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1

New developments and implications for understanding the victimization of gang members.  

PubMed

Despite a long line of research establishing a connection between gang membership and delinquent or criminal behavior, less is known about gang members' exposure to victimization. Among the few published studies that have recently investigated the gang-victimization link, findings are mixed and our understanding of this relationship remains unclear. This study offers a synthesis of the emerging gang-victimization literature by highlighting methodological and theoretical advancements and limitations within the field. Specific recommendations are presented to guide future research. PMID:24547678

Fox, Kathleen A

2013-01-01

2

Neighborhood Variation in Gang Member Concentrations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between neighborhood structure, violent crime, and concentrations of gang members at the neighborhood level. We rely on official police gang list data, police crime data, and two waves of decennial census data characterizing the socioeconomic and demographic conditions of 93 neighborhoods in Mesa, Arizona.…

Katz, Charles M.; Schnebly, Stephen M.

2011-01-01

3

Pre-Teen Gang Members: The Father Connection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gang membership and violence are pervasive across the United States. Today children, adolescents and young adults of all social classes and environments are susceptible to gang involvement. Gang members are getting younger and gang leaders are getting older. The composition and structure of the family is examined for the common element between…

Bracki, Marie A.; Dolson, Bonnie M.; Maurice, Kenneth

4

Gender differences in juvenile gang members: an exploratory study.  

PubMed

Over the past two decades, gang membership within the United States has continued to rise and has spread from urban centers to suburban and rural areas. Juvenile gang membership is of particular concern because of the relationship between early gang involvement and later adolescent and adult criminal behavior and incarceration. Female gang membership and affiliation are receiving increased attention as female crime and incarceration rates outpace those of their male counterparts. This study explores gender differences between male and female juveniles who have verified gang membership in one suburban jurisdiction. Findings suggest important differences between males and females, and implications for research and practice are discussed. PMID:25105331

Hayward, R Anna; Honegger, Laura

2014-01-01

5

Alcohol and violence in the lives of gang members.  

PubMed

Life within a gang includes two endemic features: violence and alcohol. Yet, to date, most researchers studying gang behavior have focused on violence and its relationship to illicit drugs, largely neglecting the importance of alcohol in gang life. Because alcohol is an integral and regular part of socializing within gang life, drinking works as a social lubricant, or social glue, to maintain not only the cohesion and social solidarity of the gang, but also to affirm masculinity and male togetherness. In addition to its role as a cohesive mechanism, particular drinking styles within gangs may operate, as with other social groups, as a mechanism to maintain group boundaries, thereby demarcating one gang from another. Other examples of internal gang violent activities associated with drinking include fighting between members because of rivalries, tensions, or notions of honor or respect. At a more symbolic level, drinking is associated with two important ritual events in gang life: initiation, or "jumping in,"and funerals. By better understanding the link between drinking and violence among youth gangs, steps can be taken to determine the social processes that occur in the development of violent behavior after drinking. PMID:11496969

Hunt, G P; Laidler, K J

2001-01-01

6

Mentoring Siblings of Gang Members: A Template for Reaching Families of Gang Members?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mentoring has become a popular model of intervention to reduce the risk of offending, and has been proposed as an effective tool to tackle the risk of gang membership. This paper reviews the existing literature on mentoring and reports on a qualitative evaluation of a mentoring programme targeted at young people "at risk" of gang membership in an…

Medina, Juanjo; Ralphs, Robert; Aldridge, Judith

2012-01-01

7

"Getting High and Getting By": Dimensions of Drug Selling Behaviors among American Mexican Gang Members in South Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discerns the role that Mexican American gang members play in drug markets, and the relationship between gang members' drug use and drug selling in South Texas. A four-part typology based on the two dimensions of gang type and gang member emerged from this qualitative analysis of 160 male gang members: Homeboys, Hustlers, Slangers, and…

Valdez, Avelardo; Sifaneck, Stephen J.

2004-01-01

8

Drug use and treatment success among gang and non-gang members in El Salvador: a prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background This article focuses on examining drug abuse treatment (DAT) in El Salvador highlighting gang vs. non-gang membership differences in drug use and treatment outcomes. Methods Cross-sectional and prospective cohort designs were employed to examine the study aims. The 19 centers that met the study’s inclusion criteria of one year or less in planned treatment offered varying treatment services: individual, group, family, and vocational therapy, dual diagnosis treatment, psychological testing, 12-step program, and outreach and re-entry aftercare. Most directors describe their treatment approach as “spiritual.” Data were collected from 625 patients, directors, and staff from the 19 centers at baseline, of which 34 patients were former gang members. Seventy-two percent (72%) of the former patients (448) were re-interviewed six-months after leaving treatment and 48% were randomly tested for drug use. Results Eighty-nine percent (89%) of the DAT patients at baseline were classified as heavy alcohol users and 40% were using illegal drugs, i.e., crack, marijuana, cocaine, tranquilizers, opiates, and amphetamines. There were large decreases after treatment in heavy alcohol and illegal drug use, crime, and gang related risk activities. Gang members reported illegal drug use, crime, and gang related risk activity more than non-gang members, yet only 5% of the study participants were gang members; further, positive change in treatment outcomes among gang members were the same or larger as compared to non-gang members. Conclusions Alcohol use is the drug of choice among DAT patients in El Salvador with gang member patients having used illegal drugs more than non-gang members. The study shows that DAT centers successfully reduced the use of illegal drugs and alcohol among gang and non-gang members. Although our study could not include a control group, we believe that the DAT treatment centers in El Salvador contributed to producing this treatment success among former patients. These efforts should be continued and complemented by funding support from the Salvadoran government for DAT centers that obtain certification. In addition, tailored/alternative treatment modalities are needed for gang members in treatment for heavy drinking. PMID:23734635

2013-01-01

9

Assessing the Validity of Self-Reports by Gang Members: Results from the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars who study criminal and delinquent behavior rely on the self-report method for measuring crime and delinquency. Gang researchers also rely on the self-report method for determining gang involvement and measuring criminal and delinquent behavior of gang members. This study examines disclosure rates of recent drug use by gang members in…

Webb, Vincent J.; Katz, Charles M.; Decker, Scott H.

2006-01-01

10

Alcohol and Drug Use among Gang Members: Experiences of Adolescents Who Attend School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Problems related to gangs have been noted in large cities and in many schools across the United States. This study examined the patterns of alcohol, drug use, and related exposures among male and female high school students who were gang members. Methods: Analyses were based on the Youth Violence Survey, conducted in 2004, and…

Swahn, Monica H.; Bossarte, Robert M.; West, Bethany; Topalli, Volkan

2010-01-01

11

Brief Report: Do Delinquency and Community Violence Exposure Explain Internalizing Problems in Early Adolescent Gang Members?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent gang members are at higher risk for internalizing problems as well as exposure to community violence and delinquency. This study examined whether gang membership in early adolescence is associated with internalizing problems (depression, anxiety, and suicidal behavior) and whether these associations are mediated by delinquency and…

Madan, Anjana; Mrug, Sylvie; Windle, Michael

2011-01-01

12

Internal and External Developmental Assets Among African American Male Gang Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presence of individual and ecological assets for positive development was assessed through data derived from individual interviews with 45 African American adolescent male members of inner-city Detroit gangs and 50 African American adolescent males living in the same communities but involved in community-based organizations (CBOs) aimed at…

Taylor, Carl S.; Lerner, Richard M.; von Eye, Alexander; Bobek, Deborah L.; Balsano, Aida Bilalbegovic; Dowling, Elizabeth M.; Anderson, Pamela M.

2004-01-01

13

A within-group gang attack on a young adult male chimpanzee: Ostracism of an ill-mannered member?  

Microsoft Academic Search

During a long-term study of wild chimpanzees in Tanzania, an unusual gang attack on a young adult male by the alpha male and\\u000a seven other members of the same unit group (community) was observed and videotaped. Before the gang attack, the victim had\\u000a not pant-grunted to the alpha male or to other adult males except for the second-ranked male, but

Toshisada Nishida; Kazuhiko Hosaka; Miho Nakamura; Miya Hamai

1995-01-01

14

Modern-Day Youth Gangs. OJJDP, Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report draws on data from the 1996 and 1998 National Youth Gang Surveys to compare the characteristics of gangs and gang members in jurisdictions with later onset of gang problems with those of gangs and gang members with earlier onset of gang problems. The survey asked respondents from law enforcement agencies to describe when gangs began to…

Howell, James C.; Egley, Arlen, Jr.; Gleason, Debra K.

15

The Implications of Climate Change on Floods of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate change in the future would have implications for river discharges in Bangladesh. In this article, possible changes in the magnitude, extent and depth of floods of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna (GBM) rivers in Bangladesh were assessed using a sequence of empirical models and the MIKE11-GIS hydrodynamic model. Climate change scenarios were constructed from the results of four General

M. Monirul Qader Mirza; R. A. Warrick; N. J. Ericksen

2003-01-01

16

Substance Abuse among Juvenile Delinquents and Gang Members. Prevention Research Update Number Six, Spring 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a strong statistical correlation between delinquency activity level and the level of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use in adolescents. A strong association between drug use, drug trafficking, and youth gangs has also emerged. However, several important questions concerning the relationship of delinquency, gang membership, and AOD use…

Pollard, John A.; Austin, Gregory A.

17

Life-Course Events, Social Networks, and the Emergence of Violence among Female Gang Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data gathered from a multi-year field study, this article identifies specific life-course events shared by gang-affiliated women. Gangs emerge as a cultural adaptation or pro-social community response to poverty and racial isolation. Through the use of a social-network approach, data show that violence dramatically increases in the period…

Fleisher, Mark S.; Krienert, Jessie L.

2004-01-01

18

Resource Brief: Gangs. Inquiry Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a period of decline, gang membership and gang activity are on the increase in the United States. Recent Department of Justice figures indicate that there are currently over 26,000 gangs involving over 800,000 members active in virtually every community in the nation. No longer territorial, gang activity extends from the most impoverished and…

Johnston, Howard

2013-01-01

19

System and method for identifying members of a gang or security threat group  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

System and method for monitoring activity of detainees comprising identifying a detainee who is affiliated with a gang, searching one or more databases for information associated with the detainee, and correlating the information to identify individuals who may be affiliated with the gang. The databases may include call record databases, and the information associated with the detainee may include individuals called by the detainee, individuals who visit the detainee, telephone numbers called by the detainee, and sources of funding for the detainee's calls voice and/or facial biometric identifiers. An alert may be triggered when the detainee calls a specified individual or telephone number.

2010-09-28

20

A Comparison between Mexican American Youth Who Are in Gangs and Those Who Are Not  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study compares the differences between 43 Mexican American gang members and 43 Mexican American adolescents who are not members of a gang on several demographic, educational, familial, cultural, and psychological variables. Differences were analyzed using "t" tests and chi-square analyses. discussion focuses on implications for…

Tapia, Hugo A.; Kinnier, Richard T.; MacKinnon, David P.

2009-01-01

21

Gangs in Central America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 110th Congress maintains a keen interest in the effects of crime and gang violence in Central America and its spillover effects on the United States. Since February 2005, more than 1,758 alleged members of the violent Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) gang hav...

C. R. Seelke

2008-01-01

22

Female Gang Delinquency: A Search for "Acceptably Deviant Behavior"  

E-print Network

This paper explores tile forms of female gang delinquency through an analysis of ambiguous deviance norms operating within the gang structure. Caught within competing behavioral norms, female gang members are forced to "fine tune" their deviant...

Swart, William J.

1991-01-01

23

Highlights of the 2007 National Youth Gang Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from the 2007 National Youth Gang Survey. Data on the number of gangs, gang members, and gang-related homicides in larger cities, suburban counties, smaller cities, and rural counties are provided to accurately reflect youth gang activity in the United States. Based on survey results, it is estimated that nearly 3,550…

Egley, Jr., Arlen; O'Donnell, Christina E.

2009-01-01

24

The Impact of Gang Formation on Local Patterns of Crime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has demonstrated that even after controlling for individual level attributes, individuals who join gangs commit more crimes than do nongang members. Furthermore, the offending level of gang members is higher when they report being active members of the gang. Therefore, gang membership clearly facilitates offending above and beyond…

Tita, George; Ridgeway, Greg

2007-01-01

25

Gang-related crime: the social, psychological and behavioral correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the behavioral, social and psychological factors associated with gang-related crime. By comparing group crime committed by non-gang youth and gang members, this study sought to identify the kinds of criminal activity gang members engage in and identify the specific characteristics that differentiate gang-related crime from other group crimes. We found that gangs map out their territory with

Emma Alleyne; Jane L. Wood

2012-01-01

26

Female Gangs: A Focus on Research. Youth Gang Series. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes past and current research on female gangs, noting programmatic and research needs. Seven sections include: "Early Reports: A History of Stereotypes"; "Number of Female Gang Members"; "Being in a Gang: The Background" (economic and ethnic forces, family pressure, and sex stereotyping and victimization); "Delinquency and…

Moore, Joan; Hagedorn, John

27

Gangs and America's Schools: "Spitting the Lit"--Fact or Fad?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School board members, administrators, and teachers must remember that the wearing of "gang" clothing or the appearance of "gang" graffiti does not always translate into gang activity and crime. In reality, the so-called national spread of gang problems may be just another teenage fad. School personnel should treat gangs as a symptom of underlying…

Clay, Douglas A.; Aquila, Frank D.

1994-01-01

28

Gang membership of California middle school students: behaviors and attitudes as mediators of school violence.  

PubMed

Empirical evidence examining how risk and protective behaviors may possibly mediate the association between gang membership and school violence is limited. This study utilizes a statewide representative sample of 152 023 Latino, Black and White seventh graders from California to examine a theoretical model of how school risk (e.g. truancy, school substance use and risky peer approval) and protective (e.g. connectedness, support and safety) behaviors and attitudes mediate the effects of gang membership on school violence behaviors. The dataset was collected in the 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 academic school years using the ongoing large-scale California Healthy Kids Survey conducted by WestEd for the State of California. Approximately 9.5% of the sample considered themselves to be a member of a gang. The findings indicate that school risk behaviors and attitudes mediate the association between gang membership and school violence behaviors. Although the direct negative association between gang membership and school violence perpetration is weak, the positive indirect effect mediated by school risks behaviors and attitudes is strong. This indicates that when gang members engage in school risk behaviors, they are much more likely to be school violence perpetrators. Implications for further research, theory and practice for both gang and school violence researchers are discussed. PMID:23525778

Estrada, Joey Nuñez; Gilreath, Tamika D; Astor, Ron Avi; Benbenishty, Rami

2013-08-01

29

Predicting involvement in prison gang activity: street gang membership, social and psychological factors.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine whether street gang membership, psychological factors, and social factors such as preprison experiences could predict young offenders' involvement in prison gang activity. Data were collected via individual interviews with 188 young offenders held in a Young Offenders Institution in the United Kingdom. Results showed that psychological factors such as the value individuals attached to social status, a social dominance orientation, and antiauthority attitudes were important in predicting young offenders' involvement in prison gang activity. Further important predictors included preimprisonment events such as levels of threat, levels of individual delinquency, and levels of involvement in group crime. Longer current sentences also predicted involvement in prison gang activity. However, street gang membership was not an important predictor of involvement in prison gang activity. These findings have implications for identifying prisoners involved in prison gang activity and for considering the role of psychological factors and group processes in gang research. PMID:24127897

Wood, Jane L; Alleyne, Emma; Mozova, Katarina; James, Mark

2014-06-01

30

RESPECT: Gang Mediation at Albuquerque, New Mexico's Washington Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents conflict resolution and mediation techniques used to resolve conflicts among rival gangs at Washington Middle School, an inner-city school in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Discusses formal mediation techniques and mediation for both male and female gang members. Focuses on preserving self-respect and dignity for gang members in all conflict…

Tabish, Kenneth R.; Orell, Linda Henry

1996-01-01

31

Working Together To Erase Gangs in Our Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A common misconception about gangs is that they resemble past images of motorcycle riders. Society is now faced with what are called "hybrid" gangs whose members are usually 14 to 16 years of age, who dress conservatively, who display subtle gang identifiers, and who are motivated by a combination of profit and poor family life. This booklet…

National Consortium on Alternatives for Youth at Risk, Inc., Sarasota, FL.

32

Spatial and seasonal responses of precipitation in the Ganges and Brahmaputra river basins to ENSO and Indian Ocean dipole modes: implications for flooding and drought  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We evaluated the spatial and temporal responses of precipitation in the basins as modulated by the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean (IO) dipole modes using observed precipitation records at 43 stations across the Ganges and Brahmaputra basins from 1982 to 2010. Daily observed precipitation records were extracted from Global Surface Summary of the Day dataset and spatial and monthly anomalies were computed. The anomalies were averaged for the years influenced by climate modes combinations. Occurrences of El Niño alone significantly reduced (60% and 88% of baseline in the Ganges and Brahmaputra basins, respectively) precipitation during the monsoon months in the northwestern and central Ganges basin and across the Brahmaputra basin. In contrast, co-occurrence of La Niña and a positive IO dipole mode significantly enhanced (135% and 160% of baseline, respectively) precipitation across both basins. During the co-occurrence of neutral phases in both climate modes (occurring 13 out of 28 yr), precipitation remained below average to average in the agriculturally extensive areas of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, eastern Nepal, and the Rajshahi district in Bangladesh in the Ganges basin and northern Bangladesh, Meghalaya, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh in the Brahmaputra basin. This pattern implies that a regular water deficit is likely in these areas with implications for the agriculture sector due to its reliance on consistent rainfall for successful production. Major flooding and drought occurred as a consequence of the interactive effects of the ENSO and IO dipole modes, with the sole exception of extreme precipitation and flooding during El Niño events. This observational analysis will facilitate well informed decision making in minimizing natural hazard risks and climate impacts on agriculture, and supports development of strategies ensuring optimized use of water resources in best management practice under changing climate.

Pervez, M. S.; Henebry, G. M.

2014-02-01

33

Spatial and seasonal responses of precipitation in the Ganges and Brahmaputra river basins to ENSO and Indian Ocean dipole modes: implications for flooding and drought  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We evaluated the spatial and temporal responses of precipitation in the basins as modulated by the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean (IO) dipole modes using observed precipitation records at 43 stations across the Ganges and Brahmaputra basins from 1982 to 2010. Daily observed precipitation records were extracted from Global Surface Summary of the Day dataset and spatial and monthly anomalies were computed. The anomalies were averaged for the years influenced by climate modes combinations. Occurrences of El Niño alone significantly reduced (60% and 88% of baseline in the Ganges and Brahmaputra basins respectively) precipitation during the monsoon months in the northwestern and central Ganges basin and across the Brahmaputra basin. In contrast, co-occurrence of La Niña and a positive IO dipole mode significantly enhanced (135% and 160% of baseline respectively) precipitation across both basins. During the co-occurrence of neutral phases in both climate modes (occurring 13 out of 28 yr), precipitation remained below average to average in the agriculturally extensive areas of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, eastern Nepal, and the Rajshahi district in Bangladesh in the Ganges basin and northern Bangladesh, Meghalaya, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh in the Brahmaputra basin. This pattern implies that a regular water deficit is likely in these areas with implications for the agricultural sector due to its reliance of consistent rainfall for successful production. Major flooding and drought occurred as a consequence of the interactive effects of the ENSO and IO dipole models, with the sole exception of extreme precipitation and flooding during El Niño events. This observational analysis will facilitate well informed decision making in minimizing natural hazard risks and climate impacts on agriculture, and supports development of strategies ensuring optimized use of water resources in best management practice under changing climate.

Pervez, Md Shahriar; Henebry, Geoffry M.

2014-01-01

34

Guidelines for School and Community Cooperation: Implementation on a Gang Prevention Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth gangs are not a new phenomena in the United States; however, in the past decade the number of gang members has increased dramatically. Gang prevention-intervention programs are a necessary part of every school's curriculum. Students join gangs for a variety of reasons ranging from boredom to intent on criminal behavior. One characteristic…

Thompson, Ronnie; Karr-Kidwell, PJ

35

Youth Gangs, Delinquency and Drug Use: A Test of the Selection, Facilitation, and Enhancement Hypotheses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Three different explanations have been given for the observation that adolescent gang members report more delinquent behaviour than their counterparts who do not affiliate with gangs: a) adolescents who commit more crimes join gangs (selection hypothesis); b) gang membership facilitates deviant behaviour (facilitation hypothesis); c)…

Gatti, Uberto; Tremblay, Richard E.; Vitaro, Frank; McDuff, Pierre

2005-01-01

36

D-TAG: erasing the tag of gang membership.  

PubMed

Gangs are noted for establishing their territory, flaunting gang affiliation, intimidating nonmembers, and documenting their "services performed." These examples are a few reasons for the practice of "tagging," the labeling of an area, person, or object with gang-related graffiti or markings, such as tattoos. This article describes a school nurse's response to gang "tagging" and her efforts to assist former gang members who request removal of their tattoos, to get them removed-in essence to D-TAG themselves from their gang affiliation. D-TAG is a volunteer rehabilitation program utilizing family and community interaction to support gang tattoo removal and direct activities away from gang affiliations toward alternative educational programs and life styles. PMID:9146217

Gurke, B; Armstrong, M L

1997-04-01

37

Gang Membership, Drug Selling, and Violence in Neighborhood Context  

PubMed Central

A prominent perspective in the gang literature suggests that gang member involvement in drug selling does not necessarily increase violent behavior. In addition it is unclear from previous research whether neighborhood disadvantage strengthens that relationship. We address those issues by testing hypotheses regarding the confluence of neighborhood disadvantage, gang membership, drug selling, and violent behavior. A three-level hierarchical model is estimated from the first five waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, matched with block-group characteristics from the 2000 U.S. Census. Results indicate that (1) gang members who sell drugs are significantly more violent than gang members that don’t sell drugs and drug sellers that don’t belong to gangs; (2) drug sellers that don’t belong to gangs and gang members who don’t sell drugs engage in comparable levels of violence; and (3) an increase in neighborhood disadvantaged intensifies the effect of gang membership on violence, especially among gang members that sell drugs.

Bellair, Paul E.; McNulty, Thomas L.

2014-01-01

38

The Gang Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The unit deals with the violent gang, not the social or delinquent gang. It is aimed at junior high and senior high school students. The student for whom violent gangs are an urgent, everyday concern should gain perspectives that will help him cope with the problem personally. Other students should be able to correct misconceptions and to deepen…

Anderson, M. Phineas

39

Gangs in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book comprised of theories and findings from researchers concerning youth gangs in the United States, is organized into the following five parts: (1) Sociological and Anthropological Perspectives on the Gang and the Community; (2) Defining and Measuring Gang Violence; (3) Diffusion, Diversity, and Drugs; (4) Assessing the Changing Knowledge…

Huff, C. Ronald, Ed.

40

Longitudinal Perspectives on Adolescent Street Gangs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Street gangs have been of primary concern to the public, policy makers, and criminologists for well over a century. There\\u000a is a very good reason for such concern: gang members contribute disproportionately to the overall level of crime, especially\\u000a violent and serious offenses (Battin-Pearson, Thornberry, Hawkins, & Krohn, 1998; Curry, 2000; Curry, Ball, & Decker, 1996;\\u000a Hill, Hawkins, Catalano, Maguin,

Marvin D. Krohn; Terence P. Thornberry

41

Moving beyond the gang-drug-violence connection  

PubMed Central

The aim of this article is to reflect on the conceptual and methodological developments of our gang research over the past 20 years. We have conducted a large number of consecutive qualitative studies on youth gangs, drugs and alcohol in one urban locale for over two decades and have amassed a data set of over 2000 qualitative interviews. We have kept pace with the social changes in San Francisco as they have impacted and shaped youth gangs and their members’ lives. However, these changes have not only occurred in the social context of gang members’ lives, but have also occurred in our own thinking about how to conceptualize research on gangs. We have broadened our analysis of gang members’ lives and incorporated new theoretical developments from research outside of the gang field. In addition to this shift in emphasis, our overall aim has been to redirect the research focus on youth gangs from a social problem and criminological perspective to a more sociological approach in which these youth are situated within an everyday perspective. With these overall issues in mind, we see this discussion as taking stock of the nature of gang research in the past, present and future. PMID:24049247

Joe-Laidler, Karen; Hunt, Geoffrey P.

2013-01-01

42

Highlights of the 2011 National Youth Gang Survey  

MedlinePLUS

... accounts but is consistent with previous NYGS findings on this issue. 4 0 10 ... agencies frequently report an obser ved overlap of gangs and drugs, especially street-level sales, al though several studies show limited gang member control of drug trafficking ...

43

Preventing Youths from Joining Gangs: How to Apply Inoculation Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past twenty years, gang prevalence, the number of gang members nationwide, and the seriousness of their impact on society, particularly schools, have increased significantly. The purpose of this article is to analyze Inoculation Theory, a process by which attitude transformation can be resisted during social interactions that involve persuasive messages designed to change existing attitudes, and to promote

Gerald-Mark Breen; Jonathan Matusitz

2008-01-01

44

Gang youth, substance use, and drug normalization  

PubMed Central

Gang membership is an indicator of chronic substance use.1 Evidence from North America and Europe indicates that gang youth, in comparison to their non-gang peers, are more likely to report alcohol and illicit drug use (Bendixen, Endresen, & Olweus, 2006; Gatti, Tremblay, Vitaro, & McDuff, 2005; Gordon, et al., 2004; Hall, Thornberry, & Lizotte, 2006; Sharp, Aldridge, & Medina, 2006). Qualitative studies focusing specifically on gang members have also noted high frequencies of lifetime rates of use for a variety of illegal substances (De La Rosa, Rugh, & Rice, 2006; Hagedorn, Torres, & Giglio, 1998; Hunt, Jo-Laidler, & Evans, 2002; Mata et al., 2002; Valdez, Kaplan, & Cepeda, 2006). Gang youth, however, have differential attitudes towards the use of various illegal drugs. Marijuana, for instance, has remained a staple within gang culture, but the use of other drugs has been heavily stigmatized, especially heroin, methamphetamine, and crack cocaine (MacKenzie, Hunt, & Joe-Laidler, 2005; Moore, 1978; Taylor, 1990; Waldorf, 1993). Perspectives with good explanatory power should be flexible enough to elucidate these distinctions regarding illicit substance use patterns and preferences.

Sanders, Bill

2014-01-01

45

Comparing the Criminal Behavior of Youth Gangs and At-Risk Youths. Research in Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to compare the criminal behavior of gang members and nongang at-risk youths in four urban and suburban communities, Denver (Colorado), Aurora (Colorado), Broward County (Florida), and Cleveland (Ohio). The first three communities were emergent, rather than chronic, gang environments, but in Cleveland, information on gangs

Huff, C. Ronald

46

Mexican American Youth and Adult Prison Gangs in a Changing Heroin Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the interaction between the larger community's drug markets and youth and adult prison gangs, and the process that leads to specific adverse consequences both to the youth gangs as organizations, and to individual members. Described is the emergence of a restructured heroin market dominated by an adult prison gang. A major consequence of this was the

Avelardo Valdez

2005-01-01

47

Positive Individual and Social Behavior among Gang and Nongang African American Male Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive individual and social behaviors were assessed among male gang members and males involved in community-based organizations aimed at promoting positive youth development. Correlations of attribute scores were more often significant for the gang than for the nongang youth. Approximately one-quarter of the gang youth had total positive…

Taylor, Carl S.; Lerner, Richard M.; von Eye, Alexander; Bobek, Deborah L.; Balsano, Aida B.; Dowling, Elizabeth; Anderson, Pamela M.

2003-01-01

48

Gangs and Crime Deterrence  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework is developed in which the formation of gangs — the criminal market structure — is endogenous. We examine the impact of crime deterrence in this framework. It is shown that for a given gang structure, an increase in deterrence reduces criminal output. However, under identifiable circumstances, an increase in deterrence can also lead to an increase in the

Abdala Mansour; Nicolas Marceau; Steeve Mongrain

2005-01-01

49

Cults as Gangs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers cults as gangs, but also distinguishes cults from gangs by the cult's reference to and insistence on allegiance to single higher authority, usually spirit figure or spiritual leader. Examines Satanism, identifies Satanic holidays and symbols, and describes characteristics of cult-influenced youth. Includes list of organizations and books…

Cantrell, Mary Lynn

1992-01-01

50

Youth Gangs in Nicaragua: Gang Membership as Structured Individualization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Nicaragua the rise of urban youth gangs has led the government to adopt a crime-control approach that focuses on containing adolescent violence. Yet efforts to foil youth gangs have been ineffectual, largely because the nature of gang membership is little understood. This article presents the results of a qualitative study of youth gang

Maclure, Richard; Sotelo, Melvin

2004-01-01

51

Risk Behaviors among Young Mexican American Gang-Associated Females: Sexual Relations, Partying, Substance Use, and Crime.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative research examined risk-taking behavior among Mexican American adolescent girls who are not formal gang members but are associated with male gangs. Findings illustrate how outcomes associated with sexual relations, partying, substance use, and crime vary according to the girl's relationship with the male gang and status within the…

Cepeda, Alice; Valdez, Avelardo

2003-01-01

52

Gang awareness for healthcare professionals.  

PubMed

All healthcare facilities--not just urban ones--need to train their staff and be equipped to handle gangs and gang-related crime and violence, says the author. This article discusses the various aspects of the ongoing training program in gang awareness for Durham Regional Hospital's Security Department--including types of gangs, their mindsets and what motivates them, and how to identify them as well as their graffiti, colors, hand signals, and tattoos. PMID:10557439

Hall-McGee, P

1999-01-01

53

Literacy and Advocacy in Adolescent Family, Gang, School, and Juvenile Court Communities: "Crip 4 Life"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this book is to encourage educators and researchers to understand the complexities of adolescent gang members' lives in order to rethink their assumptions about these students in school. The particular objective is to situate four gang members as literate, caring students from loving families whose identities and literacy keep them on…

Smith, Debra; Whitmore, Kathryn F.

2006-01-01

54

An evaluation of Operation Roundup : An experiment in the control of gangs to reduce crime, fear of crime and improve police community relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents research findings on Operation Roundup, a project initiated by the Santa Ana Police Department in Santa Ana, California. The covert police operation was designed to curtail gang activity in a specific neighborhood by securing indictments and arresting 130 violent gang members belonging to the notorious Sixth Street gang. A purposive sample of community members, selected from the

Ronald E. Vogel; Sam Torres

1998-01-01

55

Victory Junction Gang Camp  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Victory Junction Gang Camp, a not-for-profit, NASCAR-themed camp for children with chronic medical conditions that serves 24 different disease groups. The mission of the camp is to give children life-changing camping experiences that are exciting, fun, and empowering in a safe and medically sound environment. While doing…

Shell, Ryan

2007-01-01

56

‘Status dogs’ and gangs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the light of the recent rapid growth in the ownership of ‘status dogs’ in the UK, and drawing upon research conducted in Britain and North America, this article considers the motivation of the dogs' owners, the relationship between the ownership of ‘status dogs’ and urban street gangs, and the social impact of these dogs.

Simon Harding

2010-01-01

57

Youth Gangs and Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few schools escape dynamics and behaviors that are associated with gangs. Think, for example, about bullying, disruptive intergroup conflicts, drug sales and abuse, and vandalism such as theft, graffiti, and other forms of property damage. From both a policy and practice perspective, it is essential for schools to understand and address…

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2007

2007-01-01

58

Gangs in the Schools. ERIC Digest 99.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ERIC digest examines the growth and nature of juvenile gangs and the growing problem they present in the nation's public schools. It explores the characteristics of gangs, the impact gangs are having on public schools, why gangs develop and why students join them, what the schools' responses have been to gangs, and effective interactions for…

Burnett, Gary; Walz, Garry

59

The Prosocial Gang: Implementing Aggression Replacement Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The phrase "prosocial gang" may seem a contradiction but such gangs do exist. This book describes a gang intervention program, Aggression Replacement Training (ART), which resulted in reduced arrest rates among violent gangs in a large urban area. The book opens with a list of prosocial gangs followed by an analysis of the development,…

Goldstein, Arnold P.; And Others

60

Views on sex and sex education among gang-involved Latino youth in the United States.  

PubMed

Although gang-involved Latino youth in the United States are uniquely at risk of adverse consequences from sexual behavior, little research is available that can guide those who wish to develop interventions to reduce sexual risk among these youth. To facilitate the development of effective interventions, we identified cultural and contextual factors that influence sexual behavior and sex education among gang-involved Latino youth in one U.S. community. By analyzing transcripts from interviews and focus groups with three different groups of key stakeholders--gang-experienced Latino youth, the parents of gang-experienced Latino youth, and the personnel of a program providing comprehensive human services for gang-involved Latino youth--we identified three domains to be considered in developing sexual risk-reduction interventions for gang-involved U.S. Latino youth. The focus of our discussion is on the implications of these findings for future development or adaptation of interventions. PMID:24705683

Kassab, Veronica A; Acevedo-Polakovich, Ignacio D; Grzybowski, Megan M; Stout, Stacy; Richards, Allyn E; Barnett, Miya L; Guerra-Morales, Aileen; Bell, Katrina M; Crider, Elizabeth A; Beck, Kara L; Brookins-Fisher, Jodi; Alfaro, Mario; Saxena, Suchita R

2014-05-01

61

Individual and Ecological Assets and Thriving among African American Adolescent Male Gang and Community-Based Organization Members: A Report From Wave 3 of the "Overcoming the Odds" Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third wave of the Overcoming the Odds longitudinal study involves data about individual and ecological developmental assets and thriving among African American male adolescents in inner-city Detroit gangs (N = 43) or in youth development, community-based organizations (CBO; N = 50). Both groups had comparable levels of either low or high…

Taylor, Carl S.; Smith, Pamela R.; Taylor, Virgil A.; von Eye, Alexander; Lerner, Richard M.; Balsano, Aida Bilalbegovic; Anderson, Pamela M.; Banik, Rumeli; Almerigi, Jason B.

2005-01-01

62

Adaptation to Transition: Implications for Working with Cult Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that because individuals experiencing transitions seem to be particularly susceptible to cult membership, developing insight and resources to cope with transition must be an integral part of strategies to prevent cult membership. Discusses interventions focusing on treatment of former cult members are . (Author/MKA)

Robinson, Beth; Bradley, Loretta J.

1998-01-01

63

When Gangs Come to Town.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gang membership in large cities is declining but may be increasing in small towns. A student high-school teacher in Silver City, New Mexico, describes several academic, counseling, disciplinary, and extracurricular programs (including a support group for gang dropouts) to address students' and teachers' school-safety concerns. (MLH)

Palting, Catalina

1999-01-01

64

Legitimating drug use: A note on the impact of gang membership and drug sales on the use of illicit drugs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A good deal is known about gang members' involvement as sellers of drugs. We know little, however, about the extent to which gang members are involved in the drug market as users, and about the role that involvement in drug sales plays in the use of drugs. This paper presents data from an 11-city survey of arrestees that includes a

Scott H. Decker

2000-01-01

65

Breaking the Code: Austin's Gang Enigma. Austin Police Department Gang Suppression Unit Resource Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource handbook provides facts about gangs in Austin (Texas) and suggests ways parents and the community can work to reduce the city's gang problem. Criminal street gangs are becoming one of the most serious crime problems in Texas today, with 38 major cities reporting the presence of gangs. Texas gangs are defined as social, delinquent,…

Austin Police Dept., TX.

66

Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers presents a representative selection of the National Institute of Justice's portfolio of gang-related research. The 10 papers are: (1) "A Decade of Gang Research: Findings of the National Institute of Justice Gang Portfolio" (Scott H. Decker); (2) "The Evolution of Street Gangs: An Examination of Form and Variation"…

Reed, Winifred L., Ed.; Decker, Scott H., Ed.

67

Eyes of Ganges  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

21 December 2005 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows eroded, light-toned layered rock outcrops on the side of a large mound in Ganges Chasma, part of the vast Valles Marineris trough system. Perhaps a testament to the inherent human (and primate) ability to pick out faces where partially hidden from view (even when a face is not really there) -- near the top of this picture are two features, each a product of erosion, resembling a pair of human eyes. This picture was acquired in late November 2005.

Location near: 7.1oS, 49.4oW Image width: width: 0.55 km (0.3 mi) Illumination from: left/lower left Season: Southern Summer

2005-01-01

68

Gang Membership, School Violence, and the Mediating Effects of Risk and Protective Behaviors in California High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is insufficient empirical evidence exploring associations between gang membership and school violence behaviors. Using a sample of 272,863 high school students, this study employs a structural equation model to examine how school risk and protective behaviors and attitudes mediate effects of gang members' involvement with school…

Estrada, Joey Nuñez, Jr.; Gilreath, Tamika D.; Astor, Ron Avi; Benbenishty, Rami

2014-01-01

69

Ganges Chasma Sand Sheet  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

[figure removed for brevity, see original site]

Our topic for the weeks of April 4 and April 11 is dunes on Mars. We will look at the north polar sand sea and at isolated dune fields at lower latitudes. Sand seas on Earth are often called 'ergs,' an Arabic name for dune field. A sand sea differs from a dune field in two ways: 1) a sand sea has a large regional extent, and 2) the individual dunes are large in size and complex in form.

Today's sand sheet is located in the Ganges Chasma portion of Valles Marineris. As with yesterday's image, note that the dune forms are seen only at the margin and that the interior of the sand sheet at this resolution appears to completely lack dune forms.

Image information: VIS instrument. Latitude -6.4, Longitude 310.7 East (49.3 West). 19 meter/pixel resolution.

Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

2005-01-01

70

Building Inside/Studio Gang  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exhibition from the Art Institute of Chicago (AIC) takes visitors inside the working process of Studio Gang Architects. Founded by Jeanne Gang in 1997, Studio Gang is the creative force behind projects inspired by the city of Chicago, such as the Aqua Tower, an 82-story, ÃÂàmulti-use high-rise with a hotel, apartments, condominiums, parking, offices, and one of Chicagoâ≢s largest green roofs. Also in the exhibition is an unbuilt concept for an apartment complex in India: Hyderabad Tellapur 02, that "transforms the traditional Indian courtyard house into a new porous building type that serves a much larger-scale...development." The porousness is a system of cracks that provide cross ventilation for individual apartments, without air conditioning. The web exhibition concludes with a short video of the installation of the show at AIC.

2012-09-24

71

YOUTH GANGS AND THEIR FAMILIES: EFFECT OF GANG MEMBERSHIP ON FAMILY'S SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a quasi-experimental design and self report methodology, this paper examines the effects of youth gang membership on families’ subjective well-being. Two groups of families consisting of 57 families with children in gangs or at risk of being in gangs and 57families with children not involved in gangs and not identified as at-risk of joining gangs are compared to (1)

Suman Kakar

1998-01-01

72

Steering Students Clear of Gangs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Young adolescents yearn to belongâespecially when they are new to a community and don't speak the language. Communication and awareness among administrators, teachers, parents, and students are keys to ensuring students have the strength to say "no" to gang involvement and "yes" to continuing their education.

Kluttz, Tess; Brewer, Amy; Clifford, Scott; Turano, Daniela

2010-10-01

73

Treatment of Gangs\\/Gang Behavior in Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth gangs constitute the largest component of criminally active adolescent peer groups in the United States (Howell, 2003a).\\u000a Applying primary prevention and health promotion models to this topic is a complex matter, especially in light of the guiding\\u000a definition of primary prevention and health promotion used in this volume, which is “those planned actions that help participants\\u000a prevent predictable problems,

Mark B. Borg; Michael R. Dalla

74

Discouraging Gangs in Schools: A Prescription for Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication identifies five levels of gang activity in middle and high schools and presents corresponding strategies for dealing with troublesome situations. The five levels of involvement include: (1) no known gang activity; (2) limited gang activity; (3) emerging gang activity; (4) community in crisis; and (5) gang-controlled community. A…

Foster, Linda G.

1994-01-01

75

Elucidating the treatment needs of gang-affiliated youth offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Gang affiliation is strongly associated with youth crime. Although gang prevention, intervention and suppression programmes have been used to reduce affiliation and manage youth gang-related activities, the effectiveness of these approaches is questionable. Further, comprehensive programmes supporting disengagement from gangs that also address the actual criminal behaviours of gang-affiliated youth are rare. Arguably, these are necessary if the

Chi Meng Chu; Michael Daffern; Stuart D. M. Thomas; Jia Ying Lim

2011-01-01

76

Gangs in Schools. Breaking Up Is Hard To Do.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook offers the latest information on gangs and practical advice on preventing or reducing gang encroachment in schools. Gang experts believe that establishing codes of conduct, diligent awareness of gang rivalries, prevention courses, and community and parental involvement can make an impact in keeping gangs away from campus. Chapter 1,…

National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

77

Gangs: The Origins and Impact of Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents papers from some leading social scientists and scholars who examine the contemporary contours of America's gang problem. New material is provided on wilding (i.e., running amok for no specific reason) gangs, migration and drug trafficking, and public education disruption. Other topics involve organization of gangs, their social…

Cummings, Scott, Ed.; Monti, Daniel J., Ed.

78

Drug-scene familiarity and exposure to gang violence among residents in a rural farming community in Baja California, Mexico  

PubMed Central

We examined drug-scene familiarity and exposure to gang violence among residents of a migrant farming community in rural Baja California, Mexico. In October 2010, 164 members of a single colonia (community) underwent an interviewer-administered survey to assess ‘exposure to gang violence’ and ‘drug-scene familiarity’, as well as other health indicators. Logistic regression was used to identify correlates of exposure to gang violence. Overall, 20% of participants were male, the median age was 27 years, 24% spoke an indigenous language, 42% reported exposure to gang violence, and 39% reported drug-scene familiarity. Factors independently associated with exposure to gang violence included being younger (AOR=0.80 per 5-year increase, 95% CI=0.67–0.96), living in the community longer (AOR=1.47 per 5-year increase, 95% CI=1.11–1.72), higher educational attainment (AOR=1.70 per 5-year increase, 95% CI=1.07–1.12), and drug-scene familiarity (AOR=5.10, 95%CI=2.39–10.89). Exposure to gang violence was very common in this community and was associated with drug-scene familiarity, suggesting a close relationship between drugs and gang violence in this rural community. In a region characterised by mass migration from poorer parts of Mexico, where drugs and gangs have not been previously reported, emerging social harms may affect these communities unless interventions are implemented. PMID:23072623

Volkmann, Tyson; Fraga, Miguel A.; Brodine, Stephanie K.; Iniguez-Stevens, Esmeralda; Cepeda, Alice; Elder, John P.; Garfein, Richard S.

2012-01-01

79

Gangs, My Town and the Nation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of youth gangs is explored, with suggestions for gang prevention and intervention. The emphasis is on organizing citizens, especially at the neighborhood level, to affect all community institutions. Suggestions are offered for citizens' groups to look at critical areas in schooling, incarceration, law enforcement, community programs,…

Randolph, Norman; Erickson, Edsel

80

Teaching Responsibility to Gang-Affiliated Youths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching youths who affiliate with a gang can be a daunting task. Risk factors for gang membership often compound across life domains and affect pro-social connectedness, cause feelings of marginalization, and hinder life-skill development. Sports and physical activities that are structured within a positive youth-development framework provide an…

Buckle, Michael E.; Walsh, David S.

2013-01-01

81

Gender and Gangs: A Quantitative Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research and theory about female gang involvement remain scarce. Drawing on the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study addresses whether males and females differ in risk factors associated with gang membership (e.g., community characteristics, parent-child relationships, associations with deviant friends). Integrating theory…

Bell, Kerryn E.

2009-01-01

82

Taking Over the School: Student Gangs as a Strategy for Dealing with Homophobic Bullying in an Urban Public School District  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the African American lesbian gang, DTO (Dykes Taking Over), as an example of a student-initiated strategy for dealing with homophobic bullying in an urban American school district. A series of alleged incidents of same-sex sexual harassment by gang members on heterosexual students illustrate how lesbian\\/bisexual threat was used by these women to re-establish a power differential after

Dominique Johnson

2008-01-01

83

The Youth Gangs, Drugs, and Violence Connection. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin addresses questions about the interrelatedness of youth gangs, drugs, and violent crime, discussing whether drug trafficking is a main cause of violence in youth gangs or only a correlate, and noting whether there are other important sources of gang violence. Section 1 presents a historical overview of gang drug use and trafficking,…

Howell, James C.; Decker, Scott H.

84

Geometry Analysis Numerics Graphics (GANG) Pre-print series 5  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Geometry Analysis Numerics Graphics (GANG), an interdisciplinary differential geometry research team at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, has posted pre-prints from its team members. Although this page is not new (the pre-prints were posted during 1999-2000), a variety of research results can be found here. The abstracts are in HTML format, and the full text must be downloaded in .ps format. Examples of article titles from the most recent pre-print series (5): "From microscopic interactions to macroscopic laws of cluster evolution," "New constant mean curvature trinoids," and "Periodic discrete conformal maps."

85

Seasonal variability of geochemical signatures of streamflow: potential implications for end-member characterizations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Until recently, the vast majority of investigations on water source and flowpaths have been focusing on small catchments with homogenous landuse and geology. While these studies have brought new knowledge on how these individual hydrological systems behave, we still face uncertainties inherent to basic assumptions related to end-member stability and degree of mixing. We rely on hydroclimatological and hydrogeochemical datasets collected in three small experimental catchments with contrasting lithology in the Attert river basin (Luxembourg, Europe): the Weierbach (schists), the Huewelerbach (sandstone) and the Wollefsbach (marls). Investigations based on oxygen and hydrogen stable isotope signatures in streamwater show the dominant influence of geology on catchment storage and mixing potential (Pfister et al., in preparation). Catchments dominated by permeable substrate exhibit stable isotopic signatures through the entire range of the flow duration curve, consistent with large storage volumes and mixing potential. On impermeable substrate, storage volumes are smaller and reduced mixing potential exists; isotopic signatures of streamflow are much more variable. Here, our objective is to determine whether (i) geochemical signatures along the individual flow duration curves of catchments exhibit similar patterns to those of stable isotopes and (ii) what potential implications those patterns have on mixing assumptions and end-member stability/identification. Our findings show two distinct patterns along the flow duration curves for cations, silica, EC and Abs254: during low flow conditions (i.e. restricted to groundwater contributions), concentrations of these parameters tend to increase as discharge values decrease, whereas during high flows, concentrations are more or less stable. For anions, no distinct patterns could be determined. Nitrates exhibit a special behaviour, in that their concentrations gradually increase with rising discharge values along the entire flow duration curve. Our observations document a significant variability of all investigated geochemical parameters during low flow conditions - a flow condition were only one well-mixed component is supposed to be hydrologically active. These findings give new insights to the use of streamwater sampled during low flow conditions for characterizing groundwater as a potential end-member.

François Iffly, Jean; Barnich, Francois; Hissler, Christophe; Klaus, Julian; Martinez Carreras, Núria; Pfister, Laurent

2014-05-01

86

Adaptation of an Animal Territory Model to Street Gang Spatial Patterns in Los Angeles  

E-print Network

for a gang to mark its territory is through the use of graffiti [1, 8, 22]. This is analogous to territorial Gangs This paper develops a model to describe the equilibrium densities of gangs and gang graffiti. Gang graffiti marks the boundaries of contested regions claimed by multiple gangs, which may make these areas

Soatto, Stefano

87

Improved utilization and responsiveness with gang scheduling  

SciTech Connect

Most commercial multicomputers use space-slicing schemes in which each scheduling decision has an unknown impact on the future: should a job be scheduled, risking that it will block other larger jobs later, or should the processors be left idle for now in anticipation of future arrivals? This dilemma is solved by using gang scheduling, because then the impact of each decision is limited to its time slice, and future arrivals can be accommodated in other time slices. This added flexibility is shown to improve overall system utilization and responsiveness. Empirical evidence from using gang scheduling on a Cray T3D installed at Lawrence Livermore National Lab corroborates these results, and shows conclusively that gang scheduling can be very effective with current technology. 29 refs., 10 figs., 6 tabs.

Feitelson, D.G., [Institute of Computer Science, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (IsraelL); Jette, M.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1996-10-01

88

Globalization and Gangs: The Evolution of Central American  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus ofthis paper is beyond a critique of U.S. immigration law and the 4 regions' judicial systems, although their roles as they relate to gang activities in these areas will be assessed. Nor is this paper a comprehensive ethnographic account of gang life and gang structure in general. Instead the purpose of this study is to synthesize the theoretical

PatrickBeary

2007-01-01

89

Latino High School Students' Perceptions of Gangs and Crews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Controversies around definitions and perceptions of gangs are heightened by the scarcity of research on crews. In an open-ended interview, 77 Latino 10th graders from a random longitudinal sample provided information about gangs and crews. Although less than 10% reported having been in gangs or crews, 84% reported having personal contact with…

Lopez, Edward M.; Wishard, Alison; Gallimore, Ronald; Rivera, Wendy

2006-01-01

90

Gang behavior in the schools: Reality or myth?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this review is to explore the nature of gang behavior in U.S. schools, with a particular focus on the extent to which such behavior affects or exacerbates the larger issue of school violence. An unanticipated finding was the absence of strong empirical support for school gang violence. The evidence does show youth gangs have changed dramatically over

Carolyn P. Parks

1995-01-01

91

Hydraulic Actuator for Ganged Control Rods  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hydraulic actuator moves several nuclear-reactor control rods in unison. Electromagnetic pump pushes liquid lithium against ends of control rods, forcing them out of or into nuclear reactor. Color arrows show lithium flow for reactor startup and operation. Flow reversed for shutdown. Conceived for use aboard spacecraft, actuator principle applied to terrestrial hydraulic machinery involving motion of ganged rods.

Thompson, D. C.; Robey, R. M.

1986-01-01

92

Hepatic trematodiasis in a Ganges River dolphin.  

PubMed

Hepatic trematodiasis caused by Cyclorchis campula was diagnosed in a juvenile Ganges River dolphin that had been in captivity at an aquarium for approximately 1 year. Histopathologic findings were severe chronic suppurative cholangitis, hyperplasia of the bile duct epithelium, and periductal fibrosis associated with fluke infection of the large bile ducts. PMID:521375

Migaki, G; Lagios, M D; Herald, E S; Dempster, R P

1979-11-01

93

National Youth Gang Survey, 1996. OJJDP Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1996 National Youth Gang Survey was the largest of its type ever conducted, and the results are representative of the United States as a whole. Almost 5,000 law enforcement agencies were surveyed, and more than 80% of the sample responded. Agencies in all large cities, and a random sample of smaller cities were included, as were suburban…

Institute for Intergovernmental Research, Tallahassee, FL. National Youth Gang Center.

94

The Sandhouse Gang presents.... RSE Consulting, Inc.  

E-print Network

The Sandhouse Gang presents.... Ron Sucik RSE Consulting, Inc with a historical review of its start and the evolving of the equipment and services concluding with an overview of the current issues and trends affecting Intermodal today. Ron Sucik, bio: As Director, Market Development

Bustamante, Fabián E.

95

The Development and Implications of Peer Emotional Support for Student Service Members/Veterans and Civilian College Students  

PubMed Central

Student service members/veterans represent a growing population on college campuses. Despite this growth, scholarly investigations into their health- and adjustment-related issues are almost nonexistent. The limited research that is available suggests that student service members/veterans may have trouble connecting with their civilian counterparts and be at risk for social isolation. The present study compared the development and implications of emotional support from peers among 199 student service members/veterans and 181 civilian students through 3 distinct occasions over the course of 1 calendar year. Data were collected via electronic survey. Measured constructs included perceived emotional support from university friends, mental health, alcohol use, and academic functioning. A series of multilevel models revealed that student service members/veterans reported less emotional support from their peers compared with their civilian counterparts; yet, emotional support from peers increased similarly for both groups over time. Although, increasing peer emotional support was generally related to better academic and mental health outcomes for both groups, the links between emotional support and mental health were stronger for civilian students. Results suggest that mental health practitioners, particularly those on college campuses, should be prepared to deal with veteran-specific experiences that occur before and during college. PMID:23421774

Whiteman, Shawn D.; Barry, Adam E.; Mroczek, Daniel K.; Wadsworth, Shelley MacDermid

2013-01-01

96

The development and implications of peer emotional support for student service members/veterans and civilian college students.  

PubMed

Student service members/veterans represent a growing population on college campuses. Despite this growth, scholarly investigations into their health- and adjustment-related issues are almost nonexistent. The limited research that is available suggests that student service members/veterans may have trouble connecting with their civilian counterparts and be at risk for social isolation. The present study compared the development and implications of emotional support from peers among 199 student service members/veterans and 181 civilian students through 3 distinct occasions over the course of 1 calendar year. Data were collected via electronic survey. Measured constructs included perceived emotional support from university friends, mental health, alcohol use, and academic functioning. A series of multilevel models revealed that student service members/veterans reported less emotional support from their peers compared with their civilian counterparts; yet, emotional support from peers increased similarly for both groups over time. Although, increasing peer emotional support was generally related to better academic and mental health outcomes for both groups, the links between emotional support and mental health were stronger for civilian students. Results suggest that mental health practitioners, particularly those on college campuses, should be prepared to deal with veteran-specific experiences that occur before and during college. PMID:23421774

Whiteman, Shawn D; Barry, Adam E; Mroczek, Daniel K; Macdermid Wadsworth, Shelley

2013-04-01

97

Structure and behavior of the barringerite Ni end-member, Ni2P, at deep Earth conditions and implications for natural Fe-Ni  

E-print Network

Structure and behavior of the barringerite Ni end-member, Ni2P, at deep Earth conditions and behavior of the barringerite Ni end-member, Ni2P, at deep Earth conditions and implications for natural Fe phosphides, and its presence in the Earth core would favorably lower the core density. In contrast to Fe2P

Downs, Robert T.

98

Central American maras: from youth street gangs to transnational protection rackets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the empirical research on Central American street gangs, called maras, has been published only in Spanish. Reviewing that literature, the American scholarship on gangs, and my own research on Central American gangs from the mid-1990s, this article depicts the processes through which the maras (Mara Salvatrucha and the Eighteenth Street Gang) evolved from youth street gangs in the

José Miguel Cruz

2010-01-01

99

Violence risk and gang affiliation in youth offenders: a recidivism study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth gangs are ubiquitous around the world and have been problematic for the social and criminal justice agencies. Despite widespread public concern, there has been relatively scarce empirical scrutiny of youth gangs internationally and little outside of America and Europe. In particular, the activities of youth gangs, the function of gang membership, the criminogenic needs of gang-affiliated youth, and the

Chi Meng Chu; Michael Daffern; Stuart Thomas; Jia Ying Lim

2010-01-01

100

A Novel TNF Receptor Family Member Binds TWEAK and Is Implicated in Angiogenesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

TWEAK is a member of the TNF ligand family that induces angiogenesis in vivo. We report cloning of a receptor for TWEAK (TweakR) from a human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) library. The mature form of TweakR has only one hundred and two amino acids and six cysteine residues in its extracellular region. Five different assays demonstrate TWEAK-TweakR binding, and

Steven R Wiley; Linda Cassiano; Timothy Lofton; Terry Davis-Smith; Jeffrey A Winkles; Volkhard Lindner; Hua Liu; Thomas O Daniel; Craig A Smith; William C Fanslow

2001-01-01

101

Response of the Ganges River of India to monsoonal changes since the Last Glacial Maximum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ganges rises in the Himalaya and supplies water for agriculture to hundreds of millions of people, as it has since the beginnings of agriculture in the Neolithic. The river derives most of its discharge from the Southwest Indian Monsoon with some local snowmelt, and proxy records from the Arabian Sea indicate strong fluctuations in past monsoon intensity, driven largely by changes in solar insolation. OSL dating of cores and river cliffs along the Ganges Valley near Kanpur demonstrates a first-order link between monsoon intensity and phases of incision and aggradation in the Ganges system. The river has adjusted its equilibrium profile over relatively short periods (centuries to thousands of years), and is sensitive to the changing balance between sediment and water discharge imposed by monsoonal fluctuations. This has important implications for the agricultural plains over the next century. In more detail, the Ganges experienced reduced discharge and was underfit during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) of Marine Isotope Stage 2. Eolian and lacustrine strata accumulated on the interfluves adjacent to the Ganges Valley until about 26 ka B.P., after which gully erosion set in. Following the LGM, the monsoon intensified. Clusters of dates indicate that Ganges channels aggraded between about 16 and 11 ka, with dates especially focused around the Younger Dryas period of low monsoon intensity. Channels also aggraded late in the Holocene (after 2.5 ka) as the monsoon declined through to the present following its mid-Holocene peak. Although more difficult to constrain, phases of incision correspond broadly with periods of monsoonal intensification, especially following the LGM. In general, the river had sufficient energy for both sediment transport and incision as the monsoon waxed, but its transport capability was reduced as the monsoon waned, leading to aggradation. The Ganges appears to have shifted course in its valley mainly during monsoon highs. Archeological sites along the tributary Belan River testify to the links between early human settlements and the monsoon. Reworked gravels with Upper Paleolithic artefacts are dated at 21-31 ka, and may represent floodplain gully erosion during the LGM monsoonal low. Mesolithic settlements appear to have been established during a period of climatic instability that includes the Younger Dryas and early Holocene, based on eolian sediments dated at 7-14 ka. Neolithic settlements were probably established in the mid Holocene under stronger monsoon conditions suitable for the development of agriculture, as indicated by overlying floodplain muds.

Gibling, M.; Sinha, R.; Roy, N.

2011-12-01

102

Monitoring ARC services with GangliARC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Monitoring of Grid services is essential to provide a smooth experience for users and provide fast and easy to understand diagnostics for administrators running the services. GangliARC makes use of the widely-used Ganglia monitoring tool to present web-based graphical metrics of the ARC computing element. These include statistics of running and finished jobs, data transfer metrics, as well as showing the availability of the computing element and hardware information such as free disk space left in the ARC cache. Ganglia presents metrics as graphs of the value of the metric over time and shows an easily-digestable summary of how the system is performing, and enables quick and easy diagnosis of common problems. This paper describes how GangliARC works and shows numerous examples of how the generated data can quickly be used by an administrator to investigate problems. It also presents possibilities of combining GangliARC with other commonly-used monitoring tools such as Nagios to easily integrate ARC monitoring into the regular monitoring infrastructure of any site or computing centre.

Cameron, D.; Karpenko, D.

2012-12-01

103

A System ic Analysis of th e Dynam ics and Organ ization of Urban Street Gangs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Street gangs function as ongoing, open social systems in relation to their surrounding sociocultural context. Fundamentally, gangs are comparable to some family systems. In fact, most gangs do consider themselves to be \\

NIKKI M. RUBLE; WILLIAM L. TURNER

2000-01-01

104

Paleomagnetism of the Brushy Basin Member of the Morrison Formation: Implications for Jurassic apparent polar wander  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paleomagnetism of the approximately 147 Ma (Tithonian) Brushy Basin Member of the Morrison Formation was analyzed to obtain a Late Jurassic paleomagnetic pole for North America. A total of 200 samples were collected from 25 sedimentary horizons (sites) at Norwood Hill in southwest Colorado. At Montezuma Creek in southeast Utah, 184 samples were collected from 26 sites. Detailed thermal demagnetization (up to nine temperature steps between 600 C and 680 C) and principal component analysis were required to confidently isolate characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) directions carried by hematite. Demagnetization behavior for many horizons is erratic and does not allow isolation of a high unblocking-temperature ChRM. Data selection criteria required sample ChRM directions to be defined by three or more thermal demagnetization steps and maximum angular deviations of sample ChRM directions to be less than or equal to 20 deg. Eight sites from the Norwood Hill location and 10 sites from the Montezuma Creek location passed these criteria. The 18 site-mean virtual geomagnetic poles yield a paleomagnetic pole position from the Brushy Basin Member of 68.3 deg N, 156.2 deg E (A(sub 95) = 4.8 deg, K = 53). This pole position is within 2 deg of the paleomagnetic pole which Steiner and Helsley (1975a) reported for the 'upper' Morrison Formation at Norwood Hill, Colorado. A second paleomagnetic pole was calculated after excluding sites with site-mean alpha(sub 95) is greater than 20 deg and sites with fewer than three samples that passed the above selection criteria. This additional editing did not significantly change the paleomagnetic pole position at the 95% confidence level. Along with other paleomagnetic poles from the continental interior the paleomagnetic data from the Brushy Basin Member of the Morrison Formation are interpreted to indicate that the Late Jurassic part of the North American apparent polar wander path progresses from a late Middle Jurassic (approximately 160 Ma) position at approximately 60 deg N, 135 deg E toward the mid-Cretaceous pole position at 72 deg N, 191 deg E.

Bazard, David R.; Butler, Robert F.

1994-04-01

105

Gangs in Our Schools: Identifying Gang Indicators in Our School Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although teachers used to teach in the communities where they resided, they now commute to schools in other districts. For teachers who teach in districts that are culturally or ethnically different than their own, it may be a new experience of which to become aware or identify issues such as dealing with gang behavior. For other teachers, there…

Struyk, Ruth

2006-01-01

106

Cumulative exposure to stressful life events and male gang membership  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors examine risk factors that predict gang membership among a cohort of South Florida boys. Using both prospective and retrospective data, the authors evaluated the role of early exposure to stressful life events in predicting joining a gang, controlling for other risk factors. The analysis revealed that while cumulative preteen stress exposure was not found to

David Eitle; Steven Gunkel; Karen Van Gundy

2004-01-01

107

Pachuco Gangs in Houston--A Postwar Phenomenon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Combined with the overabundance of free time caused by unemployment, pachuco gangs in Chicano neighborhoods became very active during the 1940s. Houston had its own pachuco gangs that not only had feuds with each other but also clashed with Houston police. (NQ)

Cano, Luis Rey

1979-01-01

108

Man-made climatic changes in the Ganges basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate data pertaining to the Ganges basin in Bangladesh were analysed to find any climatic changes in the wake of the upstream water diversion by the Farakka Barrage. Whereas the diversions have been continuing from at least 30 international rivers upstream of Bangladesh, the diversion from the Ganges is the best known and has a wider coverage than all other

Miah M. Adel

2002-01-01

109

Youth Violence: Gangs on Main Street, USA. Issues in Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report profiles the issue of youth violence: the history of its appearance in U.S. culture, the recent escalation of gang activity in U.S. communities, and the strategies put forth in smaller cities to meet this challenge. The report notes that there has been an explosion of gang violence in the United States that has been fostered by a…

Hamner, Carole J.

110

Expanding symmetric multiprocessor capability through gang scheduling  

SciTech Connect

Symmetric Multiprocessor (SMP) systems normally provide both space- sharing and time-sharing to insure high system utilization and good responsiveness. However the prevailing lack of concurrent scheduling for parallel programs precludes SMP use in addressing many large-scale problems. Tightly synchronized communications are impractical and normal time-sharing reduces the benefit of cache memory. Evidence gathered at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) indicates that gang scheduling can increase the capability of SMP systems and parallel program performance without adverse impact upon system utilization or responsiveness.

Jette, M.A.

1998-03-01

111

Understanding Gang Membership and Crime Victimization among Jail Inmates: Testing the Effects of Self-Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although previous research has examined factors related to gang membership and offending, research on the relationship between gangs and victimization is limited. The present study builds on previous research and examines gang membership, victimization, and self-control among 2,414 jail inmates. Results from self-report surveys indicate that gang

Fox, Kathleen A.; Lane, Jodi; Akers, Ronald L.

2013-01-01

112

Integrating seepage heterogeneity with the use of ganged seepage meters  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The usefulness of standard half-barrel seepage meters for measurement of fluxes between groundwater, and surface water is limited by the small bed area that each measurement represents and the relatively large associated labor costs. Standard half-barrel cylinders were ganged together to allow one measurement of the summed seepage through all of the meters, reducing labor cost and increasing the representative area of measurement. Comparisons of ganged versus individual-meter measurements at two lakes, under both inseepage and outseepage conditions, indicate little loss of efficiency resulting from routing seepage water through the ganging system. Differences between summed and ganged seepage rates were not significant for all but the fastest rates of seepage. At flow rates greater than about 250 mL min-1, ganged values were as low as 80% of summed values. Ganged-meter head losses also were calculated to determine their significance relative to hydraulic-head gradients measured at the field sites. The calculated reduction in hydraulic gradient beneath the seepage meters was significant only for the largest measured seepage rates. A calibration tank was used to determine single-meter and ganged-meter efficiencies compared to known seepage rates. Single-cylinder seepage meters required an average correction factor of 1.05 to convert measured to actual values, whereas the ganged measurements made in the tank required a larger correction factor of 1.14. Although manual measurements were used in these tests, the concept of ganging seepage cylinders also would be useful when used in conjunction with automated flowmeters. ?? 2005, by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.

Rosenberry, D.O.

2005-01-01

113

GANG INVOLVEMENT AND DELINQUENCY IN A MIDDLE SCHOOL POPUI,ATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between self-reported gang involvement and self-reported delinquency has been confirmed in a number of studies. However, there have been fewer studies of the relationship between self-reported gang in- volvement and officially recorded delinquency. This article examines varia- tion in self-reported gang involvement, operationalized as three distinct categories--no involvement, gang involvement but not membership, and gang membership--and its relation

G. DAVID CURRY; SCOTT H. DECKER; ARLEN EGLEY

2002-01-01

114

Geographical influences of an emerging network of gang rivalries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose an agent-based model to simulate the creation of street gang rivalries. The movement dynamics of agents are coupled to an evolving network of gang rivalries, which is determined by previous interactions among agents in the system. Basic gang data, geographic information, and behavioral dynamics suggested by the criminology literature are integrated into the model. The major highways, rivers, and the locations of gangs’ centers of activity influence the agents’ motion. We use a policing division of the Los Angeles Police Department as a case study to test our model. We apply common metrics from graph theory to analyze our model, comparing networks produced by our simulations and an instance of a Geographical Threshold Graph to the existing network from the criminology literature.

Hegemann, Rachel A.; Smith, Laura M.; Barbaro, Alethea B. T.; Bertozzi, Andrea L.; Reid, Shannon E.; Tita, George E.

2011-10-01

115

An Economic Analysis of a Drug-Selling Gang's Finances  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze a unique data set detailing the financial activities of a drug-selling street gang on a monthly basis over a four-year period in the recent past. The data, originally compiled by the gang leader to aid in managing the organization, contain detailed information on both the sources of revenues (e.g. drug sales, extortion) and expenditrues (e.g. costs of drugs

Steven D. Levitt; Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh

1998-01-01

116

Perceptions of Communication With Gay and Lesbian Family Members: Predictors of Relational Satisfaction and Implications for Outgroup Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates perceptions of family communication among members with different sexual identities. Specifically, from the perspective of heterosexual family members (N = 129), the study takes an intergroup perspective to determine how accommodative and non-accommodative communication and attitudes toward homosexuality predict intergroup anxiety and relational satisfaction with gay or lesbian family members. Further, the manner in which family communication influences attitudes

Jordan Soliz; Elizabeth Ribarsky; Meredith Marko Harrigan; Stacy Tye-Williams

2010-01-01

117

Atmospheric Radiation Measurment (ARM) Data from the Ganges Valley, India for the Ganges Valley Aerosol Experiment (GVAX)  

DOE Data Explorer

In 2011 and 2012, the Ganges Valley Aerosol Experiment (GVAX) began in the Ganges Valley region of India. The objective was to obtain measurements of clouds, precipitation, and complex aerosols to study their impact on cloud formation and monsoon activity in the region. During the Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) field studies, aerosols from the Ganges Valley region were shown to affect cloud formation and monsoon activity over the Indian Ocean. The complex field study used the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to measure radiative, cloud, convection, and aerosol characteristics over the mainland. The resulting data set captured pre-monsoon to post-monsoon conditions to establish a comprehensive baseline for advancements in the study of the effects of atmospheric conditions of the Ganges Valley.

118

Gangs in Garden City: How Immigration, Segregation, and Youth Violence Are Changing America’s Suburbs By Sarah Garland  

E-print Network

violence). The book’s humanization of gang violence and theBOOK REVIEW Gangs in Garden City: How Immigration, Segregation, and Youth Violencebook Gangs in the Garden City: How Immigration, Segregation and Youth Violence

Riggs, William

2011-01-01

119

The Development and Implications of Peer Emotional Support for Student Service Members/Veterans and Civilian College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student service members/veterans represent a growing population on college campuses. Despite this growth, scholarly investigations into their health- and adjustment-related issues are almost nonexistent. The limited research that is available suggests that student service members/veterans may have trouble connecting with their civilian…

Whiteman, Shawn D.; Barry, Adam E.; Mroczek, Daniel K.; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

2013-01-01

120

Traumatic death from rival gang violence in Rivers State, Nigeria.  

PubMed

A prospective autopsy study in Rivers State, Nigeria, was undertaken to evaluate the patterns of death as a result of rival gang clashes and to highlight the menace of rival gang violence. Between 1 January 1999 and 31 December 2003 medico-legally autopsied bodies in Rivers State, where death was the result of gang violence, were studied after being served with the coroner's form. In all cases, standard autopsy procedures were adopted and reports were issued. A total of 58 bodies were autopsied for the study. Three (5.2%) were females and 55 (94.8%) were males, giving a female to male ratio of 1:18.3. The age group of 10-29 years recorded the highest frequency of death (65.6%) with a peak in the age group 20-29 years (39.7%). Gang violence and politically motivated mob action were the most common precipitating factors (60.3% and 20.7% respectively). Firearms (41.4%) was the most common method applied for the killing. Death was more common in the rural areas of Rivers State. Gang clashes, volatile political rallies, illegal drug peddling and illegal oil bunkering should be banned and stringent laws be passed. Such laws should also cover gun handling and should be enforced. PMID:16302380

Seleye-Fubara, D; Bob-Yellowe, E

2005-10-01

121

Susceptibility of members of the family Legionellaceae to thermal stress: implications for heat eradication methods in water distribution systems.  

PubMed Central

To ascertain the feasibility of heat inactivation as an eradication method applicable to all members of the family Legionellaceae, we tested the heat resistance of 75 isolates which represented 19 members of this family of organisms. The ranges of thermal death times at 60, 70, and 80 degrees C were 1.3 to 10.6, 0.7 to 2.6, and 0.3 to 0.7 min, respectively. These data suggest that the method of heat eradication will be effective against all members of the family Legionellaceae. PMID:3752999

Stout, J E; Best, M G; Yu, V L

1986-01-01

122

Delinquent Gangs and Adolescent Victimization RevisitedA Propensity Score Matching Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescents in delinquent gangs are at risk for multiple forms of antisocial behavior and related negative outcomes, including victimization. Theoretical attempts to explain the delinquency-gang nexus include selection, facilitation, and enhancement models, but each has limitations in terms of selection biases. To redress this, the current study used propensity score matching (PSM) to evaluate the effects of gang membership on

Matt DeLisi; J. C. Barnes; Kevin M. Beaver; Chris L. Gibson

2009-01-01

123

Highlights of the 2004 National Youth Gang Survey. OJJDP Fact Sheet. FS-200601  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Annually since 1995, the National Youth Gang Center (NYGC) has conducted the National Youth Gang Survey (NYGS) of law enforcement agencies across the United States regarding the presences and characteristics of local gang problems. This Fact Sheet summarizes NYGS findings from the 2004 survey. The nationally representative sample included the…

Egley, Arlen, Jr.; Ritz, Christina E.

2006-01-01

124

A Comparison of Local and Gang Scheduling on a Beowulf Peter Strazdins*  

E-print Network

A Comparison of Local and Gang Scheduling on a Beowulf Cluster Peter Strazdins* and John Uhlmann://cs.anu.edu.au/ Peter.Strazdins/seminars#SchedBeowulf #12;Australian National University Cluster'04: Comparison of Local & Gang Scheduling on a Beowulf 1 1 Outline · introductory concepts for gang and local scheduling

Strazdins, Peter

125

In Gangs We Trust: A Close-Up of the New Induction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how the needs children are trying to meet through gang involvement are the same ones that societies meet with rites of passage. Although gang rituals are antisocial, the needs they meet for youth are healthy. Offers several strategies that can be used when working with youth involved in gangs. Urges educators to help youth develop…

Blankstein, Alan Meredith; Sandoval, Gilbert "Sandy"

1998-01-01

126

The Growth of Youth Gang Problems in the United States: 1970-98. OJJDP Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many decades communities have been troubled by the criminal activities of youth gangs. This report looks at almost 30 years of information collected on gang problems in nearly 4,000 communities. The number of localities reporting gang problems increased between the 1970s and the 1990s, representing a tenfold increase in the number of cities…

Miller, Walter B.

127

The Boulevard Ain't Safe for Your Kids . . .1Youth Gang Membership and Violent Victimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth gang membership has been linked to a variety of social ailments: delinquency, stigma, and, more recently, violent victimization. This essay examines the research on youth gang membership and violent victimization. Three main questions are examined: (a) What is known about the linkages between gang membership and violent victimization? (b) What use does this knowledge provide for prevention and intervention

Terrance J. Taylor

2008-01-01

128

Community-Based Gang Prevention and Intervention: An Evaluation of the Neutral Zone  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an assessment of the Neutral Zone, a community-based gang prevention and intervention program developed in Mountlake Terrace and now operating in several other Washington communities. The Neutral Zone offers youths at risk of joining a gang or already gang-affiliated an attractive and safe alternative for productively spending their time. An evaluation suggests that this late evening program

Quint C. Thurman; Andrew L. Giacomazzi; Michael D. Reisig; David G. Mueller

1996-01-01

129

Gangs: A Handbook for Teachers and Counselors Working with Immigrant Students. Publication No. GC-123.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides information about gangs for education professionals working with immigrants. As the introduction makes clear, gangs are one of the many problems that newly arrived immigrants face in their neighborhoods and at school in the United States. Following the introduction, the first section describes the types of gangs including…

Ponce, Ernest, Comp.

130

Performance characteristics of gang scheduling in multiprogrammed environments  

SciTech Connect

Gang scheduling provides both space-slicing and time-slicing of computer resources for parallel programs. Each thread of execution from a parallel job is concurrently scheduled on an independent processor in order to achieve an optimal level of program performance. Time-slicing of parallel jobs provides for better overall system responsiveness and utilization than otherwise possible. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has deployed three generations of its gang scheduler on a variety of computing platforms. Results indicate the potential benefits of this technology to parallel processing are no less significant than time-sharing was in the 1960`s.

Jette, M.A.

1997-11-01

131

Diagenesis and fracture development in the Bakken Formation, Williston Basin; implications for reservoir quality in the middle member  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The middle member of the Bakken Formation is an attractive petroleum exploration target in the deeper part of the Williston Basin because it is favorably positioned with respect to source and seal units. Progressive rates of burial and minor uplift and erosion of this member led to a stable thermal regime and, consequently, minor variations in diagenesis across much of the basin. The simple diagenetic history recorded in sandstones and siltstones in the middle member can, in part, be attributed to the closed, low-permeability nature of the Bakken petroleum system during most of its burial history. Most diagenesis ceased in the middle member when oil entered the sandstones and siltstones in the Late Cretaceous. Most oil in the Bakken Formation resides in open, horizontal fractures in the middle member. Core analysis reveals that sandstones and siltstones associated with thick mature shales typically have a greater density of fractures than sandstones and siltstones associated with thin mature shales. Fractures were caused by superlithostatic pressures that formed in response to increased fluid volumes in the source rocks during hydrocarbon generation

Pitman, Janet K.; Price, Leigh C.; LeFever, Julie A.

2001-01-01

132

Discipline and punish? Youth gangs' response to "zero-tolerance" policies in Honduras.  

PubMed

The response of youth gangs to "zero tolerance" policing in Honduras are examined with respect to territoriality. Focusing on two main gangs, the Mara Salvatrucha and the 18th Street Gang, the ways in which state authority is challenged are assessed from an analysis of body territoriality, the respatialisation of organisational structures across urban neighbourhoods, and the production of new enclosed spaces of gang territoriality. These redefinitions of group territoriality strengthen the emotional bonds and sense of belonging towards the gang, enabling the emergence of a transnational/imagined community. PMID:20830865

Rivera, Lirio Gutiérrez

2010-01-01

133

Motivations for Gang Membership in Lagos, Nigeria: Challenge and Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study explores the major challenges (in the form of risk factors) that may influence unemployed youths' involvement in gang and criminal activity in Lagos, Nigeria. A combination of techniques (e.g., oral, in-depth interviews, and questionnaires) were used for the data collection. The computed outcomes establish some of the major…

Salaam, Abeeb Olufemi

2011-01-01

134

Interagency Collaboration with High-Risk Gang Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the results of a study on interagency collaboration required to make major systemic changes in order to address the needs of emotionally and behaviorally disturbed youth. Interviews were conducted with practitioners from a cross-section of agencies that worked with high-risk gang youth. The intent was to examine both the…

Okamoto, Scott K.

135

PC PE PS PI SPM GangChol  

E-print Network

PC PE PS PI SPM GangChol TM1 TM2GPI Acyl Raft 1 Raft 2 Lipid rafts are localized regions invaginations that are coated with the cholesterol-binding protein caveolin, are a subset of lipid rafts. The acyl groups of the phospholipids present in lipid rafts and caveolae are more highly saturated than

Pike, Linda J.

136

Positive selection, molecular recombination structure and phylogenetic reconstruction of members of the family Tombusviridae: Implication in virus taxonomy  

PubMed Central

A detailed study of putative recombination events and their evolution frequency in the whole genome of the currently known members of the family Tombusviridae, comprising 79 accessions retrieved from the international databases, was carried out by using the RECCO and RDP version 3.31? algorithms. The first program allowed the detection of potential recombination sites in seven out of eight virus genera (Aureusvirus, Avenavirus, Carmovirus, Dianthovirus, Necrovirus, Panicovirus, and Tombusvirus), the second program provided the same results except for genus Dianthovirus. On the other hand, both methods failed to detect recombination breakpoints in the genome of members of genus Machlomovirus. Furthermore, based on Fisher’s Exact Test of Neutrality, positive selection exerted on protein-coding genes was detected in 17 accession pairs involving 15 different lineages. Except genera Machlomovirus, and Panicovirus along with unclassified Tombusviridae, all the other taxonomical genera and the unassigned Tombusviridae encompassed representatives under positive selection. The evolutionary history of all members of the Tombusviridae family showed that they segregated into eight distinct groups corresponding to the eight genera which constitute this family. The inferred phylogeny reshuffled the classification currently adopted by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. A reclassification was proposed. PMID:22215970

Boulila, Moncef

2011-01-01

137

Scaling Analysis of the Ganges-Brahmaputra River Discharge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we characterize the scaling properties of the Ganges-Brahmaputra river discharge. Using 50 years (1950-2000) of in situ measurements of daily discharge at Hardinge (for the Ganges) and Bahadurabad (for the Brahmaputra), we first establish that there is no obvious evidence of the impact of climate change on the discharge of either river; specifically, we find that there is no significant change in the discharge seasonal cycle nor in the variance of their subseasonal fluctuations. Having established weak second order stationarity, we analyse and show that there exists a power-law scaling between 2 days and 60 days for both rivers' normalized discharge fluctuations. The utility of this type of scale-invariance will be illustrated with a temporal disaggregation model, which relates small-scale to large-scale variability (by just a ratio of scales) and enables us to disaggregate 10-day or 35-day discharge estimates from satellite altimetry to the daily scale.

Arulraj, Malarvizhi; Venugopal, V.; Papa, Fabrice; Bala, Sujit K.

2014-05-01

138

Is Autism a Member of a Family of Diseases Resulting from Genetic/Cultural Mismatches? Implications for Treatment and Prevention  

PubMed Central

Several lines of evidence support the view that autism is a typical member of a large family of immune-related, noninfectious, chronic diseases associated with postindustrial society. This family of diseases includes a wide range of inflammatory, allergic, and autoimmune diseases and results from consequences of genetic/culture mismatches which profoundly destabilize the immune system. Principle among these consequences is depletion of important components, particularly helminths, from the ecosystem of the human body, the human biome. Autism shares a wide range of features in common with this family of diseases, including the contribution of genetics/epigenetics, the identification of disease-inducing triggers, the apparent role of immunity in pathogenesis, high prevalence, complex etiologies and manifestations, and potentially some aspects of epidemiology. Fortunately, using available resources and technology, modern medicine has the potential to effectively reconstitute the human biome, thus treating or even avoiding altogether the consequences of genetic/cultural mismatches which underpin this entire family of disease. Thus, if indeed autism is an epidemic of postindustrial society associated with immune hypersensitivity, we can expect that the disease is readily preventable. PMID:22928103

Bilbo, Staci D.; Jones, John P.; Parker, William

2012-01-01

139

Youth, gangs and violence: Analysing the social and spatial mobility of young people in Guatemala City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth gangs have become an increasingly significant, and controversial, social institution in low-income communities in many cities in Central America, and yet the local-level impacts of this phenomenon, especially on young people, remain under-explored. Drawing on research with young people in Guatemala City, this paper explores the multiple barriers to the social and spatial mobility of both gang and non-gang

Ailsa Winton

2005-01-01

140

Prisoners’ gang-related activity: the importance of bullying and moral disengagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gang-related activity can have a significant impact on the effective management of prisons in the UK, yet little is known about the characteristics of the prisoners involved. In this study, 141 adult male prisoners’ gang-related activity was examined in relation to their bullying behaviour and use of moral disengagement. Results showed that prisoners most involved in gang-related activity were likely

Jane Wood; Alice Moir; Mark James

2009-01-01

141

Union Members Are Community Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unions serve their members' interests. But union members are also community members, and their interests go well beyond increasing pay and benefits. A local union president has found that his members are best served by participating in a community-wide coalition. Providing eyeglasses to needy students, promoting healthy eating, and increasing…

Gray, David

2013-01-01

142

Evaluating G.R.E.A.T.: A School-Based Gang Prevention Program. Research for Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Few rigorous evaluations have been conducted on gang prevention programs. But one, a careful 5-year longitudinal evaluation, shows that Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) has modest positive effects on adolescents' attitudes and delinquen...

2004-01-01

143

Ganges Valley Aerosol Experiment: Science and Operations Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Ganges Valley region is one of the largest and most rapidly developing sections of the Indian subcontinent. The Ganges River, which provides the region with water needed for sustaining life, is fed primarily by snow and rainfall associated with Indian summer monsoons. Impacts of changes in precipitation patterns, temperature, and the flow of the snow-fed rivers can be immense. Recent satellite-based measurements have indicated that the upper Ganges Valley has some of the highest persistently observed aerosol optical depth values. The aerosol layer covers a vast region, extending across the Indo-Gangetic Plain to the Bay of Bengal during the winter and early spring of each year. The persistent winter fog in the region is already a cause of much concern, and several studies have been proposed to understand the economic, scientific, and societal dimensions of this problem. During the INDian Ocean EXperiment (INDOEX) field studies, aerosols from this region were shown to affect cloud formation and monsoon activity over the Indian Ocean. This is one of the few regions showing a trend toward increasing surface dimming and enhanced mid-tropospheric warming. Increasing air pollution over this region could modify the radiative balance through direct, indirect, and semi-indirect effects associated with aerosols. The consequences of aerosols and associated pollution for surface insolation over the Ganges Valley and monsoons, in particular, are not well understood. The proposed field study is designed for use of (1) the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to measure relevant radiative, cloud, convection, and aerosol optical characteristics over mainland India during an extended period of 9–12 months and (2) the G-1 aircraft and surface sites to measure relevant aerosol chemical, physical, and optical characteristics in the Ganges Valley during a period of 6–12 weeks. The aerosols in this region have complex sources, including burning of coal, biomass, and biofuels; automobile emissions; and dust. The extended AMF deployment will enable measurements under different regimes of the climate and aerosol abundance—in the wet monsoon period with low aerosol loading; in the dry, hot summer with aerosols dispersed throughout the atmospheric column; and in the cool, dry winter with aerosols confined mostly to the boundary later and mid-troposphere. Each regime, in addition, has its own distinct radiative and atmospheric dynamic drivers. The aircraft operational phase will assist in characterizing the aerosols at times when they have been observed to be at the highest concentrations. A number of agencies in India will collaborate with the proposed field study and provide support in terms of planning, aircraft measurements, and surface sites. The high concentration of aerosols in the upper Ganges Valley, together with hypotheses involving several possible mechanisms with direct impacts on the hydrologic cycle of the region, gives us a unique opportunity to generate data sets that will be useful both in understanding the processes at work and in providing answers regarding the effects of aerosols on climate in a region where the perturbation is the highest.

Kotamarthi, VR

2010-06-21

144

Taking Back the Streets ICE and Local Law Enforcement Target Immigrant Gangs  

Microsoft Academic Search

mmigration law enforcement has been a key ingredient contributing to the success of criminal gang suppres- sion efforts in many jurisdictions across the United States. Since 2005, the Bureau of Immigration and Cus - toms Enforcement (ICE) has arrested more than 8,000 gangsters from more than 700 different gangs as part of a special initiative known as Operation Community Shield.

Jessica M. Vaughan; Jon D. Feere

145

Clinical Assessment of Gang Violence Risk Through History and Physical Exam  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Primary-care clinicians can assess gang involvement and gang violence risk during the routine history and physical exam. This paper forwards a model for history and risk assessment. The objective of creating the model was to develop a practical prototype for clinicians to use in this assessment. The history and physical exam variables were determined by a study of the etiology

Delfi Mondragon

1995-01-01

146

Clinical Assessment of Gang Violence Risk Through History and Physical Exam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary-care clinicians can assess gang involvement and gang violence risk during the routine history and physical exam. This paper forwards a model for history and risk assessment. The objective of creating the model was to develop a practical prototype for clinicians to use in this assessment. The history and physical exam variables were determined by a study of the etiology

1995-01-01

147

Analytics for Gang Scheduling Railway tracks wear down and thus need to be constantly maintained.  

E-print Network

such as salary and travel allowance to indirect costs consisting primarily of the impact to operational to visually compare various solutions by displaying on a geographical map all maintenance jobs together with the flow of gangs. For the majority of the railways, the development of a gang schedule is a tedious, labor

Bustamante, Fabián E.

148

Always Running. La Vida Loca: Gang Days in L.A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This autobiographical narrative describes the early life of Luis J. Rodriguez, a journalist and poet who was immersed in the youth gang culture of Los Angeles (California). Framed by the story of the pull of the gang life for the poet's son, it recounts his experiences from his childhood on the United States-Mexico border through his family's…

Rodriguez, Luis J.

149

Gangkill: An Exploratory Empirical Assessment of Gang Membership, Homicide Offending, and Prison Misconduct  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extant research indicates that inmates with street gang history are prone for prison misconduct but that inmates convicted of homicide offenses are less likely to be noncompliant. No research has explored the interaction between street gang history and homicide offending. Based on official infraction data from 1,005 inmates selected from the…

Drury, Alan J.; DeLisi, Matt

2011-01-01

150

A Synthesis of Research on Home, School, and Community Collaboration To Keep Children from Joining Gangs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some models for collaboration among families, schools, law enforcement, and social agencies, which promote gang awareness and prevention of gang involvement at the elementary and middle school levels, are described in this research review. The studies were grouped into three categories: background information, prevention strategies, and…

Mullis, Lelia Christie

151

Gang Rape in Sydney: Crime, the Media, Politics, Race and Sentencing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2001 and 2002, print, radio and television gave extensive coverage to a series of gang rapes in Bankstown and other suburbs of south-west Sydney. The coverage attacked the laxity and inefficiency of the criminal justice system and immigration policy. It fuelled public fears about increases in crime in particular areas and fear of “ethnic gangs” and racially-motivated crime. The

Kate Warner

2004-01-01

152

Mouths of the Hooghly and Ganges Rivers, India  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mouths of the Hooghly and Ganges Rivers, India (22.0N, 89.0E) merge to form a delta or marshland at the Bay of Bengal. The dark toned area just behind the coast is a mangrove swamp where the salt water tolerant plants form a thick entanglement of roots to trap and retain riverborne sediments. The city of Calcutta on the Hooghly is above the delta and the adjacent area is some of the most densly populated agricultural areas of the world.

1983-01-01

153

Reality check. Evaluating a school-based gang prevention model.  

PubMed

The Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program is a school-based gang prevention initiative developed in 1991 through the collaborative efforts of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, and the Phoenix Police Department. Uniformed law enforcement officers, certified as G.R.E.A.T. instructors, teach the 9-week curriculum to middle students. In 1994, the National Institute of Justice funded a national evaluation of the G.R.E.A.T. program. The process evaluation component of this larger study is reported. First, results of on-site observations of the G.R.E.A.T. Officer Training program, including an overview of the training activities, and the authors' assessment of the training process are reported. Second, observations of the implementation of the program by officers at six sites are reported. Of primary concern was whether the program delivered to students was similar to the program taught to the officers during the G.R.E.A.T. Officer Training. PMID:10186895

Sellers, C S; Taylor, T J; Esbensen, F A

1998-10-01

154

Suspended sediment transport in the Ganges-Brahmaputra River System, Bangladesh  

E-print Network

An examination of suspended sediment concentrations throughout the Ganges-Brahmaputra River System was conducted to assess the spatial variability of river sediment in the world’s largest sediment dispersal system. During the high-discharge monsoon...

Rice, Stephanie Kimberly

2009-05-15

155

Targeted Outreach: Boys and Girls Clubs of America's Approach to Gang Prevention and Intervention  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Commissioned by the Boys and Girls Clubs of America (BGCA) and underwritten by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and the Pinkerton Foundation, the scholarly study offers readers an inside look at two approaches to reducing youth involvement in gangs -- a clear catalyst of violent crime among teens. Focusing on Gang Prevention Through Targeted Outreach (GPTTO) and Gang Intervention Through Targeted Outreach (GITTO), the report clearly illustrates the need for and benefits of proactive, community-based programs for at-risk populations. Arguing that both intervention and prevention programs are essential, the authors of the report examine the success of such approaches in a broad cross section of metropolitan settings. Far from controversial, the report concludes that youth can escape the gang-related cycles of violence and criminality if alternatives exist and other people are there for them.

Arbreton, Amy J.; Mcclanahan, Wendy S.

2002-01-01

156

Putting in Work: Qualitative Research on Substance Use and Other Risk Behaviors Among Gang Youth in Los Angeles  

PubMed Central

Gang youth are notoriously difficult to access for research purposes. Despite this difficulty, qualitative research about substance use among gang youth is important because research indicates that such youth use more substances than their nongang peers. This manuscript discusses how a small sample of gang youth (n = 60) in Los Angeles was accessed and interviewed during a National Institute of Drug Abuse-funded pilot study on substance use and other risk behaviors. Topics discussed include the rationale and operationalization of the research methodology, working with community-based organizations, and the recruitment of different gang youth with varying levels of substance use. PMID:20222782

Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson-Bloom, Jennifer

2011-01-01

157

Colossal Magnetoresistance in Perovskite Oxides II Gang Xiao, Chairman Giant magnetoresistance induced by spin-correlation scattering  

E-print Network

Colossal Magnetoresistance in Perovskite Oxides II Gang Xiao, Chairman Giant magnetoresistance that these proposed mechanisms do not provide a satisfactory answer. The double exchange and magnetic polaron transfer

Gong, Xingao

158

Uranium removal during low discharge in the Ganges-Brahmaputra mixing zone  

SciTech Connect

The Ganges-Brahmaputra river system supplies more dissolved uranium to the ocean than any other system in the world (Sarin et al., 1990; Sackett et al., 1973). However, there have been no investigations to determine whether riverine supplies of uranium are altered by geochemical reactions in the river-ocean mixing zone. In this study, uranium and salinity data were collected in the Ganges-Brahmaputra mixing zone during a period of low river discharge. The uranium distribution with salinity shows that in waters <12 ppt salinity, uranium activities are significantly lower than predicted from conservative mixing of river and seawater. This suggests that uranium is being removed within the mixing zone. The behavior of uranium in the Ganges-Brahmaputra is in sharp contrast to its behavior in the Amazon mixing zone where McKee et al. (1978) found uranium activities significantly higher than predicted from conservative mixing. The contrasting behaviors for uranium in these systems are due to the different locations where mixing between river and seawater occurs. For the Amazon, mixing takes place on the continental shelf whereas for the Ganges-Brahmaputra, mixing occurs within shoreline sedimentary environments. The physiochemical processes controlling uranium removal to sediment deposits in the Amazon are partly known. The authors discuss mechanisms which may be removing uranium to suspended and mangrove sediments in the Ganges-Brahmaputra.

Carroll, J.; Moore, W.S. (Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States))

1993-11-01

159

Murder by structure: dominance relations and the social structure of gang homicide.  

PubMed

Most sociological theories consider murder an outcome of the differential distribution of individual, neighborhood, or social characteristics. And while such studies explain variation in aggregate homicide rates, they do not explain the social order of murder, that is, who kills whom, when, where, and for what reason. This article argues that gang murder is best understood not by searching for its individual determinants but by examining the social networks of action and reaction that create it. In short, the social structure of gang murder is defined by the manner in which social networks are constructed and by people's placement in them. The author uses a network approach and incident-level homicide records to recreate and analyze the structure of gang murders in Chicago. Findings demonstrate that individual murders between gangs create an institutionalized network of group conflict, net of any individual's participation or motive. Within this network, murders spread through an epidemic-like process of social contagion as gangs evaluate the highly visible actions of others in their local networks and negotiate dominance considerations that arise during violent incidents. PMID:19852186

Papachristos, Andrew V

2009-07-01

160

Comparing the impact of leader–member exchange, psychological empowerment and affective commitment upon Australian public and private sector nurses: implications for retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses Leader–Member Exchange (LMX) theory to test the associations between the supervisor–subordinate relationship, psychological empowerment and affective commitment amongst 1283 nurses working in Australian public and private hospitals. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected, analysed and presented. The findings show that the quality of LMX is more important in public sector nursing contexts than in the private

Yvonne Brunetto; Kate Shacklock; Timothy Bartram; Sandra G. Leggat; Rod Farr-Wharton; Pauline Stanton; Gian Casimir

2012-01-01

161

Comparing the impact of leader–member exchange, psychological empowerment and affective commitment upon Australian public and private sector nurses: implications for retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses Leader–Member Exchange (LMX) theory to test the associations between the supervisor–subordinate relationship, psychological empowerment and affective commitment amongst 1283 nurses working in Australian public and private hospitals. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected, analysed and presented. The findings show that the quality of LMX is more important in public sector nursing contexts than in the private

Yvonne Brunetto; Kate Shacklock; Timothy Bartram; Sandra G. Leggat; Rod Farr-Wharton; Pauline Stanton; Gian Casimir

2011-01-01

162

Underwater behavioral study of Ganges river dolphins by using echolocation clicks recorded by 6hydrophone array system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Targeting the 9 Ganges river dolphins inhabiting the Narora area in Ganges river system, the first recordings using an compact acoustic observation system, which consists of a high frequency 6-hydorophone cross array connected with a PC on land-base by a wireless LAN system have been carried out during 17 to 21 February 2008. The system also uses the prototype of

Harumi Sugimatsu; Tamaki Ura; Junichi Kojima; Rajendar Bahl; Sandeep Behera

2008-01-01

163

Public School UniformsEffect on Perceptions of Gang Presence, School Climate, and Student Self-Perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempts to clarify the relationships between public school uniforms and some of their intended results: student self-worth and student and staff perceptions of gang presence and school climate. The instruments used in the study included a questionnaire on gang presence and identity, the National Association of School Principals Comprehensive Assessment of School Environments, and the Harter Self-Perception Profile

Kathleen Kiley Wade; Mary E. Stafford

2003-01-01

164

Navigating the Thin Line between Education and Incarceration: An Action Research Case Study on Gang-Associated Latino Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines data collected from an ethnographic research project conducted with 56 gang-associated Latino youths ages 15 to 21 from 2007 to 2009. The objectives of the study were to examine how poor Latino gang-associated youths perceived schooling and policing and to find out if the research process could promote educational aspirations…

Rios, Victor M.

2010-01-01

165

Brotherhood or Brothers in the "Hood"? Debunking the "Educated Gang" Thesis as Black Fraternity and Sorority Slander  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author explores the controversial thesis that African American Collegiate Fraternities and Sororities, also known as Black Greek Letter Organizations (BGLOs), are "educated gangs". First, the author examines this polemic as a "truth claim" and compares BGLOs and gangs through: (1) hazing; (2) rape and substance abuse; (3)…

Hughey, Matthew W.

2008-01-01

166

Enabling Prosecutors To Address Drug, Gang, and Youth Violence. Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants (JAIBG) Program Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin offers data on recent trends in juvenile violence, juvenile drug offenses, and gang-related juvenile offending, and describes prosecutorial responses to such offenses. Examples of promising prosecutor-led programs combating the illicit use of guns, violence, drugs, and gangs are also provided. These examples provide a range of ideas…

Gramckow, Heike P.; Tompkins, Elena

167

Evaluation and Evolution of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program is a gang- and delinquency-prevention program delivered by law enforcement officers within a school setting. Originally designed in 1991 by Phoenix-area law enforcement agencies to address local needs, the program quickly spread across the United States. In this article, we describe…

Esbensen, Finn-Aage; Peterson, Dana; Taylor, Terrance J.; Freng, Adrienne; Osgood, D. Wayne; Carson, Dena C.; Matsuda, Kristy N.

2011-01-01

168

Young Mother (in the) Hood: Gang Girls' Negotiation of New Identities  

PubMed Central

This article examines the experiences of young women in street gangs who become mothers. Drawing on qualitative interviews with 65 young women in the San Francisco, CA, Bay Area, we examine their narratives about the transition to motherhood. In particular, we focus on the ways these young women negotiate femininities and attempt to reconcile their identities as young mothers and gang girls—both stigmatized identities. For many of the young women, motherhood entails a retreat from the street and a renewed emphasis on time spent in the home. While many receive (financial and childcare) support from their families, this also often means a diminution of the autonomy they experienced while more heavily involved in the gang. Issues of respect and respectability remain important for the young women, but the dimensions on which these are based change. PMID:21116461

Moloney, Molly; Joe-Laidler, Karen; McKenzie, Kathleen

2010-01-01

169

Weapon carrying, physical fighting and gang membership among youth in washington state military families.  

PubMed

To examine associations between parental military service and school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership among youth. We used cross-sectional data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey collected in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades of public schools (n = 9,987). Parental military service was categorized as none (reference group), without combat zone deployment, or deployed to a combat zone. Multivariable logistic regression was used to test associations between parental military service and three outcomes: school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership. Standard errors were adjusted for the complex survey design. In 8th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting gang membership (OR = 1.8) among girls, and higher odds of physical fighting (OR = 1.6), and gang membership (OR = 1.9) among boys. In 10th/12th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting physical fighting (OR = 2.0) and gang membership (OR = 2.2) among girls, and physical fighting (OR = 2.0), carrying a weapon (OR = 2.3) among boys. Parental military deployment is associated with increased odds of reporting engagement in school-based physical fighting, school-based weapon carrying, and gang membership, particularly among older youth. Military, school, and public health professionals have a unique, collaborative opportunity to develop school- and community-based interventions to prevent violence-related behaviors among youth and, ultimately, improve the health and safety of youth in military families. Ideally, such programs would target families and youth before they enter eighth grade. PMID:24463984

Reed, Sarah C; Bell, Janice F; Edwards, Todd C

2014-10-01

170

The Merry-Go-Round of Youth Gangs: The Failure of the U.S. Immigration Removal Policy and the False Outsourcing of Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States’ policy of deporting noncitizen criminals to their countries of origin is fueling a proliferation of gang membership both in Central America and in the United States. Deportation does not deter gang activity but instead helps to facilitate the transnational movement of youth gangs. Rather than continue this failed approach, this Comment proposes that the United States work

Jonah M Temple

2011-01-01

171

A casein kinase I motif present in the cytoplasmic domain of members of the tumour necrosis factor ligand family is implicated in 'reverse signalling'.  

PubMed Central

We have identified a putative signalling feature of the cytoplasmic domains of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) family members based on available amino acid sequence data. A casein kinase I (CKI) consensus sequence is conserved in the cytoplasmic domain of six of 15 members of the type II integral membrane TNF ligand family. We examined the phosphorylation state of transmembrane tumour necrosis factor-alpha (mTNF) with [32P]orthophosphate labelling and in vitro kinase assays, in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. A dimeric form of the type I soluble TNF receptor (sTNFR) was found to dephosphorylate mTNF. This effect could be prevented by treatment with phosphatase inhibitors. Recombinant CKI was able to phosphorylate mTNF that had been dephosphorylated by sTNFR ligation in vivo, and this was less effective if phosphatase inhibitors had been used to prevent mTNF dephosphorylation. A mutated form of mTNF, lacking the CKI recognition site, cannot be phosphorylated by the enzyme. Binding of sTNFR to mTNF induced an increase in intracellular calcium levels in RAW264.7 cells, implying the presence of an associated signalling pathway. We predict that this CKI motif is phosphorylated in other TNF ligand members, and that it represents a new insight into the mechanism of 'reverse signalling' in this cytokine family. PMID:10205166

Watts, A D; Hunt, N H; Wanigasekara, Y; Bloomfield, G; Wallach, D; Roufogalis, B D; Chaudhri, G

1999-01-01

172

Location-aware gang graffiti acquisition and browsing on a mobile device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we describe a mobile-based system that allows first responders to identify and track gang graffiti by combining the use of image analysis and location-based-services. The gang graffiti image and metadata (geoposition, date and time) obtained automatically are transferred to a server and uploaded to a database of graffiti images. The database can then be queried with the matched results sent back to the mobile device where the user can then review the results and provide extra inputs to refine the information.

Parra, Albert; Boutin, Mireille; Delp, Edward J.

2012-02-01

173

Layered Deposits on the floor of Ganges Chasma  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

(Released 29 March 2002) The Science The Story These layered deposits are located on the floor of a large canyon called Ganges Chasma which is a part of the Valles Marineris. Dramatic layering can be seen throughout the deposit. Different styles of erosion are manifest in these different layers and at different locations within the layered material. For example, the southern portion of these deposits have a pronounced fluting, whereas in other areas the same layers are more intact. Relatively dark dunes and sand sheets can be observed surrounding the relatively brighter layered material in the upper right and lower portions of the image. Darker material also appears to mantle select areas of the layered deposits. The formation of the dunes is influenced by topography; this influence is best illustrated in the upper left of the image where a small hillock has interfered with the local wind flow. Impact craters of all sizes are noticeably absent in this image, indicating a relatively young age for this surface. This image is approximately 22 km wide and 60 km in length; north is toward the top. The Story If this wonderfully textured landform were on Earth, it would have to be designated as a 'national park,' much like the popular canyon parklands of the American Southwest. Look for the oblong plateau at the center right of this image, and see how the terrain descends from it on all sides. The southerly canyon wall (bottom third of the image) displays a visually beautiful canyon slope, with descending erosional flutes that cut pathways through the differently hued rock and mineral layers. While the northern side of the plateau might not look as dramatic, don't miss the dark-colored sand dunes that lie at the base of the canyon. Why did they form in just that place? To find out, look for the small hillock in the top left of the image that has interfered with the wind's flow, causing the ripply dunes to form. With so many interesting and physically stunning features, this spot will no doubt attract eager Mars tourists some day far in the future.

2002-01-01

174

Some 200 women gang-raped near Congo UN base By MICHELLE FAUL  

E-print Network

Some 200 women gang-raped near Congo UN base By MICHELLE FAUL The Associated Press-raped nearly 200 women and some baby boys over four days within miles of a U.N. peacekeepers' base allegations of the rape of at least 154 women by combatants from the Rwandan rebel FDLR group and Congolese

175

A comparison of local and gang scheduling on a Beowulf cluster  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gang Scheduling and related techniques are widely be- lieved to be necessary for efficient job scheduling on dis- tributed memory parallel computers. This is hecause they minimize context switching overheads and permit the paral- lel job currently running to progress at the fastest possible rate. Howevec in the case of cluster computers, and panicu- larly those with COTS networks, these

Peter E. Strazdins; John Uhlmann

2004-01-01

176

NEWS THEMES AND ETHNIC IDENTITY: LOS ANGELES TIMES NEWS REPORTS OF VIETNAMESE, BLACK, AND HISPANIC GANGS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The news media and popular culture inform public perceptions of social problems and issues. This paper examines how Vietnamese, black, and Hispanic gang activities are presented by Los AngelesTimes reporters. Qualitative content analysis of a theoretical sample of reports over a several year period indicates that Vietnamese youthful offenses are more likely to be \\

John Eyres; David L. Altheide

177

Climatic variation and runoff from partially-glacierised Himalayan tributary basins of the Ganges  

E-print Network

Sciences, University of Salford, Manchester M5 4WT, UK b Climatic Change and Climate Impacts, Institute to the Ganges, with a view to assessing impacts of climatic fluctuations on year-to-year variations of runoff in Nepal and at Khab in the adjacent Sutlej basin. Strengths of climate­runoff relationships were assessed

Stoffel, Markus

178

Behavior Modification in the Treatment and Prevention of Inter-Barrio Gang Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A nomothetic assessment of the drive-by shooting in inter-barrio gang violence was conducted. Available data on drive-by shootings were organized using the model of behavioral assessment suggested by Kanfer and Saslow (1969). The model included seven areas of analysis: initial assessment, clarification of the problem, motivation, development,…

Hunsaker, Alan

179

Coffeyville, Kansas: The Town That Stopped the Dalton Gang. Teaching with Historic Places.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By 1890 the legendary outlaws of the 1870s and 1880s were mostly dead or in prison. When Luther Perkins erected his new bank building in Coffeyville, Kansas, a bank robbery was the farthest thing from his mind. But the Dalton cousins, former Coffeyville residents, were interested in the bank because they wanted to outdo the James gang by using the…

Hunter, Kathleen

180

Paradoxical Outcomes in an Educational Drama about Gang Rape: Ethical Responsibilities of Practitioners and Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational drama has been embraced as a promising way to address sensitive and highly-charged issues among youth. An Israeli drama, "Backyard Games", about gang rape, based on an actual case in a kibbutz [a communal settlement] called Shomrat, is considered the definitive work on the subject in Israeli theatre. Written by Edna Mazya and directed…

Gesser-Edelsburg, Anat

2005-01-01

181

Machine Learning for Semi-Automated Gameplay Analysis Finnegan Southey, Robert Holte, Gang Xiao, Mark Trommelen  

E-print Network

Machine Learning for Semi-Automated Gameplay Analysis Finnegan Southey, Robert Holte, Gang Xiao analysis intended to support and augment the work of game designers, collecting and summarizing gameplay are intelligently chosen to verify uncertain conclusions and refine the analysis. Game designers can examine

Holte, Robert

182

Advantages of Group Therapy for Adolescent Participants in the Same Gang Rape  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with the issue of including in the same therapeutic group in a prison setting two (or more) young people who participated in the same gang rape. We provide a background for group therapy with adolescent sex offenders and point out the characteristics of group rape. In addition, we describe the uniqueness of working in a prison as…

Etgar, Talia; Prager, Keren Ganot

2009-01-01

183

"American" Abjection: "Chicanos," Gangs, and Mexican/Migrant Transnationality in Chicago  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crime and street violence often evoke racialized discourses about urban space. In this ethnographic research in Chicago, however, the disdain that many Mexican migrants articulated about street gangs principally concerned issues "internal" to the Mexican/Chicano community, notably a profound ambivalence about U.S.-born Mexicans and a highly…

De Genova, Nicholas

2008-01-01

184

Trends and persistence in precipitation in the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna river basins  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna (GBM) river basins occupy about 1.75 x 10 6 km2 of the Himalayan region. More than half a billion people in Nepal, India, Bhutan and Bangladesh are directly or indirectly dependent on the water resources of the GBM rivers. These river basins are characterized by diversified climatic patterns. Analyses of trends and persistence in precipitation

M. Q. MIRZA; R. A. WARRICK; N. J. ERICKSEN; G. J. KENNY

1999-01-01

185

The Maximum Quantum Yield Controversy Otto Warburg and the "Midwest-Gang"  

E-print Network

The Maximum Quantum Yield Controversy Otto Warburg and the "Midwest-Gang" Available at http Emerson at the University of Illinois (Urbana) and Otto Warburg in Germany. Nickelsen and Govindjee (a, except for Warburg, had backgrounds mainly in the physical sciences. Unlike microbiologists, they were

Govindjee

186

City Life and Delinquency-Victimization, Fear of Crime and Gang Membership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 500 black and 500 white boys born in 1957 and attending Philadelphia schools were interviewed along with their mothers. The data were analyzed to discover how educational aspirations, social values, quality of life, fear of crime, victimization, family structure, father-son interaction, social attachments, and gang affiliation affected the…

Savitz, Leonard D.; And Others

187

Cleaning of Auction Data for Bidding Decision Shu-Gang Han and Chia-Hui Chang  

E-print Network

1 Cleaning of Auction Data for Bidding Decision Shu-Gang Han and Chia-Hui Chang Dept. of Computer@db.csie.ncu.edu.tw chia@csie.ncu.edu.tw ABSTRACT Bidding for products on the Internet has become a common activity in our

Chang, Chia-Hui

188

Condensing Effect of Palmitic Acid on DPPC in Mixed Langmuir Gang Ma and Heather C. Allen*  

E-print Network

Condensing Effect of Palmitic Acid on DPPC in Mixed Langmuir Monolayers Gang Ma and Heather C in the liquid-expanded and condensed phases is explored. A condensing effect of PA on DPPC is observed with VSFG ordering of DPPC chains and causes DPPC to transition from the expanded phase into the condensed phase

189

Golden Chain Members Member Induction Graduation  

E-print Network

Golden Chain Members Member Induction Graduation Uke Koonce 1929 1930 C.L. Clark 1930 1931 Johnny Members Jimmy Deas 1946 1947 Marshall Propst 1948 1948 Jim Ferrell 1980 1954 (PhD) Frank Seely 1981 1938

Velev, Orlin D.

190

Clumped Isotopes, trace elements, and ?18O of stromatolites from the Laney Member of the Green River Formation (Eocene): Implications for paleoenvironments during the Eocene Climatic Optimum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Green River Formation, a large lacustrine deposit located across parts of Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming, was deposited during the Eocene Climatic Optimum (~50 Ma), a period of sustained high temperatures and high atmospheric CO2 levels that may provide a geologic analog for future climate scenarios. Large variations in basin hydrology, water chemistry, and paleotemperatures occurring on time scales of tens of thousands of years or longer have been documented in the sedimentary record. Here, we use stromatolites to investigate much finer-scale resolution of paleoenvironmental changes in the Green River Formation and paleo-Lake Gosiute. We studied the lower LaClede Bed, the base of the Laney Member of the Green River Formation, comprised of cyclic layers of oil shale and carbonate. The lower LaClede Bed represents the filling of the lake following an extended period of closure during deposition of the underlying Wilkins Peak Member. To characterize fluctuations in water chemistry and lake level at greater temporal resolution, we conducted micro-stratigraphic and chemostratigraphic analyses on 24 distinct mm-scale laminae in a single 10 cm carbonate stromatolite bed, including ?13C, ?18O, and trace elemental analyses (Mg, Mn, Fe, Si, K, Na, Al, Sr). Sub-cm-scale correlations between petrographic analyses, elemental composition, and carbonate ?13C and ?18O suggest that this stromatolite records both hydrologically-closed and -open periods in the history of Lake Gosiute. During periods of apparent basin closure, we used two models to investigate lake volume change: 1) a Rayleigh distillation model of water evaporation to estimate lake depth variations and 2) a conservative ion model based on Na incorporation into the stromatolites. In both models, lake depth fluctuated by up to 8 m; this represents up to 40km of shoreline change in Lake Gosiute during the deposition of this stromatolite layer. Interestingly, the modern Great Salt Lake experienced similar fluctuations since 1700 AD, with over 100 km of shoreline shift. Clumped isotope analyses were performed on 8 carbonate beds found at the LaClede site to characterize the temperatures during deposition. Temperatures from the stromatolites and other lacustrine phases fell between 21.0 and 32.5 ×1.3°C, whereas a pedogenically-modified sample was higher (41×2.6°C), consistent with paleo-floral temperature estimates for the region. This research was conducted during the 2013 International GeoBiology Summer Course.

Corsetti, F. A.; Miller, H. M.; Asangba, A. E.; Johannessen, K. C.; Wang, D. T.; Petryshyn, V. A.; Tripati, A.; Shapiro, R. S.

2013-12-01

191

Implications of high-/low-context communication for target audience member interpretation of messages in the Nimechill abstinence campaign in Nairobi, Kenya.  

PubMed

Although it ran on multiple mass media for the better part of a year, end line evaluation of the Nimechill youth abstinence campaign in Kenya indicated that exposure to the campaign had no relationship to youth decisions to defer sexual debut. One possible explanation of this lack of association could be that target audience members derived inconsistent and confusing meanings from visuals as opposed to text in the campaign. Employing Hall's concept of high- and low-context communication, we assessed target population interpretation of four campaign posters via 12 focus-group discussions and four individual in-depth interviews with Nairobi youth. We found that although participants endorsed and recognized campaign objectives, contextual cues in some campaign visuals were interpreted by participants as being contradictory to the abstinence message in the poster texts. In addition noticeable differences arose between the low-income and middle-/high-income groups in interpretation of one of the posters. We conclude with recommendations regarding use of visuals in high-context cultures and involvement of youth from various socioeconomic strata in campaign planning. PMID:21480020

Muraya, Julie Gathoni; Neville Miller, Ann; Mjomba, Leonard

2011-09-01

192

Solution Structure and Phylogenetics of Prod1, a Member of the Three-Finger Protein Superfamily Implicated in Salamander Limb Regeneration  

PubMed Central

Background Following the amputation of a limb, newts and salamanders have the capability to regenerate the lost tissues via a complex process that takes place at the site of injury. Initially these cells undergo dedifferentiation to a state competent to regenerate the missing limb structures. Crucially, dedifferentiated cells have memory of their level of origin along the proximodistal (PD) axis of the limb, a property known as positional identity. Notophthalmus viridescens Prod1 is a cell-surface molecule of the three-finger protein (TFP) superfamily involved in the specification of newt limb PD identity. The TFP superfamily is a highly diverse group of metazoan proteins that includes snake venom toxins, mammalian transmembrane receptors and miscellaneous signaling molecules. Methodology/Principal Findings With the aim of identifying potential orthologs of Prod1, we have solved its 3D structure and compared it to other known TFPs using phylogenetic techniques. The analysis shows that TFP 3D structures group in different categories according to function. Prod1 clusters with other cell surface protein TFP domains including the complement regulator CD59 and the C-terminal domain of urokinase-type plasminogen activator. To infer orthology, a structure-based multiple sequence alignment of representative TFP family members was built and analyzed by phylogenetic methods. Prod1 has been proposed to be the salamander CD59 but our analysis fails to support this association. Prod1 is not a good match for any of the TFP families present in mammals and this result was further supported by the identification of the putative orthologs of both CD59 and N. viridescens Prod1 in sequence data for the salamander Ambystoma tigrinum. Conclusions/Significance The available data suggest that Prod1, and thereby its role in encoding PD identity, is restricted to salamanders. The lack of comparable limb-regenerative capability in other adult vertebrates could be correlated with the absence of the Prod1 gene. PMID:19771161

Garza-Garcia, Acely; Harris, Richard; Esposito, Diego; Gates, Phillip B.; Driscoll, Paul C.

2009-01-01

193

Family with Sequence Similarity 5, Member C (FAM5C) Increases Leukocyte Adhesion Molecules in Vascular Endothelial Cells: Implication in Vascular Inflammation  

PubMed Central

Identification of the regulators of vascular inflammation is important if we are to understand the molecular mechanisms leading to atherosclerosis and consequent ischemic heart disease, including acute myocardial infarction. Gene polymorphisms in family with sequence similarity 5, member C (FAM5C) are associated with an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction, but little is known about the function of this gene product in blood vessels. Here, we report that the regulation of the expression and function of FAM5C in endothelial cells. We show here that FAM5C is expressed in endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo. Immunofluorescence microcopy showed localization of FAM5C in the Golgi in cultured human endothelial cells. Immunohistochemistry on serial sections of human coronary artery showed that FAM5C-positive endothelium expressed intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) or vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). In cultured human endothelial cells, the overexpression of FAM5C increased the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) activity and the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin mRNAs, resulting in enhanced monocyte adhesion. FAM5C was upregulated in response to inflammatory stimuli, such as TNF-?, in an NF-?B- and JNK-dependent manner. Knockdown of FAM5C by small interfering RNA inhibited the increase in the TNF-?-induced production of ROS, NF-?B activity and expression of these leukocyte adhesion molecule mRNAs, resulting in reduced monocyte adhesion. These results suggest that in endothelial cells, when FAM5C is upregulated in response to inflammatory stimuli, it increases the expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules by increasing ROS production and NF-?B activity. PMID:25251368

Satomi-Kobayashi, Seimi; Hatakeyama, Kinta; Knox, Aaron J.; Asada, Yujiro; Wierman, Margaret E.; Hirata, Ken-ichi; Rikitake, Yoshiyuki

2014-01-01

194

Evaluating G.R.E.A.T.: A School-Based Gang Prevention Program. Research for Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program differs from typical efforts to reduce gang involvement in that the G.R.E.A.T. program does not target at-risk youth but rather targets its classroom-based program at all middle school students. The three main objectives of the 9-hour curriculum taught by uniformed officers are to:…

Esbensen, Finn-Aage

2004-01-01

195

Defensive localism in white and black: a comparative history of European-American and African-American youth gangs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The activities of European-American and African-American youth gangs have been closely linked to the operation of changing racial and class structures. In this article, I compare European-American and African-American youth gangs in four historical periods: the seaboard city, 1787-1861; the immigrant city, 1880-1940; the racially changing city, 1940-1970; and the hypersegregated city, 1970-1999. I show that the differences between European-American

Christopher Adamson

2000-01-01

196

Ganges river dolphin: an overview of biology, ecology, and conservation status in India.  

PubMed

Ganges River dolphin, Platanista gangetica gangetica, is one of the three obligatory freshwater dolphins in the world and is distributed in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Sangu-Karnaphuli River systems in India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. This species is facing considerable threats to its survival, and its population has dwindled from 4000 to 5000 in the early 1980s to 3500 in 2014 in the distribution range. This article reviews current status of the sub-species, habitat use, and the potential threats that the dolphins face for their survival (details of taxonomic status and genetics, evolutionary adaptations and anatomical peculiarities, physical adaptation, primitive characteristics, biology, behavior, surfacing behavior and dive times, mating and birth, and life span/age have been placed as Electronic Supplementary Materials). Recommendations have been made for the protection and developing strategies for the conservation of this Endangered and endemic sub-species. PMID:24924188

Sinha, Ravindra K; Kannan, Kurunthachalam

2014-12-01

197

Friends, status symbols and weapons: the use of dogs by youth groups and youth gangs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent UK media reports and government responses evidence a rising concern over irresponsible dog ownership, particularly\\u000a the use of so-called status or weapon dogs. Youth criminal and antisocial behaviour using these dogs has been widely reported\\u000a in urban areas and associated with street-based youth groups, in particular, the growing phenomenon of UK youth gangs. This\\u000a article reports on the findings

Jennifer Maher; Harriet Pierpoint

2011-01-01

198

Rich Pickings Near Large Communal Roosts Favor ‘Gang’ Foraging by Juvenile Common Ravens, Corvus corax  

PubMed Central

Ravens (Corvus corax) feed primarily on rich but ephemeral carcasses of large animals, which are usually defended by territorial pairs of adults. Non-breeding juveniles forage socially and aggregate in communal winter roosts, and these appear to function as ‘information centers’ regarding the location of the rare food bonanzas: individuals search independently of one another and pool their effort by recruiting each other at roosts. However, at a large raven roost in Newborough on Anglesey, North Wales, some juveniles have been observed recently to forage in ‘gangs’ and to roost separately from other birds. Here we adapt a general model of juvenile common raven foraging behavior where, in addition to the typical co-operative foraging strategy, such gang foraging behavior could be evolutionarily stable near winter raven roosts. We refocus the model on the conditions under which this newly documented, yet theoretically anticipated, gang-based foraging has been observed. In the process, we show formally how the trade off between search efficiency and social opportunity can account for the existence of the alternative social foraging tactics that have been observed in this species. This work serves to highlight a number of fruitful avenues for future research, both from a theoretical and empirical perspective. PMID:19240813

Dall, Sasha R. X.; Wright, Jonathan

2009-01-01

199

UNIVERSITY COMMITTEES TITLE MEMBER APPOINTMENT  

E-print Network

, ROQUEE 2 years MEMBER HSU, HSIAO YU 2 years MEMBER JOHNSON, FRANKLIN 2 years MEMBER LANDRY, PATRICK 1 years MEMBER MARTIN, MICHAEL 1 year MEMBER MOSLEY, DEREK 3 years MEMBER REES, MARK 2 years MEMBER SUN DUBOIS, BECKY 2 years MEMBER HOWARD, AIMEE 1 year MEMBER KELLY, BRIAN 2 years MEMBER MCCLURE, MICHAEL 1

Kearfott, R. Baker

200

Gang Exposure and Pregnancy Incidence among Female Adolescents in San Francisco: Evidence for the Need to Integrate Reproductive Health with Violence Prevention Efforts  

PubMed Central

Among a cohort of 237 sexually active females aged 14–19 recruited from community venues in a predominantly Latino neighborhood in San Francisco we examined the relationship between gang exposure and pregnancy incidence over two years of follow-up. Using discrete-time survival analysis we investigated whether individual and partner gang membership were associated with pregnancy incidence and determined whether partnership characteristics, contraceptive behaviors and pregnancy intentions mediated the relationship between gang membership and pregnancy. Pregnancy incidence was determined by urine-based testing and self-report. Seventy-seven percent of participants were Latinas, with one in five born outside the U.S. One-quarter (27.4%) became pregnant over follow-up. Participants’ gang membership had no significant effect on pregnancy incidence (Hazard Ratio (HR)=1.25; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.54, 3.45); however, having partners who were in gangs was associated with pregnancy (HR=1.90; 95% CI: 1.09, 3.32). Perceived male partner’s pregnancy intentions and having a partner in detention each mediated the effect of partner’s gang membership on pregnancy risk. Increased pregnancy incidence among young women with gang-involved partners highlights the importance of integrating reproductive health prevention into programs for gang-involved youth. In addition, high pregnancy rates indicate a heightened risk for sexually transmitted infections. PMID:18308693

Minnis, AM; Moore, JG; Doherty, IA; Rodas, C; Auerswald, C; Shiboski, S; Padian, NS

2014-01-01

201

Assessing School-Based Gang Prevention Efforts in Urban Centers: Are These Programs Reaching Those Students Who May Benefit the Most?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, schools have become a focal point for general delinquency and gang prevention programs for a variety of reasons. One premise behind this approach is that schools can serve as ideal settings for providing delinquency and intervention services because youths spend so much time there. School-based gang prevention efforts are supposed…

Rodriguez, Hector

2009-01-01

202

Bank robberies by an Asian gang: an assessment of the routine activities theory.  

PubMed

It was reported for the first time that a series of bank robberies were committed by an Asian gang group in a major southern city. The bank robberies showed a variety of operational methods. The purpose of this descriptive study is to apply the routine activities theory to explain the causal factors of the robberies. The analysis shows that the six Asian bank robberies resulted from a supply of motivated offenders, the availability of suitable targets, and a low level of capable guardians against crime. Findings suggest that crime-specific measures are an appropriate method for examining the merits of the routine activities theory. PMID:12365143

Wang, John Z

2002-10-01

203

Monsoon sedimentation on the 'abandoned' tide-influenced Ganges-Brahmaputra delta plain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Annual sediment delivery by the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers to the Bengal margin has kept pace with sea level rise since the mid Holocene, sustaining subaerial growth of the delta. However, the Sundarbans region of the tidal delta is disconnected from major distributary sources of sediment and is often thought to be sediment starved, eroding, and susceptible to the meter of sea level rise predicted for the 21st century. Despite these assumptions, direct sedimentation measurements on the tidal delta plain reveal widespread mean annualized accretion rates of ˜1.1 cm yr-1, although heterogeneous depositional patterns indicate that topography and internal creek networks influence local sediment distribution. Short-lived radioisotope inventories (7Be: t1/2 = 53.3 days) measured on the freshly accumulated sediments indicate that about ½ of the mass deposited on the lower delta was sourced directly from the seasonal flood pulse of the river; the remaining ½ is derived from older (?1 yr) reworked sediments. Net sedimentation on this part of the delta traps ˜10% of annual Ganges-Brahmaputra sediment load, with accretion rates roughly equivalent to the mean regional rate of relative sea-level rise (RSLR) of ˜1.0 cm yr-1. If these sedimentation rates are representative of longer-term trends and subsidence rates remain stable over the next century, the lower delta plain may continue to maintain its elevation and stability despite documented mangrove retreat around its seaward edges.

Rogers, Kimberly G.; Goodbred, Steven L.; Mondal, Dhiman R.

2013-10-01

204

Headward growth of chasmata by volatile outbursts, collapse, and drainage: Evidence from ganges chaos, Mars  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The nature and significance of collapse processes in Capri, Eos, and Ganges Chasmata remain poorly understood. Using Ganges Chasma as a type locality, these chasmata are interpreted to be the result of clustering and assimilation of multiple chaotic terrains, which primarily formed by localized depressurization-induced or thermally-triggered dissociation of buried gas clathrate hydrates and explosive eruption of gas-saturated ground water. Such crustal destabilization could have been triggered by (1) deep fracture propagation from the Martian surface, (2) magmatic intrusions and associated heating and inflation-induced terrain fracturing, and/or (3) climatic thaw and thinning/weakening of the permafrost over the clathrate and gas-rich groundwater zones. Volume increases associated with release of gases contributed to the xpulsion of groundwater and fluidized sediments at the surface, thereby carving the higher outflow channels peripheral to the chasmata and the lower outflow channel floors of the chasmata and outflow channels. Copyright 2006 by the American Geophysical Union.

Rodriguez, J. A. P.; Kargel, J.; Crown, D. A.; Bleamaster, III, L. F.; Tanaka, K. L.; Baker, V.; Miyamoto, H.; Dohm, J. M.; Sasaki, S.; Komatsu, G.

2006-01-01

205

The Northwestern University Sandhouse Gang and the Chicago Chapter of the Transportation Research Forum (TRF) are proud to present......  

E-print Network

The Northwestern University Sandhouse Gang and the Chicago Chapter of the Transportation Research Meeting (Coffee, tea, pop and water will be provided) Location: DePaul University, College of Law Lewis of the Transportation Center, and he also has an MBA from Kellogg and a BA from Harvard. #12;

Bustamante, Fabián E.

206

Capacity fade study of lithium-ion batteries cycled at high discharge rates Gang Ning, Bala Haran, Branko N. Popov*  

E-print Network

these degradation processes will not only help to improve the predictive capability of battery models but also helpCapacity fade study of lithium-ion batteries cycled at high discharge rates Gang Ning, Bala Haran, USA Received 12 December 2002; accepted 20 December 2002 Abstract Capacity fade of Sony US 18650 Li

Popov, Branko N.

207

“The Spectacle of Fearsome Acts”: Crime in the Melting P(l)ot in Gangs of New York  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the multi-layered representations of violence and crime in the recent Hollywood film Gangs of New York [Scorcese (2003) Miramax]. We use our exploration of this film to suggest that popular culture, even through its most mainstream products, can be seen as a critical criminological space where alternative views of law, crime and the state are made available.

Martin O’Brien; Rodanthi Tzanelli; Majid Yar; Sue Penna

2005-01-01

208

WOMEN'S AND MEN'S FEAR OF GANG CRIMES: SEXU I, AND NONSEXUAL ASSAULT AS PERCEPTU\\/ IJLY CONTEMPORANEOUS OFFENSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perceptually contemporaneous offenses are crimes that are coupled in peo- ple's minds when they express fear. Previous studies have shown that fear of rape predicts women's fears of other crimes. This study examined the differential effects of sexual and nonsexual assault as offenses that may be coupled with specific gang crimes. For both women and men, once physical harm is

JAMES W. MEEKER

209

The Etiology of Female Juvenile Delinquency and Gang Membership: A Test of Psychological and Social Structural Explanations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined female delinquency and gang membership in 122 black female juveniles using data from the 1960s. Concluded that racism, sexism, poverty, and limited opportunity are more important predictors of delinquency than personality and family relationships. Relationships with girl friends were more significant predictors than heterosexual…

Bowker, Lee H.; Klein, Malcolm W.

1983-01-01

210

Use of Ridge Points in Partial Fingerprint Gang Fang, Sargur N. Srihari, Harish Srinivasan and Prasad Phatak  

E-print Network

1 Use of Ridge Points in Partial Fingerprint Matching Gang Fang, Sargur N. Srihari, Harish Srinivasan and Prasad Phatak Abstract Automatic fingerprint identification systems utilize algorithms which extract minutiae information from the input fingerprint­ which are ridge endings and ridge bifurcations

211

Understanding the Psychosocial Characteristics of Gang-Involved Youths in a System of Care: Individual, Family, and System Correlates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 64 gang-involved youth found that they represent all ethnic and gender groups; experience multiple child and family risk factors; present mental health, substance abuse, and academic problems; and often score within clinical ranges on behavioral and emotional indices. Non-Latina females present more internalizing and externalizing…

Wood, Michelle; Furlong, Michael J.; Rosenblatt, Jennifer A.; Robertson, Laurel M.; Scozzari, Frank; Sosna, Todd

1997-01-01

212

Defensive Localism in White and Black: A Comparative History of European-American and African-American Youth Gangs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares European American and African American youth gangs in four historical periods (seaboard, immigrant, racially changing, and hypersegregated cities), showing that differences can be traced to race-specific effects of labor, housing, and consumer markets, government policies, local politics, and organized crime on their communities.…

Adamson, Christopher

2000-01-01

213

Climatic variation and runoff from partially-glacierised Himalayan tributary basins of the Ganges.  

PubMed

Climate records for locations across the southern slope of the Himalaya between 77°E and 91°E were selected together with discharge measurements from gauging stations on rivers draining partially-glacierised basins tributary to the Ganges, with a view to assessing impacts of climatic fluctuations on year-to-year variations of runoff during a sustained period of glacier decline. The aims were to describe temporal patterns of variation of glaciologically- and hydrologically-relevant climatic variables and of river flows from basins with differing percentages of ice-cover. Monthly precipitation and air temperature records, starting in the mid-nineteenth century at high elevation sites and minimising data gaps, were selected from stations in the Global Historical Climatology Network and CRUTEM3. Discharge data availability was limited to post 1960 for stations in Nepal and at Khab in the adjacent Sutlej basin. Strengths of climate-runoff relationships were assessed by correlation between overlapping portions of annual data records. Summer monsoon precipitation dominates runoff across the central Himalaya. Flow in tributaries of the Ganges in Nepal fluctuated from year to year but the general background level of flow was usually maintained from the 1960s to 2000s. Flow in the Sutlej, however, declined by 32% between the 1970s and 1990s, reflecting substantially reduced summer precipitation. Over the north-west Ganges-upper Sutlej area, monsoon precipitation declined by 30-40% from the 1960s to 2000s. Mean May-September air temperatures along the southern slope of the central Himalayas dipped from the 1960s, after a long period of slow warming or sustained temperatures, before rising rapidly from the mid-1970s so that in the 2000s summer air temperatures reached those achieved in earlier warmer periods. There are few measurements of runoff from highly-glacierised Himalayan headwater basins; runoff from one of which, Langtang Khola, was less than that of the monsoon-dominated Narayani river, in which basin Langtang is nested. PMID:24296050

Collins, David N; Davenport, Joshua L; Stoffel, Markus

2013-12-01

214

Human group formation in online guilds and offline gangs driven by a common team dynamic  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantifying human group dynamics represents a unique challenge. Unlike animals and other biological systems, humans form groups in both real (offline) and virtual (online) spaces—from potentially dangerous street gangs populated mostly by disaffected male youths to the massive global guilds in online role-playing games for which membership currently exceeds tens of millions of people from all possible backgrounds, age groups, and genders. We have compiled and analyzed data for these two seemingly unrelated offline and online human activities and have uncovered an unexpected quantitative link between them. Although their overall dynamics differ visibly, we find that a common team-based model can accurately reproduce the quantitative features of each simply by adjusting the average tolerance level and attribute range for each population. By contrast, we find no evidence to support a version of the model based on like-seeking-like (i.e., kinship or “homophily”).

Johnson, Neil F.; Xu, Chen; Zhao, Zhenyuan; Ducheneaut, Nicolas; Yee, Nicholas; Tita, George; Hui, Pak Ming

2009-06-01

215

Collapsable seal member  

DOEpatents

A hollow, collapsable seal member normally disposed in a natural expanded state offering fail-safe pressure sealing against a seating surface and adapted to be evacuated by a vacuum force for collapsing the seal member to disengage the same from said seating surface.

Sherrell, Dennis L. (Kennewick, WA)

1990-01-01

216

Detecting Long-term Trend of Water Quality Indices of Dong-gang River, Taiwan Using Quantile Regression  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ABSTRACT BODY: Abstract Surface water quality is an essential issue in water-supply for human uses and sustaining healthy ecosystem of rivers. However, water quality of rivers is easily influenced by anthropogenic activities such as urban development and wastewater disposal. Long-term monitoring of water quality can assess whether water quality of rivers deteriorates or not. Taiwan is a population-dense area and heavily depends on surface water for domestic, industrial, and agricultural uses. Dong-gang River is one of major resources in southern Taiwan for agricultural requirements. The water-quality data of four monitoring stations of the Dong-gang River for the period of 2000-2012 are selected for trend analysis. The parameters used to characterize water quality of rivers include biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), dissolved oxygen (DO), suspended solids (SS), and ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N). These four water-quality parameters are integrated into an index called river pollution index (RPI) to indicate the pollution level of rivers. Although widely used non-parametric Mann-Kendall test and linear regression exhibit computational efficiency to identify trends of water-quality indices, limitations of such approaches include sensitive to outliers and estimations of conditional mean only. Quantile regression, capable of identifying changes over time of any percentile values, is employed in this study to detect long-term trend of water-quality indices for the Dong-gang River located in southern Taiwan. The results show that Dong-gang River 4 stations from 2000 to 2012 monthly long-term trends in water quality.To analyze s Dong-gang River long-term water quality trends and pollution characteristics. The results showed that the bridge measuring ammonia Long-dong, BOD5 measure in that station on a downward trend, DO, and SS is on the rise, River Pollution Index (RPI) on a downward trend. The results form Chau-Jhou station also ahowed simialar trends .more and more near the upstrean Hing-she station raise vivestok Sing-She stations are that ammonia on a upward trend, BOD5 no significant change in trend, DO, and SS is on the rise, river pollution index (RPI) a slight downward trend. Dong-gang River Basin , but the progress of sewer construction in slow. To reduce pollation in this river effort shoul be made regulatory reform on livestock waste control and acceleration of sewer construction. Keywords: quantile regression analysis, BOD5, RPI

Yang, D.; Shiau, J.

2013-12-01

217

Gang Exposure and Pregnancy Incidence among Female Adolescents in San Francisco: Evidence for the Need to Integrate Reproductive Health with Violence Prevention Efforts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among a cohort of 237 sexually active females aged 14-19 years recruited from community venues in a pre- dominantly Latino neighborhood in San Francisco, California, the authors examined the relation between gang exposure and pregnancy incidence over 2 years of follow-up between 2001 and 2004. Using discrete-time survival analysis, they investigated whether gang membership by individuals and partners was associated

A. M. Minnis; J. G. Moore; I. A. Doherty; C. Rodas; C. Auerswald; S. Shiboski; N. S. Padian

2008-01-01

218

Clicking in Shallow Rivers: Short-Range Echolocation of Irrawaddy and Ganges River Dolphins in a Shallow, Acoustically Complex Habitat  

PubMed Central

Toothed whales (Cetacea, odontoceti) use biosonar to navigate their environment and to find and catch prey. All studied toothed whale species have evolved highly directional, high-amplitude ultrasonic clicks suited for long-range echolocation of prey in open water. Little is known about the biosonar signals of toothed whale species inhabiting freshwater habitats such as endangered river dolphins. To address the evolutionary pressures shaping the echolocation signal parameters of non-marine toothed whales, we investigated the biosonar source parameters of Ganges river dolphins (Platanista gangetica gangetica) and Irrawaddy dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris) within the river systems of the Sundarban mangrove forest. Both Ganges and Irrawaddy dolphins produced echolocation clicks with a high repetition rate and low source level compared to marine species. Irrawaddy dolphins, inhabiting coastal and riverine habitats, produced a mean source level of 195 dB (max 203 dB) re 1 µPapp whereas Ganges river dolphins, living exclusively upriver, produced a mean source level of 184 dB (max 191) re 1 µPapp. These source levels are 1–2 orders of magnitude lower than those of similar sized marine delphinids and may reflect an adaptation to a shallow, acoustically complex freshwater habitat with high reverberation and acoustic clutter. The centroid frequency of Ganges river dolphin clicks are an octave lower than predicted from scaling, but with an estimated beamwidth comparable to that of porpoises. The unique bony maxillary crests found in the Platanista forehead may help achieve a higher directionality than expected using clicks nearly an octave lower than similar sized odontocetes. PMID:23573197

Jensen, Frants H.; Rocco, Alice; Mansur, Rubaiyat M.; Smith, Brian D.; Janik, Vincent M.; Madsen, Peter T.

2013-01-01

219

Chain Gang-The Chemistry of Polymers (edited by Mickey Sarquis)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science in Our World, Vol. 5. Mickey Sarquis, series editor. Terrific Science Press: Middletown, OH, 1995. xiv + 149 pp. ISBN 1-883822-13-0. Spiral-bound, $13.95. Our familiarity with plastics makes polymers ideal examples of chemicals for discussion in K-12 science classes. Most importantly, polymers can be used as examples of chemicals that are safe to handle and of obvious use to society. The structures of polymers are easily represented by a number of models. These simple models go a long way in explaining the familiar physical properties of plastics. However, the introduction of polymers in the classroom relies on the availability of teaching material, experiments, and demonstrations that illustrate concepts in the current science curriculum. Chain Gang-The Chemistry of Polymers, one of the Science in Our World series published by the Center for Chemical Education at Miami University-Middletown (Ohio), will serve as a great resource for teachers interested in providing their students with a series of activities that can be related to their everyday experiences with these ubiquitous chemicals. After a brief introduction to some basic concepts, the book presents a series of 23 experiments. The collection of experiments presented here spans illustrations of chemistry, physical properties, analysis, and processing. Each experiment is recommended as either a hands-on activity or demonstration for various grade levels. A guide for the teacher suggests how the experiment can be used to illustrate topics in the science curriculum. The materials required for each activity are listed in detail, with quantities and sources (all materials are available from Flinn Scientific or hardware stores). There are detailed instructions for preparation of each experiment and how to introduce the experiment to students, and step-by-step instructions for activity. Very importantly, safety and disposal issues are clearly presented. Suggestions for cross-curriculum integration are also provided, with ties to social studies, language arts, art, and mathematics. Chain Gang is an exceptionally useful resource for the motivated, experienced, capable, and confident science teacher. For teachers with less experience in chemistry, the book is ideal for training workshops and in-services. Teachers quickly develop the confidence to explore the activities if they are introduced to the book and led through a handful of experiments in a workshop setting. Our reliance on polymers in such diverse fields as packaging, transportation, health, and construction warrants some discussion of the science of long-chain molecules in K-12 science classrooms. Chain Gang provides plenty of opportunities, which teachers will be able to tailor to their own curriculum. With modest training, these teachers will be armed with activities to excite, intrigue, and motivate their students to consider the role of polymer chemistry in their lives.

Collard, David M.

1999-01-01

220

Projections of the Ganges-Brahmaputra precipitation: downscaled from GCM predictors  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Downscaling Global Climate Model (GCM) projections of future climate is critical for impact studies. Downscaling enables use of GCM experiments for regional scale impact studies by generating regionally specific forecasts connecting global scale predictions and regional scale dynamics. We employed the Statistical Downscaling Model (SDSM) to downscale 21st century precipitation for two data-sparse hydrologically challenging river basins in South Asia—the Ganges and the Brahmaputra. We used CGCM3.1 by Canadian Center for Climate Modeling and Analysis version 3.1 predictors in downscaling the precipitation. Downscaling was performed on the basis of established relationships between historical Global Summary of Day observed precipitation records from 43 stations and National Center for Environmental Prediction re-analysis large scale atmospheric predictors. Although the selection of predictors was challenging during the set-up of SDSM, they were found to be indicative of important physical forcings in the basins. The precipitation of both basins was largely influenced by geopotential height: the Ganges precipitation was modulated by the U component of the wind and specific humidity at 500 and 1000 h Pa pressure levels; whereas, the Brahmaputra precipitation was modulated by the V component of the wind at 850 and 1000 h Pa pressure levels. The evaluation of the SDSM performance indicated that model accuracy for reproducing precipitation at the monthly scale was acceptable, but at the daily scale the model inadequately simulated some daily extreme precipitation events. Therefore, while the downscaled precipitation may not be the suitable input to analyze future extreme flooding or drought events, it could be adequate for analysis of future freshwater availability. Analysis of the CGCM3.1 downscaled precipitation projection with respect to observed precipitation reveals that the precipitation regime in each basin may be significantly impacted by climate change. Precipitation during and after the monsoon is likely to increase in both basins under the A1B and A2 emission scenarios; whereas, the pre-monsoon precipitation is likely to decrease. Peak monsoon precipitation is likely to shift from July to August, and may impact the livelihoods of large rural populations linked to subsistence agriculture in the basins. Uncertainty analysis of the downscaled precipitation indicated that the uncertainty in the downscaled precipitation was less than the uncertainty in the original CGCM3.1 precipitation; hence, the CGCM3.1 downscaled precipitation was a better input for the regional hydrological impact studies. However, downscaled precipitation from multiple GCMs is suggested for comprehensive impact studies.

Pervez, Md Shahriar; Henebry, Geoffrey M.

2014-01-01

221

River avulsions in the presence of tectonic tilting, and the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Bangladesh, the set of active rivers of the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta overlie a landscape that is being continually modified by tectonics. The response of rivers to a surface being altered by tectonic tilting or other causes of spatially variable subsidence is generally understood to be a preferred path direction toward regions of higher subsidence. Quantifying the magnitude of the effect of variable subsidence on the timescale and path direction of channel avulsion remains, however, an open question. Recent experimental work has suggested an equilibrium-slope explanation for the timescale and conditions for avulsion, which provides a way forward on understanding how varied subsidence conditions would affect the avulsion process. Here we adapt this model for avulsion to the context of variable subsidence, developing a new framework to quantify its effect on channel avulsions. We find that variable subsidence results in two effects: differing timescales between avulsions on different parts of the delta, and differing frequencies of avulsion to these locations. Regions of higher subsidence both draw avulsions more frequently, and result in longer channel residence times in these locations. We also describe the effect of incision or aggradation due to sea level changes within this framework: incisional events lengthen avulsion timescales everywhere on the delta, while periods of sea-level rise drive the timescales back toward their minimum values. Finally, we apply this theory to the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta, where we use a map of regional variable subsidence that we derived from GPS and published stratigraphic data, to predict the variation in avulsion timescale and frequency for the Brahmaputra River due to this variable subsidence. We make estimates for two different tectonic history interpretations, and for the cases with or without the estimated incision from the most recent sea-level fall. Comparison between our predictions and our stratigraphy-derived estimates of avulsion timescale shows encouraging consistency. The work presented here represents the first quantitative, general framework for the influence of variable tectonics or subsidence on large-scale nodal avulsion timescale and path direction.

Reitz, M. D.; Steckler, M. S.; Paola, C.; Goodbred, S. L.; Petter, A. L.; Pickering, J.; Williams, L. A.

2013-12-01

222

Exploring the provenance of vegetation and environmental signatures encoded in vascular plant biomarkers carried by the Ganges-Brahmaputra rivers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organic matter carried by rivers and deposited in continental and marine sediments contains valuable information on past environmental conditions and their impact on the terrestrial biosphere. In order to use sedimentary records to reconstruct past environmental conditions on the continents, such as vegetation cover and type, or precipitation intensity, we need to understand the provenance of the organic signatures and how they are transferred, and potentially modified, by fluvial transport to the sedimentary reservoir. In particular, we need to understand how environmental conditions are imprinted in the composition of riverine particulate organic carbon. Here we investigate the stable carbon and hydrogen isotopic signatures of vascular plant leaf wax biomarkers in the modern-day Ganges and Brahmaputra river complex, one of the largest fluvial system on Earth. The distribution of n-alkanes and n-alkanoic acids in Ganges-Brahmaputra river sediments suggests that vascular plant inputs are consistently a significant component of the organic carbon pool. Molecular ?13C measurements reveal that C3 vegetation inputs delivered by the Himalayan rivers are partly oxidized and replaced by mixed C3/C4 vegetation input in the floodplain. This process appears to be rather non-selective in the Ganges basin, affecting both discrete particles of vegetation debris and OC associated with mineral phases. In contrast, in the Brahmaputra basin vegetation debris appears more susceptible to this replacement process. The hydrogen isotopic composition of long-chain (C24+) alkanoic acids, in combination with their stable C isotopic composition, provides constraints on the isotopic composition of the meteoric water used by the plants. Calculated compositions compare well with the depleted ?2H isotopic ratios of the heavy rains of the summer monsoon. Notably, in the Ganges basin, the isotopic compositions calculated at the base of the range and in the floodplain are identical, suggesting that H-isotopic compositions of long-chain alkanoic acids are a valuable proxy for the composition of summer monsoon precipitation in the Ganges-Brahmaputra basin. Using sedimentary records near the terminus of this river system, such measurements could provide insights into summer monsoon rainfall intensity in the past.

Galy, Valier; Eglinton, Timothy; France-Lanord, Christian; Sylva, Sean

2010-05-01

223

Land atmosphere feedbacks and their role in the water resources of the Ganges basin.  

PubMed

The northern Indian subcontinent has frequently been identified as a hotspot for land atmosphere interactions. It is also a region with the highest concentration of irrigated land and highest (and increasing) population density in the world. The available water in the region with which to grow food depends on the Asian monsoon, groundwater and melt from Himalayan snows. Any changes or disruptions to these sources of water could threaten the food supply. It is therefore essential to understand how the land surface, and in particular irrigated land, interacts with the atmosphere. It is anticipated that the interactions will occur on many scales. To an extent the magnitude and form of these will depend on the depth of the atmosphere which is affected. Thus at the local, or micro, scale it is the surface layer (some 10 s m deep) which is cooled and moistened by the evaporation of irrigated water, at the meso-scale the Planetary boundary layer (up to 1 or 2 km) will be modified - with possible atmospheric moistening, increased cloud and rain formation and at very large scales the whole dynamics of the south Asian Monsoon will be affected. This illustrates a strong interaction between the Asian monsoon and the regional topography. Of considerable significance is the finding in this paper that up to 60% of the evaporation from irrigated areas in the summer months is ultimately recycled to Himalayan rainfall and so feedbacks to river flows in the Ganges. PMID:23557782

Harding, R J; Blyth, E M; Tuinenburg, O A; Wiltshire, A

2013-12-01

224

The impact of inter-annual rainfall variability on food production in the Ganges basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rainfall variability is expected to increase in the coming decades as the world warms. Especially in regions already water stressed, a higher rainfall variability will jeopardize food security. Recently, the impact of inter-annual rainfall variability has received increasing attention in regional to global analysis on water availability and food security. But the description of the dynamics behind it is still incomplete in most models. Contemporary land surface and hydrological models used for such analyses describe variability in production primarily as a function of yield, a process driven by biophysical parameters, thereby neglecting yearly variations in cropped area, a process driven largely by management decisions. Agricultural statistics for northern India show that the latter process could explain up to 40% of the observed inter-annual variation in food production in various states. We added a simple dynamic land use decision module to a land surface model (LPJmL) and analyzed to what extent this improved the estimation of variability in food production. Using this improved modelling framework we then assessed if and at which scale rainfall variability affects meeting the food self-sufficiency threshold. Early results for the Ganges Basin indicate that, while on basin level variability in crop production is still relatively low, several districts and states are highly affected (RSTD > 50%). Such insight can contribute to better recommendations on the most effective measures, at the most appropriate scale, to buffer variability in food production.

Siderius, Christian; Biemans, Hester; van Walsum, Paul; hellegers, Petra; van Ierland, Ekko; Kabat, Pavel

2014-05-01

225

Model to assess the impacts of external drivers on the hydrology of the Ganges River Basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Impact of climate change on the hydrology of the Ganges River Basin (GRB) is simulated by using a hydrological model - Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). Climate data from the GCM, Hadley Centre Coupled Model, version 3 (HadCM3) was downscaled with PRECIS for the GRB under A1B Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES) scenarios. The annual average precipitation will increase by 2.2% and 14.1% by 2030 and 2050, respectively, compared to the baseline period (1981-2010). Spatial distribution of the future precipitation shows that in the substantial areas of the middle part of the GRB, the annual precipitation in 2030 and 2050 will be reduced compared to the baseline period. Simulations indicate that in 2050 the total groundwater recharge would increase by 12%, while the increase of evapotranspiration will be about 10% compared to the baseline period. The water yield is also expected to increase in the future (up to 40% by 2050 compared to baseline), especially during the wetter months. The model setup is available for free from IWMI's modelling inventory.

Muthuwatta, L.; Sood, A.; Sharma, B.

2014-09-01

226

Geomorphic signatures of deltaic processes and vegetation: The Ganges-Brahmaputra-Jamuna case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Deltas are complex ecogeomorphic systems where features such as channels and interchannel islands are present over a wide range of spatial scales. A quantitative description of the morphology of deltas is fundamental to address how they react to changes in climate forcing and human pressure. In particular, it is interesting to ask how the distributary patterns we observe in coastal areas around the world result from processes and external forcing acting on deltas, and how such patterns might be related to deltaic function, vulnerability, and resilience. Using the example of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Jamuna Delta, we show that the statistics of island size, shape factor, aspect ratio, and nearest-edge distance show distinct spatial patterns. Comparison between regions identified by our statistical analysis and a physiographic zonation of the delta suggests that the planform extracted from satellite imagery carries the signature of processes responsible for delta formation and evolution and of vegetation. The tidal region is characterized by high channel density, small islands, and short nearest-edge distance (shortest straight-line distance to the nearest water). The results suggest that regions of the delta characterized by presence of vegetation and active transport of water and sediment are statistically distinct from less active regions. Further, we perform a weighted connectivity analysis of the channel patterns based on channel width. The analysis suggests that channels connecting the upper portion of the delta to the coast do not play a significant role in the transport of water and sediment.

Passalacqua, Paola; Lanzoni, Stefano; Paola, Chris; Rinaldo, Andrea

2013-09-01

227

Organochlorines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the sediments of Ganges river (India)  

SciTech Connect

Organochlorine(OC) insecticides have been extensively used in India since 1954 in agriculture as well as public health sector. The use of OCs which are banned or restricted in most developed countries are still being used in this country. The major factors responsible for detrimental effects on the environment from use of these chemicals are that they are very persistent, extremely toxic to fish, used more as preventive measures rather than cure in controlling insects and some of them were found to biomagnify in organisms. Their accumulation about 26 mg DDT in their body through food items. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are formed as a result of incomplete combustion of organic compounds but may also be synthesized by some bacteria, algae and plants. PAHs are on the USEPA and EC priority pollutants list since some PAHs are known or suspected carcinogens/mutagens. In surface waters, they are known to be strongly adsorbed on sediment clays and other particles while their degradation in sediment also occur. Therefore, during low stream flow, fluvial materials settle down and may contain concentrations of OCs and PAHs. Hence, it is necessary to include sediment in the determination of organic contaminants in surface waters. This paper refers to a monitoring programme for screening the OCs and PAHs concentrations in the Ganges river sediments. 29 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Ahmad, S.; Ajmal, M. [A.M.U., Aligarh (India)] [A.M.U., Aligarh (India); Nomani, A.A.

1996-12-31

228

Alateen Members' and Non-Members' Understanding of Alcoholism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alateen (n=49) and non-Alateen (n=52) members were compared on knowledge and understanding of alcoholism. Results indicated Alateen members understood alcoholism as family disease and alcoholism as treatable. Alateen members suggested educational curriculum with message of successful treatment for alcoholic, whereas non-Alateen members stressed…

Weber, Joseph A.; McCormick, Peggy

1992-01-01

229

InSAR measurements of compaction and subsidence in the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta, Bangladesh  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

of the world's largest river deltas are sinking due to sediment loading, compaction, and tectonics but also recently because of groundwater extraction, hydrocarbon extraction, and reduced aggradation. Little is known, however, about the full spatial variability of subsidence rates in complex delta systems. This study reconstructs subsidence rates in the eastern portion of the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta (GBD), Bangladesh, covering more than 10,000 km2 at a high spatial resolution of 100 m. The map was produced using Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) covering the period 2007 to 2011. Eighteen Advanced Land Observing Satellite Phased-Array L-band SAR scenes were used to generate 30 interferograms calibrated with GPS. Interferograms were stacked to yield average subsidence rates over the study period. Small Baseline Subset-InSAR was then applied to validate the results against an additional GPS record from Dhaka, Bangladesh. Land subsidence of 0 to > 10 mm/yr is seen in Dhaka, with variability likely related to local variations in shallow subsurface sediment properties. Outside of the city, rates vary from 0 to > 18 mm/yr, with the lowest rates appearing primarily in Pleistocene Madhupur Clay and the highest rates in Holocene organic-rich muds. Results demonstrate that subsidence in this delta is primarily controlled by local stratigraphy, with rates varying by more than an order of magnitude depending on lithology. The ability of L-band InSAR to differentiate between stratigraphic units in this humid, vegetated subtropical river delta demonstrates the power of interferometry as a tool for studying the subsurface in deltaic environments.

Higgins, Stephanie A.; Overeem, Irina; Steckler, Michael S.; Syvitski, James P. M.; Seeber, Leonardo; Akhter, S. Humayun

2014-08-01

230

The provenance of vegetation and environmental signatures encoded in vascular plant biomarkers carried by the Ganges-Brahmaputra rivers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organic matter carried by rivers and deposited in continental and marine sediments contains valuable information on past environmental conditions and their impact on the terrestrial biosphere. In order to use sedimentary records to reconstruct past environmental conditions on the continents, such as vegetation cover and type, or precipitation intensity, we need to understand the provenance of the organic signatures and how they are transferred, and potentially modified, by fluvial transport to the sedimentary reservoir. In particular, we need to understand how environmental conditions are imprinted in the composition of riverine particulate organic carbon. Here we investigate the stable carbon and hydrogen isotopic signatures of vascular plant leaf wax biomarkers in the modern-day Ganges and Brahmaputra river complex, one of the largest fluvial systems on Earth. The distribution of n-alkanes and n-alkanoic acids in Ganges-Brahmaputra river sediments suggests that vascular plant inputs are consistently a significant component of the organic carbon pool. Molecular ? 13C measurements reveal that C 3 vegetation inputs delivered by the Himalayan rivers are partly degraded and replaced by mixed C 3/C 4 vegetation input in the floodplain. The hydrogen isotopic composition of long-chain (C 24+) n-alkanoic acids, in combination with their stable C isotopic composition, provides constraints on the isotopic composition of the environmental water used by higher plants within the drainage basin. Calculated compositions compare well with the depleted ?D isotopic ratios of the river water during the summer monsoon, suggesting that H-isotopic compositions of long-chain alkanoic acids are a valuable proxy for the composition of summer monsoon moisture in the Ganges-Brahmaputra basin. Detailed studies of the "isotopic anatomy" of modern river systems are critical for informed interpretation of marine sedimentary records in river-influenced continental margins.

Galy, Valier; Eglinton, Timothy; France-Lanord, Christian; Sylva, Sean

2011-04-01

231

Exploring the provenance of vegetation and environmental signatures encoded in vascular plant biomarkers carried by the Ganges-Brahmaputra rivers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organic matter carried by rivers and deposited in continental and marine sediments contains valuable information on past environmental conditions and their impact on the terrestrial biosphere. In order to use sedimentary records to reconstruct past environmental conditions on the continents, such as vegetation cover and type, or precipitation intensity, we need to understand the provenance of the organic signatures and how they are transferred, and potentially modified, by fluvial transport to the sedimentary reservoir. In particular, we need to understand how environmental conditions are imprinted in the composition of riverine particulate organic carbon. Here we investigate the stable carbon and hydrogen isotopic signatures of vascular plant leaf wax biomarkers in the modern-day Ganges and Brahmaputra river complex, one of the largest fluvial system on Earth. Molecular stable C isotope ratio measurements reveal that C3 vegetation inputs delivered by the Himalayan rivers are partly degraded and replaced by mixed C3/C4 vegetation input in the floodplain. The hydrogen isotopic composition of long-chain n-alkanoic acids, in combination with their stable C isotopic composition, provides constraints on the isotopic composition of the meteoric water used by the plants. Calculated compositions compare well with the depleted D/H isotopic ratios of the heavy rains of the summer monsoon. Notably, in the Ganges basin, the isotopic compositions calculated at the base of the range and in the floodplain are identical, suggesting that H-isotopic compositions of long-chain n-alkanoic acids are a valuable proxy for the composition of summer monsoon precipitation in the Ganges-Brahmaputra basin. Using sedimentary records near the terminus of this river system, such measurements could provide insights into summer monsoon rainfall intensity in the past.

Galy, V.; Eglinton, T. I.; France-Lanord, C.; Sylva, S.

2010-12-01

232

Increased Waterborne blaNDM-1 Resistance Gene Abundances Associated with Seasonal Human Pilgrimages to the Upper Ganges River  

PubMed Central

Antibiotic resistance (AR) is often rooted in inappropriate antibiotic use, but poor water quality and inadequate sanitation exacerbate the problem, especially in emerging countries. An example is increasing multi-AR due to mobile carbapenemases, such as NDM-1 protein (coded by blaNDM-1 genes), which can produce extreme drug-resistant phenotypes. In 2010, NDM-1 positive isolates and blaNDM-1 genes were detected in surface waters across Delhi and have since been detected across the urban world. However, little is known about blaNDM-1 levels in more pristine locations, such as the headwaters of the Upper Ganges River. This area is of particular interest because it receives massive numbers of visitors during seasonal pilgrimages in May/June, including visitors from urban India. Here we quantified blaNDM-1 abundances, other AR genes (ARG), and coliform bacteria in sediments and water column samples from seven sites in the Rishikesh-Haridwar region of the Upper Ganges and five sites on the Yamuna River in Delhi to contrast blaNDM-1 levels and water quality conditions between season and region. Water quality in the Yamuna was very poor (e.g., anoxia at all sites), and blaNDM-1 abundances were high across sites in water (5.4 ± 0.4 log(blaNDM-1·mL–1); 95% confidence interval) and sediment (6.3 ± 0.7 log(blaNDM-1·mg–1)) samples from both seasons. In contrast, water column blaNDM-1 abundances were very low across all sites in the Upper Ganges in February (2.1 ± 0.6 log(blaNDM-1·mL–1)), and water quality was good (e.g., near saturation oxygen). However, per capita blaNDM-1 levels were 20 times greater in June in the Ganges water column relative to February, and blaNDM-1 levels significantly correlated with fecal coliform levels (r = 0.61; p = 0.007). Given that waste management infrastructure is limited in Rishikesh-Haridwar, data imply blaNDM-1 levels are higher in visitor’s wastes than local residents, which results in seasonally higher blaNDM-1 levels in the river. Pilgrimage areas without adequate waste treatment are possible “hot spots” for AR transmission, and waste treatment must be improved to reduce broader AR dissemination via exposed returning visitors. PMID:24521347

2014-01-01

233

Model study of the impacts of future climate change on the hydrology of Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intensity, duration, and geographic extent of floods in Bangladesh mostly depend on the combined influences of three river systems, Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna (GBM). In addition, climate change is likely to have significant effects on the hydrology and water resources of the GBM basins and might ultimately lead to more serious floods in Bangladesh. However, the assessment of climate change impacts on basin-scale hydrology by using well-constrained hydrologic modelling has rarely been conducted for GBM basins due to the lack of data for model calibration and validation. In this study, a macro-scale hydrologic model H08 has been applied regionally over the basin at a relatively fine grid resolution (10 km) by integrating the fine-resolution (~0.5 km) DEM data for accurate river networks delineation. The model has been calibrated via analyzing model parameter sensitivity and validated based on a long-term observed daily streamflow data. The impact of climate change on not only the runoff, but also the basin-scale hydrology including evapotranspiration, soil moisture and net radiation have been assessed in this study through three time-slice experiments; present-day (1979-2003), near-future (2015-2039) and far-future (2075-2099) periods. Results shows that, by the end of 21st century (a) the entire GBM basin is projected to be warmed by ~3°C (b) the changes of mean precipitation are projected to be +14.0, +10.4, and +15.2%, and the changes of mean runoff to be +14, +15, and +18% in the Brahmaputra, Ganges and Meghna basin respectively (c) evapotranspiration is predicted to increase significantly for the entire GBM basins (Brahmaputra: +14.4%, Ganges: +9.4%, Meghna: +8.8%) due to increased net radiation (Brahmaputra: +6%, Ganges: +5.9%, Meghna: +3.3%) as well as warmer air temperature. Changes of hydrologic variables will be larger in dry season (November-April) than that in wet season (May-October). Amongst three basins, Meghna shows the largest hydrological response which indicates higher possibility of flood occurrence in this basin. The uncertainty due to the specification of key model parameters in predicting hydrologic quantities, has also been analysed explicitly in this study and found that the uncertainty in estimation of runoff, evapotranspiration and net radiation is relatively less. However, the uncertainty in estimation of soil moisture is quite large (coefficient of variation ranges from 11 to 33% for three basins). It is significant in land use management, agriculture in particular and highlights the necessity of physical observation of soil moisture.

Masood, M.; Yeh, P. J.-F.; Hanasaki, N.; Takeuchi, K.

2014-06-01

234

Cryogenic support member  

DOEpatents

A cryogenic support member is comprised of a non-metallic rod having a depression in at least one end and a metallic end connection assembled to the rod. The metallic end connection comprises a metallic plug which conforms to the shape and is disposed in the depression and a metallic sleeve is disposed over the rod and plug. The plug and the sleeve are shrink-fitted to the depression in the rod to form a connection good in compression, tension and bending.

Niemann, Ralph C. (Downers Grove, IL); Gonczy, John D. (Oak Lawn, IL); Nicol, Thomas H. (Aurora, IL)

1987-01-01

235

Implications Policy Implications  

E-print Network

Policy Implications of Warming Permafrost #12;Policy Implications of Warming Permafrost #12;#12;Policy Implications of Warming Permafrost iii Permafrost is perennially frozen ground occurring in about 24% of the exposed land surface in the Northern Hemisphere. The distribution of permafrost

Ruess, Roger W.

236

Low School Engagement and Sexual Behaviors among African American Youth: Examining the Influences of Gender, Peer Norms, and Gang Involvement  

PubMed Central

This research examined whether negative peer influences (i.e., norms favoring risky sex and drug use and gang involvement) mediated the relationship between school engagement (i.e., grade point averages [GPAs] obtained from school records and student-teacher connectedness) and sexual behaviors (i.e., sexual début, sex without condoms, group sex, and sex while using drugs) among African American high school adolescents, and whether these relationships varied by gender. Five hundred sixty-three high school adolescents (ages 13 to 19) completed self-administered questionnaires that assessed school engagement markers (GPAs obtained from student records, and student-teacher connectedness), peer influences, sexual début, and risky sex (sex without condoms, group sex, and sex while using drugs). Major findings for boys indicate that GPA was negatively associated with both sexual début and risky sex. Additionally, the relationship between student-teacher connectedness and risky sex was mediated by gang involvement. For girls, higher GPAs were associated with fewer norms favoring risky sex and drug use and such norms were associated with sexual début. Moreover, the relationship between GPA, sexual début and risky sex was mediated by risky peer norms. Intervention programs to delay sexual début and reduce risky sex among youths should attend to the gendered ways through which such behaviors occur. PMID:20161422

Voisin, Dexter R.; Neilands, Torsten B.

2009-01-01

237

Structures of three members of Pfam PF02663 (FmdE) implicated in microbial methanogenesis reveal a conserved ?+? core domain and an auxiliary C-terminal treble-clef zinc finger  

PubMed Central

Examination of the genomic context for members of the FmdE Pfam family (PF02663), such as the protein encoded by the fmdE gene from the methanogenic archaeon Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum, indicates that 13 of them are co-transcribed with genes encoding subunits of molybdenum formylmethanofuran dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.99.5), an enzyme that is involved in microbial methane production. Here, the first crystal structures from PF02663 are described, representing two bacterial and one archaeal species: B8FYU2_DESHY from the anaerobic dehalogenating bacterium Desulfito­bacterium hafniense DCB-2, Q2LQ23_SYNAS from the syntrophic bacterium Syntrophus aciditrophicus SB and Q9HJ63_THEAC from the thermoacidophilic archaeon Thermoplasma acidophilum. Two of these proteins, Q9HJ63_THEAC and Q2LQ23_SYNAS, contain two domains: an N-terminal thioredoxin-like ?+? core domain (NTD) consisting of a five-stranded, mixed ?-sheet flanked by several ?-helices and a C-terminal zinc-finger domain (CTD). B8FYU2_DESHY, on the other hand, is composed solely of the NTD. The CTD of Q9HJ63_THEAC and Q2LQ23_SYNAS is best characterized as a treble-clef zinc finger. Two significant structural differences between Q9HJ63_THEAC and Q2LQ23_SYNAS involve their metal binding. First, zinc is bound to the putative active site on the NTD of Q9HJ63_THEAC, but is absent from the NTD of Q2LQ23_SYNAS. Second, whereas the structure of the CTD of Q2LQ23_SYNAS shows four Cys side chains within coordination distance of the Zn atom, the structure of Q9HJ63_THEAC is atypical for a treble-cleft zinc finger in that three Cys side chains and an Asp side chain are within coordination distance of the zinc. PMID:20944230

Axelrod, Herbert L.; Das, Debanu; Abdubek, Polat; Astakhova, Tamara; Bakolitsa, Constantina; Carlton, Dennis; Chen, Connie; Chiu, Hsiu-Ju; Clayton, Thomas; Deller, Marc C.; Duan, Lian; Ellrott, Kyle; Farr, Carol L.; Feuerhelm, Julie; Grant, Joanna C.; Grzechnik, Anna; Han, Gye Won; Jaroszewski, Lukasz; Jin, Kevin K.; Klock, Heath E.; Knuth, Mark W.; Kozbial, Piotr; Krishna, S. Sri; Kumar, Abhinav; Lam, Winnie W.; Marciano, David; McMullan, Daniel; Miller, Mitchell D.; Morse, Andrew T.; Nigoghossian, Edward; Nopakun, Amanda; Okach, Linda; Puckett, Christina; Reyes, Ron; Sefcovic, Natasha; Tien, Henry J.; Trame, Christine B.; van den Bedem, Henry; Weekes, Dana; Wooten, Tiffany; Xu, Qingping; Hodgson, Keith O.; Wooley, John; Elsliger, Marc-Andre; Deacon, Ashley M.; Godzik, Adam; Lesley, Scott A.; Wilson, Ian A.

2010-01-01

238

Abstract--Sociological models (e.g., social network analysis, small-group dynamic and gang models) have historically been used  

E-print Network

Abstract--Sociological models (e.g., social network analysis, small-group dynamic and gang models-Volterra, a biological model that is based on a predator-prey relationship, is applied to a highly suggestive case study the behavior of terrorist organizations [1]. However, sociological models were originally intended to study

Darken, Christian J.

239

SAPSM: Smart Adaptive 802.11 PSM for Smartphones Andrew J. Pyles, Xin Qi, Gang Zhou, Matthew Keally and Xue Liu  

E-print Network

SAPSM: Smart Adaptive 802.11 PSM for Smartphones Andrew J. Pyles, Xin Qi, Gang Zhou, Matthew Keally on Smartphones. Through controlled experiments, we find that WiFi power management on a wide variety of Smartphones is a largely autonomous process that is processed completely at the driver level. Driver level im

Zhou, Gang

240

Relationships with Adults as Predictors of Substance Use, Gang Involvement, and Threats to Safety among Disadvantaged Urban High-School Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a resilience framework, the authors examined the protective effects of parental support, self-disclosure to parents, parent-initiated monitoring of adolescent behavior, and relationships with school personnel on three critical problems of adolescents: substance use, gang involvement, and perceived threats to safety at school. The sample…

Ryan, Linda G.; Miller-Loessi, Karen; Nieri, Tanya

2007-01-01

241

A Cost-Effective LSH Filter for Fast Pairwise Mining Gang Zhao, Yun Xiong, Longbing Cao, Dan Luo, Xuchun Su and Yangyong Zhu  

E-print Network

. The particularly interesting and well-studied case in data mining is Hamming space, which is related to the MarketA Cost-Effective LSH Filter for Fast Pairwise Mining Gang Zhao, Yun Xiong, Longbing Cao, Dan Luo Sydney, NSW, Australia Email: {lbcao,dluo,xsu}@it.uts.edu.au Abstract--The pairwise mining problem

Cao, Longbing

242

On the Relationship between Bonding Theory and Youth Gang Resistance in U.S. 8th Graders: Competing Structural Equation Models with Latent Structure Indirect Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a study of 5285 8th graders from the Gang Resistance and Education Training (G.R.E.A.T.) research, this study applied Travis Hirschi's social bonding theory to examine the curriculum's efficacy in increasing conventional bonding (friends with positive peers, succeeding at education etc.) and decreasing non-conventional bonding (drug…

Vander Horst, Anthony

2012-01-01

243

Comparing land use change and climate change as drivers of hydrological change in the Upper Ganges basin, India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantifying how land use changes and climate change affect hydrological components is a challenge in hydrological science and especially in the tropics where many regions are considered data sparse. The Upper Ganges river basin (India) experiences almost every year monsoon flooding (for instance: summer 2013 floods over northern India). Studies have shown that there is evidence of strong coupling between the land surface (soil moisture) and atmosphere (precipitation) in North India which means that regional climate variations and changes in landscape are influencing the temporal dynamics of land-atmosphere interactions. This study aims to quantify how land use changes and climate change affect the hydrological response of the Upper Ganges (UG) river basin. High-resolution historic land cover maps for northern India were developed, based on satellite imagery, for the years from 1984 to 2010. Future scenarios of land cover were produced for year 2035 using Markov chain analysis. Climate change scenarios were derived from downscaled CIMP5 data from 16 participating models. The distributed version of the land surface model JULES was dynamically coupled with the crop model InfoCrop to allow for dynamic representation of crop growth. The coupled system was calibrated against measured daily stream flow data and run under different future land cover and climate change scenarios, to obtain hydrological projections for the UG basin. We investigate the impact of seasonal and inter-annual land use changes as well as the impact of climate change by calculating annual variations in hydrological components (stream flow, evapotranspiration and soil moisture) during the simulation period. Significant differences on the long-term hydrologic fluxes arise under future land cover and climate change scenarios pointing towards a severe increase in high extremes of flow. The changes in all examined hydrological components are greater in the combined land use and climate change scenario compared to land use change and climate change scenarios individually. This work helps prioritizing adaptation strategies and regional land-use planning to improve Northern India's water resources.

Tsarouchi, Georgia-Marina; Buytaert, Wouter

2014-05-01

244

SAC Minutes May 28, 2014 SAC Members & Alternate Members present  

E-print Network

SAC Minutes � May 28, 2014 1 SAC Members & Alternate Members present: Delegated Office Director Mary Smith NIDCD Zelia Pulliam ASRB Nic D'Ascoli NIDCR Jimmy Sanders BPA Zedekiah Worsham #12;SAC; and NBS Systems Holds Job Aid. 4. The next Simplified Acquisition Committee (SAC) Meeting will be held

Rau, Don C.

245

Emotional Hooligan: Post-Subcultural Research and the Histories of Britain’s Football Gangs  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT This review,essay,looks,anew,at the connection,between ‘deviant’ football hooligan literature and contemporary,football hooligan,subcultures.,It considers some,implications,for the,study,of male,dominated,hooligan,subcultures,and the methodologies,to be employed.,The essay,draws,on new research,work,into the ‘low’ sport journalism,genre of British football hooliganism literature, involving a comprehensive collection and reading of myriad football hooligan,fan memoirs,as well as interviews,with,participants.,It shows that although,hooligan,subcultures disappeared from the mainstream media gaze for a time during the

Steve Redhead

246

The role of water use patterns and sewage pollution in incidence of water-borne\\/enteric diseases along the Ganges river in Varanasi, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Varanasi, India, an estimated 200 million liters daily or more of untreated human sewage is discharged into the Ganges River. River water monitoring over the past 12 years has demonstrated faecal coliform counts up to 10 MPN (most probable number) per 100 ml and biological oxygen demand levels averaging over 40 mg\\/l in the most polluted part of the river in Varanasi.

Steve Hamner; Anshuman Tripathi; Rajesh Kumar Mishra; Nik Bouskill; Susan C. Broadaway; Barry H. Pyle; Timothy E. Ford

2006-01-01

247

An Analysis of Cataloging Copy: Library of Congress vs. Selected RLIN Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study conducted at Cornell University that compared high-quality member cataloging copy from a random sample of records on the Research Libraries Information Network (RLIN) with Library of Congress cataloging copy. Implications for training support staff to handle member copy are suggested, and the expansion of cooperative cataloging…

McCue, Janet; And Others

1991-01-01

248

Netball team members, but not hobby group members, distinguish team characteristics from group characteristics.  

PubMed

Research on groups is often applied to sport teams, and research on teams is often applied to groups. This study investigates the extent to which individuals have distinct schemas for groups and teams. A list of team and group characteristics was generated from 250 individuals, for use in this and related research. Questions about teams versus groups carry an a priori implication that differences exist; therefore, list items were presented to new participants and were analyzed using signal detection theory, which can accommodate a finding of no detectable difference between a nominated category and similar items. Participants were 30 members from each of the following: netball teams, the general public, and hobby groups. Analysis revealed few features that set groups apart from teams; however, teams were perceived as more structured and demanding, requiring commitment and effort toward shared goals. Team and group characteristics were more clearly defined to team members than they were to other participant groups. The research has implications for coaches and practitioners. PMID:17568070

Stillman, Jennifer A; Fletcher, Richard B; Carr, Stuart C

2007-04-01

249

Leader–Member Exchange Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Leader–Member Exchange (LMX) theory first emerged in the 1970s. It conceptualizes leadership as a process of interaction\\u000a between leader and follower and centers on the dyadic exchange relationships between both. The leader–follower relationships\\u000a within work groups are split up into a set of working relationships between a leader and the various members of the work team\\u000a (Van Breukelen et

Ingo Winkler

250

7 CFR 982.32 - Initial members and nomination of successor members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Initial members and nomination of successor members. 982.32 ...Board § 982.32 Initial members and nomination of successor members. (a) Members...successors have been selected. (b) Nominations for successor handler...

2010-01-01

251

To see or not to see: investigating detectability of Ganges River dolphins using a combined visual-acoustic survey.  

PubMed

Detection of animals during visual surveys is rarely perfect or constant, and failure to account for imperfect detectability affects the accuracy of abundance estimates. Freshwater cetaceans are among the most threatened group of mammals, and visual surveys are a commonly employed method for estimating population size despite concerns over imperfect and unquantified detectability. We used a combined visual-acoustic survey to estimate detectability of Ganges River dolphins (Platanista gangetica gangetica) in four waterways of southern Bangladesh. The combined visual-acoustic survey resulted in consistently higher detectability than a single observer-team visual survey, thereby improving power to detect trends. Visual detectability was particularly low for dolphins close to meanders where these habitat features temporarily block the view of the preceding river surface. This systematic bias in detectability during visual-only surveys may lead researchers to underestimate the importance of heavily meandering river reaches. Although the benefits of acoustic surveys are increasingly recognised for marine cetaceans, they have not been widely used for monitoring abundance of freshwater cetaceans due to perceived costs and technical skill requirements. We show that acoustic surveys are in fact a relatively cost-effective approach for surveying freshwater cetaceans, once it is acknowledged that methods that do not account for imperfect detectability are of limited value for monitoring. PMID:24805782

Richman, Nadia I; Gibbons, James M; Turvey, Samuel T; Akamatsu, Tomonari; Ahmed, Benazir; Mahabub, Emile; Smith, Brian D; Jones, Julia P G

2014-01-01

252

To See or Not to See: Investigating Detectability of Ganges River Dolphins Using a Combined Visual-Acoustic Survey  

PubMed Central

Detection of animals during visual surveys is rarely perfect or constant, and failure to account for imperfect detectability affects the accuracy of abundance estimates. Freshwater cetaceans are among the most threatened group of mammals, and visual surveys are a commonly employed method for estimating population size despite concerns over imperfect and unquantified detectability. We used a combined visual-acoustic survey to estimate detectability of Ganges River dolphins (Platanista gangetica gangetica) in four waterways of southern Bangladesh. The combined visual-acoustic survey resulted in consistently higher detectability than a single observer-team visual survey, thereby improving power to detect trends. Visual detectability was particularly low for dolphins close to meanders where these habitat features temporarily block the view of the preceding river surface. This systematic bias in detectability during visual-only surveys may lead researchers to underestimate the importance of heavily meandering river reaches. Although the benefits of acoustic surveys are increasingly recognised for marine cetaceans, they have not been widely used for monitoring abundance of freshwater cetaceans due to perceived costs and technical skill requirements. We show that acoustic surveys are in fact a relatively cost-effective approach for surveying freshwater cetaceans, once it is acknowledged that methods that do not account for imperfect detectability are of limited value for monitoring. PMID:24805782

Richman, Nadia I.; Gibbons, James M.; Turvey, Samuel T.; Akamatsu, Tomonari; Ahmed, Benazir; Mahabub, Emile; Smith, Brian D.; Jones, Julia P. G.

2014-01-01

253

Influence of hydrologic and anthropogenic factors on the abundance variability of enteropathogens in the Ganges estuary, a cholera endemic region.  

PubMed

This study deals with the influence of water physico-chemical properties, tides, rainfall and fecal pollution on the abundance of enteropathogens in a main distributary of the Ganges, in the endemic cholera belt of West Bengal. Between January and June 2011, water and sediments were sampled from two sites of the Hooghly River by Kolkata and Diamond Harbour. Counts of cultivable Vibrio (CVC, from~10(2) to~10(5)CFU/L) and total bacteria (TBC, from~10(5) to~10(9)CFU/L) increased with water temperature (17°C to 37°C). A combination of variations in tidal height, salinity and turbidity had a distinct influence on CVC, TBC and coliform counts. At Diamond Harbour, a salinity increase from 0.6 to 7.9 was accompanied by a 1000-fold amplification of initial CVC~10(2)CFU/L, whereas higher prevalence of coliforms in Kolkata was related to greater disposal of untreated sewage into the river. Turbidity-dependent variation of CVC was noteworthy, particularly at Diamond Harbour, where CVC in intertidal surface sediments showed an analogous trend as in surface waters, suggesting bentho-pelagic coupling of Vibrio dynamics. Besides the influence of salinity variation with tidal cycles, sediment re-suspension from tidal flats can play a role on Vibrio abundance in aquatic ecosystems. PMID:24291141

Batabyal, Prasenjit; Einsporn, Marc H; Mookerjee, Subham; Palit, Anup; Neogi, Sucharit B; Nair, Gopinath B; Lara, Rubén J

2014-02-15

254

Geochemical fractionation of trace elements in sediments of Hugli River (Ganges) and Sundarban wetland (West Bengal, India).  

PubMed

A sequential extraction procedure was carried out to determinate the concentrations of 11 elements (Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn) in different geochemical phases of sediments collected along the Hugli (Ganges) River Estuary and in the Sundarban mangrove wetland, eastern coastal part of India. The chemical speciation of elements was determined using the three-step sequential extraction procedure described by the European Community Bureau of Reference. Total metal concentration was determined using a microwave-assisted acid digestion procedure. Metal concentrations were near the background level except for As for which a moderate pollution can be hypothesized. The mobility order of the metals was: Cd?>?Mn?>?Cu?>?Zn?>?As?>?Co?>?Pb?>?Ni?>?Fe?>?Cr?>?Al. The highest percentage of Cd (>60%) was found in the most labile phase. Residual fraction was prevailing for Fe, Cr and Al, while Pb was mainly associated with the reducible fraction. Data were compared with Sediment Quality Guidelines to estimate the relationship between element concentrations and adverse biological effects on benthic community, finding the possibility of some toxic effects due to the presence of As in the entire studied area and Cd, only in Calcutta. PMID:22270595

Massolo, Serena; Bignasca, Antonello; Sarkar, Santosh Kumar; Chatterjee, Mousumi; Bhattacharya, Bhaskar Deb; Alam, Aftab

2012-12-01

255

Analysis of the Ganges-Brahmaputra deltaic network: The signature of delta forming processes, vegetation and anthropogenic disturbance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Deltas are complex eco-geomorphic systems where features coexist over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. The intricate co-evolution of water, sediment, and biota that creates and maintains these systems is reflected in the patterns we observe in coastal areas around the world. Such systems are known to be fragile and vulnerable to climate and anthropogenic disturbance that can severely undermine their eco-geomorphic equilibrium, resulting into substantial loss of people, environmental services, and economic resources. With the goal of improving our understanding of the formation of deltaic patterns and their evolution, we present an analysis framework of deltaic drainage networks based on the example of the Ganges-Brahmaputra system, one of the largest deltas in the world. We show results from a weighted connectivity analysis of the drainage patterns extracted from satellite imagery. Metrics such as island geometry, spatial distribution of island type, and nearest edge distance are able to capture the distinction of several portions of the delta controlled by different processes (tidal dominated, mature, moribund, and active). We also show that the influence of vegetation type and of agriculturally driven modifications is reflected in the deltaic network and captured by the proposed analysis framework. Finally, we present initial indications of the influence of connectivity and water availability on sediment supply.

Passalacqua, P.; Lanzoni, S.; Paola, C.; Rinaldo, A.

2012-12-01

256

Description of two new species of ectoparasitic Trichodina Ehrenberg, 1830 (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) from freshwater fishes in the river Ganges, India.  

PubMed

Two new species of the genus Trichodina Ehrenberg, 1838, T. silondiata sp. nov. and T. pangasi sp. nov. from the gills of freshwater fish Silonia silondia (Hamilton 1822) and Pangasius pangasius (Hamilton-Buchanan) respectively from the river Ganges of West Bengal are described here. Wet smears of gills and skins were prepared in the field, air dried and impregnated with Klein's dry silver method. In case of S. silondia (Hamilton 1822) 24 out of 146 host fishes were parasitized on the gills. Infestation rate in case of P. pangasius (Hamilton-Buchanan) was not significant. From a total of 86 examined host fish, only seven were parasitized on the gills. The mean diameters of the body of the specimens of T. silondiata sp. nov. and T. pangasi sp. nov. were 32.7-60.6 (46.4 ± 6.3) ?m and 38.9-54.1 (44.9 ± 3.0) ?m respectively. Taxonomic and morphometric data for these ectoparasitic trichodinids based on wet silver nitrate impregnated specimens are presented. PMID:24431538

Mitra, Amlan Kumar; Bandyopadhyay, Probir K; Gong, Yingchun; Goswami, Mrigen; Bhowmik, Biplab

2013-04-01

257

Understanding the roles of NHS trust board members.  

PubMed

The establishment of NHS trust boards on a business format was a recent innovation resulting from the NHS reforms. In order to realize benefits for patients, it is essential that boards operate effectively. Explores within the framework of corporate governance, the practical implications of board member roles. Drawing on experience of strategy formulation at board level, analyses and clarifies the roles, and presents recommendations to increase board effectiveness. PMID:10162758

Deffenbaugh, J

1996-01-01

258

Member Takes Action Against Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ASBO member and chair of New York's School Emergency Response to Violent Events (SERVE) explains how this program tackles violence and teen suicide. SERVE teaches the basic principles of hostage situations, uses a confidential reporting system, and advocates safety audits and risk-reduction strategies. (MLH)

Bertholf, Deedrick

1999-01-01

259

GUIDELINES FOR COURT MEMBERS INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

's concept of education by founding a new University, Marischal College. The College was to be a Liberal Arts education in general. Section 2 explains the role, membership and operation of the Court and your Funding Council (SFC). These Guidelines are merely a starting point for your induction as a Court member

Levi, Ran

260

December, 2012 Dear RAPS Member,  

E-print Network

December, 2012 Dear RAPS Member, "Within the next two decades, nearly one in five Americans on gerontology. Therefore, the Retirement Association of Portland State (RAPS) established a scholarship fund for students who focus their studies in the area of gerontology. The first RAPS scholarship was awarded

Bertini, Robert L.

261

Board Member Profiles Kristen Blotz  

E-print Network

is a senior lecturer and clinical instructor at Edgewood College, where she teaches community/public health as a clinical nurse specialist in public health nursing and a member of the Association of Community Health Nurse Educators (ACHNE), American Public Health Association, Wisconsin Public Health Association

Sheridan, Jennifer

262

Hypsometry of oceanic lithosphere with implications for Venus  

E-print Network

HYPSOMETRY OF OCEANIC LITHOSPHERE WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR VENUS A Thesis by JOHN VAN SANT HARV'Y Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August... 1982 Major Subject: Geophysics HYI'SOMETRY OF OCEANIC LITHOSPHERE WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR VENUS A Thesis by JOHN VAN SANT HARVEY Approved as to style and content by: ( hairman of Committee) (Member) (Member ) (Member) (Head of Department...

Harvey, John Van Sant

2012-06-07

263

Epidemiological study of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis along the Geum-gang (River) in Okcheon-gun (County), Korea  

PubMed Central

The endemic status of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis along the Geum-gang (River) in Okcheon-gun (County) in Korea was examined. From February to December 2000, stools of total 1,081 inhabitants living in 5 villages were examined. Each stool specimen was examined by both the cellophane thick smear method and the formalin-ether sedimentation technique. Egg-positive cases were further analyzed by Stoll's egg-counting technique, and praziquantel was administered to positive cases. The egg-positive rates for Clonorchis sinensis and Metagonimus species were 9.3% and 5.5%, respectively, and the double infection rate was 3.5%. The numbers of eggs per gram (EPG) of feces of C. sinensis and Metagonimus sp. were 918±1,463 and 711±947, respectively. The egg-positive rates for C. sinensis and Metagonimus sp. in the riverside area were 14.2% and 8.4%, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the inland area (3.2% and 1.7%, respectively). The egg-positive rates of C. sinensis and Metagonimus sp. in males (16.7% and 10.0%) were significantly higher than those of females (3.5% and 1.8%). However, there were no significant differences of EPG values between localities and sexes. The prevalence of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis in this survey was significantly lower than that in the previous reports. However, there is still a high prevalence of infection with C. sinensis and Metagonimus sp. in this region, especially in the riverside area. PMID:11949215

Lee, Gye-Sung; Cho, In-Sung; Noh, Hyung-Jun; Shin, Dae-Whan; Lee, Sok-Goo; Lee, Tae-Yong

2002-01-01

264

Effects of seasonal and inter-annual land cover changes on the hydrology of the Upper Ganges basin, India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent decades India has undergone substantial environmental change. The expansion of agricultural land area to meet the demand of a rapidly increasing population and the increasing intensification of groundwater extractions have led to an alarming drop in the water table levels. The recent floods over northern India have raised concerns about how the regional climate variations and human induced changes in landscape are influencing the temporal dynamics of climate-surface-groundwater interactions. Earlier work by the authors developed high-resolution land cover maps for northern India, based on satellite imagery, for the years 1984, 1998 and 2010. These maps were used to drive the distributed version of the land surface model JULES in order to investigate the impact of inter-annual land cover changes in the hydrology of the Upper Ganges (UG) river basin in India. However, JULES in its current version does not simulate crop growth. Since 60% of the study area is occupied by agriculture, the model was improved with routines that allow for dynamic representation of crop growth. The parametrization was done for the two main crops of the UG basin (wheat and rice), allowing for 2 cropping seasons per year. The impact of seasonal and inter-annual land cover changes was investigated by calculating variations in hydrological components such as stream flow, evapotranspiration and soil moisture. The results show that the seasonal cycle is changing a lot when crop growth is taken into account, whereas annual fluxes do not change much. The dynamic coupling of land-surface schemes and crop models is an essential step toward the analysis of future changes of water resources in India caused by climate change, land use change, and potential interactions between both. This is a prerequisite for constructing decision support tools for regional land-use planning and management.

Tsarouchi, G.; Mijic, A.; Buytaert, W.

2013-12-01

265

\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two competing views about the role of gangs and gang mem- bers in drug sales. The first argues that street gangs are well-organized purveyors of illegal drugs who reinvest the profits from drug sales into the gang. A second approach rejects this notion. Its proponents claim that drug sales by gangs are seldom well-organized and that gang members

SCOTT H. DECKER

1995-01-01

266

Method of laminating structural members  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A laminate is obtained by providing a lightweight core material, such as a honeycombed plastic or metal, within the cavity defined by an annular mold cavity frame. Face sheets, which are to be bonded to the core material, are provided on opposite sides of the frame and extend over the frame, thus sealing the core material in the cavity. An adhesive is provided between the core material and the face sheets and the combined thickness of the core material and adhesive is a close fit within the opposed face sheets. A gas tight seal, such as an O-ring gasket, is provided between the frame and the face sheet members to form a gas tight cavity between the face sheet members and the frame. External heat and pressure are used to bond the face sheets to the core material. Gas pressure is introduced into the sealed cavity to minimize out-gasing of the adhesive.

Heier, W. C. (inventor)

1974-01-01

267

Method of freeing a hollow tubular member  

SciTech Connect

A hollow tubular member, such as a drill string member (15,16), stuck by differential pressure against the side wall of a wellbore (10), is released by measuring (21) the temperature distribution around the circumference of the member, determining from this measurement the side which is stuck (17), and then perforating (22) the member at the stuck side to flow fluid into the formation and equalize the pressure behind the stuck portion of the member.

Cooke, C.E.; Robinson, L.H.

1984-05-15

268

Modeling Floodplain Dynamics: Can the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta keep pace with 21st Century Sea Level Rise?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The low-lying Ganges-Brahmaputra (G-B) Delta in Bangladesh is densely populated (~1200 people/km2) and could be flooded within the next century by rapid sea level rise and increased monsoonal rains. The G-B Rivers currently transport 1*109 tons of sediment from their basins in the Himalaya Mountains to the delta each year, with ~90% of the annual sediment load delivered during the Asian summer monsoon. Sediment distribution across the delta's surface by floods and coastal storms has kept pace with the rate of relative sea level rise along the Bengal coast, enabling the delta to maintain a positive elevation. However, ensemble Community Climate System Model experiments predict 11% higher monsoonal rainfall for the next century, potentially leading to extreme flooding events in the delta. Stratigraphic reconstructions show that sedimentation in the upper G-B floodplain was more than doubled under the Early Holocene enhanced monsoonal regime, suggesting that the delta may withstand an increase in monsoon intensity, flooding, and tropical cyclones that are currently predicted. Whether the G-B floodplains and coastal areas will ultimately drown under predicted sea level rise and monsoon intensification depends on a balance of aggradation, eustatic sea level rise and subsidence. To improve predictions of climatic forcing on aggradation rates in the lower G-B floodplain and coastal plain, direct sedimentation measurements collected in 2008 and 2012 in the lower delta are paired with a series of model components coupled within the Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System (CSDMS) Modeling Tool (CMT). We use three separate numerical models to simulate river basin sediment flux, floodplain sedimentation, and tidal-plain aggradation. The model inputs are based on available 20Th century climate and river gauge data, and outputs are compared to modern sedimentation rates within the G-B tidal delta and highly cultivated central coastal plain. The models are then used to test the response of the G-B sediment dispersal system under various climate scenarios and anthropogenic influences, including: increased precipitation and coastal water levels; changes in glacial coverage in the Himalayas; and greater sediment storage within man-made reservoirs. This quantitative modeling approach will help assess the process-response mechanisms of the G-B sediment dispersal system, better constraining the impact of flooding dynamics on basin sediment production and aggradation within the highly populated delta plain.

Rogers, K. G.; Overeem, I.

2013-12-01

269

Delta Morphodynamics Matters! Ecosystem Services, Poverty and Morphodynamic Change in the Ganges-Brahmaputra Mega-Delta  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The world's deltas are probably the most vulnerable type of coastal environment, and they face multiple stresses in the coming decades. These stresses include, amongst others, local drivers due to land subsidence, population growth and urbanisation within the deltas, regional drivers due to changes in catchment management (e.g. upstream land use and dam construction), as well as global climate change impacts such as sea-level rise. At the same time, the ecosystem services of river deltas support high population densities, with around 14% of the global population inhabiting deltas. A large proportion of these people experience extremes of poverty and they are therefore severely exposed to vulnerability from environmental and ecological stress and degradation. In areas close to or below the poverty boundary, both subsistence and cash elements of the economy tend to rely disproportionately heavily on ecosystem services which underpin livelihoods. Therefore, to sustainably manage delta environments they must be viewed as complex social-environmental systems where change is only partially driven by physical drivers such as sea level rise and climate change, and human-induced development activities are also critical. Here we outline a new conceptual framework for the development of methods to understand and characterise the key drivers of change in ecosystem services that affect the environment and economic status of populous deltas, focusing specifically on the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) mega-delta. The GBM delta is characterised by densely populated coastal lowlands with significant poverty, with livelihoods supported to a large extent by natural ecosystems such as the Sunderbahns (the largest mangrove forest in the world). However, the GBM delta is under severe development pressure due to many growing cities. At present the importance of ecosystems services to poverty and livelihoods is poorly understood. This is due to due to the complexity of interactions between physical drivers, environmental pressures and the human responses to stresses and the resultant impacts on ecosystems. We argue that since the availability of land exerts a fundamental control on the nature and quality of ecosystem services (e.g., agriculture, flood regulation, etc. versus fisheries), an understanding of delta morphodynamic processes is central to the ecosystem services framework. We present an overview of the historical (~last two centuries) morphodynamic evolution of the GBM delta and demonstrate the effects that these changes have had on trade-offs in the nature of ecosystem services that are accessed by the inhabitants of the GBM delta system.

Nicholls, R. J.; Adger, N.; Allan, A.; Darby, S. E.; Hutton, C.; Matthews, Z.; Rahman, M.; Whitehead, P. G.; Wolf, J.

2013-12-01

270

Spouse Support, Career Continuance, and Family Life in the Reserve Components: A Study of Members and Spouses of the Virginia National Guard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey responses of 2,427 married members of the Virginia Army National Guard and 1,540 members' spouses suggest that spouses are strongly committed to career continuance with the Guard and have greater preference for continuance than do Guard members themselves. Implications for family policies in the military reserves are discussed. (SLD)

Green, Robert G.; Harris, Robert N., Jr.

1992-01-01

271

19 CFR 122.49b - Electronic manifest requirement for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft arriving in, continuing within...Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft arriving in, continuing...

2012-04-01

272

19 CFR 122.49b - Electronic manifest requirement for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft arriving in, continuing within...Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft arriving in, continuing...

2013-04-01

273

19 CFR 122.49b - Electronic manifest requirement for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft arriving in, continuing within...Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft arriving in, continuing...

2010-04-01

274

19 CFR 122.49b - Electronic manifest requirement for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft...  

...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft arriving in, continuing within...Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft arriving in, continuing...

2014-04-01

275

19 CFR 122.49b - Electronic manifest requirement for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft arriving in, continuing within...Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft arriving in, continuing...

2011-04-01

276

The Outlook is G.R.E.A.T.: What Educators Say About School-Based Prevention and the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a survey of administrators, counselors, and teachers from middle schools involved in the National Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program. This survey was part of a multisite evaluation that also elicited the responses of students, parents, and officers teaching the G.R.E.A.T. program.…

Peterson, Dana; Esbensen, Finn-Aage

2004-01-01

277

Distribution and Mobilization of Arsenic in the Ganges plain sedimentary deposits of South-western Bangladesh; implications from field and laboratory observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The variation of arsenic concentration depending on sediment size and its depositional age in a variety of sediments extracted from four As contaminated sites of the southwestern Bangladesh were studied to elucidate the aquifer geological parameters that controls the vertical As distribution and mobilization in the sediment-water interface. It was found that sediment size, reactive surface area, relative depositional age and presence of other carrier minerals having higher affinity to adsorb As, may greatly dominate the arsenic accumulation. Sorption of As onto sediment surfaces was found to vary based on the variation of the particle diameters (2 to 250 ?m), which eventually reflects the role of geological materials in controlling the As distribution in various depositional layers. Medium sands commonly found in the deeper aquifer (~150m), being older in age (> 7000 yrs BP) and having relatively larger diameter (?~250 ?m) were found to contain relatively low amount of As (0.8 ?g/g) whereas higher As (5 to 25 ?g/g) was identified noticeably in the recently deposited and reasonably younger (100 to 1000 yrs BP) sediment particles including clay and finer sands that commonly have moderately smaller diameter (?~2 to 90 ?m). These observations were supported strongly by the findings obtained from the laboratory batch adsorption tests conducted with those sediments. Presence of As was also observed to be greatly dependent on the availability of its carrier minerals particularly Fe and Al oxide/hydroxide along the aquifer depths. Clay particles with relatively moderate Fe and Al oxide minerals was found to adsorb as much as 70 ?g/g As whereas medium sand with less Fe and Al oxide minerals were noticed to capture only 4 ?g/g of As in the batch adsorption test. In laboratory leaching test, significant amount of As (12 ?g/g) coupled with Fe (4.8 mg/g) were found to be leached out from the shallower brown clay by using sodium bicarbonate (pH~9) as the leaching agent. This implies that bicarbonate may play a key role in triggering the desorption of As in the upper shallower aquifers that explains the high As pollution there, whereas insignificant As that was desorbed from the deeper medium sand suggests that the As mobilization is not an usual phenomena in the later one.

Rahman, M.; Mano, A.; Udo, K.; Ishibashi, Y.; Han, Y.

2011-12-01

278

NAMA Members' Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility  

E-print Network

-Marketing Association (NAMA) members' perceptions of their roles in CSR and acceptable practices for releasing data about an organization, and whether NAMA members' demographic characteristics were related to perceptions of CSR. The greatest number of respondents...

Price, Lacy Michelle

2011-10-21

279

17 CFR 190.09 - Member property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION BANKRUPTCY § 190.09 Member property. (a) Member property...property” means, in connection with a clearing organization bankruptcy, the property which may be used to pay that portion...

2010-04-01

280

32 CFR 884.10 - Returning members, employees, and family members from overseas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO UNITED STATES CIVILIAN AUTHORITIES FOR... § 884.10 Returning members, employees, and family...9, Compliance of DoD Members, Employees, and Family Members Outside the United States With Court...

2010-07-01

281

New Member Education Formal Rush Week  

E-print Network

use: · Active members/Fraternity Leadership · NME Educators · IFC members · Student Affairs #12;Hazing · No chapter or individual member may participate in or condone any hazing activities. Permission or approval by a person being hazed is not a defense. Hazing activities are defined in accordance with the W&L Student

Marsh, David

282

Crushing behavior of lightmass structural member  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) of the advanced composite materials is widely used in lightmass structural materials of air planes, ship and automobiles because of high strength and stiffness. In this study, experimental investigation was performed for each specimen. The square section members consist of aluminum, CFRP and hybrid (aluminum\\/CFRP) member, and hat-shaped section members consist of CFRP and hybrid

Kil-Sung LEE; Yong-June YANG; Woo-Chae HWANG; In-Young YANG

2009-01-01

283

Geomorphology and Landscape Evolution Model for the natural and human-impacted regions of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Delta  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta (GBMD) in south Asia is generally considered a tide-dominated system, but much of the subaerial delta plain is geomorphically similar to river-dominated systems such as the Mississippi River delta, with a well-developed distributary network separated by low-lying, organic-rich interdistributary basins. By contrast, the lower GBMD is dominated by tidal processes and comprises a 100-km wide coastal plain with dense, interconnected tidal channels that are amalgamated to the seaward edge of the river-dominated portion of the delta. These distinct river- and tide-dominated geomorphic regions are simultaneously sustained by the enormous sediment load of the GBM rivers and its efficient dispersal via the distributary channel network and onshore advection by tides. Together these processes have resulted in the ability of the GBMD to keep pace with sea-level rise throughout the Holocene, with comparatively little shoreline transgression. However, topographic data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) highlight low-lying regions of the delta that are located at the interface of the river- and tide-dominated portions of the delta, where the transport energy of small distributaries and the upper tidal zone go to zero. As a result, these are the most sediment-starved regions of the delta and those most at risk to flooding by the summer monsoon and storm surges. Compounding the slow rates of sedimentation and high local organic content, these regions have been strongly affected by the construction of embankments (polders) that artificially de-water the soils and accelerate organic decomposition during the dry season, and further starve the land surface of sediment. Here, we present an integrated conceptual model for the geomorphic evolution of the GBMD that incorporates river- and tide-dominated regions in conjunction with channel-avulsion processes and delta-lobe construction. Each of these is also overprinted by tectonic deformation and human-landscape modifications. A key goal of this model is to explain the wide-scale distribution of coarse-grained river-borne sediment (predominantly sand) that forms the underlying architecture of the GBMD, with only localized preservation of fine-grained (silt and clay) deposits. Finally, analysis of the channel networks in the tidal delta plain reveal that constructed embankments have significantly decreased the density of naturally functioning tidal channels, inducing locally rapid bank migration and affiliated changes in sinuosity. These rapid landscape changes suggest that there has been a resultant change in hydrodynamics of the tidal delta plain following widespread construction of the embankments. With concern to assess landscape vulnerabilities to environmental change and renewed efforts to rehabilitate and stabilize the embankments, this information is needed to support the successful outcome of coastal defense initiatives.

Wilson, C.; Goodbred, S. L.; Wallace Auerbach, L.; Ahmed, K.; Paola, C.; Reitz, M. D.; Pickering, J.

2013-12-01

284

Late Pleistocene to Holocene soil development and environments in the Long Gang Volcanic Field area, Jilin Province, NE China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Late Pleistocene to Holocene shifts of climate and vegetation in the Long Gang Volcanic Field in NE China have been reconstructed, e. g. by Steblich et al. (2009), based on Maar lake sediment cores. In this study, we investigated soil development during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene and linked it to the climate and vegetation reported in the literature. Three pedons were described and analyzed on a crater wall surrounding a maar. The lower part of the slope is covered by basic pyroclastics that are obviously younger than the maar itself. Pedon 1 is located on the upper slope, where the younger pyroclastics are not present; thus it developed over the entire Holocene and part of the Late Pleistocene. Pedon 2 is on the toe slope and developed from the young basic pyroclastics. Vegetation remains, charred by fire that was caused by the volcanic ash fall, were found in the lowermost part of the pyroclastics layer, on top of a paleosol. Charcoal fragments were dated to 18950-18830 cal BP (using INTCAL 09). Thus, pedon 2 developed since around 18.9 ka BP, whereas the development of the paleosol that was buried under the pyroclastics (pedon 3), was stopped at this time. Pedons 1 and 2 are Vitric Andosols, developed mainly from basic pyroclastics, as evidenced by the composition of rock fragments in the soils, comprising 78 / 81 mass % lapilli and 22 / 19 mass % gneiss fragments, respectively. Pedon 3 is a Cutanic Luvisol (Chromic) that developed entirely from gneiss fragments produced by the maar explosion. Lab data suggest increasing intensity of pedogenesis in the direction: Pedon 3 (paleosol) < Pedon 2 < Pedon 1, reflected e. g. in increasing Fed/Fet ratios, decreasing molar ratios of (Ca+K+Na)/Al, and decreasing pH. However, it needs to be considered that lapilli are more readily weatherable than gneiss fragments. The profile morphology of the paleosol, characterized by reddish-brown color (7.5YR), strong angular blocky structure and well-expressed illuvial clay coatings, rather indicates that it developed over a longer time-span and/or warmer climate than the two yellowish-brown surface soils. Since the morphology of the paleosol clearly reflects interglacial climatic conditions and forest cover, it most likely started developing during the Eemian. Steblich et al. (2009) reconstructed for the period 16.7-14.45 ka BP steppe with Betula (and minor proportions of Larix, Alnus, Picea and Salix). We assume a similar environment for the time of the deposition of the pyroclastics (18.9 ka BP) in the toe slope profile. The character of the steppe was probably more open at this time, but the presence of at least few scattered trees over the steppe is evidenced by a charred tree trunk that was found in the profile. During Holocene, vegetation consisted mainly of deciduous forest, until anthropogenic influence increased from around 1850 AD on. Reference: Steblich, M., Mingram, J., Han, J., Liu, Y. (2009): Late Pleistocene spread of (cool-)temperate forests in Northeast China and climate changes synchronous with the North Atlantic region. Global and Planetary Change, 65, 56-70.

Sauer, Daniela; Zhang, Xinrong; Knöbel, Jette; Maerker, Lutz

2014-05-01

285

Storage-aware Smartphone Energy Savings David T. Nguyen , Gang Zhou , Xin Qi , Ge Peng , Jianing Zhao , Tommy Nguyen  

E-print Network

and introduce energy-efficient approaches to reduce energy consumption. We evaluate power degradation at several, it dynamically configures storage param- eters to reduce energy consumption. We evaluate our proto- type by using the ability to call and text family members, check status up- dates on social media sites, access news

Zhou, Gang

286

FBI DRUGFIRE program: the development and deployment of an automated firearms identification system to support serial, gang, and drug-related shooting investigations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The FBI DRUGFIRE Program entails the continuing phased development and deployment of a scalable automated firearms identification system. The first phase of this system, a networked, database-driven firearms evidence imaging system, has been operational for approximately one year and has demonstrated its effectiveness in facilitating the sharing and linking of firearms evidence collected in serial, gang, and drug-related shooting investigations. However, there is a pressing need for development of enhancements which will more fully automate the system so that it is capable of processing very large volumes of firearms evidence. These enhancements would provide automated image analysis and pattern matching functionalities. Existing `spin off' technologies need to be integrated into the present DRUGFIRE system to automate the 3-D mensuration, registration, feature extraction, and matching of the microtopographical surface features imprinted on the primers of fired casings during firing.

Sibert, Robert W.

1994-03-01

287

Differential Recognition of Members of the Carcinoembryonic Antigen Family by Opa Variants of Neisseria gonorrhoeae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opacity (Opa) protein variation in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is implicated in the pathogenesis of gonorrhea, possibly by mediating adherence and entry of the bacteria into human tissues. One particular Opa protein me- diates adherence to epithelial cells through cell surface proteoglycans. Recently, two other eukaryotic cell recep- tors for Opa proteins have been reported. These receptors are members of a subgroup

MARTINE P. BOS; FRITZ GRUNERT; ROBERT J. BELLAND

1997-01-01

288

Problematizing National Dimensions: Community Members' Views of Conflict Management in Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current exploratory study addresses cultural issues implicated in community members' views of conflict on the island of Trinidad in the nation of Trinidad and Tobago. Respondents who were interviewed described family, organizational, and neighborhood disputes, and their views of conflict and preferences for conflict management differed across these types. The results suggest the utility of examining dialectic tensions rather

Mary Jane Collier; Ruth J. Parsons; Linda Hadeed; Karene-Anne Nathaniel

2011-01-01

289

29 CFR 1912.10 - Terms of continuing committee members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Assistant Secretary could appoint two members representing Federal and State agencies, two members representing employers, two members...two members representing Federal and State agencies, two members representing employers, two...

2010-07-01

290

CME MEMBERS 2011-2012 (Term expirations for voting members shown in parentheses)  

E-print Network

CME MEMBERS 2011-2012 (Term expirations for voting members shown in parentheses) Voting Members Council Chairs Voting Members Dr. Amy Wilson-Delfosse Chair, Basic Science Curriculum Council Pharmacology for the University Program E306 School of Medicine 4924 (216) 368-5189, drw4@case.edu Dr. James B. Young Chair, CCLCM

Rollins, Andrew M.

291

7 CFR 1220.207 - Alternate members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order United Soybean Board § 1220.207 Alternate members. (a) The...

2010-01-01

292

7 CFR 1220.207 - Alternate members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order United Soybean Board § 1220.207 Alternate members. (a) The...

2011-01-01

293

7 CFR 1220.207 - Alternate members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order United Soybean Board § 1220.207 Alternate members. (a) The...

2012-01-01

294

7 CFR 1220.207 - Alternate members.  

...AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order United Soybean Board § 1220.207 Alternate members. (a) The...

2014-01-01

295

7 CFR 1220.207 - Alternate members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order United Soybean Board § 1220.207 Alternate members. (a) The...

2013-01-01

296

Wind Aggregation Via Risky Power Markets Yue Zhao, Member, IEEE, Junjie Qin, Student Member, IEEE, Ram Rajagopal, Member, IEEE,  

E-print Network

--Renewable energy integration, power market, competitive equilibrium, wind aggregation, coalitional game I1 Wind Aggregation Via Risky Power Markets Yue Zhao, Member, IEEE, Junjie Qin, Student Member, IEEE (WPPs) can trade uncertain future power for efficient wind aggregation. A two-settlement market

Zhao, Yue

297

Leaders' behavior and group members' interpersonal gains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early and late in 18 2-day solo-led psychodynamic groups for mental health professionals, 185 participants rated their own behavior and each other's on composite measures of Acceptance versus Rejection of Self (ARS) and of Others (ARO). Only on ARO were leaders consistently rated more favorably than members. Considered by group units, members' mean ratings of peers made modest but significant

John R. Hurley

1986-01-01

298

Solar energy conversion arrangement utilizing photovoltaic members  

Microsoft Academic Search

An arrangement for converting solar energy directly to electrical energy is disclosed herein and utilizes a group of photovoltaic-like panel members, each of which is designed to convert solar energy into electrical energy by developing a voltage across opposite terminals thereof in response to and dependent upon its collection of solar energy. These panel members are electrically interconnected together in

1983-01-01

299

Managing Non-Productive University Faculty Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how chairpersons of physical education departments in North American universities identify and manage their marginal faculty members, in the context of an exploratory model suggested by O'Reilly and Wietz (1980). Up to 15% of faculty members are perceived as being nonproductive or marginal, but very few are ever dismissed. Proposes some…

Jackson, John; Muir, Walter

1994-01-01

300

Going Global: Dispatches from Experienced Board Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Board members are increasingly being asked to bless a variety of international engagements. But how many trustees truly understand how to evaluate opportunities or assess potential risks? The author interviewed board members at institutions that already have committed significant resources to global agendas. These interviewees represent a wide…

Lovett, Clara M.

2011-01-01

301

Understanding and Limiting School Board Member Liability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a primer on board-member liability issues and is intended for both board members and school attorneys. The first chapter, "The Legal System," examines federal sources of legal authority, state and local sources of legal authority, and federal and state judicial structures. Liability under state tort law is the subject of chapter 2,…

Hodges, Terry; Jones, Stephanie; Purvis, Mary L.; Rubin, David B.; Thrasher, Doralee; Underwood, Julie; Watkins, W. David

302

Listening to the Voices of Family Members, Teachers, and Community Members  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study investigates the interrelationships between and among family members and community members who work with middle level children, and middle level teachers from the perspectives of the practitioners.

Musser, P. M.

2004-01-01

303

Variables Which Differentiate Members and Non-Members Of Social Fraternities And Sororities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to differentiate college fraternity and sorority members from non-members, 86 undergraduate students were administered the Eysenck Personality Inventory, Rotter's Internal External Control Scale, Zuckerman's Sensation Seeking Scale, and a biographical data blank. (Editor)

Jacobs, Keith W.; Galvin, Kathryn Sue

1974-01-01

304

20 CFR 653.104 - Services to MSFW family members, farm labor contractors, and crew members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...family members, farm labor contractors, and...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR SERVICES OF THE EMPLOYMENT SERVICE SYSTEM Services for Migrant...family members, farm labor contractors, and...heads prior to the registration of all working...

2010-04-01

305

Distributed Weight Balancing over Digraphs Apostolos I. Rikos, Member, IEEE, Themistoklis Charalambous, Member, IEEE, and  

E-print Network

Distributed Weight Balancing over Digraphs Apostolos I. Rikos, Member, IEEE, Themistoklis Charalambous, Member, IEEE, and Christoforos N. Hadjicostis, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract A weighted digraph is balanced if, for each node, the sum of the weights of the edges outgoing from that node is equal to the sum

Hadjicostis, Christoforos

306

17 CFR 1.59 - Activities of self-regulatory organization employees, governing board members, committee members...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...board members, committee members, and consultants. 1.59 Section 1.59 Commodity...board members, committee members, and consultants. (a) Definitions. For purposes...committee activities; or (iii) Any consultant hired by a self-regulatory...

2010-04-01

307

Continuum of care: Military health care providers and the traumatic brain injured service members.  

PubMed

This article will address and describe the military continuum of care and its implications for the health care providers intimately involved in the treatment of service members who sustain traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Clinical Practice Guidelines have been created and distributed for treatment of TBI sustained by service members in both the deployed setting and in the continental United States (CONUS). The military has established specific levels of care each with specific purpose in the treatment continuum that extends from the battlefield to the most advanced military treatment facility (MTF). The health care providers who care for this particular patient population can also face unique opportunities, challenges and rewards. PMID:20448318

Doncevic, Selina; Boerman, Heidi L

2010-01-01

308

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INSTITUTE LIST OF CURRENT MEMBERS  

E-print Network

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INSTITUTE LIST OF CURRENT MEMBERS Adams, John S. Orthopedic Surgery Bajaj, S. Paul Orthopedic Surgery Banerjee, Utpal Molecular, Cell & Developmental Biology Baum, Linda G Orthopedic Surgery Hill, Kent L. Microbiology, Immunology & Molecular Genetics Hirsch, Ann M. Molecular, Cell

Koehler, Carla

309

7 CFR 985.25 - Alternate members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING ORDER REGULATING THE HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL PRODUCED IN THE FAR WEST Order Regulating Handling Administrative Committee § 985.25 Alternate members....

2011-01-01

310

7 CFR 985.25 - Alternate members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING ORDER REGULATING THE HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL PRODUCED IN THE FAR WEST Order Regulating Handling Administrative Committee § 985.25 Alternate members....

2010-01-01

311

7 CFR 985.25 - Alternate members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING ORDER REGULATING THE HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL PRODUCED IN THE FAR WEST Order Regulating Handling Administrative Committee § 985.25 Alternate members....

2012-01-01

312

7 CFR 985.25 - Alternate members.  

...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING ORDER REGULATING THE HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL PRODUCED IN THE FAR WEST Order Regulating Handling Administrative Committee § 985.25 Alternate members....

2014-01-01

313

7 CFR 985.25 - Alternate members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING ORDER REGULATING THE HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL PRODUCED IN THE FAR WEST Order Regulating Handling Administrative Committee § 985.25 Alternate members....

2013-01-01

314

7 CFR 906.27 - Alternate members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...designate another alternate of the same classification (handler or producer, and to the extent practical, independent, or co-op) to serve in such member's place and stead. In the event of the death, removal, resignation, or...

2010-01-01

315

Thesauri Used by SLA Documentation Division Members.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography lists 115 citations for thesauri most frequently used by members of the Special Libraries Association (SLA) Documentation Division. Entries are arranged alphabetically by author/corporate author, followed by title, imprint and/or alterna...

N. F. Pope

1977-01-01

316

Pedagogical Implications:  

E-print Network

Students have different levels of motivation, different perceptions, attitudes and different responses to learning. Teachers should understand these differences and their pedagogical implications. Accordingly, teachers have to adapt their teaching styles. To be more effective in imparting education, teachers must know their own learning style to enhance the learning of others. This article discusses various learning style preferences pertaining to individual learners and how to match teaching style with the learning styles of the individuals.

unknown authors

317

[Study of an ancient corpse of the Warring States period unearthed from Tomb No. 1 at Guo-Jia Gang in Jingmen City (A comprehensive study)].  

PubMed

An ancient female corpse excavated from the robbed tomb No. 1 at Guo-Jia-Gang in Jingmen city of Hubei Province was studied. It was confirmed that the corpse was buried more than 2,300 years ago, namely at the middle stage of the Warring States period and is the earliest one of the ancient coffin corpses unearthed in China so far. It is of the same type as the ancient corpses of Weatern Han Dynasty excavated from tomb No. 1 at Ma-Wang-Dui in Changsha City and from the tomb No. 168 at Phoenix Hill in Jinagling City respectively. The collagenous fibers of connective tissue from all parts in the corpse were well preserved, showing fine ultrastructure with clear periodical cross banding, and a lot of bacterial spores were found between them. In addition, a large number of eggs of clonorchis sinensis and trichuris trichiura were found in the content of the bowel. The level and the cause of good preservation were discussed and it was believed that the good preservation may result from the combined effect of the internal and external environmental factors around the corpse. PMID:8758736

Wu, Z; Guan, Y; Zhou, Z

1996-01-01

318

19 CFR 122.75b - Electronic manifest requirement for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft departing from the United States...Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Departing From the United States...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft departing from the United...

2010-04-01

319

19 CFR 122.75b - Electronic manifest requirement for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft...  

...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft departing from the United States...Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Departing From the United States...members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft departing from the United...

2014-04-01

320

19 CFR 122.75b - Electronic manifest requirement for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft departing from the...Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Departing From the...for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft departing from...

2013-04-01

321

Why 4-H Members Leave: A Study of Discontinuance Through Both Current 4-H Members and Former Members  

E-print Network

4-H members quit. It is part of every 4-H program, and according to the research, it is even part of growing up. If only we knew why they quit, we could possibly do something about it. To date, the reasons youth join 4-H have been more thoroughly...

Chilek, Kevin

2012-07-16

322

Status and Developments of eLearning in the EU10 Member States: The Cases of Estonia, Hungary and Slovenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarises research carried out between 2006 and 2008 by IPTS (Institution for Prospective Technological Studies) in collaboration with a consortium of experts from 10 member states, led by ICEGEC. The project gathered information on eLearning developments to assess drivers and barriers and to suggest implications for policy and…

Ala-Mutka, Kirsti; Gaspar, Pal; Kismihok, Gabor; Suurna, Margit; Vehovar, Vasja

2010-01-01

323

Quaternary stratigraphy, sediment characteristics and geochemistry of arsenic-contaminated alluvial aquifers in the Ganges-Brahmaputra floodplain in central Bangladesh.  

PubMed

This study focuses on the Quaternary stratigraphy, sediment composition, mineralogy, and geochemistry of arsenic (As)-contaminated alluvial aquifers in the Ganges-Brahmaputra floodplain in the central Bangladesh. Arsenic concentrations in 85 tubewells in Manikganj area, 70 km northwest of Dhaka City, range from 0.25 microg/L to 191 microg/L with a mean concentration of 33 microg/L. Groundwater is mainly Ca-HCO(3) type with high concentrations of dissolved As, Fe, and Mn, but low level of SO(4). The uppermost aquifer occurs between 10 m and 80 m below the surface that has a mean arsenic concentration of 35 microg/L. Deeper aquifer (>100 m depth) has a mean arsenic concentration of 18 microg/L. Sediments in the upper aquifer are mostly gray to dark-gray, whereas sediments in the deep aquifer are mostly yellowing-gray to brown. Quartz, feldspar, mica, hornblende, garnet, kyanite, tourmaline, magnetite, ilmenite are the major minerals in sediments from both aquifers. Biotite and potassium feldspar are dominant in shallow aquifer, although plagioclase feldspar and garnet are abundant in deep aquifer sediments. Sediment composition suggests a mixed provenance with sediment supplies from both orogenic belts and cratons. High arsenic concentrations in sediments are found within the upper 50 m in drilled core samples. Statistical analysis shows that As, Fe, Mn, Ca, and P are strongly correlated in sediments. Concentrations of Cd, Cu, Ni, Zn, and Bi also show strong correlations with arsenic in the Manikganj sediment cores. Authigenic goethite concretions, possibly formed by bacteria, are found in the shallow sediments, which contain arsenic of a concentration as high as 8.8 mg/kg. High arsenic concentrations in aquifers are associated with fine-grained sediments that were derived mostly from the recycled orogens and relatively rapidly deposited mainly by meandering channels during the Early to Middle Holocene rising sea-level conditions. PMID:18502538

Shamsudduha, M; Uddin, A; Saunders, J A; Lee, M-K

2008-07-29

324

Gibbs Construction in Steganography Toms Filler, Student Member, IEEE and Jessica Fridrich, Member, IEEE  

E-print Network

1 Gibbs Construction in Steganography Tomás Filler, Student Member, IEEE and Jessica Fridrich, Member, IEEE Abstract--We make a connection between steganography de- sign by minimizing embedding- duces the design of secure steganography in empirical covers to the problem of finding local potentials

Fridrich, Jessica

325

Multiscale Density Estimation R. M. Willett, Student Member, IEEE, and R. D. Nowak, Member, IEEE  

E-print Network

1 Multiscale Density Estimation R. M. Willett, Student Member, IEEE, and R. D. Nowak, Member, IEEE July 4, 2003 Abstract The nonparametric density estimation method proposed in this paper is computationally fast, capable of detect- ing density discontinuities and singularities at a very high resolution

Nowak, Robert

326

The Streaming-DMT of Fading Channels Ashish Khisti Member, IEEE, and Stark Draper Member, IEEE  

E-print Network

The Streaming-DMT of Fading Channels Ashish Khisti Member, IEEE, and Stark Draper Member, IEEE-multiplexing tradeoff (DMT) in the high signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) regime, and show that it equals T times the DMT to be new. We propose two coding schemes that achieve the optimal DMT. The first scheme involves

Khisti, Ashish

327

Why are Faculty Members Not Teaching Blended Courses? Insights from Faculty Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the findings of an exploratory, qualitative case study and examines problems and impediments faculty members encountered in blended learning environments in Turkish Higher Education system. A total of 117 faculty members from 4 universities responded to 8 interview questions. Findings were based on content analyses of…

Ocak, Mehmet Akif

2011-01-01

328

Membership matters: comparing members and non-members of NIPF owner organizations in southwest Wisconsin, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

We surveyed members of two nonindustrial private forest (NIPF) owner organizations and non-members in southwest Wisconsin to learn their views and experiences on a range of forest ownership and management issues. The two organizations were the Sustainable Woods Cooperative (SWC) and the Wisconsin Woodland Owners Association (WWOA). Our survey yielded 503 completed questionnaires and a useable response rate of 69.5%.

Mark G. Rickenbach; Raymond P. Guries; Daniel L. Schmoldt

2006-01-01

329

7 CFR 1400.208 - Family members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...through 1400.206, with respect to a farming operation conducted by persons...be considered to be actively engaged in farming if the adult family member meets the provisions...elects to be considered actively engaged in farming under this section must: (1)...

2010-01-01

330

Mission Statement Analysis of CCCU Member Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed were the mission statements of 107 member institutions of the Coalition of Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU). The analysis was conducted on a microlevel via appraising the frequency of words used in the statements as well as the general constructs expressed. The respective mission statements were coded for content and common…

Firmin, Michael W.; Gilson, Krista Merrick

2010-01-01

331

A Helping Hand for Young Faculty Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the academic year just under way, many junior faculty members in search of much-needed advice and guidance have begun to make critical connections with senior colleagues. Departmental pairings are the most standard form of faculty mentoring, as is the practice of newly minted professors' tapping colleagues on their own to answer questions…

June, Audrey Williams

2008-01-01

332

Medical Education Committee Members 2013 -2014  

E-print Network

Assistant Professor of Medicine and of Community & Family Medicine Dean Madden, PhD 6/1/2015 Professor Associate Professor of Community & Family Medicine, of Medicine, and of TDI Virginia Reed, PhD 6/1/2014 Associate Professor of Community & Family Medicine Christiaan Rees 6/1/2016 Student Member Krina Shah 6

Myers, Lawrence C.

333

Stability of structural members under axial load  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The principles of the cross method of moment distribution are used to check the stability of structural members under axial load. A brief theoretical treatment of the subject, together with an illustrative problem, is included as well as a discussion of the reduced modulus at high stresses and a set of tables to aid in the solution of practical problems.

Lundquist, Eugene E

1937-01-01

334

Mission Statement Analysis of CCCU Member Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessed were the mission statements of 107 member institutions of the Coalition of Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU). The analysis was conducted on a microlevel via appraising the frequency of words used in the statements as well as the general constructs expressed. The respective mission statements were coded for content and common themes were analyzed and compared for similarities among

Michael W. Firmin; Krista Merrick Gilson

2009-01-01

335

Who Are Members of the University Community?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between the ideal of a university and its reality in the experience of its members has become a major issue of controversy. The courts, however, rarely discuss the university in terms of a community. Most cases concerning student-institutional relationships that reach court are decided ad hoc, for the law leaves student rights and…

Lunsford, Terry F.

1968-01-01

336

Defining UML Family Members Using Prefaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Unified Modeling Language is extensible, and so can be regarded as a family of languages. Implicitly or explicitly, any particular UML model should be accompanied by a definition of the particular UML family member used for the model. The definition should cover syntactic and semantic issues. This paper proposes a mechanism for associating models with such definitions. Any particular

Steve Cook; Anneke Kleppe; Jos Warmer; Richard Mitchell; Bernhard Rumpe; Alan Cameron Wills

1999-01-01

337

Legal Liability of Individual School Board Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal court decisions and federal statutes have established a number of new rights for individuals in recent years, and the Supreme Court decided in 1975 that school board members have only limited immunity from liability for the possible denial of those rights by school board actions. These two developments have drastically increased the amount…

Leverett, E. Freeman

338

Directory of Member Institutions, 1976. Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory describes the various types of programs offered by organizations and educational institutions which are members of the Association for World Education. Focusing on all forms of postsecondary educational organizations, membership consists of adult education centers, colleges, units of large university research centers, and other…

Karpen, Leah R., Ed.

339

Profile of an Effective Hospice Team Member.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined competencies that hospice practitioners and experts in the field would agree upon as necessary attributes to being an effective hospice team member. Results indicated strong positive agreement between the rankings of the practitioners on emotional and interpersonal characteristics needed by hospice personnel to effectively function with…

Basile, Joseph L.; Stone, Donald B.

1987-01-01

340

Boron--epoxy tubular structure members  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Composite materials fabricate thin-walled tubular members which have same load-carrying capabilities as aluminum, titanium, or other metals, but are lighter. Interface between stepped end fitting and tube lends itself to attachments by primary as well as secondary bonding. Interlaminar shear and hoop stress buildup in attachment at end fitting is avoided.

Shakespeare, W. B. J.; Nelson, P. T.; Lindkvist, E. C.

1973-01-01

341

MIT Traditional Health Plan Member Handbook 2012  

E-print Network

of Massachusetts #12;2 C O N T E N T S Getting started 4 Choosing your primary care provider 4 Receiving care and specialties including: All members are required to choose a primary care provider (PCP) at MIT Medical, who your primary care provider When you enroll in the MIT Traditional Health Plan, you must choose

Polz, Martin

342

Traditional MIT Health Plan Member Handbook 2010  

E-print Network

of Massachusetts #12;2 C O N T E N T S Getting started 4 Choosing your primary care provider 4 Receiving care and specialties including: All members are required to choose a primary care provider (PCP) at MIT Medical, who primary care provider When you enroll in the Traditional Health Plan, you must choose a primary care

Polz, Martin

343

MIT Traditional Health Plan Member Handbook 2011  

E-print Network

of Massachusetts #12;2 C O N T E N T S Getting started 4 Choosing your primary care provider 4 Receiving care and specialties including: All members are required to choose a primary care provider (PCP) at MIT Medical, who;4 Getting started Choosing your primary care provider When you enroll in the MIT Traditional Health Plan

Polz, Martin

344

Policymaking: A Challenge for School Board Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet consists of seven articles intended to introduce new school board members in Texas to the formation and implementation of educational policy, with particular emphasis on the legal requirements governing policy-making and other school board activities. The articles include the following: "Policy Development: An Overview," by Richard L.…

Anderson, Ellen, Ed.

345

Proactive Collective Bargaining for School Board Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is a guide to the collective bargaining process for school board members. It emphasizes the need for school boards to take the initiative in setting goals, reducing the potential for friction, and preserving management prerogatives against the competing responsibility to bargain in good faith under the law. Chapter 1 describes the…

California School Boards Association, Sacramento.

346

How To Dismiss a Tenured Faculty Member.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At many colleges and universities in the United States, the mystique of tenure has provided tenured faculty, even incompetent and inactive faculty, a protected status. Dismissing a tenured faculty member requires a specified cause for termination, and is often one of the most difficult personnel actions that a college can take. Dealing with…

Andrews, Hans A.

1992-01-01

347

Honoring Service members on Veterans Day  

E-print Network

President and World War II Veteran John F. Kennedy once urged, "As we express our gratitude, we must neverHonoring Service members on Veterans Day Story on page 4 #12;2 YANKEE ENGINEER November 2013 Yankee Samaris, New England District Commander, joins the people of Westford, Mass., in celebrating Veterans Day

US Army Corps of Engineers

348

Physical Fitness of University Faculty Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to compare physical activity, aerobic fitness, and selected coronary heart disease risk factors in 27 male and 21 female university faculty members. Results of t-tests indicate that the males had significantly greater values for physical activity index, systolic blood pressure, aerobic fitness (V02 max), and…

Williford, H. N.; Barksdale, J. M.

349

Screening of household family members of brucellosis cases and neighboring community members in Azerbaijan.  

PubMed

Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in Azerbaijan. The first human brucellosis case reported in 1922 was in Pardabil village of a region currently named Shabran. Household members of brucellosis index cases are a population at risk for brucellosis infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of seropositivity of brucellosis among household and neighboring community members of brucellosis index cases in Azerbaijan. Twenty-one household members of 8 index brucellosis cases and 27 community neighbors were serologically tested for evidence of exposure by the serum agglutination test. Of these, the brucellosis seropositivity rate was 9.5% and 7.4%, respectively. Screening of household members of index cases and individuals who live in proximity to infected household members is a practical approach to increase the detection of brucellosis exposure. PMID:23478582

Ismayilova, Rita; Mody, Rupal; Abdullayev, Rakif; Amirova, Kamala; Jabbarova, Latafat; Ustun, Narmin; Jahanov, Musa; Nasirova, Emilya; Powers, Marilyn; Rivard, Robert; Hepburn, Matthew; Bautista, Christian T

2013-05-01

350

Screening of Household Family Members of Brucellosis Cases and Neighboring Community Members in Azerbaijan  

PubMed Central

Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in Azerbaijan. The first human brucellosis case reported in 1922 was in Pardabil village of a region currently named Shabran. Household members of brucellosis index cases are a population at risk for brucellosis infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of seropositivity of brucellosis among household and neighboring community members of brucellosis index cases in Azerbaijan. Twenty-one household members of 8 index brucellosis cases and 27 community neighbors were serologically tested for evidence of exposure by the serum agglutination test. Of these, the brucellosis seropositivity rate was 9.5% and 7.4%, respectively. Screening of household members of index cases and individuals who live in proximity to infected household members is a practical approach to increase the detection of brucellosis exposure. PMID:23478582

Ismayilova, Rita; Mody, Rupal; Abdullayev, Rakif; Amirova, Kamala; Jabbarova, Latafat; Ustun, Narmin; Jahanov, Musa; Nasirova, Emilya; Powers, Marilyn; Rivard, Robert; Hepburn, Matthew; Bautista, Christian T.

2013-01-01

351

7 CFR 1940.960 - Federal employee panel members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...true Federal employee panel members. 1940.960 Section 1940...960 Federal employee panel members. (a) The State Director will appoint one FmHA...employee to serve as a voting member of the panel established...

2010-01-01

352

7 CFR 1940.960 - Federal employee panel members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Federal employee panel members. 1940.960 Section 1940...Programs § 1940.960 Federal employee panel members. (a) The State Director...employee to serve as a voting member of the panel established in §...

2012-01-01

353

7 CFR 1940.960 - Federal employee panel members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2009-01-01 true Federal employee panel members. 1940.960 Section 1940...Programs § 1940.960 Federal employee panel members. (a) The State Director...employee to serve as a voting member of the panel established in §...

2011-01-01

354

7 CFR 1940.960 - Federal employee panel members.  

...2013-01-01 true Federal employee panel members. 1940.960 Section 1940...Programs § 1940.960 Federal employee panel members. (a) The State Director...employee to serve as a voting member of the panel established in §...

2014-01-01

355

7 CFR 1940.960 - Federal employee panel members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Federal employee panel members. 1940.960 Section 1940...Programs § 1940.960 Federal employee panel members. (a) The State Director...employee to serve as a voting member of the panel established in §...

2013-01-01

356

Detecting the Identity Signature of Secret Social Groups: Holographic Processes and the Communication of Member Affiliation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principles of classical and quantum holography are used to develop the theoretical basis for a non-phonemic method of detecting membership in secret social groups, such as cults, criminal gangs, drug cartels, and terrorist cells. Grounded in the basic sociological premise that every group develops a distinctive sociocultural order, the theory postulates that the primary features of a group's collective

Raymond Trevor Bradley

2010-01-01

357

Why 4-H Members Leave: A Study of Discontinuance through Both Current 4-H Members and Former Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

4-H members quit. It is part of every 4-H program, and according to the research, it is even part of growing up. If only we knew why they quit, we could possibly do something about it. To date, the reasons youth join 4-H have been more thoroughly researched than the reasons they quit. This study explores why youth choose to discontinue membership…

Chilek, Kevin Dwayne

2012-01-01

358

The First Aid course costs $30 UWM Students & UREC Members / $40 Non-Members  

E-print Network

The First Aid course costs $30 UWM Students & UREC Members / $40 Non-Members CPR/AED AND FIRST AID below. *Prerequisite: CPR/AED Course The CPR/AED course costs $55 UWM Students & UREC Members / $65 Non/1 5:30 p.m. ­ 8 p.m.* Wed,4/2 5:30 p.m. ­ 10 p.m. Sat,4/5 9 a.m. ­ 6 p.m. Sun,4/6 9 a.m. ­ 6 p.m. Wed

Saldin, Dilano

359

Radial-Velocity Monitoring of Members and Candidate Members of the TW Hydrae Association  

E-print Network

We present our spectroscopic measurements of the radial velocity, effective temperature, and projected rotational velocity of several of the known members of the TW Hya association, as well as measurements for candidate members selected on the basis of their X-ray or kinematic properties. A number of our targets turn out to be binaries, but most are non-members. The radial velocities for some of the other candidates support the conclusion that they are kinematically associated with the group, although further observations are required to show that they are indeed pre-main sequence objects.

Guillermo Torres; Ralph Neuhaeuser; David W. Latham

2001-05-08

360

Identifying New Members of Nearby Moving Groups  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our group has assembled a sample of 14,000 stars of spectral types B9-M9 with measured UVW Galactic space velocities and lying within 125 pc of Earth. We have identified candidate members of three nearby young (less than 100 Myr) moving groups. For stars of spectral types G5 and later, we have used the Kast spectrometer on the Shane 3m telescope at Lick Observatory to measure lithium abundance in order to determine stellar ages. With the data we have obtained from this run, we will be able to establish whether our candidates are bona fide members of the moving groups in question. I will be presenting the preliminary results from this survey, including spectra of the ~50 stars observed thus far. These nearby young stars will make excellent targets for direct imaging followup surveys, since any giant planets around young stars will still be warm, and will therefore be bright enough to detect with instruments like GPI.

Holmbeck, Erika; Vican, Laura

2014-06-01

361

Interleukin17 Family Members and Inflammation  

Microsoft Academic Search

IL-17A was cloned more than 10 years ago and six IL-17 family members (IL-17A-F) have subsequently been described. IL-17A is largely produced by activated memory T lymphocytes but stimulates innate immunity and host defense. IL-17A and IL-17F both mobilize neutrophils partly through granulopoeisis and CXC chemokine induction, as well as increased survival locally. IL-17A and IL-17F production by T lymphocytes

Jay K. Kolls; Anders Lindén

2004-01-01

362

Benefits of a five-member board.  

PubMed

Large boards eat up staff time. They cost more. And they inevitably concentrate real authority in the hands of a smaller decision-making body, anyway. If your association wants to respond effectively to today's challenges, reduce your board to no more than five members, say the authors of the new book Race for Relevance: Five Radical Changes for Associations. (And they have a plan to help you get there.) PMID:23198333

Coerver, Harrison; Byers, Mary

2012-01-01

363

Sexual harassment and college faculty members  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study involved open?ended, face?to?face, exploratory interviews conducted with 10 male and 17 female college faculty members from three institutions. Interviews focused on the subjective experiences of those respondents as victims or as accused offenders of sexual harassment involving students or colleagues. Findings included the following: respondents’ definitions of sexual harassment frequently mirrored the legal categories of quid pro quo

Kathleen McKinney

1994-01-01

364

Modeling and Simulation of Power Electronic DRAGAN MAKSIMOVIC , MEMBER, IEEE, ALEKSANDAR M. STANKOVIC , MEMBER, IEEE,  

E-print Network

Modeling and Simulation of Power Electronic Converters DRAGAN MAKSIMOVIC´ , MEMBER, IEEE, modeling, power electronics, power factor correction, sampled-data models, simu- lation, state-space averaging, switched models. I. INTRODUCTION A. Modeling and Simulation Power electronic systems are widely

Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

365

Temple Mountain member, a new member of the Chinle formation in the San Rafael Swell, Utah  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A lithologic unit, referred to as mottled purple and white, or the 'pinto bed,' in the San Rafael Swell has E?nough thickness and continuity to be formally named the Temple Mountain member of the Chinle formationo The member is characterized by the presence of: the interfingering of siltstone, mudstone, and sandstone; purple and white color; quartz grains and pebbles; jasper; and coalified material.

Robeck, Raymond C.

1956-01-01

366

IDENTIFYING COMPETENCIES OF VOLUNTEER BOARD MEMBERS OF COMMUNITY SPORTS CLUBS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study contributes to the emerging empirical studies on roles and responsibilities of boards in nonprofit organizations by identifying competencies of volunteer board members. We identified how two types of constituents—volunteer board members and sports members—perceived competencies of volunteer board members in community sports clubs. We used the repertory grid technique to draw cognitive maps and to reveal the perceived

A.-L. Balduck; A. VAN ROSSEM; M. BUELENS

2009-01-01

367

Group identification moderates attitudes toward ingroup members who confront discrimination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies examined the hypothesis that group identification moderates African Americans’, Asian Americans’, and women’s attitudes toward fellow ingroup members who challenge an outgroup member’s discriminatory comments or who do not speak up about the comments. Highly identified racial minorities expressed more positive attitudes toward ingroup members who confronted discriminatory comments compared to those who did not confront; whereas weakly

Cheryl R. Kaiser; Nao Hagiwara; Lori W. Malahy; Clara L. Wilkins

2009-01-01

368

Coupling a land-surface model with a crop growth model to improve ET flux estimations in the Upper Ganges basin, India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Land-Surface Models (LSMs) are tools that represent energy and water flux exchanges between land and the atmosphere. Although much progress has been made in adding detailed physical processes into these models, there is much room left for improved estimates of evapotranspiration fluxes, by including a more reasonable and accurate representation of crop dynamics. Recent studies suggest a strong land-surface-atmosphere coupling over India and since this is one of the most intensively cultivated areas in the world, the strong impact of crops on the evaporative flux cannot be neglected. In this study we dynamically couple the LSM JULES with the crop growth model InfoCrop. JULES in its current version (v3.4) does not simulate crop growth. Instead, it treats crops as natural grass, while using prescribed vegetation parameters. Such simplification might lead to modelling errors. Therefore we developed a coupled modelling scheme that simulates dynamically crop development and parametrized it for the two main crops of the study area, wheat and rice. This setup is used to examine the impact of inter-seasonal land cover changes in evapotranspiration fluxes of the Upper Ganges River basin (India). The sensitivity of JULES with regard to the dynamics of the vegetation cover is evaluated. Our results show that the model is sensitive to the changes introduced after coupling it with the crop model. Evapotranspiration fluxes, which are significantly different between the original and the coupled model, are giving an approximation of the magnitude of error to be expected in LSMs that do not include dynamic crop growth. For the wet season, in the original model, the monthly Mean Error ranges from 7.5 to 24.4 mm month-1, depending on different precipitation forcing. For the same season, in the coupled model, the monthly Mean Error's range is reduced to 5.4-11.6 mm month-1. For the dry season, in the original model, the monthly Mean Error ranges from 10 to 17 mm month-1, depending on different precipitation forcing. For the same season, in the coupled model, the monthly Mean Error's range is reduced to 2.2-3.4 mm month-1. The new modelling scheme, by offering increased accuracy of evapotranspiration estimations, is an important step towards a better understanding of the two-way crops-atmosphere interactions.

Tsarouchi, G. M.; Buytaert, W.; Mijic, A.

2014-10-01

369

Characterizing On-line Games Chris Chambers, Wu-chang Feng, Member, IEEE, Sambit Sahu, Member, IEEE, Debanjan Saha, Member, IEEE,  

E-print Network

are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of IBM. GameSpy trace Start time Fri Nov1 Characterizing On-line Games Chris Chambers, Wu-chang Feng, Member, IEEE, Sambit Sahu, Member, IEEE, Debanjan Saha, Member, IEEE, David Brandt Abstract--On-line games are a rapidly growing Internet

370

Chromosomal aberrations in ISS crew members  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High energy radiation is a major risk factor in manned space missions. Astronauts and cosmonauts are exposed to ionising radiations of cosmic and solar origin, while on the Earth's surface people are well protected by the atmosphere and a deflecting magnetic field. There are now data available describing the dose and the quality of ionising radiation on-board of the International Space Station (ISS). Nonetheless, the effect of increased radiation dose on mutation rates of ISS crew members are hard to predict. Therefore, direct measurements of mutation rates are required in order to better estimate the radiation risk for longer duration missions. The analysis of chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes is a well established method to measure radiation-induced mutations. We present data of chromosome aberration analyses from lymphocyte metaphase spreads of ISS crew members participating in short term (10-14 days) or long term (around 6 months) missions. From each subject we received two blood samples. The first sample was drawn about 10 days before launch and a second one within 3 days after return from flight. From lymphocyte cultures metaphase plates were prepared on glass slides. Giemsa stained and in situ hybridised metaphases were scored for chromosome changes in pre-flight and post-flight blood samples and the mutation rates were compared. Results obtained in chromosomal studies on long-term flight crew members showed pronounced inter-individual differences in the response to elevated radiation levels. Overall slight but significant elevations of typical radiation induced aberrations, i.e., dicentric chromosomes and reciprocal translocations have been observed. Our data indicate no elevation of mutation rates due to short term stays on-board the ISS.

Johannes, Christian; Goedecke, Wolfgang; Antonopoulos, Alexandra

2012-07-01

371

VITROSIN: A MEMBER OF THE COLLAGEN CLASS  

PubMed Central

Vitrosin, a fibrous protein obtained from the vitreous humor of the eye in the form of an indefinitely long fibril about 100 to 150 A in diameter, has been identified as a member of the collagen class of proteins. It is characterized by the collagen wide-angle x-ray diffraction pattern, and axial periodicity of about 640 A determined by electron microscopy and small-angle x-ray diffraction, an amino acid pattern characteristic of collagen as determined by paper chromatography, and a hydroxyproline and glycine content also typical of collagen. The glycine-hydroxyproline ratio is somewhat lower than that for most vertebrate collagens. PMID:13242587

Gross, Jerome; Matoltsy, A. Gedeon; Cohen, Carolyn

1955-01-01

372

Method for electrically isolating an electrically conductive member from another such member  

DOEpatents

The invention relates to methods for electrically isolating a first electrically conductive member from another such member by means of an electrically insulating medium. In accordance with the invention, the insulating medium is provided in the form of MgO which contains a dopant selected from lithium, copper, cobalt, sodium, silver, gold and hydrogen. The dopant is present in the MgO in an amount effective to suppress dielectric breakdown of the MgO, even at elevated temperatures and in the presence of electrical fields.

Tsang, K.L.; Chen, Y.

1984-02-09

373

Attitudes of Pakistani community members and staff toward people with intellectual disability.  

PubMed

The acceptance and inclusion of persons with intellectual disability can vary across cultures, and understanding attitudes can provide insight into such variation. To our knowledge, no previous study has explored attitudes toward people with intellectual disability among Pakistani community members and disability service providers. We administered the Community Living Attitudes Scale (Henry et al., 1996), a measure of attitudes toward people with intellectual disability developed in the United States, to 262 community members and 190 disability service providers in Pakistan. Confirmatory factor analysis found a 4-factor solution (empowerment, similarity, exclusion, and sheltering) fit the Pakistani sample. More positive attitudes were observed in staff serving people with intellectual disability, females, Christians, Hindus, Sunnis, and people with greater education. We discuss implications for research, theory, and practice. PMID:23301901

Patka, Mazna; Keys, Christopher B; Henry, David B; McDonald, Katherine E

2013-01-01

374

Approval need in self-reports of addicts and family members.  

PubMed

Ample evidence documents the tendency of research subjects to attribute to themselves socially desirable traits and to deny having socially undesirable qualities. This tendency is particularly marked among subjects who are defensive, lacking in self-esteem, or sensitive to status differences. Drug addicts often have all of these characteristics. This paper examines the extent to which need for social approval is reflected in methadone patients' and family members' self-reports of personal and family functioning. Results demonstrate the importance of taking the approval motive into account when conducting research with this population. Addicts tend to deny negative things about themselves and their families, while family members tend to exaggerate their own and their families' positive qualities. Implications for drug treatment programs and researchers are discussed. PMID:3679641

Gibson, D; Wermuth, L; Sorensen, J L; Menicucci, L; Bernal, G

1987-09-01

375

Software Fault Interactions and Implications for Software Testing  

E-print Network

Software Fault Interactions and Implications for Software Testing D. Richard Kuhn, Senior Member--Exhaustive testing of computer software is intractable, but empirical studies of software failures suggest to exhaustive testing, if software behavior is not dependent on complex event sequences and variables have

Perkins, Richard A.

376

Safeguarding and Protecting Children in Maternity Services: Implications for Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article debates the issues involved in safeguarding and protecting children in maternity services and offers implications for professional practice. Midwives and other staff who work as members of the maternity team have a safeguarding role to play in the identification of babies and children who have been abused, or are at risk of abuse, and…

Lazenbatt, Anne; Greer, Jean

2009-01-01

377

Participant role approach to school bullying: implications for interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes practical implications of the participant role approach to bullying in schools. This view looks at bullying as a group phenomenon which is largely enabled and maintained by members of a school class taking on different participant roles (such as assistants of the bully, reinforcers of the bully, or outsiders). Since peers are involved in bullying in different

CHRISTINA SALMIVALLI

1999-01-01

378

Kretzoiarctos gen. nov., the Oldest Member of the Giant Panda Clade  

PubMed Central

The phylogenetic position of the giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca (Carnivora: Ursidae: Ailuropodinae), has been one of the most hotly debated topics by mammalian biologists and paleontologists during the last century. Based on molecular data, it is currently recognized as a true ursid, sister-taxon of the remaining extant bears, from which it would have diverged by the Early Miocene. However, from a paleobiogeographic and chronological perspective, the origin of the giant panda lineage has remained elusive due to the scarcity of the available Miocene fossil record. Until recently, the genus Ailurarctos from the Late Miocene of China (ca. 8–7 mya) was recognized as the oldest undoubted member of the Ailuropodinae, suggesting that the panda lineage might have originated from an Ursavus ancestor. The role of the purported ailuropodine Agriarctos, from the Miocene of Europe, in the origins of this clade has been generally dismissed due to the paucity of the available material. Here, we describe a new ailuropodine genus, Kretzoiarctos gen. nov., based on remains from two Middle Miocene (ca. 12–11 Ma) Spanish localities. A cladistic analysis of fossil and extant members of the Ursoidea confirms the inclusion of the new genus into the Ailuropodinae. Moreover, Kretzoiarctos precedes in time the previously-known, Late Miocene members of the giant panda clade from Eurasia (Agriarctos and Ailurarctos). The former can be therefore considered the oldest recorded member of the giant panda lineage, which has significant implications for understanding the origins of this clade from a paleobiogeographic viewpoint. PMID:23155439

Abella, Juan; Alba, David M.; Robles, Josep M.; Valenciano, Alberto; Rotgers, Cheyenn; Carmona, Raul; Montoya, Plinio; Morales, Jorge

2012-01-01

379

Kretzoiarctos gen. nov., the oldest member of the giant panda clade.  

PubMed

The phylogenetic position of the giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca (Carnivora: Ursidae: Ailuropodinae), has been one of the most hotly debated topics by mammalian biologists and paleontologists during the last century. Based on molecular data, it is currently recognized as a true ursid, sister-taxon of the remaining extant bears, from which it would have diverged by the Early Miocene. However, from a paleobiogeographic and chronological perspective, the origin of the giant panda lineage has remained elusive due to the scarcity of the available Miocene fossil record. Until recently, the genus Ailurarctos from the Late Miocene of China (ca. 8-7 mya) was recognized as the oldest undoubted member of the Ailuropodinae, suggesting that the panda lineage might have originated from an Ursavus ancestor. The role of the purported ailuropodine Agriarctos, from the Miocene of Europe, in the origins of this clade has been generally dismissed due to the paucity of the available material. Here, we describe a new ailuropodine genus, Kretzoiarctos gen. nov., based on remains from two Middle Miocene (ca. 12-11 Ma) Spanish localities. A cladistic analysis of fossil and extant members of the Ursoidea confirms the inclusion of the new genus into the Ailuropodinae. Moreover, Kretzoiarctos precedes in time the previously-known, Late Miocene members of the giant panda clade from Eurasia (Agriarctos and Ailurarctos). The former can be therefore considered the oldest recorded member of the giant panda lineage, which has significant implications for understanding the origins of this clade from a paleobiogeographic viewpoint. PMID:23155439

Abella, Juan; Alba, David M; Robles, Josep M; Valenciano, Alberto; Rotgers, Cheyenn; Carmona, Raül; Montoya, Plinio; Morales, Jorge

2012-01-01

380

Social categorization and empathy for outgroup members.  

PubMed

Three experiments (N=370) investigated the effects of social categorization on the experience of empathy. In Experiment 1, university students reported their empathy for, and intentions to help, a student who described a distressful experience. As predicted, participants reported stronger empathy and helping intentions when the student belonged to an ingroup compared to an outgroup university. Experiments 2 and 3 demonstrated that stronger empathy for outgroup members was experienced following the activation of an ingroup norm that prescribed the experience of this emotion. Activating this norm also led to the expression of more positive attitudes towards the outgroup (Experiment 3), and empathy fully mediated this effect. These findings indicate that like other emotions, empathy is influenced by social categorization processes. PMID:19000358

Tarrant, Mark; Dazeley, Sarah; Cottom, Tom

2009-09-01

381

Gene-target recognition among members of the myc superfamily and implications for oncogenesis.  

PubMed

Myc and Mad family proteins regulate multiple biological processes through their capacity to influence gene expression directly. Here we show that the basic regions of Myc and Mad proteins are not functionally equivalent in oncogenesis, have separable E-box-binding activities and engage both common and distinct gene targets. Our data support the view that the opposing biological actions of Myc and Mxi1 extend beyond reciprocal regulation of common gene targets. Identification of differentially regulated gene targets provides a framework for understanding the mechanism through which the Myc superfamily governs the growth, proliferation and survival of normal and neoplastic cells. PMID:10655054

O'Hagan, R C; Schreiber-Agus, N; Chen, K; David, G; Engelman, J A; Schwab, R; Alland, L; Thomson, C; Ronning, D R; Sacchettini, J C; Meltzer, P; DePinho, R A

2000-02-01

382

Modelling crash propensity of carshare members.  

PubMed

Carshare systems are considered a promising solution for sustainable development of cities. To promote carsharing it is imperative to make them cost effective, which includes reduction in costs associated to crashes and insurance. To achieve this goal, it is important to characterize carshare users involved in crashes and understand factors that can explain at-fault and not-at fault drivers. This study utilizes data from GoGet carshare users in Sydney, Australia. Based on this study it was found that carshare users who utilize cars less frequently, own one or more cars, have less number of accidents in the past ten years, have chosen a higher insurance excess and have had a license for a longer period of time are less likely to be involved in a crash. However, if a crash occurs, carshare users not needing a car on the weekend, driving less than 1000km in the last year, rarely using a car and having an Australian license increases the likelihood to be at-fault. Since the dataset contained information about all members as well as not-at-fault drivers, it provided a unique opportunity to explore some aspects of quasi-induced exposure. The results indicate systematic differences in the distribution between the not-at-fault drivers and the carshare members based on the kilometres driven last year, main mode of travel, car ownership status and how often the car is needed. Finally, based on this study it is recommended that creating an incentive structure based on training and experience (based on kilometres driven), possibly tagged to the insurance excess could improve safety, and reduce costs associated to crashes for carshare systems. PMID:24727292

Dixit, Vinayak; Rashidi, Taha Hossein

2014-09-01

383

A Tale of Two Deltas: Contrasting Perspectives on the State of Natural and Human-modified Regions of the Ganges-Brahmaputra River Delta (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Effective risk analysis and the management of complex coastal systems require that the scale of interest be well defined. Here we present recent research from the Ganges-Brahmaputra river delta (GBD) that highlights different, if not divergent, perspectives on the current status of this system and its potential response to future environmental change. The contrasts emerge from viewing the GBD at different temporal and spatial scales, raising the question of how scientists, stakeholders, and decision makers might most effectively develop a shared understanding of large, at-risk delta systems. Among the world's deltas, the GBD is often cited as being highly vulnerable to future sea-level rise and environmental change, owing to its vast low-lying landscape and large human population. Taking a broad perspective, however, it is not coincident that the GBD, the world's largest delta system, is fed by immense water and sediment discharge from the Asian monsoon and Himalayan orogen - simply, the size of the GBD reflects the robust processes that have constructed and maintained it. At the regional scale, the deltaplain itself is interconnected by a labyrinth of fluvial and tidal channels that effectively convey sediment to most areas of the landscape, through overbank flooding, distributaries, and tidal transport. Together, the sediment supply, water discharge, and dense channel network bless the GBD with potential basinwide accretion rates >5 mm/yr. More locally, modern sedimentation rates >10 mm/yr are observed in many areas of the tidal delta plain, which are sufficient to maintain land-surface elevations under a variety of sea-level rise scenarios, or at least to mitigate whatever effects do occur. The long-term stratigraphic record of the GBD also reflects a system in dynamic equilibrium, with major landforms persisting through changes in sea level, sediment loading, river avulsion, and delta lobe switching - together providing an encouraging outlook in the face of ongoing global environmental changes. Nevertheless, evidence of an inherently robust natural GBD contrasts with areas that have been strongly impacted by human modifications of the environment. For example, in the last five decades 15,000 km^2 of coastal islands have been embanked ('poldered') for flood protection and agricultural development, resulting in sediment starvation and a loss of elevation relative to natural tidal landscapes. Elevation losses >1 m have occurred in many of these embanked areas, yielding a rate of relative sea-level rise equivalent to 20 mm/yr, which is more than 4× that observed in the GBD's natural mangrove forest. Furthermore, the reorganization of tidal channels in response to poldering has led to local bank erosion and undercutting or weakening of embankments, exemplified by the occurrence of multiple failures during Cyclone Aila (2009). These findings demonstrate that recent and ongoing anthropogenic modifications of the land surface are cause for concern within specific regions of the GBD, and their impact on a significant portion of the delta could well be comparable to or larger than increasing rates of sea-level rise. Looking ahead, human alterations of the physical environment cannot be avoided, but we can more reliably avoid negative consequences with a more realistic and precise understanding of human-landscape interactions.

Goodbred, S. L.; Wallace Auerbach, L.; Wilson, C.; Gilligan, J. M.; Roy, K.; Ahmed, K.; Steckler, M. S.; Seeber, L.; Akhter, S. H.; Hossain, S.

2013-12-01

384

Electronic Textiles: A Platform for Pervasive DIANA MARCULESCU, MEMBER, IEEE, RADU MARCULESCU, MEMBER, IEEE,  

E-print Network

Electronic Textiles: A Platform for Pervasive Computing DIANA MARCULESCU, MEMBER, IEEE, RADU years later, the link between textiles and computing is more realistic than ever. In this paper, we look at the synergistic relationship between textiles and computing and identify the need for their "integration" using

385

New Member Committee now accepting new members. Academic Senate Standing Committees (9/14)  

E-print Network

(CAC 9 members) Greg Evans (Chair) Plastic Surgery 12-15 Joseph Carmichael (NS) Surgery 11-17 Scott/14) Admissions & Financial Aid Megan Osborn (Chair) Emergency Med. 13-16 Jonathan Lakey Surgery 11-17 Simin Pigazzi Surgery 11-17 Behnoosh Afghani (NS) Pediatrics 13-16 Allied Health Committee Anjan Batra (Chair

Loudon, Catherine

386

7 CFR 983.42 - Initial members and nomination of successor members.  

...of death, removal, resignation, or the disqualification...or an officer, or employee, of a producer in...handler or an officer or employee of a handler. ...member shall, upon termination of that relationship...death, removal, or resignation, shall be...

2014-01-01

387

7 CFR 983.42 - Initial members and nomination of successor members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of death, removal, resignation, or the disqualification...or an officer, or employee, of a producer in...handler or an officer or employee of a handler. ...member shall, upon termination of that relationship...death, removal, or resignation, shall be...

2013-01-01

388

7 CFR 983.42 - Initial members and nomination of successor members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of death, removal, resignation, or the disqualification...or an officer, or employee, of a producer in...handler or an officer or employee of a handler. ...member shall, upon termination of that relationship...death, removal, or resignation, shall be...

2012-01-01

389

Arithmetic Correlations and Walsh Andrew Klapper Senior Member, IEEE, Mark Goresky Member, IEEE,  

E-print Network

1 Arithmetic Correlations and Walsh Transforms Andrew Klapper Senior Member, IEEE, Mark Goresky branches of digital computation and communications. They construct arithmetic analogs of the Walsh of hypersurfaces; (2) show that the arithmetic Walsh spectrum characterizes a Boolean function; (3) study

Klapper, Andy

390

7 CFR 7.15 - Eligibility requirements of county committee members, community committee members, and delegates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...office, or as an employee of the county committee such person has...program administered in the county; in the course of their official...full-time employee of the U.S. Department of Agriculture; (8) If the office is that of county committee member, not be...

2012-01-01

391

7 CFR 7.15 - Eligibility requirements of county committee members, community committee members, and delegates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...office, or as an employee of the county committee such person has...program administered in the county; in the course of their official...full-time employee of the U.S. Department of Agriculture; (8) If the office is that of county committee member, not be...

2011-01-01

392

7 CFR 7.15 - Eligibility requirements of county committee members, community committee members, and delegates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...office, or as an employee of the county committee such person has...program administered in the county; in the course of their official...full-time employee of the U.S. Department of Agriculture; (8) If the office is that of county committee member, not be...

2010-01-01

393

Lifelike Talking Faces for Interactive Services ERIC COSATTO, MEMBER, IEEE, JRN OSTERMANN, SENIOR MEMBER, IEEE,  

E-print Network

Lifelike Talking Faces for Interactive Services ERIC COSATTO, MEMBER, IEEE, J�RN OSTERMANN, SENIOR talking faces for interactive services are an exciting new modality for man­machine interactions. Recent developments in speech synthesis and computer animation enable the real-time synthesis of faces that look

394

50 CFR 600.245 - Council member compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...significant private effort that substantially disrupts the daily routine to the extent that a work day is lost to the member. “Homework” time in preparation for formal Council meetings is not compensable. (b) Non-government Council members receive...

2012-10-01

395

50 CFR 600.245 - Council member compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...significant private effort that substantially disrupts the daily routine to the extent that a work day is lost to the member. “Homework” time in preparation for formal Council meetings is not compensable. (b) Non-government Council members receive...

2011-10-01

396

50 CFR 600.245 - Council member compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...significant private effort that substantially disrupts the daily routine to the extent that a work day is lost to the member. “Homework” time in preparation for formal Council meetings is not compensable. (b) Non-government Council members receive...

2010-10-01

397

50 CFR 600.245 - Council member compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...significant private effort that substantially disrupts the daily routine to the extent that a work day is lost to the member. “Homework” time in preparation for formal Council meetings is not compensable. (b) Non-government Council members receive...

2013-10-01

398

29 CFR 783.32 - “Seaman” includes crew members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...APPLICATION OF THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT TO EMPLOYEES EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Who Is âemployed As A Seamanâ § 783.32 “Seaman” includes crew members. The term “seaman” includes members of the crew such as sailors,...

2011-07-01

399

29 CFR 783.32 - “Seaman” includes crew members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...APPLICATION OF THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT TO EMPLOYEES EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Who Is âemployed As A Seamanâ § 783.32 “Seaman” includes crew members. The term “seaman” includes members of the crew such as sailors,...

2010-07-01

400

7 CFR 7.11 - County committee members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false County committee members. 7.11 Section 7...AGRICULTURAL STABILIZATION AND CONSERVATION STATE, COUNTY AND COMMUNITY COMMITTEES § 7.11 County committee members. (a) County...

2012-01-01

401

7 CFR 7.11 - County committee members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false County committee members. 7.11 Section 7...AGRICULTURAL STABILIZATION AND CONSERVATION STATE, COUNTY AND COMMUNITY COMMITTEES § 7.11 County committee members. (a) County...

2011-01-01

402

7 CFR 7.11 - County committee members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false County committee members. 7.11 Section 7...AGRICULTURAL STABILIZATION AND CONSERVATION STATE, COUNTY AND COMMUNITY COMMITTEES § 7.11 County committee members. (a) County...

2010-01-01

403

29 CFR 452.47 - Employer or supervisor members.  

...members, may not be candidates for office or serve as officers. Thus, while it is recognized that in some industries, particularly construction, members who become supervisors, or contractors traditionally keep their union membership as a...

2014-07-01

404

7 CFR 7.4 - Selection of committee members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FUNCTIONS OF AGRICULTURAL STABILIZATION AND CONSERVATION STATE, COUNTY AND COMMUNITY COMMITTEES § 7.4 Selection of committee members. State committee members shall be selected by the Secretary and shall...

2010-01-01

405

77 FR 9723 - Department of State Performance Review Board Members  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice: 7802] Department of State Performance Review Board Members In accordance with section...to the Department of State Performance Review Board...Executive Service members: Lois E. Quam,...

2012-02-17

406

78 FR 65030 - Department of State Performance Review Board Members  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...8510] Department of State Performance Review Board Members In accordance with...to the Department of State Performance Review...Senior Executive Service members: Robert Goldberg...Office of the United States Foreign...

2013-10-30

407

12 CFR 1261.15 - Minimum number of member directorships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...more Banks, the number of member directorships allocated to each state shall not be less than the...following list sets forth the states whose members held more than one directorship on December 31, 1960: State Number of...

2010-01-01

408

76 FR 62893 - Department of State Performance Review Board Members  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice: 7639] Department of State Performance Review Board Members In accordance with section...to the Department of State Performance Review Board...Senior Executive Service members: James L....

2011-10-11

409

78 FR 14151 - Department of State Performance Review Board Members  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 8212] Department of State Performance Review Board Members In accordance with section...to the Department of State Performance Review Board...Senior Executive Service members: Dawn McCall,...

2013-03-04

410

76 FR 7623 - Department of State Performance Review Board Members  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice: 7332] Department of State Performance Review Board Members In accordance with section...to the Department of State Performance Review Board...Senior Executive Service members: Jeanne-Marie...

2011-02-10

411

Member Participation in Agricultural Cooperatives: A Regression and Scale Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research identifies characteristics that influence member participation in cooperatives. Participation measures include attendance at meetings, serving on committees, serving as an elected officer, and recruiting other farmers to become members. Nine...

T. W. Gray, C. A. Kraenzle

1998-01-01

412

Attitudes and Opinions of Texas Agricultural Cooperative Members.  

E-print Network

AND OPINIONS OF TEXAS AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE MEMBERS William E. Black and Ronald D. Knutson* Currently, members of a typical Texas agricultural cooperative are third generation patrons. Many of today's cooperatives were formed by farmers who are today... AND OPINIONS OF TEXAS AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE MEMBERS William E. Black and Ronald D. Knutson* Currently, members of a typical Texas agricultural cooperative are third generation patrons. Many of today's cooperatives were formed by farmers who are today...

Black, William E.; Knutson, Ronald D.

1984-01-01

413

Communication of collective identity in secret social groups: Hypothesis of a holographic signature of member affiliation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work describes the theoretical basis for a non?phonemic method of detecting membership in secret social groups, such as cults, criminal gangs, drug cartels and terrorist cells. Beginning with the basic sociological proposition that every social group develops a distinctive socio?cultural order, it is postulated that the primary features of group identity will be encoded, via a multi?level socio?psycho?physiological process,

Raymond Trevor Bradley

2011-01-01

414

Sisterhood may be powerful for reducing sexual and intimate partner violence: an evaluation of the Bringing in the Bystander in-person program with sorority members.  

PubMed

Sorority members may be at greater risk than other college women for sexual violence and intimate partner violence (IPV). We evaluated the Bringing in the Bystander in-person program with sorority members who participated in the program (n = 30) compared with those who did not (n = 18). Results indicate that program participants showed increased bystander efficacy, likelihood to help, and responsibility for ending violence without unintended "backlash" effects. Implications include a call for future programming with more diverse sorority members over longer time. In addition, we discuss what the findings might mean for formal campus policies and practices for preventing sexual violence and IPV. PMID:21628337

Moynihan, Mary M; Banyard, Victoria L; Arnold, Julie S; Eckstein, Robert P; Stapleton, Jane G

2011-06-01

415

To Be Completed by the Faculty Member: Name: Department  

E-print Network

To Be Completed by the Faculty Member: Name: Department: I am requesting my one-time lump sum IPR payment: GID #: Faculty Member Signature Date To Be Completed by the Department Head: Faculty member workload (no teaching replacement required). % of IPR exceeded % of Research workload: Cost of Teaching

Maxwell, Bruce D.

416

32 CFR 202.8 - Training RAB members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Training RAB members. 202.8 Section 202.8 National... Operating Requirements § 202.8 Training RAB members. Training is not required for RAB members. It may be advisable, however, to...

2011-07-01

417

32 CFR 202.8 - Training RAB members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Training RAB members. 202.8 Section 202.8 National... Operating Requirements § 202.8 Training RAB members. Training is not required for RAB members. It may be advisable, however, to...

2013-07-01

418

32 CFR 202.8 - Training RAB members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Training RAB members. 202.8 Section 202.8 National... Operating Requirements § 202.8 Training RAB members. Training is not required for RAB members. It may be advisable, however, to...

2012-07-01

419

32 CFR 202.8 - Training RAB members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Training RAB members. 202.8 Section 202.8 National... Operating Requirements § 202.8 Training RAB members. Training is not required for RAB members. It may be advisable, however, to...

2010-07-01

420

Participation of VICA Members in Personal Development Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the extent to which 1994-95 members of the West Virginia chapter of Vocational Industrial Clubs of America (VICA) participated in VICA personal development activities. The study population consisted of all VICA members in West Virginia, and the study sample consisted of all 156 VICA members who attended the annual West Virginia…

Gordon, Howard R. D.

421

12 CFR 1261.3 - Designation of member directorships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...required to be held by the members in each State as of December 31 of the...required to be held by the members in that State. For purposes of conducting...designated as representing the members in each voting State in the Bank district....

2010-01-01

422

Homophily among Peer Groups Members' Perceived Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is one of the first examining whether peer group members hold similar levels of self-regulated learning. The study specifically addresses the potential homophily among group members' regulative abilities (metacognition, environment regulation, effort regulation, peer learning, and help seeking) and whether group members'…

Jones, Martin H.; Alexander, Joyce M.; Estell, David B.

2010-01-01

423

12 CFR 1261.6 - Determination of member votes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of votes that each member of the Bank may cast for each directorship that is to be filled...election, each member shall be entitled to cast one vote for each share of Bank stock...the number of votes that any member may cast for any one directorship shall...

2012-01-01

424

12 CFR 1261.6 - Determination of member votes.  

...of votes that each member of the Bank may cast for each directorship that is to be filled...election, each member shall be entitled to cast one vote for each share of Bank stock...the number of votes that any member may cast for any one directorship shall...

2014-01-01

425

12 CFR 1261.6 - Determination of member votes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of votes that each member of the Bank may cast for each directorship that is to be filled...election, each member shall be entitled to cast one vote for each share of Bank stock...the number of votes that any member may cast for any one directorship shall...

2013-01-01

426

12 CFR 1261.5 - Determination of member votes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of votes that each member of the Bank may cast for each directorship that is to be filled...election, each member shall be entitled to cast one vote for each share of Bank stock...the number of votes that any member may cast for any one directorship shall...

2010-01-01

427

12 CFR 1261.6 - Determination of member votes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of votes that each member of the Bank may cast for each directorship that is to be filled...election, each member shall be entitled to cast one vote for each share of Bank stock...the number of votes that any member may cast for any one directorship shall...

2011-01-01

428

A general strategy for the stereocontrolled preparation of diverse 8- and 9-membered Laurencia-type bromoethers.  

PubMed

A unique procedure to effect a ring-expanding bromoetherification process is described, wherein tetrahydrofurans and tetrahydropyrans are smoothly transformed into 8- and 9-membered bromoethers in a regio- and stereocontrolled manner through the use of BDSB (bromodiethylsulfonium bromopentachloroantimonate). These products resemble the cores of the Laurencia C15 acetogenins. In light of the generality and effectiveness of the approach, this work provides a unique strategy for their laboratory preparation and may implicate a possible biosynthesis pathway. PMID:21919540

Snyder, Scott A; Treitler, Daniel S; Brucks, Alexandria P; Sattler, Wesley

2011-10-12

429

A Taxonomy of Buffer Overflow Characteristics Matt Bishop, Member, IEEE, Sophie Engle, Damien Howard, Member, IEEE, and Sean Whalen  

E-print Network

A Taxonomy of Buffer Overflow Characteristics Matt Bishop, Member, IEEE, Sophie Engle, Damien Howard, Member, IEEE, and Sean Whalen Abstract--Significant work on vulnerabilities focuses on buffer of buffer overflow vulnerabilities based upon characteristics, or preconditions that must hold

Bishop, Matt

430

A Taxonomy of Buffer Overflow Characteristics Matt Bishop, Member, IEEE, Sophie Engle, Damien Howard, Member, IEEE, and Sean Whalen  

E-print Network

A Taxonomy of Buffer Overflow Characteristics Matt Bishop, Member, IEEE, Sophie Engle, Damien Howard, Member, IEEE, and Sean Whalen Abstract---Significant work on vulnerabilities focuses on buffer of buffer overflow vulnerabilities based upon characteristics, or preconditions that must hold

Bishop, Matt

431

19 CFR 122.75b - Electronic manifest requirement for crew members and non-crew members onboard commercial aircraft...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...before scheduled flight departure, the air carrier must receive approval from...available; (xv) International Air Transport Association (IATA) departure port...member and non-crew member lists. Air carriers subject to the...

2011-04-01

432

17 CFR 240.11a2-2(T) - Transactions effected by exchange members through other members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...exchange members through other members. 240.11a2-2(T) Section 240.11a2-2(T) Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES...Trading Regulation (rule 11a-1) § 240.11a2-2(T) Transactions effected by exchange members...

2010-04-01

433

17 CFR 240.11a2-2(T) - Transactions effected by exchange members through other members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...exchange members through other members. 240.11a2-2(T) Section 240.11a2-2(T) Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES...Trading Regulation (rule 11a-1) § 240.11a2-2(T) Transactions effected by exchange members...

2011-04-01

434

17 CFR 240.11a2-2(T) - Transactions effected by exchange members through other members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...exchange members through other members. 240.11a2-2(T) Section 240.11a2-2(T) Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES...Trading Regulation (rule 11a-1) § 240.11a2-2(T) Transactions effected by exchange members...

2012-04-01

435

17 CFR 240.11a2-2(T) - Transactions effected by exchange members through other members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...exchange members through other members. 240.11a2-2(T) Section 240.11a2-2(T) Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES...Trading Regulation (rule 11a-1) § 240.11a2-2(T) Transactions effected by exchange members...

2013-04-01

436

17 CFR 240.11a2-2(T) - Transactions effected by exchange members through other members.  

...exchange members through other members. 240.11a2-2(T) Section 240.11a2-2(T) Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES...Trading Regulation (rule 11a-1) § 240.11a2-2(T) Transactions effected by exchange members...

2014-04-01

437

Construction of implicational quantifiers from fuzzy implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relations between two Boolean attributes derived from data can be quantified by [0,1]-valued functions defined on four-fold tables corresponding to pairs of the attributes. The most important of such quantifiers are implicational ones widely used in data-mining procedures. On the other hand, there are operators of fuzzy implication introduced and studied in fuzzy logic. In the paper, two methods of

Jirí Ivánek

2005-01-01

438

Evaluations of and reasoning about normative and deviant ingroup and outgroup members: development of the black sheep effect.  

PubMed

Research with adults has demonstrated a "black sheep effect" (BSE) whereby, relative to evaluations of normative group members, ingroup deviants are derogated more than outgroup deviants. The developmental subjective group dynamics (DSGD) model holds that the BSE should develop during middle childhood when children apply wider social norms. Three hundred and thirty-eight children who were between 5 and 12 years old judged a normative (socially desirable) and a deviant (socially undesirable) member from an ingroup or an outgroup school. Results confirmed a developmental increase in the BSE, the first time this has been demonstrated. Children's own evaluations of group members were mediated by their expectations about ingroup peers' evaluations. In line with DSGD and social domain theories, with age, children's explanations of peer evaluations for ingroup deviance focused relatively more on loyalty. Practical and theoretical implications for peer inclusion and exclusion are discussed. PMID:23544855

Abrams, Dominic; Palmer, Sally B; Rutland, Adam; Cameron, Lindsey; Van de Vyver, Julie

2014-01-01

439

Bias-corrected short-range Member-to-Member ensemble forecasts of reservoir inflow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Member-to-Member ensemble forecasting system is developed for inflows to hydroelectric reservoirs that incorporates multiple numerical weather prediction models and multiple distributed hydrological models linked by a variety of downscaling schemes. Each hydrological model uses multiple differently-optimized parameter sets and begins each daily forecast from several different initial conditions. The ensemble thereby attempts to sample all sources of error in the modeling chain. The importance of sampling all sources of error is illustrated by comparing this ensemble with an ensemble comprised of single 'best' parameterization for each hydrological model. Degree-of-mass-balance bias correction schemes trained using data windows of varying lengths are applied to the individual ensemble members. Based on examination of various verification metrics, we determine that a bias corrector that uses a linearly-weighted combination of past errors calculated over a three-day moving window is able to significantly improve forecast quality for the flashy case study watershed in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. Incorporation of all sources of modeling uncertainty is found to greatly improve ensemble resolution and discrimination. The full potential for these improvements using ensembles is only realized after removal of bias.

Bourdin, Dominique R.; Stull, Roland B.

2013-10-01

440

19 CFR 122.49c - Master crew member list and master non-crew member list requirement for commercial aircraft...  

...non-crew member list requirement for commercial aircraft arriving in, departing from...Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within...non-crew member list requirement for commercial aircraft arriving in, departing...

2014-04-01

441

1 Member Raoul Adamchak University of California Davis Agriculture Lecture 2 Member Jeffrey Amthor US DOE, Climate and Environmental Sceiences Div Agriculture Room A  

E-print Network

Purkable JHU/Applied Physics Lab Energy 11 Member Hratch Semerjian CCR Energy 12 Member Nam Sun Wang National Institute of Metrology, P.R. China Agriculture 1 Member Ken Butcher NIST Energy 2 Member Chuck Corr Archer Daniels Midland Co. Energy Lecture 3 Member Matthew Frome Solazyme Energy Room B 4 Member

442

End member models for Andean Plateau uplift  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We test whether central Andean Plateau (AP) uplift was fundamentally slow and steady or rapid and recent. These end-member uplift models are evaluated by synthesizing geologic, geomorphic, geochemical, and geophysical observations in the central Andes and presenting a synoptic description of AP development. Results are as follows: AP structural and geophysical studies identify variable shortening magnitudes (530- 150 km) involving cover-to-basement rocks, an isostatically-compensated thick AP crust (80-65 km), high heat flow, and zones of variable velocity and attenuation in the crust and mantle. These observations have invoked interpretations such as a hot/weak lithosphere, partial melt, crustal flow, and even current, localized delamination, but appear to lack strong support for the rapid uplift model which predicts massive late Miocene delamination. AP deformation began ~60-40 Ma and migrated eastward with consistent long-term average rates (~12-8 mm/yr) in Bolivia, favoring the slow uplift model. Volcanic and helium isotope evidence show an AP-wide zone of shallow mantle melting and thin lithosphere that has existed for the last 25 Ma, contrary to the rapid rise model predictions. Uplift constraints advocate a rapid ~2.5 km elevation gain 10-6 Ma, but are equally consistent within error with a more linear rise since >sim25 Ma. Widespread and substantial fluvial incision (2.5-1 km) occurred along the western AP flank since 11-8 Ma which may be associated with surface uplift as proposed by the rapid rise model. However, simulated, AP uplift-induced climate changes suggest a) sizeable corrections to the paleoaltimetry data and b) a climate change trigger for the western AP flank incision, both of which support the slow rise model. From this, we, among other studies, conclude that 1) significant upper-plate deformation within a weak lithosphere is essential to AP growth, 2) AP development has taken significantly longer (>40 Myr since deformation began, >~25 Myr since thin AP lithosphere) and was more uniform along strike (~1500 km) than previously appreciated, and 3) the slow and steady uplift model is more consistent with available constraints. Therefore, we suggest the rapid uplift model may be an overestimate and that a more protracted Cenozoic uplift history is tenable.

Barnes, J. B.; Ehlers, T. A.

2008-12-01

443

Moral injury: a mechanism for war-related psychological trauma in military family members.  

PubMed

Recent research has provided compelling evidence of mental health problems in military spouses and children, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), related to the war-zone deployments, combat exposures, and post-deployment mental health symptoms experienced by military service members in the family. One obstacle to further research and federal programs targeting the psychological health of military family members has been the lack of a clear, compelling, and testable model to explain how war-zone events can result in psychological trauma in military spouses and children. In this article, we propose a possible mechanism for deployment-related psychological trauma in military spouses and children based on the concept of moral injury, a model that has been developed to better understand how service members and veterans may develop PTSD and other serious mental and behavioral problems in the wake of war-zone events that inflict damage to moral belief systems rather by threatening personal life and safety. After describing means of adapting the moral injury model to family systems, we discuss the clinical implications of moral injury, and describe a model for its psychological treatment. PMID:23852334

Nash, William P; Litz, Brett T

2013-12-01

444

Evaluation of dynamic collapse in thin-walled composite members  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many of steel thin wall closed section members are used by automobile industry. The local buckling of these elements that occur under compressive stress remains the main technological problem. To improve the performance of the members, the filling the inside of closed section with the low-density foaming material are usually used. In this study, we present the usefulness of axial compression and 3-point bending tests for the composite members filled with two kinds of epoxy resin. The difference between composite member and thin-walled member was investigated concerning their elastic and plastic collapse characteristics while tested with various deformation velocities. The adherent strength between thin-walled member and foaming material, and filling effect of the foaming material in the energy absorption characteristics was clarified.

Nishimura, N.; Murase, K.; Onda, T.; Watanabe, T.

2013-07-01

445

Molecular mechanics calculations of five-membered and pseudo-four-membered rings  

E-print Network

. Jaan Laane Molecular mechanics calculations (MM2) were used to determine barriers to planarity and -pseudorotation in the five-membered rings, 1, 3-dioxolane and CsHsX, where X = CHz, CO, 0, S, SiHz. Energies for planar, twist (Cz) and bent (C... to examine planar and puckered conformations of 1, 3-cyclohexadiene. Results suggest that the conjugated diene exists in a twisted (Cz) configuration. MM2 calculations indicate that the lowest energy form of 1, 4-cyclohexadiene is planar. Potential...

Cooper, Carol Rae

2012-06-07

446

Transient response of lattice structures based on exact member theory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The computer program BUNVIS-RG, which treats vibration and buckling of lattice structures using exact member stiffness matrices, has been extended to calculate the exact modal mass and stiffness quantities that can be used in a conventional transient response analysis based on modes. The exact nature of the development allows inclusion of local member response without introduction of any interior member nodes. Results are given for several problems in which significant interaction between local and global response occurs.

Anderson, Melvin S.

1989-01-01

447

Homophily Among Peer Groups Members’ Perceived Self-Regulated Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study is one of the first examining whether peer group members hold similar levels of self-regulated learning. The study specifically addresses the potential homophily among group members’ regulative abilities (metacognition, environment regulation, effort regulation, peer learning, and help seeking) and whether group members’ regulative abilities predict affiliates’ academic performance. The study surveyed 9th-grade students from a Midwestern high

Martin H. Jones; Joyce M. Alexander; David B. Estell

2010-01-01

448

An investigation of buckling of compression members having initial curvature  

E-print Network

load is within the elastic range and that the member waa initially straight. Euler recognised that, his equation would have to be modified to apply to members with initial curvature, and he stated that the differ- ential equation used... was considered by a term in the expression which ao- counted for the crookedness. The solution also involved methods of using equivalent loads on the member to give the assumed curvature. A similar approaoh was used by E. H. Salmon in 1921. (11) Salmon...

Robertson, Raymond Coy

2012-06-07

449

The impact of rebranding on club member relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the response of members to a rebranding strategy implemented by a member-owned organisation. More specifically, the authors examine the impact of rebranding awareness and attitude towards rebranding on the members' perceived value of their memberships, their satisfaction and, subsequently, their commitment to the organisation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research employed in-depth

Carolin Plewa; Vinh Lu; Roberta Veale

2011-01-01

450

Flame-Resistant Composite Materials For Structural Members  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Matrix-fiber composite materials developed for structural members occasionally exposed to hot, corrosive gases. Integral ceramic fabric surface layer essential for resistance to flames and chemicals. Endures high temperature, impedes flame from penetrating to interior, inhibits diffusion of oxygen to interior where it degrades matrix resin, resists attack by chemicals, helps resist erosion, and provides additional strength. In original intended application, composite members replace steel structural members of rocket-launching structures that deteriorate under combined influences of atmosphere, spilled propellants, and rocket exhaust. Composites also attractive for other applications in which corrosion- and fire-resistant structural members needed.

Spears, Richard K.

1995-01-01

451

Near-Optimal Deterministic Attitude Filtering Mohammad Zamani, Jochen Trumpf, Member, IEEE, and Robert Mahony, Senior Member, IEEE  

E-print Network

Near-Optimal Deterministic Attitude Filtering Mohammad Zamani, Jochen Trumpf, Member, IEEE are with the School of Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia. Mohammad.Zamani

Trumpf, Jochen

452

Emergency release device for connecting between tubular members in oil and gas wells  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a device for connecting a first tubular member to a second tubular member for operating in an earth well, it comprises: a first tubular body member having a longitudinal bore extending therethrough, means for connecting the first body member to one of the tubular members, a second tubular body member having a longitudinal bore extending therethrough, means for connecting the second body member to the other tubular member, means for connecting the second body member to the first body member while preventing relative rotational movement therebetween, and means for releasing the second body member from the first body member in the well.

Pleasants, C.W.

1992-09-15

453

Paradoxical Role of an Egr Transcription Factor Family Member, Egr2/Krox20, in Learning and Memory  

PubMed Central

It is well established that Egr1/zif268, a member of the Egr family of transcription factors, is critical for the consolidation of several forms of memories. Recently, the Egr3 family member has also been implicated in learning and memory. Because Egr family members encode closely related zinc-finger transcription factors sharing a highly homologous DNA binding domain that recognises the same DNA sequence, they may have related functions in brain. Another Egr family member expressed in brain, Egr2/Krox20 is known to be crucial for normal hindbrain development and has been implicated in several inherited peripheral neuropathies; however, due to Egr2-null mice perinatal lethality, its potential role in cognitive functions in the adult has not been yet explored. Here, we generated Egr2 conditional mutant mice allowing postnatal, forebrain-specific Cre-mediated Egr2 excision and tested homozygous, heterozygous and control littermates on a battery of behavioural tasks to evaluate motor capacity, exploratory behaviour, emotional reactivity and learning and memory performance in spatial and non-spatial tasks. Egr2-deficient mice had no sign of locomotor, exploratory or anxiety disturbances. Surprisingly, they also had no impairment in spatial learning and memory, taste aversion memory or fear memory using a trace conditioning paradigm. On the contrary, Egr2-deficient mice had improved performance in motor learning on a rotarod, and in object recognition memory. These results clearly do not extend the phenotypic consequences resulting from either Egr1 or Egr3 loss-of-function to Egr2. In contrast, they indicate that Egr family members may have different, and in certain circumstances antagonistic functions in the adult brain. PMID:18958188

Poirier, Roseline; Cheval, Hélène; Mailhes, Caroline; Charnay, Patrick; Davis, Sabrina; Laroche, Serge

2007-01-01

454

Validation of Toolkit After-Death Bereaved Family Member Interview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Toolkit After-Death Bereaved Family Member Interview to measure quality of care at the end of life from the unique perspective of family members. The survey included proposed problem scores (a count of the opportunity to improve the quality of care) and scales. Data were collected through

Joan M. Teno; Brian Clarridge; Virginia Casey; Susan Edgman-Levitan; Jack Fowler

2001-01-01

455

Joseph Ting Founding Member, President, Catapult Product Development, Inc.  

E-print Network

, dermatology/aesthetics, minimally invasive surgery, gynecology, and GI. Before Catapult, Joe was the generalJoseph Ting Founding Member, President, Catapult Product Development, Inc. Joe Ting was one of the founding members of Catapult Product Development and is currently the president of the company. Joe has 20

Vajda, Sandor

456

Control of a space robot with flexible members  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamics and control of a space robotic system with flexible members during an object manipulation task is studied here. Flexible members such as solar panels of space free flying robotic systems and their flexible joints during a manoeuvre may get stimulated and vibrate. Therefore, such vibrations will cause some oscillatory disturbance forces on the moving base and manipulated object, which

Payam Zarafshan; S. Ali. A. Moosavian

2011-01-01

457

Improving Individual Member Accountability in Small Work Group Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A technique used in college instruction to improve the contribution of individual members to a small working group of students is described. The approach addresses two common problems: (1) resolution of conflicts and (2) dealing with nonperforming group members. Students interview prospective partners and form their own groups, then report on the…

Mello, Jeffrey A.

1993-01-01

458

Reuniting Estranged Family Members: A Cognitive-Behavioral-Systemic Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the course of their clinical work, couple and family therapists may encounter situations in which family members have become estranged. While some of these estrangements have to do with reasons beyond family members’ control, such as adoptions, etc., many cases are primarily the result of deliberate separation over hurt feelings sparked by disputes. This article offers an integrated approach,

Frank M. Dattilio; Michael P. Nichols

2011-01-01

459

Rewarding in open innovation communities – how to motivate members  

Microsoft Academic Search

To attract and to commit users to participate in online open innovation communities it is important to know the motivations of the members and ways to enhance commitment. One way to motivate members to participate is to reward them by monetary or non-monetary rewards. In this study we focus on studying the role of rewarding in online open innovation intermediaries.

Maria J. Antikainen; Heli K. Vaataja

2010-01-01

460

Publications by Gene Therapy Center Members January 2012 -December 2012  

E-print Network

Publications by Gene Therapy Center Members January 2012 - December 2012 Center Members are in BOLD for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Hypertension. 2012;59(4):755-62. PMCID: 3313828. 2. Abecassis M Ventricular Arrhythmiasin Mice with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Heart Rhythm. 2012. 7. Barr RG, Ahmed FS

461

An Exploration of Group and Member Development in Experiential Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this phenomenological study, we explored 52 group members' development in experiential groups. Specifically, participants completed 10 weekly journal reflections about their experiences as members and also reflected on the group's overall development. Four overall themes--exploration, transition, working, closure--as well as multiple…

Ohrt, Jonathan H.; Prochenko, Yulia; Stulmaker, Hayley; Huffman, David; Fernando, Delini; Swan, Karrie

2014-01-01

462

Emotion and attribution of intentionality in leader–member relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we present a model of emotions and attributions of intentionality within the leader–member relationship. The model is predicated on two central ideas. The first is that leadership is intrinsically an emotional process, where leaders display emotion and attempt to evoke emotion in their members. The second is that leadership is a process of social interaction and is

Marie T. Dasborough; Neal M Ashkanasy

2002-01-01

463

Exercise motivation in university community members: A behavioural intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exercise motivation in university community members: A behavioural intervention. The purpose of this study was to examine how exercise level, exercise motives, and barriers changed from the baseline phase to the follow-up phase after a behavioural and cognitive intervention aimed at increasing exer- cise. Seventy-five members of our university community (43 subjects in the control group and 32 in the

Lluís Capdevila Ortís; Jaume Cruz Feliu; Josep María; Losilla Vidal; Eva Parrado Romero; Mònica Pintanel Bassets; Montserrat Valero Herreros; Jaume Vives Brosa

2007-01-01

464

Boston University DOM's Principles of Fair Expectations Faculty Members  

E-print Network

Boston University DOM's Principles of Fair Expectations Faculty Members Page 1 of 2 3 specifying their expectations and responsibilities. · The letter will contain or state: o The projected the expectations of the faculty in accordance with the nature of the faculty member's appointment as follows: o

465

Welcoming New Board Members: 15 Tips for Better Orientations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Board orientation provides a unique forum for an institution to help new board members understand the roles and responsibilities expected of them. It is a chance, too, to share essential information that the college or university thinks new trustees need to know. Moreover, it is an opportunity for the institution to bring new members up to date…

Pelletier, Stephen G.

2013-01-01

466

Identification of members of the P-glycoprotein multigene family  

Microsoft Academic Search

Overproduction of P-glycoprotein is intimately associated with multidrug resistance. This protein appears to be encoded by a multigene family. Thus, differential expression of different members of this family may contribute to the complexity of the multidrug resistance phenotype. Three lambda genomic clones isolated from a hamster genomic library represent different members of the hamster P-glycoprotein gene family. Using a highly

W. F. Ng; F. Sarangi; R. L. Zastawny; L. Veinot-Drebot; V. Ling

1989-01-01

467

Preparing New Faculty Members for Their Teaching Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizing past research, Smith (1995) indicates that the majority of faculty members "'view teaching as their primary role,' want to do a good job, and work hard at improving their effectiveness." Yet most faculty members are not educated to be teachers. At best, they have received a course in pedagogy specific to their discipline as a…

Jones, Andrew

2008-01-01

468

University Wind Ensemble Member Handbook Academic Year 2013-2014  

E-print Network

motivated student musician for whom music making is a personal priority. This ensemble requires a fullUniversity Wind Ensemble Member Handbook Academic Year 2013-2014 Conductor: Sebastian Bonaiuto musical literature written for winds and percussion. The typical member is a highly skilled and highly

Huang, Jianyu

469

School Board Member Professional Development and Effects on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to focus on the issue of professional development education for school board members. The research question that guides this mixed study is: does school board member professional development have an effect on student achievement? Design/methodology/approach: The standardized protocol for this study was to send…

Roberts, Kerry L.; Sampson, Pauline M.

2011-01-01

470

Leader-Member Relationships in Virtual World Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

As researchers today seek to understand how virtual worlds may be effectively leveraged for collaborative purposes, exploring the role of leadership in virtual world teams may help shed light on how to manage synchronous and highly interdependent work activities for better team outcomes. Based upon Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) Theory, this study seeks to understand how leadership affects team member performance.

Samuel Goh; Molly Wasko

2011-01-01

471

22 CFR 906.4 - Hearing panels and members.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Hearing panels and members. 906.4 Section 906...BOARD HEARINGS § 906.4 Hearing panels and members. Unless the Board and...otherwise, all hearings shall be held before a panel of at least three...

2014-04-01

472

Colorado Forestry Advisory Board Members: April 6, 2005  

E-print Network

#12;Colorado Forestry Advisory Board Members: April 6, 2005 The 2004 Report on the Health types that characterize Colora- do's unique landscapes. As members of the Colorado Forestry Advisory will motivate and inform your involvement. Sincerely, Nancy M. Fishering Chairperson, Colorado Forestry Advisory

473

Knowledge of Physical Therapy: A Survey of Fitness Center Members  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of knowledge the public, specifically members of fitness centers, had about services offered by physical therapists. The two proposed hypotheses of this study relate to the knowledge of physical therapy by members of fitness centers based on services offered at the fitness centers and the respondent's experience

Catherine Clark; Suzanne Foley-Belatti; Lourdes Lacson

2001-01-01

474

12 CFR 1278.6 - Ratification by Bank members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...each Constituent Bank shall be entitled to cast one vote for each share of Bank stock...the number of votes that any member may cast shall not exceed the average number of...as of the Record Date. A member must cast all of its votes either for or...

2012-01-01

475

12 CFR 1278.6 - Ratification by Bank Members.  

...each Constituent Bank shall be entitled to cast one vote for each share of Bank stock...the number of votes that any member may cast shall not exceed the average number of...as of the Record Date. A member must cast all of its votes either for or...

2014-01-01

476

12 CFR 1278.6 - Ratification by Bank Members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...each Constituent Bank shall be entitled to cast one vote for each share of Bank stock...the number of votes that any member may cast shall not exceed the average number of...as of the Record Date. A member must cast all of its votes either for or...

2013-01-01

477

Perceived Family Resources Based on Number of Members with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examines how the number of family members with ADHD affects other family members' perceived resources. Method: A total of 40 adolescents diagnosed with ADHD and their mothers, fathers, and adolescent siblings living in the household participated. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to analyze family-level data from a total…

Corwin, Melinda; Mulsow, Miriam; Feng, Du

2012-01-01

478

Scholars and Faculty Members' Lived Experiences in Online Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into faculty members' use of technology and social networking sites has largely focused upon pedagogical practice, at the expense of understanding user experiences with these technologies. Through phenomenological interviews with three faculty members, we investigate their lived experiences with social networking sites. Results point to a…

Veletsianos, George; Kimmons, Royce

2013-01-01

479

The After-Death Call to Family Members: Academic Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors discuss clinical and teaching aspects of a telephone call by the treating clinician to family members after a patient dies. Methods: A MEDLINE search was conducted for references to an after-death call made by the treating clinician to family members. A review of this literature is summarized. Results: A clinical application…

LoboPrabhu, Sheila; Molinari, Victor; Pate, Jennifer; Lomax, James

2008-01-01

480

Faculty Members Discuss What Role They Should Play in Athletics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 130 faculty members and athletics administrators from some of the country's largest universities gathered in Washington, D.C. last week to discuss the relationship between faculty members and intercollegiate athletics at what organizers said was the first national forum dedicated to the topic. During a series of panel discussions,…

Sander, Libby

2007-01-01

481

Actual and ideal professional support for African American family members.  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were to describe and compare, specifically, African American family members of critically ill adults' perceptions of the professional support they would like (ideal) to receive with the professional support they received (actual) from critical care nurses. The Professional Support Questionnaire for Critical Care Nurses Working With Family Members (PSQ) was administered by mail or telephone to 36 African American family members. The PSQ consists of three domains of support--information, comfort, and assurance. Paired t-test analyses indicated there were differences between the descriptions of professional nursing support expected (ideal) by family members and the professional support provided (actual) by critical care nurses. Although there was not an absence of professional nursing support, the degree and frequency to which African American family members wanted nurses to support them were not comparable to the support that nurses provided them. PMID:9842290

Waters, C M

1998-12-01

482

Second-Level Buffer Cache Management Yuanyuan Zhou, Member, IEEE, Zhifeng Chen, and Kai Li, Senior Member, IEEE  

E-print Network

Second-Level Buffer Cache Management Yuanyuan Zhou, Member, IEEE, Zhifeng Chen, and Kai Li, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Buffer caches are commonly used in servers to reduce the number of slow disk accesses or network messages. These buffer caches form a multilevel buffer cache hierarchy

Wiseman, Yair

483

The source coding game with a cheating switcher Hari Palaiyanur, Student Member, Cheng Chang, Anant Sahai, Member  

E-print Network

continuity of rate-distortion function, switcher, lossy com- pression, source coding game, estimation of rateThe source coding game with a cheating switcher Hari Palaiyanur, Student Member, Cheng Chang, Anant Sahai, Member Abstract Motivated by the lossy compression of an active-vision video stream, we consider

Sahai, Anant

484

Stochastic DT-MRI Connectivity Mapping on the GPU Tim McGraw, Member, IEEE and Mariappan Nadar, Member, IEEE  

E-print Network

path. A Bayesian formulation of the fiber model is given and it is shown that the inversion method canStochastic DT-MRI Connectivity Mapping on the GPU Tim McGraw, Member, IEEE and Mariappan Nadar, Member, IEEE Abstract--We present a method for stochastic fiber tract mapping from diffusion tensor MRI

McGraw, Tim

485

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 748 - Guidance on Response Programs for Unauthorized Access to Member Information and Member Notice  

...Activity Reports, March 2004; NCUA Regulatory Alert No. 04-RA-01, The Suspicious Activity...credit union; b. A description of fraud alerts and an explanation of how the member may place a fraud alert in the member's consumer reports to...

2014-01-01

486

Hearings on the Reauthorization of Title 3(b) of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988: Drug Abuse Education and Prevention Programs for Runaway and Homeless Youth and Youth Gangs. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session (Washington, D.C., July 18, 1991; Downey, California, August 2, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains witness testimonies from two Congressional hearings examining the reauthorization of Title 3(b) of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 relating to the drug abuse education and prevention for runaway and homeless youth and youth gangs. Opening statements are included from Representatives Martinez and Fawell. Witnesses providing…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

487

The Stoners: Drugs, Demons, and Delinquency. Garland Series, Cults and Nonconventional Religious Groups: A Collection of Outstanding Dissertations and Monographs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some adolescent Hispanic gang members in East Los Angeles call themselves Stoners, a reference to heavy illegal substance abuse. Stoners are distinguished from other gang members by their acquaintance with the occult sciences and Satanism. This book begins with a literature review covering traditional gangs and their subcultures in the 19th and…

Trostle, Lawrence C.

488

Method for brazing together planar and nonplanar metal members  

DOEpatents

The invention relates to a method and apparatus for brazing two metal members together, at least one of which is nonplanar, in a brazing furnace using a substantially pure brazing material. The method comprises the steps of utilizing a brazing fixture to hold the two metal members in tangential relation to one another along a portion of each member so that a cavity is formed adjacent to the contacting portions. A braze material is then positioned within the cavity. The braze fixture, the metal members, and the braze material are then placed in a brazing furnace. A heat shield is then placed over the braze fixture, the metal members, and the braze material to shield the braze material from direct furnace radiation. The furnace temperature is linearly increased at a rate of about 180.degree. C. per hour until a temperature of 350.degree. C. is achieved. Heat is transferred by conduction from the metal members to the braze material to cause the braze material to melt. Some material from the metal members slowly diffuses into the braze material forming a braze joint. The furnace is rapidly cooled to room temperature using nitrogen gas. The brazed assemblies made according to this method are superior to assemblies formed by heliarc welding.

Hammersand, Fred G. (East Petersburg, PA); Witkowski, Anthony J. (Lancaster, PA)

1985-01-01

489

Development of magnetostrictive active members for control of space structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this Phase 2 Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) project was to determine the technical feasibility of developing magnetostrictive active members for use as truss elements in space structures. Active members control elastic vibrations of truss-based space structures and integrate the functions of truss structure element, actively controlled actuator, and sensor. The active members must control structural motion to the sub-micron level and, for many proposed space applications, work at cryogenic temperatures. Under this program both room temperature and cryogenic temperature magnetostrictive active members were designed, fabricated, and tested. The results of these performance tests indicated that room temperature magnetostrictive actuators feature higher strain, stiffness, and force capability with lower amplifier requirements than similarly sized piezoelectric or electrostrictive active members, at the cost of higher mass. Two different cryogenic temperature magnetostrictive materials were tested at liquid nitrogen temperatures, both with larger strain capability than the room temperature magnetostrictive materials. The cryogenic active member development included the design and fabrication of a cryostat that allows operation of the cryogenic active member in a space structure testbed.

Johnson, Bruce G.; Avakian, Kevin M.; Fenn, Ralph C.; Gaffney, Monique S.; Gerver, Michael J.; Hawkey, Timothy J.; Boudreau, Donald J.

1992-01-01

490

Perceived drinking norms among black college students: the race of reference group members.  

PubMed

Social norms have been consistently shown to influence alcohol use among college students. Much of the research in this area is focused on mostly White samples. This study sought to expand our understanding of social norms theory by examining perceptions of normative alcohol use among Black students and determining the impact of the race of reference group members on personal alcohol use. Participants (N=130; 73.8% female) completed an online questionnaire. Results of repeated measures of analysis of variance indicated that participants perceived all referent groups (i.e., White, same race, typical student) as drinking significantly more than they did. Results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated that perceptions of typical student drinking significantly predicted personal alcohol use. Implications for practice and research are discussed. PMID:23816472

Martin, Jessica L; Groth, Gabrielle; Buckner, Lindsay; Gale, Michael M; Kramer, Melanie E

2013-10-01

491

Structural and functional relationships between photoreceptor tetraspanins and other superfamily members  

PubMed Central

The two primary photoreceptor-specific tetraspanins are retinal degeneration slow (RDS) and rod outer segment membrane protein-1 (ROM-1). These proteins associate together to form different complexes necessary for the proper structure of the photoreceptor outer segment rim region. Mutations in RDS cause blinding retinal degenerative disease in both rods and cones by mechanisms that remain unknown. Tetraspanins are implicated in a variety of cellular processes and exert their function via the formation of tetraspanin-enriched microdomains. This review focuses on correlations between RDS and other members of the tetraspanin superfamily, particularly emphasizing protein structure, complex assembly, and post-translational modifications, with the goal of furthering our understanding of the structural and functional role of RDS and ROM-1 in outer segment morphogenesis and maintenance, and our understanding of the pathogenesis associated with RDS and ROM-1 mutations. PMID:21655915

Conley, Shannon M.; Stuck, Michael W.; Naash, Muna I.

2011-01-01

492

Power Quality Implications  

E-print Network

by consumers whose equipment has in some way been affected by the quality of electricity. This paper describes some of the causes of this apparent dilemma and explores the implications for industry utilities and equipment manufacturers....

Hilson, D.

493

Seeking Control of Hard Disk Drive by Perfect Tracking using Multirate Sampling Control Hiroshi Fujimoto, Student Member, Yoichi Hori, Member (The University of Tokyo), Takashi  

E-print Network

Fujimoto, Student Member, Yoichi Hori, Member (The University of Tokyo), Takashi Yamaguchi, Member Disk Magnetic head Carriage & Head suspension Voice coil Motor Frame Base Servo signal 2 Fig. 2. Hard

Fujimoto, Hiroshi

494

25. VIEW OF EARTHQUAKEDAMAGED TRUSS MEMBER AT #070, SUPPORTED BY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. VIEW OF EARTHQUAKE-DAMAGED TRUSS MEMBER AT #070, SUPPORTED BY TEMPORARY BRACING, LOOKING NORTHEAST TO SOUTHWEST - Oakland Army Base, Transit Shed, East of Dunkirk Street & South of Burma Road, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

495

Floating platform with monolithically formed float members and platform  

SciTech Connect

Floating platforms for various offshore facilities are formed of float members monolithically connected to a superposed platform. The float members are spherically shaped and are formed of reinforced or prestressed concrete. The platform can be a hollow planar member or it can be curved in one or two directions, and the platforms are formed of prestressed concrete. Cylindrical shafts can be used to connect the spherically shaped floats and the platform. Individual floating platforms can be connected by expansion joints and used as a runway. The float members can be constructed at the shoreline, launched into the water and held in a regular pattern while decked over with the platform. After completion of the construction procedure, the floating platform can be moved to an offshore location for use.

Finsterwalder, U.

1981-06-30

496

Supportive Resources for Adult Patients, Family Members, and Friends  

E-print Network

with Loss ­ The Bereavement Program supports family members and friends following the death of a loved one. 617-632-2490 or www.dana-farber.org/bereavement Hats, Wigs, Scarves, and Prostheses ­ Visit Friends

Liu, Xiaole Shirley

497

MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES As of March 2014  

E-print Network

. Coleman Townsend, Jr. Sherman L. Townsend Kenneth C. Whitney Trustees Emeriti Werner C. Brown Robert W of the University Elected and Appointed Members Tony Allen Carol Ammon Michelle Barineau James C. Borel Thomas J

Firestone, Jeremy

498

18. HISTORIC VIEW OF MAX VALIER, FOUNDING MEMBER OF THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. HISTORIC VIEW OF MAX VALIER, FOUNDING MEMBER OF THE VEREIN FUER RAUMSCHIFFAHRT (GERMAN SOCIETY FOR SPACE TRAVEL), DRIVES HIS ROCKET CAR IN 1931. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Redstone Rocket (Missile) Test Stand, Dodd Road, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

499

AREAS OF SCIENTIFIC/PROFESSIONAL INTEREST INDICATED BY COUNCIL MEMBER  

E-print Network

Application/Development Exercise Physiology/Stress/Kinesiology Computer Software Engineering Wagner Developmental Psychology Reading Dyslexia Phonology Intelligence Learning/Motivation I Pediatrics Management and Policy Minority Health and Disparities Women's Health #12;Ex Officio Members: Cates Pediatric

Rau, Don C.

500

76 FR 18737 - Reserve Forces Policy Board (RFPB) Member Solicitation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...member solicitation: Name of Committee: Reserve Forces Policy Board (RFPB). Background: Secretary of Defense, George C. Marshall, abolished the Civilian Components Policy Board in June, 1951 and created the Reserve Forces Policy Board. The...

2011-04-05