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1

[Rural School Administrator's Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains resources on five topics relevant to rural school administrators. "Assessing Parent Involvement: A Checklist for Rural Schools": discusses educator beliefs that support successful parent engagement programs, challenges and advantages of rural schools attempting to involve parents and community, and aspects of successful…

AEL, Inc., Charleston, WV.

2

Administrators' Decisions about Resource Allocation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Do academic administrators make decisions about resource allocation differently depending on the discipline receiving the funding? Does an administrator's academic identity influence these decisions? This study explored those questions with a sample of 1,690 academic administrators at doctoral-research universities. Participants used fictional…

Knight, William E.; Folkins, John W.; Hakel, Milton D.; Kennell, Richard P.

2011-01-01

3

Administration of Computer Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Computing at Stanford University has, until recently, been performed at one of five facilities. The Stanford hospital operates an IBM 370/135 mainly for administrative use. The university business office has an IBM 370/145 for its administrative needs and support of the medical clinic. Under the supervision of the Stanford Computation Center are…

Franklin, Gene F.

4

Coping with Administrative Problems in Resource Sharing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Resource sharing and its present status at the Mathematics and Computing Department at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory are discussed. The resulting administrative problems and the problem that results from approaching computer saturation are discussed.

R. J. Harvey

1974-01-01

5

78 FR 61367 - Health Resources and Services Administration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration...Request AGENCY: Health Resources and Services Administration...1995), the Health Resources and Services Administration...to the Office of Management and Budget...

2013-10-03

6

Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources  

SciTech Connect

World oil use is projected to grow to 98 million b/d in 2015 and 118 million b/d in 2030. Total world natural gas consumption is projected to rise to 134 Tcf in 2015 and 182 Tcf in 2030. In an era of declining production and increasing demand, economically producing oil and gas from unconventional sources is a key challenge to maintaining global economic growth. Some unconventional hydrocarbon sources are already being developed, including gas shales, tight gas sands, heavy oil, oil sands, and coal bed methane. Roughly 20 years ago, gas production from tight sands, shales, and coals was considered uneconomic. Today, these resources provide 25% of the U.S. gas supply and that number is likely to increase. Venezuela has over 300 billion barrels of unproven extra-heavy oil reserves which would give it the largest reserves of any country in the world. It is currently producing over 550,000 b/d of heavy oil. Unconventional oil is also being produced in Canada from the Athabasca oil sands. 1.6 trillion barrels of oil are locked in the sands of which 175 billion barrels are proven reserves that can be recovered using current technology. Production from 29 companies now operating there exceeds 1 million barrels per day. The report provides an overview of continuous petroleum sources and gives a concise overview of the current status of varying types of unconventional oil and gas resources. Topics covered in the report include: an overview of the history of Oil and Natural Gas; an analysis of the Oil and Natural Gas industries, including current and future production, consumption, and reserves; a detailed description of the different types of unconventional oil and gas resources; an analysis of the key business factors that are driving the increased interest in unconventional resources; an analysis of the barriers that are hindering the development of unconventional resources; profiles of key producing regions; and, profiles of key unconventional oil and gas producers.

none

2006-09-15

7

Primer on gas integrated resource planning  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following topics: gas resource planning: need for IRP; gas integrated resource planning: methods and models; supply and capacity planning for gas utilities; methods for estimating gas avoided costs; economic analysis of gas utility DSM programs: benefit-cost tests; gas DSM technologies and programs; end-use fuel substitution; and financial aspects of gas demand-side management programs.

Goldman, C.; Comnes, G.A.; Busch, J.; Wiel, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1993-12-01

8

New sources make gas an unlimited resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

A world resource assessment of natural gas indicates that remaining original recoverable resource and consumption projections put natural gas in a much better position than oil, which is being rapidly depleted. Forecasters see worldwide production continuing at a high level for over 60 years and recommend increasing imports of gas to the U.S. They see adequate time for supplemental gas

1978-01-01

9

Undiscovered natural gas resources of Montana  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses data from the Resource Appraisal Group of the U.S. Geological Survey and shows that, in addition to approximately 930 billion cubic feet (BCF) of proved gas reserves in Montana (1975 AGA), there are at least two trillion cubic feet of gas in the undiscovered and inferred resource categories. This amount of gas would provide Montana an equivalent

1976-01-01

10

Bonneville Power Administration generating resource acquisition process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

BPA relies on its Resource Program and the Council's Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan (Plan) to determine new firm power needs. The Resource Program estimates the need for additional power to meet BPA's firm loads, taking into account the pr...

1990-01-01

11

Report on audit of Bonneville Power Administration`s energy resource programs  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) must ensure that the costs of its contracts for energy resources are as low as reasonably possible and that the resources are needed. During the audit, we reviewed Bonneville`s energy resource programs and focused on its purchase of electrical output from natural gas fired combustion turbines. The objective of this audit was to determine if Bonneville paid excessive costs to acquire the electrical output from combustion turbine facilities. The audit showed that Bonneville contracted to purchase the output from a combustion turbine facility at excessive cost, and that the electricity was not needed. The cost of the electricity under this contract exceeded the amount of revenue Bonneville could obtain by selling it. Bonneville estimated it would operate the generation facility for only 6 months of the year; the contract, however, required Bonneville to pay the fixed costs of the facility during the other 6 months. Consequently, the cost of the electricity plus the fixed costs in the first year of the contract would exceed revenues by $20.9 million. The contract also contained cost escalators that exceeded the rate of inflation. These cost escalators combined with the excessive initial cost resulted in projected excessive costs of $146.8 million in the first 5 years of the contract, Finally, the contract was not needed due to competition from similar facilities and a desire by customers to diversify their sources of electricity.

NONE

1995-09-08

12

Chair Talk: Resources to Maximize Administrative Efforts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earth science department chairs are generally scientists who have little\\/no formal administrative training. The common rotation of faculty members in three-six year cycles distributes the heavy leadership responsibilities but involves little preparation beforehand to deal with budgets, fundraising, personnel issues, confrontations, and crises. The amount of information exchange and support upon exit and handoff to the next chair is variable.

H. MacDonald; M. A. Chan; E. W. Bierly; C. A. Manduca; C. J. Ormand

2009-01-01

13

Energy resource potential of natural gas hydrates  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The discovery of large gas hydrate accumulations in terrestrial permafrost regions of the Arctic and beneath the sea along the outer continental margins of the world's oceans has heightened interest in gas hydrates as a possible energy resource. However, significant to potentially insurmountable technical issues must be resolved before gas hydrates can be considered a viable option for affordable supplies of natural gas. The combined information from Arctic gas hydrate studies shows that, in permafrost regions, gas hydrates may exist at subsurface depths ranging from about 130 to 2000 m. The presence of gas hydrates in offshore continental margins has been inferred mainly from anomalous seismic reflectors, known as bottom-simulating reflectors, that have been mapped at depths below the sea floor ranging from about 100 to 1100 m. Current estimates of the amount of gas in the world's marine and permafrost gas hydrate accumulations are in rough accord at about 20,000 trillion m3. Disagreements over fundamental issues such as the volume of gas stored within delineated gas hydrate accumulations and the concentration of gas hydrates within hydrate-bearing strata have demonstrated that we know little about gas hydrates. Recently, however, several countries, including Japan, India, and the United States, have launched ambitious national projects to further examine the resource potential of gas hydrates. These projects may help answer key questions dealing with the properties of gas hydrate reservoirs, the design of production systems, and, most important, the costs and economics of gas hydrate production.

Collett, T. S.

2002-01-01

14

CGEAN: a resource for nursing administration.  

PubMed

In the last decade, CGEAN has expanded its membership to include more nurse executives, nurse researchers, and international members. CGEAN is also responding to changes in healthcare administration as it becomes more evidence-based and in faculty roles, which are increasingly emphasizing external research funding as a role expectation. This year 's forum on research development held during the business meeting at the NARC conference yielded several new initiatives to support faculty development and student training in research. We invite readers to join with us to implement these new initiatives. PMID:11098247

Havens, D S; Dienemann, J A

2000-11-01

15

NATURAL GAS RESOURCES IN DEEP SEDIMENTARY BASINS  

SciTech Connect

From a geological perspective, deep natural gas resources are generally defined as resources occurring in reservoirs at or below 15,000 feet, whereas ultra-deep gas occurs below 25,000 feet. From an operational point of view, ''deep'' is often thought of in a relative sense based on the geologic and engineering knowledge of gas (and oil) resources in a particular area. Deep gas can be found in either conventionally-trapped or unconventional basin-center accumulations that are essentially large single fields having spatial dimensions often exceeding those of conventional fields. Exploration for deep conventional and unconventional basin-center natural gas resources deserves special attention because these resources are widespread and occur in diverse geologic environments. In 1995, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated that 939 TCF of technically recoverable natural gas remained to be discovered or was part of reserve appreciation from known fields in the onshore areas and State waters of the United. Of this USGS resource, nearly 114 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of technically-recoverable gas remains to be discovered from deep sedimentary basins. Worldwide estimates of deep gas are also high. The U.S. Geological Survey World Petroleum Assessment 2000 Project recently estimated a world mean undiscovered conventional gas resource outside the U.S. of 844 Tcf below 4.5 km (about 15,000 feet). Less is known about the origins of deep gas than about the origins of gas at shallower depths because fewer wells have been drilled into the deeper portions of many basins. Some of the many factors contributing to the origin of deep gas include the thermal stability of methane, the role of water and non-hydrocarbon gases in natural gas generation, porosity loss with increasing thermal maturity, the kinetics of deep gas generation, thermal cracking of oil to gas, and source rock potential based on thermal maturity and kerogen type. Recent experimental simulations using laboratory pyrolysis methods have provided much information on the origins of deep gas. Technologic problems are one of the greatest challenges to deep drilling. Problems associated with overcoming hostile drilling environments (e.g. high temperatures and pressures, and acid gases such as CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}S) for successful well completion, present the greatest obstacles to drilling, evaluating, and developing deep gas fields. Even though the overall success ratio for deep wells is about 50 percent, a lack of geological and geophysical information such as reservoir quality, trap development, and gas composition continues to be a major barrier to deep gas exploration. Results of recent finding-cost studies by depth interval for the onshore U.S. indicate that, on average, deep wells cost nearly 10 times more to drill than shallow wells, but well costs and gas recoveries vary widely among different gas plays in different basins. Based on an analysis of natural gas assessments, many topical areas hold significant promise for future exploration and development. One such area involves re-evaluating and assessing hypothetical unconventional basin-center gas plays. Poorly-understood basin-center gas plays could contain significant deep undiscovered technically-recoverable gas resources.

Thaddeus S. Dyman; Troy Cook; Robert A. Crovelli; Allison A. Henry; Timothy C. Hester; Ronald C. Johnson; Michael D. Lewan; Vito F. Nuccio; James W. Schmoker; Dennis B. Riggin; Christopher J. Schenk

2002-02-05

16

Coalbed gas - an undeveloped resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coalbeds are both source and reservoir rocks for major quantities of natural gas. Large amounts of natural gas are generated in coalbeds throughout their burial history by both biogenic and thermogenic processes. Coalbed gases are variable in their molecular and isotopic composition. In addition to methane, they can contain significant amounts of heavier hydrocarbons and CO[sub 2]. The primary controls

D. D. Rice; B. E. Law; J. L. Clayton

1993-01-01

17

Geologic studies of deep natural gas resources  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1995, the USGS estimated a mean resource of 114 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered technically recoverable natural gas in plays deeper than 15,000 feet/4,572 meters in onshore regions of the United States. This volume summarizes major conclusions of ongoing work. Chapters A and B address the areal extent of drilling and distribution of deep basins in the U.S. Chapter C summarizes distribution of deep sedimentary basins and potential for deep gas in the former Soviet Union. Chapters D and E are geochemical papers addressing source-rock issues and deep gas generation. Chapter F develops a probabilistic method for subdividing gas resources into depth slices, and chapter G analyzes the relative uncertainty of estimates of deep gas in plays in the Gulf Coast Region. Chapter H evaluates the mechanism of hydrogenation of deep, high-rank spent kerogen by water, with subsequent generation of methane-rich HC gas.

edited by Dyman, T. S.; Kuuskraa, V. A.

2001-01-01

18

Social Security Administration: Workloads, Resources, and Service Delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some Members of Congress have expressed concern about whether the Social Security Administration (SSA) has adequate resources to manage its workloads. The agency has struggled to provide quality service to the public. Backlogs in the disability programs have caused widespread concern. SSA’s efforts to ensure the accuracy of benefit payments have declined. Many applicants and beneficiaries have experienced long waits

Kathleen Romig

2009-01-01

19

USGS assesses deep undiscovered gas resource  

SciTech Connect

The US Geological Survey (USGS) estimated in 1995 that 1,412 tcf of technically recoverable natural gas remained to be discovered or developed in US onshore areas. A significant part of that resource base, 114 tcf, is undiscovered gas in deep sedimentary basins assessed by the USGS in onshore areas and state waters. This article contains: (1) descriptions of the deep gas plays supplied by USGS province geologists; (2) estimates of undiscovered technically-recoverable gas from these plays; and, (3) comparisons of the USGS estimates with other recent deep gas assessments. For detailed discussions of the deep gas plays and maps illustrating the play outlines, refer to the 1995 USGS National Petroleum Assessment CD-ROM.

Dyman, T.S.; Schmoker, J.W. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States); Root, D.H. [Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States)

1998-04-20

20

Biogenic gas: Controls, habitats, and resource potential  

SciTech Connect

As much as 20 percent of the world's natural-gas resource is estimated to have been generated by the decomposition of organic matter by anaerobic microbes at low temperatures. This gas is commonly referred to as biogenic gas. Most biogenic gas was generated early in the burial history of sediments. Some biogenic gas was also generated in relatively recent geologic time and is associated with groundwater flow. The factors that favor significant generation of biogenic gas are anoxic conditions, low sulfate content, low temperature, abundant organic matter, and sufficient pore space for the microbes to thrive. Conditions beneficial for the accumulation of biogenic gas include stratigraphic or early structural traps, adequate seals, low permeability, low pressure, early dissolution of the gas, and formation of gas hydrates. Rapid sediment deposition is critical to both the generation and the accumulation of biogenic gas generated during the early stage. Biogenic gas is distinguished by its molecular and isotopic composition. The hydrocarbon fraction is generally more than 99 percent methane, and the diagnostic isotopic composition of the methane component is as follows: [delta][sup 13]C values are generally lighter than -55 parts per thousand (permil), and [delta]D values are usually in the range of -150 to -250 permil. This isotopic composition indicates that the methane generally resulted from CO[sub 2] reduction. Significant accumulations of ancient biogenic gas have been discovered in Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, and South America. These accumulations occur in Mississippian and younger rocks, at burial depths as much as 4,600 m. They are associated with a variety of rock types (carbonate, clastic, and coal), and occur in a variety of marine and nonmarine depositional settings generally characterized by rapid deposition. 111 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs.

Rice, D.D. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States))

1993-01-01

21

Coal and coal gas resources in the Piceance Basin, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

Accurate assessment and delineation of coal and coal gas resources within basins are important aspects of resource development. Previous estimates of coal resources in the Piceance Basin range from 248 to 382 billion tons, and in-place coal gas resources are generally accepted to be 84 Tcf. Assuming no depth restrictions, we estimate coal and coal gas resources to be approximately 289 billion tons and 99 Tcf, respectively. Coal gas resources in the Piceance were calculated using two different approaches because of the topographic relief in the basin. The first method, which correlated ash-free gas content with depth, overestimated coal gas resources under topographically high areas. The second method, based on coal rank, eliminated topographic effects but underestimated coal gas resources in parts of the basin where unusually high gas contents occur owing to gas migration. Therefore, coal gas resources range between 80 and 136 Tcf, depending on the method used. Assuming no depth restrictions, 80 percent of the coal (255 billion tons) and 75 percent of the coal gas (76 Tcf) resources are found in the lower part of the Cameo-Wheeler Fairfield coal group. The regional distribution of coal gas resources generally follows net coal trends. Maximum in-place coal gas resources exceed 60 Bcf/mi[sup 2] in the deeper parts of the basin and are double the 30 Bcf/mi[sup 2] previously reported.

Scott, A.R.; Tyler, R.; Kaiser, W.R.; McMurray, R.G.; Nance, H.S. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States))

1996-01-01

22

Natural gas resources of the sedimentary basins in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1980s, oil and gas resource assessment in China has gone through five development stages. Resource assessment in different stages differs in data input, methodology and key parameters, resulting in significantly different conclusions on the oil and gas resource potential in China. The latest round oil and gas assessment in China was completed in 2005, with the following characteristics: (1)

Wenzhi Zhao; Zecheng Wang; Jingming Li; Jian Li; Zengye Xie; Zhaoyun Wang

2008-01-01

23

The Frustrated Nerds Project--Resources for Systems Administrators in Higher Education: A Resource Webliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Systems Architects and Information Technology administrators working in higher education help faculty, staff, and student computer users. Yet, who helps them? What resources do these professionals value? A case study was conducted using purposeful sampling and data collection through electronic interview to gather the preferred information-seeking…

Henninger, Jessamyn; Aber, Susan Ward

2010-01-01

24

Multi-criteria evaluation of natural gas resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geologically estimated natural gas resources are 500Tcm. With the advance in geological science increase of estimated resources is expected. Natural gas reserves in 2000 have been proved to be around 165Tcm. As it is known the reserves are subject to two constraints, namely: capital invested in the exploration and drilling technologies used to discover new reserves. The natural gas scarcity

Naim H. Afgan; Petros A. Pilavachi; Maria G. Carvalho

2007-01-01

25

Shale gas resource potential in the upper yangtze area  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through analysis of geological setting, shale characteristics and basic reservoir characteristics, it is concluded that there is a great distribution of marine shale and this area has the basic geographical conditions for large-scale gathering shale gas, and thus offering huge shale gas resources and broad prospects for exploration The shale gas is the natural gas gathered in the hydrocarbon source

Jin Wenzheng; Zhang Jinchuan; Ding Wenlong; Tang Xuan

2011-01-01

26

Gas in the Uinta Basin, Utah - resources in continuous accumulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuous-type gas plays can be envisioned as large areas within which the reservoir rock is everywhere charged with gas. As part of its 1995 National Assessment of oil and gas resources, the US Geological Survey identified four continuous-type gas plays in the Unita Basin. These occur in sandstone reservoirs of the lower Tertiary Wasatch Formation (two plays) and the underlying

J. W. Schmoker; T. D. Fouch; R. R. Charpentier

1996-01-01

27

Unconventional gas resources. [Eastern Gas Shales, Western Gas Sands, Coalbed Methane, Methane from Geopressured Systems  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the program goals, research activities, and the role of the Federal Government in a strategic plan to reduce the uncertainties surrounding the reserve potential of the unconventional gas resources, namely, the Eastern Gas Shales, the Western Gas Sands, Coalbed Methane, and methane from Geopressured Aquifers. The intent is to provide a concise overview of the program and to identify the technical activities that must be completed in the successful achievement of the objectives.

Komar, C.A. (ed.)

1980-01-01

28

Audit of Bonneville Power Administration`s management of Information Resources  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville Power Administration`s (Bonneville) information resources include computer-related equipment, spare parts, and computer software. The objective of this audit was to determine whether Bonneville acquired and accounted for computer-related equipment properly. We found positive aspects in Bonneville`s management of computer-related equipment. However, improvements could be made in implementing credit card and property procedures. Specifically, we found that improvements were needed to (1) control credit card purchases, (2) ensure that equipment was tagged and included in property records, (3) maintain accountability over spare parts, and (4) identify unused equipment. As a result, about $90,000 of equipment was bought by personnel whose authority to purchase was not properly documented, and about $182,000 of purchases lacked supporting invoices. In addition, one maintenance support group had over $109,000 of spare parts shortages. Furthermore, Bonneville could have saved about $803,000 had unused equipment been redistributed within Bonneville or to other Federal and state agencies. Management concurred with the recommendations to improve internal controls.

NONE

1996-04-02

29

Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools? Resource Allocation in Charter and Traditional Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is widespread concern that administration consumes too much of the educational dollar in traditional public schools, diverting needed resources from classroom instruction and hampering efforts to improve student outcomes. By contrast, charter schools are predicted to have leaner administration and allocate resources more intensively to…

Arsen, David; Ni, Yongmei

2012-01-01

30

Marginal costs of undiscovered natural gas resources in the United States with possible application to world oil and gas resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The Mineral Resources Institute of the Colorado School of Mines is completing a project sponsored jointly by the Gas Research Institute and the Electric Power Research Institute to assess the cost of development of natural gas resources in the United States. The project has as its objective the development of a method and subsequent calculation of costs which might

Harry C. Kent; F. Dail Singleton

1984-01-01

31

The current state of human resource development administration in Japan and the debate on its future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the areas of human resource development that come under the administration of the Human Resources Development Bureau of the Ministry of Labour in Japan, and are administered through human resource development councils at the central and prefectural level. The recent rapid changes in industrial and demographic structures necessitated a systematic training for new skills and upgrading of the current

Masayuki Kitaura

1996-01-01

32

78 FR 14806 - Health Resources and Services Administration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...HRSA published a document in the Federal Register of January 7, 2013 (FR Doc. 2013-00032), regarding organizational changes that update the functional statements for the Office of Management. The administrative code for the...

2013-03-07

33

Oil-and-gas resources of Alaska  

SciTech Connect

This is a short information circular on the history of oil-and-gas development in Alaska. It discusses the past discoveries and the future prospects and the estimated reserve base of the state. It also briefly discusses the oil-and-gas leasing program and exploration activity in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. A map of Alaska showing oil-and-gas fields, reserves, and lease boundaries is also provided.

Not Available

1985-01-01

34

Ultra-Deepwater and Unconventional Natural Gas and Other Petroleum Resources  

SciTech Connect

RPSEA is currently in its first year of performance under contract DE-AC26-07NT42677, Ultra-Deepwater and Unconventional Natural Gas and Other Petroleum Resources Program Administration. Progress continues to be made in establishing the program administration policies, procedures, and strategic foundation for future research awards. Significant progress was made in development of the draft program solicitations. In addition, RPSEA personnel continued an aggressive program of outreach to engage the industry and ensure wide industry participation in the research award solicitation process.

Russell E. Fray

2007-06-30

35

Post Chlorine gas exposure administration of nitrite prevents lung injury: effect of administration modality  

PubMed Central

Cl2 gas toxicity is complex and occurs during, and post exposure leading to acute lung injury (ALI) and reactive airway syndrome (RAS). Moreover, Cl2 exposure can occur in diverse situations encompassing mass casualty scenarios underscoring the need for post-exposure therapies that are efficacious and amenable to rapid and easy administration. In this study, we compared the efficacy of a single dose, post (30min) Cl2 exposure administration of nitrite (1mg/kg) via intraperitoneal (IP) or intramuscular (IM) injection in rats, to decrease ALI. Exposure of rats to Cl2 gas (400ppm, 30min) significantly increased ALI and caused RAS 6–24h post exposure as indexed by BAL sampling of lung surface protein, PMN and increased airway resistance and elastance prior to and post methacholine challenge. IP nitrite decreased Cl2 - dependent increases in BAL protein but not PMN. In contrast IM nitrite decreased BAL PMN levels without decreasing BAL protein in a xanthine oxidoreductase independent manner. Histological evaluation of airways 6h post exposure showed significant bronchial epithelium exfoliation and inflammatory injury in Cl2 exposed rats. Both IP and IM nitrite improved airway histology compared to Cl2 gas alone, but more coverage of the airway by cuboidal or columnar epithelium was observed with IM compared to IP nitrite. Airways were rendered more sensitive to methacholine induced resistance and elastance after Cl2 gas exposure. Interestingly, IM nitrite, but not IP nitrite, significantly decreased airway sensitivity to methacholine challenge. Further evaluation and comparison of IM and IP therapy showed a two-fold increase in circulating nitrite levels with the former, which was associated with reversal of post-Cl2 exposure dependent increases in circulating leukocytes. Halving the IM nitrite dose resulted in no effect in PMN accumulation but significant reduction of of BAL protein levels indicating distinct nitrite dose dependence for inhibition of Cl2 dependent lung permeability and inflammation. These data highlight the potential for nitrite as a post-exposure therapeutic for Cl2 gas induced lung injury and also suggest that administration modality is a key consideration in nitrite therapeutics.

Samal, Andrey A.; Honavar, Jaideep; Brandon, Angela; Bradley, Kelley M.; Doran, Stephen; Liu, Yanping; Dunaway, Chad; Steele, Chad; Postlethwait, Edward M.; Squadrito, Giuseppe L.; Fanucchi, Michelle V.; Matalon, Sadis; Patel, Rakesh P.

2012-01-01

36

Resource Allocation and Improved Student Performance: Teachers' Perspectives on School Finance Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As expectations rise for students to perform at higher levels, the question of how best to support student performance through resources becomes paramount. In determining new ways to better allocate resources, administrators must consider teacher input on what has/has not been effective in supporting increased student performance. Teachers…

Rudo, Zena H.

37

Assessment finds more natural gas resources but less oil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The latest report on undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources outside the United States estimates that there are more undiscovered and technically recoverable natural gas and natural gas liquids (NGLs) but less oil than had previously been thought. The 18 April report, issued by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of its World Petroleum Resource Project, estimates that there are 5606 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, compared with 4669 trillion cubic feet in the previous assessment, in 2000, and 167 billion barrels of NGLs compared with an earlier 207 billion barrels. The assessment also estimates that there are 565 billion barrels of oil compared with an earlier 649 billion. About 75% of those resources outside the United States are located in four regions: South America and the Caribbean, sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, and the Arctic provinces portion of North America, according to the new assessment.

Showstack, Randy

2012-05-01

38

The Virginia Henderson International Nursing Library: resource for nurse administrators.  

PubMed

This article describes the major knowledge resource of the Virginia Henderson International Nursing Library, The Registry of Nursing. The first part of this article examines informatics issues and is accompanied by examples of retrieval from a typical bibliographic database and a retrieval from the Registry of Nursing Research using case mix, both as a subject heading and as a research variable. The second part of the article examines the interaction of informatics and technology used in the Registry and presents some other Library resources. PMID:9215008

Graves, J R

1997-01-01

39

Historic Resource Study and Administrative History. George Washington Carver.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a two part study--the Historic Resource Study, the first part, contains five disparate but related chapters. The first deals with the problems of research--the evaluation of secondary sources and access to primary sources. Part II is the Adm...

A. C. Toogood

1973-01-01

40

Human Resources Administration: A School-Based Perspective. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many human-resource functions previously belonging to the central office are now the responsibility of school principals. Twelve chapters provide practical information about performing these functions. The first chapter provides an overview for the book. It briefly discusses the major topics and provides an overall framework for the more detailed…

Smith, Richard E.

41

The Organization and Administration of Two Year College Learning Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE TWO-YEAR COLLEGE learning resources center (LRC) represents a relatively recent addition to the academic library population. This type of academic library, as well as the concept it represents, is an important area for study and discussion for several reasons. First, two-year colleges represent a significant percentage of the total number of academic institutions. In addition to this numerical strength,

RUTH J. PERSON

42

Human Resources Administration: A School-Based Perspective. Fourth Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Enhanced and updated, this Fourth Edition of Richard E. Smith's highly successful text examines the growing role of the principal in planning, hiring, staff development, supervision, and other human resource functions. The Fourth Edition includes new sections on ethics, induction, and the role of the mentor teacher. This edition also introduces…

Smith, Richard

2009-01-01

43

Air quality analysis and related risk assessment for the Bonneville Power Administration`s Resource Program. Environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is considering 12 different alternatives for acquiring energy resources over the next 20 years. Each of the alternatives utilizes a full range of energy resources (e.g., coal, cogeneration, conservation, and nuclear); however, individual alternatives place greater emphases on different types of power-producing resources and employ different timetables for implementing these resources. The environmental impacts that would result from the implementation of each alternative and the economic valuations of these impacts, will be an important consideration in the alternative selection process. In this report we discuss the methods used to estimate environmental impacts from the resource alternatives. We focus on pollutant emissions rates, ground-level air concentrations of basic criteria pollutants, the acidity of rain, particulate deposition, ozone concentrations, visibility attenuation, global warming, human health effects, agricultural and forest impacts, and wildlife impacts. For this study, pollutant emission rates are computed by processing BPA data on power production and associated pollutant emissions. The assessment of human health effects from ozone indicated little variation between the resource alternatives. Impacts on plants, crops, and wildlife populations from power plant emissions are projected to be minimal for all resource alternatives.

Glantz, C.S.; Burk, K.W.; Driver, C.J.; Liljegren, J.C.; Neitzel, D.A.; Schwartz, M.N.; Dana, M.T.; Laws, G.L.; Mahoney, L.A.; Rhoads, K.

1992-04-01

44

Coalbed Gas Resources of the Rocky Mountain Region  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fact sheet, provided by the US Geological Survey, summarizes the geology and production potential of sedimentary provinces that contain extensive coal deposits and significant coalbed methane gas resources in the Rocky Mountain region. The sheet supplies information about what coalbed methane is, where it occurs, how it is recovered and how geologists assess its distribution and quality. A map of resources within the Rocky Mountain region is provided with the text.

Survey, National A.

45

Oil and gas resources in the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this study is to assess the oil and gas potential of the West Siberian Basin of Russia. The study does not analyze the costs or technology necessary to achieve the estimates of the ultimate recoverable oil and gas. This study uses reservoir data to estimate recoverable oil and gas quantities which were aggregated to the field level. Field totals were summed to a basin total for discovered fields. An estimate of undiscovered oil and gas, from work of the US Geological Survey (USGS), was added to give a total basin resource volume. Recent production decline points out Russia`s need to continue development of its discovered recoverable oil and gas. Continued exploration is required to discover additional oil and gas that remains undiscovered in the basin.

NONE

1997-12-01

46

Oil, gas resources estimated in the former Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in countries of the former Soviet Union. The assessments were made by participants of the World Energy Resources Program of the US Geological Survey using a modified Delphi (subjective) method and based on multiyear studies of the geology of FSU basins and exploration results. Reserves and undiscovered resources are allocated by basin to the newly independent states (NIS). Identified reserves have not been published, and the corresponding numbers in the table present a best guess'' based on reserves of the largest fields and/or basin production rates.

Ulmishek, G.F. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)); Masters, C.D. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

1993-12-13

47

Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

EIA Publications

Provides an assessment of the oil and gas potential of the West Siberian Basin of Russia. The report was prepared in cooperation with the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is part of the Energy Information Administration. s (EIA. s) Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP).

Floyd Wiesepape

1997-11-01

48

Gas in the Uinta Basin, Utah - resources in continuous accumulations  

SciTech Connect

Continuous-type gas plays can be envisioned as large areas within which the reservoir rock is everywhere charged with gas. As part of its 1995 National Assessment of oil and gas resources, the US Geological Survey identified four continuous-type gas plays in the Unita Basin. These occur in sandstone reservoirs of the lower Tertiary Wasatch Formation (two plays) and the underlying Upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group (two plays). Only the play representing the eastern part of the Wasatch Formation continuous accumulation (Natural Buttes area) has been the target of appreciable drilling activity to date. The volume of undiscovered gas estimated to be recoverable from these fur plays using existing technology and development practices ranges between 3.7 trillion cubic feet of gas (TCFG) (95th fractile) and 11.9 TCFG (5th fractile), and averages 7.0 TCFG. However, these are geologically based resource estimates, made without direct reference to economic viability. Economic analysis indicates that only a fraction of this assessed resource could be economically found and produced at prices less than $2.00 per thousand cubic feet of gas (MCFG), based on costs that prevailed at the beginning of 1993. Production characteristics of continuous-type gas plays vary significantly from well to well. Difficulty in identifying locations with poor production characteristics in advance of drilling contributes to the unfavorable economics of some plays. The need exists for improvements in technology and geologic understanding that increase the changes of selectively drilling the more productive locations within a continuous-type play.

Schmoker, J.W.; Fouch, T.D.; Charpentier, R.R. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)

1996-10-01

49

Rocky Mountain Natural Gas Resources - a potential gas committee perspective, 1984-1992  

SciTech Connect

Estimates by the Potential Gas Committee for the Rocky Mountain region have been compared for the time period 1984 to 1992. The Rocky Mountain area contains an abundant potential resource of technically recoverable natural gas in clastic, carbonate, and coalbed reservoirs. The assessed resource for the region is second only to the more mature producing regions of the Gulf Coast and Mid-Continent portions of the Lower 48 States. Although the magnitude and distribution among resource categories has shifted from 1984 to 1993, the overall trends have been to shallower, more assured resources, which comprise approximately 16% of the total U.S. estimates and 20% of the Lower 48 States. Changes in total resource estimates during the time period are discussed, together with changes within individual provinces. 6 refs., 9 figs.

Curtis, J.B. (Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States))

1994-04-01

50

Education for a Sustainable Future: A Resource for Curriculum Developers, Teachers, and Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, on social, environmental, and economic sustainability, is a resource for teachers, administrators, and curriculum developers. The increasing human population on the earth directs attention to sustainability, which was not a problem until the industrial revolution. This book uses an interdisciplinary approach and provides assistance…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg. School Programs Div.

51

Strengthening Support & Recruitment of Women & Minorities to Positions in Education Administration. A Resource Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Activities aimed at addressing the need for recruiting women and minorities in school administration are presented in this resource manual, which is a collective work of the Study Group on Women and Minorities sponsored by the National LEADership Network. Each section describes an interactive, adaptable activity that is aimed at policymakers and…

National LEADership Network. Study Group on Women and Minorities.

52

Western Canada basin conventional gas resource estimated at 232 tcf  

SciTech Connect

An estimate of 232 tcf of conventional undiscovered gas resources for the entire Western Canada Sedimentary basin indicates that more than half of the total gas resource remains to be discovered. This preliminary figure results from the main resource potential study, Conventional Gas Resources of the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin, being conducted by the Geological Survey of Canada. The study is the most comprehensive project of its kind undertaken by GSC because of the enormity of the pool database, the number of plays, and the geological complexities of those plays. The basin encompasses practically all of Alberta, Northeast British Columbia, southern Saskatchewan, and southwestern Manitoba. Hence it was necessary to divide the overall assessment into play groups using geological criteria, primarily major stratigraphic time/rock units, and structural/tectonic provinces. Although the Cretaceous--Tertiary play groups have not yet been subjected to the same Petrimes methodological assessment as the other play groups, it is believed that the overall assessment of 232 tcf presented here is reasonable, perhaps even somewhat conservative.

Reinson, G.E.; Lee, P.J.; Barclay, J.E.; Bird, T.D.; Osadetz, K.G. (Geological Survey of Canada, Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

1993-10-25

53

Arctic Oil And Gas Resources Energy Resources Map Circum-Pacific Region, Arctic Sheet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Arctic Energy-Resources Map published in 2000 covers the North Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Ocean, part of the North Atlantic Ocean and surrounding land. The map shows oil and gas fields, oil sand, oil shale, coal deposits, geothermal energy sites, onshore and offshore thickness of sedimentary rocks, and active tectonic plate boundaries. Background data on land are from the Arctic

Kenneth J. Drummond

54

How technology has confounded U. S. gas resource estimators  

SciTech Connect

As early as 1926, a report by the President's Federal Oil Conservation Board stated that, The total present reserve in pumping and flowing wells has been estimated at about 4 1/2 billion bbl, which is theoretically but 6 years' supply.'' Projections of a rapidly depleting US oil resources base have persisted to this day, but the US has developed 160 million bbl of oil since 1926, and the US Department of Energy reports remaining US oil resources as of 1992 of more than 200 billion bbl. While a few exceptions exist, the historical experience in estimating remaining resources has been to under-estimate. Has this occurred from an abundance of caution From conservative methodologies Rather, the author argues it has occurred because the impact of technology advances and man's ability to apply know-how have been undervalued or simply ignored. At no time has this been demonstrated more vividly than in the revolution in the perception of oil and gas resources in the US over the past decade and a half. The experience here is worth examining not only for its lesson in energy resources, but for environmental resources as well, as one tries to appreciate limitations.

Fischer, W.L. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States))

1994-10-24

55

77 FR 23105 - Supporting Safe and Responsible Development of Unconventional Domestic Natural Gas Resources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...full advantage of our natural gas resources, while giving American families and communities confidence that natural and cultural resources...engage in long-term planning and ensure coordination...issues as research, natural resource...

2012-04-17

56

Quantitative model of overpressured gas resources of Pinedale anticline, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

The Pinedale anticline, located southwest of the Wind River Mountains in the northern Green River basin, Wyoming, is a large structure with a thick sequence of Upper Cretaceous overpressured, low-permeability gas reservoirs. A quantitative three-dimensional model of the anticline and its gas reservoirs defines the occurrence and amount of this large, unconventional resource and identifies a geological rationale applicable to similar conditions. The geologic model consists of multiple cells, generally 1 mi/sup 2/ by 1000 ft thick. For each cell, geologic parameters such as lithology, porosity, temperature, and pressure are calculated. Geologic relationships, most determined by previous studies, also are incorporated in the model. These include (1) the relationship between structure and the top of overpressuring, (2) the coincidence of gas occurrence and overpressuring, (3) the relationships among overpressuring, temperature, and organic richness, (4) porosity-depth relationships, and (5) the coincidence of irreducible water saturation and overpressuring. Incorporating these geologic relationships into the evaluation of this type of unconventional gas accumulation results in a more accurate and geologically acceptable model. Most of the data for the model are from the 19,000-ft deep El Paso 1 Wagon Wheel well. Although 20 wells have been drilled on the anticline, the Wagon Wheel well is the only one that has penetrated the entire geologic section of interest. Additional stratigraphic, pressure, and temperature data from the other wells are used in the model. Structural information from a seismic line also was incorporated. This approach allows both a more precise estimation of gas resources and an understanding of the spatial distribution of resources within the anticline.

Charpentier, R.R.; Law, B.E.; Prensky, S.E.

1986-08-01

57

18 CFR 2.78 - Utilization and conservation of natural resources-natural gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...conservation of natural resources-natural gas. 2.78 Section 2.78 ...Policy and Interpretations Under the Natural Gas Act § 2.78 Utilization and conservation of natural resourcesânatural gas. (a)(1) The national...

2009-04-01

58

18 CFR 2.78 - Utilization and conservation of natural resources-natural gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...conservation of natural resources-natural gas. 2.78 Section 2.78 ...Policy and Interpretations Under the Natural Gas Act § 2.78 Utilization and conservation of natural resourcesânatural gas. (a)(1) The national...

2010-04-01

59

Algeria`s gas resources: A global evaluation and perspectives  

SciTech Connect

With more than 3 Tcm of proven recoverable reserves, Algeria is considered to play a major role in the gas market. If the export capacity is now about 20 Bcm , Sonatrach expects to reach, after the renovation of some industrial units, a level of nearly 27 Bcm, starting in 1996. Here we discuss the geological and geographical distribution of the proven gas reserves. Many consistent fields, except the Hassi R`Mel giant field, are not yet been developed the existing infrastructure network and near-futur projects will allow Sonatrach to produce more than 60 Bcm per year, from now until the year 2000. This objective entails a serious effort in exploration and development activities. If we try to estimate ultimate resources by geochemical modeling, considering only the two min source rocks and the volumes of gas generated-expelled after the min period of trap formation, we find about 160 Tcf of dry gas and 16 Tcf of condensate that can be explored. Our experience with the existing discovered fields, our knowledge of well-defined traps, reservoirs and seals, and the success ratio in the 30 past years, basin by basin, shows that about 36 Tcf can be considered as yet to be discovered. These two numbers indicate that Algeria`s gas potential is underexplored at present. The use of new technologies such as high-resolution and 3D seismic in exploration, and stimulation operations and horizontal well drilling in development-production, is an urgent need. Updating the legislative framework, which will extend laws applicable to liquid hydrocarbon to include gas, will constitute an attractive opportunity for more partnership, permitting the introduction of new ideas and technologies.

Takherist, D.; Attar, A.; Drid, M. [Sonatrach, Algiers (Algeria)

1995-08-01

60

Assessment of Gas Hydrate Resources on the North Slope, Alaska, 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the 2008 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, the USGS will release the results of the first assessment of the undiscovered technically recoverable gas hydrate resources on the North Slope of Alaska. This assessment indicates the existence of technically recoverable gas hydrate resources -- that is, resources that can be discovered, developed, and produced by using current technology.

T. S. Collett

2008-01-01

61

Natural gas resources of the Rocky Mountains and considerations for future supply  

SciTech Connect

This overview of the natural gas resources believed to exist in the Rocky Mountain area of the United States is based on resource assessment studies completed by the Potential Gas Committee (PGC), US Geological Survey and Minerals Management Service of the US Department of Interior (DOI) and the Gas Research Institute (GRI). Each of the estimating organizations use different data sources and assessment methodologies to evaluate the remaining gas resource. Thus, the results complement each other and, most importantly, provide a range of possible resource values for this area of the country. The range of estimates illustrate the amount of gas, not including proved reserves, believed to be technically recoverable from the Rocky Mountain area. The gas that is economically recoverable at any given time is a much smaller subset of the technically recoverable resource (Curtis, 1995). Gas price differentials, primarily due to excess production capacity, will also affect the actual gas supply provided to the nation from this area.

Curtis, J.B. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)

1997-01-01

62

Undiscovered Arctic gas hydrates: permafrost relationship and resource evaluation.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Though ice-core studies show that multidecadal-scale methane variability is only weakly correlated with reconstructed temperature variations (Mitchell et al., 2010) methane emission to the atmosphere still consider as the most significant contributions to the global warming processes. Pockmarks, seeps, mud volcanoes and other features associated with methane fluxes from the seabed have been widely reported, particularly during the last three decades. On continental margins, seepage of hydrocarbon gases from shallow sedimentary layers is a common phenomenon, resulting either from in situ formation of gases (mainly methane) by bacterial decomposition of organic matter within rapidly accumulated upper sediments or from upward migration of gases formed at greater depths. Furthermore, processes associated with seabed fluid flow have been shown to affect benthic ecology and to supply methane to the hydrosphere and the atmosphere (Judd, 2003; Hovland and Judd, 2007). The most recent investigations testified that revaluation of the role of gas seeps and related gas hydrate formation processes in the Arctic environment is necessary for the understanding of global methane balance and global climate changes (Westbrook et al., 2009; Shahova and Semiletov, 2010). With respect to gas hydrate formation, due to the presence of relict permafrost the Arctic submarine environment holds a specific place that is distinct from the rest of the Ocean. Submarine gas hydrates in the Arctic may be confined to (1) relict permafrost occurrences on the shelf; (2) concentrated methane infiltration toward the seafloor (shallow-seated gas hydrates); (3) dissipated methane infiltration from great depths (deep-seated gas hydrates). Permafrost-related or cryogenic gas hydrates form due to exogenous cooling of sediment (intra- and sub-permafrost gas hydrates). It is also suggested that some parts of hydrates may be preserved owing to a self-preservation effect above the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ), which is shifted downwards due to permafrost degradation (Istomin et al., 2006; Dallimore and Collett, 1995). It is also believed that thermal conditions favourable to the formation of gas hydrates within permafrost have existed since the end of the Pliocene (about 1.88 Ma) (Collet and Dallimore, 2000). We estimate the total area of the distribution of GHSZ in the Arctic Ocean (including shelf areas, continental slope, and deep-sea troughs) to be as much as four million km2. Assuming the average gas amount per unit area in a separate gas hydrate accumulation to be 5x106 m3/km2 (Soloviev et al., 1999), it can be estimated that Arctic hydrates contain about 20 billion m3 of methane. The total area of GHSZ distribution within the Arctic seas off Russia is estimated to be about 1 million km2, with potential resources of gas in the hydrate state of about 2.36 billion m3. It should be noted, however, that field data are sparse and investigations are still producing surprising results, indicating that our understanding of gas hydrate formation and distribution within and out of sub-sea permafrost is incomplete. Estimates of the current and future release of methane from still undiscovered hydrates require particularly knowledge of the recent geological history of Polar Regions.

Cherkashov, G. A.; Matveeva, T.

2011-12-01

63

Challenges in providing technical information for societal use: Examples from the gas resource assessment community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessments of likely sources of natural gas incorporate scientific, social, and cultural elements, and illustrate the complex interactions of economics, science, engineering, and social factors in the perception of natural resources. Two groups produce assessments of the potential natural gas resources of the United States: the private sector Potential Gas Agency and the public sector US Geological Survey and Minerals

John B. Curtis; Maeve A. Boland

2006-01-01

64

World oil and gas resources-future production realities  

SciTech Connect

Welcome to uncertainty was the phrase Jack Schanz used to introduce both layman and professionals to the maze of petroleum energy data that must be comprehended to achieve understanding of this critical commodity. Schanz was referring to the variables as he and his colleagues with Resources for the Future saw them in those years soon after the energy-awakening oil embargo of 1973. In some respects, the authors have made progress in removing uncertainty from energy data, but in general, we simply must accept that there are many points of view and many ways for the blindman to describe the elephant. There can be definitive listing of all uncertainties, but for this paper the authors try to underscore those traits of petroleum occurrence and supply that the author's believe bear most heavily on the understanding of production and resource availability. Because oil and gas exist in nature under such variable conditions and because the products themselves are variable in their properties, the authors must first recognize classification divisions of the resource substances, so that the reader might always have a clear perception of just what we are talking about and how it relates to other components of the commodity in question.

Masters, C.D.; Root, D.H.; Attanasi, E.D. (U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA (US))

1990-01-01

65

Mature Region, Youthful Potential: Oil and Natural Gas Resources in the Appalachian and Illinois Basins.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Making optimal use of available domestic fossil fuel resources is key to ensuring adequate supplies of energy for American consumers. This imperative has brought renewed focus to the significant oil and natural gas resources still remaining in America's o...

2005-01-01

66

Potential for deep natural gas resources in eastern Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The main purpose of the research is to evaluate the geological possibility that significant economically recoverable resources of natural gas exist in sedimentary basins of the United States at depths greater than 150,000 ft. While relatively unexplored, these gas resources may be large. The main objectives of the research are to determine the geologic factors that control deep gas accumulations in addition to the distribution and resource potential of these accumulations.

Rice, D.D.; Schenk, C.J.; Schmoker, J.W.; Fox, J.E.; Clayton, J.L.; Dyman, T.S.; Higley, D.K.; Keighin, C.W.; Law, B.E.; Pollastro, R.M.

1992-06-01

67

Potential for deep natural gas resources in eastern Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The main purpose of the research is to evaluate the geological possibility that significant economically recoverable resources of natural gas exist in sedimentary basins of the United States at depths greater than 150,000 ft. While relatively unexplored, these gas resources may be large. The main objectives of the research are to determine the geologic factors that control deep gas accumulations in addition to the distribution and resource potential of these accumulations.

Rice, D.D.; Schenk, C.J.; Schmoker, J.W.; Fox, J.E.; Clayton, J.L.; Dyman, T.S.; Higley, D.K.; Keighin, C.W.; Law, B.E.; Pollastro, R.M.

1992-01-01

68

Funding Landfill Gas Projects. A Guide to State, Federal, and Foundation Resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

More than 340 communities, landfill owners and operators, and state officials across the U.S. are learning that landfill gas is an important local and regional resource. To develop landfill gas utilization projects, landfill owners and operators capture l...

2004-01-01

69

Applying Probabilistic Well-Performance Parameters to Assessments of Shale-Gas Resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In assessing continuous oil and gas resources, such as shale gas, it is important to describe not only the ultimately producible volumes, but also the expected well performance. This description is critical to any cost analysis or production scheduling. A...

R. R. Chrpentier T. Cook

2010-01-01

70

Oil and gas resources of the Fergana basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan). Advance summary  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA), in cooperation with the US Geological Survey (USGS), has assessed 13 major petroleum producing regions outside of the United States. This series of assessments has been performed under EIA`s Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP). The basic approach used in these assessments was to combine historical drilling, discovery, and production data with EIA reserve estimates and USGS undiscovered resource estimates. Field-level data for discovered oil were used for these previous assessments. In FESAP, supply projections through depletion were typically formulated for the country or major producing region. Until now, EIA has not prepared an assessment of oil and gas provinces in the former Soviet Union (FSU). Before breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Fergana basin was selected for a trial assessment of its discovered and undiscovered oil and gas. The object was to see if enough data could be collected and estimated to perform reasonable field-level estimates of oil and gas in this basin. If so, then assessments of other basins in the FSU could be considered. The objective was met and assessments of other basins can be considered. Collected data for this assessment cover discoveries through 1987. Compared to most other oil and gas provinces in the FSU, the Fergana basin is relatively small in geographic size, and in number and size of most of its oil and gas fields. However, with recent emphasis given to the central graben as a result of the relatively large Mingbulak field, the basin`s oil and gas potential has significantly increased. At least 7 additional fields to the 53 fields analyzed are known and are assumed to have been discovered after 1987.

Not Available

1993-12-07

71

Resources  

MedlinePLUS

... Depression - resources Diabetes - resources Digestive disease - resources Drug abuse - resources Eating disorders - resources Elder care - resources Epilepsy - resources Family troubles - resources Gastrointestinal ...

72

Reservoir engineering aspects and resource-assessment methodology of eastern Devonian Gas shales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Department of Energy's Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) and Science Applications, Inc., are cooperating in the characterization of the eastern Devonian Shale gas resource. This study, focusing on the Lincoln County, WV, area, characterizes the resource and shows that conventional volumetric techniques cannot be used to determine the amount of gas in place. Previous studies, using calculations based

F. Kucuk; J. Alam; D. L. Streib

1978-01-01

73

Reservoir-engineering aspects and resource-assessment methodology of Eastern Devonian gas shales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Department of Energy's Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) and Science Applications, Inc., are cooperating in the characterization of the Eastern Devonian Shale gas resource. This study, focusing on the Lincoln County, WV, area, characterizes the resource and shows that conventional volumetric techniques cannot be used to determine the amount of gas in place. Previous studies, using calculations based

F. Kucuk; J. Alam; D. L. Streib

1978-01-01

74

Development of Alaskan gas hydrate resources: Annual report, October 1986--September 1987  

SciTech Connect

Solid ice-like mixtures of natural gas and water in the form of natural gas hydrated have been found immobilized in the rocks beneath the permafrost in Arctic basins and in muds under the deep water along the American continental margins, in the North Sea and several other locations around the world. It is estimated that the arctic areas of the United States may contain as much as 500 trillion SCF of natural gas in the form of gas hydrates (Lewin and Associates, 1983). While the US Arctic gas hydrate resources may have enormous potential and represent long term future source of natural gas, the recovery of this resource from reservoir frozen with gas hydrates has not been commercialized yet. Continuing study and research is essential to develop technologies which will enable a detailed characterization and assessment of this alternative natural gas resource, so that development of cost effective extraction technology.

Sharma, G.D.; Kamath, V.A.; Godbole, S.P.; Patil, S.L.; Paranjpe, S.G.; Mutalik, P.N.; Nadem, N.

1987-10-01

75

Review on the gas hydrate development and production as a new energy resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas hydrates consist of guest gas molecules inside hydrogen-bonded water lattices. Natural gas hydrates are found in offshore\\u000a and permafrost regions. The large amounts of gas hydrate reserves suggest the potential of gas hydrates as an energy resource\\u000a if economically viable production methods were developed. The proper understandings of hydrate formation\\/dissociation are\\u000a important for the drilling and oil production applications.

Joo Yong Lee; Byung Jae Ryu; Tae Sup Yun; Jaehyung Lee; Gye-Chun Cho

2011-01-01

76

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the West African Costal Province, West Africa  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The West African Coastal Province along the west African coastline recently was assessed for undiscovered, technically recoverable oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids resources as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's USGS World Oil and Gas Assessment. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS estimated mean volumes of 3.2 billion barrels of oil, 23.63 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 721 million barrels of natural gas liquids.

Brownfield, Michael E.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Klett, Timothy R.; Cook, Troy A.; Pollastro, Richard M.

2011-01-01

77

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the South Africa Coastal Province, Africa  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The South Africa Coastal Province along the South Africa coast recently was assessed for undiscovered, technically recoverable oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids resources as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) World Oil and Gas Assessment. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS estimated mean volumes of 2.13 billion barrels of oil, 35.96 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1,115 million barrels of natural gas liquids.

Brownfield, Michael E.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, Timothy R.; Cook, Troy A.; Pollastro, Richard M.

2012-01-01

78

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Chad Basin Province, North-Central Africa  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Chad Basin Province located in north-central Africa recently was assessed for undiscovered, technically recoverable oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids resources as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) World Oil and Gas Assessment. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS estimated mean volumes of 2.32 billion barrels of oil, 14.65 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 391 million barrels of natural gas liquids.

Brownfield, Michael E.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, Timothy R.; Cook, Troy A.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.

2010-01-01

79

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of four East Africa Geologic Provinces  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Four geologic provinces along the east coast of Africa recently were assessed for undiscovered, technically recoverable oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids resources as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) World Oil and Gas Assessment. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS estimated mean volumes of 27.6 billion barrels of oil, 441.1 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 13.77 billion barrels of natural gas liquids.

Brownfield, Michael E.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, Timothy R.; Cook, Troy A.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.

2012-01-01

80

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Sud Province, north-central Africa  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Sud Province located in north-central Africa recently was assessed for undiscovered, technically recoverable oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids resources as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) World Oil and Gas Assessment. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS estimated mean volumes of 7.31 billion barrels of oil, 13.42 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 353 million barrels of natural gas liquids.

Brownfield, M. E.; Klett, T. R.; Schenk, C. J.; Charpentier, R. R.; Cook, T. A.; Pollastro, R. M.; Tennyson, M. E.

2011-01-01

81

Development of an Improved Methodology to Assess Potential Unconventional Gas Resources  

SciTech Connect

Considering the important role played today by unconventional gas resources in North America and their enormous potential for the future around the world, it is vital to both policy makers and industry that the volumes of these resources and the impact of technology on these resources be assessed. To provide for optimal decision making regarding energy policy, research funding, and resource development, it is necessary to reliably quantify the uncertainty in these resource assessments. Since the 1970s, studies to assess potential unconventional gas resources have been conducted by various private and governmental agencies, the most rigorous of which was by the United States Geological Survey (USGS). The USGS employed a cell-based, probabilistic methodology which used analytical equations to calculate distributions of the resources assessed. USGS assessments have generally produced distributions for potential unconventional gas resources that, in our judgment, are unrealistically narrow for what are essentially undiscovered, untested resources. In this article, we present an improved methodology to assess potential unconventional gas resources. Our methodology is a stochastic approach that includes Monte Carlo simulation and correlation between input variables. Application of the improved methodology to the Uinta-Piceance province of Utah and Colorado with USGS data validates the means and standard deviations of resource distributions produced by the USGS methodology, but reveals that these distributions are not right skewed, as expected for a natural resource. Our investigation indicates that the unrealistic shape and width of the gas resource distributions are caused by the use of narrow triangular input parameter distributions. The stochastic methodology proposed here is more versatile and robust than the USGS analytic methodology. Adoption of the methodology, along with a careful examination and revision of input distributions, should allow a more realistic assessment of the uncertainty surrounding potential unconventional gas resources.

Salazar, Jesus; McVay, Duane A., E-mail: mcvay@pe.tamu.edu; Lee, W. John [Texas A and M University, Department of Petroleum Engineering, 3116 TAMU (United States)

2010-12-15

82

Assessment of Undiscovered Natural Gas Resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California, 2006  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed a new assessment of undiscovered natural gas resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS mean estimates of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources are 534 billion cubic feet of natural gas and 323 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids in the Sacramento Basin Province. Additional undiscovered oil accumulations larger than 0.5 million barrels are considered unlikely.

Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

83

Natural Gas Hydrates: Recent Developments on this Potential Future Energy Resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas hydrates, potentially one of the most important energy resources for the future, are naturally occurring ice-like solids in which water molecules trap gas molecules in a cagelike structure known as a clathrate. Although many gases form hydrates, methane hydrate is by far the most common. Gas hydrates exist in huge quantities in marine sediments below the sea floor and

B. Pierce; T. Collett

2007-01-01

84

A Critical Evaluation of Iranian Natural Gas Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, the world energy focus is shifting towards natural gas for power and heat generation as a substitute for coal and oil. Approximately 60% of world natural gas reserves are mainly concentrated in Russia, Iran, and Qatar. Iran will play a main role in the supply of world natural gas demand, if its natural gas fields can be developed effectively.

R. E. Osgouei; M. Sorgun

2012-01-01

85

Report for the Period 1. July 1987 - 30. June 1988 from the Mineral Resources Administration in Greenland.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1979 Home Rule was introduced in Greenland. In the same year and in relation to the revision of the law on Greenland's mineral resources a Joint Council specializing in this subject was established. The establishment and administration of this Council ...

1988-01-01

86

Report for the Period 1 July 1988-30 June 1989 from the Mineral Resources Administration in Greenland.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1979 Home Rule was introduced in Greenland. In the same year and in relation to the revision of the law on Greenland's mineral resources a Joint Council specializing in this subject, was established. The establishment and administration of this Council...

1989-01-01

87

Natural Gas Hydrates: Recent Developments on this Potential Future Energy Resource  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gas hydrates, potentially one of the most important energy resources for the future, are naturally occurring ice-like solids in which water molecules trap gas molecules in a cagelike structure known as a clathrate. Although many gases form hydrates, methane hydrate is by far the most common. Gas hydrates exist in huge quantities in marine sediments below the sea floor and are found in association with permafrost in the Arctic. The volume of carbon contained in methane hydrates worldwide is estimated to be twice the amount contained in all other fossil fuels on Earth. The demand for natural gas throughout the world makes the immense volumes of methane hydrates worldwide an extremely attractive research target. However, the contribution of gas hydrate's role in meeting world energy needs will depend on the availability, producibility, and cost of extracting methane from the hydrate phase. The overall resource base and producibility of gas hydrates is still very much in question, in part because gas hydrates are not stable at normal sea-level pressures and temperatures. Despite the obstacles to the study and development of gas hydrate resources, it is important to remember that research break-throughs and technological developments have led to the utilization of resources once thought to be unavailable, such as coalbed gas. This presentation will hiqhlight some of the recent research, production tests, assessments, and critical studies, including work on the Alaska North Slope and the offshore of India, that may ultimately lead to facilitating gas hydrate's contribution to the world's energy mix.

Pierce, B.; Collett, T.

2007-05-01

88

Assessment of Gas Hydrate Resources on the North Slope, Alaska, 2008  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the 2008 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, the USGS will release the results of the first assessment of the undiscovered technically recoverable gas hydrate resources on the North Slope of Alaska. This assessment indicates the existence of technically recoverable gas hydrate resources -- that is, resources that can be discovered, developed, and produced by using current technology. The assessment is based on the geologic elements used to define a Total Petroleum System (TPS), including hydrocarbon source rocks (source-rock type and maturation and hydrocarbon generation and migration), reservoir rocks (sequence stratigraphy, petrophysical properties, seismic attribute development, and prospecting), and hydrocarbon traps (trap formation and timing). The area assessed in northern Alaska extends from the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska (NPRA) on the west through the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) on the east and from the Brooks Range northward to the State-Federal offshore boundary (located about 4.8 km north of the coastline). This area consists mostly of Federal, State, and Native lands covering about 114,765 square km. For the first time, the USGS has assessed gas hydrates, a traditionally unconventional resource with no confirmed production history, as a producible resource occurring in discrete hydrocarbon traps and structures. The approach used to assess the gas hydrate resources in northern Alaska followed standard geology-based USGS assessment methodologies developed to assess conventional oil and gas resources. In order to use the USGS conventional assessment approach on gas hydrate resources, it was documented through the analysis of three-dimensional industry-acquired seismic data that the gas hydrates on the North Slope occupy limited, discrete volumes of rock bounded by faults and downdip water contacts. The USGS conventional assessment approach also assumes that the hydrocarbon resource being assessed can be produced by existing conventional technology. The production potential of the known and seismically-inferred gas hydrate accumulations in northern Alaska has not been adequately field tested, but has been the focus of a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) research effort. Although verified by only limited field testing, numerical production models of gas hydrate-bearing reservoirs suggest that gas can be produced from gas hydrate with existing conventional technology. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS has estimated the total undiscovered technically recoverable natural gas resources in gas hydrates in northern Alaska. The results of this assessment will be released during the meeting.

Collett, T. S.

2008-12-01

89

Gas production from sanitary landfills as a potential energy resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid increase in the cost of energy has increased interest in the recovery and utilization of sanitary landfill gas at locations throughout the World. These solid waste disposal sites are considered untapped sources of methane gas. If methane is not recovered and utilized, it forms an explosive mixture with oxygen and causes environmental damages. The amount of recoverable gas

Alzuydi

1980-01-01

90

40 CFR 1.33 - Office of Administration and Resources Management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...analysis and systems development, information management and services, automated data...and safety. (e) Office of Information Resources Management. The Office of Information Resources Management (OIRM), under the...

2013-07-01

91

Assessment of undiscovered, conventional oil and gas resources of Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize, 2012  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated means of 19 billion barrels of oil and 83 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas resources in 10 geologic provinces of Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize.

Schenk, Christopher J.; Brownfield, Michael E; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pitman, Janet K.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Weaver, Jean N.

2012-01-01

92

Prison mental health services: results of a national survey of standards, resources, administrative structure, and litigation.  

PubMed

The formation of adequate mental health systems within prisons has accelerated as a result of successful class action lawsuits. Our recent national survey questioned all state correctional departments about the existence of standards in each system, compliance with such standards, prevalence of class action lawsuits involving the issue of providing adequate mental health services for inmates, issues related to consent decrees, available mental health resources within the correctional system, and the administrative structure of the mental health system. Our purpose was to identify those factors correlated with certified class action lawsuits involving issues related to mental health services. Twenty-one states were involved in such litigation. Only the presence of psychiatric hospitals operated by the department of corrections correlated with the presence of certified class action lawsuits involving mental health services. Prison systems larger than 15,000 inmates were at higher risk for such litigation. Smaller systems having psychiatric hospitals run by the state mental health agency appeared to be at less risk for such litigation. PMID:2329334

Metzner, J L; Fryer, G E; Usery, D

1990-03-01

93

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the West Siberian Basin Province, Russia, 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey, using a geology-based assessment methodology, estimated mean volumes of technically recoverable, conventional, undiscovered petroleum resources at 8 billion barrels of crude oil, 670 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 21 billion barrels of natural gas liquids for the West Siberian Basin Province in Russia as part of a program to estimate petroleum resources for priority basins throughout the world.

Klett, T. R.

2011-01-01

94

Landfill gas as an energy resource: past, present and indications for the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Landfill gas has proven to be a cost-effective, economic energy resource. To date utilization schemes have been recorded in 20 countries worldwide, producing a total resource of over 2 million tonnes of coal equivalent per annum (mtcepa). In the UK savings are currently estimated to be in the region of 120,000 tcepa. This paper discusses the trends which have resulted

P. S. Lawson

1989-01-01

95

QUANTIFYING LEASE STIPULATION IMPACTS ON FEDERAL OIL AND NATURAL GAS RESOURCE ACCESSIBILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis was completed that made innovative use of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act Inventory data base and model examined how changes in lease stipulation brought about by research could increase access to federal oil and natural gas resources in ten Rocky Mountain Basins. The analysis ranked classes of lease stipulations according to their potential impact on these resources

John R. Duda; David Alleman; H. William Hochheiser; Jeffrey F. Eppink; Ramon Alvarado

96

THE OIL AND GAS RESOURCES OF THE NONSOCIALIST COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors have made an estimate of global oil and gas potential, using methods applicable to such estimates in the USSR, and then have differentiated the resources on the basis of production costs. The geological resources of oil in foreign (excluding socialist) countries are estimated at approximately 1.2 trillion tons. Of this quantity, about 473 billion tons are technically extractable

M. S. Modelevskiy; G. S. Gurevich

1986-01-01

97

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Southwestern Wyoming Province, 2002  

SciTech Connect

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean 84.6 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas, a mean of 131 million barrels of undiscovered oil, and a mean of 2.6 billion barrels of undiscovered natural gas liquids in the Southwestern Wyoming Province. Coal bed methane resources are noted. 1 tab.

NONE

2002-11-15

98

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the North Sakhalin Basin Province, Russia, 2011  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated volumes of undiscovered, technically recoverable, conventional petroleum resources for the North Sakhalin Basin Province of Russia. The mean volumes were estimated at 5.3 billion barrels of crude oil, 43.8 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 0.8 billion barrels of natural gas liquids.

Klett, T. R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Wandrey, Craig J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Cook, Troy A.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.

2011-01-01

99

Female and Male Psychologists in Academic Administration: Resource Control and Perceived Influence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined male and female psychologists in academic administrative positions with regard to their perceptions of their own power and their actual power within the administrative hierarchies in which they work. In the past, researchers have compared women and men in academic administrative positions with regard to parity of numbers,…

Schenk, Jennifer

2010-01-01

100

Development of a Linked Perinatal Data Resource From State Administrative and Community-Based Program Data.  

PubMed

To demonstrate a generalizable approach for developing maternal-child health data resources using state administrative records and community-based program data. We used a probabilistic and deterministic linking strategy to join vital records, hospital discharge records, and home visiting data for a population-based cohort of at-risk, first time mothers enrolled in a regional home visiting program in Southwestern Ohio and Northern Kentucky from 2007 to 2010. Because data sources shared no universal identifier, common identifying elements were selected and evaluated for discriminating power. Vital records then served as a hub to which other records were linked. Variables were recoded into clinically significant categories and a cross-set of composite analytic variables was constructed. Finally, individual-level data were linked to corresponding area-level measures by census tract using the American Communities Survey. The final data set represented 2,330 maternal-infant pairs with both home visiting and vital records data. Of these, 56 pairs (2.4 %) did not link to either maternal or infant hospital discharge records. In a 10 % validation subset (n = 233), 100 % of the reviewed matches between home visiting data and vital records were true matches. Combining multiple data sources provided more comprehensive details of perinatal health service utilization and demographic, clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics than available from a single data source. Our approach offers a template for leveraging disparate sources of data to support a platform of research that evaluates the timeliness and reach of home visiting as well as its association with key maternal-child health outcomes. PMID:23420307

Hall, Eric S; Goyal, Neera K; Ammerman, Robert T; Miller, Megan M; Jones, David E; Short, Jodie A; Van Ginkel, Judith B

2013-02-19

101

Air quality analysis and related risk assessment for the Bonneville Power Administration's Resource Program Environmental Impact Statement  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is considering 12 different alternatives for acquiring energy resources over the next 20 years. Each of the alternatives utilizes a full range of energy resources (e.g., coal, cogeneration, conservation, and nuclear); however, individual alternatives place greater emphases on different types of power-producing resources and employ different timetables for implementing these resources. The environmental impacts that would result from the implementation of each alternative and the economic valuations of these impacts, will be an important consideration in the alternative selection process. In this report we discuss the methods used to estimate environmental impacts from the resource alternatives. We focus on pollutant emissions rates, ground-level air concentrations of basic criteria pollutants, the acidity of rain, particulate deposition, ozone concentrations, visibility attenuation, global warming, human health effects, agricultural and forest impacts, and wildlife impacts. For this study, pollutant emission rates are computed by processing BPA data on power production and associated pollutant emissions. The assessment of human health effects from ozone indicated little variation between the resource alternatives. Impacts on plants, crops, and wildlife populations from power plant emissions are projected to be minimal for all resource alternatives.

Glantz, C S; Burk, K W; Driver, C J; Liljegren, J C; Neitzel, D A; Schwartz, M N; Dana, M T; Laws, G L; Mahoney, L A; Rhoads, K

1992-04-01

102

40 CFR 1.33 - Office of Administration and Resources Management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Evaluation. (f) The Office of Human Resources Management. The Office of Human Resources Management (OHRM), under the supervision...EPA and State governments. For Senior Executive Service (SES) personnel, SES...

2010-07-01

103

40 CFR 1.33 - Office of Administration and Resources Management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Evaluation. (f) The Office of Human Resources Management. The Office of Human Resources Management (OHRM), under the supervision...EPA and State governments. For Senior Executive Service (SES) personnel, SES...

2009-07-01

104

Resource planning for gas utilities: Using a model to analyze pivotal issues  

SciTech Connect

With the advent of wellhead price decontrols that began in the late 1970s and the development of open access pipelines in the 1980s and 90s, gas local distribution companies (LDCs) now have increased responsibility for their gas supplies and face an increasingly complex array of supply and capacity choices. Heretofore this responsibility had been share with the interstate pipelines that provide bundled firm gas supplies. Moreover, gas supply an deliverability (capacity) options have multiplied as the pipeline network becomes increasing interconnected and as new storage projects are developed. There is now a fully-functioning financial market for commodity price hedging instruments and, on interstate Pipelines, secondary market (called capacity release) now exists. As a result of these changes in the natural gas industry, interest in resource planning and computer modeling tools for LDCs is increasing. Although in some ways the planning time horizon has become shorter for the gas LDC, the responsibility conferred to the LDC and complexity of the planning problem has increased. We examine current gas resource planning issues in the wake of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission`s (FERC) Order 636. Our goal is twofold: (1) to illustrate the types of resource planning methods and models used in the industry and (2) to illustrate some of the key tradeoffs among types of resources, reliability, and system costs. To assist us, we utilize a commercially-available dispatch and resource planning model and examine four types of resource planning problems: the evaluation of new storage resources, the evaluation of buyback contracts, the computation of avoided costs, and the optimal tradeoff between reliability and system costs. To make the illustration of methods meaningful yet tractable, we developed a prototype LDC and used it for the majority of our analysis.

Busch, J.F.; Comnes, G.A.

1995-11-01

105

Etiology of cecal and hepatic lesions in mice after administration of gas-carrier contrast agents used in ultrasound imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to investigate the etiology of cecal and hepatic lesions in mice and rats after intravenous administration of gas-carrier contrast agents (GCAs). A modified fluorescein flowmetry technique and 24 h necropsy were used in mice (conventional and germ free), rats, and guinea pigs after GCA administration. Different diets and oral nonabsorbable antibiotics were used. Nonfluorescence,

H. Rasmussen; H. A. A. M. Dirven; D. Grant; H. Johnsen; T. Midtvedt

2003-01-01

106

The oil and gas resource base of the Caspian region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Caspian Sea region's oil and gas potential has attracted the attention of the international oil and gas industry since the late 1980s and early 1990s with the breakup of the Soviet Union when investment in the region became possible. The nations in the Caspian Sea region—Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan—are already major energy producers. Production is expected

Igor Effimoff

2000-01-01

107

Preliminary assessment of the availability of U.S. natural gas resources to meet U.S. transportation energy demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have indicated that substitutes for conventional petroleum resources will be needed to meet U.S. transportation energy demand in the first half of this century. One possible substitute is natural gas which can be used as a transportation fuel directly in compressed natural gas or liquefied natural gas vehicles or as resource fuel for the production of hydrogen for

M. K. Singh; J. S. Moore

2002-01-01

108

Abundant Shale Gas Resources: Long-Term Implications for U.S. Natural Gas Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to recent assessments, the United States has considerably more recoverable natural gas in shale formations than was previously thought. Such a development raises expectations that U.S. energy consumption will shift toward natural gas. To examine how the apparent abundance of natural gas and projected growth of its use might affect natural gas prices, production, and consumption, we use NEMS-RFF

Stephen P. A. Brown; Alan Krupnick

2010-01-01

109

Partial US oil, gas resource volumes termed astonishing'  

SciTech Connect

Land and state waters of the US contain technically recoverable volumes of 112.6 billion bbl of oil and 1,073.8 tcf of conventional and unconventional gas, the US Geological Survey estimated. The oil figure is 44% higher than the USGS assessed in its last study, released in 1989. The assessed 715 tcf of technically recoverable conventional gas reserves, expected reserve growth, and undiscovered accumulations is nearly 42% higher than the 1989 assessment. Moreover, the USGS for the first time assessed a further 300 tcf of technically recoverable gas in continuous-type largely unconventional deposits in sandstones, shales, and chalks, and almost another 50 tcf in coal beds. USGS estimated that 60 billion bbl will be added to the oil reserves and 322 tcf to the oil reserves and 322 tcf to the gas reserves of existing fields by way of revisions, extensions, and new pool discoveries during the 80 years following 1991. The estimates assume use of existing technology, and ignore barriers to leasing of onshore federal lands. The paper describes the results more fully.

Petzet, G.A.

1995-03-06

110

Assessing Customer Satisfaction with a Master of Business Administration Program: Implications for Resource Allocation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many universities are faced with demands to upgrade MBA programs at the same time that available resources to do so are declining. The authors argue that information provided through assessments of customer (i.e., student) satisfaction with current program features should play an important role in resource allocation decisions. An exploratory study of primarily non-traditional MBA students was conducted to investigate

Gregory S. Martin; Jeffrey K. Bray

1997-01-01

111

Post-Implementation Success Factors for Enterprise Resource Planning Student Administration Systems in Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems can represent one of the largest investments of human and financial resources by a higher education institution. They also bring a significant process reengineering aspect to the institution and the associated implementation project through the integration of compiled industry best practices into the…

Sullivan, Linda; Bozeman, William

2010-01-01

112

43 CFR 3137.28 - What oil and gas resources of committed tracts does the unit agreement include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) OIL AND GAS LEASING: NATIONAL PETROLEUM RESERVE, ALASKA Unitization Agreements-National Petroleum...Reserve-Alaska Application § 3137.28 What oil and gas resources of committed tracts does...

2009-10-01

113

43 CFR 3137.28 - What oil and gas resources of committed tracts does the unit agreement include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) OIL AND GAS LEASING: NATIONAL PETROLEUM RESERVE, ALASKA Unitization Agreements-National Petroleum...Reserve-Alaska Application § 3137.28 What oil and gas resources of committed tracts does...

2010-10-01

114

Wide-Area Energy Storage and Management system to Balance Intermittent Resources in the Bonneville Power Administration and California ISO Control Areas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The entire project addresses the issue of mitigating additional intermittency and fast ramps that occur at higher penetration of intermittent resources, including wind generation, in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the California Independent...

B. Yang C. H. Miller J. G. DeSteese S. Lu Y. V. Makarov

2008-01-01

115

76 FR 26291 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative “Cost Recovery” Settlement; the Doe Run Resources Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY...Administrative ``Cost Recovery'' Settlement...Corporation AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation...recovery of past response costs concerning the...

2011-05-06

116

78 FR 14303 - Statement of Delegation of Authority; Health Resources and Services Administration and Centers...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the authority vested in the Secretary of the Department...Section 399BB, titled ``Autism, Education, Early Detection...the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), as appropriate, in implementing this authority. In addition, nothing...

2013-03-05

117

Gas hydrate stability in the Gulf of Mexico: Significance to resource estimation, geohazards, and global change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Models of gas hydrate stability for the northern Gulf of Mexico continental slope address basic problems of gas hydrate geology. The maximum thickness of the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ) at key gas hydrate study sites is estimated, and a generalized GHSZ profile across part of the central Gulf of Mexico slope is constructed. The thickness of the GHSZ increases with increasing water depth and may reach >1 km at deepest gas hydrate sites. Resource estimation is based on assessment of the volume of the GHSZ and concentration in sediments. The total estimate of gas hydrate resource in the Gulf of Mexico (10--14 x 1012 m3) is two orders of magnitude less than previously estimated. However, structurally-controlled accumulations of gas hydrate on the rims of salt withdrawal basins could be economic in the future. Bacterial gas hydrates in salt withdrawal basins are unlikely to represent a significant energy resource because they are disseminated. The modeled minimum water depths at which gas hydrates crystallize at present in the Gulf of Mexico is 330--615 m, depending on the source gas composition. Bottom water temperature variations from seasonal changes and warm Loop Current eddies could affect seafloor gas hydrate stability only in the upper 1--2 m of sediments. A thin but extensive hydrate geohazard zone is hypothesized on the upper Gulf slope in 440--720 m water depth. Petroleum exploitation may be impacted in this zone by sediment deformation from repetitive cycles of gas hydrate formation and dissociation. It has been suggested that release of methane from sudden decomposition of gas hydrates could cause geologically rapid global change. The potential effect of a 100 meter sea level drop on gas hydrate stability across the slope is not significant. Larger volumes of methane and other greenhouse gases could be released in response to an increase in seafloor water temperature of 4°C. However, several processes keep the released gas in sediments. More complicated models are needed to estimate the amount of hydrate-released gas that escapes to the ocean and participates in global change.

Milkov, Alexei Vasilievich

2001-07-01

118

Future Oil and Gas Resources of the World: A Coming Supply Crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is the world running out of oil? Where will future oil and gas supplies come from? To help answer these questions, the U.S. Geological Survey completed in 2000 a new assessment of the undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources and potential additions to reserves from field growth. One hundred and twenty-eight provinces were assessed in a 100 man-year effort from

T. S. Ahlbrandt

2002-01-01

119

Federal Aviation Administration Fiscal Year 2011 Business Plan: Human Resources Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Human Resource Management (AHR) supports and advises on the management of FAA's people. AHR's vision is to become a dynamic, streamlined, entrepreneurial enterprise that is our customers' first choice and a model for others. While responsibl...

2011-01-01

120

Federal Aviation Administration Fiscal Year 2010 Business Plan: Human Resource Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Human Resource Management (AHR) supports and advises on the management of FAA's people. AHR's vision is to become a dynamic, streamlined, entrepreneurial enterprise that is our customers' first choice and a model for others. While responsibl...

2009-01-01

121

Resource appraisal of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the William O. Douglas Arctic Wildlife Range  

SciTech Connect

The William O. Douglas Arctic Wildlife Range (WODAWR) covers about 9 million acres in the northeastern corner of Alaska. Questions regarding the future status of the Range, in particular, whether to allow mineral exploration and development, are the subject of much debate and the topic of legislation presently before Congress. The purpose of this report is to present details of the assessment of undiscovered in-place petroleum resources in the Wildlife Range. The play method, used in this study, was also used in the appraisal of the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska (NPRA) and is the only assessment method amenable to the economic analysis used in the NPRA 105(b) study (U.S. Dept. of the Interior, 1979). This report presents the regional geologic setting of the Wildlife Range, the definition and petroleum geology of each play, play input parameters, a description of the play method, discussion of methodological problems, and computer results of the assessment. Comparison of the results of the play appraisals of the Wildlife Range with NPRA, together with a comparison of the size of the two areas, shows the Wildlife Range to have a larger probable potential resource per square mile than that of NPRA. The estimated oil per square mile in the Wildlife Range may be nearly 8 times that in NPRA when the average values are compared, and almost 6 times that in NPRA when the 50th fractiles are compared. The plays in Tertiary rocks, which are absent in NPRA and may contain most of the estimated resource in the Wildlife Range, are the main source of these differences in resource assessments.

Mast, R.F.; McMullin, R.H.; Bird, K.J.; Brosge, W.P.

1980-07-01

122

Oil and gas resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan)  

SciTech Connect

This analysis is part of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA`s) Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP). This one for the Fergana Basin is an EIA first for republics of the former Soviet Union (FSU). This was a trial study of data availability and methodology, resulting in a reservoir-level assessment of ultimate recovery for both oil and gas. Ultimate recovery, as used here, is the sum of cumulative production and remaining Proved plus Probable reserves as of the end of 1987. Reasonable results were obtained when aggregating reservoir-level values to the basin level, and in determining general but important distributions of across-basin reservoir and fluid parameters. Currently, this report represents the most comprehensive assessment publicly available for oil and gas in the Fergana Basin. This full report provides additional descriptions, discussions and analysis illustrations that are beneficial to those considering oil and gas investments in the Fergana Basin. 57 refs., 22 figs., 6 tabs.

Not Available

1995-01-01

123

Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument Resource Management Plan: Oil and Gas Leases. Scoping Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The BLM is including an analysis of 12 existing natural gas leases in the ongoing Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument Resource Management Plan (RMP). The analysis of these leases will be part of the comprehensive plan for the Monument scheduled ...

2005-01-01

124

Assessment of undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources of North Africa, 2012  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated means of 19 billion barrels of technically recoverable undiscovered conventional oil and 370 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered conventional natural gas resources in 8 geologic provinces of North Africa.

Schenk, Christopher J.; Klett, Timothy R.; Whidden, Katherine J.; Kirschbaum, Mark A.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.

2013-01-01

125

Guiding Principles of USGS Methodology for Assessment of Undiscovered Conventional Oil and Gas Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last 30 years, the methodology for assessment of undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources used by the Geological Survey has undergone considerable change. This evolution has been based on five major principles. First, the U.S. Geological Survey has responsibility for a wide range of U.S. and world assessments and requires a robust methodology suitable for immaturely explored as

Ronald R. Charpentier; T. R. Klett

2005-01-01

126

Resource Assessment of the In-Place and Potentially Recoverable Deep Natural Gas Resource of the Onshore Interior Salt Basins, North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the study are: to perform resource assessment of the in-place deep (>15,000 ft) natural gas resource of the onshore interior salt basins of the North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas through petroleum system identification, characterization and modeling and to use the petroleum system based resource assessment to estimate the volume of the in-place deep gas resource that is potentially recoverable and to identify those areas in the interior salt basins with high potential to recover commercial quantities of the deep gas resource. The principal research effort for Year 1 of the project is data compilation and petroleum system identification. The research focus for the first nine (9) months of Year 1 is on data compilation and for the remainder of the year the emphasis is on petroleum system identification.

Ernest A. Mancini; Donald A. Goddard

2004-10-28

127

Occupational Safety and Health Program Guidelines for Colleges and Universities. An Administrative Resource Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as an aid for establishing and strengthening occupational safety and health programs on college and university campuses, this administrator guide is divided into four chapters. The first chapter defines and gives background information on the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). In addition, it presents a discussion of what the OSHA…

Godbey, Frank W.; Hatch, Loren L.

128

Student Discipline Methods and Resources Used by Indiana Secondary School Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of Indiana secondary school administrators indicated that the most effective reactive discipline methods were alternative schools, suspensions, and Saturday schools. The least effective was detention. The number one problem was student tardiness. Larger schools had more students involved with gang activity, drug use, and vandalism. The…

Killion, Rocky

1998-01-01

129

An evaluation of the property tax in Tanzania : An untapped fiscal resource or administrative headache?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to investigate the potential role of property taxes as a revenue source for local government in Tanzania. Often this tax is beset with political and administrative problems that affect its operational efficiencies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research is the result of extensive fieldwork undertaken in Tanzania during 2002 to investigate and evaluate the valuations done for

William James McCluskey; Riel Franzsen

2005-01-01

130

Occupational Safety and Health Program Guidelines for Colleges and Universities. An Administrative Resource Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as an aid for establishing and strengthening occupational safety and health programs on college and university campuses, this administrator guide is divided into four chapters. The first chapter defines and gives background information on the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). In addition, it presents a discussion of what the…

Godbey, Frank W.; Hatch, Loren L.

131

RESOURCE CHARACTERIZATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF NATURAL GAS-HYDRATE AND ASSOCIATED FREE-GAS ACCUMULATIONS IN THE PRUDHOE BAY - KUPARUK RIVER AREA ON THE NORTH SLOPE OF ALASKA  

SciTech Connect

Interim results are presented from the project designed to characterize, quantify, and determine the commercial feasibility of Alaska North Slope (ANS) gas-hydrate and associated free-gas resources in the Prudhoe Bay Unit (PBU), Kuparuk River Unit (KRU), and Milne Point Unit (MPU) areas. This collaborative research will provide practical input to reservoir and economic models, determine the technical feasibility of gas hydrate production, and influence future exploration and field extension of this potential ANS resource. The large magnitude of unconventional in-place gas (40-100 TCF) and conventional ANS gas commercialization evaluation creates industry-DOE alignment to assess this potential resource. This region uniquely combines known gas hydrate presence and existing production infrastructure. Many technical, economical, environmental, and safety issues require resolution before enabling gas hydrate commercial production. Gas hydrate energy resource potential has been studied for nearly three decades. However, this knowledge has not been applied to practical ANS gas hydrate resource development. ANS gas hydrate and associated free gas reservoirs are being studied to determine reservoir extent, stratigraphy, structure, continuity, quality, variability, and geophysical and petrophysical property distribution. Phase 1 will characterize reservoirs, lead to recoverable reserve and commercial potential estimates, and define procedures for gas hydrate drilling, data acquisition, completion, and production. Phases 2 and 3 will integrate well, core, log, and long-term production test data from additional wells, if justified by results from prior phases. The project could lead to future ANS gas hydrate pilot development. This project will help solve technical and economic issues to enable government and industry to make informed decisions regarding future commercialization of unconventional gas-hydrate resources.

Robert Hunter; Shirish Patil; Robert Casavant; Tim Collett

2003-06-02

132

Natural gas hydrates of Circum-Pacific margin-a future energy resource  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas hydrates are probably present within the uppermost 1100 m (3600 ft) of oceanic sediment in the following regions of outer continental margins rimming the Pacific Ocean basin: (1) the continental slope east of the North Island of New Zealand; (2) the landward slope of the Nankai Trough off Japan; (3) the continental slope of the northwestern and eastern Aleutian Trench; (4) the continental slope off northern California; (5) the landward slope of the Middle America Trench off Central America; (6) the landward slope of the Peru-Chile Trench; and (7) the basinal sediment of the Ross Sea and the continental margin off Wilkes Land, Antarctica. These gas hydrates likely contain and cap significant quantities of methane. Geophysical evidence for gas hydrates is found mainly in the widespread occurrence on marine seismic records of an anomalous reflection event that apparently marks the base of the gas-hydrate zone. Geochemical evidence consists of analyses of gases and interstitial fluids obtained from drilling in offshore sedimentary deposits, particularly at nine DSDP sites cored adjacent to the Middle America Trench where gas hydrates were recovered. Natural gas hydrates will probably be identified in many other Circum-Pacific regions as exploration for offshore petroleum moves into deeper waters over continental and island-arc slopes. Initially, these gas hydrates will probably not be considered as potential energy resources, but special drilling procedures may be needed to penetrate them safely. However, if appropriate reservoirs are found in association with the gas hydrates, then an important energy resource may be discovered.

Kvenvolden, K.A.; Cooper, A.K.

1986-07-01

133

US Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves Annual Report 1996: Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The EIA has published "the estimates of proved reserves of crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids in the United States as of December 31, 1996, compiled from EIA's oil and gas operator survey." The report shows that while reserves of natural gas have increased, crude oil reserves have declined.

134

Petroleum resource assessment of the Pacific federal offshore region - a status report on the national assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources  

SciTech Connect

A quanititative assessment of the amount of undiscovered oil and gas within the federal offshore areas seaward of California, Oregon, and Washington (Pacific Outer Continental Shelf or OCS) has been performed for the Department of the Interior`s National Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources project. Geological and petroleum engineering data from proven fields and undrilled prospects in the region have been analyzed by a team of Minerals Management Service (MMS) geoscientists in order to estimate the volume of undiscovered recoverable conventional oil and gas within 54 petroleum plays in six assessment provinces: Pacific Northwest, Central California, Santa Barbara-Ventura Basin, Los Angeles Basin, Inner Borderland, and Outer Borderland. The resource assessment procedure involves development of probability distributions for pool size, number of pools, and hydrocarbon yield (recovery) for each play. Input distributions have been sampled with the MMS computer program GRASP (Geological Resource ASsessment Program), a modified version of the Geological Survey of Canada`s PETRIMES program, to compute a probability distribution of the resources in each play. Play-specific resource estimates have been aggregated to basin, province, and regional levels, and the regional estimate has been aggregated with other regional OCS estimates to produce an estimate of the total resources in the United States OCS. Further analysis to estimate the location and amount of undiscovered oil and gas resources that may be commercially recoverable, under various economic scenarios, will be completed in mid-1995. Formal reports of the assessment results will be presented in late 1995.

Dunkel, C.A. [Minerals Management Service, Camarillo, CA (United States)

1995-04-01

135

Worldwide estimates of deep natural gas resources based on the U.S. Geological Survey World Petroleum Assessment 2000  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey recently assessed undiscovered conventional gas and oil resources in eight regions of the world outside the U.S. The resources assessed were those estimated to have the potential to be added to reserves within the next thirty years. This study is a worldwide analysis of the estimated volumes and distribution of deep (>4.5 km or about 15,000 ft), undiscovered conventional natural gas resources based on this assessment. Two hundred forty-six assessment units in 128 priority geologic provinces, 96 countries, and two jointly held areas were assessed using a probabilistic Total Petroleum System approach. Priority geologic provinces were selected from a ranking of 937 provinces worldwide. The U.S. Geological Survey World Petroleum Assessment Team did not assess undiscovered petroleum resources in the U.S. For this report, mean estimated volumes of deep conventional undiscovered gas resources in the U.S. are taken from estimates of 101 deep plays (out of a total of 550 conventional plays in the U.S.) from the U.S. Geological Survey's 1995 National Assessment of Oil and Gas Resources. A probabilistic method was designed to subdivide gas resources into depth slices using a median-based triangular probability distribution as a model for drilling depth to estimate the percentages of estimated gas resources below various depths. For both the World Petroleum Assessment 2000 and the 1995 National Assessment of Oil and Gas Resources, minimum, median, and maximum depths were assigned to each assessment unit and play; these depths were used in our analysis. Two-hundred seventy-four deep assessment units and plays in 124 petroleum provinces were identified for the U.S. and the world. These assessment units and plays contain a mean undiscovered conventional gas resource of 844 trillion cubic ft (Tcf) occuring at depths below 4.5 km. The deep undiscovered conventional gas resource (844 Tcf) is about 17% of the total world gas resource (4,928 Tcf) based on the provinces assessed and includes a mean estimate of 259 Tcf of U.S. gas from the U.S. 1995 National Assessment. Of the eight regions, the Former Soviet Union (Region 1) contains the largest estimated volume of undiscovered deep gas with a mean resource of 343 Tcf. ?? 2002 International Association for Mathematical Geology.

Dyman, T. S.; Crovelli, R. A.; Bartberger, C. E.; Takahashi, K. I.

2002-01-01

136

Annual committee reports on significant legislative, judicial and administrative developments in 1983: Water-Resources Committee  

SciTech Connect

No major action on water resources was taken by the 98th Congress, although it did make water-related appropriations which will influence the future direction of water policy. Both western and eastern state legislatures passed laws involving federal nonreserved water rights, and other issues. Lawsuits in the western states addressed the finality of water decrees, deference to state law, adjudication of Indian water rights, equitable apportionment, interstate compacts, public trust, and strict liability. Eastern courts dealt with public trust involving tidelands and with interstate compacts. Amendments and final rules and guidelines were issued by the Environmental Protection Agency. 145 references.

Not Available

1984-01-01

137

Gas-turbine-topped hybrid power plants for the utilization of geopressured geothermal resources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents an analysis of the performance and economics of a novel hybrid energy conversion system that would efficiently utilize the methane, hydraulic and thermal energy produced by geopressured-geothermal resources. The novel system comprises a methane-fueled gas turbine whose waste heat is used to superheat the vapor generated from the geopressured brine in an otherwise-conventional double-flash power plant. The analysis indicates that, compared to a conventional double-flash system, the hybrid system can generate nearly 44 percent more work from the thermal energy of the brine, in addition to the outputs of the gas and hydraulic turbines. Conservative preliminary economic estimates indicate that the unit installed cost of the hybrid plant would be about 25 percent lower than that of a conventional system constructed at the same geopressured resource site.

Khalifa, H. E.

1981-01-01

138

Emerging energy security issues: Natural gas in the Gulf Nations, An overview of Middle East resources, export potentials, and markets. Report Series No. 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proceeds with a presentation of the natural gas resource base of the Gulf nations of the Middle East. The resource base is put in the context of the world natural gas resource and trade flows. This is followed by a discussion of the existing and planned project to move Gulf natural gas to consuming regions. Then a discussion

R. D. Ripple; R. E. Hagen

1995-01-01

139

Landfill gas: resource evaluation and development. Final report, August-July, 1985  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study developed a document that will assist utilities, municipalities, and other interested parties in evaluating the potential for using landfill-gas (LFG) resources. The LFG workbook describes the state-of-the-art methodology for energy recovery from landfill sites, and the techniques used to evaluate the feasibility of a potential project. The document provides the reader with background in a number of areas.

R. E. Zimmerman; J. J. Walsh; M. Wilkey

1985-01-01

140

Gas-turbine-topped hybrid power plants for the utilization of geopressured geothermal resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents an analysis of the performance and economics of a novel hybrid energy conversion system that would efficiently utilize the methane, hydraulic and thermal energy produced by geopressured-geothermal resources. The novel system comprises a methane-fueled gas turbine whose waste heat is used to superheat the vapor generated from the geopressured brine in an otherwise-conventional double-flash power plant. The

H. E. Khalifa

1981-01-01

141

RESOURCE ASSESSMENT OF THE IN-PLACE AND POTENTIALLY RECOVERABLE DEEP NATURAL GAS RESOURCE OF THE ONSHORE INTERIOR SALT BASINS, NORTH CENTRAL AND NORTHEASTERN GULF OF MEXICO  

SciTech Connect

The University of Alabama and Louisiana State University have undertaken a cooperative 3-year, advanced subsurface methodology resource assessment project, involving petroleum system identification, characterization and modeling, to facilitate exploration for a potential major source of natural gas that is deeply buried (below 15,000 feet) in the onshore interior salt basins of the North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas. The project is designed to assist in the formulation of advanced exploration strategies for funding and maximizing the recovery from deep natural gas domestic resources at reduced costs and risks and with minimum impact. The results of the project should serve to enhance exploration efforts by domestic companies in their search for new petroleum resources, especially those deeply buried (below 15,000 feet) natural gas resources, and should support the domestic industry's endeavor to provide an increase in reliable and affordable supplies of fossil fuels. The principal research effort for Year 1 of the project is data compilation and petroleum system identification. The research focus for the first nine (9) months of Year 1 is on data compilation and for the remainder of the year the emphasis is on petroleum system identification. The objectives of the study are: to perform resource assessment of the in-place deep (>15,000 ft) natural gas resource of the onshore interior salt basins of the North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas through petroleum system identification, characterization and modeling and to use the petroleum system based resource assessment to estimate the volume of the in-place deep gas resource that is potentially recoverable and to identify those areas in the interior salt basins with high potential to recover commercial quantities of the deep gas resource. The project objectives will be achieved through a 3-year effort. First, emphasis is on petroleum system identification and characterization in the North Louisiana Salt Basin, the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, the Manila Sub-basin and the Conecuh Sub-basin of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida panhandle. This task includes identification of the petroleum systems in these basins and the characterization of the overburden, source, reservoir and seal rocks of the petroleum systems and of the associated petroleum traps. Second, emphasis is on petroleum system modeling. This task includes the assessment of the timing of deep (>15,000 ft) gas generation, expulsion, migration, entrapment and alteration (thermal cracking of oil to gas). Third, emphasis is on resource assessment. This task includes the volumetric calculation of the total in-place hydrocarbon resource generated, the determination of the volume of the generated hydrocarbon resource that is classified as deep (>15,000 ft) gas, the estimation of the volume of deep gas that was expelled, migrated and entrapped, and the calculation of the potential volume of gas in deeply buried (>15,000 ft) reservoirs resulting from the process of thermal cracking of liquid hydrocarbons and their transformation to gas in the reservoir. Fourth, emphasis is on identifying those areas in the onshore interior salt basins with high potential to recover commercial quantities of the deep gas resource.

Ernest A. Mancini

2004-04-16

142

Natural gas cost for evaluating energy resource opportunities at Fort Stewart  

SciTech Connect

Ft. Stewart, a United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) installation located near Hinesville, Georgia, is currently undergoing an evaluation of its energy usage, which is being performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory. In order to examine the energy resource opportunities (EROs) at Ft. Stewart, marginal fuel costs must be calculated. The marginal, or avoided, cost of gas service is used in conjunction with the estimated energy savings of an ERO to calculate the dollar value of those savings. In the case of natural gas, the costing becomes more complicated due to the installation of a propane-air mixing station. The propane-air station is being built under a shared energy savings (SES) contract. The building of a propane-air station allows Ft. Stewart to purchase natural gas from their local utility at an interruptible rate, which is lower than the rate for contracting natural gas on a firm basis. The propane-air station will also provide Ft. Stewart with fuel in the event that the natural gas supply is curtailed. While the propane-air station does not affect the actual cost of natural gas, it does affect the cost of services provided by gas. Because the propane-air station and the SES contract affect the cost of gas service, they must be included in the analysis. Our analysis indicates a marginal cost of gas service of 30.0 cents per therm, assuming a total propane usage by the mixing station of 42,278 gallons (38,600 therms) annually. Because the amount of propane that may be required in the event of a curtailment is small relative to the total service requirement, variations in the actual amount should not significantly affect the cost per therm.

Stucky, D.J.; Shankle, S.A.

1993-01-01

143

Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the West Greenland-East Canada Province, 2008  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently assessed the undiscovered oil and gas potential of the West Greenland?East Canada Province as part of the USGS Circum-Arctic Oil and Gas Resource Appraisal effort. The West Greenland?East Canada Province is essentially the offshore area between west Greenland and east Canada and includes Baffin Bay, Davis Strait, Lancaster Sound, and Nares Strait west of and including Kane Basin. The tectonic evolution of the West Greenland?East Canada Province led to the formation of several major structural domains that are the geologic basis for the five assessment units (AU) defined in this study. The five AUs encompass the entire province. Each AU was assessed in its entirety for undiscovered, technically recoverable (assuming absence of sea ice) oil and gas resources, but the assessment results reported here are only for those portions of each AU that are north of the Arctic Circle, as that latitude defines the area of the Circum-Arctic oil and gas assessment.

Schenk, Christopher J.; Bird, Kenneth J.; Brown, Philip J., II; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Gautier, Donald L.; Houseknecht, David W.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pawlewicz, Mark J.; Shah, Anjana; Tennyson, Marilyn E.

2008-01-01

144

Influence of reservoir heterogeneity on gas resource potential for geologically based infill drilling, Brooks and I-92 reservoirs, Frio Formation, south Texas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas resource potential for strategic infill drilling or recompletion in a reservoir can be calculated by subtracting gas volumes derived using the material balance (pressure decline) method from volumes derived using a volumetric method. This resource potential represents remaining gas that is not in communication with existing wells. Frio reservoirs in mature, nonassociated gas plays located downdip from the Vicksburg

M. L. W. Jackson; W. A. Ambrose

1989-01-01

145

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Azov-Kuban Basin Province, Ukraine and Russia, 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey, using a geology-based assessment methodology, estimated mean volumes of technically recoverable, conventional, undiscovered petroleum resources at 218 million barrels of crude oil, 4.1 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 94 million barrels of natural gas liquids for the Azov-Kuban Basin Province as part of a program to estimate petroleum resources for priority basins throughout the world.

Klett, T. R.

2011-01-01

146

Gas hydrates as a potential energy resource - a review of their methane content  

SciTech Connect

Gas-hydrate deposits are found in sediments less than 2,000 m deep in high-latitude regions associated with permafrost, and beneath the ocean in outer continental margins. Because gas hydrates are globally widespread and contain methane within the solid hydrate structure of water, the potential amount of hydrate-methane present worldwide is very large. World estimates of the methane content of gas hydrates range from 5x10[sup 2] to 1.2x10[sup 6] trillion cubic feet (Tcf) (1.4x10[sup 13] to 3.4x10[sup 16] m[sup 3]) for permafrost regions and from 1.1x10[sup 5] to 2.7x10[sup 8] Tcf (3.1x10[sup 15] to 7.6x10[sup 18] m[sup 3]) for deep oceanic sediments. These estimates are speculative and uncertain. Nevertheless, at the present time there is a convergence of ideas regarding the size of this potential worldwide resource, placing it at about 7x10[sup 5] Tcf (2x10[sup 16] m[sup 3]) of methane. If this number is approximately correct, there is about twice as much carbon in gas hydrates as is present in all known fossil-fuel deposits. Such large deposits of methane make gas hydrates attractive as a potential energy resource for the future. Uncertainties about mode of occurrence and the lack of applicable production techniques, however, auger that wide-scale exploitation, if proven feasible, will not take place until sometime in the 21st century. 30 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Kvenvolden, K.A. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States))

1993-01-01

147

A Review of the NAS Manpower Studies Subcontracted by the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Health Care Resources in the Veterans Administration. Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The two volume study was performed by the Human Resources Management, Inc., for the Veterans Administration. The nature of this two volume study is to review and analyze the feasibiity, costs, and expected time frame for implementation of four sub-studies...

1977-01-01

148

Synthesis of Research and Resources to Support at-Risk Youth. Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Youth Demonstration Development Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a synthesis of research and existing Administration for Children and Families (ACF) resources for serving at-risk youth. It describes what we know from research about at-risk youth. It then describes how at-risk youth are currently be...

A. Gothro A. Sworsky A. E. Manning C. Herrera D. Korom-Djakovic H. Koball J. Lansing M. Bardos M. Stagner R. Dion

2011-01-01

149

Improving the Energy Balance of the Astrakhan Gas Processing Plant by Utilizing the Heat of the Secondary Energy Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas Processing Plants (GPP) are major consumers of electric and heat energy used in various technological operations involved in natural gas processing. A survey of the process units of several GPPs carried out by the VNIIGAS has revealed that the plants have a substantial amount of secondary energy resources (SER) at their disposal. These are steam condensate past the reboilers,

R. A. Vasil'ev; N. N. Kislenko; V. M. Berdnikov; D. L. Slavutskii; I. Ya. Sukhomlinov; A. E. Popov

2002-01-01

150

Fort Lewis natural gas and fuel oil energy baseline and efficiency resource assessment  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) is to lead the improvement of energy efficiency and fuel flexibility within the federal sector. Through the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), FEMP is developing a fuel-neutral approach for identifying, evaluating, and acquiring all cost-effective energy projects at federal installations; this procedure is entitled the Federal Energy Decision Screening (FEDS) system. Through a cooperative program between FEMP and the Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) for providing technical assistance to FORSCOM installations, PNL has been working with the Fort Lewis Army installation to develop the FEDS procedure. The natural gas and fuel oil assessment contained in this report was preceded with an assessment of electric energy usage that was used to implement a cofunded program between Fort Lewis and Tacoma Public Utilities to improve the efficiency of the Fort`s electric-energy-using systems. This report extends the assessment procedure to the systems using natural gas and fuel oil to provide a baseline of consumption and an estimate of the energy-efficiency potential that exists for these two fuel types at Fort Lewis. The baseline is essential to segment the end uses that are targets for broad-based efficiency improvement programs. The estimated fossil-fuel efficiency resources are estimates of the available quantities of conservation for natural gas, fuel oils {number_sign}2 and {number_sign}6, and fuel-switching opportunities by level of cost-effectiveness. The intent of the baseline and efficiency resource estimates is to identify the major efficiency resource opportunities and not to identify all possible opportunities; however, areas of additional opportunity are noted to encourage further effort.

Brodrick, J.R. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Daellenbach, K.K.; Parker, G.B.; Richman, E.E.; Secrest, T.J.; Shankle, S.A. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-02-01

151

Fort Lewis natural gas and fuel oil energy baseline and efficiency resource assessment  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) is to lead the improvement of energy efficiency and fuel flexibility within the federal sector. Through the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), FEMP is developing a fuel-neutral approach for identifying, evaluating, and acquiring all cost-effective energy projects at federal installations; this procedure is entitled the Federal Energy Decision Screening (FEDS) system. Through a cooperative program between FEMP and the Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) for providing technical assistance to FORSCOM installations, PNL has been working with the Fort Lewis Army installation to develop the FEDS procedure. The natural gas and fuel oil assessment contained in this report was preceded with an assessment of electric energy usage that was used to implement a cofunded program between Fort Lewis and Tacoma Public Utilities to improve the efficiency of the Fort's electric-energy-using systems. This report extends the assessment procedure to the systems using natural gas and fuel oil to provide a baseline of consumption and an estimate of the energy-efficiency potential that exists for these two fuel types at Fort Lewis. The baseline is essential to segment the end uses that are targets for broad-based efficiency improvement programs. The estimated fossil-fuel efficiency resources are estimates of the available quantities of conservation for natural gas, fuel oils [number sign]2 and [number sign]6, and fuel-switching opportunities by level of cost-effectiveness. The intent of the baseline and efficiency resource estimates is to identify the major efficiency resource opportunities and not to identify all possible opportunities; however, areas of additional opportunity are noted to encourage further effort.

Brodrick, J.R. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)); Daellenbach, K.K.; Parker, G.B.; Richman, E.E.; Secrest, T.J.; Shankle, S.A. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

1993-02-01

152

Forecasting the need for physicians in the United States: the Health Resources and Services Administration's physician requirements model.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The Health Resources and Services Administration's Bureau of Health Professions developed a demographic utilization-based model of physician specialty requirements to explore the consequences of a broad range of scenarios pertaining to the nation's health care delivery system on need for physicians. DATA SOURCE/STUDY SETTING: The model uses selected data primarily from the National Center for Health Statistics, the American Medical Association, and the U.S. Bureau of Census. Forecasts are national estimates. STUDY DESIGN: Current (1989) utilization rates for ambulatory and inpatient medical specialty services were obtained for the population according to age, gender, race/ethnicity, and insurance status. These rates are used to estimate specialty-specific total service utilization expressed in patient care minutes for future populations and converted to physician requirements by applying per-physician productivity estimates. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: Secondary data were analyzed and put into matrixes for use in the mainframe computer-based model. Several missing data points, e.g., for HMO-enrolled populations, were extrapolated from available data by the project's contractor. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The authors contend that the Bureau's demographic utilization model represents improvements over other data-driven methodologies that rely on staffing ratios and similar supply-determined bases for estimating requirements. The model's distinct utility rests in offering national-level physician specialty requirements forecasts. Images Figure 1

Greenberg, L; Cultice, J M

1997-01-01

153

Estimates of undiscovered recoverable resources of conventionally producible oil and gas in the United States: a summary  

SciTech Connect

In 1975 the US Geological Survey published estimates of the undiscovered recoverable oil and gas resources of the United States (Miller and others, 1975). These estimates were a produce of the geologic knowledge of US petroleum provinces and of methods of resource appraisal at that time. A new appraisal was made in 1980 to incorporate new geologic information, new technology, economic changes, and new or refined methods of resource appraisal. This brief open-fiel report represents the final resource estimates but does not include detailed discussions of geology and methodology.

Dolton, G.L.; Carlson, K.H.; Charpentier, R.R.

1981-01-01

154

Geologic Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the West Greenland-East Canada Province  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently assessed the potential for undiscovered oil and gas resources of the West Greenland-East Canada Province as part of the USGS Circum-Arctic Resource Appraisal program. The province lies in the offshore area between western Greenland and eastern Canada and includes Baffin Bay, Davis Strait, Lancaster Sound, and Nares Strait west of and including part of Kane Basin. A series of major tectonic events led to the formation of several distinct structural domains that are the geologic basis for defining five assessment units (AU) in the province, all of which are within the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Composite Total Petroleum System (TPS). Potential petroleum source rocks within the TPS include strata of Ordovician, Early and Late Cretaceous, and Paleogene ages. The five AUs defined for this study-the Eurekan Structures AU, Northwest Greenland Rifted Margin AU, Northeast Canada Rifted Margin AU, Baffin Bay Basin AU, and the Greater Ungava Fault Zone AU-encompass the entire province and were assessed for undiscovered, technically recoverable resources.

Schenk, Christopher J.

2010-01-01

155

Coalbed methane, Cook Inlet, south-central Alaska: A potential giant gas resource  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Cook Inlet Basin of south-central Alaska is a forearc basin containing voluminous Tertiary coal deposits with sufficient methane content to suggest a major coalbed gas resource. Coals ranging in thickness from 2 to 50 ft (0.6 to 15 m) and in gas content from 50 to 250 scf/ton (1.6 to 7.8 cm2/g) occur in Miocene-Oligocene fluvial deposits of the Kenai Group. These coals have been identified as the probable source of more than 8 tcf gas that has been produced from conventional sandstone reservoirs in the basin. Cook Inlet coals can be divided into two main groups: (1) those of bituminous rank in the Tyonek Formation that contain mainly thermogenic methane and are confined to the northeastern part of the basin (Matanuska Valley) and to deep levels elsewhere; and (2) subbituminous coals at shallow depths (<5000 ft [1524 m]) in the Tyonek and overlying Beluga formations, which contain mainly biogenic methane and cover most of the central and southern basin. Based on core and corrected cuttings-desorption analyses, gas contents average 230 scf/ton (7.2 cm2/g) for bituminous coals and 80 scf/ton (2.5 cm2/g) for subbituminous coals. Isotherms constructed for samples of both coal ranks suggest that bituminous coals are saturated with respect to methane, whereas subbituminous coals at shallow depths along the eroded west-central basin margin are locally unsaturated. A preliminary estimate of 140 tcf gas in place is derived for the basin.

Montgomery, S. L.; Barker, C. E.

2003-01-01

156

Resources  

Cancer.gov

The Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research (OCCPR) promotes the sharing and dissemination of laboratory tested technologies and reagents to benefit and promote research across the world.  To this regard, several key resources (i.e. data, software

157

Resources  

Cancer.gov

Resources General Information Regarding CTRP AACI-NCI Clinical Trials Reporting Program (CTRP) Strategic Subcommittee Report: CTRP Reporting Objectives and Implementation Timeline, July 2011 (PDF, 1 MB) Helpful Tools CTRP User's Guides Troubleshooting

158

Worldwide Estimates of Deep Natural Gas Resources Based on the U.S. Geological Survey World Petroleum Assessment 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Geological Survey recently assessed undiscovered conventional gas and oil resources in eight regions of the world outside the U.S. The resources assessed were those estimated to have the potential to be added to reserves within the next thirty years. This study is a worldwide analysis of the estimated volumes and distribution of deep (>4.5 km or about 15,000

T. S. Dyman; R. A. Crovelli; C. E. Bartberger; K. I. Takahashi

2002-01-01

159

Comparison of resource assessment methods and geologic controls--deep natural gas plays and zones, United States and Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deep (greater than 4.5 km--15,000 ft) conventional natural gas resources will play an important role in the future energy needs of the United States and Russia. Deep sedimentary basins are widespread in these countries and have formed in a variety of depositional and tectonic settings. Significant volumes of undiscovered deep natural gas are in the Gulf Coast, Anadarko, Permian, and

T. S. Dyman; M. D. Belonin

1996-01-01

160

Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The resources listed different types of materials related to the aerospace science under specified categories: free materials and inexpensive, selected government publication, audiovisual (government, nongovernment), aviation books, and space books. The list includes the publisher's name and the price for each publication. (SK)|

Aviation/Space, 1980

1980-01-01

161

Human resource needs and development for the gas industry of the future  

SciTech Connect

The natural gas industry will confront many challenges in the 1990s and beyond, one of which is the development of human resources to meet future needs. An efficient, trained work force in this era of environmental concern, high technology, and alternative fuels is essential for the industry to continue to meet the competition and to safely deliver our product and service to all customers. Unfortunately, during this period there will be an increasing shortfall of technical personnel to replace those lost to attrition and a steady decline in the availability of new employees who are able to read, write, and perform simple math. Technological and government developments that will impact the industry and the skill levels needed by the industry employees are reviewed. In-house and external training of professional and nonprofessional personnel and the benefits and disadvantages of selected advanced training methods are discussed. Recommendations are presented that can help improve the training of gas industry employees to meet future needs. 22 refs.

Klass, D.L.

1991-01-01

162

Non-Renewable Resources Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is designed to help teachers and administrators in Alaska develop secondary and postsecondary training in nonrenewable natural resources. Its competencies reflect those needed for entry-level employment in the following industries as identified by international businesses surveyed in Alaska: gas and petroleum, coal, placer, and…

Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau. Div. of Adult and Vocational Education.

163

Estimates of undiscovered recoverable oil and gas resources for onshore and state offshore areas of United States  

SciTech Connect

From 1859 when oil was first discovered at Titusville, Pennsylvania, through 1985, over 180 billion bbl of recoverable oil and natural gas liquids and 760 trillion ft/sup 3/ of recoverable natural gas have been discovered onshore in the US. How much remains to be discovered in the US is an important question. This paper presents the details of a new assessment. Estimates of undiscovered recoverable conventional oil and gas resources were made for more than 240 geologically defined plays from 80 petroleum provinces and basins covering the onshore and the state offshore areas of the conterminous 48 states and Alaska.

Mast, R.F.; Dolton, G.L.; Crovelli, R.A.; Powers, R.B.; Charpentier, R.R.; Root, D.H.; Attanasi, E.D.

1988-02-01

164

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Assam, Bombay, Cauvery, and Krishna-Godavari Provinces, South Asia, 2011  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated volumes of undiscovered, technically recoverable, conventional petroleum resources for the Assam, Bombay, Cauvery, and Krishna–Godavari Provinces, South Asia. The estimated mean volumes are as follows: (1) Assam Province, 273 million barrels of crude oil, 1,559 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 43 million barrels of natural gas liquids; (2) Bombay Province, 1,854 million barrels of crude oil, 15,417 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 498 million barrels of natural gas liquids; (3) Cauvery Province, 941 million barrels of crude oil, 25,208 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 654 million barrels of natural gas liquids; and (4) Krishna–Godavari Province, 466 million barrels of crude oil, 37,168 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 484 million barrels of natural gas liquids. The totals for the four provinces are 3,534 million barrels of crude oil, 79,352 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1,679 million barrels of natural gas liquids.

Klett, T. R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Wandrey, Craig J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.; Pollastro, Richard M.

2012-01-01

165

Resource Assessment of the In-Place and Potentially Recoverable Deep Natural Gas Resource of the Onshore Interior Salt Basins, North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the study were: (1) to perform resource assessment of the thermogenic gas resources in deeply buried (>15,000 ft) natural gas reservoirs of the onshore interior salt basins of the north central and northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas through petroleum system identification, characterization and modeling; and (2) to use the petroleum system based resource assessment to estimate the volume of the deep thermogenic gas resource that is available for potential recovery and to identify those areas in the interior salt basins with high potential for this thermogenic gas resource. Petroleum source rock analysis and petroleum system characterization and modeling, including thermal maturation and hydrocarbon expulsion modeling, have shown that the Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation served as the regional petroleum source rock in the North Louisiana Salt Basin, Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, Manila Subbasin and Conecuh Subbasin. Thus, the estimates of the total hydrocarbons, oil, and gas generated and expelled are based on the assumption that the Smackover Formation is the main petroleum source rock in these basins and subbasins. The estimate of the total hydrocarbons generated for the North Louisiana Salt Basin in this study using a petroleum system approach compares favorably with the total volume of hydrocarbons generated published by Zimmermann (1999). In this study, the estimate is 2,870 billion barrels of total hydrocarbons generated using the method of Schmoker (1994), and the estimate is 2,640 billion barrels of total hydrocarbons generated using the Platte River software application. The estimate of Zimmermann (1999) is 2,000 to 2,500 billion barrels of total hydrocarbons generated. The estimate of gas generated for this basin is 6,400 TCF using the Platte River software application, and 12,800 TCF using the method of Schmoker (1994). Barnaby (2006) estimated that the total gas volume generated for this basin ranges from 4,000 to 8,000 TCF. Seventy-five percent of the gas is estimated to be from late cracking of oil in the source rock. Lewan (2002) concluded that much of the thermogenic gas produced in this basin is the result of cracking of oil to gas in deeply buried reservoirs. The efficiency of expulsion, migration and trapping has been estimated to range from 0.5 to 10 percent for certain basins (Schmoker, 1994: Zimmerman, 1999). The estimate of the total hydrocarbons generated for the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin is 910 billion barrels using the method of Schmoker (1994), and the estimate of the total hydrocarbons generated is 1,540 billion barrels using the Platte River software application. The estimate of gas generated for this basin is 3,130 TCF using the Platte River software application, and 4,050 TCF using the method of Schmoker (1994). Seventy-five percent of the gas is estimated to be from late cracking of oil in the source rock. Claypool and Mancini (1989) report that the conversion of oil to gas in reservoirs is a significant source of thermogenic gas in this basin. The Manila and Conecuh Subbasins are oil-prone. Although these subbasins are thermally mature for oil generation and expulsion, they are not thermally mature for secondary, non-associated gas generation and expulsion. The gas produced from the highly productive gas condensate fields (Big Escambia Creek and Flomaton fields) in these subbasins has been interpreted to be, in part, a product of the cracking of oil to gas and thermochemical reduction of evaporite sulfate in the reservoirs (Claypool and Mancini, 1989). The areas in the North Louisiana and Mississippi Interior Salt Basins with high potential for deeply buried gas reservoirs (>15,000 ft) have been identified. In the North Louisiana Salt Basin, these potential reservoirs include Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous facies, especially the Smackover, Cotton Valley, Hosston, and Sligo units. The estimate of the secondary, non-associated gas generated from cracking of oil in the source rock from depths below 12,000 feet in this basin is 4,800 TCF. Assuming an expul

Ernest A. Mancini

2006-09-30

166

Recovery of Fresh Water Resources from Desalination of Brine Produced During Oil and Gas Production Operations  

SciTech Connect

Management and disposal of produced water is one of the most important problems associated with oil and gas (O&G) production. O&G production operations generate large volumes of brine water along with the petroleum resource. Currently, produced water is treated as a waste and is not available for any beneficial purposes for the communities where oil and gas is produced. Produced water contains different contaminants that must be removed before it can be used for any beneficial surface applications. Arid areas like west Texas produce large amount of oil, but, at the same time, have a shortage of potable water. A multidisciplinary team headed by researchers from Texas A&M University has spent more than six years is developing advanced membrane filtration processes for treating oil field produced brines The government-industry cooperative joint venture has been managed by the Global Petroleum Research Institute (GPRI). The goal of the project has been to demonstrate that treatment of oil field waste water for re-use will reduce water handling costs by 50% or greater. Our work has included (1) integrating advanced materials into existing prototype units and (2) operating short and long-term field testing with full size process trains. Testing at A&M has allowed us to upgrade our existing units with improved pre-treatment oil removal techniques and new oil tolerant RO membranes. We have also been able to perform extended testing in 'field laboratories' to gather much needed extended run time data on filter salt rejection efficiency and plugging characteristics of the process train. The Program Report describes work to evaluate the technical and economical feasibility of treating produced water with a combination of different separation processes to obtain water of agricultural water quality standards. Experiments were done for the pretreatment of produced water using a new liquid-liquid centrifuge, organoclay and microfiltration and ultrafiltration membranes for the removal of hydrocarbons from produced water. The results of these experiments show that hydrocarbons from produced water can be reduced from 200 ppm to below 29 ppm level. Experiments were also done to remove the dissolved solids (salts) from the pretreated produced water using desalination membranes. Produced water with up to 45,000 ppm total dissolved solids (TDS) can be treated to agricultural water quality water standards having less than 500 ppm TDS. The Report also discusses the results of field testing of various process trains to measure performance of the desalination process. Economic analysis based on field testing, including capital and operational costs, was done to predict the water treatment costs. Cost of treating produced water containing 15,000 ppm total dissolved solids and 200 ppm hydrocarbons to obtain agricultural water quality with less than 200 ppm TDS and 2 ppm hydrocarbons range between $0.5-1.5 /bbl. The contribution of fresh water resource from produced water will contribute enormously to the sustainable development of the communities where oil and gas is produced and fresh water is a scarce resource. This water can be used for many beneficial purposes such as agriculture, horticulture, rangeland and ecological restorations, and other environmental and industrial application.

David B. Burnett; Mustafa Siddiqui

2006-12-29

167

Mitigation of chlorine gas lung injury in rats by postexposure administration of sodium nitrite  

PubMed Central

Nitrite (NO2?) has been shown to limit injury to the heart, liver, and kidneys in various models of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Potential protective effects of systemic NO2? in limiting lung injury or enhancing repair have not been documented. We assessed the efficacy and mechanisms by which postexposure intraperitoneal injections of NO2? mitigate chlorine (Cl2)-induced lung injury in rats. Rats were exposed to Cl2 (400 ppm) for 30 min and returned to room air. NO2? (1 mg/kg) or saline was administered intraperitoneally at 10 min and 2, 4, and 6 h after exposure. Rats were killed at 6 or 24 h. Injury to airway and alveolar epithelia was assessed by quantitative morphology, protein concentrations, number of cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), and wet-to-dry lung weight ratio. Lipid peroxidation was assessed by measurement of lung F2-isoprostanes. Rats developed severe, but transient, hypoxemia. A significant increase of protein concentration, neutrophil numbers, airway epithelia in the BAL, and lung wet-to-dry weight ratio was evident at 6 h after Cl2 exposure. Quantitative morphology revealed extensive lung injury in the upper airways. Airway epithelial cells stained positive for terminal deoxynucleotidyl-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), but not caspase-3. Administration of NO2? resulted in lower BAL protein levels, significant reduction in the intensity of the TUNEL-positive cells, and normal lung wet-to-dry weight ratios. F2-isoprostane levels increased at 6 and 24 h after Cl2 exposure in NO2?- and saline-injected rats. This is the first demonstration that systemic NO2? administration mitigates airway and epithelial injury.

Yadav, Amit K.; Doran, Stephen F.; Samal, Andrey A.; Sharma, Ruchita; Vedagiri, Kokilavani; Postlethwait, Edward M.; Squadrito, Giuseppe L.; Fanucchi, Michelle V.; Roberts, L. Jackson; Patel, Rakesh P.

2011-01-01

168

Development and Demonstration of Mobile, Small Footprint Exploration and Development Well System for Arctic Unconventional Gas Resources (ARCGAS)  

SciTech Connect

Traditionally, oil and gas field technology development in Alaska has focused on the high-cost, high-productivity oil and gas fields of the North Slope and Cook Inlet, with little or no attention given to Alaska's numerous shallow, unconventional gas reservoirs (carbonaceous shales, coalbeds, tight gas sands). This is because the high costs associated with utilizing the existing conventional oil and gas infrastructure, combined with the typical remoteness and environmental sensitivity of many of Alaska's unconventional gas plays, renders the cost of exploring for and producing unconventional gas resources prohibitive. To address these operational challenges and promote the development of Alaska's large unconventional gas resource base, new low-cost methods of obtaining critical reservoir parameters prior to drilling and completing more costly production wells are required. Encouragingly, low-cost coring, logging, and in-situ testing technologies have already been developed by the hard rock mining industry in Alaska and worldwide, where an extensive service industry employs highly portable diamond-drilling rigs. From 1998 to 2000, Teck Cominco Alaska employed some of these technologies at their Red Dog Mine site in an effort to quantify a large unconventional gas resource in the vicinity of the mine. However, some of the methods employed were not fully developed and required additional refinement in order to be used in a cost effective manner for rural arctic exploration. In an effort to offset the high cost of developing a new, low-cost exploration methods, the US Department of Energy, National Petroleum Technology Office (DOE-NPTO), partnered with the Nana Regional Corporation and Teck Cominco on a technology development program beginning in 2001. Under this DOE-NPTO project, a team comprised of the NANA Regional Corporation (NANA), Teck Cominco Alaska and Advanced Resources International, Inc. (ARI) have been able to adapt drilling technology developed for the mineral industry for use in the exploration of unconventional gas in rural Alaska. These techniques have included the use of diamond drilling rigs that core small diameter (< 3.0-inch) holes coupled with wireline geophysical logging tools and pressure transient testing units capable of testing in these slimholes.

Paul Glavinovich

2002-11-01

169

Geologic Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the North Cuba Basin, Cuba  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Petroleum generation in the North Cuba Basin is primarily the result of thrust loading of Jurassic and Cretaceous source rocks during formation of the North Cuba fold and thrust belt in the Late Cretaceous to Paleogene. The fold and thrust belt formed as Cuban arc-forearc rocks along the leading edge of the Caribbean plate translated northward during the opening of the Yucatan Basin and collided with the passive margin of southern North America in the Paleogene. Petroleum fluids generated during thrust loading migrated vertically into complex structures in the fold and thrust belt, into structures in the foreland basin, and possibly into carbonate reservoirs along the margins of the Yucatan and Bahama carbonate platforms. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) defined a Jurassic-Cretaceous Composite Total Petroleum System (TPS) and three assessment units (AU)-North Cuba Fold and Thrust Belt AU, North Cuba Foreland Basin AU, and the North Cuba Platform Margin Carbonate AU-within this TPS based mainly on structure and reservoir type (fig. 1). There is considerable geologic uncertainty as to the extent of petroleum migration that might have occurred within this TPS to form potential petroleum accumulations. Taking this geologic uncertainty into account, especially in the offshore area, the mean volumes of undiscovered resources in the composite TPS of the North Cuba Basin are estimated at (1) 4.6 billion barrels of oil (BBO), with means ranging from an F95 probability of 1 BBO to an F5 probability of 9 BBO; and (2) 8.6 trillion cubic feet of of gas (TCFG), of which 8.6 TCFG is associated with oil fields, and about 1.2 TCFG is in nonassociated gas fields in the North Cuba Foreland Basin AU.

Schenk, Christopher J.

2010-01-01

170

Management of natural gas resources and search for alternative renewable energy resources: A case study of Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy usage in Pakistan has increased rapidly in past few years due to increase in economic growth. Inadequate and inconsistent supply of energy has created pressure on the industrial and commercial sectors of Pakistan and has also affected environment. Demand has already exceeded supply and load shedding has become common phenomenon. Due to excessive consumption of energy resources it would

Sidra Nisar Malik; Osama Rafiq Sukhera

2012-01-01

171

Toward Production From Gas Hydrates: Current Status, Assessment of Resources, and Simulation-Based Evaluationof Technology and Potential  

SciTech Connect

Gas hydrates are a vast energy resource with global distribution in the permafrost and in the oceans. Even if conservative estimates are considered and only a small fraction is recoverable, the sheer size of the resource is so large that it demands evaluation as a potential energy source. In this review paper, we discuss the distribution of natural gas hydrate accumulations, the status of the primary international R&D programs, and the remaining science and technological challenges facing commercialization of production. After a brief examination of gas hydrate accumulations that are well characterized and appear to be models for future development and gas production, we analyze the role of numerical simulation in the assessment of the hydrate production potential, identify the data needs for reliable predictions, evaluate the status of knowledge with regard to these needs, discuss knowledge gaps and their impact, and reach the conclusion that the numerical simulation capabilities are quite advanced and that the related gaps are either not significant or are being addressed. We review the current body of literature relevant to potential productivity from different types of gas hydrate deposits, and determine that there are consistent indications of a large production potential at high rates over long periods from a wide variety of hydrate deposits. Finally, we identify (a) features, conditions, geology and techniques that are desirable in potential production targets, (b) methods to maximize production, and (c) some of the conditions and characteristics that render certain gas hydrate deposits undesirable for production.

Reagan, Matthew; Moridis, George J.; Collett, Timothy; Boswell, Ray; Kurihara, M.; Reagan, Matthew T.; Koh, Carolyn; Sloan, E. Dendy

2008-02-12

172

Assessment of gas resources in low-permeability sandstones of Upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group, Piceance Basin, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

A modified volumetric approach is used to estimate gas resources in the low-permeability sandstones of the Upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group in the Piceance basin of western Colorado. The Mesaverde Group was divided into three plays based on stratigraphy - the Williams Fork Formation, the Iles Formation, and the Rollins Sandstone Member (Mesaverde Formation) or Trout Creek Sandstone Member (Iles Formation). Each of these plays was subdivided into a deep-gas play and a shallower gas-water transition play. Variations in thermal maturity were used to define the boundaries of the plays. The aggregated mean in-place gas for all six plays is 419.55 tcf. The mean in-place resource numbers were run through probability programs, which assign estimates of the gas potential at the 95%, 75%, 50%, 25%, and 5% probability levels both for individual plays and for the aggregate of all six plays. Assuming a 75% degree of dependency between the plays, there is a 95% chance of at least 274.45 tcf of total inplace gas, a 50% chance of 407.60 tcf, and a 5% chance of 605.33 tcf. Next, six different recovery factors were used. The first three assume current technology and a gas price of $5/mcf, and the second three assume future advanced technology without a gas price specified. The most likely estimated recoverable gas figures for the six plays at the 95%, 50%, and 5% probability levels using current technology are 8.75, 13.03, and 19.41 tcf, and using future advanced technology are 44.23, 65.97, and 98.39 tcf.

Johnson, R.C.; Crovelli, R.A.; Spencer, C.W.; Mast, R.F.

1988-01-01

173

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Raton Basin-Sierra Grande Uplift Province of New Mexico and Colorado, 2004  

SciTech Connect

Using geology-based assessment methods, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 2.35 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas and a mean of 28.1 million barrels of undiscovered natural gas liquids in the Raton Basin-Sierra Grande Uplift Province. This is a gas-prone province with very limited oil production or resources; for this reason, oil resources were not assessed. 1 fig., 1 tab.

NONE

2005-04-15

174

Social Security Administration's Report on Supplemental Security Income: Income and Resource Exclusions and Disability Insurance Earnings-Related Provisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As required by Section 303(d) of the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999, this report identifies all income and resource disregards (exclusions) under the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (...

2000-01-01

175

Managing for Results: Efforts to Strengthen the Link Between Resources and Results at the Veterans Health Administration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

VHA's budget formulation and planning processes are centrally managed, but are not closely linked. Resource distribution to VHA's health care networks is mostly formulaic, determined primarily by the distribution of the veterans being served. VHA offices ...

2002-01-01

176

Report for the Period 1 July 1984-30 June 1985 from the Mineral Resources Administration in Greenland.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The common Greenland-Danish Council of Mineral Resources considered licensing and exploration applications from several private companies as Greenex, Cryolite Co., A/S Arco Greenland etc. The future hydrocarbon activities, especially in the Jameson Land i...

1985-01-01

177

Hydrocarbons in Soil Gas as Pathfinders in Geothermal Resource Surveys in Indonesia  

SciTech Connect

A surface geochemical technique utilizing normal paraffin (C{sub 7+}) and aromatic (C{sub 8}) hydrocarbons in soil gas has been successfully used as pathfinders in surveys for geothermal resources in Indonesia. The Dieng field was used to test the technique. The result shows the paraffin anomalies to be near and over productive wells. Because productive wells usually lie over upflow zones it reinforces our hypothesis that paraffins define the upflow of geothermal systems. The aromatic hydrocarbon alkylbenzene C{sub 8} was found near and around productive wells in the southeast quadrant of the Dieng field (Sikidang-Merdada area) but they are more spread out and more diffuse than the paraffins. The shape of their anomaly seems to suggest a tendency of spreading into the direction of lower elevations. It is thought that the aromatics, which are much more soluble than their corresponding paraffins, express at the surface as anomalies not only of locations of the upflow but also of the outflow of the geothermal system as well. Therefore the combined paraffin and aromatic anomalies, and topography, may be used as an indicator for the direction of the outflow or the flow of the under ground waters. The scarcity of the aromatics in the northwest quadrant of the Dieng field (Sileri area) is unique. A hypothesis has been proposed which could explain this unique feature.

Pudjianto, R.; Suroto, M.; Higashihara, M.; Fukuda, M.; Ong, Akhadiana and Jan

1995-01-01

178

30 CFR 7.102 - Exhaust gas cooling efficiency test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...102 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...Areas of Underground Coal Mines Where Permissible Electric...a). (2) Install a temperature measuring device to measure the exhaust gas temperature at discharge from the...

2013-07-01

179

A well-based cost function and the economics of exhaustible resources: The case of natural gas  

SciTech Connect

A cost function for natural gas production is estimated, using a pool of data from 29 wells. Statistically exact tests are performed for parameter stability across locations, formations, wells, and producing firms. Costs are determined to be inversely related to remaining recoverable reserves, and marginal costs of production are decreasing in all cases. Theoretical implications of these cost characteristics on optimal exhaustible resource extraction are analyzed. Although marginal cost is decreasing, production effects on the resource stock imply that an interior production path may be optimal. Conditions under which production optimally occurs at the capacity bound are delineated, and optimal interior production paths are characterized. 21 refs., 2 tabs.

Chermak, J.M. [Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States); Patrick, R.H. [Rutgers Univ., Newark, NJ (United States)

1995-03-01

180

Petroleum Systems and Geologic Assessment of Oil and Gas Resources in the Wind River Basin Province, Wyoming  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The purpose of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Oil and Gas Assessment is to develop geologically based hypotheses regarding the potential for additions to oil and gas reserves in priority areas of the United States. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed an assessment of the undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Wind River Basin Province which encompasses about 4.7 million acres in central Wyoming. The assessment is based on the geologic elements of each total petroleum system (TPS) defined in the province, including hydrocarbon source rocks (source-rock maturation, hydrocarbon generation, and migration), reservoir rocks (sequence stratigraphy and petrophysical properties), and hydrocarbon traps (trap formation and timing). Using this geologic framework, the USGS defined three TPSs: (1) Phosphoria TPS, (2) Cretaceous-Tertiary TPS, and (3) Waltman TPS. Within these systems, 12 Assessment Units (AU) were defined and undiscovered oil and gas resources were quantitatively estimated within 10 of the 12 AUs.

U.S. Geological Survey Wind River Basin Assessment Team

2007-01-01

181

Measuring resource scarcity in non-renewable resource with an application to oil and natural gas in Alberta  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper annual Canadian exploration data are used to estimate a multiple-output translog exploration cost function. A new definition of depletion is introduced and its estimated coefficient is found to be statistically significant. The fitted cost function parameters are then used to obtain estimates of the marginal costs of exploration for oil and gas. Our estimated marginal exploration costs

Perry A. Sadorsky

1991-01-01

182

Wide-Area Energy Storage and Management system to Balance Intermittent Resources in the Bonneville Power Administration and California ISO Control Areas  

SciTech Connect

The entire project addresses the issue of mitigating additional intermittency and fast ramps that occur at higher penetration of intermittent resources, including wind genera-tion, in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the California Independent Sys-tem Operator (California ISO) control areas. The proposed Wide Area Energy Storage and Management System (WAEMS) will address the additional regulation requirement through the energy exchange between the participating control areas and through the use of energy storage and other generation resources. For the BPA and California ISO control centers, the new regulation service will look no different comparing with the traditional regulation resources. The proposed project will benefit the regulation service in these service areas, regardless of the actual degree of penetration of the intermittent resources in the regions. The project develops principles, algorithms, market integration rules, functional de-sign and technical specifications for the WAEMS system. The project is sponsored by BPA and supported in kind by California ISO, Beacon Power Corporation, and the Cali-fornia Energy Commission (CEC).

Makarov, Yuri V.; Yang, Bo; DeSteese, John G.; Lu, Shuai; Miller, Carl H.; Nyeng, Preben; Ma, Jian; Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Vishwanathan, Vilanyur V.

2008-06-30

183

Administrative IT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When it comes to Administrative IT solutions and processes, best practices range across the spectrum. Enterprise resource planning (ERP), student information systems (SIS), and tech support are prominent and continuing areas of focus. But widespread change can also be accomplished via the implementation of campuswide document imaging and sharing,…

Grayson, Katherine, Ed.

2006-01-01

184

Changing perceptions of United States natural-gas resources as shown by successive U. S. Department of the Interior assessments  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Trends in four successive estimates of United States technically recoverable natural gas resources are examined in this report. The effective dates of these assessments were January 1 of 1975, 1980, 1987, and 1994. The 1994 estimate of the U.S. total gas endowment increased significantly over the previous three estimates, indicating that the technically recoverable endowment of gas is not an absolute volume, but rather is a quantity that can increase through time in response to advances in technology and in geologic understanding. Much of this increase was in the category of reserve growth. Reserve growth refers to additions to the estimated ultimate recovery of fields that typically occur as discovered fields are developed and produced. The potential for U.S. reserve growth, rather than being rapidly used up, appears to be sustainable for many years by intensive engineering efforts coupled with improving technology. Potential additions to reserves in continuous (unconventional) accumulations also represent a type of reserve growth, and were estimated (for the first time) in the 1994 assessment at 358 trillion cubic feet of gas. This resource category provides a significant new contribution to the estimated U.S. total gas endowment.

Schmoker, James W.; Dyman, Thaddeus S.

2001-01-01

185

Gas hydrate stability in the Gulf of Mexico: Significance to resource estimation, geohazards, and global change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models of gas hydrate stability for the northern Gulf of Mexico continental slope address basic problems of gas hydrate geology. The maximum thickness of the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ) at key gas hydrate study sites is estimated, and a generalized GHSZ profile across part of the central Gulf of Mexico slope is constructed. The thickness of the GHSZ increases

Alexei Vasilievich Milkov

2001-01-01

186

Constraints to leasing and development of federal resources: OCS oil and gas and geothermal. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Chapter I identifies possible technological, economic, and environmental constraints to geothermal resource development. Chapter II discusses constraints relative to outer continental shelf and geothermal resources. General leasing information for each resource is detailed. Chapter III summarizes the major studies relating to development constraints. 37 refs. (PSB)

Not Available

1982-01-01

187

GAs and simulation techniques for dynamic resources sharing and reallocation across workgroups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work proposes a decision support system (DSS) for the management of resources scheduling emergencies in labor-intensive industrial and business contexts. Prior work has demonstrated the benefits that may be accrued from sharing and re-assigning resources across workgroups in case of unexpected manpower shortage in specific areas of competence. The decision process to identify suitable substitute resources that best fit

Alessandra Orsoni

2004-01-01

188

The political economy of oil and gas in Southeast Asia: heading towards the natural resource curse?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of the resource curse suggests that countries with large caches of natural resources often perform worse in terms of economic growth, social development, and good governance than other countries with fewer resources. The theory posits that countries depending on oil or other extractive industries for their livelihood are among the most economically troubled, socially unstable, authoritarian, and conflict-ridden

Benjamin K. Sovacool

2010-01-01

189

Assessment of Appalachian Basin Oil and Gas Resources: Utica-Lower Paleozoic Total Petroleum System  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Utica-Lower Paleozoic Total Petroleum System (TPS) is an important TPS identified in the 2002 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) assessment of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil and gas resources in the Appalachian basin province (Milici and others, 2003). The TPS is named for the Upper Ordovician Utica Shale, which is the primary source rock, and for multiple lower Paleozoic sandstone and carbonate units that are the important reservoirs. Upper Cambrian through Upper Silurian petroleum-bearing strata that constitute the Utica-Lower Paleozoic TPS thicken eastward from about 2,700 ft at the western margin of the Appalachian basin to about 12,000 ft at the thrust-faulted eastern margin of the Appalachian basin. The Utica-Lower Paleozoic TPS covers approximately 170,000 mi2 of the Appalachian basin from northeastern Tennessee to southeastern New York and from central Ohio to eastern West Virginia. The boundary of the TPS is defined by the following geologic features: (1) the northern boundary (from central Ontario to northeastern New York) extends along the outcrop limit of the Utica Shale-Trenton Limestone; (2) the northeastern boundary (from southeastern New York, through southeastern Pennsylvania-western Maryland-easternmost West Virginia, to northern Virginia) extends along the eastern limit of the Utica Shale-Trenton Limestone in the thrust-faulted eastern margin of the Appalachian basin; (3) the southeastern boundary (from west-central and southwestern Virginia to eastern Tennessee) extends along the eastern limit of the Trenton Limestone in the thrust-faulted eastern margin of the Appalachian basin; (4) the southwestern boundary (from eastern Tennessee, through eastern Kentucky, to southwestern Ohio) extends along the approximate facies change from the Trenton Limestone with thin black shale interbeds (on the east) to the equivalent Lexington Limestone without black shale interbeds (on the west); (5) the northern part of the boundary in southwestern Ohio to the Indiana border extends along an arbitrary boundary between the Utica Shale of the Appalachian basin and the Utica Shale of the Sebree trough (Kolata and others, 2001); and (6) the northwestern boundary (from east-central Indiana, through northwesternmost Ohio and southeasternmost Michigan, to central Ontario) extends along the approximate southeastern boundary of the Michigan Basin. Although the Utica-Lower Paleozoic TPS extends into northwestern Ohio, southeastern Michigan, and northeastern Indiana, these areas have been assigned to the Michigan Basin (Swezey and others, 2005) and are outside the scope of this report. Furthermore, although the northern part of the Utica-Lower Paleozoic TPS extends across the Great Lakes (Lake Erie and Lake Ontario) into southern Ontario, Canada, only the undiscovered oil and gas resources in the U.S. waters of the Great Lakes have been included in the USGS assessment of the Utica-Lower Paleozoic TPS. This TPS is similar to the Point Pleasant-Brassfield petroleum system previously identified by Drozd and Cole (1994) in the Ohio part of the Appalachian basin.

Ryder, Robert T.

2008-01-01

190

ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING MODELS FOR CULTURAL RESOURCES IN OIL & GAS FIELDS IN NEW MEXICO AND WYOMING  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a summary of activities of Gnomon, Inc. and five subcontractors that have taken place during the first six months of 2004 (January 1, 2004-June 30, 2004) under the DOE-NETL cooperative agreement: ''Adaptive Management and Planning Models for Cultural Resources in Oil & Gas Fields in New Mexico and Wyoming'', DE-FC26-02NT15445. Although Gnomon and all five subcontractors completed tasks during these six months, most of the technical experimental work was conducted by the subcontractor, SRI Foundation (SRIF). SRIF created a sensitivity model for the Azotea Mesa area of southeastern New Mexico that rates areas as having a very good chance, a good chance, or a very poor chance of containing cultural resource sites. SRIF suggested that the results of the sensitivity model might influence possible changes in cultural resource management (CRM) practices in the Azote Mesa area of southeastern New Mexico.

Peggy Robinson

2004-07-01

191

ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING MODELS FOR CULTURAL RESOURCES IN OIL & GAS FIELDS IN NEW MEXICO AND WYOMING  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a summary of activities of Gnomon, Inc. and five subcontractors that have taken place during the second six months (July 1, 2003-December 31, 2003) under the DOE-NETL cooperative agreement: ''Adaptive Management and Planning Models for Cultural Resources in Oil & Gas Fields in New Mexico and Wyoming'', DE-FC26-02NT15445. Although Gnomon and all five subcontractors completed tasks during these six months, most of the technical experimental work was conducted by the subcontractor, SRI Foundation (SRIF). SRIF created a sensitivity model for the Loco Hills area of southeastern New Mexico that rates areas as having a very good chance, a good chance, or a very poor chance of containing cultural resource sites. SRIF suggested that the results of the sensitivity model might influence possible changes in cultural resource management (CRM) practices in the Loco Hills area of southeastern New Mexico.

Peggy Robinson

2004-01-01

192

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Dnieper-Donets Basin Province and Pripyat Basin Province, Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey, using a geology-based assessment methodology, estimated mean volumes of technically recoverable, conventional, undiscovered petroleum resources at 84 million barrels of crude oil, 4.7 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 130 million barrels of natural gas liquids for the Dnieper-Donets Basin Province and 39 million barrels of crude oil, 48 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1 million barrels of natural gas liquids for the Pripyat Basin Province. The assessments are part of a program to estimate these resources for priority basins throughout the world.

Klett, T. R.

2011-01-01

193

Distribution of shale gas resources in China and their exploration and development potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

ndly new energy with low carbon emission, shale gas has attracted very much attention around the world. Based on such characteristics as the geologic histories, the sedimentary and structural settings, and the shale gas accumulation mechanism and distribution patterns, the areas with shale gas accumulation in China can be divided into four regions which correspond to the tectonic plates by

Ding Wenlong; Jin Wenzheng; Zhang Jinchuan; Tang Xuan

2011-01-01

194

Assessment of undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources, onshore Claiborne Group, United Statespart of the northern Gulf of Mexico Basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The middle Eocene Claiborne Group was assessed for undiscovered conventional hydrocarbon resources using established U.S. Geological Survey assessment methodology. This work was conducted as part of a 2007 assessment of Paleogene-Neogene strata of the northern Gulf of Mexico Basin, including the United States onshore and state waters (Dubiel et al., 2007). The assessed area is within the Upper Jurassic-CretaceousTertiary composite total petroleum system, which was defined for the assessment. Source rocks for Claiborne oil accumulations are interpreted to be organic-rich, downdip, shaley facies of the Wilcox Group and the Sparta Sand of the Claiborne Group; gas accumulations may have originated from multiple sources, including the Jurassic Smackover Formation and the Haynesville and Bossier shales, the Cretaceous Eagle Ford and Pearsall (?) formations, and the Paleogene Wilcox Group and Sparta Sand. Hydrocarbon generation in the basin started prior to deposition of Claiborne sediments and is currently ongoing. Primary reservoir sandstones in the Claiborne Group include, from oldest to youngest, the Queen City Sand, Cook Mountain Formation, Sparta Sand, Yegua Formation, and the laterally equivalent Cockfield Formation. A geologic model, supported by spatial analysis of petroleum geology data, including discovered reservoir depths, thicknesses, temperatures, porosities, permeabilities, and pressures, was used to divide the Claiborne Group into seven assessment units (AUs) with three distinctive structural and depositional settings. The three structural and depositional settings are (1) stable shelf, (2) expanded fault zone, and (3) slope and basin floor; the seven AUs are (1) lower Claiborne stable-shelf gas and oil, (2) lower Claiborne expanded fault-zone gas, (3) lower Claiborne slope and basin-floor gas, (4) lower Claiborne Cane River, (5) upper Claiborne stable-shelf gas and oil, (6) upper Claiborne expanded fault-zone gas, and (7) upper Claiborne slope and basin-floor gas. Based on Monte Carlo simulation of justified input parameters, the total estimated mean undiscovered conventional hydrocarbon resources in the seven AUs combined are 52 million bbl of oil, 19.145 tcf of natural gas, and 1.205 billion bbl of natural gas liquids. This article describes the conceptual geologic model used to define the seven Claiborne AUs, the characteristics of each AU, and the justification behind the input parameters used to estimate undiscovered resources for each AU. The great bulk of undiscovered hydrocarbon resources are predicted to be nonassociated gas and natural gas liquids contained in deep (mostiy >12,000-ft [3658 m], present-day drilling depths), overpressured, structurally complex outer shelf or slope and basin-floor Claiborne reservoirs. The continuing development of these downdip objectives is expected to be the primary focus of exploration activity for the onshore middle Eocene Gulf Coast in the coming decades. ?? 2010 U.S. Geological Survey. All rights reserved.

Hackley, P. C.; Ewing, T. E.

2010-01-01

195

A Resource Assessment Of Geothermal Energy Resources For Converting Deep Gas Wells In Carbonate Strata Into Geothermal Extraction Wells: A Permian Basin Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Previously conducted preliminary investigations within the deep Delaware and Val Verde sub-basins of the Permian Basin complex documented bottom hole temperatures from oil and gas wells that reach the 120-180C temperature range, and occasionally beyond. With large abundances of subsurface brine water, and known porosity and permeability, the deep carbonate strata of the region possess a good potential for future geothermal power development. This work was designed as a 3-year project to investigate a new, undeveloped geographic region for establishing geothermal energy production focused on electric power generation. Identifying optimum geologic and geographic sites for converting depleted deep gas wells and fields within a carbonate environment into geothermal energy extraction wells was part of the project goals. The importance of this work was to affect the three factors limiting the expansion of geothermal development: distribution, field size and accompanying resource availability, and cost. Historically, power production from geothermal energy has been relegated to shallow heat plumes near active volcanic or geyser activity, or in areas where volcanic rocks still retain heat from their formation. Thus geothermal development is spatially variable and site specific. Additionally, existing geothermal fields are only a few 10’s of square km in size, controlled by the extent of the heat plume and the availability of water for heat movement. This plume radiates heat both vertically as well as laterally into the enclosing country rock. Heat withdrawal at too rapid a rate eventually results in a decrease in electrical power generation as the thermal energy is “mined”. The depletion rate of subsurface heat directly controls the lifetime of geothermal energy production. Finally, the cost of developing deep (greater than 4 km) reservoirs of geothermal energy is perceived as being too costly to justify corporate investment. Thus further development opportunities for geothermal resources have been hindered. To increase the effective regional implementation of geothermal resources as an energy source for power production requires meeting several objectives. These include: 1) Expand (oil and gas as well as geothermal) industry awareness of an untapped source of geothermal energy within deep permeable strata of sedimentary basins; 2) Identify and target specific geographic areas within sedimentary basins where deeper heat sources can be developed; 3) Increase future geothermal field size from 10 km2 to many 100’s km2 or greater; and 4) Increase the productive depth range for economic geothermal energy extraction below the current 4 km limit by converting deep depleted and abandoned gas wells and fields into geothermal energy extraction wells. The first year of the proposed 3-year resource assessment covered an eight county region within the Delaware and Val Verde Basins of West Texas. This project has developed databases in Excel spreadsheet form that list over 8,000 temperature-depth recordings. These recordings come from header information listed on electric well logs recordings from various shallow to deep wells that were drilled for oil and gas exploration and production. The temperature-depth data is uncorrected and thus provides the lower temperature that is be expected to be encountered within the formation associated with the temperature-depth recording. Numerous graphs were developed from the data, all of which suggest that a log-normal solution for the thermal gradient is more descriptive of the data than a linear solution. A discussion of these plots and equations are presented within the narrative. Data was acquired that enable the determination of brine salinity versus brine density with the Permian Basin. A discussion on possible limestone and dolostone thermal conductivity parameters is presented with the purpose of assisting in determining heat flow and reservoir heat content for energy extraction. Subsurface maps of temperature either at a constant depth or within a target geothermal reservoir are discusse

Erdlac, Richard J., Jr.

2006-10-12

196

Worldwide Natural Gas Supply and Demand and the Outlook for Global LNG Trade  

EIA Publications

This article is adapted from testimony by Jay Hakes, Administrator of the Energy Information Administration, before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee on July 23, 1997. The hearing focused on the examination of certain aspects of natural gas into the next century with special emphasis on world natural gas supply and demand to 2015.

Information Center

1997-08-01

197

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Mackenzie Delta province, North America, 2004  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 40 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered nonassociated gas, a mean of 10.5 billion barrels of undiscovered oil (with 46.6 trillion cubic feet of associated gas), and a mean of 4.0 billion barrels of undiscovered natural gas liquids in the Mackenzie Delta Province of North America, exclusive of the unassessed deep-water portion of the province.

Henry, Mitchell E.; Ahlbrandt, Thomas S.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Gautier, Donald L.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Ulmishek, Gregory F.

2006-01-01

198

Power and resource-saving process for producing methanol from natural gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The processes for producing methanol from syngas and syngas from natural gas are simulated. A kinetic model for the reaction\\u000a of steam-carbon dioxide reforming of methane that is in good agreement with the experimental data obtained for the ranges\\u000a of gas hourly gas velocities of 1000 to 10000 h?1, temperatures of 700 to 850°C, and pressures of 0.4 to 2.0

E. V. Pisarenko; V. N. Pisarenko; R. M. Minigulov; D. A. Abaskuliev

2008-01-01

199

Natural gas: Hearing before the committee on energy and natural resources, United States Senate  

SciTech Connect

This hearing will be on whether the US has the natural gas supply and the infrastructure necessary to meet the projected demand. Energy information says that there will be a need for 30 trillion cubic feet per year of natural gas by the year 2010 if the US is able to meet the proposed Clinton-Gore global warming targets. The question for today's hearing is can this level of gas demand be met. That is about a 50% increase. Will the gas be there both on-shore and off-shore? Will producers be given access to Federal lands? Those of us out West have had a little experience in that regard, and the Secretary of the Interior has not exactly opened up the wide-open spaces. Will there be interstate pipeline which is needed to move the gas from the producing fields to the cities? According to industry, why the FERC has not been particularly interested in allowing new gas lines to be built. Will there be local distribution facilities which will be necessary to get the gas from the pipeline to the consumers? The Committee heard from the following: representatives from the Interstate Natural Gas Association of America, Energy Information Agency, Independent Petroleum Association of America, Latin American Petroleum Intelligence Service, Natural Gas Supply Association, and Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, and senators from the states of New Mexico, Montana, and Alaska.

NONE

1999-07-01

200

Kinetic analysis of enantiomers of threo-methylphenidate and its metabolite in two healthy subjects after oral administration as determined by a gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method.  

PubMed

A gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method was developed for the stereoselective quantification of threo-methylphenidate (MPD) and its metabolite, ritalinic acid (RA), in plasma or urine. The plasma concentrations of (+)-MPD after oral administration of two 10-mg conventional tablets containing racemic MPD.HCl or of 20-mg of racemic MPD.HCl crystals to two healthy subjects were much higher than those of the (-)-isomer. The plasma concentrations of the metabolite, (-)-RA, were higher than that of the (+)-isomer during the first 4 h after administration of racemic MPD.HCl in both tablet and crystal forms. Although in urine both (+)- and (-)-RA were largely excreted in 48 h (37 and 40% of the dose, respectively), the percentage excretion of (-)-RA during the first 3-4 h was approximately twice that of the (+)-isomer. These results suggest that one reason for the difference in the plasma levels between (+)- and (-)-MPD may be due to differences in their rates of metabolism. Pharmacokinetic parameters of (+)-MPD after administration of 10 mg of (+)-MPD.HCl crystals were almost the same as those after administration of racemic MPD.HCl crystals. The AUC infinity 0 of (-)-MPD after administration of 10 mg of (-)-MPD.HCl crystals was smaller than that after administration of racemic MPD.HCl crystals. PMID:2395090

Aoyama, T; Kotaki, H; Honda, Y; Nakagawa, F

1990-06-01

201

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the North Caspian Basin, Middle Caspian Basin, North Ustyurt Basin, and South Caspian Basin Provinces, Caspian Sea Area, 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean volumes of technically recoverable, conventional, undiscovered petroleum resources at 19.6 billion barrels of crude oil, 243 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 9.3 billion barrels of natural gas liquids for the Caspian Sea area, using a geology-based assessment methodology.

Klett, T. R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Gautier, Donald L.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.; Cook, Troy A.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.

2010-01-01

202

Geologic Assessment of Undiscovered, Technically Recoverable Coalbed-Gas Resources in Cretaceous and Tertiary Rocks, North Slope and Adjacent State Waters, Alaska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The purpose of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Oil and Gas Assessment is to develop geology-based hypotheses regarding the potential for additions to oil and gas reserves in priority areas of the United States, focusing on the distribution, quantity, and availability of oil and natural gas resources. The USGS has completed an assessment of the undiscovered, technically recoverable coalbed-gas resources in Cretaceous and Tertiary rocks underlying the North Slope and adjacent State waters of Alaska (USGS Northern Alaska Province 5001). The province is a priority Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) province for the National Assessment because of its potential for oil and gas resources. The assessment of this province is based on geologic principles and uses the total petroleum system concept. The geologic elements of a total petroleum system include hydrocarbon source rocks (source rock maturation, hydrocarbon generation and migration), reservoir rocks (stratigraphy, sedimentology, petrophysical properties), and hydrocarbon traps (trap formation and timing). In the Northern Alaska Province, the USGS used this geologic framework to define one composite coalbed gas total petroleum system and three coalbed gas assessment units within the petroleum system, and quantitatively estimated the undiscovered coalbed-gas resources within each assessment unit.

Compiled by Roberts, Stephen B.

2008-01-01

203

The challenge of closing the diversity gap: development of Hispanic nursing faculty through a Health Resources and Services Administration Minority Faculty Fellowship Program grant.  

PubMed

Underrepresentation of minority faculty in schools of nursing is well reported. Recently, there have been multiple initiatives from both public and private sectors to alleviate the shortage of minority faculty. This article describes how the University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC) College of Nursing took advantage of one such initiative: the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Minority Faculty Fellowship Program (MFFP) grant. This program grant provides stipends to enable health professions educational programs to increase the number of faculty who are racial and ethnic minorities underrepresented in the health professions. It enabled the college to recruit a Hispanic nurse and to assist her in preparing for a successful academic career. HRSA provided a stipend in an amount not exceeding 50% of regular faculty salary of the institution for 3 years, to be matched by the institution. Expert faculty mentored the nurse's development in the areas of pedagogy, administration and leadership, design and conduct of research, grant writing and scientific writing for publication in peer-reviewed journals, and cultural competence. Dr. Susan Jacob was the project director of the MFFP grant received by the College of Nursing at UTHSC, and Zoila Sanchez, a Cuban American, was the minority faculty fellow supported by an HRSA MFFP grant. Dr. Sanchez was the first minority faculty fellow selected from the nursing profession. Past fellows represented the other health professions such as medicine and dentistry. PMID:21420043

Jacob, Susan R; Sánchez, Zoila V

204

Comparison of resource assessment methods and geologic controls--deep natural gas plays and zones, United States and Russia  

SciTech Connect

Deep (greater than 4.5 km--15,000 ft) conventional natural gas resources will play an important role in the future energy needs of the United States and Russia. Deep sedimentary basins are widespread in these countries and have formed in a variety of depositional and tectonic settings. Significant volumes of undiscovered deep natural gas are in the Gulf Coast, Anadarko, Permian, and Rocky Mountain basins of the U.S., and in the Timan-Pechora, West Siberia, East Siberia, and North and South Caspian basins of the former Soviet Union. Deep natural gas resources are regularly assessed by the All-Russia Petroleum Research Exploration Institute (VNIGRI) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of their normal research activities. Both VNIGRI and the USGS employ similar assessment methods involving play (or zone) analysis using geological data and based on an analysis of confirmed and hypothetical plays using field-size distributions, discovery-process models, and statistical estimation procedures that yield probabilistic estimates of undiscovered accumulations. Resource estimates for the deep structural and statigraphic plays of the Anadarko basin and deep Paleozoic zones in the Timan-Pechora basin are compared and contrasted using both methods. Differences in results of assessments between VNIGRI and USGS arise due to (1) the way in which plays/zones are defined, (2) different geochemical models for hydrocarbon generation as applied to hypothetical plays, (3) variations in the ways in which statistical estimation procedures are applied to plays and regions, and (4) differences in economic and technologic assumptions, reserve growth calculations, and accumulation size limits and ranges.

Dyman, T.S. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)); Belonin, M.D. (All-Russia Petroleum Research Exploration Inst., St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)) (and others)

1996-01-01

205

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of Libya and Tunisia, 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated means of 3.97 billion barrels of undiscovered oil, 38.5 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas, and 1.47 billion barrels of undiscovered natural gas liquids in two provinces of North Africa.

Whidden, Katherine J.; Lewan, Michael; Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Rondald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pitman, Janet

2011-01-01

206

Pacific Gas and Electric Co. v. State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission: preemption of state regulation of nuclear power  

SciTech Connect

The Supreme Court decision in Pacific Gas and Electric Co. v. State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission paves the way for further state involvement in nuclear power plant regulation. The author examines the limits of state power to control nuclear power plant construction as delineated in Pacific. He concludes that although the decision allows the states to regulate or block nuclear power for economic reasons, it may interfere in an area where there exists a substantial federal interest. Consequently, Pacific represents a departure from the traditional, more principled preemption cases that precede it and is an unsatisfactory preemption decision. 84 references.

Hillegas, J.

1983-01-01

207

Geologic studies of deep natural-gas resources in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Deep parts of sedimentary basins in the United States contain large volumes of natural gas. Deep producing reservoirs, accounted for 7 percent of the total cumulative gas production in the United States through 1989 (50 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of 698 Tcf). The distribution and character of undiscovered deep gas accumulations can be better understood through the following: (1) Internally sourced hydrocarbons contribute to porosity preservation in some reservoirs at depth in the Anadarko Basin and Rocky Mountain Basins. (2) Measurements of capillary pressure, which are very sensitive to confining stress, suggest that small-pore throats (<0.1 micrometer), common in fine-grained clastic rocks, limit the flow of gas to the well bore. (3) In selected basins of the Rocky Mountain region, structural partitioning prior to thrusting, and sequential breakup of the foreland during the Late Cretaceous and Paleocene may have strongly affected the volume and distribution of deep natural-gas accumulations. (4) In flanking basins of the Mid-continent Rift and the Grand Canyon region, Middle Proterozoic source rocks, active hydrocarbon seeps, and favorable thermal maturities for generating and preserving natural gas, indicate a potential for economic gas accumulations. (5) Methane generation by thermal decomposition of C[sub 15+] hydrocarbons takes place at very high maturation ranks. (6) Significant amounts of carbon dioxide and the presence of hydrogen sulfide indicate that thermochemical sulfate reduction and simultaneous oxidation of hydrocarbons to carbon dioxide may be the dominant control on nonhydrocarbon gas composition in deep carbonate reservoirs. (7) Where geologic information is available concerning known or suspected accumulations of deep gas, a [open quotes]deposit simulation[close quotes] based on a geologic model of reservoir volumes is the most appropriate assessment methodology. 54 refs., 19 figs., 7 tabs.

Dyman, T.S.; Rice, D.D.; Schmoker, J.W.; Wandrey, C.J.; Burruss, R.C.; Crovelli, R.A.; Dolton, G.L.; Hester, T.C.; Keighin, C.W.; Palacas, J.G. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)) (and others)

1993-01-01

208

World Shale Gas Resources: An Initial Assessment of 14 Regions Outside the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The use of horizontal drilling in conjunction with hydraulic fracturing has greatly expanded the ability of producers to profitably produce natural gas from low permeability geologic formations, particularly shale formations. Application of fracturing tec...

2011-01-01

209

Potential for surface gas flux measurements in exploration and surface evaluation of geothermal resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anomalous concentrations of CO2 and, to a lesser extent, CH4 have been detected over many active geothermal systems. The production of these gases, and of N2O, can be affected by both geothermal and biological processes. In this investigation, soil gas and soil-gas fluxes were measured at the Cove Fort-Sulphurdale geothermal field in Utah, which produces steam from both liquid- and

Ronald W Klusman; Joseph N Moore; Michael P LeRoy

2000-01-01

210

Power and resource-saving process for producing syngas from natural gas in methanol production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analysis of methanol production from syngas without feedstock recirculation flowing under constant pressure is carried\\u000a out. Natural gas from Yamal deposits (Russian Federation) is used as feedstock. The catalytic conversion of natural gas to\\u000a syngas is studied experimentally. The kinetic models of the reactions of steam conversion of methane and the model of the\\u000a catalytic reactor for syngas production

E. V. Pisarenko; V. N. Pisarenko

2011-01-01

211

Potential oil and gas resources of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska: 1002 area  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A geologist with extensive experience in the study of northern Alaska's petroleum resources provides an overview of the first comprehensive reassessment of the petroleum potential of section 1002 of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge since the original study of 1987. The paper surveys the region's geology, and provides a description of the methods employed and assessment results. The current resource is compared with that estimated in the original study, and is considerably larger, given the availability of new geologic and geophysical data, improved seismic processing and interpretation capabilities, and changes in the economics of North Slope oil development.

Bird, K. J.

2000-01-01

212

15 CFR 990.45 - Administrative record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Preassessment Phase § 990.45 Administrative record. (a) If trustees...

2013-01-01

213

15 CFR 990.61 - Administrative record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Restoration Implementation Phase § 990.61 Administrative record. (a) Closing...

2013-01-01

214

Atlas of Northern Gulf of Mexico Gas and Oil Reservoirs: Procedures and examples of resource distribution  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the program is to produce a reservoir atlas series of the Gulf of Mexico that (1) classifies and groups offshore oil and gas reservoirs into a series of geologically defined reservoir plays, (2) compiles comprehensive reservoir play information that includes descriptive and quantitative summaries of play characteristics, cumulative production, reserves, original oil and gas in place, and various other engineering and geologic data, (3) provides detailed summaries of representative type reservoirs for each play, and (4) organizes computerized tables of reservoir engineering data into a geographic information system (GIS). The primary product of the program will be an oil and gas atlas series of the offshore Northern Gulf of Mexico and a computerized geographical information system of geologic and engineering data linked to reservoir location.

Seni, S.J.; Finley, R.J.

1995-06-01

215

NPDES permit compliance and enforcement: A resource guide for oil and gas operators  

SciTech Connect

During the fall of 1996, the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission sponsored sessions for government and industry representatives to discuss concerns about the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program under the Clean Water Act. In January 1997, the NPDES Education/Communication/Training Workgroup (ECT Workgroup) was established with co-leaders from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and industry. The ECT Workgroup`s purpose was to develop ideas that would improve communication between NPDES regulators and the oil and gas industry regarding NPDES compliance issues. The Workgroup focused on several areas, including permit compliance monitoring and reporting, enforcement activity and options, and treatment technology. The ECT Workgroup also discussed the need for materials and information to help NPDES regulatory agency personnel understand more about oil and gas industry exploration and extraction operations and treatment processes. This report represents a compendium of the ECT Workgroup`s efforts.

NONE

1998-12-01

216

Hydrogen Resource Assessment: Hydrogen Potential from Coal, Natural Gas, Nuclear, and Hydro Power  

SciTech Connect

This paper estimates the quantity of hydrogen that could be produced from coal, natural gas, nuclear, and hydro power by county in the United States. The study estimates that more than 72 million tonnes of hydrogen can be produced from coal, natural gas, nuclear, and hydro power per year in the country (considering only 30% of their total annual production). The United States consumed about 396 million tonnes of gasoline in 2007; therefore, the report suggests the amount of hydrogen from these sources could displace about 80% of this consumption.

Milbrandt, A.; Mann, M.

2009-02-01

217

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Amu Darya Basin and Afghan-Tajik Basin Provinces, Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, 2011  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated volumes of undiscovered, technically recoverable, conventional petroleum resources for the Amu Darya Basin and Afghan–Tajik Basin Provinces of Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The mean volumes were estimated at 962 million barrels of crude oil, 52 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 582 million barrels of natural gas liquids for the Amu Darya Basin Province and at 946 million barrels of crude oil, 7 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 85 million barrels of natural gas liquids for the Afghan–Tajik Basin Province.

Klett, T. R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Wandrey, Craig J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Cook, Troy A.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.

2012-01-01

218

U. S. oil and gas: the economic realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States still has abundant hydrocarbon resources, and we are not, as the Carter administration thought, running out of oil and gas. But extracting these resources grows progressively more difficult. There is no reason to believe that the 3.4% annual decline in reserve recovery rates, observed in the 1963-1978 period, will reverse itself. If this country's vulnerability to energy

H. A. Merklein; B. A. Asner

1983-01-01

219

Renewable energy development in China: Resource assessment, technology status, and greenhouse gas mitigation potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

China has become the third largest energy user in the world, and its coal-dominated energy structure implies high CO2 emissions. The amount of CO2 emissions from China may surpass that of the United States within 20–30 years, making China the world's largest source of greenhouse gases by 2020.Currently, renewable energy resources (except for hydropower) account for only a fraction of

Yih-huei Wan; James M. Ohi

1997-01-01

220

Impact of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act on Landfill Gas Utilization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A survey was made to determine the number of landfills and their sizes that would be affected by the gas criteria of the RCRA Open Dump Inventory project. The cost-effectiveness of active systems and hybrid systems were also determined for landfills repre...

1983-01-01

221

Greenhouse Emission Reductions and Natural Gas Vehicles: A Resource Guide on Technology Options and Project Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accurate and verifiable emission reductions are a function of the degree of transparency and stringency of the protocols employed in documenting project- or program-associated emissions reductions. The purpose of this guide is to provide a background for law and policy makers, urban planners, and project developers working with the many Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission reduction programs throughout the world to

Orestes Anastasia; NAncy Checklick; Vivianne Couts; Julie Doherty; Jette Findsen; Laura Gehlin; Josh Radoff

2002-01-01

222

18 CFR 2.78 - Utilization and conservation of natural resources-natural gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...monthly bases at the plant site by specific...manufacturing or electric power generation. ...generation of electric power. (4) Firm service...capability. (6) Plant protection gas...to maintain plant production. For the purposes...generation of steam or electricity, including...

2013-04-01

223

Reasons for decision in the matter of Imperial Oil Resources Limited and Boston Gas Company application pursuant to Part VI of the National Energy Board Act for a license to export natural gas: GH-1-99  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the Reasons for Decision in the matter of Hearing Order GH-1-99, heard in Halifax, NS on May 4 and 5, 1999. The proceeding concerns an application for a gas export license from Imperial Oil Resources Ltd. (IORL) and Boston Gas for a proposed export for sale to Boston Gas for the period 1 Nov 1999 to 31 Mar 2007. The natural gas will be produced from the Sable Offshore Energy Project and replace IORL's Alberta natural gas supplies sold to Boston Gas. The document includes a discussion of the market-based procedure used by the Board to assess the merits of an application to obtain a gas export license.

Not Available

1999-01-01

224

Analysis of the conceptions and expectations of students in the courses of pedagogy, administration and human resources about the discipline of science, technology and society  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Provided for the education curricula since 1960, the focus on Science, Technology and Society (STS) has been poorly implemented even until today. Set as a goal to be achieved at all levels of education by 2014, in Brazil it is necessary to undertake specific actions in pursuit of putting into practice what has been stalled over the years in Education. As a result of joint efforts of teachers and students of the Masters in Teaching Science and Mathematics at the Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul comes the challenge of providing a specific discipline dealing with the concepts of STS, offered as a optional special, initially for students of Pedagogy and later, due to the interest of some students, for the course of Administration and Human Resources of this institution. The survey of previous conceptions of students enrolled in the Special Discipline Elective Science, Technology and Society (CTS DOP) on the triad of STS showed a great ignorance on the same theme. The reports reveal conceptions of students who approach the linear model of development. As to the generated expectations in terms of discipline, there stand out the desires of expansion of knowledge for possible applications in personal and professional life. This research aims to evaluate the current course, while identifying ways to improve and strengthen the STS movement in education.

de Souza, Alexandre; de Oliveira Neves, Jobert; Ferreira, Orlando Rodrigues; Lúcia Costa Amaral, Carmem; Delourdes Maciel, Maria; Voelzke, Marcos Rincon; Nascimento, Rômulo Pereira

2012-10-01

225

Energy resources' utilization in organic and conventional vineyards: Energy flow, greenhouse gas emissions and biofuel production  

Microsoft Academic Search

An energy analysis, in conventional and organic vineyards, combined with ethanol production and greenhouse gas emissions, is useful in evaluating present situation and deciding best management strategies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the differences in the energy flow between organic and conventional vineyards in three locations, to calculate CO2, CH4 and N2O-emissions based on the used fossil

Stefanos E. Kavargiris; Andreas P. Mamolos; Constantinos A. Tsatsarelis; Anna E. Nikolaidou; Kiriaki L. Kalburtji

2009-01-01

226

Influence of reservoir heterogeneity on gas resource potential for geologically based infill drilling, Brooks and I-92 reservoirs, Frio Formation, south Texas  

SciTech Connect

Gas resource potential for strategic infill drilling or recompletion in a reservoir can be calculated by subtracting gas volumes derived using the material balance (pressure decline) method from volumes derived using a volumetric method. This resource potential represents remaining gas that is not in communication with existing wells. Frio reservoirs in mature, nonassociated gas plays located downdip from the Vicksburg fault zone are characterized by multiple, vertically stacked sandstones. The Brooks reservoir, in La Gloria field, lies in a fluvial-dominated system that contains dip-elongate channel sandstone belts 1-2 mi wide. Within these belts are six or more vertically stacked channel-fill, point-bar and splay deposits. Depositional environments were interpreted from SP logs. Individual sandstones are separated vertically by thin mudstone layers and pinch out laterally into flood-plain deposits.

Jackson, M.L.W.; Ambrose, W.A. (Bureau of Economic Geology, Austin, TX (USA))

1989-09-01

227

Effect of low dose fentanyl-droperidol administration on respiratory drive, respiratory pattern and gas exchange in ASA 1 spontaneously breathing patients.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the short term effects of low doses of fentanyl and droperidol on central respiratory drive, gas exchanges, respiratory pattern and inspiratory impedance of the respiratory system in a group of ASA 1 patients. Fourteen ASA 1 patients scheduled for minor surgery or endoscopic procedures were enrolled in the study, thirty minutes before the intervention. During spontaneous breathing of air we evaluated, by recording airflow, airway opening pressure and volume, the following variables: Respiratory Rate (RR), Tidal Volume (TV), Total respiratory cycle, Inspiratory and Expiratory Time (Ti, Te), mean inspiratory flow, P0.1, pH, PaO2 and PaCO2. After obtaining basal measurements, droperidol and fentanyl were injected and the above mentioned variables evaluated at 5 min (T1), 10 min (T2), 15 min (T3) intervals. Arterial blood was age, sampled at T3 for blood gas evaluation. The administration of droperidol (0.1 mg/kg) and fentanyl (0.002 mg/kg) significantly reduced P0.1 and Tidal Volume comparing basal with T1 and, T2 values. The other variables did not significantly modify. Two patients showed transient respiratory rhythm abnormalities in the first 180 sec following the administration of droperidol+fentanyl. Our results suggest that, in ASA 1 patients, droperidol+fentanyl preoperative administration, has no significant effects on respiratory pattern, respiratory impedance and gas exchanges: however also at low doses, the association of droperidol+fentanyl can reduce the respiratory center activity, expressed as P0.1, with a consequent reduction in Tidal Volume. PMID:9259872

Pierdominici, S; Conti, G; Scalise, T; Lappa, A; Cristaldi, A; Pelaia, P; Sarcinelli, L

1997-01-01

228

U.S. Geological Survery Oil and Gas Resource Assessment of the Russian Arctic  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed a study of undiscovered petroleum resources in the Russian Arctic as a part of its Circum-Arctic Resource Appraisal (CARA), which comprised three broad areas of work: geological mapping, basin analysis, and quantitative assessment. The CARA was a probabilistic, geologically based study that used existing USGS methodology, modified somewhat for the circumstances of the Arctic. New map compilation was used to identify assessment units. The CARA relied heavily on geological analysis and analog modeling, with numerical input consisting of lognormal distributions of sizes and numbers of undiscovered accumulations. Probabilistic results for individual assessment units were statistically aggregated, taking geological dependencies into account. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funds were used to support the purchase of crucial seismic data collected in the Barents Sea, East Siberian Sea, and Chukchi Sea for use by USGS in its assessment of the Russian Arctic. DOE funds were also used to purchase a commercial study, which interpreted seismic data from the northern Kara Sea, and for geographic information system (GIS) support of USGS mapping of geological features, province boundaries, total petroleum systems, and assessment units used in the USGS assessment.

Donald Gautier; Timothy Klett

2008-12-31

229

ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING MODELS FOR CULTURAL RESOURCES IN OIL AND GAS IN NEW MEXICO AND WYOMING  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a summary of activities of Gnomon, Inc. and five sub-contractors that have taken place during the first six months (January 1, 2003--June 30, 2003) under the DOE-NETL cooperative agreement: ''Adaptive Management and Planning Models for Cultural Resources in Oil & Gas Fields in New Mexico and Wyoming'', DE-FC26-02NT15445. Gnomon, Inc. and all five (5) subcontractors have agreed on a process for the framework of this two-year project. They have also started gathering geomorphological information and entering cultural resource data into databases that will be used to create models later in the project. This data is being gathered in both the Power River Basin of Wyoming, and the Southeastern region of New Mexico. Several meetings were held with key players in this project to explain the purpose of the research, to obtain feedback and to gain support. All activities have been accomplished on time and within budget with no major setbacks.

Peggy Robinson

2003-07-25

230

Basic research opportunities for lasting fuel gas supplies from inorganic resources. Final report 15 Feb 81-28 Feb 82  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-six participants (twenty-five faculty members from U.S. universities and one private consultant) reviewed the status of current research problems relating to the production of fuel gases from inorganic resources using indefinitely sustainable energy sources during a workshop held during the period June 8 to August 14, 1981 at Texas AandM University, College Station, Texas. Photobiological, biomimetic, photochemical, photoelectrochemical, radiolytic and thermochemical pathways leading to the generation of hydrogen from water and hydrogen sulfide, of carbon monoxide and methane from carbon dioxide, and of nitrogen-based fuel gases from atmospheric nitrogen were assessed. The most likely energy sources to drive the endergonic, fuel-producing reactions are solar radiation, and heat and radiation from nuclear reactors. Recommendations at the end of each chapter outline the basic research needed to improve the fuel gas-producing reactions and to provide the basis for developments leading to the practical application of these processes. It was suggested that equal emphasis should be placed on research in photobiology, biomimetic chemistry, photochemistry and photoelectrochemistry pertinent to fuel-gas production. Thermochemical and radiolytic methods appear to deserve less attention at the present time. The report contains 840 literature citations.

Not Available

1982-02-01

231

Assessment of the Mesaverde Total Petroleum System in Southwestern Wyoming Province: a petroleum system approach to assessing undiscovered oil and gas resources  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey, in a recent assessment of the undiscovered oil and gas resources in the Southwestern Wyoming Province using a Total Petroleum System (TPS) approach, estimated a mean of 84.6 trillion cubic feet of gas (TCFG), 131 million barrels of oil (MMBO) and 2.6 billion barrels of natural gas liquids (BBNGL) that have the potential to be added to reserves over the next 30 years. Only a fraction of this, however, may be economically recoverable . Of the total estimate of 84.6 TCFG, a mean of 25.78 TCFG is in continuous-type reservoirs in the Mesaverde TPS. The Mesaverde TPS is defined as all reservoirs predominantly containing gas derived from the Mesaverde Group east of the pinchout of the Lewis Shale, which acts as a top seal separating the Mesaverde TPS from the overlying Lewis TPS. Continuous-type reservoirs in the Mesaverde TPS were subdivided into the Almond Continuous Gas Assessment Unit (AU) (mean of 13.35 TCFG), Rock Springs-Ericson Continuous Gas AU (mean of 12.18 TCFG), and the Mesaverde Coalbed Gas AU (mean of 0.25 TCFG). Geologic analysis was used to determine the favorable ?sweet spots? for potential gas resources. The Almond AU has been heavily explored at depths less than 11,000 ft, thus additions to reserves will most likely be the result of infill drilling in existing fields and the discovery of sweet spots at depths greater than 11,000 ft. There is much uncertainty in the size of undiscovered resource in the Rock Springs-Ericson AU because potential reservoirs are only sparsely explored. Only a small fraction of in-place coal-bed gas is considered to be recoverable because of low permeability and problems posed by produced water.

Johnson, Ronald C.; Finn, Thomas M.

2003-01-01

232

Rural Administrative Leadership Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource book on rural administrative leadership is the result of 1988 interviews with school administrators involved in successful rural educational programs. The material is divided into eight chapters, each self-contained for separate use. Chapter 1, "Getting to Know the Community," addresses qualities of living and working in rural…

Tift, Carolyn

233

Drilling and Production Testing the Methane Hydrate Resource Potential Associated with the Barrow Gas Fields  

SciTech Connect

In November of 2008, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the North Slope Borough (NSB) committed funding to develop a drilling plan to test the presence of hydrates in the producing formation of at least one of the Barrow Gas Fields, and to develop a production surveillance plan to monitor the behavior of hydrates as dissociation occurs. This drilling and surveillance plan was supported by earlier studies in Phase 1 of the project, including hydrate stability zone modeling, material balance modeling, and full-field history-matched reservoir simulation, all of which support the presence of methane hydrate in association with the Barrow Gas Fields. This Phase 2 of the project, conducted over the past twelve months focused on selecting an optimal location for a hydrate test well; design of a logistics, drilling, completion and testing plan; and estimating costs for the activities. As originally proposed, the project was anticipated to benefit from industry activity in northwest Alaska, with opportunities to share equipment, personnel, services and mobilization and demobilization costs with one of the then-active exploration operators. The activity level dropped off, and this benefit evaporated, although plans for drilling of development wells in the BGF's matured, offering significant synergies and cost savings over a remote stand-alone drilling project. An optimal well location was chosen at the East Barrow No.18 well pad, and a vertical pilot/monitoring well and horizontal production test/surveillance well were engineered for drilling from this location. Both wells were designed with Distributed Temperature Survey (DTS) apparatus for monitoring of the hydrate-free gas interface. Once project scope was developed, a procurement process was implemented to engage the necessary service and equipment providers, and finalize project cost estimates. Based on cost proposals from vendors, total project estimated cost is $17.88 million dollars, inclusive of design work, permitting, barging, ice road/pad construction, drilling, completion, tie-in, long-term production testing and surveillance, data analysis and technology transfer. The PRA project team and North Slope have recommended moving forward to the execution phase of this project.

Steve McRae; Thomas Walsh; Michael Dunn; Michael Cook

2010-02-22

234

Allocation of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources to Big South Fork National Recreation Area and Obed Wild and Scenic River, Kentucky and Tennessee.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) estimated volumes of undiscovered oil and gas resources that may underlie Big South Fork National Recreation Area and Obed Wild and Scenic River in Kentucky and Tennessee. Applying the results of existing assessments of u...

C. J. Schenk T. R. Klett R. R. Charpentier T. A. Cook R. M. Pollastro

2006-01-01

235

Prospective oil and gas resources and its relation to potential insurgencies: New insurgency impending in South Eastern Sudan?1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current studies of insurgencies and natural resources usually only take into account the produced\\/proven oil reserves and do not apply the assumption of prospective oil resources. The combination of economic estimation of oil resources, undiscovered hydrocarbon resources and insurgency relating the economic potential within an oil prone area with conflict parameters on a disaggregated level have not yet been

Kristian B. Brandsegg

2007-01-01

236

Renewable resource policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This comprehensive volume covers the history, laws, and important national policies affecting renewable resource management. The author traces the history of renewable natural resource policy and management in the US, describes the major federal agencies and their functions, and examines the evolution of the primary resource policy areas. Renewable Resource Policy provides valuable insight into the often neglected legal administrative,

1993-01-01

237

Managing Time: An Administrator's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a brief discussion of the concept of time as a resource and a clarification of that resource's importance, the author analyzes 20 ways administrators waste time and 40 ways administrators can save time. None of the techniques suggested require special forms or training. The time wasters considered fall into the areas of personal…

Neal, Richard G.

238

EPA releases draft greenhouse gas emissions estimate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite its low-key release, this will be a vital document for utility and government policymakers nationwide: EPA officials told the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee June 29 that this report, once finalized, will be the baseline used by the Clinton administration to meet the president`s pledge of cutting US greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2000. The report,

Wamsted

1993-01-01

239

A Methodology for the Assessment of Unconventional (Continuous) Resources with an Application to the Greater Natural Buttes Gas Field, Utah  

SciTech Connect

The Greater Natural Buttes tight natural gas field is an unconventional (continuous) accumulation in the Uinta Basin, Utah, that began production in the early 1950s from the Upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group. Three years later, production was extended to the Eocene Wasatch Formation. With the exclusion of 1100 non-productive ('dry') wells, we estimate that the final recovery from the 2500 producing wells existing in 2007 will be about 1.7 trillion standard cubic feet (TSCF) (48.2 billion cubic meters (BCM)). The use of estimated ultimate recovery (EUR) per well is common in assessments of unconventional resources, and it is one of the main sources of information to forecast undiscovered resources. Each calculated recovery value has an associated drainage area that generally varies from well to well and that can be mathematically subdivided into elemental subareas of constant size and shape called cells. Recovery per 5-acre cells at Greater Natural Buttes shows spatial correlation; hence, statistical approaches that ignore this correlation when inferring EUR values for untested cells do not take full advantage of all the information contained in the data. More critically, resulting models do not match the style of spatial EUR fluctuations observed in nature. This study takes a new approach by applying spatial statistics to model geographical variation of cell EUR taking into account spatial correlation and the influence of fractures. We applied sequential indicator simulation to model non-productive cells, while spatial mapping of cell EUR was obtained by applying sequential Gaussian simulation to provide multiple versions of reality (realizations) having equal chances of being the correct model. For each realization, summation of EUR in cells not drained by the existing wells allowed preparation of a stochastic prediction of undiscovered resources, which range between 2.6 and 3.4 TSCF (73.6 and 96.3 BCM) with a mean of 2.9 TSCF (82.1 BCM) for Greater Natural Buttes. A second approach illustrates the application of multiple-point simulation to assess a hypothetical frontier area for which there is no production information but which is regarded as being similar to Greater Natural Buttes.

Olea, Ricardo A., E-mail: olea@usgs.gov [U.S. Geological Survey (United States); Cook, Troy A. [Denver Federal Center (United States); Coleman, James L. [U.S. Geological Survey (United States)

2010-12-15

240

On the resource evaluation of marine gas hydrate deposits using sea-floor transient electric dipole-dipole methods  

SciTech Connect

Methane hydrates are solid, nonstoichiometric mixtures of water and the gas methane. The depth extent and stability of the hydrate zone is governed by the phase diagram for mixtures of methane and hydrate and determined by ambient pressures and temperatures. The base of the hydrate zone is a phase boundary between solid hydrate and free gas and water. It stands out on seismic sections as a bright reflection. The diffuse upper boundary is not as well marked so that the total mass of hydrate is not determined easily by seismic alone. The addition of electrical data, collected with a seafloor transient electric dipole-dipole system, can aid in the evaluation of the resource. Two exploration scenarios are investigated through numerical modeling. In the first, a very simple example illustrating some of the fundamental characteristics of the electrical response, most of the properties of the section including the probable, regional thickness of the hydrate zone (200 m) are assumed known from seismic and spot drilling. In the second example, less information is assumed available a priori and the complementary electrical survey is required to find both the thickness and the hydrate content in a hydrate zone about 200 m thick beneath the sea floor containing 20 and 40% hydrate in the available pore space, respectively. A linear eigenfunction analysis reveals that for these two models, the total mass of hydrate, the product of hydrate content and thickness, may be estimated to an accuracy of about 3{epsilon}% given measurements of traveltime to an accuracy of {epsilon}% over a range of separations from 100 to 1300 m. Based on these data, the author suggests that the value of {epsilon} may be of the order of 3%.

Edwards, R.N. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Physics

1997-01-01

241

Development and Demonstration of Mobile, Small Footprint Exploration and Development Well System for Arctic Unconventional Gas Resources (ARCGAS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, oil and gas field technology development in Alaska has focused on the high-cost, high-productivity oil and gas fields of the North Slope and Cook Inlet, with little or no attention given to Alaska's numerous shallow, unconventional gas reservoirs (carbonaceous shales, coalbeds, tight gas sands). This is because the high costs associated with utilizing the existing conventional oil and gas

Paul Glavinovich

2002-01-01

242

Greenhouse gas impacts of declining hydrocarbon resource quality: Depletion, dynamics, and process emissions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation explores the environmental and economic impacts of the transition to hydrocarbon substitutes for conventional petroleum (SCPs). First, mathematical models of oil depletion are reviewed, including the Hubbert model, curve-fitting methods, simulation models, and economic models. The benefits and drawbacks of each method are outlined. I discuss the predictive value of the models and our ability to determine if one model type works best. I argue that forecasting oil depletion without also including substitution with SCPs results in unrealistic projections of future energy supply. I next use information theoretic techniques to test the Hubbert model of oil depletion against five other asymmetric and symmetric curve-fitting models using data from 139 oil producing regions. I also test the assumptions that production curves are symmetric and that production is more bell-shaped in larger regions. Results show that if symmetry is enforced, Gaussian production curves perform best, while if asymmetry is allowed, asymmetric exponential models prove most useful. I also find strong evidence for asymmetry: production declines are consistently less steep than inclines. In order to understand the impacts of oil depletion on GHG emissions, I developed the Regional Optimization Model for Emissions from Oil Substitutes (ROMEO). ROMEO is an economic optimization model of investment and production of fuels. Results indicate that incremental emissions (with demand held constant) from SCPs could be 5-20 GtC over the next 50 years. These results are sensitive to the endowment of conventional oil and not sensitive to a carbon tax. If demand can vary, total emissions could decline under a transition because the higher cost of SCPs lessens overall fuel consumption. Lastly, I study the energetic and environmental characteristics of the in situ conversion process, which utilizes electricity to generate liquid hydrocarbons from oil shale. I model the energy inputs and outputs from the ICP use them to calculate the GHG emissions from the ICP. Energy outputs (as refined liquid fuel) range from 1.2 to 1.6 times the total primary energy inputs. Well-to-tank greenhouse gas emissions range from 30.6 to 37.1 gCeq./MJ of final fuel delivered, 21 to 47% larger than those from conventionally produced petroleum-based fuels.

Brandt, Adam Robert

243

Rethinking resources  

SciTech Connect

We class energy and mineral resources as finite because we are reasonably certain that they do not form at a rate remotely approaching man`s rate of use. We have certain environments of the earth that have limits in carrying capacity, and we presume that the global environment does as well. These facts and presumptions, coupled with anxieties over growth in population and consumption, have posed pictures of impending catastrophe from Malthus through the Club of Rome and currently, among certain advocates of what is called sustainable development. To avoid future calamity, command and control management of resource use is urged by many. But, quite simply, such management would presume a wisdom that historical experience suggests does not exist. As a recent example, consider natural gas resources. A decade and a half ago, the resource base of natural gas in the United States was judged to be near exhaustion. Estimates of remaining resources by governmental agencies, academicians, and several major energy companies indicated the ultimate resource would be at about 100 tcf today, with essential depletion by the end of the century. Such was the near universal wisdom that compelled Congress to enact legislation to outright prohibit certain use of natural gas. Today, after nearly eight years of gas supply in excess of demand and with entirely new appreciation of the impact of technology, estimates of the remaining gas resource by industry, government, and others are an order of magnitude greater than those made just 15 yr ago, and the same government that then sought to husband a resource presumed to be near depletion now aggressively promotes its use and consumption. Limits to resources and limits to environmental carrying capacity do indeed exist, but we have yet to define those limits and the paths thereto.

Fisher, W.L. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1994-09-01

244

Oscillatory measurements, blood gas analysis and clinical observations after intravenous clenbuterol administration in healthy and acutely pneumonic calves  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of clenbuterol (Ventipulmin, Boehringer Ingelheim) on respiratory functions were investigated in 6 calves aged 4–6 weeks prior to and after experimental infection withPasteurella haemolytica A1. On days 1–3 (prior to infection) and on days 7–9 (after infection), blood gas analysis, monofrequency forced oscillation techniques and clinical examinations (heart rate, respiratory rate) were conducted for 135 min after the

P. Reinhold

1993-01-01

245

Changes in greenhouse gas balance and resource demand of biogas plants in southern Germany after a period of three years.  

PubMed

For five agricultural biogas plants with a high share of energy crops in the input material, a detailed balance of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and cumulated energy demand (CED) was calculated for the years 2007 and 2010. The results vary considerably between plants and over time. In 2010 compared with 2007, all of the five biogas plants reduced their impact on climate change and four of them also reduced their consumption of fossil energy. The strongest influence was from the enhanced utilization of surplus heat energy, whereas variations of environmental impact due to direct emissions from the biogas plants were less distinctive. Compared with a reference system based on fossil resources, electricity production in the biogas plants avoided GHG emissions of 603 g to 940 g carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2-eq)•kilowatt hours electrical energy (kWhel (-1)) and saved 2.48 to 3.23 kilowatt hours primary energy from fossil energy carriers (kWhfossil)•kWhel (-1) CED (results for 2010). PMID:23129609

Bachmaier, Hans; Effenberger, Mathias; Gronauer, Andreas; Boxberger, Josef

2012-11-05

246

Life cycle energy use and greenhouse gas emission analysis for a water resource recovery facility in India.  

PubMed

This paper quantifies life cycle energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs) in India versus water quality improvements achieved from infrastructure investments. A first such analysis is conducted using operating data for a WRRF, which employs upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors and oxidation. On-site operations energy use, process GHG emissions, and embodied energy in infrastructure were quantified. The analysis showed energy use and GHG emissions of 0.2 watt-hours (Wh) and 0.3 gram carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalents per liter (gCO2e/L) wastewater treated, and 1.3 Wh and 2.1 gCO2e/gBOD removed, achieving 81% biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and 999% fecal coliform removal annually. Process emissions of WRRFs contributed 44% of life cycle GHG emissions, similar in magnitude to those from electricity (46%), whereas infrastructure contributed 10%. Average WRRF-associated GHG emissions (0.9gCO2e/L) were lower than those expected if untreated wastewater was released to the river. Investments made by WRRFs in developing world cities improve water quality and may mitigate overall GHG emissions. PMID:23944144

Miller-Robbie, Leslie; Ramaswami, Anu; Kumar, Prasanna

2013-07-01

247

Total petroleum systems and geologic assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the San Juan Basin Province, exclusive of Paleozoic rocks, New Mexico and Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2002, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) estimated undiscovered oil and gas resources that have the potential for additions to reserves in the San Juan Basin Province, New Mexico and Colorado. Paleozoic rocks were not appraised. The last oil and gas assessment for the province was in 1995. There are several important differences between the 1995 and 2002 assessments. The area assessed is smaller than that in the 1995 assessment. This assessment of undiscovered hydrocarbon resources in the San Juan Basin Province also used a slightly different approach in the assessment, and hence a number of the plays defined in the 1995 assessment are addressed differently in this report. After 1995, the USGS has applied a total petroleum system (TPS) concept to oil and gas basin assessments. The TPS approach incorporates knowledge of the source rocks, reservoir rocks, migration pathways, and time of generation and expulsion of hydrocarbons; thus the assessments are geologically based. Each TPS is subdivided into one or more assessment units, usually defined by a unique set of reservoir rocks, but which have in common the same source rock. Four TPSs and 14 assessment units were geologically evaluated, and for 13 units, the undiscovered oil and gas resources were quantitatively assessed.

U.S. Geological Survey San Juan Basin Assessment Team

2013-01-01

248

Resource and hazard implications of gas hydrates in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: Results of the 2009 Joint Industry Project Leg II Drilling Expedition  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In the 1970's, Russian scientists were the first to suggest that gas hydrates, a crystalline solid of water and natural gas, and a historical curiosity to physical chemists, should occur in abundance in the natural environment. Since this early start, the scientific foundation has been built for the realization that gas hydrates are a global phenomenon, occurring in permafrost regions of the arctic and in deep water portions of most continental margins worldwide. Recent field testing programs in the Arctic (Dallimore et al., 2008; Yamamoto and Dallimore, 2008) have indicated that natural gas can be produced from gas hydrate accumulations, particularly when housed in sand-rich sediments, with existing conventional oil and gas production technology (Collett et al., 2008) and preparations are now being made for the first marine field production tests (Masuda et al., 2009). Beyond a future energy resource, gas hydrates in some settings may represent a geohazard. Other studies also indicate that methane released to the atmosphere from destabilized gas hydrates may have contributed to global climate change in the past.

Collett, Timothy S.; Boswell, Ray

2012-01-01

249

Nonassociated gas resources in low-permeability sandstone reservoirs, lower tertiary Wasatch Formation, and upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group, Uinta Basin, Utah  

SciTech Connect

The US Geological Survey recognizes six major plays for nonassociated gas in Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous low-permeability strata of the Uinta Basin, Utah. For purposes of this study, plays without gas/water contacts are separated from those with such contacts. Continuous-saturation accumulations are essentially single fields, so large in areal extent and so heterogeneous that their development cannot be properly modeled as field growth. Fields developed in gas-saturated plays are not restricted to structural or stratigraphic traps and they are developed in any structural position where permeability conduits occur such as that provided by natural open fractures. Other fields in the basin have gas/water contacts and the rocks are water-bearing away from structural culmination`s. The plays can be assigned to two groups. Group 1 plays are those in which gas/water contacts are rare to absent and the strata are gas saturated. Group 2 plays contain reservoirs in which both gas-saturated strata and rocks with gas/water contacts seem to coexist. Most units in the basin that have received a Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) designation as tight are in the main producing areas and are within Group 1 plays. Some rocks in Group 2 plays may not meet FERC requirements as tight reservoirs. However, we suggest that in the Uinta Basin that the extent of low-permeability rocks, and therefore resources, extends well beyond the limits of current FERC designated boundaries for tight reservoirs. Potential additions to gas reserves from gas-saturated tight reservoirs in the Tertiary Wasatch Formation and Cretaceous Mesaverde Group in the Uinta Basin, Utah is 10 TCF. If the potential additions to reserves in strata in which both gas-saturated and free water-bearing rocks exist are added to those of Group 1 plays, the volume is 13 TCF.

Fouch, T.D.; Schmoker, J.W.; Boone, L.E.; Wandrey, C.J.; Crovelli, R.A.; Butler, W.C.

1994-08-01

250

Oral administration of dehydroepiandrosterone to healthy men: alteration of the urinary androgen profile and consequences for the detection of abuse in sport by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.  

PubMed

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) replacement therapy as compensation for high age-related decline of DHEA and DHEA sulfate production is a matter of intense investigation, since many beneficial effects have been proven, or are suggested and expected. Therefore, DHEA abuse by athletes has been considered by the International Olympic Committee, which banned the substance recently. As DHEA for oral supplementation is easily available, we decided to investigate the effect on the urinary androgen profile of administration along this route of a single substitution dose of 50 mg. Quantitative analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with selected ion monitoring demonstrated that the drug was readily absorbed with 50 to 75% recovery of dosing after 24 h, and with glucuro- and sulfoconjugates of DHEA, androsterone, and etiocholanolone as the most abundant metabolites. In agreement with reported data found in blood, conversion of exogenous DHEA to the principal biologically active androgen, testosterone, was low but proven to be real by the administration of deuterium-labeled DHEA and the subsequent identification and quantification of deuterium-labeled testosterone. A concentration threshold of 300 micrograms/L of DHEA glucuronide is proposed for the screening of DHEA abuse in sport, but a single replacement dose can only be detected during 8 h. Such a short detection period is the consequence of considerable first-pass hepatic metabolism and also of the high interindividual variability of circulating and urinary DHEA and DHEA sulfate concentrations. PMID:9516717

Dehennin, L; Ferry, M; Lafarge, P; Pérčs, G; Lafarge, J P

1998-02-01

251

Geologic assessment of undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources--Middle Eocene Claiborne Group, United States part of the Gulf of Mexico Basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Middle Eocene Claiborne Group was assessed using established U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) assessment methodology for undiscovered conventional hydrocarbon resources as part of the 2007 USGS assessment of Paleogene-Neogene strata of the United States part of the Gulf of Mexico Basin including onshore and State waters. The assessed area is within the Upper Jurassic-Cretaceous-Tertiary Composite total petroleum system, which was defined as part of the assessment. Source rocks for Claiborne oil accumulations are interpreted to be organic-rich downdip shaley facies of the Wilcox Group and the Sparta Sand of the Claiborne Group; gas accumulations may have originated from multiple sources including the Jurassic Smackover and Haynesville Formations and Bossier Shale, the Cretaceous Eagle Ford and Pearsall(?) Formations, and the Paleogene Wilcox Group and Sparta Sand. Hydrocarbon generation in the basin started prior to deposition of Claiborne sediments and is ongoing at present. Emplacement of hydrocarbons into Claiborne reservoirs has occurred primarily via vertical migration along fault systems; long-range lateral migration also may have occurred in some locations. Primary reservoir sands in the Claiborne Group include, from oldest to youngest, the Queen City Sand, Cook Mountain Formation, Sparta Sand, Yegua Formation, and the laterally equivalent Cockfield Formation. Hydrocarbon traps dominantly are rollover anticlines associated with growth faults; salt structures and stratigraphic traps also are important. Sealing lithologies probably are shaley facies within the Claiborne and in the overlying Jackson Group. A geologic model, supported by spatial analysis of petroleum geology data including discovered reservoir depths, thicknesses, temperatures, porosities, permeabilities, and pressures, was used to divide the Claiborne Group into seven assessment units (AU) with distinctive structural and depositional settings. The AUs include (1) Lower Claiborne Stable Shelf Gas and Oil (50470120), (2) Lower Claiborne Expanded Fault Zone Gas (50470121), (3) Lower Claiborne Slope and Basin Floor Gas (50470122), (4) Lower Claiborne Cane River (50470123), (5) Upper Claiborne Stable Shelf Gas and Oil (50470124), (6) Upper Claiborne Expanded Fault Zone Gas (50470125), and (7) Upper Claiborne Slope and Basin Floor Gas (50470126). Total estimated mean undiscovered conventional hydrocarbon resources in the seven assessment units combined are 52 million barrels of oil, 19.145 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1.205 billion barrels of natural gas liquids. A recurring theme that emerged from the evaluation of the seven Claiborne AUs is that the great bulk of undiscovered hydrocarbon resources comprise non-associated gas and condensate contained in deep (mostly >12,000 feet), overpressured, structurally complex outer shelf or slope and basin floor reservoirs. The continuing development of these downdip objectives is expected to be the primary focus of exploration activity for the onshore Middle Eocene Gulf Coast in the coming decades.

Hackley, Paul C.

2012-01-01

252

Resource Characterization and Quantification of Natural Gas-Hydrate and Associated Free-Gas Accumulations in the Prudhoe Bay - Kuparuk River Area on the North Slope of Alaska  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural gas hydrates have long been considered a nuisance by the petroleum industry. Hydrates have been hazards to drilling crews, with blowouts a common occurrence if not properly accounted for in drilling plans. In gas pipelines, hydrates have formed plugs if gas was not properly dehydrated. Removing these plugs has been an expensive and time-consuming process. Recently, however, due to

Shirish Patil; Abhijit Dandekar

2008-01-01

253

Battery-Powered Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Resource for Project Development  

SciTech Connect

The transportation sector accounts for a large and growing share of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Worldwide, motor vehicles emit well over 900 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year, accounting for more than 15 percent of global fossil fuel-derived CO2 emissions.1 In the industrialized world alone, 20-25 percent of GHG emissions come from the transportation sector. The share of transport-related emissions is growing rapidly due to the continued increase in transportation activity.2 In 1950, there were only 70 million cars, trucks, and buses on the world’s roads. By 1994, there were about nine times that number, or 630 million vehicles. Since the early 1970s, the global fleet has been growing at a rate of 16 million vehicles per year. This expansion has been accompanied by a similar growth in fuel consumption.3 If this kind of linear growth continues, by the year 2025 there will be well over one billion vehicles on the world’s roads.4 In a response to the significant growth in transportation-related GHG emissions, governments and policy makers worldwide are considering methods to reverse this trend. However, due to the particular make-up of the transportation sector, regulating and reducing emissions from this sector poses a significant challenge. Unlike stationary fuel combustion, transportation-related emissions come from dispersed sources. Only a few point-source emitters, such as oil/natural gas wells, refineries, or compressor stations, contribute to emissions from the transportation sector. The majority of transport-related emissions come from the millions of vehicles traveling the world’s roads. As a result, successful GHG mitigation policies must find ways to target all of these small, non-point source emitters, either through regulatory means or through various incentive programs. To increase their effectiveness, policies to control emissions from the transportation sector often utilize indirect means to reduce emissions, such as requiring specific technology improvements or an increase in fuel efficiency. Site-specific project activities can also be undertaken to help decrease GHG emissions, although the use of such measures is less common. Sample activities include switching to less GHG-intensive vehicle options, such as electric vehicles (EVs) or hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). As emissions from transportation activities continue to rise, it will be necessary to promote both types of abatement activities in order to reverse the current emissions path. This Resource Guide focuses on site- and project-specific transportation activities. .

National Energy Technology Laboratory

2002-07-31

254

Development of Electrolysis System Powered by Solar-Cell Array to Supply Hydrogen Gas for Fuel-Cell Energy Resource Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The huge demand of energy worldwide and the depletion of fossil based energy, is a strong reason to rapidly develop any kind of renewable energy resources, which has economical advantages and zero pollution effect. One of the renewable energy technologies aimed in this paper is the generation of electric-energy based on fuel-cell technology, where the input hydrogen (H2) gas is

Purnomo Sidi Priambodo; Feri Yusivar; Aries Subiantoro; Ridwan Gunawan

2009-01-01

255

Scraping the bottom of the barrel: greenhouse gas emission consequences of a transition to low-quality and synthetic petroleum resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate uncertainties about conventional petroleum resources and substitutes for conventional petroleum, focusing on\\u000a the impact of these uncertainties on future greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We use examples from the IPCC Special Report on\\u000a Emissions Scenarios as a baseline for comparison. The studied uncertainties include, (1) uncertainty in emissions factors\\u000a for petroleum substitutes, (2) uncertainties resulting from poor knowledge of

Adam R. Brandt; Alexander E. Farrell

2007-01-01

256

Chapter 2: 2003 Geologic Assessment of Undiscovered Conventional Oil and Gas Resources in the Upper Cretaceous Navarro and Taylor Groups, Western Gulf Province, Texas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Upper Cretaceous Navarro and Taylor Groups in the western part of the Western Gulf Province were assessed for undiscovered oil and gas resources in 2003. The area is part of the Smackover-Austin-Eagle Ford Composite Total Petroleum System. The rocks consist of, from youngest to oldest, the Escondido and Olmos Formations of the Navarro Group and the San Miguel Formation and the Anacacho Limestone of the Taylor Group (as well as the undivided Navarro Group and Taylor Group). Some units of the underlying Austin Group, including the 'Dale Limestone' (a term of local usage that describes a subsurface unit), were also part of the assessment in some areas. Within the total petroleum system, the primary source rocks comprise laminated carbonate mudstones and marine shales of the Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation, mixed carbonate and bioclastic deposits of the Upper Cretaceous Eagle Ford Group, and shelf carbonates of the Upper Cretaceous Austin Group. Possible secondary source rocks comprise the Upper Jurassic Bossier Shale and overlying shales within the Upper Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous Cotton Valley Group, Lower Cretaceous marine rocks, and the Upper Cretaceous Taylor Group. Oil and gas were generated in the total petroleum system at different times because of variations in depth of burial, geothermal gradient, lithology, and organic-matter composition. A burial-history reconstruction, based on data from one well in the eastern part of the study area (Jasper County, Tex.), indicated that (1) the Smackover generated oil from about 117 to 103 million years ago (Ma) and generated gas from about 52 to 41 Ma and (2) the Austin and Eagle Ford Groups generated oil from about 42 to 28 Ma and generated gas from about 14 Ma to the present. From the source rocks, oil and gas migrated upsection and updip along a pervasive system of faults and fractures as well as along bedding planes and within sandstone units. Types of traps include stratigraphic pinchouts, folds, faulted folds, and combinations of these. Seals consist of interbedded shales and mudstones and diagenetic cementation. The area assessed is divided into five assessment units (AUs): (1) Travis Volcanic Mounds Oil (AU 50470201), (2) Uvalde Volcanic Mounds Gas and Oil (AU 50470202), (3) Navarro-Taylor Updip Oil and Gas (AU 50470203), (4) Navarro-Taylor Downdip Gas and Oil (AU 50470204), and (5) Navarro-Taylor Slope-Basin Gas (AU 50470205). Total estimated mean undiscovered conventional resources in the five assessment units combined are 33.22 million barrels of oil, 1,682.80 billion cubic feet of natural gas, and 34.26 million barrels of natural gas liquids.

Condon, S. M.; Dyman, T. S.

2006-01-01

257

Executive Summary -- assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the San Joaquin Basin Province of California, 2003: Chapter 1 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) completed an assessment of the oil and gas resource potential of the San Joaquin Basin Province of California (fig. 1.1). The assessment is based on the geologic elements of each Total Petroleum System defined in the province, including hydrocarbon source rocks (source-rock type and maturation and hydrocarbon generation and migration), reservoir rocks (sequence stratigraphy and petrophysical properties), and hydrocarbon traps (trap formation and timing). Using this geologic framework, the USGS defined five total petroleum systems and ten assessment units within these systems. Undiscovered oil and gas resources were quantitatively estimated for the ten assessment units (table 1.1). In addition, the potential was estimated for further growth of reserves in existing oil fields of the San Joaquin Basin.

Gautier, Donald L.; Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Peters, Kenneth E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Lillis, Paul G.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; French, Christopher D.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

258

Lands and natural resources  

SciTech Connect

The Tenth Circuit has historically played a major role in the development of Indian law. Among the court's numerous decisions affecting Indians were those involving the standard of proof in cases seeking to disestablish Indian reservations, the duty owed by the Secretary of the Interior to the Indians in the administration of oil and gas leasing on Indian lands, the effect of state gas price control acts on Indian royalties, the necessary standard of compliance with acts allowing non-Indians to obtain interests in Indian real property, the conflict between Indian sovereign immunity and the Federal Rule of Civil Procedure requiring joinder of all necessary parties to an action, and the Indians' power to tax non-Indians who develop the Indians' natural resources. Additionally, this article discusses the enforcement power of Federal Energy Regulatory Commission under the Natural Gas Act; the construction of oil and gas operating agreements as to deep geologic horizons; and finally, the consequences of conveyancing real property when a predecessor in interest has suffered due process violations in the form of defective tax sales or condemnation proceedings.

Sorensen, A.K.

1985-01-01

259

Energy Carriers Use in the World: Natural Gas - Conventional and Unconventional Gas Resources / Wykorzystanie No?ników Energii w ?wiecie: Zasoby Gazu Ziemnego w Z?o?ach Konwencjonalnych i Niekonwencjonalnych  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses forecasts of energy carrier use with particular emphasis on the changing position of natural gas due to global climatic conditions and the increasing role of unconventional natural gas reservoirs. Allocation of natural gas resources in the world are discussed as well as global gas consumption and conditions for development of transport infrastructure and storage. The most important indicators of the energy security of countries are presented. The basic properties of unconventional deposits, and differences in the production/extraction of gas from the conventional and unconventional fields are given. In the paper are also discussed natural gas reserves in Poland, including possible non-conventional resources in the fields and issues of increasing the role of gas as an energy carrier in Poland in the background of the energy changes in Europe and the world. W pracy omówiono prognozy energetyczne wykorzystania energii ze szczególnym uwzgl?dnieniem zmieniaj?cej si? pozycji gazu ziemnego z uwagi na uwarunkowania klimatyczne oraz wzrastaj?c? role niekonwencjonalnych z?ó? gazu ziemnego. Omówiono alokacj? zasobów gazu ziemnego w ?wiecie, zu?ycie gazu w regionach oraz warunki rozbudowy infrastruktury transportu i magazynowania. Przedstawiono najwa?niejsze wska?niki dotycz?ce bezpiecze?stwa energetycznego krajów. Omówiono podstawowe w?asno?ci z?ó? niekonwencjonalnych oraz ró?nice w charakterze wydobycia gazu ze z?ó? konwencjonalnych i niekonwencjonalnych. Omówiono zasoby gazu w Polsce, w tym mo?liwe zasoby w z?o?ach niekonwencjonalnych oraz zagadnienia zwi?kszenia roli gazu jako no?nika energii w Polsce w tle energetycznych zmian Europy i ?wiata.

Siemek, Jakub; Nagy, Stanis?aw

2012-11-01

260

CO2 storage resources, reserves, and reserve growth: Toward a methodology for integrated assessment of the storage capacity of oil and gas reservoirs and saline formations  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geologically based methodologies to assess the possible volumes of subsurface CO2 storage must apply clear and uniform definitions of resource and reserve concepts to each assessment unit (AU). Application of the current state of knowledge of geologic, hydrologic, geochemical, and geophysical parameters (contingencies) that control storage volume and injectivity allows definition of the contingent resource (CR) of storage. The parameters known with the greatest certainty are based on observations on known traps (KTs) within the AU that produced oil, gas, and water. The aggregate volume of KTs within an AU defines the most conservation volume of contingent resource. Application of the concept of reserve growth to CR volume provides a logical path for subsequent reevaluation of the total resource as knowledge of CO2 storage processes increases during implementation of storage projects. Increased knowledge of storage performance over time will probably allow the volume of the contingent resource of storage to grow over time, although negative growth is possible. ?? 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Burruss, R. C.

2009-01-01

261

Expanding the Resource Concept: The Resource School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described are the administrative procedures, personnel training, curriculum modifications, evaluation schema, and cost involved in the conversion of a school district special education program to a resource elementary school model. (Author)

Affleck, James Q.; And Others

1973-01-01

262

Handbook To Facilitate Faculty Awareness of Library Resources and Services: One Library's Initial Response to the College of Business Administration's Search for AACSB Accreditation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Created by the College of Business Administration (COBA) and the libraries of the University of Northern Colorado, this 1988-89 handbook was part of a strategic plan to achieve initial accreditation by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB). Constructed by the reference librarian who works directly with COBA, the handbook…

Earle, Katherine Weeks

263

Comparing the risk profiles of renewable and natural gas electricity contracts: A summary of the California Department of Water Resources contracts  

SciTech Connect

Electricity markets in the United States have witnessed unprecedented instability over the last few years, with substantial volatility in wholesale market prices, significant financial distress among major industry organizations, and unprecedented legal, regulatory and legislative activity. These events demonstrate the considerable risks that exist in the electricity industry. Recent industry instability also illustrates the need for thoughtful resource planning to balance the cost, reliability, and risk of the electricity supplied to end-use customers. In balancing different supply options, utilities, regulators, and other resource planners must consider the unique risk profiles of each generating source. This paper evaluates the relative risk profiles of renewable and natural gas generating plants. The risks that exist in the electricity industry depend in part on the technologies that are used to generate electricity. Natural gas has become the fuel of choice for new power plant additions in the United States. To some, this emphasis on a single fuel source signals the potential for increased risk. Renewable generation sources, on the other hand, are frequently cited as a potent source of socially beneficial risk reduction relative to natural gas-fired generation. Renewable generation is not risk free, however, and also imposes certain costs on the electricity sector. This paper specifically compares the allocation and mitigation of risks in long-term natural gas-fired electricity contracts with the allocation and mitigation of these same risks in long-term renewable energy contracts. This comparison highlights some of the key differences between renewable and natural gas generation that decision makers should consider when making electricity investment and contracting decisions. Our assessment is relevant in both regulated and restructured markets. In still-regulated markets, the audience for this report clearly includes regulators and the utilities they regulate. In restructured markets, the role of regulatory oversight of resource planning is more limited. Nonetheless, even in restructured markets, it is increasingly recognized that regulators have a critical role to play in directing the resource planning of providers of last resort--electric suppliers that provide service to those customers who choose not to switch to a competitive supplier. Our review of electricity contracts may also have educational value for those unfamiliar with the typical contents of these agreements. Details of our findings are provided in the body of the paper, but this summary is written to provide a concise alternative to reading the full report.

Bachrach, Devra; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Golove, William

2003-03-12

264

Executive summary--2002 assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the San Juan Basin Province, exclusive of Paleozoic rocks, New Mexico and Colorado: Chapter 1 in Total petroleum systems and geologic assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the San Juan Basin Province, exclusive of Paleozoic rocks, New Mexico and Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2002, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) estimated undiscovered oil and gas resources that have the potential for additions to reserves in the San Juan Basin Province (5022), New Mexico and Colorado (fig. 1). Paleozoic rocks were not appraised. The last oil and gas assessment for the province was in 1995 (Gautier and others, 1996). There are several important differences between the 1995 and 2002 assessments. The area assessed is smaller than that in the 1995 assessment. This assessment of undiscovered hydrocarbon resources in the San Juan Basin Province also used a slightly different approach in the assessment, and hence a number of the plays defined in the 1995 assessment are addressed differently in this report. After 1995, the USGS has applied a total petroleum system (TPS) concept to oil and gas basin assessments. The TPS approach incorporates knowledge of the source rocks, reservoir rocks, migration pathways, and time of generation and expulsion of hydrocarbons; thus the assessments are geologically based. Each TPS is subdivided into one or more assessment units, usually defined by a unique set of reservoir rocks, but which have in common the same source rock. Four TPSs and 14 assessment units were geologically evaluated, and for 13 units, the undiscovered oil and gas resources were quantitatively assessed.

U.S. Geological Survey San Juan Basin Assessment Team

2013-01-01

265

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the San Juan Basin Province of New Mexico and Colorado, 2002  

SciTech Connect

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 50.6 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas (TCFG), a mean of 19 million barrels of undiscovered oil, and a mean of 148 million barrels of natural gas liquids in the San Juan Basin Province. Of the 50.6 TCFG of undiscovered gas at the mean, about 29.2 TCFG is estimated to be in the Fruitland Total Petroleum System; 80 percent of this 29.2 TCFG (23.5 TCFG) is Fruitland TPS coal-bed gas. 1 fig., 1 tab.

NONE

2002-11-15

266

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the southern Siberian craton (Baykit High, Nepa--Botuoba High, Angara--Lena Terrace, and Cis--Patom Foredeep Provinces), Russia, 2011  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated volumes of undiscovered, technically recoverable, conventional petroleum resources for the southern Siberian craton provinces of Russia. The mean volumes were estimated at 3.0 billion barrels of crude oil, 63.3 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1.2 billion barrels of natural gas liquids.

Klett, T. R.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Wandrey, Craig J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Cook, Troy A.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.

2012-01-01

267

Method for estimation of the average local working temperatures and the residual resource of metal coatings of gas-turbine blades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new method is proposed for estimation of the average local operating temperatures and the residual service life (resource) of protective MCrAlY metal coatings of gas-turbine blades after a certain time of operation on the basis of experimental data on the residual content of aluminum in the coating of a blade and/or the width of its first depletion zone. A physical and a mathematical model of the processes of oxidation and diffusion of aluminum in the coating-blade alloy system, accounting for the kinetics of formation of the diffusion zone, are presented. Results of calculation of the local working temperatures and the residual resource of the coating of a blade at local points along the outline of the blade cross section by the method proposed with the use of data on the width of the first depletion zone are given.

Krukovskii, P. G.; Tadlya, K. A.

2007-05-01

268

Gas Field of the Lithosphere and Possibilities of the Use of Adsorbed Gases in Rocks in Prospecting for Mineral Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods for the extraction of adsorbed and absorbed gases from rocks (sediments) can be used in prospecting for mineral deposits, because these gases are gradually accumulated and preserved in rocks. The thermodesorption flow is supplemented with fluids from the earth's mantle. The fluids migrating to the surface produces the lithospheric gas field. The background gas field formed in this way

V. I. STAROSTIN; L. S. KONDRATOV; D. M. VOINKOV

2008-01-01

269

On the resource evaluation of marine gas hydrate deposits using sea-floor transient electric dipole-dipole methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methane hydrates are solid, nonstoichiometric mixtures of water and the gas methane. The depth extent and stability of the hydrate zone is governed by the phase diagram for mixtures of methane and hydrate and determined by ambient pressures and temperatures. The base of the hydrate zone is a phase boundary between solid hydrate and free gas and water. It stands

R. Nigel Edwards

1997-01-01

270

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in Jurassic and Cretaceous strata of the Gulf Coast, 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated means of 147.4 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas, 2.4 billion barrels of undiscovered oil, and 2.96 billion barrels of undiscovered natural gas liquids in Jurassic and Cretaceous strata in onshore lands and State waters of the Gulf Coast.

Dubiel, Russell F.; Warwick, Peter D.; Swanson, Sharon; Burke, Lauri; Biewick, Laura R. H.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Coleman, James L.; Cook, Troy A.; Dennen, Kris; Doolan, Colin; Enomoto, Catherine; Hackley, Paul C.; Karlsen, Alexander W.; Klett, Timothy R.; Kinney, Scott A.; Lewan, Michael D.; Merrill, Matt; Pearson, Krystal; Pearson, Ofori N.; Pitman, Janet K.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Rowan, Elizabeth L.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Valentine, Brett

2011-01-01

271

Oil and gas amass  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current estimates of future reserve growth of existing U.S. oil and gas fields are significantly larger than previous estimates, according to a new assessment by the U.S. Geological Survey. In fact, they may be twice as big as those estimated in a 1989 assessment. USGS Director Gordon Eaton largely attributes the nearly two-fold difference to "the use of newly available data from the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA)." The new study estimates that 110 billion barrels of crude oil are "technically recoverable in the United States." This includes 20 billion barrels in "proved reserves," future growth of reserves of 60 billion barrels, undiscovered conventional resources between 23 and 40 barrels, and nearly 2 billion barrels from "unconventional" sources. Meanwhile, the study estimates that about 1,074 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of natural gas are recoverable, compared to about half that estimated in the 1989 assessment. The tally includes about 268 Tcf from undiscovered conventional accumulations, potential reserve growth in existing fields of about 322 Tcf, about 318 Tcf in continuous type accumulations in shales, sandstones, and chalks, and about 50 Tcf in coal beds. "This USGS assessment differs significantly from previous assessments because it includes more categories of oil and gas resources, including tight gas sandstones, coal bed gas and fractured shales," which required the USGS to develop new methods, Eaton explains.

272

GridAdmin: Decentralising Grid Administration Using Trust Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Administration of Grid resources is a time con- suming and often tedious job. Most administrative requests are predictable, and in general, handling them requires knowledge of the local resources and the requester. In this paper we discuss a system to provide automated support for administrative requests, such as resource reservation and user account management. We propose using trust metrics to

Thomas B. Quillinan; Brian C. Clayton; Simon N. Foley

2004-01-01

273

7 CFR 2.27 - Office of Administrative Law Judges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Office of Administrative Law Judges: (1) Administrative law judges (formerly...the Forest Resources Conservation and Shortage Relief...the administrative law judges shall make...and authority for all matters related to the...

2013-01-01

274

Administration in Community College Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review of issues facing administrators of community college libraries and learning resources centers focuses on four main areas: (1) organization of services; (2) maximizing library effectiveness; (3) administrative qualifications; and (4) standards for community college libraries. It begins by arguing that, since a library reflects the…

Hepfer, William

275

Administration in Community College Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of issues facing administrators of community college libraries and learning resources centers focuses on four main areas: (1) organization of services; (2) maximizing library effectiveness; (3) administrative qualifications; and (4) standards for community college libraries. It begins by arguing that, since a library reflects the goals…

Hepfer, William

276

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Powder River Basin Province of Wyoming and Montana, 2002  

SciTech Connect

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 16.5 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas, a mean of 1.5 billion barrels of undiscovered oil, and a mean of 86.5 million barrels of natural gas liquids in the Powder River Basin Province. About 14.3 trillion cubic feet is estimated to be coal-bed gas in three AUs of the Tertiary Upper Cretaceous Coal-Bed Methane TPS. 1 ref., 1 fig., 1 tab.

NONE

2002-11-15

277

Oil and gas resource atlas series offshore northern Gulf of Mexico. Annual report, October 1, 1992-October 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes activities conducted during the first year of the Northern Gulf of Mexico Oil and Gas Atlas Series program for which the Bureau of Economic Geology is the lead technical contractor. The objective of the program is to develop an atlas of hydrocarbon plays by integrating geologic and engineering data for oil and gas reservoirs with large-scale patterns of depositional basin fill and geologic age. The primary product of the program will be an oil and gas atlas set for the offshore northern Gulf of Mexico and a computerized geographical information system of geologic and engineering data linked to reservoir location.

Seni, S.J.; Desselle, B.; Standen, A.

1993-12-01

278

Development of Electrolysis System Powered by Solar-Cell Array to Supply Hydrogen Gas for Fuel-Cell Energy Resource Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The huge demand of energy worldwide and the depletion of fossil based energy, is a strong reason to rapidly develop any kind of renewable energy resources, which has economical advantages and zero pollution effect. One of the renewable energy technologies aimed in this paper is the generation of electric-energy based on fuel-cell technology, where the input hydrogen (H2) gas is supplied by electrolysis system powered by renewable energy system based on solar cell. In this paper, the authors explain the development of electrolysis system which is powered by solar cell array to supply hydrogen for fuel-cell system. The authors explain in detail how to design an efficient electrolysis system to obtain high ratio conversion of electric energy to hydrogen gas volume. It includes the explanation of the usage of multiple anodes with a single cathode for many solar cell inputs in a single electrolysis system. Hereinafter this is referred as multiple anode electrolysis system. This multiple anode electrolysis system makes the management of hydrogen gas becomes more efficient and effective by using only a single hydrogen gas storage system. This paper also explain the careful design of the resistance value of the electrolysis system to protect or avoid the solar cell panel to deliver excessive current to the electrolysis system which can cause damage on the solar cell panel. Moreover, the electrolyte volume detector is applied on the system as a tool to measure the electrolyte concentration to assure the system resistance is still in the allowed range. Further, the hydrogen gas produced by electrolysis system is stored into the gas storage which consists of silica-gel purifier, first stage low pressure gas bottle, vacuum pump, and second stage high pressure gas bottle. In the first step, the pump will vacuum the first bottle. The first bottle will collect the hydrogen from the electrolysis system through the silica gel to get rid of water vapor. When the first bottle pressure is close to atmospheric pressure, then the vacuum pump will evacuate the hydrogen gas from the first bottle to store into the second high pressure bottle. When the first bottle become vacuum then the procedure is repeated again.

Priambodo, Purnomo Sidi; Yusivar, Feri; Subiantoro, Aries; Gunawan, Ridwan

2009-09-01

279

Class 1 overview of cultural resources for the Western Area Power Administration Salt Lake City Area Integrated Projects electric power marketing environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory conducted an inventory of known archaeological and historic sites in areas that could be affected by the hydropower operation alternatives under analysis in the power marketing environmental impact statement for the Western Area Power Administration`s Salt Lake City Area Integrated Projects. The study areas included portions of the Green River (Flaming Gorge Dam to Cub Creek) in Utah and Colorado and the Gunnison River (Blue Mesa Reservoir to Crystal Dam) in Colorado. All previous archaeological surveys and previously recorded prehistoric and historic sites, structures, and features were inventoried and plotted on maps (only survey area maps are included in this report). The surveys were classified by their level of intensity, and the sites were classified according to their age, type, and contents. These data (presented here in tabular form) permit a general assessment of the character and distribution of archaeological remains in the study areas, as well as an indication of the sampling basis for such an assessment. To provide an adequate context for the descriptions of the archaeological and historic sites, this report also presents overviews of the environmental setting and the regional prehistory, history, and ethnography for each study area.

Moeller, K.L.; Malinowski, L.M.; Hoffecker, J.F.; Walitschek, D.A.; Shogren, L.; Mathews, J.E.; Verhaaren, B.T.

1993-11-01

280

Resource Assessment of the In-Place and Potentially Recoverable Deep Natural Gas Resource of the Onshore Interior Salt Basins, North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The principal research effort for Year 2 of the project has been petroleum system characterization and modeling. Understanding the burial, thermal maturation, and hydrocarbon expulsion histories of the strata in the onshore interior salt basins of the North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas is important in hydrocarbon resource assessment. The underburden and overburden rocks in these basins and subbasins are a product of their rift-related geohistory. Petroleum source rock analysis and initial thermal maturation and hydrocarbon expulsion modeling indicated that an effective regional petroleum source rock in the onshore interior salt basins and subbasins, the North Louisiana Salt Basin, Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, Manila Subbasin and Conecuh Subbasin, was Upper Jurassic Smackover lime mudstone. The initial modeling also indicated that hydrocarbon generation and expulsion were initiated in the Early Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary in the North Louisiana Salt Basin and the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and that hydrocarbon generation and expulsion were initiated in the Late Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary in the Manila Subbasin and Conecuh Subbasin. Refined thermal maturation and hydrocarbon expulsion modeling and additional petroleum source rock analysis have confirmed that the major source rock in the onshore interior salt basins and subbasins is Upper Jurassic Smackover lime mudstone. Hydrocarbon generation and expulsion were initiated in the Early to Late Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary.

Ernest A. Mancini; Paul Aharon; Donald A. Goddard; Roger Barnaby

2005-10-28

281

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the East Coast Mesozoic basins of the Piedmont, Blue Ridge Thrust Belt, Atlantic Coastal Plain, and New England Provinces, 2011  

USGS Publications Warehouse

During the early opening of the Atlantic Ocean in the Mesozoic Era, numerous extensional basins formed along the eastern margin of the North American continent from Florida northward to New England and parts of adjacent Canada. The basins extend generally from the offshore Atlantic continental margin westward beneath the Atlantic Coastal Plain to the Appalachian Mountains. Using a geology-based assessment method, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean undiscovered natural gas resource of 3,860 billion cubic feet and a mean undiscovered natural gas liquids resource of 135 million barrels in continuous accumulations within five of the East Coast Mesozoic basins: the Deep River, Dan River-Danville, and Richmond basins, which are within the Piedmont Province of North Carolina and Virginia; the Taylorsville basin, which is almost entirely within the Atlantic Coastal Plain Province of Virginia and Maryland; and the southern part of the Newark basin (herein referred to as the South Newark basin), which is within the Blue Ridge Thrust Belt Province of New Jersey. The provinces, which contain these extensional basins, extend across parts of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, and Massachusetts.

Milici, Robert C.; Coleman, James L.; Rowan, Elisabeth L.; Cook, Troy A.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Kirschbaum, Mark A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2012-01-01

282

The natural resources industry in decentralised Indonesia: how has decentralisation impacted the mining, oil and gas industries?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indonesia’s decentralisation laws have granted local governments more authority for generating higher own revenues and running more tailored decentralised public services. There is evidence, though, that inefficient and ineffective local governance continues to predominate after decentralisation. Regional autonomy, as defined in the decentralisation laws, has left some matters ambiguous, requiring more detailed implementing regulations. In the natural resource sector, in

Ana Duek; Ridwan Rusli

2010-01-01

283

Oriskany and Huntersville gas fields of West Virginia. (Including addendum, March 1976). Mineral Resources Series No. 5  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report deals with the deep wells of W. Va., that is, wells drilled to a depth of 6,000 ft or greater, or those that reached the Onondaga Limestone or its equivalent. Production from the Oriskany Sandstone and Huntersville Chert is the main subject of this report. Gas and oil accumulation in formations of the Onesquethaw Stage of lower Middle

Cardwell

1974-01-01

284

A Methodology for the Assessment of Unconventional (Continuous) Resources with an Application to the Greater Natural Buttes Gas Field, Utah  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Greater Natural Buttes tight natural gas field is an unconventional (continuous) accumulation in the Uinta Basin, Utah, that began production in the early 1950s from the Upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group. Three years later, production was extended to the Eocene Wasatch Formation. With the exclusion of 1100 non-productive ('dry') wells, we estimate that the final recovery from the 2500 producing

Ricardo A. Olea; Troy A. Cook; James L. Coleman

2010-01-01

285

Small Business Administration: Managing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The world of business can be a difficult one, particularly for those entering the business world as owners or managers of a small business. Fortunately, there are a number of resources online that can ease this transition. The United States Small Business Administration has created this resource that is designed to give business owners a basic overview of how to manage, market, and lead their business. The site is divided into several discrete sections, including "Management for Growth", "Leadership" and "Marketing & Sales". Within each section, visitors can read essays that address such topics as the management of employees, buying a franchise, equity financing, and strategic planning. One of the highlights here is a free online growth strategies course. The site is rounded out by an area that provides information about some of the Administration's special initiatives designed to help women, minorities, and veterans.

286

World nonrenewable conventional energy resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up-to-date estimates are given for world proved reserves, remaining recoverable resources, annual production rates, and cumulative production of the nonrenewable energy resources: coal, natural gas, crude oil, natural gas liquids, bitumens, shale oil, and uranium oxide. Life indices for world fossil fuels are also presented for several annual growth rates. Nonconventional gas and oil are not included. 2 figures, 4

1984-01-01

287

World nonrenewable conventional energy resources  

SciTech Connect

Up-to-date estimates are given for world proved reserves, remaining recoverable resources, annual production rates, and cumulative production of the nonrenewable energy resources: coal, natural gas, crude oil, natural gas liquids, bitumens, shale oil, and uranium oxide. Life indices for world fossil fuels are also presented for several annual growth rates. Nonconventional gas and oil are not included. 2 figures, 4 tables.

Parent, J.D.

1984-04-02

288

A Methodology for the Assessment of Unconventional (Continuous) Resources with an Application to the Greater Natural Buttes Gas Field, Utah  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Greater Natural Buttes tight natural gas field is an unconventional (continuous) accumulation in the Uinta Basin, Utah,\\u000a that began production in the early 1950s from the Upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group. Three years later, production was extended\\u000a to the Eocene Wasatch Formation. With the exclusion of 1100 non-productive (“dry”) wells, we estimate that the final recovery\\u000a from the 2500 producing

Ricardo A. Olea; Troy A. Cook; James L. Coleman

2010-01-01

289

Geologic models and evaluation of undiscovered conventional and continuous oil and gas resources: Upper Cretaceous Austin Chalk  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Upper Cretaceous Austin Chalk forms a low-permeability, onshore Gulf of Mexico reservoir that produces oil and gas from major fractures oriented parallel to the underlying Lower Cretaceous shelf edge. Horizontal drilling links these fracture systems to create an interconnected network that drains the reservoir. Field and well locations along the production trend are controlled by fracture networks. Highly fractured chalk is present along both regional and local fault zones. Fractures are also genetically linked to movement of the underlying Jurassic Louann Salt with tensile fractures forming downdip of salt-related structures creating the most effective reservoirs. Undiscovered accumulations should also be associated with structure-controlled fracture systems because much of the Austin that overlies the Lower Cretaceous shelf edge remains unexplored. The Upper Cretaceous Eagle Ford Shale is the primary source rock for Austin Chalk hydrocarbons. This transgressive marine shale varies in thickness and lithology across the study area and contains both oil- and gas-prone kerogen. The Eagle Ford began generating oil and gas in the early Miocene, and vertical migration through fractures was sufficient to charge the Austin reservoirs.

Pearson, Krystal

2012-01-01

290

Administrative Ecology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses how all four facets of administrative ecology help dispel the claims about the "impossibility" of the superintendency. These are personal ecology, professional ecology, organizational ecology, and community ecology. Using today's superintendency as an administrative platform, current literature describes a preponderance of…

McGarity, Augustus C., III; Maulding, Wanda

2007-01-01

291

The Administration Proposal for Head Start Reauthorization. Joint Hearing on Examining Head Start and the Administration's Plans for Expanding and Improving It, before the Subcommittee on Children, Family, Drugs, and Alcoholism of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate and the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearing transcripts present testimony concerning the Clinton Administration's plans to expand and improve Project Head Start. Testimony was heard from Senators Christopher J. Dodd, Dan Coats, Nancy Landon Kassebaum, Strom Thurmond, James M. Jeffords, and Harris Wofford, as well as Representatives Matthew G. Martinez and Susan Molinari, and…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

292

The role of sustainable agriculture and renewable-resource management in reducing greenhouse-gas emissions and increasing sinks in China and India.  

PubMed

This paper contains an analysis of the technical options in agriculture for reducing greenhouse-gas emissions and increasing sinks, arising from three distinct mechanisms: (i) increasing carbon sinks in soil organic matter and above-ground biomass; (ii) avoiding carbon emissions from farms by reducing direct and indirect energy use; and (iii) increasing renewable-energy production from biomass that either substitutes for consumption of fossil fuels or replaces inefficient burning of fuelwood or crop residues, and so avoids carbon emissions, together with use of biogas digesters and improved cookstoves. We then review best-practice sustainable agriculture and renewable-resource-management projects and initiatives in China and India, and analyse the annual net sinks being created by these projects, and the potential market value of the carbon sequestered. We conclude with a summary of the policy and institutional conditions and reforms required for adoption of best sustainability practice in the agricultural sector to achieve the desired reductions in emissions and increases in sinks. A review of 40 sustainable agriculture and renewable-resource-management projects in China and India under the three mechanisms estimated a carbon mitigation potential of 64.8 MtC yr(-1) from 5.5 Mha. The potential income for carbon mitigation is $324 million at $5 per tonne of carbon. The potential exists to increase this by orders of magnitude, and so contribute significantly to greenhouse-gas abatement. Most agricultural mitigation options also provide several ancillary benefits. However, there are many technical, financial, policy, legal and institutional barriers to overcome. PMID:12460495

Pretty, J N; Ball, A S; Xiaoyun, Li; Ravindranath, N H

2002-08-15

293

Introduction to the 2002 geologic assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the San Juan Basin Province, exclusive of Paleozoic rocks: Chapter 2 in Total petroleum systems and geologic assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the San Juan Basin Province, exclusive of Paleozoic rocks, New Mexico and Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S Geological Survey (USGS) periodically conducts assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the United States. The purpose of the U.S. Geological Survey National Oil and Gas Assessment is to develop geologically based hypotheses regarding the potential for additions to oil and gas reserves in priority areas of the United States. The last major USGS assessment of oil and gas of the most important oil and gas provinces in the United States was in 1995 (Gautier and others, 1996). Since then a number of individual assessment provinces have been reappraised using new methodology. This was done particularly for those provinces where new information has become available, where new methodology was expected to reveal more insight to provide a better estimate, where additional geologic investigation was needed, or where continuous accumulations were deemed important. The San Juan Basin was reevaluated because of industry exploitation of new hydrocarbon accumulations that were not previously assessed and because of a change in application of assessment methodology to potential undiscovered hydrocarbon accumulations. Several changes have been made in this study. The methodology is different from that used in 1995 (Schmoker, 2003; Schmoker and Klett, 2003). In this study the total petroleum system (TPS) approach (Magoon and Dow, 1994) is used rather than the play approach. The Chama Basin is not included. The team of scientists studying the basin is different. The 1995 study focused on conventional accumulations, whereas in this 2002 assessment, it was a priority to assess continuous-type accumulations, including coal-bed gas. Consequently we are presenting here an entirely new study and results for the San Juan Basin Province. The results of this 2002 assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the San Juan Basin Province (5022) are presented in this report within the geologic context of individual TPSs and their assessment units (AU) (table 1). Results are reported as the estimated mean of potential additions to reserves as well as for the 95, 50, and 5 percent fractiles.

U.S. Geological Survey San Juan Basin Assessment Team

2013-01-01

294

Oversight on Community Services Administration, Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment, and Adoption Opportunities, and Native American Programs Act. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Aging, Family and Human Services of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources. United States Senate, Ninety-Seventh Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Oversight hearings were conducted on April 23, 1981 in reference to social service block grants for the Community Services Administration, child abuse prevention and treatment and adoption programs, and Native American Programs Act. Testimonies for support of block grants advocated ability of States to decide how program resources can best be…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

295

Resources for Measuring Services and Outcomes in Head Start Programs Serving Infants and Toddlers. Washington, DC: Child Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of the Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation-funded Early Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey project, Mathematica updated a 2003 report containing resources to help Head Start programs for infants and toddlers develop a performance measurement plan and carry out data collection to support continuous program improvement. The report discusses the importance

Ellen Eliason Kisker; Kimberly Boller; Charles Nagatoshi; Christine Sciarrino; Vinita Jethwani; Teresa Zavitsky; Melissa Ford; John M. Love

2011-01-01

296

Circulating regeneration and resource recovery of flue gas desulfurization residuals using a membrane electroreactor: from lab concept to commercial scale.  

PubMed

Desulfurization residuals (using NaOH sorbent) were regenerated electrochemically, and at the same time sulfur in the flue gas was recovered as H(2)SO(4) and H(2) was produced as a clean energy. Since industrialization should always be the final goal to pursue for lab technologies and the evolution of pilot- and full-scale commercial reactors has taken place relatively slowly, this paper is aimed to develop an electroreactor on a sufficiently large scale to evaluate the application potential of the proposed regeneration process. The following key design parameters are discussed: (1) voltage distributions over electrode, membrane, and electrolyte; and (2) scaling up correlation based on lab-scale reactor operation parameters. Thereafter, in the developed reactor, the desulfurization residuals using NaOH sorbent from a semidry flue gas desulfurization (FGD) facility of a power plant in Shandong Province were regenerated and it is significant to note that the electrochemical efficiency of the designed reactor is comparable to that of the chlor-alkali industry, showing that the technology is environmentally friendly and economically feasible. If this technology is to be employed for FGD, the facility could be a profit-generating manufacturing part instead of a currently money-consuming burden for the plants. PMID:22974141

Yang, Chenglei; Hu, Ying; Cao, Limei; Yang, Ji

2012-09-26

297

Improving the Availability and Delivery of Critical Information for Tight Gas Resource Development in the Appalachian Basin  

SciTech Connect

To encourage, facilitate and accelerate the development of tight gas reservoirs in the Appalachian basin, the geological surveys in Pennsylvania and West Virginia collected widely dispersed data on five gas plays and formatted these data into a large database that can be accessed by individual well or by play. The database and delivery system that were developed can be applied to any of the 30 gas plays that have been defined in the basin, but for this project, data compilation was restricted to the following: the Mississippian-Devonian Berea/Murrysville sandstone play and the Upper Devonian Venango, Bradford and Elk sandstone plays in Pennsylvania and West Virginia; and the 'Clinton'/Medina sandstone play in northwestern Pennsylvania. In addition, some data were collected on the Tuscarora Sandstone play in West Virginia, which is the lateral equivalent of the Medina Sandstone in Pennsylvania. Modern geophysical logs are the most common and cost-effective tools for evaluating reservoirs. Therefore, all of the well logs in the libraries of the two surveys from wells that had penetrated the key plays were scanned, generating nearly 75,000 scanned e-log files from more than 40,000 wells. A standard file-naming convention for scanned logs was developed, which includes the well API number, log curve type(s) scanned, and the availability of log analyses or half-scale logs. In addition to well logs, other types of documents were scanned, including core data (descriptions, analyses, porosity-permeability cross-plots), figures from relevant chapters of the Atlas of Major Appalachian Gas Plays, selected figures from survey publications, and information from unpublished reports and student theses and dissertations. Monthly and annual production data from 1979 to 2007 for West Virginia wells in these plays are available as well. The final database also includes digitized logs from more than 800 wells, sample descriptions from more than 550 wells, more than 600 digital photos in 1-foot intervals from 11 cores, and approximately 260 references for these plays. A primary objective of the research was to make data and information available free to producers through an on-line data delivery model designed for public access on the Internet. The web-based application that was developed utilizes ESRI's ArcIMS GIS software to deliver both well-based and play-based data that are searchable through user-originated queries, and allows interactive regional geographic and geologic mapping that is play-based. System tools help users develop their customized spatial queries. A link also has been provided to the West Virginia Geological Survey's 'pipeline' system for accessing all available well-specific data for more than 140,000 wells in West Virginia. However, only well-specific queries by API number are permitted at this time. The comprehensive project web site (http://www.wvgs.wvnet.edu/atg) resides on West Virginia Geological Survey's servers and links are provided from the Pennsylvania Geological Survey and Appalachian Oil and Natural Gas Research Consortium web sites.

Mary Behling; Susan Pool; Douglas Patchen; John Harper

2008-12-31

298

Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for the analysis of 19-nor-4-androstenediol and metabolites in human plasma: application to pharmacokinetic studies after oral administration of a prohormone supplement.  

PubMed

19-Nor-4-androstenediol is a prohormone of nandrolone. Both substances are included in the WADA list of prohibited classes of substances. The aim of this study is to determine the plasma levels of 19-nor-4-androstenediol and its metabolites after oral administration of a nutritional supplement containing the drug. Two capsules of Norandrodiol Select 300 were orally administered to six healthy male volunteers. Plasma samples were collected up to 24h. Samples were extracted to obtain free and glucuronoconjugated metabolic fractions. Trimethylsilyl derivatives of both fractions were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The method was validated to determine linearity, extraction recovery, limit of detection and quantification, intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy. After administration of 19-nor-4-androstenediol, the main metabolites detected were norandrosterone and noretiocholanolone, mainly in the glucuronide fraction. Nandrolone, norandrostenedione and 19-nor-4-androstenediol were also detected at lower concentrations. PMID:18423786

Torrado, Susana; Segura, Jordi; Farré, Magí; Ventura, Rosa

2008-03-08

299

Administrative Policies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Administrative policies and procedures to be observed by the board of trustees, committees, and staff of the North Shore Health Planning Council, Peabody, Massachusetts are set forth. The roles of the board and committees are defined, and the responsibili...

1975-01-01

300

Research projects needed for expediting development of domestic oil and gas resources through arctic, offshore, and drilling technology  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the research projects which were identified at an industry-government workshop on Arctic, Offshore, and Drilling Technology (AODT) held at Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, January 5-7, 1981. The purpose of the workshop was to identify those problem areas where government research could provide technology advancement that would assist industry in accelerating the discovery and development of US oil and gas resouces. The workshop results are to be used to guide an effective research program. The workshop identified and prioritized the tasks that need to be implemented. All of the projects listed in the Arctic and Offshore sections were selected as appropriate for a Department of Energy (DOE) research role. The drilling projects identified as appropriate only for industry research have been separated in the Drilling section of this report.

Canja, S.; Williams, C.R.

1982-04-01

301

Analysis of Oil and Gas Production in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On February 23, 2004, Representative Richard W. Pombo, Chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Resources, requested that the Energy Information Administration (EIA) provide an assessment of authorizing oil and gas leasing in the coastal plain of the Arcti...

2004-01-01

302

Worksite Wellness: An Administrative Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To develop a better understanding of businesses’ goals and purpose for offering worksite wellness opportunities and the level of administrative support for worksite wellness programs.\\u000aMethod: Human resource directors, benefit managers, or other administrators of 76 businesses that have contracted with Premier Community Health in the past 2 years were contacted by e-mail to complete a standardized online survey

Neha Kumar

2011-01-01

303

30 CFR 1202.150 - Royalty on gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Royalty on gas. 1202.150 Section 1202.150 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...RESOURCES REVENUE ROYALTIES Federal Gas § 1202.150 Royalty on gas....

2013-07-01

304

Detection of fenspiride and identification of in vivo metabolites in horse body fluids by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: administration, biotransformation and urinary excretion after a single oral dose.  

PubMed

Studies related to the in vivo biotransforrmation and urinary excretion of fenspiride hydrochloride in the horse are described. After oral administration, the drug is metabolised by both phase I functionalisation and phase II conjugation pathways. Following enzymatic deconjugation, fenspiride and its phase I metabolites were isolated from post-administration biofluids using bonded co-polymeric mixed mode solid-phase extraction cartridges to isolate the basic compounds. Following trimethylsilylation (TMS), the parent drug and metabolites were identified by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Fenspiride (A) and seven metabolites (B-->G) arising from oxidation on both the aromatic and heterocyclic substructures were detected in urine. The positive ion electron ionisation mass spectra of the TMS derivatives of fenspiride and its metabolites provided useful information on its metabolism. Positive ion methane chemical ionisation-GC-MS of the derivatives provided both derivatised molecular mass and structural information. Unchanged fenspiride can be detected in post-administration plasma and urine samples for up to 24 h. Maximum urinary levels of 100-200 ng ml(-1) were observed between 3 and 5 h after administration. After enzymatic deconjugation, the major phenolic metabolite (G) can be detected in urine for up to 72 h. This metabolite is the analyte of choice in the GC-MS screening of post-race equine urine samples for detection of fenspiride use. However, a distinct difference was observed in the urinary excretion of this metabolite between the thoroughbred horses used in UK study and the quarterbred and standardbred horses used for the USA administrations. PMID:11863284

Dumasia, M C; Houghton, E; Hyde, W; Greulich, D; Nelson, T; Peterson, Jackie

2002-02-01

305

Natural gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a review of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) certification or approval process for natural gas pipeline construction. Natural gas is an abundant domestic energy resource that can be substituted for imported oil, and is the most environmentally benign fossil fuel. This review describes the time it takes FERC to process pipeline construction applications; the factors affecting

Rezendes

1991-01-01

306

Critical Resources for Hospital Surge Capacity: An Expert Consensus Panel  

PubMed Central

Background: Hospital surge capacity (HSC) is dependent on the ability to increase or conserve resources. The hospital surge model put forth by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) estimates the resources needed by hospitals to treat casualties resulting from 13 national planning scenarios. However, emergency planners need to know which hospital resource are most critical in order to develop a more accurate plan for HSC in the event of a disaster. Objective: To identify critical hospital resources required in four specific catastrophic scenarios; namely, pandemic influenza, radiation, explosive, and nerve gas. Methods: We convened an expert consensus panel comprised of 23 participants representing health providers (i.e., nurses and physicians), administrators, emergency planners, and specialists. Four disaster scenarios were examined by the panel. Participants were divided into 4 groups of five or six members, each of which were assigned two of four scenarios. They were asked to consider 132 hospital patient care resources- extracted from the AHRQ's hospital surge model- in order to identify the ones that would be critical in their opinion to patient care. The definition for a critical hospital resource was the following: absence of the resource is likely to have a major impact on patient outcomes, i.e., high likelihood of untoward event, possibly death. For items with any disagreement in ranking, we conducted a facilitated discussion (modified Delphi technique) until consensus was reached, which was defined as more than 50% agreement. Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC) were calculated for each scenario, and across all scenarios as a measure of participant agreement on critical resources. For the critical resources common to all scenarios, Kruskal-Wallis test was performed to measure the distribution of scores across all scenarios. Results: Of the 132 hospital resources, 25 were considered critical for all four scenarios by more than 50% of the participants. The number of hospital resources considered to be critical by consensus varied from one scenario to another; 58 for the pandemic influenza scenario, 51 for radiation exposure, 41 for explosives, and 35 for nerve gas scenario. Intravenous crystalloid solution was the only resource ranked by all participants as critical across all scenarios. The agreement in ranking was strong in nerve agent and pandemic influenza (ICC= 0.7 in both), and moderate in explosives (ICC= 0.6) and radiation (ICC= 0.5). Conclusion: In four disaster scenarios, namely, radiation, pandemic influenza, explosives, and nerve gas scenarios; supply of as few as 25 common resources may be considered critical to hospital surge capacity. The absence of any these resources may compromise patient care. More studies are needed to identify critical hospital resources in other disaster scenarios.

Bayram, Jamil D.; Sauer, Lauren M.; Catlett, Christina; Levin, Scott; Cole, Gai; Kirsch, Thomas D.; Toerper, Matthew; Kelen, Gabor

2013-01-01

307

Environmental recordkeeping: The administrative record  

SciTech Connect

This document provides information on an environmental records management system. It includes information on environmental recordkeeping; environmental regulations with emphasis on the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA); and the administrative record including a case study of the Hanford Site's administrative record system. This paper will focus on the following objectives: (1) Identify resources that can be used as reference tools; (2) understand the reasons for developing and maintaining an administrative record; and, (3) evaluate an existing system and identify means of complying with the regulations. 15 refs., 2 figs.

Sprouse, B.S.

1991-08-01

308

Arctic energy resources  

SciTech Connect

The Arctic is a vulnerable region with immense resources. These range from the replenishable (tidal energy, hydroelectricity, wood, biomass, fish, game, and geothermal energy) to the non-replenishable (coal, minerals, natural gas, hydrocarbon deposits). But the problems of exploiting such resources without damaging the environment of the Arctic are formidable. In this book all aspects are considered: occurrence of energy resources; the technological and economic aspects of exploration and exploitation; the environmental and social impact of technological development.

Rey, L.

1983-01-01

309

Database Administrator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Internet and electronic commerce (e-commerce) generate lots of data. Data must be stored, organized, and managed. Database administrators, or DBAs, work with database software to find ways to do this. They identify user needs, set up computer databases, and test systems. They ensure that systems perform as they should and add people to the…

Moore, Pam

2010-01-01

310

Northern Alaska Hydrocarbon Resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report on Northern Alaska hydrocarbon resources brings together the private, federal, and state oil and gas initiatives in Northern Alaska over the past 35 years. It treats Northern Alaska oil and gas provinces as a planning unit, rather than using t...

J. D. Kreitner

1978-01-01

311

Unconventional Gas Sources: Characterization and Assessment. Final Report for 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of a resource assessment for each of the major unconventional natural gas resources: coalbed methane, geopressured methane, eastern gas shales, and western gas sands. A suitable conservative quantity for the gas in place f...

1979-01-01

312

Integration of gas chromatographs into the Federal Highway Administration/Environmental Protection Agency near road MSAT study in Las Vegas, NV  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper documents the technical evaluation of a semi-continuous gas chromatograph (GC) for the measurement of benzene and 1,33butadiene in the near road environment. This paper will also consider the some of the non-technical implications associated with the operation of a GC ...

313

FAA Administrator's Fact Books  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides current and archived versions of the FAA Administrator's Fact Books, a document containing statistical information about safety and air traffic in the United States. This resource would be valuable for anyone who needs to find U.S. aviation statistics. The statistics covered in the Fact Books seem unlimited, ranging from the number, types and rates of aviation accidents to the busiest airports and even the current number of active pilots. The Fact Books are available in pdf format, and date back to March of 1998.

2006-11-04

314

Transportation Security Administrations National Deployment Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Transportation Security Administration's National Deployment Force deploys Transportation Security Officers to support airport screening operations during emergencies, seasonal demands, or other circumstances requiring more staffing resources than are...

2008-01-01

315

36 CFR 223.198 - Administrative remedies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL PRODUCTS The Forest Resources Conservation and Shortage Relief Act of 1990 Program § 223.198 Administrative...

2013-07-01

316

18 CFR 415.40 - Administrative agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 415.40 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-FLOOD...flood hazards, and: (1) Is located along the mainstem Delaware River or a major tributary thereof, or (2) An...

2013-04-01

317

Draft 1992 Resource Program : Summary Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Resource Program is the Bonneville Power Administration's primary process for deciding how to meet future resource needs -- how much new resource development is needed by BPA, which types of resources to acquire and option, how to go about acquiring them, and how much to spend. The Northwest Power Planning Council completed a new Northwest Power Plan in 1991. This Draft Resource Program describes how BPA proposes to do its part to meet the Council's regional resource objectives.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-01-01

318

5 CFR 551.206 - Administrative exemption criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...resources management policies generally meet the duties requirements for the administrative exemption. In addition, when interviewing and screening functions are performed by the human resources employee who makes the hiring decision or makes...

2013-01-01

319

15 CFR 970.603 - Conservation of resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirement for the conservation of natural resources, encompassing due regard...unrecovered balance of hard mineral resources will the Administrator modify...pertaining to the conservation of natural resources, in order to address such...

2013-01-01

320

20 CFR 418.3410 - Whose resources do we count?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...resources do we count? 418.3410 Section 418.3410 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION MEDICARE SUBSIDIES Medicare Part D Subsidies Resources § 418.3410 Whose resources do we count? (a) We count...

2013-04-01

321

Chapter 2. Assessment of undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources--Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous Cotton Valley group, Jurassic Smackover interior salt basins total petroleum system, in the East Texas basin and Louisiana-Mississippi salt basins provinces.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Jurassic Smackover Interior Salt Basins Total Petroleum System is defined for this assessment to include (1) Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation carbonates and calcareous shales and (2) Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous Cotton Valley Group organic-rich shales. The Jurassic Smackover Interior Salt Basins Total Petroleum System includes four conventional Cotton Valley assessment units: Cotton Valley Blanket Sandstone Gas (AU 50490201), Cotton Valley Massive Sandstone Gas (AU 50490202), Cotton Valley Updip Oil and Gas (AU 50490203), and Cotton Valley Hypothetical Updip Oil (AU 50490204). Together, these four assessment units are estimated to contain a mean undiscovered conventional resource of 29.81 million barrels of oil, 605.03 billion cubic feet of gas, and 19.00 million barrels of natural gas liquids. The Cotton Valley Group represents the first major influx of clastic sediment into the ancestral Gulf of Mexico. Major depocenters were located in south-central Mississippi, along the Louisiana-Mississippi border, and in northeast Texas. Reservoir properties and production characteristics were used to identify two Cotton Valley Group sandstone trends across northern Louisiana and east Texas: a high-permeability blanket-sandstone trend and a downdip, low-permeability massive-sandstone trend. Pressure gradients throughout most of both trends are normal, which is characteristic of conventional rather than continuous basin-center gas accumulations. Indications that accumulations in this trend are conventional rather than continuous include (1) gas-water contacts in at least seven fields across the blanket-sandstone trend, (2) relatively high reservoir permeabilities, and (3) high gas-production rates without fracture stimulation. Permeability is sufficiently low in the massive-sandstone trend that gas-water transition zones are vertically extensive and gas-water contacts are poorly defined. The interpreted presence of gas-water contacts within the Cotton Valley massive-sandstone trend, however, suggests that accumulations in this trend are also conventional.

Dyman, T. S.; Condon, S. M.

2006-01-01

322

[Functional respiratory and blood gas analytical studies of the effects of fenspiride, in oral and intramuscular administration, in chronic bronchopneumopathic subjects].  

PubMed

A group of 20 chronic bronchopneumopathics was treated for 15 days with fenspiride orally and i.m. The behaviour of a set of functional respiratory and haemogasanalytic parameters was monitored at various times (basic, 5th, 10th and 15th days). Progressive, significant improvements in VC, FEV1, RV and in related parameters were observed. These were attributed to the drug's anti-inflammatory effect in the respiratory ways as well as to its direct antibronchospastic action. Stress is laid on the excellent clinical tolerance of fenspiride following its oral and i.m. administration. PMID:42862

Cascella, D; Raffi, G B; Caudarella, R; Gennari, P; Caprara, C; Cipolla, C

1979-12-01

323

Using the Internet for nursing administration.  

PubMed

The Internet offers unique communication opportunities that can be used advantageously by nurse administrators. The Internet supports electronic mail, file transfer protocol, telnet, Gopher, and World Wide Web protocols. Examples of nursing administration resources for each protocol are given. Issues involving the Internet include quality of the resource, confidentiality and privacy, taking advantage of the vision and support of nurse executives, licensure and reimbursement. PMID:9084468

Sparks, S M

1997-03-01

324

Quantification of Neurosteroids in Rat Plasma and Brain Following Swim Stress and Allopregnanolone Administration Using Negative Chemical Ionization Gas Chromatography\\/Mass Spectrometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simplified method for the quantitative analysis of neurosteroids in rat plasma and brain is described. The method uses negative chemical ionization gas chromatography\\/mass spectrometry and involves the synthesis of pentafluorobenzyloxime\\/trimethylsilyl ether derivatives with excellent chromatographic and electron-capturing properties. Deuterium-labeled analogs of the steroids of interest were synthesized and used as internal standards. The steroids (allopregnanolone, epiallopregnanolone, pregnenolone, testosterone, and

Monique Vallée; Jeffery D. Rivera; George F. Koob; Robert H. Purdy; Robert L. Fitzgerald

2000-01-01

325

Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry\\/mass spectrometry analysis to determine natural and post-administration levels of oestrogens in bovine serum and urine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel analytical approach has been developed and shown to be capable of detecting the isomers of oestradiol in the low ppt (pgmL?1) range in bovine serum and urine. Following extractive derivatisation the analytes were detected as their 3-pentafluorobenzoyl 17-trimethylsilyl ether derivatives by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry\\/mass spectrometry (GC–MS\\/MS), using electron capture negative ion chemical ionisation. The isomers of oestradiol were

S. Biddle; P. Teale; A. Robinson; J. Bowman; E. Houghton

2007-01-01

326

Preliminary draft industrial siting administration permit application: Socioeconomic factors technical report. Final technical report, November 1980-May 1982. [Proposed WyCoalGas project in Converse County, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

Under the with-project scenario, WyCoalGas is projected to make a difference in the long-range future of Converse County. Because of the size of the proposed construction and operations work forces, the projected changes in employment, income, labor force, and population will alter Converse County's economic role in the region. Specifically, as growth occurs, Converse County will begin to satisfy a larger portion of its own higher-ordered demands, those that are currently being satisfied by the economy of Casper. Business-serving and household-serving activities, currently absent, will find the larger income and population base forecast to occur with the WyCoalGas project desirable. Converse County's economy will begin to mature, moving away from strict dependence on extractive industries to a more sophisticated structure that could eventually appeal to national, and certainly, regional markets. The technical demand of the WyCoalGas plant will mean a significant influx of varying occupations and skills. The creation of basic manufacturing, advanced trade and service sectors, and concomitant finance and transportation firms will make Converse County more economically autonomous. The county will also begin to serve market center functions for the smaller counties of eastern Wyoming that currently rely on Casper, Cheyenne or other distant market centers. The projected conditions expected to exist in the absence of the WyCoalGas project, the socioeconomic conditions that would accompany the project, and the differences between the two scenarios are considered. The analysis is keyed to the linkages between Converse County and Natrona County.

Not Available

1982-01-01

327

Natural resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Natural resources are resources that occur in nature. Humans use these resources, but many of these resources are nonrenewable. They will eventually run out. Fossil fuels are naturally occurring fuels that are nonrenewable.

Olivia Worland (Purdue University;Biological Sciences)

2008-07-07

328

A simple gas chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination and pharmacokinetic study of tetramethylpyrazine phosphate and borneol in mouse plasma and brain tissue after oral administration of the fufang tetramethylpyrazine phosphate tablets.  

PubMed

A rapid, sensitive, and simple gas chromatographic method with flame ionization detection is developed for the simultaneous determination of tetramethylpyrazine phosphate (TMPP) and borneol in mouse plasma and brain tissue. Sample preparations are carried out by deproteinization with an internal standard solution in methanol. The analytes and internal standard (dimethyl sulfoxide) are well-separated on an HP-5 MS capillary column. The analytical curves are linear over a wide concentration range of 0.02-40 microg/mL for both TMPP and borneol in plasma and brain tissue, with the intra- and inter-day precision (the relative standard deviation values) at less than 15%. TMPP and borneol are both stable under different conditions. The method described is successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of mouse plasma and brain tissue after oral administration of the Fufang TMPP and TMPP tablets to mice. PMID:18492348

Yan-Yu, Xiao; Qi-neng, Ping; Zhi-peng, Chen

329

Availability/reliability of gas supplies are concerns for utilities  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that long-term economical and reliable fuel contracts are imperative for increased use of natural gas. Demand for natural gas grew by 3.3% in 1991 to 19.3 trillion cubic feet (tcf) according to the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA). during 1992, EIA expects natural gas demand to grow about 1.8%. However, EIA predicts that natural gas demand will be down slightly in the electric power sector. This is despite the potential for continuing lower gas prices and availability. wellhead prices for natural gas fell by more than 9% in 1991. Although EIA forecasts a decline in natural gas use by electric utilities, a study undertaken by ICF Resources for Enron Power Services, Inc. expects natural gas consumption in the power industry to increase in the 1990s. ICF says that the growth will occur because many new plants will be gas-fired, many existing electric utility power plants designed for oil and/or natural gas operation will use natural gas, and about half of new non-utility power plants will be gas-fired.

Smith, D.J.

1992-08-01

330

Helium Resources of the United States, 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Technical Note 429, Helium Resources of the United States2007, is an assessment of the total estimated helium reserves and resources of the United States. This assessment is made using estimates of natural gas resources from the Potential Gas Committee (P...

N. Pacheco S. F. Ali

2008-01-01

331

Spokane Energy Resource Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief description is given of the programs of the Spokane Energy Resource Center during 1983-84. The Center, an energy education program of the Spokane Regional Council, is partially funded by the Bonneville Power Administration and the US Department of Energy through the Washington State Energy Office. During the program year the ERC concentrated on five major program areas: new

Reichelderfer

1984-01-01

332

Resource management in Legion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: The recent development of gigabit networking technology, combined with the proliferationof low-cost, high-performance microprocessors, has given rise to metacomputingenvironments. These environments can combine many thousands of hosts,from hundreds of administrative domains, connected by transnational and worldwidenetworks. Managing the resources in such a system is a complex task, but isnecessary to efficiently and economically execute user programs.

Steve J. Chapin; Dimitrios Katramatos; John F. Karpovich; Andrew S. Grimshaw

1999-01-01

333

Community Resources. DECIDE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This module, Community Resources, is one of five from Project DECIDE, which was created to design, develop, write, and implement materials to provide adult basic education administrators, instructors, para-professionals, and other personnel with curriculum to accompany the Indiana Adult Basic Education Curriculum Guide, "Learning for Everyday…

Huffman, Ruth E.; And Others

334

1990 Resource Program.  

SciTech Connect

This document is a summary providing an overview of the analysis, thought process, and conclusions of the Resource Program. This summary is accompanied by a Technical Report, under separate cover, that provides a more in-depth discussion of the information presented here. Another companion document published under separate cover, the Resource Program Public Comment Summary and BPA's Response, provides a detailed summary of public comments on the Draft 1990 Resource Program and BPA's response to those comments. For a thorough understanding of how BPA arrived at the following conclusions, all three documents should be consulted. The 1990 Resource Program describes the actions Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) will take to develop new resources to meet the power requirements of its customers. The main focus is to determine what BPA should do in Fiscal Years (FY's) 1992 and 1993. This document presents Energy Resource budgets for these years. However, much care has been taken to define near-term actions aimed at meeting BPA's long-term resource needs. consequently, proposed program actions are presented for FY's 1994 through 1997. In addition, the 1990 Resource Program addresses some resource-related policy issues.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1990-07-01

335

Gas Hydrates: It's A Gas!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will investigate the occurrence of gas hydrates on the ocean floor. They will discover the importance of carbon, where carbon is stored on Earth, and that the largest reservoir of carbon is gas hydrates. Students will discover that Earth's climate changes, and how the greenhouse effect works. They will also learn about the potential of hydrates as a major new energy resource and explore the conditions under which hydrates form.

336

Resource Characterization and Quantification of Natural Gas-Hydrate and Associated Free-Gas Accumulations in the Prudhoe Bay - Kuparuk River Area on the North Slope of Alaska, (Final Report).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Natural gas hydrates have long been considered a nuisance by the petroleum industry. Hydrates have been hazards to drilling crews, with blowouts a common occurrence if not properly accounted for in drilling plans. In gas pipelines, hydrates have formed pl...

A. Dandekar S. Patil

2008-01-01

337

30 CFR 1202.151 - Royalty on processed gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Royalty on processed gas. 1202.151 Section 1202.151 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...RESOURCES REVENUE ROYALTIES Federal Gas § 1202.151 Royalty on...

2013-07-01

338

Catalog of Resources Outlining Particular Facilities, Major Projects, and Research Training and Career Development Opportunities of the National Institute on Aging, the Veterans Administration, and the National Institute of Dental Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The catalog outlines the particular facilities, major projects, and research training and career development opportunities of the National Institute on Aging, the Veterans Administration; and the National Institute of Dental Research for use in connection...

1986-01-01

339

Answering the Critics of School Administration, 2nd Ed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|All too often, the public perception of school administration is that it is a large bureaucracy diverting critical resources from instruction. According to "Answering the Critics of School Administration: What Are the Facts? Second Edition," by Nancy Protheroe, the data show otherwise. Six common misperceptions of school administration are…

Protheroe, Nancy

2008-01-01

340

Arctic Oil and Natural Gas Potential.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Arctic could hold about 22 percent of the worlds undiscovered conventional oil and natural gas resources. The prospects for Arctic oil and natural gas production are discussed taking into consideration the nature of the resources, the cost of developi...

P. Budzik

2009-01-01

341

Proposed 5-year plan for oil and gas development in the Outer Continental Shelf. Hearing before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-Seventh Congress, First Session, October 6, 1981  

SciTech Connect

The Reagan administration's proposal to accelerate oil and gas development leasing on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) led to an October 6, 1981 hearing on potential environmental consequences, particularly in areas of fragile ecology and rich fishing grounds. Nine witnesses argue on behalf of environmental protection or for the petroleum industry. Testifying were representatives of government agencies, the American Petroleum Institute, private environmental groups, and the Department of the Interior, which proposed the new leasing program as a vital energy initiative. The hearing record includes their statements, responses to questions from the committee, and additional material submitted for the record. (DCK)

Not Available

1981-01-01

342

Managing Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource describes the skills necessary for managing resources, including planning, project management, budget management, information management, change management, and organizational performance assessment.

ITU Leadership Development (George Mason University)

2012-01-20

343

Alternative sources of gas supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

The alternative sources considered include imported liquefied natural gas, and substitute natural gas produced from oil, coal, oil shale, peat, and biomass. Data are included on fuel prices, electricity prices, environmental impacts, fossil fuel resources, and unconventional sources of natural gas. It is noted that some of the technologies to tap these resources are in early stages of development and

1978-01-01

344

Natural gas today and tomorrow  

SciTech Connect

In this article the retiring chairman of the American Gas Association reflects upon the growth in the gas industry's resource base and the success of aggressive marketing programs. Improvements in resource recovery technology and moderating prices for consumers have placed natural gas in a favorable competitive position with other fuels. Such progress, he cautions, must not be jeopardized by new regulatory constraints or instability.

Reif, L.R.

1985-10-17

345

Potential gas panel finds plenty of gas in United States  

SciTech Connect

The Potential Gas Committee estimates the US natural gas resource base at 1,019 trillion cubic feet (tcf). The biennial PGC report, based on information gathered as of January 1, 1993, largely reaffirms other such recent natural gas resource estimates from the National Petroleum Council, Enron Corp., the Gas Research Institute and the federal government's National Energy Strategy. But the PGC differs from the other reports in several ways. PGC bases its estimates on research done in geologic basins instead of computer modeling, takes a conservative approach by eliminating such non-conventional gas sources as tight sands formations, does not factor in specific price thresholds and does not account for political and policy considerations that make some gas reserves off limits to production. The committee couples the Energy Department's proved reserves estimate of 165 tcf with its own estimate of 717 tcf of conventional resources and 135 tcf of coal-bed methane for an arithmetic summation of the most likely volumes of natural gas to be found. The conventional gas resources are comprised of 185 tcf of probable resources in current fields, 267 tcf of possible resources in new fields and 265 tcf of speculative resources. Coalbed methane resources include probable resources of 11.6 tcf, possible resources of 40.2 tcf and speculative resources of 83.2 tcf.

O'Driscoll, M.

1993-06-15

346

Computer simulation model for use in petroleum resources management  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method was developed to assess the future amount of oil and gas resources and activities in the Northern Region. The Alaskan Hydrocarbons Supply Model, adapted and referred to as the Petroleum Simulation Model, was used for estimating the potential oil and gas resources and activities on the Lewis and Clark National Forest. The undiscovered recoverable oil and gas resources

Kapaldo

1983-01-01

347

World nonrenewable conventional energy resources as of December 31, 1983  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report, up-to-date estimates are presented for world proved reserves, remaining recoverable resources, annual production rates, and cumulative production of the nonrenewable energy resources: coal, natural gas, crude oil, natural gas liquids, bitumens, shale oil, and uranium oxide. Life indices for world fossil fuels are also presented for several annual growth rates. Nonconventional gas and oil resources, such as

1985-01-01

348

Economic analysis of geopressured resources: site specific consideration of geopressured methane gas at Brazoria. Final report, 1 March 1980-28 February 1981  

SciTech Connect

The current project is aimed first at narrowing the range of uncertainties in economic information of geopressured resource in light of the recently collected data on the Brazoria Fairway. Secondly, the project has developed a basic analytical framework for determining the investment potential of the geopressured resource at Brazoria. Thirdly, the project quantitatively evaluates the relative effectiveness of a number of financial incentives and other public policy initiatives designed to accelerate the commercialization of geopressured resources. Final results of this project are reported including: (1) a review of current estimates of important resource parameters at the Austin Bayou Project, (2) initial cash flow simulations of development of the Austin Bayou Prospect, (3) sensitivity analysis of these simulations and evaluation of the uncertainties' impact on measures of profitability and investment decision analysis, and (4) a brief review of the well-testing program.

Not Available

1981-04-01

349

32 CFR 1800.33 - Allocation of resources; agreed extensions of time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Administrative Matters] [Sec. 1800.33 - Allocation of resources; agreed extensions of time.] 32 NATIONAL...Additional Administrative Matters Sec. 1800.33 Allocation of resources; agreed extensions of time. (a) In...

2009-07-01

350

32 CFR 1801.33 - Allocation of resources; agreed extensions of time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Administrative Matters] [Sec. 1801.33 - Allocation of resources; agreed extensions of time.] 32 NATIONAL...Additional Administrative Matters Sec. 1801.33 Allocation of resources; agreed extensions of time. (a) In...

2009-07-01

351

Strepto-DB, a database for comparative genomics of group A (GAS) and B (GBS) streptococci, implemented with the novel database platform 'Open Genome Resource' (OGeR)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Streptococci are the causative agent of many human infectious diseases including bacterial pneu- monia and meningitis. Here, we present Strepto-DB, a database for the comparative genome analysis of group A (GAS) and group B (GBS) streptococci. The known genomes of various GAS and GBS con- tain a large fraction of distributed genes that were found absent in other strains or

Johannes Klein; Richard Münch; Ilona Biegler; Isam Haddad; Ida Retter; Dieter Jahn

2009-01-01

352

Assessment of Undiscovered Gas Resources in the Upper Cretaceous Tuscaloosa and Woodbine Formations, Western Gulf Province of the Gulf Coast Region, Louisiana and Texas, 2007  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 20.8 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas and a mean of 0.60 billion barrels of undiscovered natural gas liquids in the Western Gulf Province of the Gulf Coast Region, Louisiana and Texas.

Geological Survey (U.S.)

2007-01-01

353

Water resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes aspects of water resource systems and the human agencies that affect them. Defines the basics of successful resource management, addresses problems that confront water resource managers, and identifies a range of solutions for more efficient and equitable resource control and use. Covers quality of water supply, flood control, hydroelectric power, national and regional water authorities, and international aspects, with

A. McDonald; D. Kay

1989-01-01

354

Need for Plowshare gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural gas satisfies approx. one-third of the nation's energy requirements, but domestic gas reserves are declining because the volume being consumed exceeds the quantity being discovered. Unrealistically low regulated wellhead prices have stimulated demand while eliminating the economic incentives needed to compensate for the risks associated with exploration. Natural gas is a particularly important energy resource because it is the

1971-01-01

355

Senior Administrators Should Have Administrative Contracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that termination is viewed by the employee as the equivalent to capital punishment of a career, an administrative contract can reduce the emotional and financial entanglements that often result. Administrative contracts are described. (MLW)

Posner, Gary J.

1987-01-01

356

Planning-study report for the Gas Technology Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia. Resource allocation and implementation plan. Volume 3. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The report is the third volume of a three volume report for a Planning Study to establish a Gas Technology Unit (GTU) within the Research and Development Center for Oil and Gas (LEMIGAS) in Indonesia. The purpose of the GTU is to assist the government of Indonesia in developing codes, standards, and safety regulations for the emerging gas distribution and utilization industry. The volume outlines the scope of work for the GTU over a period of several years. It also describes in detail the approach recommended to implementing the initial Phase 1 institution building period of three years.

Not Available

1990-09-01

357

30 CFR 1201.100 - Responsibilities of the Director for Office of Natural Resources Revenue.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE GENERAL Oil and Gas, Onshore § 1201.100 Responsibilities of the Director for Office of Natural Resources Revenue....

2013-07-01

358

Exempt salary administration. Redesigning staff nurse compensation.  

PubMed

An exempt salary administration program can provide positive benefits for the professional nurses and the hospital, thus creating a "win-win" strategy for today's competitive environment. This compensation change requires careful planning and open discussion between hospital administration and professional nursing staff. In this era of diminishing human and economic resources, selection of nurse compensation programs that mirror the culture and strategic goals of an organization is key to the success of the institution. PMID:1597757

Blouin, A S

1992-06-01

359

The Real-Time Channel Administration Protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Real-time Channel Administration Protocol (RCAP) provides con- trol and administration services for the Tenet real-time protocol suite, a connection-oriented suite of network and transport layer protocols for real- time communication. RCAP performs per-channel reservation of network resources based on worst-case analysis to provide hard guarantees on delay, jitter, and packet loss bounds. It uses a hierarchical approach to provide

Anindo Banerjea; Bruce A. Mah

1991-01-01

360

75 FR 54846 - Kern and Tulare Counties Resource Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Kern and Tulare Counties Resource Advisory Committee...SUMMARY: The Kern and Tulare Counties Resource Advisory Committee...meetings will be held at the County of Kern Administrative Office, 1115 Truxtun...

2010-09-09

361

76 FR 22863 - Kern and Tulare Counties Resource Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Kern and Tulare Counties Resource Advisory Committee...SUMMARY: The Kern and Tulare Counties Resource Advisory Committee...meetings will be held at the County of Kern Administrative Office, 1115 Truxtun...

2011-04-25

362

77 FR 43571 - Kern and Tulare Counties Resource Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Kern and Tulare Counties Resource Advisory Committee...SUMMARY: The Kern and Tulare Counties Resource Advisory Committee...floor conference room of the County of Kern Administrative Office, 1115 Truxtun...

2012-07-25

363

Draft global warming study. Draft 1990 Resource Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1990 Resource Program Global Warming Study examines potential Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) resource alternatives related to the risk of global warming. The study evaluates strategies for reducing net carbon emissions, and identifies the net c...

1990-01-01

364

Usage and Administration Manual for a Geodatabase Compendium of Water-Resources Data Rio Grande Basin from the Rio Arriba-Sandoval County Line, New Mexico, to Presidio, Texas, 1889-2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission, developed a geodatabase compendium (hereinafter referred to as the geodatabase) of available water-resources data for the reach of the Rio Grande from Rio Arriba-...

T. E. Burley

2010-01-01

365

U. S. oil and gas: the economic realities  

SciTech Connect

The United States still has abundant hydrocarbon resources, and we are not, as the Carter administration thought, running out of oil and gas. But extracting these resources grows progressively more difficult. There is no reason to believe that the 3.4% annual decline in reserve recovery rates, observed in the 1963-1978 period, will reverse itself. If this country's vulnerability to energy embargoes is to be reduced, we must encourage drilling. Recent events have proved beyond a reasonable doubt that demand for oil and gas is price sensitive. The latest reduction in demand for petroleum products may be explained in part by a general slackening of the economy, but the overriding force has been rising prices. If prices continue to rise, current conservation efforts will be intensified. If, on the other hand, prices remain stable or turn soft while the economy recovers, demand for petroleum products will take off again.

Merklein, H.A.; Asner, B.A.

1983-01-01

366

Formulation of a correlated variables methodology for assessment of continuous gas resources with an application to the Woodford play, Arkoma Basin, eastern Oklahoma [Metodolog??a para la evaluaci??n de recursos de gas para el caso de yacimientos continuos usando m??ltiples variables correlacionadas, con un estudio de la arcilla Woodford, cuenca de Arkoma, Oklahoma oriental, EEUU  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Shale gas is a form of continuous unconventional hydrocarbon accumulation whose resource estimation is unfeasible through the inference of pore volume. Under these circumstances, the usual approach is to base the assessment on well productivity through estimated ultimate recovery (EUR). Unconventional resource assessments that consider uncertainty are typically done by applying analytical procedures based on classical statistics theory that ignores geographical location, does not take into account spatial correlation, and assumes independence of EUR from other variables that may enter into the modeling. We formulate a new, more comprehensive approach based on sequential simulation to test methodologies known to be capable of more fully utilizing the data and overcoming unrealistic simplifications. Theoretical requirements demand modeling of EUR as areal density instead of well EUR. The new experimental methodology is illustrated by evaluating a gas play in the Woodford Shale in the Arkoma Basin of Oklahoma. Differently from previous assessments, we used net thickness and vitrinite reflectance as secondary variables correlated to cell EUR. In addition to the traditional probability distribution for undiscovered resources, the new methodology provides maps of EUR density and maps with probabilities to reach any given cell EUR, which are useful to visualize geographical variations in prospectivity.

Olea, R. A.; Houseknecht, D. W.; Garrity, C. P.; Cook, T. A.

2011-01-01

367

Educator Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Educators in the southeast United States will find links to resources for ocean science instruction on this website. The resource topics include general ocean and earth science education materials, ocean observing systems, water quality, wetlands and remote sensing data.

368

Depression - resources  

MedlinePLUS

Resources - depression ... Depression is a medical condition. If you think you may be depressed, see a health care provider. ... following organizations are good resources of information on depression : American Psychological Association - www.apa.org/topics/depress/ ...

369

20 CFR 418.3405 - What types of resources do we count?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...resources do we count? 418.3405 Section 418.3405 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION MEDICARE SUBSIDIES Medicare Part D Subsidies Resources § 418.3405 What types of resources do we count?...

2013-04-01

370

20 CFR 418.3415 - How do we determine countable resources?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...countable resources? 418.3415 Section 418.3415 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION MEDICARE SUBSIDIES Medicare Part D Subsidies Resources § 418.3415 How do we determine countable resources? (a) General...

2013-04-01

371

75 FR 70350 - Liberty Natural Gas LLC, Liberty Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Deepwater Port License Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration [USCG-2010-0993] Liberty Natural Gas LLC, Liberty Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Deepwater Port License Application AGENCY...received an application for the licensing of a natural gas deepwater port and the application...

2010-11-17

372

76 FR 4417 - Liberty Natural Gas LLC, Liberty Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Deepwater Port License Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration [USCG-2010-0993] Liberty Natural Gas LLC, Liberty Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Deepwater Port License Application AGENCY...Application. The application describes an offshore natural gas deepwater port facility that would be...

2011-01-25

373

China's expanding natural gas industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modern development of China's natural gas industry is portrayed against a background of historical information dating back to the 11th century. Modern Chinese governments have vigorously pushed the exploration and development of natural gas resources. At the same time that exploration and development of China's largest natural gas site (Szechwan Basin) has been taking place, discoveries of natural gas

1979-01-01

374

Resource Interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a formalism for specifying component interfaces that expose component requirements on limited resources. The formal- ism permits an algorithmic check if two or more components, when put together, exceed the available resources. Moreover, the formalism can be used to compute the quantity of resources necessary for satisfying the requirements of a collection of components. The formalism can be

Arindam Chakrabarti; Luca De Alfaro; Thomas A. Henzinger; Mariëlle Stoelinga

2003-01-01

375

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

SciTech Connect

Against the backdrop of increasingly volatile natural gas prices, renewable energy resources, which by their nature are immune to natural gas fuel price risk, provide a real economic benefit. Unlike many contracts for natural gas-fired generation, renewable generation is typically sold under fixed-price contracts. Assuming that electricity consumers value long-term price stability, a utility or other retail electricity supplier that is looking to expand its resource portfolio (or a policymaker interested in evaluating different resource options) should therefore compare the cost of fixed-price renewable generation to the hedged or guaranteed cost of new natural gas-fired generation, rather than to projected costs based on uncertain gas price forecasts. To do otherwise would be to compare apples to oranges: by their nature, renewable resources carry no natural gas fuel price risk, and if the market values that attribute, then the most appropriate comparison is to the hedged cost of natural gas-fired generation. Nonetheless, utilities and others often compare the costs of renewable to gas-fired generation using as their fuel price input long-term gas price forecasts that are inherently uncertain, rather than long-term natural gas forward prices that can actually be locked in. This practice raises the critical question of how these two price streams compare. If they are similar, then one might conclude that forecast-based modeling and planning exercises are in fact approximating an apples-to-apples comparison, and no further consideration is necessary. If, however, natural gas forward prices systematically differ from price forecasts, then the use of such forecasts in planning and modeling exercises will yield results that are biased in favor of either renewable (if forwards < forecasts) or natural gas-fired generation (if forwards > forecasts). In this report we compare the cost of hedging natural gas price risk through traditional gas-based hedging instruments (e.g., futures, swaps, and fixed-price physical supply contracts) to contemporaneous forecasts of spot natural gas prices, with the purpose of identifying any systematic differences between the two. Although our data set is quite limited, we find that over the past three years, forward gas prices for durations of 2-10 years have been considerably higher than most natural gas spot price forecasts, including the reference case forecasts developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This difference is striking, and implies that resource planning and modeling exercises based on these forecasts over the past three years have yielded results that are biased in favor of gas-fired generation (again, presuming that long-term stability is desirable). As discussed later, these findings have important ramifications for resource planners, energy modelers, and policy-makers.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-08-13

376

Gas Pressure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This radio broadcast discusses the boom in natural gas drilling in the Rocky Mountain region and is possible impacts on the environment. A resource advocate points out the issue of well density, which can range from four wells per square mile to sixteen, 32, or more, and results in fragmentation of habitat as well as an ugly industrial appearance. The clip is 2 minutes in length and is available in MP3 format.

Pomplun, Steve

2012-08-06

377

40 CFR 86.308-79 - Gas specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...approved by the Administrator. The uncertainty of the assigned calibration gas values...percent of the assigned value. The uncertainty is defined as the sum of the precision...approved by the Administrator. The uncertainty of the assigned calibration gas...

2013-07-01

378

Assessment of undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources of Bonaparte Basin, Browse Basin, Northwest Shelf, and Gippsland Basin Provinces, Australia, 2011  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated means of 4.7 billion barrels of undiscovered oil and 227 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas in three major offshore petroleum basins of northwest Australia and in the Gippsland Basin of southeast Australia.

Pollastro, Richard M.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Kirschbaum, Mark A.; Pitman, Janet K.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2012-01-01

379

Environmental Assessment for the Sacramento Area Office, Western Area Power Administration. Proposed 1994 Power Marketing Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Western Area Power Administration (Western) a Federal Power Marketing Administration within the US Department of Energy, is developing a power marketing plan for Central Valley Project (CVP) power resources that are marketed by Western's Sacramento Ar...

1991-01-01

380

Comments Received on the May 10, 1976 Draft. Rhode Island 93-641 State Administration Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Public reaction to Rhode Island's proposal for State administration of the National Health Planning and Resources Development Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-641) responsibilities and functions is documented. A draft of the administrative proposal was distributed to...

1976-01-01

381

National Academy of Public Administration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the National Academy of Public Administration may conjure up images of that dreaded word "bureaucracy", this important independent non-partisan organization chartered by Congress plays a vital role in assisting federal, state, and local governments in improving their effectiveness, efficiency, and accountability. On their site, users can learn about the Academy, its mission, special initiatives, and in addition, very diverse projects, such as those for Bonneville Power, the Department of Justice, and the Federal Transit Administration. Visitors can also learn about the Academy's five centers, which include those on government performance, human resources, intergovernmental relations, and management studies. Each area provides a brief overview of each center's work and equally helpful, access to its latest publications. Finally, the site also provides a calendar of relevant conferences and events, along with a search engine.

382

Imposing specific directives on the Bonneville Power Administration. Hearings before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session, on S. 1701, August 3, 1983  

SciTech Connect

Hearings in Seattle and Washington, DC considered S. 1701 (identical to section 317 of H.R. 3363) relating to the Washington Public Power Supply System (WPPSS) No. 1, 2, and 3 units. The bill clarifies the Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA's) authority to seek alternative financing for construction and states the limitations for seeking public funds through appropriations or municipal bonds. Seventy witnesses presented the views of state officials, utilities, consumers, industry, and labor. Of particular concern were the possibilities of bankruptcy and unemployment for Washington State. The hearing record includes the text of S. 1701, the testimony, and additional material submitted for the record.

Not Available

1984-01-01

383

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On this site, visitors can learn about the origins and history of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The navigation menu on the left will help move around the site to areas including FDA's Origin & Functions, Milestones, Leaders and Their Deputies, and Oral Histories. There is also a page of links to other related resources elsewhere online.

2013-06-11

384

Budget Guide for Jail Administrators: Developing the Budget.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Developing the Budget is the first in a series of three guides developed through the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) to enhance the skills, knowledge, and capabilities of jail administrators in jail budgeting and resource management. The set inclu...

M. D. Martin

2002-01-01

385

Budget Guide for Jail Administrators: Managing the Budget.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Managing the Budget is the second in a series of three guides developed through the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) to enhance the skills, knowledge, and capabilities of jail administrators in jail budgeting and resource management. The set includ...

M. D. Martin

2002-01-01

386

7 CFR 2.24 - Assistant Secretary for Administration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (D) Pay administration; (E) Automation of human resources data and systems...Preventive Medical Program, as well as design and operate employee assistance and workers...assignments; (E) Motor vehicle and aircraft fleet and other vehicular...

2009-01-01

387

43 CFR 2932.50 - Administration of Special Recreation Permits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) PERMITS FOR RECREATION ON PUBLIC LANDS Special Recreation Permits for Commercial Use, Competitive Events, Organized Groups, and Recreation Use in Special Areas § 2932.50 Administration of Special Recreation...

2012-10-01

388

Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA): The Medicare and Medicaid Agency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Health Care Financing Administration provides this site, a clearinghouse of information resources on Medicare and Medicaid. Included are consumer and technical publications, national legislative information, statistical overviews, and a state directory of basic contact information, among other features.

1998-01-01

389

7 CFR 3700.4 - Authority to act for the Administrator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the order indicated: Associate Administrator Director, Commercial Agriculture Division Director, Food and Consumer Economics Division Director, Natural Resources and Environment Division Director, Rural Economy Division Director,...

2013-01-01

390

1990 Resource Program : Technical Report.  

SciTech Connect

This Technical Report is a detailed presentation of the actions Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) will take to develop new resources to meet the power requirements of its customers. The primary focus of this report is on what BPA will do in Fiscal Years (FY's) 1992 and 1993. However, much care has been taken to define near-term actions aimed at meeting BPA's long-term needs. An aggressive, steadily increasing conservation program forms the foundation of the 1990 Resource Program and resource acquisitions for FY's 1992 and 1993. BPA's commitment to a steady ramp-up of the conservation program is key to achieving the least-cost approach to resource development, and to making the conservation resource deliverable in the long run. By itself, conservation can meet much of the likely range of load growth that BPA faces. A diverse mix of generation resources in small increments is the second cornerstone of the 1990 Resource Program. These generation resources can meet the rest of the likely range of BPA resource needs. Finally, a Resource Contingency Plan prepares BPA to reliably meet load in the event that load growth exceeds the likely range. 14 figs., 27 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1990-07-01

391

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis in Information Technology (IT) development has shifted from technology management to information management, and the tools of information management are increasingly at the disposal of end-users, people who deal with information. Moreover, the interactive capabilities of technologies such as hypertext, scientific visualization, virtual reality, video conferencing, and even database management systems have placed in the hands of users a significant amount of discretion over how these resources will be used. The emergence of high-performance networks, as well as network operating systems, improved interoperability, and platform independence of applications will eliminate technical barriers to the use of data, increase the power and range of resources that can be used cooperatively, and open up a wealth of possibilities for new applications. The very scope of these prospects for the immediate future is a problem for the IT planner or administrator. Technology procurement and implementation, integration of new technologies into the existing infrastructure, cost recovery and usage of networks and networked resources, training issues, and security concerns such as data protection and access to experiments are just some of the issues that need to be considered in the emerging IT environment. As managers we must use technology to improve competitiveness. When procuring new systems, we must take advantage of scalable resources. New resources such as distributed file systems can improve access to and efficiency of existing operating systems. In addition, we must assess opportunities to improve information worker productivity and information management through tedmologies such as distributed computational visualization and teleseminar applications.

Loken, S.C. [ed.

1993-01-01

392

Subsurface stratigraphic cross sections of cretaceous and lower tertiary rocks in the Wind River Basin, central Wyoming: Chapter 9 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas resources in the Wind River Basin Province, Wyoming  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The stratigraphic cross sections presented in this report were constructed as part of a project conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey to characterize and evaluate the undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Wind River Basin (WRB) in central Wyoming. The primary purpose of the cross sections is to show the stratigraphic framework and facies relations of Cretaceous and lower Tertiary rocks in this large, intermontane structural and sedimentary basin, which formed in the Rocky Mountain foreland during the Laramide orogeny (Late Cretaceous through early Eocene time). The WRB is nearly 200 miles (mi) long, 70 mi wide, and encompasses about 7,400 square miles (mi2) (fig. 1). The basin is structurally bounded by the Owl Creek and Bighorn Mountains on the north, the Casper arch on the east, the Granite Mountains on the south, and the Wind River Range on the west.

Finn, Thomas M.

2007-01-01

393

CAUSEweb Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Consortium for the Advancement of Undergraduate Statistics Education (CAUSE) was part of an initiative created by the American Statistical Association, and their website was designed to "support and advance undergraduate statistics education in four target areas resources, professional development, outreach, and research." With monies from the National Science Foundation, they created CAUSEweb, where they provide this set of resources for members of the undergraduate statistics education community. The resources are divided into eleven categories, including "analysis tools", "datasets", and "curriculum". "Curriculum" has 350 resources, including searchable databases of 1000 test questions for an introductory statistics course and a demonstration site that addresses nonprobability sampling. The "lecture examples" shouldn't be missed, as visitors can use these resources to complement their existing lectures and class presentations. The site is rounded out by a listing of their review criteria and editorial standards for determining which resources make the cut for inclusion here.

394

The application of GIS in identifying mineral resources in Libya  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In any country, natural mineral resources are considered the back-bone for the development of the industry and the country's economical growth. Exploration and mining for mineral ores and manufacturing and marketing these ores will add value to the country's national income. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology has an advantage over other information systems because it combines the conventional query operations with the ability to display and analyze spatial data from maps, satellite imagery, and aerial photography. Knowing the importance of mineral ores as a pilar of the economy this paper concentrates on mineral resources in Libya. Geographic information systems (GIS) was used for identifying mineral resources in Libya. Geodatabases were designed and all available information were stored in these geodatabases. The information was collected from scientific researchers, and geological and mining studies. The database also, included the Libyan international boundaries, the administrative boundaries and the oil and gas fields and pipelines, and such maps as geophysical and geological maps. Thus a comprehensive database was created containing all the information available concerning mineral resources in Libya.

Rekhibi, Soliman; Wadi, Monira; Said, Ali

2012-04-01

395

Energy resources of the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates are made of United States resources of coal, petroleum liquids, natural gas, uranium, geothermal energy, and oil from oil shale. Accuracy of the estimates probably ranges from 20 to 50 percent for identified-recoverable resources to about an order of magnitude for undiscovered-submarginal resources. The total cost resource base in the United States is estimated to be about 3,200 billion

P. K. Theobald; S. P. Schweinfurth; D. C. Duncan

1972-01-01

396

30 CFR 1202.557 - Must I pay royalty on insurance compensation for unavoidably lost gas?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...insurance compensation for unavoidably lost gas? 1202.557 Section 1202.557 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE ROYALTIES Gas Production From Indian Leases §...

2013-07-01

397

30 CFR 1202.550 - How do I determine the royalty due on gas production?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...do I determine the royalty due on gas production? 1202.550 Section... Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE ROYALTIES Gas Production From Indian Leases...

2013-07-01

398

30 CFR 1210.153 - What reports must I submit for Indian gas valuation purposes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What reports must I submit for Indian gas valuation purposes? 1210.153 ...153 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...Special-Purpose Forms and Reports-Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources §...

2013-07-01

399

Genetic toxicology: web resources.  

PubMed

Genetic toxicology is the scientific discipline dealing with the effects of chemical, physical and biological agents on the heredity of living organisms. The Internet offers a wide range of online digital resources for the field of Genetic Toxicology. The history of genetic toxicology and electronic data collections are reviewed. Web-based resources at US National Library of Medicine (NLM), including MEDLINE, PUBMED, Gateway, Entrez, and TOXNET, are discussed. Search strategies and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) are reviewed in the context of genetic toxicology. The TOXNET group of databases are discussed with emphasis on those databases with genetic toxicology content including GENE-TOX, TOXLINE, Hazardous Substances Data Bank, Integrated Risk Information System, and Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System. Location of chemical information including chemical structure and linkage to health and regulatory information using CHEMIDPLUS at NLM and other databases is reviewed. Various government agencies have active genetic toxicology research programs or use genetic toxicology data to assist fulfilling the agency's mission. Online resources at the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences, and the National Toxicology Program (NTP) are outlined. Much of the genetic toxicology for pharmaceuticals, industrial chemicals and pesticides that is performed in the world is regulatory-driven. Regulatory web resources are presented for the laws mandating testing, guidelines on study design, Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) regulations, and requirements for electronic data collection and reporting. The Internet provides a range of other supporting resources to the field of genetic toxicology. The web links for key professional societies and journals in genetic toxicology are listed. Distance education, educational media resources, and job placement services are also available online in the field of genetic toxicology. As molecular biology and computational tools improve, new areas within genetic toxicology such as structural activity relationship analysis, mutational spectra databases and toxicogenomics, now have resources online as well. PMID:11955688

Young, Robert R

2002-04-25

400

Eocene Formation of the Bering Sea basin linked to regional-scale tectonism of Alaska -- implications for energy gas resources and the accumulation of massive hydrate deposits (VAMPs)  

SciTech Connect

The creation of the deep-water Aleutian Basin (Bering Sea) is inextricably linked to the formation of the three co-genetic arcs that structurally frame the basin--the active Aleutian arc subduction zone (SZ), and the fossil submarine Shirshov and Bowers arcs. The origin of these arcs is tied to an early Eocene episode of accelerated tectonism and terrane movement that affected the north Pacific rim from British Columbia westward to Kamchatka. Transpressive tectonism was driven by rapid northward movement of the Kula plate into terrane-clogged SZs of southern Alaska and Kamchatka. A clogged Kamchatka SX and N-S compression of southern Alaska extruded interior Alaska southwestward along regional strike-slip shear zones toward the Beringian sector of the Pacific rim. Circum-north Pacific continental deformation transmitted shortening stresses to the adjacent Kula plate and formed the offshore family of SZs and arcs that cordoned off the Aleutian Basin from the Pacific Basin. The basin`s sedimentary sequence (4-12 km) is largely terrigenous in character, but dominantly diatomaceous deposits characterize turbidite beds that seismic relection data reveal host localized massive deposits of methane gas hydrate velocity structures termed VAMPs, which are detected at a subsurface depth of 400-500 m as anaomalous velocity pull-up domes (high velocity hydrate masses) overlying a high-amplitude BSR reflection and velocity push-down depressions below (low velocity gas). VAMPs record sealing of porous beds with hydrate deposits that block vertically migrating thermogenic gases generated from underlying Miocene and older basinal deposits. The volume of hydrated and free gas at a typical VAMP can exceed 0.3 TCF. A conservative estimate of the basin-wide ({approximately}400,000 km {sup 2}) volume of methane associated with VAMPs is 1100-900 TCF.

Scholl, D.W.; Stevenson, A.J.; Hart, P.E. [Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

1995-04-01

401

North American Natural Gas Markets  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes die research by an Energy Modeling Forum working group on the evolution of the North American natural gas markets between now and 2010. The group's findings are based partly on the results of a set of economic models of the natural gas industry that were run for four scenarios representing significantly different conditions: two oil price scenarios (upper and lower), a smaller total US resource base (low US resource case), and increased potential gas demand for electric generation (high US demand case). Several issues, such as the direction of regulatory policy and the size of the gas resource base, were analyzed separately without the use of models.

Not Available

1989-02-01

402

North American Natural Gas Markets  

SciTech Connect

This report sunnnarizes the research by an Energy Modeling Forum working group on the evolution of the North American natural gas markets between now and 2010. The group's findings are based partly on the results of a set of economic models of the natural gas industry that were run for four scenarios representing significantly different conditions: two oil price scenarios (upper and lower), a smaller total US resource base (low US resource case), and increased potential gas demand for electric generation (high US demand case). Several issues, such as the direction of regulatory policy and the size of the gas resource base, were analyzed separately without the use of models.

Not Available

1988-12-01

403

Academic Administrator's Guide to Budgets and Financial Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed for administrators who need guidance in managing the fiscal resources of a department or unit. Using this book, administrators can understand the broad fiscal context of their institutions and master their own roles within the institution. The chapters are: (1) "Money, Money, Money"; (2) "Unraveling the Budget"; (3) "The…

Barr, Margaret J.

404

Introduction of Ambulatory Medical Training in a Veterans Administration Hospital.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of a continuity of a care clinic in a highly subspecialized Veterans Administration internal medicine training program for postgraduate medical students is described, with focus on resolving problems created by the idiosyncratic administrative features and resource limitations of the hospital. (Author/JMD)

Casciato, Dennis A.

1979-01-01

405

Succession Management: A Necessary Strategy for Rural School Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses succession planning for rural educational administrators, focusing on management succession practices, responsibilities, and policies that ensure the efficient and effective transition of rural administrators. In planning their human resources, all organizations must match the needs of the organization with the shifting needs…

Wallin, Dawn C.

406

Reauthorizing RCRA. [Resource Conservation and Recovery Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the current activities of Congress toward reauthorization of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and how it will affect waste management and resource recovery. The topics of the article include the actions of the Senate, the House, and the Administration toward reauthorization, pollution prevention, recycling, capacity and transport, underregulated waste streams, federal facilities, and subtitle C corrections.

P. T. Cummings; K. L. Bywaters

1992-01-01

407

Human Resource Managers Rank Their Pressure Points.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 700 top-level human resource executives that elicited 309 responses revealed the highest priority ranking of 24 human resource issues to be: productivity improvement, controlling costs of employee benefits, compensation planning and administration, employee communications, upgrading management training development programs,…

Herring, Jack

1983-01-01

408

Testing and Analyzing of Solar Energy Resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

The solar energy resource of two typical areas was tested by taking advantage of different instruments from home and abroad in Inner Mongolia. Compared the actually tested data with satellite data from National Aeronautics and Space Administration, energy cost was estimated in different solar energy resource conditions through the use of RETScreen project analysis software form Canada. Analysis results show

Zhao Mingzhi; Liu Zhizhang; Zhang Qingzhu

2010-01-01

409

American Indian Cultural Resources: A Preservation Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed for use by American Indian tribes, archaeologists, law enforcement officials, local/state/federal administrators in charge of cultural resources management matters, and the general public, this handbook has been compiled to serve as a practical guide to protecting American Indian cultural resources in Oregon. The book brings together…

Gorospe, Kathy

410

The space transportation resources (STR) database description  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the on-going development of the Space Transportation Resources (STR) database. In January 1998, the Advanced Space Transportation Program Office of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) tasked Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) to develop an interactive database of space transportation resources. A summary of important milestones and the requirements associated with

Jeffrey A. Sandubrae; Heather A. Roberts; C. Lee Varnado

1999-01-01

411

Implementing CORAL: An Electronic Resource Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 2010 electronic resource management survey conducted by Maria Collins of North Carolina State University and Jill E. Grogg of University of Alabama Libraries found that the top six electronic resources management priorities included workflow management, communications management, license management, statistics management, administrative

Whitfield, Sharon

2011-01-01

412

Implementing CORAL: An Electronic Resource Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2010 electronic resource management survey conducted by Maria Collins of North Carolina State University and Jill E. Grogg of University of Alabama Libraries found that the top six electronic resources management priorities included workflow management, communications management, license management, statistics management, administrative

Whitfield, Sharon

2011-01-01

413

1992 Resource Program, 10 Year Plan : Draft II.  

SciTech Connect

The Resource Program is the Bonneville Power Administration`s primary process for deciding how to meet future electricity resource needs, how much new resources to develop, which types of resources to acquire or option and how to go about acquiring them, and how much BPA will have to spend for these resources. Recognizing that BPA must make a long-term commitment to acquiring conservation effectively, the 1992 Resource Program outlines a 10-year plan. Draft 2 of the 1992 Resource Program provides a framework for discussing the funding levels proposed in the Programs in Perspective (PIP) process. Previous final resource programs have been released prior to the PIP process. This version of the Resource Program recognizes that the PIP discussions are an integral part of the resource decision-making process and, therefore, it will be finalized after PIP.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-05-01

414

Special Education Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses a doctoral student's critique of an administrative internship experience and summarizes what was learned about school district and special education administration. An activity log outlining the internship activities is presented. (PHR)

Simpson, Robert G.; Lamb, Jack R.

1979-01-01

415

The New Administrative Computing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The past decade has seen dramatic changes in administrative computing, including more systems, more applications, a new group of computer users, and new opportunities for computer use in campus administration. (Author/MSE)|

Green, Kenneth C.

1988-01-01

416

Alaska Energy Inventory Project: Consolidating Alaska's Energy Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alaska has considerable energy resources distributed throughout the state including conventional oil, gas, and coal, and unconventional coalbed and shalebed methane, gas hydrates, geothermal, wind, hydro, and biomass. While much of the known large oil and gas resources are concentrated on the North Slope and in the Cook Inlet regions, the other potential sources of energy are dispersed across a

K. Papp; J. Clough; R. Swenson; P. Crimp; D. Hanson; P. Parker

2007-01-01

417

Using dissolved noble gas and isotopic tracers to evaluate the vulnerability of groundwater resources in a small, high elevation catchment to predicted climate changes  

SciTech Connect

We use noble gas concentrations and multiple isotopic tracers in groundwater and stream water in a small high elevation catchment to provide a snapshot of temperature, altitude, and physical processes at the time of recharge; and to determine subsurface residence times of different groundwater components. They identify three sources that contribute to groundwater flow: (1) seasonal groundwater recharge with short travel times, (2) water from bedrock aquifers that have elevated radiogenic {sup 4}He, and (3) upwelling of deep fluids that have 'mantle' helium and hydrothermal carbon isotope signatures. Although a bimodal distribution in apparent groundwater age indicates that groundwater storage times range from less than a year to several decades, water that recharges seasonally is the largest likely contributor to stream baseflow. Under climate change scnearios with earlier snowmelt, the groundwater that moves through the alluvial aquifer seasonally will be depleted earlier, providing less baseflow and possible extreme low flows in the creek during summer and fall. Dissolved noble gas measurements indciate recharge temperatures are 5 to 11 degrees higher than would be expected for direct influx of snowmelt, and that excess air concentrations are lower than would be expected for recharge through bedrock fractures. Instead, recharge likely occurs over diffuse vegetated areas, as indicated by {delta}{sup 13}C-DIC values that are consistent with incorporation of CO{sub 2} from soil respiration. Recharge temperatures are close to or slightly higher than mean annual air temperature, and are consistent with recharge during May and June, when snowpack melting occurs.

Singleton, M J; Moran, J E

2009-10-02

418

30 CFR 1206.152 - Valuation standards-unprocessed gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Valuation standards-unprocessed gas. 1206.152 Section 1206.152 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Gas § 1206.152 Valuation...

2013-07-01

419

30 CFR 1206.153 - Valuation standards-processed gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Valuation standards-processed gas. 1206.153 Section 1206.153 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Gas § 1206.153 Valuation...

2013-07-01

420

Alternative development strategies for natural gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Significant increases in worldwide natural-gas consumption during the last decade indicate that gas is increasingly considered a valuable and economic commodity. A summary of worldwide natural-gas reserves, production, and consumption statistics shows that worldwide gas use is not resource constrained. Only 10 percent of the gas produced is traded internationally and less than 3 percent is converted to liquefied natural

Attanasi

1993-01-01

421

Bioenergy: Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ohio State University provides this list of resources as part of their Renewable Energy Program. Resources include links to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, AgSTAR, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, and Cow Power Film. A short description is provided for each of sites highlighting their educational materials.

2013-06-21

422

Inventor's Resource  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Inventor Andy Gibbs developed the Inventor's Resource site to provide information to new inventors, intellectual property managers and intellectual property creators. The site features a newsletter, a yellow page of investors, copyright and trademark links, downloadable forms for inventors, and a listing of inventions for sale. The site also features annotated links to technological transfer resources, funding, patent laws, and international intellectual property organizations.

Gibbs, Andy.

1998-01-01

423

Special problems facing the psychiatrist-administrator.  

PubMed

Psychiatrists who become administrators often find themselves in an unfamiliar world of planning, budget and cost control, labor relations, and mental health law. They discover that the physical and mental demands of leadership are great, their role makes them highly visible, and their future is uncertain. Psychiatric administrators in general hospitals are in a unique position of competing for resources with medicine and surgery. In addition, the need for linkages to the community challenges the psychiatric administrator to deliver services to defined catchment areas, identify cases at risk, and establish halfway houses and similar facilities. While the author discusses primarily the stresses and problems of being a psychiatric administrator, he also says there are special satisfactions of the executive role. PMID:488931

Greenblatt, M

1979-11-01

424

Case Studies in Vocational Educational Administration: Leadership in Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These 51 case studies are an educational resource to assist practicing and aspiring vocational education administrators. Introductory materials include a description of the format, learning environments and curriculum design, and learner preparation and modalities. Two references and 10 resources are listed. The cases are organized into 12…

Finch, Curtis R.; And Others

425

Research on pay equity and organization efficiency of compensation administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Money as a vital resource of an organization should be managed effectively and efficiently. And money resource in a compensation administration has close connection with organizations' strategy, compensation philosophies, organization size and environment. In order to realize pay equity and increase organizational efficiency, distributive justice, interactive justice and chance justice should be considered and competing compensation program should also be

Li Zhe

2010-01-01

426

66 FR 40245 - Notice of Order Imposing Reporting Requirements on Natural Gas Sales to California Market  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the rule in Continental Oil. The Commission's...requests that sellers of natural gas identify whether the...Burlinton Resources Oil & Gas Company LP, Conoco...Resources LLC, Marathon Oil, Texaco Natural Gas Inc. National...

2001-08-02

427

Is Shale Gas Good for Climate Change?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shale gas is a new energy resource that has shifted the dominant paradigm on U.S. hydrocarbon resources. Some have argued that shale gas will play an important role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions by displacing coal used for electricity, serving as a moderate-carbon \\

Daniel P. Schrag

2012-01-01

428

US potential gas supplies  

SciTech Connect

During a period of accelerated drilling, the Potential Gas Committee has lowered its estimate of the future gas resources. This apparent paradox is solved by an explanation of some of the intricacies involved in preparing the estimates. The industry is drilling in resources already predicted; they are not opening up new potentials. Successful completions also move the gas from a potential to a proven category, and so the potential is revised downward. For example, the ''probable'' category lost 1 TCF. 27 TCF was removed from potential to proven, but 26 TCF was moved from possible and speculative categories to replenish the probable. Another example: the speculative category lost 33 TCF. But this is encouraging as it signifies that potential resource is moving from less certain into more certain classification. The effects of drilling activity, price levels, supply and demand, and restudy and analysis on the potential resource estimate is also studied.

Herrington, J.C.

1983-06-01

429

Outer Continental Shelf oil and gas moratoria. Hearing before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, September 17, 1985  

SciTech Connect

Representatives of oil and gas producing states, the petroleum and mineral industry, environmental agencies and groups, and others testified on the impact which a lease moratorium affecting the Outer Continental Shelf will have, specifically on California. Among the issues raised were the current oil glut and the need to take a long view in energy production, the environmental risks of offshore drilling, and the economic impact on drilling companies and those who manufacture drilling equipment. The moratorium would affect only the proposal to expand leasing and drilling operations, not platforms already in operation in the tidelands and off the coast of California. Two appendices with additional responses and material submitted for the record follows the testimony of the 24 witnesses.

Not Available

1985-01-01

430

Global Hydrology Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Global Hydrology Resource Center (GHRC) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration provides data ingest, archive, and distribution services for the Global Hydrology and Climate Center (GHCC). Eight categories of online data are available to download using FTP. These include MSFC SSM/I Brightness Temperature, MSFC SSM/I Daily Gridded Products, and MSU Daily/Monthly Anomalies/Annual Cycle Temperatures-Limb90. The entire database can be viewed through HyDRO, the Hydrologic Data search, Retrieval, and Order system. Note that some data is restricted to Earth Observing System (EOS) affiliated investigators.

2007-08-05

431

Global Hydrology Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Global Hydrology Resource Center (GHRC) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration provides data ingest, archive, and distribution services for the Global Hydrology and Climate Center (GHCC). Eight categories of online data are available to download using FTP. These include MSFC SSM/I Brightness Temperature, MSFC SSM/I Daily Gridded Products, and MSU Daily/Monthly Anomalies/Annual Cycle Temperatures-Limb90. The entire database can be viewed through HyDRO, the Hydrologic Data search, Retrieval, and Order system. Note that some data is restricted to Earth Observing System (EOS) affiliated investigators.

1997-01-01

432

1. Overview of Hailey Administrative Site looking west. Garage/Equipment building ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Overview of Hailey Administrative Site looking west. Garage/Equipment building left foreground, Office rear center, Gas and Oil House on the right. - Hailey Administrative Site, 309 South Main Street, Hailey, Blaine County, ID

433

H.R. 1282: A Bill to provide enhanced energy security through incentives to explore and develop frontier areas of the Outer Continental Shelf and to enhance production of the domestic oil and gas resources in deep water areas of the Outer Continental Shelf. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, March 10, 1993  

SciTech Connect

The report H.R. 1282 is a bill to provide enhanced energy security through incentives to explore and develop frontier areas of the Outer Continental Shelf and to enhance production of the domestic oil and gas resources in deep water areas. The proposed legislative text is included.

NONE

1993-12-31

434

H.R. 73: A Bill to protect the ecologically fragile coastal resources of south Florida by prohibiting offshore oil and gas activities and by cancelling Federal leases in the area of the Outer Continental Shelf adjacent to the south Florida coast. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First session  

SciTech Connect

This document contains H.R. 73, A Bill to protect the ecologically fragile coastal resources of south Florida by prohibiting offshore oil and gas activities and by cancelling Federal leases in the area of the Outer Continental Shelf adjacent to south Florida. This Bill was introduced in the House of Representatives, 104th Congress, First Session, January 4, 1995.

NONE

1995-12-31

435

US nonrenewable energy resources as of December 31, 1979  

Microsoft Academic Search

The remaining recoverable fossil fuels are estimated and summarized in four tables, namely: (1) conventional natural gas resources; (2) conventional crude oil resources; (3) summary of all nonrenewable resources, based on publications of agencies reporting in (1) and (2); and (4) life of US fossil-fuel resources at various demand growth rates. No claim is made for the accuracy of disputed

1980-01-01

436

21 CFR 868.6400 - Calibration gas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES Miscellaneous § 868.6400 Calibration gas. (a) Identification. A calibration gas is a...

2013-04-01

437

Streamlining administration at the University of Minnesota Medical School.  

PubMed

The authors describe the events and restructuring efforts of the 1990s that led the University of Minnesota Medical School leadership to advocate a new administrative model for its clinical departments. This new streamlined model established six administrative centers, each serving a cluster of two to four clinical departments. Each administrative center was charged with managing functions of finance, human resources, information technology, clinical service unit operations, research support, and education support for its departments. These centers, first proposed in 1993 when an outside firm analyzed the medical school's administration, were initially seen by most medical school department heads as too radical. Yet, after a campaign of one-on-one persuasion by medical school dean's office leadership, combined with a successful example of clustering that occurred spontaneously among three medical school departments, the administrative centers were launched in late 1998 to serve clustered clinical departments. The administrative centers were intended to improve departmental responsiveness to the dean of the medical school; improve internal medical school controls; improve on administrative services traditionally provided by outside units, such as grants management and information systems; and reduce administrative costs. Since their establishment, these administrative centers have evolved into a flexible, efficient system of administration. In a 2005 evaluation, ECG Management Consultants found the administrative center model appropriate and effective in managing the school's clinical departments. In addition, the consultants estimated that if the medical school still had stand-alone departmental administrative units, annual administrative costs would be $3 million higher. PMID:17327713

Mitsch, Peter; Jensen, Allison Campbell

2007-03-01

438

Energy Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Energy fuels our planet. Find out where we get our energy and how we have developed technologies to fulfill our energy needs. Learn how our increasing demand for energy affects the environment and how we are addressing the negative effects of that demand through conservation efforts. How will we search for energy to fuel the twenty-first century? Explore these subjects through looking at the energy resources available for use, the history and development of technologies that use these energy resources, and the effect on the environment when we use these resources.

National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)

2005-04-01

439

Resource Economics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resource Economics is a text for students with a background in calculus, intermediate microeconomics, and a familiarity with the spreadsheet software Excel. The book covers basic concepts, shows how to set up spreadsheets to solve dynamic allocation problems, and presents economic models for fisheries, forestry, nonrenewable resources, stock pollutants, option value, and sustainable development. Within the text, numerical examples are posed and solved using Excel's Solver. Through these examples and additional exercises at the end of each chapter, students can make dynamic models operational, develop their economic intuition, and learn how to set up spreadsheets for the simulation of optimization of resource and environmental systems.

Conrad, Jon M.

1999-10-01

440

Foundations of Public Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human Resource Management is a core function of any organization because the people of the organization are its most important resource. Human Resource Management (HRM) ensures that the organization has the people it needs when it needs them. It creates and manages guidelines for recruiting, selecting and training new employees, compensating and rewarding employees appropriately, for disciplining and terminating them

Patricia W. Ingraham; Ndaia Rubaii-Barrett; Nadia Rubaii-Barrett

2007-01-01

441

World nonrenewable conventional energy resources as of December 31, 1983  

SciTech Connect

In this report, up-to-date estimates are presented for world proved reserves, remaining recoverable resources, annual production rates, and cumulative production of the nonrenewable energy resources: coal, natural gas, crude oil, natural gas liquids, bitumens, shale oil, and uranium oxide. Life indices for world fossil fuels are also presented for several annual growth rates. Nonconventional gas and oil resources, such as those that exist in formations of very low permeability, are not included. 2 figures, 4 tables.

Parent, J.

1985-05-27

442

World nonrenewable conventional energy resources as of December 31, 1984  

SciTech Connect

In this report, up-to-date estimates are presented for world proved reserves, remaining recoverable resources, annual production rates, and cumulative production of the nonrenewable energy resources: coal, natural gas, crude oil, natural gas liquids, bitumens, shale oil, and uranium oxide. Life indices for world fossil fuels are also presented for several annual growth rates. Nonconventional gas and oil resources, such as those that exist in formations of very low permeability, are not included. 2 figures, 5 tables.

Not Available

1986-04-21

443

Health Services Management in the Health Administration Curriculum. Report by the Curriculum Task Force on Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Critical decisions that need to be made by faculties of health administration education programs when developing and assessing the health services management portion of the curriculum are identified. Decisions should draw from the information available concerning professional target roles of graduates, graduate behavior expected, resources for…

Association of Univ. Programs in Health Administration, Washington, DC.

444

Disease Resources  

Cancer.gov

Key Programs Disease Resources The ASCUS/LSIL Triage Study for Cervical Cancer (ALTS) Human Papillomavirus Cervical Cancer Screening NCI Bethesda System 2001 The Bethesda System Web Atlas National Cervical Cancer Coalition American Social

445

Multimedia Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how the author uses multimedia resources, in this case video tapes, for two assignments: to teach job interviewing in his undergraduate business communication class; and to teach crisis communication in his graduate level advanced business communication class. (SR)|

Clark, Thomas

1997-01-01

446

Diabetes - resources  

MedlinePLUS

Resources - diabetes ... The following sites provide further information on diabetes : American Diabetes Association - www.diabetes.org Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International - www.jdrf.org National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion - ...

447

Herpes - resources  

MedlinePLUS

The following organizations are good resources for information on genital herpes : March of Dimes - www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/complications_herpes National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease - www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/genitalherpes The ...

448

Fiber resources  

Treesearch

Almost all pulp and paper fiber resources are plant materials obtained from trees or agricultural crops. ... and fibers recovered from recycled paper or paperboard. ... papermaking (e.g., synthetic plastic fibers) but very small quantities and only ...

449

Hemophilia - resources  

MedlinePLUS

Resources - hemophilia ... The following organizations provide further information on hemophilia : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hemophilia/index.html National Heart Lung and Blood Institute - www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ ...

450

Mangrove Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Florida Plants Online provides this resource on mangroves, featuring brief annotations and links to dozens of mangrove-related pages. Although the pages described at Florida Plants Online vary in depth and quality, many are worthwhile.

2000-01-01

451

Curriculum Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Offering science curriculum resources, this Web site is from John Burroughs School in St. Louis, Missouri. Designed for middle and high school classes at John Burroughs School, the resources focus on anatomy, life cycles, and plant identification. Many of the photo tutorials are arranged in a sequential order that makes them useful for students reviewing for an exam. Several of the tutorials may also be appropriate for college level courses.

452

The Veterans Administration Library Network: VALNET.  

PubMed Central

Given substantial federal budget cuts and ever-increasing quantities of print and nonprint material, Veterans Administration (VA) Library Services have pooled their resources in a network to improve the scope and efficiency of the services they provide. The VA Library Network, VALNET, composed of 176 libraries, serves health care facilities throughout the continental United States and Puerto Rico. This paper outlines VALNET's organization and the range of individual VA Library Services. It also describes centrally provided services and resource-sharing tools being developed by the VA, as well as significant sharing arrangement among VA Library Services and between the VA and non-VA libraries.

van Vuren, D D

1982-01-01

453

Resource economics: an economic approach to natural-resource and environmental policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resource economics as an essential component of policy decisions is explained. Although economics is the focal point and the unifying theme, the natural sciences and the legal, political, and administrative concerns are integrated with economic analysis whenever the opportunity arises. Real-world examples illustrate important concepts. Following a chapter that provides a perspective on the resource and environmental problems of the

Alan Randall

1981-01-01

454

18 CFR 385.503 - Consolidation, severance and extension of close-of-record date by Chief Administrative Law Judge...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

18 Conservation of Power and Water...Chief Administrative Law Judge (Rule 503...Section 385.503 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...Chief Administrative Law Judge (Rule...

2013-04-01

455

Gas Hydrates: It's a Gas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will discover the importance of carbon, where carbon is stored on Earth, and that the largest reservoir of carbon is in the form of gas hydrates where methane and other hydrocarbon gases are trapped in a lattice of water molecules in deep sea sediments. Students will learn how climate change is related to the greenhouse effect. They will also learn about the potential of hydrates as a major new energy resource, and explore the conditions under which hydrates form. In addition, students will understand the use of acoustics for mapping the sea floor and sub-sea floor.

456

30 CFR 1202.555 - What portion of the gas that I produce is subject to royalty?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false What portion of the gas that I produce is subject to royalty... Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE ROYALTIES Gas Production From Indian Leases...

2013-07-01

457

30 CFR 1202.556 - How do I determine the value of avoidably lost, wasted, or drained gas?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...avoidably lost, wasted, or drained gas? 1202.556 Section 1202.556 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE ROYALTIES Gas Production From Indian Leases §...

2013-07-01

458

Seismic reflections associated with submarine gas hydrates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Gas hydrates are often suggested as a future energy resource. This doctoral thesis improves the understanding of the concentration and distribution of natural submarine gas hydrates. The presence of these hydrates are commonly inferred from strong bottom ...

K. Andreassen

1995-01-01

459

Perspectives of Norwegian petroleum resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to relate the remaining Norwegian petroleum resources to a time perspective one has to make assumptions of the future production of oil and gas. If there is assumed an average annual oil production of 80 million tons (the average the last 5 years...

A. N. Nystad

1993-01-01

460

Inventory of world energy resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Worldwide inventories of crude oil, shale oil, natural gas, coal, and nuclear fuels published in the early and mid 1970s are reviewed. These data indicate a rapidly worsening fuel situation for Western Europe and Japan. In addition, alternative energy resources, including liquid hydrocarbons, (produced by the Fischer-Tropsch process), solar energy, hydroelectric power, geothermal energy, fast breeder reactors, and nuclear fusion

M. van Rysselberge

1977-01-01

461

Concerning Evaluation of Natural Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The natural wealth of the USSR is very great. In terms of proved reserves of many minerals â coal, gas, oil, iron ore, nonferrous and rare metal ores, etc. â our nation is among the first in the world. The Soviet Union also occupies first place in quantity and quality of timber resources (one-third of all stands of timber being

Iu. Sukhotin

1968-01-01

462

Maintaining the uranium resources data system and assessing the 1991 US uranium potential resources  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Uranium Resource Assessment Data (URAD) System contains information on potential resources (undiscovered) of uranium in the United States. The purpose of this report is: (1) to describe the work carried out to maintain and update the URAD system; (2) to assess the 1991 U.S. uranium potential resources in various cost categories; and (3) to describe the progress that has been made to automate the generation of the assessment reports and their subsequent transmittal by diskette.

McCammon, R.B. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States)); Finch, W.I.; Grundy, W.D.; Pierson, C.T. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States))