These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Coal gasification systems engineering and analysis. Volume 1: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Feasibility analyses and systems engineering studies for a 20,000 tons per day medium Btu (MBG) coal gasification plant to be built by TVA in Northern Alabama were conducted. Major objectives were as follows: (1) provide design and cost data to support the selection of a gasifier technology and other major plant design parameters, (2) provide design and cost data to support alternate product evaluation, (3) prepare a technology development plan to address areas of high technical risk, and (4) develop schedules, PERT charts, and a work breakdown structure to aid in preliminary project planning. Volume one contains a summary of gasification system characterizations. Five gasification technologies were selected for evaluation: Koppers-Totzek, Texaco, Lurgi Dry Ash, Slagging Lurgi, and Babcock and Wilcox. A summary of the trade studies and cost sensitivity analysis is included.

1980-01-01

2

Coal gasification systems engineering and analysis. Appendix A: Coal gasification catalog  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The scope of work in preparing the Coal Gasification Data Catalog included the following subtasks: (1) candidate system subsystem definition, (2) raw materials analysis, (3) market analysis for by-products, (4) alternate products analysis, (5) preliminary integrated facility requirements. Definition of candidate systems/subsystems includes the identity of and alternates for each process unit, raw material requirements, and the cost and design drivers for each process design.

1980-01-01

3

Gasification system  

DOEpatents

A method and system for injecting coal and process fluids into a fluidized bed gasification reactor. Three concentric tubes extend vertically upward into the fluidized bed. Coal particulates in a transport gas are injected through an inner tube, and an oxygen rich mixture of oxygen and steam are injected through an inner annulus about the inner tube. A gaseous medium relatively lean in oxygen content, such as steam, is injected through an annulus surrounding the inner annulus.

Haldipur, Gaurang B. (Hempfield, PA); Anderson, Richard G. (Penn Hills, PA); Cherish, Peter (Bethel Park, PA)

1983-01-01

4

Gasification system  

DOEpatents

A method and system for injecting coal and process fluids into a fluidized bed gasification reactor. Three concentric tubes extend vertically upward into the fluidized bed. Coal particulates in a transport gas are injected through an inner tube, and an oxygen rich mixture of oxygen and steam are injected through an inner annulus about the inner tube. A gaseous medium relatively lean in oxygen content, such as steam, is injected through an annulus surrounding the inner annulus.

Haldipur, Gaurang B. (Hempfield, PA); Anderson, Richard G. (Penn Hills, PA); Cherish, Peter (Bethel Park, PA)

1985-01-01

5

Coal gasification systems engineering and analysis, volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The major design related features of each generic plant system were characterized in a catalog. Based on the catalog and requirements data, approximately 17 designs and cost estimates were developed for MBG and alternate products. A series of generic trade studies was conducted to support all of the design studies. A set of cost and programmatic analyses were conducted to supplement the designs. The cost methodology employed for the design and sensitivity studies was documented and implemented in a computer program. Plant design and construction schedules were developed for the K-T, Texaco, and B&W MBG plant designs. A generic work breakdown structure was prepared, based on the K-T design, to coincide with TVA's planned management approach. An extensive set of cost sensitivity analyses was completed for K-T, Texaco, and B&W design. Product price competitiveness was evaluated for MBG and the alternate products. A draft management policy and procedures manual was evaluated. A supporting technology development plan was developed to address high technology risk issues. The issues were identified and ranked in terms of importance and tractability, and a plan developed for obtaining data or developing technology required to mitigate the risk.

1980-01-01

6

Coal gasification systems engineering and analysis. Appendix F: Critical technology items/issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Critical technology items and issues are defined in which there is a need for developmental research in order to assure technical and economic success for the state of the art of coal gasification in the United States. Technology development needs for the main processing units and the supporting units are discussed. While development needs are shown for a large number of systems, the most critical areas are associated with the gasifier itself and those systems which either feed the gasifier or directly receive products form the gasifier.

1980-01-01

7

Coal gasification systems engineering and analysis. Appendix H: Work breakdown structure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A work breakdown structure (WBS) is presented which encompasses the multiple facets (hardware, software, services, and other tasks) of the coal gasification program. The WBS is shown to provide the basis for the following: management and control; cost estimating; budgeting and reporting; scheduling activities; organizational structuring; specification tree generation; weight allocation and control; procurement and contracting activities; and serves as a tool for program evaluation.

1980-01-01

8

EMERY BIOMASS GASIFICATION POWER SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

Emery Recycling Corporation (now Emery Energy Company, LLC) evaluated the technical and economical feasibility of the Emery Biomass Gasification Power System (EBGPS). The gasifier technology is owned and being developed by Emery. The Emery Gasifier for this project was an oxygen-blown, pressurized, non-slagging gasification process that novelly integrates both fixed-bed and entrained-flow gasification processes into a single vessel. This unique internal geometry of the gasifier vessel will allow for tar and oil destruction within the gasifier. Additionally, the use of novel syngas cleaning processes using sorbents is proposed with the potential to displace traditional amine-based and other syngas cleaning processes. The work scope within this project included: one-dimensional gasifier modeling, overall plant process modeling (ASPEN), feedstock assessment, additional analyses on the proposed syngas cleaning process, plant cost estimating, and, market analysis to determine overall feasibility and applicability of the technology for further development and commercial deployment opportunities. Additionally, the project included the development of a detailed technology development roadmap necessary to commercialize the Emery Gasification technology. Process modeling was used to evaluate both combined cycle and solid oxide fuel cell power configurations. Ten (10) cases were evaluated in an ASPEN model wherein nine (9) cases were IGCC configurations with fuel-to-electricity efficiencies ranging from 38-42% and one (1) case was an IGFC solid oxide case where 53.5% overall plant efficiency was projected. The cost of electricity was determined to be very competitive at scales from 35-71 MWe. Market analysis of feedstock availability showed numerous market opportunities for commercial deployment of the technology with modular capabilities for various plant sizes based on feedstock availability and power demand.

Benjamin Phillips; Scott Hassett; Harry Gatley

2002-11-27

9

Integrated bioenergy conversion concepts for small scale gasification power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal and biological gasification are promising technologies for addressing the emerging concerns in biomass-based renewable energy, environmental protection and waste management. However, technical barriers such as feedstock quality limitations, tars, and high NOx emissions from biogas fueled engines impact their full utilization and make them suffer at the small scale from the need to purify the raw gas for most downstream processes, including power generation other than direct boiler use. The two separate gasification technologies may be integrated to better address the issues of power generation and waste management and to complement some of each technologies' limitations. This research project investigated the technical feasibility of an integrated thermal and biological gasification concept for parameters critical to appropriately matching an anaerobic digester with a biomass gasifier. Specific studies investigated the thermal gasification characteristics of selected feedstocks in four fixed-bed gasification experiments: (1) updraft gasification of rice hull, (2) indirect-heated gasification of rice hull, (3) updraft gasification of Athel wood, and (4) downdraft gasification of Athel and Eucalyptus woods. The effects of tars and other components of producer gas on anaerobic digestion at mesophilic temperature of 36°C and the biodegradation potentials and soil carbon mineralization of gasification tars during short-term aerobic incubation at 27.5°C were also examined. Experiments brought out the ranges in performance and quality and quantity of gasification products under different operating conditions and showed that within the conditions considered in the study, these gasification products did not adversely impact the overall digester performance. Short-term aerobic incubation demonstrated variable impacts on carbon mineralization depending on tar and soil conditions. Although tars exhibited low biodegradation indices, degradation may be improved if the microorganisms used to deal with tars are selected and pre-conditioned to the tar environment. Overall, the results provided a basis for operational and design strategy for a combined gasification system but further study is recommended such as determination of the impacts in terms of emissions, power, efficiency and costs associated with the use of producer gas-enriched biogas taking advantage of hydrogen enrichment to reduce NOx and other pollutants in reciprocating engines and other energy conversion systems.

Aldas, Rizaldo Elauria

10

Coal gasification systems engineering and analysis. Appendix C: Alternate product facility designs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The study of the production of methane, methanol, gasoline, and hydrogen by an add-on facility to a Koppers-Totzek based MBG plant is presented. Applications to a Texaco facility are inferred by evaluation of delta effects from the K-T cases. The production of methane from an add-on facility to a Lurgi based MBG plant and the co-production of methane and methanol from a Lurgi based system is studied. Studies are included of the production of methane from up to 50 percent of the MBG produced in an integrated K-T based plant and the production of methane from up to 50 percent of the MBG produced from an integrated plant in which module 1 is based on K-T technology and modules 2, 3, and 4 are based on Texaco technology.

1980-01-01

11

Integration of carbonate fuel cells with advanced coal gasification systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Carbonate fuel cells have attributes which make them ideally suited to operate on coal-derived fuel gas; they can convert the methane, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide present in coal derived fuel gas directly to electricity, are not subject to thermodynamic cycle limits as are heat engines, and operate at temperatures compatible with coal gasifiers. Some new opportunities for improved efficiency have been identified in integrated coal gasification/carbonate fuel cells which take advantage of low temperature catalytic coal gasification producing a methane-rich fuel gas, and the internal methane reforming capabilities of Energy Research Corporation's carbonate fuel cells. By selecting the appropriate operating conditions and catalyst in the gasifier, methane formation is maximized to improve gasification efficiency and to take advantage of the heat management aspects of the internal reforming carbonate fuel cell. These advanced integrated gasification/carbonate fuel cell systems are projected to have better efficiencies than gasification/carbonate fuel cell systems employing conventional gasification, and also competing non-fuel cell systems. These improved efficiencies would be accompanied by a corresponding reduction in impact on the environment as well.

Steinfeld, G.; Meyers, S. J.; Hauserman, W. B.

12

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC22  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a KBR Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report summarizes the results of TC22, the first test campaign using a high moisture lignite from Mississippi as the feedstock in the modified Transport Gasifier configuration. TC22 was conducted from March 24 to April 17, 2007. The gasification process was operated for 543 hours, increasing the total gasification operation at the PSDF to over 10,000 hours. The PSDF gasification process was operated in air-blown mode with a total of about 1,080 tons of coal. Coal feeder operation was challenging due to the high as-received moisture content of the lignite, but adjustments to the feeder operating parameters reduced the frequency of coal feeder trips. Gasifier operation was stable, and carbon conversions as high as 98.9 percent were demonstrated. Operation of the PCD and other support equipment such as the recycle gas compressor and ash removal systems operated reliably.

Southern Company Services

2008-11-01

13

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC20  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coal. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device (PCD), advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report summarizes the results of the first demonstration of the Transport Gasifier following significant modifications of the gasifier configuration. This demonstration took place during test campaign TC20, occurring from August 8 to September 23, 2006. The modifications proved successful in increasing gasifier residence time and particulate collection efficiency, two parameters critical in broadening of the fuel operating envelope and advancing gasification technology. The gasification process operated for over 870 hours, providing the opportunity for additional testing of various gasification technologies, such as PCD failsafe evaluation and sensor development.

Southern Company Services

2006-09-30

14

A Review of Fixed Bed Gasification Systems for Biomass  

Microsoft Academic Search

The gasification of biomass into useful fuel enhances its potential as a renewable energy resource. The fixed bed gasification systems are classified as updraft, Imbert downdraft, throatless downdraft, crossdraft and two stage gasifiers. Updraft gasifiers are suitable for gasification of biomass containing high ash (up to 15 %) and high moisture content (up to 50 %) and generate producer gas

Sangeeta Chopra; Anil Kr Jain

15

Solar heated fluidized bed gasification system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A solar-powered fluidized bed gasification system for gasifying carbonaceous material is presented. The system includes a solar gasifier which is heated by fluidizing gas and steam. Energy to heat the gas and steam is supplied by a high heat capacity refractory honeycomb which surrounds the fluid bed reactor zone. The high heat capacity refractory honeycomb is heated by solar energy focused on the honeycomb by solar concentrator through solar window. The fluid bed reaction zone is also heated directly and uniformly by thermal contact of the high heat capacity ceramic honeycomb with the walls of the fluidized bed reactor. Provisions are also made for recovering and recycling catalysts used in the gasification process. Back-up furnace is provided for start-up procedures and for supplying heat to the fluid bed reaction zone when adequate supplies of solar energy are not available.

Qader, S. A. (inventor)

1981-01-01

16

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaing TC18  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a KBR Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device (PCD), advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high pressure solids handling systems. This report details Test Campaign TC18 of the PSDF gasification process. Test campaign TC18 began on June 23, 2005, and ended on August 22, 2005, with the gasifier train accumulating 1,342 hours of operation using Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal. Some of the testing conducted included commissioning of a new recycle syngas compressor for gasifier aeration, evaluation of PCD filter elements and failsafes, testing of gas cleanup technologies, and further evaluation of solids handling equipment. At the conclusion of TC18, the PSDF gasification process had been operated for more than 7,750 hours.

Southern Company Services

2005-08-31

17

Economics of synfuel and gasification systems  

SciTech Connect

The performance characteristics of several gasification systems are discussed. Cost estimates of various synthetic fuels are presented. The lowest cost synthetic fuel is significantly above the current natural gas price of about $2.75/MMBtu and about equivalent to present oil prices at the plant gate. Gas prices for the Welman-Galusha gasifier would have to be increased significantly if the plant ran on two shifts only or if the gasifiers were not fully loaded. For industrial application the lowest cost fuel is probably the direct use of low sulfur coal with some post combustion pollution control. This is followed by the atmospheric fluidized bed combustor. Coal/oil mixtures and solvent refined coal liquids (SRC I or SRC II) are the next options. High Btu gas from a large coal gasification plant will be more competitive for industrial use. Large industrial uses in the range of 1000 tons of coal a day may find reduced costs with an entrained coal conversion unit such as a Texaco or the Saarberg-Otto Gasifiers. However, before 1985 when the gas price decontrol has been felt, it is unlikely that low Btu gas, medium Btu gas and methanol will be an economical choice for industrial users.

Hahn, O.J.

1981-01-01

18

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC24  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a KBR Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report summarizes the results of TC24, the first test campaign using a bituminous coal as the feedstock in the modified Transport Gasifier configuration. TC24 was conducted from February 16, 2008, through March 19, 2008. The PSDF gasification process operated for about 230 hours in air-blown gasification mode with about 225 tons of Utah bituminous coal feed. Operational challenges in gasifier operation were related to particle agglomeration, a large percentage of oversize coal particles, low overall gasifier solids collection efficiency, and refractory degradation in the gasifier solids collection unit. The carbon conversion and syngas heating values varied widely, with low values obtained during periods of low gasifier operating temperature. Despite the operating difficulties, several periods of steady state operation were achieved, which provided useful data for future testing. TC24 operation afforded the opportunity for testing of various types of technologies, including dry coal feeding with a developmental feeder, the Pressure Decoupled Advanced Coal (PDAC) feeder; evaluating a new hot gas filter element media configuration; and enhancing syngas cleanup with water-gas shift catalysts. During TC24, the PSDF site was also made available for testing of the National Energy Technology Laboratory's fuel cell module and Media Process Technology's hydrogen selective membrane.

Southern Company Services

2008-03-30

19

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC21  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coal. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device (PCD), advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report summarizes the results of the first demonstration of gasification operation with lignite coal following the 2006 gasifier configuration modifications. This demonstration took place during test campaign TC21, occurring from November 7, 2006, through January 26, 2007. The test campaign began with low sodium lignite fuel, and after 304 hours of operation, the fuel was changed to high sodium lignite, for 34 additional hours of operation. Both fuels were from the North Dakota Freedom mine. Stable operation with low sodium lignite was maintained for extended periods, although operation with high sodium lignite was problematic due to agglomeration formation in the gasifier restricting solids circulation.

Southern Company Services

2007-01-30

20

Case-study of a coal gasification-based energy supply system for China  

E-print Network

Case-study of a coal gasification-based energy supply system for China Zheng Hongtao Department gasification-based energy supply system that deploys gasification-based polygeneration technologies to meet clean fuels derived via coal gasification. Emissions of air pollutants in the SC scenario are compared

21

Damage monitoring of refractory wall in a generic entrained-bed slagging gasification system  

E-print Network

791 Damage monitoring of refractory wall in a generic entrained-bed slagging gasification system-bed slagging gasification systems is attributed to evolution of structural damage in the refractory walls. Early detection of such damage is necessary to avert unscheduled shutdown of a gasification plant

Ray, Asok

22

Improved system integration for integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems.  

PubMed

Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems are a promising technology for power generation. They include an air separation unit (ASU), a gasification system, and a gas turbine combined cycle power block, and feature competitive efficiency and lower emissions compared to conventional power generation technology. IGCC systems are not yet in widespread commercial use and opportunities remain to improve system feasibility via improved process integration. A process simulation model was developed for IGCC systems with alternative types of ASU and gas turbine integration. The model is applied to evaluate integration schemes involving nitrogen injection, air extraction, and combinations of both, as well as different ASU pressure levels. The optimal nitrogen injection only case in combination with an elevated pressure ASU had the highest efficiency and power output and approximately the lowest emissions per unit output of all cases considered, and thus is a recommended design option. The optimal combination of air extraction coupled with nitrogen injection had slightly worse efficiency, power output, and emissions than the optimal nitrogen injection only case. Air extraction alone typically produced lower efficiency, lower power output, and higher emissions than all other cases. The recommended nitrogen injection only case is estimated to provide annualized cost savings compared to a nonintegrated design. Process simulation modeling is shown to be a useful tool for evaluation and screening of technology options. PMID:16568789

Frey, H Christopher; Zhu, Yunhua

2006-03-01

23

Biomass gasification in district heating systems – The effect of economic energy policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biomass gasification is considered a key technology in reaching targets for renewable energy and CO2 emissions reduction. This study evaluates policy instruments affecting the profitability of biomass gasification applications integrated in a Swedish district heating (DH) system for the medium-term future (around year 2025). Two polygeneration applications based on gasification technology are considered in this paper: (1) a biorefinery plant

Elisabeth Wetterlund; Mats Söderström

2010-01-01

24

Fluidized bed gasification ash reduction and removal system  

DOEpatents

In a fluidized bed gasification system an ash removal system to reduce the particulate ash to a maximum size or smaller, allow the ash to cool to a temperature lower than the gasifier and remove the ash from the gasifier system. The system consists of a crusher, a container containing level probes and a means for controlling the rotational speed of the crusher based on the level of ash within the container.

Schenone, Carl E. (Madison, PA); Rosinski, Joseph (Vanderbilt, PA)

1984-02-28

25

Introduction Systems Engineering Fundamentals ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

Introduction Systems Engineering Fundamentals i SYSTEMS ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS January 2001;Systems Engineering Fundamentals Introduction ii #12;Introduction Systems Engineering Fundamentals iii ............................................................................................................................................. iv PART 1. INTRODUCTION Chapter 1. Introduction to Systems Engineering Management

Rhoads, James

26

Power Systems Development Facility: High Temperature, High Pressure Filtration in Gasification Operation  

SciTech Connect

High temperature, high pressure gas filtration is a fundamental component of several advanced coal-fired power systems. This paper discusses the hot-gas filter vessel operation in coal gasification mode at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF). The PSDF, near Wilsonville, Alabama, is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Southern Company, and other industrial participants currently including the Electric Power Research Institute, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation, Kellogg Brown & Root Inc. (KBR), and Peabody Energy. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems designed at sufficient size to provide data for commercial scale-up.

Martin, R.A.; Guan, X.; Gardner, B.; Hendrix, H.

2002-09-18

27

Distributed optical fiber temperature sensor applied in underground coal gasification system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Distributed optical fiber temperature sensor (DTS) for underground coal gasification (UCG) system using is studied in this paper. By measuring temperature of reacting mine gasification process can be controlled. Calibration of DTS and experiment result are introduced. The results show that, DTS can play an important role in UCG systems.

Wang, Jianfeng; Hu, Chuanlong; Zhang, Zaixuan; Gong, Huaping; Jin, Yongxing; Shen, Changyu

2010-12-01

28

Co-gasification of municipal solid waste and material recovery in a large-scale gasification and melting system.  

PubMed

This study evaluates the effects of co-gasification of municipal solid waste with and without the municipal solid waste bottom ash using two large-scale commercial operation plants. From the viewpoint of operation data, there is no significant difference between municipal solid waste treatment with and without the bottom ash. The carbon conversion ratios are as high as 91.7% and 95.3%, respectively and this leads to significantly low PCDD/DFs yields via complete syngas combustion. The gross power generation efficiencies are 18.9% with the bottom ash and 23.0% without municipal solid waste bottom ash, respectively. The effects of the equivalence ratio are also evaluated. With the equivalence ratio increasing, carbon monoxide concentration is decreased, and carbon dioxide and the syngas temperature (top gas temperature) are increased. The carbon conversion ratio is also increased. These tendencies are seen in both modes. Co-gasification using the gasification and melting system (Direct Melting System) has a possibility to recover materials effectively. More than 90% of chlorine is distributed in fly ash. Low-boiling-point heavy metals, such as lead and zinc, are distributed in fly ash at rates of 95.2% and 92.0%, respectively. Most of high-boiling-point heavy metals, such as iron and copper, are distributed in metal. It is also clarified that slag is stable and contains few harmful heavy metals such as lead. Compared with the conventional waste management framework, 85% of the final landfill amount reduction is achieved by co-gasification of municipal solid waste with bottom ash and incombustible residues. These results indicate that the combined production of slag with co-gasification of municipal solid waste with the bottom ash constitutes an ideal approach to environmental conservation and resource recycling. PMID:22093706

Tanigaki, Nobuhiro; Manako, Kazutaka; Osada, Morihiro

2012-04-01

29

Coal properties and system operating parameters for underground coal gasification  

SciTech Connect

Through the model experiment for underground coal gasification, the influence of the properties for gasification agent and gasification methods on underground coal gasifier performance were studied. The results showed that pulsating gasification, to some extent, could improve gas quality, whereas steam gasification led to the production of high heating value gas. Oxygen-enriched air and backflow gasification failed to improve the quality of the outlet gas remarkably, but they could heighten the temperature of the gasifier quickly. According to the experiment data, the longitudinal average gasification rate along the direction of the channel in the gasifying seams was 1.212 m/d, with transverse average gasification rate 0.069 m/d. Experiment indicated that, for the oxygen-enriched steam gasification, when the steam/oxygen ratio was 2:1, gas compositions remained stable, with H{sub 2} + CO content virtually standing between 60% and 70% and O{sub 2} content below 0.5%. The general regularities of the development of the temperature field within the underground gasifier and the reasons for the changes of gas quality were also analyzed. The 'autopneumatolysis' and methanization reaction existing in the underground gasification process were first proposed.

Yang, L. [China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou (China)

2008-07-01

30

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT REPORT: WELLMAN-GALUSHA LOW-BTU GASIFICATION SYSTEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report, an Environmental Assessment Report (EAR) for Wellman-Galusha low-Btu gasification systems, is part of an overall environmental assessment program for low-medium-Btu gasification technology. This EAR provides EPA administrators and program offices with a document repre...

31

Gasification of refuse derived fuel in the Battelle high throughput gasification system  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an experimental program to demonstrate the suitability of the Battelle High Throughput Gasification Process to non-wood biomass fuels. An extensive data base on wood gasification was generated during a multi-year experimental program. This data base and subsequent design and economic analysis activities led to the discussion to study the gasification character of other fuels. The specific fuel studied was refuse derived fuel (RDF) which is a prepared municipal solid waste (MSW). The use of RDF, while providing a valuable fuel, can also provide a solution to MSW disposal problems. Gasification of MSW provides advantages over land fill or mass burn technology since a more usable form of energy, medium Btu gas, is produced. Land filling of wastes produces no usable products and mass burning while greatly reducing the volume of wastes for disposal can produce only steam. This steam must be used on site or very nearby this limiting the potential locations for mass burn facilities. Such a gas, if produced from currently available supplies of MSW, can contribute 2 quads to the US energy supply. 3 refs., 12 figs., 7 tabs.

Paisley, M.A.; Creamer, K.S.; Tweksbury, T.L.; Taylor, D.R. (Battelle Columbus Div., Washington, DC (USA))

1989-07-01

32

Co-gasification of municipal solid waste and material recovery in a large-scale gasification and melting system  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study evaluates the effects of co-gasification of MSW with MSW bottom ash. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer No significant difference between MSW treatment with and without MSW bottom ash. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer PCDD/DFs yields are significantly low because of the high carbon conversion ratio. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Slag quality is significantly stable and slag contains few hazardous heavy metals. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The final landfill amount is reduced and materials are recovered by DMS process. - Abstract: This study evaluates the effects of co-gasification of municipal solid waste with and without the municipal solid waste bottom ash using two large-scale commercial operation plants. From the viewpoint of operation data, there is no significant difference between municipal solid waste treatment with and without the bottom ash. The carbon conversion ratios are as high as 91.7% and 95.3%, respectively and this leads to significantly low PCDD/DFs yields via complete syngas combustion. The gross power generation efficiencies are 18.9% with the bottom ash and 23.0% without municipal solid waste bottom ash, respectively. The effects of the equivalence ratio are also evaluated. With the equivalence ratio increasing, carbon monoxide concentration is decreased, and carbon dioxide and the syngas temperature (top gas temperature) are increased. The carbon conversion ratio is also increased. These tendencies are seen in both modes. Co-gasification using the gasification and melting system (Direct Melting System) has a possibility to recover materials effectively. More than 90% of chlorine is distributed in fly ash. Low-boiling-point heavy metals, such as lead and zinc, are distributed in fly ash at rates of 95.2% and 92.0%, respectively. Most of high-boiling-point heavy metals, such as iron and copper, are distributed in metal. It is also clarified that slag is stable and contains few harmful heavy metals such as lead. Compared with the conventional waste management framework, 85% of the final landfill amount reduction is achieved by co-gasification of municipal solid waste with bottom ash and incombustible residues. These results indicate that the combined production of slag with co-gasification of municipal solid waste with the bottom ash constitutes an ideal approach to environmental conservation and resource recycling.

Tanigaki, Nobuhiro, E-mail: tanigaki.nobuhiro@nsc-eng.co.jp [Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd. (Head Office), Osaki Center Building 1-5-1, Osaki, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-8604 (Japan); Manako, Kazutaka [Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd., 46-59, Nakabaru, Tobata-ku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 804-8505 (Japan); Osada, Morihiro [Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd. (Head Office), Osaki Center Building 1-5-1, Osaki, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-8604 (Japan)

2012-04-15

33

Coal gasification combined-cycle system analysis. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of the second phase of a study involving combustion turbine power plants using coal gasification. The study concentrated on systems integration and the optimization of power plant conceptual designs. In order of importance, the objectives of the study were to: (1) determine potential levels of thermal efficiency for well integrated gasified coal combined cycle (GCC) systems employing current technology combustion turbines and near-commercial, oxygen-blown Texaco gasifiers. (2) Quantify the effects of varying key design parameters of various components on overall plant performance. (3) Project potential levels of performance made possible by using advanced, combustion turbines and advanced gasifiers in well-integrated gasification power plants. To meet these objectives emphasis was placed on effective waste heat management and practicality in synthesizing overall power plant arrangements. Evaluations were confined to thermodynamic analysis and did not include equipment cost estimation. Current technology systems were defined which yielded thermal efficiencies in the range of 35 to 37%. It was found that approximately one percentage point in thermal efficiency could be realized by using either the British Gas Corporation (BGC) slagging, fixed-bed gasifier or the air-blown Texaco gasifier in place of the oxygen-blown Texaco gasifier. Two percentage points were gained by increasing the gas turbine combustor exit temperature about 300/sup 0/F. These results suggest the possibility of approaching 40% in practical future power plants. Cost-effective configurations with such performance levels are expected to offer a more than competitive alternative to conventional coal-fired steam power plants equipped to meet emission standards.

Hamilton, S.; Garow, J.; Lehman, S.J.

1980-04-01

34

DIFFUSION COATINGS FOR CORROSION RESISTANT COMPONENTS IN COAL GASIFICATION SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

Heat-exchangers, filters, turbines, and other components in integrated coal gasification combined cycle system must withstand demanding conditions of high temperatures and pressure differentials. Under the highly sulfiding conditions of the high temperature coal gas, the performance of components degrade significantly with time unless expensive high alloy materials are used. Deposition of a suitable coating on a low cost alloy may improve is resistance to such sulfidation attack and decrease capital and operating costs. A review of the literature indicates that the corrosion reaction is the competition between oxidation and sulfidation reactions. The Fe- and Ni-based high-temperature alloys are susceptible to sulfidation attack unless they are fortified with high levels of Cr, Al, and Si. To impart corrosion resistance, these elements need not be in the bulk of the alloy and need only be present at the surface layers.

Gopala N. Krishnan; Ripudaman Malhotra; Angel Sanjurjo

2004-05-01

35

Industrial and Systems engineering  

E-print Network

Industrial and Systems engineering COLLEGE of ENGINEERING DepartmentofIndustrialandSystemsEngineering EDGE Engineering Entrepreneur Certificate Program is a great addition to an industrial and systems to expert clinical recommendations. engineering.wayne.edu/isefaculty Industrial and systems engineering

Berdichevsky, Victor

36

Systems analysis of integrating biomass gasification with pulp and paper production – Effects on economic performance, CO 2 emissions and energy use  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates system aspects of biorefineries based on biomass gasification integrated with pulp and paper production. As a case the Billerud Karlsborg mill is used. Two biomass gasification concepts are considered: BIGDME (biomass integrated gasification dimethyl ether production) and BIGCC (biomass integrated gasification combined cycle). The systems analysis is made with respect to economic performance, global CO2 emissions and

Elisabeth Wetterlund; Karin Pettersson; Simon Harvey

2011-01-01

37

Energy production from biomass (part 3): gasification technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conversion of biomass by gasification into a fuel suitable for use in a gas engine increases greatly the potential usefulness of biomass as a renewable resource. Gasification is a robust proven technology that can be operated either as a simple, low technology system based on a fixed-bed gasifier, or as a more sophisticated system using fluidized-bed technology. The properties

Peter McKendry

2002-01-01

38

Reuse in Systems Engineering Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

1 Lecture 12 Reuse in Systems Engineering Systems Engineering Dr. Joanna Bryson Dr. Leon Watts should be able to: Explain why reuse is important in systems engineering. Define the term "Reuse engineering Systems engineering projects generally involve engineers from different disciplines. Different

Bryson, Joanna J.

39

Utilisation of Malaysian Coal: Merit Pila in the Gasification System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gasification is the most efficient Clean Coal Technology. Gasification of Merit Pila coal had been studied in a laboratory-scale, atmospheric fluidized bed gasifier using air and air-steam as fluidizing agent. Merit Pila coal was chosen for the gasification study because of its high reactivity in nitrogen. Determination of the producer gas compositions were conducted using Gas Chromatography. Gasification experiments were conducted at bed temperature of 650-800 °C, different equivalence ratios, ER and different bed heights. Low heating value, LHVpg of the producer gas were in the range of 2.0-5.5 MJ/Nm3. Introduction of steam as the gasifying agents had shown significant increased of CO, CH4 and H2 contents in producer gas. LHV also increased about 35% with the presence of steam.

Othman, Nor Fadzilah; Bosrooh, Mohd Hariffin; Majid, Kamsani Abdul

2011-06-01

40

Advanced hot gas cleaning system for coal gasification processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States electric industry is entering a period where growth and the aging of existing plants will mandate a decision on whether to repower, add capacity, or do both. The power generation cycle of choice, today, is the combined cycle that utilizes the Brayton and Rankine cycles. The combustion turbine in a combined cycle can be used in a repowering mode or in a greenfield plant installation. Today's fuel of choice for new combined cycle power generation is natural gas. However, due to a 300-year supply of coal within the United States, the fuel of the future will include coal. Westinghouse has supported the development of coal-fueled gas turbine technology over the past thirty years. Working with the U.S. Department of Energy and other organizations, Westinghouse is actively pursuing the development and commercialization of several coal-fueled processes. To protect the combustion turbine and environment from emissions generated during coal conversion (gasification/combustion) a gas cleanup system must be used. This paper reports on the status of fuel gas cleaning technology and describes the Westinghouse approach to developing an advanced hot gas cleaning system that contains component systems that remove particulate, sulfur, and alkali vapors. The basic process uses ceramic barrier filters for multiple cleaning functions.

Newby, R. A.; Bannister, R. L.

1994-04-01

41

FEED SYSTEM INNOVATION FOR GASIFICATION OF LOCALLY ECONOMICAL ALTERNATIVE FUELS (FIGLEAF)  

SciTech Connect

The Feed System Innovation for Gasification of Locally Economical Alternative Fuels (FIGLEAF) project is being conducted by the Energy and Environmental Research Center and Gasification Engineering Corporation of Houston, Texas (a subsidiary of Global Energy Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio), with 80% cofunding from the U.S. Department of Energy. The goal of the project is to identify and evaluate low-value fuels that could serve as alternative feedstocks and to develop a feed system to facilitate their use in integrated gasification combined cycle and gasification coproduction facilities. The long-term goal, to be accomplished in a subsequent project, is to install a feed system for the selected fuels at Global Energy's commercial-scale 262-MW Wabash River Coal Gasification Facility in West Terre Haute, Indiana. The feasibility study undertaken for the project consists of identifying and evaluating the economic feasibility of potential fuel sources, developing a feed system design capable of providing a fuel at 400 psig to the second stage of the E-Gas (Destec) gasifier to be cogasified with coal at up to 30% on a Btu basis, performing bench- and pilot-scale testing to verify concepts and clarify decision-based options, reviewing prior art with respect to high-pressure feed system designs, and determining the economics of cofeeding alternative feedstocks with the conceptual feed system design. Activities and results thus far include the following. Several potential alternative fuels have been obtained for evaluation and testing as potential feedstocks, including sewage sludge, used railroad ties, urban wood waste, municipal solid waste, and used waste tires/tire-derived fuel. Only fuels with potential tipping fees were considered; potential energy crop fuels were not considered since they would have a net positive cost to the plant. Based on the feedstock assessment, sewage sludge has been selected as one of the primary feedstocks for consideration at the Wabash plant. Because of the limited waste heat available for drying and the ability of the gasifier to operate with alternative feedstocks at up to 80% moisture, a decision was made to investigate a pumping system for delivering the as-received fuel across the pressure boundary. High-temperature drop-tube furnace tests were conducted to determine if explosive fragmentation of high-moisture sludge droplets could be expected, but showed that these droplets underwent a shrinking and densification process that implies that the sludge will have to be well dispersed when injected into the gasifier. Fuel dispersion nozzles have been obtained for measuring how well the sludge can be dispersed in the second stage of the gasifier. Future work will include leasing a Schwing America pump to test pumping sewage sludge against 400 psig. In addition, sludge dispersion testing will be completed using two different dispersion nozzles to determine their ability to generate sludge particles small enough to be entrained out of the E-Gas entrained-flow gasifier.

Michael L. Swanson; Mark A. Musich; Darren D. Schmidt

2001-11-01

42

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Run TC08  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Test Campaign TC08 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Gasifier train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Gasifier is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed gasifier designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier in air- or oxygen-blown mode using a particulate control device (PCD). The Transport Gasifier was operated as a pressurized gasifier in air- and oxygen-blown modes during TC08. Test Run TC08 was started on June 9, 2002 and completed on June 29. Both gasifier and PCD operations were stable during the test run with a stable baseline pressure drop. The oxygen feed supply system worked well and the transition from air to oxygen blown was smooth. The gasifier temperature was varied between 1,710 and 1,770 F at pressures from 125 to 240 psig. The gasifier operates at lower pressure during oxygen-blown mode due to the supply pressure of the oxygen system. In TC08, 476 hours of solid circulation and 364 hours of coal feed were attained with 153 hours of pure oxygen feed. The gasifier and PCD operations were stable in both enriched air and 100 percent oxygen blown modes. The oxygen concentration was slowly increased during the first transition to full oxygen-blown operations. Subsequent transitions from air to oxygen blown could be completed in less than 15 minutes. Oxygen-blown operations produced the highest synthesis gas heating value to date, with a projected synthesis gas heating value averaging 175 Btu/scf. Carbon conversions averaged 93 percent, slightly lower than carbon conversions achieved during air-blown gasification.

Southern Company Services

2002-06-30

43

GASIFICATION FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION  

SciTech Connect

A recent emphasis in gasification technology development has been directed toward reduced-scale gasifier systems for distributed generation at remote sites. The domestic distributed power generation market over the next decade is expected to be 5-6 gigawatts per year. The global increase is expected at 20 gigawatts over the next decade. The economics of gasification for distributed power generation are significantly improved when fuel transport is minimized. Until recently, gasification technology has been synonymous with coal conversion. Presently, however, interest centers on providing clean-burning fuel to remote sites that are not necessarily near coal supplies but have sufficient alternative carbonaceous material to feed a small gasifier. Gasifiers up to 50 MW are of current interest, with emphasis on those of 5-MW generating capacity. Internal combustion engines offer a more robust system for utilizing the fuel gas, while fuel cells and microturbines offer higher electric conversion efficiencies. The initial focus of this multiyear effort was on internal combustion engines and microturbines as more realistic near-term options for distributed generation. In this project, we studied emerging gasification technologies that can provide gas from regionally available feedstock as fuel to power generators under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification, primarily coal-fed, has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries. Commercial-scale gasification activities are under way at 113 sites in 22 countries in North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia, according to the Gasification Technologies Council. Gasification studies were carried out on alfalfa, black liquor (a high-sodium waste from the pulp industry), cow manure, and willow on the laboratory scale and on alfalfa, black liquor, and willow on the bench scale. Initial parametric tests evaluated through reactivity and product composition were carried out on thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) equipment. These tests were evaluated and then followed by bench-scale studies at 1123 K using an integrated bench-scale fluidized-bed gasifier (IBG) which can be operated in the semicontinuous batch mode. Products from tests were solid (ash), liquid (tar), and gas. Tar was separated on an open chromatographic column. Analysis of the gas product was carried out using on-line Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). For selected tests, gas was collected periodically and analyzed using a refinery gas analyzer GC (gas chromatograph). The solid product was not extensively analyzed. This report is a part of a search into emerging gasification technologies that can provide power under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries, and it is probable that scaled-down applications for use in remote areas will become viable. The appendix to this report contains a list, description, and sources of currently available gasification technologies that could be or are being commercially applied for distributed generation. This list was gathered from current sources and provides information about the supplier, the relative size range, and the status of the technology.

Ronald C. Timpe; Michael D. Mann; Darren D. Schmidt

2000-05-01

44

Coal-gasification systems: a guide to status, applications, and economics. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Coal gasification has been the subject of a great deal of study and development worldwide over the past decade. The open literature currently contains bewildering and often inconsistent information concerning the development status and economic viability of coal gasification systems. The Advanced Power Systems Division of EPRI has devoted considerable resources to the development and demonstration of coal gasification technology for ultimate use in electric-power-generation systems. The primary objective of this Guide is to provide current and consistent information concerning the status of commercial development, potential utility applications and EPRI-developed capital and operating costs for coal-gasification technologies that have already been demonstrated at commercial scale as well as for those that are close to commercial practice. Current commercial/developmental status of Lurgi, Koppers-Totzek, Texaco, Shell, British Gas Corporation/Lurgi, KILnGAS, Westinghouse and High Temperature Winkler is discussed. Environmental aspects, thermal performance, reliabiilty and cost information are provided for medium-Btu gas production; retrofitting and repowering existing steam plants; integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems; low-water-consumption IGCC systems; methanol from coal; once-through methanol production in an IGCC system; and IGCC systems employing advanced, molten-carbonate fuel cells. Finally, for comparison purposes, performance and cost estimates on a consistent basis are provided for coal-fired steam plants; oil-fired steam plants; oil- and gas-fired combined-cycle and combustion-turbine plants. 88 figures, 86 tables.

Simbeck, D.R.; Dickenson, R.L.; Oliver, E.D.

1983-06-01

45

Evolving Systems Engineering as a Field within Engineering Systems  

E-print Network

Evolving Systems Engineering as a Field within Engineering Systems Donna H. Rhodes Massachusetts Management Social Science Engineering Systems Engineering Systems: Field of Scholarship ENGINEERING SYSTEMS Massachusetts Institute of Technology 4 Systems Engineering Field of Practice Systems Engineering Considers both

de Weck, Olivier L.

46

DEPARTMENT CHAIR Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Department  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT CHAIR Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Department Old Dominion University leading to doctoral and masters degrees in Engineering Management and Systems Engineering as well the department's collegial atmosphere. An earned doctorate in engineering management and/or systems engineering

47

Combustion engineering issues for solid fuel systems  

SciTech Connect

The book combines modeling, policy/regulation and fuel properties with cutting edge breakthroughs in solid fuel combustion for electricity generation and industrial applications. This book provides real-life experiences and tips for addressing the various technical, operational and regulatory issues that are associated with the use of fuels. Contents are: Introduction; Coal Characteristics; Characteristics of Alternative Fuels; Characteristics and Behavior of Inorganic Constituents; Fuel Blending for Combustion Management; Fuel Preparation; Conventional Firing Systems; Fluidized-Bed Firing Systems; Post-Combustion Emissions Control; Some Computer Applications for Combustion Engineering with Solid Fuels; Gasification; Policy Considerations for Combustion Engineering.

Bruce Miller; David Tillman [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (United States). Energy Institute

2008-05-15

48

Design and operation of a CFB gasification and power generation system for rice husk  

Microsoft Academic Search

A circulating fluidized bed (CFB) biomass gasification & power generation system (BGPG) for rice husk was designed and installed to provide power for a rice mill with a capacity of 150td?1. The project has been operating in Putian Huaguang Miye Ltd., located in Fujian Province of China since the August of 1998. The system consists of a CFB gasifier, a

Xiu Li Yin; Chuang Zhi Wu; Shun Peng Zheng; Yong Chen

2002-01-01

49

TREATMENT OF AQUEOUS WASTE STREAMS FROM KRW ENERGY SYSTEMS COAL GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper gives results of a bench-scale evaluation to determine the extent to which process wastewaters from the KRW Energy Systems coal gasification process are treatable using commercially proven wastewater treatment technology. (NOTE: The process--formerly called the Westingh...

50

Combustion Engineering Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle Repowering Project: Clean Coal Technology Program  

SciTech Connect

On February 22, 1988, DOE issued Program Opportunity Notice (PON) Number-DE-PS01-88FE61530 for Round II of the CCT Program. The purpose of the PON was to solicit proposals to conduct cost-shared ICCT projects to demonstrate technologies that are capable of being commercialized in the 1990s, that are more cost-effective than current technologies, and that are capable of achieving significant reduction of SO[sub 2] and/or NO[sub x] emissions from existing coal burning facilities, particularly those that contribute to transboundary and interstate pollution. The Combustion Engineering (C-E) Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Repowering Project was one of 16 proposals selected by DOE for negotiation of cost-shared federal funding support from among the 55 proposals that were received in response to the PON. The ICCT Program has developed a three-level strategy for complying with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) that is consistent with the President's Council on Environmental Quality regulations implementing NEPA (40 CFR 1500-1508) and the DOE guidelines for compliance with NEPA (10 CFR 1021). The strategy includes the consideration of programmatic and project-specific environmental impacts during and subsequent to the reject selection process.

Not Available

1992-03-01

51

System study on partial gasification combined cycle with CO{sub 2} recovery - article no. 051801  

SciTech Connect

S partial gasification combined cycle with CO{sub 2} recovery is proposed in this paper. Partial gasification adopts cascade conversion of the composition of coal. Active composition of coal is simply gasified, while inactive composition, that is char, is burnt in a boiler. Oxy-fuel combustion of syngas produces only CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O, so the CO{sub 2} can be separated through cooling the working fluid. This decreases the amount of energy consumption to separate CO{sub 2} compared with conventional methods. The novel system integrates the above two key technologies by injecting steam from a steam turbine into the combustion chamber of a gas turbine to combine the Rankine cycle with the Brayton cycle. The thermal efficiency of this system will be higher based on the cascade utilization of energy level. Compared with the conventional integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), the compressor of the gas turbine, heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) and gasifier are substituted for a pump, reheater, and partial gasifier, so the system is simplified. Furthermore, the novel system is investigated by means of energy-utilization diagram methodology and provides a simple analysis of their economic and environmental performance. As a result, the thermal efficiency of this system may be expected to be 45%, with CO{sub 2} recovery of 41.2%, which is 1.5-3.5% higher than that of an IGCC system. At the same time, the total investment cost of the new system is about 16% lower than that of an IGCC. The comparison between the partial gasification technology and the IGCC technology is based on the two representative cases to identify the specific feature of the proposed system.

Xu, Y.J.; Jin, H.G.; Lin, R.M.; Han, W. [Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing (China)

2008-09-15

52

College of Engineering MFS Manufacturing Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

College of Engineering MFS Manufacturing Systems Engineering KEY: # = new course * = course changed, STA 281 or 381, engineering standing. (Same as MNG 563.) MFS 599 TOPICS IN MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (Subtitle required). (3

MacAdam, Keith

53

MODELLING THE LOW-TAR BIG GASIFICATION CONCEPT Lars Andersen, Brian Elmegaard, Bjrn Qvale, Ulrik Henriksen  

E-print Network

and gasification chamber are bubbling fluid beds, fluidised with steam. For moist fuels, the gasifier can be integrated with a steam drying process, where the produced steam is used in the pyrolysis plant systems: Gas engine, Simple cycle gas turbine, Recuperated gas turbine and Integrated Gasification

54

Handbook of gasifiers and gas-treatment systems. [39 gasification processes and 40 gas processing systems  

SciTech Connect

In February 1976, the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) published the Handbook of Gasifiers and Gas Treatment Systems. The intent of this handbook was to provide a ready reference to systems that are or may be applicable to coal conversion technology. That handbook was well received by users and was subsequently reprinted many times. The Department of Energy (successor agency to the ERDA) expands, revises and updates the Handbook in this volume. This new Handbook is not intended as a comparative evaluation, but rather as an impartial reference on recent and current technology. The Handbook now presents 39 gasification technologies and 40 gas processing systems that are or may be applicable to coal conversion technology. The information presented has been approved or supplied by the particular licensor/developer.

Parekh, R.D.

1982-09-01

55

Reuse in Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Reuse in systems engineering is a frequent but poorly understood phenomenon. Nevertheless, it has a significant impact on system development and on estimating the appropriate amount of systems engineering effort with models ...

Wang, Gan

56

GASIFICATION FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent emphasis in gasification technology development has been directed toward reduced-scale gasifier systems for distributed generation at remote sites. The domestic distributed power generation market over the next decade is expected to be 5-6 gigawatts per year. The global increase is expected at 20 gigawatts over the next decade. The economics of gasification for distributed power generation are significantly

Ronald C. Timpe; Michael D. Mann; Darren D. Schmidt

2000-01-01

57

Program (systems) engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Program Systems Engineering applies the principles of Systems Engineering at the program level. Space programs are composed of interrelated elements which can include collections of projects, advanced technologies, information systems, etc. Some program elements are outside traditional engineering's physical systems, such as education and public outreach, public relations, resource flow, and interactions within the political environments.

Baroff, Lynn E.; Easter, Robert W.; Pomphrey, Richard B.

2004-01-01

58

NASA Systems Engineering Handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This handbook brings the fundamental concepts and techniques of systems engineering to NASA personnel in a way that recognizes the nature of NASA systems and environment. It is intended to accompany formal NASA training courses on systems engineering and project management when appropriate, and is designed to be a top-level overview. The concepts were drawn from NASA field center handbooks, NMI's/NHB's, the work of the NASA-wide Systems Engineering Working Group and the Systems Engineering Process Improvement Task team, several non-NASA textbooks and guides, and material from independent systems engineering courses taught to NASA personnel. Five core chapters cover systems engineering fundamentals, the NASA Project Cycle, management issues in systems engineering, systems analysis and modeling, and specialty engineering integration. It is not intended as a directive. Superseded by: NASA/SP-2007-6105 Rev 1 (20080008301).

Shishko, Robert; Aster, Robert; Chamberlain, Robert G.; Mcduffee, Patrick; Pieniazek, Les; Rowell, Tom; Bain, Beth; Cox, Renee I.; Mooz, Harold; Polaski, Lou

1995-01-01

59

Systems Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

447 Systems Science and Industrial Engineering UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS The bachelor of science with industry. The primary goal is to prepare the industrial and systems engineering bachelor of science in industrial and systems engineering and computer science. For details, students should contact the Watson

Suzuki, Masatsugu

60

Systems Engineering Handbook Foreword ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................ ix  

E-print Network

NASA Systems Engineering Handbook SP-610S June 1995 #12;Contents Foreword ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 1 Fundamentals of System Engineering ................................ ............................ 3 Definition of Systems Engineering

Rhoads, James

61

Engineering Industrial & Systems  

E-print Network

Industrial Engineering Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering Leslie Monplaisir, Ph powerful tool sets used in industry today. -Brent Gillett, BSIE 2007 Advanced Planning Engineer at BMW I is available at: http://ise.wayne.edu/bs-industrial/index What is Industrial Engineering? The industrial

Berdichevsky, Victor

62

Integration of carbonate fuel cells with advanced coal gasification systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carbonate fuel cells have attributes which make them ideally suited to operate on coal-derived fuel gas; they can convert the methane, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide present in coal derived fuel gas directly to electricity, are not subject to thermodynamic cycle limits as are heat engines, and operate at temperatures compatible with coal gasifiers. Some new opportunities for improved efficiency have

G. Steinfeld; S. J. Meyers; W. B. Hauserman

1992-01-01

63

Integrated biomass gasification combined cycle distributed generation plant with reciprocating gas engine and ORC  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper theoretically investigates the performance of a distributed generation plant made up of gasifier, Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) and Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) machine as a bottoming unit. The system can be used for maximization of electricity production from biomass in the case where there is no heat demand for cogeneration plant. To analyze the performance of the gasifier

Jacek Kalina

2011-01-01

64

Industrial & Systems Engineering Areas of Engineering Interests  

E-print Network

Industrial & Systems Engineering Areas of Engineering Interests The Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering understands our students may work as Industrial Engineers in other engineering industries, and to help prepare them for these careers, the ISE Areas of Interest was formulated. The courses

Berdichevsky, Victor

65

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative SEAri CONSORTIUM Fall 2008 MIT ESDMIT ESD The SEAri Consortium The SEAri Consortium focuses on the advancement of systems engineering, complementing on advanced systems engineering topics. Through the consortium, SEAri engages with systems engineering leaders

de Weck, Olivier L.

66

INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-print Network

78 INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take of industries including consulting, technology development, software, supply chain manufacturing, engineering

Rohs, Remo

67

Modeling the Performance, Emissions, and Cost of an Entrained-Flow Gasification Combined Cycle System Using  

E-print Network

1 Modeling the Performance, Emissions, and Cost of an Entrained-Flow Gasification Combined Cycle Carolina State University ABSTRACT Gasification is a globally emerging technology in commercial markets of the most developed and versatile gasification technologies is based upon entrained-flow reactors, which

Frey, H. Christopher

68

Engineering Lessons Learned and Systems Engineering Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Systems Engineering is fundamental to good engineering, which in turn depends on the integration and application of engineering lessons learned. Thus, good Systems Engineering also depends on systems engineering lessons learned from within the aerospace industry being documented and applied. About ten percent of the engineering lessons learned documented in the NASA Lessons Learned Information System are directly related to Systems Engineering. A key issue associated with lessons learned datasets is the communication and incorporation of this information into engineering processes. As part of the NASA Technical Standards Program activities, engineering lessons learned datasets have been identified from a number of sources. These are being searched and screened for those having a relation to Technical Standards. This paper will address some of these Systems Engineering Lessons Learned and how they are being related to Technical Standards within the NASA Technical Standards Program, including linking to the Agency's Interactive Engineering Discipline Training Courses and the life cycle for a flight vehicle development program.

Gill, Paul S.; Garcia, Danny; Vaughan, William W.

2005-01-01

69

Carbonate fuel cell system with thermally integrated gasification  

DOEpatents

A fuel cell system is described which employs a gasifier for generating fuel gas for the fuel cell of the fuel cell system and in which heat for the gasifier is derived from the anode exhaust gas of the fuel cell. 2 figs.

Steinfeld, G.; Meyers, S.J.; Lee, A.

1996-09-10

70

Preliminary results of an economic and engineering evaluation of the M.W. Kellogg air-blown gasification combined cycle  

SciTech Connect

The capital cost of a coal-based power plant contributes over 50% to the busbar cost of electricity. For new coal-based power plants to be competitive, it is imperative that the capital cost be reduced. Additionally, they must have excellent environmental performance and high cycle efficiency. One of the most cost-competitive, coal-based power plant technologies is believed to be an air-blown, combined cycle incorporating a partial gasifier and pressurized char combustor. These two coal-conversion stages provide fuel gas and vitiated air to fire a combustion turbine. To protect the turbine from particle erosion damage, all the dust must be removed from the two hot gas streams. This operation involves high-temperature, high-pressure (HTHP) filtration, a technology currently under development at several locations funded by the Department of Energy. One of these locations is the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) at Wilsonville, Alabama. At this same site two potential air-blown, coal-based combined cycle power plant technologies are under development. These are: the M.W. Kellogg Company`s (Kellogg) gasification combined cycle (GCC), incorporating their transport reactor design as both the gasifier and the combustor; and Foster Wheeler`s (FW) topped pressurized fluidized bed combustor (PFBC), incorporating a bubbling-bed carbonizer and a circulating PFBC. It was decided to complete an engineering and economic evaluation of the technologies under development at the PSDF. The results are to quantify the process economics, and to focus the supporting Research and Development activities on those areas offering the greatest economic advantage. This paper presents preliminary results from the evaluation of a Kellogg air-blow GCC unit. Capital cost and thermal performance data are presented along with costs of electricity based on recent fuel price projections for the US. Space limitations prevent presentation of the results for the FW advanced PFBC train and these will be reported at a later date. The economics of both processes are very similar.

Wheeldon, J.M.; Booras, G.S. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Styles, G.A.; Vansickle, R.J. [Southern Co. Services, Birmingham, AL (United States); Longanbach, J.; Mahajan, K. [Federal Energy Technology Center, Morgantown, WV (United States)

1998-12-31

71

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Run TC09  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Test Campaign TC09 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Gasifier train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Gasifier is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed gasifier designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier in air- or oxygen-blown mode of operation using a particulate control device (PCD). The Transport Gasifier was operated as a pressurized gasifier during TC09 in air- and oxygen-blown modes. Test Run TC09 was started on September 3, 2002, and completed on September 26, 2002. Both gasifier and PCD operations were stable during the test run, with a stable baseline pressure drop. The oxygen feed supply system worked well and the transition from air to oxygen was smooth. The gasifier temperature varied between 1,725 and 1,825 F at pressures from 125 to 270 psig. The gasifier operates at lower pressure during oxygen-blown mode due to the supply pressure of the oxygen system. In TC09, 414 hours of solid circulation and over 300 hours of coal feed were attained with almost 80 hours of pure oxygen feed.

Southern Company Services

2002-09-30

72

Low-Btu coal-gasification-process design report for Combustion Engineering/Gulf States Utilities coal-gasification demonstration plant. [Natural gas or No. 2 fuel oil to natural gas or No. 2 fuel oil or low Btu gas  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a coal gasification demonstration plant that was designed to retrofit an existing steam boiler. The design uses Combustion Engineering's air blown, atmospheric pressure, entrained flow coal gasification process to produce low-Btu gas and steam for Gulf States Utilities Nelson No. 3 boiler which is rated at a nominal 150 MW of electrical power. Following the retrofit, the boiler, originally designed to fire natural gas or No. 2 oil, will be able to achieve full load power output on natural gas, No. 2 oil, or low-Btu gas. The gasifier and the boiler are integrated, in that the steam generated in the gasifier is combined with steam from the boiler to produce full load. The original contract called for a complete process and mechanical design of the gasification plant. However, the contract was curtailed after the process design was completed, but before the mechanical design was started. Based on the well defined process, but limited mechanical design, a preliminary cost estimate for the installation was completed.

Andrus, H E; Rebula, E; Thibeault, P R; Koucky, R W

1982-06-01

73

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Run TC11  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Test Campaign TC11 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Gasifier train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Gasifier is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed gasifier designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier in air- or oxygen-blown mode of operation using a particulate control device (PCD). Test run TC11 began on April 7, 2003, with startup of the main air compressor and the lighting of the gasifier start-up burner. The Transport Gasifier operated until April 18, 2003, when a gasifier upset forced the termination of the test run. Over the course of the entire test run, gasifier temperatures varied between 1,650 and 1,800 F at pressures from 160 to 200 psig during air-blown operations and around 135 psig during enriched-air operations. Due to a restriction in the oxygen-fed lower mixing zone (LMZ), the majority of the test run featured air-blown operations.

Southern Company Services

2003-04-30

74

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Run TC07  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Test Campaign TC07 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Reactor train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Reactor is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed reactor designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier using a particulate control device (PCD). The Transport Reactor was operated as a pressurized gasifier during TC07. Prior to TC07, the Transport Reactor was modified to allow operations as an oxygen-blown gasifier. Test Run TC07 was started on December 11, 2001, and the sand circulation tests (TC07A) were completed on December 14, 2001. The coal-feed tests (TC07B-D) were started on January 17, 2002 and completed on April 5, 2002. Due to operational difficulties with the reactor, the unit was taken offline several times. The reactor temperature was varied between 1,700 and 1,780 F at pressures from 200 to 240 psig. In TC07, 679 hours of solid circulation and 442 hours of coal feed, 398 hours with PRB coal and 44 hours with coal from the Calumet mine, and 33 hours of coke breeze feed were attained. Reactor operations were problematic due to instrumentation problems in the LMZ resulting in much higher than desired operating temperatures in the reactor. Both reactor and PCD operations were stable and the modifications to the lower part of the gasifier performed well while testing the gasifier with PRB coal feed.

Southern Company Services

2002-04-05

75

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Run TC10  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Test Campaign TC10 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Gasifier train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Gasifier is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed gasifier designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier in air- or oxygen-blown mode of operation using a particulate control device (PCD). The Transport Gasifier was operated as a pressurized gasifier during TC10 in air- (mainly for transitions and problematic operations) and oxygen-blown mode. Test Run TC10 was started on November 16, 2002, and completed on December 18, 2002. During oxygen-blown operations, gasifier temperatures varied between 1,675 and 1,825 F at pressures from 150 to 180 psig. After initial adjustments were made to reduce the feed rate, operations with the new fluidized coal feeder were stable with about half of the total coalfeed rate through the new feeder. However, the new fluidized-bed coal feeder proved to be difficult to control at low feed rates. Later the coal mills and original coal feeder experienced difficulties due to a high moisture content in the coal from heavy rains. Additional operational difficulties were experienced when several of the pressure sensing taps in the gasifier plugged. As the run progressed, modifications to the mills (to address processing the wet coal) resulted in a much larger feed size. This eventually resulted in the accumulation of large particles in the circulating solids causing operational instabilities in the standpipe and loop seal. Despite problems with the coal mills, coal feeder, pressure tap nozzles and the standpipe, the gasifier did experience short periods of stability during oxygenblown operations. During these periods, the syngas quality was high. During TC10, the gasifier gasified over 609 tons of Powder River Basin subbituminous coal and accumulated a total of 416 hours of coal feed, over 293 hours of which were in oxygen-blown operation. No sorbent was used during the run.

Southern Company Services

2002-12-30

76

Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context: Value-Driven Architecting and Design of Engineering Systems Presented by: Dr. Donna H. Rhodes and Dr. Adam M. Ross Massachusetts Topics PART I. Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context · Brief Overview

de Weck, Olivier L.

77

INDUSTRIAL & SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-print Network

78 INDUSTRIAL & SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in todays global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineers task is to take limited Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units Industrial and Systems Engineering

Rohs, Remo

78

INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-print Network

78 INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units · Industrial and Systems Engineering

Rohs, Remo

79

Surface Gasification Materials Program. Semiannual progress report for the period ending September 30, 1982  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Surface Gasification Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for application to the specific needs of coal gasification systems. The Program is divided into two subprograms: (1) the Gasification Systems Fabrication Technology Program and (2) the Materials Application and Development Program. The purpose of the Gasification Systems Fabrication Technology Program is to evaluate innovative fabrication methods which have the potential to lower costs and improve reliability and safety for gasifier vessels and components. The purpose of the Materials Application and Development Program is to conduct engineering-scale development and application of materials for coal gasification systems to ensure that the materials of construction for pilot plants and future large-scale plants can be properly selected and specified. The Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC), in its lead role for gasification projects, is responsible for ensuring that the Surface Gasification Materials Program is responsive to the needs for gasification systems. Under its lead role for fossil energy materials, the Oak Ridge Operations Office (ORO), is responsible for the planning, implementation, and management of the program in accordance with guidance received from METC. The ORNL Fossil Energy Materials Program Office compiles and issues this combined semiannual progress report from camera-ready copies submitted by each of the participating organizations.

Not Available

1982-12-01

80

Nuclear propulsion systems engineering  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Energy for Rocket Vehicle Application (NERVA) program of the 1960's and early 1970's was dramatically successful, with no major failures during the entire testing program. This success was due in large part to the successful development of a systems engineering process. Systems engineering, properly implemented, involves all aspects of the system design and operation, and leads to optimization of theentire system: cost, schedule, performance, safety, reliability, function, requirements, etc. The process must be incorporated from the very first and continued to project completion. This paper will discuss major aspects of the NERVA systems engineering effort, and consider the implications for current nuclear propulsion efforts.

Madsen, W.W.; Neuman, J.E.: Van Haaften, D.H.

1992-01-01

81

Nuclear propulsion systems engineering  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Energy for Rocket Vehicle Application (NERVA) program of the 1960`s and early 1970`s was dramatically successful, with no major failures during the entire testing program. This success was due in large part to the successful development of a systems engineering process. Systems engineering, properly implemented, involves all aspects of the system design and operation, and leads to optimization of theentire system: cost, schedule, performance, safety, reliability, function, requirements, etc. The process must be incorporated from the very first and continued to project completion. This paper will discuss major aspects of the NERVA systems engineering effort, and consider the implications for current nuclear propulsion efforts.

Madsen, W.W.; Neuman, J.E.: Van Haaften, D.H.

1992-12-31

82

Energy production from biomass (Part 3): Gasification technologies.  

PubMed

The conversion of biomass by gasification into a fuel suitable for use in a gas engine increases greatly the potential usefulness of biomass as a renewable resource. Gasification is a robust proven technology that can be operated either as a simple, low technology system based on a fixed-bed gasifier, or as a more sophisticated system using fluidized-bed technology. The properties of the biomass feedstock and its preparation are key design parameters when selecting the gasifier system. Electricity generation using a gas engine operating on gas produced by the gasification of biomass is applicable equally to both the developed world (as a means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by replacing fossil fuel) and to the developing world (by providing electricity in rural areas derived from traditional biomass). PMID:12058831

McKendry, Peter

2002-05-01

83

Diffusion Coatings for Corrosion-Resistant Components in Coal Gasification Systems  

SciTech Connect

Heat-exchangers, particle filters, turbines, and other components in integrated coal gasification combined cycle system must withstand the highly sulfiding conditions of the high-temperature coal gas over an extended period of time. The performance of components degrades significantly with time unless expensive high alloy materials are used. Deposition of a suitable coating on a low-cost alloy may improve its resistance to such sulfidation attack, and decrease capital and operating costs. The alloys used in the gasifier service include austenitic and ferritic stainless steels, nickel-chromium-iron alloys, and expensive nickel-cobalt alloys. During this period, we analyzed several coated and exposed samples of 409 steel by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), and report on the findings of four samples: (1) Analysis of two porous coupons after exposure to the porous metal particulate filter of the coal gasification power plant at 370 C for 2140 hours revealed that corrosion takes place in the bulk of the sample while the most external zone surface survived the test. (2) Coating and characterization of several porous 409 steel coupons after being coated with nitrides of Ti, Al and/or Si showed that adjusting experimental conditions results in thicker coatings in the bulk of the sample. (3) Analysis of coupons exposed to simulated coal gas at 370 C for 300 hours showed that a better corrosion resistance is achieved by improving the coatings in the bulk of the samples.

Gopala N. Krishnan; Ripudaman Malhotra; Esperanza Alvarez; Kai-Hung Lau; Jordi Perez-Mariano; Angel Sanjurjo

2006-12-31

84

Leveling Intermittent Renewable Energy Production Through Biomass Gasification-Based Hybrid Systems  

SciTech Connect

The increased use of intermittent renewable power in the United States is forcing utilities to manage increasingly complex supply and demand interactions. This paper evaluates biomass pathways for hydrogen production and how they can be integrated with renewable resources to improve the efficiency, reliability, dispatchability, and cost of other renewable technologies. Two hybrid concepts were analyzed that involve co-production of gaseous hydrogen and electric power from thermochemical biorefineries. Both of the concepts analyzed share the basic idea of combining intermittent wind-generated electricity with a biomass gasification plant. The systems were studied in detail for process feasibility and economic performance. The best performing system was estimated to produce hydrogen at a cost of $1.67/kg. The proposed hybrid systems seek to either fill energy shortfalls by supplying hydrogen to a peaking natural gas turbine or to absorb excess renewable power during low-demand hours. Direct leveling of intermittent renewable electricity production is accomplished with either an indirectly heated biomass gasifier, or a directly heated biomass gasifier. The indirect gasification concepts studied were found to be cost competitive in cases where value is placed on controlling carbon emissions. A carbon tax in the range of $26-40 per metric ton of CO{sub 2} equivalent (CO{sub 2}e) emission makes the systems studied cost competitive with steam methane reforming (SMR) to produce hydrogen. However, some additional value must be placed on energy peaking or sinking for these plants to be economically viable. The direct gasification concept studied replaces the air separation unit (ASU) with an electrolyzer bank and is unlikely to be cost competitive in the near future. High electrolyzer costs and wind power requirements make the hybridization difficult to justify economically without downsizing the system. Based on a direct replacement of the ASU with electrolyzers, hydrogen can be produced for $0.27 premium per kilogram. Additionally, if a non-renewable, grid-mix electricity is used, the hybrid system is found to be a net CO{sub 2}e emitter.

Dean, J.; Braun, R.; Penev, M.; Kinchin, C.; Munoz, D.

2010-01-01

85

Developing Data System Engineers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the early days of general computer systems for science data processing, staff members working on NASA's data systems would most often be hired as mathematicians. Computer engineering was very often filled by those with electrical engineering degrees. Today, the Goddard Space Flight Center has special position descriptions for data scientists or as they are more commonly called: data systems engineers. These staff members are required to have very diverse skills, hence the need for a generalized position description. There is always a need for data systems engineers to develop, maintain and operate the complex data systems for Earth and space science missions. Today's data systems engineers however are not just mathematicians, they are computer programmers, GIS experts, software engineers, visualization experts, etc... They represent many different degree fields. To put together distributed systems like the NASA Earth Observing Data and Information System (EOSDIS), staff are required from many different fields. Sometimes, the skilled professional is not available and must be developed in-house. This paper will address the various skills and jobs for data systems engineers at NASA. Further it explores how to develop staff to become data scientists.

Behnke, J.; Byrnes, J. B.; Kobler, B.

2011-12-01

86

Method and system to estimate variables in an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant  

DOEpatents

System and method to estimate variables in an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant are provided. The system includes a sensor suite to measure respective plant input and output variables. An extended Kalman filter (EKF) receives sensed plant input variables and includes a dynamic model to generate a plurality of plant state estimates and a covariance matrix for the state estimates. A preemptive-constraining processor is configured to preemptively constrain the state estimates and covariance matrix to be free of constraint violations. A measurement-correction processor may be configured to correct constrained state estimates and a constrained covariance matrix based on processing of sensed plant output variables. The measurement-correction processor is coupled to update the dynamic model with corrected state estimates and a corrected covariance matrix. The updated dynamic model may be configured to estimate values for at least one plant variable not originally sensed by the sensor suite.

Kumar, Aditya; Shi, Ruijie; Dokucu, Mustafa

2013-09-17

87

Model predictive control system and method for integrated gasification combined cycle power generation  

DOEpatents

Control system and method for controlling an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant are provided. The system may include a controller coupled to a dynamic model of the plant to process a prediction of plant performance and determine a control strategy for the IGCC plant over a time horizon subject to plant constraints. The control strategy may include control functionality to meet a tracking objective and control functionality to meet an optimization objective. The control strategy may be configured to prioritize the tracking objective over the optimization objective based on a coordinate transformation, such as an orthogonal or quasi-orthogonal projection. A plurality of plant control knobs may be set in accordance with the control strategy to generate a sequence of coordinated multivariable control inputs to meet the tracking objective and the optimization objective subject to the prioritization resulting from the coordinate transformation.

Kumar, Aditya; Shi, Ruijie; Kumar, Rajeeva; Dokucu, Mustafa

2013-04-09

88

Biodiesel and electrical power production through vegetable oil extraction and byproducts gasification: modeling of the system.  

PubMed

Aim of this work is to introduce an alternative to the standard biodiesel production chain, presenting an innovative in situ system. It is based on the chemical conversion of vegetable oil from oleaginous crops in synergy with the gasification of the protein cake disposed by the seed press. The syngas from the gasifier is here used to produce electrical power while part of it is converted into methanol. The methanol is finally used to transform the vegetable oil into biodiesel. Through a coupled use of ASPEN PLUS(TM) and MATLAB(TM) codes, a rapeseed, soy and sunflower rotation, with a duration of three year, was simulated considering 15ha of soil. This surface resulted sufficient to feed a 7kWel power plant. Simulation outputs proven the system to be self-sustainable. In addition, economical NPV of the investment is presented. Finally the environmental, economical and social advantages related to this approach are discussed. PMID:25151071

Allesina, Giulio; Pedrazzi, Simone; Tebianian, Sina; Tartarini, Paolo

2014-10-01

89

Treatment of coal gasification wastewater by membrane bioreactor hybrid powdered activated carbon (MBR–PAC) system.  

PubMed

A laboratory-scale membrane bioreactor hybrid powdered activated carbon (MBR–PAC) system was developed to treat coal gasification wastewater to enhance the COD, total phenols (TPh), NH4+ removals and migrate the membrane fouling. Since the MBR–PAC system operated with PAC dosage of 4 g L?1, the maximum removal efficiencies of COD, TPh and NH4+ reached 93%, 99% and 63%, respectively with the corresponding influent concentrations of 2.27 g L?1, 497 mg L?1 and 164 mg N L?1; the PAC extraction efficiencies of COD, TPh and NH4+ were 6%, 3% and 13%, respectively; the transmembrane pressure decreased 34% with PAC after 50 d operation. The results demonstrate that PAC played a key role in the enhancement of biodegradability and mitigation of membrane fouling. PMID:25461944

Jia, Shengyong; Han, Hongjun; Hou, Baolin; Zhuang, Haifeng; Fang, Fang; Zhao, Qian

2014-12-01

90

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH BULLETIN DECEMBER 2007 Vol. 2, Issue 3 About SEAri The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative (SEAri) brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government

de Weck, Olivier L.

91

Master's Program Electrical Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Module Master's Program Electrical Systems Engineering University of Paderborn Faculty........................................................................... 10 2.1 Modul Group: Introduction to Electrical Systems Engineering..................10 2.1.1 Advanced 2.3.2 Topics in Systems Engineering

Hellebrand, Sybille

92

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH BULLETIN AUGUST 2008 Vol. 3, Issue 2 About SEAri The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative (SEAri) brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government

de Weck, Olivier L.

93

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH BULLETIN AUGUST 2007 Vol. 2, Issue 2 About SEAri The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative (SEAri) brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government

de Weck, Olivier L.

94

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH BULLETIN APRIL 2007 Vol. 2, Issue 1 About SEAri The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative (SEAri) brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government

de Weck, Olivier L.

95

Rotary engine cooling system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A rotary engine has a substantially trochoidal-shaped housing cavity in which a rotor planetates. A cooling system for the engine directs coolant along a single series path consisting of series connected groups of passages. Coolant enters near the intake port, passes downwardly and axially through the cooler regions of the engine, then passes upwardly and axially through the hotter regions. By first flowing through the coolest regions, coolant pressure is reduced, thus reducing the saturation temperature of the coolant and thereby enhancing the nucleate boiling heat transfer mechanism which predominates in the high heat flux region of the engine during high power level operation.

Jones, Charles (Inventor); Gigon, Richard M. (Inventor); Blum, Edward J. (Inventor)

1985-01-01

96

Combustion engine system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A flow through catalytic reactor which selectively catalytically decomposes methanol into a soot free hydrogen rich product gas utilizing engine exhaust at temperatures of 200 to 650 C to provide the heat for vaporizing and decomposing the methanol is described. The reactor is combined with either a spark ignited or compression ignited internal combustion engine or a gas turbine to provide a combustion engine system. The system may be fueled entirely by the hydrogen rich gas produced in the methanol decomposition reactor or the system may be operated on mixed fuels for transient power gain and for cold start of the engine system. The reactor includes a decomposition zone formed by a plurality of elongated cylinders which contain a body of vapor permeable, methanol decomposition catalyst preferably a shift catalyst such as copper-zinc.

Houseman, John (inventor); Voecks, Gerald E. (inventor)

1986-01-01

97

Diffusion Coatings for Corrosion-Resistant Components in Coal Gasification Systems  

SciTech Connect

Heat-exchangers, particle filters, turbines, and other components in integrated coal gasification combined cycle system must withstand the highly sulfiding conditions of the high temperature coal gas over an extended period of time. The performance of components degrades significantly with time unless expensive high alloy materials are used. Deposition of a suitable coating on a low-cost alloy may improve its resistance to such sulfidation attack, and decrease capital and operating costs. The alloys used in the gasifier service include austenitic and ferritic stainless steels, nickel-chromium-iron alloys, and expensive nickel-cobalt alloys. The primary activity this period was preparation and presentation of the findings on this project at the Twenty-Third annual Pittsburgh Coal Conference. Dr. Malhotra attended this conference and presented a paper. A copy of his presentation constitutes this quarterly report.

Gopala N. Krishnan; Ripudaman Malhotra; Esperanza Alvarez; Kai-Hung Lau; Jordi Perez Mariano; Angel Sanjurjo

2006-09-30

98

Some studies on a solid state sulfur probe for coal gasification systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Measurements on the solid electrolyte cell (Ar + H(2) + H(2)S/CaS + CaF(2) + (Pt)//CaF(2)//(Pt) + CaF(2) + CaS/H(2) + H(2)+Ar) show that the emf of the cell is directly related to the difference in sulfur potentials established at the Ar + H(2) + H(2)S/electrode interfaces. The electrodes convert the sulfur potential gradient across the calcium fluoride electrolyte into an equivalent fluorine potential gradient. Response time of the probe varies from approximately 9 hr at 990 K to 2.5 hr at 1225 K. The conversion of calcium sulfide and/or calcium fluoride into calcium oxide is not a problem anticipated in commercial coal gasification systems. Suggestions are presented for improving the cell for such commercial applications.

Jacob, K. T.; Rao, D. B.; Nelson, H. G.

1977-01-01

99

Engineering Lessons Learned and Systems Engineering Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Systems Engineering is fundamental to good engineering, which in turn depends on the integration and application of engineering lessons learned and technical standards. Thus, good Systems Engineering also depends on systems engineering lessons learned from within the aerospace industry being documented and applied. About ten percent of the engineering lessons learned documented in the NASA Lessons Learned Information System are directly related to Systems Engineering. A key issue associated with lessons learned datasets is the communication and incorporation of this information into engineering processes. Systems Engineering has been defined (EINIS-632) as "an interdisciplinary approach encompassing the entire technical effort to evolve and verify an integrated and life-cycle balanced set of system people, product, and process solutions that satisfy customer needs". Designing reliable space-based systems has always been a goal for NASA, and many painful lessons have been learned along the way. One of the continuing functions of a system engineer is to compile development and operations "lessons learned" documents and ensure their integration into future systems development activities. They can produce insights and information for risk identification identification and characterization. on a new project. Lessons learned files from previous projects are especially valuable in risk

Gill, Paul S.; Garcia, Danny; Vaughan, William W.

2005-01-01

100

Lean Enablers for Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Lean Enablers for Systems Engineering Version 1.0, Released February 1, 2009 Lean Systems Introductions 1. History: from LAI to INCOSE 2. Lean Fundamentals 3. Lean Systems Engineering 4. Development of Lean Enablers for Systems Engineering 5. The Product: Lean Enablers for Systems Engineering 6

101

industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-print Network

78 industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take s e n G i n e e r i n G ( i s e ) ISE 105 Introduction to Industrial and Systems Engineering (2, Fa

Rohs, Remo

102

industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-print Network

78 industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take to introduce the philosophy, subject matter, aims, goals, and techniques of industrial and systems engineering

Rohs, Remo

103

Process Systems Engineering R&D for Advanced Fossil Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

This presentation will examine process systems engineering R&D needs for application to advanced fossil energy (FE) systems and highlight ongoing research activities at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the auspices of a recently launched Collaboratory for Process & Dynamic Systems Research. The three current technology focus areas include: 1) High-fidelity systems with NETL's award-winning Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator (APECS) technology for integrating process simulation with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and virtual engineering concepts, 2) Dynamic systems with R&D on plant-wide IGCC dynamic simulation, control, and real-time training applications, and 3) Systems optimization including large-scale process optimization, stochastic simulation for risk/uncertainty analysis, and cost estimation. Continued R&D aimed at these and other key process systems engineering models, methods, and tools will accelerate the development of advanced gasification-based FE systems and produce increasingly valuable outcomes for DOE and the Nation.

Zitney, S.E.

2007-09-11

104

Control systems engineering education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This comprehensive article deals with the important field of control systems engineering education. Efforts have been made to present some historical perspectives, major concepts and thoughts on a practical curriculum when this field is viewed as a discipline. Also discussed are curricular issues including typical laboratory systems with emphasis on the role of simulation, logic and sequencing, and real-time simulation.

N. A. Kheir; K. J. Åström; D. Auslander; K. C. Cheok; G. F. Franklin; M. Masten; M. Rabins

1996-01-01

105

Graduate Studies Transportation Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Graduate Studies Transportation Systems Engineering TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS The transportation that transportation systems engineering can promote a thriving economy and a better quality of life by ensuring that transportation systems themselves affect the environment through operations, construction, and maintenance

Jacobs, Laurence J.

106

Development of a Segregated Municipal Solid Waste Gasification System for Electrical Power Generation  

E-print Network

Gasification technologies are expected to play a key role in the future of solid waste management since the conversion of municipal and industrial solid wastes to a gaseous fuel significantly increases its value. Municipal solid waste (MSW...

Maglinao, Amado Latayan

2013-04-11

107

Instrumentation and Evaluation of a Pilot Scale Fluidized Bed Biomass Gasification System  

E-print Network

A pilot scale fluidized bed biomass gasifier developed at Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas was instrumented with thermocouples, pressure transducers and motor controllers for monitoring gasification temperature and pressure, air flow...

Maglinao, Amado L

2009-12-04

108

Readings in Systems Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This present collection was inspired by seven papers prepared by the NASA Alumni League, illustrating the members' systems engineering experience. These papers make up the heart of this collection. We have supplemented them with papers describing industry processes and other governmental practices to illustrate the diversity of systems engineering as it is formulated and practiced. This is one discipline that clearly benefits from cross-fertilization and infusion of new ideas. There is also a wide variety of tools and techniques described herein, some standard and some unique.

Hoban, Francis T. (editor); Lawbaugh, William M. (editor)

1993-01-01

109

Surface-gasification materials program. Semiannual progress report for the period ending March 31, 1982  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Surface Gasification Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for application to the specific needs of coal gasification systems. The Program is divided into two subprograms: (1) the Gasification Systems Fabrication Technology Program and (2) the Materials Application and Development Program. The purpose of the Gasification Systems Fabrication Technology Program is to evaluate innovative fabrication methods which have the potential to lower costs and improve reliability and safety for gasifier vessels and components. The purpose of the Materials Application and Development Program is to conduct engineering-scale development and application of materials for coal gasification systems to ensure that the materials of construction for pilot plants and future large-scale plants can be properly selected and specified. The management of materials projects in support of surface gasification sponsored by the Headquarters DOE Gasification Division has been defined in an April 16, 1982 METC-sponsored agreement transmitted to DOE field offices and performing contractors. This agreement recognizes the lead role in fossil energy materials delegated by METC to the DOE Oak Ridge Operations Office and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The ORNL Fossil Energy Materials Program Office compiles and issues this combined semiannual progress report from camera-ready copies submitted by each of the participating organizations. Distribution is as shown on pages 59 to 63. Future reports will be issued on a semiannual basis to a similar distribution.

Not Available

1982-08-01

110

Gas cleaning for IC engine applications from fixed bed biomass gasification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas cleaning for tar and particle removal is necessary for internal combustion (IC) engine applications of producer gas from fixed bed biomass gasifiers which are usually in the capacity range from 100 kW up to 5000 kW. In the present investigation, tar and particle collection efficiencies have been determined in a sand bed filter, a wash tower, two different fabric

P. Hasler; Th. Nussbaumer

1999-01-01

111

Software and Systems Engineering Process Improvement at  

E-print Network

Software and Systems Engineering Process Improvement at Oerlikon Aerospace Software and Systems EngineeringSoftware and Systems Engineering Process Improvement atProcess Improvement at Oerlikon Aerospace SYMPOSIUMSYMPOSIUM Software and Systems EngineeringSoftware and Systems Engineering Process Improvement

Laporte, Claude Y.

112

Systems Engineering Distance Learning Programs  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Distance Learning Programs by Prof Ron Carlson Department of Systems and Technology WASC Western Associa-on of Schools and Colleges #12;2 Systems Engineering DL · 721- Joint Executive Systems Engineering Management (SEM-PD21) · 311- Non- Resident Systems

113

A DISCUSSION OF SYSTEMS ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

A DISCUSSION OF SYSTEMS ENGINEERING Dr Robert H. Latiff Maj Gen, USAF(Ret) #12;The End Result ­ 19 Oct 2005 #12;TOPICS · Personal Background · Some History and Examples · Levels of Systems Engineering Systems · Joint STARS · NRO Advanced Systems and Technology · NRO Systems Engineering #12;Historical

114

Systems Engineering Cost Estimation  

E-print Network

1 Systems Engineering Lecture 3 Cost Estimation Dr. Joanna Bryson Dr. Leon Watts University of Bath: Contrast approaches for estimating software project cost, and identify the main sources of cost behind such approaches, giving examples. 3 Cost Estimation Associating estimates of effort & time

Bryson, Joanna J.

115

Design of advanced fossil-fuel systems (DAFFS): a study of three developing technologies for coal-fired, base-load electric power generation. Integrated coal-gasification/combined power plant with BGC/Lurgi gasification process  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this report are to present the facility description, plant layouts and additional information which define the conceptual engineering design, and performance and cost estimates for the BGC/Lurgi Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant. Following the introductory comments, the results of the British Gas Corporation (BGC)/Lurgi IGCC power plant study are summarized in Section 2. In Secion 3, a description of plant systems and facilities is provided. Section 4 includes pertinent performance information and assessments of availability, natural resource requirements and environmental impact. Estimates of capital costs, operating and maintenance costs and cost of electricity are presented in Section 5. A Bechtel Group Inc. (BGI) assessment and comments on the designs provided by Burns and Roe-Humphreys and Glasgow Synthetic Fuels, Inc. (BRHG) are included in Section 6. The design and cost estimate reports which were prepared by BRHG for those items within their scope of responsibility are included as Appendices A and B, respectively. Apendix C is an equipment list for items within the BGI scope. The design and cost estimate classifications chart referenced in Section 5 is included as Appendix D. 8 references, 18 figures, 5 tables.

Not Available

1983-06-01

116

Investigation of plasma-aided bituminous coal gasification  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents thermodynamic and kinetic modeling of plasma-aided bituminous coal gasification. Distributions of concentrations, temperatures, and velocities of the gasification products along the gasifier are calculated. Carbon gasification degree, specific power consumptions, and heat engineering characteristics of synthesis gas at the outlet of the gasifier are determined at plasma air/steam and oxygen/steam gasification of Powder River Basin bituminous coal. Numerical simulation showed that the plasma oxygen/steam gasification of coal is a more preferable process in comparison with the plasma air/steam coal gasification. On the numerical experiments, a plasma vortex fuel reformer is designed.

Matveev, I.B.; Messerle, V.E.; Ustimenko, A.B. [Applied Plasma Technology, Mclean, VA (United States)

2009-04-15

117

Advanced development of a pressurized ash agglomerating fluidized-bed coal gasification system: Topical report, Process analysis, FY 1983  

SciTech Connect

KRW Energy Systems, Inc., is engaged in the continuing development of a pressurized, fluidized-bed gasification process at its Waltz Mill Site in Madison, Pennsylvania. The overall objective of the program is to demonstrate the viability of the KRW process for the environmentally-acceptable production of low- and medium-Btu fuel gas from a variety of fossilized carbonaceous feedstocks and industrial fuels. This report presents process analysis of the 24 ton-per-day Process Development Unit (PDU) operations and is a continuation of the process analysis work performed in 1980 and 1981. Included is work performed on PDU process data; gasification; char-ash separation; ash agglomeration; fines carryover, recycle, and consumption; deposit formation; materials; and environmental, health, and safety issues. 63 figs., 43 tabs.

None

1987-07-31

118

Bio-refinery system of DME or CH4 production from black liquor gasification in pulp mills.  

PubMed

There is great interest in developing black liquor gasification technology over recent years for efficient recovery of bio-based residues in chemical pulp mills. Two potential technologies of producing dimethyl ether (DME) and methane (CH(4)) as alternative fuels from black liquor gasification integrated with the pulp mill have been studied and compared in this paper. System performance is evaluated based on: (i) comparison with the reference pulp mill, (ii) fuel to product efficiency (FTPE) and (iii) biofuel production potential (BPP). The comparison with the reference mill shows that black liquor to biofuel route will add a highly significant new revenue stream to the pulp industry. The results indicate a large potential of DME and CH(4) production globally in terms of black liquor availability. BPP and FTPE of CH(4) production is higher than DME due to more optimized integration with the pulping process and elimination of evaporation unit in the pulp mill. PMID:19767203

Naqvi, M; Yan, J; Fröling, M

2010-02-01

119

Membrane separation of carbon dioxide in the integrated gasification combined cycle systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Integrated gasification combined cycle systems (IGCC) are becoming more popular because of the characteristics, by which they are characterized, including low pollutants emissions, relatively high efficiency of electricity production and the ability to integrate the installation of carbon capture and storage (CCS). Currently, the most frequently used CO2 capture technology in IGCC systems is based on the absorption process. This method causes a significant increase of the internal load and decreases the efficiency of the entire system. It is therefore necessary to look for new methods of carbon dioxide capture. The authors of the present paper propose the use of membrane separation. The paper reviews available membranes for use in IGCC systems, indicates, inter alia, possible places of their implementation in the system and the required operation parameters. Attention is drawn to the most important parameters of membranes (among other selectivity and permeability) influencing the cost and performance of the whole installation. Numerical model of a membrane was used, among others, to analyze the influence of the basic parameters of the selected membranes on the purity and recovery ratio of the obtained permeate, as well as to determine the energetic cost of the use of membranes for the CO2 separation in IGCC systems. The calculations were made within the environment of the commercial package Aspen Plus. For the calculations both, membranes selective for carbon dioxide and membranes selective for hydrogen were used. Properly selected pressure before and after membrane module allowed for minimization of energy input on CCS installation assuring high purity and recovery ratio of separated gas.

Kotowicz, Janusz; Skorek-osikowska, Anna; Janusz-szyma?ska, Katarzyna

2010-09-01

120

Gasification Product Improvement Facility status  

SciTech Connect

Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded a two phase contract for the construction of a Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF) to develop an innovative air blown, dry bottom, pressurized fixed bed gasifier based on the patented PyGas{trademark} fixed bed process. The objective of the project is to provide a test site to support early commercialization of the Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology. The GPIF will be capable of processing run of mine high swelling coals that comprise 87% of all Eastern US coals. This program will generate useful scale up data that will be utilized to develop commercial size designs. The project will also support the development of a hot gas clean up subsystem and the gasifier infrastructure consisting of controls, special instrumentation and interconnects with Allegheny Power System`s host power plant, Fort Martin Station in Maidesville, West Virginia. This paper presents the status of the GPIF project. It describes the work performed in the past year on the PyGas process development, gasifier design, plant engineering/layout, tie in with the existing Fort Martin facility, procurement, site permitting and project scheduling.

Carson, R.D.; Dixit, V.B.; Sadowski, R.S.; Thamaraichelvan, P.; Culberson, H.

1995-11-01

121

Catalytic coal gasification: an emerging technology for SNG  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has long been known that salts of alkali metals catalyze the gasification of coal. In 1971, Exxon Research and Engineering Company discovered that potassium salts added to coal also promote the methanation of coal gasification products. This discovery led to Exxon's Catalytic Coal Gasification (CCG) process. In the CCG process, coal with added potassium salts is gasified in a

R. R. Lessard; R. A. Reitz

1981-01-01

122

Clean coal technology—Study on the pilot project experiment of underground coal gasification  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the gasification conditions, the gasifier structure, the measuring system and the gasification rationale of a pilot project experiment of underground coal gasification (UCG) in the Liuzhuang Colliery, Tangshan, are illustrated. The technique of two-phase underground coal gasification is proposed. The detection of the moving speed and the length of the gasification working face is made using radon

Lanhe Yang; Jie Liang; Li Yu

2003-01-01

123

Diffusion Coatings for Corrosion-Resistant Components in Coal Gasification Systems  

SciTech Connect

Heat exchangers, particle filters, turbines, and other components in an integrated coal gasification combined cycle system must withstand the highly sulfiding conditions of the high-temperature coal gas over an extended period of time. The performance of components degrades significantly with time unless expensive high-alloy materials are used. Deposition of a suitable coating on a low-cost alloy may improve its resistance to such sulfidation attack, and decrease capital and operating costs. The alloys used in the gasifier service include austenitic and ferritic stainless steels, nickel-chromium-iron alloys, and expensive nickel-cobalt alloys. During this reporting period, we conducted a simulated gasifier test primarily with TiN-coated steel samples. Although the test showed these coatings to offer significant protection against corrosion, they also revealed a lack of uniformity in the coatings. We spent a considerable amount of effort improving our coatings procedure as well as the fluidized bed reactor and its heater. Based on the results collected thus far, we selected 12 samples and sent them to ConocoPhillips for testing in their gasifier at the Wabash River Energy plant.

Gopala N. Krishnan; Ripudaman Malhotra; Esperanza Alvarez; Kai-Hung Lau; Angel Sanjurjo

2005-12-01

124

Mutagenicity of Tween 80-solvated mild gasification products in the Ames salmonella microsomal assay system  

SciTech Connect

The results of the Tween 80-solvated Ames testing of six mild gasification samples indicate significant mutagenic activity only in the composite materials (MG-119 and MG-120), previously suspected from the DMSO-solvated assays, which had shown some variable but ultimately insignificant mutagenic responses. The activity of these samples from the Tween 80-solvated assays was quite low when compared to either the positive controls or the SRC-II HD coal-liquefaction reference material. The class of mutagenic activity expressed by these samples solvated in Tween 80 was that of an indirect-acting, frameshift mutagen(s) since significant activity was found only on tester strain TA98 in the presence of the metabolic activation fraction (S9). Because DMSO and other solvents have been shown to affect the mutagenic activity of certain pure chemicals, the possibility of solvent/mutagen interactions in complex mixtures such as coal-derived liquids exists. Thus, the testing of the genotoxic activity of undefined, chemically complex compounds may require the use of at least two solvent systems to reduce the possibility of artifactual findings. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1992-01-13

125

Economic and life cycle assessment of an integrated biomass gasification combined cycle system  

SciTech Connect

When life cycle assessment is performed in conjunction with a technoeconomic feasibility study, the total economic and environmental benefits and drawbacks of a process can be quantified. A biomass gasification combined-cycle power plant consisting of a low pressure indirectly-heated gasifier integrated with an industrial gas turbine was simulated using ASPEN Plus{reg_sign} and economic analyses were performed to determine the levelized cost of electricity. To complement this study, a life cycle assessment is being performed. The processes considered in the overall analysis consist of the production of biomass as a dedicated feedstock crop, its transportation to the power plant, electricity generation, and all processes associated with intermediate feedstocks. The primary goal of this life cycle assessment is to reduce the environmental impact of the system through design improvements. For the purpose of this study, life cycle assessment is defined as a systematic method for identifying, evaluating, and minimizing the environmental impacts of emissions and resource depletion associated with this specific process. A discussion of the economics, efficiency, and methodology for assessing environmental benefits of power production from this biomass-based technology, are presented.

Mann, M.K.; Spath, P.L.; Craig, K.R. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1996-12-31

126

Operating System Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From MIT's extraordinary OpenCourseWare projects comes this computer science course focused on operating system engineering. Taught by Frans Kaashoek in the Fall of 2006, this course covers "virtual memory, kernel and user mode, system calls, threads, context switches, interrupts, interprocess communication, coordination of concurrent activities, and the interface between software and hardware" and the interaction between these processes. On the site, visitors will find the course syllabus, lecture notes, lab activities, assignments, exams, and related links and tools. This is a great site for educators to use to bolster or create their own computer science modules on operating systems.

Kaashoek, Frans, 1965-

2006-01-01

127

The development of Coke Carried-Heat Gasification Coal-Fired Combined Cycle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Carried-Heat Partial Gasification Combined cycle is a novel combined cycle which was proposed by Thermal Engineering Department of Tsinghua University in 1992. The idea of the system comes from the situation that the efficiency of the power plants in China is much lower than that of the advanced countries, but the coal consumption is much higher, which brings about the waste of primary energy resources and the pollution of the environment. With the deep study of the gasification technology, Coke Carried-Heat Gasification Coal-Fired Combined Cycle, as the improved system, came into birth in 1996 based on the partial gasification one. At the end of 1997, a new cycle scheme similar to IGCC was created. This paper focuses on several classes combined cycle put forward by Tsinghua University, depending on the plant configuration and carbon conversion, making the solution a viable and attractive option for efficient coal utilization.

Zhao, Li; Xu, Xiangdong

1999-12-01

128

Life cycle assessment of a biomass gasification combined-cycle power system  

SciTech Connect

The potential environmental benefits from biomass power are numerous. However, biomass power may also have some negative effects on the environment. Although the environmental benefits and drawbacks of biomass power have been debated for some time, the total significance has not been assessed. This study serves to answer some of the questions most often raised in regard to biomass power: What are the net CO{sub 2} emissions? What is the energy balance of the integrated system? Which substances are emitted at the highest rates? What parts of the system are responsible for these emissions? To provide answers to these questions, a life cycle assessment (LCA) of a hypothetical biomass power plant located in the Midwest United States was performed. LCA is an analytical tool for quantifying the emissions, resource consumption, and energy use, collectively known as environmental stressors, that are associated with converting a raw material to a final product. Performed in conjunction with a technoeconomic feasibility study, the total economic and environmental benefits and drawbacks of a process can be quantified. This study complements a technoeconomic analysis of the same process, reported in Craig and Mann (1996) and updated here. The process studied is based on the concept of power Generation in a biomass integrated gasification combined cycle (BIGCC) plant. Broadly speaking, the overall system consists of biomass production, its transportation to the power plant, electricity generation, and any upstream processes required for system operation. The biomass is assumed to be supplied to the plant as wood chips from a biomass plantation, which would produce energy crops in a manner similar to the way food and fiber crops are produced today. Transportation of the biomass and other materials is by both rail and truck. The IGCC plant is sized at 113 MW, and integrates an indirectly-heated gasifier with an industrial gas turbine and steam cycle. 63 refs., 34 figs., 32 tabs.

Mann, M.K.; Spath, P.L.

1997-12-01

129

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Fall 2009 About SEAri http://seari.mit.edu The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government, and academia. SEAri is positioned within

de Weck, Olivier L.

130

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH BULLETIN DECEMBER 2006 Vol. 1, Issue 3 About SEAri The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative, known as SEAri, brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry

de Weck, Olivier L.

131

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH PORTFOLIO Fall 2008 About SEAri http://seari.mit.edu The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government, and academia. SEAri is positioned within

de Weck, Olivier L.

132

Center for Information & Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Center for Information & Systems Engineering The Division offers research opportunities through the Center for Information and Systems Engineering (CISE), an interdisciplinary home for fundamental research these challenges. R E S E A RC H A N D G R A D UAT E P RO G R A M S I N systems Engineering (SE) CAREER PLACEMENT

Goldberg, Bennett

133

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative WEB SITE Fall 2009 About SEAri http://seari.mit.edu The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government, and academia. SEAri is positioned within

de Weck, Olivier L.

134

GENETIC ALGORITHMS CONTROL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

GENETIC ALGORITHMS IN CONTROL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING P. J. FLEMING R. C. PURSHOUSE Department. 789 May 2001 #12;Genetic algorithms in control systems engineering P. J. Fleming and R. C. Purshouse of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering University of Sheffield Sheffield, S1 3JD UK Research Report No

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

135

Intelligent systems engineering methodology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An added challenge for the designers of large scale systems such as Space Station Freedom is the appropriate incorporation of intelligent system technology (artificial intelligence, expert systems, knowledge-based systems, etc.) into their requirements and design. This presentation will describe a view of systems engineering which successfully addresses several aspects of this complex problem: design of large scale systems, design with requirements that are so complex they only completely unfold during the development of a baseline system and even then continue to evolve throughout the system's life cycle, design that involves the incorporation of new technologies, and design and development that takes place with many players in a distributed manner yet can be easily integrated to meet a single view of the requirements. The first generation of this methodology was developed and evolved jointly by ISX and the Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company over the past five years on the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency/Air Force Pilot's Associate Program, one of the largest, most complex, and most successful intelligent systems constructed to date. As the methodology has evolved it has also been applied successfully to a number of other projects. Some of the lessons learned from this experience may be applicable to Freedom.

Fouse, Scott

1990-01-01

136

Dry coal feeder development program at Ingersoll-Rand Research, Incorporated. [for coal gasification systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A dry coal screw feeder for feeding coal into coal gasification reactors operating at pressures up to 1500 psig is described. Results on the feeder under several different modes of operation are presented. In addition, three piston feeder concepts and their technical and economical merits are discussed.

Mistry, D. K.; Chen, T. N.

1977-01-01

137

Experimental Results of Olive Pits Gasification in a Fixed Bed Downdraft Gasifier System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental legislation and interest in using newly utilized renewable biomass energy sources in small-scale downdraft biomass gasifiers have stimulated this research work. Biomass gasification for the production of green and clean energy generation in the form of electricity and\\/or heat is a viable alternative to fossil fuels and a clean technology, which can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and facilitate closure

Murat Dogru

2012-01-01

138

Waste to Energy Conversion by Stepwise Liquefaction, Gasification and "Clean" Combustion of Pelletized Waste Polyethylene for Electric Power Generation---in a Miniature Steam Engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The amounts of waste plastics discarded in developed countries are increasing drastically, and most are not recycled. The small fractions of the post-consumer plastics which are recycled find few new uses as their quality is degraded; they cannot be reused in their original applications. However, the high energy density of plastics, similar to that of premium fuels, combined with the dwindling reserves of fossil fuels make a compelling argument for releasing their internal energy through combustion, converting it to thermal energy and, eventually, to electricity through a heat engine. To minimize the emission of pollutants this energy conversion is done in two steps, first the solid waste plastics undergo pyrolytic gasification and, subsequently, the pyrolyzates (a mixture of hydrocarbons and hydrogen) are blended with air and are burned "cleanly" in a miniature power plant. This plant consists of a steam boiler, a steam engine and an electricity generator.

Talebi Anaraki, Saber

139

Diffusion Coatings for Corrosion-Resistant Components in Coal Gasification Systems  

SciTech Connect

Heat-exchangers, particle filters, turbines, and other components in integrated coal gasification combined cycle system must withstand the highly sulfiding conditions of the high-temperature coal gas over an extended period of time. The performance of components degrades significantly with time unless expensive high alloy materials are used. Deposition of a suitable coating on a low-cost alloy may improve its resistance to such sulfidation attack, and decrease capital and operating costs. The alloys used in the gasifier service include austenitic and ferritic stainless steels, nickel-chromium-iron alloys, and expensive nickel-cobalt alloys. During this period, we analyzed several coated and exposed samples of 409 steel by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX). We report here on findings of this analysis: (1) A SS409 coupon that was coated with multilayered combined nitrides of Ti, Al, and Si showed adherent coatings on the surface; (2) A similarly coated coupon, after exposure to simulated coal gas at 900 C for 300 h, revealed that the coating has cracked during the exposure; (3) An SS409 coupon that was coated with nitrides of Ti and Si with a barrier layer of tungsten in between to improve the adhesion of the coating and to prevent outward diffusion of iron to the surface. (4) A porous coupon was coated with nitrides of Ti and Al and examination of the coupon revealed deposition of Ti at the interior surfaces. A similarly prepared coupon was exposed to simulated coal gas at 370 C for 300 h, and it showed no corrosion.

Gopala N. Krishnan; Ripudaman Malhotra; Esperanza Alvarez; Kai-Hung Lau; Jordi Perez-Mariano; Angel Sanjurjo

2006-06-30

140

What Is Systems Engineering? A Consensus of Senior Systems Engineers  

E-print Network

(2000); Proceedings of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics International Conferences; NCOSE://www.sie.arizona.edu/sysengr/whatis/whatis.html - 1 - #12;This figure is from Bahill and Gissing (1998). The purpose of systems engineering of the International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE), July 7-11, 1996, Boston, Vol. 1, pp. 503-508. The system

Jourdan, Guy-Vincent

141

Pulse detonation engine test system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A test system of pulse detonation engine, based on PCI-6115 Data Acquisition Card and Front Integrated Instrument, Access databases and NI-Measurement Studio programming design suites in Windows. This test system is used to record the test data of pulse detonation engine and research the properties of detonation wave. Plenty of test data of pulse detonation engine which was recorded by

Xiaoming He; Jiankang Lu

2010-01-01

142

Control Systems Engineering Laboratory Daniel E. Rivera  

E-print Network

Control Systems Engineering Laboratory CSEL Daniel E. Rivera Control Systems Engineering Laboratory Behavioral Interventions 1 #12;Control Systems Engineering Laboratory CSEL Presentation Outline · What are adaptive behavioral interventions? · (Brief) overview of control systems engineering, · Analysis and design

Langerhans, Brian

143

Wood Gasification in a Lab-Scale Bubbling Fluidized Bed: Experiment and Simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In theory, an integrated biomass gasification and fuel cell system has a higher overall plant efficiency when compared to the efficiency of biomass gasification combined with simple combustion systems and gas engines. In order to develop a prototype of this new concept of power plant operating in the range of l50kW to 5MW, several institutes of the Max Planck Society and the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft in Germany have been working on the ProBio project with focus on the theoretical and experimental investigation of an integrated 1-2kWe system. The paper will firstly describe the gasification unit of the system: a lab-scale atmospheric bubbling fluidized bed gasifier. Wood gasification experiments were conducted and the influence of operation parameters, i.e. gasification agents, equivalence ratio ER and steam to biomass ratio SIB on gas yield and gas composition was analyzed. In parallel with the experimental work, chemical kinetics of wood gasification was studied and simulated. Furthermore, simulation of bubbling fluidized bed hydrodynamics at high temperature, using commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software FLUENT, was also conducted to better understand the phenomenon of fluidization inside the bed.

He, L.; Schotte, E.; Thomas, S.; Schlinkert, A.; Herrmann, A.; Mosch, V.; Rajendran, V.; Heinrich, S.

144

Dynamic modeling of gas turbines in integrated gasification fuel cell systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Solid oxide fuel cell-gas turbine (SOFC-GT) hybrid systems for use in integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) systems operating on coal will stretch existing fossil fuel reserves, generate power with less environmental impact, while having a cost of electricity advantage over most competing technologies. However, the dynamic performance of a SOFC-GT in IGFC applications has not been previously studied in detail. Of particular importance is how the turbo-machinery will be designed, controlled and operated in such applications; this is the focus of the current work. Perturbation and dynamic response analyses using numerical SimulinkRTM models indicate that compressor surge is the predominant concern for safe dynamic turbo-machinery operation while shaft over-speed and excessive turbine inlet temperatures are secondary concerns. Fuel cell temperature gradients and anode-cathode differential pressures were found to be the greatest concerns for safe dynamic fuel cell operation. Two control strategies were compared, that of constant gas turbine shaft speed and constant fuel cell temperature, utilizing a variable speed gas turbine. Neither control strategy could eliminate all vulnerabilities during dynamic operation. Constant fuel cell temperature control ensures safe fuel cell operation, while constant speed control does not. However, compressor surge is more likely with constant fuel cell temperature control than with constant speed control. Design strategies that provide greater surge margin while utilizing constant fuel cell temperature control include increasing turbine design mass flow and decreasing turbine design inlet pressure, increasing compressor design pressure ratio and decreasing compressor design mass flow, decreasing plenum volume, decreasing shaft moment of inertia, decreasing fuel cell pressure drop, maintaining constant compressor inlet air temperature. However, these strategies in some cases incur an efficiency penalty. A broad comparison of cycles employing cathode recycle using either an ejector or a blower indicate that the cycles with the blower provide better turbo-machinery stability and higher system efficiencies than the cycles with the ejector. A comparison of two models controlled to maintain constant fuel cell operating temperatures of 1,100 K and 1,373 K, show similar dynamic performance trends, indicating that the results are applicable to planar and tubular SOFC-GT systems and should apply to other operating temperatures.

Maclay, James Davenport

2009-12-01

145

Advanced development of a pressurized ash agglomerating fluidized-bed coal gasification system. Quarterly progress report, April 1-June 30, 1982  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of the Westinghouse coal gasification program is to demonstrate the viability of the Westinghouse pressurized, fluidized bed, gasification system for the production of medium-Btu fuel gas for syngas, electrical power generation, chemical feedstocks, or industrial fuels and to obtain performance and scaleup data for the process and hardware. Progress reports are presented for the following tasks: (1) operation and maintenance of the process development unit (PDU); (2) process analysis; (3) cold flow scaleup facility; (4) process and component engineering and design; and (5) laboratory support studies. Some of the highlights for this period are: TP-032-1, a single stage, oxygen-steam blown gasifier test was conducted in three operational phases from March 30, 1982 through May 2, 1982; TP-032-2 was conducted in two operational phases from May 20, 1982 through May 27, 1982; TP-032-1 and TP-032-2 successfully served as shakedown and demonstrations of the full cyclone cold wall; no visible deposits were found on the cold wall after processing highly fouling coals; samples of product gas produced during TP-032-1, were passed through four different scrubbing solutions and analyzed for 78 EPA primary organic pollutants, all of which were found to be below detection limits; TP-M004, a CO/sub 2/ tracer gas test, was initiated and completed; data analysis of test TP-M002-2 was completed and conclusions are summarized in this report; design, procurement and fabrication of the solids injection device were completed; laboratory studies involved gas-solids flow modeling and coal/ash behavior. 2 references, 11 figures, 39 tables.

None

1982-10-21

146

Converting biomass to electricity on a farm-sized scale using downdraft gasification and a spark-ignition engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

The search for renewable, CO2-neutral sources of electricity has prompted a surge of interest in ways of converting coppice willow and poplar into electricity. The fall in farm revenues and the rising cost of excess food production make generation of electricity from biomass on a farm-scale attractive. Work has been undertaken to demonstrate that gasification of coppice-grown comminuted wood and

T. J. B. Warren; R. Poulter; R. I. Parfitt

1995-01-01

147

Catalytic Hydrothermal Gasification of Biomass  

SciTech Connect

A recent development in biomass gasification is the use of a pressurized water processing environment in order that drying of the biomass can be avoided. This paper reviews the research undertaken developing this new option for biomass gasification. This review does not cover wet oxidation or near-atmospheric-pressure steam-gasification of biomass. Laboratory research on hydrothermal gasification of biomass focusing on the use of catalysts is reviewed here, and a companion review focuses on non-catalytic processing. Research includes liquid-phase, sub-critical processing as well as super-critical water processing. The use of heterogeneous catalysts in such a system allows effective operation at lower temperatures, and the issues around the use of catalysts are presented. This review attempts to show the potential of this new processing concept by comparing the various options under development and the results of the research.

Elliott, Douglas C.

2008-05-06

148

Systems Engineering Leadership Development: Advancing Systems Engineering Excellence  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the Systems Engineering Leadership Development Program, with particular emphasis on the work being done in the development of systems engineers at Marshall Space Flight Center. There exists a lack of individuals with systems engineering expertise, in particular those with strong leadership capabilities, to meet the needs of the Agency's exploration agenda. Therefore there is a emphasis on developing these programs to identify and train systems engineers. The presentation reviews the proposed MSFC program that includes course work, and developmental assignments. The formal developmental programs at the other centers are briefly reviewed, including the Point of Contact (POC)

Hall, Phil; Whitfield, Susan

2011-01-01

149

Engineering support services for the DOE\\/GRI coal gasification research program. Technical and economic assessment of the Exxon Catalytic Coal-Gasification Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this assessment Kellogg utilized operating experience and data from the Exxon PDU wherever possible: modifications to the coal drying system, the catalyst recovery system and gasifier sizing criteria resulted from PDU observation since the previous (1979) screening evaluation. No data describing operation of the gasifier or the pretreatment unit in the PDU were available, however. This study must therefore

L. E. Bostwick; D. A. Coyle; R. W. Laramore

1981-01-01

150

COSYSMO: A Systems Engineering Cost Model  

E-print Network

Building on the synergy between systems engineering and software engineering, we have developed a parametric model to estimate systems engineering costs. The goal of this model called COSYSMO (Constructive Systems Engineering ...

Valerdi, Ricardo

151

Systems Engineering Positions New England Healthcare Engineering Partnership  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Positions New England Healthcare Engineering Partnership (NEHCEP) An exciting opportunity exists for systems engineers to work with a newly formed engineering healthcare resource center a combination of applied projects to tackle important VA topics, collaborations with academic system engineering

de Weck, Olivier L.

152

Boston University College of Engineering Division of Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Boston University College of Engineering Division of Systems Engineering Annual Report 2008 Laboratories 37 The Center for Information and Systems Engineering (CISE) 39 Events 43 Visiting Committee #12;Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Systems Engineering | Highlights | 1 Message from

Goldberg, Bennett

153

Advanced Biomass Gasification Projects  

SciTech Connect

DOE has a major initiative under way to demonstrate two high-efficiency gasification systems for converting biomass into electricity. As this fact sheet explains, the Biomass Power Program is cost-sharing two scale-up projects with industry in Hawaii and Vermont that, if successful, will provide substantial market pull for U.S. biomass technologies, and provide a significant market edge over competing foreign technologies.

Not Available

1997-08-01

154

Intelligent Engine Systems: Bearing System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The overall requirements necessary for sensing bearing distress and the related criteria to select a particular rotating sensor were established during the phase I. The current phase II efforts performed studies to evaluate the Robustness and Durability Enhancement of the rotating sensors, and to design, and develop the Built-in Telemetry System concepts for an aircraft engine differential sump. A generic test vehicle that can test the proposed bearing diagnostic system was designed, developed, and built. The Timken Company, who also assisted with testing the GE concept of using rotating sensors for the differential bearing diagnostics during previous phase, was selected as a subcontractor to assist General Electric (GE) for the design, and procurement of the test vehicle. A purchase order was prepared to define the different sub-tasks, and deliverables for this task. The University of Akron was selected to provide the necessary support for installing, and integrating the test vehicle with their newly designed test facility capable of simulating the operating environment for the planned testing. The planned testing with good and damaged bearings will be on hold pending further continuation of this effort during next phase.

Singh, Arnant P.

2008-01-01

155

CO2 mitigation in coal gasification cogeneration systems with integration of the shift reaction, CO2 absorption and methanol production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cogeneration of electricity and liquid fuel can achieve higher efficiencies than electricity generation alone in Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC), and cogeneration systems are also expected to mitigate CO2 emissions. A proposed methanol-electricity cogeneration system was analyzed in this paper using exergy method to evaluate the specified system. A simple cogeneration scheme and a complicated scheme including the shift reaction and CO2 removal were compared. The results show that the complicated scheme consumes more energy, but has a higher methanol synthesis ratio with partial capture of CO2. In those methanol and electricity cogeneration systems, the CO2 mitigation is not merely an additional process that consumes energy and reduces the overall efficiency, but is integrated into the methanol production.

Duan, Yuanyuan; Zhang, Jin

2004-08-01

156

NASA systems engineering handbook. Draft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This handbook is intended to provide information on systems engineering that will be useful to NASA system engineers, especially new ones. Its primary objective is to provide a generic description of systems engineering as it should be applied throughout NASA. Field Center Handbooks are encouraged to provide center-specific details of implementation. For NASA system engineers to choose to keep a copy of this handbook at their elbows, it must provide answers that cannot be easily found elsewhere. Consequently, it provides NASA-relevant perspectives and NASA-particular data. NASA management instructions (NMI's) are referenced when applicable. This handbook's secondary objective is to serve as a useful companion to all of the various courses in systems engineering that are being offered under NASA's auspices. The coverage of systems engineering is general to techniques, concepts, and generic descriptions of processes, tools, and techniques. It provides good systems engineering practices, and pitfalls to avoid. This handbook describes systems engineering as it should be applied to the development of major NASA product and producing systems.

Shishko, Robert; Chamberlain, Robert G.; Aster, Robert; Bilardo, Vincent; Forsberg, Kevin; Hammond, Walter E.; Mooz, Harold; Polaski, Lou; Wade, Ron; Cassingham, Randy (editor)

1992-01-01

157

Systems engineering technology for networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The report summarizes research pursued within the Systems Engineering Design Laboratory at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University between May 16, 1993 and January 31, 1994. The project was proposed in cooperation with the Computational Science and Engineering Research Center at Howard University. Its purpose was to investigate emerging systems engineering tools and their applicability in analyzing the NASA Network Control Center (NCC) on the basis of metrics and measures.

1994-01-01

158

System safety engineering analysis handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic requirements and guidelines for the preparation of System Safety Engineering Analysis are presented. The philosophy of System Safety and the various analytic methods available to the engineering profession are discussed. A text-book description of each of the methods is included.

Ijams, T. E.

1972-01-01

159

industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business principles  

E-print Network

70 industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business systems to help companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems Engineer. Programs Available · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 129 units · Industrial

Rohs, Remo

160

Automotive Stirling engine systems development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of the Automotive Stirling Engine (ASE) program is to develop a Stirling engine for automotive use that provides a 30 percent improvement in fuel economy relative to a comparable internal-combustion engine while meeting emissions goals. This paper traces the engine systems' development efforts focusing on: (1) a summary of engine system performance for all Mod I engines; (2) the development, program conducted for the upgraded Mod I; and (3) vehicle systems work conducted to enhance vehicle fuel economy. Problems encountered during the upgraded Mod I test program are discussed. The importance of the EPA driving cycle cold-start penalty and the measures taken to minimize that penalty with the Mod II are also addressed.

Richey, A. E.

1984-01-01

161

Ceramic filters systems -- Necessary equipment for combined cycles based on coal gasification?  

SciTech Connect

An overview about the development of a hot gas filter technology arranging ceramic candles in a different way compared to competing technologies is shown. This technology has been developed executing an extended research program on PFBC (Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion). The same technology is used in gasification applications. The paper describes the benefits resulting from using ceramic candle filters in such processes and describes the available technology. Test results and different configurations using the same basic principles of the filtration process will be shown.

Wedel, G. von; Kalthoff, U. [LLB Lurgi Lentjes Babcock Energietechnik GmbH, Oberhausen (Germany)

1994-12-31

162

Engine valve train system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a reciprocating internal combustion engine of the type having an engine block means defining at least one cylinder with an associate pair of ports, a valve located for axial movement in each of the ports with each valve normally biased to a valve closed position relative to its associate port. A rocker shaft support means is fixed

Derringer

1986-01-01

163

From coal to biomass gasification: Comparison of thermodynamic efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of fuel composition on the thermodynamic efficiency of gasifiers and gasification systems is studied. A chemical equilibrium model is used to describe the gasifier. It is shown that the equilibrium model presents the highest gasification efficiency that can be possibly attained for a given fuel. Gasification of fuels with varying composition of organic matter, in terms of O\\/C

Mark J. Prins; Krzysztof J. Ptasinski; Frans J. J. G. Janssen

2007-01-01

164

Addressing Systems Engineering Challenges Through Collaborative Research  

E-print Network

Addressing Systems Engineering Challenges Through Collaborative Research June 2008 Dr. Donna H Institute of Technology 2 Field of Systems Engineering #12;seari.mit.edu © 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 3 What is Systems Engineering? SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (Traditional) Systems engineering

de Weck, Olivier L.

165

Systems Engineering Overview 14 hours, $895  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Overview 14 hours, $895 Gain a clear understanding of the fundamental concepts of systems engineering (SE) from the perspective of a systems engineer or project manager. Divided into four in systems engineering and systems engineering management. Topics Include: · SEconceptsandprocesses

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

166

Trace element partitioning during coal gasification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fate of trace element pollutants in integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) systems is closely tied to their volatilization in the gasifier and subsequent condensation or reaction with fine fly ash particles. The results of an experimental bench-scale programme to measure the partitioning of selected trace elements during atmospheric pressure entrained flow gasification of Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal are presented.

Joseph J. Helble; Wahab Mojtahedi; Jussi Lyyränen; Jorma Jokiniemi; Esko Kauppinen

1996-01-01

167

Integration and testing of hot desulfurization and entrained-flow gasification for power generation systems  

SciTech Connect

This second Topical Report describes the work that was completed between January 1, 1989 and December 31, 1990 in a Cooperative Agreement between Texaco and the US Department of Energy that began on September 30, 1987. During the period that is covered in this report, the development and optimization of in-situ and external desulfurization processes were pursued. The research effort included bench scale testing, PDU scoping tests, process economic studies and advanced instrument testing. Two bench scale studies were performed at the Research Triangle Institute with zinc titanate sorbent to obtain data on its cycle life, sulfur capacity, durability and the effect of chlorides. These studies quantify sulfur capture during simulated air and oxygen-blown gasification for two zinc titanate formulations. Eight PDU runs for a total of 20 days of operation were conducted to evaluate the performance of candidate sorbents for both in-situ and external desulfurization. A total of 47 tests were completed with oxygen and air-blown gasification. Candidate sorbents included iron oxide for in-situ desulfurization and calcium based and mixed metal oxides for external desulfurization. Gasifier performance and sorbent sulfur capture are compared for both air-blown and oxygen-blown operation.

Robin, A.M.; Kassman, J.S.; Leininger, T.F.; Wolfenbarger, J.K.; Wu, C.M.; Yang, P.P.

1991-09-01

168

Systems engineering for very large systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Very large integrated systems have always posed special problems for engineers. Whether they are power generation systems, computer networks or space vehicles, whenever there are multiple interfaces, complex technologies or just demanding customers, the challenges are unique. 'Systems engineering' has evolved as a discipline in order to meet these challenges by providing a structured, top-down design and development methodology for the engineer. This paper attempts to define the general class of problems requiring the complete systems engineering treatment and to show how systems engineering can be utilized to improve customer satisfaction and profit ability. Specifically, this work will focus on a design methodology for the largest of systems, not necessarily in terms of physical size, but in terms of complexity and interconnectivity.

Lewkowicz, Paul E.

1993-01-01

169

industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles  

E-print Network

74 industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business to help companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task. Programs Available · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units · Industrial

Rohs, Remo

170

Engine systems analysis results of the Space Shuttle Main Engine redesigned powerhead initial engine level testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineers regularly analyze SSME ground test and flight data with respect to engine systems performance. Recently, a redesigned SSME powerhead was introduced to engine-level testing in part to increase engine operational margins through optimization of the engine internal environment. This paper presents an overview of the MSFC personnel engine systems analysis results and conclusions reached from initial engine level testing

Erik J. Sander; Dennis R. Gosdin

1992-01-01

171

Internal combustion engine control system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes an internal combustion engine control system comprising: A detector which measures the quantity of intake air and quantity of fuel supply as a control value reflecting the operational state of an internal combustion engine; An air-fuel ratio control which determines, based on the measured controlled variable, a base control value used for controlling the other controlled variable;

M. Kiyono; T. Abe; M. Takao

1989-01-01

172

Engine Data Interpretation System (EDIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A prototype of an expert system was developed which applies qualitative or model-based reasoning to the task of post-test analysis and diagnosis of data resulting from a rocket engine firing. A combined component-based and process theory approach is adopted as the basis for system modeling. Such an approach provides a framework for explaining both normal and deviant system behavior in terms of individual component functionality. The diagnosis function is applied to digitized sensor time-histories generated during engine firings. The generic system is applicable to any liquid rocket engine but was adapted specifically in this work to the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME). The system is applied to idealized data resulting from turbomachinery malfunction in the SSME.

Cost, Thomas L.; Hofmann, Martin O.

1990-01-01

173

Systems engineering to conquer complexity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the real-world problems that we encounter as individuals or businesses is complex and truly systemic. We often confront ill-structured, messy problems found in social systems, and business systems, in particular. Additionally, the rate of change in society and in our business environment is faster than the rate at which people can perform effectively. Hence Systems engineering practitioners should

Raman Kumar Agrawalla

2011-01-01

174

Main routes for the thermo-conversion of biomass into fuels and chemicals. Part 2: Gasification systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gasification as a thermo-chemical process is defined and limited to combustion and pyrolysis. The gasification of biomass is a thermal treatment, which results in a high production of gaseous products and small quantities of char and ash. The solid phase usually presents a carbon content higher than 76%, which makes it possible to use it directly for industrial purposes. The

Mustafa Balat; Mehmet Balat; Elif K?rtay; Havva Balat

2009-01-01

175

Engineering developments for sodium heat engine systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors report preliminary results of testing and analysis of the stresses induced in tubular beta-double prime-alumina solid electrolyte (BASE) membranes as used in sodium heat engine (SHE) cells due to thermal gradients, neutral sodium absorption in the surfaces and bulk material and residual stresses remaining from tube manufacture. The authors report results from experiments conducted on a recirculating single tube vapor-fed cell module operated continuously under load for 850. The electromagnetic pump system used to recirculate the sodium working fluid for this test cell was redesigned and its performance is also discussed.

Hunt, T. K.; Pantolin, J.; Sievers, R. K.; Kummer, J. T.; Novak, Robert F.

176

Advances in biomass gasification power plants  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a new commercial application of the down draft type biomass gasifier for power generation with internal combustion (IC) engine generators. The advantages of the Ankur down draft gasifier, designed by Ankur Scientific Energy Technologies (ASCENT) over earlier down draft, updraft and fluidized bed gasifiers are discussed. A major achievement of the Ankur gasifier is the very low level of tars and oils in the product gas, an important feature if the gas is to be used for power generation via an internal combustion engine. The new gasifier has higher conversion efficiency, larger throughput, and better economics compared to earlier gasifier designs. A comparison of technology risks, fuel flexibility and costs is also made between the Ankur downdraft gasifier and other biomass gasification technologies. Bechtel conducted gas quality tests, under contract to EnergyWorks, LLC, to confirm that the product gas from the gasifier is largely free of tars and other impurities, and the test results are presented in this paper. The ASCENT biomass gasification system is commercially proven in India for both thermal applications and electric power generating plants up to the 500 kW size.

Wen, H.; Lausten, C.; Pietruszkiewicz, J. [Bechtel Corp., Frederick, MD (United States); DeLaquil, P. [BG Technologies, Washington, DC (United States); Jain, B.C. [Ankur Scientific Energy Technologies, Vadodara (India)

1999-11-01

177

Gasification: redefining clean energy  

SciTech Connect

This booklet gives a comprehensive overview of how gasification is redefining clean energy, now and in the future. It informs the general public about gasification in a straight-forward, non-technical manner.

NONE

2008-05-15

178

Integrated Biomass Gasification with Catalytic Partial Oxidation for Selective Tar Conversion  

SciTech Connect

Biomass gasification is a flexible and efficient way of utilizing widely available domestic renewable resources. Syngas from biomass has the potential for biofuels production, which will enhance energy security and environmental benefits. Additionally, with the successful development of low Btu fuel engines (e.g. GE Jenbacher engines), syngas from biomass can be efficiently used for power/heat co-generation. However, biomass gasification has not been widely commercialized because of a number of technical/economic issues related to gasifier design and syngas cleanup. Biomass gasification, due to its scale limitation, cannot afford to use pure oxygen as the gasification agent that used in coal gasification. Because, it uses air instead of oxygen, the biomass gasification temperature is much lower than well-understood coal gasification. The low temperature leads to a lot of tar formation and the tar can gum up the downstream equipment. Thus, the biomass gasification tar removal is a critical technology challenge for all types of biomass gasifiers. This USDA/DOE funded program (award number: DE-FG36-O8GO18085) aims to develop an advanced catalytic tar conversion system that can economically and efficiently convert tar into useful light gases (such as syngas) for downstream fuel synthesis or power generation. This program has been executed by GE Global Research in Irvine, CA, in collaboration with Professor Lanny Schmidt's group at the University of Minnesota (UoMn). Biomass gasification produces a raw syngas stream containing H2, CO, CO2, H2O, CH4 and other hydrocarbons, tars, char, and ash. Tars are defined as organic compounds that are condensable at room temperature and are assumed to be largely aromatic. Downstream units in biomass gasification such as gas engine, turbine or fuel synthesis reactors require stringent control in syngas quality, especially tar content to avoid plugging (gum) of downstream equipment. Tar- and ash-free syngas streams are a critical requirement for commercial deployment of biomass-based power/heat co-generation and biofuels production. There are several commonly used syngas clean-up technologies: (1) Syngas cooling and water scrubbing has been commercially proven but efficiency is low and it is only effective at small scales. This route is accompanied with troublesome wastewater treatment. (2) The tar filtration method requires frequent filter replacement and solid residue treatment, leading to high operation and capital costs. (3) Thermal destruction typically operates at temperatures higher than 1000oC. It has slow kinetics and potential soot formation issues. The system is expensive and materials are not reliable at high temperatures. (4) In-bed cracking catalysts show rapid deactivation, with durability to be demonstrated. (5) External catalytic cracking or steam reforming has low thermal efficiency and is faced with problematic catalyst coking. Under this program, catalytic partial oxidation (CPO) is being evaluated for syngas tar clean-up in biomass gasification. The CPO reaction is exothermic, implying that no external heat is needed and the system is of high thermal efficiency. CPO is capable of processing large gas volume, indicating a very compact catalyst bed and a low reactor cost. Instead of traditional physical removal of tar, the CPO concept converts tar into useful light gases (eg. CO, H2, CH4). This eliminates waste treatment and disposal requirements. All those advantages make the CPO catalytic tar conversion system a viable solution for biomass gasification downstream gas clean-up. This program was conducted from October 1 2008 to February 28 2011 and divided into five major tasks. - Task A: Perform conceptual design and conduct preliminary system and economic analysis (Q1 2009 ~ Q2 2009) - Task B: Biomass gasification tests, product characterization, and CPO tar conversion catalyst preparation. This task will be conducted after completing process design and system economics analysis. Major milestones include identification of syngas cleaning requirements for proposed system

Zhang, Lingzhi; Wei, Wei; Manke, Jeff; Vazquez, Arturo; Thompson, Jeff; Thompson, Mark

2011-05-28

179

Energy Systems Engineering Technician Curriculum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

St. Lawerence College of Ontario, Canada offers a two year program for students interested in becoming Energy Systems Engineering Technicians serving the alternative energy industry. The website offers a description of the program and links to required courses.

180

Advanced technology applications for second and third general coal gasification systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The historical background of coal conversion is reviewed and the programmatic status (operational, construction, design, proposed) of coal gasification processes is tabulated for both commercial and demonstration projects as well as for large and small pilot plants. Both second and third generation processes typically operate at higher temperatures and pressures than first generation methods. Much of the equipment that has been tested has failed. The most difficult problems are in process control. The mechanics of three-phase flow are not fully understood. Companies participating in coal conversion projects are ordering duplicates of failure prone units. No real solutions to any of the significant problems in technology development have been developed in recent years.

Bradford, R.; Hyde, J. D.; Mead, C. W.

1980-01-01

181

Optical systems engineering - A tutorial  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper examines the use of the systems engineering approach in the design of optical systems, noting that the use of such an approach which involves an integrated interdisciplinary approach to the development of systems is most appropriate for optics. It is shown that the high precision character of optics leads to complex and subtle effects on optical system performance, resulting from structural, thermal dynamical, control system, and manufacturing and assembly considerations. Attention is given to communication problems that often occur among users and optical engineers due to the unique factors of optical systems. It is concluded that it is essential that the optics community provide leadership to resolve communication problems and fully formalize the field of optical systems engineering.

Wyman, C. L.

1979-01-01

182

2010 Worldwide Gasification Database  

DOE Data Explorer

The 2010 Worldwide Gasification Database describes the current world gasification industry and identifies near-term planned capacity additions. The database lists gasification projects and includes information (e.g., plant location, number and type of gasifiers, syngas capacity, feedstock, and products). The database reveals that the worldwide gasification capacity has continued to grow for the past several decades and is now at 70,817 megawatts thermal (MWth) of syngas output at 144 operating plants with a total of 412 gasifiers.

183

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 10. Gasification of Benton lignite  

SciTech Connect

A single-staged, fixed-bed Wellman-Galusha gasifier coupled with a hot, raw gas combustion system and scrubber has been used to gasify numerous coals from throughout the United States. The gasification test program is organized as a cooperative effort by private industrial participants and governmental agencies. The consortium of participants is organized under the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas (MIFGa) Group. This report is the tenth volume in a series of reports describing the atmospheric pressure, fixed-bed gasification of US coals. This specific report describes the gasification of Benton lignite. The period of gasification test was November 1-8, 1983. 16 refs., 22 figs., 19 tabs.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Pooler, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittelson, D.

1985-05-01

184

Uncertainty analysis of integrated gasification combined cycle systems based on Frame 7H versus 7F gas turbines.  

PubMed

Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology is a promising alternative for clean generation of power and coproduction of chemicals from coal and other feedstocks. Advanced concepts for IGCC systems that incorporate state-of-the-art gas turbine systems, however, are not commercially demonstrated. Therefore, there is uncertainty regarding the future commercial-scale performance, emissions, and cost of such technologies. The Frame 7F gas turbine represents current state-of-practice, whereas the Frame 7H is the most recently introduced advanced commercial gas turbine. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risks and potential payoffs of IGCC technology based on different gas turbine combined cycle designs. Models of entrained-flow gasifier-based IGCC systems with Frame 7F (IGCC-7F) and 7H gas turbine combined cycles (IGCC-7H) were developed in ASPEN Plus. An uncertainty analysis was conducted. Gasifier carbon conversion and project cost uncertainty are identified as the most important uncertain inputs with respect to system performance and cost. The uncertainties in the difference of the efficiencies and costs for the two systems are characterized. Despite uncertainty, the IGCC-7H system is robustly preferred to the IGCC-7F system. Advances in gas turbine design will improve the performance, emissions, and cost of IGCC systems. The implications of this study for decision-making regarding technology selection, research planning, and plant operation are discussed. PMID:17195484

Zhu, Yunhua; Frey, H Christopher

2006-12-01

185

Transportation Systems Engineering GRADUATE STUDIES  

E-print Network

Transportation Systems Engineering GRADUATE STUDIES TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS are the building blocks and provides for an improved quality of life. However, transportation systems by their very nature also affect the environment through physical construction and operation of transportation facilities, and through the travel

Wang, Yuhang

186

Coal gasification: Kellogg's coal gasification process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gasification of coal in a bath of molten sodium carbonate through which ; steam is passed is the basis of the Kellogg Coal Gasification process. The bath ; of moiten salt strongly catalyzes the basic steam- coal reaction permi tting ; essentially complete gasificntion of coal at reduced temperature. The molten ; salt can be used to supply heat to

W. C. Schreiner; G. T. Skaperdas

1973-01-01

187

Engineering the Lymphatic System  

PubMed Central

The recent advances in our understanding of lymphatic physiology and the role of the lymphatics in actively regulating fluid balance, lipid transport, and immune cell trafficking has been furthered in part through innovations in imaging, tissue engineering, quantitative biology, biomechanics, and computational modeling. Interdisciplinary and bioengineering approaches will continue to be crucial to the progression of the field, given that lymphatic biology and function are intimately woven with the local microenvironment and mechanical loads experienced by the vessel. This is particularly the case in lymphatic diseases such as lymphedema where the microenvironment can be drastically altered by tissue fibrosis and adipocyte accumulation. In this review we will highlight contributions engineering and mechanics have made to lymphatic physiology and will discuss areas that will be important for future research. PMID:23408477

Nipper, Matthew E.

2011-01-01

188

PNNL Coal Gasification Research  

SciTech Connect

This report explains the goals of PNNL in relation to coal gasification research. The long-term intent of this effort is to produce a syngas product for use by internal Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) researchers in materials, catalysts, and instrumentation development. Future work on the project will focus on improving the reliability and performance of the gasifier, with a goal of continuous operation for 4 hours using coal feedstock. In addition, system modifications to increase operational flexibility and reliability or accommodate other fuel sources that can be used for syngas production could be useful.

Reid, Douglas J.; Cabe, James E.; Bearden, Mark D.

2010-07-28

189

Industrial and Systems Engineering Applications in NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viewgraph presentation on the many applications of Industrial and Systems Engineering used for safe NASA missions is shown. The topics include: 1) NASA Information; 2) Industrial Engineering; 3) Systems Engineering; and 4) Major NASA Programs.

Shivers, Charles H.

2006-01-01

190

Catalytic coal gasification for SNG manufacture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The predevelopment phase of research on the Exxon catalytic coal gasification (CCG) process was completed in early 1978 and included bench-scale research on catalyst recovery and kinetics, the operation of a 6 in. diameter times 30 ft long fluid bed gasifier, and supporting engineering studies. As part of the engineering program, a conceptual design has been developed for a pioneer

J. E. Gallagher Jr.; C. A. Euker Jr.

1980-01-01

191

MEMS Rotary Engine Power System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work presents a project overview and recent research results for the MEMS Rotary Engine Power System project at the Berkeley Sensor & Actuator Center of the University of California at Berkeley. The research motivation for the project is the high specific energy density of hydrocarbon fuels. When compared with the energy density of batteries, hydrocarbon fuels may have as much as 20x more energy. However, the technical challenge is the conversion of hydrocarbon fuel to electricity in an efficient and clean micro engine. A 12.9 mm diameter Wankel engine will be shown that has already generated 4 Watts of power at 9300rpm. In addition, the 1mm and 2.4 mm Wankel engines that BSAC is developing for power generation at the microscale will be discussed. The project goal is to develop electrical power output of 90milliwatts from the 2.4 mm engine. Prototype engine components have already been fabricated and these will be described. The integrated generator design concept utilizes a nickel-iron alloy electroplated in the engine rotor poles, so that the engine rotor also serves as the generator rotor.

Fernandez-Pello, A. Carlos; Pisano, Albert P.; Fu, Kelvin; Walther, David C.; Knobloch, Aaron; Martinez, Fabian; Senesky, Matt; Stoldt, Conrad; Maboudian, Roya; Sanders, Seth; Liepmann, Dorian

192

Adaptive Systems Engineering: A Medical Paradigm for Practicing Systems Engineering  

SciTech Connect

From its inception in the defense and aerospace industries, SE has applied holistic, interdisciplinary tools and work-process to improve the design and management of 'large, complex engineering projects.' The traditional scope of engineering in general embraces the design, development, production, and operation of physical systems, and SE, as originally conceived, falls within that scope. While this 'traditional' view has expanded over the years to embrace wider, more holistic applications, much of the literature and training currently available is still directed almost entirely at addressing the large, complex, NASA and defense-sized systems wherein the 'ideal' practice of SE provides the cradle-to-grave foundation for system development and deployment. Under such scenarios, systems engineers are viewed as an integral part of the system and project life-cycle from conception to decommissioning. In far less 'ideal' applications, SE principles are equally applicable to a growing number of complex systems and projects that need to be 'rescued' from overwhelming challenges that threaten imminent failure. The medical profession provides a unique analogy for this latter concept and offers a useful paradigm for tailoring our 'practice' of SE to address the unexpected dynamics of applying SE in the real world. In short, we can be much more effective as systems engineers as we change some of the paradigms under which we teach and 'practice' SE.

R. Douglas Hamelin; Ron D. Klingler; Christopher Dieckmann

2011-06-01

193

INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use  

E-print Network

78 INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units · Industrial and Systems Engineering

Rohs, Remo

194

An Introduction to Complex-System Engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is an introduction to complex-system engineering (cSE). cSE is going to become the second branch of system engineering. It is still in its formative stages. All of cSE's presently known ideas are briefly discussed. A familiarity with the first branch of system engineering, so called traditional system engineering (TSE), is assumed.

Kuras, Michael L.

195

A Classic Look at Systems Engineering by  

E-print Network

A Classic Look at Systems Engineering by Robert A. Frosch From "Readings in Systems Engineering considered a classic formulation of systems engineering as an art rather than a science. In this presentation, I really will be discussing the application of systems engineering to development, and in particular

Rhoads, James

196

Systems Engineering Research Overview and Opportunities  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Research Overview and Opportunities February 26, 2008 Dr. Donna H. Rhodes Dr@mit.edu #12;seari.mit.edu © 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 2 What is Systems Engineering? SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (Traditional) Systems engineering is the process of selecting and synthesizing the application

de Weck, Olivier L.

197

Desulfurization of fuel gases in fluidized bed gasification and hot fuel gas cleanup systems  

DOEpatents

A problem with the commercialization of fluidized bed gasification is that vast amounts of spent sorbent are generated if the sorbent is used on a once-through basis, especially if high sulfur coals are burned. The requirements of a sorbent for regenerative service in the FBG process are: (1) it must be capable of reducing the sulfur containing gas concentration of the FBG flue gas to within acceptable environmental standards; (2) it must not lose its reactivity on cyclic sulfidation and regeneration; (3) it must be capable of regeneration with elimination of substantially all of its sulfur content; (4) it must have good attrition resistance; and, (5) its cost must not be prohibitive. It has now been discovered that calcium silicate pellets, e.g., Portland cement type III pellets meet the criteria aforesaid. Calcium silicate removes COS and H/sub 2/S according to the reactions given to produce calcium sulfide silicate. The sulfur containing product can be regenerated using CO/sub 2/ as the regenerant. The sulfur dioxide can be conveniently reduced to sulfur with hydrogen or carbon for market or storage. The basic reactions in the process of this invention are the reactions with calcium silicate given in the patent. A convenient and inexpensive source of calcium silicate is Portland cement. Portland cement is a readily available, widely used construction meterial.

Steinberg, M.; Farber, G.; Pruzansky, J.; Yoo, H.J.; McGauley, P.

1983-08-26

198

Some studies on a solid-state sulfur probe for coal gasification systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As a part of a program for the development of a sulfur probe for monitoring the sulfur potential in coal gasification reactors, an investigation was conducted regarding the efficiency of the solid electrolyte cell Ar+H2+H2S/CaS+CaF2+(Pt)//CaF2//Pt)+CaF2+CaS/H2S+H2+Ar. A demonstration is provided of the theory, design, and operation of a solid-state sulfur probe based on CaF2 electrolyte. It was found that the cell responds to changes in sulfur potential in a manner predicted by the Nernst equation. The response time of the cell at 1225 K, after a small change in temperature or gas composition, was 2.5 Hr, while at a lower temperature of 990 K the response time was approximately 9 hr. The cell emf was insensitive to a moderate increase in the flow rate of the test gas and/or the reference gas. The exact factors affecting the slow response time of galvanic cells based on a CaF2 electrolyte have not yet been determined. The rate-limiting steps may be either the kinetics of electrode reactions or the rate of transport through the electrolyte.

Jacob, K. T.; Rao, D. B.; Nelson, H. G.

1978-01-01

199

Effect of experimental conditions on co-gasification of coal, biomass and plastics wastes with air\\/steam mixtures in a fluidized bed system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of temperature and of gasification medium was studied, using only air, only steam and mixtures of both as gasification medium, with the aim of optimising co-gasification of coal and wastes. The rise in gasification temperature promoted hydrocarbons further reactions, leading to a decrease in tars and hydrocarbons contents and an increase in H2 release. Increasing temperature, from 750

Filomena Pinto; Carlos Franco; Rui Neto André; C. Tavares; M. Dias; I. Gulyurtlu; I. Cabrita

2003-01-01

200

Small scale gasification of short rotation coppice willow for electricity generation  

SciTech Connect

Conversion technologies for wood chip produced from short rotation coppice willow have concentrated on small dispersed systems suitable for the farm structure found in Northern Ireland. The development of a 100 kW downdraft gasification, combined heat and power system identified a number of problems including fuel characteristics and gas clean up. Modifications to fuel feed systems, hearth design and particulate and tar removal methods have resulted consistent production of high quality gas for the diesel engine used for electricity generation.

Dawson, W.M.; Forbes, G. [Northern Ireland Horticulture and Plant Breeding Station, Armagh (United Kingdom); McCracken, A.R. [Dept. of Agriculture for Northern Ireland, Belfast (United Kingdom)

1996-12-31

201

Voraussetzungen: Control Systems I & II, System Modeling, Engine Class (IC Engines and Propulsion Systems,  

E-print Network

Systems, Introduction to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems,...), MATLAB Design for a Novel Engine Concept Position Control for an Internal Combustion Engine (Simulation) German. The control task is to make an internal combustion engine piston follow a reference position trajectory

Lygeros, John

202

UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES Industrial and Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES Industrial and Systems Engineering The Bachelor's Degree in Industrial, consulting at amusement parks, analyzing systems, and beyond. SYSTEMS ScIENcE AND INDUSTRIAl ENGINEERING of Engineering in Industrial Engineering (MEng IE) equips graduates to be effective in industry and provides

Suzuki, Masatsugu

203

Engine NOx reduction system  

SciTech Connect

Apparatus for use with an engine having a power-generating portion that burns a hydrocarbon fuel and air and produces hot exhaust gases is described, having a catalytic converter device that includes a catalyst for enhancing reactions of components of said exhaust gases, and having a conduit that couples said power-generating portion to said catalytic converter device, for reducing pollution in the exhaust, wherein said power-generating portion comprises a plurality of cylinders in which said fuel and air are burned, a mechanism for applying fuel and air to said cylinders, and a plurality of exhaust valves through which burned fuel and air is exhausted and which are connected to said upstream end of said conduit, said conduit including a manifold which is connected to a plurality of said exhaust valves and a downstream conduit portion which connects said manifold to said catalytic converter device, comprising: a device coupled to said conduit, which stores ammonia and injects it into said conduit at a location where the exhaust gases have a substantially maximum temperature, but which is devoid of open flames, to mix with said hot exhaust gases and pass with them along said conduit and then through said catalyst, said location being closer to said power-generating portion than to said catalytic converter and lying in said manifold.

Berriman, L.P.; Zabsky, J.M.; Davis, J.W.; Hylton, W.H.

1993-07-06

204

Combustion and gasification characteristics of chars from four commercially significant coals of different rank. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The combustion and gasification kinetics of four size graded coal chars were investigated experimentally in Combustion Engineering's Drop Tube Furnace System (DTFS). The chars were prepared in the DTFS from commercially significant coals representing a wide range of rank; these included a Pittsburgh No. 8 Seam hvAb coal, an Illinois No. 6 Seam hvCb coal, a Wyoming Sub C, and a Texas Lignite A. Additionally, a number of standard ASTM and special bench scale tests were performed on the coals and chars to characterize their physicochemical properties. Results showed that the lower rank coal chars were more reactive than the higher rank coal chars and that combustion reactions of chars were much faster than the corresponding gasification reactions. Fuel properties, temperature, and reactant gas partial pressure had a significant influence on both combustion and gasification, and particle size had a mild but discernible influence on gasification. Fuel reactivities were closely related to pore structure. Computer simulation of the combustion and gasification performances of the subject samples in the DTFS supported the experimental findings.

Nsakala, N.Y.; Patel, R.L.; Lao, T.C.

1982-09-01

205

Dish electric systems heat engine assessment  

SciTech Connect

In this study, cost and performance estimates of several heat engine technologies were made and their performance was then evaluated with a dish electric system model. This analysis yielded the relative potential of the different heat engine technologies to meet the National Solar Thermal Technology program goal for levelized electricity cost. The heat engines evaluated were the Brayton engine, the Rankine engine (organic and liquid metal), the liquid metal thermoelectric converter, the Stirling engine (free piston and kinematic), and two binary (combined cycle) engines. The study indicates that the liquid metal thermoelectric converter, the Stirling engines, and the binary engines have the highest potential for cost effective dish electric systems.

Lukens, L.L.

1985-06-01

206

RESULTS OF THE TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS FOR A NOVEL BIOMASS GASIFICATION-BASED POWER GENERATION SYSTEM FOR THE FOREST PRODUCTS INDUSTRY  

SciTech Connect

In 2001, the Gas Technology Institute (GTI) entered into Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-01NT41108 with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for an Agenda 2020 project to develop an advanced biomass gasification-based power generation system for near-term deployment in the Forest Products Industry (FPI). The advanced power system combines three advanced components, including biomass gasification, 3-stage stoker-fired combustion for biomass conversion, and externally recuperated gas turbines (ERGTs) for power generation. The primary performance goals for the advanced power system are to provide increased self-generated power production for the mill and to increase wastewood utilization while decreasing fossil fuel use. Additional goals are to reduce boiler NOx and CO{sub 2} emissions. The current study was conducted to determine the technical and economic feasibility of an Advanced Power Generation System capable of meeting these goals so that a capital investment decision can be made regarding its implementation at a paper mill demonstration site in DeRidder, LA. Preliminary designs and cost estimates were developed for all major equipment, boiler modifications and balance of plant requirements including all utilities required for the project. A three-step implementation plan was developed to reduce technology risk. The plant design was found to meet the primary objectives of the project for increased bark utilization, decreased fossil fuel use, and increased self-generated power in the mill. Bark utilization for the modified plant is significantly higher (90-130%) than current operation compared to the 50% design goal. For equivalent steam production, the total gas usage for the fully implemented plant is 29% lower than current operation. While the current average steam production from No.2 Boiler is about 213,000 lb/h, the total steam production from the modified plant is 379,000 lb/h. This steam production increase will be accomplished at a grate heat release rate (GHRR) equal to the original boiler design. Boiler efficiencies (cogeneration-steam plus air) is increased from the original design value of 70% to 78.9% due to a combination of improved burnout, operation with lower excess air, and drier fuel. For the fully implemented plant, the thermal efficiency of fuel to electricity conversion is 79.8% in the cogeneration mode, 5% above the design goal. Finally, self-generated electricity will be increased from the 10.8 MW currently attributable to No.2 Boiler to 46.7MW, an increase of 332%. Environmental benefits derived from the system include a reduction in NOx emissions from the boiler of about 30-50% (90-130 tons/year) through syngas reburning, improved carbon burnout and lower excess air. This does not count NOx reduction that may be associated with replacement of purchased electricity. The project would reduce CO{sub 2} emissions from the generation of electricity to meet the mill's power requirements, including 50,000 tons/yr from a net reduction in gas usage in the mill and an additional 410,000 tons/yr reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions due to a 34 MW reduction of purchased electricity. The total CO{sub 2} reduction amounts to about 33% of the CO{sub 2} currently generated to meet the mills electricity requirement. The overall conclusion of the study is that while significant engineering challenges are presented by the proposed system, they can be met with operationally acceptable and cost effective solutions. The benefits of the system can be realized in an economic manner, with a simple payback period on the order of 6 years. The results of the study are applicable to many paper mills in the U.S. firing woodwastes and other solid fuels for steam and power production.

Bruce Bryan; Joseph Rabovitser; Sunil Ghose; Jim Patel

2003-11-01

207

Core Concepts of Systems Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This telecollaborative project is designed to provide students in grades 9-12 with an orientation to systems engineering concepts. Through guided activities students will reverse-engineer a common device that contains both electrical and mechanical components and then create a systems diagram for the deconstructed device. (In this case, the device is a disposable camera.) In partnership with other project participants across the country, learners will reassemble the device and test their reconstruction against quality controls. The project is free with teacher registration. The module includes lesson plans, comprehensive teacher tutorial, reference material, question sets and worksheets, and digital collaboration tools. This resource was developed by the Center for Innovation in Science and Engineering Education (CIESE). Participation is cost-free with teacher registration. Editor's Note: Several components of this activity specifically address a physics curriculum. Disposable flash cameras provide an opportunity for analysis of electric field, charging a capacitor, and energy storage on a capacitor.

208

Jet engine air intake system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An axisymmetric air intake system for a jet aircraft engine comprising a fixed cowl extending outwardly from the face of the engine, a centerbody coaxially disposed within the cowl, and an actuator for axially displacing the centerbody within the cowl was developed. The cowl and centerbody define a main airflow passageway therebetween, the configuration of which is changed by displacement of the centerbody. The centerbody includes a forwardly-located closeable air inlet which communicates with a centerbody auxiliary airflow passageway to provide auxiliary airflow to the engine. In one embodiment, a system for opening and closing the centerbody air inlet is provided by a dual-member centerbody, the forward member of which may be displaced axially with respect to the aft member.

Sorensen, N. E.; Latham, E. A. (inventors)

1977-01-01

209

Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping  

SciTech Connect

For the past several years Alstom Power Inc. (Alstom), a leading world-wide power system manufacturer and supplier, has been in the initial stages of developing an entirely new, ultra-clean, low cost, high efficiency power plant for the global power market. This new power plant concept is based on a hybrid combustion-gasification process utilizing high temperature chemical and thermal looping technology The process consists of the oxidation, reduction, carbonation, and calcination of calcium-based compounds, which chemically react with coal, biomass, or opportunity fuels in two chemical loops and one thermal loop. The chemical and thermal looping technology can be alternatively configured as (i) a combustion-based steam power plant with CO{sub 2} capture, (ii) a hybrid combustion-gasification process producing a syngas for gas turbines or fuel cells, or (iii) an integrated hybrid combustion-gasification process producing hydrogen for gas turbines, fuel cells or other hydrogen based applications while also producing a separate stream of CO{sub 2} for use or sequestration. In its most advanced configuration, this new concept offers the promise to become the technology link from today's Rankine cycle steam power plants to tomorrow's advanced energy plants. The objective of this work is to develop and verify the high temperature chemical and thermal looping process concept at a small-scale pilot facility in order to enable AL to design, construct and demonstrate a pre-commercial, prototype version of this advanced system. In support of this objective, Alstom and DOE started a multi-year program, under this contract. Before the contract started, in a preliminary phase (Phase 0) Alstom funded and built the required small-scale pilot facility (Process Development Unit, PDU) at its Power Plant Laboratories in Windsor, Connecticut. Construction was completed in calendar year 2003. The objective for Phase I was to develop the indirect combustion loop with CO{sub 2} separation, and also syngas production from coal with the calcium sulfide (CaS)/calcium sulfate (CaSO{sub 4}) loop utilizing the PDU facility. The results of Phase I were reported in Reference 1, 'Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping Coal Power Development Technology Development Phase I Report' The objective for Phase II was to develop the carbonate loop--lime (CaO)/calcium carbonate (CaCO{sub 3}) loop, integrate it with the gasification loop from Phase I, and ultimately demonstrate the feasibility of hydrogen production from the combined loops. The results of this program were reported in Reference 3, 'Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping Coal Power Development Technology Development Phase II Report'. The objective of Phase III is to operate the pilot plant to obtain enough engineering information to design a prototype of the commercial Chemical Looping concept. The activities include modifications to the Phase II Chemical Looping PDU, solids transportation studies, control and instrumentation studies and additional cold flow modeling. The deliverable is a report making recommendations for preliminary design guidelines for the prototype plant, results from the pilot plant testing and an update of the commercial plant economic estimates.

Herbert Andrus; Gregory Burns; John Chiu; Gregory Lijedahl; Peter Stromberg; Paul Thibeault

2009-01-07

210

Gasification. 2nd. ed.  

SciTech Connect

This book covers gasification as a comprehensive topic, covering its many uses, from refining, to natural gas, to coal. It provides an overview of commercial processes and covers applications relevant to today's demands. The new edition is expanded and provides more detail on the integration issues for current generation, state-of-the-art Integrated Gasification Combined Cycles (IGCC); CO{sub 2} capture in the IGCC context addressing the issues of pre-investment and retrofitting as well as defining what the term 'CO{sub 2} capture ready' might mean in practice; issues of plant reliability, availability and maintainability (RAM) including as evaluation of feedback from existing plants; implementation of fuel cell technology in IGCC concepts. Contents are: Introduction; The Thermodynamics of Gasification; The Kinetics of Gasification and Reactor Theory; Feedstocks and Feedstock Characteristics; Gasification Processes; Practical Issues; Applications; Auxiliary Technologies; Economics, environmental, and Safety Issues; Gasification and the Future. 5 apps.

Christopher Higman; Maarten van der Burgt [Lurgi Oel Gas Chemie (Germany)

2008-02-15

211

Risk and Criticality Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

1 Lecture 11 Risk and Criticality Systems Engineering Dr. Joanna Bryson Dr. Leon Watts University should be able to: Describe the risk management process and define the concept of risk. Identify common risks in a software project. Perform probabilistic risk analysis Explain what is meant by a critical

Bryson, Joanna J.

212

Energy Engineering and Systems Analysis  

E-print Network

-- for the location of the plant. Defense in Depth Defense in Depth is a safety philosophy that guides the design Energy Engineering and Systems Analysis What is Defense in Depth? Defense in Depth nuclear facilities. The central tenet of Defense in Depth is to protect the health and safety

Kemner, Ken

213

Certificate Industrial and Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Six Sigma Certificate Industrial and Systems Engineering San José State University September, 2008, logistics, administration and service operations Strives for just-in-time operations and continuous flow via are in strong demand in Silicon Valley As Silicon Valley's premier teaching university, San José State

Su, Xiao

214

Security systems engineering overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Crime prevention is on the minds of most people today. The concern for public safety and the theft of valuable assets are being discussed at all levels of government and throughout the public sector. There is a growing demand for security systems that can adequately safeguard people and valuable assets against the sophistication of those criminals or adversaries who pose a threat. The crime in this country has been estimated at 70 billion dollars in direct costs and up to 300 billion dollars in indirect costs. Health insurance fraud alone is estimated to cost American businesses 100 billion dollars. Theft, warranty fraud, and counterfeiting of computer hardware totaled 3 billion dollars in 1994. A threat analysis is a prerequisite to any security system design to assess the vulnerabilities with respect to the anticipated threat. Having established a comprehensive definition of the threat, crime prevention, detection, and threat assessment technologies can be used to address these criminal activities. This talk will outline the process used to design a security system regardless of the level of security. This methodology has been applied to many applications including: government high security facilities; residential and commercial intrusion detection and assessment; anti-counterfeiting/fraud detection technologies; industrial espionage detection and prevention; security barrier technology.

Steele, Basil J.

1997-01-01

215

Security systems engineering overview  

SciTech Connect

Crime prevention is on the minds of most people today. The concern for public safety and the theft of valuable assets are being discussed at all levels of government and throughout the public sector. There is a growing demand for security systems that can adequately safeguard people and valuable assets against the sophistication of those criminals or adversaries who pose a threat. The crime in this country has been estimated at $70 billion in direct costs and up to $300 billion in indirect costs. Health insurance fraud alone is estimated to cost American businesses $100 billion. Theft, warranty fraud, and counterfeiting of computer hardware totaled $3 billion in 1994. A threat analysis is a prerequisite to any security system design to assess the vulnerabilities with respect to the anticipated threat. Having established a comprehensive definition of the threat, crime prevention, detection, and threat assessment technologies can be used to address these criminal activities. This talk will outline the process used to design a security system regardless of the level of security. This methodology has been applied to many applications including: government high security facilities; residential and commercial intrusion detection and assessment; anti-counterfeiting/fraud detection technologies (counterfeit currency, cellular phone billing, credit card fraud, health care fraud, passport, green cards, and questionable documents); industrial espionage detection and prevention (intellectual property, computer chips, etc.); and security barrier technology (creation of delay such as gates, vaults, etc.).

Steele, B.J.

1996-12-31

216

Information technology security system engineering methodology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology is described for system engineering security into large information technology systems under development. The methodology is an integration of a risk management process and a generic system development life cycle process. The methodology is to be used by Security System Engineers to effectively engineer and integrate information technology security into a target system as it progresses through the development life cycle. The methodology can also be used to re-engineer security into a legacy system.

Childs, D.

2003-01-01

217

Handbook of biomass downdraft gasifier engine systems  

SciTech Connect

This handbook has been prepared by the Solar Energy Research Institute under the US Department of Energy /bold Solar Technical Information Program/. It is intended as a guide to the design, testing, operation, and manufacture of small-scale (less than 200 kW (270 hp)) gasifiers. A great deal of the information will be useful for all levels of biomass gasification. The handbook is meant to be a practical guide to gasifier systems, and a minimum amount of space is devoted to questions of more theoretical interest.

Reed, T B; Das, A

1988-03-01

218

Diesel engine catalytic combustor system. [aircraft engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A low compression turbocharged diesel engine is provided in which the turbocharger can be operated independently of the engine to power auxiliary equipment. Fuel and air are burned in a catalytic combustor to drive the turbine wheel of turbine section which is initially caused to rotate by starter motor. By opening a flapper value, compressed air from the blower section is directed to catalytic combustor when it is heated and expanded, serving to drive the turbine wheel and also to heat the catalytic element. To start, engine valve is closed, combustion is terminated in catalytic combustor, and the valve is then opened to utilize air from the blower for the air driven motor. When the engine starts, the constituents in its exhaust gas react in the catalytic element and the heat generated provides additional energy for the turbine section.

Ream, L. W. (inventor)

1984-01-01

219

The engineered biofiltration system  

SciTech Connect

For years, biofiltration has meant compost, peat, bark, leave mulch, or any combination of these as the substrate to house microorganisms. This has lead to a number of operational and maintenance problems, including: compaction, channeling, anaerobic zones, dry spots, pressure drop, and media degradation. All of these cause reduced efficiency and increased maintenance and increased operational costs. For these reasons inert media, including plastic beads and low grade carbons have been added to the media for buffering capacity, resists compaction, channeling and to increase efficiency. This has led to search for a more reliable and sturdy media. The media the authors chose was activated carbon. Pelletized activated carbon was the ideal candidate due to its uniform size and shape, its inherent hardness, adsorptive capacity, and its ability to withstand microbial degradation. The pressure drop of the system will remain constant after microbial growth occurs, due to the ability to wash the media bed. Carbon allows for the removal of excess biomass which can not be performed on organic media, this is one of the problems leading to media degradation, too many microbes and not enough food (i.e. VOCs). Carbon also allows for spike or increased loads to be treated without performance suffering. Carbon also has tremendous surface area, which allows more microorganisms to be present in a smaller volume, therefore reducing the overall size of the biofilter vessel. This paper will discuss further the findings of a pilot test that was performed using activated carbon as the media for microbial growth. This paper will show the performance of the carbon based biofilter system with respect to pressure drop, residence time, removal efficiency, microbial populations, temperature, moisture, and water requirements. The pilot unit is 350 acfm and operated for 4 months on an air stream in which the contaminant concentrations varied greatly every few minutes.

Pisotti, D.A. [Geoenergy International Corp., Crystal Lake, IL (United States)

1997-12-31

220

Catalytic Wet Gasification of Municipal and Animal Wastes  

SciTech Connect

Applicability of wet gasification technology for various animal and municipal wastes was examined. Wet gasification of swine manure and raw sewage sludge generated high number of net energies. Furthermore, the moisture content of these wastes is ideal for current wet gasification technology. Significant quantities of water must be added to dry feedstock wastes such as poultry litter, feedlot manures and MSW to make the feedstock pumpable. Because of their high ash contents, MSW and unpaved feedlot manure would not generate positive energy return from wet gasification. The costs of a conceptual wet gasification manure management system for a model swine farm were significantly higher than that of the anaerobic lagoon system. However, many environmental advantages of the wet gasification system were identified, which might reduce the costs significantly. Due to high sulfur content of the wastes, pretreatment to prevent the poisoning of catalysts is critically needed.

Ro, Kyoung S.; Cantrell, Keri; Elliott, Douglas C.; Hunt, Patrick G.

2007-02-21

221

Engineering Design Information System (EDIS)  

SciTech Connect

This manual is a guide to the use of the Engineering Design Information System (EDIS) Phase I. The system runs on the Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., IBM 3081 unclassified computer. This is the first phase in the implementation of EDIS, which is an index, storage, and retrieval system for engineering documents produced at various plants and laboratories operated by Energy Systems for the Department of Energy. This manual presents on overview of EDIS, describing the system's purpose; the functions it performs; hardware, software, and security requirements; and help and error functions. This manual describes how to access EDIS and how to operate system functions using Database 2 (DB2), Time Sharing Option (TSO), Interactive System Productivity Facility (ISPF), and Soft Master viewing features employed by this system. Appendix A contains a description of the Soft Master viewing capabilities provided through the EDIS View function. Appendix B provides examples of the system error screens and help screens for valid codes used for screen entry. Appendix C contains a dictionary of data elements and descriptions.

Smith, P.S.; Short, R.D.; Schwarz, R.K.

1990-11-01

222

Feasibility study of wood biomass gasification\\/molten carbonate fuel cell power system—comparative characterization of fuel cell and gas turbine systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conversion of biomass by means of gasification into a fuel suitable for a high-temperature fuel cell has recently received more attention as a potential substitute for fossil fuels in electric power production. However, combining biomass gasification with a high-temperature fuel cell raises many questions with regard to efficiency, feasibility and process requirements. In this study, a biomass gasification\\/molten carbonate

H. Morita; F. Yoshiba; N. Woudstra; K. Hemmes; H. Spliethoff

2004-01-01

223

Development of an Integrated Multi-Contaminant Removal Process Applied to Warm Syngas Cleanup for Coal-Based Advanced Gasification Systems  

SciTech Connect

This project met the objective to further the development of an integrated multi-contaminant removal process in which H2S, NH3, HCl and heavy metals including Hg, As, Se and Cd present in the coal-derived syngas can be removed to specified levels in a single/integrated process step. The process supports the mission and goals of the Department of Energyâ??s Gasification Technologies Program, namely to enhance the performance of gasification systems, thus enabling U.S. industry to improve the competitiveness of gasification-based processes. The gasification program will reduce equipment costs, improve process environmental performance, and increase process reliability and flexibility. Two sulfur conversion concepts were tested in the laboratory under this project, i.e., the solventbased, high-pressure University of California Sulfur Recovery Process â?? High Pressure (UCSRP-HP) and the catalytic-based, direct oxidation (DO) section of the CrystaSulf-DO process. Each process required a polishing unit to meet the ultra-clean sulfur content goals of <50 ppbv (parts per billion by volume) as may be necessary for fuel cells or chemical production applications. UCSRP-HP was also tested for the removal of trace, non-sulfur contaminants, including ammonia, hydrogen chloride, and heavy metals. A bench-scale unit was commissioned and limited testing was performed with simulated syngas. Aspen-Plus®-based computer simulation models were prepared and the economics of the UCSRP-HP and CrystaSulf-DO processes were evaluated for a nominal 500 MWe, coal-based, IGCC power plant with carbon capture. This report covers the progress on the UCSRP-HP technology development and the CrystaSulf-DO technology.

Howard Meyer

2010-11-30

224

Gasification of rice straw in a fluidized-bed gasifier for syngas application in close-coupled boiler-gasifier systems.  

PubMed

The feasibility and operation performance of the gasification of rice straw in an atmospheric fluidized-bed gasifier was studied. The gasification was carried out between 700 and 850 °C. The stoichiometric air-fuel ratio (A/F) for rice straw was 4.28 and air supplied was 7-25% of that necessary for stoichiometric combustion. Mass and power balances, tar concentration, produced gas composition, gas phase ammonia, chloride and potassium concentrations, agglomeration tendencies and gas efficiencies were assessed. Agglomeration was avoided by replacing the normal alumina-silicate bed by a mixture of alumina-silicate sand and MgO. It was shown that it is possible to produce high quality syngas from the gasification of rice straw. Under the experimental conditions used, the higher heating value (HHV) of the produced gas reached 5.1 MJ Nm(-3), the hot gas efficiency 61% and the cold gas efficiency 52%. The obtained results prove that rice straw may be used as fuel for close-coupled boiler-gasifier systems. PMID:22297044

Calvo, L F; Gil, M V; Otero, M; Morán, A; García, A I

2012-04-01

225

FACULTY POSITION IN MODEL-BASED SYSTEMS ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

FACULTY POSITION IN MODEL-BASED SYSTEMS ENGINEERING The Institute for Systems Research (ISR systems engineering, advise systems engineering students for their theses, and develop new systems $20M, it conducts interdisciplinary research and provides education in systems engineering

Bohnhoff, David

226

ENGINEERING GRaduatE PRoGRams Biological SyStemS engineering Biomedical engineering chemical engineering civil and environmental engineering  

E-print Network

ENGINEERING GRaduatE PRoGRams Biological SyStemS engineering § Biomedical engineering § chemical engineering § civil and environmental engineering computer Science § electrical and computer engineering § materialS Science and engineering mechanical and aeronautical engineering § tranSportation technology

California at Davis, University of

227

Frameworks and Models in Engineering Systems / Engineering System Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This class, created by Prof. Joseph Sussman of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, provides an introduction to quantitative models and qualitative frameworks for studying complex engineering systems. Also taught is the art of abstracting a complex system into a model for purposes of analysis and design while dealing with complexity, emergent behavior, stochasticity, non-linearities and the requirements of many stakeholders with divergent objectives. The successful completion of the class requires a semester-long class project that deals with critical contemporary issues which require an integrative, interdisciplinary approach using the above models and frameworks.

Sussman, Joseph

228

industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business prin-  

E-print Network

70 industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business prin to help companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems Engineer's task Available · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 129 units · Industrial and Systems

Rohs, Remo

229

Safety-driven system engineering process  

E-print Network

As the demand for high-performing complex systems has increased, the ability of engineers to meet that demand has not kept pace. The creators of the traditional system engineering processes did not anticipate modern complex ...

Stringfellow, Margaret Virgina

2008-01-01

230

2014 GRADUATE STUDIES TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

2014 GRADUATE STUDIES TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS ENGINEERING RESEARCH AREAS SELECTED COURSES UNIVERSITY is the understanding that transportation systems engineering can promote a thriving economy and a high quality of life

Wang, Yuhang

231

Heat engine generator control system  

DOEpatents

An electrical power generation system includes a heat engine having an output member operatively coupled to the rotor of a dynamoelectric machine. System output power is controlled by varying an electrical parameter of the dynamoelectric machine. A power request signal is related to an engine speed and the electrical parameter is varied in accordance with a speed control loop. Initially, the sense of change in the electrical parameter in response to a change in the power request signal is opposite that required to effectuate a steady state output power consistent with the power request signal. Thereafter, the electrical parameter is varied to converge the output member speed to the speed known to be associated with the desired electrical output power.

Rajashekara, Kaushik (Carmel, IN); Gorti, Bhanuprasad Venkata (Towson, MD); McMullen, Steven Robert (Anderson, IN); Raibert, Robert Joseph (Fishers, IN)

1998-01-01

232

Solar dish/engine systems  

SciTech Connect

Solar dish/engine systems convert the energy from the sun into electricity at a very high efficiency. Using a mirror array formed into the shape of a dish, the solar dish focuses the sun`s rays onto a receiver. The receiver transmits the energy to an engine that generates electric power. Because of the high concentration ratios achievable with parabolic dishes and the small size of the receiver, solar dishes are efficient at collecting solar energy at very high temperatures. Tests of prototype systems and components at locations throughout the US have demonstrated net solar to electric conversion efficiencies as high as 30%. This is significantly higher than any other solar technology.

Not Available

1998-04-01

233

Systems Engineering for Civil Timekeeping  

E-print Network

The future of Coordinated Universal Time has been a topic of energetic discussions for more than a dozen years. Different communities view the issue in different ways. Diametrically opposed visions exist for the range of appropriate solutions that should be entertained. Rather than an insoluble quandary, we suggest that well-known systems engineering best practices would provide a framework for reaching consensus. This starts with the coherent collection of project requirements.

Seaman, Rob

2011-01-01

234

Gasification: A Cornerstone Technology  

SciTech Connect

NETL is a leader in the science and technology of gasification - a process for the conversion of carbon-based materials such as coal into synthesis gas (syngas) that can be used to produce clean electrical energy, transportation fuels, and chemicals efficiently and cost-effectively using domestic fuel resources. Gasification is a cornerstone technology of 21st century zero emissions powerplants

Gary Stiegel

2008-03-26

235

Gasification: A Cornerstone Technology  

ScienceCinema

NETL is a leader in the science and technology of gasification - a process for the conversion of carbon-based materials such as coal into synthesis gas (syngas) that can be used to produce clean electrical energy, transportation fuels, and chemicals efficiently and cost-effectively using domestic fuel resources. Gasification is a cornerstone technology of 21st century zero emissions powerplants

Gary Stiegel

2010-01-08

236

Biological Systems Engineering Major Summer 2014 through Spring 2016  

E-print Network

Biological Systems Engineering Major Summer 2014 through Spring 2016 UndergraduateStudentHandbook #12;2014-16 Undergraduate Student Handbook for Biological Systems Engineering Majors, University Engineering Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering Food and Bioprocess Engineering Structural Systems

Bohnhoff, David

237

Coal gasification vessel  

DOEpatents

A vessel system (10) comprises an outer shell (14) of carbon fibers held in a binder, a coolant circulation mechanism (16) and control mechanism (42) and an inner shell (46) comprised of a refractory material and is of light weight and capable of withstanding the extreme temperature and pressure environment of, for example, a coal gasification process. The control mechanism (42) can be computer controlled and can be used to monitor and modulate the coolant which is provided through the circulation mechanism (16) for cooling and protecting the carbon fiber and outer shell (14). The control mechanism (42) is also used to locate any isolated hot spots which may occur through the local disintegration of the inner refractory shell (46).

Loo, Billy W. (Oakland, CA)

1982-01-01

238

_q .. SP-6102 -" IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

_¢q .. SP-6102 -" READINGS IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING Edited by Francis T. Hoban and William M. Lawbaugh co ! (NASA-SP-6102) REAOINGS IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (NASa) 215 p N93-24678 --THRU-- N93-24693 Unclas H1/31 0158570 #12;.J T ,j J #12;READINGS IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING Edited by Francis T. Hoban

Rhoads, James

239

Lehrstuhl Software & Systems Engineering Seite. 1  

E-print Network

14.01.2005 Lehrstuhl Software & Systems Engineering Seite. 1 TU München - Fakultät für Informatik@in.tum.de #12;14.01.2005 Lehrstuhl Software & Systems Engineering Seite. 2 Gliederung F Geschichte und;14.01.2005 Lehrstuhl Software & Systems Engineering Seite. 3 Geschichte und Diagrammarten F Diagrammarten der UML 2

Cengarle, María Victoria

240

Process Systems Engineering Ice cream scheduling  

E-print Network

S P S Process Systems Engineering Ice cream scheduling Martijn van Elzakker EWO meeting, 28 September 2010 #12;S P S Process Systems Engineering Problem overview 128-9-2010 All products Product type 2 Storage · Ageing · Freezing · Packing #12;S P S Process Systems Engineering Process Specifics Production

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

241

CAD system use and engineering performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-aided design (CAD) systems can support engineering work at three levels: design, analysis, and communication. Seventy-five engineers in two gas turbine engine manufacturing companies were surveyed in an attempt to understand the relationship between these three types of CAD use and engineering performance. The results show strong links between different types of CAD use; use for design enables for for

David Robertson; Thomas J. Allen

1993-01-01

242

Mathematical Methods System and Software Engineering*  

E-print Network

diagrams. The development process is often supported by CASE (Computer Aided Software Engineering) tools of rules, procedures and engineering processes. There cannot be any doubts that software engineering has engineering, in practice, deals with the development of large and often complex information processing systems

243

2006 gasification technologies conference papers  

SciTech Connect

Sessions covered: business overview, industry trends and new developments; gasification projects progress reports; industrial applications and opportunities; Canadian oil sands; China/Asia gasification markets - status and projects; carbon management with gasification technologies; gasification economics and performance issues addressed; and research and development, and new technologies initiatives.

NONE

2006-07-01

244

Information Technology: Computer Systems Engineer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, learn what drove Choice JenningsâÂÂsomeone who had never owned a computer of his ownâÂÂto become interested in computer graphics, attend community college, earn an associate's degree in computer systems engineering (CSE), and start his own information technology (IT) business. Also see the many roles a CSE professional can play, from systems administrator to IT director.The video runs 2:45 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

245

DEPARTMENTAL STATEMENT ON SYSTEMS ENGINEERING SCHOLARSHIP Systems Engineering Department, Naval Postgraduate School  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENTAL STATEMENT ON SYSTEMS ENGINEERING SCHOLARSHIP Systems Engineering Department, Naval been adopted by the faculty of the Department of Systems Engineering at the Naval Postgraduate School. They are applicable to both students and faculty in Systems Engineering. These principles and standards are intended

246

ENERGY-CYCLE ANALYSIS OF A GASIFICATION-BASED MULTI-PRODUCT SYSTEM WITH CO2 RECOVERY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The DOE is investigating CO2 recovery from fossil-fuel cycles as a greenhouse gas mitigation strategy. Recognizing this, we used life-cycle analysis tools to compare two integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) plant designs based on the Shell entrained-flow gasifier. One option, called the \\

J. C. Molburg; N. F. Brockmeier; V. A. Gorokhov; L. M. Manfredo; M. Ramezan; G. J. Stiegel

247

WABASH RIVER COAL GASIFICATION REPOWERING PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

The close of 1999 marked the completion of the Demonstration Period of the Wabash River Coal Gasification Repowering Project. This Final Report summarizes the engineering and construction phases and details the learning experiences from the first four years of commercial operation that made up the Demonstration Period under Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-92MC29310. This 262 MWe project is a joint venture of Global Energy Inc. (Global acquired Destec Energy's gasification assets from Dynegy in 1999) and PSI Energy, a part of Cinergy Corp. The Joint Venture was formed to participate in the Department of Energy's Clean Coal Technology (CCT) program and to demonstrate coal gasification repowering of an existing generating unit impacted by the Clean Air Act Amendments. The participants jointly developed, separately designed, constructed, own, and are now operating an integrated coal gasification combined-cycle power plant, using Global Energy's E-Gas{trademark} technology (E-Gas{trademark} is the name given to the former Destec technology developed by Dow, Destec, and Dynegy). The E-Gas{trademark} process is integrated with a new General Electric 7FA combustion turbine generator and a heat recovery steam generator in the repowering of a 1950's-vintage Westinghouse steam turbine generator using some pre-existing coal handling facilities, interconnections, and other auxiliaries. The gasification facility utilizes local high sulfur coals (up to 5.9% sulfur) and produces synthetic gas (syngas), sulfur and slag by-products. The Project has the distinction of being the largest single train coal gasification combined-cycle plant in the Western Hemisphere and is the cleanest coal-fired plant of any type in the world. The Project was the first of the CCT integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) projects to achieve commercial operation.

Unknown

2000-09-01

248

Multimedia Feedback Systems for Engineering  

SciTech Connect

The World Wide Web has become a key tool for information sharing. Engineers and scientists are finding that the web is especially suited to publishing the graphical, multi-layered information that is typical of their work. Web pages are easier to distribute than hardcopy. Web movies have become more accessible, in many offices, than videos. Good VRML viewing software, bundled with most new PCs, has sufficient power to support many engineering needs. In addition to publishing information science and engineering has an important tradition of peer and customer review. Reports, drawings and graphs are typically printed, distributed, reviewed, marked up, and returned to the author. Adding review comments to paper is easy. When, however, the information is in electronic form, this ease of review goes away. It's hard to write on videos. It's even harder to write comments on animated 3D models. These feedback limitations reduce the value of the information overall. Fortunately, the web can also be a useful tool for collecting peer and customer review information. When properly formed, web reports, movies, and 3D animations can be readily linked to review notes. This paper describes three multimedia feed-back systems that Sandia National Laboratories has developed to tap that potential. Each system allows people to make context-sensitive comments about specific web content and electronically ties the comments back to the web content being referenced. The fuel system ties comments to specific web pages, the second system ties the comments to specific frames of digital movies, and the third ties the comments to specific times and viewpoints within 3D animations. In addition to the technologies, this paper describes how they are being used to support intelligent machine systems design at Sandia.

Gladwell, S.; Gottlieb, E.J.; McDonald, M.J.; Slutter, C.L.

1998-12-15

249

Systems engineering in the global environment : a wicked future.  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses the following questions: (1) What are the Global Problems that require Systems Engineering; (2) Where is Systems Engineering going; (3) What are the boundaries of Systems Engineering; (4) What is the distinction between Systems Thinking and Systems Engineering; (5) Can we use Systems Engineering on Complex Systems; and (6) Can we use Systems Engineering on Wicked Problems?

Griego, Regina M.

2010-12-01

250

Materials of Gasification  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to accumulate and establish a database of construction materials, coatings, refractory liners, and transitional materials that are appropriate for the hardware and scale-up facilities for atmospheric biomass and coal gasification processes. Cost, fabricability, survivability, contamination, modes of corrosion, failure modes, operational temperatures, strength, and compatibility are all areas of materials science for which relevant data would be appropriate. The goal will be an established expertise of materials for the fossil energy area within WRI. This would be an effort to narrow down the overwhelming array of materials information sources to the relevant set which provides current and accurate data for materials selection for fossil fuels processing plant. A significant amount of reference material on materials has been located, examined and compiled. The report that describes these resources is well under way. The reference material is in many forms including texts, periodicals, websites, software and expert systems. The most important part of the labor is to refine the vast array of available resources to information appropriate in content, size and reliability for the tasks conducted by WRI and its clients within the energy field. A significant has been made to collate and capture the best and most up to date references. The resources of the University of Wyoming have been used extensively as a local and assessable location of information. As such, the distribution of materials within the UW library has been added as a portion of the growing document. Literature from recent journals has been combed for all pertinent references to high temperature energy based applications. Several software packages have been examined for relevance and usefulness towards applications in coal gasification and coal fired plant. Collation of the many located resources has been ongoing. Some web-based resources have been examined.

None

2005-09-15

251

Gasification and combustion technologies of agro-residues and their application to rural electric power systems in India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biomass based power generation has the potential to add up to 20,000 MW of distributed capacity in India close to the rural load centers. However, the present production of biomass-based electricity is modest, contributing a mere 300 MW of installed capacity. In this thesis, we shall examine some of the scientific, technological and policy issues concerned with the generation and commercial viability of biomass-based electric power. We first consider the present status of biomass-based power in India and make an attempt to understand the reasons for low utilization. Our analysis suggests that the small-scale biomass power plants (<100 kW) when used for village electrification have a low Plant Load Factor (PLF) that adversely affects their economic viability. Medium Scale units (0.5 MW--5 MW) do not appear attractive because of the costs involved in the biomass transportation. There is thus a merit in considering power plants that use biomass available in large quantities in agro-processing centers such as rice or sugar mills where power plants of capacities in excess of 5 MW are possible without biomass transportation. We then simulate a biomass gasification combustion cycle using a naturally aspirated spark ignition engine since it can run totally on biomass gas. The gasifier and engine are modeled using the chemical equilibrium approach. The simulation is used to study the impact of fuel moisture and the performance of different biomass feedstock. Biomass power plants when used for decentralized power generation; close to the rural load centers can solve some of the problems of rural power supply: provide voltage support, reactive power and peak shaving. We consider an innovative option of setting up a rural electricity micro-grid using a decentralized biomass power plant and selected a rural feeder in Tumkur district, Karnataka for three-phase AC load flow studies. Our results suggest that this option significantly reduces the distribution losses and improves the voltage profiles. We examine a few innovative policy options for making a rural micro-grid economically viable and also a pricing mechanism for reactive power and wheeling. We next consider co-firing biomass and coal in utility boilers as an attractive option for biomass utilization because of low capital costs; high efficiency of utility boilers; lower CO2 emissions (per kWh) and also lower NOx and SO2. However, efficiency derating of the boilers caused by unburnt carbon in the fly ash is a major concern of the utilities. We develop a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) based model to understand the impact of co-firing on utility boilers. A detailed biomass devolatilization sub-model is also developed to study the importance of intra-particle heat and mass transport. Finally, we conduct an experimental study of the pyrolysis of rice husk. We conducted single particle experiments in a Confocal Scanning Laser Microscope (CSLM) at the Department of Material Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University coupled with Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis of partially and fully combusted particles. Our results seem to indicate that the role of silica fibers is not merely to act as geometric shields for the carbon atoms. Instead there appears to be a strong and thermally resistant inter-molecular bonding that prevents carbon conversion. Therefore, it may not be possible to achieve full carbon conversion.

Bharadwaj, Anshu

252

Comparative description of coal feeding systems for fixed bed pressure gasification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Coal feeding systems are discussed which are capable of feeding 20-100 T/H and the range of pressure is up to 100 bar. Most emphasis is placed on dry feeding systems. The systems outlined are subdivided into continuous and intermittent and the influence of each system on lock gas losses and reactor design is shown. Finally a cost estimate is presented which indicates the areas of preferred application and permits conclusions to be drawn regarding the economics of the various systems.

Funk, E.; Reimert, R.

1977-01-01

253

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 13. Gasification of Blind Canyon bituminous coal  

SciTech Connect

A single-staged, fixed-bed Wellman-Galusha gasifier coupled with a hot, raw gas combustion system and scrubber has been used to gasify numerous coals from throughout the United States. The gasification test program is organized as a cooperative effort by private industrial participants and governmental agencies. The consortium of participants is organized under the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas (MIFGa) Group. This report is the thirteenth volume in a series of reports describing the atmospheric pressure, fixed-bed gasification of US coals. This specific report describes the gasification of Blind Canyon bituminous coal, from July 31, 1984 to August 11, 1984. 6 refs., 22 figs., 20 tabs.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Pooler, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittelson, D.

1985-05-01

254

Extending Systems Engineering Leading Indicators for Human Systems Integration Effectiveness  

E-print Network

Extending Systems Engineering Leading Indicators for Human Systems Integration Effectiveness elements; an essential enabler to systems engineering practice. US Air Force ­ 9 HSI Domains #12;seari are an integral part of the overall systems engineering process and are critically important for defense systems

de Weck, Olivier L.

255

Integrating system safety into the basic systems engineering process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic elements of a systems engineering process are given along with a detailed description of what the safety system requires from the systems engineering process. Also discussed is the safety that the system provides to other subfunctions of systems engineering.

Griswold, J. W.

1971-01-01

256

Industrial & Systems Engineering University of Washington  

E-print Network

Industrial & Systems Engineering University of Washington Linda Ng Boyle, Ph.D. Associate Professor linda@u.washington.edu #12;Agenda · What is Industrial & Systems Engineering? · Where do Industrial Engineers get jobs? · What classes would you take in ISE? · Where do UW graduates with ISE degrees

Anderson, Richard

257

Rational Unified Process for Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Rational Unified Process for Systems Engineering Part 1: Introducing RUP SE Version 2.0 by Murray Cantor Principal Engineer Rational Brand Services IBM Software Group Editor's Note: The IBM Rational-In to support systems engineering was proposed by Rational Software's strategic services organization. The RUP

Balmelli, Laurent

258

40 CFR 90.307 - Engine cooling system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Equipment Provisions § 90.307 Engine cooling system. An engine cooling system is required with sufficient...the engine manufacturer. Auxiliary fan(s) may be used to maintain sufficient engine cooling during engine dynamometer...

2011-07-01

259

40 CFR 90.307 - Engine cooling system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Equipment Provisions § 90.307 Engine cooling system. An engine cooling system is required with sufficient...the engine manufacturer. Auxiliary fan(s) may be used to maintain sufficient engine cooling during engine dynamometer...

2014-07-01

260

40 CFR 90.307 - Engine cooling system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Equipment Provisions § 90.307 Engine cooling system. An engine cooling system is required with sufficient...the engine manufacturer. Auxiliary fan(s) may be used to maintain sufficient engine cooling during engine dynamometer...

2012-07-01

261

40 CFR 90.307 - Engine cooling system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Equipment Provisions § 90.307 Engine cooling system. An engine cooling system is required with sufficient...the engine manufacturer. Auxiliary fan(s) may be used to maintain sufficient engine cooling during engine dynamometer...

2013-07-01

262

Systems Engineering and Reusable Avionics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One concept for future space flights is to construct building blocks for a wide variety of avionics systems. Once a unit has served its original purpose, it can be removed from the original vehicle and reused in a similar or dissimilar function, depending on the function blocks the unit contains. For example: Once a lunar lander has reached the moon's surface, an engine controller for the Lunar Decent Module would be removed and used for a lunar rover motor control unit or for a Environmental Control Unit for a Lunar Habitat. This senior design project included the investigation of a wide range of functions of space vehicles and possible uses. Specifically, this includes: (1) Determining and specifying the basic functioning blocks of space vehicles. (2) Building and demonstrating a concept model. (3) Showing high reliability is maintained. The specific implementation of this senior design project included a large project team made up of Systems, Electrical, Computer, and Mechanical Engineers/Technologists. The efforts were made up of several sub-groups that each worked on a part of the entire project. The large size and complexity made this project one of the more difficult to manage and advise. Typical projects only have 3-4 students, but this project had 10 students from five different disciplines. This paper describes the difference of this large project compared to typical projects, and the challenges encountered. It also describes how the systems engineering approach was successfully implemented so that the students were able to meet nearly all of the project requirements.

Conrad, James M.; Murphy, Gloria

2010-01-01

263

Engine systems analysis results of the Space Shuttle Main Engine redesigned powerhead initial engine level testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Engineers regularly analyze SSME ground test and flight data with respect to engine systems performance. Recently, a redesigned SSME powerhead was introduced to engine-level testing in part to increase engine operational margins through optimization of the engine internal environment. This paper presents an overview of the MSFC personnel engine systems analysis results and conclusions reached from initial engine level testing of the redesigned powerhead, and further redesigns incorporated to eliminate accelerated main injector baffle and main combustion chamber hot gas wall degradation. The conclusions are drawn from instrumented engine ground test data and hardware integrity analysis reports and address initial engine test results with respect to the apparent design change effects on engine system and component operation.

Sander, Erik J.; Gosdin, Dennis R.

1992-01-01

264

Applying System Engineering to Pharmaceutical Safety  

E-print Network

While engineering techniques are used in the development of medical devices and have been applied to individual healthcare processes, such as the use of checklists in surgery and ICUs, the application of system engineering ...

Couturier, Matthieu

265

A Systems Engineering Approach to Developing  

E-print Network

Engineering Process Funding Req't Analysis Business Model Business Detailed Design Business Processes Business Business Plan Business Requirements Analysis Business Customers State The Problem Determine Need #12A Systems Engineering Approach to Developing Business Models - Healthcare Presented by Gary

266

Gasification Technologie: Opportunities & Challenges  

SciTech Connect

This course has been put together to provide a single source document that not only reviews the historical development of gasification but also compares the process to combustion. It also provides a short discussion on integrated gasification and combined cycle processes. The major focus of the course is to describe the twelve major gasifiers being developed today. The hydrodynamics and kinetics of each are reviewed along with the most likely gas composition from each of the technologies when using a variety of fuels under different conditions from air blown to oxygen blown and atmospheric pressure to several atmospheres. If time permits, a more detailed discussion of low temperature gasification will be included.

Breault, R.

2012-01-01

267

Prerequisites: Control System I + II, Engine Systems, MATLAB/Simulink  

E-print Network

institute, we are working on a new concept: Diesel-CNG dual fuel engine. In this engine, Diesel is injected, retrofitting an existing heavy-duty Diesel engine is not just plug and play. A lot of modeling, optimizationPrerequisites: Control System I + II, Engine Systems, MATLAB/Simulink Contact: Mu Wang, ML K 41

Daraio, Chiara

268

DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL AND SYSTEMS ENGINEERING Dwight look College of Engineering  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL AND SYSTEMS ENGINEERING Dwight look College of Engineering .NOTICE of Industrial &Systems Engineering; participate in scholarly activities such as conducting research.D. in industrial and systems engineering, cognitive psychology or a closely related discipline. SALARY

Behmer, Spencer T.

269

RDD-100 and the systems engineering process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An effective systems engineering approach applied through the project life cycle can help Langley produce a better product. This paper demonstrates how an enhanced systems engineering process for in-house flight projects assures that each system will achieve its goals with quality performance and within planned budgets and schedules. This paper also describes how the systems engineering process can be used in combination with available software tools.

Averill, Robert D.

1994-01-01

270

Economic optimization of the combined cycle integrated with multi-product gasification system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The system taken into consideration consists of the Corex unit, combined cycle power plant and air separation unit (ASU). The Corex process (trademark of Siemens-VAI) is one of technologies for cokeless hot metal production. Coal is gasified by oxygen in the hot metal environment. The excess gas can be used out of installation. It has been assumed that the Corex

M. Liszka; A. Ziebik

2009-01-01

271

City of Gladstone wood-gasification system for the city's power plant. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The re-activation of the Gladstone generating plant and the installation of a wood-fueled system will save the citizens of the city $25 to $30 million though the year 2003. The purchase of locally produced renewable wood fuel will put $50 million into the local economy and will generate approximately $200 million in economic activity. The re-activation of the plant will create 200+ man years of labor, with the monetary benefits coming directly to local citizens. If the city reactivates the facility to satisfy its needs, it is recommended that they install a direct-feed system that will burn coal, whole-tree chips, hogged railroad ties, and paper on the existing Roto-grate stoker.

Not Available

1982-09-01

272

Evaluation of the genotoxicity of process stream extracts from a coal gasification system.  

PubMed

Extracts of three complex organic environmental mixtures, two from an experimental coal gasifier (a raw gas and a clean gas sample) and one from a coke oven main, were examined for genotoxicity. Three short-term genotoxicity assay systems were used: Ames Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay, Chinese hamster ovary cell/hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (CHO/HGPRT) gene locus mutation assay, and the Chinese hamster lung primary culture/sister chromatid exchange (CHL/SCE) assay. Aroclor-1254-induced rat liver homogenate fraction (S-9) was required to observe genotoxicity in both gene locus mutation assays (CHO/HGPRT and Ames). The relative survival of CHO cells exposed to extracts was highest in cells exposed to clean gas samples, with the raw gas sample being the most cytotoxic either with or without the addition of S-9. All three complex mixtures induced sister chromatid exchanges in primary lung cell cultures without the addition of S-9. The relative genotoxicity ranking of the samples varied between the mammalian and prokaryotic assay systems. Coke oven main extract produced fewer revertants in bacteria than the raw gas sample. However, the coke oven main extract was more genotoxic in the two eukaryotic systems (CHL/SCE and CHO/HGPRT) than was the raw gas sample. The results of all three assays indicate that the cleanup process used in the experimental gasifier was effective in decreasing the genotoxic materials in the process stream. These data also reemphasize the necessity of evaluating genotoxicity of complex mixtures in a variety of short-term systems. PMID:6389110

Shimizu, R W; Benson, J M; Li, A P; Henderson, R F; Brooks, A L

1984-01-01

273

Gasification of biomass wastes and residues for electricity production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technical feasibility and the economic and environmental performance of atmospheric gasification of biomass wastes and residues integrated with a combined cycle for electricity production are investigated for Dutch conditions. The system selected for study is an atmospheric circulating fluidized bed gasifier-combined cycle (ACFBCC) plant based on the General Electric LM 2500 gas turbine and atmospheric gasification technology, including flue

René van Ree; Lars Waldheim; Eva Olsson; André Oudhuis; Ad van Wijk; Cees Daey-Ouwens; Wim Turkenburg

1997-01-01

274

Systems Engineering Graduate Certificate Program About the Program  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Graduate Certificate Program About the Program Clemson University's College Engineering. Systems Engineers manage large and/or complex projects that are comprised of multiple technical from inception, to development, to commissioning and project completion. Systems Engineers must

Hallstrom, Jason

275

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 6. Gasification of delayed petroleum coke  

SciTech Connect

A single-staged, fixed-bed Wellman-Galusha gasifier coupled with a hot, raw gas combustion system and scrubber has been used to gasify numerous coals from throughout the United States. The gasification test program is organized as a cooperative effort by private industrial participants and governmental agencies. The consortium of participants is organized under the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas (MIFGa) Group. This report is the sixth volume in a series of reports describing the atmospheric pressure, fixed-bed gasification of US coals. This specific report describes the gasification of delayed petroleum coke from Pine Bend, MN. The period of the gasification test was June 1-17, 1983. 2 refs., 15 figs., 22 tabs.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Pooler, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittelson, D.

1985-05-01

276

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 7. Gasification of Piney Tipple bituminous coal  

SciTech Connect

A single-staged, fixed-bed Wellman-Galusha gasifier coupled with a hot, raw gas combustion system and scrubber has been used to gasify numerous coals from throughout the United States. The gasification test program is organized as a cooperative effort by private industrial participants and governmental agencies. The consortium of participants is organized under the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas (MIFGa) Group. This report is the seventh volume in a series of reports describing the atmospheric pressure, fixed-bed gasification of US coals. This specific report describes the gasification of Piney Tipple bituminous coal. The period of the gasification test was July 18-24, 1983. 6 refs., 20 figs., 17 tabs.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Pooler, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittelson, D.

1985-05-01

277

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 4. Gasification of Leucite Hills subbituminous coal  

SciTech Connect

A single-staged, fixed-bed Wellman-Galusha gasifier coupled with a hot, raw gas combustion system and scrubber has been used to gasify numerous coals from throughout the United States. The gasification test program is organized as a cooperative effort by private industrial participants and governmental agencies. The consortium of participants is organized under the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas (MIFGa) Group. This report is the fourth volume in a series of reports describing the atmospheric pressure, fixed-bed gasification of US coals. This specific report describes the gasification of Leucite Hills subbituminous coal from Sweetwater County, Wyoming. The period of the gasification test was April 11-30, 1983. 4 refs., 23 figs., 27 tabs.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Pooler, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittelson, D.

1985-03-31

278

Three-Dimensional Morphology of Systems Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the structure and form of systems engineering using the technique of morphological analysis is presented. The result is a model of the field of systems engineering that may be rich in applications. Three uses given for illustration are in taxonomy, discovery of new sets of activities, and systems science curriculum design.

Arthur Hall

1969-01-01

279

An Introductory Course in Systems Engineering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the differences of opinion on the nature and scope of systems engineering and offers one operational definition. Describes the systems engineering curriculum at the Naval Academy, gives the objectives of an introductory systems course, and presents laboratory computer applications. (GS)

Blum, Joseph J.

1974-01-01

280

West Virginia University 1 Energy Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

in the area of conversion Distribution/storage 3 Examples include: #12;2 Energy Systems Engineering EE 533West Virginia University 1 Energy Systems Engineering The Master of Science in Energy Systems and skills relative to the production, conversion, transmission, and utilization of energy storage, modeling

Mohaghegh, Shahab

281

Sorption Mechanisms for Mercury Capture in Warm Post-Gasification Gas Clean-Up Systems  

SciTech Connect

The research was directed towards a sorbent injection/particle removal process where a sorbent may be injected upstream of the warm gas cleanup system to scavenge Hg and other trace metals, and removed (with the metals) within the warm gas cleanup process. The specific objectives of this project were to understand and quantify, through fundamentally based models, mechanisms of interaction between mercury vapor compounds and novel paper waste derived (kaolinite + calcium based) sorbents (currently marketed under the trade name MinPlus). The portion of the research described first is the experimental portion, in which sorbent effectiveness to scavenge metallic mercury (Hg{sup 0}) at high temperatures (>600 C) is determined as a function of temperature, sorbent loading, gas composition, and other important parameters. Levels of Hg{sup 0} investigated were in an industrially relevant range ({approx} 25 {micro}g/m{sup 3}) although contaminants were contained in synthetic gases and not in actual flue gases. A later section of this report contains the results of the complementary computational results.

Jost Wendt; Sung Jun Lee; Paul Blowers

2008-09-30

282

System Engineering of Autonomous Space Vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Human exploration of the solar system requires fully autonomous systems when travelling more than 5 light minutes from Earth. This autonomy is necessary to manage a large, complex spacecraft with limited crew members and skills available. The communication latency requires the vehicle to deal with events with only limited crew interaction in most cases. The engineering of these systems requires an extensive knowledge of the spacecraft systems, information theory, and autonomous algorithm characteristics. The characteristics of the spacecraft systems must be matched with the autonomous algorithm characteristics to reliably monitor and control the system. This presents a large system engineering problem. Recent work on product-focused, elegant system engineering will be applied to this application, looking at the full autonomy stack, the matching of autonomous systems to spacecraft systems, and the integration of different types of algorithms. Each of these areas will be outlined and a general approach defined for system engineering to provide the optimal solution to the given application context.

Watson, Michael D.; Johnson, Stephen B.; Trevino, Luis

2014-01-01

283

Advancing Systems Engineering Excellence: The Marshall Systems Engineering Leadership Development Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As NASA undertakes increasingly complex projects, the need for expert systems engineers and leaders in systems engineering is becoming more pronounced. As a result of this issue, the Agency has undertaken an initiative to develop more systems engineering leaders through its Systems Engineering Leadership Development Program; however, the NASA Office of the Chief Engineer has also called on the field Centers to develop mechanisms to strengthen their expertise in systems engineering locally. In response to this call, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed a comprehensive development program for aspiring systems engineers and systems engineering leaders. This presentation will summarize the two-level program, which consists of a combination of training courses and on-the-job, developmental training assignments at the Center to help develop stronger expertise in systems engineering and technical leadership. In addition, it will focus on the success the program has had in its pilot year. The program hosted a formal kickoff event for Level I on October 13, 2009. The first class includes 42 participants from across MSFC and Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF). A formal call for Level II is forthcoming. With the new Agency focus on research and development of new technologies, having a strong pool of well-trained systems engineers is becoming increasingly more critical. Programs such as the Marshall Systems Engineering Leadership Development Program, as well as those developed at other Centers, help ensure that there is an upcoming generation of trained systems engineers and systems engineering leaders to meet future design challenges.

Hall, Philip; Whitfield, Susan

2011-01-01

284

Graduate School of Creative Science and Engineering Department of Industrial and Management Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Graduate School of Creative Science and Engineering Department of Industrial and Management and Engineering Department of Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Research Instruction Application; Graduate School of Creative Science and Engineering Department of Industrial and Management Systems

Kaji, Hajime

285

Suggested criteria for evaluating systems engineering methodologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Systems engineering is the application of mathematical and scientific principles to practical ends in the life-cycle of a system. A methodology for systems engineering is a carefully developed, relatively complex procedure or process for applying these mathematical and scientific principles. There are many systems engineering methodologies (or possibly many versions of a few methodologies) currently in use in government and industry. These methodologies are usually designed to meet the needs of a particular organization. It has been observed, however, that many technical and non-technical problems arise when inadequate systems engineering methodologies are applied by organizations to their systems development projects. Various criteria for evaluating systems engineering methodologies are discussed. Such criteria are developed to assist methodology-users in identifying and selecting methodologies that best fit the needs of the organization.

Gates, Audrey; Paul, Arthur S.; Gill, Tepper L.

1989-01-01

286

Coal gasification systems engineering and analysis. Appendix D: Cost and economic studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The detailed cost estimate documentation for the designs prepared in this study are presented. The include: (1) Koppers-Totzek, (2) Texaco (3) Babcock and Wilcox, (4) BGC-Lurgi, and (5) Lurgi. The alternate product cost estimates include: (1) Koppers-Totzek and Texaco single product facilities (methane, methanol, gasoline, hydrogen), (2) Kopers-Totzek SNG and MBG, (3) Kopers-Totzek and Texaco SNG and MBG, and (4) Lurgi-methane and Lurgi-methane and methanol.

1980-01-01

287

ATK Launch Systems Engineering NASA Programs Engineering Examples  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation provides an overview of the work done at ATK Launch Systems with and indication of how engineering knowledge can be applied to several real world problems. All material in the presentation has been screened to meet ITAR restrictions. The information provided is a compilation of general engineering knowledge and material available in the public domain. The presentation provides an overview of ATK Launch Systems and NASA programs. Some discussion is provided about the types of engineering conducted at the Promontory plant with added detail about RSRM nozzle engineering. Some brief examples of examples of nozzle technical issues with regard to adhesives and phenolics are shared. These technical issue discussions are based on material available in the public domain.

Richardson, David

2007-01-01

288

Integrated coal gasification combined cycle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Features of the integrated coal gasification combined cycle power plants are described against the backdrop of the development and first commercial application of the shell coal gasification process. Focus is on the efficiency and excellent environmental performance of the integrated coal gasification combined power plants. Current IGCC projects are given together with an outline of some of the options for integrating coal gasification with combined cycles and also other applications of synthesis gas.

Richards, P. C.; Wijffels, J.-B.; Zuideveld, P. L.

289

An equilibrium model for biomass gasification processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy conversion systems based on biomass utilisation are particularly interesting because of their contribution to the limitation of global CO2 emissions; within the possible methods for energy-based biomass utilisation, thermal gasification appears as the most mature technology. In the first design stage, the designer of these systems, or the user looking for performance predictions under different operating conditions, has advantages

M. Ruggiero; G. Manfrida

1999-01-01

290

Biothermal gasification of biomass  

SciTech Connect

The BIOTHERMGAS Process is described for conversion of biomass, organic residues, and peat to substitute natural gas (SNG). This new process, under development at IGT, combines biological and thermal processes for total conversion of a broad variety of organic feeds (regardless of water or nutrient content). The process employs thermal gasification for conversion of refractory digester residues. Ammonia and other inorganic nutrients are recycled from the thermal process effluent to the bioconversion unit. Biomethanation and catalytic methanation are presented as alternative processes for methanation of thermal conversion product gases. Waste heat from the thermal component is used to supply the digester heat requirements of the bioconversion component. The results of a preliminary systems analysis of three possible applications of this process are presented: (1) 10,000 ton/day Bermuda grass plant with catalytic methanation; (2) 10,000 ton/day Bermuda grass plant with biomethanation; and (3) 1000 ton/day municipal solid waste (MSW) sewage sludge plant with biomethanation. The results indicate that for these examples, performance is superior to that expected for biological or thermal processes used separately. The results of laboratory studies presented suggest that effective conversion of thermal product gases can be accomplished by biomethanation.

Chynoweth, D.P.; Srivastava, V.J.; Henry, M.P.; Tarman, P.B.

1980-01-01

291

CAESY - COMPUTER AIDED ENGINEERING SYSTEM  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many developers of software and algorithms for control system design have recognized that current tools have limits in both flexibility and efficiency. Many forces drive the development of new tools including the desire to make complex system modeling design and analysis easier and the need for quicker turnaround time in analysis and design. Other considerations include the desire to make use of advanced computer architectures to help in control system design, adopt new methodologies in control, and integrate design processes (e.g., structure, control, optics). CAESY was developed to provide a means to evaluate methods for dealing with user needs in computer-aided control system design. It is an interpreter for performing engineering calculations and incorporates features of both Ada and MATLAB. It is designed to be reasonably flexible and powerful. CAESY includes internally defined functions and procedures, as well as user defined ones. Support for matrix calculations is provided in the same manner as MATLAB. However, the development of CAESY is a research project, and while it provides some features which are not found in commercially sold tools, it does not exhibit the robustness that many commercially developed tools provide. CAESY is written in C-language for use on Sun4 series computers running SunOS 4.1.1 and later. The program is designed to optionally use the LAPACK math library. The LAPACK math routines are available through anonymous ftp from research.att.com. CAESY requires 4Mb of RAM for execution. The standard distribution medium is a .25 inch streaming magnetic tape cartridge (QIC-24) in UNIX tar format. CAESY was developed in 1993 and is a copyrighted work with all copyright vested in NASA.

Wette, M. R.

1994-01-01

292

40 CFR 91.307 - Engine cooling system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Engine cooling system. 91.307 Section...CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Emission Test Equipment Provisions § 91.307 Engine cooling system. An engine...

2012-07-01

293

40 CFR 91.307 - Engine cooling system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Engine cooling system. 91.307 Section...CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Emission Test Equipment Provisions § 91.307 Engine cooling system. An engine...

2011-07-01

294

40 CFR 91.307 - Engine cooling system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Engine cooling system. 91.307 Section...CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Emission Test Equipment Provisions § 91.307 Engine cooling system. An engine...

2014-07-01

295

40 CFR 91.307 - Engine cooling system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Engine cooling system. 91.307 Section...CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Emission Test Equipment Provisions § 91.307 Engine cooling system. An engine...

2013-07-01

296

40 CFR 91.307 - Engine cooling system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Engine cooling system. 91.307 Section...CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Emission Test Equipment Provisions § 91.307 Engine cooling system. An engine...

2010-07-01

297

Environmental Systems Track within Civil Engineering Course Recommendations  

E-print Network

Environmental Systems Track within Civil Engineering Course Recommendations your elective courses within one area of civil engineering, in order: CEE 4200 Hydraulic Engineering CEE 4300 Environmental Engineering Systems CEE

Wang, Yuhang

298

Prerequisites: Control Systems I+II, Engine Class (IC Engines and Propulsion Systems, Introduction to  

E-print Network

to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems,...), Matlab/Simulink experience Contact for a Novel Engine Concept Position Control for an Internal Combustion Engine (Simulation) Description an internal combustion engine piston follow a reference position trajectory with sufficient accuracy

Daraio, Chiara

299

Improving systems engineering execution and knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to refocus programs back to the basic objectives of systems engineering execution and capturing key domain knowledge during the time when organizations are adopting new processes, procedures or technology. While change is necessary, the discipline of the systems engineering and development process (requirements, design, implementation, test, delivery, product feedback and sustainment) can be adversely

S. Head; B. Virostko

2008-01-01

300

Systems engineering execution and knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this is to refocus programs back to the basic objectives of systems engineering execution and capturing key domain knowledge during the time when organizations are adopting new processes, procedures, or technology. While change is necessary, the discipline of the systems engineering and development process (requirements, design, implementation, test, delivery, product feedback, and sustainment) can be adversely impacted

Steve Head; Bill Virostko

2009-01-01

301

An EHF telecommunication system engineering model  

Microsoft Academic Search

An extremely high frequency telecommunication system engineering model (ETSEM) was developed as an aid in the design of line-of-sight (LOS) communication systems from 10 to 100 GHz. ETSEM provides tabulation of path geometry parameters and analyzes ray path and Fresnel zone clearances to help the engineer design the path. ETSEM also predicts the performance (availability) of both digital and analog

Kenneth C. Allen

1987-01-01

302

Engineering aspects of water pollution control systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of proper engineering when providing pollution control systems is emphasized. Organization of engineering projects is described in detail. Included are discussions of: (1) collection and evaluation of available data; (2) establishment of survey and test program; (3) integration and evaluation of findings; (4) establishment of pollution control and water utilization systems; and (5) specification and detailed design preparation.

R. G. Dalbke; A. J. Turk

1967-01-01

303

Heriot-Watt Micro Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Heriot-Watt Micro Systems Engineering Centre - MISEC KEY BENEFITS: · Clean room facilities services in design, packaging and operation of microsystems. ABOUT OPPORTUNITY The Micro Systems Engineering Centre (MISEC) at Heriot-Watt University is a multi-disciplinary research team combining a range

Painter, Kevin

304

Measuring Systems Engineering Success: Insights from Baseball  

E-print Network

Optimizing the efficiency of socio-technical systems and determining accurate measurements of performance is a critical issue in many systems engineering enterprises. In our analysis we explore some of the recurring themes ...

Blackburn, Craig

2008-06-15

305

Measuring Systems Engineering Success: Insights from Baseball  

E-print Network

Optimizing the efficiency of socio-technical systems and determining accurate measurements of performance is a critical issue in many systems engineering enterprises. In our analysis we explore some of the recurring themes ...

Blackburn, Craig

2008-01-01

306

THE CONSTRUCTIVE SYSTEMS ENGINEERING COST MODEL (COSYSMO) Ricardo Valerdi  

E-print Network

THE CONSTRUCTIVE SYSTEMS ENGINEERING COST MODEL (COSYSMO) by Ricardo Valerdi A Dissertation of the Requirements for the Degree DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (INDUSTRIAL AND SYSTEMS ENGINEERING) August 2005 Copyright Council on Systems Engineering (Corporate Advisory Board, Measurement Working Group, and Systems

de Weck, Olivier L.

307

Production of Hydrogen from Underground Coal Gasification  

DOEpatents

A system of obtaining hydrogen from a coal seam by providing a production well that extends into the coal seam; positioning a conduit in the production well leaving an annulus between the conduit and the coal gasification production well, the conduit having a wall; closing the annulus at the lower end to seal it from the coal gasification cavity and the syngas; providing at least a portion of the wall with a bifunctional membrane that serves the dual purpose of providing a catalyzing reaction and selectively allowing hydrogen to pass through the wall and into the annulus; and producing the hydrogen through the annulus.

Upadhye, Ravindra S. (Pleasanton, CA)

2008-10-07

308

The acoustics of racing engine intake systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Naturally aspirated racing engines have tuned intake systems and can now achieve volumetric efficiencies in excess of 125% and peak engine speeds in excess of 18,000 rev/min. Engines designed for single seater racing commonly dispense with the intake manifold and its convoluted and restricting flow path preferring single lengths of pipe feeding each cylinder separately. An investigation into the intake process on a single cylinder racing engine has shown that inertial ram effects make a strong contribution to the intake process at high engine speeds whereas acoustic resonance effects are more important to the rather weak wave action that occurs at low engine speeds. An acoustic model of the resonant wave action has proved useful in distinguishing between these two effects. The attributes of the acoustic model have been compared to those of more traditional time-marching gas-dynamics calculation methods. A decoupled hybrid method has been shown to yield calculations of the wave dynamics in the intake system of a single cylinder racing engine that show fair agreement with measured results up to the 10th harmonic of the engine cycle frequency. In a case study, the intake characteristics of a single cylinder racing engine have been shown to differ only slightly from those expected from the V10 engine on which it is based, although this will only be the case when the dimensions of the intake system are chosen appropriately.

Harrison, M. F.; Dunkley, A.

2004-04-01

309

Computer simulation of engine systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of computerized simulations of the steady state and transient performance of jet engines throughout the flight regime is discussed. In addition, installation effects on thrust and specific fuel consumption is accounted for as well as engine weight, dimensions and cost. The availability throughout the government and industry of analytical methods for calculating these quantities are pointed out.

Fishbach, L. H.

1980-01-01

310

Dynamic systems-engineering process - The application of concurrent engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A system engineering methodology is described which enables users, particulary NASA and DOD, to accommodate changing needs; incorporate emerging technologies; identify, quantify, and manage system risks; manage evolving functional requirements; track the changing environment; and reduce system life-cycle costs. The approach is a concurrent, dynamic one which starts by constructing a performance model defining the required system functions and the interrelationships. A detailed probabilistic risk assessment of the system elements and their interrelationships is performed, and quantitative analysis of the reliability and maintainability of an engineering system allows its different technical and process failure modes to be identified and their probabilities to be computed. Decision makers can choose technical solutions that maximize an objective function and minimize the probability of failure under resource constraints.

Wiskerchen, Michael J.; Pittman, R. Bruce

1989-01-01

311

Underground coal gasification. Presentations  

SciTech Connect

The 8 presentations are: underground coal gasification (UCG) and the possibilities for carbon management (J. Friedmann); comparing the economics of UCG with surface gasification technologies (E. Redman); Eskom develops UCG technology project (C. Gross); development and future of UCG in the Asian region (L. Walker); economically developing vast deep Powder River Basin coals with UCG (S. Morzenti); effectively managing UCG environmental issues (E. Burton); demonstrating modelling complexity of environmental risk management; and UCG research at the University of Queensland, Australia (A.Y. Klimenko).

NONE

2007-07-01

312

Modelling and simulation of energy conversion in combined gas-steam power plant integrated with coal gasification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the modelling and simulation of energy conversion in technological systems of combined gas-steam power plants integrated with coal gasification. The energy analysis of technological systems of gas-steam power plants is connected with energy analysis of various technologies of coal gasification. The base of the performed energy analysis are the elaborate mathematical models of coal gasification process, and

B. Zaporowski

1996-01-01

313

The interdisciplinary field of Biomedical Engineering combines elements of engineering (electronics, systems analysis, fluid  

E-print Network

32 The interdisciplinary field of Biomedical Engineering combines elements of engineering ) 101 Introduction to Biomedical Engineering (3, Fa) Historical development and survey of major areas comprising biomedical engineering: theoretical neurobiology and systems physiology, biomedical

Rohs, Remo

314

Tenure-Track Assistant/Associate/Full Professors in Biomedical Engineering Department of Biological Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Tenure-Track Assistant/Associate/Full Professors in Biomedical Engineering Department of Biological rank in the field of Biomedical Engineering. The UNL College related to Biomedical Engineering. The Biological Systems Engineering

Bohnhoff, David

315

Power Systems Development Facility  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, has routinely demonstrated gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This final report summarizes the results of the technology development work conducted at the PSDF through January 31, 2009. Twenty-one major gasification test campaigns were completed, for a total of more than 11,000 hours of gasification operation. This operational experience has led to significant advancements in gasification technologies.

Southern Company Services

2009-01-31

316

Ian Sommerville 2000 Software Engineering, 6th edition. Chapter 2 Slide 1 Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

©Ian Sommerville 2000 Software Engineering, 6th edition. Chapter 2 Slide 1 Systems Engineering l system software is affected by broader system engineering issues l To introduce the concept of emergent be considered in the system design process l To explain system engineering and system procurement processes #12

Scharff, Christelle

317

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES BEng Computer Systems Engineering/BEng  

E-print Network

Engineering/BEng Computer Systems Engineering with Placement Award BEng (Hons) School School of Engineering of partnership Articulation PROGRAMME SUMMARY BEng in Computer Systems Engineering is a three year Bachelor devices design, embedded systems design, IT and systems engineering. This programme provides students

Weyde, Tillman

318

Ignition system for starting a diesel engine  

SciTech Connect

In an auxiliary ignition system for starting a diesel engine having a plurality of plasma spark plugs installed in corresponding combustion chambers facing fuel injection valves, starting time is reduced by applying high ignition energy to the plugs following predetermined time intervals after fuel injection to the corresponding engine cylinders.

Ishikawa, Y.; Eudo, H.; Imai, I.; Sone, M.

1984-05-01

319

Rotary valve system for internal combustion engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a fuel intake and exhaust system for use with a four stroke engine of a type having an engine block formed with at least one piston cavity having an upper opening in the top surface of the block, a piston having an upper surface reciprocating in the cavity toward and away from the upper opening, a crankshaft

1992-01-01

320

Valve operating system for internal combustion engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a valve operating system for an internal combustion engine, comprising an intake rotary valve and an exhaust rotary valve separately disposed in an intake passage and an exhaust passage, respectively, which independently communicate with a combustion chamber defined between a piston and a cylinder head in an internal combustion engine, the valves including spherical valve bodies adapted

M. Matsuura; M. Nakamori; M. Kuroki

1988-01-01

321

46 CFR 126.470 - Marine-engineering systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Marine-engineering systems. 126.470 Section 126...Certification § 126.470 Marine-engineering systems. The inspection procedures for marine-engineering systems contained in subchapter F...

2011-10-01

322

46 CFR 126.470 - Marine-engineering systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Marine-engineering systems. 126.470 Section 126...Certification § 126.470 Marine-engineering systems. The inspection procedures for marine-engineering systems contained in subchapter F...

2010-10-01

323

46 CFR 126.470 - Marine-engineering systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Marine-engineering systems. 126.470 Section 126...Certification § 126.470 Marine-engineering systems. The inspection procedures for marine-engineering systems contained in subchapter F...

2012-10-01

324

46 CFR 126.470 - Marine-engineering systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Marine-engineering systems. 126.470 Section 126...Certification § 126.470 Marine-engineering systems. The inspection procedures for marine-engineering systems contained in subchapter F...

2013-10-01

325

46 CFR 126.470 - Marine-engineering systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 false Marine-engineering systems. 126.470 Section 126...Certification § 126.470 Marine-engineering systems. The inspection procedures for marine-engineering systems contained in subchapter F...

2014-10-01

326

46 CFR 121.620 - Propulsion engine control systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Propulsion engine control systems. 121.620...Communications Systems § 121.620 Propulsion engine control systems. (a) A...independent means of controlling each propulsion engine. Control must be provided...

2014-10-01

327

46 CFR 184.620 - Propulsion engine control systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Propulsion engine control systems. 184.620...Communications Systems § 184.620 Propulsion engine control systems. (a) A...independent means of controlling each propulsion engine. Control must be...

2013-10-01

328

46 CFR 121.620 - Propulsion engine control systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Propulsion engine control systems. 121.620...Communications Systems § 121.620 Propulsion engine control systems. (a) A...independent means of controlling each propulsion engine. Control must be provided...

2013-10-01

329

Products of wood gasification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing problem of pollution from wood-burning stoves has prompted this examination of the basic gasification process of wood under conditions encompassing those in stoves. Other variables were sample grain orientation, thickness, exposure time, and moisture content. Sample weight was followed in some tests; sample temperature (5 thermocouples) was followed in others. In all tests, all evolved products were either

T. J. Ohlemiller; T. Kashiwagi; K. Werner

1985-01-01

330

Catalytic coal gasification process  

Microsoft Academic Search

A carbonaceous feed material, a potassium compound having a relatively poor catalytic activity as compared to that of potassium carbonate, and a sodium or lithium salt are introduced into a gasification reactor. The carbonaceous material is then gasified in the presence of the added potassium and sodium or lithium constituents. The added sodium or lithium salt apparently activates the relatively

R. J. Lang; J. K. Pabst

1982-01-01

331

Gasification of black liquor  

DOEpatents

A concentrated aqueous black liquor containing carbonaceous material and alkali metal sulfur compounds is treated in a gasifier vessel containing a relatively shallow molten salt pool at its bottom to form a combustible gas and a sulfide-rich melt. The gasifier vessel, which is preferably pressurized, has a black liquor drying zone at its upper part, a black liquor solids gasification zone located below the drying zone, and a molten salt sulfur reduction zone which comprises the molten salt pool. A first portion of an oxygen-containing gas is introduced into the gas space in the gasification zone immediatley above the molten salt pool. The remainder of the oxygen-containing gas is introduced into the molten salt pool in an amount sufficient to cause gasification of carbonaceous material entering the pool from the gasification zone but not sufficient to create oxidizing conditions in the pool. The total amount of the oxygen-containing gas introduced both above the pool and into the pool constitutes between 25 and 55% of the amount required for complete combustion of the black liquor feed. A combustible gas is withdrawn from an upper portion of the drying zone, and a melt in which the sulfur content is predominantly in the form of alkali metal sulfide is withdrawn from the molten salt sulfur reduction zone.

Kohl, Arthur L. (Woodland Hills, CA)

1987-07-28

332

Gasification of black liquor  

DOEpatents

A concentrated aqueous black liquor containing carbonaceous material and alkali metal sulfur compounds is treated in a gasifier vessel containing a relatively shallow molten salt pool at its bottom to form a combustible gas and a sulfide-rich melt. The gasifier vessel, which is preferably pressurized, has a black liquor drying zone at its upper part, a black liquor solids gasification zone located below the drying zone, and a molten salt sulfur reduction zone which comprises the molten salt pool. A first portion of an oxygen-containing gas is introduced into the gas space in the gasification zone immediately above the molten salt pool. The remainder of the oxygen-containing gas is introduced into the molten salt pool in an amount sufficient to cause gasification of carbonaceous material entering the pool from the gasification zone but not sufficient to create oxidizing conditions in the pool. The total amount of the oxygen-containing gas introduced both above the pool and into the pool constitutes between 25 and 55% of the amount required for complete combustion of the black liquor feed. A combustible gas is withdrawn from an upper portion of the drying zone, and a melt in which the sulfur content is predominantly in the form of alkali metal sulfide is withdrawn from the molten salt sulfur reduction zone. 2 figs.

Kohl, A.L.

1987-07-28

333

Chemistry of coal gasification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coal is a complex solid material containing a mixture of substances that chemically consist mostly of carbon with lesser amounts of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and ash. Gasification is the conversion of solid coal to combustible gases by combining the carbon with additional oxygen and\\/or hydrogen. Although thermal decomposition (pyrolysis) can produce gaseous fuels, they are usually produced by reaction

Vorres

1982-01-01

334

Complex Adaptive Systems of Systems (CASOS) engineering environment.  

SciTech Connect

Complex Adaptive Systems of Systems, or CASoS, are vastly complex physical-socio-technical systems which we must understand to design a secure future for the nation. The Phoenix initiative implements CASoS Engineering principles combining the bottom up Complex Systems and Complex Adaptive Systems view with the top down Systems Engineering and System-of-Systems view. CASoS Engineering theory and practice must be conducted together to develop a discipline that is grounded in reality, extends our understanding of how CASoS behave and allows us to better control the outcomes. The pull of applications (real world problems) is critical to this effort, as is the articulation of a CASoS Engineering Framework that grounds an engineering approach in the theory of complex adaptive systems of systems. Successful application of the CASoS Engineering Framework requires modeling, simulation and analysis (MS and A) capabilities and the cultivation of a CASoS Engineering Community of Practice through knowledge sharing and facilitation. The CASoS Engineering Environment, itself a complex adaptive system of systems, constitutes the two platforms that provide these capabilities.

Detry, Richard Joseph; Linebarger, John Michael; Finley, Patrick D.; Maffitt, S. Louise; Glass, Robert John, Jr.; Beyeler, Walter Eugene; Ames, Arlo Leroy

2012-02-01

335

Coal gasification: New challenge for the Beaumont rotary feeder  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of rotary feeders in the coal gasification process is described with emphasis on the efficient conversion of coal to clean gaseous fuels. Commercial applications of the rotary feeder system are summarized.

Stelian, J.

1977-01-01

336

Economic Representation of Agricultural Activities in Water Resources Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

i Economic Representation of Agricultural Activities in Water Resources Systems Engineering Representation of Agricultural Activities in Water Resources Systems Engineering Abstract Water demands reflect

Lund, Jay R.

337

Vision 96-Software and Systems Engineering Process Improvement, Montreal, December 1996. 1 Software and Systems Engineering Process  

E-print Network

Vision 96- Software and Systems Engineering Process Improvement, Montreal, December 1996. 1 Software and Systems Engineering Process Improvement at Oerlikon Aerospace Claude Y. Laporte, Nicola R software and systems engineering processes. The initiative started by performing a formal assessment

Laporte, Claude Y.

338

RESEARCH PROFILE Systems Engineering in the Enterprise  

E-print Network

competency particularly in aerospace and defense · Increased interdisciplinary emphasis as world becomes shifting interactions among powerful stakeholders who have competing interests, with no one effectively of Technology 7 Engineering Systems Four Important Perspectives 1. A very broad interdisciplinary perspective

de Weck, Olivier L.

339

Augmented Network Model For Engineering System Design  

E-print Network

research (supply chains), electrical engineering (circuit (controls) theory), and more recently systems the components of a vehicle, the parts (or subsystems) of an airplane or the states of a formation of flying

de Weck, Olivier L.

340

The Petrocarb pneumatic feeding system: A proven method for feeding particulate solids at controlled rates. [for coal gasification systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An outline of the principal features of the Petrocarb Pneumatic Feeding System is given. Early development and various commercial applications are included. It is concluded that the Petrocarb Injection System is capable of feeding dry solids into most of the processes being developed for utilizing coal.

Reintjes, H.

1977-01-01

341

Tank waste remediation system systems engineering management plan  

SciTech Connect

This Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) describes the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) implementation of the US Department of Energy (DOE) systems engineering policy provided in 97-IMSD-193. The SEMP defines the products, process, organization, and procedures used by the TWRS Project to implement the policy. The SEMP will be used as the basis for tailoring the systems engineering applications to the development of the physical systems and processes necessary to achieve the desired end states of the program. It is a living document that will be revised as necessary to reflect changes in systems engineering guidance as the program evolves. The US Department of Energy-Headquarters has issued program management guidance, DOE Order 430. 1, Life Cycle Asset Management, and associated Good Practice Guides that include substantial systems engineering guidance.

Peck, L.G.

1998-01-08

342

A case for service systems engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case is made for further developing a branch of systems engineering that focuses on problems and issues which arise in the\\u000a service sector. We promulgate this special focus not only because of the size and importance of the service sector but also\\u000a because of the unique opportunities that systems engineering can exploit in the design and joint production and

James M. Tien; Daniel Berg

2003-01-01

343

NEEDS: The National Engineering Education Delivery System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NEEDS: The National Engineering Education Delivery System is a digital library of learning resources for engineering education. NEEDS provides web-based access to a database of learning resources where the user (whether they be learners or instructors) can search for, locate, download, and comment on resources to aid their learning or teaching process. In addition NEEDS supports a multi-tier evaluation system from our national award competition with sponsors from industry to user-based reviews of individual learning resources.

344

System engineering toolbox for design-oriented engineers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This system engineering toolbox is designed to provide tools and methodologies to the design-oriented systems engineer. A tool is defined as a set of procedures to accomplish a specific function. A methodology is defined as a collection of tools, rules, and postulates to accomplish a purpose. For each concept addressed in the toolbox, the following information is provided: (1) description, (2) application, (3) procedures, (4) examples, if practical, (5) advantages, (6) limitations, and (7) bibliography and/or references. The scope of the document includes concept development tools, system safety and reliability tools, design-related analytical tools, graphical data interpretation tools, a brief description of common statistical tools and methodologies, so-called total quality management tools, and trend analysis tools. Both relationship to project phase and primary functional usage of the tools are also delineated. The toolbox also includes a case study for illustrative purposes. Fifty-five tools are delineated in the text.

Goldberg, B. E.; Everhart, K.; Stevens, R.; Babbitt, N., III; Clemens, P.; Stout, L.

1994-01-01

345

Engines-only flight control system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A backup flight control system for controlling the flightpath of a multi-engine airplane using the main drive engines is introduced. The backup flight control system comprises an input device for generating a control command indicative of a desired flightpath, a feedback sensor for generating a feedback signal indicative of at least one of pitch rate, pitch attitude, roll rate and roll attitude, and a control device for changing the output power of at least one of the main drive engines on each side of the airplane in response to the control command and the feedback signal.

Burcham, Frank W. (inventor); Gilyard, Glenn B (inventor); Conley, Joseph L. (inventor); Stewart, James F. (inventor); Fullerton, Charles G. (inventor)

1994-01-01

346

A systems engineering primer for every engineer and scientist  

SciTech Connect

The Systems Engineering (SE) staff at LBNL has generated the following artifacts to assist projects with implementing a systems approach: (1) The present document that focuses on the what, why, and when of SE. It also provides a simple case-study to illustrate several SE tasks. (2) A web site with primary emphasis on the project life-cycle and workflow, (http://www-eng.LBNL.gov/Systems/index.html). It includes: SE guidelines and principles; A list of in-house tools; Templates; Case studies with ''how to'' examples; and Links to useful SE material. These sources are living documents to be updated as necessary. The viewpoint adopted in this document is that what LBNL engineers and scientists need is a set of principles and guiding practices for developing R and D systems rather than a ''cookbook''. There are many excellent ''how to'' resources such as the ''INCOSE Systems Engineering Handbook'' to guide those in search of more details. The SE staff is another resource available to consult and support projects. This document specifies SE principles and activities that are applicable to all LBNL projects independent of their specific differences. Each project should tailor the SE implementation to meet its individual needs and culture including project-specific resources, procedures, products, and tools.

Edwards, William R.

2001-12-10

347

Prerequisites: Control Systems I+II, Engine Class (IC Engines and Propulsion Systems, Introduction to  

E-print Network

to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems,...), Model Predictive Control, Matlab Iterative Learning Control for Internal Combustion Engines Modeling and Control Description: In classical. The objective of this work is to apply learning algorithms to highly dynamic internal combustion engines

Daraio, Chiara

348

Joseph and Rosemary Bittorf Industrial and Systems Engineering Scholarship  

E-print Network

Joseph and Rosemary Bittorf Industrial and Systems Engineering Scholarship The purpose of the Fund be a declared major in Industrial and Systems Engineering. Candidates must be in good standing in Industrial and Systems Engineering in the College of Engineering and Engineering Technology for the academic

Kostic, Milivoje M.

349

EE 337 Engineering nano-systems EE 337 Engineering micro and nano-systems  

E-print Network

EE 337 Engineering nano-systems Page 1 EE 337 Engineering micro and nano-systems A.F.J. Levi Spring.edu/dept/engineering/eleceng/Adv_Network_Tech/Html/ee337.html This course is designed as an introduction to nano-technology, methods to control and exploit the new degrees of freedom delivered by nano-science, and the integration of nano-technology into systems

Levi, Anthony F. J.

350

Stirling cycle engine and refrigeration systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Stirling cycle heat engine is disclosed in which displacer motion is controlled as a function of the working fluid pressure P sub 1 and a substantially constant pressure P sub 0. The heat engine includes an auxiliary chamber at the constant pressure P sub 0. An end surface of a displacer piston is disposed in the auxiliary chamber. During the compression portion of the engine cycle when P sub 1 rises above P sub 0 the displacer forces the working fluid to pass from the cold chamber to the hot chamber of the engine. During the expansion portion of the engine cycle the heated working fluid in the hot chamber does work by pushing down on the engine's drive piston. As the working fluid pressure P sub 1 drops below P sub 0 the displacer forces most of the working fluid in the hot chamber to pass through the regenerator to the cold chamber. The engine is easily combinable with a refrigeration section to provide a refrigeration system in which the engine's single drive piston serves both the engine and the refrigeration section.

Higa, W. H. (inventor)

1976-01-01

351

Simultaneous high-temperature removal of alkali and particulates in a pressurized gasification system. Final technical progress report, April 1981-July 1983  

SciTech Connect

This program is directed at performing experimental and analytical investigations, deriving system designs, and estimating costs to ascertain the feasibility of using aluminosilicate-based getters for controlling alkali in pressurized gasification systems. Its overall objective is to develop a plan for evaluating a scaled-up version of the gettering process as a unit operation or as an integral part of a particulate removal device. This report describes work completed on the four technical program tasks: Thermodynamic projections; Getter Selection and Qualification; System Performance Projections; and Program Definition for Concept Scale-up during the 27-month contract performance period. Work completed on the thermodynamic projections includes a data base update, development of alkali phase diagrams, and system performance projections. Getter selection and qualification efforts involved over 70 kinetic studies in which a leading candidate getter - emathlite - was selected and characterized. System performance projections identified a packed-bed configuration containing relatively large getter pellets as the preferred contacting device for a full-scale unit. For emathlite, we concluded that full-scale unit bed heights of 2 m or less would be required if we assume annual replacement on the basis of bed saturation capacity. Concept scale-up work involved defining the hardware and test program requirements for further development of the emathlite packed-bed system. 56 references, 80 figures, 74 tables.

Mulik, P.R.; Alvin, M.A.; Bachovchin, D.M.

1983-09-01

352

Engineering an Immune System1 Stephanie Forrest  

E-print Network

Engineering an Immune System1 Stephanie Forrest Dept. of Computer Science, University of New Mexico February 11, 2001 #12;1 1. Introduction The immune system is highly complex, and many researchers believe, simply ones that work well enough to increase survivability. We know that many simpler immune systems

Forrest, Stephanie

353

Turbopump systems for liquid rocket engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The turbopump system, from preliminary design through rocket engine testing is examined. Selection of proper system type for each application and integration of the components into a working system are dealt with. Details are also given on the design of various components including inducers, pumps, turbines, gears, and bearings.

1974-01-01

354

EE 238 Engineering nano-systems EE 238 Engineering nano-systems  

E-print Network

EE 238 Engineering nano-systems Page 1 EE 238 Engineering nano-systems A.F.J. Levi Spring 2009, OHE This course is designed as an introduction to nano-technology, methods to control and exploit the new degrees of freedom delivered by nano-science, and the integration of nano-technology into systems. It is a hands

Levi, Anthony F. J.

355

EE 337 Engineering micro and nano-systems EE 337 Engineering micro and nano-systems  

E-print Network

EE 337 Engineering micro and nano-systems EE 337 Engineering micro and nano-systems A.F.J. Levi as an introduction to micro and nano-technology, methods to control and exploit the new degrees of freedom delivered by nano-science, and the integration of micro and nano-technology into systems. It is a hands

Levi, Anthony F. J.

356

Engineering management of large scale systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The organization of high technology and engineering problem solving, has given rise to an emerging concept. Reasoning principles for integrating traditional engineering problem solving with system theory, management sciences, behavioral decision theory, and planning and design approaches can be incorporated into a methodological approach to solving problems with a long range perspective. Long range planning has a great potential to improve productivity by using a systematic and organized approach. Thus, efficiency and cost effectiveness are the driving forces in promoting the organization of engineering problems. Aspects of systems engineering that provide an understanding of management of large scale systems are broadly covered here. Due to the focus and application of research, other significant factors (e.g., human behavior, decision making, etc.) are not emphasized but are considered.

Sanders, Serita; Gill, Tepper L.; Paul, Arthur S.

1989-01-01

357

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 11. Gasification of Minnesota peat. [Peat pellets and peat sods  

SciTech Connect

A single-staged, fixed-bed Wellman-Galusha gasifier coupled with a hot, raw gas combustion system and scrubber has been used to gasify numerous coals from throughout the United States. The gasification test program is organized as a coooperative effort by private industrial participants and governmental agencies. The consortium of participants is organized under the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas (MIFGa) Group. This report is the eleventh volume in a series of reports describing the atmospheric pressure, fixed-bed gasification of US coals. This specific report describes the gasification of peat pellets and peat sods during 3 different test periods. 2 refs., 20 figs., 13 tabs.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Pooler, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittelson, D.

1985-05-01

358

Fluidized bed gasification of agricultural residue  

E-print Network

and complete ash removal by entrainment. The most prominent difficulty encountered during operation was the performance of the solid feed system. Solid feed was augered to a junction where an air stream transported the solid reactants into the reactor... and Kinetics Development of Gasification Systems Fixed Bed Gasifiers Fluidized Bed Gasifiers Fluidization 6 7 12 12 13 16 III DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERIMENTAL SYSTEM . . . 20 IV Feed Preparation and Analysis Experimental Apparatus Experimental Method...

Groves, John David

1979-01-01

359

The Art of War : system of systems engineering perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the ancient, 2,500 years old The Art of War by Sun Tzu from a system of systems engineering perspectives. The aim is to show that even for an emerging discipline in engineering the underlying concepts may be much more deeply rooted. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The author approaches the subject by an

Check Teck Foo

2008-01-01

360

Gasoline engine EMI suppression system  

SciTech Connect

A spark ignition engine device adapted for use with an internal combustion engine driving an accessory such as a pump in an EMI radiation sensitive environment and mounted in a mounting structure is described comprising: an engine having a magneto flywheel supported for generating an ignition current; first wire means for transmitting ignition current from the magneto flywheel including wires carrying the ignition current and radiated EMI from the magneto and a first conductive shield means covering the wires; a control box positioned on and grounded to the mounting structure; connector means for introducing the first wire means into the control box, including means grounding the first conductive shield to the box to complete transfer of the EMI from the shield to the ground; power pack means mounted in and grounded to the box to control the ignition current and inherently generating additional EMI inside the box; second wire means including wires connected to transmit ignition current from the individual capacitor means to the power pack means whereby the capacitors prevent re-radiation of the EMI generated by the power pack means back to the outside of the box; ignition coil means mounted in and grounded to the box for generating high tension ignition current and inherently generating additional EMI; third wire means including wires connected to transmit ignition current from the power pack means to the input of the ignition coil means, the wires inherently radiating additional EMI.

Eberhardt, H.A.; Broitman, K.; Evangelista, R.; Teske, R.E.; Sulmone, M.

1987-09-08

361

Intelligent Engine Systems: Adaptive Control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We have studied the application of the baseline Model Predictive Control (MPC) algorithm to the control of main fuel flow rate (WF36), variable bleed valve (AE24) and variable stator vane (STP25) control of a simulated high-bypass turbofan engine. Using reference trajectories for thrust and turbine inlet temperature (T41) generated by a simulated new engine, we have examined MPC for tracking these two reference outputs while controlling a deteriorated engine. We have examined the results of MPC control for six different transients: two idle-to-takeoff transients at sea level static (SLS) conditions, one takeoff-to-idle transient at SLS, a Bode power command and reverse Bode power command at 20,000 ft/Mach 0.5, and a reverse Bode transient at 35,000 ft/Mach 0.84. For all cases, our primary focus was on the computational effort required by MPC for varying MPC update rates, control horizons, and prediction horizons. We have also considered the effects of these MPC parameters on the performance of the control, with special emphasis on the thrust tracking error, the peak T41, and the sizes of violations of the constraints on the problem, primarily the booster stall margin limit, which for most cases is the lone constraint that is violated with any frequency.

Gibson, Nathan

2008-01-01

362

Single-stage fluidized-bed gasification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The single-stage fluidized-bed gasification process, in addition to being a simple system, maximizes gas production and allows the economic exploitation of small peat deposits. The objective of this gasification project is to conduct experiments in order to obtain data for designing a single-stage fluidized-bed gasifier, and to evaluate the economics of converting peat to synthesis gas and to SNG by this process. An existing high-temperature and high-pressure process development unit (PDU) was modified to permit the direct feeding of peat to the fluidized bed. Peat flows by gravity from the feed hopper through a 6-inch line to the screw-feeder conveyor. From there, it is fed to the bottom tee section of the reactor and transported into the gasification zone. Oxygen and steam are fed through a distributing ring into the reactor. Gasification reactions occur in the annulus formed by the reactor tube and a central standpipe. Peat ash is discharged from the reactor by overflowing into the standpipe and is collected in a solids receiver.

Lau, F. S.; Rue, D. M.; Weil, S. A.; Punwani, D. V.

1982-04-01

363

Reusable Rocket Engine Turbopump Health Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A health monitoring expert system software architecture has been developed to support condition-based health monitoring of rocket engines. Its first application is in the diagnosis decisions relating to the health of the high pressure oxidizer turbopump (HPOTP) of Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME). The post test diagnostic system runs off-line, using as input the data recorded from hundreds of sensors, each running typically at rates of 25, 50, or .1 Hz. The system is invoked after a test has been completed, and produces an analysis and an organized graphical presentation of the data with important effects highlighted. The overall expert system architecture has been developed and documented so that expert modules analyzing other line replaceable units may easily be added. The architecture emphasizes modularity, reusability, and open system interfaces so that it may be used to analyze other engines as well.

Surko, Pamela

1994-01-01

364

Reusable rocket engine turbopump health management system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A health monitoring expert system software architecture has been developed to support condition-based health monitoring of rocket engines. Its first application is in the diagnosis decisions relating to the health of the high pressure oxidizer turbopump (HPOTP) of Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME). The post test diagnostic system runs off-line, using as input the data recorded from hundreds of sensors, each running typically at rates of 25, 50, or .1 Hz. The system is invoked after a test has been completed, and produces an analysis and an organized graphical presentation of the data with important effects highlighted. The overall expert system architecture has been developed and documented so that expert modules analyzing other line replaceable units may easily be added. The architecture emphasizes modularity, reusability, and open system interfaces so that it may be used to analyze other engines as well.

Surko, Pamela

1994-10-01

365

CATALYTIC GASIFICATION OF COAL USING EUTECTIC SALT MIXTURES  

SciTech Connect

The Gas Research Institute (GRI) estimates that by the year 2010, 40% or more of U.S. gas supply will be provided by supplements including substitute natural gas (SNG) from coal. These supplements must be cost competitive with other energy sources. The first generation technologies for coal gasification e.g. the Lurgi Pressure Gasification Process and the relatively newer technologies e.g. the KBW (Westinghouse) Ash Agglomerating Fluidized-Bed, U-Gas Ash Agglomerating Fluidized-Bed, British Gas Corporation/Lurgi Slagging Gasifier, Texaco Moving-Bed Gasifier, and Dow and Shell Gasification Processes, have several disadvantages. These disadvantages include high severities of gasification conditions, low methane production, high oxygen consumption, inability to handle caking coals, and unattractive economics. Another problem encountered in catalytic coal gasification is deactivation of hydroxide forms of alkali and alkaline earth metal catalysts by oxides of carbon (CO{sub x}). To seek solutions to these problems, a team consisting of Clark Atlanta University (CAU, a Historically Black College and University, HBCU), the University of Tennessee Space Institute (UTSI) and Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) proposed to identify suitable low melting eutectic salt mixtures for improved coal gasification. The research objectives of this project were to: Identify appropriate eutectic salt mixture catalysts for coal gasification; Assess agglomeration tendency of catalyzed coal; Evaluate various catalyst impregnation techniques to improve initial catalyst dispersion; Determine catalyst dispersion at high carbon conversion levels; Evaluate effects of major process variables (such as temperature, system pressure, etc.) on coal gasification; Evaluate the recovery, regeneration and recycle of the spent catalysts; and Conduct an analysis and modeling of the gasification process to provide better understanding of the fundamental mechanisms and kinetics of the process.

Dr. Yaw D. Yeboah; Dr. Yong Xu; Dr. Atul Sheth; Dr. Pradeep Agrawal

2001-12-01

366

System expansion analysis: a comparison of conventional coal and British Gas Corporation/Lurgi Gasification-Combined-Cycle Power plants. Final report  

SciTech Connect

It is common practice to compare costs of electricity from alternative power plants using ''bus bar costing methodology.'' (The levelized bus bar revenue requirements of a single unit are calculated by multiplying plant investment by a levelized fixed charge rate, adding levelized fuel, operating, and maintenance costs, then dividing the total by annual production at an arbitrarily selected annual capacity factor.) This approach does not consider different plant performance characteristics, such as relative capacities, realistic relative unit capacity factors, reliability, unit capacity changes with ambient temperature, performance and characteristics of other system generation additions, or system load shape characteristics and changes. The purpose of this study was to perform thirty-year generation system assessments on the EPRI West Central Regional System from 1991 to 2020. These system assessments consisted of determining optimal generation expansion plans and associated system costs for conventional coal and for coal gasification/combined cycle (GCC) plants using the British Gas Corporation/Lurgi slagging gasifier. System production costs were calculated using economic system dispatch procedures for each of the thirty years. Annual energy production and capacity factors were calculated for the conventional coal and GCC additions, as well as the rest of the system generating units. These total system results over the thirty-year period are then used to determine system cost savings per unit of GCC electricity production which are compared with the results obtained from a conventional bus bar costing analysis. The results show a significantly better mills per kWh advantage for the GCC units compared to conventional coal units than indicated by a conventional bus bar costing assessment. Thus, it is essential to perform a system expansion analysis to properly evaluate the merits of alternative generation technologies.

Zaininger, H.W.

1986-07-01

367

Symposium of the International Council on Systems Engineering, Vacouver, July 1998. 1 The Application of a Systems Engineering Process  

E-print Network

Symposium of the International Council on Systems Engineering, Vacouver, July 1998. 1 The Application of a Systems Engineering Process to the Re-Engineering of an Air Defense System Claude Y. Laporte and implemented software and systems engineering processes. In this paper, we briefly describe the systems

Laporte, Claude Y.

368

Market Assessment of Biomass Gasification and Combustion Technology for Small- and Medium-Scale Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a market assessment of gasification and direct combustion technologies that use wood and agricultural resources to generate heat, power, or combined heat and power (CHP) for small- to medium-scale applications. It contains a brief overview of wood and agricultural resources in the U.S.; a description and discussion of gasification and combustion conversion technologies that utilize solid biomass to generate heat, power, and CHP; an assessment of the commercial status of gasification and combustion technologies; a summary of gasification and combustion system economics; a discussion of the market potential for small- to medium-scale gasification and combustion systems; and an inventory of direct combustion system suppliers and gasification technology companies. The report indicates that while direct combustion and close-coupled gasification boiler systems used to generate heat, power, or CHP are commercially available from a number of manufacturers, two-stage gasification systems are largely in development, with a number of technologies currently in demonstration. The report also cites the need for a searchable, comprehensive database of operating combustion and gasification systems that generate heat, power, or CHP built in the U.S., as well as a national assessment of the market potential for the systems.

Peterson, D.; Haase, S.

2009-07-01

369

Biomass Gasification Combined Cycle  

SciTech Connect

Gasification combined cycle continues to represent an important defining technology area for the forest products industry. The ''Forest Products Gasification Initiative'', organized under the Industry's Agenda 2020 technology vision and supported by the DOE ''Industries of the Future'' program, is well positioned to guide these technologies to commercial success within a five-to ten-year timeframe given supportive federal budgets and public policy. Commercial success will result in significant environmental and renewable energy goals that are shared by the Industry and the Nation. The Battelle/FERCO LIVG technology, which is the technology of choice for the application reported here, remains of high interest due to characteristics that make it well suited for integration with the infrastructure of a pulp production facility. The capital cost, operating economics and long-term demonstration of this technology area key input to future economically sustainable projects and must be verified by the 200 BDT/day demonstration facility currently operating in Burlington, Vermont. The New Bern application that was the initial objective of this project is not currently economically viable and will not be implemented at this time due to several changes at and around the mill which have occurred since the inception of the project in 1995. The analysis shows that for this technology, and likely other gasification technologies as well, the first few installations will require unique circumstances, or supportive public policies, or both to attract host sites and investors.

Judith A. Kieffer

2000-07-01

370

EE 337 Engineering micro and nano-systems EE 337 Engineering micro and nano-systems  

E-print Network

EE 337 Engineering micro and nano-systems Page 1 EE 337 Engineering micro and nano-systems A.edu/dept/engineering/eleceng/Adv_Network_Tech/Html/ee337.html This course is designed as an introduction to micro and nano-technology, methods to control and exploit the new degrees of freedom delivered by nano-science, and the integration of micro and nano

Levi, Anthony F. J.

371

Coal to electricity - Integrated gasification combined cycle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An advanced energy conversion system - the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) - has been identified as an efficient and economical means of converting coal to electricity for utility application. Several demonstration projects on a near-commercial scale are approaching the construction stage. A coal conversion facility has been constructed to simulate the operational features of an IGCC. This process evaluation facility (PEF-scale) performs a dual function: (1) acquiring and processing data on the performance of the individual components - coal gasifier, gas clean up, and turbine simulator - that comprise the IGCC concept and (2) simulating the total system in an operational control mode that permits evaluation of system response to imposed load variations characteristic of utility operation. The results to date indicate that an efficient, economical IGCC can be designed so that the gasification/gas clean up plant and the power generation system operate compatibly to meet utility requirements in an environmentally acceptable manner.

Corman, J. C.

1982-04-01

372

Online IR system evaluation: online databases versus Web search engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated two different types of online information retrieval (IR) systems: online databases and Web search engines, in terms of user generated criteria. It also compares four types of Web search engines: directories, search engines, meta-search engines, and specialized search engines. The results show that three elements are essential to users in the evaluation of online IR systems: interface

2004-01-01

373

Helping System Engineers Bridge the Peaks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In our experience at NASA, system engineers generally follow the Twin Peaks approach when developing safety-critical systems. However, iterations between the peaks require considerable manual, and in some cases duplicate, effort. A significant part of the manual effort stems from the fact that requirements are written in English natural language rather than a formal notation. In this work, we propose an approach that enables system engineers to leverage formal requirements and automated test generation to streamline iterations, effectively "bridging the peaks". The key to the approach is a formal language notation that a) system engineers are comfortable with, b) is supported by a family of automated V&V tools, and c) is semantically rich enough to describe the requirements of interest. We believe the combination of formalizing requirements and providing tool support to automate the iterations will lead to a more efficient Twin Peaks implementation at NASA.

Rungta, Neha; Tkachuk, Oksana; Person, Suzette; Biatek, Jason; Whalen, Michael W.; Castle, Joseph; Castle, JosephGundy-Burlet, Karen

2014-01-01

374

Arye Nehorai Chair, Department of Electrical & Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Arye Nehorai Chair, Department of Electrical & Systems Engineering The Eugene and Martha Lohman Curriculum Department of Electrical & Systems Engineering ECEDHA Meeting New Orleans, March 21, 2009 #12 of Electrical & Systems Engineering #12;BSEE Pre-med Curriculum Department of Electrical & Systems Engineering

Nehorai, Arye

375

INCOSE SEANET Systems Engineering & Architecting Doctoral Research Network  

E-print Network

INCOSE SEANET ­ Systems Engineering & Architecting Doctoral Research Network Donna H. Rhodes of the International Council on Systems Engineering1 (INCOSE), aimed at fostering doctoral level research in systems engineering and contributing to the evolving intellectual agenda for systems engineering research. SEANET

de Weck, Olivier L.

376

Specialty Systems Engineering Stay up-to-date in your  

E-print Network

Specialty Systems Engineering Stay up-to-date in your Systems Engineering career. UAHuntsville.Strickland@uah.edu · www.PCS.uah.edu 256.824.6372 · 800.448.4035 Introduction to Model-Based Systems Engineering 14 hours, $895 NEW! Systems Engineering (SE) has always used models; embedding the models in model

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

377

Driving Systems Engineering into Programs Naval Postgraduate School  

E-print Network

Driving Systems Engineering into Programs Naval Postgraduate School May 12, 2005 Mark D. Schaeffer Principal Deputy Director, Defense Systems Director, Systems Engineering Office of the Under Secretary engineering practice back into the way we do business." #12;4 Top Five Systems Engineering Issues* · Lack

378

Conceptual design of a black liquor gasification pilot plant  

SciTech Connect

In July 1985, Champion International completed a study of kraft black liquor gasification and use of the product gases in a combined cycle cogeneration system based on gas turbines. That study indicated that gasification had high potential as an alternative to recovery boiler technology and offered many advantages. This paper describes the design of the plant, the construction of the pilot plant, and finally presents data from operation of the plant.

Kelleher, E. G.

1987-08-01

379

Evaporative cooling system of internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an evaporative cooling system of an internal combustion engine, comprising: means defining in the engine a coolant jacket into which coolant is introduced in liquid state through an inlet port formed in the engine and from which the coolant is discharged in gaseous state through an outlet port formed in the engine; a condenser into which the gaseous coolant from the coolant jacket of the engine is introduced to be liquefied; a lower tank connected to the condenser to collect therein the coolant which has been liquefied by the condenser, the lower tank having a bottom which is submerged in the liquefied coolant; an electric pump by which the liquid coolant in the lower tank near the bottom of the same is pumped into the coolant jacket through the inlet port of the engine; conduit means connecting the outlet port, the condenser, the lower tank, the electric pump and the inlet port thereby to form a coolant circulation circuit; and a capacity variable tank fluidly connected through a conduit to the lower tank to temporarily capture therein air remaining in the coolant circulation circuit during operation of the cooling system, the conduit being connected to an upper portion of the tank. The upper portion is empty of the liquid coolant under normal operation of the cooling system.

Hayashi, Y.

1987-03-10

380

Deep Space Telecommunications Systems Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Descriptive and analytical information useful for the optimal design, specification, and performance evaluation of deep space telecommunications systems is presented. Telemetry, tracking, and command systems, receiver design, spacecraft antennas, frequency selection, interference, and modulation techniques are addressed.

Yuen, J. H. (editor)

1982-01-01

381

Engineering the System and Technical Integration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Approximately 80% of the problems encountered in aerospace systems have been due to a breakdown in technical integration and/or systems engineering. One of the major challenges we face in designing, building, and operating space systems is: how is adequate integration achieved for the systems various functions, parts, and infrastructure? This Contractor Report (CR) deals with part of the problem of how we engineer the total system in order to achieve the best balanced design. We will discuss a key aspect of this question - the principle of Technical Integration and its components, along with management and decision making. The CR will first provide an introduction with a discussion of the Challenges in Space System Design and meeting the challenges. Next is an overview of Engineering the System including Technical Integration. Engineering the System is expanded to include key aspects of the Design Process, Lifecycle Considerations, etc. The basic information and figures used in this CR were presented in a NASA training program for Program and Project Managers Development (PPMD) in classes at Georgia Tech and at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Many of the principles and illustrations are extracted from the courses we teach for MSFC.

Blair, J. C.; Ryan, R. S.; Schutzenhofer, L. A.

2011-01-01

382

Fuel supply control system for engine carburetors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a fuel supply control system for a vehicle internal combustion engine having a variable venturi type carburetor with a fixed main nozzle and a variable nozzle in which a higher suction of intake air than a predetermined rate increases the opening area of the variable nozzle. The principal component features of this system are, firstly, a separate

E. Kishida; H. Kobayashi; K. Hidekazu

1986-01-01

383

APPLICATIONS OF EXPERT SYSTEMS IN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING  

EPA Science Inventory

Expert systems are a promising computer-based approach to helping environmental engineers solve difficult problems. A number of such systems have been developed to date in the areas of hazard assessment, modeling support, process failure diagnosis, and regulatory support. The US ...

384

Expert systems in industrial engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

An expert system can be denned as ‘a tool which has the capability to understand problem specific knowledge and use the domain knowledge intelligently to suggest alternate paths of action’. This paper presents a structured framework for the development of an expert system. The five major aspects of expert system development are: Problem definition; knowledge acquisition, representation and coordination; inference

S. R. T. KUMARA; SANJAY JOSHI; R. L. KASHYAP; C. L. MOODIE; T. C. CHANG

1986-01-01

385

Wood gasification integrated with fuel cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Techno-economic assessments of systems which integrate biomass gasification with fuel cell modules (molten carbonate or phosphoric acid) for electricity generation are presented. The wood-fired Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell was found to be suitable where high heat\\/electricity values were required, but had low electrical efficiency. Electrical efficiencies of 13–17% are typical for these systems, as are Break-even Electricity Selling Prices (BESPs)

D. R McIlveen-Wright; B. C Williams; J. T McMullan

2000-01-01

386

Advanced treatment of biologically pretreated coal gasification wastewater using a novel anoxic moving bed biofilm reactor (ANMBBR)-biological aerated filter (BAF) system.  

PubMed

A novel system integrating anoxic moving bed biofilm reactor (ANMBBR) and biological aerated filter (BAF) with short-cut biological nitrogen removal (SBNR) process was investigated as advanced treatment of real biologically pretreated coal gasification wastewater (CGW). The results showed the system had efficient capacity of degradation of pollutants especially nitrogen removal. The best performance was obtained at hydraulic residence times of 12h and nitrite recycling ratios of 200%. The removal efficiencies of COD, total organic carbon, NH4(+)-N, total phenols and total nitrogen (TN) were 74.6%, 70.0%, 85.0%, 92.7% and 72.3%, the corresponding effluent concentrations were 35.1, 18.0, 4.8, 2.2 and 13.6mg/L, respectively. Compared with traditional A(2)/O process, the system had high performance of NH4(+)-N and TN removal, especially under the high toxic loading. Moreover, ANMBBR played a key role in eliminating toxicity and degrading refractory compounds, which was beneficial to improve biodegradability of raw wastewater for SBNR process. PMID:24561627

Zhuang, Haifeng; Han, Hongjun; Jia, Shengyong; Zhao, Qian; Hou, Baolin

2014-04-01

387

Tenure track positions in systems engineering In response to growing Navy demands for systems engineering education and research,  

E-print Network

Tenure track positions in systems engineering In response to growing Navy demands for systems engineering education and research, the Naval Postgraduate School is expanding its systems engineering faculty. The Department of Systems Engineering is ranked as the 20th graduate program in the nation by USNWR

388

industrial & Systems Engineers Engineer Systems The challenge is in how you can manage complexity to solve your problem.  

E-print Network

industrial & Systems Engineers Engineer Systems The challenge is in how you can manage complexity of Industrial & Systems Engineering http://www.ise.nus.edu.sg/Sye http://www.facebook.com/ise.nus #12;The to solve your problem. Only Systems Engineering tools and techniques can effectively address complexity

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

389

May 17, 2011 Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

) communication with faculty (when necessary), (7) collaboration and communication with students (as much.K., "Business Strategies for Satellite Systems", (2004), Artech House. Grading Guide for Written Assignments

390

Programmed temperature gasification study. Final report, October 1, 1979-November 30, 1980  

SciTech Connect

An experimental, modeling and conceptual engineering analysis study has been performed to assess the feasibility of TRW's Programmed Temperature Gasification (PTG) concept for carbonizing caking coals without severe agglomeration. The concept involves control of carbonizing heating rate to maintain metaplast concentration at a level equal to or slightly below that which causes agglomeration. The experimental studies required the contruction of a novel programmed temperature, elevated pressure, hot stage video microscope for observation of coal particle changes during heating. This system was used to develop a minimum-time heating schedule capable of carbonizing the coal at elevated pressures in the presence of hydrogen without severe agglomeration. Isothermal fixed heating rate data for a series of coals were subsequently used to calibrate and verify the mathematical model for the PTG process. These results showed good correlation between experimental data and mathematical predictions. Commercial application of the PTG concept to batch, moving bed and fluid bed processing schemes was then evaluated. Based on the calibrated model programmed temperature gasification of the coal without severe agglomeration could be carried out on a commercial batch reaction in 4 to 12 minutes. The next step in development of the PTG concept for commercial application would require testing on a bench scale (3-inch diameter) gasifier coupled with a full commercial assessment to determine size and cost of various gasification units.

Spoon, M.J.; Gardner, M.P.; Starkovich, J.A.; Fein, H.L.; Apte, A.J.

1980-11-30

391

An inference engine for embedded diagnostic systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The implementation of an inference engine for embedded diagnostic systems is described. The system consists of two distinct parts. The first is an off-line compiler which accepts a propositional logical statement of the relationship between facts and conclusions and produces data structures required by the on-line inference engine. The second part consists of the inference engine and interface routines which accept assertions of fact and return the conclusions which necessarily follow. Given a set of assertions, it will generate exactly the conclusions which logically follow. At the same time, it will detect any inconsistencies which may propagate from an inconsistent set of assertions or a poorly formulated set of rules. The memory requirements are fixed and the worst case execution times are bounded at compile time. The data structures and inference algorithms are very simple and well understood. The data structures and algorithms are described in detail. The system has been implemented on Lisp, Pascal, and Modula-2.

Fox, Barry R.; Brewster, Larry T.

1987-01-01

392

Optimization in the systems engineering process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The essential elements of the design process consist of the mission definition phase that provides the system requirements, the conceptual design, the preliminary design and finally the detailed design. Mission definition is performed largely by operations analysts in conjunction with the customer. The result of their study is handed off to the systems engineers for documentation as the systems requirements. The document that provides these requirements is the basis for the further design work of the design engineers at the Lockheed-Georgia Company. The design phase actually begins with conceptual design, which is generally conducted by a small group of engineers using multidisciplinary design programs. Because of the complexity of the design problem, the analyses are relatively simple and generally dependent on parametric analyses of the configuration. The result of this phase is a baseline configuration from which preliminary design may be initiated.

Lemmerman, Loren A.

1993-01-01

393

Cognitive Systems Engineering: The Next 30 Years  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation is part of panel discussion on Cognitive Systems Engineering. The purpose of this panel is to discuss the challenges and future directions of Cognitive Systems Engineering for the next 30 years. I intended to present the work we have been doing with the Aviation Safety program and Space Human Factors Engineering project on Work Domain Analysis and some areas of Research Focus. Specifically, I intend to focus on the shift on the need to understand and model attention in mixed-initiative systems, the need for methods which can generate results to be used in trade-off decisions, and the need to account for a range of human behavior in the design.

Feary, Michael

2012-01-01

394

Optimization in the systems engineering process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The essential elements of the design process consist of the mission definition phase that provides the system requirements, the conceptual design, the preliminary design and finally the detailed design. Mission definition is performed largely by operations analysts in conjunction with the customer. The result of their study is handed off to the systems engineers for documentation as the systems requirements. The document that provides these requirements is the basis for the further design work of the design engineers at the Lockheed-Georgia Company. The design phase actually begins with conceptual design, which is generally conducted by a small group of engineers using multidisciplinary design programs. Because of the complexity of the design problem, the analyses are relatively simple and generally dependent on parametric analyses of the configuration. The result of this phase is a baseline configuration from which preliminary design may be initiated.

Lemmerman, Loren A.

395

User engineering: A new look at system engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

User Engineering is a new System Engineering perspective responsible for defining and maintaining the user view of the system. Its elements are a process to guide the project and customer, a multidisciplinary team including hard and soft sciences, rapid prototyping tools to build user interfaces quickly and modify them frequently at low cost, and a prototyping center for involving users and designers in an iterative way. The main consideration is reducing the risk that the end user will not or cannot effectively use the system. The process begins with user analysis to produce cognitive and work style models, and task analysis to produce user work functions and scenarios. These become major drivers of the human computer interface design which is presented and reviewed as an interactive prototype by users. Feedback is rapid and productive, and user effectiveness can be measured and observed before the system is built and fielded. Requirements are derived via the prototype and baselined early to serve as an input to the architecture and software design.

Mclaughlin, Larry L.

1987-01-01

396

System Engineering of Photonic Systems for Space Application  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The application of photonics in space systems requires tight integration with the spacecraft systems to ensure accurate operation. This requires some detailed and specific system engineering to properly incorporate the photonics into the spacecraft architecture and to guide the spacecraft architecture in supporting the photonics devices. Recent research in product focused, elegant system engineering has led to a system approach which provides a robust approach to this integration. Focusing on the mission application and the integration of the spacecraft system physics incorporation of the photonics can be efficiently and effectively accomplished. This requires a clear understanding of the driving physics properties of the photonics device to ensure proper integration with no unintended consequences. The driving physics considerations in terms of optical performance will be identified for their use in system integration. Keywords: System Engineering, Optical Transfer Function, Optical Physics, Photonics, Image Jitter, Launch Vehicle, System Integration, Organizational Interaction

Watson, Michael D.; Pryor, Jonathan E.

2014-01-01

397

Deep space telecommunication systems engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Descriptive and analytical information useful for the optimal design, specification, and performance evaluation of deep space telecommunications systems is presented. Telemetry, tracking, and command systems, receiver design, spacecraft antennas, frequency selection, interference, and modulation techniques are addressed. Previously announced in STAR as N83-22226

J. H. Yuen

1983-01-01

398

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

this online system: https://lgo.mit.edu/merchant - with the following entries: For "Payment applied to" please available at 8:30 AM 3 REGISTRATION and ONLINE PAYMENT REGISTRATION INSTRUCTIONS FEE 1. Please Fax (617 immediately before or after the event by credit card in our online system if necessary for business reasons

de Weck, Olivier L.

399

TF34 Convertible Engine System Technology Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ability of the helicopter to function efficiently at zero flight speed is counterbalanced by a limitation to rather low forward flight speeds. An ability to fly efficiently at high speed would provide very significant improvements in rotorcraft productivity and economics. The implementation of such improvements would require the development of a suitable integrated power plant for both the vertical and horizontal flight modes. The engine should be a shaft output engine in the vertical flight mode. In the horizontal mode, the propulsor can be fan or propeller. A description is presented of a program concerned with the demonstration of a convertible turbofan/turboshaft engine. The program is nominally directed toward the demonstration of a propulsion system for an X-wing aircraft. However, the principles being investigated are applicable to any convertible turbofan/turboshaft engine application. At the current early stage of the program, no barrier problems have become apparent, and interesting possibilities for high speed rotorcraft flight are envisaged.

Abdalla, K. L.; Brooks, A.

1982-01-01

400

Co-gasification of biomass and coal for methanol synthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, a growing interest has been observed in the application of methanol as an alternative liquid fuel, which can be used directly for powering Otto engines or fuel cells achieving high thermodynamic efficiencies and relatively low environmental impacts. Biomass and coal can be considered as a potential fuel for gasification and further syn-gas production and methanol synthesis. In

Tomasz Chmielniak; Marek Sciazko

2003-01-01

401

Fundamental studies of catalytic gasification  

SciTech Connect

The major purpose of this project was to finding catalysts which will permit steam gasification of carbonaceous material at reasonable rates and at lower temperatures than currently practiced. This quarter, experiments with steam gasification of graphite were performed. Catalysts studied were potassium, calcium, and nickel oxides. Reaction kinetics are discussed. 28 refs., 34 figs., 8 tabs.

Heinemann, H.; Somorjai, G.A.

1991-06-01

402

ENCOAL Mild Coal Gasification project  

SciTech Connect

Commissioning of the plant dominated the activities of the ENCOAL field group during this reporting period. The operator training classes were completed, initial plant start-up commenced. On June 17, 1992 all systems were fully integrated and the ENCOAL Mild Gasification Plant became fully operational. The plant operated continuously for 24 hours, and both PDF and CDL were produced. Construction of the project was 100% complete by the end of May. As a result of the construction progress, demobilization of KCI and their subcontractors was concluded. An electrical and instrumentation contract was also awarded during the quarter. This contract, combined with the mechanical maintenance contract awarded earlier, provided excellent assistance for plant commissioning and final construction activities.

Frederick, J.P.

1992-01-01

403

Engineered Barrier System: Physical and Chemical Environment  

SciTech Connect

The conceptual and predictive models documented in this Engineered Barrier System: Physical and Chemical Environment Model report describe the evolution of the physical and chemical conditions within the waste emplacement drifts of the repository. The modeling approaches and model output data will be used in the total system performance assessment (TSPA-LA) to assess the performance of the engineered barrier system and the waste form. These models evaluate the range of potential water compositions within the emplacement drifts, resulting from the interaction of introduced materials and minerals in dust with water seeping into the drifts and with aqueous solutions forming by deliquescence of dust (as influenced by atmospheric conditions), and from thermal-hydrological-chemical (THC) processes in the drift. These models also consider the uncertainty and variability in water chemistry inside the drift and the compositions of introduced materials within the drift. This report develops and documents a set of process- and abstraction-level models that constitute the engineered barrier system: physical and chemical environment model. Where possible, these models use information directly from other process model reports as input, which promotes integration among process models used for total system performance assessment. Specific tasks and activities of modeling the physical and chemical environment are included in the technical work plan ''Technical Work Plan for: In-Drift Geochemistry Modeling'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 166519]). As described in the technical work plan, the development of this report is coordinated with the development of other engineered barrier system analysis model reports.

P. Dixon

2004-04-26

404

ARRL: A Criterion for Composable Safety and Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

ARRL: A Criterion for Composable Safety and Systems Engineering Eric Verhulst1 , Jose Luis de la concept. Keywords: safety engineering, system engineering, safety standard, Safety Integrity Level. The underlying need is trustworthiness. Although systems engineering standards and in particular safety standards

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

405

Daniel J. Epstein Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Daniel J. Epstein Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering University of Southern California and Systems Engineering, we practice the art of invention daily. In this issue, you'll read about a few of our in Manufactur- ing Engineering and Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering and Aerospace and Mechanical

Zhou, Chongwu

406

Titanium in Engine Valve Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Titanium alloys offer a unique combination of high strength-to-weight ratio, good corrosion resistance and favorable high temperature mechanical properties. Still, their relatively high cost has discouraged consideration for widespread use in automotive components. Recent demands for increased fuel economy have led to the consideration of these alloys for use as valve train materials where higher costs might be offset by improvements in performance and fuel economy. Lighter weight valve train components permit the use of lower spring loads, thus reducing friction and increasing fuel economy. Camshaft friction measurements made on a typical small displacement engine indicate that a twoto-four percent increase in fuel economy can be achieved. Valve train components are, however, subject to a severe operating environment, including elevated temperatures, sliding wear and high mechanical loads. This paper discusses the details of alloy and heat treatment selection for optimizing valve performance. When properly manufactured, titanium valves have been shown to withstand very stringent durability testing, indicating the technical feasibility of this approach to fuel economy improvement.

Allison, J. E.; Sherman, A. M.; Bapna, M. R.

1987-03-01

407

Intelligent Work Process Engineering System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Optimizing performance on work activities and processes requires metrics of performance for management to monitor and analyze in order to support further improvements in efficiency, effectiveness, safety, reliability and cost. Information systems are therefore required to assist management in making timely, informed decisions regarding these work processes and activities. Currently information systems regarding Space Shuttle maintenance and servicing do not exist to make such timely decisions. The work to be presented details a system which incorporates various automated and intelligent processes and analysis tools to capture organize and analyze work process related data, to make the necessary decisions to meet KSC organizational goals. The advantages and disadvantages of design alternatives to the development of such a system will be discussed including technologies, which would need to bedesigned, prototyped and evaluated.

Williams, Kent E.

2003-01-01

408

SPOTLIGHT on: Jennifer Dowling Industrial and Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

SPOTLIGHT on: Jennifer Dowling Industrial and Systems Engineering Hometown: La Mirada, CA Involvement at USC: Society of Women Engineers- Corporate Affairs Committee member, Institute of Industrial Engineers- President, Viterbi Graduate Admissions Office- student staff member, Song Girl 2007 Favorite

Wang, Hai

409

40 CFR 86.1318-84 - Engine dynamometer system calibrations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Engine dynamometer system calibrations...IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) Emission Regulations for New Otto-Cycle and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines; Gaseous and Particulate...

2013-07-01

410

40 CFR 86.1318-84 - Engine dynamometer system calibrations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Engine dynamometer system calibrations...IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) Emission Regulations for New Otto-Cycle and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines; Gaseous and Particulate...

2011-07-01

411

40 CFR 86.1318-84 - Engine dynamometer system calibrations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Engine dynamometer system calibrations...IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) Emission Regulations for New Otto-Cycle and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines; Gaseous and Particulate...

2010-07-01

412

40 CFR 86.1318-84 - Engine dynamometer system calibrations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Engine dynamometer system calibrations...IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) Emission Regulations for New Otto-Cycle and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines; Gaseous and Particulate...

2012-07-01

413

Geotechnical Systems Track within Civil Engineering Course Recommendations  

E-print Network

Geotechnical Systems Track within Civil Engineering Course Recommendations to concentrate your elective courses within one area of civil engineering, in order: CEE 3055 Structural Analysis CEE 4405 Geotechnical Engineering Choose 2

Wang, Yuhang

414

Infrastructure Systems Track within Civil Engineering Course Recommendations  

E-print Network

Infrastructure Systems Track within Civil Engineering Course Recommendations courses within one area of civil engineering, in order to further specialize: CEE 4100 Construction Management CEE 4600 Transport Engineering Choose 2

Wang, Yuhang

415

Structural Systems Track within Civil Engineering Course Recommendations  

E-print Network

Structural Systems Track within Civil Engineering Course Recommendations to concentrate your elective courses within one area of civil engineering, in order Geotechnical Engineering Choose 1 of 3 from the following list: CEE 4200

Wang, Yuhang

416

CATALYTIC GASIFICATION OF COAL USING EUTECTIC SALT MIXTURES  

SciTech Connect

The project, ''Catalytic Gasification of Coal Using Eutectic Salt Mixtures'', is being conducted jointly by Clark Atlanta University (CAU), the University of Tennessee Space Institute (UTSI) and the Georgia Institute of Technology (GT). The aims of the project are to: identify appropriate eutectic salt mixture catalysts for the gasification of Illinois No.6 coal; evaluate various impregnation or catalyst addition methods to improve catalyst dispersion; evaluate effects of major process variables (e.g., temperature, system pressure, etc.) on coal gasification; evaluate the recovery, regeneration and recycle of the spent catalysts in a bench-scale fixed bed reactor; and conduct thorough analysis and modeling of the gasification process to provide a better understanding of the fundamental mechanisms and kinetics of the process. The eutectic catalysts increased gasification rate significantly. The methods of catalyst preparation and addition had significant effect on the catalytic activity and coal gasification. The incipient wetness method gave more uniform catalyst distribution than that of physical mixing for the soluble catalysts resulting in higher gasification rates for the incipient wetness samples. The catalytic activity increased by varying degrees with catalyst loading. The above results are especially important since the eutectic catalysts (with low melting points) yield significant gasification rates even at low temperatures. Among the ternary eutectic catalysts studied, the system 39% Li{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-38.5% Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-22.5% Rb{sub 2}CO{sub 3} showed the best activity and will be used for further bench scale fixed-bed gasification reactor in the next period. Based on the Clark Atlanta University studies in the previous reporting period, the project team selected the 43.5% Li{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-31.5% Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-25% K{sub 2}CO{sub 3} ternary eutectic and the 29% Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-71% K{sub 2}CO{sub 3} binary eutectic for the fixed-bed studies at UTSI during this reporting period. Temperature was found to have a significant effect on the rate of gasification of coal. The rate of gasification increased up to 1400 F. Pressure did not have much effect on the gasification rates. The catalyst loading increased the gasification rate and approached complete conversion when 10 wt% of catalyst was added to the coal. Upon further increasing the catalyst amount to 20-wt% and above, there was no significant rise in gasification rate. The rate of gasification was lower for a 2:1 steam to char molar ratio (60%) compared to gasification rates at 3.4:1 molar ratio of steam-to-char where the conversion approached 100%. The characterization results of Georgia Tech are very preliminary and inconclusive and will be made available in the next report.

Unknown

1999-04-01

417

Innovative Design of Complex Engineering Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The document contains the proceedings of the training workshop on Innovative Design of Complex Engineering Systems. The workshop was held at the Peninsula Higher Education Center, Hampton, Virginia, March 23 and 24, 2004. The workshop was jointly sponsored by Old Dominion University and NASA. Workshop attendees came from NASA, other government agencies, industry and universities. The objectives of the workshop were to a) provide broad overviews of the diverse activities related to innovative design of high-tech engineering systems; and b) identify training needs for future aerospace work force development in the design area. The format of the workshop included fifteen, half-hour overview-type presentations, a panel discussion on how to teach and train engineers in innovative design, and three exhibits by commercial vendors.

Noor, Ahmed K. (Compiler)

2004-01-01

418

Steam-injected gas turbines uneconomical with coal gasification equipment  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at the Electric Power Research Institute conducted a series of engineering and economic studies to assess the possibility of substituting steam-injected gas (STIG) turbines for the gas turbines currently proposed for use in British Gas Corporation (BGC)/Lurgi coal gasification-combined cycle plants. The study sought to determine whether steam-injected gas turbines and intercooled steam-injected gas turbines, as proposed by General Electric would be economically competitive with conventional gas and steam turbines when integrated with coal gasification equipment. The results are tabulated in the paper.

Not Available

1986-09-01

419

Coal gasification developments in Europe -- A perspective  

SciTech Connect

This survey paper will review the development status of coal gasification in Europe and give a broad perspective of the future uptake of the technology. Three main families of gasifier design are currently being developed or demonstrated world-wide, namely fixed bed (also known as moving bed), fluidized bed and entrained flow. Gasifiers belonging to each of these families have been or are being developed in European countries. Of the three families, entrained flow gasifiers are at the most advanced stage of development, with two demonstration projects currently underway: these projects are based on designs developed by Shell and Krupp Koppers. Fixed bed systems have been developed to operate under either slagging or non-slagging conditions, ie, the British Gas-Lurgi and Tampella U-Gas systems, respectively. Fluid bed systems of various designs have also been developed, eg, the Rheinbraun HTW, British Coal and Ahlstrom systems. Gasification cycles can be based on either total or partial gasification, and the above designs represent both these options. In addition, a wide variety of fuel sources can be used in gasifiers, including bituminous coal, lignite, biomass, petroleum coke, etc or, indeed, any combination of these. The major demonstration projects in Europe are at Buggenum in the Netherlands, where a 250 MWe entrained flow gasifier based on Shell technology first gasified coal in December 1993. A further 335 MWe entrained flow gasifier, located at Puertollano in Spain, based on Krupp Koppers Prenflo technology, is at an advanced stage of construction.

Burnard, G.K.; Sharman, P.W.; Alphandary, M. [ETSU, Harwell (United Kingdom)

1994-12-31

420

Prerequisites: Control Systems I+II, System Modeling, Engine Class (Introduction to Modeling and Control of  

E-print Network

Thesis IDSC-LG-FZ-05 Gas Diesel Engine Modeling and Control The gas diesel engine is a natural gas enginePrerequisites: Control Systems I+II, System Modeling, Engine Class (Introduction to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems, IC Engines, ...), Optimization Course, Matlab

Lygeros, John

421

Intelligent tutoring systems for systems engineering methodologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The general goal is to provide the technology required to build systems that can provide intelligent tutoring in IDEF (Integrated Computer Aided Manufacturing Definition Method) modeling. The following subject areas are covered: intelligent tutoring systems for systems analysis methodologies; IDEF tutor architecture and components; developing cognitive skills for IDEF modeling; experimental software; and PC based prototype.

Meyer, Richard J.; Toland, Joel; Decker, Louis

1991-01-01

422

7th Annual Systems Biology Symposium: Systems Biology and Engineering  

SciTech Connect

Systems biology recognizes the complex multi-scale organization of biological systems, from molecules to ecosystems. The International Symposium on Systems Biology has been hosted by the Institute for Systems Biology in Seattle, Washington, since 2002. The annual two-day event gathers the most influential researchers transforming biology into an integrative discipline investingating complex systems. Engineering and application of new technology is a central element of systems biology. Genome-scale, or very small-scale, biological questions drive the enigneering of new technologies, which enable new modes of experimentation and computational analysis, leading to new biological insights and questions. Concepts and analytical methods in engineering are now finding direct applications in biology. Therefore, the 2008 Symposium, funded in partnership with the Department of Energy, featured global leaders in "Systems Biology and Engineering."

Galitski, Timothy P.

2008-04-01

423

Video display engineering and optimization system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A video display engineering and optimization CAD simulation system for designing a LCD display integrates models of a display device circuit, electro-optics, surface geometry, and physiological optics to model the system performance of a display. This CAD system permits system performance and design trade-offs to be evaluated without constructing a physical prototype of the device. The systems includes a series of modules which permit analysis of design trade-offs in terms of their visual impact on a viewer looking at a display.

Larimer, James (Inventor)

1997-01-01

424

Flexible Support for Adaptable Software and Systems Engineering Processes  

E-print Network

Flexible Support for Adaptable Software and Systems Engineering Processes Richard Mordinyi, Thomas and therefore inflexible adapta- tions in case of even minimal changes to engineering processes or engineering and existing engineering tools. We evaluate the EngSB by implementing a standard software engineering process

425

A systems engineering approach to validation of a pulmonary physiology  

E-print Network

A systems engineering approach to validation of a pulmonary physiology simulator for clinical validation for physiological simulation. Keywords: physiological simulation; systems engineering; model proof of their applicability and reliability in the clinical arena. This paper describes a systems

Davies, Christopher

426

14 CFR 23.1165 - Engine ignition systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Engine ignition systems. 23.1165 Section 23.1165...Controls and Accessories § 23.1165 Engine ignition systems. (a) Each battery ignition system must be supplemented by a...

2010-01-01

427

14 CFR 25.1165 - Engine ignition systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Engine ignition systems. 25.1165 Section 25.1165...Controls and Accessories § 25.1165 Engine ignition systems. (a) Each battery ignition system must be supplemented by a...

2010-01-01

428

14 CFR 29.1165 - Engine ignition systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Engine ignition systems. 29.1165 Section 29.1165...Controls and Accessories § 29.1165 Engine ignition systems. (a) Each battery ignition system must be supplemented with a...

2010-01-01

429

Fluidized bed injection assembly for coal gasification  

DOEpatents

A coaxial feed system for fluidized bed coal gasification processes including an inner tube for injecting particulate combustibles into a transport gas, an inner annulus about the inner tube for injecting an oxidizing gas, and an outer annulus about the inner annulus for transporting a fluidizing and cooling gas. The combustibles and oxidizing gas are discharged vertically upward directly into the combustion jet, and the fluidizing and cooling gas is discharged in a downward radial direction into the bed below the combustion jet.

Cherish, Peter (Bethel Park, PA); Salvador, Louis A. (Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1981-01-01

430

Mutagenicity of Tween 80-solvated mild gasification products in the Ames salmonella microsomal assay system. [Quarterly report, October--December 1991  

SciTech Connect

The results of the Tween 80-solvated Ames testing of six mild gasification samples indicate significant mutagenic activity only in the composite materials (MG-119 and MG-120), previously suspected from the DMSO-solvated assays, which had shown some variable but ultimately insignificant mutagenic responses. The activity of these samples from the Tween 80-solvated assays was quite low when compared to either the positive controls or the SRC-II HD coal-liquefaction reference material. The class of mutagenic activity expressed by these samples solvated in Tween 80 was that of an indirect-acting, frameshift mutagen(s) since significant activity was found only on tester strain TA98 in the presence of the metabolic activation fraction (S9). Because DMSO and other solvents have been shown to affect the mutagenic activity of certain pure chemicals, the possibility of solvent/mutagen interactions in complex mixtures such as coal-derived liquids exists. Thus, the testing of the genotoxic activity of undefined, chemically complex compounds may require the use of at least two solvent systems to reduce the possibility of artifactual findings. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1992-01-13

431

Chain modeling for life cycle systems engineering  

SciTech Connect

Throughout Sandia`s history, products have been represented by drawings. Solid modeling systems have recently replaced drawings as the preferred means for representing product geometry. These systems are used for product visualization, engineering analysis and manufacturing planning. Unfortunately, solid modeling technology is inadequate for life cycle systems engineering, which requires maintenance of technical history, efficient management of geometric and non-geometric data, and explicit representation of engineering and manufacturing characteristics. Such information is not part of the mathematical foundation of solid modeling. The current state-of-the-art in life cycle engineering is comprised of painstakingly created special purpose tools, which often are incompatible. New research on {open_quotes}chain modeling{close_quotes} provides a method of chaining the functionality of a part to the geometric representation. Chain modeling extends classical solid modeling to include physical, manufacturing, and procedural information required for life cycle engineering. In addition, chain modeling promises to provide the missing theoretical basis for Sandia`s parent/child product realization paradigm. In chain modeling, artifacts and systems are characterized in terms of their combinatorial properties: cell complexes, chains, and their operators. This approach is firmly rooted in algebraic topology and is a natural extension of current technology. The potential benefits of this approach include explicit hierarchical and combinatorial representation of physics, geometry, functionality, test, and legacy data in a common computational framework that supports a rational decision process and partial design automation. Chain modeling will have a significant impact on design preservation, system identification, parameterization, system reliability, and design simplification.

Rivera, J.J. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Shapiro, V. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Spatial Automation Lab.

1997-12-01

432

Investigation of Exoskeletal Engine Propulsion System Concept  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An innovative approach to gas turbine design involves mounting compressor and turbine blades to an outer rotating shell. Designated the exoskeletal engine, compression (preferable to tension for high-temperature ceramic materials, generally) becomes the dominant blade force. Exoskeletal engine feasibility lies in the structural and mechanical design (as opposed to cycle or aerothermodynamic design), so this study focused on the development and assessment of a structural-mechanical exoskeletal concept using the Rolls-Royce AE3007 regional airliner all-axial turbofan as a baseline. The effort was further limited to the definition of an exoskeletal high-pressure spool concept, where the major structural and thermal challenges are represented. The mass of the high-pressure spool was calculated and compared with the mass of AE3007 engine components. It was found that the exoskeletal engine rotating components can be significantly lighter than the rotating components of a conventional engine. However, bearing technology development is required, since the mass of existing bearing systems would exceed rotating machinery mass savings. It is recommended that once bearing technology is sufficiently advanced, a "clean sheet" preliminary design of an exoskeletal system be accomplished to better quantify the potential for the exoskeletal concept to deliver benefits in mass, structural efficiency, and cycle design flexibility.

Roche, Joseph M.; Palac, Donald T.; Hunter, James E.; Myers, David E.; Snyder, Christopher A.; Kosareo, Daniel N.; McCurdy, David R.; Dougherty, Kevin T.

2005-01-01

433

Plasma ignition system for internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect

A plasma ignition system for an internal combustion engine which varies a discharge time of a plasma ignition energy charged capacitor according to the engine operating condition, e.g., the current engine speed. The plasma ignition system comprises: (a) a plurality of plasma ignition plugs, each provided within the corresponding engine cylinder; (b) a DC-DC converter which produces and outputs a high DC voltage; (c) a plurality of first capacitors each for charging and discharging the high DC voltage from the DC-DC converter; (d) a plurality of switching circuits each connected to the corresponding first capacitor for defining the discharge time interval of the corresponding first capacitor in response to a trigger signal inputted thereto at a predetermined ignition timing; (e) a trigger signal generator which generates and outputs the trigger signal to each corresponding switching circuit, the width of the trigger signal being varied so as to become narrower when the engine rotates at a speed higher than a predetermined value; and (f) a plurality of transformers each connected to the corresponding capacitor which receives the high DC voltage from the corresponding first capacitor through the corresponding switching circuit at the primary winding thereof and boosts the high oscillation voltage generated at the primary winding thereof according to the winding ratio between the secondary and primary windings thereof so as to apply the boosted voltage to the corresponding plasma ignition plug.

Endo, H.; Imai, I.; Ishikawa, Y.; Sone, M.

1984-06-26

434

Dynamics of mooring systems in ocean engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The computation of restoring forces on floating platforms caused by mooring systems in ocean engineering is usually performed by means of quasi-static procedures. Thereby, nonlinear phenomena produced by the motion of the mooring line or the interaction between fluid and line are not considered. For lines in deep water, these effects may cause a tremendous increase in the tension

E. Kreuzer; U. Wilke

2003-01-01

435

Modelbased Security Engineering for Evolving Systems  

E-print Network

diagrams. Security management: Use activity diagrams. Technology specific: Java, CORBA security. #12; JanModelbased Security Engineering for Evolving Systems Jan Jürjens Open University (GB) Microsoft for Secure Change 2 Security: Some Problems ,,Blind" use of security mechanisms: · Security usually

Jurjens, Jan

436

Modeling organizations for information systems requirements engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In attempting to understand information system environments during requirements engineering, it is often helpful to have an understanding of the `whys' as well as the `whats' about the environment. A natural way to answer why questions is by tracing them to goals. In an organizational environment, however, the whys do not originate from a single set of given goals. Organizational

Eric S. K. Yu

1993-01-01

437

Intelligent systems in process engineering: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this review is three-fold. First, sketch the directions that research and industrial applications of “intelligent systems” have taken in several areas of process engineering. Second, identify the emerging trends in each area, as well as the common threads that cut across several domains of inquiry. Third, stipulate research and development themes of significant importance for the future

G. Stephanopoulos; C. Han

1996-01-01

438

Interactive Microcomputer Programs for Teaching Engineering Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on efforts to develop interactive general purpose programs (for very inexpensive microcomputers) to be used in engineering systems courses. Programs discussed (Microsoft Basic) include: (1) polynomial root finder; (2) partial fraction expansion; (3) transfer function frequency response; (4) transfer function simulator; and (5) Fourier…

Jacquot, R. G.; And Others

1983-01-01

439

Method and system for controlled combustion engines  

DOEpatents

A system for controlling combustion in internal combustion engines of both the Diesel or Otto type, which relies on establishing fluid dynamic conditions and structures wherein fuel and air are entrained, mixed and caused to be ignited in the interior of a multiplicity of eddies, and where these structures are caused to sequentially fill the headspace of the cylinders.

Oppenheim, A. K. (Berkeley, CA)

1990-01-01

440

The Systems and Global Engineering Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Systems and Global Engineering (SAGE) Project in which students collaborate with others from around the world to model solutions to some of today's most significant global problems. Stevens Institute of Technology and the New Jersey Technology Education Association (NJTEA) have teamed up to develop innovative…

Harms, Henry; Janosz, David A., Jr.; Maietta, Steve

2010-01-01

441

Engineering Education as a Complex System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a theoretical basis for cultivating engineering education as a complex system that will prepare students to think critically and make decisions with regard to poorly understood, ill-structured issues. Integral to this theoretical basis is a solution space construct developed and presented as a benchmark for evaluating…

Gattie, David K.; Kellam, Nadia N.; Schramski, John R.; Walther, Joachim

2011-01-01

442

Requirements for Automotive System Engineering Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The requirements to system and software development tools brought up by the automotive industry differ from the requirements that other customers have. The important catchwords here are heterogeneity of suppliers, tools, tech- nical background of the engineers, and - partially resulting from the just mentioned - the overall complexity of the sys- tems that are built up. There are multiple

Joachim Schlosser; BMW AG

2002-01-01

443

Systems Engineering at the Superconducting Super Collider  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systems Engineering at the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory has made significant advances in the past year. It is heavily influenced by organizational changes, specifically the changes of the Project Manager. Technical documentation now includes the project plans necessary to guide the establishment and maintenance of the cost, schedule, and technical baselines. Specification and interface document preparation are progressing at a

Nonte

1992-01-01

444

The systems engineering overview and process (from the Systems Engineering Management Guide, 1990)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The past several decades have seen the rise of large, highly interactive systems that are on the forward edge of technology. As a result of this growth and the increased usage of digital systems (computers and software), the concept of systems engineering has gained increasing attention. Some of this attention is no doubt due to large program failures which possibly could have been avoided, or at least mitigated, through the use of systems engineering principles. The complexity of modern day weapon systems requires conscious application of systems engineering concepts to ensure producible, operable and supportable systems that satisfy mission requirements. Although many authors have traced the roots of systems engineering to earlier dates, the initial formalization of the systems engineering process for military development began to surface in the mid-1950s on the ballistic missile programs. These early ballistic missile development programs marked the emergence of engineering discipline 'specialists' which has since continued to grow. Each of these specialties not only has a need to take data from the overall development process, but also to supply data, in the form of requirements and analysis results, to the process. A number of technical instructions, military standards and specifications, and manuals were developed as a result of these development programs. In particular, MILSTD-499 was issued in 1969 to assist both government and contractor personnel in defining the systems engineering effort in support of defense acquisition programs. This standard was updated to MIL-STD499A in 1974, and formed the foundation for current application of systems engineering principles to military development programs.

1993-01-01

445

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering about the department of industrial and systems engineering  

E-print Network

.rpi.edu Center for Automation Technologies and Systems | cats.rpi.edu Dr. John Wen professor anD Department hea.rpi.edu school of engineering: facts Founded in 1824, one of the oldest engineering schools in the country

Salama, Khaled

446

Conceptual design report -- Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF)  

SciTech Connect

The problems heretofore with coal gasification and IGCC concepts have been their high cost and historical poor performance of fixed-bed gasifiers, particularly on caking coals. The Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF) project is being developed to solve these problems through the development of a novel coal gasification invention which incorporates pyrolysis (carbonization) with gasification (fixed-bed). It employs a pyrolyzer (carbonizer) to avoid sticky coal agglomeration caused in the conventional process of gradually heating coal through the 400 F to 900 F range. In so doing, the coal is rapidly heated sufficiently such that the coal tar exists in gaseous form rather than as a liquid. Gaseous tars are then thermally cracked prior to the completion of the gasification process. During the subsequent endothermic gasification reactions, volatilized alkali can become chemically bound to aluminosilicates in (or added to) the ash. To reduce NH{sub 3} and HCN from fuel born nitrogen, steam injection is minimized, and residual nitrogen compounds are partially chemically reduced in the cracking stage in the upper gasifier region. Assuming testing confirms successful deployment of all these integrated processes, future IGCC applications will be much simplified, require significantly less mechanical components, and will likely achieve the $1,000/kWe commercialized system cost goal of the GPIF project. This report describes the process and its operation, design of the plant and equipment, site requirements, and the cost and schedule. 23 refs., 45 figs., 23 tabs.

Sadowski, R.S.; Skinner, W.H.; House, L.S.; Duck, R.R. [CRS Sirrine Engineers, Inc., Greenville, SC (United States); Lisauskas, R.A.; Dixit, V.J. [Riley Stoker Corp., Worcester, MA (United States); Morgan, M.E.; Johnson, S.A. [PSI Technology Co., Andover, MA (United States). PowerServe Div.; Boni, A.A. [PSI-Environmental Instruments Corp., Andover, MA (United States)

1994-09-01

447

A life cycle evaluation of wood pellet gasification for district heating in British Columbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The replacement of natural gas combustion for district heating by wood waste and wood pellets gasification systems with or without emission control has been investigated by a streamlined LCA. While stack emissions from controlled gasification systems are lower than the applicable regulations, compared to the current base case, 12% and 133% increases are expected in the overall human health impacts

Ann Pa; Xiaotao T. Bi; Shahab Sokhansanj

2011-01-01

448

The JWST data management system engineering database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Engineering Data Processing (EDP) component of the James Webb Telescope (JWST) Data Management System (DMS) will collect calibrated engineering values for about 15,000 parameters, 300 million samples per day, with a potential daily database growth of 14 GB, 5 TB per year, 50 TB for a 10-year mission. While data will be mostly received in (time, parameter) order, fast access requires translation into (parameter, time) organization and sorting. Organization and indexing of the data will affect storage requirements as well as ingest and access efficiency. Fast access is critical to pipelines processing and calibrating science data.

Nieto-Santisteban, Maria A.

2012-09-01

449

Plasma Treatments and Biomass Gasification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exploitation of forest resources for energy production includes various methods of biomass processing. Gasification is one of the ways to recover energy from biomass. Syngas produced from biomass can be used to power internal combustion engines or, after purification, to supply fuel cells. Recent studies have shown the potential to improve conventional biomass processing by coupling a plasma reactor to a pyrolysis cyclone reactor. The role of the plasma is twofold: it acts as a purification stage by reducing production of tars and aerosols, and simultaneously produces a rich hydrogen syngas. In a first part of the paper we present results obtained from plasma treatment of pyrolysis oils. The outlet gas composition is given for various types of oils obtained at different experimental conditions with a pyrolysis reactor. Given the complexity of the mixtures from processing of biomass, we present a study with methanol considered as a model molecule. This experimental method allows a first modeling approach based on a combustion kinetic model suitable to validate the coupling of plasma with conventional biomass process. The second part of the paper is summarizing results obtained through a plasma-pyrolysis reactor arrangement. The goal is to show the feasibility of this plasma-pyrolysis coupling and emphasize more fundamental studies to understand the role of the plasma in the biomass treatment processes.

Luche, J.; Falcoz, Q.; Bastien, T.; Leninger, J. P.; Arabi, K.; Aubry, O.; Khacef, A.; Cormier, J. M.; Lédé, J.

2012-02-01

450

Fiber metal thermal barrier systems for advanced engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Combustion chamber insulation techniques are being developed to improve the thermal efficiency of the internal combustion engine. Strain isolated ceramic coating systems are being evaluated to apply ceramic thermal barriers to metal engine components. A thorough understanding of the engine environment and the response of the coating system to that environment is needed to design durable coatings for engine use.

R. P. Tolokan; G. P. Jarrabet; J. B. Brady

1984-01-01

451

Engineering Design Information System (EDIS) user' manual  

SciTech Connect

This manual is a guide to the use of the Engineering Design Information System (EDIS). The system runs on the Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., IBM 3084 unclassified computer. EDIS is in the second phase of implementation, which provides an index, storage, and retrieval system for engineering documents produced at various plants and laboratories operated by Energy Systems for the Department of Energy (DOE). The second phase also provides additional hard copy request functionality. Section 2.0 of this manual presents an overview of EDIS, describing the system's purpose; the functions it performs; hardware, software, and security requirements; and help and error functions. Section 3.0 describes how to access EDIS and how to operate system functions using Database 2 (DB2), Time Sharing Option (TSO), Interactive System Productivity Facility (ISPF), Soft Master viewing, and FT/Express file transfer features employed by this system. Appendix A lists the special hardware and software requirements that must be met to run the View function. Appendix B contains a description of the Soft Master viewing capabilities provided through the EDIS View function. Appendix C contains a list of special hardware and software requirements for the Store and Download functions of EDIS. Appendix D provides examples of the system error screens and help screens for valid codes used for screen entry. Appendix E contains a dictionary of data elements and descriptions.

Smith, P.S.; Short, R.D.

1991-11-01

452

Model based systems engineering for astronomical projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Model Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) is an emerging field of systems engineering for which the System Modeling Language (SysML) is a key enabler for descriptive, prescriptive and predictive models. This paper surveys some of the capabilities, expectations and peculiarities of tools-assisted MBSE experienced in real-life astronomical projects. The examples range in depth and scope across a wide spectrum of applications (for example documentation, requirements, analysis, trade studies) and purposes (addressing a particular development need, or accompanying a project throughout many - if not all - its lifecycle phases, fostering reuse and minimizing ambiguity). From the beginnings of the Active Phasing Experiment, through VLT instrumentation, VLTI infrastructure, Telescope Control System for the E-ELT, until Wavefront Control for the E-ELT, we show how stepwise refinements of tools, processes and methods have provided tangible benefits to customary system engineering activities like requirement flow-down, design trade studies, interfaces definition, and validation, by means of a variety of approaches (like Model Checking, Simulation, Model Transformation) and methodologies (like OOSEM, State Analysis)

Karban, R.; Andolfato, L.; Bristow, P.; Chiozzi, G.; Esselborn, M.; Schilling, M.; Schmid, C.; Sommer, H.; Zamparelli, M.

2014-08-01

453

Project Recap Humanitarian Engineering Biodiesel Boiler System for Steam Generator  

E-print Network

Project Recap Humanitarian Engineering ­ Biodiesel Boiler System for Steam Generator Currently 70 biodiesel boiler system to drive a steam engine generator. This system is to provide electricity the customer needs, a boiler fueled by biodiesel and outputting to a steam engine was decided upon. The system

Demirel, Melik C.

454

Anti-pollution system for internal combustion and diesel engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

An anti-pollution system for an internal combustion engine wherein a container within which is a body of water has an air injection system including first tubing extending into the container, second tubing connected to extract combustion gases from the engine exhaust system to introduce them into the container, third tubing extending from within the container to the engine intake system

Martinez-delgado

1982-01-01

455

ENGR 5004 The Systems Engineering Process Spring 2011 Syllabus  

E-print Network

ENGR 5004 ­ The Systems Engineering Process Spring 2011 Syllabus Tuesday, 4 PM ­ 6:45 PM COURSE DESCRIPTION Systems Engineering has emerged as an important profession in the design, development the principles of systems engineering to the design and analysis of systems. The focus will be on the life

Rahmandad, Hazhir

456

STEP AP233 + Standard PDM = Systems Engineering PDM ?  

E-print Network

STEP AP233 + Standard PDM = Systems Engineering PDM ? Roland Eckert1 , Wolfgang Mansel2 , Günther engineering environment. STEP ISO 10303 - AP233 provides an appropriate approach for integrating systems. A framework for a systems engineering PDM system is proposed and data exchange aspects discussed

Ulm, Universität

457

Fault Tolerant Oxygen Control of a Diesel Engine Air System  

E-print Network

Fault Tolerant Oxygen Control of a Diesel Engine Air System Rainer Nitsche Matthias Bitzer control problem of a Diesel engine air system having a jammed Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) valve of the air system. Keywords: Fault tolerant control, Diesel engine, Air system, Model-based trajectory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

458

Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF). Final report  

SciTech Connect

The gasifier selected for development under this contract is an innovative and patented hybrid technology which combines the best features of both fixed-bed and fluidized-bed types. PyGas{trademark}, meaning Pyrolysis Gasification, is well suited for integration into advanced power cycles such as IGCC. It is also well matched to hot gas clean-up technologies currently in development. Unlike other gasification technologies, PyGas can be designed into both large and small scale systems. It is expected that partial repowering with PyGas could be done at a cost of electricity of only 2.78 cents/kWh, more economical than natural gas repowering. It is extremely unfortunate that Government funding for such a noble cause is becoming reduced to the point where current contracts must be canceled. The Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF) project was initiated to provide a test facility to support early commercialization of advanced fixed-bed coal gasification technology at a cost approaching $1,000 per kilowatt for electric power generation applications. The project was to include an innovative, advanced, air-blown, pressurized, fixed-bed, dry-bottom gasifier and a follow-on hot metal oxide gas desulfurization sub-system. To help defray the cost of testing materials, the facility was to be located at a nearby utility coal fired generating site. The patented PyGas{trademark} technology was selected via a competitive bidding process as the candidate which best fit overall DOE objectives. The paper describes the accomplishments to date.

NONE

1995-09-01

459

Construction and startup of a wood gasification pilot plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Georgia Tech embarked on the development of a pilot plant for wood gasification research in March 1979. The pilot plant gasifier was designed for a wide range of research. This includes modeling and testing of gasifier feed systems, ash extraction systems, air and steam injection systems, burners, gas cleanup equipment, waste disposal systems, and safety equipment. Potential application to be

A. D. Jape; T. F. McGowan

1982-01-01

460

System of systems engineering: Prescribing the technical development effort to engineer a constituent system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The traditional systems engineering (TSE) technical development process model (TDPM) constituent system (CS) suitability conjecture is the unproven belief within the system engineering (SE) and system of systems (SoS) communities that TSE TDPMs are suitable in prescribing the technical development effort to engineer a CS for its inaugural membership into a SoS. The resolution of the TSE TDPM CS suitability conjecture provides guidance for both SoS and CS developers by endorsing or refuting the ability of the TSE TDPMs to function in a new technical development environment (TDE). This study examines four areas of the TSE TDPM CS suitability conjecture. The first area to be examined is the character of the TSE TDPMs. The examination identifies distinguishable features and traits of the TSE TDPMs. The second area to be examined is the TDE that the TSE TDPM CS development effort must endure. The examination identifies the CS requisites for prescribing the technical development effort. The third area to be examined is the ability of the TSE TDPM to function in the CS TDE. The character of the candidate TSE TDPMs are evaluated in comparison to the CS TDE requisites. The results are analyzed to identify and then separately confirm the discrepancies within the TSE TDPMs. The fourth area to be examined is the research developed solutions to the confirmed discrepancies. Solutions to resolve each confirmed discrepancy are developed, evaluated and separately confirmed. The results of the four areas will provide sufficient evidence of proof to endorse or refute the TSE TDPM CS suitability conjecture.

Gomez, Darryl Anthony

461

Information systems security engineering: a critical component of the systems engineering lifecycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research paper is to illustrate the industrial and federal need for Information Systems Security Engineering (ISSE) in order to build Information Assurance (IA) into a system rather than the current costly practice of fixing systems after production. Extensive research was performed by collecting information from throughout the World Wide Web to include sites such as the

James F. Davis

2004-01-01

462

Liquid booster engine reuse - A recovery system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper presents the design of a recovery system for a suborbital payload of an Atlas E rocket. This program utilizes off-the-shelf and previously qualified avionics, flotation, and decelerator systems. A brief history of liquid-engine recoveries is presented first, then the system design utilizing two self-contained structurally-identical pods diametrically mounted to the thrust section is outlined. A mortar-deployed drogue and the main parachute are described, and experimental procedures are considered. Data obtained from one tricluster drop employing a cylindrical test vehicle and helicopter is analyzed, and a satisfactory load balance between the parachutes is observed.

Von Eckroth, Wulf; Rohrkaste, Gary R.; Delurgio, Phillip R.

1991-01-01

463

ENGINEERED BARRIER SYSTEM: PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to describe the evolution of the physical and chemical environmental conditions within the waste emplacement drifts of the repository, including the drip shield and waste package surfaces. The abstraction model is used in the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA LA) to assess the performance of the engineered barrier system and the waste form. This report develops and documents a set of these abstraction-level models that describe the engineered barrier system physical and chemical environment. Where possible, these models use information directly from other reports as input, which promotes integration among process models used for TSPA-LA. Specific tasks and activities of modeling the physical and chemical environment are included in ''Technical Work Plan for: Near-Field Environment and Transport In-Drift Geochemistry Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171156], Section 1.2.2). As described in the technical work plan, the development of this report is coordinated with the development of other engineered barrier system reports.

G.H. Nieder-Westermann

2005-04-07

464

ENGINEERED BARRIER SYSTEM: PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to describe the evolution of the physical and chemical environmental conditions within the waste emplacement drifts of the repository, including the drip shield and waste package surfaces. The abstraction model is used in the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA LA) to assess the performance of the engineered barrier system and the waste form. This report develops and documents a set of these abstraction-level models that describe the engineered barrier system physical and chemical environment. Where possible, these models use information directly from other reports as input, which promotes integration among process models used for TSPA-LA. Specific tasks and activities of modeling the physical and chemical environment are included in ''Technical Work Plan for: Near-Field Environment and Transport In-Drift Geochemistry Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171156], Section 1.2.2). As described in the technical work plan, the development of this report is coordinated with the development of other engineered barrier system reports.

R. Jarek

2004-11-23

465

Efficiency terms for Stirling-engine systems  

SciTech Connect

Thermal efficiencies are the primary indicators of the quality of design and performance of any energy system. However, in the case of Stirling engine systems, there is no widely accepted standard terminology in use, which would allow valid comparative evaluations to be made. Discussions with Department of Energy staff and with the Stirling machine research community have confirmed that this lack of standard terms is giving rise to severe problems in comparing the results of different research programs. To help overcome these problems, 14 efficiency terms that describe the performance of 6 combinations of the basic system components - the heat source, the engine, and the load - are proposed. The efficiency terms are defined in terms of an energy accounting flowchart, which allows individual components or the entire system to be reported consistently so that the results of various research groups may be properly compared. The appendixes contain three sets of sample calculations, two of which use test run data from an actual free-piston and a kinematic Stirling engine.

Crowley, J.L.

1983-06-01

466

Survey Report: Improving Integration of Program Management and Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

For many years, a cultural barrier has existed between practitioners of systems engineering and of program management.  Some systems engineers and program managers have developed the mindset that their work activities ar ...

Conforto, Edivandro

467

40 CFR 1037.660 - Automatic engine shutdown systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Automatic engine shutdown systems. 1037.660 Section...CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW...Provisions § 1037.660 Automatic engine shutdown systems. This section...

2014-07-01

468

Engineering the interface between cellular chassis and synthetic biological systems  

E-print Network

The aim of my thesis is to help enable the engineering of biological systems that behave in a predictable manner. Well-established techniques exist to engineer systems that behave as expected. Here, I apply such techniques ...

Canton, Bartholomew (Bartholomew John)

2008-01-01

469

Roadmap: Applied Engineering Manufacturing Systems Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Applied Engineering ­ Manufacturing Systems ­ Bachelor of Science [AT 15000 Introduction to Human Communication 3 Fulfills Kent Core Additional Kent Core Requirement 3 See #12;Roadmap: Applied Engineering ­ Manufacturing Systems ­ Bachelor of Science [AT

Sheridan, Scott

470

International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Systems Management  

E-print Network

International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Systems Management IESM'2013 October 28 Conference on Industrial Engineering and System Management, Rabat : Morocco (2013)" #12;IESM 2013, RABAT - October 30 RABAT - MOROCCO A sharing mechanism for superadditive and non-superadditive logistics

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

471

The Application of a Systems EngineeringThe Application of a Systems Engineering Process to the ReProcess to the Re--engineering of an Airengineering of an Air  

E-print Network

The Application of a Systems EngineeringThe Application of a Systems Engineering Process to the ReProcess - Process Engineering Alain Guay - Sub-System Engineering Jacques Tousignant - Systems Engineering INCOSE 98 SYMPOSIUMINCOSE 98 SYMPOSIUM Application of a Systems Engineering ProcessApplication of a Systems Engineering

Laporte, Claude Y.

472

Information Engineering and Adaptive Data Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information engineering is a rigorous architectural approach to developing and deploying applications within an enterprise. It progresses through natural stages of analysis, design and implementation with the focus on how information is organized to achieve desired objectives. NASA has undertaken the task of organizing and leveraging the vast expanse of information in the Heliophysics domain. To achieve this goal NASA has supported the SPASE modeling effort and established domain specific Virtual Observatories. We explore how this effort fits into an information engineering approach and discuss the important and relevance of data modeling, standardization and open frameworks to achieving NASA's goals. The SPASE modeling effort and independent analysis by some of the Virtual Observatories have determined that the best solution is the development of data systems that are organized based on available resources, that is, adaptive to their environment. We explore why adaptive data systems are the best choice for reducing information entropy, adding value and improving information dissemination within NASA's Heliophysics domain.

King, T. A.; Walker, R. J.; Joy, S. P.; Roberts, D. A.; Thieman, J. R.

2006-12-01

473

Cardiac tissue engineering using perfusion bioreactor systems  

PubMed Central

This protocol describes tissue engineering of synchronously contractile cardiac constructs by culturing cardiac cell populations on porous scaffolds (in some cases with an array of channels) and bioreactors with perfusion of culture medium (in some cases supplemented with an oxygen carrier). The overall approach is ‘biomimetic’ in nature as it tends to provide in vivo-like oxygen supply to cultured cells and thereby overcome inherent limitations of diffusional transport in conventional culture systems. In order to mimic the capillary network, cells are cultured on channeled elastomer scaffolds that are perfused with culture medium that can contain oxygen carriers. The overall protocol takes 2–4 weeks, including assembly of the perfusion systems, preparation of scaffolds, cell seeding and cultivation, and on-line and end-point assessment methods. This model is well suited for a wide range of cardiac tissue engineering applications, including the use of human stem cells, and high-fidelity models for biological research. PMID:18388955

Radisic, Milica; Marsano, Anna; Maidhof, Robert; Wang, Yadong; Vunjak-Novakovic, Gordana

2009-01-01

474

Co-gasification of solid waste and lignite - a case study for Western Macedonia.  

PubMed

Co-gasification of solid waste and coal is a very attractive and efficient way of generating power, but also an alternative way, apart from conventional technologies such as incineration and landfill, of treating waste materials. The technology of co-gasification can result in very clean power plants using a wide range of solid fuels but there are considerable economic and environmental challenges. The aim of this study is to present the available existing co-gasification techniques and projects for coal and solid wastes and to investigate the techno-economic feasibility, concerning the installation and operation of a 30MW(e) co-gasification power plant based on integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology, using lignite and refuse derived fuel (RDF), in the region of Western Macedonia prefecture (WMP), Greece. The gasification block was based on the British Gas-Lurgi (BGL) gasifier, while the gas clean-up block was based on cold gas purification. The competitive advantages of co-gasification systems can be defined both by the fuel feedstock and production flexibility but also by their environmentally sound operation. It also offers the benefit of commercial application of the process by-products, gasification slag and elemental sulphur. Co-gasification of coal and waste can be performed through parallel or direct gasification. Direct gasification constitutes a viable choice for installations with capacities of more than 350MW(e). Parallel gasification, without extensive treatment of produced gas, is recommended for gasifiers of small to medium size installed in regions where coal-fired power plants operate. The preliminary cost estimation indicated that the establishment of an IGCC RDF/lignite plant in the region of WMP is not profitable, due to high specific capital investment and in spite of the lower fuel supply cost. The technology of co-gasification is not mature enough and therefore high capital requirements are needed in order to set up a direct co-gasification plant. The cost of electricity estimated was not competitive, compared to the prices dominating the Greek electricity market and thus further economic evaluation is required. The project would be acceptable if modular construction of the unit was first adopted near operating power plants, based on parallel co-gasification, and gradually incorporating the remaining process steps (gas purification, power generation) with the aim of eventually establishing a true direct co-gasification plant. PMID:17631995

Koukouzas, N; Katsiadakis, A; Karlopoulos, E; Kakaras, E

2008-01-01

475

Pulse Detonation Engine Air Induction System Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A preliminary mixed-compression inlet design concept for potential pulse-detonation engine (PDE) powered supersonic aircraft was defined and analyzed. The objectives of this research were to conceptually design and integrate an inlet/PDE propulsion system into a supersonic aircraft, perform time-dependent CFD analysis of the inlet flowfield, and to estimate the installed PDE cycle performance. The study was baselined to a NASA Mach 5 Waverider study vehicle in which the baseline over/under turboramjet engines were replaced with a single flowpath PDE propulsion system. As much commonality as possible was maintained with the baseline configuration, including the engine location and forebody lines. Modifications were made to the inlet system's external ramp angles and a rotating cowl lip was incorporated to improve off-design inlet operability and performance. Engines were sized to match the baseline vehicle study's ascent trajectory thrust requirement at Mach 1.2. The majority of this study was focused on a flight Mach number of 3.0. The time-dependent Navier Stokes CFD analyses of a two-dimensional approximation of the inlet was conducted for the Mach 3.0 condition. The Lockheed Martin Tactical Aircraft Systems-developed FALCON CFD code with a two equation 'k-1' turbulence model was used. The downstream PDE was simulated by an array of four sonic nozzles in which the flow areas were rapidly varied in various opening/closing combinations. Results of the CFD study indicated that the inlet design concept operated successfully at the Mach 3.0 condition, satisfying mass capture, total pressure recovery, and operability requirements. Time-dependent analysis indicated that pressure and expansion waves from the simulated valve perturbations did not effect the inlet's operability or performance.

Pegg, R. J.; Hunter, L. G.; Couch, B. D.

1996-01-01

476

Airfoil seal system for gas turbine engine  

DOEpatents

A turbine airfoil seal system of a turbine engine having a seal base with a plurality of seal strips extending therefrom for sealing gaps between rotational airfoils and adjacent stationary components. The seal strips may overlap each other and may be generally aligned with each other. The seal strips may flex during operation to further reduce the gap between the rotational airfoils and adjacent stationary components.

Diakunchak, Ihor S.

2013-06-25

477

Systems engineering process and organization assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this report is to briefly summarize the results of an eight week assessment of NASA/MSFC Phase A and Phase B systems engineering processes, methodologies, and activities. Specifically, fourteen inconsistencies or weaknesses were identified and recommendations for corrective action were generated. A 1.5 hour briefing on these results was given in EL51 on 8-11-92; that documentation is available from the author or either NASA Colleague.

Batson, Robert G.

1992-01-01

478

INDUSTRIAL & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK 11/8//2010 RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE  

E-print Network

INDUSTRIAL & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK 11/8//2010 RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE School of Engineering Industrial & Systems Engineering #12;2 INDUSTRIAL & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING .................................................................. 1 What is Industrial and Management Engineering (IME)? ......... 1 Are you a candidate for IME

Salama, Khaled

479

Evaluation of wood chip gasification to produce reburn fuel for coal-fired boilers  

EPA Science Inventory

Gasification/reburn testing with biomass and other wastes is of interest to both the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Italian Ministry of the Environment & Territory (IMET). Gasification systems that use wastes as feedstock should provide a clean, efficient sour...

480

Evaluation of Biomass Gasification to Produce Reburning Fuel for Coal-Fired Boilers  

EPA Science Inventory

Gasification and reburning testing with biomass and other wastes is of interest to both the U.S. EPA and the Italian Ministry of the Environment & Territory. Gasification systems that use biofuels or wastes as feedstock can provide a clean, efficient source of synthesis gas and p...

481

Evaluation of wood chip gasification to produce reburrn fuel for coal-fired boilers: AWMA  

EPA Science Inventory

Gasification or reburn testing with biomass and other wastes is of interest to both the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Italian Ministry of the Environment & Territory (IMET). Gasification systems that use wastes as feedstock should provide a clean, efficient s...

482

Surface Gasification Materials Program. Semiannual progress report for the period ending March 31, 1984  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the Surface Gasification Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for application to the specific needs of coal gasification systems. One of the goals of the program is to evaluate innovative fabrication methods which have the potential to lower costs and improve reliability and safety for gasifier vessels and components. Another goal is to

1984-01-01

483

Surface Gasification Materials Program. Semiannual progress report for the period ending March 31, 1985  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the Surface Gasification Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for application to the specific needs of coal gasification systems. One of the goals of the program is to evaluate innovative fabrication methods which have the potential to lower costs and improve reliability and safety for gasifier vessels and components. Another goal is to

1985-01-01

484

Spacecraft systems engineering: An introduction to the process at GSFC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The main objective in systems engineering is to devise a coherent total system design capable of achieving the stated requirements. Requirements should be rigid. However, they should be continuously challenged, rechallenged and/or validated. The systems engineer must specify every requirement in order to design, document, implement and conduct the mission. Each and every requirement must be logically considered, traceable and evaluated through various analysis and trade studies in a total systems design. Margins must be determined to be realistic as well as adequate. The systems engineer must also continuously close the loop and verify system performance against the requirements. The fundamental role of the systems engineer, however, is to engineer, not manage. Yet, in large, complex missions, where more than one systems engineer is required, someone needs to manage the systems engineers, and we call them 'systems managers.' Systems engineering management is an overview function which plans, guides, monitors and controls the technical execution of a project as implemented by the systems engineers. As the project moves on through Phases A and B into Phase C/D, the systems engineering tasks become a small portion of the total effort. The systems management role increases since discipline subsystem engineers are conducting analyses and reviewing test data for final review and acceptance by the systems managers.

Fragomeni, Tony; Ryschkewitsch, Michael G.

1993-01-01

485

Qualitative models for space system engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of this project were: (1) to investigate the implications of qualitative modeling techniques for problems arising in the monitoring, diagnosis, and design of Space Station subsystems and procedures; (2) to identify t