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Sample records for ged test credential

  1. GED Testing Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GED Testing Service, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This GED Testing fact sheet provides information on: (1) GED[R] Tests; (2) Versions and Editions of the GED Tests; (3) Earning a Credential; (4) GED Testing Service[R]; (5) History of the GED Tests; (6) Who Accepts the GED Credential; (7) Public/Private Partnership of GEDTS; (8) Renowned GED Credential Recipients; (9) GED Testing Numbers for 2008;…

  2. Economic and Noneconomic Outcomes for GED[R] Credential Recipients. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2008-2. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Wei; Hsu, Yung-chen

    2008-01-01

    The General Educational Development (GED) Tests are widely used to certify a high school level of academic knowledge and skills. The popularity and profound influence of the GED Tests have elicited numerous studies on the outcomes of obtaining a GED credential. Most studies on labor market outcomes for GED credential recipients have targeted…

  3. Young GED[R] Credential Recipients in the 21st Century: A Snapshot from NLSY97

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Wei; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2011-01-01

    Ever since achieving a high school credential by passing the GED Tests became widely institutionalized through the adult education programs in the United States, the outcomes for GED credential recipients have continued to be of great interest to the adult education community and the general public. Does earning a GED credential bring positive…

  4. General Education Development (GED®) Credential Attainment, Externalizing Disorders, and Substance Use Disorders in Disconnected Emerging Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergman, Andrea; Kong, Grace; Pope, Alice

    2014-01-01

    There are many benefits for emerging adults, both financial and personal, in obtaining a General Education Development (GED®) credential (Ou, 2008). However, little is known about the correlates of GED® credential attainment in "disconnected" emerging adults attending GED® programs. Our goal was to examine whether externalizing…

  5. The GED Testing Program Policies and Centers. Policies of State-Level Departments of Education Official GED Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on Education, Washington, DC. General Educational Development Testing Service.

    The guide is designed to provide the user with complete information regarding the operation of the general education (GED) testing program on a State by State basis. Information regarding requirements for issuance of credentials, minimum age for testing, requirements for retesting, method of applying, official transcripts, fees, the name and…

  6. Journeys through College: Postsecondary Transitions and Outcomes of GED[R] Test Passers. Follow-Up Report, Crossing the Bridge, Year Two

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guison-Dowdy, Anne; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2011-01-01

    Since the 1990s, a wealth of literature has compared the benefits of having a GED[R] test credential versus a traditional high school diploma or no high school credential, with an early emphasis on economic impact. One advantage of passing the GED test lies in its ability to open doors to the postsecondary system. Nearly two-thirds of U.S.…

  7. Type of High-School Credentials and Older Age ADL and IADL Limitations: Is the GED Credential Equivalent to a Diploma?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Sze Yan; Chavan, Niraj R.; Glymour, M. Maria

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Educational attainment is a robust predictor of disability in elderly Americans: older adults with high-school (HS) diplomas have substantially lower disability than individuals who did not complete HS. General Educational Development (GED) diplomas now comprise almost 20% of new HS credentials issued annually in the United States but it…

  8. Promoting Health Literacy through GED Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golbeck, Amanda L.; LaBonty, Jan; Paschal, Angelia M.; Harris, Margaret; Ryan, Kerry E.; Molgaard, Craig A.

    2010-01-01

    Using the World Health Organization definition of health for reference and a diverse group of raters, we sought to determine the following about the 931 questions that comprise the seven English pencil-and-paper versions of U.S. GED Official Practice Tests: (a) the prevalence of health-related questions and (b) representation of the eight U.S.…

  9. Transitioning the GED[R] Mathematics Test to Computer with and without Accommodations: A Pilot Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker; Higgins, Jennifer; Bozman, Martha; Katz, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We conducted a pilot study to see how the GED Mathematics Test could be administered on computer with embedded accessibility tools. We examined test scores and test-taker experience. Nineteen GED test centers across five states and 216 randomly assigned GED Tests candidates participated in the project. GED candidates completed two GED mathematics…

  10. Transitioning the GED[R] Mathematics Test to Computer with and without Accommodations: A Pilot Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker; Higgins, Jennifer; Bozman, Martha; Katz, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We conducted a pilot study to see how the GED Mathematics Test could be administered on computer with embedded accessibility tools. We examined test scores and test-taker experience. Nineteen GED test centers across five states and 216 randomly assigned GED Tests candidates participated in the project. GED candidates completed two GED mathematics…

  11. Preparation for and Performance on the GED[R] Test. GED Testing Service[R] Research Study, 2009-2. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, Joseph W.; Skaggs, Gary; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2009-01-01

    GED (General Educational Development) testing candidates have many options available to them to prepare for the GED Test, including adult education (AE) classes, practice tests, and self-study. This study focused on candidates who voluntarily took the GED Test and could choose freely among preparation activities. We examined GED Test preparation…

  12. Repeat GED[R] Tests Examinees: Who Persists and Who Passes? GED Testing Service [R]Research Studies, 2010-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Jizhi; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2010-01-01

    Like most high-stakes testing programs, the GED[R] testing program allows examinees who do not pass on the first attempt to retake the GED Tests. Studies and reports have described GED Tests candidates' characteristics and testing performance, but no study has targeted repeat examinees. A series of questions related to repeat examinees remains…

  13. The GED Writing Skills Test Essay Teacher Training Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coombs, Lucinda H.

    This training manual contains background information about the 1988 General Educational Development (GED) test, ideas for teaching and assessing writing to prepare students for the test, and samples of classroom materials teachers can use. Sections include information on the following: the writing process; student writing; managing the…

  14. Reliability Analysis for the Internationally Administered 2002 Series GED Tests. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzer, J. Carl; He, Yi

    2009-01-01

    Reliability Analysis for the Internationally Administered 2002 Series GED (General Educational Development) Tests Reliability refers to the consistency, or stability, of test scores when the authors administer the measurement procedure repeatedly to groups of examinees (American Educational Research Association [AERA], American Psychological…

  15. GED Test Preparation: Practical Reading. Nutrition, Health, Recipes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Deborah

    These instructional materials provide reading materials, recipes, and exercises to help students prepare for the practical reading section of the General Educational Development (GED) Tests. The passages can also help students learn and practice some important life skills in the areas of nutrition and food safety. Basic skill improvement is in…

  16. GED Test Preparation: Practical Reading. Nutrition, Health, Recipes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Deborah

    These instructional materials provide reading materials, recipes, and exercises to help students prepare for the practical reading section of the General Educational Development (GED) Tests. The passages can also help students learn and practice some important life skills in the areas of nutrition and food safety. Basic skill improvement is in…

  17. Measurement of High School Equivalency Credentials in Census Bureau Surveys. SEHSD Working Paper Number 2012-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crissey, Sarah R.; Bauman, Kurt J.

    2012-01-01

    The Census Bureau has historically grouped high school diploma holders along with those who hold "high school equivalent" credentials. Among these is the credential earned through successfully passing the General Education Development (GED) test. Interest in identifying those with GEDs has recently increased, in part from debate within the…

  18. The GED. NBER Working Paper No. 16064

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heckman, James J.; Humphries, John Eric; Mader, Nicholas S.

    2010-01-01

    The General Educational Development (GED) credential is issued on the basis of an eight hour subject-based test. The test claims to establish equivalence between dropouts and traditional high school graduates, opening the door to college and positions in the labor market. In 2008 alone, almost 500,000 dropouts passed the test, amounting to 12% of…

  19. Examining the Feasibility and Effect of Transitioning GED Tests to Computer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higgins, Jennifer; Patterson, Margaret Becker; Bozman, Martha; Katz, Michael

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the feasibility of administering GED Tests using a computer based testing system with embedded accessibility tools and the impact on test scores and test-taker experience when GED Tests are transitioned from paper to computer. Nineteen test centers across five states successfully installed the computer based testing program,…

  20. Test Standards and Credentialing Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linn, Robert L.

    1986-01-01

    Three professional associations, the American Educational Research Association, the American Psychological Association, and the National Council on Measurement in Education, jointly adopted the new "Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing" in 1985. The relationship of these to earlier standards is reviewed, and implications for…

  1. Colorado GED Study. How Colorado Graduates Benefit from Passing the GED Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lance, Keith Curry

    In 1996, follow-up questionnaires were mailed to a racially and ethnically stratified sample of 328 Coloradans who had earned General Educational Development (GED) diplomas in October-December 1995. Although responses were received from 235 (70%) of those surveyed, the response rates for African-Americans and Asian/Pacific Islanders were too low…

  2. Taking the Easy Way Out: How the GED Testing Program Induces Students to Drop Out. NBER Working Paper No. 14044

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heckman, James J.; LaFontaine, Paul A.; Rodriguez, Pedro L.

    2008-01-01

    We exploit an exogenous increase in General Educational Development (GED) testing requirements to determine whether raising the difficulty of the test causes students to finish high school rather than drop out and GED certify. We find that a six point decrease in GED pass rates induces a 1.3 point decline in overall dropout rates. The effect size…

  3. High School Credentialing in Wisconsin. Forum: Responding to Changes in High School Equivalency Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Panzer, Willa; Johnson, Mark; Lewis, Beth

    2015-01-01

    Wisconsinites interested in pursuing a high school credential rely on the unique collaboration between the State GED Administrator at the Wisconsin Department of Instruction (DPI), the State Director of Adult Basic Education (ABE) and staff of the Wisconsin Technical College System (WTCS), and the many providers of instruction throughout the…

  4. Written Expression Test: Spanish G.E.D. Curriculum Guide = Plan de estudios examen de expresion escrita G.E.D. en Espanol.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clackamas Community Coll., Oregon City, OR.

    This curriculum guide, almost entirely in Spanish, outlines adult basic education course content to be taught in a Spanish-language high school equivalency program. The course is designed to help students prepare for the General Educational Development (G.E.D.) exam in written expression. The guide begins with a Spanish skills placement test.…

  5. The Writing Skills Workbook--In Preparation for the GED Test. Test I: The Writing Skills Test. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Marilyn; And Others

    Intended for students preparing for the General Educational Development (GED) test, this workbook enables them to complete lessons in writing and spelling skills and to take the simulated writing skills tests. The first section contains worksheets on basic writing skills, such as sentence structure, capitalization, and punctuation and the use of…

  6. GED Items. Volume 5, Numbers 1-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GED Items, 1988

    1988-01-01

    The first of six issues of the GED Items Newsletter publishied in 1988 contains articles on General Educational Development (GED) mathematics instruction, suggestions for teaching writing, and public relations and marketing. Issue 2 has articles on GED science instruction, GED for Marines, holistic scoring, and a review of the new GED tests.…

  7. Taking the Easy Way Out: How the GED Testing Program Induces Students to Drop Out

    PubMed Central

    Heckman, James J.; Humphries, John Eric; LaFontaine, Paul A.; Rodríguez, Pedro L.

    2011-01-01

    The option to obtain a General Education Development (GED) certificate changes the incentives facing high school students. This paper evaluates the effect of three different GED policy innovations on high school graduation rates. A six point decrease in the GED pass rate due to an increase in passing standards produced a 1.3 point decline in overall dropout rates. The introduction of a GED certification program in high schools in Oregon produced a four percent decrease in graduation rates. Introduction of GED certificates in California increased dropout rates by 3 points. The GED program induces high school students to drop out. PMID:24634564

  8. GED as Project: Pathways to Passing the GED. Volume 4: Language Arts, Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA. Workforce Improvement Network.

    This guide presents writing-focused learning projects and accompanying inquiry activities to help students pass the language arts/writing portion of the General Education Development(GED) Test 2002. The Introduction relates GED as project to the writing portion of the GED and explains how inquiry activities used Official GED Reading Practice Test…

  9. GED as Project: Pathways to Passing the GED. Volume 3: Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA. Workforce Improvement Network.

    This guide presents reading-focused learning projects and accompanying inquiry activities to help students pass the language arts/reading portion of the General Education Development (GED) Test 2002. Section 1 relates GED as project to the reading portion of the GED and explains how inquiry activities used Official GED Reading Practice Test…

  10. Mathematics: Algebra and Geometry. GED Scoreboost.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoyt, Cathy

    GED "Scoreboost" materials target exactly the skills one needs to pass the General Educational Development (GED) tests. This book focuses on the GED Mathematics test. To prepare for the test, the test taker needs to learn skills in number and operation sense, data and statistics, geometry and measurement, and algebra. To pass the test, the test…

  11. Who Benefits from a GED? Evidence for Females from "High School and Beyond."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.

    2003-01-01

    Examines labor-market value of the General Educational Development (GED) credential for females. Finds that among females who dropped out of high school with weak basic math skills, those with a GED have accumulated more work experience and have higher labor-market earning in their mid-20s than have observationally similar dropouts lacking the GED

  12. An Analysis of Calculator Use and Strategy Selection by Prison Inmates Taking the Official GED Practice Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stahl, Nathaniel

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this study was to determine whether adult students incarcerated at a large correctional facility in New England use the provided scientific calculator appropriately when taking the Official GED Practice Test in mathematics. 13 students were interviewed after taking a practice test and asked for their strategy for solving each problem.…

  13. An Analysis of Calculator Use and Strategy Selection by Prison Inmates Taking the Official GED Practice Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stahl, Nathaniel

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this study was to determine whether adult students incarcerated at a large correctional facility in New England use the provided scientific calculator appropriately when taking the Official GED Practice Test in mathematics. 13 students were interviewed after taking a practice test and asked for their strategy for solving each problem.…

  14. Repatriating the GED: Urban Youth and the Alternative to a High School Diploma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Eve

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses competing perspectives on the value of the General Educational Development (GED) credential. Although scholars and journalists debate the worth of the credential, urban youth continue to pursue the GED, especially as proxy for inadequate schooling. Using qualitative data from a participatory action research project, the…

  15. An Analysis of Rural and Urban Pennsylvania Adults Taking, Completing and Passing the GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Horn, Barbara L.; Kassab, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    Dropping out of high school seriously impacts an individual's job opportunities, income potential and employment stability. To minimize those risks, individuals can earn a General Educational Development (GED) credential. Researchers have studied the impact of obtaining a GED on candidates' lives and found that the credential affects their…

  16. Repatriating the GED: Urban Youth and the Alternative to a High School Diploma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Eve

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses competing perspectives on the value of the General Educational Development (GED) credential. Although scholars and journalists debate the worth of the credential, urban youth continue to pursue the GED, especially as proxy for inadequate schooling. Using qualitative data from a participatory action research project, the…

  17. A Career Approach to GED Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MDRC, 2015

    2015-01-01

    Nearly 39 million adults in the United States lack a valid high school credential and face a significant barrier to both higher education and employment opportunities. High school equivalency exams, primarily the General Educational Development (GED) exam, are the primary gateway to college for high school dropouts, but relatively few people are…

  18. Enhancing GED Instruction to Prepare Students for College and Careers: Early Success in LaGuardia Community College's Bridge to Health and Business Program. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Vanessa; Broadus, Joseph

    2013-01-01

    Nationwide, close to 40 million adults lack a high school diploma or a General Educational Development (GED) credential. About a quarter of high school freshmen do not graduate in four years, and while many high school dropouts eventually do attend GED preparation classes, too few ever pass the GED exam or go on to college. Students with only a…

  19. Thinking Skills: Graphic Skills for Social Studies and Science. GED Scoreboost.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castellucci, Marion

    GED "Scoreboost" materials target exactly the skills one needs to pass the General Educational Development (GED) tests. This book focuses on the graphics skills needed for the GED Social Studies and Science tests. Those who take the GED Social Studies and Science tests will need to be able to interpret tables and charts, graphs, drawings and other…

  20. Follow-up Study of 1989 GED Recipients in Wisconsin. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Elisabeth

    A study investigated the occupational, educational, personal, and social benefits of obtaining the General Educational Development (GED) credential for Wisconsin GED recipients. It examined differences in the benefits experienced and factors that affected the nature and extent of these benefits. A questionnaire was mailed to 1,028 individuals who…

  1. GED, HiSET and TASC: A Comparison of High School Equivalency Assessments. ECS Education Trends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zinth, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Until January 2014, the General Educational Development (GED) was the only option for youth and adults lacking a high school diploma, but needing a high school credential to pursue employment opportunities or postsecondary education. However, in January 2014, some states began administering one or both alternatives to the GED--the Educational…

  2. From GED to College Degree: Creating Pathways to Postsecondary Success for High School Dropouts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garvey, John

    2011-01-01

    For many years, the General Educational Development (GED) credential has been viewed as the high school dropout's safety net. Though not as well regarded as the high school diploma, the GED has opened up educational and economic opportunity for millions of young people and adults who did not finish high school. Nearly 680,000 people take the full…

  3. The GED Exit Option Model. Procedure Manual. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Bureau of Instructional Support and Community Services.

    The purpose of this document is to assist Florida school districts in implementing the General Educational Development (GED) Exit Option Model for students at risk of not completing high school. Students must be at least 16 years of age and currently enrolled in high school to take the GED tests through the GED Exit Option Model. In addition, the…

  4. Repeat Testing Effects on Credentialing Exams: Are Repeaters Misinformed or Uninformed?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feinberg, Richard A.; Raymond, Mark R.; Haist, Steven A.

    2015-01-01

    To mitigate security concerns and unfair score gains, credentialing programs routinely administer new test material to examinees retesting after an initial failing attempt. Counterintuitively, a small but growing body of recent research suggests that repeating the identical form does not create an unfair advantage. This study builds upon and…

  5. The 1987 GED Statistical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Messersmith, David; And Others

    During 1987, a total of 758,367 people (3 percent more than in 1986) took the General Educational Development (GED) tests at 3,314 testing locations. Of these, 511,973 earned scores qualifying them for equivalency credit. Thus, approximately 74 percent of the examinees who completed the test battery in 1987 earned scores that were sufficient to…

  6. Inspired Start: Experiences of Adult Students Confronting the Ged Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKay, Pilar Erin

    2013-01-01

    Options are limited to gaining a high school equivalency for dropouts. The General Education Development (GED) exam provides people who have left school one way of gaining their secondary school credential. Employing the use of in-depth interviews, auto-ethnography, and participant observation, this study reports the descriptive findings of twelve…

  7. Inspired Start: Experiences of Adult Students Confronting the Ged Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKay, Pilar Erin

    2013-01-01

    Options are limited to gaining a high school equivalency for dropouts. The General Education Development (GED) exam provides people who have left school one way of gaining their secondary school credential. Employing the use of in-depth interviews, auto-ethnography, and participant observation, this study reports the descriptive findings of twelve…

  8. GED Recipients in Postsecondary Education: A Rural-Urban Analysis of Pennsylvania FAFSA Applicants' Educational, Demographic, and Financial Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prins, Esther; Kassab, Cathy

    2015-01-01

    Transitions to postsecondary education for GED graduates are a growing concern for educators and policy makers. This article analyzes the educational, demographic, and financial characteristics of Pennsylvania postsecondary students with a GED credential compared with traditional high school graduates, and identifies rural-urban differences within…

  9. Impact of Test Design, Item Quality, and Item Bank Size on the Psychometric Properties of Computer-Based Credentialing Examinations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xing, Dehui; Hambleton, Ronald K.

    2004-01-01

    Computer-based testing by credentialing agencies has become common; however, selecting a test design is difficult because several good ones are available - parallel forms, computer adaptive (CAT), and multistage (MST). In this study, three computer-based test designs under some common examination conditions were investigated. Item bank size and…

  10. Study of the CASAS Relationship to GED 2002. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (NJ1), 2003

    2003-01-01

    CASAS, in cooperation with the CASAS National Consortium Policy Council, conducted a study to provide guidance to program and instructional staff regarding student readiness to take the GED Tests. The study looked at the relationship of CASAS reading and math scores to official 2002 GED test results from five states--California, Hawaii, Iowa,…

  11. Schooling, Study, and Academic Goals: The Education of GED Candidates. GED Profiles: Adults in Transition, No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, Janet

    1991-01-01

    A fall 1989 nationwide survey of General Educational Development (GED) Tests candidates examined schooling experiences, study patterns, and educational plans. Findings indicated the GED Tests attracted more young adults than older adults, more older women than older men, and equal numbers of young adult men and women. Seven percent of candidates,…

  12. As a Path to a Degree, the GED Is Rerouted with Students' Needs in Mind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sieben, Lauren

    2011-01-01

    Many community colleges, along with some public-school districts and family-literacy programs, are overhauling their GED curricula and support services. Nearly 40 million American adults do not have high-school or GED diplomas, according to 2009 data from the American Council on Education, which developed the GED test. Another of the council's…

  13. As a Path to a Degree, the GED Is Rerouted with Students' Needs in Mind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sieben, Lauren

    2011-01-01

    Many community colleges, along with some public-school districts and family-literacy programs, are overhauling their GED curricula and support services. Nearly 40 million American adults do not have high-school or GED diplomas, according to 2009 data from the American Council on Education, which developed the GED test. Another of the council's…

  14. Academic Rigor and Economic Value: GED[R] and High School Students' Perceptions and Misperceptions of the GED[R] vs. the High School Diploma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horne, Lela M.; Rachal, John R.; Shelley, Kyna

    2012-01-01

    A mixed methods framework utilized quantitative and qualitative data to determine whether statistically significant differences existed between high school and GED[R] student perceptions of credential value. An exploratory factor analysis (n=326) extracted four factors and then a MANOVA procedure was performed with a stratified quota sample…

  15. Comparison of the Psychometric Properties of Several Computer-Based Test Designs for Credentialing Exams with Multiple Purposes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jodoin, Michael G.; Zenisky, April; Hambleton, Ronald K.

    2006-01-01

    Many credentialing agencies today are either administering their examinations by computer or are likely to be doing so in the coming years. Unfortunately, although several promising computer-based test designs are available, little is known about how well they function in examination settings. The goal of this study was to compare fixed-length…

  16. GED Program on Campus Works.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckett, Gene

    The General Educational Development (GED) program at Shawnee State Community College originated from a request by the local Private Industry Council to design and implement a course of study for economically disadvantaged adults who desire to prepare to take the GED exam and who meet eligibility requirements. The program, which evolved within the…

  17. The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED[R] Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates. GED Testing Service[R] Research Study, 2008-1. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Yung-chen

    2008-01-01

    Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study…

  18. The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates. GED Testing Service[TM] Research Studies, 2008-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Yung-chen

    2008-01-01

    Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study…

  19. GED as Project: Pathways to Passing the GED. Volume 2: Math.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA. Workforce Improvement Network.

    This guide presents math-focused learning projects and accompanying inquiry activities to help students pass the math portion of the GED 2002. It is Volume 2 of a proposed four-volume series; Volume 1 describing the concept of the GED as project is also available. Section 1 relates GED as project to the math portion of the GED and explains how…

  20. Math as a Proxy for Post-Secondary Persistence among GEDs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bouchard, John G.

    2013-01-01

    This is a study of the statistical difference in post-secondary attendance between high school graduates and 16-to 18-year-old GED recipients controlling for parental socioeconomic status, 10th grade test scores in math, and the number of high school math classes taken. Although GEDs can be the cognitive equivalents of high school graduates, they…

  1. Tougher Exam for GED Spurs Ups and Downs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2004-01-01

    Participation in the GED testing program plunged by nearly 44 percent during the most recent recorded year, a drop-off that the exam's sponsor attributes to an earlier rush by teenagers and adults to secure high school diplomas through the test before its minimum passing scores were raised. The overall number of teenagers and adults who took the…

  2. Tougher Exam for GED Spurs Ups and Downs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2004-01-01

    Participation in the GED testing program plunged by nearly 44 percent during the most recent recorded year, a drop-off that the exam's sponsor attributes to an earlier rush by teenagers and adults to secure high school diplomas through the test before its minimum passing scores were raised. The overall number of teenagers and adults who took the…

  3. Competence without Credentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stacey, Nevzer G., Ed.

    These workshop papers address the challenges of alternative credentials, new modes of instruction, and multiple sources of instruction. Following an introduction by Nevzer G. Stacey, "Competence without Credentials: Promise and Potential Problems of Computer-Based Distance Education" (Stephen R. Barley) provides a conceptual framework for the…

  4. Beyond the GED: Making Conscious Choices about the GED and Your Future. Lesson Plans and Materials for the GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fass, Sara; Garner, Barbara; Barry, Eileen

    2006-01-01

    Newly revised to include new data and information on the Internet, this guide for GED instructors offers lesson plans and helps teachers develop as professionals. It also gives adult learners an opportunity to practice writing, use graphs, read charts, and analyze research findings on the economic impact of the GED. The original version of this…

  5. GED Revision Opens Path to Higher Ed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gewertz, Catherine

    2011-01-01

    The General Educational Development program, or GED, is undergoing the biggest revamping in its 69-year history, driven by mounting recognition that young adults' future success depends on getting more than a high-school-level education. Potent forces have converged to stoke the GED's redesign. A labor market that increasingly seeks some…

  6. Science in the General Educational Development (GED) curriculum: Analyzing the science portion of GED programs and exploring adult students' attitudes toward science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hariharan, Joya Reena

    The General Educational Development (GED) tests enable people to earn a high school equivalency diploma and help them to qualify for more jobs and opportunities. Apart from this main goal, GED courses aim at enabling adults to improve the condition of their lives and to cope with a changing society. In today's world, science and technology play an exceedingly important role in helping people better their lives and in promoting the national goals of informed citizenship. Despite the current efforts in the field of secondary science education directed towards scientific literacy and the concept of "Science for all Americans", the literature does not reflect any corresponding efforts in the field of adult education. Science education research appears to have neglected a population that could possibly benefit from it. The purpose of this study is to explore: the science component of GED programs, significant features of the science portion of GED curricula and GED science materials, and adult learners' attitudes toward various aspects of science. Data collection methods included interviews with GED students and instructors, content analysis of relevant materials, and classroom observations. Data indicate that the students in general feel that the science they learn should be relevant to their lives and have direct applications in everyday life. Student understanding of science and interest in it appears to be contingent to their perceiving it as relevant to their lives and to society. Findings indicate that the instructional approaches used in GED programs influence students' perceptions about the relevance of science. Students in sites that use strategies such as group discussions and field trips appear to be more aware of science in the world around them and more enthusiastic about increasing this awareness. However, the dominant strategy in most GED programs is individual reading. The educational strategies used in GED programs generally focus on developing reading skills rather than the internalization of knowledge or influencing attitudes. An interesting finding is that GED science materials do attend to the relevance of science in everyday life but students' appreciation of this depends on the strategies employed.

  7. Comparison of College Performance of General Educational Development (GED) and High School Diploma Students in Nova Scotia and PEI. Now and Tomorrow Excellence in Everything We Do. SP-978-01-11E

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penner, Audrey J.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify differences in performance if any, between learners with a high school diploma, and those with a GED credential, at two postsecondary institutions, Holland College on Prince Edward Island (PEI) and Nova Scotia Community College in Nova Scotia (NS). Of interest is how these adults perform in a postsecondary…

  8. CTE Credentialing Certifies Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reese, Susan

    2011-01-01

    According to "Webster's Dictionary", a credential is something that gives a title to credit or confidence. The certificates and diplomas earned in career and technical education (CTE) are providing students with both the credits to help them find success in the workplace or in further education, as well as the confidence of knowing they have the…

  9. GED Preparation through Distance Learning in Rural Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gungor, Ramazan; Kassab, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the types, use, and effectiveness of distance learning (DL) for General Education Development (GED) candidates in rural Pennsylvania. The research goal was to provide information for enhancing DL GED study options. Specifically, the study, which was conducted in 2009-2010, sought to: identify the types and use of GED

  10. A Portrait of an Effective GED Teacher: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wade, Joyce Dee Gibbons

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study embraces the pedagogy that effective General Education Development (GED) teachers can enhance students' academic learning. The study explores what makes an effective GED teacher, such as attributes and instructional strategies. Three methodologies are used: 1) two ninety minute interviews with GED teacher using…

  11. GED Items. Volume 4, Numbers 1-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GED Items, 1987

    1987-01-01

    The first of six issues of the GED Items newsletter published in 1987 contains articles on one company's approach to literacy in the workplace, General Educational Development (GED) teacher training videotapes, and a process model for improving thinking skills. Articles in issue 2 address military recruiting, synthesis thinking skills, and GED in…

  12. Credentialing for radiology

    PubMed Central

    Street, M; Thomson, KR

    2008-01-01

    Patients expect to receive safe, predictable and high-quality care delivered by competent professionals. Thus, it has become important to provide specific training in existing and new modalities and prove on-going clinical expertise. Hospital credentialing is the process by which the competence of a doctor is determined by the hospital management. In Australia, radiologists participate in a mandatory program of continuing professional development and are also required to maintain a logbook of procedures. The Conjoint Committee for the Recognition of Training in Peripheral Endovascular Therapy has been established to advise the respective subspecialty groups on the requirements for accreditation. This article examines some of the issues the committee has considered in preparing the criteria to assist institutions for the purposes of credentialing and gives an Australian perspective on future trends. PMID:21614307

  13. The Lived Experiences of GED (RTM) Students: What Do Their Experiences Tell Us?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snider, Susan Lynn

    2010-01-01

    The General Educational Development (GED[R]) Tests, established in 1945, helped determine soldiers' high school qualifications for the workforce, as they returned home from WWII. Because many soldiers dropped out of school to join the military, achieving a certain score on the test was a way for them to demonstrate that they had attained high…

  14. An Analysis of Correctional Education GED Essays.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monahan, Michael P.; Schumacker, Randall E.

    Three judges rated General Educational Development (GED) student essays that had been written by nine incarcerated youths. If judge's ratings were not consistent, students would receive a biased average rating. Traditional classical measurement theory computes an intraclass reliability coefficient to determine if judges' ratings are reliable. In…

  15. G.E.D. in 3 Voices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, C. Amelia

    2012-01-01

    In this piece, the author experiments with re-presenting particular stories through poetic texts that contextualize and honor difference in experience between GED students and instructors. These poetic re-presentations stem from an ongoing study that explores (a) adult basic education instructors' perceptions of their pedagogy and interaction with…

  16. Status and Significance of Credentialing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musgrave, Dorothea

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the current status, significance, and future of credentialing in the field of environmental health. Also discusses four phases of a Bureau of Health Professions (BHP) Credentialing Program and BHP-funded projects related to their development and implementation. Phases include role delineation, resources development, examination…

  17. Credentialing for carotid artery stenting.

    PubMed

    Schneider, Darren B; Rapp, Joseph H

    2005-06-01

    Endovascular treatment of cervical carotid artery stenosis is a rapidly expanding area of clinical competence, and physicians from various subspecialties are already performing carotid artery stenting. As a result of the diverse specialty backgrounds of physicians performing carotid artery stenting, consensus regarding the establishment of credentialing standards remains elusive. In the following manuscript we review the physician credentialing process, published data, and national society position statements applicable to carotid artery stenting. PMID:16110377

  18. Second Chances. The Value of Adult Education and the GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Mike

    2013-01-01

    This is an excerpt from "Back to School: Why Everyone Deserves a Second Chance at Education" (The New Press, 2012). It concludes that GED programs need more resources, not less. The programs tend to be populated by low-to-modest income people who failed school the first time around and now are considered less worthy of investment. GED

  19. Distance Learning for GED[R] Students in Rural Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gungor, Ramazan; Kassab, Cathy

    2012-01-01

    Although many adult basic education programs offer distance learning (DL) for GED (General Educational Development) and English as a Second Language learners, this topic has received little scholarly attention. This article examines the availability, usage, and effectiveness of DL for rural GED candidates in Pennsylvania; students' demographic and…

  20. From GED to College: Age Trajectories of Nontraditional Educational Paths

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maralani, Vida

    2011-01-01

    Age patterns of secondary certification and college entry differ in complex and surprising ways for traditional graduates and GED recipients. Although GED recipients are less likely to enter college in their late teens, they catch up to traditional graduates in their 20s. Results show that adjusting for differences in the age trajectories of…

  1. Estimating the Labor Market Signaling Value of the GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.

    2000-01-01

    While many previous studies have examined the economic impact of the General Educational Development (GED) on labor market outcomes, the results from these studies are all based on regression analyses that employ questionable comparison groups. As a result, all previous studies of the economic impact of the GED likely suffer from "selectivity…

  2. Desire: A Key Factor for Successful Online GED Adult Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Donita; Tham, Yuen San Sarah; Hogle, Julie; Koch, Jody

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the experiences of 12 adult online General Educational Development (GED) students to determine the role of program and personal factors that influenced their successful passing of the GED or their dropping-out of the program. Through surveys and interviews, we discovered that desire was the key factor for…

  3. Emotional Maturity of Adolescents and Adults in GED Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riffle, Billy Joe

    2010-01-01

    When discussing issues relating to students in General Educational Development (GED) Option and pre-GED programs with educators, the contention exists that it is possible to make reasonably accurate predictions on the success or failure of a student by observing a number of items. Looking at their cumulative records shows their academic and…

  4. G.E.D. Graduate Study. We're Making Tomorrow: Adult Basic Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moraine Valley Community College., Palos Hills, IL. Office of Institutional Research.

    In spring 1982, Moraine Valley Community College (MVCC) surveyed recent General Educational Development (GED) graduates to determine their demographic characteristics, opinions about MVCC's GED program, and the impact of receiving the GED on graduates' lives. Survey instruments were mailed to 321 graduates who had received their GED within the…

  5. Predicting GED Scores on the Bases of Expectancy, Valence, Intelligence, and Pretest Skill Levels with the Disadvantaged.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Ray T.; Davies, Jon A.

    1984-01-01

    Prediction of General Educational Development (GED) scores from motivational variables derived from Vroom's expectancy-valence theorem was hypothesized. The Tests of Adult Basic Education score, General Aptitude Test Battery score, MD1 expectancy subscale score, and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory defensiveness score accounted for…

  6. Elements of Success: How Type of Secondary Education Credential Helps Predict Enlistee Attrition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkhauser, Susan; Hanser, Lawrence M.; Hardison, Chaitra M.

    2014-01-01

    The U.S. military services have traditionally used a tiering system, including education credentials such as high school diplomas, in combination with Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) scores to help gauge the likelihood of a recruit persevering through his or her first term of service. But what about less traditional credentials, such as…

  7. Elements of Success: How Type of Secondary Education Credential Helps Predict Enlistee Attrition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkhauser, Susan; Hanser, Lawrence M.; Hardison, Chaitra M.

    2014-01-01

    The U.S. military services have traditionally used a tiering system, including education credentials such as high school diplomas, in combination with Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) scores to help gauge the likelihood of a recruit persevering through his or her first term of service. But what about less traditional credentials, such as…

  8. Voluntary Professional Credentialing Programs. A Resource Handbook for Continuing Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanniford, Barbara, Ed.

    This handbook describes 77 voluntary programs offering professional credentialing for people in a wide range of professional and occupational fields. Each description lists credentials, organization offering credentials, initial credentialing requirements, credential renewal requirements (if any), continuing education approval process, and other…

  9. The role of optics in secure credentials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lichtenstein, Terri L.

    2006-02-01

    The global need for secure ID credentials has grown rapidly over the last few years. This is evident both in government and commercial sectors. Governmental programs include national ID card programs, permanent resident cards for noncitizens, biometric visas or border crossing cards, foreign worker ID programs and secure vehicle registration programs. The commercial need for secure credentials includes secure banking and financial services, security and access control systems and digital healthcare record cards. All of these programs necessitate the use of multiple tamper and counterfeit resistant features for credential authentication and cardholder verification. It is generally accepted that a secure credential should include a combination of overt, covert and forensic security features. The LaserCard optical memory card is a proven example of a secure credential that uses a variety of optical features to enhance its counterfeit resistance and reliability. This paper will review those features and how they interact to create a better credential.

  10. Comparative Analysis of GED Completion and APL Attainment in West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prey, Phillip O.

    A study compared General Equivalency Development (GED) program completion and Adult Performance Level (APL) attainment in West Virginia. During the study, 97 GED program participants, who were not exposed to APL instruction or materials, completed the APL survey either just before or immediately after taking the GED examination. Seventy-seven of…

  11. The Level of Persistence in High School Drop-Outs Enrolled in the GED Program at a Rural Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCaskill-Mitchell, Sonja

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to identify factors that affect students' persistence in completion of the GED. Exploration of characteristics of participants that do/do not persist and obtain their GED assists the high school dropout, potential GED recipient, GED program staff, and society as a whole. More information was needed in order to…

  12. The Level of Persistence in High School Drop-Outs Enrolled in the GED Program at a Rural Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCaskill-Mitchell, Sonja

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to identify factors that affect students' persistence in completion of the GED. Exploration of characteristics of participants that do/do not persist and obtain their GED assists the high school dropout, potential GED recipient, GED program staff, and society as a whole. More information was needed in order to…

  13. Personal identification credential system (PICS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pressley, Jackson R.; Cantrell, Thomas; Page, Lochlin; Cudlitz, Stephen; Higgins, Roy

    2005-03-01

    A pilot Personal Identification Credential System (PICS) has been developed and fielded. The PICS is a wireless biometric credential that interfaces with access control systems. The PICS consists of individual handheld Personal Identification Credentials (PIC), a PICS Reader located at a facility entry control point that interfaces with the facility entry control system, and a PICS Enrollment Station. In operation, an individual approaching a facility entry point in a vehicle picks up the PIC handheld unit and places a finger on its sensor. The PIC then authenticates the user and from within the vehicle initiates two-way, secure RF communication with the PICS Reader as the vehicle approaches the gate. The PICS Reader then verifies that the individual is authorized for admittance and notifies the facility gate entry control system, which informs the sentry that the request for access was successful or unsuccessful. If the request for access is unsuccessful, the gate entry control system automatically will close the gate. This sequence of events takes place while the car is moving through a normally open entry lane. The PIC is a small, handheld device which contains the biometric sensor (fingerprint sensor), wireless RF transceiver, processor, encryption and battery. The PIC may be used while traveling in a vehicle or may be used while on foot for access to a PICS controlled man gate or secure area access portal. The PIC is small enough to be carried in a shirt pocket, or it can be left in the user's vehicle. The PIC battery will power the PIC for months and is rechargeable. Up to 10 fingers may be stored in the PIC.

  14. The Need for National Credentialing Standards for Addiction Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Geri; Scarborough, Jim; Clark, Catherine; Leonard, Justin C.; Keziah, Tyler B.

    2010-01-01

    The authors review the current state of credentialing for addiction counselors in the United States and provide recommendations to the addiction counseling field regarding national standards for credentialing.

  15. Measuring Credential Candidates' Impact on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagans, Kristi S.; Powers, Kristin

    2015-01-01

    The Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) requires faculty from educator preparation programs to provide evidence of credential candidates' impact on K-12 student learning. However, there is a paucity of information on preparation programs' use of direct assessments of student learning to gauge credential candidate…

  16. Second Chances. The Value of Adult Education and the GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Mike

    2013-01-01

    This is an excerpt from "Back to School: Why Everyone Deserves a Second Chance at Education" (The New Press, 2012). It concludes that GED programs need more resources, not less. The programs tend to be populated by low-to-modest income people who failed school the first time around and now are considered less worthy of investment. GED…

  17. Andragogical Methods and Readiness for the Correctional GED Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alewine, Hollisa S.

    2010-01-01

    The educational experience for an inmate is part of an ethos of personal restriction. Within the social and physical restriction of prison, the research assessed the extent to which andragogical treatment could influence inmate mood and behavior in the classroom. The need to improve inmate readiness for the Federal Bureau of Prisons mandatory GED

  18. Job Corpsmen Selection and Prediction of Successful Completion OF THE General Education Development (GED) Program at Clearfield Urban Job Corps Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carbuhn, Wayne McKinzie

    This investigation, conducted at Clearfield, Utah, Job Corps Urban Center, attempted to help the Advanced Education Department select and predict the performance of corpsmen who would attempt the General Education Development (GED) test (high school equivalency). Previous selection procedures were cumbersome, confusing, and with a high attrition…

  19. Expecting the Unexpected: Towards Robust Credential Infrastructure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Shouhuai; Yung, Moti

    Cryptographic credential infrastructures, such as Public key infrastructure (PKI), allow the building of trust relationships in electronic society and electronic commerce. At the center of credential infrastructures is the methodology of digital signatures. However, methods that assure that credentials and signed messages possess trustworthiness and longevity are not well understood, nor are they adequately addressed in both literature and practice. We believe that, as a basic engineering principle, these properties have to be built into the credential infrastructure rather than be treated as an after-thought since they are crucial to the long term success of this notion. In this paper we present a step in the direction of dealing with these issues. Specifically, we present the basic engineering reasoning as well as a model that helps understand (somewhat formally) the trustworthiness and longevity of digital signatures, and then we give basic mechanisms that help improve these notions.

  20. Credentialing of surgical skills centers.

    PubMed

    Sachdeva, Ajit K

    2011-01-01

    Major imperatives regarding quality of patient care and patient safety are impacting surgical care and surgical education. Also, significant emphasis continues to be placed on education and training to achieve proficiency, expertise, and mastery in surgery. Simulation-based surgical education and training can be of immense help in acquiring and maintaining surgical skills in safe environments without exposing patients to risk. Opportunities for repetition of tasks can be provided to achieve pre-established standards, and knowledge and skills can be verified using valid and reliable assessment methods. Also, expertise and mastery can be attained through repeated practice, specific feedback, and establishment of progressively higher learning goals. Simulation-based education and training can help surgeons maintain their skills in infrequently performed procedures and regain proficiency in procedures they have not performed for a period of time. In addition, warm-ups and surgical rehearsals in simulated environments should enhance performance in real settings. Major efforts are being pursued to advance the field of simulation-based surgical education. New education and training models involving validation of knowledge and skills are being designed for practicing surgeons. A competency-based national surgery resident curriculum was recently launched and is undergoing further enhancements to address evolving education and training needs. Innovative simulation-based surgical education and training should be offered at state-of-the-art simulation centers, and credentialing and accreditation of these centers are key to achieving their full potential. PMID:21549986

  1. Credentialing Educational Accomplishment. Report and Recommendations of the Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Jerry W., Ed.; Mills, Olive, Ed.

    The Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials of the American Council on Education undertook a two-year study to determine how postsecondary education's system for awarding credit and credentials can be changed or its adequacy improved to meet today's educational and social needs. This book sets forth the Task Force's report and…

  2. Keystroke Dynamics-Based Credential Hardening Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bartlow, Nick; Cukic, Bojan

    abstract Keystroke dynamics are becoming a well-known method for strengthening username- and password-based credential sets. The familiarity and ease of use of these traditional authentication schemes combined with the increased trustworthiness associated with biometrics makes them prime candidates for application in many web-based scenarios. Our keystroke dynamics system uses Breiman’s random forests algorithm to classify keystroke input sequences as genuine or imposter. The system is capable of operating at various points on a traditional ROC curve depending on application-specific security needs. As a username/password authentication scheme, our approach decreases the system penetration rate associated with compromised passwords up to 99.15%. Beyond presenting results demonstrating the credential hardening effect of our scheme, we look into the notion that a user’s familiarity to components of a credential set can non-trivially impact error rates.

  3. An In-Depth Look at a GED® Program in a U.S. County Jail

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berridge, Gina; Goebel, Vella

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the beliefs and perceptions of some of the stakeholders directly involved in a GED® program located in a county jail. The researchers investigated the perspectives of the jail's Chief of Programming, GED® supervisor, teachers, and inmates participating in the program. Although gathering data from the…

  4. Perceptions of College Readiness and Social Capital of GED Completers in Entry-Level College Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lott, Donalyn Leufroy

    2012-01-01

    Examining the efficacy of literacy improvement, general education development (GED) completion, and GED completers' perceptions of college readiness and social capital was the purpose of this study. The participant sample (n = 321), derived from the target population (N = 1050), consisted of former participants of Adult Literacy Education…

  5. Analysis of Survey Findings Concerning the USAFI High School GED Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beusse, William B.

    The study is the third of a series concerning the function of the U.S. Armed Forces Institute (USAFI) High School General Educational Development (GED) program. Information was sought to enable GED program managers to improve the effectiveness of their programs. Questionnaires were sent to a stratified random sample of 1,000 recent former Army…

  6. PATHWAYS: An Adult Pre-GED Reading Skills Workbook. Level III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovett, Ollie M.

    Utilizing Southwestern Indian myths, legends, poems, history, and information on religious beliefs, architecture, fine arts, music, dance, and social practices, this Pre-GED (General Educational Development) Level III reading skills workbook, part of the PATHWAYS Curriculum, provides a culture-based GED preparatory reading and writing curriculum…

  7. Setting Course: The Case for the Credentialing of Forensic Interviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haney, Mike; Vieth, Victor I.; Campos, Hector M.

    2010-01-01

    The article provides a history of efforts to develop a credentialing or certification process for forensic interviewers and reviews the multitiered credentialing process offered by the National Association of Certified Child Forensic Interviewers. The authors argue the benefits of a credentialing process for forensic interviewers and respond to…

  8. Professional Credentialing: A Doomsday Machine without a Failsafe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Kenneth R.

    1993-01-01

    Provides critical assessment of this special journal issue devoted to credentialing in rehabilitation counseling and credentialing movement in general. Contends that primary purpose of professional credentialing in counseling is not to protect the weak but rather to increase the power, authority, and incomes of the strong. Advises caution in…

  9. Setting Course: The Case for the Credentialing of Forensic Interviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haney, Mike; Vieth, Victor I.; Campos, Hector M.

    2010-01-01

    The article provides a history of efforts to develop a credentialing or certification process for forensic interviewers and reviews the multitiered credentialing process offered by the National Association of Certified Child Forensic Interviewers. The authors argue the benefits of a credentialing process for forensic interviewers and respond to…

  10. High School Equivalency Testing in Arizona. Forum: Responding to Changes in High School Equivalency Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Sheryl

    2015-01-01

    For decades, the state of Arizona has used the General Educational Development (GED) Test to award the Arizona High School Equivalency (HSE) Diploma, as the GED Test was the only test available, recognized and accepted in the United States as the measure by which adults could demonstrate the educational attainment equivalent to high school…

  11. Establishing a Real-World Credential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pluviose, David

    2007-01-01

    This article features Community College of the Air Force (CCAF) as the world's largest two-year higher education institution that will be celebrating the awarding of its 300,000th associate degree this fall. Headquartered at Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama, CCAF was founded in 1972 as a means of establishing a real-world credential for training…

  12. Privileging and credentialing for interventional cardiology procedures.

    PubMed

    Blankenship, James C; Rosenfield, Kenneth; Jennings, Henry S

    2015-10-01

    Local institutional-specific credentialing and privileging for procedures is an important process for ensuring the quality of care provided by interventional cardiologists. Recently revised standards for coronary intervention and the blossoming of structural heart disease programs have generated controversy over these processes. How standards are set for credentialing and privileging is poorly understood by most interventional cardiologists, including those responsible for credentialing and privileging. Requirements from The Joint Commission dictate how credentialing and privileging is performed at hospitals they accredit. Physicians must be recredentialed every 2 years at each hospital, with privileges renewed at that time. Hospitals must review quality of physicians even more frequently using Ongoing Professional Practice Evaluations. Hospitals must also evaluate the performance of physicians when they join a hospital staff or when they begin performing new procedures using Focused Professional Practice Evaluations. Cardiology department directors and catheterization laboratory directors are responsible for recredentialing and reprivileging members of their departments. Individual physicians are responsible for cooperating with these processes, and for periodic recertification with specialty boards and governmental agencies. We provide specific guidance to help physicians navigate these processes. PMID:25534235

  13. Forecasting Demand for California Credentialed Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doti, James L.; Cardinal, Donald N.

    2005-01-01

    Developing enough quality credentialed teachers to meet the needs of America's children is the paramount goal of teacher education programs and school districts across the country and, since 2001, required by the federal mandate, No Child Left Behind (U.S. Department of Education, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2002). However,…

  14. Establishing a Real-World Credential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pluviose, David

    2007-01-01

    This article features Community College of the Air Force (CCAF) as the world's largest two-year higher education institution that will be celebrating the awarding of its 300,000th associate degree this fall. Headquartered at Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama, CCAF was founded in 1972 as a means of establishing a real-world credential for training…

  15. Perceptions of Online Credentials for School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott; Dikkers, Amy Garrett

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the perceptions of human resource directors in the USA about online credentials earned by K-12 school principals and principal candidates. Design/methodology/approach: In this mixed methods study, a survey was sent to a random sample of 500 human resource directors in K-12 school districts…

  16. Title VII and the Masters of Reality: Eliminating Credentialism in the American Labor Market.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, David M.; Francis, Richard L.

    1976-01-01

    Examines effects of a Supreme Court decision (Gribbs vs Duke Power Co., 1971) stating that job applicants need neither pass an intelligence test nor possess particular educational credentials unless they are directly related to the requirements of the job. Journal available from Georgetown University Law Center, 600 New Jersey Ave., NW,…

  17. Four Ways to Avoid a Credentialing Cash Flow Crisis.

    PubMed

    Toth, Cheryl

    2015-01-01

    Credentialing a physician for Medicare and private plans is a detailed and time-consuming process, but it must be completed before a plan will reimburse a practice's billed services. Assign a person with the right skills for this project, and insist on regular progress reports to be certain credentialing has been successfully completed. Submit credentialing applications three to six months ahead of opening your practice doors, moving to a new location, or merging with another organization. If you're considering outsourcing the credentialing process to a service, verify its reputation and work products with its customers. PMID:26223098

  18. 46 CFR 10.229 - Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... replaced credential(s). The duplicate issued will be in the form of an MMC. Until April 15, 2014, if a mariner seeks a duplicate of more than one credential, the MMC issued will reflect endorsements for...

  19. 46 CFR 10.229 - Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... replaced credential(s). The duplicate issued will be in the form of an MMC. Until April 15, 2014, if a mariner seeks a duplicate of more than one credential, the MMC issued will reflect endorsements for...

  20. 46 CFR 10.229 - Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... replaced credential(s). The duplicate issued will be in the form of an MMC. Until April 15, 2014, if a mariner seeks a duplicate of more than one credential, the MMC issued will reflect endorsements for...

  1. Defining Credentials for the Public Workforce System. ACT Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2011

    2011-01-01

    This paper outlines how the National Career Readiness Certificate (NCRC) meets the definition of "credential" as defined by the US Department of Labor Employment (US DOL) and Training Administration's Training and Employment Guidance Letter (TEGL) 15-10. The NCRC fits the US DOL definition of a credential both (a) in the context of workforce…

  2. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  3. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  4. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  5. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  6. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  7. Educational Credentialing of an Aging Workforce: Uneasy Conclusions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the educational attainment of an aging workforce from the perspective of educational credentialing. The research questions are defined as follows: Why are workers over age 50 attaining university degrees? How do they narratively construct the rational for pursuing well-recognized credentials in midlife? The specific focus…

  8. Scaling "Stackable Credentials": Implications for Implementation and Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganzglass, Evelyn

    2014-01-01

    Postsecondary education and credentials are key to economic mobility for individuals and economic competitiveness for our nation. Although the economic return to credentials varies significantly by field of study, generally workers with higher levels of education have higher wages, work more hours, and suffer lower rates and shorter durations of…

  9. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Provider selection and credentialing. 422.204 Section 422.204 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM MEDICARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Relationships With Providers § 422.204 Provider selection and credentialing....

  10. Factors Influencing the Successful Completion of the General Educational Development (GED) Preparation Program as Perceived by the Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Styles, Theresa

    2011-01-01

    This replicated study (A. Tucho, 2000, "Factors Influencing the General Educational Development [GED] Program at Community College of Philadelphia as Perceived by the GED Students") determined which of the 3 types of educational barriers (institutional, situational, and dispositional) represented the major difficulty preventing adult learners from…

  11. Is the GED an Effective Route to Postsecondary Education for School Dropouts? NBER Working Paper No. 13816

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.; Lofstrom, Magnus

    2008-01-01

    We use data from the Texas Schools Microdata Panel (TSMP) to examine the extent to which dropouts use the GED as a route to post-secondary education. The paper develops a model pointing out the potential biases in estimating the effects of taking the "GED path" to postsecondary education. Lacking suitable instruments that would allow us to…

  12. Ged® Completers' Perceptions of College Readiness and Social Capital: Linking Adult Literacy to a Greater Quality of Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lott, Donalyn; O'Dell, Jade

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the efficacy of general education development (GED®) acquisition and GED® completers' perceptions of college readiness and social capital using a quantitative methodology. Also, the study used a descriptive, cross-sectional research design framed by the social capital theoretical perspective. The conceptual framework developed…

  13. Factors Influencing the Completion of the GED in a Federal Correctional Setting a Multiple Regression Correlation-Predictive Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akers, Kimberly

    2013-01-01

    Correctional education's primary goal is to reduce recidivism and increase employment among ex-offenders. The Bureau of Prison's practical goal in its mandatory GED program is to maximize the number of inmates obtaining the GED in a given time period. The purpose of this research is to model the number of instructional hours an inmate…

  14. START! The Successful Transitions and Retention Track Program: A Comprehensive Approach to Supporting GED Holders Entering College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nix, J. Vincent; Michalak, Megan B.

    2012-01-01

    Students entering college face many obstacles to success. Students who received a General Education Development (GED) face additional barriers that must be addressed in order for success in higher education. The Successful Transitions and Retention Track Program employs a holistic approach to addressing the needs of GED holders entering college.

  15. Is the GED an Effective Route to Postsecondary Education for School Dropouts? NBER Working Paper No. 13816

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.; Lofstrom, Magnus

    2008-01-01

    We use data from the Texas Schools Microdata Panel (TSMP) to examine the extent to which dropouts use the GED as a route to post-secondary education. The paper develops a model pointing out the potential biases in estimating the effects of taking the "GED path" to postsecondary education. Lacking suitable instruments that would allow us to…

  16. 46 CFR 10.205 - Validity of a merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Validity of a merchant mariner credential. 10.205... MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.205 Validity of... paragraph (d) of this section. Otherwise, the new credential issue validity date will coincide with...

  17. Pharmacological characterization of guanidinoethyldisulphide (GED), a novel inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase with selectivity towards the inducible isoform.

    PubMed

    SzabĂł, C; Bryk, R; Zingarelli, B; Southan, G J; Gahman, T C; Bhat, V; Salzman, A L; Wolff, D J

    1996-08-01

    1. Guanidines, amidines, S-alkylisothioureas, and recently, mercaptoalkylguanidines have been described as inhibitors of the generation of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine by NO synthases (NOS). We have recently demonstrated that guanidinoethyldisulphide (GED), formed from the dimerisation of mercaptoethylguanidine (MEG), is a novel inhibitor of nitric oxide synthases. Here we describe the pharmacological properties of GED on purified NOS isoforms, various cultured cell types, vascular ring preparations, and in endotoxin shock. 2. GED potently inhibited NOS activity of purified inducible NOS (iNOS), endothelial NOS (ecNOS), and brain NOS (bNOS) enzymes with Ki values of 4.3, 18 and 25 microM, respectively. Thus, GED has a 4 fold selectivity for iNOS over ecNOS at the enzyme level. The inhibitory effect of GED on ecNOS and iNOS was competitive vs. L-arginine and non-competitive vs. tetrahydrobiopterin. 3. Murine J774 macrophages, rat aortic smooth muscle cells, murine lung epithelial cells, and human intestinal DLD-1 cells were stimulated with appropriate mixtures of pro-inflammatory cytokines or bacterial lipopolysaccharide to express iNOS. In these cells, GED potently inhibited nitrite formation (EC50 values: 11, 9, 1 and 30 microM, respectively). This suggests that uptake of GED may be cell type and species-dependent. The inhibitory effect of GED on nitrite production was independent of whether GED was given together with immunostimulation or 6 h afterwards, indicating that GED does not interfere with the process of iNOS induction. 4. GED caused relaxations in the precontracted vascular ring preparations (EC50: 20 microM). Part of this relaxation was endothelium-dependent, but was not blocked by methylene blue (100 microM), an inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase. In precontracted rings, GED enhanced the acetylcholine-induced, endothelium-dependent relaxations at 10 microM and caused a slight inhibition of the relaxations at 100 microM. The vascular studies demonstrate that the inhibitory potency of GED on ecNOS in the ring preparations is considerably lower than its potency against iNOS in the cultured cells. These data suggest that the selectivity of GED towards iNOS may lie, in part, at the enzyme level, as well as differential uptake by cells expressing the various isoforms of NOS. 5. In a rat model of endotoxin shock in vivo, administration of GED, at 3 mg kg-1 bolus followed by 10 mg kg-1 h-1 infusion, starting at 90 min after bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 15 mg kg-1, i.v.), prevented the delayed fall in mean arterial blood pressure, prevented the development of the vascular hyporeactivity to noradrenaline of the thoracic aorta ex vivo and protected against the impairment of the endothelium-dependent relaxations associated with this model of endotoxaemia. The same bolus and infusion of the inhibitor did not alter blood pressure or ex vivo vascular reactivity in normal animals over 90 min. 6. Administration of GED (10 mg kg-1, i.p.) given at 2 h after LPS (120 mg kg-1, i.p.) and every 6 h thereafter caused a significant improvement in the survival rate in a lethal model of endotoxin shock in mice between 12 and 42 h. 7. In conclusion, we found that GED is a competitive inhibitor of iNOS activity. Its selectivity towards iNOS may lie both at the enzyme level and at the level of cell uptake. GED has beneficial effects in models of endotoxin shock that are driven by iNOS. GED or its derivatives may be useful tools in the experimental therapy of inflammatory conditions associated with NO overproduction due to iNOS expression. PMID:8842429

  18. Pharmacological characterization of guanidinoethyldisulphide (GED), a novel inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase with selectivity towards the inducible isoform.

    PubMed Central

    Szabó, C.; Bryk, R.; Zingarelli, B.; Southan, G. J.; Gahman, T. C.; Bhat, V.; Salzman, A. L.; Wolff, D. J.

    1996-01-01

    1. Guanidines, amidines, S-alkylisothioureas, and recently, mercaptoalkylguanidines have been described as inhibitors of the generation of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine by NO synthases (NOS). We have recently demonstrated that guanidinoethyldisulphide (GED), formed from the dimerisation of mercaptoethylguanidine (MEG), is a novel inhibitor of nitric oxide synthases. Here we describe the pharmacological properties of GED on purified NOS isoforms, various cultured cell types, vascular ring preparations, and in endotoxin shock. 2. GED potently inhibited NOS activity of purified inducible NOS (iNOS), endothelial NOS (ecNOS), and brain NOS (bNOS) enzymes with Ki values of 4.3, 18 and 25 microM, respectively. Thus, GED has a 4 fold selectivity for iNOS over ecNOS at the enzyme level. The inhibitory effect of GED on ecNOS and iNOS was competitive vs. L-arginine and non-competitive vs. tetrahydrobiopterin. 3. Murine J774 macrophages, rat aortic smooth muscle cells, murine lung epithelial cells, and human intestinal DLD-1 cells were stimulated with appropriate mixtures of pro-inflammatory cytokines or bacterial lipopolysaccharide to express iNOS. In these cells, GED potently inhibited nitrite formation (EC50 values: 11, 9, 1 and 30 microM, respectively). This suggests that uptake of GED may be cell type and species-dependent. The inhibitory effect of GED on nitrite production was independent of whether GED was given together with immunostimulation or 6 h afterwards, indicating that GED does not interfere with the process of iNOS induction. 4. GED caused relaxations in the precontracted vascular ring preparations (EC50: 20 microM). Part of this relaxation was endothelium-dependent, but was not blocked by methylene blue (100 microM), an inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase. In precontracted rings, GED enhanced the acetylcholine-induced, endothelium-dependent relaxations at 10 microM and caused a slight inhibition of the relaxations at 100 microM. The vascular studies demonstrate that the inhibitory potency of GED on ecNOS in the ring preparations is considerably lower than its potency against iNOS in the cultured cells. These data suggest that the selectivity of GED towards iNOS may lie, in part, at the enzyme level, as well as differential uptake by cells expressing the various isoforms of NOS. 5. In a rat model of endotoxin shock in vivo, administration of GED, at 3 mg kg-1 bolus followed by 10 mg kg-1 h-1 infusion, starting at 90 min after bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 15 mg kg-1, i.v.), prevented the delayed fall in mean arterial blood pressure, prevented the development of the vascular hyporeactivity to noradrenaline of the thoracic aorta ex vivo and protected against the impairment of the endothelium-dependent relaxations associated with this model of endotoxaemia. The same bolus and infusion of the inhibitor did not alter blood pressure or ex vivo vascular reactivity in normal animals over 90 min. 6. Administration of GED (10 mg kg-1, i.p.) given at 2 h after LPS (120 mg kg-1, i.p.) and every 6 h thereafter caused a significant improvement in the survival rate in a lethal model of endotoxin shock in mice between 12 and 42 h. 7. In conclusion, we found that GED is a competitive inhibitor of iNOS activity. Its selectivity towards iNOS may lie both at the enzyme level and at the level of cell uptake. GED has beneficial effects in models of endotoxin shock that are driven by iNOS. GED or its derivatives may be useful tools in the experimental therapy of inflammatory conditions associated with NO overproduction due to iNOS expression. Images Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 PMID:8842429

  19. SU-E-P-02: Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core (IROC) Houston QA Center (RPC) Credentialing

    SciTech Connect

    Amador, C; Keith, T; Nguyen, T; Molineu, A; Followill, D

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To provide information pertaining to IROC Houston QA Center's (RPC) credentialing process for institutions participating in NCI-sponsored clinical trials. Methods: IROC Houston issues credentials for NCI sponsored study groups. Requirements for credentialing might include any combination of questionnaires, knowledge assessment forms, benchmarks, or phantom irradiations. Credentialing requirements for specific protocols can be found on IROC Houston's website (irochouston.mdanderson.org). The website also houses the credentialing status inquiry (CSI) form. Once an institution has reviewed the protocol's credentialing requirements, a CSI form should be completed and submitted to IROC Houston. This form is used both to request whether requirements have been met as well as to notify IROC Houston that the institution requests credentialing for a specific protocol. IROC Houston will contact the institution to discuss any delinquent requirements. Once the institution has met all requirements IROC Houston issues a credentialing letter to the institution and will inform study groups and other IROC offices of the credentials. Institutions can all phone the IROC Houston office to initiate credentialing or ask any credentialing related questions. Results: Since 2010 IROC has received 1313 credentialing status inquiry forms. We received 317 in 2010, 266 in 2011, 324 in 2012, and 406 in 2013. On average we receive 35 phone calls per week with multiple types of credentialing questions. Decisions regarding credentialing status are based on the protocol specifications and previous completed credentialing by the institution. In some cases, such as for general IMRT credentialing, up to 5 sites may be credentialed based on the credentialing of one main center. Each of these situations is handled individually. Conclusion: IROC Houston will issue radiation therapy credentials for the NCI trials in the National Clinical Trials Network. Credentialing requirements and the CSI form can be found online at the IROC Houston's website. Work supported by PHS grant CA10953 and CA081647 (NCI, DHHS)

  20. Leveraging Commercially Issued Multi-Factor Identification Credentials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baldridge, Tim W.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Identity, Credential and Access Management (ICAM) system. This system is a complete system of identity management, access to desktops and applications, use of smartcards, and building access throughout NASA.

  1. Implementing the General Education Development (GED) Program in First Nations Communities: Struggles for Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shields, Tracy Jill; Melville, Wayne

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes an ethnographic case study of eleven First Nations adult learners in a Northern Ontario community attempting to earn secondary school equivalency through the General Education Development (GED) program. The paper maintains a focus on the power differentials at work in both the learners' prior educational endeavours and their…

  2. Genomic, Proteomic, and Metabolite Characterization of Gemfibrozil-Degrading Organism Bacillus sp. GeD10.

    PubMed

    Kjeldal, Henrik; Zhou, Nicolette A; Wissenbach, Dirk K; von Bergen, Martin; Gough, Heidi L; Nielsen, Jeppe L

    2016-01-19

    Gemfibrozil is a widely used hypolipidemic and triglyceride lowering drug. Excess of the drug is excreted and discharged into the environment primarily via wastewater treatment plant effluents. Bacillus sp. GeD10, a gemfibrozil-degrader, was previously isolated from activated sludge. It is the first identified bacterium capable of degrading gemfibrozil. Gemfibrozil degradation by Bacillus sp. GeD10 was here studied through genome sequencing, quantitative proteomics and metabolite analysis. From the bacterial proteome of Bacillus sp. GeD10 1974 proteins were quantified, of which 284 proteins were found to be overabundant by more than 2-fold (FDR corrected p-value ≤0.032, fold change (log2) ≥ 1) in response to gemfibrozil exposure. Metabolomic analysis identified two hydroxylated intermediates as well as a glucuronidated hydroxyl-metabolite of gemfibrozil. Overall, gemfibrozil exposure in Bacillus sp. GeD10 increased the abundance of several enzymes potentially involved in gemfibrozil degradation as well as resulted in the production of several gemfibrozil metabolites. The potential catabolic pathway/modification included ring-hydroxylation preparing the substrate for subsequent ring cleavage by a meta-cleaving enzyme. The identified genes may allow for monitoring of potential gemfibrozil-degrading organisms in situ and increase the understanding of microbial processing of trace level contaminants. This study represents the first omics study on a gemfibrozil-degrading bacterium. PMID:26683816

  3. An Analysis of Inmates in Davidson County, Tennessee: Factors that Impact Participation in GED Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nashe, Turner, Jr.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the experiences of the incarcerated, school dropout population. With an ever increasing number of high school dropouts, it is imperative that educational administrators attempt to slow the regression. Jail facility educational administrators especially need to have information on ways to increase participation in GED

  4. GED Holders in Prison Read Better than Those in the Household Population: Why?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harlow, Caroline Wolf; Jenkins, H. David; Steurer, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    The National Adult Literacy Survey, conducted by the U.S. Department of Education in 1992 and 2003, included federal and state prisoners. One finding of the 2003 survey was that prisoners with a GED scored higher in reading skills than persons in the general population with the equivalent education. In an attempt to explain that unexpected…

  5. Classrooms of Spatial Justice: Counter-Spaces and Young Men of Color in a GED Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Joni

    2014-01-01

    This article, based on an ethnographic study of an urban General Education Development (GED) program, suggests that for some marginalized young men of color, Adult education programs are counter-spaces of spatial justice in opposition to previous negative school spaces. Framed by critical race theory (CRT) and drawing on critical geography and…

  6. Feasibility of Extension of Selected GED Services to USAR and ARNG. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Henry J.; And Others

    This report addresses the extension of selected educational benefits to the Army Reserve (USAR) and Army National Guard (ARNG). The current Army General Education Development (GED) program is described, and a literature review of the effects of education upon military performance is included. A concept of extending tuition assistance to the…

  7. Perspectives of International Students Returning to Persist in a GED Preparation Course: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Sharon D.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore and describe what factors contributed to interrupted persistence among international students, in a General Education Development (GED) preparation course, in an adult continuing education department, in a community college setting, located in an urban area in New York City. The study utilized a qualitative…

  8. Personological Differences Between Enrolling GED Students Who Drop Out and Who Retain.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Russell C.

    The Adjective Check List (ACL) was administered to 142 enrolling GED students to investigate the relationship between students' self-descriptions on the instrument and their persuant persistence behavior in the program. It was hypothesized that there would be no significant ACL scale score differences between those students who discontinued their…

  9. Classrooms of Spatial Justice: Counter-Spaces and Young Men of Color in a GED Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Joni

    2014-01-01

    This article, based on an ethnographic study of an urban General Education Development (GED) program, suggests that for some marginalized young men of color, Adult education programs are counter-spaces of spatial justice in opposition to previous negative school spaces. Framed by critical race theory (CRT) and drawing on critical geography and…

  10. Credentialing Kepler: Transits in the Seventeenth Century

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gingerich, O.

    2005-08-01

    Kepler's successful prediction of the 1631 transit of Mercury spurred an interest in his decidedly user-unfriendly Rudolfine Tables. Because his Ephemerides went only to 1636, he did not draw attention to the 1639 transit of Venus, although the tables actually predicted the phenomenon, and the observation by Horrocks again proved the superiority of Kepler's work. By mid-century alternative user-friendly versions of the Rudolfine Tables were published by V. Renieri in Italy, J.B. Morin in France, Maria Cunitia in Germany, and (in a more modified form) by J. Shakerley in England. Transits of Mercury were observed in 1651 (by Shakerley in Surat, India), 1661, 1667, 1690, and 1697, giving astronomers opportunities to compare the predictions from these tables as well as those of Lansbergen (which were a variant of the Copernican Prutenic Tables). Because of the subsequent interest in transits for determining the length of the astronomical unit, the 18th-century French astronomer J-N. Delisle compiled for these early transits extensive systematic records, which are now preserved at the Paris Observatory. By his day, however, the as-yet-unpublished tables of Edmond Halley gave the most successful predictions, and Delisle showed little interest in further credentialing the Rudolfine Tables, a process that had already taken place in the previous century.

  11. Why do anthropogenic global warming skeptics have poorer scientific credentials than their opponents?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rogers, N. L.

    2010-12-01

    A paper published in PNAS (1) analyzed the scientific credentials of two groups of activist scientists. The unconvinced by the evidence group included ~500 scientists and technologists who signed various public documents protesting against various aspects of programs to prevent or mitigate anthropogenic global warming. The convinced by the evidence group (~1200 persons) signed public appeals to implement programs to prevent or mitigate AGW. Scientific credentials were measured by publications and citations. The unspoken message of the paper is that we should have confidence in the canonical program of climate change as outlined by, for example, the IPCC, because those who support the program have better scientific credentials than those that don’t. One of the authors of the paper, James Prall, made available on his website lists of several thousand persons, mostly scientists and technologists, who are in one group or the other. The lists include considerable detail, such as publications, citations and education that relates to scientific qualifications. Using Prall’s lists and relevant anecdotal statements by prominent advocates on both sides of the issue I suggest an alternate reason for the disparity in scientific credentials. The PNAS paper in testing scientific credentials counted the number of publications and citations in the area of climate science. There is a certain circularity in using such a test because persons who are professionally employed as climate scientists will naturally have many publications and citations - that is their professional goal. Professional employment in climate science implies adherence to group standards and to some extent beliefs. To give an analogy, if you are a professional freudian psychoanalyst you can’t say that Freud is a crackpot and retain your professional standing. I’m not saying that climate scientists are crackpots, but that there is surely some sort of shared belief and value system whether or not it is formerly acknowledged. There are lines that one must not cross. The relevant question is, are well qualified and professionally employed climate scientists not skeptics because their superior knowledge gives them insight to the science or are they not skeptics because that is a line they cannot cross? A remarkable disparity in Prall’s lists gives a clue to the answer. Early career scientists are highly dependent on group approval. They are canaries in the coal mine if you like. Looking at the early career scientists on both sides of the issue in Prall’s lists casts light on the answer to the relevant question posed above. (1) Expert credibility in climate change William R. L. Anderegg, James W. Prall, Jacob Harold, and Stephen H. Schneider. PNAS Early Edition April 2010

  12. 46 CFR 10.217 - Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations. 10.217 Section 10.217 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.217 Merchant mariner...

  13. 46 CFR 10.217 - Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations. 10.217 Section 10.217 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.217 Merchant mariner...

  14. 46 CFR 10.217 - Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations. 10.217 Section 10.217 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.217 Merchant mariner...

  15. 46 CFR 10.225 - Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... if the MMC sought is— (1) The first credential issued to the applicant; (2) The first credential... credential was revoked pursuant to § 10.235 of this part. (b) A complete application for an original MMC must.... Every person who receives an original MMC must first take an oath, before an official authorized to...

  16. 46 CFR 10.229 - Replacement of lost merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... describing the circumstances of the loss. The Coast Guard will only issue the duplicate credential, MMC and... expiration date as the lost credential. The duplicate issued will be in the form of an MMC. Until April 15, 2014, if a mariner seeks a duplicate of more than one credential, the MMC issued will...

  17. 46 CFR 10.205 - Validity of a merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Validity of a merchant mariner credential. 10.205 Section 10.205 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.205 Validity...

  18. 46 CFR 10.205 - Validity of a merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Validity of a merchant mariner credential. 10.205 Section 10.205 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.205 Validity...

  19. 46 CFR 10.205 - Validity of a merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Validity of a merchant mariner credential. 10.205 Section 10.205 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.205 Validity...

  20. 46 CFR 10.205 - Validity of a merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Validity of a merchant mariner credential. 10.205 Section 10.205 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.205 Validity...

  1. Credentials in Context: The Meaning and Use of Associate Degrees in the Employment of IT Technicians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Noy, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Educational credentials are clearly linked to economic success, but the reasons for this link are not clear. Common theoretical approaches provide explanations but lack direct employer perspectives on credentials' meaning and the context in which employers make sense of credentials. In this study, I used an alternative perspective based in Meyer's…

  2. Credentialing of Health Care Professionals: Its Costs and Some Alternatives for HSA [Health Services Administration].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudov, Melvin H.; Skillings, Sally

    The report contains requirements and practices in credentialing and recredentialing of health professionals by States and by professional societies. It begins with an overview of the health care components of the Health Services Administration (HSA). Credentialing needs and four types of credentialing activities are discussed: basic or initial…

  3. 46 CFR 10.229 - Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials. 10.229 Section 10.229 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.229 Issuance of duplicate merchant...

  4. Degrees of Durability and the New World of Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiSalvio, Philip

    2013-01-01

    The erosion of the college credit monopoly, the devaluation of the degree and the rise of new forms of credentialing suggest a generation of students and higher education institutions somewhat different than the previous generation. Consider a higher learning environment where students create their own academic portfolios and shape their…

  5. Laura Pittman: The Nation's First Credentialed Direct Support Professional

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Tom

    2007-01-01

    This article profiles Laura Pittman, the nation's first credentialed Direct Support Professional (DSP). Laura is a DSP at the Orange Grove Center (OGC) in Chattanooga, Tennessee and has been working there for almost ten years. She has been a DSP for seven of those years, and in that role, supported four women at one of the Orange Grove Center…

  6. CRC Credential Attainment by State Vocational Rehabilitation Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harpster, Anna M.; Byers, Katherine L.; Harris, LaKeisha L.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines 137 state vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselors' perceptions of the value of having the Certified Rehabilitation Counselor (CRC) credential. While almost 53% of this sample included persons who were certified, the majority who were not indicated that the two major reasons for not currently having this designation were: (a)…

  7. Medical Laboratory Science: An International Comparison for Credentials Evaluators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Solveig M.; Karlsson, Britta

    Information is presented to help medical technology schools abroad evaluate their credentials in comparison to U.S. requirements. After defining the subfields of medical technology, also called medical laboratory science, a summary is provided of the educational requirements, the professional titles, and the certification recognition of medical…

  8. Nontraditional Education: Alternative Ways to Earn Your Credentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Kathleen

    1996-01-01

    Looks at how one can gain credentials and education credits in a variety of ways, such as passing standardized exams, demonstrating knowledge gained through experience, completing campus-based course work, and taking courses off campus. Includes a list of contacts and print resources. (JOW)

  9. From Apprenticeship to Higher Education: Navigating the Credential Landscape

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dismore, Harriet

    2014-01-01

    The credential landscape of vocational and higher education in the UK has expanded in recent years, alongside a rise in the number of students undertaking qualifications and a steady increase in tuition fees. The transition from an apprenticeship to higher education is one example of the progression from vocational to higher education. However,…

  10. Quality Assurance in Nigerian University Education and Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Omoregie, Norah

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines quality assurance in Nigerian University education and credentialing. The research contends that university education in Nigeria which hitherto enjoyed tremendous global respectability and acceptability is fast loosing its high esteem in the face of labour market and members of community because the currently certified Nigerian…

  11. Laura Pittman: The Nation's First Credentialed Direct Support Professional

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Tom

    2007-01-01

    This article profiles Laura Pittman, the nation's first credentialed Direct Support Professional (DSP). Laura is a DSP at the Orange Grove Center (OGC) in Chattanooga, Tennessee and has been working there for almost ten years. She has been a DSP for seven of those years, and in that role, supported four women at one of the Orange Grove Center…

  12. Combined Credential Programs: Pedagogic, Practical, and Ideological Concerns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Kathryn S.

    2011-01-01

    The number of teacher education programs combining general and special education teacher certification is growing. In spite of this increase, little has been known about how these programs impact preservice teachers' (PSTs) developing professional identities. This article uses a case study of one newly implemented combined credential program at a…

  13. Double the Numbers: Increasing Postsecondary Credentials for Underrepresented Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kazis, Richard; Vargas, Joel; Hoffman, Nancy

    2004-01-01

    Perhaps the most significant challenge facing our society today is the need to dramatically increase the number of Americans who graduate high school and go on to earn postsecondary credentials. This is an economic, social, and civic imperative ? and it cannot be achieved without real changes in the educational opportunities and supports we…

  14. Medical Laboratory Science: An International Comparison for Credentials Evaluators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Solveig M.; Karlsson, Britta

    Information is presented to help medical technology schools abroad evaluate their credentials in comparison to U.S. requirements. After defining the subfields of medical technology, also called medical laboratory science, a summary is provided of the educational requirements, the professional titles, and the certification recognition of medical…

  15. Degrees of Durability and the New World of Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiSalvio, Philip

    2013-01-01

    The erosion of the college credit monopoly, the devaluation of the degree and the rise of new forms of credentialing suggest a generation of students and higher education institutions somewhat different than the previous generation. Consider a higher learning environment where students create their own academic portfolios and shape their…

  16. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM (CONTINUED) MEDICARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Relationships With Providers... credentialing and recredentialing. (3) Specifies that basic benefits must be provided through, or payments must... section 1861(u) of the Act, basic benefits may only be provided through these providers if they have...

  17. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM (CONTINUED) MEDICARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Relationships With Providers... credentialing and recredentialing. (3) Specifies that basic benefits must be provided through, or payments must... section 1861(u) of the Act, basic benefits may only be provided through these providers if they have...

  18. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM (CONTINUED) MEDICARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Relationships With Providers... credentialing and recredentialing. (3) Specifies that basic benefits must be provided through, or payments must... section 1861(u) of the Act, basic benefits may only be provided through these providers if they have...

  19. The Global Career Development Facilitator Credential: An International Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furbish, Dale; Neault, Roberta A.; Pickerell, Deirdre

    2009-01-01

    The Global Career Development Facilitator (GCDF) credential was established to provide professional training and standards for individuals working in the career field. GCDF programs are now available in the United States and 10 other countries. The authors highlight the first international GCDF program in New Zealand, new online GCDF training in…

  20. Teacher Credentials and Student Achievement in High School: A Cross-Subject Analysis with Student Fixed Effects. NBER Working Paper No. 13617

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

    2007-01-01

    We use data on statewide end-of-course tests in North Carolina to examine the relationship between teacher credentials and student achievement at the high school level. The availability of test scores in multiple subjects for each student permits us to estimate a model with student fixed effects, which helps minimize any bias associated with the…

  1. The GED4GEM project: development of a Global Exposure Database for the Global Earthquake Model initiative

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gamba, P.; Cavalca, D.; Jaiswal, K.S.; Huyck, C.; Crowley, H.

    2012-01-01

    In order to quantify earthquake risk of any selected region or a country of the world within the Global Earthquake Model (GEM) framework (www.globalquakemodel.org/), a systematic compilation of building inventory and population exposure is indispensable. Through the consortium of leading institutions and by engaging the domain-experts from multiple countries, the GED4GEM project has been working towards the development of a first comprehensive publicly available Global Exposure Database (GED). This geospatial exposure database will eventually facilitate global earthquake risk and loss estimation through GEM’s OpenQuake platform. This paper provides an overview of the GED concepts, aims, datasets, and inference methodology, as well as the current implementation scheme, status and way forward.

  2. Nurses' Utilization and Perception of the Community/Public Health Nursing Credential

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Objectives. I explored the underutilization of the community/public health nursing (C/PHN) credential by examining the individual characteristics of public health nurses, the value these nurses perceive for certification, the barriers they perceive to obtaining or maintaining a C/PHN credential, and their credential status. Methods. I surveyed a national sample of 655 public health nurses regarding this more than 20-year-old credential. I analyzed variables related to perceived value, barriers, and characteristics of public health nurses. Results. The perceived value of credentialing did not differ among public health nurses relative to whether they had ever had a C/PHN credential. The C/PHN credential, however, was obtained significantly more often by public health nurses in academic settings than by those working in practice settings. Conclusions. The C/PHN credential appears to be disproportionately underutilized and unknown to public health nurses in the practice community. Findings suggest, however, that utilization could be improved by increasing the credential's visibility outside of academic environments and by establishing system-level changes that provide external recognition, such as salary increases and career advancement, for specialty credentials. PMID:19299666

  3. Building Toward a Small Wind Turbine Site Assessor Credential (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Sinclair, K.

    2013-09-01

    Proper site assessment is integral to the development of a successful small wind project. Without a small wind site assessor certification program, consumers, including state incentive program managers, lack a benchmark for differentiating between qualified and nonqualified site assessors. A small wind site assessor best practice manual is being developed as a resource for consumers until a credential program becomes available. This presentation describes the purpose, proposed content, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's approach to the development of such a manual.

  4. Concerns in workforce development: linking certification and credentialing to outcomes.

    PubMed

    Ogolla, Christopher; Cioffi, Joan P

    2007-01-01

    Investments in public health workforce development are based on the assumption that capacity and competencies are linked with the effectiveness and efficiency of providing essential public health services. However, evidence of the effects of workforce quantity or quality on the performance of core public health functions is limited. A review of public health, health care, and teacher education literature was conducted to determine the state of research in the field and to identify promising approaches and study designs for application to public health workforce training. A total of 861 articles and abstracts were reviewed from the health literature and 470 from teacher education literature. Sixty-five reports in the public health or health care literature and 68 in the education literature met the inclusion criteria. Eleven studies in public health or health literature reported positive correlations and 3 determined no substantial correlation to credentials. In the education literature, 10 studies reported a positive link, whereas 9 studies reported mixed or nonsignificant results. We conclude that a paucity of quality research or compelling evidence exists linking certification or credentialing to any related outcome. Until further research is conducted, discussions on the need for public health workforce certification and credentialing will be based on good-faith expectations for improving individual and organizational performance. PMID:17714227

  5. Microprocessor-controlled tester for evaluation of the Self-Energized Credential System (SECS)

    SciTech Connect

    Corlis, N.E.

    1980-03-01

    The Self-Energized Credential System (SECS) was developed for use in the Plutonium Protection System (PPS) installed at Hanford, Washington. Evaluation and development of the SECS system was enhanced by the use of a microprocessor-controlled portal tester. This tester used infrared (ir) beam sensors to provide information on the direction of travel of the credential wearer and to detect inoperative credentials. A printed record of the portal number, actual code read, time, and direction of the credential passage provided information essential to an assessment of the operability of the SECS.

  6. The GED and the Rise of Contextless Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutt, Ethan

    2014-01-01

    Background/Context:Policy discussions in the U.S. and abroad have become increasingly studded with reference to the results of international tests like PISA. Unlike most assessments, PISA is not designed to measure whether students have mastered a particular school curriculum but rather provide a measure of students' ability to meet future…

  7. GED Preparation via the Sundial Network. An Audio Teleconferencing System. Final Report. A 310/Special Demonstration Project 1984-1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rio Salado Community Coll., AZ.

    A project was conducted to deliver general educational development (GED) instruction through an audio teleconferencing system to adult students in Arizona. Using a previously existing audio teleconferencing system owned by Rio Salado Community College in Phoenix, Arizona, project staff developed a series of credit and noncredit teleconferencing…

  8. GED Preparation via the Sundial Network. An Audio Teleconferencing System. Final Report. A 310/Special Demonstration Project 1984-1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rio Salado Community Coll., AZ.

    A project was conducted to deliver general educational development (GED) instruction through an audio teleconferencing system to adult students in Arizona. Using a previously existing audio teleconferencing system owned by Rio Salado Community College in Phoenix, Arizona, project staff developed a series of credit and noncredit teleconferencing…

  9. SU-E-J-189: Credentialing of IGRT Equipment and Processes for Clinical Trials

    SciTech Connect

    Court, L; Aristophanous, M; Followill, D; Kirsner, S; Kisling, K; Pidikiti, R; Wong, P; Balter, P; Bellezza, D; Massingill, B; Papanikolaou, N; Parker, B; Zhen, H

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Current dosimetry phantoms used for clinical trial credentialing do not directly assess IGRT processes. This work evaluates a custom-built IGRT phantom for credentialing of multiple IGRT modalities and processes. Methods: An IGRT phantom was built out of a low-density body with two inserts. Insert A is used for the CT simulation. Insert B is used for the actual treatment. The inserts contain identical targets in different locations. Relative positions are unknown to the user. The user simulates the phantom (with insert A) as they would a patient, including marking the phantom. A treatment plan is created and sent to the treatment unit. The phantom (with insert B) is then positioned using local IGRT practice. Shifts (planned isocenter, if applicable, and final isocenter) are marked on the phantom using room lasers. The mechanical reproducibility of re-inserting the inserts within the phantom body was tested using repeat high-resolution CT scans. The phantom was tested at 7 centers, selected to include a wide variety of imaging equipment. Results: Mechanical reproducibility was measured as 0.5-0.9mm, depending on the direction. Approaches tested to mark (and transfer) simulation isocenter included lasers, fiducials and reflective markers. IGRT approaches included kV imaging (Varian Trilogy, Brainlab ExacTrac), kV CT (CT-on-rails), kV CBCT (Varian Trilogy, Varian Truebeam, Elekta Agility) and MV CT (Tomotherapy). Users were able to successfully use this phantom for all combinations of equipment and processes. IGRT-based shifts agreed with the truth within 0.8mm, 0.8mm and 1.9mm in the LR, AP, and SI directions, respectively. Conclusion: Based on these preliminary results, the IGRT phantom can be used for credentialing of clinical trials with an action level of 1mm in AP and LR directions, and 2mm in the SI direction, consistent with TG142. We are currently testing with additional institutions with different equipment and processes, including Cyberknife. This project was funded by the Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas.

  10. History of the Medical Library Association's credentialing program.

    PubMed Central

    Bell, J A

    1996-01-01

    Since the Medical Library Association (MLA) adopted the Code for the Training and Certification of Medical Librarians in 1949, MLA members have reviewed and revised the program regularly. This paper traces the history of MLA's professional recognition program to illustrate how the program has changed over time and to identify the issues that have surrounded it. These issues include the value of the program to individual members, cost to MLA, appropriate entry requirements, certification examinations, and recertification requirements. The development and operation of MLA's current credentialing program, the Academy of Health Information Professionals, is described in detail. PMID:8883980

  11. Extra-Credential Experiences and Social Closure: Working-Class Students at University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehmann, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Human capital theorists perceive of educational expansion as beneficial to individuals, corporations and national economies, while social closure theorists have claimed that inflation of credential requirements maintains traditional status inequalities. In this paper I argue that status inequalities are not only maintained by credential inflation,…

  12. 46 CFR 15.410 - Credentialed individuals for assistance towing vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Credentialed individuals for assistance towing vessels. 15.410 Section 15.410 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MANNING REQUIREMENTS Manning Requirements; All Vessels § 15.410 Credentialed...

  13. 46 CFR 15.401 - Employment and service within restrictions of credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... active license, certificate of registry, MMD, or MMC issued by the Coast Guard must also hold a valid TWIC issued by the Transportation Security Administration unless the individual is exempt under 46 CFR... (TWIC) and/or Merchant Mariner Credential (MMC), unless the individual holds all credentials...

  14. 46 CFR 10.225 - Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... if the MMC sought is: (1) The first credential issued to the applicant; (2) The first credential... revoked pursuant to § 10.235 of this part. (b) A complete application for an original MMC must contain the... who receives an original MMC must first take an oath, before an official authorized to give such...

  15. 46 CFR 10.225 - Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... if the MMC sought is: (1) The first credential issued to the applicant; (2) The first credential... revoked pursuant to § 10.235 of this part. (b) A complete application for an original MMC must contain the... who receives an original MMC must first take an oath, before an official authorized to give such...

  16. 46 CFR 10.225 - Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... if the MMC sought is: (1) The first credential issued to the applicant; (2) The first credential... revoked pursuant to § 10.235 of this part. (b) A complete application for an original MMC must contain the... who receives an original MMC must first take an oath, before an official authorized to give such...

  17. 46 CFR 10.225 - Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials....225 Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials. (a) An applicant must apply as an original... revoked pursuant to § 10.235 of this part. (b) A complete application for an original MMC must contain...

  18. 46 CFR 10.217 - Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Merchant mariner credential application and examination... § 10.217 Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations. (a) Applicants may apply to... available through the Coast Guard Web site at http://www.uscg.mil/stcw. (b) Coast...

  19. 46 CFR 10.217 - Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... approved for application submittal is available through the Coast Guard Web site at http://www.uscg.mil/nmc... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Merchant mariner credential application and examination... § 10.217 Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations. (a) Applicants for an...

  20. 14 CFR 135.76 - DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat. 135.76 Section 135.76 Aeronautics and... OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: COMMUTER AND ON... Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat....

  1. 14 CFR 135.76 - DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat. 135.76 Section 135.76 Aeronautics and... OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: COMMUTER AND ON... Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat....

  2. 14 CFR 135.76 - DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat. 135.76 Section 135.76 Aeronautics and... OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: COMMUTER AND ON... Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat....

  3. 14 CFR 135.76 - DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat. 135.76 Section 135.76 Aeronautics and... OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: COMMUTER AND ON... Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat....

  4. 14 CFR 135.76 - DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat. 135.76 Section 135.76 Aeronautics and... OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: COMMUTER AND ON... Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat....

  5. Help Wanted...Credentials Required: Community Colleges in the Knowledge Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Desrochers, Donna M.

    This report examines the expanding role of community colleges, the emerging credentialing system, and the changes in the economy that have increased the value of credentials. While business has come to rely on higher education degrees to signify general skills, employers increasingly look for performance-based certifications as indications of more…

  6. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  7. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  8. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  9. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  10. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  11. Animals at the Crossroads: A Perspective on Credentialing in the Mental Health Field.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spivack, James D.

    1984-01-01

    Examines the credentialing process in mental health and likens it to the process of animals in confrontation over territoriality. Examines the data on which credentialing claims are predicated and the implications of and to the marketplace of licensing and certification. (BH)

  12. An Examination of the Integrity and Future of the Behavior Analyst Certification Board[R] Credentials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shook, Gerald L.

    2005-01-01

    The Behavior Analyst Certification Board[R] (BACB[R]) credentials behavior analysts at two levels. This article examines how well the BACB and the certifications it offers adhere to accepted professional credentialing standards. Future developments in the BACB certification process and implications for behavior analysis service delivery are also…

  13. Earning Industry-Recognized Credentials in High School: Exploring Research and Policy Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castellano, Marisa; Stone, James R., III; Stringfield, Sam

    2005-01-01

    As states develop accountability systems for their high school career and technical education (CTE) programs, the number of students who earn industry-recognized credentials is being considered as a measure of student success and program quality. Using data from a longitudinal study we explored the value of industry-recognized credentials for high…

  14. 21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... credential-Individual practitioners. 1311.105 Section 1311.105 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION... certification authority. (c) The credential service provider or certification authority must issue the... authority must issue two pieces of information used to generate or activate the authentication...

  15. 21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... credential-Individual practitioners. 1311.105 Section 1311.105 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION... certification authority. (c) The credential service provider or certification authority must issue the... authority must issue two pieces of information used to generate or activate the authentication...

  16. 21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... credential-Individual practitioners. 1311.105 Section 1311.105 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION... certification authority. (c) The credential service provider or certification authority must issue the... authority must issue two pieces of information used to generate or activate the authentication...

  17. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  18. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  19. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  20. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  1. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  2. The Perceptions of Principals toward Proprietary Online Teacher Credential Programs and Their Effect on Hiring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolton, David H.

    2010-01-01

    The number of proprietary (for-profit) colleges and universities who offer online teacher credential programs is increasing, yet there is skepticism regarding the quality of such schools and credentialing programs. This study sought to understand the perceptions that school principals had and whether or not it affected their decision to hire…

  3. Extra-Credential Experiences and Social Closure: Working-Class Students at University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehmann, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Human capital theorists perceive of educational expansion as beneficial to individuals, corporations and national economies, while social closure theorists have claimed that inflation of credential requirements maintains traditional status inequalities. In this paper I argue that status inequalities are not only maintained by credential inflation,…

  4. General Education Development (GED®) Credential Attainment, Externalizing Disorders, and Substance Use Disorders in Disconnected Emerging Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergman, Andrea; Kong, Grace; Pope, Alice

    2014-01-01

    There are many benefits for emerging adults, both financial and personal, in obtaining a General Education Development (GED®) credential (Ou, 2008). However, little is known about the correlates of GED® credential attainment in "disconnected" emerging adults attending GED® programs. Our goal was to examine whether externalizing…

  5. 28 CFR 544.74 - Work assignment limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... program. (2) An inmate ordinarily must show prior attainment of a GED credential or high school diploma in... attainment of a GED credential or high school diploma to be promoted above the minimum pay level or grade...

  6. 28 CFR 544.73 - Program participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) shall be deemed to be making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school... program until the inmate earns a GED credential or high school diploma. At these meetings, the inmate...

  7. 28 CFR 544.74 - Work assignment limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... program. (2) An inmate ordinarily must show prior attainment of a GED credential or high school diploma in... attainment of a GED credential or high school diploma to be promoted above the minimum pay level or grade...

  8. 28 CFR 544.74 - Work assignment limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... program. (2) An inmate ordinarily must show prior attainment of a GED credential or high school diploma in... attainment of a GED credential or high school diploma to be promoted above the minimum pay level or grade...

  9. 28 CFR 523.20 - Good conduct time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... earned or is making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma; or (2... progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma. (d) Notwithstanding the requirements...

  10. 28 CFR 544.74 - Work assignment limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... program. (2) An inmate ordinarily must show prior attainment of a GED credential or high school diploma in... attainment of a GED credential or high school diploma to be promoted above the minimum pay level or grade...

  11. 28 CFR 544.73 - Program participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) shall be deemed to be making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school... program until the inmate earns a GED credential or high school diploma. At these meetings, the inmate...

  12. 28 CFR 544.74 - Work assignment limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... program. (2) An inmate ordinarily must show prior attainment of a GED credential or high school diploma in... attainment of a GED credential or high school diploma to be promoted above the minimum pay level or grade...

  13. 28 CFR 544.73 - Program participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) shall be deemed to be making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school... program until the inmate earns a GED credential or high school diploma. At these meetings, the inmate...

  14. 28 CFR 523.20 - Good conduct time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... earned or is making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma; or (2... progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma. (d) Notwithstanding the requirements...

  15. 28 CFR 523.20 - Good conduct time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... earned or is making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma; or (2... progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma. (d) Notwithstanding the requirements...

  16. 28 CFR 544.73 - Program participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) shall be deemed to be making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school... program until the inmate earns a GED credential or high school diploma. At these meetings, the inmate...

  17. 28 CFR 523.20 - Good conduct time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... earned or is making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma; or (2... progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma. (d) Notwithstanding the requirements...

  18. 28 CFR 544.73 - Program participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) shall be deemed to be making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school... program until the inmate earns a GED credential or high school diploma. At these meetings, the inmate...

  19. 28 CFR 523.20 - Good conduct time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... earned or is making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma; or (2... progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma. (d) Notwithstanding the requirements...

  20. Laboratory tests and simulations of pulse shape discrimination (PSD) technique for background reduction in germanium gamma-ray detectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slassi-Sennou, Said; Boggs, Steven E.; Philhour, Bryon; Campbell, Robert D.; Feffer, Paul T.; Lin, Robert P.; McBride, Steven; Primbsch, Henry J.; Cork, Chris P.; Goulding, Fred S.; Luke, Paul N.; Madden, Norman W.; Malone, Don F.; Pehl, Richard H.

    1996-10-01

    For actively shielded, narrow aperture germanium spectrometers at balloon or spacecraft altitudes, the beta decay of radio-active nuclei is the dominant source of background in the 0.2 to 2 MeV energy range. This component of the background is internal to the germanium detectors (GeDs) and results from the activation of Ge nuclei by cosmic ray secondaries. The sensitivity of GeD spectrometers can be improved by rejecting beta-decay events, which deposit energy at a single site in the detector, while retaining photon events, which are predominantly multiple site at these energies. Pulse shape discrimination (PSD) techniques can distinguish between single- and multiple-site events by analyzing the shape of GeDs' current pulses. Here we present results of laboratory tests of PSD with a newly developed narrow-inner-bore (0.6 cm diameter) coaxial GeD and compare them to numerical simulations.

  1. The credentialing of a population-based health profession: lessons learned from health education certification.

    PubMed

    Livingood, W C; Auld, M E

    2001-07-01

    This article summarizes research and issues related to health education certification. Health education's experience with certification provides valuable insight for other public health professions because of the credential's population-based emphasis, its recent development, and its broadly defined cross-cutting skill set. Although data are still emerging on the outcomes of health education certification, most studies indicate that it has had a positive impact across multiple dimensions. Critical to this success has been providing profession-wide opportunities for input, communicating with key stakeholders, establishing an independent credentialing agency, and basing the credential on scientifically and legally defensible competencies that are linked to job responsibilities. PMID:11434038

  2. 46 CFR 15.720 - Use of non-U.S.-credentialed personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MANNING REQUIREMENTS Limitations and Qualifying Factors § 15.720 Use of non-U.S.-credentialed personnel... outside the jurisdiction of the United States, in order to meet manning requirements, may use...

  3. 46 CFR 10.235 - Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... original following the procedures of §§ 5.901-5.905 of this subchapter. When an officer's endorsement is... whose credential or endorsement has been revoked or suspended without probation may not be issued...

  4. 46 CFR 10.235 - Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... original following the procedures of §§ 5.901-5.905 of this subchapter. When an officer's endorsement is... whose credential or endorsement has been revoked or suspended without probation may not be issued...

  5. 46 CFR 15.401 - Employment and service within restrictions of credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 CFR part 1572. ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Employment and service within restrictions of credential... AND SEAMEN MANNING REQUIREMENTS Manning Requirements; All Vessels § 15.401 Employment and...

  6. The ASTER Global Emissivity Dataset (ASTER GED): Mapping Earth's emissivity at 100 meter spatial scale

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hulley, Glynn C.; Hook, Simon J.; Abbott, Elsa; Malakar, Nabin; Islam, Tanvir; Abrams, Michael

    2015-10-01

    Thermal infrared (TIR) data, acquired by instruments on several NASA satellite platforms, are primarily used to estimate the surface temperature/emissivity of the Earth's land surface. One such instrument launched on NASA's Terra satellite in 1999 is the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), which has a spatial resolution of 90 m. Using ASTER data, NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory recently released the most detailed emissivity map of the Earth termed the ASTER Global Emissivity Dataset (ASTER GED) that was acquired by processing millions of cloud free ASTER scenes from 2000 to 2008. The ASTER GEDv3 provides an average emissivity at ~100 m and ~1 km, while GEDv4 provides a monthly emissivity from 2000 to 2015 at ~5 km spatial resolution in the wavelength range between 8 and 12 µm. Validation with lab spectra from four desert sites resulted in an average absolute band error of ~1%, compared to current heritage MODIS products that had average absolute errors of 2.4% (Collection 4) and 4.6% (Collection 5).

  7. Credentialed Chefs as Certified Wellness Coaches: Call for Action.

    PubMed

    Polak, Rani; Sforzo, Gary A; Dill, Diana; Phillips, Edward M; Moore, Margaret

    2015-12-01

    Beneficial relationships exist between food preparation skills and improved dietary quality, and between times spent preparing food and mortality. Food shopping, meal planning, preparation and cooking skills are valuable in supporting good health. Thus experts are proposing nutritional counseling be expanded to include these beneficial behavioral skills. Educational programs delivered by chefs have recently emerged as a way to improve engagement with nutritional guidelines. It is reasonable to assume that a chef with behavior change knowledge and skills, such as coaching, may be more effective in facilitating behavior change. We encourage chefs who wish to be involved in promoting health-related behavior change to consider continuing education in coaching knowledge and skills. We also recommend culinary schools to consider offering these courses, to aspiring chefs. Such programming will not only benefit future clients but also offers a career- enriching professional opportunity to chefs. Credentialed chefs can make a positive health impact and should be included as professionals who are eligible for the impending national certification of health and wellness coaches. PMID:26172566

  8. Validating Competence: A New Credential for Clinical Documentation Improvement Practitioners

    PubMed Central

    Ryan, Jessica; Patena, Karen; Judd, Wallace; Niederpruem, Mike

    2013-01-01

    As the health information management (HIM) profession continues to expand and become more specialized, there is an ever-increasing need to identify emerging HIM workforce roles that require a codified level of proficiency and professional standards. The Commission on Certification for Health Informatics and Information Management (CCHIIM) explored one such role—clinical documentation improvement (CDI) practitioner—to define the tasks and responsibilities of the job as well as the knowledge required to perform them effectively. Subject-matter experts (SMEs) defined the CDI specialty by following best practices for job analysis methodology. A random sample of 4,923 CDI-related professionals was surveyed regarding the tasks and knowledge required for the job. The survey data were used to create a weighted blueprint of the six major domains that make up the CDI practitioner role, which later formed the foundation for the clinical documentation improvement practitioner (CDIP) credential. As a result, healthcare organizations can be assured that their certified documentation improvement practitioners have demonstrated excellence in clinical care, treatment, coding guidelines, and reimbursement methodologies. PMID:23843769

  9. Validating competence: a new credential for clinical documentation improvement practitioners.

    PubMed

    Ryan, Jessica; Patena, Karen; Judd, Wallace; Niederpruem, Mike

    2013-01-01

    As the health information management (HIM) profession continues to expand and become more specialized, there is an ever-increasing need to identify emerging HIM workforce roles that require a codified level of proficiency and professional standards. The Commission on Certification for Health Informatics and Information Management (CCHIIM) explored one such role-clinical documentation improvement (CDI) practitioner-to define the tasks and responsibilities of the job as well as the knowledge required to perform them effectively. Subject-matter experts (SMEs) defined the CDI specialty by following best practices for job analysis methodology. A random sample of 4,923 CDI-related professionals was surveyed regarding the tasks and knowledge required for the job. The survey data were used to create a weighted blueprint of the six major domains that make up the CDI practitioner role, which later formed the foundation for the clinical documentation improvement practitioner (CDIP) credential. As a result, healthcare organizations can be assured that their certified documentation improvement practitioners have demonstrated excellence in clinical care, treatment, coding guidelines, and reimbursement methodologies. PMID:23843769

  10. Two Basic Skills Instruments as Predictors of Performance on the GED Test for Incarcerated Male Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bakken, Carol H.

    Thousands of older incarcerated youth (17-18 years old) pass through the juvenile justice system every year. Many are not viable candidates for traditional high school graduation because of limited earned credits and large gaps in education. The purpose of this study was to establish an effective and efficient means for determining students'…

  11. New York State High School Equivalency Testing Program; General Information and Testing Schedule, September 1, 1969-August 31, 1970.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Higher and Professional Educational Testing.

    The New York State High School Equivalency Testing Program is for adult residents of the state who have not completed their high school education in the regular manner. An adult who obtains satisfactory scores on the High School Level tests of General Educational Development (GED) Tests is eligible to receive a New York State high school…

  12. Molecular structure and stabilities of fumaric acid conformers: Gas phase electron diffraction (GED) and quantum-chemical studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogt, Natalja; Abaev, Maxim A.; Karasev, Nikolai M.

    2011-02-01

    The molecular structure of fumaric acid was reinvestigated by the gas phase electron diffraction (GED) method because it was determined several years ago assuming the existence of one conformer only. According to MP2/cc-pVTZ predictions, the molecule has six stable conformations, and three of them, sp,sp,sp,sp (I), ap,sp,sp,sp (II) and ap,ap,sp,sp (III), with relative energies within ca. 3 kJ mol -1 should be present in detectable amounts at the experimental temperature of ca. 480 K. The best fit to the GED intensities was achieved at the approximately equal amounts of the conformers I-III. To take into account vibrational effects, the corrections to the experimental r a bond lengths ( r e - r a) were calculated using quadratic and cubic force constants from high-level ab initio calculations (MP2/cc-pVTZ). The deduced equilibrium bond lengths of the conformer II with the estimated total errors (in Ĺ) are the following: r e(C dbnd C) = 1.331(3), r e(C sbnd C) s-trans = 1.473(3), r e(C sbnd C) s-cis = 1.479(3), r e(C sbnd O) s-trans = 1.345(3), r e(C sbnd O) s-cis = 1.344(3), r e(C dbnd O) s-trans = 1.205(3), r e(C dbnd O) s-cis = 1.204(3). The structural effects arising due to presence of the C dbnd C double bond were analysed. In comparison to the experiment, the MP2/cc-pVQZ approximation overestimates some bond lengths in fumaric acid and similar molecules by up to 0.005 Ĺ. The rotational constants of the conformers I-III were derived from the GED equilibrium geometries.

  13. Private credentialing of health care personnel: an antitrust perspective. Part Two.

    PubMed

    Havighurst, C C; King, N M

    1983-01-01

    Having argued in Part One against extensive judicial or regulatory interference with private personnel credentialing in the health care field, this Article now shifts its focus to emphasize the anticompetitive hazards inherent in credentialing as practiced by professional interests. Competitor-sponsored credentialing is shown to be a vital part of a larger cartel strategy to curb competition by standardizing personnel and services and controlling the flow of information to health care consumers. Instead of altering the conclusions reached in Part One, however, Part Two sets forth a new and hitherto unexplored agenda for antitrust enforcement, one that the authors believe will increase the quantity and quality of information available to consumers and offer a fairer competitive environment to individuals and groups disadvantaged by the denial of desirable credentials. The specific targets singled out for antitrust scrutiny are (1) the practice of "grandfathering," by which new candidates for credentials are required to meet tougher requirements than were met by existing credential holders; (2) agreements to standardize educational programs if they go beyond setting and applying accrediting standards and impair the freedom of institutions to decide independently whether to offer unaccredited training; (3) agreements by which independent certifying or accrediting bodies limit the nature or scope of competition among themselves; and (4) mergers and joint ventures in credentialing and accrediting. The legal theory supporting antitrust attacks in the latter two categories is strengthened by the apparently original insight that commercial information and opinion are themselves articles of commerce such that agreements and combinations restricting their nature and output can be characterized as restraints of trade. Among the many self-regulatory institutions in the health care field whose operation or sponsorship is called into question by the analysis herein are the leading medical specialty boards, the Liaison Committee on Medical Education, various accrediting and certifying bodies in the allied health occupations, and the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals. PMID:6675463

  14. Audited credential delegation: a usable security solution for the virtual physiological human toolkit.

    PubMed

    Haidar, Ali N; Zasada, Stefan J; Coveney, Peter V; Abdallah, Ali E; Beckles, Bruce; Jones, Mike A S

    2011-06-01

    We present applications of audited credential delegation (ACD), a usable security solution for authentication, authorization and auditing in distributed virtual physiological human (VPH) project environments that removes the use of digital certificates from end-users' experience. Current security solutions are based on public key infrastructure (PKI). While PKI offers strong security for VPH projects, it suffers from serious usability shortcomings in terms of end-user acquisition and management of credentials which deter scientists from exploiting distributed VPH environments. By contrast, ACD supports the use of local credentials. Currently, a local ACD username-password combination can be used to access grid-based resources while Shibboleth support is underway. Moreover, ACD provides seamless and secure access to shared patient data, tools and infrastructure, thus supporting the provision of personalized medicine for patients, scientists and clinicians participating in e-health projects from a local to the widest international scale. PMID:22670214

  15. Perspectives From the Field: Certified Health Education Specialists on the Value of Health Education Credentialing.

    PubMed

    Pierre Ste-Rose, Suzie; Medina, Rosalinda; Leal, Monica; Garcia, Sarai; Mata, Holly J

    2015-11-01

    In this commentary, four Certified Health Education Specialists (CHESs) share their reasons for obtaining national certification as health education specialists, the value of national credentialing to their employers, and the career development benefits of National Commission for Health Education Credentialing certification. CHESs play a vital role in diverse research and practice settings and increasingly contribute to changes in practice and policy that promote health equity. National Commission for Health Education Credentialing certification enhances our individual capacity as public health educators and also enhances our profession through systematic verification of responsibilities, competencies, and subcompetencies. This commentary is particularly timely in light of the Health Education Specialist Practice Analysis 2015, which updated, refined, and validated the model of health education practice. PMID:26220281

  16. Florida's Use of the GED with At-Risk High School Students. Fourth Annual Report. 1993-1994 School Year. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Center for Needs Assessment and Planning.

    As part of its dropout prevention efforts, the state of Florida offers currently enrolled high school students the opportunity to earn a General Educational Development (GED) certificate. This new graduation option for at-risk students makes frequent use of computer-assisted instruction, operates a counseling component, integrates vocational…

  17. The Effects of Self-Regulated Strategy Development on the Writing of Expository Essays for Adults with Written Expression Difficulties: Preparing for the GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Ann Bassett; Mason, Linda H.

    2012-01-01

    A multiple-probe, multiple-baseline, across-subjects design was used to examine the writing performance of four low-achieving adult students with and without disabilities enrolled in general equivalency diploma (GED) preparatory classes. Students' writing was evaluated before instruction and after self-regulated strategy development (SRSD)…

  18. A Comparison of the Educational Success of GED Recipients and Traditional High School Graduates in Selected Areas at Wilkes Community College [North Carolina].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd, Fay; And Others

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a significant difference in the performance level of freshmen who did not formally complete high school but who received General Education Development (GED) certificates and high school graduates who did receive high school diplomas. The study was to indicate whether there was a…

  19. GED Acquisition Rates From An At-Risk Youth Program's Curriculum as Influenced by Three Criteria: Multiple Intelligence Usage, Class Size, and Its Mentorship Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Angela Rene

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether a combination of three factors: (1) a reduced student teacher ratio (class size education); (2) a mentorship program and (3) a varied curriculum, via use of the multiple intelligences would successfully improve secondary at risk youths' high school graduation rates. The graduation rate and GED

  20. Credentialing Features: A Platform to Benchmark and Optimize Untargeted Metabolomic Methods

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    The aim of untargeted metabolomics is to profile as many metabolites as possible, yet a major challenge is comparing experimental method performance on the basis of metabolome coverage. To date, most published approaches have compared experimental methods by counting the total number of features detected. Due to artifactual interference, however, this number is highly variable and therefore is a poor metric for comparing metabolomic methods. Here we introduce an alternative approach to benchmarking metabolome coverage which relies on mixed Escherichia coli extracts from cells cultured in regular and 13C-enriched media. After mass spectrometry-based metabolomic analysis of these extracts, we “credential” features arising from E. coli metabolites on the basis of isotope spacing and intensity. This credentialing platform enables us to accurately compare the number of nonartifactual features yielded by different experimental approaches. We highlight the value of our platform by reoptimizing a published untargeted metabolomic method for XCMS data processing. Compared to the published parameters, the new XCMS parameters decrease the total number of features by 15% (a reduction in noise features) while increasing the number of true metabolites detected and grouped by 20%. Our credentialing platform relies on easily generated E. coli samples and a simple software algorithm that is freely available on our laboratory Web site (http://pattilab.wustl.edu/software/credential/). We have validated the credentialing platform with reversed-phase and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography as well as Agilent, Thermo Scientific, AB SCIEX, and LECO mass spectrometers. Thus, the credentialing platform can readily be applied by any laboratory to optimize their untargeted metabolomic pipeline for metabolite extraction, chromatographic separation, mass spectrometric detection, and bioinformatic processing. PMID:25160088

  1. An Update: Preparation and Credentialing Requirements of Two-Year College Technical Instructors--A National Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Susan J.; Spidell, Cathy M.

    2007-01-01

    This study was conducted to see what changes have occurred in the preparation and credentialing of postsecondary technical faculty. The specific objectives of this study were: (a) to describe current credentialing requirements for two-year college technical instructors; (b) to describe program requirements for postsecondary technical teacher…

  2. Credentialing in carotid angiography and carotid angioplasty/stenting: experience of Mayo Clinic Rochester.

    PubMed

    Brown, Robert D; Sullivan, Timothy M

    2005-06-01

    Carotid angioplasty and stenting is an evolving technique in the treatment of patients with carotid occlusive disease who are at increased risk for carotid endarterectomy. The literature has largely focused on the short and long-term results of this novel procedure. Due to the involvement of multiple disciplines, all of whom have legitimate claims to the carotid territory, credentialing has been a contentious issue at the local hospital level. This article describes the experience of Mayo Clinic Rochester in developing, in a multi-disciplinary manner, documents for credentialing in carotid angiography, carotid intervention, and guidelines for the use of this novel procedure. PMID:15986329

  3. Educational Credentials in Australia: Average Positional Value in Decline. Centre for the Study of Higher Education Research Working Papers, 93.4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marginson, Simon

    Since the 1960s there has been a major expansion in the number of people in Australia holding post school educational credentials and the proportion of the full time work force with those credentials. The penalties of not holding credentials, in terms of the incidence and duration of unemployment, are increasingly severe. At the same time, there…

  4. Impact of Texas High School Science Teacher Credentials on Student Performance in High School Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Anna Ray Bayless

    2012-01-01

    A study was conducted to determine the relationship between the credentials held by science teachers who taught at a school that administered the Science Texas Assessment on Knowledge and Skills (Science TAKS), the state standardized exam in science, at grade 11 and student performance on a state standardized exam in science administered in grade…

  5. Trans-Local Academic Credentials and the (Re)production of Financial Elites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Sarah; Appleyard, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the ways in which credentials from a range of education providers are used to (re)produce transnational financial elites in London's international financial district. Extant research has examined the long-standing relationship between educational background and entry into these financial labour markets. Far less attention has…

  6. Meaningful Credential Renewal: A Policy Proposal to Strengthen Teaching Quality in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esch, Camille; Koppich, Julia; Seder, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Teacher effectiveness is known to be a critical factor in student learning and success. California has made some notable efforts to strengthen teaching, but the most coherent state-level initiatives have been limited to the earliest stages of teachers' careers. After the credentialing and induction phase, state policy does virtually nothing to…

  7. A National Study of State Credentialing Requirements for Administrators of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boscardin, Mary Lynn; Weir, Kerry; Kusek, Christopher

    2010-01-01

    Unlike data that show that all states require credentials for special education teachers, national data indicate that only 27 states require licensure/certification/endorsement as an administrator of special education. The titles used by states to identify the local director of special education include administrator of special education, director…

  8. 46 CFR 15.605 - Credentialed operators for uninspected passenger vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Credentialed operators for uninspected passenger vessels. 15.605 Section 15.605 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MANNING REQUIREMENTS Manning Requirements; Uninspected Vessels § 15.605...

  9. 46 CFR 15.605 - Credentialed operators for uninspected passenger vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Credentialed operators for uninspected passenger vessels. 15.605 Section 15.605 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MANNING REQUIREMENTS Manning Requirements; Uninspected Vessels § 15.605...

  10. 46 CFR 15.605 - Credentialed operators for uninspected passenger vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Credentialed operators for uninspected passenger vessels. 15.605 Section 15.605 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MANNING REQUIREMENTS Manning Requirements; Uninspected Vessels § 15.605...

  11. 46 CFR 10.201 - General characteristics of the merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (MMC) (Coast Guard Form CG-4610), is a credential combining the elements of the merchant mariner's... appear in the form of an endorsement(s) on an MMC. (b) An MMC authorizes the holder to serve in any... general endorsement. (c) An MMC may be issued to qualified applicants by the National Maritime Center...

  12. 46 CFR 10.201 - General characteristics of the merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (MMC) (Coast Guard Form CG-4610), is a credential combining the elements of the merchant mariner's... appear in the form of an endorsement(s) on an MMC. (b) An MMC authorizes the holder to serve in any... general endorsement. (c) An MMC may be issued to qualified applicants by the National Maritime Center...

  13. 46 CFR 10.201 - General characteristics of the merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (MMC) (Coast Guard Form CG-4610), is a credential combining the elements of the merchant mariner's... appear in the form of an endorsement(s) on an MMC. (b) An MMC authorizes the holder to serve in any... general endorsement. (c) An MMC may be issued to qualified applicants by the National Maritime Center...

  14. 46 CFR 10.201 - General characteristics of the merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (MMC) (Coast Guard Form CG-4610), is a credential combining the elements of the merchant mariner's... appear in the form of an endorsement(s) on an MMC. (b) An MMC authorizes the holder to serve in any... general endorsement. (c) An MMC may be issued to qualified applicants by the National Maritime Center...

  15. 46 CFR 10.235 - Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....235 Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials. (a) Any MMC or endorsement is subject to... purpose, and any MMC subsequently requested must be applied for as an original following the procedures of §§ 5.901-5.905 of this subchapter. When an endorsement on an individual's MMC is revoked, it is...

  16. 46 CFR 10.201 - General characteristics of the merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (MMC) (Coast Guard Form CG-4610), is a credential combining the elements of the merchant mariner's... separate documents appear in the form of an endorsement(s) on an MMC. (b) An MMC authorizes the holder to... capacity covered by a general endorsement. (c) An MMC may be issued to qualified applicants by the...

  17. 46 CFR 10.235 - Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....235 Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials. (a) Any MMC or endorsement is subject to... purpose, and any MMC subsequently requested must be applied for as an original following the procedures of §§ 5.901-5.905 of this subchapter. When an endorsement on an individual's MMC is revoked, it is...

  18. 46 CFR 10.235 - Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....235 Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials. (a) Any MMC or endorsement is subject to... purpose, and any MMC subsequently requested must be applied for as an original following the procedures of §§ 5.901-5.905 of this subchapter. When an endorsement on an individual's MMC is revoked, it is...

  19. Nationally Certified Educational Diagnostician: A Credential with Value-Added Potential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Joe P.; Montani, Teresa O.; Frawley, Patricia A.; McElroy, Patricia A.

    2014-01-01

    Growing a national certification program requires systematic research to determine its impact on certificate holders and effectiveness in serving the public. Launched in 2007, the literature to date on the efficacy and value-added effect of the Nationally Certified Educational Diagnostician (NCED) credential is virtually nonexistent. Increased…

  20. Health Coaching: An Update on the National Consortium for Credentialing of Health & Wellness Coaches

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    In September 2014, Global Advances in Health and Medicine editor Michele Mittelman, RN, MPH, interviewed four of the leaders in health and wellness coaching about trends in coaching and the progress of the National Consortium for Credentialing of Health & Wellness Coaches. Following are the transcripts of those interviews. Additionally, videos of the interviews are available at www.gahmj.com. PMID:25694854

  1. The Advanced Credential for Health Education Specialists: A Seven-Year Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dennis, Dixie L.; Lysoby, Linda

    2010-01-01

    The only advanced credential exam for health educators, The Master Certified Health Education Specialist (MCHES), involved a seven-year process. The process began in December 2004, with the information from the Competency Update Project (CUP) report that health educators practice at entry- and advanced-levels of practice. In October 2011, the date…

  2. Toward International Collaboration on Credentialing in Health Promotion and Health Education: The Galway Consensus Conference

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allegrante, John P.; Barry, Margaret M.; Auld, M. Elaine; Lamarre, Marie-Claude; Taub, Alyson

    2009-01-01

    The interest in competencies, standards, and quality assurance in the professional preparation of public health professionals whose work involves health promotion and health education dates back several decades. In Australia, Europe, and North America, where the interest in credentialing has gained momentum, there have been rapidly evolving…

  3. Trans-Local Academic Credentials and the (Re)production of Financial Elites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Sarah; Appleyard, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the ways in which credentials from a range of education providers are used to (re)produce transnational financial elites in London's international financial district. Extant research has examined the long-standing relationship between educational background and entry into these financial labour markets. Far less attention has…

  4. Back to Beginnings: Credentialism, Productivity, and Adam Smith's Division of Labour.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Denis J.

    1981-01-01

    The foundation of factional pressures for upgrading educational credentials in the labor market is examined through a review of human capital and screening theories. The writings of Adam Smith are referenced to show that the claims of the beneficial effects of educational upgrading have been questioned for 200 years. (Author/MLW)

  5. Open Learning and Formal Credentialing in Higher Education: Curriculum Models and Institutional Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reushle, Shirley, Ed.; Antonio, Amy, Ed.; Keppell, Mike, Ed.

    2016-01-01

    The discipline of education is a multi-faceted system that must constantly integrate new strategies and procedures to ensure successful learning experiences. Enhancements in education provide learners with greater opportunities for growth and advancement. "Open Learning and Formal Credentialing in Higher Education: Curriculum Models and…

  6. Progress and Directions in Professional Credentialing for Health Education in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cottrell, Randall R.; Auld, M. Elaine; Birch, David A.; Taub, Alyson; King, Laura Rasar; Allegrante, John P.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides an update on initiatives in individual certification and accreditation of academic programs in public/community health education and school health education in the United States. Although we provide some historical context, the focus primarily addresses credentialing efforts that have evolved since the Galway Consensus…

  7. Does Higher Education Expansion Reduce Credentialism and Gender Discrimination in Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Ching-Yuan; Lin, Chun-Hung A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the effects of higher education expansion on the phenomena of credentialism and gender discrimination in education. Using the survey data of Family Income and Expenditure by DGBAS, Taiwan from 1980 to 2009, we examine the time path of the effect of higher education expansion on household expenditures for children's…

  8. Nationally Certified Educational Diagnostician (NCED): The Professional Credential for Assessment Specialists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Joe P.; Frye, Ellen M.; Frawley, Patricia A.

    2009-01-01

    A new professional credential, the Nationally Certified Educational Diagnostician (NCED), was established in 2006 for assessment specialists known as educational diagnosticians. The first cohort of 511 diagnosticians from 11 states received NCED certificates in January 2008. Discussed in this article are several issues of concern related to…

  9. The Motherhood Penalty and the Professional Credential: Inequality in Career Development for Those with Professional Degrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berggren, Caroline; Lauster, Nathanael

    2014-01-01

    Transitions from education to work constitute a distinct set of situations where discrimination is likely to occur. Gender beliefs generally disadvantage women, and when coupled with beliefs regarding parental responsibility, tend to heavily disadvantage mothers. Yet we suggest that professional credentials create a divided labour market, with…

  10. A Decade of Data: The Compensation and Credentials of Arizona's Early Care and Education Workforce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Children's Action Alliance, 2008

    2008-01-01

    As Arizona strives for a first-rate educational system, the foundation of care and education for our youngest children remains far too weak. This new report, "A Decade of Data: The Compensation and Credentials of Arizona's Early Care and Education Workforce," marks ten years of data on trends in the wages, benefits, and education levels of…

  11. Private credentialing of health care personnel: an antitrust perspective. Part One.

    PubMed

    Havighurst, C C; King, N M

    1983-01-01

    This Article explores the antitrust and other implications of private credentialing and accrediting programs in the health care industry. Although such programs are usually sponsored by powerful competitor groups, they serve the procompetitive purpose of providing useful information and authoritative advice to independent decision makers. Part One examines the risk that credentialing will sometimes be unfair to competitors and deceive consumers. Its survey of common-law, antitrust, and regulatory interventions to correct such unfairness and deception seeks to determine the degree of oversight to which credentialing and similar activities have been and should be subjected. In recommending that judicial or regulatory scrutiny should be limited to discovering whether standards and practices have a rational relation to a procompetitive purpose, the Article argues that greater intrusion into credentialing schemes would be inconsistent with market theory and first amendment values and would discourage line-drawing efforts that stimulate competition and facilitate consumer choice. By emphasizing throughout that personnel certification and institutional accreditation embody ideology and opinion as well as factual information, Part One sets the stage for the argument in Part Two that antitrust law can and should be used to contest the dominance of a single ideology of health care and to facilitate the development of alternative sources of consumer information. The Article's overall thesis is that, whereas the quality of advice given to the public about health care personnel and similar matters should not be closely regulated, neither should the supply of competing information and opinion be artificially curtailed. PMID:6670662

  12. Admissions; Evaluation of Credentials; Financial Aids; Marketing and Recruitment; Articulation Agreements and Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College and University, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Proceedings of the 67th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers which relate to admissions, evaluation of credentials, student financial aid, marketing and recruitment, and articulation agreements and practices are summarized. Names and institutions of conference participants are included. (MSE)

  13. Admissions; Evaluation of Credentials; Financial Aids; Marketing and Recruitment; Articulation Agreements and Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College and University, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Proceedings of the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers that relate to admissions, evaluation of credentials, financial aid, marketing and recruitment, and articulation agreements and practices are summarized. Names and institutions of conference participants are included. (MSE)

  14. How and Why do Teacher Credentials Matter for Student Achievement? NBER Working Paper No. 12828

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

    2007-01-01

    Education researchers and policy makers agree that teachers differ in terms of quality and that quality matters for student achievement. Despite prodigious amounts of research, however, debate still persists about the causal relationship between specific teacher credentials and student achievement. In this paper, we use a rich administrative data…

  15. Perspectives on Terminology and Conceptual and Professional Issues in Health Education and Health Promotion Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taub, Alyson; Allegrante, John P.; Barry, Margaret M.; Sakagami, Keiko

    2009-01-01

    This article was prepared to inform the deliberations of the Galway Consensus Conference by providing a common and global reference point for the discussion of terminology and key conceptual and professional issues in the credentialing of health education and health promotion specialists. The article provides a review of the terminology that is…

  16. Perspectives on Terminology and Conceptual and Professional Issues in Health Education and Health Promotion Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taub, Alyson; Allegrante, John P.; Barry, Margaret M.; Sakagami, Keiko

    2009-01-01

    This article was prepared to inform the deliberations of the Galway Consensus Conference by providing a common and global reference point for the discussion of terminology and key conceptual and professional issues in the credentialing of health education and health promotion specialists. The article provides a review of the terminology that is…

  17. Verification of the Integrity and Legitimacy of Academic Credential Documents in an International Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gollin, George D.

    2009-01-01

    The global demand for higher education currently exceeds the world's existing university capacity. This shortfall is likely to persist for the foreseeable future, raising concerns that frustrated students might choose to purchase fraudulent credentials from counterfeiters or diploma mills. International efforts to encourage the development of…

  18. The Perceived Influence of Industry-Sponsored Credentials in the Information Technology Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartlett, Kenneth R.

    A study investigated the influence of information technology (IT)-industry-sponsored credentials from both organizational and individual perspectives. A senior-level human resource (HR) executive from each of 33 organizations with 500 or more employees completed a paper-and-pencil questionnaire (response rate=66% of the 50 organizations comprising…

  19. Industry-Sponsored Credentials. In Brief: Fast Facts for Policy and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wonacott, Michael E.

    A study investigated the influence of information technology (IT) industry-sponsored credentials commonly called IT certifications (ITCs) from both organizational and individual perspectives. Findings indicated that there was increasing acceptance, prevalence, and benefits of ITCs in business and industry. Both executives and employees reported…

  20. 46 CFR 5.61 - Acts or offenses for which revocation of credentials is sought.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Acts or offenses for which revocation of credentials is sought. 5.61 Section 5.61 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC MARINE INVESTIGATION REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Statement of Policy and Interpretation § 5.61 Acts or offenses for which...

  1. 46 CFR 15.605 - Credentialed operators for uninspected passenger vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Credentialed operators for uninspected passenger vessels. 15.605 Section 15.605 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MANNING REQUIREMENTS Manning Requirements; Uninspected Vessels § 15.605...

  2. 78 FR 20289 - Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC)-Reader Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-04

    ... ``Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC)--Reader Requirements'' NPRM (78 FR 17781) on Thursday... notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) in the Federal Register (78 FR 17781), in which we proposed to... Commercial Driver's License, 72 FR 3492 (Jan. 25, 2007). This NPRM that is the subject of this public...

  3. 78 FR 20558 - Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC)-Reader Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-05

    ... ``Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC)--Reader Requirements'' NPRM (78 FR 17781) on Thursday, May... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) in the Federal Register (78 FR 17781), in which we proposed to require owners... License, 72 FR 3492 (Jan. 25, 2007). This NPRM that is the subject of this public meeting, which...

  4. The Credential Question: Attitudes of Teaching Artists in Dance and Theatre Arts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Risner, Doug; Anderson, Mary Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    Drawn from the authors' larger study of teaching artists in dance and theatre arts (Anderson and Risner, Hybrid Lives), this analysis investigated participants' (n = 172) attitudes and beliefs about the need and relevance of a teaching artist credential or certificate. Data were obtained through an in-depth, online survey, electronic…

  5. Toward the Development of a Model to Estimate the Readability of Credentialing-Examination Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badgett, Barbara A.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a set of procedures to establish readability, including an equation, that accommodates the multiple-choice item format and occupational-specific language related to credentialing examinations. The procedures and equation should be appropriate for learning materials, examination materials, and occupational…

  6. Credentials, Talent and Cultural Capital: A Comparative Study of Educational Elites in England and France

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Phillip; Power, Sally; Tholen, Gerbrand; Allouch, Annabelle

    2016-01-01

    This article examines student accounts of credentials, talent and academic success, against a backdrop of the enduring liberal ideal of an education-based meritocracy. The article also examines Bourdieu's account of academic qualifications as the dominant source of institutionalised cultural capital, and concludes that it does not adequately…

  7. A National Survey of School Based Teacher Educator Credentialing Process. School Based Teacher Educators, Number 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stell, Eugenia Ann; And Others

    This study was conducted to determine the extensiveness and form of credentialing for those persons engaged in staff development. Questionnaires were mailed to the Director of Teacher Education and Certification at the State Department of Education in forty-nine states and the District of Columbia (Texas was not included). All of the…

  8. Head Start Male Role Model Child Development Associate Credentialing Curriculum Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christianson, Linda

    The Head Start Male Role Model Child Development Associate (CDA) Credential Program is based on the assumptions that men are valued as nurturers of small children; that low-income Black and Hispanic males can be successful as educators and role models to young children and other men; and that early childhood education can be a remunerative and…

  9. 46 CFR 5.61 - Acts or offenses for which revocation of credentials is sought.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Acts or offenses for which revocation of credentials is sought. 5.61 Section 5.61 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC MARINE INVESTIGATION REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Statement of Policy and Interpretation § 5.61 Acts or offenses for which...

  10. Nursing Wages and Educational Credentials: The Role of Work Experience and Selectivity Bias.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Botelho, Anabela; Jones, Cheryl Bland; Kiker, B. F.

    1998-01-01

    Compares registered nurses' wage profiles across three types of educational backgrounds (two-, three-, and four-year programs), allowing for alternative construction of the work-experience variable and correcting for participation selectivity and choice-of-credential biases. Results suggest that estimated wage equations are quite sensitive to the…

  11. The case for an electronic fetal heart rate monitoring credentialing examination.

    PubMed

    Berkowitz, Richard L; D'Alton, Mary E; Goldberg, James D; O'Keeffe, Dan F; Spitz, Jean; Depp, Richard; Nageotte, Michael P

    2014-03-01

    The Perinatal Quality Foundation has created an examination containing both knowledge-based and judgment questions relating to the interpretation of electronic fetal heart rate monitoring for credentialing all medical and nursing personnel working on a labor and delivery floor. A description of the examination and the rationale for its use throughout the United States is presented. PMID:24113255

  12. The Use of Distance Learning Technology by Business Teachers for Credentialing and Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pritchett, Christal C.; White, Bonnie J.; Skinner, Leane B.

    2006-01-01

    This study was designed to determine the degree to which Alabama business education teachers are utilizing distance learning technology in their courses and the extent to which Alabama business education teachers are enhancing their credentials via distance education. Alabama business education teachers were surveyed to determine the degree of…

  13. Verification of the Integrity and Legitimacy of Academic Credential Documents in an International Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gollin, George D.

    2009-01-01

    The global demand for higher education currently exceeds the world's existing university capacity. This shortfall is likely to persist for the foreseeable future, raising concerns that frustrated students might choose to purchase fraudulent credentials from counterfeiters or diploma mills. International efforts to encourage the development of…

  14. 21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners. 1311.105 Section 1311.105 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRONIC ORDERS AND PRESCRIPTIONS (Eff. 6-1-10) Electronic Prescriptions § 1311.105 Requirements...

  15. Predictors of Success on Professional Credentialing Examinations of Athletic Training Undergraduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esparza, Shandra Dawn

    2012-01-01

    Compared to other allied health programs, graduates of athletic training (AT) programs have lower pass rates on their national credentialing examination (48%). In 2013, the new Standards for Entry Level AT Programs from the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE) will require AT education programs to be accountable for…

  16. The Motherhood Penalty and the Professional Credential: Inequality in Career Development for Those with Professional Degrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berggren, Caroline; Lauster, Nathanael

    2014-01-01

    Transitions from education to work constitute a distinct set of situations where discrimination is likely to occur. Gender beliefs generally disadvantage women, and when coupled with beliefs regarding parental responsibility, tend to heavily disadvantage mothers. Yet we suggest that professional credentials create a divided labour market, with…

  17. Improving Teacher Preparation and Credentialing Consistent with the National Science Education Standards: Report of a Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education.

    In February, 1996, representatives of departments of education and major teacher education colleges in 39 states, the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Department of Defense met at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. to identify and discuss issues surrounding the preparation and credentialing of science…

  18. Credentials, Talent and Cultural Capital: A Comparative Study of Educational Elites in England and France

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Phillip; Power, Sally; Tholen, Gerbrand; Allouch, Annabelle

    2016-01-01

    This article examines student accounts of credentials, talent and academic success, against a backdrop of the enduring liberal ideal of an education-based meritocracy. The article also examines Bourdieu's account of academic qualifications as the dominant source of institutionalised cultural capital, and concludes that it does not adequately…

  19. Efficient and Secure Temporal Credential-Based Authenticated Key Agreement Using Extended Chaotic Maps for Wireless Sensor Networks.

    PubMed

    Lee, Tian-Fu

    2015-01-01

    A secure temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) enables a user, a sensor node and a gateway node to realize mutual authentication using temporal credentials. The user and the sensor node then negotiate a common secret key with the help of the gateway node, and establish a secure and authenticated channel using this common secret key. To increase efficiency, recent temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement schemes for WSNs have been designed to involve few computational operations, such as hash and exclusive-or operations. However, these schemes cannot protect the privacy of users and withstand possible attacks. This work develops a novel temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement scheme for WSNs using extended chaotic maps, in which operations are more efficient than modular exponential computations and scalar multiplications on an elliptic curve. The proposed scheme not only provides higher security and efficiency than related schemes, but also resolves their weaknesses. PMID:26121612

  20. Efficient and Secure Temporal Credential-Based Authenticated Key Agreement Using Extended Chaotic Maps for Wireless Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Tian-Fu

    2015-01-01

    A secure temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) enables a user, a sensor node and a gateway node to realize mutual authentication using temporal credentials. The user and the sensor node then negotiate a common secret key with the help of the gateway node, and establish a secure and authenticated channel using this common secret key. To increase efficiency, recent temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement schemes for WSNs have been designed to involve few computational operations, such as hash and exclusive-or operations. However, these schemes cannot protect the privacy of users and withstand possible attacks. This work develops a novel temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement scheme for WSNs using extended chaotic maps, in which operations are more efficient than modular exponential computations and scalar multiplications on an elliptic curve. The proposed scheme not only provides higher security and efficiency than related schemes, but also resolves their weaknesses. PMID:26121612

  1. Credentials for a PharmD graduate: The voyage never ends

    PubMed Central

    Nishtala, Prasad S

    2015-01-01

    Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) is a professional pharmacy degree qualification offered by universities world-wide. While the graduates from the West are familiar with scope and job opportunities that present on completion of a PharmD degree, graduates from Asia and the Middle-East are coming to grips with the future of PharmD program and the role that it could play in career advancement. Through this review, we would like to highlight that numerous credential programs are available which can be added to the armory of PharmD graduates for advancement of their professional careers. The credentials detailed in this review are designed for PharmD graduates to optimize pharmaceutical care in specialized clinical settings such as geriatrics and ambulatory medicine. We have assembled an extensive list of post-PharmD educational opportunities to enhance professional practice for pharmacy graduates. PMID:26770783

  2. Privacy-Preserving Authentication of Users with Smart Cards Using One-Time Credentials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Jun-Cheol

    User privacy preservation is critical to prevent many sophisticated attacks that are based on the user's server access patterns and ID-related information. We propose a password-based user authentication scheme that provides strong privacy protection using one-time credentials. It eliminates the possibility of tracing a user's authentication history and hides the user's ID and password even from servers. In addition, it is resistant against user impersonation even if both a server's verification database and a user's smart card storage are disclosed. We also provide a revocation scheme for a user to promptly invalidate the user's credentials on a server when the user's smart card is compromised. The schemes use lightweight operations only such as computing hashes and bitwise XORs.

  3. Welfare state retrenchment and increasing mental health inequality by educational credentials in Finland: a multicohort study

    PubMed Central

    Kokkinen, Lauri; Muntaner, Carles; Kouvonen, Anne; Koskinen, Aki; Varje, Pekka; Väänänen, Ari

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Epidemiological studies have shown an association between educational credentials and mental disorders, but have not offered any explanation for the varying strength of this association in different historical contexts. In this study, we investigate the education-specific trends in hospitalisation due to psychiatric disorders in Finnish working-age men and women between 1976 and 2010, and offer a welfare state explanation for the secular trends found. Setting Population-based setting with a 25% random sample of the population aged 30–65 years in 7 independent consecutive cohorts (1976–1980, 1981–1985, 1986–1990, 1991–1995, 1996–2000, 2001–2005, 2006–2010). Participants Participants were randomly selected from the Statistics Finland population database (n=2 865 746). These data were linked to diagnosis-specific records on hospitalisations, drawn from the National Hospital Discharge Registry using personal identification numbers. Employment rates by educational credentials were drawn from the Statistics Finland employment database. Primary and secondary outcome measures Hospitalisation and employment. Results We found an increasing trend in psychiatric hospitalisation rates among the population with only an elementary school education, and a decreasing trend in those with higher educational credentials. The employment rate of the population with only an elementary school education decreased more than that of those with higher educational credentials. Conclusions We propose that restricted employment opportunities are the main mechanism behind the increased educational inequality in hospitalisation for psychiatric disorders, while several secondary mechanisms (lack of outpatient healthcare services, welfare cuts, decreased alcohol duty) further accelerated the diverging long-term trends. All of these inequality-increasing mechanisms were activated by welfare state retrenchment, which included the liberalisation of financial markets and labour markets, severe austerity measures and narrowing down of public sector employment commitment. PMID:26041491

  4. Equilibrium structure and relative stability of glyceraldehyde conformers: Gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) and quantum-chemical studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogt, Natalja; Atavin, Evgenii G.; Rykov, Anatolii N.; Popov, Evgenii V.; Vilkov, Lev V.

    2009-11-01

    For the first time, the five dimensional (5-D) analysis of potential energy surface (PES) from quantum-chemical calculations was carried out to predict reliably the various glyceraldehyde (GLA) conformers. 36 conformers with relative stabilities up to 38 kJ/mol were found in the B3LYP approximation. According to results of MP2/cc-pVQZ calculations, the molecule exists at the experimental temperature of 388 K as a mixture of five conformers in the ratio I:II:III:IV:V = 63:18:4:10:5. Contrary to the theoretical conclusion of Lovas et al., the conformer IV is predicted to be more stable than the conformer III. Our result can explain why the conformer IV could be detected in the microwave (MW) spectroscopic experiment by Lovas et al., whereas the conformer III could not. For the first time, thermal-average and equilibrium structural parameters of GLA (main conformer) have been determined from gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) data. Vibrational corrections to the experimental bond lengths were determined using quadratic and cubic force constants from high-level ab initio calculations (MP2/cc-pVTZ). It was shown that the experimental intensities are sensitive to the contribution of the second conformer (27(15)%). Rotational constants calculated from MP2/cc-pVQZ geometries were found to be in excellent agreement with the experimental rotational constants corrected for anharmonic effects.

  5. TU-C-9A-01: IROC Organization and Clinical Trial Credentialing

    SciTech Connect

    Followill, D; Molineu, A; Xiao, Y

    2014-06-15

    As a response to recommendations from a report from the Institute of Medicine, NCI is reorganizing it clinical trial groups into a National Clinical Trial Network (NCTN) that consists of four adult groups (Alliance, ECOGACRIN, NRG, and SWOG) and one children’s group (COG). NRG will house CIRO, a center to promote innovative radiation therapy research and intergroup collaboration in radiation. The quality assurance groups that support clinical trials have also been restructured. ITC, OSU Imaging corelab, Philadelphia Imaging core-lab, QARC, RPC, and RTOGQA have joined together to create the Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core (IROC) Group. IROC’s mission is to provide integrated radiation oncology and diagnostic imaging quality control programs in support of the NCI’s NCTN thereby assuring high quality data for clinical trials designed to improve the clinical outcomes for cancer patients worldwide. This will be accomplished through five core services: site qualification, trial design support, credentialing, data management, case review.These changes are important for physicist participating in NCI clinical trials to understand. We will describe in detail the IROC’s activities and five core services so that as a user, the medical physicist can learn how to efficiently utilize this group. We will describe common pitfalls encountered in credentialing for current protocols and present methods to avoid them. These may include the which benchmarks are required for NSABP B-51/RTOG 1304 and how to plan them as well as tips for phantom planning. We will explain how to submit patient and phantom cases in the TRIAD system used by IROC. Learning Objectives: To understand the basic organization of IROC, its mission and five core services To learn how to use TRIAD for patient and phantom data submission To learn how to avoid common pitfalls in credentialing for current trials.

  6. What Is a Bilingual School Psychologist? A National Survey of the Credentialing Bodies of School Psychologists: Implications for the Assessment of Bilinguals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sotelo-Dynega, Marlene

    2015-01-01

    The present study explored the credentialing practices for bilingual school psychologists in the United States. Credentialing agencies of school psychologists, mostly State Departments of Education, across the 50 states and the District of Columbia were contacted via telephone by trained graduate student research assistants. Only two of the…

  7. Credentialing Requirements: A Summary of the Thirty-One Professions Supervised by the Board of Regents and Administered by the New York State Education Department.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    The basic requirements for credentialing in 31 professions supervised by the Board of Regents and administered by the New York State Department of Education are listed. Not every requirement is cited, and a more detailed statement of the credentialing requirements for these professions may be found in Title VIII of the Education Law and in the…

  8. Changing Courses: Instructional Innovations That Help Low-Income Students Succeed in Community College. Opening Doors to Earning Credentials Project Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kazis, Richard; Liebowitz, Marty

    MDRC's Opening Doors to Earning Credentials Project and its early reports found that community colleges are the local educational institutions with the greatest potential for helping low-wage workers earn skills and credentials that lead to educational and career advancement. Opening Doors also identified serious obstacles to realizing that…

  9. Credentialing Requirements: A Summary of the Thirty-One Professions Supervised by the Board of Regents and Administered by the New York State Education Department.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    The basic requirements for credentialing in 31 professions supervised by the Board of Regents and administered by the New York State Department of Education are listed. Not every requirement is cited, and a more detailed statement of the credentialing requirements for these professions may be found in Title VIII of the Education Law and in the…

  10. Web-based credential monitoring instantly flags health professionals with fraudulent licenses or criminal backgrounds.

    PubMed

    Haddad, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    An alarming number of practicing medical professionals and healthcare staffers across the nation may have criminal backgrounds, jeopardizing the health of hundreds of millions of patients and compromising the integrity of healthcare in this country. An investigation conducted by The Los Angeles Times found that an extraordinary number of nurses in California with criminal backgrounds had been allowed to continue working in healthcare facilities for years--their crimes virtually swept under the rug. This article suggests that continuous monitoring of healthcare credentials can mitigate the potential harm posed by credentialing fraud, recommending 24/7 monitoring in real-time as opposed to once every year or two as is the current practice. This would include verification of provider licenses, Drug Enforcement Administration certification, Office of Inspector General status, and criminal offenses. Automatic and continuous monitoring of licenses and other databases for changes and lapses, and reports on issues that are uncovered, help to prevent harmful acts on the part of healthcare providers with questionable backgrounds. PMID:19455871

  11. Credential Creep

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bollag, Burton

    2007-01-01

    When Brenda M. Coppard was studying occupational therapy in the late 1980s, a bachelor's degree was the standard ticket to enter the profession. By the 1990s, a master's degree was expected. Today a doctorate is becoming the norm. Ms. Coppard has pushed for more advanced degrees. In 1999 the associate professor of occupational therapy helped…

  12. SU-E-CAMPUS-J-04: Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT): Review of Technical Standards and Credentialing in Radiotherapy Clinical Trials

    SciTech Connect

    Giaddui, T; Chen, W; Yu, J; Gong, Y; Galvin, J; Xiao, Y; Cui, Y; Yin, F; Craig, T; Dawson, L; Al-Hallaq, H; Chmura, S

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To review IGRT credentialing experience and unexpected technical issues encountered in connection with advanced radiotherapy technologies as implemented in RTOG clinical trials. To update IGRT credentialing procedures with the aim of improving the quality of the process, and to increase the proportion of IGRT credentialing compliance. To develop a living disease site-specific IGRT encyclopedia. Methods: Numerous technical issues were encountered during the IGRT credentialing process. The criteria used for credentialing review were based on: image quality; anatomy included in fused data sets and shift results. Credentialing requirements have been updated according to the AAPM task group reports for IGRT to ensure that all required technical items are included in the quality review process. Implementation instructions have been updated and expanded for recent protocols. Results: Technical issues observed during the credentialing review process include, but are not limited to: poor quality images; inadequate image acquisition region; poor data quality; shifts larger than acceptable; no soft tissue surrogate. The updated IGRT credentialing process will address these issues and will also include the technical items required from AAPM: TG 104; TG 142 and TG 179 reports. An instruction manual has been developed describing a remote credentialing method for reviewers. Submission requirements are updated, including images/documents as well as facility questionnaire. The review report now includes summary of the review process and the parameters that reviewers check. We have reached consensus on the minimum IGRT technical requirement for a number of disease sites. RTOG 1311(NRG-BR002A Phase 1 Study of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) for the Treatment of Multiple Metastases) is an example, here; the protocol specified the minimum requirement for each anatomical sites (with/without fiducials). Conclusion: Technical issues are identified and reported. IGRT guidelines are updated, with the corresponding credentialing requirements. An IGRT encyclopedia describing site-specific implementation issues is currently in development.

  13. Synthesis and Conformational Analysis of 3-Methyl-3-silatetrahydropyran by GED, FTIR, NMR, and Theoretical Calculations: Comparative Analysis of 1-Hetero-3-methyl-3-silacyclohexanes.

    PubMed

    Shainyan, Bagrat A; Kirpichenko, Svetlana V; Chipanina, Nina N; Oznobikhina, Larisa P; Kleinpeter, Erich; Shlykov, Sergey A; Osadchiy, Dmitriy Yu

    2015-12-18

    3-Methyl-3-silatetrahydropyran 1 was synthesized and its molecular structure and conformational behavior was studied by gas-phase electron diffraction (GED), FTIR, low temperature (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, and by theoretical calculations (DFT, MP2). Two conformers, 1-ax and 1-eq, were located on the potential energy surface. In the gas phase, a slight predominance of the axial conformer was determined, with the ratio 1-ax:1-eq = 54(9):46(9) (from GED) or 53:47 or 61:39 (from IR). In solution, LT NMR spectroscopy at 103 K gives the ratio 1-ax:1-eq = 35:65 (-ΔG°103 = 0.13 kcal/mol). Simulation of solvent effects using the PCM continuum model or by calculation of the corresponding solvent-solute complexes allowed us to rationalize the experimentally observed opposite conformational predominance of the conformers of 3-methyl-3-silatetrahydropyran in the gas phase and in solution. Comparative analysis of the effect of heteroatom in 1-hetero-3-methyl-3-silacyclohexanes on the structure, stereoelectronic interactions, and relative energies of the conformers is done. PMID:26587759

  14. Urban Youth and School Pushout: Gateways, Get-aways, and the GED. Critical Youth Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Eve

    2011-01-01

    Recent efforts to reform urban high schools have been marked by the pursuit of ever-increasing accountability policies, most notably through the use of high-stakes standardized testing, mayoral control, and secondary school exit exams. "Urban Youth and School Pushout" excavates the unintended consequences of such policies on secondary school…

  15. Urban Youth and School Pushout: Gateways, Get-aways, and the GED. Critical Youth Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Eve

    2011-01-01

    Recent efforts to reform urban high schools have been marked by the pursuit of ever-increasing accountability policies, most notably through the use of high-stakes standardized testing, mayoral control, and secondary school exit exams. "Urban Youth and School Pushout" excavates the unintended consequences of such policies on secondary school…

  16. Institutional Variation in Credential Completion: Evidence from Washington State Community and Technical Colleges. CCRC Working Paper No. 33

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott-Clayton, Judith; Weiss, Madeline Joy

    2011-01-01

    As community colleges search for models of organizational success, new attention is being paid to technical colleges--institutions that primarily offer terminal programs in specific career-related fields rather than focusing on more general academic credentials and transfer programs as many comprehensive institutions do. Recent research observes…

  17. Transnational Geographies of Academic Distinction: The Role of Social Capital in the Recognition and Evaluation of "Overseas" Credentials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waters, Johanna L.

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the role of specific and place-based social capital in the recognition and evaluation of international credentials. Whilst research on labour market segmentation has contributed towards an understanding of the spatial variability of the value of human capital, very little attention has been paid to the ways in which the…

  18. Opening Doors to Earning Credentials: Supporting CalWORKS Students at California Community Colleges. An Exploratory Focus Group Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Laura; Purnell, Rogeair

    The challenges faced by low-income parents as they pursued an associate's degree or postsecondary credential and the effects of the comprehensive student services offered by the CalWORKs community college program were examined through focus groups at the following California community colleges: Grossmont College; Sacramento City College; and Santa…

  19. Labor Market Returns to Sub-Baccalaureate Credentials: How Much Does a Community College Degree or Certificate Pay?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dadgar, Mina; Trimble, Madeline Joy

    2015-01-01

    This study provides one of the first estimates of the returns to different types of community college credentials--short-term certificates, long-term certificates, and associate degrees--across different fields of study. We exploit a rich data set that includes matched, longitudinal college transcripts and Unemployment Insurance records for…

  20. "It's Considered a Second Class Thing." The Differences in Status between Traditional and Newly Established Higher Education Credentials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka

    2015-01-01

    Although the system of educational credentials differs in many important ways from country to country, all western countries have experienced a similar trend in the form of an increasing number of graduate degrees. Graduate degrees have also taken on a bewildering range of forms and content. As a consequence, not all graduate degrees have the same…

  1. Transnational Geographies of Academic Distinction: The Role of Social Capital in the Recognition and Evaluation of "Overseas" Credentials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waters, Johanna L.

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the role of specific and place-based social capital in the recognition and evaluation of international credentials. Whilst research on labour market segmentation has contributed towards an understanding of the spatial variability of the value of human capital, very little attention has been paid to the ways in which the…

  2. Timing Is Everything: Building State Policy on Teacher Credentialing in an Era of Multiple, Competing, and Rapid Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandy, Mary Vixie

    2006-01-01

    Senate Bill (SB) 2042, authored by Senator Marion Bergeson, was passed to establish a new system for providing teacher preparation within the state of California. The credentialing reforms introduced in SB 2042 follow a tradition described by Irving Hendrik and stake their own claims regarding the locus of control over teacher quality, the role of…

  3. Director Credential Action Pack. Taking the Lead: Investing in Early Childhood Leadership for the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheelock Coll., Boston, MA. Center for Career Development in Early Care and Education.

    The movement to advance directors and administrators of early childhood programs is taking hold in many communities and states. Focusing on critical elements and updates from across the nation, this packet provides resources, prototype information, and guidelines for people in the process of setting up director credentialing programs. Sheets…

  4. Case Study: Investigating the Impact of the Child Development Associate Credentialing Process on Child Care Provider Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Vickie

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to investigate what impact the child development associate (CDA) credential has on the performance of childcare providers in the 6 CDA competency areas. Each participant was interviewed using 9 open-ended questions regarding their experience. Over the past few years, a number of studies have examined the effects…

  5. Labor Market Returns to Sub-Baccalaureate Credentials: How Much Does a Community College Degree or Certificate Pay?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dadgar, Mina; Trimble, Madeline Joy

    2015-01-01

    This study provides one of the first estimates of the returns to different types of community college credentials--short-term certificates, long-term certificates, and associate degrees--across different fields of study. We exploit a rich data set that includes matched, longitudinal college transcripts and Unemployment Insurance records for…

  6. Credential Inflation and The Professional Doctorate in California Higher Education. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.1.04

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Belle, Thomas J.

    2004-01-01

    The article argues that the time has come to change California's 1960 Master Plan for higher education by permitting the California State University (CSU) to award the doctorate in selected professional programs. The article also addresses the inadequacies of the joint doctorate as the means to remedy degree or credential creep; the CSU's focus on…

  7. 21 CFR 1311.110 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners eligible to use...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... institutional practitioner. 1311.110 Section 1311.110 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... authorization to issue the authentication credentials to a separate entity within the institutional practitioner... must retain a record of the identity-proofing. An institutional practitioner that elects to issue...

  8. 21 CFR 1311.110 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners eligible to use...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... institutional practitioner. 1311.110 Section 1311.110 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... authorization to issue the authentication credentials to a separate entity within the institutional practitioner... must retain a record of the identity-proofing. An institutional practitioner that elects to issue...

  9. 21 CFR 1311.110 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners eligible to use...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... institutional practitioner. 1311.110 Section 1311.110 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... authorization to issue the authentication credentials to a separate entity within the institutional practitioner... must retain a record of the identity-proofing. An institutional practitioner that elects to issue...

  10. 21 CFR 1311.110 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners eligible to use...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners eligible to use an electronic prescription application of an institutional practitioner. 1311.110 Section 1311.110 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRONIC...

  11. Case Study: Investigating the Impact of the Child Development Associate Credentialing Process on Child Care Provider Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Vickie

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to investigate what impact the child development associate (CDA) credential has on the performance of childcare providers in the 6 CDA competency areas. Each participant was interviewed using 9 open-ended questions regarding their experience. Over the past few years, a number of studies have examined the effects…

  12. TU-C-BRE-05: Clinical Implications of AAA Commissioning Errors and Ability of Common Commissioning ' Credentialing Procedures to Detect Them

    SciTech Connect

    McVicker, A; Oldham, M; Yin, F; Adamson, J

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To test the ability of the TG-119 commissioning process and RPC credentialing to detect errors in the commissioning process for a commercial Treatment Planning System (TPS). Methods: We introduced commissioning errors into the commissioning process for the Anisotropic Analytical Algorithm (AAA) within the Eclipse TPS. We included errors in Dosimetric Leaf Gap (DLG), electron contamination, flattening filter material, and beam profile measurement with an inappropriately large farmer chamber (simulated using sliding window smoothing of profiles). We then evaluated the clinical impact of these errors on clinical intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans (head and neck, low and intermediate risk prostate, mesothelioma, and scalp) by looking at PTV D99, and mean and max OAR dose. Finally, for errors with substantial clinical impact we determined sensitivity of the RPC IMRT film analysis at the midpoint between PTV and OAR using a 4mm distance to agreement metric, and of a 7% TLD dose comparison. We also determined sensitivity of the 3 dose planes of the TG-119 C-shape IMRT phantom using gamma criteria of 3% 3mm. Results: The largest clinical impact came from large changes in the DLG with a change of 1mm resulting in up to a 5% change in the primary PTV D99. This resulted in a discrepancy in the RPC TLDs in the PTVs and OARs of 7.1% and 13.6% respectively, which would have resulted in detection. While use of incorrect flattening filter caused only subtle errors (<1%) in clinical plans, the effect was most pronounced for the RPC TLDs in the OARs (>6%). Conclusion: The AAA commissioning process within the Eclipse TPS is surprisingly robust to user error. When errors do occur, the RPC and TG-119 commissioning credentialing criteria are effective at detecting them; however OAR TLDs are the most sensitive despite the RPC currently excluding them from analysis.

  13. Health and medical blog content and its relationships with blogger credentials and blog host.

    PubMed

    Buis, Lorraine R; Carpenter, Serena

    2009-12-01

    People may utilize various sources when searching for health information, including blogs. This study sought to describe the nature of non-personal journal health and medical blog posts and the frequency of interactive blog feature use within these blogs, as well as to understand the quality of content found within health and medical blogs as determined by blogger expertise and blog host. A quantitative content analysis was performed on 398 blog posts from a constructed 1-week sample of posts in WebMD, Yahoo!Health Expert Blogs, and independently hosted blogs. Results show most health and medical blog posts highlighted and provided commentary pertaining to medical issues found in external media such as books, television, Web sites, magazines, and newspapers, whereas only 16% contained actual health or medical information. In addition, distinct differences in patterns of content were evident between credentialed and noncredentialed bloggers, as well as different blog hosts. PMID:20183379

  14. Experimental and credentialing capital: an adaptable framework for facilitating science outreach for underrepresented youth.

    PubMed

    Drazan, John F; D'Amato, Anthony R; Winkelman, Max A; Littlejohn, Aaron J; Johnson, Christopher; Ledet, Eric H; Eglash, Ron

    2015-08-01

    Increasing the numbers of black, latino and native youth in STEM careers is both an important way to reduce poverty in low income communities, and a contribution to the diversity of thought and experience that drives STEM research. But underrepresented youth are often alienated from STEM. Two new forms of social capital have been identified that can be combined to create a learning environment in which students and researchers can meet and explore an area of shared interest. Experimental capital refers to the intrinsic motivation that students can develop when they learn inquiry techniques for exploring topics that they feel ownership over. Credentialing capital denotes a shared interest and ability between all parties engaged in the experimental endeavor. These two forms of social capital form an adaptable framework for researchers to use to create effective outreach programs. In this case study sports biomechanics was utilized as the area of shared interest and understanding the slam dunk was used as experimental capital. PMID:26737094

  15. Armed with a GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cech, Scott J.

    2008-01-01

    This is not an average classroom. All of the 15 students in the English class Christin M. Bradshaw is teaching on a late-October afternoon are dressed identically in desert fatigues and combat boots. All the young men have uniform buzz cuts. Outside, there is the faint popping of distant rifle practice and the shouted commands of drill sergeants…

  16. TH-B-12A-01: TG124 “A Guide for Establishing a Credentialing and Privileging Program for Users of Fluoroscopic Equipment in Healthcare Organizations”

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, M

    2014-06-15

    Fluoroscopy credentialing and privileging programs are being instituted because of recorded patient injuries and the widespread growth in fluoroscopy use by operators whose medical education did not include formal fluoroscopy training. This lack of training is recognized as a patient safety deficiency, and medical physicists and health physicists are finding themselves responsible for helping to establish fluoroscopy credentialing programs. While physicians are very knowledgeable about clinical credentials review and the privileging process, medical physicists and health physicists are not as familiar with the process and associated requirements. To assist the qualified medical physicist (QMP) and the radiation safety officer (RSO) with these new responsibilities, TG 124 provides an overview of the credentialing process, guidance for policy development and incorporating trained fluoroscopy users into a facility's established process, as well as recommendations for developing and maintaining a risk-based fluoroscopy safety training program. This lecture will review the major topics addressed in TG124 and relate them to practical situations. Learning Objectives: Understand the difference between credentialing and privileging. Understand the responsibilities, interaction and coordination among key individuals and committees. Understand options for integrating the QMP and/or RSO and Radiation Safety Committee into the credentialing and privileging process. Understand issues related to implementing the fluoroscopy safety training recommendations and with verifying and documenting successful completion.

  17. Targeted tumor-penetrating siRNA nanocomplexes for credentialing the ovarian cancer oncogene ID4.

    PubMed

    Ren, Yin; Cheung, Hiu Wing; von Maltzhan, Geoffrey; Agrawal, Amit; Cowley, Glenn S; Weir, Barbara A; Boehm, Jesse S; Tamayo, Pablo; Karst, Alison M; Liu, Joyce F; Hirsch, Michelle S; Mesirov, Jill P; Drapkin, Ronny; Root, David E; Lo, Justin; Fogal, Valentina; Ruoslahti, Erkki; Hahn, William C; Bhatia, Sangeeta N

    2012-08-15

    The comprehensive characterization of a large number of cancer genomes will eventually lead to a compendium of genetic alterations in specific cancers. Unfortunately, the number and complexity of identified alterations complicate endeavors to identify biologically relevant mutations critical for tumor maintenance because many of these targets are not amenable to manipulation by small molecules or antibodies. RNA interference provides a direct way to study putative cancer targets; however, specific delivery of therapeutics to the tumor parenchyma remains an intractable problem. We describe a platform for the discovery and initial validation of cancer targets, composed of a systematic effort to identify amplified and essential genes in human cancer cell lines and tumors partnered with a novel modular delivery technology. We developed a tumor-penetrating nanocomplex (TPN) that comprised small interfering RNA (siRNA) complexed with a tandem tumor-penetrating and membrane-translocating peptide, which enabled the specific delivery of siRNA deep into the tumor parenchyma. We used TPN in vivo to evaluate inhibitor of DNA binding 4 (ID4) as a novel oncogene. Treatment of ovarian tumor-bearing mice with ID4-specific TPN suppressed growth of established tumors and significantly improved survival. These observations not only credential ID4 as an oncogene in 32% of high-grade ovarian cancers but also provide a framework for the identification, validation, and understanding of potential therapeutic cancer targets. PMID:22896676

  18. Security of social network credentials for accessing course portal: Users' experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katuk, Norliza; Fong, Choo Sok; Chun, Koo Lee

    2015-12-01

    Social login (SL) has recently emerged as a solution for single sign-on (SSO) within the web and mobile environments. It allows users to use their existing social network credentials (SNC) to login to third party web applications without the need to create a new identity in the intended applications' database. Although it has been used by many web application providers, its' applicability in accessing learning materials is not yet fully investigated. Hence, this research aims to explore users' (i.e., instructors' and students') perception and experience on the security of SL for accessing learning contents. A course portal was developed for students at a higher learning institution and it provides two types of user authentications (i) traditional user authentication, and (ii) SL facility. Users comprised instructors and students evaluated the login facility of the course portal through a controlled lab experimental study following the within-subject design. The participants provided their feedback in terms of the security of SL for accessing learning contents. The study revealed that users preferred to use SL over the traditional authentication, however, they concerned on the security of SL and their privacy.

  19. SCAI/SVM expert consensus statement on Carotid Stenting: Training and credentialing for Carotid Stenting.

    PubMed

    Aronow, Herbert D; Collins, Tyrone J; Gray, William A; Jaff, Michael R; Kluck, Bryan W; Patel, Rajan A G; Rosenfield, Kenneth A; Safian, Robert D; Sobieszczyk, Piotr S; Wayangankar, Siddharth A; White, Christopher J

    2016-02-01

    Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has become an integral part of the therapeutic armamentarium offered by cardiovascular medicine programs for the prevention of stroke. The purpose of this expert consensus statement is to provide physician training and credentialing guidance to facilitate the safe and effective incorporation of CAS into clinical practice within these programs. Since publication of the 2005 Clinical Competence Statement on Carotid Stenting, there has been substantial device innovation, publication of numerous clinical trials and observational studies, accumulation of extensive real-world clinical experience and widespread participation in robust national quality improvement initiatives [5]. Collectively, these advances have led to substantial evolution in the selection of appropriate patients, as well as in the cognitive, technical and clinical skills required to perform safe and effective CAS. Herein, we summarize published guidelines, describe training pathways, outline elements of competency, offer strategies for tracking outcomes, specify facility, equipment and personnel requirements, and propose criteria for maintenance of CAS competency. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26602705

  20. Purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray crystallographic analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana dynamin-related protein 1A GTPase-GED fusion protein.

    PubMed

    Chen, Xiaoyue; Xu, Xuanhao; Sun, Yuna; Zhou, Jingwen; Ma, Yuanyuan; Yan, Liming; Lou, Zhiyong

    2012-01-01

    Plant-specific dynamin-related proteins play crucial roles in cell-plate formation, endocytosis or exocytosis, protein sorting to the vacuole and plasma membrane and the division of mitochondria and chloroplasts. In order to determine the crystal structure and thus to obtain a better understanding of the biological functions and mechanisms of dynamin-related proteins in plant cells, the GTPase domain of Arabidopsis thaliana dynamin-related protein 1A (AtDRP1A) fused to its GTPase effector domain (GED) was crystallized in a nucleotide-associated form using polyethylene glycol 3350 as precipitant. The hexagonal crystals (space group P6(1)) had unit-cell parameters a = b = 146.2, c = 204.3 Ĺ, and diffraction data were collected to 3.6 Ĺ resolution using synchrotron radiation. Four molecules, comprising two functional dimers, are assumed per asymmetric unit, corresponding to a Matthews coefficient of 3.9 Ĺ(3) Da(-1) according to the molecular weight of 39 kDa. PMID:22232176

  1. Striking a Balance: Academic Advising and the Advisory Working Alliance with Adult Master's-Level Credential Candidates at Regional Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Cindy Franklin

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the advising approaches and the training received by academic advisors to form an advisory working alliance with adult master's-level credential candidates in educator preparation programs at regional campuses in Southern and Central California. This advisory working alliance concept…

  2. Preparing and Credentialing the Nation's Teachers: The Secretary's Eighth Report on Teacher Quality Based on Data Provided for 2008, 2009 and 2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This eighth report on the features of America's teacher preparation and initial state credentialing presents data states reported to the U.S. Department of Education (Department) in October 2008, October 2009 and October 2010. Title II of the Higher Education Act (HEA) of 1965, as amended in 2008 by the Higher Education Opportunity Act (HEOA),…

  3. An Introduction to Credentialing Issues in Counselling and Some Main Counselling Groups in Australia (University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, May 6, 2005)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelling, Nadine J.

    2005-01-01

    Counselling is an unregulated activity in Australia. As a developing profession in Australia counselling has two main general and many specialty counselling associations attempting to represent counselling to counsellors, clients, and government bodies. This has led to confusion about counselling credentialing efforts. A presentation was arranged…

  4. Are the Educational Credentials of Immigrant and Native-Born Workers Perfect Substitutes in Canadian Labour Markets? A Production Function Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akbari, Ather H.; Aydede, Yigit

    2013-01-01

    For the past two decades, most immigrants who arrived in the advanced nations of the western world originated in less advanced countries of the third world. One of the main barriers to their economic integration, as viewed in the public circles of host nations, is the lack of recognition of their educational credentials based on which the…

  5. A Dynamic Relationship: The Impact of Formal and Informal Assessment on a Professional Development School for In-Service Non-Credentialed Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cantor, James; Schaar, Sue

    2005-01-01

    Over the past decade many university-based teacher education programs and school districts have forged partnerships creating restructured, collaborative programs aimed at improving teaching and learning for credential candidates, as well as the children that they serve. According to data from the California Department of Education, progress is…

  6. Factors Influencing Nontraditional Age Student Participation in Postsecondary Education: How Do Student Motivations and Characteristics Relate to Adult Participation in Credential Programs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kortesoja, Sandra

    2006-01-01

    How do student motivations and characteristics relate to participation in credential programs--either in the form of a college or university program, or a program leading to a diploma or certificate from a vocational or technical school or program? Through multinomial logistic regression analysis of data from the 1999 National Household Education…

  7. Striking a Balance: Academic Advising and the Advisory Working Alliance with Adult Master's-Level Credential Candidates at Regional Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Cindy Franklin

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the advising approaches and the training received by academic advisors to form an advisory working alliance with adult master's-level credential candidates in educator preparation programs at regional campuses in Southern and Central California. This advisory working alliance concept…

  8. Labor Market Returns to Sub-Baccalaureate Credentials: How Much Does a Community College Degree or Certificate Pay? CCRC Working Paper No. 45

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dadgar, Mina; Weiss, Madeline Joy

    2012-01-01

    This study provides one of the first estimates of the returns to different types of community college credentials--short-term certificates, long-term certificates, and associate degrees--across different fields of study. We exploit a rich dataset that includes matched, longitudinal college transcripts and Unemployment Insurance records for…

  9. Transferring Professional Skills, Degrees, or Credentials from One's Native Country. Tierra de Oportunidad Module 21. LAES: Latino Adult Education Services Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kissam, Ed; Dorsey, Holda

    This module, which may be used as the basis for a workshop or as a special topic unit in adult basic education or English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) courses, focuses transferring professional skills, degrees, or credentials from one's native country. The basic career planning and job search principles are relevant to learners at all educational…

  10. An advanced temporal credential-based security scheme with mutual authentication and key agreement for wireless sensor networks.

    PubMed

    Li, Chun-Ta; Weng, Chi-Yao; Lee, Cheng-Chi

    2013-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be quickly and randomly deployed in any harsh and unattended environment and only authorized users are allowed to access reliable sensor nodes in WSNs with the aid of gateways (GWNs). Secure authentication models among the users, the sensor nodes and GWN are important research issues for ensuring communication security and data privacy in WSNs. In 2013, Xue et al. proposed a temporal-credential-based mutual authentication and key agreement scheme for WSNs. However, in this paper, we point out that Xue et al.'s scheme cannot resist stolen-verifier, insider, off-line password guessing, smart card lost problem and many logged-in users' attacks and these security weaknesses make the scheme inapplicable to practical WSN applications. To tackle these problems, we suggest a simple countermeasure to prevent proposed attacks while the other merits of Xue et al.'s authentication scheme are left unchanged. PMID:23887085

  11. An Advanced Temporal Credential-Based Security Scheme with Mutual Authentication and Key Agreement for Wireless Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Li, Chun-Ta; Weng, Chi-Yao; Lee, Cheng-Chi

    2013-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be quickly and randomly deployed in any harsh and unattended environment and only authorized users are allowed to access reliable sensor nodes in WSNs with the aid of gateways (GWNs). Secure authentication models among the users, the sensor nodes and GWN are important research issues for ensuring communication security and data privacy in WSNs. In 2013, Xue et al. proposed a temporal-credential-based mutual authentication and key agreement scheme for WSNs. However, in this paper, we point out that Xue et al.'s scheme cannot resist stolen-verifier, insider, off-line password guessing, smart card lost problem and many logged-in users' attacks and these security weaknesses make the scheme inapplicable to practical WSN applications. To tackle these problems, we suggest a simple countermeasure to prevent proposed attacks while the other merits of Xue et al.'s authentication scheme are left unchanged. PMID:23887085

  12. The Devil's in the Details: Evidence from the GED on Large Effects of Small Differences in High Stakes Exams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.

    2004-01-01

    As part of standards-based educational reform efforts, more than 40 states will soon require students to achieve passing scores on standardized exams in order to obtain a high school diploma. Currently, many states are struggling with the design of their examination systems, debating such questions as which subjects should be tested, what should…

  13. Are managed care organizations in the United States impeding the delivery of primary care by nurse practitioners? A 2012 update on managed care organization credentialing and reimbursement practices.

    PubMed

    Hansen-Turton, Tine; Ware, Jamie; Bond, Lisa; Doria, Natalie; Cunningham, Patrick

    2013-10-01

    In 2014, the Affordable Care Act will create an estimated 16 million newly insured people. Coupled with an estimated shortage of over 60,000 primary care physicians, the country's public health care system will be at a challenging crossroads, as there will be more patients waiting to see fewer doctors. Nurse practitioners (NPs) can help to ease this crisis. NPs are health care professionals with the capability to provide important and critical access to primary care, particularly for vulnerable populations. However, despite convincing data about the quality of care provided by NPs, many managed care organizations (MCOs) across the country do not credential NPs as primary care providers, limiting the ability of NPs to be reimbursed by private insurers. To assess current credentialing practices of health plans across the United States, a brief telephone survey was administered to 258 of the largest health maintenance organizations (HMOs) in the United States, operated by 98 different MCOs. Results indicated that 74% of these HMOs currently credential NPs as primary care providers. Although this represents progress over prior assessments, findings suggest that just over one fourth of major HMOs still do not recognize NPs as primary care providers. Given the documented shortage of primary care physicians in low-income communities in the United States, these credentialing policies continue to diminish the ability of NPs to deliver primary care to vulnerable populations. Furthermore, these policies could negatively impact access to care for thousands of newly insured Americans who will be seeking a primary care provider in 2014. PMID:23540569

  14. 28 CFR 544.70 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... federal institution who does not have a verified General Educational Development (GED) credential or high school diploma is required to attend an adult literacy program for a minimum of 240 instructional...

  15. 28 CFR 544.70 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... federal institution who does not have a verified General Educational Development (GED) credential or high school diploma is required to attend an adult literacy program for a minimum of 240 instructional...

  16. 28 CFR 544.70 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... federal institution who does not have a verified General Educational Development (GED) credential or high school diploma is required to attend an adult literacy program for a minimum of 240 instructional...

  17. 28 CFR 544.70 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... federal institution who does not have a verified General Educational Development (GED) credential or high school diploma is required to attend an adult literacy program for a minimum of 240 instructional...

  18. 28 CFR 544.70 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... federal institution who does not have a verified General Educational Development (GED) credential or high school diploma is required to attend an adult literacy program for a minimum of 240 instructional...

  19. Response to a Legal Challenge: Five Steps to Defensible Credentialing Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanaugh, Sally Hixon

    1991-01-01

    A lawsuit involving the National Board for Respiratory Therapy illustrates that certification examinations are vulnerable to complaints of discrimination and employers' misuse of test results. The board's five-step process--position-viability study, personnel survey, job analysis, item writing/test development, and criterion-related validity…

  20. Attitude Towards the Use of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy and Reliability of Classification Extremity Problems by Credentialed Therapists

    PubMed Central

    Takasaki, Hiroshi; Iwasada, Yoshihiro; May, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate attitudes towards Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) for extremity problems and inter-examiner reliability of classifying extremity problems into MDT subgroups by credentialed practitioners in MDT (Cred.MDT) in Japan. Methods A cross-sectional survey was used and all 120 Cred.MDT practitioners registered in the McKenzie Institute International Japan branch were asked about their attitude towards MDT for extremity problems and were asked to select the most appropriate MDT subgroup for each of the 25 extremity patient vignettes. Model classifications were used to investigate accuracy of classification. Percent agreement and Kappa analyses were examined. Results Sixty practitioners (50%) participated in this study. For the management of patients with extremity problems, the majority did not use MDT most of the time (53%) due to a lack of confidence in using MDT in the extremities (78%). The overall accuracy for their MDT classification for extremity problems was 87% (Fleiss's ? = 0.78). Conclusions The majority of the Cred.MDT practitioners in Japan did not use MDT frequently and were not confident to use MDT with extremity patients. However, accuracy and inter-examiner agreement of their MDT classification from the information on the assessment sheet was good.

  1. Iowa's Community College Adult Literacy Annual Report. Program Year 2007, July 1, 2006-June 30, 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Division of Community Colleges and Workforce Preparation, Iowa Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This comprehensive document replaces the previously published Benchmark Report, Benchmark Report Executive Summary, Iowa's Community College Basic Literacy Skills Credential Report, Iowa GED Statistical Report, GED Annual Performance Report and Iowa's Adult Literacy Program National Reporting System Annual Performance Report (Graphic…

  2. A Report on the Findings of an Adult Education Client Impact Study: A Five Year Follow Up.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Lawrence H.

    A 1980 survey of General Educational Development (GED) equivalency certificate recipients who completed the GED test in 1975 measured influence and impact of successful GED completion on the individual. The sample consisted of 101 former adult students whose records came from the Murray and Paducah, Kentucky, GED testing centers. The survey…

  3. 40 CFR 85.1506 - Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Importation of Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Engines § 85.1506 Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and... presentation of credentials to any of the following: (1) Any facility where any vehicle or engine imported...

  4. 40 CFR 85.1506 - Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Importation of Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Engines § 85.1506 Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and... presentation of credentials to any of the following: (1) Any facility where any vehicle or engine imported...

  5. 40 CFR 85.1506 - Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Importation of Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Engines § 85.1506 Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and... presentation of credentials to any of the following: (1) Any facility where any vehicle or engine imported...

  6. 40 CFR 85.1506 - Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Importation of Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Engines § 85.1506 Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and... presentation of credentials to any of the following: (1) Any facility where any vehicle or engine imported...

  7. 40 CFR 85.1506 - Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Importation of Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Engines § 85.1506 Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and... presentation of credentials to any of the following: (1) Any facility where any vehicle or engine imported...

  8. Optimal and Nonoptimal Computer-Based Test Designs for Making Pass-Fail Decisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hambleton, Ronald K.; Xing, Dehui

    2006-01-01

    Now that many credentialing exams are being routinely administered by computer, new computer-based test designs, along with item response theory models, are being aggressively researched to identify specific designs that can increase the decision consistency and accuracy of pass-fail decisions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the…

  9. The status of temporomandibular and cervical spine education in credentialed orthopedic manual physical therapy fellowship programs: a comparison of didactic and clinical education exposure

    PubMed Central

    Shaffer, Stephen M; Brismée, Jean-Michel; Courtney, Carol A; Sizer, Phillip S

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to establish a baseline of physical therapist education on temporomandibular disorders (TMD)-related topics during credentialed orthopedic manual physical therapy fellowship training and compare it to cervical spine disorders education. Method: An online survey was distributed electronically to each fellowship program credentialed by the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) and recognized by the Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapists (AAOMPT). Data were analyzed to compare overall exposure to TMD educational content, including a direct comparison of TMD and cervical spine disorders education. Results: The response rate was 79%. Thirteen programs (87%) reported providing both didactic and clinical training on both TMD and cervical spine disorders. Didactic education for cervical spine disorders ranged from 16–20 hours to over 25 hours, whereas TMD hours ranged from 0 to 6–10 hours. Clinical education for cervical spine disorders ranged from 11–15 hours to over 25 hours, whereas TMD hours ranged from 0 to 6–10 hours. The number of hours of exposure during didactic training and the number of patients exposed to during clinical training were significantly different when comparing TMD to cervical spine disorders exposure (P<0.0001). Discussion: The data indicate a lack of uniformity between credentialed fellowship programs in orthopedic manual physical therapy with respect to the extent to which programs expose trainees to evaluation and management of TMD. There is consistency in that all programs provided more training on cervical spine disorders than TMD. Despite a high level of clinical specialization, fellows-in-training receive minimal TMD education. PMID:26674266

  10. Predictors of Academic Success for the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination and the Southern Regional Testing Agency Clinical Exam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Efurd, Melissa G.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose for conducting this study was to investigate and describe the relationship between applicant criteria for a dental hygiene program and subsequent outcomes on credentialing exams: the National Board Dental Hygiene Exam and the Southern Regional Testing Agency clinical exam. Because admission criteria play a crucial role in applicant…

  11. Predictors of Academic Success for the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination and the Southern Regional Testing Agency Clinical Exam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Efurd, Melissa G.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose for conducting this study was to investigate and describe the relationship between applicant criteria for a dental hygiene program and subsequent outcomes on credentialing exams: the National Board Dental Hygiene Exam and the Southern Regional Testing Agency clinical exam. Because admission criteria play a crucial role in applicant…

  12. Accurately measuring 'green' credentials.

    PubMed

    Túnica, José; Planas, Carla; Clemente, Raquel

    2013-08-01

    In a slightly adapted version of article first published in the IFHE (International Federation of Hospital Engineering) Digest 2012, José Túnica, managing director, Carla Planas, BREEAM assessor, and Raquel Clemente, LEED AP BREEAM assessor, at Spanish independent engineering firm, JG Ingenieros, examine the impact on the design of hospitals and other healthcare buildings of some of the key environmental assessment schemes now in use internationally. PMID:24000544

  13. An Admissions Officer's Credentials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chronicle of Higher Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Marilee Jones has resigned as a dean of admissions at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology after admitting that she had misrepresented her academic degrees when first applying to work at the university in 1979. As one of the nation's most prominent admissions officers--and a leader in the movement to make the application process less…

  14. Ideas Exchange: Should School Districts Have a Specific Individual Designated as the Director or Coordinator for Physical Education? What Credentials Should One Possess to Be Effective in Such a Role?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerekes, Jack; Chase, Melissa A.; Reiss, Carole B.; Fennel, Adam; Vulpis,Dominick; Magnotta, John; Arcadi, Mary; Siracuse, Robert M.; Christenson, Robert S.; Wright, Jim

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the opinions/ideas of professionals who were asked these questions: "Should school districts have a specific individual designated as the Director or Coordinator for Physical Education? What credentials should one possess to be effective in such a role?" The professionals contend that every school district needs to have a…

  15. Fraudulent Credentials: Federal Employees. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    An investigation of the employment of federal employees who obtained fradulent educational degrees and professional credentials was initiated by Congress and conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Postal Service. One diploma mill operation was using the mails to defraud (i.e., they took people's money without giving them…

  16. How Principals Learn to Lead: The Comparative Influence of On-the-Job Experiences, Administrator Credential Programs, and the ISLLC Standards in the Development of Leadership Expertise among Urban Public School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Stephen H.; Leon, Ronald J.; Fultz, Miriam

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the comparative influence of college administrator credential programs, on-the-job experiences, and the ISLLC Standards in the development of leadership expertise among urban public school principals. An exploratory, ex-post-facto research design used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. A survey…

  17. Fraudulent Credentials: Federal Employees. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    An investigation of the employment of federal employees who obtained fradulent educational degrees and professional credentials was initiated by Congress and conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Postal Service. One diploma mill operation was using the mails to defraud (i.e., they took people's money without giving them…

  18. Exploratory Comparisons from the Field: Study of Students from Two Teacher Credentialing Programs of Cross-Cultural, Language, and Academic Development (Professional Development Schools and Regular Teacher Education Programs).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torrez, Nena

    This paper discusses development of the Crosscultural, Language, and Academic Development (CLAD) credential in California's preservice teacher education. CLAD focuses on first and second language development, educational equity, linguistic and cultural diversity, equal access to core curriculum, respect for cultural and linguistic issues,…

  19. Preparedness and disaster response training for veterinary students: literature review and description of the North Carolina State University Credentialed Veterinary Responder Program.

    PubMed

    Dunning, Dianne; Martin, Michael P; Tickel, Jimmy L; Gentry, William B; Cowen, Peter; Slenning, Barrett D

    2009-01-01

    The nation's veterinary colleges lack the curricula necessary to meet veterinary demands for animal/public health and emergency preparedness. To this end, the authors report a literature review summarizing training programs within human/veterinary medicine. In addition, the authors describe new competency-based Veterinary Credential Responder training at North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine (NCSU CVM). From an evaluation of 257 PubMed-derived articles relating to veterinary/medical disaster training, 14 fulfilled all inclusion requirements (nine were veterinary oriented; five came from human medical programs). Few offered ideas on the core competencies required to produce disaster-planning and response professionals. The lack of published literature in this area points to a need for more formal discussion and research on core competencies. Non-veterinary articles emphasized learning objectives, commonly listing an incident command system, the National Incident Management System, teamwork, communications, and critical event management/problem solving. These learning objectives were accomplished either through short-course formats or via their integration into a larger curriculum. Formal disaster training in veterinary medicine mostly occurs within existing public health courses. Much of the literature focuses on changing academia to meet current and future needs in public/animal health disaster-preparedness and careers. The NCSU CVM program, in collaboration with North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service, Emergency Programs and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health, operates as a stand-alone third-year two-week core-curriculum training program that combines lecture, online, experiential, and group exercises to meet entry-level federal credentialing requirements. The authors report here its content, outcomes, and future development plans. PMID:19861720

  20. Medication monitoring and drug testing ethics project.

    PubMed

    Payne, Richard; Moe, Jeffrey L; Sevier, Catherine Harvey; Sevier, David; Waitzkin, Michael

    2015-01-01

    In 2012, Duke University initiated a research project, funded by an unrestricted research grant from Millennium Laboratories, a drug testing company. The project focused on assessing the frequency and nature of questionable, unethical, and illegal business practices in the clinical drug testing industry and assessing the potential for establishing a business code of ethics. Laboratory leaders, clinicians, industry attorneys, ethicists, and consultants participated in the survey, were interviewed, and attended two face-to-face meetings to discuss a way forward. The study demonstrated broad acknowledgment of variations in the legal and regulatory environment, resulting in inconsistent enforcement of industry practices. Study participants expressed agreement that overtly illegal practices sometimes exist, particularly when laboratory representatives and clinicians discuss reimbursement, extent of testing, and potential business incentives with medical practitioners. Most respondents reported directly observing probable violations involving marketing materials, contracts, or, in the case of some individuals, directly soliciting people with offers of clinical supplies and other "freebies." While many study respondents were skeptical that voluntary standards alone would eliminate questionable business practices, most viewed ethics codes and credentialing as an important first step that could potentially mitigate uneven enforcement, while improving quality of care and facilitating preferred payment options for credentialed parties. Many were willing to participate in future discussions and industry-wide initiatives to improve the environment. PMID:25750169

  1. Algorithms used in heterogeneous dose calculations show systematic differences as measured with the Radiological Physics Center’s anthropomorphic thorax phantom used for RTOG credentialing

    PubMed Central

    Kry, Stephen F.; Alvarez, Paola; Molineu, Andrea; Amador, Carrie; Galvin, James; Followill, David S.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To determine the impact of treatment planning algorithm on the accuracy of heterogeneous dose calculations in the Radiological Physics Center (RPC) thorax phantom. Methods and Materials We retrospectively analyzed the results of 304 irradiations of the RPC thorax phantom at 221 different institutions as part of credentialing for RTOG clinical trials; the irradiations were all done using 6-MV beams. Treatment plans included those for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) as well as 3D conformal therapy (3D CRT). Heterogeneous plans were developed using Monte Carlo (MC), convolution/superposition (CS) and the anisotropic analytic algorithm (AAA), as well as pencil beam (PB) algorithms. For each plan and delivery, the absolute dose measured in the center of a lung target was compared to the calculated dose, as was the planar dose in 3 orthogonal planes. The difference between measured and calculated dose was examined as a function of planning algorithm as well as use of IMRT. Results PB algorithms overestimated the dose delivered to the center of the target by 4.9% on average. Surprisingly, CS algorithms and AAA also showed a systematic overestimation of the dose to the center of the target, by 3.7% on average. In contrast, the MC algorithm dose calculations agreed with measurement within 0.6% on average. There was no difference observed between IMRT and 3D CRT calculation accuracy. Conclusion Unexpectedly, advanced treatment planning systems (those using CS and AAA algorithms) overestimated the dose that was delivered to the lung target. This issue requires attention in terms of heterogeneity calculations and potentially in terms of clinical practice. PMID:23237006

  2. Algorithms Used in Heterogeneous Dose Calculations Show Systematic Differences as Measured With the Radiological Physics Center's Anthropomorphic Thorax Phantom Used for RTOG Credentialing

    SciTech Connect

    Kry, Stephen F.; Alvarez, Paola; Molineu, Andrea; Amador, Carrie; Galvin, James

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: To determine the impact of treatment planning algorithm on the accuracy of heterogeneous dose calculations in the Radiological Physics Center (RPC) thorax phantom. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively analyzed the results of 304 irradiations of the RPC thorax phantom at 221 different institutions as part of credentialing for Radiation Therapy Oncology Group clinical trials; the irradiations were all done using 6-MV beams. Treatment plans included those for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) as well as 3-dimensional conformal therapy (3D-CRT). Heterogeneous plans were developed using Monte Carlo (MC), convolution/superposition (CS), and the anisotropic analytic algorithm (AAA), as well as pencil beam (PB) algorithms. For each plan and delivery, the absolute dose measured in the center of a lung target was compared to the calculated dose, as was the planar dose in 3 orthogonal planes. The difference between measured and calculated dose was examined as a function of planning algorithm as well as use of IMRT. Results: PB algorithms overestimated the dose delivered to the center of the target by 4.9% on average. Surprisingly, CS algorithms and AAA also showed a systematic overestimation of the dose to the center of the target, by 3.7% on average. In contrast, the MC algorithm dose calculations agreed with measurement within 0.6% on average. There was no difference observed between IMRT and 3D CRT calculation accuracy. Conclusion: Unexpectedly, advanced treatment planning systems (those using CS and AAA algorithms) overestimated the dose that was delivered to the lung target. This issue requires attention in terms of heterogeneity calculations and potentially in terms of clinical practice.

  3. Testing Testing Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deville, Craig; O'Neill, Thomas; Wright, Benjamin D.; Woodcock, Richard W.; Munoz-Sandoval, Ana; Gershon, Richard C.; Bergstrom, Betty

    1998-01-01

    Articles in this special section consider (1) flow in test taking (Craig Deville); (2) testwiseness (Thomas O'Neill); (3) test length (Benjamin Wright); (4) cross-language test equating (Richard W. Woodcock and Ana Munoz-Sandoval); (5) computer-assisted testing and testwiseness (Richard Gershon and Betty Bergstrom); and (6) Web-enhanced testing

  4. 20 CFR 672.300 - Who is an eligible participant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... their high school diploma, GED credential, or other State-recognized equivalent; or (2) Have been... the date of enrollment; and (2) A school dropout or an individual who has dropped out of school and reenrolled in an alternative school, if that reenrollment is part of a sequential service strategy; and...

  5. 20 CFR 672.300 - Who is an eligible participant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... their high school diploma, GED credential, or other State-recognized equivalent; or (2) Have been... the date of enrollment; and (2) A school dropout or an individual who has dropped out of school and reenrolled in an alternative school, if that reenrollment is part of a sequential service strategy; and...

  6. 20 CFR 672.310 - What eligible activities may be funded under the YouthBuild program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... educational needs of participants, including: (i) Basic skills instruction and remedial education; (ii) Language instruction educational programs for individuals with limited English proficiency; (iii) Secondary... activities, designed to lead to the attainment of a secondary school diploma, GED credential, or other...

  7. 20 CFR 672.310 - What eligible activities may be funded under the YouthBuild program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... educational needs of participants, including: (i) Basic skills instruction and remedial education; (ii) Language instruction educational programs for individuals with limited English proficiency; (iii) Secondary... activities, designed to lead to the attainment of a secondary school diploma, GED credential, or other...

  8. What It Costs: Financing Back on Track through College Designs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almeida, Cheryl; Steinberg, Adria; Santos, Janet

    2013-01-01

    Almost 7 million young Americans (age 16-24) are insufficiently attached to school or work. Based on conservative estimates, we can generate over $1 billion just by helping a mere 0.1 percent earn a high school credential and complete their first year of college through Back on Track Designs. This brief lays out the cost of setting up these GED-…

  9. Efficacy of a post-secondary environmental science education program on the attitude toward science of a group of Mississippi National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, William Bradford, Jr.

    The National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program (ChalleNGe) is a 17 month quasi-military training program authorized by Congress in the 1993 Defense Authorization Bill designed to improve life skills, education levels, and employment potential of 16--18 year old youth who drop out of high school. ChalleNGe is currently operational in 27 states/territories with the focus of this study on the Mississippi National Guard Program operated at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. During the five month residential portion of the program students are guided through an eight step process designed to meet the goals of improving life skills, education levels, and employment potential while ultimately leading to completion of high school equivalency credentials followed by a 12 month mentoring phase to encourage and track progress toward goals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitude toward science of a group of students enrolled in the ChalleNGe Program at Camp Shelby (ChalleNGe). The GED test is administered approximately two months into the residential phase of the program. While the program boasts an overall GED pass rate of nearly 80%, approximately 30--35% of students successfully complete the initial offering of the GED. As high school graduates, these students are offered college courses through William Carey College in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. Twenty four students elected to take the Introduction to Environmental Science course and formed the experimental group while 24 other students who passed the GED comprised the control group. Each group was administered the Scientific Attitude Inventory II, a 40 statement instrument with Likert Scale responses, as a pretest. Paired samples t-tests indicated no significant difference in attitude toward science between the experimental and control groups on the pretest. Following the two week Introduction to Environmental Science course for the experimental group, both groups were post tested. As predicted, the attitude toward science of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group. Further investigation into correlation between the length of time students were away from the traditional school prior to starting ChalleNGe, the number of science classes previously taken, and reading scores on the Test of Adult Basic Education revealed no significant relationship. Responses provided by students to each of these three factors was significantly different between the experimental and control groups. In summary, attitude toward science can be positively impacted by short term interventions such as the environmental science course described herein. While the positive impact on attitude toward science caused by this course was the desired outcome of this project, appropriate emphasis should be placed on prevention of dropouts and the accompanying social issues.

  10. History syndrome or Popperian credentials of Geology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moharir, P. S.

    1993-06-01

    Earth-science is greatly concerned with history. It is argued by some that a historical discipline is not a science. This is contrary to the conclusion from the demarcation criteria of Popper, set to separate science from formal disciplines such as metaphysics, mathematics and logic. Others have spoken of the unity of all sciences. Classification of intellectual activities is based on genus proximum and differentia specifica. Hence the two viewpoints can be readily reconciled. Earth-science has been criticized variously for being descriptive, inductive, explanatory, etc. Other historical and concrete sciences have also attracted similar adverse comments. These issues are discussed at length to argue that Popper’s work should be extended further to define a demarcation of science into immanent and historical. It is also argued that the rigour of cognitive and logical determinants of science is not an adequate reason to embrace sociological models of science. Further, sociological/logical models of science present a misleading dichotomy.

  11. The Credentials of Brain-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the current fashion for brain-based learning, in which value-laden claims about learning are grounded in neurophysiology. It argues that brain science cannot have the authority about learning that some seek to give it. It goes on to discuss whether the claim that brain science is relevant to learning involves a category…

  12. Online Credentials: A State of Wariness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Jayson W.

    2010-01-01

    As a first-year superintendent, Nick Polyak has yet to conduct a search for a principal to lead one of his four schools in the Illinois Valley Central School District in Chillicothe, Ill. When that opportunity does come, Polyak is quite sure he'll be skeptical of any candidate whose curriculum vitae lists courses or entire degrees completed in…

  13. Keeping It Real: Using Authentic Materials in a GED Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Jill

    2007-01-01

    The numbers of disconnected youths (adolescents and young adults aged 16 to 21 who have dropped out of school and who don't have jobs) in adult education programs continue to grow at the Turning Point Educational Center in Brooklyn, New York. These youths can be particularly challenging to teach. They often have negative attitudes toward what they…

  14. Keeping It Real: Using Authentic Materials in a GED Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Jill

    2007-01-01

    The numbers of disconnected youths (adolescents and young adults aged 16 to 21 who have dropped out of school and who don't have jobs) in adult education programs continue to grow at the Turning Point Educational Center in Brooklyn, New York. These youths can be particularly challenging to teach. They often have negative attitudes toward what they…

  15. "Second-Chance" Strategies for Female School Dropouts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boudett, Katheryn Parker; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.

    2000-01-01

    Young female dropouts may make several kinds of educational investments, all of which enhance earned income. Completing the General Educational Development (GED) Test increases income 25%; GED plus 1 year of training or college increases it 50%. How4ver, the increase in earnings is not enough to lift a family out of poverty. (Contains 312 notes…

  16. "Second-Chance" Strategies for Female School Dropouts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boudett, Katheryn Parker; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.

    2000-01-01

    Young female dropouts may make several kinds of educational investments, all of which enhance earned income. Completing the General Educational Development (GED) Test increases income 25%; GED plus 1 year of training or college increases it 50%. How4ver, the increase in earnings is not enough to lift a family out of poverty. (Contains 312 notes…

  17. Family Literacy and HRD: A Preliminary Program Evaluation of Next Step

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reio, Thomas G., Jr.; Wormley, Karen; Boyle, Mike A.

    2005-01-01

    This study evaluated an innovative family literacy program in Bullitt County, KY, USA. Data sources included attendance sign-in sheets, pre- and post TABE test scores, GED success, gender, age, and ethnicity, and grant applications. The evidence suggested that since 1998, the program increasingly attracted proportionally more males, GED completion…

  18. TORCH Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... TORCH Test Related tests: Toxoplasmosis Testing , Rubella Test , CMV Tests , Herpes Testing , Syphilis Tests , Hepatitis B Testing , ... are for: T oxoplasmosis R ubella C ytomegalovirus (CMV) H erpes simplex virus (HSV) For more about ...

  19. Test Architecture, Test Retrofit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulcher, Glenn; Davidson, Fred

    2009-01-01

    Just like buildings, tests are designed and built for specific purposes, people, and uses. However, both buildings and tests grow and change over time as the needs of their users change. Sometimes, they are also both used for purposes other than those intended in the original designs. This paper explores architecture as a metaphor for language…

  20. The transition of the national certification examination from paper and pencil to computer adaptive testing.

    PubMed

    Zaglaniczny, K L

    1996-02-01

    The Council on Certification of Nurse Anesthetists (CCNA) has been exploring computerized adaptive testing (CAT) for the national certification examination (NCE) over the past several years. CCNA representatives have consulted with experts in testing and with individuals from professional associations who use CAT for certification or licensure testing. This article will provide an overview of CAT and discuss how the CCNA plans to implement CAT for the NCE beginning April 8, 1996. A future article that explains the theoretical concepts of CAT will be published in the April 1996 AANA Journal. It is important to note that the NCE will not be a new test, the current content outline and item bank will remain the same. It is only the method of test administration that is changed--from paper and pencil to CAT. Each candidate will answer questions and take a test that is individualized to his or her ability or competence level and meets the specifications of the test outline. All candidates must achieve the same passing score. The implementation of CAT for the NCE will be advantageous for the candidates and provide a more efficient competency assessment. The last paper and pencil examination was administered on December 9, 1995. The transition is a significant event in nurse anesthesia history, just as nurse anesthesia was the first advanced practice nursing specialty to implement the certification credential, the CCNA will be the first to introduce CAT. PMID:8928607

  1. Susceptibility Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Also known as: Sensitivity Testing; Drug Resistance Testing; Culture and Sensitivity; C & S; Antimicrobial Susceptibility Formal name: Bacterial and Fungal Susceptibility Testing Related tests: Urine Culture ; Blood Culture ; Bacterial Wound Culture ; AFB Testing ; MRSA ; ...

  2. Pinworm test

    MedlinePLUS

    Oxyuriasis test; Enterobiasis test; Tape test ... diagnose this infection is to do a tape test. The best time to do this is in ... to determine if there are eggs. The tape test may need to be done on 3 separate ...

  3. A Test of Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepfner, Ralph

    An objective-based classification of needs-assessment areas for elementary education and a critical test evaluation procedure for application to measurement devices in these need areas were developed. Criteria for the evaluation are measurement validity, examinee appropriateness, administrative usability, and normed technical excellence. The…

  4. Pharmacogenomic Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Primary care providers Specialists Getting covered Research Basic science research Research in people ... screening Diagnostic testing Direct-to-consumer genetic testing Newborn screening Pharmacogenomic testing ...

  5. Test Anxiety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Test Anxiety KidsHealth > For Teens > Test Anxiety Print A A ... with their concentration or performance. What Is Test Anxiety? Test anxiety is actually a type of performance ...

  6. Ham test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... blood test done to diagnose paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). The test checks whether red blood cells become ... A positive test can confirm the diagnosis of PNH. The Ham test can also be used to ...

  7. Predictive Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... help you make the decision. What Is Predictive Genetic Testing Predictive genetic testing searches for genetic changes, or ... Support Group Financial Planning Who Should I Tell? Genetic Testing & Counseling Compensation for Genetic Testing Whole Genome Sequencing ...

  8. Coombs test

    MedlinePLUS

    Direct antiglobulin test; Indirect antiglobulin test ... No special preparation is necessary for this test. ... There are two types of the Coombs test: Direct Indirect The ... that are stuck to the surface of red blood cells. Many diseases ...

  9. National Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMurtry, John

    1992-01-01

    Criticizes calls for national competency testing for Canadian students. Argues that thinking skills are too complex, and standardized tests too simplistic, for such tests to be valuable. Points out that testing alone does not improve education. Examines why standardized tests are appealing. Concludes that the tests are useful if their limits are…

  10. Copper Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Copper testing is primarily used to help diagnose Wilson disease , a rare inherited disorder that can lead ... unbound) blood copper test is also ordered. If Wilson disease is suspected, genetic testing may be performed ...

  11. Test Madness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedrick, Wanda B., Ed.

    2007-01-01

    There's accountability and then there's the testing craze an iatrogenic practice that undermines real learning. Hedrick documents the negative effects of testing, giving teachers another weapon in their arsenal against mindless preparation for high-stakes tests.

  12. Laboratory Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Devices Products and Medical Procedures In Vitro Diagnostics Lab Tests Laboratory Tests Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it ... it Email Print This section provides information about lab tests your doctor may use to screen for ...

  13. VDRL test

    MedlinePLUS

    The VDRL test is a screening test for syphilis. It measures substances, called antibodies, that your body ... come in contact with the bacteria that causes syphilis. This bacteria is called Treponema pallidum. The test ...

  14. Lead Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... name: Lead, blood Related tests: Zinc Protoporphyrin ; Heavy Metals At a Glance Test Sample The Test Common ... when lead begins to affect red blood cell production. It is not sensitive enough to use as ...

  15. Lipase Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... known as: LPS Formal name: Lipase Related tests: Amylase , Trypsin , Trypsinogen At a Glance Test Sample The ... lipase is most often used, along with an amylase test , to help diagnose and monitor acute pancreatitis . ...

  16. Testing Services

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Trace Laboratories is an independent testing laboratory specializing in testing printed circuit boards, automotive products and military hardware. Technical information from NASA Tech Briefs and two subsequent JPL Technical Support packages have assisted Trace in testing surface insulation resistance on printed circuit board materials. Testing time was reduced and customer service was improved because of Jet Propulsion Laboratory technical support packages.

  17. Stress Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... ih-kal) stress test. Overview Doctors usually use stress testing to help diagnose coronary heart disease (CHD). They also use stress testing to find ... or poor general fitness). Doctors also may use stress testing to assess other problems, such as heart valve disease or heart ... Rate This Content: NEXT >> Updated: ...

  18. HIV Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Abroad Treatment Basic Statistics Get Tested Find an HIV testing site near you. Enter ZIP code or city Follow HIV/AIDS CDC HIV CDC HIV/AIDS See RSS | ... you get tested. Should I get tested for HIV? CDC recommends that everyone between the ages of ...

  19. Workplace Testing: Who's Testing Whom?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Eric Rolfe

    1989-01-01

    A survey conducted by the American Management Association on workplace-testing policies included questions about drug testing, polygraphs, and testing for the human immunodeficiency virus. The survey found that testing increased from 21 percent in 1986 to 37 percent in 1987 and 48 percent in the 1988 survey. (JOW)

  20. Ammonia Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Liver Panel , ALT , AST , ALP , Glucose Tests , Electrolytes , Renal Panel All content on Lab Tests Online has ... is associated with an inherited urea cycle enzyme deficiency or defect but may also be seen with ...

  1. Bicarbonate Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... HCO 3 - Formal name: Bicarbonate Related tests: Electrolytes ; Sodium ; Potassium ; Chloride ; Comprehensive Metabolic Panel ; Basic Metabolic Panel ; Blood Gases ... CO 2 ) test is usually ordered along with sodium , potassium , and chloride as part of an electrolyte panel . The electrolyte ...

  2. Tensilon test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... dummy medicine (inactive placebo) is given during this test. The health care provider gives the medicine through one of your ... fainting or breathing failure. This is why the test is done by a health care provider in a medical setting.

  3. RSV Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your Comments ... Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your Comments | ...

  4. Antithrombin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your Comments ... Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your Comments | ...

  5. IQ testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... person's talents or future potential. Results of any intelligence test may be culturally biased. The more widely used tests include: Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales Differential Ability Scales Kaufman ...

  6. Thyroid Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the pituitary decreases TSH production. [ Top ] Why do health care providers perform thyroid tests? Health care providers perform ... Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism . [ Top ] What blood tests do health care providers use to check a person’s thyroid function? ...

  7. Fibrinogen Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Fibrinogen Activity and Fibrinogen Antigen Assays Related tests: PT and INR , PTT , D-dimer , Coagulation Factors , Thrombin ... to an abnormal bleeding disorder test ( prothrombin time, PT or partial thromboplastin time, PTT ) and/or an ...

  8. Prenatal Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... experts Calculating your due date Ovulation calendar 39 weeks is best Order bereavement materials News Moms Need ... syndrome . You can have this test after 10 weeks of pregnancy. Your provider may recommend the test ...

  9. Stool Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC E. Coli Giardiasis Yersiniosis Stool Test: Ova and Parasites (O& ... H. Pylori Antigen Stool Test: Bacteria Culture Diarrhea E. Coli Contact Us Print Additional resources Send to a ...

  10. Pap test

    MedlinePLUS

    Papanicolaou test; Pap smear; Cervical cancer screening - pap test ... Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Committee Opinion No. 463: Cervical cancer in adolescents: screening, evaluation, and management. Obstet Gynecol . 2010;116(2 ...

  11. DHEAS Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... DHEA Sulfate Formal name: Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate Related tests: Testosterone ; ACTH ; FSH ; LH ; Prolactin ; Estrogens ; SHBG ; 17-Hydroxyprogesterone ; ... sulfate (DHEAS) is ordered along with tests for testosterone and several other male hormones ( androgens ) to: Evaluate ...

  12. Genomic Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... communities. Individuals can learn more about specific genetic tests by visiting the Web sites listed below or by talking with their ... evidence reports EGAPP Resources EGAPP Working Group Independent Web ... Genetic Tests Recommendations by the EGAPP Working Group Top of ...

  13. Mono Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Antibodies ; Complete Blood Count ; Strep Throat Test ; TORCH ; CMV ; CSF Analysis ; Blood Smear At a Glance Test ... causing mono-like symptoms, such as a cytomegalovirus (CMV) or toxoplasmosis . If the infection occurs during pregnancy , ...

  14. Prenatal Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    Prenatal testing provides information about your baby's health before he or she is born. Some routine tests during pregnancy also check on your health. At your first prenatal visit, your healthcare provider will test for a number of things, including problems with your blood, signs ...

  15. Teacher Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Judy; And Others

    1987-01-01

    A one-page introduction is followed by summaries of articles and documents on teacher competency testing. George F. Madaus argues that, although tests serve some useful functions, treating them as a major mechanism for reforming education is questionable. Peter A. Garcia examines the negative impact of testing on minority teachers and minorities…

  16. Tested Demonstrations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, George L., Ed.

    1988-01-01

    Describes three flame test demonstrations including "Student-Presented Demonstrations on the Colors of Transition Metal Complexes,""A Flame Test Demonstration Device," and "Vivid Flame Tests." Preparation and procedures are discussed. Included in the first demonstration is an evaluation scheme for grading student demonstrations. (CW)

  17. Schilling test

    MedlinePLUS

    Vitamin B12 absorption test ... This test may be done in four different stages to find the cause of a low vitamin B12 level. ... can absorb vitamin B12. Stage II of the test can tell whether a low vitamin B12 level ...

  18. Analytical testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flannelly, W. G.; Fabunmi, J. A.; Nagy, E. J.

    1981-01-01

    Analytical methods for combining flight acceleration and strain data with shake test mobility data to predict the effects of structural changes on flight vibrations and strains are presented. This integration of structural dynamic analysis with flight performance is referred to as analytical testing. The objective of this methodology is to analytically estimate the results of flight testing contemplated structural changes with minimum flying and change trials. The category of changes to the aircraft includes mass, stiffness, absorbers, isolators, and active suppressors. Examples of applying the analytical testing methodology using flight test and shake test data measured on an AH-1G helicopter are included. The techniques and procedures for vibration testing and modal analysis are also described.

  19. Software testing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Price-Whelan, Adrian M.

    2016-01-01

    Now more than ever, scientific results are dependent on sophisticated software and analysis. Why should we trust code written by others? How do you ensure your own code produces sensible results? How do you make sure it continues to do so as you update, modify, and add functionality? Software testing is an integral part of code validation and writing tests should be a requirement for any software project. I will talk about Python-based tools that make managing and running tests much easier and explore some statistics for projects hosted on GitHub that contain tests.

  20. Performance tests.

    PubMed Central

    Wetherell, A

    1996-01-01

    This paper discusses the use of psychological performance tests to assess the effects of environmental stressors. The large number and the variety of performance tests are illustrated, and the differences between performance tests and other psychological tests are described in terms of their design, construction, use, and purpose. The stressor emphasis is on the effects of drugs since that is where most performance tests have found their main application, although other stressors, e.g., fatigue, toxic chemicals, are mentioned where appropriate. Diazepam is used as an example. There is no particular performance emphasis since the tests are intended to have wide applicability. However, vehicle-driving performance is discussed because it has been the subject of a great deal of research and is probably one of the most important areas of application. Performance tests are discussed in terms of the four main underlying models--factor analysis, general information processing, multiple resource and strategy models, and processing-stage models--and in terms of their psychometric properties--sensitivity, reliability, and content, criterion, construct, and face validity. Some test taxonomies are presented. Standardization is also discussed with reference to the reaction time, mathematical processing, memory search, spatial processing, unstable tracking, verbal processing, and dual task tests used in the AGARD STRES battery. Some comments on measurement strengths and appropriate study designs and methods are included. PMID:9182033

  1. Turing's Test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Copeland, Jack; Proudfoot, Diane

    We set the Turing Test in the historical context of the development of machine intelligence, describe the different forms of the test and its rationale, and counter common misinterpretations and objections. Recently published material by Turing casts fresh light on his thinking.

  2. Serotonin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to top Proudly sponsored by ... Learn more about ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your ... so the two dates may not always agree. Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your ...

  3. Insulin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to top Proudly sponsored by ... Learn more about ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your ... so the two dates may not always agree. Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your ...

  4. ACT Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to top Proudly sponsored by ... Learn more about ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your ... so the two dates may not always agree. Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your ...

  5. Trypsinogen Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to top Proudly sponsored by ... Learn more about ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your ... so the two dates may not always agree. Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your ...

  6. AMA Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to top Proudly sponsored by ... Learn more about ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your ... so the two dates may not always agree. Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your ...

  7. Chlamydia Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to top Proudly sponsored by ... Learn more about ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your ... so the two dates may not always agree. Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your ...

  8. Osmolality Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to top Proudly sponsored by ... Learn more about ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your ... so the two dates may not always agree. Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your ...

  9. PTH Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to top Proudly sponsored by ... Learn more about ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your ... so the two dates may not always agree. Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your ...

  10. Trichomonas Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to top Proudly sponsored by ... Learn more about ... Understanding Your Tests Inside the Lab In the News Article Index About This Site Send Us Your ... so the two dates may not always agree. Understanding Your Tests | Inside the Lab | In the News | Article Index | About This Site | Send Us Your ...

  11. BUN Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Renal Panel , Cystatin C , Urine Albumin and Albumin/Creatinine Ratio , Beta-2 Microglobulin , Urine Protein All content on Lab Tests Online has ... used by the body. The remaining waste forms urine. If the creatinine and BUN tests are found to be abnormal ...

  12. Genetic Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... some cases, there is no treatment. But test results might help a person make life decisions, such as family planning or insurance coverage. A genetic counselor can provide information about the pros and cons of testing. NIH: National Human Genome Research Institute

  13. Strength Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Londeree, Ben R.

    1981-01-01

    Postural deviations resulting from strength and flexibility imbalances include swayback, scoliosis, and rounded shoulders. Screening tests are one method for identifying strength problems. Tests for the evaluation of postural problems are described, and exercises are presented for the strengthening of muscles. (JN)

  14. Optical testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wyant, James; Hochberg, Eric; Breault, Robert; Greivenkamp, John; Hunt, Gary; Mason, Pete; Mcguire, James; Meinel, Aden; Morris, Mike; Scherr, Larry

    1992-01-01

    Optical testing is one of the most vital elements in the process of preparing an optical instrument for launch. Without well understood, well controlled, and well documented test procedures, current and future mission goals will be jeopardized. We should keep in mind that the reason we test is to provide an opportunity to catch errors, oversights, and problems on the ground, where solutions are possible and difficulties can be rectified. Consequently, it is necessary to create tractable test procedures that truly provide a measure of the performance of all optical elements and systems under conditions which are close to those expected in space. Where testing is not feasible, accurate experiments are required in order to perfect models that can exactly predict the optical performance. As we stretch the boundaries of technology to perform more complex space and planetary investigations, we must expand the technology required to test the optical components and systems which we send into space. As we expand the observational wavelength ranges, so must we expand our range of optical sources and detectors. As we increase resolution and sensitivity, our understanding of optical surfaces to accommodate more stringent figure and scatter requirements must expand. Only with research and development in these areas can we hope to achieve success in the ever increasing demands made on optical testing by the highly sophisticated missions anticipated over the next two decades. Technology assessment and development plan for surface figure, surface roughness, alignment, image quality, radiometric quantities, and stray light measurement are presented.

  15. Patch tests*

    PubMed Central

    Lazzarini, Rosana; Duarte, Ida; Ferreira, Alessandra Lindmayer

    2013-01-01

    Patch tests were introduced as a diagnostic tool in the late nineteenth century. Since then, they have improved considerably becoming what they are today. Patch tests are used in the diagnostic investigation of contact dermatitis worldwide. Batteries or series previously studied and standardized should be used in patch testing. The methodology is simple, but it requires adequate training for the results to be correctly interpreted and used. Despite having been used for over a century, it needs improvement like all other diagnostic techniques in the medical field. PMID:24474094

  16. Sodium Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be limited. Home Visit Global Sites Search Help? Sodium Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also known as: Na Formal name: Sodium Related tests: Chloride , Bicarbonate , Potassium , Electrolytes , Osmolality , Basic ...

  17. Procalcitonin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... who have symptoms that may be due to sepsis . The procalcitonin test has been approved by the ... of critically ill people for progression to severe sepsis and septic shock. For diagnostic purposes, it is ...

  18. Prealbumin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... used to help detect and diagnose protein-calorie malnutrition as well as to monitor people receiving total ... be used to assess nutritional status or diagnose malnutrition. However, others believe that the test can be ...

  19. Cholesterol Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be limited. Home Visit Global Sites Search Help? Cholesterol Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also known as: Blood Cholesterol Formal name: Total Cholesterol Related tests: HDL Cholesterol , ...

  20. Magnesium Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be limited. Home Visit Global Sites Search Help? Magnesium Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also known as: Mg; Mag Formal name: Magnesium Related tests: Calcium , Potassium , Phosphorus , PTH , Vitamin D ...

  1. VMA Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... is primarily used to detect and rule out neuroblastomas in children with an abdominal mass or other ... homovanillic acid (HVA) test to help diagnose a neuroblastoma, to monitor the effectiveness of treatment, and to ...

  2. Troponins Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... which may be elevated in the blood with skeletal muscle injury) and remain elevated for a longer period ... the test is not affected by damage to skeletal muscles, so injections, accidents, and drugs that can damage ...

  3. Triglycerides Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Cholesterol ; LDL Cholesterol ; Direct LDL Cholesterol ; VLDL Cholesterol ; Lipid Profile ; Cardiac Risk Assessment All content on Lab ... tests for triglycerides are usually part of a lipid profile used to identify the risk of developing ...

  4. String test

    MedlinePLUS

    Duodenal parasites test ... under the microscope to look for cells and parasites or parasite eggs. ... health care provider suspects that you have a parasite infection, but no parasites were found in a ...

  5. Tested Demonstrations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, George L.

    1990-01-01

    Included are three demonstrations that include the phase change of ice when under pressure, viscoelasticity and colloid systems, and flame tests for metal ions. The materials, procedures, probable results, and applications to real life situations are included. (KR)

  6. Test Anxiety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for Parents for Kids for Teens Teens Home Body Mind Sexual Health Food & Fitness Diseases & Conditions Infections Q& ... Like other anxiety reactions, test anxiety affects the body and the mind. When you're under stress, your body releases ...

  7. Iron Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... detect and help diagnose iron deficiency or iron overload. In people with anemia , these tests can help ... also be ordered when iron deficiency or iron overload is suspected. Early iron deficiency often goes unnoticed. ...

  8. Fungal Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Fungal cultures are used to identify the specific fungi present. Many fungi are slow-growing, so it may take weeks for results. Susceptibility testing performed on fungi isolated from a culture is used to determine ...

  9. Allergy Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... performed by allergists meet U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requirements. Symptoms which usually prompt an allergist to perform testing include: • Respiratory: itchy eyes, nose or throat; nasal congestion, runny nose, watery ...

  10. Amylase Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be limited. Home Visit Global Sites Search Help? Amylase Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also known as: Amy Formal name: Amylase Related tests: Lipase , Trypsin , Trypsinogen At a Glance ...

  11. Toxoplasma test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Toxoplasma gondii . The parasite causes an infection called toxoplasmosis . The infection is a danger to a developing ... the health care provider suspects that you have toxoplasmosis. In pregnant women, the test is done to: ...

  12. Phosphorus Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be limited. Home Visit Global Sites Search Help? Phosphorus Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ... else I should know? How is it used? Phosphorus tests are most often ordered along with other ...

  13. VLDL test

    MedlinePLUS

    Very low density lipoprotein test ... Semenkovich CF. Disorders of lipid metabolism. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine . 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 213. Stone NJ, Robinson ...

  14. Bernstein test

    MedlinePLUS

    Acid perfusion test ... your nose and into your esophagus. Mild hydrochloric acid will be sent down the tube, followed by ... when the tube is put in place. The acid may cause symptoms of heartburn. Your throat may ...

  15. Testing time for sustainability and health: striving for inclusive rationality in project appraisal.

    PubMed

    Barton, Hugh; Grant, Marcus

    2008-05-01

    There is a widespread recognition that cities, towns and villages have become increasingly dependent on motorized transport and a car-based land-use pattern. This has led to a series of unintended consequences--in particular, a lack of regular exercise, the decline of local communities and excessive greenhouse gas emissions--ith huge long-term impacts on health and wellbeing. Official policies are trying to change the trend, with much rhetoric about 'sustainable development' and 'sustainable communities'. Yet many of the decision processes that control change in the built environment have not caught up with the new agenda. This paper is concerned with the way in which new development proposals are tested for their health and sustainability credentials. It reviews the theory and practice in this field, with a particular focus on environmental impact analysis and health impact assessment. It identifies the relative strengths and weaknesses of these tools, examining the degree to which they are systematic in their approach to health and sustainability, and include all those who have a legitimate interest in the outcomes. Then a new technique--Spectrum appraisal--is presented. Spectrum is a logical and very practical process that facilitates consensus-building and creativity in decision-making. Practical applications show how the technique can be used to help ensure a healthier, more sustainable urban environment. PMID:18595629

  16. Testing technology

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-10-01

    This bulletin from Sandia National Laboratories presents current research highlights in testing technology. Ion microscopy offers new nondestructive testing technique that detects high resolution invisible defects. An inexpensive thin-film gauge checks detonators on centrifuge. Laser trackers ride the range and track helicopters at low-level flights that could not be detected by radar. Radiation transport software predicts electron/photon effects via cascade simulation. Acoustic research in noise abatement will lead to quieter travelling for Bay Area Rapid Transport (BART) commuters.

  17. Homocysteine Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... test to determine if a person has a vitamin B12 or folate deficiency . The homocysteine concentration may be elevated before B12 ... result mean? In cases of suspected malnutrition or vitamin B12 or folate deficiency , homocysteine levels may be elevated. If an individual ...

  18. Lipase test

    MedlinePLUS

    In general, normal results are 0 to 160 units per liter (U/L). Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different labs. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your test results. Some laboratories use different measurements or may ...

  19. TSH test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... range from 0.4 - 4.0 milli-international units per liter (mIU/L). Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your doctor about the ...

  20. PTT Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... PTT test is performed by mixing the person's plasma with pooled normal plasma (a collection of plasma from a number of normal donors). If the ... more of the coagulation factors in the person's plasma. If the time remains prolonged, then the problem ...