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1

GED Testing Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This GED Testing fact sheet provides information on: (1) GED[R] Tests; (2) Versions and Editions of the GED Tests; (3) Earning a Credential; (4) GED Testing Service[R]; (5) History of the GED Tests; (6) Who Accepts the GED Credential; (7) Public/Private Partnership of GEDTS; (8) Renowned GED Credential Recipients; (9) GED Testing Numbers for 2008;…

GED Testing Service, 2009

2009-01-01

2

Labor Market Impacts of the GED[R] Test Credential on High School Dropouts: Longitudinal Evidence from NLSY97. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2011-2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ever since achieving a high school credential by passing the GED[R] test became widely institutionalized through adult education programs in the United States, outcomes for GED test credential recipients have continued to be of great interest to the adult education community and the general public. Very few studies of GED test credential

Song, Wei

2011-01-01

3

Are the GED Tests a High School Equivalency or a High School Alternative?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The General Educational Development (GED) Tests date from 1942, when the United States Armed Forces Institute designed a battery of tests to provide military personnel and veterans the opportunity to obtain a credential that demonstrated proficiency on par with high school graduates. Since World War II, the GED Tests have also been beneficial to…

Bingham, Millard Juette

4

GED Items. The Newsletter of the GED Testing Service, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the six issues of the newsletter of the General Educational Development Testing (GED) Service published during 1997. The lead articles of the six issues are, respectively: (1) "Task Force Considers Improvements to Test Center Security Rules," by Cathy Allin discusses the implementation of a monitoring team and security…

Hone, Lisa Richards, Ed.

1997-01-01

5

GEDs for Teenagers: Are There Unintended Consequences?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The General Equivalency Diploma (GED) program is designed to help high school dropouts earn an equivalent credential. However, by helping teenage dropouts, the GED program may encourage enrolled youth to leave high school. This paper examines the issue using data on GED policies from the GED testing service and data on high school continuation…

Chaplin, Duncan

6

Technical Manual: 2002 Series GED Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was written to provide technical information regarding the 2002 Series GED (General Educational Development) Tests. Throughout this manual, documentation is provided regarding the development of the GED Tests, data collection activities, as well as reliability and validity evidence. The purpose of this manual is to provide evidence…

Ezzelle, Carol; Setzer, J. Carl

2009-01-01

7

Type of High-School Credentials and Older Age ADL and IADL Limitations: Is the GED Credential Equivalent to a Diploma?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Educational attainment is a robust predictor of disability in elderly Americans: older adults with high-school (HS) diplomas have substantially lower disability than individuals who did not complete HS. General Educational Development (GED) diplomas now comprise almost 20% of new HS credentials issued annually in the United States but it…

Liu, Sze Yan; Chavan, Niraj R.; Glymour, M. Maria

2013-01-01

8

Preparing Students for the GED Tests: Some Whys and Ways.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the following questions: Who should run a GED (General Educational Development) program? How should the program be administered? How can schools best prepare their students to take the GED tests? (CT)

Robinson, Susan Porter; Whitney, Douglas R.

1986-01-01

9

Transitioning the GED[R] Mathematics Test to Computer with and without Accommodations: A Pilot Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We conducted a pilot study to see how the GED Mathematics Test could be administered on computer with embedded accessibility tools. We examined test scores and test-taker experience. Nineteen GED test centers across five states and 216 randomly assigned GED Tests candidates participated in the project. GED candidates completed two GED mathematics…

Patterson, Margaret Becker; Higgins, Jennifer; Bozman, Martha; Katz, Michael

2011-01-01

10

Success Rates of GED Credential Recipients and High School Graduates: A Comparative Study of Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a statistically significant difference in collegiate success rates of GED credential recipients and high school graduates in community colleges. Data obtained from the Kentucky Community and Technical College System (KCTCS) PeopleSoft system at Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical…

Adams, James Victor

2011-01-01

11

Reliability Analysis for the Internationally Administered 2002 Series GED Tests. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reliability Analysis for the Internationally Administered 2002 Series GED (General Educational Development) Tests Reliability refers to the consistency, or stability, of test scores when the authors administer the measurement procedure repeatedly to groups of examinees (American Educational Research Association [AERA], American Psychological…

Setzer, J. Carl; He, Yi

2009-01-01

12

Frequently Asked Questions: Altered Plans for GED Test, 5th Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a list of frequently asked questions about the 5th Edition GED (General Educational Development) Test. This paper answers the following questions: (1) With the announcement of altered plans for a 5th Edition GED Test release, will the current 2002 test series continue beyond January 1, 2012?; (2) What should I tell the public,…

GED Testing Service, 2009

2009-01-01

13

The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED® Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study examined the health literacy of adults across General Educational Development (GED)

Yung-chen Hsu

14

The Adolescentizing of the GED  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The changing demographic population of GED test-takers from the period of returning World War II veterans to today's younger, recent high school dropouts invites debate as to whether GED instruction should utilize methods of adult education. The growth trends in the U. S. from 1989 to 2001 indicate increasing numbers of 16- and 17-year-olds…

Rachal, John R.; Bingham, Millard J.

2004-01-01

15

Perceptions of College Readiness and Social Capital of GED completers in entry-level college courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000aExamining the efficacy of literacy improvement, general education development (GED) completion, and GED completers’ perceptions of college readiness and social capital was the purpose of this study. The participant sample (n=321), derived from the target population (N=1050), consisted of former participants of Adult Literacy Education (ALE)\\/GED programs in the Greater New Orleans area (GNO), who have earned the GED credential,

Donalyn L. Lott

2012-01-01

16

Disparate Reading Identities of Adult Students in One GED Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identities are constructed throughout people's lives. In this paper, I explored the emerging reading identities of 10 adults who were pursuing GED (General Educational Development) credentials. While part of a much larger study that included many data sources, this paper draws on interview data to examine how one group of adults positioned…

Compton-Lilly, Catherine

2009-01-01

17

Examining the Validity of GED[R] Tests Scores with Scheduling and Setting Accommodations. GED Testing Service Research Studies, 2004-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current testing standards call for test developers to provide evidence that testing procedures and test scores, and the inferences made based on the test scores, show evidence of validity and are comparable across subpopulations (American Educational Research Association [AERA], American Psychological Association [APA], & National Council on…

George-Ezzelle, Carol E.; Skaggs, Gary

2004-01-01

18

Writing: Essay Writing and Organizational Skills. GED Scoreboost.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|GED "Scoreboost" materials target exactly the skills one needs to pass the General Educational Development (GED) tests. This book focuses on the essay writing test. To pass the test, the test taker needs to write an effective essay in 45 minutes and edit pieces of text that have already been written. This workbook shows how the essay will…

Evans, Karin

19

Study of the CASAS Relationship to GED 2002. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CASAS, in cooperation with the CASAS National Consortium Policy Council, conducted a study to provide guidance to program and instructional staff regarding student readiness to take the GED Tests. The study looked at the relationship of CASAS reading and math scores to official 2002 GED test results from five states--California, Hawaii, Iowa,…

CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (NJ1), 2003

2003-01-01

20

Study of the CASAS Relationship to GED 2002. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|CASAS, in cooperation with the CASAS National Consortium Policy Council, conducted a study to provide guidance to program and instructional staff regarding student readiness to take the GED Tests. The study looked at the relationship of CASAS reading and math scores to official 2002 GED test results from five states--California, Hawaii, Iowa,…

CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (NJ1), 2003

2003-01-01

21

As a Path to a Degree, the GED Is Rerouted with Students' Needs in Mind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many community colleges, along with some public-school districts and family-literacy programs, are overhauling their GED curricula and support services. Nearly 40 million American adults do not have high-school or GED diplomas, according to 2009 data from the American Council on Education, which developed the GED test. Another of the council's…

Sieben, Lauren

2011-01-01

22

Proximity credentials: A survey  

SciTech Connect

Credentials as a means of identifying individuals have traditionally been a photo badge and more recently, the coded credential. Another type of badge, the proximity credential, is making inroads in the personnel identification field. This badge can be read from a distance instead of being veiewed by a guard or inserted into a reading device. This report reviews proximity credentials, identifies the companies marketing or developing proximity credentials, and describes their respective credentials. 3 tabs.

Wright, L.J.

1987-04-01

23

The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED[R] Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates. GED Testing Service[R] Research Study, 2008-1. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study…

Hsu, Yung-chen

2008-01-01

24

The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates. GED Testing Service[TM] Research Studies, 2008-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study…

Hsu, Yung-chen

2008-01-01

25

Science in the General Educational Development (GED) curriculum: Analyzing the science portion of GED programs and exploring adult students' attitudes toward science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The General Educational Development (GED) tests enable people to earn a high school equivalency diploma and help them to qualify for more jobs and opportunities. Apart from this main goal, GED courses aim at enabling adults to improve the condition of their lives and to cope with a changing society. In today's world, science and technology play an exceedingly important

Joya Reena Hariharan

1997-01-01

26

Science in the General Educational Development (GED) curriculum: Analyzing the science portion of GED programs and exploring adult students' attitudes toward science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The General Educational Development (GED) tests enable people to earn a high school equivalency diploma and help them to qualify for more jobs and opportunities. Apart from this main goal, GED courses aim at enabling adults to improve the condition of their lives and to cope with a changing society. In today's world, science and technology play an exceedingly important role in helping people better their lives and in promoting the national goals of informed citizenship. Despite the current efforts in the field of secondary science education directed towards scientific literacy and the concept of "Science for all Americans", the literature does not reflect any corresponding efforts in the field of adult education. Science education research appears to have neglected a population that could possibly benefit from it. The purpose of this study is to explore: the science component of GED programs, significant features of the science portion of GED curricula and GED science materials, and adult learners' attitudes toward various aspects of science. Data collection methods included interviews with GED students and instructors, content analysis of relevant materials, and classroom observations. Data indicate that the students in general feel that the science they learn should be relevant to their lives and have direct applications in everyday life. Student understanding of science and interest in it appears to be contingent to their perceiving it as relevant to their lives and to society. Findings indicate that the instructional approaches used in GED programs influence students' perceptions about the relevance of science. Students in sites that use strategies such as group discussions and field trips appear to be more aware of science in the world around them and more enthusiastic about increasing this awareness. However, the dominant strategy in most GED programs is individual reading. The educational strategies used in GED programs generally focus on developing reading skills rather than the internalization of knowledge or influencing attitudes. An interesting finding is that GED science materials do attend to the relevance of science in everyday life but students' appreciation of this depends on the strategies employed.

Hariharan, Joya Reena

27

Credentials on Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A popular legal strategy for college faculty who sue after being denied tenure is to turn the spotlight on the credentials of colleagues, particularly in sex discrimination cases. Colleagues caught in the crossfire often suffer personal humiliation and professional discredit. (MSE)|

Leatherman, Courtney

1995-01-01

28

Identifying Ways to Improve Learner Persistence in GED Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this multiple case study was to identify ways to improve learner persistence in General Equivalency Diploma (GED) programs in the U.S. The participants in this multiple case study were GED instructors and adults without high school diplomas who were enrolled in two GED programs were located in the Southern and Southwestern U.S.…

Lewis, Tracy M.

2009-01-01

29

Offline Personal Credentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal documents and certificates that are not transferable between individuals are common and essential means in every day life, e.g., driver's licenses, insurance certificates, etc. At the same time, per- sonal documents are privacy critical as they tend to fully identify their owners, e.g., photo, address, etc. We are interested in personal offline credentials, i.e., secure, non-transferable and privacy oriented

Gerrit Bleumer

30

G.E.D. in 3 Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this piece, the author experiments with re-presenting particular stories through poetic texts that contextualize and honor difference in experience between GED students and instructors. These poetic re-presentations stem from an ongoing study that explores (a) adult basic education instructors' perceptions of their pedagogy and interaction…

Davis, C. Amelia

2012-01-01

31

The MyProxy online credential repository  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The MyProxy online credential repository has been used by the grid computing community for over four years for managing security credentials in the grid public key infrastructure. MyProxy improves usability by giving users access to their credentials over the network using password authentication, allowing users to delegate their credentials via web browser interfaces to the grid, and supporting credential

Jim Basney; Marty Humphrey; Von Welch

2005-01-01

32

The Lived Experiences of GED (RTM) Students: What Do Their Experiences Tell Us?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The General Educational Development (GED[R]) Tests, established in 1945, helped determine soldiers' high school qualifications for the workforce, as they returned home from WWII. Because many soldiers dropped out of school to join the military, achieving a certain score on the test was a way for them to demonstrate that they had attained high…

Snider, Susan Lynn

2010-01-01

33

Canadian credentialing guidelines for colonoscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

series of credentialing guidelines for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures performed in the management of adult patients has been developed by the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG) Endoscopy Committee, approved by the Clinical Affairs Committee, and reviewed and endorsed by the Executive Board. In the present article, the CAG suggests specific guidelines for credentialing colonoscopy. It is intended to be read in

Joseph Romagnuolo; FRCPC FASGE; Robert Enns; Terry Ponich

2008-01-01

34

Credentialing chaos for nurse practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

As opportunities for nurse practitioners have increased, the increased exposure has raised concerns for public safety among consumers and regulators. Compounding the problem is the lack of uniformity for credentialing nurse practitioners among the states. Many nurse practitioners do not have sufficient knowledge about the concept of credentialing and its significance to their practice. An accurate knowledge base is essential

Amanda Bennett

2001-01-01

35

PharmGED: Pharmacogenetic Effect Database  

PubMed Central

Prediction and elucidation of pharmacogenetic effects is important for facilitating the development of personalized medicines. Knowledge of polymorphism-induced and other types of drug-response variations is needed for facilitating such studies. Although databases of pharmacogenetic knowledge, polymorphism and toxicogenomic information have appeared, some of the relevant data are provided in separate web-pages and in terms of relatively long descriptions quoted from literatures. To facilitate easy and quick assessment of the relevant information, it is helpful to develop databases that provide all of the information related to a pharmacogenetic effect in the same web-page and in brief descriptions. We developed a database, Pharmacogenetic Effect Database (PharmGED), for providing sequence, function, polymorphism, affected drugs and pharmacogenetic effects. PharmGED can be accessed at free of charge for academic use. It currently contains 1825 entries covering 108 disease conditions, 266 distinct proteins, 693 polymorphisms, 414 drugs/ligands cited from 856 references.

Zheng, C. J.; Han, L. Y.; Xie, B.; Liew, C. Y.; Ong, S.; Cui, J.; Zhang, H. L.; Tang, Z. Q.; Gan, S. H.; Jiang, L.; Chen, Y. Z.

2007-01-01

36

Estimating the Labor Market Signaling Value of the GED  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While many previous studies have examined the economic impact of the General Educational Development (GED) on labor market outcomes, the results from these studies are all based on regression analyses that employ questionable comparison groups. As a result, all previous studies of the economic impact of the GED likely suffer from "selectivity…

Tyler, John H.; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.

2000-01-01

37

Work beyond GED. Final Report. Project #98-7011.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was designed to give 43 students enrolled in a GED (General Educational Development) program the opportunity to combine educational and vocational training in order to succeed in both. By focusing on self-awareness, career awareness, career counseling, job shadowing, and job-site mentoring activities while studying for a GED diploma,…

Conrady, Sue R.

38

High-Stakes Testing in Employment, Credentialing, and Higher Education: Prospects in a Post-Affirmative-Action World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitively loaded tests of knowledge, skill, and ability often contribute to decisions regarding education, jobs, licensure, or certification. Users of such tests often face difficult choices when trying to optimize both the performance and ethnic diversity of chosen individuals. The authors describe the nature of this quandary, review research on different strategies to address it, and recommend using selection materials

Paul R. Sackett; Neal Schmitt; Melissa B. Kabin; Jill E. Ellingson

2001-01-01

39

PharmGED: Pharmacogenetic Effect Database.  

PubMed

Prediction and elucidation of pharmacogenetic effects is important for facilitating the development of personalized medicines. Knowledge of polymorphism-induced and other types of drug-response variations is needed for facilitating such studies. Although databases of pharmacogenetic knowledge, polymorphism and toxicogenomic information have appeared, some of the relevant data are provided in separate web-pages and in terms of relatively long descriptions quoted from literatures. To facilitate easy and quick assessment of the relevant information, it is helpful to develop databases that provide all of the information related to a pharmacogenetic effect in the same web-page and in brief descriptions. We developed a database, Pharmacogenetic Effect Database (PharmGED), for providing sequence, function, polymorphism, affected drugs and pharmacogenetic effects. PharmGED can be accessed at http://bidd.cz3.nus.edu.sg/phg/ free of charge for academic use. It currently contains 1825 entries covering 108 disease conditions, 266 distinct proteins, 693 polymorphisms, 414 drugs/ligands cited from 856 references. PMID:17151074

Zheng, C J; Han, L Y; Xie, B; Liew, C Y; Ong, S; Cui, J; Zhang, H L; Tang, Z Q; Gan, S H; Jiang, L; Chen, Y Z

2006-12-06

40

GED Teaching and Adult Learning Theory: Practical Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers practical approaches to creating a connected learning environment, integrating individual disciplines into holistic learning, and inspiring motivation to be lifelong learners for a general educational development (GED) program. (JOW)

Loughlin, Kathleen

1994-01-01

41

National curricula, certification and credentialing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The education, certification, and credentialing of surgeons is undergoing change brought about by public expectations and by reform within the profession. In the United States, there is a clear trend towards standardization of education, as exemplified by the Surgical Council on Resident Education (SCORE) curriculum. There is an emerging effort to tie certification closely to the national curriculum. Finally, there

Richard H. Bell

2011-01-01

42

Voluntary Professional Credentialing Programs. A Resource Handbook for Continuing Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook describes 77 voluntary programs offering professional credentialing for people in a wide range of professional and occupational fields. Each description lists credentials, organization offering credentials, initial credentialing requirements, credential renewal requirements (if any), continuing education approval process, and other…

Hanniford, Barbara, Ed.

43

The Need for National Credentialing Standards for Addiction Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors review the current state of credentialing for addiction counselors in the United States and provide recommendations to the addiction counseling field regarding national standards for credentialing.|

Miller, Geri; Scarborough, Jim; Clark, Catherine; Leonard, Justin C.; Keziah, Tyler B.

2010-01-01

44

Setting course: the case for the credentialing of forensic interviewers.  

PubMed

The article provides a history of efforts to develop a credentialing or certification process for forensic interviewers and reviews the multitiered credentialing process offered by the National Association of Certified Child Forensic Interviewers. The authors argue the benefits of a credentialing process for forensic interviewers and respond to the arguments commonly made against the credentialing of forensic interviewers. PMID:21113836

Haney, Mike; Vieth, Victor I; Campos, Hector M

2010-11-01

45

The Credentials Question: Why We Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the concept of professionalism for librarianship, questioning the position of library associations on credentials as well as the validity of the graduate degree in library science with regard to the individual librarian and public service. (CWM)|

Cameron, Dee Birch

1979-01-01

46

33 CFR 125.09 - Identification credentials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Document. (c) Armed Forces Identification Card. (d) Identification credentials issued by Federal Law enforcement and intelligence agencies to their officers and employees (e. g., Department of the Treasury, Department of...

2013-07-01

47

Credentialing Educational Accomplishment. Report and Recommendations of the Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials of the American Council on Education undertook a two-year study to determine how postsecondary education's system for awarding credit and credentials can be changed or its adequacy improved to meet today's educational and social needs. This book sets forth the Task Force's report and…

Miller, Jerry W., Ed.; Mills, Olive, Ed.

48

Credentialing Educational Accomplishment. Report and Recommendations of the Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials of the American Council on Education undertook a two-year study to determine how postsecondary education's system for awarding credit and credentials can be changed or its adequacy improved to meet today's educational and social needs. This book sets forth the Task Force's report and…

Miller, Jerry W., Ed.; Mills, Olive, Ed.

49

Estimating the Distribution of the Demand for Workers by GED/SVP Classification.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The model developed estimates the demand for workers by general educational development (GED) and specific vocational preparation (SVP). Input-output is used to predict industrial output, and along with a matrix of the demand for workers by joint GED/SVP ...

P. L. Altieri

1975-01-01

50

Setting Course: The Case for the Credentialing of Forensic Interviewers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article provides a history of efforts to develop a credentialing or certification process for forensic interviewers and reviews the multitiered credentialing process offered by the National Association of Certified Child Forensic Interviewers. The authors argue the benefits of a credentialing process for forensic interviewers and respond to…

Haney, Mike; Vieth, Victor I.; Campos, Hector M.

2010-01-01

51

An Online Credential Management Service for InterGrid Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grid users and their jobs need credentials to access grid resources and services. It is important to minimize the exposure of credentials to adversaries. A practical solution is needed that works with existing software and is easy to deploy, administer, and maintain. Thus, credential management services are the wave of the future for virtual organizations such as Grid computing. This

Jemal H. Abawajy

2008-01-01

52

Perceptions of Online Credentials for School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the perceptions of human resource directors in the USA about online credentials earned by K-12 school principals and principal candidates. Design/methodology/approach: In this mixed methods study, a survey was sent to a random sample of 500 human resource directors in K-12 school districts…

Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott; Dikkers, Amy Garrett

2011-01-01

53

Forecasting Demand for California Credentialed Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing enough quality credentialed teachers to meet the needs of America's children is the paramount goal of teacher education programs and school districts across the country and, since 2001, required by the federal mandate, No Child Left Behind (U.S. Department of Education, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2002). However,…

Doti, James L.; Cardinal, Donald N.

2005-01-01

54

Moral Credentials and the Expression of Prejudice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three experiments supported the hypothesis that people are more willing to express attitudes that could be viewed as prejudiced when their past behavior has established their credentials as nonprejudiced persons. In Study 1, participants given the opportunity to disagree with blatantly sexist statements were later more willing to favor a man for a stereotypically male job. In Study 2, participants

Benoît Monin; Dale T. Miller

2001-01-01

55

Establishing a Real-World Credential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article features Community College of the Air Force (CCAF) as the world's largest two-year higher education institution that will be celebrating the awarding of its 300,000th associate degree this fall. Headquartered at Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama, CCAF was founded in 1972 as a means of establishing a real-world credential for training…

Pluviose, David

2007-01-01

56

Credentialing for participation in clinical trials  

PubMed Central

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) clinical cooperative groups have been instrumental over the past 50 years in developing clinical trials and evidence-based clinical trial processes for improvements in patient care. The cooperative groups are undergoing a transformation process to launch, conduct, and publish clinical trials more rapidly. Institutional participation in clinical trials can be made more efficient and include the expansion of relationships with international partners. This paper reviews the current processes that are in use in radiation therapy trials and the importance of maintaining effective credentialing strategies to assure the quality of the outcomes of clinical trials. The paper offers strategies to streamline and harmonize credentialing tools and processes moving forward as the NCI undergoes transformative change in the conduct of clinical trials.

Followill, David S.; Urie, Marcia; Galvin, James M.; Ulin, Kenneth; Xiao, Ying; FitzGerald, Thomas J.

2012-01-01

57

Mechanism of Action of Aet. The Protection of DNA Against Ionizing Radiation by Ged.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The specific viscosity was measured in unirradiated and irradiated solutions of highly polymerized, salmon sperm DNA alone and containing bis(2-guanidoethyl) disulfide (GED), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), cystamine, cadaverine, agmatine, and pentamethylene...

G. Kollmann B. Shapiro D. Martin

1967-01-01

58

GenGED - A Visual Definition Tool for Visual Modeling Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper, we give a brief overview on GenGED that allows for the visual definition and generation of visual modeling\\u000a environments. Depending on the underlying visual modeling language, different components are suitable in a visual modeling\\u000a environment. GenGED supports the definition and generation of editors, parsers, and simulators.

Roswitha Bardohl; Claudia Ermel; Ingo Weinhold

2003-01-01

59

Correlating the Test of Adult Basic Education and the Test of General Education Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a study designed to evaluate the relationship between performance on the TABE (Test of Adult Basic Education) Test and the GED (General Educational Development) Test. Analysis of the data shows that there was a significant correlation between all the subscores on the TABE and all the subscores on the GED. (CT)|

Farr, Charlotte W.; And Others

1986-01-01

60

Natives, the foreign-born and high school equivalents: new evidence on the returns to the GED  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the labor market returns to the General Education Development (GED) exam for US natives and the foreign-born. We find that foreign-born men with a GED who received all of their formal schooling abroad earn significantly more than either foreign-schooled high school dropouts or graduates. In contrast, among US natives, GED recipients earn less than high school graduates but

Melissa A. Clark; David A. Jaeger

2006-01-01

61

Hidden Capital: Vocational Credentials and Attainment in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes recent occupational data and suggests that postsecondary educational credentials have varied effects on early-labor-force outcomes. Some credentials have greater value in the labor force than does an associate's degree, and their effects often differ for young men and for young women. Argues that this important data has often been…

Kerckhoff, Alan C.; Bell, Lorraine

1998-01-01

62

Defining Credentials for the Public Workforce System. ACT Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines how the National Career Readiness Certificate (NCRC) meets the definition of "credential" as defined by the US Department of Labor Employment (US DOL) and Training Administration's Training and Employment Guidance Letter (TEGL) 15-10. The NCRC fits the US DOL definition of a credential both (a) in the context of workforce…

ACT, Inc., 2011

2011-01-01

63

Pharmacist credentialing in pain management and palliative care.  

PubMed

A credential is documented evidence of a pharmacist's qualifications; while credentialing is the method used to acquire, confirm, determine, and document a pharmacist's qualifications to practice. Voluntary credentials are important in clinical pharmacy specialties to ensure proficiency in caring for patients with complex pharmacotherapy needs. This article discusses current and future pharmacy pain management and palliative care credentialing opportunities. Pharmacists wishing to pursue voluntary pain management and palliative care credentialing may elect to take a multidisciplinary pain credentialing exam offered by the American Society of Pain Educators (ASPE) or American Academy of Pain Management (AAPM) and/or complete an American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP) Postgraduate Year 2 (PGY2) pain management and palliative care pharmacy residency. A palliative care credentialing exam is not currently available to pharmacists. Efforts are underway within the pharmacy profession to standardize the board certification process, design a pain and palliative certificate program, and create a specialty pain management and palliative care board certification examination. PMID:22821926

Juba, Katherine M

2012-07-20

64

46 CFR 12.15-1 - Credentials required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENDORSEMENTS Qualified Member of the Engine Department § 12.15-1 Credentials...endorsement as qualified member of the engine department on any United States vessel requiring qualified members of the engine department shall produce an...

2011-10-01

65

Counselor Education, Program Accreditation and Counselor Credentialing in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to examine counselor education and the current state of affairs regarding program accreditation\\u000a and counselor credentialing efforts in Turkey. The paper considers the Turkish education and higher education systems, followed\\u000a by a brief history of counseling and current counselor education in Turkey and, finally, discusses accreditation and credentialing\\u000a processes in the country. Attention to

Fidan Korkut

2007-01-01

66

Feasibility of Extension of Selected GED Services to USAR and ARNG. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report addresses the extension of selected educational benefits to the Army Reserve (USAR) and Army National Guard (ARNG). The current Army General Education Development (GED) program is described, and a literature review of the effects of education upon military performance is included. A concept of extending tuition assistance to the…

Ford, Henry J.; And Others

67

GED Holders in Prison Read Better than Those in the Household Population: Why?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Adult Literacy Survey, conducted by the U.S. Department of Education in 1992 and 2003, included federal and state prisoners. One finding of the 2003 survey was that prisoners with a GED scored higher in reading skills than persons in the general population with the equivalent education. In an attempt to explain that unexpected…

Harlow, Caroline Wolf; Jenkins, H. David; Steurer, Stephen

2010-01-01

68

Alcohol Use and Antisocial Behavior in Late Adolescence: Characteristics of a Sample Attending a GED Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined peer deviance, disinhibition, and ADHD symptoms as differential predictors of alcohol use, alcohol use disorder symptoms, and antisocial behavior. It was hypothesized that peer deviance would most strongly predict alcohol use while disinhibition and ADHD would predict alcohol use disorder symptoms and antisocial behavior. Participants were 104 (60% male) GED students between 16 and 21 years old

Meredith Reesman Owens; Andrea Bergman

2009-01-01

69

46 CFR 10.217 - Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations. 10.217...10.217 Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations. ...is available through the Coast Guard Web site at...

2011-10-01

70

14 CFR 135.76 - DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Flight Operations... DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials...a DOD commercial air carrier evaluator presents S...DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credential...pilot in command of an aircraft operated by the...

2013-01-01

71

49 CFR 390.109 - Issuance of the FMCSA medical examiner certification credential.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Issuance of the FMCSA medical examiner certification credential. 390...GENERAL National Registry of Certified Medical Examiners § 390.109 Issuance of the FMCSA medical examiner certification credential....

2012-10-01

72

Most Early Head Start Teachers Have the Required Credentials, but Challenges Exist.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To determine the extent to which Early Head Start teachers had the required credentials. To determine the extent to which Early Head Start programs employed only teachers with the required credentials. To describe the activities and challenges of Early He...

2011-01-01

73

Controlling Access to an Oblivious Database Using Stateful Anonymous Credentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we consider the task of allowing a content provider to enforce complex access control policies on oblivious protocols conducted with anonymous users. As our primary appli- cation, we show how to construct privacy-preserving databases by combining oblivious transfer with an augmented anonymous credential system. This permits a database operator to restrict which items each user may access,

Scott E. Coull; Matthew Green; Susan Hohenberger

2009-01-01

74

Associations Among Predental Credentials and Measures of Dental School Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations among several dental school admission criteria and several measures of dental school achievement. Data were collected for 2000-07 University of Iowa dentistry graduates, including five specific preadmission credentials and five specific measures of dental school achievement for each student. Pearson product moment correlations or Mann-Whitney U statistics were computed for

David C. Holmes; John V. Doering; Michael Spector

75

Summative Evaluation of the Foreign Credential Recognition Program. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A summative evaluation of the Foreign Credential Recognition Program (FCRP) funded by Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC) was conducted during the spring, summer and fall of 2008. The main objective of the evaluation was to measure the relevance, impacts, and cost-effectiveness of the program. Given the timing of the evaluation…

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2010

2010-01-01

76

Nursing Home Error and Level of Staff Credentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing safe nursing home care is both a clinical and fiscal challenge in many countries. The fiscal realities result in the addition of other workers, such as medication technicians or aides (CMT\\/A), to the health care team. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of various levels of credentialing among nursing home staff who deliver medications (RN,

Jill Scott-Cawiezell; Ginette A. Pepper; Richard W. Madsen; Greg Petroski; Amy Vogelsmeier; Dave Zellmer

2007-01-01

77

Degrees of Durability and the New World of Credentialing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The erosion of the college credit monopoly, the devaluation of the degree and the rise of new forms of credentialing suggest a generation of students and higher education institutions somewhat different than the previous generation. Consider a higher learning environment where students create their own academic portfolios and shape their…

DiSalvio, Philip

2013-01-01

78

Double the Numbers: Increasing Postsecondary Credentials for Underrepresented Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perhaps the most significant challenge facing our society today is the need to dramatically increase the number of Americans who graduate high school and go on to earn postsecondary credentials. This is an economic, social, and civic imperative ? and it cannot be achieved without real changes in the educational opportunities and supports we…

Kazis, Richard; Vargas, Joel; Hoffman, Nancy

2004-01-01

79

Quality Assurance in Nigerian University Education and Credentialing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines quality assurance in Nigerian University education and credentialing. The research contends that university education in Nigeria which hitherto enjoyed tremendous global respectability and acceptability is fast loosing its high esteem in the face of labour market and members of community because the currently certified…

Omoregie, Norah

2008-01-01

80

46 CFR 12.25-1 - Credentials required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for Ratings Other Than Able Seaman or Qualified Member of the Engine Department § 12.25-1 Credentials required. Every...in a rating other than able seaman or qualified member of the engine department of U.S. merchant vessels requiring such...

2011-10-01

81

CRC Credential Attainment by State Vocational Rehabilitation Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines 137 state vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselors' perceptions of the value of having the Certified Rehabilitation Counselor (CRC) credential. While almost 53% of this sample included persons who were certified, the majority who were not indicated that the two major reasons for not currently having this designation were: (a)…

Harpster, Anna M.; Byers, Katherine L.; Harris, LaKeisha L.

2011-01-01

82

Double the Numbers: Increasing Postsecondary Credentials for Underrepresented Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Perhaps the most significant challenge facing our society today is the need to dramatically increase the number of Americans who graduate high school and go on to earn postsecondary credentials. This is an economic, social, and civic imperative ? and it cannot be achieved without real changes in the educational opportunities and supports we…

Kazis, Richard; Vargas, Joel; Hoffman, Nancy

2004-01-01

83

Synthesis of carotenoids by Rhodotorula rubra GED8 co-cultured with yogurt starter cultures in whey ultrafiltrate.  

PubMed

Two cultures, a yeast ( Rhodorula rubra GED8) and a yogurt starter ( Lactobacillus bulgaricus 2-11+ Streptococcus thermophilus 15HA), were selected for associated growth in whey ultrafiltrate (WU) and active synthesis of carotenoids. In associated cultivation with the yogurt culture L bulgaricus 2-11+S. thermophilus 15HA under intensive aeration (1.3 l(-1)min(-1) air-flow rate) in WU (45 g lactose l(-1)), initial pH 5.5, 30 degrees C, the lactose-negative strain R. rubra GED8 synthesized large amounts of carotenoids (13.09 mg l(-1 )culture fluid). The carotenoid yield was approximately two-fold higher in association with a mixed yogurt culture than in association with pure yogurt bacteria. The major carotenoid pigments comprising the total carotenoids were beta-carotene (50%), torulene (12.3%) and torularhodin (35.2%). Carotenoids with a high beta-carotene content were produced by the microbial association 36 h earlier than by Rhodotorula yeast species. No significant differences were notd in the ratio between the pigments synthesized by R. rubra GED8+ L. bulgaricus 2-11, R. rubra GED8+ S. thermophilus 15HA, and R.rubra GED8+yogurt culture, despite the fact that the total carotenoid concentrations were lower in the mixed cultures with pure yogurt bacteria. PMID:14997360

Simova, E D; Frengova, G I; Beshkova, D M

2004-03-03

84

Teacher Credentials and Student Achievement in High School: A Cross-Subject Analysis with Student Fixed Effects. NBER Working Paper No. 13617  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use data on statewide end-of-course tests in North Carolina to examine the relationship between teacher credentials and student achievement at the high school level. The availability of test scores in multiple subjects for each student permits us to estimate a model with student fixed effects, which helps minimize any bias associated with the…

Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

2007-01-01

85

Concerns in workforce development: linking certification and credentialing to outcomes.  

PubMed

Investments in public health workforce development are based on the assumption that capacity and competencies are linked with the effectiveness and efficiency of providing essential public health services. However, evidence of the effects of workforce quantity or quality on the performance of core public health functions is limited. A review of public health, health care, and teacher education literature was conducted to determine the state of research in the field and to identify promising approaches and study designs for application to public health workforce training. A total of 861 articles and abstracts were reviewed from the health literature and 470 from teacher education literature. Sixty-five reports in the public health or health care literature and 68 in the education literature met the inclusion criteria. Eleven studies in public health or health literature reported positive correlations and 3 determined no substantial correlation to credentials. In the education literature, 10 studies reported a positive link, whereas 9 studies reported mixed or nonsignificant results. We conclude that a paucity of quality research or compelling evidence exists linking certification or credentialing to any related outcome. Until further research is conducted, discussions on the need for public health workforce certification and credentialing will be based on good-faith expectations for improving individual and organizational performance. PMID:17714227

Ogolla, Christopher; Cioffi, Joan P

86

An evaluation of systems for presenting, endorsing, and evaluating credentials in online communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Credential systems play an important role in the trust building process between members of online communities like eBay, Slashdot, Epinions, etc. We assumed credentials to be either reputation- or policy-based to be presented to mediate trust between a trustor and trustee. Numerous credential systems have already been proposed and\\/or adopted for different environments and contexts, incorporating diverse presenting, endorsing, and

Shadi Ghajar-Khosravi; Stephen Hockema

2009-01-01

87

Adult Education in Texas: A Survey of GED Candidates and Hispanic Adult Education Students. Report Number 87-415.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted to determine demographic characteristics, motivation, and program satisfaction of General Educational Development (GED) candidates and adult education (including adult basic education, secondary adult education, and English as a second language) students in Texas. Between June and December 1985, about 6,000 adult education…

Wallace, Michael B.; And Others

88

The re-determination of the molecular structure of antimony(III) oxide using very-high-temperature gas electron diffraction (VHT-GED).  

PubMed

The molecular structure of a fundamental binary compound [antimony(III) oxide] has been re-determined to a far higher accuracy and precision than previously reported. The structure is compared to those determined by various ab initio methods, X-ray diffraction and to a previous gas-phase structure determined by electron diffraction prior to modern-day developments for data extraction and manipulation. The experiments utilised a new very-high-temperature (VHT) inlet nozzle system that has been designed and constructed for the gas electron diffraction (GED) apparatus now based at the University of Canterbury (formerly at the University of Edinburgh). The VHT-GED system is capable of heating samples to temperatures of up to 1100 K. The VHT system was tested by studying the gas-phase structure of antimony(III) oxide. Data were collected at 750 K and the contents of the gas flow analysed by mass spectrometry. In the gas phase at this temperature, antimony(III) oxide (Sb(2)O(3)) exists as a dimer (Sb(4)O(6)) with tetrahedral symmetry. The Sb-O bond length (r(a3,1)) was determined to be 195.66(4) pm and the O-Sb-O bond angle was 98.15(3)°. Unusually, the Sb-O bond length observed from X-ray diffraction investigation of Sb(4)O(6) was longer than the gas phase bond length [197.7(1) pm as compared to 195.66(4) pm]. PMID:23283245

Masters, Sarah L; Girichev, Georgiy V; Shylkov, Sergey A

2013-01-03

89

Microprocessor-controlled tester for evaluation of the Self-Energized Credential System (SECS)  

SciTech Connect

The Self-Energized Credential System (SECS) was developed for use in the Plutonium Protection System (PPS) installed at Hanford, Washington. Evaluation and development of the SECS system was enhanced by the use of a microprocessor-controlled portal tester. This tester used infrared (ir) beam sensors to provide information on the direction of travel of the credential wearer and to detect inoperative credentials. A printed record of the portal number, actual code read, time, and direction of the credential passage provided information essential to an assessment of the operability of the SECS.

Corlis, N.E.

1980-03-01

90

The Perceptions of Principals toward Proprietary Online Teacher Credential Programs and Their Effect on Hiring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The number of proprietary (for-profit) colleges and universities who offer online teacher credential programs is increasing, yet there is skepticism regarding the quality of such schools and credentialing programs. This study sought to understand the perceptions that school principals had and whether or not it affected their decision to hire…

Bolton, David H.

2010-01-01

91

Extra-Credential Experiences and Social Closure: Working-Class Students at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Human capital theorists perceive of educational expansion as beneficial to individuals, corporations and national economies, while social closure theorists have claimed that inflation of credential requirements maintains traditional status inequalities. In this paper I argue that status inequalities are not only maintained by credential

Lehmann, Wolfgang

2012-01-01

92

Synthesis of carotenoids by Rhodotorula rubra GED8 co-cultured with yogurt starter cultures in whey ultrafiltrate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two cultures, a yeast ( Rhodorula rubra GED8) and a yogurt starter ( Lactobacillus bulgaricus 2–11+ Streptococcus thermophilus 15HA), were selected for associated growth in whey ultrafiltrate (WU) and active synthesis of carotenoids. In associated cultivation with the yogurt culture L bulgaricus 2–11+S. thermophilus 15HA under intensive aeration (1.3 l -1min -1 air-flow rate) in WU (45 g lactose l -1),

E. D. Simova; G. I. Frengova; D. M. Beshkova

2004-01-01

93

Purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction analysis of human dynamin-related protein 1 GTPase-GED fusion protein  

PubMed Central

The mechano-enzyme dynamin-related protein 1 plays an important role in mitochondrial fission and is implicated in cell physiology. Dysregulation of Drp1 is associated with abnormal mitochondrial dynamics and neuronal damage. Drp1 shares structural and functional similarities with dynamin 1 with respect to domain organization, ability to self-assemble into spiral-like oligomers and GTP-cycle-dependent membrane scission. Structural studies of human dynamin-1 have greatly improved the understanding of this prototypical member of the dynamin superfamily. However, high-resolution structural information for full-length human Drp1 covering the GTPase domain, the middle domain and the GTPase effector domain (GED) is still lacking. In order to obtain mechanistic insights into the catalytic activity, a nucleotide-free GTPase-GED fusion protein of human Drp1 was expressed, purified and crystallized. Initial X-ray diffraction experiments yielded data to 2.67?Å resolution. The hexagonal-shaped crystals belonged to space group P21212, with unit-cell parameters a = 53.59, b = 151.65, c = 43.53?Å, one molecule per asymmetric unit and a solvent content of 42%. Expression of selenomethionine-labelled protein is currently in progress. Here, the expression, purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction analysis of the Drp1 GTPase-GED fusion protein are presented, which form a basis for more detailed structural and biophysical analysis.

Klinglmayr, Eva; Wenger, Julia; Mayr, Sandra; Bossy-Wetzel, Ella; Puehringer, Sandra

2012-01-01

94

21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...credential service provider that has been approved by the General Services Administration Office of Technology Strategy/Division of Identity Management to conduct identity proofing that meets the requirements of Assurance Level 3 or above as...

2013-04-01

95

76 FR 79544 - Processing of Merchant Mariner Credentials for Those Mariners Not Requiring a Transportation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) enforcement posture for mariners who serve on board vessels that are not required...mariners are checked, the Coast Guard is altering its enforcement posture: excluded mariners will not be required to present a...

2011-12-22

96

Moral credentialing by association: the importance of choice and relationship closeness.  

PubMed

People express more prejudice if they have established their "moral credentials." Five studies explored the acquisition of moral credentials through associations with racial minorities, particularly close relationships that are personally chosen. Participants choosing to write about a positive experience with a Black person (Study 1) or Hispanic person (Study 2) subsequently expressed more preference for Whites and tolerance of prejudice than did other participants. In Study 3, the credentialing effect of choice was diminished when participants were given an incentive for that choice. Participants in Study 4 who wrote about a Black friend were more credentialed than those who wrote about a Black acquaintance, regardless of whether the experience was positive or negative. Study 5 suggested that participants strategically referred to close associations with minorities when warned of a future situation in which they might appear prejudiced. PMID:20947773

Bradley-Geist, Jill C; King, Eden B; Skorinko, Jeanine; Hebl, Michelle R; McKenna, Casey

2010-10-14

97

Procedure-Level Authorization for Java Remote Method Invocation Using Secure Socket Layer (SSL) Credentials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Due to the encapsulation of the RMI transport layer, methods invoked over RMI lose access to the sockets through which their particular instances were called. This prevents subroutines from first verifying the credentials of their caller to authorize each...

A. Shoulson K. Pearson

2010-01-01

98

The Influence of Self-Efficacy on Reading Achievement of General Educational Development (GED) and High School Graduates Enrolled in Developmental Reading Skills Courses in an Urban Community College System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of self-efficacy on the performance of General Educational Development (GED) and high school graduates enrolled in developmental reading skills courses. The sample for the study consisted of 100 high school and 31 GED graduates enrolled in developmental reading courses in a midwestern community…

Barnes, Martha J.

2010-01-01

99

The professional development portfolio process: setting goals for credentialing.  

PubMed

Professional Development Portfolio (PDP), the new credentialing system for dietetics professionals, places the responsibility for learning, professional development, and career direction on the individual practitioner. This study used questionnaires and focus group interviews to determine whether dietitians engage in reflection, self-assessment, and goal setting, the critical components of PDP recertification. Volunteers (n = 132) participated in 16 focus groups held during 8 state dietetic association meetings. Content analysis was conducted. Some subjects reflected using an informal non-structured process (42 text units), almost half (41%) performed annual self-assessments, and 25% set goals. Job availability, new practice areas, family obligations, and employer needs were key factors in goal formulation. Opportunities for self-direction, independent decision-making, and application of technical expertise were also considered in career choices and goal setting. Although few participants were currently performing PDP critical components, we conclude dietetic practitioners can gain the necessary skills for professional development with the newly available PDP Guide to support the portfolio process. We recommend that dietitians (a) allow sufficient time for the reflection process, including the use of additional tools; (b) develop personal mission statements to drive the goal-setting process; and (c) use effectiveness criteria to critique their goals. PMID:12396163

Weddle, Dian O; Himburg, Susan P; Collins, Nancy; Lewis, Ralph

2002-10-01

100

Survey of Robotic Surgery Credentialing Requirements for Physicians Completing OB/GYN Residency  

PubMed Central

As robotic assisted surgery is gaining popularity in gynecologic surgery, resident physicians are becoming more experienced in this modality. Many trainees will utilize this technology after residency either in general practice or subspecialty fellowship. Study Objective The primary aim of this study was to describe credentialing requirements for newly graduated resident physicians for robotic gynecologic surgery in Alabama. Design III Design Classification III Setting Alabama, USA Subjects Credentialing authorities at hospitals in the state of Alabama that currently utilize robotic surgery in the field of gynecology were contacted. Interventions Participants completed an online questionnaire regarding credentialing policies. Measurements and Main Results Fifteen of the 16 hospitals (94%) in Alabama that utilize robotic technology for gynecologic surgery participated in this survey. All hospitals had a credentialing policy for robotic surgery, but only 9/15 hospitals (60%) had a separate pathway for physicians with recent residency training. This pathway consisted of an attestation letter from a residency program director in all 9 hospitals, a robotic case list in 3/9 (33%), and proctored cases following residency in 2/9 (22%). Five (55%) required a certain number of hysterectomy cases (median 5, range 2–10). Conclusion Robotic surgery credentialing requirements in Alabama are variable. Validation of requirements in best practices for robotic surgery by graduating resident physicians is needed.

Erickson, BK; Gleason, JL; Huh, WK; Richter, HE

2012-01-01

101

A faculty group practice-driven credentialing and privileging infrastructure in a school of dental medicine.  

PubMed

Credentialing and assigning clinical privileges are well-established practices in institutions that need to verify a clinician's ability to provide direct patient care services. The credentialing process verifies a provider's credentials to practice his or her profession, while privileging authorizes the individual to perform enumerated procedures within a specific scope of practice. All clinical faculty members at Harvard School of Dental Medicine (HSDM) practice in the Faculty Group Practice (FGP). Because of the number of practitioners in the FGP, the organization instituted a more formal process of credentialing that verifies that practitioners are not only licensed to practice, but also are competent to provide direct patient care. In contrast to other dental schools that have established similar protocols, HSDM approached the process not from the academic side, but rather from the clinical practice side, explicitly taking into account whether the FGP could accommodate another practitioner when an academic department wished to appoint a new faculty member. In doing so, we had to be careful to reconcile our educational and research needs with those of the FGP. In this article, we describe how, within this framework, we established a credentialing and privileging program in which all full- and part-time faculty members, as well as advanced graduate students, were included. PMID:20388815

Kalenderian, Elsbeth; Friedland, Bernard; White, Robert R; Zavras, Athanasios; Da Silva, John D; Timothé, Peggy; Gallucci, German; Donoff, Bruce R

2010-04-01

102

GED Acquisition Rates From An At-Risk Youth Program's Curriculum as Influenced by Three Criteria: Multiple Intelligence Usage, Class Size, and Its Mentorship Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine whether a combination of three factors: (1) a reduced student teacher ratio (class size education); (2) a mentorship program and (3) a varied curriculum, via use of the multiple intelligences would successfully improve secondary at risk youths' high school graduation rates. The graduation rate and GED

Fleming, Angela Rene

2005-01-01

103

An Update: Preparation and Credentialing Requirements of Two-Year College Technical Instructors--A National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to see what changes have occurred in the preparation and credentialing of postsecondary technical faculty. The specific objectives of this study were: (a) to describe current credentialing requirements for two-year college technical instructors; (b) to describe program requirements for postsecondary technical teacher…

Olson, Susan J.; Spidell, Cathy M.

2007-01-01

104

Transnational geographies of academic distinction: the role of social capital in the recognition and evaluation of ‘overseas’ credentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the role of specific and place?based social capital in the recognition and evaluation of international credentials. Whilst research on labour market segmentation has contributed towards an understanding of the spatial variability of the value of human capital, very little attention has been paid to the ways in which the credentials of more privileged social groups may in

Johanna L. Waters

2009-01-01

105

The Perceived Influence of Industry-Sponsored Credentials in the Information Technology Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the influence of information technology (IT)-industry-sponsored credentials from both organizational and individual perspectives. A senior-level human resource (HR) executive from each of 33 organizations with 500 or more employees completed a paper-and-pencil questionnaire (response rate=66% of the 50 organizations comprising…

Bartlett, Kenneth R.

106

Industry-Sponsored Credentials. In Brief: Fast Facts for Policy and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the influence of information technology (IT) industry-sponsored credentials commonly called IT certifications (ITCs) from both organizational and individual perspectives. Findings indicated that there was increasing acceptance, prevalence, and benefits of ITCs in business and industry. Both executives and employees reported…

Wonacott, Michael E.

107

Does Higher Education Expansion Reduce Credentialism and Gender Discrimination in Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigates the effects of higher education expansion on the phenomena of credentialism and gender discrimination in education. Using the survey data of Family Income and Expenditure by DGBAS, Taiwan from 1980 to 2009, we examine the time path of the effect of higher education expansion on household expenditures for children's…

Lin, Ching-Yuan; Lin, Chun-Hung A.

2012-01-01

108

Credentialing in the Health, Leisure, and Movement Professions. Trends and Issues Paper No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This trends and issues paper considers the emerging presence of credentialing programs in the health, leisure, and movement professions in which such diverse occupations as health education teachers, aerobics instructors, exercise physiologists, dance therapists, community park managers, intramural directors, and military fitness instructors are…

Summerfield, Liane M.

109

Toward International Collaboration on Credentialing in Health Promotion and Health Education: The Galway Consensus Conference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interest in competencies, standards, and quality assurance in the professional preparation of public health professionals whose work involves health promotion and health education dates back several decades. In Australia, Europe, and North America, where the interest in credentialing has gained momentum, there have been rapidly evolving…

Allegrante, John P.; Barry, Margaret M.; Auld, M. Elaine; Lamarre, Marie-Claude; Taub, Alyson

2009-01-01

110

Verification of the Integrity and Legitimacy of Academic Credential Documents in an International Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The global demand for higher education currently exceeds the world's existing university capacity. This shortfall is likely to persist for the foreseeable future, raising concerns that frustrated students might choose to purchase fraudulent credentials from counterfeiters or diploma mills. International efforts to encourage the development of…

Gollin, George D.

2009-01-01

111

Improving Teacher Preparation and Credentialing Consistent with the National Science Education Standards: Report of a Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In February, 1996, representatives of departments of education and major teacher education colleges in 39 states, the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Department of Defense met at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. to identify and discuss issues surrounding the preparation and credentialing of science…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education.

112

Exploring Essential Competences and Credentialing Model of Community Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this study were to outline nursing competences and to develop credentialing model of the essential community psychiatric mental health nursing. The action study research method was used in the study, with a core group of research subjects recruited from the field of psychiatric mental health nursing education and clinical practice. The construct of the developmental model comprises

Jiin-Ru Rong; Wen-I Laiu; Fan-Fang Hung; Shu-Jen Shiau

2008-01-01

113

Is the Public Being Protected? Prevention of Suboptimal Medical Practice through Training Programs and Credentialing Examinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assumptions implicit in the current use of licensing and certification examinations are identified, relevant evidence for these assumptions are reviewed, and implications for current methods of measurement are discussed. To ensure the protection of public health, it is critical to determine whether training and credentialing programs serve their…

Tamblyn, Robyn

1994-01-01

114

46 CFR 10.225 - Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...expired and they do not hold a document of continuity...or MMD; or (3) The first credential issued to...that the mariner either holds a valid TWIC or has applied...receives an original MMC must first take an oath, before...law and obey all lawful orders of superior...

2012-10-01

115

Trans-Local Academic Credentials and the (Re)production of Financial Elites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the ways in which credentials from a range of education providers are used to (re)produce transnational financial elites in London's international financial district. Extant research has examined the long-standing relationship between educational background and entry into these financial labour markets. Far less attention has…

Hall, Sarah; Appleyard, Lindsey

2011-01-01

116

Why do anthropogenic global warming skeptics have poorer scientific credentials than their opponents?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A paper published in PNAS (1) analyzed the scientific credentials of two groups of activist scientists. The unconvinced by the evidence group included ~500 scientists and technologists who signed various public documents protesting against various aspects of programs to prevent or mitigate anthropogenic global warming. The convinced by the evidence group (~1200 persons) signed public appeals to implement programs to

N. L. Rogers

2010-01-01

117

Back to Beginnings: Credentialism, Productivity, and Adam Smith's Division of Labour.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The foundation of factional pressures for upgrading educational credentials in the labor market is examined through a review of human capital and screening theories. The writings of Adam Smith are referenced to show that the claims of the beneficial effects of educational upgrading have been questioned for 200 years. (Author/MLW)|

Davis, Denis J.

1981-01-01

118

How and Why do Teacher Credentials Matter for Student Achievement? NBER Working Paper No. 12828  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education researchers and policy makers agree that teachers differ in terms of quality and that quality matters for student achievement. Despite prodigious amounts of research, however, debate still persists about the causal relationship between specific teacher credentials and student achievement. In this paper, we use a rich administrative data…

Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

2007-01-01

119

Perspectives on Terminology and Conceptual and Professional Issues in Health Education and Health Promotion Credentialing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article was prepared to inform the deliberations of the Galway Consensus Conference by providing a common and global reference point for the discussion of terminology and key conceptual and professional issues in the credentialing of health education and health promotion specialists. The article provides a review of the terminology that is…

Taub, Alyson; Allegrante, John P.; Barry, Margaret M.; Sakagami, Keiko

2009-01-01

120

Title detection algorithm for OCR credentials image based on directional projection and divergence  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the OCR character region in OCR credentials image, a new skew detection method was presented by using Bresenham's integer only line drawing algorithm and within-group measure of dispersion. Several directional projection are calculated in the algorithm by using Bresenham's integer line drawing algorithm. At the same time calculating minimal within-group measure of dispersion of the directional projection. After

Zhiwen Wang; Guoqing Xie; Shaozi Li; Zhi LIUI

2010-01-01

121

A Practical Guide to Practice Analysis for Credentialing Examinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers recommendations for the conduct of practice analysis (i.e., job analysis) concerning these issues: (1) selecting a method of practice analysis; (2) developing rating scales; (3) determining the content of test plans; (4) using multi-variate procedures for structuring test plans; and (5) determining topic weights for test plans. (SLD)

Raymond, Mark R.

2002-01-01

122

Reliability of Iris Scanning as a Means of Identity Verification and Future Impact on Transportation Worker Identification Credential.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Homeland Security is deploying the Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) to U.S. ports to help ensure only authorized individuals having undergone background checks have access to secure areas. Congress mandated the TWIC...

S. McLaren

2008-01-01

123

Healthcare Inspection: Mental Health Safety Issues and Credentialing and Privileging Irregularities Alexandria VA Medical Center, Pineville, Louisiana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This review evaluated allegations regarding mental health (MH) safety issues and credentialing and privileging (C&P) irregularities at the Alexandria VA Medical Center in Pineville, LA. We substantiated that MH inpatients were put at risk because staff di...

2010-01-01

124

Perspectives on terminology and conceptual and professional issues in health education and health promotion credentialing.  

PubMed

This article was prepared to inform the deliberations of the Galway Consensus Conference by providing a common and global reference point for the discussion of terminology and key conceptual and professional issues in the credentialing of health education and health promotion specialists. The article provides a review of the terminology that is currently employed across different countries in defining health education and health promotion as well as health educator and health promotion specialist. The terminology used to describe concepts in professional credentialing of health education and health promotion specialists and the scope of professional responsibilities of such specialists, including the terms professional competencies, professional standards, and accreditation, are also reviewed. Finally, key unresolved issues are identified and discussed from a global perspective. The article concludes that despite differences in terminology in the definitions of roles and responsibilities, health education and health promotion are conceptually more similar than different across countries. PMID:19447944

Taub, Alyson; Allegrante, John P; Barry, Margaret M; Sakagami, Keiko

2009-05-15

125

The relationship between admissions credentials and the success of students admitted to a physics doctoral program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The researcher developed this study based on the Hardgrave, et al. (1993) statement that for a doctoral student, it was "more than just standardized scores, previous academic performance, and past work experience [that] ultimately affects whether the candidate will be successful in the program" (p. 261). This study examined both the subjective and quantifiable aspects of application materials to a physics doctoral program to explore potential relationships between the credentials presented in the application and the ultimate success of the admitted students. The researcher developed questions with the goals of addressing the problem of attrition in doctoral programs and gaining a better of understanding the information provided in students' application packets. The researcher defined success as either enrolled four years after admission or attainment of the degree. This study examined the records of a population of students admitted to a physics doctoral program from the fall of 1997 to the fall of 2003 to determine their level of success as of August 2006. An exploratory analysis of the data provided answers to each of the research questions as well as an extensive understanding of the students admitted into the program during this time. This study examined both admission credentials and constructs identified by past researchers. An evaluation of the data gathered in this research revealed no relationships between these and student success as previously defined. In 1974, Willingham stated simply, "the best way to improve selection of graduate students will be to develop improved criteria for success" (p. 278). To this end, recommendations emerged regarding the decision-making process and suggestions for future research. This study was not developed to prove or disprove past research findings that predicted success from admissions information; rather, the researcher developed this study to explore each of the credentials that a student presents with his or her application packet, and to tell the story about the nuances of these credentials as they related to student success in a physics doctoral program.

Wilkerson, Teresa

126

Occupational health nurses' roles, credentials, and continuing education in Ontario, Canada.  

PubMed

The role of the occupational health nurse is broad and includes health care provider, manager/coordinator, educator/advisor, and case manager and consultant, depending on the type of industry and the country in which the nurse practices. Regardless of the type of role, the occupational health nurse must participate in continuing nursing education (CNE) activities. This study describes the roles, credentials, and number of CNE activities undertaken by occupational health nurses working in Ontario, Canada. Using a nonexperimental descriptive design, a questionnaire was mailed to all practicing occupational health nurses who are members (n=900) of a local nursing association. Three hundred fifty-four questionnaires were returned. Nurses reported a variety of roles in the following categories: case management, health promotion, policy development, infection control/travel health, ergonomics, education, research, health and safety, direct care, consultation, disaster preparedness, and industrial hygiene. Sixty-five percent of nurses held an occupational health nurse credential, and 19% of nurses attended more than 100 hours of CNE annually. Occupational health nurses have multiple workplace roles. Many attend CNE activities and they often prepare for credentialing. PMID:19842614

Alleyne, Jergen; Bonner, Ann

2009-09-01

127

Transitioning Adults to College: Adult Basic Education Program Models. NCSALL Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While the majority of adults who take the General Educational Development (GED) test do so in order to continue their education, few go on to enter postsecondary education. Yet, these same adults stand to make substantial economic and personal gains when they use their adult secondary credential to move from the ranks of high school dropout to…

Zafft, Cynthia; Kallenbach, Silja; Spohn, Jessica

2006-01-01

128

Credential Creep  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When Brenda M. Coppard was studying occupational therapy in the late 1980s, a bachelor's degree was the standard ticket to enter the profession. By the 1990s, a master's degree was expected. Today a doctorate is becoming the norm. Ms. Coppard has pushed for more advanced degrees. In 1999 the associate professor of occupational therapy helped…

Bollag, Burton

2007-01-01

129

Challenges in Credentialing Institutions and Participants in Advanced Technology Multi-institutional Clinical Trials  

PubMed Central

The Radiological Physics Center (RPC) has functioned continuously for 38 years to assure NCI and the cooperative groups that institutions participating in multi-institutional trials can be expected to deliver radiation treatments that are clinically comparable to those delivered by other institutions in the cooperative groups. To accomplish this, the RPC monitors the machine output, the dosimetry data utilized by the institutions, the calculation algorithms used for treatment planning, and the institutions’ quality control procedures. The methods of monitoring include on-site dosimetry review by an RPC physicist, and a variety of remote audit tools. The introduction of advanced technology clinical trials has prompted several study groups to require participating institutions and personnel to become credentialed, to assure their familiarity and capability with techniques such as 3DCRT, IMRT, SBRT and brachytherapy. The RPC conducts a variety of credentialing activities, beginning with questionnaires to evaluate an institution’s understanding of the protocol and their capabilities. Treatment planning benchmarks are used to allow the institution to demonstrate their planning ability, and to facilitate a review of the accuracy of treatment planning systems under relevant conditions. The RPC also provides mailable anthropomorphic phantoms to verify tumor dose delivery for special treatment techniques. While conducting these reviews, the RPC has amassed a large amount of data describing the dosimetry at participating institutions. Representative data from the monitoring programs will be discussed and examples will be presented of specific instances in which the RPC contributed to the discovery and resolution of dosimetry errors.

Ibbott, Geoffrey S.; Followill, David S.; Molineu, H. Andrea; Lowenstein, Jessica R.; Alvarez, Paola E.; Roll, Joye E.

2008-01-01

130

Credentialing based on surgical volume, physician workforce challenges, and patient access.  

PubMed

Advances within the medical profession have resulted in an increase in available medical therapeutic options and minimally invasive surgical techniques for common gynecologic conditions. In many circumstances, this has led to a reduction in surgical volume for many common conditions in benign gynecology. There is also some evidence that a threshold number of cases may exist, below which surgical competence may be affected. Although the practice of medicine continues to evolve, there is broad recognition of a projected workforce shortage of physicians. If credentialing or privileging bodies establish criteria based solely on the number of procedures performed by an individual physician, patient access may be greatly affected. From a public health perspective, these issues cannot be considered in isolation. Thoughtful analysis of existing data and recognition of patient access issues should be carefully weighed before any dramatic changes in hospital privileging or hiring practices. Consideration for ongoing maintenance of credentialing should be carefully balanced and strategies for ongoing assurance of competency may require creative alternatives to simple numerical documentation. Differential approaches to regions with different densities of physicians may also be necessary. PMID:24104770

Tracy, Erin E; Zephyrin, Laurie C; Rosman, David A; Berkowitz, Lori R

2013-11-01

131

Credentialing Requirements: A Summary of the Thirty-One Professions Supervised by the Board of Regents and Administered by the New York State Education Department.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The basic requirements for credentialing in 31 professions supervised by the Board of Regents and administered by the New York State Department of Education are listed. Not every requirement is cited, and a more detailed statement of the credentialing requirements for these professions may be found in Title VIII of the Education Law and in the…

New York State Education Dept., Albany.

132

Beta-carotene-rich carotenoid-protein preparation and exopolysaccharide production by Rhodotorula rubra GED8 grown with a yogurt starter culture.  

PubMed

The underlying method for obtaining a beta-carotene-rich carotenoid-protein preparation and exopolysaccharides is the associated cultivation of the carotenoid-synthesizing lactose-negative yeast strain Rhodotorula rubra GED8 with the yogurt starter culture (Lactobacillus bulgaricus 2-11 + Streptococcus thermophilus 15HA) in whey ultrafiltrate (45 g lactose/l) with a maximum carotenoid yield of 13.37 mg/l culture fluid on the 4.5th day. The chemical composition of the carotenoid-protein preparation has been identified. The respective carotenoid and protein content is 497.4 microg/g dry cells and 50.3% per dry weight, respectively. An important characteristic of the carotenoid composition is the high percentage (51.1%) of beta-carotene (a carotenoid pigment with the highest provitamin A activity) as compared to 12.9% and 33.7%, respectively, for the other two individual pigments--torulene and torularhodin. Exopolysaccharides (12.8 g/l) synthesized by the yeast and lactic acid cultures, identified as acid biopolymers containing 7.2% glucuronic acid, were isolated in the cell-free supernatant. Mannose, produced exclusively by the yeast, predominated in the neutral carbohydrate biopolymer component (76%). The mixed cultivation of R. rubra GED8 with the yogurt starter (L. bulgaricus 2-11 + S. thermophilus 15HA) in ultrafiltrate under conditions of intracellular production of maximum amount of carotenoids and exopolysaccharides synthesis enables combined utilization of the culture fluid from the fermentation process. PMID:16989319

Frengova, Ginka I; Simova, Emilina D; Beshkova, Dora M

133

Fraudulent Credentials: Federal Employees. A Report by the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A House of Representatives report on the practice of a profession with fradulent credentials is presented. Attention is directed to the provision of medical care by unlicensed and unqualified people posing as doctors, fraudulent credentials across a range of occupations, especially those affecting the elderly, and fraudulent credentials held by…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

134

Transnational Geographies of Academic Distinction: The Role of Social Capital in the Recognition and Evaluation of "Overseas" Credentials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the role of specific and place-based social capital in the recognition and evaluation of international credentials. Whilst research on labour market segmentation has contributed towards an understanding of the spatial variability of the value of human capital, very little attention has been paid to the ways in which the…

Waters, Johanna L.

2009-01-01

135

Institutional Variation in Credential Completion: Evidence from Washington State Community and Technical Colleges. CCRC Working Paper No. 33  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As community colleges search for models of organizational success, new attention is being paid to technical colleges--institutions that primarily offer terminal programs in specific career-related fields rather than focusing on more general academic credentials and transfer programs as many comprehensive institutions do. Recent research observes…

Scott-Clayton, Judith; Weiss, Madeline Joy

2011-01-01

136

Why States Should Require A Teaching Performance Assessment and A Subject Matter Assessment For A Preliminary Teaching Credential  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decade Federal and state public policy makers have considered mandating passing of a subject matter teacher licensure assessment and a teaching performance assessment as a pre-requisite for a teaching credential. Today, a subject matter teacher licensing assessment early in a teacher's career, is required in six states as a way to meet Federal mandates requiring states to

John S Luster

137

Credential Inflation and The Professional Doctorate in California Higher Education. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.1.04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article argues that the time has come to change California's 1960 Master Plan for higher education by permitting the California State University (CSU) to award the doctorate in selected professional programs. The article also addresses the inadequacies of the joint doctorate as the means to remedy degree or credential creep; the CSU's focus…

La Belle, Thomas J.

2004-01-01

138

An Investigation of the Interaction between Item Content and Group Membership on the Tests of General Educational Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the item characteristics of the General Educational Development Tests (GED) for specific subgroups of students. The method employed was the approach suggested by Linn and Harnisch in which the three-parameter logistic model is used for detecting interactions between item content and group…

Harnisch, Delwyn L.

139

Armed with a GED  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is not an average classroom. All of the 15 students in the English class Christin M. Bradshaw is teaching on a late-October afternoon are dressed identically in desert fatigues and combat boots. All the young men have uniform buzz cuts. Outside, there is the faint popping of distant rifle practice and the shouted commands of drill sergeants…

Cech, Scott J.

2008-01-01

140

Education and credentialing in respiratory care: where are we and where should we be headed?  

PubMed

Respiratory care is indeed at a crossroads. The profession will continue to develop by advancing the education and credentialing needed to function as physician extenders-true cardiopulmonary physician's assistants. As such, the respiratory therapist of the future will focus on patient assessment,care plan development, protocol administration, disease management and rehabilitation, and patient and family education, including tobacco education and smoking cessation. Respiratory therapists, through primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention activities, can positively affect peoples'quality of life. This advanced level professional will work in the intensive-and acute-care settings, applying sophisticated cardiopulmonary technologies, as well in clinics, physician offices, home care, long-term and rehabilitation facilities, industry, educational institutions, and research facilities. The alternative to this advanced practice is for the profession to remain a task-oriented technical field, focused on procedures and the technical aspects of oxygen and aerosol therapy, mechanical ventilatory support, and related diagnostic and monitoring techniques. Although there is a dignified and important role for the provision of the technical aspects of respiratory care, the authors believe that the future role of the respiratory specialist is that of physician extender. Higher-order performance will result in higher-order contributions to health care. This role will require increased numbers of baccalaureate and graduate degree programs in respiratory care and increased numbers of respiratory therapists who hold higher degrees,including the master's degree in respiratory care and doctoral degrees in related fields. Community colleges, 4-year colleges, and universities should be encouraged to develop effective articulation agreements and mechanisms to offer the bachelor of science degree in respiratory care to the community college student. Professional associations and accrediting agencies should promote the development of additional baccalaureate and master's degree programs in respiratory care. Education is best defined as positive behavior change. Amplified education can only improve the ability of respiratory therapists to contribute to the cardiopulmonary health of people worldwide. PMID:16168918

Shelledy, David C; Wiezalis, Carl P

2005-09-01

141

Reduction of central venous catheter associated blood stream infections following implementation of a resident oversight and credentialing policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  This study assesses the impact that a resident oversight and credentialing policy for central venous catheter (CVC) placement\\u000a had on institution-wide central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). We therefore investigated the rate of CLABSI\\u000a per 1,000 line days during the 12 months before and after implementation of the policy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data at an

Robert A Cherry; Cheri E West; Maria C Hamilton; Colleen M Rafferty; Christopher S Hollenbeak; Gregory M Caputo

2011-01-01

142

Fraudulent Credentials. Joint Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care and the Subcommittee on Housing and Consumer Interests of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hearings on the promotion and purchase of fraudulent credentials are presented, along with the results of an inquiry conducted by a Subcommittee of the Select Committee on Aging of the House of Representatives. Cases of persons who obtained fraudulent credentials and/or illegally practiced a profession are described. Testimony from state licensing…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

143

Factors Influencing Nontraditional Age Student Participation in Postsecondary Education: How Do Student Motivations and Characteristics Relate to Adult Participation in Credential Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do student motivations and characteristics relate to participation in credential programs--either in the form of a college or university program, or a program leading to a diploma or certificate from a vocational or technical school or program? Through multinomial logistic regression analysis of data from the 1999 National Household Education…

Kortesoja, Sandra

2006-01-01

144

An Advanced Temporal Credential-Based Security Scheme with Mutual Authentication and Key Agreement for Wireless Sensor Networks  

PubMed Central

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be quickly and randomly deployed in any harsh and unattended environment and only authorized users are allowed to access reliable sensor nodes in WSNs with the aid of gateways (GWNs). Secure authentication models among the users, the sensor nodes and GWN are important research issues for ensuring communication security and data privacy in WSNs. In 2013, Xue et al. proposed a temporal-credential-based mutual authentication and key agreement scheme for WSNs. However, in this paper, we point out that Xue et al.'s scheme cannot resist stolen-verifier, insider, off-line password guessing, smart card lost problem and many logged-in users' attacks and these security weaknesses make the scheme inapplicable to practical WSN applications. To tackle these problems, we suggest a simple countermeasure to prevent proposed attacks while the other merits of Xue et al.'s authentication scheme are left unchanged.

Li, Chun-Ta; Weng, Chi-Yao; Lee, Cheng-Chi

2013-01-01

145

An advanced temporal credential-based security scheme with mutual authentication and key agreement for wireless sensor networks.  

PubMed

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be quickly and randomly deployed in any harsh and unattended environment and only authorized users are allowed to access reliable sensor nodes in WSNs with the aid of gateways (GWNs). Secure authentication models among the users, the sensor nodes and GWN are important research issues for ensuring communication security and data privacy in WSNs. In 2013, Xue et al. proposed a temporal-credential-based mutual authentication and key agreement scheme for WSNs. However, in this paper, we point out that Xue et al.'s scheme cannot resist stolen-verifier, insider, off-line password guessing, smart card lost problem and many logged-in users' attacks and these security weaknesses make the scheme inapplicable to practical WSN applications. To tackle these problems, we suggest a simple countermeasure to prevent proposed attacks while the other merits of Xue et al.'s authentication scheme are left unchanged. PMID:23887085

Li, Chun-Ta; Weng, Chi-Yao; Lee, Cheng-Chi

2013-07-24

146

Study of the Fundamental Bands of 70GeD4 by High-Resolution Raman and Infrared Spectroscopy: First Experimental Determination of the Equilibrium Bond Length of Germane  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The four fundamental bands of 70GeD4 have been analyzed using the STDS software developed in Dijon (http://www.u-bourgogne.fr/LPUB/sTDS.html). Both infrared and Raman spectra were used to observe all fundamental bands. Infrared spectra of monoisotopic 70GeD4 were recorded in the regions 600 and 1500 cm-1 using the Bruker 120HR interferometer at Wuppertal. The resolution (1/maximum optical path difference) was between 2.3 and 3.3×10-3 cm-1 for the ?3 and ?4 infrared-active fundamental bands as well as for the interacting ?2 band. A high-resolution stimulated Raman spectrum of the ?1 band has been recorded in Madrid. The instrumental resolution of the Raman spectrum was 3.3×10-3 cm-1. We have performed a global fit of the ground state, ?2/?4 bending dyad, and ?1/?3 stretching dyad. We have used 1146, 139, and 676 assigned lines for ?2/?4, ?1, and ?3, respectively. The standard deviation is 2.2×10-3 cm-1 for the bending dyad, 1.6×10-3 cm-1 for the ?3 infrared lines, and 1.7×10-3 cm-1 for the ?1 Raman lines. These results enabled us to perform the first experimental determination of the equilibrium bond length of germane as re=1.5173(1) Å.

Pierre, G.; Boudon, V.; Mkadmi, E. B.; Bürger, H.; Bermejo, D.; Martínez, R.

2002-12-01

147

Are managed care organizations in the United States impeding the delivery of primary care by nurse practitioners? A 2012 update on managed care organization credentialing and reimbursement practices.  

PubMed

In 2014, the Affordable Care Act will create an estimated 16 million newly insured people. Coupled with an estimated shortage of over 60,000 primary care physicians, the country's public health care system will be at a challenging crossroads, as there will be more patients waiting to see fewer doctors. Nurse practitioners (NPs) can help to ease this crisis. NPs are health care professionals with the capability to provide important and critical access to primary care, particularly for vulnerable populations. However, despite convincing data about the quality of care provided by NPs, many managed care organizations (MCOs) across the country do not credential NPs as primary care providers, limiting the ability of NPs to be reimbursed by private insurers. To assess current credentialing practices of health plans across the United States, a brief telephone survey was administered to 258 of the largest health maintenance organizations (HMOs) in the United States, operated by 98 different MCOs. Results indicated that 74% of these HMOs currently credential NPs as primary care providers. Although this represents progress over prior assessments, findings suggest that just over one fourth of major HMOs still do not recognize NPs as primary care providers. Given the documented shortage of primary care physicians in low-income communities in the United States, these credentialing policies continue to diminish the ability of NPs to deliver primary care to vulnerable populations. Furthermore, these policies could negatively impact access to care for thousands of newly insured Americans who will be seeking a primary care provider in 2014. PMID:23540569

Hansen-Turton, Tine; Ware, Jamie; Bond, Lisa; Doria, Natalie; Cunningham, Patrick

2013-03-29

148

Global Recognition of Qualified Toxicologic Pathologists: Credential Review as a Potential Route for Recognizing the Proficiency of Pathologists Involved in Regulatory-type Nonclinical Studies*  

PubMed Central

Recent international summits of the International Federation of Societies of Toxicologic Pathologists (IFSTP) have debated the desirability and potential means by which the proficiency of an individual toxicologic pathologist might be recognized and communicated throughout the world. The present document describes the advantages and disadvantages of implementing such a global recognition system by any means, and provides a proposal whereby recognition might be accorded via rigorous credential review of a practitioner’s education and experience.

Ettlin, Robert A.; Bolon, Brad; Pyrah, Ian; Konishi, Yoichi; Black, Hugh E.

2009-01-01

149

Why We Complete a Teacher Education Program: Credentialed Teachers, a Critical Incident Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study focused on the initial reasons individuals enter and complete the teacher education program, and pass the state test. These same individuals do not enter the public school classroom. This study identified meaningful categories for incidents reported as effective or helpful to successfully facilitating their decision to enter and…

Alastuey, Lisa; Justice, Madeline; Weeks, Sandy; Hardy, James

2005-01-01

150

34 CFR 300.102 - Limitation-exception to FAPE for certain ages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...300.8. (3)(i) Children with disabilities who have...section does not apply to children who have graduated from...or a general educational development credential (GED). (4) Children with disabilities who...

2013-07-01

151

Iowa's Community College Adult Literacy Annual Report. Program Year 2007, July 1, 2006-June 30, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive document replaces the previously published Benchmark Report, Benchmark Report Executive Summary, Iowa's Community College Basic Literacy Skills Credential Report, Iowa GED Statistical Report, GED Annual Performance Report and Iowa's Adult Literacy Program National Reporting System Annual Performance Report (Graphic…

Division of Community Colleges and Workforce Preparation, Iowa Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

152

Learning about Students with General Education Development Diplomas on College Campuses: Implications for Academic Advisors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the numbers of students who earn the general educational development (GED) high school equivalency diploma increase, so too does the presence of GED credential holders on college campuses. Yet in large universities, they make up a relatively small demographic group whose advising needs may go unnoticed. In this article, we describe a series of…

Tokpah, Christopher; Padak, Nancy; Baycich, Dianna; Trehan, Dawn Marie; Turnidge, Darrell

2006-01-01

153

An Admissions Officer's Credentials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Marilee Jones has resigned as a dean of admissions at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology after admitting that she had misrepresented her academic degrees when first applying to work at the university in 1979. As one of the nation's most prominent admissions officers--and a leader in the movement to make the application process less…

Chronicle of Higher Education, 2007

2007-01-01

154

Accurately measuring 'green' credentials.  

PubMed

In a slightly adapted version of article first published in the IFHE (International Federation of Hospital Engineering) Digest 2012, José Túnica, managing director, Carla Planas, BREEAM assessor, and Raquel Clemente, LEED AP BREEAM assessor, at Spanish independent engineering firm, JG Ingenieros, examine the impact on the design of hospitals and other healthcare buildings of some of the key environmental assessment schemes now in use internationally. PMID:24000544

Túnica, José; Planas, Carla; Clemente, Raquel

2013-08-01

155

Ideas Exchange: Should School Districts Have a Specific Individual Designated as the Director or Coordinator for Physical Education? What Credentials Should One Possess to Be Effective in Such a Role?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the opinions/ideas of professionals who were asked these questions: "Should school districts have a specific individual designated as the Director or Coordinator for Physical Education? What credentials should one possess to be effective in such a role?" The professionals contend that every school district needs to have a…

Kerekes, Jack; Chase, Melissa A.; Reiss, Carole B.; Fennel, Adam; Vulpis,Dominick; Magnotta, John; Arcadi, Mary; Siracuse, Robert M.; Christenson, Robert S.; Wright, Jim

2010-01-01

156

Fraudulent Credentials: Federal Employees. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An investigation of the employment of federal employees who obtained fradulent educational degrees and professional credentials was initiated by Congress and conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Postal Service. One diploma mill operation was using the mails to defraud (i.e., they took people's money without giving them…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

157

Fraudulent Credentials: Federal Employees. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation of the employment of federal employees who obtained fradulent educational degrees and professional credentials was initiated by Congress and conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Postal Service. One diploma mill operation was using the mails to defraud (i.e., they took people's money without giving them…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

158

GOAL Academy: Giving Dropouts a Second Chance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Department of Education's (ED) National Center for Education Statistics defines dropouts as "16- through 21-year-olds who are not enrolled in school and have not earned a high school credential (either a diploma or an equivalency credential such as a General Education Development (GED) certificate)." According to the feds, the U.S.…

Dicksteen, Lisa Napell

2012-01-01

159

GOAL Academy: Giving Dropouts a Second Chance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The U.S. Department of Education's (ED) National Center for Education Statistics defines dropouts as "16- through 21-year-olds who are not enrolled in school and have not earned a high school credential (either a diploma or an equivalency credential such as a General Education Development (GED) certificate)." According to the feds, the U.S.…

Dicksteen, Lisa Napell

2012-01-01

160

Preparedness and disaster response training for veterinary students: literature review and description of the North Carolina State University Credentialed Veterinary Responder Program.  

PubMed

The nation's veterinary colleges lack the curricula necessary to meet veterinary demands for animal/public health and emergency preparedness. To this end, the authors report a literature review summarizing training programs within human/veterinary medicine. In addition, the authors describe new competency-based Veterinary Credential Responder training at North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine (NCSU CVM). From an evaluation of 257 PubMed-derived articles relating to veterinary/medical disaster training, 14 fulfilled all inclusion requirements (nine were veterinary oriented; five came from human medical programs). Few offered ideas on the core competencies required to produce disaster-planning and response professionals. The lack of published literature in this area points to a need for more formal discussion and research on core competencies. Non-veterinary articles emphasized learning objectives, commonly listing an incident command system, the National Incident Management System, teamwork, communications, and critical event management/problem solving. These learning objectives were accomplished either through short-course formats or via their integration into a larger curriculum. Formal disaster training in veterinary medicine mostly occurs within existing public health courses. Much of the literature focuses on changing academia to meet current and future needs in public/animal health disaster-preparedness and careers. The NCSU CVM program, in collaboration with North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service, Emergency Programs and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health, operates as a stand-alone third-year two-week core-curriculum training program that combines lecture, online, experiential, and group exercises to meet entry-level federal credentialing requirements. The authors report here its content, outcomes, and future development plans. PMID:19861720

Dunning, Dianne; Martin, Michael P; Tickel, Jimmy L; Gentry, William B; Cowen, Peter; Slenning, Barrett D

2009-01-01

161

Tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews 43 publications on tests. The publications of J. R. Angell, W. B. Pillsburg, C. E. Seashore, R. S. Woodworth and F. L. Wells, and R. M. Yerkes and J. B. Watson, presented development of methods of testing single mental processes. The second group of tests dealing with single or groups of mental processes for determining their value as methods

Frank N. Freeman

1912-01-01

162

Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a report of the findings and recommendations of the Division of Instruction and Professional Development of the National Education Association (NEA) on testing. NEA called for a moratorium on standardized testing in 1972 and created the task force on testing, whose work is summarized in this report. After an introduction stating the…

National Education Association, Washington, DC. Div. of Instruction and Professional Development.

163

PharmGED: Pharmacogenetic Effect Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prediction and elucidation of pharmacogenetic effects is important for facilitating the develop- ment of personalized medicines. Knowledge of polymorphism-induced and other types of drug- response variations is needed for facilitating such studies. Although databases of pharmacogenetic knowledge, polymorphism and toxicogenomic information have appeared, some of the relevant data are provided in separate web-pages and in terms of relatively long descriptions

C. J. Zheng; L. Y. Han; B. Xie; C. Y. Liew; S. Ong; J. Cui; H. L. Zhang; Z. Q. Tang; S. H. Gan; L. Jiang; Yu Zong Chen

2007-01-01

164

The ethics of administrative credentialing.  

PubMed

A vascular surgeon has practiced in the same community for more than 20 years, holding privileges at the two largest local general hospitals. She is widely respected and admired by patients and fellow physicians in all specialties, and her results are consistently good. Recently, the board of directors at the hospital that has been the source of 80% of her case referrals hired a notorious slash-and-burn management firm to improve the balance sheet. The new chief executive officer (CEO) installed an information technology system that can provide management with physician-specific figures on costs and reimbursements. The management consultants identified the 10% of physicians with the worst cost/reimbursement ratios over the preceding 5 years and persuaded the board of directors to order their clinical privileges withdrawn. Our seasoned surgeon learns that she is among the targeted group. Is there an ethical issue here, and, if so, how should she respond? PMID:15874943

Jones, James W; McCullough, Laurence B; Crigger, Nancy A; Richman, Bruce W

2005-04-01

165

Security Credential Mapping in Grids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federating security and trust is one of the most significant architectural requirements in grids. In this regard, one challenging issue is the cross-organizational authentication and identification. Organizations participated in Virtual Organizations (VOs) may use different security infrastructures that implement different authentication and identification protocols. Thus, arises an architectural need to provide a mechanism for a lightweight, rapid and interoperable translation

Mehran Ahsant; Esteban Talavera Gonzalez; Jim Basney

2009-01-01

166

28 CFR 544.70 - Purpose and scope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...as provided for in § 544.71, an inmate confined in a federal institution who does not have a verified General Educational Development (GED) credential or high school diploma is required to attend an adult literacy program for a minimum of 240...

2009-07-01

167

Psychological testing of sign language interpreters.  

PubMed

Twenty-eight sign language interpreters participated in a battery of tests to determine if a profile of cognitive, motor, attention, and personality attributes might distinguish them as a group and at different credential levels. Eight interpreters held Level II and nine held Level III Virginia Quality Assurance Screenings (VQAS); the other 11 held Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf (RID) certification. Six formal tests, the Quick Neurological Screening Test-II, the Wonderlic Personnel Test, the Test of Visual-Motor Skills (TVMS), the d2 Test of Attention, the Integrated Visual and Auditory Continuous Performance Test, and the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF), were administered to the interpreters. Average scores were high on most of the tests; differences across the three groups were not statistically significant. Results from only one test, the d2 Test of Attention, were significantly correlated with interpreter level. Comparisons between educational and community interpreters also revealed no differences. Personality traits were widely distributed, but one trait, abstract reasoning, tested extremely high in 18 interpreters. Discussion of the potential implications of these results, particularly for educational interpreters, is offered. PMID:15304401

Seal, Brenda C

2004-01-01

168

ARCHQQ: Stata module to generate QQ plot and distribution tests for ARCH models  

Microsoft Academic Search

archqq is primarily for use after {cmd:arch} but can also be applied to an arbitrary variable. It displays Q-Q plots of the standardized residuals from an ARCH model against a standard normal, t-distribution normalized to variance 1 or the GED distribution. The distribution (and degrees of freedom for a t-distribution or shape parameter for the GED) is the one used

Sune Karlsson

2008-01-01

169

Standards and guidelines for CFTR mutation testing.  

PubMed

One mission of the ACMG Laboratory Quality Assurance (QA) Committee is to develop standards and guidelines for clinical genetics laboratories, including cytogenetics, biochemical, and molecular genetics specialties. This document was developed under the auspices of the Molecular Subcommittee of the Laboratory QA Committee by the Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Working Group. It was placed on the "fast track" to address the preanalytical, analytical, and postanalytical quality assurance practices of laboratories currently providing testing for CF. Due to the anticipated impact of the ACMG recommendation statement endorsing carrier testing of reproductive couples, it was viewed that CF testing would increase in volume and that the number of laboratories offering CF testing would also likely increase. Therefore, this document was drafted with the premise of providing useful information gained by experienced laboratory directors who have provided such testing for many years. In many instances, "tips" are given. However, these guidelines are not to be interpreted as restrictive or the only approach but to provide a helpful guide. Certainly, appropriately trained and credentialed laboratory directors have flexibility to utilize various testing platforms and design testing strategies with considerable latitude. We felt that it was essential to include technique-specific guidelines of several current technologies commonly used in laboratories providing CF testing, since three of the four technologies discussed are available commercially and are widely utilized. We take the view that these technologies will change, and thus this document will change with future review. PMID:12394352

Richards, Carolyn Sue; Bradley, Linda A; Amos, Jean; Allitto, Bernice; Grody, Wayne W; Maddalena, Anne; McGinnis, Matthew J; Prior, Thomas W; Popovich, Bradley W; Watson, Michael S; Palomaki, Glenn E

170

Training Manual for ABE/GED Teachers. Entry Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual is intended for teachers new to adult basic education programs and attempts to cover certain aspects and knowledge areas relevant to the adult learner's situation. Chapter 1 outlines what teachers and students need to know. For teachers this includes content knowledge, learner characteristics, interpersonal skills, and…

Muir, Buzz; Wischropp, Theodore

171

Online Credentials: A State of Wariness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a first-year superintendent, Nick Polyak has yet to conduct a search for a principal to lead one of his four schools in the Illinois Valley Central School District in Chillicothe, Ill. When that opportunity does come, Polyak is quite sure he'll be skeptical of any candidate whose curriculum vitae lists courses or entire degrees completed in…

Richardson, Jayson W.

2010-01-01

172

Credentials in a More Expressive Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The conclusions drawn in Torsten Husen's book, "The School in Question," are questioned. The author sees nothing in the change of values which Husen discusses which would bring about institutional change. Specifically, the author takes issue with Husen's prediction that the emphasis on diplomas and certificates will change. (Author/KC)|

Dore, Ronald

1979-01-01

173

History syndrome or Popperian credentials of Geology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earth-science is greatly concerned with history. It is argued by some that a historical discipline is not a science. This\\u000a is contrary to the conclusion from the demarcation criteria of Popper, set to separate science from formal disciplines such\\u000a as metaphysics, mathematics and logic. Others have spoken of the unity of all sciences. Classification of intellectual activities\\u000a is based ongenus

P S Moharir

1993-01-01

174

Online Credentials: A State of Wariness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a first-year superintendent, Nick Polyak has yet to conduct a search for a principal to lead one of his four schools in the Illinois Valley Central School District in Chillicothe, Ill. When that opportunity does come, Polyak is quite sure he'll be skeptical of any candidate whose curriculum vitae lists courses or entire degrees completed in…

Richardson, Jayson W.

2010-01-01

175

Project GRADS (Grass Roots Alternative Diploma Study).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project to develop grass roots alternative diploma study (Project GRADS) was undertaken for the purpose of formulating and implementing a multimodal, systems approach to preparing rural adults to pass the General Educational Development (GED) Tests. During the year-long, countywide program, GED programming was developed and delivered via the…

Kimmel, Harold S.; Lucas, Geoffrey S.

176

Cognitive and psychomotor performance tests and experiment design in multiple chemical sensitivity.  

PubMed Central

People suffering from multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) complain of a variety of symptoms that could impair cognitive and psychomotor function either directly or indirectly. This paper discusses the use of cognitive and psychomotor performance tests together with some experiment designs that could be considered for use to assess fitness of MCS sufferers for work or the efficacy of diagnostic, preventative, or therapeutic measures. The tests could also contribute to the body of objective information on MCS and help sway the opinion of those who are dubious of its authenticity. The credentials of cognitive and psychomotor performance tests are derived from their successful use in studying the effects of drugs, and the types of tests are illustrated by describing those used by the United Kingdom Defence Evaluation and Research Agency Chemical and Biological Defence Human Studies Group, which has been involved in the assessment of drugs and chemicals on work performance for many years. The tests include mathematical, verbal and spatial processing, tracking, reaction time, attention and vigilance, and memory tests. The discussion of experiment designs includes both repeated measures and parallel groups designs together with their advantages and disadvantages and some suggested modifications to accommodate the particular problems posed by MCS.

Wetherell, A

1997-01-01

177

Pinworm test  

MedlinePLUS

Oxyuriasis test; Enterobiasis test; Tape test ... diagnose this infection is to do a tape test. The best time to do this is in ... to confirm that there are eggs. The tape test may need to be done on three separate ...

178

Testing? Testing? In Literature?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assumptions behind secondary school literature course tests--whether asking students to recall aspects of literary works, to relate literary works to each other, or to analyze unfamiliar literary works--are open to question. They fail to acknowledge some of the most important aspects of literature which, if properly taught, should provide a…

Purves, Alan C.

179

Testing? Testing? In Literature?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The assumptions behind secondary school literature course tests--whether asking students to recall aspects of literary works, to relate literary works to each other, or to analyze unfamiliar literary works--are open to question. They fail to acknowledge some of the most important aspects of literature which, if properly taught, should provide a…

Purves, Alan C.

180

20 CFR 638.502 - Job Corps basic education program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...prepare eligible students for the American Council on Education Tests of General Educational Development (GED); (d) World of work; (e) Health education; (f) Driver education; and (g) English as a second language (ESL)...

2010-04-01

181

Implementation of the Panasonic TLD (Thermoluminescent Dosimeter) system for personnel monitoring at the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

In January 1987, the dosimetry system at the Nevada Test Site changed from a film badge dosimetry program to the Panasonic Thermoluminescent Dosimeter (TLD) system to monitor external radiation exposure to personnel working at the Nevada Test Site. In order to implement the Panasonic TLD system, a combination dosimeter and security credential badge holder had to be developed, a computer processing system developed, a dose processing algorithm developed and enough Panasonic UD802AS2 TLDs purchased to support a large quarterly exchange. Problems that had to be resolved during the first year of operation were: processing approximately 15,000 dosimeters per quarter; multiple exchange of the same dosimeter in the same quarter due to incoming visitors and vendors; late returns due to the unique user community at the Nevada Test Site; TLD damage experience and unusual TLD anomalies. The experience from the original planning stages for conversion to the TLD system to the reality of the implementation of this system will be discussed.

DeMarre, M.; Teasdale, C.L.; Sygitowicz, L.S.

1988-01-01

182

Coombs’ test  

MedlinePLUS

Direct antiglobulin test; Indirect antiglobulin test ... No special preparation is necessary for this test. ... There are two types of the Coombs' test: Direct Indirect The ... that are stuck to the surface of red blood cells. Many diseases ...

183

Chlamydia Test  

MedlinePLUS

... the two infections require different antibiotic treatment. The nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) is the preferred test. This ... 29) , Adults (30-49) , Adults (50 and up) Features: The Universe of Genetic Testing: Infectious Disease Testing ...

184

HPV Test  

MedlinePLUS

... development of genital warts, abnormal cervical cells or cervical cancer. Your doctor might recommend the HPV test if: ... The HPV test is a screening test for cervical cancer, but the test doesn't tell you whether ...

185

Intelligence tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses intelligence testing and its use in schools, institutions and business houses. A brief history of intelligence testing is outlined followed by theoretical considerations and mention of new intelligence scales or revisions of previous intelligence scales for the individual measurement of intelligence. Topics mentioned in this discussion of new intelligence tests include: group tests, tests with school children, tests for

Rudolf Pintner

1926-01-01

186

The External Degree as a Credential: Notes on Methodology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of associate- and bachelor-level graduates from a selected group of external degree programs (EDP) is described with emphasis on survey methodology. Likely employers of EDP graduates were also surveyed regarding their hiring and promotion policies in this study aimed at developing appropriate methods of assessing the acceptability and…

Sosdian, Carol P.; Sharp, Laure M.

187

Bayesian Statistics, Credentialing Examinations, and the Determination of Passing Points  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bayesian approach to setting passing points presents an attractive alternative to the normative and absolute standard approaches. The Bayesian approach takes into explicit consideration important variables such as loss ratios, well-defined minimum criterion levels, the nature of existing data on candidate competence, and the true level of functioning of a candidate. In this article, the Bayesian approach to setting

Craig G. Schoon; Christina M. Gullion; Philip Ferrara

1979-01-01

188

32 CFR 767.6 - Credentials of principal investigator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and analytic experience in general North American historic archaeology and maritime history; the demonstrated ability to...experience at a supervisory level in the study of historic marine archeological resources. This person...

2010-07-01

189

32 CFR 767.6 - Credentials of principal investigator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and analytic experience in general North American historic archaeology and maritime history; the demonstrated ability to...experience at a supervisory level in the study of historic marine archeological resources. This person...

2013-07-01

190

32 CFR 767.6 - Credentials of principal investigator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and analytic experience in general North American historic archaeology and maritime history; the demonstrated ability to...experience at a supervisory level in the study of historic marine archeological resources. This person...

2009-07-01

191

Credentials, Curriculum, and Access: The Debate Over Nurse Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The question of how to best prepare nurses for practice continues to be debated extensively. The crux of the debate is whether a bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) should be required of all registered nurses in the United States or whether an associate degree in nursing (ADN) and diploma programs adequately prepare novice nurses for practice.…

Karp, Melinda Mechur; Jacobs, James; Hughes, Katherine L.

192

Credentialing behavior analysts and the Florida behavior analysis certification program  

PubMed Central

Nearly 1,000 professions are regulated in one or more of the 50 states. Behavior analysis is not regulated as a distinct profession except in Florida. Typically, the regulation of behavior analysis is subsumed within other professions (such as psychology) whose practices often differ considerably from those of behavior analysis. This paper provides an overview of the common methods of regulation and discusses the pros and cons of regulating behavior analysis independently of other professions. It also describes how one state agency in Florida has regulated behavior analysts through the Behavior Analysis Certification Program, with a historical summary of the development of the training curriculum and certification examination and description of current efforts to refine and expand the regulation of behavior analysts. Suggestions for establishing formal regulation of behavior analysts in other states are also given. ImagesFigure 2

Starin, Stephen; Hemingway, Michael; Hartsfield, Fae

1993-01-01

193

Training, management, and credentialing for CRRT in the ICU  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in the intensive care unit (ICU) requires a dedicated training and educational process that includes both theoretical and practical approaches. Important goals for this process include achieving an acceptable circuit life without patient complications and providing a high percentage of staff with bedside expertise. Lectures or didactic sessions must link into bedside instruction and simulations

Ian C. Baldwin

1997-01-01

194

Research Administrator Salary: Association with Education, Experience, Credentials and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 2010 Research Administrators Stress Perception Survey (2010 RASPerS) collected data from 1,131 research administrators on salary, years experience, educational level, Certified Research Administrator (CRA) status, and gender. Using these data, comparisons were made to show how salary levels are associated with each of these variables. Using…

Shambrook, Jennifer; Roberts, Thomas J.; Triscari, Robert

2011-01-01

195

Credentials versus Performance: Review of the Teacher Performance Pay Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine the economic case for merit or performance-based pay for K-12 teachers. We review several areas of germane research. The direct evaluation literature on these incentive plans is slender; highly diverse in terms of methodology, targeted populations, and programs evaluated; and primarily focused on short-run motivational…

Podgursky, Michael; Springer, Matthew G.

2007-01-01

196

Anonymous Credentials for Privacy-Preserving E-learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-learning systems have made considerable progress within the last few years. Nonetheless, the issue of learner privacy has been practically ignored. Existing E-learning standards offer some provisions for privacy and the security of E-learning systems offers some privacy protection, but remains unsatisfactory on several levels. On the other hand, privacy preserving solutions that are appropriate and used in E-commerce environments

Esma Aïmeur; Hicham Hage; F. S. M. Onana

2008-01-01

197

Doing Good and Doing Well: Credentialism and Teach for America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent years, Teach for America (TFA) has placed thousands of high-achieving college graduates in hard-to-staff schools, and its popularity continues to grow. TFA thus represents an anomaly: it attracts higher education's top students to primary and secondary education's least desired jobs. This article reviews the current explanations for…

Maier, Adam

2012-01-01

198

Coming Soon to Your Favorite Credential Program: National Exit Exams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an October 22, 2010, speech to teacher educators at Columbia University's Teachers College, Secretary of Education Arne Duncan proclaimed that revolutionary change in the education of teachers is essential if the problems facing U.S. society and U.S. schools are to be solved. Toward the end of his speech, he declared that a standardized…

Berlak, Ann

2010-01-01

199

42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...appropriate. The application must be signed and...completeness of the application and other information submitted in support of the application; (ii) Recredentialing...programs, utilization management systems, handling of...

2012-10-01

200

Challenges of Recruiting Candidates with Strong Academic Credentials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A major challenge to improving science education lies in the shortage of qualified science teachers. A potential solution to this challenge consists of directing the energy and talent of graduate students and postdoctoral scientists to reinvigorate science education in schools. This requires creating new, more accessible pathways for science…

Denton, Jon; Davis, Trina

2007-01-01

201

Localization of credential information to address increasingly inevitable data breaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large-scale data breaches exposing sensitive personal information are becoming commonplace. For numerous reasons, conventional personal (identification) information leaks from databases that store online and\\/or on-site user transaction data. Collected ID numbers and supporting personal information enable malicious parties to commit large-scale identity fraud. Gates and Slonim (NSPW 2003) proposed the owner-controlled information paradigm to address privacy violations of personal information

Mohammad Mannan; P. C. van Oorschot

2008-01-01

202

Test planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The test procedures and program verification methods that should be used in planning a software development are presented. Planning considerations cover initial determination of test objectives, test planning criteria, the use of test tools based upon the anticipated design and application error set, and test standards. The presentation is directed to the manager who has had some software experience and

R. Dean Hartwick

1977-01-01

203

Test Madness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There's accountability and then there's the testing craze an iatrogenic practice that undermines real learning. Hedrick documents the negative effects of testing, giving teachers another weapon in their arsenal against mindless preparation for high-stakes tests.|

Hedrick, Wanda B., Ed.

2007-01-01

204

Test Madness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There's accountability and then there's the testing craze an iatrogenic practice that undermines real learning. Hedrick documents the negative effects of testing, giving teachers another weapon in their arsenal against mindless preparation for high-stakes tests.

Hedrick, Wanda B., Ed.

2007-01-01

205

Prenatal Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... problems in you or your baby. Based on screening test results, your doctor might suggest diagnostic tests. Diagnostic tests confirm or rule out health problems in you or your baby. Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health

206

IQ testing  

MedlinePLUS

IQ (intelligence quotient) testing is a series of exams used to determine your general intelligence in relation ... Many IQ tests are used today. Whether they measure actual intelligence or simply certain abilities is controversial. IQ tests ...

207

Test quality  

SciTech Connect

This document discusses inservice testing of safety-related components at nuclear power plants which is performed under the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (the Code). Subsections IWP and IWV of Section XI of the Code state test method and frequency requirements for pumps and valves respectively. Tests vary greatly in quality and frequency. This paper explores the concept of test quality and its relationship with operational readiness and preventive maintenance. This paper also considers the frequencies of component testing. Test quality is related to a test`s ability to detect degradation that can cause component failure. The quality of the test depends on several factors, including specific parameters measured, system or component conditions, and instrument accuracy. The quality of some currently required tests for check valves, motor-operated valves, and pumps is also discussed. Suggestions are made to improve test quality by measuring different parameters, testing valves under load, and testing positive displacement pumps at high pressure and centrifugal pumps at high flow rate conditions. These suggestions can help to improve the level of assurance of component operational readiness gained from testing.

Hartley, R.S. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Keller, A.E. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-09-01

208

A Post-GED Writing Curriculum for Incarcerated Women--Planning for College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a proposed curriculum, designed to address the needs and interests of women prisoners, with the goal of improving their writing skills before they enroll in college courses. The course is constructed around a schedule of three one-hour sessions per week and emphasizes composition and the mechanics of writing via sentence-combining…

Calisti, Kathryn McEwen

1986-01-01

209

Alcohol Use and Antisocial Behavior in Late Adolescence: Characteristics of a Sample Attending a GED Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined peer deviance, disinhibition, and ADHD symptoms as differential predictors of alcohol use, alcohol use disorder symptoms, and antisocial behavior. It was hypothesized that peer deviance would most strongly predict alcohol use while disinhibition and ADHD would predict alcohol use disorder symptoms and antisocial behavior.…

Owens, Meredith Reesman; Bergman, Andrea

2010-01-01

210

Test quality  

SciTech Connect

This document discusses inservice testing of safety-related components at nuclear power plants which is performed under the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (the Code). Subsections IWP and IWV of Section XI of the Code state test method and frequency requirements for pumps and valves respectively. Tests vary greatly in quality and frequency. This paper explores the concept of test quality and its relationship with operational readiness and preventive maintenance. This paper also considers the frequencies of component testing. Test quality is related to a test's ability to detect degradation that can cause component failure. The quality of the test depends on several factors, including specific parameters measured, system or component conditions, and instrument accuracy. The quality of some currently required tests for check valves, motor-operated valves, and pumps is also discussed. Suggestions are made to improve test quality by measuring different parameters, testing valves under load, and testing positive displacement pumps at high pressure and centrifugal pumps at high flow rate conditions. These suggestions can help to improve the level of assurance of component operational readiness gained from testing.

Hartley, R.S. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Keller, A.E. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01

211

Chloride Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Chloride Related tests: Sodium , Potassium , Bicarbonate (total CO2) , Electrolytes , CMP , BMP , Blood Gases At a Glance Test ... if there is a problem with your body's electrolyte balance or acid-base balance and to monitor ...

212

Corrosion Tests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Corrosion tests were conducted for the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of a cationic inhibitor and nonionic inhibitor when added to six different thread lubricants. Tests results indicate that the corrosion rate with commercial thread lubricants a...

1965-01-01

213

TRUE TEST  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Package Insert - TRUE TEST (PDF - 419KB). -. -. Supporting Documents. Correction - February 29, 2012 Approval Letter - TRUE Test June 15, 2012; ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/allergenics

214

Cholesterol Test  

MedlinePLUS

... to Worsening Cholesterol Levels (2010) Elsewhere On The Web College of American Pathologists: MyHealthTestReminder.com - Cholesterol Tests American Heart Association: Cholesterol NIH Risk Assessment Calculator ...

215

Dynamic Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article evaluatively reviews the literature on dynamic testing, a collection of testing procedures designed to quantify not only the products or even the processes of learning but also the potential to learn. The article considers a variety of approaches to dynamic testing and the strengths and weaknesses of each. Moreover, the literature on each approach is reviewed and analyzed

Elena L. Grigorenko; Robert J. Sternberg

1998-01-01

216

Tested Demonstrations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three flame test demonstrations including "Student-Presented Demonstrations on the Colors of Transition Metal Complexes,""A Flame Test Demonstration Device," and "Vivid Flame Tests." Preparation and procedures are discussed. Included in the first demonstration is an evaluation scheme for grading student demonstrations. (CW)

Gilbert, George L., Ed.

1988-01-01

217

Environmental Assessment Data Systems, user guide, Gaseous Emissions Data system. Report for Sep 78-Sep 79  

SciTech Connect

The report is a user guide to the Gaseous Emissions Data System (GEDS), a computerized data base on gaseous emissions from stationary point sources. GEDS is one of four waste stream data bases which are components of the Environmental Assessment Data Systems (EADS). The EADS concept has been designed to aid researchers in environmental assessment, emissions characterization, and control technology development. GEDS contains data from source sampling which may include: design and typical operating data on control technology applied to the gaseous effluent stream; analysis of any fuel or feedstock to the process producing the effluent stream; results of chemical, physical, radiological, and biological/ecological tests of gaseous samples; process descriptions of the sources; and descriptions of the sampling equipment and techniques employed. The GEDS protocol is consistent with Level 1 and 2 reporting requirements. The guide gives detailed instructions for encoding GEDS data sets, defines procedures for submitting and retrieving data, and contains standard nomenclature to facilitate data encoding. The guide also includes a program library that describes analytical software available to the user and provides instructions for its use. The guide also discusses procedures which will allow its users to access GEDS directly by computer or through the EPA project officer.

Larkin, R.J.

1980-01-01

218

McMurray's test tested.  

PubMed

We studied the validity of McMurray's test for a torn meniscus in 93 patients. The clinical test results were compared with arthroscopic and/or arthrotomy findings as reference. The clinical test had a sensitivity of 58.5%, a specificity of 93.4%, and the predictive value of a positive result was 82.6%. The test therefore seems to be of limited value in current clinical practice. PMID:7584186

Corea, J R; Moussa, M; al Othman, A

1994-01-01

219

Crushing Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners design a crushing test and discover that identifying and controlling the variables may be difficult. Although the crushing test will not give conclusive results, it is a good opportunity to discuss variables and why they are sometimes difficult to control. This crushing test is also a good example of how a particular test does not always give enough information to answer a question. This is a follow-up to the activity called "Curious Crystals," in which learners investigate crystals and their properties to identify an unknown crystal.

Kessler, James H.; Galvan, Patricia M.

2007-01-01

220

Performance tests.  

PubMed Central

This paper discusses the use of psychological performance tests to assess the effects of environmental stressors. The large number and the variety of performance tests are illustrated, and the differences between performance tests and other psychological tests are described in terms of their design, construction, use, and purpose. The stressor emphasis is on the effects of drugs since that is where most performance tests have found their main application, although other stressors, e.g., fatigue, toxic chemicals, are mentioned where appropriate. Diazepam is used as an example. There is no particular performance emphasis since the tests are intended to have wide applicability. However, vehicle-driving performance is discussed because it has been the subject of a great deal of research and is probably one of the most important areas of application. Performance tests are discussed in terms of the four main underlying models--factor analysis, general information processing, multiple resource and strategy models, and processing-stage models--and in terms of their psychometric properties--sensitivity, reliability, and content, criterion, construct, and face validity. Some test taxonomies are presented. Standardization is also discussed with reference to the reaction time, mathematical processing, memory search, spatial processing, unstable tracking, verbal processing, and dual task tests used in the AGARD STRES battery. Some comments on measurement strengths and appropriate study designs and methods are included.

Wetherell, A

1996-01-01

221

Performance tests.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the use of psychological performance tests to assess the effects of environmental stressors. The large number and the variety of performance tests are illustrated, and the differences between performance tests and other psychological tests are described in terms of their design, construction, use, and purpose. The stressor emphasis is on the effects of drugs since that is where most performance tests have found their main application, although other stressors, e.g., fatigue, toxic chemicals, are mentioned where appropriate. Diazepam is used as an example. There is no particular performance emphasis since the tests are intended to have wide applicability. However, vehicle-driving performance is discussed because it has been the subject of a great deal of research and is probably one of the most important areas of application. Performance tests are discussed in terms of the four main underlying models--factor analysis, general information processing, multiple resource and strategy models, and processing-stage models--and in terms of their psychometric properties--sensitivity, reliability, and content, criterion, construct, and face validity. Some test taxonomies are presented. Standardization is also discussed with reference to the reaction time, mathematical processing, memory search, spatial processing, unstable tracking, verbal processing, and dual task tests used in the AGARD STRES battery. Some comments on measurement strengths and appropriate study designs and methods are included. PMID:9182033

Wetherell, A

1996-04-01

222

Trypsinogen Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Cancer , Pancreatitis , Pancreatic Insufficiency , Pancreatic Diseases Screening: Screening Tests for Newborns Elsewhere On The Web Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Cystic Fibrosis Canada National Heart ...

223

Drug Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A number of legal issues are involved in conducting a drug testing program to determine whether students--and occasionally teachers--are using illegal drugs. Two legal issues have been raised concerning the accuracy of the urinalysis test: whether it is chemically accurate and whether appropriate procedures have been followed to make certain that…

Legal Memorandum, 1987

1987-01-01

224

Drug Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of legal issues are involved in conducting a drug testing program to determine whether students--and occasionally teachers--are using illegal drugs. Two legal issues have been raised concerning the accuracy of the urinalysis test: whether it is chemically accurate and whether appropriate procedures have been followed to make certain that…

Legal Memorandum, 1987

1987-01-01

225

Basketweave test  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 'apparent' microbend sensitivity of 62.5\\/125 micrometer graded index multimode fiber was examined as a function of both cure temperature and oxygen concentration present during cure for three UV curable acrylate coatings. The 'basketweave' test was used to quantify the microbending loss. Two coating materials cured under elevated temperature conditions exhibited increased microbending loss response at ambient test temperatures. One

Peter R. Stupak; B. Bellerive

1996-01-01

226

Testing Ourselves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Open-area test site (OATS) calibration is discussed in this tutorial. The calibration is performed according to the CISPR and ANSI\\/IEEE standards. First, theoretical calculations of the normalized-site- attenuation (NSA) procedure are presented. Then, normalized-site- attenuation measurements of a newly established open-area test site are given. Finally, calibration is done through comparisons.

Levent Sevgl

2010-01-01

227

Intelligence testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter addresses the origin, legacy, and persistence of intelligence testing in the United States as a process whereby education was colonized by the field of psychology. The convergence of events which fostered the development of intelligence tests and which maintain them in high standing link the history of schooling to the larger field of social change and reinforce the

Theresa Richardson; Erwin V Johanningmeier

1998-01-01

228

Epicutaneous testing.  

PubMed

The patch test and chamber test are the ordinary methods for detecting delayed type contact allergies. The method, test substances and criteria of positive reactions are already well standardized. Open testing is also used for problematic chemicals such as strong topical medicaments, emulsifiers and propylene glycol. The many problems of standardization are still unresolved in photocutaneous testing. Some chemicals are applied to the skin without occlusion, though the chamber test or patch test methods are used with most of them. The composition of the vehicle and occlusion time vary greatly from one photosensitizing substance to another. A xenon arc is recommended for screening any photosensitizers but fluorescent black light tubes are sufficient for routine clinical use. Type I contact allergies are far more common than was previously believed, especially among people allergic to birch pollen. This type of reaction and other forms of contact urticaria can be examined using the scratch chamber or scarification chamber techniques as well as with an open test on diseased or scratched (scarified) skin. PMID:378015

Hannuksela, M

1979-02-01

229

AMA Test  

MedlinePLUS

... the Related Pages tab under Elsewhere on the Web). Other tests that may be ordered include: Smooth muscle antibodies ( ... Disorders , Liver Disease , Hepatitis , Cirrhosis Elsewhere On The ... collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board . This article is periodically ...

230

Hypothesis Testing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Kyle Siegrist of the University of Alabama-Huntsville, this is an online, interactive lesson on hypothesis testing. The author provides examples, exercises, and applets about the concept. These include tests in the normal model, Bernoulli Model and two-sample normal model as well as likelihood ratio and goodness of fit tests. Additionally, the author provides a set of external resources for students looking to further their study of this topic. This is simply one of seventeen different statistics lessons provided by the author. They are easily accessed as this site is formatted much like an online textbook.

Siegrist, Kyle

2009-02-19

231

Balloon Armament Test (Test Plan).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Under the sponsorship of the Armament Development and Test Center (ADTC) Eglin AFB, Florida, a series of tests were conducted by the Range Measurements Laboratory to aid in determining the feasibility of using a tethered balloon system as the lifting devi...

F. C. Minning

1974-01-01

232

Calcium Test  

MedlinePLUS

... and Anatomy; Associate Director, Clinical Laboratories; Section Chief, Chemistry, Toxicology and Near Patient Testing; Loyola University Medical ... D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Winter, w. and Harris, ...

233

Prolactin Test  

MedlinePLUS

... D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 354-355. Wu, ... In Hyperprolactinemia, Testing for Macroprolactin Is Essential, Clinical Chemistry . 2003;49:1434-1436. Available online at http:// ...

234

Bernstein test  

MedlinePLUS

Acid perfusion test ... your nose and into your esophagus. Mild hydrochloric acid will be sent down the tube, followed by ... when the tube is put into place. The acid may cause symptoms of heartburn. Your throat may ...

235

Glaucoma Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... are here: Home Your Medicare coverage Share Your Medicare Coverage Is my test, item, or service covered? ... and 65 or older. Your costs in Original Medicare You pay 20% of the Medicare-approved amount , ...

236

Allergy Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... directed by a healthcare professional with sufficient allergy/immunology training and prompted by your medical history. Types ... testing that the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) believes are not useful, effective or may ...

237

Pregnancy test  

MedlinePLUS

... urine. There are two types of blood tests: Qualitative, which measures whether the HCG hormone is present ... eds. Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods . 22nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap ...

238

Tested Demonstrations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included are three demonstrations that include the phase change of ice when under pressure, viscoelasticity and colloid systems, and flame tests for metal ions. The materials, procedures, probable results, and applications to real life situations are included. (KR)

Gilbert, George L.

1990-01-01

239

Durability Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document provides a method for planning and conducting durability tests and defines prerequisites and describes nonparametric and moderately distribution-free methods of developing desired confidence levels of durability. Includes supporting tables fo...

1972-01-01

240

Mono Test  

MedlinePLUS

... through http://emedicine.medscape.com . Accessed May 2009. Smith, D. S. (Updated 2008 September 3). Mononucleosis. MedlinePlus Medical ... medlineplus/ency/article/000591.htm . Accessed May 2009. Smith, D. S. (Updated 2008 September 3). Mononucleosis spot test. ...

241

Triglycerides Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Necessity of Fasting Before Cholesterol and Other Lipid Tests (2013), Unhealthy Lipid Levels in Young Adults (2010) Elsewhere On The Web American Heart Association: Triglycerides American Heart Association: What ...

242

Homocysteine Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Heart Attack , Heart Disease , Stroke Elsewhere On The Web Homocystinuria: Genetics Home Reference: Homocystinuria Medline Plus Encyclopedia: Homocystinuria March of Dimes: Recommended Newborn Screening Tests, 29 Disorders Cardiac risk: Familydoctor.org: Homocysteine American ...

243

Photopatch Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Photopatch testing is a procedure that combines patch testing with UV irradiation. It is indicated to primarily study photoallergic\\u000a contact dermatitis, but it can also contribute to establish a correct diagnosis of any exposed site dermatitis or systemic\\u000a photosensitivity. Photoallergens suffer temporal and regional variations. The most frequent are UV filters and topical drugs,\\u000a particularly non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), but

Margarida Gonçalo

244

Testing technology  

SciTech Connect

This bulletin from Sandia National Laboratories presents current research highlights in testing technology. Ion microscopy offers new nondestructive testing technique that detects high resolution invisible defects. An inexpensive thin-film gauge checks detonators on centrifuge. Laser trackers ride the range and track helicopters at low-level flights that could not be detected by radar. Radiation transport software predicts electron/photon effects via cascade simulation. Acoustic research in noise abatement will lead to quieter travelling for Bay Area Rapid Transport (BART) commuters.

Not Available

1993-10-01

245

Solubility Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners apply a dissolving test to known crystals to identify the unknown. Since the unknown is chemically the same as one of the known crystals, it should dissolve similarly. By dissolving each of the crystals in the same amount of water and comparing the amount of crystal left behind, learners will gain some information about the possible identity of the unknown.

Kessler, James H.; Galvan, Patricia M.

2007-01-01

246

Testing Factorization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We briefly review the status of factorization in b-decays. We discuss several experimental tests of its nature and stress their importance. We show that decays into mesons which have small decay constants or spin greater than one ('designer mesons') offer...

G. Hiller

2001-01-01

247

Genetic Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... What you need to know Noninvasive prenatal testing Prenatal genetic screening: Is it right for you? Prevention strategies, screening ... Grody WW, et al. ACMG position statement on prenatal/preconception expanded ... Medical Genetics and Genomics. Genetics in Medicine. In press. Accessed ...

248

Test Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here are some activities to help study for a test covering systems of equations. Battleship Author: Alice Keeler Easy, Medium, Hard Battleship Rags to Riches (Who wants to be a Millionaire) Author: unknown Challenging requires students to solve some problems backwards) Rags to Riches Jepordary Author: Alice Keeler One and two player versions-includes systems of inequalities. Jepordary ...

Cook, Miss

2008-07-22

249

Microgrid Testing  

SciTech Connect

With the publication of IEEE 1574.4 Guide for Design, Operation, and Integration of Distributed Resource Island Systems with Electric Power Systems, there is an increasing amount of attention on not only the design and operations of microgrids, but also on the proper operation and testing of these systems. This standard provides alternative approaches and good practices for the design, operation, and integration of microgrids. This includes the ability to separate from and reconnect to part of the utility grid while providing power to the islanded power system. This presentation addresses the industry need to develop standardized testing and evaluation procedures for microgrids in order to assure quality operation in the grid connected and islanded modes of operation.

Shirazi, M.; Kroposki, B.

2012-01-01

250

Bronchoprovocation Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Airway smooth muscles of asthmatics tend to be hyperresponsive when provoked. The exaggerated bronchial constriction can be\\u000a measured by the airflow limitation seen following bronchial provocation. Measuring bronchial hyperresponsiveness by broncho\\u000a provocation testing is helpful in diagnosing and optimizing therapy. While numerous agents have been used to provoke a measurable\\u000a airflow limitation, standardized protocols are available for only a few.

Chakravarthy Reddy

2009-01-01

251

Django Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In order to facilitate the production of higher-quality code (and maintain the sanity of developers), Django comes equipped\\u000a with an automated testing suite. Writing perfect code is next to impossible. It can be done, but there’s a very good reason\\u000a that computer keyboards have a “Backspace” key on them: people make mistakes. While a few developers probably like to think

Jim McGaw

252

Fabric Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this classroom activity, students work in groups to test a variety of fabrics to determine each one's effectiveness as an insulator. The printable five-page handout includes a series of inquiry-based questions to get students thinking about the conditions in Antarctica and the properties of specialty fabrics, illustrated activity directions and a worksheet that includes areas for recording their experiment data, and questions that prompt students to compare their results against their original hypotheses.

253

A New New Federalism: The Case for National Standards and Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|According to these authors, the federal government has pushed far too deeply into the routines and operations of the nation's public schools, now regulating everything from teacher credentials to the selection of reading programs. Ironically, the one way to extricate Washington from the minutiae of K-12 education is to give it more power in one…

Petrilli, Michael J.; Finn, Chester E., Jr.

2006-01-01

254

Test tree  

SciTech Connect

A subsurface test tree so compact in its vertical dimension that the entire tree can be positioned below the blind rams in a blowout preventer stack. When the stinger is removed the remaining valve section of the tree will be below the blind rams in any conventional blowout preventer stack. The valve operators are split, one carried by the stinger and one carried in the valve housing with the arrangement of operator and valve in the housing providing an extremely small vertical dimension. A dome charge is effective on a piston to drive a ball valve to closed position to cut a line extending through the ball valve and to provide sequential operation between the ball valve on bottom and the valve thereabove which may be a flapper valve so that the lower valve closes and the line is cut before the upper valve closes. In one form the invention includes a subsurface safety valve below the test tree operated by one of control or balance pressure fluid.

Schwendemann, K. L.

1985-01-22

255

Testing the testing effect in the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory studies show that taking a test on studied material promotes subsequent learning and retention of that material on a final test (termed the testing effect). Educational research has virtually ignored testing as a technique to improve classroom learning. We investigated the testing effect in a college course. Students took weekly quizzes followed by multiple choice criterial tests (unit tests

Mark A. McDaniel; Janis L. Anderson; Mary H. Derbish; Nova Morrisette

2007-01-01

256

Test plan for Shallow Borehole Plugging Tests  

SciTech Connect

This test plan describes the Shallow Borehole Plugging Tests to be conducted at Gable Mountain. Part I of the test plan provides the objective, scope, and justification of the tests and a brief summary of proposed advanced tests. Part II provides a description of the tests, equipment, materials, test installation procedures, operational procedures and data analysis approach. 6 refs., 45 figs., 4 tabs.

Cashman, J.M.

1981-02-04

257

Principles of Technology Student Achievement in Advanced Physics Measured by a Normed Physics Test.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Principles of Technology (PT) curriculum, now in approximately 1,200 schools, has produced a profound change in the delivery of applied physics. If high school PT programs and traditional physics courses deliver comparable student outcomes, as some research suggests, the PT curriculum may find wider acceptance in vocational programs and postsecondary schools may have rationale for accepting PT as physics. This study measured PT student performance on an advanced physics test, after they have had one year (7 units) of PT. The 1988R version of the National Association of Physics Teachers and National Science Teachers Association physics test, with more than 7500 copies sold, was selected as the research instrument. This test covers advanced aspects of traditional high school physics. A secondary enquiry included an attempt to link PT teacher preparation and credentialing and/or PT site demographics to variation in PT student scores on the 1988R test. The 10 PT sites in this study were self-selected from the 29 PT field study schools, the most mature PT sites. The researcher determined, that the 1988R physics test lacked content validity for the PT students tested. The PT students tested had a composite mean score of 17.67 questions correct out of 80, (below the second percentile), not statistically different than a chance score. No differences were found between site mean scores. Interpretation of the results regarding the effect of teachers, or demographics was not justified. The value of PT to the vocational-technical programs that it was designed for was not measured, nor was the awarding of general science credit for PT completion. One year of the PT curriculum, at the sampled schools, has not prepared students in the advanced scientific aspects of traditional physics found on the 1988R examination. The primary implication is that educators should not expect year one PT to prepare students for classes or curricula that include traditional physics as a prerequisite. Interpretation of the data from this study does not indicate any inadequacy in Principles of Technology, nor are curricular changes indicated.

Nicholson, James Alan

1991-02-01

258

Recrystallization Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The following recrystallization tests provide clues that can help confirm the identity of the unknown. In this activity, students will allow each sample of crystal solution to recrystallize. The crystals that form appear different enough that students will be able to positively identify the unknown. Two different methods for recrystallization are provided in this activity. There is a downloadable activity sheet that will be very helpful to educators, and will help students stay on track. An assessment sheet is also available on the activity page to keep track of students progress. There is also a step by step guide as to how to perform the experiment, and how to introduce it t the students.

Kessler, James; Galvan, Patti

2010-01-01

259

Collaborative Testing  

PubMed Central

Purpose: With increased focus on student preparation for high-stakes licensure exams, there is more interest in alternate forms of content delivery and assessment. This interest has focused on factors within the learning environment that may impact student's course performance and program progress. In this project, the impact of the method of group determination (random assignment vs. student selection) on student performance in a neuroanatomy course within a collaborative testing environment is examined. Methods: The course performance of two cohorts (cohort one: randomized grouping = 80; cohort two: student-selected grouping = 82) were compared. All students completed weekly quizzes within collaborative groups, while completing unit exams individually. The mean sum of both the quiz scores and examination scores were compared. Results: While the two groups differed (Wilks' lambda = 0.211; F = 53.541; df = 10,143; p < .05), no pattern was evident among the assessments (ie, one group did not differ significantly on all quizzes or examinations). In overall quiz performance, the randomized groupings scored significantly higher than the student-selected groups (F = 112.252; df = 1152; p < .05) while no difference was noted relative to overall exam scores (F = 2.672; df = 1152; p > .05). Conclusions: While the collaborative testing paradigm has been shown to be a valuable learning tool, no differences are apparent in the course performance between students in randomly assigned groups compared to those in student-selected groups. The very nature of random groups may have encouraged students to be proficient in all of the material, whereas students who were allowed to choose their groups may have divided the material among themselves and not become individually proficient in all concepts.

Nafziger, Rita; Meseke, Jamie K.; Meseke, Christopher A.

2011-01-01

260

APU diaphragm testing. Test plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) fuel (hydrazine) tanks have had to be removed from the Columbia Shuttle (OV-102) because they have been in service for 11 years, which is the limit of their useful life. As part of an effort to determine whether the useful life of the fuel tanks can be extended, examination of the ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) diaphragm and the metal from one of the APU tanks is required. The JSC Propulsion and Power Division has requested White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) to examine the EPR diaphragm thoroughly and the metal casing generally from one tank. The objective is to examine the EPR diaphragm for signs of degradation that may limit the life of its function in the APU propellant tank. The metal casing will also be examined for signs of surface corrosion.

Shelley, Richard

1992-01-01

261

Computer-Based Testing: Test Site Security.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-based testing places great burdens on all involved parties to ensure test security. A task analysis of test site security might identify the areas of protecting the test, protecting the data, and protecting the environment as essential issues in test security. Protecting the test involves transmission of the examinations, identifying the…

Rosen, Gerald A.

262

Communication in Testing: Improvements for Testing Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Testing in companies with highly competitive environments has many opportunities and challenges. Testing is diversified, both contextually and geographically: there are many testing goals, many ongoing parallel projects, many testing phases and all this needs to be managed so that the full view of testing is visible for management and reporting. Testing is also linked to project communication and psychology:

Tuula Paakkonen; Jorma Sajaniemi

263

Mononucleosis spot test  

MedlinePLUS

Monospot test; Heterophile antibody test; Heterophile agglutination test; Paul-Bunnell test; Forssman antibody test ... The mononucleosis spot test is done when symptoms of mononucleosis are ... Fatigue Fever Large spleen (possibly) Sore throat Tender ...

264

Allergy testing - skin  

MedlinePLUS

Patch tests - allergy; Scratch tests - allergy; Skin tests - allergy; RAST test ... There are three common methods of allergy skin testing. The skin prick test involves: Placing a small amount of substances that may be causing your symptoms on the skin, ...

265

Test reliability and effective test length  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measures of effective test length are developed for speeded and power tests, which are independent of the number of items in the test or of the time required for administration. These measures are used in determining reliability for (1) speeded and power tests, where a separately timed short parallel form is administered in addition to the full-length test; (2) power

William H. Angoff

1953-01-01

266

Insights into regression testing [software testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A problem facing those conducting maintenance testing is to identify proper test classes. The notion of regression testability is introduced as a way to measure the ease of retesting. Both the program design and the test plan design may affect the regression testability of a program. The testing set, testing number, regression number and stable and workable metrics are developed

Hareton K. N. Leung; Lee White

1989-01-01

267

Test plan: Small scale seal performance tests. Test Series B  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this appendix to ``Test Plan: Small Scale Seal Performance Tests (SSSPT)`` is to provide details regarding the installation and testing of Test Series B. The original test plan provides the technical motivation and test design in general terms for Test Series A through E and the details of the installation and testing of Test Series A. As specified in the test plans operations plans for the remaining test series are to be prepared when the details become available. This is now the case for Test Series B. It is emphasized that the original test plan remains valid and is the general reference for the conduct of all of the test series of the SSSPT. Test Series B will evaluate the performance of horizontally emplaced concrete seals and as such will be a small scale evaluation of the concrete component of the planned panel seal. The objectives of Test Series B are: (1) To develop and evaluate a technique for the horizontal emplacement of a concrete seal; (2) To obtain data on the fluid flow performance of horizontally emplace concrete seal systems; (3) To obtain data on the structural performance of horizontally emplaced concrete seal systems; and (4) To provide data for the development and validation of predictive numerical codes and models.

Stormont, J.C.

1985-11-18

268

An NCME Instructional Module on Developing and Administering Practice Analysis Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of a credentialing examination is to assure the public that individuals who work in an occupation or profession have met certain standards. To be consistent with this purpose, credentialing examinations must be job related, and this requirement is typically met by developing test plans based on an empirical job or practice analysis.…

Raymond, Mark R.

2005-01-01

269

hCG Test (Pregnancy Test)  

MedlinePLUS

... sample drawn from a vein in the arm Test Preparation Needed? None needed; however, do not drink ... urine may result in a false negative . The Test Sample What is being tested? Human chorionic gonadotropin ( ...

270

Heliport Visual Approach Surface Testing Test Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Technical Note identifies procedures to be used during tests to be conducted at the Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center. These tests are designed to test the applicability of existing heliport approach and departure surface criteria. Thr...

R. M. Weiss J. R. Sackett

1987-01-01

271

Directory of Medical Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... variety of illnesses or signs of infection. Blood chemistry test. Basic blood chemistry tests measure the levels of certain electrolytes, such ... For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Basic Blood Chemistry Tests Blood Test: Complete Blood Count Urine Tests ...

272

Environmental Testing (Materials). .  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

List 148 references on environmental testing of materials, including tropical environment. Covers research on capabilities for testing, atmospheric exposure tests, field tests on concrete, long-term storage tests, chemical environments on ceramics, testin...

1965-01-01

273

Genetic Testing and PXE  

MedlinePLUS

... genetic test for PXE? Why choose genetic testing? Limitations of genetic testing Risks of genetic testing Reasons ... a sense of relief. RETURN TO TOP 3. Limitations of genetic testing Undiscovered mutations : All of the ...

274

Quizzes, Tests, and Exams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website features information on strategies for testing, including choosing appropriate testing methodologies and developing a test that assesses students as accurately and fairly as possible. Topics include different types of tests, construction of effective exams and alternative testing methods.

Davis, Barbara G.; Honolulu, University O.

275

Tests, Testing, and Genuine School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The pressing need to improve achievement in American schools is widely recognized. In "Tests, Testing, and Genuine School Reform," Herbert J. Walberg draws on scientific studies of tests and their uses to inform citizens, educators, and policy makers about well-established principles of testing, current problems, and promising evidence-based…

Walberg, Herbert J., Ed.

2011-01-01

276

Prioritizing Test Cases For Regression Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Test case prioritization techniques schedule test cases for execution in an order that attempts to increase their eectiveness at meeting some performance goal. Various goals are possible; one involves rate of fault detection | a measure of how quickly faults are detected within the testing process. An improved rate of fault detection during testing can provide faster feedback on the

Gregg Rothermel; Roland H. Untch; Chengyun Chu; Mary Jean Harrold

2001-01-01

277

Model test plan for HV pulse testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This pulse test plan will contain the configuration, operation and maintenance test requirements, equipment requirements, and procedures for high-voltage pulse testing of aerospace high power experimental and operational parts and equipment. The plan details peak voltage and test pulse rise time and fall time as they are applied to evaluate electrical insulation within electrical and electronic system components.

Dunbar, W. G.; Schweickart, D. L.

278

Test plan: Small scale seal performance tests  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this appendix to Test Plan: Small Scale Seal Performance Tests (SSSPT)'' is to provide details regarding the installation and testing of Test Series B. The original test plan provides the technical motivation and test design in general terms for Test Series A through E and the details of the installation and testing of Test Series A. As specified in the test plans operations plans for the remaining test series are to be prepared when the details become available. This is now the case for Test Series B. It is emphasized that the original test plan remains valid and is the general reference for the conduct of all of the test series of the SSSPT. Test Series B will evaluate the performance of horizontally emplaced concrete seals and as such will be a small scale evaluation of the concrete component of the planned panel seal. The objectives of Test Series B are: (1) To develop and evaluate a technique for the horizontal emplacement of a concrete seal; (2) To obtain data on the fluid flow performance of horizontally emplace concrete seal systems; (3) To obtain data on the structural performance of horizontally emplaced concrete seal systems; and (4) To provide data for the development and validation of predictive numerical codes and models.

Stormont, J.C.

1985-11-18

279

Heat pipe testing program test plan  

SciTech Connect

A test plan is given which describes the tests to be conducted on several typical solar receiver heat pipes. The hardware to be used, test fixtures and rationale of the test program are discussed. The program objective is to perform life testing under simulated receiver conditions, and to conduct performance tests with selected heat pipes to further map their performance, particularly with regard to their transient behavior. Performance requirements are defined. Test fixtures designed for the program are described in detail, and their capabilities for simulating the receiver conditions and their limitations are discussed. The heat pipe design is given. (LEW)

Bienert, W.B.

1980-03-14

280

Test Series 2. 2: Detailed Test Plan  

SciTech Connect

Test Series 2.2 comprises the third sub-series of tests to be scheduled as a part of Test Series 2, the second stage of the combustion research program to be carried out at the Grimethorpe Experimental Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion Facility. Test Series 2.1, the first sub-series of tests, was completed in February 1983, and the first half of the second sub-series, Test Series 2.3, in October 1983. Test Series 2.2 is to consist of 350 data gathering hours, which it is hoped to complete within 560 coal burning hours. This document provides a brief description of the Facility and modifications which have been made following the completion of Test Series 2.1. No further modifications were made following the completion of the first half of Test Series 2.3. The operating requirements are specified. The tests will be performed using a UK coal (Kiveton Park), and a UK limestone (Middleton) both nominated by the FRG. Nine objectives are proposed which are to be fulfilled by thirteen test conditions. Six part load tests are included, as defined by Kraftwerk Union AG. The cascade is expected to be on line for each test condition and total cascade exposure is expected to be in excess of 450 hours. Details of sampling and special measurements are given. A test plan schedule envisages the test series being completed within a two month calendar period. Finally, a number of contingency strategies are proposed.

Not Available

1983-11-01

281

Test Series 2. 4: detailed test plan  

SciTech Connect

Test Series 2.4 comprises the fourth sub-series of tests to be scheduled as a part of Test Series 2, the second stage of the combustion research program to be carried out at the Grimethorpe Experimental Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion Facility. Test Series 2.1, the first sub-series of tests, was completed in February 1983, and the first part of the second sub-series, Test Series 2.3, in October 1983. Test Series 2.2 was completed in February 1984 after which the second part of Test Series 2.3 commenced. The Plan for Test Series 2.4 consists of 350 data gathering hours to be completed within 520 coal burning hours. This document provides a brief description of the Facility and modifications which have been made following the completion of Test Series 2.1. No further modifications were made following the completion of the first part of Test Series 2.3 or Test Series 2.2. The operating requirements for Test Series 2.4 are specified. The tests will be performed using a UK coal (Lady Windsor), and a UK limestone (Middleton) both nominated by the FRG. Seven objectives are proposed which are to be fulfilled by thirteen test conditions. Six part load tests based on input supplied by Kraftwerk Union AG are included. The cascade is expected to be on line for each test condition and total cascade exposure is expected to be in excess of 450 hours. Details of sampling and special measurements are given. A test plan schedule envisages the full test series being completed within a two month calendar period. Finally, a number of contingency strategies are proposed. 3 figures, 14 tables.

Not Available

1984-09-01

282

Test Series 2. 1 detailed test plan  

SciTech Connect

Test Series 2.1 is the first of the sub-series of Test Series 2, the second stage of the combustion research programme to be carried out at the Grimethorpe Experimental Pressurised Fluidised Bed Combustion Facility. Test Series 1 formed the first stage and was completed in December 1981. Test Series 2.1 is to consist of 350 data gathering hours to be obtained from 700 coal burning hours. The report provides a brief description of the Facility and modifications carried out since Test Series 1 and sets out the test plan and objectives for Test Series 2.1. Also discussed are the part-load conditions and frequency response tests that are to be included within Test Series 2.1.

Not Available

1983-03-10

283

Creatine phosphokinase test  

MedlinePLUS

CPK test; Creatine kinase; CK test ... vein. The procedure is called a venipuncture . This test may be repeated over 2 or 3 days ... doctors determine which tissue has been damaged. This test may be used to: Diagnose heart attack Evaluate ...

284

LH blood test  

MedlinePLUS

ICSH - blood test; Luteinizing hormone - blood test; Interstitial cell stimulating hormone - blood test ... you to avoid drugs that may affect the test. Drugs that can decrease LH measurements include birth ...

285

Testing for Kidney Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... and Kidney Disease Additional Kidney Information Testing for Kidney Disease Early kidney disease usually does not have signs ( ... how often you should be tested. Testing for Kidney Disease Overview Understanding GFR Understanding Urine Albumin Videos Testing ...

286

Nuclear Test Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interview with Dr. Robert W. Kuckuck, Deputy Associate Director for Nuclear Testing, is presented which surveys the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's efforts in nuclear testing, the need for testing, and the role of testing in the overall weapon design process. The complex activities coordinated in the fielding of a nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site are described. Advances

L. j. Ferderber; P. Adye; J. M. Bruner; W. Clements; L. de Vore; D. P. Hendry; R. D. Kirvel; E. M. ONeal; S. O. Taft

1986-01-01

287

Constructing objective tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

True-false or multiple-choice tests can be useful instruments for evaluating student progress. We examine strategies for planning objective tests which serve to test the material covered in science (physics) courses. We also examine strategies for writing questions for tests within a test blueprint. The statistical basis for judging the quality of test items are discussed. Reliability, difficulty, and discrimination indices

Gordon J. Aubrecht; Judith D. Aubrecht

1983-01-01

288

Diffusion Weld Test Fixture.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A weld joint test fixture for testing the strength of a weld joining several members forming a test specimen is provided. The fixture includes a base which supports the test specimen and an attachment for applying a testing force to the test specimen whil...

W. Maciejewski R. Tyron G. Kavarnos E. McLaughlin K. Janecek

1994-01-01

289

Constructing maintenance proficiency tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

A methodology for constructing maintenance proficiency tests is described. Test construction, in the context of developing a maintenance proficiency testing program for nuclear power plants, is discussed. Evaluations of utility needs and industry requirements are requisite precursors to test development. Task analyses form foundational work that is utilized during the test construction process. The advantages and disadvantages of two test

S. C. Fischer; A. Spiker; J. Geiwitz

1992-01-01

290

Test Series 2. 3 detailed test plan  

SciTech Connect

Test Series 2.3 is chronologically the second of the five sub-series of tests which comprise Test Series 2, the second major Test Series as part of the combustion research phase to be carried out at the Grimethorpe Experimental Pressurised Fluidised Bed Combustion Facility. Test Series 2.3 will consist of 700 data gathering hours which is expected to require some 1035 coal burning hours. The tests will be performed using US supplied coal and dolomite. This will be the first major series of tests on the Facility with other than the UK datum coal and dolomite. The document summarises the background to the facility and the experimental program. Described are modifications which have been made to the facility following Test Series 2.1 and a series of Screening Tests. Detailed test objectives are specified as are the test conditions for the experiments which comprise the test series. The test results will provide information on the effects of the bed temperature, excess air level, Ca/S ratio, number of coal feed lines, and combustion efficiency and sulphur retention. A significant aspect of the test series will be part load tests which will investigate the performance of the facility under conditions of turn down which simulate load following concepts specified for two combined cycle concepts, i.e., their CFCC combined cycle and a turbo charged combined cycle. The material test plan is also presented. The principal feature of the materials programme is the planned exposure of a set of static turbine blade specimens in a cascade test loop to the high temperature, high pressure flue gas. A schedule for the programme is presented as are contingency plans.

Not Available

1983-12-01

291

Test Ruimtelijk Orientatievermogen (Test Spatial Orientation Ability).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the test Spatial Orientation Ability (in Dutch 'Ruimtelijk Orientatievermogen' ROV). The test aims at predicting how good people are in keeping oriented despite changes in the environment and changes in their observation position. The...

L. C. Boer

1996-01-01

292

Screener Readiness Test-Validation Pilot Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Screener Readiness Test is a computer-based assessment instrument being developed to test new checkpoint screener candidates after they have been given their initial training. The instrument's computer interface was evaluated as part of the validation...

E. C. Neiderman J. L. Fobes

1999-01-01

293

From Test Takers to Test Makers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a classroom teacher, Kari Smith realized that traditional objective tests don't always assess what students actually know. But tests are so deeply embedded in the education system that it would be difficult to do away with them entirely. Smith decided to make tests into learning tools. In this article, Smith describes three strategies for…

Smith, Kari

2009-01-01

294

Prioritizing test cases for regression testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Test case prioritization techniques schedule test cases in anorder that increases their effectiveness in meeting some performancegoal. One performance goal, rate of fault detection,is a measure of how quickly faults are detected within thetesting process; an improved rate of fault detection can providefaster feedback on the system under test, and let softwareengineers begin locating and correcting faults earlierthan might otherwise

Sebastian G. Elbaum; Alexey G. Malishevsky; Gregg Rothermel

2000-01-01

295

Could shock tests adequately replace drop tests?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drop tests are often replaced in qualification evaluations of microelectronic and optoelectronic products by shock tests. The objective of the study is to develop simple analytical models for the evaluation of the dynamic response of a vulnerable structural element in a microelectronic or optoelectronic product\\/package to an impact load occurring as a result of drop or shock tests. We use

E. Suhir

2002-01-01

296

The Stimulus test stand  

SciTech Connect

The Stimulus Test Stand was originally constructed and assembled for testing the SVX2 ASIC readout and then upgraded for SVX3 ASIC prototyping and testing. We have modified this system for SVX4 ASIC [1] prototype testing. We described the individual components below. Additional details for other hardware for SVX4 testing can be found in reference [2]. We provide a description of the Stimulus Test Stand used for prototype testing of the SVX4 chip.

Christofek, L.; Rapidis, P.; Reinhard, A.; /Fermilab

2005-06-01

297

On object state testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of object state testing is illustrated through a simple example. We show that certain errors in the implementation of object state behavior cannot be readily detected by conventional structural testing, functional testing, and state testing. We describe an object state test model and outline a reverse engineering method for extracting object state behaviors from C++ source code. The

D. c. Kung; N. Suchak; J. Gao; P. Hsia; Y. Toyoshima; C. Chen

1994-01-01

298

Bias in Mental Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first eight chapters of this book introduce the topic of test bias. The basic issues involved in criticisms of mental tests and arguments about test bias include: (1) variety of tests and test items; (2) scaling of scores and the form of the distribution of abilities in the population; (3) quantification of subpopulation differences; (4)…

Jensen, Arthur R.

299

CO2 blood test  

MedlinePLUS

Bicarbonate test; HCO3-; Carbon dioxide test; TCO2; Total CO2; CO2 test - serum ... Many medicines can interfere with blood test results. Your health care provider will tell you if you need to stop taking any medicines before you have this test. Do ...

300

Testing for Design Faults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing theories of testing focus on verification. Their strategy is to cover a specification or a program text to a certain degree in order to raise the confidence in the correctness of a system under test. We take a dierent approach in the sense that we present a theory of fault-based testing. Fault-based testing uses test data designed to demonstrate

Bernhard K. Aichernig; Jifeng He

2005-01-01

301

Vendor System Vulnerability Testing Test Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) prepared this generic test plan to provide clients (vendors, end users, program sponsors, etc.) with a sense of the scope and depth of vulnerability testing performed at the INL’s Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Test Bed and to serve as an example of such a plan. Although this test plan specifically addresses vulnerability testing of systems applied to the energy sector (electric/power transmission and distribution and oil and gas systems), it is generic enough to be applied to control systems used in other critical infrastructures such as the transportation sector, water/waste water sector, or hazardous chemical production facilities. The SCADA Test Bed is established at the INL as a testing environment to evaluate the security vulnerabilities of SCADA systems, energy management systems (EMS), and distributed control systems. It now supports multiple programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, other government agencies, and private sector clients. This particular test plan applies to testing conducted on a SCADA/EMS provided by a vendor. Before performing detailed vulnerability testing of a SCADA/EMS, an as delivered baseline examination of the system is conducted, to establish a starting point for all-subsequent testing. The series of baseline tests document factory delivered defaults, system configuration, and potential configuration changes to aid in the development of a security plan for in depth vulnerability testing. The baseline test document is provided to the System Provider,a who evaluates the baseline report and provides recommendations to the system configuration to enhance the security profile of the baseline system. Vulnerability testing is then conducted at the SCADA Test Bed, which provides an in-depth security analysis of the Vendor’s system.b a. The term System Provider replaces the name of the company/organization providing the system being evaluated. This can be the system manufacturer, a system user, or a third party organization such as a government agency. b. The term Vendor (or Vendor’s) System replaces the name of the specific SCADA/EMS being tested.

James R. Davidson

2005-01-01

302

Does It Work? Test and Test Again  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Testing is critical to any design, whether it be in the creation of new software or building a bridge across a wide river. Despite risking the quality of the design, the testing stage is often hurried in order to get products to market. In this lesson, students focus on the testing phase of the software/systems design process. They start by exploring existing examples of program testing using the CodingBat website, which contains a series of problems and challenges that students solve using the Java programming language. Working in teams, students practice writing test cases for other groups' code, and then write test cases for a program before writing the program itself.

IMPART RET Program, College of Information Science & Technology, University of Nebraska,

303

Proceedings of the Annual Adult Education Research Conference (30th, Madison, Wisconsin, April 27-29, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Among the 59 papers are: "Comparisons in Performance of Adults and High School Seniors on the 1988 Tests of General Educational Development (GED)" (Baldwin, Whitney); "Research Writing" (Baskett, Garrison); "Popular Education in Latin America" (Beder); "Framework for the Study of Ethical Issues in Adult Education" (Brockett, Kasworm); "Cognition…

Coggins, Chere Campbell, Ed.

304

Learner-Centered Alternative Assessment of Student Progress. Final Narrative Report and Appendices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A women's program worked to develop procedures for assessing student progress that would help prevent the sense of failure that women reading at low grade levels often develop after failing to pass the General Educational Development (GED) Test quickly. An on-site assessment research group was formed. The group's curriculum developer created…

Voss, Cameron

305

Lafayette Parish Cooperative Jail Project--LPCJP. Phase III Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A three-phase project was conducted to further the education of inmates in the Lafayette (Louisiana) Parish Correctional Center. Phase I of the project was designed to prepare inmates to be eligible to take the General Educational Development (GED) test, and/or to teach life-coping skills so that they would better function in society upon their…

Lafayette Parish School Board, LA.

306

Basic Economic Systems: Level I, Unit 4, Lesson 1; Representative Democracy and Political Parties: Lesson 2; Reading to Draw Inferences: Lesson 3. Advanced General Education Program. A High School Self-Study Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An advanced General Education Program has been designed to prepare an individual with the information, concepts, and general knowledge required to successfully pass the American Council on Education's High School General Education Development (GED) Test. The Advanced General Education Program provides comprehensive self-instruction in each of the…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Job Corps.

307

An exploration of the perceptions, developmental reasoning levels, differences in learning processes, and academic achievement levels of students in introductory college microbiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the relationship between the grades students earned in introductory college microbiology and American College Testing scores, sex, race, age, GED or high school diploma, full-time or part-time student status, developmental reasoning levels, memory tactics, and expected achievement. The study also explored student perceptions at the beginning and the end of the microbiology courses for science preparation, expected

Barbara Ann Matherly Poole

1997-01-01

308

Sweat electrolytes test  

MedlinePLUS

Sweat test; Sweat chloride; Iontophoretic sweat test ... In the first part of the test, a colorless, odorless chemical that causes sweating is applied to a small area on an arm or leg. An electrode is then ...

309

Predictive Safety Testing Consortium  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... BUN and creatinine when tested with a ... by the Predictive Safety Testing Consortium (PSTC). ... urinary biomarkers using the test parameters submitted ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess

310

Bone mineral density test  

MedlinePLUS

BMD test; Bone density test; Bone densitometry; DEXA scan; DXA; Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry; p-DEXA ... need to undress. This scan is the best test to predict your risk of fractures. Peripheral DEXA ( ...

311

ALP isoenzyme test  

MedlinePLUS

Alkaline phosphatase isoenzyme test ... anything for 10 to 12 hours before the test, unless your doctor tells you to do so. ... you to stop taking certain drugs before the test. Never stop taking any medicine without first talking ...

312

Multiple Thermocouple Testing Device.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This invention relates generally to a thermocouple testing device, and, more particularly, to an automated multiple thermocouple testing device that checks for short and open circuits. This device can be used to test thermocouple circuits in gas turbine e...

J. R. Hildebrand

1982-01-01

313

Transparency Durability Test Criteria.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The focus of the Transparency Durability Test Criteria Program was to develop a durability test methodology for aircraft transparency systems which includes laboratory coupon durability testing and field service data acquisition. These areas were used to ...

T. J. Whitney D. R. Bowman

1996-01-01

314

Accelerated testing of batteries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three methods of evaluating accelerated battery test data are described. Criteria for each method are used to determine the minimum test matrix required for accurate predictions. Other test methods involving high current discharge and real time techniques...

S. C. Levy P. Bro

1992-01-01

315

Testing for Celiac Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... and Titles : Testing for Celiac Disease Testing for Celiac Disease On this page: Serologic Tests tTG EMA DGP ... M.D., Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. [ Top ] The Celiac Disease Awareness Campaign The National Institutes of Health Celiac ...

316

RTI Performance Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

RTI Performance Testing Perform application independent scalability tests with RTI 1.3v3 distribution using modified benchmark programs Define and perform application specific RTI performance tests for selected representative applications.

R. Richardson R. Wuerfel

1998-01-01

317

Follow-Up Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... close to zero as possible, indicating a minimal antibody response to gluten. The additional advantage of these tests ... www.CeliacDisease.net. Follow Up Test #1: tTG-IgA: This test result should be negative The numerical ...

318

Screening Tests and Vaccines  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Screening Tests and Vaccines Screening Tests and Vaccines This information in Spanish ( en español ) Getting important ... updates. Enter email address Submit Screening Tests and Vaccines news October 17, 2013 - U.S. Teens More Vulnerable ...

319

CEQATR Thermal Test Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A thermal test overview of the Constellation Environmental Qualification and Acceptance Test Requirement (CEQATR) is presented. The contents include: (1) CEQATR Thermal Test Overview; (2) CxP Environments; (3) CEQATR Table 1.2-1; (4) Levels of Assembly; (...

A. R. Balusek

2009-01-01

320

HIV Home Test Kit  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Your website includes statements such as "HIV Home Test Kit $19.95;" "Delivery ... "Tests 99.98% accuracy;"; "Rapid tests in 10-15 minutes;" and; "The ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/complianceactivities

321

Testing for HIV  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... healthcare professional or by using an over-the-counter HIV test. When should I be tested? ... in such behavior, then you should consider testing on a ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/hivhometestkits

322

Test procedure for prism compression testing  

SciTech Connect

This procedure describes the setup and procedure for testing hollow clay tile (HCT) masonry prisms. The prism test is the standard engineering test used to determine values for f`{sub m} (specified compressive strength at 28 days) which are then used to obtain Code design allowable values. The prism compression test described herein produces load vs. deflection data which can be used to determine various properties such as the compressive strength, Modulus of Elasticity, and Poisson`s ratio. The test prisms are obtained either by extraction from an existing wall or by fabrication using new materials. Prisms obtained from existing walls are fragile and tedious to extract and handle, but are very important because they provide data on the properties of existing walls. Laboratory-built prisms, used to supplement the in-situ prism test data, are easier to obtain, and allow for better control of the prism. Tests are to be made on prism specimens in two directions with respect to the cores: normal and parallel to the cores. Typically, in the Y-12 Plant buildings that have the HCT infill walls, the walls are constructed such that the cores in the HCT units run horizontally. Loading normal to the cores simulates vertical loading (gravity and vertical earthquake motions) on the walls, and loading parallel to the cores simulates the earthquake forces applied to a building wall in the horizontal direction. Prisms of single wythe 8-in. walls and the composite wythe 13-in. walls will be tested. A special Test Fixture (frame) has been designed and built to perform the in-house testing of prisms. Special handling fixtures have been designed to protect the prisms during removal from the wall site and transportation to the Test Fixture. The Test Fixture was designed for approximately a 400 kip allowable load limit.

Not Available

1992-05-26

323

Hypersonic flight testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The options available in the area of small-scale flight testing are examined, and the relationship between the results obtained by flight testing, ground testing, and simulation is discussed. Attention is given to instrumentation currently available for flight testing, and it is shown how flight tests can be used to validate or improve models. Some results are presented to indicate areas where ground testing and modeling alone are not sufficient for the accurate prediction of aerodynamics and aerothermodynamics in the hypersonic environment.

Williamson, W. E.

1992-07-01

324

Constructing objective tests  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Trueâfalse or multiple-choice tests can be useful instruments for evaluating student progress. We examine strategies for planning objective tests which serve to test the material covered in science (physics) courses. We also examine strategies for writing questions for tests within a test blueprint. The statistical basis for judging the quality of test items are discussed. Reliability, difficulty, and discrimination indices are defined and examples presented. Our recommendations are rather easily put into practice.

Aubrecht Ii., Gordon J.; Aubrecht, Judith

2005-10-11

325

Summary of Research Findings on the Military General Educational Development Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes and integrates the findings of research studies dealing with the military General Educational Development (GED) program. The major areas covered include: (1) the field conduct of the GED PROGRAM, (2) characteristics of GED program p...

E. A. Waller

1976-01-01

326

Test of integrity.  

PubMed

HIV drug resistance is a major concern, and Specialty Laboratories has developed a new high-tech test that may help physicians identify and manage resistance. Their genetic-testing service claims to detect HIV mutations in blood, but many say the test is ineffective and costly. The manufacturer hopes the test reports will allow doctors to avoid prescribing drugs that will not work, and claim that the test can be a good tool when used with physical exams and other tests. Critics claim that physicians will misinterpret test data. The company is currently selling 2,000 tests each month, at $400 each. PMID:11364639

Beaubien, G

327

Standard anaerobic exercise tests.  

PubMed

Anaerobic tests are divided into tests measuring anaerobic power and anaerobic capacity. Anaerobic power tests include force-velocity tests, vertical jump tests, staircase tests, and cycle ergometer tests. The values of maximal anaerobic power obtained with these different protocols are different but generally well correlated. Differences between tests include factors such as whether average power or instantaneous power is measured, active muscle mass is the same in all the protocols, the legs act simultaneously or successively, maximal power is measured at the very beginning of exercise or after several seconds, inertia of the devices and body segments are taken into account. Force-velocity tests have the advantage of enabling the estimation of the force and velocity components of power, which is not possible with tests such as a staircase test, a vertical jump, the Wingate test and other long-duration cycle ergometer protocols. Maximal anaerobic capacity tests are subdivided into maximal oxygen debt test, ergometric tests (all-out tests and constant load tests), measurement of oxygen deficit during a constant load test and measurement of peak blood lactate. The measurement of the maximal oxygen debt is not valid and reliable enough to be used as an anaerobic capacity test. The aerobic metabolism involvement during anaerobic capacity tests, and the ignorance of the mechanical efficiency, limit the validity of the ergometric tests which are only based on the measurement of work. The amount of work performed during the Wingate test depends probably on glycolytic and aerobic power as well as anaerobic capacity. The fatigue index (power decrease) of the all-out tests is not reliable and depends probably on aerobic power as well as the fast-twich fibre percentage. Reliability of the constant load tests has seldom been studied and has been found to be rather low. In theory, the measure of the oxygen deficit during a constant load test is more valid than the other tests but its reliability is unknown. The validity and reliability of postexercise blood lactate as a test of maximal anaerobic capacity are probably not better than that of the current erogmetric tests. The choice of an anaerobic test depends on the aims and subjects of a study and its practicability within a testing session. PMID:3306867

Vandewalle, H; Pérès, G; Monod, H

328

Test the Nation: The National IQ Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Who is the weakest link? Or, rather, just how many are there? And where do they come from? Test the Nation, Britain's largest mass IQ test set about to answer those questions and more on May 11th of this year. Administered online to some 90,000 residents of the UK (and still available for those who missed out), the test put visitors through the usual rigors of intelligence testing. The Test the Nation Web site discloses how the nation did as a whole, with further breakdowns by region, age, and other variables. Curious, the map of Britain's intelligence, as determined by the test, clearly demonstrates that the South far outdid the North where brute IQ is concerned. Whether one accepts such results or not, the site provides much food for thought, discussion and, almost certainly, an argument or two. Presented by the BBC, the site doesn't stop with simple presentations on the national IQ test, but also offers other interesting studies and reports, with subjects probing various areas of intelligence testing and all that has been made of it. A short list of some of the titles presented include: What sex is your brain?, Birth weight and intelligence, and The Language of the brain. To round off it offerings, the site also links to MENSA.

2002-01-01

329

Test plan for Simulated Saltcake Retrieval Test  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the plan for a bench-scale laboratory test to evaluate physical and chemical parameters associated with dissolution of a simulated saltcake waste. Parameters to be measured during the test include water addition rate, liquid drainage rate, visual observations of flow patterns, physical appearance and volume of dissolving saltcake, chemical composition of drained liquid, and polarized light microscopy analysis of solids.

HERTING, D.L.

2000-07-19

330

Flight Testing and Test Instrumentation of PHOENIX  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the frame of the German national ASTRA program, the need for in-flight experimentation as a key element in the development of the next generation launcher was addressed by the Phoenix project. The Phoenix 1 flight test vehicle was designed to demonstrate the un-powered horizontal landing of a representative, winged RLV configuration. The Phoenix 1 flight test vehicle is downscaled

R. Janovsky; R. Behr

2005-01-01

331

PACS component testing: beta and acceptance testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The functionality and performance expectations of all PACS components must be specified at the time of purchase and tested completely upon delivery to assure customer satisfaction and successful adoption of the new technology. This process may be more elaborate if the customer agrees to serve as a Beta test site for a new component or a new revision of an existing component.A carefully designed test plan will save time at installation, will allow the customer and vendor to agree on expectations, and will assure that the installation will proceed as planned. This paper describes the test procedure used at the University of Florida to accept each PACS component, either a commercial product, or one developed in house. A set of documents contain descriptions of the pre-installation environment, sets of studies to be used in the test, installation checklist, functional usage reports, subjective evaluations, and problem reporting forms. Training and user documentation is also reviewed and 'help lists' are created to help users perform the most common functions. Although details in the documents are changed to match the type of component being tested, the general form of the test remains the same. A formal procedure for testing the functionality and performance of new equipment can save time for both the vendor and the customer and, if specified at the time of purchase, can serve to document the expectations of the customer. Following these procedures will assure a successful installation and improve customer satisfaction.

Honeyman, Janice C.; Frost, Meryll M.; Staab, Edward V.

1997-05-01

332

Test section design specification: sparging tests. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

The objective is to provide a test facility for in-sodium simulations of conditions following a major loss-of-coolant accident. These tests are intended to provide information on the carry-over of fuel material from a boiling sodium pool.

Not Available

1981-01-01

333

Test report for core drilling ignitability testing  

SciTech Connect

Testing was carried out with the cooperation of Westinghouse Hanford Company and the United States Bureau of Mines at the Pittsburgh Research Center in Pennsylvania under the Memorandum of Agreement 14- 09-0050-3666. Several core drilling equipment items, specifically those which can come in contact with flammable gasses while drilling into some waste tanks, were tested under conditions similar to actual field sampling conditions. Rotary drilling against steel and rock as well as drop testing of several different pieces of equipment in a flammable gas environment were the specific items addressed. The test items completed either caused no ignition of the gas mixture, or, after having hardware changes or drilling parameters modified, produced no ignition in repeat testing.

Witwer, K.S.

1996-08-08

334

Role of test motivation in intelligence testing  

PubMed Central

Intelligence tests are widely assumed to measure maximal intellectual performance, and predictive associations between intelligence quotient (IQ) scores and later-life outcomes are typically interpreted as unbiased estimates of the effect of intellectual ability on academic, professional, and social life outcomes. The current investigation critically examines these assumptions and finds evidence against both. First, we examined whether motivation is less than maximal on intelligence tests administered in the context of low-stakes research situations. Specifically, we completed a meta-analysis of random-assignment experiments testing the effects of material incentives on intelligence-test performance on a collective 2,008 participants. Incentives increased IQ scores by an average of 0.64 SD, with larger effects for individuals with lower baseline IQ scores. Second, we tested whether individual differences in motivation during IQ testing can spuriously inflate the predictive validity of intelligence for life outcomes. Trained observers rated test motivation among 251 adolescent boys completing intelligence tests using a 15-min “thin-slice” video sample. IQ score predicted life outcomes, including academic performance in adolescence and criminal convictions, employment, and years of education in early adulthood. After adjusting for the influence of test motivation, however, the predictive validity of intelligence for life outcomes was significantly diminished, particularly for nonacademic outcomes. Collectively, our findings suggest that, under low-stakes research conditions, some individuals try harder than others, and, in this context, test motivation can act as a third-variable confound that inflates estimates of the predictive validity of intelligence for life outcomes.

Duckworth, Angela Lee; Quinn, Patrick D.; Lynam, Donald R.; Loeber, Rolf; Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda

2011-01-01

335

High Stakes: Testing Irregularity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, a stronger emphasis has been placed on state testing and accountability at the state and local levels. The news media continues to report testing irregularities as professional and community pressures are levied on educators to increase test scores. Test scores have been tied to community affluence, real…

Carson-Meyers, Tricia; Bryant, Edye Morris; Thomas, Fredrick; Brinson, Kenneth H., Jr.

2005-01-01

336

Coagulase Test Protocol  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This protocol describes the history and procedures of the coagulase test.  The coagulase test isused to differentiate species of Staphylococcus, especially the coagulase-positive Staphylococcus aureus from coagulase-negative staphylococcal species.  Both common versions of the test, the slide method and the test tube method, are described, and the mechanisms of the reactions are discussed.

American Society For Microbiology;

2010-11-11

337

Study Skills. Test Taking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed as part of the ABCs of Construction National Workplace Literacy Project, this instructional module contains materials designed to help students develop study and test-taking skills. Presented first are 10 strategies for preparing for tests. Discussed next are test-taking strategies and the importance of self-talk in successful test

Atkinson, Rhonda; And Others

338

Testing Micropipelined Asynchronous Circuits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite advances in the design of asynchronous circuits, little progress has been made in their testing or design for testability. This paper proposes a new strategy for testing micropipelines, by treating the asynchronous elements, such as the C-element as atomic state elemen s for testing purposes. By treating asynchronous elements as finite state machines, tests fo these can be generated

Matthew L. King; Kewal K. Saluja

2004-01-01

339

Testing micropipelined asynchronous circuits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite advances in the design of asynchronous circuits, little progress has been made in their testing or design for testability. This work proposes a new strategy for testing micropipelines, by treating the asynchronous elements, such as the C-element, as atomic state elements for testing purposes. By treating asynchronous elements as finite state machines, tests for these can be generated that

Matthew L. King; Kewal K. Saluja

2004-01-01

340

Test Design and Speededness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A critical component of test speededness is the distribution of the test taker's total time on the test. A simple set of constraints on the item parameters in the lognormal model for response times is derived that can be used to control the distribution when assembling a new test form. As the constraints are linear in the item parameters, they…

van der Linden, Wim J.

2011-01-01

341

Continuous testing in eclipse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuous testing uses excess cycles on a developer's workstation to continuously run regression tests in the background, providing rapid feedback about test failures as code is edited. It reduces the time and energy required to keep code well-tested, and it prevents regression errors from persisting uncaught for long periods of time.

David Saff; Michael D. Ernst

2005-01-01

342

Testing Our Limits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Computerized testing, including the widely used MAP test, has infiltrated the public schools in Milwaukee and across the nation, bringing with it a frightening future for public education. High-stakes standardized tests can be scored almost immediately via the internet, and testing companies can now easily link districts to their online data…

Tempel, Melissa Bollow

2012-01-01

343

Locating Information about Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe sources of information about tests. They note the existence of test publishers' manuals, Mental Measurement Yearbooks (including online updates), Tests in Print, and computerized databases of the Educational Resources Information Center and the Educational Testing Service. An annotated list of compendia of instruments and…

Wolf, Richard M.; Redl, Vera A.

1985-01-01

344

Metal Fatigue Test Unit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A metal fatigue test unit containing a device for fastening a test specimen, an electromagnetic vibrator with a device for fastening a test specimen on it, and a device for measuring the number of loading cycles up to the destruction of the test specimen,...

A. A. Markov E. A. Kocharov

1972-01-01

345

[Alternatives to patch tests].  

PubMed

Patch testing using standard and specific batteries, as well as the ingredients of products brought in by patients, is still the most reliable way of identifying contact allergens. However, under certain conditions, other methods such as the semi-open test and the repeated open application test (ROAT test) may be more appropriate. PMID:19686900

Goossens, A

2009-07-21

346

Testing: a roadmap  

Microsoft Academic Search

Testing is an important process that is performed to support quality assurance. Testing activities support quality assurance by gathering information about the nature of the software being studied. These activities consist of designing test cases, executing the software with those test cases, and examining the results pro- duced by those executions. Studies indicate that more than fifty percent of the

Mary Jean Harrold

2000-01-01

347

Testing eyewitness memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identifies a memory-testing procedure that is relatively resistant to the documented effects of suggestibility on eyewitness memory. Most studies on suggestibility have used averbal recognition memory test in which the alternative test items are sentences, each to be verified as true or false regarding an originally viewedvisual sequence. In this study, participants were tested with either the verbal

Kathy Pezdek; Joelle Greener

1993-01-01

348

Continuous Testing in Eclipse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Continuous testing uses excess cycles on a developer's workstation to continuouslyrun regression tests in the background, providing rapid feedback about test failuresas source code is edited. It is intended to reduce the time and energy required tokeep code well-tested, and to prevent regression errors from persisting uncaught forlong periods of time.

David Saff; Michael D. Ernst

2004-01-01

349

Legal Issues in Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Digest overviews legal challenges in five areas of test use for decision-making in schools: ability tracking, placement in special education classes, test scores as college admissions criteria, test disclosure, and teacher competency testing. Cases illustrating these challenges are described and include: Hobson v. Hansen (1967), Moses v.…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Tests, Measurement, and Evaluation, Princeton, NJ.

350

testing Communication Protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe a unifying, common intermediate model that lets Lotos specifications and TTCN test suites be translated into extended finite-state machines, providing a single medium for conformance testing. The paper covers specifying a protocol in Lotos, specifying test suites in TTCN, translating specifications to CIM, and the generation, verification, selection, parametrization, and execution of tests

Kshirasagar Naik; Behçet Sarikaya

1992-01-01

351

Tests Related to Pregnancy  

MedlinePLUS

... woman has a recurrent history of miscarriages 3. Prenatal genetic testing Prenatal testing happens while you are pregnant. It looks ... baby is born. Your healthcare provider may suggest prenatal testing if: ... defect Results of a screening blood test show a possible problem in the ...

352

Test Preparation: Your Role  

MedlinePLUS

... information about preparations needed for specific tests on web sites like Lab Tests Online. However, you should always follow your health ... may sometimes be elaborated on further on "The Test" tab. However, be sure ... on this or any other web site, as different labs may have varying testing ...

353

p24 Antigen Test  

MedlinePLUS

... FDA Approves First Combined HIV Antibody and Antigen Test (2010) Elsewhere On The Web Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV testing AVERT.org: HIV testing, Frequently Asked Questions Familydoctor.org: HIV and AIDS ... experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board . This article is periodically ...

354

Battery test plan  

SciTech Connect

This test plan describes the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) approach to testing electric vehicle (EV) batteries. Each individual module and vehicle battery pack is given an identification that is traceable through its history. Computer-controlled battery capacity testing equipment is used at the Electric Vehicle Test Facility. Two types of testing are performed - acceptance and operational. Records of tests are maintained on the forms illustrated and on computer-generated outputs shown. The results of the testing is documented in a report on individual battery products of a manufacturer.

Blickwedel, T.W.

1982-06-01

355

Solderability test system  

DOEpatents

A new test method to quantify capillary flow solderability on a printed wiring board surface finish. The test is based on solder flow from a pad onto narrow strips or lines. A test procedure and video image analysis technique were developed for conducting the test and evaluating the data. Feasibility tests revealed that the wetted distance was sensitive to the ratio of pad radius to line width (l/r), solder volume, and flux predry time.

Yost, Fred (Cedar Crest, NM); Hosking, Floyd M. (Albuquerque, NM); Jellison, James L. (Albuquerque, NM); Short, Bruce (Beverly, MA); Giversen, Terri (Beverly, MA); Reed, Jimmy R. (Austin, TX)

1998-01-01

356

Solderability test system  

DOEpatents

A new test method to quantify capillary flow solderability on a printed wiring board surface finish. The test is based on solder flow from a pad onto narrow strips or lines. A test procedure and video image analysis technique were developed for conducting the test and evaluating the data. Feasibility tests revealed that the wetted distance was sensitive to the ratio of pad radius to line width (l/r), solder volume, and flux predry time. 11 figs.

Yost, F.; Hosking, F.M.; Jellison, J.L.; Short, B.; Giversen, T.; Reed, J.R.

1998-10-27

357

Luminescent Bacteria Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The luminescent bacteria test has become a basic test for ecotoxicological testing of chemicals, waste water and eluates from\\u000a soil and sediment. It has been selected for the basic test set as a representative method to assess the ecotoxicological hazard\\u000a potential of waste eluates to terrestrial invertebrates. The luminescent bacteria test can be carried out by using freshly\\u000a prepared bacteria,

M. Pattard; H. Moser

358

FOS Target Acquisition Test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FOS onboard target acquisition software capabilities will be verified by this test -- point source binary, point source firmware, point source peak-up, wfpc2 assisted realtime, point source peak-down, taled assisted binary, taled assisted firmware, and nth star binary modes. The primary modes are tested 3 times to determine repeatability. This test is the only test that will verify mode-to-mode acquisition offsets. This test has to be conducted for both the RED and BLUE detectors.

Koratkar, Anuradha

1994-07-01

359

Entry/Exit Port testing, test report  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Receiving and Processing Module I (WRAP-1) facility must have the ability to allow 55-gallon drums to enter and exit glovebox enclosures. An Entry/Exit Port (Appendix 1, Figure 1), designed by United Engineers and Constructors (UE&C), is one method chosen for drum transfer. The Entry/Exit Port is to be used for entry of 55-gallon drums into both process entry gloveboxes, exit of 55-gallon drum waste pucks from the low-level waste (LLW) glovebox, and loadout of waste from the restricted waste management glovebox. The Entry/Exit Port relies on capture velocity air flow and a neoprene seal to provide alpha confinement when the Port is in the open and closed positions, respectively. Since the glovebox is in a slight vacuum, air flow is directed into the glovebox through the space between the overpack drum and glovebox floor. The air flow is to direct any airborne contamination into the glovebox. A neoprene seal is used to seal the Port door to the glovebox floor, thus maintaining confinement in the closed position. Entry/Exit Port testing took place February 17, 1993, through April 14, 1993, in the 305 building of Westinghouse Hanford Company. Testing was performed in accordance with the Entry/Exit Port Testing Test Plan, document number WHC-SD-WO26-TP-005. A prototype Entry/Exit Port built at the Hanford Site was tested using fluorescent paint pigment and smoke candles as simulant contaminants. This test report is an interim test report. Further developmental testing is required to test modifications made to the Port as the original design of the Port did not provide complete confinement during all stages of operation.

Winkelman, R.H.

1993-05-01

360

Tests of Halon 1301 test gas simulants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All new and retrofit installations of Halon 1301 (CBrF3) total flooding fire protection systems in shipboard machinery spaces require full acceptance discharge test. It is desirable to use a suitable simulant test gas in these tests in view of current and future regulation of Halon 1301. Sulfur hexafluoride, SF6, and chlorodifluromethane R-22, were identified as candidate simulants on the basis of their similarity in physical properties to Halon 1301. These two candidates were then evaluated on the basis of leakage from an enclosure. SF6 was determined to be an excellent simulant for Halon 1301 when considering leakage from an enclosure. Further testing of SF6 and R-22 is planned for other important aspects of Halon 1301 systems, i.e., flow hydraulics, initial mixing.

Carhart, H. W.; Leonard, J. T.; Dinenno, P. J.; Starchville, M. D.; Forssell, E. W.; Wong, J. T.

1989-02-01

361

Nevada Test Site Sensor Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

A Sensor Test Facility (STF) was recently established at the Department of Energy`s Nevada Test Site (NTS). It has been used for a series of sensor tests that have demonstrated the usefulness of the testbed. The facility consists of a cut-and-cover bunker complex and the two square mile surrounding area. The STF was developed as a scientific testbed optimized for the development and evaluation of advanced sensor systems, including ground sensor systems designed to identify and detect hardened underground facilities. This was accomplished by identifying a facility in a remote location where seismic, acoustic, and electromagnetic interference would be minimal, establishing a testbed that would be accommodating to field testing, and conducting a thorough geophysical characterization of the area surrounding the facility in order to understand the local geology and its effects on geophysical signals emanating from the facility. The STF is representative of a number of cut-and-cover bunkers around the world that are used for the manufacture and/or storage of weapons of mass destruction. This paper provides a general description of the Nevada Test Site, the Sensor Test Facility, and the Geophysical Site Characterization.

Gomez, B.J.; Boyer, W.B.

1996-12-01

362

Automatic test factoring for java  

Microsoft Academic Search

Test factoring creates fast, focused unit tests from slow system-wide tests; each new unit test exercises only a subset of the functionality exercised by the system test. Augment- ing a test suite with factored unit tests should catch errors earlier in a test run. One way to factor a test is to introduce mock objects. If a test exercises a

David Saff; Shay Artzi; Jeff H. Perkins; Michael D. Ernst

2005-01-01

363

Challenges in Credentialing Institutions and Participants in Advanced Technology Multi-institutional Clinical Trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Radiological Physics Center (RPC) has functioned continuously for 38 years to assure the National Cancer Institute and the cooperative groups that institutions participating in multi-institutional trials can be expected to deliver radiation treatments that are clinically comparable to those delivered by other institutions in the cooperative groups. To accomplish this, the RPC monitors the machine output, the dosimetry data

Geoffrey S. Ibbott; David S. Followill; H. Andrea Molineu; Jessica R. Lowenstein; Paola E. Alvarez; Joye E. Roll

2008-01-01

364

An Application of Practical Strategies in Assessing the Criterion-Related Validity of Credentialing Examinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Criterion-related validities of 2 laboratory practitioner certification examinations for medical technologists (MTs) and medical laboratory technicians (MLTs) were assessed for 81 MT and 70 MLT examinees. Validity coefficients are presented for both measures. Overall, summative ratings yielded stronger validity coefficients than ratings based on…

Fidler, James R.

1993-01-01

365

Producing Quality Credentials. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 13, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countless media reports point to the mismatch between workers' skills and employers' needs. Education and employment data bear out this fact. Using data from the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) and other sources, an influential 2011 report found that a substantial percentage of recent college graduates lack core competencies critical…

Smith, Matthew

2012-01-01

366

46 CFR 10.225 - Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...this part; (5) Evidence of having passed a chemical...or other documentary evidence of service indicating the name...what waters, where sea service is required; ...medical, and/or physical exams as required...

2011-10-01

367

Illinois WorkNet System, NOCTI Partner for Real-World Credentials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes one assessment that provides a college- and career-ready individual for employers. In Illinois, workNet is the state's primary online workforce development Web site and resource for Workforce Investment Act services. With help from NOCTI, workNet offers assessments that identify the skills and interests of participants,…

Telger, Natasha; Foster, John C.

2011-01-01

368

Preservation of Client Credentials Within Online Multi-user Virtual Environments Used as Learning Spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online Multi-User Virtual Environments such as Second Life have become a popular educational resource when creating learning\\u000a spaces for the net-enabled generation of students. High expectations within these environments for breadth of functionality\\u000a and high speed of content delivery, place a heavy demand on systems integration between the MUVE and web based learning tools.\\u000a The Sloodle project attempts to combines

Sharon Griffith; Ioakim Marmaridis

2009-01-01

369

The Role of the University in Trade and Industrial Education Credentialing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A descriptive study gathered information on the collegiate backgrounds of degreed trade and industrial (T&I) education teachers. Questionnaires were sent to all department chairpersons listed in "Industrial Teacher Education Directory," except to those who offered only industrial arts, industrial arts education, or technology education degrees.…

Duenk, Lester G.

370

The Doctor of Musical Arts in Music Education: A Distinctive Credential Needed at This Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The music education profession is in a period of transition. New musics, cultural understandings, and technologies require music teachers to continually update their knowledge and skills. Regulatory changes in many states that require teachers to pursue continuing education credits and receive a master's degree earlier in their careers than…

Jones, Patrick M.

2009-01-01

371

Professional Preparation Systems for Parenting Educators: Identification, Perceived Value, and Demand for a National Credential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study reported here examined professional preparation systems (PPS) for parenting educators via an online survey of 324 Extension Specialists and members of the National Parenting Education Network (NPEN) and Certified Family Life Educator (CFLE) listservs. Eighty-one PPS of six general types were identified. Curriculum-specific training and…

Stolz, Heidi E.; Henke, Teri M.; Brandon, Denise J.; Sams, Juli M.

2010-01-01

372

Facing a paradigm shift in professional credentialing: Preparedness of registered dietitians for Professional Development 2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the year 2001, the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR) will begin a new process of recertifying Registered Dietitians (RD) using a self-directed lifelong learning portfolio model. The model, entitled Professional Development 2001 (PD 2001), is designed to increase competency through targeted learning. This portfolio consists of five steps: reflection, learning needs assessment, formulation of a learning plan, maintenance of

Nancy Collins

2000-01-01

373

Physical and social organization of space in a combined credential programme: implications for inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social geography brings a new perspective to understanding longstanding separation between general and special education in higher education. This paper uses methods from social geography to consider how the structures and processes of space function to maintain longstanding divisions between general and special education in a US teacher education programme that strives towards inclusivity. This intensive ten?month qualitative case study

Kathryn S. Young

2008-01-01

374

The Hidden Professoriate. Credentialism, Professionalism, and the Tenure Crisis. Contributions in Sociology, Number 29.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paradoxical state of academe's attempt to crowd individuals into institutions of higher education at a time when jobs for them are evaporating has created a conflict within the academic personnel community for non-tenured faculty struggling to survive. Case studies representing actual experiences of some individuals directly involved in the…

Wilke, Arthur S., Ed.

375

Dependence on state funding, local educational opportunities, and access to high school credentials in israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major shortcoming of macro-spatial research undertaken to date in Israel pertains to the neglect of state investment-related measures and the extent to which they mediate unequal opportunities to learn (OTL) and educational opportunities between localities. In the present study, OTL refer to class size and high-school tracking patterns. Educational opportunities refer to two measures: the school system's holding power

Audrey Addi-Raccah; Andre´ Elias Mazawi

2004-01-01

376

Dependence on State Funding, Local Educational Opportunities, and Access to High School Credentials in Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major shortcoming of macro-spatial research undertaken to date in Israel pertains to the neglect of state investment-related measures and the extent to which they mediate unequal opportunities to learn (OTL) and educational opportunities between localities. In the present study, OTL refer to class size and high-school tracking patterns.…

Addi-Raccah, Audrey; Mazawi, Andre Elias

2004-01-01

377

Privacy Preserving Grapevines: Capturing Social Network Interactions Using Delegatable Anonymous Credentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wide variety of services allow users to meet online and communicate with each other, building new social relationships and reinforcing older ones. Unfortunately, malicious entities can exploit such services for fraudulent activities such as spamming. It is critical that these services protect users from unwanted in- teractions, especially when new relationships are being established - the introduction problem. The

Vijay A. Balasubramaniyan; Younho Lee; Mustaque Ahamad

378

How To Succeed in School without Really Learning: The Credentials Race in American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Getting ahead and getting an education are inseparable in the minds of most Americans. Social mobility lies at the core of the American dream, and educational opportunity is the primary avenue by which to realize this dream. This book suggests that it is time to consider whether the connection between schooling and social mobility is doing more…

Labaree, David F.

379

Credentialing, diversity, and professional recognition-foundations for an Australian infection control career path  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: There are no regulatory, legislative, or professional criteria stipulating minimum qualifications or experience that a health care worker must meet to be capable of coordinating an Australian infection control (IC) program. Measurement of IC competence is important to protect the public and for the ongoing credibility and growth of the profession. Method: Our study group was all 1078 nonmedical

Cathryn L Murphy; M.-L McLaws

1999-01-01

380

Standards for Elementary Mathematics Specialists: A Reference for Teacher Credentialing and Degree Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 8-page document (pdf) developed by the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators (AMTE) describes the role of elementary mathematics specialists (EMS), the need for them, and the evidence of their positive impact. It proposes certification standards which outline the knowledge, skills, and leadership qualities needed by EMS. A list of references is included.

Al., Barbara J.

2010-01-01

381

How Do School Districts Treat K-12 Principals and Principal Candidates with Online Credentials?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was designed to understand how school districts treat their current principals and principal candidates who have taken online courses or who have earned online degrees. Through a survey of 105 human resources directors in K-12 schools across the USA, the study found five major themes: (1) districts are reluctant to hire principals with…

Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott; Dikkers, Amy Garrett

2011-01-01

382

Physical and Social Organization of Space in a Combined Credential Programme: Implications for Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social geography brings a new perspective to understanding longstanding separation between general and special education in higher education. This paper uses methods from social geography to consider how the structures and processes of space function to maintain longstanding divisions between general and special education in a US teacher…

Young, Kathryn S.

2008-01-01

383

46 CFR 5.61 - Acts or offenses for which revocation of credentials is sought.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... (2) Misconduct resulting in loss of life or serious injury. (3) Rape or sexual... (7) Sabotage. (8) Smuggling of aliens. (9) Incompetence. (10) Interference...would be clearly a threat to the safety of life or property, or detrimental to good...

2011-10-01

384

46 CFR 5.61 - Acts or offenses for which revocation of credentials is sought.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... (2) Misconduct resulting in loss of life or serious injury. (3) Rape or sexual... (7) Sabotage. (8) Smuggling of aliens. (9) Incompetence. (10) Interference...would be clearly a threat to the safety of life or property, or detrimental to good...

2012-10-01

385

46 CFR 5.59 - Offenses for which revocation of credentials or endorsements is mandatory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...association with dangerous drugs is found proved. In those cases involving marijuana, the Administrative...the use of, a dangerous drug, or has been convicted...violation of the dangerous drug laws, whether or not...when no issue of law or fact determinative of the...

2010-10-01

386

46 CFR 5.59 - Offenses for which revocation of credentials or endorsements is mandatory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...association with dangerous drugs is found proved. In those cases involving marijuana, the Administrative...the use of, a dangerous drug, or has been convicted...violation of the dangerous drug laws, whether or not...when no issue of law or fact determinative of the...

2009-10-01

387

46 CFR 5.59 - Offenses for which revocation of credentials or endorsements is mandatory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...association with dangerous drugs is found proved. In those cases involving marijuana, the Administrative...the use of, a dangerous drug, or has been convicted...violation of the dangerous drug laws, whether or not...when no issue of law or fact determinative of the...

2012-10-01

388

46 CFR 5.59 - Offenses for which revocation of credentials or endorsements is mandatory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...association with dangerous drugs is found proved. In those cases involving marijuana, the Administrative...the use of, a dangerous drug, or has been convicted...violation of the dangerous drug laws, whether or not...when no issue of law or fact determinative of the...

2011-10-01

389

Situation role-based privacy control using dynamic credentials for emergency health services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging Health Information Technologies (HIT) such as Electronic Health Record (EHR) and PHR systems and Heath Information Exchanges (HIEs) facilitate access to and sharing of patients' medical data distributed in different HIT systems. One of the many major challenges to overcome for EHRs to be successful and for sharing of patient information across different EHR systems in the HIE environment

Soon Ae Chun; Joon Hee Kwon; Haesung Lee

2012-01-01

390

ECN Pressure Test  

SciTech Connect

This note describes: the rationale for the test pressure of the inner ECN cryostat vessel, the equipment to be used in this test, the test procedure, the status of the vessel prior to the test, the actual test results, and a schematic diagram of the testing set up and the pressure testing permit. The test, performed in the evening of July 17, 1991, was a major success. Based on a neglible pressure drop indicated on the pressure gages (1/4 psi), the vessel appeared to be structurally sound throughout the duration of the test (approx. 1.5 hrs.). No pressure increases were observed on the indicators looking at the beam tube bellows volumes. There was no indication of bubbles form the soap test on the welds and most of the fittings that were checked. There were some slight deviations in the actual procedure used. The UO filter was removed after the vessel had bled down to about 18 psig in order to speed up that aspect of the test. The rationale was that the higher velocity gas had already passed through at the higher pressures and there was no visible traces of the black uo particles. The rate of 4 psi/10 minutes seemed incredibly slow and often that time was reduced to just over half that rate. The testing personnel was allowed to stay in the pit throughout the duration of the test; this was a slight relaxation of the rules.

Dixon, K.; /Fermilab

1991-07-18

391

Smart HIV testing system.  

PubMed

The quick HIV testing method called "MiraWell Rapid HIV Test" uses a specialized testing kit to determine whether an individual's blood is contaminated with the HIV virus or not. When a drop of blood is placed on the center of the testing kit, a simple pattern will appear in the middle of the kit to indicate the test status, i.e., positive or negative. This HIV test should be done in a small clinic or in a lab and the test must be conducted by a trained technician. A smart HIV testing system was developed through this research to eliminate the human error that is associated with the use of the quick HIV testing kits. Also, the smart HIV system will improve the testing productivity in comparison to those achieved by the trained technicians. In this research, we have developed a cost-effective system that analyzes the image produced by the HIV kits. We have used a System-On-Chip (SOC) design approach based on the Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology and the Xilinx Virtex SOC chip in building the system's prototype. The system used a CMOS digital camera to capture the image and an FPGA chip to process the captured image and send the testing results to the display unit. The system can be used in small clinics and pharmacies and eliminates the need for trained technicians. The system has been tested successfully and 98% of the tests were correct. PMID:16078623

El Kateeb, Ali; Law, Peter; Chan, King

2005-06-01

392

Pulmonary function tests  

MedlinePLUS

PFTs; Spirometry; Spirogram; Lung function tests ... Pulmonary function tests are done to: Diagnose certain types of lung disease (such as asthma , bronchitis , and emphysema) Find the cause of shortness of breath Measure whether exposure ...

393

Lactate dehydrogenase test  

MedlinePLUS

... Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.

394

T3 test  

MedlinePLUS

... Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different specimens.Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.

395

Interpreting Laboratory Test Results  

MedlinePLUS

... Clinical Trials NCI Publications Español Interpreting Laboratory Test Results A laboratory test is a medical procedure in which a sample of blood , urine , or other tissues or substances in the ...

396

Lung diffusion testing  

MedlinePLUS

Lung diffusion testing measures how well the lungs exchange gases. This is an important part of lung testing , because ... Gender Height Hemoglobin (the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen) level

397

Visual acuity test  

MedlinePLUS

The visual acuity test is used to determine the smallest letters you can read on a standardized chart (Snellen ... The visual acuity test is a routine part of an eye examination or general physical examination, particularly if there ...

398

Uric acid test (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Uric acid urine test is performed to check for the amount of uric acid in urine. Urine is collected over a 24 ... testing. The most common reason for measuring uric acid levels is in the diagnosis or treatment of ...

399

Thyroid Function Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What is the thyroid gland? The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped ... and their release into the bloodstream. Why are thyroid function tests performed? Thyroid function tests are used ...

400

Nuclear Test Program  

SciTech Connect

An interview with Dr. Robert W. Kuckuck, Deputy Associate Director for Nuclear Testing, is presented which surveys the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's efforts in nuclear testing, the need for testing, and the role of testing in the overall weapon design process. The complex activities coordinated in the fielding of a nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site are described. Advances in nuclear testing technology are highlighted, including: x-ray spectroscopy, development of electro-optical data transmission systems, electro-optical downhole imaging systems, image data acquisition, diagnostics using charged-particle detectors, analyzing of radioactive nuclides, isotope mass spectrometry for nuclear test diagnostics, canister design, emplacing nuclear event cables with an automated system, the digital downhole surveyor, and measurements on subsurface rock. (LEW)

Ferderber, L.j.; Adye, P.; Bruner, J.M.; Clements, W.; de Vore, L.; Hendry, D.P.; Kirvel, R.D.; O'Neal, E.M.; Taft, S.O. (eds.)

1986-01-01

401

CSF glucose test  

MedlinePLUS

Glucose test - CSF; Cerebrospinal fluid glucose test ... The glucose level in the CSF should be 50 - 80 mg/100 mL (or greater than 2/3 of the blood sugar level). Note: Normal value ranges may vary slightly ...

402

Lactic acid test  

MedlinePLUS

Lactate test ... test. Exercise can cause a temporary increase in lactic acid levels. ... oxygen. See: Oxygen deprivation Conditions that can increase lactic acid levels include: Heart failure Liver problems Lung disease ...

403

Preplacement testing pilot program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper is aimed at those interested in instituting physical ability testing programs. It describes the general methodology used and lessons learned in initiating a pilot program for preplacement testing in a research and development facility. It is an...

C. Bockrath L. Halunen

1990-01-01

404

Material Test Procedure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Army service test procedure describes test methods and techniques for evaluating the performance and characteristics of pumping assemblies (for flammable liquid, bulk transfer) and for determining their suitability for service use by the U. S. Army. (...

1970-01-01

405

Force Limited Vibration Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new method of conducting lab vibration tests of spacecraft equipment was developed to more closely simulate the vibration environment experienced when the spacecraft is launched on a rocket. The improved tests are tailored to identify equipment design a...

T. D. Scharton

1991-01-01

406

Allergy Skin Tests  

MedlinePLUS

Allergy skin tests Basics In-Depth Multimedia Resources Reprints A single copy of this article may be reprinted for personal, noncommercial use only. Allergy skin tests By Mayo Clinic staff Original Article: ...

407

Baby's First Test  

MedlinePLUS

... First Test Learn about our initiative. » View more Innovation in Newborn Screening The latest research, news and funding opportunities » View more Innovation About Baby's First Test Contact Us Health Disclaimer ...

408

Ovulation home test  

MedlinePLUS

... the test stick, or place the stick into urine that has been collected into a sterile container. The test stick will turn a certain color or display a positive sign if a surge is detected. A positive ...

409

Foreign Comparative Testing Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is the fourth and last in a series of reports addressing the Foreign Comparative Testing Program. The first report addresses the use of the Foreign Comparative Testing Program funds for the BOL Expendable Countermeasure Dispenser. The second r...

1998-01-01

410

ConcepTest Examples  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

David Steer and David McConnell at the University of Akron are creating and reviewing ConcepTests for introductory geoscience courses. If anyone would like to test existing questions or submit additional ...

411

Dynamic Hopper Car Test.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a test designed to establish the relationship between ride performance and track degradation, vehicle component wear, and the combined effect of rail degradation and component wear. The test was also designed to quantify the dynamic ...

M . Kenworthy C. T. Jones

1980-01-01

412

T4 (Thyroxine) Test  

MedlinePLUS

... pricking the heel of an infant Test Preparation Needed? None needed; however, certain medications can interfere with ... sample and throat culture. Is any test preparation needed to ensure the quality of the sample? No ...

413

Climax Granite Test Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL), as part of the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations (NNWSI) program, is carrying out in situ rock mechanics testing in the Climax granitic stock at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). This summary addresses only tho...

L. D. Ramspott

1980-01-01

414

Acceptance Test Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the special tests and procedures that will be performed on the broadband microwave amplifier panel and the various essential elements that comprise the panel. These tests and procedures outlined are those items that are essential for...

D. C. Kraus

1985-01-01

415

Malaria antibody test development  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Printable Version. Malaria antibody test development. FDA Workshop on Testing for Malarial Infections in Blood Donors July 12, 2006. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/newsevents/workshopsmeetingsconferences

416

Coaxial test fixture  

DOEpatents

This invention pertains to arrangements for performing electrical tests on contact material samples, and in particular for testing contact material test samples in an evacuated environment under high current loads. Frequently, it is desirable in developing high-current separable contact material, to have at least a preliminary analysis of selected candidate conductor materials. Testing of material samples will hopefully identify materials unsuitable for high current electrical contact without requiring incorporation of the materials into a completed and oftentimes complex structure.

Praeg, W.F.

1984-03-30

417

Specification-Based Testing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This subset of the Black Box Software Testing collection includes resources to teach Specification-Based Testing. Spec-based testing involves discovering what claims are made in the specifications and testing the product against those claims. Thus, testers might evaluate a product against a comprehensive development specification, a user manual, a third-party manual, or a collection of emails and meeting notes that together define the product. Resources include lecture videos, slides, activities, suggested readings, and study guide materials.

Kaner, Cem; Fiedler, Rebecca L.

2011-06-01

418

Broadside delay test  

Microsoft Academic Search

A broad-side delay test is a form of a scan-based delay test, where the first vector of the pair is scanned into the chain and the second vector of the pair is the combinational circuit's response to this first vector. This delay test form is called “broad-side” since the second vector of the delay test pair is provided in a

Jacob Savir; Srinivas Patil

1994-01-01

419

White Sands Test Facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is an overview of the White Sands Test Facility's role in ensuring the safety and reliability of materials and hardware slated for launch aboard the Space Shuttle. Engine firings, orbital flights debris impact tests, and propulsion tests are featured as well as illustrating how they provide flight safety testing for the Johnson Space Center, other NASA centers, and various government agencies. It also contains a historical perspective and highlights of major programs that have been participated in as part of NASA.

420

VXI Test Executive.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A system is provided for developing program test sets with test hardware conforming to well known test industry standards, such as VXI, VME and GPIB standards. The system has a computer with a display console. After initialization and password checks, the...

B. T. McKeon M. C. Larson D. H. Sherman

1997-01-01

421

Framework for Test Selection.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A framework for test selection is proposed that works from the principle that in the practice test, suites are composed by selecting test cases on the basis of external knowledge, such as experience and heuristics, that cannot be reflected in the formal s...

E. Brinksma J. Tretmans L. Verhaard

1991-01-01

422

The Multiple Tasks Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simultaneous challenge of posture and cognition (‘dual tasks’) may predict falls better than tests of isolated components of postural control. We describe a new balance test (the Multiple Tasks Test, MTT) which (1) is based upon simultaneous assessment of multiple (>2) postural components; (2) represents everyday situations; and (3) can be applied by clinicians. Relevant risk factors for falls and

Bastiaan R Bloem; Vibeke V Valkenburg; Mathilde Slabbekoorn; Mirjam D Willemsen

2001-01-01

423

Small Wind Independent Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This fact sheet describes the Small Wind Independent Testing at the NWTC and the Regional Test Center's project. NREL and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Wind and Water Power Program established the Small Wind Independent Testing project in 2008 and...

2010-01-01

424

Aerospace Tests & Measurements  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center presents materials on testing and measurements in the workplace. Topics covered include inspection requirements, engineering drawings, measurement and tools, surface plates, electrical and pressure testing, and non-destructive testing.

2011-07-05

425

Diagnosing the Diagnostic Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scads of pseudodiagnostic tests are peddled by commercial vendors who recognize that desperate educators will do almost anything to dodge an impending accountability cataclysm. And this "almost anything" includes buying tests that promise to help a teacher raise test scores--even if they don't. Accordingly, today's educators need to be aware of…

Popham, W. James

2009-01-01

426

Testing the Edges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students gain experience using the software/systems (engineering) design process, specifically focusing on the testing phase. This problem-based learning activity uses the design process to solve open-ended challenges. In addition to learning about test cases for testing software, students utilize the design process as a vehicle to work through a problem and arrive at a solution.

Impart Ret Program

427

STRESS TESTING OF WOODSTOVES  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses stress testing of woodstoves. tress testing is a way to test the long- term durability of woodstove models in the laboratory in a 1 to 2 week time frame. (NOTE: Woodstove field studies have shown that new technology woodstoves designed to have low particulate ...

428

Sparse matrix test problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the Harwell-Boeing sparse matrix collection, a set of standard test matrices for sparse matrix problems. Our test set comprises problems in linear systems, least squares, and eigenvalue calculations from a wide variety of scientific and engineering disciplines. The problems range from small matrices, used as counter-examples to hypotheses in sparse matrix research, to large test cases arising in

Iain S. Duff; Roger G. Grimes; John G. Lewis

1989-01-01

429

Sparse matrix test problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development, analysis and production of algorithms in sparse linear algebra often requires the use of test problems to demonstrate the effectiveness and applicability of the algorithms. Many algorithms have been developed in the context of specific application areas and have been tested in the context of sets of test problems collected by the developers. Comparisons of algorithms across application

Iain Duff; Roger Grimes; John Lewis; Bill Poole

1982-01-01

430

Test Reviewing in Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2006, a (new) German standard for test reviewing was passed (Testkuratorium, 2006). There was already a European standard in place (European Federation of Psychologists' Associations, 2008). This article presents the German standard for test reviewing and explains how the German test review system was derived from demands in the German…

Hagemeister, Carmen; Kersting, Martin; Stemmler, Gerhard

2012-01-01

431

Advanced Urine Toxicology Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urine toxicology screening testing is an important standard of care in the addiction and pain treatment setting, offering a reproducible, unbiased, and accurate laboratory test to monitor patients and provide objective support for clinical observations. It has been shown that physicians do not have proficiency in the ordering or interpretation of these tests. This article is an attempt to respond

Peter L. Tenore

2010-01-01

432

Advanced Technology Vehicle Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The light-duty vehicle transportation sector in the United States depends heavily on imported petroleum as a transportation fuel. The Department of Energyâs Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is testing advanced technology vehicles to help reduce this dependency, which would contribute to the economic stability and homeland security of the United States. These advanced technology test vehicles include internal combustion engine

James Francfort

2003-01-01

433

Association testing with Mendel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents an overview of association testing strategies from a user's perspective, with particular attention to the capabilities of the computer program Mendel. Association testing is driven by the nature of the study sample, the nature of the disease trait, and the kind of markers employed. The practicing statistician must also choose whether to conduct parametric or nonparametric tests.

Kenneth Lange; Janet S. Sinsheimer; Eric Sobel

2005-01-01

434

Anxiety and Test Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Test anxiety is a variable cognitive, affective, or physiological response, or any combination thereof, occurring during evaluative, self-report examinations. Research suggests that the cognitive, affective, and physiological components of test anxiety are interrelated and that these components in addition to global test anxiety, are negatively…

Hickey, Kevin S.

435

Test Of A Lifetime  

NASA Video Gallery

What's it like to be a student researcher from the California Polytechnic Institute who gets the rare chance to team with NASA on building and testing a possible aircraft design for the future? Eric Paciano talks about his experience and how it was the test of a lifetime. › Read More About Eric's Wind Tunnel Test › See Other 'Faces of NASA' Videos

Christopher O

2013-01-22

436

Sparrow Test Set Improvements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes improvements to the Sparrow depot-level test set, an inexpensive way to update the test set's technical manuals, and an innovative way to apprise sponsors of developments. Criteria for selecting test set components to be replaced wer...

E. R. Sandy R. Geer J. M. Zapata I. Lieberman

1995-01-01

437

Leak Test Adapter System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A leak test adapter system and method for using same are provided for leak testing a container. A test port is defined in the container to have a cylindrical portion accessible from within the container and a slot accessible from the cylindrical portion a...

K. B. Lewis

1998-01-01

438

Preplacement testing pilot program  

SciTech Connect

This paper is aimed at those interested in instituting physical ability testing programs. It describes the general methodology used and lessons learned in initiating a pilot program for preplacement testing in a research and development facility. It is anticipated that the job analyses and testing criteria produced by our program will have additional applications in rehabilitation, recruiting, and worker hardening. 9 refs., 2 tabs.

Bockrath, C.; Halunen, L.

1990-02-01

439

Beyond Intelligence Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Articles on IQ testing are presented: "Opportunity and Intelligence" (Stephen White); "Beyond the IQ: Education and Human Development" (Howard Gardner); "Beyond IQ Testing" (Robert J. Sternberg); "Working Smarter" (Roger J. Peters); "Varieties of Mind" (John L. Doris, Stephen J. Ceci); "Human Intelligence Testing: A Cultural-Ecological…

White, Stephen; And Others

1988-01-01

440

Reliability Testing of Triacs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A laboratory testing program which was conducted on triacs used in a prototype all-solid-state household dishwasher is described. This testing program was deemed necessary after an inordinately high number of failures of the triacs were encountered in field testing, even though the triacs were being operated well within their published specifications. The operation of triacs, the specific appliance application, and

Steven B. Sample; Paul R. Scheuer; Leroy F. Silva

1977-01-01

441

Computerised Adaptive Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers the potential of computer adaptive testing (CAT). Discusses the use of CAT instead of traditional paper and pencil tests, identifies decisions that impact the efficacy of CAT, and concludes that CAT is beneficial when used to its full potential on certain types of tests. (LRW)|

Latu, Elisapesi; Chapman, Elaine

2002-01-01

442

Unexpected Benefits of Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses benefits of testing in a training program based on experiences at the Learning and Performance Center (LPC) of Lucent Technologies. Topics include demonstrating the value of training to corporate clients; student reaction questionnaire results; purposes of testing; and benefits of testing to students, instructors, course developers, and…

Parker, Edmond T.

2000-01-01

443

Strep Test: Rapid  

MedlinePLUS

... some cases, the doctor may do a throat culture instead of a rapid strep test. A throat culture is more accurate than a rapid strep test, ... second swab can be sent for a throat culture if the rapid strep test results are negative. ...

444

Prenatal Testing Guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous advances over the past 15 years have led to a much wider array of prenatal testing options for pregnant women who are interested in obtaining information regarding the chromosomal status of their fetus. However, despite recent data calling into question the assumptions underlying current testing guidelines, including those inherent in the risk-based threshold for offering invasive testing, chorionic villus

Miriam Kuppermann; Mary E. Norton

2005-01-01

445

Graphics Turing Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We define a Graphics Turing Test to measure graphics performance in a similar manner,to the definition of the traditional Turing Test. To pass the test one needs to reach a computational scale, the Graphics Turing Scale, for which Computer Generated Imagery becomes comparatively indistinguishable from real images while also being interactive. We derive an estimate for this computational scale

Michael D. Mcguigan

2006-01-01

446

Test Officer's Planning Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents a guide to provide an orientation manual for new test planners and evaluators and a reference manual to be consulted during development of test plans and reports at MASSTER (Mobile Army Sensor Systems Test Evaluation and Review). It pr...

R. B. Bailey R. B. May V. A. Henson

1973-01-01

447

Tests of Significance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site gives an explanation, a definition of and an example for tests of significance. Topics include null and alternative hypotheses for population mean, one-sided and two-sided z and t tests, levels of significance, and matched pairs analysis. Overall, this is a nice presentation of significance tests for any mathematics classroom.

Lacey, Michelle

2008-12-25

448

Testing Unconstrained Optimization Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the testing of optimization software is inadequate because the number of test functmns is small or the starting points are close to the solution. In addition, there has been too much emphasm on measurmg the efficmncy of the software and not enough on testing reliability and robustness. To address this need, we have produced a relatwely large but

Jorge J. Moré; Burton S. Garbow; Kenneth E. Hillstrom

1981-01-01

449

Simulation of Sequential Tests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer program is presented which simulates a Probability Ratio Sequential Test (PRST) plan from MIL-STD 781C. Upon selection of an applicable test plan and a lower test MTBF (theta 1), the simulation determines, for a chosen range of true MTBFs, the ...

W. J. Broemm

1978-01-01

450

Pilot Class Testing: Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Statistics derived from test score data from the pilot classes participating in the Washington Foreign Language Program are presented in tables in this report. An index accompanies the tables, itemizing the classes by level (FLES, middle, and high school), grade test, language skill, and school. MLA-Coop test performances for each class were…

Washington Univ., Seattle. Washington Foreign Language Program.

451

Small Boat Test Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Standard tests to document the performance of Coast Guard small craft outlined in this report. The test procedures for various calm and rough water aspects of small craft performamce form general guidelines to be used in the writing of specific test plans...

C. A. Kohler R. R. Young

1987-01-01

452

Environmental Systems Test Stand  

Microsoft Academic Search

A test stand has been developed for the evaluation of prototype lighting, environmental control and crop cultivation technologies for plant production within an advanced life support system. Design of the test stand was based on preliminary designs of the center growth bay of the Biomass Production Chamber, one of several modules of the Bioregenerative Planetary Life Support Systems Test Complex

D. Barta; J. Young; M. Ewert; S. Lee; P. Wells; R. Fortson; J. Castillo

2002-01-01

453

Torture Test for METAFONT.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We have seen that test programs are unsatisfactory if they are simply large user application; yet some sort of test program is needed because proofs of correctness aren't adequate either. People have proposed schemes for constructing test data automatical...

D. E. Knuth

1986-01-01

454

Bisimulation Through Probabilistic Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a language for testing concurrent processes and examine its strength in terms of the processes that are distinguished by a test. By using probabilistic transition systems as the underlying semantic model, we show how a testing algorithm with a probability arbitrary close to 1 can distinguish processes that are not bisimulation equivalent. We also show a similar result

Kim Guldstrand Larsen; Arne Skou

1989-01-01

455

Flight Testing and Test Instrumentation of PHOENIX  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the frame of the German national ASTRA program, the need for in-flight experimentation as a key element in the development of the next generation launcher was addressed by the Phoenix project. The Phoenix 1 flight test vehicle was designed to demonstrate the un-powered horizontal landing of a representative, winged RLV configuration. The Phoenix 1 flight test vehicle is downscaled from the reference RLV shape "Hopper", with the dimensions of 7.8m overall length, 3.8m span, and 1200kg mass. In order to be representative of a full scale RLV, the scaling method preserves all features challenging the automatic landing from the flight control point of view. These are in particular the poor flying qualities of the static unstable vehicle and the high landing velocity of 71m/s, which is same as for the full scale vehicle. The landing demonstration scenario comprises a drop from the helicopter approximately 6km ahead of the runway threshold at 2.4km above runway level. The subsequent free flight includes an accelerating dive to merge with a steep final approach path representative of an RLV, followed by a long flare, touch down on the runway, and rollout to standstill. Besides its mandatory avionics system, the vehicle is also equipped with an additional flight test instrumentation to identify local aerodynamic flow and structural stress. This FTI system is designed to collect data by recording about 130 sensor signals during flight. This test instrumentation system was operated during a test campaign dedicated to verify the aerodynamic data base of Phoenix in the Dutch-German Wind-tunnel (DNW) in August 2003 and during three automatic landing flight tests after helicopter drop in May 2004. Post flight analysis of these data allows to validate the design models and the development tools in order to establish a flight validated data base for future work. This paper gives an overview on the Phoenix system including the flight test instrumentation, the test program and the results and lessons learned from the different campaigns.

Janovsky, R.; Behr, R.

2005-02-01

456

Drum drop test report  

SciTech Connect

Testing was performed to determine actual damage to drums when dropped from higher than currently stacked elevations. The drum configurations were the same as they are placed in storage; single drums and four drums banded to a pallet. Maximum drop weights were selected based on successful preliminary tests. Material was lost from each of the single drum tests while only a small amount of material was lost from one of the pelletized drums. The test results are presented in this report. This report also provides recommendations for further testing to determine the appropriate drum weight which can be stored on a fourth tier.

McBeath, R.S.

1995-02-28

457

Pendulum detector testing device  

DOEpatents

A detector testing device which provides consistent, cost-effective, repeatable results. The testing device is primarily constructed of PVC plastic and other non-metallic materials. Sensitivity of a walk-through detector system can be checked by: 1) providing a standard test object simulating the mass, size and material content of a weapon or other contraband, 2) suspending the test object in successive positions, such as head, waist and ankle levels, simulating where the contraband might be concealed on a person walking through the detector system; and 3) swinging the suspended object through each of the positions, while operating the detector system and observing its response. The test object is retained in a holder in which the orientation of the test device or target can be readily changed, to properly complete the testing requirements.

Gonsalves, John M. (Modesto, CA)

1997-01-01

458

Fitness Testing Athletes  

PubMed Central

Fitness testing of athletes can be subdivided into tests of body build, strength, aerobic power, and tests specific to the athletic event. World class athletes seem to fall into specific body types for the individual events. The top athlete usually has very little of the endomorphic characteristics and should be lean. Strength testing should be used more frequently as weight and isometric training techniques are used by many athletes and coaches without specific goals. The aerobic power of many national class athletes may be only 10-30 percent above that of the general population, and high values were found only in cyclists and distance runners. It is emphasized that the scores of fitness tests are specific for each test and do not necessarily correlate at all with athletic performance which is also specific. Despite this limitation, fitness tests do have a place in athletics and should be utilized more fully and with more understanding by coaches and athletes. Imagesp48-a

Cumming, Gordon R.

1970-01-01

459

[The Doppler palm test].  

PubMed

In 384 hands the patency of the arterial arch was investigated by means of both the Allen test and the Doppler palmar arch test as developed by the authors. While the Allen test is purely subjective and gives a high proportion of false results especially in shocked patients, the Doppler palmar arch test is based on two objective criteria: 1. Demonstration of reversed flow in the distal section of the radial artery on proximal compression. 2. Demonstration of pulsatile flow in the radial thumb artery even on compression of the radial artery. The Doppler palmar arch test eliminates all negative aspects of the Allen test and is therefore definitely more reliable than the latter. It is easy to perform for investigators having little experience with Doppler sonography. The time consumed is not greater than with the Allen test. PMID:3041584

Ruland, O; Borkenhagen, N; Prien, T

1988-04-01

460

Sample Proficiency Test exercise  

SciTech Connect

The current format of the OPCW proficiency tests has multiple sets of 2 samples sent to an analysis laboratory. In each sample set, one is identified as a sample, the other as a blank. This method of conducting proficiency tests differs from how an OPCW designated laboratory would receive authentic samples (a set of three containers, each not identified, consisting of the authentic sample, a control sample, and a blank sample). This exercise was designed to test the reporting if the proficiency tests were to be conducted. As such, this is not an official OPCW proficiency test, and the attached report is one method by which LLNL might report their analyses under a more realistic testing scheme. Therefore, the title on the report ''Report of the Umpteenth Official OPCW Proficiency Test'' is meaningless, and provides a bit of whimsy for the analyses and readers of the report.

Alcaraz, A; Gregg, H; Koester, C

2006-02-05

461

European Geography Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

European Geography Test is a collection of challenging Web-based geography exams that survey students' knowledge of European topography, European urban geography, and general map skills. Currently, this site hosts seven tests, which are available in English, Swedish, Spanish, and Dutch. Tests are divided into three different learning levels, and the focus and objectives for each test are clearly stated. The tests employ interactive maps, photographic images, pull-down menus, radio buttons, and fill-in forms to ask students a series of multiple choice, true or false, and matching questions. The questions included in European Geography Test were developed as part of an inter-university project for DGXXII of the European Commission by a consortium of instructors in the UK, Sweden, Belgium, Spain, and The Netherlands. Note: users must register at the site to take the free tests; registration requires name, email address, age, and country of residence.

462

Pendulum detector testing device  

DOEpatents

A detector testing device is described which provides consistent, cost-effective, repeatable results. The testing device is primarily constructed of PVC plastic and other non-metallic materials. Sensitivity of a walk-through detector system can be checked by: (1) providing a standard test object simulating the mass, size and material content of a weapon or other contraband, (2) suspending the test object in successive positions, such as head, waist and ankle levels, simulating where the contraband might be concealed on a person walking through the detector system; and (3) swinging the suspended object through each of the positions, while operating the detector system and observing its response. The test object is retained in a holder in which the orientation of the test device or target can be readily changed, to properly complete the testing requirements. 5 figs.

Gonsalves, J.M.

1997-09-30

463

COLD TEST LOOP INTEGRATED TEST LOOP RESULTS  

SciTech Connect

A testing facility (Cold Test Loop) was constructed and operated to demonstrate the efficacy of the Accelerated Waste Retrieval (AWR) Project's planned sluicing approach to the remediation of Silos 1 and 2 at the Fernald Environmental Management Project near Cincinnati, Ohio. The two silos contain almost 10,000 tons of radium-bearing low-level waste, which consists primarily of solids of raffinates from processing performed on ores from the Democratic Republic of Congo (commonly referred to as ''Belgium Congo ores'') for the recovery of uranium. These silos are 80 ft in diameter, 36 ft high to the center of the dome, and 26.75 ft to the top of the vertical side walls. The test facility contained two test systems, each designed for a specific purpose. The first system, the Integrated Test Loop (ITL), a near-full-scale plant including the actual equipment to be installed at the Fernald Site, was designed to demonstrate the sluicing operation and confirm the selection of a slurry pump, the optimal sluicing nozzle operation, and the preliminary design material balance. The second system, the Component Test Loop (CTL), was designed to evaluate many of the key individual components of the waste retrieval system over an extended run. The major results of the initial testing performed during July and August 2002 confirmed that the AWR approach to sluicing was feasible. The ITL testing confirmed the following: (1) The selected slurry pump (Hazleton 3-20 type SHW) performed well and is suitable for AWR application. However, the pump's motor should be upgraded to a 200-hp model and be driven by a 150-hp variable-frequency drive (VFD). A 200-hp VFD is not much more expensive and would allow the pump to operate at full speed. (2) The best nozzle performance was achieved by using 15/16-in. nozzles operated alternately. This configuration appeared to most effectively mine the surrogate. (3) The Solartron densitometer, which was tested as an alternative mass flow measurement device, did not operate effectively. Consequently, it is not suitable for application to the AWR process. (4) Initially, the spray ring (operated at approximately 2300 psi) and the nozzles provided by the pump vendor did not perform acceptably. The nozzles were replaced with a more robust model, and the performance was then acceptable. (5) The average solids concentration achieved in the slurry before Bentogrout addition was approximately 16% by weight. The solids concentration of the slurry after Bentogrout addition ranged from 26% to approximately 40%. The slurry pump and ITL system performed well at every concentration. No line plugging or other problems were noted. The results of the CTL runs and later ITL testing are summarized in an appendix to this report.

Abraham, TJ

2003-10-22

464

Advanced Technology Vehicle Testing  

SciTech Connect

The light-duty vehicle transportation sector in the United States depends heavily on imported petroleum as a transportation fuel. The Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is testing advanced technology vehicles to help reduce this dependency, which would contribute to the economic stability and homeland security of the United States. These advanced technology test vehicles include internal combustion engine vehicles operating on 100% hydrogen (H2) and H2CNG (compressed natural gas) blended fuels, hybrid electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, urban electric vehicles, and electric ground support vehicles. The AVTA tests and evaluates these vehicles with closed track and dynamometer testing methods (baseline performance testing) and accelerated reliability testing methods (accumulating lifecycle vehicle miles and operational knowledge within 1 to 1.5 years), and in normal fleet environments. The Arizona Public Service Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant and H2-fueled vehicles are demonstrating the feasibility of using H2 as a transportation fuel. Hybrid, neighborhood, and urban electric test vehicles are demonstrating successful applications of electric drive vehicles in various fleet missions. The AVTA is also developing electric ground support equipment (GSE) test procedures, and GSE testing will start during the fall of 2003. All of these activities are intended to support U.S. energy independence. The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory manages these activities for the AVTA.

James Francfort

2003-11-01

465

Automated leak test systems  

SciTech Connect

An automated leak test system for tritium shipping containers has been developed at Westinghouse Savannah River Co. (WSRC). The leak detection system employs a computer controlled helium detector which allows an operator to enter key information when prompted. The software for controlling the tests and the equipment apparatus were both designed and manufactured at the Savannah River Technology Center within WSRC. Recertification Test: Every twelve months, the pressure vessel portion of the shipping container itself must undergo a rigorous recertification leak test. After an empty pressure vessel (shipping container) is assembled, it is placed into one of six stainless steel belljars for helium leak testing. The belljars are fashioned in row much the same as assembly line arrangement. Post-load Test: A post-load leak test is performed upon reservoirs that have been filled with tritium and placed inside the shipping containers mentioned above. These leak tests are performed by a rate-of-rise method where the area around the shipping container seals is evacuated, valved off from the vacuum pump, and then the vacuum pressure is monitored over a two-minute period. The Post Load Leak Test is a quality verification test to ensure that the shipping container has been correctly assembled. 2 figs.

Cordaro, J.V.; Thompson, W.D.; Reeves, G.

1997-09-15

466

Standardizing boom test procedures  

SciTech Connect

The OHMSETT Interagency Technical Committee (OTIC) sponsored a combined series of in-tank and open-water tests of five booms that cover a wide range of sizes and design parameters. The tests were conducted at the United States Environmental Protection Agency's OHMSETT facility and in Sandy Hook Bay between November 1983 and May 1984. The in-tank tests measured the oil-holding performance of the boom; the open-water tests demonstrated the wave conformance and survivability. The objective was a correlation between the two sets of data. There were five in-tank tests for each boom using a standardized test matrix for oil-holding ability. Wave conformance and endurance were observed under controlled conditions. The results of this testing compared favorably with past tests performed in the tank. The five booms were deployed in the bay from 14 to 27 days, depending on the weather, and were videotaped to document their approximate sea-state limits. The wave conformance of the 500-ft booms deployed in the bay was similar to the conformance of the 100-ft lengths used in the tank, but lack of conformance was more obvious in the bay tests. The in-tank endurance tests did not correlate as well as expected with the open-water testing. Additional testing to obtain both waveform and boom motion data is scheduled for the fall of 1984. These tests are designed to determine the minimum instrumentation and analysis needed to obtain acceptable measurements of boom response in irregular seas.

Borst, M.; Lichte, H.W.

1984-09-01

467

Test d'Affichages LCD (LCD Display Tests).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main characteristics of a display are discussed. The way in which a test procedure can be established is presented. Two kinds of tests procedures can be distinguished: certification tests and acceptance tests. The tests can be classified as reliabilit...

R. Jeanmonod

1991-01-01

468

Tests, testing, and tested - we need to critically evaluate the meaning of tests in psychiatry  

PubMed Central

This article describes clinical pitfalls in our concepts of what it means for an illness, diagnosis, or evaluation and treatment methods to say that they have been “tested”. This articles begins with the problems encountered in newborn testing for Krabbe Disease of the nervous system in New York State over the last few years as an example of a test that did not live up to its promise to help the society. Next, the article gives 3 examples of testing in psychiatry, 1. Psychological testing to make treatment decisions in children with depression, 2. Patient's and parents who have been told, or believe, that they have Asperger's disorder, and 3. The conclusions made about the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy based on clinical studies. The article's conclusion sums up these examples as reasons why we need to have a more practical and scientific approach to our understanding and implementation of tests used in our field.

Berger, Douglas M.

2013-01-01

469

Advanced Technology Vehicle Testing  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is to increase the body of knowledge as well as the awareness and acceptance of electric drive and other advanced technology vehicles (ATV). The AVTA accomplishes this goal by testing ATVs on test tracks and dynamometers (Baseline Performance testing), as well as in real-world applications (Fleet and Accelerated Reliability testing and public demonstrations). This enables the AVTA to provide Federal and private fleet managers, as well as other potential ATV users, with accurate and unbiased information on vehicle performance and infrastructure needs so they can make informed decisions about acquiring and operating ATVs. The ATVs currently in testing include vehicles that burn gaseous hydrogen (H2) fuel and hydrogen/CNG (H/CNG) blended fuels in internal combustion engines (ICE), and hybrid electric (HEV), urban electric, and neighborhood electric vehicles. The AVTA is part of DOE's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program.

James Francfort

2004-06-01

470

Tests, testing, and tested - we need to critically evaluate the meaning of tests in psychiatry.  

PubMed

This article describes clinical pitfalls in our concepts of what it means for an illness, diagnosis, or evaluation and treatment methods to say that they have been "tested". This articles begins with the problems encountered in newborn testing for Krabbe Disease of the nervous system in New York State over the last few years as an example of a test that did not live up to its promise to help the society. Next, the article gives 3 examples of testing in psychiatry, 1. Psychological testing to make treatment decisions in children with depression, 2. Patient's and parents who have been told, or believe, that they have Asperger's disorder, and 3. The conclusions made about the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy based on clinical studies. The article's conclusion sums up these examples as reasons why we need to have a more practical and scientific approach to our understanding and implementation of tests used in our field. PMID:23825862

Berger, Douglas M

2013-04-01

471

Dynamic impact testing with servohydraulic testing machines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design concept of “Crashworthiness” requires the information on material behaviour under dynamic impact loading in order to describe and predict the crash behaviour of structures. Especially the transport related industries, like car, railway or aircraft industry, pursue the concept of lightweight design for a while now. The materials' maximum constraint during loading is pushed to permanently increasing figures. This means in terms of crashworthiness that the process of energy absorption in structures and the mechanical behaviour of materials must well understood and can be described appropriately by material models. In close cooperation with experts from various industries and research institutes Instron has developed throughout the past years a new family of servohydraulic testing machines specifically designed to cope with the dynamics of high rate testing. Main development steps are reflected versus their experimental necessities.

Bardenheier, R.; Rogers, G.

2006-08-01

472

Test Particles, Test Modes and Drift Turbulence  

SciTech Connect

Strong electrostatic turbulence in magnetically confined plasmas is characterized by trapping or eddying of test particle trajectories produced by the ExB stochastic drift. Trapping is shown to produce non-standard statistics of trajectories: non-Gaussian distribution, memory effects and quasi-coherence. Two types of effects produced by trapping are analyzed. The first type concerns particle and energy transport and consists in very strong nonlinear modification of the diffusion coefficients. Anomalous diffusion regimes are obtained when the other components of the motion (particle collisions, plasma rotation, the motion along the confining magnetic field) do not destroy trajectory eddying. The second type of effects are evidenced by studying test modes on turbulent plasma. We show that trappyng provides the physical mechanism for the inverse cascade observed in drift turbulence.

Vlad, Madalina; Spineanu, Florin [National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics, P.O. Box MG-36, Magurele, Bucharest (Romania)

2008-10-15

473

Test Results for CSTR Test 4  

SciTech Connect

One of the 3 technologies currently being developed for the Savannah River Salt Waste Processing Program is the Small-Tank Tetraphenylborate Process (STTP). This process uses sodium tetraphenylborate to precipitate and remove radioactive Cs from the waste and monosodium titanate to sorb and remove radioactive Sr and actinides. ORNL is demonstrating this process at the 1:4000 scale using a 20-liter continuous-flow stirred tank reactor (CSTR) system. The primary goal of Test 4 was to verify that the STTP process could achieve and maintain the necessary Cs decontamination while TPB was actively decomposing. Even with TPB being decomposed by the off-normal conditions of this test, the decontaimination factor for {sup 137}Cs obtained for the filtrate from the Slurry Concentrating Tank ranged from 47,000 to 646,000, exceeding the WAC standard.

Lee, D.D.

2001-05-31

474

Automated Test Stand for HEV Capacitor Testing  

SciTech Connect

As capacitor manufacturers race to meet the needs of the hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) of the future, many trade-offs at the system level as well as the component level must be considered. Even though the ultra-capacitor has the spot light for recent research and development (R&D) for HEVs, the electrostatic capacitor is also the subject of R&D (for HEVs as well as wireless communications). The Department of Energy has funded the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Power Electronic and Electric Machinery Research Center to develop an automated test to aid in the independent testing of prototype electrostatic capacitors. This paper describes the design and development of such a stand.

Seiber, Larry Eugene [ORNL; Armstrong, Gary [Maverick Systems

2007-01-01

475

ANFO Cylinder Tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cylinder test data is reported for commercially available prilled ANFO (ammonium-nitrate\\/fuel-oil) at 0.93 g\\/cc density and ambient temperature. The tests were four-inch inner diameter, with wall-thickness and length scaled from the standard one-inch test (0.4 inch and 48 inch, respectively). The wall expansion was measured with a rotating mirror streak camera and the velocity was measured by fine-wire pin switches,

L. L. Davis; L. G. Hill

2002-01-01

476

Standardizing boom test procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The OHMSETT Interagency Technical Committee (OTIC) sponsored a combined series of in-tank and open-water tests of five booms that cover a wide range of sizes and design parameters. The tests were conducted at the United States Environmental Protection Agency's OHMSETT facility and in Sandy Hook Bay between November 1983 and May 1984. The in-tank tests measured the oil-holding performance of

M. Borst; H. W. Lichte

1984-01-01

477

Amos World Testing System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

AmosWorld Testing System is developed by Orley M. Amos, Jr., Professor of Economics at Oklahoma State University. The testing system allows users to retrieve up to ten multiple choice questions on various economics topics. Among the topics covered are scarcity, business cycles, GDP, money and unemployment. After the users have answered the multiple choice questions, the testing system will notify the users which of the questions were answered correctly. The site does not provide the correct answer for incorrect choices, however.

Amos, Orley M., 1954-.

1997-01-01

478

Testing Common Sense  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predictors of success in school, such as conventional psychometric intelligence (e.g., IQ) tests, are less predictive of success out of school. Even the most charitable estimates of the relation between intelligence test scores and real-world criteria such as job performance indicate that approximately three fourths of the variance in real-world performance is not accounted for by intelligence test performance. Researchers

Robert J. Sternberg; Richard K. Wagner; Wendy M. Williams; Joseph A. Horvath

1995-01-01

479

Trends in Drug Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the drug-testing industry, this is a time of new technologies and changes. There are various forms of lateral-flow devices\\u000a making drug testing easier and providing results in matters of minutes. Test matrices other than urine are being investigated\\u000a in which windows of detection can be narrowed to a few hours for detection of driving under the influence or be

Raphael C. Wong

480

Nondestructive testing techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comprehensive reference covering a broad range of techniques in nondestructive testing is presented. Based on years of extensive research and application at NASA and other government research facilities, the book provides practical guidelines for selecting the appropriate testing methods and equipment. Topics discussed include visual inspection, penetrant and chemical testing, nuclear radiation, sonic and ultrasonic, thermal and microwave, magnetic and electromagnetic techniques, and training and human factors. (No individual items are abstracted in this volume)

Bray, Don E.; McBride, Don

481

The edrophonium test.  

PubMed

Cholinesterase inhibitors (CEIs) have been known to improve strength in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) since the 1930s, and have been used as a diagnostic test since the early 1950s. The following review summarizes the history of edrophonium usage in myasthenia gravis, reviews the literature with regard to the method of performing the edrophonium test, and discusses the available information regarding sensitivity and specificity of the test with respect to diagnosis of MG. PMID:12870109

Pascuzzi, Robert M

2003-03-01

482

Catalase Test Protocol  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The catalase test is used to detect the presence of the enzyme catalase in bacteria. Catalase serves to neutralize the bactericidal effects of hydrogen peroxide. Its concentration in bacteria has been correlated with pathogenicity. This enzymatic test is essential in the scheme of identification for gram-positive organisms and certain gram-negative organisms. It is a primary test used in the differentiation of staphylococci and streptococci.

American Society For Microbiology;

2010-11-11

483

True or False? Tests Stink!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to help students become better test takers. It helps them feel more confident and less stressed before, during, and after the test. Section 1, "Tests? Blech!" discusses why it is necessary to test students. Section 2, "Test SOS," presents test-taking hints; top secret information about tests and student behavior during tests;…

Romain, Trevor; Verdick, Elizabeth

484

Testing of the structural evaluation test unit  

SciTech Connect

In the evaluation of the safety of radioactive material transportation it is important to consider the response of Type B packages to environments more severe than that prescribed by the hypothetical accident sequence in Title 10 Part 71 of the Code of Federal Regulations (NRC 1995). The impact event in this sequence is a 9-meter drop onto an essentially unyielding target, resulting in an impact velocity of 13.4 m/s. The behavior of 9 packages when subjected to impacts more severe than this is not well known. It is the purpose of this program to evaluate the structural response of a test package to these environments. Several types of structural response are considered. Of primary importance is the behavior of the package containment boundary, including the bolted closure and 0-rings. Other areas of concern are loss of shielding capability due to lead slump and the deceleration loading of package contents, that may cause damage to them. This type of information is essential for conducting accurate risk assessments on the transportation of radioactive materials. Currently very conservative estimates of the loss of package protection are used in these assessments. This paper will summarize the results of a regulatory impact test and three extra-regulatory impact tests on a sample package.

Ammerman, D.J.; Bobbe, J.G.

1995-12-31

485

Vertical Line Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students try to connect given points on a graph in a way that they will pass the vertical line test. If the points can't be made to pass the vertical line test, the student must adjust the points so they will pass the test. This activity allows students to explore the vertical line test for functions. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

2010-01-01

486

Leak test fitting  

DOEpatents

A hollow fitting for use in gas spectrometry leak testing of conduit joints is divided into two generally symmetrical halves along the axis of the conduit. A clip may quickly and easily fasten and unfasten the halves around the conduit joint under test. Each end of the fitting is sealable with a yieldable material, such as a piece of foam rubber. An orifice is provided in a wall of the fitting for the insertion or detection of helium during testing. One half of the fitting also may be employed to test joints mounted against a surface.

Pickett, Patrick T. (Kettering, OH)

1981-01-01

487

Forensic DNA testing.  

PubMed

Forensic DNA testing has a number of applications, including parentage testing, identifying human remains from natural or man-made disasters or terrorist attacks, and solving crimes. This article provides background information followed by an overview of the process of forensic DNA testing, including sample collection, DNA extraction, PCR amplification, short tandem repeat (STR) allele separation and sizing, typing and profile interpretation, statistical analysis, and quality assurance. The article concludes with discussions of possible problems with the data and other forensic DNA testing techniques. PMID:22135660

Butler, John M

2011-12-01

488

RSV antibody test  

MedlinePLUS

Respiratory syncytial virus antibody test; RSV serology ... Breese HC. Respiratory syncytial virus. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. Mandel, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of ...

489

Glucose tolerance test  

MedlinePLUS

Factors that may affect the test results: Acute stress (for example, from surgery or an infection) Vigorous exercise Several drugs may cause glucose intolerance, including: Atypical antipsychotic medications, ...

490

HIV Home Test Kits  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Testing for HIV. -. -. Related Information. HIV and AIDS Activities Consumer information for patients and patient advocates; ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/hivhometestkits

491

The stable bubble test.  

PubMed

Idiopathic Respiratory Distress Syndrome (I.R.D.S.) occurs mainly in preterm babies (Halliday and McClure, 1976). The cause of the condition is a deficiency of surfactant in the fetal lung. (Avery and Mead, 1959). The condition, if untreated, is associated with high fetal mortality. A simple test, The Bubble Stability Test, which can predict the possibility of I.R.D.S. occuring is now in use in the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka. An analysis of the use of the Bubble Stability Test in fifty cases is presented. In our series a positive Bubble Stability Test accurately predicted fetal lung maturity. PMID:878632

O'Dowd, M J; Chikamata, D M

492

A new exclusion test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exclusion tests are a well-known tool for obtaining all solutions of a nonlinear system of equations, see, e.g., the work of Krawczyk or Moore. Recently, Yamamura and collaborators have developed Linear Programming exclusion tests that turned out to be highly successful for nonlinear problems in electrical networking. The author has developed higher order exclusion tests based on Taylor expansions. In the present paper it is shown that the ideas behind both approaches can be combined: We present a new class of higher order Linear Programming exclusion tests, investigate their computational complexity, and illustrate their performance on several examples.

Georg, Kurt

2003-03-01

493

AMTEC Protosystem Test Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Phillips Laboratory Power and Thermal Management Division (PL/VTP), in conjunction with ORION International Technologies, initiated the Alkali Metal Thermal to Electric Conversion (AMTEC) Protosystem Test Program to evaluate the performance of AMTEC cells in a system configuration. Advanced Modular Power Systems (AMPS) and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) fabricated six geometrically identical cells for the program. Three different electrode/current collector material combinations appear in the six cells - two of each type. The six cells were tested individually in air using cartridge heaters. Three of the six cells were then wired in series and tested in air using cartridge heaters. This test sequence is being repeated in vacuum.

Schuller, Michael; Lemire, Robert; Reiners, Elinor

1994-07-01

494

Genetic testing of athletes.  

PubMed

This chapter addresses the potential use of genetic tests to predict performance and/or risk of exercise-related injury or illness. Various people may wish to conduct a sport-related genetic test on themselves, or on another person, for a variety of reasons. For example, an individual may seek personal genetic information to assist with choosing their own sporting participation or career. A sports coach may wish to test young team members to assist in selection for a professional career or to individualise training. A physician may want to predict risk of injury or illness in an athlete and advise regarding selection or preventative measures. An insurance company may seek to estimate risk of career-threatening injury or illness to an athlete based partly on genetic information. Despite the commercial availability of some genetic tests today, the evidence currently available suggests that few of these or similar scenarios are scientifically justified - the genetic tests available at the moment are simply not powerful enough to inform important decisions in sport. Furthermore, there are many challenging ethical issues to be addressed regarding genetic testing of athletes. The imposition of genetic tests on individuals by third parties, and particularly the imposition of genetic tests on young people, is potentially susceptible to abuse. There should be considerable further debate regarding these issues so that the tests already available, and the more powerful ones that are likely to emerge as knowledge and genetic technology improve, are only used in acceptable ways. PMID:19696515

Williams, Alun G; Wackerhage, Henning

2009-08-17

495

Flushable reagent stool blood test  

MedlinePLUS

Stool occult blood test - flushable home test; Fecal occult blood test - flushable home test ... This test is performed at home with disposable pads. The pads are available at pharmacies without a prescription. Brand ...

496

Solid-Fuel Stove Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Stove testing is important and necessary. Lab tests provide valuable information, but are inadequate for predicting field performance. Field tests are needed, including controlled cooking test protocols and kitchen performance test protocols. The objectiv...

J. Jetter

2009-01-01

497

Test Reviewing in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The proper use of psychological tests requires that the measurement instruments have adequate psychometric properties, such as reliability and validity, and that the professionals who use the instruments have the necessary expertise. In this article, we present the first review of tests published in Spain, carried out with an assessment model…

Muniz, Jose; Fernandez-Hermida, Jose R.; Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo; Campillo-Alvarez, Angela; Pena-Suarez, Elsa

2012-01-01

498

Testing linguistic minorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suggests that psychological and educational testing of members of linguistic minority groups should take into account the diverse social, political, and economic realities currently facing these groups. These realities are moderated by educational opportunities, which in turn are closely linked to various forms of standardized testing. Key conceptual and operational issues underlying concern about this situation are described. Conceptual issues

Esteban L. Olmedo

1981-01-01

499

Coaxial test fixture  

DOEpatents

An assembly is provided for testing one or more contact material samples in a vacuum environment. The samples are positioned as an inner conductive cylinder assembly which is mounted for reciprocal vertical motion as well as deflection from a vertical axis. An outer conductive cylinder is coaxially positioned around the inner cylinder and test specimen to provide a vacuum enclosure therefor. A power source needed to drive test currents through the test specimens is connected to the bottom of each conductive cylinder, through two specially formed conductive plates. The plates are similar in form, having a plurality of equal resistance current paths connecting the power source to a central connecting ring. The connecting rings are secured to the bottom of the inner conductive assembly and the outer cylinder, respectively. A hydraulic actuator is also connected to the bottom of the inner conductor assembly to adjust the pressure applied to the test specimens during testing. The test assembly controls magnetic forces such that the current distribution through the test samples is symmetrical and that contact pressure is not reduced or otherwise disturbed.

Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)

1986-01-01

500

A mechanics baseline test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reports the design of the "Mechanics Baseline Test," an instrument to assess students' understandings about concepts in mechanics. Discusses how comparisons of test results with extensive baseline data can be used to evaluate instruction at all levels. Includes a copy of the instrument.

Hestenes, David; Wells, Malcolm

2005-10-27