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1

GED Testing Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This GED Testing fact sheet provides information on: (1) GED[R] Tests; (2) Versions and Editions of the GED Tests; (3) Earning a Credential; (4) GED Testing Service[R]; (5) History of the GED Tests; (6) Who Accepts the GED Credential; (7) Public/Private Partnership of GEDTS; (8) Renowned GED Credential Recipients; (9) GED Testing Numbers for 2008;…

GED Testing Service, 2009

2009-01-01

2

Labor Market Impacts of the GED[R] Test Credential on High School Dropouts: Longitudinal Evidence from NLSY97. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2011-2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ever since achieving a high school credential by passing the GED[R] test became widely institutionalized through adult education programs in the United States, outcomes for GED test credential recipients have continued to be of great interest to the adult education community and the general public. Very few studies of GED test credential

Song, Wei

2011-01-01

3

Young GED[R] Credential Recipients in the 21st Century: A Snapshot from NLSY97  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ever since achieving a high school credential by passing the GED Tests became widely institutionalized through the adult education programs in the United States, the outcomes for GED credential recipients have continued to be of great interest to the adult education community and the general public. Does earning a GED credential bring positive…

Song, Wei; Patterson, Margaret Becker

2011-01-01

4

Young GED Examinees and Their Performance on the GED Tests. GED Testing Service Research Studies, 2009-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GED [General Educational Development] Tests offer many young adults who have left school a second chance to gain a credential, yet many educators have concerns about policies for very young test-takers and how they perform on the GED Tests. The GED Testing Service sets the absolute minimum age for taking the GED Tests at 16 years of age. However,…

Zhang, Jizhi; Han, Mee Young; Patterson, Margaret Becker

2009-01-01

5

Crossing the Bridge: GED Credentials and Postsecondary Educational Outcomes. Year One Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most high school non-completers, the GED[R] credential provides a bridge to postsecondary education, but little is known about how successfully GED (General Educational Development) Test candidates make that transition and whether enrollment rates change with time. The American Council on Education (ACE) has begun a three-year longitudinal…

Patterson, Margaret Becker; Zhang, Jizhi; Song, Wei; Guison-Dowdy, Anne

2010-01-01

6

Examinee and High School Senior Performance on the GED Tests: A Detailed Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1971, nearly four million adults have qualified for a high school equivalency credential based on General Educational Development (GED) test results. During Spring 1980 two major studies were undertaken by the GED Testing Service: (1) the U.S. High School Norming Study involving the administration of the GED Tests to a representative sample…

Malizio, Andrew G.; Whitney, Douglas R.

7

The GED Testing Program. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Tests of General Educational Development (GED Tests) are described. Developed in 1942 for military personnel who had not graduated from high school, the GED Tests enabled veterans to qualify for jobs or enter college. More than 10 million persons have earned GED Test diplomas since 1971. There are five parts to the GED Tests: (1) Writing…

Russell, Linda

8

GED Items. The Newsletter of the GED Testing Service, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the five issues of the newsletter of the General Educational Development (GED) Testing Service: January/February, March/April, May/June, September/October, and November/December. Each issue contains information of interest to users of the GED examinations. The feature article for the January/February issue is "Next…

American Council on Education, Washington, DC. General Educational Development Testing Service.

9

Journeys through College: Postsecondary Transitions and Outcomes of GED[R] Test Passers. Follow-Up Report, Crossing the Bridge, Year Two  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1990s, a wealth of literature has compared the benefits of having a GED[R] test credential versus a traditional high school diploma or no high school credential, with an early emphasis on economic impact. One advantage of passing the GED test lies in its ability to open doors to the postsecondary system. Nearly two-thirds of U.S.…

Guison-Dowdy, Anne; Patterson, Margaret Becker

2011-01-01

10

GED[R] Candidate Computer Familiarity Survey. GED Testing Service Research Studies, 2006-2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As GED (General Educational Development) Testing Service considers the feasibility of a computer administration of the GED Tests, one issue being considered is the difference in costs of supplying only a computer-based format vs. offering both computer-based and paper formats of the GED Tests. A significant concern then arises as to whether…

George-Ezzelle, Carol E.; Hsu, Yung-chen

2006-01-01

11

GED Candidates and Their Postsecondary Educational Outcomes: A Pilot Study. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most high school non-completers, the GED[R] credential is the bridge to postsecondary education, but little is known about how successfully they could make that transition and whether their participation shifts across time. The American Council on Education (ACE) has begun a three-year longitudinal study to understand the effect of the GED

Patterson, Margaret Becker; Song, Wei; Zhang, Jizhi

2009-01-01

12

Examinee and High School Senior Performance on the GED[R] Tests. GED Testing Service Research Studies, 2007-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the analyses reported in this paper was to compare performance on the GED (General Educational Development) Tests, U.S. edition, across three groups of examinees: (a) graduating high school seniors in the GED Tests U.S. 2001 norm group, (b) GED Tests candidates who took one or more tests in the U.S. in 2002-2004, and (c) GED Tests

George-Ezzelle, Carol E.; Hsu, Yung-chen

2007-01-01

13

Transitioning the GED[R] Mathematics Test to Computer with and without Accommodations: A Pilot Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted a pilot study to see how the GED Mathematics Test could be administered on computer with embedded accessibility tools. We examined test scores and test-taker experience. Nineteen GED test centers across five states and 216 randomly assigned GED Tests candidates participated in the project. GED candidates completed two GED mathematics…

Patterson, Margaret Becker; Higgins, Jennifer; Bozman, Martha; Katz, Michael

2011-01-01

14

Success Rates of GED Credential Recipients and High School Graduates: A Comparative Study of Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a statistically significant difference in collegiate success rates of GED credential recipients and high school graduates in community colleges. Data obtained from the Kentucky Community and Technical College System (KCTCS) PeopleSoft system at Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical…

Adams, James Victor

2011-01-01

15

1990 Statistical Report. GED. Tests of General Educational Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven tables and five graphs present statistical data concerning the Tests of General Educational Development Program (GED Testing Program) in 1990. Data for each state and Canadian province are included. The tables present data on the following topics: testing volumes (i.e., number of people tested), percentage of people tested by age group,…

American Council on Education, Washington, DC. General Educational Development Testing Service.

16

Measurement of High School Equivalency Credentials in Census Bureau Surveys. SEHSD Working Paper Number 2012-3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Census Bureau has historically grouped high school diploma holders along with those who hold "high school equivalent" credentials. Among these is the credential earned through successfully passing the General Education Development (GED) test. Interest in identifying those with GEDs has recently increased, in part from debate within the…

Crissey, Sarah R.; Bauman, Kurt J.

2012-01-01

17

Reliability Analysis for the Internationally Administered 2002 Series GED Tests. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reliability Analysis for the Internationally Administered 2002 Series GED (General Educational Development) Tests Reliability refers to the consistency, or stability, of test scores when the authors administer the measurement procedure repeatedly to groups of examinees (American Educational Research Association [AERA], American Psychological…

Setzer, J. Carl; He, Yi

2009-01-01

18

GED Candidates and Their Postsecondary Educational Outcomes: A Pilot Study. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-5. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most high school non-completers, the GED[R] (General Educational Development) credential is the bridge to postsecondary education, but little is known about how successfully they could make that transition and whether their participation shifts across time. The American Council on Education (ACE) has begun a three-year longitudinal study to…

Patterson, Margaret Becker; Song, Wei; Zhang, Jizhi

2009-01-01

19

Examining the Feasibility and Effect of Transitioning GED Tests to Computer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the feasibility of administering GED Tests using a computer based testing system with embedded accessibility tools and the impact on test scores and test-taker experience when GED Tests are transitioned from paper to computer. Nineteen test centers across five states successfully installed the computer based testing program,…

Higgins, Jennifer; Patterson, Margaret Becker; Bozman, Martha; Katz, Michael

2010-01-01

20

Frequently Asked Questions: Altered Plans for GED Test, 5th Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a list of frequently asked questions about the 5th Edition GED (General Educational Development) Test. This paper answers the following questions: (1) With the announcement of altered plans for a 5th Edition GED Test release, will the current 2002 test series continue beyond January 1, 2012?; (2) What should I tell the public,…

GED Testing Service, 2009

2009-01-01

21

Colorado GED Study. How Colorado Graduates Benefit from Passing the GED Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1996, follow-up questionnaires were mailed to a racially and ethnically stratified sample of 328 Coloradans who had earned General Educational Development (GED) diplomas in October-December 1995. Although responses were received from 235 (70%) of those surveyed, the response rates for African-Americans and Asian/Pacific Islanders were too low…

Lance, Keith Curry

22

The GED as a Measure of Readiness for Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the use of the General Educational Development (GED) credential as a measure of readiness for employment. Section I provides a summary of research in this area. The literature review revealed that very little research is available on how employers treat the GED when hiring and promoting employees, that GED holders in the U.S.…

Pawasarat, John; Quinn, Lois M.

23

Who benefits from a GED? Evidence for females from High School and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the labor market value of the General Educational Development (GED) credential for females, questioning two implicit assumptions that have been employed in earlier studies. We show that providing access to work experience may be a critical mechanism through which education credentials impart labor market value and that the labor market value of the GED credential depends on

John H. Tyler; Richard J. Murnane; John B. Willett

2003-01-01

24

Mathematics: Algebra and Geometry. GED Scoreboost.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GED "Scoreboost" materials target exactly the skills one needs to pass the General Educational Development (GED) tests. This book focuses on the GED Mathematics test. To prepare for the test, the test taker needs to learn skills in number and operation sense, data and statistics, geometry and measurement, and algebra. To pass the test, the test

Hoyt, Cathy

25

Characteristics of GED Recipients in High School: 2002-06. Issue Brief. NCES 2012-025  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The General Educational Development (GED) credential is often considered to be the equivalent of a high school diploma for students who do not graduate from high school. A GED credential can expand opportunities in the labor market (Song and Hsu 2008) and in postsecondary education for those who obtain it. Nearly all postsecondary institutions (98…

Malkus, Nathaniel; Sen, Anindita

2011-01-01

26

Who Benefits from Obtaining a GED? Evidence from High School and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the value of the GED credential and the conventional high school diploma in explaining the earnings of 27-year-old males in the early 1990s. The data base is the High School and Beyond sophomore cohort. We replicate the basic findings of prior studies that implicitly assume the labor market value of the GED credential does not depend on

Richard J. Murnane; John B. Willett; John H. Tyler

2000-01-01

27

Who Benefits from Obtaining a GED? Evidence from High School and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the value of the GED credential and the conventional high school diploma in explaining the earnings of 27-year-old males in the early 1990s. The data base is the High School & Beyond sophomore cohort. We replicate the basic findings of prior studies that implicitly assume the labor market value of the GED credential does not depend on

Richard J. Murnane; John B. Willett; John H. Tyler

1999-01-01

28

Mathematics: Measurement and Data Analysis. GED Scoreboost.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GED "Scoreboost" materials target exactly the skills one needs to pass the General Educational Development (GED) tests. This book focuses on preparing for the GED mathematics test. It provides 16 strategies for developing the skills needed for measurement and data analysis. These are: (1) review the standard units of measurement; (2) review the…

Hoyt, Cathy

29

An Analysis of Calculator Use and Strategy Selection by Prison Inmates Taking the Official GED Practice Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to determine whether adult students incarcerated at a large correctional facility in New England use the provided scientific calculator appropriately when taking the Official GED Practice Test in mathematics. 13 students were interviewed after taking a practice test and asked for their strategy for solving each problem.…

Stahl, Nathaniel

2011-01-01

30

GED Learners. NetNews. Volume 6, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GED (General Educational Development) learners are a diverse group--just like ABE (Adult Basic Education) and ESL (English as a second language) learners. For some, passing the GED tests closes the door on a history of defeat and failure and allows them to move ahead personally. Achieving the goal of passing all five GED tests is not easy for some…

LDA of Minnesota, 2006

2006-01-01

31

Thinking Skills: Critical Thinking for Reading, Social Studies, and Science. GED Scoreboost.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GED "Scoreboost" materials target exactly the skills one needs to pass the General Educational Development (GED) tests. This book focuses on the thinking skills needed to pass GED tests in Reading, Social Studies, and Science. The test taker will need to succeed with GED questions that involve comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and…

Castellucci, Marion

32

Comparison of the Psychometric Properties of Several Computer-Based Test Designs for Credentialing Exams with Multiple Purposes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many credentialing agencies today are either administering their examinations by computer or are likely to be doing so in the coming years. Unfortunately, although several promising computer-based test designs are available, little is known about how well they function in examination settings. The goal of this study was to compare fixed-length…

Jodoin, Michael G.; Zenisky, April; Hambleton, Ronald K.

2006-01-01

33

Study of the CASAS Relationship to GED 2002. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CASAS, in cooperation with the CASAS National Consortium Policy Council, conducted a study to provide guidance to program and instructional staff regarding student readiness to take the GED Tests. The study looked at the relationship of CASAS reading and math scores to official 2002 GED test results from five states--California, Hawaii, Iowa,…

CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (NJ1), 2003

2003-01-01

34

GED Students versus Traditional High School Students: How Do the GED Graduates Perform after the First Semester of Attendance at a Rural Community College?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if freshman students based on their age, ethnicity, and gender who enter a community college with a GED credential will have a higher cumulative grade point average (GPA) after their first semester than traditional high school graduates. Findings from this study will aid individuals in developing a more…

Akins, Ericka

2009-01-01

35

As a Path to a Degree, the GED Is Rerouted with Students' Needs in Mind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many community colleges, along with some public-school districts and family-literacy programs, are overhauling their GED curricula and support services. Nearly 40 million American adults do not have high-school or GED diplomas, according to 2009 data from the American Council on Education, which developed the GED test. Another of the council's…

Sieben, Lauren

2011-01-01

36

GED Math--A Computer Assisted Mathematics Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first document in this set is a final report titled "Preparation for the Mathematics GED Test: A Computer Based Program," which describes a project to develop a General Educational Development (GED) mathematics preparation program for the adult learner at the 9-12 grade level. The other two documents are a teacher's guide and a student…

Zellers, Robert W.; And Others

37

GED Program on Campus Works.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The General Educational Development (GED) program at Shawnee State Community College originated from a request by the local Private Industry Council to design and implement a course of study for economically disadvantaged adults who desire to prepare to take the GED exam and who meet eligibility requirements. The program, which evolved within the…

Beckett, Gene

38

Beyond the GED: Making Conscious Choices about the GED and Your Future. Lesson Plans and Materials for the GED Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use by General Educational Development (GED) program teachers in GED classrooms, this set of learning materials provide learners with practice in graph and chart reading, calculation, analyzing information, and writing, while they examine the labor market, role of higher education, and economic impact of the GED. Unit 1, The Labor…

Fass, Sara; Garner, Barbara

39

Factors Influencing GED Scores of Male U.S. Army Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were collected from 193 male Army personnel who took the final unit of the General Educational Development (GED) test. Statistical analysis indicated that 11 of the 13 variables were significantly related to GED scores, and at least five (General-Technical score; reading habits involving Army publications, magazines, books, and newspapers)…

Trent, Curtis; Cabanillas, Franklyn M.

1981-01-01

40

GED Intensive Study Guide. A 353 Special Project Report. September 1, 1989 to June 30, 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted at the Adult Learning Center in Erie, Pennsylvania, to help clients who had recently failed (and almost passed) the General Educational Development (GED) examination to reapply themselves to specific curriculum materials, correct deficiencies, and retake the GED test. Intense guidance was provided to each student in the…

Erie City School District, PA.

41

Competence without Credentials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These workshop papers address the challenges of alternative credentials, new modes of instruction, and multiple sources of instruction. Following an introduction by Nevzer G. Stacey, "Competence without Credentials: Promise and Potential Problems of Computer-Based Distance Education" (Stephen R. Barley) provides a conceptual framework for the…

Stacey, Nevzer G., Ed.

42

GED as Project: Pathways to Passing the GED. Volume 1: Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide describes development of the problem-based approach of GED as project. It is Volume 1 of a proposed four-volume series. Section 1 describes the concept of GED as project, thinking and problem solving, successful intelligence, and integration of content and skills. Section 2 covers GED as project implementation using learning projects…

James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA. Workforce Improvement Network.

43

Beyond the GED: Making Conscious Choices about the GED and Your Future. Lesson Plans and Materials for the GED  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Newly revised to include new data and information on the Internet, this guide for GED instructors offers lesson plans and helps teachers develop as professionals. It also gives adult learners an opportunity to practice writing, use graphs, read charts, and analyze research findings on the economic impact of the GED. The original version of this…

Fass, Sara; Garner, Barbara; Barry, Eileen

2006-01-01

44

GED Revision Opens Path to Higher Ed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The General Educational Development program, or GED, is undergoing the biggest revamping in its 69-year history, driven by mounting recognition that young adults' future success depends on getting more than a high-school-level education. Potent forces have converged to stoke the GED's redesign. A labor market that increasingly seeks some…

Gewertz, Catherine

2011-01-01

45

Comparison of College Performance of General Educational Development (GED) and High School Diploma Students in Nova Scotia and PEI. Now and Tomorrow Excellence in Everything We Do. SP-978-01-11E  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify differences in performance if any, between learners with a high school diploma, and those with a GED credential, at two postsecondary institutions, Holland College on Prince Edward Island (PEI) and Nova Scotia Community College in Nova Scotia (NS). Of interest is how these adults perform in a postsecondary…

Penner, Audrey J.

2011-01-01

46

Credential inflation and educational strategies: A comparison of the United States and the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the trend in the effect of education on social class attainment, and uses this information to test hypotheses on the impact of credential inflation on educational decision making in the United States and the Netherlands. After having shown evidence for credential inflation of three educational transitions, it was shown that credential inflation between two generations increased the

Herman G. Van de Werfhorst

2009-01-01

47

First Semester College Performance of G.E.D. Testees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first semester college performances of 170 students who had received a G.E.D. high school certificate were examined. In addition, the usefulness of the G.E.D. for predicting college success during the first semester of enrollment was evaluated. A stepwise multiple regression procedure revealed that G.E.D. scores were not useful in predicting…

Rogers, George W., Jr.

48

GED Preparation through Distance Learning in Rural Pennsylvania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the types, use, and effectiveness of distance learning (DL) for General Education Development (GED) candidates in rural Pennsylvania. The research goal was to provide information for enhancing DL GED study options. Specifically, the study, which was conducted in 2009-2010, sought to: identify the types and use of GED

Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gungor, Ramazan; Kassab, Cathy

2011-01-01

49

Arkansas GED Mathematics Instruction: History Repeating Itself.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the current status of the delivery of mathematics instruction in General Educational Development (GED) programs in Arkansas and the relationship between the instructor's experience and background, instructional practices, support of mathematics reform, and professional involvement. The experience/background, teaching…

Ward, Judy

50

G.E.D. in 3 Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this piece, the author experiments with re-presenting particular stories through poetic texts that contextualize and honor difference in experience between GED students and instructors. These poetic re-presentations stem from an ongoing study that explores (a) adult basic education instructors' perceptions of their pedagogy and interaction with…

Davis, C. Amelia

2012-01-01

51

Counselor Credentialing and Interprofessional Collaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents history and development of counselor credentialing, including dimensions of standards, accreditation, certification, and licensure. Analyzes unresolved issues critical to the success of interprofessional collaboration. Offers predictions for future of nonmedical health professions. (Author/ABL)

Brooks, David K., Jr.; Gerstein, Lawrence H.

1990-01-01

52

American RadioWorks: Second-Chance Diploma: Examining the GED  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many have heard of the General Educational Development (GED) test, but it might remain something of a mystery. Those who take this exam are hoping to have a second chance to finish high school (in a manner of speaking) and the thought is that it will lead to a better job or further education. This fascinating documentary takes a look at the world of the GED and it is presented by the American RadioWorks organization. The documentary is divided into seven chapters, including The History of the GED and The Problem with the GED. One section that should not be missed is the Academy of Hope. Here visitors can learn about an informal place in Washington, D.C. that provides adults with the tutoring and support necessary to pass this exam. It's a great piece for anyone with an interest in education policy in the United States and it's certainly one that is worth sharing with other educators and like-minded folks.

2013-09-01

53

GED Credibility and Acceptability. A Section 310 Special Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the attitudes of Pennsylvania employers toward General Educational Development (GED) programs and the employment experiences of persons who have earned a GED certificate. The first of the study's surveys was mailed to 100 employers (including the 50 largest) throughout the state. Based on the surveys returned, the study sample was…

Adult Education Linkage Services, Troy, PA.

54

Emotional Maturity of Adolescents and Adults in GED Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When discussing issues relating to students in General Educational Development (GED) Option and pre-GED programs with educators, the contention exists that it is possible to make reasonably accurate predictions on the success or failure of a student by observing a number of items. Looking at their cumulative records shows their academic and…

Riffle, Billy Joe

2010-01-01

55

Perceptions of Program Impact: ABE/GED in Maryland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted among adults enrolled in adult basic education (ABE) General Educational Development (GED) courses to determine their perceptions of the impact of the ABE/GED programs on their employment/economic position, skill and knowledge acquisition, community involvement, attitudinal changes, personal relationships, and continuing…

Walker, Sharon M.; And Others

56

Distance Learning for GED[R] Students in Rural Pennsylvania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although many adult basic education programs offer distance learning (DL) for GED (General Educational Development) and English as a Second Language learners, this topic has received little scholarly attention. This article examines the availability, usage, and effectiveness of DL for rural GED candidates in Pennsylvania; students' demographic and…

Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gungor, Ramazan; Kassab, Cathy

2012-01-01

57

The Economic Benefits of the GED: A Research Synthesis. NCSALL Research Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economic benefits of the General Educational Development certificate (GED) were examined through a review of four published papers and four unpublished working papers on the GED's benefits. Key findings were as follows: (1) a GED provides economic benefits only to low-skilled dropouts; (2) economic benefits of a GED appear over time--often…

Tyler, John H.

58

Credentialism in Our Ignorant Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All societies have procedures for selecting who will occupy important positions. The use of credentials characterizes our system of social selection, and our worship of them has created the following problems: an artificial demand for education, artificial restraints to learning, the overlooking of obsolescence, generational inversion (wherein the…

Marien, Michael

59

A comparison of food policy and practice reporting between credentialed and noncredentialed Ohio school foodservice directors.  

PubMed

With rising childhood obesity rates and the increasing complexity of the school food environment, practitioners working in school nutrition need adequate preparation for their responsibilities. School foodservice directors (SFSDs) vary widely in their academic preparation, and there are no established standards for individuals in this occupation. Credentialing provides a way in which baseline knowledge of SFSDs can be established; however, little is known about the influence of such credentials on food-related policies and practices in public schools. Our cross-sectional study compared the reported food policies and practices between credentialed and noncredentialed SFSDs within all districts (N=364) of the Ohio public school system during the 2009-2010 school year. Using a Likert-type format, policy and practice scores were measured by asking participants to respond to statements adapted from the School Health Index assessment tool. Differences in the policy and practice scores reported by SFSDs holding a food-related credential and those not holding a credential were determined by t test. Results indicated that respondents with a food-related credential were more likely to report both comprehensive food-related policies (14.51 vs 13.39; range=0 to 21) and practices (33.86 vs 32.50; range=0 to 39). These findings support the value of credentialing SFSDs. However, further research is required to establish which credential provides the optimal match in the provision of high quality nutrition care to schoolchildren. PMID:23000026

Mincher, Jeanine L; Symons, Cynthia W; Thompson, Amy

2012-12-01

60

Voluntary Professional Credentialing Programs. A Resource Handbook for Continuing Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook describes 77 voluntary programs offering professional credentialing for people in a wide range of professional and occupational fields. Each description lists credentials, organization offering credentials, initial credentialing requirements, credential renewal requirements (if any), continuing education approval process, and other…

Hanniford, Barbara, Ed.

61

Transitioning GED and ESOL (ESL) Students into Community College. Rio Salado College ABE Transition Program, Fiscal Year 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, Rio Salado College in Tempe, Arizona, established a transition program to help students in General Educational Development (GED) test preparation and English-for-Speakers-of-Other-Languages (ESOL) classes make a successful transition to community college. As of the end of the transition program's second year, it had developed into an…

Harrington, Jeanne Belisle

62

The Level of Persistence in High School Drop-Outs Enrolled in the GED Program at a Rural Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to identify factors that affect students' persistence in completion of the GED. Exploration of characteristics of participants that do/do not persist and obtain their GED assists the high school dropout, potential GED recipient, GED program staff, and society as a whole. More information was needed in order to…

McCaskill-Mitchell, Sonja

2009-01-01

63

Andragogical Methods and Readiness for the Correctional GED Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational experience for an inmate is part of an ethos of personal restriction. Within the social and physical restriction of prison, the research assessed the extent to which andragogical treatment could influence inmate mood and behavior in the classroom. The need to improve inmate readiness for the Federal Bureau of Prisons mandatory GED

Alewine, Hollisa S.

2010-01-01

64

Estimating ‘Value at Risk’ of crude oil price and its spillover effect using the GED-GARCH approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimation has been carried out using GARCH-type models, based on the Generalized Error Distribution (GED), for both the extreme downside and upside Value-at-Risks (VaR) of returns in the WTI and Brent crude oil spot markets. Furthermore, according to a new concept of Granger causality in risk, a kernel-based test is proposed to detect extreme risk spillover effect between the two

Ying Fan; Yue-Jun Zhang; Hsien-Tang Tsai; Yi-Ming Wei

2008-01-01

65

Who believes us when we try to conceal our prejudices? The effectiveness of moral credentials with in-groups versus out-groups.  

PubMed

Moral credentials are pieces of evidence accrued by individuals that can later be presented, intentionally or unintentionally, as a record of their lack of prejudice (B. Monin & D. T. Miller, 2001). For example, attending a gay pride march or being an openly gay person ostensibly credentials an individual to tell gay jokes free of concern that he or she will be labeled prejudiced. The authors tested whether displays of moral credentials actually work to insulate individuals from attributions of prejudice by others. Results indicated that displays of moral credentials generally discourage attributions of discrimination but unevenly so, depending on who makes the judgment. Consistent with predictions from social identity theory (H. Tajfel & J. C. Turner, 1979), participants most swayed by displays of moral credentials were those who shared an in-group status with the person displaying the moral credentials. PMID:19058658

Krumm, Angela J; Corning, Alexandra F

2008-12-01

66

Moral Credentialing and the Rationalization of Misconduct.  

PubMed

Recent studies lead to the paradoxical conclusion that the act of affirming one's egalitarian or pro-social values and virtues might subsequently facilitate prejudiced or self-serving behavior, an effect previously referred to as "moral credentialing." The present study extends this paradox to the domain of academic misconduct and investigates the hypothesis that such an effect might be limited by the extent to which misbehavior is rationalizable. Using a paradigm designed to investigate deliberative and rationalized forms of cheating (von Hippel, Lakin, & Shakarchi, 2005), we found that when participants had credentialed themselves (versus a non-close acquaintance) via a set of hypothetical moral dilemmas, they were more likely to cheat on a subsequent math task, but only if cheating was highly rationalizable. When cheating was difficult to rationalize, moral credentialing had almost no impact on cheating. PMID:21503267

Brown, Ryan P; Tamborski, Michael; Wang, Xiaoqian; Barnes, Collin D; Mumford, Michael D; Connelly, Shane; Devenport, Lynn D

2011-01-01

67

Moral Credentialing and the Rationalization of Misconduct  

PubMed Central

Recent studies lead to the paradoxical conclusion that the act of affirming one’s egalitarian or pro-social values and virtues might subsequently facilitate prejudiced or self-serving behavior, an effect previously referred to as “moral credentialing.” The present study extends this paradox to the domain of academic misconduct and investigates the hypothesis that such an effect might be limited by the extent to which misbehavior is rationalizable. Using a paradigm designed to investigate deliberative and rationalized forms of cheating (von Hippel, Lakin, & Shakarchi, 2005), we found that when participants had credentialed themselves (versus a non-close acquaintance) via a set of hypothetical moral dilemmas, they were more likely to cheat on a subsequent math task, but only if cheating was highly rationalizable. When cheating was difficult to rationalize, moral credentialing had almost no impact on cheating.

Brown, Ryan P.; Tamborski, Michael; Wang, Xiaoqian; Barnes, Collin D.; Mumford, Michael D.; Connelly, Shane; Devenport, Lynn D.

2010-01-01

68

46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169...SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

2013-10-01

69

Setting Course: The Case for the Credentialing of Forensic Interviewers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article provides a history of efforts to develop a credentialing or certification process for forensic interviewers and reviews the multitiered credentialing process offered by the National Association of Certified Child Forensic Interviewers. The authors argue the benefits of a credentialing process for forensic interviewers and respond to…

Haney, Mike; Vieth, Victor I.; Campos, Hector M.

2010-01-01

70

Perceptions of Online Credentials for School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the perceptions of human resource directors in the USA about online credentials earned by K-12 school principals and principal candidates. Design/methodology/approach: In this mixed methods study, a survey was sent to a random sample of 500 human resource directors in K-12 school districts…

Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott; Dikkers, Amy Garrett

2011-01-01

71

Credentialing for nurse practitioners: an update.  

PubMed

The public has the right to safe, quality healthcare delivered by professionals with the appropriate education, training, and experience. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, the Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Healthcare, and managed care organizations take this commitment very seriously. One mechanism required by these agencies to ensure patient safety is the process of credentialing and delineation of clinical privileges for medical staff and allied health professionals, such as Acute Care Nurse Practitioners. This commitment extends to patients receiving healthcare through the technology of telemedicine and to those requiring emergency care resulting from trauma, disasters, and varying forms of terrorism. In addition, safeguards must be in place to prevent identity theft of healthcare providers, including Acute Care Nurse Practitioners. It is essential that Acute Care Nurse Practitioners be familiar with the regulations that impact and guide the process of credentialing and obtaining clinical privileges in a variety of venues. PMID:15714014

Magdic, Kathy S; Hravnak, Marilyn; McCartney, Sharon

2005-01-01

72

Credentialing for participation in clinical trials  

PubMed Central

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) clinical cooperative groups have been instrumental over the past 50 years in developing clinical trials and evidence-based clinical trial processes for improvements in patient care. The cooperative groups are undergoing a transformation process to launch, conduct, and publish clinical trials more rapidly. Institutional participation in clinical trials can be made more efficient and include the expansion of relationships with international partners. This paper reviews the current processes that are in use in radiation therapy trials and the importance of maintaining effective credentialing strategies to assure the quality of the outcomes of clinical trials. The paper offers strategies to streamline and harmonize credentialing tools and processes moving forward as the NCI undergoes transformative change in the conduct of clinical trials.

Followill, David S.; Urie, Marcia; Galvin, James M.; Ulin, Kenneth; Xiao, Ying; FitzGerald, Thomas J.

2012-01-01

73

Anonymous credentials on a standard java card  

Microsoft Academic Search

Secure identity tokens such as Electronic Identity (eID) cards are emerging everywhere. At the same time user-centric identity management gains acceptance. Anonymous credential schemes are the optimal realization of user-centricity. However, on inexpensive hardware platforms, typically used for eID cards, these schemes could not be made to meet the necessary requirements such as future-proof key lengths and transaction times on

Patrik Bichsel; Jan Camenisch; Thomas Groß; Victor Shoup

2009-01-01

74

Defining Credentials for the Public Workforce System. ACT Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines how the National Career Readiness Certificate (NCRC) meets the definition of "credential" as defined by the US Department of Labor Employment (US DOL) and Training Administration's Training and Employment Guidance Letter (TEGL) 15-10. The NCRC fits the US DOL definition of a credential both (a) in the context of workforce…

ACT, Inc., 2011

2011-01-01

75

Design and implementation of the idemix anonymous credential system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anonymous credential systems [8, 9, 12, 24] allow anonymous yet authenticated and accountable transactions between users and service providers. As such, they represent a powerful technique for protecting users' privacy when conducting Internet transactions. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of an anonymous credential system based on the protocols developed by [6]. The system is based on

Jan Camenisch; Els Van Herreweghen

2002-01-01

76

GEDS: GPU Execution of Continuous Queries on Spatio-Temporal Data Streams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much research exists for the efficient processing of spatio-temporal data streams. However, all methods ultimately rely on an ill-equipped processor, namely a CPU, to evaluate concurrent, continuous spatio-temporal queries over these data streams. This paper presents GEDS, a scalable, Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)-based framework for the evaluation of continuous spatio-temporal queries over spatio-temporal data streams. GEDS employs the computation sharing

Jonathan Cazalas; Ratan Guha

2010-01-01

77

For Some Students, GED Test in Spanish Is Best Alternative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Earning a high school diploma is one of the milestones for students who come to the United States from other countries. But for those who arrive in their middle to late teens, learning enough English to earn a diploma can seem all but impossible. Some students from Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America, however, are discovering an option that has…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

78

Computer-Assisted Instruction. An ABE/GED Curriculum Project. Final Report. A 310/Special Demonstration Project 1984-1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to develop and implement a program of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) for students enrolled in adult basic education (ABE) and general educational development (GED) programs throughout Arizona. The following activities were completed during development of the comprehensive ABE/GED CAI program: identification and…

Rio Salado Community Coll., AZ.

79

A Case for Using Computer-Assisted Learning in Mathematics to Improve Instruction in Formal GED Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using computer-assisted learning to deliver math instruction for General Educational Development (GED) students would increase achievement through individuation and free class time for developing critical-thinking skills. This would maximize the part-time experience of GED students. (SK)

Elias, Joseph S.; Yoder, Zelda

1998-01-01

80

An Appraisal of an Offender Population on the General Educational Development Test as Predicted by the General Educational Development Practice Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 2,068 Indiana inmates who took the General Educational Development (GED) practice and final tests between 1988-2000 were analyzed. All six practice tests correlated with performance on the GED test. Most accurate were the FF battery (for writing skills), CC (for social studies), BB (for science), EE (for interpreting literature and…

Agba, Cyprian Peter; Klosowski, Steven M.; Miller, Gary R.

2002-01-01

81

Credentialing Kepler: Transits in the Seventeenth Century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kepler's successful prediction of the 1631 transit of Mercury spurred an interest in his decidedly user-unfriendly Rudolfine Tables. Because his Ephemerides went only to 1636, he did not draw attention to the 1639 transit of Venus, although the tables actually predicted the phenomenon, and the observation by Horrocks again proved the superiority of Kepler's work. By mid-century alternative user-friendly versions of the Rudolfine Tables were published by V. Renieri in Italy, J.B. Morin in France, Maria Cunitia in Germany, and (in a more modified form) by J. Shakerley in England. Transits of Mercury were observed in 1651 (by Shakerley in Surat, India), 1661, 1667, 1690, and 1697, giving astronomers opportunities to compare the predictions from these tables as well as those of Lansbergen (which were a variant of the Copernican Prutenic Tables). Because of the subsequent interest in transits for determining the length of the astronomical unit, the 18th-century French astronomer J-N. Delisle compiled for these early transits extensive systematic records, which are now preserved at the Paris Observatory. By his day, however, the as-yet-unpublished tables of Edmond Halley gave the most successful predictions, and Delisle showed little interest in further credentialing the Rudolfine Tables, a process that had already taken place in the previous century.

Gingerich, O.

2005-08-01

82

Why do anthropogenic global warming skeptics have poorer scientific credentials than their opponents?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A paper published in PNAS (1) analyzed the scientific credentials of two groups of activist scientists. The unconvinced by the evidence group included ~500 scientists and technologists who signed various public documents protesting against various aspects of programs to prevent or mitigate anthropogenic global warming. The convinced by the evidence group (~1200 persons) signed public appeals to implement programs to prevent or mitigate AGW. Scientific credentials were measured by publications and citations. The unspoken message of the paper is that we should have confidence in the canonical program of climate change as outlined by, for example, the IPCC, because those who support the program have better scientific credentials than those that don’t. One of the authors of the paper, James Prall, made available on his website lists of several thousand persons, mostly scientists and technologists, who are in one group or the other. The lists include considerable detail, such as publications, citations and education that relates to scientific qualifications. Using Prall’s lists and relevant anecdotal statements by prominent advocates on both sides of the issue I suggest an alternate reason for the disparity in scientific credentials. The PNAS paper in testing scientific credentials counted the number of publications and citations in the area of climate science. There is a certain circularity in using such a test because persons who are professionally employed as climate scientists will naturally have many publications and citations - that is their professional goal. Professional employment in climate science implies adherence to group standards and to some extent beliefs. To give an analogy, if you are a professional freudian psychoanalyst you can’t say that Freud is a crackpot and retain your professional standing. I’m not saying that climate scientists are crackpots, but that there is surely some sort of shared belief and value system whether or not it is formerly acknowledged. There are lines that one must not cross. The relevant question is, are well qualified and professionally employed climate scientists not skeptics because their superior knowledge gives them insight to the science or are they not skeptics because that is a line they cannot cross? A remarkable disparity in Prall’s lists gives a clue to the answer. Early career scientists are highly dependent on group approval. They are canaries in the coal mine if you like. Looking at the early career scientists on both sides of the issue in Prall’s lists casts light on the answer to the relevant question posed above. (1) Expert credibility in climate change William R. L. Anderegg, James W. Prall, Jacob Harold, and Stephen H. Schneider. PNAS Early Edition April 2010

Rogers, N. L.

2010-12-01

83

Feasibility of Extension of Selected GED Services to USAR and ARNG. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report addresses the extension of selected educational benefits to the Army Reserve (USAR) and Army National Guard (ARNG). The current Army General Education Development (GED) program is described, and a literature review of the effects of education upon military performance is included. A concept of extending tuition assistance to the…

Ford, Henry J.; And Others

84

Perspectives of International Students Returning to Persist in a GED Preparation Course: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore and describe what factors contributed to interrupted persistence among international students, in a General Education Development (GED) preparation course, in an adult continuing education department, in a community college setting, located in an urban area in New York City. The study utilized a qualitative…

Gonzalez, Sharon D.

2011-01-01

85

Classrooms of Spatial Justice: Counter-Spaces and Young Men of Color in a GED Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, based on an ethnographic study of an urban General Education Development (GED) program, suggests that for some marginalized young men of color, Adult education programs are counter-spaces of spatial justice in opposition to previous negative school spaces. Framed by critical race theory (CRT) and drawing on critical geography and…

Schwartz, Joni

2014-01-01

86

46 CFR 10.217 - Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations. 10.217...10.217 Merchant mariner credential application and examination locations. ...is available through the Coast Guard Web site at...

2013-10-01

87

21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...authority must issue the authentication credential using two channels...the factors used in the authentication protocol is a biometric, or if the practitioner...generate or activate the authentication credential using two...

2010-04-01

88

14 CFR 121.548a - DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credential.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credential. 121...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION...Operations § 121.548a DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credential....

2014-01-01

89

14 CFR 135.76 - DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION...Operations § 135.76 DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials:...

2014-01-01

90

Credentials in Context: The Meaning and Use of Associate Degrees in the Employment of IT Technicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational credentials are clearly linked to economic success, but the reasons for this link are not clear. Common theoretical approaches provide explanations but lack direct employer perspectives on credentials' meaning and the context in which employers make sense of credentials. In this study, I used an alternative perspective based in Meyer's…

Van Noy, Michelle

2011-01-01

91

An Efficient System for Non-transferable Anonymous Credentials with Optional Anonymity Revocation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A credential system is a system in which users can obtain credentials from organizations and demonstrate possession of these cre- dentials. Such a system is anonymous when transactions carried out by the same user cannot be linked. An anonymous credential system is of significant practical relevance because it is the best means of provid- ing privacy for users. In this

Jan Camenisch; Anna Lysyanskaya

2001-01-01

92

The Career Readiness Certificate: The Foundation for Stackable Credentials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the Career Readiness Certificate (CRC) which serves as the founding credential in the six states and one locality in the Career Readiness Certificate Consortium (Tennessee, West Virginia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia and Washington, D.C.). The Career Readiness Certificate was developed by the small consortium…

Bolin, Barbara

2011-01-01

93

Combined Credential Programs: Pedagogic, Practical, and Ideological Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of teacher education programs combining general and special education teacher certification is growing. In spite of this increase, little has been known about how these programs impact preservice teachers' (PSTs) developing professional identities. This article uses a case study of one newly implemented combined credential program at a…

Young, Kathryn S.

2011-01-01

94

Endovascular interventions training and credentialing for vascular surgeons  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews issues concerning the training and credentialing of vascular surgeons in the use of endovascular techniques in the peripheral vascular system. These guidelines update a prior document that was published in 1993. They have been rewritten to accommodate the rapid evolution that has occurred in the field and to provide the appropriate requirements that a vascular surgeon should

Rodney A. White; Kim J. Hodgson; Samuel S. Ahn; Robert W. Hobson II; Frank J. Veith

1999-01-01

95

Let's Talk Credentialing: An Interview with Mary DiGiovanni.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an interview with the President of the Council for Standards in Human Service Education. Discusses DiGiovanni's participation in the development of the human service field on a national level, and involvement with the standardization of human service competencies as well as the credentialing of human service professionals. (Author/GCP)

McClam, Tricia

1999-01-01

96

Mobility Can Help: Protect User Identity with Dynamic Credential  

Microsoft Academic Search

Security becomes a prominent issue for mobile cloud computing since valuable information moves to the cloud. An important security problem is how the users identify themselves to the cloud. If an attacker is capable of faking or stealing user credentials, such as passwords and digital certificates, current security measures are not sufficient to safe-guard user’s valuable information in the cloud.

Sheng Xiao; Weibo Gong

2010-01-01

97

Credentialing Activities in the Youth Development Field, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes credentialing activities that seek to establish standards and promote professional development in the youth development field. Part 1, Federal and State Legislative Activities, focuses on: legislation promoting youth development activities and programs; welfare reform and the need for youth development and after-school…

National Collaboration for Youth, Washington, DC.

98

Pedagogical Techniques of Improvisation Instructors without Academic Credentials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of music improvisation can be seen in its inclusion in the National Standards for Music Education and the accreditation standards for the National Association of Schools of Music. The purpose of this study was to examine the pedagogical techniques and materials of improvisation instructors who do not hold academic credentials. The…

Salonen, Richard Wayne

2010-01-01

99

Formal Education, Credential, or Both: Early Childhood Program Classroom Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This study is intended to widen the debate around the bachelor's degree (BA) as preparation for early childhood teaching when head teachers possess various levels of credentials and education. We examined classroom quality and teacher involvement in 231 classrooms sponsored by 122 different agencies, staffed and supervised by…

Vu, Jennifer A.; Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Howes, Carollee

2008-01-01

100

The Relationship of Placement Credentials to Employment of College Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research analyzes placement credentials of 64 employed and 64 non-employed college graduates who had used the same campus placement center. The study indicates that the variables of academic performance, biographical data and age are potent predictors in the current job market. The variables of work experience, personal recommendations, and…

Hurd, Stephen B.; And Others

101

An Online Credential Repository for the Grid: MyProxy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grid Portals, based on standard Web technologies, are increasingly used to provide user interfaces for Computa- tional and Data Grids. However, such Grid Portals do not integrate cleanly with existing Grid security systems such as the Grid Security Infrastructure (GSI), due to lack of del- egation capabilities in Web security mechanisms. We solve this problem using an online credentials repository

Jason Novotny; Steven Tuecke; Von Welch

2001-01-01

102

Building Toward a Small Wind Turbine Site Assessor Credential (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Proper site assessment is integral to the development of a successful small wind project. Without a small wind site assessor certification program, consumers, including state incentive program managers, lack a benchmark for differentiating between qualified and nonqualified site assessors. A small wind site assessor best practice manual is being developed as a resource for consumers until a credential program becomes available. This presentation describes the purpose, proposed content, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's approach to the development of such a manual.

Sinclair, K.

2013-09-01

103

Educational Needs Assessment for Wisconsin Adults with Less than High School Graduation or GED.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to assess the educational needs of Wisconsin adults aged 16 years and older who had not graduated from and were not attending high school or had not received a high school equivalency credential. The project staff interviewed 1,680 Wisconsin residents who met these criteria by telephone, using computerized random digit…

Kreitlow, Burton W.; And Others

104

The GED4GEM project: development of a Global Exposure Database for the Global Earthquake Model initiative  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In order to quantify earthquake risk of any selected region or a country of the world within the Global Earthquake Model (GEM) framework (www.globalquakemodel.org/), a systematic compilation of building inventory and population exposure is indispensable. Through the consortium of leading institutions and by engaging the domain-experts from multiple countries, the GED4GEM project has been working towards the development of a first comprehensive publicly available Global Exposure Database (GED). This geospatial exposure database will eventually facilitate global earthquake risk and loss estimation through GEM’s OpenQuake platform. This paper provides an overview of the GED concepts, aims, datasets, and inference methodology, as well as the current implementation scheme, status and way forward.

Gamba, P.; Cavalca, D.; Jaiswal, K. S.; Huyck, C.; Crowley, H.

2012-01-01

105

History of the Medical Library Association's credentialing program.  

PubMed Central

Since the Medical Library Association (MLA) adopted the Code for the Training and Certification of Medical Librarians in 1949, MLA members have reviewed and revised the program regularly. This paper traces the history of MLA's professional recognition program to illustrate how the program has changed over time and to identify the issues that have surrounded it. These issues include the value of the program to individual members, cost to MLA, appropriate entry requirements, certification examinations, and recertification requirements. The development and operation of MLA's current credentialing program, the Academy of Health Information Professionals, is described in detail.

Bell, J A

1996-01-01

106

Credentials for the Infant/Toddler Child Care Workforce. A Technical Assistance Tool for Child Care And Developemnt Fund Administrators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A critical step toward professionalism of a discipline is the establishment of a credential defining the qualifications for those authorized to work in the field. Such credentials exist in the fields of medicine, education, law and accounting, for example...

2007-01-01

107

Career Development Potential and Validity of a Competency Based Credential for Child Care Staff. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A credential called the Child Development Associate (CDA) was the focus of this study. Based on the competence of child care staff, it offers two benefits: it may be fair and accurate without resorting to impractical requirements of education and experience, and its recognition may benefit workers' careers. Credentialed and noncredentialed groups…

Pettygrove, Willa Bowman

108

Competence for Children's Sake: Summary Report of a Research Project on the Child Development Associate Credential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes a research project on the Child Development Associate (CDA) assessment and credentialing system. The issues covered in the report fall under two general categories: validity (the ability of the CDA assessment/credential system to identify competent child care staff) and career development potential (the benefits of the CDA…

Pettygrove, Willa Bowman

109

Difference, Deficiency, and Devaluation: Non-recognition of Foreign Credentials for Immigrant Professionals in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the politics of difference as manifested in non-recognition of foreign credentials and prior work experience of immigrant professionals in Canada. It is organized into four parts. It begins with a review of contextual information pertaining to immigration in Canada. The second section examines studies pertinent to non-recognition of foreign credentials and prior work experience in Canada. Third,

Shibao Guo

2005-01-01

110

The Credential and Certificate Regime in Canada: A Social Map from the Standpoint of Immigrant Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I explicate the credential and certificate regime (CCR) that helps shape the re-training and re-education experiences of immigrant women in Canada. CCR is a conceptual framework that references the social processes producing credentials and certificates and rendering them objective ground to construct desirable workers. This paper is based on two qualitative research projects, both of which use

Hongxia Shan

111

Extra-Credential Experiences and Social Closure: Working-Class Students at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human capital theorists perceive of educational expansion as beneficial to individuals, corporations and national economies, while social closure theorists have claimed that inflation of credential requirements maintains traditional status inequalities. In this paper I argue that status inequalities are not only maintained by credential inflation,…

Lehmann, Wolfgang

2012-01-01

112

A multi-national report on methods for institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery  

PubMed Central

Background Stereotactic body radiotherapy and radiosurgery are rapidly emerging treatment options for both malignant and benign spine tumors. Proper institutional credentialing by physicians and medical physicists as well as other personnel is important for the safe and effective adoption of spine radiosurgery. This article describes the methods for institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery at seven highly experienced international institutions. Methods All institutions (n?=?7) are members of the Elekta Spine Radiosurgery Research Consortium and have a dedicated research and clinical focus on image-guided spine radiosurgery. A questionnaire consisting of 24 items covering various aspects of institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery was completed by all seven institutions. Results Close agreement was observed in most aspects of spine radiosurgery credentialing at each institution. A formal credentialing process was believed to be important for the implementation of a new spine radiosurgery program, for patient safety and clinical outcomes. One institution has a written policy specific for spine radiosurgery credentialing, but all have an undocumented credentialing system in place. All institutions rely upon an in-house proctoring system for the training of both physicians and medical physicists. Four institutions require physicians and medical physicists to attend corporate sponsored training. Two of these 4 institutions also require attendance at a non-corporate sponsored academic society radiosurgery course. Corporate as well as non-corporate sponsored training were believed to be complimentary and both important for training. In 5 centers, all cases must be reviewed at a multidisciplinary conference prior to radiosurgery treatment. At 3 centers, neurosurgeons are not required to be involved in all cases if there is no evidence for instability or spinal cord compression. Backup physicians and physicists are required at only 1 institution, but all institutions have more than one specialist trained to perform spine radiosurgery. All centers believed that credentialing should also be device specific, and all believed that professional societies should formulate guidelines for institutions on the requirements for spine radiosurgery credentialing. Finally, in 4 institutions radiation therapists were required to attend corporate-sponsored device specific training for credentialing, and in only 1 institution were radiation therapists required to also attend academic society training for credentialing. Conclusions This study represents the first multi-national report of the current practice of institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery. Key methodologies for safe implementation and credentialing of spine radiosurgery have been identified. There is strong agreement among experienced centers that credentialing is an important component of the safe and effective implementation of a spine radiosurgery program.

2013-01-01

113

Credentialing the clinical ethics consultant: an academic medical center affirms professionalism and practice.  

PubMed

In response to national trends calling for increasing accountability and an emerging dialogue within bioethics, we describe an effort to credential clinical ethicists at a major academic medical center.This effort is placed within the historical context of prior calls for credentialing and certification and efforts currently underway within organized bioethics to engage this issue.The specific details, and conceptual rationale, behind the NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital's graduated credentialing plan are shared as is their evolution and ratification within the context of institutional policy. While other programs will design their credentialing schema consistent with their local context and demographics, the description of one such effort is offered to be instructive to others who want to bring additional standardization to the assessment of the readiness and credentials of those who will engage in the practice of clinical ethics case consultation. PMID:22822704

Acres, Cathleen A; Prager, Kenneth; Hardart, George E; Fins, Joseph J

2012-01-01

114

GED Preparation via the Sundial Network. An Audio Teleconferencing System. Final Report. A 310/Special Demonstration Project 1984-1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to deliver general educational development (GED) instruction through an audio teleconferencing system to adult students in Arizona. Using a previously existing audio teleconferencing system owned by Rio Salado Community College in Phoenix, Arizona, project staff developed a series of credit and noncredit teleconferencing…

Rio Salado Community Coll., AZ.

115

Training, management, and credentialing for CRRT in the ICU.  

PubMed

Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in the intensive care unit (ICU) requires a dedicated training and educational process that includes both theoretical and practical approaches. Important goals for this process include achieving an acceptable circuit life without patient complications and providing a high percentage of staff with bedside expertise. Lectures or didactic sessions must link into bedside instruction and simulations or mock patient/circuit setup. An annual seminar may be useful for all clinicians to share and gain knowledge. Managers require a system of staff review to ensure expertise levels are maintained. Policy development, quality assurance, and complication monitoring systems provide useful information for managers and educators in this field. Credentialing may be useful to confirm the goals of CRRT, but it requires further development of practice standards before adoption. PMID:9372990

Baldwin, I C

1997-11-01

116

46 CFR 15.401 - Employment and service within restrictions of credential.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Employment and service within restrictions of credential. 15.401 Section 15.401 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...REQUIREMENTS Manning Requirements; All Vessels § 15.401 Employment and service within restrictions...

2013-10-01

117

VA Health Care: Improved Oversight and Compliance Needed for Physician Credentialing and Privileging Processes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

VA has policies to ensure that physicians have appropriate qualifications and clinical abilities through the processes of credentialing, privileging, and continuous monitoring of performance. Results of a VA investigatory report in 2008 cited deficiencies...

2010-01-01

118

Healthcare Inspection: Evaluation of Physician Credentialing and Privileging in Veterans Health Administration Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Inspector General, Office of Healthcare Inspections (OHI) completed an evaluation of Physician Credentialing and Privileging (C&P) in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities. The purpose of this evalua...

2010-01-01

119

77 FR 36406 - Exemption From Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) Expiration Provisions for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...threat assessment (STA) and receive a biometric credential called the Transportation...renewal process that includes providing new biometric and biographic information at an enrollment...enrollment center, and avoid providing new biometric and biographic enrollment...

2012-06-19

120

Navigating credentialing, privileging, and learning curves in robotics with an evidence and experienced-based approach.  

PubMed

The rapid growth of robot-assisted surgery has created new challenges for hospitals to establish credentialing guidelines for new surgeons. Developing and maintaining these skills requires frequent practice. Borrowing from the aviation model that requires maintaining currency and demonstrating proficiency, robotic credentialing guidelines are being developed that will enable hospitals to insure patient safety and optimal outcomes. The utilization of computerized robotic simulators will, like flight simulators, also help surgeons to maintain and improve skills. PMID:21857169

Lenihan, John P

2011-09-01

121

The american college of hyperbaric medicine consensus statement on physician credentialing for hyperbaric oxygen therapy.  

PubMed

The American College of Hyperbaric Medicine provides this document for hospital credentialing committees as national standards for credentialing hyperbaric physicians. These recommendations represent the consensus opinion of expert leaders in the field of hyperbaric medicine. The principles set forth in this document are intended to serve as a guideline to assist healthcare organizations. This document applies to both hospital-based and nonhospital-affiliated centers. PMID:25003636

Serena, Thomas E; Gelly, Helen; Bohn, Gregory A; Niezgoda, Jeffrey A

2014-08-01

122

Linking credentialed skills, social class, working conditions and self-reported health: a focus on health inequality-generating mechanisms.  

PubMed

In this study, focus is on the mechanisms linking credentialed skills and social class relations to five dimensions of occupational stressors and three self-reported health outcomes: persistent fatigue, musculoskeletal complaints and emotional wellbeing. We test for direct health associations of skills/class. Moreover, indirect health associations of skills/class, through differential exposure to occupational stressors and effect modifications of the occupational stressors, are tested. A modified LISREL analysis is applied to a representative cross-sectional sample of 11,099 Flemish wage-earners. The direct health effects of credentialed skills/class are limited, but they are clearly indirectly related to the self-reported health outcomes through differential exposure to occupational stressors. The indirect mechanisms point to both reinforcing and moderating effects on socio-economic health inequalities. Two cases of effect modification are also observed: social class modifying the association between control and persistent fatigue; and skills affecting the association between the quality of social relations and emotional wellbeing. Differential exposure to occupational stressors is a crucial mechanism linking skills/class to socio-economic health inequalities. Direct effects and effect modification of class/skills are relevant, but of limited importance. One of the effect modifications found suggests that a specific focus on contradictory class positions might be warranted in future research. PMID:20887630

Vanroelen, Christophe; Levecque, Katia; Moors, Guy; Louckx, Fred

2010-09-01

123

Purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction analysis of human dynamin-related protein 1 GTPase-GED fusion protein  

PubMed Central

The mechano-enzyme dynamin-related protein 1 plays an important role in mitochondrial fission and is implicated in cell physiology. Dysregulation of Drp1 is associated with abnormal mitochondrial dynamics and neuronal damage. Drp1 shares structural and functional similarities with dynamin 1 with respect to domain organization, ability to self-assemble into spiral-like oligomers and GTP-cycle-dependent membrane scission. Structural studies of human dynamin-1 have greatly improved the understanding of this prototypical member of the dynamin superfamily. However, high-resolution structural information for full-length human Drp1 covering the GTPase domain, the middle domain and the GTPase effector domain (GED) is still lacking. In order to obtain mechanistic insights into the catalytic activity, a nucleotide-free GTPase-GED fusion protein of human Drp1 was expressed, purified and crystallized. Initial X-ray diffraction experiments yielded data to 2.67?Å resolution. The hexagonal-shaped crystals belonged to space group P21212, with unit-cell parameters a = 53.59, b = 151.65, c = 43.53?Å, one molecule per asymmetric unit and a solvent content of 42%. Expression of selenomethionine-labelled protein is currently in progress. Here, the expression, purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction analysis of the Drp1 GTPase-GED fusion protein are presented, which form a basis for more detailed structural and biophysical analysis.

Klinglmayr, Eva; Wenger, Julia; Mayr, Sandra; Bossy-Wetzel, Ella; Puehringer, Sandra

2012-01-01

124

The Influence of Self-Efficacy on Reading Achievement of General Educational Development (GED) and High School Graduates Enrolled in Developmental Reading Skills Courses in an Urban Community College System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of self-efficacy on the performance of General Educational Development (GED) and high school graduates enrolled in developmental reading skills courses. The sample for the study consisted of 100 high school and 31 GED graduates enrolled in developmental reading courses in a midwestern community…

Barnes, Martha J.

2010-01-01

125

An Update: Preparation and Credentialing Requirements of Two-Year College Technical Instructors--A National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to see what changes have occurred in the preparation and credentialing of postsecondary technical faculty. The specific objectives of this study were: (a) to describe current credentialing requirements for two-year college technical instructors; (b) to describe program requirements for postsecondary technical teacher…

Olson, Susan J.; Spidell, Cathy M.

2007-01-01

126

Equilibrium structure of maleic anhydride from gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) and quantum-chemical studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The molecular structure of maleic anhydride was reinvestigated by the gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) method because it was determined with large uncertainties in a previous study. To take into account vibrational effects, the corrections to the experimental bond lengths ( r a) were calculated using quadratic and cubic force constants from high-level ab initio calculations (MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ). The determined equilibrium structural parameters ( re(C-C) = 1.485(1) Å, re(C dbnd C) = 1.332(1) Å, re(C-O) = 1.386(1) Å, re(C dbnd O) = 1.192(1) Å, ? e(C-C dbnd C) = 107.8(1)°, ? e(O dbnd C-C) = 129.2(2)°) are very close to the parameters of the r s structure from a previous microwave spectroscopic (MW) study. Some aspects of the combined analysis of GED and MW data are discussed. The agreement of the experimental rotational constants, B0(i) (MW), corrected for anharmonic effects, Be(i) (MW), with the rotational constants derived from the determined equilibrium geometry, is better than with Be(i) values from quantum-chemical calculations.

Vogt, Natalja; Altova, Ekaterina P.; Karasev, Nikolai M.

2010-08-01

127

Required Preliminary Administrative Service Credential Program Culminating Activities in California NCATE Accredited Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this effort is to share information about the variety of culminating activities used in the acquisition of the California Preliminary Administrative Services Credential. Knowledge of these varying culminating activities and related practices has not previously been readily available. The culminating activities among…

Wildman, Louis

2014-01-01

128

Developmental Education: A Barrier to a Postsecondary Credential for Millions of Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community colleges across the country confront a clear challenge: too many students arrive on campus unprepared, get placed into developmental (or remedial) courses where they fail to progress, and never complete a credential, graduate, or transfer to a four-year institution. At the same time, community colleges are subject to increasing…

MDRC, 2013

2013-01-01

129

A Decade of Data: The Compensation and Credentials of Arizona's Early Care and Education Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Arizona strives for a first-rate educational system, the foundation of care and education for our youngest children remains far too weak. This new report, "A Decade of Data: The Compensation and Credentials of Arizona's Early Care and Education Workforce," marks ten years of data on trends in the wages, benefits, and education levels of…

Children's Action Alliance, 2008

2008-01-01

130

Industry-Sponsored Credentials. In Brief: Fast Facts for Policy and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the influence of information technology (IT) industry-sponsored credentials commonly called IT certifications (ITCs) from both organizational and individual perspectives. Findings indicated that there was increasing acceptance, prevalence, and benefits of ITCs in business and industry. Both executives and employees reported…

Wonacott, Michael E.

131

A National Study of State Credentialing Requirements for Administrators of Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unlike data that show that all states require credentials for special education teachers, national data indicate that only 27 states require licensure/certification/endorsement as an administrator of special education. The titles used by states to identify the local director of special education include administrator of special education, director…

Boscardin, Mary Lynn; Weir, Kerry; Kusek, Christopher

2010-01-01

132

Progress and Directions in Professional Credentialing for Health Education in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an update on initiatives in individual certification and accreditation of academic programs in public/community health education and school health education in the United States. Although we provide some historical context, the focus primarily addresses credentialing efforts that have evolved since the Galway Consensus…

Cottrell, Randall R.; Auld, M. Elaine; Birch, David A.; Taub, Alyson; King, Laura Rasar; Allegrante, John P.

2012-01-01

133

Admissions; Evaluation of Credentials; Financial Aids; Marketing and Recruitment; Articulation Agreements and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers that relate to admissions, evaluation of credentials, financial aid, marketing and recruitment, and articulation agreements and practices are summarized. Names and institutions of conference participants are included. (MSE)

College and University, 1980

1980-01-01

134

Admissions; Evaluation of Credentials; Financial Aids; Marketing and Recruitment; Articulation Agreements and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of the 67th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers which relate to admissions, evaluation of credentials, student financial aid, marketing and recruitment, and articulation agreements and practices are summarized. Names and institutions of conference participants are included. (MSE)

College and University, 1981

1981-01-01

135

Does Higher Education Expansion Reduce Credentialism and Gender Discrimination in Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the effects of higher education expansion on the phenomena of credentialism and gender discrimination in education. Using the survey data of Family Income and Expenditure by DGBAS, Taiwan from 1980 to 2009, we examine the time path of the effect of higher education expansion on household expenditures for children's…

Lin, Ching-Yuan; Lin, Chun-Hung A.

2012-01-01

136

The California Competency Based Program for Credentialing School Administrators. The Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main thrust of California's Ryan Act (1970) has been to terminate credential qualifications by verification of credit received from an institution of higher education and move towards the competency based professional preparation program where institutions are first authorized to offer such programs and then assigned the responsibility to…

Lamb, Gene

137

A National Survey of School Based Teacher Educator Credentialing Process. School Based Teacher Educators, Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to determine the extensiveness and form of credentialing for those persons engaged in staff development. Questionnaires were mailed to the Director of Teacher Education and Certification at the State Department of Education in forty-nine states and the District of Columbia (Texas was not included). All of the…

Stell, Eugenia Ann; And Others

138

Teacher Credentials and Student Achievement: Longitudinal Analysis with Student Fixed Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use a rich administrative dataset from North Carolina to explore questions related to the relationship between teacher characteristics and credentials on the one hand and student achievement on the other. Though the basic questions underlying this research are not new--and, indeed, have been explored in many papers over the years within the…

Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

2007-01-01

139

The Advanced Credential for Health Education Specialists: A Seven-Year Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The only advanced credential exam for health educators, The Master Certified Health Education Specialist (MCHES), involved a seven-year process. The process began in December 2004, with the information from the Competency Update Project (CUP) report that health educators practice at entry- and advanced-levels of practice. In October 2011, the date…

Dennis, Dixie L.; Lysoby, Linda

2010-01-01

140

Verification of the Integrity and Legitimacy of Academic Credential Documents in an International Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The global demand for higher education currently exceeds the world's existing university capacity. This shortfall is likely to persist for the foreseeable future, raising concerns that frustrated students might choose to purchase fraudulent credentials from counterfeiters or diploma mills. International efforts to encourage the development of…

Gollin, George D.

2009-01-01

141

Child Development Associate Credential Facilitators' Guide to Active Learning Techniques. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) instructor's guide was developed to be used with CDA Credentials training programs in Texas community colleges. The "active learning" activities in the manual are organized according to the CDA 13 functional areas namely, safe, healthy, learning environment, physical, cognitive, communication, creative, self,…

Catalani, J. Christine

142

The Child Development Associate Credential Curriculum and Technical Assistance Project. Final Narrative Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructor's guide with "active learning" teaching techniques, handouts, transparency masters, and other supplementary materials was developed for use with the Child Development Associate (CDA) Training programs in Texas community colleges. The project is a 1-year continuation of the Child Development Associate Credential (CDA) Curriculum and…

Catalani, J. Christine

143

The Relationship Between Postsecondary Education and Skill: Comparing Credentialism with Human Capital Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper assesses the importance of the credential requirements used by employers to attract graduates who will use their education on the job. The framework of this study is embedded within the theoretical debates between proponents of the credentialist and human capital theories of education. Past research related to these debates has focused…

Walters, David

2004-01-01

144

Testing Accommodations. NetNews. Volume 7, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

LDA (Learning Disabilities Association) of Minnesota receives many calls and emails regarding testing accommodations for large-scale testing programs. Callers include the test-takers themselves, parents, teachers, counselors, advocates, and an occasional attorney. The standardized tests they ask about include the GED, SAT and ACT (for college…

LDA of Minnesota, 2006

2006-01-01

145

GED Acquisition Rates From An At-Risk Youth Program's Curriculum as Influenced by Three Criteria: Multiple Intelligence Usage, Class Size, and Its Mentorship Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine whether a combination of three factors: (1) a reduced student teacher ratio (class size education); (2) a mentorship program and (3) a varied curriculum, via use of the multiple intelligences would successfully improve secondary at risk youths' high school graduation rates. The graduation rate and GED

Fleming, Angela Rene

2005-01-01

146

Comparing credentialing requirements of substance abuse treatment staff by funding source  

PubMed Central

Studies have found that clinicians with higher education and/or attainment of national certification have a more favorable outlook regarding the adoption of evidence-based practices. However, staff hiring decisions may be based on a multitude of factors, including available resources and demands stemming from different funders. Using a mixed-methods case study approach with 34 agencies within one state, we assessed administrators’ perspectives of the most important funding source, views on clinical hiring practices, and current staffing. We found that funding source predicted views and actual staff level of credentialing and education. Those agencies citing a criminal justice entity as the most important funder had the lowest requirements for credentialing and education. As the substance abuse treatment delivery system evolves and expands, we must ensure that vulnerable groups have access to more highly—rather than less—skilled workers to assess and facilitate recovery.

Kubiak, Sheryl Pimlott; Arfken, Cynthia L.

2009-01-01

147

Comparing credentialing requirements of substance abuse treatment staff by funding source.  

PubMed

Studies have found that clinicians with higher education and/or attainment of national certification have a more favorable outlook regarding the adoption of evidence-based practices. However, staff hiring decisions may be based on a multitude of factors, including available resources and demands stemming from different funders. Using a mixed-methods case study approach with 34 agencies within one state, we assessed administrators' perspectives of the most important funding source, views on clinical hiring practices, and current staffing. We found that funding source predicted views and actual staff level of credentialing and education. Those agencies citing a criminal justice entity as the most important funder had the lowest requirements for credentialing and education. As the substance abuse treatment delivery system evolves and expands, we must ensure that vulnerable groups have access to more highly--rather than less--skilled workers to assess and facilitate recovery. PMID:17931822

Kubiak, Sheryl Pimlott; Arfken, Cynthia L

2008-07-01

148

The relationship between admissions credentials and the success of students admitted to a physics doctoral program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The researcher developed this study based on the Hardgrave, et al. (1993) statement that for a doctoral student, it was "more than just standardized scores, previous academic performance, and past work experience [that] ultimately affects whether the candidate will be successful in the program" (p. 261). This study examined both the subjective and quantifiable aspects of application materials to a physics doctoral program to explore potential relationships between the credentials presented in the application and the ultimate success of the admitted students. The researcher developed questions with the goals of addressing the problem of attrition in doctoral programs and gaining a better of understanding the information provided in students' application packets. The researcher defined success as either enrolled four years after admission or attainment of the degree. This study examined the records of a population of students admitted to a physics doctoral program from the fall of 1997 to the fall of 2003 to determine their level of success as of August 2006. An exploratory analysis of the data provided answers to each of the research questions as well as an extensive understanding of the students admitted into the program during this time. This study examined both admission credentials and constructs identified by past researchers. An evaluation of the data gathered in this research revealed no relationships between these and student success as previously defined. In 1974, Willingham stated simply, "the best way to improve selection of graduate students will be to develop improved criteria for success" (p. 278). To this end, recommendations emerged regarding the decision-making process and suggestions for future research. This study was not developed to prove or disprove past research findings that predicted success from admissions information; rather, the researcher developed this study to explore each of the credentials that a student presents with his or her application packet, and to tell the story about the nuances of these credentials as they related to student success in a physics doctoral program.

Wilkerson, Teresa

149

Affiliation-Hiding Envelope and Authentication Schemes with Efficient Support for Multiple Credentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an efficient implementation of affiliation-hiding envelope and authentication schemes. An envelope scheme enables\\u000a secure message transmission between two parties s.t. the message can be decrypted only by a receiver who holds a credential\\u000a from (i.e. is affiliated with) an entity specified by the sender’s authorization policy. An envelope scheme is affiliation-hiding if it hides the receiver’s\\u000a affiliation, and

Stanislaw Jarecki; Xiaomin Liu

2008-01-01

150

Biomarker enrichment strategies: matching trial design to biomarker credentials.  

PubMed

The use of biomarkers to identify patients who can benefit from treatment with a specific anticancer agent has the potential to both improve patient care and accelerate drug development. The development of targeted agents and their accompanying biomarkers frequently occurs contemporaneously, and confidence in a putative biomarker's performance might, therefore, be insufficient to restrict the definitive testing of a new agent to the subgroup of biomarker-positive patients. This Review considers which clinical trial designs and analysis strategies are appropriate for use in phase III, biomarker-driven, randomized clinical trials, on the basis of pre-existing evidence that the biomarker can successfully identify patients who will respond to the treatment in question. The types of interim monitoring that are appropriate for these trials are also discussed. In addition, enrichment strategies based on the use of prognostic biomarkers to separate a population into subgroups with better and worse outcomes, regardless of treatment, are described. Finally, the possibility of formally using a biomarker during phase II drug development, to select what type of biomarker-driven strategy should be used in the phase III trial, is discussed. PMID:24281059

Freidlin, Boris; Korn, Edward L

2014-02-01

151

Changing Courses: Instructional Innovations That Help Low-Income Students Succeed in Community College. Opening Doors to Earning Credentials Project Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MDRC's Opening Doors to Earning Credentials Project and its early reports found that community colleges are the local educational institutions with the greatest potential for helping low-wage workers earn skills and credentials that lead to educational and career advancement. Opening Doors also identified serious obstacles to realizing that…

Kazis, Richard; Liebowitz, Marty

152

Credentialing Requirements: A Summary of the Thirty-One Professions Supervised by the Board of Regents and Administered by the New York State Education Department.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic requirements for credentialing in 31 professions supervised by the Board of Regents and administered by the New York State Department of Education are listed. Not every requirement is cited, and a more detailed statement of the credentialing requirements for these professions may be found in Title VIII of the Education Law and in the…

New York State Education Dept., Albany.

153

Credentialing of diagnostic x-ray technologists: a question of public health impact.  

PubMed Central

This paper presents estimates of the number of diagnostic x-ray examinations performed in the United States, the population dose delivered, the percentage of that dose contributed by credentialed and noncredentialed operators, and one measure of performance: collimation of the x-ray beam. An estimated 82 per cent of medical x-ray examinations are performed by voluntarily certified (ARRT or ARCRT) operators. These procedures contribute 90 per cent of the radiation dose to the population. Data from the Nationwide Evaluation of X-Ray Trends (NEXT) program indicate that certified operators collimate the x-ray beam somewhat better than noncertified for chest examinations. They also indicate that differences in collimation practices may be attributed to the type of facility as well as to the credentials of the operators. One-third of the medical x-ray machines are in states presently requiring licensure of operators. It appears from these estimates that instituting operator licensure in the remaining states may reduce population dose by a maximum of one or two per cent.

Audet, M F; Johnson, D W

1985-01-01

154

Improving patient safety and physician accountability using the hospital credentialing process.  

PubMed

The lack of systematic oversight of physician performance has led to some serious cases related to physician competence and behaviour. We are currently implementing a hospital-wide approach to improve physician oversight by incorporating it into the hospital credentialing process. Our proposed credentialing method involves four systems: (1) a system for monitoring and reporting clinical performance; (2) a system for evaluating physician behaviour; (3) a complaints management system; and (4) an administrative system for maintaining documentation. In our method, physicians are responsible for implementing an annual performance assessment program. The hospital will be responsible for the complaints management system and the system for collecting and reporting relevant health outcomes. Physicians and the hospital will share responsibility for monitoring professional behaviour. Medical leadership, effective governance, appropriate supporting information systems and adequate human resources are required for the program to be successful. Our program is proactive and will allow our hospital to enhance safety through a quality assurance framework and by complementing existing safety activities. Our program could be extended to non-hospital physicians through regional health or provider networks. Central licensing authorities could help to coordinate these programs on a province- or state-wide basis to ensure uniformity of standards and to avoid duplication of efforts. PMID:21915238

Forster, Alan J; Turnbull, Jeff; McGuire, Shaun; Ho, Michael L; Worthington, J R

2011-01-01

155

Improving patient safety and physician accountability using the hospital credentialing process  

PubMed Central

Abstract The lack of systematic oversight of physician performance has led to some serious cases related to physician competence and behaviour. We are currently implementing a hospital-wide approach to improve physician oversight by incorporating it into the hospital credentialing process. Our proposed credentialing method involves four systems: (1) a system for monitoring and reporting clinical performance; (2) a system for evaluating physician behaviour; (3) a complaints management system; and (4) an administrative system for maintaining documentation. In our method, physicians are responsible for implementing an annual performance assessment program. The hospital will be responsible for the complaints management system and the system for collecting and reporting relevant health outcomes. Physicians and the hospital will share responsibility for monitoring professional behaviour. Medical leadership, effective governance, appropriate supporting information systems and adequate human resources are required for the program to be successful. Our program is proactive and will allow our hospital to enhance safety through a quality assurance framework and by complementing existing safety activities. Our program could be extended to non-hospital physicians through regional health or provider networks. Central licensing authorities could help to coordinate these programs on a province- or state-wide basis to ensure uniformity of standards and to avoid duplication of efforts.

Forster, Alan J; Turnbull, Jeff; McGuire, Shaun; Ho, Michael L; Worthington, JR

2011-01-01

156

Credential Creep  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Brenda M. Coppard was studying occupational therapy in the late 1980s, a bachelor's degree was the standard ticket to enter the profession. By the 1990s, a master's degree was expected. Today a doctorate is becoming the norm. Ms. Coppard has pushed for more advanced degrees. In 1999 the associate professor of occupational therapy helped…

Bollag, Burton

2007-01-01

157

Timing Is Everything: Building State Policy on Teacher Credentialing in an Era of Multiple, Competing, and Rapid Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Senate Bill (SB) 2042, authored by Senator Marion Bergeson, was passed to establish a new system for providing teacher preparation within the state of California. The credentialing reforms introduced in SB 2042 follow a tradition described by Irving Hendrik and stake their own claims regarding the locus of control over teacher quality, the role of…

Sandy, Mary Vixie

2006-01-01

158

Institutional Variation in Credential Completion: Evidence from Washington State Community and Technical Colleges. CCRC Working Paper No. 33  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As community colleges search for models of organizational success, new attention is being paid to technical colleges--institutions that primarily offer terminal programs in specific career-related fields rather than focusing on more general academic credentials and transfer programs as many comprehensive institutions do. Recent research observes…

Scott-Clayton, Judith; Weiss, Madeline Joy

2011-01-01

159

‘The degree is not enough’: students’ perceptions of the role of higher education credentials for graduate work and employability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The UK Government is calling upon higher education students to see their learning as an investment that will give them direct benefits in the labour market. At the same time, the relationship between educational credentials and their returns in labour market has been changing in recent times. Based on a qualitative study with 53 final?year undergraduate students in a pre?1992

Michael Tomlinson

2008-01-01

160

Transnational Geographies of Academic Distinction: The Role of Social Capital in the Recognition and Evaluation of "Overseas" Credentials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role of specific and place-based social capital in the recognition and evaluation of international credentials. Whilst research on labour market segmentation has contributed towards an understanding of the spatial variability of the value of human capital, very little attention has been paid to the ways in which the…

Waters, Johanna L.

2009-01-01

161

Credential Inflation and The Professional Doctorate in California Higher Education. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.1.04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article argues that the time has come to change California's 1960 Master Plan for higher education by permitting the California State University (CSU) to award the doctorate in selected professional programs. The article also addresses the inadequacies of the joint doctorate as the means to remedy degree or credential creep; the CSU's focus on…

La Belle, Thomas J.

2004-01-01

162

Lifelong Learners in British Columbia: Outcomes of Students Who Had Previous Credentials. Information Paper. Volume 6, Number 2, Winter 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year a large percentage of the former students who respond to the Diploma, Associate Degree, and Certificate Student Outcomes (DACSO) Survey say they have taken previous post-secondary education, and more than half of those students report that they have completed a previous credential. The purpose of this paper is to look at these former…

Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

2009-01-01

163

Credentialing results from IMRT irradiations of an anthropomorphic head and neck phantom  

PubMed Central

Purpose: This study was performed to report and analyze the results of the Radiological Physics Center's head and neck intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) phantom irradiations done by institutions seeking to be credentialed for participation in clinical trials using intensity modulated radiation therapy. Methods: The Radiological Physics Center's anthropomorphic head and neck phantom was sent to institutions seeking to participate in multi-institutional clinical trials. The phantom contained two planning target volume (PTV) structures and an organ at risk (OAR). Thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) and film dosimeters were imbedded in the PTV. Institutions were asked to image, plan, and treat the phantom as they would treat a patient. The treatment plan should cover at least 95% of the primary PTV with 6.6 Gy and at least 95% of the secondary PTV with 5.4 Gy. The plan should limit the dose to the OAR to less than 4.5 Gy. The passing criteria were ±7% for the TLD in the PTVs and a distance to agreement of 4 mm in the high dose gradient area between the PTV and the OAR. Pass rates for different delivery types, treatment planning systems (TPS), linear accelerators, and linear accelerator-planning system combinations were compared. Results: The phantom was irradiated 1139 times by 763 institutions from 2001 through 2011. 929 (81.6%) of the irradiations passed the criteria. 156 (13.7%) irradiations failed only the TLD criteria, 21 (1.8%) failed only the film criteria, and 33 (2.9%) failed both sets of criteria. Only 69% of the irradiations passed a narrowed TLD criterion of ±5%. Varian-Elipse and TomoTherapy-HiArt combinations had the highest pass rates, ranging from 90% to 93%. Varian-Pinnacle3, Varian-XiO, Siemens-Pinnacle3, and Elekta-Pinnacle3 combinations had pass rates that ranged from 66% to 81%. Conclusions: The head and neck phantom is a useful credentialing tool for multi-institutional IMRT clinical trials. The most commonly represented linear accelerator-planning system combinations can all pass the phantom, though some combinations had higher passing percentages than others. Tightening the criteria would significantly reduce the number of institutions passing the credentialing criteria. Causes for failures include incorrect data entered into the TPS, inexact beam modeling, and software and hardware failures.

Molineu, Andrea; Hernandez, Nadia; Nguyen, Trang; Ibbott, Geoffrey; Followill, David

2013-01-01

164

Challenges in Credentialing Institutions and Participants in Advanced Technology Multi-institutional Clinical Trials  

SciTech Connect

The Radiological Physics Center (RPC) has functioned continuously for 38 years to assure the National Cancer Institute and the cooperative groups that institutions participating in multi-institutional trials can be expected to deliver radiation treatments that are clinically comparable to those delivered by other institutions in the cooperative groups. To accomplish this, the RPC monitors the machine output, the dosimetry data used by the institutions, the calculation algorithms used for treatment planning, and the institutions' quality control procedures. The methods of monitoring include on-site dosimetry review by an RPC physicist and a variety of remote audit tools. The introduction of advanced technology clinical trials has prompted several study groups to require participating institutions and personnel to become credentialed, to ensure their familiarity and capability with techniques such as three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy, intensity-modulated radiotherapy, stereotactic body radiotherapy, and brachytherapy. The RPC conducts a variety of credentialing activities, beginning with questionnaires to evaluate an institution's understanding of the protocol and their capabilities. Treatment-planning benchmarks are used to allow the institution to demonstrate their planning ability and to facilitate a review of the accuracy of treatment-planning systems under relevant conditions. The RPC also provides mailable anthropomorphic phantoms to verify tumor dose delivery for special treatment techniques. While conducting these reviews, the RPC has amassed a large amount of data describing the dosimetry at participating institutions. Representative data from the monitoring programs are discussed, and examples are presented of specific instances in which the RPC contributed to the discovery and resolution of dosimetry errors.

Ibbott, Geoffrey S. [Radiological Physics Center, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)], E-mail: gibbott@mdanderson.org; Followill, David S.; Molineu, H. Andrea; Lowenstein, Jessica R.; Alvarez, Paola E.; Roll, Joye [Radiological Physics Center, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

2008-05-01

165

Urban Youth and School Pushout: Gateways, Get-aways, and the GED. Critical Youth Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent efforts to reform urban high schools have been marked by the pursuit of ever-increasing accountability policies, most notably through the use of high-stakes standardized testing, mayoral control, and secondary school exit exams. "Urban Youth and School Pushout" excavates the unintended consequences of such policies on secondary school…

Tuck, Eve

2011-01-01

166

Workers' Compensation and the "Alphabet Soup" of Credentials: How to Spell Success for the Rehabilitation Professional [and] Comments on Schiro-Geist and Donlon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schiro-Geist and Donlon describe the development of five types of credentials for rehabilitation professionals in workers' compensation, addressing the importance of accreditation to monitoring minimum standards. Comments by Thomas and Nolte are provided. (SK)

Schiro-Geist, Chrisann; And Others

1994-01-01

167

Armed with a GED  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is not an average classroom. All of the 15 students in the English class Christin M. Bradshaw is teaching on a late-October afternoon are dressed identically in desert fatigues and combat boots. All the young men have uniform buzz cuts. Outside, there is the faint popping of distant rifle practice and the shouted commands of drill sergeants…

Cech, Scott J.

2008-01-01

168

Targeted tumor-penetrating siRNA nanocomplexes for credentialing the ovarian cancer oncogene ID4.  

PubMed

The comprehensive characterization of a large number of cancer genomes will eventually lead to a compendium of genetic alterations in specific cancers. Unfortunately, the number and complexity of identified alterations complicate endeavors to identify biologically relevant mutations critical for tumor maintenance because many of these targets are not amenable to manipulation by small molecules or antibodies. RNA interference provides a direct way to study putative cancer targets; however, specific delivery of therapeutics to the tumor parenchyma remains an intractable problem. We describe a platform for the discovery and initial validation of cancer targets, composed of a systematic effort to identify amplified and essential genes in human cancer cell lines and tumors partnered with a novel modular delivery technology. We developed a tumor-penetrating nanocomplex (TPN) that comprised small interfering RNA (siRNA) complexed with a tandem tumor-penetrating and membrane-translocating peptide, which enabled the specific delivery of siRNA deep into the tumor parenchyma. We used TPN in vivo to evaluate inhibitor of DNA binding 4 (ID4) as a novel oncogene. Treatment of ovarian tumor-bearing mice with ID4-specific TPN suppressed growth of established tumors and significantly improved survival. These observations not only credential ID4 as an oncogene in 32% of high-grade ovarian cancers but also provide a framework for the identification, validation, and understanding of potential therapeutic cancer targets. PMID:22896676

Ren, Yin; Cheung, Hiu Wing; von Maltzhan, Geoffrey; Agrawal, Amit; Cowley, Glenn S; Weir, Barbara A; Boehm, Jesse S; Tamayo, Pablo; Karst, Alison M; Liu, Joyce F; Hirsch, Michelle S; Mesirov, Jill P; Drapkin, Ronny; Root, David E; Lo, Justin; Fogal, Valentina; Ruoslahti, Erkki; Hahn, William C; Bhatia, Sangeeta N

2012-08-15

169

Implementation of a Successful Incentive-Based Ultrasound Credentialing Program for Emergency Physicians  

PubMed Central

Introducion: With the rapid expansion of emergency ultrasound, resident education in ultrasound has become more clearly developed and broadly integrated. However, there still exists a lack of guidance in the training of physicians already in practice to become competent in this valuable skill. We sought to employ a step-wise, goal-directed, incentive-based credentialing program to educate emergency physicians in the use of emergency ultrasound. Successful completion of this program was the primary outcome. Methods: The goal was for the physicians to gain competency in 8 basic ultrasound examinations types: aorta, focused assessment with sonography in trauma, cardiac, renal, biliary, transabdominal pelvic, transvaginal pelvic, and deep venous thrombosis. We separated the 2.5 year training program into 4 distinct blocks, with each block focusing on 2 of the ultrasound examination types. Each block consisted of didactic and hands-on sessions with the goal of the physician completing 25 technically-adequate studies of each examination type. There was a financial incentive associated with completion of these requirements. Results: A total of 31 physicians participated in the training program. Only one physician, who retired prior to the end of the 2.5 year period, did not successfully complete the program. All have applied for and received hospital privileging in emergency ultrasound and incorporated it into their daily practice. Conclusion: We found that a step-wise, incentive-based ultrasound training program with a combination of didactics and ample hands-on teaching was successful in the training of physicians already in practice.

Budhram, Gavin; Elia, Tala; Rathlev, Niels

2013-01-01

170

Are the Educational Credentials of Immigrant and Native-Born Workers Perfect Substitutes in Canadian Labour Markets? A Production Function Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past two decades, most immigrants who arrived in the advanced nations of the western world originated in less advanced countries of the third world. One of the main barriers to their economic integration, as viewed in the public circles of host nations, is the lack of recognition of their educational credentials based on which the…

Akbari, Ather H.; Aydede, Yigit

2013-01-01

171

Report of a Study to Determine the Feasibility of Establishing a Central Foreign Credential Evaluation Service Under Non-Governmental Auspices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was conducted to determine whether a non-governmental Foreign Credential Evaluation Service (FCES) should be established and if so, what services it would provide, what the demand for these services would be, and what financial resources it would require. A survey of admissions officers at 223 educational institutions and representatives…

Frey, James F.

172

An Introduction to Credentialing Issues in Counselling and Some Main Counselling Groups in Australia (University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, May 6, 2005)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselling is an unregulated activity in Australia. As a developing profession in Australia counselling has two main general and many specialty counselling associations attempting to represent counselling to counsellors, clients, and government bodies. This has led to confusion about counselling credentialing efforts. A presentation was arranged…

Pelling, Nadine J.

2005-01-01

173

An advanced temporal credential-based security scheme with mutual authentication and key agreement for wireless sensor networks.  

PubMed

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be quickly and randomly deployed in any harsh and unattended environment and only authorized users are allowed to access reliable sensor nodes in WSNs with the aid of gateways (GWNs). Secure authentication models among the users, the sensor nodes and GWN are important research issues for ensuring communication security and data privacy in WSNs. In 2013, Xue et al. proposed a temporal-credential-based mutual authentication and key agreement scheme for WSNs. However, in this paper, we point out that Xue et al.'s scheme cannot resist stolen-verifier, insider, off-line password guessing, smart card lost problem and many logged-in users' attacks and these security weaknesses make the scheme inapplicable to practical WSN applications. To tackle these problems, we suggest a simple countermeasure to prevent proposed attacks while the other merits of Xue et al.'s authentication scheme are left unchanged. PMID:23887085

Li, Chun-Ta; Weng, Chi-Yao; Lee, Cheng-Chi

2013-01-01

174

Study of the Fundamental Bands of 70GeD 4 by High-Resolution Raman and Infrared Spectroscopy: First Experimental Determination of the Equilibrium Bond Length of Germane  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The four fundamental bands of 70GeD 4 have been analyzed using the STDS software developed in Dijon (http://www.u-bourgogne.fr/LPUB/sTDS.html). Both infrared and Raman spectra were used to observe all fundamental bands. Infrared spectra of monoisotopic 70GeD 4 were recorded in the regions 600 and 1500 cm -1 using the Bruker 120HR interferometer at Wuppertal. The resolution (1/maximum optical path difference) was between 2.3 and 3.3×10 -3 cm -1 for the ? 3 and ? 4 infrared-active fundamental bands as well as for the interacting ? 2 band. A high-resolution stimulated Raman spectrum of the ? 1 band has been recorded in Madrid. The instrumental resolution of the Raman spectrum was 3.3×10 -3 cm -1. We have performed a global fit of the ground state, ? 2/? 4 bending dyad, and ? 1/? 3 stretching dyad. We have used 1146, 139, and 676 assigned lines for ? 2/? 4, ? 1, and ? 3, respectively. The standard deviation is 2.2×10 -3 cm -1 for the bending dyad, 1.6×10 -3 cm -1 for the ? 3 infrared lines, and 1.7×10 -3 cm -1 for the ? 1 Raman lines. These results enabled us to perform the first experimental determination of the equilibrium bond length of germane as re=1.5173(1) Å.

Pierre, G.; Boudon, V.; MKadmi, E. B.; Bürger, H.; Bermejo, D.; Martínez, R.

2002-12-01

175

Global Recognition of Qualified Toxicologic Pathologists: Credential Review as a Potential Route for Recognizing the Proficiency of Pathologists Involved in Regulatory-type Nonclinical Studies*  

PubMed Central

Recent international summits of the International Federation of Societies of Toxicologic Pathologists (IFSTP) have debated the desirability and potential means by which the proficiency of an individual toxicologic pathologist might be recognized and communicated throughout the world. The present document describes the advantages and disadvantages of implementing such a global recognition system by any means, and provides a proposal whereby recognition might be accorded via rigorous credential review of a practitioner’s education and experience.

Ettlin, Robert A.; Bolon, Brad; Pyrah, Ian; Konishi, Yoichi; Black, Hugh E.

2009-01-01

176

IMRT credentialing for prospective trials using institutional virtual phantoms: results of a joint European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer and Radiological Physics Center project  

PubMed Central

Background and purpose Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) credentialing for a EORTC study was performed using an anthropomorphic head phantom from the Radiological Physics Center (RPC; RPCPH). Institutions were retrospectively requested to irradiate their institutional phantom (INSTPH) using the same treatment plan in the framework of a Virtual Phantom Project (VPP) for IMRT credentialing. Materials and methods CT data set of the institutional phantom and measured 2D dose matrices were requested from centers and sent to a dedicated secure EORTC uploader. Data from the RPCPH and INSTPH were thereafter centrally analyzed and inter-compared by the QA team using commercially available software (RIT; ver.5.2; Colorado Springs, USA). Results Eighteen institutions participated to the VPP. The measurements of 6 (33%) institutions could not be analyzed centrally. All other centers passed both the VPP and the RPC ±7%/4 mm credentialing criteria. At the 5%/5 mm gamma criteria (90% of pixels passing), 11(92%) as compared to 12 (100%) centers pass the credentialing process with RPCPH and INSTPH (p?=?0.29), respectively. The corresponding pass rate for the 3%/3 mm gamma criteria (90% of pixels passing) was 2 (17%) and 9 (75%; p?=?0.01), respectively. Conclusions IMRT dosimetry gamma evaluations in a single plane for a H&N prospective trial using the INSTPH measurements showed agreement at the gamma index criteria of ±5%/5 mm (90% of pixels passing) for a small number of VPP measurements. Using more stringent, criteria, the RPCPH and INSTPH comparison showed disagreement. More data is warranted and urgently required within the framework of prospective studies.

2014-01-01

177

Credentialing Preclinical Pediatric Xenograft Models Using Gene Expression and Tissue Microarray Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human tumor xenografts have been used extensively for rapid screening of the efficacy of anticancer drugs for the past 35 years. The selection of appropriate xenograft models for drug testing has been largely empirical and has not incorporated a similarity to the tumor type of origin at the molecular level. This study is the first comprehensive analysis of the tran-

Craig C. Whiteford; Sven Bilke; Braden T. Greer; Till A. Braunschweig; Nicola Cenacchi; Jun S. Wei; Malcolm A. Smith; Peter Houghton; Christopher Morton; C. Patrick Reynolds; Richard Lock; Richard Gorlick; Chand Khanna; Carol J. Thiele; Mikiko Takikita; Daniel Catchpoole; Stephen M. Hewitt; Javed Khan

2007-01-01

178

Toward a Rationale and Technical Specifications for an Adult High School Equivalency Exam. Research Monograph Number 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult educators in the state of New Jersey have expressed concern about the adequacy of the 1978 General Educational Development (GED) test. Based on these concerns research was conducted in the use and applicability of the current GED test. The project investigated whether the existing GED test was meeting the needs of the large majority of GED

Larson, Gordon A.; And Others

179

Friendly Biometric Credentials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

26 Mar 2010, the IPMSCG established a Quick Look Team (QLT) to identify ways DoD could enhance friendly-force identity management (IdM) capabilities with biometrics. IdM issues spans business, warfighter and defense intelligence mission areas. Each commun...

2011-01-01

180

Accurately measuring 'green' credentials.  

PubMed

In a slightly adapted version of article first published in the IFHE (International Federation of Hospital Engineering) Digest 2012, José Túnica, managing director, Carla Planas, BREEAM assessor, and Raquel Clemente, LEED AP BREEAM assessor, at Spanish independent engineering firm, JG Ingenieros, examine the impact on the design of hospitals and other healthcare buildings of some of the key environmental assessment schemes now in use internationally. PMID:24000544

Túnica, José; Planas, Carla; Clemente, Raquel

2013-08-01

181

How Principals Learn to Lead: The Comparative Influence of On-the-Job Experiences, Administrator Credential Programs, and the ISLLC Standards in the Development of Leadership Expertise among Urban Public School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the comparative influence of college administrator credential programs, on-the-job experiences, and the ISLLC Standards in the development of leadership expertise among urban public school principals. An exploratory, ex-post-facto research design used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. A survey…

Davis, Stephen H.; Leon, Ronald J.; Fultz, Miriam

2013-01-01

182

Project Re-Entry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Re-Entry was a follow-up study of the status of more than 5,000 former students of the Tri-County Opportunities Industrialization Center (OIC) in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, who either never completed the entire General Educational Development (GED) test battery or completed the entire GED battery but still lacked enough points to earn a GED

Tri-County Opportunities Industrialization Center, Inc., Harrisburg, PA.

183

To GED or Not To GED: AISD Dropout Recovery Programs, 1993-94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1993, the Austin (Texas) Independent School District (AISD) contracted with two community-based organizations to serve eligible AISD dropouts during the 1993-94 school year. The American Institute for Learning and Middle Earth Unlimited, Inc. provided services through the Creative Rapid Learning Center (CRLC) and the 78702 RAYS program,…

Wilkinson, David

184

Final Analysis of Evaluation of Homeschool and ChalleNGe Program Recruits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Conference Report of the National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 1999 directed the establishment of a 5-year pilot program requiring the Services to treat two groups as Tier 1 for enlistment eligibility purposes: (1) graduates of homeschools and (2) graduates of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program who also hold GED credentials

Wenger, Jennie W.; Hodari, April K.

2004-01-01

185

Testing, Testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Perhaps the most disturbing aspect of the current push for testing and accountability is a negative view of teachers and educational institutions. "Let's test these students and show what a poor job teachers and schools are doing. Then they'll have to shape up" seems the attitude of many proponents of accountability. This attitude presumes that, without outside oversight, teachers and schools are unable or unwilling to evaluate their students objectively and use such evaluations to improve education. I do not believe that this is true in most cases, and even if it were, simply introducing testing and accountability is unlikely to solve the problem. Testing and test taking are too easily influenced by factors other than students' inherent abilities to serve as the sole measure of academic success. Testing and accountability are not a silver bullet that will solve the problems of American education. They appear more likely to be a smokescreen behind which their proponents can abdicate responsibility for providing facilities that enhance learning and dedicated, well-prepared teachers who can objectively evaluate their own students.

Literature Cited

  1. Delbanco, A. Academia's Overheated Competition; The New York Times, March 16, 2001, p A21.

    Moore, John W.

    2001-07-01

186

The Credentials of Brain-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the current fashion for brain-based learning, in which value-laden claims about learning are grounded in neurophysiology. It argues that brain science cannot have the authority about learning that some seek to give it. It goes on to discuss whether the claim that brain science is relevant to learning involves a category…

Davis, Andrew

2004-01-01

187

Credentialing, the most important function for success.  

PubMed

After years of attempting to control costs by changing providers' behavior and practice patterns, it has become apparent that the solution lies in the study and cooperation of practitioners. Computers, reports, analysis, and payment reforms have discovered the truth: Many physicians and hospitals have always provided high-quality care efficiently. Costs will be controlled when these providers dominate the health care delivery system. PMID:10110139

Saalwaechter, J J

1991-01-01

188

History syndrome or Popperian credentials of Geology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth-science is greatly concerned with history. It is argued by some that a historical discipline is not a science. This is contrary to the conclusion from the demarcation criteria of Popper, set to separate science from formal disciplines such as metaphysics, mathematics and logic. Others have spoken of the unity of all sciences. Classification of intellectual activities is based on genus proximum and differentia specifica. Hence the two viewpoints can be readily reconciled. Earth-science has been criticized variously for being descriptive, inductive, explanatory, etc. Other historical and concrete sciences have also attracted similar adverse comments. These issues are discussed at length to argue that Popper’s work should be extended further to define a demarcation of science into immanent and historical. It is also argued that the rigour of cognitive and logical determinants of science is not an adequate reason to embrace sociological models of science. Further, sociological/logical models of science present a misleading dichotomy.

Moharir, P. S.

1993-06-01

189

Credentials for the Massage Therapy Profession  

MedlinePLUS

... Workplace Options Business Finances Career Path Quiz Job Bank Job Bank AMTA's Customized Job Bank Works for You Search massage therapy jobs in ... open positions and resumes for free. AMTA Job Bank » Get Started Find Jobs Sign up for Job ...

190

Simulation of surface potential decay of corona char ged polyimide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surface potential decay (SPD) of corona charged polyimide (PI) films has been studied using different initial potentials Vo. It has been noticed that the rate of decay increases with initial charging levels. Surface potential profile over the surface of the PI films and return potential generated after charge neutralization have been also experimentally recorded. In order to analyse and explain

Zehira Ziari; Salah Sahli; Azzedine Bellel; Yvan Segui; Patrice Raynaud

2011-01-01

191

Barriers Affecting GED Participation among Recent High School Dropouts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of the Deterrents to Participation Scale completed by 119 General Educational Development participants aged 16-23 revealed the following: (1) no differences between black and white students; (2) statistically significant differences between men and women and urban and rural residents; and (3) family constraints as the only factor with…

King, Craig

2002-01-01

192

Testing, Testing and More Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses that the use of standardized test results as a means for making any important decision about children's schooling should be opposed by teachers and parents. An alternative to standardized testing is proposed. (Author/DB)

Perrone, Vito

1981-01-01

193

Teaching Basic Writing Skills to Adults: Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains an annotated bibliography of 19 sources of information for instructors of General Educational Development Test (GED) preparation classes and adult basic education classes. An introduction discusses the literature search that identified materials and information to help GED instructors teach adult education, generally, and…

Johnson, Dell

194

"Second-Chance" Strategies for Female School Dropouts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young female dropouts may make several kinds of educational investments, all of which enhance earned income. Completing the General Educational Development (GED) Test increases income 25%; GED plus 1 year of training or college increases it 50%. How4ver, the increase in earnings is not enough to lift a family out of poverty. (Contains 312 notes…

Boudett, Katheryn Parker; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.

2000-01-01

195

What State Tests Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What the Illinois Goal Assessment Program (IGAP) test actually tests and the consequences of these tests for funding decisions were studied with a random sample of 100 school districts in the Cook County suburbs of Chicago. Eighth-grade IGAP scores for reading were obtained from the state report card, a document prepared by each school district…

McGee, Glenn W.

196

Power enhancement via multivariate outlier testing with gene expression arrays  

PubMed Central

Motivation: As the use of microarrays in human studies continues to increase, stringent quality assurance is necessary to ensure accurate experimental interpretation. We present a formal approach for microarray quality assessment that is based on dimension reduction of established measures of signal and noise components of expression followed by parametric multivariate outlier testing. Results: We applied our approach to several data resources. First, as a negative control, we found that the Affymetrix and Illumina contributions to MAQC data were free from outliers at a nominal outlier flagging rate of ?=0.01. Second, we created a tunable framework for artificially corrupting intensity data from the Affymetrix Latin Square spike-in experiment to allow investigation of sensitivity and specificity of quality assurance (QA) criteria. Third, we applied the procedure to 507 Affymetrix microarray GeneChips processed with RNA from human peripheral blood samples. We show that exclusion of arrays by this approach substantially increases inferential power, or the ability to detect differential expression, in large clinical studies. Availability: http://bioconductor.org/packages/2.3/bioc/html/arrayMvout.html and http://bioconductor.org/packages/2.3/bioc/html/affyContam.html affyContam (credentials: readonly/readonly) Contact: aasare@immunetolerance.org; stvjc@channing.harvard.edu

Asare, Adam L.; Carey, Vincent J.; Wang, Richard; Seyfert-Margolis, Vicki

2009-01-01

197

What IQ Tests Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

As we approach the centenary of the first practical intelligence test, there is still little scientific agreement about how human intel- ligence should be described, whether IQ tests actually measure it, and if they don't, what they actually do measure. The controversies and debates that result are well known. This paper brings together results and theory rarely considered (at least

Ken Richardson

2002-01-01

198

Test Architecture, Test Retrofit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just like buildings, tests are designed and built for specific purposes, people, and uses. However, both buildings and tests grow and change over time as the needs of their users change. Sometimes, they are also both used for purposes other than those intended in the original designs. This paper explores architecture as a metaphor for language…

Fulcher, Glenn; Davidson, Fred

2009-01-01

199

Implementation of the Panasonic TLD (Thermoluminescent Dosimeter) system for personnel monitoring at the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

In January 1987, the dosimetry system at the Nevada Test Site changed from a film badge dosimetry program to the Panasonic Thermoluminescent Dosimeter (TLD) system to monitor external radiation exposure to personnel working at the Nevada Test Site. In order to implement the Panasonic TLD system, a combination dosimeter and security credential badge holder had to be developed, a computer processing system developed, a dose processing algorithm developed and enough Panasonic UD802AS2 TLDs purchased to support a large quarterly exchange. Problems that had to be resolved during the first year of operation were: processing approximately 15,000 dosimeters per quarter; multiple exchange of the same dosimeter in the same quarter due to incoming visitors and vendors; late returns due to the unique user community at the Nevada Test Site; TLD damage experience and unusual TLD anomalies. The experience from the original planning stages for conversion to the TLD system to the reality of the implementation of this system will be discussed.

DeMarre, M.; Teasdale, C.L.; Sygitowicz, L.S.

1988-01-01

200

Pinworm test  

MedlinePLUS

Oxyuriasis test; Enterobiasis test; Tape test ... diagnose this infection is to do a tape test. The best time to do this is in ... to confirm that there are eggs. The tape test may need to be done on three separate ...

201

PBG test  

MedlinePLUS

Porphobilinogen test ... stop taking drugs that may interfere with the test. On day 1, urinate into the toilet when ... stop taking certain drugs that may interfere with test results. Drugs that can affect test results include: ...

202

Coombs’ test  

MedlinePLUS

Direct antiglobulin test; Indirect antiglobulin test ... No special preparation is necessary for this test. ... There are two types of the Coombs' test: Direct Indirect The ... that are stuck to the surface of red blood cells. Many diseases ...

203

Procalcitonin Test  

MedlinePLUS

... sample drawn from a vein in your arm Test Preparation Needed? None The Test Sample What is being tested? Procalcitonin is a ... a blood sample and throat culture. Is any test preparation needed to ensure the quality of the ...

204

Challenges of Recruiting Candidates with Strong Academic Credentials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major challenge to improving science education lies in the shortage of qualified science teachers. A potential solution to this challenge consists of directing the energy and talent of graduate students and postdoctoral scientists to reinvigorate science education in schools. This requires creating new, more accessible pathways for science…

Denton, Jon; Davis, Trina

2007-01-01

205

Training for Hospital Practice: Internships, Residencies, and Credentials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Benefits of hospital-based internship and residency programs for training psychologists are discussed, along with issues concerning licensing or certification. In hospitals, interns and residents are exposed to unusual and diverse forms of physical and mental pathology, as well as contact with a diverse patient population crossing all ages, racial…

Resnick, Robert J.

206

Personnel Preparation and Credentialing in Speech-Language Pathology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of graduate programs in communication sciences and disorders train generalists who may not be prepared for the unique demands of employment in the schools (e.g., curriculum-based assessments, classroom-based interventions, collaborative consultation) because the complexities of caseloads and the roles and responsibilities of…

Whitmire, Kathleen A.; Eger, Diane L.

2004-01-01

207

Coming Soon to Your Favorite Credential Program: National Exit Exams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an October 22, 2010, speech to teacher educators at Columbia University's Teachers College, Secretary of Education Arne Duncan proclaimed that revolutionary change in the education of teachers is essential if the problems facing U.S. society and U.S. schools are to be solved. Toward the end of his speech, he declared that a standardized…

Berlak, Ann

2010-01-01

208

Workshop: Credentialing of Anticoagulation Providers: A Proposed Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The winter 1997 survey of Anticoagulation Forum members identified a strong desire for an anticoagulation provider certification program. The Anticoagulation Provider Certification Working Group (APCWG) is a multidisciplinary committee formed (1) to develop the objectives and process required to achieve the competencies for anticoagulation therapy providers, (2) to propose a framework for a national certification process that validates achievement of

Gordon J. Vanscoy; William Rock

1998-01-01

209

Credentialing behavior analysts and the Florida behavior analysis certification program  

PubMed Central

Nearly 1,000 professions are regulated in one or more of the 50 states. Behavior analysis is not regulated as a distinct profession except in Florida. Typically, the regulation of behavior analysis is subsumed within other professions (such as psychology) whose practices often differ considerably from those of behavior analysis. This paper provides an overview of the common methods of regulation and discusses the pros and cons of regulating behavior analysis independently of other professions. It also describes how one state agency in Florida has regulated behavior analysts through the Behavior Analysis Certification Program, with a historical summary of the development of the training curriculum and certification examination and description of current efforts to refine and expand the regulation of behavior analysts. Suggestions for establishing formal regulation of behavior analysts in other states are also given. ImagesFigure 2

Starin, Stephen; Hemingway, Michael; Hartsfield, Fae

1993-01-01

210

Efficient implementation of anonymous credentials on Java Card smart cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Direct Anonymous Attestation scheme allows to map procedures with an imperative requirement for anonymity, such as voting, to the electronic world while offering provable security. However, the scheme is complex and requires demanding computations to be performed on a tamper-proof device. Such devices, e.g. secure smart cards, are typically resource constrained. We present the first implementation of the (simplified)

M. Sterckx; B. Gierlichs; B. Preneel; I. Verbauwhede

2009-01-01

211

Credentials versus Performance: Review of the Teacher Performance Pay Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine the economic case for merit or performance-based pay for K-12 teachers. We review several areas of germane research. The direct evaluation literature on these incentive plans is slender; highly diverse in terms of methodology, targeted populations, and programs evaluated; and primarily focused on short-run motivational…

Podgursky, Michael; Springer, Matthew G.

2007-01-01

212

The Impact of Teacher Credentials on ADHD Stigma Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. It is associated with high levels of stigma, which may lead to treatment barriers, self-fulfilling prophecies, and social rejection. This study established the reliability of the ADHD Stigma Questionnaire…

Bell, Lindsay; Long, Susanne; Garvan, Cynthia; Bussing, Regina

2011-01-01

213

Dynamic Accumulators and Application to Efficient Revocation of Anonymous Credentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce the notion of a dynamic accumulator .A n ac- cumulator scheme allows one to hash a large set of inputs into one short value, such that there is a short proof that a given input was incorporated into this value. A dynamic accumulator allows one to dynamically add and delete a value, such that the cost of an

Jan Camenisch; Anna Lysyanskaya

2002-01-01

214

Signature Schemes and Anonymous Credentials from Bilinear Maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new and efficient signature scheme that is prov- ably secure in the plain model. The security of our scheme is based on a discrete-logarithm-based assumption put forth by Lysyanskaya, Rivest, Sahai, and Wolf (LRSW) who also showed that it holds for generic groups and is independent of the decisional Diffie-Hellman assumption. We prove security of our scheme

Jan Camenisch; Anna Lysyanskaya

2004-01-01

215

Research Administrator Salary: Association with Education, Experience, Credentials and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2010 Research Administrators Stress Perception Survey (2010 RASPerS) collected data from 1,131 research administrators on salary, years experience, educational level, Certified Research Administrator (CRA) status, and gender. Using these data, comparisons were made to show how salary levels are associated with each of these variables. Using…

Shambrook, Jennifer; Roberts, Thomas J.; Triscari, Robert

2011-01-01

216

"Griggs v. Duke Power": Implications for College Credentialing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is about a court case decided by the U. S. Supreme Court in 1971. Although attorneys recognize that the case is important to businesses, its impact on colleges and universities has been explored by only a few. As this paper will show, "Griggs v. Duke Power" may have enormously boosted the number of students in college and may have…

O'Keefe, Bryan; Vedder, Richard

2008-01-01

217

49 CFR 1570.9 - Inspection of credential.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...has been issued or who possesses a TWIC must allow his or her TWIC to be read by a reader and must submit his or her reference biometric, such as a fingerprint, and any other required information, such as a PIN, to the reader, upon a request from TSA,...

2013-10-01

218

Credentials Versus Performance: Review of the Teacher Performance Pay Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we examine the economic case for merit or performance-based pay for K–12 teachers. We review several areas of germane research. The direct evaluation literature on these incentive plans is slender; highly diverse in terms of methodology, targeted populations, and programs evaluated; and primarily focused on short-run motivational effects. It is nonetheless fairly consistent in finding positive program

Michael Podgursky; Matthew G. Springer

2007-01-01

219

Anatomists Debate the Value of a Teaching Credential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fewer and fewer programs are training graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in the classical anatomical disciplines. Nonetheless, there remains a need at all levels of clinical and basic science education for skilled instructors of anatomy, histology, and embryology. Two sessions at the 2006 annual meeting of the American Association of…

Rizzolo, Lawrence J.; Drake, Richard L.

2008-01-01

220

Anatomists debate the value of a teaching credential  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a series of conversations taken place at the 2006 American Association of Anatomists (AAA) aimed at the discussion of potentially creating a program that accredits anatomy, histology and embryology instructors as well as instilling a goals (objectives) based learning program across anatomy courses. The article lays out the outcomes of the discussion and challenges involved in creating an anatomy teaching program.

2008-03-01

221

Doing Good and Doing Well: Credentialism and Teach for America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, Teach for America (TFA) has placed thousands of high-achieving college graduates in hard-to-staff schools, and its popularity continues to grow. TFA thus represents an anomaly: it attracts higher education's top students to primary and secondary education's least desired jobs. This article reviews the current explanations for…

Maier, Adam

2012-01-01

222

VDRL test  

MedlinePLUS

The VDRL test is a screening test for syphilis. It measures substances, called antibodies, that your body ... come in contact with the bacteria that causes syphilis. This bacteria is called Treponema pallidum. The test ...

223

Test Madness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There's accountability and then there's the testing craze an iatrogenic practice that undermines real learning. Hedrick documents the negative effects of testing, giving teachers another weapon in their arsenal against mindless preparation for high-stakes tests.

Hedrick, Wanda B., Ed.

2007-01-01

224

Urodynamic Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... no anesthesia is needed. Uroflowmetry equipment Postvoid Residual Measurement This urodynamic test measures the amount of urine ... with local anesthesia. Cystometric test Leak Point Pressure Measurement This urodynamic test measures pressure at the point ...

225

HPV Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Was this page helpful? Also known as: HPV DNA Formal name: Genital Human Papillomavirus Related tests: Pap ... in males; however, some specialty labs have validated DNA tests for analyzing anal swabs from males. Test ...

226

Leak testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Leak-testing methods for gas and liquid systems are described. The physical principles of molecular, liquid, and gas flow; relations of leak-testing methods and instrumentation; and tracer gases used in testing vacuum systems are discussed.

Engelhardt, R. E.

1973-01-01

227

Pharmacogenomic Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... Financial Planning Who Should I Tell? Genetic Testing & Counseling Compensation for Genetic Testing Whole Genome Sequencing Screening vs. Testing What Is Genetic Counseling? Participating in Research Disease Research Patient Privacy Clinical ...

228

Fungal Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... this website will be limited. Search Help? Fungal Tests Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ... body fluids, blood, and/or a tissue biopsy . Test Preparation Needed? None The Test Sample What is ...

229

Thyroid Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... the thyroid, a computerized tomography (CT) scan, or nuclear medicine tests, to diagnose and find the cause ... is having the scan for other health problems. Nuclear medicine tests. Nuclear medicine tests of the thyroid ...

230

Pregnancy Tests  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Publications > Our publications > Our publications Publications Pregnancy tests fact sheet Print this fact sheet Pregnancy tests fact sheet (full version) (PDF, 824 KB) Pregnancy tests fact sheet health snapshot (one- ...

231

Testing Services  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Trace Laboratories is an independent testing laboratory specializing in testing printed circuit boards, automotive products and military hardware. Technical information from NASA Tech Briefs and two subsequent JPL Technical Support packages have assisted Trace in testing surface insulation resistance on printed circuit board materials. Testing time was reduced and customer service was improved because of Jet Propulsion Laboratory technical support packages.

1993-01-01

232

Testing Components  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our goal is to investigate specication-base d approaches to testing OO components. That is, given a class C and its specication, how do we test C to see if it meets its spec- ication? Two important requirements that we impose on the testing approach are that it must not require access to the source code of the class under test;

Neelam Soundarajan; Benjamin Tyler

233

Bilirubin Test  

MedlinePLUS

... requirements vary by laboratory; ask your lab or health care provider for instructions. The Test Sample What is being tested? Bilirubin is an ... requirements vary by laboratory. Ask your lab or health care provider for instructions. You ... the test. The Test How is it used? When is ...

234

Perpetual Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Perpetual Testing project was part of the High Assurance Cluster of projects in the DARPA Evolutionary Design of Complex Software Program. The Perpetual Testing project as a whole was a collaboration of Purdue University (continued at the University o...

M. Young

2003-01-01

235

Humidity Tests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Describes test methods and techniques for evaluating the effects of high and low humidity on various types of military equipment. Humidity tests of two types are described: (1) High Humidity and Temperature and (2) Low Humidity and High Temperature.

1979-01-01

236

Genetic Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... on to their children Screening embryos for disease Testing for genetic diseases in adults before they cause ... provide information about the pros and cons of testing. NIH: National Human Genome Research Institute

237

RPR test  

MedlinePLUS

... couples be screened for syphilis before getting a marriage license. The test is also used to see ... accurate. False-negatives may occur in persons with early- and late-stage syphilis. More testing may be ...

238

Tensilon test  

MedlinePLUS

... dummy medicine (inactive placebo) is given during this test. The health care provider gives the medicine through one of your ... fainting or breathing failure. This is why the test is done by a health care provider in a medical setting.

239

ACT Test  

MedlinePLUS

... a satellite laboratory. ^ Back to top 2. Can lupus anticoagulant interfere with the ACT test? The ACT test is generally not affected by lupus anticoagulant (LAC). Nevertheless, the presence of LAC has ...

240

Plant Tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Plants are the most important terrestrial primary producers, forming the basis of all ecosystems. Therefore, they are an indispensable\\u000a part of any test set for the ecotoxicological characterization of wastes. In the ring test, following ISO standard guideline\\u000a 11269-2, the plant growth test was performed with three waste types INC, SOI, and WOO. A total of 107 tests (55 with

B. Foerster; C. Firla; T. Junker

241

Tested Demonstrations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three flame test demonstrations including "Student-Presented Demonstrations on the Colors of Transition Metal Complexes,""A Flame Test Demonstration Device," and "Vivid Flame Tests." Preparation and procedures are discussed. Included in the first demonstration is an evaluation scheme for grading student demonstrations. (CW)

Gilbert, George L., Ed.

1988-01-01

242

Teacher Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A one-page introduction is followed by summaries of articles and documents on teacher competency testing. George F. Madaus argues that, although tests serve some useful functions, treating them as a major mechanism for reforming education is questionable. Peter A. Garcia examines the negative impact of testing on minority teachers and minorities…

Dunn, Judy; And Others

1987-01-01

243

Scenario Testing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This subset of the Black Box Software Testing collection includes resources to teach Scenario Testing. The scenario test involves a story about how the program is used, including information about the motivations of the people involved. The Soap Opera emphasizes the human issues, even beyond the traditional scenario. Resources include lecture videos, slides, activities, suggested readings, and study guide materials.

Kaner, Cem; Fiedler, Rebecca L.

2011-06-01

244

Schilling test  

MedlinePLUS

Vitamin B12 absorption test ... This test may be done in four different stages to find the cause of a low vitamin B12 level. ... can absorb vitamin B12. Stage II of the test can tell whether a low vitamin B12 level ...

245

Odor test  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To prevent the use of spacecraft material that would outgas objectionable or nauseating odors, an odor test was developed. This test provided a means whereby candidate spacecraft materials were subjected to a particular environment and the outgassed products were evaluated by an odor panel. This panel was comprised of individuals with acute olfactory senses. The test results of the odor panel provided design engineers with data regarding potential material-odor problems. The odor-test procedure, panel-member selection, and odor scoring methods are described and typical test results are presented.

Schluter, L. A.; Pippen, D. L.

1971-01-01

246

Analytical testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analytical methods for combining flight acceleration and strain data with shake test mobility data to predict the effects of structural changes on flight vibrations and strains are presented. This integration of structural dynamic analysis with flight performance is referred to as analytical testing. The objective of this methodology is to analytically estimate the results of flight testing contemplated structural changes with minimum flying and change trials. The category of changes to the aircraft includes mass, stiffness, absorbers, isolators, and active suppressors. Examples of applying the analytical testing methodology using flight test and shake test data measured on an AH-1G helicopter are included. The techniques and procedures for vibration testing and modal analysis are also described.

Flannelly, W. G.; Fabunmi, J. A.; Nagy, E. J.

1981-01-01

247

KRAS Testing  

PubMed Central

Activating point mutations in codons 12, 13, and 61 of the KRAS proto-oncogene are common in colorectal, non–small cell lung, pancreatic, and thyroid cancers. Constitutively activated KRAS mutations are strongly associated with a resistance to anti–epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapies, such as panitumumab and cetuximab used for treating metastatic colorectal carcinoma and EGFR tyrosine inhibitors used for advanced non–small cell lung cancers. Since anti-EGFR therapies are costly and may exert deleterious effects on individuals without activating mutations, KRAS mutation testing is recommended prior to the initiation of anti-EGFR therapy for these malignancies. The goal of this review is to summarize the KRAS mutation testing methods. Testing is now routinely requested in the clinical practice to provide data to assign the most appropriate anticancer chemotherapy for each given patient. Review of the most relevant literature was performed. Several areas were considered: ordering of the test, selection of the sample to be tested, and review of the testing methodologies. We found that several different methods are used for clinical KRAS mutation testing. Each of the methodologies is described, and information is provided about their performance, cost, turnaround times, detection limits, sensitivities, and specificities. We also provided “tips” for the appropriate selection and preparation of the sample to be tested. This is an important aspect of KRAS testing for clinical use, as the results of the test will affect clinical decisions with consequences for the patient.

Shackelford, Rodney E.; Whitling, Nicholas A.; McNab, Patricia; Japa, Shanker

2012-01-01

248

A Comparison of the Self-Descriptions of High School Completion (GED) Dropouts and Persisters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in self-descriptive patterns of adults who dropped out of high school completion courses and those who completed their courses were examined using the Adjective Check List (ACL) to measure adult personality attributes. Subjects (N=142) were asked to endorse those adjectives which best described themselves and to skip those which did…

Rolfe, Paula G.; Wilson, Russell C.

249

Exploratory Testing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This subset of the Black Box Software Testing collection includes resources to teach Exploratory Testing. Software testing is a technical investigation conducted to provide stakeholders with empirical information about the quality of a software product, system or service. The investigation includes research necessary to design information-revealing tests and interpret their results, building tools and data sets to make those tests possible, and communication necessary to report results to stakeholders in an effective way. Like any skilled tester, the explorer does all of these. The difference is that the explorer does them in any sequence that is useful, mixing research, design, execution, interpretation, and communication so as to keep exposing new information and keep up with the ongoing changes in market, platform, design, and implementation of the software under test. Resources include lecture videos, slides, activities, and suggested readings.

Kaner, Cem; Fiedler, Rebecca L.

2011-06-01

250

Trypsinogen Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Cancer , Pancreatitis , Pancreatic Insufficiency , Pancreatic Diseases Screening: Screening Tests for Newborns Elsewhere On The Web Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Cystic Fibrosis Canada National Heart ...

251

Crushing Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners design a crushing test and discover that identifying and controlling the variables may be difficult. Although the crushing test will not give conclusive results, it is a good opportunity to discuss variables and why they are sometimes difficult to control. This crushing test is also a good example of how a particular test does not always give enough information to answer a question. This is a follow-up to the activity called "Curious Crystals," in which learners investigate crystals and their properties to identify an unknown crystal.

Kessler, James H.; Galvan, Patricia M.

2007-01-01

252

Pediatric Residents' Learning Styles and Temperaments and Their Relationships to Standardized Test Scores  

PubMed Central

Background Board certification is an important professional qualification and a prerequisite for credentialing, and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) assesses board certification rates as a component of residency program effectiveness. To date, research has shown that preresidency measures, including National Board of Medical Examiners scores, Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society membership, or medical school grades poorly predict postresidency board examination scores. However, learning styles and temperament have been identified as factors that 5 affect test-taking performance. The purpose of this study is to characterize the learning styles and temperaments of pediatric residents and to evaluate their relationships to yearly in-service and postresidency board examination scores. Methods This cross-sectional study analyzed the learning styles and temperaments of current and past pediatric residents by administration of 3 validated tools: the Kolb Learning Style Inventory, the Keirsey Temperament Sorter, and the Felder-Silverman Learning Style test. These results were compared with known, normative, general and medical population data and evaluated for correlation to in-service examination and postresidency board examination scores. Results The predominant learning style for pediatric residents was converging 44% (33 of 75 residents) and the predominant temperament was guardian 61% (34 of 56 residents). The learning style and temperament distribution of the residents was significantly different from published population data (P ?=? .002 and .04, respectively). Learning styles, with one exception, were found to be unrelated to standardized test scores. Conclusions The predominant learning style and temperament of pediatric residents is significantly different than that of the populations of general and medical trainees. However, learning styles and temperament do not predict outcomes on standardized in-service and board examinations in pediatric residents.

Tuli, Sanjeev Y.; Thompson, Lindsay A.; Saliba, Heidi; Black, Erik W.; Ryan, Kathleen A.; Kelly, Maria N.; Novak, Maureen; Mellott, Jane; Tuli, Sonal S.

2011-01-01

253

Strength Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Postural deviations resulting from strength and flexibility imbalances include swayback, scoliosis, and rounded shoulders. Screening tests are one method for identifying strength problems. Tests for the evaluation of postural problems are described, and exercises are presented for the strengthening of muscles. (JN)

Londeree, Ben R.

1981-01-01

254

Nondestructive testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to determine the effectiveness of a given nondestructive testing inspection procedure, trials must be conducted to compare predicted and actual defect sizes. Procedures based on magnetic particle inspection seem to be the most appropriate for detecting surface breaking cracks. Other procedures are required to measure crack depth. It will soon be possible for properly validated nondestructive testing equipment

1985-01-01

255

Optical testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Optical testing is one of the most vital elements in the process of preparing an optical instrument for launch. Without well understood, well controlled, and well documented test procedures, current and future mission goals will be jeopardized. We should keep in mind that the reason we test is to provide an opportunity to catch errors, oversights, and problems on the ground, where solutions are possible and difficulties can be rectified. Consequently, it is necessary to create tractable test procedures that truly provide a measure of the performance of all optical elements and systems under conditions which are close to those expected in space. Where testing is not feasible, accurate experiments are required in order to perfect models that can exactly predict the optical performance. As we stretch the boundaries of technology to perform more complex space and planetary investigations, we must expand the technology required to test the optical components and systems which we send into space. As we expand the observational wavelength ranges, so must we expand our range of optical sources and detectors. As we increase resolution and sensitivity, our understanding of optical surfaces to accommodate more stringent figure and scatter requirements must expand. Only with research and development in these areas can we hope to achieve success in the ever increasing demands made on optical testing by the highly sophisticated missions anticipated over the next two decades. Technology assessment and development plan for surface figure, surface roughness, alignment, image quality, radiometric quantities, and stray light measurement are presented.

Wyant, James; Hochberg, Eric; Breault, Robert; Greivenkamp, John; Hunt, Gary; Mason, Pete; Mcguire, James; Meinel, Aden; Morris, Mike; Scherr, Larry

1992-01-01

256

Hypothesis Testing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Kyle Siegrist of the University of Alabama-Huntsville, this is an online, interactive lesson on hypothesis testing. The author provides examples, exercises, and applets about the concept. These include tests in the normal model, Bernoulli Model and two-sample normal model as well as likelihood ratio and goodness of fit tests. Additionally, the author provides a set of external resources for students looking to further their study of this topic. This is simply one of seventeen different statistics lessons provided by the author. They are easily accessed as this site is formatted much like an online textbook.

Siegrist, Kyle

2009-02-19

257

Collaborative Testing and Test Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research concluded that collaborative learning reduces test anxiety. Examination of the evidence used in that research, however, calls into question those conclusions. The present study used an empirical measure of test anxiety and an experimental design to provide an improved estimate of the effect of collaboration in an evaluative context…

Breedlove, William; Burkett, Tracy; Winfield, Idee

2004-01-01

258

Insulin Test  

MedlinePLUS

... glucose levels, and has a role in lipid metabolism . This test measures the amount of insulin in ... insulin used today is synthetic, made by biochemical synthesis to identically match the biological activity of the ...

259

Chloride Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Formal name: Chloride Related tests: Sodium , Potassium , Bicarbonate , Electrolytes , Comprehensive Metabolic Panel , Basic Metabolic Panel , Blood Gases ... if there is a problem with your body's electrolyte balance or acid-base balance and to monitor ...

260

Perpetual Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The University of Massachusetts participated with Purdue University and the University of California at Irvine (under separate contractual efforts) in a teamed research effort to advance the state-of-the-art in software testing. The University of Massachu...

L. J. Osterwell L. A. Clarke

2003-01-01

261

Mono Test  

MedlinePLUS

... through http://emedicine.medscape.com . Accessed May 2009. Smith, D. S. (Updated 2008 September 3). Mononucleosis. MedlinePlus Medical ... medlineplus/ency/article/000591.htm . Accessed May 2009. Smith, D. S. (Updated 2008 September 3). Mononucleosis spot test. ...

262

Tested Demonstrations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included are three demonstrations that include the phase change of ice when under pressure, viscoelasticity and colloid systems, and flame tests for metal ions. The materials, procedures, probable results, and applications to real life situations are included. (KR)

Gilbert, George L.

1990-01-01

263

Permeability Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource from the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur provides an outline of constant head and falling head permeability tests of soil. This is a great resource for anyone studying geology and soil science.

2008-05-16

264

Pap Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Home About My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search Image Details Pap Test View/Download: Small: 698x637 View ... Added: 2/26/2010 Reuse Restrictions: Yes - This image is copyright protected. Any use of this image ...

265

Genomic Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... may increase or decrease a person’s risk of common diseases, such as cancer or diabetes. Such tests and ... genomic technologies have the potential to help prevent common disease and improve the health of individuals and populations. ...

266

Sweat Test  

MedlinePLUS

... are frequently used: sweat chloride concentration and sweat conductivity measurement. Sweat chloride analysis is recommended as the diagnostic test for CF. Sweat conductivity may be used to screen for CF. How ...

267

Testosterone Test  

MedlinePLUS

... organ fat), insulin resistance , and increased risk of coronary artery disease . In females, testosterone testing may be done ... albumin (38%), the main protein in the fluid portion of the blood, or bound to a specific ...

268

Pregnancy test  

MedlinePLUS

... hormone in the body called human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). HCG is a hormone produced during pregnancy. It appears ... of blood tests: Qualitative, which measures whether the HCG hormone is present Quantitative, which measures how much ...

269

VMA Test  

MedlinePLUS

... sample will need to be sent to a reference laboratory . ^ Back to top 3. Will my results be ... D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp ...

270

Toxoplasma test  

MedlinePLUS

... Toxoplasma gondii . The parasite causes an infection called toxoplasmosis . The infection is a danger to a developing ... the health care provider suspects that you have toxoplasmosis. In pregnant women, the test is done to: ...

271

Potassium Test  

MedlinePLUS

... as: K Formal name: Potassium Related tests: Chloride , Sodium , Bicarbonate , Electrolytes , Basic Metabolic Panel , Comprehensive Metabolic Panel , Aldosterone ... function. Potassium, along with other electrolytes such as sodium , chloride , and bicarbonate (total CO2) , helps regulate the amount of fluid ...

272

Bicarbonate Test  

MedlinePLUS

... CO 2 Content; Bicarb; HCO 3 - Formal name: Bicarbonate Related tests: Electrolytes ; Sodium ; Potassium ; Chloride ; CMP ; BMP ; Blood Gases Total CO 2 or bicarbonate is different than the partial pressure of CO ...

273

Lactate Test  

MedlinePLUS

... affect normal ATP production Strenuous exercise, as with marathon runners How is the sample collected for testing? ... affect normal ATP production Strenuous exercise, as with marathon runners When a patient is being treated for ...

274

Bernstein test  

MedlinePLUS

Acid perfusion test ... your nose and into your esophagus. Mild hydrochloric acid will be sent down the tube, followed by ... when the tube is put into place. The acid may cause symptoms of heartburn. Your throat may ...

275

Allergy Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... directed by a healthcare professional with sufficient allergy/immunology training and prompted by your medical history. Types ... testing that the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) believes are not useful, effective or may ...

276

Cholesterol Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Sample Required? A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm or a fingerstick Test Preparation ... often, a blood sample is collected from a vein in the arm. Sometimes cholesterol is measured using ...

277

TORCH Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Previous Reviews Frey, Rebecca J. TORCH Tests. Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. 1st Edition. Gale Research Group, 1999. ... com . (Update May 1, 2007) Lewis R. MedlinePlus Encyclopedia. TORCH screen. Available online at http://www.nlm. ...

278

Gonorrhea Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that victims of sexual assaults get NAAT testing for both C. trachomatis and ... to verify cases with legal implications such as sexual assault. Until the legal system changes, only a positive ...

279

Dissolution Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since dissolution was known to have a significant effect on bioavailability and clinical performance, dissolution analysis\\u000a of pharmaceutical solids has become one of the most important tests in drug product development and manufacturing, as well\\u000a as in regulatory assessment of drug product quality. Not only can dissolution testing provide information regarding the rate\\u000a and extent of drug absorption in

Sau Lawrence Lee; Andre S. Raw; Lawrence Yu

280

Testing Composites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A device for testing composites for strength characteristics has been developed by Acoustic Emission Technology Corporation. Called the Model 206AU, the system is lightweight and portable. It is comprised of three sections. The "pulser" section injects ultrasonic waves into the material under test. A receiver picks up the simulated stress waves as they pass through the material and relays the signals to the acoustic emission section, where they are electronically analyzed.

1981-01-01

281

Testing technology  

SciTech Connect

This bulletin from Sandia National Laboratories presents current research highlights in testing technology. Ion microscopy offers new nondestructive testing technique that detects high resolution invisible defects. An inexpensive thin-film gauge checks detonators on centrifuge. Laser trackers ride the range and track helicopters at low-level flights that could not be detected by radar. Radiation transport software predicts electron/photon effects via cascade simulation. Acoustic research in noise abatement will lead to quieter travelling for Bay Area Rapid Transport (BART) commuters.

Not Available

1993-10-01

282

Test Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here are some activities to help study for a test covering systems of equations. Battleship Author: Alice Keeler Easy, Medium, Hard Battleship Rags to Riches (Who wants to be a Millionaire) Author: unknown Challenging requires students to solve some problems backwards) Rags to Riches Jepordary Author: Alice Keeler One and two player versions-includes systems of inequalities. Jepordary ...

Cook, Miss

2008-07-22

283

Testing Superintendents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes 3-hour written examination for superintendent certification in Missouri. The School Superintendent Assessment, produced by the Educational Testing Service, has 3 1-hour parts: Evaluation of Action, Synthesis of Information and Problem Solving, and Analysis of Information and Decision Making. Other states are adopting exam. One…

Beem, Kate

2002-01-01

284

Tauwer Test.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

TAUWER is a proposed astroparticle experiment to detect ultrahigh energy TAU neutrinos, using detector towers arrayed on a mountainside looking down into a valley. This test is to study the possibility of replacing Hamamatsu miniature PMTs with SiPMs for ...

A. Ronzhin J. Russ M. Iori

2011-01-01

285

Fair Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

. We investigate the notion of fair testing, a formal testingtheory in the style of De Nicola and Hennessy, where divergences aredisregarded as long as there are visible outgoing transitions. The usualtesting theories, such as the standard model of failure pre-order, do notallow such fair interpretations because of the way in which they ensuretheir compositionality with respect to abstraction from

Ed Brinksma; Arend Rensink; Walter Vogler; Insup Lee; Scott A. Smolka

1995-01-01

286

Solubility Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners apply a dissolving test to known crystals to identify the unknown. Since the unknown is chemically the same as one of the known crystals, it should dissolve similarly. By dissolving each of the crystals in the same amount of water and comparing the amount of crystal left behind, learners will gain some information about the possible identity of the unknown.

Kessler, James H.; Galvan, Patricia M.

2007-01-01

287

Microgrid Testing  

SciTech Connect

With the publication of IEEE 1574.4 Guide for Design, Operation, and Integration of Distributed Resource Island Systems with Electric Power Systems, there is an increasing amount of attention on not only the design and operations of microgrids, but also on the proper operation and testing of these systems. This standard provides alternative approaches and good practices for the design, operation, and integration of microgrids. This includes the ability to separate from and reconnect to part of the utility grid while providing power to the islanded power system. This presentation addresses the industry need to develop standardized testing and evaluation procedures for microgrids in order to assure quality operation in the grid connected and islanded modes of operation.

Shirazi, M.; Kroposki, B.

2012-01-01

288

Django Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In order to facilitate the production of higher-quality code (and maintain the sanity of developers), Django comes equipped\\u000a with an automated testing suite. Writing perfect code is next to impossible. It can be done, but there’s a very good reason\\u000a that computer keyboards have a “Backspace” key on them: people make mistakes. While a few developers probably like to think

Jim McGaw

289

Hardness Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The hardness of materials is commonly characterized using indentation techniques. The hardness values depend on the tool employed\\u000a and the measured parameter, for wood, the anisotropy, heterogeneity and hygroscopicity also influence the measurements. In\\u000a this chapter, different methods used for hardness testing of wood are presented. Possible correlations between the different\\u000a hardness figures and other mechanical properties are indicated, in

Mariapaola Riggio; Maurizio Piazza

290

Tauwer Test  

SciTech Connect

TAUWER is a proposed astroparticle experiment to detect ultrahigh energy TAU neutrinos, using detector towers arrayed on a mountainside looking down into a valley. This test is to study the possibility of replacing Hamamatsu miniature PMTs with SiPMs for readout by determining the response of scintillation detectors with SiPM readout to low energy electrons, 2 GeV or lower, as the beam will provide. The detector itself is a compact package shown in the picture on the cover. it was used in a parasitic test beam run on December 15, 2010, to compare the relative timing of the signals from three counters for MIPs. The only change for this new run is the insertion of 1.5 cm of Pb in front of counter 2 or counter 3 during most of the running. The experiment takes some electron data without Pb for calibration purposes. The apparatus will be mounted on the moving table in MT6.2B.

Russ, James; /Carnegie Mellon U.; Iori, Maurizio; /Rome U.; Ronzhin, Anatoly; /Fermilab

2011-01-24

291

Performance Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Systems Technology, Inc., Hawthorne, CA, developed an electronic Critical Tracking Task (CTT) system that analyzes and rates a subject's visual/motor responses for Ames Research Center. Originally applied to measuring the effects of long term confinement in the mid 1960's, the CTT system is now marketed as FACTOR 1000 by Performance Factors, Inc. Alameda, CA, under a licensing agreement with Systems Technology. The system is a non-invasive, self-administered test that takes less than a minute and detects impairment from a broad range of causes, including stress, fatigue, illness, drugs, or alcohol. It is used daily by Old Town Trolley Tours, San Diego, CA, to assess each driver's physical coordination skills prior to the start of each shift. FACTOR 1000 reduces liabilities and costs related to accidents, and costs less than one dollar per day per employee. Performance Factors is now BioFactors, Inc.

1991-01-01

292

An NCME Instructional Module on Developing and Administering Practice Analysis Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of a credentialing examination is to assure the public that individuals who work in an occupation or profession have met certain standards. To be consistent with this purpose, credentialing examinations must be job related, and this requirement is typically met by developing test plans based on an empirical job or practice analysis.…

Raymond, Mark R.

2005-01-01

293

Self-conscious emotions, general emotional distress, and expressed emotion in family members of patients with schizophrenia.  

PubMed

This study examined the association of self-conscious emotions (shame and guilt) with general emotional distress (GED) and expressed emotion (EE) in family members of patients with schizophrenia. Fifty-seven relatives were given the test of self-conscious affect Tangney et al., 1989, The Test of Self-Conscious Affect. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University) to evaluate their proneness to shame and guilt and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale Lovibond and Lovibond, 1995. Behav Res Ther. 33:335-343) to assess GED. Participants were also interviewed using the Camberwell Family Interview to measure EE. Consistent with Tangney's theory of self-conscious emotions and with study hypotheses, simultaneous regression analyses indicated that increasing shame proneness was strongly and positively associated with caregivers' reported GED whereas increasing guilt proneness was negatively associated with GED. Expressed emotion was not found to relate to self-conscious emotions nor to GED when rated as a dichotomous variable (high vs. low). However, greater shame proneness was associated with lower ratings of emotional overinvolvement, one component of EE. Study implications are discussed. PMID:20386261

de Mamani, Amy G Weisman

2010-04-01

294

APU diaphragm testing. Test plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) fuel (hydrazine) tanks have had to be removed from the Columbia Shuttle (OV-102) because they have been in service for 11 years, which is the limit of their useful life. As part of an effort to determine whether the useful life of the fuel tanks can be extended, examination of the ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) diaphragm and the metal from one of the APU tanks is required. The JSC Propulsion and Power Division has requested White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) to examine the EPR diaphragm thoroughly and the metal casing generally from one tank. The objective is to examine the EPR diaphragm for signs of degradation that may limit the life of its function in the APU propellant tank. The metal casing will also be examined for signs of surface corrosion.

Shelley, Richard

1992-01-01

295

Testing Web Services Using Progressive Group Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes progressive group testing techniques to test large number of Web services (WS) available on Internet. At the unit testing level, the WS with the same functionality are tested in group us- ing progressively increasing number of test cases. A small number of WS that scored best will be integrated into the real environment for opera- tional testing.

Wei-tek Tsai; Yinong Chen; Zhibin Cao; Xiaoying Bai; Hai Huang; Raymond A. Paul

2004-01-01

296

Computer-Based Testing: Test Site Security.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-based testing places great burdens on all involved parties to ensure test security. A task analysis of test site security might identify the areas of protecting the test, protecting the data, and protecting the environment as essential issues in test security. Protecting the test involves transmission of the examinations, identifying the…

Rosen, Gerald A.

297

A Taxonomy of Selected High School Equivalency Materials. Reading Social Studies Materials. Supplementary Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructors can use this inventory to prepare high school equivalency students for the reading skills test of the new form of the Test of General Educational Development (GED). It replaces the instrument previously recommended for that purpose, the Iowa Tests of Educational Development (ITED). Fifty multiple choice questions test the ability to…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of General Education Curriculum Development.

298

A Taxonomy of Selected High School Equivalency Materials. Reading Science Materials. Supplementary Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructors can use this inventory to prepare high school equivalency students for the reading skills test of the new form of the Test of General Educational Development (GED). It replaces the instrument previously recommended for that purpose, the Iowa Tests of Educational Development (ITED). Fifty-two multiple choice questions test the ability…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of General Education Curriculum Development.

299

Urine Tests (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... If either the urine dipstick test or the microscopic test shows white blood cells, red blood cells, ... ON THIS TOPIC Urine Test: Calcium Urine Test: Protein Urine Test: Routine Culture Urine Test: Creatinine Urine ...

300

Allergy testing - skin  

MedlinePLUS

Patch tests - allergy; Scratch tests - allergy; Skin tests - allergy; RAST test ... There are three common methods of allergy skin testing. The skin prick test involves: Placing a small amount of substances that may be causing your symptoms on the skin, ...

301

Mononucleosis spot test  

MedlinePLUS

Monospot test; Heterophile antibody test; Heterophile agglutination test; Paul-Bunnell test; Forssman antibody test ... The mononucleosis spot test is done when symptoms of mononucleosis are ... Fatigue Fever Large spleen (possibly) Sore throat Tender ...

302

Nuclear stress test  

MedlinePLUS

... Persantine stress test; Thallium stress test; Stress test - nuclear; Adenosine stress test; Regadenoson stress test ... Thallium stress test is a nuclear imaging method that shows how well blood flows into the heart muscle, both at rest and during activity.

303

Testing Tasks Management in Testing Cloud Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In testing Cloud environment testing tasks requested by different tenants have many uncertainties. The arriving time, deadline and the number of tasks are unknown in advance. Especially, the relationships between testing tasks and testing environments are very complex. How to efficiently manage these tasks is really a challenging problem. This paper studies the special features of testing tasks and presents

Lian Yu; Xiaohu Li; Zhongjie Li

2011-01-01

304

Test reliability and effective test length  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measures of effective test length are developed for speeded and power tests, which are independent of the number of items in the test or of the time required for administration. These measures are used in determining reliability for (1) speeded and power tests, where a separately timed short parallel form is administered in addition to the full-length test; (2) power

William H. Angoff

1953-01-01

305

Understanding Your Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... most important factors in determining the accuracy and reliability of your laboratory test is you, the patient. ... Lab Report Reference Ranges Making Informed Choices Test Reliability Genetic Tests Forensic Tests Collecting Samples Tests into ...

306

Stool guaiac test  

MedlinePLUS

Guaiac smear test; Fecal occult blood test - guaiac smear; Stool occult blood test - guaiac smear ... This test detects blood in the digestive tract. It may be done if: You are being screened or tested for colon cancer You ...

307

Reimbursement for Genetic Testing  

MedlinePLUS

Reimbursement for Genetic Testing You are here Home Testing & Services Testing for genetic conditions Reimbursement for Genetic Testing Testing for genetic ... insurance coverage and reimbursement process. Twitter YouTube RSS Genetics and Health How Genes Work Genes, Lifestyle, & Environment ...

308

Turbine blade testing methods  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Testing procedures which could be used to model test turbine blades are developed. The methods studied were methods which used and extended current modal testing procedures. An acoustical impacting testing method was perfected for testing small turbine blades.

1984-01-01

309

Tips on Blood Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... will be limited. Search Help? Tips on Blood Testing Share this page: Was this page helpful? Introduction | ... Tests Collecting Samples Tests into Practice FDA Approval Testing Tips Home Testing Screening Your Role Lab Methods ...

310

Glucose urine test  

MedlinePLUS

Urine sugar test; Urine glucose test; Glucosuria test; Glycosuria test ... After you provide a urine sample, it is tested right away. The health care provider uses a dipstick made with a color-sensitive pad. The ...

311

Tests and Procedures  

MedlinePLUS

... Tests and Procedures General Procedures Blood Tests Imaging Tests Nuclear Medicine Scans Anxiety Around Medical Procedures Treatment Options Treatment Side Effects Relapse Late Effects of Treatment Clinical Trials Glossary Tests and Procedures Many tests and procedures are done ...

312

Quizzes, Tests, and Exams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website features information on strategies for testing, including choosing appropriate testing methodologies and developing a test that assesses students as accurately and fairly as possible. Topics include different types of tests, construction of effective exams and alternative testing methods.

Davis, Barbara G.; Honolulu, University O.

313

A1c test  

MedlinePLUS

HbA1C test: Glycated hemoglobin test; Glycosylated hemoglobin test; Hemoglobin glycosylated test; Glycohemoglobin test ... Your doctor may order this test if you have diabetes . It shows how ... controlling your diabetes. The test may also be used to screen ...

314

Combined Load Test Fixture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A test fixture has been developed at NASA Langley Research Center that has the capability of applying compression load and shear load simultaneously to a test specimen. The test specimen size is 24-inches by 28-inches. This report describes the test specimen design, test specimen preparation, fixture assembly in the test machine, and a test operation plan.

Baker, Donald J.

2010-01-01

315

Sonar Test and Test Instrumentation Support.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: AN/FQM-10(V) Sonar Test Set Field Support; Transducer Repair Facility TRF Test Site Field Support; AN/WQM-5 Sonar Test Set Field Support; Special Purpose Passive Sonar Systems Support; Sonar Instrumentation Test and Evaluation; Assistance with E...

D. D. Baker

1977-01-01

316

Tests, Testing, and Genuine School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pressing need to improve achievement in American schools is widely recognized. In "Tests, Testing, and Genuine School Reform," Herbert J. Walberg draws on scientific studies of tests and their uses to inform citizens, educators, and policy makers about well-established principles of testing, current problems, and promising evidence-based…

Walberg, Herbert J., Ed.

2011-01-01

317

Perceptions of computer-based testing: a focus on the CFM examination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Institute of Management Accountants (IMA) first offered professional certification in financial management (CFM) in 1996. The CFM credential was the first accounting-related certification to be administered solely via computer. In 1997, the IMA's Certified Management Accountant examination program became computerized after being offered for 25 years as a traditional paper-and-pencil exam. The Certified Public Accountant and Certified Internal Auditor

Bonita K. Peterson; Barbara P. Reider

2002-01-01

318

Mental status testing  

MedlinePLUS

... used is called the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) or Folstein test. The following may be tested: ... The MMSE test is scored from 0 to 30. The test is also divided into sections, each with its ...

319

Hepatitis B Test  

MedlinePLUS

... IgM; anti-HBe; Hepatitis B e Antibody; HBV DNA Formal name: Hepatitis B Virus Testing Related tests: ... of tests detect or evaluate the genetic material ( DNA ) of the virus. The pattern of test results ...

320

Automated Software Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to obtain the enhanced testing capability required to test sophisticated trainer software and to ensure the quality of test documentation, AAI has developed an automated software testing system. Its advantages include: 1. Automatic production of ...

R. Spital

1983-01-01

321

Prochievement Testing of Speaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a practical oral testing model that fits speaking tests into the syllabus and course grade, links teaching and testing approaches, tests interactive and individual performance, uses new and old materials, and compares impromptu and prepared performance. (Author/CB)

Pino, Barbara Gonzalez

1989-01-01

322

Lactose tolerance tests  

MedlinePLUS

Hydrogen breath test for lactose tolerance ... Two common methods include: Lactose tolerance blood test Hydrogen breath test The hydrogen breath test is the preferred method. It measures the amount of hydrogen in the air you breathe out. ...

323

Fecal Fat: The Test  

MedlinePLUS

... stool collection; sometimes a 72-hour stool collection Test Preparation Needed? For a 72-hour stool collection, ... to and during the stool collection period. The Test Sample What is being tested? This test measures ...

324

Impact Sensitivity Tests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Various test methods for mechanical impact sensitivity are reviewed with special attention to such topics as drop hammer tests for desensitized explosives, judgement of test results, composition of decomposition gases from drop hammer tests, correlation o...

T. Yoshida M. Tamura M. Yoshida

1978-01-01

325

Pre-G.E.D. Assessment and Certification in Illinois: Final Report and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research identified a literacy assessment program applicable to the adult population functioning at pre-General Education Development (GED) test levels. An attempt to align the Test of Adult Basic Education (TABE) with the Illinois State Board of Education Learning Standards failed. ACT Work Keys emerged as the recommended and most effective…

Inman, Patricia; Trott, Charles E.

326

Adult Performance Level Research and Curriculum Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study compared two adult education standards used to determine Louisiana student eligibility for taking the General Educational Development (GED) test. Of the initial 590 students, 516 remained as study participants. The traditional standard, Standard 1, required the student to earn 13.0 on the California Achievement Test (CAT) with no area…

Dauzat, Sam V.

327

Does It Work? Test and Test Again  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Testing is critical to any design, whether the creation of new software or a bridge across a wide river. Despite risking the quality of the design, the testing stage is often hurried in order to get products to market. In this lesson, students focus on the testing phase of the software/systems design process. They start by exploring existing examples of program testing using the CodingBat website, which contains a series of problems and challenges that students solve using the Java programming language. Working in teams, students practice writing test cases for other groups' code, and then write test cases for a program before writing the program itself.

IMPART RET Program, College of Information Science & Technology,

328

Intelligent test integration system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new test technology is described which was developed for space system integration. The ultimate purpose of the system is to support the automatic generation of test systems in real time, distributed computing environments. The Intelligent Test Integration System (ITIS) is a knowledge based layer above the traditional test system components which can generate complex test configurations from the specification of test scenarios.

Sztipanovits, J.; Padalkar, S.; Rodriguez-Moscoso, J.; Kawamura, K.; Purves, B.; Williams, R.; Biglari, H.

1988-01-01

329

Test Plan for Simulated Saltcake Retrieval Test.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the plan for a bench-scale laboratory test to evaluate physical and chemical parameters associated with dissolution of a simulated saltcake waste. Parameters to be measured during the test include water addition rate, liquid draina...

D. L. Herting J. C. Person

2000-01-01

330

Sonar Test and Test Instrumentation Support.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Work under this contract involves technical support with sonar testing, test instrumentation, and documentation. This report describes progress made under the tasks that are still active under the subject contract.

D. D. Baker

1979-01-01

331

Sonar Test and Test Instrumentation Support.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Work under this contract involves technical support with sonar testing, test instrumentation, and documentation. This report describes progress made under the tasks that are still active under the subject contract.

D. D. Baker J. L. Shorey B. O. Moses

1980-01-01

332

Sonar Test and Test Instrumentation Support.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Work under this contract involves technical support with sonar testing, test instrumentation, and demonstration. This report describes progress made under the tasks that are still active under the subject contract.

D. D. Baker

1980-01-01

333

Screener Readiness Test-Validation Pilot Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Screener Readiness Test is a computer-based assessment instrument being developed to test new checkpoint screener candidates after they have been given their initial training. The instrument's computer interface was evaluated as part of the validation...

E. C. Neiderman, J. L. Fobes

1999-01-01

334

Cutting Fluid Performance Testing: Tapping Torque Test.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A tapping torque test was conducted on 10 cutting and tapping fluid samples. The test was performed to establish the comparative efficacy of competitive fluids in controlled conditions. The recent health concern over trichloroethane in tapping fluids has ...

E. E. Kelley

1989-01-01

335

From Test Takers to Test Makers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a classroom teacher, Kari Smith realized that traditional objective tests don't always assess what students actually know. But tests are so deeply embedded in the education system that it would be difficult to do away with them entirely. Smith decided to make tests into learning tools. In this article, Smith describes three strategies for…

Smith, Kari

2009-01-01

336

Test procedure for prism compression testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This procedure describes the setup and procedure for testing hollow clay tile (HCT) masonry prisms. The prism test is the standard engineering test used to determine values for f'(sub m) (specified compressive strength at 28 days) which are then used to o...

1992-01-01

337

Sonar Test and Test Instrumentation Support.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The work under this contract is divided into six task areas that focus on technical support in areas of sonar technology: An/FQM-10(V) Sonar Test Set Field Support; Transducer Repair Facility Test Site Field Support; AN/WQM-5 Sonar Test Set Field Support;...

D. D. Baker

1977-01-01

338

Drop Out or Persist? The Influence of Differentiated Instruction and Teacher Behavior on College Freshmen and GED Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to provide information to school administrators about the impact differentiated instruction and teacher behavior have on students' decision to drop out of high school or persist. The ultimate goal of this study is to determine if a significant relationship exists between differentiated instruction, teacher behavior…

Robertson, Vera Strickland

2009-01-01

339

Basic Writing Skills. A Sequential, Objective-Based Program for Use in Adult Basic Education and GED Preparation Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended for use in helping students master the language arts skills necessary to pass the writing skills portion of the General Educational Development examination. It could also be used in adult basic education classes. The following topics are covered in the individual units: capitalization, punctuation, verb tense, subject-verb…

Keeler, Sandy

340

The Stimulus test stand  

SciTech Connect

The Stimulus Test Stand was originally constructed and assembled for testing the SVX2 ASIC readout and then upgraded for SVX3 ASIC prototyping and testing. We have modified this system for SVX4 ASIC [1] prototype testing. We described the individual components below. Additional details for other hardware for SVX4 testing can be found in reference [2]. We provide a description of the Stimulus Test Stand used for prototype testing of the SVX4 chip.

Christofek, L.; Rapidis, P.; Reinhard, A.; /Fermilab

2005-06-01

341

Satellite battery testing status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Because of the large numbers of satellite cells currently being tested and anticipated at the Naval Weapons Support Center (NAVWPNSUPPCEN) Crane, Indiana, satellite cell testing is being integrated into the Battery Test Automation Project (BTAP). The BTAP, designed to meet the growing needs for battery testing at the NAVWPNSUPPCEN Crane, will consist of several Automated Test Stations (ATSs) which monitor batteries under test. Each ATS will interface with an Automation Network Controller (ANC) which will collect test data for reduction.

Haag, R.; Hall, S.

1986-01-01

342

Criteria for structural test  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a study to define criteria and techniques of design, analysis and test which permit the use of a single major structural test article for performing dynamic, fatigue, and static testing are presented. The criteria developed is applicable to both space vehicles and aircraft structures operating in the subsonic or supersonic regime. The feasibility of such an approach was demonstrated by defining test interactions, compatibilities and incompatibilities between the three different types of tests. The results of the study indicate that the single test article concept is feasible with a testing sequence of dynamic test followed by a fatigue and static test.

1973-01-01

343

Pyrovalve Blowby Tests  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) was requested to perform pyrovalve blowby tests in support of the Mars Observer Propulsion and Corrective Actions Test Program. Fifty-three tests were conducted in an attempt to characterize the blowby of commercial pyrovalves. Those pyrovalves used on NASA spacecraft are well represented, and the test data reported provide a basis for evaluating the performance of similar valves in other propulsion systems. The three test series conducted are subsequently described. All testing was done in the same test facility, with periodic changes that enhanced the test methodology.

Saulsberry, Regor; Keddy, Christopher P.; Julien, Howard L.

2003-01-01

344

March Test Generation Revealed  

Microsoft Academic Search

Memory testing commonly faces two issues: the characterization of detailed and realistic fault models and the definition of time-efficient test algorithms. Among the different types of algorithms proposed for testing static random access memories, march tests have proven to be faster, simpler, and regularly structured. The majority of the published march tests have been manually generated. Unfortunately, the continuous evolution

Alfredo Benso; Alberto Bosio; Stefano Di Carlo; Giorgio Di Natale; Paolo Prinetto

2008-01-01

345

Test vs. simulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following topics are presented in tabular form: (1) simulation capability assessments (no propulsion system test); (2) advanced vehicle simulation capability assessment; (3) systems tests identified events; (4) main propulsion test article (MPTA) testing evaluation; (5) Saturn 5, 1B, and 1 testing evaluation. Special vehicle simulation issues that are propulsion related are briefly addressed.

Wood, Charles C.

1991-01-01

346

Test-Suite Reduction for Model Based Tests: Effects on Test Quality and Implications for Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Model checking techniques can be successfully employed as a test case generation technique to generate tests from formal models. The number of tests cases produced, how- ever, is typically large for complex coverage criteria such as MCDC. Test-suite reduction can provide us with a smaller set of test cases that preserve the original coverage—often a dramatically smaller set. One potential

Mats Per Erik Heimdahl; George Devaraj

2004-01-01

347

CO2 blood test  

MedlinePLUS

Bicarbonate test; HCO3-; Carbon dioxide test; TCO2; Total CO2; CO2 test - serum ... Many medicines can interfere with blood test results. Your health care provider will tell you if you need to stop taking any medicines before you have this test. Do ...

348

Transient Pressure Test Article Test Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Transient Pressure Test Article (TPTA) test program is being conducted at a new test facility located in the East Test Area at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama. This facility, along with the special test equipment (STE) required for facility support, was constructed specifically to test and verify the sealing capability of the Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor (RSRM) field, igniter, and nozzle joints. The test article consists of full scale RSRM hardware loaded with inert propellant and assembled in a short stack configuration. The TPTA is pressurized by igniting a propellant cartridge capable of inducing a pressure rise rate which stimulates the ignition transient that occurs during launch. Dynamic loads are applied during the pressure cycle to simulate external tank attach (ETA) strut loads present on the ETA ring. Sealing ability of the redesigned joints is evaluated under joint movement conditions produced by these combined loads since joint sealing ability depends on seal resilience velocity being greater than gap opening velocity. Also, maximum flight dynamic loads are applied to the test article which is either pressurized to 600 psia using gaseous nitrogen (GN2) or applied to the test article as the pressure decays inside the test article on the down cycle after the ignition transient cycle. This new test facility is examined with respect to its capabilities. In addition, both the topic of test effectiveness versus space vehicle flight performance and new aerospace test techniques, as well as a comparison between the old SRM design and the RSRM are presented.

Vibbart, Charles M.

1989-01-01

349

Vendor System Vulnerability Testing Test Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) prepared this generic test plan to provide clients (vendors, end users, program sponsors, etc.) with a sense of the scope and depth of vulnerability testing performed at the INL’s Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Test Bed and to serve as an example of such a plan. Although this test plan specifically addresses vulnerability testing of systems applied to the energy sector (electric/power transmission and distribution and oil and gas systems), it is generic enough to be applied to control systems used in other critical infrastructures such as the transportation sector, water/waste water sector, or hazardous chemical production facilities. The SCADA Test Bed is established at the INL as a testing environment to evaluate the security vulnerabilities of SCADA systems, energy management systems (EMS), and distributed control systems. It now supports multiple programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, other government agencies, and private sector clients. This particular test plan applies to testing conducted on a SCADA/EMS provided by a vendor. Before performing detailed vulnerability testing of a SCADA/EMS, an as delivered baseline examination of the system is conducted, to establish a starting point for all-subsequent testing. The series of baseline tests document factory delivered defaults, system configuration, and potential configuration changes to aid in the development of a security plan for in depth vulnerability testing. The baseline test document is provided to the System Provider,a who evaluates the baseline report and provides recommendations to the system configuration to enhance the security profile of the baseline system. Vulnerability testing is then conducted at the SCADA Test Bed, which provides an in-depth security analysis of the Vendor’s system.b a. The term System Provider replaces the name of the company/organization providing the system being evaluated. This can be the system manufacturer, a system user, or a third party organization such as a government agency. b. The term Vendor (or Vendor’s) System replaces the name of the specific SCADA/EMS being tested.

James R. Davidson

2005-01-01

350

Problem with Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Testing is inefficient for the detection and removal of requirements and design defects. As a result, lessons learned in testing can only help prevent defects in the development of subsequent software and subsequent process improvement. Instead of testing...

N. Hines

2001-01-01

351

Genetic Testing (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... blood, skin, bone, or other tissue is needed. Genetic Testing During Pregnancy For genetic testing before birth, ... it can induce a miscarriage. Why Doctors Recommend Genetic Testing A doctor may recommend genetic counseling or ...

352

CompareTests  

Cancer.gov

CompareTests is an R package to estimate agreement and diagnostic accuracy statistics for two diagnostic tests when one is conducted on only a subsample of specimens. A standard test is observed on all specimens.

353

Blood Test: Estradiol  

MedlinePLUS

... levels of estradiol, which are produced by the testes and adrenal glands. In young girls, estradiol levels ... to check for damage or disease of the testes, ovaries, or adrenal glands. Testing estradiol levels also ...

354

Drugs of Abuse Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... while saliva is often used by the insurance industry to test insurance applicants for drug use. Blood is most frequently used for alcohol testing. Interpretation of sports testing results for hormones and steroids should be ...

355

Get Your Eyes Tested  

MedlinePLUS

... Find Services Near You National Health Observances Health Care Reform Adults Women and Pregnant Women Children Related Resources En español Home > Health Topics A to Z > Doctor Visits > Screening Tests > Get Your Eyes Tested Get Your Eyes Tested ...

356

Aircraft Fasteners Test Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Microsoft Word document from the Aerospace Manufacturing Education Project provides a bank of test questions on the use of fasteners in the aerospace industry. Eighty three test questions and their correct answers are included in this test bank.

2012-11-23

357

Aircraft Materials Test Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Microsoft Word document from the Aerospace Manufacturing Education Project provides a bank of test questions on materials used in the aircraft industry. 35 test questions and their correct answers are included in this test bank.

2012-11-13

358

Screening Tests and Vaccines  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Screening Tests and Vaccines Screening Tests and Vaccines This information in Spanish ( en español ) Getting important ... updates. Enter email address Submit Screening Tests and Vaccines news June 25, 2014 - Persistent Cough in Kids ...

359

Campylobacter serology test  

MedlinePLUS

Campylobacter serology test is a blood test to look for antibodies to a bacteria called campylobacter. ... tests are done to look for antibodies to campylobacter. Antibody production increases during the infection. In the ...

360

Fiber Optic Testing Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After completing this self-study program you should learn: What needs testing in fiber optics?What equipment is needed to perform the tests? How are these tests performed? What options exist for performing the tests? How are the tests affected by network types (telco, long haul, LAN, FTTx, etc.)? When testing loss, what is the expected value? How accurate are the tests? How can they be made more accurate? What documentation should be kept on the tests? How is troubleshooting done? How does one write a test plan as part of a SOW (scope of work)? What are common mistakes made in testing? What standards apply to testing and how to use them? This extensive page should be useful for students learning more about testing fiber optic systems.

2013-06-10

361

Hearing Screening and Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... Testing Self-Test for Hearing Loss Audiologic (Hearing) Evaluation Types of Tests Used to Evaluate Hearing ... Feeds Site Help A-Z Topic Index Privacy Notice Terms of Use ©1997-2014 American Speech- ...

362

What Is Diagnostic Testing?  

MedlinePLUS

... Financial Planning Who Should I Tell? Genetic Testing & Counseling Compensation for Genetic Testing Whole Genome Sequencing Screening vs. Testing What Is Genetic Counseling? Participating in Research Disease Research Patient Privacy Clinical ...

363

Sickle cell test  

MedlinePLUS

Sickledex; Hgb S test ... This test is done to tell if you have abnormal hemoglobin that causes sickle cell disease and sickle cell ... and no symptoms, or only mild ones. This test does not tell the difference between these two ...

364

Sweat electrolytes test  

MedlinePLUS

Sweat test; Sweat chloride; Iontophoretic sweat test ... In the first part of the test, a colorless, odorless chemical that causes sweating is applied to a small area on an arm or leg. An electrode is then ...

365

Estradiol blood test  

MedlinePLUS

E2 test ... temporarily stop taking certain medicines that may affect test results. Be sure to tell your provider about ... helps prevent sperm from dying too early. This test may be ordered to check: How well your ...

366

ALP isoenzyme test  

MedlinePLUS

Alkaline phosphatase isoenzyme test ... anything for 10 to 12 hours before the test, unless your doctor tells you to do so. Many medicines can interfere with blood test results. Your health care provider will tell you ...

367

Stomach acid test  

MedlinePLUS

Gastric acid secretion test ... The test is done after a period of not eating so that fluid is all that remains in the ... the stomach through the esophagus (food pipe). To test the ability of the cells in the stomach ...

368

Creatine phosphokinase test  

MedlinePLUS

CPK test ... vein. The procedure is called a venipuncture . This test may be repeated over 2 or 3 days ... doctors determine which tissue has been damaged. This test may be used to: Diagnose heart attack Evaluate ...

369

Breath alcohol test  

MedlinePLUS

Alcohol test - breath ... There are various brands of breath alcohol tests. Each one uses a different method to test the level of alcohol in the breath. The machine may be electronic or manual. One ...

370

DNA Testing for VHL  

MedlinePLUS

... then, DNA testing has moved from the experimental laboratories into the mainstream. Anyone with a first- or ... test must be processed at a clinical testing laboratory (lab) that has the necessary equipment and reagents ...

371

Multiple Thermocouple Testing Device.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This invention relates generally to a thermocouple testing device, and, more particularly, to an automated multiple thermocouple testing device that checks for short and open circuits. This device can be used to test thermocouple circuits in gas turbine e...

J. R. Hildebrand

1982-01-01

372

Tests Related to Pregnancy  

MedlinePLUS

... testing also happens before you are pregnant, but embryos are tested instead of the parents. Eggs from ... called in-vitro fertilization, or IVF. The resulting embryos are then tested for increased risk of genetic ...

373

CSD skin test  

MedlinePLUS

... as antibody detection by the EIA test or bacteria detection by a PCR test. ... This test was once used to diagnose cat scratch disease, before Bartonella henselae, the bacteria that causes CSD, was identified.

374

Dexamethasone suppression test  

MedlinePLUS

DST; ACTH suppression test; Cortisol suppression test ... During this test, you will receive dexamethasone. This is a strong man-made (synthetic) glucocorticoid medication. Afterward, your blood is drawn ...

375

Thyroid Function Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... the thyroid, a computerized tomography (CT) scan, or nuclear medicine tests, to diagnose and find the cause ... is having the scan for other health problems. Nuclear medicine tests. Nuclear medicine tests of the thyroid ...

376

Home vision tests  

MedlinePLUS

... done at home: Amsler grid, distance vision, and near vision testing. AMSLER GRID TEST This test helps ... you read correctly. Repeat with the other eye. NEAR VISION This is similar to the distance vision ...

377

Solar cell reliability testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The progress and initial data on accelerated stress tests on small amorphous silicon test samples from several manufacturers are reported. The test samples include both single and tandem junction devices.

Lathrop, J.

1986-01-01

378

Operational Test Instrumentation Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Operational Test Instrumentation Guide presents the results of an operational test-oriented survey of some twenty-eight Department of Defense test/training facilities. In addition to the available instrumentation, information is provided on the landsc...

1981-01-01

379

Intelligent Test Integration System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new test technology is described which was developed for space system integration. The ultimate purpose of the system is to support the automatic generation of test systems in real time, distributed computing environments. The Intelligent Test Integrati...

J. Sztipanovits S. Padalkar J. Rodriguez-Moscoso K. Kawamura B. Purves

1988-01-01

380

Test procedure for prism compression testing  

SciTech Connect

This procedure describes the setup and procedure for testing hollow clay tile (HCT) masonry prisms. The prism test is the standard engineering test used to determine values for f'{sub m} (specified compressive strength at 28 days) which are then used to obtain Code design allowable values. The prism compression test described herein produces load vs. deflection data which can be used to determine various properties such as the compressive strength, Modulus of Elasticity, and Poisson's ratio. The test prisms are obtained either by extraction from an existing wall or by fabrication using new materials. Prisms obtained from existing walls are fragile and tedious to extract and handle, but are very important because they provide data on the properties of existing walls. Laboratory-built prisms, used to supplement the in-situ prism test data, are easier to obtain, and allow for better control of the prism. Tests are to be made on prism specimens in two directions with respect to the cores: normal and parallel to the cores. Typically, in the Y-12 Plant buildings that have the HCT infill walls, the walls are constructed such that the cores in the HCT units run horizontally. Loading normal to the cores simulates vertical loading (gravity and vertical earthquake motions) on the walls, and loading parallel to the cores simulates the earthquake forces applied to a building wall in the horizontal direction. Prisms of single wythe 8-in. walls and the composite wythe 13-in. walls will be tested. A special Test Fixture (frame) has been designed and built to perform the in-house testing of prisms. Special handling fixtures have been designed to protect the prisms during removal from the wall site and transportation to the Test Fixture. The Test Fixture was designed for approximately a 400 kip allowable load limit.

Not Available

1992-05-26

381

Test procedure for prism compression testing  

SciTech Connect

This procedure describes the setup and procedure for testing hollow clay tile (HCT) masonry prisms. The prism test is the standard engineering test used to determine values for f`{sub m} (specified compressive strength at 28 days) which are then used to obtain Code design allowable values. The prism compression test described herein produces load vs. deflection data which can be used to determine various properties such as the compressive strength, Modulus of Elasticity, and Poisson`s ratio. The test prisms are obtained either by extraction from an existing wall or by fabrication using new materials. Prisms obtained from existing walls are fragile and tedious to extract and handle, but are very important because they provide data on the properties of existing walls. Laboratory-built prisms, used to supplement the in-situ prism test data, are easier to obtain, and allow for better control of the prism. Tests are to be made on prism specimens in two directions with respect to the cores: normal and parallel to the cores. Typically, in the Y-12 Plant buildings that have the HCT infill walls, the walls are constructed such that the cores in the HCT units run horizontally. Loading normal to the cores simulates vertical loading (gravity and vertical earthquake motions) on the walls, and loading parallel to the cores simulates the earthquake forces applied to a building wall in the horizontal direction. Prisms of single wythe 8-in. walls and the composite wythe 13-in. walls will be tested. A special Test Fixture (frame) has been designed and built to perform the in-house testing of prisms. Special handling fixtures have been designed to protect the prisms during removal from the wall site and transportation to the Test Fixture. The Test Fixture was designed for approximately a 400 kip allowable load limit.

Not Available

1992-05-26

382

Constructing objective tests  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Trueâfalse or multiple-choice tests can be useful instruments for evaluating student progress. We examine strategies for planning objective tests which serve to test the material covered in science (physics) courses. We also examine strategies for writing questions for tests within a test blueprint. The statistical basis for judging the quality of test items are discussed. Reliability, difficulty, and discrimination indices are defined and examples presented. Our recommendations are rather easily put into practice.

Aubrecht Ii., Gordon J.; Aubrecht, Judith

2005-10-11

383

Test Analysis Guidelines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development of analysis guidelines for Exploration Life Support (ELS) technology tests was completed. The guidelines were developed based on analysis experiences gained from supporting Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) technology development in air revitalization systems and water recovery systems. Analyses are vital during all three phases of the ELS technology test: pre-test, during test and post test. Pre-test analyses of a test system help define hardware components, predict system and component performances, required test duration, sampling frequencies of operation parameters, etc. Analyses conducted during tests could verify the consistency of all the measurements and the performance of the test system. Post test analyses are an essential part of the test task. Results of post test analyses are an important factor in judging whether the technology development is a successful one. In addition, development of a rigorous model for a test system is an important objective of any new technology development. Test data analyses, especially post test data analyses, serve to verify the model. Test analyses have supported development of many ECLSS technologies. Some test analysis tasks in ECLSS technology development are listed in the Appendix. To have effective analysis support for ECLSS technology tests, analysis guidelines would be a useful tool. These test guidelines were developed based on experiences gained through previous analysis support of various ECLSS technology tests. A comment on analysis from an experienced NASA ECLSS manager (1) follows: "Bad analysis was one that bent the test to prove that the analysis was right to begin with. Good analysis was one that directed where the testing should go and also bridged the gap between the reality of the test facility and what was expected on orbit."

Jeng, Frank F.

2007-01-01

384

Well Test Analysis Research  

SciTech Connect

Well test analysis offers a rapid way to perform an initial assessment of geothermal systems. Well testing includes both pressure drawdown and buildup testing, and interference testing. Development of new well test analyses receives major emphasis in the Stanford Geothermal Program. During the year, quite a few studies were completed, and reports and papers presented on a variety of well test analysis methods. The paper summarizes some of the more important results.

Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Horne, R.N.; Miller, F.G.; Brigham, W.E.

1980-12-16

385

Strapdown gyro test program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The power spectral noise characteristic performance of the Teledyne two-degree-of-freedom dry tuned gimbal gyroscope was determined. Tests were conducted using a current configuration SDG-5 gyro in conjunction with test equipment with minor modification. Long term bias stability tests were conducted as well as some first difference performance tests. The gyro, test equipment, and the tests performed are described. Results are presented.

Irvine, R. B.; Vanalstine, R.

1977-01-01

386

Testing for Software Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This research focuses on testing whether or not the hazardous conditions identified by design-level fault tree analysis will occur in the target implementation. Part 1: Integrate fault tree models into functional specifications so as to identify testable interactions between intended behaviors and hazardous conditions. Part 2: Develop a test generator that produces not only functional tests but also safety tests for a target implementation in a cost-effective way. Part 3: Develop a testing environment for executing generated functional and safety tests and evaluating test results against expected behaviors or hazardous conditions. It includes a test harness as well as an environment simulation of external events and conditions.

Chen, Ken; Lee, Yann-Hang; Wong, W. Eric; Xu, Dianxiang

2007-01-01

387

High voltage testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The High Voltage Design Guide and High Voltage Specifications and Tests Documents referred to in this report pertain to high voltage/high power airborne equipment. A test plan was designed to evaluate and verify test parameters specified in these documents. This was done by writing detailed test procedures, obtaining representative test samples, and testing the specified parameters. In addition, a standard test fixture and corona-free 150 kV, 400 Hz power supply was specified, evaluated, and delivered for use with a partial discharge test set.

Dunbar, W. G.

1981-08-01

388

CEQATR Thermal Test Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A thermal test overview of the Constellation Environmental Qualification and Acceptance Test Requirement (CEQATR) is presented. The contents include: 1) CEQATR Thermal Test Overview; 2) CxP Environments; 3) CEQATR Table 1.2-1; 4) Levels of Assembly; 5) Definitions for Levels of Assembly; 6) Hardware Applicability; 7) CEQATR Thermal-Related Definitions; 8) Requirements for unit-level thermal testing; 9) Requirements for major assembly level thermal testing; 10) General thermal testing requirements; 11) General thermal cycle, thermal vacuum profiles; 12) Test tolerances; 13) Vacuum vs Ambient; 14) Thermal Gradient; 15) Sequence of Testing; 16) Alternative Strategies; 17) Protoflight; 18) Halt/Hass; 19) Humidity; and 20) Tailoring.

Balusek, Alan R.

2009-01-01

389

Proceedings of the Annual Adult Education Research Conference (30th, Madison, Wisconsin, April 27-29, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the 59 papers are: "Comparisons in Performance of Adults and High School Seniors on the 1988 Tests of General Educational Development (GED)" (Baldwin, Whitney); "Research Writing" (Baskett, Garrison); "Popular Education in Latin America" (Beder); "Framework for the Study of Ethical Issues in Adult Education" (Brockett, Kasworm); "Cognition…

Coggins, Chere Campbell, Ed.

390

Performance Characteristics of Florida's Early Exit Equivalency Candidates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of the Early Exit Program (EEP) on Florida schools was studied. Questions asked about those who pass the General Education Development (GED) tests to earn a high school diploma included: (1) whether such students are high achievers who might contribute to a brain drain from the high schools; (2) whether they are low achievers who cannot…

Stoker, Howard

1984-01-01

391

Positive and Negative Numbers: Level I, Unit 6, Lesson 1; States of Matter: Lesson 2; Properties and Measures of Matter: Lesson 3; Energy, Matter, Theory and Law: Lesson 4; The Particles and Structure of Matter: Lesson 5. Advanced General Education Program. A High School Self-Study Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An advanced General Education Program has been designed to prepare an individual with the information concepts, and general knowledge required to successfully pass the American Council on Education's High School General Education Development (GED) Test. The Advanced General Education Program provides comprehensive self-instruction in each of the…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Job Corps.

392

Weck Ed. Weck Educational Development Program. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document includes a final performance report and evaluation report from the Weck Ed program, through which job-linked adult basic education and General Educational Development (GED) test preparation courses that were jointly developed by the company Pilling Weck and Durham Technical Community College were offered to Pilling Weck employees on…

Coplin, Jennifer; And Others

393

Lafayette Parish Cooperative Jail Project--LPCJP. Phase III Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-phase project was conducted to further the education of inmates in the Lafayette (Louisiana) Parish Correctional Center. Phase I of the project was designed to prepare inmates to be eligible to take the General Educational Development (GED) test, and/or to teach life-coping skills so that they would better function in society upon their…

Lafayette Parish School Board, LA.

394

Adult Basic Education Component; Manpower Development Component; and Program Evaluation. Delta Opportunities Corporation: Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Adult Education Component of the Delta Opportunities Corporation (DOC) operated learning centers in four Mississippi delta counties for educationally disadvantaged rural poor adults. The centers served an excess of 200 participants, preparing them for General Education Development Tests (GED) and providing prevocational and adult basic…

Delta Opportunities Corp., Greenville, MS.

395

Adult Student Magazine. Issue 8. January 1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for, by, and about adult students, this issue includes a series of articles dealing with various aspects of students' career and educational plans and planning. The following topics are covered: the necessity of taking risks in life; the story of someone who finally gets the nerve to take the General Equivalency Development (GED) test;…

Reiff, Tana, Ed.

1982-01-01

396

PACS component testing: beta and acceptance testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The functionality and performance expectations of all PACS components must be specified at the time of purchase and tested completely upon delivery to assure customer satisfaction and successful adoption of the new technology. This process may be more elaborate if the customer agrees to serve as a Beta test site for a new component or a new revision of an existing component.A carefully designed test plan will save time at installation, will allow the customer and vendor to agree on expectations, and will assure that the installation will proceed as planned. This paper describes the test procedure used at the University of Florida to accept each PACS component, either a commercial product, or one developed in house. A set of documents contain descriptions of the pre-installation environment, sets of studies to be used in the test, installation checklist, functional usage reports, subjective evaluations, and problem reporting forms. Training and user documentation is also reviewed and 'help lists' are created to help users perform the most common functions. Although details in the documents are changed to match the type of component being tested, the general form of the test remains the same. A formal procedure for testing the functionality and performance of new equipment can save time for both the vendor and the customer and, if specified at the time of purchase, can serve to document the expectations of the customer. Following these procedures will assure a successful installation and improve customer satisfaction.

Honeyman, Janice C.; Frost, Meryll M.; Staab, Edward V.

1997-05-01

397

Test the Nation: The National IQ Test  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Who is the weakest link? Or, rather, just how many are there? And where do they come from? Test the Nation, Britain's largest mass IQ test set about to answer those questions and more on May 11th of this year. Administered online to some 90,000 residents of the UK (and still available for those who missed out), the test put visitors through the usual rigors of intelligence testing. The Test the Nation Web site discloses how the nation did as a whole, with further breakdowns by region, age, and other variables. Curious, the map of Britain's intelligence, as determined by the test, clearly demonstrates that the South far outdid the North where brute IQ is concerned. Whether one accepts such results or not, the site provides much food for thought, discussion and, almost certainly, an argument or two. Presented by the BBC, the site doesn't stop with simple presentations on the national IQ test, but also offers other interesting studies and reports, with subjects probing various areas of intelligence testing and all that has been made of it. A short list of some of the titles presented include: What sex is your brain?, Birth weight and intelligence, and The Language of the brain. To round off it offerings, the site also links to MENSA.

2002-01-01

398

Sonar Test and Test Instrumentation Support.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Previously reported work under this task focused only on the development of a replacement instrument for the AN/SQM-5 Sonar Noise Recorder. The development of this test set has been absorbed into the development of a larger test set that is now referred t...

D. D. Baker

1978-01-01

399

Digface characterization test plan (remote testing)  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Digface Characterization (DFC) Remote Testing project is to remotely deploy a sensor head (Mini-Lab) across a digface to determine if it can characterize the contents below the surface. The purpose of this project is to provide a robotics technology that allows removal of workers from hazards, increases speed of operations, and reduces life cycle costs compared to alternate methods and technologies. The Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) is funding the demonstration, testing, and evaluation of DFC. This document describes the test plan for the DFC remote deployment demonstration for the BWID. The purposes of the test plan are to establish test parameters so that the demonstration results are deemed useful and usable and perform the demonstration in a safe manner and within all regulatory requirements.

Croft, K.; Hyde, R.; Allen, S.

1993-08-01

400

Test report for core drilling ignitability testing  

SciTech Connect

Testing was carried out with the cooperation of Westinghouse Hanford Company and the United States Bureau of Mines at the Pittsburgh Research Center in Pennsylvania under the Memorandum of Agreement 14- 09-0050-3666. Several core drilling equipment items, specifically those which can come in contact with flammable gasses while drilling into some waste tanks, were tested under conditions similar to actual field sampling conditions. Rotary drilling against steel and rock as well as drop testing of several different pieces of equipment in a flammable gas environment were the specific items addressed. The test items completed either caused no ignition of the gas mixture, or, after having hardware changes or drilling parameters modified, produced no ignition in repeat testing.

Witwer, K.S.

1996-08-08

401

Color identification testing device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Testing device, which determines ability of a technician to identify color-coded electric wires, is superior to standard color blindness tests. It tests speed of wire selection, detects partial color blindness, allows rapid testing, and may be administered by a color blind person.

Brawner, E. L.; Martin, R.; Pate, W.

1970-01-01

402

Achievement Test Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ohio Trade and Industrial Education Achievement Test battery is comprised of seven basic achievement tests: Machine Trades, Automotive Mechanics, Basic Electricity, Basic Electronics, Mechanical Drafting, Printing, and Sheet Metal. The tests were developed by subject matter committees and specialists in testing and research. The Ohio Trade and…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Trade and Industrial Education Service.

403

Language Testing in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on second language testing in Japan include: "Differences Between Norm-Referenced and Criterion-Referenced Tests" (James Dean Brown); "Criterion-Referenced Test Construction and Evaluation" (Dale T. Griffe); "Behavioral Learning Objectives as an Evaluation Tool" (Judith A. Johnson); "Developing Norm- Referenced Tests for Program-Level…

Brown, James Dean, Ed.; Yamashita, Sayoko Okada, Ed.

404

Testing eyewitness memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identifies a memory-testing procedure that is relatively resistant to the documented effects of suggestibility on eyewitness memory. Most studies on suggestibility have used averbal recognition memory test in which the alternative test items are sentences, each to be verified as true or false regarding an originally viewedvisual sequence. In this study, participants were tested with either the verbal

Kathy Pezdek; Joelle Greener

1993-01-01

405

Test Preparation: Your Role  

MedlinePLUS

... information about preparations needed for specific tests on web sites like Lab Tests Online. However, you should always follow your health ... may sometimes be elaborated on further on "The Test" tab. However, be sure ... on this or any other web site, as different labs may have varying testing ...

406

Coagulase Test Protocol  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This protocol describes the history and procedures of the coagulase test.  The coagulase test isused to differentiate species of Staphylococcus, especially the coagulase-positive Staphylococcus aureus from coagulase-negative staphylococcal species.  Both common versions of the test, the slide method and the test tube method, are described, and the mechanisms of the reactions are discussed.

American Society For Microbiology;

2010-11-11

407

Testing Our Limits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computerized testing, including the widely used MAP test, has infiltrated the public schools in Milwaukee and across the nation, bringing with it a frightening future for public education. High-stakes standardized tests can be scored almost immediately via the internet, and testing companies can now easily link districts to their online data…

Tempel, Melissa Bollow

2012-01-01

408

Compositional dynamic test generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamic test generation is a form of dynamic program analysis that attempts to compute test inputs to drive a program along a specific program path. Directed Automated Random Testing, or DART for short, blends dynamic test generation with model checking techniques with the goal of systematically executing all feasible program paths of a program while detecting various types of errors

Patrice Godefroid

2007-01-01

409

Liquid Rocket Engine Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Comprehensive Liquid Rocket Engine testing is essential to risk reduction for Space Flight. Test capability represents significant national investments in expertise and infrastructure. Historical experience underpins current test capabilities. Test facilities continually seek proactive alignment with national space development goals and objectives including government and commercial sectors.

Rahman, Shamim

2005-01-01

410

Legal Issues in Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Digest overviews legal challenges in five areas of test use for decision-making in schools: ability tracking, placement in special education classes, test scores as college admissions criteria, test disclosure, and teacher competency testing. Cases illustrating these challenges are described and include: Hobson v. Hansen (1967), Moses v.…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Tests, Measurement, and Evaluation, Princeton, NJ.

411

Preliminary Statistical Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applied researchers frequently precede analyses of interest with one or more preliminary tests, used to help researchers determine which variables to examine more closely, or whether there are anomalies in the data set. These texts can be classified into three categories: omnibus tests, tests for model fit, and exploratory tests. Fifty-four…

Olejnik, Stephen; Huberty, Carl J.

412

Test Design and Speededness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical component of test speededness is the distribution of the test taker's total time on the test. A simple set of constraints on the item parameters in the lognormal model for response times is derived that can be used to control the distribution when assembling a new test form. As the constraints are linear in the item parameters, they can…

van der Linden, Wim J.

2011-01-01

413

High Stakes: Testing Irregularity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, a stronger emphasis has been placed on state testing and accountability at the state and local levels. The news media continues to report testing irregularities as professional and community pressures are levied on educators to increase test scores. Test scores have been tied to community affluence, real…

Carson-Meyers, Tricia; Bryant, Edye Morris; Thomas, Fredrick; Brinson, Kenneth H., Jr.

2005-01-01

414

Uniform Test Assembly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In educational practice, a test assembly problem is formulated as a system of inequalities induced by test specifications. Each solution to the system is a test, represented by a 0-1 vector, where each element corresponds to an item included (1) or not included (0) into the test. Therefore, the size of a 0-1 vector equals the number of items "n"…

Belov, Dmitry I.

2008-01-01

415

Risk-Based Testing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This subset of the Black Box Software Testing collection includes resources to teach Risk-Based Testing. The essence of risk-based testing is to imagine how the product could fail and design tests to expose those potential failures. Key concepts include project-level risk analysis and failure mode and effects analysis. Resources include lecture videos, slides, activities, and suggested readings.

Kaner, Cem; Fiedler, Rebecca L.

2011-06-01

416

Foundations of Software Testing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This subset of the Black Box Software Testing collection includes lecture videos, slides, suggested readings, and study questions focusing on the Foundations of Software Testing including: basic terminology, the mission of testing, the oracle problem, the measurement problem, the impossibility of complete testing, and relevant foundational concepts from the computer science field.

Kaner, Cem; Fiedler, Rebecca L.

2011-06-01

417

Language Testing: New Openings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of articles on second-language testing includes: "The State of Language Testing in the 1990s" (J. Charles Alderson); "The Exercise of Power and Control in the Rhetorics of Testing" (Elana Shohamy); "Institutional and Political Aspects of Language Testing" (Bernard Spolsky); "Language Planning Policy and Development of FL Proficiency…

Huhta, Ari, Ed.; And Others

418

Thyroid Function Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... T4 TSH Thyroid 2 Thyroid Tests Why do health care providers perform thyroid tests? Health care providers perform thyroid tests to assess how well ... at www.endocrine.niddk.nih.gov. What blood tests do health care providers use to check a person’s thyroid function? ...

419

Dtest Testing Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software runs a suite of arbitrary software tests spanning various software languages and types of tests (unit level, system level, or file comparison tests). The dtest utility can be set to automate periodic testing of large suites of software, as well as running individual tests. It supports distributing multiple tests over multiple CPU cores, if available. The dtest tool is a utility program (written in Python) that scans through a directory (and its subdirectories) and finds all directories that match a certain pattern and then executes any tests in that directory as described in simple configuration files.

Jain, Abhinandan; Cameron, Jonathan M.; Myint, Steven

2013-01-01

420

Pancreatic exocrine function testing  

SciTech Connect

It is important to understand which pancreatic function tests are available and how to interpret them when evaluating patients with malabsorption. Available direct tests are the secretin stimulation test, the Lundh test meal, and measurement of serum or fecal enzymes. Indirect tests assess pancreatic exocrine function by measuring the effect of pancreatic secretion on various nutrients. These include triglycerides labeled with carbon 14, cobalamin labeled with cobalt 57 and cobalt 58, and para-aminobenzoic acid bound to a dipeptide. Of all these tests the secretin stimulation test is the most accurate and reliable if done by experienced personnel. However, the indirect tests are simpler to do and appear to be comparable to the secretin test at detecting pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. These indirect tests are becoming clinically available and clinicians should familiarize themselves with the strengths and weaknesses of each.

Goff, J.S.

1981-11-01

421

Testing expert systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software quality is of primary concern in all large-scale expert system development efforts. Building appropriate validation and test tools for ensuring software reliability of expert systems is therefore required. The Expert Systems Validation Associate (EVA) is a validation system under development at the Lockheed Artificial Intelligence Center. EVA provides a wide range of validation and test tools to check correctness, consistency, and completeness of an expert system. Testing a major function of EVA. It means executing an expert system with test cases with the intent of finding errors. In this paper, we describe many different types of testing such as function-based testing, structure-based testing, and data-based testing. We describe how appropriate test cases may be selected in order to perform good and thorough testing of an expert system.

Chang, C. L.; Stachowitz, R. A.

1988-01-01

422

Test Control Center exhibit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Have you ever wondered how the engineers at John C. Stennis Space Center in Hancock County, Miss., test fire a Space Shuttle Main Engine? The Test Control Center exhibit at StenniSphere can answer your questions by simulating the test firing of a Space Shuttle Main Engine. A recreation of one of NASA's test control centers, the exhibit explains and portrays the 'shake, rattle and roar' that happens during a real test firing.

2000-01-01

423

Signal conditioner test set  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A system was developed for testing components contained in a signal conditioning module with a transistor and capacitor included in a circuit. The system includes a housing with a socket into which the module to be tested is plugged. A test switch is provided for selectively connecting a variable load to either a transistor or capacitor in the circuit for testing the operation. A signal generating circuit is provided for generating signals for use in testing the components of the module.

Houck, W. H.; Stigberg, J. D. (inventors)

1974-01-01

424

Solderability test system  

DOEpatents

A new test method to quantify capillary flow solderability on a printed wiring board surface finish. The test is based on solder flow from a pad onto narrow strips or lines. A test procedure and video image analysis technique were developed for conducting the test and evaluating the data. Feasibility tests revealed that the wetted distance was sensitive to the ratio of pad radius to line width (l/r), solder volume, and flux predry time. 11 figs.

Yost, F.; Hosking, F.M.; Jellison, J.L.; Short, B.; Giversen, T.; Reed, J.R.

1998-10-27

425

Solderability test system  

DOEpatents

A new test method to quantify capillary flow solderability on a printed wiring board surface finish. The test is based on solder flow from a pad onto narrow strips or lines. A test procedure and video image analysis technique were developed for conducting the test and evaluating the data. Feasibility tests revealed that the wetted distance was sensitive to the ratio of pad radius to line width (l/r), solder volume, and flux predry time.

Yost, Fred (Cedar Crest, NM); Hosking, Floyd M. (Albuquerque, NM); Jellison, James L. (Albuquerque, NM); Short, Bruce (Beverly, MA); Giversen, Terri (Beverly, MA); Reed, Jimmy R. (Austin, TX)

1998-01-01

426

FOS Target Acquisition Test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FOS onboard target acquisition software capabilities will be verified by this test -- point source binary, point source firmware, point source peak-up, wfpc2 assisted realtime, point source peak-down, taled assisted binary, taled assisted firmware, and nth star binary modes. The primary modes are tested 3 times to determine repeatability. This test is the only test that will verify mode-to-mode acquisition offsets. This test has to be conducted for both the RED and BLUE detectors.

Koratkar, Anuradha

1994-07-01

427

Testing the Teacher? Or Teaching the Test?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tests, including those written by someone other than the teacher, are a good thing. They provide one useful measure of the success of a student, course, teacher, or school. But too much of a good thing can cause serious, long-term harm. Let us resolve to use tests judiciously, thoughtfully, and appropriately, and to influence others to do the same.

Literature Cited

  1. High Stakes Testing for Tracking, Promotion, and Graduation; Heubert, J. P.; Hauser, R. M., Eds.; National Academy Press: Washington, DC, 1999; (accessed Jun 2001).
  2. Steinberg, J.; Henriques, D. B. None of the Above; The New York Times May 21, 2001, p A1; May 22, 2001, p A1.
  3. Glenn, T.; Akin, M. Questioning Testing; School Administrator 1996, 53, 26.
  4. Klein, S. P.; Hamilton, L. S.; McCaffrey, D. F.; Stecher, B. M. What Do Test Scores in Texas Tell Us? Educ. Policy Anal. Arch. 2000, 8 (49); (accessed Jun 2001).
  5. Morris, B. R. School Testing Bandwagon Spawns Web Coaching Sites; The New York Times May 24, 2001, p D6.
  6. Goodnough, A. High Stakes of Fourth-Grade Tests Are Driving Off Veteran Teachers; The New York Times June 14, 2001, p A1.

    Moore, John W.

    2001-08-01

428

Entry/Exit Port testing, test report  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Receiving and Processing Module I (WRAP-1) facility must have the ability to allow 55-gallon drums to enter and exit glovebox enclosures. An Entry/Exit Port (Appendix 1, Figure 1), designed by United Engineers and Constructors (UE&C), is one method chosen for drum transfer. The Entry/Exit Port is to be used for entry of 55-gallon drums into both process entry gloveboxes, exit of 55-gallon drum waste pucks from the low-level waste (LLW) glovebox, and loadout of waste from the restricted waste management glovebox. The Entry/Exit Port relies on capture velocity air flow and a neoprene seal to provide alpha confinement when the Port is in the open and closed positions, respectively. Since the glovebox is in a slight vacuum, air flow is directed into the glovebox through the space between the overpack drum and glovebox floor. The air flow is to direct any airborne contamination into the glovebox. A neoprene seal is used to seal the Port door to the glovebox floor, thus maintaining confinement in the closed position. Entry/Exit Port testing took place February 17, 1993, through April 14, 1993, in the 305 building of Westinghouse Hanford Company. Testing was performed in accordance with the Entry/Exit Port Testing Test Plan, document number WHC-SD-WO26-TP-005. A prototype Entry/Exit Port built at the Hanford Site was tested using fluorescent paint pigment and smoke candles as simulant contaminants. This test report is an interim test report. Further developmental testing is required to test modifications made to the Port as the original design of the Port did not provide complete confinement during all stages of operation.

Winkelman, R.H.

1993-05-01

429

To test or not to test  

SciTech Connect

In response to congressional legislation mandating the end of US nuclear weapons testing by September 1996 and calling for the initiation of negotiations for a comprehensive test ban (CTB), President Clinton must soon make two decisions that will have profound implications for nuclear non-proliferation and demonstrate the priority he assigns to arms control. He must decide whether to seek a long-term multilateral treaty banning all nuclear explosions, and whether in the interim to end the current congressionally directed moratorium on US testing.

Keeny, S.M. Jr.

1993-06-01

430

Professional Preparation Systems for Parenting Educators: Identification, Perceived Value, and Demand for a National Credential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported here examined professional preparation systems (PPS) for parenting educators via an online survey of 324 Extension Specialists and members of the National Parenting Education Network (NPEN) and Certified Family Life Educator (CFLE) listservs. Eighty-one PPS of six general types were identified. Curriculum-specific training and…

Stolz, Heidi E.; Henke, Teri M.; Brandon, Denise J.; Sams, Juli M.

2010-01-01

431

Secure Credential Federation for Hybrid Cloud Environment with SAML Enabled Multifactor Authentication using Biometrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud computing is introducing many huge changes to people's lifestyle and working pattern recently for its multitudinous benefits. However, the security of cloud computing is always the focus of numerous potential cloud customers, and a big barrier for its widespread applications.Companies have increasingly turned to application service providers (ASPs) or Software as a Service (SaaS) vendors to offer specialized web-based

B. Prasanalakshmi; A. Kannammal

2012-01-01

432

Producing Quality Credentials. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 13, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countless media reports point to the mismatch between workers' skills and employers' needs. Education and employment data bear out this fact. Using data from the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) and other sources, an influential 2011 report found that a substantial percentage of recent college graduates lack core competencies critical…

Smith, Matthew

2012-01-01

433

78 FR 17917 - Medical Waivers for Merchant Mariner Credential Applicants With a History of Seizure Disorders  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...recurrence (e.g., with a structural brain lesion). (1) If a mariner is determined...etiology, including stroke and trauma; (c) Brain infection, such as encephalitis, meningitis...Intracranial hemorrhage; (f) Post-operative brain surgery with significant brain...

2013-03-25

434

78 FR 17781 - Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC)-Reader Requirements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Armed terrorists use a truck loaded with explosives to attack the target focal point. The...team of terrorists using weapons and explosives attack the target focal point. Assume...of assault. Passenger/Passerby Explosives/Improvised Explosive Device...

2013-03-22

435

76 FR 79544 - Processing of Merchant Mariner Credentials for Those Mariners Not Requiring a Transportation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...towing barges inspected under 46 CFR subchapters D, I or O; 4. Mariners serving on towing vessels involved in fleeting, docking, or ship assist as excepted in Title 33 CFR, Section 104.105(a)(11); and 5. Mariners who are inactive, or...

2011-12-22

436

Secondary metabolite credentials of Evolvulus alsinoides by high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC)  

PubMed Central

Plants and plant-based products are the bases of many modern pharmaceuticals that are current in use today for various diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate the biochemical constituents and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) finger printing of the ethanolic extract of Evolvulus alsinoides. Phytochemical screening was done by standard procedures and HPTLC method was also established to analyze alkaloids, flavonoids and phenolic compounds from the ethanolic extract of Evolvulus alsinoides. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed that ethanol extracted more secondary metabolites than other solvents. HPTLC fingerprinting analysis showed the presence of various alkaloids, flavonoids and phenols (quercetin) in the ethanolic extract. It can be concluded that Evolvulus alsinoides may serve as a source of potent antioxidants that may be used in the prevention of various diseases such as cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases due to the presence of phenolic compounds. HPTLC finger print of Evolvulus alsinoides may be useful in the differentiation of the species from adulterants and act as a biochemical marker for this medicinally important plant in the pharmaceutical industry and plant systematic studies.

Gomathi, Duraisamy; Kalaiselvi, Manokaran; Ravikumar, Ganesan; Sophia, Dominic; Gopalakrishnan, Velliyur Kanniappan; Uma, Chandrasekar

2012-01-01

437

It is good to be green : Environmentally friendly credentials are influencing business outsourcing decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to discuss how the influence of consumer and investor opinions for green corporate accountability and the creation of new government regulations in favor of protecting the environment have pushed green issues onto the boardroom agenda and onto outsourcing vendors' growing plate of priorities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The data presented and the opinions discussed in this paper

Douglas Brown

2008-01-01

438

A Research-Based Internship for Emergency Credentialed Teachers. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching internship program was developed by Baruch College in response to an overabundance of new, uncertified teachers working as temporary per diem teachers in full-time classroom teaching positions in New York City. The 1-year program integrates graduate study of effective teaching with an in-school intern-mentor support system for…

Kay, Patricia M.; Sabatini, Anne

439

Cornerstones of Completion: State Policy Support for Accelerated, Structured Pathways to College Credentials and Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 2012, after a year of intensive data analysis and planning, the colleges participating in Completion by Design announced strategies for creating clear, structured routes through college for more students, often referred to as accelerated, structured pathways to completion. These strategies contain elements unique to each college, but all…

Couturier, Lara K.

2012-01-01

440

21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...channels (e.g., e-mail, mail, or telephone call). If one of the factors used in the authentication protocol is a biometric, or if the practitioner has a hard token that is being enabled to sign controlled substances prescriptions, the...

2013-04-01

441

Necessary but Not Sufficient: The North Dakota School Counselor Designate Credential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than two dozen North Dakota K-12 schools begin each academic year with a school counselor designate because of state mandates for services in each building and a lack of qualified applicants to provide these services. School counselor designates are individuals who hold a North Dakota professional educator's license, have completed a minimum…

DeLorme, Carolyn Schwenke

2010-01-01

442

46 CFR 5.59 - Offenses for which revocation of credentials or endorsements is mandatory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...misconduct for wrongful possession, use, sale, or association with dangerous drugs is found proved. In those cases involving marijuana, the Administrative Law Judge may enter an order less than revocation when satisfied that the use, possession or...

2010-10-01

443

The schoolmaster of all Ireland: The progressive credentials of Patrick Henry Pearse 1879-1916  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patrick Pearse’s status in Ireland today oscillates between the iconic and kitsch: he was recently voted by readers of a newspaper as the person whom they would most like to see commemorated by a statue or monument in central Dublin (though this proposal has not met with universal approval even with that publication’s staff) and as one of the most

David Limond

2005-01-01

444

Secondary metabolite credentials of Evolvulus alsinoides by high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC).  

PubMed

Plants and plant-based products are the bases of many modern pharmaceuticals that are current in use today for various diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate the biochemical constituents and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) finger printing of the ethanolic extract of Evolvulus alsinoides. Phytochemical screening was done by standard procedures and HPTLC method was also established to analyze alkaloids, flavonoids and phenolic compounds from the ethanolic extract of Evolvulus alsinoides. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed that ethanol extracted more secondary metabolites than other solvents. HPTLC fingerprinting analysis showed the presence of various alkaloids, flavonoids and phenols (quercetin) in the ethanolic extract. It can be concluded that Evolvulus alsinoides may serve as a source of potent antioxidants that may be used in the prevention of various diseases such as cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases due to the presence of phenolic compounds. HPTLC finger print of Evolvulus alsinoides may be useful in the differentiation of the species from adulterants and act as a biochemical marker for this medicinally important plant in the pharmaceutical industry and plant systematic studies. PMID:23554763

Gomathi, Duraisamy; Kalaiselvi, Manokaran; Ravikumar, Ganesan; Sophia, Dominic; Gopalakrishnan, Velliyur Kanniappan; Uma, Chandrasekar

2012-07-01

445

Extending SIP authentication to exploit user credentials stored in existing authentication databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SIP protocol provides authentication and authorization of SIP requests through a challenge-response authentication scheme inherited by the HTTP protocol and named HTTP Digest Authentication. The current specification defines a particular algorithm for calculating the challenge response that uses the MD5 hash of a combination of user name, realm, and password. Unfortunately, a lot of authentication systems maintain the user

Stefano Salsano; Andrea Polidoro; Luca Veltri

2008-01-01

446

The Education of a Leader: Educational Credentials and Other Characteristics of Chief Executive Officers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors identified and described the CEOs of Fortune 500 companies in terms of several education-related and other demographic variables. Specifically, they identified the type and level of degrees earned, including specific majors, and additionally explored several demographic variables, including age, gender and ethnicity. They also…

Martelli, Joseph; Abels, Patricia

2010-01-01

447

The Doctor of Musical Arts in Music Education: A Distinctive Credential Needed at This Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The music education profession is in a period of transition. New musics, cultural understandings, and technologies require music teachers to continually update their knowledge and skills. Regulatory changes in many states that require teachers to pursue continuing education credits and receive a master's degree earlier in their careers than…

Jones, Patrick M.

2009-01-01

448

Illinois WorkNet System, NOCTI Partner for Real-World Credentials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes one assessment that provides a college- and career-ready individual for employers. In Illinois, workNet is the state's primary online workforce development Web site and resource for Workforce Investment Act services. With help from NOCTI, workNet offers assessments that identify the skills and interests of participants,…

Telger, Natasha; Foster, John C.

2011-01-01

449

46 CFR 10.229 - Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...will be issued free of charge. The term âother casualtyâ includes any damage to a ship caused by collision, explosion, tornado, wreck, flooding, beaching, grounding, or fire; or personal loss associated with a federally declared natural...

2013-10-01

450

Physical and Social Organization of Space in a Combined Credential Programme: Implications for Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social geography brings a new perspective to understanding longstanding separation between general and special education in higher education. This paper uses methods from social geography to consider how the structures and processes of space function to maintain longstanding divisions between general and special education in a US teacher education…

Young, Kathryn S.

2008-01-01

451

Solid Propellant Test Article (SPTA) Test Stand  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph shows the Solid Propellant Test Article (SPTA) test stand with the Modified Nasa Motor (M-NASA) test article at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The SPTA test stand, 12-feet wide by 12-feet long by 24-feet high, was built in 1989 to provide comparative performance data on nozzle and case insulation material and to verify thermostructural analysis models. A modified NASA 48-inch solid motor (M-NASA motor) with a 12-foot blast tube and 10-inch throat makes up the SPTA. The M-NASA motor is being used to evaluate solid rocket motor internal non-asbestos insulation materials, nozzle designs, materials, and new inspection techniques. New internal motor case instrumentation techniques are also being evaluated.

1991-01-01

452

Thruster endurance test  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A test system was built and several short term tests were completed. The test system included, in addition to the 30-cm ion thruster, a console for powering the thruster and monitoring performance, a vacuum facility for simulating a space environment, and a storage and feed system for the thruster propellant. This system was used to perform three short term tests (one 100-hour and two 500-hour tests), an 1108-hour endurance test which was aborted by a vacuum facility failure, and finally the 10,000-hour endurance test. In addition to the two 400 series thrusters which were used in the short term and 1100-hour tests, four more 400 series thrusters were fabricated, checked out, and delivered to NASA. Three consoles similar to the one used in the test program were also fabricated and delivered.

Collett, C.

1976-01-01

453

Test plan for core drilling ignitability testing  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this testing is to determine if ignition occurs while core drilling in a flammable gas environment. Drilling parameters are chosen so as to provide bounding conditions for the core sampling environment. If ignition does not occur under the conditions set forth in this test, then a satisfactory level of confidence will be obtained which would allow field operations under the normal drilling conditions.

Witwer, K.S.

1996-01-01

454

Wolf Testing: Open Source Testing Software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wolf Testing is software for easily creating and editing exams. Wolf Testing allows the user to create an exam from a database of questions, view it on screen, and easily print it along with the corresponding answer guide. The questions can be multiple choice, short answer, long answer, or true and false varieties. This software can be accessed securely from any location, allowing the user to easily create exams from home. New questions, which can include associated pictures, can be added through a web-interface. After adding in questions, they can be edited, deleted, or duplicated into multiple versions. Long-term test creation is simplified, as you are able to quickly see what questions you have asked in the past and insert them, with or without editing, into future tests. All tests are archived in the database. Written in PHP and MySQL, this software can be installed on any UNIX / Linux platform, including Macintosh OS X. The secure interface keeps students out, and allows you to decide who can create tests and who can edit information already in the database. Tests can be output as either html with pictures or rich text without pictures, and there are plans to add PDF and MS Word formats as well. We would like to thank Dr. Wolfgang Rueckner and the Harvard University Science Center for providing incentive to start this project, computers and resources to complete this project, and inspiration for the project's name. We would also like to thank Dr. Ronald Newburgh for his assistance in beta testing.

Braasch, P.; Gay, P. L.

2004-12-01

455

Letter Directionality Test, Word Directionality Test, and Sentence Directionality Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to measure the subject's ability to discriminate among alphabetic letters varied over three spatial dimensions (left-right, vertical, and combination left-right and vertical), the tests can be administered in groups and take about twenty minutes to complete. Ten letters of the alphabet were selected for assymetry (for example, b-d) and…

Twohig, Brian T.

456

VIEW OF EAST TEST SITE FROM TOP OF STATIC TEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF EAST TEST SITE FROM TOP OF STATIC TEST TOWER VIEW INCLUDES STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS TEST STAND COLD CALIBRATION TEST STAND AND COMPONENTS TEST LAB. - Marshall Space Flight Center, East Test Area, Dodd Road, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

457

Morpheus Vertical Test Bed Flight Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Morpheus Project has developed and tested a prototype planetary lander capable of vertical takeoff and landing, that is designed to serve as a testbed for advanced spacecraft technologies. The lander vehicle, propelled by a LOX/Methane engine and sized to carry a 500kg payload to the lunar surface, provides a platform for bringing technologies from the laboratory into an integrated flight system at relatively low cost. Morpheus onboard software is autonomous from ignition all the way through landing, and is designed to be capable of executing a variety of flight trajectories, with onboard fault checks and automatic contingency responses. The Morpheus 1.5A vehicle performed 26 integrated vehicle test flights including hot-fire tests, tethered tests, and two attempted freeflights between April 2011 and August 2012. The final flight of Morpheus 1.5A resulted in a loss of the vehicle. In September 2012, development began on the Morpheus 1.5B vehicle, which subsequently followed a similar test campaign culminating in free-flights at a simulated planetary landscape built at Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility. This paper describes the integrated test campaign, including successes and setbacks, and how the system design for handling faults and failures evolved over the course of the project.

Hart, Jeremy; Devolites, Jennifer

2014-01-01

458

Wire Test Grip Fixture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wire-testing issues, such as the gripping strains imposed on the wire, play a critical role in obtaining clean data. In a standard test frame fitted with flat wedge grips, the gripping action alone creates stresses on the wire specimen that cause the wire to fail at the grip location. A new test frame, which is outfitted with a vacuum chamber, negated the use of any conventional commercially available wire test fixtures, as only 7 in. (17.8 cm) existed between the grip faces. An innovative grip fixture was designed to test thin gauge wire for a variety of applications in an existing Instron test frame outfitted with a vacuum chamber.

Burke, Christopher S.

2011-01-01

459

Materials Test Branch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Materials Test Branch resides at Marshall Space Flight Center's Materials and Processing laboratory and has a long history of supporting NASA programs from Mercury to the recently retired Space Shuttle. The Materials Test Branch supports its customers by supplying materials testing expertise in a wide range of applications. The Materials Test Branch is divided into three Teams, The Chemistry Team, The Tribology Team and the Mechanical Test Team. Our mission and goal is to provide world-class engineering excellence in materials testing with a special emphasis on customer service.

Gordon, Gail

2012-01-01

460

Smart HIV testing system.  

PubMed

The quick HIV testing method called "MiraWell Rapid HIV Test" uses a specialized testing kit to determine whether an individual's blood is contaminated with the HIV virus or not. When a drop of blood is placed on the center of the testing kit, a simple pattern will appear in the middle of the kit to indicate the test status, i.e., positive or negative. This HIV test should be done in a small clinic or in a lab and the test must be conducted by a trained technician. A smart HIV testing system was developed through this research to eliminate the human error that is associated with the use of the quick HIV testing kits. Also, the smart HIV system will improve the testing productivity in comparison to those achieved by the trained technicians. In this research, we have developed a cost-effective system that analyzes the image produced by the HIV kits. We have used a System-On-Chip (SOC) design approach based on the Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology and the Xilinx Virtex SOC chip in building the system's prototype. The system used a CMOS digital camera to capture the image and an FPGA chip to process the captured image and send the testing results to the display unit. The system can be used in small clinics and pharmacies and eliminates the need for trained technicians. The system has been tested successfully and 98% of the tests were correct. PMID:16078623

El Kateeb, Ali; Law, Peter; Chan, King

2005-06-01

461

3. VIEW LOOKING NORTH, COMPONENTS TEST LABORATORY, DYNAMIC TEST FACILITY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VIEW LOOKING NORTH, COMPONENTS TEST LABORATORY, DYNAMIC TEST FACILITY (SATURN V IN BACKGROUND). - Marshall Space Flight Center, East Test Area, Components Test Laboratory, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

462

Gas Test Loop Booster Fuel Hydraulic Testing  

SciTech Connect

The Gas Test Loop (GTL) project is for the design of an adaptation to the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) to create a fast-flux test space where fuels and materials for advanced reactor concepts can undergo irradiation testing. Incident to that design, it was found necessary to make use of special booster fuel to enhance the neutron flux in the reactor lobe in which the Gas Test Loop will be installed. Because the booster fuel is of a different composition and configuration from standard ATR fuel, it is necessary to qualify the booster fuel for use in the ATR. Part of that qualification is the determination that required thermal hydraulic criteria will be met under routine operation and under selected accident scenarios. The Hydraulic Testing task in the GTL project facilitates that determination by measuring flow coefficients (pressure drops) over various regions of the booster fuel over a range of primary coolant flow rates. A high-fidelity model of the NW lobe of the ATR with associated flow baffle, in-pile-tube, and below-core flow channels was designed, constructed and located in the Idaho State University Thermal Fluids Laboratory. A circulation loop was designed and constructed by the university to provide reactor-relevant water flow rates to the test system. Models of the four booster fuel elements required for GTL operation were fabricated from aluminum (no uranium or means of heating) and placed in the flow channel. One of these was instrumented with Pitot tubes to measure flow velocities in the channels between the three booster fuel plates and between the innermost and outermost plates and the side walls of the flow annulus. Flow coefficients in the range of 4 to 6.5 were determined from the measurements made for the upper and middle parts of the booster fuel elements. The flow coefficient for the lower end of the booster fuel and the sub-core flow channel was lower at 2.3.

Gas Test Loop Hydraulic Testing Staff

2006-09-01

463

Management of Fever in Postpneumococcal Vaccine Era: Comparison of Management Practices by Pediatric Emergency Medicine and General Emergency Medicine Physicians  

PubMed Central

Background. The primary objective of this study was to compare management practices of general emergency physicians (GEMPs) and pediatric emergency medicine physicians (PEMPs) for well-appearing young febrile children. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of well-appearing febrile children aged 3–36 months who presented to a large urban children's hospital (PED), staffed by PEMPs, or a large urban general emergency department (GED), staffed by GEMPs. Demographics, immunization status, laboratory tests ordered, antibiotic usage, and final diagnoses were collected. Results. 224 cases from the PED and 237 cases from the GED were reviewed. Children seen by PEMPs had significantly less CXRs (23 (10.3%) versus 51 (21.5%), P = 0.001) and more rapid viral testing done (102 (45%) versus 40 (17%), P < 0.0001). A diagnosis of a viral infection was more common in the PED, while a diagnosis of bacterial infection (including otitis media) was more common in the GED. More GED patients were prescribed antibiotics (41% versus 27%, P = 0.002), while more PED patients were treated with oseltamivir (6.7% versus 0.4%, P < 0.001). Conclusions. Our findings identify important differences in the care of the young, well-appearing febrile child by PEMPs and GEMPs and highlight the need for standardization of care.

Goldman, David L.; Avner, Jeffrey R.

2014-01-01

464

Commerical module test program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results are presented for a program of qualification testing of commercial crystalline silicon modules from nine manufacturers in five countries. The outcome demonstrated the effective role of the Block 5 Qualification Tests in the development of reliable modules.

Smokier, M. I.

1986-01-01

465

Acceptance Test Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the special tests and procedures that will be performed on the broadband microwave amplifier panel and the various essential elements that comprise the panel. These tests and procedures outlined are those items that are essential for...

D. C. Kraus

1985-01-01

466

Foreign Comparative Testing Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is the fourth and last in a series of reports addressing the Foreign Comparative Testing Program. The first report addresses the use of the Foreign Comparative Testing Program funds for the BOL Expendable Countermeasure Dispenser. The second r...

1998-01-01

467

Follow-Up Testing  

Cancer.gov

Provides possible follow-up testing, next steps and treatments for women who receive abnormal cervical screening test results, including estrogen cream, colposcopy, endocervical curettage biopsy, punch biopsy, and cone biopsy.

468

Test Theory Reconceived.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Educational test theory consists of statistical and methodological tools to support inference about examinees' knowledge, skills, and accomplishments. The evolution of test theory has been shaped by the nature of users' inferences, which until recently, h...

R. J. Mislevy

1995-01-01

469

Safety and abuse testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A series of abuse tests on large lithium thionyl chloride cells was initiated. Performance data obtained in testing rectangular 2,000 and 10,000 ampere-hour cells are discussed and graphically presented.

Younger, G.

1978-01-01

470

Reradiant Recuperator Tests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recuperator tests were conducted at the Alabama Reclamation Plant. During these tests, data were recorded from a radiant recuperator mounted on an aluminum remelt furnace. Two configurations of the recuperator were operated during data collection. During ...

S. L. Richlen

1982-01-01

471

CA-125 blood test  

MedlinePLUS

... is a protein that is found more in ovarian cancer cells than in other cells. This blood test ... to monitor women who have been diagnosed with ovarian cancer. The test is useful if CA-125 level ...

472

Methylene blue test  

MedlinePLUS

The methylene blue test is a test to determine the type of methemoglobinemia (a blood disorder). ... are removed. A dark green powder called methylene blue goes through the tube into your vein. The ...

473

Collecting Samples for Testing  

MedlinePLUS

... will be limited. Search Help? Collecting Samples for Testing Share this page: Was this page helpful? Introduction | ... From Within | Conclusion | Sources Overview Today's technologies allow testing on an impressively wide variety of samples collected ...

474

Film and Battery Tests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents results of tests on mechanical properties of biaxally oriented nylon film (Emblem) and Mylar film and on performance tests of lithium primary cells and silver-hydrogen secondary cells.

W. Stover

1974-01-01

475

Rocket Sled Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data on parameters, such as linear acceleration sustained for periods ot time, velocity, and aerodynamic effects of the type not attainable in the laboratory are often obtained from rocket sled tests. To accomplish these objectives, the Materiel Test Proc...

1968-01-01

476

Surreptitious DNA Testing  

MedlinePLUS

Most states do not have laws restricting surreptitious DNA testing. Those that do generally place restrictions only ... of states have laws that broadly restrict surreptitious DNA testing for both health and non-health-related ...

477

Chloride - urine test  

MedlinePLUS

The urine chloride test measures the amount of chloride in urine. ... After you provide a urine sample, it is tested in the lab. If needed, the health care provider may ask you to collect your urine ...

478

ALP (Alkaline Phosphatase) Test  

MedlinePLUS

... present. If other liver tests such as bilirubin , aspartate aminotransferase (AST) , or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) are also high, ... liver cells, such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) . A test for bilirubin , a substance produced ...

479

Pulmonary Function Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... the technician know. Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are breathing tests to find out how well you move air in and out of your lungs and how well oxygen enters your body. The most common PFT’s are ...

480

Pulmonary function tests  

MedlinePLUS

... of breath Measure whether exposure to chemicals at work affects lung function Check lung function before someone has surgery It ... the meaning of your specific test results. Different measurements ... tests include: Diffusion capacity to carbon monoxide (DLCO) ...

481

Nuclear Stress Test  

MedlinePLUS

... rest (left) and during exercise (right) from a nuclear stress test. The dark area shows a location where blood flow is abnormal. A nuclear stress test lets doctors see pictures of your heart while ...

482

Diagnostic Tests and Procedures  

MedlinePLUS

... doctor will have to tell you what these pictures show. Some tests are more reliable than others, especially for detecting coronary artery disease. Your doctor will decide which test is best for you, based on your symptoms, your medical ...

483

Exercise stress test  

MedlinePLUS

... EKG - exercise treadmill; Stress ECG; Exercise electrocardiography; Stress test - exercise treadmill ... This test is done at a medical center or health care provider's office. The technician will place 10 flat, ...

484

Quadruple screen test  

MedlinePLUS

... screen; Multiple marker screening; AFP plus; Triple screen test; AFP maternal; MSAFP; 4-marker screen ... This test is usually performed between the 15th and 22nd weeks of the pregnancy, but it is most accurate ...

485

Genetic Testing and PXE  

MedlinePLUS

... test. Informed Consent : You are not required to send GeneDx a completed consent document according to the ... Submit the sample and the forms: To GeneDx : Send the completed Test Requisition/Sample Submission Form and ...

486

ISS Update: Suitport Testing  

NASA Video Gallery

ISS Update commentator Lynnette Madison interviews Joel Maganza, Test Director, about thermal vacuum chambers and unmanned and human-testing with the Suitport. Questions? Ask us on Twitter @NASA_Jo...

487

Body Composition Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... Body Composition Tests WHAT ARE BODY COMPOSITION TESTS? ANTHROPOMETRY BIOELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS (BIA) BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) ... technician if you are tracking changes over time. Anthropometry This word just means measuring the body. Anthropometry ...

488

Folic acid - test  

MedlinePLUS

Folic acid is a type of B vitamin. This article discusses the test to measure the amount of folic acid in the blood. ... that may interfere with test results, including folic acid supplements. Drugs that can decrease folic acid measurements ...

489

Home Use Tests  

MedlinePLUS

... no symptoms, so that you can get early treatment and lower your chance of developing later complications (i.e. cholesterol testing, hepatitis testing). detect specific conditions when there are no ...

490

Uric acid test (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Uric acid urine test is performed to check for the amount of uric acid in urine. Urine is collected over a 24 ... for testing. The most common reason for measuring uric acid levels is in the diagnosis or treatment of ...

491

ConcepTest Examples  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

David Steer and David McConnell at the University of Akron are creating and reviewing ConcepTests for introductory geoscience courses. If anyone would like to test existing questions or submit additional ...

492

Visual acuity test  

MedlinePLUS

The visual acuity test is used to determine the smallest letters you can read on a standardized chart (Snellen ... The visual acuity test is a routine part of an eye examination or general physical examination, particularly if there ...

493

Growth hormone test  

MedlinePLUS

... growth hormone can cause abnormal growth patterns called acromegaly in adults and gigantism in children. Too little ... test may be used to monitor response to acromegaly treatment. Different tests are used to diagnose growth ...

494

Coaxial test fixture  

DOEpatents

This invention pertains to arrangements for performing electrical tests on contact material samples, and in particular for testing contact material test samples in an evacuated environment under high current loads. Frequently, it is desirable in developing high-current separable contact material, to have at least a preliminary analysis of selected candidate conductor materials. Testing of material samples will hopefully identify materials unsuitable for high current electrical contact without requiring incorporation of the materials into a completed and oftentimes complex structure.

Praeg, W.F.

1984-03-30

495

Impact Tests for Woods  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Although it is well known that the strength of wood depends greatly upon the time the wood is under the load, little consideration has been given to this fact in testing materials for airplanes. Here, results are given of impact tests on clear, straight grained spruce. Transverse tests were conducted for comparison. Both Izod and Charpy impact tests were conducted. Results are given primarily in tabular and graphical form.

1922-01-01

496

Dynamic geotechnical testing II  

SciTech Connect

This symposium, sponsored by the ASTM Committee on Soil and Rock, had as its primary goal the identification of both established and innovative tests for determining cyclic and dynamic properties of soils. A secondary goal was to provide a forum for a discussion of testing which has been conducted using standard methods. Papers are divided into the following sections: Field testing; Laboratory methods; and Centrifuge testing. Eight of the papers have been selected for inclusion on the data base.

Ebelhar, R.J.; Drnevich, V.P.; Kutter, B.L. (eds.)

1994-01-01

497

Specification-Based Testing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This subset of the Black Box Software Testing collection includes resources to teach Specification-Based Testing. Spec-based testing involves discovering what claims are made in the specifications and testing the product against those claims. Thus, testers might evaluate a product against a comprehensive development specification, a user manual, a third-party manual, or a collection of emails and meeting notes that together define the product. Resources include lecture videos, slides, activities, suggested readings, and study guide materials.

Kaner, Cem; Fiedler, Rebecca L.

2011-06-01

498

Test Bashing Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of 14 articles which appeared in the electronic news bulletin, "EducationNews.org," and which were part of a series on "Test Bashing," a discussion of the use of standardized tests that focuses on controversies surrounding the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills and test score improvements in Texas. The articles are: (1)…

Phelps, Richard P.

499

Intelligence Tests on Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the question of why intelligence tests were put on trial. The courts had to weigh the validity of intelligence tests once California chose to rely upon intelligence tests to justify the large numbers of Black children in classes for the educable mentally retarded. (Author/CTM)

Madden, Palmer Brown

1980-01-01

500

Testing bio-chips  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dependability is an essential attribute for microfluidic biochips that are being developed for safety-critical applications such as point-of-care health assessment, air-quality monitoring, and food-safety testing. Therefore, these devices must be adequately tested after manufacture and during bioassay operations. This paper describes testing and diagnosis techniques for droplet-based \\

K. Chakrabarty

2009-01-01