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Sample records for ged test credential

  1. Economic and Noneconomic Outcomes for GED Credential Recipients. GED Testing Service[TM] Research Studies, 2008-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Wei; Hsu, Yung-chen

    2008-01-01

    The GED (General Educational Development) Tests are widely used to certify a high school level of academic knowledge and skills. The popularity and profound influence of the GED Tests have solicited numerous studies on the outcomes of obtaining a GED credential. Most studies on labor market outcomes for GED credential recipients have targeted…

  2. GED Testing Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GED Testing Service, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This GED Testing fact sheet provides information on: (1) GED[R] Tests; (2) Versions and Editions of the GED Tests; (3) Earning a Credential; (4) GED Testing Service[R]; (5) History of the GED Tests; (6) Who Accepts the GED Credential; (7) Public/Private Partnership of GEDTS; (8) Renowned GED Credential Recipients; (9) GED Testing Numbers for 2008;…

  3. Economic and Noneconomic Outcomes for GED[R] Credential Recipients. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2008-2. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Wei; Hsu, Yung-chen

    2008-01-01

    The General Educational Development (GED) Tests are widely used to certify a high school level of academic knowledge and skills. The popularity and profound influence of the GED Tests have elicited numerous studies on the outcomes of obtaining a GED credential. Most studies on labor market outcomes for GED credential recipients have targeted…

  4. Labor Market Impacts of the GED[R] Test Credential on High School Dropouts: Longitudinal Evidence from NLSY97. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2011-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Wei

    2011-01-01

    Ever since achieving a high school credential by passing the GED[R] test became widely institutionalized through adult education programs in the United States, outcomes for GED test credential recipients have continued to be of great interest to the adult education community and the general public. Very few studies of GED test credential…

  5. Young GED[R] Credential Recipients in the 21st Century: A Snapshot from NLSY97

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Wei; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2011-01-01

    Ever since achieving a high school credential by passing the GED Tests became widely institutionalized through the adult education programs in the United States, the outcomes for GED credential recipients have continued to be of great interest to the adult education community and the general public. Does earning a GED credential bring positive…

  6. 2009 GED Testing Program Statistical Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GED Testing Service, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The "2009 GED[R] Testing Program Statistical Report" is the 52nd annual report in the program's 68-year history of providing a second opportunity for adults without a high school credential to earn their jurisdiction's GED credential. The report provides candidate demographic and GED Test performance statistics as well as historical information on…

  7. Crossing the Bridge: GED Credentials and Postsecondary Educational Outcomes. Year One Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker; Zhang, Jizhi; Song, Wei; Guison-Dowdy, Anne

    2010-01-01

    For most high school non-completers, the GED[R] credential provides a bridge to postsecondary education, but little is known about how successfully GED (General Educational Development) Test candidates make that transition and whether enrollment rates change with time. The American Council on Education (ACE) has begun a three-year longitudinal…

  8. So You Want a GED? Estimating the Impact of the GED on the Earnings of Dropouts Who Seek the Credential. NCSALL Research Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.

    The impact of the General Educational Development certificate (GED) on the earnings of high school dropouts who seek the credential were estimated. The estimates were derived by using several different types of estimation methods to analyze data linking Florida GED test information with quarterly earnings records collected by Florida's…

  9. GED Items. The Newsletter of the GED Testing Service, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on Education, Washington, DC. General Educational Development Testing Service.

    This document consists of the five issues of the newsletter of the General Educational Development (GED) Testing Service: January/February, March/April, May/June, September/October, and November/December. Each issue contains information of interest to users of the GED examinations. The feature article for the January/February issue is "Next…

  10. Are the GED Tests a High School Equivalency or a High School Alternative?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bingham, Millard Juette

    The General Educational Development (GED) Tests date from 1942, when the United States Armed Forces Institute designed a battery of tests to provide military personnel and veterans the opportunity to obtain a credential that demonstrated proficiency on par with high school graduates. Since World War II, the GED Tests have also been beneficial to…

  11. Post-GED-Credential College Prospects for Adults with Special Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2014-01-01

    Many adults with special needs, who did not finish high school, complete a GED® credential to go to college. As they prepare to transition, they may encounter barriers and likely require supports to succeed in college. The purpose of this qualitative research paper is to describe the college prospects of transitioning adults with a GED credential…

  12. Post-GED-Credential Employment Experiences of Adults with Special Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2013-01-01

    When transitioning to employment, students with disabilities who do not complete high school face multiple challenges; even beyond the challenges of students who complete a GED® credential later, especially in times of economic downturn and job instability. They cope with sometimes overwhelming struggles from disabling conditions. Thus GED passers…

  13. GEDs for Teenagers: Are There Unintended Consequences?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaplin, Duncan

    The General Equivalency Diploma (GED) program is designed to help high school dropouts earn an equivalent credential. However, by helping teenage dropouts, the GED program may encourage enrolled youth to leave high school. This paper examines the issue using data on GED policies from the GED testing service and data on high school continuation…

  14. Technical Manual: 2002 Series GED Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ezzelle, Carol; Setzer, J. Carl

    2009-01-01

    This manual was written to provide technical information regarding the 2002 Series GED (General Educational Development) Tests. Throughout this manual, documentation is provided regarding the development of the GED Tests, data collection activities, as well as reliability and validity evidence. The purpose of this manual is to provide evidence…

  15. Educational Credentials in Employment: A Nationwide Survey. GED Research Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malizio, Andrew G.; Whitney, Douglas R.

    A nationwide survey examined the role of educational credentials in the employment practices of private sector companies and institutions. In September 1983, surveys were mailed to a random sample of 1,500 members of the American Society for Personnel Administration. A follow-up mailing was conducted a month later. A total of 643 completed surveys…

  16. Preparation for and Performance on the GED[R] Test. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, Joseph W.; Skaggs, Gary; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2009-01-01

    GED testing candidates have many options available to them to prepare for the GED Test, including adult education classes, practice tests, and self-study. This study focused on candidates who voluntarily took the GED Test and could choose freely among preparation activities. We examined GED Test preparation activities and created eight mutually…

  17. Type of High-School Credentials and Older Age ADL and IADL Limitations: Is the GED Credential Equivalent to a Diploma?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Sze Yan; Chavan, Niraj R.; Glymour, M. Maria

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Educational attainment is a robust predictor of disability in elderly Americans: older adults with high-school (HS) diplomas have substantially lower disability than individuals who did not complete HS. General Educational Development (GED) diplomas now comprise almost 20% of new HS credentials issued annually in the United States but it…

  18. Journeys through College: Postsecondary Transitions and Outcomes of GED[R] Test Passers. Follow-Up Report, Crossing the Bridge, Year Two

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guison-Dowdy, Anne; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2011-01-01

    Since the 1990s, a wealth of literature has compared the benefits of having a GED[R] test credential versus a traditional high school diploma or no high school credential, with an early emphasis on economic impact. One advantage of passing the GED test lies in its ability to open doors to the postsecondary system. Nearly two-thirds of U.S.…

  19. The GED Experience: Reaching Out to People. Final Evaluation Report of Iowa's Experimental GED Test Structure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartwig, John

    This report describes the structure, format, and processes of Iowa's General Educational Development (GED) test center structure and presents the results, conclusions, and recommendations from an evaluation of that structure. The major purposes of the evaluation were to assess the effectiveness of Iowa's new statewide GED structure, determine…

  20. Transitioning the GED[R] Mathematics Test to Computer with and without Accommodations: A Pilot Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker; Higgins, Jennifer; Bozman, Martha; Katz, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We conducted a pilot study to see how the GED Mathematics Test could be administered on computer with embedded accessibility tools. We examined test scores and test-taker experience. Nineteen GED test centers across five states and 216 randomly assigned GED Tests candidates participated in the project. GED candidates completed two GED mathematics…

  1. Preparation for and Performance on the GED[R] Test. GED Testing Service[R] Research Study, 2009-2. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, Joseph W.; Skaggs, Gary; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2009-01-01

    GED (General Educational Development) testing candidates have many options available to them to prepare for the GED Test, including adult education (AE) classes, practice tests, and self-study. This study focused on candidates who voluntarily took the GED Test and could choose freely among preparation activities. We examined GED Test preparation…

  2. Policies of Test Centers and Jurisdictions and GED[R] Candidate Test Performance. GED Testing Service[R] Research Study, 2009-6. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medhanie, Amanuel; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2009-01-01

    The economic and employment outlook for individuals without a high school diploma is bleak. For many of these individuals, passing the General Educational Development (GED) Test is the first step in competing in the increasingly demanding job market. GED test-taking policies vary across test centers and jurisdictions, and have the potential to…

  3. Policies of Test Centers and Jurisdictions and GED Candidate Test Performance. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medhanie, Amanuel; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2009-01-01

    The economic and employment outlook for individuals without a high school diploma is bleak. For many of these individuals, passing the General Educational Development (GED) Test is the first step in competing in the increasingly demanding job market. GED test-taking policies vary across test centers and jurisdictions, and have the potential to…

  4. Reliability Analysis for the Internationally Administered 2002 Series GED Tests. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzer, J. Carl; He, Yi

    2009-01-01

    Reliability Analysis for the Internationally Administered 2002 Series GED (General Educational Development) Tests Reliability refers to the consistency, or stability, of test scores when the authors administer the measurement procedure repeatedly to groups of examinees (American Educational Research Association [AERA], American Psychological…

  5. GED Test Preparation: Practical Reading. Nutrition, Health, Recipes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Deborah

    These instructional materials provide reading materials, recipes, and exercises to help students prepare for the practical reading section of the General Educational Development (GED) Tests. The passages can also help students learn and practice some important life skills in the areas of nutrition and food safety. Basic skill improvement is in…

  6. Measurement of High School Equivalency Credentials in Census Bureau Surveys. SEHSD Working Paper Number 2012-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crissey, Sarah R.; Bauman, Kurt J.

    2012-01-01

    The Census Bureau has historically grouped high school diploma holders along with those who hold "high school equivalent" credentials. Among these is the credential earned through successfully passing the General Education Development (GED) test. Interest in identifying those with GEDs has recently increased, in part from debate within the…

  7. The GED. NBER Working Paper No. 16064

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heckman, James J.; Humphries, John Eric; Mader, Nicholas S.

    2010-01-01

    The General Educational Development (GED) credential is issued on the basis of an eight hour subject-based test. The test claims to establish equivalence between dropouts and traditional high school graduates, opening the door to college and positions in the labor market. In 2008 alone, almost 500,000 dropouts passed the test, amounting to 12% of…

  8. Colorado GED Study. How Colorado Graduates Benefit from Passing the GED Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lance, Keith Curry

    In 1996, follow-up questionnaires were mailed to a racially and ethnically stratified sample of 328 Coloradans who had earned General Educational Development (GED) diplomas in October-December 1995. Although responses were received from 235 (70%) of those surveyed, the response rates for African-Americans and Asian/Pacific Islanders were too low…

  9. High School Credentialing in Wisconsin. Forum: Responding to Changes in High School Equivalency Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Panzer, Willa; Johnson, Mark; Lewis, Beth

    2015-01-01

    Wisconsinites interested in pursuing a high school credential rely on the unique collaboration between the State GED Administrator at the Wisconsin Department of Instruction (DPI), the State Director of Adult Basic Education (ABE) and staff of the Wisconsin Technical College System (WTCS), and the many providers of instruction throughout the…

  10. Annual Statistical Report for Calendar Year 1973 of the GED Testing Service, American Council on Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on Education, Washington, DC. General Educational Development Testing Service.

    Data are presented for applicants taking the test of the General Educational Development Testing Service (GEDTS) under these categories: United States, states and territories, VA hospitals and GEDTS offices, Canada and provinces, and high school level GED testing at official centers from 1949-1973 for veterans, nonveterans, and unclassified…

  11. Computer-Based GED Testing: Implications for Students, Programs, and Practitioners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinkley-Etzkorn, Karen E.; Ishitani, Terry T.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand the process of transitioning from the 2002 version of the GED test to the new 2014 computer-based version. Specifically, this research sought to identify: (1) stakeholder attitudes regarding the new computer-based test; (2) the relationship between students' computer access/comfort and their perceptions…

  12. Written Expression Test: Spanish G.E.D. Curriculum Guide = Plan de estudios examen de expresion escrita G.E.D. en Espanol.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clackamas Community Coll., Oregon City, OR.

    This curriculum guide, almost entirely in Spanish, outlines adult basic education course content to be taught in a Spanish-language high school equivalency program. The course is designed to help students prepare for the General Educational Development (G.E.D.) exam in written expression. The guide begins with a Spanish skills placement test.…

  13. The Canadianization of the GED. The History and Development of the General Educational Development Testing Program in Canada. Occasional Paper, Number 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quigley, Benjamin Allan

    Eight provinces and two territories have built a Canadian General Educational Development (GED) testing program. The Canadian GED program has a number of major Canadian characteristics that have evolved due to a certain inner logic set in motion as the provinces and territories joined the GED program. In order, these provinces and territories have…

  14. The Writing Skills Workbook--In Preparation for the GED Test. Test I: The Writing Skills Test. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Marilyn; And Others

    Intended for students preparing for the General Educational Development (GED) test, this workbook enables them to complete lessons in writing and spelling skills and to take the simulated writing skills tests. The first section contains worksheets on basic writing skills, such as sentence structure, capitalization, and punctuation and the use of…

  15. Taking the Easy Way Out: How the GED Testing Program Induces Students to Drop Out

    PubMed Central

    Heckman, James J.; Humphries, John Eric; LaFontaine, Paul A.; Rodríguez, Pedro L.

    2011-01-01

    The option to obtain a General Education Development (GED) certificate changes the incentives facing high school students. This paper evaluates the effect of three different GED policy innovations on high school graduation rates. A six point decrease in the GED pass rate due to an increase in passing standards produced a 1.3 point decline in overall dropout rates. The introduction of a GED certification program in high schools in Oregon produced a four percent decrease in graduation rates. Introduction of GED certificates in California increased dropout rates by 3 points. The GED program induces high school students to drop out. PMID:24634564

  16. Who Took the GED? GED 1996 Statistical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, Janet, Ed.

    The 13 tables and figures in this report provide summary information about those who took the General Educational Development (GED) Tests in 1996 and the jurisdictions that administer those tests. Most tables summarize information for the United States and Territories, Canada, GED Testing Service, and Program Total. Each table is arranged to…

  17. Writing: Sentence Structure, Usage, and Mechanics. GED Scoreboost.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Karin; Landau, Julie

    GED "Scoreboost" materials target exactly the skills one needs to pass the General Educational Development (GED) tests. This book focuses on the multiple choice portion of the GED writing test. The workbook targets topics directly on the multiple-choice section of the GED Language Arts, Writing Test. These include sentence structure, grammar and…

  18. An Analysis of Calculator Use and Strategy Selection by Prison Inmates Taking the Official GED Practice Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stahl, Nathaniel

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this study was to determine whether adult students incarcerated at a large correctional facility in New England use the provided scientific calculator appropriately when taking the Official GED Practice Test in mathematics. 13 students were interviewed after taking a practice test and asked for their strategy for solving each problem.…

  19. An Analysis of Rural and Urban Pennsylvania Adults Taking, Completing and Passing the GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Horn, Barbara L.; Kassab, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    Dropping out of high school seriously impacts an individual's job opportunities, income potential and employment stability. To minimize those risks, individuals can earn a General Educational Development (GED) credential. Researchers have studied the impact of obtaining a GED on candidates' lives and found that the credential affects their…

  20. GED 21st Century Learning Pathways Pilots. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutschow, Elizabeth Zachry; Grossman, Amanda; Cullinan, Dan

    2014-01-01

    For the nearly 39 million U.S. adults who do not have a high school diploma, the General Educational Development (GED) programs and exam have served as the main avenue for improving individuals' skills and helping them earn a high school credential. However, few students who start these programs ever get this credential, and even fewer advance to…

  1. GED Learners. NetNews. Volume 6, Number 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LDA of Minnesota, 2006

    2006-01-01

    GED (General Educational Development) learners are a diverse group--just like ABE (Adult Basic Education) and ESL (English as a second language) learners. For some, passing the GED tests closes the door on a history of defeat and failure and allows them to move ahead personally. Achieving the goal of passing all five GED tests is not easy for some…

  2. Enhancing GED Instruction to Prepare Students for College and Careers: Early Success in LaGuardia Community College's Bridge to Health and Business Program. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Vanessa; Broadus, Joseph

    2013-01-01

    Nationwide, close to 40 million adults lack a high school diploma or a General Educational Development (GED) credential. About a quarter of high school freshmen do not graduate in four years, and while many high school dropouts eventually do attend GED preparation classes, too few ever pass the GED exam or go on to college. Students with only a…

  3. Who Benefits from a GED? Evidence for Females from "High School and Beyond."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.

    2003-01-01

    Examines labor-market value of the General Educational Development (GED) credential for females. Finds that among females who dropped out of high school with weak basic math skills, those with a GED have accumulated more work experience and have higher labor-market earning in their mid-20s than have observationally similar dropouts lacking the GED…

  4. GED, HiSET and TASC: A Comparison of High School Equivalency Assessments. ECS Education Trends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zinth, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Until January 2014, the General Educational Development (GED) was the only option for youth and adults lacking a high school diploma, but needing a high school credential to pursue employment opportunities or postsecondary education. However, in January 2014, some states began administering one or both alternatives to the GED--the Educational…

  5. Repeat Testing Effects on Credentialing Exams: Are Repeaters Misinformed or Uninformed?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feinberg, Richard A.; Raymond, Mark R.; Haist, Steven A.

    2015-01-01

    To mitigate security concerns and unfair score gains, credentialing programs routinely administer new test material to examinees retesting after an initial failing attempt. Counterintuitively, a small but growing body of recent research suggests that repeating the identical form does not create an unfair advantage. This study builds upon and…

  6. Inspired Start: Experiences of Adult Students Confronting the Ged Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKay, Pilar Erin

    2013-01-01

    Options are limited to gaining a high school equivalency for dropouts. The General Education Development (GED) exam provides people who have left school one way of gaining their secondary school credential. Employing the use of in-depth interviews, auto-ethnography, and participant observation, this study reports the descriptive findings of twelve…

  7. GED Essay Writing: Writing with Spirit. A Notebook for GED Writing Instructors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robson, Rosalie; Barreiro, Mathilda

    This guide was developed to help teachers prepare adult students for the essay writing section of the General Educational Development (GED) tests. It informs teachers of what is expected of students on the essay section of the GED examination, and leads them through the writing process in preparation for teaching students how to write an essay.…

  8. GED Recipients in Postsecondary Education: A Rural-Urban Analysis of Pennsylvania FAFSA Applicants' Educational, Demographic, and Financial Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prins, Esther; Kassab, Cathy

    2015-01-01

    Transitions to postsecondary education for GED graduates are a growing concern for educators and policy makers. This article analyzes the educational, demographic, and financial characteristics of Pennsylvania postsecondary students with a GED credential compared with traditional high school graduates, and identifies rural-urban differences within…

  9. Examining the Validity of GED[R] Tests Scores with Scheduling and Setting Accommodations. GED Testing Service Research Studies, 2004-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George-Ezzelle, Carol E.; Skaggs, Gary

    2004-01-01

    Current testing standards call for test developers to provide evidence that testing procedures and test scores, and the inferences made based on the test scores, show evidence of validity and are comparable across subpopulations (American Educational Research Association [AERA], American Psychological Association [APA], & National Council on…

  10. Study of the CASAS Relationship to GED 2002. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (NJ1), 2003

    2003-01-01

    CASAS, in cooperation with the CASAS National Consortium Policy Council, conducted a study to provide guidance to program and instructional staff regarding student readiness to take the GED Tests. The study looked at the relationship of CASAS reading and math scores to official 2002 GED test results from five states--California, Hawaii, Iowa,…

  11. As a Path to a Degree, the GED Is Rerouted with Students' Needs in Mind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sieben, Lauren

    2011-01-01

    Many community colleges, along with some public-school districts and family-literacy programs, are overhauling their GED curricula and support services. Nearly 40 million American adults do not have high-school or GED diplomas, according to 2009 data from the American Council on Education, which developed the GED test. Another of the council's…

  12. Increasing Positive Outcomes in GED Classes through Family Literacy Programs. Action Research Monograph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roe, Stuart

    The Lycoming County Literacy Project based in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, examined both traditional and family literacy General Educational Development (GED) program participants to determine which programs produce the best results. GED test scores were collected from instructors teaching both traditional and family literacy GED participants. Test…

  13. In-Service and Post-Service Benefits of GED Program Participation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beusse, William E.

    This study analyzes the benefits which accrue to servicemen who participate in and pass the GED equivalency tests. Achievement of GED equivalency was found to result in tangible benefits for the individual, both while in the service and in civilian life. GED recipients attained higher pay grades than those who did not receive equivalency…

  14. Impact of Test Design, Item Quality, and Item Bank Size on the Psychometric Properties of Computer-Based Credentialing Examinations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xing, Dehui; Hambleton, Ronald K.

    2004-01-01

    Computer-based testing by credentialing agencies has become common; however, selecting a test design is difficult because several good ones are available - parallel forms, computer adaptive (CAT), and multistage (MST). In this study, three computer-based test designs under some common examination conditions were investigated. Item bank size and…

  15. GED Math--A Computer Assisted Mathematics Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zellers, Robert W.; And Others

    The first document in this set is a final report titled "Preparation for the Mathematics GED Test: A Computer Based Program," which describes a project to develop a General Educational Development (GED) mathematics preparation program for the adult learner at the 9-12 grade level. The other two documents are a teacher's guide and a student…

  16. Academic Rigor and Economic Value: GED[R] and High School Students' Perceptions and Misperceptions of the GED[R] vs. the High School Diploma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horne, Lela M.; Rachal, John R.; Shelley, Kyna

    2012-01-01

    A mixed methods framework utilized quantitative and qualitative data to determine whether statistically significant differences existed between high school and GED[R] student perceptions of credential value. An exploratory factor analysis (n=326) extracted four factors and then a MANOVA procedure was performed with a stratified quota sample…

  17. Comparison of the Psychometric Properties of Several Computer-Based Test Designs for Credentialing Exams with Multiple Purposes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jodoin, Michael G.; Zenisky, April; Hambleton, Ronald K.

    2006-01-01

    Many credentialing agencies today are either administering their examinations by computer or are likely to be doing so in the coming years. Unfortunately, although several promising computer-based test designs are available, little is known about how well they function in examination settings. The goal of this study was to compare fixed-length…

  18. Development of a novel treatment planning test for credentialing rotational intensity-modulated radiotherapy techniques in the UK

    PubMed Central

    Ciurlionis, L; Clark, C; Venables, K

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The increasing use of tomotherapy and volumetric-modulated arc therapy in UK centres will result in more centres choosing to use this technology in a clinical trial setting. The Radiotherapy Trials Quality Assurance (RTTQA) group has developed a new procedure to integrate into the UK intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) credentialing programme to cover rotational IMRT delivery techniques. Methods: A planning test [three-dimensional treatment planning system (3DTPS)] was designed specifically for rotational IMRT techniques. The feasibility of using this test in the credentialing programme for rotational IMRT was validated by 10 experienced UK centres. The study included five centres using Varian RapidArc™ (RA) (Varian Medical Systems, Milpitas, CA), two using Elekta VMAT™ (VMAT) (Elekta Inc., Norcross, GA) and three using helical tomotherapy (HT) plans. Centres were asked to carry out their own in-house quality assurance (QA) for the plans submitted for this study. A survey was sent out to centres aiming to gather information on their experience in undertaking the exercise and their QA results. Results: All centres fulfilled the primary goal by achieving the dose constraints of the primary planning target volume and organ at risk. Seven centres (three RA, one VMAT and three HT plans) were able to fulfil the secondary goal. Among those seven centres, three centres (two RA and one VMAT plans) achieved the tertiary goal. The results of the survey indicated that the 3DTPS test is a clinically relevant and practical planning test to be used. Conclusion: A planning test for rotational therapy techniques was developed for the RTTQA IMRT credentialing programme. Advances in knowledge: This study validated the feasibility of a 3DTPS test to be used as part of a credentialing programme for rotational IMRT techniques in the UK. PMID:23385993

  19. GED Program on Campus Works.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckett, Gene

    The General Educational Development (GED) program at Shawnee State Community College originated from a request by the local Private Industry Council to design and implement a course of study for economically disadvantaged adults who desire to prepare to take the GED exam and who meet eligibility requirements. The program, which evolved within the…

  20. The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates. GED Testing Service[TM] Research Studies, 2008-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Yung-chen

    2008-01-01

    Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study…

  1. The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED[R] Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates. GED Testing Service[R] Research Study, 2008-1. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Yung-chen

    2008-01-01

    Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study…

  2. Non-Traditional Community-Based Rural GED Programming Outreach Efforts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, Geoffrey S.

    A study examined nontraditional, community-based rural General Educational Development (GED) programming outreach efforts in Pennsylvania. Data for the study were obtained through two computerized bibliographic searches, interviews and phone calls to the GED Testing Division of the Pennsylvania Department of Education, and from phone calls to the…

  3. Tougher Exam for GED Spurs Ups and Downs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2004-01-01

    Participation in the GED testing program plunged by nearly 44 percent during the most recent recorded year, a drop-off that the exam's sponsor attributes to an earlier rush by teenagers and adults to secure high school diplomas through the test before its minimum passing scores were raised. The overall number of teenagers and adults who took the…

  4. Behind the Statistics: Urban Dropouts and the GED.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brouillette, Liane

    1999-01-01

    Interviews with 40 students planning to take the General Education Development test disclosed that less than half had been involved with gangs. Most saw urban teachers as powerless, mentioned adverse circumstances and feelings of hopelessness, and viewed the GED program as a rite of passage and achievable goal. (MLH)

  5. 46 CFR 5.40 - Credential and merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    .... Merchant mariner credential or MMC means the credential issued by the Coast Guard under 46 CFR part 10. It... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Credential and merchant mariner credential. 5.40 Section... MARINE INVESTIGATION REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Definitions § 5.40 Credential and merchant...

  6. 46 CFR 5.40 - Credential and merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    .... Merchant mariner credential or MMC means the credential issued by the Coast Guard under 46 CFR part 10. It... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Credential and merchant mariner credential. 5.40 Section... MARINE INVESTIGATION REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Definitions § 5.40 Credential and merchant...

  7. GED Revision Opens Path to Higher Ed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gewertz, Catherine

    2011-01-01

    The General Educational Development program, or GED, is undergoing the biggest revamping in its 69-year history, driven by mounting recognition that young adults' future success depends on getting more than a high-school-level education. Potent forces have converged to stoke the GED's redesign. A labor market that increasingly seeks some…

  8. Science in the General Educational Development (GED) curriculum: Analyzing the science portion of GED programs and exploring adult students' attitudes toward science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hariharan, Joya Reena

    The General Educational Development (GED) tests enable people to earn a high school equivalency diploma and help them to qualify for more jobs and opportunities. Apart from this main goal, GED courses aim at enabling adults to improve the condition of their lives and to cope with a changing society. In today's world, science and technology play an exceedingly important role in helping people better their lives and in promoting the national goals of informed citizenship. Despite the current efforts in the field of secondary science education directed towards scientific literacy and the concept of "Science for all Americans", the literature does not reflect any corresponding efforts in the field of adult education. Science education research appears to have neglected a population that could possibly benefit from it. The purpose of this study is to explore: the science component of GED programs, significant features of the science portion of GED curricula and GED science materials, and adult learners' attitudes toward various aspects of science. Data collection methods included interviews with GED students and instructors, content analysis of relevant materials, and classroom observations. Data indicate that the students in general feel that the science they learn should be relevant to their lives and have direct applications in everyday life. Student understanding of science and interest in it appears to be contingent to their perceiving it as relevant to their lives and to society. Findings indicate that the instructional approaches used in GED programs influence students' perceptions about the relevance of science. Students in sites that use strategies such as group discussions and field trips appear to be more aware of science in the world around them and more enthusiastic about increasing this awareness. However, the dominant strategy in most GED programs is individual reading. The educational strategies used in GED programs generally focus on developing reading

  9. Competence without Credentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stacey, Nevzer G., Ed.

    These workshop papers address the challenges of alternative credentials, new modes of instruction, and multiple sources of instruction. Following an introduction by Nevzer G. Stacey, "Competence without Credentials: Promise and Potential Problems of Computer-Based Distance Education" (Stephen R. Barley) provides a conceptual framework for the…

  10. Comparison of College Performance of General Educational Development (GED) and High School Diploma Students in Nova Scotia and PEI. Now and Tomorrow Excellence in Everything We Do. SP-978-01-11E

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penner, Audrey J.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify differences in performance if any, between learners with a high school diploma, and those with a GED credential, at two postsecondary institutions, Holland College on Prince Edward Island (PEI) and Nova Scotia Community College in Nova Scotia (NS). Of interest is how these adults perform in a postsecondary…

  11. Credentialing, Licensing, and Education

    MedlinePlus

    ... V W X Y Z Credentialing, Licensing, and Education Share: On This Page Introduction Key Points Keep ... their patients, while other states specifically prohibit it. Education and Training Professional organizations offer certification examinations to ...

  12. A Portrait of an Effective GED Teacher: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wade, Joyce Dee Gibbons

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study embraces the pedagogy that effective General Education Development (GED) teachers can enhance students' academic learning. The study explores what makes an effective GED teacher, such as attributes and instructional strategies. Three methodologies are used: 1) two ninety minute interviews with GED teacher using…

  13. Identifying Ways to Improve Learner Persistence in GED Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tracy M.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this multiple case study was to identify ways to improve learner persistence in General Equivalency Diploma (GED) programs in the U.S. The participants in this multiple case study were GED instructors and adults without high school diplomas who were enrolled in two GED programs were located in the Southern and Southwestern U.S.…

  14. Meaningful Credentials for Career Academies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, John R.; Cheney, Gretchen R.; Kraemer, Jackie

    2001-01-01

    Most school-to-career initiatives are limited to career education and applied learning, combining academic basics and workplace readiness skills. A high-school credentialing system would offer a structured pathway to academic and technical credentials, requiring that students earn a college-placement readiness credential and industry-recognized…

  15. The Lived Experiences of GED (RTM) Students: What Do Their Experiences Tell Us?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snider, Susan Lynn

    2010-01-01

    The General Educational Development (GED[R]) Tests, established in 1945, helped determine soldiers' high school qualifications for the workforce, as they returned home from WWII. Because many soldiers dropped out of school to join the military, achieving a certain score on the test was a way for them to demonstrate that they had attained high…

  16. G.E.D. in 3 Voices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, C. Amelia

    2012-01-01

    In this piece, the author experiments with re-presenting particular stories through poetic texts that contextualize and honor difference in experience between GED students and instructors. These poetic re-presentations stem from an ongoing study that explores (a) adult basic education instructors' perceptions of their pedagogy and interaction with…

  17. An Analysis of Correctional Education GED Essays.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monahan, Michael P.; Schumacker, Randall E.

    Three judges rated General Educational Development (GED) student essays that had been written by nine incarcerated youths. If judge's ratings were not consistent, students would receive a biased average rating. Traditional classical measurement theory computes an intraclass reliability coefficient to determine if judges' ratings are reliable. In…

  18. The Child Development Associate Credential and the Credential Award System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Child Development Associate Consortium, Inc., Washington, DC.

    This document describes, in question and answer format, the Credential Award System through which the Child Development Associate (CDA) Consortium regulates assessment of child care personnel who apply for the CDA credential. A private, non-profit organization of national professional associations, the CDA Consortium was founded in 1972 with the…

  19. The protest intentions of skilled immigrants with credentialing problems: a test of a model integrating relative deprivation theory with social identity theory.

    PubMed

    Grant, Peter R

    2008-12-01

    Currently in Canada, there is a widespread underemployment among foreign-trained immigrants. This is because potential employers often have to evaluate unfamiliar foreign qualifications that, regrettably, are often misunderstood and undervalued. This questionnaire study tested a model that integrates relative deprivation theory with social identity theory to predict the degree to which skilled migrants from Asia and Africa with credentialing problems protest this systemic discriminatory barrier (N=180). In the model, the strength of cultural and national identifications are conceptualized as opposing motivational forces that, along with collective relative deprivation (CRD), directly impact protest intentions. As well, the model specifies that the so-called 'affective' component of CRD consists of an attribution of blame (perceived discrimination) and associated emotions. Structural equation modelling shows that the model is a good fit to the data. As hypothesized, significant path coefficients show that the strength of cultural identity increases and the strength of Canadian identity decreases the degree to which the respondents feel that immigrants suffer discrimination which, in-turn, influenced their intentions to take protest actions. The implications of these findings for the integration of relative deprivation and social identity theories are discussed. PMID:18166140

  20. CREDENTIALISM AND THE EDUCATION SYSTEM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MILLER, S.M.

    EXISTING SOCIAL AND OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURES SHOULD BE REMADE SO THAT CREDENTIALISM DOES NOT ARBITARILY BAR NEGROES AND THE POOR FROM ECONOMIC WELL-BEING AND SOCIAL MOBILITY. GRADUATION FROM A SCHOOL SIMPLY IMPLIES THAT ONE HAS FIT INTO THE PROPER EDUCATIONAL STRAITS AND DOES NOT NECESSARILY SIGNAL QUALITY PERFORMANCE. CREDENTIALISM AND ITS…

  1. Distance Learning for GED[R] Students in Rural Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gungor, Ramazan; Kassab, Cathy

    2012-01-01

    Although many adult basic education programs offer distance learning (DL) for GED (General Educational Development) and English as a Second Language learners, this topic has received little scholarly attention. This article examines the availability, usage, and effectiveness of DL for rural GED candidates in Pennsylvania; students' demographic and…

  2. GED Preparation through Distance Learning in Rural Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gungor, Ramazan; Kassab, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the types, use, and effectiveness of distance learning (DL) for General Education Development (GED) candidates in rural Pennsylvania. The research goal was to provide information for enhancing DL GED study options. Specifically, the study, which was conducted in 2009-2010, sought to: identify the types and use of GED…

  3. Emotional Maturity of Adolescents and Adults in GED Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riffle, Billy Joe

    2010-01-01

    When discussing issues relating to students in General Educational Development (GED) Option and pre-GED programs with educators, the contention exists that it is possible to make reasonably accurate predictions on the success or failure of a student by observing a number of items. Looking at their cumulative records shows their academic and…

  4. From GED to College: Age Trajectories of Nontraditional Educational Paths

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maralani, Vida

    2011-01-01

    Age patterns of secondary certification and college entry differ in complex and surprising ways for traditional graduates and GED recipients. Although GED recipients are less likely to enter college in their late teens, they catch up to traditional graduates in their 20s. Results show that adjusting for differences in the age trajectories of…

  5. The Economic Benefits of the GED: A Research Synthesis. NCSALL Research Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.

    The economic benefits of the General Educational Development certificate (GED) were examined through a review of four published papers and four unpublished working papers on the GED's benefits. Key findings were as follows: (1) a GED provides economic benefits only to low-skilled dropouts; (2) economic benefits of a GED appear over time--often…

  6. G.E.D. Graduate Study. We're Making Tomorrow: Adult Basic Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moraine Valley Community College., Palos Hills, IL. Office of Institutional Research.

    In spring 1982, Moraine Valley Community College (MVCC) surveyed recent General Educational Development (GED) graduates to determine their demographic characteristics, opinions about MVCC's GED program, and the impact of receiving the GED on graduates' lives. Survey instruments were mailed to 321 graduates who had received their GED within the…

  7. Predicting GED Scores on the Bases of Expectancy, Valence, Intelligence, and Pretest Skill Levels with the Disadvantaged.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Ray T.; Davies, Jon A.

    1984-01-01

    Prediction of General Educational Development (GED) scores from motivational variables derived from Vroom's expectancy-valence theorem was hypothesized. The Tests of Adult Basic Education score, General Aptitude Test Battery score, MD1 expectancy subscale score, and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory defensiveness score accounted for…

  8. New Pathways to Credentialing: The Digital Badge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiSalvio, Philip

    2016-01-01

    With an increasing number of higher education institutions now offering "digital badges," some suggest that this credential has become a practical commodity in the world of college credentials. Colleges and universities are in a unique position to be the gatekeepers of many of those credentials. Among the many institutions of higher…

  9. Credentialism in Our Ignorant Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marien, Michael

    All societies have procedures for selecting who will occupy important positions. The use of credentials characterizes our system of social selection, and our worship of them has created the following problems: an artificial demand for education, artificial restraints to learning, the overlooking of obsolescence, generational inversion (wherein the…

  10. Elements of Success: How Type of Secondary Education Credential Helps Predict Enlistee Attrition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkhauser, Susan; Hanser, Lawrence M.; Hardison, Chaitra M.

    2014-01-01

    The U.S. military services have traditionally used a tiering system, including education credentials such as high school diplomas, in combination with Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) scores to help gauge the likelihood of a recruit persevering through his or her first term of service. But what about less traditional credentials, such as…

  11. Comparative Analysis of GED Completion and APL Attainment in West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prey, Phillip O.

    A study compared General Equivalency Development (GED) program completion and Adult Performance Level (APL) attainment in West Virginia. During the study, 97 GED program participants, who were not exposed to APL instruction or materials, completed the APL survey either just before or immediately after taking the GED examination. Seventy-seven of…

  12. The Level of Persistence in High School Drop-Outs Enrolled in the GED Program at a Rural Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCaskill-Mitchell, Sonja

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to identify factors that affect students' persistence in completion of the GED. Exploration of characteristics of participants that do/do not persist and obtain their GED assists the high school dropout, potential GED recipient, GED program staff, and society as a whole. More information was needed in order to…

  13. A comparison of food policy and practice reporting between credentialed and noncredentialed Ohio school foodservice directors.

    PubMed

    Mincher, Jeanine L; Symons, Cynthia W; Thompson, Amy

    2012-12-01

    With rising childhood obesity rates and the increasing complexity of the school food environment, practitioners working in school nutrition need adequate preparation for their responsibilities. School foodservice directors (SFSDs) vary widely in their academic preparation, and there are no established standards for individuals in this occupation. Credentialing provides a way in which baseline knowledge of SFSDs can be established; however, little is known about the influence of such credentials on food-related policies and practices in public schools. Our cross-sectional study compared the reported food policies and practices between credentialed and noncredentialed SFSDs within all districts (N=364) of the Ohio public school system during the 2009-2010 school year. Using a Likert-type format, policy and practice scores were measured by asking participants to respond to statements adapted from the School Health Index assessment tool. Differences in the policy and practice scores reported by SFSDs holding a food-related credential and those not holding a credential were determined by t test. Results indicated that respondents with a food-related credential were more likely to report both comprehensive food-related policies (14.51 vs 13.39; range=0 to 21) and practices (33.86 vs 32.50; range=0 to 39). These findings support the value of credentialing SFSDs. However, further research is required to establish which credential provides the optimal match in the provision of high quality nutrition care to schoolchildren. PMID:23000026

  14. From GED to College: Age Trajectories of Nontraditional Educational Paths

    PubMed Central

    Maralani, Vida

    2015-01-01

    Age patterns of secondary certification and college entry differ in complex and surprising ways for traditional graduates and GED recipients. Although GED recipients are less likely to enter college in their late teens, they catch up to traditional graduates in their 20s. Results show that adjusting for differences in the age trajectories of school continuation accounts for a substantial portion of the differences observed between the two groups. Important differences remain, however, in the type of college attended and the likelihood of college entry before age 21. Nonetheless, more GED recipients enroll in college than previous studies have suggested, and this interest in college identifies a useful place for policy to intervene to encourage school continuation for this group. PMID:26120141

  15. Voluntary Professional Credentialing Programs. A Resource Handbook for Continuing Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanniford, Barbara, Ed.

    This handbook describes 77 voluntary programs offering professional credentialing for people in a wide range of professional and occupational fields. Each description lists credentials, organization offering credentials, initial credentialing requirements, credential renewal requirements (if any), continuing education approval process, and other…

  16. The role of optics in secure credentials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lichtenstein, Terri L.

    2006-02-01

    The global need for secure ID credentials has grown rapidly over the last few years. This is evident both in government and commercial sectors. Governmental programs include national ID card programs, permanent resident cards for noncitizens, biometric visas or border crossing cards, foreign worker ID programs and secure vehicle registration programs. The commercial need for secure credentials includes secure banking and financial services, security and access control systems and digital healthcare record cards. All of these programs necessitate the use of multiple tamper and counterfeit resistant features for credential authentication and cardholder verification. It is generally accepted that a secure credential should include a combination of overt, covert and forensic security features. The LaserCard optical memory card is a proven example of a secure credential that uses a variety of optical features to enhance its counterfeit resistance and reliability. This paper will review those features and how they interact to create a better credential.

  17. 46 CFR 4.03-75 - Merchant mariner credential and credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... by the Coast Guard under 46 CFR part 10. It combines the individual merchant mariner's document... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Merchant mariner credential and credential. 4.03-75... MARINE CASUALTIES AND INVESTIGATIONS Definitions § 4.03-75 Merchant mariner credential and...

  18. 46 CFR 4.03-75 - Merchant mariner credential and credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... by the Coast Guard under 46 CFR part 10. It combines the individual merchant mariner's document... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Merchant mariner credential and credential. 4.03-75... MARINE CASUALTIES AND INVESTIGATIONS Definitions § 4.03-75 Merchant mariner credential and...

  19. Community Education Comparative GED Strategies. Volume I. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morehead State Univ., KY. Appalachian Adult Education Center.

    To assess different methods of preparation for the General Educational Development (GED) examination in rural and urban sites, a study was designed to compare three different types of delivery systems: (1) a support program alone without educational television (ETV); (2) ETV alone; and (3) ETV plus a personal contact, supplemental training support…

  20. Infusing the Workplace into General ABE/GED/ESL Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thistlethwaite, Linda

    2000-01-01

    This paper explains how adult educators involved in the development and delivery of general adult basic education (ABE), General Educational Development (GED) certificate, and English-as-a-second-language (ESL) programs can infuse the workplace into their programs. The paper begins with a brief overview of the rationale for infusing the workplace…

  1. The Need for National Credentialing Standards for Addiction Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Geri; Scarborough, Jim; Clark, Catherine; Leonard, Justin C.; Keziah, Tyler B.

    2010-01-01

    The authors review the current state of credentialing for addiction counselors in the United States and provide recommendations to the addiction counseling field regarding national standards for credentialing.

  2. A Survey: Perceptions of the College of Lake County's G.E.D. Program as Seen by Former Students and Area Personnel Managers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mally, Nell; Charuhas, Mary

    The College of Lake County conducted surveys in December 1976 to determine if the eight-week course to prepare students for the General Educational Development (GED) test was meeting the needs of the students and the community. Questionnaires soliciting information on age, educational background, satisfaction with the course, and subsequent…

  3. Job Corpsmen Selection and Prediction of Successful Completion OF THE General Education Development (GED) Program at Clearfield Urban Job Corps Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carbuhn, Wayne McKinzie

    This investigation, conducted at Clearfield, Utah, Job Corps Urban Center, attempted to help the Advanced Education Department select and predict the performance of corpsmen who would attempt the General Education Development (GED) test (high school equivalency). Previous selection procedures were cumbersome, confusing, and with a high attrition…

  4. Measuring Credential Candidates' Impact on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagans, Kristi S.; Powers, Kristin

    2015-01-01

    The Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) requires faculty from educator preparation programs to provide evidence of credential candidates' impact on K-12 student learning. However, there is a paucity of information on preparation programs' use of direct assessments of student learning to gauge credential candidate…

  5. CTE's Role in Workforce Readiness Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyslop, Alisha

    2008-01-01

    The career and technical education (CTE) programs play critical roles in the growth of workforce readiness credentials. This article presents an ACTE issue brief that highlighting the need for workforce readiness credentials, and the role CTE plays in helping students acquire them. CTE is at the forefront of preparing students at all levels for…

  6. Teacher Credentials and Student Achievement in High School: A Cross-Subject Analysis with Student Fixed Effects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

    2010-01-01

    We use data on statewide end-of-course tests in North Carolina to examine the relationship between teacher credentials and student achievement at the high school level. We find compelling evidence that teacher credentials, particularly licensure and certification, affects student achievement in systematic ways and that the magnitudes are large…

  7. Credentialing of surgical skills centers.

    PubMed

    Sachdeva, Ajit K

    2011-01-01

    Major imperatives regarding quality of patient care and patient safety are impacting surgical care and surgical education. Also, significant emphasis continues to be placed on education and training to achieve proficiency, expertise, and mastery in surgery. Simulation-based surgical education and training can be of immense help in acquiring and maintaining surgical skills in safe environments without exposing patients to risk. Opportunities for repetition of tasks can be provided to achieve pre-established standards, and knowledge and skills can be verified using valid and reliable assessment methods. Also, expertise and mastery can be attained through repeated practice, specific feedback, and establishment of progressively higher learning goals. Simulation-based education and training can help surgeons maintain their skills in infrequently performed procedures and regain proficiency in procedures they have not performed for a period of time. In addition, warm-ups and surgical rehearsals in simulated environments should enhance performance in real settings. Major efforts are being pursued to advance the field of simulation-based surgical education. New education and training models involving validation of knowledge and skills are being designed for practicing surgeons. A competency-based national surgery resident curriculum was recently launched and is undergoing further enhancements to address evolving education and training needs. Innovative simulation-based surgical education and training should be offered at state-of-the-art simulation centers, and credentialing and accreditation of these centers are key to achieving their full potential. PMID:21549986

  8. Perceptions of Student-Teacher Relationships and GED Completion: A Correlational Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hairston, Melissa Tynetta

    2013-01-01

    This study took an in depth look at student-teacher relationships as one institutional barrier affecting GED completion among adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of student-instructor relationships, specifically Instructor Connectedness and Instructor Anxiety, and its effects on adults seeking GED completion. Data from…

  9. Analysis of Survey Findings Concerning the USAFI High School GED Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beusse, William B.

    The study is the third of a series concerning the function of the U.S. Armed Forces Institute (USAFI) High School General Educational Development (GED) program. Information was sought to enable GED program managers to improve the effectiveness of their programs. Questionnaires were sent to a stratified random sample of 1,000 recent former Army…

  10. Perceptions of College Readiness and Social Capital of GED Completers in Entry-Level College Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lott, Donalyn Leufroy

    2012-01-01

    Examining the efficacy of literacy improvement, general education development (GED) completion, and GED completers' perceptions of college readiness and social capital was the purpose of this study. The participant sample (n = 321), derived from the target population (N = 1050), consisted of former participants of Adult Literacy Education…

  11. High School Equivalency Testing in Arizona. Forum: Responding to Changes in High School Equivalency Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Sheryl

    2015-01-01

    For decades, the state of Arizona has used the General Educational Development (GED) Test to award the Arizona High School Equivalency (HSE) Diploma, as the GED Test was the only test available, recognized and accepted in the United States as the measure by which adults could demonstrate the educational attainment equivalent to high school…

  12. Verifying Anonymous Credential Systems in Applied Pi Calculus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xiangxi; Zhang, Yu; Deng, Yuxin

    Anonymous credentials are widely used to certify properties of a credential owner or to support the owner to demand valuable services, while hiding the user's identity at the same time. A credential system (a.k.a. pseudonym system) usually consists of multiple interactive procedures between users and organizations, including generating pseudonyms, issuing credentials and verifying credentials, which are required to meet various security properties. We propose a general symbolic model (based on the applied pi calculus) for anonymous credential systems and give formal definitions of a few important security properties, including pseudonym and credential unforgeability, credential safety, pseudonym untraceability. We specialize the general formalization and apply it to the verification of a concrete anonymous credential system proposed by Camenisch and Lysyanskaya. The analysis is done automatically with the tool ProVerif and several security properties have been verified.

  13. Credentialing Educational Accomplishment. Report and Recommendations of the Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Jerry W., Ed.; Mills, Olive, Ed.

    The Task Force on Educational Credit and Credentials of the American Council on Education undertook a two-year study to determine how postsecondary education's system for awarding credit and credentials can be changed or its adequacy improved to meet today's educational and social needs. This book sets forth the Task Force's report and…

  14. Keystroke Dynamics-Based Credential Hardening Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bartlow, Nick; Cukic, Bojan

    abstract Keystroke dynamics are becoming a well-known method for strengthening username- and password-based credential sets. The familiarity and ease of use of these traditional authentication schemes combined with the increased trustworthiness associated with biometrics makes them prime candidates for application in many web-based scenarios. Our keystroke dynamics system uses Breiman’s random forests algorithm to classify keystroke input sequences as genuine or imposter. The system is capable of operating at various points on a traditional ROC curve depending on application-specific security needs. As a username/password authentication scheme, our approach decreases the system penetration rate associated with compromised passwords up to 99.15%. Beyond presenting results demonstrating the credential hardening effect of our scheme, we look into the notion that a user’s familiarity to components of a credential set can non-trivially impact error rates.

  15. Moral Credentialing and the Rationalization of Misconduct

    PubMed Central

    Brown, Ryan P.; Tamborski, Michael; Wang, Xiaoqian; Barnes, Collin D.; Mumford, Michael D.; Connelly, Shane; Devenport, Lynn D.

    2010-01-01

    Recent studies lead to the paradoxical conclusion that the act of affirming one’s egalitarian or pro-social values and virtues might subsequently facilitate prejudiced or self-serving behavior, an effect previously referred to as “moral credentialing.” The present study extends this paradox to the domain of academic misconduct and investigates the hypothesis that such an effect might be limited by the extent to which misbehavior is rationalizable. Using a paradigm designed to investigate deliberative and rationalized forms of cheating (von Hippel, Lakin, & Shakarchi, 2005), we found that when participants had credentialed themselves (versus a non-close acquaintance) via a set of hypothetical moral dilemmas, they were more likely to cheat on a subsequent math task, but only if cheating was highly rationalizable. When cheating was difficult to rationalize, moral credentialing had almost no impact on cheating. PMID:21503267

  16. Setting Course: The Case for the Credentialing of Forensic Interviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haney, Mike; Vieth, Victor I.; Campos, Hector M.

    2010-01-01

    The article provides a history of efforts to develop a credentialing or certification process for forensic interviewers and reviews the multitiered credentialing process offered by the National Association of Certified Child Forensic Interviewers. The authors argue the benefits of a credentialing process for forensic interviewers and respond to…

  17. Professional Credentialing: A Doomsday Machine without a Failsafe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Kenneth R.

    1993-01-01

    Provides critical assessment of this special journal issue devoted to credentialing in rehabilitation counseling and credentialing movement in general. Contends that primary purpose of professional credentialing in counseling is not to protect the weak but rather to increase the power, authority, and incomes of the strong. Advises caution in…

  18. Credentialing Professional Counselors for the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloom, John W., Ed.

    Couselor credentialing is a way to symbolize professionalism and high standards to the public. Its purpose is to identify counselors who are at least minimally qualified to provide counseling services. This special digest collection on credentialing counselors covers many aspects of legislation, methods, and special concerns about credentialing.…

  19. Establishing a Real-World Credential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pluviose, David

    2007-01-01

    This article features Community College of the Air Force (CCAF) as the world's largest two-year higher education institution that will be celebrating the awarding of its 300,000th associate degree this fall. Headquartered at Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama, CCAF was founded in 1972 as a means of establishing a real-world credential for training…

  20. Privileging and credentialing for interventional cardiology procedures.

    PubMed

    Blankenship, James C; Rosenfield, Kenneth; Jennings, Henry S

    2015-10-01

    Local institutional-specific credentialing and privileging for procedures is an important process for ensuring the quality of care provided by interventional cardiologists. Recently revised standards for coronary intervention and the blossoming of structural heart disease programs have generated controversy over these processes. How standards are set for credentialing and privileging is poorly understood by most interventional cardiologists, including those responsible for credentialing and privileging. Requirements from The Joint Commission dictate how credentialing and privileging is performed at hospitals they accredit. Physicians must be recredentialed every 2 years at each hospital, with privileges renewed at that time. Hospitals must review quality of physicians even more frequently using Ongoing Professional Practice Evaluations. Hospitals must also evaluate the performance of physicians when they join a hospital staff or when they begin performing new procedures using Focused Professional Practice Evaluations. Cardiology department directors and catheterization laboratory directors are responsible for recredentialing and reprivileging members of their departments. Individual physicians are responsible for cooperating with these processes, and for periodic recertification with specialty boards and governmental agencies. We provide specific guidance to help physicians navigate these processes. PMID:25534235

  1. Perceptions of Online Credentials for School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott; Dikkers, Amy Garrett

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the perceptions of human resource directors in the USA about online credentials earned by K-12 school principals and principal candidates. Design/methodology/approach: In this mixed methods study, a survey was sent to a random sample of 500 human resource directors in K-12 school districts…

  2. An Appraisal of an Offender Population on the General Educational Development Test as Predicted by the General Educational Development Practice Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agba, Cyprian Peter; Klosowski, Steven M.; Miller, Gary R.

    2002-01-01

    Data from 2,068 Indiana inmates who took the General Educational Development (GED) practice and final tests between 1988-2000 were analyzed. All six practice tests correlated with performance on the GED test. Most accurate were the FF battery (for writing skills), CC (for social studies), BB (for science), EE (for interpreting literature and…

  3. Credentialing for nurse practitioners: an update.

    PubMed

    Magdic, Kathy S; Hravnak, Marilyn; McCartney, Sharon

    2005-01-01

    The public has the right to safe, quality healthcare delivered by professionals with the appropriate education, training, and experience. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, the Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Healthcare, and managed care organizations take this commitment very seriously. One mechanism required by these agencies to ensure patient safety is the process of credentialing and delineation of clinical privileges for medical staff and allied health professionals, such as Acute Care Nurse Practitioners. This commitment extends to patients receiving healthcare through the technology of telemedicine and to those requiring emergency care resulting from trauma, disasters, and varying forms of terrorism. In addition, safeguards must be in place to prevent identity theft of healthcare providers, including Acute Care Nurse Practitioners. It is essential that Acute Care Nurse Practitioners be familiar with the regulations that impact and guide the process of credentialing and obtaining clinical privileges in a variety of venues. PMID:15714014

  4. For Some Students, GED Test in Spanish Is Best Alternative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zehr, Mary Ann

    2006-01-01

    Earning a high school diploma is one of the milestones for students who come to the United States from other countries. But for those who arrive in their middle to late teens, learning enough English to earn a diploma can seem all but impossible. Some students from Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America, however, are discovering an option that has…

  5. Title VII and the Masters of Reality: Eliminating Credentialism in the American Labor Market.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, David M.; Francis, Richard L.

    1976-01-01

    Examines effects of a Supreme Court decision (Gribbs vs Duke Power Co., 1971) stating that job applicants need neither pass an intelligence test nor possess particular educational credentials unless they are directly related to the requirements of the job. Journal available from Georgetown University Law Center, 600 New Jersey Ave., NW,…

  6. Factors Influencing the Successful Completion of the General Educational Development (GED) Preparation Program as Perceived by the Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Styles, Theresa

    2011-01-01

    This replicated study (A. Tucho, 2000, "Factors Influencing the General Educational Development [GED] Program at Community College of Philadelphia as Perceived by the GED Students") determined which of the 3 types of educational barriers (institutional, situational, and dispositional) represented the major difficulty preventing adult learners from…

  7. Is the GED an Effective Route to Postsecondary Education for School Dropouts? NBER Working Paper No. 13816

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.; Lofstrom, Magnus

    2008-01-01

    We use data from the Texas Schools Microdata Panel (TSMP) to examine the extent to which dropouts use the GED as a route to post-secondary education. The paper develops a model pointing out the potential biases in estimating the effects of taking the "GED path" to postsecondary education. Lacking suitable instruments that would allow us to…

  8. START! The Successful Transitions and Retention Track Program: A Comprehensive Approach to Supporting GED Holders Entering College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nix, J. Vincent; Michalak, Megan B.

    2012-01-01

    Students entering college face many obstacles to success. Students who received a General Education Development (GED) face additional barriers that must be addressed in order for success in higher education. The Successful Transitions and Retention Track Program employs a holistic approach to addressing the needs of GED holders entering college.

  9. Connect the Credentials: A New Effort Aims to Change the Nation's Fragmented Credentialing System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierce, Dennis

    2016-01-01

    Over the past 30 years, the number of industry certificates awarded by colleges and universities has surged more than 800 percent, according to Lumina Foundation. At the same time, new forms of credentials--such as badges--also have emerged. And while there are more than 4,000 organizations granting certifications in the U.S., fewer than 10…

  10. Educational Credentialing of an Aging Workforce: Uneasy Conclusions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the educational attainment of an aging workforce from the perspective of educational credentialing. The research questions are defined as follows: Why are workers over age 50 attaining university degrees? How do they narratively construct the rational for pursuing well-recognized credentials in midlife? The specific focus…

  11. 32 CFR 767.6 - Credentials of principal investigator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Credentials of principal investigator. 767.6... JURISDICATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY Permit Guidelines § 767.6 Credentials of principal investigator. A... papers of the principal investigator (PI) must be submitted with the permit application. The PI must...

  12. Defining Credentials for the Public Workforce System. ACT Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2011

    2011-01-01

    This paper outlines how the National Career Readiness Certificate (NCRC) meets the definition of "credential" as defined by the US Department of Labor Employment (US DOL) and Training Administration's Training and Employment Guidance Letter (TEGL) 15-10. The NCRC fits the US DOL definition of a credential both (a) in the context of workforce…

  13. 46 CFR 131.955 - Display of merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Display of merchant mariner credential. 131.955 Section 131.955 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS OPERATIONS Miscellaneous § 131.955 Display of merchant mariner credential. Each officer on a vessel...

  14. 46 CFR 131.955 - Display of merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Display of merchant mariner credential. 131.955 Section 131.955 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS OPERATIONS Miscellaneous § 131.955 Display of merchant mariner credential. Each officer on a vessel...

  15. Scaling "Stackable Credentials": Implications for Implementation and Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganzglass, Evelyn

    2014-01-01

    Postsecondary education and credentials are key to economic mobility for individuals and economic competitiveness for our nation. Although the economic return to credentials varies significantly by field of study, generally workers with higher levels of education have higher wages, work more hours, and suffer lower rates and shorter durations of…

  16. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  17. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  18. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  19. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  20. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  1. Pharmacological characterization of guanidinoethyldisulphide (GED), a novel inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase with selectivity towards the inducible isoform.

    PubMed Central

    Szabó, C.; Bryk, R.; Zingarelli, B.; Southan, G. J.; Gahman, T. C.; Bhat, V.; Salzman, A. L.; Wolff, D. J.

    1996-01-01

    1. Guanidines, amidines, S-alkylisothioureas, and recently, mercaptoalkylguanidines have been described as inhibitors of the generation of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine by NO synthases (NOS). We have recently demonstrated that guanidinoethyldisulphide (GED), formed from the dimerisation of mercaptoethylguanidine (MEG), is a novel inhibitor of nitric oxide synthases. Here we describe the pharmacological properties of GED on purified NOS isoforms, various cultured cell types, vascular ring preparations, and in endotoxin shock. 2. GED potently inhibited NOS activity of purified inducible NOS (iNOS), endothelial NOS (ecNOS), and brain NOS (bNOS) enzymes with Ki values of 4.3, 18 and 25 microM, respectively. Thus, GED has a 4 fold selectivity for iNOS over ecNOS at the enzyme level. The inhibitory effect of GED on ecNOS and iNOS was competitive vs. L-arginine and non-competitive vs. tetrahydrobiopterin. 3. Murine J774 macrophages, rat aortic smooth muscle cells, murine lung epithelial cells, and human intestinal DLD-1 cells were stimulated with appropriate mixtures of pro-inflammatory cytokines or bacterial lipopolysaccharide to express iNOS. In these cells, GED potently inhibited nitrite formation (EC50 values: 11, 9, 1 and 30 microM, respectively). This suggests that uptake of GED may be cell type and species-dependent. The inhibitory effect of GED on nitrite production was independent of whether GED was given together with immunostimulation or 6 h afterwards, indicating that GED does not interfere with the process of iNOS induction. 4. GED caused relaxations in the precontracted vascular ring preparations (EC50: 20 microM). Part of this relaxation was endothelium-dependent, but was not blocked by methylene blue (100 microM), an inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase. In precontracted rings, GED enhanced the acetylcholine-induced, endothelium-dependent relaxations at 10 microM and caused a slight inhibition of the relaxations at 100 microM. The vascular studies

  2. Teacher Credentials and Student Achievement in High School: A Cross-Subject Analysis with Student Fixed Effects. Working Paper 11

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

    2007-01-01

    We use data on statewide end-of-course tests in North Carolina to examine the relationship between teacher credentials and student achievement at the high school level. The availability of test scores in multiple subjects for each student permits us to estimate a model with student fixed effects, which helps minimize any bias associated with the…

  3. Classrooms of Spatial Justice: Counter-Spaces and Young Men of Color in a GED Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Joni

    2014-01-01

    This article, based on an ethnographic study of an urban General Education Development (GED) program, suggests that for some marginalized young men of color, Adult education programs are counter-spaces of spatial justice in opposition to previous negative school spaces. Framed by critical race theory (CRT) and drawing on critical geography and…

  4. Perspectives of International Students Returning to Persist in a GED Preparation Course: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Sharon D.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore and describe what factors contributed to interrupted persistence among international students, in a General Education Development (GED) preparation course, in an adult continuing education department, in a community college setting, located in an urban area in New York City. The study utilized a qualitative…

  5. Teachers, Tools & Techniques. A Handbook for Adult Basic Education and GED Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koehler, Sandra L.; And Others

    This handbook for Adult Basic Education (ABE) and General Educational Development (GED) instruction synthesizes research and combines it with selected instructional strategies for instructors, tutors, and volunteers. This handbook is a reference tool that sets the scene for instruction in literacy and adult basic education. The handbook includes…

  6. GED Holders in Prison Read Better than Those in the Household Population: Why?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harlow, Caroline Wolf; Jenkins, H. David; Steurer, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    The National Adult Literacy Survey, conducted by the U.S. Department of Education in 1992 and 2003, included federal and state prisoners. One finding of the 2003 survey was that prisoners with a GED scored higher in reading skills than persons in the general population with the equivalent education. In an attempt to explain that unexpected…

  7. Genomic, Proteomic, and Metabolite Characterization of Gemfibrozil-Degrading Organism Bacillus sp. GeD10.

    PubMed

    Kjeldal, Henrik; Zhou, Nicolette A; Wissenbach, Dirk K; von Bergen, Martin; Gough, Heidi L; Nielsen, Jeppe L

    2016-01-19

    Gemfibrozil is a widely used hypolipidemic and triglyceride lowering drug. Excess of the drug is excreted and discharged into the environment primarily via wastewater treatment plant effluents. Bacillus sp. GeD10, a gemfibrozil-degrader, was previously isolated from activated sludge. It is the first identified bacterium capable of degrading gemfibrozil. Gemfibrozil degradation by Bacillus sp. GeD10 was here studied through genome sequencing, quantitative proteomics and metabolite analysis. From the bacterial proteome of Bacillus sp. GeD10 1974 proteins were quantified, of which 284 proteins were found to be overabundant by more than 2-fold (FDR corrected p-value ≤0.032, fold change (log2) ≥ 1) in response to gemfibrozil exposure. Metabolomic analysis identified two hydroxylated intermediates as well as a glucuronidated hydroxyl-metabolite of gemfibrozil. Overall, gemfibrozil exposure in Bacillus sp. GeD10 increased the abundance of several enzymes potentially involved in gemfibrozil degradation as well as resulted in the production of several gemfibrozil metabolites. The potential catabolic pathway/modification included ring-hydroxylation preparing the substrate for subsequent ring cleavage by a meta-cleaving enzyme. The identified genes may allow for monitoring of potential gemfibrozil-degrading organisms in situ and increase the understanding of microbial processing of trace level contaminants. This study represents the first omics study on a gemfibrozil-degrading bacterium. PMID:26683816

  8. Personological Differences Between Enrolling GED Students Who Drop Out and Who Retain.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Russell C.

    The Adjective Check List (ACL) was administered to 142 enrolling GED students to investigate the relationship between students' self-descriptions on the instrument and their persuant persistence behavior in the program. It was hypothesized that there would be no significant ACL scale score differences between those students who discontinued their…

  9. An Exploratory Study of the Educational Support Systems of Female G.E.D. Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champagne, Delight E.

    Structured interviews and case analyses were used to assess the support systems of 20 women enrolled in General Educational Development (GED) preparation classes in Connecticut. None was found to have a complete system of support--that is, one lacking in neither sources nor types of support as defined by the researchers--for their educational…

  10. Implementing the General Education Development (GED) Program in First Nations Communities: Struggles for Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shields, Tracy Jill; Melville, Wayne

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes an ethnographic case study of eleven First Nations adult learners in a Northern Ontario community attempting to earn secondary school equivalency through the General Education Development (GED) program. The paper maintains a focus on the power differentials at work in both the learners' prior educational endeavours and their…

  11. Credentialing issues with sentinel lymph node staging for breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Tafra, L; McMasters, K M; Whitworth, P; Edwards, M J

    2000-10-01

    Sentinel lymphadenectomy (SL) is a minimally invasive approach for staging patients with breast cancer. SL, when performed in lieu of axillary dissection, is associated with less morbidity and is potentially more cost effective and more accurate than the historical axillary dissection in the detection of regional nodal metastases. The credentialing and privileging of SL, as with any surgical procedure, is by the policies of the local hospital or institution. The suggested credentialing criteria for local hospitals has been an area of controversy. Herein the authors outline the credentialing controversy and suggest criteria for the implementation of sentinel lymph node staging for breast cancer. PMID:11113433

  12. Physician credentialing in a consumer-centric world.

    PubMed

    van Amerongen, Derek

    2002-01-01

    As managed care responds to the rising tide of consumerism in medicine, it is necessary to reexamine the functions that health plans have performed. Chief among the activities that demand resources but return minimal value is the process of physician credentialing. As consumers are asked to assume more control in their health care decisions and to pay more for their care, the credentialing process must be changed if it is to add value for consumers. This paper discusses the role of credentialing and how it might be reconfigured to become more meaningful to consumers. PMID:12224877

  13. Economic credentialing moves from the hospital to managed care.

    PubMed

    Blum, J D

    1995-01-01

    This article deals with the application of economic measures to the appointment, reappointment, and delineation of medical staff privileges, the so-called practice of economic credentialing. The concept of economic credentialing is first explored in the hospital context with a focus on legal and political issues. The second part of the article examines how economic credentialing will evolve in new managed care practice settings. Emphasis is placed on how the law and legislation will be utilized by organized medicine to protect physician interests in the process of selective contracting. Specific discussion focuses on the American Medical Association's Patient Protection Act and the implications of "any willing provider" provisions. PMID:8528826

  14. SU-E-P-02: Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core (IROC) Houston QA Center (RPC) Credentialing

    SciTech Connect

    Amador, C; Keith, T; Nguyen, T; Molineu, A; Followill, D

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To provide information pertaining to IROC Houston QA Center's (RPC) credentialing process for institutions participating in NCI-sponsored clinical trials. Methods: IROC Houston issues credentials for NCI sponsored study groups. Requirements for credentialing might include any combination of questionnaires, knowledge assessment forms, benchmarks, or phantom irradiations. Credentialing requirements for specific protocols can be found on IROC Houston's website (irochouston.mdanderson.org). The website also houses the credentialing status inquiry (CSI) form. Once an institution has reviewed the protocol's credentialing requirements, a CSI form should be completed and submitted to IROC Houston. This form is used both to request whether requirements have been met as well as to notify IROC Houston that the institution requests credentialing for a specific protocol. IROC Houston will contact the institution to discuss any delinquent requirements. Once the institution has met all requirements IROC Houston issues a credentialing letter to the institution and will inform study groups and other IROC offices of the credentials. Institutions can all phone the IROC Houston office to initiate credentialing or ask any credentialing related questions. Results: Since 2010 IROC has received 1313 credentialing status inquiry forms. We received 317 in 2010, 266 in 2011, 324 in 2012, and 406 in 2013. On average we receive 35 phone calls per week with multiple types of credentialing questions. Decisions regarding credentialing status are based on the protocol specifications and previous completed credentialing by the institution. In some cases, such as for general IMRT credentialing, up to 5 sites may be credentialed based on the credentialing of one main center. Each of these situations is handled individually. Conclusion: IROC Houston will issue radiation therapy credentials for the NCI trials in the National Clinical Trials Network. Credentialing requirements and the CSI form

  15. Leveraging Commercially Issued Multi-Factor Identification Credentials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baldridge, Tim W.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Identity, Credential and Access Management (ICAM) system. This system is a complete system of identity management, access to desktops and applications, use of smartcards, and building access throughout NASA.

  16. Credentialing in radiology: Current practice and future challenges

    PubMed Central

    Youssef, Adam; McCoubrie, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Radiology has changed significantly in recent years. The volume of work has increased dramatically as has its complexity. Future radiologists need an adequate training and expertise in conventional practice as well as new techniques. This comes at a time when other stakeholders outside of radiology are voicing their own concerns. The rightly justified increasing focus on patient safety has placed even more emphasis on the demonstration of competent practice by all health care professionals. Credentialing has been put forward as a way to ensure a doctor is competent in specific areas. Credentialing may be an alien concept to many radiology trainees but moves are afoot in the United Kingdom to bring it to the forefront of its postgraduate medical training. Credentialing began in 20th century North America where it was linked to the process of privileging. It subsequently garnered a strong patient safety focus and has become a part of the international healthcare agenda. Not everyone agrees with credentialing, it has many criticisms including the risk of speciality “turf wars” and the stifling of medical excellence to name just a couple. Is credentialing in radiology here to stay or will it pass by quietly? This paper reviews the global credentialing movement and discusses how this may impact on future radiology training, using the United Kingdom as its case example. PMID:27247716

  17. Credentialing in radiology: Current practice and future challenges.

    PubMed

    Youssef, Adam; McCoubrie, Paul

    2016-05-28

    Radiology has changed significantly in recent years. The volume of work has increased dramatically as has its complexity. Future radiologists need an adequate training and expertise in conventional practice as well as new techniques. This comes at a time when other stakeholders outside of radiology are voicing their own concerns. The rightly justified increasing focus on patient safety has placed even more emphasis on the demonstration of competent practice by all health care professionals. Credentialing has been put forward as a way to ensure a doctor is competent in specific areas. Credentialing may be an alien concept to many radiology trainees but moves are afoot in the United Kingdom to bring it to the forefront of its postgraduate medical training. Credentialing began in 20(th) century North America where it was linked to the process of privileging. It subsequently garnered a strong patient safety focus and has become a part of the international healthcare agenda. Not everyone agrees with credentialing, it has many criticisms including the risk of speciality "turf wars" and the stifling of medical excellence to name just a couple. Is credentialing in radiology here to stay or will it pass by quietly? This paper reviews the global credentialing movement and discusses how this may impact on future radiology training, using the United Kingdom as its case example. PMID:27247716

  18. An Examination of Motivational Factors in High School Dropouts Participating in General Education Development Degree Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herring, Angela Hudson

    2012-01-01

    According to the GED Testing Service (2011), over 18 million people have earned a GED credential since 1942. The results from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (2007) show that 89% of Whites, 80% of Blacks, and 76.5% of Hispanics reported having a high school diploma. Therefore, individuals who have dropped out of school, but…

  19. Credentialing Kepler: Transits in the Seventeenth Century

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gingerich, O.

    2005-08-01

    Kepler's successful prediction of the 1631 transit of Mercury spurred an interest in his decidedly user-unfriendly Rudolfine Tables. Because his Ephemerides went only to 1636, he did not draw attention to the 1639 transit of Venus, although the tables actually predicted the phenomenon, and the observation by Horrocks again proved the superiority of Kepler's work. By mid-century alternative user-friendly versions of the Rudolfine Tables were published by V. Renieri in Italy, J.B. Morin in France, Maria Cunitia in Germany, and (in a more modified form) by J. Shakerley in England. Transits of Mercury were observed in 1651 (by Shakerley in Surat, India), 1661, 1667, 1690, and 1697, giving astronomers opportunities to compare the predictions from these tables as well as those of Lansbergen (which were a variant of the Copernican Prutenic Tables). Because of the subsequent interest in transits for determining the length of the astronomical unit, the 18th-century French astronomer J-N. Delisle compiled for these early transits extensive systematic records, which are now preserved at the Paris Observatory. By his day, however, the as-yet-unpublished tables of Edmond Halley gave the most successful predictions, and Delisle showed little interest in further credentialing the Rudolfine Tables, a process that had already taken place in the previous century.

  20. Credentialing Data Scientists: A Domain Repository Perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lehnert, K. A.; Furukawa, H.

    2015-12-01

    A career in data science can have many paths: data curation, data analysis, metadata modeling - all of these in different commercial or scientific applications. Can a certification as 'data scientist' provide the guarantee that an applicant or candidate for a data science position has just the right skills? How valuable is a 'generic' certification as data scientist for an employer looking to fill a data science position? Credentials that are more specific and discipline-oriented may be more valuable to both the employer and the job candidate. One employment sector for data scientists are the data repositories that provide discipline-specific data services for science communities. Data science positions within domain repositories include a wide range of responsibilities in support of the full data life cycle - from data preservation and curation to development of data models, ontologies, and user interfaces, to development of data analysis and visualization tools to community education and outreach, and require a substantial degree of discipline-specific knowledge of scientific data acquisition and analysis workflows, data quality measures, and data cultures. Can there be certification programs for domain-specific data scientists that help build the urgently needed workforce for the repositories? The American Geophysical Union has recently started an initiative to develop a program for data science continuing education and data science professional certification for the Earth and space sciences. An Editorial Board has been charged to identify and develop curricula and content for these programs and to provide input and feedback in the implementation of the program. This presentation will report on the progress of this initiative and evaluate its utility for the needs of domain repositories in the Earth and space sciences.

  1. Why do anthropogenic global warming skeptics have poorer scientific credentials than their opponents?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rogers, N. L.

    2010-12-01

    A paper published in PNAS (1) analyzed the scientific credentials of two groups of activist scientists. The unconvinced by the evidence group included ~500 scientists and technologists who signed various public documents protesting against various aspects of programs to prevent or mitigate anthropogenic global warming. The convinced by the evidence group (~1200 persons) signed public appeals to implement programs to prevent or mitigate AGW. Scientific credentials were measured by publications and citations. The unspoken message of the paper is that we should have confidence in the canonical program of climate change as outlined by, for example, the IPCC, because those who support the program have better scientific credentials than those that don’t. One of the authors of the paper, James Prall, made available on his website lists of several thousand persons, mostly scientists and technologists, who are in one group or the other. The lists include considerable detail, such as publications, citations and education that relates to scientific qualifications. Using Prall’s lists and relevant anecdotal statements by prominent advocates on both sides of the issue I suggest an alternate reason for the disparity in scientific credentials. The PNAS paper in testing scientific credentials counted the number of publications and citations in the area of climate science. There is a certain circularity in using such a test because persons who are professionally employed as climate scientists will naturally have many publications and citations - that is their professional goal. Professional employment in climate science implies adherence to group standards and to some extent beliefs. To give an analogy, if you are a professional freudian psychoanalyst you can’t say that Freud is a crackpot and retain your professional standing. I’m not saying that climate scientists are crackpots, but that there is surely some sort of shared belief and value system whether or not it is

  2. 46 CFR 10.229 - Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... replaced credential(s). The duplicate issued will be in the form of an MMC. Until April 15, 2014, if a... charge. The term “other casualty” includes any damage to a ship caused by collision, explosion,...

  3. 46 CFR 10.229 - Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... replaced credential(s). The duplicate issued will be in the form of an MMC. Until April 15, 2014, if a... charge. The term “other casualty” includes any damage to a ship caused by collision, explosion,...

  4. 46 CFR 10.205 - Validity of a merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Validity of a merchant mariner credential. 10.205 Section 10.205 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.205 Validity...

  5. 46 CFR 10.235 - Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials. 10.235 Section 10.235 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials §...

  6. 46 CFR 10.225 - Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials. 10.225 Section 10.225 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials §...

  7. 46 CFR 10.229 - Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials. 10.229 Section 10.229 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials §...

  8. 46 CFR 10.235 - Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials. 10.235 Section 10.235 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials §...

  9. 46 CFR 10.205 - Validity of a merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Validity of a merchant mariner credential. 10.205 Section 10.205 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.205 Validity...

  10. 46 CFR 10.225 - Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials. 10.225 Section 10.225 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials §...

  11. 46 CFR 10.229 - Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials. 10.229 Section 10.229 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials §...

  12. Credentials in Context: The Meaning and Use of Associate Degrees in the Employment of IT Technicians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Noy, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Educational credentials are clearly linked to economic success, but the reasons for this link are not clear. Common theoretical approaches provide explanations but lack direct employer perspectives on credentials' meaning and the context in which employers make sense of credentials. In this study, I used an alternative perspective based in Meyer's…

  13. Credentialing School Based Teacher Educators: Bases for Decisioning. School Based Teacher Educators, Number 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston, W. Robert; And Others

    The basic question addressed in this monograph is whether credentialing the preservice or inservice school based teacher educator is necessary and/or desirable. To study this question, a series of related issues were posed and investigated: (1) Is there a need for credentialing? (2) What institution would award the credential, and should…

  14. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... approved by an accrediting body, or meets the standards established by the organization itself; (2) For... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Provider selection and credentialing. 422.204 Section 422.204 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...

  15. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... accrediting body, or meets the standards established by the organization itself; (2) For physicians and other... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Provider selection and credentialing. 422.204 Section 422.204 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...

  16. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... approved by an accrediting body, or meets the standards established by the organization itself; (2) For... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Provider selection and credentialing. 422.204 Section 422.204 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...

  17. Combined Credential Programs: Pedagogic, Practical, and Ideological Concerns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Kathryn S.

    2011-01-01

    The number of teacher education programs combining general and special education teacher certification is growing. In spite of this increase, little has been known about how these programs impact preservice teachers' (PSTs) developing professional identities. This article uses a case study of one newly implemented combined credential program at a…

  18. Degrees of Durability and the New World of Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiSalvio, Philip

    2013-01-01

    The erosion of the college credit monopoly, the devaluation of the degree and the rise of new forms of credentialing suggest a generation of students and higher education institutions somewhat different than the previous generation. Consider a higher learning environment where students create their own academic portfolios and shape their…

  19. The Career Readiness Certificate: The Foundation for Stackable Credentials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolin, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    This article features the Career Readiness Certificate (CRC) which serves as the founding credential in the six states and one locality in the Career Readiness Certificate Consortium (Tennessee, West Virginia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia and Washington, D.C.). The Career Readiness Certificate was developed by the small consortium…

  20. Pedagogical Techniques of Improvisation Instructors without Academic Credentials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salonen, Richard Wayne

    2010-01-01

    The importance of music improvisation can be seen in its inclusion in the National Standards for Music Education and the accreditation standards for the National Association of Schools of Music. The purpose of this study was to examine the pedagogical techniques and materials of improvisation instructors who do not hold academic credentials. The…

  1. Laura Pittman: The Nation's First Credentialed Direct Support Professional

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Tom

    2007-01-01

    This article profiles Laura Pittman, the nation's first credentialed Direct Support Professional (DSP). Laura is a DSP at the Orange Grove Center (OGC) in Chattanooga, Tennessee and has been working there for almost ten years. She has been a DSP for seven of those years, and in that role, supported four women at one of the Orange Grove Center…

  2. A Survey on Non-transferable Anonymous Credentials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pape, Sebastian

    There are at least two principal approaches to prevent users from sharing their anonymous credentials: adding valuable secrets into the system the user does not want to share or embedding biometric access control. This paper seeks to identify possible fields of application and to compare both approaches with respect to the credentials’ non-transferability.

  3. CRC Credential Attainment by State Vocational Rehabilitation Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harpster, Anna M.; Byers, Katherine L.; Harris, LaKeisha L.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines 137 state vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselors' perceptions of the value of having the Certified Rehabilitation Counselor (CRC) credential. While almost 53% of this sample included persons who were certified, the majority who were not indicated that the two major reasons for not currently having this designation were: (a)…

  4. From Apprenticeship to Higher Education: Navigating the Credential Landscape

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dismore, Harriet

    2014-01-01

    The credential landscape of vocational and higher education in the UK has expanded in recent years, alongside a rise in the number of students undertaking qualifications and a steady increase in tuition fees. The transition from an apprenticeship to higher education is one example of the progression from vocational to higher education. However,…

  5. Summative Evaluation of the Foreign Credential Recognition Program. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2010

    2010-01-01

    A summative evaluation of the Foreign Credential Recognition Program (FCRP) funded by Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC) was conducted during the spring, summer and fall of 2008. The main objective of the evaluation was to measure the relevance, impacts, and cost-effectiveness of the program. Given the timing of the evaluation…

  6. Medical Laboratory Science: An International Comparison for Credentials Evaluators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Solveig M.; Karlsson, Britta

    Information is presented to help medical technology schools abroad evaluate their credentials in comparison to U.S. requirements. After defining the subfields of medical technology, also called medical laboratory science, a summary is provided of the educational requirements, the professional titles, and the certification recognition of medical…

  7. From OER to PLAR: Credentialing for Open Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friesen, Norm; Wihak, Christine

    2013-01-01

    Recent developments in OER and MOOCs (Open Educational Resources and Massive Open Online Courses) have raised questions as to how learners engaging with these courses and components might be assessed or credentialed. This descriptive and exploratory paper examines PLAR (Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition) as a possible answer to these…

  8. A Bibliography of Reference Materials for Evaluating Foreign Student Credentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hefling, Robert, Ed.

    The Academic Advisory Staff (AAS) of the Office of International Training (OIT), Agency for International Development (AID) analyzes and interprets the academic credentials of AID participants from cooperating countries in terms of the educational system of the U. S. To carry out this service the AAS has developed a library of reference materials…

  9. Training, Degrees, and Credentials in the Hiring of School Psychologists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'donnell, Patrick S.; Dunlap, Linda L.

    2014-01-01

    A national sample of 246 Directors of Pupil Personnel Services and Directors of Special Education were surveyed to assess the importance they place on training, degrees, and credentials in the hiring of school psychologists. High, but varying, levels of importance were found for the content knowledge and skill areas in the National Association of…

  10. Educational Needs Assessment for Wisconsin Adults with Less than High School Graduation or GED.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreitlow, Burton W.; And Others

    This study was conducted to assess the educational needs of Wisconsin adults aged 16 years and older who had not graduated from and were not attending high school or had not received a high school equivalency credential. The project staff interviewed 1,680 Wisconsin residents who met these criteria by telephone, using computerized random digit…

  11. Adult Education in Texas: A Survey of GED Candidates and Hispanic Adult Education Students. Report Number 87-415.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Michael B.; And Others

    A study was conducted to determine demographic characteristics, motivation, and program satisfaction of General Educational Development (GED) candidates and adult education (including adult basic education, secondary adult education, and English as a second language) students in Texas. Between June and December 1985, about 6,000 adult education…

  12. Building Toward a Small Wind Turbine Site Assessor Credential (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Sinclair, K.

    2013-09-01

    Proper site assessment is integral to the development of a successful small wind project. Without a small wind site assessor certification program, consumers, including state incentive program managers, lack a benchmark for differentiating between qualified and nonqualified site assessors. A small wind site assessor best practice manual is being developed as a resource for consumers until a credential program becomes available. This presentation describes the purpose, proposed content, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's approach to the development of such a manual.

  13. The GED and the Rise of Contextless Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutt, Ethan

    2014-01-01

    Background/Context:Policy discussions in the U.S. and abroad have become increasingly studded with reference to the results of international tests like PISA. Unlike most assessments, PISA is not designed to measure whether students have mastered a particular school curriculum but rather provide a measure of students' ability to meet future…

  14. Microprocessor-controlled tester for evaluation of the Self-Energized Credential System (SECS)

    SciTech Connect

    Corlis, N.E.

    1980-03-01

    The Self-Energized Credential System (SECS) was developed for use in the Plutonium Protection System (PPS) installed at Hanford, Washington. Evaluation and development of the SECS system was enhanced by the use of a microprocessor-controlled portal tester. This tester used infrared (ir) beam sensors to provide information on the direction of travel of the credential wearer and to detect inoperative credentials. A printed record of the portal number, actual code read, time, and direction of the credential passage provided information essential to an assessment of the operability of the SECS.

  15. SU-E-J-189: Credentialing of IGRT Equipment and Processes for Clinical Trials

    SciTech Connect

    Court, L; Aristophanous, M; Followill, D; Kirsner, S; Kisling, K; Pidikiti, R; Wong, P; Balter, P; Bellezza, D; Massingill, B; Papanikolaou, N; Parker, B; Zhen, H

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Current dosimetry phantoms used for clinical trial credentialing do not directly assess IGRT processes. This work evaluates a custom-built IGRT phantom for credentialing of multiple IGRT modalities and processes. Methods: An IGRT phantom was built out of a low-density body with two inserts. Insert A is used for the CT simulation. Insert B is used for the actual treatment. The inserts contain identical targets in different locations. Relative positions are unknown to the user. The user simulates the phantom (with insert A) as they would a patient, including marking the phantom. A treatment plan is created and sent to the treatment unit. The phantom (with insert B) is then positioned using local IGRT practice. Shifts (planned isocenter, if applicable, and final isocenter) are marked on the phantom using room lasers. The mechanical reproducibility of re-inserting the inserts within the phantom body was tested using repeat high-resolution CT scans. The phantom was tested at 7 centers, selected to include a wide variety of imaging equipment. Results: Mechanical reproducibility was measured as 0.5-0.9mm, depending on the direction. Approaches tested to mark (and transfer) simulation isocenter included lasers, fiducials and reflective markers. IGRT approaches included kV imaging (Varian Trilogy, Brainlab ExacTrac), kV CT (CT-on-rails), kV CBCT (Varian Trilogy, Varian Truebeam, Elekta Agility) and MV CT (Tomotherapy). Users were able to successfully use this phantom for all combinations of equipment and processes. IGRT-based shifts agreed with the truth within 0.8mm, 0.8mm and 1.9mm in the LR, AP, and SI directions, respectively. Conclusion: Based on these preliminary results, the IGRT phantom can be used for credentialing of clinical trials with an action level of 1mm in AP and LR directions, and 2mm in the SI direction, consistent with TG142. We are currently testing with additional institutions with different equipment and processes, including Cyberknife. This

  16. 28 CFR 523.20 - Good conduct time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... earned or is making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma; or (2... progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma. (d) Notwithstanding the requirements...

  17. 28 CFR 523.20 - Good conduct time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... earned or is making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma; or (2... progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma. (d) Notwithstanding the requirements...

  18. 28 CFR 523.20 - Good conduct time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... earned or is making satisfactory progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma; or (2... progress toward earning a GED credential or high school diploma. (d) Notwithstanding the requirements...

  19. A Secure Authenticated Key Exchange Protocol for Credential Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shin, Seonghan; Kobara, Kazukuni; Imai, Hideki

    In this paper, we propose a leakage-resilient and proactive authenticated key exchange (called LRP-AKE) protocol for credential services which provides not only a higher level of security against leakage of stored secrets but also secrecy of private key with respect to the involving server. And we show that the LRP-AKE protocol is provably secure in the random oracle model with the reduction to the computational Difie-Hellman problem. In addition, we discuss about some possible applications of the LRP-AKE protocol.

  20. Newell Truck Stop Testing Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frey, Marlin L.

    A unique program for providing General Educational Development (GED) diploma testing is described in this document which includes a brief description of the program, a press release, and a brochure. The program, developed by the Newton, Kansas, Unified School District No. 373, is intended to encourage truck drivers to get their diplomas by…

  1. More Than a Matter of Degree--Credentialing, Certification and Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flynn, William J.

    The issue of credentialing and certification has become a major topic of discussion in America's community colleges. At the heart of this issue is the movement of private sector companies into areas previously viewed as the province of higher education: education and training, assessment of competencies, and the awarding of credentials that carry…

  2. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  3. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  4. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  5. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  6. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  7. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  8. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  9. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  10. 46 CFR 10.201 - General characteristics of the merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false General characteristics of the merchant mariner credential. 10.201 Section 10.201 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner...

  11. 46 CFR 10.233 - Obligations of the holder of a merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Obligations of the holder of a merchant mariner credential. 10.233 Section 10.233 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner...

  12. 46 CFR 10.233 - Obligations of the holder of a merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Obligations of the holder of a merchant mariner credential. 10.233 Section 10.233 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner...

  13. 46 CFR 10.201 - General characteristics of the merchant mariner credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General characteristics of the merchant mariner credential. 10.201 Section 10.201 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner...

  14. Extra-Credential Experiences and Social Closure: Working-Class Students at University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehmann, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Human capital theorists perceive of educational expansion as beneficial to individuals, corporations and national economies, while social closure theorists have claimed that inflation of credential requirements maintains traditional status inequalities. In this paper I argue that status inequalities are not only maintained by credential inflation,…

  15. General Education Development (GED®) Credential Attainment, Externalizing Disorders, and Substance Use Disorders in Disconnected Emerging Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergman, Andrea; Kong, Grace; Pope, Alice

    2014-01-01

    There are many benefits for emerging adults, both financial and personal, in obtaining a General Education Development (GED®) credential (Ou, 2008). However, little is known about the correlates of GED® credential attainment in "disconnected" emerging adults attending GED® programs. Our goal was to examine whether externalizing…

  16. Final Report of the ADAMHA/NIAAA Planning Panel on Alcoholism Counselor Credentialing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boynton, Susan; And Others

    This final report presents the recommendation of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Planning Panel that a National Credentialing Organization for Alcoholism Counselors be established. Implementation plans for the National Credentialing Organization are presented in three phases. Funding and staffing are discussed. A…

  17. 46 CFR 10.235 - Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... original following the procedures of §§ 5.901-5.905 of this subchapter. When an officer's endorsement is... whose credential or endorsement has been revoked or suspended without probation may not be issued a..., without probation, the renewal of the credential or endorsement will be withheld until expiration of...

  18. Competence for Children's Sake: Summary Report of a Research Project on the Child Development Associate Credential.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pettygrove, Willa Bowman

    This report summarizes a research project on the Child Development Associate (CDA) assessment and credentialing system. The issues covered in the report fall under two general categories: validity (the ability of the CDA assessment/credential system to identify competent child care staff) and career development potential (the benefits of the CDA…

  19. 14 CFR 135.76 - DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat. 135.76 Section 135.76 Aeronautics and... Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat. (a.... (b) A forward observer's seat on the flight deck or forward passenger seat with headset or...

  20. Credentialing Adult Educators in Illinois: A White Paper for the Field.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leinicke, Will; Francisco, Chris

    An advisory committee oversaw and guided an investigation of credentialing adult education instructors in Illinois. At its direction, a series of focus group inquiries were conducted into issues surrounding the development of a system of professional credentialing. Requirements varied widely in 13 states found to have some form of mandatory…

  1. A multi-national report on methods for institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Stereotactic body radiotherapy and radiosurgery are rapidly emerging treatment options for both malignant and benign spine tumors. Proper institutional credentialing by physicians and medical physicists as well as other personnel is important for the safe and effective adoption of spine radiosurgery. This article describes the methods for institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery at seven highly experienced international institutions. Methods All institutions (n = 7) are members of the Elekta Spine Radiosurgery Research Consortium and have a dedicated research and clinical focus on image-guided spine radiosurgery. A questionnaire consisting of 24 items covering various aspects of institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery was completed by all seven institutions. Results Close agreement was observed in most aspects of spine radiosurgery credentialing at each institution. A formal credentialing process was believed to be important for the implementation of a new spine radiosurgery program, for patient safety and clinical outcomes. One institution has a written policy specific for spine radiosurgery credentialing, but all have an undocumented credentialing system in place. All institutions rely upon an in-house proctoring system for the training of both physicians and medical physicists. Four institutions require physicians and medical physicists to attend corporate sponsored training. Two of these 4 institutions also require attendance at a non-corporate sponsored academic society radiosurgery course. Corporate as well as non-corporate sponsored training were believed to be complimentary and both important for training. In 5 centers, all cases must be reviewed at a multidisciplinary conference prior to radiosurgery treatment. At 3 centers, neurosurgeons are not required to be involved in all cases if there is no evidence for instability or spinal cord compression. Backup physicians and physicists are required at only 1 institution, but

  2. Full time adult credential students' instructional preferences at California State University, Long Beach: pedagogy orandragogy?

    PubMed

    Wang, Victor

    2004-03-01

    This study investigated the instructional preferences of full time adult credential students after they took a live course called Principles of Adult Education at California State University, Long Beach (CSULB) in the fall semester of 2002. These full time adult credential students had been working on their adult teaching credentials to meet the competencies specified by the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing. The course introduced students to Andragogy developed by Malcolm Knowles out of the andragogical model developed by Lindeman (1926). The study used Principles of Adult Learning Scales (PALS), advanced by Gary Conti in 1983 to measure instructional preferences. Data were collected from 30 (100% of 30) full time adult credential students enrolled in a live course to determine their instructional preferences of helping adults learn. The results of the study showed in most cases these adult learning professionals taught adult students andragogically; in some cases they taught adult students pedagogically. PMID:14727315

  3. Purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction analysis of human dynamin-related protein 1 GTPase-GED fusion protein

    PubMed Central

    Klinglmayr, Eva; Wenger, Julia; Mayr, Sandra; Bossy-Wetzel, Ella; Puehringer, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    The mechano-enzyme dynamin-related protein 1 plays an important role in mitochondrial fission and is implicated in cell physiology. Dysregulation of Drp1 is associated with abnormal mitochondrial dynamics and neuronal damage. Drp1 shares structural and functional similarities with dynamin 1 with respect to domain organization, ability to self-assemble into spiral-like oligomers and GTP-cycle-dependent membrane scission. Structural studies of human dynamin-1 have greatly improved the understanding of this prototypical member of the dynamin superfamily. However, high-resolution structural information for full-length human Drp1 covering the GTPase domain, the middle domain and the GTPase effector domain (GED) is still lacking. In order to obtain mechanistic insights into the catalytic activity, a nucleotide-free GTPase-GED fusion protein of human Drp1 was expressed, purified and crystallized. Initial X-ray diffraction experiments yielded data to 2.67 Å resolution. The hexagonal-shaped crystals belonged to space group P21212, with unit-cell parameters a = 53.59, b = 151.65, c = 43.53 Å, one molecule per asymmetric unit and a solvent content of 42%. Expression of selenomethionine-labelled protein is currently in progress. Here, the expression, purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction analysis of the Drp1 GTPase-GED fusion protein are presented, which form a basis for more detailed structural and biophysical analysis. PMID:23027751

  4. 33 CFR 20.1205 - Motion for return of temporarily suspended merchant mariner credential, license, certificate of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... suspended merchant mariner credential, license, certificate of registry, or document. 20.1205 Section 20... Hearings § 20.1205 Motion for return of temporarily suspended merchant mariner credential, license... may move that his or her merchant mariner credential, license, certificate of registry, or document...

  5. 33 CFR 20.1205 - Motion for return of temporarily suspended merchant mariner credential, license, certificate of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... suspended merchant mariner credential, license, certificate of registry, or document. 20.1205 Section 20... Hearings § 20.1205 Motion for return of temporarily suspended merchant mariner credential, license... may move that his or her merchant mariner credential, license, certificate of registry, or document...

  6. Testing Accommodations. NetNews. Volume 7, Number 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LDA of Minnesota, 2006

    2006-01-01

    LDA (Learning Disabilities Association) of Minnesota receives many calls and emails regarding testing accommodations for large-scale testing programs. Callers include the test-takers themselves, parents, teachers, counselors, advocates, and an occasional attorney. The standardized tests they ask about include the GED, SAT and ACT (for college…

  7. Credentialing complementary practitioners in a large academic cancer center.

    PubMed

    Baynham-Fletcher, Laura; Babiak-Vazquez, Adriana E; Cuello, Deanna; Frenkel, Moshe A

    2008-01-01

    One of the key obstacles to the complete integration of complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) into standard care in the United States is the lack of between-state and between-institution standards for credentialing. Also, a formal framework for the scope of CIM practitioner's practice is not available for assessing CIM integration into conventional patient care. Although many cancer centers do have some CIM programming under way, the scope of practice for CIM practitioners who may or may not fall within any formal licensing body and for non-CIM practitioners continues to vary among centers. This variation can result in inconsistent outcomes, difficulties in educating cancer patients about the role CIM can play in their cancer care, and a lack of true integration of CIM therapies into conventional treatment planning for the patient and those who care about and for them. PMID:19134449

  8. The Influence of Self-Efficacy on Reading Achievement of General Educational Development (GED) and High School Graduates Enrolled in Developmental Reading Skills Courses in an Urban Community College System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnes, Martha J.

    2010-01-01

    This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of self-efficacy on the performance of General Educational Development (GED) and high school graduates enrolled in developmental reading skills courses. The sample for the study consisted of 100 high school and 31 GED graduates enrolled in developmental reading courses in a midwestern community…

  9. The ASTER Global Emissivity Dataset (ASTER GED): Mapping Earth's emissivity at 100 meter spatial scale

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hulley, Glynn C.; Hook, Simon J.; Abbott, Elsa; Malakar, Nabin; Islam, Tanvir; Abrams, Michael

    2015-10-01

    Thermal infrared (TIR) data, acquired by instruments on several NASA satellite platforms, are primarily used to estimate the surface temperature/emissivity of the Earth's land surface. One such instrument launched on NASA's Terra satellite in 1999 is the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), which has a spatial resolution of 90 m. Using ASTER data, NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory recently released the most detailed emissivity map of the Earth termed the ASTER Global Emissivity Dataset (ASTER GED) that was acquired by processing millions of cloud free ASTER scenes from 2000 to 2008. The ASTER GEDv3 provides an average emissivity at ~100 m and ~1 km, while GEDv4 provides a monthly emissivity from 2000 to 2015 at ~5 km spatial resolution in the wavelength range between 8 and 12 µm. Validation with lab spectra from four desert sites resulted in an average absolute band error of ~1%, compared to current heritage MODIS products that had average absolute errors of 2.4% (Collection 4) and 4.6% (Collection 5).

  10. 46 CFR 10.235 - Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... original following the procedures of §§ 5.901-5.905 of this subchapter. When an officer's endorsement is... whose credential or endorsement has been revoked or suspended without probation may not be issued...

  11. 46 CFR 10.229 - Replacement of lost merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... expiration date as the lost credential. The duplicate issued will be in the form of an MMC. Until April 15... collision, explosion, tornado, wreck, flooding, beaching, grounding, or fire; or personal loss...

  12. A primer on professional credentialing: introduction to invited commentaries on licensing behavior analysts.

    PubMed

    Green, Gina; Johnston, James M

    2009-01-01

    Questions have arisen recently about the relative merits of certification and licensure for protecting practitioners of behavior analysis and consumers of their services. The two approaches to credentialing have short- and long-term implications for practitioners, consumers, and the field. To provide background for the invited commentaries on these issues, we describe similarities and differences in the two types of professional credentials. PMID:22477696

  13. Navigating credentialing, privileging, and learning curves in robotics with an evidence and experienced-based approach.

    PubMed

    Lenihan, John P

    2011-09-01

    The rapid growth of robot-assisted surgery has created new challenges for hospitals to establish credentialing guidelines for new surgeons. Developing and maintaining these skills requires frequent practice. Borrowing from the aviation model that requires maintaining currency and demonstrating proficiency, robotic credentialing guidelines are being developed that will enable hospitals to insure patient safety and optimal outcomes. The utilization of computerized robotic simulators will, like flight simulators, also help surgeons to maintain and improve skills. PMID:21857169

  14. Comparison of ASTER Global Emissivity Database (ASTER-GED) With In-Situ Measurement In Italian Vulcanic Areas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silvestri, M.; Musacchio, M.; Buongiorno, M. F.; Amici, S.; Piscini, A.

    2015-12-01

    LP DAAC released the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global Emissivity Database (GED) datasets on April 2, 2014. The database was developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology. The database includes land surface emissivities derived from ASTER data acquired over the contiguous United States, Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Australia, Europe, and China. In this work we compare ground measurements of emissivity acquired by means of Micro-FTIR (Fourier Thermal Infrared spectrometer) instrument with the ASTER emissivity map extract from ASTER-GED and the emissivity obtained by using single ASTER data. Through this analysis we want to investigate differences existing between the ASTER-GED dataset (average from 2000 to 2008 seasoning independent) and fall in-situ emissivity measurement. Moreover the role of different spatial resolution characterizing ASTER and MODIS, 90mt and 1km respectively, by comparing them with in situ measurements. Possible differences can be due also to the different algorithms used for the emissivity estimation, Temperature and Emissivity Separation algorithm for ASTER TIR band( Gillespie et al, 1998) and the classification-based emissivity method (Snyder and al, 1998) for MODIS. In-situ emissivity measurements have been collected during dedicated fields campaign on Mt. Etna vulcano and Solfatara of Pozzuoli. Gillespie, A. R., Matsunaga, T., Rokugawa, S., & Hook, S. J. (1998). Temperature and emissivity separation from Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) images. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 36, 1113-1125. Snyder, W.C., Wan, Z., Zhang, Y., & Feng, Y.-Z. (1998). Classification-based emissivity for land surface temperature measurement from space. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 19, 2753-2574.

  15. Credentialed Chefs as Certified Wellness Coaches: Call for Action.

    PubMed

    Polak, Rani; Sforzo, Gary A; Dill, Diana; Phillips, Edward M; Moore, Margaret

    2015-12-01

    Beneficial relationships exist between food preparation skills and improved dietary quality, and between times spent preparing food and mortality. Food shopping, meal planning, preparation and cooking skills are valuable in supporting good health. Thus experts are proposing nutritional counseling be expanded to include these beneficial behavioral skills. Educational programs delivered by chefs have recently emerged as a way to improve engagement with nutritional guidelines. It is reasonable to assume that a chef with behavior change knowledge and skills, such as coaching, may be more effective in facilitating behavior change. We encourage chefs who wish to be involved in promoting health-related behavior change to consider continuing education in coaching knowledge and skills. We also recommend culinary schools to consider offering these courses, to aspiring chefs. Such programming will not only benefit future clients but also offers a career- enriching professional opportunity to chefs. Credentialed chefs can make a positive health impact and should be included as professionals who are eligible for the impending national certification of health and wellness coaches. PMID:26172566

  16. Validating competence: a new credential for clinical documentation improvement practitioners.

    PubMed

    Ryan, Jessica; Patena, Karen; Judd, Wallace; Niederpruem, Mike

    2013-01-01

    As the health information management (HIM) profession continues to expand and become more specialized, there is an ever-increasing need to identify emerging HIM workforce roles that require a codified level of proficiency and professional standards. The Commission on Certification for Health Informatics and Information Management (CCHIIM) explored one such role-clinical documentation improvement (CDI) practitioner-to define the tasks and responsibilities of the job as well as the knowledge required to perform them effectively. Subject-matter experts (SMEs) defined the CDI specialty by following best practices for job analysis methodology. A random sample of 4,923 CDI-related professionals was surveyed regarding the tasks and knowledge required for the job. The survey data were used to create a weighted blueprint of the six major domains that make up the CDI practitioner role, which later formed the foundation for the clinical documentation improvement practitioner (CDIP) credential. As a result, healthcare organizations can be assured that their certified documentation improvement practitioners have demonstrated excellence in clinical care, treatment, coding guidelines, and reimbursement methodologies. PMID:23843769

  17. The Effects of Self-Regulated Strategy Development on the Writing of Expository Essays for Adults with Written Expression Difficulties: Preparing for the GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Ann Bassett; Mason, Linda H.

    2012-01-01

    A multiple-probe, multiple-baseline, across-subjects design was used to examine the writing performance of four low-achieving adult students with and without disabilities enrolled in general equivalency diploma (GED) preparatory classes. Students' writing was evaluated before instruction and after self-regulated strategy development (SRSD)…

  18. Pre-admission credentials and dental school performance of dental hygienists.

    PubMed

    Mauriello, S M; George, J M; May, K N

    1993-04-01

    This study examined the effect of dental hygiene preparation prior to entering dental school on dental school performance. Study participants included 203 female students who entered a public dental school from 1980-1989. Groups 1 and 2 had completed dental school prerequisites and a dental hygiene curriculum in a community college setting (n = 19) or university setting (n = 22) respectively, and Group 3 (n = 162) were traditional students with no dental hygiene education. Preadmission variables were predental science and non-science grade point averages (GPA) and Dental Admission Test (DAT) scores. Performance variables were GPA of years one and two of dental school and National Board scores (Part 1). Results showed that Group 2 hygienists had significantly lower predental science GPAs than Group 1 or 3 and significantly lower non-science GPAs than Group 3 (p < 0). Both groups of hygienists had significantly lower DAT scores than Group 3 (p < 0). No difference was seen in first and second year GPAs or the National Board average. Adjusting performance scores to compensate for deficiencies in preadmission variables showed that Group 2 hygienists had significantly higher adjusted first-year GPAs and National Board averages than Group 3 (p < 0). Thus, hygienists performed as well as non-hygienists in spite of weaker admission credentials. PMID:8482741

  19. The new economic credentialing: protecting hospitals from competition by medical staff members.

    PubMed

    Weeks, Elizabeth A

    2003-01-01

    This Article addresses hospitals' use of economic criteria to determine an individual's qualifications for staff privileges. Hospitals are resorting to economic conflict-of-interest credentialing policies in an attempt to ensure physician's loyalty and maintain their own economic viability. Physicians, however, argue that entrepreneurial activities are necessary for them to meet the economic challenges posed by declining reimbursements and rising insurance costs. The Article surveys the numerous legal theories that physicians (and, in some cases, the federal government) could employ in attacking these new types of credentialing policies and concludes that, on balance, hospitals should be able to implement their policies in ways that minimize liability in most jurisdictions. The Article concludes by discussing other issues that economic credentialing policies raise, including those implicating tax-exempt status and nonlegal considerations. PMID:12940678

  20. Audited credential delegation: a usable security solution for the virtual physiological human toolkit

    PubMed Central

    Haidar, Ali N.; Zasada, Stefan J.; Coveney, Peter V.; Abdallah, Ali E.; Beckles, Bruce; Jones, Mike A. S.

    2011-01-01

    We present applications of audited credential delegation (ACD), a usable security solution for authentication, authorization and auditing in distributed virtual physiological human (VPH) project environments that removes the use of digital certificates from end-users' experience. Current security solutions are based on public key infrastructure (PKI). While PKI offers strong security for VPH projects, it suffers from serious usability shortcomings in terms of end-user acquisition and management of credentials which deter scientists from exploiting distributed VPH environments. By contrast, ACD supports the use of local credentials. Currently, a local ACD username–password combination can be used to access grid-based resources while Shibboleth support is underway. Moreover, ACD provides seamless and secure access to shared patient data, tools and infrastructure, thus supporting the provision of personalized medicine for patients, scientists and clinicians participating in e-health projects from a local to the widest international scale. PMID:22670214

  1. Audited credential delegation: a usable security solution for the virtual physiological human toolkit.

    PubMed

    Haidar, Ali N; Zasada, Stefan J; Coveney, Peter V; Abdallah, Ali E; Beckles, Bruce; Jones, Mike A S

    2011-06-01

    We present applications of audited credential delegation (ACD), a usable security solution for authentication, authorization and auditing in distributed virtual physiological human (VPH) project environments that removes the use of digital certificates from end-users' experience. Current security solutions are based on public key infrastructure (PKI). While PKI offers strong security for VPH projects, it suffers from serious usability shortcomings in terms of end-user acquisition and management of credentials which deter scientists from exploiting distributed VPH environments. By contrast, ACD supports the use of local credentials. Currently, a local ACD username-password combination can be used to access grid-based resources while Shibboleth support is underway. Moreover, ACD provides seamless and secure access to shared patient data, tools and infrastructure, thus supporting the provision of personalized medicine for patients, scientists and clinicians participating in e-health projects from a local to the widest international scale. PMID:22670214

  2. Perspectives From the Field: Certified Health Education Specialists on the Value of Health Education Credentialing.

    PubMed

    Pierre Ste-Rose, Suzie; Medina, Rosalinda; Leal, Monica; Garcia, Sarai; Mata, Holly J

    2015-11-01

    In this commentary, four Certified Health Education Specialists (CHESs) share their reasons for obtaining national certification as health education specialists, the value of national credentialing to their employers, and the career development benefits of National Commission for Health Education Credentialing certification. CHESs play a vital role in diverse research and practice settings and increasingly contribute to changes in practice and policy that promote health equity. National Commission for Health Education Credentialing certification enhances our individual capacity as public health educators and also enhances our profession through systematic verification of responsibilities, competencies, and subcompetencies. This commentary is particularly timely in light of the Health Education Specialist Practice Analysis 2015, which updated, refined, and validated the model of health education practice. PMID:26220281

  3. Predictors of Success on Professional Credentialing Examinations of Athletic Training Undergraduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esparza, Shandra Dawn

    2012-01-01

    Compared to other allied health programs, graduates of athletic training (AT) programs have lower pass rates on their national credentialing examination (48%). In 2013, the new Standards for Entry Level AT Programs from the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE) will require AT education programs to be accountable for…

  4. The Northeast Regional Credential and Rhode Island's Pension Portability Plan. Information Bulletin #37.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Directors of Special Education, Washington, DC.

    Key facts are provided about the Northeast Regional Credential program which allows greater transportability of teacher certification across state lines. Tight and exclusionary teacher certification rules are seen as related to the high numbers of teachers leaving the profession. This regional credentialling program is an agreement among seven…

  5. Nationally Certified Educational Diagnostician (NCED): The Professional Credential for Assessment Specialists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Joe P.; Frye, Ellen M.; Frawley, Patricia A.

    2009-01-01

    A new professional credential, the Nationally Certified Educational Diagnostician (NCED), was established in 2006 for assessment specialists known as educational diagnosticians. The first cohort of 511 diagnosticians from 11 states received NCED certificates in January 2008. Discussed in this article are several issues of concern related to…

  6. A National Study of State Credentialing Requirements for Administrators of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boscardin, Mary Lynn; Weir, Kerry; Kusek, Christopher

    2010-01-01

    Unlike data that show that all states require credentials for special education teachers, national data indicate that only 27 states require licensure/certification/endorsement as an administrator of special education. The titles used by states to identify the local director of special education include administrator of special education, director…

  7. Improving Teacher Preparation and Credentialing Consistent with the National Science Education Standards: Report of a Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education.

    In February, 1996, representatives of departments of education and major teacher education colleges in 39 states, the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Department of Defense met at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. to identify and discuss issues surrounding the preparation and credentialing of science…

  8. 46 CFR 5.205 - Return or issuance of a credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... conditions of the written agreement executed at the time of deposit; and complies with the physical and... on incompetence due to drug abuse, the deposit agreement shall provide that the credential or endorsement will not be returned until the person: (1) Successfully completes a bona fide drug...

  9. Meaningful Credential Renewal: A Policy Proposal to Strengthen Teaching Quality in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esch, Camille; Koppich, Julia; Seder, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Teacher effectiveness is known to be a critical factor in student learning and success. California has made some notable efforts to strengthen teaching, but the most coherent state-level initiatives have been limited to the earliest stages of teachers' careers. After the credentialing and induction phase, state policy does virtually nothing to…

  10. The Making of Young Lives with/against the School Credential.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smyth, John

    2003-01-01

    Interviews with 209 Australian young people who chose not to complete secondary education reveal the complexity of this decision is based on their individual agency in constructing alternative lives. They resist credentialing, which poses an impediment rather than serves as an access mechanism. (Contains 33 references.) (SK)