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Sample records for ged test credential

  1. GED Testing Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GED Testing Service, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This GED Testing fact sheet provides information on: (1) GED[R] Tests; (2) Versions and Editions of the GED Tests; (3) Earning a Credential; (4) GED Testing Service[R]; (5) History of the GED Tests; (6) Who Accepts the GED Credential; (7) Public/Private Partnership of GEDTS; (8) Renowned GED Credential Recipients; (9) GED Testing Numbers for 2008;…

  2. Young GED[R] Credential Recipients in the 21st Century: A Snapshot from NLSY97

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Wei; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2011-01-01

    Ever since achieving a high school credential by passing the GED Tests became widely institutionalized through the adult education programs in the United States, the outcomes for GED credential recipients have continued to be of great interest to the adult education community and the general public. Does earning a GED credential bring positive…

  3. 2009 GED Testing Program Statistical Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GED Testing Service, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The "2009 GED[R] Testing Program Statistical Report" is the 52nd annual report in the program's 68-year history of providing a second opportunity for adults without a high school credential to earn their jurisdiction's GED credential. The report provides candidate demographic and GED Test performance statistics as well as historical information on…

  4. Young GED Examinees and Their Performance on the GED Tests. GED Testing Service Research Studies, 2009-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Jizhi; Han, Mee Young; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2009-01-01

    GED [General Educational Development] Tests offer many young adults who have left school a second chance to gain a credential, yet many educators have concerns about policies for very young test-takers and how they perform on the GED Tests. The GED Testing Service sets the absolute minimum age for taking the GED Tests at 16 years of age. However,…

  5. General Education Development (GED®) Credential Attainment, Externalizing Disorders, and Substance Use Disorders in Disconnected Emerging Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergman, Andrea; Kong, Grace; Pope, Alice

    2014-01-01

    There are many benefits for emerging adults, both financial and personal, in obtaining a General Education Development (GED®) credential (Ou, 2008). However, little is known about the correlates of GED® credential attainment in "disconnected" emerging adults attending GED® programs. Our goal was to examine whether externalizing…

  6. Post-GED-Credential Employment Experiences of Adults with Special Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2013-01-01

    When transitioning to employment, students with disabilities who do not complete high school face multiple challenges; even beyond the challenges of students who complete a GED® credential later, especially in times of economic downturn and job instability. They cope with sometimes overwhelming struggles from disabling conditions. Thus GED passers…

  7. Are the GED Tests a High School Equivalency or a High School Alternative?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bingham, Millard Juette

    The General Educational Development (GED) Tests date from 1942, when the United States Armed Forces Institute designed a battery of tests to provide military personnel and veterans the opportunity to obtain a credential that demonstrated proficiency on par with high school graduates. Since World War II, the GED Tests have also been beneficial to…

  8. Journeys through College: Postsecondary Transitions and Outcomes of GED[R] Test Passers. Follow-Up Report, Crossing the Bridge, Year Two

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guison-Dowdy, Anne; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2011-01-01

    Since the 1990s, a wealth of literature has compared the benefits of having a GED[R] test credential versus a traditional high school diploma or no high school credential, with an early emphasis on economic impact. One advantage of passing the GED test lies in its ability to open doors to the postsecondary system. Nearly two-thirds of U.S.…

  9. GED Candidates and Their Postsecondary Educational Outcomes: A Pilot Study. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker; Song, Wei; Zhang, Jizhi

    2009-01-01

    For most high school non-completers, the GED[R] credential is the bridge to postsecondary education, but little is known about how successfully they could make that transition and whether their participation shifts across time. The American Council on Education (ACE) has begun a three-year longitudinal study to understand the effect of the GED

  10. The GED Experience: Reaching Out to People. Final Evaluation Report of Iowa's Experimental GED Test Structure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartwig, John

    This report describes the structure, format, and processes of Iowa's General Educational Development (GED) test center structure and presents the results, conclusions, and recommendations from an evaluation of that structure. The major purposes of the evaluation were to assess the effectiveness of Iowa's new statewide GED structure, determine…

  11. Transitioning the GED[R] Mathematics Test to Computer with and without Accommodations: A Pilot Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker; Higgins, Jennifer; Bozman, Martha; Katz, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We conducted a pilot study to see how the GED Mathematics Test could be administered on computer with embedded accessibility tools. We examined test scores and test-taker experience. Nineteen GED test centers across five states and 216 randomly assigned GED Tests candidates participated in the project. GED candidates completed two GED mathematics…

  12. Reliability and Validity Evidence for the GED[R] English as a Second Language Test. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzer, J. Carl

    2009-01-01

    The GED[R] English as a Second Language (GED ESL) Test was designed to serve as an adjunct to the GED test battery when an examinee takes either the Spanish- or French-language version of the tests. The GED ESL Test is a criterion-referenced, multiple-choice instrument that assesses the functional, English reading skills of adults whose first…

  13. Anticipated Effects of the GED® Test on Educators and Young Adult Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinkley-Etzkorn, Karen E.; Skolits, Gary

    2014-01-01

    Given the changes made to the GED® test in 2014, one concern among state policy makers, adult educators, and GED® service providers has been the impact of these changes on students as well as teachers, staff, volunteers, and other GED® program stakeholders. Using a qualitative, case study research approach focused on one GED® test preparation site…

  14. Policies of Test Centers and Jurisdictions and GED Candidate Test Performance. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medhanie, Amanuel; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2009-01-01

    The economic and employment outlook for individuals without a high school diploma is bleak. For many of these individuals, passing the General Educational Development (GED) Test is the first step in competing in the increasingly demanding job market. GED test-taking policies vary across test centers and jurisdictions, and have the potential to…

  15. Policies of Test Centers and Jurisdictions and GED[R] Candidate Test Performance. GED Testing Service[R] Research Study, 2009-6. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medhanie, Amanuel; Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2009-01-01

    The economic and employment outlook for individuals without a high school diploma is bleak. For many of these individuals, passing the General Educational Development (GED) Test is the first step in competing in the increasingly demanding job market. GED test-taking policies vary across test centers and jurisdictions, and have the potential to…

  16. Reliability Analysis for the Internationally Administered 2002 Series GED Tests. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzer, J. Carl; He, Yi

    2009-01-01

    Reliability Analysis for the Internationally Administered 2002 Series GED (General Educational Development) Tests Reliability refers to the consistency, or stability, of test scores when the authors administer the measurement procedure repeatedly to groups of examinees (American Educational Research Association [AERA], American Psychological…

  17. GED Test Preparation: Practical Reading. Nutrition, Health, Recipes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Deborah

    These instructional materials provide reading materials, recipes, and exercises to help students prepare for the practical reading section of the General Educational Development (GED) Tests. The passages can also help students learn and practice some important life skills in the areas of nutrition and food safety. Basic skill improvement is in…

  18. GED Candidates and Their Postsecondary Educational Outcomes: A Pilot Study. GED Testing Service[R] Research Studies, 2009-5. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker; Song, Wei; Zhang, Jizhi

    2009-01-01

    For most high school non-completers, the GED[R] (General Educational Development) credential is the bridge to postsecondary education, but little is known about how successfully they could make that transition and whether their participation shifts across time. The American Council on Education (ACE) has begun a three-year longitudinal study to…

  19. The GED. NBER Working Paper No. 16064

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heckman, James J.; Humphries, John Eric; Mader, Nicholas S.

    2010-01-01

    The General Educational Development (GED) credential is issued on the basis of an eight hour subject-based test. The test claims to establish equivalence between dropouts and traditional high school graduates, opening the door to college and positions in the labor market. In 2008 alone, almost 500,000 dropouts passed the test, amounting to 12% of…

  20. Measurement of High School Equivalency Credentials in Census Bureau Surveys. SEHSD Working Paper Number 2012-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crissey, Sarah R.; Bauman, Kurt J.

    2012-01-01

    The Census Bureau has historically grouped high school diploma holders along with those who hold "high school equivalent" credentials. Among these is the credential earned through successfully passing the General Education Development (GED) test. Interest in identifying those with GEDs has recently increased, in part from debate within the…

  1. Frequently Asked Questions: Altered Plans for GED Test, 5th Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GED Testing Service, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a list of frequently asked questions about the 5th Edition GED (General Educational Development) Test. This paper answers the following questions: (1) With the announcement of altered plans for a 5th Edition GED Test release, will the current 2002 test series continue beyond January 1, 2012?; (2) What should I tell the public,…

  2. Taking the Easy Way Out: How the GED Testing Program Induces Students to Drop Out. NBER Working Paper No. 14044

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heckman, James J.; LaFontaine, Paul A.; Rodriguez, Pedro L.

    2008-01-01

    We exploit an exogenous increase in General Educational Development (GED) testing requirements to determine whether raising the difficulty of the test causes students to finish high school rather than drop out and GED certify. We find that a six point decrease in GED pass rates induces a 1.3 point decline in overall dropout rates. The effect size…

  3. Test Standards and Credentialing Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linn, Robert L.

    1986-01-01

    Three professional associations, the American Educational Research Association, the American Psychological Association, and the National Council on Measurement in Education, jointly adopted the new "Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing" in 1985. The relationship of these to earlier standards is reviewed, and implications for…

  4. The Writing Skills Workbook--In Preparation for the GED Test. Test I: The Writing Skills Test. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Marilyn; And Others

    Intended for students preparing for the General Educational Development (GED) test, this workbook enables them to complete lessons in writing and spelling skills and to take the simulated writing skills tests. The first section contains worksheets on basic writing skills, such as sentence structure, capitalization, and punctuation and the use of…

  5. Who Benefits from a GED? Evidence for Females from "High School and Beyond."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.

    2003-01-01

    Examines labor-market value of the General Educational Development (GED) credential for females. Finds that among females who dropped out of high school with weak basic math skills, those with a GED have accumulated more work experience and have higher labor-market earning in their mid-20s than have observationally similar dropouts lacking the GED

  6. Characteristics of GED Recipients in High School: 2002-06. Issue Brief. NCES 2012-025

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malkus, Nathaniel; Sen, Anindita

    2011-01-01

    The General Educational Development (GED) credential is often considered to be the equivalent of a high school diploma for students who do not graduate from high school. A GED credential can expand opportunities in the labor market (Song and Hsu 2008) and in postsecondary education for those who obtain it. Nearly all postsecondary institutions (98…

  7. Repatriating the GED: Urban Youth and the Alternative to a High School Diploma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Eve

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses competing perspectives on the value of the General Educational Development (GED) credential. Although scholars and journalists debate the worth of the credential, urban youth continue to pursue the GED, especially as proxy for inadequate schooling. Using qualitative data from a participatory action research project, the…

  8. Enhancing GED Instruction to Prepare Students for College and Careers: Early Success in LaGuardia Community College's Bridge to Health and Business Program. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Vanessa; Broadus, Joseph

    2013-01-01

    Nationwide, close to 40 million adults lack a high school diploma or a General Educational Development (GED) credential. About a quarter of high school freshmen do not graduate in four years, and while many high school dropouts eventually do attend GED preparation classes, too few ever pass the GED exam or go on to college. Students with only a…

  9. From GED to College Degree: Creating Pathways to Postsecondary Success for High School Dropouts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garvey, John

    2011-01-01

    For many years, the General Educational Development (GED) credential has been viewed as the high school dropout's safety net. Though not as well regarded as the high school diploma, the GED has opened up educational and economic opportunity for millions of young people and adults who did not finish high school. Nearly 680,000 people take the full…

  10. GED, HiSET and TASC: A Comparison of High School Equivalency Assessments. ECS Education Trends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zinth, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Until January 2014, the General Educational Development (GED) was the only option for youth and adults lacking a high school diploma, but needing a high school credential to pursue employment opportunities or postsecondary education. However, in January 2014, some states began administering one or both alternatives to the GED--the Educational…

  11. The GED Exit Option Model. Procedure Manual. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Bureau of Instructional Support and Community Services.

    The purpose of this document is to assist Florida school districts in implementing the General Educational Development (GED) Exit Option Model for students at risk of not completing high school. Students must be at least 16 years of age and currently enrolled in high school to take the GED tests through the GED Exit Option Model. In addition, the…

  12. Inspired Start: Experiences of Adult Students Confronting the Ged Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKay, Pilar Erin

    2013-01-01

    Options are limited to gaining a high school equivalency for dropouts. The General Education Development (GED) exam provides people who have left school one way of gaining their secondary school credential. Employing the use of in-depth interviews, auto-ethnography, and participant observation, this study reports the descriptive findings of twelve…

  13. Mathematics: Whole Numbers, Decimals, Fractions, and Percents. GED Scoreboost.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoyt, Cathy

    GED "Scoreboost" materials target exactly the skills one needs to pass the General Educational Development (GED) tests. This book focuses on the Mathematics test, with material to help develop the skills needed for whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and percents. The workbook presents 16 strategies for skill development: (1) use a problem-solving…

  14. GED Profiles: Adults in Transition. Nos. 3-7. June 1991-September 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, Janet; Spille, Henry; Hayes, Elisabeth; Kroll, Bonnie

    This packet contains five issues of "GED Profiles" that examine various aspects of the characteristics and motivation of adults who take the General Educational Development (GED) tests and the effects of completion. These topics are explored: "GED Candidates in the Workforce: Employed and Employable" (Janet Baldwin, Henry Spille); "Why Did They…

  15. Calculators in the ABE/GED Classroom: Gift or Curse?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manly, Myrna

    1998-01-01

    The issue of calculator use in the Adult Basic Education/General Education Delivery (GED) classroom has arisen because of a recommendation that calculators be permitted on the mathematics part of the GED test. Teachers and supervisors are challenged to make calculator use enhance mathematics education. (JOW)

  16. Educational and Labor Market Performance of GED Recipients. Research Synthesis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boesel, David; Alsalam, Nabeel; Smith, Thomas M.

    In 1995, nearly three-quarters of a million high school dropouts, age 16 and above, took the General Educational Development (GED) tests in pursuit of alternative secondary certification. The GED performs the following functions: stimulate human capital investment; measure and assess cognitive skills; certify dropouts with specified skill and…

  17. Predicting Transition to Postsecondary Programs of GED® Earners in a College Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medina, Isabel

    2014-01-01

    This applied dissertation was designed to identify the characteristics of students enrolled in a GED® preparation program who transitioned to postsecondary programs at the same institution after passing the GED® test. The characteristics studied included age; gender; ethnicity; prematriculation scores in reading, language, and math in the Test of…

  18. Math as a Proxy for Post-Secondary Persistence among GEDs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bouchard, John G.

    2013-01-01

    This is a study of the statistical difference in post-secondary attendance between high school graduates and 16-to 18-year-old GED recipients controlling for parental socioeconomic status, 10th grade test scores in math, and the number of high school math classes taken. Although GEDs can be the cognitive equivalents of high school graduates, they…

  19. Beyond the GED: Making Conscious Choices about the GED and Your Future. Lesson Plans and Materials for the GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fass, Sara; Garner, Barbara; Barry, Eileen

    2006-01-01

    Newly revised to include new data and information on the Internet, this guide for GED instructors offers lesson plans and helps teachers develop as professionals. It also gives adult learners an opportunity to practice writing, use graphs, read charts, and analyze research findings on the economic impact of the GED. The original version of this…

  20. GED Revision Opens Path to Higher Ed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gewertz, Catherine

    2011-01-01

    The General Educational Development program, or GED, is undergoing the biggest revamping in its 69-year history, driven by mounting recognition that young adults' future success depends on getting more than a high-school-level education. Potent forces have converged to stoke the GED's redesign. A labor market that increasingly seeks some…

  1. Science in the General Educational Development (GED) curriculum: Analyzing the science portion of GED programs and exploring adult students' attitudes toward science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hariharan, Joya Reena

    The General Educational Development (GED) tests enable people to earn a high school equivalency diploma and help them to qualify for more jobs and opportunities. Apart from this main goal, GED courses aim at enabling adults to improve the condition of their lives and to cope with a changing society. In today's world, science and technology play an exceedingly important role in helping people better their lives and in promoting the national goals of informed citizenship. Despite the current efforts in the field of secondary science education directed towards scientific literacy and the concept of "Science for all Americans", the literature does not reflect any corresponding efforts in the field of adult education. Science education research appears to have neglected a population that could possibly benefit from it. The purpose of this study is to explore: the science component of GED programs, significant features of the science portion of GED curricula and GED science materials, and adult learners' attitudes toward various aspects of science. Data collection methods included interviews with GED students and instructors, content analysis of relevant materials, and classroom observations. Data indicate that the students in general feel that the science they learn should be relevant to their lives and have direct applications in everyday life. Student understanding of science and interest in it appears to be contingent to their perceiving it as relevant to their lives and to society. Findings indicate that the instructional approaches used in GED programs influence students' perceptions about the relevance of science. Students in sites that use strategies such as group discussions and field trips appear to be more aware of science in the world around them and more enthusiastic about increasing this awareness. However, the dominant strategy in most GED programs is individual reading. The educational strategies used in GED programs generally focus on developing reading skills rather than the internalization of knowledge or influencing attitudes. An interesting finding is that GED science materials do attend to the relevance of science in everyday life but students' appreciation of this depends on the strategies employed.

  2. Comparison of College Performance of General Educational Development (GED) and High School Diploma Students in Nova Scotia and PEI. Now and Tomorrow Excellence in Everything We Do. SP-978-01-11E

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penner, Audrey J.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify differences in performance if any, between learners with a high school diploma, and those with a GED credential, at two postsecondary institutions, Holland College on Prince Edward Island (PEI) and Nova Scotia Community College in Nova Scotia (NS). Of interest is how these adults perform in a postsecondary…

  3. Competence without Credentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stacey, Nevzer G., Ed.

    These workshop papers address the challenges of alternative credentials, new modes of instruction, and multiple sources of instruction. Following an introduction by Nevzer G. Stacey, "Competence without Credentials: Promise and Potential Problems of Computer-Based Distance Education" (Stephen R. Barley) provides a conceptual framework for the…

  4. The Lived Experiences of GED (RTM) Students: What Do Their Experiences Tell Us?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snider, Susan Lynn

    2010-01-01

    The General Educational Development (GED[R]) Tests, established in 1945, helped determine soldiers' high school qualifications for the workforce, as they returned home from WWII. Because many soldiers dropped out of school to join the military, achieving a certain score on the test was a way for them to demonstrate that they had attained high…

  5. An Analysis of Correctional Education GED Essays.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monahan, Michael P.; Schumacker, Randall E.

    Three judges rated General Educational Development (GED) student essays that had been written by nine incarcerated youths. If judge's ratings were not consistent, students would receive a biased average rating. Traditional classical measurement theory computes an intraclass reliability coefficient to determine if judges' ratings are reliable. In…

  6. G.E.D. in 3 Voices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, C. Amelia

    2012-01-01

    In this piece, the author experiments with re-presenting particular stories through poetic texts that contextualize and honor difference in experience between GED students and instructors. These poetic re-presentations stem from an ongoing study that explores (a) adult basic education instructors' perceptions of their pedagogy and interaction with…

  7. Distance Learning for GED[R] Students in Rural Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gungor, Ramazan; Kassab, Cathy

    2012-01-01

    Although many adult basic education programs offer distance learning (DL) for GED (General Educational Development) and English as a Second Language learners, this topic has received little scholarly attention. This article examines the availability, usage, and effectiveness of DL for rural GED candidates in Pennsylvania; students' demographic and…

  8. Second Chances. The Value of Adult Education and the GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Mike

    2013-01-01

    This is an excerpt from "Back to School: Why Everyone Deserves a Second Chance at Education" (The New Press, 2012). It concludes that GED programs need more resources, not less. The programs tend to be populated by low-to-modest income people who failed school the first time around and now are considered less worthy of investment. GED

  9. Desire: A Key Factor for Successful Online GED Adult Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Donita; Tham, Yuen San Sarah; Hogle, Julie; Koch, Jody

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the experiences of 12 adult online General Educational Development (GED) students to determine the role of program and personal factors that influenced their successful passing of the GED or their dropping-out of the program. Through surveys and interviews, we discovered that desire was the key factor for…

  10. Emotional Maturity of Adolescents and Adults in GED Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riffle, Billy Joe

    2010-01-01

    When discussing issues relating to students in General Educational Development (GED) Option and pre-GED programs with educators, the contention exists that it is possible to make reasonably accurate predictions on the success or failure of a student by observing a number of items. Looking at their cumulative records shows their academic and…

  11. G.E.D. Graduate Study. We're Making Tomorrow: Adult Basic Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moraine Valley Community College., Palos Hills, IL. Office of Institutional Research.

    In spring 1982, Moraine Valley Community College (MVCC) surveyed recent General Educational Development (GED) graduates to determine their demographic characteristics, opinions about MVCC's GED program, and the impact of receiving the GED on graduates' lives. Survey instruments were mailed to 321 graduates who had received their GED within the…

  12. Randomizable Proofs and Delegatable Anonymous Credentials

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Randomizable Proofs and Delegatable Anonymous Credentials Mira Belenkiy, Microsoft Research@cs.ucsd.edu September 16, 2009 Abstract We construct an efficient delegatable anonymous credentials system. Users can anonymously and unlinkably obtain credentials from any authority, delegate their credentials to other users

  13. Credentialing for carotid artery stenting.

    PubMed

    Schneider, Darren B; Rapp, Joseph H

    2005-06-01

    Endovascular treatment of cervical carotid artery stenosis is a rapidly expanding area of clinical competence, and physicians from various subspecialties are already performing carotid artery stenting. As a result of the diverse specialty backgrounds of physicians performing carotid artery stenting, consensus regarding the establishment of credentialing standards remains elusive. In the following manuscript we review the physician credentialing process, published data, and national society position statements applicable to carotid artery stenting. PMID:16110377

  14. PATHWAYS: An Adult Pre-GED Writing Skills Workbook. Level I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovett, Ollie M.

    Written to prepare the American Indian student entering a General Educational Development (GED) program, the Pre-GED Level I writing skills student workbook of the PATHWAYS Curriculum provides lessons that will teach skills needed to pass the reading and writing sections of the GED examination, along with writing skills for seeking employment. The…

  15. Essay Development and Organization for the GED Examination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tubman, Alan

    Developed as a teaching aid for a General Educational Development (GED) preparation class, this essay writing guide gives students the tools they need to develop and organize ideas for writing an essay with confidence. By following a sequential procedure in this very structured approach, students learn to turn out a well-organized essay. The…

  16. The Need for National Credentialing Standards for Addiction Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Geri; Scarborough, Jim; Clark, Catherine; Leonard, Justin C.; Keziah, Tyler B.

    2010-01-01

    The authors review the current state of credentialing for addiction counselors in the United States and provide recommendations to the addiction counseling field regarding national standards for credentialing.

  17. Personal identification credential system (PICS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pressley, Jackson R.; Cantrell, Thomas; Page, Lochlin; Cudlitz, Stephen; Higgins, Roy

    2005-03-01

    A pilot Personal Identification Credential System (PICS) has been developed and fielded. The PICS is a wireless biometric credential that interfaces with access control systems. The PICS consists of individual handheld Personal Identification Credentials (PIC), a PICS Reader located at a facility entry control point that interfaces with the facility entry control system, and a PICS Enrollment Station. In operation, an individual approaching a facility entry point in a vehicle picks up the PIC handheld unit and places a finger on its sensor. The PIC then authenticates the user and from within the vehicle initiates two-way, secure RF communication with the PICS Reader as the vehicle approaches the gate. The PICS Reader then verifies that the individual is authorized for admittance and notifies the facility gate entry control system, which informs the sentry that the request for access was successful or unsuccessful. If the request for access is unsuccessful, the gate entry control system automatically will close the gate. This sequence of events takes place while the car is moving through a normally open entry lane. The PIC is a small, handheld device which contains the biometric sensor (fingerprint sensor), wireless RF transceiver, processor, encryption and battery. The PIC may be used while traveling in a vehicle or may be used while on foot for access to a PICS controlled man gate or secure area access portal. The PIC is small enough to be carried in a shirt pocket, or it can be left in the user's vehicle. The PIC battery will power the PIC for months and is rechargeable. Up to 10 fingers may be stored in the PIC.

  18. Measuring Credential Candidates' Impact on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagans, Kristi S.; Powers, Kristin

    2015-01-01

    The Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) requires faculty from educator preparation programs to provide evidence of credential candidates' impact on K-12 student learning. However, there is a paucity of information on preparation programs' use of direct assessments of student learning to gauge credential candidate…

  19. Credentials Management for High-Value Transactions

    E-print Network

    Chin, Shiu-Kai

    of hundreds of millions of dollars. The inher- ent risk associated with wholesale online banking compels many to simultaneously hold accounts in multiple banks, the insistence upon and proliferation of unique credentials of interoperability is the need to allow audits. For example, say Second Bank is contemplating recognizing credentials

  20. CTE's Role in Workforce Readiness Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyslop, Alisha

    2008-01-01

    The career and technical education (CTE) programs play critical roles in the growth of workforce readiness credentials. This article presents an ACTE issue brief that highlighting the need for workforce readiness credentials, and the role CTE plays in helping students acquire them. CTE is at the forefront of preparing students at all levels for…

  1. Credentialing complementary and alternative medical providers.

    PubMed

    Eisenberg, David M; Cohen, Michael H; Hrbek, Andrea; Grayzel, Jonathan; Van Rompay, Maria I; Cooper, Richard A

    2002-12-17

    Since the late 19th century, state legislatures and professional medical organizations have developed mechanisms to license physicians and other conventional nonphysician providers, establish standards of practice, and protect health care consumers by establishing standardized credentials as markers of competence. The popularity of complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies presents new challenges. This article describes the current status of, and central issues in, efforts to create models for health care credentialing of chiropractors, acupuncturists, naturopaths, massage therapists, and other CAM practitioners. It also suggests a strategy of CAM provider credentialing for use by physicians, health care administrators, insurance companies, and national professional organizations. The credentialing debate reflects fundamental questions about who determines which providers and therapies will be accepted as safe, effective, appropriate, and reimbursable. More nationally uniform credentialing mechanisms are necessary to ensure high standards of care and more generalizable clinical research. However, the result of more uniform licensure and credentialing may be excessive standardization and a decrease in individualization of services. Thus, increased standardization of credentialing for CAM practitioners may alter CAM practice substantially. Furthermore, even credentialed providers can deliver ineffective therapy. The suggested framework balances the desire to protect the public from dangerous practices against the wish to grant patients access to reasonably safe and effective therapies. PMID:12484712

  2. Algebraic MACs and Keyed-Verification Anonymous Credentials Melissa Chase

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Algebraic MACs and Keyed-Verification Anonymous Credentials Melissa Chase Microsoft Research of constructing anonymous credentials for use in a setting where the issuer of credentials is also the verifier of anonymous credentials: U-Prove and Idemix. We show that the performance of the new schemes is competitive

  3. Verifying Anonymous Credential Systems in Applied Pi Calculus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xiangxi; Zhang, Yu; Deng, Yuxin

    Anonymous credentials are widely used to certify properties of a credential owner or to support the owner to demand valuable services, while hiding the user's identity at the same time. A credential system (a.k.a. pseudonym system) usually consists of multiple interactive procedures between users and organizations, including generating pseudonyms, issuing credentials and verifying credentials, which are required to meet various security properties. We propose a general symbolic model (based on the applied pi calculus) for anonymous credential systems and give formal definitions of a few important security properties, including pseudonym and credential unforgeability, credential safety, pseudonym untraceability. We specialize the general formalization and apply it to the verification of a concrete anonymous credential system proposed by Camenisch and Lysyanskaya. The analysis is done automatically with the tool ProVerif and several security properties have been verified.

  4. 32 CFR 767.6 - Credentials of principal investigator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Credentials of principal investigator. 767.6 Section 767.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued...OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY Permit Guidelines § 767.6 Credentials of principal investigator. A...

  5. 32 CFR 767.6 - Credentials of principal investigator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Credentials of principal investigator. 767.6 Section 767.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued...OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY Permit Guidelines § 767.6 Credentials of principal investigator. A...

  6. 32 CFR 767.6 - Credentials of principal investigator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Credentials of principal investigator. 767.6 Section 767.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued...OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY Permit Guidelines § 767.6 Credentials of principal investigator. A...

  7. 32 CFR 767.6 - Credentials of principal investigator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Credentials of principal investigator. 767.6 Section 767.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued...OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY Permit Guidelines § 767.6 Credentials of principal investigator. A...

  8. 32 CFR 767.6 - Credentials of principal investigator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Credentials of principal investigator. 767.6 Section 767.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued...OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY Permit Guidelines § 767.6 Credentials of principal investigator. A...

  9. Biometric-Based Non-transferable Anonymous Credentials

    E-print Network

    Blanton, Marina

    Biometric-Based Non-transferable Anonymous Credentials Marina Blanton1 and William M.P. Hudelson2 1 of using biometric data to achieve non-transferability of anonymous credentials; that is, sharing requires possession of the credential owner's biometric. We target to provide strong security guarantees

  10. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Provider selection and credentialing. 422.204... Provider selection and credentialing. (a) General rule. An MA organization must have written policies and procedures for the selection and evaluation of providers. These policies must conform with the credential...

  11. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Provider selection and credentialing. 422.204... Provider selection and credentialing. (a) General rule. An MA organization must have written policies and procedures for the selection and evaluation of providers. These policies must conform with the credential...

  12. Setting Course: The Case for the Credentialing of Forensic Interviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haney, Mike; Vieth, Victor I.; Campos, Hector M.

    2010-01-01

    The article provides a history of efforts to develop a credentialing or certification process for forensic interviewers and reviews the multitiered credentialing process offered by the National Association of Certified Child Forensic Interviewers. The authors argue the benefits of a credentialing process for forensic interviewers and respond to…

  13. State of the research on credentialing: the Institute of Medicine Standing Committee on Credentialing Research in Nursing.

    PubMed

    Lundmark, Vicki; Ingram, Linda

    2015-06-01

    This column is presented to report an update on the status of research on credentialing in nursing by the director of the Institute for Credentialing Research at the American Nurses Credentialing Center. The author presents an overview of the 5 meetings held to explore this topic and recommendations for further study. PMID:26010275

  14. Using electronic provider credentialing to address the quality revolution.

    PubMed

    Shroyer, S

    1996-01-01

    In recent years, provider credentialing has emerged as a quality initi ative for managed care organizations (MCOs). To satisfy the quality concerns of insurers, purchasers and patients, network officials are seeking industry accreditation, which requires credentialing. But while many organizations are conducting credentialing, it can be an underutilized and misunderstood resource. Credentialing is not an end in itself; it is the first step in building a quality management system. Used in this context, credentialing confers enormous advantages that go far beyond basic background checks. PMID:10154553

  15. Privileging and credentialing for interventional cardiology procedures.

    PubMed

    Blankenship, James C; Rosenfield, Kenneth; Jennings, Henry S

    2015-10-01

    Local institutional-specific credentialing and privileging for procedures is an important process for ensuring the quality of care provided by interventional cardiologists. Recently revised standards for coronary intervention and the blossoming of structural heart disease programs have generated controversy over these processes. How standards are set for credentialing and privileging is poorly understood by most interventional cardiologists, including those responsible for credentialing and privileging. Requirements from The Joint Commission dictate how credentialing and privileging is performed at hospitals they accredit. Physicians must be recredentialed every 2 years at each hospital, with privileges renewed at that time. Hospitals must review quality of physicians even more frequently using Ongoing Professional Practice Evaluations. Hospitals must also evaluate the performance of physicians when they join a hospital staff or when they begin performing new procedures using Focused Professional Practice Evaluations. Cardiology department directors and catheterization laboratory directors are responsible for recredentialing and reprivileging members of their departments. Individual physicians are responsible for cooperating with these processes, and for periodic recertification with specialty boards and governmental agencies. We provide specific guidance to help physicians navigate these processes. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25534235

  16. Forecasting Demand for California Credentialed Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doti, James L.; Cardinal, Donald N.

    2005-01-01

    Developing enough quality credentialed teachers to meet the needs of America's children is the paramount goal of teacher education programs and school districts across the country and, since 2001, required by the federal mandate, No Child Left Behind (U.S. Department of Education, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2002). However,…

  17. Perceptions of Online Credentials for School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott; Dikkers, Amy Garrett

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the perceptions of human resource directors in the USA about online credentials earned by K-12 school principals and principal candidates. Design/methodology/approach: In this mixed methods study, a survey was sent to a random sample of 500 human resource directors in K-12 school districts…

  18. Epistemological Beliefs of Teacher Credential Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, William L.; Busk, Patricia L.; Comerford, Sandra S.

    The epistemological beliefs of teacher-credential students were studied to determine if their beliefs change in sophistication after a semester of training. Also studied was the extent of the relationship between academic and home background variables and epistemological beliefs. A convenience sample of 52 white females in their fifth year of…

  19. Establishing a Real-World Credential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pluviose, David

    2007-01-01

    This article features Community College of the Air Force (CCAF) as the world's largest two-year higher education institution that will be celebrating the awarding of its 300,000th associate degree this fall. Headquartered at Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama, CCAF was founded in 1972 as a means of establishing a real-world credential for training…

  20. An Appraisal of an Offender Population on the General Educational Development Test as Predicted by the General Educational Development Practice Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agba, Cyprian Peter; Klosowski, Steven M.; Miller, Gary R.

    2002-01-01

    Data from 2,068 Indiana inmates who took the General Educational Development (GED) practice and final tests between 1988-2000 were analyzed. All six practice tests correlated with performance on the GED test. Most accurate were the FF battery (for writing skills), CC (for social studies), BB (for science), EE (for interpreting literature and…

  1. Credentialing for participation in clinical trials

    PubMed Central

    Followill, David S.; Urie, Marcia; Galvin, James M.; Ulin, Kenneth; Xiao, Ying; FitzGerald, Thomas J.

    2012-01-01

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) clinical cooperative groups have been instrumental over the past 50 years in developing clinical trials and evidence-based clinical trial processes for improvements in patient care. The cooperative groups are undergoing a transformation process to launch, conduct, and publish clinical trials more rapidly. Institutional participation in clinical trials can be made more efficient and include the expansion of relationships with international partners. This paper reviews the current processes that are in use in radiation therapy trials and the importance of maintaining effective credentialing strategies to assure the quality of the outcomes of clinical trials. The paper offers strategies to streamline and harmonize credentialing tools and processes moving forward as the NCI undergoes transformative change in the conduct of clinical trials. PMID:23272300

  2. Ged® Completers' Perceptions of College Readiness and Social Capital: Linking Adult Literacy to a Greater Quality of Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lott, Donalyn; O'Dell, Jade

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the efficacy of general education development (GED®) acquisition and GED® completers' perceptions of college readiness and social capital using a quantitative methodology. Also, the study used a descriptive, cross-sectional research design framed by the social capital theoretical perspective. The conceptual framework developed…

  3. START! The Successful Transitions and Retention Track Program: A Comprehensive Approach to Supporting GED Holders Entering College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nix, J. Vincent; Michalak, Megan B.

    2012-01-01

    Students entering college face many obstacles to success. Students who received a General Education Development (GED) face additional barriers that must be addressed in order for success in higher education. The Successful Transitions and Retention Track Program employs a holistic approach to addressing the needs of GED holders entering college.

  4. 46 CFR 10.235 - Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...credential or endorsement has been revoked or suspended without probation may not be issued a replacement credential or endorsement...endorsement that is about to expire has been suspended, without probation, the renewal of the credential or endorsement will be...

  5. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  6. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  7. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  8. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  9. 46 CFR 169.805 - Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. 169.805 Section 169.805 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Operations § 169.805 Exhibition of merchant mariner credentials. Officers on any...

  10. Defining Credentials for the Public Workforce System. ACT Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2011

    2011-01-01

    This paper outlines how the National Career Readiness Certificate (NCRC) meets the definition of "credential" as defined by the US Department of Labor Employment (US DOL) and Training Administration's Training and Employment Guidance Letter (TEGL) 15-10. The NCRC fits the US DOL definition of a credential both (a) in the context of workforce…

  11. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Provider selection and credentialing. 422.204... § 422.204 Provider selection and credentialing. (a) General rule. An MA organization must have written policies and procedures for the selection and evaluation of providers. These policies must conform with...

  12. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Provider selection and credentialing. 422.204... § 422.204 Provider selection and credentialing. (a) General rule. An MA organization must have written policies and procedures for the selection and evaluation of providers. These policies must conform with...

  13. Legal Trends Affecting the Validity of Credentialing Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Thomas L.

    1986-01-01

    Credentialing examinations have been relatively immune from legal attack based on allegations that the examinations lack validity. The extent of the present legal obligation to demonstrate the validity of credentialing examinations is analyzed in three areas: (1) the Civil Rights Act of 1964; (2) the Constitution; and (3) antitrust laws.…

  14. Educational Credentialing of an Aging Workforce: Uneasy Conclusions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the educational attainment of an aging workforce from the perspective of educational credentialing. The research questions are defined as follows: Why are workers over age 50 attaining university degrees? How do they narratively construct the rational for pursuing well-recognized credentials in midlife? The specific focus…

  15. Composable & Modular Anonymous Credentials: Definitions and Practical Constructions

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Composable & Modular Anonymous Credentials: Definitions and Practical Constructions Jan Camenisch1. Anonymous cre- dential schemes are no exception. For instance, existing schemes suited for real-world use the first efficient UC-secure anonymous credential system that supports multiple issuers, selective

  16. Classrooms of Spatial Justice: Counter-Spaces and Young Men of Color in a GED Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Joni

    2014-01-01

    This article, based on an ethnographic study of an urban General Education Development (GED) program, suggests that for some marginalized young men of color, Adult education programs are counter-spaces of spatial justice in opposition to previous negative school spaces. Framed by critical race theory (CRT) and drawing on critical geography and…

  17. Feasibility of Extension of Selected GED Services to USAR and ARNG. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Henry J.; And Others

    This report addresses the extension of selected educational benefits to the Army Reserve (USAR) and Army National Guard (ARNG). The current Army General Education Development (GED) program is described, and a literature review of the effects of education upon military performance is included. A concept of extending tuition assistance to the…

  18. Privacy-Enhancing Proxy Signatures from Non-Interactive Anonymous Credentials

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Privacy-Enhancing Proxy Signatures from Non-Interactive Anonymous Credentials David Derler bears similarities with functionality provided by anonymous credentials. Inspired by this observation-interactive anonymous credentials, i.e., anony- mous credentials with a non-interactive showing protocol, and show

  19. SU-E-P-02: Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core (IROC) Houston QA Center (RPC) Credentialing

    SciTech Connect

    Amador, C; Keith, T; Nguyen, T; Molineu, A; Followill, D

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To provide information pertaining to IROC Houston QA Center's (RPC) credentialing process for institutions participating in NCI-sponsored clinical trials. Methods: IROC Houston issues credentials for NCI sponsored study groups. Requirements for credentialing might include any combination of questionnaires, knowledge assessment forms, benchmarks, or phantom irradiations. Credentialing requirements for specific protocols can be found on IROC Houston's website (irochouston.mdanderson.org). The website also houses the credentialing status inquiry (CSI) form. Once an institution has reviewed the protocol's credentialing requirements, a CSI form should be completed and submitted to IROC Houston. This form is used both to request whether requirements have been met as well as to notify IROC Houston that the institution requests credentialing for a specific protocol. IROC Houston will contact the institution to discuss any delinquent requirements. Once the institution has met all requirements IROC Houston issues a credentialing letter to the institution and will inform study groups and other IROC offices of the credentials. Institutions can all phone the IROC Houston office to initiate credentialing or ask any credentialing related questions. Results: Since 2010 IROC has received 1313 credentialing status inquiry forms. We received 317 in 2010, 266 in 2011, 324 in 2012, and 406 in 2013. On average we receive 35 phone calls per week with multiple types of credentialing questions. Decisions regarding credentialing status are based on the protocol specifications and previous completed credentialing by the institution. In some cases, such as for general IMRT credentialing, up to 5 sites may be credentialed based on the credentialing of one main center. Each of these situations is handled individually. Conclusion: IROC Houston will issue radiation therapy credentials for the NCI trials in the National Clinical Trials Network. Credentialing requirements and the CSI form can be found online at the IROC Houston's website. Work supported by PHS grant CA10953 and CA081647 (NCI, DHHS)

  20. Leveraging Commercially Issued Multi-Factor Identification Credentials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baldridge, Tim W.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Identity, Credential and Access Management (ICAM) system. This system is a complete system of identity management, access to desktops and applications, use of smartcards, and building access throughout NASA.

  1. Credentialing Kepler: Transits in the Seventeenth Century

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gingerich, O.

    2005-08-01

    Kepler's successful prediction of the 1631 transit of Mercury spurred an interest in his decidedly user-unfriendly Rudolfine Tables. Because his Ephemerides went only to 1636, he did not draw attention to the 1639 transit of Venus, although the tables actually predicted the phenomenon, and the observation by Horrocks again proved the superiority of Kepler's work. By mid-century alternative user-friendly versions of the Rudolfine Tables were published by V. Renieri in Italy, J.B. Morin in France, Maria Cunitia in Germany, and (in a more modified form) by J. Shakerley in England. Transits of Mercury were observed in 1651 (by Shakerley in Surat, India), 1661, 1667, 1690, and 1697, giving astronomers opportunities to compare the predictions from these tables as well as those of Lansbergen (which were a variant of the Copernican Prutenic Tables). Because of the subsequent interest in transits for determining the length of the astronomical unit, the 18th-century French astronomer J-N. Delisle compiled for these early transits extensive systematic records, which are now preserved at the Paris Observatory. By his day, however, the as-yet-unpublished tables of Edmond Halley gave the most successful predictions, and Delisle showed little interest in further credentialing the Rudolfine Tables, a process that had already taken place in the previous century.

  2. Why do anthropogenic global warming skeptics have poorer scientific credentials than their opponents?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rogers, N. L.

    2010-12-01

    A paper published in PNAS (1) analyzed the scientific credentials of two groups of activist scientists. The unconvinced by the evidence group included ~500 scientists and technologists who signed various public documents protesting against various aspects of programs to prevent or mitigate anthropogenic global warming. The convinced by the evidence group (~1200 persons) signed public appeals to implement programs to prevent or mitigate AGW. Scientific credentials were measured by publications and citations. The unspoken message of the paper is that we should have confidence in the canonical program of climate change as outlined by, for example, the IPCC, because those who support the program have better scientific credentials than those that don’t. One of the authors of the paper, James Prall, made available on his website lists of several thousand persons, mostly scientists and technologists, who are in one group or the other. The lists include considerable detail, such as publications, citations and education that relates to scientific qualifications. Using Prall’s lists and relevant anecdotal statements by prominent advocates on both sides of the issue I suggest an alternate reason for the disparity in scientific credentials. The PNAS paper in testing scientific credentials counted the number of publications and citations in the area of climate science. There is a certain circularity in using such a test because persons who are professionally employed as climate scientists will naturally have many publications and citations - that is their professional goal. Professional employment in climate science implies adherence to group standards and to some extent beliefs. To give an analogy, if you are a professional freudian psychoanalyst you can’t say that Freud is a crackpot and retain your professional standing. I’m not saying that climate scientists are crackpots, but that there is surely some sort of shared belief and value system whether or not it is formerly acknowledged. There are lines that one must not cross. The relevant question is, are well qualified and professionally employed climate scientists not skeptics because their superior knowledge gives them insight to the science or are they not skeptics because that is a line they cannot cross? A remarkable disparity in Prall’s lists gives a clue to the answer. Early career scientists are highly dependent on group approval. They are canaries in the coal mine if you like. Looking at the early career scientists on both sides of the issue in Prall’s lists casts light on the answer to the relevant question posed above. (1) Expert credibility in climate change William R. L. Anderegg, James W. Prall, Jacob Harold, and Stephen H. Schneider. PNAS Early Edition April 2010

  3. Page 1 of 4 Please upload the completed form to your GED folder. Be sure to keep a copy of the completed form for your personal file.

    E-print Network

    Connelly, Kay

    : _______________________________________________________________________________ Save and upload this file as a PDF in your GED folder: LastName.FirstName.Annual.2012 (e.g., Gates.Bill of activities and outcomes as a PDF in your GED folder: LastName.FirstName.RotationSummary.2012 (e.g., Gates.Bill

  4. 21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...authority must issue the authentication credential using two channels...the factors used in the authentication protocol is a biometric, or if the practitioner...generate or activate the authentication credential using two...

  5. 21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...authority must issue the authentication credential using two channels...the factors used in the authentication protocol is a biometric, or if the practitioner...generate or activate the authentication credential using two...

  6. 21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...authority must issue the authentication credential using two channels...the factors used in the authentication protocol is a biometric, or if the practitioner...generate or activate the authentication credential using two...

  7. 21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...authority must issue the authentication credential using two channels...the factors used in the authentication protocol is a biometric, or if the practitioner...generate or activate the authentication credential using two...

  8. 21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...authority must issue the authentication credential using two channels...the factors used in the authentication protocol is a biometric, or if the practitioner...generate or activate the authentication credential using two...

  9. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission...548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials:...

  10. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission...548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials:...

  11. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission...548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials:...

  12. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission...548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials:...

  13. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission...548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials:...

  14. The GED4GEM project: development of a Global Exposure Database for the Global Earthquake Model initiative

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gamba, P.; Cavalca, D.; Jaiswal, K.S.; Huyck, C.; Crowley, H.

    2012-01-01

    In order to quantify earthquake risk of any selected region or a country of the world within the Global Earthquake Model (GEM) framework (www.globalquakemodel.org/), a systematic compilation of building inventory and population exposure is indispensable. Through the consortium of leading institutions and by engaging the domain-experts from multiple countries, the GED4GEM project has been working towards the development of a first comprehensive publicly available Global Exposure Database (GED). This geospatial exposure database will eventually facilitate global earthquake risk and loss estimation through GEM’s OpenQuake platform. This paper provides an overview of the GED concepts, aims, datasets, and inference methodology, as well as the current implementation scheme, status and way forward.

  15. Credentials in Context: The Meaning and Use of Associate Degrees in the Employment of IT Technicians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Noy, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Educational credentials are clearly linked to economic success, but the reasons for this link are not clear. Common theoretical approaches provide explanations but lack direct employer perspectives on credentials' meaning and the context in which employers make sense of credentials. In this study, I used an alternative perspective based in Meyer's…

  16. An Ecient System for Non-transferable Anonymous Credentials with Optional Anonymity Revocation

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    An EÃ?cient System for Non-transferable Anonymous Credentials with Optional Anonymity Revocation #3 possession of these credentials. Such a system is anonymous when transactions carried out by the same user cannot be linked. An anonymous credential system is of signi#12;cant practical relevance because

  17. An Accumulator Based on Bilinear Maps and Efficient Revocation for Anonymous Credentials

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    An Accumulator Based on Bilinear Maps and Efficient Revocation for Anonymous Credentials Jan and each user holds a witness enabling her to prove the validity of her (anonymous) credential while retaining anonymity. Unfortunately, the users' witnesses must be updated at least each time a credential

  18. The GED and the Rise of Contextless Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutt, Ethan

    2014-01-01

    Background/Context:Policy discussions in the U.S. and abroad have become increasingly studded with reference to the results of international tests like PISA. Unlike most assessments, PISA is not designed to measure whether students have mastered a particular school curriculum but rather provide a measure of students' ability to meet future…

  19. Combined Credential Programs: Pedagogic, Practical, and Ideological Concerns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Kathryn S.

    2011-01-01

    The number of teacher education programs combining general and special education teacher certification is growing. In spite of this increase, little has been known about how these programs impact preservice teachers' (PSTs) developing professional identities. This article uses a case study of one newly implemented combined credential program at a…

  20. Pedagogical Techniques of Improvisation Instructors without Academic Credentials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salonen, Richard Wayne

    2010-01-01

    The importance of music improvisation can be seen in its inclusion in the National Standards for Music Education and the accreditation standards for the National Association of Schools of Music. The purpose of this study was to examine the pedagogical techniques and materials of improvisation instructors who do not hold academic credentials. The…

  1. CRC Credential Attainment by State Vocational Rehabilitation Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harpster, Anna M.; Byers, Katherine L.; Harris, LaKeisha L.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines 137 state vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselors' perceptions of the value of having the Certified Rehabilitation Counselor (CRC) credential. While almost 53% of this sample included persons who were certified, the majority who were not indicated that the two major reasons for not currently having this designation were: (a)…

  2. The Global Career Development Facilitator Credential: An International Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furbish, Dale; Neault, Roberta A.; Pickerell, Deirdre

    2009-01-01

    The Global Career Development Facilitator (GCDF) credential was established to provide professional training and standards for individuals working in the career field. GCDF programs are now available in the United States and 10 other countries. The authors highlight the first international GCDF program in New Zealand, new online GCDF training in…

  3. From Apprenticeship to Higher Education: Navigating the Credential Landscape

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dismore, Harriet

    2014-01-01

    The credential landscape of vocational and higher education in the UK has expanded in recent years, alongside a rise in the number of students undertaking qualifications and a steady increase in tuition fees. The transition from an apprenticeship to higher education is one example of the progression from vocational to higher education. However,…

  4. Decentralized Anonymous Credentials Christina Garman, Matthew Green, Ian Miers

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    be trusted with this responsibility. In this work we propose a novel anonymous credential scheme in ad hoc networks and prevention of Sybil attacks. We implement our scheme and measure its efficiency Certificate Authorities, DNS maintainers, or login providers like Google and Facebook, play a large role

  5. A model for clinical credentialing of dental school faculty.

    PubMed

    Valenza, John A; George, Lloyd A; O'Neill, Paula N

    2005-08-01

    Committed to the premise that the same standards of review for clinical practice may be applied to clinical teaching, The University of Texas Health Science Center Dental Branch at Houston began credentialing clinical faculty in 1997 as part of its quality assurance and risk management program, one of the first dental schools in the country to do so. Credentialing, modeled after health care institutions such as hospitals, is general and procedure-specific involving the review of qualifications such as licensure, training, education, experience, and performance of professional practitioners; measuring those qualifications against pre-established criteria; and granting of "clinical privileges" to clinical faculty to perform or supervise procedures for which they are deemed qualified, based on that review. The development process included the leadership of the Quality Assurance and Risk Management Committee who met with all interested parties, explained the rationale and justification for credentialing, and successfully gained the support of the clinical department chairs, clinical faculty, faculty senate, and the administration of the school in implementing the credentials process. Evaluation of this process indicates that it has been useful in providing a mechanism to address a variety of patient care and clinical education issues such as faculty competency, compliance, and accommodations through a peer review process. PMID:16081569

  6. Laura Pittman: The Nation's First Credentialed Direct Support Professional

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Tom

    2007-01-01

    This article profiles Laura Pittman, the nation's first credentialed Direct Support Professional (DSP). Laura is a DSP at the Orange Grove Center (OGC) in Chattanooga, Tennessee and has been working there for almost ten years. She has been a DSP for seven of those years, and in that role, supported four women at one of the Orange Grove Center…

  7. 42 CFR 422.204 - Provider selection and credentialing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Provider selection and credentialing. 422.204 Section 422.204 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM (CONTINUED) MEDICARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Relationships With Providers § 422.204 Provider selection and...

  8. 49 CFR 1570.9 - Inspection of credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inspection of credential. 1570.9 Section 1570.9 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME AND LAND TRANSPORTATION SECURITY GENERAL RULES § 1570.9...

  9. 49 CFR 1570.9 - Inspection of credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Inspection of credential. 1570.9 Section 1570.9 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME AND LAND TRANSPORTATION SECURITY GENERAL RULES § 1570.9...

  10. 49 CFR 1570.9 - Inspection of credential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Inspection of credential. 1570.9 Section 1570.9 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME AND LAND TRANSPORTATION SECURITY GENERAL RULES § 1570.9...

  11. Degrees of Durability and the New World of Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiSalvio, Philip

    2013-01-01

    The erosion of the college credit monopoly, the devaluation of the degree and the rise of new forms of credentialing suggest a generation of students and higher education institutions somewhat different than the previous generation. Consider a higher learning environment where students create their own academic portfolios and shape their…

  12. Quality Assurance in Nigerian University Education and Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Omoregie, Norah

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines quality assurance in Nigerian University education and credentialing. The research contends that university education in Nigeria which hitherto enjoyed tremendous global respectability and acceptability is fast loosing its high esteem in the face of labour market and members of community because the currently certified Nigerian…

  13. GED Preparation via the Sundial Network. An Audio Teleconferencing System. Final Report. A 310/Special Demonstration Project 1984-1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rio Salado Community Coll., AZ.

    A project was conducted to deliver general educational development (GED) instruction through an audio teleconferencing system to adult students in Arizona. Using a previously existing audio teleconferencing system owned by Rio Salado Community College in Phoenix, Arizona, project staff developed a series of credit and noncredit teleconferencing…

  14. Nurses' Utilization and Perception of the Community/Public Health Nursing Credential

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Objectives. I explored the underutilization of the community/public health nursing (C/PHN) credential by examining the individual characteristics of public health nurses, the value these nurses perceive for certification, the barriers they perceive to obtaining or maintaining a C/PHN credential, and their credential status. Methods. I surveyed a national sample of 655 public health nurses regarding this more than 20-year-old credential. I analyzed variables related to perceived value, barriers, and characteristics of public health nurses. Results. The perceived value of credentialing did not differ among public health nurses relative to whether they had ever had a C/PHN credential. The C/PHN credential, however, was obtained significantly more often by public health nurses in academic settings than by those working in practice settings. Conclusions. The C/PHN credential appears to be disproportionately underutilized and unknown to public health nurses in the practice community. Findings suggest, however, that utilization could be improved by increasing the credential's visibility outside of academic environments and by establishing system-level changes that provide external recognition, such as salary increases and career advancement, for specialty credentials. PMID:19299666

  15. Building Toward a Small Wind Turbine Site Assessor Credential (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Sinclair, K.

    2013-09-01

    Proper site assessment is integral to the development of a successful small wind project. Without a small wind site assessor certification program, consumers, including state incentive program managers, lack a benchmark for differentiating between qualified and nonqualified site assessors. A small wind site assessor best practice manual is being developed as a resource for consumers until a credential program becomes available. This presentation describes the purpose, proposed content, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's approach to the development of such a manual.

  16. “When You Want Something So Bad, You Can Always Do It:” Mexican Women Journeying from the GED to Community College Graduate in a Southwestern State 

    E-print Network

    Russo, Renata Ferreira

    2014-07-09

    to complete a higher education degree in order to improve their lives. The purpose of this study was to examine the internal (personal) and external (institutional) factors that influence female Mexican GED graduates’ persistence in completing associate’s...

  17. SU-E-J-189: Credentialing of IGRT Equipment and Processes for Clinical Trials

    SciTech Connect

    Court, L; Aristophanous, M; Followill, D; Kirsner, S; Kisling, K; Pidikiti, R; Wong, P; Balter, P; Bellezza, D; Massingill, B; Papanikolaou, N; Parker, B; Zhen, H

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Current dosimetry phantoms used for clinical trial credentialing do not directly assess IGRT processes. This work evaluates a custom-built IGRT phantom for credentialing of multiple IGRT modalities and processes. Methods: An IGRT phantom was built out of a low-density body with two inserts. Insert A is used for the CT simulation. Insert B is used for the actual treatment. The inserts contain identical targets in different locations. Relative positions are unknown to the user. The user simulates the phantom (with insert A) as they would a patient, including marking the phantom. A treatment plan is created and sent to the treatment unit. The phantom (with insert B) is then positioned using local IGRT practice. Shifts (planned isocenter, if applicable, and final isocenter) are marked on the phantom using room lasers. The mechanical reproducibility of re-inserting the inserts within the phantom body was tested using repeat high-resolution CT scans. The phantom was tested at 7 centers, selected to include a wide variety of imaging equipment. Results: Mechanical reproducibility was measured as 0.5-0.9mm, depending on the direction. Approaches tested to mark (and transfer) simulation isocenter included lasers, fiducials and reflective markers. IGRT approaches included kV imaging (Varian Trilogy, Brainlab ExacTrac), kV CT (CT-on-rails), kV CBCT (Varian Trilogy, Varian Truebeam, Elekta Agility) and MV CT (Tomotherapy). Users were able to successfully use this phantom for all combinations of equipment and processes. IGRT-based shifts agreed with the truth within 0.8mm, 0.8mm and 1.9mm in the LR, AP, and SI directions, respectively. Conclusion: Based on these preliminary results, the IGRT phantom can be used for credentialing of clinical trials with an action level of 1mm in AP and LR directions, and 2mm in the SI direction, consistent with TG142. We are currently testing with additional institutions with different equipment and processes, including Cyberknife. This project was funded by the Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas.

  18. Intrapolypeptide Interactions between the GTPase Effector Domain (GED) and the GTPase Domain Form the Bundle Signaling Element in Dynamin Dimers

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Biochemical and structural studies of dynamin have shown that the C-terminus of the GTPase effector domain (GED) folds back and docks onto a platform created by the N- and C-terminal ?-helices of the GTPase domain to form a three-helix bundle. While cross-linking studies suggested that insect cell-expressed dynamin existed as a domain-swapped dimer, X-ray structures of protein expressed in Escherichia coli failed to detect evidence of this domain swap. Here, by cross-linking several cysteine pair replacements and analyzing cross-linked species by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization Mega time of flight, we conclude that dynamin is not domain-swapped and that GED–GTPase domain interactions occur in cis. PMID:25171143

  19. Purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction analysis of human dynamin-related protein 1 GTPase-GED fusion protein

    PubMed Central

    Klinglmayr, Eva; Wenger, Julia; Mayr, Sandra; Bossy-Wetzel, Ella; Puehringer, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    The mechano-enzyme dynamin-related protein 1 plays an important role in mitochondrial fission and is implicated in cell physiology. Dysregulation of Drp1 is associated with abnormal mitochondrial dynamics and neuronal damage. Drp1 shares structural and functional similarities with dynamin 1 with respect to domain organization, ability to self-assemble into spiral-like oligomers and GTP-cycle-dependent membrane scission. Structural studies of human dynamin-1 have greatly improved the understanding of this prototypical member of the dynamin superfamily. However, high-resolution structural information for full-length human Drp1 covering the GTPase domain, the middle domain and the GTPase effector domain (GED) is still lacking. In order to obtain mechanistic insights into the catalytic activity, a nucleotide-free GTPase-GED fusion protein of human Drp1 was expressed, purified and crystallized. Initial X-ray diffraction experiments yielded data to 2.67?Å resolution. The hexagonal-shaped crystals belonged to space group P21212, with unit-cell parameters a = 53.59, b = 151.65, c = 43.53?Å, one molecule per asymmetric unit and a solvent content of 42%. Expression of selenomethionine-labelled protein is currently in progress. Here, the expression, purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction analysis of the Drp1 GTPase-GED fusion protein are presented, which form a basis for more detailed structural and biophysical analysis. PMID:23027751

  20. Newell Truck Stop Testing Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frey, Marlin L.

    A unique program for providing General Educational Development (GED) diploma testing is described in this document which includes a brief description of the program, a press release, and a brochure. The program, developed by the Newton, Kansas, Unified School District No. 373, is intended to encourage truck drivers to get their diplomas by…

  1. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  2. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  3. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  4. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  5. 14 CFR 121.548 - Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. 121.548 Section 121.548 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Operations § 121.548 Aviation safety inspector's credentials: Admission to pilot's compartment. Whenever,...

  6. Using NFC Phones for Proving Credentials Gergely Alpr1,2

    E-print Network

    Verdult, Roel

    , users need only their NFC-enabled mo- bile phones and credentials implemented on their smart cards of anonymous creden- tials, implemented on a smart card to provide the functionality with minimal data, eGoverment proofs etc. Keywords: NFC, smart phone, smart card, NFC reader, anonymous credential

  7. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  8. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  9. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  10. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  11. 46 CFR 5.57 - Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. 5.57 Section 5.57 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO... § 5.57 Acting under authority of Coast Guard credential or endorsement. (a) A person employed in...

  12. Analysis of Credential Stealing Attacks in an Open Networked Environment A. Sharma1,2

    E-print Network

    Paxson, Vern

    of security incidents at NCSA indicated that nearly 26% (32/124) of the incidents analyzed involved credential. INTRODUCTION Credential stealing attacks are an important security threat which can lead to a widespread because of its diverse user base and extensive use of SSH [5]. However, system compromises due to stolen

  13. Verifying Subject Matter Competence for the CA Single Subject Teaching Credential in Mathematics

    E-print Network

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    and Pedagogy for Teaching Secondary Mathematics Mathematics 106 History of Mathematics Mathematics 117 or 110A10 Verifying Subject Matter Competence for the CA Single Subject Teaching Credential in Mathematics Applicants for a California Preliminary Single Subject Teaching Credential in Mathematics must verify

  14. Efficient U-Prove Implementation for Anonymous Credentials on Smart Cards

    E-print Network

    Mostowski, Wojciech

    Efficient U-Prove Implementation for Anonymous Credentials on Smart Cards Wojciech Mostowski discuss an efficient implementation of an- onymous credentials on smart cards. In general, privacy such protocols for smart cards involves a trade-off between the requirements of the protocol and the capabilities

  15. Extra-Credential Experiences and Social Closure: Working-Class Students at University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehmann, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Human capital theorists perceive of educational expansion as beneficial to individuals, corporations and national economies, while social closure theorists have claimed that inflation of credential requirements maintains traditional status inequalities. In this paper I argue that status inequalities are not only maintained by credential inflation,…

  16. Self-blindable Credential: Towards LightWeight Anonymous Entity Authentication

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Self-blindable Credential: Towards LightWeight Anonymous Entity Authentication Yanjiang Yang, Xuhua expansion of smart devices in our daily life. The need for individual privacy protection calls for anonymous. Towards this objective, in this paper we propose self-blindable credential, a lightweight anonymous entity

  17. A multi-national report on methods for institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Stereotactic body radiotherapy and radiosurgery are rapidly emerging treatment options for both malignant and benign spine tumors. Proper institutional credentialing by physicians and medical physicists as well as other personnel is important for the safe and effective adoption of spine radiosurgery. This article describes the methods for institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery at seven highly experienced international institutions. Methods All institutions (n?=?7) are members of the Elekta Spine Radiosurgery Research Consortium and have a dedicated research and clinical focus on image-guided spine radiosurgery. A questionnaire consisting of 24 items covering various aspects of institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery was completed by all seven institutions. Results Close agreement was observed in most aspects of spine radiosurgery credentialing at each institution. A formal credentialing process was believed to be important for the implementation of a new spine radiosurgery program, for patient safety and clinical outcomes. One institution has a written policy specific for spine radiosurgery credentialing, but all have an undocumented credentialing system in place. All institutions rely upon an in-house proctoring system for the training of both physicians and medical physicists. Four institutions require physicians and medical physicists to attend corporate sponsored training. Two of these 4 institutions also require attendance at a non-corporate sponsored academic society radiosurgery course. Corporate as well as non-corporate sponsored training were believed to be complimentary and both important for training. In 5 centers, all cases must be reviewed at a multidisciplinary conference prior to radiosurgery treatment. At 3 centers, neurosurgeons are not required to be involved in all cases if there is no evidence for instability or spinal cord compression. Backup physicians and physicists are required at only 1 institution, but all institutions have more than one specialist trained to perform spine radiosurgery. All centers believed that credentialing should also be device specific, and all believed that professional societies should formulate guidelines for institutions on the requirements for spine radiosurgery credentialing. Finally, in 4 institutions radiation therapists were required to attend corporate-sponsored device specific training for credentialing, and in only 1 institution were radiation therapists required to also attend academic society training for credentialing. Conclusions This study represents the first multi-national report of the current practice of institutional credentialing for spine radiosurgery. Key methodologies for safe implementation and credentialing of spine radiosurgery have been identified. There is strong agreement among experienced centers that credentialing is an important component of the safe and effective implementation of a spine radiosurgery program. PMID:23806078

  18. The ASTER Global Emissivity Dataset (ASTER GED): Mapping Earth's emissivity at 100 meter spatial scale

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hulley, Glynn C.; Hook, Simon J.; Abbott, Elsa; Malakar, Nabin; Islam, Tanvir; Abrams, Michael

    2015-10-01

    Thermal infrared (TIR) data, acquired by instruments on several NASA satellite platforms, are primarily used to estimate the surface temperature/emissivity of the Earth's land surface. One such instrument launched on NASA's Terra satellite in 1999 is the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), which has a spatial resolution of 90 m. Using ASTER data, NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory recently released the most detailed emissivity map of the Earth termed the ASTER Global Emissivity Dataset (ASTER GED) that was acquired by processing millions of cloud free ASTER scenes from 2000 to 2008. The ASTER GEDv3 provides an average emissivity at ~100 m and ~1 km, while GEDv4 provides a monthly emissivity from 2000 to 2015 at ~5 km spatial resolution in the wavelength range between 8 and 12 µm. Validation with lab spectra from four desert sites resulted in an average absolute band error of ~1%, compared to current heritage MODIS products that had average absolute errors of 2.4% (Collection 4) and 4.6% (Collection 5).

  19. Molecular structure and stabilities of fumaric acid conformers: Gas phase electron diffraction (GED) and quantum-chemical studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogt, Natalja; Abaev, Maxim A.; Karasev, Nikolai M.

    2011-02-01

    The molecular structure of fumaric acid was reinvestigated by the gas phase electron diffraction (GED) method because it was determined several years ago assuming the existence of one conformer only. According to MP2/cc-pVTZ predictions, the molecule has six stable conformations, and three of them, sp,sp,sp,sp (I), ap,sp,sp,sp (II) and ap,ap,sp,sp (III), with relative energies within ca. 3 kJ mol -1 should be present in detectable amounts at the experimental temperature of ca. 480 K. The best fit to the GED intensities was achieved at the approximately equal amounts of the conformers I-III. To take into account vibrational effects, the corrections to the experimental r a bond lengths ( r e - r a) were calculated using quadratic and cubic force constants from high-level ab initio calculations (MP2/cc-pVTZ). The deduced equilibrium bond lengths of the conformer II with the estimated total errors (in Å) are the following: r e(C dbnd C) = 1.331(3), r e(C sbnd C) s-trans = 1.473(3), r e(C sbnd C) s-cis = 1.479(3), r e(C sbnd O) s-trans = 1.345(3), r e(C sbnd O) s-cis = 1.344(3), r e(C dbnd O) s-trans = 1.205(3), r e(C dbnd O) s-cis = 1.204(3). The structural effects arising due to presence of the C dbnd C double bond were analysed. In comparison to the experiment, the MP2/cc-pVQZ approximation overestimates some bond lengths in fumaric acid and similar molecules by up to 0.005 Å. The rotational constants of the conformers I-III were derived from the GED equilibrium geometries.

  20. 14 CFR 135.75 - Inspectors credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    .... (b) A forward observer's seat on the flight deck, or forward passenger seat with headset or speaker... PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Flight Operations § 135.75 Inspectors credentials: Admission to...

  1. 14 CFR 135.75 - Inspectors credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... (b) A forward observer's seat on the flight deck, or forward passenger seat with headset or speaker... PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Flight Operations § 135.75 Inspectors credentials: Admission to...

  2. 14 CFR 135.75 - Inspectors credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .... (b) A forward observer's seat on the flight deck, or forward passenger seat with headset or speaker... PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Flight Operations § 135.75 Inspectors credentials: Admission to...

  3. 14 CFR 125.317 - Inspector's credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... of safety. (b) A forward observer's seat on the flight deck, or forward passenger seat with headset... GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Flight Operations § 125.317 Inspector's credentials: Admission...

  4. 14 CFR 125.317 - Inspector's credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... of safety. (b) A forward observer's seat on the flight deck, or forward passenger seat with headset... GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Flight Operations § 125.317 Inspector's credentials: Admission...

  5. 14 CFR 125.317 - Inspector's credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... of safety. (b) A forward observer's seat on the flight deck, or forward passenger seat with headset... GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Flight Operations § 125.317 Inspector's credentials: Admission...

  6. 14 CFR 135.75 - Inspectors credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    .... (b) A forward observer's seat on the flight deck, or forward passenger seat with headset or speaker... PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Flight Operations § 135.75 Inspectors credentials: Admission to...

  7. 14 CFR 125.317 - Inspector's credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... of safety. (b) A forward observer's seat on the flight deck, or forward passenger seat with headset... GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Flight Operations § 125.317 Inspector's credentials: Admission...

  8. COUNTRY REQUIRED SECONDARY/HIGH SCHOOL CREDENTIALS Afghanistan Grade 12 Graduation Certificate

    E-print Network

    Wang, Hao "Howard"

    Certificate of Maturity Aruba University Preparatory Education Diploma (Voorbereidend WetenschappelijkCOUNTRY REQUIRED SECONDARY/HIGH SCHOOL CREDENTIALS Afghanistan Grade 12 Graduation Certificate Albania Destese Pjekurie (Secondary School Leaving Certificate) Algeria Baccalaureat de L

  9. Florida's Use of the GED with At-Risk High School Students. Fourth Annual Report. 1993-1994 School Year. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Center for Needs Assessment and Planning.

    As part of its dropout prevention efforts, the state of Florida offers currently enrolled high school students the opportunity to earn a General Educational Development (GED) certificate. This new graduation option for at-risk students makes frequent use of computer-assisted instruction, operates a counseling component, integrates vocational…

  10. A Comparison of the Educational Success of GED Recipients and Traditional High School Graduates in Selected Areas at Wilkes Community College [North Carolina].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd, Fay; And Others

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a significant difference in the performance level of freshmen who did not formally complete high school but who received General Education Development (GED) certificates and high school graduates who did receive high school diplomas. The study was to indicate whether there was a…

  11. Credentialed Chefs as Certified Wellness Coaches: Call for Action.

    PubMed

    Polak, Rani; Sforzo, Gary A; Dill, Diana; Phillips, Edward M; Moore, Margaret

    2015-12-01

    Beneficial relationships exist between food preparation skills and improved dietary quality, and between times spent preparing food and mortality. Food shopping, meal planning, preparation and cooking skills are valuable in supporting good health. Thus experts are proposing nutritional counseling be expanded to include these beneficial behavioral skills. Educational programs delivered by chefs have recently emerged as a way to improve engagement with nutritional guidelines. It is reasonable to assume that a chef with behavior change knowledge and skills, such as coaching, may be more effective in facilitating behavior change. We encourage chefs who wish to be involved in promoting health-related behavior change to consider continuing education in coaching knowledge and skills. We also recommend culinary schools to consider offering these courses, to aspiring chefs. Such programming will not only benefit future clients but also offers a career- enriching professional opportunity to chefs. Credentialed chefs can make a positive health impact and should be included as professionals who are eligible for the impending national certification of health and wellness coaches. PMID:26172566

  12. Audited credential delegation: a usable security solution for the virtual physiological human toolkit.

    PubMed

    Haidar, Ali N; Zasada, Stefan J; Coveney, Peter V; Abdallah, Ali E; Beckles, Bruce; Jones, Mike A S

    2011-06-01

    We present applications of audited credential delegation (ACD), a usable security solution for authentication, authorization and auditing in distributed virtual physiological human (VPH) project environments that removes the use of digital certificates from end-users' experience. Current security solutions are based on public key infrastructure (PKI). While PKI offers strong security for VPH projects, it suffers from serious usability shortcomings in terms of end-user acquisition and management of credentials which deter scientists from exploiting distributed VPH environments. By contrast, ACD supports the use of local credentials. Currently, a local ACD username-password combination can be used to access grid-based resources while Shibboleth support is underway. Moreover, ACD provides seamless and secure access to shared patient data, tools and infrastructure, thus supporting the provision of personalized medicine for patients, scientists and clinicians participating in e-health projects from a local to the widest international scale. PMID:22670214

  13. Perspectives From the Field: Certified Health Education Specialists on the Value of Health Education Credentialing.

    PubMed

    Pierre Ste-Rose, Suzie; Medina, Rosalinda; Leal, Monica; Garcia, Sarai; Mata, Holly J

    2015-11-01

    In this commentary, four Certified Health Education Specialists (CHESs) share their reasons for obtaining national certification as health education specialists, the value of national credentialing to their employers, and the career development benefits of National Commission for Health Education Credentialing certification. CHESs play a vital role in diverse research and practice settings and increasingly contribute to changes in practice and policy that promote health equity. National Commission for Health Education Credentialing certification enhances our individual capacity as public health educators and also enhances our profession through systematic verification of responsibilities, competencies, and subcompetencies. This commentary is particularly timely in light of the Health Education Specialist Practice Analysis 2015, which updated, refined, and validated the model of health education practice. PMID:26220281

  14. Does Higher Education Expansion Reduce Credentialism and Gender Discrimination in Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Ching-Yuan; Lin, Chun-Hung A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the effects of higher education expansion on the phenomena of credentialism and gender discrimination in education. Using the survey data of Family Income and Expenditure by DGBAS, Taiwan from 1980 to 2009, we examine the time path of the effect of higher education expansion on household expenditures for children's…

  15. 46 CFR 5.61 - Acts or offenses for which revocation of credentials is sought.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Acts or offenses for which revocation of credentials is sought. 5.61 Section 5.61 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC MARINE INVESTIGATION REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Statement of Policy and Interpretation § 5.61 Acts or offenses for which...

  16. Towards a Full-Featured Implementation of Attribute Based Credentials on Smart Cards

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Towards a Full-Featured Implementation of Attribute Based Credentials on Smart Cards Antonio de la properties about themselves without necessarily revealing their full identity. Smart cards are an at to fully implement a limited subset of the Idemix ABC system on a smart card, with acceptable running times

  17. The Perceived Influence of Industry-Sponsored Credentials in the Information Technology Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartlett, Kenneth R.

    A study investigated the influence of information technology (IT)-industry-sponsored credentials from both organizational and individual perspectives. A senior-level human resource (HR) executive from each of 33 organizations with 500 or more employees completed a paper-and-pencil questionnaire (response rate=66% of the 50 organizations comprising…

  18. Credentialing in the Health, Leisure, and Movement Professions. Trends and Issues Paper No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summerfield, Liane M.

    This trends and issues paper considers the emerging presence of credentialing programs in the health, leisure, and movement professions in which such diverse occupations as health education teachers, aerobics instructors, exercise physiologists, dance therapists, community park managers, intramural directors, and military fitness instructors are…

  19. UMBC POLICY ON PASSWORD-BASED CREDENTIAL MANAGEMENT UMBC#X-1.00.03

    E-print Network

    Suri, Manil

    of printable characters (alphanumeric and symbols, no spaces or control characters) 3. Must include at leastID/username, Campus ID, Social Security Number, Date of Birth, or other directory information known to UMBC. 9 the rules described above. Password resets due to forgotten credentials will be available via three methods

  20. Spring Cycle Online Application Submission Window and Credential Deadline SUBMISSIONS AND DEADLINES

    E-print Network

    Spring Cycle Online Application Submission Window and Credential Deadline SUBMISSIONS AND DEADLINES Chemical and Biological Engineering does NOT accept Spring applications Petroleum Economics and Management (IFP) does NOT accept Spring applications U.S. Citizens and U.S. Permanent Residents: DISCOUNTED

  1. 14 CFR 135.75 - Inspectors credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Inspectors credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat. 135.75 Section 135.75 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS...

  2. 14 CFR 135.76 - DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false DOD Commercial Air Carrier Evaluator's Credentials: Admission to pilots compartment: Forward observer's seat. 135.76 Section 135.76 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR...

  3. 14 CFR 125.317 - Inspector's credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Inspector's credentials: Admission to pilots' compartment: Forward observer's seat. 125.317 Section 125.317 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND...

  4. The Motherhood Penalty and the Professional Credential: Inequality in Career Development for Those with Professional Degrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berggren, Caroline; Lauster, Nathanael

    2014-01-01

    Transitions from education to work constitute a distinct set of situations where discrimination is likely to occur. Gender beliefs generally disadvantage women, and when coupled with beliefs regarding parental responsibility, tend to heavily disadvantage mothers. Yet we suggest that professional credentials create a divided labour market, with…

  5. Head Start Male Role Model Child Development Associate Credentialing Curriculum Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christianson, Linda

    The Head Start Male Role Model Child Development Associate (CDA) Credential Program is based on the assumptions that men are valued as nurturers of small children; that low-income Black and Hispanic males can be successful as educators and role models to young children and other men; and that early childhood education can be a remunerative and…

  6. Selective Disclosure Credential Sets Jason E. Holt (isrl@lunkwill.org)

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    signatures. 1 Overview Alice wishes to obtain a service from Steve, a server. Steve will only provide Space and Naval Warfare Sys- tems Center San Diego grant number N66001-01-18908. signed by the same issuer, and the documents in each column all share a common credential ID which Alice will use to prove

  7. Perspectives on Terminology and Conceptual and Professional Issues in Health Education and Health Promotion Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taub, Alyson; Allegrante, John P.; Barry, Margaret M.; Sakagami, Keiko

    2009-01-01

    This article was prepared to inform the deliberations of the Galway Consensus Conference by providing a common and global reference point for the discussion of terminology and key conceptual and professional issues in the credentialing of health education and health promotion specialists. The article provides a review of the terminology that is…

  8. Predictors of Success on Professional Credentialing Examinations of Athletic Training Undergraduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esparza, Shandra Dawn

    2012-01-01

    Compared to other allied health programs, graduates of athletic training (AT) programs have lower pass rates on their national credentialing examination (48%). In 2013, the new Standards for Entry Level AT Programs from the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE) will require AT education programs to be accountable for…

  9. Trans-Local Academic Credentials and the (Re)production of Financial Elites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Sarah; Appleyard, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the ways in which credentials from a range of education providers are used to (re)produce transnational financial elites in London's international financial district. Extant research has examined the long-standing relationship between educational background and entry into these financial labour markets. Far less attention has…

  10. 21 CFR 1311.105 - Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Requirements for obtaining an authentication credential-Individual practitioners. 1311.105 Section 1311.105 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION... Office of Technology Strategy/Division of Identity Management to conduct identity proofing that meets...

  11. Concealing Complex Policies with Hidden Credentials Robert Bradshaw Jason Holt Kent E. Seamons

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    to a template published by the trusted third party. For instance, the FBI might publish a template "(nym):FBI agent:(current year)" for FBI agent credentials which expire at the end of each year, and issue Bob the private key corresponding to "Bob:FBI agent:2004". Alice can then send messages to Bob based

  12. Industry-Sponsored Credentials. In Brief: Fast Facts for Policy and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wonacott, Michael E.

    A study investigated the influence of information technology (IT) industry-sponsored credentials commonly called IT certifications (ITCs) from both organizational and individual perspectives. Findings indicated that there was increasing acceptance, prevalence, and benefits of ITCs in business and industry. Both executives and employees reported…

  13. A National Survey of School Based Teacher Educator Credentialing Process. School Based Teacher Educators, Number 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stell, Eugenia Ann; And Others

    This study was conducted to determine the extensiveness and form of credentialing for those persons engaged in staff development. Questionnaires were mailed to the Director of Teacher Education and Certification at the State Department of Education in forty-nine states and the District of Columbia (Texas was not included). All of the…

  14. Measuring Teacher Effectiveness: Credentials Unrelated to Student Achievement. Issue Brief No. 10

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, Marcus

    2011-01-01

    Given the challenges facing American public education today, identifying effective teachers is a more vital task than ever before. In the U.S. public school system today, the method used to determine teacher effectiveness--and thus to drive salary, promotion, and tenure decisions--is based on a few external credentials: certification, advanced…

  15. Impact of Texas High School Science Teacher Credentials on Student Performance in High School Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Anna Ray Bayless

    2012-01-01

    A study was conducted to determine the relationship between the credentials held by science teachers who taught at a school that administered the Science Texas Assessment on Knowledge and Skills (Science TAKS), the state standardized exam in science, at grade 11 and student performance on a state standardized exam in science administered in grade…

  16. Nursing Wages and Educational Credentials: The Role of Work Experience and Selectivity Bias.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Botelho, Anabela; Jones, Cheryl Bland; Kiker, B. F.

    1998-01-01

    Compares registered nurses' wage profiles across three types of educational backgrounds (two-, three-, and four-year programs), allowing for alternative construction of the work-experience variable and correcting for participation selectivity and choice-of-credential biases. Results suggest that estimated wage equations are quite sensitive to the…

  17. Verification of the Integrity and Legitimacy of Academic Credential Documents in an International Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gollin, George D.

    2009-01-01

    The global demand for higher education currently exceeds the world's existing university capacity. This shortfall is likely to persist for the foreseeable future, raising concerns that frustrated students might choose to purchase fraudulent credentials from counterfeiters or diploma mills. International efforts to encourage the development of…

  18. 78 FR 2284 - Methodology for Selecting Job Corps Centers for Closure; Comments Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-10

    ..., including a high school diploma (HSD) or general educational development (GED), and career technical... measures include student attainments for General Education Development (GEDs) or High School Diplomas (HSDs... credentials. Large and small businesses, nonprofit organizations, and Native American tribes manage...

  19. Efficient and Secure Temporal Credential-Based Authenticated Key Agreement Using Extended Chaotic Maps for Wireless Sensor Networks.

    PubMed

    Lee, Tian-Fu

    2015-01-01

    A secure temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) enables a user, a sensor node and a gateway node to realize mutual authentication using temporal credentials. The user and the sensor node then negotiate a common secret key with the help of the gateway node, and establish a secure and authenticated channel using this common secret key. To increase efficiency, recent temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement schemes for WSNs have been designed to involve few computational operations, such as hash and exclusive-or operations. However, these schemes cannot protect the privacy of users and withstand possible attacks. This work develops a novel temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement scheme for WSNs using extended chaotic maps, in which operations are more efficient than modular exponential computations and scalar multiplications on an elliptic curve. The proposed scheme not only provides higher security and efficiency than related schemes, but also resolves their weaknesses. PMID:26121612

  20. Efficient and Secure Temporal Credential-Based Authenticated Key Agreement Using Extended Chaotic Maps for Wireless Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Tian-Fu

    2015-01-01

    A secure temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) enables a user, a sensor node and a gateway node to realize mutual authentication using temporal credentials. The user and the sensor node then negotiate a common secret key with the help of the gateway node, and establish a secure and authenticated channel using this common secret key. To increase efficiency, recent temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement schemes for WSNs have been designed to involve few computational operations, such as hash and exclusive-or operations. However, these schemes cannot protect the privacy of users and withstand possible attacks. This work develops a novel temporal credential-based authenticated key agreement scheme for WSNs using extended chaotic maps, in which operations are more efficient than modular exponential computations and scalar multiplications on an elliptic curve. The proposed scheme not only provides higher security and efficiency than related schemes, but also resolves their weaknesses. PMID:26121612

  1. Privacy-Preserving Authentication of Users with Smart Cards Using One-Time Credentials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Jun-Cheol

    User privacy preservation is critical to prevent many sophisticated attacks that are based on the user's server access patterns and ID-related information. We propose a password-based user authentication scheme that provides strong privacy protection using one-time credentials. It eliminates the possibility of tracing a user's authentication history and hides the user's ID and password even from servers. In addition, it is resistant against user impersonation even if both a server's verification database and a user's smart card storage are disclosed. We also provide a revocation scheme for a user to promptly invalidate the user's credentials on a server when the user's smart card is compromised. The schemes use lightweight operations only such as computing hashes and bitwise XORs.

  2. The relationship between admissions credentials and the success of students admitted to a physics doctoral program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilkerson, Teresa

    The researcher developed this study based on the Hardgrave, et al. (1993) statement that for a doctoral student, it was "more than just standardized scores, previous academic performance, and past work experience [that] ultimately affects whether the candidate will be successful in the program" (p. 261). This study examined both the subjective and quantifiable aspects of application materials to a physics doctoral program to explore potential relationships between the credentials presented in the application and the ultimate success of the admitted students. The researcher developed questions with the goals of addressing the problem of attrition in doctoral programs and gaining a better of understanding the information provided in students' application packets. The researcher defined success as either enrolled four years after admission or attainment of the degree. This study examined the records of a population of students admitted to a physics doctoral program from the fall of 1997 to the fall of 2003 to determine their level of success as of August 2006. An exploratory analysis of the data provided answers to each of the research questions as well as an extensive understanding of the students admitted into the program during this time. This study examined both admission credentials and constructs identified by past researchers. An evaluation of the data gathered in this research revealed no relationships between these and student success as previously defined. In 1974, Willingham stated simply, "the best way to improve selection of graduate students will be to develop improved criteria for success" (p. 278). To this end, recommendations emerged regarding the decision-making process and suggestions for future research. This study was not developed to prove or disprove past research findings that predicted success from admissions information; rather, the researcher developed this study to explore each of the credentials that a student presents with his or her application packet, and to tell the story about the nuances of these credentials as they related to student success in a physics doctoral program.

  3. Welfare state retrenchment and increasing mental health inequality by educational credentials in Finland: a multicohort study

    PubMed Central

    Kokkinen, Lauri; Muntaner, Carles; Kouvonen, Anne; Koskinen, Aki; Varje, Pekka; Väänänen, Ari

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Epidemiological studies have shown an association between educational credentials and mental disorders, but have not offered any explanation for the varying strength of this association in different historical contexts. In this study, we investigate the education-specific trends in hospitalisation due to psychiatric disorders in Finnish working-age men and women between 1976 and 2010, and offer a welfare state explanation for the secular trends found. Setting Population-based setting with a 25% random sample of the population aged 30–65?years in 7 independent consecutive cohorts (1976–1980, 1981–1985, 1986–1990, 1991–1995, 1996–2000, 2001–2005, 2006–2010). Participants Participants were randomly selected from the Statistics Finland population database (n=2?865?746). These data were linked to diagnosis-specific records on hospitalisations, drawn from the National Hospital Discharge Registry using personal identification numbers. Employment rates by educational credentials were drawn from the Statistics Finland employment database. Primary and secondary outcome measures Hospitalisation and employment. Results We found an increasing trend in psychiatric hospitalisation rates among the population with only an elementary school education, and a decreasing trend in those with higher educational credentials. The employment rate of the population with only an elementary school education decreased more than that of those with higher educational credentials. Conclusions We propose that restricted employment opportunities are the main mechanism behind the increased educational inequality in hospitalisation for psychiatric disorders, while several secondary mechanisms (lack of outpatient healthcare services, welfare cuts, decreased alcohol duty) further accelerated the diverging long-term trends. All of these inequality-increasing mechanisms were activated by welfare state retrenchment, which included the liberalisation of financial markets and labour markets, severe austerity measures and narrowing down of public sector employment commitment. PMID:26041491

  4. Urban Youth and School Pushout: Gateways, Get-aways, and the GED. Critical Youth Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Eve

    2011-01-01

    Recent efforts to reform urban high schools have been marked by the pursuit of ever-increasing accountability policies, most notably through the use of high-stakes standardized testing, mayoral control, and secondary school exit exams. "Urban Youth and School Pushout" excavates the unintended consequences of such policies on secondary school…

  5. Synthesis and Conformational Analysis of 3-Methyl-3-silatetrahydropyran by GED, FTIR, NMR, and Theoretical Calculations: Comparative Analysis of 1-Hetero-3-methyl-3-silacyclohexanes.

    PubMed

    Shainyan, Bagrat A; Kirpichenko, Svetlana V; Chipanina, Nina N; Oznobikhina, Larisa P; Kleinpeter, Erich; Shlykov, Sergey A; Osadchiy, Dmitriy Yu

    2015-12-18

    3-Methyl-3-silatetrahydropyran 1 was synthesized and its molecular structure and conformational behavior was studied by gas-phase electron diffraction (GED), FTIR, low temperature (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, and by theoretical calculations (DFT, MP2). Two conformers, 1-ax and 1-eq, were located on the potential energy surface. In the gas phase, a slight predominance of the axial conformer was determined, with the ratio 1-ax:1-eq = 54(9):46(9) (from GED) or 53:47 or 61:39 (from IR). In solution, LT NMR spectroscopy at 103 K gives the ratio 1-ax:1-eq = 35:65 (-?G°103 = 0.13 kcal/mol). Simulation of solvent effects using the PCM continuum model or by calculation of the corresponding solvent-solute complexes allowed us to rationalize the experimentally observed opposite conformational predominance of the conformers of 3-methyl-3-silatetrahydropyran in the gas phase and in solution. Comparative analysis of the effect of heteroatom in 1-hetero-3-methyl-3-silacyclohexanes on the structure, stereoelectronic interactions, and relative energies of the conformers is done. PMID:26587759

  6. TU-C-9A-01: IROC Organization and Clinical Trial Credentialing

    SciTech Connect

    Followill, D; Molineu, A; Xiao, Y

    2014-06-15

    As a response to recommendations from a report from the Institute of Medicine, NCI is reorganizing it clinical trial groups into a National Clinical Trial Network (NCTN) that consists of four adult groups (Alliance, ECOGACRIN, NRG, and SWOG) and one children’s group (COG). NRG will house CIRO, a center to promote innovative radiation therapy research and intergroup collaboration in radiation. The quality assurance groups that support clinical trials have also been restructured. ITC, OSU Imaging corelab, Philadelphia Imaging core-lab, QARC, RPC, and RTOGQA have joined together to create the Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core (IROC) Group. IROC’s mission is to provide integrated radiation oncology and diagnostic imaging quality control programs in support of the NCI’s NCTN thereby assuring high quality data for clinical trials designed to improve the clinical outcomes for cancer patients worldwide. This will be accomplished through five core services: site qualification, trial design support, credentialing, data management, case review.These changes are important for physicist participating in NCI clinical trials to understand. We will describe in detail the IROC’s activities and five core services so that as a user, the medical physicist can learn how to efficiently utilize this group. We will describe common pitfalls encountered in credentialing for current protocols and present methods to avoid them. These may include the which benchmarks are required for NSABP B-51/RTOG 1304 and how to plan them as well as tips for phantom planning. We will explain how to submit patient and phantom cases in the TRIAD system used by IROC. Learning Objectives: To understand the basic organization of IROC, its mission and five core services To learn how to use TRIAD for patient and phantom data submission To learn how to avoid common pitfalls in credentialing for current trials.

  7. What Is a Bilingual School Psychologist? A National Survey of the Credentialing Bodies of School Psychologists: Implications for the Assessment of Bilinguals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sotelo-Dynega, Marlene

    2015-01-01

    The present study explored the credentialing practices for bilingual school psychologists in the United States. Credentialing agencies of school psychologists, mostly State Departments of Education, across the 50 states and the District of Columbia were contacted via telephone by trained graduate student research assistants. Only two of the…

  8. Credentialing Requirements: A Summary of the Thirty-One Professions Supervised by the Board of Regents and Administered by the New York State Education Department.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    The basic requirements for credentialing in 31 professions supervised by the Board of Regents and administered by the New York State Department of Education are listed. Not every requirement is cited, and a more detailed statement of the credentialing requirements for these professions may be found in Title VIII of the Education Law and in the…

  9. Postsecondary Career/Technical Education: Changes in the Number of Offering Institutions and Awarded Credentials from 1997 to 2006. Issue Brief. NCES 2008-001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clery, Sue

    2008-01-01

    This Issue Brief focuses on the subbaccalaureate sector of career-related credential programs, corresponding to the definition of career/technical education (CTE) as "organized educational activities that provide technical skill proficiency, an industry-recognized credential, a certificate, or an associate degree." The report examines changes…

  10. Improving patient safety and physician accountability using the hospital credentialing process.

    PubMed

    Forster, Alan J; Turnbull, Jeff; McGuire, Shaun; Ho, Michael L; Worthington, J R

    2011-01-01

    The lack of systematic oversight of physician performance has led to some serious cases related to physician competence and behaviour. We are currently implementing a hospital-wide approach to improve physician oversight by incorporating it into the hospital credentialing process. Our proposed credentialing method involves four systems: (1) a system for monitoring and reporting clinical performance; (2) a system for evaluating physician behaviour; (3) a complaints management system; and (4) an administrative system for maintaining documentation. In our method, physicians are responsible for implementing an annual performance assessment program. The hospital will be responsible for the complaints management system and the system for collecting and reporting relevant health outcomes. Physicians and the hospital will share responsibility for monitoring professional behaviour. Medical leadership, effective governance, appropriate supporting information systems and adequate human resources are required for the program to be successful. Our program is proactive and will allow our hospital to enhance safety through a quality assurance framework and by complementing existing safety activities. Our program could be extended to non-hospital physicians through regional health or provider networks. Central licensing authorities could help to coordinate these programs on a province- or state-wide basis to ensure uniformity of standards and to avoid duplication of efforts. PMID:21915238

  11. Web-based credential monitoring instantly flags health professionals with fraudulent licenses or criminal backgrounds.

    PubMed

    Haddad, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    An alarming number of practicing medical professionals and healthcare staffers across the nation may have criminal backgrounds, jeopardizing the health of hundreds of millions of patients and compromising the integrity of healthcare in this country. An investigation conducted by The Los Angeles Times found that an extraordinary number of nurses in California with criminal backgrounds had been allowed to continue working in healthcare facilities for years--their crimes virtually swept under the rug. This article suggests that continuous monitoring of healthcare credentials can mitigate the potential harm posed by credentialing fraud, recommending 24/7 monitoring in real-time as opposed to once every year or two as is the current practice. This would include verification of provider licenses, Drug Enforcement Administration certification, Office of Inspector General status, and criminal offenses. Automatic and continuous monitoring of licenses and other databases for changes and lapses, and reports on issues that are uncovered, help to prevent harmful acts on the part of healthcare providers with questionable backgrounds. PMID:19455871

  12. SU-E-CAMPUS-J-04: Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT): Review of Technical Standards and Credentialing in Radiotherapy Clinical Trials

    SciTech Connect

    Giaddui, T; Chen, W; Yu, J; Gong, Y; Galvin, J; Xiao, Y; Cui, Y; Yin, F; Craig, T; Dawson, L; Al-Hallaq, H; Chmura, S

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To review IGRT credentialing experience and unexpected technical issues encountered in connection with advanced radiotherapy technologies as implemented in RTOG clinical trials. To update IGRT credentialing procedures with the aim of improving the quality of the process, and to increase the proportion of IGRT credentialing compliance. To develop a living disease site-specific IGRT encyclopedia. Methods: Numerous technical issues were encountered during the IGRT credentialing process. The criteria used for credentialing review were based on: image quality; anatomy included in fused data sets and shift results. Credentialing requirements have been updated according to the AAPM task group reports for IGRT to ensure that all required technical items are included in the quality review process. Implementation instructions have been updated and expanded for recent protocols. Results: Technical issues observed during the credentialing review process include, but are not limited to: poor quality images; inadequate image acquisition region; poor data quality; shifts larger than acceptable; no soft tissue surrogate. The updated IGRT credentialing process will address these issues and will also include the technical items required from AAPM: TG 104; TG 142 and TG 179 reports. An instruction manual has been developed describing a remote credentialing method for reviewers. Submission requirements are updated, including images/documents as well as facility questionnaire. The review report now includes summary of the review process and the parameters that reviewers check. We have reached consensus on the minimum IGRT technical requirement for a number of disease sites. RTOG 1311(NRG-BR002A Phase 1 Study of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) for the Treatment of Multiple Metastases) is an example, here; the protocol specified the minimum requirement for each anatomical sites (with/without fiducials). Conclusion: Technical issues are identified and reported. IGRT guidelines are updated, with the corresponding credentialing requirements. An IGRT encyclopedia describing site-specific implementation issues is currently in development.

  13. Armed with a GED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cech, Scott J.

    2008-01-01

    This is not an average classroom. All of the 15 students in the English class Christin M. Bradshaw is teaching on a late-October afternoon are dressed identically in desert fatigues and combat boots. All the young men have uniform buzz cuts. Outside, there is the faint popping of distant rifle practice and the shouted commands of drill sergeants…

  14. TU-C-BRE-05: Clinical Implications of AAA Commissioning Errors and Ability of Common Commissioning ' Credentialing Procedures to Detect Them

    SciTech Connect

    McVicker, A; Oldham, M; Yin, F; Adamson, J

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To test the ability of the TG-119 commissioning process and RPC credentialing to detect errors in the commissioning process for a commercial Treatment Planning System (TPS). Methods: We introduced commissioning errors into the commissioning process for the Anisotropic Analytical Algorithm (AAA) within the Eclipse TPS. We included errors in Dosimetric Leaf Gap (DLG), electron contamination, flattening filter material, and beam profile measurement with an inappropriately large farmer chamber (simulated using sliding window smoothing of profiles). We then evaluated the clinical impact of these errors on clinical intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans (head and neck, low and intermediate risk prostate, mesothelioma, and scalp) by looking at PTV D99, and mean and max OAR dose. Finally, for errors with substantial clinical impact we determined sensitivity of the RPC IMRT film analysis at the midpoint between PTV and OAR using a 4mm distance to agreement metric, and of a 7% TLD dose comparison. We also determined sensitivity of the 3 dose planes of the TG-119 C-shape IMRT phantom using gamma criteria of 3% 3mm. Results: The largest clinical impact came from large changes in the DLG with a change of 1mm resulting in up to a 5% change in the primary PTV D99. This resulted in a discrepancy in the RPC TLDs in the PTVs and OARs of 7.1% and 13.6% respectively, which would have resulted in detection. While use of incorrect flattening filter caused only subtle errors (<1%) in clinical plans, the effect was most pronounced for the RPC TLDs in the OARs (>6%). Conclusion: The AAA commissioning process within the Eclipse TPS is surprisingly robust to user error. When errors do occur, the RPC and TG-119 commissioning credentialing criteria are effective at detecting them; however OAR TLDs are the most sensitive despite the RPC currently excluding them from analysis.

  15. Credential Creep

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bollag, Burton

    2007-01-01

    When Brenda M. Coppard was studying occupational therapy in the late 1980s, a bachelor's degree was the standard ticket to enter the profession. By the 1990s, a master's degree was expected. Today a doctorate is becoming the norm. Ms. Coppard has pushed for more advanced degrees. In 1999 the associate professor of occupational therapy helped…

  16. "It's Considered a Second Class Thing." The Differences in Status between Traditional and Newly Established Higher Education Credentials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka

    2015-01-01

    Although the system of educational credentials differs in many important ways from country to country, all western countries have experienced a similar trend in the form of an increasing number of graduate degrees. Graduate degrees have also taken on a bewildering range of forms and content. As a consequence, not all graduate degrees have the same…

  17. Credential Inflation and The Professional Doctorate in California Higher Education. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.1.04

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Belle, Thomas J.

    2004-01-01

    The article argues that the time has come to change California's 1960 Master Plan for higher education by permitting the California State University (CSU) to award the doctorate in selected professional programs. The article also addresses the inadequacies of the joint doctorate as the means to remedy degree or credential creep; the CSU's focus on…

  18. Opening Doors to Earning Credentials: Supporting CalWORKS Students at California Community Colleges. An Exploratory Focus Group Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Laura; Purnell, Rogeair

    The challenges faced by low-income parents as they pursued an associate's degree or postsecondary credential and the effects of the comprehensive student services offered by the CalWORKs community college program were examined through focus groups at the following California community colleges: Grossmont College; Sacramento City College; and Santa…

  19. TH-B-12A-01: TG124 “A Guide for Establishing a Credentialing and Privileging Program for Users of Fluoroscopic Equipment in Healthcare Organizations”

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, M

    2014-06-15

    Fluoroscopy credentialing and privileging programs are being instituted because of recorded patient injuries and the widespread growth in fluoroscopy use by operators whose medical education did not include formal fluoroscopy training. This lack of training is recognized as a patient safety deficiency, and medical physicists and health physicists are finding themselves responsible for helping to establish fluoroscopy credentialing programs. While physicians are very knowledgeable about clinical credentials review and the privileging process, medical physicists and health physicists are not as familiar with the process and associated requirements. To assist the qualified medical physicist (QMP) and the radiation safety officer (RSO) with these new responsibilities, TG 124 provides an overview of the credentialing process, guidance for policy development and incorporating trained fluoroscopy users into a facility's established process, as well as recommendations for developing and maintaining a risk-based fluoroscopy safety training program. This lecture will review the major topics addressed in TG124 and relate them to practical situations. Learning Objectives: Understand the difference between credentialing and privileging. Understand the responsibilities, interaction and coordination among key individuals and committees. Understand options for integrating the QMP and/or RSO and Radiation Safety Committee into the credentialing and privileging process. Understand issues related to implementing the fluoroscopy safety training recommendations and with verifying and documenting successful completion.

  20. Purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray crystallographic analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana dynamin-related protein 1A GTPase-GED fusion protein.

    PubMed

    Chen, Xiaoyue; Xu, Xuanhao; Sun, Yuna; Zhou, Jingwen; Ma, Yuanyuan; Yan, Liming; Lou, Zhiyong

    2012-01-01

    Plant-specific dynamin-related proteins play crucial roles in cell-plate formation, endocytosis or exocytosis, protein sorting to the vacuole and plasma membrane and the division of mitochondria and chloroplasts. In order to determine the crystal structure and thus to obtain a better understanding of the biological functions and mechanisms of dynamin-related proteins in plant cells, the GTPase domain of Arabidopsis thaliana dynamin-related protein 1A (AtDRP1A) fused to its GTPase effector domain (GED) was crystallized in a nucleotide-associated form using polyethylene glycol 3350 as precipitant. The hexagonal crystals (space group P6(1)) had unit-cell parameters a = b = 146.2, c = 204.3 Å, and diffraction data were collected to 3.6 Å resolution using synchrotron radiation. Four molecules, comprising two functional dimers, are assumed per asymmetric unit, corresponding to a Matthews coefficient of 3.9 Å(3) Da(-1) according to the molecular weight of 39 kDa. PMID:22232176

  1. Targeted tumor-penetrating siRNA nanocomplexes for credentialing the ovarian cancer target ID4

    PubMed Central

    Ren, Yin; Cheung, Hiu Wing; von Maltzhan, Geoffrey; Agrawal, Amit; Cowley, Glenn S.; Weir, Barbara A.; Boehm, Jesse S.; Tamayo, Pablo; Karst, Alison M.; Liu, Joyce F.; Hirsch, Michelle S.; Mesirov, Jill P.; Drapkin, Ronny; Root, David E.; Lo, Justin; Fogal, Valentina; Ruoslahti, Erkki; Hahn, William C.; Bhatia, Sangeeta N.

    2013-01-01

    The comprehensive characterization of a large number of cancer genomes will eventually lead to a compendium of genetic alterations in specific cancers. Unfortunately, the number and complexity of identified alterations complicate endeavors to identify biologically relevant mutations critical for tumor maintenance, because many of these targets are not amenable to manipulation by small molecules or antibodies. RNAi provides a direct way to study putative cancer targets; however, specific delivery of therapeutics to the tumor parenchyma remains an intractable problem. We describe a platform for the discovery and initial validation of cancer targets, composed of a systematic effort to identify amplified and essential genes in human cancer cell lines and tumors partnered with a novel modular delivery technology. We developed a tumor-penetrating nanocomplex (TPN) comprised of siRNA complexed with a tandem tumor-penetrating and membrane-translocating peptide, which enabled the specific delivery of siRNA deep into the tumor parenchyma. We employed TPN in vivo to evaluate inhibitor of DNA binding 4 (ID4) as a novel oncogene. Treatment of ovarian tumor-bearing mice with ID4-specific TPN suppressed growth of established tumors and significantly improved survival. These observations not only credential ID4 as an oncogene in 32% of high-grade ovarian cancers, but also provide a framework for the identification, validation, and understanding of potential therapeutic cancer targets. PMID:22896676

  2. The Devil's in the Details: Evidence from the GED on Large Effects of Small Differences in High Stakes Exams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, John H.; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.

    2004-01-01

    As part of standards-based educational reform efforts, more than 40 states will soon require students to achieve passing scores on standardized exams in order to obtain a high school diploma. Currently, many states are struggling with the design of their examination systems, debating such questions as which subjects should be tested, what should…

  3. Striking a Balance: Academic Advising and the Advisory Working Alliance with Adult Master's-Level Credential Candidates at Regional Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Cindy Franklin

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the advising approaches and the training received by academic advisors to form an advisory working alliance with adult master's-level credential candidates in educator preparation programs at regional campuses in Southern and Central California. This advisory working alliance concept…

  4. "To Better Our Condition": Educational Credentialing and "the Silent Compulsion of Economic Relations" in the United States, 1830 to the Present.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hogan, David

    1996-01-01

    Examines the social and economic pressures exerted on U.S. society by industrialization and a market economy and the concurrent effect on public education. Argues that market forces shaped education as a credentialing process that ensured social stratification. Discusses the present application of this process and its implications for educational…

  5. Are the Educational Credentials of Immigrant and Native-Born Workers Perfect Substitutes in Canadian Labour Markets? A Production Function Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akbari, Ather H.; Aydede, Yigit

    2013-01-01

    For the past two decades, most immigrants who arrived in the advanced nations of the western world originated in less advanced countries of the third world. One of the main barriers to their economic integration, as viewed in the public circles of host nations, is the lack of recognition of their educational credentials based on which the…

  6. Factors Influencing Nontraditional Age Student Participation in Postsecondary Education: How Do Student Motivations and Characteristics Relate to Adult Participation in Credential Programs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kortesoja, Sandra

    2006-01-01

    How do student motivations and characteristics relate to participation in credential programs--either in the form of a college or university program, or a program leading to a diploma or certificate from a vocational or technical school or program? Through multinomial logistic regression analysis of data from the 1999 National Household Education…

  7. Transferring Professional Skills, Degrees, or Credentials from One's Native Country. Tierra de Oportunidad Module 21. LAES: Latino Adult Education Services Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kissam, Ed; Dorsey, Holda

    This module, which may be used as the basis for a workshop or as a special topic unit in adult basic education or English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) courses, focuses transferring professional skills, degrees, or credentials from one's native country. The basic career planning and job search principles are relevant to learners at all educational…

  8. Labor Market Returns to Sub-Baccalaureate Credentials: How Much Does a Community College Degree or Certificate Pay? CCRC Working Paper No. 45

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dadgar, Mina; Weiss, Madeline Joy

    2012-01-01

    This study provides one of the first estimates of the returns to different types of community college credentials--short-term certificates, long-term certificates, and associate degrees--across different fields of study. We exploit a rich dataset that includes matched, longitudinal college transcripts and Unemployment Insurance records for…

  9. An advanced temporal credential-based security scheme with mutual authentication and key agreement for wireless sensor networks.

    PubMed

    Li, Chun-Ta; Weng, Chi-Yao; Lee, Cheng-Chi

    2013-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be quickly and randomly deployed in any harsh and unattended environment and only authorized users are allowed to access reliable sensor nodes in WSNs with the aid of gateways (GWNs). Secure authentication models among the users, the sensor nodes and GWN are important research issues for ensuring communication security and data privacy in WSNs. In 2013, Xue et al. proposed a temporal-credential-based mutual authentication and key agreement scheme for WSNs. However, in this paper, we point out that Xue et al.'s scheme cannot resist stolen-verifier, insider, off-line password guessing, smart card lost problem and many logged-in users' attacks and these security weaknesses make the scheme inapplicable to practical WSN applications. To tackle these problems, we suggest a simple countermeasure to prevent proposed attacks while the other merits of Xue et al.'s authentication scheme are left unchanged. PMID:23887085

  10. An Advanced Temporal Credential-Based Security Scheme with Mutual Authentication and Key Agreement for Wireless Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Li, Chun-Ta; Weng, Chi-Yao; Lee, Cheng-Chi

    2013-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be quickly and randomly deployed in any harsh and unattended environment and only authorized users are allowed to access reliable sensor nodes in WSNs with the aid of gateways (GWNs). Secure authentication models among the users, the sensor nodes and GWN are important research issues for ensuring communication security and data privacy in WSNs. In 2013, Xue et al. proposed a temporal-credential-based mutual authentication and key agreement scheme for WSNs. However, in this paper, we point out that Xue et al.'s scheme cannot resist stolen-verifier, insider, off-line password guessing, smart card lost problem and many logged-in users' attacks and these security weaknesses make the scheme inapplicable to practical WSN applications. To tackle these problems, we suggest a simple countermeasure to prevent proposed attacks while the other merits of Xue et al.'s authentication scheme are left unchanged. PMID:23887085

  11. 77 FR 70475 - Comment Request for Information Collection for Contractor Information Gathering, Extension...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ... is the nation's largest residential, educational, and career technical training program for young... Educational Development (GED), and career technical training credentials, including industry-recognized... of Job Corps center operators stem directly from operational needs or are necessary to...

  12. 28 CFR 544.73 - Program participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program...designee shall assign to an education staff member...interviews in the inmate's education file. (b)(1...the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (PLRA...a GED credential or high school diploma...

  13. The association between blood pressure and years of schooling versus educational credentials: Test of the sheepskin effect

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Sze Yan; Buka, Stephen L.; Linkletter, Crystal D.; Kawachi, Ichiro; Kubzansky, Laura; Loucks, Eric B.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Attaining a degree may offer greater opportunities for health than years of schooling alone. This study examines whether there is a degree, or “sheepskin”, effect on the association between education and blood pressure. Methods Multivariable-adjusted ordinal and linear regression models assessed associations of years of schooling and degree attainment with systolic and diastolic blood pressure in a sample of 552 adults aged 38–47 years. Results Years of schooling was inversely associated with systolic blood pressure adjusting for age, gender and race (?=?0.4, 95% CL:?0.7,?0.1 mmHg systolic blood pressure/year of schooling). Additional adjustment for mother’s education, childhood verbal intelligence quotient, childhood health and childhood socioeconomic status had minimal impact on effect size (?= ?0.3, 95% CI=?0.7,0.0). However, years of schooling was no longer associated with blood pressure in the fully adjusted model which included additional adjustment for degree attained (?=0.0, 95% CL:?0.5, 0.4). In the fully adjusted model (including adjustment for years of schooling), individuals with a graduate degree still had significantly lower systolic blood pressure than HS degree-holders (e.g. ?=?9.2, 95% CL:?15.2,?3.2 for graduate vs. high school degree). Findings were similar for diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion The association of years of schooling with blood pressure may be largely due to degree attainment rather than simply the knowledge and skills accumulated due to years of schooling alone. PMID:21184953

  14. 77 FR 2935 - Revision to Chemical Testing Regulations for Mariners and Marine Employers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-20

    ...Keyword or ID'' box. Click ``Search'' then click on the balloon shape in the ``Actions'' column. If you submit your comments...non-credentialed mariners) to be reported to the Coast Guard? F. Medical Review Officers (MROs) Reporting Non-Negative Test...

  15. Global Recognition of Qualified Toxicologic Pathologists: Credential Review as a Potential Route for Recognizing the Proficiency of Pathologists Involved in Regulatory-type Nonclinical Studies*

    PubMed Central

    Ettlin, Robert A.; Bolon, Brad; Pyrah, Ian; Konishi, Yoichi; Black, Hugh E.

    2009-01-01

    Recent international summits of the International Federation of Societies of Toxicologic Pathologists (IFSTP) have debated the desirability and potential means by which the proficiency of an individual toxicologic pathologist might be recognized and communicated throughout the world. The present document describes the advantages and disadvantages of implementing such a global recognition system by any means, and provides a proposal whereby recognition might be accorded via rigorous credential review of a practitioner’s education and experience. PMID:22271988

  16. IMRT credentialing for prospective trials using institutional virtual phantoms: results of a joint European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer and Radiological Physics Center project

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background and purpose Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) credentialing for a EORTC study was performed using an anthropomorphic head phantom from the Radiological Physics Center (RPC; RPCPH). Institutions were retrospectively requested to irradiate their institutional phantom (INSTPH) using the same treatment plan in the framework of a Virtual Phantom Project (VPP) for IMRT credentialing. Materials and methods CT data set of the institutional phantom and measured 2D dose matrices were requested from centers and sent to a dedicated secure EORTC uploader. Data from the RPCPH and INSTPH were thereafter centrally analyzed and inter-compared by the QA team using commercially available software (RIT; ver.5.2; Colorado Springs, USA). Results Eighteen institutions participated to the VPP. The measurements of 6 (33%) institutions could not be analyzed centrally. All other centers passed both the VPP and the RPC ±7%/4 mm credentialing criteria. At the 5%/5 mm gamma criteria (90% of pixels passing), 11(92%) as compared to 12 (100%) centers pass the credentialing process with RPCPH and INSTPH (p?=?0.29), respectively. The corresponding pass rate for the 3%/3 mm gamma criteria (90% of pixels passing) was 2 (17%) and 9 (75%; p?=?0.01), respectively. Conclusions IMRT dosimetry gamma evaluations in a single plane for a H&N prospective trial using the INSTPH measurements showed agreement at the gamma index criteria of ±5%/5 mm (90% of pixels passing) for a small number of VPP measurements. Using more stringent, criteria, the RPCPH and INSTPH comparison showed disagreement. More data is warranted and urgently required within the framework of prospective studies. PMID:24885438

  17. Response to a Legal Challenge: Five Steps to Defensible Credentialing Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanaugh, Sally Hixon

    1991-01-01

    A lawsuit involving the National Board for Respiratory Therapy illustrates that certification examinations are vulnerable to complaints of discrimination and employers' misuse of test results. The board's five-step process--position-viability study, personnel survey, job analysis, item writing/test development, and criterion-related validity…

  18. Attitude Towards the Use of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy and Reliability of Classification Extremity Problems by Credentialed Therapists

    PubMed Central

    Takasaki, Hiroshi; Iwasada, Yoshihiro; May, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate attitudes towards Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) for extremity problems and inter-examiner reliability of classifying extremity problems into MDT subgroups by credentialed practitioners in MDT (Cred.MDT) in Japan. Methods A cross-sectional survey was used and all 120 Cred.MDT practitioners registered in the McKenzie Institute International Japan branch were asked about their attitude towards MDT for extremity problems and were asked to select the most appropriate MDT subgroup for each of the 25 extremity patient vignettes. Model classifications were used to investigate accuracy of classification. Percent agreement and Kappa analyses were examined. Results Sixty practitioners (50%) participated in this study. For the management of patients with extremity problems, the majority did not use MDT most of the time (53%) due to a lack of confidence in using MDT in the extremities (78%). The overall accuracy for their MDT classification for extremity problems was 87% (Fleiss's ? = 0.78). Conclusions The majority of the Cred.MDT practitioners in Japan did not use MDT frequently and were not confident to use MDT with extremity patients. However, accuracy and inter-examiner agreement of their MDT classification from the information on the assessment sheet was good.

  19. Predictors of Academic Success for the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination and the Southern Regional Testing Agency Clinical Exam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Efurd, Melissa G.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose for conducting this study was to investigate and describe the relationship between applicant criteria for a dental hygiene program and subsequent outcomes on credentialing exams: the National Board Dental Hygiene Exam and the Southern Regional Testing Agency clinical exam. Because admission criteria play a crucial role in applicant…

  20. USING PERSONAL IDENTITY VERIFICATION (PIV) CREDENTIALS IN PHYSICAL ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEMS (PACS)

    E-print Network

    , and supporting specifications, reference implementations, and conformance tests to help federal agencies use. The publication describes a strategy that agencies can apply in using PIV Cards for access to federal buildings federal agencies, and cost efficiencies. A discussion of the issues that need to be studied in the future

  1. Life History Data on the Occupational Effects of Obtaining Educational Credentials through Alternate Routes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karweit, Nancy

    This project report describes the process used to convert the retrospective life history data collected in 1969 at the Center for Social Organization of Schools at the Johns Hopkins University to a more usable form, the writing and testing of computer storage and retrieval programs for the data, and the initial interpretation of data relating to…

  2. GOAL Academy: Giving Dropouts a Second Chance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dicksteen, Lisa Napell

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Education's (ED) National Center for Education Statistics defines dropouts as "16- through 21-year-olds who are not enrolled in school and have not earned a high school credential (either a diploma or an equivalency credential such as a General Education Development (GED) certificate)." According to the feds, the U.S.…

  3. Accurately measuring 'green' credentials.

    PubMed

    Túnica, José; Planas, Carla; Clemente, Raquel

    2013-08-01

    In a slightly adapted version of article first published in the IFHE (International Federation of Hospital Engineering) Digest 2012, José Túnica, managing director, Carla Planas, BREEAM assessor, and Raquel Clemente, LEED AP BREEAM assessor, at Spanish independent engineering firm, JG Ingenieros, examine the impact on the design of hospitals and other healthcare buildings of some of the key environmental assessment schemes now in use internationally. PMID:24000544

  4. The Perceived Influence of Industry-Sponsored Credentials in the Information Technology Industry. In Essence: Key Findings from the National Research Center for Career and Technical Education No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naylor, Michele

    The perceptions of human resource (HR) managers and information technology (IT) professionals regarding the influence of industry-sponsored credentials (ISCs) on recruitment, training, career development, and selected organizational outcomes were examined. Data were collected from 33 (66%) of 50 HR executives surveyed and from a Web-based survey…

  5. Fraudulent Credentials: Federal Employees. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    An investigation of the employment of federal employees who obtained fradulent educational degrees and professional credentials was initiated by Congress and conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Postal Service. One diploma mill operation was using the mails to defraud (i.e., they took people's money without giving them…

  6. Ideas Exchange: Should School Districts Have a Specific Individual Designated as the Director or Coordinator for Physical Education? What Credentials Should One Possess to Be Effective in Such a Role?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerekes, Jack; Chase, Melissa A.; Reiss, Carole B.; Fennel, Adam; Vulpis,Dominick; Magnotta, John; Arcadi, Mary; Siracuse, Robert M.; Christenson, Robert S.; Wright, Jim

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the opinions/ideas of professionals who were asked these questions: "Should school districts have a specific individual designated as the Director or Coordinator for Physical Education? What credentials should one possess to be effective in such a role?" The professionals contend that every school district needs to have a…

  7. Medication monitoring and drug testing ethics project.

    PubMed

    Payne, Richard; Moe, Jeffrey L; Sevier, Catherine Harvey; Sevier, David; Waitzkin, Michael

    2015-01-01

    In 2012, Duke University initiated a research project, funded by an unrestricted research grant from Millennium Laboratories, a drug testing company. The project focused on assessing the frequency and nature of questionable, unethical, and illegal business practices in the clinical drug testing industry and assessing the potential for establishing a business code of ethics. Laboratory leaders, clinicians, industry attorneys, ethicists, and consultants participated in the survey, were interviewed, and attended two face-to-face meetings to discuss a way forward. The study demonstrated broad acknowledgment of variations in the legal and regulatory environment, resulting in inconsistent enforcement of industry practices. Study participants expressed agreement that overtly illegal practices sometimes exist, particularly when laboratory representatives and clinicians discuss reimbursement, extent of testing, and potential business incentives with medical practitioners. Most respondents reported directly observing probable violations involving marketing materials, contracts, or, in the case of some individuals, directly soliciting people with offers of clinical supplies and other "freebies." While many study respondents were skeptical that voluntary standards alone would eliminate questionable business practices, most viewed ethics codes and credentialing as an important first step that could potentially mitigate uneven enforcement, while improving quality of care and facilitating preferred payment options for credentialed parties. Many were willing to participate in future discussions and industry-wide initiatives to improve the environment. PMID:25750169

  8. Algorithms used in heterogeneous dose calculations show systematic differences as measured with the Radiological Physics Center’s anthropomorphic thorax phantom used for RTOG credentialing

    PubMed Central

    Kry, Stephen F.; Alvarez, Paola; Molineu, Andrea; Amador, Carrie; Galvin, James; Followill, David S.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To determine the impact of treatment planning algorithm on the accuracy of heterogeneous dose calculations in the Radiological Physics Center (RPC) thorax phantom. Methods and Materials We retrospectively analyzed the results of 304 irradiations of the RPC thorax phantom at 221 different institutions as part of credentialing for RTOG clinical trials; the irradiations were all done using 6-MV beams. Treatment plans included those for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) as well as 3D conformal therapy (3D CRT). Heterogeneous plans were developed using Monte Carlo (MC), convolution/superposition (CS) and the anisotropic analytic algorithm (AAA), as well as pencil beam (PB) algorithms. For each plan and delivery, the absolute dose measured in the center of a lung target was compared to the calculated dose, as was the planar dose in 3 orthogonal planes. The difference between measured and calculated dose was examined as a function of planning algorithm as well as use of IMRT. Results PB algorithms overestimated the dose delivered to the center of the target by 4.9% on average. Surprisingly, CS algorithms and AAA also showed a systematic overestimation of the dose to the center of the target, by 3.7% on average. In contrast, the MC algorithm dose calculations agreed with measurement within 0.6% on average. There was no difference observed between IMRT and 3D CRT calculation accuracy. Conclusion Unexpectedly, advanced treatment planning systems (those using CS and AAA algorithms) overestimated the dose that was delivered to the lung target. This issue requires attention in terms of heterogeneity calculations and potentially in terms of clinical practice. PMID:23237006

  9. The ethics of administrative credentialing.

    PubMed

    Jones, James W; McCullough, Laurence B; Crigger, Nancy A; Richman, Bruce W

    2005-04-01

    A vascular surgeon has practiced in the same community for more than 20 years, holding privileges at the two largest local general hospitals. She is widely respected and admired by patients and fellow physicians in all specialties, and her results are consistently good. Recently, the board of directors at the hospital that has been the source of 80% of her case referrals hired a notorious slash-and-burn management firm to improve the balance sheet. The new chief executive officer (CEO) installed an information technology system that can provide management with physician-specific figures on costs and reimbursements. The management consultants identified the 10% of physicians with the worst cost/reimbursement ratios over the preceding 5 years and persuaded the board of directors to order their clinical privileges withdrawn. Our seasoned surgeon learns that she is among the targeted group. Is there an ethical issue here, and, if so, how should she respond? PMID:15874943

  10. College of Social and Behavioral Sciences Competitive Scholarships -Spring Semester 2015

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    a General Educational Development (GED) credential rather than a traditional high school diploma. Preference, April 2, 2014 Scott J. Bacherman Internship Award Supports students who are taking an unpaid internships students who are taking unpaid internships in the summer or fall. Preference will be given to communication

  11. 76 FR 32171 - Applications for New Awards; Investing in Innovation Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-03

    ... 34 CFR 77.1(c), or an institution of higher education as defined by section 101(a) of the Higher... a higher diploma and does not include a General Education Development (GED) credential, certificate...: The regulations in 34 CFR part 86 apply to institutions of higher education only. II....

  12. 76 FR 32159 - Applications for New Awards; Investing in Innovation Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-03

    ... 34 CFR 77.1(c), or an institution of higher education as defined by section 101(a) of the Higher... a higher diploma and does not include a General Education Development (GED) credential, certificate...: The regulations in 34 CFR part 86 apply to institutions of higher education only. II....

  13. 76 FR 32148 - Applications for New Awards; Investing in Innovation Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-03

    ... 34 CFR 77.1(c), or an institution of higher education as defined by section 101(a) of the Higher... a higher diploma and does not include a General Education Development (GED) credential, certificate...: The regulations in 34 CFR part 86 apply to institutions of higher education only. II....

  14. What It Costs: Financing Back on Track through College Designs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almeida, Cheryl; Steinberg, Adria; Santos, Janet

    2013-01-01

    Almost 7 million young Americans (age 16-24) are insufficiently attached to school or work. Based on conservative estimates, we can generate over $1 billion just by helping a mere 0.1 percent earn a high school credential and complete their first year of college through Back on Track Designs. This brief lays out the cost of setting up these GED-…

  15. Efficacy of a post-secondary environmental science education program on the attitude toward science of a group of Mississippi National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, William Bradford, Jr.

    The National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program (ChalleNGe) is a 17 month quasi-military training program authorized by Congress in the 1993 Defense Authorization Bill designed to improve life skills, education levels, and employment potential of 16--18 year old youth who drop out of high school. ChalleNGe is currently operational in 27 states/territories with the focus of this study on the Mississippi National Guard Program operated at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. During the five month residential portion of the program students are guided through an eight step process designed to meet the goals of improving life skills, education levels, and employment potential while ultimately leading to completion of high school equivalency credentials followed by a 12 month mentoring phase to encourage and track progress toward goals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitude toward science of a group of students enrolled in the ChalleNGe Program at Camp Shelby (ChalleNGe). The GED test is administered approximately two months into the residential phase of the program. While the program boasts an overall GED pass rate of nearly 80%, approximately 30--35% of students successfully complete the initial offering of the GED. As high school graduates, these students are offered college courses through William Carey College in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. Twenty four students elected to take the Introduction to Environmental Science course and formed the experimental group while 24 other students who passed the GED comprised the control group. Each group was administered the Scientific Attitude Inventory II, a 40 statement instrument with Likert Scale responses, as a pretest. Paired samples t-tests indicated no significant difference in attitude toward science between the experimental and control groups on the pretest. Following the two week Introduction to Environmental Science course for the experimental group, both groups were post tested. As predicted, the attitude toward science of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group. Further investigation into correlation between the length of time students were away from the traditional school prior to starting ChalleNGe, the number of science classes previously taken, and reading scores on the Test of Adult Basic Education revealed no significant relationship. Responses provided by students to each of these three factors was significantly different between the experimental and control groups. In summary, attitude toward science can be positively impacted by short term interventions such as the environmental science course described herein. While the positive impact on attitude toward science caused by this course was the desired outcome of this project, appropriate emphasis should be placed on prevention of dropouts and the accompanying social issues.

  16. Test Article

    Cancer.gov

    Test ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest ArticleTest Article Home Care for Cancer Patients A fact sheet about the various services provided

  17. Keeping It Real: Using Authentic Materials in a GED Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Jill

    2007-01-01

    The numbers of disconnected youths (adolescents and young adults aged 16 to 21 who have dropped out of school and who don't have jobs) in adult education programs continue to grow at the Turning Point Educational Center in Brooklyn, New York. These youths can be particularly challenging to teach. They often have negative attitudes toward what they…

  18. RSV Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Syncytial Virus Related tests: Influenza Tests , Pertussis Tests , Strep Test , Mycoplasma At a Glance Test Sample The ... may also order bacterial tests, such as a strep test (to check for group A streptococcus, the ...

  19. 8 CFR 245a.17 - Citizenship skills.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... English and a knowledge and understanding of the history and government of the United States). Unless an... than English is acceptable only if a GED English proficiency test has been passed. (The curriculum for both the high school diploma and the GED must have included at least 40 hours of instruction in...

  20. 8 CFR 245a.17 - Citizenship skills.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... English and a knowledge and understanding of the history and government of the United States). Unless an... than English is acceptable only if a GED English proficiency test has been passed. (The curriculum for both the high school diploma and the GED must have included at least 40 hours of instruction in...

  1. Assessing Adults with Learning Difficulties. NetNews. Volume 8, Number 3, Summer 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LDA of Minnesota, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Ms. K. has attended ABE (Adult Basic Education) classes for almost one year and has had significant difficulty in making progress in reading. She has passed some of the GED tests, but has struggled with others due to having insufficient time to complete them. She currently works as a teacher's aide in a daycare center. Her goal is to pass the GED

  2. Anonymous Credentials Light Foteini Baldimtsi, Anna Lysyanskaya

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    important building block in privacy-minded identity management systems currently under development [42, 35 on a standard Java card, where they achieve an execution time for an RSA exponentiation for a base of 1984 bits applications. Moreover, hardware implementations have high development cost (compared to software

  3. The Credentials of Brain-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the current fashion for brain-based learning, in which value-laden claims about learning are grounded in neurophysiology. It argues that brain science cannot have the authority about learning that some seek to give it. It goes on to discuss whether the claim that brain science is relevant to learning involves a category…

  4. Credentials. One Tool for Retaining Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloomfield, Amie; Foster, John; Hodes, Carol; Konopnicki, Patrick; Pritz, Sandra

    2013-01-01

    Recent studies reported by the U.S. Department of Education reveal that over one million American students drop out of high school annually. While students have different reasons for dropping out of school, two leading factors include lack of interest and lack of educational support. When teachers are prepared to teach and do it using an engaging,…

  5. Online Credentials: A State of Wariness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Jayson W.

    2010-01-01

    As a first-year superintendent, Nick Polyak has yet to conduct a search for a principal to lead one of his four schools in the Illinois Valley Central School District in Chillicothe, Ill. When that opportunity does come, Polyak is quite sure he'll be skeptical of any candidate whose curriculum vitae lists courses or entire degrees completed in…

  6. The transition of the national certification examination from paper and pencil to computer adaptive testing.

    PubMed

    Zaglaniczny, K L

    1996-02-01

    The Council on Certification of Nurse Anesthetists (CCNA) has been exploring computerized adaptive testing (CAT) for the national certification examination (NCE) over the past several years. CCNA representatives have consulted with experts in testing and with individuals from professional associations who use CAT for certification or licensure testing. This article will provide an overview of CAT and discuss how the CCNA plans to implement CAT for the NCE beginning April 8, 1996. A future article that explains the theoretical concepts of CAT will be published in the April 1996 AANA Journal. It is important to note that the NCE will not be a new test, the current content outline and item bank will remain the same. It is only the method of test administration that is changed--from paper and pencil to CAT. Each candidate will answer questions and take a test that is individualized to his or her ability or competence level and meets the specifications of the test outline. All candidates must achieve the same passing score. The implementation of CAT for the NCE will be advantageous for the candidates and provide a more efficient competency assessment. The last paper and pencil examination was administered on December 9, 1995. The transition is a significant event in nurse anesthesia history, just as nurse anesthesia was the first advanced practice nursing specialty to implement the certification credential, the CCNA will be the first to introduce CAT. PMID:8928607

  7. Trypsinogen Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... not producing enough sweat to do a sweat chloride test . A trypsinogen test sometimes is ordered when ... month, CF gene mutation testing , and/or sweat chloride testing. ^ Back to top What does the test ...

  8. Laboratory Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and Medical Procedures In Vitro Diagnostics Lab Tests Laboratory Tests Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing ... certain diseases or conditions. What are lab tests? Laboratory tests are medical procedures that involve testing samples ...

  9. Pinworm test

    MedlinePLUS

    Oxyuriasis test; Enterobiasis test; Tape test ... diagnose this infection is to do a tape test. The best time to do this is in ... to determine if there are eggs. The tape test may need to be done on 3 separate ...

  10. Susceptibility Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Also known as: Sensitivity Testing; Drug Resistance Testing; Culture and Sensitivity; C & S; Antimicrobial Susceptibility Formal name: Bacterial and Fungal Susceptibility Testing Related tests: Urine Culture ; Blood Culture ; Bacterial Wound Culture ; AFB Testing ; MRSA ; ...

  11. A Test of Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepfner, Ralph

    An objective-based classification of needs-assessment areas for elementary education and a critical test evaluation procedure for application to measurement devices in these need areas were developed. Criteria for the evaluation are measurement validity, examinee appropriateness, administrative usability, and normed technical excellence. The…

  12. Complement Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... following articles: Coping with Test Pain, Discomfort, and Anxiety , Tips on Blood Testing , Tips to Help Children through Their Medical Tests , and Tips to Help the Elderly through Their Medical Tests . Another article, Follow That ...

  13. Coombs test

    MedlinePLUS

    Direct antiglobulin test; Indirect antiglobulin test ... No special preparation is necessary for this test. ... There are two types of the Coombs test: Direct Indirect The ... that are stuck to the surface of red blood cells. Many diseases ...

  14. Test Madness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedrick, Wanda B., Ed.

    2007-01-01

    There's accountability and then there's the testing craze an iatrogenic practice that undermines real learning. Hedrick documents the negative effects of testing, giving teachers another weapon in their arsenal against mindless preparation for high-stakes tests.

  15. Myoglobin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Myoglobin Related tests: CK , CK-MB , Troponin , Cardiac Biomarkers At a Glance Test Sample The Test Common ... used? Myoglobin may be ordered as a cardiac biomarker , along with troponin , to help diagnose or rule ...

  16. Troponins Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... T Related tests: CK ; CK-MB ; Myoglobin ; Cardiac Biomarkers All content on Lab Tests Online has been ... tests are sometimes ordered along with other cardiac biomarkers , such as CK–MB or myoglobin . However, troponin ...

  17. VDRL test

    MedlinePLUS

    The VDRL test is a screening test for syphilis. It measures substances, called antibodies, that your body ... come in contact with the bacteria that causes syphilis. This bacteria is called Treponema pallidum. The test ...

  18. Lipase Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... known as: LPS Formal name: Lipase Related tests: Amylase , Trypsin , Trypsinogen At a Glance Test Sample The ... lipase is most often used, along with an amylase test , to help diagnose and monitor acute pancreatitis . ...

  19. Laboratory Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    Laboratory tests check a sample of your blood, urine, or body tissues. A technician or your doctor ... compare your results to results from previous tests. Laboratory tests are often part of a routine checkup ...

  20. Testing Services

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Trace Laboratories is an independent testing laboratory specializing in testing printed circuit boards, automotive products and military hardware. Technical information from NASA Tech Briefs and two subsequent JPL Technical Support packages have assisted Trace in testing surface insulation resistance on printed circuit board materials. Testing time was reduced and customer service was improved because of Jet Propulsion Laboratory technical support packages.

  1. Testing, Tests, and Classroom Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anagnostopoulos, Dorothea

    2005-01-01

    The recent proliferation of testing policies in the US has raised concerns about the consequences of "teaching to the test". Current studies of teaching and testing document patterns of teacher resistance and accommodations to external tests, but often fail to examine how these patterns influence teachers' and students' engagement with curricular…

  2. TORCH Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Was this page helpful? Also known as: TORCH Panel Formal name: TORCH Test Related tests: Toxoplasmosis , Rubella , ... antibodies to the infectious diseases included in the panel, if either the mother or newborn has symptoms. ...

  3. Genomic Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... communities. Individuals can learn more about specific genetic tests by visiting the Web sites listed below or by talking with their ... evidence reports EGAPP Resources EGAPP Working Group Independent Web ... Genetic Tests Recommendations by the EGAPP Working Group Top of ...

  4. Bilirubin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... A ; Hepatitis B ; Hepatitis C ; Complete Blood Count ; Urinalysis ; Direct Antiglobulin Test ; Haptoglobin ; Reticulocyte Count All content ... integrated into common dipstick testing used for routine urinalysis . Bilirubin concentrations tend to be slightly higher in ...

  5. Pharmacogenomic Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... match takes time and money. Pharmacogenomic tests use biomarkers. A biomarker explains how your body will react to a certain drug. There are many biomarkers, and finding the right one for each test ...

  6. AMA Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Liver/Kidney Microsomal Antibody , ALP , ALT , Liver Panel , Smooth Muscle Antibody , ANA At a Glance Test Sample ... Web). Other tests that may be ordered include: Smooth muscle antibodies (SMA) Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) Alkaline phosphatase ( ...

  7. Stool Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC E. Coli Giardiasis Yersiniosis Stool Test: Ova and Parasites (O& ... H. Pylori Antigen Stool Test: Bacteria Culture Diarrhea E. Coli Contact Us Print Additional resources Send to a ...

  8. Prenatal Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Pregnancy Precautions: FAQs Genetic Testing Birth Plans Staying Healthy During Pregnancy Pregnancy & Newborn Center Folic Acid and Pregnancy What Is the Multiple Marker Test? A Week-by-Week Pregnancy Calendar Prenatal ...

  9. Prenatal Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... experts Calculating your due date Ovulation calendar 39 weeks is best Order bereavement materials News Moms Need ... syndrome . You can have this test after 10 weeks of pregnancy. Your provider may recommend the test ...

  10. Tensilon test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... dummy medicine (inactive placebo) is given during this test. The health care provider gives the medicine through one of your ... fainting or breathing failure. This is why the test is done by a health care provider in a medical setting.

  11. Cholesterol Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Cholesterol Related tests: HDL Cholesterol , LDL Cholesterol , Triglycerides , Lipid Profile , Cardiac Risk Assessment All content on Lab ... cholesterol (LDL-C) , and triglycerides — often called a lipid profile . Cholesterol is tested at more frequent intervals ( ...

  12. Genetic Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... But test results might help a person make life decisions, such as family planning or insurance coverage. A genetic counselor can provide information about the pros and cons of testing. NIH: National Human Genome ...

  13. Verification Testing Test Driven Development Testing with JUnit Verification

    E-print Network

    Peters, Dennis

    Verification Testing Test Driven Development Testing with JUnit Verification Any activity should be verified. #12;Verification Testing Test Driven Development Testing with JUnit Approaches to verification 1 Testing 2 Static Analysis · Peer review · Insepction/Walk-through/Structured review · Formal

  14. Schilling test

    MedlinePLUS

    Vitamin B12 absorption test ... This test may be done in four different stages to find the cause of a low vitamin B12 level. ... can absorb vitamin B12. Stage II of the test can tell whether a low vitamin B12 level ...

  15. Analytical testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flannelly, W. G.; Fabunmi, J. A.; Nagy, E. J.

    1981-01-01

    Analytical methods for combining flight acceleration and strain data with shake test mobility data to predict the effects of structural changes on flight vibrations and strains are presented. This integration of structural dynamic analysis with flight performance is referred to as analytical testing. The objective of this methodology is to analytically estimate the results of flight testing contemplated structural changes with minimum flying and change trials. The category of changes to the aircraft includes mass, stiffness, absorbers, isolators, and active suppressors. Examples of applying the analytical testing methodology using flight test and shake test data measured on an AH-1G helicopter are included. The techniques and procedures for vibration testing and modal analysis are also described.

  16. Software testing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Price-Whelan, Adrian M.

    2016-01-01

    Now more than ever, scientific results are dependent on sophisticated software and analysis. Why should we trust code written by others? How do you ensure your own code produces sensible results? How do you make sure it continues to do so as you update, modify, and add functionality? Software testing is an integral part of code validation and writing tests should be a requirement for any software project. I will talk about Python-based tools that make managing and running tests much easier and explore some statistics for projects hosted on GitHub that contain tests.

  17. Performance tests.

    PubMed Central

    Wetherell, A

    1996-01-01

    This paper discusses the use of psychological performance tests to assess the effects of environmental stressors. The large number and the variety of performance tests are illustrated, and the differences between performance tests and other psychological tests are described in terms of their design, construction, use, and purpose. The stressor emphasis is on the effects of drugs since that is where most performance tests have found their main application, although other stressors, e.g., fatigue, toxic chemicals, are mentioned where appropriate. Diazepam is used as an example. There is no particular performance emphasis since the tests are intended to have wide applicability. However, vehicle-driving performance is discussed because it has been the subject of a great deal of research and is probably one of the most important areas of application. Performance tests are discussed in terms of the four main underlying models--factor analysis, general information processing, multiple resource and strategy models, and processing-stage models--and in terms of their psychometric properties--sensitivity, reliability, and content, criterion, construct, and face validity. Some test taxonomies are presented. Standardization is also discussed with reference to the reaction time, mathematical processing, memory search, spatial processing, unstable tracking, verbal processing, and dual task tests used in the AGARD STRES battery. Some comments on measurement strengths and appropriate study designs and methods are included. PMID:9182033

  18. Copper Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... contaminate the sample with an external source of copper. Talk to the health practitioner and/or the laboratory that will perform ... about necessary precautions. If a urine or blood copper test result is higher than expected, the health practitioner may have the test repeated with a ...

  19. Drug Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Legal Memorandum, 1987

    1987-01-01

    A number of legal issues are involved in conducting a drug testing program to determine whether students--and occasionally teachers--are using illegal drugs. Two legal issues have been raised concerning the accuracy of the urinalysis test: whether it is chemically accurate and whether appropriate procedures have been followed to make certain that…

  20. BUN Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Renal Panel , Cystatin C , Urine Albumin and Albumin/Creatinine Ratio , Beta-2 Microglobulin , Urine Protein All content on Lab Tests Online has ... used by the body. The remaining waste forms urine. If the creatinine and BUN tests are found to be abnormal ...

  1. Turing's Test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Copeland, Jack; Proudfoot, Diane

    We set the Turing Test in the historical context of the development of machine intelligence, describe the different forms of the test and its rationale, and counter common misinterpretations and objections. Recently published material by Turing casts fresh light on his thinking.

  2. Crash Test 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    that would affect how a chair should be loaded during testing. The null hypothesis that normal means and obese means for each measure were equal was rejected by using independent samples T-test at alpha = 0.05 with p<.001 significance reported for all...

  3. Strength Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Londeree, Ben R.

    1981-01-01

    Postural deviations resulting from strength and flexibility imbalances include swayback, scoliosis, and rounded shoulders. Screening tests are one method for identifying strength problems. Tests for the evaluation of postural problems are described, and exercises are presented for the strengthening of muscles. (JN)

  4. Test procedures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1978-01-01

    The test procedures required to evaluate the performance of the Space Lab Bus Interface Unit (SL/BIU) are described. This level of testing involves the design evaluation of signal levels, timing, and signal-to-noise (S/N) performance. The tests are to be comprehensive in order to provide data on the operational characteristics of the SL/BIU. The evluation tests are designed to accomplish the following determinations as a minimum for component level testing of the SL/BIU: (1) the baseline operation parameters for comparison to ICD 2-05301 requirements; (2) the influence of serial data line parameter variation on the operation of SL/BIU; (3) the effects of noise on discrete and serial data lines (S/N ratio); and (4) the effects of cable length variation.

  5. Optical testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wyant, James; Hochberg, Eric; Breault, Robert; Greivenkamp, John; Hunt, Gary; Mason, Pete; Mcguire, James; Meinel, Aden; Morris, Mike; Scherr, Larry

    1992-01-01

    Optical testing is one of the most vital elements in the process of preparing an optical instrument for launch. Without well understood, well controlled, and well documented test procedures, current and future mission goals will be jeopardized. We should keep in mind that the reason we test is to provide an opportunity to catch errors, oversights, and problems on the ground, where solutions are possible and difficulties can be rectified. Consequently, it is necessary to create tractable test procedures that truly provide a measure of the performance of all optical elements and systems under conditions which are close to those expected in space. Where testing is not feasible, accurate experiments are required in order to perfect models that can exactly predict the optical performance. As we stretch the boundaries of technology to perform more complex space and planetary investigations, we must expand the technology required to test the optical components and systems which we send into space. As we expand the observational wavelength ranges, so must we expand our range of optical sources and detectors. As we increase resolution and sensitivity, our understanding of optical surfaces to accommodate more stringent figure and scatter requirements must expand. Only with research and development in these areas can we hope to achieve success in the ever increasing demands made on optical testing by the highly sophisticated missions anticipated over the next two decades. Technology assessment and development plan for surface figure, surface roughness, alignment, image quality, radiometric quantities, and stray light measurement are presented.

  6. Test Comparability

    E-print Network

    Keller, Christine; Shulenburger, David E.

    2010-01-01

    stream_size 3106 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Test Comparability ChangeJuly (2).pdf.txt stream_source_info Test Comparability ChangeJuly (2).pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8... KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Test Comparability 2010 by Christine Keller and David Shulenburger This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly Communication and Copyright. Please share...

  7. Patch tests*

    PubMed Central

    Lazzarini, Rosana; Duarte, Ida; Ferreira, Alessandra Lindmayer

    2013-01-01

    Patch tests were introduced as a diagnostic tool in the late nineteenth century. Since then, they have improved considerably becoming what they are today. Patch tests are used in the diagnostic investigation of contact dermatitis worldwide. Batteries or series previously studied and standardized should be used in patch testing. The methodology is simple, but it requires adequate training for the results to be correctly interpreted and used. Despite having been used for over a century, it needs improvement like all other diagnostic techniques in the medical field. PMID:24474094

  8. Sodium Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be limited. Home Visit Global Sites Search Help? Sodium Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also known as: Na Formal name: Sodium Related tests: Chloride , Bicarbonate , Potassium , Electrolytes , Osmolality , Basic ...

  9. Procalcitonin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... who have symptoms that may be due to sepsis . The procalcitonin test has been approved by the ... of critically ill people for progression to severe sepsis and septic shock. For diagnostic purposes, it is ...

  10. PTT Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... PT and INR ; Fibrinogen ; D-dimer ; Thrombin Time ; Lupus Anticoagulant Testing ; ACT ; Coagulation Factors ; Platelet Count ; Heparin ... the blood. To detect nonspecific autoantibodies , such as lupus anticoagulant ; these are associated with clotting episodes and ...

  11. Bernstein test

    MedlinePLUS

    Acid perfusion test ... your nose and into your esophagus. Mild hydrochloric acid will be sent down the tube, followed by ... when the tube is put in place. The acid may cause symptoms of heartburn. Your throat may ...

  12. Test Anxiety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for Parents for Kids for Teens Teens Home Body Mind Sexual Health Food & Fitness Diseases & Conditions Infections Q& ... Like other anxiety reactions, test anxiety affects the body and the mind. When you're under stress, your body releases ...

  13. Iron Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... detect and help diagnose iron deficiency or iron overload. In people with anemia , these tests can help ... also be ordered when iron deficiency or iron overload is suspected. Early iron deficiency often goes unnoticed. ...

  14. Osmolality Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... It is also ordered to help monitor the effectiveness of treatment for any conditions found to be ... testing may be ordered frequently to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for these conditions and at regular ...

  15. VMA Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... is primarily used to detect and rule out neuroblastomas in children with an abdominal mass or other ... homovanillic acid (HVA) test to help diagnose a neuroblastoma, to monitor the effectiveness of treatment, and to ...

  16. Toxoplasma test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Toxoplasma gondii . The parasite causes an infection called toxoplasmosis . The infection is a danger to a developing ... the health care provider suspects that you have toxoplasmosis. In pregnant women, the test is done to: ...

  17. Tested Demonstrations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, George L.

    1990-01-01

    Included are three demonstrations that include the phase change of ice when under pressure, viscoelasticity and colloid systems, and flame tests for metal ions. The materials, procedures, probable results, and applications to real life situations are included. (KR)

  18. Fibrinogen Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... As part of an investigation of a possible bleeding disorder or inappropriate blood clot formation ( thrombotic episode ) As a follow-up to an abnormal bleeding disorder test ( prothrombin time, PT or partial thromboplastin time, ...

  19. Phosphorus Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... page helpful? Also known as: P; PO 4 ; Phosphate Formal name: Inorganic Phosphate Related tests: Calcium ; Electrolytes ; Vitamin D ; PTH ; Magnesium ... Diabetic ketoacidosis (when first seen) Increased dietary intake (phosphate supplementation) ^ Back to top Is there anything else ...

  20. Toxoplasmosis Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    Proceeds from website advertising help sustain Lab Tests Online. AACC is a not-for-profit organization and does not endorse non-AACC products and services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities ...

  1. Lead Test

    MedlinePLUS

    Proceeds from website advertising help sustain Lab Tests Online. AACC is a not-for-profit organization and does not endorse non-AACC products and services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities ...

  2. HIV Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the last time you were tested and answer yes to any of the following questions, you should get an ... you had sex with someone who could answer yes to any of the above questions or someone whose sexual ...

  3. Chlamydia Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that victims of sexual assaults get NAAT testing for both C. trachomatis and ... to verify cases with legal implications, such as sexual assault. Until the legal system changes, only a positive ...

  4. Gonorrhea Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that victims of sexual assaults get NAAT testing for both C. trachomatis and ... to verify cases with legal implications such as sexual assault. Until the legal system changes, only a positive ...

  5. Allergy Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... directed by a healthcare professional with sufficient allergy/immunology training and prompted by your medical history. Types ... testing that the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) believes are not useful, effective or may ...

  6. Calcium Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... as thyroid disease , parathyroid disorder , malabsorption , cancer, or malnutrition An ionized calcium test may be ordered when ... albumin , which can result from liver disease or malnutrition , both of which may result from alcoholism or ...

  7. Prealbumin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... used to help detect and diagnose protein-calorie malnutrition as well as to monitor people receiving total ... be used to assess nutritional status or diagnose malnutrition. However, others believe that the test can be ...

  8. Prenatal Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... all women, such as screenings for gestational diabetes, Down syndrome, and HIV. Other tests might be offered based on your: Age Personal or family health history Ethnic ... or your baby. Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health

  9. Serotonin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be limited. Home Visit Global Sites Search Help? Serotonin Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ... as: 5-Hydroxy Tryptamine; 5-HT Formal name: Serotonin Related tests: 5-HIAA ; Chromogranin A At a ...

  10. Fungal Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... diagnosis is needed, as in cases of persistent, deep, or systemic infections, more extensive testing may be ... mouth (thrush) Vaginal itching and discharge (yeast infection) Deep and systemic fungal infections may cause a variety ...

  11. Triglycerides Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Cholesterol ; LDL Cholesterol ; Direct LDL Cholesterol ; VLDL Cholesterol ; Lipid Profile ; Cardiac Risk Assessment All content on Lab ... tests for triglycerides are usually part of a lipid profile used to identify the risk of developing ...

  12. Testing Composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    A device for testing composites for strength characteristics has been developed by Acoustic Emission Technology Corporation. Called the Model 206AU, the system is lightweight and portable. It is comprised of three sections. The "pulser" section injects ultrasonic waves into the material under test. A receiver picks up the simulated stress waves as they pass through the material and relays the signals to the acoustic emission section, where they are electronically analyzed.

  13. Testing technology

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-10-01

    This bulletin from Sandia National Laboratories presents current research highlights in testing technology. Ion microscopy offers new nondestructive testing technique that detects high resolution invisible defects. An inexpensive thin-film gauge checks detonators on centrifuge. Laser trackers ride the range and track helicopters at low-level flights that could not be detected by radar. Radiation transport software predicts electron/photon effects via cascade simulation. Acoustic research in noise abatement will lead to quieter travelling for Bay Area Rapid Transport (BART) commuters.

  14. Evaluation and Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Testing Electromyography (EMG) Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Test Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) Autonomic Testing Quantitative Sudomotor Axon Reflex Test (QSART) Nerve / Skin / Muscle / ...

  15. Porphyrin Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities PLEASE NOTE: Your web browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Unless you enable Javascript , your ability to navigate and access the features of this website will be ... Porphyrin Tests Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ...

  16. Rubella Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities PLEASE NOTE: Your web browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Unless you enable Javascript , your ability to navigate and access the features of this website will be limited. ... Rubella Test Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ...

  17. Mono Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities PLEASE NOTE: Your web browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Unless you enable Javascript , your ability to navigate and access the features of this website will be limited. ... Mono Test Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ...

  18. Glucose Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities PLEASE NOTE: Your web browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Unless you enable Javascript , your ability to navigate and access the features of this website will be ... Glucose Tests Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ...

  19. Syphilis Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities PLEASE NOTE: Your web browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Unless you enable Javascript , your ability to navigate and access the features of this website will be ... Syphilis Tests Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ...

  20. Sweat Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities PLEASE NOTE: Your web browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Unless you enable Javascript , your ability to navigate and access the features of this website will be limited. ... Sweat Test Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ...

  1. Pertussis Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities PLEASE NOTE: Your web browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Unless you enable Javascript , your ability to navigate and access the features of this website will be ... Pertussis Tests Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ...

  2. Pregnancy Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the hCG. hCG is made when a fertilized egg implants in the uterus. This usually happens about ... conception (when the man’s sperm fertilizes the woman’s egg). 1 Some home pregnancy tests are more sensitive ...

  3. TSH test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... range from 0.4 - 4.0 milli-international units per liter (mIU/L). Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your doctor about the ...

  4. Verifying Test Hypotheses -HOL/TestGen Verifying Test Hypotheses -HOL/TestGen

    E-print Network

    Verifying Test Hypotheses - HOL/TestGen Verifying Test Hypotheses - HOL/TestGen An Experiment in Test and Proof Thomas Malcher January 20, 2014 1 / 20 #12;Verifying Test Hypotheses - HOL/TestGen HOL/TestGen Outline Introduction Test Hypotheses HOL/TestGen - Demo Verifying Test Hypotheses Conclusion 2 / 20 #12

  5. Microgrid Testing

    SciTech Connect

    Shirazi, M.; Kroposki, B.

    2012-01-01

    With the publication of IEEE 1574.4 Guide for Design, Operation, and Integration of Distributed Resource Island Systems with Electric Power Systems, there is an increasing amount of attention on not only the design and operations of microgrids, but also on the proper operation and testing of these systems. This standard provides alternative approaches and good practices for the design, operation, and integration of microgrids. This includes the ability to separate from and reconnect to part of the utility grid while providing power to the islanded power system. This presentation addresses the industry need to develop standardized testing and evaluation procedures for microgrids in order to assure quality operation in the grid connected and islanded modes of operation.

  6. Earthquake Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    During NASA's Apollo program, it was necessary to subject the mammoth Saturn V launch vehicle to extremely forceful vibrations to assure the moonbooster's structural integrity in flight. Marshall Space Flight Center assigned vibration testing to a contractor, the Scientific Services and Systems Group of Wyle Laboratories, Norco, California. Wyle-3S, as the group is known, built a large facility at Huntsville, Alabama, and equipped it with an enormously forceful shock and vibration system to simulate the liftoff stresses the Saturn V would encounter. Saturn V is no longer in service, but Wyle-3S has found spinoff utility for its vibration facility. It is now being used to simulate earthquake effects on various kinds of equipment, principally equipment intended for use in nuclear power generation. Government regulations require that such equipment demonstrate its ability to survive earthquake conditions. In upper left photo, Wyle3S is preparing to conduct an earthquake test on a 25ton diesel generator built by Atlas Polar Company, Ltd., Toronto, Canada, for emergency use in a Canadian nuclear power plant. Being readied for test in the lower left photo is a large circuit breaker to be used by Duke Power Company, Charlotte, North Carolina. Electro-hydraulic and electro-dynamic shakers in and around the pit simulate earthquake forces.

  7. Pediatric Residents' Learning Styles and Temperaments and Their Relationships to Standardized Test Scores

    PubMed Central

    Tuli, Sanjeev Y.; Thompson, Lindsay A.; Saliba, Heidi; Black, Erik W.; Ryan, Kathleen A.; Kelly, Maria N.; Novak, Maureen; Mellott, Jane; Tuli, Sonal S.

    2011-01-01

    Background Board certification is an important professional qualification and a prerequisite for credentialing, and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) assesses board certification rates as a component of residency program effectiveness. To date, research has shown that preresidency measures, including National Board of Medical Examiners scores, Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society membership, or medical school grades poorly predict postresidency board examination scores. However, learning styles and temperament have been identified as factors that 5 affect test-taking performance. The purpose of this study is to characterize the learning styles and temperaments of pediatric residents and to evaluate their relationships to yearly in-service and postresidency board examination scores. Methods This cross-sectional study analyzed the learning styles and temperaments of current and past pediatric residents by administration of 3 validated tools: the Kolb Learning Style Inventory, the Keirsey Temperament Sorter, and the Felder-Silverman Learning Style test. These results were compared with known, normative, general and medical population data and evaluated for correlation to in-service examination and postresidency board examination scores. Results The predominant learning style for pediatric residents was converging 44% (33 of 75 residents) and the predominant temperament was guardian 61% (34 of 56 residents). The learning style and temperament distribution of the residents was significantly different from published population data (P ?=? .002 and .04, respectively). Learning styles, with one exception, were found to be unrelated to standardized test scores. Conclusions The predominant learning style and temperament of pediatric residents is significantly different than that of the populations of general and medical trainees. However, learning styles and temperament do not predict outcomes on standardized in-service and board examinations in pediatric residents. PMID:23205211

  8. Nuclear stress test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Persantine stress test; Thallium stress test; Stress test - nuclear; Adenosine stress test; Regadenoson stress test ... had a heart attack The results of a nuclear stress test can help your doctor: Determine how ...

  9. Screening Tests for Women

    MedlinePLUS

    ... or colonoscopy) Diabetes screening Gonorrhea test HIV test Syphilis test Get tested for chlamydia yearly through age ... to be tested for HIV. Get tested for syphilis if you are at increased risk or pregnant. ...

  10. Mononucleosis spot test

    MedlinePLUS

    Monospot test; Heterophile antibody test; Heterophile agglutination test; Paul-Bunnell test; Forssman antibody test ... The mononucleosis spot test is done when symptoms of mononucleosis are ... Fatigue Fever Large spleen (possibly) Sore throat Tender ...

  11. A1C test

    MedlinePLUS

    HbA1C test; Glycated hemoglobin test; Glycosylated hemoglobin test; Hemoglobin glycosylated test; Glycohemoglobin test ... have recently eaten does not affect the A1C test, so you do not need to fast to ...

  12. Testing with JUnit Testing with JUnit

    E-print Network

    Peters, Dennis

    Testing with JUnit Testing with JUnit Running a test case: 1 Get the component to a known state (set up). 2 Cause some event (the test case). 3 Check the behaviour. · Record pass/fail · Track statistics · Typically we want to do a lot of test cases so it makes sense to automate. · Test cases

  13. Performance Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    Systems Technology, Inc., Hawthorne, CA, developed an electronic Critical Tracking Task (CTT) system that analyzes and rates a subject's visual/motor responses for Ames Research Center. Originally applied to measuring the effects of long term confinement in the mid 1960's, the CTT system is now marketed as FACTOR 1000 by Performance Factors, Inc. Alameda, CA, under a licensing agreement with Systems Technology. The system is a non-invasive, self-administered test that takes less than a minute and detects impairment from a broad range of causes, including stress, fatigue, illness, drugs, or alcohol. It is used daily by Old Town Trolley Tours, San Diego, CA, to assess each driver's physical coordination skills prior to the start of each shift. FACTOR 1000 reduces liabilities and costs related to accidents, and costs less than one dollar per day per employee. Performance Factors is now BioFactors, Inc.

  14. ABE/GED Instruction of High School Dropouts. "353" Special Demonstration Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norwood, Dianne

    One hundred individuals who dropped out of high school in Lawrence County, Alabama, during the 1986-87 school year were studied in order to help formulate ways schools could prevent students from dropping out and ideas on how to create advertising about available adult education to which such dropouts would be receptive. A former in-home adult…

  15. Persistence among Adult Basic Education Students in Pre-GED Classes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comings, John P.; Parrella, Andrea; Soricone, Lisa

    The first phase of a persistence study used research as a tool to develop advice for practitioners on how to help adults persist in their studies. The study team defined persistence as adults who stay in programs for as long as they can, engage in self-directed study when they must drop out of their programs, and return to programs as soon as the…

  16. Basic Skills, Preparation for the GED, and English as a Second Language. Workplace Literacy Quarterly Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prince George's County Board of Education, Upper Marlboro, MD.

    Since September 1988, the Prince George's County (Maryland) Board of Education and the area's Private Industry Council have worked together to provide literacy-enhancing classes at worksites for persons in the county whose jobs represent 15 different employers. These employers have recognized the problems of workers with poor literacy and…

  17. Lived Experiences of Hispanic Mathematics Students in a General Educational Development (GED) Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raitano, Amanda Lynn

    2013-01-01

    The Rhode Island Department of Education determined that 56% of high school juniors in public schools are not meeting mathematics performance standards. If a student is not proficient in school, then his or her ability and desire to continue education are diminished, raising the chances of drop out. Hispanic students have the highest dropout rate…

  18. Alcohol Use and Antisocial Behavior in Late Adolescence: Characteristics of a Sample Attending a GED Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owens, Meredith Reesman; Bergman, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    This study examined peer deviance, disinhibition, and ADHD symptoms as differential predictors of alcohol use, alcohol use disorder symptoms, and antisocial behavior. It was hypothesized that peer deviance would most strongly predict alcohol use while disinhibition and ADHD would predict alcohol use disorder symptoms and antisocial behavior.…

  19. Beyond the GED: Promising Models for Moving High School Dropouts to College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutschow, Elizabeth Zachry; Crary-Ross, Shane

    2014-01-01

    As globalization and technological change remake the labor market, it has become increasingly clear that the United States must create better educational and workforce training programs if we are to remain competitive. In order to help disadvantaged and low-skilled workers advance in the new labor market, educational opportunities are needed that…

  20. APU diaphragm testing. Test plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shelley, Richard

    1992-01-01

    Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) fuel (hydrazine) tanks have had to be removed from the Columbia Shuttle (OV-102) because they have been in service for 11 years, which is the limit of their useful life. As part of an effort to determine whether the useful life of the fuel tanks can be extended, examination of the ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) diaphragm and the metal from one of the APU tanks is required. The JSC Propulsion and Power Division has requested White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) to examine the EPR diaphragm thoroughly and the metal casing generally from one tank. The objective is to examine the EPR diaphragm for signs of degradation that may limit the life of its function in the APU propellant tank. The metal casing will also be examined for signs of surface corrosion.

  1. Doing Good and Doing Well: Credentialism and Teach for America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maier, Adam

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, Teach for America (TFA) has placed thousands of high-achieving college graduates in hard-to-staff schools, and its popularity continues to grow. TFA thus represents an anomaly: it attracts higher education's top students to primary and secondary education's least desired jobs. This article reviews the current explanations for…

  2. Statement of James E. Hansen 1. Identification, Credentials

    E-print Network

    Hansen, James E.

    in London, so how in the world can we predict the effect of human-made greenhouse gases in 50 years in the amount of long-lived atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHGs), such as carbon dioxide (CO2), is also a climate property of our atmosphere and ocean. The atmosphere and ocean are fluids in continuous motion, driven

  3. Credentials, Curriculum, and Access: The Debate Over Nurse Preparation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karp, Melinda Mechur; Jacobs, James; Hughes, Katherine L.

    The question of how to best prepare nurses for practice continues to be debated extensively. The crux of the debate is whether a bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) should be required of all registered nurses in the United States or whether an associate degree in nursing (ADN) and diploma programs adequately prepare novice nurses for practice.…

  4. Anonymous Credentials on Java Card Patrik Bichsel1

    E-print Network

    Shoup, Victor

    identification is inappropriate, attribute- based authentication highly desired, and suitable privacy protection in the context of attribute-based authentica- tion carries the need for strong privacy protection further than only by defined interfaces such as RSA encryption operations. Still, we present the first practical

  5. IT Operational Oversight Committee Access Credentials 1/8/2015

    E-print Network

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    . Nebraska 90 and 365 day resets, passphrase (15 characters) and in some cases 8 characters, 2f deployments for privileged access Illinois Reset 365 days 3) Recommendation(s) & Action Items ­ Based on the level of risk. Through August of this year, the CSC has resolved nearly 6,000 password reset requests. The number

  6. Credentials versus Performance: Review of the Teacher Performance Pay Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Podgursky, Michael; Springer, Matthew G.

    2007-01-01

    In this article we examine the economic case for merit or performance-based pay for K-12 teachers. We review several areas of germane research. The direct evaluation literature on these incentive plans is slender; highly diverse in terms of methodology, targeted populations, and programs evaluated; and primarily focused on short-run motivational…

  7. Anatomists Debate the Value of a Teaching Credential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rizzolo, Lawrence J.; Drake, Richard L.

    2008-01-01

    Fewer and fewer programs are training graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in the classical anatomical disciplines. Nonetheless, there remains a need at all levels of clinical and basic science education for skilled instructors of anatomy, histology, and embryology. Two sessions at the 2006 annual meeting of the American Association of…

  8. 32 CFR 767.6 - Credentials of principal investigator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... American historic archaeology and maritime history; the demonstrated ability to carry research to...: a graduate degree in archeology, anthropology, maritime history, or a closely related field;...

  9. Challenges of Recruiting Candidates with Strong Academic Credentials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denton, Jon; Davis, Trina

    2007-01-01

    A major challenge to improving science education lies in the shortage of qualified science teachers. A potential solution to this challenge consists of directing the energy and talent of graduate students and postdoctoral scientists to reinvigorate science education in schools. This requires creating new, more accessible pathways for science…

  10. When Pursuing a Professorship, the Key Is Your Credentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeSpain, B. C.

    2000-01-01

    Research suggests that professors of educational-leadership who come to university classrooms with broad public school administration experience are perceived by graduate students as more effective in teaching courses in school law, finance, and leadership theory. Retiring superintendents are advised about pursuing college teaching opportunities.…

  11. The Impact of Teacher Credentials on ADHD Stigma Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Lindsay; Long, Susanne; Garvan, Cynthia; Bussing, Regina

    2011-01-01

    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. It is associated with high levels of stigma, which may lead to treatment barriers, self-fulfilling prophecies, and social rejection. This study established the reliability of the ADHD Stigma Questionnaire…

  12. A Secure Channel for Attribute-Based Credentials [Short Paper

    E-print Network

    Hoepman, Jaap-Henk

    Research (NWO), and the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs. Permission to make digital or hard copies attributes are sufficient to be revealed (e.g.,"over 18" for buying alcoholic drinks). Traditionally

  13. Localization of Credential Information to Address Increasingly Inevitable Data Breaches

    E-print Network

    Van Oorschot, Paul

    such as Social Security numbers (SSN) or finan- cial information such as credit card numbers" [16]. Data breaches now includes SSN, drivers' licenses, dates-of-birth, and bank account numbers. Aside from privacy, date of birth, SSN, driver's license number) can be bought for only $1-15. One primary reason

  14. Research Administrator Salary: Association with Education, Experience, Credentials and Gender

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shambrook, Jennifer; Roberts, Thomas J.; Triscari, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The 2010 Research Administrators Stress Perception Survey (2010 RASPerS) collected data from 1,131 research administrators on salary, years experience, educational level, Certified Research Administrator (CRA) status, and gender. Using these data, comparisons were made to show how salary levels are associated with each of these variables. Using…

  15. Test and Test Equipment Joshua Lottich

    E-print Network

    Patel, Chintan

    Test and Test Equipment Joshua Lottich CMPE 640 11/23/05 #12;Testing Verifies that manufactured chip meets design specifications. Cannot test for every potential defect. Modeling defects as faults allows for passing and failing of chips. Ideal test would capture all defects and pass only chips

  16. Fecal Fat: The Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Absorption Test , Celiac Disease Antibody Tests , Comprehensive Metabolic Panel , Complete Blood Count , Fecal Occult Blood Test and ... Trypsin and Chymotrypsin , Trypsinogen , Sweat Test , CF Mutation Panel , Fecal Elastase All content on Lab Tests Online ...

  17. Glucose urine test

    MedlinePLUS

    Urine sugar test; Urine glucose test; Glucosuria test; Glycosuria test ... After you provide a urine sample, it is tested right away. The health care provider uses a dipstick made with a color-sensitive pad. The ...

  18. Stool guaiac test

    MedlinePLUS

    Guaiac smear test; Fecal occult blood test -- guaiac smear; Stool occult blood test -- guaiac smear ... This test detects blood in the digestive tract. It may be done if: You are being screened or tested for colon cancer You ...

  19. Turbine blade testing methods

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    Testing procedures which could be used to model test turbine blades are developed. The methods studied were methods which used and extended current modal testing procedures. An acoustical impacting testing method was perfected for testing small turbine blades.

  20. Blood Test: Testosterone

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Blood Test: Estradiol Male Reproductive System Blood Test: Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Blood Test: ... Getting a Blood Test (Video) Blood Test (Video) Male Reproductive System Contact Us Print Additional resources Send to a ...

  1. Directory of Medical Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... variety of illnesses or signs of infection. Blood chemistry test. Basic blood chemistry tests measure the levels of certain electrolytes, such ... Test: Complete Blood Count Urine Tests Basic Blood Chemistry Tests Helping Kids Deal With Injections and Blood ...

  2. 21 CFR 660.54 - Potency tests, specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for nonspecific...specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for nonspecific...Specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for...

  3. 21 CFR 660.54 - Potency tests, specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for nonspecific...specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for nonspecific...Specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for...

  4. 21 CFR 660.54 - Potency tests, specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for nonspecific...specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for nonspecific...Specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for...

  5. 21 CFR 660.54 - Potency tests, specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for nonspecific...specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for nonspecific...Specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for...

  6. 21 CFR 660.54 - Potency tests, specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for nonspecific...specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for nonspecific...Specificity tests, tests for heterospecific antibodies, and additional tests for...

  7. Tests, Testing, and Genuine School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walberg, Herbert J., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The pressing need to improve achievement in American schools is widely recognized. In "Tests, Testing, and Genuine School Reform," Herbert J. Walberg draws on scientific studies of tests and their uses to inform citizens, educators, and policy makers about well-established principles of testing, current problems, and promising evidence-based…

  8. CMVO Drug Testing Program Reasonable Suspicion Testing

    E-print Network

    Sin, Peter

    CMVO Drug Testing Program Reasonable Suspicion Testing CMVO Revised Suspicion Form (Revised 6/08) Guidelines for Reasonable Suspicion Drug and Alcohol Testing: A supervisor, trained in accordance with 49 CFR involved in an incident that requires drug/alcohol testing as set forth in 382.307. Remember: Reasonable

  9. Orion Flight Test Exploration Flight Test-1

    E-print Network

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration #12;#12;Orion Flight Test December 2014 Contents Section Page, Exploration Flight Test-1, Orion will test systems critical to crew safety as it travels farther into space, the space environment cannot be replicated completely on Earth, and Exploration Flight Test-1 will provide

  10. Language in Education: Testing the Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oller, John W., Jr.; Perkins, Kyle

    This book addresses the question of what tests are measures of. Intelligence, achievement, and personality tests not based on empirical investigation have questionable validity. Some researchers now suspect that almost all tests given to students in all subjects, as well as general tests of intelligence and personality, are essentially language…

  11. Home Use Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & ... Home use tests allow you to test for some diseases or conditions at home. These tests are cost-effective, quick, and confidential. Home use tests can ...

  12. Tests for Reproductive Health

    MedlinePLUS

    ... HSV (genital herpes) test Pap test (Pap smear) Syphilis test Urinalysis and urine culture Vaginal yeast infection ... to a lab for testing. Or, if a syphilis sore is present, fluid from the sore can ...

  13. Helicobacter pylori Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... using a procedure called endoscopy. Tests include: Without Endoscopy Stool/fecal antigen test Detects the presence of ... confirmed using stool antigen or breath test. With Endoscopy: tissue biopsy sample obtained; good tests but less ...

  14. Pulmonary Function Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... test. 4 If you have difficulty with closed spaces (claustrophobia), let the test center know in case one of the tests involves being enclosed 4 Ask if there are any medicines you should stop taking before being tested and ...

  15. Visual acuity test

    MedlinePLUS

    Eye test -- acuity; Vision test -- acuity; Snellen test ... from your face. This will test your near vision. ... examination, particularly if there is a change in vision or a problem with vision. In children, the ...

  16. Genetic Testing (For Parents)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Kids Deal With Bullies Pregnant? What to Expect Genetic Testing KidsHealth > Parents > Doctors & Hospitals > Medical Tests & Exams > ... blood, skin, bone, or other tissue is needed. Genetic Testing During Pregnancy For genetic testing before birth, ...

  17. Sweat electrolytes test

    MedlinePLUS

    Sweat test; Sweat chloride; Iontophoretic sweat test ... No special steps are needed before this test. ... The test is not painful. Some people have a tingling feeling at the site of the electrode. This feeling ...

  18. Lactose tolerance tests

    MedlinePLUS

    Hydrogen breath test for lactose tolerance ... Two common methods include: Lactose tolerance blood test Hydrogen breath test The hydrogen breath test is the preferred method. It measures the amount of hydrogen in the air you breathe out. ...

  19. Testing dynamically reconfigurable FPGAs 

    E-print Network

    Ruiwale, Sameer Jagadish

    1998-01-01

    In this work, testing methods are proposed to test the ics. logic resources and the interconnect structure of dynamically reconfigurable FPGAS. Testing methods are also proposed for testing the dedicated CPU interface in these FPGAS. A BIST...

  20. Allergy testing - skin

    MedlinePLUS

    Patch tests - allergy; Scratch tests - allergy; Skin tests - allergy; RAST test ... There are three common methods of allergy skin testing. The skin prick test involves: Placing a small amount of substances that may be causing your symptoms on the skin, most often ...

  1. Genetic Testing Fact Sheet

    Cancer.gov

    Discusses genetic testing for inherited cancer risk, including types of tests, who should consider testing, how to understand test results, and who has access to a person’s test results. Also contains information about at-home or direct-to-consumer tests.

  2. Unit Testing Discussion C

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Unit Testing Discussion C #12;Unit Test public Method is smallest unit of code Input/output transformation Test if the method does what it claims Not exactly black box testing #12;Test if (actual result Expected Computed Input #12;Functionality Computation ­ Easy to test Time based Asynchronous interaction

  3. Testing the limits of testing effects using completion tests.

    PubMed

    Hinze, Scott R; Wiley, Jennifer

    2011-04-01

    Recent work on testing effects has shown that retrieval practice can facilitate memory even for complex prose materials (Roediger & Karpicke, 2006a, 2006b). In three experiments the current study explores the effectiveness of retrieval practice on fill-in-the-blank (FITB) tests requiring the recall of specific words or phrases from a text. Final tests included both repeated items that were directly taken from initial tests, and related items. In Experiment 1, with a 2-day delay between initial and final tests, FITB testing benefited performance only on repeated items. In Experiment 2 a 7-day delay between testing sessions led to more robust effects on repeated items. However, once again no benefits were seen for related items. In Experiment 3 the scope of retrieval was varied by comparing FITB tests to paragraph recall tests requiring retrieval of all sentences following a topic sentence. Only the more open-ended recall practice demonstrated improvements in transfer to novel questions. The results suggest that scope or type of processing required during retrieval practice is likely a critical factor in whether testing will have specific or robust benefits. PMID:21500089

  4. Testing Library Specifications by Verifying Conformance Tests

    E-print Network

    Zimmerman, Daniel M.

    Testing Library Specifications by Verifying Conformance Tests Joseph R. Kiniry1 , Daniel M. Formal specifications of standard libraries are necessary when statically verifying software that uses those libraries. Library specifica- tions must be both correct, accurately reflecting library behavior

  5. Transient Pressure Test Article test program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vibbart, Charles M.

    1988-01-01

    The Transient Pressure Test Article test program being conducted at NASA-Marshall is described. The main goal of the TPTA test program is to provide data to verify the sealing capability of the redesigned SRM field joints, the nozzle-to-case joint, and the igniter joint. The TPTA test program can be used to demonstrate the assembly/disassembly and reusability of the redesigned joints along with the adequacy of assembly/disassembly tooling, procedures, and inspections.

  6. The Stimulus test stand

    SciTech Connect

    Christofek, L.; Rapidis, P.; Reinhard, A.; /Fermilab

    2005-06-01

    The Stimulus Test Stand was originally constructed and assembled for testing the SVX2 ASIC readout and then upgraded for SVX3 ASIC prototyping and testing. We have modified this system for SVX4 ASIC [1] prototype testing. We described the individual components below. Additional details for other hardware for SVX4 testing can be found in reference [2]. We provide a description of the Stimulus Test Stand used for prototype testing of the SVX4 chip.

  7. Satellite battery testing status

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haag, R.; Hall, S.

    1986-01-01

    Because of the large numbers of satellite cells currently being tested and anticipated at the Naval Weapons Support Center (NAVWPNSUPPCEN) Crane, Indiana, satellite cell testing is being integrated into the Battery Test Automation Project (BTAP). The BTAP, designed to meet the growing needs for battery testing at the NAVWPNSUPPCEN Crane, will consist of several Automated Test Stations (ATSs) which monitor batteries under test. Each ATS will interface with an Automation Network Controller (ANC) which will collect test data for reduction.

  8. From Test Takers to Test Makers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Kari

    2009-01-01

    As a classroom teacher, Kari Smith realized that traditional objective tests don't always assess what students actually know. But tests are so deeply embedded in the education system that it would be difficult to do away with them entirely. Smith decided to make tests into learning tools. In this article, Smith describes three strategies for…

  9. Criteria for structural test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    The results of a study to define criteria and techniques of design, analysis and test which permit the use of a single major structural test article for performing dynamic, fatigue, and static testing are presented. The criteria developed is applicable to both space vehicles and aircraft structures operating in the subsonic or supersonic regime. The feasibility of such an approach was demonstrated by defining test interactions, compatibilities and incompatibilities between the three different types of tests. The results of the study indicate that the single test article concept is feasible with a testing sequence of dynamic test followed by a fatigue and static test.

  10. Pyrovalve Blowby Tests

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saulsberry, Regor; Keddy, Christopher P.; Julien, Howard L.

    2003-01-01

    The NASA White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) was requested to perform pyrovalve blowby tests in support of the Mars Observer Propulsion and Corrective Actions Test Program. Fifty-three tests were conducted in an attempt to characterize the blowby of commercial pyrovalves. Those pyrovalves used on NASA spacecraft are well represented, and the test data reported provide a basis for evaluating the performance of similar valves in other propulsion systems. The three test series conducted are subsequently described. All testing was done in the same test facility, with periodic changes that enhanced the test methodology.

  11. Longitudinal Multistage Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pohl, Steffi

    2013-01-01

    This article introduces longitudinal multistage testing (lMST), a special form of multistage testing (MST), as a method for adaptive testing in longitudinal large-scale studies. In lMST designs, test forms of different difficulty levels are used, whereas the values on a pretest determine the routing to these test forms. Since lMST allows for…

  12. Test vs. simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wood, Charles C.

    1991-01-01

    The following topics are presented in tabular form: (1) simulation capability assessments (no propulsion system test); (2) advanced vehicle simulation capability assessment; (3) systems tests identified events; (4) main propulsion test article (MPTA) testing evaluation; (5) Saturn 5, 1B, and 1 testing evaluation. Special vehicle simulation issues that are propulsion related are briefly addressed.

  13. Get Tested for HIV

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Submit Home > HIV/AIDS > Get tested for HIV HIV/AIDS This information in Spanish ( en español ) Get tested for HIV When should I get tested for HIV? Types ... to top More information on Get tested for HIV Explore other publications and websites HIV Anonymous Testing, ...

  14. CO2 blood test

    MedlinePLUS

    Bicarbonate test; HCO3-; Carbon dioxide test; TCO2; Total CO2; CO2 test - serum ... Many medicines can interfere with blood test results. Your health care provider will tell you if you need to stop taking any medicines before you have this test. DO ...

  15. Mental status testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... being tested cannot read or write, tell the health care provider before the test. If your child is having the test, it ... test is scored from 0 to 30. The test is also divided into sections, ... which part of someone's thinking and memory may be affected.

  16. Transient Pressure Test Article (TPTA) Test Firing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) successfully test fired the third in a series of Transient Pressure Test Articles (TPTA) in its east test area. The test article was a short-stack solid rocket motor 52-feet long and 12-feet in diameter. The TPTA tests were designed to evaluate the effects of temperature, pressure and external loads encountered by the SRM, primarily during ignition transients. Instrumentation on the motor recorded approximately 1,000 charnels of data to verify the structural performance, thermal response, sealing capability of the redesign field, and case-to-nozzle joints. The TPTA test stand, 14-feet wide by 26-feet long by 33-feet high, was built in 1987. The TPTA series was a joint effort among Morton Thiokol, Inc., United Space Boosters, Inc., Wyle Laboratories, and MSFC. Wyle Laboratories conducted the tests for the MSFC, which manages the redesigned SRM program for NASA.

  17. Allergy Testing for Children

    MedlinePLUS

    ... very few indications for intradermal skin testing for food allergy. Blood Tests (Specific IgE) If you have a ... test is usually done with possible medication or food allergies . A physician, usually an allergist, should supervise this ...

  18. Screening Tests for Women

    MedlinePLUS

    ... All people should know their HIV status. This Web page from womenshealth.gov talks about how to get tested for HIV, types of HIV tests, and confidential versus anonymous testing. Gonorrhea Fact Sheet - ...

  19. Estradiol blood test

    MedlinePLUS

    E2 test ... temporarily stop taking certain medicines that may affect test results. Be sure to tell your provider about ... helps prevent sperm from dying too early. This test may be ordered to check: How well your ...

  20. Sickle cell test

    MedlinePLUS

    Sickledex; Hgb S test ... This test is done to tell if a person has abnormal hemoglobin that causes sickle cell disease and sickle ... and no symptoms, or only mild ones. This test does not tell the difference between these two ...

  1. Stomach acid test

    MedlinePLUS

    Gastric acid secretion test ... The test is done after you have not eaten for a while so fluid is all that remains in ... injected into your body. This is done to test the ability of the cells in the stomach ...

  2. Lyme disease blood test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to the bacterium that causes Lyme disease . The test is used to help diagnose Lyme disease. ... Western blot test can confirm the diagnosis of Lyme disease. For many people, the ELISA test remains positive, even after they have been treated ...

  3. ALP (Alkaline Phosphatase) Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Formal name: Alkaline Phosphatase Related tests: AST ; ALT ; GGT ; Bilirubin ; Liver Panel ; Bone Markers ; Alkaline Phosphatase Isoenzymes; ... may be done to determine the cause. A GGT test and/or a test for 5'-nucleotidase ...

  4. Vasoactive intestinal peptide test

    MedlinePLUS

    Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide test ... or drink anything for 4 hours before the test. ... This test is used to confirm the presence of a VIPoma , a tumor that releases VIP. VIPoma's are extremely ...

  5. Tips on Blood Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... also includes Coping with Test Pain, Discomfort, and Anxiety ; Tips to Help Children through Their Medical Tests ; and Tips to Help the Elderly through Their Medical Tests . Sources used in the ...

  6. Blood Test: Estradiol

    MedlinePLUS

    ... levels of estradiol, which are produced by the testes and adrenal glands. In young girls, estradiol levels ... to check for damage or disease of the testes, ovaries, or adrenal glands. Testing estradiol levels also ...

  7. Testing for HIV

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Safety & Availability (Biologics) HIV Home Test Kits Testing for HIV Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it ... for HIV? A complete list of the HIV test kits approved in the U.S. is available on our ...

  8. Ovulation home test

    MedlinePLUS

    Ovulation prediction test kits usually come with five to seven sticks. You may need to test for several days to detect a ... false positive results can occur. This means the test kit may falsely predict ovulation.

  9. Vitamin A Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be limited. Home Visit Global Sites Search Help? Vitamin A Share this page: Was this page helpful? ... Related tests: Complete Blood Count , Comprehensive Metabolic Panel , Vitamin B12 and Folate , Vitamin D Tests , Iron Tests , ...

  10. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to normal patterns. Alpha-1 antitrypsin genotype testing ( DNA testing) can be used to establish which SERPINA1 gene ... type (MM) gene and produce sufficient AAT. When DNA testing indicates the presence of one or two abnormal ...

  11. Reimbursement for Genetic Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... want to learn. Search form Search Reimbursement for Genetic Testing You are here Home Testing & Services Testing ... insurance coverage and reimbursement process. Twitter YouTube RSS Genetics and Health How Genes Work Genes, Lifestyle, & Environment ...

  12. CompareTests

    Cancer.gov

    CompareTests is an R package to estimate agreement and diagnostic accuracy statistics for two diagnostic tests when one is conducted on only a subsample of specimens. A standard test is observed on all specimens.

  13. Dexamethasone suppression test

    MedlinePLUS

    DST; ACTH suppression test; Cortisol suppression test ... During this test, you will receive dexamethasone. This is a strong man-made (synthetic) glucocorticoid medication. Afterward, your blood is drawn ...

  14. Creatine phosphokinase test

    MedlinePLUS

    CPK test ... vein. The procedure is called a venipuncture . This test may be repeated over 2 or 3 days ... helps determine which tissue has been damaged. This test may be used to: Diagnose heart attack Evaluate ...

  15. ALP isoenzyme test

    MedlinePLUS

    Alkaline phosphatase isoenzyme test ... anything for 10 to 12 hours before the test, unless your doctor tells you to do so. Many medicines can interfere with blood test results. Your health care provider will tell you ...

  16. PBG urine test

    MedlinePLUS

    Porphobilinogen test ... temporarily stop taking medicines that may affect the test results. Be sure to tell your provider about ... This test involves only normal urination, and there is no discomfort.

  17. Breath alcohol test

    MedlinePLUS

    Alcohol test - breath ... There are various brands of breath alcohol tests. Each one uses a different method to test the level of alcohol in the breath. The machine may be electronic or manual. One ...

  18. Anthrax - blood test

    MedlinePLUS

    Anthrax serology test; Antibody test for anthrax; Serologic test for B. anthracis ... A normal result means no antibodies to the anthrax bacteria was seen in your blood sample. However, during the early stages of infection, your body may only ...

  19. Directed random testing

    E-print Network

    Pacheco, Carlos, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    Random testing can quickly generate many tests, is easy to implement, scales to large software applications, and reveals software errors. But it tends to generate many tests that are illegal or that exercise the same parts ...

  20. Tests Related to Pregnancy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... testing also happens before you are pregnant, but embryos are tested instead of the parents. Eggs from ... called in-vitro fertilization, or IVF. The resulting embryos are then tested for increased risk of genetic ...

  1. Hepatitis B Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... IgM; anti-HBe; Hepatitis B e Antibody; HBV DNA Formal name: Hepatitis B Virus Testing Related tests: ... produced by the virus, and others detect viral DNA . The main uses for HBV tests include: To ...

  2. Dengue Fever Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... that can affect the interpretation of diagnostic results. Molecular testing ( polymerase chain reaction, PCR )—this type of ... to develop or symptoms due to another cause Molecular testing —a PCR test that detects the presence ...

  3. Pap and HPV Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... test that looks specifically for HPV-16 and HPV-18, the two HPV types that cause most cervical ... is having HPV-alone testing tests positive for HPV types 16 or 18 , she should, according to guidance from the FDA, ...

  4. Transient Pressure Test Article Test Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vibbart, Charles M.

    1989-01-01

    The Transient Pressure Test Article (TPTA) test program is being conducted at a new test facility located in the East Test Area at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama. This facility, along with the special test equipment (STE) required for facility support, was constructed specifically to test and verify the sealing capability of the Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor (RSRM) field, igniter, and nozzle joints. The test article consists of full scale RSRM hardware loaded with inert propellant and assembled in a short stack configuration. The TPTA is pressurized by igniting a propellant cartridge capable of inducing a pressure rise rate which stimulates the ignition transient that occurs during launch. Dynamic loads are applied during the pressure cycle to simulate external tank attach (ETA) strut loads present on the ETA ring. Sealing ability of the redesigned joints is evaluated under joint movement conditions produced by these combined loads since joint sealing ability depends on seal resilience velocity being greater than gap opening velocity. Also, maximum flight dynamic loads are applied to the test article which is either pressurized to 600 psia using gaseous nitrogen (GN2) or applied to the test article as the pressure decays inside the test article on the down cycle after the ignition transient cycle. This new test facility is examined with respect to its capabilities. In addition, both the topic of test effectiveness versus space vehicle flight performance and new aerospace test techniques, as well as a comparison between the old SRM design and the RSRM are presented.

  5. Titanium Honeycomb Panel Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richards, W. Lance; Thompson, Randolph C.

    1996-01-01

    Thermal-mechanical tests were performed on a titanium honeycomb sandwich panel to experimentally validate the hypersonic wing panel concept and compare test data with analysis. Details of the test article, test fixture development, instrumentation, and test results are presented. After extensive testing to 900 deg. F, non-destructive evaluation of the panel has not detected any significant structural degradation caused by the applied thermal-mechanical loads.

  6. Test Analysis Guidelines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jeng, Frank F.

    2007-01-01

    Development of analysis guidelines for Exploration Life Support (ELS) technology tests was completed. The guidelines were developed based on analysis experiences gained from supporting Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) technology development in air revitalization systems and water recovery systems. Analyses are vital during all three phases of the ELS technology test: pre-test, during test and post test. Pre-test analyses of a test system help define hardware components, predict system and component performances, required test duration, sampling frequencies of operation parameters, etc. Analyses conducted during tests could verify the consistency of all the measurements and the performance of the test system. Post test analyses are an essential part of the test task. Results of post test analyses are an important factor in judging whether the technology development is a successful one. In addition, development of a rigorous model for a test system is an important objective of any new technology development. Test data analyses, especially post test data analyses, serve to verify the model. Test analyses have supported development of many ECLSS technologies. Some test analysis tasks in ECLSS technology development are listed in the Appendix. To have effective analysis support for ECLSS technology tests, analysis guidelines would be a useful tool. These test guidelines were developed based on experiences gained through previous analysis support of various ECLSS technology tests. A comment on analysis from an experienced NASA ECLSS manager (1) follows: "Bad analysis was one that bent the test to prove that the analysis was right to begin with. Good analysis was one that directed where the testing should go and also bridged the gap between the reality of the test facility and what was expected on orbit."

  7. Strapdown gyro test program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Irvine, R. B.; Vanalstine, R.

    1977-01-01

    The power spectral noise characteristic performance of the Teledyne two-degree-of-freedom dry tuned gimbal gyroscope was determined. Tests were conducted using a current configuration SDG-5 gyro in conjunction with test equipment with minor modification. Long term bias stability tests were conducted as well as some first difference performance tests. The gyro, test equipment, and the tests performed are described. Results are presented.

  8. CEQATR Thermal Test Overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Balusek, Alan R.

    2009-01-01

    A thermal test overview of the Constellation Environmental Qualification and Acceptance Test Requirement (CEQATR) is presented. The contents include: 1) CEQATR Thermal Test Overview; 2) CxP Environments; 3) CEQATR Table 1.2-1; 4) Levels of Assembly; 5) Definitions for Levels of Assembly; 6) Hardware Applicability; 7) CEQATR Thermal-Related Definitions; 8) Requirements for unit-level thermal testing; 9) Requirements for major assembly level thermal testing; 10) General thermal testing requirements; 11) General thermal cycle, thermal vacuum profiles; 12) Test tolerances; 13) Vacuum vs Ambient; 14) Thermal Gradient; 15) Sequence of Testing; 16) Alternative Strategies; 17) Protoflight; 18) Halt/Hass; 19) Humidity; and 20) Tailoring.

  9. Vendor System Vulnerability Testing Test Plan

    SciTech Connect

    James R. Davidson

    2005-01-01

    The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) prepared this generic test plan to provide clients (vendors, end users, program sponsors, etc.) with a sense of the scope and depth of vulnerability testing performed at the INL’s Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Test Bed and to serve as an example of such a plan. Although this test plan specifically addresses vulnerability testing of systems applied to the energy sector (electric/power transmission and distribution and oil and gas systems), it is generic enough to be applied to control systems used in other critical infrastructures such as the transportation sector, water/waste water sector, or hazardous chemical production facilities. The SCADA Test Bed is established at the INL as a testing environment to evaluate the security vulnerabilities of SCADA systems, energy management systems (EMS), and distributed control systems. It now supports multiple programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, other government agencies, and private sector clients. This particular test plan applies to testing conducted on a SCADA/EMS provided by a vendor. Before performing detailed vulnerability testing of a SCADA/EMS, an as delivered baseline examination of the system is conducted, to establish a starting point for all-subsequent testing. The series of baseline tests document factory delivered defaults, system configuration, and potential configuration changes to aid in the development of a security plan for in depth vulnerability testing. The baseline test document is provided to the System Provider,a who evaluates the baseline report and provides recommendations to the system configuration to enhance the security profile of the baseline system. Vulnerability testing is then conducted at the SCADA Test Bed, which provides an in-depth security analysis of the Vendor’s system.b a. The term System Provider replaces the name of the company/organization providing the system being evaluated. This can be the system manufacturer, a system user, or a third party organization such as a government agency. b. The term Vendor (or Vendor’s) System replaces the name of the specific SCADA/EMS being tested.

  10. Transient Pressure Test Article (TPTA) Test Stand

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    A forward segment is being lowered into the Transient Pressure Test Article (TPTA) test stand at thw Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) east test area. The TPTA test stand, 14-feet wide, 27-feet long, and 33-feet high, was built in 1987 to provide data to verify the sealing capability of the redesign solid rocket motor (SRM) field and nozzle joints. The test facility applies pressure, temperature, and external loads to a short stack of solid rocket motor hardware. The simulated SRM ignition pressure and temperature transients are achieved by firing a small amount of specially configured solid propellant. The pressure transient is synchronized with external programmable dynamic loads that simulate lift off loads at the external tank attach points. Approximately one million pounds of dead weight on top of the test article simulates the weight of the other Shuttle elements.

  11. Transient Pressure Test Article (TPTA) Test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    A forward segment is being lowered into the Transient Pressure Test Article (TPTA) test stand at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) east test area. The TPTA test stand, 14-feet wide, 27-feet long, and 33-feet high, was built in 1987 to provide data to verify the sealing capability of the redesign solid rocket motor (SRM) field and nozzle joints. The test facility applies pressure, temperature, and external loads to a short stack of solid rocket motor hardware. The simulated SRM ignition pressure and temperature transients are achieved by firing a small amount of specially configured solid propellant. The pressure transient is synchronized with external programmable dynamic loads that simulate lift off loads at the external tank attach points. Approximately one million pounds of dead weight on top of the test article simulates the weight of the other Shuttle elements.

  12. Forensic DNA testing.

    PubMed

    Weedn, V W; Roby, R K

    1993-05-01

    Forensic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) testing has revolutionized criminal investigations. Deoxyribonucleic acid testing is superseding traditional serologic testing due to its discriminatory power, universal application to biologic materials, and resistance to environmental insults, among other advantages. Its acceptance is becoming commonplace, and it is being put into widespread use. Forensic DNA testing technology and its application is continuing to evolve. PMID:8489337

  13. Test Preparation: Your Role

    MedlinePLUS

    ... information about preparations needed for specific tests on web sites like Lab Tests Online. However, you should always follow your health ... may sometimes be elaborated on further on "The Test" tab. However, be sure ... on this or any other web site, as different labs may have varying testing ...

  14. Allergy Blood Testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... known as: Allergy Screen Formal name: Allergen-specific IgE Antibody Test Related tests: Total IgE , Complete Blood Count , ... know? How is it used? The allergen-specific IgE antibody test is a blood test used to help ...

  15. Night Time Test Firing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    A Space Shuttle Main Engine, (SSME) test firing lights up the night sky at the John C. Stennis Space Center in Hancock County, Mississippi. This test occurred on the B-1, SSC's largest of three test stands used for Shuttle main engine testing.

  16. Liquid Rocket Engine Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rahman, Shamim

    2005-01-01

    Comprehensive Liquid Rocket Engine testing is essential to risk reduction for Space Flight. Test capability represents significant national investments in expertise and infrastructure. Historical experience underpins current test capabilities. Test facilities continually seek proactive alignment with national space development goals and objectives including government and commercial sectors.

  17. FTA-ABS test

    MedlinePLUS

    The FTA-ABS test is a blood test to detect antibodies to the bacteria Treponema pallidum, which causes syphilis. This test ... A positive FTA-ABS is usually a sign of a syphilis infection. This test result will remain positive for life even if syphilis ...

  18. Color identification testing device

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brawner, E. L.; Martin, R.; Pate, W.

    1970-01-01

    Testing device, which determines ability of a technician to identify color-coded electric wires, is superior to standard color blindness tests. It tests speed of wire selection, detects partial color blindness, allows rapid testing, and may be administered by a color blind person.

  19. Testing Our Limits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tempel, Melissa Bollow

    2012-01-01

    Computerized testing, including the widely used MAP test, has infiltrated the public schools in Milwaukee and across the nation, bringing with it a frightening future for public education. High-stakes standardized tests can be scored almost immediately via the internet, and testing companies can now easily link districts to their online data…

  20. Intelligence: Theories and Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papanastasiou, Elena C.

    This paper reviews what is known about intelligence and the use of intelligence tests. Environmental and hereditary factors that affect performance on intelligence tests are reviewed, along with various theories that have been proposed about the basis of intelligence. Intelligence tests do not test intelligence per se but make inferences about a…

  1. Cooperative Testing and Analysis

    E-print Network

    Xie, Tao

    Account for even half the total cost of software development [Beizer 90] Automated testing reduces manual testing is important Software errors cost the U.S. economy about $59.5 billion each year (0.6% of the GDP) [NIST 02] Improving testing infrastructure could save 1/3 cost [NIST 02] Software testing is costly

  2. Getting a Urine Test

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... the Body Works Main Page Getting a Urine Test (Video) KidsHealth > Kids > Movies & More > Movies > Getting a Urine Test (Video) Print A A A Text Size It ... cup, but docs learn a lot from urine tests. Obviously, this test doesn't hurt. And if ...

  3. Test Design and Speededness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Linden, Wim J.

    2011-01-01

    A critical component of test speededness is the distribution of the test taker's total time on the test. A simple set of constraints on the item parameters in the lognormal model for response times is derived that can be used to control the distribution when assembling a new test form. As the constraints are linear in the item parameters, they can…

  4. Testing. Occasional Papers 21.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culhane, P. T., Ed.; White, J., Ed.

    Five papers on testing in English as a second language are included in this volume. "A Preliminary Diagnostic Test for Adult Immigrants" by Johan I. Arthur presents the first stage in a project to develop a test for limited English speaking adults in the Colchester, Essex area. "An Initial Testing Battery on a Course for Air Traffic Controllers"…

  5. Flight Test Engineering

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pavlock, Kate Maureen

    2013-01-01

    Although the scope of flight test engineering efforts may vary among organizations, all point to a common theme: flight test engineering is an interdisciplinary effort to test an asset in its operational flight environment. Upfront planning where design, implementation, and test efforts are clearly aligned with the flight test objective are keys to success. This chapter provides a top level perspective of flight test engineering for the non-expert. Additional research and reading on the topic is encouraged to develop a deeper understanding of specific considerations involved in each phase of flight test engineering.

  6. Dtest Testing Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jain, Abhinandan; Cameron, Jonathan M.; Myint, Steven

    2013-01-01

    This software runs a suite of arbitrary software tests spanning various software languages and types of tests (unit level, system level, or file comparison tests). The dtest utility can be set to automate periodic testing of large suites of software, as well as running individual tests. It supports distributing multiple tests over multiple CPU cores, if available. The dtest tool is a utility program (written in Python) that scans through a directory (and its subdirectories) and finds all directories that match a certain pattern and then executes any tests in that directory as described in simple configuration files.

  7. Cervical cancer screening: Less testing, smarter testing.

    PubMed

    Jin, Xian Wen; Sikon, Andrea; Yen-Lieberman, Belinda

    2011-11-01

    In its 2009 recommendations for cervical cancer screening, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) calls for less-frequent but smarter screening that integrates testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection with the Papanicolaou (Pap) test. We review the recommendations from this and other organizations and how and why they are evolving. PMID:22049541

  8. Testing: Let's Put It to the Test.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Phyllis, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    In this journal issue, articles examine various aspects of testing intelligence, creativity, and psychopathology. Featured articles include: (1) "Monglottosis: What's Wrong with the Idea of IQ Meritocracy and Its Racy Cousins?" (Johan W. Oller, Jr.), which shows empirically and theoretically that even nonverbal IQ tests mainly measure powers of…

  9. Chaining Test Cases for Reactive System Testing

    E-print Network

    Kröning, Daniel

    Chaining Test Cases for Reactive System Testing Peter Schrammel, Tom Melham, and Daniel Kroening->brake | | mode!=ON && i->dec ) && s->speed>0) s->speed--; } Fig. 1. Code generated for cruise controller example goals. Example. To illustrate the problem and our approach, we reuse the classical cruise controller

  10. Test plan for Simulated Saltcake Retrieval Test

    SciTech Connect

    HERTING, D.L.

    2000-07-19

    This document describes the plan for a bench-scale laboratory test to evaluate physical and chemical parameters associated with dissolution of a simulated saltcake waste. Parameters to be measured during the test include water addition rate, liquid drainage rate, visual observations of flow patterns, physical appearance and volume of dissolving saltcake, chemical composition of drained liquid, and polarized light microscopy analysis of solids.

  11. Testing expert systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chang, C. L.; Stachowitz, R. A.

    1988-01-01

    Software quality is of primary concern in all large-scale expert system development efforts. Building appropriate validation and test tools for ensuring software reliability of expert systems is therefore required. The Expert Systems Validation Associate (EVA) is a validation system under development at the Lockheed Artificial Intelligence Center. EVA provides a wide range of validation and test tools to check correctness, consistency, and completeness of an expert system. Testing a major function of EVA. It means executing an expert system with test cases with the intent of finding errors. In this paper, we describe many different types of testing such as function-based testing, structure-based testing, and data-based testing. We describe how appropriate test cases may be selected in order to perform good and thorough testing of an expert system.

  12. Pancreatic exocrine function testing

    SciTech Connect

    Goff, J.S.

    1981-11-01

    It is important to understand which pancreatic function tests are available and how to interpret them when evaluating patients with malabsorption. Available direct tests are the secretin stimulation test, the Lundh test meal, and measurement of serum or fecal enzymes. Indirect tests assess pancreatic exocrine function by measuring the effect of pancreatic secretion on various nutrients. These include triglycerides labeled with carbon 14, cobalamin labeled with cobalt 57 and cobalt 58, and para-aminobenzoic acid bound to a dipeptide. Of all these tests the secretin stimulation test is the most accurate and reliable if done by experienced personnel. However, the indirect tests are simpler to do and appear to be comparable to the secretin test at detecting pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. These indirect tests are becoming clinically available and clinicians should familiarize themselves with the strengths and weaknesses of each.

  13. VIEW OF EAST TEST SITE FROM TOP OF STATIC TEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW OF EAST TEST SITE FROM TOP OF STATIC TEST TOWER VIEW INCLUDES STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS TEST STAND COLD CALIBRATION TEST STAND AND COMPONENTS TEST LAB. - Marshall Space Flight Center, East Test Area, Dodd Road, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

  14. Solid Propellant Test Article (SPTA) Test Firing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1989-01-01

    The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) engineers test fired a 26-foot long, 100,000-pound-thrust solid rocket motor for 30 seconds at the MSFC east test area, the first test firing of the Modified NASA Motor (M-NASA Motor). The M-NASA Motor was fired in a newly constructed stand. The motor is 48-inches in diameter and was loaded with two propellant cartridges weighing a total of approximately 12,000 pounds. The purpose of the test was to learn more about solid rocket motor insulation and nozzle materials and to provide young engineers additional hands-on expertise in solid rocket motor technology. The test is a part of NASA's Solid Propulsion Integrity Program, that is to provide NASA engineers with the techniques, engineering tools, and computer programs to be able to better design, build, and verify solid rocket motors.

  15. Digface characterization test plan (remote testing)

    SciTech Connect

    Croft, K.; Hyde, R.; Allen, S.

    1993-08-01

    The objective of the Digface Characterization (DFC) Remote Testing project is to remotely deploy a sensor head (Mini-Lab) across a digface to determine if it can characterize the contents below the surface. The purpose of this project is to provide a robotics technology that allows removal of workers from hazards, increases speed of operations, and reduces life cycle costs compared to alternate methods and technologies. The Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) is funding the demonstration, testing, and evaluation of DFC. This document describes the test plan for the DFC remote deployment demonstration for the BWID. The purposes of the test plan are to establish test parameters so that the demonstration results are deemed useful and usable and perform the demonstration in a safe manner and within all regulatory requirements.

  16. Test report for core drilling ignitability testing

    SciTech Connect

    Witwer, K.S.

    1996-08-08

    Testing was carried out with the cooperation of Westinghouse Hanford Company and the United States Bureau of Mines at the Pittsburgh Research Center in Pennsylvania under the Memorandum of Agreement 14- 09-0050-3666. Several core drilling equipment items, specifically those which can come in contact with flammable gasses while drilling into some waste tanks, were tested under conditions similar to actual field sampling conditions. Rotary drilling against steel and rock as well as drop testing of several different pieces of equipment in a flammable gas environment were the specific items addressed. The test items completed either caused no ignition of the gas mixture, or, after having hardware changes or drilling parameters modified, produced no ignition in repeat testing.

  17. Solderability test system

    DOEpatents

    Yost, F.; Hosking, F.M.; Jellison, J.L.; Short, B.; Giversen, T.; Reed, J.R.

    1998-10-27

    A new test method to quantify capillary flow solderability on a printed wiring board surface finish. The test is based on solder flow from a pad onto narrow strips or lines. A test procedure and video image analysis technique were developed for conducting the test and evaluating the data. Feasibility tests revealed that the wetted distance was sensitive to the ratio of pad radius to line width (l/r), solder volume, and flux predry time. 11 figs.

  18. Solderability test system

    DOEpatents

    Yost, Fred (Cedar Crest, NM); Hosking, Floyd M. (Albuquerque, NM); Jellison, James L. (Albuquerque, NM); Short, Bruce (Beverly, MA); Giversen, Terri (Beverly, MA); Reed, Jimmy R. (Austin, TX)

    1998-01-01

    A new test method to quantify capillary flow solderability on a printed wiring board surface finish. The test is based on solder flow from a pad onto narrow strips or lines. A test procedure and video image analysis technique were developed for conducting the test and evaluating the data. Feasibility tests revealed that the wetted distance was sensitive to the ratio of pad radius to line width (l/r), solder volume, and flux predry time.

  19. Role of test motivation in intelligence testing

    PubMed Central

    Duckworth, Angela Lee; Quinn, Patrick D.; Lynam, Donald R.; Loeber, Rolf; Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda

    2011-01-01

    Intelligence tests are widely assumed to measure maximal intellectual performance, and predictive associations between intelligence quotient (IQ) scores and later-life outcomes are typically interpreted as unbiased estimates of the effect of intellectual ability on academic, professional, and social life outcomes. The current investigation critically examines these assumptions and finds evidence against both. First, we examined whether motivation is less than maximal on intelligence tests administered in the context of low-stakes research situations. Specifically, we completed a meta-analysis of random-assignment experiments testing the effects of material incentives on intelligence-test performance on a collective 2,008 participants. Incentives increased IQ scores by an average of 0.64 SD, with larger effects for individuals with lower baseline IQ scores. Second, we tested whether individual differences in motivation during IQ testing can spuriously inflate the predictive validity of intelligence for life outcomes. Trained observers rated test motivation among 251 adolescent boys completing intelligence tests using a 15-min “thin-slice” video sample. IQ score predicted life outcomes, including academic performance in adolescence and criminal convictions, employment, and years of education in early adulthood. After adjusting for the influence of test motivation, however, the predictive validity of intelligence for life outcomes was significantly diminished, particularly for nonacademic outcomes. Collectively, our findings suggest that, under low-stakes research conditions, some individuals try harder than others, and, in this context, test motivation can act as a third-variable confound that inflates estimates of the predictive validity of intelligence for life outcomes. PMID:21518867

  20. Integrated Test and Evaluation Flight Test 3 Flight Test Plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marston, Michael Lawrence

    2015-01-01

    The desire and ability to fly Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) in the National Airspace System (NAS) is of increasing urgency. The application of unmanned aircraft to perform national security, defense, scientific, and emergency management are driving the critical need for less restrictive access by UAS to the NAS. UAS represent a new capability that will provide a variety of services in the government (public) and commercial (civil) aviation sectors. The growth of this potential industry has not yet been realized due to the lack of a common understanding of what is required to safely operate UAS in the NAS. NASA's UAS Integration into the NAS Project is conducting research in the areas of Separation Assurance/Sense and Avoid Interoperability, Human Systems Integration (HSI), and Communication to support reducing the barriers of UAS access to the NAS. This research is broken into two research themes namely, UAS Integration and Test Infrastructure. UAS Integration focuses on airspace integration procedures and performance standards to enable UAS integration in the air transportation system, covering Sense and Avoid (SAA) performance standards, command and control performance standards, and human systems integration. The focus of Test Infrastructure is to enable development and validation of airspace integration procedures and performance standards, including the integrated test and evaluation. In support of the integrated test and evaluation efforts, the Project will develop an adaptable, scalable, and schedulable relevant test environment capable of evaluating concepts and technologies for unmanned aircraft systems to safely operate in the NAS. To accomplish this task, the Project will conduct a series of Human-in-the-Loop and Flight Test activities that integrate key concepts, technologies and/or procedures in a relevant air traffic environment. Each of the integrated events will build on the technical achievements, fidelity and complexity of the previous tests and technical simulations, resulting in research findings that support the development of regulations governing the access of UAS into the NAS.

  1. Sensitivity Test Analysis

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    1992-02-20

    SENSIT,MUSIG,COMSEN is a set of three related programs for sensitivity test analysis. SENSIT conducts sensitivity tests. These tests are also known as threshold tests, LD50 tests, gap tests, drop weight tests, etc. SENSIT interactively instructs the experimenter on the proper level at which to stress the next specimen, based on the results of previous responses. MUSIG analyzes the results of a sensitivity test to determine the mean and standard deviation of the underlying population bymore »computing maximum likelihood estimates of these parameters. MUSIG also computes likelihood ratio joint confidence regions and individual confidence intervals. COMSEN compares the results of two sensitivity tests to see if the underlying populations are significantly different. COMSEN provides an unbiased method of distinguishing between statistical variation of the estimates of the parameters of the population and true population difference.« less

  2. Perspectives on test diets.

    PubMed

    Cooke, A J; Young, E A

    1980-04-01

    Evidence in the medical literature substantiating the effect of test diets on the outcome of specific diagnostic tests is scanty and, in some cases, controversial. It has been clearly demonstrated that some test diets definitely affect the outcomes of some diagnostic tests. Therefore, these diets should be effectively and consistently used. Medical professionals should be familiar with specific test diets. There should be systematic management regarding the content of instructions to the patient, who gives the instructions, and how follow-up is made on compliance with the test diet. Clinical dietitians should be versatile regarding all test diets that may influence diagnostic test outcome. All test diets in dietary manuals for which there is no medical basis for effectiveness should be eliminated. PMID:6993534

  3. Thruster endurance test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collett, C.

    1976-01-01

    A test system was built and several short term tests were completed. The test system included, in addition to the 30-cm ion thruster, a console for powering the thruster and monitoring performance, a vacuum facility for simulating a space environment, and a storage and feed system for the thruster propellant. This system was used to perform three short term tests (one 100-hour and two 500-hour tests), an 1108-hour endurance test which was aborted by a vacuum facility failure, and finally the 10,000-hour endurance test. In addition to the two 400 series thrusters which were used in the short term and 1100-hour tests, four more 400 series thrusters were fabricated, checked out, and delivered to NASA. Three consoles similar to the one used in the test program were also fabricated and delivered.

  4. When Less Is More: A Comparative Analysis for Placing Students in Adult Literacy Classes. TR93-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Venezky, Richard L.; And Others

    A study evaluated different approaches to placing students in adult literacy classes using 168 adult basic education (ABE) and General Educational Development (GED) students. Students in classes at Rochambeau School in White Plains, New York, were given the Tests of Adult Basic Education (TABE), the Tests of Adult Literacy Skills (TALS), an oral…

  5. Rules for Optical Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stahl, H. Philip

    2014-01-01

    Based on 30 years of optical testing experience, a lot of mistakes, a lot of learning and a lot of experience, I have defined seven guiding principles for optical testing - regardless of how small or how large the optical testing or metrology task: Fully Understand the Task, Develop an Error Budget, Continuous Metrology Coverage, Know where you are, Test like you fly, Independent Cross-Checks, Understand All Anomalies. These rules have been applied with great success to the inprocess optical testing and final specification compliance testing of the JWST mirrors.

  6. Materials Test Branch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gordon, Gail

    2012-01-01

    The Materials Test Branch resides at Marshall Space Flight Center's Materials and Processing laboratory and has a long history of supporting NASA programs from Mercury to the recently retired Space Shuttle. The Materials Test Branch supports its customers by supplying materials testing expertise in a wide range of applications. The Materials Test Branch is divided into three Teams, The Chemistry Team, The Tribology Team and the Mechanical Test Team. Our mission and goal is to provide world-class engineering excellence in materials testing with a special emphasis on customer service.

  7. 46 CFR 10.215 - Medical and physical requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Mariner Endorsements Credential Vision test Hearing test General medical...above § 10.215(e)(2) (b) Vision Test —(1) Deck Standard. An applicant must have correctable vision to at least 20/40 in one eye and...

  8. 46 CFR 10.215 - Medical and physical requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Mariner Endorsements Credential Vision test Hearing test Generalmedical...above § 10.215(e)(2) (b) Vision Test —(1) Deck Standard. An applicant must have correctable vision to at least 20/40 in one eye and...

  9. 46 CFR 10.215 - Medical and physical requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Mariner Endorsements Credential Vision test Hearing test General medical...above § 10.215(e)(2) (b) Vision Test —(1) Deck Standard. An applicant must have correctable vision to at least 20/40 in one eye and...

  10. 46 CFR 10.215 - Medical and physical requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Mariner Endorsements Credential Vision test Hearing test General medical...above § 10.215(e)(2) (b) Vision Test —(1) Deck Standard. An applicant must have correctable vision to at least 20/40 in one eye and...

  11. Force limited vibration testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Scharton, Terry D.

    1991-01-01

    A new method of conducting lab vibration tests of spacecraft equipment was developed to more closely simulate the vibration environment experienced when the spacecraft is launched on a rocket. The improved tests are tailored to identify equipment design and workmanship problems without inducing artificial failures that would not have occurred at launch. These new, less destructive types of vibration tests are essential to JPL's protoflight test approach in which lab testing is conducted using the flight equipment, often one of a kind, to save time and money. In conventional vibration tests, only the input vibratory motion is specified; the feedback, or reaction force, between the test item and the vibration machine is ignored. Most test failures occur when the test item goes into resonance, and the reaction force becomes very large. It has long been recognized that the large reaction force is a test artifact which does not occur with the lightweight, flexible mounting structures characteristic of spacecraft and space vehicles. In new vibration tests, both the motion and the force provided to the test item by the vibration machine are controlled, so that the vibration ride experienced by the test item is as in flight.

  12. TESTING TESTS ON ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI MICROVARIABILITY

    SciTech Connect

    De Diego, Jose A.

    2010-03-15

    Literature on optical and infrared microvariability in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) reflects a diversity of statistical tests and strategies to detect tiny variations in the light curves of these sources. Comparison between the results obtained using different methodologies is difficult, and the pros and cons of each statistical method are often badly understood or even ignored. Even worse, improperly tested methodologies are becoming more and more common, and biased results may be misleading with regard to the origin of the AGN microvariability. This paper intends to point future research on AGN microvariability toward the use of powerful and well-tested statistical methodologies, providing a reference for choosing the best strategy to obtain unbiased results. Light curves monitoring has been simulated for quasars and for reference and comparison stars. Changes for the quasar light curves include both Gaussian fluctuations and linear variations. Simulated light curves have been analyzed using {chi}{sup 2} tests, F tests for variances, one-way analyses of variance and C-statistics. Statistical Type I and Type II errors, which indicate the robustness and the power of the tests, have been obtained in each case. One-way analyses of variance and {chi}{sup 2} prove to be powerful and robust estimators for microvariations, while the C-statistic is not a reliable methodology and its use should be avoided.

  13. Morpheus Vertical Test Bed Flight Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hart, Jeremy; Devolites, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    NASA's Morpheus Project has developed and tested a prototype planetary lander capable of vertical takeoff and landing, that is designed to serve as a testbed for advanced spacecraft technologies. The lander vehicle, propelled by a LOX/Methane engine and sized to carry a 500kg payload to the lunar surface, provides a platform for bringing technologies from the laboratory into an integrated flight system at relatively low cost. Morpheus onboard software is autonomous from ignition all the way through landing, and is designed to be capable of executing a variety of flight trajectories, with onboard fault checks and automatic contingency responses. The Morpheus 1.5A vehicle performed 26 integrated vehicle test flights including hot-fire tests, tethered tests, and two attempted freeflights between April 2011 and August 2012. The final flight of Morpheus 1.5A resulted in a loss of the vehicle. In September 2012, development began on the Morpheus 1.5B vehicle, which subsequently followed a similar test campaign culminating in free-flights at a simulated planetary landscape built at Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility. This paper describes the integrated test campaign, including successes and setbacks, and how the system design for handling faults and failures evolved over the course of the project.

  14. ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase) Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Aminotransferase Related tests: AST ; ALP ; GGT ; Bilirubin ; Liver Panel ; Albumin ; Total Protein All content on Lab Tests ... aminotransferase (AST) or as part of a liver panel to screen for and/or help diagnose liver ...

  15. AST (Aspartate Aminotransferase) Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Aminotransferase Related tests: ALT ; ALP ; GGT ; Bilirubin ; Liver Panel ; Albumin , Total Protein All content on Lab Tests ... aminotransferase (ALT) , or as part of a liver panel to screen for and/or help diagnose liver ...

  16. CANbus. , Testing software

    E-print Network

    Kozak, Victor R.

    , , CANbus. , , . , . , , . Testing software for devices with CANbus interface V.R.Kozak Abstract The article describes a specialized software package for devices with CANbus functions of software, results of testing and examples of real applications. © . .. #12

  17. Chloride - urine test

    MedlinePLUS

    The urine chloride test measures the amount of chloride in a certain volume of urine. ... After you provide a urine sample, it is tested in the lab. If needed, the health care provider may ask you to collect your urine ...

  18. Ketones urine test

    MedlinePLUS

    Ketone bodies - urine; Urine ketones ... Urine ketones are usually measured as a "spot test." This is available in a test kit that ... ketone bodies. A dipstick is dipped in the urine sample. A color change indicates the presence of ...

  19. Osmolality - blood test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.

  20. Methylene blue test

    MedlinePLUS

    The methylene blue test is a test to determine the type of methemoglobinemia , a blood disorder. ... are removed. A dark green powder called methylene blue goes through the tube into your vein. The ...