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Sample records for geest michel vorenhout

  1. Max Weber and Robert Michels.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scaff, Lawrence A.

    1981-01-01

    This paper investigates the unique intellectual partnership of Max Weber and Robert Michels, with particular emphasis on Weber's influence on Michel's inquiry into the sociology of parties and organization. Concludes with an evaluation of the import of Weber's critique of Michels' work. (DB)

  2. Radiological Findings of Michel Aplasia

    PubMed Central

    Umul, Ayse; Demirtas, Hakan; Celik, Ahmet Orhan

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Congenital abnormalities of the inner ear is the most common cause of neurosensory hearing loss. Michel inner ear deformity is a rare developmental anomaly refers to the total aplasia of the inner ear. It is caused by developmental arrest of otic placode early during the third week of gestational age. Case report: We have discussed here that three year old girl diagnosed Michel aplasia with temporal bone computed tomography (CT) and temporal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. PMID:27482139

  3. Professor Louis Michel (1923-1999)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zak, J.

    2001-04-01

    Professor Louis Michel was born on May 4, 1923 in Roanne, France and died of aneurysm on December 30, 1999 in Bures-Sur-Yvette, France. With the untimely and sudden death of Louis Michel the world physics community has lost one of its most prominent members. The extraordinary popularity and respect to Louis as a scientist and a man was demonstrated in his funeral ceremony at l'Eglise de Bures-Sur-Yvette when many people from all over the world came to part from him. Many obituaries appeared in Louis' memory in different journals and among them Physics Today, Cern Courier, Physics Reports, in the Bulletin of the French Embassy in Israel and others. It is certainly impossible in this short lecture to give an adequate description of Prof. Michel's contributions in physics but if one looks for a way to identify a niche that Louis occupies in science of the 20th century, this can best be done by his relation to Eugene Wigner whom Louis much admired. On July 16, 1996 Prof. Michel gave the Wigner Memorial Lecture at the 21st International Colloquium on Group Theoretical Methods in Physics. 1 This was the first Colloquium after Wigner's death (who died on January 1, 1995). Wigner had a very great influence on Louis which started during Louis' membership at the Institute of Advanced Studies at Princeton in the years 1953-55. For Louis Wigner was (in Louis' words) a "model in science: a complete physicist, drawing, when necessary, from his deep mathematical culture". In my view, on the world arena of science, Prof. Michel was one of Wigner's successors in the field of symmetries in physics, and many of us would agree that the above quotation applies equally well to Louis himself. In his famous book "Group Theory" Wigner thanks in the Preface 4 people, with one of them being Louis Michel, and I quote: "The author also wishes to thank his colleagues for many stimulating discussions on the role of group theory in quantum mechanics as well as on more specific subjects. He wishes

  4. [Michel Latarjet (1913-1999), surgeon explorer!].

    PubMed

    Awada, T; Liverneaux, P

    2010-05-01

    In 1954, Michel Latarjet, anatomist and surgeon of Lyon, developed an original surgical technique to treat the unstable shoulder . This technique since kept his name: "Latarjet". He was a character in 1000 facets: highly skilled anatomist, skillful surgeon, talented sportsman, accomplished musician, big traveler, and many others... An eclectic life, symbol of an abundant XXth century. PMID:20303312

  5. STS-93 Crew Interview: Michel Tognini

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    This NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC) video release presents a one-on-one interview with Mission Specialist 3, Michel Tognini (Col., French Air Force and Centre Nacional Etudes Spatiales (CNES) Astronaut). Subjects discussed include early influences that made Michel want to be a pilot and astronaut, his experience as a French military pilot and his flying history. Also discussed were French participation in building the International Space Station (ISS), the STS-93 primary mission objective, X-ray observation using the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), and failure scenarios associated with AXAF deployment. The STS-93 mission objective was to deploy the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), later renamed the Chandra X-Ray Observatory in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar.

  6. Quasinormal acoustic oscillations in the Michel flow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chaverra, Eliana; Morales, Manuel D.; Sarbach, Olivier

    2015-05-01

    We study spherical and nonspherical linear acoustic perturbations of the Michel flow, which describes the steady radial accretion of a perfect fluid into a nonrotating black hole. The dynamics of such perturbations are governed by a scalar wave equation on an effective curved background geometry determined by the acoustic metric, which is constructed from the spacetime metric and the particle density and four-velocity of the fluid. For the problem under consideration in this paper the acoustic metric has the same qualitative features as an asymptotically flat, static and spherically symmetric black hole, and thus it represents a natural astrophysical analogue black hole. As for the case of a scalar field propagating on a Schwarzschild background, we show that acoustic perturbations of the Michel flow exhibit quasinormal oscillations. Based on a new numerical method for determining the solutions of the radial mode equation, we compute the associated frequencies and analyze their dependency on the mass of the black hole, the radius of the sonic horizon and the angular momentum number. Our results for the fundamental frequencies are compared to those obtained from an independent numerical Cauchy evolution, finding good agreement between the two approaches. When the radius of the sonic horizon is large compared to the event horizon radius, we find that the quasinormal frequencies scale approximately like the surface gravity associated with the sonic horizon.

  7. Michel Hersen and the Administration of Professional Psychology Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Catherine A.; Thomas, Jay C.

    2012-01-01

    From 1997 until his retirement in 2011, Michel Hersen served as the dean of the School of Professional Psychology (SPP) at Pacific University in Oregon. Through teaching, supervision, and modeling, Michel promoted his vision of a professional school that could compete on the national stage. He grew the program from a regional focus to one with a…

  8. On the 3-D pulsating source of Michell`s type with forward speed

    SciTech Connect

    Miao, G.P.; Liu, Y.Z.; Yang, Q.Z.; Liu, Z.Y.

    1995-12-31

    An expression of the 3-D pulsating source of Michell type with forward speed for infinite water depth is derived in the present paper based on the Fourier transformation and contour integration technique. Emphases are laid on the discussion of the mechanical feature of the source and the radiation behavior far from the source. The relative importance of the each components of the pulsating source is discussed in detail. Compared with the commonly used pulsating source of Haskind type, the present expression has the merits as simplicity for numerical treatment and being more meaningful in its physical explanation. The Michell type expression of the 3-D pulsating source with forward speed can be widely used for the estimation of motions and wave forces for ships and offshore structures in waves with forward speed.

  9. Michell, Laplace and the origin of the black hole concept

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montgomery, Colin; Orchiston, Wayne; Whittingham, Ian

    2009-07-01

    Black holes are fundamental to our understanding of modern astrophysics, yet the origin of this concept can be traced back to the writings of England's John Michell and France's Pierre-Simon Laplace in 1784 and 1796 respectively. Both independently postulated the existence of “non-luminous bodies”, and while Michell used graphical methods to explain his concept, Laplace published a mathematical ‘proof’ in 1799.

  10. Reconstructing Michel Electrons in the MicroBooNE Detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caratelli, David

    2016-03-01

    MicroBooNE is a Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LArTPC) neutrino detector located in the Booster Neutrino Beamline at Fermilab which began collecting neutrino data in October 2015. MicroBooNE aims to explore the low-energy excess in the νe spectrum reported by MiniBooNE as well as perform ν-Ar cross-section measurements. In this talk, we present the current status of reconstructing Michel electrons from cosmic ray muons in the MicroBooNE detector. These Michel electrons are distributed uniformly inside the detector, and serve as a natural and powerful calibration source to study the detector's response for low energy (10s of MeV) interactions as a function of position. We have developed a reconstruction software tool to successfully identify such Michel electrons which could be of benefit to LArTPC experiments generically.

  11. Michel Serres: A Troubadour for Science, Philosophy and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zembylas, Michalinos

    2002-01-01

    Michel Serres is a provocative and unorthodox thinker, very little known in the English-speaking world, although he is one of the best-known contemporary French philosophers. Serres' interdisciplinary writing constructs themes that can be traced across literature, philosophy, science, mythology and painting, borrowing ideas and approaches from…

  12. Completed Beltrami-Michell formulation for analyzing radially symmetrical bodies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaljevic, Igor; Saigal, Sunil; Hopkins, Dale A.; Patnaik, Surya N.

    1994-12-01

    A force method formulation, the completed Beltrami-Michell formulation (CBMF), has been developed for analyzing boundary value problems in elastic continua. The CBMF is obtained by augmenting the classical Beltrami-Michell formulation with novel boundary compatibility conditions. It can analyze general elastic continua with stress, displacement, or mixed boundary conditions. The CBMF alleviates the limitations of the classical formulation, which can solve stress boundary value problems only. In this report, the CBMF is specialized for plates and shells. All equations of the CBMF, including the boundary compatibility conditions, are derived from the variational formulation of the integrated force method (IFM). These equations are defined only in terms of stresses. Their solution for kinematically stable elastic continua provides stress fields without any reference to displacements. In addition, a stress function formulation for plates and shells is developed by augmenting the classical Airy's formulation with boundary compatibility conditions expressed in terms of the stress function. The versatility of the CBMF and the augmented stress function formulation is demonstrated through analytical solutions of several mixed boundary value problems. The example problems include a composite circular plate and a composite circular cylindrical shell under the simultaneous actions of mechanical and thermal loads.

  13. Completed Beltrami-Michell Formulation for Analyzing Radially Symmetrical Bodies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaljevic, Igor; Saigal, Sunil; Hopkins, Dale A.; Patnaik, Surya N.

    1994-01-01

    A force method formulation, the completed Beltrami-Michell formulation (CBMF), has been developed for analyzing boundary value problems in elastic continua. The CBMF is obtained by augmenting the classical Beltrami-Michell formulation with novel boundary compatibility conditions. It can analyze general elastic continua with stress, displacement, or mixed boundary conditions. The CBMF alleviates the limitations of the classical formulation, which can solve stress boundary value problems only. In this report, the CBMF is specialized for plates and shells. All equations of the CBMF, including the boundary compatibility conditions, are derived from the variational formulation of the integrated force method (IFM). These equations are defined only in terms of stresses. Their solution for kinematically stable elastic continua provides stress fields without any reference to displacements. In addition, a stress function formulation for plates and shells is developed by augmenting the classical Airy's formulation with boundary compatibility conditions expressed in terms of the stress function. The versatility of the CBMF and the augmented stress function formulation is demonstrated through analytical solutions of several mixed boundary value problems. The example problems include a composite circular plate and a composite circular cylindrical shell under the simultaneous actions of mechanical and thermal loads.

  14. Completed Beltrami-Michell Formulation in Polar Coordinates

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Patnaik, Surya N.; Hopkins, Dale A.

    2005-01-01

    A set of conditions had not been formulated on the boundary of an elastic continuum since the time of Saint-Venant. This limitation prevented the formulation of a direct stress calculation method in elasticity for a continuum with a displacement boundary condition. The missed condition, referred to as the boundary compatibility condition, is now formulated in polar coordinates. The augmentation of the new condition completes the Beltrami-Michell formulation in polar coordinates. The completed formulation that includes equilibrium equations and a compatibility condition in the field as well as the traction and boundary compatibility condition is derived from the stationary condition of the variational functional of the integrated force method. The new method is illustrated by solving an example of a mixed boundary value problem for mechanical as well as thermal loads.

  15. STS-93 M.S. Michel Tognini in white room

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-93 Mission Specialist Michel Tognini of France is checked out by white room closeout crew members before entering the orbiter Columbia. Tognini is with the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). The white room is an environmental chamber at the end of the orbiter access arm that provides entry to the orbiter crew compartment. STS-93 is a five-day mission primarily to release the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which will allow scientists from around the world to study some of the most distant, powerful and dynamic objects in the universe. After Space Shuttle Columbia's July 20 and 22 launch attempts were scrubbed, the launch was again rescheduled for Friday, July 23, at 12:24 a.m. EDT. The target landing date is July 27 at 11:20 p.m. EDT.

  16. STS-93 Mission Specialist Michel Tognini of France

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-93 Mission Specialist Michel Tognini of France, who represents the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), poses in the Space Shuttle Main Engine Facility, which holds the main engine of the orbiter Columbia. He and other crew members Commander Eileen Collins, Mission Specialist Catherine G. Coleman, Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby, and Mission Specialist Steven A. Hawley are visiting Kennedy to look over the primary payload, the Chandra X-ray Observatory. STS-93 is scheduled to launch July 9 aboard Space Shuttle Columbia. Formerly called the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility, Chandra comprises three major elements: the spacecraft, the science instrument module (SIM), and the world's most powerful X-ray telescope. Chandra will allow scientists from around the world to see previously invisible black holes and high-temperature gas clouds, giving the observatory the potential to rewrite the books on the structure and evolution of our universe.

  17. Michel's Transport Medium as an Alternative to Liquid Nitrogen for PCR Analysis of Skin Biopsy Specimens

    PubMed Central

    Boraiy, Logeina; Fontao, Lionel

    2014-01-01

    Formalin fixation and paraffin embedding are standard procedures for histopathological diagnosis and allow long-term archiving of tissue specimens. The cross-linking properties of formalin cause fragmentation of nucleic acids and reduce the sensitivity of PCR analysis. Michel's medium is a well-established transport medium used by dermatologists for biopsy transport to maintain tissue-fixed immunoreactants prior to direct immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy. Here we report that Michel's medium also allows short-term preservation of DNA for PCR analysis and permits amplification of amplicons larger than 1 kb. Therefore, Michel's medium appears to be a reserve medium for performing PCR when no other samples are available. PMID:27047924

  18. Michel's Transport Medium as an Alternative to Liquid Nitrogen for PCR Analysis of Skin Biopsy Specimens.

    PubMed

    Boraiy, Logeina; Fontao, Lionel

    2014-01-01

    Formalin fixation and paraffin embedding are standard procedures for histopathological diagnosis and allow long-term archiving of tissue specimens. The cross-linking properties of formalin cause fragmentation of nucleic acids and reduce the sensitivity of PCR analysis. Michel's medium is a well-established transport medium used by dermatologists for biopsy transport to maintain tissue-fixed immunoreactants prior to direct immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy. Here we report that Michel's medium also allows short-term preservation of DNA for PCR analysis and permits amplification of amplicons larger than 1 kb. Therefore, Michel's medium appears to be a reserve medium for performing PCR when no other samples are available. PMID:27047924

  19. The Reverend John Michell: A Letter from his Great-grandson

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hutton, E.

    2006-12-01

    Very little is known about the life of John Michell (1724-1793), apart from his various published papers. The writer of a letter to the English Mechanic newspaper, under a nom de plume, claiming to be Michell's great-grandson, has now been identified as being written by Andrew Thomas Turton Peterson. Peterson reports that 'hearsay and family tradition' places Michell as the person who inspired William Herschel to take up astronomy, and who tutored him in making specula. Some of the claims made in the letter can be substantiated by independent documentation; others can be shown to be exaggeration or erroneous.

  20. A measurement of the tau Michel parameters at SLD

    SciTech Connect

    Quigley, J.

    1997-05-01

    This thesis presents a measurement of the tau Michel parameters. This measurement utilizes the highly polarized SLC electron beam to extract these quantities directly from the measured tau decay spectra using the 1993--95 SLD sample of 4,528 tau pair events. The results are {rho}{sup e} = 0.71 {+-} 0.14 {+-} 0.05, {xi}{sup e} = 1.16 {+-} 0.52 {+-} 0.06, and ({xi}{delta}){sup e} = 0.85 {+-} 0.43 {+-} 0.08 for tau decays to electrons and {rho}{sup {mu}} = 0.54 {+-} 0.28 {sup {minus}} 0.14, {eta}{sup {mu}} = {minus}0.59 {+-} 0.82 {+-} 0.45, {xi}{sup {mu}} = 0.75 {+-} 0.50 {+-} 0.14, and ({xi}{delta}){sup {mu}} = 0.82 {+-} 0.32 {+-} 0.07 for tau decays to muons. Combining all leptonic tau decays gives {rho} = 0.72 {+-} 0.09 {+-} 0.03, {xi} = 1.05 {+-} 0.35 {+-} 0.04, and {Xi}{delta} = 0.88 {+-} 0.27 {+-} 0.04. These results agree well with the current world average and the Standard Model.

  1. Light-based triggering and reconstruction of Michel electrons in LArIAT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foreman, W.

    2016-01-01

    The LArIAT Experiment aims to calibrate the liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) using a beam of charged particles at the Fermilab Test Beam Facility. It is equipped with a novel scintillation light readout system using PMTs and custom SiPM preamplifier boards to detect light from reflector foils coated with wavelength-shifting TPB. A trigger on delayed secondary flashes of light captures events containing stopping cosmic muons together with the Michel electrons coming from their subsequent decay. This dedicated Michel trigger supplies an abundant sample of low-energy electrons throughout the detector's active volume, providing opportunities to study the combined calorimetric capabilities of the light system and the TPC. Preliminary results using scintillation light to study properties of the Michel electron sample are presented.

  2. John Michell, the Pleiades, and Odds of 496,000 to 1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hughes, David W.; Cartwright, Susan

    2007-07-01

    John Michell, M.A., B.D., F.R.S. (1724-1793), was the first scientist to apply statistics to the spatial distribution of the stars on the celestial sphere. He was the first to realise that certain groupings, like the Pleiades cluster in Taurus, were non-random, thus indicating that these stars were a physical group in space, held together by gravity. This paper presents a step-by-step exposition of Michell's rather convoluted mathematical approach, and discusses the implication of his findings when it came to the acceptance of Newtonian gravitation, the search for stellar parallax and the investigation of binary stars.

  3. 78 FR 3496 - The Designation of Michel Samaha, AKA Saadah al-Naib Mishal Fuad Samahah, AKA Mishal Fuad Samahah...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE The Designation of Michel Samaha, AKA Saadah al-Naib Mishal Fuad Samahah, AKA Mishal Fuad Samahah, as a Specially... determine that the individual known as Michel Samaha, AKA Saadah al-Naib Mishal Fuad Samahah, AKA...

  4. How Technology Can Transform Student Achievement: An Interview with Dr. Michele Hancock

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Our Children: The National PTA Magazine, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In July 2010, Michele Hancock, EdD, became the 14th superintendent of the Kenosha Unified School District (KUSD), the third largest Wisconsin school district, with 42 schools and a student population of almost 23,000 students. She arrived with a strong vision to improve student achievement by adjusting educational methods to harmonize with the new…

  5. Michel Foucault Goes Outside: Discipline and Control in the Practice of Outdoor Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowdridge, Michael; Blenkinsop, Sean

    2011-01-01

    This paper is concerned with if, and how, measures of discipline and control are involved in outdoor and experiential education. Using the work of the French philosopher Michel Foucault, author of Discipline and Punish (1975), we shall explore how educational practice may be used to control people and to render them into "docile bodies." We follow…

  6. Autonomy, Candour and Professional Teacher Practice: A Discussion Inspired by the Later Works of Michel Foucault

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raaen, Finn Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Autonomy is considered to be an important feature of professionals and to provide a necessary basis for their informed judgments. In this article these notions will be challenged. In this article I use Michel Foucault's deconstruction of the idea of the autonomous citizen, and his later attempts to reconstruct that idea, in order to bring some new…

  7. Michel De Certeau, Everyday Life and Policy Cultures: The Case of Parent Engagement in Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saltmarsh, Sue

    2015-01-01

    This paper draws on theoretical insights from Michel de Certeau to formulate a response to questions of whether, and in what ways, poststructural policy analysis can "transcend critique to offer potential grounds for alternative social and political strategies in education". The paper offers a discussion of how Certeau's concern…

  8. Essaying and Reflective Practice in Education: The Legacy of Michel de Montaigne

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halpin, David

    2015-01-01

    Although the French Renaissance sceptic Michel de Montaigne (1533-92) is a much-admired thinker among many literary historians and some philosophical ones, his oeuvre hardly features in critical surveys of ideas in education. This is strange given that Montaigne offers modern educators an exemplary form of communicative discourse which anticipates…

  9. Problematizing the "Taken for Granted" in Educational Issues: Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, and Michel Foucault.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qi, Jie

    This paper explores how educators would raise different questions about educational issues by using Karl Marx's framework, Antonio Gramsci's conception, and Michel Foucault's notions, respectively. First, the paper compares the historical perspectives of Marx and Foucault. Marx concludes that history is a progressive linear production and that…

  10. Truth, Power and Pedagogy: Michel Foucault on the Rise of the Disciplines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deacon, Roger

    2002-01-01

    Michel Foucault sought to understand how and why it is that people in the West, in their arduous and incessant search for truth, have also built into and around themselves intricate and powerful systems intended to manage all that they know and do. While little of Foucault's work directly concerns itself with the historically recent phenomenon of…

  11. Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics Talk: Henry Cavendish, John Michell, Weighing the Stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCormmach, Russell

    2010-03-01

    This talk is about an interaction between two 18th-century natural philosophers (physical scientists), Henry Cavendish and John Michell, and its most important outcome, the experiment of weighing the world (their name for it) using a torsion balance (our name for it). Michell was the most inventive of the 18th century English natural philosophers, and Cavendish was the first of his countrymen to possess abilities at all comparable with Newton's. By their interests and skills, they were drawn to one another. Both were universal natural philosophers, equally adept at building scientific instruments, performing experiments, constructing theory, and using mathematics; both had a penchant for exacting, quantitative work. Both also had fitful habits of publication, which did not begin to reveal the range of their work, to the mystification of later scientists and historians. Late in life, Cavendish and Michell turned their attention to the force that Newton had examined most completely, a singular triumph of his natural philosophy, the force of universal gravitation. Over the course of the 18th century, abundant evidence of attraction had been gathered from the motions of the earth, moon, planets, and comets, phenomena which span the intermediate range of masses, sizes, and distances. But in three domains of experience, involving the extreme upper and lower limits of masses and dimensions, the universality of gravitation remained an article of faith. These were the gravity of the ``fixed'' stars, the mutual attraction of terrestrial bodies, and the gravitation of light and other special substances. Michell took on himself the task of deducing observable consequences from each of these prospective instances of universal gravitation. Cavendish encouraged Michell, and he followed up the resulting observational and experimental questions. The experiment of weighing the world was the last experiment Mitchell planned and the last experiment Cavendish published. The capstone of

  12. Michel Mirowski and the beginning of a new era of fighting sudden arrhythmic death.

    PubMed

    Klein, Helmut U; Nisam, Seah

    2015-06-01

    Prior to the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias were treated using anti-arrhythmic drugs. The concept of an implantable defibrillator to prevent sudden arrhythmic death was first published by Michel Mirowski in 1970. Despite critical opinions by leading physicians, Michel Mirowski continued development of his vision. Hallmarks in the development of the ICD include the following: internal-external defibrillator used during surgery on humans in 1971/1972; fully implantable defibrillator tested in canines in 1975; defibrillator successfully implanted in a 57-year-old woman in 1980; second generation devices introduced in 1982; US Food and Drug Administration device approved in 1985. Today it is hard to imagine modern medicine without ICD therapy. This article provides the reader a history of the development of the ICD. PMID:26058996

  13. Schwarzschild Radius Before General Relativity: Why Does Michell-Laplace Argument Provide the Correct Answer?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Preti, Giovanni

    2009-09-01

    A famous Newtonian argument by Michell and Laplace, regarding the existence of “dark bodies” and dating back to the end of the 18th century, is able to provide an exact general-relativistic result, namely the exact formula for the Schwarzschild radius. Since general relativity was formulated more than a century after this argument had been issued, it looks quite surprising that such a correct prediction could have been possible. Far from being merely a fortuitous coincidence (as one might justifiably be induced to think), this fact can find a reasonable explanation once the question is approached the other way round, i.e. from the general-relativistic point of view. By reexamining Laplace’s proof from this point of view, we discuss here the reasons why Michell-Laplace argument can be so “unexpectedly" correct in its general-relativistic prediction.

  14. Analytical solutions and numerical procedures for minimum-weight Michell structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dewhurst, Peter

    2001-03-01

    A power-series method developed for plane-strain slip-line field theory is applied to the construction of minimum-weight Michell frameworks. The relationship between the space and force diagrams is defined as a basis for weight calculations. Analytical solutions obtained by the method are shown to agree with known solutions that were obtained through virtual displacement calculations. Framework boundary conditions are investigated, and matrix operators used in slip-line field theory are shown to apply to the force-free straight framework boundary-value problem. The matrix operator method is used to illustrate the transition from circular arc-based to cycloid-based Michell solutions. Finally, an example is given in the use of the method for evaluation of support boundary conditions.

  15. Michel Borghini as a Mentor and Father of the Theory of Polarization in Polarized Targets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Boer, Wim

    2016-02-01

    This paper is a contribution to the memorial session for Michel Borghini at the Spin 2014 conference in Bejing, honoring his pivotal role for the development of polarized targets in high energy physics. Borghini proposed for the first time the correct mechanism for dynamic polarization in polarized targets using organic materials doped with free radicals. In these amorphous materials the spin levels are broadened by spin-spin interactions and g-factor anisotropy, which allows a high dynamic polarization of nuclei by cooling of the spin-spin interaction reservoir. In this contribution I summarize the experimental evidence for this mechanism. These pertinent experiments were done at CERN in the years 1971 - 1974, when I was a graduate student under the guidance of Michel Borghini. I finish by shortly describing how Borghini’s spin temperature theory is now applied in cancer therapy.

  16. The first measurement of the Michel parameter η in τ decays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Albrecht, H.; Hamacher, T.; Hofmann, R. P.; Kirchhoff, T.; Mankel, R.; Nau, A.; Nowak, S.; Schröder, H.; Schulz, H. D.; Walter, M.; Wurth, R.; Hast, C.; Kapitza, H.; Kolanoski, H.; Kosche, A.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Töpfer, D.; Wegener, D.; Eckstein, P.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Waldi, R.; Reim, K.; Wegener, H.; Eckmann, R.; Kuipers, H.; Mai, O.; Mundt, R.; Oest, T.; Reiner, R.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Stiewe, J.; Werner, S.; Ehret, K.; Hofmann, W.; Hüpper, A.; Knöpfle, K. T.; Spengler, J.; Krieger, P.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Prentice, J. D.; Saull, P. R. B.; Tzamariudaki, K.; van de Water, R. G.; Yoon, T.-S.; Frankl, C.; Reßing, D.; Schmidtler, M.; Schneider, M.; Weseler, S.; Kernel, G.; Križan, P.; Križnič, E.; Podobnik, T.; Živko, T.; Balagura, V.; Belyaev, I.; Chechelnitsky, S.; Danilov, M.; Droutskoy, A.; Gershtein, Yu.; Golutvin, A.; Korolko, I.; Kostina, G.; Litvintsev, D.; Lubimov, V.; Pakhlov, P.; Semenov, S.; Snizhko, A.; Tichomirov, I.; Zaitsev, Yu.; Argus Collaboration

    1995-01-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e+e- storage ring DORIS II at DESY, we have studied lepton energy spectra in τ decays. We present a “pseudo-rest-frame” technique in which the second τ in the event, decaying into a heavy hadronic system, is used as reference. This method allows for the first measurement of the Michel Parameter η in τ decays. We also determine the Michel Parameter ρ in τ → ev¯v decays with a precision comparable to the present world average. The measured values of the parameters ρ=0.735±0.036±0.020 and η=0.03±0.18±0.12 are in good agreement with standard V-A coupling at the τ-ν-W vertex.

  17. [Nicolas Houel and Michel Dusseau, apothecaries of the XVIth century in Paris].

    PubMed

    Warolin, C

    2000-01-01

    These two apothecaries of the XVIth century of Pharmacy in Paris were outstanding personalities. Nicolas Houel founded a charity in the south of Paris at Saint-Marcel suburb: The House of Christian Charity. It was a philanthropic organization composed of a chapel, an orphanage, a hospital, an apothecary's shop and a medicinal plants garden called Le Jardin des apothicaires. This institution is at the origin of the future Paris Pharmacy College (1777) and of the Paris School of Pharmacy (1803). This apothecary was also an artist, a poet, the author of artistic and scientific works. He wrote three pharmaceutical books between 1571 and 1573. The first one Pharmaceutices libri duo is about laxative and purgative medicines in accordance with Mésué's concepts, the second is a Plague Treatise and the third a Theriac and Mithridat Treatise. Michel Dusseau is the author of the first pharmaceutical book written in French prose. It was published in Lyon in 1561: l'Enchirid ou Manipul des miropoles. The life of Michel Dusseau had remained quite unknown but we recently managed to identify four generations of Dusseaus: Christofle, the ancestor, who lived in the XVth century and was not an apothecary, Michel a juror of the Paris apothecaries community and the author of the Enchirid, Pierre, Michel's son, also an apothecary, and lastly, Pierre's children who were the 4th generation. L'Enchirid is a "Manual for myrrh sellers ", a galenic pharmacy book divided into three parts. The first part shows how to prepare medicines, the second deals with pharmaceutical operations, the third is dedicated to the preparations of galenic forms. This book was well appreciated by French apothecaries in the XVIth-XVIIth centuries but sank into oblivion because of obsolescence. PMID:14653268

  18. Comparison of forward flight effects theory of A. Michalke and U. Michel with measured data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rawls, J. W., Jr.

    1983-01-01

    The scaling laws of a Michalke and Michel predict flyover noise of a single stream shock free circular jet from static data or static predictions. The theory is based on a farfield solution to Lighthill's equation and includes density terms which are important for heated jets. This theory is compared with measured data using two static jet noise prediction methods. The comparisons indicate the theory yields good results when the static noise levels are accurately predicted.

  19. Comparative analysis of cholinesterase activities in food animals using modified Ellman and Michel assays

    PubMed Central

    Askar, Kasim Abass; Kudi, A. Caleb; Moody, A. John

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated correlations between modified Ellman and Michel assay methods for measuring cholinesterase (ChE) activities. It also established a foundation for the applicability of measuring ChE activities in food animal species as biochemical biomarkers for evaluating exposure to and effects of organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides. Measuring ChE activities in blood and tissue is currently the most important method of confirming the diagnosis of such exposure. The study also characterized the level of ChE activity in the selected organs/tissues of these animals and determined the best organ/tissue in which to measure ChE activity. The ChE activities were found to be higher in cattle than in sheep and higher in erythrocytes than in plasma and serum. The anticoagulant heparin significantly affects AChE activity in plasma compared with ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA). Of the different tissues tested, the mean of ChE activities was found to be highest in tissue from liver, followed by lung, muscle, kidney, and heart for sheep and cattle. In pigs, the ChE activities tested higher in kidney, liver, lung, muscle, and heart. The highest activities of ChE were found in pigs, followed by cattle and sheep. There was no significant difference between the modified Ellman and Michel method, but the percentage coefficient of variance (%CV) values were higher when the Michel method was used. PMID:22468023

  20. Determination of the Michel parameters ξ and δ in leptonic τ decays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Albrecht, H.; Hamacher, T.; Hofmann, R. P.; Kirchhoff, T.; Mankel, R.; Nau, A.; Nowak, S.; Reßing, D.; Schröder, H.; Schulz, H. D.; Walter, M.; Wurth, R.; Hast, C.; Kapitza, H.; Kolanoski, H.; Kosche, A.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Töpfer, D.; Wegener, D.; Eckstein, P.; Frankl, C.; Graf, J.; Schmidtler, M.; Schramm, M.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Waldi, R.; Reim, K.; Wegener, H.; Eckmann, R.; Kuipers, H.; Mai, O.; Mundt, R.; Oest, T.; Reiner, R.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Stiewe, J.; Werner, S.; Ehret, K.; Hofmann, W.; Hüpper, A.; Knöpfle, K. T.; Spengler, J.; Krieger, P.; MacFarlane, D. B.; Prentice, J. D.; Saull, P. R. B.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Van de Water, R. G.; Yoon, T.-S.; schneider, M.; Weseler, S.; Kernel, G.; Križan, P.; Križnič, E.; Podobnik, T.; Živko, T.; Balagura, V.; Barsuk, S.; Belyaev, I.; Chistov, R.; Danilov, M.; Gershtein, L.; Gershtein, Yu.; Golutvin, A.; Korolko, I.; Kostina, G.; Litvintsev, D.; Pakhlov, P.; Semenov, S.; Snizhko, A.; Tichomirov, I.; Zaitsev, Yu.

    1995-02-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e+e- storage ring DORIS II, we have determined the Michel parameters ξ and δ of τ ∓ → l ∓ν ν- decays. With an integrated luminosity of 445 pb -1 around s= 10 GeV, we have produced approximately 415000 τ-pairs. From this data sample, 3262 events were selected with e +e - → τ +τ - → (l ±ν ν-) (π ∓π +π -ν) . The semihadronic decay was used as analyser of the τ-spin and made possible - owing to the spin correlations - the determination of the parity-violating Michel parameters ξ and δ in the decay τ ∓ → l ∓ν ν-. Simultaneously to the determination of the Michel parameters, a measurement of the τ-neutrino helicity hντ in the decay τ∓ → π∓π+π-ν was obtained. We observed hντ = -0.85 -0.17+0.15 ± 0.05, ϱ = 0.721 ± 0.040 ± 0.021, ξ = 1.26 -0.26+0.30 ± 0.09, and ξδ = 0.77 -0.16+0.18 ± 0.05. In addition, the combined ARGUS result on hντ, ϱ, ξ, and ξδ are reported using this work and previous measurements.

  1. [On Michel Foucault's unpublished lectures on Ludwig Binswanger's existential analysis (Lille 1953-54)].

    PubMed

    Basso, Elisabetta

    2016-12-01

    This paper aims to analyze Michel Foucault's position toward phenomenological psychology and psychopathology during the 1950s, in light of the new documentary sources available today. Our investigation is especially focused on one of the courses given by Foucault at the University of Lille between 1952 and 1954, namely, the course on "Binswanger and phenomenology" (1953-54). The analysis of this course, which was conceived by Foucault within the context of a philosophical reflection on the anthropological problem of psychopathology, will finally allow us to re-ascribe Foucault the place he deserves in the field of "philosophy of psychiatry". PMID:27550458

  2. Monte Carlo study of the measurement of the Michel parameters in the radiative decay of the τ at Belle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shimizu, N.; Aihara, H.; Epifanov, D.

    2016-07-01

    Michel parameters are kinematic values defined as bilinear combinations of the coupling terms in the general matrix element of the Fermi interaction where all possible Lorentz-invariant scalar, vector and tensor terms are included. The leptonic τ decays provide an excellent laboratory in which to measure the Michel parameters. Any deviation of these parameters from the Standard Model expectation would indicate New Physics. Two Michel parameters, η bar and ξκ, can only be measured in the radiative leptonic decay. These parameters have previously been measured in the radiative decay of the muon but as yet have not been measured in τ decays. We report the results of a feasibility study of the measurement of η bar and ξκ in radiative leptonic τ decays at Belle and Belle II.

  3. Completed Beltrami-Michell formulation for analyzing mixed boundary value problems in elasticity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Patnaik, Surya N.; Kaljevic, Igor; Hopkins, Dale A.; Saigal, Sunil

    1995-01-01

    In elasticity, the method of forces, wherein stress parameters are considered as the primary unknowns, is known as the Beltrami-Michell formulation (BMF). The existing BMF can only solve stress boundary value problems; it cannot handle the more prevalent displacement of mixed boundary value problems of elasticity. Therefore, this formulation, which has restricted application, could not become a true alternative to the Navier's displacement method, which can solve all three types of boundary value problems. The restrictions in the BMF have been alleviated by augmenting the classical formulation with a novel set of conditions identified as the boundary compatibility conditions. This new method, which completes the classical force formulation, has been termed the completed Beltrami-Michell formulation (CBMF). The CBMF can solve general elasticity problems with stress, displacement, and mixed boundary conditions in terms of stresses as the primary unknowns. The CBMF is derived from the stationary condition of the variational functional of the integrated force method. In the CBMF, stresses for kinematically stable structures can be obtained without any reference to the displacements either in the field or on the boundary. This paper presents the CBMF and its derivation from the variational functional of the integrated force method. Several examples are presented to demonstrate the applicability of the completed formulation for analyzing mixed boundary value problems under thermomechanical loads. Selected example problems include a cylindrical shell wherein membrane and bending responses are coupled, and a composite circular plate.

  4. Michel parameters and τ neutrino helicity from decay correlations in Z → τ+τ-

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buskulic, D.; Casper, D.; de Bonis, I.; Decamp, D.; Ghez, P.; Goy, C.; Lees, J.-P.; Minard, M.-N.; Odier, P.; Pietrzyk, B.; Ariztizabal, F.; Chmeissani, M.; Crespo, J. M.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Fernandez, E.; Fernandez-Bosman, M.; Gaitan, V.; Garrido, Ll.; Martinez, M.; Orteu, S.; Pacheco, A.; Padilla, C.; Palla, F.; Pascual, A.; Perlas, J. A.; Sanchez, F.; Teubert, F.; Creanza, D.; de Palma, M.; Farilla, A.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, G.; Marinelli, N.; Natali, S.; Nuzzo, S.; Ranieri, A.; Raso, G.; Romano, F.; Ruggieri, F.; Selvaggi, G.; Silvestris, L.; Tempesta, P.; Zito, G.; Huang, X.; Lin, J.; Ouyang, O.; Wang, T.; Xie, Y.; Xu, R.; Xue, S.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, W.; Bonvicini, G.; Cattaneo, M.; Comas, P.; Coyle, P.; Drevermann, H.; Engelhardt, A.; Forty, R. W.; Frank, M.; Ganis, G.; Girone, M.; Hagelberg, R.; Harvey, J.; Jacobsen, R.; Jost, B.; Knobloch, J.; Lehraus, I.; Maggi, M.; Markou, C.; Martin, E. B.; Mato, P.; Meinhard, H.; Minten, A.; Miquel, R.; Palazzi, P.; Pater, J. R.; Perrodo, P.; Pusztaszeri, J.-F.; Ranjard, F.; Rolandi, L.; Schlatter, D.; Schmelling, M.; Tejessy, W.; Tomalin, I. R.; Veenhof, R.; Venturi, A.; Wachsmuth, H.; Wiedenmann, W.; Wildish, T.; Witzeling, W.; Wotschack, J.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Bardadin-Otwinowska, M.; Barres, A.; Boyer, C.; Falvard, A.; Gay, P.; Guicheney, C.; Henrard, P.; Jousset, J.; Michel, B.; Monteil, S.; Montret, J.-C.; Pallin, D.; Perret, P.; Podlyski, F.; Proriol, J.; Rossignol, J.-M.; Saadi, F.; Fearnley, T.; Hansen, J. B.; Hansen, J. D.; Hansen, J. R.; Hansen, P. H.; Johnson, S. D.; Nilsson, B. S.; Kyriakis, A.; Simopoulou, E.; Siotis, I.; Vayaki, A.; Zachariadou, K.; Blondel, A.; Bonneaud, G.; Brient, J. C.; Bourdon, P.; Passalacqua, L.; Rougé, A.; Rumpf, M.; Tanaka, R.; Valassi, A.; Verderi, M.; Videau, H.; Candlin, D. J.; Parsons, M. I.; Veitch, E.; Focardi, E.; Parrini, G.; Corden, M.; Delfino, M.; Georgiopoulos, C.; Jaffe, D. E.; Antonelli, A.; Bencivenni, G.; Bologna, G.; Bossi, F.; Campana, P.; Capon, G.; Cerutti, F.; Chiarella, V.; Felici, G.; Laurelli, P.; Mannocchi, G.; Murtas, F.; Murtas, G. P.; Pepe-Altarelli, M.; Salomone, S.; Colrain, P.; Ten Have, I.; Knowles, I. G.; Lynch, J. G.; Maitland, W.; Morton, W. T.; Raine, C.; Reeves, P.; Scarr, J. M.; Smith, K.; Smith, M. G.; Thompson, A. S.; Thorn, S.; Turnbull, R. M.; Becker, U.; Braun, O.; Geweniger, C.; Graefe, G.; Hanke, P.; Hepp, V.; Kluge, E. E.; Putzer, A.; Rensch, B.; Schmidt, M.; Sommer, J.; Stenzel, H.; Tittel, K.; Wunsch, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Binnie, D. M.; Cameron, W.; Colling, D. J.; Dornan, P. J.; Konstantinidis, N.; Moneta, L.; Moutoussi, A.; Nash, J.; San Martin, G.; Sedgbeer, J. K.; Stacey, A. M.; Dissertori, G.; Girtler, P.; Kneringer, E.; Kuhn, D.; Rudolph, G.; Bowdery, C. K.; Brodbeck, T. J.; Finch, A. J.; Foster, F.; Hughes, G.; Jackson, D.; Keemer, N. R.; Nuttall, M.; Patel, A.; Sloan, T.; Snow, S. W.; Whelan, E. P.; Galla, A.; Greene, A. M.; Kleinknecht, K.; Raab, J.; Renk, B.; Sander, H.-G.; Schmidt, H.; Walther, S. M.; Wanke, R.; Wolf, B.; Aubert, J. J.; Bencheikh, A. M.; Benchouk, C.; Bonissent, A.; Bujosa, G.; Calvet, D.; Carr, J.; Diaconu, C.; Etienne, F.; Thulasidas, M.; Nicod, D.; Payre, P.; Rousseau, D.; Talby, M.; Abt, I.; Assmann, R.; Bauer, C.; Blum, W.; Brown, D.; Dietl, H.; Dydak, F.; Gotzhein, C.; Halley, A. W.; Jakobs, K.; Kroha, H.; Lütjens, G.; Lutz, G.; Männer, W.; Moser, H.-G.; Richter, R.; Rosado-Schlosser, A.; Schwarz, A. S.; Settles, R.; Seywerd, H.; Stierlin, U.; Denis, R. St.; Wolf, G.; Alemany, R.; Boucrot, J.; Callot, O.; Cordier, A.; Courault, F.; Davier, M.; Duflot, L.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Heusse, Ph.; Jacquet, M.; Janot, P.; Kim, D. W.; Le Diberder, F.; Lefrançois, J.; Lutz, A.-M.; Musolino, G.; Nikolic, I.; Park, H. J.; Park, I. C.; Schune, M.-H.; Simion, S.; Veillet, J.-J.; Videau, I.; Abbaneo, D.; Bagliesi, G.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Bottigli, U.; Bozzi, C.; Calderini, G.; Carpinelli, M.; Ciocci, M. A.; Ciulli, V.; Dell'Orso, R.; Ferrante, I.; Fidecaro, F.; Foà, L.; Forti, F.; Giassi, A.; Giorgi, M. A.; Gregorio, A.; Ligabue, F.; Lusiani, A.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Messineo, A.; Rizzo, G.; Sanguinetti, G.; Sciabà, A.; Spagnolo, P.; Steinberger, J.; Tenchini, R.; Tonelli, G.; Triggiani, G.; Vannini, C.; Verdini, P. G.; Walsh, J.; Betteridge, A. P.; Blair, G. A.; Bryant, L. M.; Gao, Y.; Green, M. G.; Johnson, D. L.; Medcalf, T.; Mir, Ll. M.; Strong, J. A.; Bertin, V.; Botterill, D. R.; Clifft, R. W.; Edgecock, T. R.; Haywood, S.; Edwards, M.; Maley, P.; Norton, P. R.; Thompson, J. C.; Bloch-Devaux, B.; Colas, P.; Duarte, H.; Emery, S.; Kozanecki, W.; Lançon, E.; Lemaire, M. C.; Locci, E.; Marx, B.; Perez, P.; Rander, J.; Renardy, J.-F.; Rosowsky, A.; Roussarie, A.; Schuller, J.-P.; Schwindling, J.; Si Mohand, D.; Trabelsi, A.; Vallage, B.; Johnson, R. P.; Litke, A. M.; Taylor, G.; Wear, J.; Beddall, A.; Booth, C. N.; Boswell, R.; Cartwright, S.; Combley, F.; Dawson, I.; Koksal, A.; Letho, M.; Newton, W. M.; Rankin, C.; Thompson, L. F.; Böhrer, A.; Brandt, S.; Cowan, G.; Feigl, E.; Grupen, C.; Lutters, G.; Minguet-Rodriguez, J.; Rivera, F.; Saraiva, P.; Schäfer, U.; Smolik, L.; Bosisio, L.; Della Marina, R.; Giannini, G.; Gobbo, B.; Pitis, L.; Ragusa, F.; Kim, H.; Rothberg, J.; Wasserbaech, S.; Armstrong, S. R.; Bellantoni, L.; Elmer, P.; Feng, Z.; Ferguson, D. P. S.; Gao, Y. S.; González, S.; Grahl, J.; Harton, J. L.; Hayes, O. J.; Hu, H.; McNamara, P. A.; Nachtman, J. M.; Orejudos, W.; Pan, Y. B.; Saadi, Y.; Schmitt, M.; Scott, I. J.; Sharma, V.; Turk, J. D.; Walsh, A. M.; Weber, F. V.; Wu, Sau Lan; Wu, X.; Yamartino, J. M.; Zheng, M.; Zobernig, G.; Aleph Collaboration

    1995-02-01

    The Michel parameters and the average τ-neutrino helicity are measured using correlations between the decays of the τ+ and τ- produced on the Z resonance and observed in the ALEPH detector at LEP. The Michel parameters, ϱl, ηl, ξl, ( δξ) l, are determined from τ → l overlineνlν τ with l = ( e, μ), and the average τ neutrino helicity, < h( ντ)>, from τ → hν with h = ( π, ϱ, a1). The results obtained with e- μ universality are: ϱl = 0.751±0.039±0.022, ηl = -0.04±0.15±0.11, ξl = 1.18±0.15±0.06, ( δξ) l = 0.88±0.11±0.07, and the average τ neutrino helicity < h( ντ)> = -1.006±0.032±0.019. No significant deviation from the Standard Model V-A prediction is observed.

  5. Recent Evolution of the Mont Saint-Michel Bay as seen by ALOS AVNIR-2 Data (ADEN AO 3643)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deroin, Jean-Paul; Bilaudeau, Clelia; Deffontaines, Benoit

    2008-11-01

    The ALOS AVNIR-2 scene acquired on October 24, 2007 has been used for drawing a new map of the Mont Saint-Michel Bay. This area is characterised by a large dry-fallen tidal flat, one of the largest in the world. The tidal records indicate that the ALOS datatake was acquired in favorable conditions, the elevation of the sea at 2.56 m being very close to the theoretical minimum value (about 2.30 m). In these conditions, the largest tidal flat observed by a sun-synchronous satellite on the Mont Saint-Michel Bay is exposed.

  6. The Consequence of Sustaining a Pathology: Scientific Stagnation--A Commentary on the Target Article "Is Psychometrics a Pathological Science?" by Joel Michell

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrett, Paul

    2008-01-01

    For more than 20 years, Joel Michell has explicated the properties and requirements of quantitative measurement, in books, papers, conference papers, and workshops. In 1997, he published "Quantitative Science and the Definition of Measurement in Psychology." In his paper, Michell deals with facts about measurement. The author of this article…

  7. Michel Hersen and the Development of Social Skills Training: Historical Perspective of an Academic Scholar and Pioneer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Peter M.

    2012-01-01

    As a distinguished scholar over the past 45 years, Michel Hersen has left an indelible mark on the field of behavior therapy and clinical psychology. One of his most enduring legacies is his early research work in the area of social skills assessment and training, with special attention to assertiveness training. His basic analogue and clinical…

  8. Shorebird community variations indicative of a general perturbation in the Mont-Saint-Michel bay (France).

    PubMed

    Eybert, Marie-Christine; Geslin, Thomas; Questiau, Sophie; Feunteun, Eric

    2003-08-01

    The Mont-Saint-Michel bay located on the East Atlantic Flyway is the first site in France for wintering shorebirds, with, on average, 53,000 individuals in January. Seven species represent 96% of that community: dunlin (Calidris alpina), knot (Calidris canutus), oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus), curlew (Numenius arquata), grey plover (Pluvialis squatarola), bar-tailed godwit (Limosa lapponica) and black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa). The international bird census organised by Wetlands International in mid-January gave us the opportunity to study, for a 23 years period, population variations in the bay. Despite a quite good carrying capacity, we showed that the decreasing proportion of 4 species in the bay relative to the other French populations may indicate a general perturbation of the bay. We discuss the different hypotheses to explain that observation. PMID:14558463

  9. Lungo le vie di pellegrinaggio: la lezione astronomica di Gerberto a San Michele della Chiusa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paladino, Laura C.

    A pilgrim on the trails of the Earth: that's how Gerbertus appears to us in the years preceding his pontificate as well in those, brief and intense, in which he was Pope. An ardent pilgrim of faith moved at the same time by vast intellectual interests that allowed him to come into contact with the most important schools of the time, of any cultural tradition; a pilgrim full of love, willing to transmit the enormous heritage of faith and knowledge of which he was custodian. The presence of the illustrious Benedictine is not explicitly documented in the Abbey of San Michele della Chiusa, but the signs of its cultural and ideological influence are evident both in historical memory as in the artistical vestiges of the Sacra: we investigate here, this presence, authoritative, original and versatile, to outline another aspect, still little investigated, of the lesson of Gerbert, monk, scientist, teacher and pastor.

  10. Dawn of High Energy Spin Physics — In Memory of Michel Borghini

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Masaike, Akira

    2016-02-01

    High energy spin physics with the polarized proton target in 1960s is shown. The dynamic polarization in which the electronic polarization is transferred to protons in paramagnetic material by means of magnetic coupling was proposed at the beginning of 1960s. The first N-N experiment using a polarized proton target was performed with the crystal of La2Mg3 (NO3)1224H2O at CEN-Saclay and Berkeley in 1962, followed by π-p experiments in several laboratories. Protons in organic materials were found to be polarized up to 80% in 3He cryostats in 1969. It was helpful for large background experiments. High proton polarization was interpreted in the spin temperature theory. Spin frozen targets were constructed in early 1970s and used for experiments which require wide access angle. Michel Borghini was a main player for almost all the above works.

  11. STS-93 M.S. Michel Tognini suits up before launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    For the third time, in the Operations and Checkout Building, STS- 93 Mission Specialist Michel Tognini of France, who represents the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), waves after donning his launch and entry suit during final launch preparations. After Space Shuttle Columbia's July 20 and 22 launch attempts were scrubbed, the launch was again rescheduled for Friday, July 23, at 12:24 a.m. EDT. STS-93 is a five-day mission primarily to release the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which will allow scientists from around the world to study some of the most distant, powerful and dynamic objects in the universe. The STS-93 crew numbers five: Commander Eileen M. Collins, Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby, and Mission Specialists Stephen A. Hawley (Ph.D.), Catherine G. Coleman (Ph.D.) and Tognini. Collins is the first woman to serve as commander of a shuttle mission.

  12. Measurement of the τ Neutrino Helicity and Michel Parameters in Polarized e+e- Collisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abe, K.; Abe, K.; Akagi, T.; Allen, N. J.; Ash, W. W.; Aston, D.; Baird, K. G.; Baltay, C.; Band, H. R.; Barakat, M. B.; Baranko, G.; Bardon, O.; Barklow, T. L.; Bashindzhagyan, G. L.; Bazarko, A. O.; Ben-David, R.; Benvenuti, A. C.; Bilei, G. M.; Bisello, D.; Blaylock, G.; Bogart, J. R.; Bolen, B.; Bolton, T.; Bower, G. R.; Brau, J. E.; Breidenbach, M.; Bugg, W. M.; Burke, D.; Burnett, T. H.; Burrows, P. N.; Busza, W.; Calcaterra, A.; Caldwell, D. O.; Calloway, D.; Camanzi, B.; Carpinelli, M.; Cassell, R.; Castaldi, R.; Castro, A.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Chou, A.; Church, E.; Cohn, H. O.; Coller, J. A.; Cook, V.; Cotton, R.; Cowan, R. F.; Coyne, D. G.; Crawford, G.; D'Oliveira, A.; Damerell, C. J.; Daoudi, M.; de Sangro, R.; dell'Orso, R.; Dervan, P. J.; Dima, M.; Dong, D. N.; Du, P. Y.; Dubois, R.; Eisenstein, B. I.; Elia, R.; Etzion, E.; Fahey, S.; Falciai, D.; Fan, C.; Fernandez, J. P.; Fero, M. J.; Frey, R.; Furuno, K.; Gillman, T.; Gladding, G.; Gonzalez, S.; Hart, E. L.; Harton, J. L.; Hasan, A.; Hasegawa, Y.; Hasuko, K.; Hedges, S. J.; Hertzbach, S. S.; Hildreth, M. D.; Huber, J.; Huffer, M. E.; Hughes, E. W.; Hwang, H.; Iwasaki, Y.; Jackson, D. J.; Jacques, P.; Jaros, J. A.; Johnson, A. S.; Johnson, J. R.; Johnson, R. A.; Junk, T.; Kajikawa, R.; Kalelkar, M.; Kang, H. J.; Karliner, I.; Kawahara, H.; Kendall, H. W.; Kim, Y. D.; King, M. E.; King, R.; Kofler, R. R.; Krishna, N. M.; Kroeger, R. S.; Labs, J. F.; Langston, M.; Lath, A.; Lauber, J. A.; Leith, D. W.; Lia, V.; Liu, M. X.; Liu, X.; Loreti, M.; Lu, A.; Lynch, H. L.; Ma, J.; Mancinelli, G.; Manly, S.; Mantovani, G.; Markiewicz, T. W.; Maruyama, T.; Masuda, H.; Mazzucato, E.; McKemey, A. K.; Meadows, B. T.; Messner, R.; Mockett, P. M.; Moffeit, K. C.; Moore, T. B.; Muller, D.; Nagamine, T.; Narita, S.; Nauenberg, U.; Neal, H.; Nussbaum, M.; Ohnishi, Y.; Osborne, L. S.; Panvini, R. S.; Park, C. H.; Park, H.; Pavel, T. J.; Peruzzi, I.; Piccolo, M.; Piemontese, L.; Pieroni, E.; Pitts, K. T.; Plano, R. J.; Prepost, R.; Prescott, C. Y.; Punkar, G. D.; Quigley, J.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Reeves, T. W.; Reidy, J.; Reinertsen, P. L.; Rensing, P. E.; Rochester, L. S.; Rowson, P. C.; Russell, J. J.; Saxton, O. H.; Schalk, T.; Schindler, R. H.; Schumm, B. A.; Sen, S.; Serbo, V. V.; Shaevitz, M. H.; Shank, J. T.; Shapiro, G.; Sherden, D. J.; Shmakov, K. D.; Simopoulos, C.; Sinev, N. B.; Smith, S. R.; Smy, M. B.; Snyder, J. A.; Stamer, P.; Steiner, H.; Steiner, R.; Strauss, M. G.; Su, D.; Suekane, F.; Sugiyama, A.; Suzuki, S.; Swartz, M.; Szumilo, A.; Takahashi, T.; Taylor, F. E.; Torrence, E.; Trandafir, A. I.; Turk, J. D.; Usher, T.; Va'Vra, J.; Vannini, C.; Vella, E.; Venuti, J. P.; Verdier, R.; Verdini, P. G.; Wagner, D. L.; Wagner, S. R.; Waite, A. P.; Watts, S. J.; Weidemann, A. W.; Weiss, E. R.; Whitaker, J. S.; White, S. L.; Wickens, F. J.; Williams, D. A.; Williams, D. C.; Williams, S. H.; Willocq, S.; Wilson, R. J.; Wisniewski, W. J.; Woods, M.; Word, G. B.; Wyss, J.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Yamartino, J. M.; Yang, X.; Yashima, J.; Yellin, S. J.; Young, C. C.; Yuta, H.; Zapalac, G.; Zdarko, R. W.; Zhou, J.

    1997-06-01

    We present a new measurement of the τ neutrino helicity hντ and the τ Michel parameters ρ, η, ξ, and the product δξ. The analysis exploits the highly polarized SLC electron beam to extract these quantities directly from a measurement of the τ decay spectra, using the 1993-1995 SLD data sample of 4328 e+e--->Z0-->τ+τ- events. From the decays τ-->πντ and τ-->ρντ we obtain a combined value hντ = -0.93+/-0.10+/-0.04. The leptonic decay channels yield combined values of ρ = 0.72+/-0.09+/-0.03, ξ = 1.05+/-0.35+/-0.04, and δξ = 0.88+/-0.27+/-0.04.

  13. The Concept of Practice, Enlightenment Rationality and Education: A Speculative Reading of Michel de Certeau's "The Writing of History"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giles, Graham

    2014-01-01

    This article proposes a reading of Michel de Certeau's "The Writing of History" which derives an understanding of the concept of practice as authoritative to the establishment and development of Enlightenment rationality. It is seen as a new form of legitimation established in the redeployment of religious "formalities" in…

  14. Calibrating the MicroBooNE Photomultiplier Tube (PMT) Array with Michel Electrons from Cosmic Ray Muons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greene, Amy

    2013-04-01

    MicroBooNE is a neutrino experiment at Fermilab designed to investigate the 3σ low-energy electron candidate events measured by the MiniBooNE experiment. Neutrinos from the Booster Neutrino Beam are detected by a 89-ton liquid argon time projection chamber, which is expected to start taking data in 2014. MicroBooNE measures both the ionization electrons and scintillation light produced by neutrino interactions in the liquid argon. The scintillation light is collected by an array of 30 PMTs located at one side of the detector. This array can be calibrated using Michel electrons from stopping cosmic ray muons, by fitting the measured PMT response with the theoretical expectation. I will report on the progress of the PMT calibration software that has been developed using the MicroBooNE Monte Carlo.

  15. Determination of the Michel parameters ρ, ξ, and δ in τ-lepton decays with τ-->ρν tags

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Argus Collaboration; Albrecht, H.; Hamacher, T.; Hofmann, R. P.; Kirchhoff, T.; Mankel, R.; Nau, A.; Nowak, S.; Reßing, D.; Schröder, H.; Schulz, H. D.; Walter, M.; Wurth, R.; Hast, C.; Kapitza, H.; Kolanoski, H.; Kosche, A.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Thurn, H.; Töpfer, D.; Wegener, D.; Frankl, C.; Graf, J.; Schmidtler, M.; Schramm, M.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Spaan, B.; Waldi, R.; Reim, K.; Wegener, H.; Eckmann, R.; Kuipers, H.; Mai, O.; Mundt, R.; Oest, T.; Reiner, R.; Rohde, A.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Stiewe, J.; Werner, S.; Ehret, K.; Hofmann, W.; Hüpper, A.; Knöpfle, K. T.; Spengler, J.; Krieger, P.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Prentice, J. D.; Saull, P. R. B.; Tzamariudaki, K.; van de Water, R. G.; Yoon, T.-S.; Schneider, M.; Weseler, S.; Bračko, M.; Kernel, G.; Križan, P.; Križnič, E.; Medin, G.; Podobnik, T.; Živko, T.; Balagura, V.; Barsuk, S.; Belyaev, I.; Chistov, R.; Danilov, M.; Eiges, V.; Gershtein, L.; Gershtein, Yu.; Golutvin, A.; Igonkina, O.; Korolko, I.; Kostina, G.; Litvintsev, D.; Pakhlov, P.; Semenov, S.; Snizhko, A.; Tichomirov, I.; Zaitsev, Yu.

    1998-07-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e+e- storage ring DORIS II, we have measured the Michel parameters ρ, ξ, and ξδ for τ+/--->l+/-νν¯ decays in τ-pair events produced at center of mass energies in the region of the Υ resonances. Using τ-/+-->ρ-/+ν as spin analyzing tags, we find ρe=0.68+/-0.04+/-0.08, ξe=1.12+/-0.20+/-0.09, ξδe=0.57+/-0.14+/-0.07, ρμ=0.69+/-0.06+/-0.08, ξμ=1.25+/-0.27+/-0.14 and ξδμ=0.72+/-0.18+/-0.10. In addition, we report the combined ARGUS results on ρ, ξ, and ξδ using this work und previous measurements.

  16. Assessing the role of benthic filter feeders on phytoplankton production in a shellfish farming site: Mont Saint Michel Bay, France

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cugier, Philippe; Struski, Caroline; Blanchard, Michel; Mazurié, Joseph; Pouvreau, Stéphane; Olivier, Frédéric; Trigui, Jihane R.; Thiébaut, Eric

    2010-07-01

    The macrobenthic community of Mont Saint Michel Bay (English Channel, France) is mainly dominated by filter feeders, including cultivated species (oysters and mussels). An ecological model of the bay was developed, coupling a 2D hydro-sedimentary model and two biological models for primary production and filter-feeder filtration. The filter-feeder model includes three cultivated species ( Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas and Ostrea edulis), one invasive species ( Crepidula fornicata) and eight wild native species ( Abra alba, Cerastoderma edule, Glycymeris glycymeris, Lanice conchilega, Macoma balthica, Paphia rhomboides, Sabellaria alveolata, andSpisula ovalis). For cultivated and invasive species, the production of biodeposits was computed to assess their role in restimulating primary production. Chlorophyll a concentrations appeared to be strongly controlled by the filter feeders. When the pressure of each benthic compartment on phytoplankton was estimated separately wild species and the invasive slipper limpet C.fornicata were shown to be key elements in the control of primary production. Conversely, the role of cultivated species, particularly oysters, was weaker. Feedback due to the mineralization of biodeposits also appears to be crucial to fully evaluate the role of filter feeders in primary production.

  17. Discovery of challacolloite, an uncommon chloride, on a fifteenth-century polychrome terracotta relief by Michele da Firenze

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bezur, Anikó; Kavich, Gwénaëlle; Stenger, Jens; Torok, Elena; Snow, Carol

    2015-10-01

    The fifteenth-century gilt and polychromed terracotta relief, Virgin and Child by Michele da Firenze in the collection of the Yale University Art Gallery, was recently conserved in preparation for exhibition. The crystallization of water-soluble salts was suspected as the main reason behind its poor condition. Characterization of powdery deposits over remaining polychromy revealed the presence of KPb2Cl5 in addition to gypsum and other minor components. Detection of potassium lead chloride has not been previously reported in association with cultural heritage objects. The synthetic form of this compound has garnered attention during the past two decades due to its potential optical applications in the infrared region. In nature it occurs as challacolloite, a mineral first named only in 2005 in scientific literature and that primarily forms at high temperatures in fumaroles of volcanos, including those in Italy. The presence of this compound limits the types of materials that can be safely used in conservation treatment applications related to cleaning and consolidation, and therefore, its detection is important. This paper provides information that can serve as a reference for identifying other instances of challacolloite. The form and distribution of challacolloite on the Virgin and Child indicates that the compound is generated in situ and that crystal nucleation and growth result in loss of cohesion within paint layers, delamination of paint layers, and damage to the terracotta substrate. Possible rationales for the formation of this unusual compound are proposed.

  18. Node-Wise Topological Shape Optimum Design for Structural Reinforced Modeling of Michell-Type Concrete Deep Beams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Dongkyu; Park, Sungsoo; Shin, Soomi

    This study presents an associated structural design to continuous material topology optimization and a particular case of shape optimization using node-wise densities as design parameters. The generation of optimal shapes and topologies represented in this study is based on a three-dimensional density function bilinearly interpolated by element shape functions and nodal densities. The material interface between void and solid regions is described by a specific 0.5 cut-off level of continuous and smooth iso-lines of the nodal density function on a fixed mesh. This approach allows us to perform a simultaneous node-wise topology and shape optimization, which can be easily implemented by existing gradient-based optimization codes. Contrary to those of conventional material topology optimization methods, these optimal solutions are similar to ideal optimal solutions from analytical optimization techniques. Numerical examples for structural reinforced modeling of Michell-type concrete deep beams are used to demonstrate the efficiency and superiority of the resolutions of the present method.

  19. Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation for a Dirac-Pauli dyon and the Thomas-Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Tsung-Wei; Chiou, Dah-Wei

    2010-07-01

    The classical dynamics for a charged point particle with intrinsic spin is governed by a relativistic Hamiltonian for the orbital motion and by the Thomas-Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equation for the precession of the spin. It is natural to ask whether the classical Hamiltonian (with both the orbital and spin parts) is consistent with that in the relativistic quantum theory for a spin-1/2 charged particle, which is described by the Dirac equation. In the low-energy limit, up to terms of the seventh order in 1/Eg (Eg=2mc2 and m is the particle mass), we investigate the Foldy-Wouthuysen (FW) transformation of the Dirac Hamiltonian in the presence of homogeneous and static electromagnetic fields and show that it is indeed in agreement with the classical Hamiltonian with the gyromagnetic ratio being equal to 2. Through electromagnetic duality, this result can be generalized for a spin-1/2 dyon, which has both electric and magnetic charges and thus possesses both intrinsic electric and magnetic dipole moments. Furthermore, the relativistic quantum theory for a spin-1/2 dyon with arbitrary values of the gyromagnetic and gyroelectric ratios can be described by the Dirac-Pauli equation, which is the Dirac equation with augmentation for the anomalous electric and anomalous magnetic dipole moments. The FW transformation of the Dirac-Pauli Hamiltonian is shown, up to the seventh-order again, to be in accord with the classical Hamiltonian as well.

  20. MAPPING AND MONITORING OF SALT MARSH VEGETATION AND TIDAL CHANNEL NETWORK FROM HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGERY (1975-2006). EXAMPLE OF THE MONT-SAINT-MICHEL BAY (FRANCE)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Puissant, A. P.; Kellerer, D.; Gluard, L.; Levoy, F.

    2009-12-01

    Coastal landscapes are severely affected by environmental and social pressures. Their long term development is controlled by both physical and anthropogenic factors, which spatial dynamics and interactions may be analysed by Earth Observation data. The Mont-Saint-Michel Bay (Normandy, France) is one of the European coastal systems with a very high tidal range (approximately 15m during spring tides) because of its geological, geomorphological and hydrodynamical contexts at the estuary of the Couesnon, Sée and Sélune rivers. It is also an important touristic place with the location of the Mont-Saint-Michel Abbey, and an invaluable ecosystem of wetlands forming a transition between the sea and the land. Since 2006, engineering works are performed with the objective of restoring the maritime character of the Bay. These works will lead to many changes in the spatial dynamics of the Bay which can be monitored with two indicators: the sediment budget and the wetland vegetation surfaces. In this context, the aim of this paper is to map and monitor the tidal channel network and the extension of the salt marsh vegetation formation in the tidal zone of the Mont-Saint-Michel Bay by using satellite images. The spatial correlation between the network location of the three main rivers and the development of salt marsh is analysed with multitemporal medium (60m) to high spatial resolution (from 10 to 30 m) satellite images over the period 1975-2006. The method uses a classical supervised algorithm based on a maximum likelihood classification of eleven satellites images. The salt-marsh surfaces and the tidal channel network are then integrated in a GIS. Results of extraction are assessed by qualitative (visual interpretation) and quantitative indicators (confusion matrix). The multi-temporal analysis between 1975 and 2006 highlights that in 1975 when the study area is 26000 ha, salt marshes cover 16% (3000ha), the sandflat (slikke) and the water represent respectively 59% and 25

  1. Effects of epibionts on Sabellaria alveolata (L.) biogenic reefs and their associated fauna in the Bay of Mont Saint-Michel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dubois, Stanislas; Commito, John A.; Olivier, Frédéric; Retière, Christian

    2006-07-01

    Biogenic structures built by ecosystem engineers such as corals, bivalves, polychaetes, and sea grasses provide habitat for benthic vertebrates and invertebrates. The polychaete Sabellaria alveolata is an important foundation species whose reef structure adds topographic complexity and high levels of biodiversity to the otherwise low-relief, low diversity, soft-bottom environments in the Bay of Mont Saint-Michel, France, where the largest such reef formations in Europe are found. In this bay, reefs are being increasingly colonised by oysters ( Crassostrea gigas) from local aquaculture operations and by green algae ( Ulva sp.) due to the increasing inputs of nitrates from terrestrial origin. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible impacts of epibiotic oysters and green algae on the S. alveolata population and reef community structure in the Bay of Mont Saint-Michel, France. Univariate and multivariate comparisons of macrofauna were conducted for five reef types: controls (no epibionts), low oyster density, high oyster density, green algae, and oyster and green algae. Results showed that all the three reef types with oysters had significantly higher species richness and diversity values than control and algae-only reef types. Pairwise ANOSIM and SIMPER comparisons of controls versus the four reef types with epibionts revealed that all three of the reef types with oysters were significantly different from controls, but there was no significant difference between controls and algae-only reef types. A striking feature of the reef comparisons is that no single species in this species-rich system contributed more than 8.86% to the dissimilarity between the reef types. Thus, k-dominance curves for species abundances were not effective in revealing differences among the reef types. Our results demonstrate that recent anthropogenic inputs of oysters affect the reef species assemblage more strongly than algal epibionts. In addition, epibionts, especially

  2. Expression of a rice chitinase gene in transgenic banana ('Gros Michel', AAA genome group) confers resistance to black leaf streak disease.

    PubMed

    Kovács, Gabriella; Sági, László; Jacon, Géraldine; Arinaitwe, Geofrey; Busogoro, Jean-Pierre; Thiry, Els; Strosse, Hannelore; Swennen, Rony; Remy, Serge

    2013-02-01

    Transgenic banana (Musa acuminata 'Gros Michel') integrating either of two rice chitinase genes was generated and its resistance to Black Leaf Streak disease caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis was tested using a leaf disk bioassay. PCR screening indicated the presence of the hpt selectable marker gene in more than 90 % of the lines tested, whereas more than three quarters of the lines contained the linked rice chitinase gene resulting in a co-transformation frequency of at least 71.4 %. Further, a unique stable integration of the transgenes in each line revealed some false negative PCR results and the expected co-transformation frequency of 100 %. The transgene insert number per line ranged from 1 to 5 and single transgene insert lines (25 % of all) were identified. Considerable delay in disease development (up to 63 days post-incoculation) over a monitoring period of 108 days occurred in nine lines with extracellularly targeted chitinase out of 17 transgenic lines tested and their necrotic leaf area decreased by 73-94 % compared to the untransformed susceptible control line. Finally, correlation between symptom development and rice chitinase expression was confirmed in two lines by Western analysis. The potential of rice chitinase genes to enhance resistance against M. fijiensis in banana was demonstrated as well as the usefulness of the leaf disk bioassay for early disease screening in transgenic banana lines. PMID:22791138

  3. Shelly cheniers on a modern macrotidal flat (Mont-Saint-Michel bay, France) — Internal architecture revealed by ground-penetrating radar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weill, Pierre; Tessier, Bernadette; Mouazé, Dominique; Bonnot-Courtois, Chantal; Norgeot, Christophe

    2012-11-01

    The relationship between short-term morphodynamics and internal structure of shelly chenier ridges is investigated using ground-penetrating radar and core X-ray analysis, complemented with a comparison of aerial photographs. These cheniers are located on the uppermost part of a macrotidal flat in Mont-Saint-Michel bay (North-Western France). They actively migrate landward over the salt-marshes by washover processes when they are submerged during the coincidence of spring tides and enhanced wave activity. The architecture of the cheniers is imaged using high-frequency radar antennas (400 MHz to 2.6 GHz). Three types of cheniers are recognized, featuring differences in morphology and internal structure. The altitude of the banks on the tidal flat relative to the level of tidal flooding, as well as local sediment supply, seem to be important forcing parameters in chenier development and stages of evolution. On a multi-annual time scale, evolution of this chenier system is influenced by a combination of the 18-year and the 4-year tidal cycles, superimposed on wave activity. During minima of the 18-year cycle, spring tide level is globally lower on the tidal flat, allowing salt marsh progradation and chenier ridge development. During peak periods of the tidal cycle, former barriers are reworked by wave action and experience onshore migration associated with salt marsh erosion. The 4-year tidal cycle coupled with enhanced wave activity is probably responsible for the deposition of large washover units, observed in GPR reflection profiles.

  4. Changes in photosynthetic yield (Fv/Fm) responses of salt-marsh microalgal communities along an osmotic gradient (Mont-Saint-Michel Bay, France)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Rouzic, Bertrand

    2012-12-01

    The response of salt-marsh microphytobenthic communities to daily changes is characterized by high microalgal growth rates. In comparison, the irregular tidal submersions that prevail in the extreme macrotidal system of "La Baie du Mont-Saint-Michel" (France) could be considered as a large-scale disturbance. The physiological capacities of microphytobenthic communities along a salinity gradient were assessed for rapid response to osmotic stress, salinity tolerance and changes in response to short-time submersion. The photosynthetic system response (Fv/Fm) of microphytobenthic communities sampled at different levels of the saltmarsh along a conductivity gradient was studied during spring-tide and neap-tide periods. All samples demonstrated a dominant adaptation of the microalgal community to coastal seawater salinity, but response heterogeneity ruled out euryhaline adaptation as the global response of microphytobenthic taxa. The higher and lower salinity tolerances at the seaward and uppermost stations, respectively, were probably due to the occurrence of oversalted or undersalted habitats during the neap tide period. Moreover, the seaward communities were characterized by successive stimulation and inhibition of Fv/Fm during the spring tide period. Such a phenomenon could result from the opposing influences of sea submersion, which supplies resources on the one hand and destabilizes the biofilm on the other hand. Despite the singular response of these saltmarsh microphytobenthic communities to a conductivity gradient, the rapid and irregular salinity changes due to seawater submersion cannot be considered as a stressor for the dominant taxa.

  5. [The miraculous minerals of Michele Mercati. Natural history between medicine and the clergy in Rome in the second half of the Sixteenth century].

    PubMed

    Touber, Jetze

    2006-01-01

    Many Italian scholars in the sixteenth century studied minerals. This was not only for the sake of increasing geological knowledge. Minerals, like all other natural phenomena, reflected divine order. Minerals were thought of as a broader category than the lifeless substances found beneath the crust of the earth. Stones, generated in animal and human bodies, were included among minerals, as well. The appearance of kidney stones, gall stones and bladder stones in early modern mineral collections point to the religious motives of the scholars that studied them. In this article, I will examine the mineralogical collection brought together and described by Michele Mercati (1541-1593), the so-called Metallotheca. I will map the circles of physicians, scholars and ecclesiastics in which Mercati lived and functioned. I will then investigate Mercati's descriptions of stones, grown inside animals and men. The specific connections between Mercati and the members of the Oratory of Rome, an influential religious organisation of the Sixteenth century, direct us towards a proper understanding of the significance of Mercati's minerals. Certain minerals, including stones originating in animate bodies, were thought of as approaching the supernatural. The proper attitude for the scholar of nature would then be to turn from curiosity into awe and even veneration. PMID:17153168

  6. Caring potentials in the shadows of power, correction, and discipline—Forensic psychiatric care in the light of the work of Michel Foucault

    PubMed Central

    Hörberg, Ulrica; Dahlberg, Karin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to shed light on contemporary forensic psychiatric care through a philosophical examination of the empirical results from two lifeworld phenomenological studies from the perspective of patients and carers, by using the French philosopher Michel Foucault's historical–philosophical work. Both empirical studies were conducted in a forensic psychiatric setting. The essential results of the two empirical studies were reexamined in a phenomenological meaning analysis to form a new general structure in accordance with the methodological principles of Reflective Lifeworld Research. This general structure shows how the caring on the forensic psychiatric wards appears to be contradictory, in that it is characterized by an unreflective (non-)caring attitude and contributes to an inconsistent and insecure existence. The caring appears to have a corrective approach and thus lacks a clear caring structure, a basic caring approach that patients in forensic psychiatric services have a great need of. To gain a greater understanding of forensic psychiatric caring, the new empirical results were further examined in the light of Foucault's historical–philosophical work. The philosophical examination is presented in terms of the three meaning constituents: Caring as correction and discipline, The existence of power, and Structures and culture in care. The philosophical examination illustrates new meaning nuances of the corrective and disciplinary nature of forensic psychiatric care, its power, and how this is materialized in caring, and what this does to the patients. The examination reveals embedded difficulties in forensic psychiatric care and highlights a need to revisit the aim of such care. PMID:26319100

  7. Caring potentials in the shadows of power, correction, and discipline - Forensic psychiatric care in the light of the work of Michel Foucault.

    PubMed

    Hörberg, Ulrica; Dahlberg, Karin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to shed light on contemporary forensic psychiatric care through a philosophical examination of the empirical results from two lifeworld phenomenological studies from the perspective of patients and carers, by using the French philosopher Michel Foucault's historical-philosophical work. Both empirical studies were conducted in a forensic psychiatric setting. The essential results of the two empirical studies were reexamined in a phenomenological meaning analysis to form a new general structure in accordance with the methodological principles of Reflective Lifeworld Research. This general structure shows how the caring on the forensic psychiatric wards appears to be contradictory, in that it is characterized by an unreflective (non-)caring attitude and contributes to an inconsistent and insecure existence. The caring appears to have a corrective approach and thus lacks a clear caring structure, a basic caring approach that patients in forensic psychiatric services have a great need of. To gain a greater understanding of forensic psychiatric caring, the new empirical results were further examined in the light of Foucault's historical-philosophical work. The philosophical examination is presented in terms of the three meaning constituents: Caring as correction and discipline, The existence of power, and Structures and culture in care. The philosophical examination illustrates new meaning nuances of the corrective and disciplinary nature of forensic psychiatric care, its power, and how this is materialized in caring, and what this does to the patients. The examination reveals embedded difficulties in forensic psychiatric care and highlights a need to revisit the aim of such care. PMID:26319100

  8. Influences of a dam on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) upstream migration in the Couesnon River (Mont Saint Michel Bay) using hydroacoustics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martignac, F.; Baglinière, J. L.; Thieulle, L.; Ombredane, D.; Guillard, J.

    2013-12-01

    A dam has been recently modified on the Couesnon River in the vicinity of Mont Saint Michel to control and remove the volume of sediment brought into the bay by tidal waters. This paper shows that this dam has an impact on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) migration and that adult fish experience adaptive responses.Upstream migration activities were recorded with a 70 kHz echosounder (SIMRAD EY500 model) during two monitoring programs in 2010 and 2011, combining a total of 172 days of data collection. The echosounder was fixed at an upstream location, 8 km from the dam, and its detection beam capacity was approximately one third of the river's cross sectional area.In addition to the time of year, the upstream direction, swimming speed limit and fish size range were the specific criteria used from our database to efficiently discriminate other fish species from the Atlantic salmon. Among a total of 116,000 fishes counted during the two periods of investigations, 189 salmon were identified using those criteria.This study enabled us to identify the driving factors that influence the salmon migration in this semi-natural environment. There was a significant difference in fish activity when the dam was operating and when the river flow was under "normal" hydraulic conditions.Furthermore, during the opening and closing phases of the dam, the migration activity was scattered during the day, with peak abundance occurring mainly during the beginning of the operating phases. However, during all valve-opening phases, the salmon activity occurred mainly during the night. Therefore, the results suggest that this dam has a strong influence on fish migration activity at this particular location.

  9. Contribution of hydrodynamic conditions during shallow water stages to the sediment balance on a tidal flat: Mont-Saint-Michel Bay, Normandy, France

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desguée, R.; Robin, N.; Gluard, L.; Monfort, O.; Anthony, E. J.; Levoy, F.

    2011-10-01

    Field measurements were conducted in Mont-Saint-Michel Bay, a megatidal embayment (spring tidal range of 15 m), in order to monitor, over the course of a tidal cycle, sediment transport variability due to waves and tides on the upper part of a tidal flat characterised by shallow water depths. Sensors used to measure currents, water depth and turbidity were installed just above the bed (0.04 m). Two experiments were conducted under contrasting hydrodynamic conditions. The results highlight wave activity over the tidal flat even though observed wind waves were largely dissipated due to the very shallow water depths. Very high suspended sediment concentrations (up to 6 kg/m 3) were recorded in the presence of wave activity at the beginning of the local flood, when significant sediment transport occurred, up to 7 times as much as under conditions of no wave activity. This influence may be attributed to the direct action of waves on bed sediments, to wave-induced liquefaction, and to the erosive action of waves on tidal channel banks. The sediment composition, comprising a clay fraction of 2-5%, may also enhance sediment transport by reducing critical shear stress through the sand lubrication effect. The results also show that antecedent meteorological conditions play an important role in suspended sediment transport on the tidal flat. Total sediment flux directions show a net transport towards the inner part of the bay that contributes to deposition over the adjacent salt marshes, and this tendency also prevails during strong wave conditions. Such sediment transport is characterised by significant variability over the course of the tidal cycle. During fair and moderate weather conditions, 83% and 71% of the total flux was observed, respectively, over only 11% and 28% of the duration of the local tidal cycle and with water depths between 0.04 and 0.3 m. These results suggest that in order to improve our understanding of sediment budgets in this type of coastal

  10. Description of Meloidoderita salina sp. n. (Nematoda, Sphaeronematidae) from a micro-tidal salt marsh at Mont-Saint-Michel Bay in France

    PubMed Central

    Ashrafi, Samad; Mugniéry, Didier; van Heese, Evelyn YJ; van Aelst, Adriaan C.; Helder, Johannes; Karssen, Gerrit

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Meloidoderita salina sp. n. is described and illustrated from the halophytic plant Atriplex portulacoides L. (sea purslane) growing in a micro-tidal salt marsh in the Mont-Saint-Michel Bay in France. This new species is the first member of Meloidoderita Poghossian, 1966 collected from a saline environment, and is characterized by the following features: sedentary mature females having a small swollen body with a clear posterior protuberance; slightly dorsally curved stylet, 19.9 µm long, with posteriorly sloping knobs; neck region irregular in shape and twisted; well developed secretory-excretory (S–E) pore, with markedly sclerotized S-E duct running posteriorly; prominent uterus bordered by a thick hyaline wall and filled with eggs. The adult female transforms into a cystoid. Eggs are deposited in both egg-mass and cystoid. Cystoids of Meloidoderita salina sp. n. display a unique sub-cuticular hexagonal beaded pattern. Male without stylet, pharyngeal region degenerated, S-E duct prominent, deirids small, developed testis 97.5 µm long, spicules 18.4 µm long, cloacal opening ventrally protruded, small phasmids posterior to cloaca opening and situated at 5.9 (3.2–7.7) µm from tail end, and conical tail ending in a rounded terminus marked with one (rarely two) ventrally positioned mucro. Additionally, some young malesof the new species were observed enveloped in the last J2 cuticle. Second-stage juvenile body 470 µm long, with a 16.4 µm long stylet, prominent rounded knobs set off from the shaft, hemizonid anterior and adjacent to S-E pore, small deirids located just above S-E pore level, genital primordium located at 68–77% of body length, phasmids small and located at about 19 µm from tail tip, and tail 38.7 µm long, tapering to finely pointed terminus with a finger-like projection. Phylogenetic analyses based on the nearly full length small subunit ribosomal DNA sequences of Meloidoderita salina sp. n. revealed a close relationship of the new

  11. Michell, John (1724-93)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Cleric, geologist and astronomer, born apparently in Nottingham, England. Cambridge-educated and professor of geology there, invented the idea of black holes in a speculative lecture to the Royal Society in 1783 about the gravitational attraction on light in the vicinity of the Sun, or a body more massive than the Sun. Calculated that a body some 500 times the diameter of the Sun (and the same...

  12. Testing river surveying techniques in tidal environments: example from an actively meandering channel surveyed with TLS (Mont Saint-Michel bay, France)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leroux, J.; Lague, D.

    2013-12-01

    Tidal channel developed in mega-tidal salt marsh offer a unique set of characteristics to study the interaction between hydraulics, riparian vegetation and sedimentation using Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS). The recession of water allows a nearly complete survey of the channel that is otherwise impossible in rivers. Moreover, the predictability of tide amplitude allows to target surveys large events. Finally, the hydro-sedimentary processes and peak flow velocities in excess of 2 m/s in mega-tidal estuaries (e.g. Mont Saint Michel (MSM) bay) allow to explore conditions that are similar to river during flood conditions. This has motivated a 3 years study of a sinuous tidal channel located on the fringe of the marsh with the aim to understand its dynamics at daily to annual scales. We have acquired 36 high resolution topographic surveys with TLS, whose 13 daily surveys were acquired during annual largest tides. A local reference network of targets is used to yield a high registration accuracy with uncertainty varying between 1.5 mm and 3.4 mm. We use the CANUPO algorithm for classifying riparian vegetation and ground in 3D data, and use the point cloud comparison algorithm M3C2 to resolve 3D topographic changes down to 5 mm. ADCP, ADV and a turbidimeter were installed to constrain flow velocities and suspended sediment concentration (SSC). Our analysis is focused on three active compartments: (1) the inner bar on which riparian pioneer vegetation is developing and where sedimentation reaches up to 5 cm/tide; (2) the actively eroding outer bank which exhibits local retreat rates up to 2 m/tide; (3) the channel itself for which we document fluctuations of up to 0.2 m in elevation at daily to monthly timescales. We find that High Water Level (HWL) is a good predictor of the mean rate of evolution of these compartments with different empirical relationships. Spatially averaged sedimentation on the inner bend tends to increase linearly with HWL and is increased by a

  13. The use of lipid markers to define sources of organic matter in sediment and food web of the intertidal salt-marsh-flat ecosystem of Mont-Saint-Michel Bay, France

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meziane, Tarik; Bodineau, Laurent; Retiere, Christian; Thoumelin, Guy

    1997-12-01

    Salt marsh plants and seven surface sediment samples along a transect in the intertidal flat area of Mont-Saint-Michel Bay were analysed for fatty acids and sterols. The presence of lipid markers of halophytes (long-chain fatty acids, 18:3ω3, and phytosterols) in the surface layers of the sediment confirms the export of organic matter from the salt marsh to the intertidal flat. The spatial distribution of this organic matter over the tidal-flat area was controlled by the tidal currents and the presence of mussel beds. Lipid markers of diatoms (20:5ω3 and brassicasterol) and bacteria (18:1ω7 and odd, linear and branched, fatty acids) were also found in the surface sediments. Diatoms and benthic bacteria as well as organic matter from the salt marsh were the significant food sources available to the macrozoobenthos on the intertidal flat. The ingestion of these food types by the dominant species of the macrozoobenthos was confirmed by the presence of their respective lipid markers in the animals. The presence of these markers in animals subjected to a starvation experiment confirmed that these food types are really assimilated. The lipid composition of the starved animals indicated that the species studied were able to accumulate the fatty acid 20:5ω3 (considered to be a diatom marker), and that the annelid Nereis diversicolor supported an internal bacterial population.

  14. Infilling stratigraphy of macrotidal tide-dominated estuaries. Controlling mechanisms: Sea-level fluctuations, bedrock morphology, sediment supply and climate changes (The examples of the Seine estuary and the Mont-Saint-Michel Bay, English Channel, NW France)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tessier, Bernadette; Billeaud, Isabelle; Sorrel, Philippe; Delsinne, Nicolas; Lesueur, Patrick

    2012-11-01

    This article presents a synthesis of recent works performed on two macrotidal tide-dominated estuaries located along the southern coast of the English Channel, the Seine estuary and the Mont-Saint-Michel Bay (NW France). On the basis of very high resolution seismic data combined with sediment cores and AMS dating, these works allow reconstructing the Holocene infill of such singular estuaries, yet rarely documented in the literature. Rate in sea-level rise, bedrock morphology, sediment supply are the main controlling factors of the general infill pattern. Both infills are composed of two units, the transgressive systems tract (TST) and highstand systems tract (HST). The maximum flooding surface (MFS) is dated around 6500 cal BP when the Holocene sea-level rise slowed down, and corresponds to the main architectural change. The TST is poorly preserved compared with the HST that constitutes the main depositional unit, making this incised valley fill deviating from the classical models. The HST is composed above the axis of the incised valley of a highly wandering estuarine channel belt characterized by deep tidal reworking throughout its building. On the margin of this high-energy estuarine system, the HST is made of wave-dominated barriers, tidal flats and offshore tidal banks.. They constitute dominantly aggradational systems, the aggradation rate of which is in accordance with the rate of sea-level rise from 6500 cal BP onwards. Consequently, the impacts of the rapid climate changesthat characterized mid- to late Holocene times can be preserved in these marginal successions. Various sedimentary and geometrical signatures indicate that periodic enhanced storminess episodes, probably related to the Bond Cold Events (~ 1500 years periodicity), are responsible for the most drastic environmental changes in these macrotidal tide-dominated settings. The role of long term tidal cycles as well as the impact of human activities are also considered.

  15. Instability structures, synsedimentary faults and turbidites, witnesses of a Liassic seismotectonic activity in the Dauphiné Zone (French Alps): A case example in the Lower Pliensbachian at Saint-Michel-en-Beaumont

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergerat, Françoise; Collin, Pierre-Yves; Ganzhorn, Anne-Céline; Baudin, François; Galbrun, Bruno; Rouget, Isabelle; Schnyder, Johann

    2011-05-01

    Instability structures, synsedimentary faults and turbidites have been studied in the Lower Pliensbachian succession of Saint-Michel-en-Beaumont, belonging to the Taillefer block, an ancient half-graben emplaced during the Liassic Tethyan rifting. Geometrical and mechanical analyses demonstrate that the instability structures occurred thanks to movements along spineless synsedimentary normal faults, when the turbiditic and limestone layers were already case-hardened and partly fractured by tension gashes even when the mudstones were still unlithified. Both the tension gashes and the synsedimentary faults are homogeneous in strike with the major regional faults and are in good agreement with the regional direction of extension for this period. The characters of the turbiditic beds, with erosive base, graded bedding, and incomplete Bouma sequence, are in favour of a seismic origin. Instability structures, spineless synsedimentary faults and turbiditic inflows are thus considered as seismites and interpreted as the result of high seismicity periods including some events with M > 5 in the general extensive ambiance of the Liassic Tethyan rifting. The analysis of the geometrical relationships between all these sedimentary features allows to distinguish the successive stage of occurrence of an instability structure, from the sedimentation of alternating marls and limestones, and sudden turbiditic inflows, then early case-hardening of the turbidites, until the important seismotectonic event generating the spineless normal faults, themselves triggering the fall of indurated blocks and locally the forming of breccias. The Ornon Fault, which constitutes the border of the Taillefer block, 15 km eastward, played a major role during the Liassic sedimentation and may represent the major seismic fault related to the seismites occurrence in the Beaumont basin.

  16. "Technologies of the Self": Michel Foucault Online.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aycock, Alan

    1995-01-01

    Uses instances of recent postings to the USENET news group rec.games.chess to present a Foucauldian perspective on fashioning of self online. Identifies key aspects of self-fashioning. Considers implications of this Foucauldian approach for future research on Internet self-constructions. (RS)

  17. De Coubertin's Olympism and the Laugh of Michel Foucault: Crisis Discourse and the Olympic Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Seth

    2012-01-01

    De Coubertin developed the sport philosophy of Olympism and the Olympic Games as a response to social and political crisis to promote peace, fair play, and the development of Christian masculinity. The purpose of this paper is to examine how crisis discourse functions as an important shaper of contemporary understandings of Olympism and how…

  18. War without end. Michel T. Halbouty's fight for American energy security

    SciTech Connect

    Donahue, J.

    1987-01-01

    In these pages are the drama and tension of Halbouty's role as ''Ronald Reagan's Energy Guru'' - his leadership of Candidate Reagan's Energy Policy Advisory group and President-Elect Reagan's Transition Team on Energy. His creation and direction of the Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources, an organization that has advanced exploration and development of the total energy and mineral wealth of the nations fronting the Pacific, and is credited with creating a rapport between them that the U.S. State Department could not have established. His work on behalf of Indian tribes whose oil lands had been systematically plundered for 20 years. His fight against oil companies' ''Retrenchment'' programs and the so-called ''Corporate Raiders.'' His struggle against an ''Oil Import Tax,'' which he reasoned would be detrimental to America's economy and security. His strong advocacy of his plan to make America energy self-sufficient and free her from OPEC bondage. His enduring affection for and the benefactions of his Alma Mater, Texas A and M University, and students he found worthy of support. His confrontations with and his opinions of the world's ''movers and shakers'' and their varying philosophies. And a potpourri of thoughts, ideas and sentiments of an American original who became a legend in his own time.

  19. Cosmopolitanism in Relation to the Self and the Other: From Michel Foucault to Stanley Cavell

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smeyers, Paul; Waghid, Yusef

    2010-01-01

    Educators, not to mention philosophers of education, find themselves in a difficult position nowadays. They are confronted with problems such as which kind of values one would want citizens to embrace, or to what extent social practices of a particular group may differ from what is generally held. In this essay, Paul Smeyers and Yusef Waghid focus…

  20. Genetics Home Reference: Ollier disease

    MedlinePlus

    ... JV, Pansuriya TC, Grimer RJ, Ozger H, Jutte PC, San Julian M, Biau DJ, van der Geest ... Gouin FG, Campanacci DA, Marec-Berard P, Hogendoorn PC, Brand R, Taminiau AH. Incidence, predictive factors, and ...

  1. Genetics Home Reference: Maffucci syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... JV, Pansuriya TC, Grimer RJ, Ozger H, Jutte PC, San Julian M, Biau DJ, van der Geest ... Gouin FG, Campanacci DA, Marec-Berard P, Hogendoorn PC, Brand R, Taminiau AH. Incidence, predictive factors, and ...

  2. Care of the Self in a Knowledge Economy: Higher Education, Vocation and the Ethics of Michel Foucault

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drummond, John

    2003-01-01

    The term "knowledge economy" is, as one would expect, primarily a signal for strategists and policy-makers that it is time to take note of a fundamental shift in the role and treatment of knowledge in both the manufacturing and service sectors. The latter includes both health and education. It is important, therefore, that people begin to grasp…

  3. Michel accretion of a polytropic fluid with adiabatic index \\gamma \\gt 5/3: global flows versus homoclinic orbits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chaverra, Eliana; Mach, Patryk; Sarbach, Olivier

    2016-05-01

    We analyze the properties of a polytropic fluid that is radially accreted into a Schwarzschild black hole. The case where the adiabatic index γ lies in the range of 1\\lt γ ≤slant 5/3 has been treated in previous work. In this article, we analyze the complementary range of 5/3\\lt γ ≤slant 2. To this purpose, the problem is cast into an appropriate Hamiltonian dynamical system, whose phase flow is analyzed. While, for 1\\lt γ ≤slant 5/3, the solutions are always characterized by the presence of a unique critical saddle point, we show that, when 5/3\\lt γ ≤slant 2, an additional critical point might appear, which is a center point. For the parametrization used in this paper, we prove that, whenever this additional critical point appears, there is a homoclinic orbit. Solutions corresponding to homoclinic orbits differ from standard transonic solutions with vanishing asymptotic velocities in two aspects: they are local (i.e., they cannot be continued to arbitrarily large radii); the dependence of the density or the value of the velocity on the radius is not monotonic.

  4. [Ethics and medicine in Michel Foucault: the humanistic dimension of medicine derived from a genealogy of morality].

    PubMed

    Gomes, Benjamim

    2005-01-01

    The article presents the results of a doctoral dissertation defended at the Universidad de Salamanca, based on Foucault's final decade of writings. If Foucault's goal in writing The History of Sexuality was to fashion a genealogy of ethics, my goal in analyzing this book, along with his other writings, is to demonstrate his last contribution to the history of medicine. He moves from a conception of power over others towards a conception of power over oneself, an exclusive terrain of ancient Greek morality. As a thinker who tries to understand today's problems by going to their roots, Foucault develops less a history than a philosophy of history. Considered an anti-humanist, he leaves us with a portrait of a wholly ethical-humanistic medicine. PMID:17500131

  5. Michel Serres' "Le Parasite" and Martin Buber's "I and Thou: Noise" in Informal Education Affecting "Dialogue" between Communities in Conflict in the Middle East

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guilherme, Alex

    2015-01-01

    One issue that is often ignored in political theory is the problem of means and modes of communication affecting "dialogue" between parties. In this age of hyper communication, this is something particularly relevant. The point here is that, despite the ease with which we have access to both means and modes of communication, there…

  6. Untying the Knots: The Texts of the State (From the Battle of the Books to the Books of the Battle). Remarks for Ludwig and Michel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corrigan, Philip

    1990-01-01

    Drawing on the recent intersection of political, literary, and feminist work provides commentary and analysis of state forms of discourse about education. Argues that the discourses of the state, as they position language, knowledge, education, identity, and gender within texts, wreak havok on people's lives. (DMM)

  7. The French Atlantic littoral and the Massif Armoricain, part 1. [Island of Jersey, Fromentine, Loire Estuary, and Mont Saint-Michel Bay

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Verger, F. (Principal Investigator); Monget, J. M.; Guerin, O.; Poisson, R. M.; Thomas, Y.

    1977-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. For interpretation of Isle of Jersey imagery, two types of taxons were defined according to their variability in time. On the whole, taxons with a similar spectral signature were opposed to those with strongly varying spectral signature. The taxon types were low diachronic variations and strong diachronic variation. Imagery interpretation was restricted to the landward part of the Fromentine area, including the sand beaches which were often difficult to spectrally separate from the barren coastal dunes in the southern part of Noirmoutier Island as well as along the Breton marsh. From 1972 to 1976, sandbanks reduced in area. Two high river discharge images showed over a two year period an identical outline for the Bilho bank to seaward, whereas upstream, the bank has receeded in the same time to a line joining Paimboeuf to Montoir. The Brillantes bank has receeded at both ends, partly due to dredging operations in the access channel to Donges harbor.

  8. "L'Invisible Voyeur du Monde des Voyants": Critiques of French Society in Michel Tournier's "La Goutte d'or" and Guy Hocquenghem's "L'Amour en Relief"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barclay, Fiona

    2006-01-01

    Since decolonisation, the increase in immigration from France's former colonies in North Africa has prompted metropolitan writers to reconsider conceptions of French society. In their novels, Tournier and Hocquenghem present contemporary France through the defamiliarising eyes of a North African immigrant, who serves as a device for the critique…

  9. Safer surgery: analysing behaviour in the operating theatre Rhona Flin Safer surgery: analysing behaviour in the operating theatre and Lucy Michell (Eds) Ashgate £75 482pp 9780754675365 9780754675365 [Formula: see text].

    PubMed

    2010-12-01

    SAFER SURGERY is an expertly edited body of research that looks at the behaviour and outcomes of teams working behind closed doors in surgery and anaesthesia from all perspectives. As the World Health Organization focuses on patient safety in perioperative settings and promotes the surgical safety checklist, this book could not be more timely. PMID:27320625

  10. A Response to Ages Past. Commentary on Harris, R. M., Michell, B.G. & Cooley. C. (1985) The Gender Gap in Library Education. (Journal of Education for Library and Information Science, 25(3), 167-176)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wellstead, Peta

    2015-01-01

    Much has changed in the information environment since the years of Harris' review. It is important to mention the significance of the impact of technology that has rendered the work of librarians and information workers almost unknowable to those teaching in the period 1965-1983. As a result of these reviews and technological changes, many…

  11. Comment on: `The quest for a consistent signal in ground and GRACE gravity time-series', by Michel Van Camp, Olivier de Viron, Laurent Metivier, Bruno Meurers and Olivier Francis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crossley, D. J.; Boy, J.-P.; Hinderer, J.; Jahr, T.; Weise, A.; Wziontek, H.; Abe, M.; Förste, C.

    2014-12-01

    The paper in question by Van Camp and co-authors [MVC] challenges previous work showing that ground gravity data arising from hydrology can provide a consistent signal for the comparison with satellite gravity data. The data sets used are similar to those used previously, that is, the gravity field as measured by the GRACE satellites versus ground-based data from superconducting gravimeters (SGs) over the same continental area, in this case Central Europe. One of the main impediments in this paper is the presentation that is frequently confusing and misleading as to what the data analysis really shows, for example, the irregular treatment of annual components that are first subtracted then reappear in the analysis. More importantly, we disagree on specific points. Two calculations are included in our comment to illustrate where we believe that the processing in [MVC] paper is deficient. The first deals with their erroneous treatment of the global hydrology using a truncated spherical harmonic approach which explains almost a factor 2 error in their computation of the loading. The second shows the effect of making the wrong assumption in the GRACE/hydrology/surface gravity comparison by inverting the whole of the hydrology loading for underground stations. We also challenge their claims that empirical orthogonal function techniques cannot be done in the presence of periodic components, and that SG data cannot be corrected for comparisons with GRACE data. The main conclusion of their paper, that there is little coherence between ground gravity stations and this invalidates GRACE comparisons, is therefore questionable. There is nothing in [MVC] that contradicts any of the previous papers that have shown clearly a strong relation between seasonal signals obtained from both ground gravity and GRACE satellite data.

  12. 77 FR 55505 - Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management; Agency Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-10

    .... DATES: Submit written comments on or before November 9, 2012. ADDRESSES: Contact Michel Smyth by..._PUBLIC@dol.gov . Comments may also be sent to Michel Smyth, Departmental Clearance Officer, U.S...: September 5, 2012. Michel Smyth, Departmental Clearance Officer. BILLING CODE 4510-23-P...

  13. 75 FR 57832 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ... collection from Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance Officer, (202) 874-5090, Legislative and Regulatory.... Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division, Office of...

  14. 75 FR 42824 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-22

    ... and supporting documentation submitted to OMB by contacting: Mary H. Gottlieb, (202) 874-5090.... ] Dated: July 19, 2010. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities...

  15. 75 FR 42825 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-22

    ... supporting documentation submitted to OMB by contacting: Mary Gottlieb, (202) 874-5090, Legislative and.... Dated: July 19, 2010. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities...

  16. 78 FR 13400 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Information Collection Renewal; Comment Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ... request additional information or a copy of the collection from Johnny Vilela or Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC.... Dated: February 20, 2013. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory...

  17. 77 FR 27485 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Experience...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ... information, see the related notice published in the Federal Register on January 13, 2012 (77 FR 2089... day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129... CONTACT: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or by email...

  18. 77 FR 45689 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; The 1,2...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ... published in the Federal Register on April 6, 2012 (77 FR 20850). Interested parties are encouraged to send... contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or sending an email to...- free numbers), email: OIRA_submission@omb.eop.gov . ] FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Contact Michel Smyth...

  19. 78 FR 13088 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Access to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ... notice published in the Federal Register on November 27, 2013 (77 FR 70828). Interested parties are... contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or sending an email to..._submission@omb.eop.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at...

  20. 77 FR 36296 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Cadmium in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-18

    ..., see the related notice published in the Federal Register on March 6, 2012 (77 FR 13357). Interested.../public/do/PRAMain , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by...: OIRA_submission@omb.eop.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at...

  1. All in the Family: Award-Winning New York Band Director Builds a Nurturing Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Catherine Applefeld

    2008-01-01

    This article profiles Evonne Michel, a band director at Heim Middle School in Williamsville, New York, who received a Music Education Excellence award from the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra and the Erie County Music Educators Association. Evonne Michel was so passionate about her experience in middle school band that she decided, while still in…

  2. 77 FR 16265 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Permit...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-20

    ... notice published in the Federal Register on December 14, 2011 (76 FR 77850). Interested parties are... contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or sending an email to...: OIRA_submission@omb.eop.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at...

  3. 77 FR 16069 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Disclosures...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-19

    ... notice published in the Federal Register on December 7, 2011 (76 FR 76439). Interested parties are... following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not... INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or...

  4. 78 FR 7457 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-01

    ... notice published in the Federal Register on September 26, 2012 (77 FR 59225). Interested parties are... , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693... INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or by...

  5. 77 FR 14425 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; National...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-09

    ... notice published in the Federal Register on November 16, 2011 (76 FR 71073). Interested parties are... publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a...

  6. 75 FR 79026 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Employer's...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-17

    ... in the Federal Register on July 30, 2010 (75 FR 44991). Interested parties are encouraged to send..., http://www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129...), e-mail: OIRA_submission@omb.eop.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone...

  7. 75 FR 80849 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Operator...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ... in the Federal Register on August 20, 2010 (75 FR 51488). Interested parties are encouraged to send... by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or sending... . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this is not a...

  8. 77 FR 31878 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Blasting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-30

    ... 17, 2012 (77 FR 9703). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB, Office of... this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number...: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or by email at...

  9. 77 FR 77112 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Workforce...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-31

    ... information, see the related notice published in the Federal Register on September 26, 2012 (77 FR 59224... day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129...: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or by email at...

  10. 77 FR 47119 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Collective...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-07

    ... published in the Federal Register on April 5, 2012 (77 FR 20650). Interested parties are encouraged to send.../public/do/PRAMain , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by..._submission@omb.eop.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this...

  11. 78 FR 78385 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-26

    ... ICR, see the related notice published in the Federal Register on July 30, 2013 (78 FR 45981... only become active on the day following publication of this notice) or by contacting Michel Smyth by... 20210; or by email: DOL_PRA_PUBLIC@dol.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by...

  12. 77 FR 47118 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Foreign...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-07

    ... (77 FR 60250). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB, Office of Information... day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129... . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this is not a...

  13. 78 FR 17720 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Worker...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ... published in the Federal Register on November 27, 2012 (77 FR 70833). Interested parties are encouraged to... or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or...), email: OIRA_submission@omb.eop.gov . ] FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at...

  14. Education and/or Displacement? A Pedagogical Inquiry into Foucault's "Limit-Experience"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Christiane

    2010-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the educational-philosophical implications of Michel Foucault's work: It poses the question whether Michel Foucault's remarks surrounding "limit-experience" can be placed in an educational context and provide an alternative view regarding the relationship that we maintain to ourselves. As a first step, the significance…

  15. 77 FR 47119 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Bank...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-07

    ... notice published in the Federal Register on April 5, 2012 (77 FR 20650). Interested parties are... day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129... . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this is not a...

  16. Talking to Foucault: Examining Marginalization and Exclusion in Academic Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClam, Sherie

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author invites everyone to join her as she follows Laurel Richardson's advice to use writing as a method of inquiry. To do so, she engages in a fictional conversation with Michel Foucault--later joined by actor-network theorist Michel Callon--in which she talks through and constructs understanding(s) of and from her research…

  17. 78 FR 71668 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Worker...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-29

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or by email at DOL_PRA_PUBLIC@dol.gov . Correction In the Federal Register of November 8, 2013, in FR Doc. 2013... Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or sending an email to...

  18. 77 FR 34410 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Prohibited...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-11

    ..., see the related notice published in the Federal Register on April 5, 2012 (77 FR 20650). Interested.../public/do/PRAMain , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by...: OIRA_submission@omb.eop.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at...

  19. 78 FR 64021 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Survivor's...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ... Federal Register on June 14, 2013 (78 FR 35982). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the... contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or sending an email to....gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this is not a...

  20. 76 FR 77553 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Furnishing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ... (76 FR 30199). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB, Office of Information.../public/do/PRAMain , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by... Michel Smyth by telephone at (202) 693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or by email at...

  1. 77 FR 66869 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Provider...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... Federal Register on July 23, 2012 (77 FR 43126). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the... publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free... number), email: OIRA_submission@omb.eop.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Michel Smyth...

  2. 76 FR 73682 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ... Register on May 16, 2011 (76 FR 28242). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB... or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at (202) 693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or... INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at (202) 693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number)...

  3. 77 FR 36295 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Cadmium in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-18

    ..., see the related notice published in the Federal Register on March 6, 2012 (77 FR 13359). Interested.../public/do/PRAMain , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by...: OIRA_submission@omb.eop.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at...

  4. 78 FR 68096 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Quick...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-13

    ... ICR, see the related notice published in the Federal Register on August 8, 2013, (78 FR 48464... following publication of this notice) or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is...: DOL_PRA_PUBLIC@dol.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at...

  5. 77 FR 71450 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Prohibited...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-30

    ... notice published in the Federal Register on June 25, 2012 (77 FR 37922). Interested parties are.../public/do/PRAMain , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a...

  6. 78 FR 29778 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Prohibited...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-21

    ... the related notice published in the Federal Register on November 27, 2012 (77 FR 70828). Interested.../do/PRAMain , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by... FURTHER INFORMATION: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this is not a toll-free...

  7. 78 FR 24437 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-25

    ... published in the Federal Register on December 13, 2012 (77 FR 74224). Interested parties are encouraged to... day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129...: Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or by email at...

  8. 78 FR 10637 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Mine Rescue...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-14

    ... Federal Register on October 19, 2012 (77 FR 64360). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to... , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693... INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or by...

  9. 78 FR 31578 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Prohibited...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-24

    ... Federal Register on November 27, 2012 (77 FR 70828). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to.../PRAMain , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at... INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or...

  10. 78 FR 25477 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Trade Act...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-01

    ... information, see the related notice published in the Federal Register on January 15, 2013 (78 FR 3029). This....reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain , on the day following publication of this notice or by contacting Michel... . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a...

  11. 75 FR 61774 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Annual...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-06

    ... information, see the related notice published in the Federal Register on May 27, 2010 (75 FR 29782....gov/public/do/PRAMain or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202- 693-4129 (this is not a toll... . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Contact Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693- 4129 (this is not a...

  12. Organizational Structure, Authority and Protest: The Case of Union Organizing in the United States, 1990-2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Andrew W.

    2007-01-01

    Robert Michels' famous "iron law of oligarchy" has come under criticism from scholars that question assumptions regarding the concentration of power within social movement organizations (SMOs). Despite such concerns, Michels' broader interests in organizational structure and power continue to be relevant for analyzing the goals and strategies of…

  13. Mapping the Terrain of a Foucauldian Ethics: A Response to the Surveillance of Schooling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pignatelli, Frank

    2002-01-01

    Argues against employing systems of surveillance in school accountability. Presents Michel Foucault's theories of ethics as a means of moving beyond the constraining, uninspiring notions of managerial competency now in effect. (Contains 37 references.) (AUTH/NB)

  14. Facts about Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

    MedlinePlus

    ... 2008;199:237.e1-9. Margulis AV, Mitchell AA, Gilboa SM, Werler MM, Glynn RJ, Hernandez-Diaz S, ... e7. Werler MM, Ahrens KA, Bosco JL, Michell AA, Anderka MT, Gilboa SM, Holmes LB, National Birth ...

  15. Black holes and Newtonian physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raychaudhuri, A. K.

    1992-03-01

    It is argued that one-way passage is inconsistent with Newtonian physics and thus the dark bodies as thought of by Michell and Laplace cannot be considered as exact analogues of relativistic black holes.

  16. 76 FR 2753 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-14

    ... information or a copy of the collection from Mary H. Gottlieb, (202) 874-5090, Legislative and Regulatory..., and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: January 10, 2011. Michele Meyer,...

  17. 75 FR 5641 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-03

    ... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: You can request additional information or a copy of the collection from Mary.... Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division. BILLING CODE 4810-33-P...

  18. 77 FR 20692 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-05

    ... additional information or a copy of the collection from Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance Officer, (202) 874.... Dated: March 28, 2012. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities...

  19. 77 FR 5876 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-06

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: You can request additional information or a copy of the collection from Mary H. Gottlieb.... Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division. BILLING CODE 4810-33-P...

  20. 78 FR 9452 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-08

    ...: You can request additional information from or a copy of the collection from Johnny Vilela or Mary H..., and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: February 4, 2013. Michele Meyer,...

  1. 77 FR 5877 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-06

    ... additional information or a copy of the collection from Ira L. Mills or Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance.... Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division. BILLING CODE 4810-33-P...

  2. 77 FR 27858 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Renewal of a Currently Approved Collection; Comment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ... additional information or a copy of the collection from Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance Officer, (202) 874..., and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: May 8, 2012. Michele Meyer, Assistant...

  3. 75 FR 20883 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ... contacting: Mary H. Gottlieb, (202) 874-5090, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division, Office of the..., and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: April 13, 2010. Michele Meyer,...

  4. 78 FR 16361 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Information Collection Renewal; Comment Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-14

    ... additional information or a copy of the collection from Johnny Vilela or Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance..., and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: March 7, 2013. Michele Meyer,...

  5. 78 FR 15120 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-08

    ... additional information or a copy of the collection from Johnny Vilela or Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance... security breaches that occur. Dated: March 4, 2013. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative...

  6. 77 FR 50542 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “New Photography 2012...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-21

    ..., Birdhead (Ji Weiyu and Song Tao), Anne Collier, Zoe Crosher, and Shirana Shahbazi'' Summary: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``New Photography 2012: Michele Abeles, Birdhead (Ji Weiyu...

  7. Hemolysis

    MedlinePlus

    ... eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine . 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 161. Gallagher PG. Red blood ... Basic Principles and Practice . 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2013:chap 43. Michel M. Autoimmune and intravascular ...

  8. Knowledge at the Crossroads.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheeler, David

    1993-01-01

    Reviews the book by Michel Serres, "Hermes: Literature, Science, Philosophy." Discusses Serres' ideas about the history of science and mathematics, mathematical discourse, the double writing of geometry, and the applications of mathematics in the human response to the world. (MDH)

  9. Artificial neural networks and ecological communities (Book Review: Modelling community structure in freshwater ecosystems)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    DeAngelis, Donald L.

    2005-01-01

    Review info: Modeling community structure in freshwater ecosystems. Edited by Sovan Lek, Michele Scardi, Piet F.M. Verdonschot, Jean-Pierre Descy, and Young-Seuk Park, 2005. ISBN: 3-540-23940-5, 518 pp.

  10. 77 FR 28888 - Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development; Notice of Closed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-16

    ... a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Bethesda North Marriott Hotel and Conference Center, 5701 Marinelli Road, Bethesda, MD 20852. Contact Person: Michele C....

  11. 78 FR 39771 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Claim for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-02

    ..., see the related notice published in the Federal Register on March 12, 2013 (78 FR 15742). This..._nbr=201302-1240-001 (this link will only become active on July 2, 2013) or by contacting Michel...

  12. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Dan Leyrer, Photographer Summer 1964 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Dan Leyrer, Photographer Summer 1964 FRONT ELEVATION, OVERLOOKING BAYOU ST. JOHN - Michel-Pitot House, 1370 Moss Street (moved to 1440 Moss Street), New Orleans, Orleans Parish, LA

  13. Development in the elastic analysis of laminated plates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spencer, A. J. M.

    1989-05-01

    Some developments in three dimensional analyses of stress and deformation in laminated plates are described. They are based on work by Michell published in 1900. For isotropic and homogeneous plates, Michell obtained a number of classes of exact solutions of the three dimensional elasticity equations which satisfy zero traction conditions on the lateral surfaces of a moderately thick plate. Firstly, for laminates in which the laminae are different isotropic materials, generalizations of Michell's solutions are outlined. Then a more general problem of extending Michell's solutions to materials in which the elastic moduli vary through the plate thickness is considered. The results are then recovered in a direct and simple manner by specializing to the case in which the elastic moduli are piecewise constant through the thickness. For advanced composite materials applications, the main interest is in laminates whose laminae are anisotropic. Michell's solutions cannot be generalized, in closed form, to anisotropic elastic plates. However, the concept of using solutions of the two dimensional thin plate equations to generate relevant solutions of the three dimensional elasticity equations remains valid, although the three dimensional solutions can no longer be presented in closed form. Recent developments along these lines are outlined.

  14. [First chemists in Lorraine].

    PubMed

    Labrude, Pierre

    2009-04-01

    Some alchemists and chemists are known in Lorraine at the beginning of the 17th century. But "real" chemists appear only in the middle of the 18th century. In Nancy, the primary official chemists are the professors of the Royal Collège of medicine, then those of the Faculty of medicine in 1776 and after: Henry Michel du Tennetar and Pierre-François Nicolas. In Metz, the first successful attempt of a chemical course is obtained by the apothecary Jean-Baptiste Thyrion from 1765 to 1769. Michel is his successor in 1778. His teaching is immediately and widely successful. Around Michel, the members of the Royal Society of science and art and the practitioners of the military hospital are also very actice. After the Revolution, many years will be necessary to Nancy and Metz to obtain the creating of a new universitary chemical teaching. PMID:19824344

  15. Poincaré-like approach to Landau theory. I. General theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaeta, Giuseppe

    2015-08-01

    We discuss a procedure to simplify the Landau potential, based on Michel's reduction to orbit space and Poincaré normalization procedure, and illustrate it by concrete examples. The method makes use, as in Poincaré theory, of a chain of near-identity coordinate transformations with homogeneous generating functions; using Michel's insight, one can work in orbit space. It is shown that it is possible to control the choice of generating functions so to obtain a (in many cases, substantial) simplification of the Landau polynomial, including a reduction of the parameters it depends on. Several examples are considered in detail.

  16. Travaux Neuchatelois de Linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Working Papers in Linguistics), Volume 17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubattel, Christian, Ed.

    1991-01-01

    Papers in linguistics in this issue include: "Aspects logico-semantiques de la metaphore" ("Logico-Semantic Aspects of the Metaphor") (Michel le Guern); "Metaphore et travail lexicale" ("Metaphor and Lexical Work") (Georges Ludi); "Aspects linguistiques et pragmatiques de la metaphore: anomalie semantique, implicitation conversationnelle et…

  17. Foucault at School: Discipline, Education and Agency in "Harry Potter"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolosky, Shira

    2014-01-01

    The formative power of children's literature is both great and suspicious. As a resource of socialization, the construction and experience of children's literature can be seen as modes of disciplinary coercion such as Michel Foucault has anatomized. "Harry Potter", as a "craze" phenomenon, has attracted particular…

  18. Literacy in the Modern World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Geoff

    1999-01-01

    Reviews the following books: "The Politics of Writing," (Romy Clark, Roz Ivanic); "Literacy in Society," (Ruqaiya Hasan, Geoff Williams); "Text, Role, and Context: Developing Academic Literacies" (Ann M. Johns); "Changing Literacies" by (Colin Lankshear with James Paul Gee, Michele Knobel, Chris Searle); and "Vernacular Literacy: A Re-evaluation"…

  19. "I 'See' Trayvon Martin": What Teachers Can Learn from the Tragic Death of a Young Black Male

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Love, Bettina L.

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this article is to examine the racially hostile environment of U.S. public schooling towards Black males. Drawing on the work of Foucault ("Discipline and punish. The birth of the prison," Penguin Books, London, 1977; "Michel Foucault: beyond structuralism and hermeneutics," The Harvester Press, Brighton, 1982)…

  20. To Have or Have Not: The Foucauldian Quandary of Control in Teacher-Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Kathleen Ann; And Others

    Michel Foucault's theories provide a way to understand the power dynamics often present in teacher-training, in which teaching assistants negotiate among various "knowledges" in order to develop a classroom teaching style that both honors and resists their training. In "The Archaeology of (Gendered) Knowledge" (by Scot Petersen), a graduate…

  1. Moving Elite Athletes Forward: Examining the Status of Secondary School Elite Athlete Programmes and Available Post-School Options

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Seth

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study focused specifically on examining the status of and the promotion of two elite athlete programmes (EAPs), the students/elite athlete selection process and available post-school options. The research was guided by Michel Foucault's work in understanding the relationship between power and knowledge. Participants,…

  2. The "Seductive Outside" and the "Sacred Precincts": Boundaries and Transgressions in "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Neil

    1994-01-01

    Analyzes Mark Twain's novel, "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer," to determine the ways in which the masculine is constructed by a series of forces or discourses. Argues that this novel articulates the social construction of gender in a manner similar to Michel Foucault's theory of disciplinary discourses. (HB)

  3. Not Just a Number Anymore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Nancy

    2008-01-01

    In the Essex, Cincinnati retirement center where they both worked as nurses, Holly Doherty and Michele Schavoir often heard aides complain about one longtime resident in particular. The patient kicks and screams and nurses can not stand to be around her. After a year of playing detective, Doherty found a number of the patient's relatives in…

  4. 77 FR 27796 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Statement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ... response, and estimated total burden may be obtained from the RegInfo.gov Web site, http://www.reginfo.gov... notice published in the Federal Register on February 9, 2012 (77 FR 6823). Interested parties are... Other Costs Burden: $1,360. Dated: May 7, 2012. Michel Smyth, Departmental Clearance Officer....

  5. 78 FR 10598 - Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-14

    ... Rural Utilities Service Information Collection Activity; Comment Request AGENCY: Rural Utilities Service...-1522. FAX: (202) 720-8435. Email: michele.brooks@wdc.usda.gov . Title: 7 CFR 1779, Water and Waste... corporations, and Indian tribes for the development of water and waste ] disposal facilities...

  6. The Assistant Principal's Accountability in School Reform and Restructuring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michel, George J.; And Others

    Five papers examine issues regarding the role of the assistant principal, with a focus on accountability in school reform and restructuring. The first paper, by George J. Michel, analyzes the leadership areas of the assistant principal and suggests methods to make the assistant principal accountable. The next four papers describe new models of…

  7. Applying Foucault's "Archaeology" to the Education of School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shenker, Susan S.

    2008-01-01

    Counselor educators can utilize the ideas of philosopher Michel Foucault in preparing preservice school counselors for their work with K-12 students in public schools. The Foucaultian ideas of "governmentality," "technologies of domination," "received truths," "power/knowledge," "discontinuity," and "archaeology" can contribute to students'…

  8. Trapped in Our Own Discursive Formations: Toward an Archaeology of Library and Information Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford, Gary P.

    2003-01-01

    Introduces Michel Foucault's "Archaeology of Knowledge" as a way of addressing Wayne Wiegand's charges of problems in the discipline of library and information science. Highlights include a discussion of discursive formations, or the ways in which a collection of texts are organized with respect to each other; and history as a discursive…

  9. Sand Face: Humanism after Antihumanism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arcilla, René V.

    2015-01-01

    Have the critiques of humanism of the 1960s and 1970s buried this idea once and for all? Or is there a way that humanism can absorb some of this antihumanist thinking and thereby renew itself? Drawing on writings of Michel Foucault, Charles Taylor, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Martin Heidegger in order to illuminate artworks by Robert Smithson and…

  10. Tau physics with polarized beams

    SciTech Connect

    Daoudi, M.

    1995-11-01

    We present the first results on tau physics using polarized beams. These include measurements of the {tau} Michel parameters {xi} and {xi}{delta} and the {tau} neutrino helicity h{sub {nu}}. The measurements were performed using the SLD detector at the Stanford Linear Collider (SLC).

  11. Foucault and the Turn to Narrative Therapy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Besley, A. C. (Tina)

    2002-01-01

    The pioneering authors of narrative therapy, White and Epston, state clearly that they have been influenced by the work of the French theorist Michel Foucault. This paper briefly outlines some features of narrative therapy, examines the Foucauldian themes in White and Epston's theory, and explores narrative therapy's poststructuralist challenge to…

  12. African American Males in School and Society: Practices and Policies for Effective Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polite, Vernon C., Ed.; Davis, James Earl, Ed.

    This collection provides many insights into the condition of African American males, emphasizing educational attainment and achievement, and offers methodologies for documenting how the social and educational worlds of African American males intersect. The essays are: (1) "Teaching Black Males: Lessons from the Experts" (Michele Foster and…

  13. Laughing within Reason: On Pleasure, Women, and Academic Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWilliam, Erica

    In the formal settings of universities, all academics regulate themselves constantly, including how and when they laugh. This paper considers the matter of pleasure and women's scholastic and pedagogical work, and how it has come to be understood. The paper explores the idea that pleasure is taken "within reason," drawing on Michel Foucault's…

  14. Negotiating Liberalism and Bio-Politics: Stylizing Power in Defense of the Mall Curfew

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amsden, Brian

    2008-01-01

    While Michel Foucault's "technologies of the self" are useful in explaining the convergence of liberalism and bio-politics, they fail to account for the appeal of juridical mechanisms that administer the conventions of bio-political control. A productive site from which to explore this convergence is provided by the "mall curfew," a bio-political…

  15. Success of Breast Cancer Startup Challenge Inspires Second Challenge | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Thomas Stackhouse, Joseph Conrad, and Michele Newton, Contributing Writers, and Rosemarie Truman, Guest Writer Sixty-one teams have been accepted into, and are now competing in, the Neuro Startup Challenge, a new collaboration established by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) with The Center for Advancing Innovation (CAI) and Heritage Provider Network, Inc.

  16. A Foucaultian Approach to Academic Anxiety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Gavrielle

    2008-01-01

    Academic anxiety interferes with achievement and performance, as well as social and psychological development among children and adults. Although the writings of Michel Foucault do not address anxiety directly, his themes of knowledge and power have been applied to education and describe relationships that are likely to create anxiety among some…

  17. Debate, Research on E-Cigarettes Continues

    Cancer.gov

    Since they first began to be sold in North America in the mid-2000s, electronic cigarettes have been the subject of intense debate. NCI's Dr. Michele Bloch recently presented an update on some of the issues surrounding e-cigarettes.

  18. A Diffusion Cloud Chamber Study of Very Slow Mesons. II. Beta Decay of the Muon

    DOE R&D Accomplishments Database

    Lederman, L. M.; Sargent, C. P.; Rinehart, M.; Rogers, K.

    1955-03-01

    The spectrum of electrons arising from the decay of the negative mu meson has been determined. The muons are arrested in the gas of a high pressure hydrogen filled diffusion cloud chamber. The momenta of the decay electrons are determined from their curvature in a magnetic field of 7750 gauss. The spectrum of 415 electrons has been analyzed according to the theory of Michel.

  19. Mental Test Performance as a Function of Various Scoring Cutoffs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quereshi, M. Y.; Veeser, William R.

    1970-01-01

    Investigates the influence of various scoring cutoffs on mental test performance as measured by the Michell General Ability Test (MGAT) and develops a rationale for selecting the optimum cutoff based on raw scores, internal consistency, stability, parallel-form reliability and concurrent validity estimates. (MB)

  20. The Emperor's New Measurement Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scholten, Annemarie Zand; Maris, Gunter; Borsboom, Denny

    2011-01-01

    In his opening statements, Humphry takes a critical attitude with respect to psychometric modeling. As he advances and discusses Michell's well-known criticisms, the reader is certain that this paper must have something on offer that deviates considerably from conventional psychometrics. After all "most psychometricians have either explicitly or…

  1. Why National Curriculum Testing Is Founded on a Methodological Thought Disorder.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Hugh G.; Wylie, E. Caroline

    1999-01-01

    Makes a case that the architects of national testing posited a measuring scale in which consecutive levels were separated by 2 years of learning under the influence of the "thought disorder" described by J. Michell, who claimed that psychological measurement may be little more than numerical coding. (SLD)

  2. Lost in Translation? Meaning and Decision Making in Actual and Possible Worlds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rupp, Andre A.

    2008-01-01

    From different angles, Borsboom, Markus, and Michell present a careful analysis of the way that specialists reason with empirical data about latent characteristics of individuals. They jointly argue for a more precise and thoughtful use of the key terms and measurement procedures that are ubiquitously employed in disciplines concerned with…

  3. Democracy under Fire: Voter Confusion and Influences in Colorado's Anti-Affirmative Action Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farley, Amy N.; Gaertner, Matthew N.; Moses, Michele S.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, Amy N. Farley, Matthew N. Gaertner, and Michele S. Moses examine the use of ballot initiatives as a particularly attractive form of direct democracy for opponents of affirmative action in higher education. Building on previous scholarship, the authors question whether anti-affirmative ballot initiatives validly reflect…

  4. Articulating Domestic and Global University Descriptors and Indices of Excellence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindsay, Beverly

    2012-01-01

    At the 2010 American Educational Research Association (AERA) annual conference, a featured invited session focused on "How professors think: inside the curious world of academic judgment." Harvard University professor and author, Michele Lamont, articulated a thoughtful precis of her book. Her material concentrates on the "curious" world of…

  5. 75 FR 69158 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-10

    ... Callaghan John Arthur Campeau Pamela Gail Cannon Ralph George Carlson Helma Maria Carstairs Emma Jane... Jason Chua Theodore Yuan-Shiun Chung Hyeon Joo Clark Lisa Michele Clarke Elizabeth Ann Coldren Patricia... Jerome P. Auger Judy Ann Auyang William C. Azhar Shariq Azrieli Stephanie Joyce Bachman Mary...

  6. Useful and Dangerous Discourse: Deconstructing Racialized Knowledge about African-American Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Keffrelyn D.; Brown, Anthony L.

    2012-01-01

    Drawing from Michel Foucault's notion of "useful" and "dangerous" discourse coupled with the theory of racial knowledge, this article examines how two common counter-discourses about African-American students operate and create racial knowledge in education practice. By "counter-discourse", the authors refer to knowledge, theories, and histories…

  7. Reviewing the Reviewers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winkler, Karen J.

    2009-01-01

    Most professors have mixed feelings about participating on peer-review panels. It's an honor. It helps the discipline. It's a waste of time. It's biased. Michele Lamont wanted to know whether it works: specifically, whether, and how, professors identify excellence. So the multi-titled Harvard University scholar--professor of European studies,…

  8. Power/Knowledge: The Discursive Construction of an Author

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsson, Michael

    2007-01-01

    This article reports the findings of a study examining the social/discursive construction of an author (Brenda Dervin) by an international community of researchers (information behavior researchers). A crucial conceptual starting point for the study was Michel Foucault's work on the discursive construction of power/knowledge. The study represents…

  9. Teaching on the Foam of Discourse: Genealogical Perspectives on the Emergence of Speech and Communication as Academic Disciplines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macke, Frank J.

    This essay examines and explicates the nature and pattern of epistemic transformations undergone by the United States academic discipline known as "speech communication." The system of examination and explication employed in the paper follows Michel Foucault's genealogical method of inquiry and, as such, offers a postmodern critical "history" of…

  10. Normalizing the Educated Subject: A Foucaultian Analysis of High-Stakes Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunzenhauser, Michael G.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, I use concepts from Michel Foucault to analyze the ways in which the high-stakes accountability movement has appropriated the technology of the examination to redefine the educated subject as a normalized case. Partly this has become possible because of the role that educational research has played in laying out the conditions for…

  11. Constructing an Ethical Writer for the Postmodern Scene.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassett, Michael J.

    The advent of postmodern criticism has brought about numerous changes in the way those in the academy read and teach the reading of texts. From Michel Foucault's "What is an Author?" to Roland Barthes'"The Death of the Author" and beyond, critics and theorists have sought to decrease the author-ity of the material that is read. In doing so, these…

  12. Foucault, Counselling and the Aesthetics of Existence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Michael A.

    2005-01-01

    Michel Foucault was drawn late in life to study the "arts of the self" in Greco-Roman culture as a basis, following Nietzsche, for what he called an "aesthetics of existence." By this, he meant a set of creative and experimental processes and techniques by which an individual turns him- or herself into a work of art. For Nietzsche, it was above…

  13. 78 FR 12793 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Equal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-25

    ... Register on November 27, 2013 (77 FR 70833). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB..., 2013. Michel Smyth, Departmental Clearance Officer. BILLING CODE 4510-FR-P ...; Equal Employment Opportunity in Apprenticeship Training ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of...

  14. What Happened to Me when the Police Came Knocking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reutty, Michele

    2007-01-01

    Michele Reutty was director of the Free Public Library of Hasbrouck Heights for 17 years. Hasbrouck Heights is a mile-square "bedroom community" of New York City that is located in northern New Jersey. In this article, she narrates her experience--one that probably occurs with alarming regularity to professional librarians all over the United…

  15. Software Applications to Educational Planning and Management. A Collection of Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saint-Germain, M.; And Others

    The five papers in this collection examine the existing trends in the use of microcomputers in educational planning and management. In the first paper, "Reflexions sur l'Ordre du Jour" (French), Michel Saint-Germain addresses contextual factors surrounding the use of computers, priorities that must be accounted for before developing new software…

  16. Critical Thinking and Writing: Reclaiming the Essay. Monographs on Teaching Critical Thinking Number 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newkirk, Thomas

    Intended for teachers, this monograph argues that, unlike the structured, formulaic "school" essay, personal essays in the manner of Michel de Montaigne lead students to explore their connections with ideas and texts. The monograph describes several strategies which use writing as a tool for critical thinking. The monograph contains the following…

  17. STUDIES OF THE LIFE WORK OF FOUR CONTEMPORARY FRENCH AUTHORS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NOSTRAND, HOWARD L.

    REPORTED ARE ANALYSES OF THE WORKS OF FOUR CONTEMPORARY FRENCH AUTHORS (RENE MARILL ALBERES, YVES BONNEFOY, MICHEL BUTOR, AND JEAN BRULLER UNDER THE PSEUDONYM VERCORS). THE ANALYSES WERE PREPARED IN FRENCH BY THE INDIVIDUAL AUTHORS FOR THE FRENCH CULTURE RESEARCH PROJECT, A LANGUAGE RESEARCH EFFORT. THE STUDIES ILLUSTRATE THE AUTHORS' THEMES IN…

  18. Developing Governmentality: Conduct [to the third power] and Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillies, Donald

    2008-01-01

    This article examines education policy and the policy process in the light of two key concepts. The first is the concept of "governmentality" from the work of Michel Foucault (1991). The second is the concept of "political spectacle" from the work of Murray Edelman (1985, 1988). Taking note, further, of recent work by Fairclough (2000) on…

  19. From Being Non-Judgemental to Deconstructing Normalising Judgement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winslade, John M.

    2013-01-01

    Beginning with Carl Rogers' exhortation for counsellors to be non-judgemental of their clients, this article explores the rationale for withholding judgement in therapy, including diagnostic judgement. It traces Rogers' incipient sociopolitical analysis as a foundation for this ethic and argues that Michel Foucault provides a stronger…

  20. 77 FR 30498 - Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-23

    ... of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, as amended), the Rural Utilities Service (RUS) invites comments on...: Michele Brooks, Director, Program Development and Regulatory Analysis, USDA-RUS, 1400 Independence Ave. SW... collection that RUS is submitting to OMB for revision. Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the...

  1. 77 FR 54558 - Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ... of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, as amended), the Rural Utilities Service (RUS) invites comments on... CONTACT: Michele L. Brooks, Director, Program Development and Regulatory Analysis, USDA-RUS, 1400... information collection that RUS is submitting to OMB for extension. Comments are invited on: (a) Whether...

  2. Borrelli, Mill, Emily and Me

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suissa, Judith

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, I explore the insights suggested by Michele Borrelli's 'The Utopianisation of Critique' in the context of a real-life educational encounter that involves an attempt at being critical. Borrelli's observation that all positive utopian critique implies an inevitable degree of dogmatism takes on a new - and less depressing -…

  3. Becoming Individual in Education and Cyberspace

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krejsler, John

    2004-01-01

    This article traces key competences that are necessary to master as teachers are increasingly obliged to orchestrate learning as initiation into individual autonomy. The context is one that acknowledges that learning increasingly dissipates out into cyberspace. Inspired by Gilles Deleuze and Michel Foucault, the article explores preconditions for…

  4. "Socialized Music": Historical Formations of Community Music through Social Rationales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yerichuk, Deanna

    2014-01-01

    This article traces the formation of community music through professional and scholarly articles over the last century in North America, and argues that community music has been discursively formed through social rationales, although the specific rationales have shifted. The author employs an archaeological framework inspired by Michel Foucault to…

  5. 77 FR 35657 - Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-14

    ... techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments may be sent to Michele Brooks, Director... approved collection. Abstract: A borrower's assets provide the security for a government loan. The selling of assets reduces the security and increases the risk to the government. RUS Form 369 allows...

  6. Religious Diversity in the Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michel, George J.; Smith, William Gause; Vickers, Dianne Koenig; Brown, Elsie

    This document contains four papers that address constitutional issues of religious diversity in the schools. The first paper, "Religious Diversity in the Schools--The Overview" (George J. Michel), provides an overview of religious diversity in American public schools, with a focus on the long history of cooperation with Christian churches. It…

  7. Debate Revives Old Arguments on HPV Vaccine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Nirvi

    2011-01-01

    The author reports on a Republican presidential debate which revives the contention over requiring middle school girls to be vaccinated against the virus that causes cervical cancer. At the September 12 debate, U.S. Representative Michele Bachmann, of Minnesota, and Rick Santorum, a former U.S. senator from Pennsylvania, attacked Texas Governor…

  8. 76 FR 34033 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Interstate Movement of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-10

    ... Collection; Interstate Movement of Sheep and Goats AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA... regulations for the interstate movement of sheep and goats to control the spread of scrapie. DATES: We will... movement of sheep and goats to control the spread of scrapie, contact Dr. Michele April, Senior...

  9. New Directions for Learning Community Assessment and Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huerta, Juan Carlos

    2008-01-01

    At the 12th Annual National Learning Communities Conference in November 2007, Juan Carlos Huerta, Gale Stuart, Lauren Chism, and Michele Hansen participated in a panel discussion about new directions in learning communities assessment and research. The intent of the panel discussion was to hear from those involved in learning community assessment,…

  10. Reading Place: Bodies and Spaces in Quebecois Adolescent Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brisson, Genevieve; Rogers, Theresa

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines two Canadian (Quebecois) novels for young adults, translated from French to English in Canada: "The Road to Chlifa" by Michele Marineau, and "Pieces of Me" by Charlotte Gingras. We examine the representation of adolescent bodies in space and movement, and how these coming of age narratives play out in relation to discourses…

  11. 78 FR 2719 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Submission for OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-14

    ... Register of October 24, 2012 (77 FR 65054), the OCC published a 60-day notice requesting public comment on...: You can request additional information or a copy of the collection from Johnny Vilela or Mary H...: January 8, 2013. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities...

  12. 76 FR 6185 - Registration of Mortgage Loan Originators

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-03

    ... originators who originate a de minimis number of residential mortgage loans. \\2\\ 75 FR 44656. The Agencies.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: OCC: Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Heidi Thomas, Special Counsel... Aultman, Secretary, Farm Credit Administration Board. Dated: January 28, 2011. Mary F. Rupp, Secretary...

  13. 78 FR 22946 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Information Collection Renewal; Submission for OMB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-17

    ... notice on February 8, 2013. 78 FR 9452. No comments were received. Comments continue to be solicited on... copy of the collection from Johnny Vilela or Mary H. Gottlieb, Clearance Officers, (202) 649-5490... provide information. Dated: April 11, 2013. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative &...

  14. 75 FR 1840 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-13

    ...-day Federal Register notice on November 3, 2009. 74 FR 56923. No comments were received. Comments... additional information or a copy of the collection from Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance Officer, (202) 874..., and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: January 7, 2010. Michele Meyer,...

  15. 77 FR 64595 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-22

    ..., 2011 (76 FR 5161). Currently, the ASC is in the process of establishing the ASC hotline, which will... from: OCC: Johnny Vilela or Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance Officers, (202) ] 874-5090, Legislative and..., and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: October 5, 2012. Michele Meyer,...

  16. 75 FR 51531 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    .... Comments: The OCC issued a 60-Day Federal Register notice concerning the collection on June 11, 2010. 75 FR... by contacting: Mary H. Gottlieb, (202) 874-5090, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division.... Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division, Office of...

  17. 75 FR 26844 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-12

    ... Federal Register notice on March 4, 2010. 75 FR 10021. No comments were received. Comments continue to be... by contacting: Mary H. Gottlieb, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division, Office of the... provide information. Dated: May 4, 2010. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and...

  18. 78 FR 1305 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-08

    ... this collection for 60 days of comment on October 5, 2012 (77 FR 61050). No comments were received... information or a copy of the collection from Johnny Vilela or Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance Officers, (202..., and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: January 2, 2013. Michele Meyer,...

  19. 77 FR 4883 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ... soliciting comment for 60 days on this information collection (76 FR 72764). No comments were received... the collection from Ira L. Mills (202) 874-6055 or Mary H. Gottlieb (202) 874-5090, OCC Clearance..., and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: January 25, 2012. Michele Meyer,...

  20. 77 FR 47163 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-07

    ... comment. 77 FR 27858 (May 11, 2012). No comments were received. Comments continue to be invited on: (a... of the collection from Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance Officer, (202) 874-5090, Office of the... of services to provide information. Dated: July 31, 2012. Michele Meyer, Assistant...

  1. 78 FR 33152 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Information Collection Renewal; Submission for OMB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-03

    ... Burden: 800. Comment: The OCC published a 60-day notice in the Federal Register. 78 FR 16361 (March 14... collection from Johnny Vilela or Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance Officers, (202) 649-5490, Legislative and.... Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division. BILLING CODE 4810-33-P...

  2. 75 FR 42823 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-22

    ... received emergency approval.\\1\\ \\1\\ 75 FR 36395 (June 25, 2010). Title: Guidance on Sound Incentive... additional information or a copy of the collection from Mary H. Gottlieb, (202) 874-5090, Legislative and... operation, maintenance, and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: July 19, 2010. Michele...

  3. 76 FR 56500 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ... collection. 76 FR 21799. No comments were received. Comments continue to be invited on: (a) Whether the... Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance Officers, (202) 874-6055 or (202) 874-5090, Legislative and Regulatory... provide information. Dated: September 7, 2011. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative...

  4. 75 FR 26844 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-12

    ..., 2010. 75 FR 10020. No comments were received. Comments continue to be invited on: (a) Whether the... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: You may request additional information from Mary H. Gottlieb, Clearance.... Dated: May 4, 2010. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities...

  5. 77 FR 20102 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-03

    ...,661.5 The OCC issued a 60-day Federal Register notice on January 20, 2012 (77 FR 3032). No comments... request additional information or a copy of the collection from Mary H. Gottlieb, or Ira L. Mills, OCC.... Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division. BILLING CODE 4810-33-P...

  6. 78 FR 36826 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Information Collection; Submission for OMB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-19

    ... notice on April 1, 2013. (78 FR 19570). No comments were received. Comments continue to be invited on: (a... CONTACT: You may request additional information or a copy of the collection from Johnny Vilela or Mary H... provide information. Dated: June 12, 2013. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and...

  7. 78 FR 2720 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-14

    ... republished as CFPB regulations (76 FR 79028 (December 21, 2011)). The burden estimates have been revised to... information or a copy of the collection from Mary H. Gottlieb and Johnny Vilela, OCC Clearance Officers, (202..., and purchase of services to provide information. Dated: January 8, 2013. Michele Meyer,...

  8. 75 FR 62183 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-07

    .... 75 FR 33385. No comments were received. Comments continue to be invited on: (a) Whether the... request additional information or a copy of the collection from Mary H. Gottlieb, OCC Clearance Officer... provide information. ] Dated: August 10, 2010. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative...

  9. 77 FR 67057 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Joint Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-08

    ... Register (77 FR 44714) and requested public comment for 60 days on a proposal to extend, with revision, the... forms can be obtained at the FFIEC's Web site ( http://www.ffiec.gov/ffiec_report_forms.htm ). OCC: Mary... 1, 2012. Michele Meyer, Assistant Director, Legislative and Regulatory Activities Division,...

  10. 75 FR 60511 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-30

    ... Register notice was issued on July 22, 2010 (75 FR 42824). No comments were received. Comments continue to... documentation submitted to OMB by contacting: Mary H. Gottlieb, (202) 874-5090, Legislative and Regulatory... of services to provide information. Dated: September 22, 2010. Michele Meyer, Assistant...

  11. Widening Participation, the Instrumentalization of Knowledge and the Reproduction of Inequality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mavelli, Luca

    2014-01-01

    According to Michel Foucault, modernity is predicated on the emergence of an instrumental idea of knowledge, which does not affect the constitution of the individual as a subject. This article aims to explore this thesis in the context of British Higher Education through a problematization of widening participation policies, and how they have been…

  12. Advocating a Post-Structuralist Politics for Educational Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niesche, Richard; Gowlett, Christina

    2015-01-01

    Post-structuralist discourses have usually been associated with forms of critique and deconstruction of social, cultural and philosophical phenomena. However, this article attempts to provide a generative approach to understanding educational leadership through Michel Foucault's notions of power and subjectification, and Judith Butler's notions of…

  13. Emotions "Unleashed" in Paint

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skophammer, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Many painters use lines to express powerful emotions. Both Vincent van Gogh and Jean-Michel Basquiat had difficult lives filled with hardship, and died at a young age. They both used art to deal with their emotions. It seems like the stronger the feelings were in them, the faster the strokes were put down in their work. In this article,…

  14. Higher Education Research at the Turn of the New Century: Structures, Issues, and Trends. Garland Studies in Higher Education, Volume 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadlak, Jan, Ed.; Altbach, Philip G., Ed.

    This collection of 15 essays provides a state of the art report on research activities in higher education since the early 1980s. It includes: (1) "Research on Higher Education: Global Perspectives" (Philip G. Altbach); (2) "Research on Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa" (Corbin Michel Guedegbe); (3) "Research on Higher Education in a…

  15. Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1983.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melanges Pedagogiques, 1983

    1983-01-01

    The 1983 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains six articles in French. These include the following: "E.A.O.: Expression avec ordinateur (E.A.O.: Computer-Aided Expression)" (Daniele Abe, Michele Cembalo); "Ou suis-je? De la relation apprenant/environnement (Where Am I? On the Learner/Environment Relationship)"…

  16. Personal Narratives in Life History Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Germeten, Sidsel

    2013-01-01

    In this article I discuss how to create personal narratives in life history research methodology. People tell stories of their lives, and the researchers make these stories into life histories. Based on theoretical perspectives on "discourse" inspired by Michel Foucault, narratives are seen as ways of positioning oneself as a…

  17. Putting Foucault to Work: Understanding Power in a Rural School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freie, Carrie; Eppley, Karen

    2014-01-01

    This case study uses the work of Michel Foucault to challenge the normalization of the principal's role and to examine the complex power relations of a rural school and community in the midst of a closure/consolidation and subsequent reopening as a charter school. In so doing, we move beyond analysis of best practices and toward a more…

  18. Biopower, Disciplinary Power, and the Production of the "Good Latino/a Teacher"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Donna Kalmbach; Nava, Robert Ch.

    2011-01-01

    This inquiry explores who is the "good teacher of color". Through Michel Foucault's notion of biopower and disciplinary power, the analysis attempts to problematize the subject-position of "teacher of color" by exploring how a Latino intern and a Latina intern negotiated their subjectivity in a large diverse school district. Participants'…

  19. Himalayan optical telescope switches on

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padma, T. V.

    2016-05-01

    The largest optical telescope in India has turned on, opening up a new era for astronomy in the country. The 3.6 m Devasthal Optical Telescope (DOT) – part of an Indo-Belgian collaboration – was activated remotely on 30 March from Belgium by visiting Indian prime minister Narendra Modi and his Belgian counterpart Charles Michel.

  20. Ethical Leadership Development as Care of the Self: A Foucauldian Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pignatelli, Frank

    2015-01-01

    This essay addresses the care of the self as an important aspect in the development of educational leaders. It draws upon Michel Foucault's analysis of power and its relationship to his understanding of ethics as a practice one cultivates and takes on in the interests of leadership development. Foucault's work in these areas is timely for graduate…

  1. Making Hollow Men

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Charles W.

    2010-01-01

    In this essay Charles Harvey offers a worried reflection on the range, extent, depth, affects, and effects of the perpetual assessment of the person in (post)industrial nations in the contemporary world. Harvey begins his analysis by appealing to the work of Martin Heidegger, Michel Foucault, and Jean Baudrillard to provide an interpretive…

  2. An Outdoor and Environmental Education Community of Practice: Self Stylisation or Normalisation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preston, Lou

    2012-01-01

    In this article, I draw on a qualitative longitudinal study to explore the influence of a tertiary Outdoor and Environmental Education (OEE) course on the formation of environmental ethics among students. In this task, I bring together Lave & Wenger (1991) and Wenger's (1998) concept of "communities of practice" and Michel Foucault's later work on…

  3. Biopower, Biosociality, and Community Formation: How Biopower Is Constitutive of the Deaf Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedner, Michele

    2010-01-01

    Key thinkers within Deaf Studies (e.g., Lane 1992 and Ladd 2003) have utilized the work of Michel Foucault on biopower in order to critically examine the ways in which the Hearing community oppresses the Deaf community through medical, audiological, social service, and educational institutions. In this article I argue that biopower is not just…

  4. Asking "Who Are You?" when Going "into the Wild": Moving beyond an Individualized Form of Outdoor Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zink, Robyn

    2010-01-01

    The story of Chris McCandless, as told by Jon Krakauer, and more recently by Sean Penn, tells a familiar tale of going alone into the wilderness in search of the truth of oneself. Chris's story provides a parable to explore some of the motifs that inform contemporary outdoor education. In this paper I draw on the work of Michel Foucault and Judith…

  5. Citizenship Discourses: Production and Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Maria; Fejes, Andreas; Dahlstedt, Magnus; Nicoll, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores citizenship discourses empirically through upper secondary school student's understandings, as these emerge in and through their everyday experiences. Drawing on a post-structuralist theorisation inspired by the work of Michel Foucault, a discourse analysis of data from interviews with students is carried out. This analysis…

  6. Technologies and Truth Games: Research as a Dynamic Method

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassett, Dawnene D.

    2010-01-01

    This article offers a way of thinking about literacy instruction that critiques current reasoning, but also provides a space to dynamically think outside of prevalent practices. It presents a framework for both planning and studying literacy pedagogy that combines a practical everyday model of the reading process with Michel Foucault's (1988c)…

  7. Troubling Adult Learning in the Present Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Robert J.

    2008-01-01

    The French philosopher Michel Foucault asks, "What's going on just now? What's happening to everyone? What is this world, this period, this precise moment in which everyone is living? Answers to these questions have a profound impact on learning. Before probing Foucault's questions regarding the nature of this precise moment and how they relate to…

  8. Interaction of axions with relativistic spinning particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Popov, V. A.; Balakin, A. B.

    2016-05-01

    We consider a covariant phenomenological model, which describes an interaction between a pseudoscalar (axion) field and massive spinning particles. The model extends the Bagrmann-Michel-Telegdy approach in application to the axion electrodynamics. We present some exact solutions and discuss them in the context of experimental tests of the model and axion detection.

  9. A Paradox of Freedom in "Becoming Oneself through Learning": Foucault's Response to His Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stickney, Jeff

    2013-01-01

    In his later lectures, published as "The Hermeneutics of the Subject," Michel Foucault surveys different modalities of obtaining "truth" about one's self and the world: from Socrates to the Cynics, Stoics, Epicureans and early church writers. Genealogically tracing this opposition between knowing "self and…

  10. Evaluations and the Forgetfulness of Pedagogical Relations: Remarks on Educational Authority

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Christiane

    2013-01-01

    In this essay, Christiane Thompson addresses the question of evaluative practices, particularly student evaluation of teaching (SET), and their effects with respect to pedagogical relations in the university setting. In the first part of the essay, Thompson draws on Michel Foucault's analysis of power to show how university teaching has come…

  11. Swedish Progressive School Politics and the Disciplinary Regime of the School, 1946-1962: A Genealogical Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qvarsebo, Jonas U. D.

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the vision of the Swedish comprehensive school reform between 1946-1962 as it pertains to the ever-troubling questions of discipline and order in school. Inspired primarily by the work of Michel Foucault and his genealogical perspective, the article problematises the notion that character formation and school discipline…

  12. Foucault on Camp: What Does His Work Offer Outdoor Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zink, Robyn; Burrows, Lisette

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we examine aspects of French social theorist, Michel Foucault's work and the contributions these can make to understanding practices in outdoor education. We look specifically at his notions of practice, discourse, power and the self and the lines of questioning that these concepts make possible in relation to outdoor education. We…

  13. 77 FR 45379 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Termination...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-31

    ... information, see the related notice published in the Federal Register on April 5, 2012 (77 FR 20650... or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number) or... not toll- free numbers), email: OIRA_submission@omb.eop.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Contact...

  14. 75 FR 79026 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Ventilation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-17

    ... in the Federal Register on September 16, 2010, (75 FR 56562). Interested parties are encouraged to... from the RegInfo.gov Web site, http://www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain or by contacting Michel Smyth... not toll-free numbers), e-mail: OIRA_submission@omb.eop.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Contact...

  15. 78 FR 31581 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Registered...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-24

    ... Register on January 11, 2013 (78 FR 2443). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB..., Departmental Clearance Officer. BILLING CODE 4510-FR-P ... notice or by contacting Michel Smyth by telephone at 202-693-4129 (this is not a toll-free number)...

  16. Welcoming Opposition: "Havruta" Learning and Montaigne's "The Art of Discussion"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holzer, Elie

    2015-01-01

    Michel de Montaigne's "L'art de Conférer" offers a moral groundwork for students' learning of "havruta," a traditional Jewish form of studying in pairs, based on collaborative critical text-based learning, that can be applied to students everywhere. The article attends to the nature of "havruta" learning and to…

  17. Reflections: Continuing the Conversation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephenson, Maxine

    2012-01-01

    An overarching methodological focus in this issue of the "Journal of Educational Administration and History" has been to engage Michel Foucault's concern with "a history of the present". In this article, the author begins her overview of the collection in the present--specifically, and in keeping with the topic for this special issue, with a…

  18. Listening to Children in Order to Capture Potential Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheeseman, Jill; Michels, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Jill Cheeseman and Deborah Michels let us eavesdrop on a young child's attempt to solve a four-digit subtraction. In the process they describe the use of an empty number line as a tool for describing the calculation process. If you haven't tried using an empty number line, then the authors outline some compelling reasons for using empty number…

  19. The Constitution of Outdoor Education Groups: An Analysis of the Literature?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zink, Robyn

    2010-01-01

    Groups are ubiquitous in outdoor education and while there is a lot of literature on groups, there is limited examination of the assumptions made about groups and the effects these assumptions have on the practices of outdoor education. I utilise some of Michel Foucault's (1992) tools to investigate literature on outdoor education groups.…

  20. Through the Camera's Eye: A Phenomenological Analysis of Teacher Subjectivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenwalt, Kyle A.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to understand how preservice teachers experience a common university assignment: the videotaping and analysis of their own instruction. Using empirical data and the thought of the French philosophers Michel Foucault and Emmanuel Levinas, the study examines the difficulties in transitioning from student subjectivity to…

  1. "She Don't Know I Got It. You Ain't Gonna Tell Her, Are You?" Popular Culture as Resistance in American Preschools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henward, Allison S.

    2015-01-01

    Popular culture is often a site of contestation in preschool classrooms. A multisited ethnographic design revealed preschools employed varied strategies to limit popular culture. Teacher and children's actions were considered through Michel de Certeau's (1984) concepts of tactics and strategies. Interviews and observations revealed children were…

  2. Knowledge Organization: A Sociohistorical Analysis and Critique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andersen, Jack; Skouvig, Laura

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the authors examine the discipline of knowledge organization by harnessing the theories of Michel Foucault and Jurgen Habermas. The argument is that knowledge organization is not just a question of improved technology; as an academic discipline, it has to define and legitimize its relevance for society. The authors use the…

  3. Schooling Entrepreneurs: Entrepreneurship, Governmentality and Education Policy in Sweden at the Turn of the Millennium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dahlstedt, Magnus; Hertzberg, Fredrik

    2012-01-01

    Departing from Michel Foucault's concept of governmentality, the focus of this article is the introduction of entrepreneurial education in Swedish education policy at the turn of the millennium. We analyze the various meanings attached to the concepts of "entrepreneur" and "entrepreneurship" in education policy documents,…

  4. Chroniques (Chronicles).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Charles; And Others

    1979-01-01

    This section consists of six essays dealing with: (1) current trends in French linguistics; (2) French possessive pronouns; (3) contemporary French novelists; (4) "happiness" in France; (5) the Belgian playwright Michel Ghelderode; and (6) the pedagogical use of popular songs. (AM)

  5. Performative Pedagogy: Resignifying Teaching in the Corporatized University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brenner, David

    2006-01-01

    This essay reexamines pedagogical practice and its normative assessment in the American university system by employing an approach derived from Michel Foucault's knowledge/power nexus. While a systematically applied curriculum such as Gerald Graff's "teaching the conflicts" has the potential to democratize higher education, it may be ineffective…

  6. 76 FR 21406 - Michael J. Aruta, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-15

    ... at 76 FR 19420 under the third column. Dated: April 8, 2011. Michele M. Leonhart, Administrator... Decision of the Administrative Law Judge (76 FR 19420). In preparing the document for publication, the... Enforcement Administration Michael J. Aruta, M.D.; Decision and Order ACTION: Correction. On Thursday, April...

  7. 76 FR 21406 - Cynthia M. Cadet, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-15

    ... at 76 FR 19451 under the second column. Dated: April 8, 2011. Michele M. Leonhart, Administrator... Decision of the Administrative Law Judge (76 FR 19450). In preparing the document for publication, the... Enforcement Administration Cynthia M. Cadet, M.D.; Decision and Order ACTION: Correction. On Thursday, April...

  8. AN INTEGRATED RESEARCH AGENDA TO EVALUATE TAP WATER DISINFECTION BYPRODUCTS AND HUMAN HEALTH: PART 1

    EPA Science Inventory

    An Integrated Research Agenda to Evaluate Tap Water Disinfection Byproducts and Human Health: Part I

    Michele Lynberg1, David Ashley 2, Pauline Mendola3, J. R. Nuckols4, Kenneth Cantor5, Benjamin Blount 2, Philip Singer6, Charles Wilkes7, Lorraine Backer1, and Peter Langlo...

  9. A Fearsome Trap: The Will to Know, the Obligation to Confess, and the Freudian Subject of Desire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ambrosio, John

    2010-01-01

    The author examines the relation between Michel Foucault's corpus and Freudian psychoanalysis. He argues that Foucault had a complex and changing relationship to psychoanalysis for two primary reasons: his own psychopathology, personal experience, and expressed desire, and due to an ineluctable contradiction at the heart of psychoanalysis itself.…

  10. Differentially Positioned Language Games: Ethnomathematics from a Philosophical Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knijnik, Gelsa

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new philosophical perspective for ethnomathematics which articulates Ludwig Wittgenstein's and Michel Foucault's theoretical notions. It is conceived as a theoretical toolbox which allows the analysis of, on the one hand, the mathematical language games of different forms of life and their family resemblances and, on the…

  11. The History of the Present: Towards a Contemporary Phenomenology of the School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peim, Nick

    2001-01-01

    Discusses phenomenology as it relates to the theory that radical distinction cannot be sustained for subject and object, based on our perceptions of the factors involved. Focuses on Michel Foucault's philosophy and Jacques Derrida's anti-essentialist phenomenology. States that potential exists for rethinking the politics of theory in education.…

  12. The Humanist Turn in Foucault's Rhetoric of Inquiry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blair, Carole; Cooper, Martha

    1987-01-01

    Discusses the relationship of Michel Foucault's work to the human perspective. Argues that Fisher is inaccurate in characterizing Foucault as an "anti-humanist." Claims that Foucault's concept of the "statement" and his method of critique turn the humanist perspective toward a liberating, activist form that allows for change within the status quo.…

  13. Pedagogy Without Humanism: Foucault and the Subject of Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biesta, Gert J. J.

    1998-01-01

    Examines the postmodern critique of the modern conception of human subjectivity and what it entails for our understanding of education, noting what this implies for educational practice. The paper refers to the work of Michel Foucault, discussing his ideas against the background of a distinction between education as manipulation and education as…

  14. Citizenship Education, Policy, and the Educationalization of Educational Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgson, Naomi

    2008-01-01

    In this essay, Naomi Hodgson reconsiders the value of Michel Foucault's normalization thesis to the study of educationalization in relation to contemporary educational policy and research. Hodgson begins by analyzing educational researchers' response to the recent introduction of citizenship education in England, focusing specifically on a review…

  15. 76 FR 63846 - Substantially Underserved Trust Areas (SUTA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-14

    ... entitled ``Department Programs and Activities Excluded from Executive Order 12372,'' (50 FR 47034). However... available on the Internet at http://www.rurdev.usda.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michele Brooks... Guarantees. The Catalog is available on the Internet at http://www.cfda.gov . Executive Order 12372...

  16. Writing the Self: Ethical Self-Formation and the Undefined Work of Freedom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ambrosio, John

    2008-01-01

    In this essay, John Ambrosio examines the role of ascetic writing practices in Michel Foucault's conception of ethical self-formation. Ambrosio argues for an interpretation of Foucault's later writings as representative of both an extension, and a dramatic break, from his previous writings--from demolishing the subject to embracing the notion of…

  17. Transgression or Stasis? Challenging Foucault in LIS Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buschman, John

    2007-01-01

    Michel Foucault (1926-84) is a primary thinker informing the construction of a critical theory of library and information science (LIS), or librarianship. He is widely cited and is adapted in various ways that focus on LIS forms of power, discourse, and so on. Others have addressed Foucault's topics, but he remains central. Librarianship has taken…

  18. "The Bandits of Orgosolo."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, Frank

    1968-01-01

    The film, "The Bandits of Orgosolo," illustrates how environment inexorably shapes the lives of individuals. Michele, a poor Sardinian shepherd falsely accused of aiding bandits, flees from the police with his younger brother and the herd of sheep that supports them. By the time they finally reach safety, the entire flock has died from exhaustion,…

  19. The Body as (in) Curriculum: On Wars, Complexes and Rides

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janssen, Diederik F.

    2007-01-01

    In this article the author discusses what he considers to be an ultrastructure of Michel Foucault's "pedagogisation" of sex, which is the expanding normative imagination of bodies and sexualities as and in curricula. Here the author proposes an inclusive reading of "curriculum" that departs from the specific scholastic definition, one that…

  20. The Story of Lip-Reading; Its Genesis and Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeLand, Fred; Montague, Harriet Andrews

    The historical developments of the use of lipreading from 1500 A.D. to 1931 are described. Education of the deaf is traced from its beginnings in Spain to England, Belgium, Holland, and France with the use of quotations from literature and old documents. The lives and works of Charles Michel de l'Epee and Samuel Heinicke, the beginning of…

  1. Changes in antioxidant and fruit quality in hot water-treated ‘Hom Thong’ banana fruit during storage

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The effects of hot water treatment on antioxidant phytochemicals and fruit quality were investigated in banana fruit of cv. Gros Michel (Musa acuminata, AAA Group, locally called cv. Hom Thong) by immersing fruits in hot water (50 'C) for 10 min, before storage at 25 'C for 10 days or 14 'C for 8 da...

  2. Critical Studies: From the Theory of Ideology to Power/Knowledge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sholle, David J.

    1988-01-01

    Examines theories of ideology as presented in Marxist-based critical studies; how these theories serve a strategic function within Marxist theory; and, by way of the work of Michel Foucault, the inadequacies of this discourse of "ideological" analysis. Proposes that critical studies of the media move toward the concept of power/knowledge. (SD)

  3. 76 FR 78954 - Post Office Closing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-20

    ... Post Office Closing AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This document informs the public that an appeal of the closing of the Milan, Kansas post office has been filed. It... close the Milan post office in Milan, Kansas. The petition for review was filed by Michele...

  4. Irresistible

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curio, Michele

    2005-01-01

    One of Michele Curio's favorite art lessons is creating a resist using oil pastels under black tempera paint. The process produces dramatic and creative results with a high success rate even for the most art-challenged students. The artworks have a sophisticated, painterly quality that is achieved with more control and less mess than direct…

  5. Border Crossing Subjectivities and Research: Through the Prism of Feminists of Color

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coloma, Roland Sintos

    2008-01-01

    Drawing on my research experiences as a Filipino American historian, this article explores what Michel Foucault calls "subjectification", the dialectial process of self-making and being-made, within the context of ethnic identities and transnational projects. Engaging the work of feminists of color in particular, it outlines three types of subject…

  6. Transdisciplinary Teaching and Research: What Is Possible in Higher Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClam, Sherie; Flores-Scott, Emma M.

    2012-01-01

    Framed in Michele Foucault's theories of discipline and technologies of the self, this paper explores the possibilities for teaching and researching across disciplinary boundaries within the academy. In Foucault's studies of systems of thought, he conceptualized practices--like sexuality--to be instances of what is possible to be, think, and do…

  7. A Thematic Unit: "Le Peineta Colorada"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montas, Michele; Cannon, Luz

    2003-01-01

    This thematic unit was written by Michele Montas and Luz Cannon, middle school Spanish teachers, who were participants in a summer institute held at the National K-12 Foreign Language Resource Center in 2001. The institute, called "Temas Anejos: Recurring Themes in Ancient and Modern Latin America," brought together a talented group of professors.…

  8. "Spend Your Whole Life Learning and Giving!": An Interview with Alice Sterling Honig

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Early Childhood Research & Practice, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents an interview with Dr. Alice Sterling Honig which took place in Syracuse, New York, in May 2009. Michele Jachim Barrett of Syracuse University conducted the interview using questions prepared by the editors of "ECRP." Dr. Honig is currently Professor Emerita at Syracuse University. Her work in early childhood development, care,…

  9. A Structural View of American Educational History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxcy, Spencer J.

    1977-01-01

    Displays the components of the structuralist views of Levi-Strauss, Michel Foucault, and Thomas S. Kuhn; constructs a model for doing structuralist studies in educational research; and tests the model on the pragmatic/progressive period in American educational history. (Author/IRT)

  10. Science Pedagogy as a Category of Historical Analysis: Past, Present, and Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olesko, Kathryn M.

    2006-01-01

    Historical studies of science pedagogy have flourished in recent years. This essay offers an assessment of the literature on science pedagogy from the 1930s to the present. It argues that rather than focusing on the work of Thomas Kuhn and Michel Foucault, historians of science pedagogy could with profit turn to the work of Ludwik Fleck. Fleck…

  11. The Mississippi Years (1969-1974)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agras, W. Stewart

    2012-01-01

    The 4 years that Michel Hersen spent at the University of Mississippi Medical Center (1970-1974) are described in this article from the viewpoint of his place in the history of the development of behavior analysis and therapy. The Department of Psychiatry at the University of Mississippi Medical Center became a leader in enhancing the role of…

  12. Foreign Language Teaching and Cultural Identity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nasr, Raja T., Ed.; And Others

    A collection of works on the role of cultural identity in second language learning and teaching includes: "Linguas estrangeiras e ideologia" (Roberto Ballalai); "Cultural Identity and Bilinguality" (Josiane F. Hamers, Michel Blanc); "Foreign Language Teaching and Cultural Identity" (Lakshmie K. Cumaranatunge); "Ensino de linguas estrangeiras e…

  13. Conversations with Today's Montessorians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montessori Life: A Publication of the American Montessori Society, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Montessorians, namely Judi Bauerlein, Jack Blessington, Dr. John Chattin-McNichols, Dr. Betsy Coe, Amy Henderson, Dr. Michele Monson, Anna P. Perry, and Bretta Weiss Wolff. In an interview, these Montessorians discuss their personal Montessori journeys and their insights on Montessori as a movement over the…

  14. Hijacking Education Policy Decisions: Ballot Initiatives and the Case of Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moses, Michele S.; Saenz, Lauren P.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, Michele Moses and Lauren Saenz explore a growing trend in education policymaking--the ballot initiative. Specifically, the authors question whether information presented to voters is sufficiently substantive to permit educated decisionmaking about influential policies. Their study, a content analysis of print news media related to…

  15. Beyond Intimaphobia: Object Lessons from Foucault and Sade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greteman, Adam Joseph

    2014-01-01

    In this study I suggest ways of thinking through issues of intimacy that have emerged in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries in the USA. I propose a state of intimaphobia in education. However, I move beyond exposing this state of intimaphobia to offer particular readings of two philosophers of intimacy: Michel Foucault and the…

  16. Urban Planning and School Architecture: Homologies in Governing the Civic Body and the School Body.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hennon, Lisa

    This paper is a preliminary examination of homologous shifts in U.S. discourses of school architecture and "planning" as they relate to curricular reforms and inventions of new pedagogical techniques. The strategy of discursive analysis uses Michel Foucault's conceptualization of "governmentality" to examine discourses on the design and building…

  17. Proceedings of the EMU Conference on Foreign Languages for Business and the Professions (Dearborn, Michigan, April 5-7, 1984). Part III: Taking the Humanities to Business.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voght, Geoffrey M., Ed.

    Part III of the proceedings contains 12 presentations. They are: "The Role of Business Language in the Traditional Curriculum" (Michel Rocchi); "Foreign Languages for Business and the Professions Belong in the Liberal Arts" (Robert A. Kreiter); "How Much and How Far? Commercial French and the Student, Instructor, Administrator, and the Business…

  18. 76 FR 9381 - Notice of Availability of Interim Staff Guidance Documents for Spent Fuel Storage Casks

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-17

    ... Gordon, Structural Mechanics and Materials Branch, Division of Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation... ISG-23 should be directed to Matthew Gordon, Structural Mechanics and Materials Branch, Division of.... Michele Sampson, Acting Chief, Structural Mechanics and Materials Branch, Division of Spent Fuel...

  19. Montaigne, Nietzsche, and the Mnemotechnics of Student Agency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bingham, Charles

    2007-01-01

    This essay explores the educational implications of the thought of Michel de Montaigne and Friedrich Nietzsche on the subject of memory. It explores the sorts of cultural memory practices that Nietzsche has called "mnemotechnics", that is, the aspects of memory use that allow human beings to live life more fully. Nietzsche and Montaigne's work is…

  20. Monumentalizing Disaster and Wreak-Construction: A Case Study of Haiti to Rethink the Privatization of Public Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atasay, Engin; Delavan, Garrett

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a theoretical effort to support but complicate critiques of disaster capitalism and neoliberal strategies to profit from public education. We put into conversation a discursive analysis following Michel Foucault and a spatial analysis following Henri Lefebvre that focus on monumentalized disasters. We argue that neoliberalism carries…

  1. Towards a Discovery-Oriented Ethnography in Researching the Professional Context of Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friberg, Torbjörn

    2014-01-01

    Today anthropologists seem to be increasingly studying phenomena in their own societies. Many have a focus on policies in organizations and an interest in explicating cultural phenomena constituted by power and governance. Consequently, a recent interest has emerged in Michel Foucault's philosophy, especially as an inspiration for ethnographic…

  2. Teaching Reading & Study Strategies at the College Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flippo, Rona F., Ed.; Caverly, David C., Ed.

    This book provides a review of the theoretical, empirical, and instructional issues in the field of college reading and study strategies through a careful and systematic examination of the relevant literature. The articles and their authors are, as follows: (1) "Vocabulary Acquisition and the College Student" (Michele L. Simpson and Edward J.…

  3. The Crew Compartment Trainer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    STS-93 crew emergency egress training in the Crew Compartment Trainer (CCT). The five crewmembers of STS-93 in the middeck mock-up are from left to right: Mission Specialist Michel Tognini, Mission Specialist Catherine 'Cady' Coleman, Pilot Jeffrey Ashby, Commander Eileen Collins and Mission Specialist Stephen Hawley.

  4. An Apprenticeship in Resistance May '68 and the Power of Vincennes (Universite de Paris VIII)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolphijn, Rick

    2007-01-01

    Background: The riots in Paris '68 marked among others, the creation of a "Centre universitaire experimental" in Vincennes of which especially the philosophy faculty became the testing laboratory for educational reform. There, scholars like Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Alain Badiou and Jean-Francois Lyotard developed new ideas on education…

  5. Postmodern Philosophical Critique and the Pursuit of Knowledge in Higher Education. Critical Studies in Education and Culture Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mourad, Roger P., Jr.

    This book explores postmodern critique in scholarly inquiry in the context of the philosophies of Jean-Francois Lyotard, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Richard Rorty, and Calvin Schrag. Claiming that the overall course of inquiry is characterized by basic theoretical deficiencies, postmodern critique suggests a rethinking of the nature and aims…

  6. 76 FR 49797 - Designation of ONDCP SES Performance Review Board Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-11

    ... CONTROL POLICY Designation of ONDCP SES Performance Review Board Members AGENCY: Office of National Drug Control Policy. ACTION: Notice of Designation of ONDCP SES Performance Review Board. Headings: Designation... Office of National Drug Control Policy has appointed Patrick M. Ward, Robert Denniston, Michele Marx,...

  7. 76 FR 21406 - Roni Dreszer, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-15

    ... Decision of the Administrative Law Judge (76 FR 19434). In preparing the document for publication, the... at 76 FR 19437 under the second column. Dated: April 8, 2011. Michele M. Leonhart, Administrator... Enforcement Administration Roni Dreszer, M.D.; Decision and Order ACTION: Correction. On Thursday, April...

  8. 76 FR 21406 - Beau Boshers, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-15

    ... Decision of the Administrative Law Judge (76 FR 19401). In preparing the document for publication, the... at 76 FR 19404 under the third column. Dated: April 8, 2011. Michele M. Leonhart, Administrator... Enforcement Administration Beau Boshers, M.D.; Decision and Order ACTION: Correction. On Thursday, April...

  9. 76 FR 21406 - Jacobo Dreszer, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-15

    ... Decision of the Administrative Law Judge (76 FR 19386). In preparing the document for publication, the... at 76 FR 19390 under the first column. Dated: April 8, 2011. Michele M. Leonhart, Administrator... Enforcement Administration Jacobo Dreszer, M.D.; Decision and Order ACTION: Correction. On Thursday, April...

  10. Selected Papers from the 11th International Conference on College Teaching and Learning (11th, Jacksonville, Florida, April 12-15, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Jack A., Ed.

    This collection of papers from an international conference on higher education teaching and learning includes: "Fostering Scientific Thinking with New Technologies: A Socio-Cognitive Approach" (Michel Aube); "The 'Classroom Flip': Using Web Course Management Tools to Become the Guide by the Side" (J. Wesley Baker); "Embracing Information and…

  11. Hidden sketches by Leonardo da Vinci revealed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dumé, Belle

    2009-02-01

    Three drawings on the back of Leonardo da Vinci's The Virgin and Child with St Anne (circa 1508) have been discovered by researchers led by Michel Menu from the Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF) and the Louvre Museum in Paris.

  12. The Deployment of the Medico-Psychological Gaze and Disability Expertise in Relation to Children with Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mckenzie, Judith Anne; Macleod, Catriona Ida

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we adopt the concepts of Michel Foucault on the medical gaze and Nikolas Rose on psychological expertise to differentiate between two forms of expertise evident in the education of intellectually disabled children. We draw on a discourse analytic study carried out in South Africa on intellectual disability in relation to educational…

  13. Proceedings of the Invitational Conference on Testing Problems (23rd, New York, New York, October 31, 1959).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.

    The conference was centered on the theme, The Impact of Testing on the Educational Process. The morning session was devoted to the broader thematic aspects and included the following papers: What Testing Does to Teachers and Students, by Ralph W. Tyler; Some Lessons for High School Physics, by Walter C. Michels; and Education 1975, by Paul…

  14. Education, Eco-Progressivism and the Nature of School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Jay

    2007-01-01

    This article is an attempt to critique some of the limitations of dominant school reform discourses in education, drawing upon the work of Michel Foucault, Michael Apple, Maxine Greene, and Dennis Carlson, in addition to writers in the emerging field of what might be called "eco-progressivism." The intersections between ecology and education can…

  15. STS-93: Crew Watch the Installation of Chandra's Solar Panel in the VPF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Live footage shows the crewmembers, Commander Eileen M. Collins, Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby, and Mission Specialists Steven A. Hawley, Catherine G. Coleman and Michel Tognini, watching the installation of Chandra's Solar Panel in the Vertical Processing Facility (VPF) at Kennedy Space Center. Crewmembers ask the engineers questions about different components in order to familiarize themselves.

  16. Somaesthetics and Racism: Toward an Embodied Pedagogy of Difference

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granger, David A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper begins by examining the architectonics of the body and the mind-body relationship in the work of John Dewey, Michel Foucault, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. In doing so, it utilizes philosopher Richard Shusterman's analytic somaesthetics to expose the way racist ideology is covertly materialized and preserved through encoding in somatic norms…

  17. Freshwater harmful algal bloom exposure – an emerging health risk for recreational water users

    EPA Science Inventory

    Freshwater harmful algal bloom exposure – an emerging health risk for recreational water users Elizabeth D. Hilborn1, Virginia A. Roberts2, Lorraine C. Backer3, Jonathan S. Yoder2, Timothy J. Wade1, Michele C. Hlavsa2 1Environmental Public Health Division, Office of Researc...

  18. Transformative Inquiry While Learning-Teaching: Entry Points Through Mentor-Mentee Vulnerability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanaka, Michele T. D.; Farish, Maureen; Nicholson, Diana; Tse, Vanessa; Doll, Jenn; Archer, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    In Transformative Inquiry (TI), pre-service teachers explore issues about which they are personally passionate in order to enter into the delicate work of transformation. We examine how shared vulnerability within three mentor-mentee pairs leads to new pedagogical possibilities. Michele and Vanessa discuss poetry as a way of entering into TI and…

  19. Perspectives on Aging. Exercise and Wellness Programs for Aging Adults. A Conference Held at Brigham Young University (Provo, Utah, August 22, 1983).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1983

    Papers presented at a conference on recreation, exercise, and wellness for aging adults included: (1) "Leisure Activity in the 11th Hour or Physical Pursuits of Old Fossils" (Larry L. Neal); (2) "Exercise and Nutrition for the Senior Adult" (Michele Anderson and Jackie A. Smith); and (3) "Senior Wellness Advocacy Network--S.W.A.N.--An Experiment…

  20. State, Governmentality and Education--the Nordic Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kivinen, Osmo; Rinne, Risto

    1998-01-01

    Interrogates the prevailing concept of the state as a regulative idea. Introduces Michel Foucault's notion of "governmentality" and investigates how it has historically been linked to education and to the Scandinavian "Caring State." Explores changing tasks of education and the nature of social contracts that could correspond to the new social…

  1. Higher Education and the Panopticon Paradigm: Quality Assessment as "Disciplinary Technology."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shore, Cris; Roberts, Stephen

    This paper explores the function and effects of recent government reform of higher education in the United Kingdom particularly on quality assurance and quality assessment. The reforms have aimed to make institutions more akin to business and have used the language and techniques of "management." It is argued, in agreement with Michel Foucault,…

  2. Foucault and the Architecture of Surveillance: Creating Regimes of Power in Schools, Shrines, and Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piro, Joseph M.

    2008-01-01

    Michel Foucault's critical studies concerning regimes of power are of special interest when applied to architecture. In particular, he warned of the hazards of building surveillance into architectural structures for the purpose of monitoring people and took as his historical exemplar English philosopher Jeremy Bentham's "Panopticon," a structure…

  3. Open and Distance Learning and the Professionalisation of Trainers. TTnet Dossier No. 4. CEDEFOP Reference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brugia, Mara; Gerard, Francoise; Tetart, Michel; Battezzati, Luciano; Mallet, Jeanne; Pellerey, Michele; Walker, Simon

    This document contains five papers from a 1999 workshop in Rome on enhancing the professional skills and qualifications of trainers in open and distance learning organized by the TTnet network (Training of Trainers network). "The Different Types of Open and Distance Training and Their Impact on Trainers' Skills" (Michel Tetart) examines the…

  4. Everybody's into Environmental Ed, Right? A Foucauldian Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolenick, Paul

    2008-01-01

    Michel Foucault's concept of power/knowledge is applied to an exploration of how managerial discourse affects the practice of public environmental education at a publicly owned electric utility. Emerging from interviews with people at SaskPower is a managerial discourse with a particularly instrumental approach to environmental education. The aim…

  5. The Cream Does Not Always Rise: The Plight of Visual-Spatial Learners and the Power of Art Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sommer, Michele K.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, Michele K. Sommer recalls the struggles she experienced during elementary school with daydreams so real that she was lost in them. She reports using her artistic skills to complete school assignments to no avail, becoming keenly aware even as a child that the adults in her life regarded her daydreaming as a defect (she was a…

  6. New Technologies--New Bodies? A Discussion of TV Commercials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eleftheriotis, Dimitris

    Intended to relate contemporary attitudes toward the representation of the human body with some aspects of the ongoing debate on postmodernism, this paper begins by briefly discussing the work of Michel Foucault during the modern period (1790-1950). A review of the particular ways in which Foucault relates the body to ideas of power relations,…

  7. Rosaceae: Taxonomy, Economic Importance, Genomics

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This chapter presents an introduction for the book Genetics and Genomics of the Rosaceae. It reviews the origins of the Rose family, Rosaceae. Theories of the origin of this plant family are given. The first descriptions by Michel Adanson and Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in the 1700s, controversial t...

  8. Commentary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Monica

    2014-01-01

    The subject of multilingualism in institutions has long been a central interest in sociolinguistics, and it is worth asking why. The answer lies in the role of institutions in the modern nation state, a point made over and over again by Michel Foucault. Institutions control access to all the resources a state can distribute; it distributes them…

  9. The Confessing Academic and Living the Present Otherwise: Appraisal Interviews and Logbooks in Academia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fejes, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, drawing on the work of Michel Foucault, I argue that academics are enmeshed in power relations in which confession operates, both "on" and "through" academics. Drawing on Foucault's genealogy of confession, I illustrate how academics are not only invited to reflect on performance, faults, temptations and desires…

  10. "We Are One Big, Happy Family": Beyond Negotiation and Compulsory Happiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanobbergen, Bruno; Vandenbroeck, Michel; Roose, Rudi; Bouverne-De Bie, Maria

    2006-01-01

    Much recent scholarship on changing educational practices in Western families focuses on the idea that negotiation has become the dominant approach to family household management. In this essay, Bruno Vanobbergen, Michel Vandenbroeck, Rudi Roose, and Maria Bouverne-De Bie examine the idea of the negotiation model functioning as a directive. To…

  11. The Product of Text and "Other" Statements: Discourse Analysis and the Critical Use of Foucault

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Linda J.

    2011-01-01

    Much has been written on Michel Foucault's reluctance to clearly delineate a research method, particularly with respect to genealogy (Harwood, 2000; Meadmore, Hatcher & McWilliam, 2000; Tamboukou, 1999). Foucault (1994, p. 288) himself disliked prescription stating, "I take care not to dictate how things should be" and wrote provocatively to…

  12. The New York City Beacons: Rebuilding Communities of Support in Urban Neighborhoods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleinbard, Peter

    2005-01-01

    The first ten New York City Beacons began operation in 1991 as a result of the recommendation of a commission appointed by then-mayor David N. Dinkins. Richard Murphy, commissioner of youth services, led the development and implementation. Michele Cahill served as a consultant in the design and created the Youth Development Institute (YDI) as part…

  13. Social Skills Training for Depression and Comparative Efficacy Research: A 30-Year Retrospective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thase, Michael E.

    2012-01-01

    By the late 1970s it was clear that cognitive and behavioral therapies were promising alternatives to antidepressant medications for treatment of depressed outpatients. One such model of therapy, Social Skills Training, was developed by Michel Hersen and his colleagues specifically for treatment of depressed women. Professor Hersen and his…

  14. "The Ignorant Schoolmaster": Jacotot/Rancière on Equality, Emancipation and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukhopadhyay, Rahul; Narayanan, Varadarajan

    2014-01-01

    Jacques Rancière (born 1940), much like his contemporary Michel Foucault, has an academic oeuvre that defies neat classification within established disciplinary boundaries. This is due to the cross-disciplinary nature of his work, with a strong orientation towards history and philosophy. Although he trained as a philosopher (studying with Louis…

  15. Getting Schooled on Resistance: Dominant and Counter Narratives of Writing and the Circulation of Power in Urban School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urbanski, Cynthia Diane

    2012-01-01

    Michel Foucault argues that power is everywhere, all of the time. He describes it as concrete, "capillary," acting in, on and through the actual body. All "knowledge" and "truth" is an effect of that power which is why power and knowledge are integrally related. Power/knowledge produces social positioning. In this…

  16. A Call for Sobriety: Sixteenth-Century Educationalists and Humanist Conviviality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verbeke, Demmy

    2013-01-01

    Michel Jeanneret's "A Feast of Words. Banquets and Table Talk in the Renaissance" (1987; English translation published in 1991) highlighted the celebration by Renaissance humanists of food and drink as catalysts of intellectual exchange. The author convincingly argued that Renaissance banquets served as a paradigm for the humanist body of ideas,…

  17. On Science, Ecology and Environmentalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tulloch, Lynley

    2013-01-01

    Using ecological science as a backdrop for this discussion, the author applies Michel Foucault's historical genealogical strategy to an analysis of the processes through which sustainable development (SD) gained hegemonic acceptance in the West. She analyses some of the ideological mutations that have seen SD emerge from an environmentalist…

  18. A Doubled Heterotopia: Shifting Spatial and Visual Symbolism in the Jewish Museum Berlin's Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saindon, Brent Allen

    2012-01-01

    This essay considers the rhetoric of space in a rapidly transforming culture. Using Michel Foucault's concept of "heterotopias" to understand the rhetorical power of a building's disposition, it is argued that the Jewish Museum Berlin contains two heterotopias, one within the other. The first is Daniel Libeskind's original building design in…

  19. Policy Problematization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, P. Taylor

    2014-01-01

    This article places Michel Foucault's concept of "problematization" in relation to educational policy research. My goal is to examine a key assumption of policy related to "solving problems" through such technologies. I discuss the potential problematization has to alter conceptions of policy research; and, through this…

  20. Learning from Teaching in Literacy Education: New Perspectives on Professional Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodgers, Emily M., Ed.; Pinnell, Gay Su, Ed.

    This collection of papers describes what is known about the effective professional development of literacy educators. The 11 papers are: (1) "Professional Development Scenarios: What Is and Might Be" (Emily Rodgers and Gay Su Pinnell); (2) "A National Overview of Professional Development Programs in Reading" (Marie Tejero Hughes, Michele Mits…

  1. Reading, Language Arts and Literacy. [SITE 2002 Section].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthew, Kathy, Ed.

    This document contains the following papers on reading, language arts, and literacy from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2002 conference: "PT3 Facilitates Technology Use in Preservice Teacher Reading Courses" (Dana Arrowood and Michele Maldonado); "PT3 Technology Enhanced Lesson Plans for the Elementary School"…

  2. The history of the homology concept and the "Phylogenetisches Symposium".

    PubMed

    Hossfeld, Uwe; Olsson, Lennart

    2005-11-01

    The homology concept has had a long and varied history, starting out as a geometrical term in ancient Greece. Here we describe briefly how a typological use of homology to designate organs and body parts in the same position anatomically in different organisms was changed by Darwin's theory of evolution into a phylogenetic concept. We try to indicate the diversity of opinions on how to define and test for homology that has prevailed historically, before the important books by Hennig (1950. Grundzüge einer Theorie der Phylogenetischen Systematik. Deutscher Zentralverlag, Berlin) and Remane (1952. Die Grundlagen des Natürlichen Systems, der Vergleichenden Anatomie und der Phylogenetik. Geest & Portig, Leipzig) brought more rigor into both the debate on homology and into the usage of the term homology among systematists. Homology as a theme has recurred repeatedly throughout the history of the "Phylogenetisches Symposium" and we give a very brief overview of the different aspects of homology that have been discussed at specific symposia over the last 48 years. We also honour the fact that the 2004 symposium was held in Jena by pointing to the roles played by biologists active in Jena, such as Ernst Haeckel and Carl Gegenbaur, in starting the development towards a homology concept concordant with an evolutionary world view. As historians of biology, we emphasize the importance of major treatises on homology and its history that may be little read by systematists active today, and have sometimes also received less attention by historians of biology than they deserve. Prominent among these are the works of Dietrich Starck, who also happened to be both a student, and later a benefactor, of systematics at Jena University. PMID:17046358

  3. Area-wide seafloor mapping in the SE North Sea using hydroacoustics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mielck, Finn; Hass, H. Christian

    2013-04-01

    Mapping seafloor properties has become increasingly important for understanding marine ecosystems and providing basic data for sustainable management. However, the knowledge regarding the distribution of seabed environments in the German part of the North Sea is still fragmentary. It is mainly derived from single case studies and from a 1:250,000 scale map based on grab samples published in 1981. In recent years, hydroacoustic devices became a powerful tool to quickly obtain reliable information of the seafloor. In the years 2007-2012 various hydroacoustic surveys were performed in order to map the seafloor in the coastal zone of the NE German Bight comprising an area of approximately 1,500 km². Measurements were carried out with a sidescan sonar (Imagenex YellowFin, 330 kHz) at a resolution of 25 cm. For ground truthing several hundred sediment samples were taken. The seafloor in the investigation area is mainly characterized by fine and medium sand. West off Sylt relics of former Pleistocene moraines stretch perpendicular to the coast in westerly directions. These relics consist of wide bands of coarse to medium sand and are basically linked to the morphological structures such as ridges and channels. The truncated push moraines from the Saalian glacial represent the seaward extension of the recent moraine core ('Geest') of Sylt. In addition a great number of smaller scaled structures, generally known as sorted bedforms were detected. Sidescan sonography of the same area carried out in two consecutive years reveals that these bedforms are dynamic and therefore subject to flow-directed movement across the seafloor. They are linked with large-scale sediment transport that occurs in this highly dynamic area as a result of vigorous tidal currents. Ongoing investigations aim at relating the occurrence of different bedforms to current speed and net sediment transport direction to calculate sediment budget. These govern erosion and accumulation processes that are

  4. n-Nucleotide circular codes in graph theory.

    PubMed

    Fimmel, Elena; Michel, Christian J; Strüngmann, Lutz

    2016-03-13

    The circular code theory proposes that genes are constituted of two trinucleotide codes: the classical genetic code with 61 trinucleotides for coding the 20 amino acids (except the three stop codons {TAA,TAG,TGA}) and a circular code based on 20 trinucleotides for retrieving, maintaining and synchronizing the reading frame. It relies on two main results: the identification of a maximal C(3) self-complementary trinucleotide circular code X in genes of bacteria, eukaryotes, plasmids and viruses (Michel 2015 J. Theor. Biol. 380, 156-177. (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2015.04.009); Arquès & Michel 1996 J. Theor. Biol. 182, 45-58. (doi:10.1006/jtbi.1996.0142)) and the finding of X circular code motifs in tRNAs and rRNAs, in particular in the ribosome decoding centre (Michel 2012 Comput. Biol. Chem. 37, 24-37. (doi:10.1016/j.compbiolchem.2011.10.002); El Soufi & Michel 2014 Comput. Biol. Chem. 52, 9-17. (doi:10.1016/j.compbiolchem.2014.08.001)). The univerally conserved nucleotides A1492 and A1493 and the conserved nucleotide G530 are included in X circular code motifs. Recently, dinucleotide circular codes were also investigated (Michel & Pirillo 2013 ISRN Biomath. 2013, 538631. (doi:10.1155/2013/538631); Fimmel et al. 2015 J. Theor. Biol. 386, 159-165. (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2015.08.034)). As the genetic motifs of different lengths are ubiquitous in genes and genomes, we introduce a new approach based on graph theory to study in full generality n-nucleotide circular codes X, i.e. of length 2 (dinucleotide), 3 (trinucleotide), 4 (tetranucleotide), etc. Indeed, we prove that an n-nucleotide code X is circular if and only if the corresponding graph [Formula: see text] is acyclic. Moreover, the maximal length of a path in [Formula: see text] corresponds to the window of nucleotides in a sequence for detecting the correct reading frame. Finally, the graph theory of tournaments is applied to the study of dinucleotide circular codes. It has full equivalence between the combinatorics

  5. On Sharp-Crested Gravity Waves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lukomsky, Vasyl; Gandzha, Ivan; Tsekhmister, Yaroslav; Chalyi, Alexander

    2004-11-01

    In the framework of the canonical model of hydrodynamics, where fluid is assumed to be ideal and incompressible, waves are potential, two-dimensional, steady, and symmetric, we provide numerical evidence for the likely existence of sharp-crested gravity waves different from the well-known limiting Stokes wave with a 120^rc corner at the crest. To this end, the physical plane methods of ordinary and fractional Fourier approximations and the inverse plane Michell method were used. They all reveal new approximate irregular solutions that seem to represent a family of sharp-crested gravity waves with lesser amplitude (the through-to-crest height) than that of the limiting Stokes wave. Furthermore, Michell's method demonstrates the existence of a new family of sharp-crested subharmonic waves. We also provide a numerical justification for the conjecture of Grant that the 120^rc singularity of the limiting wave is formed from several coalescing 90^rc singularities.

  6. Topology design for composite components of minimum weight

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Makiyama, A. M.; Platts, M. J.

    1996-01-01

    This work presents a new philosophy for optimisation of composite structures in relation to lightweight design. It is based on Michell optimum lay-out theory, which uses orthogonal mesh structures disposed in the direction of principal stress trajectories, associated with an absolutely uniform distribution of stress in the fibres. The fibres in the composite component micro structure are disposed orthogonally like the minimum weight Michell structures, with voids filled with resin. This is the same mechanical principle which governs the optimisation of natural composites such as bones, horn, trees etc. Based on this natural rule, a procedure to find the optimum topology for the design of optimum composite mechanical components has been developed. A CAD-CAE software system based on finite element analysis using ABAQUS produces interactively on a screen the structure of optimum topology where the optimum fibre arrangement will be made.

  7. A history of erotic philosophy.

    PubMed

    Soble, Alan

    2009-01-01

    This essay historically explores philosophical views about the nature and significance of human sexuality, starting with the Ancient Greeks and ending with late 20th-century Western philosophy. Important figures from the history of philosophy (and theology) discussed include Sappho, Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, St. Jerome, the Pelagians, St. Thomas Aquinas, Michel de Montaigne, Rene Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Arthur Schopenhauer, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Sigmund Freud, Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Wilhelm Reich, and Herbert Marcuse. Contemporary philosophers whose recent work is discussed include Michel Foucault, Thomas Nagel, Roger Scruton, Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II), Catharine MacKinnon, Richard Posner, and John Finnis. To show the unity of the humanities, the writings of various literary figures are incorporated into this history, including Mark Twain, Arthur Miller, James Thurber, E. B. White, Iris Murdoch, and Philip Roth. PMID:19308838

  8. Considerations of stimulated sideward scattering in NIF ignition-scale hohlraums

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kruer, William

    2009-11-01

    It's prudent to consider the possibility of stimulated Raman and Brillouin sideward scattering in NIF ignition-scale hohlraums. NIF beam spots are quite large (with diameter >1mm), and the gradient threshold intensities for these instabilities are rather low. Some simple calculations are given for the convective gain of sideward scattering assuming heavily-damped electrostatic waves. A possible enhancement of sideward scattering in the azimuthal direction is examined. Various ways to detect sideward scattering and its effects are discussed. For seeded angular scattering in the region where the laser beams overlap, see recent calculations by P. Michel et. al.footnotetextP. Michel et. al., 39^th Anomalous Absorption Conference, Bodega Bay, CA (June 14-19, 2009)

  9. [The apothecaries of the rue de l'Arbre-Sec in Paris in the 17th century].

    PubMed

    Warolin, Christian

    2014-06-01

    The mud tax imposed by the king in 1637 to pay for street-cleaning is a useful tool for identifying the people who were liable for the tax, their profession, and whether they were owners or tenants. The survey of the Rue de l'Arbre-Sec, a very old street in Paris close to the Louvre, reveals that seven apothecaries lived there in 1637. Two of them were particularly important: Hiérosme Lambert, who had an apothecary'shop near the church of Saint-Germain-l'Auxerrois, and Michel Dansse, apothecary to Queen Anne of Austria. The two families established links through the marriage of Marie Lambert, the daughter of Hiérosme Lambert and Marie Gauche, to Michel Dansse. One of their sons, Jean Dansse, was also apothecary to Anne of Austria and then to Queen Marie-Thérèse. PMID:25090837

  10. Examples of seismic modelling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pamyatnykh, A. A.

    2008-12-01

    Findings of a few recent asteroseismic studies of the main sequence pulsating stars, as per- formed in Wojciech Dziembowski’s group in Warsaw and in Michel Breger’s group in Vienna, are briefly presented and discussed. The selected objects are three hybrid pulsators ν Eridani, 12 Lacertae and γ Pegasi, which show both β Cephei and SPB type modes, and the δ Scuti type star 44 Tauri.

  11. Commission 16: Physical Study of Planets and Satellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Consolmagno, Guy J.; Courtin, Regis; Cruikshank, Dale P.; Blanco, Carlo; Cruikshank, Dale P.; Ksanfomality, Leonid V.; McGrath, Melissa A.; Morrison, David; Morrison, David; Noll, Keith S.; Owen, Tobias C.; Roos-Serote, Maarten C.; Spencer, John R.; Tejfel, Victor G.

    2007-12-01

    Commission 16 held its business meeting during the General Assembly in Prague, on Wednesday August 23, 2006, with nine members present. The meeting was called to order at 14:00 hr by president Guy Consolmagno. A moment of silence was observed in memory of those Commission (or Division) members deceased since the last General Assembly. They are Joseph W. Chamberlain, Michel Festou, Thomas Gold, Cornell H. Mayer, Vasilij I. Moroz, William M. Sinton, Willem Wamsteker, James A. Westphal, and Fred L. Whipple.

  12. On the reduction of elastic constants for multiphase composites

    SciTech Connect

    Markenscoff, X.; Jasiuk, I.

    1995-12-31

    The reduction in the number of elastic parameters in a multiphase multiply connected composite with body forces is examined on the basis of the invariance of stress under a change in elastic compliances. The conditions obtained are the generalization of the Michell conditions for domains containing inclusions of a different material. Several cases and examples are presented. The conditions allowing for linear (in space) transformation of the elastic compliances are also examined.

  13. A Guided Tour of Saada

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michel, L.; Motch, C.; Nguyen Ngoc, H.; Pineau, F. X.

    2009-09-01

    Saada (http://amwdb.u-strasbg.fr/saada) is a tool for helping astronomers build local archives without writing any code (Michel et al. 2004). Databases created by Saada can host collections of heterogeneous data files. These data collections can also be published in the VO. An overview of the main Saada features is presented in this demo: creation of a basic database, creation of relationships, data searches using SaadaQL, metadata tagging, and use of VO services.

  14. AGU membership applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Applications for membership have been received from the following individuals. The letter after the name denotes the proposed primary section affiliation.Raffi Aroian (P), David Baker (P), D. Craig Barilotti (O), Stephen J. Barnes (V), Thomas O. Barnwell (H), Robert P. Bessette (G), Brian Bicknell (H), William Blumberg (A), Michele A. Boccadoro (G), Richard Boylan (T), Robert C. Bucknam (T), Roman J. Budzianowski (H), Bruce M. Crowe (V), Charles G. Cunningham (V).

  15. [Alcoholism and the aesthetics of existence: Jack London and the white logic of John Barleycorn].

    PubMed

    Arantes, Marco Antonio

    2015-12-01

    Employing this theme as a guideline, this article examines how his prose amounts to self-practice in the construction of subjectivity and the organization of existence. It investigates how this work is related to the theme of self-care, analyzed by Michel Foucault in volumes 2 and 3 of the History of sexuality, as regards the aesthetics of existence and the art of living which existed in the Greco-Roman and Hellenistic worlds. PMID:25517180

  16. STS-93 Crew Training

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Live footage of the STS-93 crewmembers shows Commander Eileen M. Collins, Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby, Mission Specialists Steven A. Hawley, Catherine G. Coleman, and Michel Tognini going through various training activities. These activities include Bail Out Training NBL, Emergency Egress Training, Earth Observations Classroom Training, Simulator Training, T-38 Departure from Ellington Field, Chandra Deploy Training, SAREX Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment, CCT Bail Out Crew Compartment Training, and Southwest Research Ultraviolet Imaging System (SWUIS) Training.

  17. Erratum

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Herpes zoster epidemiology, management, and disease and economic burden in Europe: a multidisciplinary perspective By Robert W. Johnston, Marie-José Alvarez-Pasquin, Marc Bijl, Elisabetta Franco, Jacques Gaillat, João G. Clara, Marc Labetoulle, Jean-Pierre Michel, Luigi Naldi, Luis S. Sanmarti and Thomas Weinke. Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines 2015, Vol. 3(4) 109–120. PMID:27551430

  18. Success of Breast Cancer Startup Challenge Inspires Second Challenge | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Thomas Stackhouse, Joseph Conrad, and Michele Newton, Contributing Writers, and Rosemarie Truman, Guest Writer Sixty-one teams have been accepted into, and are now competing in, the Neuro Startup Challenge, a new collaboration established by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) with The Center for Advancing Innovation (CAI) and Heritage Provider Network, Inc.

  19. Midnight reckonings: on a question of knowledge and nursing.

    PubMed

    Ceci, Christine

    2003-04-01

    The paper contrasts understandings of knowledge grounded in Enlightenment norms with the departures from those norms taken by some strands of feminism and hermeneutics, as well as the contributions made by the writing of Michel Foucault. A reading of Foucault's writings on knowledge, power and the discursive constitution of self and world is offered as a potentially useful frame within which to raise questions about nursing, nurses and knowledge. PMID:14498969

  20. STS-93: Chandra Flight Crew During Breakfast, Suiting and Departing the O&C Building

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Live footage shows the crewmembers, Commander Eileen M. Collins, Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby, and Mission Specialists Steven A. Hawley, Catherine G. Coleman and Michel Tognini, sitting around the traditional breakfast table with the traditional cake, talking and having their photographs taken. Footage also includes the crew suiting up and walking out to the Astro-Van from the Operations and Checkout (O&C) Building.

  1. A syllogistic system generated by the Aristotelian approach and the modern approach as an hyperincursive system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grappone, Arturo G.; Malatesta, Michele

    2001-06-01

    This paper proves that the syllogism set is transformed in an hyperincursive system which is composed of a sole hyperincursive set by using the Aristotelian rules to deduce syllogisms among them and a deduction new rule which is proposed in this paper. An important consequence of this result is that every syllogism deduces all the possible syllogisms. Part One was written by Michele Malatesta and Part Two by Arturo Graziano Grappone.

  2. Evaluation of hepatic arterial anatomy by multidetector computed tomographic angiography in living donor liver transplantation.

    PubMed

    Keles, Papatya; Yuce, Ihsan; Keles, Sait; Kantarci, Mecit

    2016-06-01

    The aim of this study was to define the different courses and percentages of hepatic artery that were detected during preoperative evaluation of living liver donors by multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA). We evaluated 150 donors before hepatic transplantation. All of the donors were evaluated by multislice CT scan with 256 detectors. For each patient, arterial, portal and venous phase images were obtained. The hepatic arterial variations were evaluated by the same radiologist according to Michels' classification. Common hepatic arterial anatomy (type I) was observed in 95 donors (63.3%). Other arterial variations were determined in the remaining 55 donors (36.6%). The second common variation was type XI which did not match with the description of Michels' classification variation in 15 donors (10%). The remaining variations described in Michels' classification were seen at lower rates. Type VII or X variation was not seen. MDCTA is a useful method to identify the blood supply of the liver before the liver transplantations, and surgeons can make their plan on the basis of CT data. PMID:26910605

  3. [The beginning of the teaching of chemistry in Lorraine: the Royal College of Medicine and the Faculty of Medicine of Nancy (1752 and 1776)].

    PubMed

    Labrude, Pierre

    2005-01-01

    The faculty of medicine of the university created in Pont-à-Mousson in the second part of the XVIth century, transferred to Nancy in 1768, was not in possession of a chair of chemistry, but, in the middle of the XVIIIth century, it was interested by the development of this science. In Nancy, the Royal College of medicine, created by King Stanislas in 1752, disposed of a professor of chemistry since 1756, and also of a demonstrator who was one of the apothecaries of the town. In Metz, a course of this science occurred between 1756 and 1769 with the apothecary Thyrion. In 1776, the physician Henry Michel du Tennetar and the apothecary Pierre-François Nicolas opened a private course of chemistry, immediately transformed into a chair of the faculty of medicine. This chair will be maintained until Révolution. The personality and work of Michel du Tennetar and Nicolas, the circumstances and conditions of the creation of the chair, the inheritance of Michel, and the appointment of the demonstrator, also an apothecary, are successively described. PMID:16217893

  4. Mapping of natural and man-made groundwater mineralization by helicopter-borne electromagnetics (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steuer, A.; Siemon, B.; Meyer, U.

    2010-12-01

    Helicopter-borne electromagnetics (HEM) is an important tool for hydrogeological questions. HEM investigations enable the differentiation of sandy and clayey sediments as well as saltwater and freshwater saturated sediments down to about 150 meters depth. The frequency-domain HEM system operated at the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) is the RESOLVE system manufactured by Fugro Airborne Surveys. In 2008 and 2009, BGR conducted airborne geophysical measurements for saltwater-freshwater investigation at several survey areas at the German North Sea coast. The surveys were carried out in cooperation with the Leibniz Institute for Applied Geosciences (LIAG) in frame of the project D-AERO. One of these survey areas covers the estuary of the Elbe river to the north-west of the city of Hamburg. Parts of the results of this survey are involved in the project KLIMZUG-NORD, where the Technical University Hamburg-Harburg investigates the environmental effects of the climate change on the estuary of the Elbe river. The HEM measurements reveal both the course of the Geest ridge (high-lying hinterland consisting of pleistocenic moraine sediments) and the swamp belt due to their elevated resistivities, whereas the Marsch land (plain holocenic wet land, alluvium) occurred more conductive. Here, an electrical conductivity anomaly was detected witch could neither be related with seawater intrusion nor with anthropogenic sources. The significant low-resistivity zone of about three square kilometers was identified as a saltwater-rising zone by water analyses of surface water and is an example for natural groundwater mineralization. A man-made groundwater mineralization was investigated by HEM in the Werra river valley in central Germany. About 1000 million cubic meters saline waste water from potash mining have been stored in a karstic limestone and dolomite bed to reduce the amount of saline water emissions directly into the river. BGR conducted surveys in

  5. Minimum relative entropy, Bayes and Kapur

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woodbury, Allan D.

    2011-04-01

    The focus of this paper is to illustrate important philosophies on inversion and the similarly and differences between Bayesian and minimum relative entropy (MRE) methods. The development of each approach is illustrated through the general-discrete linear inverse. MRE differs from both Bayes and classical statistical methods in that knowledge of moments are used as ‘data’ rather than sample values. MRE like Bayes, presumes knowledge of a prior probability distribution and produces the posterior pdf itself. MRE attempts to produce this pdf based on the information provided by new moments. It will use moments of the prior distribution only if new data on these moments is not available. It is important to note that MRE makes a strong statement that the imposed constraints are exact and complete. In this way, MRE is maximally uncommitted with respect to unknown information. In general, since input data are known only to within a certain accuracy, it is important that any inversion method should allow for errors in the measured data. The MRE approach can accommodate such uncertainty and in new work described here, previous results are modified to include a Gaussian prior. A variety of MRE solutions are reproduced under a number of assumed moments and these include second-order central moments. Various solutions of Jacobs & van der Geest were repeated and clarified. Menke's weighted minimum length solution was shown to have a basis in information theory, and the classic least-squares estimate is shown as a solution to MRE under the conditions of more data than unknowns and where we utilize the observed data and their associated noise. An example inverse problem involving a gravity survey over a layered and faulted zone is shown. In all cases the inverse results match quite closely the actual density profile, at least in the upper portions of the profile. The similar results to Bayes presented in are a reflection of the fact that the MRE posterior pdf, and its mean

  6. Keeping up appearances: perceptions of street food safety in urban Kumasi, Ghana.

    PubMed

    Rheinländer, Thilde; Olsen, Mette; Bakang, John Abubakar; Takyi, Harriet; Konradsen, Flemming; Samuelsen, Helle

    2008-11-01

    concepts such as 'purity', 'contamination', 'hygiene puzzles', and 'impression behaviors' from Douglas, Van Der Geest, and Goffman. The findings indicate that educating vendors in safe food handling is evidently insufficient. Future public health interventions within the street food sector should give emphasis to the importance of appearance and neatness when designing communication strategies. Neglected aspects of food safety, such as good hand hygiene and cleanliness of kitchen facilities, should be emphasized. Local vendor networks can be an effective point of entry for future food hygiene promotion initiatives. PMID:18821020

  7. On the concept of material strength and first simulations of asteroid disruption with explicit formation of spinning aggregates in the gravity regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michel, P.; Richardson, D. C.

    2007-08-01

    During their evolutions, the small bodies of our Solar System are affected by several mechanisms which can modify their properties. While dynamical mechanisms are at the origin of their orbital variations, there are other mechanisms which can change their shape, spin, and even their size when their strength threshold is reached, resulting in their disruption. Such mechanisms have been identified and studied, both by analytical and numerical tools. The main mechanisms that can result in the disruption of a small body are collisional events, tidal perturbations, and spin-ups. However, the efficiency of these mechanisms depends on the strength of the material constituing the small body, which also plays a role in its possible equilibrium shape. We will present several important aspects of material strength that are believed to be adapted to Solar System small bodies and briefly review the most recent studies of the different mechanisms that can be at the origin of the disruption of these bodies. In particular, we have recently made a major improvement in the simulations of asteroid disruption by computing explicitly the formation of aggregates during the gravitational reaccumulation of small fragments, allowing us to obtain information on their spin, the number of boulders composing them or lying on their surface, and their shape.We will present the first and preliminary results of this process taking as examples some asteroid families that we reproduced successfully with our previous simulations (Michel et al. 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004a,b), and their possible implications on the properties of asteroids generated by a disruption. Such information can for instance be compared with data provided by the Japanese space mission Hayabusa of the asteroid Itokawa, a body now understood to be a fragment of a larger parent body. It is also clear that future space missions to small bodies devoted to precise in-situ analysis and sample return will allow us to improve our

  8. Discussion of the `axioms' and the asymptotic properties of a local field theory with composite particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haag, Rudolf

    2010-11-01

    Talk given at the international conference on mathematical problems of the quantum theory of fields, Lille, June 1957 [Editor’s note a; Deheuvels 1959]. The French original is published in Deheuvels, R. and M. Michel (eds). 1959. Les problèmes mathématiques de la théorie quantique des champs. Colloque internationaux du CNRS, Paris. Volume 75 and can be found as electronic supplementary material at www.epj.org.

  9. Committees and supporting organizations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-09-01

    Advisory Committee:Organizing Committee: Marcello Baldo (Catania)Takaharu Otsuka (Tokyo), co-chair George Bertsch (Seattle)Michael Urban (Orsay), co-chair Jean-Paul Blaizot (Saclay)Taiichi Yamada (Yokohama) Michel Girod (Bruyères-le-Châtel)Nguyen van Giai (Orsay) Hisashi Horiuchi (Osaka)Shinichiro Fujii (Tokyo) Umberto Lombardo (Catania)Jérôme Margueron (Orsay) Gerd Röpke (Rostock)Kouichi Hagino (Sendai) Hiroyuki Sagawa (Aizu)Yoshiko Kanada-En'yo (Kyoto) Piet Van Isacker (Caen) Enrico Vigezzi (Milano) IPN logo    EFES logo    CNRS logo    ihp logo

  10. Tau physics results from SLD

    SciTech Connect

    Daoudi, M.; SLD Collaboration

    1996-08-10

    Results on {tau} physics at SLD are presented. They are based on 4,316 {tau}-pair events selected from a 150 k Z{sup 0} data sample collected at the SLC. These results include measurements of the {tau} lifetime ({tau}{sub r} = 288.1 {+-} 6.1 {+-} 3.3 fs), the {tau} Michel parameters ({rho} = 0.71 {+-} 0.09 {+-} 0.04, {zeta} = 1.03 {+-} 0.36 {+-} 0.05, and {zeta}{delta} = 0.84 {+-} 0.27 {+-} 0.05), and the {tau} neutrino helicity (h{sub {nu}} = {minus}0.81 {+-} 0.18 {+-} 0.03).

  11. Op. No A4495 Columbia, STS-93 Chandra - Breakfast, Suiting, and Walkout

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of the STS-93 mission was to deploy the Advanced X-ray Astrophysical Facility, which had been renamed the Chandra X-ray Observatory in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The mission was launched at 12:31 on July 23, 1999 onboard the space shuttle Columbia. The mission was led by Commander Eileen Collins. The crew was Pilot Jeff Ashby and Mission Specialists Cady Coleman, Steve Hawley and Michel Tognini from the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). This videotape shows the astronauts after breakfast getting into spacesuits, walking out to board the bus, and boarding the bus prior to launch.

  12. STS-93 Columbia, Fit Check and Pre Pak in the O&C for Chandra

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of the STS-93 mission was to deploy the Advanced X-ray Astrophysical Facility, which had been renamed the Chandra X-ray Observatory in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The mission was launched at 12:31 on July 23, 1999 onboard the space shuttle Columbia. The mission was led by Commander Eileen Collins. The crew was Pilot Jeff Ashby and Mission Specialists Cady Coleman, Steve Hawley and Michel Tognini from the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). This videotape shows the astronauts getting into spacesuits, and inspecting the equipment.

  13. STS-93: Crew Arrival and PR Location

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of the STS-93 mission was to deploy the Advanced X-ray Astrophysical Facility, which had been renamed the Chandra X-ray Observatory in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The mission was launched at 12:31 on July 23, 1999 onboard the space shuttle Columbia. The mission was led by Commander Eileen Collins. The crew was Pilot Jeff Ashby and Mission Specialists Cady Coleman, Steve Hawley and Michel Tognini from the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). This videotape shows the astronauts arriving at Kennedy and an inspection in the clean room.

  14. Characterization of wastes in and around early reactors at the Hanford Site: The use of historical research

    SciTech Connect

    Gerber, M.S.

    1993-10-01

    This paper will present the waste characterization knowledge that has been gained in the first, ``Large-Scale Remediation Study`` to be performed on the reactor areas (100 Areas) of the Hanford Site. Undertaken throughout the past year, this research project has identified thousands of pieces of buried hardware, as well as the volumes of liquid wastes in burial sites in the reactor areas. The author of this landmark study, Dr. Michele Gerber, will discuss historical research as a safe and cost-effective characterization tool.

  15. [Three views from overseas: the museum as a setting for educational outreach in the sciences].

    PubMed

    Van Praet, Michel; Davallion, Jean; Jacobi, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    During their first visit to Brazil, in 2001, Michel Van Praet, Jean Davallon, and Daniel Jacobi - French researchers in the field of museology - discussed the complex nature of the museum experience. Professor Van Praet underscores the unique character of natural history museums and offers an evaluation of his work as head of the restoration project at Paris's Grande Gallery of Evolution, inaugurated in 1994. Professor Davallon discusses the contribution of semiotics and reception theory in analyzing how an exhibit communicates and how meaning is constructed within it. Dr. Jacobi defines some characteristics of the dissemination of science at museums and points to problems encountered in achieving this end. PMID:16680877

  16. Constraining new interactions with leptonic {tau} decays

    SciTech Connect

    Pich, A.; Silva, J.P.

    1995-10-01

    The recent measurements of the Michel parameters in {tau} decays enable, for the first time, a thorough analysis of the leptonic sector. In general, in models beyond the standard model, these parameters will be altered through changes in the {ital W} and {ital Z} couplings, and/or through interactions mediated by new gauge bosons. We perform a complete, model-independent analysis of the constraints imposed by the present data on such boson-mediated interactions, and point out the existence of useful relations among the couplings.

  17. Supernova neutrino induced inclusive reactions on {sup 56}Fe in terrestrial detectors

    SciTech Connect

    Athar, M. Sajjad; Ahmad, Shakeb; Singh, S.K.

    2005-04-01

    The calculations for the neutrino absorption cross sections for supernova neutrinos in {sup 56}Fe have been done in the local density approximation (LDA) taking into account Pauli blocking and Fermi motion effects. The renormalization of weak transition strengths in the nuclear medium and the effect of Coulomb distortion of the final lepton are taken into account. The numerical results for the cross sections averaged over the Michel spectrum of neutrinos and various supernova neutrino spectra are presented and compared with other theoretical results.

  18. Variation of form and dimension for minimum weight design of continuous structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berkes, Uwe-Laszlo

    1987-01-01

    A method for minimum weight design of arbitrary loaded continuous structures is outlined. The optimization algorithm is controlled by a fast fully stressed design procedure and the structure stress-strain behavior is computed by the finite element code. Both are completed by pre and postprocessors. To reach the minimum weight design two tasks are carried out: dimension variation in general elementwise thickness adaption to the stress limits; and form variation by element reduction in the finite element set. For comparison of the convergence behavior and accuracy of this code, results are compared with Michell reference structures and their analytic solutions. The method shows fast convergence and reaches the theoretical optimum efficiently.

  19. How Black Holes Form in High Energy Collisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaloper, Nemanja; Terning, John

    We elucidate how black holes form in trans-Planckian collisions. In the rest frame of one of the incident particles, the gravitational field of the other, which is rapidly moving, looks like a gravitational shock wave. The shock wave focuses the target particle down to a much smaller impact parameter. In turn, the gravitational field of the target particle captures the projectile when the resultant impact parameter is smaller than its own Schwarzschild radius, forming a black hole. One can deduce this by referring to the original argument of escape velocities exceeding the speed of light, which Michell and Laplace used to discover the existence of black holes.

  20. General solution technique for transient thermoelasticity of transversely isotropic solids in Cartesian coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noda, N.; Ashida, F.; Okumura, I. A.

    1992-07-01

    In the present paper we propose a new general solution technique for transient thermoelastic problems of transversely isotropic solids in Cartesian coordinates. The solution technique consists of five fundamental solutions. By considering the relations among the material constants of transverse isotropy, the solution technique is classified into five groups. One among those corresponds to Goodier's thermoelastic potential function as well as the generalized Boussinesq solutions and the Michell function. For an application of the solution technique, an inverse problem of transient thermoelasticity in a transversely isotropic semi-infinite solid is analyzed.

  1. Thermal stresses due to a uniform heat flow past a circular hole with a radial edge crack

    SciTech Connect

    Edmonds, G.F.

    1987-01-01

    The problem solved here is that of finding the stresses in an isotropic, linear, thermoelastic solid when a uniform heat flow is disturbed by the presence of an insulated circular hole with a radial edge crack. By superimposing a Mellin-transform solution of the equations of thermoelasticity on a Michell series solution the author reduces the problem to a pair of singular integral equations which are then solved numerically. The stress-intensity factors and crack-formation energies, quantities of interest to workers in fracture mechanics, are then calculated.

  2. Finite-element method for a uniformly loaded cantilever beam with general cross section

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, S.C.

    1987-05-01

    The Michell (1901) theory for the analysis of beam-type structures is combined with that of Friedrich and Lin (1984) to obtain a finite element solution for a uniformly loaded cantilever beam with general cross section. A plane-strain problem established with internal body and boundary forces that were computed from the warping displacement is solved by means of the regular two-dimensional finite element program, on the same model used for warping displacement calculation. Numerical examples are given for cantilever beams with circular and thin-rectangular cross section. 6 references.

  3. On lateral buckling of end-loaded cantilevers, including the effect of warping stiffness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reissner, E.; Reissner, J. E.; Wan, F. Y. M.

    1987-06-01

    We investigate the numerical consequences of the presence of certain non-linear terms in the expressions for the components of transverse shearing strain which occur in the derivation of one-dimensional equations for small finite deflections of straight beams from three-dimensional finite elasticity through use of the principle of minimum potential energy. While particular emphasis is placed on the effect of warping stiffness, the paper also includes results of interest in connection with the classical Michell-Prandtl-analysis of lateral buckling of endloaded cantilevers. Comprehensive numerical results are obtained for the entire range of the relevant dimensionless parameters, using power series, asymptotic expansion and modern numerical methods procedures.

  4. How black holes form in high energy collisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaloper, Nemanja; Terning, John

    2007-10-01

    We elucidate how black holes form in trans-Planckian collisions. In the rest frame of one of the incident particles, the gravitational field of the other, which is rapidly moving, looks like a gravitational shock wave. The shock wave focuses the target particle down to a much smaller impact parameter. In turn, the gravitational field of the target particle captures the projectile when the resultant impact parameter is smaller than its own Schwarzschild radius, forming a black hole. One can deduce this by referring to the original argument of escape velocities exceeding the speed of light, which Michell and Laplace used to discover the existence of black holes.

  5. Today’s Polarized Solid Targets in Borghini’s Footsteps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meyer, Werner

    2016-02-01

    The development, in the early 1960’s, of the dynamic nuclear polarization process in solid diamagnetic materials, doped with paramagnetic radicals. led to the use of solid polarized targets in numerous nuclear and particle physics experiments. In 1965 Michel Borghini moved from Saclay to CERN, where under his leadership of the polarized target group (until 1978) decisive developments have been made. Target material research and the early frozen spin targets were certainly the basis for the successful story of present day polarized solid targets.

  6. Open University

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-04-25

    Michel Pentz est née en Afrique du Sud et venu au Cern en 1957 comme physicien et président de l'associaion du personnel. Il est également fondateur du mouvement Antiapartheid de Genève et a participé à la fondation de l'Open University en Grande-Bretagne. Il nous parle des contextes pédagogiques, culturels et nationaux dans lesquels la méthode peut s'appliquer.

  7. Next-Generation Entrepreneurs Ready to Advance Breast Cancer Research Innovations | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Michele Newton and Thomas Stackhouse, Contributing Writers, and Rosemarie Truman, Guest Writer Editor’s note: In May 2014, the Breast Cancer Start-Up Challenge was named one of six finalists in the HHS Innovates Award Competition. This award celebrates innovations developed by employees of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to support the mission of HHS. In the final phase of the competition, the public will be invited to help select “The People’s Choice” winner; public voting takes place May 29 through June 6, 2014.

  8. The surveillant assemblage.

    PubMed

    Haggerty, K D; Ericson, R V

    2000-12-01

    George Orwell's 'Big Brother' and Michel Foucault's 'panopticon' have dominated discussion of contemporary developments in surveillance. While such metaphors draw our attention to important attributes of surveillance, they also miss some recent dynamics in its operation. The work of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari is used to analyse the convergence of once discrete surveillance systems. The resultant 'surveillant assemblage' operates by abstracting human bodies from their territorial settings, and separating them into a series of discrete flows. These flows are then reassembled in different locations as discrete and virtual 'data doubles'. The surveillant assemblage transforms the purposes of surveillance and the hierarchies of surveillance, as well as the institution of privacy. PMID:11140886

  9. International trade and waste and fuel managment issue, 2006

    SciTech Connect

    Agnihotri, Newal

    2006-01-15

    The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: HLW management in France, by Michel Debes, EDF, France; Breakthroughs from future reactors, by Jacques Bouchard, CEA, France; 'MOX for peace' a reality, by Jean-Pierre Bariteau, AREVA Group, France; Swedish spent fuel and radwaste, by Per H. Grahn and Marie Skogsberg, SKB, Sweden; ENC2005 concluding remarks, by Larry Foulke, 'Nuclear Technology Matters'; Fuel crud formation and behavior, by Charles Turk, Entergy; and, Plant profile: major vote of confidence for NP, by Martti Katka, TVO, Finland.

  10. Liver blood supply after a modified Appleby procedure in classical and aberrant arterial anatomy

    PubMed Central

    Egorov, Vyacheslav I; Petrov, Roman V; Lozhkin, Michail V; Maynovskaya, Olga A; Starostina, Natalia S; Chernaya, Natalia R; Filippova, Ekaterina M

    2013-01-01

    Reported here are two cases of a modified Appleby operation for borderline resectable ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic body, in one of which a R0 distal resection was attended to by excision, not only of the celiac axis, but also of the common and left hepatic arteries in the presence of arterial anatomic variation Michels, type VIIIb. The possibility and avenues of the maintenance of the blood supply to the left hepatic lobe after surgical aggression of this kind are demonstrated employing computed tomography (CT) and 3-D CT angiography. Furthermore, both cases highlight all important worrisome aspects of pancreatic cancer resectability prediction. PMID:23556062

  11. WMO head highlights link between climate and land degradation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zielinski, Sarah

    sound understanding of the underlying factors of land degradation—particularly climate and the risk of natural hazards related to or induced by climate—is necessary for the sustainable development of countries affected by drought and desertification, according to Michel Jarraud, secretary-general of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). Jarraud spoke on 17 October at the seventh session of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in Nairobi, Kenya.Land degradation, including one of its most extreme forms, desertification, directly affects about 250 million people and threatens one billion in over 100, mostly developing, countries worldwide, according to Jarraud.

  12. Inline CBET Model Including SRS Backscatter

    SciTech Connect

    Bailey, David S.

    2015-06-26

    Cross-beam energy transfer (CBET) has been used as a tool on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) since the first energetics experiments in 2009 to control the energy deposition in ignition hohlraums and tune the implosion symmetry. As large amounts of power are transferred between laser beams at the entrance holes of NIF hohlraums, the presence of many overlapping beat waves can lead to stochastic ion heating in the regions where laser beams overlap [P. Michel et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 195004 (2012)]. Using the CBET gains derived in this paper, we show how to implement these equations in a ray-based laser source for a rad-hydro code.

  13. Question of Lorentz violation in muon decay

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noordmans, J. P.; Onderwater, C. J. G.; Wilschut, H. W.; Timmermans, R. G. E.

    2016-06-01

    Possibilities to test the Lorentz invariance of the weak interaction in muon decay are considered. We derive the direction-dependent muon-decay rate with a general Lorentz-violating addition to the W -boson propagator. We discuss measurements of the directional and boost dependence of the Michel parameters and of the muon lifetime as a function of absolute velocity. The total muon-decay rate in the Lorentz-violating standard model extension is addressed. Suggestions are made for dedicated (re)analyses of the pertinent data and for future experiments.

  14. Solid-state structures and properties of scandium hydride; hydrogen storage and switchable mirrors application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khodja, Khadidja; Bouhadda, Youcef; Seddik, Larbi; Benyelloul, Kamel

    2016-05-01

    First-principles calculation has been performed on the rare earth hydride ScH2 for hydrogen storage and switchable mirror applications, using the pseudo-potentials and plane waves based on the density-functional theory (DFT). The electronic and structural properties are studied within both local-density and generalized gradient approximations for exchange energy. The formation energy and the optical properties have been investigated and discussed. Our calculated results are generally in good agreement with theoretical and experimental data. Contribution to the topical issue "Materials for Energy Harvesting, Conversion and Storage (ICOME 2015) - Elected submissions", edited by Jean-Michel Nunzi, Rachid Bennacer and Mohammed El Ganaoui

  15. Quantization of lumped elements electrical circuits revisited

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lalumiere, Kevin; Najafi­-Yazdi, Alireza

    In 1995, the ``Les Houches'' seminar of Michel Devoret introduced a method to quantize lumped elements electrical circuits. This method has since been formalized using the matricial formalism, in particular by G. Burkard. Starting from these seminal contributions, we present a new algorithm to quantify electrical circuits. This algorithm unites the features of Devoret's and Burkad's approaches. We minimize the set of assumptions made so that the method can treat directly most electrical circuits. This includes circuits with resistances, mutual inductances, voltage and current sources. We conclude with a discussion about the choice of the basis in which the Hamiltonian operator should be written, an issue which is often overlooked.

  16. Approximations for crossing two nearby spin resonances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ranjbar, V. H.

    2015-01-01

    Solutions to the Thomas-Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi spin equation for spin 1 /2 particles have to date been confined to the single-resonance crossing. However, in reality, most cases of interest concern the overlapping of several resonances. While there have been several serious studies of this problem, a good analytical solution or even an approximation has eluded the community. We show that this system can be transformed into a Hill-like equation. In this representation, we show that, while the single-resonance crossing represents the solution to the parabolic cylinder equation, the overlapping case becomes a parametric type of resonance.

  17. The recovery model: discourse ethics and the retrieval of the self.

    PubMed

    Fardella, Joseph A

    2008-06-01

    The recovery model, as applied in mental health, is significant because it intends to foster a critical retrieval by the subject of herself as a self-determining agent of change. This paper will show that the recovery model represents an approach to caring for the self that is congruent with critical themes inherent in some forms of contemporary philosophy, particularly that of Michel Foucault and Jurgen Habermas. The paper will also consider the contribution that Habermas' discourse ethics could make towards the non-coercive, dialogical resolution of differences between clients and professionals. PMID:18240008

  18. News and Views: A total solar eclipse over Rapa Nui; ESA's vision; International team wins first Ambartsumian Prize; Thinner thermosphere; ESA funds games; Team finds starspots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-10-01

    Francisco Diego recorded spectacular images of the 11 July 2010 total solar eclipse from Rapa Nui (Easter Island), making the most of modern digital technology - much of which originated from astronomical research - in taking and processing the images. The European Space Agency has set out its priorities for the decade starting in 2015, in a report entitled Cosmic Vision. The first Viktor Ambartsumian International Prize, in memory of the distinguished Armenian theorist, goes to the team led by Prof. Michel Mayor of the Observatory of Geneva, for ``their important contribution in the study of relation between planetary systems and their host stars''.

  19. [Clinical development of the automatic implantable defibrillator over 35 years: A success story].

    PubMed

    Steinbeck, G

    2015-06-01

    After 12 years of development and experimental evaluation, the first automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) was implanted in man on February 4, 1980. This overview describes the technical and functional developments over 35 years from a simple shock-box, weighing 292 g, to the sophisticated 80 g device of today, delivering graded therapy to sustained ventricular arrhythmias and biventricular stimulation to treat heart failure. Finally, a special tribute is given to Michel Mirowski, one of the inventors of the ICD, as scientist and physician dedicated to patient care. PMID:25990264

  20. Next-Generation Entrepreneurs Ready to Advance Breast Cancer Research Innovations | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Michele Newton and Thomas Stackhouse, Contributing Writers, and Rosemarie Truman, Guest Writer Editor’s note: In May 2014, the Breast Cancer Start-Up Challenge was named one of six finalists in the HHS Innovates Award Competition. This award celebrates innovations developed by employees of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to support the mission of HHS. In the final phase of the competition, the public will be invited to help select “The People’s Choice” winner; public voting takes place May 29 through June 6, 2014.        

  1. AGU membership applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Applications for membership have been received from the following individuals. The letter after the name denotes the proposed primary section affiliation.Henry D. I. Abarbanel (O), Julia C. Allen (H), Gwendolyn L. Anson (GP), Andrew Bakun (O), C. A. Bengtson (T), Patricia A. Berge (S), Peter R. Betzer (O), Pierre Boivin (V), Michael V. Capobianco (P), Martin C. Chapman (S), Chu-Yung Chen (V), Timothy J. Clarke (S), Steven C. Constable (GP), Michele Dermer (H), G. M. Dow (T), Carl E. Draper (G), Dean A. Dunn (O), I. B. Everingham (S).

  2. [A careful look to postmodern tribes: caring for adolescent health in the context of their everyday lives].

    PubMed

    da Nóbrega, Juliana Fernandes; Nitschke, Rosane Gonçalves; da Silva, Fernanda Pravato; Carraro, Cláudia Anita Gomes; Alves, Cristiane

    2013-09-01

    This is a theoretical reflection, based on Michel Maffesoli's Comprehensive Sociology, which is concerned with the health care of adolescents in contemporary everyday life, and particularly with the phenomenon of urban tribes. These are understood as groups of people who have emotional ties, building a bond of sociality towards a common goal. This study focuses on the importance to take into account the lifestyle of adolescents and aims to raise awareness among health professionals about such issues, seeking for strategies tuned with reality and care needs in order to promote health, devising ways to improve caring, rethinking health policies for adolescents in contemporary society. PMID:24344604

  3. Analysis of magnetic neutron-scattering data of two-phase ferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Honecker, Dirk; Dewhurst, Charles D.; Suzuki, Kiyonori; Erokhin, Sergey; Michels, Andreas

    2013-09-01

    We have analyzed magnetic-field-dependent small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) data of soft magnetic two-phase nanocomposite ferromagnets in terms of a recent micromagnetic theory for the magnetic SANS cross section [Honecker and Michels, Phys. Rev. BPRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.87.224426 87, 224426 (2013)]. The approach yields a value for the average exchange-stiffness constant and provides the Fourier coefficients of the magnetic anisotropy field and the magnetostatic field, which is related to jumps of the magnetization at internal interfaces.

  4. Amino acid specificity of fibers of the facial/trigeminal complex innervating the maxillary barbel in the Japanese sea catfish, Plotosus japonicus.

    PubMed

    Caprio, John; Shimohara, Mami; Marui, Takayuki; Kohbara, Jun; Harada, Shuitsu; Kiyohara, Sadao

    2015-12-01

    The Japanese sea catfish, Plotosus japonicus, possesses taste and solitary chemoreceptor cells (SCCs) located on the external body surface that detect specific water-soluble substances. Here, we identify two major fiber types of the facial/trigeminal complex that transmit amino acid information to the medulla. Both single and few fiber preparations respond to amino acid stimulation in the 0.1 μM to mM range. One fiber type responds best to glycine and l-alanine (i.e. Gly/Ala fibers) whereas the other fiber type is best stimulated by l-proline and glycine betaine (hereafter referred to only as betaine) (i.e. Pro/Bet fibers). We demonstrate that betaine, which does not alter the pH of the seawater and therefore does not activate the animals' highly sensitive pH sensors (Caprio et al., Science 344:1154-1156, 2014), is sufficient to elicit appetitive food search behavior. We further show that the amino acid specificity of fibers of the facial/trigeminal complex in P. japonicus is different from that in Ariopsis felis (Michel and Caprio, J. Neurophysiol. 66:247-260, 1991; Michel et al., J. Comp. Physiol. A. 172:129-138, 1993), a representative member of the only other family (Ariidae) of extant marine catfishes. PMID:26459116

  5. Runge-Kutta Discretizations of Infinite Horizon Optimal Control Problems with Steady-State Invariance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diele, F.; Marangi, C.; Ragni, S.

    2009-08-01

    Direct numerical approximation of a continuous-time infinite horizon control problem, requires to recast the model as a discrete-time, finite-horizon control model. The quality of the optimization results can be heavily degraded if the discretization process does not take into account features of the original model to be preserved. Restricting their attention to optimal growh problems with a steady state, Mercenier and Michel in [1] and [2], studied the conditions to be imposed for ensuring that discrete first-order approximation models have the same steady states as the infinite-horizon continuous-times counterpart. Here we show that Mercenier and Michel scheme is a first order partitioned Runge-Kutta method applied to the state-costate differential system which arises from the Pontryagin maximum principle. The main consequence is that it is possible to consider high order schemes which generalize that algorithm by preserving the steady-growth invariance of the solutions with respect to the discretization process. Numerical examples show the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed methods when applied to the classical Ramsey growth model.

  6. Bijective transformation circular codes and nucleotide exchanging RNA transcription.

    PubMed

    Michel, Christian J; Seligmann, Hervé

    2014-04-01

    The C(3) self-complementary circular code X identified in genes of prokaryotes and eukaryotes is a set of 20 trinucleotides enabling reading frame retrieval and maintenance, i.e. a framing code (Arquès and Michel, 1996; Michel, 2012, 2013). Some mitochondrial RNAs correspond to DNA sequences when RNA transcription systematically exchanges between nucleotides (Seligmann, 2013a,b). We study here the 23 bijective transformation codes ΠX of X which may code nucleotide exchanging RNA transcription as suggested by this mitochondrial observation. The 23 bijective transformation codes ΠX are C(3) trinucleotide circular codes, seven of them are also self-complementary. Furthermore, several correlations are observed between the Reading Frame Retrieval (RFR) probability of bijective transformation codes ΠX and the different biological properties of ΠX related to their numbers of RNAs in GenBank's EST database, their polymerization rate, their number of amino acids and the chirality of amino acids they code. Results suggest that the circular code X with the functions of reading frame retrieval and maintenance in regular RNA transcription, may also have, through its bijective transformation codes ΠX, the same functions in nucleotide exchanging RNA transcription. Associations with properties such as amino acid chirality suggest that the RFR of X and its bijective transformations molded the origins of the genetic code's machinery. PMID:24565870

  7. Macrofauna associated with temporary Sabellaria alveolata reefs on the west coast of Cotentin (France).

    PubMed

    Schlund, Erika; Basuyaux, Olivier; Lecornu, Billie; Pezy, Jean-Philippe; Baffreau, Alexandrine; Dauvin, Jean-Claude

    2016-01-01

    The polychaete Sabellaria alveolata (Linnaeus, 1767) is an important ecosystem engineer building reef structures which add to the topographic complexity in colonized areas. In Europe, the most extensive reef formation is located in the Bay of Mont-Saint-Michel (France). Since 2006, Sabellaria bio-constructions have developed on hard substrates along the west coast of the Cotentin Peninsula between Champeaux and Saint-Germain-sur-Ay on the northern part of the Bay of Mont-Saint-Michel. In this sector, two distinct types of bio-construction can be distinguished: platforms and reefs. The aim of this study is to analyse the patterns of the associated macrofauna on these platforms and reefs, as well as outside, and test for a correlation between the presence of Sabellaria bio-constructions and the richness of the benthic macrofauna. Univariate analyses are used to compare the macrofauna on four sites (Champeaux, Lingreville, Blainville-sur-Mer and Saint-Germain-sur-Ay). The results show a higher taxonomic richness on the platform-type than on the reef-type structures, and also a higher taxonomic richness outside the bio-construction areas. This suggests that, on the examined sites, the presence of S. alveolata bio-constructions does not contribute to higher levels of benthic macrofaunal richness on hard substrates. Temporary bio-constructions along this coast exhibit reefs of interest at some sites as well as in very small zones which merit special attention. PMID:27536543

  8. An extended genetic scale of reading frame coding.

    PubMed

    Michel, Christian J

    2015-01-21

    The reading frame coding (RFC) of codes (sets) of trinucleotides is a genetic concept which has been largely ignored during the last 50 years. An extended definition of the statistical parameter PrRFC (Michel, 2014) is proposed here for analysing the probability (efficiency) of reading frame coding of usage of any trinucleotide code. It is applied to the analysis of the RFC efficiency of usage of the C(3) self-complementary trinucleotide circular code X identified in prokaryotic and eukaryotic genes (Arquès and Michel, 1996). The usage of X is called usage XU. The highest RFC probabilities of usage XU are identified in bacterial plasmids and bacteria (about 49.0%). Then, by decreasing values, the RFC probabilities of usage XU are observed in archaea (47.5%), viruses (45.4%) and nuclear eukaryotes (42.8%). The lowest RFC probabilities of usage XU are found in mitochondria and chloroplasts (about 36.5%). Thus, genes contain information for reading frame coding. Such a genetic property which to our knowledge has never been identified, may bring new insights in the origin and evolution of the genetic code. PMID:25311909

  9. Solar cycle dependence of the helium focusing cone from SOHO/UVCS observations. Electron impact rates and associated pickup ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lallement, R.; Raymond, J. C.; Bertaux, J.-L.; Quémerais, E.; Ko, Y.-K.; Uzzo, M.; McMullin, D.; Rucinski, D.

    2004-11-01

    The Ultraviolet Coronograph on board SOHO (UVCS) has observed the 58.4 nm glow of the interplanetary He focusing cone at regular intervals since 1996. The intensity decrease with time already observed during the first two years (Michels et al. \\cite{michels}) has dramatically amplified during the solar activity increase. Intensities seem to reach a plateau in 2001. Using a model of the cone emission which takes into account both photoionization and electron impact ionization of neutral helium we show that the photoionization increase alone cannot explain the observed intensity drop. Data can be fitted if at minimum activity the electron impact ionization rate is the solar cycle average rate predicted by Rucinski & Fahr (\\cite{1989A&A...224..290R}), and if this rate is increased by a factor of about 3.5 between 1996 and 2001. Assuming the Rucinski and Fahr radial dependence, such high electron impact rates create averaged He+ pickup ion (PUI) fluxes which may reach 50% of the fluxes of ions born after photoionization, or 35% of PUI total fluxes, as far as 1 AU from the Sun. In slow and dense solar wind enhancements, in particular in the presence of strong suprathermal tails, PUIs from electron impact could be the dominant species. This could explain a fraction of the observed correlation between He+ and H+ pickups and anticorrelation of He+ fluxes with solar wind velocity.

  10. Detection of Dry Intrusion on Water Vapor Images Over Central Europe - June 2010 TO September 2011

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Novotny, J.; Dejmal, K.; Hudec, F.; Kolar, P.

    2016-06-01

    The knowledge of evaluation of the intensity of cyclogenesis which could be connected with the weather having a significant impact on Earth's surface is quite useful. If, as one of the basic assumptions, the existence of connection between dry intrusions, dry bands, tropopause height and warm dark areas distribution on water vapor images (WV images) is considered, it is possible to set up a method of detecting dry intrusions on searching and tracking areas with higher brightness temperature compared with the surrounding environment. This paper covers the period between June 2010 and September 2011 over Central Europe. The ISIS method (Instrument de Suivi dans I'Imagerie satellitaire), originally developed for detection of cold cloud tops, was used as an initial ideological point. Subsequently, this method was modified by Michel and Bouttier for usage on WV images. Some of the applied criteria and parameters were chosen with reference to the results published by Michel and Bouttier as well as by Novotny. The procedure can be divided into two steps: detection of warm areas and their tracking. Cases of detection of areas not evidently connected with dry intrusions can be solved by filtering off based on the connection between detected warm areas to the cyclonic side of jet streams and significant lowering of the tropopause.

  11. Increasing beam power and energy with the SBS forward energy transfer instability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirkwood, R. K.; London, R. A.; Dunlop, W. H.; Michel, P. A.; Williams, E. A.; Fournier, K. B.; Landen, O. L.; MacGowan, B. J.

    2012-10-01

    The understanding of the exchange of forward going power and energy between two crossing beams in a plasma [1] is now sufficiently developed that it can be used to enable access to new experimental configurations. The existing models of the process allow the design of beam combiners that will produce higher energy in individual beams for new applications in ignition and HED physics. For example the Energy Partitioning and Energy Coupling (EPEC) [2] program is simulating nuclear events in various environments by delivering energy to the center of a chamber through a narrow tube that allows minimal perturbation of the surrounding region. We will describe the design of gas filled targets that will allow a 2x to 5x increase in the energy in a single NIF quad to enable higher yield events to be simulated in EPEC. These designs as well as advanced ignition target designs will require models with improved precision to predict their performance accurately. We will also compare the predictions of existing and emerging models of wave saturation [3] with the existing experimental data to determine the uncertainty in the models.[4pt] [1] P. Michel Physics of Plasmas 2010.[0pt] [2] K. Fournier, these proceedings[0pt] [3] P. Michel, E. Williams, these proceedings.

  12. Spin dynamics in the Frenkel model with allowance for the variation of the inertial properties of the electron

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebedev, S. L.

    2015-05-01

    The equations of motion of the Frenkel model at γ ≫ 1, a e ≲- χ ≪ 1 (where γ is the Lorentz factor, a e = 1/2( g - 2), and χ = √( eF μν p ν)2/ m {/e 3} result in the generalization of the Lorentz and Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equations. The modification is due to the Frenkel addition m Fr to the mass of the electron and can be of interest for currently planned experiments with relativistic beams. The derived Frenkel-Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equation contains a longitudinal part with a time-dependent coefficient, which is nonzero at g = 2. In the case of constant background fields, the equations of trajectory and spin can be integrated with a required accuracy if the antiderivative of the function m Fr(τ) is known. A new representation of the spin-orbit contribution Δ m so to the mass shift has been found in terms of the geometric invariants of world lines. It has been shown that the rate of variation of Δ m so is determined by a e + m Fr/ m e . The possibility of the periodic variation of spin light along the trajectory of beam has been indicated.

  13. Thoughts on the Present and Future of Psychoanalytic Education.

    PubMed

    Kernberg, Otto F; Michels, Robert

    2016-06-01

    This paper originated in a series of dialogues between the authors over a period of approximately one year, focused on present problems (and possible solutions) in psychoanalytic education, internationally but particularly in the U.S. Both authors have been involved in psychoanalytic education and governance over many years and share a concern with where psychoanalysis presently stands and where it is going. They share the experience of being part of what today is a significant minority of psychoanalysts involved in academic pursuits, thus being situated at the boundary between psychoanalysis and university-based psychiatry as professions. Having been involved in the leadership of both psychoanalytic and psychiatric organizations, they share an interest in organizational theory, an additional joint interest influencing their approach to institutional aspects of psychoanalysis. Despite these commonalities, however, they have been identified as having differently shaded positions and views within psychoanalytic politics: Robert Michels, as relatively conservative regarding controversial issues in psychoanalytic institutional functioning and governance, and Otto Kernberg as inclined toward rapid change regarding these issues (Auchincloss and Michels 2003; Kernberg 2014). This difference determined a dynamic of particular interest in their dialogue: the extent to which mutual respect yet differing viewpoints might issue in an analysis and joint recommendations that might be of interest to the field. In what follows, their achievement in that direction is spelled out in some detail. PMID:27389885

  14. [Genealogical study of the Pijart dynasty, goldsmiths or apothecaries in Paris in the 16th and 17th centuries].

    PubMed

    Warolin, Christian

    2007-10-01

    The Pijart dynasty, established in Paris during the 16th and 17th centuries, included apothecaries and goldsmiths who had a common ancestor, Michel Pijart, warden of the goldsmith's guild (garde de l'orfèvrerie) in 1507. He was married to Jehanne Daumont and died 23rd July 1524. This couple had four sons, all goldsmiths, Pierre, Michel, Jehan and Nicolas. Pierre married twice. His first wife, Philippe Dusseau, was the sister of a famous apothecary. Only their eldest son, François, chose the profession of apothecary; the other three, Jacques, Jehan and Philibert, all followed their father's profession. By his second marriage to Marie de Mézières, Pierre had two sons, Claude the elder and Claude the younger, who both became goldsmiths. Thus, the goldsmith's trade became the favoured profession of the Pijart family. Professional endogamy prevailed in this dynasty, after the fashion of merchants belonging to the six most prestigious guilds (Six-Corps de métiers). Goldsmiths and apothecaries retained strong family ties, demonstrated by family reunions (baptisms, betrothals, etc.). It is undisputable that the renown of this dynasty is based on the fame of its goldsmiths. However, through marriage, the Pijart's developed links with other families of apothecaries, of which the most outstanding were the Boulduc's. PMID:18348497

  15. A Thomistic defense of whole-brain death

    PubMed Central

    Eberl, Jason T.

    2015-01-01

    Michel Accad critiques the currently accepted whole-brain criterion for determining the death of a human being from a Thomistic metaphysical perspective and, in so doing, raises objections to a particular argument defending the whole-brain criterion by Patrick Lee and Germain Grisez. In this paper, I will respond to Accad's critique of the whole-brain criterion and defend its continued validity as a criterion for determining when a human being's death has occurred in accord with Thomistic metaphysical principles. I will, however, join Accad in criticizing Lee and Grisez's proposed defense of the whole-brain criterion as potentially leading to erroneous conclusions regarding the determination of human death. Lay summary: Catholic physicians and bioethicists currently debate the legally accepted clinical standard for determining when a human being has died—known as the “wholebrain criterion”—which has also been morally affirmed by the Magisterium. This paper responds to physician Michel Accad’s critique of the whole-brain criterion based upon St. Thomas Aquinas’s metaphysical account of human nature as a union of a rational soul and a material body. I defend the whole-brain criterion from the same Thomistic philosophical perspective, while agreeing with Accad’s objection to an alternative Thomistic defense of whole-brain death by philosophers Patrick Lee and Germain Grisez. PMID:26912933

  16. Estimate of Alabama argillacea (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) development with nonlinear models.

    PubMed

    Medeiros, R S; Ramalho, F S; Zanuncio, J C; Serrão, J E

    2003-11-01

    The objective of this work was to evaluate which nonlinear model [Davidson (1942, 1944), Stinner et al. (1974), Sharpe & DeMichele (1977), and Lactin et al. (1995)] best describes the relationship between developmental rates of the different instars and stages of Alabama argillacea (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and temperature. A. argillacea larvae were fed with cotton leaves (Gossypium hirsutum L., race latifolium Hutch., cultivar CNPA 7H) at constant temperatures of 20, 23, 25, 28, 30, 33, and 35 masculine C; relative humidity of 60 +/- 10%; and photoperiod of 14:10 L:D. Low R(2) values obtained with Davidson (0.0001 to 0.1179) and Stinner et al. (0.0099 to 0.8296) models indicated a poor fit of their data for A. argillacea. However, high R(2) values of Sharpe & DeMichele (0.9677 to 0.9997) and Lactin et al. (0.9684 to 0.9997) models indicated a better fit for estimating A. argillacea development. PMID:15029370

  17. Combined geophysical and petrophysical characterization to support a hydrogeological model of a coastal environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burschil, Thomas; Wiederhold, Helga; Scheer, Wolfgang; Kirsch, Reinhard; Krawczyk, Charlotte M.

    2014-05-01

    Global warming affects the water cycle by changing precipitation/evaporation and raising sea level. Especially groundwater systems in sensitive environments, such as coastal areas or barrier islands, have to be evaluated with respect to the potential reduction of water quality, e.g. salinization by saltwater intrusion (Hinsby et al., 2012). To assess these hazards using groundwater modeling we need a strong base of hydraulic and hydrogeological information. The use of integrated geophysical methods, in combination with a petrophysical characterization, provides a reliable architecture for groundwater modeling. Within the EU-project CLIWAT, we investigated the hydrogeological situation of the North Sea island of Föhr in Schleswig-Holstein (Germany). The island was mainly formed during glaciations in Pleistocene Series, especially Saalian and Weichselian Stages. These deposits remain as a Geest core in the southern central part, and house a freshwater lens that is used for the local water supply. To investigate the architecture of the fresh water lens, we carried out several surveys with airborne electromagnetic (AEM), seismic reflection, and borehole methods. To enhance the AEM resistivity model we inverted the data with a-priori constraints from seismic reflections (Burschil et al., 2012a). This constrained inversion leads to, among other things, a separation of two aquifers by resistivity data. Additionally, from borehole logs, vertical seismic profiles (VSP), and nearby AEM inversion point models we are able to petrophysically characterize different lithological categories regarding resistivity and seismic velocity. Subsurface glacial structures, e.g. buried valleys and a push moraine complex, are mapped down to 150 m below sea level. Below this rather horizontal features indicate Tertiary layers. Geophysically determined petrophysical values were correlated with lithological categories to enhance the interpretation of geophysical data. In this way, we expose

  18. Chladniite: A New Mineral Honoring the Father of Meteoritics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCoy, T. J.; Steele, I. M.; Keil, K.; Leonard, B. F.; Endress, M.

    1993-07-01

    cell. A total of 17 lines were observed in the powder pattern. Chladniite is hexagonal, R 3(bar), a = 14.967 angstroms, c = 42.595 angstroms, beta = 120 degrees. Attempts to determine the structure of chladniite are in progress. Chladniite is named for Ernst Florens Friedrich Chladni (1756-1827), who is widely regarded as the "Father of Meteoritics." After his initial training as a lawyer, Chladni turned his attention to science, particularly problems in acoustics. He was not, however, able to obtain a permanent position and embarked upon the life of a nomad, traveling among the great cities of Europe lecturing about acoustics. During these travels, he eventually gained an interest in meteoritics. It was Chladni's pioneering book of 1794 that, for the first time, presented strong evidence for an extraterrestrial origin of meteoritic stones and irons [5]. In addition, Chladni argued that meteorites must have been the building blocks of all planets and argued that a large iron core must exist inside the Earth. During his extensive travels, Chladni also established a meteorite collection that can still be seen at Humboldt University in Berlin. It is appropriate that a mineral be named in his honor as we approach the 200th anniversary of the publication of his monumental work. References: [1] McCoy et al. (1993) Meteoritics, in press. [2] Fuchs et al. (1967) GCA, 21, 1711-1719. [3] Araki and Moore (1981) Am. Mineral., 66, 827-842. [4] Livingstone (1980) Min. Mag., 43, 833-836. [5] Chladni (1794) Riga, J. F. Hartknoch (in German); reprinted (with introduction by G. Hoppe) by Akad. Verlagsgesellschaft Geest & Portig K.-G. (1982) (in German).

  19. Thick-Target Simulation Experiments as a Basis for Consistent Modeling of Cosmogenic Nuclide Production in Extraterrestrial Matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michel, R.; Lange, H.-J.; Leya, I.; Herpers, U.; Meltzow, B.; Dittrich-Hannen, B.; Suter, M.; Kubik, P. W.

    1995-09-01

    chemical composition on production rates. As in our earlier experiments, the irradiation of the artificial iron meteoroid was found to be isotropic in general. Improved measuring techniques, however, allowed to discover small local anisotropies of the irradiation due to interactions of primary particles with the axis and bearings of the experimental setup. Also, local chemical inhomogeneities from the individual targets with high mass numbers influenced the measured production rates at some locations inside the iron sphere. The observed effects are discussed with respect to influences of deviations from spherical shape and from bulk composition on production rates in meteoroids. Since the neutron spectra in the iron sphere irradiated with 1.6 GeV protons differ significantly from those in the stony meteoroid mockups irradiated in our earlier simulation experiments with 1.6 GeV and 600 MeV, the experimental production rates obtained from all five simulation experiments can be used to extract information on the otherwise not measureable cross sections of neutron-induced reactions. A least-squares unfolding method is used to model simultanously the production rates measured in all our simulation experiments and to establish a consistent set of excitation functions of the underlying neutron-induced reactions as an improved basis for physical model calculations of cosmogenic nuclide production rates in meteoroids. Acknowledgement: This work was partially supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Swiss National Foundation. References: [1] Michel R. et al. (1986) Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res., B16, 61-82. [2] Michel R. et al. (1989) Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res., B42, 76-100. [3] Michel R. et al. (1993) J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 169, 13-25. [4] Michel R. et al. (1993) Meteoritics, 28, 399-400. [5] Michel R. et al. (1994) in Nuclear Data for Science and Technology (J. K. Dickens, ed.), 377-379, Am. Nucl. Soc., La Grange Park. [6] Luepke M. (1993) Thesis, Univ

  20. [Cholesterol and atherosclerosis. Historical considerations and treatment].

    PubMed

    Zárate, Arturo; Manuel-Apolinar, Leticia; Basurto, Lourdes; De la Chesnaye, Elsa; Saldívar, Iván

    2016-01-01

    Cholesterol is a precursor of steroid hormones and an essential component of the cell membrane, however, altered regulation of the synthesis, absorption and excretion of cholesterol predispose to cardiovascular diseases of atherosclerotic origin. Despite, the recognition of historical events for 200 years, starting with Michel Chevreul naming «cholesterol»; later on, Lobstein coining the term atherosclerosis and Marchand introducing it, Anichkov identifying cholesterol in atheromatous plaque, and Brown and Goldstein discovering LDL receptor; as well as the emerging of different drugs, such as fibrates, statins and cetrapibs this decade, promising to increase HDL and the most recent ezetimibe and anti-PCSK9 to inhibit the degradation of LDL receptor, however morbidity has not been reduced in cardiovascular disease. PMID:26774359

  1. Normalizing medicine: between "intersexuals" and individuals with "Disorders of Sex Development".

    PubMed

    Feder, Ellen K

    2009-06-01

    In this paper, I apply Michel Foucault's analysis of normalization to the 2006 announcement by the US and European Endocrinological Societies that variations on the term "hermaphrodite" and "intersex" would be replaced by the term, "Disorders of Sex Development" or DSD. I argue that the change should be understood as normalizing in a positive sense; rather than fighting for the demedicalization of conditions that have significant consequences for individuals' health, this change can promote the transformation of the conceptualization of intersex conditions from "disorders like no other" to "disorders like many others." Understood in these terms, I conclude, medical attention to those with atypical anatomies should be recast from a preoccupation with "normal appearance" to the concern with human flourishing that is the proper object of medical attention. PMID:19234791

  2. Monsters, dreams and madness: Commentary on 'The arms of the chimeras'.

    PubMed

    Reis, Bruce

    2016-04-01

    Considering Freudian and Post-Freudian approaches to the intersubjective Beatrice Ithier puts the work of Michel de M'Uzan and Thomas Ogden in comparison. To this comparison I add a consideration of the work of Christopher Bollas. The highly creative clinical approaches these three theorists take is shown to be informed by their elaborations of the Freudian notion of unconscious communication and by new approaches to the issue of identity. Attention is paid to differentiating traumatic from fanciful chimeras; and to the experience of the analyst undergoing the sorts of transformations requisite to entering this psychic space marked by fluid exchanges of being and becoming, wherein analyst becomes patient, new subjects are created through shared dreams, and through which monsters appear. PMID:26996388

  3. Philosophers and physicians on the scientific validity of Latin physiognomy, 1200-1500.

    PubMed

    Ziegler, Joseph

    2007-01-01

    The article surveys and contextualizes the main arguments among philosophers and academic physicians surrounding the status of physiognomy as a valid science from the thirteenth to the early sixteenth centuries. It suggests that despite constant doubts, learned Latin physiognomy in the later Middle Ages was recognized by natural philosophers (William of Spain, Jean Buridan, William of Mirica) and academic physicians (Rolandus Scriptor, Michele Savonarola, Bartolomeo della Rocca [Cocles]) as a body of knowledge rooted in a sound theoretical basis. Physiognomy was characterized by stability and certainty. As a demonstrative science it was expected to provide rational explanation for every bodily sign. In this respect, learned physiognomy in the Middle Ages was dramatically different from its classical sources, from Islamic and possibly from early-modern physiognomy as well. PMID:18175464

  4. STS-93 Commander Eileen Collins waves to her family

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-93 Commander Eileen M. Collins waves to her family nearby, a last meeting before launch of mission STS-93 on July 20. Liftoff is scheduled for 12:36 a.m. EDT. The primary mission of STS-93 is the release of the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which will allow scientists from around the world to study some of the most distant, powerful and dynamic objects in the universe. The new telescope is 20 to 50 times more sensitive than any previous X- ray telescope and is expected to unlock the secrets of supernovae, quasars and black holes. The STS-93 crew numbers five: Commander Collins, Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby, and Mission Specialists Steven A. Hawley (Ph.D.), Catherine G. Coleman (Ph.D.) and Michel Tognini of France, with the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). Collins is the first woman to serve as commander of a shuttle mission.

  5. Networks in Cell Biology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buchanan, Mark; Caldarelli, Guido; De Los Rios, Paolo; Rao, Francesco; Vendruscolo, Michele

    2010-05-01

    Introduction; 1. Network views of the cell Paolo De Los Rios and Michele Vendruscolo; 2. Transcriptional regulatory networks Sarath Chandra Janga and M. Madan Babu; 3. Transcription factors and gene regulatory networks Matteo Brilli, Elissa Calistri and Pietro Lió; 4. Experimental methods for protein interaction identification Peter Uetz, Björn Titz, Seesandra V. Rajagopala and Gerard Cagney; 5. Modeling protein interaction networks Francesco Rao; 6. Dynamics and evolution of metabolic networks Daniel Segré; 7. Hierarchical modularity in biological networks: the case of metabolic networks Erzsébet Ravasz Regan; 8. Signalling networks Gian Paolo Rossini; Appendix 1. Complex networks: from local to global properties D. Garlaschelli and G. Caldarelli; Appendix 2. Modelling the local structure of networks D. Garlaschelli and G. Caldarelli; Appendix 3. Higher-order topological properties S. Ahnert, T. Fink and G. Caldarelli; Appendix 4. Elementary mathematical concepts A. Gabrielli and G. Caldarelli; References.

  6. Queer paradox/paradoxical queer: Anne Garréta's Pas un jour (2002).

    PubMed

    Cairns, Lucille

    2007-01-01

    This paper shows how Anne Garréta's Pas un jour (2002) is a decidedly queer text, in both the new and the old sense of that contested epithet. I examine three interrelated concerns central to Pas un jour. First, I analyze Garréta's mediation of desire in general: her own experiences of it; modalities thereof which subvert more 'normative' models of lesbianism; and her convergences with other gay, but male writers and theorists of desire such as Guy Hocquenghem, Gilles Deleuze and Michel Foucault. Second, I interrogate Garréta's dichotomy between desire and friendship, and adumbrate contrasts with Foucauldian theory. Finally, I scrutinize the meaning and value attributed to the particular body of desire with which Garréta is most commonly associated-homosexuality- and their links with those of a contemporary gay male writer, Dominique Fernandez. PMID:17804371

  7. A numerical method for computing unsteady 2-D boundary layer flows

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krainer, Andreas

    1988-01-01

    A numerical method for computing unsteady two-dimensional boundary layers in incompressible laminar and turbulent flows is described and applied to a single airfoil changing its incidence angle in time. The solution procedure adopts a first order panel method with a simple wake model to solve for the inviscid part of the flow, and an implicit finite difference method for the viscous part of the flow. Both procedures integrate in time in a step-by-step fashion, in the course of which each step involves the solution of the elliptic Laplace equation and the solution of the parabolic boundary layer equations. The Reynolds shear stress term of the boundary layer equations is modeled by an algebraic eddy viscosity closure. The location of transition is predicted by an empirical data correlation originating from Michel. Since transition and turbulence modeling are key factors in the prediction of viscous flows, their accuracy will be of dominant influence to the overall results.

  8. STS-93: Columbia Flight Crew Arrival on FSS 195' Level, Walk Across OAA and Ingress into White Room

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of the STS-93 mission was to deploy the Advanced X-ray Astrophysical Facility, which had been renamed the Chandra X-ray Observatory in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The mission was launched at 12:31 on July 23, 1999 onboard the space shuttle Columbia. The mission was led by Commander Eileen Collins. The crew was Pilot Jeff Ashby and Mission Specialists Cady Coleman, Steve Hawley and Michel Tognini from the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). This videotape opens with a view of the shuttle on the launch pad. It then shows the flight crew arrival on the 195 foot level of the fixed service structure (FSS), walks across the orbiter access arm (OAA) into the white room, where the crew is assisted in putting on the final stages of their spacesuits, and then their crawl into the orbiter.

  9. STS-93: Chandra Crew Arrival

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of the STS-93 mission was to deploy the Advanced X-ray Astrophysical Facility, which had been renamed the Chandra X-ray Observatory in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The mission was launched at 12:31 on July 23, 1999 onboard the space shuttle Columbia. The mission was led by Commander Eileen Collins. The crew was Pilot Jeff Ashby and Mission Specialists Cady Coleman, Steve Hawley and Michel Tognini from the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). This videotape shows the astronauts arrival at Kennedy Space Center a week before the launch. Each of the astronauts gives brief remarks, beginning with Eileen Collins, the first woman to command a space mission.

  10. STS-93 Columbia, Chandra moved to Payload Canister in the VPF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of the STS-93 mission was to deploy the Advanced X-ray Astrophysical Facility, which had been renamed the Chandra X-ray Observatory in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The mission was launched at 12:31 on July 23, 1999 onboard the space shuttle Columbia. The mission was led by Commander Eileen Collins. The crew was Pilot Jeff Ashby and Mission Specialists Cady Coleman, Steve Hawley and Michel Tognini from the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). This videotape shows the loading of the payload canister in the Vertical Processing Facility (VPF). Clean-suited technicians move the Chandra X-ray Observatory into the payload canister.

  11. STS-93 CEIT with crew in the OPF-3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    The primary objective of the STS-93 mission was to deploy the Advanced X-ray Astrophysical Facility, which had been renamed the Chandra X-ray Observatory in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The mission was launched at 12:31 on July 23, 1999 onboard the space shuttle Columbia. The mission was led by Commander Eileen Collins. The crew was Pilot Jeff Ashby and Mission Specialists Cady Coleman, Steve Hawley and Michel Tognini from the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). This videotape shows parts of a crew briefing and an inspection tour of the clean room. The astronauts are shown examining some of the equipment and tools that they will use during the mission.

  12. STS-93: CEIT with Crew in the OPF-3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    The primary objective of the STS-93 mission was to deploy the Advanced X-ray Astrophysical Facility, which had been renamed the Chandra X-ray Observatory in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. The mission was launched at 12:31 on July 23, 1999 onboard the space shuttle Columbia. The mission was led by Commander Eileen Collins. The crew was Pilot Jeff Ashby and Mission Specialists Cady Coleman, Steve Hawley and Michel Tognini from the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). This videotape shows parts of a crew briefing and an inspection tour of the clean room. The astronauts are shown examining some of the equipment and tools that they will use during the mission. Views of the empty payload shuttle bay are presented.

  13. Local detection of defects in materials by thermal analysis - flash method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kabouri, Ahmed; Khabbazi, Abdelhamid; Youlal, Hussein; Janati-Idressi, Malika

    2016-05-01

    This is mainly an experimental contribution about defect detection based on the flash method generally used to characterize the thermal diffusivity of the material. The temperature rise on the rear face of the sample generated by the flash provides important information. We have conceived and realized a contact thermal sensor consisting of forty-nine type K thermocouples distributed over the rear face of the sample to be tested. The thermocouples responses, as measured by several thermograms, are given in several measuring points distributed over the entire bottom surface of the sample. Analysis of the experimental results shows that the temperature rise provide important information to establish a thermal system for defect detection in homogeneous materials containing heterogeneities. Contribution to the topical issue "Materials for Energy Harvesting, Conversion and Storage (ICOME 2015) - Elected submissions", edited by Jean-Michel Nunzi, Rachid Bennacer and Mohammed El Ganaoui

  14. KSC-04PD-1507

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Ready for another dive to the NOAA undersea station Aquarius, offshore from Key Largo, the site of the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations 6 (NEEMO-6), are (left to right) Monike Schultz, CB Office lead; Bill Todd, project lead; Marc Reagan, mission lead; and Michele Lucas, OPS planner. Todd and Lucas are also the underwater videographer and still photographer, respectively, for the mission. The NEEMO-6 team comprises John Herrington, commander, Tara Ruttley, a biomedical engineer, and astronauts Nick Patrick and Doug Wheelock. The NEEMO-6 mission involves exposing an astronaut/scientist crew to a real mission experience in an extreme environment Aquarius to prepare for future space flight. Spacewalk-like diving excursions and field-tests on a variety of biomedical equipment are designed to help astronauts living aboard the International Space Station. To prepare for their 10- day stay, the team had dive training twice a day at the Life Support Buoy, anchored above Aquarius.

  15. Taking care of business: self-help and sleep medicine in american corporate culture.

    PubMed

    Brown, Megan

    2004-01-01

    This article argues that corporate management in the United States has expanded its scope beyond office walls and encompasses many aspects of workers' daily lives. One new element of corporate training is the micromanagement of sleep; self-help books, newspaper reports, magazine articles, and consulting firms currently advise workers and supervisors on optimizing productivity by cultivating certain sleep habits. Although consultants and self-help books make specific recommendations about sleep, most medical research is inconclusive about sleep's benefits for human performance. Using the ideas of Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze as a philosophical backdrop, this article examines the complex and often contradictory links between self-help, medicine, and corporate governance. PMID:15292702

  16. Short-bearing approximation for full journal bearings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ocvirk, F W

    1952-01-01

    A short-bearing approximation of pressure distribution in the oil film is presented which is an extension of the pressure-distribution function of Michell and Cardullo and includes end-leakage effects. Equations giving applied load, attitude angle, location and magnitude of peak film pressure, friction, and required oil flow rate as functions of the eccentricity ratio are also given. The capacity number, a basic non dimensional quantity resulting from this analysis is the product of the Sommerfeld number and the square of the length-diameter ratio. Curves determined by this analysis are compared with previously published experimental data and theoretical curves of Sommerfeld and Cameron and Wood. Conclusions reached indicate that this approximation is of practical value for analysis of short bearings.

  17. View of Mission Control Center during the Apollo 13 oxygen cell failure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    A group of eight astronauts and flight controllers monitor the console activity in the Mission Operations Control Room (MOCR) of the Mission Control Center (MCC) during the Apollo 13 lunar landing mission. Seated, left to right, are MOCR Guidance Officer Raymond F. Teague; Astronaut Edgar D. Michell, and Astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr., Standing, left to right, are Scientist-Astronaut Anthony W. England; Astronaut Joe H. Engle; Astronaut Eugene A. Cernan; Astronaut Ronald E. Evans; and M.P. Frank, a flight controller. When this picture was made, the Apollo 13 moon landing had already been cancelled, and the Apollo 13 crewmen were in transearth trajectory attempting to bring their crippled spacecraft back home.

  18. Statistical Challenges in Medieval Astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trimble, Virginia

    2002-04-01

    A number of well-known figures contributed to the development of both astronomy and statistics, including Galileo (moons of Jupiter and least absolute deviations), Halley (comet and survival tables), and Gauss (asteroid orbits and least squares). The talk or poster will focus on several less famous examples, including James Bradley (aberration of starlight and error distributions), John Michell (discovery of binary stars and the "birthday problem"), Neville Maskelyne (proper motions of stars and the excess of systematic over random errors), and how a method for analyzing discordant data developed by Tobias Mayer (to track the libration of the moon) came to be called Euler's method (after a chap who failed to develop it to track the mutual perturbations of Jupiter and Saturn).

  19. Microstructures minimizing the energy of a two phase elastic composite in two space dimensions. II: The vigdergauz microstructure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grabovsky, Yury; Kohn, Robert V.

    1995-06-01

    For modeling coherent phase transformations, and for applications to structural optimization, it is of interest to identify microstructures with minimal energy or maximal stiffness. The existence of a particularly simple microstructure with extremal elastic behavior, in the context of two-phase composites made from isotropic components in two space dimensions, has previously been shown. This "Vigdergauz microstructure" consists of a periodic array of appropriately shaped inclusions. We provide an alternative discussion of this microstructure and its properties. Our treatment includes an explicit formula for the shape of the inclusion, and an analysis of various limits. We also discuss the significance of this microstructure (i) for minimizing the maximum stress in a composite, and (ii) as a large volume fraction analog of Michell trusses in the theory of structural optimization.

  20. The effect of spacing transverse to the wave direction on the Morison force coefficients in two cylinder groups

    SciTech Connect

    Haritos, N.; Smith, D.J.

    1995-12-31

    This paper provides some results from an experimental study currently being carried out in the Michell laboratory at the University of Melbourne. The principal purpose of the study is to investigate the Morison in-line hydrodynamic force characteristics of slender surface-piercing multi-cylinder structures. The test program has been tailored to provide more detailed observations within the close-spaced region (Separation/Diameter ratio, s/D < 2) of the group interference effect in such multi-cylinder structures over the Keulegan Carpenter range 0 < KC < 20 which encompasses the inertia force dominant Morison regime (KC < 5), as well as the so-called troublesome region (5 < KC < 15) where both drag and inertia force components are significant. Results currently in hand for the side-by-side two-cylinder group configuration are presented which clearly depict the characteristics of this interference effect.

  1. Stress distributions and stress intensity factors in ceramic roller bearing rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Müller, W. H.

    1995-06-01

    A method is presented which allows to compute the stress intensity factors (SIFs) of a ceramic roller bearing ring with a surface flaw. First, the stresses due to mechanical loads applied to the surfaces of the undamaged ring are computed, using Michell's expression for Airy's stress function in polar coordinates ([l]). Second, the stress intensity factors of the flaw are obtained using Tada's additivity principle ([2]), namely by integration of the point force solution for the SIF of a surface crack with the aforementioned stresses as input parameter. To illustrate the procedure, the special case of a ring with a surface flaw which is loaded by six equidistantly spaced cylindrical rollers will be studied numerically.

  2. Stress-Based Crossover Operator for Structural Topology Optimization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Cuimin; Hiroyasu, Tomoyuki; Miki, Mitsunori

    In this paper, we propose a stress-based crossover (SX) operator to solve the checkerboard-like material distributation and disconnected topology that is common for simple genetic algorithm (SGA) to structural topology optimization problems (STOPs). A penalty function is defined to evaluate the fitness of each individual. A number of constrained problems are adopted to experiment the effectiveness of SX for STOPs. Comparison of 2-point crossover (2X) with SX indicates that SX can markedly suppress the checkerboard-like material distribution phenomena. Comparison of evolutionary structural optimization (ESO) and SX demonstrates the global search ability and flexibility of SX. Experiments of a Michell-type problem verifies the effectiveness of SX for STOPs. For a multi-loaded problem, SX searches out alternate solutions on the same parameters that shows the global search ability of GA.

  3. The effect of in-line spacing of two cylinder groups on the Morison force coefficients

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, D.J.; Haritos, N.

    1996-12-31

    This paper describes some results from an experimental study undertaken in the University of Melbourne`s Michell Laboratory which has investigated the interference effect associated with closely spaced cylinder groups on the in-line Morison force coefficients. Previous experimental studies undertaken at the University of Melbourne identified that the closely spaced cylinder range, (spacing to diameter ratio less than 3), is critical to the determination of the Morison force coefficients for tandem cylinders. The current research extends the previous work conducted in the department by investigating in more detail the closely spaced cylinder regime whilst extending results into the drag dominant regime (Keulegan-Carpenter number > 20). Results presented herein are limited to the exploration of the effect of varying the spacing of two cylinder groups oriented in-line to the direction of the uni-directional waves.

  4. The path and surviving tail of a comet that fell into the sun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sekanina, Z.

    1982-01-01

    A satisfactory orbital solution for Comet Howard-Koomen-Michels 1979 XI is found on the assumption that the comet's line of apsides coincided with that of the Kreutz sungrazing comet group. The derived perihelion distance then shows that this is the first known case of a comet falling into the sun. A dust tail that survived the comet is studied as a particle flow phenomenon controlled by no force other than solar gravity and solar radiation pressure. The tail's outline is interpreted in terms of an onset of dust production, a peak repulsive force on the particles, and a circumsolar dustfree zone due to particle sublimation. It is shown that the surviving debris consisted mostly of absorbing, submicron size particles in hyperbolic trajectories convex to the sun and curving toward the earth. The tail width may be a product of the interaction of charged dust in the tail with a complicated structure of the coronal magnetic field.

  5. Centenarian scientists: an unusual cluster newly formed in the 20th century.

    PubMed

    Sri Kantha, S

    2001-12-01

    From biographical data sources on ranking scientists, I was able to identify 35 centenarians. Among these, only one (Michel Chevereul from France) lived before the 20th century. Since the remaining 34 individuals became centenarians only from 1965, I propose that centenarian scientists are an unusual cluster, first formed in the 20th century. Among these, all except one (Alice Hamilton) were men. Six centenarian scientists, including Hamilton, had received professional medical training. The nationality ranks of the 34 centenarian scientists identified in the 20th century show 26 Americans, 6 British, one German and one French. Four of the 26 Americans were immigrants from Europe. At least three centenarians, namely Michael Heidelberger, Nathaniel Kleitman and Victor Hamburger, belong to the 'Nobel class' category, being pioneers in the disciplines of immunochemistry, sleep physiology and neuroembryology respectively. PMID:11918440

  6. [Natural or interactive kinds? The transient mental disorders in Ian Hacking's lectures at the Collège de France (2000-2006)].

    PubMed

    Delille, Emmanuel; Kirsch, Marc

    2016-12-01

    The concepts developed by Ian Hacking during his lectures at the Collège de France (2000-2006) have provided an important contribution to the debates within the field of philosophy of psychiatry. Professor at the Chair of Philosophy and History of Scientific Concepts after Michel Foucault, Hacking is the author of a reflection on the classification of mental disorders, which arises from the problem of the natural kinds. In order to explain the case studies developed in Hacking's Paris lectures, we first go back to the definition of a series of concepts, then we discuss the status of his scientific metaphors. Finally we analyze the relationship between the notions, respectively, of "transient mental illness" and "culture-bound syndrome". We emphasize that the latter derives from the Canadian transcultural psychiatry. PMID:27550460

  7. Ordinary tales from endoscopic odysseys: fiction, ethics, and the gastroenterological journey.

    PubMed

    Meulenberg, Frans; de Beaufort, Inez D

    2014-04-01

    Fiction (i.e. novels, short stories, and movies) provides an opportunity for imaginative moral reflection and can serve as a basis for moral argument. Narratives play a role in moral reasoning because they are exemplars as well as tests. Those who care for sick people, should be interested in patient's and literary stories. Exploring the representation of gastroenterological ailments in fiction gives insight in the experience of undergoing colonoscopy, farting, pain, the borders of intimacy, hygiene and the lack of it, taboos and the doctor-patient-relationship. Included authors are, among others: Michel Faber, Alan Bennett, Charles Bukowski, Charlotte Roche and James Joyce. Several movies are discussed as well. Though in general gastroenterological problems don't seem often at foreground in fiction, in some cases they are represented in a more symbolic way, and touch upon some fundamental aspects of the human condition. PMID:24810195

  8. New Hires at the National Cancer Institute at Frederick | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    Fifty-six people joined the facility in January, February, and March 2014. The National Cancer Institute welcomes… Shailesh Ambre • Lucia Babini • Hideaki Bando • Sandip Basu • Konstantinos Dimas • Amber Elia • Lan Jin • Yifei Li • Hanhan Liu • Hugo Martinez • Manasi Mayekar • Michele Newton • Sheikh Rahman • Luis Rodriguez • Eric Sterner • Emmanuel Tavares • Yanping Wang • Sarah Watters

  9. Nursing Training in the Brazilian Red Cross in the 1940s: a Foucaultian approach.

    PubMed

    Mecone, Márcia Cristina da Cruz; Freitas, Genival Fernandes de; Bonini, Bárbara Barrionuevo

    2015-12-01

    Objectives To identify and analyze the discursive statements that characterizes the training of human resources in nursing in the 1940s by the Brazilian Red Cross. Method The approach of the documentary sources was through the assumptions of the Historical Method and they were questioned by using the thought of Michel Foucault. Results Historically, a peculiar model, the military teaching model, influenced the training of human resources in nursing, especially in the 1940s. The Brazilian Red Cross was linked to the Ministry of War and its nursing education had an emphasis on moral conduct, discipline, and respect for hierarchy, culminating in the production of nurses' "docile bodies". The attributes expected of nurses constituted the triad in the professional formation identity at that time: dedication, discipline and obedience. Conclusion The military model still reverberates practices in training of nurses in the present, as in the management, care and education in nursing. PMID:26959155

  10. Interrogating discourse: the application of Foucault's methodological discussion to specific inquiry.

    PubMed

    Fadyl, Joanna K; Nicholls, David A; McPherson, Kathryn M

    2013-09-01

    Discourse analysis following the work of Michel Foucault has become a valuable methodology in the critical analysis of a broad range of topics relating to health. However, it can be a daunting task, in that there seems to be both a huge number of possible approaches to carrying out this type of project, and an abundance of different, often conflicting, opinions about what counts as 'Foucauldian'. This article takes the position that methodological design should be informed by ongoing discussion and applied as appropriate to a particular area of inquiry. The discussion given offers an interpretation and application of Foucault's methodological principles, integrating a reading of Foucault with applications of his work by other authors, showing how this is then applied to interrogate the practice of vocational rehabilitation. It is intended as a contribution to methodological discussion in this area, offering an interpretation of various methodological elements described by Foucault, alongside specific application of these aspects. PMID:23117590

  11. STS-93 crew gather for breakfast before launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The STS-93 crew gathers for breakfast in the Operations and Checkout Building before suiting up for launch. Space Shuttle Columbia is due to launch Tuesday, July 20, at 12:36 a.m. EDT. Seated from left are Mission Specialists Michel Tognini, of France, who represents the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), and Steven A. Hawley (Ph.D.), Commander Eileen M. Collins, Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby, and Mission Specialist Catherine G. Coleman (Ph.D.). STS-93 is a five-day mission primarily to release the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which will allow scientists from around the world to study some of the most distant, powerful and dynamic objects in the universe. The new telescope is 20 to 50 times more sensitive than any previous X- ray telescope and is expected unlock the secrets of supernovae, quasars and black holes. Collins is the first woman to serve as commander of a Shuttle mission.

  12. STS-93 Collins scans morning sky arrival at SLF for launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-93 Commander Eileen Collins peers into the eastern early morning sky after landing at Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) aboard a T-38 jet aircraft (background). She and other crew members Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby and Mission Specialists Steven A. Hawley (Ph.D.), Catherine G. 'Cady' Coleman (Ph.D.) and Michel Tognini of France, with the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), are arriving for pre-launch activities. Collins is the first woman to serve as mission commander. This is her third Shuttle flight. The primary mission of STS-93 is the release of the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which will allow scientists from around the world to study some of the most distant, powerful and dynamic objects in the universe. The new telescope is 20 to 50 times more sensitive than any previous X-ray telescope and is expected to unlock the secrets of supernovae, quasars and black holes.

  13. International Program and Local Organizing Committees

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2012-12-01

    International Program Committee Dionisio Bermejo (Spain) Roman Ciurylo (Poland) Elisabeth Dalimier (France) Alexander Devdariani (Russia) Milan S Dimitrijevic (Serbia) Robert Gamache (USA) Marco A Gigosos (Spain) Motoshi Goto (Japan) Magnus Gustafsson (Sweden) Jean-Michel Hartmann (France) Carlos Iglesias (USA) John Kielkopf (USA) John C Lewis (Canada) Valery Lisitsa (Russia) Eugene Oks (USA) Christian G Parigger (USA) Gillian Peach (UK) Adriana Predoi-Cross (Canada) Roland Stamm (Germany) Local Organizing Committee Nikolay G Skvortsov (Chair, St Petersburg State University) Evgenii B Aleksandrov (Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St Petersburg) Vadim A Alekseev (Scientific Secretary, St Petersburg State University) Sergey F Boureiko (St.Petersburg State University) Yury N Gnedin (Pulkovo Observatory, St Petersburg) Alexander Z Devdariani (Deputy Chair, St Petersburg State University) Alexander P Kouzov (Deputy Chair, St Petersburg State University) Nikolay A Timofeev (St Petersburg State University)

  14. In vitro larvicidal and antioxidant activity of dihydrophenanthroline-3-carbonitriles.

    PubMed

    Bharathi, A; Roopan, Selvaraj Mohana; Rahuman, Abdul Abdul; Rajakumar, Govindasamy

    2014-01-01

    Many naturally occurring and synthetic compounds containing dihydrocyanopyridine and cyanopyran moiety show pharmacological properties. The aim of this study is to investigate the larvicidal and antioxidant potential of dihydrophenanthroline-3-carbonitrile derivatives 4a-f. A novel series of 2-amino-10-chloro-4,12-diphenyl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydrobenzo[j][1,7]phenanthroline-3-carbonitrile derivatives were synthesized by reacting different substituted acridine chalcones through Michel addition. The compounds were synthesized in excellent yields and the structures were corroborated on the basis of FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and ESI Mass analysis data. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus larvae. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity was studied by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay method. From the antioxidant assay, the compound 4c was reported with profound antioxidant potential. PMID:24868553

  15. Finding the Big Bang

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peebles, P. James E.; Page, Lyman A., Jr.; Partridge, R. Bruce

    2009-03-01

    1. Introduction; 2. A guide to modern cosmology; 3. Origins of the cosmology of the 1960s; 4. Recollections of the 1960s Dave Hogg, Neville Woolf, George B. Field, Patrick Thaddeus, Donald E. Osterbrock, Yuri Nikolaevich Smirnov, Igor Dmitriyevich Novikov, Andrei Georgievich Doroshkevich, Rashid Alievich Sunyaev, Malcolm S. Longair, Arno Penzias, Robert W. Wilson, Bernard F. Burke, Kenneth C. Turner, P. James E. Peebles, David T. Wilkinson, Peter G. Roll, R. Bruce Partridge, Malcolm S. Longair, John Faulkner, Robert V. Wagoner, Martin Rees, Geoffrey R. Burbidge, Jayant V. Narlikar, David Layzer, Michele Kaufman, Jasper V. Wall, John Shakeshaft, William Welch, Kazimir S. Stankevich, Paul Boynton, Robert A. Stokes, Martin Harwit, Judith L. Pipher, Kandiah Shivanandan, Rainer Weiss, Jer-tsang Yu, Rainer K. Sachs, Arthur M. Wolfe, Joe Silk, George F. R. Ellis, Ronald N. Bracewell, Edward K. Conklin, Stephen Boughn, Karl C. Davis, Paul S. Henry; 5. Cosmology and the CMBR since the 1960s Dick Bond; Appendixes; Glossary; References; Index.

  16. Experimental and Numerical Study of the Role of Disorder on Contact Angle Hysteresis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sams, Angelina N.; Merten, Victoria E.; Pettersen, Michael S.

    2012-02-01

    Hysteretic behavior of the contact angle of a liquid on a solid is often ascribed to topographic or chemical heterogeneity of the surface. Recent experiments by Rolley and GuthmannootnotetextE. Rolley and C. Guthmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 166105 (2007). on liquid hydrogen on cesium suggest that both the hysteresis and the contact line dynamics might be explained in terms of the mesoscale structure of the cesium surface. We have investigated a room temperature system with similar wetting and structural properties, tetradecane on dodecanethiol-treated evaporated gold films, and compare the results with a model of the expected hysteresis due to the topographical heterogeneity as measured by AFM, and reported disorder in the thiol film.ootnotetextE. Delamarche, B. Michel, H. Kang and C.Gerber, Langmuir 10, 4103 (1994).

  17. In Vitro Larvicidal and Antioxidant Activity of Dihydrophenanthroline-3-carbonitriles

    PubMed Central

    Bharathi, A.; Rahuman, Abdul Abdul; Rajakumar, Govindasamy

    2014-01-01

    Many naturally occurring and synthetic compounds containing dihydrocyanopyridine and cyanopyran moiety show pharmacological properties. The aim of this study is to investigate the larvicidal and antioxidant potential of dihydrophenanthroline-3-carbonitrile derivatives 4a–f. A novel series of 2-amino-10-chloro-4,12-diphenyl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydrobenzo[j][1,7]phenanthroline-3-carbonitrile derivatives were synthesized by reacting different substituted acridine chalcones through Michel addition. The compounds were synthesized in excellent yields and the structures were corroborated on the basis of FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and ESI Mass analysis data. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus larvae. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity was studied by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay method. From the antioxidant assay, the compound 4c was reported with profound antioxidant potential. PMID:24868553

  18. [Beyond the asylum -An other view on the history of psychiatry in the modern age].

    PubMed

    Fauvel, Aude

    2015-07-01

    If one thinks medicine, madness and the past, one image immediately pops into mind: that of the mental asylum. Following the famous work by Michel Foucault, Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason, many historians have thus considered that the medicalization of insanity in the modern age had mostly led to a "great confinement" and a greater segregation of all individuals deemed mentally unfit during the "asylum era': However, new research demonstrates that this classic narrative of the psychiatric past needs to be revised. It discloses that, ever since the 191h century, a whole other medical culture existed as a challenge to asylums, a culture that advocated the integration of the mad and fought to disassociate psychiatry from the dominant model of confinement all throughout the occidental world. This article aims at presenting the results of these historical works that depict another aspect of the psychiatric history, exploring "boarding out" practices, instead of asylum ones. PMID:26111838

  19. Energy Division annual progress report for period ending September 30, 1981

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-05-01

    This eighth annual report of the Division covers work done during FY 1981 (October 1, 1980, through September 30, 1981). As with these documents in the past, the format follows approximately the organizational structure of the Energy Division. Chapters 2 through 6 summarize the activities of the sections of the Division: Environmental Impact Section, headed by H.E. Zittel; Regional and Urban Studies Section, R.M. Davis; Economic Analysis Section, R.B. Shelton; Data and Analysis Section, A.S. Loebl; and Efficiency and Renewables Research Section, J.W. Michel. In addition, work on a variety of projects which cut across section lines is reported in Chapter 7, Integrated Programs. These activities are under the supervision of T.J. Wilbanks, Associate Director for the Division. Separate abstracts are included for individual projects.

  20. Neoliberal ideology, global capitalism, and science education: engaging the question of subjectivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bazzul, Jesse

    2012-12-01

    This paper attempts to add to the multifaceted discussion concerning neoliberalism and globalization out of two Cultural Studies of Science Education journal issues along with the recent Journal of Research in Science Teaching devoted to these topics. However, confronting the phenomena of globalization and neoliberalism will demand greater engagement with relevant sociopolitical thought in fields typically outside the purview of science education. Drawing from thinkers Michel Foucault, Jean Baudrillard, Judith Butler, and Louis Althusser this paper attempts to extend some key ideas coming from Ken Tobin, Larry Bencze, and Lyn Carter and advocates science educators taking up notions of ideology, discourse, and subjectivity to engage globalization and neoliberalism. Subjectivity (and its constitution in science education) is considered alongside two relevant textbook examples and also in terms of its importance in formulating political and culturally relevant questions in science education.

  1. Photons and Atoms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leduc, Michéle Treps, Nicolas

    2015-10-01

    The first chapter of this book showed that laser light is coherent light concentrated in a given mode of radiation resonant with the optical cavity. This property makes laser light the "cleanest" light that physicists are able to produce, and it is thus quite naturally that the laser, an outcome of fundamental research with multiple applications, made its comeback into laboratories as being itself an object of research. We shall not review here all the advances in fundamental physics resulting from the use of laser light (the interested reader may consult the book by Michel Le Bellac in the same series), but we wish to explain through examples why the approach based on wave-particle duality is particularly fruitful...

  2. Highly symmetric POVMs and their informational power

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Słomczyński, Wojciech; Szymusiak, Anna

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the dependence of the Shannon entropy of normalized finite rank-1 POVMs on the choice of the input state, looking for the states that minimize this quantity. To distinguish the class of measurements where the problem can be solved analytically, we introduce the notion of highly symmetric POVMs and classify them in dimension 2 (for qubits). In this case, we prove that the entropy is minimal, and hence, the relative entropy (informational power) is maximal, if and only if the input state is orthogonal to one of the states constituting a POVM. The method used in the proof, employing the Michel theory of critical points for group action, the Hermite interpolation, and the structure of invariant polynomials for unitary-antiunitary groups, can also be applied in higher dimensions and for other entropy-like functions. The links between entropy minimization and entropic uncertainty relations, the Wehrl entropy, and the quantum dynamical entropy are described.

  3. Spectral simulations of an axisymmetric force-free pulsar magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Gang; Zhang, Li; Sun, Sineng

    2016-02-01

    A pseudo-spectral method with an absorbing outer boundary is used to solve a set of time-dependent force-free equations. In this method, both electric and magnetic fields are expanded in terms of the vector spherical harmonic (VSH) functions in spherical geometry and the divergence-free state of the magnetic field is enforced analytically by a projection method. Our simulations show that the Deutsch vacuum solution and the Michel monopole solution can be reproduced well by our pseudo-spectral code. Further, the method is used to present a time-dependent simulation of the force-free pulsar magnetosphere for an aligned rotator. The simulations show that the current sheet in the equatorial plane can be resolved well and the spin-down luminosity obtained in the steady state is in good agreement with the value given by Spitkovsky.

  4. Homoclinic accretion solutions in the Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter space-time

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mach, Patryk

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this paper is to clarify the distinction between homoclinic and standard (global) Bondi-type accretion solutions in the Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter space-time. The homoclinic solutions have recently been discovered numerically for polytropic equations of state. Here I show that they exist also for certain isothermal (linear) equations of state, and an analytic solution of this type is obtained. It is argued that the existence of such solutions is generic, although for sufficiently relativistic matter models (photon gas, ultrahard equation of state) there exist global solutions that can be continued to infinity, similarly to standard Michel's solutions in the Schwarzschild space-time. In contrast to that global solutions should not exist for matter models with a nonvanishing rest-mass component, and this is demonstrated for polytropes. For homoclinic isothermal solutions I derive an upper bound on the mass of the black hole for which stationary transonic accretion is allowed.

  5. Mechanical coupled vibrations in an individual double-walled carbon nanotube

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boutahir, Mourad; Rahmani, Abdelhai; Chadli, Hassan; Rahmani, Abdelali

    2016-05-01

    In this paper we calculate the Raman spectra of different double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) by using the spectral moments method. Using a convenient Lennard-Jones expression of the van der Waals intermolecular interaction between the inner and outer tubes, the optimized structures of DWCNT are derived. We found that the C-C bond length in DWCNT is depending on the metallic (M) or semiconducting (Sc) character of the inner and outer nanotubes. We show that the radial breathing-like modes (RBLM) of DWCNT are characterized by concerted inner and outer wall motions. Comparison with Raman spectra measurements is given. Contribution to the topical issue "Materials for Energy Harvesting, Conversion and Storage (ICOME 2015) - Elected submissions", edited by Jean-Michel Nunzi, Rachid Bennacer and Mohammed El Ganaoui

  6. Inelastic Single Pion Signal Study in T2K νe Appearance using Modified Decay Electron Cut

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iwamoto, Konosuke; T2K Collaboration

    2015-04-01

    The T2K long-baseline neutrino experiment uses sophisticated selection criteria to identify the neutrino oscillation signals among the events reconstructed in the Super-Kamiokande (SK) detector for νe and νμ appearance and disappearance analyses. In current analyses, charged-current quasi-elastic (CCQE) events are used as the signal reaction in the SK detector because the energy can be precisely reconstructed. This talk presents an approach to increase the statistics of the oscillation analysis by including non-CCQE events with one Michel electron and reconstruct them as the inelastic single pion productions. The increase in statistics, backgrounds to this new process and energy reconstruction implications will be presented with this increased event sample.

  7. Pure bending of a solid cone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Renton, J. D.

    1997-05-01

    The problems of torsion, axial loading and shear of a solid cone were solved around the turn of the century by Michell and Föppl. Surprisingly, no solution to the problem of the elastic response of a cone to the only other possible resultant applied to its apex seems to have been published until now. The method used here is based on certain theoretical considerations related to the author's work on generalizing the engineering theory of beams. This means that the result is derived rather than being the result of a trial-and-error process. A comparison is made with the usual engineering theory as modified for variable bending stiffness. The two analyses give the same results at the limit as the cone angle tends to zero.

  8. [The spread of the plague: A sciento-historiographic review].

    PubMed

    Cuadrada, Coral

    2015-01-01

    There is still uncertainty about the diagnosis and nature of the plague; some scholars have been forced to abandon certainties and be filled with doubts: from believing that the mediaeval Black Plague was, in reality, the bubonic plague (although with unusual characteristics) to stating that there is very little evidence to support a retro-diagnosis. This article looks at this in depth, not only reviewing the historiography but also giving new interpretations which question previous hypotheses through research on images of the time, comparing them to the most recent investigative data. Two primary sources are analysed: Renaissance treaties written by four Italian doctors: Michele Savonarola, Marsilio Ficino, Leonardo Fioravanti and Gioseffo Daciano; and iconography: an illustrated manuscript of the Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio and a Hebrew Haggadah from the XIVth century. The results are compared to the most recent research on DNA and in micropaleontology. PMID:26399143

  9. Humanism in nursing: the emergence of the light.

    PubMed

    Nelson, S

    1995-03-01

    This paper examines Western nursing practices by focusing on their spiritual aspect. The transformation of the informal and poorly trained nurse into the trained and uniform persona of the modern nurse is the subject of many nursing histories and part of nursing mythology. Using the work of Michel Foucault and Marcel Mauss, the nursing that preceded the 19th century reformers is re-examined and continuities between current and quite ancient practices of nursing are explored. The development of practices or technologies for care of the sick originated with the establishment of hospitals in the 4th century as part of pious Christian practice. Current practices of care and the discourse of holistic nursing are argued to have grown from these traditional Christian technologies of care. Humanist or holistic nursing represents the enshrinement of the Christian ethos--freed of doctrine; the discourse of caring a redrafted Christian discipline of love. PMID:7728593

  10. Analytical Derivation and Experimental Evaluation of Short-Bearing Approximation for Full Journal Bearing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dubois, George B; Ocvirk, Fred W

    1953-01-01

    An approximate analytical solution including the effect of end leakage from the oil film of short plain bearings is presented because of the importance of endwise flow in sleeve bearings of the short lengths commonly used. The analytical approximation is supported by experimental data, resulting in charts which facilitate analysis of short plain bearings. The analytical approximation includes the endwise flow and that part of the circumferential flow which is related to surface velocity and film thickness but neglects the effect of film pressure on the circumferential flow. In practical use, this approximation applies best to bearings having a length-diameter ratio up to 1, and the effects of elastic deflection, inlet oil pressure, and changes of clearance with temperature minimize the relative importance of the neglected term. The analytical approximation was found to be an extension of a little-known pressure-distribution function originally proposed by Michell and Cardullo.

  11. The American Nurses of the Special Public Health Service and the Formation of Human Resources in Brazilian Nursing.

    PubMed

    Bonini, Bárbara Barrionuevo; Freitas, Genival Fernandes de; Fairman, Julie; Mecone, Márcia Cristina da Cruz

    2015-12-01

    Objective To historicize the changes in training human resources in nursing in Brazil during the period from 1942 to 1961 based on the presence of 35 American nurses assigned to work in cooperation with Special Public Health Service. Method The sources used for the study were reports written by American nurses who described their impressions, suggestions, and the activities they carried out in the country. These were analyzed based on the discourse analysis of Michel Foucault. Results The period mentioned was marked by an American presence in nursing projects developed by the Special Public Health Service. The discourses indicated that the period was marked by many changes in Brazilian nursing, particularly with respect to attracting and training human resources for the profession. Conclusion The results indicate that the American nurses, through what they said and their influence, were central to the consolidation of a new paradigm in the training of nursing professionals in Brazil. PMID:26959165

  12. The archaeology and genealogy of mentorship in English nursing.

    PubMed

    Fulton, John

    2015-03-01

    In the United Kingdom, the concept of mentorship has been central to nurse education since the 1980s. Mentorship has become the definitive term used to denote the supervisory relationship of the student nurse with a qualified nurse who monitors and evaluates their skill development in the clinical area. The background against which the concept was established is examined through a consideration of the concepts of archaeology of knowledge and genealogy of knowledge as conceptualised by Michel Foucault. In particular, the Foucauldian concepts of power, discourses and the gaze are used to direct and shape the analysis. The paper explores the interplay of managerial dominance and professionalism and the ways in which mentorship can be used as a means of control and surveillance. PMID:24330141

  13. [The ideal body: media pedagogy].

    PubMed

    Ribeiro, Rubia Guimarães; da Silva, Karen Schein; Kruse, Maria Henriqueta Luce

    2009-03-01

    We present enunciations that circulate in the media regarding the body, discussing the ways in which the speeches related with the maintenance of health and aesthetics invest in its improvement. Therefore, we used the Caderno Vida, a weekly insert of Zero Hora, for we understand it as owner of a proper speech that has the power of subjectivate people The analysis is part of Cultural Studies and it is based on the ideas of Michel Foucault. The methodological strategy used was the speech analysis of subjects about body care. The periodical questions its readers using speeches that point to beauty health and success The constructed categories were: how is the ideal body, what to do to have such body and why we must have this body Balanced feeding, practice of regular physical activities and the accomplishment of plastic surgeries are recommendations recurrently found in weekly inserts. PMID:19653558

  14. [Madness in Foucault: art and madness, madness and unreason].

    PubMed

    Providello, Guilherme Gonzaga Duarte; Yasui, Silvio

    2013-10-01

    After presenting the ideas on madness and its interface with art as expressed in the writings of Michel Foucault, Peter Pál Pelbart, and Gilles Deleuze, the article explores how these authors question the relationship between art and madness. It begins with the notion that madness does not tell the truth about art, and vice versa, but that there are links between both that must be delved into if we are to engage in deeper reflection on the topic. The text problematizes the statement that madness is the absence of an oeuvre and examines how this impacts the possibility of achieving an artistic oeuvre. It further problematizes the idea of madness as excluded language, that is, the idea that madness implies not only the exclusion of the body but also the disqualification of discourse. PMID:24473649

  15. Some recent results from CLEO II

    SciTech Connect

    Kass, R.

    1997-06-01

    The CLEO experiment has been operating for several years now collecting e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} annihilation data at and near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance (E{sub cm} {approx} 10.6 GeV). The accumulated event sample contains several million B{anti B} and {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup {minus}} pairs. These data are used to explore rare b, c, and {tau} decays. In this report, several recent CLEO results in the area of B-meson and {tau} decay are presented. The topics covered include: penguin decays of B-mesons, measurement of exclusive b {r_arrow} u semileptonic transitions, {tau} decays with an {eta} in the final state, precision measurement of the Michel parameters in leptonic {tau} decay, and a search for lepton number violation using {tau}`s. 39 refs., 26 figs.

  16. Ferritic steel for use in nuclear energy — A report of the snowbird conference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davis, J. W.

    1984-05-01

    This international conference on ferritic or martensitic steels consisted of a planary session with all invited papers and several parallel sessions of contributed papers. The conference was sponsored by the Metallurgical Society of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME) as well as several industrial organizations. The technical program chairmen were J. W. Davis of MDAC and D. J. Michel of the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory. The Program committee was composed of representatives from the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Japan, the UK, and the USA. The conference proceedings will be published as a hard bound book by the AIME. Consequently, the present paper is intended to highlight the results of the conference prior to the publication of the proceedings.

  17. Mission Specialist Smith is suited and ready for launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Operations and Checkout Building, STS-103 Mission Specialist Steven L. Smith signals he is suited up and ready for launch. Other crew members are Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists C. Michel Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France and Claude Nicollier of Switzerland. Clervoy and Nicollier are with the European Space Agency. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. After the 8-day, 21-hour mission, Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:30 p.m. EST.

  18. [The nurse and patient's nudity].

    PubMed

    dos Santos, Regina Maria; Viana, Ivea Rayane M N; da Silva, Josefa Rita; Trezza, Maria Cristina Soares Figueiredo; Leite, Joséte Luzia

    2010-01-01

    This is a qualitative study about the relationship among nurses of a university hospital and their patients when they need to undress those patients to take care. The purpose was to analyze speech of seven nurses in this situation. The information was taken by transcribing the semi-structured interviews which were analyzed according Michel Foucault's thought. The results demonstrated that the relationship among nurses and patients at the time when nudity is needed to perform nursing care is full of power, to which the nurses don't feel always prepared. Also the nurses don't think that, acting as they act, they exert power over the patients. It is suggested to Nursing schools to perform seminars about the care with the naked body. PMID:21308217

  19. Pharmacological relapse prevention in alcohol dependence: from animal models to clinical trials.

    PubMed

    Boening, J A; Lesch, O M; Spanagel, R; Wolffgramm, J; Narita, M; Sinclair, D; Mason, B J; Wiesbeck, G A

    2001-05-01

    This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2000 ISBRA Meeting in Yokohama, Japan. The chairs were Jobst August-Ludwig Boening and Otto Michel Lesch. The presentations were (1) Pharmacological validation of a new animal model of alcoholism, by Rainer Spanagel; (2) Persisting loss of control as main criterion for alcohol addiction in rats and mice, by Jochen Wolffgramm; (3) Role of NMDA receptor subunits associated with protein kinase C in the prevention of alcohol dependence, by Minoru Narita; (4) Long-term follow up of continued naltrexone treatment, by David Sinclair; (5) Pharmacological treatment trials with dopaminergic and serotonergic substances: Myths or facts? by Gerhard A. Wiesbeck; and (6) Methodology and behavioral therapy of the U.S. acamprosate study, by Barbara J. Mason. PMID:11391061

  20. Some Questions Concerning RNA Folding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michel, François

    2004-03-01

    I am both moved and embarrassed to have been invited to participate in this conference. The IHÉS is a very special place for me, because my father, Louis Michel, worked here for more than thirty years, until his death in fact, not quite two years ago. Sadly, I never visited the IHÉS while he was here - for no good reason - except perhaps that I am one of the four of his six children who were scientists: My brother is a mathematician, one of my sisters is a climatologist, and another one is a linguist specialized in Paleo-Babylonian. Each of us was very careful not to interfere with the professional lives of the others ...

  1. Outage management and health physics issue, 2006

    SciTech Connect

    Agnihotri, Newal

    2006-05-15

    The focus of the May-June issue is on outage management and health physics. Major articles/reports in this issue include: A design with experience for the U.S., by Michael J. Wallace, Constellation Generation Group; Hope to be among the first, by Randy Hutchinson, Entergy Nuclear; Plans to file COLs in 2008, by Garry Miller, Progress Energy; Evolution of ICRP's recommendations, by Lars-Erik Holm, ICRP; European network on education and training in radiological protection, by Michele Coeck, SCK-CEN, Belgium; Outage managment: an important tool for improving nuclear power plant performance, by Thomas Mazour and Jiri Mandula, IAEA, Austria; and Plant profile: Exploring new paths to excellence, by Anne Thomas, Exelon Nuclear.

  2. Why 400 Years to Discover Countless Planets?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carr, Paul H.

    2011-04-01

    In 1584, Dominican monk Giordano Bruno envisioned the stars as "countless suns with countless earths, all rotating around their suns." Searching for intellectual freedom, he fled his native Italy to Protestant Switzerland and Germany, but in 1600 the Roman Inquisition condemned him for heresy. He was burned at the stake. Fast-forwarding to 1995, the Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz announced the discovery of a planet orbiting a star similar to our sun (51 Pegasi). In 2010, 500 planets had been found orbiting 421 stars. On Feb 2, 2011, NASA announced 1200 planet candidates. It took 400 years for telescope technology to advance and for Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, Bradley, and Foucault to make major contributions, culminating in today's astrophysics with digital imaging and processing. Contrasting with Bruno, in 2010 Dominican Francisco Ayala, who had been president of the Sigma Xi and AAAS, won the 1.6M Templeton Prize for affirming life's spiritual dimension.

  3. STS-93 crew leaves SLF after arrival for launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The STS-93 crew leave the Shuttle Landing Facility after answering questions for the media and posing for photographers, whose shadows stretch across the SLF. From left are Mission Specialists Michel Tognini of France, who is with the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) and Steven A. Hawley (Ph.D.), Commander Eileen M. Collins (waving), Mission Specialist Catherine G. 'Cady' Coleman (Ph.D.), and Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby. The crew arrived at KSC for pre-launch activities. Collins is the first woman to serve as mission commander. The primary mission of STS-93 is the release of the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which will allow scientists from around the world to study some of the most distant, powerful and dynamic objects in the universe. The new telescope is 20 to 50 times more sensitive than any previous X-ray telescope and is expected to unlock the secrets of supernovae, quasars and black holes.

  4. Observed rate of ionization in shaped-charge releases of barium in the ionosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hallinan, Thomas J.

    1988-01-01

    Data from 36 Ba shaped-charge releases carried out at an angle of less than 25 deg to the magnetic field, by the technique of Wescott et al. (1972) and Michel (1974), were examined for evidence of a sustained rate of ionization in excess of that attributable to sunlight. In four of the experiments, the time constant for the decay of the neutrals was measured using an ultrasensitive color TV camera and was found to have a value of about 30 sec, consistent with slow (solar) ionization. Although the qualitative appearance of most jets was found to be consistent with a slow process of ionization, some releases produced a thin confined jet that was suggestive of rapid ionization. Two of these jets were analyzed in detail, but no evidence of anomalous ionization was produced. The data obtained in this work agree with the geometrical predictions of the Swift model.

  5. Division F Commission 53: Extrasolar Planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lecavelier Des Etangs, Alain; Minniti, Dante; Boss, Alan; Mayor, Michel; Bodenheimer, Peter; Collier-Cameron, Andrew; Jayawardhana, Ray; Kokubo, Eiichiro; Mardling, Rosemary; Queloz, Didier; Rauer, Heike; Zhao, Gang

    2016-04-01

    The IAU Working Group on Extrasolar Planets (WGESP) was created by the Executive Council as a Working Group of Division III. This decision took place in June 1999, that is only 7 years after the discovery of planets around the pulsar PSR B1257+12 and 4 years after the discovery of 51 Peg b. This working group was renewed for 3 years at the General Assembly in 2003 in Sydney, Australia. It was chaired by Alan Boss from Carnegie Institution of Washington. The WGESP members were Paul Butler, William Hubbard, Philip Ianna, Martin Kürster, Jack Lissauer, Michel Mayor, Karen Meech, Francois Mignard, Alan Penny, Andreas Quirrenbach, Jill Tarter, and Alfred Vidal-Madjar.

  6. Research integrity and rights of indigenous peoples: appropriating Foucault's critique of knowledge/power.

    PubMed

    Swazo, Norman K

    2005-09-01

    In this paper I appropriate the philosophical critique of Michel Foucault as it applies to the engagement of Western science and indigenous peoples in the context of biomedical research. The science of population genetics, specifically as pursued in the Human Genome Diversity Project, is the obvious example to illustrate (a) the contraposition of modern science and 'indigenous science', (b) the tendency to depreciate and marginalize indigenous knowledge systems, and (c) the subsumption of indigenous moral preferences in the juridical armature of international human rights law. I suggest that international bioethicists may learn from Foucault's critique, specifically of the need for vigilance about the knowledge/power relation expressed by the contraposition of modern science and 'indigeneity'. PMID:16137604

  7. Corrigendum.

    PubMed

    2015-01-01

    Following publication of the Research Article by Orazio Caffo, Giovanni Lo Re, Teodoro Sava, Sebastiano Buti, Cosimo Sacco, Umberto Basso, Fable Zustovich, Michele Lodde, Alessandra Perin, Gaetano Facchini, Antonello Veccia, Francesca Maines, Carmen Barile, Lucia Fratino, Angela Gernone, Rocco De Vivo, Giovanni L Pappagallo & Enzo Galligioni titled ‘Intermittent docetaxel chemotherapy as first-line treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients’, which appeared in the January 2015 issue of Future Oncology (11[6], 965–973 [2015]; www.futuremedicine.com/doi/full/10.2217/fon.14.284), it has come to our attention that the affiliation number 6 was incorrectly presented as: Medical Oncology Department, Istituto Oncologico Veneto, Padova, Italy. This should have been presented as: Medical Oncology Unit 1; Department of Clinical & Experimental Oncology, Istituto Oncologico Veneto IOV IRCCS, Padova Italy. The authors and editors of Future Oncology would like to sincerely apologize for any inconvenience or confusion this may have caused. PMID:26075450

  8. Liftoff of Space Shuttle Columbia on mission STS-93

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The fiery launch of Space Shuttle Columbia casts ghost-like shadows on the clouds of smoke and steam surrounding it. Liftoff occurred at 12:31 a.m. EDT. STS-93 is a five-day mission primarily to release the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which will allow scientists from around the world to study some of the most distant, powerful and dynamic objects in the universe. The crew numbers five: Commander Eileen M. Collins, Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby, and Mission Specialists Stephen A. Hawley (Ph.D.), Catherine G. Coleman (Ph.D.) and Michel Tognini of France, with the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). Collins is the first woman to serve as commander of a Shuttle mission. The target landing date is July 27, 1999, at 11:20 p.m. EDT.

  9. Numerical investigation of heat transfer on film-cooled turbine blades.

    PubMed

    Ginibre, P; Lefebvre, M; Liamis, N

    2001-05-01

    The accurate heat transfer prediction of film-cooled blades is a key issue for the aerothermal turbine design. For this purpose, advanced numerical methods have been developed at Snecma Moteurs. The goal of this paper is the assessment of a three-dimensional Navier-Stokes solver, based on the ONERA CANARI-COMET code, devoted to the steady aerothermal computations of film-cooled blades. The code uses a multidomain approach to discretize the blade to blade channel with overlapping structured meshes for the injection holes. The turbulence closure is done by means of either Michel mixing length model or Spalart-Allmaras one transport equation model. Computations of thin 3D slices of three film-cooled nozzle guide vane blades with multiple injections are performed. Aerothermal predictions are compared to experiments carried out by the von Karman Institute. The behavior of the turbulence models is discussed, and velocity and temperature injection profiles are investigated. PMID:11460651

  10. Thinking with Montaigne: evidence, scepticism and meaning in early modern demonology.

    PubMed

    Machielsen, Jan

    2011-01-01

    In 1612 the Bordeaux witchcraft inquisitor Pierre de Lancre (1556–1631), himself linked by marriage to Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592), revealed that the essayist and sceptic was related on his mother’s side to a leading authority on magic and superstition, the Flemish-Spanish Jesuit Martin Delrio (1551–1608). De Lancre confounded historians' expectations by using the revelation to defend Montaigne against his cousin's criticism. This article re-evaluates the relationships of De Lancre, Delrio and Montaigne in the light of recent scholarship, which casts demonology as a form of "resistance to scepticism" that conceals deep anxiety about the existence of the supernatural. It explores De Lancre’s and Delrio’s very different attitudes towards Montaigne and towards evidence and scepticism. This, in turn, reveals the different underlying preoccupations of their witchcraft treatises. It hence argues that no monocausal explanation linking scepticism to witchcraft belief is plausible. PMID:22213884

  11. Careers and people

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-10-01

    Simulation experts win Dirac Medal Condensed-matter theorists Roberto Car of Princeton University in the US and Michele Parrinello of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich) have won the 2009 Dirac Medal for their work on numerical-simulation techniques. The pair began developing new methods of modelling molecular dynamics in the mid-1980s, using elements of density functional theory and Newtonian molecular dynamics to calculate the mechanical motion of atoms and molecules in real time. Now known as the Car-Parrinello method, their technique has become a standard tool in computational physics and chemistry. The award, which is announced each year on 8August, Dirac's birthday, carries a cash prize of 5000 and is sponsored by the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy.

  12. E. U. Condon: Science, Religion, and Scientific Responsibility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Day, Michael

    2006-03-01

    In the spring of 1947, Walter Michels, a long-time friend and professor of physics at Bryn Mawr College, introduced Condon to Quakerism. In December of that year, Condon was accepted into membership in the Religious Society of Friends. The main purpose of this talk is to consider Condon's views on science and religion that he began setting forth in 1948. Further, Condon's views, which emphasize the ``harmony of science and religion,'' are compared and contrasted with the views of I. I. Rabi and Arthur Compton on science and religion. The talk concludes with a discussion of Condon's views on the responsibilities of scientists. In certain ways, Condon's views on science, religion, and scientific responsibility represent a philosophical minimalism with respect to their commitments.

  13. [Dying with cancer: Hollywood lessons].

    PubMed

    Niemeyer, Fernanda; Kruse, Maria Henriqueta Luce

    2013-12-01

    The study attempts to understand how dying from cancer is portrayed by five movies produced in Hollywood between 1993 and 2006. Based on the cultural studies and their post-structuralism version and supported by the notions of discourse and subjectivity, as proposed by philosopher Michel Foucault, we suggest one of the possible readings of the movie picture corpus. We assess how the movie picture discourse acts as a cultural pedagogy that produces ways of seeing dying with cancer: immortalizing the healthy body image, silencing death, taking care of the dead body and, finally, accepting death. Our proposal is intended to stimulate reflections that may contribute to care and education in nursing. PMID:25080714

  14. Measurement and Modeling of the Production of He, Ne, and AR from Mg, Al, Si, Fe, and NI in an Artificial Iron Meteoroid Irradiated Isotropically with 1.6 GeV Protons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Busemann, H.; Wieler, R.; Leya, I.; Lange, H.-J.; Michel, R.; Meltzow, B.; Herpers, U.

    1995-09-01

    -induced reactions were improved by a least square fitting procedure adjusting the calculated production rates to all experimental ones from the simulation experiments. The simultanous interpretation of rare gas production rates measured in artificial meteoroids of different radii and bulk chemical composition irradiated by 600 MeV and 1.6 GeV protons results in an improved set of neutron cross sections. The new experimental production rates provide a basis for validation of model calculations of rare gas production in all types of extraterrestrial matter. In particular, they allow to validate model calculations of the matrix effect [9, 10] on the basis of laboratory data obtained under controlled conditions. Production rates in stony and iron meteoroids are consistently described by a physical model without free parameters. Acknowledgments: This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation. References: [1] Michel R. et al. (1993) Meteoritics, 28, 399-400. [2] Wieler R. et al. (1992) Meteoritics, 27, 315-316. [3] Begemann F. and Schultz L. (1988) LPS XIX, 51-52. [4] Michel R. et al. (1986) Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res., B16, 61-82. [5] Michel R. et al. (1989) Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res., B42, 76-100. [6] Cloth P. et al. (1988) Juel 2203. [7] Blann M. (1994) personal communication. [8] Blann M. (1972) Phys. Rev. Lett., 28, 757-759. [9] Michel et al. (1990) Meteoritics, 25, 386-387. [10] Masarik J. et al. (1994) GCA, 58, 5307-5317.

  15. Statistical Analysis of Elevated Radium and Gross Alpha Measurement in the Sanitary Landfill

    SciTech Connect

    TUCKFIELD, RICHARD

    2004-04-12

    In 2002, radium 226 and 228 measurements elevated above the 5 pCi/L groundwater protection standard (GWPS) and gross alpha measurements above the 15 pCi/L GWPS were noticed in several groundwater monitoring wells at the SRS Sanitary Landfill. An additional four quarters of confirmatory measurements for Ra in the SLF groundwater were taken during 2003 as directed by the SC Department of Health and Environmental Control. Elevated radium concentrations in groundwater of the Aiken County area are a common occurrence. Price and Michel (1990) compiled radium concentrations in drinking water wells of this area and showed several instances of the concentrations exceeding the regulatory limit. Ra226 is an alpha emitter and contributes much of the natural alpha radioactivity found in uncontaminated groundwater. Thus, the elevated radium concentrations are usually accompanied by elevated gross alpha concentrations. Appendix A2 indicates that this is the case at the SLF where Ra226 accounts for almost all elevated gross alpha.

  16. A catalog of rotational and radial velocities for evolved stars. V. Southern stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Medeiros, J. R.; Alves, S.; Udry, S.; Andersen, J.; Nordström, B.; Mayor, M.

    2014-01-01

    Rotational and radial velocities have been measured for 1589 evolved stars of spectral types F, G, and K and luminosity classes IV, III, II, and Ib, based on observations carried out with the CORAVEL spectrometers. The precision in radial velocity is better than 0.30 km s-1 per observation, whereas rotational velocity uncertainties are typically 1.0 km s-1 for subgiants and giants and 2.0 km s-1 for class II giants and Ib supergiants. Based on observations collected at the Haute-Provence Observatory, Saint-Michel, France, and at the European Southern Observatory, La Silla, Chile.Table 1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/561/A126

  17. AIDS, risk and social governance.

    PubMed

    Brown, T

    2000-05-01

    This paper considers the discursive properties of public health literature produced around AIDS in the 1980s and early 1990s. Attention is focused upon the role of health promotion in the UK government's response to the epidemic and on the language used in the educational campaigns conducted by the Health Education Council and its replacement the Health Education Authority. Using an analytical approach influenced by the work of Michel Foucault, the paper argues that the knowledges of AIDS produced by these various public health institutions constructed discursive boundaries between the idea of 'normal' and 'abnormal' behavioural practices. The notion of risk, produced as it is from epidemiological knowledge, is a central mechanism in this process. It is through the production, articulation and normalisation of 'at risk' groups that society is fragmented and hence subject to the governance strategies of late-modern liberal economies. PMID:10728847

  18. Comittees

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2004-10-01

    Fritz Caspers (CERN, Switzerland), Michel Chanel (CERN, Switzerland), Håkan Danared (MSL, Sweden), Bernhard Franzke (GSI, Germany), Manfred Grieser (MPI für Kernphysik, Germany), Dieter Habs (LMU München, Germany), Jeffrey Hangst (University of Aarhus, Denmark), Takeshi Katayama (RIKEN/Univ. Tokyo, Japan), H.-Jürgen Kluge (GSI, Germany), Shyh-Yuan Lee (Indiana University, USA), Rudolf Maier (FZ Jülich, Germany), John Marriner (FNAL, USA), Igor Meshkov (JINR, Russia), Dieter Möhl (CERN, Switzerland), Vasily Parkhomchuk (BINP, Russia), Robert Pollock (Indiana University), Dieter Prasuhn (FZ Jülich, Germany), Dag Reistad (TSL, Sweden), John Schiffer (ANL, USA), Andrew Sessler (LBNL, USA), Alexander Skrinsky (BINP, Russia), Markus Steck (GSI, Germany), Jie Wei (BNL, USA), Andreas Wolf (MPI für Kernphysik, Germany), Hongwei Zhao (IMP, People's Rep. of China).

  19. [Discourses on the nursing and psychiatric nurse models, published in the Annals of Nursing (1933-1951)].

    PubMed

    Pereira, Michelle de Macedo; Padilha, Maria Itayra; de Oliveira, Alexandre Barbosa; Santos, Tânia Cristina Franco; Filho, Antonio José de Almeida; Peres, Maria Angélica de Almeida

    2014-06-01

    Social-historical study aimed at discussing the nursing and psychiatric nurse models, from the discourses published in the Annals of Nursing.The historical sources were articles published in the Annals of Nursing journal, from 1933 to 1951. An analysis of the discourse was subsidized by the genealogy of power by Michel Foucault.The analysis showed that the discourse on nursing and the psychiatric nurse, in the first half of the 20th century, is set, on one side, by the propositions used by psychiatrists, who sought to reiterate stereotypes and vocations to practice nursing, and, on the other side, by the active participation of nurses seeking to legitimize expertise for psychiatric nursing. It was concluded that the discourses analyzed defined a psychiatric care focused on the nurse and not the rest of the nursing staff, at that time. PMID:25158460

  20. Mission Specialist Foale gets help suiting up before launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Operations and Checkout Building, STS-103 Mission Specialist C. Michel Foale (Ph.D.) smiles as his launch and entry suit is checked by a suit techician during final launch preparations. Other crew members are Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France. Nicollier and Clervoy are with the European Space Agency. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. After the 8-day, 21-hour mission, Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:30 p.m. EST.