Note: This page contains sample records for the topic general public information from Science.gov.
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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Keeping Public Information Public.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the trend toward the transfer of federal government information from the public domain to the private sector. Topics include free access, privatization, information-policy revision, accountability, copyright issues, costs, pricing, and market needs versus public needs. (LRW)|

Kelley, Wayne P.

1998-01-01

2

Are Information Seekers and Users Among the General Public at a Crossroads?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presently, eating disorders affect millions of people. Today, the media and the Internet are major publishing channels for consumer health information. Much research has found that the media may offer insufficient information on eating disorders. This research examines the quantity of adult consumer health publications on eating disorders in magazine articles and on the Internet in 1998 and investigates the

Feili Tu

2000-01-01

3

Attitudes to the public release of comparative information on the quality of general practice care: qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the attitudes of service users, general practitioners, and clinical governance leads based in primary care trusts to the public dissemination of comparative reports on quality of care in general practice, to guide the policy and practice of public disclosure of information in primary care. Design Qualitative focus group study using mock quality report cards as prompts for discussion. Setting 12 focus groups held in an urban area in north west England and a semirural area in the south of England. Participants 35 service users, 24 general practitioners, and 18 clinical governance leads. Results There was general support for the principle of publishing comparative information, but all three stakeholder groups expressed concerns about the practical implications. Attitudes were strongly influenced by experience of comparative reports from other sectors—for example, school league tables. Service users distrusted what they saw as the political motivation driving the initiative, expressed a desire to “protect” their practices from political and managerial interference, and were uneasy about practices being encouraged to compete against each other. General practitioners focused on the unfairness of drawing comparisons from current data and the risks of “gaming” the results. Clinical governance leads thought that public disclosure would damage their developmental approach to implementing clinical governance. The initial negative response to the quality reports seemed to diminish on reflection. Conclusions Despite support for the principle of greater openness, the planned publication of information about quality of care in general practice is likely to face considerable opposition, not only from professional groups but also from the public. A greater understanding of the practical implications of public reporting is required before the potential benefits can be realised. What is already known on this topicDisclosure of information about quality of care in the NHS has been strongly influenced by the report card movement in the United StatesThis was based largely on hospital data, with no evidence to determine the attitudes of the British public to the publication of quality reports in general practiceWhat this study addsThe public and health professionals are in favour in principle of publishing information about quality in general practice but are concerned about the consequences for themselves, the practices, and the health systemPeople regard public disclosure as a political initiative and are more inclined to trust their own experience or that of friends and family than to trust comparative dataGeneral practitioners perceive comparative reports as a burden, and clinical governance leads are concerned that the reports might damage their facilitative approach to improving quality

Marshall, Martin N; Hiscock, Julia; Sibbald, Bonnie

2002-01-01

4

Is mass media beneficial or not for the information of the general public?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Year of Physics reminds us, among other things, of the way in which Einstein became famous. In spite of all his remarkable scientific results, without the contribution of the press he would not have become so well known in the entire world as he was and continues to be after a century. And he is not the unique example of celebrity due to mass media (see Carl Sagan or Stephen Hawking). In 1969 the first man stepped on the Moon. It was maybe the first cosmic event, which became famous due to a live TV broadcast. Others followed, if we are to mention only the total solar eclipse of 1999 or Venus's transit of last year. Consequently, mass media can make a scientist famous, can also make an event understood and admired and can attract hundreds or maybe millions of people to science. The same mass media can also destroy a personality or an event. We shall give only two examples: the distrust of many people concerning the same Moon landing or the manipulation of millions of people by means of astrology. All this urges us to make a very thorough analysis of the way in which scientific information is communicated to the general public: well done, it can be beneficial; otherwise it may drive the new generations away from research, the understanding of the phenomena, the neglect of the environment and finally from the neglect and the destruction of our own planet.

Stavinschi, M.; Mosoia, C.

2005-11-01

5

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Public information. 518.6 Section... AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT...General Provisions § 518.6 Public information. (a) Public...

2009-07-01

6

The general public's information needs and perceptions regarding hereditary cancer: an application of the Integrated Change Model.  

PubMed

The Integrated Change Model (the I-Change Model) was used to analyse the general public's need and perceptions concerning receiving information on the role of hereditary factors with regard to cancer. The results from a study in 457 Dutch adults showed that 25% correctly indicated the types of cancer where hereditary factors can play a role. Respondents, however, overestimated the role of hereditary factors causing breast cancer. Recognition of warning signs was low, as was the recognition of inheritance patterns. Participants wanted to know the types of cancer with hereditary aspects, how to recognise hereditary cancer in the family, personal risks and the steps to be taken when hereditary predisposition is suspected. The most popular information channels mentioned were leaflets, the general practitioner, and the Internet. Respondents interested in receiving information on heredity and cancer were more often female, had had experiences with hereditary diseases, had more knowledge, perceived more advantages, encountered more social support in seeking information, and had higher levels of self-efficacy. Education should outline the most important facts about hereditary cancer, how to get support, and create realistic expectations of the impact of genetic factors. PMID:15653244

Vries, Hein de; Mesters, Ilse; van de Steeg, Hermanna; Honing, Cora

2005-02-01

7

48 CFR 5.402 - General public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01...402 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION...PLANNING PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Release of Information 5.402 General...

2011-10-01

8

7 CFR 800.8 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GENERAL REGULATIONS Administration § 800.8 Public information. ...been denied, for public inspection and copying...Packers and Stockyards Administration, at 14th Street...C. 20250. The public may request...

2013-01-01

9

General Public Notification for Public Water Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Handbook is for owners, operators, and managers of public water systems, and discusses federal public notification regulations. Public water systems are required to comply with the federal regulations from the effective date of the rule (April 28, 198...

1989-01-01

10

Public information officers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criminal justice Public Information Officers (PIOs) are a unique criminal justice specialty and key gatekeepers in the production of crime and justice information. The findings of a 1998 survey of the Florida PIO professional association members and nonmembers are reported. The results show that a typical PIO is a middle-aged, sworn, college-educated male. PIOs have also shifted away from criminal

Ray Surette

2001-01-01

11

AIDS PUBLIC INFORMATION DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The AIDS Public Information Data Set is computer software designed to run on a Microsoft Windows microcomputer, and contains information abstracted from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases reported in the United States. The data set is created by the Division of HIV/A...

12

48 CFR 3005.402 - General public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...General public. 3005.402 Section 3005.402 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND SECURITY ACQUISITION REGULATION (HSAR) ACQUISITION PLANNING PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Release...

2011-10-01

13

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2010-04-01

14

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2009-04-01

15

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2013-04-01

16

An Assessment of School System and Mass Media Sources of Information on the Relationships of Generalized Exchange Perceptions to Voter Support for Public Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Support for school taxes is difficult to obtain. Many voters are without public school students, have little contact with schools, and depend on mass media for information. Prior research indicates perceptions affecting voter support include: (1) community benefits of public schools, (2) system performance, (3) tax equity and (4) social responsibility. Using data from a survey of registered voters with

Kimball P. Marshall; William S. Piper; Lisa Micich

2002-01-01

17

40 CFR Banking - General Information  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false General Information Banking Averaging, Banking and Trading (ABT) Program Protection of Environment...at 67 FR 40183, June 12, 2002] Averaging, Banking and Trading (ABT) ProgramâGeneral...

2010-07-01

18

36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Published...a) General. Copies of information material...informational materials include press releases, pamphlets...public without cost as part of a public information program...indexes required by the Freedom of Information Act...

2012-07-01

19

36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Published...a) General. Copies of information material...informational materials include press releases, pamphlets...public without cost as part of a public information program...indexes required by the Freedom of Information Act...

2011-07-01

20

General solar energy information user study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on general solar energy are presented. These results identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. Results from 13 groups of respondents are analyzed: loan officers, real estate appraisers, tax assessors, insurers, lawyers, utility respresentatives, public interest group representatives, information and agricultural representatives, public interest group representatives, information and agricultural specialists at state cooperative extension service offices, and state energy office representatives. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

Belew, W. W.; Wood, B. L.; Marle, T. L.; Reinhardt, C. L.

1981-03-01

21

48 CFR 1205.402 - General public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01...402 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ACQUISITION...PLANNING PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Release of Information 1205.402...

2011-10-01

22

Public health information infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public health infrastructure is a set of agencies and organizations whose mission is to create the environment in which we can be healthy. This broadest of definitions includes state and local health departments, selected federal agencies, and a wide range of other governmental, nonprofit, and for-profit agencies and organizations. This report will limit itself to state and local health

JOEL L. NITZKIN; CHRISTOPHER BUTTERY

2008-01-01

23

Informational Privacy, Public Health, and State Laws  

PubMed Central

Developments in information technology that make it possible to rapidly transmit health information also raise questions about the possible inappropriate use and protection of identifiable (or potentially identifiable) personal health information. Despite efforts to improve state laws, adoption of provisions has lagged. We found that half of states have no statutes addressing nondisclosure of personally identifiable health information generally held by public health agencies. Exceptional treatment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, or tuberculosis-related information was common. Where other provisions were found, there was little consistency in the laws across states. The variation in state laws supports the need to build consensus on the appropriate use and disclosure of public health information among public health practitioners.

Matthews, Gene

2011-01-01

24

Informational privacy, public health, and state laws.  

PubMed

Developments in information technology that make it possible to rapidly transmit health information also raise questions about the possible inappropriate use and protection of identifiable (or potentially identifiable) personal health information. Despite efforts to improve state laws, adoption of provisions has lagged. We found that half of states have no statutes addressing nondisclosure of personally identifiable health information generally held by public health agencies. Exceptional treatment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, or tuberculosis-related information was common. Where other provisions were found, there was little consistency in the laws across states. The variation in state laws supports the need to build consensus on the appropriate use and disclosure of public health information among public health practitioners. PMID:21852633

O'Connor, Jean; Matthews, Gene

2011-08-18

25

48 CFR 2905.402 - General public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ACQUISITION...PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Release Of Information 2905.402...request. (b) Any request for release of information is subject...

2011-10-01

26

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination and concurrence. (a) General . All NASA employees involved...

2012-01-01

27

Lost Public Opinion: the 1964 Surgeon General''s Report on Smoking and American Public Opinion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political scientists pay too little attention to the role that government can play in influencing public opinion. This paper examines the single most dramatic instance of public opinion leadership on a prominent health care issue: the 1964 Surgeon General's report on smoking, and its impact on American public opinion, using an analysis of nationwide poll shifts over time. Comparisons are

Thomas Marshall

28

Homelessness: A General Information Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet contains documents that provide general information about homelessness and the need for both Federal and local action to help the homeless people in America. Sections 1 and 2 contain the following articles released by the Homelessness Information Exchange: (1) "The Problem of Homelessness Nationwide"; and "Alternative Family Housing…

Homelessness Exchange, Washington, DC.

29

WHAT IS A PUBLIC INFORMATION SYSTEM?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public information systems are information systems available for public use. There are public information systems both in the public sector and in the private sector, and both citizens and businesses may be users of such systems. Public information systems are analysed from several perspectives as regards users and usages, data contents, and technical, organisational, and legal aspects. Some proposals concerning

BO SUNDGREN

2005-01-01

30

General solar energy information user study  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on general solar energy. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. The report is 1 of 10 discussing study results. The overall study provides baseline data about information needs in the solar community. An earlier study identified the information user groups in the solar community and the priority (to accelerate solar energy commercialization) of getting information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 13 groups of respondents are analyzed in this report: Loan Officers, Real Estate Appraisers, Tax Assessors, Insurers, Lawyers, Utility Representatives, Public Interest Group Representatives, Information and Agricultural Representatives, Public Interest Group Representatives, Information and Agricultural Specialists at State Cooperative Extension Service Offices, and State Energy Office Representatives. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1981-03-01

31

Public policymaking and research information  

PubMed Central

The public policymaking process presents behavior analysts with opportunities to shape public policy and influence decisions that affect the evolution of communities. Although the scientist-advocate's role in public policymaking has received increased attention, little attention has been given to behavioral analyses of the policymaking context. This paper describes the stages of policymaking, including agenda formation, policy adoption, policy implementation, and policy review. It also analyzes seven types of research information important in agenda formation and policy adoption—information about the dimensions of an issue, number of people affected, relative standing of an issue, interests of those involved, controlling variables, program alternatives, and program acceptability. Methods for communicating research information to policymakers are discussed.

Seekins, Tom; Fawcett, Stephen B.

1986-01-01

32

THE PUBLIC OPINION INFORMATION THAT POLITICIANS COLLECT AND USE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are the decisions of American policymakers informed by general trends in the public's ideology or by the public's policy-specific preferences? In this article we discuss two explanations for the types of public opinion information that politicians collect and use. Using a unique data set of private polls from the White House of Richard Nixon, we find that when opinion data

JAMES N. DRUCKMAN; LAWRENCE R. JACOBS

33

44 CFR 5.20 - Publication of rules and general policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Publication of rules and general policies. 5...PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION Publication of or Availability of General Agency...and Similar Material § 5.20 Publication of rules and general...

2012-10-01

34

ROMANSE Public Transport Information Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ROMANSE is multi-million pound pilot project based in Southampton. It aims to use Advanced Transport Telematics (ATT) to develop the city as a model for transport management systems across Europe. ROMANSE achieves this by providing realtime traffic and travel information to influence travel behaviour, increase the use of public transport, maximize the efficiency of the transport system and provide high-quality information for use in strategic policy decisions.

Brown, Steven

35

45 CFR 1180.48 - General conditions on publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false General conditions on publications. 1180.48 Section 1180.48...Conditions Which Must Be Met by a Grantee Publications and Copyrights § 1180.48 General conditions on publications. (a) Content of...

2012-10-01

36

34 CFR 75.620 - General conditions on publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false General conditions on publication. 75.620 Section 75.620 Education...Conditions Must Be Met by a Grantee? Publications and Copyrights § 75.620 General conditions on publication. (a) Content of...

2013-07-01

37

45 CFR 1180.48 - General conditions on publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false General conditions on publications. 1180.48 Section 1180.48...Conditions Which Must Be Met by a Grantee Publications and Copyrights § 1180.48 General conditions on publications. (a) Content of...

2011-10-01

38

Radiation risk perception and public information  

SciTech Connect

We as Health Physicists face what, at many times, appears to be a hopeless task. The task simply stated is informing the public about the risks (or lack thereof) of radiation. Unfortunately, the public has perceived radiation risks to be much greater than they actually are. An example of this problem is shown in a paper by Arthur C. Upton. Three groups of people -- the League of Women Voters, students, and Business and Professional Club members -- were asked to rank 30 sources of risk according to their contribution to the number of deaths in the United States. Not surprisingly, they ranked nuclear power much higher and medical x-rays much lower than the actual values. In addition to the perception problem, we are faced with another hurdle: health physicists as communicators. Members of the Health Physics Society (HPS) found that the communication styles of most health physicists appear to be dissimilar to those of the general public. These authors administered the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator to the HPS Baltimore-Washington Chapter. This test, a standardized test for psychological type developed by Isabel Myers, ask questions that provide a quantitative measure of our natural preferences in four areas. Assume that you as a health physicist have the necessary skills to communicate information about radiation to the public. Health physicists do nothing with these tools. Most people involved in radiation protection do not get involved with public information activies. What I will attempt to do is heighten your interest in such activities. I will share information about public information activities in which I have been involved and give you suggestions for sources of information and materials. 2 refs., 1 tab.

Boggs-Mayes, C.J.

1988-01-01

39

Mixed strategy under generalized public goods games.  

PubMed

The relationship between group's contribution and public goods produced often exhibits nonlinearity, which constitutes the generalized public goods game. Far less attention has been paid to how the mixed strategy evolves in such generalized games. Here, we study the effects of nonlinear production functions on the evolution of the mixed strategy in finite populations for the first time. When the group size and the population size are comparable, cooperation is doomed irrespective of the production function. Otherwise, nonlinear production functions may induce a convergent evolutionary stable strategy (CESS) or a repeller, but cannot yield the evolutionary branching. Moreover, we particularly consider three representative families of production functions, intriguingly which all display the hysteresis effect. For two families of production functions including concave and convex curves, a unique CESS or a unique repeller may occur even if the group size is two. Whereas for the third class encompassing symmetrically sigmoidal and inverse sigmoidal curves, the coexistence of a CESS and a repeller only occurs if group size is above two, and two saddle-node bifurcations appear. Our work includes some evidently different results by comparing with the evolution of continuous investment or binary strategy. PMID:23702332

Zhang, Yanling; Wu, Te; Chen, Xiaojie; Xie, Guangming; Wang, Long

2013-05-20

40

7 CFR 868.11 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Public information. 868.11 Section...INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD ADMINISTRATION (FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE...Regulations Administration § 868.11 Public information. (a)...

2013-01-01

41

Information Services and Publications of the FCC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide range of information services and publications are provided by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to inform the public of its activities. Services include daily news releases and a Public Reference Room where broadcast applications, station records, and Commission hearing proceedings are available for inspection. Publications

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

42

Public Information for Water Pollution Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is a handbook for water pollution control personnel to guide them towards a successful public relations program. This handbook was written to incorporate the latest methods of teaching basic public information techniques to the non-professional in this area. Contents include: (1) a rationale for a public information program; (2)…

Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington, DC.

43

Public Libraries Section. Libraries Serving General Public Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on public libraries, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "The Role of Public Libraries in Developing Countries with Particular Reference to the Gambia" by Sally P. C. N'Jie (The Gambia); (2) "Public Libraries in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG)" by Friedrich…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

44

Using health information exchange to improve public health.  

PubMed

Public health relies on data reported by health care partners, and information technology makes such reporting easier than ever. However, data are often structured according to a variety of different terminologies and formats, making data interfaces complex and costly. As one strategy to address these challenges, health information organizations (HIOs) have been established to allow secure, integrated sharing of clinical information among numerous stakeholders, including clinical partners and public health, through health information exchange (HIE). We give detailed descriptions of 11 typical cases in which HIOs can be used for public health purposes. We believe that HIOs, and HIE in general, can improve the efficiency and quality of public health reporting, facilitate public health investigation, improve emergency response, and enable public health to communicate information to the clinical community. PMID:21330598

Shapiro, Jason S; Mostashari, Farzad; Hripcsak, George; Soulakis, Nicholas; Kuperman, Gilad

2011-02-17

45

39 CFR 965.14 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO MAIL DISPUTES § 965.14 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2013-07-01

46

39 CFR 952.33 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO FALSE REPRESENTATION AND LOTTERY ORDERS § 952.33 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final agency...

2013-07-01

47

39 CFR 959.30 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE PRIVATE EXPRESS STATUTES § 959.30 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final...

2013-07-01

48

39 CFR 954.25 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.25 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial and final Agency...

2013-07-01

49

39 CFR 957.26 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION FROM CONTRACTING § 957.26 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service shall maintain for public inspection in the Library copies of all final decisions. The Recorder...

2013-07-01

50

21 CFR 20.81 - Data and information previously disclosed to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...SERVICES GENERAL PUBLIC INFORMATION Limitations...disclosed to the public. (a) Any Food and Drug Administration record that is otherwise exempt from public disclosure...

2013-04-01

51

40 CFR 141.201 - General public notification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) NATIONAL PRIMARY DRINKING WATER REGULATIONS Public Notification of Drinking Water Violations § 141.201 General...violations of national primary drinking water regulations (NPDWR) and...

2013-07-01

52

A comparison of Canadian general pediatric dosing publications.  

PubMed

A comparison of the general pediatric dosing guidelines published in Canada was conducted. Institutions that publish pediatric dosing guidelines as a separate publication or as part of the hospital formulary were mailed a survey of questions to describe their publication. Publications that met the inclusion criteria were evaluated using 12 assessment criteria: approval or submissions by medical specialty groups, drug inclusion, dosing guidelines, dosing in organ failure, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic parameters, therapeutic guidelines, intravenous and oral administration guidelines, adverse drug reactions/drug interactions, referencing, drug acquisition costs, organization and readability. Four Canadian pediatric centres satisfied the criteria for publishing general pediatric dosing guidelines. These were reviewed by the process of formulary selection (in alphabetical order by city): Formulary of Drugs and Dosing Manual (Halifax), Formulary of Drugs (Toronto), Drug Dosage Guidelines and Formulary (Vancouver), and Pediatric Drug Dosage Handbook (Winnipeg). Dosing guidelines from published pediatric drug trials have been collated with institutional experience and historical practice to produce a practical source of pediatric dosing information. PMID:14506508

Dayneka, Natalie

2003-01-01

53

Paediatric oncology information pack for general practitioners  

PubMed Central

An information pack covering important aspects of paediatric oncology has been developed for general practitioners. Sixty general practitioners who received the information pack found that it helped them in managing children with neoplastic disease and their families. The pack has also improved communications between the oncology unit and general practitioners. Similar packs could be produced by paediatricians working in other specialties.

James, J A; Harris, D J; Mott, M G; Oakhill, A

1988-01-01

54

Information Dissemination in the Public Health Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper reviews the literature on information dissemination activities and describes several information dissemination activities sponsored by Public Health Services (PHS) agencies and institutes including the following: (1) Depression/Awareness, Recogn...

1991-01-01

55

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...activities, records requested through public information channels by news media representatives that would not be withheld if requested...Prompt responses to requests for information from news media representatives should be encouraged to...

2013-07-01

56

Conceptualizing European Public Spheres. General, Segmented and Strong Publics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of post-national democracy in Europe depends on the development of an overarching communicative space that functions as a public sphere, viz., a common room created by speakers who are discussing common affairs in front of an audience. This is a place where opinions ideally are formed and changed according to a communicative mode or interaction. The point of

Erik O. Eriksen

2004-01-01

57

Automobile Service Information in the Public Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Advocates providing automobile repair and service information in public libraries, and discusses collection development issues, reference services, and problems in making repair manuals available. Describes the collection and services for patrons in Tacoma Public Library and results of a survey of other public libraries holding automobile repair…

Pankl, Robert R.

1992-01-01

58

American Nuclear Society public information activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for professional action to provide public information by each ; American Nuclear Society (ANS) member is based on our current domestic and ; international energy-related problems. Selected history of public information ; since the founding of the ANS through to its current activities provides a focus ; for future communication needs. Future efforts must be concentrated on key

Witzig

1975-01-01

59

Should Smallpox Vaccine be Made Available to the General Public?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June 2002, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) approved draft recommendations concerning preparation for potential biological terror attacks that utilize the smallpox virus. ACIP recommends against both mandatory and voluntary vaccination of the general public. The present paper examines the moral and political considerations both for and against each of the general public vaccination options considered by the

Thomas May; Ross D. Silverman

2003-01-01

60

Educating the public: information or persuasion?  

PubMed

Beliefs form a major component of public attitudes, and attitudes have a role in determining how people behave as consumers and as citizens. Their behavior in turn affects the commercial viability and even the sustainability of animal industries. Beliefs are subjective facts, that is, matters that individuals consider to be true. The process of informing the community necessarily involves changing beliefs and, to this extent, persuasion. Education strategies relating to welfare issues depend on the target group and the desired outcome. Target groups include farmers, post-farm gatekeepers including transport drivers and abattoir workers, carers of companion animals, legislators and regulators, retailers, and the general community. These target groups may not be homogeneous, but each nevertheless has identifiable needs for knowledge and skills relevant to welfare. The approach that is likely to be most effective is to provide appropriately targeted dispassionate and factual information to the community. In this way, when debates about animal welfare occur, all the stakeholders--including animal-rights groups, retailers, farmers, legislators, and regulators--who are involved in the debate are more likely to produce good outcomes if discussion is based on a shared understanding of what current practices are and what science can reveal about welfare. Given that the mass media are the preferred source of information, the use of science-based media coverage and informed ethical debate is likely to have the best effect, albeit over a fairly long time frame. PMID:20378883

Coleman, Grahame John

2010-01-01

61

Bonuses and Non-Public Information in Publicly Traded Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research in accounting explores how firms use “individual” or “non-financial” measures of performance in executive compensation contracts. We model a firm that conditions bonus payments to executives on information that is not available to those outside the firm. This raises two issues. First, market participants may use the magnitude of such payments to infer the non-public information. Second, because

Rachel M. Hayes; Scott Schaefer

2005-01-01

62

The Public Life of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The mid-twentieth century marked a shift in Americans' fundamental orientation toward information. Rather than news or knowledge, information became a disembodied quantum--strings of ones and zeros processed, increasingly, by complex machines. This dissertation examines how Americans became acquainted with "information", as newly conceived by…

Rowe, Josh

2011-01-01

63

Federal Information Processing Standards Publication: Dictionary for Information Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication adopts X3/TR-1, American National Dictionary for Information Processing, which provides a common reference within the Federal Government for terms and definitions used in such information processing activities as the representation, commu...

J. Walkowicz

1977-01-01

64

Public Information and the Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addition to serving the intellectual, the arty, the scholar, the housewife, and children, the library must take positive steps to update its public relations (PR) posture if it is to reach the great mass of the population who currently feel the library is not for them. The many and varied approaches possible in a good PR program include: (1) a…

Missouri State Library, Jefferson City.

65

Novel Methods for Communicating Plasma Science to the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The broader implications of Plasma Science remains an elusive topic that the general public rarely discusses, regardless of their relevance to energy, the environment, and technology. Recently, we have looked beyond print media for methods to reach large numbers of people in creative and informative ways. These have included video, art, images, and music. For example, our submission to the ``What is a Flame?'' contest was ranked in the top 15 out of 800 submissions. Images of plasmas have won 3 out of 5 of the Princeton University ``Art of Science'' competitions. We use a plasma speaker to teach students of all ages about sound generation and plasma physics. We report on the details of each of these and future videos and animations under development.

Zwicker, Andrew; Merali, Aliya; Wissel, S. A.; Delooper, John

2012-10-01

66

21 CFR 880.6260 - Filtering facepiece respirator for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies. 880.6260 Section...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL...for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies. (a)...

2013-04-01

67

Hepatitis Information for the Public  

MedlinePLUS

... hepatitis. Hepatitis A Hepatitis A is an acute liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A virus (HAV), lasting ... More Information Hepatitis B Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). It ...

68

Sailor: Maryland's Online Public Information Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sailor - Maryland's Information Network - provides general Maryland government information and a wide variety of Internet jump-points. The gopher is run by the Pratt Free Library and also has local dialup numbers in Maryland.

1999-01-01

69

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the area is designated under section 1424(e),...

2010-07-01

70

39 CFR 963.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO VIOLATIONS OF THE PANDERING ADVERTISEMENTS STATUTE, 39 U.S.C. 3008 § 963.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains...

2013-07-01

71

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the area is designated under section 1424(e), Federal agencies,...

2012-07-01

72

39 CFR 964.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GOVERNING DISPOSITION OF MAIL WITHHELD FROM DELIVERY PURSUANT TO 39 U.S.C. 3003, 3004 § 964.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2013-07-01

73

Transforming The Public Health Information Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: The public health information infrastructure is undergoing,a transformation that is enabled,by changes,in health care informatics. The implementation,of the Health In- surance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996, the patient medical record infor- mation standards, and National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) recommendations by the National Committee,on Vital and Health Statistics provide the basis for improved data reporting to public

John R. Lumpkin; Margaret S. Richards

2002-01-01

74

General Public Space Travel and Tourism, Volume 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Space Transportation Association and NASA conducted a General Public Space Travel study between 1996 and 1998. During the study, a workshop was held at Georgetown University. Participants included representatives from the travel, aerospace, and constr...

D. C. ONeil

1999-01-01

75

13. Photocopy of lithograph (from General Services Administration, Public Buildings ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Photocopy of lithograph (from General Services Administration, Public Buildings Service) Delineator and date unknown SOUTH FRONT AND EAST SIDE - Post Office & Customs House, Ninth & Locust, Eighth & Olive Streets, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

76

Public attitudes to genomic science: an experiment in information provision.  

PubMed

We use an experimental panel study design to investigate the effect of providing "value-neutral" information about genomic science in the form of a short film to a random sample of the British public. We find little evidence of attitude change as a function of information provision. However, our results show that information provision significantly increased dropout from the study amongst less educated respondents. Our findings have implications both for our understanding of the knowledge-attitude relationship in public opinion toward genomic science and for science communication more generally. PMID:20533796

Sturgis, Patrick; Brunton-Smith, Ian; Fife-Schaw, Chris

2010-03-01

77

General Information Processing System: (GIPSY). Application Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The application description is directed to those desiring to acquaint themselves with the characteristics of the General Information Processing System (GIPSY). It provides guidelines and aids for the preparation and use of the system, and covers such area...

C. H. Addison

1969-01-01

78

11 CFR 9428.3 - General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 9428.3 Federal Elections ELECTION ASSISTANCE COMMISSION NATIONAL VOTER REGISTRATION ACT (42 U.S.C. 1973gg-1 et seq.) National Mail Voter Registration Form § 9428.3 General information. (a) The national mail voter...

2013-01-01

79

11 CFR 9428.3 - General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 9428.3 Federal Elections ELECTION ASSISTANCE COMMISSION NATIONAL VOTER REGISTRATION ACT (42 U.S.C. 1973gg-1 et seq.) National Mail Voter Registration Form § 9428.3 General information. (a) The national mail voter...

2012-01-01

80

POLITICS, PUBLIC BADS, AND PRIVATE INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preferential treatment for politically influential sectors often has undesired consequences such as increasing pollution or ecosystem degradation. Private information on firm produc- tivity constrains the government's ability both to redistribute income and regulate public bad production. Given political economy and information constraints, this article characterizes a social-welfare maximizing policy. The optimal policy uses a single instrument to achieve both goals,

Glenn Sheriff

81

Improving Information Access for Public Health Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fundamental to our protection against biological weapons and the detection of disease outbreaks is the need to strengthen our surveillance systems. Improved electronic communications between local, state, and federal public health agencies provide a way for health officials to share information on unusual disease outbreaks and provide important health alert information. This article describes a model of a partnership between

Sharon Telleen; Elaine Martin

2002-01-01

82

Environmental Programs Information: Affecting Kansas Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a brief overview of the environmental issues that affect Kansas public schools. Specific programs that address these problems are included, along with their contact information. This document contains information on the following issues and programs: (1) Department of Health and Environment; (2) air; (3) asbestos; (4)…

Kansas State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

83

Environmental Programs Information: Affecting Kansas Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides a brief overview of the environmental issues that affect Kansas public schools. Specific programs that address these problems are included, along with their contact information. This document contains information on the following issues and programs: (1) Department of Health and Environment; (2) air; (3) asbestos; (4)…

Kansas State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

84

75 FR 32158 - Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card AGENCY: Forest Service...approved information collection, SRS Publications Evaluation Card. DATES: Comments...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: SRS Publications Evaluation Card. OMB Number:...

2010-06-07

85

The General Information Processing System (Gipsy).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper describes the General Information Processing System, a computer program designed to serve a variety of information processing applications. An input deck to the program is composed of a data base and a description of the processing tasks to be p...

J. D. Cooper

1969-01-01

86

9 CFR 88.2 - General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PRODUCTS COMMERCIAL TRANSPORTATION OF EQUINES FOR SLAUGHTER § 88.2 General information...individual or other entity found to transport equines for slaughter is subject to the regulations...individual or other entity who transported the equines information regarding the business...

2013-01-01

87

Advancing Public Health Obesity Policy Through State Attorneys General  

PubMed Central

Obesity in the United States exacts a heavy health and financial toll, requiring new approaches to address this public health crisis. State attorneys general have been underutilized in efforts to formulate and implement food and obesity policy solutions. Their authority lies at the intersection of law and public policy, creating unique opportunities unavailable to other officials and government entities. Attorneys general have a broad range of authority over matters specifically relevant to obesity and nutrition policy, including parens patriae (parent of the country) authority, protecting consumer interests, enacting and supporting rules and regulations, working together across states, engaging in consumer education, and drafting opinions and amicus briefs. Significant room exists for greater attorney general involvement in formulating and championing solutions to public health problems such as obesity.

Brownell, Kelly D.

2011-01-01

88

Integrating open-source technologies to build low-cost information systems for improved access to public health data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective public health practice relies on the availability of public health data sources and assessment tools to convey information to investigators, practitioners, policy makers, and the general public. Emerging communication technologies on the Internet can deliver all components of the \\

Qian Yi; Richard E Hoskins; Elizabeth A Hillringhouse; Svend S Sorensen; Mark W Oberle; Sherrilynne S Fuller; James C Wallace

2008-01-01

89

10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Public information forums. 903...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power and...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums....

2013-01-01

90

MEASURING POPULATION HAPPINESS TO INFORM PUBLIC POLICY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows how the measurement of population happiness can inform public policy. In this context happiness refers to mood happiness, commonly referred to as Subjective Wellbeing (SWB). The essential character of SWB is that it is normally positive. It is held to be positive by a management system called SWB Homeostasis. If this management system fails, due to the

ROBERT A. CUMMINS

2009-01-01

91

The Value of Public Information in Monopoly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The logic of the linkage principle of Milgrom and Weber (1982) extends to price discrimination. A non-linear pricing monopolist who sells to a single buyer always prefers to commit to publicly reveal information a¢liated to the valuation of the buyer.

Marco Ottavianiy; Andrea Prat

2001-01-01

92

The Value of Public Information in Monopoly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The logic of the linkage principle of Milgrom and Weber (1982) extends to price discrimination. A non-linear pricing monopolist who sells to a single buyer always prefers to commit to publicly reveal information affiliated to the valuation of the buyer.

Marco Ottaviani; Andrea Prat

2000-01-01

93

30 CFR 582.5 - Disclosure of data and information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General § 582.5 Disclosure of data and information to the public. (a) The Director shall make data, information, and samples available in accordance with...part 2). (b) Geophysical data, processed G&G...

2013-07-01

94

30 CFR 282.5 - Disclosure of data and information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General § 282.5 Disclosure of data and information to the public. (a) The Director shall make data, information, and samples available in accordance with...part 2). (b) Geophysical data, processed G&G...

2013-07-01

95

Publicity, Privacy, and Permanence of Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The quantum principles of superposition and entanglement have led to a recasting of the foundations of information and computation theory, and are especially helpful in understanding the nature of privacy. The most private information, exemplified by a quantum eraser experiment, is best regarded as existing only conditionally and temporarily-after the experiment is over no trace remains. Less private is classically-secret information-quantum information that has decohered, and thus become recoverable in principle, though not in practice, from portions of the environment. Finally there is public information, which has been replicated so thoroughly throughout the environment as to be infeasible to conceal. The Internet has caused an explosion of public information, with the beneficial side effect of making it harder for despots to rewrite the history of their misdeeds, and it is tempting to hope that all macroscopic information is permanent, making such cover-ups impossible in principle if not in practice. However, by comparing entropy flows into and out of the Earth with estimates of the planet's storage capacity, we conclude that most macroscopic information-for example the pattern of sand grains on an ancient beach-is impermanent, in the sense of becoming irrecoverable in principle from the Earth though still recorded in the Universe.

Bennett, Charles H.

2006-11-01

96

Mands for Information Generalize across Establishing Operations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study extends the literature on teaching mands for information by assessing whether mands generalize across different establishing operations (EOs). Three children with autism were taught to perform multiple behavior chains, 3 of which included a common response (e.g., "Where is the spoon?") used for different purposes. An…

Lechago, Sarah A.; Carr, James E.; Grow, Laura L.; Love, Jessa R.; Almason, Season M.

2010-01-01

97

Open Mind Common Sense: Knowledge Acquisition from the General Public  

Microsoft Academic Search

Open Mind Common Sense is a knowledge acquisition system de- signed to acquire commonsense knowledge from the general public over the web. We describe and evaluate our first fielded system, which enabled the construction of a 450,000 assertion commonsense knowledge base. We then discuss how our second-generation system addresses weaknesses discovered in the first. The new system acquires facts, descriptions,

Push Singh; Thomas Lin; Erik T. Mueller; Grace Lim; Travell Perkins; Wan Li Zhu

2002-01-01

98

Public information, dissemination, and behavior analysis  

PubMed Central

Behavior analysts have become increasingly concerned about inaccuracies and misconceptions in the public, educational, and professional information portraying their activities, but have done little to correct these views. The present paper has two purposes in this regard. First, the paper describes some of the conditions that have given rise to these concerns. Second, and more important, the paper surveys various procedures and programs for the dissemination of public information that may correct inaccuracies and misconceptions. Special consideration is also given to issues involving (a) the assessment of the problem, (b) the content and means of dissemination, (c) the possible contributions of behavior analysts to current misunderstandings, and (d) relationships between behavior analysts and the media. The dissemination of accurate and unbiased information constitutes an important new undertaking for behavior analysis. The future of the field may depend in part on such activity.

Morris, Edward K.

1985-01-01

99

49 CFR 38.121 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.121 Section 38...Systems § 38.121 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2011-10-01

100

49 CFR 38.87 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.87 Section 38...Systems § 38.87 Public information system. (a) Each vehicle shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2011-10-01

101

49 CFR 38.103 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.103 Section 38...Systems § 38.103 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2011-10-01

102

49 CFR 8.27 - Public availability of declassified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public availability of declassified information. 8.27 Section 8.27 Transportation...Secretary of Transportation CLASSIFIED INFORMATION: CLASSIFICATION/DECLASSIFICATION/ACCESS Access to Information § 8.27 Public availability...

2011-10-01

103

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2009-10-01

104

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2010-10-01

105

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Public information policy. 294.201 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION The Public Information Function § 294.201...

2013-01-01

106

1 CFR 15.10 - Information on drafting and publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Information on drafting and publication...PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS SERVICES TO...Assistance § 15.10 Information on drafting and publication...distribute to agencies, information and instructions...

2012-01-01

107

Medical informed consent: general considerations for physicians.  

PubMed

Medical informed consent is essential to the physician's ability to diagnose and treat patients as well as the patient's right to accept or reject clinical evaluation, treatment, or both. Medical informed consent should be an exchange of ideas that buttresses the patient-physician relationship. The consent process should be the foundation of the fiduciary relationship between a patient and a physician. Physicians must recognize that informed medical choice is an educational process and has the potential to affect the patient-physician alliance to their mutual benefit. Physicians must give patients equality in the covenant by educating them to make informed choices. When physicians and patients take medical informed consent seriously, the patient-physician relationship becomes a true partnership with shared decision-making authority and responsibility for outcomes. Physicians need to understand informed medical consent from an ethical foundation, as codified by statutory law in many states, and from a generalized common-law perspective requiring medical practice consistent with the standard of care. It is fundamental to the patient-physician relationship that each partner understands and accepts the degree of autonomy the patient desires in the decision-making process. PMID:18315998

Paterick, Timothy J; Carson, Geoff V; Allen, Marjorie C; Paterick, Timothy E

2008-03-01

108

How can a research library support the communication of science to the general public?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How can an observatory library support the communication of science to the general public? We will describe how a highly specialised astronomical library can also play a key role in disseminating astronomical knowledge, making scientific results available across a wide range of levels, from professional to public to educational. This outreach activity requires several steps, ranging from the preliminary identification and scrutiny of sources to the production of new information material (e.g. maps, brochures, and DVDs). In particular, we will describe some recent experiences in the dissemination of astronomical information to the general public, especially teachers and children, analysing some results of this activity, such as a bibliography of Italian Astronomical Books for Children, a review of scientific books and other multimedia products.

Brunetti, F.; Gasperini, A.

2008-06-01

109

Attitudes to biotechnology: Estimating the opinions of a better-informed public  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public familiarity with basic scientific concepts and principles has been proposed as essential for effective democratic decision-making (Miller, 1998). Empirical research, however, finds that public ‘scientific literacy’ is generally low, falling well short of what normative criteria would consider ‘acceptable’. This has prompted calls to better engage, educate and inform the public on scientific matters, with the additional, usually implicit

Patrick Sturgis; Helen Cooper; Chris Fife-schaw

2005-01-01

110

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

This circular provides information on shipment of spent fuel subject to regulation by US NRC. It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirement of general interest, a summary of data for 1979-1995 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

NONE

1996-07-01

111

75 FR 76393 - Notice of Request for a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...including any personal information, to http...For Additional Information: Contact John...Room 6065, South Building, Washington...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System (PHIS)....

2010-12-08

112

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.35 Section 38.35 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system. (a) Vehicles in excess of 22...

2011-10-01

113

DETERMINING LACK OF INFORMATION ABOUT PUBLIC TRANSIT SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most preferred method for solving urban traffic problems is supporting the public transit systems. For this reason, enough information about the system should be offered to potential users. Lack of information about public transit system causes delays, dissatisfaction and passing to other transportation modes. In this study, two public surveys were made among public bus system users at city

Safak BILGIC; Polat YALINIZ

114

78 FR 10174 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [Notice-MV-2013-02...2013-0002; Sequence 3] Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2012 Service...General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice of Public Availability...

2013-02-13

115

77 FR 5253 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [Notice-MV-2012-01...2012-0002; Sequence 3] Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2011 Service...General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice of public availability...

2012-02-02

116

76 FR 5375 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [2011-MV-1...Sequence 4] Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2010 Service...General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION...to advise the public of the...

2011-01-31

117

77 FR 54917 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2012 Federal Activities Inventory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION [Notice-MV-2012-02...Sequence 14] Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2012 Federal...General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice of Public Availability...

2012-09-06

118

General public health considerations for responding to animal hoarding cases.  

PubMed

Animal hoarding is an under-recognized problem that exists in most communities and adversely impacts the health, welfare, and safety of humans, animals, and the environment. These guidelines address public health and worker safety concerns in handling situations where animal hoarding or other dense concentrations of animals have caused unhealthy and unsafe conditions. Because animal hoarding situations are often complex, a full response is likely to be prolonged and require a cross-jurisdictional multiagency effort. Each animal hoarding case has unique circumstances related to the types and numbers of animals involved, the physical structure(s) where they are being kept, and the health status of the animals, among other factors that must be taken into account in planning a response. Some general public health considerations and associated recommendations for personal protective equipment use are presented that apply to all cases, however. PMID:20235404

Castrodale, Louisa; Bellay, Yvonne M; Brown, Catherine M; Cantor, Fredric L; Gibbins, John D; Headrick, Marcia L; Leslie, Mira J; MacMahon, Kathleen; O'Quin, Jeanette M; Patronek, Gary J; Silva, Rodrigo A; Wright, James C; Yu, Diana T

2010-03-01

119

History and Significance of Information Systems and Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public health information management has been an important aspect of protecting the health of the public since prehistoric times. Public health practice has used currently available science in mathematics, chemistry, and biology to carry out its mission. In the last 200 years, public health has made dramatic advances. Building on discoveries in other fields, public health has constructed a unique

JOHN R. LUMPKIN

120

Public health nursing in Ireland: the general practitioners' view.  

PubMed

Present health policy in Ireland is directed towards a shift in emphasis from the provision of services on a hospital inpatient basis to a community or outpatient basis. This study set out to elicit views of general practitioners (GPs) in relation to the home visiting activities of the nursing services in the community. Of the thirty-five (76%) GPs whose questionnaires were included in the analysis, 88% were satisfied with the quality of nursing services provided by the public health nurse (PHN) but were dissatisfied with access to service (37%), out of hours service (48%) and communication with PHNs (25%). Eight GPs had contact with public health nurses on a weekly basis, 11 had contact monthly and 14 had contact three monthly or less frequently. For chronic conditions requiring dressings, over 70% of GPs refer to the PHN and when given a choice, 25% of GPs would refer these conditions to a registered general nurse (RGN). Care by an RGN or nurses' aide for conditions such as monitoring of vital signs, continence care and administration of enemas, was found acceptable by 50% of GPs. The findings indicate that there is need for review of the structure of the nursing services in the community. PMID:1428757

Hayes, C H; Hynes, M; O'Herlihy, B

1992-04-01

121

45 CFR 46.116 - General requirements for informed consent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...116 Section 46.116 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects § 46.116 General requirements for...

2012-10-01

122

The public health information infrastructure. A national review of the law on health information privacy.  

PubMed

Our objectives were to review and analyze the laws in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico that regulate the acquisition, storage, and use of public health data and to offer proposals for reform of the laws on public health information privacy. Virtually all states reported some statutory protection for governmentally maintained health data for public health information in general (49 states), communicable diseases (42 states), and sexually transmitted diseases (43 states). State statutes permitted disclosure of data for statistical purposes (42 states), contact tracing (39 states), epidemiologic investigations (22 states), and subpoena or court order (14 states). The survey revealed significant problems that affect both the development of fair and effective public health information systems and the protection of privacy. Statutes may be silent about the degree of privacy protection afforded, confer weaker privacy protection to certain kinds of information, or grant health officials broad discretion to disseminate personal information. Our proposals for law reform are based on a meeting of experts at the Carter Presidential Center under the auspices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists: (1) an independent data protection commission should be established, (2) health authorities should justify the collection of personally identifiable information, (3) subjects should be given basic information about data practices, (4) data should be held and used in accordance with fair information practices, (5) legally binding privacy and security assurances should attach to identifiable health information with significant penalties for breach of these assurances, (6) disclosure of data should be made only for purposes consistent with the original collection, and (7) secondary uses beyond those originally intended by the data collector should be permitted only with informed consent. PMID:8648874

Gostin, L O; Lazzarini, Z; Neslund, V S; Osterholm, M T

1996-06-26

123

7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1221...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. (a...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations...

2013-01-01

124

7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1221...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. (a...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations...

2012-01-01

125

7 CFR 1208.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1208...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations...

2013-01-01

126

7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1216...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations...

2013-01-01

127

7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1218...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations...

2013-01-01

128

7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1206...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations...

2013-01-01

129

7 CFR 63.501 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 63...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Any...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations...

2013-01-01

130

7 CFR 1214.62 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1214...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations...

2013-01-01

131

Sources and Information: General Education in the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an annotated bibliography of 27 articles, reports, and other publications dealing with general education in community colleges. Includes materials relating to general education and lifelong learning, the globalization of general education, and general education in vocational and occupational programs. (PAA)|

Raisman, Neal A.; Hsiao, Karin Petersen

1993-01-01

132

78 FR 38097 - Publication of General License Related to the Syria Sanctions Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Foreign Assets Control Publication of General License Related to the Syria Sanctions Program...of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION: Notice, publication of general...

2013-06-25

133

Possibilistic systems within a general information theory  

SciTech Connect

The author surveys possibilistic systems theory and place it in the context of Imprecise Probabilities and General Information Theory (GIT). In particular, he argues that possibilistic systems hold a distinct position within a broadly conceived, synthetic GIT. The focus is on systems and applications which are semantically grounded by empirical measurement methods (statistical counting), rather than epistemic or subjective knowledge elicitation or assessment methods. Regarding fuzzy measures as special provisions, and evidence measures (belief and plausibility measures) as special fuzzy measures, thereby he can measure imprecise probabilities directly and empirically from set-valued frequencies (random set measurement). More specifically, measurements of random intervals yield empirical fuzzy intervals. In the random set (Dempster-Shafer) context, probability and possibility measures stand as special plausibility measures in that their distributionality (decomposability) maps directly to an aggregable structure of the focal classes of their random sets. Further, possibility measures share with imprecise probabilities the ability to better handle open world problems where the universe of discourse is not specified in advance. In addition to empirically grounded measurement methods, possibility theory also provides another crucial component of a full systems theory, namely prediction methods in the form of finite (Markov) processes which are also strictly analogous to the probabilistic forms.

Joslyn, C.

1999-06-01

134

An Analysis of the Public Information and Education Countermeasure: 1975.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the activities and accomplishments of the Public Information and Education program operated by the Los Angeles County Alcohol Safety Action Project (ASAP). During 1975 ASAP released its second-phase public service announcements. The I...

E. B. Miller

1976-01-01

135

Public Policy and Product Information. Summary Findings from Consumer Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the findings of an Assessment of Consumer Information Processing Research in Relation to Public Policy Needs. The first section studies the public policy setting. The main body of the digest reviews, examines, and interprets the existi...

G. S. Hutchison

1975-01-01

136

Knowledge and recognition of ecosystem services among the general public in a drainage basin in Scania, Southern Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human preferences are likely to depend on such things as knowledge and information, propaganda and advertising, and formal (laws) and informal (norms) institutions. We focus on knowledge about how nature works and how this may be manifested in recognition of ecosystem services among the general public. Participants and non-participants in a plant nutrient abatement programme with detention ponds in a

Lillemor Lewan; Tore Söderqvist

2002-01-01

137

Public Information for All: An Interview with Carl Malamud  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the early 1990s, Carl Malamud has made it his business to return to the public what is rightfully theirs: free access to public information. Despite legislation that mandates such access to government information, some categories of information have been excluded, notable among them court opinions (with the exception of the U.S. Supreme…

Rabina, Debbie

2010-01-01

138

Inventory Information of Public Lands. Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Volume 1 of the study on public lands includes introductory materials and Chapters A through L, which present data for each major function or commodity area. Chapter A covers land status, cessions and acquisitions to the public domain, exchanges, disposit...

M. A. Pearl

1970-01-01

139

Bringing Nano to the Public through Informal Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Researchers in nanoscale science and engineering communicate all the time. We give talks, present lectures, and write papers regularly. But the general public---the consumers who will use the products of our work and the voters who indirectly set the national research agenda---do not often hear us. Informal science education---including museums, TV, public lectures, popular press, etc.---is a way to connect with broader audiences in a variety of fun and effective ways. Museums, which are visited by hundreds of millions of people each year in the U.S., are popular because they are skilled at making abstract and complex phenomena comprehensible to people from all walks of life and at making the whole experience fun. This talk will provide an introduction the ``informal science education'' field, discuss the art of honing your message into clear and realistic learning goals, describe methods for understanding your audience and their background, and help researchers to appreciate the limits of what can be learned in one experience. It will also review what the public currently understands about nanoscale science and engineering and the challenges that these (mis)understandings create for museums and researchers.

Crone, Wendy

2008-03-01

140

Public health informatics: how information-age technology can strengthen public health.  

PubMed

The combination of the burgeoning interest in health, health care reform and the advent of the Information Age, represents a challenge and an opportunity for public health. If public health's effectiveness and profile are to grow, practitioners and researchers will need reliable, timely information with which to make information-driven decisions, better ways to communicate, and improved tools to analyze and present new knowledge. "Public Health Informatics" (PHI) is the science of applying Information-Age technology to serve the specialized needs of public health. In this paper we define Public Health Informatics, outline specific benefits that may accrue from its widespread application, and discuss why and how an academic discipline of public health informatics should be developed. Finally, we make specific recommendations for actions that government and academia can take to assure that public health professionals have the systems, tools, and training to use PHI to advance the mission of public health. PMID:7639873

Friede, A; Blum, H L; McDonald, M

1995-01-01

141

Making a Good First Impression: Improving Predesign and Environmental Public Information and Public Involvement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current federal transportation legislation creates considerable responsibility for state departments of transportation and metropolitan planning organizations to provide public information and public involvement to a diverse community and to obtain feedba...

R. S. Done

2007-01-01

142

Streamlining How We Deliver Public Health Information Online: From CHN to PHAC  

Microsoft Academic Search

The desire to consolidate resources into one website, that of the Public Health Agency of Canada, was behind the decision to close the Canadian Health Network (CHN) in April 2008. Although CHN set new standards in online health information, this decision was made for a variety of reasons, including to better reach both a professional audience and the general public.

David Butler-Jones

2008-01-01

143

32 CFR 2800.4 - General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Access to Sensitive Compartmented Intelligence Information will be controlled by the...be stored in a safe at the close of business, destroyed as classified waste when...for release of Sensitive Compartmented Intelligence Information. The names of...

2013-07-01

144

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

The circular has been prepared to provide information on the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel (spent fuel) subject to regulation by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirements of general interest, a summary of data for 1979--1991 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

Not Available

1992-06-01

145

32 CFR 1900.03 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) General...information on this part, to inquire about the FOIA program at CIA, or to file a FOIA request (or expression of interest),...

2013-07-01

146

Public Information about Osteoporosis: What's Available, What's Needed.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The background paper describes the existing public information about osteoporosis and discusses problems that limit its usefulness, including problems in the dissemination and targeting of information to different types of people who have or are at risk o...

1994-01-01

147

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT Procedures Governing Decisions About Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to...

2012-10-01

148

32 CFR 286.2 - DoD public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...activities, records requested through public information channels by news media representatives that would not be withheld if requested...Prompt responses to requests for information from news media representatives should be encouraged to...

2013-07-01

149

21 CFR 5.1110 - FDA public information offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...301-827-6860. (b) Division of Freedom of Information. The Division of Freedom of Information public room is located in rm. 1050...20857, Telephone: 301-796-3900. (c) Press Relations Staff. Press offices are...

2013-04-01

150

78 FR 41192 - Publication of General License Related to the Zimbabwe Sanctions Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Publication of General License Related to the Zimbabwe Sanctions Program AGENCY: Office of Foreign...publishing General License No. 1 issued under the Zimbabwe sanctions program on April 24, 2013. Zimbabwe General License No. 1 authorizes all...

2013-07-09

151

EXTENDING ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEILLANCE TO USEFUL PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public Health Applications in Remote Sensing (PHAiRS) is addressing: (1) an atmospheric dust modeling system into which Earth observation (EO) data have been assimilated, and (2) a public health information system that is designed to link environmental data to aggregated health outcome data provided by the New Mexico Department of Health and other public health authorities. The objective is to

Stanley A. Morain; Amelia M. Budge

2008-01-01

152

24 CFR 3282.54 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Secretary, an SAA or a PIA prior to the effective date of these regulations. (d) Request for information from PIAs or SAAs. Whenever a PIA or SAA receives requests for disclosure of information, it shall disclose the information unless...

2010-04-01

153

Fisher information: A generalized sustainability index?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research efforts to develop sustainability theory report the use of Fisher information as sustainability index and as a measure of the variability of dynamic systems. The approach has shown to be suitable for the analysis of ecological models, including dynamic simulations as well as optimal control problems where the objective function involves optimizing Fisher information. In this work we

Vicente Rico-Ramirez; Pedro A. Quintana-Hernandez; Jesus A. Ortiz-Cruz; Salvador Hernandez-Castro

2008-01-01

154

10 CFR 61.11 - General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REQUIREMENTS FOR LAND DISPOSAL OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE Licenses § 61.11 General...The types and quantities of radioactive waste to be received, possessed...purposes other than disposal of radioactive wastes; and (5) The...

2013-01-01

155

76 FR 1137 - Publicly Available Consumer Product Safety Information Database: Notice of Public Web Conferences  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Database: Notice of Public Web Conferences AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...or ``we'') is announcing two Web conferences to demonstrate to interested...information database (``Database''). The Web conferences will be webcast live from...

2011-01-07

156

INFORMATION LITERACY IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES: A COVERT OPERATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participative and collaborative technologies of Web 2.0 are being utilised by libraries in their information literacy programs. Supporting independent learning and literacy are core public library roles, along with providing physical and virtual places for social and community interaction. This paper considers the application of Web 2.0 tools to public library's information literacy programs, under the aegis of reader

L. PIEPER

2010-01-01

157

The Public Library in the Age of Electronic Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the first tutorial in 1983 the author has chosen to summarize the current status of the public library in relationship to the several technologies heralded as powering the new Information Age and to suggest ways in which the public library might participate. Turock, who teaches services and administration at Rutgers' newly merged School of Communication, Information and Library Studies

Betty Turock

1983-01-01

158

Information Technology and Value Creation in the Public Sector Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this dissertation, I study the performance impact of information technology (IT) investments in the public sector. IT has been one of the key assets in public administration since the early MIS era. Even though the information systems (IS) discipline has witnessed a considerable amount of research efforts on the subject of IT business value…

Pang, Min-Seok

2011-01-01

159

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and shall publish guidelines for the release of public information that...decision to proceed or not proceed with the issuance of a news release or other type of public information...will be addressed and resolved by the Assistant Administrator for...

2013-01-01

160

A note on the value of public information in monopoly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper shows that in the standard model of monopoly with asymmetric information and second-degree price discrimination,\\u000a the monopolist prefers to reveal public information under a form of stochastic dependence that is weaker than the affiliation\\u000a of private values, private signals, and public signals.

Alexander E. Saak

2007-01-01

161

Public Participation Geographic Information Systems: A Literature Review and Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) pertains to the use of geographic information systems (GIS) to broaden public involvement in policymaking as well as to the value of GIS to promote the goals of nongovernmental organizations, grassroots groups, and community-based organizations. The article first traces the social history of PPGIS. It then argues that PPGIS has been socially constructed by

Renee Sieber

2006-01-01

162

Information Technology and Value Creation in the Public Sector Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this dissertation, I study the performance impact of information technology (IT) investments in the public sector. IT has been one of the key assets in public administration since the early MIS era. Even though the information systems (IS) discipline has witnessed a considerable amount of research efforts on the subject of IT business value for…

Pang, Min-Seok

2011-01-01

163

32 CFR 505.1 - General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...supervise and execute the Privacy Program within that command pursuant...Department of Defense Privacy Program, November 16, 2004. ...Department of Defense Privacy Program, August 1983. (7) Title...Regulation 6025.18-R, DOD Health Information Privacy...

2013-07-01

164

46 CFR 504.3 - General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for which a finding of no significant impact has been made or for which an environmental impact statement is being prepared will be maintained...c) Information or status reports on environmental statements and other elements of...

2011-10-01

165

75 FR 37802 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork burden invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on the following information collection(s), as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995, 44 U.S.C. 3501 - 3520. Comments are requested concerning: (a) whether the proposed collection of information......

2010-06-30

166

The Mississippi Higher Education Almanac, 1997-98: Selected Information Profiling Mississippi Public Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This almanac provides summary information for Mississippi's public institutions of higher learning for the 1997-98 academic year. Data is organized in eight sections: (1) general information, which lists members and officers of the Board of Trustees of the State Institutions of Higher Learning and offers institutional profiles for Alcorn State…

Mississippi State Board of Trustees of State Institutions of Higher Learning, Jackson.

167

Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The `Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application` is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, DOE\\/RL-91-28) and a Unit- Specific Portion. The scope of the General Information Portion includes information that could be used to discuss operating units, units undergoing closure, or units being dispositioned through other options. Documentation included in the General

Westinghouse Hanford

1996-01-01

168

Sharing hydropower information through books and publications  

SciTech Connect

HRW summarizes several books and publications by hydro professionals that educate, instruct, or assist colleagues throughout the world as they work toward meeting today`s hydro`s challenges and pursuing opportunities.

Fulton, E.

1995-12-31

169

Description of a method to support public health information management: organizational network analysis  

PubMed Central

In this case study we describe a method that has potential to provide systematic support for public health information management. Public health agencies depend on specialized information that travels throughout an organization via communication networks among employees. Interactions that occur within these networks are poorly understood and are generally unmanaged. We applied organizational network analysis, a method for studying communication networks, to assess the method’s utility to support decision making for public health managers, and to determine what links existed between information use and agency processes. Data on communication links among a health department’s staff was obtained via survey with a 93% response rate, and analyzed using Organizational Risk Analyzer (ORA) software. The findings described the structure of information flow in the department’s communication networks. The analysis succeeded in providing insights into organizational processes which informed public health managers’ strategies to address problems and to take advantage of network strengths.

Merrill, Jacqueline; Bakken, Suzanne; Rockoff, Maxine; Gebbie, Kristine; Carley, Kathleen

2007-01-01

170

MRSA model of learning and adaptation: a qualitative study among the general public  

PubMed Central

Background More people in the US now die from Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections than from HIV/AIDS. Often acquired in healthcare facilities or during healthcare procedures, the extremely high incidence of MRSA infections and the dangerously low levels of literacy regarding antibiotic resistance in the general public are on a collision course. Traditional medical approaches to infection control and the conventional attitude healthcare practitioners adopt toward public education are no longer adequate to avoid this collision. This study helps us understand how people acquire and process new information and then adapt behaviours based on learning. Methods Using constructivist theory, semi-structured face-to-face and phone interviews were conducted to gather pertinent data. This allowed participants to tell their stories so their experiences could deepen our understanding of this crucial health issue. Interview transcripts were analysed using grounded theory and sensitizing concepts. Results Our findings were classified into two main categories, each of which in turn included three subthemes. First, in the category of Learning, we identified how individuals used their Experiences with MRSA, to answer the questions: What was learned? and, How did learning occur? The second category, Adaptation gave us insights into Self-reliance, Reliance on others, and Reflections on the MRSA journey. Conclusions This study underscores the critical importance of educational programs for patients, and improved continuing education for healthcare providers. Five specific results of this study can reduce the vacuum that currently exists between the knowledge and information available to healthcare professionals, and how that information is conveyed to the public. These points include: 1) a common model of MRSA learning and adaptation; 2) the self-directed nature of adult learning; 3) the focus on general MRSA information, care and prevention, and antibiotic resistance; 4) the interconnected nature of adaptation; and, 5) the need for a consistent step by step plan to deal with MRSA provided at the time of diagnosis.

2012-01-01

171

Species difference in adaptive use of public information in sticklebacks.  

PubMed Central

Animals foraging on variable food sources can refine their estimates of patch quality by monitoring the success of others (i.e. collect 'public information'). Here, we show that both three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) and nine-spined sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius) use past cues provided by others to locate food but only nine-spined sticklebacks use prior public information to assess patch quality, regardless of whether demonstrators were conspecifics or heterospecifics. Moreover, nine-spined but not three-spined sticklebacks preferentially hid in vegetation during the demonstration, a position from which they could observe both patches simultaneously and collect public information. We conclude that species differences in the use of public information can be explained by variations in habitat choice and response to predation. Our findings expand current understanding of the scope of public-information use in animals by showing that fishes can use public-information in a foraging context and from heterospecifics. The study suggests that public-information use is an adaptation that allows animals vulnerable to predation to acquire valuable foraging information at low risk.

Coolen, Isabelle; van Bergen, Yfke; Day, Rachel L; Laland, Kevin N

2003-01-01

172

Community Colleges: General Information and Resources. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This digest offers general information about American community colleges and lists a variety of sources of additional information about these institutions. The digest provides the defining characteristics of community colleges and information on their curricula; statistics on enrollments and student characteristics; information on faculty…

ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.

173

General practice and public health: Assessing the impact of the new GMS contract  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 30 years, the important role of primary care in public health has been widely recognised, and in the UK a range of measures to support public health in general practice have been introduced since the late 1980s. In 2004 a new general medical services contract was introduced changing the way general practitioners are reimbursed in the NHS.

Stephen Peckham; Alison Hann

2008-01-01

174

Explaining use of information in public policymaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, scholars have attempted to understand the role of information in policymaking by developing several models\\u000a of information utilization and have tested them empirically, at both national and state levels. This paper has called into\\u000a question past studies as they relate to describing and explaining use of information. This paper tests an integrated model\\u000a of information utilization that

Cheol H. Oh; Robert F. Rich

1996-01-01

175

A general language model for information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical language modeling has been successfully used for speech recognition, part-of-speech tagging, and syntactic parsing. Recently, it has also been applied to information retrieval. According to this new paradigm, each document is viewed as a language sample, and a query as a generation process. The retrieved documents are ranked based on the probabilities of producing a query from the corresponding

Fei Song; W. Bruce Croft

1999-01-01

176

The Bureaucratic Destruction of Patients' Faith in Their Doctors: Public Psychiatry's Negative Lessons for General Medicine  

PubMed Central

The doctor-patient relationship, so important in all of medical practice, has been destroyed in much of American public psychiatry. That destruction should serve as an important negative lesson for a medical care system facing reorganization. The desirability of having the same psychiatrist caring for a patient both in the mental hospital and after discharge—continuity of care—should have been obvious, but its significance was not defined explicitly, to this author's knowledge, until about 1979. White's demonstration that the therapeutic relationship's positive impact seems to “account for about half of the benefits” associated with medical and similar ministrations underlines its importance. Continuity of competent public psychiatric care, and its therapeutic effectiveness, have been impeded by the harmful attitudes and actions of American psychiatry and the care-fragmenting acts of public officials. Soon after the continuity concept was informally presented in 1979, official American psychiatry, increasingly influenced by drug companies, began denying the importance of a physician's continuing care by redefining “continuity” as though public mental health care had to be fragmented. Specific policy decisions by officials are also largely responsible for the destruction of good public psychiatric care. This in turn has produced gross overuse of medications and the near disappearance of competent public psychiatric leadership and effective therapeutic relationships. An example from the federal Health Care Finance Administration shows how comparably harmful bureaucratic decisions concerning health care can also be made on the federal level. If similar decisions are made under the proposed reorganization of general medical care, that care, like American public psychiatry, may become harmful to its patients.

Lehrman, Nathaniel S.

1994-01-01

177

Democratizing Human Genome Project Information: A Model Program for Education, Information and Debate in Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Mapping the Human Genome" project demonstrated that librarians can help whomever they serve in accessing information resources in the areas of biological and health information, whether it is the scientists who are developing the information or a member of the public who is using the information. Public libraries can guide library users…

Pollack, Miriam

178

40 CFR 141.201 - General public notification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...as required by the drinking water regulations. (iv...procedures as prescribed by a drinking water regulation. (2...exemption. (3) Special public notices: (i) Occurrence...contaminant level (SMCL) for fluoride. (iv)...

2010-07-01

179

40 CFR 141.201 - General public notification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...as required by the drinking water regulations. (iv...procedures as prescribed by a drinking water regulation. (2) Variance...exemption. (3) Special public notices: (i) Occurrence...contaminant level (SMCL) for fluoride. (iv)...

2009-07-01

180

7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1218.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2012-01-01

181

7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1216.88 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2009-01-01

182

7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2012-01-01

183

7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1216.88 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2012-01-01

184

7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2010-01-01

185

7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1218.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2009-01-01

186

7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2009-01-01

187

7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1218.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2010-01-01

188

7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1216.88 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2010-01-01

189

Investigation of Biases in the General Public in Evaluating Mild Head Injury Using Neuropsychological and CT Scan Results: Forensic Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine how the general public considers neuropsychological (NP) vs. CT scan data in assessing the effects of a possible mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Ten scenarios depicting an MTBI from a motor vehicle accident were presented to community volunteer participants. Case scenarios differed with regard to diagnostic information presented (i.e., all combinations of

Thomas J. Guilmette; Mary Lynne Kennedy; Michael D. Weiler; Richard O. Temple

2006-01-01

190

Part of Your General Public Is Disabled. A Handbook for Guides in Museums, Zoos, and Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressed to docents, the manual presents general guidelines for making public tours of museums, historic buildings, and zoos more accessible to handicapped persons. Information on eight major disability groups is provided (mental retardation, learning disabilities, hearing impairments, visual handicaps, mobility impairments, cerebral palsy,…

Majewski, Janice

191

Part of Your General Public Is Disabled. A Handbook for Guides in Museums, Zoos, and Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addressed to docents, the manual presents general guidelines for making public tours of museums, historic buildings, and zoos more accessible to handicapped persons. Information on eight major disability groups is provided (mental retardation, learning disabilities, hearing impairments, visual handicaps, mobility impairments, cerebral palsy,…

Majewski, Janice

192

Public Information Programs Are Good Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The example of the Tuloso-Midway Independent School District of Corpus Christi, Texas, points out the community support benefits to be gained from an effective public relations policy. Such policies should be develped before a crisis destroys opportunities for widespread support. The system should assess its current communications needs first,…

Curcio, Joan L.; Manning, Edna M.

1986-01-01

193

General Human Capital as a Shared Investment under Asymmetric Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the firm's optimal wage and layoff policies in situations where only general training is provided and the firm providing training has an advantage in information over other firms. The asymmetric information among firms creates adverse selection that seriously impairs the mobility of labor and consequently affects the firm's optimal policies. General human capital is shown to have

Shin-Hwan Chiang; Shih-Chen Chiang

1990-01-01

194

Considerations for Improving Geographic Information System Research in Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many activities to promote better health and to reduce disease are directed at the changing environments in which people live. In response to the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS) 1999 Summer Assembly application challenge, this paper describes the uses of geographic information systems in the field of public health care. With the geographic information system, observations regarding the

Gerard Rushton; Gregory Elmes; Robert McMaster

2000-01-01

195

Informal payments in developing countries' public health sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

In China and some other developing countries' public health sectors, many patients give their doctors a payment outside the official channel before a major treatment. This secret payment has been documented as informal payment in the literature. We argue that the fundamental cause for informal payments is that patients have more information about doctors' skill than the government does. The

Ting Liu; Jiayin Sun

2007-01-01

196

The Telehealth Divide: Disparities in Searching Public Health Information Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores e?government inequalities to searching Medicare and Medi? caid information online. Telehealth, a branch of e?government, can bring public health service and insurance information to the citizen. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services website, among others, has critical information for potential beneficiaries and recipients of services. Using Pew survey data and multivariate regression analysis we find people

Mary. Schmeida; Ramona S. McNeal

2007-01-01

197

Can public information programs affect risk perceptions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides the first controlled evaluation of how different information materials explaining the risks from radon influenced people's perceptions of these risks. Using a panel study, it was possible to observe how stated risk perceptions responded to information about indoor radon concentrations and brochures explaining the radon readings. The findings indicate that risk communication policies can be effective in

V. Kerry Smith; William H. Desvousges; F. Reed Johnson; Ann Fisher

1990-01-01

198

Utilizing general information theories for uncertainty quantification  

SciTech Connect

Uncertainties enter into a complex problem from many sources: variability, errors, and lack of knowledge. A fundamental question arises in how to characterize the various kinds of uncertainty and then combine within a problem such as the verification and validation of a structural dynamics computer model, reliability of a dynamic system, or a complex decision problem. Because uncertainties are of different types (e.g., random noise, numerical error, vagueness of classification), it is difficult to quantify all of them within the constructs of a single mathematical theory, such as probability theory. Because different kinds of uncertainty occur within a complex modeling problem, linkages between these mathematical theories are necessary. A brief overview of some of these theories and their constituents under the label of Generalized lnforrnation Theory (GIT) is presented, and a brief decision example illustrates the importance of linking at least two such theories.

Booker, J. M. (Jane M.)

2002-01-01

199

The Next Public Health Revolution: Public Health Information Fusion and Social Networks  

PubMed Central

Social, political, and economic disruptions caused by natural and human-caused public health emergencies have catalyzed public health efforts to expand the scope of biosurveillance and increase the timeliness, quality, and comprehensiveness of disease detection, alerting, response, and prediction. Unfortunately, efforts to acquire, render, and visualize the diversity of health intelligence information are hindered by its wide distribution across disparate fields, multiple levels of government, and the complex interagency environment. Achieving this new level of situation awareness within public health will require a fundamental cultural shift in methods of acquiring, analyzing, and disseminating information. The notion of information “fusion” may provide opportunities to expand data access, analysis, and information exchange to better inform public health action.

Fleischauer, Aaron; Casani, Julie; Groseclose, Samuel L.

2010-01-01

200

Design and Implementation of an Integrated Public Safety System. Generalized System Design Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents some general guidelines for conducting an analysis of the feasibility of consolidation, or integration, of public safety services in a new community, or any community. This generalized system design report has been developed out of th...

1977-01-01

201

Toward better Alzheimer's research information sources for the public.  

PubMed

The National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease calls for a new relationship between researchers and members of the public. This relationship is one that provides research information to patients and allows patients to provide ideas to researchers. One way to describe it is a "bidirectional translational relationship." Despite the numerous sources of online and offline information about Alzheimer's disease, there is no information source which currently provides this interaction. This article proposes the creation an Alzheimer's research information source dedicated to monitoring Alzheimer's research literature and providing user friendly, publicly accessible summaries of data written specifically for a lay audience. This information source should contain comprehensive, updated, user friendly, publicly available, reviews of Alzheimer's research and utilize existing online multimedia/social networking tools to provide information in useful formats that help patients, caregivers, and researchers learn rapidly from one another. PMID:23423479

Payne, Perry W

2013-02-18

202

Additional Information for Healthcare Providers and Public ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Based on careful evaluation of a variety of scientific information, FDA has determined it is appropriate for clinicians and health care professionals to ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/vaccines/approvedproducts

203

Economic Costs of Informing the Public on Seafood Safety Matters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The memorandum provides managers of seafood safety programs with an understanding of the economic consequences of disseminating information to the public regarding health risks. The paper begins with some definitions and discussion of terms that relate to...

M. Raizin G. M. Meaburn

1989-01-01

204

FDA Issues Public Health Advisory Informing Health Care ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... FDA Issues Public Health Advisory Informing Health Care Providers of Safety Concerns Associated with the Use of Two Eczema Drugs, Elidel and ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

205

49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

2012-10-01

206

49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

2011-10-01

207

FDA Public Health Advisory: Important Information for the Safe ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... FDA Public Health Advisory: Important Information for the Safe Use of Fentanyl Transdermal System (Patch). 12/21/2007. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

208

Searching the Web: general and scientific information access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web has revolutionized the way people access information, and has opened up new possibilities in areas such as digital libraries, general and scientific information dissemination and retrieval, education, commerce, entertainment, government and health care. There are many avenues for improvement of the Web; for example, in the areas of locating and organizing information. Current techniques for access

Steve Lawrence; C. Lee Giles

1999-01-01

209

Public libraries: pathways to making Botswana an educated, informed nation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss how implementing a public access to ICT project, Sesigo, at Botswana public libraries can help contribute to the achievement of the national goal of an informed, educated nation by 2016. It further shares ICT training experiences, achievements and challenges as the project evolves. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper combines results from

Tshepo Maswabi; Tiroyamodimo Sethate; Sebusang E. M. Sebusang; Resego Taolo

2011-01-01

210

Public Library Information and Referral Project, Phase II. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the second of a two-phase survey of public library information and referral (I&R) service. In this phase, seven public libraries offering I&R services were studied in depth to provide descriptions of their operations, organizational factors, and the reactions of their users. Organizational factors and operations were studied through…

Childers, Thomas; Krauser, Cheri

211

MANAGING INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN UK PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The record on the development and use of information-b ased technologies in UK public administration is reviewed and distinctive risks identified. Risk levels associated with computerization may be increasing rather than abating as a result of both the content of New Public Management initiatives, and also how they are being introduced and applied. This article considers ways forward from the

LESLIE WILLCOCKS

1994-01-01

212

Public external debt, informality and production efficiency in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an alternative approach to investigate the non-linear effect of external debt on growth. In the theoretical part, we develop an endogenous growth model with formal and informal sectors to analyse the effect of the public external debt on the production efficiency. We show that an increase of the public external debt share increases the production efficiency through

Imed Drine; M. Sami Nabi

2010-01-01

213

Who Uses Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS) Data for What Purposes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Results of the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) evaluation of its collection of data for the Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS) are examined. Concerns regarding accuracy, timeliness, and uses of HEGIS data collection are addressed. To review the literature of higher education and publications concerned with some…

Andrew, Loyd D.; And Others

214

GPs' opinions of public and industrial information regarding drugs: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background General Practitioners {GP} in Sweden prescribe more than 50% of all prescriptions. Scientific knowledge on the opinions of GPs regarding drug information has been sparse. Such knowledge could be valuable when designing evidence-based drug information to GPs. GPs' opinions on public- and industry-provided drug information are presented in this article. Methods A cross-sectional study using a questionnaire was answered by 368 GPs at 97 primary-health care centres {PHCC}. The centres were invited to participate by eight out of 29 drug and therapeutic committees {DTCs}. A multilevel model was used to analyse associations between opinions of GPs regarding drug information and whether the GPs worked in public sector or in a private enterprise, their age, sex, and work experience. PHCC and geographical area were included as random effects. Results About 85% of the GPs perceived they received too much information from the industry, that the quality of public information was high and useful, and that the main task of public authorities was to increase the GPs' knowledge of drugs. Female GPs valued information from public authorities to a much greater extent than male GPs. Out of the GPs, 93% considered the main task of the industry was to promote sales. Differences between the GPs' opinions between PHCCs were generally more visible than differences between areas. Conclusions Some kind of incentives could be considered for PHCCs that actively reduce drug promotion from the industry. That female GPs valued information from public authorities to a much greater extent than male GPs should be taken into consideration when designing evidence-based drug information from public authorities to make implementation easier.

2011-01-01

215

The General Agreement on Trade in Services: Implications for Public Post-Secondary Education in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores how extensions to the General Agreements on Trade in Services (GATS) designed to increase market access of private service providers to industries now in the public sector could affect public higher education. Asserts that these agreements have an alarming potential to limit the role of government in the delivery of public services such…

Cohen, Marjorie Griffin

2000-01-01

216

General characteristics of private academe and public U.S. federal depository libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do public federal depository libraries located in private colleges have paradoxical characteristics? Private academe may have an aura of exclusivity, but federal depository library status ensures that the public has access to government materials. In the first segment of this two-part study, general depository and institutional characteristics are profiled. Comparisons are made between public and private academic depositories and depositories

Daniel Blazek

1997-01-01

217

15 CFR 923.55 - Full participation by State and local governments, interested parties, and the general public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...State and local governments, interested parties, and the general public. 923.55 Section...State and local governments, interested parties, and the general public. The management...agencies, local governments, regional commissions...other interested public and private...

2013-01-01

218

An empirical examination of three machiavellian concepts: Advertisers vs. the general public  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the perceived ethics of advertisers and the general public relative to three ethical concepts. Based on the survey findings, it can be concluded that with regard to the ethically-laden concepts of manipulation, exploitation, and deviousness, advertisers are perceptually as ethical as the general public. The research also clarifies some of the differences between ethics and Machiavellianism.

John Fraedrich; O. C. Ferrell; William Pride

1989-01-01

219

Belief systems of the general public concerning the appropriate treatments for mental disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was conducted to assess the belief systems of the general public concerning the appropriate treatments for mental disorders and correlates of these belief systems. The study was based on the results of a household survey of the general public in Australia, using a national random sample of 2,031 adults aged 18–74 years. Respondents were given a vignette describing

A. F. Jorm; A. E. Korten; B. Rodgers; P. Pollitt; P. A. Jacomb; H. Christensen; Z. Jiao

1997-01-01

220

Trends in acceptance of euthanasia among the general public in 12 European countries (1981-1999)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: We wanted to examine how the acceptance of euthanasia among the general public in Western Europe has changed in the last decades, and we wanted to look for possible explanations. Methods: We analysed data from the European Values Surveys, held in 1981, 1990, and 1999-2000 in 12 West European countries. In each country, representative samples of the general public

Joachim Cohen; Isabelle Marcoux; Johan Bilsen; Patrick Deboosere; Gerrit van der Wal; Luc Deliens

2006-01-01

221

76 FR 54246 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Notice of Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Public Interest for the FY12 Transformation Initiative: Sustainable Communities...information: Title of Proposal: FY12 Transformation Initiative: Sustainable Communities...authority and administered under the Transformation Initiative (TI) account. The...

2011-08-31

222

22 CFR 707.31 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...construed as a waiver by the Corporation, either in whole or in part, of the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552(b) or 18 U.S.C. 1905. The Corporation, to the maximum extent permitted by law, may delete information from copies of any records furnished to any...

2013-04-01

223

Inform, influence, evaluate: the power of state public opinion polls.  

PubMed

Politicians use public opinion polling data if the data are available to them. Most of these data are from national polls and do not allow for state-level analysis. One promising strategy for informing elected state officials about health issues is to administer public opinion polls at the state level. Combined with health assessment surveys, public opinion data provide a powerful tool for health policy development. This Report reviews one regional foundation's efforts at providing public opinion poll data at the state level and the results of these efforts. PMID:19124879

Turner, Shiloh; O'Connor, Patricia; Rademacher, Eric

224

Mission-driven priorities: public health in health information exchange.  

PubMed

Developing state- and nationwide health information exchange (HIE) is one of the health priorities defined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. States are expected to take leadership in statewide planning and implementation. To balance limited resources among mandated responsibilities and emerging HIE accountability, we maintain that state public health practitioners must integrate HIE into our mission-driven practice in five priority areas: 1) connecting real-time disease surveillance and notifiable case reporting through HIE to better protect citizens; 2) sharing public health-managed clinical information through HIE for preventive services, 3) conduct health education for targeted populations via HIE to promote healthy lifestyles; 4) leverage public health informatics with Medicaid information system to provide quality healthcare; and 5) serve as a regulator for standardized HIT to participate in healthcare reform. We summarize public health's broad practice into "Five P's" and link each domain's historical foundation, current and proposed practices to sustain success. PMID:20351901

Nangle, Barry; Xu, Wu; Sundwall, David N

2009-11-14

225

Mission-Driven Priorities: Public Health in Health Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Developing state- and nationwide health information exchange (HIE) is one of the health priorities defined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. States are expected to take leadership in statewide planning and implementation. To balance limited resources among mandated responsibilities and emerging HIE accountability, we maintain that state public health practitioners must integrate HIE into our mission-driven practice in five priority areas: 1) connecting real-time disease surveillance and notifiable case reporting through HIE to better protect citizens; 2) sharing public health-managed clinical information through HIE for preventive services, 3) conduct health education for targeted populations via HIE to promote healthy lifestyles; 4) leverage public health informatics with Medicaid information system to provide quality healthcare; and 5) serve as a regulator for standardized HIT to participate in healthcare reform. We summarize public health’s broad practice into “Five P’s” and link each domain’s historical foundation, current and proposed practices to sustain success.

Nangle, Barry; Xu, Wu; Sundwall, David N.

2009-01-01

226

32 CFR 705.6 - Releasing public information material to the media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Releasing public information material to the media. 705.6 Section 705.6 National...Releasing public information material to the media. (a) Methods of releasing information...through which information is released to media: (1) Navy oriented information...

2013-07-01

227

Architecture of a passenger information system for public transport services  

Microsoft Academic Search

A passenger information system (PIS) called TUTPIS has been developed for networking passengers with companies that provide public transport services. TUTPIS supports a passenger with personalised, real time information services in all phases of a journey. Services include timetables, travel route searching, route reservations, and electronic payment. TUTPIS is targeted to operate on the developing wireless network infrastructure of mobile,

M. Hannikainen; A. Laitinen; T. Hamalainen; K. Kaisto; K. Leskinen

2001-01-01

228

European Public Administration Information Systems on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the principal challenges in public administration is adapting to needs derived from the application of new technologies that impact directly on managing as well as transmitting information and in supplying it accurately to the citizens. The Bangemann Report calls attention to the important role played in the development of the information

Ruiz, Maria Jesus Fernandez; Ullate, Jose Maria Angos; Aguaron, Isaac Bolea

229

A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

2001-01-01

230

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review is presented of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) response to Congressional and management concerns, relating specifically to energy information system documentation, public access to EIA systems, and scientific\\/peer evaluation. The relevant organizational and policy responses of EIA are discussed. An analysis of the model development process and approaches to, and organization of, model evaluation is presented. Included is

D. O. Wood; M. J. Mason

1979-01-01

231

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

This publication contains basically three kinds of information: routes approved by the Commission for the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel, information regarding any safeguards-significant incidents which have been reported to occur during shipments along such routes, and cumulative amounts of material shipped.

Not Available

1983-07-01

232

Reducing Stressful Aspects of Information Technology in Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although information technology has made locating and organizing information faster and easier in many ways, it also constitutes a source of stress for both public services librarians and patrons. This study identifies a number of sources of technological stress, which include everything from poor typing skills to poor interface design. It also proposes several ways to reduce technological stress, such

Brian Quinn

1995-01-01

233

West Valley Demonstration Project: Public information plan: Objectives, 1988  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the objectives and proposed activities of the public information program. Included are statements of purpose, goals, approach, and methods of implementation. This office deals with local, state, and federal agencies to inform them on the status of this demonstration project. (TEM)

Hoffman, W. D.

1987-09-30

234

PUBLIC INFORMATION, POWER AND PRICE FORMATION: A MARKET DISTANCE APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research evaluates the impact of endogenously generated public and private information on price formation in a bargaining in markets framework. Bargaining is assumed to be repeated and take place under persistent two sided uncertainty. Three models are developed assuming agents engage in nonstandard forms of information processing by taking into account relative differences between their own outcomes and those

Tucker S. McGrimmon

2008-01-01

235

47 CFR 76.1602 - Customer service-general information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...general information. (a) A cable franchise authority may enforce the customer...section against cable operators. The franchise authority must provide affected cable...address and telephone number of the local franchise authority's cable office....

2012-10-01

236

40 CFR 26.1116 - General requirements for informed consent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Basic Ethical Requirements for Third-Party Human Research for Pesticides Involving Intentional Exposure of Non-pregnant, Non-nursing Adults § 26.1116 General requirements for informed consent. No investigator may involve a human being...

2013-07-01

237

40 CFR 246.201-9 - Recommended procedures: Public information and education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...procedures: Public information and education. 246.201-9 Section...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED...procedures: Public information and education. A well organized and...executed public information and education program explaining...

2013-07-01

238

40 CFR 246.200-10 - Recommended procedures: Public information and education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...procedures: Public information and education. 246.200-10 Section...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED...procedures: Public information and education. A well-organized and...well-executed public information and education program explaining...

2013-07-01

239

Provision of ubiquitous tourist information in public transport networks.  

PubMed

This paper outlines an information system for tourists using collective public transport based on mobile devices with limited computation and wireless connection capacities. In this system, the mobile device collaborates with the vehicle infrastructure in order to provide the user with multimedia (visual and audio) information about his/her trip. The information delivered, adapted to the user preferences, is synchronized with the passage of vehicles through points of interest along the route, for example: bus stops, tourist sights, public service centres, etc. PMID:23112665

García, Carmelo R; Pérez, Ricardo; Alayón, Francisco; Quesada-Arencibia, Alexis; Padrón, Gabino

2012-08-24

240

Newborn Screening Information Supports Public Health More than Informed Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To appraise information resources on newborn blood spot screening currently available for parents and health professionals internationally. Method: Health information on newborn blood spot screening was sourced internationally through the internet and, in the United Kingdom, through health service providers and support organisations.…

Hargreaves, Katrina; Stewart, Ruth; Oliver, Sandy

2005-01-01

241

Towards new information resources for public health - From WordNet to MedicalWordNet  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last two decades, WORDNET has evolved as the most comprehensive computational lexicon of general English. In this article, we discuss its potential for supporting the creation of an entirely new kind of information resource for public health, viz. MEDICALWORDNET. This resource is not to be conceived merely as a lexical extension of the original WORDNET to medical terminology;

Christiane Fellbaum; Udo Hahn; Barry Smith

2006-01-01

242

A review of user-interface design guidelines for public information kiosk systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews general guidelines on user interface design for self service and public information kiosk systems, based on the author's research and existing literature. The guidelines are divided into: defining user requirements, location and encouraging use, physical access, introduction and instruction, language selection, privacy, help, input, output, structure and navigation, and customisation. The paper also emphasises the need to

M. C. Maguire

1999-01-01

243

The Korean Bird Information System (KBIS) through open and public participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The importance of biodiversity conservation has been increasing steadily due to its benefits to human beings. Recently, producing and managing biodiversity databases have become much easier because of the information technology (IT) advancement. This made the general public's participation in biodiversity conservation much more practical than ever. For example, an openfree web service can be devised for a wider

In-Hwan Paik; Jeongheui Lim; Byung-Sun Chun; Seon-Duck Jin; Jae-Pyoung Yu; Joon-Woo Lee; Jong Bhak; Woon-Kee Paek

2009-01-01

244

General Public Space Travel and Tourism, Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Travel and tourism is one of the world's largest businesses. Its gross revenues exceed $400 billion per year in the U.S. alone, and it is our second largest employer. U.S. private sector business revenues in the space information area now approximate $10 ...

D. ONeil I. Bekey J. Mankins T. F. Rogers E. W. Stallmer

1998-01-01

245

Internet Resources for Reference: General Business and Company Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a few of the thousands of Internet sites that are helpful in obtaining general business information and company-specific information, including company directories and homepages, telephone directories, Chambers of Commerce, marketing and advertising, agribusiness, government, cost of living, business schools, and nonprofit business.…

Mai, Brent Alan

1997-01-01

246

Communicating to the general public: different audiences, different needs.  

PubMed

Culturally appropriate communication can develop favorable attitudes toward family planning and facilitate its rapid diffusion in a society. To achieve this objective, family planning administrators must attend to 3 interrelated aspects of the communication process: 1) the type of information that is to be communicated, 2) forms of communication that convey this information with different effects, and 3) the intended audience. Mass media such as radio, television, films, newspapers, magazines, and posters are effective in breaking down the taboos against discussion of family planning and sexual activity. They reach large numbers of people quickly and can inform people about how to locate resources. However, forms of communication that are immediate and familiar, such as interpersonal communication, are more effective than the mass media at influencing people to accept and practice family planning. To reach large numbers of people with the familiarity and persuasiveness of personal communication, many family planning programs identify subaudiences (for example, young people, breastfeeding mothers, women who want no more children) within their larger national audience. By tailoring messages to specific groups, they can directly address the particular needs and characteristics of different audiences. Family planners also need to consider regional, ethnic, and socioeconomic differences that distinguish certain groups. For example, rural audiences are often unreceptive to impersonal mass media, but messages delivered through traditional communication or entertainment can be quite effective. Limited resources make communication all the more important, so that the impact of a message is maximized. PMID:12268491

1987-01-01

247

The public health implications of world trade negotiations on the general agreement on trade in services and public services.  

PubMed

Trade ministries from the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) 144 member states are presently deciding which public services to open to foreign competition under the complex liberalisation rules of the general agreement on trade in services (GATS). A frequent criticism of the WTO system is that it reduces national autonomy over public policy. However, respect for national sovereignty is asserted in the GATS treaty. Here, we examine claims made by the WTO and others that GATS exempts public services and does not require their privatisation. We discuss trade treaty processes that can subject public services to commercial rules, the treaty's flexibility with respect to national autonomy, and the effect of GATS in situations in which national autonomy is not protected. We conclude that national autonomy over health policy is not preserved under GATS, and that accordingly, there is a role for international standards that protect public services from the adverse effect of trade and market forces. PMID:14522540

Pollock, Allyson M; Price, David

2003-09-27

248

Dive and Discover: Bringing Oceanographic Research into the Classroom and to the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed the "Dive and Discover" web site for use in classrooms and for the general public to provide near real-time, daily access to oceanographic research expeditions, particularly those using deep submergence vehicles operated by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The site was one of five science sites nominated for a 2001 Webby Award, was selected by Scientific American as one of the top five sites in the category of earth and environmental science, and was one of Eisenhower National Clearinghouse's "digital dozen" for science resources. The web site consists of two major components. A series of educational modules provide both general educational information about the oceans and the people that study them, as well as cruise-specific information about the natural systems being studied, the participating scientists, and the data and sample-collecting methodologies and technologies being used. The second component consists of modules that allow access to near real-time updates of the progress of the cruise, images of seafloor features and animals, samples of data being collected and used on board, and general information about life on board. In addition, a Mail Buoy provides e-mail access for students to ask questions of the scientists on board the ship during the course of the expedition. COSI Toledo have a linked Educator's Companion that gives access to COSI project management tips, background information, activities, correlations to national science education standards, assessment tools, and a vast array of resources to assist educators in using the web site. We have worked with teachers and students from all over the United States to test, evaluate, and refine the web site during five cruises in the Pacific and Indian Oceans over the last two years. These cruises focused on various problems associated with mid-ocean ridge volcanism, and the chemical, physical and biological processes associated with seafloor hydrothermal activity. Our intention is that the conceptual approach we have developed will have broad application for marine scientists to promote ocean science education and public outreach in the future.

Fornari, D. J.; Fino, D.; Humphris, S. E.; Fruth, L. L.; Dean, S.

2001-12-01

249

Public Participation Geographic Information Systems: A Literature Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Although Public Participation Geographic Information Systems (PPGIS) efforts have grown worldwide, there is a gap in the literature\\u000a on implications of PPGIS for public administration. This chapter aims to narrow this gap through a literature survey of the\\u000a PPGIS implications for government agencies. GIS technology has progressively advanced from traditional desktop-based GIS to\\u000a Web GIS and Geospatial Web 2.0 platforms.

Sukumar Ganapati

250

Awareness and Attitude of the General Public Toward HIV/AIDS in Coastal Karnataka  

PubMed Central

Objective: To assess the awareness and attitude of the general public toward people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Mangalore, a city in Coastal Karnataka. Design: Community-based cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: The study population included 630 individuals aged 18 years and above. The information was collected using a semi structured pre-tested questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of 24 questions regarding awareness of the modes of transmission of HIV/AIDS (nine questions) and questions to assess the attitude toward People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) (15 questions). Statistical package SPSS version 11.5 was used, Chi-square test was conducted and P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: About one-third of the study population thought that one could get infected by merely touching an HIV positive individual. Approximately 45% stated that they would dismiss their maid on finding out her HIV positive status. About 54% were willing to undergo the HIV test. The respondents with less than secondary school education had a discriminatory attitude toward HIV positive people, with regard to them deserving to suffer, dismissing a HIV positive maid, hesitating to sit next to a HIV positive person in the bus, divorcing the infected spouse, and willingness to get tested for HIV, which was found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: Stigma among the general public was mostly due to fear of contracting the illness. Stigma does exist to significant degrees among the educated people, which was suggested by about 45% of the participants being willing to undergo the HIV test. There is a need for greater attempts toward making information regarding HIV/AIDS available to every individual of the society.

Unnikrishnan, B; Mithra, Prasanna P; T, Rekha; B, Reshmi

2010-01-01

251

Work-related asthma and implications for the general public.  

PubMed Central

Asthma has been increasing over the last two decades in the United States. The onset of asthma has also been increasingly reported as a result of occupational exposures to over 350 different agents. Work-related asthma (WRA) has become the most frequently diagnosed occupational respiratory illness. Epidemiologic studies from the United States reported WRA incidence rates of 29-710 cases per million workers per year and suggest that 10-25% of adult asthma is work related. Much can be learned about asthma in the general population from investigations of asthma in the workplace. Surveillance of WRA continues to highlight an important role for low molecular weight chemical sensitizers, as well as high molecular weight antigens. Additionally, recent reports implicate mixed exposures, including commercial cleaning solutions, solvents, and other respiratory irritants, as well as contamination in nonindustrial environments, including schools and offices. Investigations of WRA have demonstrated a clear dose-related increase in sensitization and symptoms for exposures to both chemical and protein sensitizers. High proportions of exposed working groups can be affected. Skin exposures may affect the likelihood of individuals developing respiratory symptoms. Atopy increases the risk of sensitization and illness from workplace exposure to antigens but not to chemical sensitizers. Irritant exposures can act as adjuvants among individuals exposed to sensitizing substances, increasing the proportion who become sensitized. Atopy might also be a result of irritant exposures in some persons. Occupational asthma often has important long-term adverse health and economic consequences but can resolve completely with timely control of exposures. Detailed study of such asthma "cures" may prove useful in understanding factors that influence asthmatic airway inflammation in the general population.

Petsonk, Edward L

2002-01-01

252

IFLA General Conference, 1992. Division of Libraries Serving the General Public: Section on Library Services to Multicultural Populations; Section on School Libraries; Section on Public Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Eleven papers delivered for the Division of Libraries Serving the General Public at the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions 1992 annual meeting are presented. Most deal with library services to multicultural populations, including those of developing countries. The following papers are included: (1) "Library…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, London (England).

253

76 FR 62396 - Martha Coakley, Attorney General of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Connecticut Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Connecticut Public Utilities Regulatory Authority, et al. v. Bangor Hydro-Electric Company, Central Maine Power Company, et al.; Notice of Complaint Martha Coakley, Attorney General of the Commonwealth...

2011-10-07

254

40 CFR 141.853 - General monitoring requirements for all public water systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General monitoring requirements for all public water systems. 141.853 Section 141.853...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL PRIMARY DRINKING WATER REGULATIONS Revised Total Coliform...

2013-07-01

255

Public attitudes and information on the nuclear option  

SciTech Connect

The principal findings of public-opinion surveys on nuclear energy are summaried in this article. Attitudes polled include those on building more nuclear power plants, a nuclear moratorium, options for reducing risks, questions of safety and cost advantage, and the most trusted sources of information about nuclear energy. Next, some less empirical observations for interpreting these results are presented. These address the inertia of beliefs, the nature of risk perception, symbolic aspects of nuclear energy, and the feasibility of nuclear education programs. Finally, several suggestions for public information programs based on the previously noted findings and observations are made. These include a safety program analogous to fire drills, itemized electric bills, nuclear information workshops for news media personnel, and suggestions for improved communication on nuclear issues. These relatively low cost, focused efforts may be more effective than mass media information programs.

Firebaugh, M.W.

1981-03-01

256

Proceedings of the Symposium on Public Access to Federal Government Information (Salt Lake City, Utah, February 7, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium for the general public was designed to foster citizen awareness and evaluation of and response to changes in the traditional availability of federal government information that limit public access. Following a list of acknowledgements and the program schedule, welcoming remarks by Maxine R. Haggerty, chair of the Utah Library…

Haggerty, Maxine R., Ed.; Frear, Ruth A., Ed.

257

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

2012-10-29

258

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...information for the public. 2604.202 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION...information for the public. (a) The Office of Government Ethics will maintain and make available for public inspection and...

2013-01-01

259

42 CFR 401.135 - Release of Medicare information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Release of Medicare information to the public. 401.135...401.135 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF...Disclosure § 401.135 Release of Medicare information to the public. The...

2012-10-01

260

32 CFR 700.1121 - Disclosure, publication and security of official information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Disclosure, publication and security of official information...Records § 700.1121 Disclosure, publication and security of official information...disclose by oral or written communications, publication, graphic (including...

2013-07-01

261

10 CFR 903.17 - Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.17 Informal public meetings for minor rate...

2013-01-01

262

44 CFR 5.20 - Publication of rules and general policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01...Section 5.20 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION Publication of or...

2011-10-01

263

Information Literacy Training in Public Libraries: A Case from Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to explore the current state of information literacy (IL) training and to identify the strategies and methods used by Canadian public libraries in improving IL skills for their staff and patrons. Also, the study sought to identify problems associated with the development of IL training. This study employed document…

Lai, Horng-Ji

2011-01-01

264

Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

265

Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

266

77 FR 7124 - Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders; Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...APHIS-2012-0010] Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders; Public Meeting AGENCY: Animal and...APHIS) is soliciting feedback from our stakeholders in several areas having to do with...initiatives and to provide an opportunity for stakeholders to share their thoughts on...

2012-02-10

267

78 FR 15680 - Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders: Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...APHIS-2013-0014] Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders: Public Meeting AGENCY: Animal and...APHIS) is soliciting feedback from our stakeholders regarding cross-Agency strategic...well as to provide an opportunity for stakeholders to ask questions and share their...

2013-03-12

268

Using Lessons From Public Affairs to Inform Strategic Philanthropy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although private, institutional philanthropy can be an engine of significant social change, often this possibility is not realized. This article creates a new framework to inform phil- anthropic strategy built from lessons gleaned from decades of public affairs research. Drawing on what is known about social change movements, government relationships with nonprofits, and nonprofit management, key questions help foundation staff

Jodi Sandfort

2007-01-01

269

Utilizing Information Technology in Innovative Marketing Approaches for Public Transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The original objective of this study was to scan the internet and other information technology sources to identify innovative marketing techniques that have been attempted to date by, in and surrounding the public transportation industry, and to solicit ideas for more unconventional applications that transit agencies and TDM professionals can consider. The investigation led to the uses, applications, marketing and

William P Morris; Kelly Robertson; Jeremy Spinks

2009-01-01

270

Critical Engagement: The Merging of Public Health Information Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

As academic libraries and computer centers move toward convergence, multiple issues must be addressed before successful models of merged operations can develop. The organizational model of merged public health information resources at the University of Michigan stands as a viable example of collaborative operations under a unified management stucture. The undertaking represents more than administrative shuffling to consolidate staff and

Nancy Allee; Darin C. Savage

1998-01-01

271

Information for rural development: challenge for Nigerian rural public libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nigeria is a developing country where the majority of the population live in rural areas. The majority of these rural dwellers are either non-literate or semi-literate. The need to involve them in the national development process cannot be overemphasized. This can be achieved through the identification of the information needs of rural dwellers and the provision of innovative rural public

Rose Bini Okiy

2003-01-01

272

Research and Publication Patterns in Library and Information Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research and publication patterns of thirty-four topranking researchers in library and information science (LIS) in Africa were surveyed. The researchers produced 294 papers during the 1990–1995 period which were considered for this study. The findings reveal that majority of the researchers were from universities and were based mainly in Nigeria and South Africa. The principal research centres, however, were

L. O. Aina; N. P. Mooko

1999-01-01

273

Mission-Driven Priorities: Public Health in Health Information Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing state- and nationwide health information exchange (HIE) is one of the health priorities defined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. States are expected to take leadership in statewide planning and implementation. To balance limited resources among mandated responsibilities and emerging HIE accountability, we maintain that state public health practitioners must integrate HIE into our mission- driven practice in

Barry Nangle; Wu Xu; David N. Sundwall

274

The notification collage: posting information to public and personal displays  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Notification Collage (NC) is a groupware system where distributed and co-located colleagues comprising a small community post media elements onto a real-time collaborative surface that all members can see. Akin to collages of information found on public bulletin boards, NC randomly places incoming elements onto this surface. People can post assorted media: live video from desktop cameras; editable sticky

Saul Greenberg; Michael Rounding

2001-01-01

275

[The role of information in public health decision-making].  

PubMed

Public health, prevention, health education and health promotion are inseparable from the concepts of information and communication. Information should respond as much as possible to the needs of professionals, decision-makers, and consumers who are more and more concerned and conscious of its importance in light of "information overload", various dissemination channels and the multiplicity of its sources. There are numerous issues at stake ranging from comprehension, to the validation of health information, health education, health promotion, prevention, decision-making, as well as issues related to knowledge and power. Irrespective of the type of choice to be made, the need for information, knowledge, and know-how is inseparable from that of other tools or regulatory measures required for decision-making. Information is the same as competence, epidemiological and population data, health data, scientific opinion, and expert conferences--all are needed to assist in decision-making. Based on the principle of precaution, information must increasingly take into account the rejection of a society which often reasons on the basis of a presumption of zero-risk, in an idealistic manner, and which also excludes the possibility of new risks. The consumer positions himself as the regulator of decisions, specifically those with regard to the notion of acceptable level of risk. All of the actors involved in the health system are or become at one moment or another public health decision-makers. Their decision might be based either on an analytical approach, or on an intuitive approach. Although the act of decision-making is the least visible part of public health policy, it is certainly the driving force. This process should integrate the perspective of all of the relevant players, including consumers, who are currently situated more and more frequently at the heart of the health system. Public health decision-making is conducted as a function of political, strategic and environmental issues; of lobbies and their power; and of social maturation. Decision-making is a necessity. Making the right choice at the right time requires high quality information, and it is often necessary to respect a certain amount of time for reflection and ripening of an issue in order to make the best possible decision. The media and consumers play an increasingly significant role in public health decision-making and in the ensuing legislative consequences and debates which come as a result. Access to information is changing, especially thanks to the Internet which is completely modifying the global scenery of knowledge and know-how. Information supports decision-making with calculated risk, and it offers the opportunity to make choices and decisions, recognising that "to choose, is sometimes to relinquish". PMID:19014090

Cecchi, Catherine

276

Are managers' and the general public's perceptions of risk communication needs in line? A French alpine valley case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Risk communication is a crucial element of risk management. It contributes to social capacity building by influencing the knowledge, attitude, behavior, psychology, as well as social and organizational aspects1,2. It is globally recognized that effective risk communication should address needs and requirements of targeted audiences, especially those of the public. This study compares needs and requirements related to risk communication as seen by the risk managers, with the needs and requirements as expressed by the general public. Two surveys were conducted in a mountainous region facing multi-hazards, the Ubaye valley (France). The first survey, conducted within the context of the Marie Curie Research and Training Network 'Mountain Risk', was addressed to the local community. It aimed at gathering perceptions, needs and requirements of the general public (344 respondents) on risk communication3. The second survey, conducted in the context of the Marie Curie Initial Training Network 'CHANGES', targeted risk managers (16 stakeholders of the authorities, technical services and emergency units) at both the local and the regional scale to evaluate their perceptions regarding risk communication with the general public. The needs and requirements were analyzed with respect to several dimensions: 1) the information provided to the public, 2) the legal requirements for communication, 3) the level of trust the population has in risk managers, 4) insights on awareness and preparedness, and 5) information on the media used in past communication efforts. Results of the analysis concerning the last dimension reveal that, while the general public mentioned press, official reports and technical reports as the top three media by which they received information, the risk managers cited the press but in contrast also selected radio and television. Other results indicate that a potential mismatch exists as more than 80% of the respondents of the population find all listed topics (from the description of the natural phenomena to information on the risk management options) as important or very important. Risk managers, however, believe that there is a low desire (18% to 40%) to receive more information on these topics.

Charrière, Marie; Sprague, Teresa; Bogaard, Thom; Greiving, Stefan; Malet, Jean-Philippe; Mostert, Erik

2013-04-01

277

Astronomy and the Mass Media: Public Information and Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a continuing demand for astronomical news, basic information, and imagery on the part of the entertainment and news media. The mass media thus represent a major channel by which students, colleagues, teachers, policy makers, and others are informally educated about space science and astronomy. We summarize the ways in which the AAS and other professional societies, as well as U.S. government agencies, transmit the results of astronomical research to the media, the criteria that media "gatekeepers" use to select what information actually reaches the public, and the considerations that astronomers should keep in mind when dealing with the press.

Maran, S. P.

1996-12-01

278

Public preferences about secondary uses of electronic health information.  

PubMed

IMPORTANCE As health information technology grows, secondary uses of personal health information offer promise in advancing research, public health, and health care. Public perceptions about sharing personal health data are important for establishing and evaluating ethical and regulatory structures to oversee the use of these data. OBJECTIVE To measure patient preferences about sharing their electronic health information for secondary purposes (other than their own health care). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In this conjoint analysis study, we surveyed 3336 adults (568 Hispanic, 500 non-Hispanic African American, and 2268 non-Hispanic white); participants were randomized to 6 of 18 scenarios describing secondary uses of electronic health information, constructed with 3 attributes: uses (research, quality improvement, or commercial marketing), users (university hospitals, commercial enterprises, or public health departments), and data sensitivity (whether it included genetic information about their own cancer risk). This design enabled participants to reveal their preferences for secondary uses of their personal health information. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Participants responded to each conjoint scenario by rating their willingness to share their electronic personal health information on a 1 to 10 scale (1?represents?low willingness; 10,?high willingness). Conjoint analysis yields importance weights reflecting the contribution of a dimension (use, user, or sensitivity) to willingness to share personal health information. RESULTS The use of data was a more important factor in the conjoint analysis (importance weight, 64.3%) than the user (importance weight, 32.6%) and data sensitivity (importance weight, 3.1%). In unadjusted linear regression models, marketing uses (? = -1.55), quality improvement uses (? = -0.51), drug company users (? = -0.80), and public health department users (? = -0.52) were associated with less willingness to share health information than research uses and university hospital users (all P?information, although differences were smaller among racial and ethnic minorities. The user of the information was of secondary importance, and the sensitivity was not a significant factor. These preferences should be considered in policies governing secondary uses of health information. PMID:23958803

Grande, David; Mitra, Nandita; Shah, Anand; Wan, Fei; Asch, David A

2013-10-28

279

Bedside rationing by general practitioners: A postal survey in the Danish public healthcare system  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: It is ethically controversial whether medical doctors are morally permitted to ration the care of their patients at the bedside. To explore whether general practitioners in fact do ration in this manner we conducted a study within primary care in the Danish public healthcare system. The purpose of the study was to measure the extent to which general practitioners

Michael Norup; Peter Rossel

2008-01-01

280

IFLA General Conference, 1985. Division on Libraries Serving the General Public. Section on School Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains two papers on school libraries which were presented at the 1985 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference. In "Teachers, Information and School Libraries," Noelene Hall (Australia) discusses the activities of an international working group set up by IFLA in 1984 to develop guidelines for the…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

281

Embedding General Education Competencies into an Online Information Literacy Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessing core competencies for students who are enrolled in purely online programs poses a challenge to colleges and universities. Our institution has chosen an existing online information literacy course to incorporate and assess general education competencies for an overseas cohort of transfer students. This article presents a brief overview of the course and describes the way in which the course

Srivalli Rao; Agnes Cameron; Susan Gaskin-Noel

2009-01-01

282

National Assessment of Educational Progress. General Information Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This, the second General Information Yearbook, is designed to assist the reader in understanding Assessment findings. Report 03/04-GIY relates especially to the learning areas assessed during the third and fourth years of the project: social studies, music, mathematics, and science. It presents an overview of National Assessment, describing its…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

283

Steganography of Multimedia Information Based on Generalized Chaos Synchronization System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a novel generalized chaotic synchronization system (GCSS), this paper introduces a steganography scheme to secret multimedia information. Firstly a sender uses the chaotic stream generated by the GCSS to mask a secret image and a secrete text according to prescribed rules. Secondly he uses the least significant bit (LSB) embedding method to embed the masked pseudo-liked messages into

Xiaohong Zhang; Lequan Min

2006-01-01

284

Nonconscious processing of sexual information: A generalization to women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexually competent stimuli may nonconsciously activate sexual memory and set up sexual responding. In men, subliminally presented sexual pictures facilitated recognition of sexual information (Spiering, Everaerd, & Janssen, 2003). The goal of the two experiments reported here was to investigate to what extent this result can be generalized to women. A direct replication in women failed in Experiment 1. In

Mark Spiering; Walter Everaerd; Petra Karsdorp; Stephanie Both; Marieke Brauer

2006-01-01

285

Scientific Coolections: Informational - Navigational Portal for Scientific Publications Access.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present there is the tendency of uniting efforts of scientific establishments and libraries for using information - communication medium with the purpose of information support of research and pedagogical activity in Moldova. The efficient access to the scientific and technical literature and, first of all, to the new publications, is necessary practically for all scientists and experts irrespective of a field of knowledge, in which they work. Research institutions, knowing how to receive access to the electron information and to use it intellectually, realize that it effects positively the quality and outcomes of the research process. It is obvious, that to ensure maximum utilization of the new information stream by habitual methods is impossible. New non-traditional approaches are necessary for the increase of the level of information provision of scientists and experts. Creation of electron libraries, realizing qualitatively other level of production, storage, organization and distribution of various information is the most effective way to gin this object. The access to the electron versions of scientific journals allows to reduce the acuteness of shortage of scientific literature, the electron information becomes accessible before the publication of paper version of a journal, and taking into account the delivery time of foreign issues into Moldova, this outstripping can reach several months.

Bogatencov, Petru; Kozlenco, Ludmila; Ginculova, Silvia; Keradi, Natalia

286

Health information: reconciling personal privacy with the public good of human health.  

PubMed

The success of the health care system depends on the accuracy, correctness and trustworthiness of the information, and the privacy rights of individuals to control the disclosure of personal information. A national policy on health informational privacy should be guided by ethical principles that respect individual autonomy while recognizing the important collective interests in the use of health information. At present there are no adequate laws or constitutional principles to help guide a rational privacy policy. The laws are scattered and fragmented across the states. Constitutional law is highly general, without important specific safeguards. Finally, a case study is provided showing the important trade-offs that exist between public health and privacy. For a model public health law, see www.critpath.org/msphpa/privacy. PMID:11794835

Gostin, L O

2001-01-01

287

International Information: Documents, Publications, and Electronic Information of International Governmental Organizations. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|International governmental organizations (IGOs) are constantly expanding their work and influence, yet their publications are among the most difficult documents for libraries to acquire, organize, and use. This authoritative reference work examines the documentation, publications, and computerized information services of such major IGOs as the…

Hajnal, Peter I., Ed.

288

Public Information, Private Information, and the Multiplicity of Equilibria in Coordination Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

I study coordination games with incomplete public and private information and relate equilibrium convergence to convergence of higher-order beliefs. As the players' signals become more and more precise, the equilibrium manifold converges to the correspondence of common knowledge equilibria, whenever the variance of the public signal converges to 0 at a rate faster than one half the rate of convergence

Christian Hellwig

2002-01-01

289

The nature of informational continuity of care in general practice  

PubMed Central

Background The availability of patient information to practitioners forms the basis of informational continuity of care. Changes in family practice that now encourage multiphysician clinics have meant that informational continuity of care has become crucial because it is likely that a patient will not continuously see the same doctor. Therefore a review of the nature of informational continuity is useful. Aim To answer the question ‘How is informational continuity developed in general practice?’. Design of study A rigorous systematic review of relevant electronic databases. Method Databases were searched for articles answering the research question. Articles focused on family medicine and informational continuity of care were included. Data from reviewed articles were independently extracted and reviewed by two researchers. Conceptual and evidence-based articles were included. Results Initially, 193 articles were obtained from all five bibliographic databases; 57 were retained following title and abstract review. Of these, 34 articles were included in the final systematic review. Results show that informational continuity of care is developed using paper/electronic records and remembered information collectively, through a series of doctor–patient consultations over time. Obstacles to its development are practitioners not recording patient information and patients not disclosing important details. Conclusion These findings have implications for newer styles of primary care that may have a negative impact in the successful management of chronic illnesses in particular.

Agarwal, Gina; Crooks, Valorie A

2008-01-01

290

Public Transport Information System for Visually Impaired and Blind People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an assistive system for the visually impaired and blind people which helps them using public transport means. The proposed system uses mobile phones as a medium for passenger information system and GPS (Global Positioning System), GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) and Bluetooth technologies for location and communication purposes. In the proposed system sound messages are given to the blind people via mobile phones which have dedicated software installed. This system has been implemented and tested in public transport in two pilot cities.

Markiewicz, Micha?; Skomorowski, Marek

291

Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

California Department of Health Services, Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications, Occupational Health Branch (OHB). HESIS offers California workers, employers, and health professionals up-to-date practical answers to questions about the health effects of workplace hazards. HESIS publications are available free of charge in limited quantities and may be reproduced for free distribution. You can read or download most of them here, You can read or download most of them here, or order printed copies by calling (866) 627-1586 or using the form on the webpage.

2008-01-30

292

46 CFR 503.34 - Annual report of public information request activity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Annual report of public information request activity. 503.34 Section...AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS PUBLIC INFORMATION Requests for Records Under the Freedom of Information § 503.34 Annual report of...

2011-10-01

293

76 FR 36565 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial Management Template AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD. ACTION...information: Title of Proposal: Public Housing Financial Management Template. OMB Approval Number: 2535-0107. Form Numbers:...

2011-06-22

294

76 FR 39418 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial Management Template AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD. ACTION...Information Title of Proposal: Public Housing Financial Management Template. OMB Approval Number: 2535-0107. Form Numbers:...

2011-07-06

295

A General Framework and Case Study for Information Quality Management in Cooperative Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of measuring and improving the quality of information resources is of particular interest in the area of Cooperative Information Systems, or CIS. In this deliverable, we flrst present a general methodological framework for the analysis of Information Quality issues in a CIS, and then focus on additional research topics within the framework. Speciflcally, we propose a model for

Paolo Missier; Carlo Batini

296

Bedside rationing by general practitioners: A postal survey in the Danish public healthcare system  

PubMed Central

Background It is ethically controversial whether medical doctors are morally permitted to ration the care of their patients at the bedside. To explore whether general practitioners in fact do ration in this manner we conducted a study within primary care in the Danish public healthcare system. The purpose of the study was to measure the extent to which general practitioners (GPs) would be willing to factor in cost-quality trade-offs when prescribing medicine, and to discover whether, and if so to what extent, they believe that patients should be informed about this. Methods Postal survey of 600 randomly selected Danish GPs, of which 330 responded to the questionnaire. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, version 14.0) was used to produce general descriptive statistics. Significance was calculated with the McNemar and the chi-square test. The main outcome measures of the study were twofold: an assessment of the proportion of GPs who, in a mainly hypothetical setting, would consider cost-quality trade-offs relevant to their clinical decision-making given their economic impact on the healthcare system; and a measure of the extent to which they would disclose this information to patients. Results In the hypothetical setting 95% of GPs considered cost-quality trade-offs relevant to their clinical decision-making given the economic impact of such trade-offs on the healthcare system. In all 90% stated that this consideration had been relevant in clinical decision-making within the last month. In the hypothetical setting 55% would inform their patients that they considered a cost-quality trade-off relevant to their clinical decisions given the economic impact of such trade-offs on the healthcare system. The most common reason (68%) given for not wanting to inform patients about this matter was the belief that the information would not prove useful to patients. In the hypothetical setting cost-quality trade-offs were considered relevant significantly more often in connection with concerns about costs to the patient (86%) than they were in connection with concerns about costs to the healthcare system (55%; p < 0.001). Conclusion Although readiness to consider cost-quality trade-offs relevant to clinical decisions is prevalent among GPs in Denmark, only half of GPs would disclose to patients that they consider this relevant to their clinical decision-making. The results of this study raise two important ethical problems. First, under Danish law physicians are required to inform patients about all equal treatments. The fact that only a few GPs would inform their patients about all of the relevant treatments therefore seems to contravene Danish law. Second, it is ethically controversial that physicians act as economic gatekeepers.

Lauridsen, Sigurd MR; Norup, Michael; Rossel, Peter

2008-01-01

297

A decentralized and informationally efficient mechanism realizing fair outcomes in economies with public goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a decentralized mechanism (called Lindahl Egalitarian), which yields Pareto efficient and envy free allocations\\u000a (i.e. fair outcomes). We show that the mechanism is informationally efficient in general production economies with an arbitrary,\\u000a but finite, number of private and public goods, and a finite number of agents. The mechanism reduces to the Walrasian mechanism\\u000a starting from equal wealth when

Jose Aizpurua; Antonio Manresa

1994-01-01

298

Printed information for the lay public on cardiovascular disease.  

PubMed Central

Booklets from several countries on various aspects of cardiovascular disease, intended for distribution to the public and to patients, could be classified into three categories dealing with primary prevention, secondary prevention, and management. Much material was duplicated, whereas some diseases were completely ignored. Only two types of booklets should be available. One would deal with preventive measures for all cardiovascular diseases, while the other would be a series of booklets on individual conditions, combining information on secondary prevention and on management.

O'Hanrahan, M; O'Malley, K; O'Brien, E T

1980-01-01

299

MEDWISE: An Innovative Public Health Information System Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present MedWise, a high level design of a medical information infrastructure, and its architecture. The\\u000a proposed system offers a comprehensive, modular, robust and extensible infrastructure to be used in public health care systems.\\u000a The system gathers reliable and evidence based health data, which it then classifies, interprets and stores into a particular\\u000a database. It creates a

Yasar Guneri Sahin; Ufuk Celikkan

300

Sharing MedlinePlus®/MEDLINE for Information Literacy Education (SMILE): A Dental Public Health Information Project  

PubMed Central

The SMILE project represented a partnership among the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Libraries, the Gateway Clinic in Laredo, and the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District. The project focused on improving dental practitioners' access to reliable information resources and integrating the best evidence into public health dental practice. Through its training program, SMILE cultivated a set of “power information users” among the dentists, dental hygienists, and community health workers (promotores) who provide public health preventive care and oral health education. The dental public health practitioners gained information literacy skills and increased their knowledge about reliable sites such as blogs, PubMed®, and MedlinePlus®. This project fostered opportunities for expanded partnerships with public health personnel.

Gaines, Julie K.; Levy, Linda S.; Cogdill, Keith W.

2012-01-01

301

Sharing MedlinePlus®/MEDLINE® for information literacy education (SMILE): a dental public health information project.  

PubMed

The SMILE project represented a partnership among the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Libraries, the Gateway Clinic in Laredo, and the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District. The project focused on improving dental practitioners' access to reliable information resources and integrating the best evidence into public health dental practice. Through its training program, SMILE cultivated a set of "power information users" among the dentists, dental hygienists, and community health workers (promotores) who provided public health preventive care and oral health education. The dental public health practitioners gained information literacy skills and increased their knowledge about reliable sites such as blogs, PubMed®, and MedlinePlus®. This project fostered opportunities for expanded partnerships with public health personnel. PMID:22040242

Gaines, Julie K; Levy, Linda S; Cogdill, Keith W

2011-01-01

302

A General Framework for a Collaborative Water Quality Knowledge and Information Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing knowledge about the environment has brought about a better understanding of the complexity of the issues, and more information publicly available has resulted into a steady shift from centralized decision making to increasing levels of participatory processes. The management of that information, in turn, is becoming more complex. One of the ways to deal with the complexity is the development of tools that would allow all players, including managers, researchers, educators, stakeholders and the civil society, to be able to contribute to the information system, in any level they are inclined to do so. In this project, a search for the available technology for collaboration, methods of community filtering, and community-based review was performed and the possible implementation of these tools to create a general framework for a collaborative "Water Quality Knowledge and Information Network" was evaluated. The main goals of the network are to advance water quality education and knowledge; encourage distribution and access to data; provide networking opportunities; allow public perceptions and concerns to be collected; promote exchange of ideas; and, give general, open, and free access to information. A reference implementation was made available online and received positive feedback from the community, which also suggested some possible improvements.

Dalcanale, Fernanda; Fontane, Darrell; Csapo, Jorge

2011-03-01

303

A general framework for a collaborative water quality knowledge and information network.  

PubMed

Increasing knowledge about the environment has brought about a better understanding of the complexity of the issues, and more information publicly available has resulted into a steady shift from centralized decision making to increasing levels of participatory processes. The management of that information, in turn, is becoming more complex. One of the ways to deal with the complexity is the development of tools that would allow all players, including managers, researchers, educators, stakeholders and the civil society, to be able to contribute to the information system, in any level they are inclined to do so. In this project, a search for the available technology for collaboration, methods of community filtering, and community-based review was performed and the possible implementation of these tools to create a general framework for a collaborative "Water Quality Knowledge and Information Network" was evaluated. The main goals of the network are to advance water quality education and knowledge; encourage distribution and access to data; provide networking opportunities; allow public perceptions and concerns to be collected; promote exchange of ideas; and, give general, open, and free access to information. A reference implementation was made available online and received positive feedback from the community, which also suggested some possible improvements. PMID:21336848

Dalcanale, Fernanda; Fontane, Darrell; Csapo, Jorge

2011-02-19

304

32 CFR 1700.3 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and requests. For general information on this Part, to inquire...FOIA Officer c/o Director, Information Management Office, Washington, DC...dni.gov . For general information or status information on...

2013-07-01

305

Applications of the generalized information processing system (GIPSY)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Generalized Information Processing System (GIPSY) stores and retrieves variable-field, variable-length records consisting of numeric data, textual data, or codes. A particularly noteworthy feature of GIPSY is its ability to search records for words, word stems, prefixes, and suffixes as well as for numeric values. Moreover, retrieved records may be printed on pre-defined formats or formatted as fixed-field, fixed-length records for direct input to other-programs, which facilitates the exchange of data with other systems. At present there are some 22 applications of GIPSY falling in the general areas of bibliography, natural resources information, and management science, This report presents a description of each application including a sample input form, dictionary, and a typical formatted record. It is hoped that these examples will stimulate others to experiment with innovative uses of computer technology.

Moody, D. W.; Kays, Olaf.

1972-01-01

306

Providing Personalized Traffic Safety Information to the Public: Using Web-Based Geographical Information System Technologies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main objective of this study was to explore and test the capability of existing web-based geographical information system (Web-GIS) technologies to personalize and disseminate traffic safety information to the public in a cost-effective manner. The We...

S. P. Miaou R. Tandon J. J. Song

2005-01-01

307

The Damned Information; Acquiring and Using Public Information to Force Social Change.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, new and powerful legal tools have been forged to get information on social problems into the hands of the public. Yet many people who would put the information to work know little or nothing about the tools for getting it. This book attem...

J. W. Hobson

1971-01-01

308

Application of the Council Directive of 15 July 1980 Laying Down the Euratom Basic Safety Standards for the Health Protection of the General Public and Workers against the Dangers of Ionising Radiation. Proceedings of the Information Seminar, Held in Luxembourg, 4 and 5 June 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Euratom Treaty has set the Commission the task to establish uniform safety standards to protect the health of workers and of the general public and ensure that they are applied. The review, primarily intended for representatives of the appropriate aut...

1983-01-01

309

The informed society: an analysis of the public's information-seeking behavior regarding coastal flood risks.  

PubMed

Recent flood risk management puts an increasing emphasis on the public's risk perception and its preferences. It is now widely recognized that a better knowledge of the public's awareness and concern about risks is of vital importance to outline effective risk communication strategies. Models such as Risk Information Seeking and Processing address this evolution by considering the public's needs and its information-seeking behavior with regard to risk information. This study builds upon earlier information-seeking models and focuses on the empirical relationships between information-seeking behavior and the constructs of risk perception, perceived hazard knowledge, response efficacy, and information need in the context of coastal flood risks. Specific focus is given to the mediating role of information need in the model and to the differences in information-seeking behavior between permanent and temporary residents. By means of a structured on-line questionnaire, a cross-sectional survey was carried out in the city of Ostend, one of the most vulnerable places to coastal flooding on the Belgian coast. Three hundred thirteen respondents participated in the survey. Path analysis reveals that information need does not act as a mediator in contrast to risk perception and perceived knowledge. In addition, it is shown that risk perception and perceived hazard knowledge are higher for permanent than temporary residents, leading to increased information-seeking behavior among the former group. Implications for risk communication are discussed. PMID:22150511

Kellens, Wim; Zaalberg, Ruud; De Maeyer, Philippe

2011-12-09

310

Designing public web information systems with quality in mind : Public reporting of hospital performance data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to describe evolution of a new public information web site, through evaluation-refinement prototyping cycles. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An expanding range of participants is being engaged in formal evaluations as the site design evolves. The Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level Score is applied to assess ease of reading in the wording used; the National Quality Forum guideline statements are

David Birnbaum; M. Jeanne Cummings; Kara M. Guyton; James W. Schlotter; André Kushniruk

2010-01-01

311

41 CFR 105-60.304 - Public information handbook and index.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...105-60.304 Section 105-60.304 Public Contracts and Property Management...System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration 60-PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF AGENCY RECORDS...

2013-01-01

312

GENERAL: Information entropy for static spherically symmetric black holes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By using the new equation of state density derived from the generalized uncertainty relation, the number of the quantum states near event horizon is obtained, with which then the information entropy of static spherically symmetric black holes has been discussed. It is found that the divergent integral of quantum states near the event horizon can be naturally avoided if using the new equation of state density without introducing the ultraviolet cut-off. The information entropy of black holes can be obtained precisely by the residue theorem, which is shown to be proportional to the horizon area. The information entropy of black holes obtained agrees with the Bechenstein-Hawking entropy when the suitable cutoff factor is adopted.

Jiang, Ji-Jian; Li, Chuan-An

2009-02-01

313

ATTITUDES TOWARD EUTHANASIA IN HONG KONG—A COMPARISON BETWEEN PHYSICIANS AND THE GENERAL PUBLIC  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings of a cross-sectional study that compared the attitudes of 618 respondents of a general household survey and a random sample of 1,197 physicians toward different types of euthanasia in Hong Kong. The general public was found to agree with active euthanasia and non-voluntary euthanasia and was neutral about passive euthanasia. On the other hand, physicians

Alice Ming-lin Chong; Shiu-yeu Fok

2004-01-01

314

Genetic research and donation of tissue samples to biobanks. What do potential sample donors in the Swedish general public think?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The aim of this study was to identify perceptions of the general public regarding research involving human tissues; to assess the public's willingness to donate samples to biobanks; and to identify factors associated with the willingness to donate samples. Methods: Cross-sectional survey. Postal ques- tionnaires to a random sample of the general public in Sweden, 18-80 years of age

Asa Kettis-Lindblad; Lena Ring; Eva Viberth; Mats G. Hansson

2006-01-01

315

Improving the Dissemination of United States Government Information: The Report of the Public Printer's Sales Publications Pricing Panel. (Reannouncement with New Availability Information).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Government Printing Office's Sales Of Publications Program was established by Congress to disseminate government information to the public at an economical price. It is one of the few government programs that operates on a selfsustaining basis. In fac...

S. M. Foss

1991-01-01

316

National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program: Bridging the Information Gap  

PubMed Central

In January 2001 the Pew Environmental Health Commission called for the creation of a coordinated public health system to prevent disease in the United States by tracking and combating environmental health threats. In response, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention initiated the Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) Program to integrate three distinct components of hazard monitoring and exposure and health effects surveillance into a cohesive tracking network. Uniform and acceptable data standards, easily understood case definitions, and improved communication between health and environmental agencies are just a few of the challenges that must be addressed for this network to be effective. The nascent EPHT program is attempting to respond to these challenges by drawing on a wide range of expertise from federal agencies, state health and environmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and the program’s academic Centers of Excellence. In this mini-monograph, we present innovative strategies and methods that are being applied to the broad scope of important and complex environmental public health problems by developing EPHT programs. The data resulting from this program can be used to identify areas and populations most likely to be affected by environmental contamination and to provide important information on the health and environmental status of communities. EPHT will develop valuable data on possible associations between the environment and the risk of noninfectious health effects. These data can be used to reduce the burden of adverse health effects on the American public.

McGeehin, Michael A.; Qualters, Judith R.; Niskar, Amanda Sue

2004-01-01

317

National environmental public health tracking program: bridging the information gap.  

PubMed

In January 2001 the Pew Environmental Health Commission called for the creation of a coordinated public health system to prevent disease in the United States by tracking and combating environmental health threats. In response, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention initiated the Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) Program to integrate three distinct components of hazard monitoring and exposure and health effects surveillance into a cohesive tracking network. Uniform and acceptable data standards, easily understood case definitions, and improved communication between health and environmental agencies are just a few of the challenges that must be addressed for this network to be effective. The nascent EPHT program is attempting to respond to these challenges by drawing on a wide range of expertise from federal agencies, state health and environmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and the program's academic Centers of Excellence. In this mini-monograph, we present innovative strategies and methods that are being applied to the broad scope of important and complex environmental public health problems by developing EPHT programs. The data resulting from this program can be used to identify areas and populations most likely to be affected by environmental contamination and to provide important information on the health and environmental status of communities. EPHT will develop valuable data on possible associations between the environment and the risk of noninfectious health effects. These data can be used to reduce the burden of adverse health effects on the American public. PMID:15471734

McGeehin, Michael A; Qualters, Judith R; Niskar, Amanda Sue

2004-10-01

318

Informing the public on space sciences in Hungary  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With an experience of almost 50 years in the dissemination of information to the Hungarian public on space related results and events the author summarizes some personal conclusions concerning the most effective methods and most frequent difficulties of this kind of activity. A special emphasis is laid on the requirement to use the language of the country (in our case Hungarian) to facilitate public understanding - how to find proper Hungarian expressions to frequently used scientific and space terms. A reference is made to the 16 language Multilingual Space Dictionary of the International Academy of Sciences (the author is guest editor of the Dictionary) distributed free of charge on the previous World Space Congress. Another important factor is the role of non-governmental societies in the teaching of space science to the public; some initiatives of the Hungarian Astronautical Society are reviewed which proved to be successful in the last four decades. Finally the recent problems and opportunities for outreach programs appearing with the wide-spread public use of the Internet are discussed.

Almar, I.

319

77 FR 1946 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request, Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management...Title: Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey. Type of information collection...519-0-1 T, Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey (Telephone); FEMA Form...

2012-01-12

320

Food allergy knowledge, attitudes and beliefs: Focus groups of parents, physicians and the general public  

PubMed Central

Background Food allergy prevalence is increasing in US children. Presently, the primary means of preventing potentially fatal reactions are avoidance of allergens, prompt recognition of food allergy reactions, and knowledge about food allergy reaction treatments. Focus groups were held as a preliminary step in the development of validated survey instruments to assess food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of parents, physicians, and the general public. Methods Eight focus groups were conducted between January and July of 2006 in the Chicago area with parents of children with food allergy (3 groups), physicians (3 groups), and the general public (2 groups). A constant comparative method was used to identify the emerging themes which were then grouped into key domains of food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs. Results Parents of children with food allergy had solid fundamental knowledge but had concerns about primary care physicians' knowledge of food allergy, diagnostic approaches, and treatment practices. The considerable impact of children's food allergies on familial quality of life was articulated. Physicians had good basic knowledge of food allergy but differed in their approach to diagnosis and advice about starting solids and breastfeeding. The general public had wide variation in knowledge about food allergy with many misconceptions of key concepts related to prevalence, definition, and triggers of food allergy. Conclusion Appreciable food allergy knowledge gaps exist, especially among physicians and the general public. The quality of life for children with food allergy and their families is significantly affected.

Gupta, Ruchi S; Kim, Jennifer S; Barnathan, Julia A; Amsden, Laura B; Tummala, Lakshmi S; Holl, Jane L

2008-01-01

321

Modelling, performance evaluation and planning of public transport systems using generalized stochastic Petri nets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Owing to the tremendous size of public transportation systems, the design process of routes and timetables follows a stringent order. Centred on hub-based networks, this paper deals with two important phases of this process: the computation of the core line frequencies and departure times. To provide more reliable connections at a reasonable cost, we use generalized stochastic Petri nets. As

R. Bouyekhf; A. Abbas-Turki; O. Grunder; A. El Moudni

2003-01-01

322

Increasing violence in Australian general practice is a public health issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

Violence is a serious public health issue and the medical profession has a role to play in tackling this issue. • Occupational violence is a significant problem in Australian general practice. • Doctors need training to recognise and manage patients at risk of becoming perpetrators or victims of violent behaviour, both to protect themselves and to reduce violence in the

Leanne Rowe; Michael R Kidd

323

Does the General Public Know the Extension Service? A Survey of Ohio Residents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents results of an assessment of the familiarity of the general public of Ohio with OSU Extension and the means of contact with OSU Extension. One-fifth of respondents were familiar with programs and services OSU Extension provides. Agriculture and Natural Resources area programs were most popular among those Ohio residents…

Loibl, Cazilia; Diekmann, Florian; Batte, Marvin T.

2010-01-01

324

The Effects of General Pretrial Publicity on Juror Decisions: An Examination of Moderators and Mediating Mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies examined three moderators (gender, attitudes, and media slant) and four mediators (accessibility, evidence importance, evidence plausibility, and standards of guilt) of general pretrial publicity's influence on juror decisions. In Study 1, participants who watched a prodefense rape story were more likely to report that they would need more inculpatory evidence to convict a defendant of rape than were

Margaret Bull Kovera

2002-01-01

325

Open Access to Field Research: Engaging the General Public and Dispelling Misconceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general public holds many misconceptions about the geosciences. Often, people confuse geologists with archaeologists, or believe geoscience careers are limited to petroleum and\\/or mineral exploration. People in resource-rich areas may have had only negative experiences with geoscientists, where resource extraction has come at the expense of quality of life and property. These misconceptions and negative perceptions are serious threats

A. E. Egger

2005-01-01

326

Awareness of prostate cancer among patients and the general public: results of an international survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to assess the level of awareness of prostate cancer (PCa) among the general public and PCa patients in Europe and North America. A survey was undertaken across four European countries (UK, Germany, Italy and Spain), and across the United States and Canada in late 2007. In total, 1008 men with PCa and their partners

J M Fitzpatrick; R S Kirby; C L Brough; A L Saggerson

2009-01-01

327

Preventive care in general practice in Australia: a public health perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is considerable potential in Australia for implementing effective preventive care strategies in the general practice setting, especially in the context of Australia's new health goals and targets towards the year 2000. There is a clear need for the clinical paradigm, which focuses on developing efficacious, intensive, practitioner-delivered lifestyle change interventions, to be integrated within a broader public health approach.

Brian Oldenburg; Neville Owen

1995-01-01

328

The Social Effects of Advertising as Perceived by Advertising Executives, Businessmen, and the General Public.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study attempts to compare the perceptions and self-reported behavior of high, middle, and low authoritarian advertising executives, business executives, and members of the general public concerning the social effects of advertising. For the advertising sample, a total of 393 men and women were selected according to their executive positions…

Surlin, Stuart H.

329

Public Secondary School Dropouts in Pennsylvania 2005-06: Report to the General Assembly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Act 49 of 1987 requires the Secretary of Education to provide the General Assembly with an annual report on public school dropouts in Pennsylvania. The purpose of this report is to document the actual number of students who drop out each year and to provide various characteristics about these students. The type of data collected about each dropout…

Bobek, Joanne R., Comp.

2007-01-01

330

Using science centers to expose the general public to the microworld.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Despite the remarkable progress in the past decades in understanding our Universe, we particle physicists have failed to communicate the wonder, excitement, and beauty of these discoveries to the general public. I am sure all agree there is a need, if our...

E. Malamud

1994-01-01

331

The Social Effects of Advertising as Perceived by Advertising Executives, Businessmen, and the General Public.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempts to compare the perceptions and self-reported behavior of high, middle, and low authoritarian advertising executives, business executives, and members of the general public concerning the social effects of advertising. For the advertising sample, a total of 393 men and women were selected according to their executive positions…

Surlin, Stuart H.

332

Engaging the faith community for public health advocacy: an agenda for the Surgeon General.  

PubMed

This article proposes an agenda for the Surgeon General of the United States that is consonant with the traditional public health approach of "upstream" and "midstream" intervention addressing social and institutional determinants of health. Accordingly, this features a prominent role for expanded partnerships between the faith-based and public health sectors. Such an agenda would revise the current status quo for the Surgeon General, whose celebrated bully pulpit is currently focused more on encouraging "downstream" compliance with federal guidelines related to lifestyle behavior modification. A new faith-based agenda, by contrast, could more effectively advocate for core features of the traditional public health ethic, including primary prevention, the multiple determinants of population health, communitarianism and social justice, and a global perspective, supported by the historic prophetic role of the faith traditions. PMID:23519766

Levin, Jeff

2013-06-01

333

Geography of Public Participation: Using Geographic Information Systems to Evaluate Public Outreach Program of Transportation Planning Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

How effective are public involvement programs in reaching a representative and sufficient sampling of public input for a planning study? While evaluations of public involvement programs are traditionally qualitative, this paper shows how geographic information systems (GIS) can provide an appropriate and productive means of quantitatively evaluating the effectiveness of an agency’s outreach program. This study used both mailing list

Daniel L Prevost

2006-01-01

334

76 FR 70471 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the: Study of Public Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Comment on the: Study of Public Housing Agencies...information: Title of Proposal: Study of Public Housing Agencies...households; (3) explore PHA perceptions of barriers to, or concerns...housing. Findings of this study will enable the U.S....

2011-11-14

335

IFLA General Conference, 1992. Division of Libraries Serving the General Public: Open Forum; Section on Libraries Serving Disadvantaged Persons; INTAMEL (RT); Mobile Libraries (RT). Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nine papers delivered at the Division of Libraries Serving the General Public at the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions 1992 annual meeting are presented. In addition to papers about libraries for disadvantaged persons, papers on services to children and young people and to the general public through mobile…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, London (England).

336

Educators and public librarians: unwitting partners in the information literacy education of South African youth?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on a study of the capacity of public librarians in South Africa for information literacy education. The first phase explores the conceptions of public library staff of their role in information literacy education. The second phase comprises a participant observation case study in two public libraries and interviews with teachers. The public librarians are found to have

Genevieve Hart

337

Entropy and information causality in general probabilistic theories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the concept of entropy in probabilistic theories more general than quantum mechanics, with particular reference to the notion of information causality (IC) recently proposed by Pawlowski et al (2009 arXiv:0905.2292). We consider two entropic quantities, which we term measurement and mixing entropy. In the context of classical and quantum theory, these coincide, being given by the Shannon and von Neumann entropies, respectively; in general, however, they are very different. In particular, while measurement entropy is easily seen to be concave, mixing entropy need not be. In fact, as we show, mixing entropy is not concave whenever the state space is a non-simplicial polytope. Thus, the condition that measurement and mixing entropies coincide is a strong constraint on possible theories. We call theories with this property monoentropic. Measurement entropy is subadditive, but not in general strongly subadditive. Equivalently, if we define the mutual information between two systems A and B by the usual formula I(A: B)=H(A)+H(B)-H(AB), where H denotes the measurement entropy and AB is a non-signaling composite of A and B, then it can happen that I(A:BC)informationally causal, and on the other hand we observe that Popescu-Rohrlich boxes, which violate IC, also violate strong subadditivity. We also explore the interplay between measurement and mixing entropy and various natural conditions on theories that arise in quantum axiomatics.

Barnum, Howard; Barrett, Jonathan; Orloff Clark, Lisa; Leifer, Matthew; Spekkens, Robert; Stepanik, Nicholas; Wilce, Alex; Wilke, Robin

2010-03-01

338

IFLA General Conference, 1987. Division of Collections and Services. Official Publications Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The six papers compiled here cover topics related to government publications and bibliography. In "The Impact of the Use of New Technology in Government Publishing on Libraries," Bernadine E. Abbott Hoduski discusses the impact of the use of new technology by government publishers on the dissemination of government information to libraries,…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

339

49 CFR 512.23 - Under what circumstances may NHTSA publicly release confidential information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Under what circumstances...CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION...23 Under what circumstances...information? (a) Information...information is relevant to...shorter notice is in the public...will include a statement of the...

2011-10-01

340

32 CFR 1907.03 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Contact for general information and requests. 1907.03 Section 1907.03 National Defense Other Regulations Relating...TO SEC. 1.8 OF EXECUTIVE ORDER 13526 General § 1907.03 Contact for general information and...

2013-07-01

341

32 CFR 1909.03 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Contact for general information and requests. For general information on this Part, to inquire about historical access to CIA records, or to make a formal request for such access, please direct your communication in writing to the Information and...

2013-07-01

342

32 CFR 1901.03 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Contact for general information and requests. For general information on this part, to inquire about the Privacy Act program at CIA, or to file a Privacy Act request, please direct your communication in writing to the Information and Privacy Coordinator,...

2013-07-01

343

Incidence of Online Health Information Search: A Useful Proxy for Public Health Risk Perception  

PubMed Central

Background Internet users use search engines to look for information online, including health information. Researchers in medical informatics have found a high correlation of the occurrence of certain search queries and the incidence of certain diseases. Consumers’ search for information about diseases is related to current health status with regard to a disease and to the social environments that shape the public’s attitudes and behaviors. Objective This study aimed to investigate the extent to which public health risk perception as demonstrated by online information searches related to a health risk can be explained by the incidence of the health risk and social components of a specific population’s environment. Using an ecological perspective, we suggest that a population’s general concern for a health risk is formed by the incidence of the risk and social (eg, media attention) factors related with the risk. Methods We constructed a dataset that included state-level data from 32 states on the incidence of the flu; a number of social factors, such as media attention to the flu; private resources, such as education and health insurance coverage; public resources, such as hospital beds and primary physicians; and utilization of these resources, including inpatient days and outpatient visits. We then explored whether online information searches about the flu (seasonal and pandemic flu) can be predicted using these variables. We used factor analysis to construct indexes for sets of social factors (private resources, public resources). We then applied panel data multiple regression analysis to exploit both time-series and cross-sectional variation in the data over a 7-year period. Results Overall, the results provide evidence that the main effects of independent variables—the incidence of the flu (P<.001); social factors, including media attention (P<.001); private resources, including life quality (P<.001) and health lifestyles (P=.009); and public resources, such as hospital care utilization (P=.008) and public health funds (P=.02)—have significant effects on Web searches for queries related to the flu. After controlling for the number of reported disease cases and Internet access rate by state, we estimate the contribution of social factors to the public health risk perception levels by state (R2=23.37%). The interaction effects between flu incidence and social factors for our search terms did not add to the explanatory power of our regression models (R2<1%). Conclusions Our study suggests a practical way to measure the public’s health risk perception for certain diseases using online information search volume by state. The social environment influences public risk perception regardless of disease incidence. Thus, monitoring the social variables can be very helpful in being ready to respond to the public’s behavior in dealing with public health threats.

Scammon, Debra L

2013-01-01

344

Exploring the Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Communication Preferences of the General Public regarding HPV: Findings from CDC Focus Group Research and Implications for Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United States, causing genital warts, cervical cell abnormalities, and cervical cancer in women. To inform HPV education efforts, 35 focus groups were conducted with members of the general public, stratified by gender, race/ethnicity, and urban/rural…

Friedman, Allison L.; Shepeard, Hilda

2007-01-01

345

Exploring the Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Communication Preferences of the General Public regarding HPV: Findings from CDC Focus Group Research and Implications for Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United States, causing genital warts, cervical cell abnormalities, and cervical cancer in women. To inform HPV education efforts, 35 focus groups were conducted with members of the general public, stratified by gender, race/ethnicity, and urban/rural…

Friedman, Allison L.; Shepeard, Hilda

2007-01-01

346

Views of the Scottish general public on non-medical prescribing.  

PubMed

Background Under UK legislation, suitably qualified non-medical professionals can practise as prescribers. Few studies have explored the views of the general public towards non-medical prescribing. Objective The aim was to explore the views of the Scottish general public on non-medical prescribing. Setting General community in Scotland. Method A pre-piloted survey was mailed to a random sample of 5,000 members of the general public in Scotland. In addition to the items on awareness of and attitudes towards non-medical prescribing, respondents were asked to 'give any other comments, issues or concerns you have in relation to health professionals other than doctors prescribing.' Responses were subjected to content analysis. Main outcome measures Key themes identified from content analysis. Results The overall questionnaire response rate was 37.1 % (n = 1,855) of which 27.2 % (n = 505) provided comments. Most were directly related to pharmacist prescribing (n = 312) while others referred to non-medical prescribers generically (n = 172) or other healthcare professionals (n = 79). Nine themes were identified: perception of knowledge and training; support for a limited range of non-medical prescribing; access to medical records; motivation and convenience; confidence, faith and trust; privacy and confidentiality; risks, controls and continuity of care; supervision and conflict of interest; communication and cooperation. Conclusions The findings identify support for non-medical prescribing but indicate the need for non-medical prescribers to engage more with the general public. The comments also provide insight into the challenges for non-medical prescribers, as they strive to fulfil their extended healthcare roles. PMID:23690252

Maclure, Katie; George, Johnson; Diack, Lesley; Bond, Christine; Cunningham, Scott; Stewart, Derek

2013-05-22

347

The Public's Needs (a la Maslow) Drive the Public's Receptivity to Information  

SciTech Connect

The communication problem of the nuclear industry is the same as any other nonmonopoly provider of products or services, i.e., to show the public that nuclear electricity is superior even though nuclear electricity itself is indistinguishable from any other electricity. The public wants to know how nuclear compares with other sources of electricity in almost any other way except detailed information on the ''nuts and bolts'' of how electricity is made. They want to learn first, that there is an adequate supply of nuclear fuel and that they will not have to degrade their lifestyle unless they choose to do so; second, that they are safe and that meaningful consideration has been given to public safety for nuclear energy generation, including waste disposal; third, that this method is accepted by reputable scientists; fourth, that their use of this method is decreasing world societal problems, causes of war, and causes of pollution; and fifth, that this method increases their ability to accomplish the things that one's potential allows.

Cramer, E.N.

1999-11-14

348

Attitudes of the General Public and General Practitioners in Five Countries towards Pandemic and Seasonal Influenza Vaccines during Season 2009/2010  

PubMed Central

Background Vaccination coverage rates for seasonal influenza are not meeting national and international targets. Here, we investigated whether the 2009/2010 A/H1N1 pandemic influenza affected the uptake of influenza vaccines. Methodology/Principal Findings In December 2009/January 2010 and April 2010, 500 randomly selected members of the general public in Germany, France, the United States, China, and Mexico were surveyed by telephone about vaccination for seasonal and A/H1N1 pandemic influenza. Also, in April 2010, 100 randomly selected general practitioners were surveyed. Adult vaccine coverage in December 2009/January 2010 for A/H1N1 pandemic and seasonal influenza were, respectively, 12% and 29% in France, 11% and 25% in Germany, 41% and 46% in the US, 13% and 30% in Mexico, and 12% and 10% in China. Adult uptake rates in April 2010 were higher in Mexico but similar or slightly lower in the other countries. Coverage rates in children were higher than in adults in the US, Mexico, and China but mostly lower in Germany and France. Germans and French viewed the threat of A/H1N1 pandemic influenza as low to moderate, whereas Mexicans, Americans, and Chinese viewed it as moderate to serious, opinions generally mirrored by general practitioners. The recommendation of a general practitioner was a common reason for receiving the pandemic vaccine, while not feeling at risk and concerns with vaccine safety and efficacy were common reasons for not being vaccinated. Inclusion of the A/H1N1 pandemic strain increased willingness to be vaccinated for seasonal influenza in the United States, Mexico, and China but not in Germany or France. Conclusions/Significance The 2009/2010 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic increased vaccine uptake rates for seasonal influenza in Mexico but had little effect in other countries. Accurate communication of health information, especially by general practitioners, is needed to improve vaccine coverage rates.

Blank, Patricia R.; Bonnelye, Genevieve; Ducastel, Aurore; Szucs, Thomas D.

2012-01-01

349

Consent for Use of Clinical Leftover Biosample: A Survey among Chinese Patients and the General Public  

PubMed Central

Background Storage of leftover biosamples generates rich biobanks for future studies, saving time and money and limiting physical impact to sample donors. Objective To investigate the attitudes of Chinese patients and the general public on providing consent for storage and use of leftover biosamples. Design, Setting and Participants Cross-sectional surveys were conducted among randomly selected patients admitted to a Shanghai city hospital (n?=?648) and members of the general public (n?=?492) from May 2010 to July 2010. Main Outcome Measures Face-to-face interviews collected respondents-report of their willingness to donate residual biosample, trust in medical institutions, motivation for donation, concerns of donated sample use, expectations for research results return, and so on. Results The response rate was 83.0%. Of the respondents, 89.1% stated that they completely understood or understood most of questions. Willingness to donate residual sample was stated by 64.7%, of which 16.7% desired the option to withdraw their donations anytime afterwards. Only 42.3% of respondents stated they “trust" or “strongly trust" medical institutions, the attitude of trusting or strongly trusting medical institutions were significantly associated with willingness to donate in the general public group.(p<0.05) The overall assent rate for future research without specific consents was also low (12.1%). Hepatitis B virus carriers were significantly less willing than non-carriers to donate biosamples (32.1% vs. 64.7%, p<0.001). Conclusions Low levels of public trust in medical institutions become serious obstacle for biosample donation and biobanking in China. Efforts to increase public understanding of human medical research and biosample usage and trust in the ethical purposes of biobanking are urgently needed. These efforts will be greatly advanced by the impending legislation on biobanking procedures and intent, and our results may help guide the structure of such law.

Wang, LiMin; Zhu, LiJun; Zou, HanBing; Kong, XianMing

2012-01-01

350

USGS: General Interest Publications - Earthquakes (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This on-line text offers chapters on: a Basic Description of Earthquake History, Where Earthquakes Occur, How Earthquakes Happen, Measuring Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Earthquakes, and Predicting Earthquakes. Originally published as a book in a series of general interest publications prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. Some figures in this version of "Earthquakes", however, have been changed for purposes of online presentation. Users can also view a text-only version.

351

Differing mental health practice among general practitioners, private psychiatrists and public psychiatrists  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Providing care for mental health problems concerns General Practitioners (GPs), Private Psychiatrists (PrPs) and Public Psychiatrists (PuPs). As patient distribution and patterns of practice among these professionals are not well known, a survey was planned prior to a re-organisation of mental health services in an area close to Paris METHODS: All GPs (n = 492), PrPs (n = 82)

N Younès; MC Hardy-Bayle; B Falissard; V Kovess; MP Chaillet; I Gasquet

2005-01-01

352

Consent for Use of Clinical Leftover Biosample: A Survey among Chinese Patients and the General Public  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundStorage of leftover biosamples generates rich biobanks for future studies, saving time and money and limiting physical impact to sample donors.ObjectiveTo investigate the attitudes of Chinese patients and the general public on providing consent for storage and use of leftover biosamples.Design, Setting and ParticipantsCross-sectional surveys were conducted among randomly selected patients admitted to a Shanghai city hospital (n = 648)

Yi Ma; HuiLi Dai; LiMin Wang; LiJun Zhu; HanBing Zou; XianMing Kong

2012-01-01

353

Attitudes to health care prioritisation methods and criteria among nurses, doctors, politicians and the general public  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this postal questionnaire study was to measure attitudes to health care prioritisation criteria among the Finnish general public (n=1156), politicians (n=1096), doctors (n=803) and nurses (n=667), altogether 3722 subjects. The questionnaire consisted of questions on background data, a list of seven alternative prioritisation methods and a list of 11 possible criteria for health care prioritisation.The most acceptable

Olli-Pekka Ryynänen; Markku Myllykangas; Juha Kinnunen; Jorma Takala

1999-01-01

354

Design Principles in the Development of (Public) Health Information Infrastructures  

PubMed Central

In this article the author outlines the key issues in the development of a regional health information infrastructure suitable for public health data collections. A set of 10 basic design and development principles as used and validated in the development of the successful New Zealand National Health Information Infrastructure in 1993 are put forward as a basis for future developments. The article emphasises the importance of securing clinical input into any health data that is collected, and suggests strategies whereby this may be achieved, including creating an information economy alongside the care economy. It is suggested that the role of government in such developments is to demonstrate leadership, to work with the sector to develop data, messaging and security standards, to establish key online indexes, to develop data warehouses and to create financial incentives for adoption of the infrastructure and the services it delivers to users. However experience suggests that government should refrain from getting involved in local care services data infrastructure, technology and management issues.

Neame, Roderick

2012-01-01

355

A power information user (PIU) model to promote information integration in Tennessee's public health community.  

PubMed

Observation and immersion in the user community are critical factors in designing and implementing informatics solutions; such practices ensure relevant interventions and promote user acceptance. Libraries can adapt these strategies to developing instruction and outreach. While needs assessment is typically a core facet of library instruction, sustained, iterative assessment underlying the development of user-centered instruction is key to integrating resource use into the workflow. This paper describes the Eskind Biomedical Library's (EBL's) recent work with the Tennessee public health community to articulate a training model centered around developing power information users (PIUs). PIUs are community-based individuals with an advanced understanding of information seeking and resource use and are committed to championing information integration. As model development was informed by observation of PIU workflow and information needs, it also allowed for informal testing of the applicability of assessment via domain immersion in library outreach. Though the number of PIUs involved in the project was small, evaluation indicated that the model was useful for promoting information use in PIU workgroups and that the concept of domain immersion was relevant to library-related projects. Moreover, EBL continues to employ principles of domain understanding inherent in the PIU model to develop further interventions for the public health community and library users. PMID:15494761

Sathe, Nila A; Lee, Patricia; Giuse, Nunzia Bettinsoli

2004-10-01

356

Identifying reaction of stock price to public information based on fuzzy c-means clustering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efficient markets hypothesis (EMH) maintains that market prices fully reflect all available information such as public or private information. Therefore, the study of analyzing the reaction of stock price to the information has attracted more and more attention. Here we proposed an effective measuring method using fuzzy c-means (FCM) for describing the reaction to public information, and further analyzing

Li Chao-Chao; Chi Kai; Fu Fang-Ping; Che Wen-Gang; Zhao Qing-Jiang

2010-01-01

357

Informing the public about information and participation strategies in the siting of mobile communication base stations: an experimental study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informing the public and ensuring their participation are considered important characteristics for a successful siting of mobile communication base stations. However, there is only sparse empirical evidence for this presumption. In particular, nothing is known about whether informing people that a siting decision is based on public information and participation activities has any positive effects. The experimental study presented here

Peter M. Wiedemann; Holger Schütz

2008-01-01

358

Geographic information systems in public health and medicine.  

PubMed

Geographic information systems (GIS) are increasingly being used in public health and medicine. Advances in computer technology, the encouragement of its use by the federal government, and the wide availability of academic and commercial courses on GIS are responsible for its growth. Some view GIS as only a tool for spatial research and policy analysis, while others believe it is part of a larger emerging new science including geography, cartography, geodesy, and remote sensing. The specific advantages and problems of GIS are discussed. The greatest potential of GIS is its ability to clearly show the results of complex analyses through maps. Problems in using GIS include its costs, the need to adequately train staff, the use of appropriate spatial units, and the risk it poses to violating patient confidentiality. Lastly, the fourteen articles in this special issue devoted to GIS are introduced and briefly discussed. PMID:15446613

Mullner, Ross M; Chung, Kyusuk; Croke, Kevin G; Mensah, Edward K

2004-06-01

359

Generalized mutual information tests applied to fMRI analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To analyze functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data sets, the physiologically induced signals have to be separated from noise or from artifacts as a result of involuntary patient motion or MRI detection techniques. In the past years various methods of analysis of fMRI data were proposed, however one of the unsolved problems is related to dependence of the results with the threshold applied within each analysis. An alternative fMRI time series analysis method based on information theory and Tsallis entropy is proposed to decrease this dependency. The method applies the generalized mutual information (GMI) concept. Within the fMRI framework the GMI between the hemodynamic response function of a given voxel and the paradigm slope is evaluated as a measure of the amount of information that the paradigm could be encoded by a given brain region or voxel. This value represented the activation of the voxels. However, the analysis relies heavily on the Tsallis q parameter, allowing for a broad spectrum of results. As a test of applicability of the method real fMRI data were obtained in a simple motor paradigm and subsequently analyzed with GMI for several values of a q as well as with classical methods (cross-correlation and Student's t-test). The simulated data were used to compare quantitatively the presented method with the classical ones by means of the construction of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The results showed the applicability of the GMI method as well as the range of optimum q-values.

Tedeschi, W.; Müller, H.-P.; de Araujo, D. B.; Santos, A. C.; Neves, U. P. C.; Ernè, S. N.; Baffa, O.

2005-07-01

360

75 FR 5620 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Contracting With...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PHAs can enhance the economic opportunities of public housing residents by allowing for an alternative...Agency Form Numbers: None. Members of Affected Public: State or Local Government; Public Housing Agencies (PHAs), Individuals or...

2010-02-03

361

Information technology in the age of emergency public health response  

Microsoft Academic Search

For over 20 years, our nation's public health system has continually struggled to combat ongoing and emerging public health threats and emergencies. Deadly threats have created considerable interest among healthcare providers, public health officials, state and local politicians, the Congress, and the President. As a consequence, substantial funding has been made available to federal, state, and local public health agencies

M. L. Popovich; J. M. Henderson; J. Stinn

2002-01-01

362

MEDWISE: an innovative public health information system infrastructure.  

PubMed

In this paper, we present MedWise, a high level design of a medical information infrastructure, and its architecture. The proposed system offers a comprehensive, modular, robust and extensible infrastructure to be used in public health care systems. The system gathers reliable and evidence based health data, which it then classifies, interprets and stores into a particular database. It creates a healthcare ecosystem that aids the medical community by providing for less error prone diagnoses and treatment of diseases. This system will be standards-compliant; therefore it would be complementary to the existing healthcare and clinical information systems. The key objective of the proposed system is to provide as much medical historical and miscellaneous data as possible about the patients with minimal consultation, thus allowing physicians to easily access Patients' Ancillary Data (PAD) such as hereditary, residential, travel, custom, meteorological, biographical and demographical data before the consultation. In addition, the system can help to diminish problems and misdiagnosis situations caused by language barriers-disorders and misinformation. MedWise can assist physicians to shorten time for diagnosis and consultations, therefore dramatically improving quality and quantity of the physical examinations of patients. Furthermore, since it intends to supply a significant amount of data, it may be used to improve skills of students in medical education. PMID:21110075

Sahin, Yasar Guneri; Celikkan, Ufuk

2010-11-26

363

Attitudes, psychology, and risk taking of potential live kidney donors: strangers, relatives, and the general public.  

PubMed

It is unclear whether potential living kidney donors and the general public differ in attitudes and psychological characteristics. We performed a case-control study to explore differences in these groups using a standardized questionnaire (analyzed using conditional logistic regression). Strangers (N = 42) were more willing than controls (N = 126) to incur risks: 64% strangers versus 35% controls accepting >50% medical complications (MC) risk; 90% strangers versus 61% controls accepting >8 days hospitalization; 71% strangers versus 43% controls accepting >3 months unpaid; 55% strangers versus 16% controls accepting 100% kidney failure (KF) risk; 70% strangers versus 34% controls accepting < or =10% likelihood of successful transplant (all p < 0.01). Relatives (N = 251) were also more willing than controls (N = 251) to incur risks. Strangers were most willing to incur MC, KF and transplant failure. Groups did not differ in attitudes, depression or anxiety. Potential stranger and related donors are willing to undergo greater risks with donation than the general public, but do not differ in other attitudes, depression or anxiety. This should help reassure transplant centers and the public that both forms of live donation do not necessarily involve increased ethical risks of donor coercion or irrational thought processes. Still, careful attention to communication of all risks of donation is warranted. PMID:15943625

Boulware, L Ebony; Ratner, Lloyd E; Troll, Misty U; Chaudron, Alexis; Yeung, Edwina; Chen, Shirley; Klein, Andrew S; Hiller, Janet; Powe, Neil R

2005-07-01

364

[Drug advertising to the general public: conceptual parameters of a risk producer practice].  

PubMed

This article analyzes some concepts relating to marketing, advertising, medications, regulation and manipulation. It discusses ethical and health surveillance parameters of drugs advertising for the general public. The focus of this work is the analysis of contradictions from a conceptual point of view between the practice of pharmaceutical advertising as a tool for the increase of sales and the conquest of markets versus the policy of rational use of medicines. Academic studies and monitoring of drugs advertising conducted by the National Health Surveillance Agency show that the contents of the advertising pieces oriented towards the general public overestimate the - sometimes dubious - qualities of their medication, focusing almost exclusively on the benefits and put them in a central position in the therapeutic process. They also fail to mention the risks inherent in their use. Rather than focusing on regulatory proposals aimed at creating constraints to this practice, this article discusses the impossibility, considering the interests of public health, of the coexistence of marketing with the policies for the correct, rational and safe use of drugs. PMID:21120330

Nascimento, Alvaro César

2010-11-01

365

Teaching children with autism to seek information: acquisition of novel information and generalization of responding.  

PubMed Central

A time delay procedure was used to teach 3 children with autism to ask the question "What's that?" when novel stimuli were presented during an instructional task. Once the ability to ask the question was acquired, the children's ability to learn novel information by asking the question was assessed. The children were then taught to ask the question within a less structured context. All three studies used a multiple baseline across participants. Generalization was assessed in a different room, to a new person, and to novel stimuli. All of the children learned to ask the question within the instructional context, while on a walk in the school building, and to request information about three-dimensional objects. The acquisition of novel information was consistent for receptive and expressive tests for 2 of the children, with varied results for the 3rd. These studies indicate that children with autism can be taught to ask questions that lead to the acquisition of new information.

Taylor, B A; Harris, S L

1995-01-01

366

77 FR 27467 - Proposed Information Collection; Request for Public Comment: Indian Health Service Loan Repayment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Proposed Information...Collection; Request for Public Comment: Indian Health Service Loan Repayment...requires 30 days for public comment on proposed...projects, the Indian Health Service (IHS)...

2012-05-10

367

78 FR 7436 - Request for Public Comment: 30-Day Proposed Information Collection: Indian Health Service...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Request for Public Comment: 30-Day Proposed...Information Collection: Indian Health Service Contract Health Services...contract with the IHS. Affected Public: Patients, health and medical care...

2013-02-01

368

Lake Erie water level study. Appendix H. Public information program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This appendix is a summary of the public information program carried out by the International Lake Erie Regulation Study Board during its study. The purpose was to determine the possibility of limited regulation of Lake Erie and the probable impacts. The public information program was initiated to inform the public of the study background and purpose, and to obtain public views and comments. The program consisted primarily of the mailing of a series of newsletters, followed by public meetings in seven cities in the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence System. This appendix includes all information issued by the Board through its newsletters as well as presentations made at the public meetings. It also contains the transcripts of the proceedings of the meetings as well as newspaper articles related to these meetings and the study. The appendix also summarizes the concern expressed by the public at the public meetings and through correspondence with the Board.

Not Available

1981-07-01

369

18 CFR 401.114 - Data and information previously disclosed to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...information previously disclosed to the public. 401.114 Section 401.114 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Public Access to Records and...

2013-04-01

370

75 FR 36387 - Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9168-2] Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study; Correction AGENCY: Environmental...21, 2010, announcing public meetings for the Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study. The document contained an...

2010-06-25

371

75 FR 19417 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment for Housing Choice Voucher (HCV...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Public Comment for Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Family Self-Sufficiency...information: Title of Proposal: Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Family Self- Sufficiency...voucher programs (now known as the Housing Choice Voucher Program) with public and...

2010-04-14

372

Basic Guidance for Public Information Officers (PIOs). National Incident Management System (NIMS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guidance was developed in coordination with Federal, State, tribal, and local Public Information Officers (PIOs). The goal of this publication is to provide operational practices for performing PIO duties within the Incident Command System (ICS). It ...

2007-01-01

373

Windows to the Universe: an Internet Resource Bringing the Earth and Space Sciences to the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Windows to the Universe is a World Wide Web site that presents information about the Earth and Space sciences as well as related historical and cultural topics to the general public in an attractive and user-friendly way. The site makes extensive use of graphically annotated button panels to allow intuitive navigation through the site. The site is graphics intensive, providing access to a rich archive of images, movies, animations and data collected by satellites, spacecraft, and ground-based instruments. Intended primarily as an innovative information resource for museums, libraries, and classrooms, content within Windows to the Universe is developed to complement K-12 science education needs. Content is available at three levels of sophistication, approximating the elementary, middle, and high school levels, and resources are available on-line for teachers including standards-based keyword search capabilities and classroom activities. Supplementary CD-ROMs are available for Mac and Windows-95 platforms that allow rapid access to images on the site, rather than requiring the user to download images over the Internet. This award-winning site is funded by the NASA Public Use of Remote Sensing Data Bases Program.

Johnson, R. M.; Alexander, C. J.; Burek, M.; Kozyra, J.; Lenhart, E.; Linker, J.; Mastie, D.; Ceritelli, M.; Thoenes, H.; Orselli, P.; Weymouth, T.

1997-07-01

374

Public good, personal privacy: a citizens' deliberation about using medical information for pharmacoepidemiological research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundEpidemiologists have long argued for access to personal medical information in order to undertake research in the public interest, while legislation and ethical guidelines have increasingly focused on protecting the privacy of individuals. How the public weighs up these public interest and privacy arguments is unclear.MethodsA citizens' jury was held to explore public views about the use of medical information

Lianne Parkin; Charlotte Paul

2009-01-01

375

Digital Broadband Content: Public Sector Information. OECD Digital Economy Papers, No. 112  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public bodies hold a range of information and content ranging from demographic, economic and meteorological data to art works, historical documents and books. Given the availability of information and communication technologies (ICTs) public sector information can play an important role in producing innovative value-added services and goods.…

OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2006

2006-01-01

376

Research on the Architecture of Multi-Agent System of Ningxia Public Commercial Information Service Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the model of Ningxia public commercial information service platform for SOA, this paper proposes architecture of multi-agent system (MAS) of public commercial information service platform. In the MAS of this architecture, the human-computer agent, the service agent, the service bus agent and the interface agent correspond to the interactive service layer, the application service layer, the commerce information

Jun Zhao; Lingfeng Liu

2010-01-01

377

A Comparison of Legal and Health Information Services in Public Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

While consumer movements have led to an increased demand for legal and health information, public libraries often experience difficulties in providing such information. Data were compared from two separate surveys of refernce librarians who provide legal and health information service in Ontario (Canada) public libraries. Respondents to the legal study (n = 77) and to the health study (n =

Patricia Dewdney; Joanne G. Marshall; Muta Tiamiyu

1991-01-01

378

Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The recent online publication of classified defense documents by the organization Wikileaks and subsequent reporting by the New York Times and other news media have focused attention on whether such publication violates U.S. criminal law. The Attorney Gen...

J. K. Elsea

2010-01-01

379

Awareness and utilization of peer support programs in Singapore public general hospitals.  

PubMed

To address the effects of acute, chronic and cumulative stress in the healthcare environment in Singapore, the Ministry of Health provided funding to develop a comprehensive crisis response management system (peer support programs/PSPs) that increases mental health awareness, provides emotional support to affected staff during work-related critical incidents and assists hospital management to better understand the emotional needs of the employees. This paper reports the awareness and utilization of PSPs in Singapore public general hospitals about one year after they were set up. PMID:23894802

Chan, Angelina O M; Kee, Jass P C; Chan, Yiong Huak

2012-01-01

380

THE IMPACT OF GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION ON THE UTILITY DERIVED FROM REAL-TIME PUBLIC TRANSPORT INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a study undertaken in Dublin, to ascertain passenger preferences for public transport information. The study examines the need for public transport information across three stages of a public transport trip. The stages examined are as follows; stage one: pre-trip planning from home to work, stage two: at-stop\\/station information, and stage three: pre-trip planning from

Brian Caulfield

381

Towards comprehensive national public transport information on the Internet: the PTI web site  

Microsoft Academic Search

The PTI website (Public Transport Information) can be found at http:\\/\\/www.pti.org.uld It provides a 'gateway' to traveller information on all public transport in the UK, essentially, it is an index of other Internet websites providing traveller information for all public transport modes. It covers travel within the UK (i.e. both Great Britain and Northern Ireland), and also includes the Channel

J Austin

1999-01-01

382

Ethics and Moral Intensity: An Analysis of Information Technology and General Education Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many current information technology positions that are generally regarded as unethical. This study finds that there are mixed results in the ethical judgments of today's students in addressing these common information technology issues. For all students surveyed, not all unethical information technology statements are opposed. The survey examines differences between information technology students and general education students and

Alan R. Peslak

2007-01-01

383

Risk, Efficacy, and Seeking of General, Breast, and Prostate Cancer Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigated the independent and interactive effects of perceived risk and perceived efficacy on seeking of general, breast, and prostate cancer information. Analysis of the 2003 Health Information National Trend Survey indicates that perceived absolute risk and perceived response efficacy have generally independent—rather than interactive—effects on cancer information seeking. The influence of perceived absolute risk on prostate cancer information

Xiaoli Nan; Jill Underhill; Hua Jiang; Hongmei Shen; Beth Kuch

2011-01-01

384

Risk, Efficacy, and Seeking of General, Breast, and Prostate Cancer Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigated the independent and interactive effects of perceived risk and perceived efficacy on seeking of general, breast, and prostate cancer information. Analysis of the 2003 Health Information National Trend Survey indicates that perceived absolute risk and perceived response efficacy have generally independent—rather than interactive—effects on cancer information seeking. The influence of perceived absolute risk on prostate cancer information

Xiaoli Nan; Jill Underhill; Hua Jiang; Hongmei Shen; Beth Kuch

2012-01-01

385

A Directory of Information Resources in the United States, General Toxicology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed are institutions and organizations which can serve as information sources on toxicology. Each entry gives the toxicology-related interests of the institution, holdings (of publications), publications of the institution, and information services provided. Poison control centers are listed separately as an appendix. Other appendices list some…

Library of Congress, Washington, DC. National Referral Center for Science and Technology.

386

A Directory of Information Resources in the United States, General Toxicology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Listed are institutions and organizations which can serve as information sources on toxicology. Each entry gives the toxicology-related interests of the institution, holdings (of publications), publications of the institution, and information services provided. Poison control centers are listed separately as an appendix. Other appendices list…

Library of Congress, Washington, DC. National Referral Center for Science and Technology.

387

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel. Revision 12  

SciTech Connect

This circular has been prepared to provide information on the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel (spent fuel) subject to regulation by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirements of general interest, a summary of data for 1979--1996 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

NONE

1997-10-01

388

75 FR 75464 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-12-03

389

75 FR 63473 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-10-15

390

75 FR 11534 - Notice of Public Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commissions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commissions for Extension Under...2010 SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-03-11

391

76 FR 15980 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2011. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2011-03-22

392

76 FR 3630 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2011. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2011-01-20

393

75 FR 67363 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-11-02

394

75 FR 67361 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension Under...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-11-02

395

The Economic Impacts of Open Access Policies for Public Sector Spatial Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments around the world are the largest producers of spatial information. Public sector spatial information is a major, but so far under-exploited asset, which could and should be a fundamental building block of the new economy and the information society. United States federal information policy is based on the premise that government information is a valuable national resource and that

Yvette PLUIJMERS

2002-01-01

396

Increasing Geoscience Literacy and Public Support for the Earthscope National Science Initiative Through Informal Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geology and geophysics are frequently perceived by the student, teacher, or adult non-geologist as "difficult to understand"; however, most non-geologists of all ages appreciate geological landforms such as mountains, volcanoes and canyons, and are interested in phenomena such as earthquakes and natural resources. Most people are also interested in local connections and newsworthy programs and projects. Therefore, the EarthScope Project is a perfect opportunity to excite and educate the public about solid-Earth geoscience research and to increase the non-geologist's understanding of Earth's dynamic processes. As the EarthScope Project sweeps across the country, the general public must be made aware of the magnitude, scope, excitement, and achievements of this national initiative. However, EarthScope science is difficult for the non-scientist to understand. The project is large-scale and long-term, and its data sets consist of maps, structural graphics, 3D and 4D visualizations, and the integration of many different geophysical instruments, all elements that are difficult for the non-scientist to understand. Targeted programs for students, teachers, and visitors to the National Parks will disseminate EarthScope information; in addition, museums and other informal science education centers can also play an important role in translating scientific research for the general public. Research on learning in museums has shown that museums educate an audience that is self-selected and self-directed (non-captive), includes family/groups, multigenerational, and repeat visitors, and requires presentation of information for a variety of learning styles. Informal science centers have the following advantages in geoscience-related education: (1) graphics/display expertise; (2) flexibility in approach and programming; (3) ability to quickly produce exhibits, educational programming, and curricula themed to specific topics of interest; (4) inclusion of K-12 teachers in the development of educational programs and materials for students, pre-service and in-service teachers, (5) family learning opportunities; (6) community-wide audience ranging from pre-K through Senior Citizen; (7) accessible, visitor-friendly and non-threatening resource site for science information for the community. Museums and other science centers provide concise, factual, reliable and entertaining presentations of the relevant information. It is not enough to simply report on the scientific research, museums educate through object-based and inquiry-based learning and experiential programming.

Aubele, J. C.

2005-12-01

397

Web-based general public opinion study of automated versus manual external chest compression.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Only a few cardiac-arrest victims receive external chest compression (ECC) by a bystander. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the general public might start ECC more often if they used an automated device rather than a manual massage. METHODS: Web-based public opinion survey based on two short videos, one showing manual ECC and the other automated ECC (Autopulse, Zoll, France). Advantages and disadvantages (perceived efficacy, reproducibility, hazard, apprehension and acceptability) of the two techniques were evaluated on a visual analogue scale (VAS). A VAS of 1-3 was considered to indicate preference for manual ECC, 8-10 for automated ECC and 4-7 for no clear preference. The final global score was the difference between advantage and disadvantage scores. RESULTS: Overall, 1769 persons answered the questionnaire. The median VAS score for each variable was as follows: 7 (25-75 percentiles, 5-9) for efficacy, 8 (3-10) for reproducibility, 5 (3-8) for hazard, 5 (2-8) for apprehension and 5 (2-8) for acceptability. The overall median score indicated that 1034 persons (58%) preferred use of the device, 618 (35%) preferred manual ECC and 117 (7%) had no preference. There was no significant difference in the preference according to gender, education and training in first aid. However, older persons (0) preferred the use of device. CONCLUSIONS: The better 'advantages over disadvantages' score for the automated ECC device over manual ECC indicated that the general public might envisage use of the device. This could contribute to increase the frequency of resuscitation attempts by bystanders. PMID:23558150

Lapostolle, Frédéric; Bertrand, Philippe; Agostinucci, Jean-Marc; Pradeau, Catherine; Tazarourte, Karim; Grave, Mélanie; Galinski, Michel; Adnet, Frédéric

2013-04-01

398

78 FR 54862 - Information Collection; General Program Administration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...online instructions for submitting comments. Mail: Courtney Dixon, Director, USDA/FSA/FLP, STOP 0521, 1400 Independence...information collection may be requested by contacting Courtney Dixon at the above address. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

2013-09-06

399

Generalized Method for the User Evaluation of Purchased Information Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first year of a two-year project to develop a method for user evaluation of purchased scientific and technical information services was directed at those services which provide information without interpretive evaluation or analysis. Using a case hist...

H. J. Hall

1975-01-01

400

Impact of Information About Sentencing Decisions on Public Attitudes Toward the Criminal Justice System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research reveals public dissatisfaction with perceived leniency of the criminal justice system. However, when asked to sentence hypothetical offenders, members of the public tend to choose dispositions similar to what current court practices prescribe. In two studies reported here, subjects completed a mock sentencing exercise and a general attitude survey. In an initial pilot study, they expressed general dissatisfaction with

Michelle D. St Amand; Edward Zamble

2001-01-01

401

Feasibility study of geospatial mapping of chronic disease risk to inform public health commissioning  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore the feasibility of producing small-area geospatial maps of chronic disease risk for use by clinical commissioning groups and public health teams. Study design Cross-sectional geospatial analysis using routinely collected general practitioner electronic record data. Sample and setting Tower Hamlets, an inner-city district of London, UK, characterised by high socioeconomic and ethnic diversity and high prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Methods The authors used type 2 diabetes as an example. The data set was drawn from electronic general practice records on all non-diabetic individuals aged 25–79?years in the district (n=163?275). The authors used a validated instrument, QDScore, to calculate 10-year risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Using specialist mapping software (ArcGIS), the authors produced visualisations of how these data varied by lower and middle super output area across the district. The authors enhanced these maps with information on examples of locality-based social determinants of health (population density, fast food outlets and green spaces). Data were piloted as three types of geospatial map (basic, heat and ring). The authors noted practical, technical and information governance challenges involved in producing the maps. Results Usable data were obtained on 96.2% of all records. One in 11 adults in our cohort was at ‘high risk’ of developing type 2 diabetes with a 20% or more 10-year risk. Small-area geospatial mapping illustrated ‘hot spots’ where up to 17.3% of all adults were at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Ring maps allowed visualisation of high risk for type 2 diabetes by locality alongside putative social determinants in the same locality. The task of downloading, cleaning and mapping data from electronic general practice records posed some technical challenges, and judgement was required to group data at an appropriate geographical level. Information governance issues were time consuming and required local and national consultation and agreement. Conclusions Producing small-area geospatial maps of diabetes risk calculated from general practice electronic record data across a district-wide population was feasible but not straightforward. Geovisualisation of epidemiological and environmental data, made possible by interdisciplinary links between public health clinicians and human geographers, allows presentation of findings in a way that is both accessible and engaging, hence potentially of value to commissioners and policymakers. Impact studies are needed of how maps of chronic disease risk might be used in public health and urban planning.

Smith, Dianna; Mathur, Rohini; Robson, John; Greenhalgh, Trisha

2012-01-01

402

77 FR 52051 - Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Electronic Stakeholder Survey-Office for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Public Comment: Electronic Stakeholder Survey--Office for International...information: Title of Proposal: Electronic Stakeholder Survey. OMB Control Number: XXXX-pending...information and proposed use: The Electronic Stakeholder Survey is necessary to collect...

2012-08-28

403

76 FR 16437 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Choice Neighborhoods  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment Choice Neighborhoods AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...following information: Title of Proposal: Choice Neighborhood. OMB Control Number: 2577-0269...000 of the HOPE VI appropriations for a Choice Neighborhoods Initiative...

2011-03-23

404

75 FR 37825 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment for the Housing Choice Voucher...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment for the Housing Choice Voucher Program; Application, Allowances for Tenant- Furnished...Lists the Following Information Title of Proposal: Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Program: Application, Allowances for...

2010-06-30

405

Valuation of scleroderma and psoriatic arthritis health states by the general public  

PubMed Central

Objective Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and scleroderma (SSc) are chronic rheumatic disorders with detrimental effects on health-related quality of life. Our objective was to assess health values (utilities) from the general public for health states common to people with PsA and SSc for economic evaluations. Methods Adult subjects from the general population in a Midwestern city (N = 218) completed the SF-12 Health Survey and computer-assisted 0-100 rating scale (RS), time trade-off (TTO, range: 0.0-1.0) and standard gamble (SG, range: 0.0-1.0) utility assessments for several hypothetical PsA and SSc health states. Results Subjects included 135 (62%) females, 143 (66%) Caucasians, and 62 (28%) African-Americans. The mean (SD) scores for the SF-12 Physical Component Summary scale were 52.9 (8.3) and for the SF-12 Mental Component Summary scale were 49.0 (9.1), close to population norms. The mean RS, TTO, and SG scores for PsA health states varied with severity, ranging from 20.2 to 63.7 (14.4-20.3) for the RS 0.29 to 0.78 (0.24-0.31) for the TTO, and 0.48 to 0.82 (0.24-0.34) for the SG. The mean RS, TTO, and SG scores for SSc health states were 25.3-69.7 (15.2-16.3) for the RS, 0.36-0.80 (0.25-0.31) for the TTO, and 0.50-0.81 (0.26-0.32) for the SG, depending on disease severity. Conclusion Health utilities for PsA and SSc health states as assessed from the general public reflect the severity of the diseases. These descriptive findings could have implications regarding comparative effectiveness research for tests and treatments for PsA and SSc.

2010-01-01

406

26 CFR 20.2055-1 - Deduction for transfers for public, charitable, and religious uses; in general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...charitable, and religious uses; in general. 20.2055-1 Section 20.2055-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE...DYING AFTER AUGUST 16, 1954 Taxable Estate § 20.2055-1 Deduction for transfers for public,...

2010-04-01

407

26 CFR 20.2055-1 - Deduction for transfers for public, charitable, and religious uses; in general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...charitable, and religious uses; in general. 20.2055-1 Section 20.2055-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE...DYING AFTER AUGUST 16, 1954 Taxable Estate § 20.2055-1 Deduction for transfers for public,...

2009-04-01

408

INFORMATION LITERACY AND PUBLIC LIBRARY SERVICES IN WEST BENGAL, INDIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information literacy is a critical component of this information age. An informed citizen is the basis of an active democracy and information literacy is important for sustaining democratic institutions. The objective of the UN Literacy Decade (2003-2012) is to provide information literate environments. The National Literacy Mission in India has given stress on 'skill improvement to improve economic status and

Ratna Bandyopadhyay

409

The effect of information on public acceptance--the case of water from alternative sources.  

PubMed

This study aims to provide conclusive evidence that information about water from alternative sources increases public acceptance. We conducted an experiment with 1000 Australian respondents asking them about their acceptance of recycled and desalinated water for a range of purposes under two conditions: 1) no information provided and 2) information about the production process provided. Results indicate that - both for desalinated and recycled water - the stated likelihood of use increases significantly if people are provided with information about the production process. This has major implications for public policy makers indicating that providing factual information (as opposed to persuasive campaigns) will increase public support of water augmentation projects. PMID:20227166

Dolnicar, Sara; Hurlimann, Anna; Nghiem, Long Duc

2010-03-12

410

Integrating open-source technologies to build low-cost information systems for improved access to public health data.  

PubMed

Effective public health practice relies on the availability of public health data sources and assessment tools to convey information to investigators, practitioners, policy makers, and the general public. Emerging communication technologies on the Internet can deliver all components of the "who, what, when, and where" quartet more quickly than ever with a potentially higher level of quality and assurance, using new analysis and visualization tools. Open-source software provides the opportunity to build low-cost information systems allowing health departments with modest resources access to modern data analysis and visualization tools. In this paper, we integrate open-source technologies and public health data to create a web information system which is accessible to a wide audience through the Internet. Our web application, "EpiVue," was tested using two public health datasets from the Washington State Cancer Registry and Washington State Center for Health Statistics. A third dataset shows the extensibility and scalability of EpiVue in displaying gender-based longevity statistics over a twenty-year interval for 3,143 United States counties. In addition to providing an integrated visualization framework, EpiVue's highly interactive web environment empowers users by allowing them to upload their own geospatial public health data in either comma-separated text files or MS Excel spreadsheet files and visualize the geospatial datasets with Google Maps. PMID:18541035

Yi, Qian; Hoskins, Richard E; Hillringhouse, Elizabeth A; Sorensen, Svend S; Oberle, Mark W; Fuller, Sherrilynne S; Wallace, James C

2008-06-09

411

Telematics and sentinel health information system with general practitioners in Aquitaine, southwest France.  

PubMed

A sentinel health information system using a telematics system to collect epidemiological data from a network of general practitioners (GPs) making up 5% of the GP population was set up in October 1986 in Aquitaine, France. In the first year, four topics were under surveillance. The GPs reported data for each case diagnosed by filling out a questionnaire displayed on their home terminal (Minitel), which transmitted the data by standard telephone lines to a central minicomputer located in the Bordeaux University Medical Centre. Regular feedback was provided to the participating GPs, public health officials and the Bordeaux Medical School. A detailed report of GP participation is presented, the reliability of our findings is discussed in terms of the motivational factors of participants, and the usefulness of the system is evaluated both for immediate teaching implications and for future research possibilities. PMID:2622292

Maurice, S; Salamon, R; Dabis, F

412

40 CFR 1400.3 - Public access to paper copies of off-site consequence analysis information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...consequence analysis information. 1400.3 Section...REQUIREMENTS; RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS UNDER THE...CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION OF OFF-SITE...CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION Public Access...

2013-07-01

413

Comparison of Information Technology in General Practice in 10 Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study commissioned by Canada Health Infoway provides a comparative analysis of automation in general practice in 10 countries. The most common clinical application is the automation of medication prescriptions - even if it is not a mandatory requirement as it is in Norway. It is the clinical application that provides one of the biggest benefits to general practitioners as

Denis Protti

414

Information Technology governance practices in Malaysian public sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations need to establish effective IT governance practices in order to stay competitive. The aim of this research is to determine the extent of IT governance practices in Malaysian public sector and to determine factors contributes towards IT governance practices. Questionnaire was constructed and distributed to IT management level personnel in public agencies in Klang Valley and Putrajaya. From the

Siti Sarah Maidin; Noor Habibah Arshad

2010-01-01

415

Validation of information recorded on general practitioner based computerised data resource in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine the extent of agreement between clinical information recorded on surgery computers of selected general practitioners and similar information in manual records of letters received from hospital consultants and kept in the general practitioners' files. DESIGN--Hospital consultants' letters in the manual records of selected general practitioners were photocopied and the consultants' clinical diagnoses were compared with diagnoses recorded on

H Jick; S S Jick; L E Derby

1991-01-01

416

Analysis of outliers and public information arrivals using wavelet transform modulus maximum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The financial data are usually highly noisy and contain outliers, while detecting outliers is important but hard problem. On the other hand, efficient markets hypothesis demonstrates that market prices fully reflect all available information. Furthermore, previous studies suggest that public information arrivals could lead to volatility of stock prices. Therefore, the study of analyzing the relation between outliers and public

Xiao-Di Liu; Wen-Gang Che; Kai Chi; Qing-Jiang Zhao

2010-01-01

417

Toward a framework for understanding lay public's comprehension of disaster and bioterrorism information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade, we have witnessed a significant increase in disaster preparedness and crisis communication efforts. This stands in sharp contrast with paucity of research that deals with the public’s comprehension of disaster information and related decision-making. The objective of this paper is to outline a theoretical and methodological framework for research on lay comprehension of crisis information. The

Alla Keselman; Laura Slaughter; Vimla L. Patel

2005-01-01

418

The Medium and the Telephone: The Politics of Information Resources. Publication 76-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The web of relations among present and prospective changes in information systems provides a background against which public policy on information and telecommunication can be assessed. Telecommunication networks, broadcast regulation, and private line services all provide resources for news dissemination to the public. The costs, prices, and…

Berman, Paul J.; Oettinger, Anthony G.

419

Information Literacy, Learning, and the Public Library: A Study of Danish High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper reports on a study of 12 Danish high school students' perceptions of public libraries' role in learning, user education, information literacy, and librarians' information competencies. The study is undertaken by use of literature review and interviews with a purposive select sample of public library users in Denmark. The study…

Nielsen, Bo Gerner; Borlund, Pia

2011-01-01

420

Quality library and information science education in Nigeria: The place of public–private collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper espouses the rationale for public–private sector collaboration for quality library and information science education in Nigeria. In all the phases librarianship has passed through in Nigeria, it has been public sector sponsored. The paper identifies ways in which the private sector could participate towards ensuring quality library and information science education in Nigeria. It identifies the token presence

Augonus Nnamdi Uhegbu

2011-01-01

421

The Association of Knowledge with Concern About Global Warming: Trusted Information Sources Shape Public Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decade, a great deal of news media attention has focused on informing the American public about scientific findings on global warming (GW). Has learning this sort of information led the American public to become more concerned about GW? Using data from two surveys of nationally representative samples of American adults, this article shows that the relation between

Ariel Malka; Jon A. Krosnick; Gary Langer

2009-01-01

422

Application of statistical machine translation to public health information: a feasibility study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveAccurate, understandable public health information is important for ensuring the health of the nation. The large portion of the US population with Limited English Proficiency is best served by translations of public-health information into other languages. However, a large number of health departments and primary care clinics face significant barriers to fulfilling federal mandates to provide multilingual materials to Limited

Katrin Kirchhoff; Anne M Turner; Amittai Axelrod; Francisco Saavedra

2011-01-01

423

Overview of new technology information systems for public transport passengers in French towns  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent development of dynamic information systems for public transport passengers in numerous French towns and cities is based on two major technological innovations: videotex, which is in more widespread public use in France than anywhere else; and electronic control of bus fleets (AVM). This article gives a first brief survey of this development. It describes the main dynamic information

Pierre Lassave; Alain Meyere

1990-01-01

424

76 FR 24911 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Physical Needs...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Physical Needs Assessment AGENCY: Office of the...impact of the Capital Fund in meeting the physical needs based upon review of the annual...Information Title of Proposal: Public Housing Physical Needs Assessment. OMB Approval...

2011-05-03

425

Propagandizing in the interest of war: A rhetorical study of the committee on public information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Committee on Public Information was created by President Woodrow Wilson in 1917 and charged with informing the public about the European War. The Committee undertook a vigorous campaign which included censorship of official press releases, advertising, production of patriotic films, release of pamphlets and newspapers, and a national speaking program. This essay describes rhetorical strategies used by the Committee,

Thomas A. Hollihan

1984-01-01

426

On the government information publicity in earthquake calamity—Taking Qinghai Yushu Earthquake as example  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government Information disclosure, as a wide range of issues, has a positive impact on the construction of socialist democratic politics and on government scientific decision-making to prevent the corruption of power. In the sudden public crisis, government's information disclosure is the key to effective government response to the incident. It will help the government to better safeguard social public security,

Chuan-hui Zhang; Bo Zhou

2011-01-01

427

The Public Library, Social Exclusion and the Information Society in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The digital divide is now a commonly recognised feature of information society. This article explores recent develop- ments in the United Kingdom (UK) which attempt to address this issue, and examines national and local information policy, community networking, and public library policy. It assesses the claim, common in the UK public library com- munity, that the wiring up of the

Martin Dutch; Dave Muddiman

2001-01-01

428

Facilitating community information seeking using the Internet: Findings from three public library-community network systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report findings from a recent study of how public libraries are using on-line community networks to facilitate the public's information seeking and use in everyday situations. These networks have been lauded for their potential to strengthen physical communities through increasing information flow about local services and events, and through facilitating civic interaction. However, little is known about how the

Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Kenton T. Unruh

2002-01-01

429

Public library computer training for older adults to access high-quality Internet health information  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative experiment to develop and evaluate a public library computer training program to teach older adults to access and use high-quality Internet health information involved a productive collaboration among public libraries, the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and a Library and Information Science (LIS) academic program at

Bo Xie; Julie M. Bugg

2009-01-01

430

Propagandizing in the Interest of War: A Rhetorical Study of the Committee on Public Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Committee on Public Information was created by President Woodrow Wilson in 1917 and charged with informing the public about the war in Europe. Under the leadership of newspaper publisher George Creel, the Committee undertook a vigorous campaign that included censorship of government press releases; the production of posters, films, and…

Hollihan, Thomas A.

431

41 CFR 105-68.335 - What information must I provide before entering into a covered transaction with the General...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management...with the General Services Administration? 105-68.335 Section 105-68.335 Public Contracts and Property Management...Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional...

2013-01-01

432

Information resources on chemistry and natural sciences in general  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Information about the former and current status of many scientific journals is summarized. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Newly-created journals (sometimes based on old ones), cessation of issues, journals incorporated into others, merged and split journals are mentioned. Information about a large number of scientific publishers (publishing houses, scientific institutions and organizations, educational institutions, societies, associations, federations, unions and companies) which

Alexei N. Pankratov

2005-01-01

433

Performance Information about Public Organisations and Citizens' Political Attitudes and Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

http:\\/\\/www.huss.ex.ac.uk\\/politics\\/staff\\/james\\/index .php Abstract: In recent years there has been a substantial incre ase in publicly available performance information about public organisations and services. Whilst there has been much research on the internal uses of this information w ithin the state, especially by public managers, there has been much less work on the effe cts on citizens' political attitudes and participation.

Oliver James

434

An Empirical Study of the Reuse of Software Licensed under the GNU General Public License  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Software licensing is a complex issue in free and open source software (FOSS), specially when it involves the redistribution of derived works. The creation of derivative works created from components with different FOSS licenses poses complex challenges, particularly when one of the components is licensed under the terms of one of the versions of the GNU General Public License (GPL). This paper describes an empirical study of the manner in which GPLed licensed software is combined with components under different FOSS licenses. We have discovered that FOSS software developers have found interesting methods to create derivative works with GPLed software that legally circumvent the apparent restrictions of the GPL. In this paper we document these methods and show that FOSS licenses interact in complex and unexpected ways. In most of these cases the goal of the developers (both licensors and licensees) is to further increase the commons of FOSS.

German, Daniel M.; González-Barahona, Jesús M.

435

The need for advanced public transport information services when making transfers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a stated choice experiment examining the determinants of travelers' need and willingness to pay for advanced public transport information services. Specific attention is given to the role of making transfers in the decision to acquire specific types of information. Intercity train travelers are asked to choose among information services that varied in type of information provided

Eric Molin; Caspar Chorus; Ruud van Sloten

2007-01-01

436

Essential health information available for India in the public domain on the internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Health information and statistics are important for planning, monitoring and improvement of the health of populations. However, the availability of health information in developing countries is often inadequate. This paper reviews the essential health information available readily in the public domain on the internet for India in order to broadly assess its adequacy and inform further development. METHODS: The

Magdalena Z Raban; Rakhi Dandona; Lalit Dandona

2009-01-01

437

10 CFR 745.116 - General requirements for informed consent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 4 2009-01-01 2009-01-01...745.116 Section 745.116 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 745.116 General...A disclosure of appropriate alternative procedures or courses of...

2009-01-01

438

10 CFR 745.116 - General requirements for informed consent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01...745.116 Section 745.116 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 745.116 General...A disclosure of appropriate alternative procedures or courses of...

2010-01-01

439

[General Agreement on Trade in Services and its implications for public health].  

PubMed

Due to the economic importance of the service sector and its trade potential, in 1995 the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched the General Agreement on Trade in Services with the objective of liberalizing trade in services worldwide and of establishing rules and disciplines to regulate it. Until now, the Agreement has produced few case laws on its rules and some of them are in the process of being developed, which makes the Agreement ambiguous and hampers accurate forecasting of its implications. Nevertheless, some analysts consider that certain characteristics and rules represent a threat to the funding mechanisms of public services and to the sovereignty of governments to generate their own rules. Moreover, the Agreement would lead to irreversible formalization of commitments, without the possibility of returning to previous conditions in the case of failure of the market and/or private participation. In addition, the Agreement acts against exclusive monopolies and providers and to a certain extent this will affect subsidies to local providers. The ability of the European Communities Court of Justice to enforce the implementation of competitive measures in public services has produced uncertainty because of the implications for health services. The Spanish Agreement with the WTO contains many questions that remain open, representing an opportunity for the participation of the health sector in the next negotiation rounds. PMID:16483527

Umaña-Peña, Román; Alvarez-Dardet, Carlos

440

Knowledge, motivation, and behavior patterns of the general public towards sun protection.  

PubMed

The general public has long been educated about the harms of ultraviolet (UV) exposure and the benefits of photoprotection. Many organizations have worked in close collaboration to deliver the photoprotection message through a variety of programs. Most address the health-related consequences of UV radiation, although appearance-based strategies have also been initiated. As is common with preventative health measures, these intervention efforts have not resulted in meaningful changes in public behavior despite providing seemingly adequate knowledge to do so. Behaviors are often difficult to change on a societal, personal, and biological level. Within these categories, there are unique reasons for the unsatisfactory outcome with photoprotection such as (1) tan is perceived as beautiful, (2) the knowledge conveyed is often superficial, (3) there is a lack of immediate risk/reward, and (4) UV has reinforcing effects on mood. We propose that better results could be achieved by creating interventions focused on demographic subsets of the population. Specific techniques include anti-tanning legislature, age or gender-based screening campaigns, anti-tan beauty campaigns, and UV photography. Future photoprotection messages should shift from purely promoting knowledge to inspiring improvements in behavior with targeted strategies. PMID:20354635

Goulart, Jacqueline M; Wang, Steven Q

2010-04-01

441

Measurements of ELF electromagnetic exposure of the general public from Belgian power distribution substations.  

PubMed

In this paper, the exposure of the general public due to distribution substations of 11/0.22-0.4 kV is investigated. The substations are categorized according to their location (substations in buildings, detached substations, substations between two houses, and underground substations in the pavement), and eight relevant substations are selected to perform measurements of the electromagnetic fields. The purpose of this paper is to determine the "minimum distances" for the general public--defined as the distances outside which the field levels do not exceed a certain field value--of these substations. In total, 637 field measurements were performed: 358 measurements of the magnetic field and 279 measurements of the electric field in different locations. Measured momentary magnetic field values are within the range of 0.025 to 47.39 microT. Electric fields are within the range 0.1 to 536 V m(-1). Also, magnetic field measurements as a function of the height above the ground were performed. The maximal magnetic (values over one day) and electric fields for all the investigated substations were below 100 microT and 5 kV m(-1), respectively. For exposure over a year, all substations except one delivered values below 100 microT. For the substation producing a magnetic field above 100 microT, a minimum distance of about 0.5 m was obtained. When comparing the average exposure with the value of 0.4 microT, minimum distances of maximally 5.4 m (average day) and 7.2 m (average year) were obtained. PMID:18091152

Joseph, Wout; Verloock, Leen; Martens, Luc

2008-01-01

442

Public consultation in public policy information: a state-of-the-art report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the National Waste Terminal Storage (NWTS) Program is to site, construct and operate nuclear waste repositories at several locations. Recent experience indicates that the public is aware of the problems of nuclear waste disposal, and correspondingly there is public concern about how and where to dispose of nuclear wastes. The selection of sites involves a wide range

A. B. Bishop; M. McKee; R. D. Hansen

1977-01-01

443

The Public's Needs (a la Maslow) Drive the Public's Receptivity to Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The communication problem of the nuclear industry is the same as any other nonmonopoly provider of products or services, i.e., to show the public that nuclear electricity is superior even though nuclear electricity itself is indistinguishable from any other electricity. The public wants to know how nuclear compares with other sources of electricity in almost any other way except detailed

1999-01-01

444

Public responses to precautionary information from the Department of Health (UK) about possible health risks from mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding public perceptions of health information is of increasing importance in the light of the growing imperatives upon regulators to communicate information about risk and uncertainty. Communicating the possible health risks from mobile telecommunications is a domain that allows consideration of both public perceptions of uncertain public health information and public responses to precautionary advice. This research reports the results

Julie Barnett; Lada Timotijevic; Richard Shepherd; Victoria Senior

2007-01-01

445

Paucity of qualitative research in general medical and health services and policy research journals: analysis of publication rates  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative research has the potential to inform and improve health care decisions but a study based on one year of publications suggests that it is not published in prominent health care journals. A more detailed, longitudinal analysis of its availability is needed. The purpose of this study was to identify, count and compare the number of qualitative and non-qualitative research studies published in high impact health care journals, and explore trends in these data over the last decade. Methods A bibliometric approach was used to identify and quantify qualitative articles published in 20 top general medical and health services and policy research journals from 1999 to 2008. Eligible journals were selected based on performance in four different ranking systems reported in the 2008 ISI Journal Citation Reports. Qualitative and non-qualitative research published in these journals were identified by searching MEDLINE, and validated by hand-searching tables of contents for four journals. Results The total number of qualitative research articles published during 1999 to 2008 in ten general medical journals ranged from 0 to 41, and in ten health services and policy research journals from 0 to 39. Over this period the percentage of empirical research articles that were qualitative ranged from 0% to 0.6% for the general medical journals, and 0% to 6.4% for the health services and policy research journals. Conclusions This analysis suggests that qualitative research it is rarely published in high impact general medical and health services and policy research journals. The factors that contribute to this persistent marginalization need to be better understood.

2011-01-01

446

The Virtual Cosmos Project: Astronomical Data access for General Public via the National Virtual Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We will describe the development of protocols to make Astronomy press-release quality images from HST and other sources publicly available through compatibility with the National Virtual Observatory (NVO). We will present the designs for a public portal to these resources, based on a robust evaluation of our intended audience. The availability of press-release quality materials via the NVO through a simplified interface will greatly enhance the utility of these materials for the public. Behind any portal to NVO data there is a standard registry and data structures that allow collections of data (such as the press release images) to be located and acquired. We will describe our design of the necessary protocols and metadata being used within the NVO framework for this project. We base our meta-tags on the considerable existing work done in the science community as well as the NASA education community. These refined metadata are applied to new HST press-release images as they are produced and registered with the NVO. We will describe methods for retrofitting pre-existing imagery with the metadata standards. The rich media, 3D navigation and visualization capabilities of the browser created by ManyOne Network Inc. are particularly well suited to the presentation of astronomical information and ever more detailed models of the local neighborhood, the Milky Way, etc. We will discuss the 3D navigation and visualization capabilities of the browser with particular focus on the Milky Way Galaxy. Development of an online encyclopedia to accompany the ManyOne portals as part of the Virtual Cosmos will also be described. Support from NASA's AISR Program is gratefully acknowledged.

Craig, N.; Mendez, B. J.; Hanisch, R. J.; Christian, C. A.; Summers, F.; Haisch, B.; Lindblom, J.

2005-05-01

447

Public Health Advisory: Important Information for the Safe Use ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... FDA is issuing this public health advisory to ... Healthcare professionals who prescribe and patients who ... should use a device designed to accurately ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

448

32 CFR 705.16 - Navy produced public information material.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...audiovisual productions intended for public release. (3) Motion picture film. (i) Film of major news value will be forwarded...arrival in Washington. (ii) The original negative of motion picture photography of feature value (photography...

2013-07-01

449

27 CFR 13.61 - Publicity of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...approval. These documents may be viewed during business hours at 1310 G Street NW., Washington, DC, or by viewing the Public COLA Registry on the TTB Web site at (http://www.ttb.gov ). (c) Revoked certificates. If an approved...

2013-04-01

450

36 CFR 1192.87 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(a) Each vehicle shall be equipped with an interior public address system permitting transportation system personnel, or recorded or digitized human speech messages, to announce stations and provide other passenger...

2010-07-01

451

49 CFR 38.87 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(a) Each vehicle shall be equipped with an interior public address system permitting transportation system personnel, or recorded or digitized human speech messages, to announce stations and provide other passenger...

2009-10-01

452

49 CFR 38.103 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(a) Each car shall be equipped with an interior public address system permitting transportation system personnel, or recorded or digitized human speech messages, to announce stations and provide other passenger...

2010-10-01

453

36 CFR 1192.103 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(a) Each car shall be equipped with an interior public address system permitting transportation system personnel, or recorded or digitized human speech messages, to announce stations and provide other passenger...

2010-07-01

454

49 CFR 38.103 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(a) Each car shall be equipped with an interior public address system permitting transportation system personnel, or recorded or digitized human speech messages, to announce stations and provide other passenger...

2009-10-01

455

78 FR 45517 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Assistance General Provisions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Student Assistance General Provisions...Management AGENCY: Federal Student Aid (FSA), Department...or via postal mail, commercial delivery, or hand delivery...Department assess the impact of its information collection...Title of Collection: Student Assistance General...

2013-07-29

456

78 FR 52519 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Assistance General Provisions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Student Assistance General Provisions...Management AGENCY: Federal Student Aid (FSA), Department...or via postal mail, commercial delivery, or hand delivery...Department assess the impact of its information collection...Title of Collection: Student Assistance General...

2013-08-23

457

77 FR 70995 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Assistance General Provisions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Student Assistance General Provisions...Financial Assistance for Students With Intellectual Disabilities...or via postal mail, commercial delivery, or hand delivery...Department assess the impact of its information collection...Title of Collection: Student Assistance General...

2012-11-28

458

78 FR 48660 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Assistance General Provisions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Student Assistance General Provisions...Management AGENCY: Federal Student Aid (FSA), Department...or via postal mail, commercial delivery, or hand delivery...Department assess the impact of its information collection...Title of Collection: Student Assistance General...

2013-08-09

459

77 FR 34409 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; General...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request; General Inquiries to State Agency Contacts ACTION: Notice...General Inquiries to State Agency Contacts,'' to the Office of Management and...eop.gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at...

2012-06-11

460

Applications of Geographic Information Systems in Public Works.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are a unique class of computer software that represent an exciting technology that will have a significant impact on data analysis and information processing during the next decade. GIS links two different technologies...

K. P. O'Connor

1995-01-01

461

32 CFR 286.2 - DoD public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information channels by news media representatives that would...requested under the FOIA should be released upon request...information from news media representatives should be encouraged to eliminate...through FOIA requests, why some records...

2009-07-01

462

32 CFR 286.2 - DoD public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information channels by news media representatives that would...requested under the FOIA should be released upon request...information from news media representatives should be encouraged to eliminate...through FOIA requests, why some records...

2010-07-01

463

The Public Library and Advocacy; Information for Survival.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information can play a vital role in assisting inner city residents to cope with major survival problems. The provision of supportive information increases the effectiveness of all types of advocacy. The limited success achieved by recent library outreach...

M. R. Owens M. Braverman

1974-01-01

464

49 CFR 38.61 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...human speech messages, to announce train, route, or line identification information. (2) Exception. Where station announcement...provide information on arriving trains, an external train speaker is not required. (b)...

2011-10-01

465

Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination. Final Report: Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Constrained by a statutory requirement for self-funding and facing a new paradigm in information dissemination, the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) was failing. As federal agencies distributed reports at no cost on the World Wide Webreports ...

2001-01-01

466

Information Strategic Plan: Modernizing the Safe Drinking Water Information System for the Public Water System Supervision Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Information Strategic Plan describes OGWDW's approach for the application of technology to manage the data flows currently received from states and Regions under the Public Water System Supervision (PWSS) Program. OGWDW will implement the first stage...

2004-01-01

467

Comparison of information technology in general practice in 10 countries.  

PubMed

A study commissioned by Canada Health Infoway provides a comparative analysis of automation in general practice in 10 countries. The most common clinical application is the automation of medication prescriptions--even if it is not a mandatory requirement as it is in Norway. It is the clinical application that provides one of the biggest benefits to general practitioners as it addresses legibility concerns, can be a significant time saver (particularly for repeat prescriptions) and offers the potential to make use of decision-support capabilities. The transmission of laboratory results is the most common electronic clinical communication application. PMID:17491575

Protti, Denis

2007-01-01

468

The Digitized Self as Public Tender: Conceptualizing Informational Privacy at the Intersection of Information Technology, Commerce, and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article identifies the key issues and interests influencing the informational privacy debate, namely, new information technologies, the mass media, the identity industry, and lawmakers. It argues that new information technologies undermine informational privacy by facilitating personal record (mis)management and (ab)use, that sensational coverage by the media of identity theft, data breach, or record misplacement promotes, even if inadvertently, more

Umaru Bah

2007-01-01

469

Public information cues affect the scrounging decisions of starlings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The foraging decisions that individuals make within groups should depend on the information available to them. An aviary experiment was conducted to examine whether a starling's, Sturnus vulgaris, decisions either to approach and feed from (scrounge) or to avoid the patches exploited by a partner bird are influenced by the information the partner provides. Both the type of information a

Jennifer J. Templeton; Luc-Alain Giraldeau

1995-01-01

470

Privatization of Public Information: Its Impact on Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the ideas and policies behind the movement toward privatization, and traces the history of information privatization during the Reagan administration. A discussion of privatization of government information focuses on attempts to privatize NTIS (National Technical Information Service), and differences between print and electronic…

Shill, Harold B.

1991-01-01

471

32 CFR 1800.3 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...writing to the Information and Privacy Coordinator, Executive Secretariat Office, National Counterintelligence Center, 3W01 NHB, Washington, DC 20505. Such inquiries will also be accepted by facsimile at (703)874-5844. For general information...

2009-07-01

472

32 CFR 1800.3 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in writing to the Information and Privacy Coordinator, Executive Secretariat Office, National Counterintelligence Center, 3W01 NHB, Washington, DC 20505. Such inquiries will also be accepted by facsimile at (703)874-5844. For general information or...

2010-07-01

473

8 CFR 204.1 - General information about immediate relative and family-sponsored petitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...information about immediate relative and family-sponsored petitions. 204.1 Section...information about immediate relative and family-sponsored petitions. (a) Types...generally available in the country of issue but the petitioner claims that...

2013-01-01

474

32 CFR 1908.03 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC REQUESTS FOR MANDATORY DECLASSIFICATION...communication to the Information and Privacy Coordinator, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC 20505. Such inquiries will...

2013-07-01

475

40 CFR 86.1843-01 - General information requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) General Compliance Provisions for Control of Air Pollution From New and In-Use Light-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and Complete Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1843-01...

2013-07-01

476

75 FR 29570 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Public Housing Agency Plan Revisions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...minor edits to the Instructions page of form HUD-50075, including a new requirement under the component for Operation and Management to update PHA Plans where PHAs have opted to implement non-smoking policies in public housing; and...

2010-05-26

477

A qualitative study of health information technology in the Canadian public health system  

PubMed Central

Background Although the adoption of health information technology (HIT) has advanced in Canada over the past decade, considerable challenges remain in supporting the development, broad adoption, and effective use of HIT in the public health system. Policy makers and practitioners have long recognized that improvements in HIT infrastructure are necessary to support effective and efficient public health practice. The objective of this study was to identify aspects of health information technology (HIT) policy related to public health in Canada that have succeeded, to identify remaining challenges, and to suggest future directions to improve the adoption and use of HIT in the public health system. Methods A qualitative case study was performed with 24 key stakeholders representing national and provincial organizations responsible for establishing policy and strategic direction for health information technology. Results Identified benefits of HIT in public health included improved communication among jurisdictions, increased awareness of the need for interoperable systems, and improvement in data standardization. Identified barriers included a lack of national vision and leadership, insufficient investment, and poor conceptualization of the priority areas for implementing HIT in public health. Conclusions The application of HIT in public health should focus on automating core processes and identifying innovative applications of HIT to advance public health outcomes. The Public Health Agency of Canada should develop the expertise to lead public health HIT policy and should establish a mechanism for coordinating public health stakeholder input on HIT policy.

2013-01-01

478

A Generalized Information Formula as the Bridge between Shannon and Popper  

Microsoft Academic Search

A generalized information formula related to logical probability and fuzzy set is deduced from the classical information formula. The new information measure accords with to Popper's criterion for knowledge evolution very much. In comparison with square error criterion, the information criterion does not only reflect error of a proposition, but also reflect the particularity of the events described by the

Chenguang Lu

2007-01-01

479

Public Health Informatics and the Health Information Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a After reading this chapter you should know the answers to these questions:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a What are the three core functions of public health, and how do they help shape the different foci of public health and medicine?\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a What are the current and potential effects of a) the genomics revolution; and b) 9\\/11 on public health informatics?\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a What were the

William A. Yasnoff; Patrick W. O'Carroll; Andrew Friede

480

Content Based Image Retrieval and Information Theory: A General Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Proposes an alternative real valued representation of color based on the information theoretic concept of entropy. A theoretical presentation of image entropy is accompanied by a practical description of the merits and limitations of image entropy compared to color histograms. Results suggest that image entropy is a promising approach to image…

Zachary, John; Iyengar, S. S.; Barhen, Jacob

2001-01-01

481

Dissemination of information to General Practitioners: a questionnaire survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Early identification of permanent hearing impairment in children enables appropriate intervention which reduces adverse developmental outcomes. The UK Government has introduced a universal hearing screening programme for neonates. All involved health professionals, including those in Primary Care, need to be aware of the service to enable them to offer appropriate support to their patients. A programme of information dissemination

Padma Moorjani; Heather Fortnum

2004-01-01

482

Promotion of Health Sector Reforms for Health Systems Strengthening in Nigeria: Perceptions of Policy Makers versus the General Public on the Nigeria Health Systems Performance.  

PubMed

The objectives of this cross-sectional intervention study were to improve policy makers' understanding of health sector reforms through a training workshop and to assess the perception of policy makers and the general public about health systems performance in Nigeria. Health systems performance was generally rated low by respondents (< 2.5 out of 4). Health service delivery and health workforce were the lowest rated health systems components (< 2.2 out of 4). Efforts need to be intensified to enhance competencies of policy makers to adopt an evidence-informed process in health reform programs. Inputs from the public must be given adequate consideration in addressing the challenges of health systems. PMID:23944164

Uneke, Chigozie Jesse; Ezeoha, Abel E; Ndukwe, C D; Oyibo, P G; Onwe, F

2013-10-01

483

Should the science of adolescent brain development inform public policy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract One factor that has contributed to confusion in discussions of the use of adolescent neuroscience in the development,of public policies affecting young people is a blurring of three very different issues that need to be separated: (1) what science does and doesnot say about brain development

Laurence Steinberg; E. Scott

2009-01-01

484

Pesticides, A Scientists' Institute for Public Information Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of articles emphasizes the need for care in the use of chemical pesticides. Economic and ecological implications of pest control are discussed, and data are given on the effectiveness and side effects of chemical insecticides. Alternative methods of control are proposed. The part that can be played by the public in decision making…

Dahlsten, Donald L.; And Others

485

Providing Parent Information for Public School Choice in Massachusetts Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A child's success in school is often determined by the level of involvement of the family in his or her education. This newsletter presents articles on helping parents collaborate in the schooling process. The title article describes the "universal controlled" public school choice allowed in several Massachusetts school districts, and a report…

Hollifield, John H., Ed.

1993-01-01

486

Prescription information leaflets: a pilot study in general practice.  

PubMed Central

Leaflets containing information about medicines were issued to 56 patients prescribed penicillins and 43 patients prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The patients were interviewed between four and 10 days later and their responses compared with those of 65 patients prescribed penicillin and 33 prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs who did not receive a leaflet. Patients who received a leaflet were more likely to be completely satisfied with their treatment and with the information they had been given. They were also more likely to know the name of their medicine and much more aware of potential unwanted effects. Although there was no evidence that knowledge increased the incidence of adverse effects, when these did occur they were more likely to be recognised as being due to the medicine. Further studies of other leaflets are warranted, including leaflets for drugs that are taken long term.

George, C F; Waters, W E; Nicholas, J A

1983-01-01

487

SUPPORT Tools for evidence-informed health Policymaking (STP) 15: Engaging the public in evidence-informed policymaking.  

PubMed

This article is part of a series written for people responsible for making decisions about health policies and programmes and for those who support these decision makers. In this article, we address strategies to inform and engage the public in policy development and implementation. The importance of engaging the public (both patients and citizens) at all levels of health systems is widely recognised. They are the ultimate recipients of the desirable and undesirable impacts of public policies, and many governments and organisations have acknowledged the value of engaging them in evidence-informed policy development. The potential benefits of doing this include the establishment of policies that include their ideas and address their concerns, the improved implementation of policies, improved health services, and better health. Public engagement can also be viewed as a goal in itself by encouraging participative democracy, public accountability and transparency. We suggest three questions that can be considered with regard to public participation strategies. These are: 1. What strategies can be used when working with the mass media to inform the public about policy development and implementation? 2. What strategies can be used when working with civil society groups to inform and engage them in policy development and implementation? 3. What methods can be used to involve consumers in policy development and implementation? PMID:20018105

Oxman, Andrew D; Lewin, Simon; Lavis, John N; Fretheim, Atle

2009-12-16

488

The stigma of obesity in the general public and its implications for public health - a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Up to this date, prevalence rates of obesity are still rising. Aside from co-morbid diseases, perceived discrimination and stigmatization leads to worsen outcomes in obese individuals. Higher stigmatizing attitudes towards obese individuals may also result in less support of preventive and interventive measures. In light of the immense burden of obesity on health care systems and also on the individuals' quality of life, accepted and subsidized preventive measures are needed. Policy support might be determined by views of the lay public on causes of obesity and resulting weight stigma. This study seeks to answer how representative samples of the lay public perceive people with obesity or overweight status (stigmatizing attitudes); what these samples attribute obesity to (causal attribution) and what types of interventions are supported by the lay public and which factors determine that support (prevention support). Methods A systematic literature search was conducted. All studies of representative samples reporting results on (a) stigmatizing attitudes towards overweight and obese individuals, (b) causal beliefs and (c) prevention support were included. Results Only 7 articles were found. One study reported prevalence rates of stigmatizing attitudes. About a quarter of the population in Germany displayed definite stigmatizing attitudes. Other studies reported causal attributions. While external influences on weight are considered as well, it seems that internal factors are rated to be of higher importance. Across the studies found, regulative prevention is supported by about half of the population, while childhood prevention has highest approval rates. Results on sociodemographic determinants differ substantially. Conclusions Further research on public attitudes toward and perception of overweight and obesity is urgently needed to depict the prevailing degree of stigmatization. Introducing a multidimensional concept of the etiology of obesity to the lay public might be a starting point in stigma reduction.

2011-01-01

489

Cancer Information Scanning and Seeking in the General Population  

PubMed Central

The amount of cancer-related information available in the media and other sources continues to increase each year. We wondered how people make use of such content in making specific health decisions. We studied both the information they actively seek (“seeking”) and that which they encounter in a less purposive way (“scanning”) through a nationally representative survey of adults aged 40–70 years (n=2,489) focused on information use around three prevention behaviors (dieting, fruit and vegetable consumption and exercising) and three screening test behaviors (prostate-specific antigen, colonoscopy, mammogram). Overall, respondents reported a great deal of scanning and somewhat less seeking (on average 62% versus 28% for each behavior), and used a range of sources including mass media, interpersonal conversations and the Internet, alongside physicians. Seeking was predicted by female gender; age of 55–64 vs. 40–44; higher education; Black race and Hispanic ethnicity and being married. Scanning was predicted by older age, female gender and education. Respondents were fairly consistent in their place on a typology of scanning and seeking across behaviors. Seeking was associated with all six behaviors and scanning was associated with three of six behaviors.

Kelly, Bridget; Hornik, Robert; Romantan, Anca; Schwartz, J. Sanford; Armstrong, Katrina; DeMichele, Angela; Fishbein, Martin; Gray, Stacy; Hull, Shawnika; Kim, Annice; Nagler, Rebekah; Niederdeppe, Jeff; Ramirez, PhD, A. Susana; Smith-McLallen, Aaron; Wong, Norman

2013-01-01

490

77 FR 31866 - Intent To Request Approval From OMB of One New Public Collection of Information: Baseline...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...BASE) program for public transportation systems...security measures of public transportation systems...current Federal Government surface transportation...with appropriate public transportation agency...and passenger rail mode. 4. To inform...inspectors in the interactive BASE program...

2012-05-30

491

36 CFR 902.21 - Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information that affects the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive...CORPORATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT Publication in the Federal Register § 902.21 Publication in the Federal Register shall be...

2012-07-01

492

36 CFR 902.21 - Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information that affects the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive...CORPORATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT Publication in the Federal Register § 902.21 Publication in the Federal Register shall be...

2011-07-01

493

75 FR 76479 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Procedure for Obtaining...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Insurance for Capital Program Projects. OMB Control Number: 2577-0046...low-income public housing projects or the modernization of an existing project. The certificates of insurance...and general liability, automobile liability insurance...

2010-12-08

494

78 FR 41795 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...3501-3520), the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this...to Leslie F. Smith, Federal Communications Commission (FCC), via the Internet...

2013-07-11

495

75 FR 62815 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...3501-3520), the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this...to Leslie F. Smith, Federal Communications Commission (FCC), via the Internet...

2010-10-13

496

Information Industries in the United States. Publication No. 75-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of the state of information industries in the United States is presented which discusses the industries themselves, the structure of information industries markets, the problems of privacy and access to information, and public control over media content. The article also reviews briefly some of the other key questions in the field of…

Oettinger, Anthony G.; Shapiro, Peter D.

497

Informal sanctions and conditional cooperation: A natural experiment on voluntary contributions to a public good  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a natural experiment, this paper studies the impact of an informal sanctioning mechanism on individuals' voluntary contribution to a public good. Cross-country skiers' actual cash contributions in two ski resorts, one with and one without an informal sanctioning system, are used. I find the contributing share to be higher in the informal sanctioning system (79 percent) than in the

Tobias Heldt

498

Healthcare information delivery in public libraries: implications for academic reference librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in the US healthcare system in the past 20 years have meant increasing pressure on consumers to find their own healthcare information. Their search, amid an ever-widening array of information resources, has profound implications for library reference services. A recent study of 350 public librarians in Michigan is, to date, the only investigation of librarian practices in health information

Lothar Spang; Lynda M. Baker

2000-01-01

499

US Government Information: Selected Current Issues in Public Access vs. Private Competition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the dissemination of government information focuses on the debate concerning public versus private access to government information; efforts of the National Technical Information Service (NTIS); electronic access and the need for printed documents; and joint efforts between government agencies and the private sector to charge for…

McMullen, Susan

2000-01-01

500

Assessing physical activity in general practice: a disconnect between clinical practice and public health?  

PubMed Central

Background GPs comply poorly to public health recommendations to routinely assess their patients' physical activity. The reasons for this disconnect between recommended practice and GPs' actual practice are unclear. Aim To investigate GPs' perceptions of assessing physical activity, and to explore how GPs assess their patients' physical activity. Design of the study Qualitative study. Setting General practice. Method Semi-structured interviews were performed with 15 randomly selected southern Tasmanian GPs, with stratification to include GPs with a range of demographic characteristics. Each interview was recorded, transcribed in full, and analysed using an iterative thematic approach to identify major themes. Results GPs recognised the importance of assessing physical activity, but rather than assessing every patient, they target at-risk patients and those with conditions likely to benefit from increased physical activity. Depth of assessment and GPs' definition of sufficient physical activity varied according to the clinical and social context of each patient. Major barriers were the time needed to perform an adequate assessment and lack of time to deal with physical inactivity in patients once it was identified. Conclusion GPs' assessment of physical activity is a complex and highly individualised process that cannot be divorced from the issue of managing physical inactivity once it is identified. Expectations that GPs will assess physical activity levels in all their patients are unlikely to be met. This must be taken into account when developing strategies to improve physical activity assessment in general practice, and should be considered in policy decisions about approaches to take to improve physical activity levels at a population level.

Winzenberg, Tania; Reid, Pam; Shaw, Kelly

2009-01-01