Note: This page contains sample records for the topic general public information from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Adams County Public Library (ACPL) Literacy Program. General Information and Narrative Report September 1988-October 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grant funding enabled the Adams County Public Library (ACPL) in Colorado to hire permanent staff; build collections of library materials for literacy students, tutors, and the general public; provide workbooks to students at no cost; and expand the scope and effectiveness of the literacy program by enabling the development of collections of…

Buchanan, Nancy K.

2

General Information Concerning Patents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Functions of the Patent Office; Purpose of this booklet; What is a patent; Patent Laws; What can be patented; Novelty and other conditions for obtaining a patent; The United States Patent Office; Publications of the Patent Office; General inform...

1970-01-01

3

Providing health information to the general public: a survey of current practices in academic health sciences libraries*  

PubMed Central

A questionnaire was mailed to 148 publicly and privately supported academic health sciences libraries affiliated with Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC)–accredited medical schools in the United States and Canada to determine level of access and services provided to the general public. For purposes of this study, “general public” was defined as nonaffiliated students or health care professionals, attorneys and other nonhealth-related professionals, patients from affiliated or other hospitals or clinics, and general consumers. One hundred five (71%) libraries responded. Results showed 98% of publicly supported libraries and 88% of privately supported libraries provided access to some or all of the general public. Publicly supported libraries saw greater numbers of public patrons, often provided more services, and were more likely to circulate materials from their collections than were privately supported libraries. A significant number of academic health sciences libraries housed a collection of consumer-oriented materials and many provided some level of document delivery service, usually for a fee. Most allowed the public to use some or all library computers. Results of this study indicated that academic health sciences libraries played a significant role in serving the information-seeking public and suggested a need to develop written policies or guidelines covering the services that will be provided to minimize the impact of this service on primary clientele.

Hollander, Sue M.

2000-01-01

4

Attitudes to the public release of comparative information on the quality of general practice care: qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the attitudes of service users, general practitioners, and clinical governance leads based in primary care trusts to the public dissemination of comparative reports on quality of care in general practice, to guide the policy and practice of public disclosure of information in primary care. Design Qualitative focus group study using mock quality report cards as prompts for discussion. Setting 12 focus groups held in an urban area in north west England and a semirural area in the south of England. Participants 35 service users, 24 general practitioners, and 18 clinical governance leads. Results There was general support for the principle of publishing comparative information, but all three stakeholder groups expressed concerns about the practical implications. Attitudes were strongly influenced by experience of comparative reports from other sectors—for example, school league tables. Service users distrusted what they saw as the political motivation driving the initiative, expressed a desire to “protect” their practices from political and managerial interference, and were uneasy about practices being encouraged to compete against each other. General practitioners focused on the unfairness of drawing comparisons from current data and the risks of “gaming” the results. Clinical governance leads thought that public disclosure would damage their developmental approach to implementing clinical governance. The initial negative response to the quality reports seemed to diminish on reflection. Conclusions Despite support for the principle of greater openness, the planned publication of information about quality of care in general practice is likely to face considerable opposition, not only from professional groups but also from the public. A greater understanding of the practical implications of public reporting is required before the potential benefits can be realised. What is already known on this topicDisclosure of information about quality of care in the NHS has been strongly influenced by the report card movement in the United StatesThis was based largely on hospital data, with no evidence to determine the attitudes of the British public to the publication of quality reports in general practiceWhat this study addsThe public and health professionals are in favour in principle of publishing information about quality in general practice but are concerned about the consequences for themselves, the practices, and the health systemPeople regard public disclosure as a political initiative and are more inclined to trust their own experience or that of friends and family than to trust comparative dataGeneral practitioners perceive comparative reports as a burden, and clinical governance leads are concerned that the reports might damage their facilitative approach to improving quality

Marshall, Martin N; Hiscock, Julia; Sibbald, Bonnie

2002-01-01

5

Is mass media beneficial or not for the information of the general public?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Year of Physics reminds us, among other things, of the way in which Einstein became famous. In spite of all his remarkable scientific results, without the contribution of the press he would not have become so well known in the entire world as he was and continues to be after a century. And he is not the unique example of celebrity due to mass media (see Carl Sagan or Stephen Hawking). In 1969 the first man stepped on the Moon. It was maybe the first cosmic event, which became famous due to a live TV broadcast. Others followed, if we are to mention only the total solar eclipse of 1999 or Venus's transit of last year. Consequently, mass media can make a scientist famous, can also make an event understood and admired and can attract hundreds or maybe millions of people to science. The same mass media can also destroy a personality or an event. We shall give only two examples: the distrust of many people concerning the same Moon landing or the manipulation of millions of people by means of astrology. All this urges us to make a very thorough analysis of the way in which scientific information is communicated to the general public: well done, it can be beneficial; otherwise it may drive the new generations away from research, the understanding of the phenomena, the neglect of the environment and finally from the neglect and the destruction of our own planet.

Stavinschi, M.; Mosoia, C.

2005-11-01

6

Generalized Public Budget Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the program has been to develop and communicate to the planning and management community an improved basis for forecasting the environmental impacts of public and private decisions (such as land use) in order to improve environmental and en...

C. R. Schuller, R. A. Hiltunen

1976-01-01

7

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Public information. 518.6 Section 518...THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION...PROGRAM General Provisions § 518.6 Public information. (a) Public...

2013-07-01

8

29 CFR 7.15 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Public information. 7.15 Section 7.15 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PRACTICE...CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS Some General Procedural Matters § 7.15 Public information. (a) Subject to the...

2013-07-01

9

Generalized information theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Provides an overview of major developments pertaining to generalized information theory during the lifetime of Kybernetes. Generalized information theory is viewed as a collection of concepts, theorems, principles, and methods for dealing with problems involving uncertainty-based information that are beyond the narrow scope of classical information theory. Introduces well-justified measures of uncertainty in fuzzy set theory, possibility theory, and Dempster-Shafer

George J. Klir; David Harmanec

1996-01-01

10

The CHMI Nowcasting Webportal - Presentation of Nowcasting-related Information to General Public in the Czech Republic  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For successful nowcasting of meteorological phenomena, it is not enough to have access to precise high-resolution measurements and to run sophisticated nowcasting systems but also to present obtained analyses and forecasts to the end-user with minimal time delay and with possibility of detailed geographical and temporal localization of hazardous meteorological events. The Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI) utilizes measurements from wide range of meteorological instruments (own and internationally exchanged) and runs several nowcasting systems focusing on different meteorological hazards. Participation of the CHMI in the INCA-CE project (CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund) facilitated implementation of the INCA nowcasting system in the CHMI (INCA-CZ) and also accelerated development of new CHMI Nowcasting Webportal. The CHMI Nowcasting Webportal is a web application that enables not only presentation of analyses and forecasts from the INCA-CZ nowcasting system but also includes remote-sensing and station measurements and results of some other nowcasting tools (like the COTREC extrapolation forecasts). The CHMI Nowcasting Webportal is based on experiences with previous development of the JSMeteoView (web-based visualization tool of remote sensing data used operationally by the CHMI forecast offices). The webportal is available to general public on the CHMI webserver. In comparison with former web-presentations, people get access to more meteorological information with better temporal and spatial resolution. Utilization of specialized high-resolution pre-generated geographical layers and Google Maps API enable flexible visualization of meteorological fields and detailed geographical localization. The source code of the CHMI Nowcasting Webportal was used as a basis for developmet of INCA-CE Central European Nowcasting Webportal in Austrian weather service (ZAMG). Some of the newly developed features of the webportal were implemented back to the JSMeteoView. The paper summarizes history of presentation of nowcasting-related data to the public on the CHMI webservers, presents details about development of the CHMI Nowcasting Webportal, shows some of its examples, describes all implemented data fields and outlines plans for its future improvements.

Novak, Petr; Kyznarova, Hana

2013-04-01

11

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2013-04-01

12

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2009-04-01

13

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2010-04-01

14

Public-Access Information System Terminal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The invention relates generally to information retrieval systems, and is particularly concerned with a computer-linked remote terminal unit for providing public access to electronically stored route and schedule information at airports, bus terminals, rai...

L. Frenkel M. Gorstein

1980-01-01

15

Public Information Handbook  

NSF Publications Database

FOIA requests are logged in and tracked by the NSF FOIA Officer, who coordinates the search for records, review and response with appropriate program office(s). You can find NSF?s organizational directory listed on our Home Page on the Internet at http://www.nsf.gov ; or contact the Information Desk at (703) 306-1234 or email at firstop@nsf.gov; to determine the correct office title. (3) Awards System - contains publicly available information about awards officially granted by NSF (NOTE: ...

16

Giving information on medicinal products to the general public--in search of a definition to safeguard the patient.  

PubMed

Information on medicinal products is vital for enabling patients to give informed consent to the use of a specific product. Within the European Union (EU) the debate about how much information about prescription-only medicinal products should be made available to patients has gone on for the past five years with no definite conclusion yet. This contribution assesses the current legislation and the ongoing debate in order to identify the challenges and the prospect of new legislation, and consider its potential implications for the scope for advertising and for patient safety. PMID:24851652

Faeh, Andrea

2014-04-01

17

Enforcement and Public Information Strategies for DWI (Driving-While-Intoxicated) General Deterrence: Arrest Drunk Driving - The Clearwater and Largo, Florida Experience.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report summarizes results of study to achieve driving-while-intoxicated deterrence through a combination of DWI enforcement techniques and public information and education efforts. This was implemented in Clearwater and Largo, Florida. Alcohol-related...

C. L. Popkin J. H. Lacey J. R. Stewart L. M. Marchetti P. V. Murphy

1986-01-01

18

Public information plan. Version 2  

SciTech Connect

The Public Information Plan is intended to be used in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Public Participation Plan. The Public Participation Pion describes the DOE procedure for involving the public in the decision-making process related to the UMTRA Project during the stages at which public participation is required and solicited. This Public Information Plan describes the department`s procedure for communicating with the public about project policies, plans, and activities. Together, these complementary plans describe the DOE public affairs program for the UMTRA Project. This project was authorized by Congress in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, (Public Law (PL) 95-6041), as amended. The Act provides for a cooperative effort with affected states and Indian tribes for the cleanup of designated abandoned or inactive uranium mill tailings sites, which are located in 10 states, 9 of them west of the Mississippi River. The public has a right to know about proposed government actions and to be heard in the planning of activities that influence their lives. The UMTRA Project is unclassified and the DOE provides accurate information about policy and project activities to interested stakeholders, including the news media, in a timely way. The DOE encourages states and local governments, as well as individuals, to join actively in the decision-making process. This is intended to ensure that the resulting decisions are made with full knowledge of the public`s views and that these decisions address the public`s concerns to the extent possible within the law. The DOE, through the implementation of the Public Information Plan, keeps the public informed on matters such as health concerns, environmental issues, remedial action construction plans, project costs, and specific site activities.

NONE

1993-09-22

19

Medicaid Data Sources - General Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Datamart MAX Validation Reports Medicaid Data Sources - General Information The primary data sources for Medicaid statistical data are the Medicaid Statistical Information System (MSIS), the Medicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX) files, ...

20

Informational Privacy, Public Health, and State Laws  

PubMed Central

Developments in information technology that make it possible to rapidly transmit health information also raise questions about the possible inappropriate use and protection of identifiable (or potentially identifiable) personal health information. Despite efforts to improve state laws, adoption of provisions has lagged. We found that half of states have no statutes addressing nondisclosure of personally identifiable health information generally held by public health agencies. Exceptional treatment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, or tuberculosis-related information was common. Where other provisions were found, there was little consistency in the laws across states. The variation in state laws supports the need to build consensus on the appropriate use and disclosure of public health information among public health practitioners.

Matthews, Gene

2011-01-01

21

Informed consent and public health.  

PubMed Central

During the past 25 years, medical ethics has concentrated largely on clinical medicine and the treatment of individual patients. This focus permits a view of medical provision as a (quasi-) consumer good, whose distribution can be or should be contingent on individual choice. The approach cannot be extended to public health provision. Public health provision, including measures for limiting the spread of infectious diseases, is a public good and can be provided for some only if provided for many. The provision or non-provision of public goods cannot be contingent on individual informed consent, so must be in some respects compulsory. An adequate ethics of public health needs to set aside debates about informed consent and to consider the permissible limits of just compulsion for various types of public good. It will therefore gain more from engaging with work in political philosophy than with individualistic work in ethics.

O'Neill, Onora

2004-01-01

22

QUANTIFYING INFORMATION IN LINE GENERALIZATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

While Shannon's work was based on quantification of potential rate of communication, study of information theory is not limited to this area. In this paper, we examine the Coordinate Digit Density (CDD) function as a method for applying principles of information theory to explore the effects of line generalization on geographic datasets. This analysis highlights issues in state-sequence dependency inherent

Sarah E Battersby; Keith C. Clarke

2003-01-01

23

Public policymaking and research information  

PubMed Central

The public policymaking process presents behavior analysts with opportunities to shape public policy and influence decisions that affect the evolution of communities. Although the scientist-advocate's role in public policymaking has received increased attention, little attention has been given to behavioral analyses of the policymaking context. This paper describes the stages of policymaking, including agenda formation, policy adoption, policy implementation, and policy review. It also analyzes seven types of research information important in agenda formation and policy adoption—information about the dimensions of an issue, number of people affected, relative standing of an issue, interests of those involved, controlling variables, program alternatives, and program acceptability. Methods for communicating research information to policymakers are discussed.

Seekins, Tom; Fawcett, Stephen B.

1986-01-01

24

General solar energy information user study  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on general solar energy. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. The report is 1 of 10 discussing study results. The overall study provides baseline data about information needs in the solar community. An earlier study identified the information user groups in the solar community and the priority (to accelerate solar energy commercialization) of getting information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 13 groups of respondents are analyzed in this report: Loan Officers, Real Estate Appraisers, Tax Assessors, Insurers, Lawyers, Utility Representatives, Public Interest Group Representatives, Information and Agricultural Representatives, Public Interest Group Representatives, Information and Agricultural Specialists at State Cooperative Extension Service Offices, and State Energy Office Representatives. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1981-03-01

25

44 CFR 5.20 - Publication of rules and general policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Publication of rules and general policies. 5...PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION Publication of or Availability of General Agency...and Similar Material § 5.20 Publication of rules and general...

2013-10-01

26

45 CFR 1180.48 - General conditions on publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false General conditions on publications. 1180.48 Section 1180.48...Conditions Which Must Be Met by a Grantee Publications and Copyrights § 1180.48 General conditions on publications. (a) Content of...

2013-10-01

27

34 CFR 75.620 - General conditions on publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false General conditions on publication. 75.620 Section 75.620 Education...Conditions Must Be Met by a Grantee? Publications and Copyrights § 75.620 General conditions on publication. (a) Content of...

2013-07-01

28

Health Planning: Public Information Catalog.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Virtually every health planning agency has produced public information and education materials of one type or another. Most agencies, however, rarely find out about the work of other agencies. Since many of the subjects covered are of interest to a large ...

1981-01-01

29

United Nations General Information Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to provide teachers, students, and the community with general information on the United Nations (UN), this kit contains a compilation of brochures, booklets, fact sheets, resource lists, and press releases on a variety of UN-related topics. The first three booklets, "United Nations Today-1984" (suggestions for speakers), "United Nations…

United Nations, New York, NY. Office of Public Information.

30

[National public health information system].  

PubMed

Information production and its communication being a key public health activity, developing modern information systems is a precondition for its fulfilling these assignments. A national public health information system (NPHIS) is a set of human resources combined with computing and communication technologies. It enables data linkage and data coverage as well as undertaking information production and dissemination in an effective, standardized and safe way. The Croatian Institute of Public Health LAN/WAN modules are under development. Health Safety System, Health Workers Registry, and Digital Library are among the Institute's developmental priorities. Communication between NPHIS participants would unfold over the Internet by using every relevant data protection method. Web technology-based applications would be run on special servers. Between individual applications, use would be made of the transaction module of communication through an exchange of the HL7 standard-based xml messages. In the conditions of transition, the health system must make an optimal use of the resources, which is not feasible without applying modern information and communication technologies. PMID:16095199

Erceg, Marijan; Stevanovi?, Ranko; Babi?-Erceg, Andrea

2005-01-01

31

Mixed strategy under generalized public goods games.  

PubMed

The relationship between group's contribution and public goods produced often exhibits nonlinearity, which constitutes the generalized public goods game. Far less attention has been paid to how the mixed strategy evolves in such generalized games. Here, we study the effects of nonlinear production functions on the evolution of the mixed strategy in finite populations for the first time. When the group size and the population size are comparable, cooperation is doomed irrespective of the production function. Otherwise, nonlinear production functions may induce a convergent evolutionary stable strategy (CESS) or a repeller, but cannot yield the evolutionary branching. Moreover, we particularly consider three representative families of production functions, intriguingly which all display the hysteresis effect. For two families of production functions including concave and convex curves, a unique CESS or a unique repeller may occur even if the group size is two. Whereas for the third class encompassing symmetrically sigmoidal and inverse sigmoidal curves, the coexistence of a CESS and a repeller only occurs if group size is above two, and two saddle-node bifurcations appear. Our work includes some evidently different results by comparing with the evolution of continuous investment or binary strategy. PMID:23702332

Zhang, Yanling; Wu, Te; Chen, Xiaojie; Xie, Guangming; Wang, Long

2013-10-01

32

21 CFR 880.6260 - Filtering facepiece respirator for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies. 880...for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies. (a...for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies is a...

2013-04-01

33

21 CFR 880.6260 - Filtering facepiece respirator for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...general public in public health medical emergencies. 880.6260 Section 880...general public in public health medical emergencies. (a) Identification...general public in public health medical emergencies is a device that is...

2009-04-01

34

Public Information for Water Pollution Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a handbook for water pollution control personnel to guide them towards a successful public relations program. This handbook was written to incorporate the latest methods of teaching basic public information techniques to the non-professional in this area. Contents include: (1) a rationale for a public information program; (2)…

Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington, DC.

35

Approaches to Studying Public Library Networked Community Information Initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world characterized by the use of rapidly advancing technology, public libraries are championing the rights of the individual to equitable public access to information provided over the Internet. But beyond general connectivity, libraries are also facilitating citizens' access to networked community information (CI) by actively linking users with relevant sites, by hosting pages for other service providers, and

Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Pertti Vakkari

1999-01-01

36

36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-07-01 true Information in A&TBCB publications. 1120.6 Section 1120.6 ...1120.6 Information in A&TBCB publications. (a) General. Copies...general public. Copies of informational publications of the A&TBCB which may be...

2013-07-01

37

39 CFR 959.30 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...30 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE PRIVATE EXPRESS STATUTES § 959.30 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in...

2013-07-01

38

32 CFR 2800.4 - General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2800.4 General information. (a) Staff Security Officer/Top Secret...Classifications of National Security Information are defined in Executive...4) Communications security. Classified information shall not be...

2013-07-01

39

75 FR 71434 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...invites the general public and other Federal...Telecommunication Union's (ITU's) Telecommunications Sector, which is the standards-setting...telecommunications services to the public. OMB Control...

2010-11-23

40

Information Literacy Training in Canada's Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the study were to explore the role of Canada's public libraries in developing the public's information literacy (IL) skills, to explore current IL training practices, and to explore the perspectives and IL experiences of individuals who visit public libraries to access the Internet. This article documents the second phase of a…

Julien, Heidi; Hoffman, Cameron

2008-01-01

41

The Role of the Public Health Official in Communicating Public Health Information  

PubMed Central

The prevailing views on the role of public health professionals refer to professionals in the academic world, without taking into account the fact that many public health professionals are government employees. For example, the American Public Health Association states that public health professionals play an active role in communicating public health information to nonscientific audiences, such as the general population or the mass media. We propose that public health officials have an important responsibility to promote the practice of public health. However, they must do so within the bureaucracy. Any actions that public health officials wish to take as advocates of particular public health activities should be carried out independent of their role as government officials.

Regidor, Enrique; de la Fuente, Luis; Gutierrez-Fisac, Juan L.; de Mateo, Salvador; Pascual, Cruz; Sanchez-Paya, Jose; Ronda, Elena

2007-01-01

42

Selective Incentives and Generalized Information Exchange  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this research is to understand how generalized exchange systems emerge when information, as the object of exchange, produces a collective good. When individuals contribute information for a collective benefit, it can create a group-generalized exchange system that involves a social dilemma. I argue that two properties of information,…

Cheshire, Coye

2007-01-01

43

32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...information or records from the public that do not refer to the FOIA. Often these requests are sent to a public affairs office (PAO) or a specific unit. All releases of information from Air Force records, whether the requester cites the FOIA or...

2013-07-01

44

Public vs. private: comparing public social network information with email  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this research is to facilitate the design of systems which will mine and use sociocentric social networks without infringing privacy. We describe an extensive experiment we conducted within our organization comparing social network information gathered from various intranet public sources with social network information gathered from a private source - the organizational email system. We also report

Ido Guy; Michal Jacovi; Noga Meshulam; Inbal Ronen; Elad Shahar

2008-01-01

45

75 FR 19416 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Assessment System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Assessment System--Management Operations Certification AGENCY...information: Title of Proposal: Public Housing Assessment System--Management Operations Certification....

2010-04-14

46

Using science centers to expose the general public to the microworld  

SciTech Connect

Despite the remarkable progress in the past decades in understanding our Universe, we particle physicists have failed to communicate the wonder, excitement, and beauty of these discoveries to the general public. I am sure all agree there is a need, if our support from public funds is to continue at anywhere approximating the present level, for us collectively to educate and inform the general public of what we are doing and why. Informal science education and especially science and technology centers can play an important role in efforts to raise public awareness of particle physics in particular and of basic research in general. Science Centers are a natural avenue for particle physicists to use to communicate with and gain support from the general public.

Malamud, E. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)]|[Science and Technology Interactive Center, Aurora, IL (United States)

1994-08-01

47

The Public Life of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mid-twentieth century marked a shift in Americans' fundamental orientation toward information. Rather than news or knowledge, information became a disembodied quantum--strings of ones and zeros processed, increasingly, by complex machines. This dissertation examines how Americans became acquainted with "information", as newly conceived by…

Rowe, Josh

2011-01-01

48

47 CFR 0.459 - Requests that materials or information submitted to the Commission be withheld from public...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...submitted to the Commission be withheld from public inspection. 0.459 Section 0.459...COMMISSION ORGANIZATION General Information Public Information and Inspection of Records...submitted to the Commission be withheld from public inspection. (a)(1)...

2013-10-01

49

21 CFR 880.6260 - Filtering facepiece respirator for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies.  

...for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies. 880.6260 Section...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL...for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies. (a)...

2014-04-01

50

IFLA General Conference, 1986. Libraries Serving the General Public Division. Section: Public Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on public libraries presented at the 1986 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "Developing Children's Libraries in Shanghai" (Che Jiuzhi, China); (2) "The Development of Public Librarianship in China" (Cheng Fuchen, China); (3) "The Development of Public Libraries in Japan" (Mamoru Nogami, Japan);…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The Hague (Netherlands).

51

General Information Processing System: (GIPSY). Application Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application description is directed to those desiring to acquaint themselves with the characteristics of the General Information Processing System (GIPSY). It provides guidelines and aids for the preparation and use of the system, and covers such areas as: (1) Information Collection and Creation, (2) Information Retrieval, (3) Maintenance…

Addison, Charles H.; And Others

52

Alternate Level of Care Patients in Public General Hospital Psychiatry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the interaction between psychiatric services in public general hospitals and in other institutional settings. A one-day census of patients in a New York general hospital showed the hospital was providing care to a large number of patients in need of other, less intensive institutional settings. (BH)

Marcos, Luis R.; Gil, Rosa M.

1984-01-01

53

Environmental Programs Information: Affecting Kansas Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a brief overview of the environmental issues that affect Kansas public schools. Specific programs that address these problems are included, along with their contact information. This document contains information on the following issues and programs: (1) Department of Health and Environment; (2) air; (3) asbestos; (4)…

Kansas State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

54

General Information Processing System: (GIPSY). Application Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The application description is directed to those desiring to acquaint themselves with the characteristics of the General Information Processing System (GIPSY). It provides guidelines and aids for the preparation and use of the system, and covers such area...

C. H. Addison

1969-01-01

55

75 FR 32158 - Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card AGENCY: Forest Service...approved information collection, SRS Publications Evaluation Card. DATES: Comments...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: SRS Publications Evaluation Card. OMB Number:...

2010-06-07

56

The General Information Processing System (Gipsy).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper describes the General Information Processing System, a computer program designed to serve a variety of information processing applications. An input deck to the program is composed of a data base and a description of the processing tasks to be p...

J. D. Cooper

1969-01-01

57

Information integration for public safety officers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information enabled by technology is used to support good decision-making in the public safety arena. In the information age, the current implementation includes the installation of laptop computers and other mobile computing technology into mobile environments including ambulances, fire vehicles and police cruisers. Typically, these computing devices are equipped with various multi-purpose and custom software applications to replicate the public safety officers' headquarters work environment. In our analysis, we have found that there are large amounts of publiclyavailable datasets that are not available to the public safety officer in the field, but if made available in a real-time environment, could greatly assist the decision-making tasks of the officer and increase the safety of the public entrusted to the officer's watch. Information delivery and integration in the public safety environment are key elements required to maximize data support of public safety. Utilizing aspects of requirements engineering, we propose and develop a variety of applications that allow public safety officials to synthesize and interact with real-time data in the field. Information integration used to locate a topographic area map, satellite image, or immediate alert of the prevailing weather conditions assist in the timely decision-making process, especially in areas where such data is not available in the field. Public and private data sources are delivered according to agency protocols. Our environment takes advantage of the existing Project54 application and hardware, developed at the University of New Hampshire, as well as existing datacasting technology and other wireless mobile communications technologies.

Valcourt, Scott A.; Datla, Pushpa; Chamberlin, Kent; McMahon, Benjamin

2008-05-01

58

Advancing Public Health Obesity Policy Through State Attorneys General  

PubMed Central

Obesity in the United States exacts a heavy health and financial toll, requiring new approaches to address this public health crisis. State attorneys general have been underutilized in efforts to formulate and implement food and obesity policy solutions. Their authority lies at the intersection of law and public policy, creating unique opportunities unavailable to other officials and government entities. Attorneys general have a broad range of authority over matters specifically relevant to obesity and nutrition policy, including parens patriae (parent of the country) authority, protecting consumer interests, enacting and supporting rules and regulations, working together across states, engaging in consumer education, and drafting opinions and amicus briefs. Significant room exists for greater attorney general involvement in formulating and championing solutions to public health problems such as obesity.

Brownell, Kelly D.

2011-01-01

59

75 FR 76393 - Notice of Request for a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System) AGENCY...collection concerning its Web-based Public Health Information System. DATES: Comments...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System...

2010-12-08

60

General Public Space Travel and Tourism. Volume 2; Workshop Proceedings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Transportation Association and NASA conducted a General Public Space Travel study between 1996 and 1998. During the study, a workshop was held at Georgetown University. Participants included representatives from the travel, aerospace, and construction industries. This report is the proceedings from that workshop. Sections include infrastructure needs, travel packages, policy related issues, and potential near-term activities.

ONeil, D. (Compiler); Mankins, J. (Editor); Bekey, I. (Editor); Rogers, T. (Editor); Stallmer, E. (Editor); Piland, W. (Editor)

1999-01-01

61

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Department of Agriculture's website has a special section devoted to alternative farming systems, which include ecological pest management, value-added enterprises, agritourism, renewable energy on the farm, and aquaculture. Visitors will find the publications section related to alternative farming system to be filled with resources on a multitude of subjects. "Sustainability in Agriculture" is the first topic on the homepage, and includes a publication updated in 2007, called "Sustainable Agriculture: Definitions and Terms", that should be a good start for many visitors. Visitors interested in learning how to engage in sustainable agriculture methods, should take a look at "Sustainable Agriculture: Information Access Tools" published in 2009. The tools include publications on "Automated Database Searches", "Research Funding Resources", and "Top 10 research Journals". An informative piece of writing about the evolution of organic/sustainable agriculture is also available here.

62

36 CFR 1192.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Public information system. 1192...35 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND...FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 1192.35 Public information system....

2010-07-01

63

36 CFR 1192.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Public information system. 1192...35 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND...FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 1192.35 Public information system....

2009-07-01

64

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Public information system...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system...shall be equipped with a public address system permitting the driver, or recorded or...

2009-10-01

65

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Public information system...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system...shall be equipped with a public address system permitting the driver, or recorded or...

2010-10-01

66

Global Integration of Public Sector Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with technological methods for consolidating assets lists of available public sector information (PSI) for re-use. In this direction, the effort is to review the state of the art in delivering access to PSI throughout the world and to prioritize the necessary engagements for joining available PSI catalogues. We propose an architectural framework grounded on Semantic Web technologies

Christos L. Koumenides; Manuel Salvadores; Harith Alani; Nigel R. Shadbolt

2010-01-01

67

Publicity, Privacy, and Permanence of Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The quantum principles of superposition and entanglement have led to a recasting of the foundations of information and computation theory, and are especially helpful in understanding the nature of privacy. The most private information, exemplified by a quantum eraser experiment, is best regarded as existing only conditionally and temporarily-after the experiment is over no trace remains. Less private is classically-secret information-quantum information that has decohered, and thus become recoverable in principle, though not in practice, from portions of the environment. Finally there is public information, which has been replicated so thoroughly throughout the environment as to be infeasible to conceal. The Internet has caused an explosion of public information, with the beneficial side effect of making it harder for despots to rewrite the history of their misdeeds, and it is tempting to hope that all macroscopic information is permanent, making such cover-ups impossible in principle if not in practice. However, by comparing entropy flows into and out of the Earth with estimates of the planet's storage capacity, we conclude that most macroscopic information-for example the pattern of sand grains on an ancient beach-is impermanent, in the sense of becoming irrecoverable in principle from the Earth though still recorded in the Universe.

Bennett, Charles H.

2006-11-01

68

75 FR 69437 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested November...C. 3501-3520), the Federal Communications Commission invites the general...

2010-11-12

69

Mapping Performance as General Music Informance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Music ensemble teachers use informances as means of illuminating less visible student rehearsal experiences that serve as cornerstones for the ever-visible musical performances. How might teachers apply this tool of advocacy and education to the general music classroom? In this article, the author provides a description of action research that she…

Kerchner, Jody L.

2010-01-01

70

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2009-10-01

71

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2010-10-01

72

Tritium analysis of urine samples from the general Korean public.  

PubMed

The tritium concentrations of urine samples and the effective dose of the general Korean public were evaluated. To achieve accurate HTO analysis of urine samples, we established the optimal conditions for measuring the HTO content of urine samples. Urine samples from 50 Koreans who do not work at a nuclear facility were analyzed on the basis of the results. The average urine analysis result was 2.8 ±1 .4 Bq/L, and the range was 1.8-5.6 Bq/L. The measured values were lower than those reported for other countries. These results show that environmental factors and lifestyle differences are the main factors affecting the tritium level of the general public. PMID:23557676

Yoon, Seokwon; Ha, Wi-Ho; Lee, Seung-Sook

2013-11-01

73

Public information about clinical trials and research.  

PubMed

Be it to restore the confused image of clinical research in relation to the lay public, or to develop new ways of accruing healthy volunteers or patients for clinical trials, there is a need to draft some guidance on how best to provide information on research. Although the French legal and regulatory armamentarium in this area is essentially liberal, there is currently little-justified reluctance among study sponsors to advertise publicly. A group of academic and pharmaceutical industry researchers, assembled for a workshop, together with regulators, journalists, representatives from ethics committees, social security, patient and health consumer groups and other French institutional bodies, has suggested the following series of recommendations: there is no need for additional legal or regulatory constraints; sponsors should be aware of and make use of direct public information on trials; a 'good practice charter' on public communication about clinical trials should be developed; all professionals should be involved in this communication platform; communication in the patient's immediate vicinity should be preferred (primary-care physician, local press); clinical databases and websites accessible to professionals, but also to patients and non-professionals, should be developed; genuine instruction on clinical trials for physicians and health professionals unfamiliar with such trials should be developed and disseminated; media groups should receive at least some training in the fundamentals of clinical research. PMID:14655315

Plétan, Yannick; Zannad, Faïez; Jaillon, Patrice

2003-01-01

74

78 FR 32234 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection: Public Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Approved Information Collection: Public Health Information System--Animal...and rabbit slaughter for the Public Health Information System--Animal...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System--...

2013-05-29

75

Public Health Information Fusion for Situation Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent events, including the terrorist attacks in the fall of 2001, the spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS),\\u000a and Hurricane Katrina, highlight the need for real-time information exchange to enhance government’s awareness and understanding\\u000a of public health events in order to detect and respond as those events unfold. This paper describes the planned approach of\\u000a the Centers for Disease

Henry Rolka; Jean C. O'connor; David Walker

2008-01-01

76

How can a research library support the communication of science to the general public?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How can an observatory library support the communication of science to the general public? We will describe how a highly specialised astronomical library can also play a key role in disseminating astronomical knowledge, making scientific results available across a wide range of levels, from professional to public to educational. This outreach activity requires several steps, ranging from the preliminary identification and scrutiny of sources to the production of new information material (e.g. maps, brochures, and DVDs). In particular, we will describe some recent experiences in the dissemination of astronomical information to the general public, especially teachers and children, analysing some results of this activity, such as a bibliography of Italian Astronomical Books for Children, a review of scientific books and other multimedia products.

Brunetti, F.; Gasperini, A.

2008-06-01

77

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

This circular provides information on shipment of spent fuel subject to regulation by US NRC. It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirement of general interest, a summary of data for 1979-1995 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

NONE

1996-07-01

78

Medical Information Management System (MIMS): A generalized interactive information system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An interactive information system is described. It is a general purpose, free format system which offers immediate assistance where manipulation of large data bases is required. The medical area is a prime area of application. Examples of the system's operation, commentary on the examples, and a complete listing of the system program are included.

Alterescu, S.; Friedman, C. A.; Hipkins, K. R.

1975-01-01

79

Medical Information Management System (MIMS): A Generalized Interactive Information System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes an interactive information system. It is a general purpose, free format system which can offer immediate assistance where manipulation of large data bases is required. The medical area is a prime area of application. The report is designed to serve as a manual for potential users--nontechnical personnel who will use the…

Alterescu,Sidney; And Others

80

Writing About Polar Regions for the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth's polar regions hold an extraordinary attraction for members of the general public. In recent years, tales of polar exploration and derring-do have come to the public's attention through films, documentaries, novels and biographies of the early explorers. But the modern scientific exploration of Antarctica and the Arctic remains much less accessible to the lay public, and is often relegated by newspapers and magazines to disaster stories-for instance the discovery of a hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica, the disintegration of polar ice shelves because of global warming or even tragic accidents involving scientists themselves. As Features Editor of New Scientist, I visited Antarctica twice under the NSF science media program and made several research trips to the Arctic, each time writing magazine pieces about my experiences for the public. I have also recently published a popular book "Snowball Earth" about ancient ice, aimed at the intelligent lay person. I will discuss several different writing approaches for integrating descriptions of scientific research with the romance of Antarctica and the Arctic, in order to stimulate the imagination of lay people who are afraid of science, but ready to be captivated by ice.

Walker, G.

2003-12-01

81

76 FR 18572 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy Policy AGENCY: Office of...following information: Title of Proposal: Admission to, and Occupancy of Public Housing...the low-income housing program for admission and occupancy. PHAs must develop...

2011-04-04

82

Knowledge of blood pressure in a UK general public population.  

PubMed

Little is known about the general public's understanding of the role of blood pressure (BP) in contributing to heart disease and stroke. This study aimed to gain a wider understanding of the knowledge and awareness of BP in a selected London population. As part of a stroke awareness campaign, members of the public were offered BP testing and were asked about their knowledge and awareness of BP. Descriptive statistics were employed to explore knowledge and awareness of BP. ?(2)-test was run to explore the difference between knowledge and awareness of BP, and whether there was a difference in BP readings in normotensive and hypertensive participants. A total of 1019 participants (males 295; mean age 54 years, range 16-92) were recruited with a mean BP of 130/77?mm?Hg. Over half (52%) of the total population was unable to correctly estimate an acceptable range of BP, and of that group 28% had a systolic BP (SBP) >140?mm?Hg. Of the 31% self-reporting hypertension and on medication, over a quarter (27%) did not know the range for acceptable BP. A third were poorly controlled with a SBP >140?mm?Hg. Mean SBP in the hypertensive participants who correctly estimated 'acceptable BP' was 3?mm?Hg lower (147?mm?Hg) than those who guessed incorrectly (150?mm?Hg) (P<0.04). There remains a lack of understanding of BP in the general public population with individuals having little knowledge of an acceptable BP range. Hypertensive patients demonstrate a particularly poor understanding of BP. This study suggests that good knowledge of BP influences BP control in a hypertensive population and has important public health implications. PMID:24430705

Slark, J; Khan, M S; Bentley, P; Sharma, P

2014-08-01

83

15 CFR 2003.5 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Information open to public inspection. 2003...Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE REGULATIONS OF TRADE POLICY STAFF COMMITTEE § 2003.5 Information open to public inspection....

2010-01-01

84

15 CFR 2003.5 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Information open to public inspection. 2003...Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE REGULATIONS OF TRADE POLICY STAFF COMMITTEE § 2003.5 Information open to public inspection....

2009-01-01

85

15 CFR 2016.4 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Information open to public inspection. 2016.4 Section 2016.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...ANDEAN TRADE PREFERENCE ACT (ATPA), AS AMENDED § 2016.4 Information open to public inspection....

2010-01-01

86

15 CFR 2016.4 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Information open to public inspection. 2016.4 Section 2016.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...ANDEAN TRADE PREFERENCE ACT (ATPA), AS AMENDED § 2016.4 Information open to public inspection....

2009-01-01

87

Information Operations and Public Affairs: A Union of Influence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The roles and responsibilities of public affairs and information operations can be complimentary. When the two functions are properly integrated, the unity of the communication effort supports the commander. Although public affairs and information operati...

D. A. Opperman

2012-01-01

88

32 CFR 1901.03 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 General...writing to the Information and Privacy Coordinator, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC. 20505. Requests with the...

2013-07-01

89

Evaluating Public Health Uses of Health Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Health information exchange (HIE) initiatives are in various stages of development across the United States. They aim to bring previously unavailable clinical data from patients’ disparate health records, which may be spread over multiple provider and payer networks, to the point of care where clinicians and their patients need it most. The implications of these initiatives on public health are numerous. This article provides general evaluation methods for measuring the impact of HIE on public health in six use cases: 1) mandated reporting of laboratory diagnoses, 2) mandated reporting of physician-based diagnoses, 3) public health investigation, 4) disease-based non-reportable laboratory data, 5) antibiotic-resistant organism surveillance, and 6) population-level quality monitoring.

Shapiro, Jason S.

2007-01-01

90

CRCHD - Patient Navigation Information: Publications, Web Sites, and Applications  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Patient Navigation Information: Publications, Web Sites, and Applications  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Background Patient Navigation Information Patient Navigation Concept What Are Patient Navigators? Patient Navigation

91

43 CFR 3862.9 - Public availability of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Lode Mining Claim Patent Applications ...of information. (a) All data and information concerning...covering the public disclosure of data and information contained...request. (b) When you submit data and information under...

2013-10-01

92

Regularization Parameter Selections via Generalized Information Criterion.  

PubMed

We apply the nonconcave penalized likelihood approach to obtain variable selections as well as shrinkage estimators. This approach relies heavily on the choice of regularization parameter, which controls the model complexity. In this paper, we propose employing the generalized information criterion (GIC), encompassing the commonly used Akaike information criterion (AIC) and Bayesian information criterion (BIC), for selecting the regularization parameter. Our proposal makes a connection between the classical variable selection criteria and the regularization parameter selections for the nonconcave penalized likelihood approaches. We show that the BIC-type selector enables identification of the true model consistently, and the resulting estimator possesses the oracle property in the terminology of Fan and Li (2001). In contrast, however, the AIC-type selector tends to overfit with positive probability. We further show that the AIC-type selector is asymptotically loss efficient, while the BIC-type selector is not. Our simulation results confirm these theoretical findings, and an empirical example is presented. Some technical proofs are given in the online supplementary material. PMID:20676354

Zhang, Yiyun; Li, Runze; Tsai, Chih-Ling

2010-03-01

93

Regularization Parameter Selections via Generalized Information Criterion  

PubMed Central

We apply the nonconcave penalized likelihood approach to obtain variable selections as well as shrinkage estimators. This approach relies heavily on the choice of regularization parameter, which controls the model complexity. In this paper, we propose employing the generalized information criterion (GIC), encompassing the commonly used Akaike information criterion (AIC) and Bayesian information criterion (BIC), for selecting the regularization parameter. Our proposal makes a connection between the classical variable selection criteria and the regularization parameter selections for the nonconcave penalized likelihood approaches. We show that the BIC-type selector enables identification of the true model consistently, and the resulting estimator possesses the oracle property in the terminology of Fan and Li (2001). In contrast, however, the AIC-type selector tends to overfit with positive probability. We further show that the AIC-type selector is asymptotically loss efficient, while the BIC-type selector is not. Our simulation results confirm these theoretical findings, and an empirical example is presented. Some technical proofs are given in the online supplementary material.

Zhang, Yiyun; Li, Runze; Tsai, Chih-Ling

2009-01-01

94

DOD Controls Over Information Placed on Publicly Accessible Web Sites Require Better Execution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a September 25, 2008, memorandum to the DOD Office of the Inspector General, the then Deputy Secretary of Defense (DEPSECDEF), outlined his concerns that, 'sensitive information frequently can still be found on publicly accessible Web sites.' To addres...

2010-01-01

95

43 CFR 3100.4 - Public availability of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) OIL AND GAS LEASING Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing: General § 3100.4 Public availability...disclosure to the public, you must clearly mark each page that you believe includes confidential...

2013-10-01

96

Information Access through Electronic Databases for Rural Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compile a list of recommended electronic databases for rural libraries, public library patron questions received by the Arizona State Reference Center were searched on ten databases. The results indicated Books in Print, Magazine Database, ABI/INFORM, Public Affairs Information System (PAIS), and Government Printing Office (GPO) Publications

Canepi, Kitti

1997-01-01

97

Reciprocal Net: A Distributed Crystallography Network for Researchers, Students, and the General Public  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reciprocal Net is a digital collection of molecular structures in crystallography and chemistry. Innovative visualizing tools provide a valuable glimpse into structural details of substances. For each molecular structure, the chemical formula and an explanation is given. The website also has other reference information and some demonstrations and learning modules. The content of this collection comes principally from structures contributed by participating crystallography laboratories, thus providing a means for teachers, students, and the general public to connect better with current chemistry research. The Reciprocal Net's emphasis is on obtaining structures of general interest and usefulness to those several classes of digital-library users.

2003-07-25

98

20 CFR 220.142 - General information about work activity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... true General information about work activity. 220.142 Section 220.142 Employees...DETERMINING DISABILITY Substantial Gainful Activity § 220.142 General information about work activity. (a) The nature of the...

2013-04-01

99

32 CFR 705.16 - Navy produced public information material.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Navy produced public information material. 705.16...Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS PUBLIC AFFAIRS...

2013-07-01

100

32 CFR 705.16 - Navy produced public information material.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Defense 5 2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Navy produced public information material. 705.16...Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS PUBLIC AFFAIRS...

2009-07-01

101

32 CFR 505.1 - General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DA Freedom of Information Act and Privacy...Promote Privacy Act awareness throughout the...ensure personal information contained in a...protected so that the security and confidentiality of the information is...

2013-07-01

102

Clearing the smog? Public responses to air?quality information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent perspectives on public responses to environmental and risk communication have emphasised the interpretation, judgement and ‘sense?making’ that takes place when lay audiences receive information and advice. In this paper we consider the public reception given to air?quality information in the UK as one example of a government information and communication initiative. Drawing on elements of a wider research project

Karen Bickerstaff; Gordon Walker

1999-01-01

103

75 FR 29570 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Public Housing Agency Plan Revisions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...HUD-50077-CR, HUD-50077-SL, HUD-50070. Members of the Affected Public: Local, Regional and State Body Corporate Politic Public Housing Agencies (PHAs) Governments. Estimation of the total number of hours needed to prepare the information...

2010-05-26

104

Planetree health information services: public access to the health information people want.  

PubMed Central

In July 1981, the Planetree Health Resource Center opened on the San Francisco campus of California Pacific Medical Center (Pacific Presbyterian Medical Center). Planetree was founded on the belief that access to information can empower people and help them face health and medical challenges. The Health Resource Center was created to provide medical library and health information resources to the general public. Over the last twelve years, Planetree has tried to develop a consumer health library collection and information service that is responsive to the needs and interests of a diverse public. In an effort to increase accessibility to the medical literature, a consumer health library classification scheme was created for the organization of library materials. The scheme combines the specificity and sophistication of the National Library of Medicine classification scheme with the simplicity of common lay terminology.

Cosgrove, T L

1994-01-01

105

Bringing Nano to the Public through Informal Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Researchers in nanoscale science and engineering communicate all the time. We give talks, present lectures, and write papers regularly. But the general public---the consumers who will use the products of our work and the voters who indirectly set the national research agenda---do not often hear us. Informal science education---including museums, TV, public lectures, popular press, etc.---is a way to connect with broader audiences in a variety of fun and effective ways. Museums, which are visited by hundreds of millions of people each year in the U.S., are popular because they are skilled at making abstract and complex phenomena comprehensible to people from all walks of life and at making the whole experience fun. This talk will provide an introduction the ``informal science education'' field, discuss the art of honing your message into clear and realistic learning goals, describe methods for understanding your audience and their background, and help researchers to appreciate the limits of what can be learned in one experience. It will also review what the public currently understands about nanoscale science and engineering and the challenges that these (mis)understandings create for museums and researchers.

Crone, Wendy

2008-03-01

106

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

The circular has been prepared to provide information on the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel (spent fuel) subject to regulation by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirements of general interest, a summary of data for 1979--1991 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

Not Available

1992-06-01

107

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

This circular has been prepared to provide information on the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel (spent fuel) subject to regulation by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirements of general interest, a summary of data for 1979--1989 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials. 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1991-01-01

108

78 FR 41192 - Publication of General License Related to the Zimbabwe Sanctions Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Publication of General License Related to the Zimbabwe Sanctions Program AGENCY: Office of Foreign...publishing General License No. 1 issued under the Zimbabwe sanctions program on April 24, 2013. Zimbabwe General License No. 1 authorizes all...

2013-07-09

109

Improving Access to Public Health Information: A Study of Information Needs in a State Health Department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Public health challenges can be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective public health practices is readily available. The need for improved access to evidence-based public health information has been recognized by public health practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and librarians.\\u000aObjective: To understand the information needs of the public health workforce and to improve access to

E. Hatheway Simpson; Nancy R. LaPelle; Elaine Russo Martin

2006-01-01

110

Information for Public Water System Owners and Operators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources page provides basic information for owners of public water supply systems. It provides links to the state regulations, and information on water quality and monitoring.

2008-10-22

111

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This compilation of abstract provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject mat...

1979-01-01

112

EIA (Energy Information Administration) Publications Directory 1984: A User's Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Bibliographic information and abstracts for 97 Energy Information Administration (EIA) publications released for printing in 1984 are provided. The abstracts are arranged by broad subject categories, such as coal, natural gas, and energy consumption. A co...

1985-01-01

113

43 CFR 420.23 - Public notice and information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION...OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE Designated...Events § 420.23 Public notice and information...the regulation of off-road vehicles shall be posted...to the attention of the public. A copy of any...

2013-10-01

114

Impact from US Government Printing on Public Access to Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overview of public access to government publications in terms of policy set by Reagan administration and Congress highlights Government Printing Office sales program, Freedom of Information Act, and Title 44 "United States Code" revision. Research on government publication access in depository collections and selected policy issues is appended.…

Hernon, Peter; McClure, Charles R.

1984-01-01

115

Impact of Information Technology on Public Accounting Firm Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, information technology (IT) has played a critical role in the services provided by the public accounting industry. However, no empirical research has evaluated the impact of IT on public accounting firms. This study focuses on five offices of an international public accounting firm that recently made large IT investments, primarily in audit software and knowledge-sharing applications. Both

Rajiv D. Banker; Hsihui Chang; Yi-ching Kao

2002-01-01

116

HIV\\/AIDS Information in Public Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite well-publicized advances in the development of antiretroviral therapies, HIV infection remains an incurable condition. Worldwide, the disease threatens to gravely impact a wide range of developing nations, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, South and Southeast Asia and South America. In the United States, the poor and particularly women of color are at great, and increasing, risk for infection. Public libraries,

Gerald Perry

2000-01-01

117

Social and Behavioral History Information in Public Health Datasets  

PubMed Central

Social and behavioral history is increasingly recognized as integral for understanding important determinants of disease and critical for patient care, research, clinical guidelines, and public health policies. Social and behavioral history information in the public health domain, specifically large public health surveys, has not been well described. In this study, a content analysis was performed and information model constructed and contrasted with clinically-based models for each of three widely used public health surveys: BRFSS (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System), NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey), and NHIS (National Health Interview Survey). Survey items were predominantly related to alcohol use, drug use, occupation, and tobacco use. Although the clinical social history information model was similar, public health social history demonstrated additional complexity in coding temporality, degree of exposure, and certainty. Our results give insight into ongoing efforts to integrate clinical and public health information resources for improving and measuring health.

Melton, Genevieve B.; Manaktala, Sharad; Sarkar, Indra Neil; Chen, Elizabeth S.

2012-01-01

118

Information Technology and Value Creation in the Public Sector Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this dissertation, I study the performance impact of information technology (IT) investments in the public sector. IT has been one of the key assets in public administration since the early MIS era. Even though the information systems (IS) discipline has witnessed a considerable amount of research efforts on the subject of IT business value for…

Pang, Min-Seok

2011-01-01

119

EIA publication manual: Fourth edition. [Energy information manuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the fourth edition of the Publications Manual. It was written to help the staff of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) who are involved in the production process to create and format uniform publications that not only provide information, but readily identify the agency. The manual reflects the substantial changes that have taken place to streamline methods of producing

Neef

1988-01-01

120

Public Information and Knowledge Requisites of a Shelter System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study of public information requirements for effective use of the shelter system is comprised of three separate but related parts. The first is an analysis of the types of items that make up the minimum required public information content for effecti...

E. Bend S. Cohen C. McDaniel

1966-01-01

121

An Examination of the Public Transport Information Requirements of Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the provision of public trans- port information in Dublin, Ireland. It examines both existing and potential methods of accessing information, with particular focus on the implementation of various intelligent transport systems applications. One of the main objectives of this paper is examining the stages a passenger goes through when deciding to undertake a public transport trip

Brian Caulfield; Margaret O'mahony

2007-01-01

122

Shared books: collaborative publication management for an office information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Shared Book helps the users of an office information system create a multiple-part publication and manage it throughout its life cycle. The Shared Book supports simultaneous collaboration both by allowing different workers to work on different parts at the same time and by ensuring that workers use the current revision of each part. It protects publication information by providing

Brian T. Lewis; Jeffrey D. Hodges

1988-01-01

123

Client-Controlled Case Information: A General System Theory Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author proposes a model for client control of case information via the World Wide Web built on principles of general system theory. It incorporates the client into the design, resulting in an information structure that differs from traditional human services information-sharing practices. Referencing general system theory, the concepts of…

Fitch, Dale

2004-01-01

124

Measuring information security governance within general medical practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information security is becoming increasingly important within the Australian general medical practice environment as legal and accreditation compliance is being enforced. Using a literature review, approaches to measuring information security governance were analysed for their potential suitability and use within General Practice for the effective protection of confidential information. The models, frameworks and guidelines selected were analysed to evaluate if

Rachel Mahncke; Donald McDermid; Patricia Williams

2009-01-01

125

Measuring Information Security Governance Within General Medical Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information security is becoming increasingly important within the Australian general medical practice environment as legal and accreditation compliance is being enforced. Using a literature review, approaches to measuring information security governance were analysed for their potential suitability and use within General Practice for the effective protection of confidential information. The models, frameworks and guidelines selected were analysed to evaluate if

Rachel J Mahncke; Donald C McDermid; Patricia A Williams

2009-01-01

126

Information Technology in Public Libraries in Kuwait: A First Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the availability and use of information technology in public libraries in Kuwait. Specific areas addressed are (1) hardware\\/software, (2) patterns of connectivity such as LANs, Internet, etc., (3) training and development activities in support of information technology, and (4) future projections regarding the use of information technology. The study provides policy-makers and information professionals with previously unavailable

CHARLENE L. AL-QALLAF; HOWAYA M. AL-AZMI

2002-01-01

127

Public Sector Information Technology InitiativesImplications for Programs of Public Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the 10th anniversary of the recommendations published by the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA) on information system instruction in schools and departments of public administration, sweeping information management reforms were instituted throughout the federal sector by the passage of the Clinger-Cohen Act (CCA) of 1996. This research examines the extent to which these programs

Mary Maureen Brown; Jeffrey L. Brudney

1998-01-01

128

Sharing hydropower information through books and publications  

SciTech Connect

HRW summarizes several books and publications by hydro professionals that educate, instruct, or assist colleagues throughout the world as they work toward meeting today`s hydro`s challenges and pursuing opportunities.

Fulton, E.

1995-12-31

129

The Bureaucratic Destruction of Patients' Faith in Their Doctors: Public Psychiatry's Negative Lessons for General Medicine  

PubMed Central

The doctor-patient relationship, so important in all of medical practice, has been destroyed in much of American public psychiatry. That destruction should serve as an important negative lesson for a medical care system facing reorganization. The desirability of having the same psychiatrist caring for a patient both in the mental hospital and after discharge—continuity of care—should have been obvious, but its significance was not defined explicitly, to this author's knowledge, until about 1979. White's demonstration that the therapeutic relationship's positive impact seems to “account for about half of the benefits” associated with medical and similar ministrations underlines its importance. Continuity of competent public psychiatric care, and its therapeutic effectiveness, have been impeded by the harmful attitudes and actions of American psychiatry and the care-fragmenting acts of public officials. Soon after the continuity concept was informally presented in 1979, official American psychiatry, increasingly influenced by drug companies, began denying the importance of a physician's continuing care by redefining “continuity” as though public mental health care had to be fragmented. Specific policy decisions by officials are also largely responsible for the destruction of good public psychiatric care. This in turn has produced gross overuse of medications and the near disappearance of competent public psychiatric leadership and effective therapeutic relationships. An example from the federal Health Care Finance Administration shows how comparably harmful bureaucratic decisions concerning health care can also be made on the federal level. If similar decisions are made under the proposed reorganization of general medical care, that care, like American public psychiatry, may become harmful to its patients.

Lehrman, Nathaniel S.

1994-01-01

130

AAMC Publications and Information Resources: AAMC Listservs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Association of American Medical Colleges Listservs is a new web page that consolidates information about AAMC's fifteen mailing lists. Topics include AAMC activities, faculty affairs, resident affairs and medical education software, among others. Each list contains a brief description, information on eligibility requirements to join the list, and subscription information.

1997-01-01

131

Orinoco Belt: general information and characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present work is an illustrative introduction of the general characteristics and most important development plans by Petroleos de Venezuela and its different subsidiaries. The main aspects are given so that a better understanding can be reached about one of the greatest technological challenges faced by a Venezuela nationalized oil industry. Petroleos de Venezuela as a state corporation is aware

E. Perozo; F. DOrazio

2009-01-01

132

General Information about Stomach (Gastric) Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... the disease is found and treated at an early stage . Clinical trials that study cancer screening methods are taking place in many parts of the country. Information about ongoing clinical trials is available from the NCI ... at an early stage. These screening tests include the following: Barium - ...

133

Generalized vector spaces model in information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

In information retrieval, it is common to model index terms and documents as vectors in a suitably defined vector space. The main difficulty with this approach is that the explicit representation of term vectors is not known a priori. For this reason, the vector space model adopted by Salton for the SMART system treats the terms as a set of

S. K. Michael Wong; Wojciech Ziarko; Patrick C. N. Wong

1985-01-01

134

Implementation Errors and Information Acquisition in Public Procurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper studies information acquisition in public procurement to mitigate imple- mentation errors that arise when production costs are uncertain ex ante. The principal faces three incentive problems: ex ante and ex post information revelation and information acquisition. Optimal contracts are nevertheless characterized by simple menus, including flexible exit options. Due to the trade-off between rent and efficiency, the principal

Daniel Krahmer; Roland Strausz

135

The Telehealth Divide: Disparities in Searching Public Health Information Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores e?government inequalities to searching Medicare and Medi? caid information online. Telehealth, a branch of e?government, can bring public health service and insurance information to the citizen. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services website, among others, has critical information for potential beneficiaries and recipients of services. Using Pew survey data and multivariate regression analysis we find people

Mary. Schmeida; Ramona S. McNeal

2007-01-01

136

Can public information programs affect risk perceptions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides the first controlled evaluation of how different information materials explaining the risks from radon influenced people's perceptions of these risks. Using a panel study, it was possible to observe how stated risk perceptions responded to information about indoor radon concentrations and brochures explaining the radon readings. The findings indicate that risk communication policies can be effective in

V. Kerry Smith; William H. Desvousges; F. Reed Johnson; Ann Fisher

1990-01-01

137

Cartography, Geographic Information, and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cartography is undergoing a digital transition with geographic data becoming available in machine-readable form and with the diminishing need to draw and print maps in order to communicate information. This automation will force cartographers to concentrate upon the institutional aspects of information management. Implications for geographic…

Monmonier, Mark S.

1982-01-01

138

The Next Public Health Revolution: Public Health Information Fusion and Social Networks  

PubMed Central

Social, political, and economic disruptions caused by natural and human-caused public health emergencies have catalyzed public health efforts to expand the scope of biosurveillance and increase the timeliness, quality, and comprehensiveness of disease detection, alerting, response, and prediction. Unfortunately, efforts to acquire, render, and visualize the diversity of health intelligence information are hindered by its wide distribution across disparate fields, multiple levels of government, and the complex interagency environment. Achieving this new level of situation awareness within public health will require a fundamental cultural shift in methods of acquiring, analyzing, and disseminating information. The notion of information “fusion” may provide opportunities to expand data access, analysis, and information exchange to better inform public health action.

Fleischauer, Aaron; Casani, Julie; Groseclose, Samuel L.

2010-01-01

139

Resource Letter PBGP-1: Physics books for the general public  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Resource Letter is a checklist of popular books about physics and some of its allied sciences, grouped by subject and genre. Its principal purpose is to help physics teachers provide advice and guidance to their students and to the lay public.

Hans Christian von Baeyer; Edith V. Bowers

2004-01-01

140

[Informed consent for dentistry in public hospitals, Federal District, Brazil].  

PubMed

Personal powers of decision and individuality must be respected, grounded on autonomy expressed through informed consent. This paper examines data on the actual use of informed consent in public hospitals in Brazil's Federal District. A questionnaire was completed by dentists in public hospitals, and its findings show that verbal informed consent is obtained at the start of treatment in most of the hospitals. Errors were noted in the use and conceptualization of informed consent. Failing to distinguish between image rights authorization and informed consent, the documents provide little information and do not explain important aspects of the treatment. Dentists practicing in the public hospital network thus need more detailed knowledge of basic bio-ethics in order to merge the long-consolidated and regulated principle of welfare with the principle of autonomy. PMID:18813509

Maluf, Fabiano; de Carvalho, Gilberto Paiva; Diniz Júnior, José Caubi; Bugarin Junior, João Geraldo; Garrafa, Volnei

2007-01-01

141

76 FR 24901 - Request for Input To Inform a Possible Surgeon General Action on Prescription Drug Abuse in Youth  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...General response to the public health problem of prescription drug abuse among youth. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Scope of Problem: Prescription drug abuse \\1\\ remains...to address the prescription drug abuse problem, which included engaging the Office...

2011-05-03

142

Information technology project management within public sector organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The project management literature contains a growing body of research addressing information technology (IT). Currently, the majority of these studies direct attention towards projects completed within private sector organizations. Given the unique characteristics surrounding public sector organizations, this paper aims to argue that it is inappropriate to apply the lessons learned from private sector organizations in the public

Kirsten M. Rosacker; Robert E. Rosacker

2010-01-01

143

Strategic Information Systems Planning in Malaysian Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper's purpose is to investigate the current status, problems and benefits of strategic information systems planning implementation in Malaysian public universities. Design/methodology/approach: The study uses dual but mutually supportive strands of investigation, i.e. a questionnaire survey and interviews. Findings: Malaysian public

Ismail, Noor Azizi; Raja Mohd Ali, Raja Haslinda; Mat Saat, Rafeah; Hsbollah, Hafizah Mohamad

2007-01-01

144

Economic Costs of Informing the Public on Seafood Safety Matters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The memorandum provides managers of seafood safety programs with an understanding of the economic consequences of disseminating information to the public regarding health risks. The paper begins with some definitions and discussion of terms that relate to...

M. Raizin G. M. Meaburn

1989-01-01

145

Information and Communication Infrastructure for National Security and Public Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Creating an information and communication infrastructure for national security and public safety could be central for prevention of and defence against terrorism. The infrastructure should provide robust and secure access for any authorized user of voice ...

M. Wallmark

2004-01-01

146

43 CFR 3802.6 - Public availability of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINING CLAIMS UNDER THE GENERAL MINING LAWS Exploration and Mining, Wilderness Review Program § 3802.6...availability of information. (a) All data and information concerning...

2013-10-01

147

29 CFR 779.319 - A retail or service establishment must be open to general public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...make purchases of goods or services on the premises in order to be considered as available and open to the general public. A refrigerator repair service shop, for example, is available and open to the general public even if it receives all its orders on...

2013-07-01

148

78 FR 77662 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction...

2013-12-24

149

Semantic interoperability between clinical and public health information systems for improving public health services.  

PubMed

Improving public health services requires comprehensively integrating all services including medical, social, community, and public health ones. Therefore, developing integrated health information services has to start considering business process, rules and information semantics of involved domains. The paper proposes a business and information architecture for the specification of a future-proof national integrated system, concretely the requirements for semantic integration between public health surveillance and clinical information systems. The architecture is a semantically interoperable approach because it describes business process, rules and information semantics based on national policy documents and expressed in a standard language such us the Unified Modeling Language UML. Having the enterprise and information models formalized, semantically interoperable Health IT components/services development is supported. PMID:17901617

Lopez, Diego M; Blobel, Bernd G M E

2007-01-01

150

Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion  

SciTech Connect

The `Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application` is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit- Specific Portion. The scope of the General Information Portion includes information that could be used to discuss operating units, units undergoing closure, or units being dispositioned through other options. Documentation included in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the General Information Portion, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance documentation, is located in the Contents Section. The intent of the General Information Portion is: (1) to provide an overview of the Hanford Facility; and (2) to assist in streamlining efforts associated with treatment, storage, and/or disposal unit-specific Part B permit application, preclosure work plan, closure work plan, closure plan, closure/postclosure plan, or postclosure permit application documentation development, and the `Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit` modification process. Revision 2 of the General Information Portion of the `Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application` contains information current as of May 1, 1996. This document is a complete submittal and supersedes Revision 1.

Price, S.M., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-29

151

Nuclear energy information flow from DOE to the public  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research was to study the DOE's program for educating the public about nuclear power and nuclear waste management. DOE's organizational structuree and the procedures used within this structure to disseminate information were studied and readability tests on nuclear information distributed by DOE were conducted. Initial information was obtained through interviews with 29 local, state, and federal DOE representatives. This was supplemented with additional information as it was released by the DOE. The primary goals of the DOE's information program are to encourage two-way communication between the DOE and the public and to encourage public participation in policy-making decisions. Most of this communication, however, is presented orally. Relative to other energy technologies and conservation, very few nuclear brochures are currently being distributed by the DOE. This is especially true with regard to information about nuclear waste. A recent public survey found that a majority of the public wants to learn more about nuclear power and that, with regard to the nuclear fuel cycle, the public wants most to learn about nuclear waste management. Thus, the DOE appears to be missing an eager audience.

Simmons, J.L.; Rankin, W.L.; Nealey, S.M.

1980-06-01

152

Searching the Web: general and scientific information access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web has revolutionized the way people access information, and has opened up new possibilities in areas such as digital libraries, general and scientific information dissemination and retrieval, education, commerce, entertainment, government and health care. There are many avenues for improvement of the Web; for example, in the areas of locating and organizing information. Current techniques for access

Steve Lawrence; C. Lee Giles

1999-01-01

153

Teaching Information-Seeking Behavior and "Precision Public Relations" to Public Relations Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers of public relations courses, this document describes the teaching of information-seeking behavior in an upper-level public relations techniques course. The paper discusses objectives, course concepts, course procedures, resources used, and the role of the instructors. It then describes secondary research projects, including a…

Bissland, James H.

154

IFLA General Conference, 1987. Division of Libraries Serving the General Public. Children's Libraries Section. Public Libraries Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four of the 17 papers in this collection focus on library services for children; the remaining 12 are concerned with public libraries. The papers on children's libraries appear first on this list: (1) "A Study of Integrated Services" (Selma K. Richardson, United States); (2) "Partnership and Prosper: A Broader View of Children's Libraries" (Roy…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

155

General public awareness of heart failure: results of questionnaire survey during Heart Failure Awareness Day 2011  

PubMed Central

Introduction General public views about heart failure (HF) alone and in comparison with other chronic conditions are largely unknown; thus we conducted this survey to evaluate general public awareness about HF and HF disease burden relative to common chronic disease. Material and methods This was a cross-sectional survey during European Heart Failure Awareness Day 2011. People visiting the stands and other activities in 12 Slovenian cities were invited to complete a 14-item questionnaire. Results The analysis included 850 subjects (age 56 ±15 years, 44% men, 55% completed secondary education or higher). Overall, 83% reported to have heard about HF, 58% knew someone with HF, and 35% believed that HF is a normal consequence of ageing. When compared to other chronic diseases, HF was perceived as less important than cancer, myocardial infarction, stroke and diabetes with only 6%, 12%, 7%, and 5% of subjects ranking HF as number 1 in terms of prevalence, cost, quality of life, and survival. A typical patient with HF symptoms was recognized by 30%, which was comparable to the description of myocardial ischemia (33%) and stroke (39%). Primary care physicians (53%) or specialists (52%) would be primary sources of information about HF. If experiencing HF, 83% would prefer their care to be focused on quality of life rather than on survival (14%). Conclusions Many participants reported to have heard about heart failure but the knowledge was poor and with several misbeliefs. Heart failure was perceived as less important than several other chronic diseases, where cancer appears as a main concern among the general public.

Letonja, Mitja; Kovacic, Dragan; Hodoscek, Lea Majc; Marolt, Apolon; Bartolic, Cvetka Melihen; Mulej, Marija; Penko, Meta; Poles, Janez; Ravnikar, Tinkara; Iskra, Mojca Savnik; Pusnik, Cirila Slemenik; Jug, Borut

2014-01-01

156

30 CFR 764.23 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR MINING STATE PROCESSES FOR...UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS § 764.23...the information in the data base and inventory...types of surface coal mining operations or to have...how the inventory and data base system can be...

2013-07-01

157

Public Information Materials for Language Minorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen programs that provide civil rights and criminal justice information to non-English speakers are described. The services provided by each program are summarized and a contact address is provided. The programs are located in Albany, New York; Chester County, Pennsylvania; Rockville, Maryland; Dade County, Florida; Lansing, Michigan; Laredo,…

National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Rockville, MD.

158

Publication of Geographic Information Systems in Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains the publishing of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the Internet, using Free Software. The main objectives of this work are: firstly to know about map servers and secondly to make an application to solve a specific problem related with GIS. The result is a web-based application that allows to access a corporative GIS from any computer connected

E. COLL; J. C. MARTINEZ; J. IRIGOYEN; J. G. SANZ

159

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

2014-01-01

160

Usage of information sources by general practitioners1  

PubMed Central

Questionnaires were sent to approximately 500 general practioners in five areas of one National Health Service Region; there was a 52% response. Certain characteristics of each general practitioner, which were collected from the questionnaire and medical lists, were used to assess how information was used by different `types' of general practitioner. Generally, sources of information emanating from the pharmaceutical industry are used more to introduce the new product, while the `professional' sources such as medical journals are used more to evaluate it. Younger doctors used Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin more than did their colleagues, and single-practice doctors found the representative to be more useful than did joint-practice doctors.

Strickland-Hodge, B; Jeqson, M H

1980-01-01

161

Surgeon General's Workshop on Violence and Public Health Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many abused children are sexually violated, forcefully or through the implicit threats of a parent or caretaker in a position of authority and power. Scant information exists but some figures are enlightening and alarming. In 1984, nearly 125,000 cases of...

1985-01-01

162

Public Health Practice within a Health Information Exchange: Information Needs and Barriers to Disease Surveillance  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Public health professionals engage in frequent exchange of health information while pursuing the objectives of protecting and improving population health. Yet, there has been little study of the information work of public health workers with regard to information exchange. Our objective was to gain a better understanding of information work at a local health jurisdiction before and during the early stages of participation in a regional Health Information Exchange. Methods: We investigated the information work of public health workers engaged in disease surveillance activities at a medium-sized local health jurisdiction by conducting semi-structured interviews and thematically analyzing interview transcripts. Results: Analysis of the information work of public health workers revealed barriers in the following areas: information system usability; data timeliness, accuracy and completeness; and social interaction with clients. We illustrate these barriers by focusing on the work of epidemiologists. Conclusion: Characterizing information work and barriers to information exchange for public health workers should be part of early system design efforts. A comprehensive understanding of the information practice of public health workers will inform the design of systems that better support public health work.

Reeder, Blaine; Revere, Debra; Hills, Rebecca A; Baseman, Janet G; Lober, William B

2012-01-01

163

Information for Rural Development: Challenge for Nigerian Rural Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights the role that innovative rural public library services can play in the development process of Nigeria to improve rural users' literacy and education and enhance their ability to use practical information relevant to their daily lives. Discusses information needs in rural Nigeria and the role of the rural librarian. (Author/LRW)

Okiy, Rose Bini

2003-01-01

164

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of abstracts provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject matter--e.g., energy and clean water, food and health, foreign investments, ethics in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on House Administration.

165

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review is presented of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) response to Congressional and management concerns, relating specifically to energy information system documentation, public access to EIA systems, and scientific\\/peer evaluation. The relevant organizational and policy responses of EIA are discussed. An analysis of the model development process and approaches to, and organization of, model evaluation is presented. Included is

D. O. Wood; M. J. Mason

1979-01-01

166

77 FR 13294 - Announcing Approval of Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure Hash Standard (SHS...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure Hash Standard (SHS...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure Hash Standard...

2012-03-06

167

75 FR 47267 - Public informational Scoping Meetings on the Management of Bottomfish Fishery Resources within...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN: 0648-XX78 Public informational Scoping Meetings on the Management of Bottomfish Fishery...ACTION: Notice of public informational scoping...Pacific Fisheries Management Council (Council) will convene public informational...

2010-08-05

168

76 FR 70471 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the: Study of Public Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Comment on the: Study of Public Housing Agencies...comments on the subject proposal. DATES: Comments Due...Comments should refer to the proposal by name and/or OMB...information: Title of Proposal: Study of Public Housing...

2011-11-14

169

77 FR 28400 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Study of Public Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Comment on the Study of Public Housing Agencies...comments on the subject proposal. DATES: Comments Due...Comments should refer to the proposal by name and/or OMB...information: Title of Proposal: Study of Public Housing...

2012-05-14

170

Skin protection in the sun: a survey of the quality of information available in general interest magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was carried out in July 1994 to assess the quality of information readily available to the public through general interest magazines, on the damaging effects of sun exposure. Information in the magazines was compared to the messages given in a recently published professional consensus statement. Disparities were found between the information set out by the professionals and that

James Miller; Fiona Irving

1995-01-01

171

New Hampshire Alcohol Safety Action Project. Description and Evaluation of the Public Information and Education Countermeasure of the New Hampshire Alcohol Safety Action Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the period from 1972 to 1976 the New Hampshire Alcohol Safety Action Project conducted a public information and education countermeasure with the objectives of increasing the general public's knowledge of the traffic safety hazard posed by drunken ...

R. G. Ulmer H. H. Jacobs

1977-01-01

172

Newborn Screening Information Supports Public Health More than Informed Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To appraise information resources on newborn blood spot screening currently available for parents and health professionals internationally. Method: Health information on newborn blood spot screening was sourced internationally through the internet and, in the United Kingdom, through health service providers and support organisations. An…

Hargreaves, Katrina; Stewart, Ruth; Oliver, Sandy

2005-01-01

173

30 CFR 783.12 - General environmental resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false General environmental resources information. 783.12 Section 783.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2013-07-01

174

30 CFR 779.12 - General environmental resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false General environmental resources information. 779.12 Section 779.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2013-07-01

175

EX-IM Bank: Jobs through Exports. General Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: General Information; Service for Small Business; Memorandum: Country Limitation Schedule; Working Capital Guarantee Program; Overview of Export Credit Insurance Program; How to Apply for Ex-Im Bank Financing; Letter of Interest Application; Prel...

1997-01-01

176

Public Procurement Law, Public Bodies, and the General Interest: Perspectives from Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract:?This article examines the interaction of EC public procurement law with the legislative framework governing higher education in England and Wales. It focuses on the impact of this interaction on changing status of higher education institutions, organisations that are at the margins of the much-discussed public–private divide in law. The Higher Education Act 2004 is viewed as a driver of

2005-01-01

177

Classic versus Fixed Distractors in General Information Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study conducted at the Universities of Haifa and Tel-Aviv to compare two approaches to constructing general multiple choice ability tests--the "classic distractor" test and a new technique, the "fixed-distractor" format test--found a strong similarity between the scores on the two general information ability tests. Seven references are listed.…

Peiser, Carlos; Nevo, Baruch

1983-01-01

178

SpicyNodes: radial layout authoring for the general public.  

PubMed

Trees and graphs are relevant to many online tasks such as visualizing social networks, product catalogs, educational portals, digital libraries, the semantic web, concept maps and personalized information management. SpicyNodes is an information-visualization technology that builds upon existing research on radial tree layouts and graph structures. Users can browse a tree, clicking from node to node, as well as successively viewing a node, immediately related nodes and the path back to the "home" nodes. SpicyNodes' layout algorithms maintain balanced layouts using a hybrid mixture of a geometric layout (a succession of spanning radial trees) and force-directed layouts to minimize overlapping nodes, plus several other improvements over prior art. It provides XML-based API and GUI authoring tools. The goal of the SpicyNodes project is to implement familiar principles of radial maps and focus+context with an attractive and inviting look and feel in an open system that is accessible to virtually any Internet user. PMID:19834176

Douma, Michael; Ligierko, Grzegorz; Ancuta, Ovidiu; Gritsai, Pavel; Liu, Sean

2009-01-01

179

18 CFR 8.11 - Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities... RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DEVELOPMENT AT LICENSED PROJECTS § 8.11 Information respecting use and development of public recreational...

2013-04-01

180

Work-related asthma and implications for the general public.  

PubMed Central

Asthma has been increasing over the last two decades in the United States. The onset of asthma has also been increasingly reported as a result of occupational exposures to over 350 different agents. Work-related asthma (WRA) has become the most frequently diagnosed occupational respiratory illness. Epidemiologic studies from the United States reported WRA incidence rates of 29-710 cases per million workers per year and suggest that 10-25% of adult asthma is work related. Much can be learned about asthma in the general population from investigations of asthma in the workplace. Surveillance of WRA continues to highlight an important role for low molecular weight chemical sensitizers, as well as high molecular weight antigens. Additionally, recent reports implicate mixed exposures, including commercial cleaning solutions, solvents, and other respiratory irritants, as well as contamination in nonindustrial environments, including schools and offices. Investigations of WRA have demonstrated a clear dose-related increase in sensitization and symptoms for exposures to both chemical and protein sensitizers. High proportions of exposed working groups can be affected. Skin exposures may affect the likelihood of individuals developing respiratory symptoms. Atopy increases the risk of sensitization and illness from workplace exposure to antigens but not to chemical sensitizers. Irritant exposures can act as adjuvants among individuals exposed to sensitizing substances, increasing the proportion who become sensitized. Atopy might also be a result of irritant exposures in some persons. Occupational asthma often has important long-term adverse health and economic consequences but can resolve completely with timely control of exposures. Detailed study of such asthma "cures" may prove useful in understanding factors that influence asthmatic airway inflammation in the general population.

Petsonk, Edward L

2002-01-01

181

Beyond information and utility: Transforming public spaces with media facades.  

PubMed

Media facades (often characterized as a building's digital skin) are public displays that substitute dynamic details and information for usually static structures. SMSlingshot is a media facade system at the confluence of art, architecture, and technology design in the context of urban human-computer interaction. It represents a participative approach to public displays that enlivens public spaces and fosters civic and social dialogue as an alternative to advertising and service-oriented information displays. Observations from SMSlingshot's implementation at festival exhibitions provide insight into the roles of scale, distance, and the spatial situation of media facade contexts. The lessons learned apply to most public-display situations and will be useful for designers and developers of this new medium in urban spaces. PMID:24807938

Fischer, Patrick Tobias; Zöllner, Christian; Hoffmann, Thilo; Piatza, Sebastian; Hornecker, Eva

2013-01-01

182

Immunization information and population data sources: the information needs of public health practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Immunizations are an important component of the preventive services provided, managed and promoted by public health. The need to understand the information behaviors of public health practitioners related to immunizations has become more acute as health policy changes encourage the exchange of individual level immunization data between electronic health record (EHR) systems and Immunization Information Systems (IISs). We sought to

Rebecca A. Hills; Blaine Reeder; Debra Revere; William B. Lober; Neil F. Abernethy

2010-01-01

183

Information "Publics" and Equitable Access to Electronic Government Information: The Case of Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that making agricultural information produced by the federal government in electronic formats available through private vendors may lead to inequitable access for its users and challenges the federal government's role in the dissemination of agricultural information. An information public for agricultural information is defined, and…

Shill, Harold B.

1992-01-01

184

Training programs in remote sensing for professionals, students and the general public  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What remote sensing is, how and why it is used, and why more people should be trained in the field is discussed. Suggestions are offered concerning differences in teaching technicians, the general public, and children in schools.

Galeano, R.

1987-01-01

185

40 CFR 141.853 - General monitoring requirements for all public water systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General monitoring requirements for all public water systems. 141.853 Section 141.853...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL PRIMARY DRINKING WATER REGULATIONS Revised Total Coliform...

2013-07-01

186

76 FR 62396 - Martha Coakley, Attorney General of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Connecticut Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Connecticut Public Utilities Regulatory Authority, et al. v. Bangor Hydro-Electric Company, Central Maine Power Company, et al.; Notice of Complaint Martha Coakley, Attorney General of the Commonwealth...

2011-10-07

187

76 FR 67455 - Agency Information Collection Request; 60-Day Public Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public.. 5544 1 10/60 924 Web usability testing......... General Public.. 144 1 1.5 216 Web usability screening....... General Public...4320 1 10/60 720 Professional. Web usability testing......... Health...

2011-11-01

188

Public attitudes and information on the nuclear option  

SciTech Connect

The principal findings of public-opinion surveys on nuclear energy are summaried in this article. Attitudes polled include those on building more nuclear power plants, a nuclear moratorium, options for reducing risks, questions of safety and cost advantage, and the most trusted sources of information about nuclear energy. Next, some less empirical observations for interpreting these results are presented. These address the inertia of beliefs, the nature of risk perception, symbolic aspects of nuclear energy, and the feasibility of nuclear education programs. Finally, several suggestions for public information programs based on the previously noted findings and observations are made. These include a safety program analogous to fire drills, itemized electric bills, nuclear information workshops for news media personnel, and suggestions for improved communication on nuclear issues. These relatively low cost, focused efforts may be more effective than mass media information programs.

Firebaugh, M.W.

1981-03-01

189

Providing information promotes greater public support for potable recycled water.  

PubMed

In spite of the clear need to address water security through sourcing new and alternative water supplies, there has been marked resistance from some communities to the introduction of recycled water for potable use. The present studies tested the effectiveness of providing relatively brief information about the recycled water process and the safety of recycled water on cognitive, emotional and behavioral responses. Three information conditions (basic information or basic information plus information about pollutants in the water, or information that puts the risk of chemicals in the water in perspective) were compared to a no information control condition. Across three experiments there was general support for the hypothesis that providing information would result in more positive cognitive, emotional, and behavioral responses to recycled water. Information increased comfort with potable recycled water and, in general, participants in the information conditions expressed more positive emotions (Experiment 1 & 3), less negative emotions (Experiment 3), more support (Experiment 1 & 3), and lower risk perceptions (Experiment 1 & 3) than those in the no information control condition. Participants who received information also drank more recycled water than control participants (Experiment 1 & 2, although the differences between conditions was not statistically significant) and were significantly more likely to vote in favor of the introduction of a recycled water scheme (Experiment 3). There was evidence, however, that providing information about the level of pollutants in recycled water may lead to ambivalent responses. PMID:24893113

Fielding, Kelly S; Roiko, Anne H

2014-09-15

190

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

2012-10-29

191

PoliNet and Information Utilities: Using Telecommunications in Political Science and Public Administration Education and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General information utilities and specialized networks, such as PoliNet, provide educators and researchers in public administration and allied fields with a diversity of new tools which include: (1) bibliographic searching; (2) international teleconferencing; (3) electronic news clipping services; (4) electronic mail; and (5) free public domain…

Vasu, Michael L.; Garson, G. David

192

Provision of Earthquake Early Warning to the General Public and Necessary Preparatory Process in Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake early warning of JMA is to enable advance countermeasures to the strong motion disaster by providing expected seismic intensity and arrival time of the strong motion, as well as estimated hypocenter parameters, before the S wave arrival. However, due to its very short available time period, it is essential to well publicize the principle and technical limit of EEW, and proper actions to be taken when it is seen or heard, to utilize EEW effectively without causing unnecessary confusion. Accordingly, JMA decided to provide EEW in two steps. Namely, JMA started to provide EEW to a limited number of users who understand the technical limit of EEW and can utilize it effectively, such as for automatic control from August 2006. At that moment, EEW was not well known to the general public, so JMA started to provide it to the general public in October 2007, after publicizing the principle and proper actions to be taken. EEWs are issued basically several times for one earthquake improving the accuracy as available data increases as time passes, securing the promptness of the first issuance at the same time. On line connected computer can utilize such multiply issued information for automatic control. But, when they are transmitted to a public, it is impossible to respond properly, and also it is impossible to transmit all by characters and voice. So, JMA considered the issuance criterion and contents of EEW when it is issued to the general public to meet the following conditions. 1) Should be issued on the best timing, to avoid the false alarm, to secure the promptness as much as possible, and to make the revised issuance as few as possible. 2) Should be issued when really a strong motion is expected, and it should be made clear where the safety actions should be taken. As a result, - Issuance criterion : when the maximum seismic intensity 5 lower(JMA scale) or over is expected by using seismic records from more than one station. - EEW contents : Origin time, epicentral region name, and names of areas(unit is about 1/3 to 1/4 of one prefecture) where seismic intensity 4 or over is expected. Expected arrival time is not included because it differs substantially even in one unit area. Considering the gravity of EEW which can save lives, JMA is considering the framework to clearly define the responsibility of JMA, and to assure the technical standard of EEWs that will be issued from private companies to provide expected seismic intensity and arrival time at individual house and building, which is beyond the national agency's service. In the meeting, some examples of the actual issuance will be introduced. EEW system has been developed by JMA, Railway Technical Research Institute, and National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention.

Tsukada, S.; Kamigaichi, O.; Saito, M.; Takeda, K.; Shimoyama, T.; Nakamura, K.; Kiyomoto, M.; Watanabe, Y.

2007-12-01

193

32 CFR 700.1121 - Disclosure, publication and security of official information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Disclosure, publication and security of official information...Records § 700.1121 Disclosure, publication and security of official information...disclose by oral or written communications, publication, graphic (including...

2013-07-01

194

78 FR 54626 - Announcing Approval of Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 201-2, Personal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 201-2, Personal Identity Verification...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 201-2, Personal Identity Verification...changes in the environment since the publication of FIPS 201-1, and specific...

2013-09-05

195

41 CFR 105-60.304 - Public information handbook and index.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Public information handbook and index. 105-60.304 Section 105-60...Instructions § 105-60.304 Public information handbook and index. GSA publishes a handbook for the public that identifies...

2010-07-01

196

Intelligent Sensor Information System For Public Transport ? To Safely Go  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Intelligent Sensor Information System (ISIS) is described. ISIS is an active CCTV approach to reducing crime and anti-social behavior on public transport systems such as buses. Key to the system is the idea of event composition, in which directly detected atomic events are combined to infer higher-level events with semantic meaning. Video analytics are described that profile the gender

Paul Miller; Weiru Liu; Chris Fowler; Huiyu Zhou; Jiali Shen; Jianbing Ma; Jianguo Zhang; WeiQi Yan; Kieran McLaughlin; Sakir Sezer

2010-01-01

197

Public Requirements for Weather Information and Attitudes Concerning Weather Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The work and the results of a project to determine the public's requirements for weather information is described. The basic purpose of the project is to improve services. The data were collected using a telephone interview survey of a statistically repre...

J. M. Reaser

1981-01-01

198

Research and Publication Patterns in Library and Information Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research and publication patterns of thirty-four topranking researchers in library and information science (LIS) in Africa were surveyed. The researchers produced 294 papers during the 1990–1995 period which were considered for this study. The findings reveal that majority of the researchers were from universities and were based mainly in Nigeria and South Africa. The principal research centres, however, were

L. O. Aina; N. P. Mooko

1999-01-01

199

Personal information in UK public registers: its availability and use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on concerns in the UK regarding the possible abuse of personal information that can be found in lists that are required to be made available to the public under statute or regulation. Cites examples of such possible abuse including a murder case where the victim was allegedly identified as a target by the murderer by means of the Electoral

Barbara Boguscz; J. Eric Davies; Charles Oppenheim

2000-01-01

200

78 FR 15680 - Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders: Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...informing the public that the Animal and Plant Health Inspection...Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection...budgets, fewer available resources, and the continued need...our commitment to our animal and plant health mission...will be streamed on the Internet as a live Webcast....

2013-03-12

201

Clearance of DoD Information for Public Release.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Directive reissues DoD Directive (DoDD) 5230.09 (Reference (a)) to update policy and responsibilities for the security and policy review process for the clearance of official DoD information proposed for official public release by the Department of D...

2008-01-01

202

Public Information and Abnormal Returns in Real Estate Investment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study performs empirical tests of the semistrong form efficiency of a real estate investment market. An asset pricing model is utilized to estimate the abnormal returns resulting from two types of public information, major changes in government tax shelter and rent control policies as well as unanticipated changes in interest rates. In both cases the results find an absence

George W. Gau

1985-01-01

203

Information for rural development: challenge for Nigerian rural public libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nigeria is a developing country where the majority of the population live in rural areas. The majority of these rural dwellers are either non-literate or semi-literate. The need to involve them in the national development process cannot be overemphasized. This can be achieved through the identification of the information needs of rural dwellers and the provision of innovative rural public

Rose Bini Okiy

2003-01-01

204

Information Literacy Training in Public Libraries: A Case from Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the current state of information literacy (IL) training and to identify the strategies and methods used by Canadian public libraries in improving IL skills for their staff and patrons. Also, the study sought to identify problems associated with the development of IL training. This study employed document…

Lai, Horng-Ji

2011-01-01

205

32 CFR 286.2 - DoD public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the activities of its Government. DoD...Defense for Public Affairs, is responsible...can use it to access government records. Each DoD...systems, such as the Government Information Locator...on paper and through electronic means and contain...

2013-07-01

206

Shore Shapers: Introducing children and the general public to biogeomorphological processes and geodiversity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coastal processes shape the coast into a variety of eye-catching and enticing landforms that attract people to marvel at, relax and enjoy coastal geomorphology. Field guides to explain these processes (and the geodiversity that results) to the general public and children are few and far between. In contrast, there is a relative wealth of resources and organised activities introducing people to coastal wildlife, especially on rocky shores. These biological resources typically focus on the biology and climatic controls on their distribution, rather than how the biology interacts with its physical habitat. As an outcome of two recent rock coast biogeomorphology projects (www.biogeomorph.org/coastal/coastaldefencedbiodiversity and www.biogeomorph.org/coastal/bioprotection ), we produced the first known guide to understanding how biogeomorphological processes help create coastal landforms. The 'Shore Shapers' guide (www.biogeomorph.org/coastal/shoreshapers) is designed to: a) bring biotic-geomorphic interactions to life and b) introduce some of the geomorphological and geological controls on biogeomorphic processes and landform development. The guide provides scientific information in an accessible and interactive way - to help sustain children's interest and extend their learning. We tested a draft version of our guide with children, the general public and volunteers on rocky shore rambles using social science techniques and of 74 respondents, 75.6% were more interested in understanding how rock pools (i.e. coastal landforms) develop after seeing the guide. Respondents' opinions about key bioprotective species also changed as a result of seeing the guide - 58% of people found barnacles unattractive before they saw the guide whilst 36% of respondents were more interested in barnacles after seeing the guide. These results demonstrate that there is considerable interest in more educational materials on coastal biogeomorphology and geodiversity.

Naylor, Larissa; Coombes, Martin; Sewell, Jack; White, Anissia

2014-05-01

207

The impact of public service values on services of general interest reform debates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competing values complicate debates on the reform of public services. Attention for competition and efficiency is balanced by concerns for equity and universality in service delivery. These potential value conflicts are best visible in the reform of services of general interest. Despite debates at the European and the national level, current research on services of general interest has been limited

Steven Van de Walle

2006-01-01

208

Attitudes toward Euthanasia in Hong Kong--A Comparison between Physicians and the General Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the findings of a cross-sectional study that compared the attitudes of 618 respondents of a general household survey and a random sample of 1,197 physicians toward different types of euthanasia in Hong Kong. The general public was found to agree with active euthanasia and non-voluntary euthanasia and was neutral about passive…

Chong, Alice Ming-lin; Fok, Shiu-yeu

2005-01-01

209

IFLA General Conference, 1986. Libraries Serving the General Public Division. Section: School Libraries. Childrens' Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on school libraries which were presented at the 1986 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "School Libraries: Bridges or Barriers?" (Gwen Gawith, New Zealand); (2) "The Guidance on Reading and Information Skills in School Libraries--Japan's Case" (Ikuko Koyama, Japan); (3) "Present Status and…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The Hague (Netherlands).

210

Effects of Aviation Weather Information Systems on General Aviation Weather Information Systems on General Pilots' Workload.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

My work at NASA Langley has focused around Aviation Weather Information CAWING displays. The majority of my time at LYRIC has been spent on the Workload and Relative Position (WaRP) Study. The goal of this project is to determine how an AWIN display at va...

M. Scerbo J. Coyne

2002-01-01

211

The role of public health surveillance: information for effective action in public health.  

PubMed

Public health surveillance can provide the quantitative information needed for setting priorities and establishing rational health policy. Although there are many examples of the effective use of such information, the full potential for surveillance has not yet been realized. To a large degree, failure to achieve this potential has resulted from limited perspectives regarding the role and conduct of surveillance. Both practitioners (those who conduct surveillance) and users (those who apply surveillance data in a real-world setting) have fallen victim to such myopia. Public health surveillance must be advocated as an essential part of the global health agenda if we are to achieve international goals for improving health status. As we improve our appreciation of the variety of uses for public health surveillance data, we need to understand more fully the determinants of the decision-making process. Effective dissemination of information and effective communication are as important as data collection and analysis. No longer do we have--or should we have--the luxury of collecting information for its own sake. The information collected must have a demonstrated utility. Developing and training personnel to have expertise in public health surveillance will necessarily incur opportunity costs. Bridging gaps in data methodology and coverage will force us to weigh alternatives and to compromise. We hope that the International Symposium on Public Health Surveillance will accomplish several goals. First, we wish to foster international understanding of the definition, role, and importance of surveillance in reducing morbidity and mortality, in improving quality of life, and in setting effective health priorities. Second, we hope that this symposium will serve as a springboard for identifying issues and topics that can be addressed in greater depth at future international meetings. Finally, we see the symposium as an essential step in developing a firm commitment on the part of countries, donor agencies, and multilateral organizations to develop the essential capacity for public health surveillance throughout the world. Each country should have the capacity to measure and monitor changes in health status, risk factors, and health-service access and utilization among its people. All countries should have the means to detect emerging health problems and implement measures for their control, to evaluate the impact of health policies and programs, and to communicate health information in a meaningful fashion to policymakers and the public. If we are successful in these endeavors, the long-term effects on the public's health will be well worth the struggle required to achieve them.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:1344260

Wetterhall, S F; Pappaioanou, M; Thacker, S B; Eaker, E; Churchill, R E

1992-12-01

212

Combining Information Extraction Systems Using Voting and Stacked Generalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the effectiveness of voting and stacked generalization -also known as stacking- in the context of information extraction (IE). A new stacking framework is proposed that accommodates well-known approaches for IE. The key idea is to perform cross-validation on the base-level data set, which consists of text documents annotated with relevant information, in order to create a meta-level

Georgios Sigletos; Georgios Paliouras; Constantine D. Spyropoulos; Michael Hatzopoulos

2005-01-01

213

A generalization of Müller's iteration method based on standard information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For finding a root of a function f, Müler's method is a root-finding algorithm using three values of f in every step. The natural values available are values of f and values of its first number of derivatives, called standard information. Based on standard information, we construct an iteration method with maximal order of convergence. It is a natural generalization of Müller's iteration method.

Wang, Xinghua; Tang, Peipei

2008-08-01

214

Writer's Guide to Publication Development. How to Get Your Publication into an Information Retrieval System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is a set of guidelines to assist authors in preparing publications to meet two sets of criteria: requirements of federal and state government sponsors and requirements of information retrieval systems. The guidelines include both a set of written instructions and a physical model, and are sufficiently flexible to apply to research…

Jezierski, Kathleen

215

Scientific Coolections: Informational - Navigational Portal for Scientific Publications Access.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present there is the tendency of uniting efforts of scientific establishments and libraries for using information - communication medium with the purpose of information support of research and pedagogical activity in Moldova. The efficient access to the scientific and technical literature and, first of all, to the new publications, is necessary practically for all scientists and experts irrespective of a field of knowledge, in which they work. Research institutions, knowing how to receive access to the electron information and to use it intellectually, realize that it effects positively the quality and outcomes of the research process. It is obvious, that to ensure maximum utilization of the new information stream by habitual methods is impossible. New non-traditional approaches are necessary for the increase of the level of information provision of scientists and experts. Creation of electron libraries, realizing qualitatively other level of production, storage, organization and distribution of various information is the most effective way to gin this object. The access to the electron versions of scientific journals allows to reduce the acuteness of shortage of scientific literature, the electron information becomes accessible before the publication of paper version of a journal, and taking into account the delivery time of foreign issues into Moldova, this outstripping can reach several months.

Bogatencov, Petru; Kozlenco, Ludmila; Ginculova, Silvia; Keradi, Natalia

216

IFLA General Conference, 1984. General Research Libraries Division. Section on Parliamentary Libraries; Section on Public Libraries; Section on University and Other General Research Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on government libraries, public libraries, and research libraries presented at the 1984 IFLA general conference include: (1) "Library Services for Research" (Maria S. Pla de Menendez, Colombia); (2) "Interlibrary Loans, Present and Future: A Consideration for Academic Library Management" (Geoffrey G. Allen, Australia); (3) "The…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

217

Adverse drug reactions reporting : Knowledge and opinion of general public in Penang, Malaysia  

PubMed Central

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the knowledge of the general population towards ADR and their reporting system. Methods: An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire (15 items) was designed. The questionnaire was subjected to face validity and content validity. The reliability coefficient was found to be 0.71. This study recruited proportionately large convenience sample of the general public in Penang. Interviews using a structured questionnaire were conducted over a week period in August 2009. The recommended sample size was calculated to be 368. Results: Three hundred thirty-four responses were received. Slightly more than half of the respondents were in the age group of 18-25 years (53.6%; n = 179). When asked about the sources of their medication majority of them reported medical doctor (85.6%), whereas small number (34.7%) reported community pharmacists as sources of medications. Three-quarter of the respondents (77.2%) get their information about the side-effects of drugs from physicians, followed by pharmacist (44.6%). More than half of the respondents (65.6%, n = 219) reported unawareness about the existence of ADR center set up by the Ministry of Health. Conclusion: Respondents reflected inadequate knowledge on ADR reporting. This needs to be corrected as the trend of future pharmacovigilance is toward the patient. Moreover, the new trend seems to be more appropriate as the patient is the group of the people who are directly affected from the ADR of a particular drug and not the health-care providers. Furthermore, the patient will be informed about the economic implications of not reporting ADR. It is recommended that government agencies, like MADRAC needs to find ways to increase patient- reported ADR cases.

Elkalmi, Ramadan; Hassali, Mohamed Azmi; Al-lela, Omar Qutaiba; Jawad Awadh, Ammar Ihsan; Al-Shami, Abdul Kareem; Jamshed, Shazia Qasim

2013-01-01

218

Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

California Department of Health Services, Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications, Occupational Health Branch (OHB). HESIS offers California workers, employers, and health professionals up-to-date practical answers to questions about the health effects of workplace hazards. HESIS publications are available free of charge in limited quantities and may be reproduced for free distribution. You can read or download most of them here, You can read or download most of them here, or order printed copies by calling (866) 627-1586 or using the form on the webpage.

2008-01-30

219

Public Transport Information System for Visually Impaired and Blind People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an assistive system for the visually impaired and blind people which helps them using public transport means. The proposed system uses mobile phones as a medium for passenger information system and GPS (Global Positioning System), GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) and Bluetooth technologies for location and communication purposes. In the proposed system sound messages are given to the blind people via mobile phones which have dedicated software installed. This system has been implemented and tested in public transport in two pilot cities.

Markiewicz, Micha?; Skomorowski, Marek

220

A General Mathematical Model for Information Retrieval Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a mathematical model of an information retrieval system thought to be general enough to serve as an abstract representation of most document and reference retrieval systems. The model is made up of four components that, in one form or another, appear in every functioning system. (Author)

Bookstein, Abraham; Cooper, William

1976-01-01

221

Strengthening Connections Between Information Literacy, General Education, and Assessment Efforts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic librarians have a long and rich tradition of collaborating with discipline-based faculty members to advance the mission and goals of the library. Included in this tradition is the area of information literacy, a foundation skill for academic success and a key component of independent, lifelong learning. With the rise of the general education reform movement on many campuses resurfacing

Ilene F. Rockman

2002-01-01

222

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns...Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a) Tax exempt organizations...public inspection any information which is submitted...application for tax exemption is...

2013-04-01

223

Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nitrogen and Phosphorus Knowledge Web page is offered by Iowa State University Extension and the College of Agriculture. The publications page contains links to various newsletters, articles, publications, power point presentations, links to governmental publications, and more. For example, visitors will find articles written on phosphorous within the Integrated Crop Management Newsletter, power point presentations on Nitrogen Management and Carbon Sequestration, and links to other Iowa State University publications on various subjects such as nutrient management. Other links on the home page of the site contain soil temperature data, research highlights, and other similarly relevant information for those in similar fields.

1969-12-31

224

Hanford Facility dangerous waste permit application, general information. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The current Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, number DOE/RL-91-28) and a treatment, storage, and/or disposal Unit-Specific Portion, which includes documentation for individual TSD units (e.g., document numbers DOE/RL-89-03 and DOE/RL-90-01). Both portions consist of a Part A division and a Part B division. The Part B division consists of 15 chapters that address the content of the Part B checklists prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1987) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information requirements mandated by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology checklist section numbers, in brackets, follow the chapter headings and subheadings. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion (i.e., this document, number DOE/RL-91-28) is broader in nature and applies to all treatment, storage, and/or disposal units for which final status is sought. Because of its broad nature, the Part A division of the General Information Portion references the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Part A Permit Application (document number DOE/RL-88-21), a compilation of all Part A documentation for the Hanford Facility.

Not Available

1993-05-01

225

A decentralized and informationally efficient mechanism realizing fair outcomes in economies with public goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a decentralized mechanism (called Lindahl Egalitarian), which yields Pareto efficient and envy free allocations\\u000a (i.e. fair outcomes). We show that the mechanism is informationally efficient in general production economies with an arbitrary,\\u000a but finite, number of private and public goods, and a finite number of agents. The mechanism reduces to the Walrasian mechanism\\u000a starting from equal wealth when

Jose Aizpurua; Antonio Manresa

1994-01-01

226

Sharing MedlinePlus®/MEDLINE® for information literacy education (SMILE): a dental public health information project.  

PubMed

The SMILE project represented a partnership among the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Libraries, the Gateway Clinic in Laredo, and the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District. The project focused on improving dental practitioners' access to reliable information resources and integrating the best evidence into public health dental practice. Through its training program, SMILE cultivated a set of "power information users" among the dentists, dental hygienists, and community health workers (promotores) who provided public health preventive care and oral health education. The dental public health practitioners gained information literacy skills and increased their knowledge about reliable sites such as blogs, PubMed®, and MedlinePlus®. This project fostered opportunities for expanded partnerships with public health personnel. PMID:22040242

Gaines, Julie K; Levy, Linda S; Cogdill, Keith W

2011-01-01

227

Education Partnerships: Museums as Mediators Between Science, Educators and the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Exploratorium, a museum of science, art and human perception in San Francisco, has been partnering with polar scientists to bring their work to the general public, students and teachers before and during the International Polar Year, 2007-9. Last year, Exploratorium producers connected with scientists on the ANDRILL sediment coring project out of McMurdo, Antarctica in a series of live programs and web postings that were broadcast on the museum floor and on the Internet. This work builds on an NSF-funded project in 2001 that brought four museum educators to Antarctica on a six-week Web expedition and will continue over the next two field seasons in Antarctica and the Arctic field season in summer 2008. Over the next 18 months, the Exploratorium's "Ice Stories" will partner museum media and web producers with polar scientists working in the field to bring their research to the Internet and museum audience via live Webcasts, video clips, blogs, podcasts, and other media platforms. The museum will curate polar field reports from scientists and educators into a continuously updated Web portal on the Exploratorium's award-winning Website and highlight the ongoing research in museum programming, floor demonstrations, and exhibits. There is excellent potential for these partnerships between formal and informal science to be expanded by creating additional links with formal educators in classroom and out-of-classroom settings.

Miller, M. K.

2007-12-01

228

The Damned Information; Acquiring and Using Public Information to Force Social Change.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, new and powerful legal tools have been forged to get information on social problems into the hands of the public. Yet many people who would put the information to work know little or nothing about the tools for getting it. This book attem...

J. W. Hobson

1971-01-01

229

Genetic research and donation of tissue samples to biobanks. What do potential sample donors in the Swedish general public think?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The aim of this study was to identify perceptions of the general public regarding research involving human tissues; to assess the public's willingness to donate samples to biobanks; and to identify factors associated with the willingness to donate samples. Methods: Cross-sectional survey. Postal ques- tionnaires to a random sample of the general public in Sweden, 18-80 years of age

Asa Kettis-Lindblad; Lena Ring; Eva Viberth; Mats G. Hansson

2006-01-01

230

ON THE FOUNDATIONS OF GIT (GENERAL INFORMATION THEORY)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information theory as originally developed by Hartley, Shannon, and Wiener for the two-variable “Sender-Receiver” case, and further extended by McGill and Ashby, is believed to be a specific instance of a more general and abstract theory. This paper discusses possible foundations of such a theory starting from a “micro-approach” based on the primitive notions of variety and constraint also due

G. BROEKSTRA

1980-01-01

231

Measurement interpretation and information measures in general probabilistic theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The incompatibility of dynamics postulate (unitary evolution) and the measurement postulate (wave-packet collapse) of quantum mechanics has recently been solved by Zurek from an information transfer perspective. Luo gave his derivation by relaxing the repeatability postulate. In this paper, we reconsider Luo's derivation in the setting of general probabilistic theory (GPT). We also introduce the concept of sub- and super-fidelity in GPT and discuss their properties.

Wu, Zhaoqi; Zhu, Chuanxi; Zhang, Xiaozhi

2013-03-01

232

77 FR 66466 - General Services Administration Regulation; Information Collection; Packing List Clause  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulation; Information Collection; Packing List Clause AGENCY: Office of Acquisition...information collection requirement regarding the packing list clause. Public comments are particularly...Collection [[Page 66467

2012-11-05

233

Attitudes Toward Strategies to Increase Organ Donation: Views of the General Public and Health Professionals  

PubMed Central

Summary Background and objective The acceptability of financial incentives for organ donation is contentious. This study sought to determine (1) the acceptability of expense reimbursement or financial incentives by the general public, health professionals involved with organ donation and transplantation, and those with or affected by kidney disease and (2) for the public, whether financial incentives would alter their willingness to consider donation. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Web-based survey administered to members of the Canadian public, health professionals, and people with or affected by kidney disease asking questions regarding acceptability of strategies to increase living and deceased kidney donation and willingness to donate a kidney under various financial incentives. Results Responses were collected from 2004 members of the Canadian public October 11–18, 2011; responses from health professionals (n=339) and people with or affected by kidney disease (n=268) were collected during a 4-week period commencing October 11, 2011. Acceptability of one or more financial incentives to increase deceased and living donation was noted in >70% and 40% of all groups, respectively. Support for monetary payment for living donors was 45%, 14%, and 27% for the public, health professionals, and people with or affected by kidney disease, respectively. Overall, reimbursement of funeral expenses for deceased donors and a tax break for living donors were the most acceptable. Conclusion The general public views regulated financial incentives for living and deceased donation to be acceptable. Future research needs to examine the impact of financial incentives on rates of deceased and living donors.

Klarenbach, Scott; Gill, John S.; Caulfield, Tim; Manns, Braden

2012-01-01

234

Operation of a joint public information center remote from site and EOF locations  

SciTech Connect

In planning and designing emergency facilities, cost must be balanced against desired performance and likelihood of need. This balance is difficult to achieve for emergency facilities whose capabilities are not clearly defined in US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations and regulatory guidance. In the case of a joint public information enter (JPIC), for example, a wide range of solutions may meet NRC requirements, ranging from custom-built, extensively equipped facilities to converted garages. As a matter of corporate policy, Illinois Power (IP) Company has fully supported the objective of complete, accurate, and timely notification and information of the public in the event of an emergency at its Clinton Power Station. It was important to establish this policy explicitly before any decisions were made relative to personnel, facilities, or equipment. An additional objective was to accomplish this using facilities completely under the control of the utility. The performance of the Clinton JPIC and of the emergency public information organization in general has received praise from exercise evaluators. Significant logistical problems associated with operating a JPIC remotely from the site and the EOF have been minimized at reasonable cost. Most importantly, IP personnel responsible for emergency public information have high confidence that the system will work for a real emergency as well as it does for exercises.

Adams, A.

1987-01-01

235

Increasing violence in Australian general practice is a public health issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

Violence is a serious public health issue and the medical profession has a role to play in tackling this issue. • Occupational violence is a significant problem in Australian general practice. • Doctors need training to recognise and manage patients at risk of becoming perpetrators or victims of violent behaviour, both to protect themselves and to reduce violence in the

Leanne Rowe; Michael R Kidd

236

General Legislation Dealing With the Organization, Management and Financial Support of Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good library legislation for public libraries is broad and general, flexible, permissive, specific in the authority for tax support but not with limitations, clear, conceise and stable. Library laws of Hawaii, California and Illinois can serve as models for the other states. (NH)

Smith, Hannis S.

1970-01-01

237

Food allergy knowledge, attitudes and beliefs: Focus groups of parents, physicians and the general public  

PubMed Central

Background Food allergy prevalence is increasing in US children. Presently, the primary means of preventing potentially fatal reactions are avoidance of allergens, prompt recognition of food allergy reactions, and knowledge about food allergy reaction treatments. Focus groups were held as a preliminary step in the development of validated survey instruments to assess food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of parents, physicians, and the general public. Methods Eight focus groups were conducted between January and July of 2006 in the Chicago area with parents of children with food allergy (3 groups), physicians (3 groups), and the general public (2 groups). A constant comparative method was used to identify the emerging themes which were then grouped into key domains of food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs. Results Parents of children with food allergy had solid fundamental knowledge but had concerns about primary care physicians' knowledge of food allergy, diagnostic approaches, and treatment practices. The considerable impact of children's food allergies on familial quality of life was articulated. Physicians had good basic knowledge of food allergy but differed in their approach to diagnosis and advice about starting solids and breastfeeding. The general public had wide variation in knowledge about food allergy with many misconceptions of key concepts related to prevalence, definition, and triggers of food allergy. Conclusion Appreciable food allergy knowledge gaps exist, especially among physicians and the general public. The quality of life for children with food allergy and their families is significantly affected.

Gupta, Ruchi S; Kim, Jennifer S; Barnathan, Julia A; Amsden, Laura B; Tummala, Lakshmi S; Holl, Jane L

2008-01-01

238

Growth, Welfare, and Public Infrastructure: A General Equilibrium Analysis of Latin American Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical studies have found infrastructure investment important for a country¡¯s economic performance, but have not provided clear guidelines for infrastructure policy or its effects on other macroeconomic variables. This paper develops a general equilibrium model of a small open economy to study the effects of public infrastructure on output, private investment and welfare. The model is parameterized and solved for

Felix K. Rioja

2001-01-01

239

Engaging the faith community for public health advocacy: an agenda for the Surgeon General.  

PubMed

This article proposes an agenda for the Surgeon General of the United States that is consonant with the traditional public health approach of "upstream" and "midstream" intervention addressing social and institutional determinants of health. Accordingly, this features a prominent role for expanded partnerships between the faith-based and public health sectors. Such an agenda would revise the current status quo for the Surgeon General, whose celebrated bully pulpit is currently focused more on encouraging "downstream" compliance with federal guidelines related to lifestyle behavior modification. A new faith-based agenda, by contrast, could more effectively advocate for core features of the traditional public health ethic, including primary prevention, the multiple determinants of population health, communitarianism and social justice, and a global perspective, supported by the historic prophetic role of the faith traditions. PMID:23519766

Levin, Jeff

2013-06-01

240

Informing the public on space sciences in Hungary  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With an experience of almost 50 years in the dissemination of information to the Hungarian public on space related results and events the author summarizes some personal conclusions concerning the most effective methods and most frequent difficulties of this kind of activity. A special emphasis is laid on the requirement to use the language of the country (in our case Hungarian) to facilitate public understanding - how to find proper Hungarian expressions to frequently used scientific and space terms. A reference is made to the 16 language Multilingual Space Dictionary of the International Academy of Sciences (the author is guest editor of the Dictionary) distributed free of charge on the previous World Space Congress. Another important factor is the role of non-governmental societies in the teaching of space science to the public; some initiatives of the Hungarian Astronautical Society are reviewed which proved to be successful in the last four decades. Finally the recent problems and opportunities for outreach programs appearing with the wide-spread public use of the Internet are discussed.

Almar, I.

241

Public-key encryption based on generalized synchronization of coupled map lattices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently used public-key cryptosystems are based on difficulties in solving certain numeric theoretic problems, in which the way to predict the private key from the knowledge of the public key is computationally infeasible. Here we propose a method of constructing public-key cryptosystems by generalized synchronization of coupled map lattices, in which the difficulty in predicting the synchronous function is used as the trap-door function to deduce the private key from the public key. In specific, we implement this idea on the method of ``Merkle's puzzles,'' and find that, incorporated with the chaotic dynamics, this traditional method is equipped with some new features and can be practical in certain situations.

Wang, Xingang; Gong, Xiaofeng; Zhan, Meng; Lai, Choy Heng

2005-06-01

242

Public-key encryption based on generalized synchronization of coupled map lattices.  

PubMed

Currently used public-key cryptosystems are based on difficulties in solving certain numeric theoretic problems, in which the way to predict the private key from the knowledge of the public key is computationally infeasible. Here we propose a method of constructing public-key cryptosystems by generalized synchronization of coupled map lattices, in which the difficulty in predicting the synchronous function is used as the trap-door function to deduce the private key from the public key. In specific, we implement this idea on the method of "Merkle's puzzles," and find that, incorporated with the chaotic dynamics, this traditional method is equipped with some new features and can be practical in certain situations. PMID:16035885

Wang, Xingang; Gong, Xiaofeng; Zhan, Meng; Lai, Choy Heng

2005-06-01

243

77 FR 35683 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Public Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; Public Health Service Guideline on Infectious...of information contained in the Public Health Service (PHS) guideline entitled...guideline is intended to address public health issues raised by...

2012-06-14

244

76 FR 25695 - Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Messaging Guide for Syndromic Surveillance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. CDC-2011-0004] Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Messaging...comments to the following address: Public Health Informatics and Technology Program...for a representative from the Public Health Informatics and Technology...

2011-05-05

245

36 CFR 228.6 - Availability of information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for examination by the public at the Office of the...will not be available for public examination. Information and data to be withheld from public examination may include...deposits and their location, attitude, extent, outcrops,...

2010-07-01

246

36 CFR 228.6 - Availability of information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for examination by the public at the Office of the...will not be available for public examination. Information and data to be withheld from public examination may include...deposits and their location, attitude, extent, outcrops,...

2009-07-01

247

38 CFR 26.9 - Information on and public participation in VA environmental process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Information on and public participation in VA environmental process. 26.9 Section 26.9...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS...Information on and public participation in VA environmental process. (a) During the...

2013-07-01

248

General public knowledge, perceptions and practice towards pharmaceutical drug advertisements in the Western region of KSA  

PubMed Central

This study aims to examine general public knowledge and behavior toward pharmaceutical advertisements in the Western part of KSA. A cross sectional convenience sampling technique was used in this study. A total of 1445 valid questionnaires were received and analyzed using SPSS version 16 at alpha value of 0.05. Majority of respondents were aware of different types of drugs to be advertised and drug advertisements should seek approval from the health authorities. Television and Internet showed the highest effect on consumers. Almost half of the participants preferred an advertised drug over non-advertised one. Most of the respondents indicated that the quality of frequently advertised drugs is not better than those prescribed by the doctors. Majority of participants had positive beliefs toward advertised drugs concerning their role in education and spreading of awareness among the public. Pharmaceutical advertisements harm the doctor–patient relationship as evidenced by one-third of the investigated sample. Moreover, majority of the participants mentioned that they would consult another doctor or even change the current doctor if he/she refused to prescribe an advertised medication. Results of this study could be used to develop awareness programs for the general public and try to enforce the regulations and policies to protect the general public and patients from the business oriented pharmaceutical companies and drug suppliers.

Al-Haddad, Mahmoud S.; Hamam, Fayez; AL-Shakhshir, Sami M.

2013-01-01

249

Public attitudes regarding the use of electronic health information and residual clinical tissues for research.  

PubMed

Use of electronic medical records (EMR) and residual clinical biospecimens have become important for the conduct of biomedical research. Currently, human subjects' protection regulations permit much of this research to be conducted without individual informed consent, posing a risk to biomedical research from public objection. We sought to understand public attitudes regarding access to EMRs and residual clinical biospecimens. This article reports the results of 12 focus groups with 131 participants conducted in Utah, Washington, Arizona, and Minnesota. Results indicate strong support for biomedical and genetic research in general and clear support for improved patient education regarding research access to individual data and biospecimens. Our participants were supportive of an opt-out approach to patient decision-making regarding research access to clinical data and biospecimens for research in general. PMID:24307509

Botkin, Jeffrey R; Rothwell, Erin; Anderson, Rebecca; Stark, Louisa A; Mitchell, Joyce

2014-07-01

250

A qualitative exploration of the perceptions and information needs of public health inspectors responsible for food safety  

PubMed Central

Background In Ontario, local public health inspectors play an important frontline role in protecting the public from foodborne illness. This study was an in-depth exploration of public health inspectors' perceptions of the key food safety issues in public health, and their opinions and needs with regards to food safety information resources. Methods Four focus group discussions were conducted with public health inspectors from the Central West region of Ontario, Canada during June and July, 2008. A questioning route was used to standardize qualitative data collection. Audio recordings of sessions were transcribed verbatim and data-driven content analysis was performed. Results A total of 23 public health inspectors participated in four focus group discussions. Five themes emerged as key food safety issues: time-temperature abuse, inadequate handwashing, cross-contamination, the lack of food safety knowledge by food handlers and food premise operators, and the lack of food safety information and knowledge about specialty foods (i.e., foods from different cultures). In general, participants reported confidence with their current knowledge of food safety issues and foodborne pathogens. Participants highlighted the need for a central source for food safety information, access to up-to-date food safety information, resources in different languages, and additional food safety information on specialty foods. Conclusions The information gathered from these focus groups can provide a basis for the development of resources that will meet the specific needs of public health inspectors involved in protecting and promoting food safety.

2010-01-01

251

76 FR 68518 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research...access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that result from federally funded scientific...Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications. Release Date: November 3,...

2011-11-04

252

76 FR 80418 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research...access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that result from federally funded scientific...Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications. Release Date: November 3,...

2011-12-23

253

Exploring the Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Communication Preferences of the General Public regarding HPV: Findings from CDC Focus Group Research and Implications for Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United States, causing genital warts, cervical cell abnormalities, and cervical cancer in women. To inform HPV education efforts, 35 focus groups were conducted with members of the general public, stratified by gender, race/ethnicity, and urban/rural…

Friedman, Allison L.; Shepeard, Hilda

2007-01-01

254

30 CFR 250.243 - What general information must accompany the DPP or DOCD?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What general information must accompany the DPP or DOCD? 250.243 Section 250.243...Contents of Development and Production Plans (dpp) and Development Operations Coordination...What general information must accompany the DPP or DOCD? The following general...

2009-07-01

255

Incidence of Online Health Information Search: A Useful Proxy for Public Health Risk Perception  

PubMed Central

Background Internet users use search engines to look for information online, including health information. Researchers in medical informatics have found a high correlation of the occurrence of certain search queries and the incidence of certain diseases. Consumers’ search for information about diseases is related to current health status with regard to a disease and to the social environments that shape the public’s attitudes and behaviors. Objective This study aimed to investigate the extent to which public health risk perception as demonstrated by online information searches related to a health risk can be explained by the incidence of the health risk and social components of a specific population’s environment. Using an ecological perspective, we suggest that a population’s general concern for a health risk is formed by the incidence of the risk and social (eg, media attention) factors related with the risk. Methods We constructed a dataset that included state-level data from 32 states on the incidence of the flu; a number of social factors, such as media attention to the flu; private resources, such as education and health insurance coverage; public resources, such as hospital beds and primary physicians; and utilization of these resources, including inpatient days and outpatient visits. We then explored whether online information searches about the flu (seasonal and pandemic flu) can be predicted using these variables. We used factor analysis to construct indexes for sets of social factors (private resources, public resources). We then applied panel data multiple regression analysis to exploit both time-series and cross-sectional variation in the data over a 7-year period. Results Overall, the results provide evidence that the main effects of independent variables—the incidence of the flu (P<.001); social factors, including media attention (P<.001); private resources, including life quality (P<.001) and health lifestyles (P=.009); and public resources, such as hospital care utilization (P=.008) and public health funds (P=.02)—have significant effects on Web searches for queries related to the flu. After controlling for the number of reported disease cases and Internet access rate by state, we estimate the contribution of social factors to the public health risk perception levels by state (R2=23.37%). The interaction effects between flu incidence and social factors for our search terms did not add to the explanatory power of our regression models (R2<1%). Conclusions Our study suggests a practical way to measure the public’s health risk perception for certain diseases using online information search volume by state. The social environment influences public risk perception regardless of disease incidence. Thus, monitoring the social variables can be very helpful in being ready to respond to the public’s behavior in dealing with public health threats.

Scammon, Debra L

2013-01-01

256

32 CFR 1803.3 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Contact for general information and requests. For general information on this part or to request a declassification review, please direct your communication to the Information and Privacy Coordinator, National Counterintelligence Center, 3W01 NHB,...

2013-07-01

257

Benchmarking information needs and use in the Tennessee public health community*  

PubMed Central

Objective: The objective is to provide insight to understanding public health officials' needs and promote access to data repositories and communication tools. Methods: Survey questions were identified by a focus group with members drawn from the fields of librarianship, public health, and informatics. The resulting comprehensive information needs survey, organized in five distinct broad categories, was distributed to 775 Tennessee public health workers from ninety-five counties in 1999 as part of the National Library of Medicine–funded Partners in Information Access contract. Results: The assessment pooled responses from 571 public health workers (73% return rate) representing seventy-two of ninety-five counties (53.4% urban and 46.6% rural) about their information-seeking behaviors, frequency of resources used, computer skills, and level of Internet access. Sixty-four percent of urban and 43% of rural respondents had email access at work and more than 50% of both urban and rural respondents had email at home (N = 289). Approximately 70% of urban and 78% of rural public health officials never or seldom used or needed the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Website. Frequency data pooled from eleven job categories representing a subgroup of 232 health care professionals showed 72% never or seldom used or needed MEDLINE. Electronic resources used daily or weekly were email, Internet search engines, internal databases and mailing lists, and the Tennessee Department of Health Website. Conclusions: While, due to the small sample size, data cannot be generalized to the larger population, a clear trend of significant barriers to computer and Internet access can be identified across the public health community. This contributes to an overall limited use of existing electronic resources that inhibits evidence-based practice.

Lee, Patricia; Giuse, Nunzia B.; Sathe, Nila A.

2003-01-01

258

Psychotherapy as a treatment modality for psychiatric disorders: Perceptions of general public of Karachi, Pakistan  

PubMed Central

Background Psychiatric disorders affect about 450 million individuals worldwide. A number of treatment modalities such as psychotropic medications, psychotherapy and electroconvulsive therapy can be used to treat these disorders. Attitudes of general public play a pivotal role in effective utilization of mental health services. We explored the perceptions of general public of Karachi, Pakistan regarding psychotherapy. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Karachi, Pakistan during July-August, 2008. A three-step sampling strategy and a structured questionnaire were employed to survey knowledge and perceptions of adult general public about psychotherapy. Descriptive statistics were used for baseline characteristics. Logistic regression models were used to investigate any significant associations between baseline characteristics of the participants and their perceptions. Results The study sample comprised of 985 individuals (536 males; 531 financially independent) with an average age of 36.7 years (SD 13.54 years) and 12.5 years (SD 3.09 years) of education were included. Majority (59.4%; n = 585) claimed to be aware of psychotherapy as a treatment option for psychiatric disorders but 47.5% of these (n = 278/585) failed to identify its correct definition. Concerns voiced by the participants about psychotherapy included stigma (48.7%) and breech in confidentiality (39.5%); 60.7% opined it cost effective and 86.5% favored its use as an adjuvant modality. A preference for psychotherapy as the treatment strategy for psychiatric disorders was demonstrated by 46.6% (n = 459/985). Younger, more educated, financially independent and female participants were more likely to prefer psychotherapy as were those who deemed it cost effective. Conclusion Positive attitudes regarding the acceptability, clinical utility and cost-effectiveness of psychotherapy were observed in a sample representative of general public of Karachi, Pakistan. These findings highlight its potential utility for devising pragmatic mental health strategies in the face of limited resources.

Zafar, Abdul Mueed; Jawaid, Ali; Ashraf, Hiba; Fatima, Ambreena; Anjum, Rubina; Qureshi, Salah U

2009-01-01

259

Differing mental health practice among general practitioners, private psychiatrists and public psychiatrists  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Providing care for mental health problems concerns General Practitioners (GPs), Private Psychiatrists (PrPs) and Public Psychiatrists (PuPs). As patient distribution and patterns of practice among these professionals are not well known, a survey was planned prior to a re-organisation of mental health services in an area close to Paris METHODS: All GPs (n = 492), PrPs (n = 82)

N Younès; MC Hardy-Bayle; B Falissard; V Kovess; MP Chaillet; I Gasquet

2005-01-01

260

Attitudes of the Japanese public and doctors towards use of archived information and samples without informed consent: Preliminary findings based on focus group interviews  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this study is to explore laypersons' attitudes toward the use of archived (existing) materials such as medical records and biological samples and to compare them with the attitudes of physicians who are involved in medical research. Methods Three focus group interviews were conducted, in which seven Japanese male members of the general public, seven female members of the general public and seven physicians participated. Results It was revealed that the lay public expressed diverse attitudes towards the use of archived information and samples without informed consent. Protecting a subject's privacy, maintaining confidentiality, and communicating the outcomes of studies to research subjects were regarded as essential preconditions if researchers were to have access to archived information and samples used for research without the specific informed consent of the subjects who provided the material. Although participating physicians thought that some kind of prior permission from subjects was desirable, they pointed out the difficulties involved in obtaining individual informed consent in each case. Conclusions The present preliminary study indicates that the lay public and medical professionals may have different attitudes towards the use of archived information and samples without specific informed consent. This hypothesis, however, is derived from our focus groups interviews, and requires validation through research using a larger sample.

Asai, Atsushi; Ohnishi, Motoki; Nishigaki, Etsuyo; Sekimoto, Miho; Fukuhara, Shunichi; Fukui, Tsuguya

2002-01-01

261

Teaching public health to medical students in the United Kingdom - are the General Medical Council's recommendations being implemented?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Despite frequent calls to improve under- graduate medical public health teaching, little is known about whether curricula have changed. We report a survey of undergraduate public health teaching in UK medical schools in 1996. The survey aimed to assess whether the General Medical Council's 1993 recommendations to strengthen undergraduate medical education in public health have been implemented. Methods We

Richard Edwards; Martin White; David Chappel; Jackie Gray

1999-01-01

262

Information and Communication Technology and Public Innovation: Assessing the ICT-driven Modernization of Public Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modernization of public administration is a recurring theme on the political and public agenda in many countries. Modernization presupposes innovation. However, is an innovative public administration a contradiction in terminis? If we look at the practice of public administration, and evaluate -from an evolutionary perspective – how public administration has transformed itself during the last 40 years, we actually

V. J. J. M. Bekkers; Duivenboden van H; M. Thaens

2006-01-01

263

Design Principles in the Development of (Public) Health Information Infrastructures  

PubMed Central

In this article the author outlines the key issues in the development of a regional health information infrastructure suitable for public health data collections. A set of 10 basic design and development principles as used and validated in the development of the successful New Zealand National Health Information Infrastructure in 1993 are put forward as a basis for future developments. The article emphasises the importance of securing clinical input into any health data that is collected, and suggests strategies whereby this may be achieved, including creating an information economy alongside the care economy. It is suggested that the role of government in such developments is to demonstrate leadership, to work with the sector to develop data, messaging and security standards, to establish key online indexes, to develop data warehouses and to create financial incentives for adoption of the infrastructure and the services it delivers to users. However experience suggests that government should refrain from getting involved in local care services data infrastructure, technology and management issues.

Neame, Roderick

2012-01-01

264

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Waste Information System (Public Access)  

DOE Data Explorer

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is a DOE facility located in the desert outside Carlsbad, New Mexico. Its mission is to safely dispose of defense-related transuranic radioactive waste. Disposal ôroomsö are carved out of the Permian Salt Formation deep below the desertÆs surface. The WIPP Waste Information Service (WWIS) was established in accordance with an Agreement between the United States Department of Energy and the New Mexico Environment Department, dated February 11, 2005, Docket Number HWB 04-07 (CO). The service provides information the containers emplaced at WIPP and the waste products they hold. The public may query by shipment number, location of waste stream or location of the container after it is placed at WIPP, date placed, and Haz Codes or other information about the waste stream profiles. For example, choosing the waste stream identified as ID-SDA-SLUDGE reveals that it may contain more than 20 chemical waste products, including arsenic, spent halogenated solvents, potassium cyanide, and chloroform. The system then tells you each numbered container that has this kind of sludge. Container data is available within 14 days after the containerÆs emplacement in the WIPP Repository.

265

Perspectives on Obesity and Its Treatment: Health Care Providers and the General Public in Rural West Virginia and Urban Baltimore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine and compare the perspectives of the general public and health care providers (HCPs) on obesity and its treatment in rural West Virginia (WV) and Baltimore, MD. Method: Surveys were completed in both locations by the general public (WV: "n" = 200; Baltimore: "n" = 171) and HCPs (WV: "n" = 25;…

Menez, Steven; Cheskin, Lawrence; Geller, Gail

2013-01-01

266

The use of information systems in the Greek public financial services: The case of TAXIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most important transactions between government and citizens is taxation. The modernization efforts of the public sector using information and communication technology (?CT) have led to the application of large information systems. TAXIS (TAX Information System) is a major information system in the Greek public financial sector. It supports the Inland Revenue Services' employees to serve the citizens

Marianthi H. Terpsiadou; Anastasios A. Economides

2009-01-01

267

A power information user (PIU) model to promote information integration in Tennessee's public health community*  

PubMed Central

Observation and immersion in the user community are critical factors in designing and implementing informatics solutions; such practices ensure relevant interventions and promote user acceptance. Libraries can adapt these strategies to developing instruction and outreach. While needs assessment is typically a core facet of library instruction, sustained, iterative assessment underlying the development of user-centered instruction is key to integrating resource use into the workflow. This paper describes the Eskind Biomedical Library's (EBL's) recent work with the Tennessee public health community to articulate a training model centered around developing power information users (PIUs). PIUs are community-based individuals with an advanced understanding of information seeking and resource use and are committed to championing information integration. As model development was informed by observation of PIU workflow and information needs, it also allowed for informal testing of the applicability of assessment via domain immersion in library outreach. Though the number of PIUs involved in the project was small, evaluation indicated that the model was useful for promoting information use in PIU workgroups and that the concept of domain immersion was relevant to library-related projects. Moreover, EBL continues to employ principles of domain understanding inherent in the PIU model to develop further interventions for the public health community and library users.

Sathe, Nila A.; Lee, Patricia; Giuse, Nunzia Bettinsoli

2004-01-01

268

Attitudes to biotechnology: estimating the opinions of a better-informed public.  

PubMed

Public familiarity with basic scientific concepts and principles has been proposed as essential for effective democratic decision-making (Miller, 1998). Empirical research, however, finds that public 'scientific literacy' is generally low, falling well short of what normative criteria would consider 'acceptable.' This has prompted calls to better engage, educate and inform the public on scientific matters, with the additional, usually implicit assumption that a knowledgeable citizenry should express more supportive and favourable attitudes toward science. Research investigating the notion that 'to know science is to love it' has provided only weak empirical support and has itself been criticised for representing science and technology as a unified and homogenous entity. In practice, it is argued, how knowledge impacts on the favourability of attitudes will depend on a multiplicity of actors, not the least of which is the particular area of science in question and the technologies to which it gives rise (Evans & Durant, 1992). This article uses a new method for examining the knowledge-attitude nexus on a prominent area of 21st century science--biotechnology. The idea that greater scientific knowledge can engender change in the favourability of attitudes toward specific areas of science is investigated using data from the 2000 British Social Attitudes Survey and the 1999 Wellcome Consultative Panel on Gene Therapy. Together the surveys measure public opinion on particular applications of genetic technologies, including gene therapy and the use of genetic data, as well as more general attitudes towards genetic research. We focus our analysis on how two different measures of knowledge impact on these attitudes; one a more general measure of scientific knowledge, the other relating specifically to knowledge of modern genetic science. We investigate what impact these knowledge domains have on attitudes toward biotechnology using a regression-based modelling technique (Bartels, 1996; Althaus, 1998; Sturgis, 2003). Controlling for a range of socio-demographic characteristics, we provide estimates of what collective and individual opinion would look like if everyone were as knowledgeable as the currently best-informed members of the general public on the knowledge domains in question. Our findings demonstrate that scientific knowledge does appear to have an important role in determining individual and group attitudes to genetic science. However, we find no support for a simple 'deficit model' of public understanding, as the nature of the relationship itself depends on the application of biotechnology in question and the social location of the individual. PMID:16552916

Sturgis, Patrick; Cooper, Helen; Fife-Schaw, Chris

2005-04-01

269

47 CFR 0.443 - General information office.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

The Press and News Media Division is located at 1919 M Street NW., Washington, D.C. Here the public may obtain copies of public notices of Commission actions, formal documents adopted by the Commission and other public releases as they are...

1996-10-01

270

Geographic information systems in public health and medicine.  

PubMed

Geographic information systems (GIS) are increasingly being used in public health and medicine. Advances in computer technology, the encouragement of its use by the federal government, and the wide availability of academic and commercial courses on GIS are responsible for its growth. Some view GIS as only a tool for spatial research and policy analysis, while others believe it is part of a larger emerging new science including geography, cartography, geodesy, and remote sensing. The specific advantages and problems of GIS are discussed. The greatest potential of GIS is its ability to clearly show the results of complex analyses through maps. Problems in using GIS include its costs, the need to adequately train staff, the use of appropriate spatial units, and the risk it poses to violating patient confidentiality. Lastly, the fourteen articles in this special issue devoted to GIS are introduced and briefly discussed. PMID:15446613

Mullner, Ross M; Chung, Kyusuk; Croke, Kevin G; Mensah, Edward K

2004-06-01

271

Nonconscious processing of sexual information: a generalization to women.  

PubMed

Sexually competent stimuli may nonconsciously activate sexual memory and set up sexual responding. In men, subliminally presented sexual pictures facilitated recognition of sexual information. The goal of the two experiments reported here was to investigate to what extent this result can be generalized to women. A direct replication in women failed in Experiment 1. In Experiment 2, besides the male-oriented sexual picture set, pictures of two other sets were presented: female-oriented sexual pictures and baby pictures. Effects of the menstrual cycle were also examined. In Experiment 2 only male-oriented pictures showed a facilitation effect. Sensitivity for reproductive stimuli was enhanced during the midluteal phase. Like men, women may nonconsciously recognize a stimulus as sexual. This recognition process seems unrelated to the potential of the stimulus to elicit subjective arousal. PMID:17599249

Spiering, Mark; Everaerd, Walter; Karsdorp, Petra; Both, Stephanie; Brauer, Marieke

2006-08-01

272

Public Access to Congressional Information: The Potential and Pitfalls of Technology Enhanced Access,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The emerging availability of new information technologies challenges the Congress to develop a consistent and fair method of distributing Congressional information in electronic formats. Public access to congressional information is critical to the abilit...

S. Frantzich

1987-01-01

273

7 CFR 1214.62 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...Research and Information § 1214.62 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...publications, and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks,...

2014-01-01

274

7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...Research, and Information § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...publications, and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks,...

2014-01-01

275

75 FR 62536 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...invites the general public and other Federal agencies...gov and to Federal Communications Commission (FCC...www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAMain...select ``Federal Communications Commission'' from...a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)...

2010-10-12

276

Generalized information entropies depending only on the probability distribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the framework of superstatistics it has been shown that one can calculate the entropy of nonextensive statistical mechanics. We follow a similar procedure; we assume a ? (?2) distribution depending on ? that also depends on a parameter pl. From it we calculate the Boltzmann factor and show that it is possible to obtain the information entropy S =k?l =1?s(pl), where s(pl)=1-plpl. By maximizing this information measure, pl is calculated as function of ?El and, at this stage of the procedure, pl can be identified with the probability distribution. We show the validity of the saddle-point approximation and we also briefly discuss the generalization of one of the four Khinchin axioms. The modified axioms are then in accordance with the proposed entropy. As further possibilities, we also propose other entropies depending on pl that resemble the Kaniakadis and two possible Sharma-Mittal entropies. By expanding in series all entropies in this work we have as a first term the Shannon entropy.

Obregón, Octavio; Gil-Villegas, Alejandro

2013-12-01

277

Generalized information entropies depending only on the probability distribution.  

PubMed

In the framework of superstatistics it has been shown that one can calculate the entropy of nonextensive statistical mechanics. We follow a similar procedure; we assume a ?(?(2)) distribution depending on ? that also depends on a parameter p(l). From it we calculate the Boltzmann factor and show that it is possible to obtain the information entropy S=k?(l=1)(?)s(p(l)), where s(p(l))=1-p(l)(p(l)). By maximizing this information measure, p(l) is calculated as function of ?E(l) and, at this stage of the procedure, p(l) can be identified with the probability distribution. We show the validity of the saddle-point approximation and we also briefly discuss the generalization of one of the four Khinchin axioms. The modified axioms are then in accordance with the proposed entropy. As further possibilities, we also propose other entropies depending on p(l) that resemble the Kaniakadis and two possible Sharma-Mittal entropies. By expanding in series all entropies in this work we have as a first term the Shannon entropy. PMID:24483424

Obregón, Octavio; Gil-Villegas, Alejandro

2013-12-01

278

42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about...NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8 Publication of the Library and information about... Lists of bibliographies, Library publications sold by the Government Printing...

2012-10-01

279

Commensurate Priors for Incorporating Historical Information in Clinical Trials Using General and Generalized Linear Models  

PubMed Central

Assessing between-study variability in the context of conventional random-effects meta-analysis is notoriously difficult when incorporating data from only a small number of historical studies. In order to borrow strength, historical and current data are often assumed to be fully homogeneous, but this can have drastic consequences for power and Type I error if the historical information is biased. In this paper, we propose empirical and fully Bayesian modifications of the commensurate prior model (Hobbs et al., 2011) extending Pocock (1976), and evaluate their frequentist and Bayesian properties for incorporating patient-level historical data using general and generalized linear mixed regression models. Our proposed commensurate prior models lead to preposterior admissible estimators that facilitate alternative bias-variance trade-offs than those offered by pre-existing methodologies for incorporating historical data from a small number of historical studies. We also provide a sample analysis of a colon cancer trial comparing time-to-disease progression using a Weibull regression model.

Hobbs, Brian P.; Sargent, Daniel J.; Carlin, Bradley P.

2014-01-01

280

76 FR 82313 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SECURITY Transportation Security Administration Intent...OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Transportation Security Officer (TSO) Medical...The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one...

2011-12-30

281

75 FR 36387 - Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9168-2] Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study; Correction AGENCY: Environmental...21, 2010, announcing public meetings for the Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study. The document contained an...

2010-06-25

282

Awareness and utilization of peer support programs in Singapore public general hospitals.  

PubMed

To address the effects of acute, chronic and cumulative stress in the healthcare environment in Singapore, the Ministry of Health provided funding to develop a comprehensive crisis response management system (peer support programs/PSPs) that increases mental health awareness, provides emotional support to affected staff during work-related critical incidents and assists hospital management to better understand the emotional needs of the employees. This paper reports the awareness and utilization of PSPs in Singapore public general hospitals about one year after they were set up. PMID:23894802

Chan, Angelina O M; Kee, Jass P C; Chan, Yiong Huak

2012-01-01

283

In difficult economic times, libraries become even more popular with the general public  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Santa Barbara Independent Libraries Busy in Faltering Economyhttp://www.independent.com/news/2009/jan/08/libraries-busy-faltering-economy/The Public Library Renaissancehttp://freakonomics.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/01/07/the-public-library-renaissance/Judge orders libraries to stay openhttp://www.philly.com/inquirer/local/pa/20090106_Judge_orders_libraries_to_stay_open.htmlAndrew Carnegie and Carnegie Librarieshttp://andrewcarnegie.tripod.com/Nancy Pearl's Book Lust Wikihttp://booklust.wetpaint.com/In economically challenging times, many people choose to omit certain luxuries, including pedicures, new (or used) cars, and other items. Retailers are also now reporting that consumers are also buying fewer books, CD's, and DVD's. Are people just not listening to music, turning on the television, or reading? That's definitely not the case, as the nations' libraries are reporting record numbers in terms of new library card applications and the sheer circulation numbers of their various holdings. A column in the Boston Globe reported that the checkouts of such items are up 15 percent in Modesto, 17 percent at the Newark Public Library, and that the Boise Public Library also reported a 61 percent increase in new library cards. Many people also rely on public libraries to perform job searches online, hold community meetings and forums, and as a place to spend a few hours away from inclement weather. Despite the recent uptick in public library use, there are a few ominous signs on the horizon. Many cities have been forced to cut library operating hours due to severe budget shortfalls, and Michael Nutter, the mayor of Philadelphia, even proposed closing 11 branches of the city's public library system. A recent ruling by a judge kept those branches open, but many of the challenges remain in Philadelphia and in hundreds of public library systems across the United States. The first link will take users to an article from this Thursday's Bend (OR) Bulletin that talks a bit about the increased library use at the Bend Public Library. The next link leads to a like-minded piece from the Santa Barbara Independent, which discusses the importance of their local libraries within their community. The third link whisks users away to a recent post from the "Freakonomics" weblog at the New York Times. The post talks a bit about the previously mentioned Boston Globe article and also offers link to other relevant sites on libraries. Moving on, the fourth link leads to a piece from this Tuesday's Philadelphia Inquirer about the recent ruling that requires Philadelphia to keep all of its libraries open. Those persons with an interest in the history of public libraries in the United States will enjoy the fifth link, as it contains information about the famed Carnegie libraries, paid for via the fortune of industrialist Andrew Carnegie. Finally, the last link leads to a site created by noted Seattle librarian Nancy Pearl. Here visitors can create their own book wiki, trade information on favorite books with other bibliophiles, and so on.

284

The Effects of Aviation Weather Information Systems on General Aviation Weather Information Systems on General Pilots' Workload  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

My work at NASA Langley has focused around Aviation Weather Information CAWING displays. The majority of my time at LYRIC has been spent on the Workload and Relative Position (WaRP) Study. The goal of this project is to determine how an AWIN display at various positions within the cockpit affects pilot performance and workload. The project is being conducted in Languages Cessna 206H research aircraft. During the past year the design of the experiment was finalized and approved. Despite facing several delays the data collection was completed in early February. Alter the completion of the data collection an extensive data entry task began. This required recording air speed, altitude, course heading, bank angle, and vertical speed information from videos of the primary flight displays. This data was then used to determine root mean square error (RMSE) for each experimental condition. In addition to the performance data (RMSE) taken from flight path deviation, the study also collected data on pilot;s accuracy in reporting weather information, and a subjective rating of workload from the pilot. The data for this experiment is currently being analyzed. Overall the current experiment should help to determine potential costs and benefits associated with AWIN displays. The data will be used to determine if a private pilot can safely fly a general aviation aircraft while operating a weather display. Clearly a display that adds to the pilot#s already heavy workload represents a potential problem. The study will compare the use of an AWIN display to conventional means of acquiring weather data. The placement of the display within the cockpit (i.e., either on the yoke, kneeboard, or panel) will be also compared in terms of workload, performance, and pilot preference.

Scerbo, Mark; Coyne, Joseph; Burt, Jennifer L. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

285

Informed public preferences for electricity portfolios with CCS and other low-carbon technologies.  

PubMed

Public perceptions of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) and other low-carbon electricity-generating technologies may affect the feasibility of their widespread deployment. We asked a diverse sample of 60 participants recruited from community groups in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to rank 10 technologies (e.g., coal with CCS, natural gas, nuclear, various renewables, and energy efficiency), and seven realistic low-carbon portfolios composed of these technologies, after receiving comprehensive and carefully balanced materials that explained the costs and benefits of each technology. Rankings were obtained in small group settings as well as individually before and after the group discussions. The ranking exercise asked participants to assume that the U.S. Congress had mandated a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions from power plants to be built in the future. Overall, rankings suggest that participants favored energy efficiency, followed by nuclear power, integrated gasification combined-cycle coal with CCS and wind. The most preferred portfolio also included these technologies. We find that these informed members of the general public preferred diverse portfolios that contained CCS and nuclear over alternatives once they fully understood the benefits, cost, and limitations of each. The materials and approach developed for this study may also have value in educating members of the general public about the challenges of achieving a low-carbon energy future. PMID:20561264

Fleishman, Lauren A; De Bruin, Wändi Bruine; Morgan, M Granger

2010-09-01

286

78 FR 6042 - Availability of Non-Public Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...adequate capital and internal controls; foster liquid, efficient, competitive, and resilient national housing finance...purpose of this part is to control the dissemination of non-public...person in possession or control of non-public...

2013-01-29

287

40 CFR 300.155 - Public information and community relations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RPMs and community relations personnel should ensure that all appropriate public and private interests...coordinate with available public affairs/community relations resources to carry...established to coordinate media relations and...

2009-07-01

288

40 CFR 300.155 - Public information and community relations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RPMs and community relations personnel should ensure that all appropriate public and private interests...coordinate with available public affairs/community relations resources to carry...established to coordinate media relations and...

2010-07-01

289

What variables affect public perceptions for EMS meeting general community needs?  

PubMed

In the fall, 2010, a phone survey of 928 respondents examined two research questions: does the general public perceive Emergency Medical Services (EMS) as meeting their community needs? And what factors or correlates help to explain EMS meeting community needs? To maximize geographical representation across the contiguous United States, a clustered stratified sampling strategy was used based upon zip codes across the 48 states. Results showed strong support by the sample for perceiving that EMS was meeting their general community needs. 17 percent of the variance in EMS meeting community needs was collectively explained by the demographic and perceptual variables in the regression model. Of the correlates tested, the strongest relationship was found between greater admiration for EMS professionals and higher perception of EMS meeting community needs. Study limitations included sampling households with only landline (no cell) phones, using a simulated emergency situation, and not collecting gender data. PMID:22735824

Blau, Gary; Hochner, Arthur; Portwood, James

2012-01-01

290

GAO (General Accounting Office) Audits: Access to Tax Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Provides basic information about GAO's access to and use of tax returns and return-related information, both domestic and foreign, during our audits. The information in the document should assure treaty partners that GAO will protect the confidentiality o...

1986-01-01

291

The Design and Implementation of Public Bike Information System Based on Google Maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2008, Hangzhou City, China initiated a public bicycle transportation program, and thus an effective information system was much need. We designed and implemented a Google Maps-based information system for the public bicycle transportation program. The visualized information system dynamically displays the locations of the bike rental sites, and the availabilities of bikes and bike parking spots for bike renters

Rongliang Luo; Yunru Shen

2009-01-01

292

IFLA General Conference, 1990. Division of Libraries Serving the General Public: Section on Public Libraries; Section of Children's Libraries, Children's Literature Documentation Centres, Round Table; Section of School Libraries; Section of Libraries for the Blind; INTAMEL, Round Table; Mobile Libraries, Round Table. Booklet 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 28 papers in this collection were presented at meetings of four sections and three round tables within the Division of Libraries Serving the General Public: (1) "Rural Community Information Services: Guidelines for Researching Need, Setting Up Services and Evaluating Performance" (Elaine Kempson); (2) "Library Activities at the Workplace"…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

293

Towards comprehensive national public transport information on the Internet: the PTI web site  

Microsoft Academic Search

The PTI website (Public Transport Information) can be found at http:\\/\\/www.pti.org.uld It provides a 'gateway' to traveller information on all public transport in the UK, essentially, it is an index of other Internet websites providing traveller information for all public transport modes. It covers travel within the UK (i.e. both Great Britain and Northern Ireland), and also includes the Channel

J Austin

1999-01-01

294

A Citizen Empowered Online Platform for Communicating Climate Science to the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation introduces a project, currently in development, of a new online platform for the interaction between climate scientists and citizen. It consists of an open-access, multi-lingual, and peer-reviewed journal publishing climate articles in non-scientific language. It follows three main long-term objectives. The first objective is to establish an ever-growing, multi-lingual library of climate articles providing a knowledge base on climate sciences accessible for free to everyone. The targeted public includes journalists, teachers, students, local actors (e.g. in politics, economy, agriculture), and any other citizen from around the world with an interest in climate sciences. The second goal is to offer a simple and direct channel for scientists wishing to disseminate their research to the general public. A high standard of climate articles is enforced through: a) requiring that the main author is an active climate scientist, and b) an innovative peer-review process involving scientific and non-scientific referees with distinct roles. The third objective is to engage citizen into the climate science. To this aim, the journal proposes three channels. Firstly, citizens are invited to contribute to the dissemination of climate knowledge to the general public by co-authoring, peer-reviewing or translating articles. Secondly, they are offered the capacity to stimulate scientific enquiry by posting invitations for manuscripts to be written on a citizen-inspired topic. Thirdly, a match-up tool is being developed for scientists to gather non-scientists teams for conducting citizen-involving research projects. This platform is scientist-initiated and is meant to be ruled and managed by the participating individuals themselves (scientists and non-scientists) as an international association. It will be financed through country-varying flat memberships. The project is now starting. The basic ideas are drawn; a prototype internet platform has been developed and is operational. In a first phase, climate scientists (and their friends!) are invited to jump in for free, submit climate articles and help design its development. Once an initial content is in place, the second phase will start consisting in an active promotion campaign to reach at the general public and enroll citizens. In this presentation, I will discuss the basic ideas behind this new online platform, its current state and the plans for the next future.

Bourqui, Michel

2014-05-01

295

Sendai Astronomical Observatory - Its Renewal and History as an observatory for general public -  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sendai Astronomical Observatory, located in the central part of the Sendai City in the northern part of Japan, is the one of the oldest observatory operated by local government mainly for general public. It has a 41-cm reflector together with a car equipped with a 20-cm refractor for providing chances for remote locations to have astronomical education called "Vega" . It also has a planetarium with a 16-m dome and 200 seats. Open in 1955, it maintained for more than a half century in high level education both to the general public and to school children. Especially all the children in the elementary school visit this observatory at least once as the school program defined in the Sendai city. We are considering a renewal of these facilities along with moving to the new site, Nishikigaoka, to avoid light pollution in the city. The new observatory will have a 1.2-m reflecting telescope, solar telescope, other smaller telescopes for experienced amateur astronomers or people, and a larger planetarium of a 25-m dome with 280 seats. We will introduce the plan of our renewal along with the history of these 50 years.

Watanabe, J.

2006-08-01

296

[Promotion of general health and scientific literacy via consumer and patient information: the role of the IQWiG].  

PubMed

The Institute of Quality and Economy in Healthcare (Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen; IQWiG) was established to strengthen the scientific basis for decision making in German healthcare services, and to provide a scientific resource for the German healthcare community and general public. The Institute is committed to supporting informed decision making, patient choice, and patient autonomy. One of the key activities of the IQWiG is the provision of easily understandable consumer and patient information. These are made available to the general public via a website. The Institute's approach to health communication is based on goals and techniques of patient empowerment, scientific and health-specific knowledge (literacy building), health promotion, and evidence-based medicine. The promotion of general health- and scientific knowledge (critical health information, or health literacy) is strongly associated with good health outcomes and patient empowerment in several ways. Unlike other factors that determine health outcome and patient empowerment, health literacy is modifiable. In its role as provider of consumer and patient information, the IQWiG focuses therefore on continuous promotion and strengthening of health literacy in the German population. IQWiG intends to pursue this aim by means of publications and website activities, as well as by own academic work and projects that address scientific and health literacy at the population level. (Full English version online at www.iqwig.de) PMID:16121654

Bastian, Hilda; Kaiser, Thomas; Matschewsky, Sindy

2005-01-01

297

Publicity and education on family planning information in Keshan County.  

PubMed

In 1984 the Keshan (Northeast China) County Government and the Family Planning Committee initiated an education campaign to disseminate family planning information to farmers. The team of propagandists consisted primarily of full-time family planning workers. Village cadres, school teachers, and rural physicians, who are properly educated and positive about family planning work, enjoy high prestige among the workers. They were invited to be team members after training and are supported by the villagers because they come from among the local people. All the childbearing women aged 15-49 in each village were classified by the propagandist into 5 groups according to their marital and childbearing status, i.e., women at the age of puberty, women of new marriage, pregnant and lying-in women, women with children to be reared, and middle-age and old women. The women were organized into groups to attend lectures on different subjects such as population policy, relationship between population growth and socioeconomic development on the 1 hand and individuals and environment on the other. Also included were physiology, the health birth and rearing of children, and health care for women and the aged. The publicity effort included broadcasting, films, video aids, and slide shows. Increased classs were during the slack seasons, and lectures were given once a week. By 1986, about 80% of the population at childbearing age in Keshan County had attended the family planning lectures. PMID:12341211

1986-12-01

298

36 CFR 902.21 - Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information that affects the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information...INFORMATION ACT Publication in the Federal Register § 902.21 Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of...

2010-07-01

299

36 CFR 902.21 - Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information that affects the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information...INFORMATION ACT Publication in the Federal Register § 902.21 Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of...

2009-07-01

300

75 FR 44974 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Sensitive...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of One Current Public Collection of...Information: Sensitive Security Information Threat...Transportation Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one...Department of Homeland Security Appropriations...Appropriations Act, Public Law...

2010-07-30

301

78 FR 50076 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Sensitive...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of One Current Public Collection of...Information: Sensitive Security Information Threat...Transportation Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one...Department of Homeland Security Appropriations...Appropriations Act, Public Law...

2013-08-16

302

77 FR 76064 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Reform Act: Changes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Housing Reform Act: Changes to Admission and Occupancy Requirements for the Public...available upon request, their respective admission and occupancy policies for both the public...available for inspection policies related to admission and continued occupancy, so as to...

2012-12-26

303

76 FR 23326 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Transportation Security Administration [Docket...Public Collection of Information: Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) Program AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration,...

2011-04-26

304

78 FR 32417 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Transportation Security Administration [Docket...Public Collection of Information: Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) Program AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration,...

2013-05-30

305

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel. Revision 12  

SciTech Connect

This circular has been prepared to provide information on the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel (spent fuel) subject to regulation by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirements of general interest, a summary of data for 1979--1996 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

NONE

1997-10-01

306

Ethics and Moral Intensity: An Analysis of Information Technology and General Education Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many current information technology positions that are generally regarded as unethical. This study finds that there are mixed results in the ethical judgments of today's students in addressing these common information technology issues. For all students surveyed, not all unethical information technology statements are opposed. The survey examines differences between information technology students and general education students and

Alan R. Peslak

2007-01-01

307

77 FR 9659 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; GSA Mentor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information provided. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Kathy Rifkin, Procurement Analyst, General Services Acquisition Policy Division, GSA (816) 823-2170 or via email at kathy.rifkin@gsa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: A. Purpose...

2012-02-17

308

76 FR 81941 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Price Reductions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...confidential information provided. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Dana Munson, General Services Acquisition Policy Division, GSA, (202) 357-9652 or email Dana.Munson@gsa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: A. Purpose The...

2011-12-29

309

Training Australian General Practitioners in Rural Public Health: Impact, Desirability and Adaptability of Hybrid Problem-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context and Objective: Australian rural general practitioners (GPs) require public health knowledge. This study explored the suitability of teaching complex public health issues related to Aboriginal health by way of a hybrid problem-based learning (PBL) model within an intensive training retreat for GP registrars, when numerous trainees have no…

Gladman, Justin; Perkins, David

2013-01-01

310

Assessment of the Role of School and Public Libraries in Support of Educational Reform. General Audience Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to find out how school and public libraries were performing as education providers and how well they were responding to the country's urgent demands for school improvement. This general audience report summarizes the results of the assessment of school and public libraries. It discusses staffing and patronage, the use…

Michie, Joan; Chaney, Bradford

311

È VIVO: Virtual eruptions at Vesuvius; A multimedia tool to illustrate numerical modeling to a general public  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dissemination of scientific results to the general public has become increasingly important in our society. When science deals with natural hazards, public outreach is even more important: on the one hand, it contributes to hazard perception and it is a necessary step toward preparedness and risk mitigation; on the other hand, it contributes to establish a positive link of mutual

Micol Todesco; Augusto Neri; Cristina Demaria; Costantino Marmo; Giovanni Macedonio

2006-01-01

312

Feasibility study of geospatial mapping of chronic disease risk to inform public health commissioning  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore the feasibility of producing small-area geospatial maps of chronic disease risk for use by clinical commissioning groups and public health teams. Study design Cross-sectional geospatial analysis using routinely collected general practitioner electronic record data. Sample and setting Tower Hamlets, an inner-city district of London, UK, characterised by high socioeconomic and ethnic diversity and high prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Methods The authors used type 2 diabetes as an example. The data set was drawn from electronic general practice records on all non-diabetic individuals aged 25–79?years in the district (n=163?275). The authors used a validated instrument, QDScore, to calculate 10-year risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Using specialist mapping software (ArcGIS), the authors produced visualisations of how these data varied by lower and middle super output area across the district. The authors enhanced these maps with information on examples of locality-based social determinants of health (population density, fast food outlets and green spaces). Data were piloted as three types of geospatial map (basic, heat and ring). The authors noted practical, technical and information governance challenges involved in producing the maps. Results Usable data were obtained on 96.2% of all records. One in 11 adults in our cohort was at ‘high risk’ of developing type 2 diabetes with a 20% or more 10-year risk. Small-area geospatial mapping illustrated ‘hot spots’ where up to 17.3% of all adults were at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Ring maps allowed visualisation of high risk for type 2 diabetes by locality alongside putative social determinants in the same locality. The task of downloading, cleaning and mapping data from electronic general practice records posed some technical challenges, and judgement was required to group data at an appropriate geographical level. Information governance issues were time consuming and required local and national consultation and agreement. Conclusions Producing small-area geospatial maps of diabetes risk calculated from general practice electronic record data across a district-wide population was feasible but not straightforward. Geovisualisation of epidemiological and environmental data, made possible by interdisciplinary links between public health clinicians and human geographers, allows presentation of findings in a way that is both accessible and engaging, hence potentially of value to commissioners and policymakers. Impact studies are needed of how maps of chronic disease risk might be used in public health and urban planning.

Smith, Dianna; Mathur, Rohini; Robson, John; Greenhalgh, Trisha

2012-01-01

313

Generalized Method for the User Evaluation of Purchased Information Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first year of a two-year project to develop a method for user evaluation of purchased scientific and technical information services was directed at those services which provide information without interpretive evaluation or analysis. Using a case hist...

H. J. Hall

1975-01-01

314

GAO (General Accounting Office) Audits: Access to Tax Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To conduct some audits, such as those involving IRS' international tax activities, GAO needs access to information provided by foreign governments to IRS under the exchange-of-information provisions of tax treaties. All tax treaties ratified since 1981 by...

1986-01-01

315

Trusted Health Information for the Public | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... Javascript on. Feature: NLM 175th Anniversary Trusted Health Information for the Public Past Issues / Spring 2011 Table ... site that lets users access medical and drug information while on the go, available on any Web- ...

316

75 FR 42440 - Total Coliform Rule Revisions-Notice of Public Information Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is hosting public information meetings on the proposed Revised Total Coliform...html. A copy of the proposed RTCR is also available from this Web site. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Special...

2010-07-21

317

46 CFR 501.41 - Public requests for information and decisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...officers from whom, and the methods whereby, the public may secure information, make submittals or requests, or obtain...follows. Further information on Area Representatives, including Internet e-mail addresses, can be obtained on the...

2013-10-01

318

78 FR 12771 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2013 Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection for Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2013 Public...information: Title of Proposal: Disaster Recovery Grant Reporting System...to Add Hurricane Sandy and other Disaster Grants. OMB Control Number:...

2013-02-25

319

75 FR 69439 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension Under Delegated...November 3, 2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-11-12

320

76 FR 23328 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Indian Community Development Block...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Comment; Indian Community Development Block Grant Information Collection...Title of Proposal: Indian Community Development Block Grant Information Collection...Title I of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, which...

2011-04-26

321

76 FR 27341 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Indian Housing Block Grant (IHBG...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Public Comment; Indian Housing Block Grant (IHBG) Program Reporting AGENCY...information: Title of Proposal: Indian Housing Block Grant Information Collection. OMB Control...housing entities that receive Indian Housing Block Grant (IHBG) funds are required...

2011-05-11

322

75 FR 19417 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment for Housing Choice Voucher (HCV...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment for Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Family Self-Sufficiency (FSS) Program AGENCY: Office of...following information: Title of Proposal: Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Family Self- Sufficiency (FSS) Program. OMB Control...

2010-04-14

323

78 FR 49730 - Collection of Information; Proposed Extension of Approval; Comment Request-Publicly Available...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Available Consumer Product Safety Information Database AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission...Available Consumer Product Safety Information Database. The Commission will consider all comments...maintain a publicly available, searchable database on the safety of consumer products...

2013-08-15

324

7 CFR 1208.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...Expenses and Assessments § 1208.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...publications, and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks,...

2014-01-01

325

7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...Expenses and Assessments § 1218.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...publications, and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks,...

2014-01-01

326

7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...Order Miscellaneous § 1216.88 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...publications, and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks,...

2014-01-01

327

75 FR 35023 - Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study AGENCY: Environmental...the relationship between hydraulic fracturing and drinking water. The...the meetings. DATES: The Hydraulic Fracturing Study informational...

2010-06-21

328

76 FR 7874 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Online Innovation Submission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment on the Online Innovation Submission Form for the Innovation...the information and proposed use: The Online Innovation Submission Form is necessary...Innovation of the Day'' is a new online submission and display platform...

2011-02-11

329

Public information for the assessment of quality: a widespread social phenomenon.  

PubMed Central

We propose that the use of public information about the quality of environmental resources, obtained by monitoring the sampling behaviour of others, may be a widespread social phenomenon allowing individuals to make faster, more accurate assessments of their environment. To demonstrate this (i) we define public information and distinguish it from other kinds of social information; (ii) we review empirical work demonstrating the benefits and costs of using public information to estimate food patch quality; (iii) we examine recent work showing that individuals may also be using public information to improve their estimates of the quality of such disparate environmental parameters as breeding patches, opponents and mates; and finally (iv) we suggest avenues of future work to better understand the nature of public information use and when it might be used or ignored. Such work should lead to a more complete understanding of the behaviour of individuals in social aggregations.

Valone, Thomas J; Templeton, Jennifer J

2002-01-01

330

Integrating open-source technologies to build low-cost information systems for improved access to public health data  

PubMed Central

Effective public health practice relies on the availability of public health data sources and assessment tools to convey information to investigators, practitioners, policy makers, and the general public. Emerging communication technologies on the Internet can deliver all components of the "who, what, when, and where" quartet more quickly than ever with a potentially higher level of quality and assurance, using new analysis and visualization tools. Open-source software provides the opportunity to build low-cost information systems allowing health departments with modest resources access to modern data analysis and visualization tools. In this paper, we integrate open-source technologies and public health data to create a web information system which is accessible to a wide audience through the Internet. Our web application, "EpiVue," was tested using two public health datasets from the Washington State Cancer Registry and Washington State Center for Health Statistics. A third dataset shows the extensibility and scalability of EpiVue in displaying gender-based longevity statistics over a twenty-year interval for 3,143 United States counties. In addition to providing an integrated visualization framework, EpiVue's highly interactive web environment empowers users by allowing them to upload their own geospatial public health data in either comma-separated text files or MS Excel™ spreadsheet files and visualize the geospatial datasets with Google Maps™.

Yi, Qian; Hoskins, Richard E; Hillringhouse, Elizabeth A; Sorensen, Svend S; Oberle, Mark W; Fuller, Sherrilynne S; Wallace, James C

2008-01-01

331

Bank Information Monopolies and the Mix of Private and Public Debt Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the determinants of the mix of private and public debt using detailed information on the debt structure of 250 publicly traded corporations from 1980 through 1990. The authors find that the relationship between bank borrowing and the importance of growth opportunities depends on the number of banks the firm uses and whether the firm has public debt

Joel Houston; Christopher James

1996-01-01

332

77 FR 25498 - Notice of Proposed Information; Public Housing Agency Burden Reduction Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information; Public Housing Agency Burden Reduction Survey AGENCY: Office...soliciting public comments on the subject proposal. The Department is...Public Housing Agency (PHA) burden through a wide range of activities...is to determine whether the burden reduction activities have...

2012-04-30

333

"Taking a Bite Out of Crime": The Impact of a Public Information Campaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast with earlier findings indicating that public information campaigns produce little change in public attitudes and behaviors, current research suggests that the Advertising Council's "Take a Bite Out of Crime" campaign, initiated in 1979, has had a substantive impact on the public's response to crime prevention. Data from a national…

O'Keefe, Garrett J.

334

Further Training for Information Specialists in Soviet Public Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief description of the Department of Educational Information, its current activities in information science, and its training programs for staff involved in information science work. Education seminars available outside the department are also explained. (JAB)

Aransky, V. S.; Ivanova, G. V.

1978-01-01

335

36 CFR 73.17 - Public information and education activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION § 73.17 Public...properties approved for inclusion on the World Heritage List are encouraged to publicize...may provide guidance to owners of U.S. World Heritage properties in developing...

2013-07-01

336

Quantitative evaluation of personal exposure to UV radiation of workers and general public.  

PubMed

Due to meteorological conditions variability and to the variability of exposure patterns, which can be largely different during a working day, personal dosemeters use can be necessary to obtain a correct quantitative evaluation of the radiation dose absorbed by an exposed worker. Different classes of personal dosemeters exist and, among them, electronic dosemeters and polysulphone film dosemeters. An experimental campaign is presented conduced in a cultivated area of Tuscany and some aspects are discussed about an experimental campaign performed on a population of volunteers on a central Italy beach near Rome. The aim of the present work is to show some relevant issues in a dosimetric approach to the exposure evaluation of outdoor workers and, in general, of the public during recreational activities. PMID:19841017

Sisto, R; Borra, M; Casale, G R; Militello, A; Siani, A M

2009-12-01

337

Tennessee Public Infrastructure Needs Inventory Assessment for FY 1998. A Commission Report to the 101st General Assembly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report represents the first effort by any public or private agency or organization to provide a comprehensive assessment of Tennessee's public infrastructure needs. Hundreds of local government officials and private citizens contributed information to this research. The main participants in the infrastructure inventory were the local…

Green, Harry A.; Norman, John F, .; McClure, C. Bennett, II

338

ESTIMATING THE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM BENEFITS OF LARGE CHANGES IN SPATIALLY DELINEATED PUBLIC GOODS. (R828103 AKA R826609)  

EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

339

Control Costs, Enhance Quality, and Increase Revenue in Three Top General Public Hospitals in Beijing, China  

PubMed Central

Background With market-oriented economic and health-care reform, public hospitals in China have received unprecedented pressures from governmental regulations, public opinions, and financial demands. To adapt the changing environment and keep pace of modernizing healthcare delivery system, public hospitals in China are expanding clinical services and improving delivery efficiency, while controlling costs. Recent experiences are valuable lessons for guiding future healthcare reform. Here we carefully study three teaching hospitals, to exemplify their experiences during this period. Methods We performed a systematic analysis on hospitalization costs, health-care quality and delivery efficiencies from 2006 to 2010 in three teaching hospitals in Beijing, China. The analysis measured temporal changes of inpatient cost per stay (CPS), cost per day (CPD), inpatient mortality rate (IMR), and length of stay (LOS), using a generalized additive model. Findings There were 651,559 hospitalizations during the period analyzed. Averaged CPS was stable over time, while averaged CPD steadily increased by 41.7% (P<0.001), from CNY 1,531 in 2006 to CNY 2,169 in 2010. The increasing CPD seemed synchronous with the steady rising of the national annual income per capita. Surgical cost was the main contributor to the temporal change of CPD, while medicine and examination costs tended to be stable over time. From 2006 and 2010, IMR decreased by 36%, while LOS reduced by 25%. Increasing hospitalizations with higher costs, along with an overall stable CPS, reduced IMR, and shorter LOS, appear to be the major characteristics of these three hospitals at present. Interpretations These three teaching hospitals have gained some success in controlling costs, improving cares, adopting modern medical technologies, and increasing hospital revenues. Effective hospital governance and physicians' professional capacity plus government regulations and supervisions may have played a role. However, purely market-oriented health-care reform could also misguide future healthcare reform.

Zhao, Lue-Ping; Yu, Guo-Pei; Liu, Hui; Ma, Xie-Min; Wang, Jing; Kong, Gui-Lan; Li, Yi; Ma, Wen; Cui, Yong; Xu, Beibei; Yu, Na; Bao, Xiao-Yuan; Guo, Yu; Wang, Fei; Zhang, Jun; Li, Yan; Xie, Xue-Qin; Jiang, Bao-Guo; Ke, Yang

2013-01-01

340

Willingness of the United States general public to participate in kidney paired donation  

PubMed Central

Background Availability of kidney paired donation (KPD) is increasing in the United States, and a national system through UNOS is forthcoming. However, little is known about attitudes toward KPD among the general public, from which donors (particularly non-directed) are drawn. Methods In a national study, we assessed the public's attitudes regarding participation in KPD. Results Among 845 randomly selected participants, 85.2% of respondents were either “extremely willing” or “very willing” to participate in KPD. Experiences with the medical or organ transplant systems, such as undergoing surgery, having a primary medical provider, a living will, a friend who donated or received an organ, and considering donation after death, were associated with increased willingness. However, increased age, male sex, African American race, Hispanic ethnicity, distrust of the medical system, and not understanding organ allocation were associated with less willingness. Conclusions We identify strong support for KPD but some important potential barriers to participation which should be considered as KPD programs are implemented.

Segev, Dorry L.; Powe, Neil R.; Troll, Misty U.; Wang, Nae-Yuh; Montgomery, Robert A.; Boulware, L. Ebony

2013-01-01

341

[General Agreement on Trade in Services and its implications for public health].  

PubMed

Due to the economic importance of the service sector and its trade potential, in 1995 the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched the General Agreement on Trade in Services with the objective of liberalizing trade in services worldwide and of establishing rules and disciplines to regulate it. Until now, the Agreement has produced few case laws on its rules and some of them are in the process of being developed, which makes the Agreement ambiguous and hampers accurate forecasting of its implications. Nevertheless, some analysts consider that certain characteristics and rules represent a threat to the funding mechanisms of public services and to the sovereignty of governments to generate their own rules. Moreover, the Agreement would lead to irreversible formalization of commitments, without the possibility of returning to previous conditions in the case of failure of the market and/or private participation. In addition, the Agreement acts against exclusive monopolies and providers and to a certain extent this will affect subsidies to local providers. The ability of the European Communities Court of Justice to enforce the implementation of competitive measures in public services has produced uncertainty because of the implications for health services. The Spanish Agreement with the WTO contains many questions that remain open, representing an opportunity for the participation of the health sector in the next negotiation rounds. PMID:16483527

Umaña-Peña, Román; Alvarez-Dardet, Carlos

2005-01-01

342

General Buildings Information Handover Guide: Principles, Methodology and Case Studies. An Industry Sector Guide of the Information Handover Guide Series.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this guide is to assist users and developers of building information and information systems in the general buildings industry in making good use of advanced technology and avoiding the pitfalls, particularly those encountered in informatio...

K. K. Fallon M. E. Palmer

2007-01-01

343

Reform opportunities missed: Will the innovative potential of information systems in public administration remain dormant forever?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few conceptual efforts have been made to design the public administration of tomorrow which makes full use of the potential of information technology to create new structures and work processes. Business process re?engineering, the Internet and other sources of innovative information systems at the citizen interface, are important directions into which efforts at developing the public sector of the future

Klaus Lenk

1998-01-01

344

Toward a framework for understanding lay public's comprehension of disaster and bioterrorism information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade, we have witnessed a significant increase in disaster preparedness and crisis communication efforts. This stands in sharp contrast with paucity of research that deals with the public’s comprehension of disaster information and related decision-making. The objective of this paper is to outline a theoretical and methodological framework for research on lay comprehension of crisis information. The

Alla Keselman; Laura Slaughter; Vimla L. Patel

2005-01-01

345

Public library computer training for older adults to access high-quality Internet health information  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative experiment to develop and evaluate a public library computer training program to teach older adults to access and use high-quality Internet health information involved a productive collaboration among public libraries, the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and a Library and Information Science (LIS) academic program at

Bo Xie; Julie M. Bugg

2009-01-01

346

The Public Library, Social Exclusion and the Information Society in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The digital divide is now a commonly recognised feature of information society. This article explores recent develop- ments in the United Kingdom (UK) which attempt to address this issue, and examines national and local information policy, community networking, and public library policy. It assesses the claim, common in the UK public library com- munity, that the wiring up of the

Martin Dutch; Dave Muddiman

2001-01-01

347

Facilitating community information seeking using the Internet: Findings from three public library-community network systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report findings from a recent study of how public libraries are using on-line community networks to facilitate the public's information seeking and use in everyday situations. These networks have been lauded for their potential to strengthen physical communities through increasing information flow about local services and events, and through facilitating civic interaction. However, little is known about how the

Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Kenton T. Unruh

2002-01-01

348

Validation of information recorded on general practitioner based computerised data resource in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine the extent of agreement between clinical information recorded on surgery computers of selected general practitioners and similar information in manual records of letters received from hospital consultants and kept in the general practitioners' files. DESIGN--Hospital consultants' letters in the manual records of selected general practitioners were photocopied and the consultants' clinical diagnoses were compared with diagnoses recorded on

H Jick; S S Jick; L E Derby

1991-01-01

349

Strengthening Connections between Information Literacy, General Education, and Assessment Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses academic library instruction and librarians' collaboration with faculty to promote information literacy. Highlights include the education reform movement; strategic alliances; partnerships within a multicampus higher education system to promote information literacy; and assessment of the library's role as a key component of…

Rockman, Ilene F.

2002-01-01

350

76 FR 73680 - Proposed Information Collection Request Submitted for Sixty Days' Public Comment; O*NET Data...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Department of Labor, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, conducts a preclearance consultation program to provide the general public and federal agencies with an opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing collections of information in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA95) [44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)]. This program helps to......

2011-11-29

351

Protecting Privacy when Disclosing Information: k-Anonymity and Its Enforcement through Generalization and Suppression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's globally networked society places great demand on the dissemination and sharing of person-specificdata. Situations where aggregate statistical information was once the reporting norm now rely heavily on thetransfer of microscopically detailed transaction and encounter information. This happens at a time whenmore and more historically public information is also electronically available. When these data are linkedtogether, they provide an electronic

Pierangela Samarati

1998-01-01

352

77 FR 70792 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-004 General Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Security/ALL-004 General Information Technology Access Account Records System...Security/ALL-004 General Information Technology Access Account Records System...DHS/ALL-004 General Information Technology Access Account Records...

2012-11-27

353

77 FR 13619 - Notice of Proposed Information for Public Comment for: Public Housing Capital Fund Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review...Each year Congress appropriates funds to approximately 3,100 Public...development, financing, and management improvements. The funds are allocated based on a...

2012-03-07

354

Improving the Dissemination of United States Government Information: The Report of the Public Printer's Sales Publications Pricing Panel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven issues were considered in study of Government Printing Office's Sales of Publications Program in areas such as pricing, marketing, program administration, and appeals of disputed prices. Sales Program study of documents pricing and government information dissemination proposes testing of alternative approaches to current pricing, increasing…

Foss, Stuart M.

1991-01-01

355

Research Issues in Information and Public Policy. Occasional Paper 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the very timely issue of national information policy, particularly in view of the pending second White House Conference on Libraries and Information Services in July 1991. Information policy is examined from economic, political, and social points of view and the national government is urged to address the challenging task of…

Galvin, Thomas J.

356

75 FR 54052 - Description of Office, Procedures, and Public Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...its members, is proposing to update its Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) regulations...to the FOIA contained in the Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments of 1996...110-175, 121 Stat. 2524. The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments...

2010-09-03

357

75 FR 71012 - Description of Office, Procedures, and Public Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...behalf of its members, is amending its Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) regulations...to the FOIA contained in the Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments of 1996...110-175, 121 Stat. 2524. The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments...

2010-11-22

358

Using Information Markets to Improve Public Decision Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information markets are markets for contracts that yield payments based on the outcome of an uncertain future event, such as a presidential election. The prices in these markets provide useful information about a particular issue, such as a president's reelection probability. The purpose of this paper is to suggest how the use of information markets can improve the quality of

Robert W. Hahn; Paul C. Tetlock

2004-01-01

359

The Pricing of Initial Public Offerings: A Dynamic Model with Information Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an information-theoretic model of initial public offering pricing in which insiders sell stock in both the initial public offering and the secondary market, have private information about their firm's prospects, and outsiders may engage in costly information production about the firm. High-value firms, knowing they are going to pool wit h low-value firms, induce outsiders to engage

Thomas J Chemmanur

1993-01-01

360

77 FR 34409 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; General...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request; General Inquiries to State Agency Contacts ACTION: Notice...General Inquiries to State Agency Contacts,'' to the Office of Management and...eop.gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michel Smyth by telephone at...

2012-06-11

361

A qualitative study of health information technology in the Canadian public health system  

PubMed Central

Background Although the adoption of health information technology (HIT) has advanced in Canada over the past decade, considerable challenges remain in supporting the development, broad adoption, and effective use of HIT in the public health system. Policy makers and practitioners have long recognized that improvements in HIT infrastructure are necessary to support effective and efficient public health practice. The objective of this study was to identify aspects of health information technology (HIT) policy related to public health in Canada that have succeeded, to identify remaining challenges, and to suggest future directions to improve the adoption and use of HIT in the public health system. Methods A qualitative case study was performed with 24 key stakeholders representing national and provincial organizations responsible for establishing policy and strategic direction for health information technology. Results Identified benefits of HIT in public health included improved communication among jurisdictions, increased awareness of the need for interoperable systems, and improvement in data standardization. Identified barriers included a lack of national vision and leadership, insufficient investment, and poor conceptualization of the priority areas for implementing HIT in public health. Conclusions The application of HIT in public health should focus on automating core processes and identifying innovative applications of HIT to advance public health outcomes. The Public Health Agency of Canada should develop the expertise to lead public health HIT policy and should establish a mechanism for coordinating public health stakeholder input on HIT policy.

2013-01-01

362

Withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatment: a comparative study of the ethical reasoning of physicians and the general public  

PubMed Central

Background Our objective was to investigate whether a consensus exists between the general public and health care providers regarding the reasoning and values at stake on the subject of life-sustaining treatment. Methods A postal questionnaire was sent to a random sample of members of the adult population (n = 989) and to a random sample of intensive care doctors and neurosurgeons (n = 410) practicing in Sweden in 2004. The questionnaire was based on a case involving a severely ill patient and presented arguments for and against withholding and withdrawing treatment, and providing treatment that might hasten death. Results Approximately 70% of the physicians and 51% of the general public responded. A majority of doctors (82.3%) stated that they would withhold treatment, whereas a minority of the general public (40.2%) would do so; the arguments forwarded (for instance, belief that the first task of health care is to save life) and considerations regarding quality of life differed significantly between the two groups. Most physicians (94.1%) and members of the general public (77.7%) were prepared to withdraw treatment, and most (95.1% of physicians and 82% of members of the general public) agreed that sedation should be provided. Conclusion There are indeed considerable differences in how physicians and the general public assess and reason in critical care situations, but the more hopelessly ill the patient became the more the groups' assessments tended to converge, although they prioritized different arguments. In order to avoid unnecessary dispute and miscommunication, it is important that health care providers be aware of the public's views, expectations, and preferences.

Rydvall, Anders; Lynoe, Niels

2008-01-01

363

Comparison of information technology in general practice in 10 countries.  

PubMed

A study commissioned by Canada Health Infoway provides a comparative analysis of automation in general practice in 10 countries. The most common clinical application is the automation of medication prescriptions--even if it is not a mandatory requirement as it is in Norway. It is the clinical application that provides one of the biggest benefits to general practitioners as it addresses legibility concerns, can be a significant time saver (particularly for repeat prescriptions) and offers the potential to make use of decision-support capabilities. The transmission of laboratory results is the most common electronic clinical communication application. PMID:17491575

Protti, Denis

2007-01-01

364

32 CFR 1900.03 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Part 1900 - PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF...INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF...inquire about the FOIA program at CIA, or to file a FOIA request...status information on pending cases only, the telephone number...

2009-07-01

365

32 CFR 1908.03 - Contact for general information and requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC REQUESTS FOR MANDATORY DECLASSIFICATION...communication to the Information and Privacy Coordinator, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC 20505. Such inquiries will...

2013-07-01

366

77 FR 5020 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; GSA Form 527...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirement regarding GSA Form 527, Contractor's Qualifications and Financial...and whether it will have practical utility; whether our estimate of the public...Information Collection 3090- 0007, Contractor's Qualifications and...

2012-02-01

367

Clinical information for research; the use of general practice databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary General practice computers have been widely used in the United Kingdom for the last 10 years and there are over 30 different systems currently available. The commercially available databases are based on two of the most widely used systems - VAMP Medical and Meditel. These databases provide both longitudinal and cross-sectional data on between 1.8 and 4 million patients.

Ross Lawrenson; Tim Williams; Richard Farmer

1999-01-01

368

77 FR 10752 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; General Licensing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; General Licensing Provisions; Section 351(k) Biosimilar Applications; Correction AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice;...

2012-02-23

369

75 FR 33509 - Availability of Information to the Public  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...5.2 (General policy), which stated...Department's general policy regarding the availability...Analysis of Comments and...raise novel legal or policy issues arising out...definitions. 5.32 Assessment of fees. 5.33...Agency records are documentary materials...

2010-06-14

370

Presenting Numerical Modelling of Explosive Volcanic Eruption to a General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Numerical modeling of explosive volcanic eruptions has been widely applied, during the last decades, to study pyroclastic flows dispersion along volcano's flanks and to evaluate their impact on urban areas. Results from these transient multi-phase and multi-component simulations are often reproduced in form of computer animations, representing the spatial and temporal evolution of relevant flow variables (such as temperature, or particle concentration). Despite being a sophisticated, technical tool to analyze and share modeling results within the scientific community, these animations truly look like colorful cartoons showing an erupting volcano and are especially suited to be shown to a general public. Thanks to their particular appeal, and to the large interest usually risen by exploding volcanoes, these animations have been presented several times on television and magazines and are currently displayed in a permanent exposition, at the Vesuvius Observatory in Naples. This work represents an effort to produce an accompanying tool for these animations, capable of explaining to a large audience the scientific meaning of what can otherwise look as a graphical exercise. Dealing with research aimed at the study of dangerous, explosive volcanoes, improving the general understanding of these scientific results plays an important role as far as risk perception is concerned. An educated population has better chances to follow an appropriate behavior, i.e.: one that could lead, on the long period, to a reduction of the potential risk. In this sense, a correct divulgation of scientific results, while improving the confidence of the population in the scientific community, should belong to the strategies adopted to mitigate volcanic risk. Due to the relevance of the long term final goal of such divulgation experiment, this work represents an interdisciplinary effort, combining scientific expertise and specific competence from the modern communication science and risk perception studies.

Demaria, C.; Todesco, M.; Neri, A.; Blasi, G.

2001-12-01

371

Information Needs for Student and Public Choice in Postsecondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been an increasing movement toward consumer protection in recent years, sparked by a few crusaders, a better educated public, and changing socioeconomic conditions. What is new is the interest being generated under the rubric of consumer protection in postsecondary education. This conception of consumer protection deals almost…

Shapiro, Paul S.

372

A Poverty Simulation to Inform Public Health Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Poverty is a pervasive condition linked to a myriad of health conditions and severe health outcomes. Public health professionals are at the forefront of addressing poverty-related issues and require education that enhances their understanding and cultural competence. Purpose: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the impacts of…

Strasser, Sheryl; Smith, Megan O.; Pendrick Denney, Danielle; Jackson, Matt C.; Buckmaster, Pam

2013-01-01

373

40 CFR 51.368 - Public information and consumer protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...mechanism by which a vehicle owner can contest the results of an inspection. It shall include mechanisms for protecting whistle blowers and following up on complaints by the public or others involved in the process. It shall include a program to...

2010-07-01

374

40 CFR 51.368 - Public information and consumer protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...mechanism by which a vehicle owner can contest the results of an inspection. It shall include mechanisms for protecting whistle blowers and following up on complaints by the public or others involved in the process. It shall include a program to...

2009-07-01

375

Providing Parent Information for Public School Choice in Massachusetts Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A child's success in school is often determined by the level of involvement of the family in his or her education. This newsletter presents articles on helping parents collaborate in the schooling process. The title article describes the "universal controlled" public school choice allowed in several Massachusetts school districts, and a report…

Hollifield, John H., Ed.

1993-01-01

376

Using Research Evidence to Inform Public Policy Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of scientific data in the development and implementation of sound public policy is a well-established practice, but there appears to be less consensus on the nature of the strategies that can and should be used to incorporate research data into policy decisions. This paper describes the promise and the challenges of using research…

Moseley, Charles; Kleinert, Harold; Sheppard-Jones, Kathleen; Hall, Stephen

2013-01-01

377

Value Indicators and Public Policy: Democratic Information Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A system for developing public policy indicators would include social, economic, and environmental statistics which would define problems facing a political community. Policy indicator variables center around the broad needs of policy. Any measure of human conditions, including sources outside the basic disciplines, are used; intervals of…

MacRae, Duncan, Jr.

378

Reducing Stressful Aspects of Information Technology in Public Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies sources of technological stress for public services librarians and patrons and proposes ways to reduce stress, including communicating with staff, implementing a system gradually, providing adequate training, creating proper documentation, planning, considering ergonomics in hardware and software selection, selecting a good interface,…

Quinn, Brian

1995-01-01

379

Content Based Image Retrieval and Information Theory: A General Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes an alternative real valued representation of color based on the information theoretic concept of entropy. A theoretical presentation of image entropy is accompanied by a practical description of the merits and limitations of image entropy compared to color histograms. Results suggest that image entropy is a promising approach to image…

Zachary, John; Iyengar, S. S.; Barhen, Jacob

2001-01-01

380

Generalized bibliographic format as used by the Ecological Sciences Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for the preparation of computer input for the information programs being developed by the Ecological Sciences Information Center (ESIC)\\/Information Center Complex (ICC) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Through the use of a generalized system, the data of all the centers of ICC are compatible. Literature included in an information

L. J. Allison; H. A. Pfuderer; B. N. Collier

1979-01-01

381

Public information use in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and children (Homo sapiens).  

PubMed

The discernment of resource quality is pertinent to many daily decisions faced by animals. Public information is a critical information source that promotes quality assessments, attained by monitoring others' performance. Here we provide the first evidence, to our knowledge, that chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) use public information to guide resource selection. Thirty-two chimpanzees were presented with two simultaneous video demonstrations depicting a conspecific acquiring resources at a fast (resource-rich) or slow (resource-poor) rate. Subsequently, subjects selected the resource-rich site above chance expectation. As a comparison, we report evidence of public information use in young children. Investigation of public information use in primates is pertinent, as it can enhance foraging success and potentially facilitate payoff-biased social learning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24060244

Vale, Gill L; Flynn, Emma G; Lambeth, Susan P; Schapiro, Steven J; Kendal, Rachel L

2014-05-01

382

Public Information Use in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and Children (Homo sapiens)  

PubMed Central

The discernment of resource quality is pertinent to many daily decisions faced by animals. Public information is a critical information source that promotes quality assessments, attained by monitoring others’ performance. Here we provide the first evidence, to our knowledge, that chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) use public information to guide resource selection. Thirty-two chimpanzees were presented with two simultaneous video demonstrations depicting a conspecific acquiring resources at a fast (resource-rich) or slow (resource-poor) rate. Subsequently, subjects selected the resource-rich site above chance expectation. As a comparison, we report evidence of public information use in young children. Investigation of public information use in primates is pertinent, as it can enhance foraging success and potentially facilitate payoff-biased social learning.

Vale, Gill L.; Flynn, Emma G.; Lambeth, Susan P.; Schapiro, Steven J.; Kendal, Rachel L.

2014-01-01

383

36 CFR 1192.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD...ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 1192...announce stops and provide other passenger information within the...

2013-07-01

384

Generalized Information Theory Based on the Theory of Hints  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The aggregate uncertainty is the only known functional for Dempster-Shafer theory that generalizes the Shannon and Hartley measures and satisfies all\\u000a classical requirements for uncertainty measures, including subadditivity. Although being posed several times in the literature,\\u000a it is still an open problem whether the aggregate uncertainty is unique under these properties. This paper derives an uncertainty\\u000a measure based on the

Marc Pouly

385

Leveraging Health Information Exchange to Support Public Health Situational Awareness: The Indiana Experience  

PubMed Central

Public health situational awareness is contingent upon timely, comprehensive and accurate information from clinical systems. Ad-hoc models for sending non-standard clinical information directly to public health are inefficient and increasingly unsustainable. Information sharing models that leverage Health Information Exchanges (HIEs) are emerging. HIEs standardize, aggregate and streamline information sharing among data partners, including public health stakeholders, and HIE has supported public health practice in Indiana for more than 10 years. To accelerate nationwide adoption of HIE-supported situational awareness processes, the CDC awarded three HIEs across the nation, including Indiana, New York and Washington/Idaho. The Indiana partners included Indiana University School of Medicine, Regenstrief Institute, Indiana Health Information Exchange, Indiana State Department of Health, Health & Hospital Corporation of Marion County, and Children’s Hospital Boston. Activities included augmenting biosurveillance processes, enabling bi-directional communication, enhancing automated detection of notifiable conditions, and demonstrating technological advances at national forums. HIE transactions destined for public health were enhanced with standardized clinical vocabulary and more complete physician contact information. During the 2009 H1N1 flu outbreak, the HIE delivered targeted public health broadcast messages to providers in Marion County, Indiana. We will review the partnership characteristics, activities, accomplishments and future directions for our health information exchange.

Grannis, Shaun J.; Stevens, Kevin C.; Merriwether, Ricardo

2010-01-01

386

36 CFR 902.21 - Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information that affects the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive...CORPORATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT Publication in the Federal Register § 902.21 Publication in the Federal Register shall be...

2013-07-01

387

A comparative study of worker and general public risks from nuclear facility operation using MACCS2  

SciTech Connect

Over the last five years, the US Department of Energy (DOE) has attempted to establish quantitative risk indices as minimum acceptance criteria for assurance of safe operation of its nuclear facilities. The risk indices serve as aiming points or targets to include consideration of all aspects of operation including normal conditions as well as abnormal, design basis events, and beyond-design basis events. Although initial focus of the application of these safety targets had been on DOE`s reactors, more recent assessments have also considered non-reactor facilities including those encompassing storage and nuclear processing activities. Regardless of the facility`s primary function, accident progression, event tree/fault tree logic models, and probabilistic (dose) consequence assessment model must be implemented to yield a fully integrated analysis of facility operation. The primary tool for probabilistic consequence assessment in the US is the MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System (MACCS). In this study, two version of MACCS are applied to representative source terms developed in the safety analysis associated with a waste processing facility at the Westinghouse Savannah River Company`s (WSRC`s) Savannah River Site (SRS). The MACCS versions are used to estimate population dose and subsequent health effects to workers and the general public from the SRS referenced facility operation. When combined with the frequency of occurrence evaluation, the margin of compliance with the safety targets may be quantified.

East, J.M.; O`Kula, K.R.

1994-10-01

388

75 FR 60457 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension...SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part...invites the general public and other Federal...and to the Federal Communications Commission via email...Fund Management, Administration, and...

2010-09-30

389

Epilepsy: General Information. Fact Sheet Number 6 = La Epilepsia: Informacion General. Fact Sheet Number 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet on epilepsy is offered in both English and Spanish. It provides a definition, information on incidence, typical characteristics, and educational implications. It notes that epilepsy is classified as "other health impaired" under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and that students with epilepsy are eligible for special…

Interstate Research Associates, McLean, VA.

390

Autism: General Information. Fact Sheet Number 1 = Autismo: Informacion General. Fact Sheet Number 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet on autism is offered in both English and Spanish, and is the same in both languages although numbered differently. It provides a definition, information on incidence, typical characteristics, and educational implications. It notes that autism is listed as a separate category under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.…

Interstate Research Associates, McLean, VA.

391

Reference Services for Children: Information Needs and Wants in the Public Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As information literacy becomes vital to functioning effectively in today's world, the public library has a responsibility in ensuring that the specific information and reference needs of children are adequately addressed. Children as reference clients require skilled and considered assistance to locate information relevant to both their perceived…

Brown, Anita

2004-01-01

392

Information Sharing and Credit Rationing: Evidence from the Introduction of a Public Credit Registry  

Microsoft Academic Search

We provide the first evidence on how the introduction of information sharing via a public credit registry affects banks’ lending decisions. We employ a unique dataset containing detailed information on credit card applications and decisions from one of the leading banks in China. While we do not find that information sharing decreases credit rationing on average, the distribution of granted

Xiaoqiang Cheng; Hans Degryse

2010-01-01

393

US government information: selected current issues in public access vs. private competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web information systems are having a profound effect on the way information is being disseminated today. Current technological advances have caused many government agencies to re-evaluate their practice of contracting with private sector vendors who have traditionally repackaged and marketed the agency's raw data. These new opportunities for government agencies wishing to make information publicly accessible have blurred the traditional

Susan McMullen

2000-01-01

394

IT Enactment of new Public Management: the Case Study of Health Information Systems in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last twenty years most African Governments have embarked on health sector reforms sponsored by international partners. Conceived under New Public Management, the majority of these reforms leverage information technology to decentralise hierarchical structures into more information efficient organizations. The paper illustrates the case study of health management information systems in Kenya in order to better understand how the

Roberta Bernardi

2009-01-01

395

Healthcare information delivery in public libraries: implications for academic reference librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in the US healthcare system in the past 20 years have meant increasing pressure on consumers to find their own healthcare information. Their search, amid an ever-widening array of information resources, has profound implications for library reference services. A recent study of 350 public librarians in Michigan is, to date, the only investigation of librarian practices in health information

Lothar Spang; Lynda M. Baker

2000-01-01

396

Multitasking Information Behaviour in Public Libraries: A Survey Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multitasking information behaviour is the human ability to handle the demands of multiple information tasks concurrently. When we multitask, we work on two or more tasks and switch between those tasks. Multitasking is the way most of us deal with the complex environment we all live in, and recent studies show that people often engage in…

Spink, Amanda; Alvarado-Albertorio, Frances; Narayan, Bhuva; Brumfield, Jean; Park, Minsoo

2007-01-01

397

Orem Public Library Information/Reference Service Library User Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to measure library users' reactions to the physical characteristics and the information and treatment received at the Orem (Utah) Library information desk. Over a 3-day period, a questionnaire designed by the researchers was distributed to 207 users, ages 11 and over, as they left the library. The results were…

Campbell, Dana; And Others

398

Revisiting public information management for effective e-government services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments are employing modern information and communication technologies to serve society better. Raising the effectiveness and quality of government services is not only a matter of new technologies; it also involves clear vision and objectives as well as a sound business strategy. Information systems need to support internal work within a government’s boundaries, serve customers through digital interfaces and leverage

Dimitrios S. Stamoulis; Dimitris Gouscos; Panagiotis Georgiadis; Drakoulis Martakos

2001-01-01

399

General Information about Learning Disabilities (Fact Sheet Number 7) = Informacion General sobre Impedimentos en el Aprendizaje (Fact Sheet Number 19).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…

Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

400

[Ambulatory surgery clinic in a public general hospital. Organization and results].  

PubMed

In surgery a day care clinic is defined as an institution in which patients undergo elective operations the day of their admission and are discharged within 24 h after surgery. An important goal of day care surgery is to avoid unnecessary hospitalisations however providing the patient with the same quality of treatment and personal satisfaction. This presentation describes the patients selection, information and follow-up, the organization of the day care system, the computerized quality control and the medical outcome. Our experience is based on a 2-year period of day care surgery in a general community hospital. The results of 581 consecutively operated, not selected, patients are presented. Quality control was performed for all patients during their stay at the day care unit, and for 98.5% as follow-up control by the General Practitioners. The most frequent operations were: arthroscopies, meniscectomies, removals of implants after osteosynthesis, decompressions of peripheral nerves, large excisions of skin-tumors, bursectomies, reconstructions of torn ligaments, hernial repairs, strippings of varicose veins, hemorrhoidectomies and operations of the anal and genital region. We present the patients age, the type of anesthesia, the type of operation, eventual complications (in clinic, 24 hours after discharge and at the end of the treatment), the medical results as well as the costs of the after-treatment. PMID:9312395

Scheidegger, A; Biaggi, J

1996-01-01

401

IFLA General Conference, 1984. Libraries Serving the General Public Division. Section on Libraries for the Blind. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on library services and developments in reading materials for the blind and disabled presented at the 1984 IFLA general conference include: (1) "The Establishment of a Library Service to Visually Handicapped People in African Developing Countries" (Paulli Thomsen, Denmark); (2) "Sources of Assistance for Establishing Braille Facilities"…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

402

Information for the Public | Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

AACR is the oldest and largest scientific organization in the world focused on every aspect of high-quality, innovative cancer research. Its reputation for scientific breadth and excellence attract the premier researchers in the field. The programs and services of AACR foster the exchange of knowledge and new ideas among scientists dedicated to cancer research, provide training opportunities for the next generation of cancer researchers, and increase public understanding of cancer.

403

The regulatory and legal framework of information security and right to access information in Government, Local Government and Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of successful model of Government, Local Government and Public Services (GLGPS) in Croatia is based on the development of regulatory and legal framework to protect the rights of access to information. Nowadays, information security is becoming the most important issue in development of electronic administration. In this paper the authors will give an overview of the fundamentals of regulatory

Slavko Simundic; Marija Boban; Zoran Sinkovic

2010-01-01

404

Public Information Influences Sperm Transfer to Females in Sailfin Molly Males  

PubMed Central

In animals, including humans, the social environment can serve as a public information network in which individuals can gather public information about the quality of potential mates by observing conspecifics during sexual interactions. The observing individual itself is also a part of this information network. When recognized by the observed conspecifics as an audience, his/her presence could influence the sexual interaction between those individuals, because the observer might be considered as a potential mate or competitor. One of the most challenging questions in sexual selection to date is how the use of public information in the context of mate choice is linked to the fitness of individuals. Here, we could show that public information influences mate-choice behaviour in sailfin molly males, Poecilia latipinna, and influences the amount of sperm males transfer to a female partner. In the presence of an audience male, males spent less time with the previously preferred, larger of two females and significantly more time with the previously non-preferred, smaller female. When males could physically interact with a female and were faced with an audience male, three audience females or no audience, males transferred significantly more sperm to a female partner in the presence of an audience male than with female audience or no audience and spent less time courting his female partner. This is the first study showing that public information use turns into fitness investment, which is the crucial factor to understand the role of public information in the dynamic processes in sexual selection.

Nobel, Sabine; Witte, Klaudia

2013-01-01

405

76 FR 38200 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...agencies to submit financial information annually to HUD. The Uniform Financial Reporting Standards...generally accepted accounting principles, in a prescribed...to HUD. The Uniform Financial Reporting Standards...generally accepted accounting principles, in a...

2011-06-29

406

76 FR 36565 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...agencies to submit financial information annually to HUD. The Uniform Financial Reporting Standards...generally accepted accounting principles, in a prescribed...to HUD. The Uniform Financial Reporting Standards...generally accepted accounting principles, in a...

2011-06-22

407

76 FR 39418 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...agencies to submit financial information annually to HUD. The Uniform Financial Reporting Standards...generally accepted accounting principles, in a prescribed...to HUD. The Uniform Financial Reporting Standards...generally accepted accounting principles, in a...

2011-07-06

408

IFLA General Conference, 1986. Libraries Serving the General Public Division. Section: Library Services to Multicultural/Multilingual Populations. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on library services to multicultural and multilingual populations presented at the 1986 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "The Use of New Technologies to Foster Literacy among Minorities" (Shmuel Sever, Israel); (2) "Information Services for Culturally Suppressed Groups" (Elaine Kempson, United…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The Hague (Netherlands).

409

36 CFR 1250.54 - General information on fees for NARA operational records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-07-01 true General information on fees for NARA operational records. 1250.54 Section 1250... § 1250.54 General information on fees for NARA operational records. (a) NARA is able to make most of its records available...

2013-07-01

410

49 CFR 8.27 - Public availability of declassified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Office of the Secretary of Transportation CLASSIFIED INFORMATION: CLASSIFICATION/DECLASSIFICATION...In furtherance of this policy, all classified material produced after June 1...destroying the integrity of the Department's files, all such material will be...

2013-10-01

411

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Section 38.35 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AMERICANS WITH...SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems...stops and provide other passenger information...

2013-10-01

412

Dissemination of AGARD Information and Publications in the Netherlands.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The system for disseminating AGARD information as it is developed in the Netherlands, is of course entirely based on local requirements and local circumstances. The Netherlands have the advantage that all aerospace activities are located fairly closely to...

1966-01-01

413

A general method for downscaling earth resource information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A programme scripted for use in an R programming environment called dissever is presented. This programme was designed to facilitate a generalised method for downscaling coarsely resolved earth resource information using available finely gridded covariate data. Under the assumption that the relationship between the target variable being downscaled and the available covariates can be nonlinear, dissever uses weighted generalised additive models (GAMs) to drive the empirical function. An iterative algorithm of GAM fitting and adjustment attempts to optimise the downscaling to ensure that the target variable value given for each coarse grid cell equals the average of all target variable values at the fine scale in each coarse grid cell. A number of outputs needed for mapping results and diagnostic purposes are automatically generated from dissever. We demonstrate the programs' functionality by downscaling a soil organic carbon (SOC) map with 1-km by 1-km grid resolution down to a 90-m by 90-m grid resolution using available covariate information derived from a digital elevation model, Landsat ETM+ data, and airborne gamma radiometric data. dissever produced high quality results as indicated by a low weighted root mean square error between averaged 90-m SOC predictions within their corresponding 1-km grid cell (0.82 kg m-3). Additionally, from a concordance between the downscaled map and another map created using digital soil mapping methods there was a strong agreement (0.94). Future versioning of dissever will investigate quantifying the uncertainty of the downscaled outputs.

Malone, Brendan P.; McBratney, Alex B.; Minasny, Budiman; Wheeler, Ichsani

2012-04-01

414

Personalized Information Environments: Do Public Libraries Want a Slice of the PIE?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of personalized information environments (PIEs) focuses on library personalized interfaces. Describes academic library PIEs and commercial sites, such as Amazon.com that use personalization; explores the Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg's personalized interface; and discusses opportunities and challenges PIEs offer public

Worcester, Lea

2003-01-01

415

Use of Research-Based Information among Leaders of Public Health Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Researchers have identified numerous policies and programs effective in reducing public health problems, yet many of these programs and policies have not been implemented throughout communities and states. Purpose: To assess the use of research-based information among leaders in the local public health system. Methods: We conducted a…

Toomey, Traci L.; Tramel, Sarah; Erickson, Darin J.; Lenk, Kathleen M.

2009-01-01

416

Improving Information Access through Technology: A Plan for Louisiana's Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strengthening technology in Louisiana's public libraries will support equitable and convenient access to electronic information resources for all citizens at library sites, in homes, and in business. The plan presented in this document is intended to enhance and expand technology in the state's public libraries. After discussion of the crucial…

Jaques, Thomas F.

417

Bring Hidden Hazards to the Publics Attention, Understanding, and Informed Decision by Coordinating Federal Education Initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 2010 National Research Council's America's Climate Choices' report on Informing Effective Decisions and Actions Related to Climate Change concluded; ``Education and communication are among the most powerful tools the nation has to bring hidden hazards to public attention, understanding, and action.'' They conclude that the ``current and future students, the broader public, and policymakers need to understand the

F. Niepold; J. L. Karsten; M. Wei; J. Jadin

2010-01-01

418

Evaluating the Public Information: Shaping News Coverage of the Silicone Implant Controversy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines effectiveness of public information officers transmitting policy actors' frames through the media (six major newspapers) to the public during the 1991-92 silicone breast implant controversy that involved a major corporation, the medical community, and citizens' activist groups. Finds that the medical community's frame occurred most…

Andsager, Julie; Smiley, Leiott

1998-01-01

419

75 FR 21017 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Notice of Funding Availability for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...and Research, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451...INFORMATION: The Department of Housing and Urban Development will...Affected Public: Ph.D. students preparing their...

2010-04-22

420

77 FR 13128 - Agency Information Collection Request; 30-Day Public Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Beat'' campaign is a national Public Service Announcement (PSA) campaign that aims to educate, engage and empower women and...February, 2011 and includes TV, radio, print and social media PSA. This study will collect information on awareness of...

2012-03-05

421

75 FR 4042 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Survey of Public Perceptions and Attitudes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Survey of Public Perceptions and Attitudes About Hawaiian Monk Seals AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). ACTION:...

2010-01-26

422

75 FR 12239 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension Under Delegated...March 5, 2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-03-15

423

77 FR 27467 - Proposed Information Collection; Request for Public Comment: Indian Health Service Loan Repayment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Proposed Information...30 days of the date of this publication. Dated: May 4, 2012. Yvette Roubideaux, Director, Indian Health Service. [FR Doc....

2012-05-10

424

77 FR 69865 - 60-Day Proposed Information Collection; Request for Public Comment: Indian Health Service...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service 60-Day Proposed Information...60-days of the date of this publication. Dated: November 9, 2012...Roubideaux, Director, Indian Health Service. [FR Doc....

2012-11-21

425

EPIC/JANUS (Energy Information Administration's Publication and Interactive Composition System) User's Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EPIC/JANUS, the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Publication and Interactive Composition System, is a software system the allows text, tables, halftones, and graphics to be combined interactively in a single document. In essence, it automates the...

1986-01-01

426

75 FR 51853 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2011-2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2011-2013 AGENCY: Institute of Museum and Library Services, National Foundation for the...SUMMARY: The Institute of Museum and Library Service (``IMLS'') as part of...

2010-08-23

427

78 FR 37243 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2014-2016  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2014-2016 AGENCY: Institute of Museum and Library Services, National Foundation for the...SUMMARY: The Institute of Museum and Library Service (``IMLS'') as part of...

2013-06-20

428

Information Integration to Create an Infrastructure: Facilitating Public Service Provisioning in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Any e-Government exists to create and capture convenient public services, and much of these services are created through the integration of resource databases and information flows. The key question in this study is, \\

Lichun Chiang; Tsui-Chuan Hsieh

429

Assessing the Potential of PDD-68: Creating Synergy with Interagency Coordination of International Public Information (IPI).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In April of 1999 President William Clinton issued a Presidential Decision Directive: PDD-68, which outlined guidelines for International Public Information (IPI). Its purpose is to enhance the ability of the U.S. government to communicate to foreign audie...

M. W. Brough

2001-01-01

430

78 FR 48436 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary [Document Identifier: HHH-OS-20215-60D] Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Public Comment Request AGENCY:...

2013-08-08

431

Bank Regulation: Information on Independent Public Accountant Audits of Financial Institutions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document provides information to aid the assessment of the role played by public accounting firms in certifying financial statements and performing audits of financial institutions. It conducts an empirical study of six failed and open financial insti...

1986-01-01

432

78 FR 21497 - Publication of General Licenses Related to the Burma Sanctions Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...whose property and interests in property are...OFAC issued General License No. 19...HTS. (e) This general license does not...whose property and interests in property are...percent or greater interest. (d) This general license does...

2013-04-10

433

Invited commentary: How research on public school closures can inform research on public hospital closures.  

PubMed

The literature on social capital and civic engagement as they relate to health and health services outcomes is nuanced and sometimes conflicting, and has been a topic of much investigation in the pages of Social Science and Medicine. Ko et al. (2014) add to this research by considering two health services outcomes: the closure and privatization of public hospitals. We draw from education research on the role of community/civic engagement in public school closures to identify areas for future research to better understand these nuances. Qualitative research on school closures suggest that there are both well-managed and poorly managed closure decisions, and there are diverse community groups with interests in the decision who can interact with each other in nuanced ways. Furthermore, across stakeholder groups, there is not always agreement as to if closure would help or harm their students' education. We encourage health and health services researchers to glean insights from education research and other disciplines disparate but related and relevant to public health when developing research questions and considering alternative methodologies. PMID:24840783

Cohen, Alison K; Ahern, Jennifer

2014-08-01

434

Information intermediaries for emergency preparedness and response: A case study from public health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information intermediaries play a critical role in information supply chains for emergency preparedness. Yet, their responsibilities\\u000a have not been adequately examined in the literature. Using a state public health department as an exemplar, we explore the\\u000a roles and challenges experienced by one intermediary organization as it faced the unique challenges of deploying a public\\u000a health emergency preparedness system. We further

Minu Ipe; T. S. Raghu; Ajay S. Vinze

2010-01-01

435

Prevalence of active hepatitis C virus infections among general public of Lahore, Pakistan  

PubMed Central

Background To find out the prevalence of active hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among general public in Lahore city, since data concerning the prevalence of active HCV in this city is currently unavailable. Methods Blood samples were collected randomly from individuals visiting different clinical laboratories in Lahore. Serum was separated and processed by nested PCR qualitative assay for the detection of HCV RNA. The samples were categorized into different age groups on the basis of pre-test questionnaires in order to record the age-wise differences regarding the prevalence of active HCV. Data were analyzed statistically using Chi-Square test. Results Out of the 4246 blood samples analyzed in this study, 210 were confirmed to be positive for active HCV infection. Gender-wise active HCV prevalence revealed no significant difference [OR =?1.10 CI =?(0.83-1.46), p >?0.05]. However, among the age groups the highest prevalence was observed in the age groups 20–29 (7.7%) and 30–39 years (6.4%) with odds of prevalence of 14.8% (OR =?2.48, CI =?(1.40-4.38), p 59 years), a decrease in levels of active HCV prevalence was observed. Conclusions Among tested samples, 4.9% of the subjects were confirmed to harbour active HCV infections and the “middle aged” population in Lahore was found to be at a higher risk of the HCV ailments compared to both their younger and older peers.

2013-01-01

436

77 FR 53210 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Public Housing Agency Burden...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1-800-877-8339). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Colette Pollard, Reports Management Officer, QDAM, Department...Street SW., Washington, DC 20410; email Colette Pollard at Colette. Pollard@hud.gov. or telephone (202) [[Page...

2012-08-31

437

77 FR 55488 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Study of Public Housing Agencies...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...202-395-5806. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Colette Pollard, Reports Management Officer, QDAM, Department...Street SW., Washington, DC 20410; email Colette Pollard at Colette.Pollard@hud.gov or telephone (202) 402-3400....

2012-09-10

438

General information to obtain spherical particles with ordered mesoporous structures.  

PubMed

Conditions for the synthesis of aluminum organophosphonate (AOP) and aluminophosphate (AlPO) spheres containing periodic mesopores were optimized and demonstrated to be general morphological controls for the surfactant-assisted synthesis of mesoporous materials. High-quality AOP and AlPO spheres with uniform mesopores were obtained at low and high temperatures, respectively. The aerosol-assisted synthesis of materials with uniform mesopores was categorized by using the difference in relative density of soluble AOP and AlPO oligomers that interact with ethylene oxide (EO) units in EO(n)PO(m)EO(n) triblock copolymer (PO=propylene oxide). Then, ordered mesoporous structures are constructed with the adequate amount of species in resultant frameworks, and the number of interactive points in soluble species determines the resultant density of the frameworks after self-assembly. Consequently, temperature-dependent synthesis, which allows controlled infiltration of soluble species to match the density of resultant frameworks, is required for the formation of ordered mesoporous structures under morphological control. PMID:23086718

Kimura, Tatsuo; Yamauchi, Yusuke

2013-01-01

439

Promoting Student Success: What the Media and the General Public Need to Know. Occasional Paper No. 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To aid members of the news media in looking at the issues of quality in postsecondary education, the authors of the recently published "Student Success in College: Creating Conditions that Matter" distill some useful factors for the media and the general public to use in assessing the quality of education at four-year colleges and universities.…

Kuh, George D.; Kinzie, Jillian

2005-01-01

440

The Science of Pizza: The Molecular Origins of Cheese, Bread, and Digestion Using Interactive Activities for the General Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe a presentation on the science of pizza, which is designed for the general public including children ages 6 and older. The presentation focuses on the science of making and digesting cheese and bread. We highlight 4 major scientific themes: (1) how macromolecules such as carbohydrates and proteins are composed of atoms and small…

Rowat, Amy C.; Rosenberg, Daniel; Hollar, Kathryn A.; Stone, Howard A.

2010-01-01

441

AIDS Education: Activities Aimed at the General Public Implemented Slowly. Report to the Honorable Barbara Boxer, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a Congressional concern over delays in implementing a thorough, effective national Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) education program, six aspects of the Centers for Disease Control's (CDC) AIDS education program for the general public were reviewed: (1) CDC AIDS education budget and expenditures; (2) delays in the…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

442

59 FR- Federal Radiation Protection Guidance for Exposure of the General Public; Notice ENVIRONMENTAL...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...important influence in their...meant that attention has been...of public exposure to radiation...understanding of the effects of ionizing...involving exposure to radiation...biological effects of radiation...associated with exposures that may...process and in influencing the public...influence the exposure of the...

1994-12-23

443

75 FR 15741 - Information Collection; Request for Public Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electronic mail comments may be submitted to: Gilbert Tran at hai_m._tran@omb.eop...202-395-3952. Comments may be mailed to Gilbert Tran, Office of Federal Financial Management...record. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gilbert Tran, Office of Federal Financial...

2010-03-30

444

78 FR 27259 - Information Collection; Request for Public Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electronic mail comments may be submitted to: Gilbert Tran at hai_m._tran@omb.eop...202-395-3952. Comments may be mailed to Gilbert Tran, Office of Federal Financial Management...record. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gilbert Tran, Office of Federal Financial...

2013-05-09

445

78 FR 69451 - Information Collection; Request for Public Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electronic mail comments may be submitted to: Gilbert Tran at hai_m._tran@omb.eop...202-395-3952. Comments may be mailed to Gilbert Tran, Office of Federal Financial Management...record. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gilbert Tran, Office of Federal Financial...

2013-11-19

446

Air Pollution, A Scientists' Institute for Public Information Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documentation is given on the known and potential effects of air pollution on human health, weather conditions, and biosphere. Practical applications of this information are discussed, with special reference to the Federal Air Quality Act and to the planning of urban expressways. Problems in defining standards of air quality are discussed.…

Nadler, Allen A.; And Others

447

Resistance to Information Technology in Public Procurement in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizations have become more dependent on information technology (IT) in the 21st century. But IT implementation and use is resisted in certain sectors of Tanzania, particularly in government-run enterprises. The purpose of this study was to investigate the causes and consequences of resistance to IT development and implementation in the…

Nditi, Christopher

2010-01-01

448

Family Day Care: Current Research for Informed Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents reviews and analyses from a variety of disciplinary perspectives that place American and Canadian family day care in a historical, demographic, social, and economic context. The 15 chapters are: (1) "Family Day Care: Issues and Information Needs" (Donald Peters and Alan Pence); (2) "Historical Perspectives on Familial and…

Peters, Donald L., Ed.; Pence, Alan R., Ed.

449

Strategizing for Public Policy: The Information Literacy State Proclamation Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project designed to raise the awareness of policymakers about the importance of information literacy to achieve societal goals. Issues benefit from the governmental support, prioritization, mandates, and funding that can result when there is policy behind them. Studies indicate that many people lack the ability to draw on…

Weiner, Sharon A.; Jackman, Lana W.; Prause, Emily

2013-01-01

450

Training for public information officers in communication to reduce health disparities: a needs assessment.  

PubMed

Government public information officers and risk communicators bear the burden for reaching all Americans with public health and emergency messages. To assess needs specifically regarding communication to reduce health disparities, an Internet survey is made available to members of the National Public Health Information Coalition. Respondents are asked to rate their own needs at their level of organizational responsibility as well as the needs of staff whom they may be supervising on 25 communication and cultural competencies. Multicultural understanding, culturally appropriate message development, and ways to better collaborate with diverse populations are identified as communication competencies in which more training is especially needed. PMID:20539021

Golding, Lenette; Rubin, Donald

2011-05-01

451

Public Health Assessment for General Electric Site-Former Oxbows (a/k/a GE-Housatonic River) Pittsfield, Berkshire County, Massachusetts. EPA Facility ID: MAD002084093.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Former Oxbows site of the General Electric (GE) site in Pittsfield, Massachusetts is one of 10 areas being evaluated in separate public health assessments and health consultations. In addition, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) is c...

2003-01-01

452

Public Health Assessment for General Electric Site-Lyman Street (a/k/a GE-Housatonic River) Pittsfield, Berkshire County, Massachusetts. EPA Facility ID: MAD002084093.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Lyman Street site of the General Electric (GE) site in Pittsfield, Massachusetts is one of 10 areas being evaluated in separate public health assessments and health consultations. In addition, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) is co...

2003-01-01

453

Public Health Assessment for General Electric Site-Unkamet Brook(a/k/a GE-Housatonic River) Pittsfield, Berkshire County, Massachusetts. EPA Facility ID: MAD002084093.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Unkamet Brook Area site of the General Electric (GE) site in Pittsfield, Massachusetts is one of 10 areas being evaluated in separate public health assessments and health consultations. In addition, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH)...

2003-01-01

454

Development and Assessment of a Public Health Alert Delivered through a Community Health Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Timely communication of information to health care providers during a public health event can improve overall response to such events. However, current methods for sending information to providers are inefficient and costly. Local health departments have traditionally used labor-intensive, mail-based processes to send public health alerts to the provider community. This article describes a novel approach for delivering public health alerts to providers by leveraging an electronic clinical messaging system within the context of a health information exchange. Alerts included notifications related to the 2009 H1N1 flu epidemic, a syphilis outbreak, and local rabies exposure. We describe the process for sending electronic public health alerts and the estimated impact on efficiency and cost effectiveness.

Gamache, Roland; Stevens, Kevin C.; Merriwether, Rico; Dixon, Brian E.; Grannis, Shaun

2010-01-01

455

Beyond information access: Support for complex cognitive activities in public health informatics tools  

PubMed Central

Public health professionals work with a variety of information sources to carry out their everyday activities. In recent years, interactive computational tools have become deeply embedded in such activities. Unlike the early days of computational tool use, the potential of tools nowadays is not limited to simply providing access to information; rather, they can act as powerful mediators of human-information discourse, enabling rich interaction with public health information. If public health informatics tools are designed and used properly, they can facilitate, enhance, and support the performance of complex cognitive activities that are essential to public health informatics, such as problem solving, forecasting, sense-making, and planning. However, the effective design and evaluation of public health informatics tools requires an understanding of the cognitive and perceptual issues pertaining to how humans work and think with information to perform such activities. This paper draws on research that has examined some of the relevant issues, including interaction design, complex cognition, and visual representations, to offer some human-centered design and evaluation considerations for public health informatics tools.

Sedig, Kamran; Parsons, Paul; Dittmer, Mark; Ola, Oluwakemi

2012-01-01

456

General psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews 22 works on psychopathology (1914-1916). There have been a number of publications dealing with general or theoretical psychopathology. Some of them deal with newer notions of certain mental disorders; others attempt to provide complete information regarding them. The books include works on cortex lesions in anomalies of dementia praecox, pathological liars and swindlers, anti-social groups, the psychology of the

E. E. Southard

1916-01-01

457

Understanding the information needs of public health practitioners: A literature review to inform design of an interactive digital knowledge management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The need for rapid access to information to support critical decisions in public health cannot be disputed; however, development of such systems requires an understanding,of the actual information,needs of public health professionals. This paper reports the results of a literature review focused,on the information,needs of public health professionals. The authors reviewed,the public health literature to answer,the following questions: (1)

Debra Revere; Anne M. Turner; Ann Madhavan; Neil Rambo; Paul F. Bugni; Annmarie Kimball; Sherrilynne S. Fuller

2007-01-01

458

Information infrastructures and public goods: Analytical and practical implications for SDI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) are envisioned to increase efficiency, transparency and equity, but realising this potential has proven problematic. We argue that insights from studies of large-scale, integrated but distributed information systems, dubbed “information infrastructures” are applicable. This perspective may help address an important dimension of SDIs: their character of being public goods rather than private assets. We identify and

Margunn Aanestad; Eric Monteiro; Petter Nielsen

2007-01-01

459

St. Lucia, West Indies Ministry of Education Public Library & Information Services: A Status Report with Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report assesses the current stage of program development in the branch libraries of the Saint Lucia Public Library and Information System (PLIS), based on data collected during September-December 1997 using a branch library questionnaire, site visits, and informal surveys of library users. The vision and philosophical statements used to frame…

Brown, Gerald R., Comp.

460

Building the national health information infrastructure for personal health, health care services, public health, and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Improving health in our nation requires strengthening four major domains of the health care system: personal health management, health care delivery, public health, and health-related research. Many avoidable shortcomings in the health sector that result in poor quality are due to inaccessible data, information, and knowledge. A national health information infrastructure (NHII) offers the connectivity and knowledge management essential

Don E Detmer

2003-01-01

461

Factors Affecting the Provision of Consumer Health Information in Public Libraries: The Last Five Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 2000 and 2005 several changes have created an impact on libraries that provide consumer health information to the public. They include increased Internet connectivity; quality and amount of consumer health information available; realization that American lifestyles are lead- ing to health problems; maturation of the consumer health movement and greater acceptance of it among health care professionals; emphasis on

Mary L. Gillaspy

462

Information Technology Governance, Funding and Structure: A Case Analysis of a Public University in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper's purpose is to investigate the issues of IT governance, funding and structure of a public university in Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach: The study uses a case study approach, i.e. a series of interviews with users and information services provider of campus information system. Findings: The university lacks a common…

Ismail, Noor Azizi

2008-01-01

463

77 FR 47922 - Publication of General Licenses Related to the Burma Sanctions Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a 50 percent or greater interest. (d) This general license does not authorize...a 50 percent or greater interest. (d) This general license does not authorize...person whose property and interests in property are...

2012-08-10

464

Generalized lattice graphs for 2D-visualization of biological information.  

PubMed

Several graph representations have been introduced for different data in theoretical biology. For instance, complex networks based on Graph theory are used to represent the structure and/or dynamics of different large biological systems such as protein-protein interaction networks. In addition, Randic, Liao, Nandy, Basak, and many others developed some special types of graph-based representations. This special type of graph includes geometrical constrains to node positioning in space and adopts final geometrical shapes that resemble lattice-like patterns. Lattice networks have been used to visually depict DNA and protein sequences but they are very flexible. However, despite the proved efficacy of new lattice-like graph/networks to represent diverse systems, most works focus on only one specific type of biological data. This work proposes a generalized type of lattice and illustrates how to use it in order to represent and compare biological data from different sources. We exemplify the following cases: protein sequence; mass spectra (MS) of protein peptide mass fingerprints (PMF); molecular dynamic trajectory (MDTs) from structural studies; mRNA microarray data; single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs); 1D or 2D-Electrophoresis study of protein polymorphisms and protein-research patent and/or copyright information. We used data available from public sources for some examples but for other, we used experimental results reported herein for the first time. This work may break new ground for the application of Graph theory in theoretical biology and other areas of biomedical sciences. PMID:19646452

González-Díaz, H; Pérez-Montoto, L G; Duardo-Sanchez, A; Paniagua, E; Vázquez-Prieto, S; Vilas, R; Dea-Ayuela, M A; Bolas-Fernández, F; Munteanu, C R; Dorado, J; Costas, J; Ubeira, F M

2009-11-01

465

BOPCRIS: British Official Publications Collaborative Reader Information Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed as part of the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP), BOPCRIS is a prototype service designed to help researchers save time by providing a Web-based bibliographic database of 19th- and 20th-century British Official Publications. Of the more than 200,000 Parliamentary papers in partner libraries, BOPCRIS focuses on approximately 16,000 key documents from 1833 to 1983. Users can browse the records by date or subject, search by keyword, or conduct an advanced search with a number of modifiers. Entries include Title, Series, Bound Set Volume Number, Paper/Bill Number, Publisher, and Date Published. At present, detailed abstracts are available for all of the 1900-1916 records and many of those from 1917-1939. Future plans for the site include abstracts for all of the documents indexed, listings of the nearest location of relevant documents, and digitized, full-text versions of selected documents. Any scholar of 19th- and 20th-century Britain who uses official documents will warmly welcome this site, which is another example of the Web's potential for helping researchers discover and locate important resources before they set foot out of their own doors.

466

Essential health information available for India in the public domain on the internet  

PubMed Central

Background Health information and statistics are important for planning, monitoring and improvement of the health of populations. However, the availability of health information in developing countries is often inadequate. This paper reviews the essential health information available readily in the public domain on the internet for India in order to broadly assess its adequacy and inform further development. Methods The essential sources of health-related information for India were reviewed. An extensive search of relevant websites and the PubMed literature database was conducted to identify the sources. For each essential source the periodicity of the data collection, the information it generates, the geographical level at which information is reported, and its availability in the public domain on the internet were assessed. Results The available information related to non-communicable diseases and injuries was poor. This is a significant gap as India is undergoing an epidemiological transition with these diseases/conditions accounting for a major proportion of disease burden. Information on infrastructure and human resources was primarily available for the public health sector, with almost none for the private sector which provides a large proportion of the health services in India. Majority of the information was available at the state level with almost negligible at the district level, which is a limitation for the practical implementation of health programmes at the district level under the proposed decentralisation of health services in India. Conclusion This broad review of the essential health information readily available in the public domain on the internet for India highlights that the significant gaps related to non-communicable diseases and injuries, private health sector and district level information need to be addressed to further develop an effective health information system in India.

Raban, Magdalena Z; Dandona, Rakhi; Dandona, Lalit

2009-01-01

467

Agenda Setting in Greece: Press, Party and Public Agendas in the 2004 General Election  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agenda-setting theory has evolved significantly over the years. In its traditional, classical definition, the agenda-setting theory is concerned with the transfer of salience of issues from the mass media to the public agenda. Further studies have examined in more detail the contingent conditions that enhance or reduce the agenda-setting effects on the public by focusing on the substantial effects of

Chrysa Lamprinakou

468

The Generalization of Mutual Information as the Information between a Set of Variables: The Information Correlation Function Hierarchy and the Information Structure of Multi-Agent Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The topic of this paper is a hierarchy of information-like functions, here named the information correlation functions, where each function of the hierarchy may be thought of as the information between the variables it depends upon. The information correlation functions are particularly suited to the description of the emergence of complex behaviors due to many- body or many-agent processes. They are particularly well suited to the quantification of the decomposition of the information carried among a set of variables or agents, and its subsets. In more graphical language, they provide the information theoretic basis for understanding the synergistic and non-synergistic components of a system, and as such should serve as a forceful toolkit for the analysis of the complexity structure of complex many agent systems. The information correlation functions are the natural generalization to an arbitrary number of sets of variables of the sequence starting with the entropy function (one set of variables) and the mutual information function (two sets). We start by describing the traditional measures of information (entropy) and mutual information.

Wolf, David R.

2004-01-01

469

EPA Publications Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site, located off of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) search page, simplifies finding EPA publications. Users can search by document number, title, or keyword. Search returns include a brief abstract, URL, and reference to document format (HTML or .pdf). The site also offers a Guide to EPA Publication Numbers and more information about EPA publications in general.

470

Health Sciences Information Tools 2000: a cooperative health sciences library/public school information literacy program for medical assistant students.  

PubMed Central

Educating diverse groups in how to access, use, and evaluate information available through information technologies is emerging as an essential responsibility for health sciences librarians in today's complex health care system. One group requiring immediate attention is medical assistants. Projections indicate that medical assistant careers will be among the fastest growing occupations in the twenty-first century. The expanding use and importance of information in all health care settings requires that this workforce be well versed in information literacy skills. But, for public school vocational education staff charged with educating entry level workers to meet this specialized demand, the expense of hiring qualified professionals and acquiring the sophisticated technology necessary to teach such skills poses a dilemma. Health Sciences Information Tools 2000, a cooperative work-study information literacy program jointly formulated by the Wayne State University's Shiffman Medical Library and the Detroit Public Schools' Crockett Career and Technical Center, demonstrates that cooperation between the health sciences library and the public school is a mutually beneficial and constructive solution. This article describes the background, goals, curriculum, personnel, costs, and evaluation methods of Tools 2000. The Shiffman-Crockett information literacy program, adaptable to a variety of library settings, is an innovative means of preparing well-trained high school vocational education students for beginning level medical assistant positions as well as further education in the health care field.

Spang, L; Marks, E; Adams, N

1998-01-01

471

40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false General provisions for confidentiality claims. 725.80 Section...PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information...80 General provisions for confidentiality claims. (a) A...

2010-07-01

472

40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false General provisions for confidentiality claims. 725.80 Section...PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information...80 General provisions for confidentiality claims. (a) A...

2009-07-01

473

15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected locations, and the role of...ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL REGULATIONS COMPLEMENTARY ACCESS § 784.1 Complementary access:...

2010-01-01

474

15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected locations, and the role of...ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL REGULATIONS COMPLEMENTARY ACCESS § 784.1 Complementary access:...

2009-01-01

475

76 FR 78010 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Contract...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...February 13, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Dana Munson, Procurement Analyst, General Services Acquisition Policy Division, at (202) 357-9652 or via email to dana.munson@gsa.gov. ADDRESSES: Submit comments...

2011-12-15

476

Ethics of HIV testing in general practice without informed consent: a case series  

PubMed Central

This case series presents two general practice cases where HIV testing occurred, or results suggestive of HIV were received, before informed consent was obtained. Bioethical and professional principles are used to explore these dilemmas.

Fraser, J

2005-01-01

477

Building capacity for evidence informed decision making in public health: a case study of organizational change  

PubMed Central

Background Core competencies for public health in Canada require proficiency in evidence informed decision making (EIDM). However, decision makers often lack access to information, many workers lack knowledge and skills to conduct systematic literature reviews, and public health settings typically lack infrastructure to support EIDM activities. This research was conducted to explore and describe critical factors and dynamics in the early implementation of one public health unit's strategic initiative to develop capacity to make EIDM standard practice. Methods This qualitative case study was conducted in one public health unit in Ontario, Canada between 2008 and 2010. In-depth information was gathered from two sets of semi-structured interviews and focus groups (n = 27) with 70 members of the health unit, and through a review of 137 documents. Thematic analysis was used to code the key informant and document data. Results The critical factors and dynamics for building EIDM capacity at an organizational level included: clear vision and strong leadership, workforce and skills development, ability to access research (library services), fiscal investments, acquisition and development of technological resources, a knowledge management strategy, effective communication, a receptive organizational culture, and a focus on change management. Conclusion With leadership, planning, commitment and substantial investments, a public health department has made significant progress, within the first two years of a 10-year initiative, towards achieving its goal of becoming an evidence informed decision making organization.

2012-01-01

478

47 CFR 73.673 - Public information initiatives regarding educational and informational programming for children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Television Broadcast Stations § 73...informational programming for children. Each commercial television broadcast station licensee...designed to educate and inform children to publishers of...

2009-10-01

479

47 CFR 73.673 - Public information initiatives regarding educational and informational programming for children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Television Broadcast Stations § 73...informational programming for children. Each commercial television broadcast station licensee...designed to educate and inform children to publishers of...

2010-10-01

480

Contribution to the public information on seismic and volcanic hazard in the Azores region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Natural disasters such as tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides are major phenomena that witness the power of our planet and are a signal of its constant evolution. Their occurrence is well documented in the evolution of the Azores archipelago and is well recorded in the last hundreds and thousands of years, not only in the islands geological history but also in the submarine environment. So this region has unique characteristics regarding volcanism, seismicity and other geological risks allowing it to be a natural laboratory for the advance of the scientific knowledge in these domains. And the main achievements should be disseminated to the public, using the recent world wide web tools. The Azores archipelago is located in the North Atlantic in a region dominated by the triple junction between North American, Eurasian, Nubian lithospheric plates, whose boundaries are the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, the Terceira Rift and the Gloria Fault. Besides and is the site of important magmatic processes. This region is also the place where importante magmatic processes are going on. Due to its geodynamic setting the Azores archipelago has been affected in the past at least by 28 volcanic eruptions and 25 destructive earthquakes. The main objective of this work is to inform and help the Azorean population to understand their vulnerability to some geological hazards based in what happened in the past and what might happen in the future, providing them the proper awareness about the existing risk in the region. For this proposal all available information about historic earthquakes and volcanic eruptions was selected and summarized considering its relevance for thematic contents preparation. Predefined templates and content homogeneity were taken into account as well as the use of a rigorous and accessible scientific language for the promotion of a scientific culture and knowledge dissemination. For destructive earthquakes a database was prepared, containing the characteristics associated to each event, like date, epicentral locations, magnitudes and other elements and it was also included isoseismal maps. A database with the information relative to each historical eruption, like starting date, location of the eruptive centers, types of eruption, brief description of the eruptive activity, VEI, magnitudes and other elements that characterize and are helpful to understand the eruption and its associated risk. The Azores active volcanoes were also included in a database where is resumed all the significant information about each volcano or volcanic system such as their location, eruptive activity and a brief reference to its eruptive history. This information is accessible for all population, including local authorities and public in general in the CVARG website (www.cvarg.azores.gov.pt), contributing for the dissemination of volcanic and seismic hazard and risk and turning possible the increase of public awareness and the promotion of a safety education for natural disasters contributing for the risk mitigation.

Medeiros, Ana; Ferreira, Teresa; Gaspar, João. Luis; Queiroz, Maria Gabriela

2010-05-01

481

Explaining the unique societal aspects of nuclear electricity to the general adult public  

SciTech Connect

As pointed out at the June 1993 American Nuclear Society'annual meeting, electricity is a form of energy, not a primary source; is perceived by the public in the manner of a black box (i.e., just having inputs and outputs); and can be produced by using any of many sources. Because the price differential of these sources tends to be small, the public cannot see any [open quotes]benefits[close quotes] of nuclear electricity and tends to focus on the worst case of the outputs. Only recently, the public concern with electro-magnetic fields resulted from the perception that the effects of electricity extend past the wires - i.e., escaped the black box. Thus, an understandable explanation of a nuclear-electricity plant needs to include factors external to the plant.

Cramer, E.N. (Southern California Edison Co., San Clemente, CA (United States))

1993-01-01

482

20 CFR 364.3 - Publication of missing children information in the Railroad Retirement Board's in-house...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Publication of missing children information in the Railroad Retirement Board's in-house publications. 364.3 Section 364.3 Employees...RECOVERY OF MISSING CHILDREN § 364.3 Publication of missing children information...

2013-04-01

483

Application of VPN technique in the construction of public health information system.  

PubMed

Data communication and sharing of five level network of Public Health Information System, i.e. nation, province, district (city), county, and town, as far as to the countryside level were described, and how to apply the three solutions, i.e. Access VPN, Intranet VPN, and Extranet VPN of VPN technique to achieve the appropriation of the public network was also presented. PMID:16463690

Hu, Xianming; Deng, Yongzhi; Lu, Zhuxun; Li, Shukai; Wang, Guoping; Lu, Suqin

2005-01-01

484

Information on drug use in the elderly: A comparison of pharmacy, general- practitioner and patient data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management of pharmacotherapy by the pharmacist and the general practitioner can be a difficult task in elderly patients in whom there is a high concomitant, long-term drug use. Adequate information on drug use is essential in managing pharmacotherapy as well as in an accurate assessment of drug exposure in pharmacoepidemiologic studies. In this study data from computerized pharmacy records, general-practitioner

Eibert R. Heerdink; Hubert G. Leufkens; Corrie Koppedraaijer; Albert Bakker

1995-01-01

485

General Education in Library and/or Information Science Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature on general education in higher education generally and in library and/or information science education and training specifically, is reviewed. Drawing from this review and from the findings of an empirical study conducted in South Africa, this article discusses curriculum development in LIS education and training in both the university…

Raju, J.

2004-01-01

486

Loading the Database of Topographic Objects Bdot10k with the Data from Public Registers, Supported by Digital Generalization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The article presents legal and technological conditions of creating and maintaining the database of topographic objects (baza danych obiektów topograficznych - BDOT10k). A particular attention in paid on the adjustment (harmonization) of a new base from already existing public registers. The stage of harmonization considers the selection and definition ofproper operators of quantitative and qualitative generalization for individual objects and their attributes. Also technologies for the up-dating of the topographic database in the whole country was taken into account

Zieli?ski, Jerzy

2013-12-01

487

Perception of Wearable Computers for Everyday Life by the General Public: Impact of Culture and Gender on Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper examines the perception of wearable computers for everyday life by the general public, in order to foster the adoption\\u000a of this technology. We present a social study that focuses on sensors, actuators, autonomy, uses, and privacy. Carried out\\u000a in 2005, it considers gender and cultural disparities in two dissimilar groups: French (115 males, 59 females) and Japanese\\u000a (61

Sébastien Duval; Hiromichi Hashizume

2005-01-01

488

Participatory Design of an Integrated Information System Design to Support Public Health Nurses and Nurse Managers  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objectives of the study were to use persona-driven and scenario-based design methods to create a conceptual information system design to support public health nursing. Design and Sample We enrolled 19 participants from two local health departments to conduct an information needs assessment, create a conceptual design, and conduct a preliminary design validation. Measures Interviews and thematic analysis were used to characterize information needs and solicit design recommendations from participants. Personas were constructed from participant background information, and scenario-based design was used to create a conceptual information system design. Two focus groups were conducted as a first iteration validation of information needs, personas, and scenarios. Results Eighty-nine information needs were identified. Two personas and 89 scenarios were created. Public health nurses and nurse managers confirmed the accuracy of information needs, personas, scenarios, and the perceived usefulness of proposed features of the conceptual design. Design artifacts were modified based on focus group results. Conclusion Persona-driven design and scenario-based design are feasible methods to design for common work activities in different local health departments. Public health nurses and nurse managers should be engaged in the design of systems that support their work.

Reeder, Blaine; Hills, Rebecca A.; Turner, Anne M.; Demiris, George

2014-01-01

489

Massachusetts Primer on Special Education and Charter Schools. Section I: General Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents part I of the "Massachusetts Primer on Special Education and Charter Schools." It provides an explanation of a charter school's legal status within the Massachusetts public education system and a synopsis of federal laws that are most relevant to special education in charter schools. The information is intended for those who…

Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2009

2009-01-01

490

Cancer surveillance and information: balancing public health with privacy and confidentiality concerns (United States).  

PubMed

Rapid advances in informatics and communication technologies are greatly expanding the capacity for information capture and transportation. While these tools can be used for great good, they also offer new opportunities for those who seek to obtain and use information for improper purposes. While issues related to identity theft for financial gain garner the most attention, protection of privacy in public health endeavors such as cancer surveillance is also a significant concern. Some efforts to protect health-related information have had unintended consequences detrimental to health research and public health practice. Achieving a proper balance between measures to protect privacy and the ability to guard and improve public health requires careful consideration and development of appropriate policies, regulations and use of technology. PMID:16633909

Deapen, Dennis

2006-06-01

491

Training Informal Educators Provides Leverage for Space Science Education and Public Outreach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

How do we reach the public with the exciting story of Solar System Exploration? How do we encourage girls to think about careers in science, math, engineering and technology? Why should NASA scientists make an effort to reach the public and informal education settings to tell the Solar System Exploration story? These are questions that the Solar System Exploration Forum, a part of the NASA Office of Space Science Education (SSE) and Public Outreach network, has tackled over the past few years. The SSE Forum is a group of education teams and scientists who work to share the excitement of solar system exploration with colleagues, formal educators, and informal educators like museums and youth groups. One major area of the SSE Forum outreach supports the training of Girl Scouts of the USA (GS) leaders and trainers in a suite of activities that reflect NASA missions and science research. Youth groups like Girl Scouts structure their activities as informal education.

Allen, J. S.; Tobola, K. W.; Betrue, R.

2004-01-01

492

Libraries for the Blind Section. Libraries Serving the General Public Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on library services and developments in reading materials for the blind, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "Reading Programs for the Blind and Physically Handicapped in Public Libraries of the Polish People's Republic" by Franciszek Czajkowski (Poland); (2)…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

493

Towards a general microeconomic model for the operation of public transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

After Vickrey's view, Mohring constructed a microeconomic model to determine the optimal frequency of buses serving a corridor with fixed demand. The main result was that frequency should be proportional to the square root of demand. The role of users' costs was shown to be crucial. This approach has evolved over the past decades, improving our understanding of public transport

Sergio Jara-Díaz; Antonio Gschwender

2003-01-01

494

78 FR 45194 - General Electric Company; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Order To Aid Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The consent agreement in this matter settles alleged violations of federal law prohibiting unfair or deceptive acts or practices or unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the draft complaint and the terms of the consent order--embodied in the consent agreement--that would settle these...

2013-07-26

495

Blog searching: The first general-purpose source of retrospective public opinion in the social sciences?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to demonstrate how blog searching can be used as a retrospective source of public opinion. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In this paper a variety of blog searching techniques are described and illustrated with a case study of the Danish cartoons affair. Findings – A time series analysis of related blog postings suggests that the Danish cartoons issue

Mike Thelwall

2007-01-01

496

Public Education: Commercial Activities in Schools. United States General Accounting Office Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Commercial activities in U.S. public elementary and secondary schools have been growing in visibility throughout the last decade, a period characterized by tightened school budgets. As visibility has increased, so have concerns about commercial activities that generate cash, equipment, or other types of assistance and their potential effects on…

Shaul, Marnie S.

497

The challenge of providing the public with actionable information during a pandemic.  

PubMed

Analysis of media reporting on the H1N1 vaccine during the 2009 pandemic reveals a dissonance between the nature and content of the reporting, the government's messages, and the public's perceptions of vaccine safety and desirability. Despite careful attention to history and especially the lessons offered by Richard Neustadt and Harvey Fineberg in their study of the 1976 "Epidemic that Never Was," government officials failed to escape criticism for decisions made and actions taken in the midst of the unfolding contagion threat. Moreover, public opinion polls show that substantial portions of the population failed to hear, believe, or heed the government's messages. Looking at the enduring narrative of the government's vaccine efforts through the lens of newspaper reports exposes six points of distortion. These points - the pervasive uncertainty inherent in a novel contagion; advances in information technology and electronic communications; the new news environment; the political polarization of American society; the infrastructure of the American public health system; and the oddities of public health emergency and vaccination injury compensation laws - interfered with the public's reception of the government's message and infected the public's perception of government veracity and leadership capability. They challenge us to consider whether current planning is sufficient to prepare Americans to respond effectively to a lives-threatening national crisis. If we are to ensure that the public receives and recognizes accurate and actionable information essential for the prevention or containment of a deadly contagion, we will need to understand and address the impact of these distorting forces. PMID:23061590

Gerwin, Leslie E

2012-01-01

498

Information Literacy in the General Education: A New Requirement for the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the issue of information literacy as it applies to general education, arguing that information literacy will be an integral part of culture and a cultural change agent in the 21st century. Suggests the incorporation of the visual and aural into the idea of text changes the static nature of texts, leading to the need for multimedia…

Sellen, Mary

2002-01-01

499

A Sticky-Information General-Equilibrium Model for Policy Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a dynamic stochastic general-equilibrium model with a single friction in all markets: sticky information. In this economy, agents are inattentive because of costs of acquiring, absorbing and processing information, so that the actions of consumers, workers and firms are slow to incorporate news. This paper presents the details of how an economy with pervasive inattentiveness functions, and

Ricardo Reis

2009-01-01

500

Desire for information about drugs A multi?method study in general medical inpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to investigate patients' drug information preferences using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. Patient interviews (n=299) were conducted on general medical wards in three London teaching hospitals. The purpose was to refine and validate a quantitative 12-item scale, the Intrinsic Desire for Information (IDI), by interfacing quantitative and qualitative data, and to explore

K. ?ström; J. Carlsson; I. Bates; D. G. Webb; D. Duggan; P. Sanghani; D. McRobbie

2000-01-01