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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Safety Precautions for Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Safety information is discussed and outlined in this guide. Areas include: (1) general laboratory safety rules; (2) general rules and guidelines for animals in the elementary classroom; (3) general guidelines for the physical sciences; (4) general rules for using animals in investigations, with specifics on the care and handling of mammals,…

Folks, John; And Others

2

Safety Precautions. Child Health and Safety Series (Module I).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual for parents and child care personnel in day care homes and centers provides guidelines and information on indoor and outdoor safety precautions, emergency preparation and first aid. Contents focus on monitoring arrivals and departures, prevention of suffocation and strangulation, control of pets and other animals, preventing and…

Iscoe, Louise; And Others

3

48 CFR 252.236-7005 - Airfield safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (i) The primary surfaces, comprising the surface of the runway, runway shoulders, and lateral safety zones. The length of each primary surface is the same as the runway length. The width of each primary surface is 2,000 feet...

2009-10-01

4

48 CFR 252.236-7005 - Airfield safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (i) The primary surfaces, comprising the surface of the runway, runway shoulders, and lateral safety zones. The length of each primary surface is the same as the runway length. The width of each primary surface is 2,000 feet...

2010-10-01

5

48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the subcontractor's facilities, personnel, and safety program documentation to perform safety surveys. The Government performs these safety surveys of subcontractor facilities solely to prevent the occurrence of any mishap which would...

2009-10-01

6

48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the subcontractor's facilities, personnel, and safety program documentation to perform safety surveys. The Government performs these safety surveys of subcontractor facilities solely to prevent the occurrence of any mishap which would...

2010-10-01

7

Interventional musculoskeletal ultrasonography: Precautions and contraindications  

PubMed Central

In recent years ultrasonography (US) has emerged as the imaging technique of choice for guiding diagnostic and therapeutic procedures including those related to the musculoskeletal system. However, the absence of ionizing radiation and the elevated safety of the method must not lead us to forget that there are precautions and contraindications to keep in mind, which are crucial to the protection of both the patient and the physician. Among these precautions it is first of all essential to obtain the patient’s accurate clinical history including current medication, particularly if it involves drugs influencing the blood clotting, and information related to possible allergies. The patient should furthermore receive detailed information concerning the procedure (sterile precautions as well as possible side-effects of the drugs which will be injected). In addition to this, there must be a close contact between the radiologist and the patient’s general physician (GP) in order to obtain the best possible result of the procedure.

Draghi, F.; Robotti, G.; Jacob, D.; Bianchi, S.

2010-01-01

8

10 CFR 35.615 - Safety precautions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL Photon Emitting Remote Afterloader...through the use of appropriate radiation monitors, that radiation levels have returned to ambient...the unit. (4) Notify the Radiation Safety Officer, or...

2009-01-01

9

10 CFR 35.615 - Safety precautions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL Photon Emitting Remote Afterloader...through the use of appropriate radiation monitors, that radiation levels have returned to ambient...the unit. (4) Notify the Radiation Safety Officer, or...

2010-01-01

10

Beyond universal precautions.  

PubMed Central

Universal precautions have gained wide acceptance in the literature and are promoted by major health care regulatory bodies as a measure to prevent nosocomial transmission of bloodborne diseases. Nevertheless, Dr. James G. Wright and associates (see pages 1089 to 1095 of this issue) provide evidence of the infrequent use of universal precautions by surgeons in Toronto. Their findings are consistent with those of similar studies and point to the limitations of any safety approach that relies on the active compliance of individuals rather than on passive, environmental controls. Successful approaches to optimizing workplace safety should first emphasize passive measures for risk abatement, including firm policies, the use of safer equipment and techniques, procedural safeguards and regular monitoring. Routine voluntary screening of patients undergoing procedures that pose a high risk of contamination may improve compliance to safety procedures by health care personnel. Further study is required.

Osterman, J W

1995-01-01

11

Obligatory precautions against infection.  

PubMed

If we have a duty not to infect others, how far does it go? This question is often discussed with respect to HIV transmission, but reflection on other diseases like influenza raises a number of interesting theoretical issues. I argue that a duty to avoid infection not only yields requirements for persons who know they carry a disease, but also for persons who know they are at increased risk, and even for those who definitely know they are completely healthy. Given the numerous ways in which human interaction facilitates the spread of communicable diseases, a maximum level of precaution would be very demanding--possibly unreasonably demanding. The 'over-demandingness problem' is mostly invoked as a criticism of utilitarianism, as this theory requires moral agents to always maximise general welfare, even at significant cost for themselves. However, I argue that, with respect to precautions against infectious diseases like influenza, utilitarianism is able to avoid the over-demandingness problem. A contractualist account, on the other hand, whilst able to explain how one's obligations to avoid infection can be limited, given that other persons have opportunities and responsibilities to protect themselves, in the end requires precautions that raise the over-demandingness problem. PMID:16222840

Verweij, Marcel

2005-08-01

12

45 CFR 17.3 - Precautions to be taken.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.3 Precautions to be taken. The issuing organization shall take reasonable precautions to assure that...

2011-10-01

13

45 CFR 17.3 - Precautions to be taken.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.3 Precautions to be taken. The issuing organization shall take reasonable precautions to assure that...

2012-10-01

14

Fillers: Contraindications, Side Effects and Precautions  

PubMed Central

Fillers are generally considered safe. However side effects may happen and hence a practicing dermatologist need to be aware of such side effects, contraindicatons and precaution to be adopted while using fillers.

Lafaille, Philippe; Benedetto, Anthony

2010-01-01

15

Mindlessness and Nondurable Precautions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assuming initially that negligence law does not make the distinction between durable and nondurable precautions, this Article will first explain in economic terms why the failure of courts to take into account the cost of remembering may nonetheless be efficient. A substantial body of research on the phenomenon of mindless decisionmaking (\\

Paul J. Heald

1993-01-01

16

Deriving and applying generally applicable safety principles  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear detonation safety of modern nuclear weapons depends on a coordinated safety theme incorporating three general safety principles: isolation, inoperability, and incompatibility. The success of this approach has encouraged them to study whether these and/or other principles might be useful in other applications. Not surprisingly, no additional first-principles (based on physical laws) have been identified. However, a more widely applicable definition and application of the principle-based approach has been developed, resulting in a selection of strategies that are basically subsets and varied combinations of the more general principles above. However, identification of principles to be relied on is only one step in providing a safe design. As one other important example, coordinating overall architecture and strategy is essential: the authors term this a safety theme.

Spray, S.D.

1998-08-01

17

29 CFR 1926.20 - General safety and health provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false General safety and health provisions. 1926.20 Section 1926...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION...

2013-07-01

18

Precautions used by occupational health nursing students during clinical placements.  

PubMed

Protection of health care workers including students from being infected when caring for high risk patients is a major cause for concern to all promoting occupational health. Safety of every employee is mandatory. Furthermore, universal guidelines for precautions must be used by all interacting with high risk patients and clients to protect themselves and prevent the spread of infection. The aim of this paper was to ascertain the availability of universal guidelines for precautions against the spread of infection in clinical settings and determine the precautions used by OHN students during their clinical placements. To realise these objectives, a quantitative and descriptive design was followed. A purposive sampling method was used to select 45 Occupational health nursing students who participated in the study. Data was collected with the use of a structured questionnaire and the results revealed that: most units where OHN students were placed for clinical experience had guidelines for universal precautions although these were not always accessible to them; regarding compliance to universal precautions, OHN students were reportedly aware of the hazards of failure to comply although in some emergencies and where personal protective material was not available, they had to provide care without using protective equipments. Recommendations made include that employers and staff at all occupational settings must ensure that updated guidelines for universal precautions are available and accessible to every body interacting with high risk patients; health care providers and students must be fully informed about and should always adhere to universal precautions. PMID:20225748

Maja, T M M; Motshudi, M J

2009-03-01

19

Policy Manual - Universal Precautions  

Cancer.gov

 CCR Home   About CCR   CCR Intranet        Laboratory of Pathology LP Home Clinical Services Basic Sciences Training LP Staff Accessibility of Web Site Policy Manual Main Page LP Forms and Checklists Safety Program Overview & Training Introduction Roles,

20

Toys: More Than Trifles for Play. A Review of the Toy Industry, Educational Claims, Safety Standards and Precautions, Toy Selection and Toy Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document reviews literature that is relevant to the evaluation and selection of educational toys. Information is summarized under the following topics: (1) the value of toys and manufacturers' claims; (2) basics of the toy industry; (3) toy hazards and accidents; (4) guidelines for toy selection; (5) toy safety legislation and protection;…

Evans, Joyce; Stewart, Patricia

21

Air Raid Precautions  

Microsoft Academic Search

WHILE we appreciate the fulness of the treatment which has been accorded to our book ``The Protection of the Public from Aerial Attack'', we should be grateful for the opportunity of commenting on certain points in the review in NATURE of April 10, p. 606. Regarding the purpose of the book, General Foulkes says, ``It suggests no better defensive measures

J. D. Bernal; J. H. Fremlin; Shirley Glasstone; A. F. W. Hughes; A. J. P. Martin; Joseph Needham; N. W. Pirie; R. N. Robertson; R. L. M. Synge; J. S. Turner; D. H. Valentine; C. H. Waddington; Arthur Walton; Nora Wooster; W. A. Wooster

1937-01-01

22

Monitoring adherence to Standard Precautions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Health care workers (HCWs) do not consistently follow Standard Precautions (SP). This is a serious problem because inadequate compliance is associated with increased blood exposure thus predisposing HCWs to bloodborne pathogen transmission. Methods: The primary goal of this study was to identify institutional factors associated with adequacy of HCW training to monitor coworkers’ adherence to SP. Surveys were sent

Kimberly D. McCoy; Susan E. Beekmann; Kristi J. Ferguson; Thomas E. Vaughn; James C. Torner; Robert F. Woolson; Bradley N. Doebbeling

2001-01-01

23

It Might Have Been: Risk, Precaution, and Opportunity Costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article, which is part of a larger project on the competing merits of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and the precautionary principle (PP) as competing policymaking paradigms for environmental, health, and safety regulation, examines one specific plank of the case against the PP: the claim that the principle's ignorance of the opportunity costs of precaution leads to indeterminate or impoverishing policy

Douglas A. Kysar

2006-01-01

24

10 CFR 35.415 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 35.415 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL...For each patient or human research subject who is receiving brachytherapy...quarter the patient or the human research subject in the same room as...post the patient's or human research subject's room with a...

2013-01-01

25

10 CFR 35.315 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 35.315 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL...For each patient or human research subject who cannot be released...Quarter the patient or the human research subject either inâ (i...the patient's or the human research subject's room with a...

2013-01-01

26

Aspects of General Aviation flight safety research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The largest cause of General Aviation Accidents is shown through an analysis of the 283 UK fatal accidents between 1980 and 2006 to be loss of control, most usually at low level. Evaluating the reasons behind this, it is shown to be due to a combination of aircraft characteristics and pilot situational awareness and response. The statistical analysis also shows

G. B. Gratton; M. A. Bromfield

27

21 CFR 610.11a - Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-04-01 false Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. 610...Provisions § 610.11a Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. For inactivated influenza vaccine, the general safety...

2009-04-01

28

21 CFR 610.11a - Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...general safety test. For inactivated influenza vaccine, the general safety...requirements for general safety for inactivated influenza vaccine shall not be considered...satisfied unless each lot of influenza vaccine is assayed for endotoxin in...

2010-04-01

29

21 CFR 610.11a - Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. 610.11a Section...Provisions § 610.11a Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. For inactivated influenza vaccine, the general safety test shall...

2013-04-01

30

Behavioral-diagnostic analysis of compliance with universal precautions among nurses.  

PubMed

This study used the PRECEDE model (L.W. Green, M.W. Kreuter, S.G. Deeds, & K.B. Partridge, 1980) to examine individual, job-task, and environmental-organizational factors related to compliance with universal precautions (UP) among nurses. Structural equation modeling showed that the hypothesized model did a better job predicting general compliance (R2 = .41) than compliance with personal protective equipment (PPE; R2 = .18). All 3 categories of diagnostic factors (predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing) influenced general compliance, but predisposing factors were relatively unimportant for compliance with PPE. With a set of nested models, the greatest improvement in model fit occurred when the indirect effects of reinforcing factors were added. A positive safety climate may increase the likelihood that the work environment will contain features that enable workers to comply with safe work practices. PMID:10658891

DeJoy, D M; Searcy, C A; Murphy, L R; Gershon, R R

2000-01-01

31

Guideline for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To assist hospitals in maintaining up-to-date isolation practices, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) have revised the 'CDC Guideline for Isolation Precautions in H...

J. S. Garner

1996-01-01

32

77 FR 33777 - General Aviation Safety Forum: Climbing to the Next Level  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...safety issues related to general aviation on June 19-20, 2012 in Washington, DC. The event, ``General Aviation Safety: Climbing to the Next Level...of people are killed in general aviation crashes, and thousands more are...

2012-06-07

33

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section...CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2009-04-01

34

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section...CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2010-01-01

35

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section...RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2009-04-01

36

Association between Contact Precautions and Delirium at a Tertiary Care Center  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between contact precautions and delirium among inpatients, adjusting for other factors. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING A 662-bed tertiary care center. PATIENTS All nonpyschiatric adult patients admitted to a tertiary care center from 2007 through 2009. METHODS Generalized estimating equations were used to estimate the association between contact precautions and delirium in a retrospective cohort of 2 years of admissions to a tertiary care center. RESULTS During the 2-year period, 60,151 admissions occurred in 45,266 unique nonpsychiatric patients. After adjusting for comorbid conditions, age, sex, intensive care unit status, and length of hospitalization, contact precautions were significantly associated with delirium (as defined by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision), medication, or restraint exposure (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.40 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 1.24–1.51]). The association between contact precautions and delirium was seen only in patients who were newly placed under contact precautions during the course of their stay (adjusted OR, 1.75 [95% CI, 1.60–1.92]; P < .01) and was not seen in patients who were already under contact precautions at admission (adjusted OR, 0.97 [95% CI, 0.86–1.09]; P=.60). CONCLUSIONS Although delirium was more common in patients who were newly placed under contact precautions during the course of their hospital admission, delirium was not associated with contact precautions started at hospital admission. Patients newly placed under contact precautions after admission but during hospitalization appear to be at a higher risk and may benefit from proven delirium-prevention strategies.

Day, Hannah R.; Perencevich, Eli N.; Harris, Anthony D.; Gruber-Baldini, Ann L.; Himelhoch, Seth S.; Brown, Clayton H.; Dotter, Emily; Morgan, Daniel J.

2012-01-01

37

21 CFR 601.32 - General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 7 2011-04-01...General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness. 601.32 Section 601.32 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness....

2011-04-01

38

21 CFR 315.3 - General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE DIAGNOSTIC RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS § 315.3 General factors relevant to safety and...

2009-04-01

39

21 CFR 315.3 - General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE DIAGNOSTIC RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS § 315.3 General factors relevant to safety and...

2010-04-01

40

Patient safety in primary care: a survey of general practitioners in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Primary care encompasses many different clinical domains and patient groups, which means that patient safety in primary care may be equally broad. Previous research on safety in primary care has focused on medication safety and incident reporting. In this study, the views of general practitioners (GPs) on patient safety were examined. METHODS: A web-based survey of a sample of

Sander Gaal; W. H. J. M. Verstappen; Michel Wensing

2010-01-01

41

Conservation, precaution, and Caribbean reefs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some authors argue that overfishing is an important reason that reef corals have declined in recent decades. Their reasoning is that overfishing removes herbivores, releasing macroalgae to overgrow and kill the corals. The evidence suggests, however, that global climate change and emergent marine diseases make a far greater contribution to coral mortality, and that macroalgae generally grow on the exposed skeletal surfaces of corals that are already dead. Macroalgal dominance, therefore, is an effect rather than a cause of coral mortality. Marine protected areas (MPAs), which are usually established to protect stocks of reef fish, foster populations of herbivorous fish under at least some circumstances. Increased herbivory can reduce algal cover, potentially accelerating the recovery of coral populations inside MPAs; however, establishing MPAs will have only a limited impact on coral recovery unless policymakers confront the accelerating negative effects of the global-scale sources of coral mortality.

Aronson, Richard B.; Precht, William F.

2006-08-01

42

30 CFR 56.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Precautions during storms. 56.6604 Section 56.6604 Mineral...Electricity § 56.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical storm, blasting operations shall be...

2013-07-01

43

30 CFR 57.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Precautions during storms. 57.6604 Section 57.6604 Mineral...Underground § 57.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical stormâ (a) Surface blasting...

2013-07-01

44

Safety Assessment of Fuel Rods via Generalized Bernoulli Chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

The probabilistic safety assessed to N fuel rods assembled in one core of a nuclear reactor is commonly modelled by the sum of N independent Bernoulli random variables, i.e. 1 or 0, with individual safety probability pi that the i-th rod shows no failure during one cycle, coded by 1. The requirement set by the German Reaktor-Sicherheitskommission (Reactor Safety Commission)

Michael Falk; Lothar Heins; Andreas Wensauer

2006-01-01

45

An Introduction to Eye Safety. General Metals I, Lesson Plan No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for a 110-hour general metals course, this lesson plan presents an introduction to eye safety, including a brief guided imagery prelude, an overview of the lesson, an overview of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) rules and regulations regarding eye and face…

Higa, Floyd

46

An Introduction to Eye Safety. General Metals I, Lesson Plan No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed for a 110-hour general metals course, this lesson plan presents an introduction to eye safety, including a brief guided imagery prelude, an overview of the lesson, an overview of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) rules and regulations regarding eye and face…

Higa, Floyd

47

Design and Implementation of an Integrated Public Safety System. Generalized System Design Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents some general guidelines for conducting an analysis of the feasibility of consolidation, or integration, of public safety services in a new community, or any community. This generalized system design report has been developed out of th...

1977-01-01

48

Behavioral–Diagnostic Analysis of Compliance With Universal Precautions Among Nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used the PRECEDE model (L. W. Green, M. W. Kreuter, S. G. Deeds, & K. B. Partridge, 1980) to examine individual, job–task, and environmental– organizational factors related to compliance with universal precautions (UP) among nurses. Structural equation modeling showed that the hypothesized model did a better job predicting general compliance (R2 = .41) than compliance with personal protective

David M. DeJoy; Cynthia A. Searcy; Lawrence R. Murphy; Robyn R. M. Gershon

2000-01-01

49

Safety of robotic general surgery in elderly patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the life expectancy of people in Western countries continues to rise, so too does the number of elderly patients. In parallel,\\u000a robotic surgery continues to gain increasing acceptance, allowing for more complex operations to be performed by minimally\\u000a invasive approach and extending indications for surgery to this population. The aim of this study is to assess the safety\\u000a of

Nicolas C. Buchs; Pietro Addeo; Francesco M. Bianco; Subhashini Ayloo; Enrique F. Elli; Pier C. Giulianotti

2010-01-01

50

Policy Manual - General Safety - Biological Safety Cabinets, Chemical Fume Hoods, and other Primary Barrier Protections  

Cancer.gov

All Biological Safety Cabinets (BSC) and Chemical Fume Hoods (CFH) within the Laboratory of Pathology are maintained and monitored for effectiveness by the Technical Assistance Branch of the Division of Occupational Health and Safety (DOHS) provides various services regarding certification, maintenance, repair, and decontamination of specific primary barrier equipment.

51

Consultations with general practitioners on patient safety measures based on routinely collected data in primary care  

PubMed Central

Objectives To gauge the opinions of doctors working, or interested, in general practice on monitoring patient safety using administrative data. The findings will inform the development of routinely collected data-based patient safety indicators in general practice and elsewhere in primary care. Design Non-systematic participant recruitment, using personal contacts and colleagues’ recommendations. Setting Face-to-face consultations at participants’ places of work, between June 2010 and February 2011. Participants Four general practitioners (GPs) and a final year medical student. The four clinicians had between eight to 34 years of clinical practice experience, and held non-clinical positions in addition to their clinical roles. Main outcome measures Views on safety issues and improvement priorities, measurement methods, uses of administrative data, role of administrative data in patient safety and experiences of quality and safety initiatives. Results Medication and communication were the most commonly identified areas of patient safety concern. Perceived safety barriers included incident-reporting reluctance, inadequate medical education and low computer competency. Data access, financial constraints, policy changes and technology handicaps posed challenges to data use. Suggested safety improvements included better communication between providers and local partnerships between GPs. Conclusions The views of GPs and other primary care staff are pivotal to decisions on the future of English primary care and the health system. Broad views of general practice safety issues were shown, with possible reasons for patient harm and quality and safety improvement obstacles. There was general consensus on areas requiring urgent attention and strategies to enhance data use for safety monitoring.

Tsang, Carmen; Majeed, Azeem; Aylin, Paul

2012-01-01

52

Perceptions of General Education on Occupational Health and Safety Among College Students in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate students were surveyed to assess their awareness of and interest in health and safety education. Out of 5258 questionnaires distributed among 66 colleges and universities in Taiwan, 4474 questionnaires were returned. The respondents were asked to provide demographic information and to respond to questions about a proposed college course in general occupational health and safety (OHS) and questions about

Yu-Huei Tong; Yu-Wen Lin; Chih-Chieh Chen; Jia-Ming Lin

2009-01-01

53

From cognition to the system: developing a multilevel taxonomy of patient safety in general practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the process of developing a taxonomy of patient safety in general practice. The methodologies employed included fieldwork, task analysis and confidential reporting of patient-safety events in five West Midlands practices. Reported events were traced back to their root causes and contributing factors. The resulting taxonomy is based on a theoretical model of human cognition, includes multiple levels

O. Kostopoulou

2006-01-01

54

Improvement of the Safety Level of Installations with the Generalization of Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The generalization of control procedures to the largest possible spectra of accidental situations which is being developed on pressurized water reactor units will allow to increase the safety level of these installations. This improvement has been quantif...

Y. Cornille B. Dupraz N. Schektman

1986-01-01

55

Report to the Attorney General on Body Armor Safety Initiative Testing and Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On November 17, 2003, the Attorney General announced the US Department of Justice's Body Armor Safety Initiative As part of that initiative, he directed the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) to undertake a comprehensive body armor testing program and pr...

S. V. Hart

2004-01-01

56

Report to the Attorney General on Body Armor Safety Initiative Testing and Activities. Supplement 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On November 17, 2003, Attorney General John Ashcroft announced the Department of Justice's Body Armor Safety Initiative in response to concerns from the law enforcement community regarding the effectiveness of their armor. He directed the National Institu...

2004-01-01

57

Supplement I: Status Report to the Attorney General on Body Armor Safety Initiative Testing and Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On November 17, 2003, Attorney General John Ashcroft announced the Department of Justice's Body Armor Safety Initiative in response to concerns from the law enforcement community regarding the effectiveness of their armor. He directed the National Institu...

2004-01-01

58

49 CFR 240.109 - General criteria for eligibility based on prior safety conduct.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS Component Elements of the Certification Process § 240.109 General criteria for eligibility based on prior safety conduct. (a)...

2011-10-01

59

Potential risk of using General Estimates System: Bicycle safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beneficial effects of bicycle helmet use have been reported mostly based on medical or survey data collected from hospitals. This study was to examine the validity of the United States General Estimates System (GES) database familiar to many transportation professionals for a beneficial effect of helmet use in reducing the severity of injury to bicyclists and found potential risk of

Young-Jun Kweon; Joyoung Lee

2010-01-01

60

Science and precaution in the appraisal of electricity supply options.  

PubMed

The technological risks associated with electricity generating options are a crucial consideration in the governance of energy strategies. Conversely, many central issues in the broader social debate over the governance of environmental risk (such as acid gas emissions, radioactive waste management, nuclear safety and global climate change) relate very strongly to technology choice in the electricity supply sector. The particularities of this field, therefore, offer a topical and pertinent case with which to explore the relationship between science and precaution in the governance of technological risk. By reference to the electricity sector, the present paper examines the contrasts between 'risk-based' and 'precautionary' approaches to the governance of risk, paying particular attention to the problems of intractable uncertainties and divergent values. A number of theoretical and methodological issues in conventional risk-assessment and cost-benefit analysis are examined and their practical implications for appraisal explored. Attention then turns to the form that might be taken by approaches to the governance of energy risks that are at the same time scientifically well-founded and precautionary. Conclusions are drawn for decision and policy making in this area. PMID:11532359

Stirling, A

2001-09-14

61

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 209 (Seat Belt Assemblies). General Safety Corporation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains the test data, results and conclusions of tests performed on one set of twelve (12) Type 1 seat belt assemblies for compliance to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 209. The set of seat belts without retractors was subjected to ...

1970-01-01

62

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 209 (Seat Belt Assemblies). General Safety Corporation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains the test data, results and conclusions of tests performed on one set of twelve (12) Type 1 seat belt assemblies for compliance to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 209. This set of seat belts without retractors was subjected to...

1970-01-01

63

Eye safety in operative dentistry — A study in general dental practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim In this safety conscious age all general dental practitioners should be promoting the use of eye protection. The aim of this study was to highlight the uptake of eye protection by all clinical staff and patients within the general dental practice setting, with regard to adequate protection and its use at appropriate times.Method Questionnaires were sent to 200 GDPs,

J N Farrier; A S M Gilmour; S L Farrier

2006-01-01

64

Introducing Proper Chemical Hygiene and Safety in the General Chemistry Curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chemical safety is an important component of science education for everyone, not just for chemistry majors. Developing a responsible and knowledgeable attitude towards chemical safety best starts at the early stages of a student's career. In many colleges and universities, safety education in undergraduate chemistry has been relegated primarily to a few regulatory documents at the beginning of a laboratory course, or an occasional warning in the description of a specific experiment in a prelaboratory lecture. Safety issues are seldom raised in general chemistry or organic chemistry lecture-based chemistry courses. At Iowa State University we have begun to implement a program, Chemical Hygiene and Safety in the Laboratory, into the undergraduate chemistry curriculum. This program is designed to increase the awareness and knowledge of proper chemical hygiene and laboratory safety issues among all students taking general chemistry and organic chemistry courses. Laboratory protocol, use of safety equipment, familiarity with MSD sheets, basics of first aid, some specific terminology surrounding chemical hygiene, EPA and OSHA requirements, and the use of the World Wide Web to search and locate chemical safety information are topics that are applied throughout the chemistry curriculum. The novelty of this approach is to incorporate MSD sheets and safety information that can be located on the World Wide Web in a series of safety problems and assignments, all related to the chemistry experiments students are about to perform. The fundamental idea of our approach is not only to teach students what is required for appropriate safety measures, but also to involve them in the enforcement of basic prudent practices.

Miller, Gordon J.; Heideman, Stephen A.; Greenbowe, Thomas J.

2000-09-01

65

14 CFR 25.1360 - Precautions against injury.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Electrical Systems and Equipment § 25.1360 Precautions against injury. (a) Shock. The electrical system must be designed to minimize risk of electric shock to crew, passengers, and servicing personnel and to maintenance personnel...

2013-01-01

66

10 CFR 39.31 - Labels, security, and transportation precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...material unless the material is packaged, labeled, marked, and accompanied with appropriate shipping papers in accordance with regulations set out in 10 CFR part 71. (b) Security precautions during storage and transportation....

2013-01-01

67

Universal Precautions in the Era of HIV/AIDS  

PubMed Central

With a rising HIV/AIDS epidemic, it has become especially important for health service providers in China to understand and correctly adhere to universal precautions. Using qualitative interview data, perspectives from both health administrators and service providers working at all levels of China’s health care system were examined. Service providers admitted selective adherence and non-adherence to universal precautions in their daily medical practice, and gave their explanations for such behaviors. Lack of time to put on protective gear, gear’s interference with medical procedures, lack of administrative support, heavy workload in hospitals, inaccurate risk assessment, and beliefs that compliance with universal precautions is unnecessary, time consuming and costly were mentioned as reasons behind noncompliance. Effective universal precaution interventions need to target both administrators and providers, and address both structural barriers and individual attitudinal and behavioral factors.

Wu, Sheng; Li, Li; Wu, Zunyou; Cao, Haijun; Lin, Chunqing; Yan, Zhihua; Jia, Manhong; Cui, Haixia

2009-01-01

68

Pregabalin: its efficacy, safety and tolerability profile in generalized anxiety.  

PubMed

Pregabalin is a structural analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), one of the key inhibitory neurotransmitters in the brain. Its mode of action is believed to be mediated by the alpha-2-delta-1 subunit protein of voltage-gated calcium channels to bring about its anxiolytic, anticonvulsant and antinociceptive effects. Pregabalin has linear pharmacokinetics, undergoes minimal metabolism and is excreted largely unchanged. It has a mean elimination half-life of 6.3 hours. Pregabalin's anxiolytic activity in generalized anxiety disorder has been demonstrated in seven acute randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of four to eight weeks duration, and in one six-month relapse-prevention study at doses of 150-600 mg/day using twice-daily or three-times-daily regimes. The magnitude of pregabalin's anxiolytic effects was similar to that of alprazolam, lorazepam or venlafaxine. However, pregabalin had a more consistent effect on psychic and somatic anxiety factors than the active comparators. Its speed of onset was apparent within one week - similar to the benzodiazepines, but faster than that of venlafaxine. Moreover, pregabalin's anxiolytic effect was apparent in patients with moderate or severe baseline anxiety and high or low baseline severity of sub-syndromic depression. A long-term, 26-week, open-label study showed that pregabalin's anxiolytic effects were maintained, although the fixed-dose design may have contributed to a high attrition rate. Pregabalin showed less cognitive and psychomotor impairment than alprazolam, and it showed different effects on sleep architecture to the latter in terms of REM sleep latency and slow wave stage 3/4 sleep. The most frequently reported adverse events were dizziness and somnolence, although tolerance to these developed within a few weeks. Withdrawal symptoms during a one-week taper phase were mild and were similar after both acute and chronic administration. PMID:17940637

Owen, Richard T

2007-09-01

69

Analysis of General Aviation Single-Pilot Ifr Incident Data Obtained from the NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data obtained from the NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) data base were used to determine problems in general aviation single pilot IFR operations. The data examined consisted of incident reports involving flight safety in the National Aviation...

H. P. Bergeron

1980-01-01

70

The Frankfurt Patient Safety Climate Questionnaire for General Practices (FraSiK): analysis of psychometric properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundSafety culture has been identified as having a major impact on how safety is managed in healthcare. However, it has not received much attention in general practices. Hence, no instrument yet exists to assess safety climate—the measurable artefact of safety culture—in this setting. This study aims to evaluate psychometric properties of a newly developed safety climate questionnaire for use in

Barbara Hoffmann; Olga Maria Domanska; Zeycan Albay; Vera Mueller; Corina Guethlin; Eric J Thomas; Ferdinand M Gerlach

2011-01-01

71

National Transportation Safety Board Aircraft Safety Study: Airbag Performance in General Aviation Restraint Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2003, airbags were first certificated for pilot and copilot seats on general aviation (GA) aircraft, and as of August 2010, they have been installed in nearly 18,000 seats in over 7,000 GA aircraft. Unlike automotive airbags that typically deploy from ...

2011-01-01

72

(Precautions in the use of medicinal plants)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our country, almost medicinal plants are not scientifically validated and their safety and effectiveness are frequently unknown; therefore, like any other medicines, they should be used with caution because toxic plants consumption may carry intoxication and even death. Lippia turbinata Gris., Aristolochia triangularis Cham., Ruta graveolens L., Huperzia saururs (Lam.) Trevis, Brugmansia arborea (L.) Lagerh., among others may be

Mariela A. MARINOFF; José L. MARTÍNEZ; María A. URBINA

2009-01-01

73

Poor knowledge – predictor of nonadherence to universal precautions for blood borne pathogens at first level care facilities in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We conducted an assessment of knowledge about blood borne pathogens (BBP) and use of universal precautions at first level care facilities (FLCF) in two districts of Pakistan. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey and selected three different types of FLCFs ; public, general practitioners and unqualified practitioners through stratified random sampling technique. At each facility, we interviewed a prescriber,

Naveed Z Janjua; Mahreen Razaq; Subhash Chandir; Shafquat Rozi; Bushra Mahmood

2007-01-01

74

Reasons for not reporting patient safety incidents in general practice: A qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore the reasons for not reporting patient safety incidents in general practice. Design Qualitative interviews with general practitioners and members of the project group. Setting General practice clinics in the Region of Northern Jutland in Denmark. Subjects Twelve general practitioners. Main outcome measures The experiences and reflections of the involved professionals with regard to system use and non-use. Results While most respondents were initially positive towards the idea of reporting and learning from patient safety incidents, they actually reported very few incidents. The major reasons for the low reporting rates are found to be a perceived lack of practical usefulness, issues of time and effort in a busy clinic with competing priorities, and considerations of appropriateness in relation to other professionals. Conclusion The results suggest that the visions of formal, comprehensive, and systematic reporting of (and learning from) patient safety incidents will be quite difficult to realize in general practice. Future studies should investigate how various ways of organizing incident reporting at the regional level influence local activities of reporting and learning in general practice.

Kousgaard, Marius Brostr?m; Joensen, Anne Sofie; Thorsen, Thorkil

2012-01-01

75

Policy Manual - Employee Precautions - Particular Aerosols  

Cancer.gov

Any procedure with the potential to generate fine particulate aerosols (e.g., vortexing or sonication of specimens in open tube) should be performed in a biological safety cabinet (BSC). Close and seal all tubes before spinning in a centrifuge. The use of sealed centrifuge rotors or sample cups, if available, should be employed for centrifugation. Ideally, these rotors or cups should be unloaded in a BSC.

76

Preliminary reentry safety assessment of the General Purpose Heat Source module for the Cassini mission: Aerospace Nuclear Safety Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As asked by the U.S. Department of Energy/Office of Special Applications, and in support of the Environmental Impact Statement for the Cassini mission, The Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) has conducted preliminary one dimensional ablation and thermal analyses of the General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS). The predicted earth entry conditions provided by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) for a Cassini Venus - Venus - Earth - Jupiter gravity assist (VVEJGA) trajectory were used as initial conditions. The results of this study, which constitute the initial reentry analysis assessment leading to the Cassini Updated Safety Analysis Report (USAR), are discussed in this document.

Conn, D. W.; Brenza, P. T.

1993-04-01

77

Food Safety for Persons with Chronic Illnesses  

MedlinePLUS

... podcast or read the script (6:31 minutes) Diabetes Food Safety for People with Diabetes A need-to- ... guide for people who have been diagnosed with diabetes. Food Safety for People with Diabetes (USDA) Precautions that ...

78

Perceptions of general education on occupational health and safety among college students in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Undergraduate students were surveyed to assess their awareness of and interest in health and safety education. Out of 5258 questionnaires distributed among 66 colleges and universities in Taiwan, 4474 questionnaires were returned. The respondents were asked to provide demographic information and to respond to questions about a proposed college course in general occupational health and safety (OHS) and questions about 30 OHS topics. Their awareness and learning interest about each topic were evaluated on a 4-point scale. Statistical analysis of variance and logistic linear regression were performed. Only 13% of respondents had previously taken health and safety courses. More than 39% of respondents indicated that they would take general OHS courses if the courses were offered by their colleges. Student motivation to take OHS courses was apparently related to their experience in OHS coursework, their academic background, and their current learning interest in the 30 OHS topics. Students with natural science or engineering backgrounds tended to express strong interest in OHS topics and courses. In conclusion, implementing general health and safety education in college is recommended. In addition, developing an OHS course module system would meet student expectations, as courses would consider the learning interests and needs of students with different college majors. PMID:19412863

Tong, Yu-Huei; Lin, Yu-Wen; Chen, Chih-Chieh; Lin, Jia-Ming

2009-08-01

79

GPHS (General Purpose Heat Source) uranium oxide encapsulations supporting satellite safety tests  

SciTech Connect

General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) simulant-fueled capsules were assembled, welded, nondestructively examined, and shipped to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) for satellite safety tests. Simulant-fueled iridium capsules contain depleted uranium oxide pellets that serve as a stand-in for plutonium-238 oxide pellets. Information on forty seven capsules prepared during 1987 and 1988 is recorded in this memorandum along with a description of the processes used for encapsulation and evaluation. LANL expects to use all capsules for destructive safety tests, which are under way. Test results so far have demonstrated excellent integrity of the Savannah River capsule welds. 10 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Kanne, W.R.

1989-04-24

80

Safety with industrial manufacturing lasers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A review of British safety standards relative to lasers in the industrial workplace is presented. Classification of laser outputs according to wavelength and power and the necessary precautions to be taken when employing them in industrial production situations are examined.

Holmes, W. I.

81

A personalized healthcare service on aged stroke-precaution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stroke is one of the most deadly illnesses for the aged in Taiwan. The population of senior citizens has increased due to advanced medical technology developments, but it also brings the urgent needs of healthcare assistant for the aged. This paper presents a personalized healthcare service for the aged on stroke-precaution, followed by its implementation and evaluation. The healthcare service

Yuan-Chu Hwang; Weng-Ting Lin

2010-01-01

82

A Prudential Argument for Precaution under Uncertainty and High Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some models of global systems predict catastrophe if certain human activities continue. Unfortunately, these models are less than certain. Despite this uncertainty, some argue for precaution on the grounds that we have an ethical obligation to avoid catastrophe, whatever the practical costs. There is much to say in favor of ethical arguments. Still, some people will remain unmoved by them.

Stephen Haller

2000-01-01

83

A Prudential Argument for Precaution under Uncertainty and High Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Some models of global systems predict catastrophe if certain human activities continue. Unfortunately, these models are less than certain. Despite this uncertainty, some argue for precaution on the grounds that we have an ethical obligation to avoid catastrophe, whatever the practical costs. There is much to say in favor of ethical arguments. Still, some people will remain unmoved by them.

Stephen Haller

2000-01-01

84

Comparing precaution in the United States and Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The regulation of health and environmental risks has generated transatlantic controversy concerning precaution and the precautionary principle (PP). Conventional wisdom sees the European Union endorsing the PP and proactively regulating uncertain risks, while the United States opposes the PP and waits for evidence of harm before regulating. Without favouring either approach, this paper critically analyses the conventional depiction of transatlantic

Jonathan B. Wiener; Michael D. Rogers

2002-01-01

85

Teaching Safety Skills to Children: Prevention of Firearm Injury as an Exemplar of Best Practice in Assessment, Training, and Generalization of Safety Skills  

PubMed Central

The focus of this paper is on teaching safety skills to children with an emphasis on recent research on behavioral skills training for the prevention of firearm injury. Following a discussion of safety skills and methods for assessing these skills, the paper reviews recent research on behavioral skills training and in situ training for teaching safety skills to prevent firearm injury. Strategies for promoting generalization and increasing the efficiency of training are then discussed, along with a summary of conclusions that can be drawn from the research and guidelines for best practices in teaching safety skills to children.

Miltenberger, Raymond G

2008-01-01

86

48 CFR 1236.570 - Special precautions for work at operating airports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Special precautions for work at operating airports. 1236.570 Section 1236.570...Special precautions for work at operating airports. Where any acquisition will require work at an operating airport, insert the clause at (TAR) 48...

2011-10-01

87

48 CFR 3036.570 - Special precautions for work at operating airports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Special precautions for work at operating airports. 3036.570 Section 3036.570...Special precautions for work at operating airports. Where any acquisition will require work at an operating airport, insert the clause at (HSAR)...

2012-10-01

88

48 CFR 3036.570 - Special precautions for work at operating airports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Special precautions for work at operating airports. 3036.570 Section 3036.570...Special precautions for work at operating airports. Where any acquisition will require work at an operating airport, insert the clause at (HSAR)...

2011-10-01

89

48 CFR 1236.570 - Special precautions for work at operating airports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Special precautions for work at operating airports. 1236.570 Section 1236.570...Special precautions for work at operating airports. Where any acquisition will require work at an operating airport, insert the clause at (TAR) 48...

2012-10-01

90

Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings, 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings 2007 updates and expands the 1996 Guideline for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals. This document is intended for use by infection control staff, ...

E. Rhinehart J. D. Siegel L. Chiarello M. Jackson

2007-01-01

91

Status of Range Safety Filter Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of range safety is the prevention of injury to personnel or damage to property by taking all reasonable precautions consistent with operational requirements. This is dependent not only on precautions taken in the preparation of a missile or vehic...

1977-01-01

92

Prevalence and consequences of patient safety incidents in general practice in the Netherlands: a retrospective medical record review study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Patient safety can be at stake in both hospital and general practice settings. While severe patient safety incidents have\\u000a been described, quantitative studies in large samples of patients in general practice are rare. This study aimed to assess\\u000a patient safety in general practice, and to show areas where potential improvements could be implemented.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We conducted a retrospective review of patient

Sander Gaal; W. H. J. M. Verstappen; René Wolters; Henrike Lankveld; Chris van Weel; Michel Wensing

2011-01-01

93

Universal Precautions Training of Preclinical Students: Impact on Knowledge, Attitudes, and Compliance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Little information exists regarding the impact of universal precautions training programs on preclinical students? knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. Methods. We developed, implemented, and assessed an educational program in universal precautions for and year medical and preclinical physician assistant students. Students (n = 170) completed pre- and posttraining questionnaires to assess universal precautions knowledge and to evaluate attitudes about their

D. J. Diekema; S. S. Schuldt; M. A. Albanese; B. N. Doebbeling

1995-01-01

94

Radiological Safety Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written to be used concurrently with the U.S. Army's Radiological Safety Course, this publication discusses the causes, sources, and detection of nuclear radiation. In addition, the transportation and disposal of radioactive materials are covered. The report also deals with the safety precautions to be observed when working with lasers, microwave…

Army Ordnance Center and School, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.

95

Maximising harm reduction in early specialty training for general practice: validation of a safety checklist  

PubMed Central

Background Making health care safer is a key policy priority worldwide. In specialty training, medical educators may unintentionally impact on patient safety e.g. through failures of supervision; providing limited feedback on performance; and letting poorly developed behaviours continue unchecked. Doctors-in-training are also known to be susceptible to medical error. Ensuring that all essential educational issues are addressed during training is problematic given the scale of the tasks to be undertaken. Human error and the reliability of local systems may increase the risk of safety-critical topics being inadequately covered. However adherence to a checklist reminder may improve the reliability of task delivery and maximise harm reduction. We aimed to prioritise the most safety-critical issues to be addressed in the first 12-weeks of specialty training in the general practice environment and validate a related checklist reminder. Methods We used mixed methods with different groups of GP educators (n?=?127) and specialty trainees (n?=?9) in two Scottish regions to prioritise, develop and validate checklist content. Generation and refinement of checklist themes and items were undertaken on an iterative basis using a range of methods including small group work in dedicated workshops; a modified-Delphi process; and telephone interviews. The relevance of potential checklist items was rated using a 4-point scale content validity index to inform final inclusion. Results 14 themes (e.g. prescribing safely; dealing with medical emergency; implications of poor record keeping; and effective & safe communication) and 47 related items (e.g. how to safety-net face-to-face or over the telephone; knowledge of practice systems for results handling; recognition of harm in children) were judged to be essential safety-critical educational issues to be covered. The mean content validity index ratio was 0.98. Conclusion A checklist was developed and validated for educational supervisors to assist in the reliable delivery of safety-critical educational issues in the opening 12-week period of training, and aligned with national curriculum competencies. The tool can also be adapted for use as a self-assessment instrument by trainees to guide patient safety-related learning needs. Dissemination and implementation of the checklist and self-rating scale are proceeding on a national, voluntary basis with plans to evaluate its feasibility and educational impact.

2012-01-01

96

Scoping in environmental impact assessment: Balancing precaution and efficiency?  

SciTech Connect

Scoping is a crucial yet under-researched stage of environmental impact assessment, in which practice falls well behind conceptual ideals. We argue that such 'implementation deficits' reflect dilemmas between two key rationales for scoping - environmental precaution and decision-making efficiency - and between technical and participatory conceptions of the decision-making process. We use qualitative research to understand how scoping practice in the UK reconciles these competing imperatives. Our findings suggest that practitioners mainly rationalise their approach in terms of decision-making efficiency, while justifying excluding the public from scoping on grounds of prematurity, delay and risks of causing confusion. The tendency to scope issues in rather than exclude them reflects a pervasive concern for legal challenge, rather than environmental precaution, but this reinforces standard lists of environmental considerations rather than the investigation of novel, cumulative or indirect risks.

Snell, Tim [Adams Hendry Consulting Ltd., 7 St. Peter Street, Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 8BW (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: t.snell@adamshendry.co.uk; Cowell, Richard [School of City and Regional Planning, Cardiff University, Glamorgan Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3WA (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: cowellrj@cardiff.ac.uk

2006-05-15

97

General-Purpose Heat Source safety verification test series: SVT-1 through SVT-6  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular heat source that will supply energy for Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) in space missions. The Safety Verification Tests (SVTs) are performed to assess the plutonia containment capability of heat source modules subjected to certain accident environments. This interim report described the GPHS module configuration, the test environment, and the response of the module components following simulated reentry and solid Earth impact. The specific test environment of these initial six tests results from failure of the booster rocket to place the spacecraft in a proper trajectory and subsequent reentry of the GPHS modules from Earth orbit. 36 figs.

Pavone, D.; George, T.G.; Frantz, C.E.

1985-06-01

98

Assessment of biosafety precautions in Khartoum state diagnostic laboratories, Sudan  

PubMed Central

Background This study was conducted to evaluate the biosafety precautions that applied by diagnostic laboratories in Khartoum state, 2009. Methods A total number of 190 laboratories were surveyed about their compliance with standard biosafety precautions. These laboratories included 51 (27%) laboratories from government, 75 (39%) from private sectors and 64 (34%) laboratories belong to organization providing health care services. Results The study found that 32 (16.8%) of laboratories appointed biosafety officers. Only, ten (5.2%) participated in training about response to fire emergency, and 28 (14.7%) reported the laboratory accident occurred during work. 45 (23.7%) laboratories had a written standard operation procedures (SOPs), and 35 (18.4%) had written procedures for the lean-up of spills. Moreover, biosafety cabinet was found in 11 (5.8%) laboratories, autoclave in 28 (14.7%) and incinerator in only two (1.1%) laboratories. Sharp disposable containers were found in 84 (44.2%). Fire alarm system was found in 2 (1.1%) laboratories, fire extinguisher in 39 (20.5%) laboratories, and fire emergency exit found in 14 (7.4%) laboratories. Furthermore, 19 (10%) laboratories had a hepatitis B virus vaccination programme, 5 (6.2%) applied BCG vaccine, and 2 (1.1%0) vaccinated the staff against influenza. Conclusion The study concluded that the standards biosafety precautions adopted by the diagnostic laboratories in Khartoum state was very low. Further, the laboratory personnel awareness towards biosafety principles implementation was very low too.

Elduma, Adel Hussein

2012-01-01

99

Barriers to the Operation of Patient Safety Incident Reporting Systems in Korean General Hospitals  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study aimed to explore the barriers to and factors facilitating the operation of patient safety incident reporting systems. Methods A qualitative study that used a methodological triangulation method was conducted. Participants were those who were involved in or responsible for managing incident reporting at hospitals, and they were recruited via a snowballing sampling method. Data were collected via interviews or emails from 42 nurses at 42 general hospitals. A qualitative content analysis was performed to derive the major themes related to barriers to and factors facilitating incident reporting. Results Participants suggested 96 barriers to incident reporting in their hospitals at the organizational and individual levels. Low reporting rates, especially for near misses, were the most commonly reported issue, followed by poorly designed incident reporting systems and a lack of adequate patient safety leadership by mid-level managers. To resolve and overcome these barriers, 104 recommendations were suggested. The high-priority recommendations included introducing reward systems; improving incident reporting systems, by for instance implementing a variety of reporting channels and ensuring reporter anonymity; and creating a strong safety culture. Conclusions The barriers to and factors facilitating incident reporting include various organizational and individual factors. As an important way to address these challenging issues and to improve the incident reporting systems in hospitals, we suggest several feasible methods of doing so.

Hwang, Jee-In; Lee, Sang-IL

2012-01-01

100

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20...for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a...for establishing the safety of food additives stated in current...publications of the National Academy of Sciences-National Research...

2013-04-01

101

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20...for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a...for establishing the safety of food additives stated in current...publications of the National Academy of Sciences-National Research...

2013-04-01

102

Beyond patchwork precaution in the dual-use governance of synthetic biology.  

PubMed

The emergence of synthetic biology holds the potential of a major breakthrough in the life sciences by transforming biology into a predictive science. The dual-use characteristics of similar breakthroughs during the twentieth century have led to the application of benignly intended research in e.g. virology, bacteriology and aerobiology in offensive biological weapons programmes. Against this background the article raises the question whether the precautionary governance of synthetic biology can aid in preventing this techno-science witnessing the same fate? In order to address this question, this paper proceeds in four steps: it firstly introduces the emerging techno-science of synthetic biology and presents some of its potential beneficial applications. It secondly analyses contributions to the bioethical discourse on synthetic biology as well as precautionary reasoning and its application to life science research in general and synthetic biology more specifically. The paper then identifies manifestations of a moderate precautionary principle in the emerging synthetic biology dual-use governance discourse. Using a dual-use governance matrix as heuristic device to analyse some of the proposed measures, it concludes that the identified measures can best be described as "patchwork precaution" and that a more systematic approach to construct a web of dual-use precaution for synthetic biology is needed in order to guard more effectively against the field's future misuse for harmful applications. PMID:22535577

Kelle, Alexander

2012-04-26

103

How trust in institutions and organizations builds general consumer confidence in the safety of food: A decomposition of effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the relationship between general consumer confidence in the safety of food and consumer trust in institutions and organizations. More specifically, using a decompositional regression analysis approach, the extent to which the strength of the relationship between trust and general confidence is dependent upon a particular food chain actor (for example, food manufacturers) is assessed. In addition, the

J. de Jonge; J. C. M. van Trijp; I. A. van der Lans; R. J. Renes; L. J. Frewer

2008-01-01

104

General-purpose heat source safety verification test series: SVT-11 through SVT-13  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular component of the radioisotope thermoelectric generator that will provide power for the Galileo and Ulysses (formerly ISPM) space missions. The GPHS provides power by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/Pu ..cap alpha..-decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Because the possibility of an orbital abort always exists, the heat source was designed and constructed to minimize plutonia release in any accident environment. The Safety Verification Test (SVT) series was formulated to evaluate the effectiveness of GPHS plutonia containment after atmospheric reentry and Earth impact. The first two reports (covering SVT-1 through SVT-10) described the results of flat, side-on, and angular module impacts against steel targets at 54 m/s. This report describes flat-on module impacts against concrete and granite targets, at velocities equivalent to or higher than previous SVTs.

George, T.G.; Pavone, D.

1986-05-01

105

General-Purpose Heat Source Safety Verification Test series: SVT-7 through SVT-10  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular component of the radioisotope thermoelectric generator that will supply power for the Galileo and Ulysses (formerly ISPM) space missions. The GPHS provides power by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ ..cap alpha..-decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Because the possibility of an orbital abort always exists, the heat source was designed and constructed to minimize plutonia release in any accident environment. The Safety Verification Test (SVT) series was formulated to evaluate the effectiveness of GPHS plutonia containment after atmospheric reentry and Earth impact. The first report (covering SVT-1 through SVT-6) described the results of flat and side-on module impacts. This report describes module impacts at angles of 15/sup 0/ and 30/sup 0/.

George, T.G.; Pavone, D.

1985-09-01

106

Safety review of the design, operation, and radiation sections of the General Electric Morris Operation Consolidated Safety Analysis Report  

SciTech Connect

A safety review was made of Sections 4 through 9 of the Consolidated Safety Analysis Report (CSAR) for the GE Morris Operation spent-fuel storage facility. The sections reviewed include Design Criteria and Compliance, Facility Design and Description, Radiation Protection, Accident Analysis, and Conduct of Operations. The safety review was performed in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 72, ''Licensing Requirements for the Storage of Spent Fuel in an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation'' and contains independent estimations of source terms and dose-commitments from postulated accidents in the storage facility and a structural analysis of the Morris Operation cranes as an appendix. The review confirms that the features of the facility as described in Sections 4 through 9 of the CSAR fulfilled the safety requirements of 10 CFR 72, and it is concluded that spent-fuel handling and storage at the Morris Operation do not present significant risks to public health and safety. 15 refs., 3 tabs.

McBride, J.P.

1981-01-30

107

General employee orientation training course: Radiation safety student handbook. Revision 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Federal statutes and regulations and Executive Order 12196 require that all federal agencies establish occupational safety and health programs for their employees. The Department of Energy (DOE) occupational safety and health program requires that all emp...

1989-01-01

108

Generalization of Medical and Health Compliance Research to Coal Mine Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Methods for increasing compliance to medical and health regimens were reviewed along with similar research in industrial and mine safety. Principles abstracted from both areas suggest that compliance with health and safety practices is improved when (1) w...

H. P. Cole P. K. Berger T. F. Garrity C. D. Auvenshine A. B. Szwilski

1985-01-01

109

General-Purpose Heat Source Safety Verification Test program: Edge-on flyer plate tests  

SciTech Connect

The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will supply power for the Galileo and Ulysses space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. The GPHS modules provide power by transmitting the heat of STYPu -decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Each module contains four STYPuO2-fueled clads and generates 250 W(t). Because the possibility of a launch vehicle explosion always exists, and because such an explosion could generate a field of high-energy fragments, the fueled clads within each GPHS module must survive fragment impact. The edge-on flyer plate tests were included in the Safety Verification Test series to provide information on the module/clad response to the impact of high-energy plate fragments. The test results indicate that the edge-on impact of a 3.2-mm-thick, aluminum-alloy (2219-T87) plate traveling at 915 m/s causes the complete release of fuel from capsules contained within a bare GPHS module, and that the threshold velocity sufficient to cause the breach of a bare, simulant-fueled clad impacted by a 3.5-mm-thick, aluminum-alloy (5052-T0) plate is approximately 140 m/s.

George, T.G.

1987-03-01

110

General-Purpose Heat Source development: Safety Verification Test Program. Bullet/fragment test series  

SciTech Connect

The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will provide power for space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. Each module contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled clads and generates 250 W/sub (t)/. Because a launch-pad or post-launch explosion is always possible, we need to determine the ability of GPHS fueled clads within a module to survive fragment impact. The bullet/fragment test series, part of the Safety Verification Test Plan, was designed to provide information on clad response to impact by a compact, high-energy, aluminum-alloy fragment and to establish a threshold value of fragment energy required to breach the iridium cladding. Test results show that a velocity of 555 m/s (1820 ft/s) with an 18-g bullet is at or near the threshold value of fragment velocity that will cause a clad breach. Results also show that an exothermic Ir/Al reaction occurs if aluminum and hot iridium are in contact, a contact that is possible and most damaging to the clad within a narrow velocity range. The observed reactions between the iridium and the aluminum were studied in the laboratory and are reported in the Appendix.

George, T.G.; Tate, R.E.; Axler, K.M.

1985-05-01

111

General-Purpose Heat Source Development: Safety Verification Test Program. Flyer plate test series  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular component of a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will provide electric power for space missions. The initial RTG applications will be for the NASA Galileo and the ESA Ulysses missions. Each of the 18 GPHS modules in an RTG contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled clads and generates 250 W/sub (t)/. A series of Safety Verification Tests (SVTs) has been conducted to assess the ability of the GPHS fueled clads to contain the plutonia in accident environments. Because a launch pad or postlaunch explosion of the Space Transportation System Vehicle (space shuttle) is one conceivable accident, the SVT plan included a series of tests to simulate the fragment environment that the RTG and GPHS modules would experience in such an event. These tests deal specifically with the flat-on collision of flyer-plate-type fragments with bare, simulant-fueled (depleted UO/sub 2/) clads. Results of these tests suggest that the fueled clad is only minimally breached by collision with 3.53-mm-thick flyer-plate-type fragments of space shuttle alloy at velocities up to 1170 m/s. However, collision of a 38.1-mm-thick plate with a bare GPHS clad, at a velocity of 270 m/s, results in a total release of fuel.

Cull, T.A.; Pavone, D.

1986-09-01

112

General-purpose heat source development: Safety Verification Test Program. Bullet/fragment test series  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will provide power or space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. Each module contains four (238)PuO2-fueled clads and generates 250 W sub (t). Because a launch-pad or post-launch explosion is always possible, the ability of GPHS fueled clads within a module to survive fragment impact needs to be determined. The bullet/fragment test series, part of the Safety Verification Test Plan, was designed to provide information on clad response to impact by a compact, high-energy, aluminum-alloy fragment and to eestablish a threshold value of fragment energy required to breach the iridium cladding. Test results show that a velocity of 555 m/s (1820 ft/s) with an 18-g bullet is at or near the threshold value of fragment velocity that will cause a clad breach. Results also show that an exothermic Ir/Al reaction occurs if aluminum and hot iridium are in contact, a contact that is possible and most damaging to the clad within a narrow velocity range. The observed reactions between the iridium and the aluminum were studied in the laboratory and are reported.

George, T. G.; Tate, R. E.; Axler, K. M.

1985-05-01

113

Toward a Generalization of Signal Detection Theory to N-Person Games: The Example of Two-Person Safety Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Game theoretical analysis is used to extend the predictions of classical signal detection theory to situations in which the detection task is performed by two observers. The implications of the suggested generalization are demonstrated and examined in the context of a two-person safety game. In a controlled experiment, 28 dyads performed a letter classification task. In accordance with the predictions,

Ido Erev; Daniel Gopher; Revital Itkin; Yaakov Greenshpan

1995-01-01

114

Use of universal precautions in the workplace: A comparison of two fire\\/EMS services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Health Belief Model (HBM) provided the theoretical framework for examining Universal Precautions (UP) compliance factors by Firefighter, EMTs and Paramedics (prehospital care providers). A convenient sample of prehospital care providers (n = 4000) from two cities (Houston and Washington DC), were surveyed to explore the factors related to their decision to comply with Universal Precautions. Eight hundred and sixty-five

Sherri-Lynne Ann Almeida

1998-01-01

115

36 CFR 9.43 - Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. 9.43...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. When drilling...territory, or in any field where high pressures are likely to exist, the...

2010-07-01

116

36 CFR 9.43 - Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. 9.43...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. When drilling...territory, or in any field where high pressures are likely to exist, the...

2009-07-01

117

36 CFR 9.43 - Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. 9.43...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. When drilling...territory, or in any field where high pressures are likely to exist, the...

2013-07-01

118

7 CFR 1980.318 - Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions... Rural Housing Loans § 1980.318 Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions...policy is to discourage lending in designated flood and mudslide hazard areas. Loan...

2013-01-01

119

7 CFR 1980.433 - Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions...Industrial Loan Program § 1980.433 Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions...determining if a project is located in a special flood or mudslide hazard area. Refer to...

2013-01-01

120

Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Safety Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patient safety considerations are a priority for perioperative nurses. In the intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) chamber, additional safety precautions for both patients and staff members must be taken. This article provides a brief overview of the intraoperative MRI environment and details safety considerations for surgical staff members and patients. AORN J 77 (March 2003) 590–592.

Lori Russell

2003-01-01

121

Jordanian nursing students' knowledge of, attitudes towards, and compliance with infection control precautions.  

PubMed

Nursing students' noncompliance with infection control precautions has its effects not only on patients, but also on nursing students themselves. Little is known about the actual status of infection control knowledge and compliance among Jordanian nursing students. This correlational descriptive study used a cross-sectional survey design to explore Jordanian nursing students' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and compliance with infection control precautions. The target population was all nursing students at the faculty of nursing-University of Jordan. Participants were found to have inadequate knowledge about infection control precautions (M=49.64%), positive attitudes (M=89.8%), and moderate compliance (M=75.91%). Participants' attitudes toward infection control precautions was the only variable that predicts (B=.410, p=0.000) and correlates (r=.51, p<0.01) with their compliance score. Special courses for infection control precautions within nursing schools in Jordan are recommended with special focus on students' attitudes. PMID:22789874

Darawad, Muhammad W; Al-Hussami, Mahmoud

2012-07-11

122

General Safety Manual for Vocational-Technical Education and Industrial Arts Programs. Bulletin No. 1674.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual is designed to offer suggestions for teaching safety in Louisiana industrial arts and vocational education programs. The suggestions and information presented are intended for use in an ongoing safety program, not a short unit presented at the beginning of the school year. Following an introduction in unit 1, the material has been…

Dennis, Bill; Poston, David

123

General Safety Manual for Vocational-Technical Education and Industrial Arts Programs. Bulletin No. 1674.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to offer suggestions for teaching safety in Louisiana industrial arts and vocational education programs. The suggestions and information presented are intended for use in an ongoing safety program, not a short unit presented at the beginning of the school year. Following an introduction in unit 1, the material has been…

Dennis, Bill; Poston, David

124

41 CFR 50-204.2 - General safety and health standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(a) Every contractor shall protect the safety and health of his employees by complying with the standards described in the subparagraphs of this paragraph whenever a standard deals with an occupational safety or health subject or issue involved in the performance of the contract. (1)...

2009-07-01

125

GENERAL SAFETY FACTORS FOR A NUCLEAR FUEL REPROCESSING PLANT. PART 1. NUCLEAR SAFETY. PART 2. RADIATION SHIELDING. PART 3. CHEMICAL SAFETY PROBLEMS. Technical Report No. 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear safety in a fuel reprocessing plant is discussed. Means of ; avoiding criticality such as mass limitation, safe geometry, and safe ; concentrations are examined along with a note of caution on reflection. In ; addition, shielding is discussed, and it is pointed out that major pieces of ; equipment must be heavily shielded especially at the head-end of

Larsson

1957-01-01

126

10 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - General Statement of Safety Basis Policy  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...contractor should consider safety management programs covering topics such as quality assurance, procedures, maintenance, personnel...DOE Orders set forth DOE's expectations concerning specific topics. For example, DOE Order 420.1 provides DOE's...

2013-01-01

127

General employee orientation training course: Radiation safety instructor's guide. Volume 2. Revision 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document consists of the instructor's guide for an employee's orientation course on radiation safety. Included are learning objectives, purpose of instruction, definition of terms, radiation sources, biological damage by radiation, and allowable radi...

1989-01-01

128

49 CFR 214.317 - On-track safety procedures, generally.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker Protection § 214.317 On-track...roadway workers by adopting a program that contains specific rules for protecting roadway workers that comply with the...

2011-10-01

129

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 202 (Head Restraint). General Motors Corporation. 1970 Chevrolet Impala.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report pertains to tests conducted by an independent contractor as part of the National Highway Safety Bureau compliance testing program to determine whether or not motor vehicles and items of motor vehicle equipment comply with applicable Federal Mot...

K. B. Cruise

1970-01-01

130

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 105 (Brakes). General Motors Corporation 1970 Chevrolet Impala.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report pertains to tests conducted by an independent contractor as part of the National Highway Safety Bureau's compliance testing program to determine whether or not motor vehicles and items of motor vehicle equipment comply with applicable Federal M...

1970-01-01

131

General safety basis development guidance for environmental restoration decontamination and decommissioning  

SciTech Connect

Safety analyses have the objective of contributing to two essential ingredients of a successful operation. The first is promoting the safety of the operation through worker involvement in information development (safety basis). The second is obtaining approval to conduct the operation (authorization). Typically these ingredients are assembled under separate programs covered by separate DOE requirements. DOE authorization relies on successful development of a document containing up to 21 topics written in terms and language suited to reviewers and approvers. Safety relies on successful training and procedures that convert the technical documented information into terms and language understandable to the worker. This separation can lead to successful incorporation of one ingredient independent of the other. At best, this separation may result in a safe but unauthorized operation; at worst, the separation may result in an unsafe operation authorized to proceed. This guide is based on experiences gained by contractors who have integrated rather than separated the safety and authorization. The short duration of ER/D&D activities, the uncertainties of hazards, and the publicly expressed desire for demonstrable progress in cleanup activities add emphasis to the need to integrate rather than separate and develop new programs. Experience-based information has been useful to workers, safety analysis practitioners, and reviewers in the following ways: (1) Acquiring or developing the needed information in a useful form; (2) Managing the uncertainties during activity development and operation; (3) Identifying the subset of applicable requirements for an activity; (4) Developing the appropriate level of documentation detail for a specific activity; and (5) Increasing the usefulness and use of safety analysis (ownership).

Ellingson, D.R.; Kerr, N. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Bohlander, K. [EG and G Rocky Flats, Golden, CO (United States); Hansen, J. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Crowley, W. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1994-02-01

132

Peer Tutoring to Prevent Firearm Play: Acquisition, Generalization, and Long-term Maintenance of Safety Skills  

PubMed Central

Hundreds of accidental injuries and deaths to children occur annually in the United States as a result of firearm play. Behavioral skills training (BST) and in situ training have been found to be effective in teaching children the skills to use if they find a firearm, but training requires substantial time and effort. The current study examined the use of peers as tutors as a potential way to decrease the time and resources needed to teach these safety skills to youngsters. Peer trainers conducted BST and in situ training with other children. Children taught by the peer trainers acquired the safety skills and demonstrated them in naturalistic situations in which the skills were needed. Furthermore, all of the peer trainers acquired and maintained the skills. These results support the use of peer tutoring for teaching safety skills to other children.

Jostad, Candice M; Miltenberger, Raymond G; Kelso, Pamela; Knudson, Peter

2008-01-01

133

Special Radiation Protection Precautions in Therapeutic Nuclear Medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Therapeutic Nuclear Medicine concerns the administration of appropriate amounts of radioactivity of certain isotopes, in order to achieve internal localized irradiation of neoplasmatic cells. Due to the increased level and the specific isotope characteristics of administered radioactivity, special Radiation Protection precautions must be taken. This study addresses such issues, based on national as well as international legislation and guidelines. Application of the principle of optimization is of outmost importance and is based on individual dose planning. The decision about the release of Nuclear Medicine patients after therapy is determined on an individual basis, taking into account patients' pattern of contact with other people, their age and that of persons in the home environment, in addition to other factors. Estimation of the absorbed dose given to the treated organ is based on uptake measurements and other biokinetic data, as well as on the mass of the treated tissue or organ. Concerning pregnant women, the rule of thumb is that they should not be treated, unless the radionuclide therapy is required to save their lives. In that case, the potential absorbed dose and risk to the foetus should be estimated and conveyed to the patient. After radionuclide therapy, a female should be advised to avoid pregnancy for the period of time depending on the specific radionuclide. This is to ensure that the dose to a conceptus/foetus would probably not exceed 1 mGy (the member of the public dose limit). The radiation risk for relatives and caregivers is small and unlikely to exceed the legal dose constraints during the period of the patient's treatment. Solid waste from the patient's stay in hospital is a different matter, and is normally incinerated or held for a period until radioactive decay brings the activity to an acceptable level.

Stefanoyiannis, A. P.; Gerogiannis, J.

2010-01-01

134

General Legal Considerations Relevant to Highway Safety Countermeasure Development and Implementation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An analysis is made of the general constitutional, statutory, and judicially imposed limits on the power of government to make and enforce laws prohibiting unsafe driving behavior in general and to implement specific countermeasures. Essential principles ...

P. A. Ruschmann M. Greyson J. W. McNair K. B. Joscelyn

1979-01-01

135

Guideline for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals and Guideline for Infection Control in Hospital Personnel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The isolation precautions presented in this guideline are considered to be a collection of prudent practices recommended by Centers for Disease Control (CDC) personnel and a panel of outside experts. Some of the isolation recommendations are based on well...

J. S. Garner B. P. Simmons W. W. Williams

1983-01-01

136

Hip precautions after hemiarthroplasty: what is happening in the UK and at what cost?  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to observe current practice of the use of hip precautions following hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures in England and to audit the cost of hip precautions in this patient group. METHODS A telephone review was undertaken of all units identified by the National Hip Fracture Database as receiving centres for hip fractures across England to ascertain current practice in the use of hip precautions. A prospective audit of occupational therapy (OT) practice including the cost of equipment provision and OT time was carried out locally. RESULTS All 174 units in England were successfully contacted. Practice varied between centres but hip precautions were in use at 78% of centres. Prior to stopping hip precautions at the local hospital, we audited the costs associated with their use. Mean equipment costs per patient decreased by £12 (from £49 to £37, range: £0–£83) and mean OT time per patient decreased by 1.5 hours (from 8 hours to 6.5 hours, range: 1–22 hours) following removal of hip precaution guidelines. A mean of 0.25 days' discharge delay (range: 0–4 days) due to equipment provision was identified prior to removing hip precautions with no discharge delay following. CONCLUSIONS This study has highlighted the variation in practice across the country and inconsistency with the advice published by the British Orthopaedic Association and British Geriatrics Society in the ‘Blue Book’ (The Care of Patients with Fragility Fracture). Hip precautions are unnecessary after hemiarthroplasty, cost money both in therapist time and equipment provision and increase the length of hospital stay. Nevertheless, they continue to be used by three-quarters of trauma hospitals in England.

Fox, R; Halliday, R; Barnfield, S; Roxburgh, J; Dunford, J; Chesser, TJS

2011-01-01

137

Health care worker opinions on use of isolation precautions in long-term care facilities  

PubMed Central

To address controversies surrounding contact isolation precautions in skilled nursing facilities (SNF), we surveyed 356 nurses and nurses’ aides from 7 SNFs on their opinions regarding benefits and harms of contact isolation precautions. Whereas a majority of health care workers believed that contact isolation reduces transmission of antibiotic-resistant organisms, they were also concerned about potentially harmful consequences to the SNF residents including depression and isolation.

Furuno, Jon P.; Krein, Sarah; Lansing, Bonnie; Mody, Lona

2012-01-01

138

Epargne de precaution et chomage : une evaluation quantitative de l'auto-assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

L'ambition de ce travail est d'evaluer quantitativement la capacite de l'epargne de precaution a s'assurer contre le risque de chomage dans le cadre d'une economie caracterisee par des risques idiosyncratiques se traduisa nt par une heterogeneite sur le marche du travail. Il apparaît que l'epargne de precaution permet de reduire considerablement le cout des fluctuations associees au risque de chomage.

Y. Algan; J.-O. Hairault

2000-01-01

139

Nurses' knowledge of and compliance with universal precautions in an acute care hospital.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the nurses' knowledge of and compliance with Universal Precautions (UP) in an acute hospital in Hong Kong. A total of 450 nurses were randomly selected from a population of acute care nurses and 306 were successfully recruited in the study. The study revealed that the nurses' knowledge of UP was inadequate. In addition, UP was not only insufficiently and inappropriately applied, but also selectively practiced. Nearly all respondents knew that used needles should be disposed of in a sharps' box after injections. However, nurses had difficulty in distinguishing between deep body fluids and other general body secretions that are not considered infectious in UP. A high compliance was reported regarding hand-washing, disposal of needles and glove usage. However, the use of other protective wear such as masks and goggles was uncommon. The results also showed no significant relationships between the nurses' knowledge and compliance with UP. It is recommended that UP educational programmes need to consider attitudes in conjunction with empirical knowledge. Nurse managers and occupational health nurses should take a leadership role to ensure safe practices are used in the care of patients. PMID:11755446

Chan, Regina; Molassiotis, Alexander; Chan, Eunice; Chan, Virene; Ho, Becky; Lai, Chit-ying; Lam, Pauline; Shit, Frances; Yiu, Ivy

2002-02-01

140

Critical Incidents of Nonadherence with Standard Precautions Guidelines Among Community Hospital-based Health Care Workers  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To identify, categorize, and assess critical incidents of nonadherence to standard precautions. DESIGN Qualitative and quantitative analysis of a written, mail-out survey. SETTING Community hospitals. PARTICIPANTS Statewide stratified random sample of community hospital-based health care workers at risk for blood exposure. MAIN VARIABLE Responses to the question: “Think of an incident during the past year when you didn't adhere to universal precautions. Please describe the situation and why you didn't adhere.” RESULTS Reasons given for not using precautions included: belief that stopping to use standard precautions would have put the patient at risk (22%); using precautions would have interfered with patient care (20%); precautions were not warranted in a specific situation (14%); did not anticipate the potential for exposure (14%); and high job demands that had caused respondent to be in a hurry (11%). Less often, equipment was not available (7%), respondent forgot (6%), respondent thought that the patient did not pose a risk (4%), or the available equipment was not effective (3%). In terms of overall exposure rates, 34% of those who described an incident had experienced a sharps injury during the previous 3 months and 42% had experienced a mucocutaneous exposure. In terms of overall nonadherence, 44% wore gloves less than 100% of the time, while 61% washed their hands less than 100% of the time. Needlestick injuries were lowest among those who had forgotten to use precautions, while mucocutaneous exposures were highest among those who had not anticipated potential exposure while performing the task. Failure to wear gloves routinely was highest among those who said that following precautions interfered with their ability to provide care and among those who believed a particular patient to be low risk; failure to wash hands routinely was also highest among the latter group and lowest among those who said necessary equipment was not available. CONCLUSIONS Using specific information about local incidents of nonadherence to standard precautions may enhance training, especially if the program identifies incidents of unanticipated exposure and helps workers plan for them in the future. Closer examination of job demands and responsibilities that interfere with standard precautions may increase the likelihood of adherence.

Ferguson, Kristi J; Waitzkin, Howard; Beekmann, Susan E; Doebbeling, Bradley N

2004-01-01

141

Bias towards publishing positive results in orthopedic and general surgery: a patient safety issue?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Research articles reporting positive findings in the fields of orthopedic and general surgery appear to be represented at a considerably higher prevalence in the peer-reviewed literature, compared to published studies on negative or neutral data. This \\

Erik A Hasenboehler; Imran K Choudhry; Justin T Newman; Wade R Smith; Bruce H Ziran; Philip F Stahel

2007-01-01

142

Safety and Sex Practices among Nebraska Adolescents. Technical Report 24.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes a range of adolescent behaviors related to their safety and the safety of others. The behaviors reported here range from ordinary safety precautions such as only swimming in supervised areas and wearing helmets when riding a motorcycle to less talked about behaviors such as using condoms during sexual intercourse and…

Newman, Ian M.; Perry-Hunnicutt, Christina

143

Mars mission safety  

SciTech Connect

Precautions that need to be taken to assure safety on a manned Mars mission with nuclear thermal propulsion are briefly considered. What has been learned from the 1955 SNAP-10A operation of a nuclear reactor in space and from the Rover/NERVA project is reviewed. The ways that radiation hazards can be dealt with at various stages of a Mars mission are examined.

Buden, D. (EG G Idaho, Idaho Falls (USA))

1989-06-01

144

Experience in the use of probabilistic safety analysis for the development of safety concepts for commercial high-temperature reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advanced nuclear reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) must analogously fulfill the deterministic safety criteria developed for the light water reactor (LWR). In earlier high-temperature reactor (HTR) concepts, the interpretation of this requirement led to exaggerated safety precautions. Efforts are being made in recent HTR concepts to develop a more specific safety concept making use of probabilistic risk

W. Kroger; J. P. Wolters

1986-01-01

145

78 FR 58470 - General Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2126-AB64 General Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments...is making minor editorial changes to correct errors and omissions...does not make any substantive changes to the affected parts of the...and make minor editorial changes to improve clarity and...

2013-09-24

146

General-Purpose Heat Source Safety Verification Test Program: Edge-on flyer plate tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will supply power for the Galileo and Ulysses space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. The GPHS modules provide power by transmitting the heat of Pu-238 alpha-decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Each module contains four Pu-238O2-fueled clads and generates 250 W(t). Because the possibility of a launch vehicle explosion always

T. G. George

1987-01-01

147

Have Health Conditions Associated With Latex Increased Since the Issuance of Universal Precautions?  

PubMed Central

Objectives. This study explored whether the prevalence of latex-related health conditions has increased among individuals employed in medical occupations relative to those employed in nonmedical occupations since the issuance of universal precautions in 1987. Methods. Data derived from the 1983 to 1994 versions of the National Health Interview Survey were used to obtain odds ratios comparing prevalence rates of latex-related symptoms over time. Results. No statistical evidence was found that the universal precautions resulted in increased prevalence rates of latex-related health conditions among medical workers relative to those employed in nonmedical occupations. Conclusions. Increased use of latex gloves among health care personnel subsequent to the implementation of universal precautions appears to have had no effect on latex allergic reactions experienced by these workers.

McCall, Brian P.; Horwitz, Irwin B.; Kammeyer-Mueller, John D.

2003-01-01

148

Communication interventions to improve adherence to infection control precautions: a randomised crossover trial  

PubMed Central

Background Ineffective communication of infection control requirements during transitions of care is a potential cause of non-compliance with infection control precautions by healthcare personnel. In this study, interventions to enhance communication during inpatient transfers between wards and radiology were implemented, in the attempt to improve adherence to precautions during transfers. Methods Two interventions were implemented, comprising (i) a pre-transfer checklist used by radiology porters to confirm a patient’s infectious status; (ii) a coloured cue to highlight written infectious status information in the transfer form. The effectiveness of the interventions in promoting adherence to standard precautions by radiology porters when transporting infectious patients was evaluated using a randomised crossover trial at a teaching hospital in Australia. Results 300 transfers were observed over a period of 4 months. Compliance with infection control precautions in the intervention groups was significantly improved relative to the control group (p?precautions by transport personnel during inpatient transfers. The study underscores the importance of effective communication in ensuring compliance with infection control precautions during transitions of care.

2013-01-01

149

Effects of contact precautions on patient perception of care and satisfaction: a prospective cohort study.  

PubMed

Objective.?Contact precautions decrease healthcare worker-patient contact and may impact patient satisfaction. To determine the association between contact precautions and patient satisfaction, we used a standardized interview for perceived issues with care. Design.?Prospective cohort study of inpatients, evaluated at admission and on hospital days 3, 7, and 14 (until discharged). At each point, patients underwent a standardized interview to identify perceived problems with care. After discharge, the standardized interview and Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey were administered by telephone. Responses were recorded, transcribed, and coded by 2 physician reviewers. Participants.?A total of 528 medical or surgical patients not admitted to the intensive care unit. Results.?A total of 528 patients were included in the primary analysis, of whom 104 (20%) perceived some issue with their care. On multivariable logistic regression, contact precautions were independently associated with a greater number of perceived concerns with care (odds ratio, 2.05 [95% confidence interval, 1.31-3.21]; [Formula: see text]), including poor coordination of care ([Formula: see text]) and a lack of respect for patient needs and preferences ([Formula: see text]). Eighty-eight patients were included in the secondary analysis of HCAHPS. Patients under contact precautions did not have different HCAHPS scores than those not under contact precautions (odds ratio, 1.79 [95% confidence interval, 0.64-5.00]; [Formula: see text]). Conclusions.?Patients under contact precautions were more likely to perceive problems with their care, especially poor coordination of care and a lack of respect for patient preferences. PMID:24018926

Mehrotra, Preeti; Croft, Lindsay; Day, Hannah R; Perencevich, Eli N; Pineles, Lisa; Harris, Anthony D; Weingart, Saul N; Morgan, Daniel J

2013-08-23

150

Toxicity of kava pyrones, drug safety and precautions--a case study.  

PubMed

Kava pyrones have been sold in Germany as OTC anxiolytics until June 2002, when all preparations with a kava pyrone content of more than 10(-4) of a homeopathic stock solution were withdrawn. Other countries in which kava pyrones have been used as anxiolytics, namely GB and the USA, have not followed suit. Kava pyrone anxiolytics have been positively reviewed by the Cochrane Collaboration; also newer German clinical studies have indicated pharmacological anxiolysis at the recommended doses. To use the first choice of treatment, psychotherapy, for all uncomplicated cases of pathological fear does not appear to be realistic. Current data about kava pyrone toxicity are unclear. Judging from the few well documented cases of kava pyrone hepatotoxicity (appr. 2 out of 36) in Germany and Switzerland, an immunologically mediated idiosyncratic mechanism appears to be most likely, especially at higher doses, whereas a direct toxic mechanism is much less likely. No direct results are available for the incidence of kava pyrone-related adverse drug effects. From spontaneously reported cases the incidences of adverse drug reactions cannot be obtained, a rough estimation indicates the incidence of hepatotoxicity to be comparable to those of benzodiazepines. Taken together, the withdrawal of kava pyrone-based anxiolytics appears to be an ill founded over-reaction given the lack of superior therapeutic alternatives. Neither the case evaluations presented by the BfArM (Bundesamt für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte = Federal Office for Drugs and Medical Products) nor the complete rejection of proof for therapeutic efficacy of kava pyrone anxiolytics are scientifically well founded. PMID:12807347

Schulze, Johannes; Raasch, Walter; Siegers, Claus-Peter

2003-01-01

151

30 CFR 75.1903 - Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction and safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...multipurpose dry chemical type (ABC) fire extinguishers that are listed or approved...C or higher rating. Both fire extinguishers must be easily accessible to personnel, and at least one fire extinguisher must be located outside...

2013-07-01

152

General-Purpose Heat Source Development: safety test program. Postimpact evaluation, Design Iteration Test 1  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ decay to thermoelectric elements. Because of the inevitable return of certain missions, the heat source must be designed and constructed to survive re-entry and Earth impact. The Design Iteration Test (DIT) series is part of an ongoing impact test program. The first DIT used a full GPHS module containing two graphite impact shells (GISs); each GIS contained two iridium (0.3 wt%) capsules filled with /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/. It was impacted at 57 m/s and 930/sup 0/C. All four fuel capsules survived and none was breached. However, serious cracking of the iridium-alloy capsules was found; some cracks extended through approx. 70% of the wall thickness. Postimpact analyses of the unit are described with emphasis on weld structure and performance. 51 figures.

Schonfeld, F.W.

1984-04-01

153

General-purpose heat source development: Safety Verification Test Program. Titanium bullet/fragment test series  

SciTech Connect

The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will provide power for the Galileo and Ulysses space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. Each module contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled clads and generates 250 W(t). Because the possibility of launch-pad or postlaunch explosion exists and because any explosion would generate a field of high-energy fragments, the fueled clads within each GPHS module must be able to survive fragment impact. In this test series we investigated the response of bare, simulant-fueled (UO/sub 2/) clads to the impact of high-energy titanium alloy fragments. We determined that 425m/s is the threshold impact velocity of a 3.25-g titanium bullet that will cause direct mechanical failure of a bare fueled clad. 40 figs.

George, T.G.

1986-06-01

154

Guide for preparing annual reports on radiation-safety testing of electronic products (general)  

SciTech Connect

For manufacturers of electronic products other than those for which a specific guide has been issued, the guide replaces the Guide for the Filing of Annual Reports (21 CFR Subchapter J, Section 1002.11), HHS Publication FDA 82-8127. The electronic product (general) annual reporting guide is applicable to the following products: products intended to produce x radiation (accelerators, analytical devices, therapy x-ray machines); microwave diathermy machines; cold-cathode discharge tubes; and vacuum switches and tubes operating at or above 15,000 volts. To carry out its responsibilities under Public Law 90-602, the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) has issued a series of regulations contained in Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Part 1002 of 21 CFR deals with records and reports. Section 1002.61 categorizes electronic products into Groups A through C. Section 1002.30 requires manufacturers of products in Groups B and C to establish and maintain certain records, while Section 1002.11 requires such manufacturers to submit an Annual Report summarizing the contents of the required records. Section 1002.7 requires that reports conform to reporting guides issued by CDRH unless an acceptable justification for an alternate format is provided.

Not Available

1987-10-01

155

Rewarding safety belt usage at an industrial setting: Tests of treatment generality and response maintenance  

PubMed Central

An incentive program to motivate seat belt use was implemented at a large munitions plant. Seat belt usage was assessed daily at an entrance/exit gate of the industrial complex when employees arrived for work in the morning and departed in the afternoon. During treatment incentive fliers, which prompted seat belt usage and gave belt wearers opportunities to win prizes, were distributed only in the afternoon. Seat belt wearing increased from baseline means of 20.4% and 17.3% during the morning and afternoon, respectively, to averages of 55.5% during afternoon departures and 31.1% during morning arrivals. During follow-up, mean belt use dropped almost to baseline levels. Categorizing vehicles according to driver sex and license plate number enabled a study of belt wearing practices of individuals, and revealed that the incentive program influenced some drivers to wear their seat belts during morning arrival when incentives were not distributed (i.e., treatment generalization) and during a follow-up period after the incentives were withdrawn (i.e., response maintenance).

Geller, E. Scott

1983-01-01

156

Rewarding safety belt usage at an industrial setting: Tests of treatment generality and response maintenance.  

PubMed

An incentive program to motivate seat belt use was implemented at a large munitions plant. Seat belt usage was assessed daily at an entrance/exit gate of the industrial complex when employees arrived for work in the morning and departed in the afternoon. During treatment incentive fliers, which prompted seat belt usage and gave belt wearers opportunities to win prizes, were distributed only in the afternoon. Seat belt wearing increased from baseline means of 20.4% and 17.3% during the morning and afternoon, respectively, to averages of 55.5% during afternoon departures and 31.1% during morning arrivals. During follow-up, mean belt use dropped almost to baseline levels. Categorizing vehicles according to driver sex and license plate number enabled a study of belt wearing practices of individuals, and revealed that the incentive program influenced some drivers to wear their seat belts during morning arrival when incentives were not distributed (i.e., treatment generalization) and during a follow-up period after the incentives were withdrawn (i.e., response maintenance). PMID:16795663

Geller, E S

1983-01-01

157

General-Purpose Heat Source Development: safety test program. Postimpact evaluation, Design Iteration Test 5  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/Pu decay to thermoelectric elements. Because of the inevitable return of certain aborted missions, the heat source must be designed and constructed to survive both re-entry and Earth impact. The Design Iteration Test (DIT) series is part of an ongoing impact test program. The fifth test (DIT-5) was designed to compare the impact response of a GPHS fueled clad that had been welded with a four-pole arc oscillator with the impact response of a clad welded with a two-pole oscillator. In DIT-5 a partial GPHS module containing two fueled clads (one welded with a four-pole oscillator and one welded with a two-pole oscillator) was impacted at 60.5 m/s and 930/sup 0/C. The fuel capsules were severely deformed by the impact; both clads breached. The capsule welded with a four-pole oscillator failed extensively. Neither failure was related to the welding technique. Postimpact analyses of the test components are described, with emphasis on microstructure and impact response.

George, T.G.; Schonfeld, F.W.

1984-12-01

158

General-Purpose Heat Source Development: safety test program. Postimpact evaluation, Design Iteration Test 4  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/Pu decay to thermoelectric elements. Because of the inevitable return of certain aborted missions, the heat source must be designed and constructed to survive both re-entry and Earth impact. The Design Iteration Test (DIT) series is part of an ongoing test program. The fourth test (DIT-4) was designed to evaluate the effect on impact behavior of changing the procedure used at the Mound Facility (MF) to remove surface defects from drawn cups. The change involved switching from a manual abrasion technique to a motorized, rubber-bonded abrasive wheel. In DIT-4 a partial GPHS module containing two fueled clads (one cleaned manually, and one cleaned with an abrasive wheel) was impacted at a velocity of 58 m/s and a temperature of 930/sup 0/C. Both capsules were severely deformed by the impact and contained large internal cracks. Although the manually cleaned capsule breached, the breaching crack was only 2 ..mu..m wide and released negligible amounts of fuel. There did not appear to be any correlation between cleaning method and capsule performance. Postimpact analyses of the DIT-4 test components are described with emphasis on microstructure and impact response.

George, T.G.; Schonfeld, F.W.

1984-12-01

159

Precautions Against Stray Magnetic Fields in Measurements with Large Alternating Currents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In electric power stations, it is often necessary to make accurate measurements of current or power when the instruments are located near to the cables carrying large alternating currents. The magnetic field produced by these currents may constitute a serious source of error in the measurements unless careful precautions are taken to guard against such disturbing effects. This paper summarizes

Francis B. Silsbee

1929-01-01

160

Improving Anesthesia Nurse Compliance with Universal Precautions Using Group Goals and Public Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Universal Precautions (UPs), procedures to reduce the likelihood of accidental exposure to blood-borne pathogens, were observed among seven Certified Nurse Anesthetists and one anesthesia technician during intravenous line procedures. After six weeks of baseline measures, nurses participated in training, goal setting, and feedback targeting hand…

Stephens, Sara D.; Ludwig, Timothy D.

2005-01-01

161

Factors determining the use of universal precautions by emergency department nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Health Belief Model (HBM) provided the theoretical framework for examining Universal Precautions (UP) compliance factors by Emergency Department nurses. A random sample of Emergency Nurses Association (ENA) clinical nurses (n = 900) from five states (New York, New Jersey, California, Texas, and Florida), were surveyed to explore the factors related to their decision to comply with UP. Five-hundred-ninety-eight (598)

June Danner Thompson

1994-01-01

162

A model of the precaution adoption process: evidence from home radon testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present the precaution adoption process model--a stage theory consisting of seven distinct states between ignorance and completed preventive action. The stages are unaware of the issue,' aware of the issue but not personally engaged,' engaged and deciding what to do,' planning to act but not yet having acted,' having decided not to act,' acting,' and maintenance.' The theory

Neil D. Weinstein; Peter M. Sandman

1992-01-01

163

Improving Anesthesia Nurse Compliance with Universal Precautions Using Group Goals and Public Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universal Precautions (UPs), procedures to reduce the likelihood of accidental exposure to blood-borne pathogens, were observed among seven Certified Nurse Anesthetists and one anesthesia technician during intravenous line procedures. After six weeks of baseline measures, nurses participated in training, goal setting, and feedback targeting hand sanitizing practices. Three weeks later immediate needle disposal was targeted. Hand sanitizing behaviors increased from

Sara D. Stephens; Timothy D. Ludwig

2005-01-01

164

Nurses’ knowledge of and compliance with universal precautions in an acute care hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the nurses’ knowledge of and compliance with Universal Precautions (UP) in an acute hospital in Hong Kong. A total of 450 nurses were randomly selected from a population of acute care nurses and 306 were successfully recruited in the study. The study revealed that the nurses’ knowledge of UP was inadequate. In addition,

Regina Chan; Alexander Molassiotis; Chan Eunice; Chan Virene; Ho Becky; Lai Chit-ying; Lam Pauline; Shit Frances; Yiu Ivy

2002-01-01

165

Food for thought on food safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

foodlink’s National Food Safety Week provides a focus for communicating messages designed to help people understand and initiate the basic precautions which can be taken to reduce the risk of food poisoning and in the process provide fun and entertainment for thousands throughout the UK. There were over 100,000 reported cases of food poisoning last year and there has been

Carol Elsasser

1999-01-01

166

A work-systems analysis of compliance with universal precautions among health care workers.  

PubMed

Universal precautions are work practices designed to protect health care workers from occupational exposure to HIV and other bloodborne pathogens. However, despite aggressive dissemination efforts by CDC and regulatory action by OSHA, compliance remains less than satisfactory. This article argues that the minimization of risk from bloodborne pathogens requires a multilevel or work-systems perspective that considers individual, job/task, and environmental/organizational factors. The available literature on universal precautions suggests the potential of such an approach and provides insight into the limited success of current worker-focused mitigation efforts. In particular, specific opportunities exist to develop and apply engineering controls, to improve the design and organization of jobs and tasks, and to create organizations that facilitate and reinforce safe behavior. PMID:8744870

DeJoy, D M; Gershon, R R; Murphy, L R; Wilson, M G

1996-05-01

167

A model of the precaution adoption process: evidence from home radon testing.  

PubMed

We present the precaution adoption process model--a stage theory consisting of seven distinct states between ignorance and completed preventive action. The stages are "unaware of the issue," "aware of the issue but not personally engaged," "engaged and deciding what to do," "planning to act but not yet having acted," "having decided not to act," "acting," and "maintenance." The theory asserts that these stages represent qualitatively different patterns of behavior, beliefs, and experience and that the factors that produce transitions between stages vary depending on the specific transition being considered. Data from seven studies of home radon testing are examined to test some of the claims made by this model. Stage theories of protective behavior are contrasted with theories that see precaution adoption in terms of movement along a single continuum of action likelihood. PMID:1618171

Weinstein, N D; Sandman, P M

1992-01-01

168

A Work-Systems Analysis of Compliance With Universal Precautions Among Health Care Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universal precautions are work practices designed to protect health care workers from occupational exposure to HIV and other bloodborne pathogens. However, despite aggressive dissemination efforts by CDC and regulatory action by OSHA, compliance remains less than satisfactory. This article argues that the minimization of risk from bloodborne pathogens requires a multilevel or work-systems perspective that considers individual, job\\/task, and environmental\\/organizational

David M. DeJoy; Robyn R. M. Gershon; Lawrence R. Murphy; Mark G. Wilson

1996-01-01

169

Safety profile of raloxifene as used in general practice in England: results of a prescription-event monitoring study.  

PubMed

Raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) licensed for the prevention of non-traumatic vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women at increased risk of osteoporosis, was launched in the UK in August 1998. The aim of the study was to monitor the safety of raloxifene prescribed in the primary care setting in England using prescription-event monitoring (PEM). Patients were identified by means of prescription data supplied by the Prescription Pricing Authority between September 1998 and November 2000. Demographic and clinical event data were collected from questionnaires posted to primary care physicians (GPs) at least 6 months after the date of the first prescription for each patient. Information on medical events, suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs), reasons for stopping treatment, pregnancies, and causes of death was requested. Event rates [Incidence Densities (IDs): no. first reports /1000 patient-months of treatment] were calculated. Differences between IDs for events reported in month one (ID(1)) and months 2-6 (ID(2-6)) of treatment were examined. The cohort comprised 13,987 patients [median age 62 years (IQR 55,69); 99.8% female]. The major indication was osteoporosis (40.9%, n=5725). Flushing was the event with the highest ID in month 1 (22.8), reported most frequently by GPs as an ADR to raloxifene (67/461 reports) and as the reason for stopping (700/4592 reports). Events associated with starting treatment included flushing, malaise/lassitude, headache/migraine, nausea/vomiting, sweating, cramp, pain abdomen, dizziness, diarrhea, mastalgia and vaginal hemorrhage. Less common events reported during treatment included deep vein thrombosis (n=13), pulmonary embolism (n=13), thrombophlebitis (n=31) and visual disturbance (n=29). In this study, there were 122 (0.9%) confirmed deaths, of which 32 causes of death were unknown. This study shows that raloxifene is generally well tolerated when used in general practice in England. Potential signals of unrecognised ADRs requiring further evaluation included gastrointestinal adverse symptoms and vaginal hemorrhage. There were also a small number of reports of events associated with venous thromboembolism and visual disorders that require further investigation. PMID:15309382

Layton, Deborah; Clarke, Andrea; Wilton, Lynda V; Shakir, Saad A W

2004-08-07

170

Evaluation of ocular and general safety following repeated dosing of dexamethasone phosphate delivered by transscleral iontophoresis in rabbits.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the toxicokinetics and tolerability (local ocular and general toxicity) of the anti-inflammatory agent, dexamethasone phosphate (a prodrug of dexamethasone) delivered to the eye in rabbits by transscleral iontophoresis. Methods: Female rabbits (n=6/group) received dexamethasone phosphate (40?mg/mL ophthalmic solution, EGP-437) transsclerally to the right eye (OD) using the Eyegate(®) II ocular iontophoresis delivery system once biweekly for 24 consecutive weeks at current doses of 10, 14, and 20 mA-min and current levels up to, and including -4 mA for 3.5-5?min. The study included 2 control groups (n=6/group): (1) a noniontophoresis control [an ocular applicator-loaded citrate buffer (placebo) without current] and (2) an iontophoresis control (a citrate buffer plus cathode iontophoresis at 20 mA-min, -4 mA for 5?min). Recoverability was evaluated 4 weeks following the last dose in 2 animals per group. The left eye (OS) was untreated and served as an internal control for each animal. Ocular and general safety of dexamethasone phosphate and dexamethasone were assessed. Other evaluations included toxicokinetics, ophthalmic examinations, intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements, electroretinographs, clinical observations, body weight, hematology and serum chemistry, gross necropsy, organ weight, and microscopic histopathology. Results: The biweekly transscleral iontophoresis with either the citrate buffer or dexamethasone phosphate at cathodic doses up to, and including 20 mA-min and currents up to, and including -4 mA for 24 weeks was well-tolerated. Transient signs of conjunctival hyperemia and chemosis, mild corneal opacity, and fluorescein staining of the cornea were noted and attributed to expected ocular reactions to the temporary placement of the ocular applicator and application of iontophoresis. There were no dexamethasone phosphate-, dexamethasone-, or iontophoresis-related effects on IOP, electroretinography, or histopathology. Reductions in body weight gain, anemia, decreased leukocyte and lymphocyte counts, compromised liver function, enlarged liver, and reduced spleen weight were consistent with systemic corticosteroid-mediated pharmacology, repeated use of anesthesia, stress, and sedentariness, and unlikely to be related to iontophoresis application. Conclusions: The results of this investigation suggest that repeated transscleral iontophoresis with dexamethasone phosphate may be safe for use as a treatment for inflammatory ocular disorders that require prolonged and/or repeated corticosteroid therapy. PMID:23844757

Patane, Michael A; Schubert, William; Sanford, Thomas; Gee, Raymond; Burgos, Melissa; Isom, William P; Ruiz-Perez, Begona

2013-07-11

171

Travel Precautions  

MedlinePLUS

... times and do not check it in. As common sense will dictate, caution should be exercised in scheduling vacations or trips to remote destinations where the level of medical care is rudimentary or where knowledge of cardiomyopathy is limited. The same considerations apply ...

172

The Potential Regional Impact of Contact Precaution Use in Nursing Homes to Control Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Implementation of contact precautions in nursing homes to prevent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) transmission could cost time and effort and may have wide-ranging effects throughout multiple health facilities. Computational modeling could forecast the potential effects and guide policy making. DESIGN Our multihospital computational agent-based model, Regional Healthcare Ecosystem Analyst (RHEA). SETTING All hospitals and nursing homes in Orange County, California. METHODS Our simulation model compared the following 3 contact precaution strategies: (1) no contact precautions applied to any nursing home residents, (2) contact precautions applied to those with clinically apparent MRSA infections, and (3) contact precautions applied to all known MRSA carriers as determined by MRSA screening performed by hospitals. RESULTS Our model demonstrated that contact precautions for patients with clinically apparent MRSA infections in nursing homes resulted in a median 0.4% (range, 0%–1.6%) relative decrease in MRSA prevalence in nursing homes (with 50% adherence) but had no effect on hospital MRSA prevalence, even 5 years after initiation. Implementation of contact precautions (with 50% adherence) in nursing homes for all known MRSA carriers was associated with a median 14.2% (range, 2.1%–21.8%) relative decrease in MRSA prevalence in nursing homes and a 2.3% decrease (range, 0%–7.1%) in hospitals 1 year after implementation. Benefits accrued over time and increased with increasing compliance. CONCLUSIONS Our modeling study demonstrated the substantial benefits of extending contact precautions in nursing homes from just those residents with clinically apparent infection to all MRSA carriers, which suggests the benefits of hospitals and nursing homes sharing and coordinating information on MRSA surveillance and carriage status.

Lee, Bruce Y.; Singh, Ashima; Bartsch, Sarah M.; Wong, Kim F.; Kim, Diane S.; Avery, Taliser R.; Brown, Shawn T.; Murphy, Courtney R.; Yilmaz, S. Levent; Huang, Susan S.

2013-01-01

173

Safety Analysis of the 2.5 Mv Accelerator in the Solid State Division'S Positive Heavy Ion Scattering Implantation, Channeling and Sputtering (Phisics) Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A safety system, with precautions against radiation hazards, electrical hazards, hazards from high pressure and high vacuum equipment, and fire hazards, is described. The possible radiation doses for operators are considered, including neutron production ...

O. E. Schow

1975-01-01

174

A clinical trial of efficacy and safety of inhalation sedation with a 50% nitrous oxide\\/oxygen premix (Kalinox™) in general practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study aimed to verify if the safety and effectiveness of inhalation sedation with 50% nitrous oxide in oxygen\\u000a (N2O\\/O2) is maintained when the premix is administrated by trained general practitioners in their dental surgeries compared to its\\u000a use in the hospital. Success (completion of planned treatment), cooperation (modified Venham scale), and adverse events were\\u000a recorded. The acceptability of

Martine Hennequin; Valérie Collado; Denise Faulks; Serge Koscielny; Peter Onody; Emmanuel Nicolas

175

Do Active Surveillance and Contact Precautions Reduce MRSA Acquisition? A Prospective Interrupted Time Series  

PubMed Central

Background Consensus for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) control has still not been reached. We hypothesised that use of rapid MRSA detection followed by contact precautions and single room isolation would reduce MRSA acquisition. Methods This study was a pre-planned prospective interrupted time series comparing rapid PCR detection and use of long sleeved gowns and gloves (contact precautions) plus single room isolation or cohorting of MRSA colonised patients with a control group. The study took place in a medical-surgical intensive care unit of a tertiary adult hospital between May 21st 2007 and September 21st 2009. The primary outcome was the rate of MRSA acquisition. A segmented regression analysis was performed to determine the trend in MRSA acquisition rates before and after the intervention. Findings The rate of MRSA acquisition was 18.5 per 1000 at risk patient days in the control phase and 7.9 per 1000 at-risk patient days in the intervention phase, with an adjusted hazard ratio 0.39 (95% CI 0.24 to 0.62). Segmented regression analysis showed a decline in MRSA acquisition of 7% per month in the intervention phase, (95%CI 1.9% to 12.8% reduction) which was a significant change in slope compared with the control phase. Secondary analysis found prior exposure to anaerobically active antibiotics and colonization pressure were associated with increased acquisition risk. Conclusion Contact precautions with single room isolation or cohorting were associated with a 60% reduction in MRSA acquisition. While this study was a quasi-experimental design, many measures were taken to strengthen the study, such as accounting for differences in colonisation pressure, hand hygiene compliance and individual risk factors across the groups, and confining the study to one centre to reduce variation in transmission. Use of two research nurses may limit its generalisability to units in which this level of support is available.

Marshall, Caroline; Richards, Michael; McBryde, Emma

2013-01-01

176

Safety profile of raloxifene as used in general practice in England: results of a prescription-event monitoring study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) licensed for the prevention of non-traumatic vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women at increased risk of osteoporosis, was launched in the UK in August 1998. The aim of the study was to monitor the safety of raloxifene prescribed in the primary care setting in England using prescription-event monitoring (PEM). Patients were identified by means

Deborah Layton; Andrea Clarke; Lynda V. Wilton; Saad A. W. Shakir

2005-01-01

177

Order of the Ministry of Labour of 9 March 1971 on Health and Safety at Work. General Ordinance (Spain).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Order regulates the health protection of workers in all fields, including the field of radiation. It lays down provisions to be complied with for the safety of workers involved with infrared and ultra-violet rays as well as with ionizing radiation. (...

1971-01-01

178

Safety Considerations in Developing an Adolescent Sex Offender Program in Residential Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes safety precautions utilized in the development and management of a specialized residential treatment program for adolescent sex offenders. Topics include the screening of admissions, the selection of staff and the development of a separate living unit for sex offenders. Guidelines for both resident and staff safety are presented as critical considerations in developing such a program. A

Jonathan E. Ross; Mark P. de Villier

1993-01-01

179

Scope on Safety: Responsible use of live animals in the classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Keeping live animals in the classroom or laboratory makes science come alive for students. The use of animals in the classroom or laboratory is highly encouraged, providing appropriate care and safety are addressed. This article addresses appropriate safety precautions and describes the types of animals that are suitable for classrooms.

Roy, Ken

2004-07-01

180

Sigmoidoscopy. Is it a general practice procedure?  

PubMed

Sigmoidoscopy can readily be learnt and practised by a general practitioner interested in looking after patients with colorectal problems. Examination with a rigid sigmoidoscope has advantages over use of the flexible instrument for the frequent user. Details of the equipment needed for sigmoidoscopy as well as a method, precautions and some typical findings are described. PMID:9988917

Iseli, A

1999-01-01

181

Site Safety Plan for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory CERCLA investigations  

SciTech Connect

The safety policy of LLNL is to take every reasonable precaution in the performance of work to protect the environment and the health and safety of employees and the public, and to prevent property damage. With respect to hazardous agents, this protection is provided by limiting human exposures, releases to the environment, and contamination of property to levels that are as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA). It is the intent of this Plan to supply the broad outline for completing environmental investigations within ALARA guidelines. It may not be possible to determine actual working conditions in advance of the work; therefore, planning must allow the opportunity to provide a range of protection based upon actual working conditions. Requirements will be the least restrictive possible for a given set of circumstances, such that work can be completed in an efficient and timely fashion. Due to the relatively large size of the LLNL Site and the different types of activities underway, site-specific Operational Safety Procedures (OSPs) will be prepared to supplement activities not covered by this Plan. These site-specific OSPs provide the detailed information for each specific activity and act as an addendum to this Plan, which provides the general plan for LLNL Main Site operation.

Bainer, R.; Duarte, J.

1993-07-01

182

Robot safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview of the analysis which should be undertaken with regard to safety where robotic systems are used. Looks at accidents associated with these systems and the legislation covering their operation in the workplace. Outlines general guidelines for robotic system design, implementation and maintenance and the various factors which should be considered with regard to safety. Describes a proposed International

G R Ward; S R G Went

1995-01-01

183

Ethical acceptability, health policy and foods biotechnology based foods: is there a third way between the precaution principle and an overly enthusiastic dissemination of GMO?  

PubMed

The demand for consumer safety with regard to the food-processing industry is becoming, legitimately, more and more urgent. If ingested drugs can carry deleterious effects that exceed the beneficial effect that the research was initially undertaken for, then the same can only be the case for foods that stem from the same new biotechnologies, zero risk being non existent. There are two conflicting viewpoints about the possible risks linked to genetically modified organisms: a posteriori protection (based on vigilance once the product is on the market) and an a priori protection (at present usually supported by the precaution principle). We suggest a third way, which ensures consumer safety, but doesn't hinder scientific progress. Just as there are regulations for the protection of human subjects in biomedical research and regulations for the use of drugs after they are marketed, so should such regulations be introduced in the domains of food production that use biotechnologies. We therefore suggest that the scientific community and the food-processing industry develop evaluation protocols for new foods like the ones that exist for drugs. We thus offer thirteen regulations, based on the Helsinki declaration, in order to establish these protocols. These proposals, applied to food-processing research, would enable the industry to return confidence to consumers and thus avoid the random blocking of scientific progress, which is a source of health for the greater population. PMID:11401233

Meningaud, J P; Moutel, G; Hervé, C

2001-01-01

184

Risk management and precaution: insights on the cautious use of evidence.  

PubMed Central

Risk management, done well, should be inherently precautionary. Adopting an appropriate degree of precaution with respect to feared health and environmental hazards is fundamental to risk management. The real problem is in deciding how precautionary to be in the face of inevitable uncertainties, demanding that we understand the equally inevitable false positives and false negatives from screening evidence. We consider a framework for detection and judgment of evidence of well-characterized hazards, using the concepts of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value that are well established for medical diagnosis. Our confidence in predicting the likelihood of a true danger inevitably will be poor for rare hazards because of the predominance of false positives; failing to detect a true danger is less likely because false negatives must be rarer than the danger itself. Because most controversial environmental hazards arise infrequently, this truth poses a dilemma for risk management.

Hrudey, Steve E; Leiss, William

2003-01-01

185

Precautions to be taken by radiologists and radiographers when prescribing hyoscine-N-butylbromide.  

PubMed

Hyoscine-N-butylbromide (Buscopan, Boehringer Ingelheim) is a widely used antispasmodic in radiological practice. There seems to be no consensus as to best practice within radiology regarding the precautions that need to be taken when prescribing Buscopan. We have performed a thorough review of the available literature and make the following recommendations to those administering Buscopan: (1) enquire whether there is an allergic history; (2) ensure patient literature warns that "in the rare event that following the examination you develop painful, blurred vision in one or both eyes, you must attend hospital immediately for assessment"; (3) warn patients to expect blurred vision and not to drive until this has worn off; (4) remind clinicians that special consideration needs to be given as to the method of investigating patients with cardiac instability, such as those recently admitted with acute coronary syndrome, recurrent cardiac pain at rest, uncontrolled left ventricular failure and recent ventricular arrhythmias. PMID:18555031

Dyde, R; Chapman, A H; Gale, R; Mackintosh, A; Tolan, D J M

2008-05-02

186

A Comparison of the Effectiveness of Interactive Laser Disc and Classroom Video Tape for Safety Instruction of General Motors Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes evaluation that assessed the effectiveness of the Interactive Laser Disc System (ILDS) Training Program in comparison with classroom instruction with videotape for training of General Motors workers. Topics discussed include achievement test, attitude scales, opinion surveys, user preference questionnaires, interviews, and variables that…

Bosco, James; Wagner, Jerry

1988-01-01

187

Factors influencing nurses' compliance with Standard Precautions in order to avoid occupational exposure to microorganisms: A focus group study  

PubMed Central

Background Nurses may acquire an infection during the provision of nursing care because of occupational exposure to microorganisms. Relevant literature reports that, compliance with Standard Precautions (a set of guidelines that can protect health care professionals from being exposed to microorganisms) is low among nurses. Additionally, high rates of exposure to microorganisms among nurses via several modes (needlesticks, hand contamination with blood, exposure to air-transmitted microorganisms) occur. The aim of the study was to study the factors that influence nurses' compliance with Standard Precaution in order to avoid occupational exposure to pathogens, by employing a qualitative research design. Method A focus group approach was used to explore the issue under study. Four focus groups (N = 30) were organised to elicit nurses' perception of the factors that influence their compliance with Standard Precautions. The Health Belief Model (HBM) was used as the theoretical framework and the data were analysed according to predetermined criteria. Results Following content analysis, factors that influence nurses' compliance emerged. Most factors could be applied to one of the main domains of the HBM: benefits, barriers, severity, susceptibility, cues to action, and self-efficacy. Conclusions Changing current behavior requires knowledge of the factors that may influence nurses' compliance with Standard Precautions. This knowledge will facilitate in the implementation of programs and preventive actions that contribute in avoiding of occupational exposure.

2011-01-01

188

Experimental Evidence for Stages of Health Behavior Change: The Precaution Adoption Process Model Applied to Home Radon Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypotheses generated by the precaution adoption process model, a stage model of health behavior, were tested in the context of home radon testing. The specific idea tested was that the barriers impeding progress toward protective action change from stage to stage. An intervention describing a high risk of radon problems in study area homes was designed to encourage homeowners in

Neil D. Weinstein; Judith E. Lyon; Peter M. Sandman; Cara L. Cuite

1998-01-01

189

[Equalization of breast cancer chemotherapy at general hospital( II )-evaluation of safety in FEC and TC regimens].  

PubMed

The safety of epirubicin (75 mg/m(2)), 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m(2)) plus cyclophosphamide (500 mg/m(2)) (FEC75 therapy) and docetaxel (75 mg/m(2)) plus cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m(2)) (TC therapy) every three weeks as neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy was evaluated. Six or 9 patients received FEC75 or TC therapy, respectively. The nadir of white blood cells and neutrocyte counts in FEC75 and TC therapy were after 11-15 days and 8-11 days of chemotherapy, respectively. On the other hand, those of monocyte and reticulocyte counts were after 8-11 and 4-8 days for FEC75 and TC therapy, respectively. This suggests that there is a lag time in these parameters for the evaluation of myelosuppression in each chemotherapy regimen, resulting in the prediction of the degree of myelotoxicity by these profiles. Although 2 patients who received TC therapy encountered febrile neutropenia, the symptoms were improved by quinolones, and so granulocyte colony-stimulating factor was not needed. In addition, remarkable non-hematological side effects were not observed, and, therefore, almost all chemotherapy was performed as scheduled. From these results, FEC75 and TC therapy are considered to be safe. PMID:19838026

Kitada, Noriaki; Nishino, Masayuki; Yasuda, Jun; Morita, Satoko; Fujii, Chika; Minegaki, Tetsuya; Kondoh, Mayumi; Anami, Setsuko; Takara, Kohji; Watari, Masakatsu

2009-10-01

190

49 CFR 193.2603 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FACILITIES: FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 193.2603 General. (a) Each component in...

2012-10-01

191

49 CFR 193.2603 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FACILITIES: FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 193.2603 General. (a) Each component in...

2011-10-01

192

Safety Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists 72 organizations and programs that deal with child safety, grouped by the following categories: (1) general; (2) general violence; (3) gun violence; (4) media violence; (5) drugs and alcohol; (6) child abuse and at-risk children; (7) parenting programs; (8) community service programs; (9) leadership programs; (10) peer counseling; (11)…

Hoot, James L.; Bartkowiak, Elaine T.

1994-01-01

193

Missouri Elementary Science Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this safety manual is to provide a resource to help manage and minimize potential risks in science classrooms where students spend up to 60% of instructional time engaged in hands-on activities. Information on general laboratory safety, science equipment safety, safety with plants, safety with animals, safety with chemicals, field…

Lemons, Judith L.

194

Precautions taken to avoid abandoning the act of hanging and reducing pain in suicidal hanging cases.  

PubMed

This study presents 17 cases of hanging with some preventative measures, when compared with usual hanging fatalities, between 2002 and 2006 in the province of Konya, Turkey. We observed in 4 cases that the victim had only tied together their hands, whereas in 1 case both the hands (with a clothesline) and mouth (with a plastic bag) had been fastened. In a further case, the oral orifice had been closed using a scarf and in the remaining 11 cases, soft materials such as a scarf, hood, the collar of a coat or shirt had been used as padding against the ligature loop. At first glance, the cases where the victim's hands and/or mouth were found tied were thought to be homicides. However, an investigation of the death scene, together with the autopsy findings and inquiry data, showed the cause of death was from suicide. Thus, in suicidal hanging cases certain precautions and preventative measures were observed. For example, tying the hands together was regarded as a means to make self-release impossible; closure of the oral orifice as a means to prevent the victim from calling out for help, and placing soft material against the ligature loop was thought to be an attempt to lessen the feeling of pain. PMID:19237850

Demirci, Serafettin; Dogan, Kamil Hakan; Erkol, Zerrin; Deniz, Idris

2009-03-01

195

Safety class methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

DOE Order 6430.1A, General Design Criteria (GDC), requires that DOE facilities be evaluated with respect to safety class items.'' Although the GDC defines safety class items, it does not provide a methodology for selecting safety class items. The methodology described in this paper was developed to assure that Safety Class Items at the Savannah River Site (SRS) are selected in

E. B. Donner; J. M. Low; C. R. Lux

1992-01-01

196

Safety class methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

DOE Order 6430.1A, General Design Criteria (GDC), requires that DOE facilities be evaluated with respect to ``safety class items.`` Although the GDC defines safety class items, it does not provide a methodology for selecting safety class items. The methodology described in this paper was developed to assure that Safety Class Items at the Savannah River Site (SRS) are selected in

E. B. Donner; J. M. Low; C. R. Lux

1992-01-01

197

Evaluation of the contribution of isolation precautions in prevention and control of multi-resistant bacteria in a teaching hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

From February 1999 to January 2000, a control programme to prevent the spread multi-resistant bacteria (MRB) was implemented in a French teaching hospital. This programme focused on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (ESBL), and was based on the application of barrier precautions (washing hands with antiseptic soaps, wearing disposable gloves and gowns, identifying MRB carriers). No

M Eveillard; F Eb; B Tramier; J. L Schmit; F.-X Lescure; M Biendo; B Canarelli; F Daoudi; G Laurans; F Rousseau; D Thomas

2001-01-01

198

Precautions and strategies in using a commercial flatbed scanner for radiochromic film dosimetry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of a commercially available flatbed scanner for film dosimetry with radiochromic film for external radiotherapy. The EPSON Pro 1680 Expression scanner was examined as a densitometer for two-dimensional film dosimetry with Gafchromic EBT film. An accurate and efficient scanning procedure was established. Possible drift and warm-up effects of the scanner were studied and the direct physical influence of the scanner light on the radiochromic film was assessed. Next, we investigated the scan field uniformity. Also, we examined if the accuracy of radiochromic film was improved by subtracting the optical density of the unirradiated blank film from the optical density of the irradiated film. To assess the accuracy of Gafchromic EBT film when the EPSON scanner was used as a densitometer, the depth dose of a 2 × 15 cm2 field and the in-plane and cross-plane profiles of a 15 × 15 cm2 field were measured and compared with diamond detector measurements. When taking consecutive scans, we found that the optical density taken from the first scan was about 1% higher than the optical density taken from subsequent scans. We attribute this to the warming up of the lamp of the scanner. Longer-term drift of the scanner was found to be absent. We found that the use of a correction matrix was necessary to correct for the non-uniform scanner response over the scan field. Subtracting the optical density of the unirradiated blank film from the irradiated film improves the precision of the Gafchromic EBT film. Depth dose and profile measurements with Gafchromic EBT film and the diamond detector are in agreement within 2.5%. The EPSON Pro 1680 Expression scanner is an excellent tool for accurate two-dimensional film dosimetry with Gafchromic EBT film provided that some precautions and corrections are taken into account.

Paelinck, L.; DeNeve, W.; DeWagter, C.

2007-01-01

199

Care of HIV-infected patients: nurses' concerns, opinions, and precautions.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to describe nurses' concerns, opinions, and precautions related to nursing patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Of special interest was a comparison of responses by nurses who reported exposure to the HIV through broken skin or mucous membranes with the responses of nurses who reported no such exposure. The sample included all staff nurses employed in either the ambulatory/home health care unit or in one of seven inpatient critical care units of a large urban medical center. Of the 323 respondents, 64 (20%) reported HIV exposure, 77 (24%) reported no exposure, and 180 (56%) reported not knowing if they had been exposed. A 15-item Likert-type scale was used. More HIV-exposed nurses than non-exposed nurses reported: (a) worrying about becoming HIV-infected; (b) considering a change of specialty or profession because of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) risk; and (c) favoring selected HIV-related policies. Of the total sample, nearly all subjects agreed that staff nurses should be involved in developing HIV-related policies affecting nurses; and over one-half said that, if the agency gave them the option, they would refuse assignment to HIV-infected patients. Nearly 30% said that they had considered changing their profession because of the AIDS risk. Some implications are that nursing administrators should involve well-informed staff nurses in formulating HIV-related policies that affect nurses. The HIV-exposed nurses may need support in dealing with their concerns resulting from HIV-exposure, and they may need more information about HIV-infection control and seroconversion rates of HIV-exposed nurses. PMID:2317053

Wiley, K; Heath, L; Acklin, M; Earl, A; Barnard, B

1990-02-01

200

Generalization of medical and health compliance research to coal-mine safety. Open file report, 1 September 1983-28 February 1985  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods for increasing compliance to medical and health regimens were reviewed along with similar research in industrial and mine safety. Principles abstracted from both areas suggest that compliance with health and safety practices is improved when (1) workers are cooperatively involved with management in setting safety goals and planning for their achievement, (2) the program has the support of workers,

H. P. Cole; P. K. Berger; T. F. Garrity; C. D. Auvenshine; A. B. Szwilski

1985-01-01

201

Role of parecoxib in pre-emptive analgesia: comparison of the efficacy and safety of pre- and postoperative parecoxib in patients undergoing general surgery.  

PubMed

Management of acute postoperative pain remains sub-optimal despite the availability of multiple analgesics and improved pain management strategies (with nearly 80 % of patients reporting moderate to extreme pain following surgery). To evaluate the role of parecoxib as a pre-emptive analgesic in patients undergoing general surgery, the present study was undertaken. Eighty patients of either sex, aged 18 to 70 years, requiring elective ambulatory general surgery like hernioplasty, appendicectomy, cholecystectomy, etc, were enrolled in this prospective, randomised, assessor-blind, parallel-group, comparative trial. Eligible patients were randomised to receive a single dose of 40 mg of parecoxib IM/IV either 30-45 minutes prior to induction of anesthesia (pre-emptive analgesia) or in the postoperative period when one reported pain or when the effects of anesthesia were worn off (whichever was earlier). The primary measures of efficacy were pain intensity scores measured on a visual analog scale (VAS) and pain relief before and after therapy. Adverse event monitoring, physical examination and changes in laboratory tests, chest x-ray and ECG were used to evaluate safety. A comparison of the pain intensity scores between the two groups revealed that patients treated with parecoxib preoperatively did not complain of pain in the entire postoperative period up to 12 hours. Mild pain (1.05+/-1.36) was reported by patients in this group only at the 24 hours assessment. On the other hand, patients treated with parecoxib in the postoperative period, experienced severe pain at baseline, which declined gradually up to 12 hours. The difference in the pain intensity scores between the two groups was statistically significant at all the time intervals from 0 hour to 24 hours. All the 40 patients (100%) in the pre-operatively treated group reported total pain relief at 12 hours compared to only 22 patients (55%) in the postoperative period. At 24 hours total pain relief was reported by 70% of the patients in the pre-operatively treated group, compared to only 20% (8) patients in the postoperatively treated group. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant in favour of the pre-operatively treated group (p<0.05). Present results suggested that pre-operative administration of parecoxib was more effective than a postoperative use in providing pain relief in postoperative period in patients undergoing elective general surgical procedures. Both the regimens were well tolerated. Based on the above data, it appears that pre-operative dose of parecoxib 40 mg IV/IM is a useful optionfor pre-emptive analgesia in general surgical practice. PMID:15636035

Bajaj, P; Ballary, C C; Dongre, N A; Baliga, V P; Desai, A A

2004-05-01

202

Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 3: Motorcycle Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Volume 3 of the 19-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) concentrates on aspects of motorcycle safety. The purpose and specific objectives of a State motorcycle safety program are outlined. Federal authority in the highway safety area and general

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

203

Safety and Efficacy of Sitagliptin Therapy for the Inpatient Management of General Medicine and Surgery Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A pilot, randomized, controlled study.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE This study investigated the safety and efficacy of sitagliptin (Januvia) for the inpatient management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in general medicine and surgery patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this pilot, multicenter, open-label, randomized study, patients (n = 90) with a known history of T2D treated with diet, oral antidiabetic agents, or low total daily dose of insulin (?0.4 units/kg/day) were randomized to receive sitagliptin alone or in combination with glargine insulin (glargine) or to a basal bolus insulin regimen (glargine and lispro) plus supplemental (correction) doses of lispro. Major study outcomes included differences in daily blood glucose (BG), frequency of treatment failures (defined as three or more consecutive BG >240 mg/dL or a mean daily BG >240 mg/dL), and hypoglycemia between groups. RESULTS Glycemic control improved similarly in all treatment groups. There were no differences in the mean daily BG after the 1st day of treatment (P = 0.23), number of readings within a BG target of 70 and 140 mg/dL (P = 0.53), number of BG readings >200 mg/dL (P = 0.23), and number of treatment failures (P > 0.99). The total daily insulin dose and number of insulin injections were significantly less in the sitagliptin groups compared with the basal bolus group (both P < 0.001). There were no differences in length of hospital stay (P = 0.78) or in the number of hypoglycemic events between groups (P = 0.86). CONCLUSIONS Results of this pilot indicate that treatment with sitagliptin alone or in combination with basal insulin is safe and effective for the management of hyperglycemia in general medicine and surgery patients with T2D. PMID:23877988

Umpierrez, Guillermo E; Gianchandani, Roma; Smiley, Dawn; Jacobs, Sol; Wesorick, David H; Newton, Christopher; Farrokhi, Farnoosh; Peng, Limin; Reyes, David; Lathkar-Pradhan, Sangeeta; Pasquel, Francisco

2013-07-22

204

Efficacy and safety of intravenous amiodarone in recent-onset atrial fibrillation: experience in patients admitted to a general internal medicine department  

PubMed Central

We examined the efficacy and safety of intravenous amiodarone in 20 unselected patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation who were admitted to a general internal medicine department during a 6-month period. The treatment protocol included a loading dose of 1200 mg intravenous amiodarone in 24 hours, after which amiodarone treatment was continued orally. Eleven of the 20 patients (55%) converted to sinus rhythm within 48 hours of intravenous amiodarone treatment and were discharged in sinus rhythm, while 9/20 (45%) patients failed to convert during hospitalisation. Six patients (30%) failed to convert to sinus rhythm even after one further month of oral treatment. There was one death and a high frequency (25%) of thrombophlebitis during hospitalisation. The in-hospital non-convertors had a significantly lower ejection fraction and initial low ventricular response rate than the convertors. In conclusion, the acute conversion rate by intravenous amiodarone was at best modest. It is suggested that intravenous amiodarone is probably more effective in patients with rapid recent-onset atrial fibrillation and good left ventricular function.???Keywords: amiodarone; atrial fibrillation

Kreiss, Y.; Sidi, Y.; Gur, H.

1999-01-01

205

Generalization of medical and health compliance research to coal-mine safety. Open file report, 1 September 1983-28 February 1985  

SciTech Connect

Methods for increasing compliance to medical and health regimens were reviewed along with similar research in industrial and mine safety. Principles abstracted from both areas suggest that compliance with health and safety practices is improved when (1) workers are cooperatively involved with management in setting safety goals and planning for their achievement, (2) the program has the support of workers, supervisors, and management, (3) specific tasks responsible for injuries are targeted, (4) company organizational policy, educational, and behavioral programs work together toward the same goals, (5) workers and supervisors are frequently informed about their degree of correct task performance, and (6) programs are monitored by the frequency of correct performance of targeted tasks (the means to lowered accident rates) rather than by lowered accident and injury rates themselves (the goals for safety programs). Safety programs that incorporate these principles increase person's adherence to specified health and safety practices and subsequently decrease injury rates.

Cole, H.P.; Berger, P.K.; Garrity, T.F.; Auvenshine, C.D.; Szwilski, A.B.

1985-02-01

206

LET THEM EAT PRECAUTION: WHY GM CROPS ARE BEING OVERREGULATED IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetically modified (GM) food and feed crops are scarcely being planted anywhere in the developing world. The reason is superficially straightforward: in most cases national food safety and biosafety regulators have not yet made it legal for farmers to plant these crops. Yet explaining this high degree of regulatory caution in the developing world is not so simple, given the

Robert L. Paarlberg

207

Revitalizing Nuclear Safety Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers the general issues involved in nuclear safety research and points out the areas needing detailed consideration. Topics included are: (1) "Principles of Nuclear Safety Research" (examining who should fund, who should conduct, and who should set the agenda for nuclear safety research); (2) "Elements of a Future Agenda for Nuclear…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

208

Knowledge of blood-borne infectious diseases and the practice of universal precautions amongst health-care workers in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia.  

PubMed

This study aimed to assess the knowledge of blood-borne diseases transmitted through needle stick injuries amongst health-care workers in a tertiary teaching hospital. We also aimed to assess the practices of universal precautions amongst these workers and its correlation with the facts. We carried out a cross-sectional study from January to July 2008 involving various levels of health-care workers in Serdang Hospital, Selangor, Malaysia. A self-administered questionnaire assessing knowledge of blood-borne diseases and universal precautions, and actual practice of universal precautions was used. Two hundred fifteen respondents participated in this study; 63.3% were staff nurses. The mean knowledge score was 31.84 (SD 4.30) and the mean universal practice score was 9.0 (SD 2.1). There was a small, positive correlation between knowledge and actual practice of universal precautions (r = 0.300, n = 206, p < 0.001) amongst the cohort studied. Factors such as age and years of experience did not contribute towards acquisition of knowledge about blood-borne illnesses or the practice of universal precautions. PMID:21073041

Hamid, M Z A; Aziz, N A; Anita, A R; Norlijah, O

2010-09-01

209

General Motors Corporation. Guide It Sae Stiap Combination Rear Lamp. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 108 (Lamps, Reflective Devices and Associated Equipment).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report pertains to tests conducted by an independent contractor as part of the National Highway Safety Bureau's compliance testing program to determine whether or not motor vehicles and items of motor vehicle equipment comply with applicable Federal M...

1969-01-01

210

Key Safety Challenges Facing the Federal Aviation Administration. Statement of the Honorable Calvin L. Scovel III, Inspector General, U.S. Department of Transportation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

However, a number of high-profile events, including fundamental breakdowns in FAA oversight at Southwest Airlines (SWA), have raised legitimate concerns about the effectiveness of FAA's overall approach to safety oversight and what changes are needed. The...

2008-01-01

211

Challenging patient safety culture: survey results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to measure patient safety culture in five Belgian general hospitals. Safety culture plays an important role in the approach towards greater patient safety in hospitals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The Patient Safety Culture Hospital questionnaire was distributed hospital-wide in five general hospitals. It evaluates ten patient safety culture dimensions and two outcomes. The scores

Johan Hellings; Ward Schrooten; Niek Klazinga; Arthur Vleugels

2007-01-01

212

Tutorial on nuclear thermal propulsion safety for Mars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A range of safety topics related to the use of nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) are examined including risk and safety analysis methodologies, NERVA reliability, and life-cycle risk assessments. A list of goals for the safe use of NTP is given which includes low radiation levels, avoiding unplanned core destruction, and preventing inadvertent criticality. Safety analysis and failure-mode analysis for NTP are illustrated by means of the fault tree analysis, event tree analysis, failure modes and effects analysis, and preliminary hazards analysis. Data from the NERVA propulsion program show that safety requirements built into the NTP engine are important for diagnostic and preventive assessments. Other key issues affecting the safety of an NTP program encompass precautions at the launch pad, crew isolation from reactor radiation, flight operations safety, and final disposal of the NTP engines and wastes.

Buden, David

1992-07-01

213

Microwave and Man--The Direct and Indirect Hazards, and the Precautions  

PubMed Central

Microwave-radar is a form of electromagnetic energy with potential hazards to human health and safety. Its lethal and non-lethal harmful effects have been demonstrated in experimental animals. Lethal effects upon humans from exposure to microwave have not been proved. Alleged non-lethal effects have been limited primarily to cataractogenesis. Increasing use of microwave commercially in communications and domestically, as in micro-ovens, increases the hazard of exposure to microwave. Increasing use of devices which are at risk from microwave, such as implanted cardiac pacemakers and metal surgical appliances and electronic monitoring devices in operating rooms and clinics, present increasing environmental hazards.

Merckel, Charles

1972-01-01

214

Early interactions between animal psychologists and animal activists and the founding of the APA Committee on Precautions in Animal Experimentation.  

PubMed

The current conflict between animal psychologists and animal rights activists often is presented as a recent and unique phenomenon. Although its scope may be unprecedented, the fundamental issues are longstanding. Early criticisms of animal psychologists are viewed in the context of the broader Victorian antivivisectionist movement and are seen as similar to those of the present time. Various attitudes toward animals and research were expressed by individuals such as Charles Darwin, George John Romanes, William James, and John Dewey. Media attacks on animal research were directed at psychologists such as G. Stanley Hall, John B. Watson, Ivan P. Pavlov, and Edward L. Thorndike. The American Psychological Association Committee on Precautions in Animal Experimentation was founded in 1925 at the instigation of Walter B. Cannon, with Robert M. Yerkes as the first chair. PMID:2178508

Dewsbury, D A

1990-03-01

215

Vocational Safety Guide to Generalized Safety Provisions as They Apply to: Agricultural Education, Business and Office Education, Health Occupations Education, Home Economics Education, Industrial Arts Education, Marketing and Distributive Education, Trade and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This vocational safety guide is designed to help Missouri school practitioners at all levels in providing for the safe instruction and work associated with practical arts and vocational and technical subjects. Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: Missouri legislation and regulations pertaining to school…

Dyrenfurth, Michael J.; Linhardt, Richard E.

216

Precautions against biological and chemical terrorism directed at food and water supplies.  

PubMed

Deliberate food and water contamination remains the easiest way to distribute biological or chemical agents for the purpose of terrorism, despite the national focus on dissemination of these agents as small-particle aerosols or volatile liquids. Moreover, biological terrorism as a result of sabotage of our food supply has already occurred in the United States. A review of naturally occurring food- and waterborne outbreaks exposes this vulnerability and reaffirms that, depending on the site of contamination, a significant number of people could be infected or injured over a wide geographic area. Major knowledge gaps exist with regard to the feasibility of current disinfection and inspection methods to protect our food and water against contamination by a number of biological and chemical agents. However, a global increase in food and water safety initiatives combined with enhanced disease surveillance and response activities are our best hope to prevent and respond quickly to food- and waterborne bioterrorism. PMID:11571403

Khan, A S; Swerdlow, D L; Juranek, D D

217

Safety of School Playground Equipment. Report of the Department of Education to the Governor and the General Assembly of Virginia. House Document No. 26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a Virginia study to determine if a need exists for statewide standards to ensure the safety of school playgrounds are presented in this document. Data were derived from a literature review, document analysis, and two statewide surveys: one to all school division superintendents (75); and one to the principals of 54 elementary schools.…

Virginia State General Assembly, Richmond. House.

218

Farm Safety  

PubMed Central

Accident and safety are related terms; the higher the accident rate in any industry, the greater is the need for safety measures designed to prevent accidents. This article discusses the accident and safety problems in agriculture, which includes horticulture and forestry. There is still a tendency among townspeople to think of the countryside as peaceful and tranquil, a place where nothing happens very quickly and far removed from violent death or crippling injury. This pleasant rustic picture has undergone a striking change in the last 30 years owing to considerable agricultural mechanization and the development of chemical pesticides, which have brought new dangers to those who live and work on the land. Although men have readily adapted themselves to new machines and methods, they have not proved as able to recognize new dangers and learn how to guard against them. In consequence, accidents have increased to such an extent that the whole industry has realized the need for positive preventive measures. In this country, it is generally accepted that an employer of labour has a responsibility to provide safe working conditions for those he employs. Farm safety legislation goes a little further and usually requires an employer to provide necessary safeguards, with the added requirement on a worker to make use of them. It is a feature of accident prevention work that it never reaches a stage when it can be regarded as complete. Even when a reduction in accidents has been achieved, the effort must be sustained or the trend will be quickly reversed. Images

Wilson, G. S.

1966-01-01

219

Compliance and noncompliance of Universal Precautions among different groups of health care workers using the construct of the Health Belief Model: Implications for curriculum decision-making  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research identified the factors of compliance and noncompliance of Universal Precautions (UP) among and within different groups of HCWs at a 420-bed teaching hospital in the midwest and tried to determine the underlying behavior patterns associated with the noncompliance through the use of the Health Belief Model.^ Through a descriptive research design, 168 HCWs responded to an anonymous, self-report,

Joanne M Sherman-Price

1996-01-01

220

Cluster of Cases of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Among Toronto Healthcare Workers After Implementation of Infection Control Precautions: A Case Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

objective. To review the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) infection control practices, the types of exposure to patients with SARS, and the activities associated with treatment of such patients among healthcare workers (HCWs) who developed SARS in Toronto, Canada, after SARS-specific infection control precautions had been implemented. methods. A retrospective review of work logs and patient assignments, detailed review of

Denise Gravel; L. Clifford McDonald; Marcus Lem; Shelley Sarwal; Allison McGeer; Karen Green; Mary Vearncombe; Virginia Roth; Shirley Paton; Mark Loeb; Andrew Simor

2006-01-01

221

Scary warnings and rational precautions: A review of the psychology of fear appeals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research into the effects of fear-arousal on precautionary motivation and action is reviewed. Current models do not adequately distinguish between emotional (i.e., fear arousal) and cognitive (i.e., threat perception) responses to fear appeals and, in general, are not well supported. Evidence suggesting that (i) coping appraisals are more powerful predictors of precautionary action than threat perception and that (ii) fear

Robert A. C. Ruiter; Charles Abraham; Gerjo Kok

2001-01-01

222

Science, precaution, and the politics of technological risk: converging implications in evolutionary and social scientific perspectives.  

PubMed

This paper examines apparent tensions between "science-based," "precautionary," and "participatory" approaches to decision making on risk. Partly by reference to insights currently emerging in evolutionary studies, the present paper looks for ways to reconcile some of the contradictions. First, I argue that technological evolution is a much more plural and open-ended process than is conventionally supposed. Risk politics is thus implicitly as much about social choice of technological pathways as narrow issues of safety. Second, it is shown how conventional "science-based" risk assessment techniques address only limited aspects of incomplete knowledge in complex, dynamic, evolutionary processes. Together, these understandings open the door to more sophisticated, comprehensive, rational, and robust decision-making processes. Despite their own limitations, it is found that precautionary and participatory approaches help to address these needs. A concrete framework is outlined through which the synergies can be more effectively harnessed. By this means, we can hope simultaneously to improve scientific rigor and democratic legitimacy in risk governance. PMID:18469218

Stirling, Andy

2008-04-01

223

Health and Safety Guide for Service Stations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a booklet giving health and safety guidelines for service stations. Contents include: general duty clause, health and safety program, reducing unsafe acts and practices, safety rules for operating power tools, ramp area and pump island, serv...

1975-01-01

224

Pharmacovigilance as a tool for safety and monitoring: a review of general issues and the specific challenges with end-stage renal failure patients  

PubMed Central

Pharmacovigilance is instrumental in helping to ensure patient safety for both newly released drugs and those that are well established in the market. However, while pharmacovigilance procedures are strictly regulated in the clinical trial setting, post-marketing adverse event reporting is not well implemented or enforced. As such, the underreporting of adverse events, in relation to drugs that are on the market, is estimated to be in the region of 90%. The identification of drug safety issues in patients with complex diseases and extensive comorbidities is therefore particularly challenging. Dialysis patients – those with end-stage renal disease and often other comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease – are a population with significant treatment challenges. Patients receive dialysis using complex medical devices (eg, a peritoneal dialysis home cycler) and also receive a range of pharmaceutical agents as part of dialysis itself (eg, peritoneal dialysis solutions). Many of the pharmaceutical agents used to treat these patients have been developed in populations without these complications and, therefore, an extensive knowledge of potential problems and contraindications in the dialysis population is lacking. It is important that the nephrology community understands the concept of pharmacovigilance – the pharmacologic science relating to the detection, assessment, understanding, and prevention of adverse effects, particularly long-term and short-term side effects, of medicines. Health care professionals (HCPs) and providers, pharmaceutical companies, global regulatory agencies, and the patients themselves all play unique and critical roles in this process. This review defines the science of pharmacovigilance and the process of adverse event reporting, highlights the new directions that pharmacovigilance has taken, and provides insight for HCPs managing dialysis patients into the important role that they play in helping to shape the understanding of a drug’s safety profile in order to continually enhance patient safety.

Jacob, Dalia; Marron, Belen; Ehrlich, Jay; Rutherford, Peter A

2013-01-01

225

Pharmacovigilance as a tool for safety and monitoring: a review of general issues and the specific challenges with end-stage renal failure patients.  

PubMed

Pharmacovigilance is instrumental in helping to ensure patient safety for both newly released drugs and those that are well established in the market. However, while pharmacovigilance procedures are strictly regulated in the clinical trial setting, post-marketing adverse event reporting is not well implemented or enforced. As such, the underreporting of adverse events, in relation to drugs that are on the market, is estimated to be in the region of 90%. The identification of drug safety issues in patients with complex diseases and extensive comorbidities is therefore particularly challenging. Dialysis patients - those with end-stage renal disease and often other comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease - are a population with significant treatment challenges. Patients receive dialysis using complex medical devices (eg, a peritoneal dialysis home cycler) and also receive a range of pharmaceutical agents as part of dialysis itself (eg, peritoneal dialysis solutions). Many of the pharmaceutical agents used to treat these patients have been developed in populations without these complications and, therefore, an extensive knowledge of potential problems and contraindications in the dialysis population is lacking. It is important that the nephrology community understands the concept of pharmacovigilance - the pharmacologic science relating to the detection, assessment, understanding, and prevention of adverse effects, particularly long-term and short-term side effects, of medicines. Health care professionals (HCPs) and providers, pharmaceutical companies, global regulatory agencies, and the patients themselves all play unique and critical roles in this process. This review defines the science of pharmacovigilance and the process of adverse event reporting, highlights the new directions that pharmacovigilance has taken, and provides insight for HCPs managing dialysis patients into the important role that they play in helping to shape the understanding of a drug's safety profile in order to continually enhance patient safety. PMID:23637559

Jacob, Dalia; Marrón, Belén; Ehrlich, Jay; Rutherford, Peter A

2013-04-15

226

Lightning Safety  

MedlinePLUS

Lightning Safety: When Thunder Roars, Go Indoors! What's New? September 2013 Lightning Safety Blog What You Need to Know: Tips for Safety NWS Lightning Safety Awareness Message 2013 Lightning Deaths in 2013 ...

227

MRI Safety Grand Challenge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module was written for a first year accelerated or AP physics class. It is intended to provide hands on activities to teach end of the year electricity and magnetism topics including the magnetic force, magnetic moments and torque, the Biot-Savart law, Ampere's Law, and Faraday's Law. During the module, students utilize these scientific concepts to solve the following problem: A nearby hospital has just installed a new Magnetic Resonance Imaging facility, which has the capacity to make a three dimensional image of the brain and other parts of the body by putting a patient into a strong magnetic field. The hospital wishes for its entire staff to have a clear knowledge of the risks involved with working near a strong magnetic field, and a basic understanding of why those risks occur. Your task is to develop a presentation or pamphlet explaining the risks involved, the physics behind those risks, and the safety precautions that should be taken by all staff members. This module is built around the Legacy Cycle, a format that incorporates findings from educational research on how people best learn.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

228

U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board Investigation Report: Little General Store Propane Explosion (Four Killed, Six Injured), Little General Stores, Inc. Ghent, West Virginia, January 30, 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On January 30, 2007, a propane explosion at the Little General Store in Ghent, West Virginia, killed two emergency responders and two propane service technicians, and injured six others. The explosion leveled the store, destroyed a responding ambulance, a...

2008-01-01

229

Safety culture in shipping  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of a safety culture in shipping has been promoted, especially by the Secretary General of the International\\u000a Maritime Organization. However, what is really meant by a safety culture? The adoption of the International Safety Management\\u000a Code and of the amended International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, STCW\\u000a 95, together with the introduction of

Jaime L. Veiga

2002-01-01

230

Safety Guide for Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook is intended to be utilized by health occupations teachers as supplementary instructional materials for a unit on safety. The document contains general safety rules applicable to hospitals and other health care institutions. Outlined are general rules for fire safety and office and clerical safety and more specific rules for the…

Illinois State Board of Vocational Education and Rehabilitation, Springfield. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

231

Safety Guide for Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The handbook is intended to be utilized by health occupations teachers as supplementary instructional materials for a unit on safety. The document contains general safety rules applicable to hospitals and other health care institutions. Outlined are general rules for fire safety and office and clerical safety and more specific rules for the…

Illinois State Board of Vocational Education and Rehabilitation, Springfield. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

232

Nuclear-fuel-cycle education: Module 6. Criticality safety  

SciTech Connect

This educational module on criticality safety has chapters devoted to: fundamentals of nuclear criticality safety, nuclear criticality safety experience base, tools for criticality evaluation, subcritical limits, regulation and related impacts, the general practice of nuclear criticality safety, and plant applications.

Knief, R.

1981-12-01

233

46 CFR 197.324 - Diver's safety harness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Diver's safety harness. 197.324 Section...SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS GENERAL...Equipment § 197.324 Diver's safety harness. Each safety...

2011-10-01

234

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Flight safety limits analysis. 417.213 Section 417...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Flight Safety Analysis § 417.213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General. A...

2009-01-01

235

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Flight safety limits analysis. 417.213 Section 417...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Flight Safety Analysis § 417.213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General. A...

2010-01-01

236

CONSUMER ATTITUDES TOWARD ISSUES IN FOOD SAFETY  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The objectives of this study were to evaluate consumer,attitudes regard- ing the safety of the food supply, relate food safety concern levels with groups of specific items, regulatory issues and prioritization of food safety funding areas, and to evaluate attitudes and behaviors toward specific food safety issues. As general level of concern with food safety increased, so did concern

M. S. BREWER; M. ROJAS

2008-01-01

237

Manicure and Pedicure Safety  

MedlinePLUS

For the public Diseases and treatments Health and beauty General skin care Hair care Nail care Tips ... series Home Dermatology A to Z Health and beauty Nail care Manicure, pedicure safety Manicure and pedicure ...

238

[Eradication of a nosocomial outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections after adjusting nursing workloads and reinforcing specific precautions.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION: During 2009, an outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR A. baumannii) infections was detected in a 27-bed intensive care unit, resulting in 25 cases being infected. METHODS: A matched case-control study was conducted to identify risk factors for infection. The colonization pressure, or the proportion of other patients colonized by MDR A. baumannii, was estimated. TISS-28 and Omega scores of each patient were calculated to evaluate nursing work requirements. Conditional logistic regression analyses were carried out. RESULTS: Breakdowns in hand washing and glove use were observed. Infected patients (cases) were more likely than paired controls to have had longer exposure to invasive devices and antimicrobial treatment. The independent risk factors identified by the multivariate analysis were, mechanical ventilation [odds ratio (OR)=1.03; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-1.05; P=.01], and exposure to an infected or colonized patient [OR=1.7; 95%CI, 1.1-2.6; P=.02). A combined infection control strategy was implemented, including strict compliance with isolation precautions, grouping of patients, reinforcing cleaning and disinfection of surfaces, and a decrease in work load. Subsequently, a sharp reduction in the incidence MDR A. baumannii infections was shown. Therapeutic activity scores were significantly higher for cases than for controls. CONCLUSION: The results suggest patient-to-patient transmission of MDR A. baumannii. Reinforcement of specific procedures and work load adjustment were essential to eradicate this outbreak. PMID:23352261

Bou, Ricardo; Gomar, Sonia; Hervás, Fany; Amorós, Aurora

2013-01-22

239

Methods of Measuring Compliance with Transmission-Based Isolation Precautions: Comparison of Paper-Based and Electronic Data Collection  

PubMed Central

Background Decreasing transmission of resistant organisms in hospitals is a key goal of infection prevention plans. Studies have shown that health care worker (HCW) compliance with isolation precautions is inadequate. Direct observation of HCW behavior for measuring adherence is considered the “gold standard” but is labor intensive, requiring the collection and analysis of a large volume of observations. Methods Two methods of data collection were evaluated to asses HCW compliance: a manual method using a paper form (PF) with subsequent data entry into a database, and an electronic method using a web-based form (WBF) with real-time data recording. Observations were conducted at four hospitals (2,065 beds) to assess availability of gloves, gowns and masks, isolation sign postings, and HCW isolation practices. Results A total of 13,878 isolation rooms were observed in 2009. The median number of rooms observed/day for PF and WBF were 61 and 60 and the mean observation times/room were 149sec and 60sec, respectively. The WBF provided a time savings of 89 sec/room. Conclusions Simple electronic forms can significantly decrease resources needed to monitor HCW adherence to hospital policies. The WBF decreased observation time by 60%, allowing for an increase in frequency and expansion of surveillance activities.

2011-01-01

240

[Laparoscopic resection of ovarian cysts: precautions and improvements in the procedure and application of the mini-laparotomy].  

PubMed

We previously devised and reported a laparoscopic resection of benign ovarian cysts. In the present paper, we report precautions and improvements in the procedure and the application of the mini-laparotomy. 1. The subjects consisted of a total of 41 cases with preoperatively diagnosed cysts. These were 17 cases with simple cysts, 15 cases with dermoid cysts, and nine cases with chocolate cysts. The present surgical procedure was performed on 34 (83%) cases. 2. One case, preoperatively diagnosed as a chocolate cyst, was diagnosed as an endometrioid adenocarcinoma. 3. Laparotomy was required in 7 cases; in four as a result of hard adhesions, in one because it was impossible to withdraw fluid, in one due to a damaged urinary bladder and in one due to endometrioid adenocarcinoma. 4. It became essential to classify the ovarian cysts into three groups according to size. 5. Mini-laparotomy was performed for two giant ovarian cysts and five ovarian cysts in pregnant women. In this procedure the goal is minimal, simple, safe and reliable surgery with results equal to those of standard laparotomy. PMID:8258730

Ikuma, K; Shiotani, T; Shibahara, H

1993-11-01

241

Experimental evidence for stages of health behavior change: the precaution adoption process model applied to home radon testing.  

PubMed

Hypotheses generated by the precaution adoption process model, a stage model of health behavior, were tested in the context of home radon testing. The specific idea tested was that the barriers impeding progress toward protective action change from stage to stage. An intervention describing a high risk of radon problems in study area homes was designed to encourage homeowners in the model's undecided stage to decide to test, and a low-effort, how-to-test intervention was designed to encourage homeowners in the decided-to-act stage to order test kits. Interventions were delivered in a factorial design that created conditions matched or mismatched to the recipient's stage (N = 1,897). Both movement to a stage closer to testing and purchase of radon test kits were assessed. As predicted, the risk treatment was relatively more effective in getting undecided people to decide to test than in getting decided-to-act people to order a test. Also supporting predictions, the low-effort intervention proved relatively more effective in getting decided-to-act people to order tests than in getting undecided people to decide to test. PMID:9776003

Weinstein, N D; Lyon, J E; Sandman, P M; Cuite, C L

1998-09-01

242

Passive safety concepts applied to critical functions  

SciTech Connect

Safety is of paramount concern in todays high technology environment. Because of technological advances, there are numerous situations (high consequence operations) for which the implications of a safety failure are so severe that extreme attention to safety systems is essential. Some of those situations are: nuclear weapon detonation safety, nuclear reactor safety, dam safety, mass transit transportation safety, and hazardous materials transportation and handling safety. In each case, specific safety systems, human control, and administrative procedures have been designed to give a high level of assurance against disasters. In an overview sense, safety concepts can be divided into two broad approaches: active safety and passive safety. Active safety systems, in general, are based on the need for ``functioning`` elements (operating motors, operator action, etc.) and safety may be based in a large measure on ``reliability`` data (historical records of the operability success of components). Passive safety basically depends on non-functionality.

Spray, S.D.; Cooper, J.A.

1995-03-01

243

Tracing Glacial-Interglacial Thermohaline Circulation with Nd isotopes: Progress and Precautions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The variability of thermohaline circulation through glacial cycles is still an open issue because conventional paleoceanographic proxies disagree. Nd isotopes are potentially an effective tracer of ocean circulation because the end-member water masses are very different, with the Pacific having much higher values than the North Atlantic. Moreover, depth profiles show that Nd isotope ratios follow water masses. Nd is sequestered from deep water by Fe-Mn oxide precipitation, leaving a record that is extractable from deep sea cores. Unlike light stable isotopes or trace element ratios, Nd isotope ratios are not fractionated by biological processes. Over the few last years the Lamont group has focussed on testing the Nd isotope proxy through comparison of surface sediments and deep water, and examining variations through the last glacial period in deep sea cores with known chronologies. Samples that fail to give marine Sr isotope ratios are rejected. Finding samples that pass the Sr test is a challenge in some regions (for example, the Circum-Antarctic and North Atlantic). Experience shows that if a sample fails the Sr isotope test, then the entire core is likely to fail. Successful cores strongly indicate major changes in the export of NADW to the Southern Ocean over since the last interglacial on both long and millennial time-scales. The current data set can be summarized as follows. (1) Holocene coretop samples reflect present-day bottom water. (2) The conveyor was weak during MIS 2 and 4, and stronger during MIS 3. (3) Data from different depths in the Atlantic are not consistent with a shallowing of NADW and a constant flux during the LGM, but rather indicate weakening of the conveyor. (4) During Termination I, NADW export began to strengthen prior to the Bolling warming, and shows a general strengthening through the transition but a significant weakening during the Younger Dryas. (5) Dansgaard-Oeschger warmings during MIS 3 are accompanied by a strengthened conveyor. The current data indicate Nd isotopes in the Fe-Mn oxide fractions of cores are sensitive tracers of thermohaline circulation changes if samples are screened for the integrity of the marine signal.

Goldstein, S. L.; Hemming, S. R.; Piotrowski, A. M.; Rutberg, R. L.

2002-12-01

244

Effectiveness and Safety of the Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin CY 216 in the Prevention of Fatal Pulmonary Embolism and Thromboembolic Death in General Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deep venous thrombosis is very frequent after general surgery, and its major complication, pulmonary embolism, is today the most frequent cause of postoperative death. The reduction of this cause of mortality is mainly based on its prevention rather than its therapy. This purpose was achieved by using physical and pharmacological means. During

G. Pezzuoli; G. G. Neri Serneri; P. G. Settembrini; G. Coggi; N. Olivari; G. Negri; R. Codemo; G. Galli; S. Roveri

1990-01-01

245

Safety in the Chemical Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents the Safety Guide used in the Research Center at Monsanto Chemical Company (St. Louis). Topics include: general safety practices, safety glasses and shoes, respiratory protection, electrical wiring, solvent handling and waste disposal. Procedures are given for evacuating, "tagging out, and "locking out. Special mention is given to…

Steere, Norman V.

1969-01-01

246

Safety in the Chemical Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the Safety Guide used in the Research Center at Monsanto Chemical Company (St. Louis). Topics include: general safety practices, safety glasses and shoes, respiratory protection, electrical wiring, solvent handling and waste disposal. Procedures are given for evacuating, "tagging out, and "locking out. Special mention is given to…

Steere, Norman V.

1969-01-01

247

Safety class methodology  

SciTech Connect

DOE Order 6430.1A, General Design Criteria (GDC), requires that DOE facilities be evaluated with respect to ``safety class items.`` Although the GDC defines safety class items, it does not provide a methodology for selecting safety class items. The methodology described in this paper was developed to assure that Safety Class Items at the Savannah River Site (SRS) are selected in a consistent and technically defensible manner. Safety class items are those in the highest of four categories determined to be of special importance to nuclear safety and, merit appropriately higher-quality design, fabrication, and industrial test standards and codes. The identification of safety class items is approached using a cascading strategy that begins at the `safety function` level (i.e., a cooling function, ventilation function, etc.) and proceeds down to the system, component, or structure level. Thus, the items that are required to support a safety function are SCls. The basic steps in this procedure apply to the determination of SCls for both new project activities, and for operating facilities. The GDC lists six characteristics of SCls to be considered as a starting point for safety item classification. They are as follows: 1. Those items whose failure would produce exposure consequences that would exceed the guidelines in Section 1300-1.4, ``Guidance on Limiting Exposure of the Public,`` at the site boundary or nearest point of public access 2. Those items required to maintain operating parameters within the safety limits specified in the Operational Safety Requirements during normal operations and anticipated operational occurrences. 3. Those items required for nuclear criticality safety. 4. Those items required to monitor the release of radioactive material to the environment during and after a Design Basis Accident. Those items required to achieve, and maintain the facility in a safe shutdown condition 6. Those items that control Safety Class Item listed above.

Donner, E.B.; Low, J.M.; Lux, C.R.

1992-11-01

248

Mastocytosis and insect venom allergy: diagnosis, safety and efficacy of venom immunotherapy.  

PubMed

The most important causative factor for anaphylaxis in mastocytosis are insect stings. The purpose of this review is to analyse the available data concerning prevalence, diagnosis, safety and effectiveness of venom immunotherapy (VIT) in mastocytosis patients. If data were unclear, authors were contacted personally for further information. Quality of evidence (A: high, B: moderate, C: low and D: very low) and strength of recommendation (strong 1 and weak 2) concerning VIT in mastocytosis patients are assessed according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation and are marked in square brackets. Results of VIT were described in 117 patients to date. The mean rate of side-effects during treatment in studies published so far is 23.9% (7.6% requiring adrenaline) with an overall protection rate of 72%. Based on the review we conclude that (1) mastocytosis patients have a high risk of severe sting reactions in particular to yellow jacket, (2) VIT could be suggested [2] in mastocytosis, (3) probably should be done life long [2], (4) VIT in mastocytosis is accompanied by a higher frequency of side-effects, so (5) special precautions should be taken into account notably during the built up phase of the therapy [2], (6) VIT is able to reduce systemic reactions, but to a lesser extent compared to the general insect venom allergic population [2], so (7) patients should be warned that the efficacy of VIT might be less than optimal and they should continue carrying two adrenaline auto injectors [2]. PMID:19627278

Niedoszytko, M; de Monchy, J; van Doormaal, J J; Jassem, E; Oude Elberink, J N G

2009-07-21

249

Metascientific problems in safety science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is an introduction to a workshop on safety science and the theory of science. The paper examines a study of helicopter safety in order to identify some of the metascientific problems in safety science. It then considers the nature of safety science in more general terms. Finally, it argues that a considerable part of safety science cannot be expected to conform to orthodox falsified criteria of science. This leads to the conclusion that safety scientists should take the responsibility of proposing and justifying norms for empirical and theoretical work in the area.

Rosness, R.

1993-12-01

250

29 CFR 1910.144 - Safety color code for marking physical hazards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS General Environmental Controls § 1910.144 Safety color code for marking physical...

2010-07-01

251

29 CFR 1910.144 - Safety color code for marking physical hazards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS General Environmental Controls § 1910.144 Safety color code for marking physical...

2009-07-01

252

Precaution Against Terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stunned by the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Bush administration adopted a new National Security Strategy in September 2002. The UK government took a similar stance. This new strategy calls for anticipatory attacks against potential enemies with uncertain capacities and intentions, even before their threat is imminent. Rather than wait for evidence of weapons of mass destruction, it

Jessica Stern; Jonathan B. Wiener

2006-01-01

253

Precautions to Prevent Rabies  

MedlinePLUS

... to Z Index Follow FDA FDA Voice Blog Enter Search terms Search the FDA Archive Home Food Drugs Medical ... is no longer maintained and may be outdated. Enter Search terms For Consumers Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Section ...

254

Safety procedures for the MFTF sustaining neutral beam power supply  

SciTech Connect

The MFTF SNBPSS comprises a number of sources of potentially hazardous electrical energy in a small physical area. A 'defense in depth' approach is used; interlocks are provided in the hardware to make it difficult to gain access to an energized circuit, and the operating procedure includes precautions which would protect personnel even if no interlocks were working. The complexity of the system implies a complex operating procedure, and this potential complexity is controlled by presenting the procedure in a modular form using 37 separate checklists for specific operations. The checklists are presented in flowchart form so contingencies can be handled at the lowest possible level without compromising safety.

Wilson, J.H.

1981-01-01

255

A double-blind evaluation of the safety and efficacy of abecarnil, alprazolam, and placebo in outpatients with generalized anxiety disorder. Abecarnil Work Group.  

PubMed

In a placebo-controlled, multicenter study, 180 male and female outpatients, ages 18-65, with DSM-III-R generalized anxiety disorder, were treated with abecarnil (a partial benzodiazepine agonist), alprazolam, or placebo for 4 weeks. This was followed by a rapid (1-week) taper, during which patients were assessed for any taper-related symptoms. All patients were identified via a structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R and randomly assigned to one of the three treatment groups. More than 70% of each treatment group completed the study. In the acute-treatment phase, both abecarnil and alprazolam showed evidence for efficacy that was significantly better than that of placebo. Both active agents were tolerated well. After the swift taper, a significantly greater number of taper-related symptoms occurred in the alprazolam-treated group than in the abecarnil-treated group, which was not different than in the placebo-treated group. Additionally, less residual improvement followed the taper in the alprazolam-treated and the placebo-treated groups. These data indicate that the partial benzodiazepine agonist abecarnil may be useful as a safe, effective, short-term treatment for anxiety. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:9363043

Lydiard, R B; Ballenger, J C; Rickels, K

1997-01-01

256

The critical safety functions and plant operation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The operator's role in nuclear safety is outlined and the concept of ''safety functions'' introduced. Safety functions are a group of actions that prevent core melt or minimize radiation releases to the general public. They can be used to provide a hierarchy of practical plant protection that an operator should use. The plant safety evaluation uses four inputs in predicting

W. R. Corcoran; J. F. Church; M. T. Cross; W. M. Guinn; N. J. Porter

1981-01-01

257

Safety of the EFR  

SciTech Connect

The overall safety objective set by (EFRUG) the European Fast Reactor Utilities Group is that the EFR should be licensable in any of the countries in the EFR collaboration with a minimum of changes from the basic design to comply with the national requirements. To achieve this objective, some fundamental safety principles must be applied: (1) The safety level for the EFR design should be at least as good as that for a contemporaneous thermal reactor in the respective countries. (2) As a result of normal operation, appropriate dose limits to the operators and the public shall be respected and shall be as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP principle). (3) All reasonable practicable steps shall be taken to prevent accidents and to minimize the radiological consequences of accidents should they occur. This paper first describes the general safety objectives leading to the detailed safety requirements derived from these fundamental principles. Examples of how the design fulfills these objectives are then briefly described.

Fidler, R.S. (EFRUG/Nuclear Electric, Gloucester (United Kingdom)); Vossebrecker, H. (EFR Associates, Bergish Gladbach (Germany))

1992-01-01

258

Melioidosis and safety in the clinical laboratory.  

PubMed

Human infection with Pseudomonas pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, typically produces subclinical disease and an asymptomatic carrier state; occasionally clinical illness, frequently with a fatal outcome, may occur. Consequently, to help protect staff from laboratory-acquired melioidosis, microbiological and biomedical laboratories must have adequate facilities for safe work procedures and laboratory staff must engage in safe work practices. Recommendations from a melioidosis-endemic, diagnostic laboratory for the prevention of laboratory-acquired infection with this bacterium are essentially Category 3 (Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens), Risk Group 3 (Australian Standards) or Biosafety Level 2 (National Institutes of Health) precautions. These include safeguards for centrifugation, prohibiting the 'sniff' test and the use of a biological safety cabinet for sputum processing, for subculture of stock strains, for preparation of antigen and for research studies but not for routine diagnostic techniques with P. pseudomallei. PMID:1355785

Ashdown, L R

1992-08-01

259

ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, SAFETY CULTURE, AND SAFETY PERFORMANCE AT RESEARCH FACILITIES.  

SciTech Connect

Organizational culture surveys of research facilities conducted several years ago and archival occupational injury reports were used to determine whether differences in safety performance are related to general organizational factors or to ''safety culture'' as reflected in specific safety-related dimensions. From among the organizations surveyed, a pair of facilities was chosen that were similar in size and scientific mission while differing on indices of work-related injuries. There were reliable differences in organizational style between the facilities, especially among workers in environment, safety, and health functions; differences between the facilities (and among job categories) on the safety scale were more modest and less regular.

BROWN,W.S.

2000-07-30

260

A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial to evaluate the safety, clinical effectiveness, cost effectiveness and satisfaction with point of care testing in a general practice setting - rationale, design and baseline characteristics  

PubMed Central

Background Point of care testing (PoCT) may be a useful adjunct in the management of chronic conditions in general practice (GP). The provision of pathology test results at the time of the consultation could lead to enhanced clinical management, better health outcomes, greater convenience and satisfaction for patients and general practitioners (GPs), and savings in costs and time. It could also result in inappropriate testing, increased consultations and poor health outcomes resulting from inaccurate results. Currently there are very few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in GP that have investigated these aspects of PoCT. Design/Methods The Point of Care Testing in General Practice Trial (PoCT Trial) was an Australian Government funded multi-centre, cluster randomised controlled trial to determine the safety, clinical effectiveness, cost effectiveness and satisfaction of PoCT in a GP setting. The PoCT Trial covered an 18 month period with the intervention consisting of the use of PoCT for seven tests used in the management of patients with diabetes, hyperlipidaemia and patients on anticoagulant therapy. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of patients within target range, a measure of therapeutic control. In addition, the PoCT Trial investigated the safety of PoCT, impact of PoCT on patient compliance to medication, stakeholder satisfaction, cost effectiveness of PoCT versus laboratory testing, and influence of geographic location. Discussion The paper provides an overview of the Trial Design, the rationale for the research methodology chosen and how the Trial was implemented in a GP environment. The evaluation protocol and data collection processes took into account the large number of patients, the broad range of practice types distributed over a large geographic area, and the inclusion of pathology test results from multiple pathology laboratories. The evaluation protocol developed reflects the complexity of the Trial setting, the Trial Design and the approach taken within the funding provided. The PoCT Trial is regarded as a pragmatic RCT, evaluating the effectiveness of implementing PoCT in GP and every effort was made to ensure that, in these circumstances, internal and external validity was maintained. Trial Registration 12612605000272695

Laurence, Caroline; Gialamas, Angela; Yelland, Lisa; Bubner, Tanya; Ryan, Philip; Willson, Kristyn; Glastonbury, Briony; Gill, Janice; Shephard, Mark; Beilby, Justin

2008-01-01

261

The safety climate and its relationship to safety practices, safety of the work environment and occupational accidents in eight wood-processing companies.  

PubMed

Employees continuously observe their work environment and the actions of their fellow workers and superiors, and they use such observations as a basis for the creation of cognitive models associated with safety. These models regulate their actions in the workplace and thus have an influence on safety. This study attempts to define the structure of the safety climate as perceived by workers and the correlations between the safety climate, on the one hand, and the safety practices of the company, the safety level of the work environment and occupational accidents on the other. The variables used in this study were the same as those employed in two previous Finnish safety climate studies carried out in the plywood industry, shipyards, the forestry industry, building construction and stevedoring. The safety climate was measured by means of a questionnaire. Workers from four sawmills, two plywood factories and two parquet plants participated. The total number of participants was 508 in 1990 and 548 in 1993. The variables formed four factors, whose contents and reliabilities closely resembled the results obtained in the earlier studies. These results indicate that the structure of the safety climate among Finnish workers is quite stable. The safety climate correlated both with the safety level of the work environment and with the safety practices of the company, but the correlation between the safety climate and the safety of the work environment was stronger. This result differs from those of the previous studies, in which the safety climate was defined specifically in terms of an individual's perceptions of the safety practices of the company and of the behavior of other employees. The two safety climate factors that described a company's attitudes to safety and its safety precautions correlated with the accident rates. The better the safety climate of the company was, the lower was the accident rate. Four companies with an accident rate below the average for the wood-processing industry had a better safety climate than four similar companies with an accident rate above the average. PMID:10994603

Varonen, U; Mattila, M

2000-11-01

262

Biotechnology-based foods: is there a third way between the precaution principle and an overly enthusiastic dissemination of GMO?  

PubMed

The demand for consumer safety with regard to the food-processing industry is becoming, legitimately, more and more urgent. If ingested drugs can carry deleterious effects that exceed the beneficial effect that the research was initially undertaken for, then the same can only be the case for foods that stem from the same new biotechnologies, zero risk being non existent. PMID:11289641

Meningaud, J P; Moutel, G; Herv, C

2000-01-01

263

Patient Safety  

MedlinePLUS

Patient safety is one of the nation's most pressing health care challenges. A 1999 report by the Institute ... each year as the result of lapses in patient safety. There are things you can do to help ...

264

Safety Alert  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Safety Alert If you are being treated for asthma, taking a long-acting beta agonist (LABA) ... Page 2. Early Safety Alert ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

265

Safety Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents 10 safety activities for children. Among others, car and bus safety activities helps children develop social and language skills as they simulate riding safely in a car or bus.|

Early Childhood Today, 2005

2005-01-01

266

Hand Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Hand Safety Currently selected Hand Surgeons Agree: Leave Fireworks to the Professionals Keep Your Hands Safe: Follow ... Hand Safety Currently selected Hand Surgeons Agree: Leave Fireworks to the Professionals Keep Your Hands Safe: Follow ...

267

29 CFR 1910.22 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Walking-Working Surfaces § 1910.22 General requirements. This section applies to all permanent places of...

2009-07-01

268

29 CFR 1910.22 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Walking-Working Surfaces § 1910.22 General requirements. This section applies to all permanent places of...

2010-07-01

269

29 CFR 1910.22 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Walking-Working Surfaces § 1910.22 General requirements. This section applies to all permanent places of...

2013-07-01

270

Safety Rules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Safety is an important part of a science lesson or activity. This safety material is part of a series of hands-on science activities designed to arouse student interest. Sixteen rules reinforce common safety concerns for science classrooms. Among the safety rules are the recommendations that teachers practice demonstrations before presenting them, make proper eyewear and shields available, use customary disposal techniques, and possess a thorough knowledge of the chemical reactions being used. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL); Jacobs, Steve

2004-01-01

271

Engine and Turret Lathe Safety Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Guide was developed to help in house safety personnel and shop supervisors to reduce injuries on metal cutting engine and turret lathes. It was intended as a supplement to existing safety information. The Guide provides general guidelines designed to ...

T. R. Trump R. P. Joyce

1990-01-01

272

47 CFR 95.1125 - RF safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PERSONAL RADIO SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1125 RF safety. Portable devices as defined in § 2.1093(b) of...

2011-10-01

273

47 CFR 95.1125 - RF safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PERSONAL RADIO SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1125 RF safety. Portable devices as defined in § 2.1093(b) of...

2012-10-01

274

46 CFR 197.326 - Oxygen safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS GENERAL PROVISIONS Commercial Diving Operations Equipment § 197.326 Oxygen safety. (a) Equipment used with oxygen or oxygen mixtures greater...

2012-10-01

275

46 CFR 197.324 - Diver's safety harness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS GENERAL PROVISIONS Commercial Diving Operations Equipment § 197.324 Diver's safety harness. Each safety harness used in surface-supplied diving must haveâ (a) A positive buckling device; and...

2012-10-01

276

76 FR 58281 - Magnetic Resonance Imaging Safety; Public Workshop  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...that must be considered to ensure the safety of patients, healthcare providers, and others who...following topic areas: A. General MRI Safety Multiple professional organizations, patient safety groups and accrediting bodies,...

2011-09-20

277

Reliability Study of a Computerized Safety Shut Down System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A general approach for analyzing the reliability of a computerized safety shut down system is presented. This includes prediction of: safety availability, (ability to shut down on request), and; trip rate, (rate of shut downs caused by safety equipment fa...

P. Hokstad L. Bodsberg

1987-01-01

278

Risk Amid Recovery: Occupational Health and Safety of Latino Day Laborers in the Aftermath of the Gulf Coast Hurricanes  

PubMed Central

After Katrina, the Bush administration suspended Department of Labor workplace regulations throughout the Gulf, a move consistent with their general emphasis on voluntary workplace protection programs rather than government oversight. This approach left many workers in hurricane reconstruction jobs unprotected, especially Latino immigrant day laborers who, facing language barriers and legal constraints, were least able to negotiate workplace safety or other labor conditions. Fifty-three immigrant workers and 28 key informants from community, union, church, and relief organizations in Louisiana and Mississippi were interviewed at job hiring sites and relief organizations using an inductive, exploratory approach. In this multihazard and changing work environment with a new and fluctuating workforce, enforceable policies mandating worker protection and education were sorely lacking. Free market conditions, driven by incentives to work as fast as possible, and the preponderance of unregulated small contractors and individual home owners as employers contributed to the unsafe environment. Although workers and home owners attempted to take precautions, they usually lacked adequate education about hazards, access to protective equipment, and training in its proper use. However, the labor conditions during the hurricane recovery in the Gulf Coast are likely to be duplicated throughout the country in workplaces employing Latino day laborers unless workers' health is given greater priority by regulatory agencies.

Delp, Linda; Podolsky, Laura; Aguilar, Tomas

2011-01-01

279

Worker health and safety in concentrated animal feeding operations.  

PubMed

A trend in consolidating livestock and poultry operations into concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) potentially increases farm worker exposure to the hazards associated with high animal density conditions. The two main contributors of documented injury (fatal and non-fatal) are related to accidents with machinery and animals. Tractor rollovers are the leading accident in the area of farming machinery issues; kicks, bites, and workers being pinned between animals and fixed objects are non-machinery issues typically caused by inadequate precautions taken in the vicinity of livestock. These types of accidents are well documented; however, recommended safety strategies continue to be studied to reduce the risks and numbers of injuries associated with both machines and animals. Unlike accidents involving machinery and animals, air emission exposure and potential health effects from CAFOs are not well documented. CAFOs have the potential to show higher gaseous and particulate matter emissions compared to smaller farms. Pollutants like hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, volatile organic compounds, particulate matter, and endotoxin are emitted on CAFOs and can potentially affect worker health. These specific air emissions, their sources, and some of their harmful capabilities have been identified, and regulations have been implemented to create improved work environments on CAFOs. Despite such precautions, farm workers continue to report respiratory health symptoms related to their work environment. Air pollutant exposure and its health effects on farm workers require focused research to arrive at improved safety strategies that include mitigation techniques and protective gear to minimize adverse effects of working in CAFOs. PMID:18524283

Mitloehner, F M; Calvo, M S

2008-04-01

280

Robotic safety  

SciTech Connect

The introduction of industrial robots in the workplace has improved safety by reducing human exposure to some of the traditional hazardous tasks and environments, yet at the same time robots have introduced new hazards in the workplace. There are currently no national consensus standards for robotic safety in the US. This report discusses the hazards associated with industrial robots and provides safety guidelines to protect workers from these hazards. In conclusion, it is the responsibility of manufacturers and users of industrial robots to develop and implement robotic safety guidelines for each application to ensure worker safety. 13 references.

Kessel, D.S.

1984-10-01

281

Practice of universal precautions and risk of occupational blood-borne viral infection among Congolese health care workers.  

PubMed

The extent of occupational injuries among health care workers in central Africa, particularly in the Democratic Republic of Congo, is not documented. We sought to determine the incidence of percutaneous injury and exposure to blood and other body fluids in Congolese urban and rural hospitals in the previous year. Our data show high rates of percutaneous injury and exposure to blood and other body fluids, reflecting poor safety conditions for most Congolese health care workers. PMID:21592618

Ngatu, Nlandu Roger; Phillips, Elaine Kornblat; Wembonyama, Okitotsho Stanislas; Hirota, Ryoji; Kaunge, Nsolo Joseph; Mbutshu, Lukuke Hendrick; Perry, Jane; Yoshikawa, Toru; Jagger, Janine; Suganuma, Narufumi

2011-05-17

282

Falls and Fear of Falling among Community-Dwelling Seniors: The Dynamic Tension between Exercising Precaution and Striving for Independence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the everyday experience of community-dwelling elders, with particular attention to seniors’ perceptions of safety, fear of falling, independence, and quality of life. We also aimed to identify contextual factors that influence the health of elders who had fallen and\\/or had a fear of falling. Data from in-depth interviews with a purposeful

Catherine Ward-Griffin; Sandra Hobson; Pauline Melles; Marita Kloseck; Anthony Vandervoort; Richard Crilly

2004-01-01

283

21 CFR 610.11 - General safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...percent of the total number of animals in that species has survived...except that the number of animals shall be twice that used in...if each second repeat test animal meets the requirements prescribed...Platelets, Plasma, or Cellular Therapy Products....

2013-04-01

284

Steel Erection Safety. Module SH-39. Safety and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student module on steel erection safety is one of 50 modules concerned with job safety and health. This module identifies typical jobsite hazards encountered by steel erectors, as well as providing safe job procedures for general and specific construction activities. Following the introduction, 11 objectives (each keyed to a page in the text)…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

285

The Hermes safety strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hermes space vehicle currently in project for the European Space Agency will open the road to European autonomous manned space missions at the beginning of the 21st century. The safety objectives are very ambitious and will require the implementation of a comprehensive safety assurance program, aimed at reducing the risks to an acceptable level. The risk acceptance is based on identification, ranking and minimization of Critical Items including all potential departures from the safety requirements. Prime contractors shall prepare a Critical Item List for their elements, and submit it to the Hermes Program Directorate for review; approval of the residual open critical items shall be obtained before launch. An independent committee (HESAC) has been set up by the ESA and the French National Space Center (CNES) Directors General to assess the adequacy of the Safety Control Program.

Rosso, R.

286

Guide for Science Laboratory Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|General and specific safety procedures and recommendations for secondary school science laboratories are provided in this guide. Areas of concern include: (1) chemicals (storage, disposal, toxicity, unstable and incompatible chemicals); (2) microorganisms; (3) plants; (4) animals; (5) electricity; (6) lasers; (7) rockets; (8) eye safety and…

McDermott, John J.

287

Patient Safety in Clinical Trials  

Cancer.gov

Information for patients, their families and friends, and the general public about how the rights and safety of people who take part in clinical trials are protected. Learn about informed consent, institutional review boards (IRB's), and how trials are closely monitored for safety.

288

Work design and patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the linkages between work design and patient safety. The focus is on nursing work; however, many of the concepts and methods are equally applicable to other healthcare professions. Work design relies on a large body of knowledge, including ergonomics, job stress and job\\/organizational design. First, a general framework of work design and patient safety is proposed. The

P. Carayon; C. J. Alvarado; A. Schoofs Hundt

2007-01-01

289

Latest Developments in Cryogenic Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Cryogenic Safety Manual, sponsored by the British Cryogenics Council, was published over 10 years ago. A new updated version is now available. Some general aspects of cryogenic safety are highlighted, and attention is drawn to some of the more unusual...

T. J. Webster

1983-01-01

290

Balancing Safety and Free Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|According to Jay Worona, general counsel for the New York State School Board Association, "Balancing safety and student constitutional rights is not easy. It has to be a careful balance. School officials must be prudent and not overreact. But one part of the equation has to be paramount. And safety should be the primary concern" (personal…

Hudson, David L., Jr.

2004-01-01

291

Application of the Council Directive of 15 July 1980 Laying Down the Euratom Basic Safety Standards for the Health Protection of the General Public and Workers against the Dangers of Ionising Radiation. Proceedings of the Information Seminar, Held in Luxembourg, 4 and 5 June 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Euratom Treaty has set the Commission the task to establish uniform safety standards to protect the health of workers and of the general public and ensure that they are applied. The review, primarily intended for representatives of the appropriate aut...

1983-01-01

292

Fire Safety Training Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for a community fire education effort, particularly in which local volunteers present general information on fire safety to their fellow citizens, this workbook contains nine lessons. Included are an overview of the household fire problem; instruction in basic chemistry and physics of fire, flammable liquids, portable fire extinguishers,…

Montgomery County Dept. of Fire and Rescue Services, Rockville, MD. Div. of Fire Prevention.

293

Atomic Power Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is one of a series of information booklets for the general public published by The United States Atomic Energy Commission. Among the topics discussed are: What is Atomic Power?; What Does Safety Depend On?; Control of Radioactive Material During Operation; Accident Prevention; Containment in the Event of an Accident; Licensing and…

Hogerton, John F.

294

Nuclear Safety  

SciTech Connect

This review journal covers significant developments in the field of nuclear safety. Its scope includes the analysis and control of hazards associated with nuclear energy, operations involving fissionable materials, and the products of nuclear fission and their effects on the environment. Primary emphasis is on safety in reactor design, construction, and operation; however, the safety aspects of the entire fuel cycle, including fuel fabrication, spent-fuel processing, nuclear waste disposal, handling of radioisotopes, and environmental effects of these operations, are also treated.

Not Available

1992-01-01

295

Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North Carolina Community College System BioNetwork's interactive eLearning tools (IETs) are reusable chunks of training that can be deployed in a variety of courses or training programs. IETs are designed to enhance, not replace hands-on training. Learners are able to enter a hands-on lab experience better prepared and more confident. This particular IET delves into laboratory safety, and covers interacting with the lab environment and a new lab partner. Topics covered include proper dress, housekeeping, safety equipment, mixing, fire safety, and spills. When the module is completed, visitors will be able to demonstrate proper lab safety techniques.

2012-11-06

296

Pedestrian Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... should go here Social Media ACEP in Social Media Campaigns Campaigns Read Patient Stories Health News About Emergencies Childhood / Student Emergencies Diseases & Infections Disaster Preparedness Elderly Safety ...

297

Nuclear Safety  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear Safety is a review journal that covers significant developments in the field of nuclear safety. Its scope includes the analysis and control of hazards associated with nuclear energy, operations involving fissionable materials, and the products of nuclear fission and their effects on the environment. Primary emphasis is on safety in reactor design, construction, and operation; however, the safety aspects of the entire fuel cycle, including fuel fabrication, spent-fuel processing, nuclear waste disposal, handling of radioisotopes, and environmental effects of these operations, are also treated.

Silver, E.G. (ed.)

1990-01-01

298

Robotic safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of industrial robots in the workplace has improved safety by reducing human exposure to some of the traditional hazardous tasks and environments, yet at the same time robots have introduced new hazards in the workplace. There are currently no national consensus standards for robotic safety in the US. This report discusses the hazards associated with industrial robots and

Kessel

1984-01-01

299

Safety Matters  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of Columbine and other events, states and districts across the United States have responded with vigor to a call for a renewed focus on school safety. This paper examined one such effort undertaken by Harrison County Public Schools, located in West Virginia. The district received federal funding for surveillance equipment used to enhance safety efforts at middle

Ethan Heinen; Jaci Webb-Dempsey; Lucas Moore; Craig McClellan; Carl Friebel

2007-01-01

300

Safety Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Colleges across the country are rising to the task by implementing safety programs, response strategies, and technologies intended to create a secure environment for teachers and students. Whether it is preparing and responding to a natural disaster, health emergency, or act of violence, more schools are making campus safety a top priority. At…

Halligan, Tom

2009-01-01

301

Safety First  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ned Miller does not take security lightly. As director of campus safety and emergency management at the Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC), any threat requires serious consideration. As community college administrators adopt a more proactive approach to campus safety, many institutions are experimenting with emerging technologies,…

Taft, Darryl

2011-01-01

302

Safety First!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working with young children and chemicals requires attention to safety. This article details the experiences of a third-grade teacher who used a "disaster" to create a hands-on inquiry that introduces children to chemistry safety during a third-grade acid/base exploration.

Longfield, Judith

2006-02-01

303

Bromine Safety  

SciTech Connect

The production and handling in 1999 of about 200 million kilograms of bromine plus substantial derivatives thereof by Great Lakes Chemical Corp. and Albemarle Corporation in their southern Arkansas refineries gave OSHA Occupational Injury/Illness Rates (OIIR) in the range of 0.74 to 1.60 reportable OIIRs per 200,000 man hours. OIIRs for similar industries and a wide selection of other U.S. industries range from 1.6 to 23.9 in the most recent OSHA report. Occupational fatalities for the two companies in 1999 were zero compared to a range in the U.S.of zero for all computer manufacturing to 0.0445 percent for all of agriculture, forestry and fishing in the most recent OSHA report. These results show that bromine and its compounds can be considered as safe chemicals as a result of the bromine safety standards and practices at the two companies. The use of hydrobromic acid as an electrical energy storage medium in reversible PEM fuel cells is discussed. A study in 1979 of 20 megawatt halogen working fluid power plants by Oronzio de Nora Group found such energy to cost 2 to 2.5 times the prevailing base rate at that time. New conditions may reduce this relative cost. The energy storage aspect allows energy delivery at maximum demand times where the energy commands premium rates. The study also found marginal cost and performance advantages for hydrobromic acid over hydrochloric acid working fluid. Separate studies in the late 70s by General Electric also showed marginal performance advantages for hydrobromic acid.

Meyers, B

2001-04-09

304

A systemic approach to fire safety management  

Microsoft Academic Search

A systemic approach has been adopted to construct a fire-safety management system (FSMS). It has been applied to the case of an oil and gas organisation, although the approach is general. Significant changes have taken place in fire safety management in the oil and gas industry over the last few years. However, fire safety still tends to be analysed in

Jaime Santos-Reyes; Alan N. Beard

2001-01-01

305

49 CFR 238.103 - Fire safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Fire safety. 238.103 Section 238.103...General Requirements § 238.103 Fire safety. (a) Materials...the time it was tested. (c) Fire safety analysis for procuring new...

2009-10-01

306

49 CFR 238.103 - Fire safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fire safety. 238.103 Section 238.103...General Requirements § 238.103 Fire safety. (a) Materials...the time it was tested. (c) Fire safety analysis for procuring new...

2010-10-01

307

14 CFR 415.117 - Ground safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Ground safety. 415.117 Section 415.117 Aeronautics...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH LICENSE Safety Review and Approval for Launch of an...Non-Federal Launch Site § 415.117 Ground safety. (a) General. An...

2013-01-01

308

Occupational safety and health in Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational Health and Safety in Spain has improved considerably over the last decade, most likely due to a new concept where an overall concept of safety culture is defined. Important changes in industrial safety, hygiene, and psychosocial factors present an optimistic panorama for the future of Spain. Despite this general improvement, according to the European Convergence Program, Spanish statistics still

Albert Sesé; Alfonso L. Palmer; Berta Cajal; Juan J. Montaño; Rafael Jiménez; Noelia Llorens

2002-01-01

309

Teaching Safety in the Elementary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching manual is divided into four sections: (1) general safety information for teachers, (2) special problems in teaching safety, (3) learning experiences for first through third grades and fourth through sixth grades and (4) selected sources of information and safety teaching aids. Subjects include definition and causes of accidents,…

Yost, Charles Peter

310

Statistical signal processing for automotive safety systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amount of software in general and safety systems in particular increases rapidly in the automotive industry. The trend is that functionality is decentralized, so new safety functions are distributed to common shared computer hardware, sensors and actuators using central data buses. This paper overviews recent and future safety systems, and high-lights the big challenges for researchers in the signal

Fredrik Gustafsson

2005-01-01

311

Seismic Safety Guide  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides managers with practical guidelines for administering a comprehensive earthquake safety program. The Guide is comprehensive with respect to earthquakes in that it covers the most important aspects of natural hazards, site planning, evaluation and rehabilitation of existing buildings, design of new facilities, operational safety, emergency planning, special considerations related to shielding blocks, non-structural elements, lifelines, fire protection and emergency facilities. Management of risk and liabilities is also covered. Nuclear facilities per se are not dealt with specifically. The principles covered also apply generally to nuclear facilities but the design and construction of such structures are subject to special regulations and legal controls.

Eagling, D.G. (ed.)

1983-09-01

312

Stacked generalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

: This paper introduces stacked generalization, a scheme for minimizing the generalizationerror rate of one or more generalizers. Stacked generalization works by deducing the biases of thegeneralizer(s) with respect to a provided learning set. This deduction proceeds by generalizing ina second space whose inputs are (for example) the guesses of the original generalizers when taughtwith part of the learning set

David H. Wolpert

1992-01-01

313

24 CFR 51.101 - General policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false General policy. 51.101 Section 51.101 Housing and Urban Development...Abatement and Control § 51.101 General policy. (a...lives, protect property, protect public health and safety, remove debris...

2013-04-01

314

10 CFR 835.3 - General rule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Section 835.3 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION General Provisions § 835.3 General...as limiting actions that may be necessary to protect health and safety. (e) For those activities that...

2013-01-01

315

12 CFR 1282.11 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.11 General. (a) General. Pursuant to the requirements of the Safety and Soundness Act (12...

2012-01-01

316

33 CFR 183.405 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) BOATING SAFETY BOATS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT Electrical Systems General § 183.405 General. Each electrical component on a boat to which this subpart applies must meet the...

2013-07-01

317

An approach for selecting safety class items  

SciTech Connect

DOE Order 6430.1A, General Design Criteria, requires that DOE facilities be evaluated with regard to safety class items.'' Safety class items are defined as systems, components, and structures, including portions of process systems, whose failure could adversely affect the environment or safety and health of the public. Determination of safety classification is based on analysis of potential abnormal and accidental scenario consequences as presented in the Safety Analysis Report.'' Although the General Design Criteria defines safety class items, it does not provide an approach for selecting safety class items. The purpose of this report is to present the approach which was developed for selecting safety class items in a specific nonreactor nuclear facility project at the Savannah River Site (SRS).

Low, J.M.

1990-01-01

318

An approach for selecting safety class items  

SciTech Connect

DOE Order 6430.1A, General Design Criteria, requires that DOE facilities be evaluated with regard to ``safety class items.`` Safety class items are defined as ``systems, components, and structures, including portions of process systems, whose failure could adversely affect the environment or safety and health of the public. Determination of safety classification is based on analysis of potential abnormal and accidental scenario consequences as presented in the Safety Analysis Report.`` Although the General Design Criteria defines safety class items, it does not provide an approach for selecting safety class items. The purpose of this report is to present the approach which was developed for selecting safety class items in a specific nonreactor nuclear facility project at the Savannah River Site (SRS).

Low, J.M.

1990-12-31

319

Relative Effects of Barrier Precautions and Topical Antibiotics on Nosocomial Bacterial Transmission: Results of Multi-compartment Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nosocomial bacterial infections in critically ill patients are generally preceded by asymptomatic carriage (i.e. colonization)\\u000a at one, or even several, body sites such as the skin, the gastro-intestinal and the respiratory tract. Different routes of\\u000a transmission between the colonized sites create a complex epidemiology, which is additionally complicated by the smallness\\u000a of the patient population size and the rapid patient

B. Boldin; M. J. M. Bonten; O. Diekmann

2007-01-01

320

Papers and Proceedings of the Surgeon General's Conference on Agricultural Safety and Health. Held in Des Moines, Iowa on April 30-May 3, 1991. (Public Law 101-517).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proceedings of a conference on agricultural safety and health were presented. Included in the publication were speeches given by several participants on the potential for developing a national coalition, questions to guide the national agenda, medical...

J. E. Parker J. R. Myers M. L. Myers R. F. Herrick S. A. Olenchock

1992-01-01

321

Aerospace Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center presents materials on aerospace safety. Topics include hazard communications, lockout/tagout, confined space entry, fall protection, PPE, firefighting and bloodborne pathogens.

2010-10-18

322

Robotic Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The introduction of industrial robots in the workplace has improved safety by reducing human exposure to some of the traditional hazardous tasks and environments, yet at the same time robots have introduced new hazards in the workplace. There are currentl...

D. S. Kessel

1984-01-01

323

Auto Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... until they have reached the maximum weight and height limits recommended by the manufacturer. Many parents have ... a crash. So it's essential to follow the height and weight guidelines on the child safety seat ...

324

Skateboarding Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... SAFETY Like other sports activities, skateboarding has risks. Vehicle traffic, trick riding, and excessive speed can lead ... t become another statistic. ? Stay clear of moving vehicles. Some of the most common and severe skateboarding ...

325

Bike Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... have to wear special clothing to enjoy the sport of biking. But the right clothing can increase ... MORE ON THIS TOPIC Getting Exercise in College Sports and Exercise Safety Choosing the Right Sport for ...

326

Lawnmower Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... not remove safety devices, shields, or guards on switches. Add fuel before starting the engine, not when ... mower from tipping over. Do not cut wet grass. Top of page Last reviewed: March 2012 AAOS ...

327

Safety Guidelines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order for students to inquire confidently, we must create safe classroom environments. Safety is not just a set of rules but a state of mind, and perhaps, most importantly, it is an attitude and a set of skills that carry over into a students' daily life. But research also shows that the space in which students inquire is vital to their safety and security. This chapter summarizes some of the important factors that contribute to safe laboratory environments.

Biehle, James T.; Motz, Lamoine L.; West, Sandra S.

2007-01-01

328

Defibrillation safety in emergency helicopter transport.  

PubMed

Rotary aircraft play a growing role in the transport of critically ill patients who may require emergency treatment, including defibrillation, during transport. The close quarters and proximity of vital electronic equipment have generated concern among personnel carrying out defibrillation in the air. We address the chief safety issues in helicopter defibrillation by providing measurements of the transient leakage current resulting from contact with a paddle and tested in-flight electronic interference and survey the defibrillation experience of helicopter programs. Our data show that airborne defibrillation is safe. A maximum of 1.5 mA of transient leakage current was measured from a standard battery-powered defibrillator, well within the accepted safety standard of 50 mA. In flight, there was no interference with the avionics or medical equipment, and adequate clearance was available for personnel. Of the helicopter programs surveyed, 69 (87%) had defibrillated in flight without incident. We conclude that defibrillation can be performed in the helicopter without hesitation whether on the ground or in the air, provided standard defibrillation precautions are observed. PMID:2910165

Dedrick, D K; Darga, A; Landis, D; Burney, R E

1989-01-01

329

Complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration: guidelines for the dental office.  

PubMed

This article outlines Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines for maintaining a safe dental practice workplace and covers requirements, such as education and protection for dental health care personnel. OSHA regulations aim to reduce exposure to blood-borne pathogens. Environmental infection control in dental offices and operatories is the goal of enforcement of OSHA codes of practice. Universal precautions reduce the risk for infectious disease. OSHA has a mandate to protect workers in the United States from potential workplace injuries. OSHA standards are available through online and print publications and owners of dental practices must meet OSHA standards for the workplace. PMID:18501741

Boyce, Ricardo; Mull, Justin

2008-07-01

330

Dental surgery and anesthetic precautions of a patient with Down syndrome and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: a case report.  

PubMed

Down syndrome and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis have been associated with ligament laxity, specifically the atlantoaxial ligament, which maintains the proper positioning of the cervical first and second vertebrae. The joint consists of different pathological processes, and it is paramount that individuals with either condition be screened appropriately before surgery is contemplated. The purpose of this paper was to present a case of an individual with both conditions and describe precautionary measures that were undertaken to safely complete dental treatment under general anesthesia and avoid morbidity. PMID:23265174

Unkel, John H; Edwards, Justin S; Piscitelli, William P; Tye, Gary W

331

Effect of implementation of safety measures in tae kwon do competition  

PubMed Central

Background: Previous reviews of tae kwon do (TKD) tournaments have documented injury rates of 25/1000 to 12.7/100 athlete exposures. Most injuries have been reported to be to the head and the neck and are occasionally very serious. Many of these studies involved high level TKD competitions with minimal safety precautions. Recently, safety measures have been implemented in many TKD competitions. Objective: To evaluate retrospectively the incidence of injuries in TKD competitions involving a wide range of participants and featuring extensive safety precautions. Methods: A total of 2498 participants ranged in age from 18 to 66, included both men and women, and ranged in rank from yellow to black belt. Traumas, defined as any event requiring interaction with medical staff, were documented with respect to mechanism, diagnosis, treatment, and follow up recommendations. An injury was defined as a trauma that prevented a contestant from resuming competition on the day that the trauma occurred, according to National Collegiate Athletic Association criteria. Results: The injury rate was 0.4/1000 athlete exposures. This is lower than reported in previous studies of TKD tournaments and in many other sports. Conclusion: TKD tournaments that emphasise limited contact, protective equipment, and medical supervision are relatively safe and compare favourably with other sports.

Burke, D; Barfoot, K; Bryant, S; Schneider, J; Kim, H; Levin, G

2003-01-01

332

Pesticide Exposure, Safety Issues, and Risk Assessment Indicators  

PubMed Central

Pesticides are widely used in agricultural production to prevent or control pests, diseases, weeds, and other plant pathogens in an effort to reduce or eliminate yield losses and maintain high product quality. Although pesticides are developed through very strict regulation processes to function with reasonable certainty and minimal impact on human health and the environment, serious concerns have been raised about health risks resulting from occupational exposure and from residues in food and drinking water. Occupational exposure to pesticides often occurs in the case of agricultural workers in open fields and greenhouses, workers in the pesticide industry, and exterminators of house pests. Exposure of the general population to pesticides occurs primarily through eating food and drinking water contaminated with pesticide residues, whereas substantial exposure can also occur in or around the home. Regarding the adverse effects on the environment (water, soil and air contamination from leaching, runoff, and spray drift, as well as the detrimental effects on wildlife, fish, plants, and other non-target organisms), many of these effects depend on the toxicity of the pesticide, the measures taken during its application, the dosage applied, the adsorption on soil colloids, the weather conditions prevailing after application, and how long the pesticide persists in the environment. Therefore, the risk assessment of the impact of pesticides either on human health or on the environment is not an easy and particularly accurate process because of differences in the periods and levels of exposure, the types of pesticides used (regarding toxicity and persistence), and the environmental characteristics of the areas where pesticides are usually applied. Also, the number of the criteria used and the method of their implementation to assess the adverse effects of pesticides on human health could affect risk assessment and would possibly affect the characterization of the already approved pesticides and the approval of the new compounds in the near future. Thus, new tools or techniques with greater reliability than those already existing are needed to predict the potential hazards of pesticides and thus contribute to reduction of the adverse effects on human health and the environment. On the other hand, the implementation of alternative cropping systems that are less dependent on pesticides, the development of new pesticides with novel modes of action and improved safety profiles, and the improvement of the already used pesticide formulations towards safer formulations (e.g., microcapsule suspensions) could reduce the adverse effects of farming and particularly the toxic effects of pesticides. In addition, the use of appropriate and well-maintained spraying equipment along with taking all precautions that are required in all stages of pesticide handling could minimize human exposure to pesticides and their potential adverse effects on the environment.

Damalas, Christos A.; Eleftherohorinos, Ilias G.

2011-01-01

333

Millwright Apprenticeship. Related Training Modules. 1.1-1.8 Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet, part of the instructional materials for the Oregon apprenticeship program for millwright training, contains eight modules covering safety. The modules provide information on the following topics: general safety, hand tool safety, power tool safety, fire safety, hygiene, safety and electricity, types of fire and fire prevention, and…

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

334

33 CFR 150.601 - What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port...DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Workplace Safety and Health Safety and Health (general) § 150.601 What are the safety...

2013-07-01

335

Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation safety concerns: a lesson from the Tuberculosis Ultraviolet Shelter Study: Murphy's Law affirmed.  

PubMed

Concerns about the safety of Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI) applications on human beings have been an issue at least since the introduction of this technology for practical use in the 1930s. The resurgence of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States in the mid-1980s led to a revival of interest in UV technology, a focus that had almost disappeared because alternate means of controlling TB had inaccurately been deemed successful. These failures in TB control led to a revival of UVGI use. And with that revival grew necessary and appropriate concerns about attempts to eliminate human overexposure. For all those working in the field of UVGI, safety issues must be a concern because when UVGI fixtures are placed improperly, or precautions ignored, room occupants are placed at risk of photokeratoconjunctivitis and photodermatitis. If safety is so prominent a concern, why do incidents of UV side effects continue to occur? See Murphy's Law. PMID:23278626

Brickner, Philip W; Vincent, Richard L

2013-01-29

336

Electrical Power Transmission and Distribution Safety. Module SH-40. Safety and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This student module on electrical power transmission and distribution safety is one of 50 modules concerned with job safety and health. This module focuses on some of the general safety rules, techniques, and procedures that are essential in establishing a safe environment for the electrical power transmission worker. Following the introduction,…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

337

NASA Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established by Congress after the Apollo spacecraft fire in January 1967, the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) is an independent group of experts tasked with advising "the NASA Administrator and Congress on all safety-related issues -- design, development, manufacturing, flight preparation, and missions operations -- concerning NASA's human space flight programs." The ASAP homepage features the text of previous annual reports and general information about the Panel and its activities.

338

General Relativity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a classic, graduate level, "math-first" textbook on general relativity. The author develops the theory of general relativity from a modern, mathematical point-of-view. The author covers introductory general relativity along with recent problems such as the thermodynamics of black holes.

Mald, Robert

2009-06-12

339

Safety Is No Laughing Matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the beginning of each fall semester the chemistry department holds a safety seminar for all beginning chemistry students and student laboratory assistants to emphasize safe laboratory practices. As part of the program, two faculty members have presented a light-hearted skit which highlights numerous safety violations made by two general chemistry "students" as they carry out a titration lab. The audience is challenged to participate in a contest to identify the violations and the student with the most correct safety errors receives a prize. The skit can be carried out with minimal props and preparation time and script for the skit is presented for your use.

Hill, Patricia S.; Greco, Thomas G.

1995-12-01

340

Online Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes provisions of Children's Internet Protection Act, which school districts are required to implement on or before October 31, 2001, involving the development and public dissemination of federally mandated Internet-safety policy to prevent minors from accessing inappropriate and harmful material. Provides suggestions to protect children…

Levine, Elliott

2001-01-01

341

Safety First!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author relates how a hands-on chemistry investigation provided her the inspiration to develop an effective safety lesson for her third grade chemistry class. She began the lesson by demonstrating the use of pH indicator paper to show that ordinary household (white) vinegar was an acid. With the students, she wondered aloud…

Longfield, Judith

2006-01-01

342

Roadside Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 12 papers in the report deal with the following areas: some recent developments in timber pole safety by design; Pennsylvania's guide rail standards; a cost-effective change; events that produce occupant injury in longitudinal barrier accidents; low-m...

D. L. Ivey J. R. Morgan L. C. Schultz M. H. Ray J. D. Michie

1986-01-01

343

Radiation Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing and radiology staff members can have a difficult time coexisting and communicating as they strive to provide quality care for patients. Misconceptions about safe radiologic practice within the practice of perioperative nursing occur because members of these professional fields are unfamiliar with each other's knowledge and practice guidelines. This article provides an overview of radiologic practice and safety.

Michael Shymko; Tina Marie Shymko

1998-01-01

344

Cryogenics safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The safety hazards associated with handling cryogenic fluids are discussed in detail. These hazards include pressure buildup when a cryogenic fluid is heated and becomes a gas, potential damage to body tissues due to surface contact, toxic risk from breathing air altered by cryogenic fluids, dangers of air solidification, and hazards of combustible cryogens such as liquified oxygen, hydrogen, or

Reider

1977-01-01

345

Bike Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... chirping. What could be more perfect than a bike ride? But wait! Before you pull your bike out of the garage, let's find out how ... two wheels. Why Is Bicycle Safety So Important? Bike riding is a lot of fun, but accidents ...

346

School Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The articles in this issue dealing with school safety discusses what rural and small urban settings are doing to prevent violence and to educate young people about prosocial alternatives to violence. The research is quite clear that female, minority, and gay students are the targets of a disproportionate amount of harassment and violence, both in…

The Newsletter of the Comprehensive Center-Region VI, 1999

1999-01-01

347

A philosophy for space nuclear systems safety  

SciTech Connect

The unique requirements and contraints of space nuclear systems require careful consideration in the development of a safety policy. The Nuclear Safety Policy Working Group (NSPWG) for the Space Exploration Initiative has proposed a hierarchical approach with safety policy at the top of the hierarchy. This policy allows safety requirements to be tailored to specific applications while still providing reassurance to regulators and the general public that the necessary measures have been taken to assure safe application of space nuclear systems. The safety policy used by the NSPWG is recommended for all space nuclear programs and missions.

Marshall, A.C.

1992-08-01

348

Workplace Safety and Health Topics: Safety & Prevention  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . NIOSH Home Workplace Safety & Health Topics NIOSH NIOSH A-Z Index What's New on ... New Archive 1996-1997 Workplace Safety and Health Topics Industries & Occupations Hazards & Exposures Diseases & Injuries Safety & Prevention ...

349

46 CFR 50.10-23 - Marine Safety Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Marine Safety Center. 50.10-23...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING GENERAL PROVISIONS Definition...This Subchapter § 50.10-23 Marine Safety Center. The term...

2011-10-01

350

46 CFR 50.10-23 - Marine Safety Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Marine Safety Center. 50.10-23...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING GENERAL PROVISIONS Definition...This Subchapter § 50.10-23 Marine Safety Center. The term...

2012-10-01

351

42 CFR 3.206 - Confidentiality of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Confidentiality of patient safety work product. 3.206 Section 3.206...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2012-10-01

352

42 CFR 3.208 - Continued protection of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Continued protection of patient safety work product. 3.208 Section 3.208...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2011-10-01

353

42 CFR 3.206 - Confidentiality of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Confidentiality of patient safety work product. 3.206 Section 3.206...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2011-10-01

354

42 CFR 3.212 - Nonidentification of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Nonidentification of patient safety work product. 3.212 Section 3.212...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2011-10-01

355

42 CFR 3.208 - Continued protection of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Continued protection of patient safety work product. 3.208 Section 3.208...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2012-10-01

356

42 CFR 3.210 - Required disclosure of patient safety work product to the Secretary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Required disclosure of patient safety work product to the Secretary. 3.210...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2012-10-01

357

42 CFR 3.204 - Privilege of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Privilege of patient safety work product. 3.204 Section 3.204...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2012-10-01

358

42 CFR 3.204 - Privilege of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Privilege of patient safety work product. 3.204 Section 3.204...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2011-10-01

359

42 CFR 3.210 - Required disclosure of patient safety work product to the Secretary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Required disclosure of patient safety work product to the Secretary. 3.210...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2011-10-01

360

42 CFR 3.212 - Nonidentification of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Nonidentification of patient safety work product. 3.212 Section 3.212...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2012-10-01

361

Safety harness  

DOEpatents

A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment, which safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

Gunter, Larry W. (615 Sand Pit Rd., Leesville, SC 29070)

1993-01-01

362

Safety harness  

DOEpatents

A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment. The safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

Gunter, L.W.

1991-04-08

363

Vaccine safety.  

PubMed

Brief reports are presented on Swissmedic's experiences with PaniFlow, a tool to monitor Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) of pandemic influenza (H1N1) 2009 vaccines and UMC's updates on AEFI of these vaccines; on WHO's Global Network for Post-marketing Surveillance of Prequalified Vaccines and India joining the network; the June 2010 meeting of the Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety. PMID:21673419

Labadie, Jerry

2011-01-01

364

Food Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food can never be entirely safe. Food safety is threatened by numerous pathogens that cause a variety of foodborne diseases,\\u000a algal toxins that cause mostly acute disease, and fungal toxins that may be acutely toxic but may also have chronic sequelae,\\u000a such as teratogenic, immunotoxic, nephrotoxic, and estrogenic effects. Perhaps more worrisome, the industrial activities of\\u000a the last century and

Andrea Borchers; Suzanne S. Teuber; Carl L. Keen; M. Eric Gershwin

2010-01-01

365

FDA Drug Safety Newsletter  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Section Contents Menu. Drug Safety and Availability. FDA Drug Safety Newsletter. ... FDA Drug Safety Newsletter. The FDA Drug Safety ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/drugsafetynewsletter

366

Medical Device Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety - Section Contents ... Medical Product Safety Network Emergency Situations (Medical Devices) - Medical Device Safety Search the Medical Device Safety Section Medical ...

367

Patient Safety Organizations  

MedlinePLUS

... mail Updates Welcome to AHRQ's Patient Safety Organization Web Site The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005 (Patient Safety Act) authorized the creation of Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs) to improve the ...

368

A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial to evaluate the safety, clinical effectiveness, cost effectiveness and satisfaction with point of care testing in a general practice setting – rationale, design and baseline characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Point of care testing (PoCT) may be a useful adjunct in the management of chronic conditions in general practice (GP). The provision of pathology test results at the time of the consultation could lead to enhanced clinical management, better health outcomes, greater convenience and satisfaction for patients and general practitioners (GPs), and savings in costs and time. It could

Caroline Laurence; Angela Gialamas; Lisa Yelland; Tanya Bubner; Philip Ryan; Kristyn Willson; Briony Glastonbury; Janice Gill; Mark Shephard; Justin Beilby

2008-01-01

369

B PLANT DOCUMENTED SAFETY ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the documented safety analysis (DSA) and Central Plateau Remediation Project (CP) requirements that apply to surveillance and maintenance (S&M) activities at the 221-B Canyon Building and ancillary support structures (B Plant). The document replaces BHI-010582, Documented Safety Analysis for the B-Plant Facility. The B Plant is non-operational, deactivated and undergoing long term S&M prior to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D). This DSA is compliant with 10 CFR 830, Nuclear Safety Management, Subpart B, ''Safety Basis Requirements.'' The DSA was developed in accordance with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) standard DOE-STD-1120-98, Integration of Environment, Safety, and Health into Facility Disposition Activities (DOE 1998) per Table 2 of 10 CFR 830 Appendix A, DOE Richland Operation Office (RL) direction (02-ABD-0053, Fluor Hanford Nuclear Safety Basis Strategy and Criteria) for facilities in long term S&M, and RL Direction (02-ABD-0091, ''FHI Nuclear Safety Expectations for Nuclear Facilities in Surveillance and Maintenance''). A crosswalk was prepared to identify potential inconsistencies between the previous B Plant safety analysis and DOE-STD-1120-98 guidance. In general, the safety analysis met the criteria of DOE-STD-1120-98. Some format and content changes have been made, including incorporating recent facility modifications and updating the evaluation guidelines and control selection criteria in accordance with RL direction (02-ABD-0053). The facility fire hazard analysis (FHA) and Technical Safety Requirements (TSR) are appended to this DSA as an aid to the users, to minimize editorial redundancy, and to provide an efficient basis for update.

DODD, E.N.; KERR, N.R.

2003-08-01

370

Systematic assessment of laser safety in otolaryngology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Risk management of lasers can be broadly define das a process of identification of the risk, assessment of the risk and steps taken to avert the risk. The risk management may be divided into: Risk inherent to the technology and risk in clinical use. Within the National Health Service in the UK, a useful document, which provides hospital laser users with advice on safety, is the 'Guidance on the Safe Use of Lasers in Medical and Dental Practice' issued by the Medical Devices Agency for the Department of Health in the UK. It recommends the appointment of a Laser Protection Adviser (LPA) who is knowledgeable in the evaluation of laser hazards. One of the duties LPA is to ensure that Local Rules are drawn up for each specific application of a laser. A Laser Protection Supervisor (LPS) should also be appointed with responsibility to ensure that the Local Rules are observed. It is a sensible precaution that laser users should be those approved by the Laser Protection Supervisor in consultation with the Laser Protection Advisor. All laser users should sign a statement that they have read and understood the Local Rules.

Oswal, V. H.

2001-01-01

371

Scope on Safety: Proactive safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Horrifying stories of accidents in the science lab abound. You may think that such accidents could never happen in your lab, but accidents do happen even in the most controlled environments. So, the best thing you can do to protect yourselves and your students is to implement and document proactive safety procedures. The following actions are recommended to reduce accidents in the lab and litigation in the courtroom.

Roy, Ken

2006-09-01

372

Disease Precautions for Dog Walkers  

MedlinePLUS

... you are covered for your own injuries and liabilities – for that we recommend you consult legal counsel ... feces, etc.); otherwise, the use of hand sanitizer products is appropriate. Don’t let dogs give you ...

373

Collapsing Goods, Innovation, and Precaution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Goods, items or practices or experiences that bear utility are not all of a kind, in terms of the dividend they pay in social utility as usage of them increases. Some of them continue to be good no matter how few or how many of us have or practice or experience them. Others become less good, or perhaps even bad,

Chris Macdonald

2006-01-01

374

Precautions regarding Nonword Repetition Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using nonword repetition tasks as an experimental approach with both adults and children has become quite common in the past 10 to 15 years for studying lexical learning and phonological processing (e.g., Bailey & Hahn, 2001; Gathercole, Frankish, Pickering & Peaker, 1998; Munson, Edwards, & Beckman, 2005; Storkel, 2001; Vitevich & Luce, 2005). In…

Smith, Bruce

2006-01-01

375

General Dentist  

MedlinePLUS

... information you need from the Academy of General Dentistry Friday, September 27, 2013 About | Contact InfoBites Quick ... Instead of specializing in just one area of dentistry, they can provide plenty of different services for ...

376

Radiation Safety System  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this work is to provide an overview of a Radiation safety system (RSS) designed for protection from prompt radiation hazard at accelerator facilities. RSS design parameters, functional requirements and constraints are derived from hazard analysis and risk assessment undertaken in the design phase of the facility. The two main subsystems of a RSS are access control system (ACS) and radiation control system (RCS). In this text, a common approach to risk assessment, typical components of ACS and RCS, desirable features and general design principles applied to RSS are described.

Vylet, Vaclav; /Jefferson Lab; Liu, James C.; /SLAC; Walker, Lawrence S.; /Los Alamos

2012-04-04

377

General Chemistry for Waste Handlers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual is intended for use in presenting a course which provides the content-specific general chemistry education required for the safety awareness and job enhancement of persons employed as waste handlers. The course, which was designed to be delivered to technicians at job sites in a lecture/demonstration format with several hands-on…

Sixtus, Michael E.

378

Health information exchange and patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most promising advantages for health information exchange (HIE) is improved patient safety. Up to 18% of the patient safety errors generally and as many as 70% of adverse drug events could be eliminated if the right information about the right patient is available at the right time. Health information exchange makes this possible.Here we present an overview

David C. Kaelber; David W. Bates

2007-01-01

379

Chemical Food Safety of Traditional Grains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Looking in general at the chemical food safety of traditional grains mycotoxins must be expected to be the major issue. A survey of the scientific literature and of alerts from the EU food safety system demonstrates that the problems to be foreseen for an intensified import into the EU will be more or less the same as for conventional

L. Brimer

380

47 CFR 95.1125 - RF safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false RF safety. 95.1125 Section 95.1125... General Provisions § 95.1125 RF safety. Portable devices as defined...are subject to radio frequency radiation exposure requirements as specified in §§...

2009-10-01

381

Safety in Science. Curriculum Support Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the major causes of accidents are carelessness and a negative or apathetic attitude towards safety, this guide was developed to facilitate safe, stimulating science laboratory activities by providing both general and specific safety information presented in 12 sections. Subject areas considered in these sections include: 1)…

Lulashnyk, Lorne; Boonov, Janet

382

Quality and Safety Management in Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a theoretical standpoint, quality management and safety management programs have similar characteristics. In construction work, a company's ability to deliver a quality product in a safe manner is the key to business success. In order to better understand what contributes to successful quality and safety programs in construction, a literature review was conducted using general, engineering, and business literature

Todd W. Loushine; Peter L.T. Hoonakker; Pascale Carayon; Michael J. Smith

2006-01-01

383

Good Medical Practice should improve patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – With the new emphasis on patient safety in the General Medical Council's revised guidelines on good medical practice, this article seeks to draw doctors' awareness to their duties in this regard. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This article looks at recent important publications relating to medical professionalism, paying particular attention to the patient-safety agenda. The main focus is on two key

Jane Cowan

2007-01-01

384

Consumer Perception of Safety: A Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the results of a survey of consumer attitudes toward product safety. In general, American consumers are not optimistic about the safety of the products they buy: foods, medicines, and cosmetics. More specifically, some two-thirds of al...

M. Poprik

1974-01-01

385

A consensus-based approach to patient safety in epilepsy monitoring units: recommendations for preferred practices.  

PubMed

Patients in an epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) with video-EEG telemetry have a risk for seizure emergencies, injuries and adverse events, which emphasizes the need for strategies to prevent avoidable harm. An expert consensus process was used to establish recommendations for patient safety in EMUs. Workgroups analyzed literature and expert opinion regarding seizure observation, seizure provocation, acute seizures, and activity/environment. A Delphi methodology was used to establish consensus for items submitted by these workgroups. Fifty-three items reached consensus and were organized into 30 recommendations. High levels of agreement were noted for items pertaining to orientation, training, communication, seizure precautions, individualized plans, and patient/family education. It was agreed that seizure observation should include direct observation or use of closed-circuit camera. The use of continuous observation was strongest in patients with invasive electrodes, at high risk for injury, or undergoing AED withdrawal. This process provides a first step in establishing EMU safety practices. PMID:22999858

Shafer, Patricia O; Buelow, Janice M; Noe, Katherine; Shinnar, Ruth; Dewar, Sandra; Levisohn, Paul M; Dean, Patricia; Ficker, David; Pugh, Mary Jo; Barkley, Gregory L

2012-09-20

386

Safety and Special Radio Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous radio stations across the nation perform nonbroadcast services in areas ranging from aviation, forestry protection, and telephone maintenance to amateur and citizen radio. These services can be grouped in four general categories: (1) safety, (2) industry, (3) land transportation, and (4) miscellaneous purposes. This bulletin briefly…

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

387

12 CFR 348.6 - General exemption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY MANAGEMENT OFFICIAL INTERLOCKS...or substantial lessening of competition and would not present safety...or substantial lessening of competition if the depository organization...or substantial lessening of competition, or is unsafe or...

2013-01-01

388

12 CFR 390.405 - General exemption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY REGULATIONS TRANSFERRED...or substantial lessening of competition and would not present safety...or substantial lessening of competition if the depository organization...or substantial lessening of competition, or is unsafe or...

2013-01-01

389

49 CFR 501.2 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES § 501.2 General. The Administrator is...locations, and highway-related aspects of pedestrian and bicycle safety. (c) Exercise the authority vested in the...

2010-10-01

390

49 CFR 501.2 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES § 501.2 General. The Administrator is...locations, and highway-related aspects of pedestrian and bicycle safety. (c) Exercise the authority vested in the...

2009-10-01

391

PSI annual report 1995. General volume.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report gives an overview of the PSI's activities in 1995 in the fields of research: nuclear and particle physics, life sciences, solid state research at large facilities, applied solid state physics, nuclear energy, safety, and general energy research...

M. Salzmann

1996-01-01

392

10 CFR 1707.201 - General prohibition.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false General prohibition. 1707.201 Section 1707.201 Energy DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD TESTIMONY BY DNFSB EMPLOYEES AND PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS Requests...

2013-01-01

393

10 CFR 830.4 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT § 830.4 General...A contractor responsible for a nuclear facility must ensure implementation...there is no contractor for a DOE nuclear facility, DOE must ensure...

2013-01-01

394

49 CFR 599.501 - Generally.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES FOR CONSUMER ASSISTANCE TO RECYCLE AND SAVE ACT PROGRAM Enforcement § 599.501 Generally. The provisions of 5 U.S.C. 554, 556 and 557 do not...

2012-10-01

395

49 CFR 599.501 - Generally.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES FOR CONSUMER ASSISTANCE TO RECYCLE AND SAVE ACT PROGRAM Enforcement § 599.501 Generally. The provisions of 5 U.S.C. 554, 556 and 557 do not...

2011-10-01

396

23 CFR 1340.4 - In general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION UNIFORM CRITERIA FOR STATE OBSERVATIONAL SURVEYS OF SEAT BELT USE Survey Design Requirements § 1340.4 In general. This subpart sets forth the minimum design...

2013-04-01

397

Asbestos Standard for General Industry (Revised).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This booklet contains an overview of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) worker protection requirements for exposure to asbestos in general industry and describes the steps an employer must take to reduce the levels of asbestos th...

1995-01-01

398

12 CFR 1750.10 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 1750.10 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS CAPITAL Risk-Based Capital § 1750.10 General. The regulation contained in...

2012-01-01

399

9 CFR 301.1 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 301.1 Section 301.1 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION TERMINOLOGY; ADULTERATION AND MISBRANDING STANDARDS § 301.1 General....

2013-01-01

400

Practical photochemistry: General considerations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Practical aspects of laboratory scale preparative photochemistry are discussed under the headings of: (1) lamps: dimensions, power ratings, spectral distributions and output intensities of different lamp types; (2) the reaction mixture: factors involved in establishing the most suitable wavelength region to use to carry out a particular reaction; the selection of the appropriate solvents, filters, and glassware; concentration of the photoactive component; (3) preparative photoreactions: immersion well, falling film, external irradiation and elliptical configurations; (4) apparatus for quantitative work: carousel and optical bench arrangements; (5) hazards: effects of ultraviolet radiation on eyes and skin and precautions to be taken.

Hutchison, J.

1986-05-01

401

46 CFR 129.220 - Basic safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...General Requirements § 129.220 Basic safety. (a) Electrical equipment and installations must be suitable for the roll, pitch, and vibration of the vessel under way. (b) All equipment, including switches, fuses, and lampholders, must be...

2012-10-01

402

Occupational Safety and Health. A Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication consists of an annotated bibliography of published sources treating occupational safety and health both generally and specifically. The literature included deals primarily with causes, and possible prevention, of occupational injury and di...

1974-01-01

403

14 CFR 34.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT FUEL VENTING AND EXHAUST EMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TURBINE ENGINE POWERED AIRPLANES General Provisions § 34.6 Aircraft safety. (a) The provisions of this part will...

2013-01-01

404

Developing Correct Safety Critical, Hybrid, Embedded Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Several aspects of the development process of correct safety critical discrete and hybrid embedded systems are discussed. The general process and its support by the CASE tool AUTOFOCUS is outlined. This is illustrated along the lines of a simplified versi...

A. Pretschner O. Slotosch T. Stauner

2001-01-01

405

Safety Assurance for Irradiating Experiments in the Advanced Test Reactor  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), located at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), was specifically designed to provide a high neutron flux test environment for conducting a variety of experiments. This paper addresses the safety assurance process for two general types of experiments conducted in the ATR facility and how the safety analyses for experiments are related to the ATR safety basis. One type of experiment is more routine and generally represents greater risks; therefore, this type of experiment is addressed in more detail in the ATR safety basis. This allows the individual safety analysis for this type of experiment to be more standardized. The second type of experiment is defined in more general terms in the ATR safety basis and is permitted under more general controls. Therefore, the individual safety analysis for the second type of experiment tends to be more unique and is tailored to each experiment.

T. A. Tomberlin; S. B. Grover

2004-11-01

406

47 CFR 101.409 - Terms of grant; general limitations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...101.409 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES FIXED MICROWAVE SERVICES Developmental Authorizations § 101.409 Terms of grant; general limitations. (a)...

2011-10-01

407

47 CFR 101.409 - Terms of grant; general limitations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...101.409 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES FIXED MICROWAVE SERVICES Developmental Authorizations § 101.409 Terms of grant; general limitations. (a)...

2012-10-01

408

Weather Safety: Making Emergency Preparations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Precautions to take before, what to do if outdoors or indoors during, and inspecting for damage after thunderstorms, tornadoes, hurricanes, and floods. Sidebars discuss emergency supplies to keep on hand, calculating distance from thunderstorms, and the Fujita tornado rating scale. (TD)|

Lobe, Bill

1997-01-01

409

General relativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

General relativity is discussed in this book at a level appropriate to undergraduate students of physics and astronomy. It describes concepts and experimental results, and provides a succinct account of the formalism. A brief review of special relativity is followed by a discussion of the equivalence principle and its implications. Other topics covered include the concepts of curvature and the

I. R. Kenyon

1990-01-01

410

Safety training methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The book provides information necessary for the design, implementation and monitoring of occupational safety training programs. The place of the safety training program within a company is discussed, and the practical aspects of safety and health training programs are considered. OSHA safety and health training requirements are examined, together with the role of the supervisor in safety training and means

J. B. Revelle

1980-01-01

411

Rebuilding a safety culture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a culture of safety and NASA since the Challenger accident is reviewed. The technical elements of the strengthened NASA safety program are described, including problem reporting, risk/assessment/risk management, operational safety, and safety assurance are addressed. Future directions in the development of safety are considered.

Rodney, George A.

1991-11-01

412

Industrial and Firefighter's Safety Helmet Test Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A method is presented for the evaluation of a model of industrial or firefighter's helmet for check in inspection items, impact resistance, penetration resistance, flammability resistance, and insulation resistance. Test requirements, special precautions,...

W. I. Cook

1976-01-01

413

Multi-approach model for improving agrochemical safety among rice farmers in Pathumthani, Thailand  

PubMed Central

The large-scale use of agrochemicals has raised environmental and human health concerns. A comprehensive intervention strategy for improving agrochemical safety among rice farmers in Thailand is lacking. The objective of this study is to develop a model in order to improve farmers’ health and prevent them from being exposed to agrochemical hazards, in addition to evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention in terms of agrochemical safety. This study was conducted between October 2009 and January 2011. It measures changes in the mean scores of agrochemical knowledge, health beliefs, agrochemical use behaviors, and in-home pesticide safety. Knowledge of agrochemical use constitutes a basic knowledge of agrochemicals and agrochemical safety behaviors. Health beliefs constitute perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers to using agrochemicals. Agrochemical use behaviors include self-care practices in terms of personal health at specific times including before spraying, while spraying, during storage, transportation, waste management, and health risk management. Fifty rice farmers from Khlong Seven Community (study group) and 51 rice farmers from Bueng Ka Sam community (control group) were randomly recruited with support from community leaders. The participants were involved in a combination of home visits (ie, pesticide safety assessments at home) and community participatory activities regarding agrochemical safety. This study reveals that health risk behaviors regarding agrochemical exposure in the study area are mainly caused by lack of attention to safety precautions and the use of faulty protective gear. After 6 months, the intervention program showed significant improvements in the overall scores on knowledge, beliefs, behaviors, and home pesticide safety in the study group (P < 0.05). Therefore, this intervention model is effective in improving agrochemical safety behaviors among Khlong Seven Community rice farmers. These findings demonstrate that a multi-approach model for improving agrochemical safety behaviors can lead to sustainable prevention of agrochemical hazards for farmers.

Raksanam, Buppha; Taneepanichskul, Surasak; Siriwong, Wattasit; Robson, Mark

2012-01-01

414

Categorical modeling to evaluate road safety at the planning level  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most efficient strategy to ensure long term road network safety is to integrate safety analysis into the planning process of a network or a corridor. Safety planning decision-support tool outcomes should be reliable and realistic, taking into account the main characteristics of this particular level, which is characterized by scant and generalized data. However, the tools developed and presented

Sara Ferreira; António Couto

2012-01-01

415

Study on Enterprise's Employees' Safety Training Based on SPSS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In general, the present China's safety production situation takes a turn for the better continually, but the situation remains harsh; it is considered that one of the important measures for preventing accidents is intensifying safety education, safety training and improving the quality of laborers. In this paper, the famous statistical software-SPSS is introduced firstly, then a sample survey bas been

Fuliang Jiang; Keping Zhou; Hongwei Deng; Xiangyang Li; Yongming Zhong

2009-01-01

416

Integrating Occupational Health and Safety into TAFE Courses: Curriculum Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to help technical and further education (TAFE) curriculum writers in Australia integrate safety education into vocational education courses. It provides a general overview of occupational health and safety from the perspective of TAFE trade training and a brief summary of the major health and safety issues that might be…

Hall, Bob; Mageean, Pauline

417

Orientation to Machine Shop. Safety, Machine Identification, Metal Identification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These instructional materials provide an orientation to the machine shop for use at the postsecondary level. The first of three sections discusses four important areas of safety: (1) personal safety; (2) safety procedures; (3) safe work practices; and (4) fire prevention. The second section identifies and describes the general purposes of 12…

Engelbrecht, Nancy; And Others

418

Impacts of Food Safety on U.S. Meat Demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the impacts of food safety on a weakly separable U.S. meat demand system (beef, pork, and poultry) using both the Generalized Almost Ideal Demand System (GAIDS) and the Rotterdam model. To measure food safety, indices are constructed based on the number of meat safety articles reported by the top 50 English language newspapers. The GAIDS permits estimation of

Nicholas E. Piggott; Thomas L. Marsh

2001-01-01

419

STATISTICAL SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR AUTOMOTIVE SAFETY SYSTE MS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amount of software in general and safety systems in particular increases rapidly in the automotive industry. T he trend is that functionality is decentralized, so new safety functions are distributed to common shared computer hard- ware, sensors and actuators using central data buses. This paper overviews recent and future safety systems, and high- lights the big challenges for researchers

Fredrik Gustafsson

420

10 CFR 2.321 - Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards...321 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...Presiding Officer Powers, and General Hearing...2.321 Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards... (c) An Atomic Safety and Licensing Board...may exercise the powers of a presiding...

2013-01-01

421

Autonomous Flight Safety System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Autonomous Flight Safety System (AFSS) is an independent flight safety system designed for small to medium sized expendable launch vehicles launching from or needing range safety protection while overlying relatively remote locations. AFSS replaces the ne...

B. Bull B. Ferrell J. Lanzi J. Simpson R. Zoerner S. Santuro

2004-01-01

422

National Safety Council  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Council recognizes 2013 Class of NSC Rising Stars of Safety at its Congress & Expo The Council recognizes its latest class of NSC Rising Stars of Safety, in conjunction with its 2013 NSC ...

423

Project Nuclear Safety (PNS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The annual report of the nuclear safety project (PNS) describes the work of the participating institutes in the fields of 1) safety and environmental protection in nuclear power plants, 2) safety and environmental protection in reprocessing plants, and 3)...

1978-01-01

424

Water Safety Lesson  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through role-playing and teacher presentation, students learn how to be safe around water. Students learn the three most important safety rules, ways to rescue someone from the water, boat safety, and ocean safety considerations.

Diego, The C.

2010-04-12

425

Generalizing the generalized Chaplygin gas  

SciTech Connect

The generalized Chaplygin gas is characterized by the equation of state p=-A/{rho}{sup {alpha}}, with {alpha}>-1 and w>-1. We generalize this model to allow for the cases where {alpha}<-1 or w<-1. This generalization leads to three new versions of the generalized Chaplygin gas: an early phantom model in which w<<-1 at early times and asymptotically approaches w=-1 at late times, a late phantom model with w{approx_equal}-1 at early times and w{yields}-{infinity} at late times, and a transient model with w{approx_equal}-1 at early times and w{yields}0 at late times. We consider these three cases as models for dark energy alone and examine constraints from type Ia supernovae and from the subhorizon growth of density perturbations. The transient Chaplygin gas model provides a possible mechanism to allow for a currently accelerating universe without a future horizon, while some of the early phantom models produce w<-1 without either past or future singularities.

Sen, A.A.; Scherrer, Robert J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States)

2005-09-15

426

30 CFR 77.1907 - Hoist construction; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Hoist construction; general. 77.1907 Section 77.1907 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Slope and Shaft Sinking § 77.1907 Hoist construction; general. If hooks...

2013-07-01

427

47 CFR 80.1085 - Ship radio equipment-General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Ship radio equipment-General. 80.1085 Section...Safety System (GMDSS) Equipment Requirements for Ship Stations § 80.1085 Ship radio equipmentâGeneral. This section...

2012-10-01

428

47 CFR 80.1085 - Ship radio equipment-General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ship radio equipment-General. 80.1085 Section...Safety System (GMDSS) Equipment Requirements for Ship Stations § 80.1085 Ship radio equipmentâGeneral. This section...

2011-10-01

429

49 CFR 192.475 - Internal corrosion control: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Internal corrosion control: General. 192.475 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.475 Internal corrosion control: General. (a)...

2010-10-01

430

49 CFR 192.479 - Atmospheric corrosion control: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Atmospheric corrosion control: General. 192.479 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.479 Atmospheric corrosion control: General. (a) Each...

2011-10-01

431

49 CFR 192.479 - Atmospheric corrosion control: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Atmospheric corrosion control: General. 192.479 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.479 Atmospheric corrosion control: General. (a) Each...

2012-10-01

432

30 CFR 77.1905 - Hoist safeguards; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Hoist safeguards; general. 77.1905 Section 77.1905 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Slope and Shaft Sinking § 77.1905 Hoist safeguards; general. (a) Hoists...

2013-07-01

433

30 CFR 19.5 - General requirements for approval.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false General requirements for approval. 19.5 Section 19.5 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC CAP LAMPS § 19.5 General requirements for approval. Electric...

2010-07-01

434

30 CFR 19.5 - General requirements for approval.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false General requirements for approval. 19.5 Section 19.5 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC CAP LAMPS § 19.5 General requirements for approval. Electric...

2009-07-01

435

47 CFR 80.1085 - Ship radio equipment-General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Telecommunication 5 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Ship radio equipment-General. 80.1085 Section...Safety System (GMDSS) Equipment Requirements for Ship Stations § 80.1085 Ship radio equipmentâGeneral. This section...

2009-10-01

436

Making Shop Safety Relevant to Occupational Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The McGuffey High School Vocational Agriculture Department, Claysville, Pennsylvania uses a shop safety demerit system, similar to those used in many industries, to relate safety to the real world of work. The system (context included) has proven effective in creating safety awareness. (EA)

Harshman, William C.

1974-01-01

437

Safety of Phenylpropanolamine  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Safety of Phenylpropanolamine. Food and Drug Administration Public Health Advisory Subject: Safety of Phenylpropanolamine. November 6, 2000. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

438

Aristolochic Acid: Safety Alert  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Section Contents Menu. Recalls, Outbreaks & Emergencies. Safety Alerts & Advisories. -. Aristolochic Acid: Safety Alert. FDA ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/safetyalertsadvisories

439

National Ag Safety Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A national central repository of agricultural health, safety, and injury prevention materials for the agricultural community and especially for agricultural safety specialists. Spanish materials are included.

2007-01-15

440

Farm Health and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety hazards, including Chemicals and pesticides Machinery, ... equipment can also reduce accidents. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

441

41 CFR 102-80.10 - What are the basic safety and environmental management policies for real property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are the basic safety and environmental management policies for real property...PROPERTY 80-SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT General Provisions...are the basic safety and environmental management policies for real...

2010-07-01

442

41 CFR 102-80.10 - What are the basic safety and environmental management policies for real property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are the basic safety and environmental management policies for real property...PROPERTY 80-SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT General Provisions...are the basic safety and environmental management policies for real...

2009-07-01

443

A comparison of commercial/industry and nuclear weapons safety concepts  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the authors identify factors which influence the safety philosophy used in the US commercial/industrial sector and compare them against those factors which influence nuclear weapons safety. Commercial/industrial safety is guided by private and public safety standards. Generally, private safety standards tend to emphasize product reliability issues while public (i.e., government) safety standards tend to emphasize human factors issues. Safety in the nuclear weapons arena is driven by federal requirements and memoranda of understanding (MOUs) between the Departments of Defense and Energy. Safety is achieved through passive design features integrated into the nuclear weapon. Though the common strand between commercial/industrial and nuclear weapons safety is the minimization of risk posed to the general population (i.e., public safety), the authors found that each sector tends to employ a different safety approach to view and resolve high-consequence safety issues.

Bennett, R.R.; Summers, D.A.

1996-07-01

444

General energetics  

SciTech Connect

This book is a comprehensive sourcebook for planetary management and strategies for sustainable development. Coupling biospheric and civilizational aspects, the book features thorough treatments of all critical energy storages, flows, and conversions. Measurements of energy and power densities and intensities are used throughout the book to provide an integrated framework of analysis for all segments of energetics from planetary and bioenergetics to the human energetics of hunting-gathering and agricultural societies through modern industrial civilization. Coverage also examines the environmental and socio-economic implication of the general patterns and trends of modern energy use.

Smil, V.

1991-01-01

445

General Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed for students in a general oceanography college course, this web site provides links to on-line expeditions in oceanography. Topics include marine resources, visualizing beneath the sea, global circulation and the California current, and marine ecosystems. Additional resources include a guide to the Mountains to Monsoons CD, a field trip guide to the Monterey Bay Aquarium and supporting information for a voyage to the San Francisco Bay-Estuary-Delta area. Links to News of the Week and Broadcast of the week provide up-to-date information on marine-related issues.

Reed, Don

2006-12-29

446

Safety Practices for Demolition Procedures. Module SH-41. Safety and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This student module on safety practices for demolition procedures is one of 50 modules concerned with job safety and health. This module presents a general outline of the safe work practices that should be followed at a demolition job site in order for workers to avoid injury. Following the introduction, 10 objectives (each keyed to a page in the…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

447

Food safety.  

PubMed

Food can never be entirely safe. Food safety is threatened by numerous pathogens that cause a variety of foodborne diseases, algal toxins that cause mostly acute disease, and fungal toxins that may be acutely toxic but may also have chronic sequelae, such as teratogenic, immunotoxic, nephrotoxic, and estrogenic effects. Perhaps more worrisome, the industrial activities of the last century and more have resulted in massive increases in our exposure to toxic metals such as lead, cadmium, mercury, and arsenic, which now are present in the entire food chain and exhibit various toxicities. Industrial processes also released chemicals that, although banned a long time ago, persist in the environment and contaminate our food. These include organochlorine compounds, such as 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethene) (DDT), other pesticides, dioxins, and dioxin-like compounds. DDT and its breakdown product dichlorophenyl dichloroethylene affect the developing male and female reproductive organs. In addition, there is increasing evidence that they exhibit neurodevelopmental toxicities in human infants and children. They share this characteristic with the dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. Other food contaminants can arise from the treatment of animals with veterinary drugs or the spraying of food crops, which may leave residues. Among the pesticides applied to food crops, the organophosphates have been the focus of much regulatory attention because there is growing evidence that they, too, affect the developing brain. Numerous chemical contaminants are formed during the processing and cooking of foods. Many of them are known or suspected carcinogens. Other food contaminants leach from the packaging or storage containers. Examples that have garnered increasing attention in recent years are phthalates, which have been shown to induce malformations in the male reproductive system in laboratory animals, and bisphenol A, which negatively affects the development of the central nervous system and the male reproductive organs. Genetically modified foods present new challenges to regulatory agencies around the world because consumer fears that the possible health risks of these foods have not been allayed. An emerging threat to food safety possibly comes from the increasing use of nanomaterials, which are already used in packaging materials, even though their toxicity remains largely unexplored. Numerous scientific groups have underscored the importance of addressing this issue and developing the necessary tools for doing so. Governmental agencies such as the US Food and Drug Administration and other agencies in the USA and their counterparts in other nations have the increasingly difficult task of monitoring the food supply for these chemicals and determining the human health risks associated with exposure to these substances. The approach taken until recently focused on one chemical at a time and one exposure route (oral, inhalational, dermal) at a time. It is increasingly recognized, however, that many of the numerous chemicals we are exposed to everyday are ubiquitous, resulting in exposure from food, water, air, dust, and soil. In addition, many of these chemicals act on the same target tissue by similar mechanisms. "Mixture toxicology" is a rapidly growing science that addresses the complex interactions between chemicals and investigates the effects of cumulative exposure to such "common mechanism groups" of chemicals. It is to be hoped that this results in a deeper understanding of the risks we face from multiple concurrent exposures and makes our food supply safer. PMID:19911313

Borchers, Andrea; Teuber, Suzanne S; Keen, Carl L; Gershwin, M Eric

2010-10-01

448

Generalizing Galileons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Galileons are a set of terms within four-dimensional effective field theories, obeying symmetries that can be derived from the dynamics of a (3 + 1)-dimensional flat brane embedded in a 5-dimensional Minkowski bulk. These theories have some intriguing properties, including freedom from ghosts and a non-renormalization theorem that hints at possible applications in both particle physics and cosmology. In this brief paper, we will summarize our attempts over the last year to extend the Galileon idea in two important ways. We will discuss the effective field theory construction arising from flat branes, of co-dimension greater than 1, embedded in a flat background—the multi-Galileons—and we will then describe symmetric covariant versions of the Galileons, more suitable for general cosmological applications. While all these Galileons can be thought of as interesting four-dimensional field theories in their own rights, the work described here may also make it easier to embed them into string theory, with its multiple extra dimensions and more general gravitational backgrounds.

Trodden, Mark; Hinterbichler, Kurt

2011-10-01

449

A comparison of commercial\\/industry and nuclear weapons safety concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the authors identify factors which influence the safety philosophy used in the US commercial\\/industrial sector and compare them against those factors which influence nuclear weapons safety. Commercial\\/industrial safety is guided by private and public safety standards. Generally, private safety standards tend to emphasize product reliability issues while public (i.e., government) safety standards tend to emphasize human factors

R. R. Bennett; D. A. Summers

1996-01-01

450

Testing safety commitment in organizations through interpretations of safety artifacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

ProblemSafety culture relates to injuries and safety incidents in organizations, but is difficult to asses and measure. We describe a preliminary test of assessing an organization's safety culture by examining employee interpretations of organizational safety artifacts (safety signs).

Gil Luria; Anat Rafaeli

2008-01-01

451

Campus Crime and Personal Safety in Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study surveys the literature in library science, law enforcement, the social sciences, education, and general-interest publications regarding library security in higher education. General and specific crimes are discussed, and suggestions are provided on how academic libraries can improve personal safety. (65 references) (Author/LRW)

Chadley, Otis A.

1996-01-01

452

Galileo Safety-of-Life Service Utilization for Railway Non-Safety and Safety Critical Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Galileo is expected to play an essential role in railway transport with view to reduce operational, investment and maintenance costs. However, quality requirements of the GNSS originate mainly from the aviation suggestions. Different safety philosophies used in aviation domain and in railway signaling complicate direct employment of the GNSS quality measures to the railway telematic applications. The objective of this paper is to outline the conception of railway requirements specification for the GNSS in order to cover a large amount of the appropriate applications in the non-safety and safety related domains. The elaborated methodology enables to provide specification of minimal quantitative requirements for GNSS system by means of railway attributes RAMS. This process generally represents contribution for GNSS system certification, when it is necessary to demonstrate that the GNSS system meets requirements, and the system outputs are correct. In the second level, certification of the specific GNSS application must follow subsequently.

Mocek, Hynek; Filip, Aleš; Bazant, Lubor

453

Safety validation test equipment operation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An overview of the activities conducted on safety validation test equipment operation for materials used for NASA manned missions is presented. Safety validation tests, such as flammability, odor, offgassing, and so forth were conducted in accordance with NASA-NHB-8060.1C using test subjects common with those used by NASA, and the equipment used were qualified for their functions and performances in accordance with NASDA-CR-99124 'Safety Validation Test Qualification Procedures.' Test procedure systems were established by preparing 'Common Procedures for Safety Validation Test' as well as test procedures for flammability, offgassing, and odor tests. The test operation organization chaired by the General Manager of the Parts and Material Laboratory of NASDA (National Space Development Agency of Japan) was established, and the test leaders and operators in the organization were qualified in accordance with the specified procedures. One-hundred-one tests had been conducted so far by the Parts and Material Laboratory according to the request submitted by the manufacturers through the Space Station Group and the Safety and Product Assurance for Manned Systems Office.

Kurosaki, Tadaaki; Watanabe, Takashi

1992-08-01

454

Safety: Preventive Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Underscores the need for community colleges to practice safety within the institutions and to instruct students in workplace safety procedures and requirements. Reviews Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) regulations and their impact on industry and education. Looks at the legal responsibilities of colleges for safety. (DMM)

Kotula, John R.; Digenakis, Anthony

1985-01-01

455

Improving patient safety culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Improving hospital patient safety means an open and stimulating culture is needed. This article aims to describe a patient safety culture improvement approach in five Belgian hospitals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Patient safety culture was measured using a validated Belgian adaptation of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) questionnaire. Studies before (autumn 2005) and after (spring 2007) the

Johan Hellings; Ward Schrooten; Niek S. Klazinga; Arthur Vleugels

2010-01-01

456

Safety Standards for Projectors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The safety of projectors and related viewing devices for school, home, and business use is of paramount importance. The Advisory Committee on Safety (ACOS) of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has established a working group to consider the problem of projector safety and to make recommendations for safety standards. (CMV)

Wyman, Raymond

1979-01-01

457

[Reactor safety and human failure].  

PubMed

Reactor safety is given by the reliable solution of 3 tasks: on-time shutdown, continuous decay-heat removal, safe containment. After describing the general strategy of their solution even under upset conditions the most important engineered safeguards of pressurized water reactors are summarized. The important problem of human failure is discussed in some more detail. For the example Harrisburg some difficulties, but also some technical countermeasures are illustrated. PMID:537639

Smidt, D

1979-12-01

458

Comparing safety analysis techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

In process industry Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) and Emergency Shutdown Systems (ESD) are very important for the management\\/reduction of risk. In new standards (e.g. Ref. [1]) on functional safety of electrical\\/electronic\\/programmable electronic safety-related systems a quantification of the achieved safety is often required. These new standards do not prescribe how to calculate the achieved safety. Only guidelines and recommendations are

J. L Rouvroye; E. G van den Bliek

2002-01-01

459

Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility Appendix A: Safety Requirements  

SciTech Connect

These rules apply to all LLNL employees, non-LLNL employees (including contract labor, supplemental labor, vendors, personnel matrixed/assigned from other National Laboratories, participating guests, visitors and students) and construction contractors/subcontractors. The General Safety and Health rules shall be used by management to promote accident prevention through indoctrination, safety and health training and on-the-job application. As a condition for contracts award, all contractors and subcontractors and their employees must certify on Form S & H A-1 that they have read and understand, or have been briefed and understand, the National Ignition Facility OCIP Project General Safety Rules.

Cerruti, S.J.

1997-01-14

460

General Climatology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Publication of the fourth edition of the textbook General Climatology by H.J. Critchfield is in itself a convincing indicator of both the urgency of the problem and the high value of the book. A reader who wants to get acquainted with climatology will find here useful information on climate-forming factors and observational techniques (part 1) and on the observed features of the global climate (part 2), as well as ways to use the information on climate to control natural resources, in agriculture, medicine, construction, etc. For this edition the author has added new material (for instance, data on the climate of oceans), but he has failed to bring the contents into line with the current state of the science in this field.The book, originally published long ago, contains information mainly on classical (chiefly, descriptive) climatology. However, during the last 2 decades climatology has changed beyond recognition: Some experts even speak about revolution in climatology. Important changes have been connected first of all with intensive and successful development of climate theory, which has led to the transformation of climatology from a descriptive to a physico-mathematical science. The idea of the “atmosphere-ocean-continents-cryosphere-biosphere” climatic system has emphasized the interdisciplinary character of the climate problem, the solution of which should draw on geography, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, and some other sciences. The use of satellite observations has performed the real revolution in climatology. The solution of the global-scale climate problem can now be based on the use of information (mainly data on cloud cover and the earth's radiation budget) that for the first time covers the entire planet.

Kondratyev, K. Ya.

1984-04-01

461

TWRS safety program plan  

SciTech Connect

Management of Nuclear Safety, Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, and Fire Protection programs, functions, and field support resources for Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS) has, until recently, been centralized in TWRS Safety, under the Emergency, Safety, and Quality organization. Industrial hygiene technician services were also provided to support operational needs related to safety basis compliance. Due to WHC decentralization of safety and reengineering efforts in West Tank Farms, staffing and safety responsibilities have been transferred to the facilities. Under the new structure, safety personnel for TWRS are assigned directly to East Tank Farms, West Tank Farms, and a core Safety Group in TWRS Engineering. The Characterization Project Operations (CPO) safety organization will remain in tact as it currently exists. Personnel assigned to East Tank Farms, West Tank Farms, and CPO will perform facility-specific or project-specific duties and provide field implementation of programs. Those assigned to the core group will focus on activities having a TWRS-wide or programmatic focus. Hanford-wide activities will be the responsibility of the Safety Center of Expertise. In order to ensure an effective and consistent safety program for TWRS under the new organization program functions, goals, organizational structure, roles, responsibilities, and path forward must be clearly established. The purpose of the TWRS Safety Program Plan is to define the overall safety program, responsibilities, relationships, and communication linkages for safety personnel under the new structure. In addition, issues associated with reorganization transition are addressed, including training, project ownership, records management, and dissemination of equipment. For the purpose of this document ``TWRS Safety`` refers to all safety professionals and technicians (Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, Fire Protection, and Nuclear Safety) within the TWRS organization, regardless of their location in the organization.

Calderon, L.M., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-08-01

462

The nature of safety culture: a review of theory and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the literature on safety culture and safety climate. The main emphasis is on applied research customary in the social psychological or organisational psychological traditions. Although safety culture and climate are generally acknowledged to be important concepts, not much consensus has been reached on the cause, the content and the consequences of safety culture and climate in the

F. W. Guldenmund

2000-01-01

463

Safety. Unit 8: A Core Curriculum of Related Instruction for Apprentices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The safety education unit is presented to assist apprentices to acquire a general knowledge of procedures for insuring safety on the job. The unit consists of 10 modules: (1) the Occupational Safety and Health Act: safety and health bill of rights for workers; (2) accident prevention; (3) first aid; (4) accident reports; importance, use, and how…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Occupational and Career Curriculum Development.

464

Chemical process safety at fuel cycle facilities  

SciTech Connect

This NUREG provides broad guidance on chemical safety issues relevant to fuel cycle facilities. It describes an approach acceptable to the NRC staff, with examples that are not exhaustive, for addressing chemical process safety in the safe storage, handling, and processing of licensed nuclear material. It expounds to license holders and applicants a general philosophy of the role of chemical process safety with respect to NRC-licensed materials; sets forth the basic information needed to properly evaluate chemical process safety; and describes plausible methods of identifying and evaluating chemical hazards and assessing the adequacy of the chemical safety of the proposed equipment and facilities. Examples of equipment and methods commonly used to prevent and/or mitigate the consequences of chemical incidents are discussed in this document.

Ayres, D.A.

1997-08-01

465

Basic Considerations on Defining Safety Goals  

SciTech Connect

A study on considerations and strategies for developing safety goals applicable to all nuclear facilities is presented. A scheme of basic safety goals and subsidiary safety goals is assumed, and quantitative basic safety goals for radiation protection of individuals in the vicinity of nuclear facilities are discussed. The risk limit rules are based on comparative risk factors for various health effects, including annual dose, health detriments, acute fatality, latent cancers, and severe hereditary effects. The comparative factor of 1% is used for nonfatal health detriments and 0.1% for fatal effects. A risk limit profile is generated from the risk factors, biological effects, and statistics of injury and mortality rates from general causes. The approaches have potential for developing integrated and comprehensive safety goals.

Hakata, Tadakuni [Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan (Japan)

2003-06-15

466

Good housekeeping: Safety and order in the scientific laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory safety might not seem, at first, to be very profoundly related to scientific knowledge. Of course safety is a relatively trivial issue in many scientific settings, especially in comparison to the kind of safety concerns found, say, at a construction site or a chemical plant. However, as scientific work has come to involve more exotic chemicals, biological organisms, and forms of radiation, and generally become more industrial in character, safety has become more of a concern. This has occurred alongside a general expansion of government regulation of workplace safety during the 20thc entury, and a recent trend toward extending work lace safety efforts to new kinds of work, including administrative and professional tasks. As a result of these trends, scientists find that they are increasingly being held responsible for following safety regulations in their re{approx}earc

Sims, B. H. (Benjamin H.)

2002-01-01

467

Modeling and safety test of safety-critical software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety is an important character of safety-critical software system. In order to validate the safety of safety-critical software system, people will use the method of testing. The key factor of the method is to model the system safety requirements and interaction constraints among components. This paper addresses a new approach to model the safety requirements by safety behavior model and

Gang Yu; Zhong wei Xu; Jing Xiong

2010-01-01

468

Criticality safety basics, a study guide  

SciTech Connect

This document is a self-study and classroom guide, for criticality safety of activities with fissile materials outside nuclear reactors. This guide provides a basic overview of criticality safety and criticality accident prevention methods divided into three parts: theory, application, and history. Except for topic emphasis, theory and history information is general, while application information is specific to the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). Information presented here should be useful to personnel who must know criticality safety basics to perform their assignments safely or to design critically safe equipment or operations. However, the guide's primary target audience is fissile material handler candidates.

V. L. Putman

1999-09-01

469

Primary battery design and safety guidelines handbook  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This handbook provides engineers and safety personnel with guidelines for the safe design or selection and use of primary batteries in spaceflight programs. Types of primary batteries described are silver oxide zinc alkaline, carbon-zinc, zinc-air alkaline, manganese dioxide-zionc alkaline, mercuric oxide-zinc alkaline, and lithium anode cells. Along with typical applications, the discussions of the individual battery types include electrochemistry, construction, capacities and configurations, and appropriate safety measures. A chapter on general battery safety covers hazard sources and controls applicable to all battery types. Guidelines are given for qualification and acceptance testing that should precede space applications. Permissible failure levels for NASA applications are discussed.

Bragg, Bobby J.; Casey, John E.; Trout, J. Barry

1994-12-01

470

UC-San Diego Laboratory Safety Videos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California-San Diego has gone above and beyond with this marvelous collection of laboratory safety videos. Designed for use in academic settings, these short and informative videos provide a wealth of information. Currently there are twelve videos on the site and they include "Flash Chromatography 101," "Basic Fume Hood Air Flow and Operation," and "How to Handle Pyrophoric Reagents." One of the more fun videos here is "The Periodic Table of Videos," which offers a brief video on each of the elements. Visitors should also note that the site includes helpful information about general lab safety and chemical safety training.

2012-01-01

471

Operation Cornerstone onsite radiological safety report for announced nuclear tests, October 1988--September 1989  

SciTech Connect

Cornerstone was the name assigned to the series of underground nuclear experiments conducted at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) from October 1, 1988, through September 30, 1989. This report includes those experiments publicly announced. Remote radiation measurements were taken during and after each nuclear experiment by a telemetry system. Radiation Protection Technicians (RPT) with portable radiation detection instruments surveyed reentry routes into ground zeros (GZ) before other planned entries were made. Continuous surveillance was provided while personnel were in radiation areas and appropriate precautions were taken to protect persons from unnecessary exposure to radiation and toxic gases. Protective clothing and equipment were issued as needed. Complete radiological safety and industrial hygiene coverage were provided during drilling and mineback operations. Telemetered and portable radiation detector measurements are listed. Detection instrumentation used is described and specific operational procedures are defined.

Not Available

1990-08-01

472

FDA Drug Safety Communication: Ongoing safety review of ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... FDA Drug Safety Communication: Ongoing safety review of the angiotensin receptor blockers and cancer. Safety Announcement. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

473

Mobile phone radiation health risk controversy: the reliability and sufficiency of science behind the safety standards  

PubMed Central

There is ongoing discussion whether the mobile phone radiation causes any health effects. The International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, the International Committee on Electromagnetic Safety and the World Health Organization are assuring that there is no proven health risk and that the present safety limits protect all mobile phone users. However, based on the available scientific evidence, the situation is not as clear. The majority of the evidence comes from in vitro laboratory studies and is of very limited use for determining health risk. Animal toxicology studies are inadequate because it is not possible to "overdose" microwave radiation, as it is done with chemical agents, due to simultaneous induction of heating side-effects. There is a lack of human volunteer studies that would, in unbiased way, demonstrate whether human body responds at all to mobile phone radiation. Finally, the epidemiological evidence is insufficient due to, among others, selection and misclassification bias and the low sensitivity of this approach in detection of health risk within the population. This indicates that the presently available scientific evidence is insufficient to prove reliability of the current safety standards. Therefore, we recommend to use precaution when dealing with mobile phones and, whenever possible and feasible, to limit body exposure to this radiation. Continuation of the research on mobile phone radiation effects is needed in order to improve the basis and the reliability of the safety standards.

2010-01-01

474

Safety culture enhancement and safety leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a methodology tried in field studies at three nuclear sites in a proactive step by the regulator to encourage the interest of safety culture within the industry. One objective of this project was to stimulate action by senior managers of nuclear facilities to review and enhance their safety practices and culture. The second objective was to prepare

Lars Axelsson; Brent Hayward; Andrew Lowe

2007-01-01

475

Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility, Appendix A  

SciTech Connect

Topics covered in this appendix include: General Rules-Code of Safe Practices; 2. Personal Protective Equipment; Hazardous Material Control; Traffic Control; Fire Prevention; Sanitation and First Aid; Confined Space Safety Requirements; Ladders and Stairways; Scaffolding and Lift Safety; Machinery, Vehicles, and Heavy Equipment; Welding and Cutting-General; Arc Welding; Oxygen/Acetylene Welding and Cutting; Excavation, Trenching, and Shoring; Fall Protection; Steel Erection; Working With Asbestos; Radiation Safety; Hand Tools; Electrical Safety; Nonelectrical Work Performed Near Exposed High-Voltage Power-Distribution Equipment; Lockout/Tagout Requirements; Rigging; A-Cranes; Housekeeping; Material Handling and Storage; Lead; Concrete and Masonry Construction.

Cerruti, S.J.

1997-06-26

476

2009 Safety and Availability Communications  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Pandemics; Blood Safety & Availability; Tissue Safety & Availability; Vaccine Safety & Availability; HIV Home Test Kits. ? -. Resources for You. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability

477

Accrediting industrial safety training programs  

SciTech Connect

There are job-specific training requirements established by regulations that Impose stringent training requirements on a contractor, for example, the Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA). Failure to comply with OSHA training requirements can result in severe penalties being levied against a company. Although an accredited training program is expensive, it is a possible solution for minimizing risks associated with job-specific training requirements for employees. Operating DOE contractors direct approximately 10 percent of the operating funds toward training activities. Training needs for contractors span a broad range, from requirements awareness training for managers, to general training required on a one-time basis for all employees, to highly specialized training programs for employees involved In clean-up operations at hazardous waste sites. With this kind of an investment in training, it is logical to maximize the most return on an investment of training funds and to limit exposure to liability suits whenever possible. This presentation will provide an overview of accredited industrial safety programs. The criteria for accredited industrial safety programs will be defined. The question of whether accredited training programs are necessary will be examined. Finally, advantages and disadvantages will be identified for accrediting industrial safety training programs.

Beitel, L.

1992-12-31

478

Accrediting industrial safety training programs  

SciTech Connect

There are job-specific training requirements established by regulations that Impose stringent training requirements on a contractor, for example, the Occupational Safety Health Act (OSHA). Failure to comply with OSHA training requirements can result in severe penalties being levied against a company. Although an accredited training program is expensive, it is a possible solution for minimizing risks associated with job-specific training requirements for employees. Operating DOE contractors direct approximately 10 percent of the operating funds toward training activities. Training needs for contractors span a broad range, from requirements awareness training for managers, to general training required on a one-time basis for all employees, to highly specialized training programs for employees involved In clean-up operations at hazardous waste sites. With this kind of an investment in training, it is logical to maximize the most return on an investment of training funds and to limit exposure to liability suits whenever possible. This presentation will provide an overview of accredited industrial safety programs. The criteria for accredited industrial safety programs will be defined. The question of whether accredited training programs are necessary will be examined. Finally, advantages and disadvantages will be identified for accrediting industrial safety training programs.

Beitel, L.

1992-01-01

479

Pharmacovigilance and communicating safety information.  

PubMed

Safe and effective prescribing can only happen when the prescriber has sufficient current knowledge of the potential harms and likely benefits of the drug. When a new drug is first marketed, knowledge about its adverse effects profile is limited to what has been learned from its use in a relatively small number of people (who may be unrepresentative of the general population) for a limited amount of time in preclinical and clinical trials.(1) Rare, but serious unwanted effects may emerge only after a drug is marketed, sometimes years later.(1) It is therefore crucial to continue monitoring the safety of drugs after marketing and that healthcare professionals have access to timely communication about any safety concerns. The activity of monitoring the safety of medicines in clinical use and taking appropriate action to minimise risk is known as pharmacovigilance, and is governed by a range of complex UK and European regulations.(2) Background information relating to drug safety issues and pharmacovigilance decisions are not always easy to find. Here we explain the pharmacovigilance process and how new information on adverse effects is communicated to healthcare professionals. PMID:23241564

2012-12-01

480

Medical Oxygen Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Medical Oxygen Medical Safety Post “No Smoking” “No Open Flames” in and outside the home to remind people not to smoke. Your Source for SAFETY Information NFPA Public Education Division | www. ...

481

Aristolochic Acid: Safety Alert  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Section Contents Menu. Recalls, Outbreaks & Emergencies. Safety Alerts & Advisories. -. Aristolochic Acid: Safety Alert. FDA ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recalls,%20outbreaks%20&%20emergencies/safetyalertsadvisories

482

Drug Safety and Availability  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Class; Medication Errors; FDA Drug Safety Newsletter; Drug Safety Podcasts; ... Recall Information on Twitter Exit Disclaimer; Mobile App for Recalls; ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety

483

Produce Safety Action Plan  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... FDA's 2004 Produce Safety Action Plan is designed to target microbial food safety hazards (such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites) in or on ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants/buystoreservesafefood

484

Security vs. Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides administrative advice on how some safety experts have made college campuses safer and friendlier without breaking the budget. Tips on security and advice on safety management that encompasses the whole environment are highlighted. (GR)

Sturgeon, Julie

1999-01-01

485

Practice Hospital Bed Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Hospital Bed Fires [ARCHIVED] A Guide to Bed Safety Bed Rails in Hospitals, Nursing Homes and Home Health Care: The Facts (PDF Version) (PDF - 65KB) MedWatch: The FDA Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program - Page Last ...

486

Transcript: Drug Safety Communications  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Drugs. ... Division of Drug Information tweets every single Drug Safety Communication. ... you have questions about Drug Safety Communications, call ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/healthprofessionals

487

Workplace Safety and Health  

MedlinePLUS

... workers in America. Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA administers the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act. ... conditions in most private industries are regulated by OSHA or OSHA-approved state systems. Nearly every employee ...

488

GARDASIL: Safety Alert  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. DRAFT -- intended only to illustrate a discussion of format GARDASIL: Safety Alert ... MERIDIA: Early Safety Alert ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

489

Transportation Safety Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This subscription offers publications containing safety recommendations in aviation, highway, marine, pipeline and railroad modes of transportation adopted by the National Transportation Safety Board for each month of the year 1982.

1982-01-01

490

Blood Safety & Availability  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Safety of Albumin Administration in Critically Ill Patients [ARCHIVED]; Public Workshop: Safety of Hemoglobin-Based Oxygen Carriers (HBOCs ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/bloodsafety

491

Drug Safety Information  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Postmarket Drug Safety Information for Patients and Providers; Index to Drug-Specific Information Drug safety and side effects; includes drugs with ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/healthprofessionals

492

Microbiological Safety Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

More than a thousand articles on biological safety in infectious disease laboratories are listed for the use of supervisors responsible for the safety of laboratory personnel. An author index is included. (Author)

G. B. Phillips J. V. Jemski

1965-01-01

493

National Patient Safety Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... by @theNPSF Like Us on Facebook Copyright © 2013 National Patient Safety Foundation. All Rights Reserved. The National Patient Safety Foundation has been pursuing one mission since its founding ...

494

Gardasil Vaccine Safety  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... vaccine. FDA and CDC continue to monitor the safety of this vaccine, with the public's health and safety our top priority. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/vaccinesafety

495

Overview of ITER safety  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an overview of safety in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project midway through the Engineering Design Activities (EDA). We describe the safety strategy and approach used by the project. Then, we present project radiological release limits with the methodology used to determine if these release limits are met. We review the major safety functions and their implementation for ITER, previous results, and plans for upcoming safety and environmental analyses. 16 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Petti, D.A. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Piet, S.J. [ITER San Diego Joint Work Site, La Jolla, CA (United States)

1996-12-31

496

Safety analysts training  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this task was to support ESH-3 in providing Airborne Release Fraction and Respirable Fraction training to safety analysts at LANL who perform accident analysis, hazard analysis, safety analysis, and/or risk assessments at nuclear facilities. The task included preparation of materials for and the conduct of two 3-day training courses covering the following topics: safety analysis process; calculation model; aerosol physic concepts for safety analysis; and overview of empirically derived airborne release fractions and respirable fractions.

Bolton, P.

2000-10-01

497

DOE handbook electrical safety  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

NONE

1998-01-01

498

Happy Safety Habits  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We will be learning about certain safety habits and how knowing and doing these safety habits can make us happy. Introduction: Learning about different types of safety is important, because it keeps us safe and protected from dangers. Throught this webquest you will see waht safety habits you should use to keep yourself and family protected. Task: You will be asked to come up with a real life situation/story where you ...

Andersen, Miss

2009-03-27

499

Generic safety documentation model  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended to be a resource for preparers of safety documentation for Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico facilities. It provides standardized discussions of some topics that are generic to most, if not all, Sandia/NM facilities safety documents. The material provides a ``core`` upon which to develop facility-specific safety documentation. The use of the information in this document will reduce the cost of safety document preparation and improve consistency of information.

Mahn, J.A.

1994-04-01

500

Agriscience Shop Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After completing this project, you should be able to pass the Shop Safety Test, allowing you to participate in the Agriscience Shop. Before you are allowed into the shop, you are required to pass a Shop Safety Test. The tools that follow will help you prepare for the test. Use the Shop Safety Chart that Mr. Creel gave you in class to take notes on important safety rules. OSHA is the "governmental ...

Creel, Mr.

2011-11-02