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1

Safety Precautions for Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safety information is discussed and outlined in this guide. Areas include: (1) general laboratory safety rules; (2) general rules and guidelines for animals in the elementary classroom; (3) general guidelines for the physical sciences; (4) general rules for using animals in investigations, with specifics on the care and handling of mammals,…

Folks, John; And Others

2

Safety Precautions in Fiber Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses the potential hazards of working with fibers, dyes, and wax in textile art projects: bacteria, dust, poisons, allergies, and fumes. Safety precautions for working with dyes are listed. This article is one of seven in this issue on fiber arts. (SJL)

Hamilton, Marcia

1979-01-01

3

Safety Precautions for Total Release Foggers  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Take Other Common-Sense Precautions For More Information Videos Vacate the treated residence after application Do not ... Do not use more foggers than necessary - Watch Video Exit Accidents involving total release foggers have occasionally ...

4

48 CFR 223.370 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Safety precautions for ammunition and...RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE ...Material Identification and Material Safety Data 223.370 Safety...

2010-10-01

5

Knowledge and practices about hospital waste disposal and universal safety precautions in class IV employee.  

PubMed

Norms and guidelines are formed for safe disposal of hospital waste but question is whether these guidelines are being followed and if so, to what extent. Hence, this study was conducted with objective to study the knowledge and practices about hospital waste disposal and universal safety precautions in class IV employee and to study its relationship with education, occupation and training. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a teaching hospital in Mumbai using semi-structured questionnaire in which Class IV employee were included. Questionnaire was filled by face to face interview. Data were analyzed using SPSS. 48.7% Class IV employee were not trained. More than 40% were following correct practices about disinfection of infectious waste. None of the respondents were using protective footwear while handling hospital waste. Only 25.5% were vaccinated for hepatitis B. 16% had done HIV testing due to contact with blood, body fluid, needle stick injury. Knowledge and practices about hospital waste disposal and universal precaution were statistically significant in trained respondents. Training of employees should be given top priority; those already in service should be given on the job training at the earliest. PMID:25141555

Megha, Khobragade; Daksha, Pandit

2013-01-01

6

Thyroid cancer: radiation safety precautions in (131)i therapy based on actual biokinetic measurements.  

PubMed

Purpose To formulate radiation precautions for patients with thyroid cancer who are undergoing thyroid hormone withdrawal-induced hypothyroidism and iodine 131 ((131)I) therapy through actual biokinetic measurements. Materials and Methods Informed consent and institutional review board approval were obtained. From October 2008 to December 2011, consecutive patients with differentiated thyroid cancer who had been prepared for (131)I ablation treatment or (131)I treatment for metastatic disease during follow-up were prospectively recruited. Calculations based on deduced whole-body retention and measured iodine biokinetics in thyroidal tissue were derived to determine the thyroidal and extrathyroidal compartment uptake fractions and effective half-lives. Precaution times necessary to avoid close contact with family members and the general public were derived from these parameters and regulatory dose limits. Results Seventy-seven patients (36 with ablation treatments, 41 with follow-up treatments) were eligible for the analysis. Actual dose rates from patients after therapeutic (131)I administration were greatly lower than those described in the American Thyroid Association (ATA) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) models: The mean initial dose rate at 0.3 m for patients with ablation treatment was only 28% (0.183/0.655 µSv/h/MBq) ± 2.9 (standard deviation) (range, 12.1%-38.3%) and 36% (0.183/0.511 µSv/h/MBq) ± 3.7 (range, 15.5%-49.1%) of that described in the NRC and ATA models, respectively; the equivalent values for patients with follow-up treatment were only 30% (0.195/0.655 µSv/h/MBq) ± 3.5 (range, 12.5%-45.3%) and 38% (0.195/0.511 µSv/h/MBq) ± 4.5 (range, 16.0%-58.1%), respectively. The actual mean effective (131)I half-life in the thyroid remnant tissue was greatly lower than that described in the ATA and NRC models: 47.6 versus 175.2 hours. Conclusion On the basis of the current dose limits, typically administered activities of 3.7 GBq to a patient with ablation treatment or 7.4 GBq to a patient with follow-up treatment required 3 days of sleeping apart for keeping the doses to pregnant women and children below 1 mSv. No precautions were required for non-cosleeping nonpregnant adult family members. © RSNA, 2014. PMID:24895877

Liu, Bin; Peng, Weiai; Huang, Rui; Tian, Rong; Zeng, Yu; Kuang, Anren

2014-10-01

7

A generalized algorithm for determining the time of release and the duration of post-release radiation precautions following radionuclide therapy.  

PubMed

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has recently amended its regulation concerning patients who have received therapeutic amounts of radioactivity. The amended regulation allows patient release based on a total effective dose equivalent (TEDE) limit of 5 mSv (500 mrem) instead of the activity administered or retained [1,110 MBq (30 mCi)] or the dose rate [0.05 mSv h(-1) (5 mrem h(-1)) at 1 m]. Record-keeping and written post-release radiation safety precautions are required, however. A general algorithm, combining patient-specific kinetics and dose rate measurements, has been developed to systematically determine the actual duration of post-release radiation precautions as well as the time of release post-treatment. This algorithm is based on the maximum permissible effective dose equivalents (MPEDEs) of the respective cohorts exposed, 5 mSv (500 mrem) to non-pregnant adult family members and 1 mSv (100 mrem) to pregnant women, children, and members of the general public. Operational equations to determine the times post-radionuclide treatment of release from medical confinement, of not working, of avoiding pregnant women and children, of limiting holding of children, and of sleeping partners not sleeping together have been derived and illustrated with a hypothetical example. TEDE-based release criteria should be less restrictive than the previous activity-based or dose rate-based release criteria. However, post-release radiation precautions may be more intrusive and longer in duration than those to which most practitioners have grown accustomed. Up to now, however, the duration (typically 1-2 d) of advised post-release precautions had not been rigorously derived from MPEDEs and were generally inappropriately short. Even so, dose-based release criteria should prove more cost-effective overall than hospitalization of patients commonly imposed by activity-based and dose rate-based release criteria. PMID:10832924

Zanzonico, P B; Siegel, J A; St Germain, J

2000-06-01

8

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always General site safety  

E-print Network

.400 Electrical cords Links: Occupational Health and Safety Administration www.osha.gov #12;Safety First Safety Last Safety Always General site safety During the course of construction fall to eliminate the hazard of impalement. Electrical cords Check your cords every day to make sure

Minnesota, University of

9

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL May 10, 2002 #12;i Acknowledgements Environmental Health and Safety gratefully acknowledges the assistance provided by the University Safety Council extremely helpful. #12;ii Environmental Health and Safety General Safety Manual Table of Contents Section

Maroncelli, Mark

10

[Baclofen and liver cirrhosis: literature review and safety precautions implemented within the system CAMTEA].  

PubMed

The off-label prescribing of high dose baclofen (HDB) has been recently spreading in France. The impact of HDB on subjects with liver cirrhosis remains poorly known. The main pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic data on baclofen result from studies on healthy subjects or using low doses of treatment. The specific biodisponibility and elimination of HDB have not been studied yet in cirrhosis. National pharmacovigilance reports suggest that a careful use of baclofen or even HDB could be possible in compensated cirrhosis. However, theoretical risks of baclofen overdose exist in cases of hepatorenal syndrome or portosystemic shunt. Baclofen could also induce a specific pharmacological potentiation of hepatic encephalopathy and gastropathy. Within CAMTEA, a regional team-based multidisciplinary system for delivering and monitoring off-label medications in alcohol use disorders, a set of predefined precautions for using baclofen in cirrhosis have been implemented, until further information becomes available. These precautions notably consist of a protocolized process for declaring adverse events, and a hepatologic follow-up associated with the usual multidisciplinary care system set up within CAMTEA. PMID:24926632

Rolland, Benjamin; Deheul, Sylvie; Louvet, Alexandre; Gautier, Sophie; Cottencin, Olivier; Bordet, Régis

2014-01-01

11

48 CFR 223.370 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Hazardous Material Identification and Material Safety Data...

2012-10-01

12

48 CFR 223.370 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Hazardous Material Identification and Material Safety Data...

2013-10-01

13

48 CFR 223.370 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Hazardous Material Identification and Material Safety Data...

2011-10-01

14

Top 10 Tips for Earthquake Safety A little knowledge and some simple precautions can help you survive when the Big One  

E-print Network

Top 10 Tips for Earthquake Safety A little knowledge and some simple precautions can help you survive when the Big One strikes. Use these tips to prepare yourself for an earthquake on campus the Earthquake: 1. Be prepared to act. Know how to act so your response is automatic. Identify safe places

Rose, Michael R.

15

Laboratory Safety General Safety Rules  

E-print Network

and proper use of emergency showers, fire extinguishers, and eye wash stations. · Avoid inhaling chemical items into the laboratory. · Do not leave experiments in progress unattended without authorization persons working with chemicals that could be splashed in the eyes are required to wear safety goggles

Campbell, A. Malcolm

16

30 CFR 75.1903 - Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction and safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction...SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Diesel-Powered Equipment § 75.1903 Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas;...

2013-07-01

17

30 CFR 75.1903 - Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction and safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction...SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Diesel-Powered Equipment § 75.1903 Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas;...

2012-07-01

18

30 CFR 75.1903 - Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction and safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction...SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Diesel-Powered Equipment § 75.1903 Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas;...

2010-07-01

19

30 CFR 75.1903 - Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction and safety precautions.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction...SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Diesel-Powered Equipment § 75.1903 Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas;...

2014-07-01

20

30 CFR 75.1903 - Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction and safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas; construction...SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Diesel-Powered Equipment § 75.1903 Underground diesel fuel storage facilities and areas;...

2011-07-01

21

H. Helmers April 2014 Safety precautions for the work in the laboratories of the  

E-print Network

and electric lines are to be laid in such a way that they will not be a source of danger. 12) Hazardous during work involving special hazards to eyes and hands. Safety glasses, protective gloves, and clothing

Peinke, Joachim

22

APPENDIX 6 -WADHAM COLLEGE HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL POLICY STATEMENT At Wadham College we recognise our duties under health and safety legislation and associated  

E-print Network

APPENDIX 6 - WADHAM COLLEGE HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL POLICY STATEMENT At Wadham College we recognise our duties under health and safety legislation and associated regulations. Our intention precautions, to ensure the safety, health and welfare of anyone likely to be affected by the operation of our

Wallace, Mark

23

Machine Shop Safety Tips & Safety Guidelines GENERAL SAFETY TIPS  

E-print Network

Machine Shop Safety Tips & Safety Guidelines GENERAL SAFETY TIPS · Safety glasses with side shields distance away from moving machine parts, work pieces, and cutters. · Use hand tools for their designed to oil, clean, adjust, or repair any machine while it is running. Stop the machine and lock the power

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

24

[Isolation precautions--transmission-based precautions].  

PubMed

There are two tiers of precautions to prevent transmission of infectious agents, standard precautions and transmission-based precautions. Standard precautions are intended to be applied to the care of all patients in all healthcare settings, regardless of the suspected or confirmed presence of an infectious agent. Transmission-based precautions are for patients who are known or suspected to be infected or colonized with infectious agents, which require additional control measures to effectively prevent transmission. Transmission-based precautions are used empirically, according to the likely etiologic agents at the time, and then modified when the pathogen is identified or a transmissible infectious etiology is ruled out. Implementation of preventive measures should be based on infection control risk assessment. PMID:22413534

Morisawa, Yuji

2012-02-01

25

30 CFR 57.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Extraneous Electricity-Surface and Underground § 57.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical...

2013-07-01

26

USER MANUAL IMPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  

E-print Network

alternating current line plug (a plug having one blade wider than the other). This plug will fit into the outlet, try reversing the plug. If the plug should still fail to fit, contact your electrician to replace. Avoid getting water inside the appliance. 12. Non-use Periods - The power cord of the appliance should

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

27

UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

2013 UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS INTRODUCTION: Human or non-human primate primary cells, cell lines or engineered sharps Use HEPA filtered vacuum lines Work Practice Controls Post biohazard universal Protective Equipment (PPE) Wear appropriate street clothing - long pants and closed toed shoes Wear lab

Kay, Mark A.

28

Department of Materials Safety in Laboratories  

E-print Network

assistance in every first aid box #12;3 General Precautions Conduct and Basic Precautions Never run or fool should be immediately reported to the Departmental Safety Officer. Food and drink must never be stored. For example, do not store strong oxidising agents (nitric acid, perchloric acid, chromic oxide, etc.) in close

Paxton, Anthony T.

29

Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General  

E-print Network

1 Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General Provincial Emergency Program PERSONAL __________ Alternate mobility cues in each room __________ Label emergency supplies with Braille, large print vision, place security lights in each room, to light paths of travel. These lights plug into electrical

Schulte, Oliver

30

Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General  

E-print Network

and emergency health information card. · Agree and practice a communications system regarding how to contact Card · An emergency health information card communicates to rescuers what they need to know about you1 Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General Provincial Emergency Program PERSONAL

Schulte, Oliver

31

Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General  

E-print Network

1 Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General Provincial Emergency Program PERSONAL/scooter consider having an extra battery available. A car battery can be substituted for a wheelchair battery in the event of loss of electricity. · If you do not have puncture proof tires, keep a patch kit or can

Schulte, Oliver

32

Toolbox Safety Talk Safety Precautions for  

E-print Network

on laboratory fume hoods or exhaust components. There is an additional concern for the presence of asbestos asbestos must be properly removed and disposed of by a licensed asbestos removal contractor. . Check

Pawlowski, Wojtek

33

46 CFR 183.220 - General safety provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false General safety provisions. 183.220 ...VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION General Requirements § 183.220 General safety provisions. (a) Electrical equipment and...

2012-10-01

34

46 CFR 183.220 - General safety provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false General safety provisions. 183.220 ...VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION General Requirements § 183.220 General safety provisions. (a) Electrical equipment and...

2013-10-01

35

46 CFR 183.220 - General safety provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false General safety provisions. 183.220 ...VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION General Requirements § 183.220 General safety provisions. (a) Electrical equipment and...

2011-10-01

36

46 CFR 183.220 - General safety provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false General safety provisions. 183.220 ...VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION General Requirements § 183.220 General safety provisions. (a) Electrical equipment and...

2010-10-01

37

Generalized implementation of software safety policies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of a research program in the engineering of software for safety-critical systems, we are performing two case studies. The first case study, which is well underway, is a safety-critical medical application. The second, which is just starting, is a digital control system for a nuclear research reactor. Our goal is to use these case studies to permit us to obtain a better understanding of the issues facing developers of safety-critical systems, and to provide a vehicle for the assessment of research ideas. The case studies are not based on the analysis of existing software development by others. Instead, we are attempting to create software for new and novel systems in a process that ultimately will involve all phases of the software lifecycle. In this abstract, we summarize our results to date in a small part of this project, namely the determination and classification of policies related to software safety that must be enforced to ensure safe operation. We hypothesize that this classification will permit a general approach to the implementation of a policy enforcement mechanism.

Knight, John C.; Wika, Kevin G.

1994-01-01

38

45 CFR 17.3 - Precautions to be taken.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to be taken. 17.3 Section 17.3 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.3 Precautions to be taken. The issuing organization shall...

2010-10-01

39

45 CFR 17.3 - Precautions to be taken.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...to be taken. 17.3 Section 17.3 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.3 Precautions to be taken. The issuing organization shall...

2013-10-01

40

45 CFR 17.3 - Precautions to be taken.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...to be taken. 17.3 Section 17.3 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.3 Precautions to be taken. The issuing organization shall...

2011-10-01

41

45 CFR 17.3 - Precautions to be taken.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...to be taken. 17.3 Section 17.3 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF ADVERSE INFORMATION TO NEWS MEDIA § 17.3 Precautions to be taken. The issuing organization shall...

2012-10-01

42

29 CFR 1926.20 - General safety and health provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false General safety and health provisions. 1926...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR...

2013-07-01

43

29 CFR 1926.20 - General safety and health provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false General safety and health provisions. 1926...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR...

2011-07-01

44

29 CFR 1926.20 - General safety and health provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false General safety and health provisions. 1926...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR...

2012-07-01

45

Precaution and Solar Radiation Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solar radiation management is a form of geoengineering that involves the intentional manipulation of solar radiation with the aim of reducing global average temperature. This paper explores what precaution implies about the status of solar radiation management. It is argued that any form of solar radiation management that poses threats of catastrophe cannot constitute an appropriate precautionary measure against another

Lauren Hartzell-Nichols

2012-01-01

46

5Health and Safety Policy General OutlineStatement of Responsibilities for Health and Safety  

E-print Network

5Health and Safety Policy General OutlineStatement of Responsibilities for Health and Safety Every member of the University community has a responsibility to achieve good health and safety practice Statement (see p.4) which sets out the University's commitment to health and safety 2. as an identified set

Haase, Markus

47

General MRC Cleanroom Safety and Procedures Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research in the MRC cleanroom laboratories is conducted with hazardous materials. Consequently, all personnel working in this environment, must be equipped with thenecessary knowledge and training to maximize their safety as well as that of their colleagues. This booklet serves as an essential, required component in achieving this objective. Together with existing emergency response, safety policies, and individual labsafety plans this document serves to establish the protocol and procedures that will befollowed on a day to day basis.

2011-02-11

48

Ribavirin: the need for exposure precautions.  

PubMed

Ribavirin is used in the treatment of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in high-risk patients, including patients who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, to reduce mortality from RSV pneumonia. It is classified as a hazardous drug with potential for carcinogenicity and teratogenicity. Very few recent studies have examined the risk of exposure, and recommendations for exposure precautions are lacking. Administration should include the use of personal protective equipment and terminal cleaning of the patient room after each administration. This article examines ribavirin use among patients who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and have RSV-related pneumonia and explores safety considerations for staff. Nursing leaders on a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation unit addressed gaps in knowledge about ribavirin therapy, and completed a review of the hospital's ribavirin policy, which led to policy revisions, increased knowledge about the safe administration of ribavirin, and improvements in staff and patient education. PMID:25253120

Mooney, Kathy; Melvin, Mary; Douglas, Tracy

2014-10-01

49

Air Quality: Implementation Plan Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Implementation Plan Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 The requirements of Chapter 30, "Air in place 1 SLAC Environment, Safety, and Health Manual (SLAC-I-720-0A29Z-001), Chapter 30, "Air Quality

Wechsler, Risa H.

50

41 CFR 50-204.2 - General safety and health standards.  

...2014-07-01 false General safety and health standards. 50-204.2 Section 50-204...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 204-SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR FEDERAL SUPPLY CONTRACTS General Safety and Health Standards § 50-204.2 General...

2014-07-01

51

21 CFR 610.11a - Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2010-04-01 true Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. 610.11a Section...Provisions § 610.11a Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. For inactivated influenza vaccine, the general safety test shall...

2011-04-01

52

General safety profile of zolpidem: safety in elderly, overdose and rebound effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The different aspects of general safety of zolpidem are reviewed after analysing the safety data obtained in adults as well as in elderly patients. The low incidence of reported adverse events during the first three years of utilisation of zolpidem have corroborated the results of the clinical studies. The most frequent adverse effects are central nervous system (CNS) related but

H Allain; J Monti

1997-01-01

53

Public Safety Public Safety Center  

E-print Network

of people following you after you disembark or exit the bus, train, or an ATM machine. Keep your purse, bags and bring someone with you or visit a grocery store or gas station. Personal Safety Precautions Safety

54

Air Quality: Asbestos Notification Procedure Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Asbestos Notification Procedure Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air is mailed. Only work that does not involve asbestos containing material (ACM) may be performed. 1 SLAC://www.baaqmd.gov/enf/forms/1102_demolition_041306.pdf 3 Bay Area Air Quality Management Asbestos Renovation Notification Form

Wechsler, Risa H.

55

Optimizing Safety Stock Placement in General Network Supply Chains  

E-print Network

In the paper, we minimize the holding cost of the safety stock held in a supply chain modeled as a general network. By our assumption, the demand is bounded by a concave function. This fact allows us to formulate the problem ...

Graves, Stephen C.

56

Air Quality: Reporting Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Reporting Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 The air quality program manager requirements. This table summarizes all air quality program elements and reporting requirements. The NESHAPs

Wechsler, Risa H.

57

Air Quality: Acronym List Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Acronym List Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 ACM asbestos-containing material AHA area hazard analysis AQPM air quality program manager ARP accidental release prevention ATCM air toxic control

Wechsler, Risa H.

58

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section...CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2012-04-01

59

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section...RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2011-04-01

60

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section...CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2010-04-01

61

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section...RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2014-04-01

62

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section...CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2011-04-01

63

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section...RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2012-04-01

64

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section...RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2013-04-01

65

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section...CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2014-04-01

66

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section...CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2013-04-01

67

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section...RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. (a)...

2010-04-01

68

Patient safety culture measurement in general care: clinimetric properties of 'SCOPE'  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A supportive patient safety culture is considered to be an essential condition for improving patient safety. Assessing the current safety culture in general practice may be a first step to target improvements. To that end, we studied internal consistency and construct validity of a safety culture questionnaire for general practice (SCOPE) which was derived from a comparable questionnaire for

D. L. M. Zwart; M. Langelaan; R. C. van de Vooren; M. M. Kuyvenhoven; C. J. Kalkman; T. J. M. Verheij; C. Wagner

2011-01-01

69

Patient safety culture measurement in general practice. Clinimetric properties of 'SCOPE'  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A supportive patient safety culture is considered to be an essential condition for improving patient safety. Assessing the current safety culture in general practice may be a first step to target improvements. To that end, we studied internal consistency and construct validity of a safety culture questionnaire for general practice (SCOPE) which was derived from a comparable questionnaire for

D. L. M. Zwart; M. Langelaan; R. C. van der Vooren; M. M. Kuyvenhoven; C. J. Kalkman; Th. J. M. Verheij; C. Wagner

2011-01-01

70

10 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - General Statement of Safety Basis Policy  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false General Statement of Safety Basis Policy A Appendix A to Subpart B of...ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Safety Basis Requirements Pt. 830, Subpt. B, App...Part 830—General Statement of Safety Basis Policy A. Introduction This...

2010-01-01

71

LABORATORY SAFETY MANUAL (rev. February, 2014) General Laboratory Safety: Information, Policies and Procedures (MNI)  

E-print Network

and Safety Mission and Role of Safety Committees ....................... 3 Important Legislation ................................................................................ 15 Mercury arc lamps ........................................................................ 15

Shoubridge, Eric

72

Germany: ‘élite precaution’ alongside continued public opposition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Germany is the EU member state with the most difficult situation (besides Austria) for marketing genetically modified (GM) crops and food. At the same time, it shows the least administrative effort to respond to the reasons for this situation – public suspicion and protest. Regulators advocate specific precaution-related measures, including marketstage monitoring; these measures, however, do not relate to the

MarionBernhard Dreyer; Bernhard Gill

2000-01-01

73

Germany: 'élite precaution' alongside continued public opposition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Germany is the EU member state with the most difécult situation (besides Austria) for marketing genetically modiéed (GM) crops and food. At the same time, it shows the least administrative effort to respond to the reasons for this situation - public suspicion and protest. Regulators advocate speciéc precaution-related measures, including market- stage monitoring; these measures, however, do not relate to

MARION DREYER; BERNHARD GILL

2000-01-01

74

Compliance with handwashing and barrier precautions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compliance with handwashing and barrier precautions remains suboptimal in all health care settings and among all types of staff. Interventions to increase compliance include educational and motivational programmes, providing individual and group feedback on performance, modifying and improving equipment available, changing administrative policy and sanctions, and increasing staff commitment with role modelling. Single, isolated interventions are unlikely to meet with

E. Larson; E. K. Kretzer

1995-01-01

75

General User Safety Training The National High Magnetic Field  

E-print Network

: · Complying with occupational safety and health standards and regulations. · Developing. · Correcting safety and health hazards. · Informing workers of their occupational, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration gives you the following rights: ü Know

McQuade, D. Tyler

76

30 CFR 56.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Precautions during storms. 56.6604 Section 56.6604 Mineral...Electricity § 56.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical storm, blasting operations shall be...

2013-07-01

77

30 CFR 56.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

...2014-07-01 false Precautions during storms. 56.6604 Section 56.6604 Mineral...Electricity § 56.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical storm, blasting operations shall be...

2014-07-01

78

30 CFR 57.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

...2014-07-01 false Precautions during storms. 57.6604 Section 57.6604 Mineral...Underground § 57.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical storm— (a) Surface blasting...

2014-07-01

79

Bilateral Accidents with Intrinsically Interdependent Costs of Precaution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The standard economic model of bilateral precaution postulates that the care that is taken by injurers and victims affects only expected accident loss. This paper considers situations in which each party’s precaution also directly affects the other party’s cost of taking precaution. When this additional externality is introduced into a model of unilateral harm, none of the standard tort liability

Dhammika Dharmapala; Sandra A. Hoffmann

2005-01-01

80

Patient safety in primary care: a survey of general practitioners in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Primary care encompasses many different clinical domains and patient groups, which means that patient safety in primary care may be equally broad. Previous research on safety in primary care has focused on medication safety and incident reporting. In this study, the views of general practitioners (GPs) on patient safety were examined. METHODS: A web-based survey of a sample of

Sander Gaal; W. H. J. M. Verstappen; Michel Wensing

2010-01-01

81

The Complexity of Safety Stock Placement in General-Network Supply Chains  

E-print Network

The Complexity of Safety Stock Placement in General-Network Supply Chains Ekaterina Lesnaia, Iuliu Vasilescu, and Stephen C. Graves MIT Abstract-- We consider the optimization problem of safety stock stock placement for a general-network supply chain. Index Terms-- Complexity, safety stock placement

Graves, Stephen C.

82

GENERAL FRAMEWORK FOR ANIMAL FOOD SAFETY TRACEABILITY USING GS1 AND RFID  

E-print Network

GENERAL FRAMEWORK FOR ANIMAL FOOD SAFETY TRACEABILITY USING GS1 AND RFID Weizhu Cao, Limin Zheng traceability systems. The paper designed general framework for animal food safety traceability using GS1 the whole world focus on the issue of food safety(Zhao Jinyan et al., 2008). The European Union, hal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

83

Optimizing safety stock placement in general network supply chains  

E-print Network

The amount of safety stock to hold at each stage in a supply chain is an important problem for a manufacturing company that faces uncertain demand and needs to provide a high level of service to its customers. The amount ...

Lesnaia, Ekaterina.

2004-01-01

84

Scientists versus regulators: precaution, novelty & regulatory oversight as predictors of perceived risks of engineered nanomaterials.  

PubMed

Engineered nanoscale materials (ENMs) present a difficult challenge for risk assessors and regulators. Continuing uncertainty about the potential risks of ENMs means that expert opinion will play an important role in the design of policies to minimize harmful implications while supporting innovation. This research aims to shed light on the views of 'nano experts' to understand which nanomaterials or applications are regarded as more risky than others, to characterize the differences in risk perceptions between expert groups, and to evaluate the factors that drive these perceptions. Our analysis draws from a web-survey (N?=?404) of three groups of US and Canadian experts: nano-scientists and engineers, nano-environmental health and safety scientists, and regulatory scientists and decision-makers. Significant differences in risk perceptions were found across expert groups; differences found to be driven by underlying attitudes and perceptions characteristic of each group. Nano-scientists and engineers at the upstream end of the nanomaterial life cycle perceived the lowest levels of risk, while those who are responsible for assessing and regulating risks at the downstream end perceived the greatest risk. Perceived novelty of nanomaterial risks, differing preferences for regulation (i.e. the use of precaution versus voluntary or market-based approaches), and perceptions of the risk of technologies in general predicted variation in experts' judgments of nanotechnology risks. Our findings underscore the importance of involving a diverse selection of experts, particularly those with expertise at different stages along the nanomaterial lifecycle, during policy development. PMID:25222742

Beaudrie, Christian E H; Satterfield, Terre; Kandlikar, Milind; Harthorn, Barbara H

2014-01-01

85

The post-normal sciences of precaution.  

PubMed

After centuries of optimism, science has become problematic and compromised. We can no longer assume that innovations are safe until proven dangerous. The 'technocratic' approach to science, with its reductionist methodology and its corporate control, is no longer appropriate. We need a 'precautionary' science that will be 'post-normal' in character. For this, we contrast 'applied science,' like the 'puzzle-solving' of Kuhn's 'normal science' and the 'professional consultancy' like the practice of the surgeon or engineer. Rather, we have a situation where 'facts are uncertain, values in dispute, stakes high, and decisions urgent.' For high-quality decision-making, we need an 'extended peer community' who will bring their 'extended facts' to the dialogue. There are a number of initiatives that advance the post-normal programme, including the endeavours of Poul Harremoës and the conference on Uncertainty and Precaution in Environmental Management. PMID:16304929

Ravetz, J

2005-01-01

86

49 CFR 238.229 - Safety appliances-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...considered part of the car body; (ii) The weld on the safety appliance bracket or support...17(e) if any part or portion of the weld contains a defect. Any repairs...trained and qualified to identify defective weld conditions. At a minimum, these...

2013-10-01

87

49 CFR 238.229 - Safety appliances-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...considered part of the car body; (ii) The weld on the safety appliance bracket or support...17(e) if any part or portion of the weld contains a defect. Any repairs...trained and qualified to identify defective weld conditions. At a minimum, these...

2010-10-01

88

49 CFR 238.229 - Safety appliances-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...considered part of the car body; (ii) The weld on the safety appliance bracket or support...17(e) if any part or portion of the weld contains a defect. Any repairs...trained and qualified to identify defective weld conditions. At a minimum, these...

2012-10-01

89

49 CFR 238.229 - Safety appliances-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...considered part of the car body; (ii) The weld on the safety appliance bracket or support...17(e) if any part or portion of the weld contains a defect. Any repairs...trained and qualified to identify defective weld conditions. At a minimum, these...

2011-10-01

90

Isolation precautions to prevent the spread of contagious diseases.  

PubMed

This article explores the use of isolation precautions to prevent the spread of infection. The standard infection control precautions, which should be undertaken routinely with all patients, and the additional measures which should be adopted when a patient has a specific infection, are discussed. The use of single room accommodation for patients with infections is debated. PMID:19263962

Gould, D

91

BrochuresAvailableOutsidethePublicSafetyOffice Public Safety  

E-print Network

Includes Easy-to-Use Call Documenting Form Personal Safety Precautions to Take Home Safety Office Safety a suspicious package is received. Personal Safety Participants will be given safety tips, advice and programs designed to promote awareness in personal safety and crime prevention strategies in our community

92

Auto Battery Safety Facts  

MedlinePLUS

... 2010 Prevent Blindness America ® All rights reserved. The Battery’s Purpose: A motor vehicle battery does the following ... the air conditioner or radio are turned on. Battery Safety Precautions To prevent an accident that could ...

93

The Complexity of Safety Stock Placement in General-Network Supply Chains  

E-print Network

We consider the optimization problem of safety stock placement in a supply chain, as formulated in [1]. We prove that this problem is NP-Hard for supply chains modeled as general acyclic networks. Thus, we do not expect ...

Lesnaia, Ekaterina

94

21 CFR 610.11a - Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...11 of this chapter except that, with reference to guinea pigs, the test shall be satisfied if the product provides...milliliters of inactivated influenza vaccine into each guinea pig. The requirements for general safety for...

2010-04-01

95

Health Precautions. Child Health and Safety Series (Module II).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for child care personnel in day care homes and centers provides guidelines on developing and maintaining health records and permission forms, establishing daily cleanliness routines, making daily health checks, and conducting periodic screening to identify children with problems requiring professional help. Section I focuses on…

Iscoe, Louise; And Others

96

Science and precaution in the appraisal of electricity supply options.  

PubMed

The technological risks associated with electricity generating options are a crucial consideration in the governance of energy strategies. Conversely, many central issues in the broader social debate over the governance of environmental risk (such as acid gas emissions, radioactive waste management, nuclear safety and global climate change) relate very strongly to technology choice in the electricity supply sector. The particularities of this field, therefore, offer a topical and pertinent case with which to explore the relationship between science and precaution in the governance of technological risk. By reference to the electricity sector, the present paper examines the contrasts between 'risk-based' and 'precautionary' approaches to the governance of risk, paying particular attention to the problems of intractable uncertainties and divergent values. A number of theoretical and methodological issues in conventional risk-assessment and cost-benefit analysis are examined and their practical implications for appraisal explored. Attention then turns to the form that might be taken by approaches to the governance of energy risks that are at the same time scientifically well-founded and precautionary. Conclusions are drawn for decision and policy making in this area. PMID:11532359

Stirling, A

2001-09-14

97

Precautions against HIV transmission in hospitals.  

PubMed

This article deals with the precautions necessary for handling blood in a hospital environment. It is known that most people who present to the hospital setting may be unknowingly infected with HIV virus, and thus exposure to blood should be handled with care. Routinely, anyone who is at risk of coming in contact with contaminated blood should wear gloves. The nature of the gloves should differ according to the responsibility at hand. Thus plastic gloves should be used for vaginal examinations, standard rubber gloves for deliveries and surgical operations, and heavy duty gloves for scrubbing floors. Soap and water should be readily available for personnel in the event that presumed infected blood comes in contact with skin. A concentration of 0.5% sodium hypochlorite should always be available in the clinical setting, to treat unforseen blood spills. Instruments contaminated with blood could be adequately handled by using sterilization methods which are commonly in use. Boiling the instrument for 20 minutes in hot water is adequate disinfection. However, this method is not sufficient for fiber optic instruments; instead manufacturer's instruction should be followed. Steam sterilizers or autoclaves are more efficient for surgical instruments such as artery forceps. Clearly, simple methods of disinfection are adequate in killing HIV virus, and given that many people are already infected with HIV, sterilization would be a useful routine to practice in most hospitals in the developing countries. PMID:2773053

Carswell, J W

1989-07-01

98

Generalized Optimal Current Patterns and Electrical Safety in EIT  

E-print Network

There are a number of constraints which limit the current and voltages which can be applied on a multiple drive electrical imaging system. One obvious constraint is to limit the maximum Ohmic power dissipated in the body. Current patterns optimising distinguishability with respect to this constraint are singular functions of the difference of transconductance matrices with respect to the power norm. (the optimal currents of Isaacson). If one constrains the total current ($L^1$ norm) the optimal patterns are pair drives. On the other hand if one constrains the maximum current on each drive electrode (an $L^\\infty$ norm), the optimal patterns have each drive channel set to the maximum source or sink current value. In this paper we consider appropriate safety constraints and discuss how to find the optimal current patterns with those constraints.

Lionheart, W R B; McLeod, C N; Lionheart, William R.B.; Kaipio, Jari; Leod, Christopher N. Mc

2000-01-01

99

A diffusion survey of coronary precautions.  

PubMed

A national survey of a stratified random sample (n = 240) of accredited hospitals with critical care units (CCU) was conducted in order to describe the current practice of restrictions imposed upon myocardial infarction (MI) patients. A cross-sectional correlational survey with a two-stage mailing was used. The first-stage mailing, at the institutional level, was sent to the head nurses of the CCU's. The second-stage mailing was to two randomly selected nurses plus the head nurse from each responding CCU (n = 600). Nurses were requested to give (a) importance and frequency ratings of selected coronary care nursing practices; (b) information about the use of discontinuance of two specific restrictions: ice water and rectal temperature measurement. Follow-ups by mail and/or telephone yielded response rates of about 87 percent for each stage of mailing. The conceptual framework "Diffusion of Innovations" was used to assess the diffusion of the results of studies published in clinical journals. Despite findings that cast doubt on the practices of restricting ice water and rectal temperature measurement, coronary precautions are commonly practiced. Hours spent reading and the number of journals read correlate (p less than .001) with greater levels of awareness in nurses that such restrictions are in question. Levels of awareness are not related to the importance and frequency ratings for those restrictions. Differences among nurses do not explain differences in ratings. If research is to be used, nurse researchers and managers need to actively intervene in care. Passive diffusion of research results is inadequate, unsure, and slow. PMID:6980400

Kirchhoff, K T

1982-01-01

100

14 CFR 121.221 - Fire precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS...confined without endangering the safety of the airplane or the occupants...smoke, flames, or noxious gases from entering any compartment...smoke, flames, or noxious gases from entering the flight...

2011-01-01

101

14 CFR 121.221 - Fire precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS...confined without endangering the safety of the airplane or the occupants...smoke, flames, or noxious gases from entering any compartment...smoke, flames, or noxious gases from entering the flight...

2010-01-01

102

14 CFR 121.221 - Fire precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS...confined without endangering the safety of the airplane or the occupants...smoke, flames, or noxious gases from entering any compartment...smoke, flames, or noxious gases from entering the flight...

2012-01-01

103

14 CFR 121.221 - Fire precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS...confined without endangering the safety of the airplane or the occupants...smoke, flames, or noxious gases from entering any compartment...smoke, flames, or noxious gases from entering the flight...

2013-01-01

104

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Patient safety in primary care: a survey of general  

E-print Network

Background: Primary care encompasses many different clinical domains and patient groups, which means that patient safety in primary care may be equally broad. Previous research on safety in primary care has focused on medication safety and incident reporting. In this study, the views of general practitioners (GPs) on patient safety were examined. Methods: A web-based survey of a sample of GPs was undertaken. The items were derived from aspects of patient safety issues identified in a prior interview study. The questionnaire used 10 clinical cases and 15 potential risk factors to explore GPs ’ views on patient safety. Results: A total of 68 GPs responded (51.5 % response rate). None of the clinical cases was uniformly judged as particularly safe or unsafe by the GPs. Cases judged to be unsafe by a majority of the GPs concerned either the maintenance of medical records or prescription and monitoring of medication. Cases which only a few GPs judged as unsafe concerned hygiene, the diagnostic process, prevention and communication. The risk factors most frequently judged to constitute a threat to patient safety were a poor doctor-patient relationship, insufficient continuing education on the part of the GP and a patient age over 75 years. Language barriers and polypharmacy also scored high. Deviation from evidence-based guidelines and patient privacy in the reception/waiting room

Er Gaal; Michel Wensing

105

Sun Safety: Save Your Skin!  

MedlinePLUS

... who work outdoors need to take precautions, too. SUN SAFETY Save Your Skin! 2 / FDA Consumer Health ... may increase sun sensitivity. Reduce Time in the Sun It’s important to limit sun exposure between 10 ...

106

Environmental Health and Safety BLOODBORNE PATHOGEN  

E-print Network

........................................................................5 2.5 Safe Work Practices.........................................................................................7 2.5.1 Universal Precautions and General Safe Work Practices......................7 2 ...........................................................................................9 2.7 Hepatitis B Vaccination

Farritor, Shane

107

Air Quality: Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities Matrix Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities Matrix Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 The following tables summarize major air quality program requirements and map them to the appropriate

Wechsler, Risa H.

108

Air Quality: New Emissions Source Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: New Emissions Source Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 All new sources that involve actual or potential air emissions must be evaluated by the air quality program manager beforehand

Wechsler, Risa H.

109

Air Quality: Emissions Source Inspection Form Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Emissions Source Inspection Form Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 This inspection form Quality", http://www-group.slac.stanford.edu/esh/environment/air_quality/policies.htm 29 Jul 2007 (updated

Wechsler, Risa H.

110

Reasons for not reporting patient safety incidents in general practice: A qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore the reasons for not reporting patient safety incidents in general practice. Design Qualitative interviews with general practitioners and members of the project group. Setting General practice clinics in the Region of Northern Jutland in Denmark. Subjects Twelve general practitioners. Main outcome measures The experiences and reflections of the involved professionals with regard to system use and non-use. Results While most respondents were initially positive towards the idea of reporting and learning from patient safety incidents, they actually reported very few incidents. The major reasons for the low reporting rates are found to be a perceived lack of practical usefulness, issues of time and effort in a busy clinic with competing priorities, and considerations of appropriateness in relation to other professionals. Conclusion The results suggest that the visions of formal, comprehensive, and systematic reporting of (and learning from) patient safety incidents will be quite difficult to realize in general practice. Future studies should investigate how various ways of organizing incident reporting at the regional level influence local activities of reporting and learning in general practice. PMID:23113662

Kousgaard, Marius Brostr?m; Joensen, Anne Sofie; Thorsen, Thorkil

2012-01-01

111

GPHS (General Purpose Heat Source) uranium oxide encapsulations supporting satellite safety tests  

SciTech Connect

General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) simulant-fueled capsules were assembled, welded, nondestructively examined, and shipped to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) for satellite safety tests. Simulant-fueled iridium capsules contain depleted uranium oxide pellets that serve as a stand-in for plutonium-238 oxide pellets. Information on forty seven capsules prepared during 1987 and 1988 is recorded in this memorandum along with a description of the processes used for encapsulation and evaluation. LANL expects to use all capsules for destructive safety tests, which are under way. Test results so far have demonstrated excellent integrity of the Savannah River capsule welds. 10 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Kanne, W.R.

1989-04-24

112

41 CFR 101-39.400 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

Officials, employees, and contractors responsible for the operation of General Services Administration (GSA) Interagency Fleet Management System (IFMS) vehicles shall exercise every precaution to prevent...

2010-07-01

113

Department of Materials Safety in Laboratories  

E-print Network

Precautions Conduct and Basic Precautions Never run or fool about in laboratories. Ensure that your footwear to the Departmental Safety Officer. Food and drink must never be stored or consumed in laboratories. Wash your hands acid, perchloric acid, chromic oxide, etc.) in close proximity to flammable organic liquids. See Annexe

Paxton, Anthony T.

114

Mobile Phones and Service Stations: Rumour, Risk and Precaution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the implications of precautionary restrictions against technologies, in the context of the potential for creating and sustaining rumours. It focuses on the restriction against mobile phone use at petrol stations, based on the rumour that a spark might cause an explosion. Rumours have been substantiated by precaution-ary usage warnings from mobile phone manufacturers, petrol station usage restrictions,

Adam Burgess

2007-01-01

115

Adherence to universal precautions among laboratory personnel in  

Microsoft Academic Search

To evaluate the present situation and plan future directions with regard to implementation of universal precautions in laboratories testing blood samples, we carried out a national cross sectional study in 2003 on a representative sample of laboratories in Lebanon. We compared the results with those of a 1993 study. We found that the education profile of staff had improved, being

A. R. Jurjus

116

Designing for Homeless Young People: Precaution in Ubiquitous Computing  

E-print Network

Designing for Homeless Young People: Precaution in Ubiquitous Computing Abstract How should ubiquitous access to information through computing be shaped to improve the lives of homeless young people? Drawing on social and material considerations of homeless young people and service agencies, uncovered

Anderson, Richard

117

Improving general practice computer systems for patient safety: qualitative study of key stakeholders  

PubMed Central

Objective The authors sought to identify ways in which the use of general practice computer systems could be improved to enhance safety in primary care. Design Qualitative study using semistructured interviews. Participants Thirty one participants, representing a broad range of relevant disciplines and interest groups. Participants included clinicians, computer system and drug database suppliers, academics with interests in health informatics and members of governmental, professional and patient representative bodies. Setting UK. Results Participants identified deficiencies in current systems that pose serious threats to patient safety. To bring about improvements, providers need to supply clinicians with safe, accurate and accessible information for decision support; be aware of the importance of human ergonomics in the design of hazard alerts; consider the value of audit trails and develop mechanisms to allow for the accurate transfer of information between clinical computer systems. These improvements in computer systems will be most likely to occur if mandated through regulations. Individual practices are in need of improved education and training which focuses, in particular, on providing support with recording data accurately and using call, recall and reminders effectively. Conclusion There are significant opportunities for improving the safety of general practice computer systems. Priorities include improving the knowledge base for clinical decision support, paying greater attention to human ergonomics in system design, improved staff training and the introduction of new regulations mandating system suppliers to satisfy essential safety requirements. PMID:17301200

Avery, Anthony J; Savelyich, Boki S P; Sheikh, Aziz; Morris, Caroline J; Bowler, Isobel; Teasdale, Sheila

2007-01-01

118

Radiological Safety Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written to be used concurrently with the U.S. Army's Radiological Safety Course, this publication discusses the causes, sources, and detection of nuclear radiation. In addition, the transportation and disposal of radioactive materials are covered. The report also deals with the safety precautions to be observed when working with lasers, microwave…

Army Ordnance Center and School, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.

119

Precautions Taken Against Lyme Disease at Three Recreational Parks in Endemic Areas of New Jersey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visitors to three recreational parks located in Lyme disease endemic counties in New Jersey were surveyed to assess public awareness of recommended precautions against tick bites and how these precautions are being adopted. Interviews were conducted with 178 adult respondents. In open-ended questions, 84% of the respondents could name at least one precaution against Lyme disease; however, only 43% reported

William Hallman; Neil Weinstein; Swati Kadakia; Caron Chess

1995-01-01

120

Nuclear safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics dealing with nuclear safety are addressed which include the following: general safety requirements; safety design requirements; terrestrial safety; SP-100 Flight System key safety requirements; potential mission accidents and hazards; key safety features; ground operations; launch operations; flight operations; disposal; safety concerns; licensing; the nuclear engine for rocket vehicle application (NERVA) design philosophy; the NERVA flight safety program; and the NERVA safety plan.

Buden, D.

1991-01-01

121

Prevalence and consequences of patient safety incidents in general practice in the Netherlands: a retrospective medical record review study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Patient safety can be at stake in both hospital and general practice settings. While severe patient safety incidents have\\u000a been described, quantitative studies in large samples of patients in general practice are rare. This study aimed to assess\\u000a patient safety in general practice, and to show areas where potential improvements could be implemented.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We conducted a retrospective review of patient

Sander Gaal; W. H. J. M. Verstappen; René Wolters; Henrike Lankveld; Chris van Weel; Michel Wensing

2011-01-01

122

Framework for controlling infection through isolation precautions in Japan.  

PubMed

In Japan, nurses certified in infection control face organizational and structural challenges to the implementation of the recommended isolation precautions. In this study, we developed a conceptual framework for the problem-solving process of certified nurses in infection control when implementing appropriate isolation-precaution measures. We conducted a qualitative, descriptive study using directed content analysis. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 40 nurses who had over five?years' experience in infection control. Factors assessing the risk of infection in patients were identified, including microorganism characteristics, patient characteristics, and risk of infection to the entire unit. The nurses also assessed the risk of infection in institutions from the following perspectives: organizational culture, infection control system, human resources, environment surrounding the facility, ethical issues, and external factors. Individual characteristics, such as attributes, knowledge, expertise, and job function, were identified as major influencing factors in the problem-solving process. These findings could be useful for newly-certified nurses in infection control and provide recommendations on implementing isolation-precaution measures. PMID:24635895

Kawakami, Kazumi; Misao, Hanako

2014-03-01

123

Receptionist input to quality and safety in repeat prescribing in UK general practice: ethnographic case study  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe, explore, and compare organisational routines for repeat prescribing in general practice to identify contributors and barriers to safety and quality. Design Ethnographic case study. Setting Four urban UK general practices with diverse organisational characteristics using electronic patient records that supported semi-automation of repeat prescribing. Participants 395 hours of ethnographic observation of staff (25 doctors, 16 nurses, 4 healthcare assistants, 6 managers, and 56 reception or administrative staff), and 28 documents and other artefacts relating to repeat prescribing locally and nationally. Main outcome measures Potential threats to patient safety and characteristics of good practice. Methods Observation of how doctors, receptionists, and other administrative staff contributed to, and collaborated on, the repeat prescribing routine. Analysis included mapping prescribing routines, building a rich description of organisational practices, and drawing these together through narrative synthesis. This was informed by a sociological model of how organisational routines shape and are shaped by information and communications technologies. Results Repeat prescribing was a complex, technology-supported social practice requiring collaboration between clinical and administrative staff, with important implications for patient safety. More than half of requests for repeat prescriptions were classed as “exceptions” by receptionists (most commonly because the drug, dose, or timing differed from what was on the electronic repeat list). They managed these exceptions by making situated judgments that enabled them (sometimes but not always) to bridge the gap between the idealised assumptions about tasks, roles, and interactions that were built into the electronic patient record and formal protocols, and the actual repeat prescribing routine as it played out in practice. This work was creative and demanded both explicit and tacit knowledge. Clinicians were often unaware of this input and it did not feature in policy documents or previous research. Yet it was sometimes critical to getting the job done and contributed in subtle ways to safeguarding patients. Conclusion Receptionists and administrative staff make important “hidden” contributions to quality and safety in repeat prescribing in general practice, regarding themselves accountable to patients for these contributions. Studying technology-supported work routines that seem mundane, standardised, and automated, but which in reality require a high degree of local tailoring and judgment from frontline staff, opens up a new agenda for the study of patient safety. PMID:22053317

2011-01-01

124

General-purpose heat source project and space nuclear safety fuels program. Progress report, February 1980  

SciTech Connect

This formal monthly report covers the studies related to the use of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ in radioisotopic power systems carried out for the Advanced Nuclear Systems and Projects Division of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. The two programs involved are: General-Purpose Heat Source Development and Space Nuclear Safety and Fuels. Most of the studies discussed here are of a continuing nature. Results and conclusions described may change as the work continues. Published reference to the results cited in this report should not be made without the explicit permission of the person in charge of the work.

Maraman, W.J. (comp.)

1980-05-01

125

Environmental assessment of general-purpose heat source safety verification testing  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Assessment (EA) was prepared to identify and evaluate potential environmental, safety, and health impacts associated with the Proposed Action to test General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) assemblies at the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) 10,000-Foot Sled Track Facility, Albuquerque, New Mexico. RTGs are used to provide a reliable source of electrical power on board some spacecraft when solar power is inadequate during long duration space missions. These units are designed to convert heat from the natural decay of radioisotope fuel into electrical power. Impact test data are required to support DOE`s mission to provide radioisotope power systems to NASA and other user agencies. The proposed tests will expand the available safety database regarding RTG performance under postulated accident conditions. Direct observations and measurements of GPHS/RTG performance upon impact with hard, unyielding surfaces are required to verify model predictions and to ensure the continual evolution of the RTG designs that perform safely under varied accident environments. The Proposed Action is to conduct impact testing of RTG sections containing GPHS modules with simulated fuel. End-On and Side-On impact test series are planned.

NONE

1995-02-01

126

General-purpose heat source safety verification test series: SVT-11 through SVT-13  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular component of the radioisotope thermoelectric generator that will provide power for the Galileo and Ulysses (formerly ISPM) space missions. The GPHS provides power by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/Pu ..cap alpha..-decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Because the possibility of an orbital abort always exists, the heat source was designed and constructed to minimize plutonia release in any accident environment. The Safety Verification Test (SVT) series was formulated to evaluate the effectiveness of GPHS plutonia containment after atmospheric reentry and Earth impact. The first two reports (covering SVT-1 through SVT-10) described the results of flat, side-on, and angular module impacts against steel targets at 54 m/s. This report describes flat-on module impacts against concrete and granite targets, at velocities equivalent to or higher than previous SVTs.

George, T.G.; Pavone, D.

1986-05-01

127

General Framework for Animal Food Safety Traceability Using GS1 and RFID  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GS1 is global traceability standard, which is composed by the encoding system (EAN/UCC, EPC), the data carriers identified automatically (bar codes, RFID), electronic data interchange standards (EDI, XML). RFID is a non-contact, multi-objective automatic identification technique. Tracing of source food, standardization of RFID tags, sharing of dynamic data are problems to solve urgently for recent traceability systems. The paper designed general framework for animal food safety traceability using GS1 and RFID. This framework uses RFID tags encoding with EPCglobal tag data standards. Each information server has access tier, business tier and resource tier. These servers are heterogeneous and distributed, providing user access interfaces by SOAP or HTTP protocols. For sharing dynamic data, discovery service and object name service are used to locate dynamic distributed information servers.

Cao, Weizhu; Zheng, Limin; Zhu, Hong; Wu, Ping

128

Knowledge and Practice of Standard Precautions and Awareness Regarding Post-Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV among Interns of a Medical College in West Bengal, India  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess the knowledge of interns on standard precautions and post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV, and identify the gap between knowledge and practice relating to standard precautions, as well as determining the perceived barriers against adherence to standard precautions. Methods The study was conducted on 130 interns of 2010-11 batch from a government-run medical college in Kolkata, India. All participants completed a self-administered questionnaire with items relating to basic components of standard precautions and post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV. The questionnaire also included open ended questions relating to reasons for non-adherence to the practice of standard precautions along with additional space for specific comments, if any. Results Poor adherence in the use of personal protective equipment, hand washing, safe handling and disposal of needles and sharp objects were found to be among the practices for which the interns expressed correct knowledge. While the main reasons for non-adherence were found to be clumsiness in handling needles, wearing gloves, feeling uncomfortable when wearing aprons, impracticality of regular hand-washing and non-availability of equipment. Although the majority of the respondents (84.6%) expressed awareness of washing sites of injured with soap and water, approximately 32.3% did not know that antiseptics could cause more damage. Also, only 63.8% expressed awareness of reporting any incidence of occupational exposure, while knowledge on post-exposure prophylaxis regimens was generally found to be poor. Conclusion The considerable gap between knowledge and practice of standard precautions and inadequate knowledge of post-exposure prophylaxis emphasizes the need for continuous onsite training of interns with supportive supervision and monitoring of their activities. PMID:23616912

Mukherjee, Shuvankar; Bhattacharyya, Agnihotri; Goswami, Dipendra N.; Ghosh, Santanu; Samanta, Amrita

2013-01-01

129

Safety of iobitridol in the general population and at-risk patients.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to review the rate of adverse events after contrast medium administration in the general population and at-risk patients (renal impairment, heart failure (NYHA III or IV), hypotension or hypertension, coronary artery disease, previous reaction to contrast media, asthma and/or allergies, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, poor general condition) under daily practice conditions in a post-marketing surveillance study. Two hundred and ten radiologists conducted various X-ray examinations in 52,057 patients. To document the safety of iobitridol in routine use, all patients undergoing X-ray examinations were included. Exclusion criteria were contraindications listed in the locally approved summary of product characteristics. The adverse event rate was 0.96% (at-risk patients 1.39%); the rate of serious adverse events 0.044% in all patients (at-risk patients 0.057%). Adverse events occurred more often in women than in men (P < 0.001). In patients who had previously reacted to a contrast medium, adverse events were reported in 3.43% with mild to moderate symptoms. In 47.76% of these patients, a premedication was administered. There was no difference in the frequency of adverse events and serious adverse events whether premedicated or not (P = 0.311 and P = 0.295, respectively). Iobitridol was well-tolerated in 99.04% of cases (at-risk patients 98.61%). PMID:16429272

Vogl, Thomas J; Honold, Elmar; Wolf, Michael; Mohajeri, H; Hammerstingl, R

2006-06-01

130

Dietary supplements and hypertension: potential benefits and precautions.  

PubMed

Dietary supplements (DSs) are used extensively in the general population and many are promoted for the natural treatment and management of hypertension. Patients with hypertension often choose to use these products either in addition to or instead of pharmacologic antihypertensive agents. Because of the frequent use of DS, both consumers and health care providers should be aware of the considerable issues surrounding these products and factors influencing both efficacy and safety. In this review of the many DSs promoted for the management of hypertension, 4 products with evidence of possible benefits (coenzyme Q10, fish oil, garlic, vitamin C) and 4 that were consistently associated with increasing blood pressure were found (ephedra, Siberian ginseng, bitter orange, licorice). The goals and objectives of this review are to discuss the regulation of DS, evaluate the efficacy of particular DS in the treatment of hypertension, and highlight DS that may potentially increase blood pressure. PMID:22747620

Rasmussen, Carly B; Glisson, James K; Minor, Deborah S

2012-07-01

131

36 CFR 9.43 - Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. 9.43...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. When drilling...territory, or in any field where high pressures are likely to exist, the...

2010-07-01

132

Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses safety issues in science, including: allergic reactions to peanuts used in experiments; explosions in lead/acid batteries; and inspection of pressure vessels, such as pressure cookers or model steam engines. (MKR)

Education in Science, 1996

1996-01-01

133

Explosion overpressure test series: General-Purpose Heat Source development: Safety Verification Test program  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular, radioisotope heat source that will be used in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) to supply electric power for space missions. The first two uses will be the NASA Galileo and the ESA Ulysses missions. The RTG for these missions will contain 18 GPHS modules, each of which contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled clads and generates 250 W/sub (t)/. A series of Safety Verification Tests (SVTs) was conducted to assess the ability of the GPHS modules to contain the plutonia in accident environments. Because a launch pad or postlaunch explosion of the Space Transportation System vehicle (space shuttle) is a conceivable accident, the SVT plan included a series of tests that simulated the overpressure exposure the RTG and GPHS modules could experience in such an event. Results of these tests, in which we used depleted UO/sub 2/ as a fuel simulant, suggest that exposure to overpressures as high as 15.2 MPa (2200 psi), without subsequent impact, does not result in a release of fuel.

Cull, T.A.; George, T.G.; Pavone, D.

1986-09-01

134

General-purpose heat source project and space nuclear safety and fuels program. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

Studies related to the use of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ in radioisotopic power systems carried out for the Advanced Nuclear Systems and Projects Division of LASL are presented. The three programs involved are: general-purpose heat source development; space nuclear safety; and fuels program. Three impact tests were conducted to evaluate the effects of a high temperature reentry pulse and the use of CBCF on impact performance. Additionally, two /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ pellets were encapsulated in Ir-0.3% W for impact testing. Results of the clad development test and vent testing are noted. Results of the environmental tests are summarized. Progress on the Stirling isotope power systems test and the status of the improved MHW tests are indicated. The examination of the impact failure of the iridium shell of MHFT-65 at a fuel pass-through continued. A test plan was written for vibration testing of the assembled light-weight radioisotopic heater unit. Progress on fuel processing is reported.

Maraman, W.J.

1980-02-01

135

General-Purpose Heat Source development: Safety Verification Test Program. Bullet/fragment test series  

SciTech Connect

The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will provide power for space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. Each module contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled clads and generates 250 W/sub (t)/. Because a launch-pad or post-launch explosion is always possible, we need to determine the ability of GPHS fueled clads within a module to survive fragment impact. The bullet/fragment test series, part of the Safety Verification Test Plan, was designed to provide information on clad response to impact by a compact, high-energy, aluminum-alloy fragment and to establish a threshold value of fragment energy required to breach the iridium cladding. Test results show that a velocity of 555 m/s (1820 ft/s) with an 18-g bullet is at or near the threshold value of fragment velocity that will cause a clad breach. Results also show that an exothermic Ir/Al reaction occurs if aluminum and hot iridium are in contact, a contact that is possible and most damaging to the clad within a narrow velocity range. The observed reactions between the iridium and the aluminum were studied in the laboratory and are reported in the Appendix.

George, T.G.; Tate, R.E.; Axler, K.M.

1985-05-01

136

General-Purpose Heat Source Safety Verification Test Program: Edge-on flyer plate tests  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will supply power for the Galileo and Ulysses space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. The GPHS modules provide power by transmitting the heat of Pu-238 alpha-decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Each module contains four Pu-238O2-fueled clads and generates 250 W(t). Because the possibility of a launch vehicle explosion always exists, and because such an explosion could generate a field of high-energy fragments, the fueled clads within each GPHS module must survive fragment impact. The edge-on flyer plate tests were included in the Safety Verification Test series to provide information on the module/clad response to the impact of high-energy plate fragments. The test results indicate that the edge-on impact of a 3.2-mm-thick, aluminum-alloy (2219-T87) plate traveling at 915 m/s causes the complete release of fuel from capsules contained within a bare GPHS module, and that the threshold velocity sufficient to cause the breach of a bare, simulant-fueled clad impacted by a 3.5-mm-thick, aluminum-alloy (5052-TO) plate is approximately 140 m/s.

George, T. G.

1987-03-01

137

Toward a Generalization of Signal Detection Theory to N-Person Games: The Example of Two-Person Safety Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Game theoretical analysis is used to extend the predictions of classical signal detection theory to situations in which the detection task is performed by two observers. The implications of the suggested generalization are demonstrated and examined in the context of a two-person safety game. In a controlled experiment, 28 dyads performed a letter classification task. In accordance with the predictions,

Ido Erev; Daniel Gopher; Revital Itkin; Yaakov Greenshpan

1995-01-01

138

RESEARCH SAFETY RADIATION SAFETY  

E-print Network

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT and MISSION CONTINUITY FIRE PREVENTION and LIFE SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY TRAINING Manager (951) 827-2964 beiwei.tu@ucr.edu (vacant) Emergency Management Specialist (951) 827-2609 Xavier

139

Drilling site on a national seashore required extra environmental precautions  

SciTech Connect

The comprehensive planning required for a well drilled on a national seashore resulted in a trouble-free operation that minimized effects on a very sensitive environmental area. The procedure for obtaining approval from the National Park Service for this exploration well was very detailed and time consuming. Bright and Co., San Antonio, drilled the Dunn-McCampbell No. 1 on the Padre Island National Seashore in Kleberg County in South Texas earlier this year. Although the federal government owns all surface lands in the National Seashore, the majority of the subsurface oil and gas rights are owned by the Dunn-McCampbell heirs. Development of the private oil and gas rights may occur in the National Seashore area as long as operators comply with National Park Service regulations of Title 36, Code of federal Regulations Part 9, Subpart B. Precautions to contain and collect any discharge of liquids were required because Padre Island has a shallow freshwater aquifer approximately 4 ft below the ground surface. The water from the aquifer collects in shallow ponds on the island and is the main source of drinking water for wildlife there. Therefore, the National Park Service requires groundwater monitoring wells at the production facility site to determine if any contaminants enter the groundwater.

Hunt, M. [Bright and Co., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1995-11-06

140

41 CFR 50-204.2 - General safety and health standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Oil and Gas Operating Regulations. Part 231—Operating and Safety Regulations Governing the Mining of Potash; Oil Shale, Sodium, and Phosphate; Sulphur; and Gold, Silver, or Quicksilver; and Other Nonmetallic Minerals, Including...

2010-07-01

141

78 FR 58470 - General Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT) Act of 2001 (Pub. L...Freight forwarders, Maritime carriers, Mexico, Motor carriers, Moving of household...safety, Incorporation by reference, Mexico, Motor carriers, Motor vehicle...

2013-09-24

142

The Elementary Science Safety Manual. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the principle that safety education should be a vital component in science instruction, this manual was designed to assist elementary teachers in doing more experiments and activities more confidently by making them aware of dangers and precautions. It also aims to make students aware that safety is a lifetime process and responsibility.…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of General Academic Education.

143

Asbestos precautions If your work involves disturbing existing building materials, complete the asbes-  

E-print Network

Asbestos precautions If your work involves disturbing existing building materials, complete the asbes- tos training before your activity. Find it on our website at ehs.unc.edu>Training>Self-study>Asbestos

McLaughlin, Richard M.

144

Special Radiation Protection Precautions in Therapeutic Nuclear Medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Therapeutic Nuclear Medicine concerns the administration of appropriate amounts of radioactivity of certain isotopes, in order to achieve internal localized irradiation of neoplasmatic cells. Due to the increased level and the specific isotope characteristics of administered radioactivity, special Radiation Protection precautions must be taken. This study addresses such issues, based on national as well as international legislation and guidelines. Application of the principle of optimization is of outmost importance and is based on individual dose planning. The decision about the release of Nuclear Medicine patients after therapy is determined on an individual basis, taking into account patients' pattern of contact with other people, their age and that of persons in the home environment, in addition to other factors. Estimation of the absorbed dose given to the treated organ is based on uptake measurements and other biokinetic data, as well as on the mass of the treated tissue or organ. Concerning pregnant women, the rule of thumb is that they should not be treated, unless the radionuclide therapy is required to save their lives. In that case, the potential absorbed dose and risk to the foetus should be estimated and conveyed to the patient. After radionuclide therapy, a female should be advised to avoid pregnancy for the period of time depending on the specific radionuclide. This is to ensure that the dose to a conceptus/foetus would probably not exceed 1 mGy (the member of the public dose limit). The radiation risk for relatives and caregivers is small and unlikely to exceed the legal dose constraints during the period of the patient's treatment. Solid waste from the patient's stay in hospital is a different matter, and is normally incinerated or held for a period until radioactive decay brings the activity to an acceptable level.

Stefanoyiannis, A. P.; Gerogiannis, J.

2010-01-01

145

General-purpose heat source project and space nuclear safety and fuels program. Progress reportt, January 1980  

SciTech Connect

This formal monthly report covers the studies related to the use of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ in radioisotopic power systems carried out for the Advanced Nuclear Systems and Projects Division of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. The two programs involved are the general-purpose heat source development and space nuclear safety and fuels. Most of the studies discussed here are of a continuing nature. Results and conclusions described may change as the work continues. Published reference to the results cited in this report should not be made without the explicit permission of the person in charge of the work.

Maraman, W.J. (comp.)

1980-04-01

146

Poverty, human development, environmental and health risks: the role of precaution and cautionary policies.  

PubMed

First of all a definition is given of "poverty" and "precaution". A short, by no means comprehensive, presentation of some especially relevant recent publications on both topics is included, with a view to offering also readers who are not familiar with these issues a broad overview of the specialised literature available. This is followed by a description of the solidarity concept, following various philosophical, cultural and religious trends, analysing their relationship with precaution. An attempt is then made to show how solidarity and precaution could help counteract poverty, the risks for the environment and health, with the ensuing social and health damage. Reasons are outlined which support the adoption of the precaution principle in economics, as well as some arguments which could be put forward to oppose these views. The final remarks are a reply to such criticisms with a view to showing how precaution could be an effective economic tool, as well as a way to tackle those health-related and environmental problems that are also associated with poverty. PMID:18209266

Petrini, Carlo

2007-01-01

147

76 FR 30374 - Cruise Vessel Safety and Security Act of 2010, Available Technology  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...safety requirements) and 3508 (Crime scene preservation training for passenger...public access to information regarding crime aboard cruise ships; improved precautions...surveillance system to assist in documenting crimes that occur on the vessel, and...

2011-05-25

148

Evaluation of primary flight display enhancements for improving general aviation safety  

E-print Network

The information architecture of general aviation cockpits is shifting from one of independent mechanical instruments to one of digital sensors, common databuses, and liquid crystal displays. This integrated architecture ...

Craig, Daniel R

2005-01-01

149

ECE 2100 Circuit Analysis Laboratory: Safety and Rules updated 8 October 2010  

E-print Network

safety precautions, and common sense. There are a number of hazards present in any electrical engineering Safety 1. Do not work alone on energized electrical equipment. 2. Power must be switched off whenever1 ECE 2100 Circuit Analysis Laboratory: Safety and Rules updated 8 October 2010 Safety

Miller, Damon A.

150

A review of significant events analysed in general practice: implications for the quality and safety of patient care  

PubMed Central

Background Significant event analysis (SEA) is promoted as a team-based approach to enhancing patient safety through reflective learning. Evidence of SEA participation is required for appraisal and contractual purposes in UK general practice. A voluntary educational model in the west of Scotland enables general practitioners (GPs) and doctors-in-training to submit SEA reports for feedback from trained peers. We reviewed reports to identify the range of safety issues analysed, learning needs raised and actions taken by GP teams. Method Content analysis of SEA reports submitted in an 18 month period between 2005 and 2007. Results 191 SEA reports were reviewed. 48 described patient harm (25.1%). A further 109 reports (57.1%) outlined circumstances that had the potential to cause patient harm. Individual 'error' was cited as the most common reason for event occurrence (32.5%). Learning opportunities were identified in 182 reports (95.3%) but were often non-specific professional issues not shared with the wider practice team. 154 SEA reports (80.1%) described actions taken to improve practice systems or professional behaviour. However, non-medical staff were less likely to be involved in the changes resulting from event analyses describing patient harm (p < 0.05) Conclusion The study provides some evidence of the potential of SEA to improve healthcare quality and safety. If applied rigorously, GP teams and doctors in training can use the technique to investigate and learn from a wide variety of quality issues including those resulting in patient harm. This leads to reported change but it is unclear if such improvement is sustained. PMID:19723325

McKay, John; Bradley, Nick; Lough, Murray; Bowie, Paul

2009-01-01

151

[Proposed updated isolation precautions guideline in a university teaching hospital in Italy].  

PubMed

Significant developments took place in the area of infection control since the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC, USA) 1996 publication of a guideline for isolation precautions in hospitals. New guidelines were therefore published by CDC in 2007 (Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings) and by the World Health Organization in 2009 (WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Healthcare). The authors propose an updated guideline that takes into account the new recommendations made by CDC and the WHO in light of the specific requirements of a university teaching hospital. PMID:21132041

Capozzi, Claudio; Panà, Augusto

2010-01-01

152

Lithium/sulfur dioxide cell and battery safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The new high-energy lithium/sulfur dioxide primary electrochemical cell, having a number of advantages, has received considerable attention as a power source in the past few years. With greater experience and improved design by the manufacturers, this system can be used in a safe manner provided the guidelines for use and safety precautions described herein are followed. In addition to a description of cell design and appropriate definitions, there is a safety precautions checklist provided to guide the user. Specific safety procedures for marking, handling, transportation, and disposal are also given, as is a suggested series of tests, to assure manufacturer conformance to requirements.

Halpert, G.; Anderson, A.

1982-01-01

153

Influenza pandemic: perception of risk and individual precautions in a general population. Cross sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: An influenza pandemic may have considerable impact on health and societal functioning. The aim of this study was to explore people's reflections on the consequences of a pandemic. METHODS: Cross-sectional web-based survey of 1,168 Norwegians aged 16–82 years. The main outcome measures were answers to questions about a potential pandemic (\\

Ivar S Kristiansen; Peder A Halvorsen; Dorte Gyrd-Hansen

2007-01-01

154

General-purpose heat source development: Safety Verification Test Program. Titanium bullet/fragment test series  

SciTech Connect

The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will provide power for the Galileo and Ulysses space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. Each module contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled clads and generates 250 W(t). Because the possibility of launch-pad or postlaunch explosion exists and because any explosion would generate a field of high-energy fragments, the fueled clads within each GPHS module must be able to survive fragment impact. In this test series we investigated the response of bare, simulant-fueled (UO/sub 2/) clads to the impact of high-energy titanium alloy fragments. We determined that 425m/s is the threshold impact velocity of a 3.25-g titanium bullet that will cause direct mechanical failure of a bare fueled clad. 40 figs.

George, T.G.

1986-06-01

155

General-Purpose Heat Source Development: safety test program. Postimpact evaluation, Design Iteration Test 1  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ decay to thermoelectric elements. Because of the inevitable return of certain missions, the heat source must be designed and constructed to survive re-entry and Earth impact. The Design Iteration Test (DIT) series is part of an ongoing impact test program. The first DIT used a full GPHS module containing two graphite impact shells (GISs); each GIS contained two iridium (0.3 wt%) capsules filled with /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/. It was impacted at 57 m/s and 930/sup 0/C. All four fuel capsules survived and none was breached. However, serious cracking of the iridium-alloy capsules was found; some cracks extended through approx. 70% of the wall thickness. Postimpact analyses of the unit are described with emphasis on weld structure and performance. 51 figures.

Schonfeld, F.W.

1984-04-01

156

Quick Guide for Staff Caring for Patients on Suicide Precautions 1. Before patient arrives to unit  

E-print Network

Quick Guide for Staff Caring for Patients on Suicide Precautions 1. Before patient arrives to unit trust. Educate patient and family. Inspect room each shift. Communicate appropriately with staff. Evaluate patient including suicide risk, at least every 24 hours. Monitor Visitors. Document patient

Oliver, Douglas L.

157

PRECAUTIONS FOR THE STRUCTURALANALYSIS OF THE GELATINOUS LAYER IN TENSION WOOD  

E-print Network

PRECAUTIONS FOR THE STRUCTURALANALYSIS OF THE GELATINOUS LAYER IN TENSION WOOD by Bruno Clair1, 2, CC 048, 34095 Montpellier CDX 5, France #12;SUMMARY The gelatinous layer (G-layer) of tension wood consequences on properties of solid wood. Its size, shape and structure observed by optical or electron

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

158

Improving Anesthesia Nurse Compliance with Universal Precautions Using Group Goals and Public Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universal Precautions (UPs), procedures to reduce the likelihood of accidental exposure to blood-borne pathogens, were observed among seven Certified Nurse Anesthetists and one anesthesia technician during intravenous line procedures. After six weeks of baseline measures, nurses participated in training, goal setting, and feedback targeting hand sanitizing practices. Three weeks later immediate needle disposal was targeted. Hand sanitizing behaviors increased from

Sara D. Stephens; Timothy D. Ludwig

2005-01-01

159

Safety and environment aspects of a fusion power reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fusion power plant possesses not only intrinsic advantages with respect to safety compared to other sources of energy, but also a negligible long term impact on the environment provided certain precautions are taken in its design and in the selection of structural materials. This was studied by the SEAFP (Safety and Environment Assessment of Fusion Power). Programme and studies

G Marbach; I Cook

1999-01-01

160

Clinical efficacy and safety of fluoxetine in generalized anxiety disorder in Chinese patients  

PubMed Central

Background Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a prevalent, disabling disease and is highly comorbid with other psychiatric disorders both in Western countries and the People’s Republic of China. Fluoxetine, a selective inhibitor of serotonin reuptake (SSRI), is widely utilized in the management of GAD in clinical practice despite the lack of strong evidence. This article reviews fluoxetine trials to investigate fluoxetine’s efficacy and tolerability in Chinese patients with GAD. Methods A literature review was conducted using the following databases up to and including April 2013: Chinese BioMedical Literature, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO. We selected clinical studies that utilized fluoxetine for GAD in which all participants were Chinese. Results Fifteen open-label, non-placebo trials were identified and analyzed; eleven anxiolytics were compared with fluoxetine separately. Short-term efficacy of fluoxetine had been established in these open-label, head-to-head controlled trials. Fluoxetine had rapid onset of action (approximately 1–2 weeks) and seemed to be effective in maintenance treatment. Fluoxetine was generally well-tolerated with the most common side effect of dry month and nausea. Compared to other anxiolytic agents, fluoxetine was equivalent with all of the comparative anxiolytics in terms of efficacy except mirtazapine which showed conflicting results with fluoxetine in two studies. In terms of side effects, fluoxetine was better tolerated than diazepam, doxepine, and amitriptyline, less tolerated than escitalopram, and had similar tolerability with duloxetine as well as alprazolam. Conclusion Given the high risk of bias of the included studies, the overall small sample size of the studies, the lack of placebo control groups as well as the lack of certain clinically meaningful outcomes, it is not possible to recommend fluoxetine as a reliable first-line treatment in Chinese patients with GAD. Furthermore, no definitive implications for clinical practice in choosing anxiolytics can be drawn from this review. Trials with larger sample sizes, better quality, longer duration, and more clinically meaningful outcomes are needed in future research. PMID:24204151

Zou, Chuan; Ding, Xiang; Flaherty, Joseph H; Dong, Birong

2013-01-01

161

General-Purpose Heat Source Development: safety test program. Postimpact evaluation, Design Iteration Test 4  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/Pu decay to thermoelectric elements. Because of the inevitable return of certain aborted missions, the heat source must be designed and constructed to survive both re-entry and Earth impact. The Design Iteration Test (DIT) series is part of an ongoing test program. The fourth test (DIT-4) was designed to evaluate the effect on impact behavior of changing the procedure used at the Mound Facility (MF) to remove surface defects from drawn cups. The change involved switching from a manual abrasion technique to a motorized, rubber-bonded abrasive wheel. In DIT-4 a partial GPHS module containing two fueled clads (one cleaned manually, and one cleaned with an abrasive wheel) was impacted at a velocity of 58 m/s and a temperature of 930/sup 0/C. Both capsules were severely deformed by the impact and contained large internal cracks. Although the manually cleaned capsule breached, the breaching crack was only 2 ..mu..m wide and released negligible amounts of fuel. There did not appear to be any correlation between cleaning method and capsule performance. Postimpact analyses of the DIT-4 test components are described with emphasis on microstructure and impact response.

George, T.G.; Schonfeld, F.W.

1984-12-01

162

Laboratory test ordering and results management systems: a qualitative study of safety risks identified by administrators in general practice  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore experiences and perceptions of frontline administrators involved in the systems-based management of laboratory test ordering and results handling in general medical practice. Design Qualitative using focus group interviews. Setting West of Scotland general medical practices in three National Health Service (NHS) territorial board areas. Participants Convenience samples of administrators (receptionists, healthcare assistants and phlebotomists). Methods Transcript data were subjected to content analysis. Results A total of 40 administrative staff were recruited. Four key themes emerged: (1) system variations and weaknesses (eg, lack of a tracking process is a known risk that needs to be addressed). (2) Doctor to administrator communication (eg, unclear information can lead to emotional impacts and additional workload). (3) Informing patients of test results (eg, levels of anxiety and uncertainty are experienced by administrators influenced by experience and test result outcome) and (4) patient follow-up and confidentiality (eg, maintaining confidentiality in a busy reception area can be challenging). The key findings were explained in terms of sociotechnical systems theory. Conclusions The study further confirms the safety-related problems associated with results handling systems and adds to our knowledge of the communication and psychosocial issues that can affect the health and well-being of staff and patients alike. However, opportunities exist for practices to identify barriers to safe care, and plan and implement system improvements to accommodate or mitigate the potential for human error in this complex area. PMID:24503302

Bowie, Paul; Halley, Lyn; McKay, John

2014-01-01

163

Radiotherapy for HIV patients: Are special precautions necessary?  

PubMed Central

Shortly after the onset of the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s, reports of radiation-associated toxicity in HIV and AIDS patients began to appear in the medical literature. While most reports have focused on AIDS-defining malignancies such as Kaposi's sarcoma, greater than expected toxicity following a course of radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy has also been documented in cancers not generally classified as HIV-related. With improved antiretroviral therapies, HIV patients are living longer and have the potential to develop a variety of HIV associated and non-associated malignancies that require treatment, including radiation therapy. This review reports the published data on the interactions of HIV, AIDS, and antiretroviral therapy with radiation and the implications for the management of malignancies in HIV patients. PMID:20014399

Housri, Nadine; Yarchoan, Robert; Kaushal, Aradhana

2012-01-01

164

Air Bag Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Technology Tires Tires Rating Passenger Van Safety Air Bag Safety Air Bag Basics General Information Air Bag Deployment After Deployment ... Bag Module Crash Sensors Electronic Control Unit Counterfeit Air Bags General Information What Consumers Should Know About Counterfeit ...

165

78 FR 28495 - Safety Zone; Safety Precautions to Protect the Public from the Effects of a Potential...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...could either be affected by the failure of the Marseilles Dam or could...might be either affected by the failure of the Marseilles Dam or could...these actions annually and rates each agency's responsiveness...of a potential catastrophic failure of the Marseilles Dam;...

2013-05-15

166

Chemical Safety. Part I: Safety in the Handling of Hazardous Chemicals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights the importance of considering the hazards, precautions, and emergency procedures pertinent to the safe handling of chemicals before introducing students to the laboratory. Discusses safety hazards depending on the chemical's properties including flammability, corrosivity, toxicity, and reactivity; eye protection; and physical hazards.…

Young, Jay A.

1997-01-01

167

Scope on Safety: Have a safe trip!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science safety isn't just a set of rules. It requires common sense and that teacher intuition that helps us predict what might happen when we least expect it. To that end, this month's column offers some practical advice to help you prepare for school field trips. Remember, as you leave the support of your institution, you'll be principal, teacher, and guide. You'll enjoy that trip all the more knowing you've made every precaution for safety.

Texley, Juliana

2003-01-01

168

Benchmarking safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

All of general industry in the United States, represented by the participants in the IEEE\\/IAS Petroleum and Chemical Industry Committee Technical Conference (PCIC), is regulated by the federal government to have an electrical safety program. The Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) documents that drive the electrical safety of employees in the workplace is written in performance

L. B. McClung

2003-01-01

169

Update to the safety program for the general-purpose heat source radioisotope thermoelectric generators for the Galileo and Ulysses missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the rescheduling of the Galileo and Ulysses launches and the use of new upper stages following the Challenger accident, the aerospace nuclear safety program for the general-purpose heat source radioisotope thermoelectric generators (GPHS-RTGs) was extended to accommodate the new mission scenarios. As in the original safety program, the objectives were to determine the response of the GPHS-RTG to the various postulated accident environments and to determine the risk (if any) associated with these postulated accidents. The extended GPHS-RTG safety program was successfully completed in sufficient time to prepare an updated Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) with revisions for the October 1989 launch of the Galileo spacecraft.

Bennett, Gary L.; Bradshaw, C. T.; Englehart, Richard W.; Bartram, Bart W.; Cull, Theresa A.; Zocher, Roy W.; Eck, Marshall B.; Mukunda, Meera; Brenza, Peter T.; Chan, Chris C.

1992-01-01

170

Biological Safety General Biosafety  

E-print Network

is loosely taped so that steam can enter through the bag opening or add water so steam is generated insideTest it - Make sure to intermittently test the efficacy of your autoclave runs by using chemical steam Example of a Chemical Integrator to test whether steam reached the strip (no incubation needed) Example

Pawlowski, Wojtek

171

Work Practice Simulation of Complex Human-Automation Systems in Safety Critical Situations: The Brahms Generalized berlingen Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The transition from the current air traffic system to the next generation air traffic system will require the introduction of new automated systems, including transferring some functions from air traffic controllers to on­-board automation. This report describes a new design verification and validation (V&V) methodology for assessing aviation safety. The approach involves a detailed computer simulation of work practices that includes people interacting with flight-critical systems. The research is part of an effort to develop new modeling and verification methodologies that can assess the safety of flight-critical systems, system configurations, and operational concepts. The 2002 Ueberlingen mid-air collision was chosen for analysis and modeling because one of the main causes of the accident was one crew's response to a conflict between the instructions of the air traffic controller and the instructions of TCAS, an automated Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System on-board warning system. It thus furnishes an example of the problem of authority versus autonomy. It provides a starting point for exploring authority/autonomy conflict in the larger system of organization, tools, and practices in which the participants' moment-by-moment actions take place. We have developed a general air traffic system model (not a specific simulation of Überlingen events), called the Brahms Generalized Ueberlingen Model (Brahms-GUeM). Brahms is a multi-agent simulation system that models people, tools, facilities/vehicles, and geography to simulate the current air transportation system as a collection of distributed, interactive subsystems (e.g., airports, air-traffic control towers and personnel, aircraft, automated flight systems and air-traffic tools, instruments, crew). Brahms-GUeM can be configured in different ways, called scenarios, such that anomalous events that contributed to the Überlingen accident can be modeled as functioning according to requirements or in an anomalous condition, as occurred during the accident. Brahms-GUeM thus implicitly defines a class of scenarios, which include as an instance what occurred at Überlingen. Brahms-GUeM is a modeling framework enabling "what if" analysis of alternative work system configurations and thus facilitating design of alternative operations concepts. It enables subsequent adaption (reusing simulation components) for modeling and simulating NextGen scenarios. This project demonstrates that BRAHMS provides the capacity to model the complexity of air transportation systems, going beyond idealized and simple flights to include for example the interaction of pilots and ATCOs. The research shows clearly that verification and validation must include the entire work system, on the one hand to check that mechanisms exist to handle failures of communication and alerting subsystems and/or failures of people to notice, comprehend, or communicate problematic (unsafe) situations; but also to understand how people must use their own judgment in relating fallible systems like TCAS to other sources of information and thus to evaluate how the unreliability of automation affects system safety. The simulation shows in particular that distributed agents (people and automated systems) acting without knowledge of each others' actions can create a complex, dynamic system whose interactive behavior is unexpected and is changing too quickly to comprehend and control.

Clancey, William J.; Linde, Charlotte; Seah, Chin; Shafto, Michael

2013-01-01

172

Use of the Precaution Adoption Process Model to examine predictors of osteoprotective behavior in epilepsy.  

PubMed

In the neurology literature it is well established that anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) lead to bone loss (osteopenia and osteoporosis). Several large epidemiologic studies have found twice the fracture rate in persons with epilepsy compared to the non-epilepsy population. While an increasing level of awareness for preventative measures and screening by neurologists and primary care physicians are recommended, so far no one has attempted to address how knowledge related to calcium and exercise, health beliefs (based on the Health Belief Model) and self-efficacy (confidence in abilities) impact osteoprotective behaviors in epilepsy, based on the Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM). The seven-stage PAPM, unlike other health behavior theories where a person is either practicing or not practicing the behavior, conceptualizes behavior change as dynamic and occurring over time. Validated instruments were used to assess knowledge, health beliefs, self-efficacy and stages of the precaution adoption process for four osteoprotective behaviors. For dietary calcium; exercise knowledge and calcium self-efficacy predicted higher stages of precaution adoption. For calcium supplements; age perceived susceptibility for osteoporosis and perceived benefits of calcium predicted higher stages. Exercise adoption stage was most predicted by exercise knowledge and health motivation. For DEXA screening adoption; age and perceived susceptibility predicted higher stages. This study provides hints how persons with epilepsy could be influenced to move from the unaware/unengaged positions into to the stages of adoption and maintenance for osteoprotective behaviors. PMID:17446092

Elliott, John O; Seals, Brenda F; Jacobson, Mercedes P

2007-07-01

173

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health General Industry Occupational Exposure Databases: Their Structure, Capabilities, and Limitations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The passage of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 resulted in increased concern for the safety and health of workers in the United States. Early in 1971, a Hazard and Disease Task Force, formed by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, identified a need for more detailed information on the distribution of potential exposures of employees in

Alice Greife; Randy Young; Mary Carroll; W. Karl Sieber; David Pedersen; David Sundin; Joe Seta

1995-01-01

174

Travel Precautions  

MedlinePLUS

... medical care is rudimentary or where knowledge of cardiomyopathy is limited. The same considerations apply to traveling ... TOP OF PAGE Disclaimer & Privacy Policy © 2014 Children's Cardiomyopathy Foundation. All Rights Reserved. For more information, visit ...

175

76 FR 14980 - BOEMRE Information Collection Activity: 1010-0185, Increased Safety Measures for Oil and Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...regulations under 30 CFR 250, ``Increased Safety Measures for Oil and...INFORMATION: Title: 30 CFR 250, Increased Safety Measures for Oil and...precautions, and other techniques sufficient to prevent or minimize...Interior's report entitled, ``Increased Safety Measures for...

2011-03-18

176

Scope on Safety: Responsible use of live animals in the classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Keeping live animals in the classroom or laboratory makes science come alive for students. The use of animals in the classroom or laboratory is highly encouraged, providing appropriate care and safety are addressed. This article addresses appropriate safety precautions and describes the types of animals that are suitable for classrooms.

Roy, Ken

2004-07-01

177

3 CFR 9017 - Proclamation 9017 of September 13, 2013. National Farm Safety and Health Week, 2013  

...National Farm Safety and Health Week, we celebrate...comprehensive farm safety and health programs, take precautions...driving rural roadways with care, and I ask communities...needs in setting up health facilities and emergency...THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of...

2014-01-01

178

Site Safety Plan for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory CERCLA investigations  

SciTech Connect

The safety policy of LLNL is to take every reasonable precaution in the performance of work to protect the environment and the health and safety of employees and the public, and to prevent property damage. With respect to hazardous agents, this protection is provided by limiting human exposures, releases to the environment, and contamination of property to levels that are as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA). It is the intent of this Plan to supply the broad outline for completing environmental investigations within ALARA guidelines. It may not be possible to determine actual working conditions in advance of the work; therefore, planning must allow the opportunity to provide a range of protection based upon actual working conditions. Requirements will be the least restrictive possible for a given set of circumstances, such that work can be completed in an efficient and timely fashion. Due to the relatively large size of the LLNL Site and the different types of activities underway, site-specific Operational Safety Procedures (OSPs) will be prepared to supplement activities not covered by this Plan. These site-specific OSPs provide the detailed information for each specific activity and act as an addendum to this Plan, which provides the general plan for LLNL Main Site operation.

Bainer, R.; Duarte, J.

1993-07-01

179

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY  

E-print Network

Education Occupational Health and Safety Division 424-5400 or 1-800-952-2687 (Phone) 424-5640 (Fax) http://novascotia.ca/lae/ (Web) #12;1 HEALTH AND SAFETY IN NOVA SCOTIA In 1996, Nova Scotia introduced a revised Occupational Fire Safety Act and Regulations First Aid Occupational General Safety Occupational Health and Safety

Brownstone, Rob

180

Risk perception and precautions taken by health care workers for HIV infection in haemodialysis units in Egypt.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional study was made in 32 haemodialysis units in the the Nile delta, Egypt to evaluate knowledge and practices towards risk of HIV infection by 317 health care workers. Exposure to needle-stick injury was reported by 48.6% in the previous year. Significantly more workers in government units than in private units had good knowledge of bloodborne infections, universal blood precautions and safe disposal of contaminated items, and recognized asymptomatic HIV patients as a risk. Previous training, but not years of experience, influenced knowledge. Despite good knowledge, the performance of health workers was poor for universal blood precautions, and was worse in private haemodialysis units. PMID:17684860

Kabbash, I A; El-Sayed, N M; Al-Nawawy, A N; Abou Salem, M El-S; El-Deek, B; Hassan, N M

2007-01-01

181

Development of U.S. Government General Technical Requirements for UAS Flight Safety Systems Utilizing the Iridium Satellite Constellation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the development of technical requirements for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) utilization of the Iridium Satellite Constellation to provide flight safety. The Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) required an over-the-horizon communication standard to guarantee flight safety before permitting widespread UAS flights in the National Air Space (NAS). This is important to ensure reliable control of UASs during loss-link and over-the-horizon scenarios. The core requirement was to utilize a satellite system to send GPS tracking data and other telemetry from a flight vehicle down to the ground. Iridium was chosen as the system because it is one of the only true satellite systems that has world wide coverage, and the service has a highly reliable link margin. The Iridium system, the flight modems, and the test flight are described.

Murray, Jennifer; Birr, Richard

2010-01-01

182

Risk management and precaution: insights on the cautious use of evidence.  

PubMed Central

Risk management, done well, should be inherently precautionary. Adopting an appropriate degree of precaution with respect to feared health and environmental hazards is fundamental to risk management. The real problem is in deciding how precautionary to be in the face of inevitable uncertainties, demanding that we understand the equally inevitable false positives and false negatives from screening evidence. We consider a framework for detection and judgment of evidence of well-characterized hazards, using the concepts of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value that are well established for medical diagnosis. Our confidence in predicting the likelihood of a true danger inevitably will be poor for rare hazards because of the predominance of false positives; failing to detect a true danger is less likely because false negatives must be rarer than the danger itself. Because most controversial environmental hazards arise infrequently, this truth poses a dilemma for risk management. PMID:14527835

Hrudey, Steve E; Leiss, William

2003-01-01

183

Precautions to be taken by radiologists and radiographers when prescribing hyoscine-N-butylbromide.  

PubMed

Hyoscine-N-butylbromide (Buscopan, Boehringer Ingelheim) is a widely used antispasmodic in radiological practice. There seems to be no consensus as to best practice within radiology regarding the precautions that need to be taken when prescribing Buscopan. We have performed a thorough review of the available literature and make the following recommendations to those administering Buscopan: (1) enquire whether there is an allergic history; (2) ensure patient literature warns that "in the rare event that following the examination you develop painful, blurred vision in one or both eyes, you must attend hospital immediately for assessment"; (3) warn patients to expect blurred vision and not to drive until this has worn off; (4) remind clinicians that special consideration needs to be given as to the method of investigating patients with cardiac instability, such as those recently admitted with acute coronary syndrome, recurrent cardiac pain at rest, uncontrolled left ventricular failure and recent ventricular arrhythmias. PMID:18555031

Dyde, R; Chapman, A H; Gale, R; Mackintosh, A; Tolan, D J M

2008-07-01

184

Factors influencing nurses' compliance with Standard Precautions in order to avoid occupational exposure to microorganisms: A focus group study  

PubMed Central

Background Nurses may acquire an infection during the provision of nursing care because of occupational exposure to microorganisms. Relevant literature reports that, compliance with Standard Precautions (a set of guidelines that can protect health care professionals from being exposed to microorganisms) is low among nurses. Additionally, high rates of exposure to microorganisms among nurses via several modes (needlesticks, hand contamination with blood, exposure to air-transmitted microorganisms) occur. The aim of the study was to study the factors that influence nurses' compliance with Standard Precaution in order to avoid occupational exposure to pathogens, by employing a qualitative research design. Method A focus group approach was used to explore the issue under study. Four focus groups (N = 30) were organised to elicit nurses' perception of the factors that influence their compliance with Standard Precautions. The Health Belief Model (HBM) was used as the theoretical framework and the data were analysed according to predetermined criteria. Results Following content analysis, factors that influence nurses' compliance emerged. Most factors could be applied to one of the main domains of the HBM: benefits, barriers, severity, susceptibility, cues to action, and self-efficacy. Conclusions Changing current behavior requires knowledge of the factors that may influence nurses' compliance with Standard Precautions. This knowledge will facilitate in the implementation of programs and preventive actions that contribute in avoiding of occupational exposure. PMID:21255419

2011-01-01

185

Journal of European Public Policy 11:1 February 2004: 78105 All talk, little action: precaution and  

E-print Network

Journal of European Public Policy 11:1 February 2004: 78­105 All talk, little action: precaution the precautionary principle as a key guiding principle to achieve more effective policy-making on risks, by moving real effect on European policy- making and regulations is more unclear. This article examines whether

Selin, Noelle Eckley

186

Engineer Ethics Education that Treated Safety Problem to Promote Development of General Human Competence and Independent Engineer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The human race came to expect the engineer?s international activity by an international extension of the risk. The engineer should provide with “Overall ability” and “Independent ability” to answer the demand of the society. The engineer ethics education is effective to the acquisition of the ability that the society demands. Because the engineer ethics education teaches the engineer to develop “Ethics action as the individual” to “Ethics activity as the enterprise” . In the point of development of the comprehensive capacity, it can be said that the engineer ethics education is training that supports the action power that accomplishes the social responsibility. However, it is easy to make the engineer ethics education a polite fiction. Then, we propose to take the safety problem to the ethics education for the prevention of making to the polite fiction of the education.

Hotta, Genji

187

Missouri Elementary Science Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this safety manual is to provide a resource to help manage and minimize potential risks in science classrooms where students spend up to 60% of instructional time engaged in hands-on activities. Information on general laboratory safety, science equipment safety, safety with plants, safety with animals, safety with chemicals, field…

Lemons, Judith L.

188

Fire Safety Fire Safety  

E-print Network

Fire Safety Guidelines Fire Safety Guidelines Department of Environmental Health and Safety 2809;#12;3 The mission of Environmental Health and Safety's (EH&S) fire safety program is to provide a proactive fire, staff and visitors. This mis- sion is addressed through a comprehensive effort of fire safety education

Lin, Zhiqun

189

Working with Carbon Tetrachloride According to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) special precautions  

E-print Network

), organic vapor or powered air purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridges, and appropriate lab handled by adding water and placing paper towels on top. The paper towels will then be placed not recap or bend needles Clean areas where CCl4 has been handled using water and placing paper towels

Cui, Yan

190

Adverse outcomes associated with contact precautions: A review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Background Contact Precautions (CP) are a standard method for preventing patient-to-patient transmission of multiple drug-resistant organisms (MDROs) in hospital settings. With the ongoing worldwide concern for MDROs including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and broadened use of active surveillance programs, an increasing number of patients are being placed on CP. Whereas few would argue that CP are an important tool in infection control, many reports and small studies have observed worse noninfectious outcomes in patients on CP. However, no review of this literature exists. Methods We systematically reviewed the literature describing adverse outcomes associated with CP. We identified 15 studies published between 1989 and 2008 relating to adverse outcomes from CP. Nine were higher quality based on standardized collection of data and/or inclusion of control groups. Results Four main adverse outcomes related to CP were identified in this review. These included less patient-health care worker contact, changes in systems of care that produce delays and more noninfectious adverse events, increased symptoms of depression and anxiety, and decreased patient satisfaction with care. Conclusion Although CP are recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as an intervention to control spread of MDROs, our review of the literature demonstrates that this approach has unintended consequences that are potentially deleterious to the patient. Measures to ameliorate these deleterious consequences of CP are urgently needed. PMID:19249637

Morgan, Daniel J.; Diekema, Daniel J.; Sepkowitz, Kent; Perencevich, Eli N.

2013-01-01

191

HIV-Related Avoidance and Universal Precaution in Medical Settings: Opportunities to Intervene  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the association between adherence to universal precaution (UP) and avoidance attitudes toward patients living with HIV/AIDS (PLH) among service providers. Data Sources/Setting A total of 1,760 health service providers were randomly selected from 40 county hospitals in two provinces of China. Study Design A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect demographic characteristics, UP knowledge and training, UP adherence, availability of UP supplies at work, and avoidance attitudes toward PLH in a cross-sectional survey. Data Analysis A series of regression models were used to examine associations among the UP-related factors and their relationship to avoidance attitudes toward PLH. Principal Findings UP training was associated with better knowledge of and adherence to UP and perceived availability of UP supplies in hospitals. UP training, knowledge, and adherence were significantly associated with avoidance attitudes toward PLH in medical practice. Being a nurse was also related to HIV-related avoidance. Conclusion UP promotion campaigns, including in-service training and reinforcement of UP adherence, could play an important role in the battle against HIV-related avoidance in medical settings. Intervention programs should focus on not only individual providers' attitudes and behaviors but also on structural support for norms shifts in the medical community. PMID:21029091

Li, Li; Lin, Chunqing; Wu, Zunyou; Guan, Jihui; Jia, Manhong; Yan, Zhihua

2011-01-01

192

The Impact of Precaution and Practice on the Performance of a Risky Motor Task  

PubMed Central

The association between threat perception and motor execution, mediated by evolved precaution systems, often results in ritual-like behavior, including many idiosyncratic acts that seem irrelevant to the task at hand. This study tested the hypothesis that threat-detection during performance of a risky motor task would result in idiosyncratic activity that is not necessary for task completion. We asked biology students to follow a particular set of instructions in mixing three solutions labeled “bio-hazardous” and then repeat this operation with “non-hazardous” substances (or vice versa). We observed a longer duration of the overall performance, a greater repertoire of acts, longer maximal act duration, and longer mean duration of acts in the “risky” task when it was performed before the “non-risky” task. Some, but not all, of these differences were eliminated when a “non-risky” task preceded the “risky” one. The increased performance of idiosyncratic unnecessary activity is in accordance with the working hypothesis of the present study: ritualized idiosyncratic activities are performed in response to a real or illusionary threat, as a means to alleviate anxiety. PMID:25379241

Keren, Hila; Boyer, Pascal; Mort, Joel; Eilam, David

2013-01-01

193

Potential complications and precautions in vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis: a retrospective study of 40 patients.  

PubMed

The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the outcome of 44 cases of vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis (ADO) and to investigate the complications, precautions, and treatment associated with ADO. The 44 alveolar distractions were performed on 40 patients. Extraosseous distraction was used in all cases. Complications associated with the intraoperative, postoperative, distraction, and consolidation periods were recorded and evaluated. Intraoperative complications were noted in two patients (4.5%) where fracture of the basal bone was evident. Three (6.8%) complications were recorded postoperatively, and 12 (27.3%) complications were recorded during the activation period. During the consolidation period, 4.5% of the patients (n = 2) were affected. The total prevalence of complications was 43.2% (n = 19), and the success rate of the ADO was 95.5%. Most complications occurred in the anterior mandibular region. Although complications associated with vertical ADO were not rare, the use of this procedure for maxillofacial defects results in satisfactory outcomes. Early diagnosis and management of related complications are crucial for increasing the success rate of ADO procedures. PMID:23375448

Ugurlu, Faysal; Sener, B Cem; Dergin, Guhan; Garip, Hasan

2013-10-01

194

Precautions in medical care of, and in handling materials from, patients with transmissible virus dementia (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease).  

PubMed

We have formulated a series of precautions to be observed in caring for patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and in handling their tissues. The virus resists inactivation by simple boiling in water. Also ineffective are 10 per cent formalin, 70 per cent alcohol and ionizing and ultraviolet radiation. Autoclaving for one hour at 121 degrees C and 20 psi inactivates the agent completely. Five per cent hypochlorite, 0.03 per cent permanganate, phenolics and iodine solutions are adequate disinfectants inactivating large infective doses of the virus. Special isolation wards for afflicted patients seem unwarranted. Workers exposed to infected saliva, nasopharyngeal secretions, urine or feces need to and should wash thoroughly with ordinary soap. Needles and needle electrodes should be autoclaved or incinerated and discarded. Demented persons should not be used for donations of blood or other tissues. Although precautions are necessary, the epidemiologic evidence does not suggest an unusual risk of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease for medical workers. PMID:335248

Gajdusek, D C; Gibbs, C J; Asher, D M; Brown, P; Diwan, A; Hoffman, P; Nemo, G; Rohwer, R; White, L

1977-12-01

195

Risk and safety concerns in anesthesiology practice: The present perspective  

PubMed Central

Newer developments and advancements in anesthesiology, surgical, and medical fields have widened the functional scope of anesthesiologist thus increasing his professional responsibilities and obligations. While at workplace, anesthesiologist is exposed to a wide array of potential hazards that can be detrimental to his overall health. Numerous risks and safety concerns have been mentioned in the literature, but the magnitude of challenges in anesthesiology practice are far greater than those cited and anticipated. Many times these challenging situations are unavoidable and the attending anesthesiologist has to deal with them on an individual basis. These hazards not only affect the general health but can be extremely threatening in various other ways that can increase the potential risks of morbidity and mortality. This article is an attempt to bring a general awareness among anesthesia fraternity about the various health hazards associated with anesthesia practice. Also, a genuine attempt has been made to enumerate the various preventive methods and precautions that should be adopted to make practice of anesthesiology safe and smooth.

Bajwa, Sukhminder Jit Singh; Kaur, Jasbir

2012-01-01

196

POLICY ON THE SAFETY OF CHILDREN ON UNIVERSITY PREMISES  

E-print Network

of effective supervision by a responsible adult and a suitable and sufficient risk assessment having been to children (this might include swimming pools and sports facilities). d) Organised educational visits of buildings and the precautions to prevent accidents and injuries within the University have in general been

197

Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 3: Motorcycle Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 3 of the 19-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) concentrates on aspects of motorcycle safety. The purpose and specific objectives of a State motorcycle safety program are outlined. Federal authority in the highway safety area and general policies…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

198

Advanced Concepts Test (ACT) facility. Summary safety report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a test of a water-conserving way of cooling thermal power plants, a large-scale test of dry/wet cooling using the ammonia phase-change system, designated the Advanced Concepts Test (ACT), is being constructed at Pacific Gas and Electric Company's Kern Station at Bakersfield. A summary of the safety analyses and considerations that have been done for the facility is presented. These show that the ACT facility is an industrially safe system, and that the safety precautions taken assure that no one will be injured during the course of the testing. The application of industrial codes, safety management, an operational and emergency procedures is discussed.

Allemann, R. T.

1981-07-01

199

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Safety Shoes  

E-print Network

NOT 1 Shoes, safety (men's high top) A-A-1890 NOT 1 Shoes, electrical hazard protective (men's safety) A, electrical hazard productive men's safety Links: Occupational Safety and Health Administration wwwSafety First Safety Last Safety Always Safety Shoes and Boots Safety Tip #21 Don't let your day

Minnesota, University of

200

Revitalizing Nuclear Safety Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers the general issues involved in nuclear safety research and points out the areas needing detailed consideration. Topics included are: (1) "Principles of Nuclear Safety Research" (examining who should fund, who should conduct, and who should set the agenda for nuclear safety research); (2) "Elements of a Future Agenda for Nuclear…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

201

Safety of intraoperative transcranial electrical stimulation motor evoked potential monitoring.  

PubMed

This article reviews intraoperative transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) motor evoked potential (MEP) monitoring safety based on comparison with other clinical and experimental brain stimulation methods and clinical experience in more than 15000 cases. Comparative analysis indicates that brain damage and kindling are highly unlikely. There have been remarkably few adverse events. Pulse train TES-induced or coincidental seizures (n = 5) are rare, probably because of very brief (<0.03 second) stimuli, anesthesia, and the general absence of predisposing cerebral conditions. Soft bite blocks may prevent tongue or lip laceration (n = 29) or mandibular fracture (n = 1). Rare cardiac arrhythmia (n = 5) and intraoperative awareness (n = 1) may be coincidental. Minor scalp burns (n = 2) are rare. Although possible, no spinal epidural recording electrode complications or injuries resulting from TES-induced movement were found. There have been no recognized adverse neuropsychological effects, headaches, or endocrine disturbances. Comprehensive relative contraindications include epilepsy, cortical lesions, convexity skull defects, raised intracranial pressure, cardiac disease, proconvulsant medications or anesthetics, intracranial electrodes, vascular clips or shunts, and cardiac pacemakers or other implanted biomedical devices. Otherwise unexplained intraoperative seizures and possibly arrhythmias are indications to abort TES. With appropriate precautions in expert hands, the well-established benefits of TES MEP monitoring decidedly outweigh the associated risks. PMID:12477987

MacDonald, David B

2002-10-01

202

Lab Safety Tips Most labs are relatively safe from serious hazards; however, we should not be lulled into thinking that  

E-print Network

regarding the proper operation of this equipment. Always note any safety precautions which are mentioned appropriate clothing. This includes closed-toe shoes and some type of protective apron or lab coat if you an instructor is present or after hours only with permission of the instructor. Performance of unauthorized

de Lijser, Peter

203

Child Development Associate Training Program. Unit I: Health and Safety in the Classroom. Module 4: Nutrition for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of an adequate diet in a child's growth and development is the topic of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module. The material emphasizes different nutrients, their food sources and their availability through a variety and combination of different foods. Correct food handling, as well as safety precautions and the…

Philadelphia Community Coll., PA.

204

1400.1 Environmental Health and Safety Policy Statement Purpose To emphasize Rensselaer's commitment to ensure a safe and  

E-print Network

. It is the policy of Rensselaer to exercise all reasonable precautions necessary to protect faculty, staff of the President's Cabinet. Procedure All employees are expected to take an active role in promoting workplace participate with faculty and staff in ongoing health and safety program activities, including: (1)promoting

Linhardt, Robert J.

205

Safety: Amc Safety Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual, in its several sections, sets forth established Ordnance Corps safety rules and regulations. Information concerning the hazards of explosives and ammunition is also included. The safety rules and regulations set forth in this manual prescribe...

1964-01-01

206

Challenging patient safety culture: survey results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to measure patient safety culture in five Belgian general hospitals. Safety culture plays an important role in the approach towards greater patient safety in hospitals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The Patient Safety Culture Hospital questionnaire was distributed hospital-wide in five general hospitals. It evaluates ten patient safety culture dimensions and two outcomes. The scores

Johan Hellings; Ward Schrooten; Niek Klazinga; Arthur Vleugels

2007-01-01

207

Comparative efficacy and safety of the Ambu(®) AuraOnce(™) laryngeal mask airway during general anaesthesia in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  

PubMed

Previous comparisons between the Ambu(®) AuraOnce(™) and other laryngeal mask airways have revealed different results across various clinical studies. We aimed to perform a systematic review with meta-analysis on the efficacy and safety of the AuraOnce compared with other laryngeal mask airways for airway maintenance in adults undergoing general anaesthesia. Our search of PubMed, PubMed Central, Scopus and the Central Register of Clinical Trials of the Cochrane Collaboration yielded nine randomised controlled trials eligible for inclusion. Comparator laryngeal mask airways were the LMA Unique(™) (four trials), the LMA Classic(®) (five trials) and the Portex(®) Soft Seal(®) (three trials). The AuraOnce provided an oropharyngeal leak pressure higher than the LMA Unique (304 participants, mean (95% CI) difference 3.1 (1.6-4.7) cmH2 O, p < 0.0001) and equivalent to the LMA Classic. The Soft Seal provided a higher leak pressure than the AuraOnce (229 participants, mean (95% CI) difference 3.5 (0.4-6.7) cmH2 O, p = 0.03). Insertion was significantly faster with the AuraOnce than the LMA Unique (304 participants, mean (95% CI) difference 5.4 (2.1-8.71) s, p = 0.001) and Soft Seal (229 participants, mean (95% CI) difference 9.5 (3.0-15.9) s, p = 0.004), but similar to the LMA Classic. The first-insertion success rate of the AuraOnce was equivalent to the LMA Unique, LMA Classic and Soft Seal. We found a higher likelihood of bloodstaining on the cuff with the Soft Seal and a higher incidence of sore throat with the LMA Classic. We conclude that the AuraOnce is an effective alternative to the LMA Classic and LMA Unique, and easier to insert than all three other devices studied. PMID:24801012

Baidya, D K; Chandralekha; Darlong, V; Pandey, R; Maitra, S; Khanna, P

2014-09-01

208

Special report. The new TB epidemic hits hospitals: causes, transmission, precautions.  

PubMed

Once considered a disease of the past, tuberculosis (TB) is spreading rapidly throughout the United States, with a particular concentration in hospitals located in major urban centers. Of special concern to health care professionals are the growing number of cases of employees and patients who have become infected with hospital-based TB in the last year. Even more alarming is the appearance of a new, deadly, multidrug-resistant (MDR) strain of the disease. In this report, directed at hospital safety and risk managers, we will cover how tuberculosis is spread throughout hospitals; who is susceptible; and what infection control procedures, safety equipment, and inservice education are recommended by experts. We'll also detail the infection control methods in use at the National Jewish Center for Immunology and Respiratory Medicine, Denver, CO--the hospital considered to have the highest standard in the nation of tuberculosis treatment and control. PMID:10128719

1992-05-01

209

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS SAFETY AND EMERGENCY  

E-print Network

Electrical Safety Guidelines #41 What You Should Know to Protect Your Wrists from Injury #46 Lifting #54DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS SAFETY AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES MANUAL #12;INTRODUCTION This manual has been............................................................................................................1 II. General Safety Rules

Liu, Kai

210

MRI Safety Grand Challenge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are given an engineering challenge: A nearby hospital has just installed a new magnetic resonance imaging facility that has the capacity to make 3D images of the brain and other body parts by exposing patients to a strong magnetic field. The hospital wishes for its entire staff to have a clear understanding of the risks involved in working near a strong magnetic field and a basic understanding of why those risks occur. Your task is to develop a presentation or pamphlet explaining the risks, the physics behind those risks, and the safety precautions to be taken by all staff members. This 10-lesson/4-activity unit was designed to provide hands-on activities to teach end-of-year electricity and magnetism topics to a first-year accelerated or AP physics class. Students learn about and then apply the following science concepts to solve the challenge: magnetic force, magnetic moments and torque, the Biot-Savart law, Ampere's law and Faraday's law. This module is built around the Legacy Cycle, a format that incorporates findings from educational research on how people best learn.

Vu Bioengineering Ret Program

211

Resource Burden Associated with Contact Precautions for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus: The Patient Access Managers' Perspective  

PubMed Central

We surveyed Patient Access Managers on the impact of Contact Precautions (CP) for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) on time-to-bed-assignment, and investigated the factors influencing infection control policies allowing for discontinuation of CP. The majority of respondents reported an increase in time-to-bed-assignment for MRSA/VRE patients. PMID:22759555

Shenoy, Erica S.; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Lee, Hang; Orcutt, Benjamin; Hooper, David C.

2012-01-01

212

Safety Guide for Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook is intended to be utilized by health occupations teachers as supplementary instructional materials for a unit on safety. The document contains general safety rules applicable to hospitals and other health care institutions. Outlined are general rules for fire safety and office and clerical safety and more specific rules for the…

Illinois State Board of Vocational Education and Rehabilitation, Springfield. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

213

CONSUMER ATTITUDES TOWARD ISSUES IN FOOD SAFETY  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The objectives of this study were to evaluate consumer,attitudes regard- ing the safety of the food supply, relate food safety concern levels with groups of specific items, regulatory issues and prioritization of food safety funding areas, and to evaluate attitudes and behaviors toward specific food safety issues. As general level of concern with food safety increased, so did concern

M. S. BREWER; M. ROJAS

2008-01-01

214

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Flight safety limits analysis. 417.213 Section...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Flight Safety Analysis § 417.213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General....

2010-01-01

215

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Flight safety limits analysis. 417.213 Section...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Flight Safety Analysis § 417.213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General....

2011-01-01

216

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Flight safety limits analysis. 417.213 Section...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Flight Safety Analysis § 417.213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General....

2012-01-01

217

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Flight safety limits analysis. 417.213 Section...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Flight Safety Analysis § 417.213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General....

2013-01-01

218

Nuclear-fuel-cycle education: Module 6. Criticality safety  

SciTech Connect

This educational module on criticality safety has chapters devoted to: fundamentals of nuclear criticality safety, nuclear criticality safety experience base, tools for criticality evaluation, subcritical limits, regulation and related impacts, the general practice of nuclear criticality safety, and plant applications.

Knief, R.

1981-12-01

219

Traffic Safety Facts: Pedestrians  

MedlinePLUS

... mail address: ncsaweb@dot.gov. General information on highway traffic safety can be accessed by Internet users ... cross. n Stay off of freeways, restricted-access highways and other pedestrian-prohibited roadways. n Be visible ...

220

Pharmacovigilance as a tool for safety and monitoring: a review of general issues and the specific challenges with end-stage renal failure patients.  

PubMed

Pharmacovigilance is instrumental in helping to ensure patient safety for both newly released drugs and those that are well established in the market. However, while pharmacovigilance procedures are strictly regulated in the clinical trial setting, post-marketing adverse event reporting is not well implemented or enforced. As such, the underreporting of adverse events, in relation to drugs that are on the market, is estimated to be in the region of 90%. The identification of drug safety issues in patients with complex diseases and extensive comorbidities is therefore particularly challenging. Dialysis patients - those with end-stage renal disease and often other comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease - are a population with significant treatment challenges. Patients receive dialysis using complex medical devices (eg, a peritoneal dialysis home cycler) and also receive a range of pharmaceutical agents as part of dialysis itself (eg, peritoneal dialysis solutions). Many of the pharmaceutical agents used to treat these patients have been developed in populations without these complications and, therefore, an extensive knowledge of potential problems and contraindications in the dialysis population is lacking. It is important that the nephrology community understands the concept of pharmacovigilance - the pharmacologic science relating to the detection, assessment, understanding, and prevention of adverse effects, particularly long-term and short-term side effects, of medicines. Health care professionals (HCPs) and providers, pharmaceutical companies, global regulatory agencies, and the patients themselves all play unique and critical roles in this process. This review defines the science of pharmacovigilance and the process of adverse event reporting, highlights the new directions that pharmacovigilance has taken, and provides insight for HCPs managing dialysis patients into the important role that they play in helping to shape the understanding of a drug's safety profile in order to continually enhance patient safety. PMID:23637559

Jacob, Dalia; Marrón, Belén; Ehrlich, Jay; Rutherford, Peter A

2013-01-01

221

SAFETY PROCEDURE & GUIDELINES SUBJECT: Health and Safety Training  

E-print Network

: Occupational Health and Safety 1. PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES The purpose of this procedure Occupational Health and Safety develops and delivers general training through courses, hands- on training. To get information on other training, contract Occupational Health and Safety. For contact information

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

222

Bicycle safety  

MedlinePLUS

... And-Facts.aspx. Accessed August 27, 2013. National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration. Bicycles. Available at: http:// ... nhtsa.gov/Bicycles. Accessed August 27, 2013. National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration. Kids and bicycle safety. ...

223

Toolbox Safety Talk Excavation Safety  

E-print Network

Toolbox Safety Talk Excavation Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Excavations are recognized as one of the most hazardous operations in the construction industry. Excavation cave-ins can cause serious and often fatal injuries

Pawlowski, Wojtek

224

UNBC SAFETY CHECKLIST SAFETY CHECKLIST  

E-print Network

-45 and Criminal Code section 217.1, WorkSafeBC Occupational Health & Safety Regulations (OHSR): 31 UNBC SAFETY CHECKLIST SAFETY CHECKLIST INSTRUCTIONS PAGE Please use the following table below needs, contact the Risk & Safety Department at 250-960- (5530) for further instructions. This safety

Northern British Columbia, University of

225

SAFETY IN THE CHEMICAL LABORATORY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MONTHLY ARTICLES ON LABORATORY SAFETY THAT APPEARED IN THE "JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION" BETWEEN JANUARY 1964, AND JANUARY 1967, ARE COMBINED IN THIS MANUAL FOR HIGH SCHOOL AND COLLEGE CHEMISTRY TEACHERS. A GENERAL SECTION DEALS WITH (1) RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACCIDENT PREVENTION, (2) SAFETY CONSIDERATION IN RESEARCH PROPOSALS, (3) A SAFETY

STEERE, NORMAN V.

226

Environmental Health and Safety Assessment  

E-print Network

Environmental Health and Safety Assessment Program Manual 7/15/2013 #12;Environmental Health/26/2013. The most recent version of this document is available electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/env/general-environmental-management/environmental-health-and-safety.........................................................................................................................4 #12;Environmental Health and Safety Assessment Program Manual Approved by: (Barb English) Last

Pawlowski, Wojtek

227

Environmental Health and Safety's Laboratory Safety Trainings Title of Training Description Required Training  

E-print Network

Environmental Health and Safety's Laboratory Safety Trainings Title of Training Description Required Training if: Refresher Training is Required Access to Training Contact Info: General Laboratory Safety (Includes Fire Safety, Hazardous Waste and Right to Know) This training is an overview of general

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

228

Safety relevant knowledge of orally anticoagulated patients without self-monitoring: a baseline survey in primary care  

PubMed Central

Background Effective and safe management of oral anticoagulant treatment (OAT) requires a high level of patient knowledge and adherence. The aim of this study was to assess patient knowledge about OAT and factors associated with patient knowledge. Methods This is a baseline survey of a cluster-randomized controlled trial in 22 general practices with an educational intervention for patients or their caregivers. We assessed knowledge about general information on OAT and key facts regarding nutrition, drug-interactions and other safety precautions of 345 patients at baseline. Results Participants rated their knowledge about OAT as excellent to good (56%), moderate (36%) or poor (8%). However, there was a discrepancy between self-rated knowledge and evaluated actual knowledge and we observed serious knowledge gaps. Half of the participants (49%) were unaware of dietary recommendations. The majority (80%) did not know which non-prescription analgesic is the safest and 73% indicated they would not inform pharmacists about OAT. Many participants (35-75%) would not recognize important emergency situations. After adjustment in a multivariate analysis, older age and less than 10 years education remained significantly associated with lower overall score, but not with self-rated knowledge. Conclusions Patients have relevant knowledge gaps, potentially affecting safe and effective OAT. There is a need to assess patient knowledge and for structured education programs. Trial registration Deutsches Register Klinischer Studien (German Clinical Trials Register): DRKS00000586. Universal Trial Number (UTN U1111-1118-3464). PMID:24885192

2014-01-01

229

Herbal Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past decade, there has been an increased interest in herbal medicines and treatments, both from the mainstream medical community and the general public. One need look no further than the cold drink section of the local supermarket to see the various herbal supplements that are prominently displayed on many drink labels. In an effort to provide critical evaluations of these various herbs and related products, the University of Texas at El Paso has created this important website in order to disseminate information about research findings related to herbal use and to provide these findings in both English and Spanish. There are a number of very helpful fact sheets presented here, including those that the deal with such commonly used medicinal herbs and plants, such as ginseng, chamomile, pumpkin seeds, and St. John's Wort. The Herbal Safety site also contains information on recent medical studies that examine the effectiveness of such medicinal treatments.

230

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL  

E-print Network

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL Page 1 of 4 HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL Position: Quality & Safety and efficacy of our practice, reporting this data out to department clinicians, senior leadership and hospital hospital and department groups, exceptional interpersonal, communication, project organization, time

Adams, Mark

231

Precaution against postoperative venous complications after major hepatectomy using the pedicled omental transposition flap: Report of two cases  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Vascular complications following hepato-pancreatic biliary surgery can be devastating, and therefore precaution of them must be critical. We report two cases in which the pedicled omental transposition flap might be effective to avoid postoperative venous complications following major hepatectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE Case 1 is a 80-year-old male who required to perform re-laparotomy at postoperative day 1 following major hepatectomy due to acute portal venous thrombosis (PVT). In the second surgery, the main trunk of PV was occluded by thrombus resulted from its redundancy and kinking. PV was resected with an adequate length and reconstructed. The omental flap was placed between PV and inferior vena cava (IVC) to fill in the dead space, resulting in favorable intrahepatic portal blood flow. Case 2 is a 64-year-old male who underwent left trisectionectomy because of giant hepatocellular carcinoma located close to the trunk of right hepatic vein (RHV) and IVC. After removal of the specimens, the dead space developed between the RHV and IVC. In order to prevent outflow block caused by kinking of the RHV, the omental flap was placed between the RHV and IVC, and the right triangle ligament of the liver was fixed to the diaphragm. RHV patency was confirmed by postoperative imaging. DISCUSSION The omental flap is a simple procedure and useful to fill the dead space developed in the area surrounding major vessels. CONCLUSIONS We experienced two cases in which vascular complications might be avoided by filling the dead space surrounding major vessels using the omental flap. PMID:25194595

Narita, Masato; Matsusue, Ryo; Hata, Hiroaki; Yamaguchi, Takashi; Otani, Tetsushi; Ikai, Iwao

2014-01-01

232

Mental Health Care for Low-Income Minority Populations in General Health Safety Net Care Systems: A Need for Social Work Clinical Trial Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We identify the rapidly changing health care system as the backdrop and impetus for significant advances in the delivery of behavioral, psychosocial and mental health care within the general health care sector. Accompanying,this significant change is the demand,that this care be evidence-based as well as cost-effective, costneutral or of relatively modest cost; while complicating this change is growing diversity

Kathleen Ell; Pey-Jiuan Lee; Bin Xie

233

LASER SAFETY MANUAL 2012 RICE UNIVERSITY 1  

E-print Network

LASER SAFETY MANUAL 2012 RICE UNIVERSITY 1 Rice University Laser Safety Manual Environmental Health and Safety MS 123 P.O. Box 1892 Houston, TX 77251-1892 December 2012 #12;LASER SAFETY MANUAL 2012 RICE, and general procedures to aid those individuals working in the laser laboratory environment. It is intended

Natelson, Douglas

234

Precautions to Prevent Rabies  

MedlinePLUS

... is that they're bitten by a domestic animal that isn't available for testing. "They may see a cute dog or cat on the street that they try to pet, and it bites them and runs off," says ... rabies from wild animals, and then transmitting it to people. Even indoor ...

235

Safety Panel Resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this paper is to explore what resources are potentially available to safety panels and to provide some guidance on how to utilize those resources. While the examples used in this paper will concentrate on the Flight Equipment and Reliability Review Panel (FESRRP) and Extravehicular Activity (EVA) hardware that have come through that panel, as well as resources at Johnson Space Center, the paper will address how this applies to safety panels in general, and where possible cite examples for other safety panels.

Stewart, Christine E.

2008-01-01

236

ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, SAFETY CULTURE, AND SAFETY PERFORMANCE AT RESEARCH FACILITIES.  

SciTech Connect

Organizational culture surveys of research facilities conducted several years ago and archival occupational injury reports were used to determine whether differences in safety performance are related to general organizational factors or to ''safety culture'' as reflected in specific safety-related dimensions. From among the organizations surveyed, a pair of facilities was chosen that were similar in size and scientific mission while differing on indices of work-related injuries. There were reliable differences in organizational style between the facilities, especially among workers in environment, safety, and health functions; differences between the facilities (and among job categories) on the safety scale were more modest and less regular.

BROWN,W.S.

2000-07-30

237

Pedestrian Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... the statistics reported in 1994 by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Alcohol involvement - for driver or ... for this fact sheet came from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the National Safe Kids Campaign ...

238

Food safety  

MedlinePLUS

Food safety refers to the conditions and practices that preserve the quality of food to prevent contamination and ... Poor food handling and inadequate food safety can cause infection ... include stomach problems. Foodborne illness may be severe and ...

239

Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... More Information Health and Nutrition Information for Preschoolers Food Safety Preschoolers' immune systems are still developing. This makes ... That's why it's important to follow the recommended food safety guidelines. Keep food safe to eat by following ...

240

Tractor Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... and severe injuries. To avoid them, follow safe management principles and implement a tractor safety program on your farm. • Develop a "safety first" attitude. Follow safe work practices all the time and set a good example ...

241

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-print Network

37 General Education GENERAL EDUCATION An undergraduate student whose enrollment in a curriculum occurs after May 15, 2005, must fulfill the general education requirements in effect at that time in curricular or general education requirements shall be considered under the curriculum year change

Stuart, Steven J.

242

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-print Network

36 General Education GENERAL EDUCATION An undergraduate student whose enrollment in a curriculum occurs after May 15, 2005, must fulfill the general education requirements in effect at that time in curricular or general education requirements shall be considered under the curriculum year change

Stuart, Steven J.

243

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-print Network

34 General Education 34 GENERAL EDUCATION An undergraduate student whose enrollment in a curriculum occurs after May 15, 2005, must fulfill the general education requirements in effect at that time in curricular or general education requirements shall be considered under the curriculum year change

Bolding, M. Chad

244

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-print Network

35 General Education GENERAL EDUCATION An undergraduate student whose enrollment in a curriculum occurs after May 15, 2005, must fulfill the general education requirements in effect at that time in curricular or general education requirements shall be considered under the curriculum year change

Stuart, Steven J.

245

Cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric safety of varenicline and bupropion compared with nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation: study protocol of a retrospective cohort study using the QResearch general practice database  

PubMed Central

Introduction Cigarette smoking continues to be the leading cause of preventable death and is the main risk factor of major diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The best treatment to help smokers quit is a combination of behavioural support with pharmacotherapy. Varenicline is the newest drug on the market and has been shown to be effective in the general smoking population and in smokers with COPD. The safety profile of varenicline was initially established using standard approaches to pharmacovigilance, but postmarketing reports have raised concerns about a possible association between the use of varenicline and cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric events. Although recent studies have not confirmed such an association, further research is needed given the large number of smokers who are being prescribed varenicline, including important subgroups such as smokers with COPD who may be particularly vulnerable to side effects of drugs. The aim of this study is to assess the cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric safety of varenicline using data from the QResearch general practice (GP) database. Methods and analysis We will conduct a retrospective cohort study in the QResearch GP database. Patients will be categorised into three exposure groups: prescription of (1) varenicline, (2) bupropion or (3) nicotine replacement therapy (NRT Rx; =reference group). We will separately consider major incident neuropsychiatric and cardiovascular outcomes that occur during 6?months of follow-up using Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for confounders. Furthermore, propensity score analysis will be used as an analytical approach to account for potential confounding by indication. Ethics and dissemination This work involves analysis of anonymised, routinely collected data. The protocol has been independently peer-reviewed by the QResearch Scientific Board and meets the requirements of the Trent research ethics committee. We plan to disseminate the results from this study via articles in international peer-reviewed journals and presentations at relevant national and international health conferences. PMID:25168037

Kotz, Daniel; Simpson, Colin; Viechtbauer, Wolfgang; van Schayck, Onno C P; West, Robert; Sheikh, Aziz

2014-01-01

246

47 CFR 95.1125 - RF safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PERSONAL RADIO SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1125 RF safety. Portable devices as defined in § 2.1093(b) of...

2013-10-01

247

47 CFR 95.1125 - RF safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PERSONAL RADIO SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1125 RF safety. Portable devices as defined in § 2.1093(b) of...

2012-10-01

248

47 CFR 95.1125 - RF safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PERSONAL RADIO SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1125 RF safety. Portable devices as defined in § 2.1093(b) of...

2011-10-01

249

47 CFR 95.1125 - RF safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PERSONAL RADIO SERVICES Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) General Provisions § 95.1125 RF safety. Portable devices as defined in § 2.1093(b) of...

2010-10-01

250

Dynamic safety margin principle and application in control of safety critical systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Control systems are designed in general to meet a given performance requirement. Dynamic safety margin (DSM) is a new performance index used to measure the distance between a predefined safety boundary in the state space and the system trajectory as it evolves. Controller design based on DSM is especially important for safety-critical systems to maintain a predefined margin of safety

E. Badreddin; M. Abdel-Geliel

2004-01-01

251

Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 8: Alcohol in Relation to Highway Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 8 of the 19-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) concentrates on alcohol in relation to highway safety. The purpose and objectives of the alcohol program are outlined. Federal authority in the area of highway safety and general policies regarding…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

252

CCB Laboratory Safety Orientation Checklist Laboratory Safety Training Review  

E-print Network

website for dates and times http://chemistry.harvard.edu/pages/training Complete general laboratory safety training online and determine if additional safety training Hygiene Plan: http://ehs.harvard.edu/sites/ehs.harvard.edu/files/chemical_hygiene_plan_2.pdf

Heller, Eric

253

Systematized HIV/AIDS education for student nurses at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria: impact on knowledge, attitudes and compliance with universal precautions.  

PubMed

This paper reports the findings of a study which examines changes in a group of Bachelor of Science (BSc) nursing students' perceptions, knowledge of and attitudes towards human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), accruing from attempts at a systematized education for the cohort. Based upon a 3-month study of 141 registered nurses enrolled in a BSc nursing programme at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria, it investigates alterations in knowledge and attitudes resulting from intense instruction on HIV/AIDS, AIDS patient care, and compliance with universal precautions. With regard to knowledge enhancement and attitudinal transformation, the research reveals that a number of positive changes occurred over the period of the study. Not only were the nurses better informed about AIDS than previously, but their attitudes towards the disease and patient care had become considerably more liberal, as well as their disposition to comply with universal precautions. The conclusion emphasizes that it is very important for education about HIV/AIDS to be incorporated within current undergraduate and in-service training programmes for Nigerian nurses. PMID:10964190

Uwakwe, C B

2000-08-01

254

Guide for Science Laboratory Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General and specific safety procedures and recommendations for secondary school science laboratories are provided in this guide. Areas of concern include: (1) chemicals (storage, disposal, toxicity, unstable and incompatible chemicals); (2) microorganisms; (3) plants; (4) animals; (5) electricity; (6) lasers; (7) rockets; (8) eye safety and…

McDermott, John J.

255

Safety First in Science Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is intended to be a resource for teachers and administrators who are responsible for the safety of students, and others, in the general areas where science instructing is occurring. The handbook is designed to assist teachers of science regardless of their background in science. Particular concerns such as laboratory safety

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Science Education.

256

Student Attitudes about Campus Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses student attitudes about campus safety through a student survey distributed at the residence halls of Alabama A&M University. Students answered a survey containing questions related to staff interactions with students, cleanliness, routine activities, and safety in general. Calls for student affairs professional to become more organized,…

Huston, Dorothy

1998-01-01

257

Atomic Power Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is one of a series of information booklets for the general public published by The United States Atomic Energy Commission. Among the topics discussed are: What is Atomic Power?; What Does Safety Depend On?; Control of Radioactive Material During Operation; Accident Prevention; Containment in the Event of an Accident; Licensing and…

Hogerton, John F.

258

Of Acceptable Risk: Science and the Determination of Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book looks at the problems of determination of safety and the underlying concept of safety itself. It is believed that if certain pervasive themes are properly appreciated, the whole field of safety will be better understood. The first chapter of the book sketches the general nature of safety decisions, defining safety as a measure of the…

Lowrance, William W.

259

_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program  

E-print Network

11/22/2011 _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program EHS 260 Basic Electrical Hazards and Mitigations Course Syllabus Subject Category: General works with or around electrical equipment without qualified electrical worker status

Eisen, Michael

260

_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program  

E-print Network

04/24/2012 _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program EHS0383 Electrical Equipment Inspector Training Course Syllabus Subject Category: General: Classroom & Field Location Training Frequency: One time Course Purpose: This course is designed

Eisen, Michael

261

Safety and ergonomics evaluation of hybrid systems in Hong Kong.  

PubMed

This study is aimed at understanding common safety and ergonomics problems with robot installation in Hong Kong. Information was collected through direct observations and personal interviews with robot users from advanced hybrid manufacturing systems. The application areas of robots and types of safety devices employed were investigated. The ages, types of jobs, daily working hours and working conditions of personnel were examined. Fire precaution measures, types and varieties of training programs for users were analyzed. The results showed that although investments were made for installation of robots for improving production activity, limited attention was paid to the health, safety, and ergonomics aspects in the hybrid systems. There were also cases reported where no formal guidelines for robot manipulation and operation were provided. It seems that management and users paid attention to robot function and capability more than robot safety during robotization process. Conclusions were made by the authors that efforts should immediately be made to adopt recommendations on the safety devices and facilities and training requirements for improving users' health and safety before fatal accidents occur. PMID:11426686

Chan, A H; Courtney, A J

2001-07-01

262

Safety Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges across the country are rising to the task by implementing safety programs, response strategies, and technologies intended to create a secure environment for teachers and students. Whether it is preparing and responding to a natural disaster, health emergency, or act of violence, more schools are making campus safety a top priority. At…

Halligan, Tom

2009-01-01

263

Safety First  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ned Miller does not take security lightly. As director of campus safety and emergency management at the Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC), any threat requires serious consideration. As community college administrators adopt a more proactive approach to campus safety, many institutions are experimenting with emerging technologies, including…

Taft, Darryl

2011-01-01

264

Safety issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the NASA safety review process is to make sure that any system hazards that can endanger the manned flight system are precluded. The systems that address manned flight in a payload safety review process are discussed. The types of basic hazards that are normally addressed on any of the payloads are: contamination, electrical shock, explosions, radiation, and temperature extremes.

Rohal, R.

1991-01-01

265

21 CFR 610.11 - General safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...animals. Only overtly healthy guinea pigs weighing less than 400 grams each and...product into each of at least two guinea pigs. (2) Freeze-dried product for...least two mice and at least two guinea pigs. (3) Nonliquid products other...

2010-04-01

266

Environmental Health & Safety Safety in the Workplace  

E-print Network

-engineered sharp? The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) defines a safety-engineered sharpEnvironmental Health & Safety Safety in the Workplace Safety-Engineered Sharps What is a safety as a non-needle sharp or needle device with a built-in safety feature or mechanisms that effectively

Jawitz, James W.

267

Applications and safety data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview of activities involving lithium batteries, which shows the various applications and data that were performed for numerous industry and government sponsors is presented. Brief discussions on electrochemical criteria selection, and typical storage and performance data obtained from three systems being developed are presented. Current safety work being done on high-rate, D, SO2 cells is also discussed. Three chemistries were developed and are discussed: lithium vanadium pentoxide, lithium sulfur dioxide, and lithium thionyl chloride. Storage, performance and safety data are graphically presented.

Berlangieri, N. J.

1978-01-01

268

[Safety in surgery].  

PubMed

The effectiveness of the World Health Organization's (WHO) surgical safety checklist (SSCL) in decreasing mortality and morbidity of surgical procedures was firstly suggested in 2009; the checklist is now strongly recommended internationally for adoption as a highly effective yet economically simple intervention. However, since 2009 several published studies have reported inconsistent results, besides many issues concerning local implementation. Drawing on the recently published experience carried out in Ontario, a concise overview of the current debate is presented, with some comments on implications for the national healthcare system in Italy. More generally, the need to include the implementation of the SSCL in a larger effort addressing safety in surgery is pointed out. PMID:25072541

Rodella, Stefania

2014-01-01

269

Seismic Safety Guide  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides managers with practical guidelines for administering a comprehensive earthquake safety program. The Guide is comprehensive with respect to earthquakes in that it covers the most important aspects of natural hazards, site planning, evaluation and rehabilitation of existing buildings, design of new facilities, operational safety, emergency planning, special considerations related to shielding blocks, non-structural elements, lifelines, fire protection and emergency facilities. Management of risk and liabilities is also covered. Nuclear facilities per se are not dealt with specifically. The principles covered also apply generally to nuclear facilities but the design and construction of such structures are subject to special regulations and legal controls.

Eagling, D.G. (ed.)

1983-09-01

270

Safety in the operating room: Neurosurgical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neurosurgical procedures involve a great deal of complexity and are carried out over a prolonged time period. Consequently the operating room personnel have to ensure precise safety measures for its smooth functioning. The safety measures are in concurrence with the general safety guidelines for surgical procedures. However there are specific considerations which apply to neurosurgical operations. Operating on the wrong

Dattatraya Muzumdar

2007-01-01

271

Results of formal benchmarking electrical safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

All of general industry in the United States of America, represented by the participants in the IEEE-IAS-PCIC, is regulated by the federal government to have an electrical safety program. The Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration's documents that drive the electrical safety of employees in the workplace is written in performance language. Companies trying to conform are having

L. B. McClung

2001-01-01

272

Occupational safety and health in Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational Health and Safety in Spain has improved considerably over the last decade, most likely due to a new concept where an overall concept of safety culture is defined. Important changes in industrial safety, hygiene, and psychosocial factors present an optimistic panorama for the future of Spain. Despite this general improvement, according to the European Convergence Program, Spanish statistics still

Albert Sesé; Alfonso L. Palmer; Berta Cajal; Juan J. Montaño; Rafael Jiménez; Noelia Llorens

2002-01-01

273

Internet Safety and Security Surveys Robin Sharp  

E-print Network

Internet Safety and Security Surveys ­ A Review Edited by: Robin Sharp Informatics and Mathematical: ISSN 1601­2321 #12;Abstract This report gives a review of investigations into Internet safety security in general, and of Internet users' awareness of issues related to safety and security. The focus

274

An approach for selecting safety class items  

SciTech Connect

DOE Order 6430.1A, General Design Criteria, requires that DOE facilities be evaluated with regard to safety class items.'' Safety class items are defined as systems, components, and structures, including portions of process systems, whose failure could adversely affect the environment or safety and health of the public. Determination of safety classification is based on analysis of potential abnormal and accidental scenario consequences as presented in the Safety Analysis Report.'' Although the General Design Criteria defines safety class items, it does not provide an approach for selecting safety class items. The purpose of this report is to present the approach which was developed for selecting safety class items in a specific nonreactor nuclear facility project at the Savannah River Site (SRS).

Low, J.M.

1990-01-01

275

An approach for selecting safety class items  

SciTech Connect

DOE Order 6430.1A, General Design Criteria, requires that DOE facilities be evaluated with regard to ``safety class items.`` Safety class items are defined as ``systems, components, and structures, including portions of process systems, whose failure could adversely affect the environment or safety and health of the public. Determination of safety classification is based on analysis of potential abnormal and accidental scenario consequences as presented in the Safety Analysis Report.`` Although the General Design Criteria defines safety class items, it does not provide an approach for selecting safety class items. The purpose of this report is to present the approach which was developed for selecting safety class items in a specific nonreactor nuclear facility project at the Savannah River Site (SRS).

Low, J.M.

1990-12-31

276

Hand Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Snowblowers Pumpkin Carving Gardening Turkey Carving Removing a Ring ... encourages individuals to attend public fireworks displays, which are monitored for safety by a local fire department, rather than setting off fireworks near or ...

277

Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... save lives. Dry (Christmas) Tree vs. High Moisture Tree Fire Video by Maury Grundy The U.S. Fire Administration ... maintained (wet) cut Christmas tree and a dry tree. Fire Prevention and Safety Grants Video Video by Sirisha ...

278

Sun Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Campaign Related Links Buttons and Badges Cancer Home Sun Safety The sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage your skin in ... other shelter before you need relief from the sun. Your best bet to protect your skin is ...

279

Laboratory Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Wiki page provides a link to the recording of a webinar by Ken Roy. Join Ken Roy as he discusses the Dirty Dozen and the responsibilities of all educators in making science classrooms and activities safe[r] for students. Ken Roy is the National Science Teacher Association (NTSA) Science Safety Consultant and the Director of Environmental Health and Safety for Glastonbury Public Schools in Connecticut. Other links to the resources discussed in this webinar are also provided.

2009-11-12

280

Safety Guidelines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order for students to inquire confidently, we must create safe classroom environments. Safety is not just a set of rules but a state of mind, and perhaps, most importantly, it is an attitude and a set of skills that carry over into a students' daily life. But research also shows that the space in which students inquire is vital to their safety and security. This chapter summarizes some of the important factors that contribute to safe laboratory environments.

Biehle, James T.; Motz, Lamoine L.; West, Sandra S.

2007-01-01

281

System safety education focused on flight safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The measures necessary for achieving higher levels of system safety are analyzed with an eye toward maintaining the combat capability of the Air Force. Several education courses were provided for personnel involved in safety management. Data include: (1) Flight Safety Officer Course, (2) Advanced Safety Program Management, (3) Fundamentals of System Safety, and (4) Quantitative Methods of Safety Analysis.

Holt, E.

1971-01-01

282

LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY  

E-print Network

LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ISSUED BY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY OFFICE OF RADIOLOGICAL SAFETY and GEORGIA TECH LASER SAFETY COMMITTEE July 1, 2010 Revised July 31, 2012 #12;Laser Safety Program 1-1 #12;Laser Safety Policy Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. POLICY AND SCOPE

Houston, Paul L.

283

Effect of implementation of safety measures in tae kwon do competition  

PubMed Central

Background: Previous reviews of tae kwon do (TKD) tournaments have documented injury rates of 25/1000 to 12.7/100 athlete exposures. Most injuries have been reported to be to the head and the neck and are occasionally very serious. Many of these studies involved high level TKD competitions with minimal safety precautions. Recently, safety measures have been implemented in many TKD competitions. Objective: To evaluate retrospectively the incidence of injuries in TKD competitions involving a wide range of participants and featuring extensive safety precautions. Methods: A total of 2498 participants ranged in age from 18 to 66, included both men and women, and ranged in rank from yellow to black belt. Traumas, defined as any event requiring interaction with medical staff, were documented with respect to mechanism, diagnosis, treatment, and follow up recommendations. An injury was defined as a trauma that prevented a contestant from resuming competition on the day that the trauma occurred, according to National Collegiate Athletic Association criteria. Results: The injury rate was 0.4/1000 athlete exposures. This is lower than reported in previous studies of TKD tournaments and in many other sports. Conclusion: TKD tournaments that emphasise limited contact, protective equipment, and medical supervision are relatively safe and compare favourably with other sports. PMID:14514529

Burke, D; Barfoot, K; Bryant, S; Schneider, J; Kim, H; Levin, G

2003-01-01

284

Safety and patients' satisfaction of transcutaneous Supraorbital NeuroStimulation (tSNS) with the Cefaly(R) device in headache treatment: a survey of 2,313 headache sufferers in the general population  

PubMed Central

Background Transcutaneous supraorbital nerve stimulation (tSNS) with the Cefaly® device was recently found superior to sham stimulation for episodic migraine prevention in a randomized trial. Its safety and efficiency in larger cohorts of headache sufferers in the general population remain to be determined. The objective of this study was to assess the satisfaction with the Cefaly® device in 2,313 headache sufferers who rented the device for a 40-day trial period via Internet. Methods Only subjects using specific anti-migraine drugs, and thus most likely suffering from migraine, were included in the survey. Adverse events (AEs) and willingness to continue tSNS were monitored via phone interviews after the trial period. A built-in software allowed monitoring the total duration of use and hence compliance in subjects who returned the device to the manufacturer after the trial period. Results After a testing period of 58.2 days on average, 46.6% of the 2,313 renters were not satisfied and returned the device, but the compliance check showed that they used it only for 48.6% of the recommended time. The remaining 54.4% of subjects were satisfied with the tSNS treatment and willing to purchase the device. Ninety-nine subjects out of the 2,313 (4.3%) reported one or more AEs, but none of them was serious. The most frequent AEs were local pain/intolerance to paresthesia (47 subjects, i.e. 2.03%), arousal changes (mostly sleepiness/fatigue, sometimes insomnia, 19 subjects, i.e. 0.82%), headache after the stimulation (12 subjects, i.e. 0.52%). A transient local skin allergy was seen in 2 subjects, i.e. 0.09%. Conclusions This survey of 2,313 headache sufferers in the general population confirms that tSNS with is a safe and well-tolerated treatment for migraine headaches that provides satisfaction to a majority of patients who tested it for 40 days. Only 4.3% of subjects reported AEs, all of them were minor and fully reversible. PMID:24289825

2013-01-01

285

33 CFR 150.601 - What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port?  

... 2014-07-01 false What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port...DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Workplace Safety and Health Safety and Health (general) § 150.601 What are the safety...

2014-07-01

286

Fire safety applications for spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fire safety for spacecraft is reviewed by first describing current practices, many of which are adapted directly from aircraft. Then, current analyses and experimental knowledge in low-gravity combustion, with implications for fire safety are discussed. In orbiting spacecraft, the detection and suppression of flames are strongly affected by the large reduction in buoyant flows under low gravity. Generally, combustion intensity is reduced in low gravity. There are some notable exceptions, however, one example being the strong enhancement of flames by low-velocity ventilation flows in space. Finally, the future requirements in fire safety, particularly the needs of long-duration space stations in fire prevention, detection, extinguishment, and atmospheric control are examined. The goal of spacecraft fire-safety investigations is the establishment of trade-offs that promote maximum safety without hampering the useful human and scientific activities in space.

Friedman, Robert; Olson, Sandra L.

1989-01-01

287

Electrical Power Transmission and Distribution Safety. Module SH-40. Safety and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student module on electrical power transmission and distribution safety is one of 50 modules concerned with job safety and health. This module focuses on some of the general safety rules, techniques, and procedures that are essential in establishing a safe environment for the electrical power transmission worker. Following the introduction,…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

288

Laboratory Safety OSHA 3404-11R 2011  

E-print Network

Laboratory Safety Guidance OSHA 3404-11R 2011 #12;Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 "To of occupational safety and health." This publication provides a general overview of a particular standards in OSHA standards, and the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. Moreover, because interpretations

Nizkorodov, Sergey

289

Texas Driver and Traffic Safety Education Teacher Preparation Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains detailed descriptions of four university courses designed to give basic driver and traffic safety education preparation to prospective driver education teachers. The basic courses are as follows: Safety Education (general safety education concepts with emphasis on nontraffic areas); Driver and Traffic Safety Education I…

Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

290

NASA Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established by Congress after the Apollo spacecraft fire in January 1967, the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) is an independent group of experts tasked with advising "the NASA Administrator and Congress on all safety-related issues -- design, development, manufacturing, flight preparation, and missions operations -- concerning NASA's human space flight programs." The ASAP homepage features the text of previous annual reports and general information about the Panel and its activities.

291

Medication Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1999 landmark report by the Institute of Medicine, ''To Err is Human,'' increasing attention has been directed toward patient safety in the United States, and in fact world wide. This report estimated that approxi- mately 44,000 to 98,000 patients die annually as a result of errors in the care received, and that more than a million patients are

Carol A. Keohane; David W. Bates

2008-01-01

292

Online Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes provisions of Children's Internet Protection Act, which school districts are required to implement on or before October 31, 2001, involving the development and public dissemination of federally mandated Internet-safety policy to prevent minors from accessing inappropriate and harmful material. Provides suggestions to protect children…

Levine, Elliott

2001-01-01

293

9 CFR 354.160 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General. 354.160 Section 354.160 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY...Acceptability of Other Official Inspection Systems § 354.160 General. Any rabbit inspection system...

2010-01-01

294

30 CFR 250.800 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false General requirements. 250.800 Section 250.800 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY...CONTINENTAL SHELF Oil and Gas Production Safety Systems § 250.800 General requirements. (a)...

2011-07-01

295

30 CFR 250.800 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false General requirements. 250.800 Section 250.800 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE...CONTINENTAL SHELF Oil and Gas Production Safety Systems § 250.800 General requirements. (a)...

2010-07-01

296

The Life Safety Program Criteria Excerpt from Life Safety Funding Project Eligibility Criteria, dated 3/90.  

E-print Network

The Life Safety Program Criteria Excerpt from Life Safety Funding Project Eligibility Criteria, dated 3/90. Projects eligible for Life Safety Funding should generally meet all of the following be a continuation of an existing operation or line of research. 4. Any Life Safety project must be the best life

297

Environmental Health and Instructional Safety Employee Safety  

E-print Network

Business 14 Electrical Safety 15 Ergonomics 16 Fire Safety 16 Forklift Trucks 17 Hazard Communication 18Environmental Health and Instructional Safety #12;Employee Safety Page 1 To our University an environment for students, faculty, staff, and visitors that will not adversely affect their health and safety

de Lijser, Peter

298

Toolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety  

E-print Network

Toolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Golf carts are utilized on campus for groundskeepers, observe all traffic laws. Ensure other drivers see you before proceeding. · Remain seated and keep arms

Pawlowski, Wojtek

299

Safety, Security & Fire Report  

E-print Network

Marshal's Office Fire Safety Policies Fire Log Student Housing Fire Safety Systems Index Cover Photo Civilian Supervisors, Community Service Officers, Public Safety Officers, Special Events Patrol, Foothills

Straight, Aaron

300

Safety Assessment of Probiotics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Viable microbes have been a natural part of human diet throughout the history of mankind. Today, different fermented foods and other foods containing live microbes are consumed around the world, including industrialized countries, where the diet has become increasingly sterile during the last decades. By definition, probiotics are viable microbes with documented beneficial effects on host health. Probiotics have an excellent safety record, both in humans and in animals. Despite the wide and continuously increasing consumption of probiotics, adverse events related to probiotic use are extremely rare. Many popular probiotic strains such as lactobacilli and bifidobacteria can be considered as components of normal healthy intestinal microbiota, and thus are not thought to pose a risk for the host health - in contrast, beneficial effects on health are commonly reported. Nevertheless, the safety of probiotics is an important issue, in particular in the case of new potential probiotics which do not have a long history of safe use, and of probiotics belonging to species for which general assumption of safety cannot be made. Furthermore, safety of probiotics in high-risk populations such as critically ill patients and immunocompromized subjects deserves particular attention, as virtually all reported cases of bacteremia and fungemia associated with probiotic use, involve subjects with underlying diseases, compromised immune system or compromised intestinal integrity.

Lahtinen, Sampo J.; Boyle, Robert J.; Margolles, Abelardo; Frias, Rafael; Gueimonde, Miguel

301

CRITICALITY SAFETY TRAINING AT FLUOR HANFORD (FH)  

SciTech Connect

The Fluor Hanford Criticality Safety engineers are extensively trained. The objectives and requirements for training are derived from Department of Energy (DOE) and American National Standards Institute/American Nuclear Society Standards (ANSI/ANS), and are captured in the Hanford Criticality Safety Program manual, HNF-7098. Qualification cards have been established for the general Criticality Safety Engineer (CSE) analyst, CSEs who support specific facilities, and for the facility Criticality Safety Representatives (CSRs). Refresher training and continuous education in the discipline are emphasized. Weekly Brown Bag Sessions keep the criticality safety engineers informed of the latest developments and historic perspectives.

TOFFER, H.

2005-05-02

302

Safety harness  

DOEpatents

A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment, which safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

Gunter, Larry W. (615 Sand Pit Rd., Leesville, SC 29070)

1993-01-01

303

Safety valve  

DOEpatents

The safety valve contains a resilient gland to be held between a valve seat and a valve member and is secured to the valve member by a sleeve surrounding the end of the valve member adjacent to the valve seat. The sleeve is movable relative to the valve member through a limited axial distance and a gap exists between said valve member and said sleeve.

Bergman, Ulf C. (Malmoe, SE)

1984-01-01

304

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Department of Occupational Health and Safety Revised December 2009 #12;Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Management System 1. Introduction.............................................................................................................. 3 2.2 Management of Health and Safety

305

Safety and Liability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of five articles highlights Pensacola Junior College's occupational safety course, involving simulated emergencies, Florida's standards for teacher liability, electrical safety in the classroom and laboratory, color coding for machine safety, and Florida industrial arts safety instructional materials. (SK)

Berthelot, Ronald J.; And Others

1982-01-01

306

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY and HEALTH  

E-print Network

MARYLAND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY and HEALTH ACT safety and health protection on the job STATE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS, AND OTHER APPLICABLE REGULATIONS MAY BE OBTAINED FROM Complaints about State Program administration may be made to Regional Administrator, Occupational Safety

Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

307

10 CFR 1.15 - Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. 1.15 Section 1.15 Energy...GENERAL INFORMATION Headquarters Panels, Boards, and Committees § 1.15 Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. The Atomic Safety and...

2013-01-01

308

10 CFR 1.15 - Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. 1.15 Section 1.15 Energy...GENERAL INFORMATION Headquarters Panels, Boards, and Committees § 1.15 Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. The Atomic Safety and...

2011-01-01

309

10 CFR 1.15 - Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. 1.15 Section 1.15 Energy...GENERAL INFORMATION Headquarters Panels, Boards, and Committees § 1.15 Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. The Atomic Safety and...

2010-01-01

310

10 CFR 1.15 - Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. 1.15 Section 1.15 Energy...GENERAL INFORMATION Headquarters Panels, Boards, and Committees § 1.15 Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. The Atomic Safety and...

2012-01-01

311

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: technique, safety, and results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a minimally invasive method of removing the diseased gallbladder. It was introduced into Lithuania in December 1992 and has gained wide acceptance. While LC offers many advantages over the conventional laparotomy procedure one of its drawbacks is delayed biliary complications. Those complications may be avoided with appropriate precautions. The aim of this research is to maximize the safety of LC. The potential way to solve this problem is to minimize the possible heat damage and electrical injury remote from the site of surgery during dissection of the cystic duct, cystic artery, and the gallbladder. Neodymium:YAG laser applications with endoscopic fiber have been investigated. The possibilities to use it as a scalpel and as coagulator to release the gallbladder from all its peritoneal attachments during LC have been investigated. The controversy over optimal sources for thermal dissection of the gallbladder has been performed. The potential benefits of Nd:YAG laser in surgery -- precise cutting, limited collateral tissue damage, and improved capillary and arteriole hemostasis -- have been found.

Simutis, Gintaras; Bubnys, A.; Vaitkuviene, Aurelija

1994-12-01

312

HEALTH, SAFETY & INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

reporting � DSE Assessments � Risk Assessments � Electrical Safety #12;HEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING POLICYHEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING NEW STAFF INDUCTION #12;INTRODUCTION � University Health, Safety and Wellbeing Policy � The role of the Health & Safety Office � School/Unit Health & Safety Management

Sussex, University of

313

Environmental Health & Safety  

E-print Network

: Radiological Safety Biological Safety Occupational Health & Safety Laboratory Health and Safety EnvironmentalEnvironmental Health & Safety Sub Department Name 480 Oak Rd, Stanford, CA 94305 T 650.723.0448 F 650.725.3468 DEPUTY DIRECTOR, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY Exempt, Full-Time (100% FTE) Posted May

314

B PLANT DOCUMENTED SAFETY ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the documented safety analysis (DSA) and Central Plateau Remediation Project (CP) requirements that apply to surveillance and maintenance (S&M) activities at the 221-B Canyon Building and ancillary support structures (B Plant). The document replaces BHI-010582, Documented Safety Analysis for the B-Plant Facility. The B Plant is non-operational, deactivated and undergoing long term S&M prior to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D). This DSA is compliant with 10 CFR 830, Nuclear Safety Management, Subpart B, ''Safety Basis Requirements.'' The DSA was developed in accordance with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) standard DOE-STD-1120-98, Integration of Environment, Safety, and Health into Facility Disposition Activities (DOE 1998) per Table 2 of 10 CFR 830 Appendix A, DOE Richland Operation Office (RL) direction (02-ABD-0053, Fluor Hanford Nuclear Safety Basis Strategy and Criteria) for facilities in long term S&M, and RL Direction (02-ABD-0091, ''FHI Nuclear Safety Expectations for Nuclear Facilities in Surveillance and Maintenance''). A crosswalk was prepared to identify potential inconsistencies between the previous B Plant safety analysis and DOE-STD-1120-98 guidance. In general, the safety analysis met the criteria of DOE-STD-1120-98. Some format and content changes have been made, including incorporating recent facility modifications and updating the evaluation guidelines and control selection criteria in accordance with RL direction (02-ABD-0053). The facility fire hazard analysis (FHA) and Technical Safety Requirements (TSR) are appended to this DSA as an aid to the users, to minimize editorial redundancy, and to provide an efficient basis for update.

DODD, E.N.; KERR, N.R.

2003-08-01

315

Scope on Safety : Proactive safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Horrifying stories of accidents in the science lab abound. You may think that such accidents could never happen in your lab, but accidents do happen even in the most controlled environments. So, the best thing you can do to protect yourselves and your students is to implement and document proactive safety procedures. The following actions are recommended to reduce accidents in the lab and litigation in the courtroom.

Roy, Ken

2006-01-01

316

Delivering safety  

SciTech Connect

In the United Kingdom there have been significant recent changes to the management of civil nuclear liabilities. With the formation in April 2005 of the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), ownership of the civil nuclear licensed sites in the UK, including the Magnox Reactor Stations, passed to this new organisation. The NDAs mission is to seek acceleration of the nuclear clean up programme and deliver increased value for money and, consequently, are driving their contractors to seek more innovative ways of performing work. British Nuclear Group manages the UK Magnox stations under contract to the NDA. This paper summarises the approach being taken within its Reactor Sites business to work with suppliers to enhance working arrangements at sites, improve the delivery of decommissioning programmes and deliver improvements in safety and environmental performance. The UK Magnox stations are 1. generation gas-graphite reactors, constructed in the 1950's and 1960's. Two stations are currently still operating, three are shut-down undergoing defueling and the other five are being decommissioned. Despite the distractions of industry restructuring, an uncompromising policy of demanding improved performance in conjunction with improved safety and environmental standards has been adopted. Over the past 5 years, this policy has resulted in step-changes in performance at Reactor Sites, with increased electrical output and accelerated defueling and decommissioning. The improvements in performance have been mirrored by improvements in safety (DACR of 0 at 5 sites); environmental standards (reductions in energy and water consumption, increased waste recycling) and the overall health of the workforce (20% reduction in sickness absence). These achievements have, in turn, been recognised by external bodies, resulting in several awards, including: the world's first ISRS and IERS level 10 awards (Sizewell, 2006), the NUMEX plant maintenance award (Bradwell, 2006), numerous RoSPA awards at site and sector level and nomination, at Company level, for the RoSPA George Earle trophy for outstanding performance in Health and Safety (Reactor Sites, 2006). After 'setting the scene' and describing the challenges that the company has had to respond to, the paper explains how these improvements have been delivered. Specifically it explains the process that has been followed and the parts played by sites and suppliers to deliver improved performance. With the experience of already having transitioned several Magnox stations from operations to defueling and then to decommissioning, the paper describes the valuable experience that has been gained in achieving an optimum change process and maintaining momentum. (authors)

Baldwin, N.D.; Spooner, K.G.; Walkden, P. [British Nuclear Group Ltd, Daresbury, Warrington (United Kingdom)

2007-07-01

317

Safety Grooving  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Safety grooving, the cutting of grooves in concrete to increase traction and prevent injury, was first developed to reduce aircraft accidents on wet runways. Represented by the International Grooving and Grinding Association (IG&GA), the industry expanded into highway and pedestrian applications. The technique originated at Langley, which assisted in testing the grooving at airports and on highways. Skidding was reduced, stopping distance decreased, and a vehicle's cornering ability on curves was increased. The process has been extended to animal holding pens, steps, parking lots and other potentially slippery surfaces.

1985-01-01

318

Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Safety  

E-print Network

Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Safety Page 1 of 2 FORM LU-1 Revision 01 1 Information: Department: Building: Room: Lab Phone: #12;Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological safety training and submit this registration to the LSO prior to use of Class 3B or 4 lasers. A copy

Houston, Paul L.

319

Food Safety Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Did you know that September is Food Safety Month? To find out more about it, visit this Website from the US Food and Drug Administration, where you can take the 'Fridge Quiz, learn about the "thaw law" and download the cold storage chart (.pdf). Although the site is intended primarily for food science educators, it contains factsheets, games and activities that might be of interest to general audiences. For instance, did you know that non-dairy whipped topping is safe in the refrigerator for 3 months?! Heaps of graphics and brochures for educators can be downloaded from .pdf files.

2001-01-01

320

The Psychology of Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many studies of mishaps show that human error is a factor in a significant majority of accidents. Trying to decide how to change human behavior to be safer is generally the biggest challenge of any safety program. However, understanding the human psyche is the first step to changing behavior. Many studies focus on the before and after of an accident, but what about the thoughts of a person in the commission of an unsafe act? This is a less understood area. Examining it reveals why it is not well comprehended. This paper attempts to examine a part of the thought process, with an eye to helping influence people to less hurtful actions.

Anderson, Brenda Lindley

2011-01-01

321

Safety critical systems: challenges and directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety-critical systems are those systems whose failure could result in loss of life, significant property damage, or damage to the environment. There are many well known examples in application areas such as medical devices, aircraft flight control, weapons, and nuclear systems. Many modern information systems are becoming safety-critical in a general sense because financial loss and even loss of life

John C. Knight

2002-01-01

322

Safety in Science. Curriculum Support Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the major causes of accidents are carelessness and a negative or apathetic attitude towards safety, this guide was developed to facilitate safe, stimulating science laboratory activities by providing both general and specific safety information presented in 12 sections. Subject areas considered in these sections include: 1)…

Lulashnyk, Lorne; Boonov, Janet

323

46 CFR 1.01-25 - General flow of functions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false General flow of functions. 1.01-25 Section 1.01-25 Shipping...COURSE AND METHODS GOVERNING MARINE SAFETY FUNCTIONS Organization and General Flow of Functions § 1.01-25 General flow of...

2010-10-01

324

Overview of safety pharmacology.  

PubMed

Safety pharmacology entails the assessment of the potential risks of novel pharmaceuticals for human use. As detailed in the ICH S7A guidelines, safety pharmacology for drug discovery involves a core battery of studies on three vital systems: central nervous (CNS), cardiovascular (CV), and respiratory. Primary CNS studies are aimed at defining compound effects on general behavior, locomotion, neuromuscular coordination, seizure threshold, and vigilance. The primary CV test battery includes an evaluation of proarrhythmic risk using in vitro tests (hERG channel and Purkinje fiber assays) and in vivo measurements in conscious animals via telemetry. Comprehensive cardiac risk assessment also includes full hemodynamic evaluation in a large, anesthetized animal. Basic respiratory function can be examined in conscious animals using whole-body plethysmography. This allows for an assessment of whether the sensitivity to respiratory-depressant effects can be enhanced by exposure to increased CO2 . Other safety pharmacology topics detailed in this unit are the timing of such studies, ethical and animal welfare issues, and statistical evaluation. PMID:24510755

Goineau, Sonia; Lemaire, Martine; Froget, Guillaume

2013-01-01

325

Stanford University Department of Public Safety  

E-print Network

. During orientation, issues of general safety and crime prevention, acceptable computer use, student & Access Crime Prevention Education Programs Reporting Crime and Suspicious Activity Reporting Crime Important Telephone Numbers Off-Campus Crime Location of Registered Sex Offender Information Controlled

Straight, Aaron

326

40 CFR 87.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Aircraft safety. 87.6 Section 87.6 Protection... AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM AIRCRAFT AND AIRCRAFT ENGINES General Provisions § 87.6 Aircraft...

2011-07-01

327

40 CFR 87.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Aircraft safety. 87.6 Section 87.6 Protection... AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM AIRCRAFT AND AIRCRAFT ENGINES General Provisions § 87.6 Aircraft...

2013-07-01

328

Safety Guidelines for Fieldwork Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Safety Department  

E-print Network

Safety Guidelines for Fieldwork Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Safety Department Environmental Safety Division University of Georgia Adapted from the Safety Guidelines for Field Researchers published by the Office of Environment, Health & Safety at University of California, Berkeley #12;Safety Guidelines

Arnold, Jonathan

329

48 CFR 970.2303-2-70 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OPERATING CONTRACTS Environment, Energy and Water Efficiency, Renewable Energy Technologies, Occupational Safety and Drug-Free Work Place 970.2303-2-70 General. (a) The Department of Energy regulates the nuclear safety...

2011-10-01

330

48 CFR 970.2303-2-70 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OPERATING CONTRACTS Environment, Energy and Water Efficiency, Renewable Energy Technologies, Occupational Safety and Drug-Free Work Place 970.2303-2-70 General. (a) The Department of Energy regulates the nuclear safety...

2013-10-01

331

48 CFR 970.2303-2-70 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OPERATING CONTRACTS Environment, Energy and Water Efficiency, Renewable Energy Technologies, Occupational Safety and Drug-Free Work Place 970.2303-2-70 General. (a) The Department of Energy regulates the nuclear safety...

2012-10-01

332

Facebook: Perils, Perceptions and Precautions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Facebook is one of the fastest growing applications of the Internet. Social networking via Facebook provides a popular way for students and others to connect with a wide audience and expand their circle of friends. Facebook account holders have been denied admission to universities, not hired for jobs, lost scholarships, been disciplined by…

La Roche, Claire Reeves; Flanigan, Mary A.; La Roche, St. Clair Reeves

2009-01-01

333

Precaution in global environmental politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article evaluates the application of the precautionary principle at the international level. It employs a comparative study of four cases in global environmental politics: ozone depletion, acid rain, deforestation and coral reef degradation. Contrary to widespread academic notions, the precautionary principle is not widely applied in international environmental policy. The empirical record shows that governments abstain from regulatory policy

Radoslav S. Dimitrov

2005-01-01

334

Disease Precautions for Dog Walkers  

MedlinePLUS

... E. coli bacteria); leptospirosis (caused by Leptospira bacteria); ringworm (caused by certain fungi); salmonellosis (caused by the ... roundworms and Cryptosporidium ), and fungal infections (e.g. ringworm and aspergillosis). Appropriate vaccination and deworming can protect ...

335

Environmental Health Safety & Business Services  

E-print Network

, Safety Technician, EHS Derrick Neal, Safety Technician, EHS Ann Pho, Lab Safety Technician, EHS Rey White, Assistant Director, Lab Safety Manager, EHS Mark Pace, Fire Marshal, Fire & Life Safety Manager Salinas, Safety Technician, EHS Jeff Chesser, Graduate Intern, EHS

O'Toole, Alice J.

336

Fire Safety January 2011  

E-print Network

, and cloths and curtains not treated with fire retardant. Fire Safety Service 1. Ensures Fire Safety Plans1 Fire Safety PROCEDURES January 2011 firesafety@uwo.ca Campus Phones ­ EMERGENCY ­ Dial 911 Fire Safety Service is the focal point for the coordinated administration of the University Fire Safety

Lennard, William N.

337

ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY PROGRAMS SPRING 2012 Including: Free Information Session New Program in Health and Safety CONTINUING AND PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION #12;2 Our Health and Safety Programs Workplace Health and Safety Certificate Program For every dollar invested in workplace safety, organizations

California at Davis, University of

338

Rebuilding a safety culture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a culture of safety and NASA since the Challenger accident is reviewed. The technical elements of the strengthened NASA safety program are described, including problem reporting, risk/assessment/risk management, operational safety, and safety assurance are addressed. Future directions in the development of safety are considered.

Rodney, George A.

1991-01-01

339

General Relativity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a classic, graduate level, "math-first" textbook on general relativity. The author develops the theory of general relativity from a modern, mathematical point-of-view. The author covers introductory general relativity along with recent problems such as the thermodynamics of black holes.

Mald, Robert

2009-06-12

340

Attentional bias toward safety predicts safety behaviors.  

PubMed

Safety studies have primarily focused on how explicit processes and measures affect safety behavior and subsequent accidents and injuries. Recently, safety researchers have paid greater attention to the role of implicit processes. Our research focuses on the role of attentional bias toward safety (ABS) in workplace safety. ABS is a basic, early-stage cognitive process involving the automatic and selective allocation of attentional resources toward safety cues, which reflect the implicit motivational state of employees regarding safety goal. In this study, we used two reaction time-based paradigms to measure the ABS of employees in three studies: two modified Stroop tasks (Studies 1 and 2) and a visual dot-probe task (Study 3). Results revealed that employees with better safety behavior showed significant ABS (Study 2), and greater ABS than employees with poorer safety behavior (Studies 1 and 2). Moreover, ABS was positively associated with the perceived safety climate and safety motivation of employees, both of which mediate the effect of ABS on safety behavior (Study 3). These results contributed to a deeper understanding of how early-stage automatic perceptual processing affects safety behavior. The practical implications of these results were also discussed. PMID:24922613

Xu, Yaoshan; Li, Yongjuan; Wang, Guangxi; Yuan, Xiao; Ding, Weidong; Shen, Zhongxiang

2014-10-01

341

Scope on Safety: Sun Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

So, what does "sun safety" have to do with middle school science teachers, especially during the winter months? With the movement toward hands-on science and environmentally oriented curricula, more students and teachers in science classes are doing fieldwork in the sun year round. Unfortunately, many people still believe winter equates to little or no UV exposure. This is just not so. It does not matter what time of year, nor where you are--UV radiation is there and can be a danger. This month's column provides strategies for middle school science teachers to protect themselves and their students from exposure to the UV rays of the sun. In addition, some UV and health facts are included.

Roy, Ken

2007-11-01

342

Multi-approach model for improving agrochemical safety among rice farmers in Pathumthani, Thailand  

PubMed Central

The large-scale use of agrochemicals has raised environmental and human health concerns. A comprehensive intervention strategy for improving agrochemical safety among rice farmers in Thailand is lacking. The objective of this study is to develop a model in order to improve farmers’ health and prevent them from being exposed to agrochemical hazards, in addition to evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention in terms of agrochemical safety. This study was conducted between October 2009 and January 2011. It measures changes in the mean scores of agrochemical knowledge, health beliefs, agrochemical use behaviors, and in-home pesticide safety. Knowledge of agrochemical use constitutes a basic knowledge of agrochemicals and agrochemical safety behaviors. Health beliefs constitute perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers to using agrochemicals. Agrochemical use behaviors include self-care practices in terms of personal health at specific times including before spraying, while spraying, during storage, transportation, waste management, and health risk management. Fifty rice farmers from Khlong Seven Community (study group) and 51 rice farmers from Bueng Ka Sam community (control group) were randomly recruited with support from community leaders. The participants were involved in a combination of home visits (ie, pesticide safety assessments at home) and community participatory activities regarding agrochemical safety. This study reveals that health risk behaviors regarding agrochemical exposure in the study area are mainly caused by lack of attention to safety precautions and the use of faulty protective gear. After 6 months, the intervention program showed significant improvements in the overall scores on knowledge, beliefs, behaviors, and home pesticide safety in the study group (P < 0.05). Therefore, this intervention model is effective in improving agrochemical safety behaviors among Khlong Seven Community rice farmers. These findings demonstrate that a multi-approach model for improving agrochemical safety behaviors can lead to sustainable prevention of agrochemical hazards for farmers. PMID:22956888

Raksanam, Buppha; Taneepanichskul, Surasak; Siriwong, Wattasit; Robson, Mark

2012-01-01

343

Safety analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are engaged in a research program in safety-critical computing that is based on two case studies. We use these case studies to provide application-specific details of the various research issues, and as targets for evaluation of research ideas. The first case study is the Magnetic Stereotaxis System (MSS), an investigational device for performing human neurosurgery being developed in a joint effort between the Department of Physics at the University of Virginia and the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Iowa. The system operates by manipulating a small permanent magnet (known as a 'seed') within the brain using an externally applied magnetic field. By varying the magnitude and gradient of the external magnetic field, the seed can be moved along a non-linear path and positioned at a site requiring therapy, e.g., a tumor. The magnetic field required for movement through brain tissue is extremely high, and is generated by a set of six superconducting magnets located in a housing surrounding the patient's head. The system uses two X-ray cameras positioned at right angles to detect in real time the locations of the seed and of X-ray opaque markers affixed to the patient's skull. the X-ray images are used to locate the objects of interest in a canonical frame of reference. the second case study is the University of Virginia Research Nuclear Reactor (UVAR). It is a 2 MW thermal, concrete-walled pool reactor. The system operates using 20 to 25 plate-type fuel assemblies placed on a rectangular grid plate. There are three scramable safety rods, and one non-scramable regulating rod that can be put in automatic mode. It was originally constructed in 1959 as a 1 MW system, and it was upgraded to 2 MW in 1973. Though only a research reactor rather than a power reactor, the issues raised are significant and can be related to the problems faced by full-scale reactor systems.

Knight, John C.

1995-01-01

344

Safety Manual Prepared by the  

E-print Network

Radiation and Laser Safety 19 Laser Safety 21 Compressed Gas and Cryogenic Safety 22 Electrical Safety 24IMS Safety Manual Prepared by the IMS Safety Committee January 1991 (revised 1/2009) Institute 2 Introduction 3 IMS Laboratory Safety Reporting Policy 4 IMS Safety Committee 5 Fire Safety

Alpay, S. Pamir

345

RADIATION SAFETY OFFICE UNIVERSITYOF MARYLAND  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY OFFICE UNIVERSITYOF MARYLAND RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2. Radiation Safety Committee (RSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.4. Radiation Safety Office (RSO

Rubloff, Gary W.

346

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION  

E-print Network

) 27265 Associate EHS Advisor (Trades Safety, Workplace Environment) 23867 Emergency & Business Continuity PREPAREDNESS 26740 FIRE PREVENTION Burnaby: 23867 Surrey: FS Vancouver: Ops FIRE SAFETY PLANS 23011 HAZARDOUS Planner 26740 Associate Advisor Emergency Planning (Emergency Planning, Fire Evacuation) 28632 EHS OFFICE

347

Governors Highway Safety Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Brief 10 Tips to Avoid Distractions Spotlight on Highway Safety: Bicyclist Safety This new report analyzes fatality ... patterns since the 1970s. Read more © 2014 Governors Highway Safety Association, 444 N. Capitol Street, NW, Suite ...

348

Dangerous Food Safety Mistakes  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Mistakes Text Size: A A A Dangerous Food Safety Mistakes Sometimes a simple mistake can have grave consequences. What may seem like a small food safety mistake can cause serious illness with long-term ...

349

Environmental Health and Safety  

E-print Network

Environmental Health and Safety Approved by Document No. Version Date Replaces Page EHS EHS). 1. INTRODUCTION I was informed of McGill's Health & Safety Policies, including: Laboratory Responsibilities Health & Safety Internal Responsibility System Personal Protective Equipment Policy Accident

Shoubridge, Eric

350

Paper Shredder Safety Alert  

MedlinePLUS

Paper Shredder Safety Alert Consumer model paper shredders are very popular. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission ( ... offers the following safety tips when using a paper shredder: ? Never allow children to operate paper shredders, ...

351

CALLBACKCALLBACKFrom NASA's Aviation Safety Reporting System Number 289 October 2003  

E-print Network

CALLBACKCALLBACKFrom NASA's Aviation Safety Reporting System Number 289 October 2003 A Monthly Safety Bulletin from The Office of the NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System, P.O. Box 189, Moffett Field 2114 General Aviation Pilots 781 Controllers 51 Cabin/Mechanics/Military/Other 136 TOTAL 3082 ASRS

352

Super Safety and Health Day at KSC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the Training Auditorium at KSC, Brig. General Donald P. Pettit, commander of the 45th Space Wing, speaks to attendees at a presentation for Super Safety and Health Day. Safety Day is a full day of NASA-sponsored, KSC and 45th Space Wing events involving a number of health and safety related activities: Displays, vendors, technical paper sessions, panel discussions, a keynote speaker, etc. The entire Center and Wing stand down to participate in the planned events. Safety Day is held annually to proactively increase awareness in safety and health among the government and contractor workforce population. The first guiding principle at KSC is '''Safety and Health First.''' KSC's number one goal is to '''Assure sound, safe and efficient practices and processes are in place for privatized/commercialized launch site processing.'''

2000-01-01

353

Safety Management Manual Safety Management Procedures  

E-print Network

of Critical Systems 10.3 Lube Oil Analysis Process 1 Dec 2013 15 Oct 2013 1 Feb 2013 7 5 2 11 Documentation 11Safety Management Manual & Safety Management Procedures OSU Ship Operations R/V OCEANUS 1 Dec 2013 #12;SAFETY MANAGEMENT MANUAL OSU SHIP OPERATIONS 0.1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Originator: Approved By

Kurapov, Alexander

354

Department Safety Representatives Department Safety Representative  

E-print Network

/4/2014. The most recent version of this document is available electronically at: https and guidance from EH&S) safety needs for the areas they represent are met (e.g., training, protective equipment, acquisition of safety equipment, and corrective measures including noncompliance items identified in safety

Pawlowski, Wojtek

355

RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING MANUAL Radiation Safety Office  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING MANUAL Radiation Safety Office 130 DeSoto Street G-7 Parran@pitt.edu Internet: www.radsafe.pitt.edu Trainman911.wpd Revised 9/11 #12;FOREWORD All personnel who are working protection and the potential risks of ionizing radiation. Radiation Safety Office personnel provide

Sibille, Etienne

356

CPSC Safety Guides  

MedlinePLUS

... OnSafety Blogs Inside CPSC: Recalls Safety Education Regulations, Laws & Standards Research & Statistics Business & Manufacturing Small Business Resources International Newsroom About CPSC Contact Us Sitemap RSS E- ...

357

National Ag Safety Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A national central repository of agricultural health, safety, and injury prevention materials for the agricultural community and especially for agricultural safety specialists. Spanish materials are included.

2007-01-15

358

Farm Health and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety hazards, including Chemicals and pesticides Machinery, ... equipment can also reduce accidents. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

359

29 CFR 1977.3 - General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 General § 1977.3 General...

2011-07-01

360

29 CFR 1977.3 - General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 General § 1977.3 General...

2013-07-01

361

29 CFR 1977.3 - General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 General § 1977.3 General...

2012-07-01

362

Safety self-efficacy and safety performance : Potential antecedents and the moderation effect of standardization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to suggest a new safety self-efficacy construct and to explore its antecedents and interaction with standardization to influence in-patient safety. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper used a survey of 161 nurses using a self-administered questionnaire over a 14-day period in two large Israeli general hospitals. Nurses answered questions relating to four safety self-efficacy

Tal Katz-Navon; Eitan Naveh; Zvi Stern

2007-01-01

363

Space reactor safety, 1985-1995 lessons learned  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space reactor safety activities and decisions have evolved over the last decade. Important safety decisions have been made in the SP-100, Space Exploration Initiative, NEPSTP, SNTP, and Bimodal Space Reactor programs. In addition, international guidance on space reactor safety has been instituted. Space reactor safety decisions and practices have developed in the areas of inadvertent criticality, reentry, radiological release, orbital operation, programmatics, and policy. In general, the lessons learned point out the importance of carefully reviewing previous safety practices for appropriateness to space nuclear programs in general and to the specific mission under consideration.

Marshall, Albert C.

1996-03-01

364

CRITICALITY SAFETY CONTROLS AND THE SAFETY BASIS AT PFP  

SciTech Connect

With the implementation of DOE Order 420.1B, Facility Safety, and DOE-STD-3007-2007, 'Guidelines for Preparing Criticality Safety Evaluations at Department of Energy Non-Reactor Nuclear Facilities', a new requirement was imposed that all criticality safety controls be evaluated for inclusion in the facility Documented Safety Analysis (DSA) and that the evaluation process be documented in the site Criticality Safety Program Description Document (CSPDD). At the Hanford site in Washington State the CSPDD, HNF-31695, 'General Description of the FH Criticality Safety Program', requires each facility develop a linking document called a Criticality Control Review (CCR) to document performance of these evaluations. Chapter 5, Appendix 5B of HNF-7098, Criticality Safety Program, provided an example of a format for a CCR that could be used in lieu of each facility developing its own CCR. Since the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) is presently undergoing Deactivation and Decommissioning (D&D), new procedures are being developed for cleanout of equipment and systems that have not been operated in years. Existing Criticality Safety Evaluations (CSE) are revised, or new ones written, to develop the controls required to support D&D activities. Other Hanford facilities, including PFP, had difficulty using the basic CCR out of HNF-7098 when first implemented. Interpretation of the new guidelines indicated that many of the controls needed to be elevated to TSR level controls. Criterion 2 of the standard, requiring that the consequence of a criticality be examined for establishing the classification of a control, was not addressed. Upon in-depth review by PFP Criticality Safety staff, it was not clear that the programmatic interpretation of criterion 8C could be applied at PFP. Therefore, the PFP Criticality Safety staff decided to write their own CCR. The PFP CCR provides additional guidance for the evaluation team to use by clarifying the evaluation criteria in DOE-STD-3007-2007. In reviewing documents used in classifying controls for Nuclear Safety, it was noted that DOE-HDBK-1188, 'Glossary of Environment, Health, and Safety Terms', defines an Administrative Control (AC) in terms that are different than typically used in Criticality Safety. As part of this CCR, a new term, Criticality Administrative Control (CAC) was defined to clarify the difference between an AC used for criticality safety and an AC used for nuclear safety. In Nuclear Safety terms, an AC is a provision relating to organization and management, procedures, recordkeeping, assessment, and reporting necessary to ensure safe operation of a facility. A CAC was defined as an administrative control derived in a criticality safety analysis that is implemented to ensure double contingency. According to criterion 2 of Section IV, 'Linkage to the Documented Safety Analysis', of DOESTD-3007-2007, the consequence of a criticality should be examined for the purposes of classifying the significance of a control or component. HNF-PRO-700, 'Safety Basis Development', provides control selection criteria based on consequence and risk that may be used in the development of a Criticality Safety Evaluation (CSE) to establish the classification of a component as a design feature, as safety class or safety significant, i.e., an Engineered Safety Feature (ESF), or as equipment important to safety; or merely provides defense-in-depth. Similar logic is applied to the CACs. Criterion 8C of DOE-STD-3007-2007, as written, added to the confusion of using the basic CCR from HNF-7098. The PFP CCR attempts to clarify this criterion by revising it to say 'Programmatic commitments or general references to control philosophy (e.g., mass control or spacing control or concentration control as an overall control strategy for the process without specific quantification of individual limits) is included in the PFP DSA'. Table 1 shows the PFP methodology for evaluating CACs. This evaluation process has been in use since February of 2008 and has proven to be simple and effective. Each control identified i

Kessler, S

2009-04-21

365

33 CFR 150.605 - What are the procedures for reporting a possible workplace safety or health violation at a...  

...procedures for reporting a possible workplace safety or health violation at a deepwater port? 150.605 Section...DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Workplace Safety and Health Safety and Health (general) § 150.605 What are the...

2014-07-01

366

33 CFR 150.605 - What are the procedures for reporting a possible workplace safety or health violation at a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the procedures for reporting a possible workplace safety or health violation at a deepwater port? 150.605 Section...PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Workplace Safety and Health Safety and Health (general) § 150.605 What...

2013-07-01

367

33 CFR 150.601 - What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port...PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Workplace Safety and Health Safety and Health (general) § 150.601 What...

2012-07-01

368

33 CFR 150.601 - What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port...PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Workplace Safety and Health Safety and Health (general) § 150.601 What...

2011-07-01

369

33 CFR 150.601 - What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port...PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Workplace Safety and Health Safety and Health (general) § 150.601 What...

2010-07-01

370

33 CFR 150.605 - What are the procedures for reporting a possible workplace safety or health violation at a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the procedures for reporting a possible workplace safety or health violation at a deepwater port? 150.605 Section...PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Workplace Safety and Health Safety and Health (general) § 150.605 What...

2011-07-01

371

33 CFR 150.605 - What are the procedures for reporting a possible workplace safety or health violation at a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the procedures for reporting a possible workplace safety or health violation at a deepwater port? 150.605 Section...PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Workplace Safety and Health Safety and Health (general) § 150.605 What...

2012-07-01

372

33 CFR 150.601 - What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What are the safety and health requirements for the workplace on a deepwater port...PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Workplace Safety and Health Safety and Health (general) § 150.601 What...

2013-07-01

373

Sociology, systems and (patient) safety: knowledge translations in healthcare policy.  

PubMed

In 2000 the American Institute of Medicine, adviser to the federal government on policy matters relating to the health of the public, published the report To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System, which was to become a call to arms for improving patient safety across the Western world. By re-conceiving healthcare as a system, it was argued that it was possible to transform the current culture of blame, which made individuals take defensive precautions against being assigned responsibility for error - notably by not reporting adverse events, into a culture of safety. The IOM report draws on several prominent social scientists in accomplishing this re-conceptualisation. But the analyses of these authors are not immediately relevant for health policy. It requires knowledge translation to make them so. This paper analyses the process of translation. The discussion is especially pertinent due to a certain looping effect between social science research and policy concerns. The case here presented is thus doubly illustrative: exemplifying first how social science is translated into health policy and secondly how the transformation required for this to function is taken as an analytical improvement that can in turn be redeployed in social research. PMID:18290938

Jensen, Casper Bruun

2008-03-01

374

Implantable spinal fusion stimulator: assessment of MR safety and artifacts.  

PubMed

The objective of this investigation was to perform magnetic resonance (MR) imaging safety and artifact testing of an implantable spinal fusion stimulator. Magnetic field interactions, artifacts, and operational aspects of an implantable spinal fusion stimulator were evaluated in association with a 1.5 T MR system. Magnetic field-related translational attraction was measured using the deflection angle test. A special test apparatus was used to determine torque at 4.7 T. Artifacts were characterized using fast multiplanar spoiled gradient-echo, T1-weighted spin-echo, and T1-weighted fast spin-echo sequences. Operational aspects of the implantable spinal fusion stimulator before and after exposure to MR imaging at 1.5 T were assessed. In addition, nine patients (six lumbar spine and three cervical spine) with implantable spinal fusion stimulators underwent MR imaging. The findings indicated that magnetic field interactions were relatively minor, artifacts were well characterized and should not create diagnostic problems, and there were no changes in the operation of the spinal fusion stimulator. The nine patients underwent MR procedures without substantial adverse events or complaints. Based on the results of this investigation and in consideration of the findings from previous studies of MR imaging safety for the implantable spinal fusion stimulator, MR imaging may be performed safely in patients using MR systems operating at 1.5 T or less following specific recommendations and precautions. PMID:10931583

Shellock, F G; Hatfield, M; Simon, B J; Block, S; Wamboldt, J; Starewicz, P M; Punchard, W F

2000-08-01

375

A comparison of commercial/industry and nuclear weapons safety concepts  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the authors identify factors which influence the safety philosophy used in the US commercial/industrial sector and compare them against those factors which influence nuclear weapons safety. Commercial/industrial safety is guided by private and public safety standards. Generally, private safety standards tend to emphasize product reliability issues while public (i.e., government) safety standards tend to emphasize human factors issues. Safety in the nuclear weapons arena is driven by federal requirements and memoranda of understanding (MOUs) between the Departments of Defense and Energy. Safety is achieved through passive design features integrated into the nuclear weapon. Though the common strand between commercial/industrial and nuclear weapons safety is the minimization of risk posed to the general population (i.e., public safety), the authors found that each sector tends to employ a different safety approach to view and resolve high-consequence safety issues.

Bennett, R.R.; Summers, D.A.

1996-07-01

376

33 CFR 154.2180 - Alternative testing program-Generally.  

...Pressure Sensor Reliability Testing § 154.2180 Alternative testing program—Generally. ...and pressure sensor safety testing requirements provided...secondary standard that is standardized against a primary...

2014-07-01

377

General anesthesia  

MedlinePLUS

General anesthesia is a treatment with certain medicines that puts you into a deep sleep so you do not ... You will receive general anesthesia in a hospital or outpatient office. Most times, a doctor called an anesthesiologist will put you to sleep. Sometimes, a ...

378

29 CFR 1926.701 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Concrete and Masonry Construction § 1926.701 General... No construction loads shall be placed on a concrete structure or portion of a concrete structure unless the employer...

2013-07-01

379

29 CFR 1926.701 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Concrete and Masonry Construction § 1926.701 General... No construction loads shall be placed on a concrete structure or portion of a concrete structure unless the employer...

2011-07-01

380

29 CFR 1926.701 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Concrete and Masonry Construction § 1926.701 General... No construction loads shall be placed on a concrete structure or portion of a concrete structure unless the employer...

2012-07-01

381

29 CFR 1926.701 - General requirements.  

...SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Concrete and Masonry Construction § 1926.701 General... No construction loads shall be placed on a concrete structure or portion of a concrete structure unless the employer...

2014-07-01

382

29 CFR 1926.701 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Concrete and Masonry Construction § 1926.701 General... No construction loads shall be placed on a concrete structure or portion of a concrete structure unless the employer...

2010-07-01

383

49 CFR 192.453 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.453 General. The corrosion control procedures required by § 192...direction of, a person qualified in pipeline corrosion control methods. [Amdt....

2012-10-01

384

49 CFR 192.453 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.453 General. The corrosion control procedures required by § 192...direction of, a person qualified in pipeline corrosion control methods. [Amdt....

2011-10-01

385

49 CFR 572.111 - General description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) ANTHROPOMORPHIC TEST DEVICES Side Impact Hybrid Dummy 50th Percentile Male § 572.111 General description. (a) The dummy consists of component parts and...

2011-10-01

386

49 CFR 130.3 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS § 130.3 General...person may offer or accept for transportation or transport oil subject to this part unless that person—...

2010-10-01

387

49 CFR 130.3 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS § 130.3 General...person may offer or accept for transportation or transport oil subject to this part unless that person—...

2013-10-01

388

49 CFR 130.3 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS § 130.3 General...person may offer or accept for transportation or transport oil subject to this part unless that person—...

2011-10-01

389

49 CFR 130.3 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OIL TRANSPORTATION OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS § 130.3 General...person may offer or accept for transportation or transport oil subject to this part unless that person—...

2012-10-01

390

49 CFR 192.453 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.453 General. The corrosion control procedures required by § 192...direction of, a person qualified in pipeline corrosion control methods. [Amdt....

2013-10-01

391

29 CFR 1926.300 - General requirements.  

...HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Tools-Hand and Power § 1926.300 General requirements. (a) Condition of tools. All hand and power tools and similar equipment...methods are—barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, electronic safety...

2014-07-01

392

29 CFR 1926.300 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Tools-Hand and Power § 1926.300 General requirements. (a) Condition of tools. All hand and power tools and similar equipment...methods are—barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, electronic safety...

2013-07-01

393

29 CFR 1926.300 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Tools-Hand and Power § 1926.300 General requirements. (a) Condition of tools. All hand and power tools and similar equipment...methods are—barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, electronic safety...

2012-07-01

394

29 CFR 1926.300 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION Tools-Hand and Power § 1926.300 General requirements. (a) Condition of tools. All hand and power tools and similar equipment...methods are—barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, electronic safety...

2011-07-01

395

14 CFR 31.31 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: MANNED FREE BALLOONS Design Construction § 31.31 General. The suitability of each design detail or part that bears on safety must be...

2012-01-01

396

14 CFR 31.31 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: MANNED FREE BALLOONS Design Construction § 31.31 General. The suitability of each design detail or part that bears on safety must be...

2010-01-01

397

14 CFR 31.31 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: MANNED FREE BALLOONS Design Construction § 31.31 General. The suitability of each design detail or part that bears on safety must be...

2011-01-01

398

49 CFR 237.151 - Audits; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRIDGE SAFETY STANDARDS Documentation, Records, and Audits of Bridge Management Programs § 237.151 Audits; general. Each program adopted to comply with...

2010-10-01

399

42 CFR 88.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES WORLD TRADE CENTER HEALTH PROGRAM § 88.2 General provisions. (a) Designated representative. (1) An applicant,...

2012-10-01

400

42 CFR 88.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES WORLD TRADE CENTER HEALTH PROGRAM § 88.2 General provisions. (a) Designated representative. (1) An applicant,...

2011-10-01

401

42 CFR 88.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES WORLD TRADE CENTER HEALTH PROGRAM § 88.2 General provisions. (a) Designated representative. (1) An applicant,...

2013-10-01

402

Assessment of patient safety culture in Saudi Arabian hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

ContextHealthcare organisations in Saudi Arabia are striving to improve patient safety and quality of care through implementation of safety systems and creating a culture of safety.ObjectiveThe purpose of this study to evaluate the extent to which the culture supports patient safety at Saudi hospitals.Data CollectionA survey questionnaire was distributed hospital-wide in 13 general hospitals in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia, to

H. A. Alahmadi

2010-01-01

403

Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection Rate after Intervention and Comparing Outcome with National Healthcare Safety Network and International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium Data  

PubMed Central

Background: Benchmarking of central line associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) rates remains a problem in developing countries due to the variations in surveillance practices and/or infection risk as non-availability of national data. Aim: The aim of the following study was to find out the CLABSI rate before and after central line (CL) bundle intervention and compare the outcome with international surveillance data. Subjects and Methods: This prospective longitudinal cohort study on adult intensive care unit patients was conducted at Hera General Hospital, Makkah Saudi Arabia from January 1 to December 31, 2012. Five key components of bundle were selected; hand hygiene, maximal barrier precautions upon insertion, skin antisepsis, optimum site selection and daily review of line necessity with prompt removal of unnecessary lines. Post-intervention CLABSI rate was compared with National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) and International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) rates. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 14.0 software (SPSS Inc., 233 South Wacker Drive, 11th floor Chicago, USA) was used for statistical analysis included regression analysis for correlation. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: CLABSI rate was reduced from 10.1 to 6.5 per 1000 CL days after interventions and had significant correlation with overall bundle compliance rate 87.6% (P = 0.02) On benchmarking, CLABSI rate after the intervention was similar to mean pool value of INICC (6.8) while higher than NHSN (3.1). The most common microorganisms isolated were; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (30.8%), Acinetobacter baumanii (23.3%) and Enterococcus faecalis (15.4%). Conclusion: We found that INICC data was a better benchmarking tool comparative to NHSN because it represents the countries that are developing the surveillance system. A multicenter national study is recommended. PMID:25328774

Bukhari, SZ; Banjar, A; Baghdadi, SS; Baltow, BA; Ashshi, AM; Hussain, WM

2014-01-01

404

Improving patient safety culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Improving hospital patient safety means an open and stimulating culture is needed. This article aims to describe a patient safety culture improvement approach in five Belgian hospitals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Patient safety culture was measured using a validated Belgian adaptation of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) questionnaire. Studies before (autumn 2005) and after (spring 2007) the

Johan Hellings; Ward Schrooten; Niek S. Klazinga; Arthur Vleugels

2010-01-01

405

Safety: Preventive Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Underscores the need for community colleges to practice safety within the institutions and to instruct students in workplace safety procedures and requirements. Reviews Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) regulations and their impact on industry and education. Looks at the legal responsibilities of colleges for safety. (DMM)

Kotula, John R.; Digenakis, Anthony

1985-01-01

406

EMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS SAFETY PROCEDURES  

E-print Network

-8400 OCCUPATIONALAND ENvIRONMENTAL MEDICINE ­ NON-EMERGENCY #12;ELECTRICAL SAFETY Electrical devices must be properly ELECTRICAL SAFETY/CLINICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL SAFETY/CLINICAL ENGINEERING #12;ELECTRICAL SAFETYEMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY PROCEDURES Revised January 2010 BU Boston University Medical

Spence, Harlan Ernest

407

Electrical safety programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

An electrical safety program is a plan designed so that neither,workplace conditions, nor the actions of people, expose personnel unnecessarily to electrical hazards. Employers should develop and implement an electrical safety program to give overall safety directions for facility activities related to electrical work. Effective electrical safety programs are a major key in preventing electrical incidents.

Kim Eastwood; Danny Liggett; Erling Hesla

2002-01-01

408

Radiation Safety September 2013  

E-print Network

Radiation Safety Manual September 2013 Office of Environment, Health & Safety #12;RADIATION SAFETY of ionizing radiation as a valuable tool to extend fundamental knowledge. These activities are an important of radiation-producing machines and radioactive materials attests to the success of its radiation safety

California at Irvine, University of

409

Neighbourhood safety and leisure-time physical activity among Dutch adults: a multilevel perspective  

PubMed Central

Background Several neighbourhood elements have been found to be related to leisure-time walking and cycling. However, the association with neighbourhood safety remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the association of neighbourhood-level safety with leisure-time walking and cycling among Dutch adults. Methods Data were derived from the national health survey (POLS) 2006–2009, with valid data on 20046 respondents residing in 2127 neighbourhoods. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to examine the association between neighbourhood-level safety (general safety and specific safety components: physical disorder, social disorder, crime-related fear, traffic safety) and residents’ engagement in outdoor leisure-time walking and cycling for at least 30 minutes per week. Results An increase in neighbourhood safety (both general safety and each of the safety components) was significantly associated with an increase in leisure-time cycling participation. Associations were strongest for general safety and among older women. In the general population, neighbourhood safety was not significantly associated with leisure-time walking. However, among younger and older adult men and lower educated individuals, an increase in general safety was associated with a decrease in leisure-time walking participation. Conclusions In the Netherlands, neighbourhood safety appears to be related to leisure-time cycling but not to walking. Leisure-time cycling may best be encouraged by improving different safety components at once, rather than focusing on one safety aspect such as traffic safety. Special attention is needed for older women. PMID:23356476

2013-01-01

410

Hard and Soft Safety Verifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this paper is to examine the differences between and the effects of hard and soft safety verifications. Initially, the terminology should be defined and clarified. A hard safety verification is datum which demonstrates how a safety control is enacted. An example of this is relief valve testing. A soft safety verification is something which is usually described as nice to have but it is not necessary to prove safe operation. An example of a soft verification is the loss of the Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) casings from Shuttle flight, STS-4. When the main parachutes failed, the casings impacted the water and sank. In the nose cap of the SRBs, video cameras recorded the release of the parachutes to determine safe operation and to provide information for potential anomaly resolution. Generally, examination of the casings and nozzles contributed to understanding of the newly developed boosters and their operation. Safety verification of SRB operation was demonstrated by examination for erosion or wear of the casings and nozzle. Loss of the SRBs and associated data did not delay the launch of the next Shuttle flight.

Wetherholt, Jon; Anderson, Brenda

2012-01-01

411

9 CFR 354.240 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION VOLUNTARY INSPECTION OF RABBITS AND EDIBLE PRODUCTS THEREOF Maintenance of Sanitary Conditions and Precautions Against Contamination of Products § 354.240...

2013-01-01

412

9 CFR 354.240 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION VOLUNTARY INSPECTION OF RABBITS AND EDIBLE PRODUCTS THEREOF Maintenance of Sanitary Conditions and Precautions Against Contamination of Products § 354.240...

2011-01-01

413

9 CFR 354.240 - General.  

...MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION VOLUNTARY INSPECTION OF RABBITS AND EDIBLE PRODUCTS THEREOF Maintenance of Sanitary Conditions and Precautions Against Contamination of Products § 354.240...

2014-01-01

414

9 CFR 354.240 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION VOLUNTARY INSPECTION OF RABBITS AND EDIBLE PRODUCTS THEREOF Maintenance of Sanitary Conditions and Precautions Against Contamination of Products § 354.240...

2010-01-01

415

9 CFR 354.240 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION VOLUNTARY INSPECTION OF RABBITS AND EDIBLE PRODUCTS THEREOF Maintenance of Sanitary Conditions and Precautions Against Contamination of Products § 354.240...

2012-01-01

416

Complex Technical Systems, Reliability, Availability and Safety Evaluation and Prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The general reliability, availability and safety analytical models of complex non-repairable and repairable multistate technical\\u000a systems related to their operation processes are presented. They are integrated general models of complex technical systems,\\u000a linking their multistate reliability, availability and safety models with their operation process models and considering variable\\u000a at the different operation states their reliability and safety structures and their

Krzysztof Ko?owrocki; Joanna Soszy?ska-Budny

417

Campus Crime and Personal Safety in Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study surveys the literature in library science, law enforcement, the social sciences, education, and general-interest publications regarding library security in higher education. General and specific crimes are discussed, and suggestions are provided on how academic libraries can improve personal safety. (65 references) (Author/LRW)

Chadley, Otis A.

1996-01-01

418

Nuclear health and safety  

SciTech Connect

There has been concern over the Department of Energy's (DOE) dual role of producing nuclear weapons and assessing the potential health hazards associated with operating its facilities has raised questions about DOE's ability to effectively manage its health and health effects (epidemiology) research programs. In March 1990, the secrecy of Energy announced several initiatives to address these concerns. These initiatives include, among others, the development of an occupational health and epidemiology program, the transfer of long-term health effects' studies to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the establishment of an advisory committee to oversee DOE's environmental, safety, and health activities, and the design of a data base to store and retrieve health data. This paper provides a brief description of DOE's initiatives, including their status as of December 1990 and general observations of these initiatives.

Glenn, J.

1991-02-01

419

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS EXCAVATION-GENERAL  

E-print Network

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS EXCAVATION-GENERAL: 1. Utility Maintenance Manager, Facility Services, (578-3186) is primary University Contact Person for excavation permits. 2. The excavator shall protect the Marks. 3. Applicant shall be responsible for barricades, flagging, etc... around excavation. 6. Applicant shall

Harms, Kyle E.

420

The Relationship between Organizational Leadership for Safety and Learning from Patient Safety Events  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the relationship between organizational leadership for patient safety and five types of learning from patient safety events (PSEs). Study Setting Forty-nine general acute care hospitals in Ontario, Canada. Study Design A nonexperimental design using cross-sectional surveys of hospital patient safety officers (PSOs) and patient care managers (PCMs). PSOs provided data on organization-level learning from (a) minor events, (b) moderate events, (c) major near misses, (d) major event analysis, and (e) major event dissemination/communication. PCMs provided data on organizational leadership (formal and informal) for patient safety. Extraction Methods Hospitals were the unit of analysis. Seemingly unrelated regression was used to examine the influence of formal and informal leadership for safety on the five types of learning from PSEs. The interaction between leadership and hospital size was also examined. Principal Findings Formal organizational leadership for patient safety is an important predictor of learning from minor, moderate, and major near-miss events, and major event dissemination. This relationship is significantly stronger for small hospitals (<100 beds). Conclusions We find support for the relationship between patient safety leadership and patient safety behaviors such as learning from safety events. Formal leadership support for safety is of particular importance in small organizations where the economic burden of safety programs is disproportionately large and formal leadership is closer to the front lines. PMID:20337737

Ginsburg, Liane R; Chuang, You-Ta; Blair Berta, Whitney; Norton, Peter G; Ng, Peggy; Tregunno, Deborah; Richardson, Julia

2010-01-01

421

Safety Issues for HIFU Transducer Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In contrast with most ultrasound modalities for medical applications, (especially ultrasound imaging), High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) involves technologies and procedures which may present risk to the patient. These risks, resulting from the high power levels required for effective therapy, should be taken into account at the earliest stages in the design of a system dedicated to HIFU treatment. An understanding of these risks must thus be shared amongst the many players in the field of therapy using high power ultrasound. Moreover, since the number of applications of HIFU has increased appreciably over recent years and the technology is ready to move from the research to the industrial level, it is worth now considering solutions that should be put in place to guarantee the safety of the patient during HIFU treatment. This paper reports thoughts on this, identifies some risks to the patient that must be taken into consideration in the design of HIFU transducers, and proposes some solutions that could prevent the deleterious consequences of transducer misuse or failure. For the main risks identified, such as exceeding the desired acoustic power or poor control of tissue targeting, a description of transducer performance that could potentially result in problems is systematically sought. This allows proposals for precautions to be taken during operation to be made. Parameters which should be monitored to ensure safe use are also suggested. This type of approach, which should be undertaken for the different components of a therapeutic system, highlights the challenges that must be faced in the immediate future for the development and safe exploitation of HIFU systems. The necessity for standard definitions of the parameters to be checked or monitored during HIFU treatments is crucial in this approach, as is the availability of reliable dedicated measurement devices. Co-ordinated action on these topics in the HIFU community would contribute to the demonstration of the safe use of high power ultrasound in therapy, thus enhancing the chance of its recognition by medical and institutional organisations.

Fleury, Gérard; Berriet, Rémi; Chapelon, Jean Yves; ter Haar, Gail; Lafon, Cyril; Le Baron, Olivier; Chupin, Laurent; Pichonnat, Fabrice; Lenormand, Jérôme

2005-03-01

422

Generalized spinfoams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We reconsider the spinfoam dynamics that has been recently introduced, in the generalized Kami?ski-Kisielowski-Lewandowski (KKL) version where the foam is not dual to a triangulation. We study the Euclidean as well as the Lorentzian case. We show that this theory can still be obtained as a constrained BF theory satisfying the simplicity constraint, now discretized on a general oriented 2-cell complex. This constraint implies that boundary states admit a (quantum) geometrical interpretation in terms of polyhedra, generalizing the tetrahedral geometry of the simplicial case. We also point out that the general solution to this constraint (imposed weakly) depends on a quantum number rf in addition to those of loop quantum gravity. We compute the vertex amplitude and recover the KKL amplitude in the Euclidean theory when rf=0. We comment on the eventual physical relevance of rf, and the formal way to eliminate it.

Ding, You; Han, Muxin; Rovelli, Carlo

2011-06-01

423

Generalized Hellerstein  

E-print Network

jmh ­ GiST 1/19/96, p 1 GiST: A Generalized Search Tree for Database Systems Joe Hellerstein UC Berkeley #12; jmh ­ GiST 1/19/96, p 2 Road Map n Motivation n Intuition on Generalized Search Trees n Overview of GiST ADT n Example indices: integers, polygons & sets n Implementation challenges n Open

California at Irvine, University of

424

Reformation in Practices and Policies Regarding Public School Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the many sections of Dallas, SMU's campus is definitely one of the safest. Many contributing reasons for this include the active police force and campus security. Besides the manpower, the campus has a safe feel due to the many other precautions that the school has taken. An example of these precautions is the emergency text messaging and email system,

James Petersen; Angelle McBride

2008-01-01

425

Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility Appendix A: Safety Requirements  

SciTech Connect

These rules apply to all LLNL employees, non-LLNL employees (including contract labor, supplemental labor, vendors, personnel matrixed/assigned from other National Laboratories, participating guests, visitors and students) and construction contractors/subcontractors. The General Safety and Health rules shall be used by management to promote accident prevention through indoctrination, safety and health training and on-the-job application. As a condition for contracts award, all contractors and subcontractors and their employees must certify on Form S & H A-1 that they have read and understand, or have been briefed and understand, the National Ignition Facility OCIP Project General Safety Rules.

Cerruti, S.J.

1997-01-14

426

49 CFR 192.479 - Atmospheric corrosion control: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Atmospheric corrosion control: General. 192.479 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.479 Atmospheric corrosion control: General. (a) Each...

2012-10-01

427

49 CFR 192.479 - Atmospheric corrosion control: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Atmospheric corrosion control: General. 192.479 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.479 Atmospheric corrosion control: General. (a) Each...

2010-10-01

428

49 CFR 192.479 - Atmospheric corrosion control: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Atmospheric corrosion control: General. 192.479 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.479 Atmospheric corrosion control: General. (a) Each...

2011-10-01

429

Development of an autoland system for general aviation aircraft  

E-print Network

Accidents due to engine failure, pilot disorientation or pilot incapacitation occur far more frequently in general aviation than in commercial aviation, yet general aviation aircraft are equipped with less safety-enhancing ...

Siegel, Diana

2012-01-01

430

49 CFR 192.479 - Atmospheric corrosion control: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Atmospheric corrosion control: General. 192.479 Section...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Requirements for Corrosion Control § 192.479 Atmospheric corrosion control: General. (a) Each...

2013-10-01

431

33 CFR 164.30 - Charts, publications, and equipment: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Charts, publications, and equipment: General...NAVIGATION SAFETY REGULATIONS § 164.30 Charts, publications, and equipment: General...vessel unless the vessel has the marine charts, publications, and equipment as...

2010-07-01

432

33 CFR 164.30 - Charts, publications, and equipment: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Charts, publications, and equipment: General...NAVIGATION SAFETY REGULATIONS § 164.30 Charts, publications, and equipment: General...vessel unless the vessel has the marine charts, publications, and equipment as...

2011-07-01

433

33 CFR 164.30 - Charts, publications, and equipment: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Charts, publications, and equipment: General...NAVIGATION SAFETY REGULATIONS § 164.30 Charts, publications, and equipment: General...vessel unless the vessel has the marine charts, publications, and equipment as...

2013-07-01

434

33 CFR 164.30 - Charts, publications, and equipment: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Charts, publications, and equipment: General...NAVIGATION SAFETY REGULATIONS § 164.30 Charts, publications, and equipment: General...vessel unless the vessel has the marine charts, publications, and equipment as...

2012-07-01

435

Safety. Unit 8: A Core Curriculum of Related Instruction for Apprentices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The safety education unit is presented to assist apprentices to acquire a general knowledge of procedures for insuring safety on the job. The unit consists of 10 modules: (1) the Occupational Safety and Health Act: safety and health bill of rights for workers; (2) accident prevention; (3) first aid; (4) accident reports; importance, use, and how…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Occupational and Career Curriculum Development.

436

OHS Report# 02-099a, 06/26/08 ELECTRICAL SAFETY  

E-print Network

OHS Report# 02-099a, 06/26/08 ELECTRICAL SAFETY The danger of injury through electrical shock safety is currently addressed in the General Safety Training (EHS 103). Specific electrical hazards procedures. Below are basic electrical safety rules, taken from Stanford University's Code of Safe Practices

437

Good housekeeping: Safety and order in the scientific laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory safety might not seem, at first, to be very profoundly related to scientific knowledge. Of course safety is a relatively trivial issue in many scientific settings, especially in comparison to the kind of safety concerns found, say, at a construction site or a chemical plant. However, as scientific work has come to involve more exotic chemicals, biological organisms, and forms of radiation, and generally become more industrial in character, safety has become more of a concern. This has occurred alongside a general expansion of government regulation of workplace safety during the 20thc entury, and a recent trend toward extending work lace safety efforts to new kinds of work, including administrative and professional tasks. As a result of these trends, scientists find that they are increasingly being held responsible for following safety regulations in their re{approx}earc

Sims, B. H. (Benjamin H.)

2002-01-01

438

Teaching Science: Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Before entering the world of pipettes and Geiger counters, budding scientists will need to know about lab safety. Science educators will benefit from this laboratory safety site, developed by Professor Norman Herr, who teaches at California State University, Northridge. On his site, Professor Herr provides topically organized links that fall into the areas of safety standards, chemical hazards, chemical storage, and five other relevant topics. Within each section, visitors will find links to state safety standards, sample laboratory safety contracts, and fact sheets on chemical hazards. One potentially delightful classroom activity is the laboratory safety "scavenger hunt". Through this activity, students will learn about storage requirements, chemical risks, and other potential delicate matters.

439

SCALE criticality safety verification and validation package  

SciTech Connect

Verification and validation (V and V) are essential elements of software quality assurance (QA) for computer codes that are used for performing scientific calculations. V and V provides a means to ensure the reliability and accuracy of such software. As part of the SCALE QA and V and V plans, a general V and V package for the SCALE criticality safety codes has been assembled, tested and documented. The SCALE criticality safety V and V package is being made available to SCALE users through the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) to assist them in performing adequate V and V for their SCALE applications.

Bowman, S.M.; Emmett, M.B.; Jordan, W.C.

1998-01-01

440

UC-San Diego Laboratory Safety Videos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California-San Diego has gone above and beyond with this marvelous collection of laboratory safety videos. Designed for use in academic settings, these short and informative videos provide a wealth of information. Currently there are twelve videos on the site and they include "Flash Chromatography 101," "Basic Fume Hood Air Flow and Operation," and "How to Handle Pyrophoric Reagents." One of the more fun videos here is "The Periodic Table of Videos," which offers a brief video on each of the elements. Visitors should also note that the site includes helpful information about general lab safety and chemical safety training.

2012-01-01

441

Primary battery design and safety guidelines handbook  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This handbook provides engineers and safety personnel with guidelines for the safe design or selection and use of primary batteries in spaceflight programs. Types of primary batteries described are silver oxide zinc alkaline, carbon-zinc, zinc-air alkaline, manganese dioxide-zionc alkaline, mercuric oxide-zinc alkaline, and lithium anode cells. Along with typical applications, the discussions of the individual battery types include electrochemistry, construction, capacities and configurations, and appropriate safety measures. A chapter on general battery safety covers hazard sources and controls applicable to all battery types. Guidelines are given for qualification and acceptance testing that should precede space applications. Permissible failure levels for NASA applications are discussed.

Bragg, Bobby J.; Casey, John E.; Trout, J. Barry

1994-12-01

442

Primary battery design and safety guidelines handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This handbook provides engineers and safety personnel with guidelines for the safe design or selection and use of primary batteries in spaceflight programs. Types of primary batteries described are silver oxide zinc alkaline, carbon-zinc, zinc-air alkaline, manganese dioxide-zionc alkaline, mercuric oxide-zinc alkaline, and lithium anode cells. Along with typical applications, the discussions of the individual battery types include electrochemistry, construction, capacities and configurations, and appropriate safety measures. A chapter on general battery safety covers hazard sources and controls applicable to all battery types. Guidelines are given for qualification and acceptance testing that should precede space applications. Permissible failure levels for NASA applications are discussed.

Bragg, Bobby J.; Casey, John E.; Trout, J. Barry

1994-01-01

443

Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety  

E-print Network

Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain medical conditions such as pacemakers, magnetic implants, or embedded shrapnel. In addition, high magnetic

McQuade, D. Tyler

444

Occupational Health and Safety Manual  

E-print Network

Occupational Health and Safety Manual #12;1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 York University Occupational Health and Safety Policy and Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Occupational Health and Safety Legislation

445

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

446

Spacecraft Fire Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fire detection, fire standards and testing, fire extinguishment, inerting and atmospheres, fire-related medical science, aircraft fire safety, Space Station safety concerns, microgravity combustion, spacecraft material flammability testing, and metal combustion are among the topics considered.

Margle, Janice M. (editor)

1987-01-01

447

Aviation safety analysis  

E-print Network

Introduction: Just as the aviation system is complex and interrelated, so is aviation safety. Aviation safety involves design of aircraft and airports, training of ground personnel and flight crew members' maintenance of ...

Ausrotas, Raymond A.

1984-01-01

448

Facility safety study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The safety of NASA's in house microelectronics facility is addressed. Industrial health standards, facility emission control requirements, operation and safety checklists, and the disposal of epitaxial vent gas are considered.

1979-01-01

449

Generalized TBA and generalized Gibbs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the extension of the thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz to cases in which additional terms involving higher conserved charges are added to the Hamiltonian, or in which a distinction is made between the Hamiltonian used for time evolution and that used for defining the density matrix. Writing down equations describing the saddle-point (pseudo-equilibrium) state of the infinite system, we prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions provided simple requirements are met. We show how a knowledge of the saddle-point rapidity distribution is equivalent to that of all generalized inverse temperatures and how the standard equilibrium equations for e.g. excitations are simply generalized.

Mossel, Jorn; Caux, Jean-Sébastien

2012-06-01

450

Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility, Appendix A  

SciTech Connect

Topics covered in this appendix include: General Rules-Code of Safe Practices; 2. Personal Protective Equipment; Hazardous Material Control; Traffic Control; Fire Prevention; Sanitation and First Aid; Confined Space Safety Requirements; Ladders and Stairways; Scaffolding and Lift Safety; Machinery, Vehicles, and Heavy Equipment; Welding and Cutting-General; Arc Welding; Oxygen/Acetylene Welding and Cutting; Excavation, Trenching, and Shoring; Fall Protection; Steel Erection; Working With Asbestos; Radiation Safety; Hand Tools; Electrical Safety; Nonelectrical Work Performed Near Exposed High-Voltage Power-Distribution Equipment; Lockout/Tagout Requirements; Rigging; A-Cranes; Housekeeping; Material Handling and Storage; Lead; Concrete and Masonry Construction.

Cerruti, S.J.

1997-06-26

451

Electrical safety guidelines  

SciTech Connect

The Electrical Safety Guidelines prescribes the DOE safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety standards and guidance for DOE installations in order to affect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of these guidelines are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

Not Available

1993-09-01

452

Generic safety documentation model  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended to be a resource for preparers of safety documentation for Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico facilities. It provides standardized discussions of some topics that are generic to most, if not all, Sandia/NM facilities safety documents. The material provides a ``core`` upon which to develop facility-specific safety documentation. The use of the information in this document will reduce the cost of safety document preparation and improve consistency of information.

Mahn, J.A.

1994-04-01

453

Environmental Health and Safety Fire and Life Safety Laboratory Assessment  

E-print Network

. First aid kits are clearly visible, unobstructed and well stocked. #12;Electrical Safety # ComplianceEnvironmental Health and Safety Fire and Life Safety Laboratory Assessment PI: _________________________________ Date: ______________________________________ Inspection Finding Categories: A. No items of safety

454

ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION Chapter 42: Subcontractor Safety  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION Chapter 42: Subcontractor Safety Quick Start managers (FCMs and SMs), procurement specialists, Environment, Safety, and Health (ESH) coordinators, Environment, Safety, Health, and Quality (ESHQ) Division representatives, and subcontractor management

Wechsler, Risa H.

455

General Relativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has recently been shown by Goldberg et al that the holonomy group of the chiral spin-connection is preserved under time evolution in vacuum general relativity. Here, the underlying reason for the time- independence of the holonomy group is traced to the self-duality of the curvature 2-form for an Einstein space. This observation reveals that the holonomy group is time-independent

Ted Jacobson; Joseph D. Romano

1970-01-01

456

General remarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mixing of living human and animal biological material to create chimeras or hybrids (“chimbrids”) challenges our understanding\\u000a of what it is to be a member of the human species. Cellular, embryonic, foetal and post-natal human-animal mixtures raise\\u000a a wide range of conceptual, ethical and legal problems. General scientific, ethical and legal issues have to be considered\\u000a as well as the

Jochen Taupitz; Marion Weschka

457

Protection and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several aspects of school safety and protection are presented for school administrators and architects. Among those topics discussed are--(1) life safety, (2) vandalism controlled through proper design, (3) personal protective devices, and (4) fire alarm systems. Another critical factor in providing a complete school safety program is proper…

American School Board Journal, 1964

1964-01-01

458

Demonstrating Usability and Safety  

E-print Network

Demonstrating Usability and Safety Ben-Tzion (Bentzi) Karsh, PhD Professor Industrial and Systems Engineering Family Medicine Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety University of Wisconsin 7804 · Critical usability issues that can affect safety #12;Who believes that there is a relationship

459

Improving operating room safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the introduction of the Universal Protocol, patient safety in surgery remains a daily challenge in the operating room. This present study describes one community health system's efforts to improve operating room safety through human factors training and ultimately the development of a surgical checklist. Using a combination of formal training, local studies documenting operating room safety issues and peer

Scott N Hurlbert; Jill Garrett

2009-01-01

460

Four Simple Food Safety  

E-print Network

Four Simple Steps to Food Safety Cook: To prevent listeriosis, cook to proper temperatures and use ready-to-eat foods promptly. (within 2 hours) Listeriosis Food Safety to Protect Your Family Clean: Wash Information and Seafood Hotline: 1-888-SAFE FOOD Partnership for Food Safety Education Web Site www

Garfunkel, Eric

461

Annual Fire Safety Report  

E-print Network

2010 Annual Fire Safety Report University of California, Irvine HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY to the Fire Safety in Student Housing Buildings of current or perspective students and employees be reported INTRODUCTION Fire Safety is an essential tool in protecting a campus community from injuries, deaths, business

Loudon, Catherine

462

Refocusing electrical safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electrical safety needs to be refocused. Over the last few years there has been tremendous attention given to the arc flash hazard phenomenon. Even though this hazard needs attention to reduce the number of injuries occurring because of it in some ways it has become the predominate focus of electrical safety. Electrical safety is more than just the arc flash

D. Liggett

2004-01-01

463

EFCOG / DOE Electrical Safety  

E-print Network

EFCOG / DOE Electrical Safety Improvement Project Project Area 4 ­Performance Measurement is not intended to be used to develop electrical safety program requirements. Since NFPA 70E does not cover all of electrical hazards used in the DOE Electrical Safety Handbook and laboratory programs. Thus, portions

464

Refocusing Electrical Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electrical safety needs to be refocused. Over the last few years, there has been tremendous attention given to the arc flash hazard phenomenon. Even though this hazard needs attention to reduce the number of injuries occurring because of it, in some ways, it has become the predominate focus of electrical safety. Electrical safety is more than just the arc flash

Danny Liggett

2006-01-01

465

Electrical safety by design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper defines and emphasizes the concept of “Safety by Design” and outlines suggestions for consideration and application by designers, engineers, manufacturers and users of low, medium and high voltage power equipment as well as control equipment to enhance the safety of personnel, equipment and facility. The “Safety by Design” concept encourages all concerned to consider and optimize design ideas

D. Mohla; L. B. McClung; N. R. Rafferty

1999-01-01

466

DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY  

E-print Network

DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 by a qualified worker to determine the required safety-related work practices. When an electrical hazard exists for enhanced worker safety. #12;Page 5 of 139 3.2 ELECTRICAL HAZARDS There are numerous injury mechanisms from

467

Health, Safety & Wellbeing Policy  

E-print Network

Health, Safety & Wellbeing Policy Statement The University of Glasgow is one of the four oldest our very best to minimise the risk to the health, safety and wellbeing of staff, students, researchers resource and our students as our valued customers and partners. We acknowledge health and safety as a core

Mottram, Nigel

468

Virtual Safety Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multimedia Tool Box Talk is a web-based quick reference safety guide and training tool for construction personnel. An intended outcome of this effort was to provide an efficient and effective way to locate and interpret crucial safety information while at the job site. The tool includes information from the Occupational Safety and Health…

Fuller, Scott; Davis, Jason

2003-01-01

469

System theoretic framework for assuring safety and dependability of highly integrated aero engine control systems  

E-print Network

The development of complex, safety-critical systems for aero-engine control is subject to the, often competing, demands for higher safety and reduced development cost. Although the commercial aerospace industry has a general ...

Atherton, Malvern J

2005-01-01

470

47 CFR 27.303 - Upper 700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone. 27.303 Section 27.303...700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone. (a) General. CMRS...operators have notified, or initiated coordination with, a Commission-approved...

2013-10-01

471

47 CFR 27.303 - Upper 700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone. 27.303 Section 27.303...700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone. (a) General. CMRS...operators have notified, or initiated coordination with, a Commission-approved...

2012-10-01

472

47 CFR 27.303 - Upper 700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone. 27.303 Section 27.303...700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone. (a) General. CMRS...operators have notified, or initiated coordination with, a Commission-approved...

2010-10-01

473

47 CFR 27.303 - Upper 700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone. 27.303 Section 27.303...700 MHz commercial and public safety coordination zone. (a) General. CMRS...operators have notified, or initiated coordination with, a Commission-approved...

2011-10-01

474

21 CFR 70.42 - Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives.  

21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01...Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives. 70.42 Section 70.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...GENERAL COLOR ADDITIVES Safety Evaluation §...

2014-04-01

475

21 CFR 70.42 - Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01...Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives. 70.42 Section 70.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...GENERAL COLOR ADDITIVES Safety Evaluation §...

2013-04-01

476

21 CFR 70.42 - Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01...Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives. 70.42 Section 70.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...GENERAL COLOR ADDITIVES Safety Evaluation §...

2011-04-01

477

21 CFR 70.42 - Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01...Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives. 70.42 Section 70.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...GENERAL COLOR ADDITIVES Safety Evaluation §...

2012-04-01

478

Safety and IVHM  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When we address safety in a book on the business case for IVHM, the question arises whether safety isn t inherently in conflict with the need of operators to run their systems as efficiently (and as cost effectively) as possible. The answer may be that the system needs to be just as safe as needed, but not significantly more. That begs the next question: How safe is safe enough? Several regulatory bodies provide guidelines for operational safety, but irrespective of that, operators do not want their systems to be known as lacking safety. We illuminate the role of safety within the context of IVHM.

Goebel, Kai

2012-01-01

479

Food Safety Attitudes in College Students: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of a Conceptual Model  

PubMed Central

College students are one of the most at-risk population groups for food poisoning, due to risky food safety behaviors. Using the Likert Scale, undergraduate students were asked to participate in a Food Safety Survey which was completed by 499 students ages 18–25. Data was analyzed using SPSS and AMOS statistical software. Four conceptual definitions regarding food safety were defined as: general food safety, bacterial food safety, produce food safety, and politics associated with food safety. Knowledge seems to be an important factor in shaping students attitudes regarding general and bacterial safety. Ethnicity plays a role in how people view the politics of food safety, and the safety of organic foods. PMID:23364131

Booth, Rachelle; Hernandez, Magaly; Baker, Erica L.; Grajales, Tevni; Pribis, Peter

2013-01-01

480

Food safety attitudes in college students: a structural equation modeling analysis of a conceptual model.  

PubMed

College students are one of the most at-risk population groups for food poisoning, due to risky food safety behaviors. Using the Likert Scale, undergraduate students were asked to participate in a Food Safety Survey which was completed by 499 students ages 18-25. Data was analyzed using SPSS and AMOS statistical software. Four conceptual definitions regarding food safety were defined as: general food safety, bacterial food safety, produce food safety, and politics associated with food safety. Knowledge seems to be an important factor in shaping students attitudes regarding general and bacterial safety. Ethnicity plays a role in how people view the politics of food safety, and the safety of organic foods. PMID:23364131

Booth, Rachelle; Hernandez, Magaly; Baker, Erica L; Grajales, Tevni; Pribis, Peter

2013-02-01

481

Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety  

E-print Network

Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety and Security Panagiotis Scarlatos, Ph.D., Director Transportation Safety and Security #12;Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety and Security Partners #12 evacuations · Tracking systems for hazardous materials Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety

Fernandez, Eduardo

482

Food Safety and Raw Milk  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Food Safety Share Compartir Food Safety and Raw Milk Real-Life Raw Milk Stories ... 4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 Contact CDC–INFO Food Safety Homepage CDC and Food Safety About Foodborne Illness ...

483

Toolbox Safety Talk Confined Spaces  

E-print Network

Toolbox Safety Talk Confined Spaces Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Many Cornell University facilities and utilities Hazards Other hazards may include electrical hazards, mechanical hazards, chemical hazards, steam hazards

Pawlowski, Wojtek

484

Toolbox Safety Talk Material Handling  

E-print Network

Toolbox Safety Talk Material Handling Environmental Health & Safety Occupational Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Housekeeping & Storage - Housekeeping is everyone stations, fire alarms & extinguishers, and electrical panels Limit quantities of stored materials

Pawlowski, Wojtek

485

Chemical Hygiene and Safety Plan  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this Chemical Hygiene and Safety Plan (CHSP) is to provide specific guidance to all LBL employees and contractors who use hazardous chemicals. This Plan, when implemented, fulfills the requirements of both the Federal OSHA Laboratory Standard (29 CFR 1910.1450) for laboratory workers, and the Federal OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) for non-laboratory operations (e.g., shops). It sets forth safety procedures and describes how LBL employees are informed about the potential chemical hazards in their work areas so they can avoid harmful exposures and safeguard their health. Generally, communication of this Plan will occur through training and the Plan will serve as a the framework and reference guide for that training.

Berkner, K.

1992-08-01

486

NASA Software Safety Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

If software is a critical element in a safety critical system, it is imperative to implement a systematic approach to software safety as an integral part of the overall system safety programs. The NASA-STD-8719.13A, "NASA Software Safety Standard", describes the activities necessary to ensure that safety is designed into software that is acquired or developed by NASA, and that safety is maintained throughout the software life cycle. A PDF version, is available on the WWW from Lewis. A Guidebook that will assist in the implementation of the requirements in the Safety Standard is under development at the Lewis Research Center (LeRC). After completion, it will also be available on the WWW from Lewis.

Rosenberg, Linda

1997-01-01

487

General Aviation Aircraft Reliability Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This reliability study was performed in order to provide the aviation community with an estimate of Complex General Aviation (GA) Aircraft System reliability. To successfully improve the safety and reliability for the next generation of GA aircraft, a study of current GA aircraft attributes was prudent. This was accomplished by benchmarking the reliability of operational Complex GA Aircraft Systems. Specifically, Complex GA Aircraft System reliability was estimated using data obtained from the logbooks of a random sample of the Complex GA Aircraft population.

Pettit, Duane; Turnbull, Andrew; Roelant, Henk A. (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

488

Traceability of Software Safety Requirements in Legacy Safety Critical Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

How can traceability of software safety requirements be created for legacy safety critical systems? Requirements in safety standards are imposed most times during contract negotiations. On the other hand, there are instances where safety standards are levied on legacy safety critical systems, some of which may be considered for reuse for new applications. Safety standards often specify that software development documentation include process-oriented and technical safety requirements, and also require that system and software safety analyses are performed supporting technical safety requirements implementation. So what can be done if the requisite documents for establishing and maintaining safety requirements traceability are not available?

Hill, Janice L.

2007-01-01

489

Improving perinatal and neonatal patient safety: The AHRQ patient safety indicators.  

PubMed

This study reviews the development and implementation of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) patient safety indicators (PSIs). The genesis of the use of administrative data as a tool to combat safety problems is presented, and how indicators were constructed using various administrative codes. Examples of how the PSIs are being used to identify potential safety problems within the general population are presented, with a special emphasis on how these are being used within the perinatal and neonatal arena to understand current issues within that subpopulation. Results from studies within the general population and targeted at perinatal and neonatal patients are presented. Finally, suggestions are discussed for clinicians to use the AHRQ PSIs as one of their early warning tools for potential safety-related problems. PMID:15796421

Johnson, Christopher E; Handberg, Eileen; Dobalian, Aram; Gurol, Neslihan; Pearson, Vivian

2005-01-01

490

Principles of Safety Pharmacology  

PubMed Central

Safety Pharmacology is a rapidly developing discipline that uses the basic principles of pharmacology in a regulatory-driven process to generate data to inform risk/benefit assessment. The aim of Safety Pharmacology is to characterize the pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic (PK/PD) relationship of a drug's adverse effects using continuously evolving methodology. Unlike toxicology, Safety Pharmacology includes within its remit a regulatory requirement to predict the risk of rare lethal events. This gives Safety Pharmacology its unique character. The key issues for Safety Pharmacology are detection of an adverse effect liability, projection of the data into safety margin calculation and finally clinical safety monitoring. This article sets out to explain the drivers for Safety Pharmacology so that the wider pharmacology community is better placed to understand the discipline. It concludes with a summary of principles that may help inform future resolution of unmet needs (especially establishing model validation for accurate risk assessment). Subsequent articles in this issue of the journal address specific aspects of Safety Pharmacology to explore the issues of model choice, the burden of proof and to highlight areas of intensive activity (such as testing for drug-induced rare event liability, and the challenge of testing the safety of so-called biologics (antibodies, gene therapy and so on.). PMID:18604233

Pugsley, M K; Authier, S; Curtis, M J

2008-01-01

491

Issues affecting advanced passive light-water reactor safety analysis  

SciTech Connect

Next generation commercial reactor designs emphasize enhanced safety through improved safety system reliability and performance by means of system simplification and reliance on immutable natural forces for system operation. Simulating the performance of these safety systems will be central to analytical safety evaluation of advanced passive reactor designs. Yet the characteristically small driving forces of these safety systems pose challenging computational problems to current thermal-hydraulic systems analysis codes. Additionally, the safety systems generally interact closely with one another, requiring accurate, integrated simulation of the nuclear steam supply system, engineered safeguards and containment. Furthermore, numerical safety analysis of these advanced passive reactor designs wig necessitate simulation of long-duration, slowly-developing transients compared with current reactor designs. The composite effects of small computational inaccuracies on induced system interactions and perturbations over long periods may well lead to predicted results which are significantly different than would otherwise be expected or might actually occur. Comparisons between the engineered safety features of competing US advanced light water reactor designs and analogous present day reactor designs are examined relative to the adequacy of existing thermal-hydraulic safety codes in predicting the mechanisms of passive safety. Areas where existing codes might require modification, extension or assessment relative to passive safety designs are identified. Conclusions concerning the applicability of these codes to advanced passive light water reactor safety analysis are presented.

Beelman, R.J.; Fletcher, C.D.; Modro, S.M.

1992-08-01

492

Issues affecting advanced passive light-water reactor safety analysis  

SciTech Connect

Next generation commercial reactor designs emphasize enhanced safety through improved safety system reliability and performance by means of system simplification and reliance on immutable natural forces for system operation. Simulating the performance of these safety systems will be central to analytical safety evaluation of advanced passive reactor designs. Yet the characteristically small driving forces of these safety systems pose challenging computational problems to current thermal-hydraulic systems analysis codes. Additionally, the safety systems generally interact closely with one another, requiring accurate, integrated simulation of the nuclear steam supply system, engineered safeguards and containment. Furthermore, numerical safety analysis of these advanced passive reactor designs wig necessitate simulation of long-duration, slowly-developing transients compared with current reactor designs. The composite effects of small computational inaccuracies on induced system interactions and perturbations over long periods may well lead to predicted results which are significantly different than would otherwise be expected or might actually occur. Comparisons between the engineered safety features of competing US advanced light water reactor designs and analogous present day reactor designs are examined relative to the adequacy of existing thermal-hydraulic safety codes in predicting the mechanisms of passive safety. Areas where existing codes might require modification, extension or assessment relative to passive safety designs are identified. Conclusions concerning the applicability of these codes to advanced passive light water reactor safety analysis are presented.

Beelman, R.J.; Fletcher, C.D.; Modro, S.M.

1992-01-01

493

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves  

E-print Network

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves at an unsafe speed · Failure to check mirrors often Fleet Safety: Backing Accidents Safety Tip #2 Accidents hurt-- safety doesn't. All backing accidents are preventable. The key is to plan ahead to avoid backing

Minnesota, University of

494

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Over the years, many techniques and methods have been  

E-print Network

for Occupational Safety and Health www.cdc.gov/niosh #12;Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Over the years, many techniques and methods have been, especially to the lower back. DON'T TWIST! Safe Lifting Techniques Safety Tip #6 Don't learn safety

Minnesota, University of

495

Handbook of road safety research  

SciTech Connect

This book describes the road safety, accident investigation or vehicle and highway design. This book also discusses the nature and cause of road accidents. It discusses the following contents: Forward; Preface; The main features of the accident situation in Great Britain; The interacting roles of road environment, vehicle and road user in accidents; Roads - features which may be related to accidents; Movements of vehicles and road users before accidents; What happens to vehicles during and after accidents; Injuries to road users; The potential for savings in accidents involving injury; General remarks on accident investigation; Appendices References.

Grime, G.

1987-01-01

496

Occupational Analysis: Safety and Health Coordinator  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this document which includes an overview of general required competencies for safety and health coordinators in the workplace. General areas of competence such as monitoring health and physical hazards in the work environment, conducting audits and providing information are included, as well as specific tasks in each category. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-03-09

497

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Hospital Safety Culture in Taiwan: A Nationwide Survey Using Chinese Version Safety Attitude Questionnaire  

E-print Network

Background: Safety activities have been initiated at many hospitals in Taiwan, but little is known about the safety culture at these hospitals. The aims of this study were to verify a safety culture survey instrument in Chinese and to assess hospital safety culture in Taiwan. Methods: The Taiwan Patient Safety Culture Survey was conducted in 2008, using the adapted Safety Attitude Questionnaire in Chinese (SAQ-C). Hospitals and their healthcare workers participated in the survey on a voluntary basis. The psychometric properties of the five SAQ-C dimensions were examined, including teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, perception of management, and working conditions. Additional safety measures were asked to assess healthcare workers ’ attitudes toward their collaboration with nurses, physicians, and pharmacists, respectively, and perceptions of hospitals ’ encouragement of safety reporting, safety training, and delivery delays due to communication breakdowns in clinical areas. The associations between the respondents’ attitudes to each SAQ-C dimension and safety measures were analyzed by generalized estimating equations, adjusting for the clustering effects at hospital levels. Results: A total of 45,242 valid questionnaires were returned from 200 hospitals with a mean response rate of 69.4%. The Cronbach’s alpha was 0.792 for teamwork climate, 0.816 for safety climate, 0.912 for job satisfaction,

Angela Fan; Hsin-hsin Chen; Han-chuan Yang; Sheng-mou Hou

498

Nuclear safety after Chernobyl  

SciTech Connect

This paper discussed the safety of nuclear reactors. The authors examined some of the safety problems associated with the accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island. He stressed the need to reduce the frequency of accidents and the need for greater preparation for the consequences of inevitable failures. He stated that future accidents would be unlikely to replicate the past, that nuclear safety issues need to be addressed broadly and that reforms need to be introduced quickly.

Flavin, C.

1987-07-01

499

Thermal reactor safety  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented concerning new trends in licensing; seismic considerations and system structural behavior; TMI-2 risk assessment and thermal hydraulics; statistical assessment of potential accidents and verification of computational methods; issues with respect to improved safety; human factors in nuclear power plant operation; diagnostics and activities in support of recovery; LOCA transient analysis; unresolved safety issues and other safety considerations; and fission product transport.

Not Available

1980-06-01

500

21 CFR 170.35 - Affirmation of generally recognized as safe (GRAS) status.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.35 Affirmation of generally recognized...the petition or relevant portions thereof to the Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA, for...

2010-04-01