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1

Safety Precautions for Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safety information is discussed and outlined in this guide. Areas include: (1) general laboratory safety rules; (2) general rules and guidelines for animals in the elementary classroom; (3) general guidelines for the physical sciences; (4) general rules for using animals in investigations, with specifics on the care and handling of mammals,…

Folks, John; And Others

2

Safety Precautions. Child Health and Safety Series (Module I).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for parents and child care personnel in day care homes and centers provides guidelines and information on indoor and outdoor safety precautions, emergency preparation and first aid. Contents focus on monitoring arrivals and departures, prevention of suffocation and strangulation, control of pets and other animals, preventing and…

Iscoe, Louise; And Others

3

Toolbox Safety Talk Safety Precautions for  

E-print Network

for the presence of mercury in cup sinks; EH&S can assist with the cleanup of any mercury contamination. GENERAL lining, fume hood lining and all internal exhaust components for potential contamination with chemical residues. If potential contamination is identified, contact EHS for assistance. If heated perchloric acid

Pawlowski, Wojtek

4

Key Rules of the Safety Precautions  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In research on phytochemical investigations, we use some equipment and materials which can be hazardous to employees or our environment if suitable precautions are not taken. Certain hazards exist and risks must be carefully considered and examined. The objective of this chapter is to minimize or ...

5

Food Safety Policy General Policy Statement  

E-print Network

Food Safety Policy General Policy Statement St. Anne's College has a commitment to food safety. The College takes all reasonable precaution and exercises all due diligence to ensure that food which and maintain these standards, the College: Designates managers who have a special responsibility for food

6

First-day iodine kinetics is useful for individualizing radiation safety precautions for thyroid carcinoma patients  

PubMed Central

Objective There is considerable variation in the national regulations of different countries for the release of patients from hospitals after radioiodine therapy. Individual variations make these practices, when based on the worst case scenarios, too restrictive for the majority of patients. However, there are cases in which strict rules are needed to comply with the dose limits to other individuals, especially children. We have developed a method to individualize radiation safety precautions. Materials and methods Twenty-three patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma were included in the study. Four weeks after thyroidectomy, 1.1–3.7 GBq of radioiodine was administered and iodine kinetics were followed with external measurements until hospital discharge. The absorbed dose at the wrist holder was measured with thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) during hospital stay and after hospital discharge for up to 1 week. The TLD results were compared with the iodine kinetics. The dose to other individuals was estimated with extra TLDs located both on the patient’s bed and given to family members. The kinetics data were fitted in both monoexponential and biexponential models and both for the full measurement period (down to the residual activity level<400 MBq) and for the first 24 h after radioiodine administration. Results The biexponential model was capable of predicting the cumulated dose up to 1 week for both the longer and the shorter measured data set. The occupancy factors both for a person sleeping on the same bed and for a person living in the same apartment with the patient were in agreement with the recommended occupancy factor values of the American Thyroid Association. From these findings it is possible to individualize radiation safety precautions by taking into account the iodine pharmacokinetics and living conditions of a patient. Conclusion By measuring the activity content within the body for the first 24 h after radioiodine administration it is possible to individualize radiation safety precautions for thyroid carcinoma patients. PMID:24077636

Lehtonen, Saija; Heikkonen, Jorma; Halonen, Päivi; Mäenpää, Hanna

2013-01-01

7

Rensselaer Ebola Safety Precautions The 2014 Ebola epidemic is affecting multiple countries in West Africa and certain locations  

E-print Network

Rensselaer Ebola Safety Precautions The 2014 Ebola epidemic is affecting multiple countries in West all members of the campus community avoid contact with Ebola. RENSSELAER TRAVEL RESTRICTIONS countries · Caring for anyone who has been diagnosed with Ebola in or out of the country SYMPTOMS: · Fever

8

Isolation precautions  

MedlinePLUS

Isolation precautions create barriers between people and germs. These types of precautions help prevent the spread of ... who visits a hospital patient who has an isolation sign outside their door should stop at the ...

9

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL May 10, 2002 #12;i Acknowledgements Environmental Health and Safety gratefully acknowledges the assistance provided by the University Safety Council extremely helpful. #12;ii Environmental Health and Safety General Safety Manual Table of Contents Section

Maroncelli, Mark

10

[Baclofen and liver cirrhosis: literature review and safety precautions implemented within the system CAMTEA].  

PubMed

The off-label prescribing of high dose baclofen (HDB) has been recently spreading in France. The impact of HDB on subjects with liver cirrhosis remains poorly known. The main pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic data on baclofen result from studies on healthy subjects or using low doses of treatment. The specific biodisponibility and elimination of HDB have not been studied yet in cirrhosis. National pharmacovigilance reports suggest that a careful use of baclofen or even HDB could be possible in compensated cirrhosis. However, theoretical risks of baclofen overdose exist in cases of hepatorenal syndrome or portosystemic shunt. Baclofen could also induce a specific pharmacological potentiation of hepatic encephalopathy and gastropathy. Within CAMTEA, a regional team-based multidisciplinary system for delivering and monitoring off-label medications in alcohol use disorders, a set of predefined precautions for using baclofen in cirrhosis have been implemented, until further information becomes available. These precautions notably consist of a protocolized process for declaring adverse events, and a hepatologic follow-up associated with the usual multidisciplinary care system set up within CAMTEA. PMID:24926632

Rolland, Benjamin; Deheul, Sylvie; Louvet, Alexandre; Gautier, Sophie; Cottencin, Olivier; Bordet, Régis

2014-01-01

11

Top 10 Tips for Earthquake Safety A little knowledge and some simple precautions can help you survive when the Big One  

E-print Network

Top 10 Tips for Earthquake Safety A little knowledge and some simple precautions can help you survive when the Big One strikes. Use these tips to prepare yourself for an earthquake on campus the Earthquake: 1. Be prepared to act. Know how to act so your response is automatic. Identify safe places

Rose, Michael R.

12

Interventional musculoskeletal ultrasonography: Precautions and contraindications.  

PubMed

In recent years ultrasonography (US) has emerged as the imaging technique of choice for guiding diagnostic and therapeutic procedures including those related to the musculoskeletal system. However, the absence of ionizing radiation and the elevated safety of the method must not lead us to forget that there are precautions and contraindications to keep in mind, which are crucial to the protection of both the patient and the physician.Among these precautions it is first of all essential to obtain the patient's accurate clinical history including current medication, particularly if it involves drugs influencing the blood clotting, and information related to possible allergies. The patient should furthermore receive detailed information concerning the procedure (sterile precautions as well as possible side-effects of the drugs which will be injected). In addition to this, there must be a close contact between the radiologist and the patient's general physician (GP) in order to obtain the best possible result of the procedure. PMID:23396633

Draghi, F; Robotti, G; Jacob, D; Bianchi, S

2010-09-01

13

10 CFR 35.615 - Safety precautions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...radiosurgery units. 35.615 Section 35.615 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL Photon Emitting Remote Afterloader Units, Teletherapy Units, and Gamma Stereotactic Radiosurgery Units § 35.615 Safety...

2011-01-01

14

Machine Shop Safety Tips & Safety Guidelines GENERAL SAFETY TIPS  

E-print Network

Machine Shop Safety Tips & Safety Guidelines GENERAL SAFETY TIPS · Safety glasses with side shields distance away from moving machine parts, work pieces, and cutters. · Use hand tools for their designed to oil, clean, adjust, or repair any machine while it is running. Stop the machine and lock the power

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

15

Fall Risk Awareness and Safety Precautions Taken by Older Community-Dwelling Women and Men—A Qualitative Study Using Focus Group Discussions  

PubMed Central

Introduction Daily life requires frequent estimations of the risk of falling and the ability to avoid a fall. The objective of this study was to explore older women’s and men’s understanding of fall risk and their experiences with safety precautions taken to prevent falls. Methods A qualitative study with focus group discussions was conducted. Eighteen community-dwelling people [10 women and 8 men] with and without a history of falls were purposively recruited. Participants were divided into two groups, and each group met four times. A participatory and appreciative action and reflection approach was used to guide the discussions. All discussions were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed by qualitative content analysis, and categories were determined inductively. Findings Three categories describing the process of becoming aware of fall risks in everyday life were identified: 1] Facing various feelings, 2] Recognizing one’s fall risk, and 3] Taking precautions. Each category comprised several subcategories. The comprehensive theme derived from the categories was “Safety precautions through fall risk awareness”. Three strategies of ignoring [continuing a risky activity], gaining insight [realizing the danger in a certain situation], and anticipating [thinking ahead and acting in advance] were related to all choices of actions and could fluctuate in the same person in different contexts. Conclusions The fall risk awareness process might be initiated for various reasons and can involve different feelings and precautions as well as different strategies. This finding highlights that there are many possible channels to reach older people with information about fall risk and fall prevention, including the media and their peers. The findings offer a deeper understanding of older peoples’ conceptualizations about fall risk awareness and make an important contribution to the development and implementation of fall prevention programmes. PMID:25781181

Pohl, Petra; Sandlund, Marlene; Ahlgren, Christina; Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta; Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor; Wikman, Anita Melander

2015-01-01

16

Interventional musculoskeletal ultrasonography: Precautions and contraindications  

PubMed Central

In recent years ultrasonography (US) has emerged as the imaging technique of choice for guiding diagnostic and therapeutic procedures including those related to the musculoskeletal system. However, the absence of ionizing radiation and the elevated safety of the method must not lead us to forget that there are precautions and contraindications to keep in mind, which are crucial to the protection of both the patient and the physician. Among these precautions it is first of all essential to obtain the patient’s accurate clinical history including current medication, particularly if it involves drugs influencing the blood clotting, and information related to possible allergies. The patient should furthermore receive detailed information concerning the procedure (sterile precautions as well as possible side-effects of the drugs which will be injected). In addition to this, there must be a close contact between the radiologist and the patient’s general physician (GP) in order to obtain the best possible result of the procedure. PMID:23396633

Draghi, F.; Robotti, G.; Jacob, D.; Bianchi, S.

2010-01-01

17

Fillers: Contraindications, Side Effects and Precautions  

PubMed Central

Fillers are generally considered safe. However side effects may happen and hence a practicing dermatologist need to be aware of such side effects, contraindicatons and precaution to be adopted while using fillers. PMID:20606987

Lafaille, Philippe; Benedetto, Anthony

2010-01-01

18

30 CFR 57.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Extraneous Electricity-Surface and Underground § 57.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical...

2014-07-01

19

30 CFR 56.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Extraneous Electricity § 56.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical storm, blasting...

2011-07-01

20

30 CFR 57.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Extraneous Electricity-Surface and Underground § 57.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical...

2010-07-01

21

30 CFR 57.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Extraneous Electricity-Surface and Underground § 57.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical...

2012-07-01

22

30 CFR 56.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Extraneous Electricity § 56.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical storm, blasting...

2014-07-01

23

30 CFR 56.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Extraneous Electricity § 56.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical storm, blasting...

2012-07-01

24

30 CFR 57.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Extraneous Electricity-Surface and Underground § 57.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical...

2013-07-01

25

30 CFR 57.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Extraneous Electricity-Surface and Underground § 57.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical...

2011-07-01

26

30 CFR 56.6604 - Precautions during storms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Extraneous Electricity § 56.6604 Precautions during storms. During the approach and progress of an electrical storm, blasting...

2010-07-01

27

The Basics of Universal Precautions: Teaching Staff To Avoid Infection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term universal precautions refers to infection-control measures that all people who work in a camp setting must understand. The basic principles of universal precautions relating to blood and body fluids are outlined with specific examples of safety and prevention measures. A glossary of related terms and a list of recommended readings are…

Brown, Kerry; Squires, Janet

1999-01-01

28

USER MANUAL IMPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  

E-print Network

on the appliance and in the operating instructions should be adhered to. 4. Follow Instructions - All operating and use instructions should be followed. 5. Water and Moisture - The appliance should not be used near water - for example, near a bathtub, washbowl, kitchen sink, laundry tub, in a wet basement, or near

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

29

LABORATORY SAFETY MANUAL (rev. February, 2014) General Laboratory Safety: Information, Policies and Procedures (MNI)  

E-print Network

Laser SafetyLABORATORY SAFETY MANUAL (rev. February, 2014) General Laboratory Safety: Information, Policies and Procedures (MNI) [download this manual from Lab Safety Document Centre - Montreal Neurological Institute

Shoubridge, Eric

30

Deriving and applying generally applicable safety principles  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear detonation safety of modern nuclear weapons depends on a coordinated safety theme incorporating three general safety principles: isolation, inoperability, and incompatibility. The success of this approach has encouraged them to study whether these and/or other principles might be useful in other applications. Not surprisingly, no additional first-principles (based on physical laws) have been identified. However, a more widely applicable definition and application of the principle-based approach has been developed, resulting in a selection of strategies that are basically subsets and varied combinations of the more general principles above. However, identification of principles to be relied on is only one step in providing a safe design. As one other important example, coordinating overall architecture and strategy is essential: the authors term this a safety theme.

Spray, S.D.

1998-08-01

31

Safety Refreshing Training General Safety (Zhengqiang Wang, 30 min)  

E-print Network

EmployeeTraining o GeneralTraining (all researchers) o In person (Lab SafetyTraining ); or o Online (All Specific Training o New employee o Prior to assignments involving new potential exposure o Must cover o SOP is responsible for ensuring that laboratory employees are provided with training about the specific hazards

Thomas, David D.

32

Generalized implementation of software safety policies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of a research program in the engineering of software for safety-critical systems, we are performing two case studies. The first case study, which is well underway, is a safety-critical medical application. The second, which is just starting, is a digital control system for a nuclear research reactor. Our goal is to use these case studies to permit us to obtain a better understanding of the issues facing developers of safety-critical systems, and to provide a vehicle for the assessment of research ideas. The case studies are not based on the analysis of existing software development by others. Instead, we are attempting to create software for new and novel systems in a process that ultimately will involve all phases of the software lifecycle. In this abstract, we summarize our results to date in a small part of this project, namely the determination and classification of policies related to software safety that must be enforced to ensure safe operation. We hypothesize that this classification will permit a general approach to the implementation of a policy enforcement mechanism.

Knight, John C.; Wika, Kevin G.

1994-01-01

33

Toys: More Than Trifles for Play. A Review of the Toy Industry, Educational Claims, Safety Standards and Precautions, Toy Selection and Toy Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reviews literature that is relevant to the evaluation and selection of educational toys. Information is summarized under the following topics: (1) the value of toys and manufacturers' claims; (2) basics of the toy industry; (3) toy hazards and accidents; (4) guidelines for toy selection; (5) toy safety legislation and protection; and…

Evans, Joyce; Stewart, Patricia

34

It Might Have Been: Risk, Precaution, and Opportunity Costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article, which is part of a larger project on the competing merits of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and the precautionary principle (PP) as competing policymaking paradigms for environmental, health, and safety regulation, examines one specific plank of the case against the PP: the claim that the principle's ignorance of the opportunity costs of precaution leads to indeterminate or impoverishing policy

Douglas A. Kysar

2006-01-01

35

Stretching the frontiers of precaution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing pace and impact of technological change in the world underline the growing need for taking due precautions. In this essay the author reviews a number of cases over the past 2 centuries where new technologies have been introduced too rapidly with too little attention to possible consequences and avoidable damage to health or the environment has been caused.

Derek Osborn

36

Phytophthora Control Sites Operational Precautions  

E-print Network

on infected needles and leaves; · Wind, wind borne mists and water courses; · Movement of infected plants; · Movement of contaminated soil, leaves or needles from infected trees and shrubs stuck to footwear, clothing The main precaution is for everyone to ensure that footwear is first cleaned of all soil, needles and plant

37

5Health and Safety Policy General OutlineStatement of Responsibilities for Health and Safety  

E-print Network

5Health and Safety Policy General OutlineStatement of Responsibilities for Health and Safety Every member of the University community has a responsibility to achieve good health and safety practice Statement (see p.4) which sets out the University's commitment to health and safety 2. as an identified set

Haase, Markus

38

Science Education Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Downloadable guides published by the Council of State Science Supervisors (CSSS) that provide information on laboratory safety practices in elementary and secondary schools. Topics include legal issues, the purchase, storage, and disposal of chemicals, chemical hygiene, and response to spills or accidents. There is also information on the use of plants or animals in the lab, protective equipment, laboratory layouts, glassware and electricity precautions, field-trip safety, and other topics. The site also includes a science safety checklist, recommendations for general lab safety, and links to safety information from other websites.

39

10 CFR 35.415 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL...each patient or human research subject who is receiving...patient's or human research subject's room...the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or...

2014-01-01

40

10 CFR 35.415 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL...each patient or human research subject who is receiving...patient's or human research subject's room...the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or...

2013-01-01

41

10 CFR 35.415 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL...each patient or human research subject who is receiving...patient's or human research subject's room...the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or...

2011-01-01

42

10 CFR 35.315 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL...each patient or human research subject who cannot be...patient's or the human research subject's room...the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or...

2013-01-01

43

10 CFR 35.315 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL...each patient or human research subject who cannot be...patient's or the human research subject's room...the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or...

2010-01-01

44

10 CFR 35.415 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL...each patient or human research subject who is receiving...patient's or human research subject's room...the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or...

2012-01-01

45

10 CFR 35.415 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL...each patient or human research subject who is receiving...patient's or human research subject's room...the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or...

2010-01-01

46

Safety Precautions for Total Release Foggers  

MedlinePLUS

... as "bug bombs," are pesticide products containing aerosol propellants that release their contents at once to fumigate ... cockroaches, fleas, and other pests. Because the aerosol propellants in these foggers typically are flammable, improper use ...

47

10 CFR 35.315 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Either monitor material and items removed from the patient's or the human research subject's room to determine that their radioactivity cannot be distinguished from the natural background radiation level with a radiation detection survey instrument set...

2012-01-01

48

10 CFR 35.315 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Either monitor material and items removed from the patient's or the human research subject's room to determine that their radioactivity cannot be distinguished from the natural background radiation level with a radiation detection survey instrument set...

2014-01-01

49

10 CFR 35.315 - Safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Either monitor material and items removed from the patient's or the human research subject's room to determine that their radioactivity cannot be distinguished from the natural background radiation level with a radiation detection survey instrument set...

2011-01-01

50

General MRC Cleanroom Safety and Procedures Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research in the MRC cleanroom laboratories is conducted with hazardous materials. Consequently, all personnel working in this environment, must be equipped with thenecessary knowledge and training to maximize their safety as well as that of their colleagues. This booklet serves as an essential, required component in achieving this objective. Together with existing emergency response, safety policies, and individual labsafety plans this document serves to establish the protocol and procedures that will befollowed on a day to day basis.

51

OSHA safety requirements and the general duty clause.  

PubMed

Dental offices and clinics are subject to the same general safety requirements as other workplaces. Current guidelines, inspections, education, and training focus on infectious disease as the major workplace hazard for dental health care personnel (DHCP). However, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has cited an increasing variety and number of general safety hazards during inspections of dental offices. A review of the general safety requirements for personal protective equipment and fire safety as they relate to DHCP follows. The authors discuss the responsibility of both employers and employees to perform workplace hazard evaluation and to implement education, engineering controls, and work practice controls to minimize their exposure to recognized and emerging workplace hazards. PMID:17039683

Mills, Anne C; Chillock, Cynthia A; Edelman, Harold; Mills, Shannon E

2005-03-01

52

Air Quality: Implementation Plan Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Implementation Plan Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 The requirements of Chapter 30, "Air in place 1 SLAC Environment, Safety, and Health Manual (SLAC-I-720-0A29Z-001), Chapter 30, "Air Quality

Wechsler, Risa H.

53

21 CFR 610.11a - Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 false Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. 610...Provisions § 610.11a Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. For inactivated influenza vaccine, the general safety...

2014-04-01

54

21 CFR 610.11a - Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2010-04-01 true Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. 610...Provisions § 610.11a Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. For inactivated influenza vaccine, the general safety...

2011-04-01

55

21 CFR 610.11a - Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. 610...Provisions § 610.11a Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. For inactivated influenza vaccine, the general safety...

2012-04-01

56

21 CFR 610.11a - Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. 610...Provisions § 610.11a Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test. For inactivated influenza vaccine, the general safety...

2013-04-01

57

29 CFR 1915.131 - General precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Before use, pneumatic tools shall be secured to the extension hose or whip by some positive means to prevent the tool from becoming accidentally disconnected from the whip. (f) The moving parts of drive mechanisms, such as gearing and...

2010-07-01

58

29 CFR 1915.131 - General precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Before use, pneumatic tools shall be secured to the extension hose or whip by some positive means to prevent the tool from becoming accidentally disconnected from the whip. (f) The moving parts of drive mechanisms, such as gearing and...

2011-07-01

59

General aviation air traffic pattern safety analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A concept is described for evaluating the general aviation mid-air collision hazard in uncontrolled terminal airspace. Three-dimensional traffic pattern measurements were conducted at uncontrolled and controlled airports. Computer programs for data reduction, storage retrieval and statistical analysis have been developed. Initial general aviation air traffic pattern characteristics are presented. These preliminary results indicate that patterns are highly divergent from the expected standard pattern, and that pattern procedures observed can affect the ability of pilots to see and avoid each other.

Parker, L. C.

1973-01-01

60

Rutgers Fire Safety Precautions December 11, 2001 1.1 KETTLE/TANKER FIRE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  

E-print Network

- tance away from any structure or combustible material. G. Where liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinders. A torch stand should be used to direct the flame upward when momentarily not in use. The cylinder valve

61

Optimizing Safety Stock Placement in General Network Supply Chains  

E-print Network

In the paper, we minimize the holding cost of the safety stock held in a supply chain modeled as a general network. By our assumption, the demand is bounded by a concave function. This fact allows us to formulate the problem ...

Graves, Stephen C.

62

Air Quality: Acronym List Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Acronym List Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 ACM asbestos-containing material AHA area hazard analysis AQPM air quality program manager ARP accidental release prevention ATCM air toxic control

Wechsler, Risa H.

63

Air Quality: Asbestos Notification Procedure Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Asbestos Notification Procedure Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 The Bay Area Air Quality) and air quality program manager Determine if the project is classified as a demolition or renovation

Wechsler, Risa H.

64

Air Quality: Reporting Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Reporting Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 The air quality program manager requirements. This table summarizes all air quality program elements and reporting requirements. The NESHAPs

Wechsler, Risa H.

65

Analyzing precautionary regulation: do precaution, science, and innovation go together?  

PubMed

In this article we argue that the precautionary principle, as applied to the regulation of science and technology, cannot be considered in any general manner inconsistent with the norms and methods of scientific knowledge generation and justification. Moreover, it does not necessarily curtail scientific-technological innovation. Our argument flows from a differentiated view of what precaution in regulation means. We first characterize several of the most relevant interpretations given to the precautionary principle in academic debate and regulatory practice. We then use examples of actual precaution-based regulation to show that, even though science can have varying functions in different circumstances and frames, all of those interpretations recur to scientific method and knowledge, and tend to imply innovation in methods, products, and processes. In fact, the interplay of regulation and innovation in precautionary policy, at least in the case of the interpretations of precaution that our analysis takes into account, could be understood as a way of reconciling the two fundamental science and technology policy functions of promotion and control. PMID:24975619

Todt, Oliver; Luján, José Luis

2014-12-01

66

Sequential Generalized Likelihood Ratio Tests for Vaccine Safety Evaluation  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY The evaluation of vaccine safety involves pre-clinical animal studies, pre-licensure randomized clinical trials and post-licensure safety studies. Sequential design and analysis are of particular interest because they allow early termination of the trial or quick detection that the vaccine exceeds a prescribed bound on the adverse event rate. After a review of recent developments in this area, we propose a new class of sequential generalized likelihood ratio tests for evaluating adverse event rates in two-armed pre-licensure clinical trials and single-armed post-licensure studies. The proposed approach is illustrated using data from the Rotavirus Efficacy and Safety Trial (REST). Simulation studies of the performance of the proposed approach and other methods are also given. PMID:20799244

Shih, Mei-Chiung; Lai, Tze Leung; Heyse, Joseph F.; Chen, Jie

2010-01-01

67

21 CFR 315.3 - General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE DIAGNOSTIC RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS § 315.3 General factors relevant to safety and...

2010-04-01

68

21 CFR 601.32 - General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General factors relevant to safety and effectiveness...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS LICENSING...Radiopharmaceuticals § 601.32 General factors relevant to safety and...

2010-04-01

69

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section 570.20 Food and Drugs... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for...

2014-04-01

70

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section 570.20 Food and Drugs... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for...

2010-04-01

71

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section 170.20 Food and Drugs...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for...

2014-04-01

72

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section 170.20 Food and Drugs... FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for...

2012-04-01

73

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section 170.20 Food and Drugs... FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for...

2013-04-01

74

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section 570.20 Food and Drugs... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for...

2011-04-01

75

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section 570.20 Food and Drugs... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for...

2013-04-01

76

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section 170.20 Food and Drugs... FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for...

2011-04-01

77

21 CFR 170.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 170.20 Section 170.20 Food and Drugs... FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 170.20 General principles for...

2010-04-01

78

21 CFR 570.20 - General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...General principles for evaluating the safety of food additives. 570.20 Section 570.20 Food and Drugs... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS FOOD ADDITIVES Food Additive Safety § 570.20 General principles for...

2012-04-01

79

Conservation, precaution, and Caribbean reefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some authors argue that overfishing is an important reason that reef corals have declined in recent decades. Their reasoning is that overfishing removes herbivores, releasing macroalgae to overgrow and kill the corals. The evidence suggests, however, that global climate change and emergent marine diseases make a far greater contribution to coral mortality, and that macroalgae generally grow on the exposed

Richard B. Aronson; William F. Precht

2006-01-01

80

Conservation, precaution, and Caribbean reefs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some authors argue that overfishing is an important reason that reef corals have declined in recent decades. Their reasoning is that overfishing removes herbivores, releasing macroalgae to overgrow and kill the corals. The evidence suggests, however, that global climate change and emergent marine diseases make a far greater contribution to coral mortality, and that macroalgae generally grow on the exposed skeletal surfaces of corals that are already dead. Macroalgal dominance, therefore, is an effect rather than a cause of coral mortality. Marine protected areas (MPAs), which are usually established to protect stocks of reef fish, foster populations of herbivorous fish under at least some circumstances. Increased herbivory can reduce algal cover, potentially accelerating the recovery of coral populations inside MPAs; however, establishing MPAs will have only a limited impact on coral recovery unless policymakers confront the accelerating negative effects of the global-scale sources of coral mortality.

Aronson, Richard B.; Precht, William F.

2006-08-01

81

49 CFR 214.303 - Railroad on-track safety programs, generally.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Railroad on-track safety programs, generally...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker...

2014-10-01

82

49 CFR 214.303 - Railroad on-track safety programs, generally.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Railroad on-track safety programs, generally...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker...

2013-10-01

83

49 CFR 214.303 - Railroad on-track safety programs, generally.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Railroad on-track safety programs, generally...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker...

2010-10-01

84

49 CFR 214.303 - Railroad on-track safety programs, generally.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Railroad on-track safety programs, generally...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker...

2012-10-01

85

49 CFR 214.303 - Railroad on-track safety programs, generally.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Railroad on-track safety programs, generally...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY Roadway Worker...

2011-10-01

86

HIV, AIDS, and Universal Precautions: The Optometry Curriculum's Effect on Students' Knowledge, Attitudes and Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed entering optometry students (n=404) and again during their fourth year (n=314) for knowledge about and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS. Analysis indicated significant improvement from pre- to post-test for general HIV/AIDS knowledge and optometric-specific HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes. For universal precautions implementation, no change in…

Rosengren, Kenneth J.; Zoltoski, Rebecca K.

2000-01-01

87

All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Safety (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... the Flu Pregnancy Precautions Checkups: What to Expect All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Safety KidsHealth > Parents > First Aid & Safety > Safety Away From Home > All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Safety Print A A A ...

88

Can there be science-based precaution?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

'Science-based precaution' is possible in logic if not in politics, and should be a normal part of risk management. It should balance the risks and benefits of innovation, or equivalently, specify the price one is willing to pay to avoid risk. The Precaution Principle states that the absence of scientific proof does not preclude precautionary action—or, in its stronger version, that it requires such action. This principle is a useful counterweight to the insistence on rigorous scientific proof, but focuses on costs and risks to the exclusion of benefits. It expresses 'look before you leap', but not 'nothing ventured, nothing gained'. To facilitate adaptive management, we propose a complementary principle: 'precautionary action should not unreasonably interfere with innovation that promises major benefits, until its dangers and benefits are well understood'. In international trade law, we propose that scientific evidence presented in support of discriminatory measures that would otherwise violate the world trade regime—such as the de facto European Union moratorium on importing genetically modified crops—be required to suffice to support a 'reasonable belief' of danger to human health or the environment.

Weiss, Charles

2006-10-01

89

An Introduction to Eye Safety. General Metals I, Lesson Plan No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for a 110-hour general metals course, this lesson plan presents an introduction to eye safety, including a brief guided imagery prelude, an overview of the lesson, an overview of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) rules and regulations regarding eye and face…

Higa, Floyd

90

Scientists versus Regulators: Precaution, Novelty & Regulatory Oversight as Predictors of Perceived Risks of Engineered Nanomaterials  

PubMed Central

Engineered nanoscale materials (ENMs) present a difficult challenge for risk assessors and regulators. Continuing uncertainty about the potential risks of ENMs means that expert opinion will play an important role in the design of policies to minimize harmful implications while supporting innovation. This research aims to shed light on the views of ‘nano experts’ to understand which nanomaterials or applications are regarded as more risky than others, to characterize the differences in risk perceptions between expert groups, and to evaluate the factors that drive these perceptions. Our analysis draws from a web-survey (N?=?404) of three groups of US and Canadian experts: nano-scientists and engineers, nano-environmental health and safety scientists, and regulatory scientists and decision-makers. Significant differences in risk perceptions were found across expert groups; differences found to be driven by underlying attitudes and perceptions characteristic of each group. Nano-scientists and engineers at the upstream end of the nanomaterial life cycle perceived the lowest levels of risk, while those who are responsible for assessing and regulating risks at the downstream end perceived the greatest risk. Perceived novelty of nanomaterial risks, differing preferences for regulation (i.e. the use of precaution versus voluntary or market-based approaches), and perceptions of the risk of technologies in general predicted variation in experts' judgments of nanotechnology risks. Our findings underscore the importance of involving a diverse selection of experts, particularly those with expertise at different stages along the nanomaterial lifecycle, during policy development. PMID:25222742

Beaudrie, Christian E. H.; Satterfield, Terre; Kandlikar, Milind; Harthorn, Barbara H.

2014-01-01

91

Auto Battery Safety Facts  

MedlinePLUS

... 2010 Prevent Blindness America ® All rights reserved. The Battery’s Purpose: A motor vehicle battery does the following ... the air conditioner or radio are turned on. Battery Safety Precautions To prevent an accident that could ...

92

49 CFR 238.229 - Safety appliances-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of a safety appliance be a bolt, rivet, or screw to mean...used solely to provide extra strength or steadiness to the safety...mechanical fastener (i.e. , bolts, rivets, or screws...design or at least twice the strength of a bolted mechanical...

2011-10-01

93

49 CFR 238.229 - Safety appliances-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...of a safety appliance be a bolt, rivet, or screw to mean...used solely to provide extra strength or steadiness to the safety...mechanical fastener (i.e. , bolts, rivets, or screws...design or at least twice the strength of a bolted mechanical...

2014-10-01

94

49 CFR 238.229 - Safety appliances-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of a safety appliance be a bolt, rivet, or screw to mean...used solely to provide extra strength or steadiness to the safety...mechanical fastener (i.e. , bolts, rivets, or screws...design or at least twice the strength of a bolted mechanical...

2012-10-01

95

49 CFR 238.229 - Safety appliances-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of a safety appliance be a bolt, rivet, or screw to mean...used solely to provide extra strength or steadiness to the safety...mechanical fastener (i.e. , bolts, rivets, or screws...design or at least twice the strength of a bolted mechanical...

2013-10-01

96

[Effectiveness and risks of isolation precautions in patients with MRSA and other multidrug-resistant bacteria].  

PubMed

The transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms (MRSA, VRE and ESBL producing bacteria) occurs predominantly if health-care workers are not compliant with hand hygiene procedures. The impact of single-room isolation in transmission prevention is often overestimated. As long as hand disinfection is not performed before and after patient contact and gloves are not removed, a single room will not prevent transmission by -itself. Understaffing is additionally worsening the situation. There is no consistent evidence sup-port-ing strict single-room isolation even though data show supportive tendencies. Social isolation is one of the risks that should be considered as well as the economic impact of using shared rooms as a single room. Up-to-date, evidence-based standard operating procedures and individual infection control recommendations should take these considerations into account. In general, contact precautions including isolation in a single room are performed in MRSA and VRE-positive patients. If a single room cannot be provided in a given case (a common problem in intensive care units), contact precautions can be performed in a shared room as an alternative. The problem of establishing an optimal compliance with standard precautions (especially hand hygiene) throughout all professional groups should be addressed. Additional precautions, including single-room isolation, should be implemented critically if indicated. PMID:20379942

Dettenkofer, M; Utzolino, S; Luft, D; Lemmen, S

2010-04-01

97

Science and precaution in the appraisal of electricity supply options.  

PubMed

The technological risks associated with electricity generating options are a crucial consideration in the governance of energy strategies. Conversely, many central issues in the broader social debate over the governance of environmental risk (such as acid gas emissions, radioactive waste management, nuclear safety and global climate change) relate very strongly to technology choice in the electricity supply sector. The particularities of this field, therefore, offer a topical and pertinent case with which to explore the relationship between science and precaution in the governance of technological risk. By reference to the electricity sector, the present paper examines the contrasts between 'risk-based' and 'precautionary' approaches to the governance of risk, paying particular attention to the problems of intractable uncertainties and divergent values. A number of theoretical and methodological issues in conventional risk-assessment and cost-benefit analysis are examined and their practical implications for appraisal explored. Attention then turns to the form that might be taken by approaches to the governance of energy risks that are at the same time scientifically well-founded and precautionary. Conclusions are drawn for decision and policy making in this area. PMID:11532359

Stirling, A

2001-09-14

98

Form Name Form description Form URL Laboratory Safety General Information on Laboratory Safety at Penn State http://www.ehs.psu.edu/occhealth/labsafety.cfm  

E-print Network

Safety General information on use of lasers at Penn State http://www.ehs.psu.edu/radprot/laser.cfm Laser Safety Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) Example/Template SOP that must be approved by Laser Safety Training Documentation To be completed by PI to document completion of laser safety training for all

Maroncelli, Mark

99

Health Precautions. Child Health and Safety Series (Module II).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for child care personnel in day care homes and centers provides guidelines on developing and maintaining health records and permission forms, establishing daily cleanliness routines, making daily health checks, and conducting periodic screening to identify children with problems requiring professional help. Section I focuses on…

Iscoe, Louise; And Others

100

48 CFR 252.236-7005 - Airfield safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...glide angle) and then along a horizontal plane, both flaring symmetrically about the...centerline extended. (A) The inclined plane (glide angle) begins in the clear...airfield elevation. At that point the plane becomes horizontal, continuing at...

2010-10-01

101

48 CFR 252.236-7005 - Airfield safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...glide angle) and then along a horizontal plane, both flaring symmetrically about the...centerline extended. (A) The inclined plane (glide angle) begins in the clear...airfield elevation. At that point the plane becomes horizontal, continuing at...

2012-10-01

102

48 CFR 252.236-7005 - Airfield safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...glide angle) and then along a horizontal plane, both flaring symmetrically about the...centerline extended. (A) The inclined plane (glide angle) begins in the clear...airfield elevation. At that point the plane becomes horizontal, continuing at...

2014-10-01

103

48 CFR 252.236-7005 - Airfield safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...glide angle) and then along a horizontal plane, both flaring symmetrically about the...centerline extended. (A) The inclined plane (glide angle) begins in the clear...airfield elevation. At that point the plane becomes horizontal, continuing at...

2013-10-01

104

48 CFR 252.236-7005 - Airfield safety precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...glide angle) and then along a horizontal plane, both flaring symmetrically about the...centerline extended. (A) The inclined plane (glide angle) begins in the clear...airfield elevation. At that point the plane becomes horizontal, continuing at...

2011-10-01

105

Contact precautions and hand hygiene in veterinary clinics.  

PubMed

Hand hygiene, contact precautions, and other basic infection control measures are crucial in veterinary clinics, because these facilities can be community mixing pots of animals and people with a wide range of health and disease-carrier states. Veterinary staff must be knowledgeable and well trained regarding when and how to apply situation-appropriate contact precautions and to properly perform hand hygiene. The limited information on the use of contact precautions and hand hygiene practices among veterinary staff suggests that compliance is low. Improving the infection control culture in clinics and in veterinary medicine is critical to achieving better compliance with these practices. PMID:25532949

Anderson, Maureen E C

2015-03-01

106

Using Integer Programming to Verify General Safety and Liveness Properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

. Analysis of concurrent systems is plagued by the state explosion problem. Wedescribe an analysis technique that uses necessary conditions, in the form of linear inequalities, toverify certain properties of concurrent systems, thus avoiding the enumeration of the potentiallyexplosive number of reachable states of the system. This technique has been shown to be capableof verifying simple safety properties, like freedom

James C. Corbett; George S. Avrunin

1995-01-01

107

21 CFR 610.11a - Inactivated influenza vaccine, general safety test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...11 of this chapter except that, with reference to guinea pigs, the test shall be satisfied if the product provides...milliliters of inactivated influenza vaccine into each guinea pig. The requirements for general safety for...

2010-04-01

108

Universal Precautions in the Era of HIV/AIDS  

PubMed Central

With a rising HIV/AIDS epidemic, it has become especially important for health service providers in China to understand and correctly adhere to universal precautions. Using qualitative interview data, perspectives from both health administrators and service providers working at all levels of China’s health care system were examined. Service providers admitted selective adherence and non-adherence to universal precautions in their daily medical practice, and gave their explanations for such behaviors. Lack of time to put on protective gear, gear’s interference with medical procedures, lack of administrative support, heavy workload in hospitals, inaccurate risk assessment, and beliefs that compliance with universal precautions is unnecessary, time consuming and costly were mentioned as reasons behind noncompliance. Effective universal precaution interventions need to target both administrators and providers, and address both structural barriers and individual attitudinal and behavioral factors. PMID:17641967

Wu, Sheng; Li, Li; Wu, Zunyou; Cao, Haijun; Lin, Chunqing; Yan, Zhihua; Jia, Manhong; Cui, Haixia

2009-01-01

109

Sun Safety: Save Your Skin!  

MedlinePLUS

... who work outdoors need to take precautions, too. SUN SAFETY Save Your Skin! 2 / FDA Consumer Health ... may increase sun sensitivity. Reduce Time in the Sun It’s important to limit sun exposure between 10 ...

110

Skid-Steer Loader Safety  

E-print Network

Skid-steer loaders are very useful tools, but can be lethal if not used according to the manufacturer's instructions. You can reduce your risk of injury or death by following the proper safety precautions outlined in this publication....

Smith, David

2005-06-28

111

Infection Control and Practice of Standard Precautions Among Healthcare Workers in Northern Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) have been reported to be a serious problem in the healthcare services as they are common causes of illness and mortality among hospitalized patients including healthcare workers (HCWs). Compliance with these standard precautions has been shown to reduce the risk of exposure to blood and body fluids. Aims: This study therefore assesses the level of knowledge and compliance with standard precautions by the various cadre of HCWs and the factors influencing compliance in hospital environment in Nasarawa State, Northern Nigeria. Settings and Design: Nasarawa State has a current human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) prevalence rate of 10.0%, which was higher than most states in Nigeria with a high level of illiteracy and ignorance. Majority of the people reside in the rural areas while a few are found in the towns, informal settlements with no direct access to healthcare facilities are common. Materials and Methods: This study is an analytical, cross-sectional study. Proportional sampling technique was used to obtain a representative sample and a structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect relevant information from the healthcare providers working in Nasarawa State from January to February 2009. Statistical analysis used: To describe patient characteristics, we calculated proportions and medians. For categorical variables, we compared proportions using chi-square tests. A logistic regression model was produced with infection control as outcome variable to identify associated factors. Results: A total of 421 HCWs were interviewed, Majority (77.9%) correctly describe universal precaution and infection control with 19.2, 19.2, and 28.0%, respectively unable to recognize vaccination, postexposure prophylaxis, and surveillance for emerging diseases as standard precaution for infection control. About 70.1% usually wear gloves before handling patients or patients’ care products, 12.6% reported wash their hand before wearing the gloves, 10.7% washed hands after removal of gloves, and 72.4% changed gloves after each patient. Only 3.3% had a sharp disposal system in their various workplaces. Majority (98.6%) of the respondents reported that the major reason for noncompliance to universal precautions is the nonavailability of the equipments. There was a statistically significant difference in the practice of standard precaution among those that were exposed to blood products and body fluid compared to those that had not been exposed in the last 6 months (?2 = 3.96, P = 0.03), public healthcare providers when compared to private health workers (?2 = 22.32, P = 0.001), among those working in secondary and tertiary facilities compared to primary healthcare centers (?2 = 14.64, P = 0.001) and urban areas when compared to rural areas (?2 = 4.06, P = 0.02). The only predictor of practice of standard precaution was exposure to blood and body fluid in the last 6 months odds ratio (OR) = 4.56 (confidence interval (CI) = 1.00-21.28). Conclusions: This study implies that inadequate workers’ knowledge and environment related problems, including the lack of protective materials and other equipments and utilities required to ensure safety of HCWs is a crucial issue that need urgent attention. Institution of a surveillance system for hospital acquired infection to improve consistent use of standard precautions among health workers is recommended in Nigeria and other low income countries in Africa. PMID:24672178

Amoran, OE; Onwube, OO

2013-01-01

112

General Safety Guidelines for Bio-Hazardous Waste Disposal  

E-print Network

-Hazardous Waste · A properly completed and signed Bio-Material Pickup and Treatment Certification (http do you have, category 1 or 2? o Category 1 biological waste includes any human-derived biological that may cause harm to the general public if released to the environment. Category 1 biological waste also

Holland, Jeffrey

113

Generalized Discrete Timed Automata: Decidable Approximations for Safety Verification ?  

E-print Network

specification written in ASTRAL is used to run a number of experiments using one of the approximation techniques has been supported in part by the De­ fense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and Rome ASTRAL [6] use generalized clock constraints and parameterized durations in almost every specification

Dang, Zhe

114

A general stochastic approach to unavailability analysis of standby safety systems  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents a general analytical framework to analyze unavailability caused by latent failures in standby safety systems used in nuclear plants. The proposed approach is general in a sense that it encompasses a variety of inspection and maintenance policies and relaxes restrictive assumptions regarding the distributions of time to failure (or aging) and duration of repair. A key result of the paper is a general integral equation for point unavailability, which can be tailored to any specific maintenance policy. (authors)

Van Der Weide, H. [Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft (Netherlands); Pandey, M. D. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2013-07-01

115

Radiological Safety Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written to be used concurrently with the U.S. Army's Radiological Safety Course, this publication discusses the causes, sources, and detection of nuclear radiation. In addition, the transportation and disposal of radioactive materials are covered. The report also deals with the safety precautions to be observed when working with lasers, microwave…

Army Ordnance Center and School, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.

116

Cluster randomized, controlled trial on patient safety improvement in general practice: a study protocol  

PubMed Central

Background An open, constructive safety culture is key in healthcare since it is seen as a main condition for patient safety. Studies have examined culture improvement strategies in hospitals. In primary care, however, not much is known about effective strategies to improve the safety culture yet. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of two patient safety culture interventions: a patient safety culture questionnaire solely, the SCOPE, or the SCOPE questionnaire combined with a patient safety workshop. The purpose of this paper is to describe the rationale and design of this trial. Methods/design The SCOPE Intervention Study is a cluster randomized, three-armed controlled trial, that will be conducted in 30 general practices in the Netherlands. Ten practices in the first intervention arm will complete the SCOPE questionnaire and are expected to draw and implement their own improvement initiatives based on a computerised feedback report. In the second intervention arm, staff of the ten practices also will be asked to complete the SCOPE questionnaire and in addition will be given a complementary workshop. This workshop is theoretical and interactive, educating staff and facilitating discussion, leading to a practice specific action plan for patient safety improvement. The results of the SCOPE questionnaire are incorporated in the workshop. The ten practices in the control arm continue care as usual. Baseline and follow-up measurements will be conducted with an implementation period of one year. The primary outcome will include the number of incidents reported and secondary several quality and safety indicators and the patient safety culture. Moreover, interviews will be conducted at follow-up to evaluate the implementation process of the intervention. Discussion Results of this study will give insight in the effect of administering a culture questionnaire or the questionnaire with a complementary workshop. This knowledge will aid implementation of patient safety tools and future research. Attention has been given to the strengths and limitations of the study. Trial registration Netherlands Trial Register: NTR3277. PMID:23984840

2013-01-01

117

Preliminary reentry safety assessment of the General Purpose Heat Source module for the Cassini mission: Aerospace Nuclear Safety Program  

SciTech Connect

As asked by the U. S. Department of Energy/Office of Special Applications, and in support of the Environmental Impact Statement for the Cassini mission, The Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) has conducted preliminary one-dimensional ablation and thermal analyses of the General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS). The predicted earth entry conditions provided by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) for a Cassini Venus-Venus-Earth-Jupiter Gravity Assist (VVEJGA) trajectory were used as initial conditions. The results of this study which constitute the initial reentry analysis assessment leading to the Cassini Updated Safety, Analysis Report (USAR) are discussed in this document.

Conn, D.W.; Brenza, P.T.

1993-04-01

118

Nuclear safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics dealing with nuclear safety are addressed which include the following: general safety requirements; safety design requirements; terrestrial safety; SP-100 Flight System key safety requirements; potential mission accidents and hazards; key safety features; ground operations; launch operations; flight operations; disposal; safety concerns; licensing; the nuclear engine for rocket vehicle application (NERVA) design philosophy; the NERVA flight safety program; and the NERVA safety plan.

Buden, D.

1991-01-01

119

Air Quality: Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities Matrix Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities Matrix Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 The following tables summarize major air quality program requirements and map them to the appropriate

Wechsler, Risa H.

120

Air Quality: New Emissions Source Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: New Emissions Source Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 All new sources that involve actual or potential air emissions must be evaluated by the air quality program manager beforehand

Wechsler, Risa H.

121

Air Quality: Emissions Source Inspection Form Department: Chemical and General Safety  

E-print Network

Air Quality: Emissions Source Inspection Form Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 This inspection form Quality", http://www-group.slac.stanford.edu/esh/environment/air_quality/policies.htm 29 Jul 2007 (updated

Wechsler, Risa H.

122

Original Article Using amphibians in laboratory studies: precautions against  

E-print Network

Original Article Using amphibians in laboratory studies: precautions against the emerging is by far the most widely used amphibian species in laboratories. In the wild, X. laevis is an asymptomatic Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which has devastating effects on wild amphibian populations around the world

Schmeller, Dirk S.

123

Preventing Infection in the Classroom: The Use of Universal Precautions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the universal precautions for appropriate infection control, including the proper method for putting on gloves and removing gloves, hand washing, and blood/bodily fluid clean up. A sample school board policy and kindergarten health core curriculum is provided, along with a kindergarten classroom illustration. (Contains…

Edens, Retha M.; Murdick, Nikki L.; Gartin, Barbara C.

2003-01-01

124

Designing for Homeless Young People: Precaution in Ubiquitous Computing  

E-print Network

Designing for Homeless Young People: Precaution in Ubiquitous Computing Abstract How should ubiquitous access to information through computing be shaped to improve the lives of homeless young people? Drawing on social and material considerations of homeless young people and service agencies, uncovered

Anderson, Richard

125

36 CFR 9.43 - Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist...MINERALS MANAGEMENT Non-Federal Oil and Gas Rights § 9.43 Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to...

2010-07-01

126

Perceptions of general education on occupational health and safety among college students in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Undergraduate students were surveyed to assess their awareness of and interest in health and safety education. Out of 5258 questionnaires distributed among 66 colleges and universities in Taiwan, 4474 questionnaires were returned. The respondents were asked to provide demographic information and to respond to questions about a proposed college course in general occupational health and safety (OHS) and questions about 30 OHS topics. Their awareness and learning interest about each topic were evaluated on a 4-point scale. Statistical analysis of variance and logistic linear regression were performed. Only 13% of respondents had previously taken health and safety courses. More than 39% of respondents indicated that they would take general OHS courses if the courses were offered by their colleges. Student motivation to take OHS courses was apparently related to their experience in OHS coursework, their academic background, and their current learning interest in the 30 OHS topics. Students with natural science or engineering backgrounds tended to express strong interest in OHS topics and courses. In conclusion, implementing general health and safety education in college is recommended. In addition, developing an OHS course module system would meet student expectations, as courses would consider the learning interests and needs of students with different college majors. PMID:19412863

Tong, Yu-Huei; Lin, Yu-Wen; Chen, Chih-Chieh; Lin, Jia-Ming

2009-08-01

127

General-purpose heat source project and space nuclear safety and fuels program. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

This formal monthly report covers the studies related to the use of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ in radioisotopic power systems carried out for the Advanced Nuclear Systems and Projects Division of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. The two programs involved are general-purpose heat source development and space nuclear safety and fuels. Most of the studies discussed hear are of a continuing nature. Results and conclusions described may change as the work continues.

Maraman, W.J. (comp.)

1979-12-01

128

Assessment of biosafety precautions in Khartoum state diagnostic laboratories, Sudan  

PubMed Central

Background This study was conducted to evaluate the biosafety precautions that applied by diagnostic laboratories in Khartoum state, 2009. Methods A total number of 190 laboratories were surveyed about their compliance with standard biosafety precautions. These laboratories included 51 (27%) laboratories from government, 75 (39%) from private sectors and 64 (34%) laboratories belong to organization providing health care services. Results The study found that 32 (16.8%) of laboratories appointed biosafety officers. Only, ten (5.2%) participated in training about response to fire emergency, and 28 (14.7%) reported the laboratory accident occurred during work. 45 (23.7%) laboratories had a written standard operation procedures (SOPs), and 35 (18.4%) had written procedures for the lean-up of spills. Moreover, biosafety cabinet was found in 11 (5.8%) laboratories, autoclave in 28 (14.7%) and incinerator in only two (1.1%) laboratories. Sharp disposable containers were found in 84 (44.2%). Fire alarm system was found in 2 (1.1%) laboratories, fire extinguisher in 39 (20.5%) laboratories, and fire emergency exit found in 14 (7.4%) laboratories. Furthermore, 19 (10%) laboratories had a hepatitis B virus vaccination programme, 5 (6.2%) applied BCG vaccine, and 2 (1.1%0) vaccinated the staff against influenza. Conclusion The study concluded that the standards biosafety precautions adopted by the diagnostic laboratories in Khartoum state was very low. Further, the laboratory personnel awareness towards biosafety principles implementation was very low too. PMID:22514753

Elduma, Adel Hussein

2012-01-01

129

30 Hour OSHA General Industry Safety Certification Program Geared Towards Advanced Energy Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The following course was created by Grand Rapids Community College (GRCC), through seed funding from the CAAT, to train workers for entry level positions in the advanced energy manufacturing industry. The course is designed around OSHA’s “Standards for General Industry” and if taught by an authorized General Industry Outreach Training Program Instructor, students should receive an OSHA General Industry 30-hour Safety certification. Instructional materials include PowerPoint presentations, instructor notes, OSHA instructor and student manuals (handouts/assignments), and lesson objectives. All lessons are intended to be taught through PowerPoint presentations with guidance from the included lesson objectives and notes for instructors. The included PowerPoints are original OSHA presentations modified by GRCC and originals created by GRCC. The lesson topics are: Introduction to OSHA Safety and Health Programs, Hazard Mapping, Personal Protective Equipment, Exit Routes and Emergency Action Plans, Fire Protection and Prevention, Electrical Hazards, Ergonomics and Manual Material Handling, Walking and Working Surfaces, Industrial Hygiene, Flammable and Combustible Liquids  Hazard Communication Exit Routes and Emergency Action Plans, Fire Protection and Prevention, First Aid and CPR, Hand and Power Tool Safety, Machine Guarding, and Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tag-out). For more information on the course visit https://learning.grcc.edu/ec2k/CourseListing.asp?master_id=777&course_area=CEMF&course_number=102&course_subtitle=00.

2013-04-11

130

Safety & Environmental Protection Services  

E-print Network

them unless all the fire safety precautions are in place and working. But surely we don't have fires heating and cooking activities; · candle flames and other naked flames. A common feature tends FOR THE CURRENT REVISION. · A candle, lit to give a bedroom atmosphere for a quiet summer evening indoors, is left

Guo, Zaoyang

131

Maximising harm reduction in early specialty training for general practice: validation of a safety checklist  

PubMed Central

Background Making health care safer is a key policy priority worldwide. In specialty training, medical educators may unintentionally impact on patient safety e.g. through failures of supervision; providing limited feedback on performance; and letting poorly developed behaviours continue unchecked. Doctors-in-training are also known to be susceptible to medical error. Ensuring that all essential educational issues are addressed during training is problematic given the scale of the tasks to be undertaken. Human error and the reliability of local systems may increase the risk of safety-critical topics being inadequately covered. However adherence to a checklist reminder may improve the reliability of task delivery and maximise harm reduction. We aimed to prioritise the most safety-critical issues to be addressed in the first 12-weeks of specialty training in the general practice environment and validate a related checklist reminder. Methods We used mixed methods with different groups of GP educators (n?=?127) and specialty trainees (n?=?9) in two Scottish regions to prioritise, develop and validate checklist content. Generation and refinement of checklist themes and items were undertaken on an iterative basis using a range of methods including small group work in dedicated workshops; a modified-Delphi process; and telephone interviews. The relevance of potential checklist items was rated using a 4-point scale content validity index to inform final inclusion. Results 14 themes (e.g. prescribing safely; dealing with medical emergency; implications of poor record keeping; and effective & safe communication) and 47 related items (e.g. how to safety-net face-to-face or over the telephone; knowledge of practice systems for results handling; recognition of harm in children) were judged to be essential safety-critical educational issues to be covered. The mean content validity index ratio was 0.98. Conclusion A checklist was developed and validated for educational supervisors to assist in the reliable delivery of safety-critical educational issues in the opening 12-week period of training, and aligned with national curriculum competencies. The tool can also be adapted for use as a self-assessment instrument by trainees to guide patient safety-related learning needs. Dissemination and implementation of the checklist and self-rating scale are proceeding on a national, voluntary basis with plans to evaluate its feasibility and educational impact. PMID:22721273

2012-01-01

132

Receptionist input to quality and safety in repeat prescribing in UK general practice: ethnographic case study  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe, explore, and compare organisational routines for repeat prescribing in general practice to identify contributors and barriers to safety and quality. Design Ethnographic case study. Setting Four urban UK general practices with diverse organisational characteristics using electronic patient records that supported semi-automation of repeat prescribing. Participants 395 hours of ethnographic observation of staff (25 doctors, 16 nurses, 4 healthcare assistants, 6 managers, and 56 reception or administrative staff), and 28 documents and other artefacts relating to repeat prescribing locally and nationally. Main outcome measures Potential threats to patient safety and characteristics of good practice. Methods Observation of how doctors, receptionists, and other administrative staff contributed to, and collaborated on, the repeat prescribing routine. Analysis included mapping prescribing routines, building a rich description of organisational practices, and drawing these together through narrative synthesis. This was informed by a sociological model of how organisational routines shape and are shaped by information and communications technologies. Results Repeat prescribing was a complex, technology-supported social practice requiring collaboration between clinical and administrative staff, with important implications for patient safety. More than half of requests for repeat prescriptions were classed as “exceptions” by receptionists (most commonly because the drug, dose, or timing differed from what was on the electronic repeat list). They managed these exceptions by making situated judgments that enabled them (sometimes but not always) to bridge the gap between the idealised assumptions about tasks, roles, and interactions that were built into the electronic patient record and formal protocols, and the actual repeat prescribing routine as it played out in practice. This work was creative and demanded both explicit and tacit knowledge. Clinicians were often unaware of this input and it did not feature in policy documents or previous research. Yet it was sometimes critical to getting the job done and contributed in subtle ways to safeguarding patients. Conclusion Receptionists and administrative staff make important “hidden” contributions to quality and safety in repeat prescribing in general practice, regarding themselves accountable to patients for these contributions. Studying technology-supported work routines that seem mundane, standardised, and automated, but which in reality require a high degree of local tailoring and judgment from frontline staff, opens up a new agenda for the study of patient safety. PMID:22053317

2011-01-01

133

SAFETY MANAGEMENT MANUAL OSU SHIP OPERATIONS  

E-print Network

SAFETY MANAGEMENT MANUAL OSU SHIP OPERATIONS 7.20 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Originator. #12;SAFETY MANAGEMENT MANUAL OSU SHIP OPERATIONS 7.20 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Originator protective equipment (PPE) aboard the R/V Oceanus. To this end, all appropriate safety precautions relevant

Kurapov, Alexander

134

Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses safety issues in science, including: allergic reactions to peanuts used in experiments; explosions in lead/acid batteries; and inspection of pressure vessels, such as pressure cookers or model steam engines. (MKR)

Education in Science, 1996

1996-01-01

135

Environmental assessment of general-purpose heat source safety verification testing  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Assessment (EA) was prepared to identify and evaluate potential environmental, safety, and health impacts associated with the Proposed Action to test General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) assemblies at the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) 10,000-Foot Sled Track Facility, Albuquerque, New Mexico. RTGs are used to provide a reliable source of electrical power on board some spacecraft when solar power is inadequate during long duration space missions. These units are designed to convert heat from the natural decay of radioisotope fuel into electrical power. Impact test data are required to support DOE`s mission to provide radioisotope power systems to NASA and other user agencies. The proposed tests will expand the available safety database regarding RTG performance under postulated accident conditions. Direct observations and measurements of GPHS/RTG performance upon impact with hard, unyielding surfaces are required to verify model predictions and to ensure the continual evolution of the RTG designs that perform safely under varied accident environments. The Proposed Action is to conduct impact testing of RTG sections containing GPHS modules with simulated fuel. End-On and Side-On impact test series are planned.

NONE

1995-02-01

136

36 CFR 9.43 - Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. 9.43...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. When drilling...territory, or in any field where high pressures are likely to exist, the...

2013-07-01

137

36 CFR 9.43 - Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. 9.43...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. When drilling...territory, or in any field where high pressures are likely to exist, the...

2014-07-01

138

36 CFR 9.43 - Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. 9.43...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. When drilling...territory, or in any field where high pressures are likely to exist, the...

2012-07-01

139

36 CFR 9.43 - Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. 9.43...Precautions necessary in areas where high pressures are likely to exist. When drilling...territory, or in any field where high pressures are likely to exist, the...

2011-07-01

140

7 CFR 1980.318 - Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions... Rural Housing Loans § 1980.318 Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions...policy is to discourage lending in designated flood and mudslide hazard areas. Loan...

2014-01-01

141

7 CFR 1980.318 - Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions... Rural Housing Loans § 1980.318 Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions...policy is to discourage lending in designated flood and mudslide hazard areas. Loan...

2012-01-01

142

7 CFR 1980.318 - Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions... Rural Housing Loans § 1980.318 Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions...policy is to discourage lending in designated flood and mudslide hazard areas. Loan...

2010-01-01

143

7 CFR 1980.318 - Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions... Rural Housing Loans § 1980.318 Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions...policy is to discourage lending in designated flood and mudslide hazard areas. Loan...

2013-01-01

144

7 CFR 1980.318 - Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions... Rural Housing Loans § 1980.318 Flood or mudslide hazard area precautions...policy is to discourage lending in designated flood and mudslide hazard areas. Loan...

2011-01-01

145

Generalized railway tank car safety design optimization for hazardous materials transport: addressing the trade-off between transportation efficiency and safety.  

PubMed

North America railways offer safe and generally the most economical means of long distance transport of hazardous materials. Nevertheless, in the event of a train accident releases of these materials can pose substantial risk to human health, property or the environment. The majority of railway shipments of hazardous materials are in tank cars. Improving the safety design of these cars to make them more robust in accidents generally increases their weight thereby reducing their capacity and consequent transportation efficiency. This paper presents a generalized tank car safety design optimization model that addresses this tradeoff. The optimization model enables evaluation of each element of tank car safety design, independently and in combination with one another. We present the optimization model by identifying a set of Pareto-optimal solutions for a baseline tank car design in a bicriteria decision problem. This model provides a quantitative framework for a rational decision-making process involving tank car safety design enhancements to reduce the risk of transporting hazardous materials. PMID:21367523

Saat, Mohd Rapik; Barkan, Christopher P L

2011-05-15

146

General Framework for Animal Food Safety Traceability Using GS1 and RFID  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GS1 is global traceability standard, which is composed by the encoding system (EAN/UCC, EPC), the data carriers identified automatically (bar codes, RFID), electronic data interchange standards (EDI, XML). RFID is a non-contact, multi-objective automatic identification technique. Tracing of source food, standardization of RFID tags, sharing of dynamic data are problems to solve urgently for recent traceability systems. The paper designed general framework for animal food safety traceability using GS1 and RFID. This framework uses RFID tags encoding with EPCglobal tag data standards. Each information server has access tier, business tier and resource tier. These servers are heterogeneous and distributed, providing user access interfaces by SOAP or HTTP protocols. For sharing dynamic data, discovery service and object name service are used to locate dynamic distributed information servers.

Cao, Weizhu; Zheng, Limin; Zhu, Hong; Wu, Ping

147

Safety review of the design, operation, and radiation sections of the General Electric Morris Operation Consolidated Safety Analysis Report  

SciTech Connect

A safety review was made of Sections 4 through 9 of the Consolidated Safety Analysis Report (CSAR) for the GE Morris Operation spent-fuel storage facility. The sections reviewed include Design Criteria and Compliance, Facility Design and Description, Radiation Protection, Accident Analysis, and Conduct of Operations. The safety review was performed in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 72, ''Licensing Requirements for the Storage of Spent Fuel in an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation'' and contains independent estimations of source terms and dose-commitments from postulated accidents in the storage facility and a structural analysis of the Morris Operation cranes as an appendix. The review confirms that the features of the facility as described in Sections 4 through 9 of the CSAR fulfilled the safety requirements of 10 CFR 72, and it is concluded that spent-fuel handling and storage at the Morris Operation do not present significant risks to public health and safety. 15 refs., 3 tabs.

McBride, J.P.

1981-01-30

148

Forklift Training -GeneralForklift Training -General OSHA Standards  

E-print Network

)1926.602 (d) #12;Environmental Health & Safety TrainingTraining Powered industrial trucks §1910.178(l;Environmental Health & Safety Forklift driver certificationForklift driver certification · The employer shall and precautions for the types of trucks the driver will use · Truck controls and instrumentation · Engine or motor

Portman, Douglas

149

Lightning Safety for You and Your Family  

E-print Network

Lightning Safety for You and Your Family When Thunder Roars, Go Indoors! Each year in the United States, more than 400 people are struck by lightning. On average, between 55 and 60 people are killed with a few simple precautions. When thunderstorms threaten, get to a safe place. Lightning safety

Karonis, Nicholas T.

150

DEFINING THE PUBLIC SUPPORT: WHAT CAN DETERMINE ACCEPTABILITY OF ROAD SAFETY MEASURES BY A GENERAL PUBLIC?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing road safety is one of the main goals in traffic policy. Measures to increase.(sustainable) road safety can be divided into infrastructural measures, which make road infrastructure and traffic situations more understandable and transparent for road users; vehicle technologies, like intelligent transport systems that increase the safety of drivers and passengers; information, education and enforcement of road users. Engineering, education

Sven Vlassenroot

151

Contact Precautions for Multidrug-Resistant Organisms (MDROs): Current Recommendations and Actual Practice  

PubMed Central

Background Contact precautions are recommended for interactions with patients colonized/infected with multidrug-resistant organisms; however, rates of contact precautions practice are unknown. Methods Observers recorded the availability of supplies and staff/visitor adherence to contact precautions at rooms of patients indicated for contact precautions. Data were collected at three sites in a New York City hospital network. Results Contact precautions signs were present for 85.4% of indicated patients. The largest proportions were indicated for isolation for vancomycin-resistant enterococci and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus cultures. Isolation carts were available outside 93.7-96.7% of rooms displaying signs, and personal protective equipment was available at rates of 49.4-72.1% for gloves (all sizes: small, medium, and large) and 91.7-95.2% for gowns. Overall adherence rates upon room entry and exit, respectively, were 19.4% and 48.4% for hand hygiene, 67.5% and 63.5% for gloves, and 67.9% and 77.1% for gowns. Adherence was significantly better in intensive care units (p<0.05) and by patient-care staff (p<0.05), and patient-care staff compliance with one contact precautions behavior was predictive of adherence to additional behaviors (p<0.001). Conclusions Our findings support the recommendation that methods to monitor contact precautions and identify and correct non-adherent practices should be a standard component of infection prevention and control programs. PMID:19913329

Clock, Sarah A.; Cohen, Bevin; Behta, Maryam; Ross, Barbara; Larson, Elaine L.

2009-01-01

152

Hybrid Electic Vehicle (HEV) Safety Considerations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module consists of a presentation and lab both concerning HEV safety and were developed to enhance automotive courses with HEV technologies through a seed grant from the CAAT. Some safety considerations discussed are wire sheathing color, safety gloves, insulated tools, multimeters, high voltage disabling procedures, and HEV smart keys. The lab will familiarize technicians with the safety precautions associated with working on HEVs such as dealing with high voltage and isolating these potentially dangerous circuits.

2013-04-11

153

A review of significant events analysed in general practice: implications for the quality and safety of patient care  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Significant event analysis (SEA) is promoted as a team-based approach to enhancing patient safety through reflective learning. Evidence of SEA participation is required for appraisal and contractual purposes in UK general practice. A voluntary educational model in the west of Scotland enables general practitioners (GPs) and doctors-in-training to submit SEA reports for feedback from trained peers. We reviewed reports

John McKay; Nick Bradley; Murray Lough; Paul Bowie

2009-01-01

154

Safety and Sex Practices among Nebraska Adolescents. Technical Report 24.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a range of adolescent behaviors related to their safety and the safety of others. The behaviors reported here range from ordinary safety precautions such as only swimming in supervised areas and wearing helmets when riding a motorcycle to less talked about behaviors such as using condoms during sexual intercourse and carrying…

Newman, Ian M.; Perry-Hunnicutt, Christina

155

Flapless implant surgery in the esthetic region: advantages and precautions.  

PubMed

Because osseointegration is now considered highly predictable, the current trend is to develop techniques that can provide function, esthetics, and comfort with a minimally invasive surgical approach. To achieve those goals, flapless implant surgery using a tissue punch technique has been suggested. This paper presents two clinical cases of single-tooth implants placed in the esthetic region (anterior maxilla), which illustrate systematic approaches to flapless implant surgery for immediate and delayed loading protocol. For both cases, a tissue punch technique using a surgical guide fabricated with the aid of a radiographic stent was performed to provide access for implant site preparation and placement. The implants were loaded either immediately or 4 months after implant placement. With the planned flapless surgical technique, reduced operative time, accelerated postsurgical healing, and increased patient comfort and satisfaction were achieved. This paper also describes precautions of the flapless implant surgery in case selection, surgical techniques, and prosthodontic protocol. In conclusion, appropriate case selection and well-tailored surgical guides with sound surgical and prosthodontic protocols are considered to be the key elements in the success of flapless implant surgery. PMID:17370659

Oh, Tae-Ju; Shotwell, Jeffrey; Billy, Edward; Byun, Ho-Young; Wang, Hom-Lay

2007-02-01

156

General-Purpose Heat Source Safety Verification Test program: Edge-on flyer plate tests  

SciTech Connect

The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will supply power for the Galileo and Ulysses space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. The GPHS modules provide power by transmitting the heat of STYPu -decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Each module contains four STYPuO2-fueled clads and generates 250 W(t). Because the possibility of a launch vehicle explosion always exists, and because such an explosion could generate a field of high-energy fragments, the fueled clads within each GPHS module must survive fragment impact. The edge-on flyer plate tests were included in the Safety Verification Test series to provide information on the module/clad response to the impact of high-energy plate fragments. The test results indicate that the edge-on impact of a 3.2-mm-thick, aluminum-alloy (2219-T87) plate traveling at 915 m/s causes the complete release of fuel from capsules contained within a bare GPHS module, and that the threshold velocity sufficient to cause the breach of a bare, simulant-fueled clad impacted by a 3.5-mm-thick, aluminum-alloy (5052-T0) plate is approximately 140 m/s.

George, T.G.

1987-03-01

157

Development of a guide to applying precaution in local public health  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The precautionary principle (PP) urges actions to prevent harm even in the face of scientific uncertainty. Members of Toronto Public Health (TPH) sought guidance on applying precaution. Methods: We searched five bibliographic databases (yield 60 articles from 1996 to 2009 and 8 from 2009 to 2011) and Google (yield 11 gray literature sources) for material relevant to local public health. From these sources, we extracted questions until saturation was reached (n?=?55). We applied these questions retrospectively to eight case studies where TPH felt precaution was applied. We ranked questions for their importance in applying precaution. Results: Our final guide included 35 questions in five domains: context, assessment, alternative interventions, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation. Importance rankings varied across cases, but the role of stakeholders in driving precautionary action was consistent. Monitoring and evaluation components could have been strengthened across cases. Conclusion: The TPH guide can assist municipal environmental health practitioners in applying precaution in a more transparent manner. PMID:24999853

Hau, Monica; Cole, Donald; Vanderlinden, Loren; MacFarlane, Ronald; Mee, Carol; Archbold, Josephine; Campbell, Monica

2014-01-01

158

Sternal Precautions: Is It Time for Change? Precautions versus Restrictions – A Review of Literature and Recommendations for Revision  

PubMed Central

The processes that occur with normal sternal healing and potential complications related to median sternotomy are of particular interest to physical therapists. The premise of patients following sternal precautions (SP) or specific activity restrictions is the belief that avoiding certain movements will reduce risk of sternal complications. However, current research has identified that many patients remain functionally impaired long after cardiothoracic surgery. It is possible that some SP may contribute to such functional impairments. Currently, SP have several limitations including that they: (1) have no universally accepted definition, (2) are often based on anecdotal/expert opinion or at best supported by indirect evidence, (3) are mostly applied uniformly for all patients without regard to individual differences, and (4) may be overly restrictive and therefore impede ideal recovery. The purpose of this article is to present an overview of current research and commentary on median sternotomy procedures and activity restrictions. We propose that the optimal degree and duration of SP should be based on an individual patient's characteristics (eg, risk factors, comorbidities, previous activity level) that would enable physical activity to be targeted to particular limitations rather than restricting specific functional tasks and physical activity. Such patient-specific SP focusing on function may be more likely to facilitate recovery after median sternotomy and less likely to impede it. PMID:21448343

LaPier, Tanya Kinney; Shaw, Donald K.

2011-01-01

159

Machinery Safety on the Farm  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Machinery Safety on the Farm is an online publication designed for Virginia Tech students and instructors that provides an overview of various aspects of maintaining safety in a farm setting. The document highlights common hazards in machinery, complete with diagrams and descriptions for each type; then delves into the various precautions necessary to avoid accidents involving the aforementioned problem areas. The article is available as the html page, or as an optional pdf at the bottom of the page.

Grisso, Robert

160

IEG & IOB Uppsala University Page 1 General safety regulations for fieldwork  

E-print Network

and other participants residing abroad 4 4. Safety 4 4.1. Safety and protective equipment 4 4.2. Protective in an emergency, e.g. the supervisor. The mobile phone system's coverage in the work area should be taken into account. Fieldworking personnel are encouraged to programme their mobile phones with the ICE (short

Uppsala Universitet

161

76 FR 30374 - Cruise Vessel Safety and Security Act of 2010, Available Technology  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...27, 2010, Congress enacted the Cruise Vessel Safety and Security Act...addressed in the Act include: Updated ship design; providing public access to information regarding crime aboard cruise ships; improved precautions,...

2011-05-25

162

Critical Incidents of Nonadherence with Standard Precautions Guidelines Among Community Hospital-based Health Care Workers  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To identify, categorize, and assess critical incidents of nonadherence to standard precautions. DESIGN Qualitative and quantitative analysis of a written, mail-out survey. SETTING Community hospitals. PARTICIPANTS Statewide stratified random sample of community hospital-based health care workers at risk for blood exposure. MAIN VARIABLE Responses to the question: “Think of an incident during the past year when you didn't adhere to universal precautions. Please describe the situation and why you didn't adhere.” RESULTS Reasons given for not using precautions included: belief that stopping to use standard precautions would have put the patient at risk (22%); using precautions would have interfered with patient care (20%); precautions were not warranted in a specific situation (14%); did not anticipate the potential for exposure (14%); and high job demands that had caused respondent to be in a hurry (11%). Less often, equipment was not available (7%), respondent forgot (6%), respondent thought that the patient did not pose a risk (4%), or the available equipment was not effective (3%). In terms of overall exposure rates, 34% of those who described an incident had experienced a sharps injury during the previous 3 months and 42% had experienced a mucocutaneous exposure. In terms of overall nonadherence, 44% wore gloves less than 100% of the time, while 61% washed their hands less than 100% of the time. Needlestick injuries were lowest among those who had forgotten to use precautions, while mucocutaneous exposures were highest among those who had not anticipated potential exposure while performing the task. Failure to wear gloves routinely was highest among those who said that following precautions interfered with their ability to provide care and among those who believed a particular patient to be low risk; failure to wash hands routinely was also highest among the latter group and lowest among those who said necessary equipment was not available. CONCLUSIONS Using specific information about local incidents of nonadherence to standard precautions may enhance training, especially if the program identifies incidents of unanticipated exposure and helps workers plan for them in the future. Closer examination of job demands and responsibilities that interfere with standard precautions may increase the likelihood of adherence. PMID:15209585

Ferguson, Kristi J; Waitzkin, Howard; Beekmann, Susan E; Doebbeling, Bradley N

2004-01-01

163

10 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - General Statement of Safety Basis Policy  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...hazards. Section 234A of the Atomic Energy Act, however, only...not done within a permanent structure or the decommissioning of...operations, including safety structures, systems, and components...include any related area, structure, facility, or...

2010-01-01

164

10 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - General Statement of Safety Basis Policy  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...hazards. Section 234A of the Atomic Energy Act, however, only...not done within a permanent structure or the decommissioning of...operations, including safety structures, systems, and components...include any related area, structure, facility, or...

2012-01-01

165

10 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - General Statement of Safety Basis Policy  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...hazards. Section 234A of the Atomic Energy Act, however, only...not done within a permanent structure or the decommissioning of...operations, including safety structures, systems, and components...include any related area, structure, facility, or...

2011-01-01

166

10 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - General Statement of Safety Basis Policy  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...hazards. Section 234A of the Atomic Energy Act, however, only...not done within a permanent structure or the decommissioning of...operations, including safety structures, systems, and components...include any related area, structure, facility, or...

2014-01-01

167

10 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - General Statement of Safety Basis Policy  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...hazards. Section 234A of the Atomic Energy Act, however, only...not done within a permanent structure or the decommissioning of...operations, including safety structures, systems, and components...include any related area, structure, facility, or...

2013-01-01

168

41 CFR 50-204.2 - General safety and health standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Oil and Gas Operating Regulations. Part 231—Operating and Safety Regulations Governing the Mining of Potash; Oil Shale, Sodium, and Phosphate; Sulphur; and Gold, Silver, or Quicksilver; and Other Nonmetallic Minerals, Including...

2010-07-01

169

Analysis of general aviation single-pilot IFR incident data obtained from the NASA aviation safety reporting system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data obtained from the NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) data base were used to determine problems in general aviation single pilot IFR operations. The data examined consisted of incident reports involving flight safety in the National Aviation System. Only those incidents involving general aviation fixed wing aircraft flying under IFR in instrument meteorological conditions were analyzed. The data were cataloged into one of five major problem areas: (1) controller judgement and response problems; (2) pilot judgement and response problems; (3) air traffic control intrafacility and interfacility conflicts; (4) ATC and pilot communications problems; and (5) IFR-VFR conflicts. The significance of the related problems, and the various underlying elements associated with each are discussed. Previous ASRS reports covering several areas of analysis are reviewed.

Bergeron, H. P.

1980-01-01

170

Lithium/sulfur dioxide cell and battery safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The new high-energy lithium/sulfur dioxide primary electrochemical cell, having a number of advantages, has received considerable attention as a power source in the past few years. With greater experience and improved design by the manufacturers, this system can be used in a safe manner provided the guidelines for use and safety precautions described herein are followed. In addition to a description of cell design and appropriate definitions, there is a safety precautions checklist provided to guide the user. Specific safety procedures for marking, handling, transportation, and disposal are also given, as is a suggested series of tests, to assure manufacturer conformance to requirements.

Halpert, G.; Anderson, A.

1982-01-01

171

Adherence to Universal (barrier) Precautions during interventions on critically ill and injured emergency department patients.  

PubMed

In a study undertaken to determine compliance with Universal Precautions, we observed 129 personnel performing 1,274 interventions on 151 consecutive critically ill and injured patients in an emergency department setting in July 1988. Barrier precautions were fully adhered to 44.0% of the time. During interventions in patients with profuse bleeding, adherence was only 19.5% in contrast to 44.7% for those who were not bleeding. Adherence was 56.4% during minor interventions but only 16.7% during major procedures. Adherence rates varied among health care providers: residents, 58%; emergency staff physicians, 38%; consultant physicians, 43%; emergency nursing staff, 44%; paramedics, 8%; radiology technicians, 14%; and housekeeping, 91%. In a follow up questionnaire that ascertained reasons for lack of compliance, 47% of providers indicated that there was not always sufficient time to put on protective material, 33% felt that precautions interfered with skillful performance of procedures, and 23% stated that materials were uncomfortable. Only 2.7% felt that Universal Precautions did not work. Since there is no proven postexposure prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus, Universal Precautions must be rigorously followed until such time as they are shown not to be effective or an alternate approach is developed. Strategies to improve compliance and improvements in barrier technology need to be developed. PMID:2398462

Kelen, G D; DiGiovanna, T A; Celentano, D D; Kalainov, D; Bisson, L; Junkins, E; Stein, A; Lofy, L; Scott, C R; Sivertson, K T

1990-01-01

172

Analysis of general aviation single-pilot IFR incident data obtained from the NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An analysis of incident data obtained from the NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) has been made to determine the problem areas in general aviation single-pilot IFR (SPIFR) operations. The Aviation Safety Reporting System data base is a compilation of voluntary reports of incidents from any person who has observed or been involved in an occurrence which was believed to have posed a threat to flight safety. This paper examines only those reported incidents specifically related to general aviation single-pilot IFR operations. The frequency of occurrence of factors related to the incidents was the criterion used to define significant problem areas and, hence, to suggest where research is needed. The data was cataloged into one of five major problem areas: (1) controller judgment and response problems, (2) pilot judgment and response problems, (3) air traffic control (ATC) intrafacility and interfacility conflicts, (4) ATC and pilot communication problems, and (5) IFR-VFR conflicts. In addition, several points common to all or most of the problems were observed and reported. These included human error, communications, procedures and rules, and work load.

Bergeron, H. P.

1983-01-01

173

49 CFR 214.317 - On-track safety procedures, generally.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

Each employer subject to the provisions of this part shall provide on-track safety for roadway workers by adopting a program that contains specific rules for protecting roadway workers that comply with the provisions of §§ 214.319 through 214.337 of this...

2011-10-01

174

Sex education sources and attitudes toward sexual precautions across a decade.  

PubMed

75 college students responded to Moore and Barling's AIDS questionnaire. Coopersmith's Self-esteem Inventory, and a background survey regarding sex education and sexual and religious activity. The most commonly reported sources of sex education were peers, parents, and high school courses, respectively. Ratings of the most important of 10 potential sources of sex education included peers, high school courses, and religious institutions, respectively. None of these were significantly correlated with future condom use. Virgins reported more open communication with parents about sex. Sexual experience was positively related to more confusion about sexual precautions but negatively related to foreclosed attitudes toward such precautions. Some types of religious involvement (church attendance and campus religious organization membership) were related to foreclosed attitudes. Data in attitudinal and sex education were compared with data collected in 1991. Although students more frequently reported having received sex education in 2000, their attitudes toward utilizing sexual precautions have become somewhat more diffused. PMID:12785646

Guthrie, Mandy L; Bates, Larry W

2003-04-01

175

Safety analysis of thorium-based fuels in the General Electric Standard BWR  

Microsoft Academic Search

A denatured (U-233\\/Th)Oâ fuel assembly has been designed which is energy equivalent to and hardware interchangeable with a modern boiling water reactor (BWR) reference reload assembly. Relative to the reference UOâ fuel, the thorium fuel design shows better performance during normal and transient reactor operation for the BWR\\/6 product line and will meet or exceed current safety and licensing criteria.

M. J. Colby; D. B. Townsend; C. L. Kunz

1980-01-01

176

10 CFR 35.615 - Safety precautions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...patient's or human research subject's body...i) An authorized medical physicist and either...user and an authorized medical physicist to be physically...the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or...

2012-01-01

177

10 CFR 35.615 - Safety precautions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...patient's or human research subject's body...i) An authorized medical physicist and either...user and an authorized medical physicist to be physically...the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or...

2013-01-01

178

10 CFR 35.615 - Safety precautions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...patient's or human research subject's body...i) An authorized medical physicist and either...user and an authorized medical physicist to be physically...the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or...

2014-01-01

179

10 CFR 35.615 - Safety precautions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units...Units, Teletherapy Units, and Gamma Stereotactic Radiosurgery Units...units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units...the treatment console during irradiation. (e) For licensed...

2010-01-01

180

48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...clause— (1) Means liquid and solid propellants and explosives, pyrotechnics, incendiaries...Bulk, (ii) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads...components containing no explosives, propellants, or pyrotechnics; (ii)...

2012-10-01

181

48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...clause— (1) Means liquid and solid propellants and explosives, pyrotechnics, incendiaries...Bulk, (ii) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads...components containing no explosives, propellants, or pyrotechnics; (ii)...

2010-10-01

182

48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...clause— (1) Means liquid and solid propellants and explosives, pyrotechnics, incendiaries...Bulk, (ii) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads...components containing no explosives, propellants, or pyrotechnics; (ii)...

2011-10-01

183

48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...clause— (1) Means liquid and solid propellants and explosives, pyrotechnics, incendiaries...Bulk, (ii) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads...components containing no explosives, propellants, or pyrotechnics; (ii)...

2014-10-01

184

48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...clause— (1) Means liquid and solid propellants and explosives, pyrotechnics, incendiaries...Bulk, (ii) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads...components containing no explosives, propellants, or pyrotechnics; (ii)...

2013-10-01

185

INTENSIVE CARE UNIT PROFESSIONALS' KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOR RELATED TO THE ADOPTION OF CONTACT PRECAUTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to assess the knowledge and behavior of professionals working in Intensive Care Units (ICU) related to the adoption of contact precautions for the control of hospital infections (HI). This cross-sectional study used a semi-structured questionnaire to collect data. Descriptive and multivariate analyses were carried out, including logistic regression and decision tree using CHAID algorithm. A total of

Adriana Cristina de Oliveira; Clareci Silva Cardoso; Daniela Mascarenhas

2009-01-01

186

Improving Anesthesia Nurse Compliance with Universal Precautions Using Group Goals and Public Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universal Precautions (UPs), procedures to reduce the likelihood of accidental exposure to blood-borne pathogens, were observed among seven Certified Nurse Anesthetists and one anesthesia technician during intravenous line procedures. After six weeks of baseline measures, nurses participated in training, goal setting, and feedback targeting hand…

Stephens, Sara D.; Ludwig, Timothy D.

2005-01-01

187

Evaluation of primary flight display enhancements for improving general aviation safety  

E-print Network

The information architecture of general aviation cockpits is shifting from one of independent mechanical instruments to one of digital sensors, common databuses, and liquid crystal displays. This integrated architecture ...

Craig, Daniel R

2005-01-01

188

Hand Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Hand Safety Fireworks Safety Lawnmower Safety Snowblower Safety Pumpkin Carving Safety Gardening Safety Turkey Carving Safety Removing ... Hand Safety Fireworks Safety Lawnmower Safety Snowblower Safety Pumpkin Carving Safety Gardening Safety Turkey Carving Safety Removing ...

189

Chemical Safety. Part I: Safety in the Handling of Hazardous Chemicals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights the importance of considering the hazards, precautions, and emergency procedures pertinent to the safe handling of chemicals before introducing students to the laboratory. Discusses safety hazards depending on the chemical's properties including flammability, corrosivity, toxicity, and reactivity; eye protection; and physical hazards.…

Young, Jay A.

1997-01-01

190

Scope on Safety: Have a safe trip!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science safety isn't just a set of rules. It requires common sense and that teacher intuition that helps us predict what might happen when we least expect it. To that end, this month's column offers some practical advice to help you prepare for school field trips. Remember, as you leave the support of your institution, you'll be principal, teacher, and guide. You'll enjoy that trip all the more knowing you've made every precaution for safety.

Juliana Texley

2003-01-01

191

Numerical solutions of the aerosol general dynamic equation for nuclear reactor safety studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods and approximations inherent in modeling of aerosol dynamics and evolution for nuclear reactor source term estimation have been investigated. Several aerosol evolution problems are considered to assess numerical methods of solving the aerosol dynamic equation. A new condensational growth model is constructed by generalizing Mason's formula to arbitrary particle sizes, and arbitrary accommodation of the condensing vapor and background

1988-01-01

192

Improving Universal Precautions and Client Teaching for Rural Health Workers: A Peer-group Intervention  

PubMed Central

Health workers can contribute to HIV prevention by minimizing HIV transmission in health facilities and increasing Client teaching. We offered a peer-group intervention for Malawian rural health workers to build their universal precautions and teaching skills. A quasi-experimental design using independent sample surveys and observations compared health workers in an intervention and delayed intervention control district at baseline and at 15 and 30 months post-intervention. Controlling for demographic factors, the intervention district had more reported HIV teaching at 15 and 30 months and also had higher universal precautions knowledge and fewer needle stick injuries at 30 months. Observations at 15 and 30 months post-intervention showed higher levels of teaching in the intervention district. Observed glove wearing and hand washing were also higher at 30 months. This intervention should be made available for health workers in Malawi and provides a potential model for other high HIV prevalence countries. PMID:20229377

Jere, Diana L.; Kaponda, Chrissie P. N.; Chimwaza, Angela; Crittenden, Kathleen S.; Kachingwe, Sitingawawo I.; McCreary, Linda L.; Norr, James L.; Norr, Kathleen

2010-01-01

193

Nuclear criticality safety guide  

SciTech Connect

This technical reference document cites information related to nuclear criticality safety principles, experience, and practice. The document also provides general guidance for criticality safety personnel and regulators.

Pruvost, N.L.; Paxton, H.C. [eds.] [eds.

1996-09-01

194

An evaluation of precaution-based approaches as EMF policy tools in community environments.  

PubMed Central

This paper explores the use of precaution-based approaches as policy tools when responding to concerns about power-frequency electric and magnetic fields (EMF) in community environments. The combination of public concern and scientific uncertainty about potential health impacts from exposure to EMF challenges society to adopt EMF policies that balance the benefits of electric power against the possibility that some aspect of the use of electricity may be harmful. Inappropriate policy responses can undermine the economics of society's use of electricity and have other adverse consequences on public health. These adverse consequences result from the inappropriate diversion of scarce public and private resources. Precaution-based approaches are rooted in individual concepts of common sense and can be an effective component of a comprehensive set of EMF policy options. Precaution-based approaches do not replace science-based policy options and should only be used when the available science-based guidelines are not applicable. The application of these approaches should balance the real and expected costs and benefits of taking or not taking action. Given our current scientific knowledge, actions taken to reduce EMF exposure should necessarily be low cost because the expected benefits are uncertain. Society also needs to avoid adopting EMF policies that could incur high costs from distorting resources from other, more important, personal and public health priorities. PMID:8899365

Sahl, J; Dolan, M

1996-01-01

195

Guide for preparing annual reports on radiation-safety testing of electronic products (general)  

SciTech Connect

For manufacturers of electronic products other than those for which a specific guide has been issued, the guide replaces the Guide for the Filing of Annual Reports (21 CFR Subchapter J, Section 1002.11), HHS Publication FDA 82-8127. The electronic product (general) annual reporting guide is applicable to the following products: products intended to produce x radiation (accelerators, analytical devices, therapy x-ray machines); microwave diathermy machines; cold-cathode discharge tubes; and vacuum switches and tubes operating at or above 15,000 volts. To carry out its responsibilities under Public Law 90-602, the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) has issued a series of regulations contained in Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Part 1002 of 21 CFR deals with records and reports. Section 1002.61 categorizes electronic products into Groups A through C. Section 1002.30 requires manufacturers of products in Groups B and C to establish and maintain certain records, while Section 1002.11 requires such manufacturers to submit an Annual Report summarizing the contents of the required records. Section 1002.7 requires that reports conform to reporting guides issued by CDRH unless an acceptable justification for an alternate format is provided.

Not Available

1987-10-01

196

Update to the safety program for the general-purpose heat source radioisotope thermoelectric generators for the Galileo and Ulysses missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the rescheduling of the Galileo and Ulysses launches and the use of new upper stages following the Challenger accident, the aerospace nuclear safety program for the general-purpose heat source radioisotope thermoelectric generators (GPHS-RTGs) was extended to accommodate the new mission scenarios. As in the original safety program, the objectives were to determine the response of the GPHS-RTG to the various postulated accident environments and to determine the risk (if any) associated with these postulated accidents. The extended GPHS-RTG safety program was successfully completed in sufficient time to prepare an updated Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) with revisions for the October 1989 launch of the Galileo spacecraft.

Bennett, Gary L.; Bradshaw, C. T.; Englehart, Richard W.; Bartram, Bart W.; Cull, Theresa A.; Zocher, Roy W.; Eck, Marshall B.; Mukunda, Meera; Brenza, Peter T.; Chan, Chris C.

1992-01-01

197

Work Practice Simulation of Complex Human-Automation Systems in Safety Critical Situations: The Brahms Generalized berlingen Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The transition from the current air traffic system to the next generation air traffic system will require the introduction of new automated systems, including transferring some functions from air traffic controllers to on­-board automation. This report describes a new design verification and validation (V&V) methodology for assessing aviation safety. The approach involves a detailed computer simulation of work practices that includes people interacting with flight-critical systems. The research is part of an effort to develop new modeling and verification methodologies that can assess the safety of flight-critical systems, system configurations, and operational concepts. The 2002 Ueberlingen mid-air collision was chosen for analysis and modeling because one of the main causes of the accident was one crew's response to a conflict between the instructions of the air traffic controller and the instructions of TCAS, an automated Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System on-board warning system. It thus furnishes an example of the problem of authority versus autonomy. It provides a starting point for exploring authority/autonomy conflict in the larger system of organization, tools, and practices in which the participants' moment-by-moment actions take place. We have developed a general air traffic system model (not a specific simulation of Überlingen events), called the Brahms Generalized Ueberlingen Model (Brahms-GUeM). Brahms is a multi-agent simulation system that models people, tools, facilities/vehicles, and geography to simulate the current air transportation system as a collection of distributed, interactive subsystems (e.g., airports, air-traffic control towers and personnel, aircraft, automated flight systems and air-traffic tools, instruments, crew). Brahms-GUeM can be configured in different ways, called scenarios, such that anomalous events that contributed to the Überlingen accident can be modeled as functioning according to requirements or in an anomalous condition, as occurred during the accident. Brahms-GUeM thus implicitly defines a class of scenarios, which include as an instance what occurred at Überlingen. Brahms-GUeM is a modeling framework enabling "what if" analysis of alternative work system configurations and thus facilitating design of alternative operations concepts. It enables subsequent adaption (reusing simulation components) for modeling and simulating NextGen scenarios. This project demonstrates that BRAHMS provides the capacity to model the complexity of air transportation systems, going beyond idealized and simple flights to include for example the interaction of pilots and ATCOs. The research shows clearly that verification and validation must include the entire work system, on the one hand to check that mechanisms exist to handle failures of communication and alerting subsystems and/or failures of people to notice, comprehend, or communicate problematic (unsafe) situations; but also to understand how people must use their own judgment in relating fallible systems like TCAS to other sources of information and thus to evaluate how the unreliability of automation affects system safety. The simulation shows in particular that distributed agents (people and automated systems) acting without knowledge of each others' actions can create a complex, dynamic system whose interactive behavior is unexpected and is changing too quickly to comprehend and control.

Clancey, William J.; Linde, Charlotte; Seah, Chin; Shafto, Michael

2013-01-01

198

Seismic analysis of the large 70-meter antenna. Part 2: General dynamic response and a seismic safety check  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An extensive dynamic analysis for the new JPL 70-meter antenna structure is presented. Analytical procedures are based on the normal mode decomposition which include dumping and special forcing functions. The dynamic response can be obtained for any arbitrarily selected point on the structure. A new computer program for computing the time-dependent, resultant structural displacement, summing the effects of all participating modes, was developed also. Program compatibility with natural frequency analysis output was verified. The program was applied to the JPL 70-meter antenna structure and the dynamic response for several specially selected points was computed. Seismic analysis of structures, a special application of the general dynamic analysis, is based also on the normal modal decomposition. Strength specification of the antenna, with respect to the earthquake excitation, is done by using the common response spectra. The results indicated basically a safe design under an assumed 5% or more damping coefficient. However, for the antenna located at Goldstone, with more active seismic environment, this study strongly recommends and experimental program that determines the true damping coefficient for a more reliable safety check.

Kiedron, K.; Chian, C. T.

1985-01-01

199

49 CFR 385.11 - Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination. 385.11 Section...CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.11...Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination. (a)...

2011-10-01

200

49 CFR 385.11 - Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination. 385.11 Section...CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.11...Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination. (a)...

2010-10-01

201

Site Safety Plan for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory CERCLA investigations  

SciTech Connect

The safety policy of LLNL is to take every reasonable precaution in the performance of work to protect the environment and the health and safety of employees and the public, and to prevent property damage. With respect to hazardous agents, this protection is provided by limiting human exposures, releases to the environment, and contamination of property to levels that are as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA). It is the intent of this Plan to supply the broad outline for completing environmental investigations within ALARA guidelines. It may not be possible to determine actual working conditions in advance of the work; therefore, planning must allow the opportunity to provide a range of protection based upon actual working conditions. Requirements will be the least restrictive possible for a given set of circumstances, such that work can be completed in an efficient and timely fashion. Due to the relatively large size of the LLNL Site and the different types of activities underway, site-specific Operational Safety Procedures (OSPs) will be prepared to supplement activities not covered by this Plan. These site-specific OSPs provide the detailed information for each specific activity and act as an addendum to this Plan, which provides the general plan for LLNL Main Site operation.

Bainer, R.; Duarte, J.

1993-07-01

202

Do Active Surveillance and Contact Precautions Reduce MRSA Acquisition? A Prospective Interrupted Time Series  

PubMed Central

Background Consensus for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) control has still not been reached. We hypothesised that use of rapid MRSA detection followed by contact precautions and single room isolation would reduce MRSA acquisition. Methods This study was a pre-planned prospective interrupted time series comparing rapid PCR detection and use of long sleeved gowns and gloves (contact precautions) plus single room isolation or cohorting of MRSA colonised patients with a control group. The study took place in a medical-surgical intensive care unit of a tertiary adult hospital between May 21st 2007 and September 21st 2009. The primary outcome was the rate of MRSA acquisition. A segmented regression analysis was performed to determine the trend in MRSA acquisition rates before and after the intervention. Findings The rate of MRSA acquisition was 18.5 per 1000 at risk patient days in the control phase and 7.9 per 1000 at-risk patient days in the intervention phase, with an adjusted hazard ratio 0.39 (95% CI 0.24 to 0.62). Segmented regression analysis showed a decline in MRSA acquisition of 7% per month in the intervention phase, (95%CI 1.9% to 12.8% reduction) which was a significant change in slope compared with the control phase. Secondary analysis found prior exposure to anaerobically active antibiotics and colonization pressure were associated with increased acquisition risk. Conclusion Contact precautions with single room isolation or cohorting were associated with a 60% reduction in MRSA acquisition. While this study was a quasi-experimental design, many measures were taken to strengthen the study, such as accounting for differences in colonisation pressure, hand hygiene compliance and individual risk factors across the groups, and confining the study to one centre to reduce variation in transmission. Use of two research nurses may limit its generalisability to units in which this level of support is available. PMID:23555568

Marshall, Caroline; Richards, Michael; McBryde, Emma

2013-01-01

203

Large-Scale Spacecraft Fire Safety Tests  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An international collaborative program is underway to address open issues in spacecraft fire safety. Because of limited access to long-term low-gravity conditions and the small volume generally allotted for these experiments, there have been relatively few experiments that directly study spacecraft fire safety under low-gravity conditions. Furthermore, none of these experiments have studied sample sizes and environment conditions typical of those expected in a spacecraft fire. The major constraint has been the size of the sample, with prior experiments limited to samples of the order of 10 cm in length and width or smaller. This lack of experimental data forces spacecraft designers to base their designs and safety precautions on 1-g understanding of flame spread, fire detection, and suppression. However, low-gravity combustion research has demonstrated substantial differences in flame behavior in low-gravity. This, combined with the differences caused by the confined spacecraft environment, necessitates practical scale spacecraft fire safety research to mitigate risks for future space missions. To address this issue, a large-scale spacecraft fire experiment is under development by NASA and an international team of investigators. This poster presents the objectives, status, and concept of this collaborative international project (Saffire). The project plan is to conduct fire safety experiments on three sequential flights of an unmanned ISS re-supply spacecraft (the Orbital Cygnus vehicle) after they have completed their delivery of cargo to the ISS and have begun their return journeys to earth. On two flights (Saffire-1 and Saffire-3), the experiment will consist of a flame spread test involving a meter-scale sample ignited in the pressurized volume of the spacecraft and allowed to burn to completion while measurements are made. On one of the flights (Saffire-2), 9 smaller (5 x 30 cm) samples will be tested to evaluate NASAs material flammability screening tests. The first flight (Saffire-1) is scheduled for July 2015 with the other two following at six-month intervals. A computer modeling effort will complement the experimental effort. Although the experiment will need to meet rigorous safety requirements to ensure the carrier vehicle does not sustain damage, the absence of a crew removes the need for strict containment of combustion products. This will facilitate the first examination of fire behavior on a scale that is relevant to spacecraft fire safety and will provide unique data for fire model validation.

Urban, David; Ruff, Gary A.; Ferkul, Paul V.; Olson, Sandra; Fernandez-Pello, A. Carlos; T'ien, James S.; Torero, Jose L.; Cowlard, Adam J.; Rouvreau, Sebastien; Minster, Olivier; Toth, Balazs; Legros, Guillaume; Eigenbrod, Christian; Smirnov, Nickolay; Fujita, Osamu; Jomaas, Grunde

2014-01-01

204

Laser safety in head and neck cancer surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of trans-oral laser techniques for the resection of head and neck carcinomas has increased exponentially over the\\u000a last four decades. Inadvertent laser damage to the patient or operating theatre staff is an acknowledged risk. However, no\\u000a data exist to verify the safety margin of commonly employed precautions. The aims of this study was to assess the safety margins

Ferhan Ahmed; Andrew J. Kinshuck; Michael Harrison; Dan O’Brien; Jeffrey Lancaster; Nicholas J. Roland; Shaun R. Jackson; Terrence M. Jones

2010-01-01

205

[Cultural adaptation of "Questionnaires for Knowledge and Compliance with Standard Precaution" to Brazilian Portuguese].  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to adapt the "Questionnaires for Knowledge and Compliance with Standard Precaution" to Brazilian Portuguese. This was a methodological study with the following steps: 1) initial translations; 2) synthesis of translations; 3) analysis by a committee of experts; 4) back translation; 5) semantic validation; and 6) pretest. The sample was composed of 42 nurses, 12 of which participated in the semantic validation, and 30 of which participated in the pretest. The study was conducted in a teaching hospital in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The semantic validation showed that the questionnaires are understandable, easy to complete, and appropriate in regard to knowledge and compliance with standard precautions. The pretest confirmed the final version. Therefore, the process of cultural adaptation was shown to be satisfactory, and the questionnaires are adapted to Brazilian Portuguese, and their process of validation should be continued to test the psychometric characteristics. After that, the instruments will be ready for use in Brazil. PMID:25080697

Valim, Marília Duarte; Marziale, Maria Helena Palucci

2013-12-01

206

Farm Fuel Safety Accidents in the handling, use and storage of gasoline, gasohol, diesel fuel, LP-gas and  

E-print Network

112 Farm Fuel Safety Accidents in the handling, use and storage of gasoline, gasohol, diesel fuel and by keeping fuel storage facilities in top condition. Flammable Liquids and Gases Gasoline, diesel fuel, LP flammability and safety precautions. Do not keep gasoline inside the home or transport it in the trunks

207

Ethical acceptability, health policy and foods biotechnology based foods: is there a third way between the precaution principle and an overly enthusiastic dissemination of GMO?  

PubMed

The demand for consumer safety with regard to the food-processing industry is becoming, legitimately, more and more urgent. If ingested drugs can carry deleterious effects that exceed the beneficial effect that the research was initially undertaken for, then the same can only be the case for foods that stem from the same new biotechnologies, zero risk being non existent. There are two conflicting viewpoints about the possible risks linked to genetically modified organisms: a posteriori protection (based on vigilance once the product is on the market) and an a priori protection (at present usually supported by the precaution principle). We suggest a third way, which ensures consumer safety, but doesn't hinder scientific progress. Just as there are regulations for the protection of human subjects in biomedical research and regulations for the use of drugs after they are marketed, so should such regulations be introduced in the domains of food production that use biotechnologies. We therefore suggest that the scientific community and the food-processing industry develop evaluation protocols for new foods like the ones that exist for drugs. We thus offer thirteen regulations, based on the Helsinki declaration, in order to establish these protocols. These proposals, applied to food-processing research, would enable the industry to return confidence to consumers and thus avoid the random blocking of scientific progress, which is a source of health for the greater population. PMID:11401233

Meningaud, J P; Moutel, G; Hervé, C

2001-01-01

208

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS SAFETY AND EMERGENCY  

E-print Network

................................................................................................................13 5.5 Laser SafetyDEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS SAFETY AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES MANUAL #12;INTRODUCTION This manual has been............................................................................................................1 II. General Safety Rules

Liu, Kai

209

Missouri Elementary Science Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this safety manual is to provide a resource to help manage and minimize potential risks in science classrooms where students spend up to 60% of instructional time engaged in hands-on activities. Information on general laboratory safety, science equipment safety, safety with plants, safety with animals, safety with chemicals, field…

Lemons, Judith L.

210

Ethics and science: a time for precaution The situation of science and scientists today is neither clear nor simple. On some very important  

E-print Network

,version1-9Feb2011 Author manuscript, published in "Ethics and science: a time for precaution, Germany1 Ethics and science: a time for precaution The situation of science and scientists today the ethical dimensions. I will develop my work in three parts. First Science and Ethics - Past and Present

Boyer, Edmond

211

Factors associated with occupational exposure and compliance with universal precautions in an urban school district.  

PubMed

Factors associated with occupational exposure and universal precautions (UP) compliance were assessed among employees in one urban school district. Half of the employees surveyed reported responding to bleeding injuries and cleaning blood or other body fluids (e.g., vomit, urine) during the previous school year. Also, 1 in 4 custodians and 1 in 10 teachers/teacher's aides had direct contact with blood or body fluids without protection. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, direct contact was most likely among secondary school employees in unpredictable situations who did not have protective equipment or comply with UP. UP compliance was greater among those who had protective equipment available and felt self-confident. Self-confidence was associated with having received training or protective equipment. Routine communications between administrators and employees, staff training, provision of protective equipment, and exposure incident monitoring are essential to effective implementation of UP policies in schools and work settings where occupational exposure could occur. PMID:10533176

Blake, S M; Windsor, R A; Lohrmann, D K; Gay, N; Ledsky, R; Richman, A; Jones, S B; Banspach, S W

1999-10-01

212

Development of U.S. Government General Technical Requirements for UAS Flight Safety Systems Utilizing the Iridium Satellite Constellation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the development of technical requirements for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) utilization of the Iridium Satellite Constellation to provide flight safety. The Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) required an over-the-horizon communication standard to guarantee flight safety before permitting widespread UAS flights in the National Air Space (NAS). This is important to ensure reliable control of UASs during loss-link and over-the-horizon scenarios. The core requirement was to utilize a satellite system to send GPS tracking data and other telemetry from a flight vehicle down to the ground. Iridium was chosen as the system because it is one of the only true satellite systems that has world wide coverage, and the service has a highly reliable link margin. The Iridium system, the flight modems, and the test flight are described.

Murray, Jennifer; Birr, Richard

2010-01-01

213

What is known about the safety of multivitamin-multimineral supplements for the generally healthy population? Theoretical basis for harm.  

PubMed

Assessment of the safety of nutrients presents a challenge different from that posed by the assessment of other chemicals in food such as additives or contaminants. Because nutrients are essential, a dose-response relation exists at both ends of the intake range, separated by a safe range of intake that reflects normal homeostatic processes. The safe intake may not be the same for all population groups and life stages. The size of the safe intake range for each nutrient will vary and in a few cases may be very small. Certain nutrients such as vitamin A and manganese have known and potentially serious adverse effects at high intakes, whereas others such as iron or vitamin C may have more minor adverse effects that are readily reversible and may only be associated with supplement intake. The risk of harm occurring from taking dietary supplements will depend on the safe intake range of the nutrient concerned, the susceptibility of the individual, and the likely intake of the same nutrient from other supplements or the rest of the diet. In many cases, the available database for the safety of nutrients is very limited because the studies, where available, were not designed to assess adverse effects but may have detected problems when they occurred. Further information on the safety of nutrients could be obtained through careful experimental design. PMID:17209218

Mulholland, Catherine A; Benford, Diane J

2007-01-01

214

_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program  

E-print Network

11/22/2011 _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety: General Course Prerequisite: None Course Length: 1 hour Medical Approval: None Delivery Mode: classroom overview of the safety principles of the Division's safety processes and culture. Discussion will include

Eisen, Michael

215

_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program  

E-print Network

to Safety at the JGI Course Prerequisite: EHS0010 Course Length: 1 hour Medical Approval: No Delivery Mode_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training to give new employees and guests a general overview of the safety principles of the Joint Genome Institute

Eisen, Michael

216

Georgia Institute of Laboratory Safety  

E-print Network

)........................................................................................................ 13 Laser Safety Committee (LSCGeorgia Institute of Technology Laboratory Safety Manual April 29, 2013 #12;Georgia Institute of Technology Laboratory Safety Manual 2 Contents 1. INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION................ 9

217

Georgia Institute of Laboratory Safety  

E-print Network

).........................................................................................................13 Laser Safety Committee (LSCGeorgia Institute of Technology Laboratory Safety Manual May 15, 2013 #12;Georgia Institute of Technology Laboratory Safety Manual 2 Contents 1. INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION ............... 9

218

Working with Carbon Tetrachloride According to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) special precautions  

E-print Network

into a ziploc bag with a label for carcinogen. The bag will be placed in a designated area for disposal. Storing will be placed in a designated area for disposal. The door to the animal room MUST have a sign posted indicating will be incinerated Kinetics: Animal studies have shown unde

Cui, Yan

219

A clinical trial of efficacy and safety of inhalation sedation with a 50% nitrous oxide/oxygen premix (Kalinox™) in general practice.  

PubMed

The current study aimed to verify if the safety and effectiveness of inhalation sedation with 50% nitrous oxide in oxygen (N(2)O/O(2)) is maintained when the premix is administrated by trained general practitioners in their dental surgeries compared to its use in the hospital. Success (completion of planned treatment), cooperation (modified Venham scale), and adverse events were recorded. The acceptability of the technique to the patients, the level of patient cooperation, the ease of use, and the satisfaction of the dentist were also evaluated. Thirty-three general practitioners included 549 patients and recorded 638 sessions of N(2)O/O(2) sedation for dental treatment. Of the sessions, 93.7% were successful in terms of both sedation and treatment. Patient cooperation was seen to improve under N(2)O/O(2) sedation, and for 91% of the sessions, the patients declared that they would like future treatment to be undertaken in the same way. No serious adverse events were recorded. Minor adverse events were noted for 10% of the sessions (behavioural, vagal, and digestive disorders). These results were similar to those found for sessions undertaken in hospital practice. The main difference was in the type of patient treated-more patients received N(2)O/O(2) sedation in general practice for a one-off indication or for dental phobia, and more patients with intellectual disability and more pre-cooperative children were treated in hospital practice. This study gives strong supporting evidence for the safety and effectiveness of inhalation sedation using 50% N(2)O/O(2) in general dental practice for healthy patients. PMID:22186944

Hennequin, Martine; Collado, Valérie; Faulks, Denise; Koscielny, Serge; Onody, Peter; Nicolas, Emmanuel

2012-04-01

220

The Impact of Precaution and Practice on the Performance of a Risky Motor Task  

PubMed Central

The association between threat perception and motor execution, mediated by evolved precaution systems, often results in ritual-like behavior, including many idiosyncratic acts that seem irrelevant to the task at hand. This study tested the hypothesis that threat-detection during performance of a risky motor task would result in idiosyncratic activity that is not necessary for task completion. We asked biology students to follow a particular set of instructions in mixing three solutions labeled “bio-hazardous” and then repeat this operation with “non-hazardous” substances (or vice versa). We observed a longer duration of the overall performance, a greater repertoire of acts, longer maximal act duration, and longer mean duration of acts in the “risky” task when it was performed before the “non-risky” task. Some, but not all, of these differences were eliminated when a “non-risky” task preceded the “risky” one. The increased performance of idiosyncratic unnecessary activity is in accordance with the working hypothesis of the present study: ritualized idiosyncratic activities are performed in response to a real or illusionary threat, as a means to alleviate anxiety. PMID:25379241

Keren, Hila; Boyer, Pascal; Mort, Joel; Eilam, David

2013-01-01

221

Evaluation of reducing postoperative hip precautions in total hip replacement: a randomized prospective study.  

PubMed

Currently, many rehabilitation protocols for total hip replacements (THRs) include activity restrictions to prevent postoperative dislocation. There is increasing demand for more efficient and safe rehabilitation protocols. This randomized prospective study evaluates the need for hip restrictions following a modified anterolateral procedure. From 2004 to 2008, 81 patients seeking elective THRs were randomly assigned into a standard rehabilitation group or an early rehabilitation group. The standard group included restrictions to avoid hip flexion >90 degrees and avoidance of riding in a car for the first postoperative month. The early group had no flexion or car riding restrictions. Forty-three patients were in the standard group and 38 patients were in the early group. There were no significant demographic differences between the 2 groups. All patients completed the Short Form 12-question Health Survey and Harris Hip Score preoperatively and at 4 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, and 1 year postoperatively. The time-points at which the patient first drove and ambulated with a cane, without a cane, and without a limp were also collected. No incidents of dislocation occurred. Patients in the early group were faster to ambulate with only a cane (P=.03), without a cane (P<.001), and without a limp (P=.003). They also drove earlier (P=.02). Pace of recovery was the only significant difference between the 2 groups. The early rehabilitation protocol increases the pace of recovery compared to a pathway with hip precautions without increasing complications. PMID:19968217

Ververeli, Prodromos A; Lebby, Eric B; Tyler, Cheryl; Fouad, Carol

2009-12-01

222

AIDS knowledge, occupational precautions, and public education activities among law enforcement officers and first responders.  

PubMed

A survey on AIDS was administered within a large, southern California jurisdiction to law enforcement officers and first responders (paramedics, firefighters). Respondents had accurate knowledge about AIDS but several incorrect perceptions about HIV transmission; a substantial proportion believed that HIV could be contracted from casual contact. AIDS training was not frequent. Self-assessment of HIV risk was medium to high risk in one-third of respondents, and was largely attributable to fear of occupational exposure. Appropriate precautionary professional practices were adopted at low frequencies, with respondents adopting preventive measures less than 50% of the time on 7 of 10 measures. Seventeen percent reportedly received requests for HIV/AIDS education from members of the public, which is incongruous with law enforcement officers' and first responders' demonstrated level of knowledge about HIV transmission. It was concluded that improved educational programs on HIV/AIDS are needed for law enforcement officers and first responders to increase the use of occupational precautions in the field, and to improve the accuracy of public AIDS education activities conducted by these professionals. PMID:7883946

Gellert, G A; Maxwell, R M; Higgins, K V; Barnard, R; Page, B

1994-01-01

223

Engineer Ethics Education that Treated Safety Problem to Promote Development of General Human Competence and Independent Engineer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The human race came to expect the engineer?s international activity by an international extension of the risk. The engineer should provide with “Overall ability” and “Independent ability” to answer the demand of the society. The engineer ethics education is effective to the acquisition of the ability that the society demands. Because the engineer ethics education teaches the engineer to develop “Ethics action as the individual” to “Ethics activity as the enterprise” . In the point of development of the comprehensive capacity, it can be said that the engineer ethics education is training that supports the action power that accomplishes the social responsibility. However, it is easy to make the engineer ethics education a polite fiction. Then, we propose to take the safety problem to the ethics education for the prevention of making to the polite fiction of the education.

Hotta, Genji

224

Effectiveness of precautions against droplets and contact in prevention of nosocomial transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We did a case-control study in five Hong Kong hospitals, with 241 non-infected and 13 infected staff with documented exposures to 11 index patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) during patient care. All participants were surveyed about use of mask, gloves, gowns, and hand-washing, as recommended under droplets and contact precautions when caring for index patients with SARS. 69

WH Seto; D Tsang; RWH Yung; TY Ching; TK Ng; M Ho; LM Ho; JSM Peiris

2003-01-01

225

Determinants of Emergency Department Procedure and Condition-Specific Universal (Barrier) Precaution Requirements for Optimal Provider Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To determine potential blood and body fluid (B\\/BF) contacts with specific body areas associated with procedures commonly performed in the emergency department and to thereby delineate appropriate procedure-specific precautions.Design: Prospective, observational study assessing procedure-related B\\/BF contacts by use of stratified, blocked sampling of shifts. Participants: ED patients in an inner-city tertiary care university hospital. Results: Of 2,529 procedures

Gabor D Kelen; Karen N Hansen; Gary B Green; Nelson Tang; Chandana Ganguli

1995-01-01

226

Blood and body fluid exposures among surgeons: a survey of attitudes and perceptions five years following Universal Precautions.  

PubMed

A mail survey of surgeons at our medical center 5 years following adoption of Universal Precautions revealed that 29% estimated having > or = 1 potentially serious blood or body fluid exposures (BBEs) per month. Failure to report BBEs (usually needlesticks) to the employee health department was common, and the majority of surgeons in practice for > or = 10 years never reported such exposures. The most commonly cited reason for not reporting BBEs was perceived low risk of acquiring bloodborne infections. PMID:8708357

Manian, F A

1996-03-01

227

A Comparison of the Effectiveness of Interactive Laser Disc and Classroom Video Tape for Safety Instruction of General Motors Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes evaluation that assessed the effectiveness of the Interactive Laser Disc System (ILDS) Training Program in comparison with classroom instruction with videotape for training of General Motors workers. Topics discussed include achievement test, attitude scales, opinion surveys, user preference questionnaires, interviews, and variables that…

Bosco, James; Wagner, Jerry

1988-01-01

228

"Bringing Down the Flag": Removing the Contact Precautions Label for Non-hospitalized Patients with Prior Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection or Colonization.  

PubMed

A policy consensus has not been reached regarding discontinuing contact precautions in patients with a history of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We found that as many as 72% of outpatients flagged for past MRSA were no longer carriers, and a single nasal PCR test provided a reasonable negative predictive value for removing contact precautions. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2015;00(0): 1-3. PMID:25626471

Carson, Paul J; Danford, Mallory; Carson, Grace; Hanish, Christine; Thompson, Jody; Orr, Megan; Traynor, Michael; Roth, Felix; Guerrero, Dubert

2015-05-01

229

49 CFR 385.5 - Safety fitness standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Safety fitness standard. 385.5 Section 385.5 ...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.5 Safety fitness standard. The satisfactory safety...

2014-10-01

230

49 CFR 385.5 - Safety fitness standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Safety fitness standard. 385.5 Section 385.5 ...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.5 Safety fitness standard. The satisfactory safety...

2012-10-01

231

49 CFR 385.19 - Safety fitness information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Safety fitness information. 385.19 Section 385...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.19 Safety fitness information. (a) Final safety...

2011-10-01

232

49 CFR 385.5 - Safety fitness standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Safety fitness standard. 385.5 Section 385.5 ...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.5 Safety fitness standard. The satisfactory safety...

2013-10-01

233

49 CFR 385.19 - Safety fitness information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Safety fitness information. 385.19 Section 385...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.19 Safety fitness information. (a) Final safety...

2010-10-01

234

Revitalizing Nuclear Safety Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers the general issues involved in nuclear safety research and points out the areas needing detailed consideration. Topics included are: (1) "Principles of Nuclear Safety Research" (examining who should fund, who should conduct, and who should set the agenda for nuclear safety research); (2) "Elements of a Future Agenda for Nuclear…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

235

Child Development Associate Training Program. Unit I: Health and Safety in the Classroom. Module 4: Nutrition for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of an adequate diet in a child's growth and development is the topic of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module. The material emphasizes different nutrients, their food sources and their availability through a variety and combination of different foods. Correct food handling, as well as safety precautions and the…

Philadelphia Community Coll., PA.

236

Safety evaluation of some wild plants in the New Nordic Diet.  

PubMed

One of the dietary components in the New Nordic Diet, is plants from the wild countryside. However, these may have a high content of bioactive components, some of which could be toxic in larger quantities. The objective of this paper is to outline a strategy for safety evaluation of wild plants not covered in current food compositional databases and to apply the method for selected plants used in the New Nordic Diet recipes. Four examples of typical wild edible plants were evaluated (stinging nettle, sorrel, chickweed and common lambsquarters), and based on substantial equivalence with known food plants the majority of the bioactive components reported were within the range experienced when eating or drinking typical food stuffs. For most compounds the hazards could be evaluated as minor. The only precaution found was for common lambsquarters because of its presumed high level of oxalic acid. It is concluded that a substance-by-substance evaluation of intake by equivalence to common foods is a useful and efficient strategy to evaluate the safety of newly introduced wild edible plants. Further evaluation and better compositional analyses are warranted before a daily consumption of significant amounts of wild edible plants can be generally regarded as safe. PMID:23009884

Mithril, Charlotte; Dragsted, Lars Ove

2012-12-01

237

Long-term safety of perampanel and seizure outcomes in refractory partial-onset seizures and secondarily generalized seizures: Results from phase III extension study 307  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate safety, tolerability, seizure frequency, and regional variations in treatment responses with the AMPA antagonist, perampanel, in a large extension study during up to 3 years of treatment. Methods Patients ?12 years old with partial-onset seizures despite treatment with 1–3 antiepileptic drugs at baseline completed a perampanel phase III trial and entered extension study 307 (NCT00735397). Patients were titrated to 12 mg/day (or their individual maximum tolerated dose) during the blinded conversion period, followed by open-label maintenance. Exposure, safety (adverse events [AEs], vital signs, weight, electrocardiography [ECG], laboratory values) and seizure outcomes were analyzed; key measures were assessed by geographic regions. Results Among 1,216 patients, median exposure was 1.5 years (range 1 week to 3.3 years), with >300 patients treated for >2 years. Treatment retention was 58.5% at cutoff. AEs reported in ?10% of patients were dizziness, somnolence, headache, fatigue, irritability, and weight increase. Only dizziness and irritability caused discontinuation in >1% of patients (3.9% and 1.3%, respectively). The only serious AEs reported in >1% of patients were epilepsy-related (convulsion, 3.0%; status epilepticus, 1.1%). No clinically relevant changes in vital signs, ECG or laboratory parameters were seen. After titration/conversion, responder rate and median percentage change from baseline in seizure frequency were stable: 46% for both measures at 9 months (in 980 patients with ?9 months' exposure) and 58% and 60%, respectively, at 2 years (in the 337 patients with 2 years' exposure). Median percentage reduction in frequency of secondarily generalized (SG) seizures ranged from 77% at 9 months (N = 422) to 90% at 2 years (N = 141). Among the 694 patients with maintenance data ?1 year, 5.3% were seizure-free for the entire year. Significance No new safety signals emerged during up to 3 years of perampanel exposure in 39 countries. Seizure responses remained stable, with marked reductions, particularly in SG seizures. PMID:24867391

Krauss, Gregory L; Perucca, Emilio; Ben-Menachem, Elinor; Kwan, Patrick; Shih, Jerry J; Clément, Jean-François; Wang, Xuefeng; Bagul, Makarand; Gee, Michelle; Zhu, Jin; Squillacote, David

2014-01-01

238

Quick Guide for Staff Caring for Patients on Suicide Precautions 1. Before patient arrives to unit  

E-print Network

. Evaluate patient including suicide risk, at least every 24 hours. Monitor Visitors. Document patient Patient Safety goal calling for identifying all patients at risk for suicide. Fact 2: According to WHO: Suicide risk for a patient is highest immediately an attempt. Persons who have made serious attempts

Oliver, Douglas L.

239

Vocational Safety Guide to Generalized Safety Provisions as They Apply to: Agricultural Education, Business and Office Education, Health Occupations Education, Home Economics Education, Industrial Arts Education, Marketing and Distributive Education, Trade and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This vocational safety guide is designed to help Missouri school practitioners at all levels in providing for the safe instruction and work associated with practical arts and vocational and technical subjects. Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: Missouri legislation and regulations pertaining to school safety;…

Dyrenfurth, Michael J.; Linhardt, Richard E.

240

MRI Safety Grand Challenge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are given an engineering challenge: A nearby hospital has just installed a new magnetic resonance imaging facility that has the capacity to make 3D images of the brain and other body parts by exposing patients to a strong magnetic field. The hospital wishes for its entire staff to have a clear understanding of the risks involved in working near a strong magnetic field and a basic understanding of why those risks occur. Your task is to develop a presentation or pamphlet explaining the risks, the physics behind those risks, and the safety precautions to be taken by all staff members. This 10-lesson/4-activity unit was designed to provide hands-on activities to teach end-of-year electricity and magnetism topics to a first-year accelerated or AP physics class. Students learn about and then apply the following science concepts to solve the challenge: magnetic force, magnetic moments and torque, the Biot-Savart law, Ampere's law and Faraday's law. This module is built around the Legacy Cycle, a format that incorporates findings from educational research on how people best learn.

VU Bioengineering RET Program,

241

49 CFR 385.11 - Notification of safety fitness determination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Notification of safety fitness determination. 385.11 Section 385...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.11 Notification of safety fitness determination. (a) The...

2014-10-01

242

49 CFR 385.5 - Safety fitness standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Safety fitness standard. 385.5 Section 385.5 ...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.5 Safety fitness standard. A motor carrier must meet...

2011-10-01

243

49 CFR 385.11 - Notification of safety fitness determination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Notification of safety fitness determination. 385.11 Section 385...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.11 Notification of safety fitness determination. (a) The...

2012-10-01

244

49 CFR 385.5 - Safety fitness standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Safety fitness standard. 385.5 Section 385.5 ...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.5 Safety fitness standard. A motor carrier must meet...

2010-10-01

245

49 CFR 385.9 - Determination of a safety rating.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.9 Determination...385.7 as computed under the Safety Fitness Rating Methodology set forth in appendix...consistent with that portion of the safety fitness standard set forth in §...

2010-10-01

246

49 CFR 385.9 - Determination of a safety rating.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.9 Determination...385.7 as computed under the Safety Fitness Rating Methodology set forth in appendix...consistent with that portion of the safety fitness standard set forth in §...

2011-10-01

247

49 CFR 385.11 - Notification of safety fitness determination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Notification of safety fitness determination. 385.11 Section 385...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.11 Notification of safety fitness determination. (a) The...

2013-10-01

248

49 CFR 385.19 - Safety fitness information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Safety fitness information. 385.19 Section 385...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.19 Safety fitness information. (a) Final ratings...

2013-10-01

249

49 CFR 385.19 - Safety fitness information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Safety fitness information. 385.19 Section 385...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.19 Safety fitness information. (a) Final ratings...

2012-10-01

250

49 CFR 385.19 - Safety fitness information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Safety fitness information. 385.19 Section 385...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.19 Safety fitness information. (a) Final ratings...

2014-10-01

251

Safety Guide for Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook is intended to be utilized by health occupations teachers as supplementary instructional materials for a unit on safety. The document contains general safety rules applicable to hospitals and other health care institutions. Outlined are general rules for fire safety and office and clerical safety and more specific rules for the…

Illinois State Board of Vocational Education and Rehabilitation, Springfield. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

252

Early interactions between animal psychologists and animal activists and the founding of the APA Committee on Precautions in Animal Experimentation.  

PubMed

The current conflict between animal psychologists and animal rights activists often is presented as a recent and unique phenomenon. Although its scope may be unprecedented, the fundamental issues are longstanding. Early criticisms of animal psychologists are viewed in the context of the broader Victorian antivivisectionist movement and are seen as similar to those of the present time. Various attitudes toward animals and research were expressed by individuals such as Charles Darwin, George John Romanes, William James, and John Dewey. Media attacks on animal research were directed at psychologists such as G. Stanley Hall, John B. Watson, Ivan P. Pavlov, and Edward L. Thorndike. The American Psychological Association Committee on Precautions in Animal Experimentation was founded in 1925 at the instigation of Walter B. Cannon, with Robert M. Yerkes as the first chair. PMID:2178508

Dewsbury, D A

1990-03-01

253

Farm Safety  

PubMed Central

Accident and safety are related terms; the higher the accident rate in any industry, the greater is the need for safety measures designed to prevent accidents. This article discusses the accident and safety problems in agriculture, which includes horticulture and forestry. There is still a tendency among townspeople to think of the countryside as peaceful and tranquil, a place where nothing happens very quickly and far removed from violent death or crippling injury. This pleasant rustic picture has undergone a striking change in the last 30 years owing to considerable agricultural mechanization and the development of chemical pesticides, which have brought new dangers to those who live and work on the land. Although men have readily adapted themselves to new machines and methods, they have not proved as able to recognize new dangers and learn how to guard against them. In consequence, accidents have increased to such an extent that the whole industry has realized the need for positive preventive measures. In this country, it is generally accepted that an employer of labour has a responsibility to provide safe working conditions for those he employs. Farm safety legislation goes a little further and usually requires an employer to provide necessary safeguards, with the added requirement on a worker to make use of them. It is a feature of accident prevention work that it never reaches a stage when it can be regarded as complete. Even when a reduction in accidents has been achieved, the effort must be sustained or the trend will be quickly reversed. Images PMID:5904095

Wilson, G. S.

1966-01-01

254

SAFETY IN THE CHEMICAL LABORATORY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MONTHLY ARTICLES ON LABORATORY SAFETY THAT APPEARED IN THE "JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION" BETWEEN JANUARY 1964, AND JANUARY 1967, ARE COMBINED IN THIS MANUAL FOR HIGH SCHOOL AND COLLEGE CHEMISTRY TEACHERS. A GENERAL SECTION DEALS WITH (1) RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACCIDENT PREVENTION, (2) SAFETY CONSIDERATION IN RESEARCH PROPOSALS, (3) A SAFETY

STEERE, NORMAN V.

255

Missouri Secondary Science Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this safety manual is to provide a resource to help manage and minimize potential risks in science classrooms where students spend up to 60% of instructional time engaged in hands-on activities. This manual contains information on standards, legal aspects, and responsibilities for science safety; general laboratory safety for…

Lemons, Judith L.

256

Safety Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five articles in this issue focus on safety education in agricultural laboratories. Topics discussed include teacher liability; elements of a safety instruction program; state and federal safety standards; ground fault current protection; and eye protection requirements and equipment. (SK)

Daniels, James H.; And Others

1980-01-01

257

Toy Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... organizations to advocate for the removal of rare-earth magnets from the marketplace. We put together a ... Safety Child Pedestrian Safety International Walk to School Day Halloween Safety Environmental Task Forces CPS Certification Training ...

258

Pedestrian Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Travel & Motor Vehicle Safety En Español Travel & Motor Vehicle Safety Pedestrian Safety Main Points Emergency physicians treat ... patients each year who are injured by motor vehicles while walking. Sixty-eight thousand pedestrians were injured ...

259

Environmental Health and Safety's Laboratory Safety Trainings Title of Training Description Required Training  

E-print Network

Training, X-ray analytical equipment use or Laser Safety training email: radtrain@ehs.umass.edu or call 413Environmental Health and Safety's Laboratory Safety Trainings Title of Training Description Safety (Includes Fire Safety, Hazardous Waste and Right to Know) This training is an overview of general

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

260

Aug 2012 / RL SCIENCE SAFETY  

E-print Network

Ultra-violet Radiation 34 27 Noise 34 28 Laser Safety: 35 28.1 General 35 28.2 Ophthalmic Examinations and Lasers on loan 38 28.8 Summary of Requirements for the Safe Use of Lasers 38 29 Office Safety and the UseAug 2012 / RL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE SAFETY HANDB00K 2013-2014 Student Safety Handbook for the College

Harman, Neal.A.

261

Using the precaution adoption process model to describe a disaster preparedness intervention among low-income Latinos.  

PubMed

Only 40-50% of households in the United States are currently disaster prepared. In this intervention study, respondent-driven sampling was used to select a sample (n = 187) of low income, Latino residents of Los Angeles County, randomly assigned into two treatment conditions: (i) household preparedness education received through 'promotora' (community health worker) led small group meetings, and (ii) household preparedness education received through print media. Weinstein's Precaution Adoption Process, a stage model appropriate for risk communication guided the intervention. Outcomes are conceptualized as stages of decision making linked to having disaster supplies and creating a family communication plan. Quantitative results showed a significant shift over time from awareness to action and maintenance stages for disaster communication plans and supplies in both study arms; however, the shift in stage for a communication plan for those in the 'platica' study arm was (P < 0.0001) than for those in the media arm. For changes in stage linked to disaster supplies, people in both media and 'platica' study arms improved at the same rate. Simple media-based communications may be sufficient to encourage disadvantaged households to obtain disaster supplies; however, adoption of the more complex disaster family communication requires interpersonal education. PMID:24399266

Glik, Deborah C; Eisenman, David P; Zhou, Qiong; Tseng, Chi-Hong; Asch, Steven M

2014-04-01

262

Herbal Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past decade, there has been an increased interest in herbal medicines and treatments, both from the mainstream medical community and the general public. One need look no further than the cold drink section of the local supermarket to see the various herbal supplements that are prominently displayed on many drink labels. In an effort to provide critical evaluations of these various herbs and related products, the University of Texas at El Paso has created this important website in order to disseminate information about research findings related to herbal use and to provide these findings in both English and Spanish. There are a number of very helpful fact sheets presented here, including those that the deal with such commonly used medicinal herbs and plants, such as ginseng, chamomile, pumpkin seeds, and St. John's Wort. The Herbal Safety site also contains information on recent medical studies that examine the effectiveness of such medicinal treatments.

263

Propeller Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 412,000 members, the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) continues to work for the issues that are important to its members. One area that they are very concerned with is providing educational materials and opportunities for those persons who would like to enter the aircraft maintenance field. They are continuingly updating their online collection of technical primers and general overviews. One particular noteworthy publication is their "Propeller Safety" manual. Within the document's 12 pages, visitors can learn the basics about working around the propeller, prop mechanics, and key maintenance matters. Along the way, interested parties will find helpful graphics, photographs, and visual aids that will help them identify various problem areas.

264

Clostridium difficile contamination of blood pressure cuffs: a call for a closer look at gloving practices in the era of universal precautions.  

PubMed

We report an outbreak of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea at our medical center following adoption of Universal Precautions. Environmental cultures revealed unexpected contamination of blood pressure cuffs at a rate similar to that for bedside commodes (10% and 11.5%, respectively). An observational survey revealed that healthcare workers in the patient care areas not infrequently failed to remove their potentially stool-contaminated gloves prior to touching clean surfaces, which might have contributed to contamination of blood pressure cuffs. PMID:8708361

Manian, F A; Meyer, L; Jenne, J

1996-03-01

265

Application of a Five-Step Message Development Model for Food Safety Education Materials Targeting People with HIV\\/AIDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)\\/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome have an increased risk of contracting foodborne illnesses and need to take special precautions regarding food safety. We implemented a five-step model to assess the needs of people with HIV, develop education materials targeted to their needs, and evaluate acceptance of the materials. Needs assessment focus groups (n=8) with HIV-infected people (n=65)

Emily W. Hoffman; Verna Bergmann; Jill Armstrong Shultz; Patricia Kendall; Lydia C. Medeiros; Virginia N. Hillers

2005-01-01

266

Conceptual Design and Resources for a General-Purpose Safety and Performance Verification and Validation Toolkit (V2T) for Life-Critical Wireless Medical Device Networks (WMDN)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless medical device network (WMDN) deployment is occurring to facilitate ambulatory patient care, increase safer and more intelligent diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities, and improve flexible patient bed configuration that matches census requirements. Patient safety risks exist from delayed or lost WMDN alarm and data streams, however, and non-proprietary verification and validation (V2) techniques do not exist. Single-vendor and heterogeneous multi-vendor

Elliot B. Sloane; Rick Schrenker

2005-01-01

267

Mercury contamination study for flight system safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The effects and prevention of possible mercury pollution from the failure of solar electric propulsion spacecraft using mercury propellant were studied from tankage loading of post launch trajector injection. During preflight operations and initial flight mode there is little danger of mercury pollution if proper safety precautions are taken. Any spillage on the loading, mating, transportation, or launch pad areas is obvious and can be removed by vacuum cleaning soil and chemical fixing. Mercury spilled on Cape Kennedy ground soil will be chemically complexed and retained by the sandstone subsoil. A cover layer of sand or gravel on spilled mercury which has settled to the bottom of a water body adjacent to the system operation will control and eliminate the formation of toxic organic mercurials. Mercury released into the earth's atmosphere through leakage of a fireball will be diffused to low concentration levels. However, gas phase reactions of mercury with ozone could cause a local ozone depletion and result in serious ecological hazards.

Gorzynski, C. S., Jr.; Maycock, J. N.

1972-01-01

268

ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, SAFETY CULTURE, AND SAFETY PERFORMANCE AT RESEARCH FACILITIES.  

SciTech Connect

Organizational culture surveys of research facilities conducted several years ago and archival occupational injury reports were used to determine whether differences in safety performance are related to general organizational factors or to ''safety culture'' as reflected in specific safety-related dimensions. From among the organizations surveyed, a pair of facilities was chosen that were similar in size and scientific mission while differing on indices of work-related injuries. There were reliable differences in organizational style between the facilities, especially among workers in environment, safety, and health functions; differences between the facilities (and among job categories) on the safety scale were more modest and less regular.

BROWN,W.S.

2000-07-30

269

Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... More Information Health and Nutrition Information for Preschoolers Food Safety Preschoolers' immune systems are still developing. This ... more about food safety Resources for Nutrition & Health Food Groups & Related Topics Fruits Vegetables Grains Protein Foods ...

270

Safety teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Safety teams have become a popular means to recognize and prevent injuries in the workplace. In fact, organizations, such as OSHA, NIOSH, NIEHS, DOE, and the Ohio BWC, not only encourage safety teams, but have implemented them in their organizations. However, safety teams may not be legal as defined by NLRB Act Sections 2(5) and 8(a)(2). Objective: To determine

Joseph R. Muscatello; Brian P. Heshizer

2002-01-01

271

14 CFR 34.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Aircraft safety. 34.6 Section 34.6 ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT FUEL VENTING AND EXHAUST EMISSION...General Provisions § 34.6 Aircraft safety. (a) The provisions...

2013-01-01

272

14 CFR 34.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aircraft safety. 34.6 Section 34.6 ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT FUEL VENTING AND EXHAUST EMISSION...General Provisions § 34.6 Aircraft safety. (a) The provisions...

2010-01-01

273

14 CFR 34.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aircraft safety. 34.6 Section 34.6 ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT FUEL VENTING AND EXHAUST EMISSION...General Provisions § 34.6 Aircraft safety. (a) The provisions...

2011-01-01

274

14 CFR 34.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Aircraft safety. 34.6 Section 34.6 ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT FUEL VENTING AND EXHAUST EMISSION...General Provisions § 34.6 Aircraft safety. (a) The provisions...

2012-01-01

275

14 CFR 34.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Aircraft safety. 34.6 Section 34.6 ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT FUEL VENTING AND EXHAUST EMISSION...General Provisions § 34.6 Aircraft safety. (a) The provisions...

2014-01-01

276

47 CFR 36.605 - Calculation of safety net additive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Calculation of safety net additive. 36.605 Section 36.605 Telecommunication...General § 36.605 Calculation of safety net additive. (a) “Safety net additive support.” Beginning January 1,...

2012-10-01

277

47 CFR 36.605 - Calculation of safety net additive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Calculation of safety net additive. 36.605 Section 36.605 Telecommunication...General § 36.605 Calculation of safety net additive. (a) “Safety net additive support.” Beginning January 1,...

2013-10-01

278

47 CFR 36.605 - Calculation of safety net additive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Calculation of safety net additive. 36.605 Section 36.605 Telecommunication...General § 36.605 Calculation of safety net additive. (a) “Safety net additive support.” A rural incumbent local...

2010-10-01

279

47 CFR 36.605 - Calculation of safety net additive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Calculation of safety net additive. 36.605 Section 36.605 Telecommunication...General § 36.605 Calculation of safety net additive. (a) “Safety net additive support.” A rural incumbent local...

2011-10-01

280

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General. A flight safety analysis must identify the location...launch satisfies the public risk criteria of § 417.107...Flight safety limits. The analysis must establish...

2012-01-01

281

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General. A flight safety analysis must identify the location...launch satisfies the public risk criteria of § 417.107...Flight safety limits. The analysis must establish...

2013-01-01

282

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General. A flight safety analysis must identify the location...launch satisfies the public risk criteria of § 417.107...Flight safety limits. The analysis must establish...

2014-01-01

283

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General. A flight safety analysis must identify the location...launch satisfies the public risk criteria of § 417.107...Flight safety limits. The analysis must establish...

2010-01-01

284

14 CFR 417.213 - Flight safety limits analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...213 Flight safety limits analysis. (a) General. A flight safety analysis must identify the location...launch satisfies the public risk criteria of § 417.107...Flight safety limits. The analysis must establish...

2011-01-01

285

Risk Amid Recovery: Occupational Health and Safety of Latino Day Laborers in the Aftermath of the Gulf Coast Hurricanes  

PubMed Central

After Katrina, the Bush administration suspended Department of Labor workplace regulations throughout the Gulf, a move consistent with their general emphasis on voluntary workplace protection programs rather than government oversight. This approach left many workers in hurricane reconstruction jobs unprotected, especially Latino immigrant day laborers who, facing language barriers and legal constraints, were least able to negotiate workplace safety or other labor conditions. Fifty-three immigrant workers and 28 key informants from community, union, church, and relief organizations in Louisiana and Mississippi were interviewed at job hiring sites and relief organizations using an inductive, exploratory approach. In this multihazard and changing work environment with a new and fluctuating workforce, enforceable policies mandating worker protection and education were sorely lacking. Free market conditions, driven by incentives to work as fast as possible, and the preponderance of unregulated small contractors and individual home owners as employers contributed to the unsafe environment. Although workers and home owners attempted to take precautions, they usually lacked adequate education about hazards, access to protective equipment, and training in its proper use. However, the labor conditions during the hurricane recovery in the Gulf Coast are likely to be duplicated throughout the country in workplaces employing Latino day laborers unless workers' health is given greater priority by regulatory agencies. PMID:21394225

Delp, Linda; Podolsky, Laura; Aguilar, Tomás

2011-01-01

286

Precaution Against Terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stunned by the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Bush administration adopted a new National Security Strategy in September 2002. The UK government took a similar stance. This new strategy calls for anticipatory attacks against potential enemies with uncertain capacities and intentions, even before their threat is imminent. Rather than wait for evidence of weapons of mass destruction, it

Jessica Stern; Jonathan B. Wiener

2006-01-01

287

Precautions to Prevent Rabies  

MedlinePLUS

... A to Z Index Follow FDA En Español Enter Search terms Home Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products ... been altered or updated since it was archived. Enter Search terms For Consumers Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Section ...

288

The Hermes safety strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hermes space vehicle currently in project for the European Space Agency will open the road to European autonomous manned space missions at the beginning of the 21st century. The safety objectives are very ambitious and will require the implementation of a comprehensive safety assurance program, aimed at reducing the risks to an acceptable level. The risk acceptance is based on identification, ranking and minimization of Critical Items including all potential departures from the safety requirements. Prime contractors shall prepare a Critical Item List for their elements, and submit it to the Hermes Program Directorate for review; approval of the residual open critical items shall be obtained before launch. An independent committee (HESAC) has been set up by the ESA and the French National Space Center (CNES) Directors General to assess the adequacy of the Safety Control Program.

Rosso, R.

289

SAFETY PROCEDURE & GUIDELINES SUBJECT: Health and Safety Training  

E-print Network

workers, and used as part of the employee's initial job instruction. #12;2 2.2 General training employee orientation. For more information on the training, please see the website: httpSAFETY PROCEDURE & GUIDELINES SUBJECT: Health and Safety Training APPLIES TO: All Departments

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

290

49 CFR 385.7 - Factors to be considered in determining a safety rating.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.7 Factors to be considered... The factors to be considered in determining the safety fitness and assigning a safety rating include information from...

2010-10-01

291

Of Acceptable Risk: Science and the Determination of Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book looks at the problems of determination of safety and the underlying concept of safety itself. It is believed that if certain pervasive themes are properly appreciated, the whole field of safety will be better understood. The first chapter of the book sketches the general nature of safety decisions, defining safety as a measure of the…

Lowrance, William W.

292

Improving medication safety: influence of a patient-specific prescriber feedback program on rate of medication reviews performed by Australian general medical practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Purpose To determine if patient-specific prescriber feedback for general medical practitioners (GPs), supported by educational material mailed to their patients, would increase home medicines review (HMR) rates. Methods An observational study was conducted using the Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (RPBS) Pharmacy Claims Database. The intervention group (n ¼40 270) included all veterans aged ? 65 years, dispensed ? 5

Elizabeth Roughead; Nicole Pratt; Robert Peck; Andrew Gilbert

2007-01-01

293

General Radiation Safety Information About USF Research Small amounts of radioactive materials are used in research work at the University of South Florida  

E-print Network

-producing devices. This document provides general information about radiation, its risks, the controls radiation dose of approximately 60 mrem /yr. Of this amount, approximately 54 mrem are from medical of Florida, shown in Table 1. Protecting the Embryo-Fetus Although heritable effects from radiation exposure

Arslan, Hüseyin

294

Environmental Health and Safety -Safety Manual Table of Contents  

E-print Network

Control Plan....................................................51 XIII. UNO Preparedness and Action Plan for Disaster, Emergency, and Dangerous (or Potentially Dangerous) Situations be actively involved in the General Safety Program. To meet this goal, the University of New Orleans

Li, X. Rong

295

Patient Safety in Clinical Trials  

Cancer.gov

Information for patients, their families and friends, and the general public about how the rights and safety of people who take part in clinical trials are protected. Learn about informed consent, institutional review boards (IRB's), and how trials are closely monitored for safety.

296

Guide for Science Laboratory Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General and specific safety procedures and recommendations for secondary school science laboratories are provided in this guide. Areas of concern include: (1) chemicals (storage, disposal, toxicity, unstable and incompatible chemicals); (2) microorganisms; (3) plants; (4) animals; (5) electricity; (6) lasers; (7) rockets; (8) eye safety and…

McDermott, John J.

297

Environmental Health and Safety Assessment  

E-print Network

Environmental Health and Safety Assessment Program Manual 7/15/2013 #12;Environmental Health/26/2013. The most recent version of this document is available electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/env/general-environmental-management/environmental.........................................................................................................................4 #12;Environmental Health and Safety Assessment Program Manual Approved by: (Barb English) Last

Pawlowski, Wojtek

298

Safety and ergonomics evaluation of hybrid systems in Hong Kong.  

PubMed

This study is aimed at understanding common safety and ergonomics problems with robot installation in Hong Kong. Information was collected through direct observations and personal interviews with robot users from advanced hybrid manufacturing systems. The application areas of robots and types of safety devices employed were investigated. The ages, types of jobs, daily working hours and working conditions of personnel were examined. Fire precaution measures, types and varieties of training programs for users were analyzed. The results showed that although investments were made for installation of robots for improving production activity, limited attention was paid to the health, safety, and ergonomics aspects in the hybrid systems. There were also cases reported where no formal guidelines for robot manipulation and operation were provided. It seems that management and users paid attention to robot function and capability more than robot safety during robotization process. Conclusions were made by the authors that efforts should immediately be made to adopt recommendations on the safety devices and facilities and training requirements for improving users' health and safety before fatal accidents occur. PMID:11426686

Chan, A H; Courtney, A J

2001-07-01

299

Conceptual Design and Resources for a General-Purpose Safety and Performance Verification and Validation Toolkit (V2T) for Life-Critical Wireless Medical Device Networks (WMDN).  

PubMed

Wireless Medical Device Network (WMDN) deployment is occurring to facilitate ambulatory patient care, increase safer and more intelligent diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities, and improve flexible patient bed configuration that matches census requirements. Patient safety risks exist from delayed or lost WMDN alarm and data streams, however, and non-proprietary Verification and Validation (V2) techniques do not exist. Single-vendor and heterogeneous multi-vendor deployment must be considered, as well as safe and reliable coexistence with other IS technologies sharing similar network components. V2 of even a homogeneous single vendor, single device WMDNS is very complex for several reasons including: absence of industry standards or regulations, unconstrained mobility of patients and devices, and rapid changes in the underlying wireless network modalities. This project will evaluate and recommend appropriate best V2 practices from fields like software and systems engineering to improve a hospitals ability to properly implement and manage the emerging WMDN opportunities and to prevent patient injuries or other serious problems. PMID:17282140

Sloane, Elliot; Schrenker, Rick

2005-01-01

300

August 2009 CONTRACTOR SAFETY  

E-print Network

INTRODUCTION EMERGENCY INFORMATION 1 Important Telephone Numbers 1 Reporting Injuries 2 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 2 Contractor Employee Conduct 2 Emergency Evacuation 3 Exit Signs 3 Fire Alarms 3 House Keeping 4 Injury Trash, Waste, and Scrap Disposal 8 Training Documentation 8 CONSTRUCTION SAFETY & HAZARD COMMUNICATION

de Lijser, Peter

301

Atomic Power Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is one of a series of information booklets for the general public published by The United States Atomic Energy Commission. Among the topics discussed are: What is Atomic Power?; What Does Safety Depend On?; Control of Radioactive Material During Operation; Accident Prevention; Containment in the Event of an Accident; Licensing and…

Hogerton, John F.

302

Centrifuges Biological Safety  

E-print Network

Centrifuges Biological Safety General Biosafety Practices (GBP) Why You Should Care Centrifuges use centrifuges go fast enough to pose dangers. Mechanical hazards can include stress to the rotor metal, fatigue, that lead to accidents involving centrifuges. Hazardous materials can include biologicals and chemicals

Pawlowski, Wojtek

303

ATV Safety  

E-print Network

, Extension Safety Program The Texas A&M University System Source: All-Terrain Vehicle 2001 Injury and Exposure Studies. Consumer Product Safety Commission. January 2003. Causes of Injuries and Fatalities ATV accidents are rarely caused by design flaws. Most... of those laws are summarized below. Certification requirements. A person may not oper- ate an ATV on public property unless he or she attends a state-approved ATV safety training course and holds a safety certificate, or unless he or she is under...

Smith, David

2004-09-16

304

Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North Carolina Community College System BioNetwork's interactive eLearning tools (IETs) are reusable chunks of training that can be deployed in a variety of courses or training programs. IETs are designed to enhance, not replace hands-on training. Learners are able to enter a hands-on lab experience better prepared and more confident. This particular IET delves into laboratory safety, and covers interacting with the lab environment and a new lab partner. Topics covered include proper dress, housekeeping, safety equipment, mixing, fire safety, and spills. When the module is completed, visitors will be able to demonstrate proper lab safety techniques.

305

CAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes  

E-print Network

CAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes October 8, 2013 Present Daniel Edge-Garza, Rick Rupp, Rich by Daniel Edge-Garza. The next general meeting will be at 11am on November 12, 2013, in 409 Hulbert Hall

Collins, Gary S.

306

CAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes  

E-print Network

CAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes September 10, 2013 Present Daniel Edge-Garza, Sheila Brooks at noon by Daniel Edge-Garza. The next general meeting will be at 11 am on October 8, 2013, in 409 Hulbert

Collins, Gary S.

307

Falls and Fear of Falling among Community-Dwelling Seniors: The Dynamic Tension between Exercising Precaution and Striving for Independence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the everyday experience of community-dwelling elders, with particular attention to seniors' perceptions of safety, fear of falling, independence, and quality of life. We also aimed to identify contextual factors that influence the health of elders who had fallen and/or had a fear of…

Ward-Griffin, Catherine; Hobson, Sandra; Melles, Pauline; Kloseck, Marita; Vandervoort, Anthony; Crilly, Richard

2004-01-01

308

Cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric safety of varenicline and bupropion compared with nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation: study protocol of a retrospective cohort study using the QResearch general practice database  

PubMed Central

Introduction Cigarette smoking continues to be the leading cause of preventable death and is the main risk factor of major diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The best treatment to help smokers quit is a combination of behavioural support with pharmacotherapy. Varenicline is the newest drug on the market and has been shown to be effective in the general smoking population and in smokers with COPD. The safety profile of varenicline was initially established using standard approaches to pharmacovigilance, but postmarketing reports have raised concerns about a possible association between the use of varenicline and cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric events. Although recent studies have not confirmed such an association, further research is needed given the large number of smokers who are being prescribed varenicline, including important subgroups such as smokers with COPD who may be particularly vulnerable to side effects of drugs. The aim of this study is to assess the cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric safety of varenicline using data from the QResearch general practice (GP) database. Methods and analysis We will conduct a retrospective cohort study in the QResearch GP database. Patients will be categorised into three exposure groups: prescription of (1) varenicline, (2) bupropion or (3) nicotine replacement therapy (NRT Rx; =reference group). We will separately consider major incident neuropsychiatric and cardiovascular outcomes that occur during 6?months of follow-up using Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for confounders. Furthermore, propensity score analysis will be used as an analytical approach to account for potential confounding by indication. Ethics and dissemination This work involves analysis of anonymised, routinely collected data. The protocol has been independently peer-reviewed by the QResearch Scientific Board and meets the requirements of the Trent research ethics committee. We plan to disseminate the results from this study via articles in international peer-reviewed journals and presentations at relevant national and international health conferences. PMID:25168037

Kotz, Daniel; Simpson, Colin; Viechtbauer, Wolfgang; van Schayck, Onno C P; West, Robert; Sheikh, Aziz

2014-01-01

309

Safety issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the NASA safety review process is to make sure that any system hazards that can endanger the manned flight system are precluded. The systems that address manned flight in a payload safety review process are discussed. The types of basic hazards that are normally addressed on any of the payloads are: contamination, electrical shock, explosions, radiation, and temperature extremes.

Rohal, R.

1991-01-01

310

Surveying Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a safety program for teaching science. In the summer of 1999, specific Wisconsin safety laws, codes, and standards were researched and a training program including content, training sites, and dates was developed. One-day training programs were planned for six regions throughout the state. (SAH)

Gerlovich, Jack A.; Whitsett, John; Lee, Shelley; Parsa Rahul

2001-01-01

311

Safety First  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ned Miller does not take security lightly. As director of campus safety and emergency management at the Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC), any threat requires serious consideration. As community college administrators adopt a more proactive approach to campus safety, many institutions are experimenting with emerging technologies, including…

Taft, Darryl

2011-01-01

312

Safety Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges across the country are rising to the task by implementing safety programs, response strategies, and technologies intended to create a secure environment for teachers and students. Whether it is preparing and responding to a natural disaster, health emergency, or act of violence, more schools are making campus safety a top priority. At…

Halligan, Tom

2009-01-01

313

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Safety Tip #22  

E-print Network

for out-of-control vehicles. Wear hearing protection and a safety vest. Wear a hard hat and safety goggles to protect yourself from branches and flying debris. Wear leather gloves and boots that have hard toes, facilities, and employment without regard to race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, age, marital

Minnesota, University of

314

Nanofabrication SAFETY MANUAL AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE  

E-print Network

Nanofabrication Center NFC SAFETY MANUAL AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROCEDURES UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA to this safety manual, users should also be familiar with the Laboratory Safety Plan for the Nanofabrication, contains information and procedures specific to the Nanofabrication Center. Table of Contents GENERAL

Amin, S. Massoud

315

40 CFR 87.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Aircraft safety. 87.6 Section 87.6...General Provisions § 87.6 Aircraft safety. The provisions of this...without creating a hazard to aircraft safety. [77 FR 36381, June...

2013-07-01

316

40 CFR 87.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Aircraft safety. 87.6 Section 87.6...General Provisions § 87.6 Aircraft safety. The provisions of this...without creating a hazard to aircraft safety. [77 FR 36381, June...

2014-07-01

317

Bromine Safety  

SciTech Connect

The production and handling in 1999 of about 200 million kilograms of bromine plus substantial derivatives thereof by Great Lakes Chemical Corp. and Albemarle Corporation in their southern Arkansas refineries gave OSHA Occupational Injury/Illness Rates (OIIR) in the range of 0.74 to 1.60 reportable OIIRs per 200,000 man hours. OIIRs for similar industries and a wide selection of other U.S. industries range from 1.6 to 23.9 in the most recent OSHA report. Occupational fatalities for the two companies in 1999 were zero compared to a range in the U.S.of zero for all computer manufacturing to 0.0445 percent for all of agriculture, forestry and fishing in the most recent OSHA report. These results show that bromine and its compounds can be considered as safe chemicals as a result of the bromine safety standards and practices at the two companies. The use of hydrobromic acid as an electrical energy storage medium in reversible PEM fuel cells is discussed. A study in 1979 of 20 megawatt halogen working fluid power plants by Oronzio de Nora Group found such energy to cost 2 to 2.5 times the prevailing base rate at that time. New conditions may reduce this relative cost. The energy storage aspect allows energy delivery at maximum demand times where the energy commands premium rates. The study also found marginal cost and performance advantages for hydrobromic acid over hydrochloric acid working fluid. Separate studies in the late 70s by General Electric also showed marginal performance advantages for hydrobromic acid.

Meyers, B

2001-04-09

318

Seismic Safety Guide  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides managers with practical guidelines for administering a comprehensive earthquake safety program. The Guide is comprehensive with respect to earthquakes in that it covers the most important aspects of natural hazards, site planning, evaluation and rehabilitation of existing buildings, design of new facilities, operational safety, emergency planning, special considerations related to shielding blocks, non-structural elements, lifelines, fire protection and emergency facilities. Management of risk and liabilities is also covered. Nuclear facilities per se are not dealt with specifically. The principles covered also apply generally to nuclear facilities but the design and construction of such structures are subject to special regulations and legal controls.

Eagling, D.G. (ed.)

1983-09-01

319

[Safety in surgery].  

PubMed

The effectiveness of the World Health Organization's (WHO) surgical safety checklist (SSCL) in decreasing mortality and morbidity of surgical procedures was firstly suggested in 2009; the checklist is now strongly recommended internationally for adoption as a highly effective yet economically simple intervention. However, since 2009 several published studies have reported inconsistent results, besides many issues concerning local implementation. Drawing on the recently published experience carried out in Ontario, a concise overview of the current debate is presented, with some comments on implications for the national healthcare system in Italy. More generally, the need to include the implementation of the SSCL in a larger effort addressing safety in surgery is pointed out. PMID:25072541

Rodella, Stefania

2014-01-01

320

30 CFR 250.800 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Gas Production Safety Systems § 250.800 General...assure the safety and protection of the human, marine...environments. Production safety systems operated in subfreezing...consideration of floating ice, icing, and other...the production safety system has been approved...

2014-07-01

321

30 CFR 250.800 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Gas Production Safety Systems § 250.800 General...assure the safety and protection of the human, marine...environments. Production safety systems operated in subfreezing...consideration of floating ice, icing, and other...the production safety system has been approved...

2011-07-01

322

30 CFR 250.800 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Gas Production Safety Systems § 250.800 General...assure the safety and protection of the human, marine...environments. Production safety systems operated in subfreezing...consideration of floating ice, icing, and other...the production safety system has been approved...

2012-07-01

323

30 CFR 250.800 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Gas Production Safety Systems § 250.800 General...assure the safety and protection of the human, marine...environments. Production safety systems operated in subfreezing...consideration of floating ice, icing, and other...the production safety system has been approved...

2013-07-01

324

An approach for selecting safety class items  

SciTech Connect

DOE Order 6430.1A, General Design Criteria, requires that DOE facilities be evaluated with regard to ``safety class items.`` Safety class items are defined as ``systems, components, and structures, including portions of process systems, whose failure could adversely affect the environment or safety and health of the public. Determination of safety classification is based on analysis of potential abnormal and accidental scenario consequences as presented in the Safety Analysis Report.`` Although the General Design Criteria defines safety class items, it does not provide an approach for selecting safety class items. The purpose of this report is to present the approach which was developed for selecting safety class items in a specific nonreactor nuclear facility project at the Savannah River Site (SRS).

Low, J.M.

1990-12-31

325

An approach for selecting safety class items  

SciTech Connect

DOE Order 6430.1A, General Design Criteria, requires that DOE facilities be evaluated with regard to safety class items.'' Safety class items are defined as systems, components, and structures, including portions of process systems, whose failure could adversely affect the environment or safety and health of the public. Determination of safety classification is based on analysis of potential abnormal and accidental scenario consequences as presented in the Safety Analysis Report.'' Although the General Design Criteria defines safety class items, it does not provide an approach for selecting safety class items. The purpose of this report is to present the approach which was developed for selecting safety class items in a specific nonreactor nuclear facility project at the Savannah River Site (SRS).

Low, J.M.

1990-01-01

326

Software safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software safety and its relationship to other qualities are discussed. It is shown that standard reliability and fault tolerance techniques will not solve the safety problem for the present. A new attitude requires: looking at what you do NOT want software to do along with what you want it to do; and assuming things will go wrong. New procedures and changes to entire software development process are necessary: special software safety analysis techniques are needed; and design techniques, especially eliminating complexity, can be very helpful.

Leveson, Nancy

1987-01-01

327

Safety - PPE  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This high school activity from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center challenges "your students' ability to identify safety hazards, as they play the role of a safety inspector." On this page, visitors will find a link to two company overview sheets, one with information about TECO, a company that generate and distributes electricity, and another with information about CF Industries, a fertilizer producer. The site also provides a lesson plan, a PowerPoint presentation, and a student handout. This is a great resource to introduce students to hands-on practices in safety inspection in different industries.

328

Defibrillation safety in emergency helicopter transport.  

PubMed

Rotary aircraft play a growing role in the transport of critically ill patients who may require emergency treatment, including defibrillation, during transport. The close quarters and proximity of vital electronic equipment have generated concern among personnel carrying out defibrillation in the air. We address the chief safety issues in helicopter defibrillation by providing measurements of the transient leakage current resulting from contact with a paddle and tested in-flight electronic interference and survey the defibrillation experience of helicopter programs. Our data show that airborne defibrillation is safe. A maximum of 1.5 mA of transient leakage current was measured from a standard battery-powered defibrillator, well within the accepted safety standard of 50 mA. In flight, there was no interference with the avionics or medical equipment, and adequate clearance was available for personnel. Of the helicopter programs surveyed, 69 (87%) had defibrillated in flight without incident. We conclude that defibrillation can be performed in the helicopter without hesitation whether on the ground or in the air, provided standard defibrillation precautions are observed. PMID:2910165

Dedrick, D K; Darga, A; Landis, D; Burney, R E

1989-01-01

329

Sun Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Links Buttons and Badges Stay Informed Cancer Home Sun Safety Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook ... other shelter before you need relief from the sun. Your best bet to protect your skin is ...

330

Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... in food handling, cooking, and storage can prevent foodborne illness. There are four basic steps to food safety at home: Clean - always wash your fruits and vegetables, hands, counters, and ... reached its expiration date. United States Department of Agriculture

331

Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... smoke alarms and sprinklers save lives. Dry (Christmas) Tree vs. High Moisture Tree Fire Video by Maury Grundy The U.S. Fire ... when it ignites a maintained (wet) cut Christmas tree and a dry tree. Fire Prevention and Safety ...

332

Fireworks Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... at 350 °F Water boils at 212 °F Fireworks Safety Fireworks are often used to mark special ... fireworks NFPA is opposed to consumer use of fireworks. This includes sparklers and firecrackers. Even sparklers burn ...

333

Aerospace Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center presents materials on aerospace safety. Topics include hazard communications, lockout/tagout, confined space entry, fall protection, PPE, firefighting and bloodborne pathogens.

334

ATV Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... an ATV: Be at least 16 years old. Health and safety experts strongly discourage ATV use by anyone younger than 16. Operating an ATV demands that drivers be skilled at making quick adjustments, such as ...

335

Water Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... best measure of protection. Back Continue Making Kids Water Wise It's important to teach your kids proper ... water during bad weather, especially lightning. Back Continue Water Park Safety Water parks can be a lot ...

336

LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY  

E-print Network

LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ISSUED BY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY OFFICE OF RADIOLOGICAL SAFETY and GEORGIA TECH LASER SAFETY COMMITTEE July 1, 2010 Revised July 31, 2012 #12;Laser Safety Program 1-1 #12;Laser Safety Policy Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. POLICY AND SCOPE

Houston, Paul L.

337

Safety Guidelines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order for students to inquire confidently, we must create safe classroom environments. Safety is not just a set of rules but a state of mind, and perhaps, most importantly, it is an attitude and a set of skills that carry over into a students' daily life. But research also shows that the space in which students inquire is vital to their safety and security. This chapter summarizes some of the important factors that contribute to safe laboratory environments.

James T. Biehle

2007-01-01

338

Pesticide Exposure, Safety Issues, and Risk Assessment Indicators  

PubMed Central

Pesticides are widely used in agricultural production to prevent or control pests, diseases, weeds, and other plant pathogens in an effort to reduce or eliminate yield losses and maintain high product quality. Although pesticides are developed through very strict regulation processes to function with reasonable certainty and minimal impact on human health and the environment, serious concerns have been raised about health risks resulting from occupational exposure and from residues in food and drinking water. Occupational exposure to pesticides often occurs in the case of agricultural workers in open fields and greenhouses, workers in the pesticide industry, and exterminators of house pests. Exposure of the general population to pesticides occurs primarily through eating food and drinking water contaminated with pesticide residues, whereas substantial exposure can also occur in or around the home. Regarding the adverse effects on the environment (water, soil and air contamination from leaching, runoff, and spray drift, as well as the detrimental effects on wildlife, fish, plants, and other non-target organisms), many of these effects depend on the toxicity of the pesticide, the measures taken during its application, the dosage applied, the adsorption on soil colloids, the weather conditions prevailing after application, and how long the pesticide persists in the environment. Therefore, the risk assessment of the impact of pesticides either on human health or on the environment is not an easy and particularly accurate process because of differences in the periods and levels of exposure, the types of pesticides used (regarding toxicity and persistence), and the environmental characteristics of the areas where pesticides are usually applied. Also, the number of the criteria used and the method of their implementation to assess the adverse effects of pesticides on human health could affect risk assessment and would possibly affect the characterization of the already approved pesticides and the approval of the new compounds in the near future. Thus, new tools or techniques with greater reliability than those already existing are needed to predict the potential hazards of pesticides and thus contribute to reduction of the adverse effects on human health and the environment. On the other hand, the implementation of alternative cropping systems that are less dependent on pesticides, the development of new pesticides with novel modes of action and improved safety profiles, and the improvement of the already used pesticide formulations towards safer formulations (e.g., microcapsule suspensions) could reduce the adverse effects of farming and particularly the toxic effects of pesticides. In addition, the use of appropriate and well-maintained spraying equipment along with taking all precautions that are required in all stages of pesticide handling could minimize human exposure to pesticides and their potential adverse effects on the environment. PMID:21655127

Damalas, Christos A.; Eleftherohorinos, Ilias G.

2011-01-01

339

Occupational health and safety emergencies.  

PubMed

When considering potentials emergencies in the dental office, one usually first thinks about potential drug reactions or adverse response to underlying systemic diseases. The rare, but potential, emergencies arising from the office environment itself also exist. Toxic reactions to various chemicals found in the office must be considered also. Adequate ventilation helps prevent the long-term consequences of breathing nitrous oxide and chemclave exhaust. Care must be taken in obtaining complete medical histories. Identify patients with communicable diseases such as TB. The potential for transmission of these infections to office staff and other patients exists. Health histories must include the ability to identify patients with latex sensitivity. The increased use of latex products among health care workers has resulted in a higher incidence of latex sensitivity. The office staff must be prepared to recognize and quickly treat anaphylactic reactions. A latex-free environment must be provided for high-risk patients. Even with the use of universal precautions, blood contamination exposures and needle sticks will still occur. Protect office staff against hepatitis through the administration of a hepatitis prevention vaccine. Establish a protocol in advance for handling blood exposure incidents. Update the patient history to determine potential risk. The exposed individual must receive counseling as to the potential risk of HIV infection. If there is a potential risk of HIV contamination, the exposed individual must be offered the opportunity to initiate prophylactic chemotherapy within 1 hour of exposure. Even though occupational health and safety emergencies are rare, they must be considered and planned for. Contingency plans, such as providing a latex-free environment, must be available for preventing emergencies. The office staff must be prepared to treat immediate emergencies such as anaphylaxis and caustic material spills. Arrangements must be available to quickly handle exposure to communicable infections. PMID:7556795

Goupil, M T

1995-07-01

340

49 CFR 385.9 - Determination of a safety rating.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.9 Determination...385.7 as computed under the Safety Fitness Rating Methodology set forth in appendix...carrier are consistent with the safety fitness standard set forth in § 385.5,...

2013-10-01

341

49 CFR 385.9 - Determination of a safety rating.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.9 Determination...385.7 as computed under the Safety Fitness Rating Methodology set forth in appendix...carrier are consistent with the safety fitness standard set forth in § 385.5,...

2014-10-01

342

49 CFR 385.9 - Determination of a safety rating.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.9 Determination...385.7 as computed under the Safety Fitness Rating Methodology set forth in appendix...carrier are consistent with the safety fitness standard set forth in § 385.5,...

2012-10-01

343

Metabolites in safety testing.  

PubMed

Traditionally, only circulating concentrations of parent drug have been measured in the rodent and nonrodent test species used for drug safety assessments and served as an index of systemic exposure for comparisons to human exposures. Circulating concentrations of metabolites have generally only been measured in specialized circumstances (e.g., parent compound was extensively metabolized). Measurement of only the parent compound is usually sufficient when the metabolite profile in humans is similar to that in at least one of the animal species used in the nonclinical safety assessment. However, it is possible that metabolites formed in humans might not be present in the rodent and nonrodent test species used for drug safety assessments or the metabolites are formed at disproportionately higher concentrations in humans than in the animal test species. Generally, metabolites identified only in human plasma or metabolites present at disproportionately higher concentrations in humans than in any of the animal test species should be considered for safety assessment. The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) published a Guidance for Industry on Safety Testing of Drug Metabolites that provides current thinking within CDER on the nonclinical safety assessment of human drug metabolites derived from drug products. The CDER guidance defines human metabolites that can raise a safety concern as those formed at greater than 10% of parent drug systemic exposure at a steady state. By contrast, the more recent International Conference on Harmonization: Guideline on Nonclinical Safety Studies for the Conduct of Human Clinical Trials and Marketing Authorization for Pharmaceuticals (ICH M3[R2]) describes the threshold as 10% of total drug-related exposure. Where they differ, the ICH guidance supersedes the CDER Guidance. The purpose of this article is to provide a perspective on the important details of these guidances from a regulatory review standpoint, as well as discuss some concerns that have arisen from the regulated industry regarding the CDER guidance. Such issues include parent drug that is extensively metabolized, metabolism by intestinal bacteria and metabolites formed by nonclinical test species but not humans. PMID:21083045

Robison, Timothy W; Jacobs, Abigail

2009-10-01

344

User's Manual Confocal Scanner Unit CSU-X1  

E-print Network

...........................................................................6 1.5 Laser safety Precautions ...............................................................................8 1.5.1 Laser Safety Standards;#12;-2- TABLE OF CONTENT 1 Safety Precautions

Gardel, Margaret

345

The safety of probiotics.  

PubMed

Probiotics are generally defined as microorganisms that, when consumed, generally confer a health benefit on humans. There is considerable interest in probiotics for a variety of medical conditions, and millions of people around the world consume probiotics daily for perceived health benefits. Lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, and lactococci have generally been regarded as safe. There are 3 theoretical concerns regarding the safety of probiotics: (1) the occurrence of disease, such as bacteremia or endocarditis; (2) toxic or metabolic effects on the gastrointestinal tract; and (3) the transfer of antibiotic resistance in the gastrointestinal flora. In this review, the evidence for safety of the use of or the study of probiotics is examined. Although there are rare cases of bacteremia or fungemia related to the use of probiotics, epidemiologic evidence suggests no population increase in risk on the basis of usage data. There have been many controlled clinical trials on the use of probiotics that demonstrate safe use. The use of probiotics in clinical trials should be accompanied by the use of a data-safety monitoring board and by knowledge of the antimicrobial susceptibilities of the organism used. PMID:18181712

Snydman, David R

2008-02-01

346

Ensuring healthcare worker safety when handling hazardous drugs.  

PubMed

Hazardous drugs (HDs) are chemicals that demonstrate one or more of the following characteristics: carcinogenicity, genotoxicity, teratogenicity, reproductive toxicity, or organ toxicity (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health [NIOSH], 2004). Healthcare workers (HCWs) potentially are exposed to HDs in the workplace during drug preparation, administration, and disposal and when handling patients' excreta following treatment with these drugs. More than 100 studies since 1994 have documented evidence of contamination of the work environment with HDs, which increases the potential for exposure of nurses, pharmacists, and other HCWs when these agents are handled without appropriate precautions. More than 50 studies have demonstrated the presence of HDs in the urine of HCWs, indicating actual exposure. Occupational exposure to HDs has been associated with acute symptoms (e.g., nasal sores, hair loss), adverse reproductive outcomes (e.g., infertility, miscarriages), genetic changes (e.g., DNA damage), and an increased occurrence of cancer (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). ?. PMID:25901373

2015-05-01

347

The Life Safety Program Criteria Excerpt from Life Safety Funding Project Eligibility Criteria, dated 3/90.  

E-print Network

The Life Safety Program Criteria Excerpt from Life Safety Funding Project Eligibility Criteria, dated 3/90. Projects eligible for Life Safety Funding should generally meet all of the following be a continuation of an existing operation or line of research. 4. Any Life Safety project must be the best life

348

NASA Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established by Congress after the Apollo spacecraft fire in January 1967, the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) is an independent group of experts tasked with advising "the NASA Administrator and Congress on all safety-related issues -- design, development, manufacturing, flight preparation, and missions operations -- concerning NASA's human space flight programs." The ASAP homepage features the text of previous annual reports and general information about the Panel and its activities.

349

Environmental Health and Safety  

E-print Network

.janicki@mcgill.ca 8888-43866 ANSI (American National Standards Institute) Class 3b or 4 lasers Biological safety-training/whmis-training] Radiation safety [https://www.mcgill.ca/ehs/safety-training/radiation-safety- training] Laser safety [https://www.mcgill.ca/ehs/safety-training/laser-safetyEnvironmental Health and Safety EHS-FORM-022 v.1.1 Page 1 of 1 Laboratory safety self

Shoubridge, Eric

350

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-print Network

37 General Education GENERAL EDUCATION An undergraduate student whose enrollment in a curriculum occurs after May 15, 2005, must fulfill the general education requirements in effect at that time in curricular or general education requirements shall be considered under the curriculum year change

Stuart, Steven J.

351

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-print Network

36 General Education GENERAL EDUCATION An undergraduate student whose enrollment in a curriculum occurs after May 15, 2005, must fulfill the general education requirements in effect at that time in curricular or general education requirements shall be considered under the curriculum year change

Stuart, Steven J.

352

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-print Network

35 General Education GENERAL EDUCATION An undergraduate student whose enrollment in a curriculum occurs after May 15, 2005, must fulfill the general education requirements in effect at that time in curricular or general education requirements shall be considered under the curriculum year change

Stuart, Steven J.

353

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-print Network

34 General Education 34 GENERAL EDUCATION An undergraduate student whose enrollment in a curriculum occurs after May 15, 2005, must fulfill the general education requirements in effect at that time in curricular or general education requirements shall be considered under the curriculum year change

Bolding, M. Chad

354

Health and Safety Services Safety Guide 21  

E-print Network

Health and Safety Services Safety Guide 21 The safe use of lasers #12;Safety Guide 21 The safe use of lasers Health and Safety Services ii October 2008 The safe use of lasers Contents Summary......................................................................................................................................................................1 2.1. Duties on Heads of School 1 2.2. The University Laser Safety Officer (ULSO) 1 2.3. Duties

Reading, University of

355

Toolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety  

E-print Network

Toolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Golf carts are utilized on campus for groundskeepers and personal injury. Only trained and authorized personnel may operate golf carts capable of carrying more than

Pawlowski, Wojtek

356

Dumfries & Galloway General Information General Information  

E-print Network

be useful during the summer. · Long trousers are a wise precaution against ticks. · All children attending minutes, 5 days a week will help reduce your risk of heart disease, cancer and diabetes. You don't even active and cheaper than a visit to the pub. Get out with the kids Giving children greater freedom

357

21 CFR 610.11 - General safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...animals. Only overtly healthy guinea pigs weighing less than 400 grams each and...product into each of at least two guinea pigs. (2) Freeze-dried product for...least two mice and at least two guinea pigs. (3) Nonliquid products other...

2010-04-01

358

21 CFR 610.11 - General safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...The test prescribed in this section need not be performed for Whole Blood, Red Blood Cells, Cryoprecipitated AHF, Platelets, Plasma, or Cellular Therapy Products. (2) For products other than those identified in paragraph...

2013-04-01

359

21 CFR 610.11 - General safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...The test prescribed in this section need not be performed for Whole Blood, Red Blood Cells, Cryoprecipitated AHF, Platelets, Plasma, or Cellular Therapy Products. (2) For products other than those identified in paragraph...

2011-04-01

360

21 CFR 610.11 - General safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...The test prescribed in this section need not be performed for Whole Blood, Red Blood Cells, Cryoprecipitated AHF, Platelets, Plasma, or Cellular Therapy Products. (2) For products other than those identified in paragraph...

2012-04-01

361

21 CFR 610.11 - General safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...percent of the total number of animals in that species has survived...except that the number of animals shall be twice that used in...if each second repeat test animal meets the requirements prescribed...Platelets, Plasma, or Cellular Therapy Products....

2014-04-01

362

Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General  

E-print Network

wall outlets and light up automatically if there is a loss of power. They will, depending on #12;type vision, place security lights in each room, to light paths of travel. These lights plug into electrical, continue to operate automatically for I to 6 hours and can be turned off manually and used as a short

Schulte, Oliver

363

Medication Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1999 landmark report by the Institute of Medicine, ''To Err is Human,'' increasing attention has been directed toward patient safety in the United States, and in fact world wide. This report estimated that approxi- mately 44,000 to 98,000 patients die annually as a result of errors in the care received, and that more than a million patients are

Carol A. Keohane; David W. Bates

2008-01-01

364

School Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles in this issue dealing with school safety discusses what rural and small urban settings are doing to prevent violence and to educate young people about prosocial alternatives to violence. The research is quite clear that female, minority, and gay students are the targets of a disproportionate amount of harassment and violence, both in…

The Newsletter of the Comprehensive Center-Region VI, 1999

1999-01-01

365

Safety First!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author relates how a hands-on chemistry investigation provided her the inspiration to develop an effective safety lesson for her third grade chemistry class. She began the lesson by demonstrating the use of pH indicator paper to show that ordinary household (white) vinegar was an acid. With the students, she wondered aloud…

Longfield, Judith

2006-01-01

366

Sun Safety  

MedlinePLUS

Everyday Fitness Ideas from the National Institute on Aging at NIH www.nia.nih.gov/Go4Life Sun Safety There are many ways to be physically ... l Share your exercise story. National Institute on ... Go4Life is a registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

367

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Safety Shoes  

E-print Network

, caustics, cutting oils, and petroleum products, neoprene or nitrile boots are often required to prevent Institute's (ANSI) label inside each shoe. Prevent foot injuries by using common safety sense and wearing origin, sex, age, marital status, disability, public as- sistance status, veteran status, or sexual

Minnesota, University of

368

Safety is not negotiable: the importance of occupational health and safety to pandemic planning.  

PubMed

The 2003 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, generated a great deal of attention around the ability of Canada's health system to respond to a health crisis. This event underscored a very serious reality--on the whole, Canada's health system was not prepared to quickly and efficiently deal with a health emergency. This reality was particularly clear in Canada's largest city, Toronto, as the hospital system was not able to contain the outbreak. Armed with little knowledge of the nature of the threat or epidemiology of the disease, the health system was overwhelmed with how to deal with this crisis. Perhaps of greatest concern, however, was the inability to provide accurate and timely information to health institutions, healthcare workers and the public regarding the appropriate procedures and precautions to ensure optimal safety for all persons and control the spread of disease. This paper makes the case that the integration of occupational health and safety into pandemic planning is key to its success. PMID:18030032

Silas, Linda; Johnson, Nancy; Rexe, Kate

2007-01-01

369

CRITICALITY SAFETY TRAINING AT FLUOR HANFORD (FH)  

SciTech Connect

The Fluor Hanford Criticality Safety engineers are extensively trained. The objectives and requirements for training are derived from Department of Energy (DOE) and American National Standards Institute/American Nuclear Society Standards (ANSI/ANS), and are captured in the Hanford Criticality Safety Program manual, HNF-7098. Qualification cards have been established for the general Criticality Safety Engineer (CSE) analyst, CSEs who support specific facilities, and for the facility Criticality Safety Representatives (CSRs). Refresher training and continuous education in the discipline are emphasized. Weekly Brown Bag Sessions keep the criticality safety engineers informed of the latest developments and historic perspectives.

TOFFER, H.

2005-05-02

370

A philosophy for space nuclear systems safety  

SciTech Connect

The unique requirements and contraints of space nuclear systems require careful consideration in the development of a safety policy. The Nuclear Safety Policy Working Group (NSPWG) for the Space Exploration Initiative has proposed a hierarchical approach with safety policy at the top of the hierarchy. This policy allows safety requirements to be tailored to specific applications while still providing reassurance to regulators and the general public that the necessary measures have been taken to assure safe application of space nuclear systems. The safety policy used by the NSPWG is recommended for all space nuclear programs and missions.

Marshall, A.C.

1992-08-01

371

Laboratory safety handbook  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Safety, defined as 'freedom from danger, risk, or injury,' is difficult to achieve in a laboratory environment. Inherent dangers, associated with water analysis and research laboratories where hazardous samples, materials, and equipment are used, must be minimized to protect workers, buildings, and equipment. Managers, supervisors, analysts, and laboratory support personnel each have specific responsibilities to reduce hazards by maintaining a safe work environment. General rules of conduct and safety practices that involve personal protection, laboratory practices, chemical handling, compressed gases handling, use of equipment, and overall security must be practiced by everyone at all levels. Routine and extensive inspections of all laboratories must be made regularly by qualified people. Personnel should be trained thoroughly and repetitively. Special hazards that may involve exposure to carcinogens, cryogenics, or radiation must be given special attention, and specific rules and operational procedures must be established to deal with them. Safety data, reference materials, and texts must be kept available if prudent safety is to be practiced and accidents prevented or minimized.

Skinner, E.L.; Watterson, C.A.; Chemerys, J.C.

1983-01-01

372

Safety Assessment of Probiotics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Viable microbes have been a natural part of human diet throughout the history of mankind. Today, different fermented foods and other foods containing live microbes are consumed around the world, including industrialized countries, where the diet has become increasingly sterile during the last decades. By definition, probiotics are viable microbes with documented beneficial effects on host health. Probiotics have an excellent safety record, both in humans and in animals. Despite the wide and continuously increasing consumption of probiotics, adverse events related to probiotic use are extremely rare. Many popular probiotic strains such as lactobacilli and bifidobacteria can be considered as components of normal healthy intestinal microbiota, and thus are not thought to pose a risk for the host health - in contrast, beneficial effects on health are commonly reported. Nevertheless, the safety of probiotics is an important issue, in particular in the case of new potential probiotics which do not have a long history of safe use, and of probiotics belonging to species for which general assumption of safety cannot be made. Furthermore, safety of probiotics in high-risk populations such as critically ill patients and immunocompromized subjects deserves particular attention, as virtually all reported cases of bacteremia and fungemia associated with probiotic use, involve subjects with underlying diseases, compromised immune system or compromised intestinal integrity.

Lahtinen, Sampo J.; Boyle, Robert J.; Margolles, Abelardo; Frias, Rafael; Gueimonde, Miguel

373

The Committee Studying Contagious Disease Training for Public Safety Personnel. Report of the Committee on Training of the Criminal Justice Services Board to the Governor and the General Assembly of Virginia. House Document No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through discussion and extensive research, the Committee Studying Contagious Disease Training attempted to address concerns regarding education and training of public safety personnel with regard to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV). The committee's findings were based on Occupational Safety and Health Administration…

Virginia State Dept. of Criminal Justice Services, Richmond.

374

49 CFR 385.103 - Safety monitoring system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROCEDURES Safety Monitoring System for Mexico-Domiciled Carriers § 385.103 Safety...monitoring system. (a) General. Each Mexico-domiciled carrier operating in... (b) Roadside monitoring. Each Mexico-domiciled carrier that receives...

2010-10-01

375

49 CFR 390.209 - Pre-authorization safety audit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SAFETY REGULATIONS; GENERAL Unified Registration System § 390.209 Pre-authorization safety audit. A non-North America-domiciled motor carrier seeking to provide transportation of property or passengers in interstate commerce within...

2014-10-01

376

46 CFR 1.03-30 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center. 1.03-30 Section...GENERAL COURSE AND METHODS GOVERNING MARINE SAFETY FUNCTIONS Rights of Appeal ...Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center. (a) Any person...

2012-10-01

377

46 CFR 1.03-30 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center. 1.03-30 Section...GENERAL COURSE AND METHODS GOVERNING MARINE SAFETY FUNCTIONS Rights of Appeal ...Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center. (a) Any person...

2013-10-01

378

46 CFR 1.03-30 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center. 1.03-30 Section...GENERAL COURSE AND METHODS GOVERNING MARINE SAFETY FUNCTIONS Rights of Appeal ...Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center. (a) Any person...

2014-10-01

379

46 CFR 1.03-30 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center. 1.03-30 Section...GENERAL COURSE AND METHODS GOVERNING MARINE SAFETY FUNCTIONS Rights of Appeal ...Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center. (a) Any person...

2011-10-01

380

46 CFR 1.03-30 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center. 1.03-30 Section...GENERAL COURSE AND METHODS GOVERNING MARINE SAFETY FUNCTIONS Rights of Appeal ...Appeals from decisions or actions of the Marine Safety Center. (a) Any person...

2010-10-01

381

33 CFR 165.1201 - Safety Zone; Old Mormon Slough, Stockton California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Safety Zone; Old Mormon Slough, Stockton California. 165.1201 Section 165.1201 Navigation and Navigable... § 165.1201 Safety Zone; Old Mormon Slough, Stockton California. (a) General. This safety zone is established...

2014-07-01

382

42 CFR 3.206 - Confidentiality of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality of patient safety work product. 3.206 Section 3...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2010-10-01

383

42 CFR 3.208 - Continued protection of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Continued protection of patient safety work product. 3.208 Section 3...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2010-10-01

384

42 CFR 3.204 - Privilege of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Privilege of patient safety work product. 3.204 Section 3...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2010-10-01

385

42 CFR 3.212 - Nonidentification of patient safety work product.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Nonidentification of patient safety work product. 3.212 Section 3...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2010-10-01

386

42 CFR 3.210 - Required disclosure of patient safety work product to the Secretary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Required disclosure of patient safety work product to the Secretary. 3.210...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PATIENT SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Confidentiality and...

2010-10-01

387

77 FR 65000 - Drug Safety and Risk Management Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FDA-2012-N-0001] Drug Safety and Risk Management Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting...Committee: Drug Safety and Risk Management Advisory Committee. General Function of...CDER's Drug Safety and Risk Management Advisory Committee (DSaRM). The...

2012-10-24

388

10 CFR 31.7 - Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft. 31.7 Section...31.7 Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft. (a) A general...contained in luminous safety devices for use in aircraft, provided...

2010-01-01

389

10 CFR 31.7 - Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft. 31.7 Section...31.7 Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft. (a) A general...contained in luminous safety devices for use in aircraft, provided...

2011-01-01

390

10 CFR 31.7 - Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft. 31.7 Section...31.7 Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft. (a) A general...contained in luminous safety devices for use in aircraft, provided...

2014-01-01

391

10 CFR 31.7 - Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft. 31.7 Section...31.7 Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft. (a) A general...contained in luminous safety devices for use in aircraft, provided...

2013-01-01

392

10 CFR 31.7 - Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft. 31.7 Section...31.7 Luminous safety devices for use in aircraft. (a) A general...contained in luminous safety devices for use in aircraft, provided...

2012-01-01

393

Safety in the Chemical Laboratory: Learning How to Run Safer Undergraduate Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses responsibilities for providing safe experiments and for teaching about safety. Provides lists of references on chemical safety and regulated/potential carcinogens. Also discusses general laboratory safety procedures including waste disposal and recycling of solvents. (JM)

Mohrig, Jerry R.

1983-01-01

394

Electrical Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... and education. Consumer Product Safety Commission safety guide: electronics and electrical . Electrical safety information on ground fault circuit interrupters, arc fault circuit interrupters, household extension cords, and spotting possible safety problems with electrical ...

395

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Department of Occupational Health and Safety Revised December 2009 #12;Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Management System 1. Introduction.............................................................................................................. 3 2.2 Management of Health and Safety

396

CPSC Safety Guides  

MedlinePLUS

... Information Hobbies Playgrounds Pools and Spas Recent OnSafety Blogs March 06, 2015 Daylight Saving Time change smoke ... Product Safety: Jacqueline Jones-Smith Read More OnSafety Blogs Inside CPSC: Recalls Safety Education Regulations, Laws & Standards ...

397

Safety harness  

DOEpatents

A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment, which safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

Gunter, Larry W. (615 Sand Pit Rd., Leesville, SC 29070)

1993-01-01

398

Mechanical Demolition of Buildings with Concrete Asbestos Board Siding: Methodology, Precautions, and Results at the Hanford Central Plateau - 12417  

SciTech Connect

Since the start of its contract in 2008, the CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CH2M HILL) has demolished 25 buildings with concrete asbestos board (CAB) siding using mechanical means. While the asbestos contained in CAB siding is not friable in its manufactured form, concerns persist that mechanical methods of demolition have the potential to render the asbestos friable and airborne, therefore posing a health risk to demolition workers and the public. CH2M HILL's experience demonstrates that when carefully managed, mechanical demolition of CAB siding can be undertaken safely, successfully, and in compliance with regulatory requirements for the disposal of Class II Asbestos-Containing Material (ACM). While the number of buildings demolished at Hanford and the number of samples collected does not make a conclusive argument that CAB cannot be made friable with normal demolition techniques, it certainly provides a significant body of evidence for the success of the approach. Of course, there are many factors that affect how to demolish a structure and dispose of the waste. These factors will impact the success depending on each site. The most obvious factors which contribute to this success at Hanford are: 1. The availability of onsite waste disposal where the handling and cost of asbestos-containing waste is not much different than other potentially contaminated waste. Therefore, segregation of demolition debris from the potential asbestos contamination is not necessary from a debris handling or asbestos disposal aspect. 2. The space between structures is typically significant enough to allow for large exclusion zones. There are not many restrictions due to cohabitation issues or potential contamination of adjacent facilities. 3. The willingness of the regulators and client to understand the industrial safety issues associated with manual CAB removal. (authors)

Kehler, Kurt [Decommissioning and Demolition, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company, Richland, Washington (United States)

2012-07-01

399

user manual User's Guide  

E-print Network

-voltage hazard and precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 2.3 Laser light safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Safety safety text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x Safety standards

Pawlowski, Wojtek

400

Systematic assessment of laser safety in otolaryngology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Risk management of lasers can be broadly define das a process of identification of the risk, assessment of the risk and steps taken to avert the risk. The risk management may be divided into: Risk inherent to the technology and risk in clinical use. Within the National Health Service in the UK, a useful document, which provides hospital laser users with advice on safety, is the 'Guidance on the Safe Use of Lasers in Medical and Dental Practice' issued by the Medical Devices Agency for the Department of Health in the UK. It recommends the appointment of a Laser Protection Adviser (LPA) who is knowledgeable in the evaluation of laser hazards. One of the duties LPA is to ensure that Local Rules are drawn up for each specific application of a laser. A Laser Protection Supervisor (LPS) should also be appointed with responsibility to ensure that the Local Rules are observed. It is a sensible precaution that laser users should be those approved by the Laser Protection Supervisor in consultation with the Laser Protection Advisor. All laser users should sign a statement that they have read and understood the Local Rules.

Oswal, V. H.

2001-01-01

401

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: technique, safety, and results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a minimally invasive method of removing the diseased gallbladder. It was introduced into Lithuania in December 1992 and has gained wide acceptance. While LC offers many advantages over the conventional laparotomy procedure one of its drawbacks is delayed biliary complications. Those complications may be avoided with appropriate precautions. The aim of this research is to maximize the safety of LC. The potential way to solve this problem is to minimize the possible heat damage and electrical injury remote from the site of surgery during dissection of the cystic duct, cystic artery, and the gallbladder. Neodymium:YAG laser applications with endoscopic fiber have been investigated. The possibilities to use it as a scalpel and as coagulator to release the gallbladder from all its peritoneal attachments during LC have been investigated. The controversy over optimal sources for thermal dissection of the gallbladder has been performed. The potential benefits of Nd:YAG laser in surgery -- precise cutting, limited collateral tissue damage, and improved capillary and arteriole hemostasis -- have been found.

Simutis, Gintaras; Bubnys, A.; Vaitkuviene, Aurelija

1994-12-01

402

HEALTH, SAFETY & INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

reporting · DSE Assessments · Risk Assessments · Electrical Safety #12;HEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING POLICYHEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING NEW STAFF INDUCTION #12;INTRODUCTION · University Health, Safety and Wellbeing Policy · The role of the Health & Safety Office · School/Unit Health & Safety Management

Sussex, University of

403

Dental surgery and anesthetic precautions of a patient with Down syndrome and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: a case report.  

PubMed

Down syndrome and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis have been associated with ligament laxity, specifically the atlantoaxial ligament, which maintains the proper positioning of the cervical first and second vertebrae. The joint consists of different pathological processes, and it is paramount that individuals with either condition be screened appropriately before surgery is contemplated. The purpose of this paper was to present a case of an individual with both conditions and describe precautionary measures that were undertaken to safely complete dental treatment under general anesthesia and avoid morbidity. PMID:23265174

Unkel, John H; Edwards, Justin S; Piscitelli, William P; Tye, Gary W

2012-01-01

404

Product Engineering Class in the Software Safety Risk Taxonomy for Building Safety-Critical Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When software safety requirements are imposed on legacy safety-critical systems, retrospective safety cases need to be formulated as part of recertifying the systems for further use and risks must be documented and managed to give confidence for reusing the systems. The SEJ Software Development Risk Taxonomy [4] focuses on general software development issues. It does not, however, cover all the safety risks. The Software Safety Risk Taxonomy [8] was developed which provides a construct for eliciting and categorizing software safety risks in a straightforward manner. In this paper, we present extended work on the taxonomy for safety that incorporates the additional issues inherent in the development and maintenance of safety-critical systems with software. An instrument called a Software Safety Risk Taxonomy Based Questionnaire (TBQ) is generated containing questions addressing each safety attribute in the Software Safety Risk Taxonomy. Software safety risks are surfaced using the new TBQ and then analyzed. In this paper we give the definitions for the specialized Product Engineering Class within the Software Safety Risk Taxonomy. At the end of the paper, we present the tool known as the 'Legacy Systems Risk Database Tool' that is used to collect and analyze the data required to show traceability to a particular safety standard

Hill, Janice; Victor, Daniel

2008-01-01

405

General Aviation Pilot Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General Aviation Pilot Education (GAPE) was a safety program designed to improve the aeronautical education of the general aviation pilot in anticipation that the national aircraft accident rate might be improved. GAPE PROGRAM attempted to reach the average general aviation pilot with specific and factual information regarding the pitfalls of his…

Cole, Warren L.

406

Environmental Health and Instructional Safety Employee Safety  

E-print Network

Program 22 Medical Monitoring 23 Office Safety 23 Personal Protective Equipment 24 Table of Contents #12Environmental Health and Instructional Safety #12;Employee Safety Page 1 To our University an environment for students, faculty, staff, and visitors that will not adversely affect their health and safety

de Lijser, Peter

407

Adverse drug reactions and safety considerations of NSAIDs: clinical analysis.  

PubMed

NSAIDs are the most frequently used drugs for treatment, in Europe and the United States, accounting for approximately 5% of all prescriptions. Moreover, the use of NSAIDs is increasing because these constitute the first-line drug therapy for a wide range of rheumatic conditions. This increase is in part the result of the increasing population of elderly patients, who constitute the group of patients with greatest demand for these agents. There are many types of NSAIDs that vary in potency, action and potential side effects. Thus various efforts have been made to determine the safety considerations including adverse drug effects, duration of drug therapy, drug interactions, precautions and other drugs applied to reduce side effects. Researchers have introduced some novel techniques to diagnose NSAIDs related adverse effects on the gastrointestinal mucosa. The researchers dealing with the development of drug delivery system for these drugs should aim at designing a therapeutically efficacious dosage form with reduced side/adverse effects. Thus an effort has been made in this review to deal with the safety parameters of various NSAIDs with a special emphasis on preclinical and clinical safety analysis and various attempts to minimize the side effects by structural modification or by drug delivery system. PMID:22424538

Bahadur, Shiv; Keshri, Lav; Pathak, Kamla

2011-11-01

408

DIVISION 16 -ELECTRICAL 16000 GENERAL  

E-print Network

DIVISION 16 - ELECTRICAL _____________________________________________________________ 16000 GENERAL A. Design Considerations 1. All drawing, specifications and construction shall conform to the following: National Electrical Code National Electrical Safety Code National Fire Protection Association

409

Safety Gear  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The following resource is from Lessonopoly, which has created student activities and lesson plans to support the video series, Science of the Olympic Winter Games, created by NBC Learn and the National Science Foundation. Featuring exclusive footage from NBC Sports and contributions from Olympic athletes and NSF scientists, the series will help teach your students valuable scientific concepts. In this lesson, students will consider the design factors that impact safety gear by creating their own “helmet” for an egg. Students will experiment with shape, materials and design in this hands-on project. Students will use their experiences and additional research to debate the topic of having a mandatory helmet law for bicyclists.

2010-01-01

410

School Safety Audit: Protocol, Procedures, and Checklists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1997 Virginia General Assembly passed HB 1851, which directs local school boards to require all schools under their supervisory control to conduct school safety audits. This type of audit should "assess the safety conditions in each public school." HB 1851 also directed the Superintendent of Public Instruction to develop a list of items to be…

Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond.

411

47 CFR 95.1125 - RF safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false RF safety. 95.1125 Section 95.1125... General Provisions § 95.1125 RF safety. Portable devices as defined...the WMTS are subject to radio frequency radiation exposure requirements as specified...

2010-10-01

412

Leibniz Universitt Hannover Fire Safety Regulations  

E-print Network

Leibniz Universität Hannover Fire Safety Regulations 1. General Information (1.1) These Fire Safety of BSO is to prophylactically prevent fire damage to persons or objects and to secure that in case of fire all persons concerned behave in such a way that damages to persons and objects are kept as low

Grübel, Rudolf

413

Safety critical systems: challenges and directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety-critical systems are those systems whose failure could result in loss of life, significant property damage, or damage to the environment. There are many well known examples in application areas such as medical devices, aircraft flight control, weapons, and nuclear systems. Many modern information systems are becoming safety-critical in a general sense because financial loss and even loss of life

John C. Knight

2002-01-01

414

Advanced missions safety. Volume 1: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Three separate studies were performed under the general category of advanced missions safety. Each dealt with a separate issue, was a self-contained effort, and was independent of the other two studies. The studies are titled: (1) space shuttle rescue capability, (2) experiment safety, and (3) emergency crew transfer. A separate discussion of each study is presented.

1972-01-01

415

Safety in Science. Curriculum Support Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the major causes of accidents are carelessness and a negative or apathetic attitude towards safety, this guide was developed to facilitate safe, stimulating science laboratory activities by providing both general and specific safety information presented in 12 sections. Subject areas considered in these sections include: 1)…

Lulashnyk, Lorne; Boonov, Janet

416

40 CFR 87.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Aircraft safety. 87.6 Section 87.6 Protection...CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM AIRCRAFT AND AIRCRAFT ENGINES General Provisions § 87.6 Aircraft safety. The provisions of this part...

2010-07-01

417

40 CFR 87.6 - Aircraft safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Aircraft safety. 87.6 Section 87.6 Protection...CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM AIRCRAFT AND AIRCRAFT ENGINES General Provisions § 87.6 Aircraft safety. The provisions of this part...

2011-07-01

418

Radiation Safety System  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this work is to provide an overview of a Radiation safety system (RSS) designed for protection from prompt radiation hazard at accelerator facilities. RSS design parameters, functional requirements and constraints are derived from hazard analysis and risk assessment undertaken in the design phase of the facility. The two main subsystems of a RSS are access control system (ACS) and radiation control system (RCS). In this text, a common approach to risk assessment, typical components of ACS and RCS, desirable features and general design principles applied to RSS are described.

Vylet, Vaclav; /Jefferson Lab; Liu, James C.; /SLAC; Walker, Lawrence S.; /Los Alamos

2012-04-04

419

Food Safety Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Did you know that September is Food Safety Month? To find out more about it, visit this Website from the US Food and Drug Administration, where you can take the 'Fridge Quiz, learn about the "thaw law" and download the cold storage chart (.pdf). Although the site is intended primarily for food science educators, it contains factsheets, games and activities that might be of interest to general audiences. For instance, did you know that non-dairy whipped topping is safe in the refrigerator for 3 months?! Heaps of graphics and brochures for educators can be downloaded from .pdf files.

2001-01-01

420

Radiation safety system.  

PubMed

The goal of this work is to provide an overview of a Radiation safety system (RSS) designed for protection from prompt radiation hazard at accelerator facilities. RSS design parameters, functional requirements and constraints are derived from hazard analysis and risk assessment undertaken in the design phase of the facility. The two main subsystems of a RSS are access control system (ACS) and radiation control system (RCS). In this text, a common approach to risk assessment, typical components of ACS and RCS, desirable features and general design principles applied to RSS are described. PMID:19783555

Vylet, Vaclav; Liu, James C; Walker, Lawrence S

2009-11-01

421

The Psychology of Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many studies of mishaps show that human error is a factor in a significant majority of accidents. Trying to decide how to change human behavior to be safer is generally the biggest challenge of any safety program. However, understanding the human psyche is the first step to changing behavior. Many studies focus on the before and after of an accident, but what about the thoughts of a person in the commission of an unsafe act? This is a less understood area. Examining it reveals why it is not well comprehended. This paper attempts to examine a part of the thought process, with an eye to helping influence people to less hurtful actions.

Anderson, Brenda Lindley

2011-01-01

422

CAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes  

E-print Network

CAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes November 12, 2013 Present Daniel Edge-Garza, Rick Rupp Emergency Management Plan. Daniel Edge-Garza presented 3 areas that he felt should be the focus was adjourned at noon by Daniel Edge-Garza. The next general meeting will be at 11am on December 10, 2013

Collins, Gary S.

423

Histology safety: now and then  

Microsoft Academic Search

Histology safety usually focuses on general laboratory issues, but this article concentrates on the hazards affecting the individual histotech and their evolution in the last half a century. Using the information from a survey especially designed for the occasion, the hazards were divided into 4 groups, and their prevalence was expressed as percentages for national and foreign laboratories. All the

René J. Buesa

2007-01-01

424

Technical highlights in general aviation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Improvements in performance, safety, efficiency, and emissions control in general aviation craft are reviewed. While change is slow, the U.S. industries still account for the bulk (90%) of the world's general aviation fleet. Advances in general aviation aerodynamics, structures and materials, acoustics, avionics, and propulsion are described. Supercritical airfoils, drag reduction design, stall/spin studies, crashworthiness and passenger safety, fiberglass materials, flight noise abatement, interior noise and vibration reduction, navigation systems, quieter and cleaner (reciprocating, turboprop, turbofan) engines, and possible benefits of the Global Position Satellite System to general aviation navigation are covered in the discussion. Some of the developments are illustrated.

Stickle, J. W.

1977-01-01

425

49 CFR 193.2603 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false General. 193.2603 Section 193.2603 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 193.2603 General. (a) Each component in...

2013-10-01

426

49 CFR 193.2603 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General. 193.2603 Section 193.2603 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 193.2603 General. (a) Each component in...

2010-10-01

427

49 CFR 193.2603 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false General. 193.2603 Section 193.2603 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 193.2603 General. (a) Each component in...

2014-10-01

428

49 CFR 193.2603 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false General. 193.2603 Section 193.2603 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 193.2603 General. (a) Each component in...

2011-10-01

429

49 CFR 193.2603 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false General. 193.2603 Section 193.2603 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation...FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 193.2603 General. (a) Each component in...

2012-10-01

430

49 CFR 192.553 - General requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false General requirements. 192.553 Section 192.553 Transportation Other Regulations Relating...PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Uprating § 192.553 General requirements. (a) Pressure...

2010-10-01

431

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During 1997, the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) continued its safety reviews of NASA's human space flight and aeronautics programs. Efforts were focused on those areas that the Panel believed held the greatest potential to impact safety. Continuing safe Space Shuttle operations and progress in the manufacture and testing of primary components for the International Space Station (ISS) were noteworthy. The Panel has continued to monitor the safety implications of the transition of Space Shuttle operations to the United Space Alliance (USA). One area being watched closely relates to the staffing levels and skill mix in both NASA and USA. Therefore, a section of this report is devoted to personnel and other related issues that are a result of this change in NASA's way of doing business for the Space Shuttle. Attention will continue to be paid to this important topic in subsequent reports. Even though the Panel's activities for 1997 were extensive, fewer specific recommendations were formulated than has been the case in recent years. This is indicative of the current generally good state of safety of NASA programs. The Panel does, however, have several longer term concerns that have yet to develop to the level of a specific recommendation. These are covered in the introductory material for each topic area in Section 11. In another departure from past submissions, this report does not contain individual findings and recommendations for the aeronautics programs. While the Panel devoted its usual efforts to examining NASA's aeronautic centers and programs, no specific recommendations were identified for inclusion in this report. In lieu of recommendations, a summary of the Panel's observations of NASA's safety efforts in aeronautics and future Panel areas of emphasis is provided. With profound sadness the Panel notes the passing of our Chairman, Paul M. Johnstone, on December 17, 1997, and our Staff Assistant, Ms. Patricia M. Harman, on October 5, 1997. Other changes to the Panel composition during the past year were: the resignation of Mr. Dennis E. Fitch as a Consultant; the appointment of Mr. Roger D. Schaufele as a Consultant; and the assignment of Ms. Susan M. Smith as Staff Assistant.

1998-01-01

432

[Agricultural biotechnology safety assessment].  

PubMed

Genetically modified (GM) crops were first introduced to farmers in 1995 with the intent to provide better crop yield and meet the increasing demand for food and feed. GM crops have evolved to include a thorough safety evaluation for their use in human food and animal feed. Safety considerations begin at the level of DNA whereby the inserted GM DNA is evaluated for its content, position and stability once placed into the crop genome. The safety of the proteins coded by the inserted DNA and potential effects on the crop are considered, and the purpose is to ensure that the transgenic novel proteins are safe from a toxicity, allergy, and environmental perspective. In addition, the grain that provides the processed food or animal feed is also tested to evaluate its nutritional content and identify unintended effects to the plant composition when warranted. To provide a platform for the safety assessment, the GM crop is compared to non-GM comparators in what is typically referred to as composition equivalence testing. New technologies, such as mass spectrometry and well-designed antibody-based methods, allow better analytical measurements of crop composition, including endogenous allergens. Many of the analytical methods and their intended uses are based on regulatory guidance documents, some of which are outlined in globally recognized documents such as Codex Alimentarius. In certain cases, animal models are recommended by some regulatory agencies in specific countries, but there is typically no hypothesis or justification of their use in testing the safety of GM crops. The quality and standardization of testing methods can be supported, in some cases, by employing good laboratory practices (GLP) and is recognized in China as important to ensure quality data. Although the number of recommended, in some cases, required methods for safety testing are increasing in some regulatory agencies, it should be noted that GM crops registered to date have been shown to be comparable to their nontransgenic counterparts and safe . The crops upon which GM development are based are generally considered safe. PMID:25876504

McClain, Scott; Jones, Wendelyn; He, Xiaoyun; Ladics, Gregory; Bartholomaeus, Andrew; Raybould, Alan; Lutter, Petra; Xu, Haibin; Wang, Xue

2015-01-01

433

Rebuilding a safety culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a culture of safety and NASA since the Challenger accident is reviewed. The technical elements of the strengthened NASA safety program are described, including problem reporting, risk\\/assessment\\/risk management, operational safety, and safety assurance are addressed. Future directions in the development of safety are considered.

George A. Rodney

1991-01-01

434

ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY PROGRAMS SPRING 2012 Including: Free Information Session New Program in Health and Safety CONTINUING AND PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION #12;2 Our Health and Safety Programs Workplace Health and Safety Certificate Program For every dollar invested in workplace safety, organizations

California at Davis, University of

435

TLA-55 Rotor Used in Beckman Coulter OptimaTM  

E-print Network

spills may generate aerosols, observe proper safety precautions for aerosol contain- ment. Do not run toxic, pathogenic, or radioactive materials in this rotor without taking appropriate safety precautions

Pawlowski, Wojtek

436

Safety Manual Prepared by the  

E-print Network

Radiation and Laser Safety 19 Laser Safety 21 Compressed Gas and Cryogenic Safety 22 Electrical Safety 24IMS Safety Manual Prepared by the IMS Safety Committee January 1991 (revised 1/2009) Institute 2 Introduction 3 IMS Laboratory Safety Reporting Policy 4 IMS Safety Committee 5 Fire Safety

Alpay, S. Pamir

437

Attentional bias toward safety predicts safety behaviors.  

PubMed

Safety studies have primarily focused on how explicit processes and measures affect safety behavior and subsequent accidents and injuries. Recently, safety researchers have paid greater attention to the role of implicit processes. Our research focuses on the role of attentional bias toward safety (ABS) in workplace safety. ABS is a basic, early-stage cognitive process involving the automatic and selective allocation of attentional resources toward safety cues, which reflect the implicit motivational state of employees regarding safety goal. In this study, we used two reaction time-based paradigms to measure the ABS of employees in three studies: two modified Stroop tasks (Studies 1 and 2) and a visual dot-probe task (Study 3). Results revealed that employees with better safety behavior showed significant ABS (Study 2), and greater ABS than employees with poorer safety behavior (Studies 1 and 2). Moreover, ABS was positively associated with the perceived safety climate and safety motivation of employees, both of which mediate the effect of ABS on safety behavior (Study 3). These results contributed to a deeper understanding of how early-stage automatic perceptual processing affects safety behavior. The practical implications of these results were also discussed. PMID:24922613

Xu, Yaoshan; Li, Yongjuan; Wang, Guangxi; Yuan, Xiao; Ding, Weidong; Shen, Zhongxiang

2014-10-01

438

Diesel Technology: Safety Skills. [Teacher and Student Editions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency-based teacher and student materials are provided for three units on safety skills as part of a diesel technology curriculum. The units cover the following topics: general safety; workplace safety; and first aid. The materials are based on the curriculum-alignment concept of first stating the objectives, then developing instructional…

Kellum, Mary

439

Integrating Occupational Health and Safety into TAFE Courses: Curriculum Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help technical and further education (TAFE) curriculum writers in Australia integrate safety education into vocational education courses. It provides a general overview of occupational health and safety from the perspective of TAFE trade training and a brief summary of the major health and safety issues that might be…

Hall, Bob; Mageean, Pauline

440

Regulatory framework for the safety of radioactive waste management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The safety of radioactive waste management is the most important aspect for each country, which has not described the practical implementation of the general safety concepts. Establishing a regulatory framework is the basic issue in radioactive waste management. At the beginning of the regulatory progress, several factors should be taken into account; for example, safety standards according to the technical

A. E. Osmanlioglu

2006-01-01

441

Study on Enterprise's Employees' Safety Training Based on SPSS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In general, the present China's safety production situation takes a turn for the better continually, but the situation remains harsh; it is considered that one of the important measures for preventing accidents is intensifying safety education, safety training and improving the quality of laborers. In this paper, the famous statistical software-SPSS is introduced firstly, then a sample survey bas been

Fuliang Jiang; Keping Zhou; Hongwei Deng; Xiangyang Li; Yongming Zhong

2009-01-01

442

Categorical modeling to evaluate road safety at the planning level  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most efficient strategy to ensure long term road network safety is to integrate safety analysis into the planning process of a network or a corridor. Safety planning decision-support tool outcomes should be reliable and realistic, taking into account the main characteristics of this particular level, which is characterized by scant and generalized data. However, the tools developed and presented

Sara Ferreira; António Couto

2012-01-01

443

Approaches to safety, environment and regulatory approval for ITER  

Microsoft Academic Search

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Engineering Design Activities (EDA) in safety and environment are approaching the point where conceptual safety design, topic studies and research will give way to project oriented engineering design activities. The Joint Central Team (JCT) is promoting safety design and analysis necessary for siting and regulatory approval. Scoping studies are underway at the general level, in

G Saji; H. W Bartels; V Chuyanov; D Holland; A. V Kashirski; S. I Morozov; S. J Piet; A Poucet; J Raeder; P. H Rebut; L. N Topilski

1995-01-01

444

Pool & Spa Safety Act  

MedlinePLUS

... Stories Pool Safely Home Consumer Product Safety Commission, CPSC CPSC Home The Pool & Spa Safety Act Contact Information About PoolSafely.gov and CPSC The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is ...

445

Medical Device Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail this page Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety Medical Device Safety Search the Medical Device Safety Section Medical ...

446

Paper Shredder Safety Alert  

MedlinePLUS

Paper Shredder Safety Alert Consumer model paper shredders are very popular. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission ( ... offers the following safety tips when using a paper shredder: ? Never allow children to operate paper shredders, ...

447

Surveying Science Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of a National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) study that analyzed science classroom safety. Examines the potential need for a national safety indexing system to rank states with regard to science safety. (DDR)

Gerlovich, Jack A.; Parsa, Rahul

2002-01-01

448

ETE Electrical Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a collection of safety topics that may be discussed in electrical safety meetings or classes. Topics include fuse removal, GFCIs, electrical shock, first aid, LOTO, PPE, fire safety, and hazardous locations.

449

Household Safety: Preventing Drowning  

MedlinePLUS

... Expect Ebola: What to Know Household Safety: Preventing Drowning KidsHealth > Parents > First Aid & Safety > Home Sweet Home > Household Safety: Preventing Drowning Print A A A Text Size What's in ...

450

Water Safety Quiz  

MedlinePLUS

Water Safety Quiz Trivia quiz loading... Please enable javascript. Stay Safe around Water Download water safety tips in English or Spanish and share them with your friends. Make Water Safety a Priority Contact your local Red Cross ...

451

Super Safety and Health Day at KSC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the Training Auditorium at KSC, Brig. General Donald P. Pettit, commander of the 45th Space Wing, speaks to attendees at a presentation for Super Safety and Health Day. Safety Day is a full day of NASA-sponsored, KSC and 45th Space Wing events involving a number of health and safety related activities: Displays, vendors, technical paper sessions, panel discussions, a keynote speaker, etc. The entire Center and Wing stand down to participate in the planned events. Safety Day is held annually to proactively increase awareness in safety and health among the government and contractor workforce population. The first guiding principle at KSC is '''Safety and Health First.''' KSC's number one goal is to '''Assure sound, safe and efficient practices and processes are in place for privatized/commercialized launch site processing.'''

2000-01-01

452

Safety analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are engaged in a research program in safety-critical computing that is based on two case studies. We use these case studies to provide application-specific details of the various research issues, and as targets for evaluation of research ideas. The first case study is the Magnetic Stereotaxis System (MSS), an investigational device for performing human neurosurgery being developed in a joint effort between the Department of Physics at the University of Virginia and the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Iowa. The system operates by manipulating a small permanent magnet (known as a 'seed') within the brain using an externally applied magnetic field. By varying the magnitude and gradient of the external magnetic field, the seed can be moved along a non-linear path and positioned at a site requiring therapy, e.g., a tumor. The magnetic field required for movement through brain tissue is extremely high, and is generated by a set of six superconducting magnets located in a housing surrounding the patient's head. The system uses two X-ray cameras positioned at right angles to detect in real time the locations of the seed and of X-ray opaque markers affixed to the patient's skull. the X-ray images are used to locate the objects of interest in a canonical frame of reference. the second case study is the University of Virginia Research Nuclear Reactor (UVAR). It is a 2 MW thermal, concrete-walled pool reactor. The system operates using 20 to 25 plate-type fuel assemblies placed on a rectangular grid plate. There are three scramable safety rods, and one non-scramable regulating rod that can be put in automatic mode. It was originally constructed in 1959 as a 1 MW system, and it was upgraded to 2 MW in 1973. Though only a research reactor rather than a power reactor, the issues raised are significant and can be related to the problems faced by full-scale reactor systems.

Knight, John C.

1995-01-01

453

Safety self-efficacy and safety performance : Potential antecedents and the moderation effect of standardization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to suggest a new safety self-efficacy construct and to explore its antecedents and interaction with standardization to influence in-patient safety. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper used a survey of 161 nurses using a self-administered questionnaire over a 14-day period in two large Israeli general hospitals. Nurses answered questions relating to four safety self-efficacy

Tal Katz-Navon; Eitan Naveh; Zvi Stern

2007-01-01

454

RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING MANUAL Radiation Safety Office  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING MANUAL Radiation Safety Office 130 DeSoto Street G-7 Parran with sources of ionizing radiation are required to be instructed in the basic principles of radiation protection and the potential risks of ionizing radiation. Radiation Safety Office personnel provide

Sibille, Etienne

455

Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Safety  

E-print Network

safety training and submit this registration to the LSO prior to use of Class 3B or 4 lasers. A copy will be returned to the Laser Supervisor to be filed in the Laboratory Laser Safety Notebook. Both the Laser Safety Page 2 of 2 FORM LU-1 Revision 01 1/31/2012 TO BE COMPLETED BY THE LASER USER REGISTRANT I have

Houston, Paul L.

456

A comparison of commercial/industry and nuclear weapons safety concepts  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the authors identify factors which influence the safety philosophy used in the US commercial/industrial sector and compare them against those factors which influence nuclear weapons safety. Commercial/industrial safety is guided by private and public safety standards. Generally, private safety standards tend to emphasize product reliability issues while public (i.e., government) safety standards tend to emphasize human factors issues. Safety in the nuclear weapons arena is driven by federal requirements and memoranda of understanding (MOUs) between the Departments of Defense and Energy. Safety is achieved through passive design features integrated into the nuclear weapon. Though the common strand between commercial/industrial and nuclear weapons safety is the minimization of risk posed to the general population (i.e., public safety), the authors found that each sector tends to employ a different safety approach to view and resolve high-consequence safety issues.

Bennett, R.R.; Summers, D.A.

1996-07-01

457

CRITICALITY SAFETY CONTROLS AND THE SAFETY BASIS AT PFP  

SciTech Connect

With the implementation of DOE Order 420.1B, Facility Safety, and DOE-STD-3007-2007, 'Guidelines for Preparing Criticality Safety Evaluations at Department of Energy Non-Reactor Nuclear Facilities', a new requirement was imposed that all criticality safety controls be evaluated for inclusion in the facility Documented Safety Analysis (DSA) and that the evaluation process be documented in the site Criticality Safety Program Description Document (CSPDD). At the Hanford site in Washington State the CSPDD, HNF-31695, 'General Description of the FH Criticality Safety Program', requires each facility develop a linking document called a Criticality Control Review (CCR) to document performance of these evaluations. Chapter 5, Appendix 5B of HNF-7098, Criticality Safety Program, provided an example of a format for a CCR that could be used in lieu of each facility developing its own CCR. Since the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) is presently undergoing Deactivation and Decommissioning (D&D), new procedures are being developed for cleanout of equipment and systems that have not been operated in years. Existing Criticality Safety Evaluations (CSE) are revised, or new ones written, to develop the controls required to support D&D activities. Other Hanford facilities, including PFP, had difficulty using the basic CCR out of HNF-7098 when first implemented. Interpretation of the new guidelines indicated that many of the controls needed to be elevated to TSR level controls. Criterion 2 of the standard, requiring that the consequence of a criticality be examined for establishing the classification of a control, was not addressed. Upon in-depth review by PFP Criticality Safety staff, it was not clear that the programmatic interpretation of criterion 8C could be applied at PFP. Therefore, the PFP Criticality Safety staff decided to write their own CCR. The PFP CCR provides additional guidance for the evaluation team to use by clarifying the evaluation criteria in DOE-STD-3007-2007. In reviewing documents used in classifying controls for Nuclear Safety, it was noted that DOE-HDBK-1188, 'Glossary of Environment, Health, and Safety Terms', defines an Administrative Control (AC) in terms that are different than typically used in Criticality Safety. As part of this CCR, a new term, Criticality Administrative Control (CAC) was defined to clarify the difference between an AC used for criticality safety and an AC used for nuclear safety. In Nuclear Safety terms, an AC is a provision relating to organization and management, procedures, recordkeeping, assessment, and reporting necessary to ensure safe operation of a facility. A CAC was defined as an administrative control derived in a criticality safety analysis that is implemented to ensure double contingency. According to criterion 2 of Section IV, 'Linkage to the Documented Safety Analysis', of DOESTD-3007-2007, the consequence of a criticality should be examined for the purposes of classifying the significance of a control or component. HNF-PRO-700, 'Safety Basis Development', provides control selection criteria based on consequence and risk that may be used in the development of a Criticality Safety Evaluation (CSE) to establish the classification of a component as a design feature, as safety class or safety significant, i.e., an Engineered Safety Feature (ESF), or as equipment important to safety; or merely provides defense-in-depth. Similar logic is applied to the CACs. Criterion 8C of DOE-STD-3007-2007, as written, added to the confusion of using the basic CCR from HNF-7098. The PFP CCR attempts to clarify this criterion by revising it to say 'Programmatic commitments or general references to control philosophy (e.g., mass control or spacing control or concentration control as an overall control strategy for the process without specific quantification of individual limits) is included in the PFP DSA'. Table 1 shows the PFP methodology for evaluating CACs. This evaluation process has been in use since February of 2008 and has proven to be simple and effective. Each control identified i

Kessler, S

2009-04-21

458

SHSD Manager Safety Engineering Group Manager  

E-print Network

. Shepherd: Explosives Safety, Facility Authorization Basis, Nuclear Safety R. Travis: Readiness Evaluations Safety, Machine Shop Safety, Tier I Program, Traffic Safety S. Moss: Nuclear Criticality Safety G

459

Towards proactive safety in design: a comparison of safety integration approaches in two design processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to optimize understanding of how safety and, more generally, human factors are considered at design stage in an industrial context. The practical aim is to provide assistance during early design stages to improve design process quality. Integration of safety integration in design is studied in two different industrial contexts; specifically, the printing sector and

C. De La Garza; Elie Fadier

2005-01-01

460

Testing safety commitment in organizations through interpretations of safety artifacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

ProblemSafety culture relates to injuries and safety incidents in organizations, but is difficult to asses and measure. We describe a preliminary test of assessing an organization's safety culture by examining employee interpretations of organizational safety artifacts (safety signs).

Gil Luria; Anat Rafaeli

2008-01-01

461

CCB Laboratory Safety Orientation Checklist Laboratory Safety Training Review  

E-print Network

/blood-borne pathogens, radiation safety, laser safety, liquid pyrophoric, etc...). ReviewCCB Laboratory Safety Orientation Checklist Laboratory Safety Training Review Attend CCB's Lab 300 in-class safety training. All personnel working within CCB

Heller, Eric

462

Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection Rate after Intervention and Comparing Outcome with National Healthcare Safety Network and International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium Data  

PubMed Central

Background: Benchmarking of central line associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) rates remains a problem in developing countries due to the variations in surveillance practices and/or infection risk as non-availability of national data. Aim: The aim of the following study was to find out the CLABSI rate before and after central line (CL) bundle intervention and compare the outcome with international surveillance data. Subjects and Methods: This prospective longitudinal cohort study on adult intensive care unit patients was conducted at Hera General Hospital, Makkah Saudi Arabia from January 1 to December 31, 2012. Five key components of bundle were selected; hand hygiene, maximal barrier precautions upon insertion, skin antisepsis, optimum site selection and daily review of line necessity with prompt removal of unnecessary lines. Post-intervention CLABSI rate was compared with National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) and International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) rates. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 14.0 software (SPSS Inc., 233 South Wacker Drive, 11th floor Chicago, USA) was used for statistical analysis included regression analysis for correlation. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: CLABSI rate was reduced from 10.1 to 6.5 per 1000 CL days after interventions and had significant correlation with overall bundle compliance rate 87.6% (P = 0.02) On benchmarking, CLABSI rate after the intervention was similar to mean pool value of INICC (6.8) while higher than NHSN (3.1). The most common microorganisms isolated were; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (30.8%), Acinetobacter baumanii (23.3%) and Enterococcus faecalis (15.4%). Conclusion: We found that INICC data was a better benchmarking tool comparative to NHSN because it represents the countries that are developing the surveillance system. A multicenter national study is recommended. PMID:25328774

Bukhari, SZ; Banjar, A; Baghdadi, SS; Baltow, BA; Ashshi, AM; Hussain, WM

2014-01-01

463

Food safety.  

PubMed

Food can never be entirely safe. Food safety is threatened by numerous pathogens that cause a variety of foodborne diseases, algal toxins that cause mostly acute disease, and fungal toxins that may be acutely toxic but may also have chronic sequelae, such as teratogenic, immunotoxic, nephrotoxic, and estrogenic effects. Perhaps more worrisome, the industrial activities of the last century and more have resulted in massive increases in our exposure to toxic metals such as lead, cadmium, mercury, and arsenic, which now are present in the entire food chain and exhibit various toxicities. Industrial processes also released chemicals that, although banned a long time ago, persist in the environment and contaminate our food. These include organochlorine compounds, such as 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethene) (DDT), other pesticides, dioxins, and dioxin-like compounds. DDT and its breakdown product dichlorophenyl dichloroethylene affect the developing male and female reproductive organs. In addition, there is increasing evidence that they exhibit neurodevelopmental toxicities in human infants and children. They share this characteristic with the dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. Other food contaminants can arise from the treatment of animals with veterinary drugs or the spraying of food crops, which may leave residues. Among the pesticides applied to food crops, the organophosphates have been the focus of much regulatory attention because there is growing evidence that they, too, affect the developing brain. Numerous chemical contaminants are formed during the processing and cooking of foods. Many of them are known or suspected carcinogens. Other food contaminants leach from the packaging or storage containers. Examples that have garnered increasing attention in recent years are phthalates, which have been shown to induce malformations in the male reproductive system in laboratory animals, and bisphenol A, which negatively affects the development of the central nervous system and the male reproductive organs. Genetically modified foods present new challenges to regulatory agencies around the world because consumer fears that the possible health risks of these foods have not been allayed. An emerging threat to food safety possibly comes from the increasing use of nanomaterials, which are already used in packaging materials, even though their toxicity remains largely unexplored. Numerous scientific groups have underscored the importance of addressing this issue and developing the necessary tools for doing so. Governmental agencies such as the US Food and Drug Administration and other agencies in the USA and their counterparts in other nations have the increasingly difficult task of monitoring the food supply for these chemicals and determining the human health risks associated with exposure to these substances. The approach taken until recently focused on one chemical at a time and one exposure route (oral, inhalational, dermal) at a time. It is increasingly recognized, however, that many of the numerous chemicals we are exposed to everyday are ubiquitous, resulting in exposure from food, water, air, dust, and soil. In addition, many of these chemicals act on the same target tissue by similar mechanisms. "Mixture toxicology" is a rapidly growing science that addresses the complex interactions between chemicals and investigates the effects of cumulative exposure to such "common mechanism groups" of chemicals. It is to be hoped that this results in a deeper understanding of the risks we face from multiple concurrent exposures and makes our food supply safer. PMID:19911313

Borchers, Andrea; Teuber, Suzanne S; Keen, Carl L; Gershwin, M Eric

2010-10-01

464

Disease Precautions for Dog Walkers  

MedlinePLUS

... have their pet evaluated by a veterinarian. Severe weather A dog’s tolerance to heat and cold varies ... seem to have a tougher time in hot weather and may require more frequent rests, shorter walks, ...

465

Precautions regarding Nonword Repetition Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using nonword repetition tasks as an experimental approach with both adults and children has become quite common in the past 10 to 15 years for studying lexical learning and phonological processing (e.g., Bailey & Hahn, 2001; Gathercole, Frankish, Pickering & Peaker, 1998; Munson, Edwards, & Beckman, 2005; Storkel, 2001; Vitevich & Luce, 2005). In…

Smith, Bruce

2006-01-01

466

30 CFR 77.200 - Surface installations; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS, SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Surface Installations § 77.200 Surface installations; general. All mine...

2010-07-01

467

30 CFR 77.200 - Surface installations; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS, SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Surface Installations § 77.200 Surface installations; general. All mine...

2013-07-01

468

30 CFR 77.200 - Surface installations; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS, SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Surface Installations § 77.200 Surface installations; general. All mine...

2011-07-01

469

30 CFR 77.200 - Surface installations; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS, SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Surface Installations § 77.200 Surface installations; general. All mine...

2014-07-01

470

30 CFR 77.200 - Surface installations; general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS, SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Surface Installations § 77.200 Surface installations; general. All mine...

2012-07-01

471

Safety Standards for Projectors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The safety of projectors and related viewing devices for school, home, and business use is of paramount importance. The Advisory Committee on Safety (ACOS) of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has established a working group to consider the problem of projector safety and to make recommendations for safety standards. (CMV)

Wyman, Raymond

1979-01-01

472

Nuclear Powerplant Safety: Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powerplant systems and procedures that ensure the day-to-day health and safety of people in and around the plant is referred to as operational safety. This safety is the result of careful planning, good engineering and design, strict licensing and regulation, and environmental monitoring. Procedures that assure operational safety at nuclear…

Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Nuclear Energy Office.

473

Radiation Safety September 2013  

E-print Network

Radiation Safety Manual September 2013 Office of Environment, Health & Safety #12;RADIATION SAFETY of ionizing radiation as a valuable tool to extend fundamental knowledge. These activities are an important of radiation-producing machines and radioactive materials attests to the success of its radiation safety

California at Irvine, University of

474

Radiation Safety Program Annual Review  

E-print Network

.................................................................................................3 MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT OF THE RADIATION SAFETY/LASER SAFETY PROGRAMS .............3 LICENSE RENEWAL SAFETY/LASER SAFETY PROGRAM OVERVIEW.......................................................4 RADIATION for Radiation Producing Machines (RPM) Expires 8/31/2011 MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT OF THE RADIATION SAFETY/LASER

Lyubomirsky, Ilya

475

77 FR 39745 - General Aviation Search and Rescue  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD General Aviation Search and Rescue The National Transportation...day forum focused on general aviation search and rescue operations on July 17 and 18...of a general aviation airplane, inland searches for the aircraft are conducted by...

2012-07-05

476

Safety of Nanoparticles in Medicine.  

PubMed

Nanomedicine involves the use of nanoparticles for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes. During the past two decades, a growing number of nanomedicines have received regulatory approval and many more show promise for future clinical translation. In this context, it is important to evaluate the safety of nanoparticles in order to achieve biocompatibility and desired activity. However, it is unwarranted to make generalized statements regarding the safety of nanoparticles, since the field of nanomedicine comprises a multitude of different manufactured nanoparticles made from various materials. Indeed, several nanotherapeutics that are currently approved, such as Doxil and Abraxane, exhibit fewer side effects than their small molecule counterparts, while other nanoparticles (e.g. metallic and carbon-based particles) tend to display toxicity. However, the hazardous nature of certain nanomedicines could be exploited for the ablation of diseased tissue, if selective targeting can be achieved. This review discusses the mechanisms for molecular, cellular, organ, and immune system toxicity, which can be observed with a subset of nanoparticles. Strategies for improving the safety of nanoparticles by surface modification and pretreatment with immunomodulators are also discussed. Additionally, important considerations for nanoparticle safety assessment are reviewed. In regards to clinical application, stricter regulations for the approval of nanomedicines might not be required. Rather, safety evaluation assays should be adjusted to be more appropriate for engineered nanoparticles. PMID:25090989

Wolfram, Joy; Zhu, Motao; Yang, Yong; Shen, Jianliang; Gentile, Emanuela; Paolino, Donatella; Fresta, Massimo; Nie, Guangjun; Chen, Chunying; Shen, Haifa; Ferrari, Mauro; Zhao, Yuliang

2014-08-01

477

RRS James Clark Ross Cabin Safety and Information Booklet  

E-print Network

.pdf Anti social behaviour http://net.nerc.ac.uk/policy/notices/sn/sn03-02.asp Alcohol and Drug Policy http Signals 1 Safety Brief and familiarisation 2 Fire 3 Safety awareness 4 ** Electrical Appliances 5 Smoking of Individuals 14 Section 2 ­ General Domestic Issues General 15 Anti social behaviour 16 ** Medical 17 Garbage

Matthews, Adrian

478

Food Safety and Risk Perception in a Changing World  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of food risk perceptions of German consumers over the eleven year period from 1992 to 2002. Using factor analysis, we analyse the respondents general risk attitudes and the specific perception of food safety risks. General risk attitude are described by variables relating to environmental, lifestyle and food risks. Food safety concerns are grouped into concern

Jutta Roosen; Kristin Hansen; Silke Thiele

2004-01-01

479

Launch Services Safety Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA/KSC Launch Services Division Safety (SA-D) services include: (1) Assessing the safety of the launch vehicle (2) Assessing the safety of NASA ELV spacecraft (S/C) / launch vehicle (LV) interfaces (3) Assessing the safety of spacecraft processing to ensure resource protection of: - KSC facilities - KSC VAFB facilities - KSC controlled property - Other NASA assets (4) NASA personnel safety (5) Interfacing with payload organizations to review spacecraft for adequate safety implementation and compliance for integrated activities (6) Assisting in the integration of safety activities between the payload, launch vehicle, and processing facilities

Loftin, Charles E.

2008-01-01

480

Ground Safety Issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the history of humankind, every space adventure, great or small, has begun on the ground. While this seems to be stating the obvious, mission and flight hardware designers who have overlooked this fact have paid a high price, either in loss or damage to the hardware pre-launch, or in mission failure or reduction. Designers may risk not only their flight hardware, but they may also risk their lives, their co-workers lives and even the general public by not heeding safety on the ground. Their eyes may be on the stars but their feet are on the ground! This discussion applies to all forms of flight hardware from the largest rockets to the smallest spare parts.

Kirkpatrick, Paul D.

2007-01-01

481

Nuclear health and safety  

SciTech Connect

There has been concern over the Department of Energy's (DOE) dual role of producing nuclear weapons and assessing the potential health hazards associated with operating its facilities has raised questions about DOE's ability to effectively manage its health and health effects (epidemiology) research programs. In March 1990, the secrecy of Energy announced several initiatives to address these concerns. These initiatives include, among others, the development of an occupational health and epidemiology program, the transfer of long-term health effects' studies to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the establishment of an advisory committee to oversee DOE's environmental, safety, and health activities, and the design of a data base to store and retrieve health data. This paper provides a brief description of DOE's initiatives, including their status as of December 1990 and general observations of these initiatives.

Glenn, J.

1991-02-01

482

49 CFR 385.315 - Where will the safety audit be conducted?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Where will the safety audit be conducted? 385.315 Section...FITNESS PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety Assurance Program § 385.315 Where will the safety audit be conducted? The safety audit will generally be conducted at...

2010-10-01

483

TWRS safety program plan  

SciTech Connect

Management of Nuclear Safety, Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, and Fire Protection programs, functions, and field support resources for Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS) has, until recently, been centralized in TWRS Safety, under the Emergency, Safety, and Quality organization. Industrial hygiene technician services were also provided to support operational needs related to safety basis compliance. Due to WHC decentralization of safety and reengineering efforts in West Tank Farms, staffing and safety responsibilities have been transferred to the facilities. Under the new structure, safety personnel for TWRS are assigned directly to East Tank Farms, West Tank Farms, and a core Safety Group in TWRS Engineering. The Characterization Project Operations (CPO) safety organization will remain in tact as it currently exists. Personnel assigned to East Tank Farms, West Tank Farms, and CPO will perform facility-specific or project-specific duties and provide field implementation of programs. Those assigned to the core group will focus on activities having a TWRS-wide or programmatic focus. Hanford-wide activities will be the responsibility of the Safety Center of Expertise. In order to ensure an effective and consistent safety program for TWRS under the new organization program functions, goals, organizational structure, roles, responsibilities, and path forward must be clearly established. The purpose of the TWRS Safety Program Plan is to define the overall safety program, responsibilities, relationships, and communication linkages for safety personnel under the new structure. In addition, issues associated with reorganization transition are addressed, including training, project ownership, records management, and dissemination of equipment. For the purpose of this document ``TWRS Safety`` refers to all safety professionals and technicians (Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, Fire Protection, and Nuclear Safety) within the TWRS organization, regardless of their location in the organization.

Calderon, L.M., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-08-01

484

UTSI Safety Manual Reference to corresponding UT System Safety Policies  

E-print Network

Safety SA0500 Laser Safety SA0600 Reporting Safety and Health Concerns SA0700 Safety and Environmental1 UTSI Safety Manual Reference to corresponding UT System Safety Policies: www.utk.edu/administration/ Under OFFICE MANAGEMENT, link to Safety under Policies and Procedures On the left side, link

Davis, Lloyd M.

485

Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility Appendix A: Safety Requirements  

SciTech Connect

These rules apply to all LLNL employees, non-LLNL employees (including contract labor, supplemental labor, vendors, personnel matrixed/assigned from other National Laboratories, participating guests, visitors and students) and construction contractors/subcontractors. The General Safety and Health rules shall be used by management to promote accident prevention through indoctrination, safety and health training and on-the-job application. As a condition for contracts award, all contractors and subcontractors and their employees must certify on Form S & H A-1 that they have read and understand, or have been briefed and understand, the National Ignition Facility OCIP Project General Safety Rules.

Cerruti, S.J.

1997-01-14

486

Chemical process safety at fuel cycle facilities  

SciTech Connect

This NUREG provides broad guidance on chemical safety issues relevant to fuel cycle facilities. It describes an approach acceptable to the NRC staff, with examples that are not exhaustive, for addressing chemical process safety in the safe storage, handling, and processing of licensed nuclear material. It expounds to license holders and applicants a general philosophy of the role of chemical process safety with respect to NRC-licensed materials; sets forth the basic information needed to properly evaluate chemical process safety; and describes plausible methods of identifying and evaluating chemical hazards and assessing the adequacy of the chemical safety of the proposed equipment and facilities. Examples of equipment and methods commonly used to prevent and/or mitigate the consequences of chemical incidents are discussed in this document.

Ayres, D.A.

1997-08-01

487

Good housekeeping: Safety and order in the scientific laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory safety might not seem, at first, to be very profoundly related to scientific knowledge. Of course safety is a relatively trivial issue in many scientific settings, especially in comparison to the kind of safety concerns found, say, at a construction site or a chemical plant. However, as scientific work has come to involve more exotic chemicals, biological organisms, and forms of radiation, and generally become more industrial in character, safety has become more of a concern. This has occurred alongside a general expansion of government regulation of workplace safety during the 20thc entury, and a recent trend toward extending work lace safety efforts to new kinds of work, including administrative and professional tasks. As a result of these trends, scientists find that they are increasingly being held responsible for following safety regulations in their re{approx}earc

Sims, B. H. (Benjamin H.)

2002-01-01

488

Health professionals responding to men for safety (HERMES): feasibility of a general practice training intervention to improve the response to male patients who have experienced or perpetrated domestic violence and abuse.  

PubMed

Aim To evaluate a training intervention for general practice-based doctors and nurses in terms of the identification, documentation, and referral of male patients experiencing or perpetrating domestic violence and abuse (DVA) in four general practices in the south west of England. PMID:25248144

Williamson, Emma; Jones, Sue K; Ferrari, Giulia; Debbonaire, Thangam; Feder, Gene; Hester, Marianne

2014-09-23

489

General aviation technology assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The existing problem areas in general aviation were investigated in order to identify those which can benefit from technological payoffs. The emphasis was placed on acceptance by the pilot/passenger in areas such as performance, safety, handling qualities, ride quality, etc. Inputs were obtained from three sectors: industry; government; and user, although slanted toward the user group. The results should only be considered preliminary due to the small sample sizes of the data. Trends are evident however and a general methodology for allocating effort in future programs is proposed.

Jacobson, I. D.

1975-01-01

490

Operation TINDERBOX. Onsite radiological safety report,October 1979-September 1980  

SciTech Connect

TINDERBOX was the name assigned to the series of underground nuclear experiments conducted at the Nevada Test Site from October 1, 1979 to September 30, 1980. Remote radiation measurements were taken during and after each nuclear experiment by a telemetry system. Monitors with portable radiation detection instruments surveyed reentry routes into ground zeroes before other planned entries were made. Continuous surveillance was provided while personnel were in radiation areas and appropriate precautions were taken to protect persons from unnecessary exposure to radiation and toxic gases. Protective clothing and equipment were issued as needed. Complete radiological safety and industrial hygiene coverage was provided during drilling and mineback operations. Telemetered and portable radiation detector measurements are listed. Detection instrumentation used is described and specific operational procedures are defined.

Mullen, O.W.; Eubank, B.F.

1981-04-01

491

Safety procedures for the MFTF sustaining-neutral-beam power supply  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mirror fusion test facility sustaining neutral beam power supply comprises a number of sources of potentially hazardous electrical energy in a small physical area. Power is handled at 80 kV dc, 10 A. Power for these systems is furnished from two separate 480 V distribution systems and a 13.8 kV distribution system. a defense in depth approach is used; interlocks are provided in the hardware to make it difficult to gain access to an energized circuit, and the operating procedure includes precautions which would protect personnel even if no interlocks were working. The complexity of the system implies a complex operating procedure, and this potential complexity is controlled by presenting the procedure in a modular form using 37 separate checklists for specific operations. The checklists are presented in flowchart form, so contingencies can be handled at the lowest possible level without compromising safety.

Wilson, J. W.

1981-10-01

492

Stacked generalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

: This paper introduces stacked generalization, a scheme for minimizing the generalizationerror rate of one or more generalizers. Stacked generalization works by deducing the biases of thegeneralizer(s) with respect to a provided learning set. This deduction proceeds by generalizing ina second space whose inputs are (for example) the guesses of the original generalizers when taughtwith part of the learning set

David H. Wolpert

1992-01-01

493

Criticality safety basics, a study guide  

SciTech Connect

This document is a self-study and classroom guide, for criticality safety of activities with fissile materials outside nuclear reactors. This guide provides a basic overview of criticality safety and criticality accident prevention methods divided into three parts: theory, application, and history. Except for topic emphasis, theory and history information is general, while application information is specific to the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). Information presented here should be useful to personnel who must know criticality safety basics to perform their assignments safely or to design critically safe equipment or operations. However, the guide's primary target audience is fissile material handler candidates.

V. L. Putman

1999-09-01

494

SNTP environmental, safety, and health  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Viewgraphs on space nuclear thermal propulsion (SNTP) environmental, safety, and health are presented. Topics covered include: program safety policy; program safety policies; and DEIS public hearing comments.

Harmon, Charles D.

1993-01-01

495

Occupational Health and Safety Manual  

E-print Network

Occupational Health and Safety Manual #12;1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 York University Occupational Health and Safety Policy and Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Occupational Health and Safety Legislation

496

Chemical Hygiene and Safety Plan  

E-print Network

Respirator Use • Laser Safety • Forklift Safety • Incidentallasers, microwave sources, radioactive CORROSIVE ELECTRICAL WEAR SAFETYLASER BEAM - IN BLACK LETTERS ON YELLOW FIELD, EMED CO. EA SIGN, SAFETY,

Ricks Editor, R.

2009-01-01

497

Traffic Safety Culture Center for Transportation Safety  

E-print Network

respondents believe that texting while driving (85 percent) and cell phone use (81 percent) have become bigger in Texas is 34 percent. Supporters of a law to ban cell phone use while driving outnumber opponentsThe Texas Traffic Safety Culture Survey Center for Transportation Safety November 2010

498

Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety  

E-print Network

Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain medical conditions such as pacemakers, magnetic implants, or embedded shrapnel. In addition, high magnetic

McQuade, D. Tyler

499

Construction safety program for the National Ignition Facility, Appendix A  

SciTech Connect

Topics covered in this appendix include: General Rules-Code of Safe Practices; 2. Personal Protective Equipment; Hazardous Material Control; Traffic Control; Fire Prevention; Sanitation and First Aid; Confined Space Safety Requirements; Ladders and Stairways; Scaffolding and Lift Safety; Machinery, Vehicles, and Heavy Equipment; Welding and Cutting-General; Arc Welding; Oxygen/Acetylene Welding and Cutting; Excavation, Trenching, and Shoring; Fall Protection; Steel Erection; Working With Asbestos; Radiation Safety; Hand Tools; Electrical Safety; Nonelectrical Work Performed Near Exposed High-Voltage Power-Distribution Equipment; Lockout/Tagout Requirements; Rigging; A-Cranes; Housekeeping; Material Handling and Storage; Lead; Concrete and Masonry Construction.

Cerruti, S.J.

1997-06-26

500

Hazmat Safety Community  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website created by the US Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, provides information on hazardous materials, regulations, safety advisory notices, training, as well as additional information.

US Department of Transportation (US Department of Transportation)

2012-01-05