Sample records for generation advanced video

  1. Advanced Video Guidance Sensor and Next Generation Autonomous Docking Sensors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Granade, Stephen R.

    2004-01-01

    In recent decades, NASA's interest in spacecraft rendezvous and proximity operations has grown. Additional instrumentation is needed to improve manned docking operations' safety, as well as to enable telerobotic operation of spacecraft or completely autonomous rendezvous and docking. To address this need, Advanced Optical Systems, Inc., Orbital Sciences Corporation, and Marshall Space Flight Center have developed the Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS) under the auspices of the Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology (DART) program. Given a cooperative target comprising several retro-reflectors, AVGS provides six-degree-of-freedom information at ranges of up to 300 meters for the DART target. It does so by imaging the target, then performing pattern recognition on the resulting image. Longer range operation is possible through different target geometries. Now that AVGS is being readied for its test flight in 2004, the question is: what next? Modifications can be made to AVGS, including different pattern recognition algorithms and changes to the retro-reflector targets, to make it more robust and accurate. AVGS could be coupled with other space-qualified sensors, such as a laser range-and-bearing finder, that would operate at longer ranges. Different target configurations, including the use of active targets, could result in significant miniaturization over the current AVGS package. We will discuss these and other possibilities for a next-generation docking sensor or sensor suite that involve AVGS.

  2. Next Generation Advanced Video Guidance Sensor: Low Risk Rendezvous and Docking Sensor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Jimmy; Carrington, Connie; Spencer, Susan; Bryan, Thomas; Howard, Ricky T.; Johnson, Jimmie

    2008-01-01

    The Next Generation Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (NGAVGS) is being built and tested at MSFC. This paper provides an overview of current work on the NGAVGS, a summary of the video guidance heritage, and the AVGS performance on the Orbital Express mission. This paper also provides a discussion of applications to ISS cargo delivery vehicles, CEV, and future lunar applications.

  3. The Next Generation Advanced Video Guidance Sensor: Flight Heritage and Current Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard T. Howard; Thomas C. Bryan

    2009-01-01

    The Next Generation Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (NGAVGS) is the latest in a line of sensors that have flown four times in the last 10 years. The NGAVGS has been under development for the last two years as a long-range proximity operations and docking sensor for use in an Automated Rendezvous and Docking (AR&D) system. The first autonomous rendezvous and

  4. The Next Generation Advanced Video Guidance Sensor: Flight Heritage and Current Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Howard, Richard T.; Bryan, Thomas C.

    2009-03-01

    The Next Generation Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (NGAVGS) is the latest in a line of sensors that have flown four times in the last 10 years. The NGAVGS has been under development for the last two years as a long-range proximity operations and docking sensor for use in an Automated Rendezvous and Docking (AR&D) system. The first autonomous rendezvous and docking in the history of the U.S. Space Program was successfully accomplished by Orbital Express, using the Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS) as the primary docking sensor. That flight proved that the United States now has a mature and flight proven sensor technology for supporting Crew Exploration Vehicles (CEV) and Commercial Orbital Transport Systems (COTS) Automated Rendezvous and Docking (AR&D). NASA video sensors have worked well in the past: the AVGS used on the Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology (DART) mission operated successfully in "spot mode" out to 2 km, and the first generation rendezvous and docking sensor, the Video Guidance Sensor (VGS), was developed and successfully flown on Space Shuttle flights in 1997 and 1998.

  5. The Advanced Video Guidance Sensor: Orbital Express and the Next Generation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, Richard T.; Heaton, Andrew F.; Pinson, Robin M.; Carrington, Connie L.; Lee, James E.; Bryan, Thomas C.; Robertson, Bryan A.; Spencer, Susan H.; Johnson, Jimmie E.

    2008-01-01

    The Orbital Express (OE) mission performed the first autonomous rendezvous and docking in the history of the United States on May 5-6, 2007 with the Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS) acting as one of the primary docking sensors. Since that event, the OE spacecraft performed four more rendezvous and docking maneuvers, each time using the AVGS as one of the docking sensors. The Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC's) AVGS is a nearfield proximity operations sensor that was integrated into the Autonomous Rendezvous and Capture Sensor System (ARCSS) on OE. The ARCSS provided the relative state knowledge to allow the OE spacecraft to rendezvous and dock. The AVGS is a mature sensor technology designed to support Automated Rendezvous and Docking (AR&D) operations. It is a video-based laser-illuminated sensor that can determine the relative position and attitude between itself and its target. Due to parts obsolescence, the AVGS that was flown on OE can no longer be manufactured. MSFC has been working on the next generation of AVGS for application to future Constellation missions. This paper provides an overview of the performance of the AVGS on Orbital Express and discusses the work on the Next Generation AVGS (NGAVGS).

  6. The Advanced Video Guidance Sensor: Orbital Express and the Next Generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard T. Howard; Andrew F. Heaton; Robin M. Pinson; Connie L. Carrington; James E. Lee; Thomas C. Bryan; Bryan A. Robertson; Susan H. Spencer; Jimmie E. Johnson

    2008-01-01

    The Orbital Express (OE) mission performed the first autonomous rendezvous and docking in the history of the United States on May 5-6, 2007 with the Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS) acting as one of the primary docking sensors. Since that event, the OE spacecraft performed four more rendezvous and docking maneuvers, each time using the AVGS as one of the

  7. The Advanced Video Guidance Sensor: Orbital Express and the Next Generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard T. Howard; Andrew F. Heaton; Robin M. Pinson; Connie L. Carrington; James E. Lee; Thomas C. Bryan; Bryan A. Robertson; Susan H. Spencer; Jimmie E. Johnson

    2008-01-01

    The Orbital Express (OE) mission performed the first autonomous rendezvous and docking in the history of the United States on May 5–6, 2007 with the Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS) acting as one of the primary docking sensors. Since that event, the OE spacecraft performed four more rendezvous and docking maneuvers, each time using the AVGS as one of the

  8. Advanced Transportation Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

    This video provides an overview of the Center for Transportation Technologies and Systems and its research on alternative fuel vehicles and why they have less impact than current fossil fuel-burning cars on the environment.

  9. Video Manga : generating semantically meaningful video summaries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shingo Uchihashi; Jonathan Foote; Andreas Girgensohn; John S. Boreczky

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents methods for automatically creating pictorial video summaries that resemble comic books. The relative importance of video segments is computed from their length and novelty. Image and audio analysis is used to automatically detect and emphasize meaningful events. Based on this importance measure, we choose relevant keyframes. Selected keyframes are sized by importance, and then efficiently packed into

  10. EXTRACTION OF HIGH-LEVEL VIDEO CONTENT FOR ADVANCED VIDEO APPLICATIONS

    E-print Network

    Amer, Aishy

    , video surveil- lance and video delivery over mobile terminals. Commen- tators predict that video, video surveillance. 1. INTRODUCTION AND RELATED WORK Because of the ever-increasing needs for videoEXTRACTION OF HIGH-LEVEL VIDEO CONTENT FOR ADVANCED VIDEO APPLICATIONS Aishy Amer Concordia

  11. Naval threat countermeasure simulator and the IR_CRUISE_missiles models for the generation of infrared (IR) videos of maritime targets and background for input into advanced imaging IR seekers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taczak, Thomas M.; Dries, John W.; Gover, Robert E.; Snapp, Mary Ann; Williams, Elmer F.; Cahill, Colin P.

    2002-07-01

    A new hardware-in-the-loop modeling technique was developed at the US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for the evaluation of IR countermeasures against advanced IR imaging anti-ship cruise missiles. The research efforts involved the creation of tools to generate accurate IR imagery and synthesize video to inject in to real-world threat simulators. A validation study was conducted to verify the accuracy and limitations of the techniques that were developed.

  12. Advanced Video Guidance Sensor Development Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, Richard T.; Bryan, Thomas C.; Book, Michael L.; Johnston, Albert S.

    2004-01-01

    NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center was the driving force behind the development of the Advanced Video Guidance Sensor, an active sensor system that provides near-range sensor data as part of an automatic rendezvous and docking system. The sensor determines the relative positions and attitudes between the active sensor and the passive target at ranges up to 300 meters. The VGS uses laser diodes to illuminate retro-reflectors in the target, a solid-state camera to detect the return from the target, and image capture electronics and a digital signal processor to convert the video information into the relative positions and attitudes. This development effort has required a great deal of testing of various sorts at every phase of development, and some of the test efforts, predictions, and results will be laid out in this paper.

  13. ADVANCED MOTION COMPENSATION TECHNIQUES FOR BLOCKING ARTIFACTS REDUCTION IN 3-D VIDEO CODING SYSTEMS

    E-print Network

    Shen, Zuowei

    ADVANCED MOTION COMPENSATION TECHNIQUES FOR BLOCKING ARTIFACTS REDUCTION IN 3-D VIDEO CODING compensation model to reduce blocking artifacts in a highly scalable video coding system. Previous works have compensation (OBMC) to reduce blocking artifacts. However, both methods generate distinct side effects

  14. Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS) Development Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, Richard T.; Johnston, Albert S.; Bryan, Thomas C.; Book, Michael L.

    2004-01-01

    NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center was the driving force behind the development of the Advanced Video Guidance Sensor, an active sensor system that provides near-range sensor data as part of an automatic rendezvous and docking system. The sensor determines the relative positions and attitudes between the active sensor and the passive target at ranges up to 300 meters. The AVGS uses laser diodes to illuminate retro-reflectors in the target, a solid-state camera to detect the return from the target, and image capture electronics and a digital signal processor to convert the video information into the relative positions and attitudes. The AVGS will fly as part of the Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technologies (DART) in October, 2004. This development effort has required a great deal of testing of various sorts at every phase of development. Some of the test efforts included optical characterization of performance with the intended target, thermal vacuum testing, performance tests in long range vacuum facilities, EMI/EMC tests, and performance testing in dynamic situations. The sensor has been shown to track a target at ranges of up to 300 meters, both in vacuum and ambient conditions, to survive and operate during the thermal vacuum cycling specific to the DART mission, to handle EM1 well, and to perform well in dynamic situations.

  15. Recent advances in nondestructive evaluation made possible by novel uses of video systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Generazio, Edward R.; Roth, Don J.

    1990-01-01

    Complex materials are being developed for use in future advanced aerospace systems. High temperature materials have been targeted as a major area of materials development. The development of composites consisting of ceramic matrix and ceramic fibers or whiskers is currently being aggressively pursued internationally. These new advanced materials are difficult and costly to produce; however, their low density and high operating temperature range are needed for the next generation of advanced aerospace systems. These materials represent a challenge to the nondestructive evaluation community. Video imaging techniques not only enhance the nondestructive evaluation, but they are also required for proper evaluation of these advanced materials. Specific research examples are given, highlighting the impact that video systems have had on the nondestructive evaluation of ceramics. An image processing technique for computerized determination of grain and pore size distribution functions from microstructural images is discussed. The uses of video and computer systems for displaying, evaluating, and interpreting ultrasonic image data are presented.

  16. Issues in Voice and Video Coding Presented at ICME Panel I: Advances in Audio/Video Coding

    E-print Network

    Liebling, Michael

    Issues in Voice and Video Coding Presented at ICME Panel I: Advances in Audio/Video Coding and CCF-0917230 17/12/2011 #12;Primary Considerations in Voice and Video Coding · Rate · DistortionVoNets Lab, University of California, Santa Barbara 3 #12;Bounding the Performance of Best Known Video Codecs

  17. Orbital Express Advanced Video Guidance Sensor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, Ricky; Heaton, Andy; Pinson, Robin; Carrington, Connie

    2008-01-01

    In May 2007 the first US fully autonomous rendezvous and capture was successfully performed by DARPA's Orbital Express (OE) mission. Since then, the Boeing ASTRO spacecraft and the Ball Aerospace NEXTSat have performed multiple rendezvous and docking maneuvers to demonstrate the technologies needed for satellite servicing. MSFC's Advanced Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS) is a primary near-field proximity operations sensor integrated into ASTRO's Autonomous Rendezvous and Capture Sensor System (ARCSS), which provides relative state knowledge to the ASTRO GN&C system. This paper provides an overview of the AVGS sensor flying on Orbital Express, and a summary of the ground testing and on-orbit performance of the AVGS for OE. The AVGS is a laser-based system that is capable of providing range and bearing at midrange distances and full six degree-of-freedom (6DOF) knowledge at near fields. The sensor fires lasers at two different frequencies to illuminate the Long Range Targets (LRTs) and the Short Range Targets (SRTs) on NEXTSat. Subtraction of one image from the other image removes extraneous light sources and reflections from anything other than the corner cubes on the LRTs and SRTs. This feature has played a significant role for Orbital Express in poor lighting conditions. The very bright spots that remain in the subtracted image are processed by the target recognition algorithms and the inverse-perspective algorithms, to provide 3DOF or 6DOF relative state information. Although Orbital Express has configured the ASTRO ARCSS system to only use AVGS at ranges of 120 m or less, some OE scenarios have provided opportunities for AVGS to acquire and track NEXTSat at greater distances. Orbital Express scenarios to date that have utilized AVGS include a berthing operation performed by the ASTRO robotic arm, sensor checkout maneuvers performed by the ASTRO robotic arm, 10-m unmated operations, 30-m unmated operations, and Scenario 3-1 anomaly recovery. The AVGS performed very well during the pre-unmated operations, effectively tracking beyond its 10-degree Pitch and Yaw limit-specifications, and did not require I-LOAD adjustments before unmated operations. AVGS provided excellent performance in the 10-m unmated operations, effectively tracking and maintaining lock for the duration of this scenario, and showing good agreement between the short and long range targets. During the 30-m unmated operations, the AVGS continuously tracked the SRT to 31.6 m, exceeding expectations, and continuously tracked the LRT from 8.8 m out to 31.6 m, with good agreement between these two target solutions. After this scenario was aborted at a 10-m separation during remate operations, the AVGS tracked the LRT out 54.3 m, until the relative attitude between the vehicles was too large. The vehicles remained apart for eight days, at ranges from 1 km to 6 km. During the approach to remate in this recovery operation, the AVGS began tracking the LRT at 150 m, well beyond the OE planned limits for AVGS ranges, and functioned as the primary sensor for the autonomous rendezvous and docking.

  18. Realistic generation of natural phenomena based on video synthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Changbo; Quan, Hongyan; Li, Chenhui; Xiao, Zhao; Chen, Xiao; Li, Peng; Shen, Liuwei

    2009-10-01

    Research on the generation of natural phenomena has many applications in special effects of movie, battlefield simulation and virtual reality, etc. Based on video synthesis technique, a new approach is proposed for the synthesis of natural phenomena, including flowing water and fire flame. From the fire and flow video, the seamless video of arbitrary length is generated. Then, the interaction between wind and fire flame is achieved through the skeleton of flame. Later, the flow is also synthesized by extending the video textures using an edge resample method. Finally, we can integrate the synthesized natural phenomena into a virtual scene.

  19. Secure advanced video coding based on selective encryption algorithms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shiguo Lian; Zhongxuan Liu; Zhen Ren; Haila Wang

    2006-01-01

    Advanced video coding is recently announced and widely used, although the according protection means have not been developed thoroughly. In this paper, a secure AVC coding scheme is presented based on some partial encryption algorithms. During AVC encoding, such sensitive data as intra-prediction mode, residue data and motion vector are encrypted partially. Among them, the infra-prediction mode is encrypted based

  20. Advanced video technologies for nuclear safeguards

    SciTech Connect

    Jung, S.; Chare, P.; Wagner, H. [Commission of the European Communities, Luxembourg (Luxembourg). Safeguards Directorate; Rodriguez, C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Although containment and surveillance systems designed for nuclear safeguards use have greatly improved from advances in computer, sensor, and microprocessor technologies, the authors recognize the need to continue the advancement of these systems to provide more efficient solutions for safeguards applications of the future. The benefits to be gained from the use of new, more efficient technologies are becoming evident as safeguards activities are increasing worldwide while funding of these activities becomes increasingly competitive. The EURATOM Safeguards Directorate, along with Los Alamos National Laboratory, are developing and testing advanced surveillance methods coupled with the use of the most modern computer and networking systems to provide more reliable and efficient solutions for the surveillance applications of the future.

  1. Generating Natural Language Description of Human Behavior from Video Images

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atsuhiro Kojimat; Masao Izumit; Takeshi Tamurat; Kunio Fukunagat

    2000-01-01

    In visual surveillance applications, it is becoming popular to perceive video images and to interpret them using natural language concepts. We propose an approach to generating a natural language description of human behavior appearing in real video images. First, a head region of a human, on behalf of the whole body, is extracted from each frame. Using a model based

  2. Advanced downhole periodic seismic generator

    DOEpatents

    Hardee, Harry C. (Albuquerque, NM); Hills, Richard G. (Las Cruces, NM); Striker, Richard P. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1991-07-16

    An advanced downhole periodic seismic generator system for transmitting variable frequency, predominantly shear-wave vibration into earth strata surrounding a borehole. The system comprises a unitary housing operably connected to a well head by support and electrical cabling and contains clamping apparatus for selectively clamping the housing to the walls of the borehole. The system further comprises a variable speed pneumatic oscillator and a self-contained pneumatic reservoir for producing a frequency-swept seismic output over a discrete frequency range.

  3. Video-Based Point Cloud Generation Using Multiple Action Cameras

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teo, T.

    2015-05-01

    Due to the development of action cameras, the use of video technology for collecting geo-spatial data becomes an important trend. The objective of this study is to compare the image-mode and video-mode of multiple action cameras for 3D point clouds generation. Frame images are acquired from discrete camera stations while videos are taken from continuous trajectories. The proposed method includes five major parts: (1) camera calibration, (2) video conversion and alignment, (3) orientation modelling, (4) dense matching, and (5) evaluation. As the action cameras usually have large FOV in wide viewing mode, camera calibration plays an important role to calibrate the effect of lens distortion before image matching. Once the camera has been calibrated, the author use these action cameras to take video in an indoor environment. The videos are further converted into multiple frame images based on the frame rates. In order to overcome the time synchronous issues in between videos from different viewpoints, an additional timer APP is used to determine the time shift factor between cameras in time alignment. A structure form motion (SfM) technique is utilized to obtain the image orientations. Then, semi-global matching (SGM) algorithm is adopted to obtain dense 3D point clouds. The preliminary results indicated that the 3D points from 4K video are similar to 12MP images, but the data acquisition performance of 4K video is more efficient than 12MP digital images.

  4. Robust video watermarking scheme using computer generated holographic technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jianzhong

    2013-06-01

    A novel blind video watermarking scheme offering a low computational complexity is presented in which the computer generated holograms are used as the watermarks. In the scheme, the original video is divided into nonoverlapping groups of pictures (GOPs). A quantization method is used to insert the mark hologram into the low frequency wavelet coefficients of every GOP. The extraction procedure does not need the original video. Experimental results demonstrate that the presented scheme is transparent and robust to a variety of attacks, including compression, noise addition, filtering, occlusion, cropping and temporal attacks, etc. One of the most important advantages of the suggested method is its simplicity and practicality.

  5. Human Assisted Randomness Generation Using Video Games

    E-print Network

    , and computer science in general. True random number generators need an entropy source which is a physical Random number generators have direct applications in information security, online gaming, gambling generation subsystem. In computer systems, true randomness is commonly generated by sampling a complex

  6. Teaching Bioethics via the Production of Student-Generated Videos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willmott, Christopher J. R.

    2015-01-01

    There is growing recognition that science is not conducted in a vacuum and that advances in the biosciences have ethical and social implications for the wider community. An exercise is described in which undergraduate students work in teams to produce short videos about the science and ethical dimensions of current developments in biomedicine.…

  7. Recent advances in uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Thanks to the recent improvements in video-assisted thoracoscopic techniques (VATS) and anesthetic procedures, a great deal of complex lung resections can be performed avoiding open surgery. The experience gained through VATS techniques, enhancement of the surgical instruments, improvement of high definition cameras and avoidance of intubated general anesthesia have been the greatest advances to minimize the trauma to the patient. Uniportal VATS for major resections has become a revolution in the treatment of lung pathologies since initially described 4 years ago. The huge number of surgical videos posted on specialized websites, live surgery events and experimental courses has contributed to the rapid learning of uniportal major thoracoscopic surgery during the last years. The future of the thoracic surgery is based on evolution of surgical procedures and anesthetic techniques to try to reduce the trauma to the patient. Further development of new technologies probably will focus on sealing devices for all vessels and fissure, refined staplers and instruments, improvements in 3D systems or wireless cameras, and robotic surgery. As thoracoscopic techniques continue to evolve exponentially, we can see the emergence of new approaches in the anesthetical and the perioperative management of these patients. Advances in anesthesia include lobectomies performed without the employment of general anesthesia, through maintaining spontaneous ventilation, and with minimally sedated patients. Uniportal VATS resections under spontaneous ventilation probably represent the least invasive approach to operate lung cancer. PMID:25717231

  8. Comparing Simple and Advanced Video Tools as Supports for Complex Collaborative Design Processes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zahn, Carmen; Pea, Roy; Hesse, Friedrich W.; Rosen, Joe

    2010-01-01

    Working with digital video technologies, particularly advanced video tools with editing capabilities, offers new prospects for meaningful learning through design. However, it is also possible that the additional complexity of such tools does "not" advance learning. We compared in an experiment the design processes and learning outcomes of 24…

  9. Advanced hyperspectral video imaging system using Amici prism.

    PubMed

    Feng, Jiao; Fang, Xiaojing; Cao, Xun; Ma, Chenguang; Dai, Qionghai; Zhu, Hongbo; Wang, Yongjin

    2014-08-11

    In this paper, we propose an advanced hyperspectral video imaging system (AHVIS), which consists of an objective lens, an occlusion mask, a relay lens, an Amici prism and two cameras. An RGB camera is used for spatial reading and a gray scale camera is used for measuring the scene with spectral information. The objective lens collects more light energy from the observed scene and images the scene on an occlusion mask, which subsamples the image of the observed scene. Then, the subsampled image is sent to the gray scale camera through the relay lens and the Amici prism. The Amici prism that is used to realize spectral dispersion along the optical path reduces optical distortions and offers direct view of the scene. The main advantages of the proposed system are improved light throughput and less optical distortion. Furthermore, the presented configuration is more compact, robust and practicable. PMID:25321019

  10. Advanced LMMHD space power generation concept

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vincent Ho; Albert Wong; Kilyoo Kim; Vijay Dhir

    1987-01-01

    Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) power generation concept has been proposed and studied worldwide as one of the future power generation sources. An advanced one fluid two phase liquid metal (LM) MHD power generation concept was developed for space nuclear power generation design. The concept employs a nozzle to accelerate the liquid metal coolant to an acceptable velocity with Mach number greater than

  11. In Proc. 2nd European Workshop on Advanced Video Based Surveillance Systems, AVBS01. Sept 2001. VIDEO BASED SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS: Computer Vision and Distributed Processing,

    E-print Network

    Bowden, Richard

    In Proc. 2nd European Workshop on Advanced Video Based Surveillance Systems, AVBS01. Sept 2001. VIDEO BASED SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS: Computer Vision and Distributed Processing, Kluwer Academic Publishers systems including automated visual surveillance, human-machine interface, and very low

  12. Towards a next generation open-source video codec

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bankoski, Jim; Bultje, Ronald S.; Grange, Adrian; Gu, Qunshan; Han, Jingning; Koleszar, John; Mukherjee, Debargha; Wilkins, Paul; Xu, Yaowu

    2013-02-01

    Google has recently been developing a next generation opensource video codec called VP9, as part of the experimental branch of the libvpx repository included in the WebM project (http://www.webmproject.org/). Starting from the VP8 video codec released by Google in 2010 as the baseline, a number of enhancements and new tools have been added to improve the coding efficiency. This paper provides a technical overview of the current status of this project along with comparisons and other stateoftheart video codecs H. 264/AVC and HEVC. The new tools that have been added so far include: larger prediction block sizes up to 64x64, various forms of compound INTER prediction, more modes for INTRA prediction, ?pel motion vectors and 8tap switchable subpel interpolation filters, improved motion reference generation and motion vector coding, improved entropy coding and framelevel entropy adaptation for various symbols, improved loop filtering, incorporation of Asymmetric Discrete Sine Transforms and larger 16x16 and 32x32 DCTs, frame level segmentation to group similar areas together, etc. Other tools and various bitstream features are being actively worked on as well. The VP9 bitstream is expected to be finalized by earlyto mid2013. Results show VP9 to be quite competitive in performance with mainstream stateoftheart codecs.

  13. Video coding for next-generation surveillance systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klasen, Lena M.; Fahlander, Olov

    1997-02-01

    Video is used as recording media in surveillance system and also more frequently by the Swedish Police Force. Methods for analyzing video using an image processing system have recently been introduced at the Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science, and new methods are in focus in a research project at Linkoping University, Image Coding Group. The accuracy of the result of those forensic investigations often depends on the quality of the video recordings, and one of the major problems when analyzing videos from crime scenes is the poor quality of the recordings. Enhancing poor image quality might add manipulative or subjective effects and does not seem to be the right way of getting reliable analysis results. The surveillance system in use today is mainly based on video techniques, VHS or S-VHS, and the weakest link is the video cassette recorder, (VCR). Multiplexers for selecting one of many camera outputs for recording is another problem as it often filters the video signal, and recording is limited to only one of the available cameras connected to the VCR. A way to get around the problem of poor recording is to simultaneously record all camera outputs digitally. It is also very important to build such a system bearing in mind that image processing analysis methods becomes more important as a complement to the human eye. Using one or more cameras gives a large amount of data, and the need for data compression is more than obvious. Crime scenes often involve persons or moving objects, and the available coding techniques are more or less useful. Our goal is to propose a possible system, being the best compromise with respect to what needs to be recorded, movements in the recorded scene, loss of information and resolution etc., to secure the efficient recording of the crime and enable forensic analysis. The preventative effective of having a well functioning surveillance system and well established image analysis methods is not to be neglected. Aspects of this next generation of digital surveillance systems are discussed in this paper.

  14. Advanced LMMHD space power generation concept

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ho, Vincent; Wong, Albert; Kim, Kilyoo; Dhir, Vijay

    Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) power generation concept has been proposed and studied worldwide as one of the future power generation sources. An advanced one fluid two phase liquid metal (LM) MHD power generation concept was developed for space nuclear power generation design. The concept employs a nozzle to accelerate the liquid metal coolant to an acceptable velocity with Mach number greater than unity. Such nozzle and the MHD power generator replace the turbogenerator of a high temperature Rankine turboelectric cycle concept. As a result, the power generation system contains no movable parts. This provides high reliability, which is a very important factor in space application.

  15. Synergies Between Generation-IV and Advanced

    E-print Network

    SCWR ­ improved economics with similar tech. GFR ­ actinide management LFR ­ small modular "battery Early Prototype Reactors ·Shippingport ·Dresden,Fermi-I ·Magnox Gen II Generation II Commercial Power Reactors ·LWR: PWR/BWR ·CANDU ·VVER/RBMK Gen III Generation III Advanced LWRs ·System 80+ ·EPR ·AP600 ·ABWR

  16. The H.264/MPEG4 advanced video coding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gromek, Artur

    2009-06-01

    H.264/MPEG4-AVC is the newest video coding standard recommended by International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication Standardization Section (ITU-T) and the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Expert Group (MPEG). The H.264/MPEG4-AVC has recently become leading standard for generic audiovisual services, since deployment for digital television. Nowadays is commonly used in wide range of video application ranging like mobile services, videoconferencing, IPTV, HDTV, video storage and many more. In this article, author briefly describes the technology applied in the H.264/MPEG4-AVC video coding standard, the way of real-time implementation and the way of future development.

  17. Orbital Express Advanced Video Guidance Sensor: Ground Testing, Flight Results and Comparisons

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pinson, Robin M.; Howard, Richard T.; Heaton, Andrew F.

    2008-01-01

    Orbital Express (OE) was a successful mission demonstrating automated rendezvous and docking. The 2007 mission consisted of two spacecraft, the Autonomous Space Transport Robotic Operations (ASTRO) and the Next Generation Serviceable Satellite (NEXTSat) that were designed to work together and test a variety of service operations in orbit. The Advanced Video Guidance Sensor, AVGS, was included as one of the primary proximity navigation sensors on board the ASTRO. The AVGS was one of four sensors that provided relative position and attitude between the two vehicles. Marshall Space Flight Center was responsible for the AVGS software and testing (especially the extensive ground testing), flight operations support, and analyzing the flight data. This paper briefly describes the historical mission, the data taken on-orbit, the ground testing that occurred, and finally comparisons between flight data and ground test data for two different flight regimes.

  18. ADVANCED GENERATION OF INTEROPERABILITY FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT

    E-print Network

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    ADVANCED GENERATION OF INTEROPERABILITY FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT A Program of the National Institute of Justice TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION PROJECT Technical Evaluation of the TRP-1000 and ACU-1000 -Test Procedures; the National Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S. Department of Commerce; or Aspen Systems Corporation

  19. Automated Music Video Generation Using Multi-level Feature-based Segmentation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoon, Jong-Chul; Lee, In-Kwon; Byun, Siwoo

    The expansion of the home video market has created a requirement for video editing tools to allow ordinary people to assemble videos from short clips. However, professional skills are still necessary to create a music video, which requires a stream to be synchronized with pre-composed music. Because the music and the video are pre-generated in separate environments, even a professional producer usually requires a number of trials to obtain a satisfactory synchronization, which is something that most amateurs are unable to achieve.

  20. Next Generation NASA GA Advanced Concept

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hahn, Andrew S.

    2006-01-01

    Not only is the common dream of frequent personal flight travel going unfulfilled, the current generation of General Aviation (GA) is facing tremendous challenges that threaten to relegate the Single Engine Piston (SEP) aircraft market to a footnote in the history of U.S. aviation. A case is made that this crisis stems from a generally low utility coupled to a high cost that makes the SEP aircraft of relatively low transportation value and beyond the means of many. The roots of this low value are examined in a broad sense, and a Next Generation NASA Advanced GA Concept is presented that attacks those elements addressable by synergistic aircraft design.

  1. Advanced Thermoelectric Materials for Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Caillat, Thierry; Hunag, C.-K.; Cheng, S.; Chi, S. C.; Gogna, P.; Paik, J.; Ravi, V.; Firdosy, S.; Ewell, R.

    2008-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the progress and processes involved in creating new and advanced thermoelectric materials to be used in the design of new radioiootope thermoelectric generators (RTGs). In a program with Department of Energy, NASA is working to develop the next generation of RTGs, that will provide significant benefits for deep space missions that NASA will perform. These RTG's are planned to be capable of delivering up to 17% system efficiency and over 12 W/kg specific power. The thermoelectric materials being developed are an important step in this process.

  2. Advances in Cooperative MultiSensor Video Surveillance \\Lambda Takeo Kanade, Robert T. Collins and Alan J. Lipton

    E-print Network

    Collins, Robert T.

    . Our advanced Video Under­ standing technology can automatically detect and track multiple people. Other military and law enforcement applications in­ clude providing perimeter security for troopsAdvances in Cooperative Multi­Sensor Video Surveillance \\Lambda Takeo Kanade, Robert T. Collins

  3. Teaching French Transformational Grammar by Means of Computer-Generated Video-Tapes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adler, Alfred; Thomas, Jean Jacques

    This paper describes a pilot program in an integrated media presentation of foreign languages and the production and usage of seven computer-generated video tapes which demonstrate various aspects of French syntax. This instructional set could form the basis for CAI lessons in which the student is presented images identical to those on the video

  4. ADVANCED SECOND GENERATION CERAMIC CANDLE FILTERS

    SciTech Connect

    M.A. Alvin

    2002-01-31

    Through sponsorship from the Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE/NETL), development and manufacture of advanced second generation candle filters was undertaken in the early 1990's. Efforts were primarily focused on the manufacture of fracture toughened, 1.5 m, continuous fiber ceramic composite (CFCC) and filament wound candle filters by 3M, McDermott, DuPont Lanxide Composites, and Techniweave. In order to demonstrate long-term thermal, chemical, and mechanical stability of the advanced second generation candle filter materials, Siemens Westinghouse initiated high temperature, bench-scale, corrosion testing of 3M's CVI-SiC and DuPont's PRD-66 mini-candles, and DuPont's CFCC SiC-SiC and IF&P Fibrosic{sup TM} coupons under simulated, pressurized fluidized-bed combustion (PFBC) conditions. This effort was followed by an evaluation of the mechanical and filtration performance of the advanced second generation filter elements in Siemens Westinghouse's bench-scale PFBC test facility in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Arrays of 1.4-1.5 m 3M CVI-SiC, DuPont PRD-66, DuPont SiC-SiC, and IF&P Fibrosic{sup TM} candles were subjected to steady state process operating conditions, increased severity thermal transients, and accelerated pulse cycling test campaigns which represented {approx}1760 hours of equivalent filter operating life. Siemens Westinghouse subsequently participated in early material surveillance programs which marked entry of the 3M CVI-SiC and DuPont PRD-66 candle filters in Siemens Westinghouse Advanced Particulate Filtration (APF) system at the American Electric Power (AEP) Tidd Demonstration Plant in Brilliant, Ohio. Siemens Westinghouse then conducted an extended, accelerated life, qualification program, evaluating the performance of the 3M, McDermott, and Techniweave oxide-based CFCC filter elements, modified DuPont PRD-66 elements, and the Blasch, Scapa Cerafil{sup TM}, and Specific Surface monolithic candles for use in the APF system at the Foster Wheeler pressurized circulating fluidized-bed combustion (PCFBC), pilot-scale, test facility in Karhula, Finland. This report presents a summary of these efforts, defining the stability of the various porous ceramic filter materials, as well as component performance and extended life for use in advanced coal-based power systems.

  5. Learning video browsing behavior and its application in the generation of video previews

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tanveer Fathima Syeda-Mahmood; Dulce B. Ponceleon

    2001-01-01

    With more and more streaming media servers becoming commonplace, streaming video has now become a popular medium of instruction, advertisement, and entertainment. With such prevalence comes a new challenge to the servers: Can they track browsing behavior of users to determine what interest users? Learning this information is potentially valuable not only for improved customer tracking and context-sensitive e-commerce, but

  6. VIRTUAL LIGHT: DIGITALLY-GENERATED LIGHTING FOR VIDEO CONFERENCING APPLICATIONS

    E-print Network

    Fisher, Kathleen

    the image or video frame lies on a 2D plane. Virtual lights are placed in the 3D space and illuminate the 2D light attenuation, lambertian and specular reflections. Our first scenario models a 3D space in which we operate in a 3D space in which the scene is placed on a 2D plane and virtual lights are placed

  7. Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator Life Certification Plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rusick, Jeffrey J.; Zampino, Edward

    2013-01-01

    An Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) power supply is being developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) in partnership with NASA for potential future deep space science missions. Unlike previous radioisotope power supplies for space exploration, such as the passive MMRTG used recently on the Mars Curiosity rover, the ASRG is an active dynamic power supply with moving Stirling engine mechanical components. Due to the long life requirement of 17 years and the dynamic nature of the Stirling engine, the ASRG project faced some unique challenges trying to establish full confidence that the power supply will function reliably over the mission life. These unique challenges resulted in the development of an overall life certification plan that emphasizes long-term Stirling engine test and inspection when analysis is not practical. The ASRG life certification plan developed is described.

  8. Advanced gasification-based biomass power generation

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, R.H.; Larson, E.D. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)

    1993-12-31

    A promising strategy for modernizing bioenergy is the production of electricity or the cogeneration of electricity and heat using gasified biomass with advanced conversion technologies. Major advances that have been made in coal gasification technology, to marry the gas turbine to coal, are readily adaptable to biomass applications. Integrating biomass gasifiers with aeroderivative gas turbines in particular makes it possible to achieve high efficiencies and low unit capital costs at the modest scales required for bioenergy systems. Electricity produced with biomass-integrated gasifier/gas turbine (BIG/GT) power systems not only offers major environmental benefits but also would be competitive with electricity produced from fossil fuels and nuclear energy under a wide range of circumstances. Initial applications will be with biomass residues generated in the sugarcane, pulp and paper, and other agro- and forest-product industries. Eventually, biomass grown for energy purposes on dedicated energy farms will also be used to fuel these gas turbine systems. Continuing improvements in jet engine and biomass gasification technologies will lead to further gains in the performance of BIG/GT systems over the next couple of decades. Fuel cells operated on gasified biomass offer the promise of even higher performance levels in the period beyond the turn of the century. 79 refs., 21 figs., 11 tabs.

  9. X-Ray Calibration Facility/Advanced Video Guidance Sensor Test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnston, N. A. S.; Howard, R. T.; Watson, D. W.

    2004-01-01

    The advanced video guidance sensor was tested in the X-Ray Calibration facility at Marshall Space Flight Center to establish performance during vacuum. Two sensors were tested and a timeline for each are presented. The sensor and test facility are discussed briefly. A new test stand was also developed. A table establishing sensor bias and spot size growth for several ranges is detailed along with testing anomalies.

  10. VOGUE: The MoMuSys Video Object Generator with User Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Marcotegui; P. Correia; F. Marqués; R. Mech; R. Rosa; M. Wollborn; F. Zanoguera

    1999-01-01

    The video object manipulation context set by the MPEG-4 standard hasraised a need for respective content creation tools. This demand is expectedto grow with the availability of MPEG-4 applications and devices in the marketplaceas well as with the developmentoffuture content-based standardslike MPEG-7, which is currently under development. In this paper a VideoObject Generator with User Environment#VOGUE# is described comprisingspatial and

  11. Detection of slow-motion replay segments in sports video for highlights generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Pan; P. van Beek; M. I. Sezan

    2001-01-01

    We present a novel method for generating sports video summary highlights. Specifically, our method localizes semantically important events in sport programs by detecting slow motion replays of these events, and then generates highlights of these events at multiple levels. In our method, a hidden Markov model (HMM) is used to model slow motion replays, and an inference algorithm is introduced

  12. Drinking activity analysis from fast food eating video using generative models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qing Wang; Jie Yang

    2009-01-01

    The drinking activity is a common event in a fast food eating process. In this paper, we present a study on drinking activity analysis from fast food eating video using generative models. We apply three different generative models, namely Conditional Random Field (CRF), Hidden-state Conditional Random Field (HCRF), and Latent-Dynamic Conditional Random Field (LDCRF), to characterize drinking activities in a

  13. Video decision aids to assist with advance care planning: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Ashu; Corriveau, Sophie; Quinn, Kathleen; Gardhouse, Amanda; Vegas, Daniel Brandt; You, John J

    2015-01-01

    Objective Advance care planning (ACP) can result in end-of-life care that is more congruent with patients’ values and preferences. There is increasing interest in video decision aids to assist with ACP. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of video decision aids on patients’ preferences regarding life-sustaining treatments (primary outcome). Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Data sources MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, AMED and CENTRAL, between 1980 and February 2014, and correspondence with authors. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Randomised controlled trials of adult patients that compared a video decision aid to a non-video-based intervention to assist with choices about use of life-sustaining treatments and reported at least one ACP-related outcome. Data extraction Reviewers worked independently and in pairs to screen potentially eligible articles, and to extract data regarding risk of bias, population, intervention, comparator and outcomes. Reviewers assessed quality of evidence (confidence in effect estimates) for each outcome using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework. Results 10 trials enrolling 2220 patients were included. Low-quality evidence suggests that patients who use a video decision aid are less likely to indicate a preference for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (pooled risk ratio, 0.50 (95% CI 0.27 to 0.95); I2=65%). Moderate-quality evidence suggests that video decision aids result in greater knowledge related to ACP (standardised mean difference, 0.58 (95% CI 0.38 to 0.77); I2=0%). No study reported on the congruence of end-of-life treatments with patients’ wishes. No study evaluated the effect of video decision aids when integrated into clinical care. Conclusions Video decision aids may improve some ACP-related outcomes. Before recommending their use in clinical practice, more evidence is needed to confirm these findings and to evaluate the impact of video decision aids when integrated into patient care. PMID:26109115

  14. Augmenting Advance Care Planning in Poor Prognosis Cancer with a Video Decision Aid: A Pre-Post Study

    PubMed Central

    Volandes, Angelo E.; Levin, Tomer T.; Slovin, Susan; Carvajal, Richard D.; O’Reilly, Eileen M.; Keohan, Mary Louise; Theodoulou, Maria; Dickler, Maura; Gerecitano, John F.; Morris, Michael; Epstein, Andrew S.; Naka-Blackstone, Anastazia; Walker-Corkery, Elizabeth S.; Chang, Yuchiao; Noy, Ariela

    2012-01-01

    Background We tested whether an educational video on the goals of care in advanced cancer (life-prolonging, basic or comfort care) can help patients understand these goals and impact preferences for resuscitation. Methods Survey of 80 advanced cancer patients before and after viewing the video. Outcomes included changes in goals-of-care preference and knowledge, and consistency of preferences with code status. Results Before viewing the video, 10 patients (13%) preferred life-prolonging care; 24 (30%) basic care; and 29 (36%) comfort care; 17 (21%) were unsure. Preferences did not change after the video: 9 (11%) chose life-prolonging care; 28 (35%) basic care; 29 (36%) comfort care; and, 14 (18%) were unsure (p=0.28). Compared to baseline, after the video presentation more patients did not want CPR (71 vs 61%, p=0.03) or ventilation (79 vs 67%, p=0.008). Knowledge about goals of care and likelihood of resuscitation increased post-video (p<.001). Of the patients who did not want CPR or ventilation after the video augmentation, only 4 (5%) had a documented DNR order in the medical record (kappa statistic ?0.01; 95% CI ?0.06 – 0.04). Acceptability of the video was high. Conclusion Patients with advanced cancer did not change care preferences after viewing the video, but fewer wanted CPR or ventilation. Documented code status was inconsistent with patient preferences. Patients were more knowledgeable after the video, found the video acceptable, and would recommend it to others. Video may enable visualization of “goals of care,” enriching patient understanding of worsening health states and better informing decision-making. PMID:22252775

  15. Analyzing User-Generated YouTube Videos to Understand Touchscreen Use by People with Motor Impairments

    E-print Network

    Findlater, Leah

    Analyzing User-Generated YouTube Videos to Understand Touchscreen Use by People with Motor: YouTube videos. We collected and analyzed 187 non- commercial videos uploaded to YouTube that depicted disabilities; assistive technology; YouTube; iPad; iPhone. ACM Classification Keywords H.5.m. Information

  16. Computer-generated holograms of a real three-dimensional object based on stereoscopic video images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Seung-Cheol; Hwang, Dong-Choon; Lee, Dong-Hwi; Kim, Eun-Soo

    2006-08-01

    A novel method of using stereoscopic video images to synthesize the computer-generated hologram (CGH) patterns of a real 3D object is proposed. Stereoscopic video images of a real 3D object are captured by a 3D camera system. Disparity maps between the captured stereo image pairs are estimated and from these estimated maps the depth data for each pixel of the object can be extracted on a frame basis. By using these depth data and original color images, hologram patterns of a real object can be computationally generated. In experiments, stereoscopic video images of a real 3D object, a wooden rhinoceros doll, are captured by using the Wasol 3D adapter system and its depth data are extracted from them. Then, CGH patterns of 1280 pixels × 1024 pixels are generated with these depth-annotated images of the wooden rhinoceros doll, and the CGH patterns are experimentally displayed via a holographic display system.

  17. Effects of Generative Video on Students' Scientific Problem Posing. Draft.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hickey, Daniel T.; Petrosino, Anthony

    A central premise of the discovery-learning and progressive education movements was that the child's own questions are the most appropriate starting point for instruction. Recent advances present new opportunities for discovery-oriented learning. This project has been attempting to create a classroom environment which affords students the…

  18. View generation for three-dimensional scenes from video sequences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nelson L. Chang; Avideh Zakhor

    1997-01-01

    This paper focuses on the representation andview generation of three dimensional (3-D) scenes. In contrastto existing methods that construct a full 3-D model orthose that exploit geometric invariants, our representationconsists of dense depth maps at several preselected viewpointsfrom an image sequence. Furthermore, instead ofusing multiple calibrated stationary cameras or range scanners,we derive our depth maps from image sequences capturedby an

  19. Fast generation of three-dimensional video holograms by combined use of data compression and lookup table techniques.

    PubMed

    Kim, Seung-Cheol; Yoon, Jung-Hoon; Kim, Eun-Soo

    2008-11-10

    Even though there are many types of methods to generate CGH (computer-generated hologram) patterns of three-dimensional (3D) objects, most of them have been applied to still images but not to video images due to their computational complexity in applications of 3D video holograms. A new method for fast computation of CGH patterns for 3D video images is proposed by combined use of data compression and lookup table techniques. Temporally redundant data of the 3D video images are removed with the differential pulse code modulation (DPCM) algorithm, and then the CGH patterns for these compressed videos are generated with the novel lookup table (N-LUT) technique. To confirm the feasibility of the proposed method, some experiments with test 3D videos are carried out, and the results are comparatively discussed with the conventional methods in terms of the number of object points and computation time. PMID:19002222

  20. Integrated homeland security system with passive thermal imaging and advanced video analytics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Francisco, Glen; Tillman, Jennifer; Hanna, Keith; Heubusch, Jeff; Ayers, Robert

    2007-04-01

    A complete detection, management, and control security system is absolutely essential to preempting criminal and terrorist assaults on key assets and critical infrastructure. According to Tom Ridge, former Secretary of the US Department of Homeland Security, "Voluntary efforts alone are not sufficient to provide the level of assurance Americans deserve and they must take steps to improve security." Further, it is expected that Congress will mandate private sector investment of over $20 billion in infrastructure protection between 2007 and 2015, which is incremental to funds currently being allocated to key sites by the department of Homeland Security. Nearly 500,000 individual sites have been identified by the US Department of Homeland Security as critical infrastructure sites that would suffer severe and extensive damage if a security breach should occur. In fact, one major breach in any of 7,000 critical infrastructure facilities threatens more than 10,000 people. And one major breach in any of 123 facilities-identified as "most critical" among the 500,000-threatens more than 1,000,000 people. Current visible, nightvision or near infrared imaging technology alone has limited foul-weather viewing capability, poor nighttime performance, and limited nighttime range. And many systems today yield excessive false alarms, are managed by fatigued operators, are unable to manage the voluminous data captured, or lack the ability to pinpoint where an intrusion occurred. In our 2006 paper, "Critical Infrastructure Security Confidence Through Automated Thermal Imaging", we showed how a highly effective security solution can be developed by integrating what are now available "next-generation technologies" which include: Thermal imaging for the highly effective detection of intruders in the dark of night and in challenging weather conditions at the sensor imaging level - we refer to this as the passive thermal sensor level detection building block Automated software detection for creating initial alerts - we refer to this as software level detection, the next level building block Immersive 3D visual assessment for situational awareness and to manage the reaction process - we refer to this as automated intelligent situational awareness, a third building block Wide area command and control capabilities to allow control from a remote location - we refer to this as the management and process control building block integrating together the lower level building elements. In addition, this paper describes three live installations of complete, total systems that incorporate visible and thermal cameras as well as advanced video analytics. Discussion of both system elements and design is extensive.

  1. 3rd-generation MW/LWIR sensor engine for advanced tactical systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    King, Donald F.; Graham, Jason S.; Kennedy, Adam M.; Mullins, Richard N.; McQuitty, Jeffrey C.; Radford, William A.; Kostrzewa, Thomas J.; Patten, Elizabeth A.; McEwan, Thomas F.; Vodicka, James G.; Wootan, John J.

    2008-04-01

    Raytheon has developed a 3rd-Generation FLIR Sensor Engine (3GFSE) for advanced U.S. Army systems. The sensor engine is based around a compact, productized detector-dewar assembly incorporating a 640 x 480 staring dual-band (MW/LWIR) focal plane array (FPA) and a dual-aperture coldshield mechanism. The capability to switch the coldshield aperture and operate at either of two widely-varying f/#s will enable future multi-mode tactical systems to more fully exploit the many operational advantages offered by dual-band FPAs. RVS has previously demonstrated high-performance dual-band MW/LWIR FPAs in 640 x 480 and 1280 x 720 formats with 20 ?m pitch. The 3GFSE includes compact electronics that operate the dual-band FPA and variable-aperture mechanism, and perform 14-bit analog-to-digital conversion of the FPA output video. Digital signal processing electronics perform "fixed" two-point non-uniformity correction (NUC) of the video from both bands and optional dynamic scene-based NUC; advanced enhancement processing of the output video is also supported. The dewar-electronics assembly measures approximately 4.75 x 2.25 x 1.75 inches. A compact, high-performance linear cooler and cooler electronics module provide the necessary FPA cooling over a military environmental temperature range. 3GFSE units are currently being assembled and integrated at RVS, with the first units planned for delivery to the US Army.

  2. Thermal Model Predictions of Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator Performance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Xiao-Yen J.; Fabanich, William Anthony; Schmitz, Paul C.

    2014-01-01

    This presentation describes the capabilities of three-dimensional thermal power model of advanced stirling radioisotope generator (ASRG). The performance of the ASRG is presented for different scenario, such as Venus flyby with or without the auxiliary cooling system.

  3. Coal gasification for advanced power generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew J. Minchener

    2005-01-01

    This paper provides a review of the development and deployment of coal based gasification technologies for power generation. The global status of gasification is described covering the various process and technology options. The use of gasification for power generation is then highlighted including the advantages and disadvantages of this means for coal utilisation. The R, D & D needs and

  4. SECOND GENERATION ADVANCED REBURNING FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY NOx CONTROL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vladimir M. Zamansky; Vitali V. Lissianski; Mark S. Sheldon; W. Randall Seeker; Vitaly V. Lissianski

    1999-01-01

    This project is designed to develop a family of novel NOâ control technologies, called Second Generation Advanced Reburning which has the potential to achieve 90+ NOâ control in coal fired boilers at a significantly lower cost than Selective Catalytic Reduction. The sixth reporting period in Phase II (January 1-March 31, 1999) included experimental activities and combined chemistry-mixing modeling on advanced

  5. Recent advances in RF power generation

    SciTech Connect

    Tallerico, P.J.

    1990-01-01

    This paper is a review of the progress and methods used in RF generation for particle accelerators. The frequencies of interest are from a few megahertz to 100 GHz, and the powers are for super linear collider applications, but in this case the pulses are short, generally below 1 {mu}s. The very high-power, short-pulse generators are only lightly reviewed here, and for more details the reader should follow the specialized references. Different RF generators excel over various parts of the frequency spectrum. Below 100 MHz solid-state devices and gridded tubes prevail, while the region between 400 MHz and 3 GHz, the cyclotron-resonant devices predominate, and above 250 GHz, Free-Electron Lasers and ubitrons are the most powerful generators. The emphasis for this review is on microwave generation at frequencies below 20 GHz, so the cyclotron-resonant devices are only partially reviewed, while the progress on free-electron laser and ubitrons is not reviewed in this paper. 39 refs., 4 figs.

  6. Recent advances in unstructured grid generation program VGRID3D

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parikh, Paresh; Pirzadeh, Shahyar

    1992-01-01

    A program for the generation of unstructured grids over complex configurations, VGRID3D, is described. The grid elements (triangles on the surfaces and tetrahedra in the field) are generated starting from the surface boundaries towards the interior of the computational domain using the Advancing Front Method.

  7. Moving objects extraction method in H.264/advanced video coding bit stream of a complex scene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mingsheng, Chen; Mingxin, Qin; Guangming, Liang; Jixiang, Sun; Xu, Ning

    2013-08-01

    For the purpose of extracting moving objects from H.264/advanced video coding (AVC) bit stream of a complex scene, an algorithm based on maximum a posteriori Markov random field (MRF) framework to extract moving objects directly from H.264 compressed video is proposed in this paper. It mainly involves encoding information of motion vectors (MVs) and block partition modes in H.264/AVC bit stream and utilizes temporal continuity and spatial consistency of moving object's pieces. First, it retrieves MVs and block partition modes of identical 4×4 pixel blocks in P frames and establishes Gaussian mixture model (GMM) of the phase of MVs as a reference background, and then creates MRF model based on MVs, block partition modes, the GMM of the background, spatial, and temporal consistency. The moving objects are retrieved by solving the MRF model. The experimental results show that it can perform robustly in a complex environment and the precision and recall have been improved over the existing algorithm.

  8. Creating a YouTube-Like Collaborative Environment in Mathematics: Integrating Animated Geogebra Constructions and Student-Generated Screencast Videos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazarus, Jill; Roulet, Geoffrey

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the integration of student-generated GeoGebra applets and Jing screencast videos to create a YouTube-like medium for sharing in mathematics. The value of combining dynamic mathematics software and screencast videos for facilitating communication and representations in a digital era is demonstrated herein. We share our…

  9. Content-adaptive mode-dependent filtering algorithm for H.264/advanced video coding intra prediction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Kibaek; Jeon, Gwanggil; Jeong, Jechang

    2012-11-01

    In H.264/advanced video coding (AVC), low-pass filtering is performed on neighboring coded pixels before intra prediction is applied to reduce the effect of quantization errors. However, reducing the effect of quantization errors by conventional methods is difficult in some areas, depending on the image characteristics. To alleviate this issue, we need to consider the prediction direction. We propose a mode-dependent filtering technique to reduce the effect of quantization errors. Our method has a threshold to adaptively choose between the conventional and proposed methods to reduce the number of flag bits that are sent to the decoder. The method is compared with other benchmark methods in terms of their average bit-saving and peak signal-to-noise ratio. Simulation results show that the average bit-rate reduction is about 1.222% in test sequences.

  10. Video Feedback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonassen, David H.

    1974-01-01

    Author states that participation in TV becomes video feedback to teachers and parents. If radical approaches to TV become the norm, video will be the content of a new awareness that is being generated by this new visual culture. (Author)

  11. Advanced instrumentation for next-generation aerospace propulsion control systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barkhoudarian, S.; Cross, G. S.; Lorenzo, Carl F.

    1993-01-01

    New control concepts for the next generation of advanced air-breathing and rocket engines and hypersonic combined-cycle propulsion systems are analyzed. The analysis provides a database on the instrumentation technologies for advanced control systems and cross matches the available technologies for each type of engine to the control needs and applications of the other two types of engines. Measurement technologies that are considered to be ready for implementation include optical surface temperature sensors, an isotope wear detector, a brushless torquemeter, a fiberoptic deflectometer, an optical absorption leak detector, the nonintrusive speed sensor, and an ultrasonic triducer. It is concluded that all 30 advanced instrumentation technologies considered can be recommended for further development to meet need of the next generation of jet-, rocket-, and hypersonic-engine control systems.

  12. Carpet Specifiers Guide. Ultron, Advanced Generation Nylon Carpet Fiber.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monsanto Textiles Co., Atlanta, GA.

    The purpose of this guide is to assist specifiers in properly specifying carpet made of Monsanto Ultron advanced generation nylon fiber. The guide describes a variety of conditions that should be considered in arriving at the proper selection and provides reference information and data, ranging from varying regulatory requirements, performance and…

  13. Synchronous-digitization for video rate polarization modulated beam scanning second harmonic generation microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sullivan, Shane Z.; DeWalt, Emma L.; Schmitt, Paul D.; Muir, Ryan D.; Simpson, Garth J.

    2015-03-01

    Fast beam-scanning non-linear optical microscopy, coupled with fast (8 MHz) polarization modulation and analytical modeling have enabled simultaneous nonlinear optical Stokes ellipsometry (NOSE) and linear Stokes ellipsometry imaging at video rate (15 Hz). NOSE enables recovery of the complex-valued Jones tensor that describes the polarization-dependent observables, in contrast to polarimetry, in which the polarization stated of the exciting beam is recorded. Each data acquisition consists of 30 images (10 for each detector, with three detectors operating in parallel), each of which corresponds to polarization-dependent results. Processing of this image set by linear fitting contracts down each set of 10 images to a set of 5 parameters for each detector in second harmonic generation (SHG) and three parameters for the transmittance of the fundamental laser beam. Using these parameters, it is possible to recover the Jones tensor elements of the sample at video rate. Video rate imaging is enabled by performing synchronous digitization (SD), in which a PCIe digital oscilloscope card is synchronized to the laser (the laser is the master clock.) Fast polarization modulation was achieved by modulating an electro-optic modulator synchronously with the laser and digitizer, with a simple sine-wave at 1/10th the period of the laser, producing a repeating pattern of 10 polarization states. This approach was validated using Z-cut quartz, and NOSE microscopy was performed for micro-crystals of naproxen.

  14. Imaging morphodynamics of human blood cells in vivo with video-rate third harmonic generation microscopy

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Chien-Kuo; Liu, Tzu-Ming

    2012-01-01

    With a video-rate third harmonic generation (THG) microscopy system, we imaged the micro-circulation beneath the human skin without labeling. Not only the speed of circulation but also the morpho-hydrodynamics of blood cells can be analyzed. Lacking of nuclei, red blood cells (RBCs) shows typical parachute-like and hollow-core morphology under THG microscopy. Quite different from RBCs, every now and then, round and granule rich blood cells with strong THG contrast appear in circulation. The corresponding volume densities in blood, evaluated from their frequencies of appearance and the velocity of circulation, fall within the physiological range of human white blood cell counts. PMID:23162724

  15. Fabrication of Advanced Thermoelectric Materials by Hierarchical Nanovoid Generation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Choi, Sang Hyouk (Inventor); Park, Yeonjoon (Inventor); Chu, Sang-Hyon (Inventor); Elliott, James R. (Inventor); King, Glen C. (Inventor); Kim, Jae-Woo (Inventor); Lillehei, Peter T. (Inventor); Stoakley, Diane M. (Inventor)

    2011-01-01

    A novel method to prepare an advanced thermoelectric material has hierarchical structures embedded with nanometer-sized voids which are key to enhancement of the thermoelectric performance. Solution-based thin film deposition technique enables preparation of stable film of thermoelectric material and void generator (voigen). A subsequent thermal process creates hierarchical nanovoid structure inside the thermoelectric material. Potential application areas of this advanced thermoelectric material with nanovoid structure are commercial applications (electronics cooling), medical and scientific applications (biological analysis device, medical imaging systems), telecommunications, and defense and military applications (night vision equipments).

  16. Design and implementation of integration of Geographical Information System and second-generation Video Svurveillance System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Wenjing

    In this article the integration of GIS system and video surveillance system(VVS) is designed by introducing new video surveillance modules to old GIS,so that all camera icons are showed in the GIS layer,which can call all videos on GIS map platform and provide more intuitive informations to users. The video surveillance system management is more easy and intuitive.

  17. Characterization of the MPEG2 video traffic generated by DVD applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Agnieszka CHODOREK; Robert R. CHODOREK

    2000-01-01

    There is growing interest in applications using video information, as for example real-time full-motion video or VoD systems. Many modern applications use MPEG standard for video signal coding. Nowadays, the standard becomes the most frequently used compression method for storing (DVD, CD-video, etc.) and transmitting multimedia data. We present characterization of high quality MPEG-2 video, stored on DVD disc. We

  18. Automatic detection of anomalous behavioural events for advanced real-time video surveillance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Mecocci; M. Pannozzo; A. Fumarola

    2003-01-01

    This paper introduces the architecture and the implementation details, of an automatic real-time video surveillance system, capable of autonomously detecting anomalous behavioural events. Today video surveillance systems show two main drawbacks, namely: they are not flexible in adapting to different operative scenarios (they only work in a well known and structured world); they generally need the assistance of a human

  19. 3D model generation using unconstrained motion of a hand-held video camera

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baker, C.; Debrunner, C.; Whitehorn, M.

    2006-02-01

    We have developed a shape and structure capture system which constructs accurate, realistic 3D models from video imagery taken with a single freely moving handheld camera. Using an inexpensive off the shelf acquisition system such as a hand-held video camera, we demonstrate the feasibility of fast and accurate generation of these 3D models at a very low cost. In our approach the operator freely moves the camera within some very simple constraints. Our process identifies and tracks high interest image features and computes the relative pose of the camera based on those tracks. Using a RANSAC-like approach we solve for the camera pose and 3D structure based on a homography or essential matrix. Once we have the pose for many frames in the sequence we perform correlation-based stereo to obtain dense point clouds. After these point clouds are computed we integrate them into an octree. By replacing the points in a particular cell with statistics representing the point distribution we can efficiently store the computed model. While being efficient, the integration technique also enables filtering based on occupancy counts which eliminates many stereo outliers and results in an aesthetic viewable 3D model. In this paper we describe our approach in detail as well as show reconstructed results of a synthetic room, an empty room, a lightly furnished room, and an experimental vehicle.

  20. Content-preserving zoom-in view generation for surveillance videos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watanabe, Kenji; Nitta, Naoko; Babaguchi, Noboru

    2011-03-01

    There are several zoom-in video display methods including full-zoom and fisheye view that magnify the regions of interest (ROIs). However, those methods usually discard or deform the remaining regions without considering their content. In this paper, we propose a method for generating a content-preserving zoom-in view which magnifies ROIs and at the same time preserves the content of the remaining regions. Targeting on surveillance videos, our method firstly extracts moving objects from every input frame as ROIs. Then, the importance score is calculated for each pixel in the input frame based on its content to determine where the deformation, which may cause the destruction of the content, should be avoided. Finally, a mapping problem from the input frame to the zoom-in view with respect to the importance score is formulated to deform less important regions more than the important ones. Experiments are conducted to study the effectiveness of considering the content importance. We also compare the results of our method with those of other methods, fisheye view and a method of using uniform scaling and seam carving.

  1. Advanced DTM Generation from Very High Resolution Satellite Stereo Images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perko, R.; Raggam, H.; Gutjahr, K. H.; Schardt, M.

    2015-03-01

    This work proposes a simple filtering approach that can be applied to digital surface models in order to extract digital terrain models. The method focusses on robustness and computational efficiency and is in particular tailored to filter DSMs that are extracted from satellite stereo images. It represents an evolution of an existing DTM generation method and includes distinct advancement through the integration of multi-directional processing as well as slope dependent filtering, thus denoted "MSD filtering". The DTM generation workflow is fully automatic and requires no user interaction. Exemplary results are presented for a DSM generated from a Pléiades tri-stereo image data set. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations with respect to highly accurate reference LiDAR data confirm the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  2. BIOMASS GASIFICATION AND POWER GENERATION USING ADVANCED GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect

    David Liscinsky

    2002-10-20

    A multidisciplined team led by the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) and consisting of Pratt & Whitney Power Systems (PWPS), the University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC), KraftWork Systems, Inc. (kWS), and the Connecticut Resource Recovery Authority (CRRA) has evaluated a variety of gasified biomass fuels, integrated into advanced gas turbine-based power systems. The team has concluded that a biomass integrated gasification combined-cycle (BIGCC) plant with an overall integrated system efficiency of 45% (HHV) at emission levels of less than half of New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) is technically and economically feasible. The higher process efficiency in itself reduces consumption of premium fuels currently used for power generation including those from foreign sources. In addition, the advanced gasification process can be used to generate fuels and chemicals, such as low-cost hydrogen and syngas for chemical synthesis, as well as baseload power. The conceptual design of the plant consists of an air-blown circulating fluidized-bed Advanced Transport Gasifier and a PWPS FT8 TwinPac{trademark} aeroderivative gas turbine operated in combined cycle to produce {approx}80 MWe. This system uses advanced technology commercial products in combination with components in advanced development or demonstration stages, thereby maximizing the opportunity for early implementation. The biofueled power system was found to have a levelized cost of electricity competitive with other new power system alternatives including larger scale natural gas combined cycles. The key elements are: (1) An Advanced Transport Gasifier (ATG) circulating fluid-bed gasifier having wide fuel flexibility and high gasification efficiency; (2) An FT8 TwinPac{trademark}-based combined cycle of approximately 80 MWe; (3) Sustainable biomass primary fuel source at low cost and potentially widespread availability-refuse-derived fuel (RDF); (4) An overall integrated system that exceeds the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) goal of 40% (HHV) efficiency at emission levels well below the DOE suggested limits; and (5) An advanced biofueled power system whose levelized cost of electricity can be competitive with other new power system alternatives.

  3. A Novel Video Classification Method Based on Hybrid Generative\\/Discriminative Models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhi Zeng; Wei Liang; Heping Li; Shuwu Zhang

    2008-01-01

    We consider the problem of automatically classifying videos into predefined categories based on the analysis of their audio\\u000a contents. In detail, given a set of labeled videos (such as news, sitcoms, sports, etc.), our objective is to classify a new\\u000a video into one of these categories. To solve this problem, a novel audio features based video classification method combining\\u000a an

  4. Video Traffic Analysis of H.264/AVC and Extensions: Single-Layer Statistics

    E-print Network

    Reisslein, Martin

    1 Video Traffic Analysis of H.264/AVC and Extensions: Single-Layer Statistics Geert Van der Auwera and Prasanth T. David and Martin Reisslein I. INTRODUCTION We examine the video traffic generated by the H.264/MPEG­4 Advanced Video Coding (H.264/AVC for brevity) standard [1], also known as H.264/MPEG-4 Part 10

  5. Development of Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator for Space Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chan, Jack; Wood, J. Gary; Schreiber, Jeffrey G.

    2007-01-01

    Under the joint sponsorship of the Department of Energy and NASA, a radioisotope power system utilizing Stirling power conversion technology is being developed for potential future space missions. The higher conversion efficiency of the Stirling cycle compared with that of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) used in previous missions (Viking, Pioneer, Voyager, Galileo, Ulysses, Cassini, and New Horizons) offers the advantage of a four-fold reduction in PuO2 fuel, thereby saving cost and reducing radiation exposure to support personnel. With the advancement of state-of-the-art Stirling technology development under the NASA Research Announcement (NRA) project, the Stirling Radioisotope Generator program has evolved to incorporate the advanced Stirling convertor (ASC), provided by Sunpower, into an engineering unit. Due to the reduced envelope and lighter mass of the ASC compared to the previous Stirling convertor, the specific power of the flight generator is projected to increase from 3.5 to 7 We/kg, along with a 25 percent reduction in generator length. Modifications are being made to the ASC design to incorporate features for thermal, mechanical, and electrical integration with the engineering unit. These include the heat collector for hot end interface, cold-side flange for waste heat removal and structural attachment, and piston position sensor for ASC control and power factor correction. A single-fault tolerant, active power factor correction controller is used to synchronize the Stirling convertors, condition the electrical power from AC to DC, and to control the ASCs to maintain operation within temperature and piston stroke limits. Development activities at Sunpower and NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) are also being conducted on the ASC to demonstrate the capability for long life, high reliability, and flight qualification needed for use in future missions.

  6. A Video Object Generation Tool Allowing Friendly User Interaction B. Marcotegui, F. Zanoguera P. Correia, R. Rosa F. Marqu'es R. Mech, M. Wollborn

    E-print Network

    in the framework of the ACTS­AC098 MOMUSYS project. The Video Object Generator with User Environment (VOGUE a Video Object Generation Tool with User Environment (VOGUE), where the user has the possibility process. In VOGUE, we have adopted and extended the region­based interaction approach. The main exten

  7. Design features of Advanced Power Reactor (APR) 1400 steam generator

    SciTech Connect

    Park, Tae-Jung; Park, Jun-Soo; Kim, Moo-Yong [DOOSAN Heavy Industries and Construction Co. LTD, 555 Guygok-Dong, Changwon, Gyeongnam, 641-792 (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR 1400) which is to achieve the improvement of the safety and economical efficiency has been developed by Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co., Ltd. (KHNP) with the support from industries and research institutes. The steam generator for APR 1400 is an evolutionary type from System 80{sup +}, which is the recirculating U-tube heat exchanger with integral economizer. Compared to the System 80{sup +} steam generator, it is focused on the improved design features, operating and design conditions of APR 1400 steam generator. Especially, from the operation experience of Korean Standard Nuclear Power Plant (KSNP) steam generator, the lessons-learned measures are incorporated to prevent the tube wear caused by flow-induced vibration (FIV). The concepts for the preventive design features against FIV are categorized to two fields; flow distribution and dynamic response characteristics. From the standpoint of flow distribution characteristics, the egg-crate flow distribution plate (EFDP) is installed to prevent the local excessive flow loaded on the most susceptible tube to wear. The parametric study is performed to select the optimum design with the efficient mitigation of local excessive flow. ATHOS3 Mod-01 is used and partly modified to analyze the flow field of the APR 1400 steam generator. In addition, the upper tube bundle support is designed to eliminate the presence of tube with a low natural frequency. Based on the improved upper tube bundle support, the modal analysis is performed and compared with that of System 80{sup +}. Using the results of flow distribution and modal analysis, the two mechanisms of flow-induced vibration are investigated; fluid-elastic instability (FEI) and random turbulence excitation (RTE). (authors)

  8. Video Visualization Gareth Daniel Min Chen

    E-print Network

    Grant, P. W.

    Video Visualization Gareth Daniel Min Chen University of Wales Swansea, UK Abstract Video data, generated by the entertainment industry, security and traffic cameras, video conferencing systems, video a novel methodology for "summarizing" video sequences using volume visualization techniques. We outline

  9. Advanced numerical methods in mesh generation and mesh adaptation

    SciTech Connect

    Lipnikov, Konstantine [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Danilov, A [MOSCOW, RUSSIA; Vassilevski, Y [MOSCOW, RUSSIA; Agonzal, A [UNIV OF LYON

    2010-01-01

    Numerical solution of partial differential equations requires appropriate meshes, efficient solvers and robust and reliable error estimates. Generation of high-quality meshes for complex engineering models is a non-trivial task. This task is made more difficult when the mesh has to be adapted to a problem solution. This article is focused on a synergistic approach to the mesh generation and mesh adaptation, where best properties of various mesh generation methods are combined to build efficiently simplicial meshes. First, the advancing front technique (AFT) is combined with the incremental Delaunay triangulation (DT) to build an initial mesh. Second, the metric-based mesh adaptation (MBA) method is employed to improve quality of the generated mesh and/or to adapt it to a problem solution. We demonstrate with numerical experiments that combination of all three methods is required for robust meshing of complex engineering models. The key to successful mesh generation is the high-quality of the triangles in the initial front. We use a black-box technique to improve surface meshes exported from an unattainable CAD system. The initial surface mesh is refined into a shape-regular triangulation which approximates the boundary with the same accuracy as the CAD mesh. The DT method adds robustness to the AFT. The resulting mesh is topologically correct but may contain a few slivers. The MBA uses seven local operations to modify the mesh topology. It improves significantly the mesh quality. The MBA method is also used to adapt the mesh to a problem solution to minimize computational resources required for solving the problem. The MBA has a solid theoretical background. In the first two experiments, we consider the convection-diffusion and elasticity problems. We demonstrate the optimal reduction rate of the discretization error on a sequence of adaptive strongly anisotropic meshes. The key element of the MBA method is construction of a tensor metric from hierarchical edge-based error estimates. We conclude that the quasi-optimal mesh must be quasi-uniform in this metric. All numerical experiments are based on the publicly available Ani3D package, the collection of advanced numerical instruments.

  10. Video-assisted thoracoscopy: a major advance in diagnosis and treatment of intrathoracic pathology.

    PubMed

    Tanguilig, G G; Jones, D R; Graeber, G M

    1993-06-01

    The diagnosis and treatment of intrathoracic disease often requires open thoracotomy. Patients who are immunocompromised, have poor pulmonary function, or have coronary artery disease may not tolerate this procedure well. With the advent of small video cameras, fiberoptics, and compatible instrumentation, thoracoscopy is now a viable option to open thoracotomy. This procedure is being performed with increasing frequency, and has achieved excellent results. The intrathoracic image, which previously was only available to the operating surgeon, is captured by a small video camera on the end of the scope. The image is projected simultaneously on several television monitors in the operative suite so that all members of the operative team can see exactly what the surgeon sees. By using such technologies, intrathoracic diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, which previously required some type of open thoracotomy, may now be performed through several small ports placed through diminutive surgical incisions. This article describes three case reports which demonstrate some of the successful applications of video-assisted thoracoscopy, and reviews the diagnostic and therapeutic indications for video-assisted thoracoscopy. PMID:8322460

  11. Advances in low-power visible/thermal IR video image fusion hardware

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wolff, Lawrence B.; Socolinsky, Diego A.; Eveland, Christopher K.; Reese, C. E.; Bender, E. J.; Wood, M. V.

    2005-03-01

    Equinox Corporation has developed two new video board products for real-time image fusion of visible (or intensified visible/near-infrared) and thermal (emissive) infrared video. These products can provide unique capabilities to the dismounted soldier, maritime/naval operations and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) with low-power, lightweight, compact and inexpensive FPGA video fusion hardware. For several years Equinox Corporation has been studying and developing image fusion methodologies using the complementary modalities of the visible and thermal infrared wavebands including applications to face recognition, tracking, sensor development and fused image visualization. The video board products incorporate Equinox's proprietary image fusion algorithms into an FPGA architecture with embedded programmable capability. Currently included are (1) user interactive image fusion algorithms that go significantly beyond standard "A+B" fusion providing an intuitive color visualization invariant to distracting illumination changes, (2) generalized image co-registration to compensate for parallax, scale and rotation differences between visible/intensified and thermal IR, as well as non-linear optical and display distortion, and (3) automatic gain control (AGC) for dynamic range adaptation.

  12. Envisioned advanced multimedia video services include both rectangular and arbitrarily-shaped image segments. Image seg-

    E-print Network

    Chang, Shih-Fu

    -shaped image segments. Image seg- ments of the TV weather reporter produced by the chromo-key technique, and numerical tradeoff analyses. Currently, we are implementing a software program for AS image object editing video objects can in general be rectangular (e.g. window graphic interface) or arbitrarily-shaped (AS

  13. The Effect of Advances in Video Game Technology and Content on Aggressive Cognitions, Hostility, and Heart Rate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Barlett; Christopher D. Rodeheffer; Ross Baldassaro; Michael P. Hinkin; Richard J. Harris

    2008-01-01

    Two studies were conducted that tested the moderating role of video game graphics quality in the relationship between video game content and aggression-related variables. In both studies, participants played either a violent or nonviolent video game on one of three video game systems with differing technological computing power (which contributes to the realism depicted in these video games). In Study

  14. Clonal forestry, heterosis and advanced-generation breeding

    SciTech Connect

    Tuskan, G.A.

    1997-08-01

    This report discusses the clonal planting stock offers many advantages to the forest products industry. Advanced-generation breeding strategies should be designed to maximize within-family variance and at the same time allow the capture of heterosis. Certainly there may be a conflict in the choice of breeding strategy based on the trait of interest. It may be that the majority of the traits express heterosis due to overdominance. Alternatively, disease resistance is expressed as the lack of a specific metabolite or infection court then the homozygous recessive genotype may be the most desirable. Nonetheless, as the forest products industry begins to utilize the economic advantages of clonal forestry, breeding strategies will have to be optimized for these commercial plant materials. Here, molecular markers can be used to characterize the nature of heterosis and therefore define the appropriate breeding strategy.

  15. 3D video surveillance with Augmented Virtual Environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ismail Oner Sebe; Jinhui Hu; Suya You; Ulrich Neumann

    2003-01-01

    Recent advances in sensing and computing technologies have inspired a new generation of data analysis and visualization systems for video surveillance applications. We present a novel visualization system for video surveillance based on an Augmented Virtual Environment (AVE) that fuses dynamic imagery with 3D models in a real-time display to help observers comprehend multiple streams of temporal data and imagery

  16. Thermal Model Predictions of Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator Performance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Xiao-Yen J.; Fabanich, William Anthony; Schmitz, Paul C.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents recent thermal model results of the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG). The three-dimensional (3D) ASRG thermal power model was built using the Thermal Desktop(trademark) thermal analyzer. The model was correlated with ASRG engineering unit test data and ASRG flight unit predictions from Lockheed Martin's (LM's) I-deas(trademark) TMG thermal model. The auxiliary cooling system (ACS) of the ASRG is also included in the ASRG thermal model. The ACS is designed to remove waste heat from the ASRG so that it can be used to heat spacecraft components. The performance of the ACS is reported under nominal conditions and during a Venus flyby scenario. The results for the nominal case are validated with data from Lockheed Martin. Transient thermal analysis results of ASRG for a Venus flyby with a representative trajectory are also presented. In addition, model results of an ASRG mounted on a Cassini-like spacecraft with a sunshade are presented to show a way to mitigate the high temperatures of a Venus flyby. It was predicted that the sunshade can lower the temperature of the ASRG alternator by 20 C for the representative Venus flyby trajectory. The 3D model also was modified to predict generator performance after a single Advanced Stirling Convertor failure. The geometry of the Microtherm HT insulation block on the outboard side was modified to match deformation and shrinkage observed during testing of a prototypic ASRG test fixture by LM. Test conditions and test data were used to correlate the model by adjusting the thermal conductivity of the deformed insulation to match the post-heat-dump steady state temperatures. Results for these conditions showed that the performance of the still-functioning inboard ACS was unaffected.

  17. Methodologies for generating HTTP streaming video workloads to evaluate web server performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jim Summers; Tim Brecht; Derek Eager; Bernard Wong

    2012-01-01

    Recent increases in live and on-demand video streaming have dramatically changed the Internet landscape. In North America, Netflix alone accounts for 28% of all and 33% of peak downstream Internet traffic on fixed access links, with further rapid growth expected [26]. This increase in streaming traffic coincides with the steady adoption of HTTP for use in video streaming. Many streaming

  18. Immersive video

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moezzi, Saied; Katkere, Arun L.; Jain, Ramesh C.

    1996-03-01

    Interactive video and television viewers should have the power to control their viewing position. To make this a reality, we introduce the concept of Immersive Video, which employs computer vision and computer graphics technologies to provide remote users a sense of complete immersion when viewing an event. Immersive Video uses multiple videos of an event, captured from different perspectives, to generate a full 3D digital video of that event. That is accomplished by assimilating important information from each video stream into a comprehensive, dynamic, 3D model of the environment. Using this 3D digital video, interactive viewers can then move around the remote environment and observe the events taking place from any desired perspective. Our Immersive Video System currently provides interactive viewing and `walkthrus' of staged karate demonstrations, basketball games, dance performances, and typical campus scenes. In its full realization, Immersive Video will be a paradigm shift in visual communication which will revolutionize television and video media, and become an integral part of future telepresence and virtual reality systems.

  19. Second generation video imaging technique for assessing dermal exposure (VITAE System).

    PubMed

    Fenske, R A; Birnbaum, S G

    1997-09-01

    Development of a second-generation video imaging technique for assessing occupational skin exposure (VITAE) is described, its performance evaluated, and new procedures for exposure quantification are presented. The current VITAE system has higher resolution in regard to both its picture element array and gray scale when compared with the prototype system. System performance was evaluated during extended field deployment: variability was 3-4% during data acquisition for individual worker evaluation session, and 10% over a 22-day study period. Variabilities attributable to subject positioning and image outlining procedures were 2.7 and 1.2%, respectively. Visual observations of fluorescent tracer deposition on skin were used to classify specific body regions as either exposed of unexposed, and two computer-based classification criteria were tested against the visual classification. These criteria were generally better at minimizing false negative and false positive classification; sensitivity and predictive value reached 95 and 99%, respectively, when analysis was preceded by presampling of a subset of images. Variability in skin pigmentation was found to have a substantial effect on fluorescent tracer qualification, leading to development of new calibration procedures. Standard curves were generated by spotting a range of tracer concentrations on volunteer subjects and quantifying fluorescence with the VITAE system. These data were then grouped either by subject or by the magnitude of the background signal of the unexposed skin. The ability to control for the effects of skin pigmentation was found to be comparable for these grouping methods, indicating that calibration curves can be developed without the creation of a unique curve for each subject. PMID:9291561

  20. Video dithering 

    E-print Network

    Yu, Jin Nah

    2004-09-30

    In this work, we present mathematical and artistic techniques for the easy creation of artistic screening animations in video resolution by extending the artistic screening technique of adapting various patterns as screen dots for generating...

  1. Video dithering

    E-print Network

    Yu, Jin Nah

    2004-09-30

    In this work, we present mathematical and artistic techniques for the easy creation of artistic screening animations in video resolution by extending the artistic screening technique of adapting various patterns as screen dots for generating...

  2. Free viewpoint video generation based on coding information of H.264/AVC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Chi-Kun; Hung, Yu-Chen; Tang, Chia-Tong; Hwang, Jenq-Neng; Yang, Jar-Ferr

    2010-07-01

    Free viewpoint television (FTV) is a new technology that allows viewers to change view angles freely while watching TV programs. FTV requires a strong support of multi-view video codec (MVC), such as H.264/MVC defined by Joint Video Team(JVT). In this paper, we propose an FTV system which can produce videos as perceived in any view angles based on limited number of viewpoint videos decoded from H.264/MVC bitstreams. In this system, the decoded disparity vectors and motion vectors are diffused to produce smooth disparity fields for virtual view reconstruction. Decoded residue data under motion compensation are used as a match criterion. The proposed system not only greatly reduces the computation burden in creating FTV, but also improve the synthesized viewing quality due to the use of quarter pixel precision of H.264.

  3. Impact of Video Laryngoscopy on Advanced Airway Management by Critical Care Transport Paramedics and Nurses Using the CMAC Pocket Monitor

    PubMed Central

    Boehringer, Bradley; Choate, Michael; Hurwitz, Shelley; Tilney, Peter V. R.; Judge, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Accurate endotracheal intubation for patients in extremis or at risk of physiologic decompensation is the gold standard for emergency medicine. Field intubation is a complex process and time to intubation, number of attempts, and hypoxia have all been shown to correlate with increases in morbidity and mortality. Expanding laryngoscope technology which incorporates active video, in addition to direct laryngoscopy, offers providers improved and varied tools to employ in management of the advanced airway. Over a nine-year period a helicopter emergency medical services team, comprised of a flight paramedic and flight nurse, intended to intubate 790 patients. Comparative data analysis was performed and demonstrated that the introduction of the CMAC video laryngoscope improved nearly every measure of success in airway management. Overall intubation success increased from 94.9% to 99.0%, first pass success rates increased from 75.4% to 94.9%, combined first and second pass success rates increased from 89.2% to 97.4%, and mean number of intubation attempts decreased from 1.33 to 1.08.

  4. ADVANCED CERAMIC MATERIALS FOR NEXT-GENERATION NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect

    Marra, J.

    2010-09-29

    Rising global energy demands coupled with increased environmental concerns point to one solution; they must reduce their dependence on fossil fuels that emit greenhouse gases. As the global community faces the challenge of maintaining sovereign nation security, reducing greenhouse gases, and addressing climate change nuclear power will play a significant and likely growing role. In the US, nuclear energy already provides approximately one-fifth of the electricity used to power factories, offices, homes, and schools with 104 operating nuclear power plants, located at 65 sites in 31 states. Additionally, 19 utilities have applied to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for construction and operating licenses for 26 new reactors at 17 sites. This planned growth of nuclear power is occurring worldwide and has been termed the 'nuclear renaissance.' As major industrial nations craft their energy future, there are several important factors that must be considered about nuclear energy: (1) it has been proven over the last 40 years to be safe, reliable and affordable (good for Economic Security); (2) its technology and fuel can be domestically produced or obtained from allied nations (good for Energy Security); and (3) it is nearly free of greenhouse gas emissions (good for Environmental Security). Already an important part of worldwide energy security via electricity generation, nuclear energy can also potentially play an important role in industrial processes and supporting the nation's transportation sector. Coal-to-liquid processes, the generation of hydrogen and supporting the growing potential for a greatly increased electric transportation system (i.e. cars and trains) mean that nuclear energy could see dramatic growth in the near future as we seek to meet our growing demand for energy in cleaner, more secure ways. In order to address some of the prominent issues associated with nuclear power generation (i.e., high capital costs, waste management, and proliferation), the worldwide community is working to develop and deploy new nuclear energy systems and advanced fuel cycles. These new nuclear systems address the key challenges and include: (1) extracting the full energy value of the nuclear fuel; (2) creating waste solutions with improved long term safety; (3) minimizing the potential for the misuse of the technology and materials for weapons; (4) continually improving the safety of nuclear energy systems; and (5) keeping the cost of energy affordable.

  5. Title: COMPARISON OF ADVANCED RESIST ETCHING IN E-BEAM GENERATED

    E-print Network

    Anlage, Steven

    ABSTRACT Title: COMPARISON OF ADVANCED RESIST ETCHING IN E-BEAM GENERATED PLASMAS Bryan J. Orf is deposited. #12;COMPARISON OF ADVANCED RESIST ETCHING IN E-BEAM GENERATED PLASMAS By Bryan J. Orf Thesis significantly in polymer structure. The influence of Ar+ bombardment energy, chemically-assisted etching using

  6. Lifetime prediction modeling of airfoils for advanced power generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karaivanov, Ventzislav Gueorguiev

    The use of gases produced from coal as a turbine fuel offers an attractive means for efficiently generating electric power from our Nation's most abundant fossil fuel resource. The oxy-fuel and hydrogen-fired turbine concepts promise increased efficiency and low emissions on the expense of increased turbine inlet temperature (TIT) and different working fluid. Developing the turbine technology and materials is critical to the creation of these near-zero emission power generation technologies. A computational methodology, based on three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) and damage mechanics is presented for predicting the evolution of creep and fatigue in airfoils. We took a first look at airfoil thermal distributions in these advanced turbine systems based on CFD analysis. The damage mechanics-based creep and fatigue models were implemented as user modified routine in commercial package ANSYS. This routine was used to visualize the creep and fatigue damage evolution over airfoils for hydrogen-fired and oxy-fuel turbines concepts, and regions most susceptible to failure were indentified. Model allows for interaction between creep and fatigue damage thus damage due to fatigue and creep processes acting separately in one cycle will affect both the fatigue and creep damage rates in the next cycle. Simulation results were presented for various thermal conductivity of the top coat. Surface maps were created on the airfoil showing the development of the TGO scale and the Al depletion of the bond coat. In conjunction with model development, laboratory-scale experimental validation was executed to evaluate the influence of operational compressive stress levels on the performance of the TBC system. TBC coated single crystal coupons were exposed isothermally in air at 900, 1000, 1100oC with and without compressive load. Exposed samples were cross-sectioned and evaluated with scanning electron microscope (SEM). Performance data was collected based on image analysis. Energy-dispersive x-ray (EDX) was employed to study the elemental distribution in TBC system after exposure. Nanoindentation was used to study the mechanical properties (Young's modulus and hardness) of the components in the TBC system and their evolution with temperature and time.

  7. Development of third generation advanced high strength steels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McGrath, Meghan Colleen

    Lightweight duplex steels with combinations of either bainite, acicular ferrite, and austenite or martensite and austenite were investigated as third generation advanced high strength steels targeted for automotive applications. Large additions of manganese (> 13 wt%) and carbon (<0.2wt%) were employed to stabilize the austenite phase. Silicon additions between 1 and 2 wt% were added to suppress cementite formation. Strength and ductility were increased while density was decreased with aluminum additions between 2.4 and 5.5 wt% to the steel. This research addressed the dependence of alloying on microstructures and mechanical behavior for high manganese and aluminum duplex steels that were cast and subsequently hot rolled. Duplex steels with different volume fractions of primary delta-ferrite were used to study the crystallography of austenite fanned during the peritectic reaction. Solute profiles across the peritectic interface showed aluminum segregated near the interface which promoted bainitic ferrite formation. Thermal treatments were used to manipulate the concentration and type of oxides and the ferrite plate density was found to correlate with inclusions of low misfit in steels with austenite grain size of 16.5 microm. A steel with bainite and acicular ferrite produced an ultimate tensile strength of 970 MPa and elongation of 40%. The mechanical prope1iies depended on the strengths and size of the microstructural constituents. Work hardening behavior was examined in a steel exhibiting multiple martensitic transformation induced plasticity (gamma-austenite?epsilon-smartensite?alpha-martensite). A strain hardening exponent as high as 1.4 was observed with ultimate tensile strength and elongation as high as 1,165 MPa and 34%.

  8. Advanced Virgo: a 2nd generation interferometric gravitational wave detector

    E-print Network

    F. Acernese; M. Agathos; K. Agatsuma; D. Aisa; N. Allemandou; A. Allocca; J. Amarni; P. Astone; G. Balestri; G. Ballardin; F. Barone; J. -P. Baronick; M. Barsuglia; A. Basti; F. Basti; Th. S. Bauer; V. Bavigadda; M. Bejger; M. G. Beker; C. Belczynski; D. Bersanetti; A. Bertolini; M. Bitossi; M. A. Bizouard; S. Bloemen; M. Blom; M. Boer; G. Bogaert; D. Bondi; F. Bondu; L. Bonelli; R. Bonnand; V. Boschi; L. Bosi; T. Bouedo; C. Bradaschia; M. Branchesi; T. Briant; A. Brillet; V. Brisson; T. Bulik; H. J. Bulten; D. Buskulic; C. Buy; G. Cagnoli; E. Calloni; C. Campeggi; B. Canuel; F. Carbognani; F. Cavalier; R. Cavalieri; G. Cella; E. Cesarini; E. Chassande-Mottin; A. Chincarini; A. Chiummo; S. Chua; F. Cleva; E. Coccia; P. -F. Cohadon; A. Colla; M. Colombini; A. Conte; J. -P. Coulon; E. Cuoco; A. Dalmaz; S. D'Antonio; V. Dattilo; M. Davier; R. Day; G. Debreczeni; J. Degallaix; S. Deléglise; W. Del Pozzo; H. Dereli; R. De Rosa; L. Di Fiore; A. Di Lieto; A. Di Virgilio; M. Doets; V. Dolique; M. Drago; M. Ducrot; G. Endr?czi; V. Fafone; S. Farinon; I. Ferrante; F. Ferrini; F. Fidecaro; I. Fiori; R. Flaminio; J. -D. Fournier; S. Franco; S. Frasca; F. Frasconi; L. Gammaitoni; F. Garufi; M. Gaspard; A. Gatto; G. Gemme; B. Gendre; E. Genin; A. Gennai; S. Ghosh; L. Giacobone; A. Giazotto; R. Gouaty; M. Granata; G. Greco; P. Groot; G. M. Guidi; J. Harms; A. Heidmann; H. Heitmann; P. Hello; G. Hemming; E. Hennes; D. Hofman; P. Jaranowski; R. J. G. Jonker; M. Kasprzack; F. Kéfélian; I. Kowalska; M. Kraan; A. Królak; A. Kutynia; C. Lazzaro; M. Leonardi; N. Leroy; N. Letendre; T. G. F. Li; B. Lieunard; M. Lorenzini; V. Loriette; G. Losurdo; C. Magazzù; E. Majorana; I. Maksimovic; V. Malvezzi; N. Man; V. Mangano; M. Mantovani; F. Marchesoni; F. Marion; J. Marque; F. Martelli; L. Martellini; A. Masserot; D. Meacher; J. Meidam; F. Mezzani; C. Michel; L. Milano; Y. Minenkov; A. Moggi; M. Mohan; M. Montani; N. Morgado; B. Mours; F. Mul; M. F. Nagy; I. Nardecchia; L. Naticchioni; G. Nelemans; I. Neri; M. Neri; F. Nocera; E. Pacaud; C. Palomba; F. Paoletti; A. Paoli; A. Pasqualetti; R. Passaquieti; D. Passuello; M. Perciballi; S. Petit; M. Pichot; F. Piergiovanni; G. Pillant; A Piluso; L. Pinard; R. Poggiani; M. Prijatelj; G. A. Prodi; M. Punturo; P. Puppo; D. S. Rabeling; I. Rácz; P. Rapagnani; M. Razzano; V. Re; T. Regimbau; F. Ricci; F. Robinet; A. Rocchi; L. Rolland; R. Romano; D. Rosi?ska; P. Ruggi; E. Saracco; B. Sassolas; F. Schimmel; D. Sentenac; V. Sequino; S. Shah; K. Siellez; N. Straniero; B. Swinkels; M. Tacca; M. Tonelli; F. Travasso; M. Turconi; G. Vajente; N. van Bakel; M. van Beuzekom; J. F. J. van den Brand; C. Van Den Broeck; M. V. van der Sluys; J. van Heijningen; M. Vasúth; G. Vedovato; J. Veitch; D. Verkindt; F. Vetrano; A. Viceré; J. -Y. Vinet; G. Visser; H. Vocca; R. Ward; M. Was; L. -W. Wei; M. Yvert; A. Zadro?ny; J. -P. Zendri

    2014-10-16

    Advanced Virgo is the project to upgrade the Virgo interferometric detector of gravitational waves, with the aim of increasing the number of observable galaxies (and thus the detection rate) by three orders of magnitude. The project is now in an advanced construction phase and the assembly and integration will be completed by the end of 2015. Advanced Virgo will be part of a network with the two Advanced LIGO detectors in the US and GEO HF in Germany, with the goal of contributing to the early detections of gravitational waves and to opening a new observation window on the universe. In this paper we describe the main features of the Advanced Virgo detector and outline the status of the construction.

  9. MULTIPLE BACKGROUND SPRITE GENERATION USING CAMERA MOTION CHARACTERIZATION FOR OBJECT-BASED VIDEO CODING

    E-print Network

    Wichmann, Felix

    -based video coding can pro- vide higher coding gain than common H.264/AVC for single-view and the MVC standard based on H.264 for multi-view (MVC). The use of background sprites outperformes the AVC/MVC especially

  10. Generating audio-responsive video images in real-time for a live symphony performance

    E-print Network

    Beane, Allison Brooke

    2007-09-17

    instruments to cutting-edge video image productions for musical groups of all sizes. Throughout this evolution, a common goal has been to create real-time, audio-responsive visuals that accentuate the sound and enhance the performance. This paper explains...

  11. ADVANCED MOSAIC TECHNIQUES OF ACOUSTIC VIDEO IMAGES FOR UNDERWATER SURVEILLANCE AND DIAGNOSING DEGRADATION LEVELS OF HARBOR STRUCTURES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akira Asada; Hideki Kunishima; Tadashi Igarashi; Tadashi Nagase; Takeya Matsuda

    Using an acoustic video camera DIDSON, we took acoustic video images of a ship's hull and an entire wharf of several hundred meter wide, and then created seamless mosaic images with 0.5cm and 1cm accuracies by correcting the distortion and adjusting the brightness of the video images. This method is effective in detecting suspicious objects around wharfs, ship's hulls and

  12. Advancing the Next Generation of Health Risk Assessment

    EPA Science Inventory

    Over the past 20 years, knowledge of the genome and its function has increased dramatically, but risk assessment methodologies utilizing such knowledge have not advanced accordingly. Objective. This review describes a collaborative effort among several federal and stat...

  13. Reconstruction of the Pose of Uncalibrated Cameras via User-Generated Videos

    E-print Network

    Bennett, Stuart; Lasenby, Joan; Kokaram, Anil; Inguva, Sasi; Birkbeck, Neil

    2014-01-01

    on camera positions, the depth estimate of which is particularly challenging. Ballan et al. further use audio to synchronize the videos, which vastly simplifies feature matching; unfortunately in sports event scenarios the recorded audio is highly localized... . Chen, R. Grzeszczuk, and M. Pollefeys. Handling urban location recognition as a 2D homothetic problem. In 11th European Conference on Computer Vision, volume VI of ECCV 2010, pages 266–279, Sept. 2010. [3] L. Ballan, G. J. Brostow, J. Puwein, and M...

  14. Fast subpel motion estimation for H.264/advanced video coding with an adaptive motion vector accuracy decision

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Hoyoung; Jung, Bongsoo; Jung, Jooyoung; Jeon, Byeungwoo

    2012-11-01

    The quarter-pel motion vector accuracy supported by H.264/advanced video coding (AVC) in motion estimation (ME) and compensation (MC) provides high compression efficiency. However, it also increases the computational complexity. While various well-known fast integer-pel ME methods are already available, lack of a good, fast subpel ME method results in problems associated with relatively high computational complexity. This paper presents one way of solving the complexity problem of subpel ME by making adaptive motion vector (MV) accuracy decisions in inter-mode selection. The proposed MV accuracy decision is made using inter-mode selection of a macroblock with two decision criteria. Pixels are classified as stationary (and/or homogeneous) or nonstationary (and/or nonhomogeneous). In order to avoid unnecessary interpolation and processing, a proper subpel ME level is chosen among four different combinations, each of which has a different MV accuracy and number of subpel ME iterations based on the classification. Simulation results using an open source x264 software encoder show that without any noticeable degradation (by -0.07 dB on average), the proposed method reduces total encoding time and subpel ME time, respectively, by 51.78% and by 76.49% on average, as compared to the conventional full-pel pixel search.

  15. A Video Object Generation Tool Allowing Friendly User Interaction B. Marcotegui, F. Zanoguera P. Correia, R. Rosa F. Marques R. Mech, M. Wollborn

    E-print Network

    Cord, Aurélien

    of the ACTS- AC098 MOMUSYS project. The Video Object Generator with User Environment (VOGUE) combines three Generation Tool with User Environment (VOGUE), where the user has the possibility to interact shape is obtained. The image partition can be used as well in the object tracking process. In VOGUE, we

  16. AIAA-02-0862 Advances in Discrete Surface Grid Generation

    E-print Network

    Löhner, Rainald

    of a global surface mesh. Key words: Discrete Surface Meshing, Unstructured Grids, Advancing Front Method, CFD for CFD Ralf Tilch1 and Rainald Lohner2 1 ESI Group, CFD Team Silic 303, 94588 Rungis Cedex, France e of a visibility horizon based on the geometrical features in the DS, improved 2D cross-checks, and better adaptive

  17. Advanced satellite concepts for future generation VSAT networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Naderi, F. Michael; Wu, William W.

    1988-01-01

    Advanced communication networks that use very-small-aperture terminals (VSATs) are considered. The techniques and technologies suitable for powerful satellites and system architectures for future VSAT networks are discussed. These include high effective isotropic radiated power, multiple-beam satellite antennas, and various access techniques. Examples of systems planned by the government and private industry are described.

  18. Proceedings of Power Systems 03: Distributed Generation and Advanced Metering 2002 Wichita State University

    E-print Network

    Proceedings of Power Systems 03: Distributed Generation and Advanced Metering © 2002 Wichita State. The combustion products at high temperature (about 1700o F) and high pressure are #12;Proceedings of Power

  19. Advanced feedwater control for next generation nuclear power systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hengliang Shen

    2006-01-01

    In current generation Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs), the control of Steam Generator level experiences challenges over the full range of plant operating conditions. These challenges can be particularly troublesome in the low power range where the feedwater is highly subcooled and minor changes in the feed flow may cause oscillations in the SG level, potentially leading to reactor trip. Substantial

  20. Advanced numerical methods in mesh generation and mesh adaptation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Konstantine Lipnikov; A Danilov; Y Vassilevski; A Agonzal

    2010-01-01

    Numerical solution of partial differential equations requires appropriate meshes, efficient solvers and robust and reliable error estimates. Generation of high-quality meshes for complex engineering models is a non-trivial task. This task is made more difficult when the mesh has to be adapted to a problem solution. This article is focused on a synergistic approach to the mesh generation and mesh

  1. Advances in generative structuralism: Structured agency and multilevel dynamics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J. Fararo; Carter T. Butts

    1999-01-01

    We set out an approach to theorizing termed generative structuralism. In two stages, respectively, we address two problems in social theory ? agency?structure and micro?macro linkage ? in relation to a central problem in the discipline, namely, the sense of its fragmentation. The first theoretical problem is: How can we create generative models and methods that are responsive to the

  2. Comparison of two advanced generation mating designs for loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.)

    E-print Network

    Layton, Patricia Adlene

    1978-01-01

    of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1978 Major Sub)cot: Forestry COMPARISON OF TWO ADVANCED GENERATION MATING DESIGNS FOR LOBLOLLY PINE (Pinus caeda L. ) by PATRICIA ADLENE LAYTDN Appxcnied aa te style 'and tuateat by: tees) ber) ABSTRACT Comparison... of Two Advanced Generation Mating Designs for Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L. ) (December 1978) Patricia Adlene Layton, B. S. , Clemson University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. J. P. van Bulgtenen This study was undertaken to determine...

  3. Assessment of Metal Media Filters for Advanced Coal-Based Power Generation Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Alvin, M.A.

    2002-09-19

    Advanced coal and biomass-based gas turbine power generation technologies (IGCC, PFBC, PCFBC, and Hipps) are currently under development and demonstration. Efforts at Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (SWPC) have been focused on the development and demonstration of hot gas filter systems as an enabling technology for power generation. This paper reviews SWPC's material and component assessment efforts, identifying the performance, stability, and life of porous metal, advanced alloy, and intermetallic filters under simulated, pressurized fluidized-bed combustion conditions.

  4. NETGEN - An Advancing Front 2D\\/3D-Mesh Generator Based On Abstract Rules

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joachim Schöberl

    1997-01-01

    RulesJoachim SchoberlAbstractIn this paper, the algorithms of the automatic mesh generator NETGEN are described.The domain is provided by a Constructive Solid Geometry (CSG). The whole task of3D mesh generation splits into four subproblems of special point calculation, edgefollowing, surface meshing and finally volume mesh generation. Surface and volumemesh generation are based on the advancing front method. Emphasis is given tothe

  5. VIDEO QUALITY AND BEYOND

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Winkler

    This paper gives a brief overview of the current state of the art of video quality metrics and discusses their achieve- ments as well as shortcomings. It also summarizes the main standardization efforts by the Video Quality Experts Group (VQEG). It then looks at recent trends and developments in video quality research, in particular the emergence of new generations of

  6. Advanced feedwater control for next generation nuclear power systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Hengliang

    In current generation Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs), the control of Steam Generator level experiences challenges over the full range of plant operating conditions. These challenges can be particularly troublesome in the low power range where the feedwater is highly subcooled and minor changes in the feed flow may cause oscillations in the SG level, potentially leading to reactor trip. Substantial attention has been given to feedwater control systems with recognition of the difficulty of the full range feedwater control problem due to steam generator level shrink-swell phenomena, changes in valve and flow path characteristics, and other nonlinear phenomena over the full range of operating conditions. The IRIS reactor concept adds additional challenges to the feedwater control problem as a result of a steam generator design where neither level or steam generator mass inventory can be measured directly. Neural networks have demonstrated capabilities to capture a wide range of dynamic signal transformation and non-linear problems. In this project a detailed engineering simulation of plant response is used to develop and test neural control methods for the IRIS full range feedwater control problem. The established neural feed controller has demonstrated the capability to improve the performance of SG level or mass control under transient conditions and over a wide range of reactor power including abnormal conditions.

  7. Generating Performance Measures From Portland's Archived Advanced Traffic

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    to measures such as mobility, economic development, quality of life, the environment, resource conservation information, it is possible to generate performance measures to aid in the planning, design and operation performance meets or exceeds customer expectations." Another indicator of the movement toward the greater use

  8. Advanced Micro Optics Characterization Using Computer Generated Holograms

    SciTech Connect

    Arnold, S.; Maxey, L.C.; Moreshead, W.; Nogues, J.L.

    1998-11-01

    This CRADA has enabled the validation of Computer Generated Holograms (CGH) testing for certain classes of micro optics. It has also identified certain issues that are significant when considering the use of CGHs in this application. Both contributions are advantageous in the pursuit of better manufacturing and testing technologies for these important optical components.

  9. Advanced Computer Image Generation Techniques Exploiting Perceptual Characteristics. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stenger, Anthony J.; And Others

    This study suggests and identifies computer image generation (CIG) algorithms for visual simulation that improve the training effectiveness of CIG simulators and identifies areas of basic research in visual perception that are significant for improving CIG technology. The first phase of the project entailed observing three existing CIG simulators.…

  10. ADVANCED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ELECTRICAL GENERATOR Peter Van Blarigan

    E-print Network

    Livermore, CA 94550 Abstract In this paper, research on hydrogen internal combustion engines is discussed with industrial partners. The electrical generator is based on developed internal combustion reciprocating engine. In light of these factors, the capabilities of internal combustion engines have been reviewed. In regards

  11. Recent advances in direct solar thermal power generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yue-Guang Deng; Jing Liu

    2009-01-01

    The recent energy crisis and environmental burden are becoming increasingly urgent and drawing enormous attention to solar-energy utilization. Direct solar thermal power generation technologies, such as thermoelectric, thermionic, magnetohydrodynamic, and alkali-metal thermoelectric methods, are among the most attractive ways to provide electric energy from solar heat. On the one hand, these methods have the potential to be more efficient than

  12. Advances in the development of next-generation anthrax vaccines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arthur M. Friedlander; Stephen F. Little

    2009-01-01

    Anthrax, a disease of herbivores, only rarely infects humans. However, the threat of using Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent, to intentionally produce disease has been the impetus for development of next-generation vaccines. Two licensed vaccines have been available for human use for several decades. These are composed of acellular culture supernatants containing the protective antigen (PA) component of the anthrax

  13. Abstract--Procedural generation techniques effectively help to reduce the huge content production costs in current video

    E-print Network

    Bidarra, Rafael

    costs in current video games. In a similar way, we propose to combine a rich internal state model expressions of video game characters mostly come out very much canned. Even worse, whatever the actual course for video game characters has proved immensely challenging. The combination of scripting with key frame and

  14. Advanced generators used in mobile pulsed power sources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhelokova, M. Z.; Maksimova, I. F.

    2010-12-01

    In this paper consideration is given to the versions of electric generators that are used for supplying high-power energy-intensive loads by means of capacitive or inductive energy storage units and are to be employed in mobile power sources. An estimate of limiting power characteristics of megajoule high-speed engines is presented that may be useful in developing a design assignment for construction of suitable engines, and, on their basis, forced power sources for supplying non-typical consumers.

  15. Advanced theory of multiple exciton generation effect in quantum dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oksengendler, B. L.; Turaeva, N. N.; Rashidova, S. S.

    2012-06-01

    The theoretical aspects of the effect of multiple exciton generation (MEG) in quantum dots (QDs) have been analysed in this work. The statistical theory of MEG in QDs based on Fermi's approach is presented, taking into account the momentum conservation law. According to Fermi this approach should give the ultimate quantum efficiencies of multiple particle generation. The microscopic mechanism of this effect is based on the theory of electronic "shaking". According to this approach, the wave function of "shaking" electrons can be selected as Plato's functions with effective charges depending on the number of generated excitons. From the theory it is known increasing the number of excitons leads to enhancement of the Auger recombination of electrons which results in reduced quantum yields of excitons. The deviation of the averaged multiplicity of the MEG effect from the Poisson law of fluctuations has been investigated on the basis of synergetics approaches. In addition the role of interface electronic states of QDs and ligands has been considered by means of quantum mechanical approaches. The size optimisation of QDs has been performed to maximise the multiplicity of the MEG effect.

  16. Hardware Co-simulation For Video Processing Using Xilinx System Generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Saidani; D. Dia; W. Elhamzi; M. Atri; R. Tourki

    2009-01-01

    The use of rapid prototyping tools such as MATLAB- Simulink and Xilinx System Generator becomes increasingly important because of time-to-market constraints. This paper presents a methodology for implementing real-time DSP applications on a reconfigurable logic platform using Xilinx System Generator (XSG) for Matlab. The methodology aims to improve the design verfication efficiency for such complex system. It presents an architecture

  17. Using Xilinx System Generator for Real Time Hardware Co-simulation of Video Processing System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Taoufik Saidani; Mohamed Atri; Dhaha Dia; Rached Tourki

    \\u000a The use of rapid prototyping tools such as MATLAB-Simulink and Xilinx System Generator becomes increasingly important because\\u000a of time-to-market constraints. This paper presents a methodology for implementing real-time DSP applications on a reconfigurable\\u000a logic platform using Xilinx System Generator (XSG) for Matlab. The methodology aims to improve the design verfication efficiency\\u000a for such complex system. It presents architecture for Color

  18. A New Generation Advanced I.R. Linescan Sensor System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duke, D. B.; McQueen, G. B.; Adams, P. V.

    1984-12-01

    Effective enetrative low altitude tactical reconnaissance requires small, high. performance sensors backed up by flexible processing. Such systems require high quality information over a field of view wide enough to ensure that all targets are observed in order to justify mission risk. They should impose little or no penalty on aircraft performance or weapon, carrying capability and they must be supported by airborne and ground communication and processing systems to ensure rapid access to the information gained. An advanced Ili Linescan Sensor which satisfies these criteria in high speed, low level flight, currently under development at British. Aerospace, will be described. Features of the electro-optical and electronics systems will be discussed and the effects of scan geometry on imagery will be considered. Examples of imagery taken during flight trials with development models will be used to illustrate some of these effects. The essential features of an airborne image management, recording and display system using this Linescan Sensor, will be described. Information display formats and associated viewing ti es for real-time or near real-time infra-red imagery display will be analysed. Finally, the requirements for an associated airborne data link will be established.

  19. Advancing Lidar Sensors Technologies for Next Generation Landing Missions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Amzajerdian, Farzin; Hines, Glenn D.; Roback, Vincent E.; Petway, Larry B.; Barnes, Bruce W.; Brewster, Paul F.; Pierrottet, Diego F.; Bulyshev, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    Missions to solar systems bodies must meet increasingly ambitious objectives requiring highly reliable "precision landing", and "hazard avoidance" capabilities. Robotic missions to the Moon and Mars demand landing at pre-designated sites of high scientific value near hazardous terrain features, such as escarpments, craters, slopes, and rocks. Missions aimed at paving the path for colonization of the Moon and human landing on Mars need to execute onboard hazard detection and precision maneuvering to ensure safe landing near previously deployed assets. Asteroid missions require precision rendezvous, identification of the landing or sampling site location, and navigation to the highly dynamic object that may be tumbling at a fast rate. To meet these needs, NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) has developed a set of advanced lidar sensors under the Autonomous Landing and Hazard Avoidance Technology (ALHAT) project. These lidar sensors can provide precision measurement of vehicle relative proximity, velocity, and orientation, and high resolution elevation maps of the surface during the descent to the targeted body. Recent flights onboard Morpheus free-flyer vehicle have demonstrated the viability of ALHAT lidar sensors for future landing missions to solar system bodies.

  20. Advanced Unstructured Grid Generation for Complex Aerodynamic Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pirzadeh, Shahyar Z.

    2008-01-01

    A new approach for distribution of grid points on the surface and in the volume has been developed and implemented in the NASA unstructured grid generation code VGRID. In addition to the point and line sources of prior work, the new approach utilizes surface and volume sources for automatic curvature-based grid sizing and convenient point distribution in the volume. A new exponential growth function produces smoother and more efficient grids and provides superior control over distribution of grid points in the field. All types of sources support anisotropic grid stretching which not only improves the grid economy but also provides more accurate solutions for certain aerodynamic applications. The new approach does not require a three-dimensional background grid as in the previous methods. Instead, it makes use of an efficient bounding-box auxiliary medium for storing grid parameters defined by surface sources. The new approach is less memory-intensive and more efficient computationally. The grids generated with the new method either eliminate the need for adaptive grid refinement for certain class of problems or provide high quality initial grids that would enhance the performance of many adaptation methods.

  1. Utilizing Computer and Multimedia Technology in Generating Choreography for the Advanced Dance Student at the High School Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Irma Amado

    This study describes a pilot program utilizing various multimedia computer programs on a MacQuadra 840 AV. The target group consisted of six advanced dance students who participated in the pilot program within the dance curriculum by creating a database of dance movement using video and still photography. The students combined desktop publishing,…

  2. Advances in the development of next-generation anthrax vaccines.

    PubMed

    Friedlander, Arthur M; Little, Stephen F

    2009-11-01

    Anthrax, a disease of herbivores, only rarely infects humans. However, the threat of using Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent, to intentionally produce disease has been the impetus for development of next-generation vaccines. Two licensed vaccines have been available for human use for several decades. These are composed of acellular culture supernatants containing the protective antigen (PA) component of the anthrax toxins. In this review we summarize the various approaches used to develop improved vaccines. These efforts have included the use of PA with newer adjuvants and delivery systems, including bacterial and viral vectors and DNA vaccines. Attempts to broaden the protection afforded by PA-based vaccines have focused on adding other B. anthracis components, including spore and capsule antigens. PMID:19837282

  3. Combining Search-based Procedural Content Generation and Social Gaming in the Petalz Video Game

    E-print Network

    Stanley, Kenneth O.

    players can share flow- ers they breed themselves with other players through a global marketplace) methods in par- ticular have proven effective at automatically generating di- verse media such as two flowers and share them with others through a marketplace. This picture shows an example balcony

  4. Advanced Unstructured Grid Generation for Complex Aerodynamic Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pirzadeh, Shahyar

    2010-01-01

    A new approach for distribution of grid points on the surface and in the volume has been developed. In addition to the point and line sources of prior work, the new approach utilizes surface and volume sources for automatic curvature-based grid sizing and convenient point distribution in the volume. A new exponential growth function produces smoother and more efficient grids and provides superior control over distribution of grid points in the field. All types of sources support anisotropic grid stretching which not only improves the grid economy but also provides more accurate solutions for certain aerodynamic applications. The new approach does not require a three-dimensional background grid as in the previous methods. Instead, it makes use of an efficient bounding-box auxiliary medium for storing grid parameters defined by surface sources. The new approach is less memory-intensive and more efficient computationally. The grids generated with the new method either eliminate the need for adaptive grid refinement for certain class of problems or provide high quality initial grids that would enhance the performance of many adaptation methods.

  5. Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) Thermal Power Model in MATLAB

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Xiao-Yen, J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a one-dimensional steady-state mathematical thermal power model of the ASRG. It aims to provide a guideline of understanding how the ASRG works and what can change its performance. The thermal dynamics and energy balance of the generator is explained using the thermal circuit of the ASRG. The Stirling convertor performance map is used to represent the convertor. How the convertor performance map is coupled in the thermal circuit is explained. The ASRG performance characteristics under i) different sink temperatures and ii) over the years of mission (YOM) are predicted using the one-dimensional model. Two Stirling converter control strategies, i) fixing the hot-end of temperature of the convertor by adjusting piston amplitude and ii) fixing the piston amplitude, were tested in the model. Numerical results show that the first control strategy can result in a higher system efficiency than the second control strategy when the ambient gets warmer or the general-purpose heat source (GPHS) fuel load decays over the YOM. The ASRG performance data presented in this paper doesn't pertain to the ASRG flight unit. Some data of the ASRG engineering unit (EU) and flight unit that are available in public domain are used in this paper for the purpose of numerical studies.

  6. LabelMe video: Building a Video Database with Human Annotations Jenny Yuen1

    E-print Network

    Oliva, Aude

    , surveillance and advanced video editing. Despite the advancements achieved with the various ap- proaches, weLabelMe video: Building a Video Database with Human Annotations Jenny Yuen1 Bryan Russell2 Ce Liu1@di.ens.fr Abstract Currently, video analysis algorithms suffer from lack of in- formation regarding the objects

  7. The impact of fossil generation advances on the emissions of CO 2 in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. F. Armor; G. T. Preston

    1996-01-01

    Today, 72% of electric power in the United States is generated from fossil fuels. Additional capacity being brought online to satisfy increasing demand will be almost entirely fossil-based in the next 10–15 years, despite technological advances in renewables and nuclear generation.The U.S. National Energy Strategy of 1991 called for reductions in global warming potential, as measured in billions of tons

  8. The multispectral advanced volumetric real-time imaging compositor for real-time distributed scene generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph W. Morris; Gary H. Ballard; Dennis H. Bunfield; Thomas E. Peddycoart; Darian E. Trimble

    2011-01-01

    AMRDEC has developed the Multi-spectral Advanced Volumetric Real-time Imaging Compositor (MAVRIC) prototype for distributed real-time hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) scene generation. MAVRIC is a dynamic object-based energy conserved scene compositor that can seamlessly convolve distributed scene elements into temporally aligned physicsbased scenes for enhancing existing AMRDEC scene generation codes. The volumetric compositing process accepts input independent of depth order. This real-time compositor

  9. Advancing Front Surface Mesh Generation in Parametric Space Using a Riemannian Surface Definition

    E-print Network

    Frey, Pascal

    to use either advancing front or Delaunay2 triangulation to generate surface meshes. These methods, while methods are preferred, utilizing a parametric surface mapping where appropriate. However, standard two (either directly meshing the parametric space11 or modifying the space12 ) or directly on the 3D surface4

  10. Advancing beyond current generation dye-sensitized solar cells Thomas W. Hamann,ab

    E-print Network

    Advancing beyond current generation dye-sensitized solar cells Thomas W. Hamann,ab Rebecca A The most efficient dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have had essentially the same configuration on the fabrication and character- ization of new architectures for dye-sensitized solar cells. He now holds

  11. LOW NOX COMBUSTION CONCEPTS FOR ADVANCED POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS FIRING LOW-BTU GAS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report gives results of an analysis of several advanced power generating concepts firing low-Btu gasified coal. A combined gas-turbine/steam-cycle power plant with integrated gasifier was the most promising from fuel utilization and economic viewpoints. Two representative com...

  12. Advanced Research in Artificial Intelligence132 METHODOLOGY FOR LANGUAGE ANALYSIS AND GENERATION

    E-print Network

    Cardeñosa, Jesús

    ACM Classification Keywords: I.2.7 Natural Language Processing Conference: The paper is selected fromAdvanced Research in Artificial Intelligence132 METHODOLOGY FOR LANGUAGE ANALYSIS AND GENERATION be described as mechanic or routine. Literary texts, or generally the natural language, escape to the efforts

  13. An advanced electronic load governor for control of micro hydroelectric generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas Henderson

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes the original research and development of an electronic load governor which is microprocessor-based and incorporates three-phase balancing. The combined study and testing of the transient behaviour of the governor indicated the need for an improved control algorithm. The results of the implementation of the advanced algorithm in the control of micro hydroelectric power generation are presented and

  14. KELVIN: A Second Generation Land Vehicle 2002 Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

    E-print Network

    Schwartz, Eric M.

    KELVIN: A Second Generation Land Vehicle 2002 Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics May: Autonomous Navigation, Robotics, Linux Abstract Kelvin is a four-wheeled land-based robotics research, and headlights. 2. The Mobile Platform 2.1 Frame Kelvin's frame, shown in Figure 1, is constructed of welded

  15. Advanced grid stiffened structures for the next generation of launch vehicles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Huybrechts; Troy E. Meink

    1997-01-01

    Although the necessity of using composite materials in the next generation of launch vehicles has become widely accepted, the specific structural type (monocoque, sandwich, skin-stringer, etc.) has yet to be determined. One possible candidate is the Advanced Grid Stiffened (AGS) structure, a rib-skin configuration evolved from early isogrid stiffening concepts. AGS structures show great promise for satisfying increased reliability and

  16. Machine learning in motion analysis: New advances With the ubiquitous presence of video data and its increasing impor-

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    contribution, an invited survey by Metaxas, introduces the concept and applications of Nonverbal Communication and the future directions of Nonverbal Communication Computing research. A new machine learning based strategy analysis and understanding of object motions from large amounts of video footage. Vision-based motion

  17. Video Motion Interpolation for Special Effect Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timothy K. Shih; Nick C. Tang; Joseph C. Tsai; Jenq-Neng Hwang

    2011-01-01

    Video forgery, also referred as video falsifying, is a technique for generating fake videos by altering, combining, or creating new video contents. For instance, the outcome of a 100 m race in the olympic game is forged as an example in this paper. We track objects and segment motions using a modified mean shift mechanism. The resulting video layers can

  18. Layered Wyner-Ziv video coding for noisy channels

    E-print Network

    Xu, Qian

    2005-11-01

    The growing popularity of video sensor networks and video celluar phones has generated the need for low-complexity and power-e?cient multimedia systems that can handle multiple video input and output streams. While standard video coding...

  19. Advances in Thermal Spray Coatings for Gas Turbines and Energy Generation: A Review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hardwicke, Canan U.; Lau, Yuk-Chiu

    2013-06-01

    Functional coatings are widely used in energy generation equipment in industries such as renewables, oil and gas, propulsion engines, and gas turbines. Intelligent thermal spray processing is vital in many of these areas for efficient manufacturing. Advanced thermal spray coating applications include thermal management, wear, oxidation, corrosion resistance, sealing systems, vibration and sound absorbance, and component repair. This paper reviews the current status of materials, equipment, processing, and properties' aspects for key coatings in the energy industry, especially the developments in large-scale gas turbines. In addition to the most recent industrial advances in thermal spray technologies, future technical needs are also highlighted.

  20. Video textures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arno Schödl; Richard Szeliski; David H. Salesin; Irfan A. Essa

    2000-01-01

    This paper introduces a new type of medium, called a video texture, which has qualities somewhere between those of a photograph and a video. A video texture provides a continuous infinitely varying stream of images. While the individual frames of a video texture may be repeated from time to time, the video sequence as a whole is never repeated exactly.

  1. Mobile-Cloud Assisted Video Summarization Framework for Efficient Management of Remote Sensing Data Generated by Wireless Capsule Sensors

    PubMed Central

    Mehmood, Irfan; Sajjad, Muhammad; Baik, Sung Wook

    2014-01-01

    Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) has great advantages over traditional endoscopy because it is portable and easy to use, especially in remote monitoring health-services. However, during the WCE process, the large amount of captured video data demands a significant deal of computation to analyze and retrieve informative video frames. In order to facilitate efficient WCE data collection and browsing task, we present a resource- and bandwidth-aware WCE video summarization framework that extracts the representative keyframes of the WCE video contents by removing redundant and non-informative frames. For redundancy elimination, we use Jeffrey-divergence between color histograms and inter-frame Boolean series-based correlation of color channels. To remove non-informative frames, multi-fractal texture features are extracted to assist the classification using an ensemble-based classifier. Owing to the limited WCE resources, it is impossible for the WCE system to perform computationally intensive video summarization tasks. To resolve computational challenges, mobile-cloud architecture is incorporated, which provides resizable computing capacities by adaptively offloading video summarization tasks between the client and the cloud server. The qualitative and quantitative results are encouraging and show that the proposed framework saves information transmission cost and bandwidth, as well as the valuable time of data analysts in browsing remote sensing data. PMID:25225874

  2. Mobile-cloud assisted video summarization framework for efficient management of remote sensing data generated by wireless capsule sensors.

    PubMed

    Mehmood, Irfan; Sajjad, Muhammad; Baik, Sung Wook

    2014-01-01

    Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) has great advantages over traditional endoscopy because it is portable and easy to use, especially in remote monitoring health-services. However, during the WCE process, the large amount of captured video data demands a significant deal of computation to analyze and retrieve informative video frames. In order to facilitate efficient WCE data collection and browsing task, we present a resource- and bandwidth-aware WCE video summarization framework that extracts the representative keyframes of the WCE video contents by removing redundant and non-informative frames. For redundancy elimination, we use Jeffrey-divergence between color histograms and inter-frame Boolean series-based correlation of color channels. To remove non-informative frames, multi-fractal texture features are extracted to assist the classification using an ensemble-based classifier. Owing to the limited WCE resources, it is impossible for the WCE system to perform computationally intensive video summarization tasks. To resolve computational challenges, mobile-cloud architecture is incorporated, which provides resizable computing capacities by adaptively offloading video summarization tasks between the client and the cloud server. The qualitative and quantitative results are encouraging and show that the proposed framework saves information transmission cost and bandwidth, as well as the valuable time of data analysts in browsing remote sensing data. PMID:25225874

  3. Laser velocimeter measurements of the flowfield generated by an advanced counterrotating propeller

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Podboy, Gary G.; Krupar, Martin J.

    1989-01-01

    Results are presented of an investigation to measure the flowfield generated by an advanced counterrotating pusher propeller model similar to the full-scale Unducted Fan demonstrator engine. A laser Doppler velocimeter was used to measure the velocity field in several planes normal to the centerline of the model at axial stations upstream and downstream of each rotor. During this investigation, blades of the F4/A4 type were installed on the model which was operating in a freestream Mach 0.72 regime, with the advance ratio of each rotor set at 2.80. The measured data indicate only a slight influence of the potential field of each front rotor blade on the flowfield upstream of the rotor. The data measured downstream of the front rotor characterize the tip vortices, vortex sheets and potential field nonuniformities generated by the front rotor. The unsteadiness of the flow in the rotating frame of reference of the aft rotor is also illustrated.

  4. Testing of the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator Engineering Unit at NASA Glenn Research Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lewandowski, Edward J.

    2013-01-01

    The Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) is a high-efficiency generator being developed for potential use on a Discovery 12 space mission. Lockheed Martin designed and fabricated the ASRG Engineering Unit (EU) under contract to the Department of Energy. This unit was delivered to NASA Glenn Research Center in 2008 and has been undergoing extended operation testing to generate long-term performance data for an integrated system. It has also been used for tests to characterize generator operation while varying control parameters and system inputs, both when controlled with an alternating current (AC) bus and with a digital controller. The ASRG EU currently has over 27,000 hours of operation. This paper summarizes all of the tests that have been conducted on the ASRG EU over the past 3 years and provides an overview of the test results and what was learned.

  5. Design of a Facility to Test the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator Engineering Unit

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lewandowski, Edward J.; Schreiber, Jeffrey G.; Oriti, Salvatore M.; Meer, David W.; Brace, Michael H.; Dugala, Gina

    2010-01-01

    The Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG), a high efficiency generator, is being considered for space missions. An engineering unit, the ASRG engineering unit (EU), was designed and fabricated by Lockheed Martin under contract to the Department of Energy. This unit is currently under extended operation test at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) to generate performance data and validate the life and reliability predictions for the generator and the Stirling convertors. A special test facility was designed and built for the ASRG EU. This paper summarizes details of the test facility design, including the mechanical mounting, heat-rejection system, argon system, control systems, and maintenance. The effort proceeded from requirements definition through design, analysis, build, and test. Initial testing and facility performance results are discussed.

  6. Analytical investigation of thermal barrier coatings on advanced power generation gas turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Amos, D. J.

    1977-01-01

    An analytical investigation of present and advanced gas turbine power generation cycles incorporating thermal barrier turbine component coatings was performed. Approximately 50 parametric points considering simple, recuperated, and combined cycles (including gasification) with gas turbine inlet temperatures from current levels through 1644K (2500 F) were evaluated. The results indicated that thermal barriers would be an attractive means to improve performance and reduce cost of electricity for these cycles. A recommended thermal barrier development program has been defined.

  7. Removal of Chloride from Wastewater by Advanced Softening Process Using Electrochemically Generated Aluminum Hydroxide 

    E-print Network

    Mustafa, Syed Faisal

    2014-07-23

    REMOVAL OF CHLORIDE FROM WASTEWATER BY ADVANCED SOFTENING PROCESS USING ELECTROCHEMICALLY GENERATED ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE A Thesis by SYED FAISAL MUSTAFA Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M... University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Chair of Committee, Ahmed Abdel-Wahab Committee Members, Mohamed Nounou Mahmood Amani Head of Department, M. Nazmul Karim August 2014 Major...

  8. Advanced real-time dynamic scene generation techniques for improved performance and fidelity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark H. Bowden; James A. Buford; Anthony J. Mayhall

    2000-01-01

    Recent advances in real-time synthetic scene generation for Hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) testing at the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) improve both performance and fidelity. Modeling ground target scenarios requires tradeoffs because of limited texture memory for imagery and limited main memory for elevation data. High- resolution insets have been used

  9. Advanced light water reactor man-machine interface systems-the next generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. R. Riley

    1988-01-01

    The author describes the efforts of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to provide a new way for designers to view the next generation of LWR (light-water reactor) plants. Specifically, he describes the ALWR (advanced LWR) requirements program with particular emphasis on man-machine interface systems (M-MIS) requirements. Requirements are written for the 100 MWe ALWR evolutionary plant. Conceptual designs are

  10. 3rd-generation MW\\/LWIR sensor engine for advanced tactical systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald F. King; Jason S. Graham; Adam M. Kennedy; Richard N. Mullins; Jeffrey C. McQuitty; William A. Radford; Thomas J. Kostrzewa; Elizabeth A. Patten; Thomas F. McEwan; James G. Vodicka; John J. Wootan

    2008-01-01

    Raytheon has developed a 3rd-Generation FLIR Sensor Engine (3GFSE) for advanced U.S. Army systems. The sensor engine is based around a compact, productized detector-dewar assembly incorporating a 640 x 480 staring dual-band (MW\\/LWIR) focal plane array (FPA) and a dual-aperture coldshield mechanism. The capability to switch the coldshield aperture and operate at either of two widely-varying f\\/#s will enable future

  11. The role of advanced technology in the future of the power generation industry

    SciTech Connect

    Bechtel, T.F.

    1994-10-01

    This presentation reviews the directions that technology has given the power generation industry in the past and how advanced technology will be the key for the future of the industry. The topics of the presentation include how the industry`s history has defined its culture, how today`s economic and regulatory climate has constrained its strategy, and how certain technology options might give some of the players an unfair advantage.

  12. The Time-Frequency Signatures of Advanced Seismic Signals Generated by Debris Flows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chu, C. R.; Huang, C. J.; Lin, C. R.; Wang, C. C.; Kuo, B. Y.; Yin, H. Y.

    2014-12-01

    The seismic monitoring is expected to reveal the process of debris flow from the initial area to alluvial fan, because other field monitoring techniques, such as the video camera and the ultrasonic sensor, are limited by detection range. For this reason, seismic approaches have been used as the detection system of debris flows over the past few decades. The analysis of the signatures of the seismic signals in time and frequency domain can be used to identify the different phases of debris flow. This study dedicates to investigate the different stages of seismic signals due to debris flow, including the advanced signal, the main front, and the decaying tail. Moreover, the characteristics of the advanced signals forward to the approach of main front were discussed for the warning purpose. This study presents a permanent system, composed by two seismometers, deployed along the bank of Ai-Yu-Zi Creek in Nantou County, which is one of the active streams with debris flow in Taiwan. The three axes seismometer with frequency response of 7 sec - 200 Hz was developed by the Institute of Earth Sciences (IES), Academia Sinica for the purpose to detect debris flow. The original idea of replacing the geophone system with the seismometer technique was for catching the advanced signals propagating from the upper reach of the stream before debris flow arrival because of the high sensitivity. Besides, the low frequency seismic waves could be also early detected because of the low attenuation. However, for avoiding other unnecessary ambient vibrations, the sensitivity of seismometer should be lower than the general seismometer for detecting teleseism. Three debris flows with different mean velocities were detected in 2013 and 2014. The typical triangular shape was obviously demonstrated in time series data and the spectrograms of the seismic signals from three events. The frequency analysis showed that enormous debris flow bearing huge boulders would induce low frequency seismic waves. Owing to the less attenuation of low frequency waves, advanced signals mainly ranged between 2 and 10 Hz were detected in several minutes prior to the arrival of the main surge of a debris flow. As the results, the prior time of the advanced signals could be used not only to extend the warning time, but also to identify the initial location of a developing debris flow.

  13. Circuit implementations for high-efficiency video coding tools

    E-print Network

    Tikekar, Mehul (Mehul Deepak)

    2012-01-01

    High-Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) is planned to be the successor video standard to the popular Advanced Video Coding (H.264/AVC) with a targeted 2x improvement in compression at the same quality. This improvement comes ...

  14. Panoramic video in video-mediated education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ouglov, Andrei; Hjelsvold, Rune

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses the use of panoramic video and its benefits in video mediated education. A panoramic view is generated by covering the blackboard by two or more cameras and then stitching the captured videos together. This paper describes the properties and advantages of multi-camera, panoramic video compared to single-camera approaches. One important difference between panoramic video and regular video is that the former has a wider field of view (FOV). As a result, the blackboard covers a larger part of the video screen and the information density is increased. Most importantly, the size of the letters written on the blackboard is enlarged, which improves the student"s ability to clearly read what is written on the blackboard. The panoramic view also allows students to focus their attention on different parts of the blackboard in the same way they would be able to in the classroom. This paper also discussed the results from a study among students where a panoramic view was tested against single-camera views. The study indicates that the students preferred the panoramic view. The students also suggested improvements to could make panoramic video even more beneficial.

  15. Panoramic video in video-mediated education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ouglov, Andrei; Hjelsvold, Rune

    2004-12-01

    This paper discusses the use of panoramic video and its benefits in video mediated education. A panoramic view is generated by covering the blackboard by two or more cameras and then stitching the captured videos together. This paper describes the properties and advantages of multi-camera, panoramic video compared to single-camera approaches. One important difference between panoramic video and regular video is that the former has a wider field of view (FOV). As a result, the blackboard covers a larger part of the video screen and the information density is increased. Most importantly, the size of the letters written on the blackboard is enlarged, which improves the student"s ability to clearly read what is written on the blackboard. The panoramic view also allows students to focus their attention on different parts of the blackboard in the same way they would be able to in the classroom. This paper also discussed the results from a study among students where a panoramic view was tested against single-camera views. The study indicates that the students preferred the panoramic view. The students also suggested improvements to could make panoramic video even more beneficial.

  16. Low female birth weight and advanced maternal age programme alterations in next-generation blastocyst development.

    PubMed

    Master, Jordanna S; Thouas, George A; Harvey, Alexandra J; Sheedy, John R; Hannan, Natalie J; Gardner, David K; Wlodek, Mary E

    2015-05-01

    Low birth weight is associated with an increased risk for adult disease development with recent studies highlighting transmission to subsequent generations. However, the mechanisms and timing of programming of disease transmission to the next generation remain unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of low birth weight and advanced maternal age on second-generation preimplantation blastocysts. Uteroplacental insufficiency or sham surgery was performed in late-gestation WKY pregnant rats, giving rise to first-generation (F1) restricted (born small) and control offspring respectively. F1 control and restricted females, at 4 or 12 months of age, were naturally mated with normal males. Second-generation (F2) blastocysts from restricted females displayed reduced expression of genes related to growth compared with F2 control (P<0.05). Following 24 h culture, F2 restricted blastocysts had accelerated development, with increased total cell number, a result of increased trophectoderm cells compared with control (P<0.05). There were alterations in carbohydrate and serine utilisation in F2 restricted blastocysts and F2 restricted outgrowths from 4-month-old females respectively (P<0.05). F2 blastocysts from aged restricted females were developmentally delayed at retrieval, with reduced total cell number attributable to reduced trophectoderm number with changes in carbohydrate utilisation (P<0.05). Advanced maternal age resulted in alterations in a number of amino acids in media obtained from F2 blastocyst outgrowths (P<0.05). These findings demonstrate that growth restriction and advanced maternal age can alter F2 preimplantation embryo physiology and the subsequent offspring growth. PMID:25667431

  17. Design of a Facility to Test the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator Engineering Unit

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lewandowski, Edward J.; Schreiber, Jeffrey G.; Oriti, Salvatore M.; Meer, David W.; Brace, Michael H.; Dugala, Gina

    2009-01-01

    The Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) is being considered to power deep space missions. An engineering unit, the ASRG-EU, was designed and fabricated by Lockheed Martin under contract to the Department of Energy. This unit is currently on an extended operation test at NASA Glenn Research Center to generate performance data and validate the life and reliability predictions for the generator and the Stirling convertors. A special test facility was designed and built for testing the ASRG-EU. Details of the test facility design are discussed. The facility can operate the convertors under AC bus control or with the ASRG-EU controller. It can regulate input thermal power in either a fixed temperature or fixed power mode. An enclosure circulates cooled air around the ASRG-EU to remove heat rejected from the ASRG-EU by convection. A custom monitoring and data acquisition system supports the test. Various safety features, which allow 2417 unattended operation, are discussed.

  18. The advanced tracking and data relay satellite system - The next generation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brandel, Daniel

    1989-01-01

    NASA is currently performing cost and feasibility studies for the next generation of TDRSS spacecraft. These spacecraft are needed to replenish the current generation of spacecraft and will be available in the 1997 time frame. The next generation of NASA satellites will perform tracking and data relay functions well into the next century. The challenge facing NASA is to provide new services in an evolutionary way without disrupting services provided to current users. Furthermore, these new services must be carefully coordinated with other similar international data relay activities to facilitate efficient and cost effective operation and to avoid interference. This orderly evolution requires careful planning and coordination. This paper describes the reference architecture and the new services under consideration by NASA including data rates and selected frequencies of operation. The paper also describes the planned implementation schedule and defines the evolutionary process from the current TDRSS system through the Space Station Freedom era and the implementation of the Advanced TDRSS.

  19. Object tracking mask-based NLUT on GPUs for real-time generation of holographic videos of three-dimensional scenes.

    PubMed

    Kwon, M-W; Kim, S-C; Yoon, S-E; Ho, Y-S; Kim, E-S

    2015-02-01

    A new object tracking mask-based novel-look-up-table (OTM-NLUT) method is proposed and implemented on graphics-processing-units (GPUs) for real-time generation of holographic videos of three-dimensional (3-D) scenes. Since the proposed method is designed to be matched with software and memory structures of the GPU, the number of compute-unified-device-architecture (CUDA) kernel function calls and the computer-generated hologram (CGH) buffer size of the proposed method have been significantly reduced. It therefore results in a great increase of the computational speed of the proposed method and enables real-time generation of CGH patterns of 3-D scenes. Experimental results show that the proposed method can generate 31.1 frames of Fresnel CGH patterns with 1,920 × 1,080 pixels per second, on average, for three test 3-D video scenarios with 12,666 object points on three GPU boards of NVIDIA GTX TITAN, and confirm the feasibility of the proposed method in the practical application of electro-holographic 3-D displays. PMID:25836082

  20. The multispectral advanced volumetric real-time imaging compositor for real-time distributed scene generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morris, Joseph W.; Ballard, Gary H.; Bunfield, Dennis H.; Peddycoart, Thomas E.; Trimble, Darian E.

    2011-06-01

    AMRDEC has developed the Multi-spectral Advanced Volumetric Real-time Imaging Compositor (MAVRIC) prototype for distributed real-time hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) scene generation. MAVRIC is a dynamic object-based energy conserved scene compositor that can seamlessly convolve distributed scene elements into temporally aligned physicsbased scenes for enhancing existing AMRDEC scene generation codes. The volumetric compositing process accepts input independent of depth order. This real-time compositor framework is built around AMRDEC's ContinuumCore API which provides the common messaging interface leveraging the Neutral Messaging Language (NML) for local, shared memory, reflective memory, network, and remote direct memory access (RDMA) communications and the Joint Signature Image Generator (JSIG) that provides energy conserved scene component interface at each render node. This structure allows for a highly scalable real-time environment capable of rendering individual objects at high fidelity while being considerate of real-time hardware-in-the-loop concerns, such as latency. As such, this system can be scaled to handle highly complex detailed scenes such as urban environments. This architecture provides the basis for common scene generation as it provides disparate scene elements to be calculated by various phenomenology codes and integrated seamlessly into a unified composited environment. This advanced capability is the gateway to higher fidelity scene generation such as ray-tracing. The high speed interconnects using PCI Express and InfiniBand were examined to support distributed scene generation whereby the scene graph, associated phenomenology, and the scene elements can be dynamically distributed across multiple high performance computing assets to maximize system performance.

  1. Development of a Power Electronics Controller for the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leland, Douglas K.; Priest, Joel F.; Keiter, Douglas E.; Schreiber, Jeffrey G.

    2008-01-01

    Under a U.S. Department of Energy program for radioisotope power systems, Lockheed Martin is developing an Engineering Unit of the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG). This is an advanced version of the previously reported SRG110 generator. The ASRG uses Advanced Stirling Convertors (ASCs) developed by Sunpower Incorporated under a NASA Research Announcement contract. The ASRG makes use of a Stirling controller based on power electronics that eliminates the tuning capacitors. The power electronics controller synchronizes dual-opposed convertors and maintains a fixed frequency operating point. The controller is single-fault tolerant and uses high-frequency pulse width modulation to create the sinusoidal currents that are nearly in phase with the piston velocity, eliminating the need for large series tuning capacitors. Sunpower supports this effort through an extension of their controller development intended for other applications. Glenn Research Center (GRC) supports this effort through system dynamic modeling, analysis and test support. The ASRG design arrived at a new baseline based on a system-level trade study and extensive feedback from mission planners on the necessity of single-fault tolerance. This paper presents the baseline design with an emphasis on the power electronics controller detailed design concept that will meet space mission requirements including single fault tolerance.

  2. Dashboard Videos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleue, Alan D.; Depcik, Chris; Peltier, Ted

    2012-01-01

    Last school year, I had a web link emailed to me entitled "A Dashboard Physics Lesson." The link, created and posted by Dale Basier on his "Lab Out Loud" blog, illustrates video of a car's speedometer synchronized with video of the road. These two separate video streams are compiled into one video that students can watch and analyze. After seeing…

  3. Are They Listening Better? Supporting EFL College Students' DVD Video Comprehension with Advance Organizers in a Multimedia English Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Chen-Hong

    2012-01-01

    As technology continues to evolve, authentic multimedia-based teaching materials are widely used in the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classrooms. However, they may lie beyond most language learners' proficiency level. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of advance organizers in conjunction with the cognitive theory of…

  4. TOWARDS THE NEXT GENERATION OF VIDEO AND IMAGE QUALITY METRICS: IMPACT OF DISPLAY, RESOLUTION, CONTENT AND VISUAL ATTENTION IN

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    assessment should be able to manage dependency to other technology issues. New services in relation, CONTENT AND VISUAL ATTENTION IN SUBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT Patrick LE CALLET1 , Stéphane PECHARD1 , Sylvain ABSTRACT Two decades of research in video and image quality assessment has led to the design of subjective

  5. External Magnetic Field Reduction Techniques for the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Niedra, Janis M.; Geng, Steven M.

    2013-01-01

    Linear alternators coupled to high efficiency Stirling engines are strong candidates for thermal-to-electric power conversion in space. However, the magnetic field emissions, both AC and DC, of these permanent magnet excited alternators can interfere with sensitive instrumentation onboard a spacecraft. Effective methods to mitigate the AC and DC electromagnetic interference (EMI) from solenoidal type linear alternators (like that used in the Advanced Stirling Convertor) have been developed for potential use in the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator. The methods developed avoid the complexity and extra mass inherent in data extraction from multiple sensors or the use of shielding. This paper discusses these methods, and also provides experimental data obtained during breadboard testing of both AC and DC external magnetic field devices.

  6. Next Generation Risk Assessment: Incorporation of Recent Advances in Molecular, Computational, and Systems Biology (External Review Draft)

    EPA Science Inventory

    EPA is releasing a draft report "Next Generation Risk Assessment: Incorporation of Recent Advances in Molecular, Computational, and Systems Biology" that explores how new molecular, computational and systems biology data and approaches (together called "NexGen") could better info...

  7. Monolithic solid oxide fuel cell technology advancement for coal-based power generation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-04-14

    The program is conducted by a team consisting of AiResearch Los Angeles Division of Allied-Signal Aerospace Company and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The objective of the program is to advance materials and fabrication methodologies to develop a monolithic solid oxide fuel cell (MSOFC) system capable of meeting performance, life, and cost goals for coal-based power generation. The program focuses on materials research and development, fabrication process development, cell/stack performance testing and characterization, cost and system analysis, and quality development.

  8. Monolithic solid oxide fuel cell technology advancement for coal- based power generation. Quarterly report, December 1991

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-15

    The program is conducted by a team consisting of AiResearch Los Angeles Division of Allied-Signal Aerospace Company and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The objective of the program is to advance materials and fabrication methodologies to develop a monolithic solid oxide fuel cell (MSOFC) system capable of meeting performance, life, and cost goals for coal-based power generation. The program focuses on materials research and development, fabrication process development, cell/stack performance testing and characterization, cost and system analysis, and quality development.

  9. Monolithic solid oxide fuel cell technology advancement for coal- based power generation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-15

    The program is conducted by a team consisting of AiResearch Los Angeles Division of Allied-Signal Aerospace Company and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The objective of the program is to advance materials and fabrication methodologies to develop a monolithic solid oxide fuel cell (MSOFC) system capable of meeting performance, life, and cost goals for coal-based power generation. The program focuses on materials research and development, fabrication process development, cell/stack performance testing and characterization, cost and system analysis, and quality development.

  10. Generation of optimum vertical profiles for an advanced flight management system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sorensen, J. A.; Waters, M. H.

    1981-01-01

    Algorithms for generating minimum fuel or minimum cost vertical profiles are derived and examined. The option for fixing the time of flight is included in the concepts developed. These algorithms form the basis for the design of an advanced on-board flight management system. The variations in the optimum vertical profiles (resulting from these concepts) due to variations in wind, takeoff mass, and range-to-destination are presented. Fuel savings due to optimum climb, free cruise altitude, and absorbing delays enroute are examined.

  11. Application of the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite to teleradiology and real-time compressed ultrasound video telemedicine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brent K. Stewart; Stephen J. Carter; Jay N. Cook; Brian S. Abbe; Deborah Pinck; Alan H. Rowberg

    1999-01-01

    The authors have investigated the application of the NASA Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS) to teleradiology\\u000a and telemedicine using the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)-developed ACTS Mobile Terminal (AMT) uplink. In this experiment,\\u000a bidirectional 128, 256, and 384 kbps satellite links were established between the ACTS\\/AMT, the ACTS in geosynchronous orbit,\\u000a and the downlink terrestrial terminal at JPL. A terrestrial Integrated

  12. Generation of high-quality electron beams from a laser-based advanced accelerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, M. M. Elsied; Nasr, A. M. Hafz; Li, Song; Mohammad, Mirzaie; Thomas, Sokollik; Zhang, Jie

    2015-06-01

    At Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) we have established a research laboratory for advanced acceleration research based on high-power lasers and plasma technologies. In a primary experiment based on the laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) scheme, multi-hundred MeV electron beams of reasonable quality are generated using 20–40 TW, 30 femtosecond laser pulses interacting independently with helium, neon, nitrogen and argon gas jet targets. The laser-plasma interaction conditions are optimized for stabilizing the electron beam generation from each type of gas. The electron beam pointing angle stability and divergence angle as well as the energy spectra from each gas jet are measured and compared. Supported by 973 National Basic Research Program of China (2013CBA01504) and Natural Science Foundation of China NSFC (11121504, 11334013, 11175119, 11374209)

  13. Biotechnology, Video Games, Rapid Prototyping

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV deals with biotechnology, video game design, and rapid prototyping. It can be viewed whole or in three segments: "Biotechnology Student Marina Watanabe on Why She Chose to Attend a Community College," "Video Game Design Student Brent Parsons on the Growing Market for Computer Simulations," and "What is Rapid Prototyping?" The running time for the full episode is 8:29.

  14. Beyond rain: Advances in measurements of solid or mixed phase precipitation using a 2D-Video-Distrometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwinzerl, Martin; Schönhuber, Michael; Lammer, Günter

    2015-04-01

    The requirement to estimate for each individual hydrometeor precipitation parameters such as shape, equi-voluminous diameter, fall velocity, height to width ratio, and canting angle gave rise to the development of the family of 2D-Video-Distrometer (2DVD) measurement devices. The measurement principle of the 2DVD is based upon the ability to acquire a side- and front view onto each particle by virtue of two orthogonally arranged high-speed line-scan cameras. The cameras are displaced vertically towards each other by a precisely determined distance in the ballpark of 6 mm, thus allowing the estimation of the vertical fall velocity in-situ on a per-particle basis. The geometrical and velocity information, sampled over a measurement surface of approx. 100 x 100 mm in this way, is then used to derive observables like rain rate and the accumulated equivalent amount of precipitation with a high degree of statistical relevance. One of the biggest assets of this measurement principle is the ability to perform measurements without relying on any externally provided model or phenomenological relationship between observables like particle shape and velocity. For liquid precipitation in the form of natural rain, this allows for example to verify whether established relationships - like, for example, the tabulated values for diameter vs. vertical velocity provided by Gunn & Kinzer - can be reproduced in sampled datasets. For mixed-phase and solid precipitation, different types of hydrometeors like for example different snow flake families, hail and graupel yield - depending on parameters like for example the water content and therefor, in turn, the density of the particle - very diverse results with respect to expected fall velocity, oblateness, or general shape for a given diameter class. The ability of the 2DVD to capture these parameters directly and without reliance on externally provided relationships, has contributed to the attractiveness of this measurement device for in-situ measurements of such mixed or solid precipitation. One of the biggest challenges identified in this specific field of application of the 2DVD is to reliably match the individual shapes gathered by the two cameras, especially in the presence of many potential matching partners during heavy and dense precipitation. By continuously refining of the established matching procedures originating from the rain measurements and adapting the parameters entering this matching algorithm, this challenge has been addressed with respect to the 2DVD. We will provide a summary of some of the recent developments and specific improvements in this area and will also outline the potential of applying the results found towards this end on the related development of a 1D-Video-Distrometer (1DVD), which in contrast to the 2DVD would have to rely on externally provided information in order to obtain a similar quality of results.

  15. Advanced glycation end products delay corneal epithelial wound healing through reactive oxygen species generation.

    PubMed

    Shi, Long; Chen, Hongmei; Yu, Xiaoming; Wu, Xinyi

    2013-11-01

    Delayed healing of corneal epithelial wounds is a serious complication in diabetes. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are intimately associated with the diabetic complications and are deleterious to the wound healing process. However, the effect of AGEs on corneal epithelial wound healing has not yet been evaluated. In the present study, we investigated the effect of AGE-modified bovine serum albumin (BSA) on corneal epithelial wound healing and its underlying mechanisms. Our data showed that AGE-BSA significantly increased the generation of intracellular ROS in telomerase-immortalized human corneal epithelial cells. However, the generation of intracellular ROS was completely inhibited by antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC), anti-receptor of AGEs (RAGE) antibodies, or the inhibitor of NADPH oxidase. Moreover, AGE-BSA increased NADPH oxidase activity and protein expression of NADPH oxidase subunits, p22phox and Nox4, but anti-RAGE antibodies eliminated these effects. Furthermore, prevention of intracellular ROS generation using NAC or anti-RAGE antibodies rescued AGE-BSA-delayed epithelial wound healing in porcine corneal organ culture. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that AGE-BSA impaired corneal epithelial wound healing ex vivo. AGE-BSA increased intracellular ROS generation through NADPH oxidase activation, which accounted for the delayed corneal epithelial wound healing. These results may provide better insights for understanding the mechanism of delayed healing of corneal epithelial wounds in diabetes. PMID:23955437

  16. The Next Generation Nuclear Plant/Advanced Gas Reactor Fuel Irradiation Experiments in the Advanced Test Reactor

    SciTech Connect

    S. Blaine Grover

    2009-09-01

    The United States Department of Energy’s Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Program will be irradiating eight separate low enriched uranium (LEU) tri-isotopic (TRISO) particle fuel (in compact form) experiments in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) located at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The ATR has a long history of irradiation testing in support of reactor development and the INL has been designated as the new United States Department of Energy’s lead laboratory for nuclear energy development. The ATR is one of the world’s premiere test reactors for performing long term, high flux, and/or large volume irradiation test programs. These irradiations and fuel development are being accomplished to support development of the next generation reactors in the United States, and will be irradiated over the next ten years to demonstrate and qualify new particle fuel for use in high temperature gas reactors. The goals of the irradiation experiments are to provide irradiation performance data to support fuel process development, to qualify fuel for normal operating conditions, to support development and validation of fuel performance and fission product transport models and codes, and to provide irradiated fuel and materials for post irradiation examination (PIE) and safety testing. The experiments, which will each consist of at least six separate capsules, will be irradiated in an inert sweep gas atmosphere with individual on-line temperature monitoring and control of each capsule. The sweep gas will also have on-line fission product monitoring on its effluent to track performance of the fuel in each individual capsule during irradiation. The first experiment (designated AGR-1) started irradiation in December 2006, and the second experiment (AGR-2) is currently in the design phase. The design of test trains, as well as the support systems and fission product monitoring system that will monitor and control the experiment during irradiation will be discussed. In addition, the purpose and differences between the two experiments will be compared and the irradiation results to date on the first experiment will be presented.

  17. Packetized video on MAGNET

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lazar, Aurel A.; White, John S.

    1986-11-01

    Theoretical analysis of an ILAN model of MAGNET, an integrated network testbed developed at Columbia University, shows that the bandwidth freed up by video and voice calls during periods of little movement in the images and silence periods in the speech signals could be utilized efficiently for graphics and data transmission. Based on these investigations, an architecture supporting adaptive protocols that are dynamically controlled by the requirements of a fluctuating load and changing user environment has been advanced. To further analyze the behavior of the network, a real-time packetized video system has been implemented. This system is embedded in the real time multimedia workstation EDDY that integrates video, voice and data traffic flows. Protocols supporting variable bandwidth, constant quality packetized video transport are descibed in detail.

  18. Packetized Video On MAGNET

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lazar, Aurel A.; White, John S.

    1987-07-01

    Theoretical analysis of integrated local area network model of MAGNET, an integrated network testbed developed at Columbia University, shows that the bandwidth freed up during video and voice calls during periods of little movement in the images and periods of silence in the speech signals could be utilized efficiently for graphics and data transmission. Based on these investigations, an architecture supporting adaptive protocols that are dynamicaly controlled by the requirements of a fluctuating load and changing user environment has been advanced. To further analyze the behavior of the network, a real-time packetized video system has been implemented. This system is embedded in the real-time multimedia workstation EDDY, which integrates video, voice, and data traffic flows. Protocols supporting variable-bandwidth, fixed-quality packetized video transport are described in detail.

  19. Advanced Microsensors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    This video looks at a spinoff application of the technology from advanced microsensors -- those that monitor and determine conditions of spacecraft like the Space Shuttle. The application featured is concerned with the monitoring of the health of premature babies.

  20. Scalable Video transmission on overlay networks Tien Anh Le, and Hang Nguyen

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Scalable Video transmission on overlay networks Tien Anh Le, and Hang Nguyen Department of Wireless.Nguyen}@it-sudparis.eu Abstract--Scalable Video Coding is the multi-layer extension of Advanced Video Coding with the advantage. In this research, ad- vanced features of Scalable Video Coding are investigated and compared with Advanced Video

  1. Discovery Videos

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The use of digital video for instruction has many advantages. In many situations the only way to present some chemical phenomena is through the use of video. The two video lessons presented here are examples intended to supplement our article in the August 2003 issue of JCE.

  2. Highlight ranking for sports video browsing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaofeng Tong; Qingshan Liu; Yifan Zhang; Hanqing Lu

    2005-01-01

    Sports video has been extensively studied for its wide viewer-ship and tremendous commercial potentials. Many studies focused on highlight extraction for summarizing a lengthy video. In this paper, we present an advanced highlight analysis system for sports video browsing, in which highlight evaluation and ranking are concerned besides highlight detection. First, we use replay detection to efficiently localize the highlights.

  3. Advanced real-time dynamic scene generation techniques for improved performance and fidelity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bowden, Mark H.; Buford, James A.; Mayhall, Anthony J.

    2000-07-01

    Recent advances in real-time synthetic scene generation for Hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) testing at the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) improve both performance and fidelity. Modeling ground target scenarios requires tradeoffs because of limited texture memory for imagery and limited main memory for elevation data. High- resolution insets have been used in the past to provide better fidelity in specific areas, such as in the neighborhood of a target. Improvements for ground scenarios include smooth transitions for high-resolution insets to reduce high spatial frequency artifacts at the borders of the inset regions and dynamic terrain paging to support large area databases. Transport lag through the scene generation system, including sensor emulation and interface components, has been dealt with in the past through the use of sub-window extraction from oversize scenes. This compensates for spatial effects of transport lag but not temporal effects. A new system has been developed and used successfully to compensate for a flashing coded beacon in the scene. Other techniques have been developed to synchronize the scene generator with the seeker under test (SUT) and to model atmospheric effects, sensor optic and electronics, and angular emissivity attenuation.

  4. Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator Engineering Unit 2 (ASRG EU2) Final Assembly

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Oriti, Salvatore M.

    2015-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has recently completed the assembly of a unique Stirling generator test article for laboratory experimentation. Under the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) flight development contract, NASA GRC initiated a task to design and fabricate a flight-like generator for in-house testing. This test article was given the name ASRG Engineering Unit 2 (EU2) as it was effectively the second engineering unit to be built within the ASRG project. The intent of the test article was to duplicate Lockheed Martin's qualification unit ASRG design as much as possible to enable system-level tests not previously possible at GRC. After the cancellation of the ASRG flight development project, the decision was made to continue the EU2 build, and make use of a portion of the hardware from the flight development project. GRC and Lockheed Martin engineers collaborated to develop assembly procedures, leveraging the valuable knowledge gathered by Lockheed Martin during the ASRG development contract. The ASRG EU2 was then assembled per these procedures at GRC with Lockheed Martin engineers on site. The assembly was completed in August 2014. This paper details the components that were used for the assembly, and the assembly process itself.

  5. Skin Paths for Contextual Flagging Adult Videos

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julian Stöttinger; Allan Hanbury; Christian Liensberger; Rehanullah Khan

    2009-01-01

    User generated video content has become increasingly popular, with a large number of internet video sharing portals appearing.\\u000a Many portals wish to rapidly find and remove objectionable material from the uploaded videos. This paper considers the flagging\\u000a of uploaded videos as potentially objectionable due to sexual content of an adult nature. Such videos are often characterized\\u000a by the presence of

  6. NASA's Advanced Propulsion Technology Activities for Third Generation Fully Reusable Launch Vehicle Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hueter, Uwe

    2000-01-01

    NASA's Office of Aeronautics and Space Transportation Technology (OASTT) established the following three major goals, referred to as "The Three Pillars for Success": Global Civil Aviation, Revolutionary Technology Leaps, and Access to Space. The Advanced Space Transportation Program Office (ASTP) at the NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala. focuses on future space transportation technologies under the "Access to Space" pillar. The Propulsion Projects within ASTP under the investment area of Spaceliner100, focus on the earth-to-orbit (ETO) third generation reusable launch vehicle technologies. The goals of Spaceliner 100 is to reduce cost by a factor of 100 and improve safety by a factor of 10,000 over current conditions. The ETO Propulsion Projects in ASTP, are actively developing combination/combined-cycle propulsion technologies that utilized airbreathing propulsion during a major portion of the trajectory. System integration, components, materials and advanced rocket technologies are also being pursued. Over the last several years, one of the main thrusts has been to develop rocket-based combined cycle (RBCC) technologies. The focus has been on conducting ground tests of several engine designs to establish the RBCC flowpaths performance. Flowpath testing of three different RBCC engine designs is progressing. Additionally, vehicle system studies are being conducted to assess potential operational space access vehicles utilizing combined-cycle propulsion systems. The design, manufacturing, and ground testing of a scale flight-type engine are planned. The first flight demonstration of an airbreathing combined cycle propulsion system is envisioned around 2005. The paper will describe the advanced propulsion technologies that are being being developed under the ETO activities in the ASTP program. Progress, findings, and future activities for the propulsion technologies will be discussed.

  7. Conceptual design of an advanced Stirling conversion system for terrestrial power generation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    A free piston Stirling engine coupled to an electric generator or alternator with a nominal kWe power output absorbing thermal energy from a nominal 100 square meter parabolic solar collector and supplying electric power to a utility grid was identified. The results of the conceptual design study of an Advanced Stirling Conversion System (ASCS) were documented. The objectives are as follows: define the ASCS configuration; provide a manufacturability and cost evaluation; predict ASCS performance over the range of solar input required to produce power; estimate system and major component weights; define engine and electrical power condidtioning control requirements; and define key technology needs not ready by the late 1980s in meeting efficiency, life, cost, and with goalds for the ASCS.

  8. A Plan for Advanced Guidance and Control Technology for 2nd Generation Reusable Launch Vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hanson, John M.; Fogle, Frank (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    Advanced guidance and control (AG&C) technologies are critical for meeting safety/reliability and cost requirements for the next generation of reusable launch vehicle (RLV). This becomes clear upon examining the number of expendable launch vehicle failures in the recent past where AG&C technologies would have saved a RLV with the same failure mode, the additional vehicle problems where this technology applies, and the costs associated with mission design with or without all these failure issues. The state-of-the-art in guidance and control technology, as well as in computing technology, is at the point where we can took to the possibility of being able to safely return a RLV in any situation where it can physically be recovered. This paper outlines reasons for AG&C, current technology efforts, and the additional work needed for making this goal a reality.

  9. Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator Thermal Power Model in Thermal Desktop SINDA/FLUINT Analyzer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Xiao-Yen; Fabanich, William A.; Schmitz, Paul C.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a three-dimensional Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) thermal power model that was built using the Thermal Desktop SINDA/FLUINT thermal analyzer. The model was correlated with ASRG engineering unit (EU) test data and ASRG flight unit predictions from Lockheed Martin's Ideas TMG thermal model. ASRG performance under (1) ASC hot-end temperatures, (2) ambient temperatures, and (3) years of mission for the general purpose heat source fuel decay was predicted using this model for the flight unit. The results were compared with those reported by Lockheed Martin and showed good agreement. In addition, the model was used to study the performance of the ASRG flight unit for operations on the ground and on the surface of Titan, and the concept of using gold film to reduce thermal loss through insulation was investigated.

  10. Advancing the development of glycated protein biosensing technology: next-generation sensing molecules.

    PubMed

    Kameya, Miho; Sakaguchi-Mikami, Akane; Ferri, Stefano; Tsugawa, Wakako; Sode, Koji

    2015-03-01

    Research advances in biochemical molecules have led to the development of convenient and reproducible biosensing molecules for glycated proteins, such as those based on the enzymes fructosyl amino acid oxidase (FAOX) or fructosyl peptide oxidase (FPOX). Recently, more attractive biosensing molecules with potential applications in next-generation biosensing of glycated proteins have been aggressively reported. We review 2 such molecules, fructosamine 6-kinase (FN6K) and fructosyl amino acid-binding protein, as well as their recent applications in the development of glycated protein biosensing systems. Research on FN6K and fructosyl amino acid-binding protein has been opening up new possibilities for the development of highly sensitive and proteolytic-digestion-free biosensing systems for glycated proteins. PMID:25627465

  11. Generation of skeletal muscle cells from pluripotent stem cells: advances and challenges.

    PubMed

    Abujarour, Ramzey; Valamehr, Bahram

    2015-01-01

    Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) possess unlimited proliferative potential while maintaining the ability to differentiate into any cell type including skeletal muscle cells (SMCs). hPSCs are amenable to genetic editing and can be derived from patient somatic cells, and thus represent a promising option for cell therapies for the treatment of degenerative diseases such as muscular dystrophies. There are unresolved challenges however associated with the derivation and scale-up of hPSCs and generation of differentiated cells in large quantity and high purity. Reported myogenic differentiation protocols are long, require cell sorting and/or rely on ectopic expression of myogenic master regulators. More recent advances have been made with the application of small molecules to enhance the myogenic differentiation efficiency and the identification of more selective markers for the enrichment of myogenic progenitors with enhanced regenerative potential. Here we review the field of myogenic differentiation and highlight areas requiring further research. PMID:26029693

  12. Intrinsic Chemiluminescence Generation during Advanced Oxidation of Persistent Halogenated Aromatic Carcinogens.

    PubMed

    Mao, Li; Liu, Yu-Xiang; Huang, Chun-Hua; Gao, Hui-Ying; Kalyanaraman, Balaraman; Zhu, Ben-Zhan

    2015-07-01

    The ubiquitous distribution coupled with their carcinogenicity has raised public concerns on the potential risks to both human health and the ecosystem posed by the halogenated aromatic compounds (XAr). Recently, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have been increasingly favored as an "environmentally-green" technology for the remediation of such recalcitrant and highly toxic XAr. Here, we show that AOPs-mediated degradation of the priority pollutant pentachlorophenol and all other XAr produces an intrinsic chemiluminescence that directly depends on the generation of the extremely reactive hydroxyl radicals. We propose that the hydroxyl radical-dependent formation of quinoid intermediates and electronically excited carbonyl species is responsible for this unusual chemiluminescence production. A rapid, sensitive, simple, and effective chemiluminescence method was developed to quantify trace amounts of XAr and monitor their real-time degradation kinetics. These findings may have broad biological and environmental implications for future research on this important class of halogenated persistent organic pollutants. PMID:26009932

  13. Battery-free Wireless Sensor Network For Advanced Fossil-Fuel Based Power Generation

    SciTech Connect

    Yi Jia

    2011-02-28

    This report summarizes technical progress achieved during the project supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE-FG26-07NT4306. The aim of the project was to conduct basic research into battery-free wireless sensing mechanism in order to develop novel wireless sensors and sensor network for physical and chemical parameter monitoring in a harsh environment. Passive wireless sensing platform and five wireless sensors including temperature sensor, pressure sensor, humidity sensor, crack sensor and networked sensors developed and demonstrated in our laboratory setup have achieved the objective for the monitoring of various physical and chemical parameters in a harsh environment through remote power and wireless sensor communication, which is critical to intelligent control of advanced power generation system. This report is organized by the sensors developed as detailed in each progress report.

  14. Social Properties of Mobile Video

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitchell, April Slayden; O'Hara, Kenton; Vorbau, Alex

    Mobile video is now an everyday possibility with a wide array of commercially available devices, services, and content. These new technologies have created dramatic shifts in the way video-based media can be produced, consumed, and delivered by people beyond the familiar behaviors associated with fixed TV and video technologies. Such technology revolutions change the way users behave and change their expectations in regards to their mobile video experiences. Building upon earlier studies of mobile video, this paper reports on a study using diary techniques and ethnographic interviews to better understand how people are using commercially available mobile video technologies in their everyday lives. Drawing on reported episodes of mobile video behavior, the study identifies the social motivations and values underpinning these behaviors that help characterize mobile video consumption beyond the simplistic notion of viewing video only to kill time. This paper also discusses the significance of user-generated content and the usage of video in social communities through the description of two mobile video technology services that allow users to create and share content. Implications for adoption and design of mobile video technologies and services are discussed as well.

  15. Three-dimensional unsteady flow calculations in an advanced gas generator turbine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rangwalla, Akil A.

    1993-01-01

    This paper deals with the application of a three-dimensional, unsteady Navier-Stokes code for predicting the unsteady flow in a single stage of an advanced gas generator turbine. The numerical method solves the three-dimensional thin-layer Navier-Stokes equations, using a system of overlaid grids, which allow for relative motion between the rotor and stator airfoils. Results in the form of time averaged pressures and pressure amplitudes on the airfoil surfaces will be shown. In addition, instantaneous contours of pressure, Mach number, etc. will be presented in order to provide a greater understanding of the inviscid as well as the viscous aspects of the flowfield. Also, relevant secondary flow features such as cross-plane velocity vectors and total pressure contours will be presented. Prior work in two-dimensions has indicated that for the advanced designs, the unsteady interactions can play a significant role in turbine performance. These interactions affect not only the stage efficiency but can substantially alter the time-averaged features of the flow. This work is a natural extension of the work done in two-dimensions and hopes to address some of the issues raised by the two-dimensional calculations. These calculations are being performed as an integral part of an actual design process and demonstrate the value of unsteady rotor-stator interaction calculations in the design of turbomachines.

  16. NASA Glenn Research Center Support of the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator Project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, Scott D.; Wong, Wayne A.

    2015-01-01

    A high-efficiency radioisotope power system was being developed for long-duration NASA space science missions. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) managed a flight contract with Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company to build Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generators (ASRGs), with support from NASA Glenn Research Center. DOE initiated termination of that contract in late 2013, primarily due to budget constraints. Sunpower, Inc., held two parallel contracts to produce Advanced Stirling Convertors (ASCs), one with Lockheed Martin to produce ASC-F flight units, and one with Glenn for the production of ASC-E3 engineering unit "pathfinders" that are built to the flight design. In support of those contracts, Glenn provided testing, materials expertise, Government-furnished equipment, inspection capabilities, and related data products to Lockheed Martin and Sunpower. The technical support included material evaluations, component tests, convertor characterization, and technology transfer. Material evaluations and component tests were performed on various ASC components in order to assess potential life-limiting mechanisms and provide data for reliability models. Convertor level tests were conducted to characterize performance under operating conditions that are representative of various mission conditions. Despite termination of the ASRG flight development contract, NASA continues to recognize the importance of high-efficiency ASC power conversion for Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) and continues investment in the technology, including the continuation of the ASC-E3 contract. This paper describes key Government support for the ASRG project and future tests to be used to provide data for ongoing reliability assessments.

  17. New generation of cryogen free advanced superconducting magnets for neutron scattering experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirichek, O.; Brown, J.; Adroja, D. T.; Manuel, P.; Kouzmenko, G.; Bewley, R. I.; Wotherspoon, R.

    2012-12-01

    Recent advances in superconducting technology and cryocooler refrigeration have resulted in a new generation of advanced superconducting magnets for neutron beam applications. These magnets have outstanding parameters such as high homogeneity and stability at highest magnetic fields possible, a reasonably small stray field, low neutron scattering background and larger exposure to neutron detectors. At the same time the pulse tube refrigeration technology provides a complete re-condensing regime which allows to minimise the requirements for cryogens without introducing additional noise and mechanical vibrations. The magnets can be used with dilution refrigerator insert which expands the temperature range from 20mK to 300K. Here we are going to present design, test results and the operational data of the 14T magnet for neutron diffraction and the 9T wide angle chopper magnet for neutron spectroscopy developed by Oxford Instruments in collaboration with ISIS neutron source. First scientific results obtained from the neutron scattering experiments with these magnets are also going to be discussed.

  18. Digital video.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Don; Johnson, Mike

    2004-04-01

    The process of digital capture, editing, and archiving video has become an important aspect of documenting arthroscopic surgery. Recording the arthroscopic findings before and after surgery is an essential part of the patient's medical record. The hardware and software has become more reasonable to purchase, but the learning curve to master the software is steep. Digital video is captured at the time of arthroscopy to a hard disk, and written to a CD at the end of the operative procedure. The process of obtaining video of open procedures is more complex. Outside video of the procedure is recorded on digital tape with a digital video camera. The camera must be plugged into a computer to capture the video on the hard disk. Adobe Premiere software is used to edit the video and render the finished video to the hard drive. This finished video is burned onto a CD. We outline the choice of computer hardware and software for the manipulation of digital video. The techniques of backup and archiving the completed projects and files also are outlined. The uses of digital video for education and the formats that can be used in PowerPoint presentations are discussed. PMID:15123920

  19. Supporting Development for the Stirling Radioisotope Generator and Advanced Stirling Technology Development at NASA Glenn

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thieme, Lanny G.; Schreiber, Jeffrey G.

    2005-01-01

    A high-efficiency, 110-W(sub e) (watts electric) Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG110) for possible use on future NASA Space Science missions is being developed by the Department of Energy, Lockheed Martin, Stirling Technology Company (STC), and NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). Potential mission use includes providing spacecraft onboard electric power for deep space missions and power for unmanned Mars rovers. GRC is conducting an in-house supporting technology project to assist in SRG110 development. One-, three-, and six-month heater head structural benchmark tests have been completed in support of a heater head life assessment. Testing is underway to evaluate the key epoxy bond of the permanent magnets to the linear alternator stator lamination stack. GRC has completed over 10,000 hours of extended duration testing of the Stirling convertors for the SRG110, and a three-year test of two Stirling convertors in a thermal vacuum environment will be starting shortly. GRC is also developing advanced technology for Stirling convertors, aimed at substantially improving the specific power and efficiency of the convertor and the overall generator. Sunpower, Inc. has begun the development of a lightweight Stirling convertor, under a NASA Research Announcement (NRA) award, that has the potential to double the system specific power to about 8 W(sub e) per kilogram. GRC has performed random vibration testing of a lowerpower version of this convertor to evaluate robustness for surviving launch vibrations. STC has also completed the initial design of a lightweight convertor. Status of the development of a multi-dimensional computational fluid dynamics code and high-temperature materials work on advanced superalloys, refractory metal alloys, and ceramics are also discussed.

  20. Computer animation via optical video disc

    E-print Network

    Bender, Walter

    1981-01-01

    This paper explores the notion of marrying two technologies: raster-scan computer animation and optical video discs. Animated sequences, generated at non real-time rates, then transfered to video disc, can be recalled under ...

  1. Representing videos in tangible products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fageth, Reiner; Weiting, Ralf

    2014-03-01

    Videos can be taken with nearly every camera, digital point and shoot cameras, DSLRs as well as smartphones and more and more with so-called action cameras mounted on sports devices. The implementation of videos while generating QR codes and relevant pictures out of the video stream via a software implementation was contents in last years' paper. This year we present first data about what contents is displayed and how the users represent their videos in printed products, e.g. CEWE PHOTOBOOKS and greeting cards. We report the share of the different video formats used, the number of images extracted out of the video in order to represent the video, the positions in the book and different design strategies compared to regular books.

  2. Status of advanced fuel candidates for Sodium Fast Reactor within the Generation IV International Forum

    SciTech Connect

    F. Delage; J. Carmack; C. B. Lee; T. Mizuno; M. Pelletier; J. Somers

    2013-10-01

    The main challenge for fuels for future Sodium Fast Reactor systems is the development and qualification of a nuclear fuel sub-assembly which meets the Generation IV International Forum goals. The Advanced Fuel project investigates high burn-up minor actinide bearing fuels as well as claddings and wrappers to withstand high neutron doses and temperatures. The R&D outcome of national and collaborative programs has been collected and shared between the AF project members in order to review the capability of sub-assembly material and fuel candidates, to identify the issues and select the viable options. Based on historical experience and knowledge, both oxide and metal fuels emerge as primary options to meet the performance and the reliability goals of Generation IV SFR systems. There is a significant positive experience on carbide fuels but major issues remain to be overcome: strong in-pile swelling, atmosphere required for fabrication as well as Pu and Am losses. The irradiation performance database for nitride fuels is limited with longer term R&D activities still required. The promising core material candidates are Ferritic/Martensitic (F/M) and Oxide Dispersed Strengthened (ODS) steels.

  3. Advances in the RF atomic iodine generator for oxygen-iodine laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jirásek, Vít; Schmiedberger, Josef; ?enský, Miroslav; Kodymová, Jarmila

    2010-09-01

    Recent advances in the RF atomic iodine generator for oxygen-iodine lasers are presented. The generator is based on the RF discharge dissociation of a suitable iodine donor immediately before its injection to the flow of singlet oxygen. The discharge is ignited directly in the iodine injector, and the configuration is ready for the laser operation. The dissociation fraction was derived from the atomic iodine number density measured at a presupposed position of laser resonator. The dissociation fraction and the fraction of RF power spent on the dissociation (discharge dissociation efficiency) were measured for the following donors: CH3I, CF3I and HI. A significant improvement of the discharge stability was achieved by increasing the cross-sectional area of the exit injection holes and employing a tangential inlet of working gas into the discharge chamber. The flow rates 0.15 mmol/s and 0.19 mmol/s of produced atomic iodine were achieved using the HI and CF3I, respectively. The atomic iodine number density in the supersonic flow attained 4.22 × 1014 cm-3. The dissociation efficiency was substantially better for HI than for studied organic iodides.

  4. Next Generation Climate Change Experiments Needed to Advance Knowledge and for Assessment of CMIP6

    SciTech Connect

    Katzenberger, John [AGCI; Arnott, James [AGCI; Wright, Alyson [AGCI

    2014-10-30

    The Aspen Global Change Institute hosted a technical science workshop entitled, “Next generation climate change experiments needed to advance knowledge and for assessment of CMIP6,” on August 4-9, 2013 in Aspen, CO. Jerry Meehl (NCAR), Richard Moss (PNNL), and Karl Taylor (LLNL) served as co-chairs for the workshop which included the participation of 32 scientists representing most of the major climate modeling centers for a total of 160 participant days. In August 2013, AGCI gathered a high level meeting of representatives from major climate modeling centers around the world to assess achievements and lessons learned from the most recent generation of coordinated modeling experiments known as the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project – 5 (CMIP5) as well as to scope out the science questions and coordination structure desired for the next anticipated phase of modeling experiments called CMIP6. The workshop allowed for reflection on the coordination of the CMIP5 process as well as intercomparison of model results, such as were assessed in the most recent IPCC 5th Assessment Report, Working Group 1. For example, this slide from Masahiro Watanabe examines performance on a range of models capturing Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC).

  5. System identification to characterize human use of ethanol based on generative point-process models of video games with ethanol rewards.

    PubMed

    Ozil, Ipek; Plawecki, Martin H; Doerschuk, Peter C; O'Connor, Sean J

    2011-01-01

    The influence of family history and genetics on the risk for the development of abuse or dependence is a major theme in alcoholism research. Recent research have used endophenotypes and behavioral paradigms to help detect further genetic contributions to this disease. Electronic tasks, essentially video games, which provide alcohol as a reward in controlled environments and with specified exposures have been developed to explore some of the behavioral and subjective characteristics of individuals with or at risk for alcohol substance use disorders. A generative model (containing parameters with unknown values) of a simple game involving a progressive work paradigm is described along with the associated point process signal processing that allows system identification of the model. The system is demonstrated on human subject data. The same human subject completing the task under different circumstances, e.g., with larger and smaller alcohol reward values, is assigned different parameter values. Potential meanings of the different parameter values are described. PMID:22254898

  6. Button Blender: Remixing Input to Improve Video Game Accessibility

    E-print Network

    Kane, Shaun K.

    Button Blender: Remixing Input to Improve Video Game Accessibility Abstract Over time, advances in video game system hardware have facilitated the evolution of video game mechanics from simple to complex Interfaces and Presentation: User Interfaces - Input Devices and Strategies Introduction Video games

  7. Manipulation and Compositing of MC-DCT Compressed Video

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shih-fu Chang; David G. Messerschmitt

    1995-01-01

    Abstract Many advanced video applications require manipulations of compressed video signals Popular video manipula - tion functions include overlap (opaque or semi - transparent), translation, scaling, linear filtering, rotation, and pixel multiplication In this paper, we propose algorithms to manipulate compressed video in the compressed domain Specifically , we focus on compression algorithms using the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) with

  8. Manipulation and Compositing of MC-DCT Compressed Video

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shih-fu Chang; David G. Messersc

    1994-01-01

    Many advanced video applications require manipulations of compressed video signals. Popular video manipulation functions include overlap (opaque or semi-transparent), translation, scaling, linear filtering, rotation, and pixel multiplication. In this paper, we propose algorithms to manipulate compressed video in the compressed domain. Specifically, we focus on compression algorithms using the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) with or without Motion Compensation (MC). Compression

  9. Final LDRD report : advanced materials for next generation high-efficiency thermochemistry.

    SciTech Connect

    Ambrosini, Andrea; Miller, James Edward; Allendorf, Mark D. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA; Coker, Eric Nicholas; Ermanoski, Ivan; Hogan, Roy E.,; McDaniel, Anthony H. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA

    2014-01-01

    Despite rapid progress, solar thermochemistry remains high risk; improvements in both active materials and reactor systems are needed. This claim is supported by studies conducted both prior to and as part of this project. Materials offer a particular large opportunity space as, until recently, very little effort apart from basic thermodynamic analysis was extended towards understanding this most fundamental component of a metal oxide thermochemical cycle. Without this knowledge, system design was hampered, but more importantly, advances in these crucial materials were rare and resulted more from intuition rather than detailed insight. As a result, only two basic families of potentially viable solid materials have been widely considered, each of which has significant challenges. Recent efforts towards applying an increased level of scientific rigor to the study of thermochemical materials have provided a much needed framework and insights toward developing the next generation of highly improved thermochemically active materials. The primary goal of this project was to apply this hard-won knowledge to rapidly advance the field of thermochemistry to produce a material within 2 years that is capable of yielding CO from CO2 at a 12.5 % reactor efficiency. Three principal approaches spanning a range of risk and potential rewards were pursued: modification of known materials, structuring known materials, and identifying/developing new materials for the application. A newly developed best-of-class material produces more fuel (9x more H2, 6x more CO) under milder conditions than the previous state of the art. Analyses of thermochemical reactor and system efficiencies and economics were performed and a new hybrid concept was reported. The larger case for solar fuels was also further refined and documented.

  10. Waterjet Videos

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Waterjet Video Vault contains clips of waterjet machines in action. The video of the foam cutting procedure is especially interesting, as it shows how quick and accurate the machining process can be. Other videos include a waterjet nozzle fired into the air; drawing up a part in CAD, making a tool path, then starting the cut; tilting the cutting head; and cutting 1/2" piece of aluminum. The videos require Windows Media Player, and a link for downloading it is available here.

  11. Dashboard Videos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gleue, Alan D.; Depcik, Chris; Peltier, Ted

    2012-11-01

    Last school year, I had a web link emailed to me entitled "A Dashboard Physics Lesson." The link, created and posted by Dale Basier on his Lab Out Loud blog, illustrates video of a car's speedometer synchronized with video of the road. These two separate video streams are compiled into one video that students can watch and analyze. After seeing this website and video, I decided to create my own dashboard videos to show to my high school physics students. I have produced and synchronized 12 separate dashboard videos, each about 10 minutes in length, driving around the city of Lawrence, KS, and Douglas County, and posted them to a website.2 Each video reflects different types of driving: both positive and negative accelerations and constant speeds. As shown in Fig. 1, I was able to capture speed, distance, and miles per gallon from my dashboard instrumentation. By linking this with a stopwatch, each of these quantities can be graphed with respect to time. I anticipate and hope that teachers will find these useful in their own classrooms, i.e., having physics students watch the videos and create their own motion maps (distance-time, speed-time) for study.

  12. Teaching Advanced Operation of an iPod-Based Speech-Generating Device to Two Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achmadi, Donna; Kagohara, Debora M.; van der Meer, Larah; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Lancioni, Giulio E.; Sutherland, Dean; Lang, Russell; Marschik, Peter B.; Green, Vanessa A.; Sigafoos, Jeff

    2012-01-01

    We evaluated a program for teaching two adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) to perform more advanced operations on an iPod-based speech-generating device (SGD). The effects of the teaching program were evaluated in a multiprobe multiple baseline across participants design that included two intervention phases. The first intervention…

  13. A Phenomenological Study of How High School Advanced Placement Classes Prepared First-Generation College Students for Postsecondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Scott

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the lived experiences of first-generation college students and the perceived influence of taking high school Advanced Placement (AP) courses on their college education. The following research questions were addressed: (a) what motivated students to consider going to college, (b) what was their experience in taking AP…

  14. Indianapolis I3: the third generation Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems*

    PubMed Central

    McGowan, Julie J.; Overhage, J. Marc; Barnes, Mike; McDonald, Clement J.

    2004-01-01

    In 2001, the Regenstrief Institute for Health Care and the Indiana University School of Medicine (IUSM) began an IAIMS planning effort to create a vision and a tactical plan for the first Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems (IAIMS) implementation to cross a large area and include unaffiliated institutions. A number of elements made this planning effort unique. Among these elements were the existence of a network infrastructure that supported the Indianapolis Network for Patient Care, the existence of a mature medical informatics program at the Regenstrief Institute, and the existence of a wide-area knowledge network fostered by the IUSM libraries. However, the leadership for a strong information technology role in the IUSM that could promote collaboration in support of education and research across the diverse Indianapolis hospital systems had been lacking. By bringing together various groups, each with a commitment to improve health care quality and public health across the Indianapolis metropolitan area, regardless of individual institutional affiliation, the strategic directions for I3–Indianapolis IAIMS Initiative have been defined and the foundations for a third generation IAIMS construct have been laid in Indianapolis, Indiana. PMID:15098046

  15. Nanoscale surface analysis on second generation advanced high strength steel after hot dip galvanizing.

    PubMed

    Arndt, M; Duchoslav, J; Preis, K; Samek, L; Stifter, D

    2013-09-01

    Second generation advanced high strength steel is one promising material of choice for modern automotive structural parts because of its outstanding maximal elongation and tensile strength. Nonetheless there is still a lack of corrosion protection for this material due to the fact that cost efficient hot dip galvanizing cannot be applied. The reason for the insufficient coatability with zinc is found in the segregation of manganese to the surface during annealing and the formation of manganese oxides prior coating. This work analyses the structure and chemical composition of the surface oxides on so called nano-TWIP (twinning induced plasticity) steel on the nanoscopic scale after hot dip galvanizing in a simulator with employed analytical methods comprising scanning Auger electron spectroscopy (SAES), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and focused ion beam (FIB) for cross section preparation. By the combination of these methods, it was possible to obtain detailed chemical images serving a better understanding which processes exactly occur on the surface of this novel kind of steel and how to promote in the future for this material system galvanic protection. PMID:23404132

  16. Development of an advanced mobile base for personal mobility and manipulation appliance generation II robotic wheelchair

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Hongwu; Candiotti, Jorge; Shino, Motoki; Chung, Cheng-Shiu; Grindle, Garrett G.; Ding, Dan; Cooper, Rory A.

    2013-01-01

    Background This paper describes the development of a mobile base for the Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance Generation II (PerMMA Gen II robotic wheelchair), an obstacle-climbing wheelchair able to move in structured and unstructured environments, and to climb over curbs as high as 8 inches. The mechanical, electrical, and software systems of the mobile base are presented in detail, and similar devices such as the iBOT mobility system, TopChair, and 6X6 Explorer are described. Findings The mobile base of PerMMA Gen II has two operating modes: “advanced driving mode” on flat and uneven terrain, and “automatic climbing mode” during stair climbing. The different operating modes are triggered either by local and dynamic conditions or by external commands from users. A step-climbing sequence, up to 0.2 m, is under development and to be evaluated via simulation. The mathematical model of the mobile base is introduced. A feedback and a feed-forward controller have been developed to maintain the posture of the passenger when driving over uneven surfaces or slopes. The effectiveness of the controller has been evaluated by simulation using the open dynamics engine tool. Conclusion Future work for PerMMA Gen II mobile base is implementation of the simulation and control on a real system and evaluation of the system via further experimental tests. PMID:23820149

  17. GLOBE Videos

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The GLOBE Program, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)

    This collection of videos, produced by Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE), features overviews of the GLOBE program as well as a variety of science topics. These include Earth as a system, atmospheric science, water chemistry, soil science, land cover, and remote sensing. The videos can be downloaded or viewed directly from the website and are accompanied by written scripts.

  18. User's guide to PMESH: A grid-generation program for single-rotation and counterrotation advanced turboprops

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Warsi, Saif A.

    1989-01-01

    A detailed operating manual is presented for a grid generating program that produces 3-D meshes for advanced turboprops. The code uses both algebraic and elliptic partial differential equation methods to generate single rotation and counterrotation, H or C type meshes for the z - r planes and H type for the z - theta planes. The code allows easy specification of geometrical constraints (such as blade angle, location of bounding surfaces, etc.), mesh control parameters (point distribution near blades and nacelle, number of grid points desired, etc.), and it has good runtime diagnostics. An overview is provided of the mesh generation procedure, sample input dataset with detailed explanation of all input, and example meshes.

  19. Robust Video Object Cosegmentation.

    PubMed

    Wang, Wenguan; Shen, Jianbing; Li, Xuelong; Porikli, Fatih

    2015-10-01

    With ever-increasing volumes of video data, automatic extraction of salient object regions became even more significant for visual analytic solutions. This surge has also opened up opportunities for taking advantage of collective cues encapsulated in multiple videos in a cooperative manner. However, it also brings up major challenges, such as handling of drastic appearance, motion pattern, and pose variations, of foreground objects as well as indiscriminate backgrounds. Here, we present a cosegmentation framework to discover and segment out common object regions across multiple frames and multiple videos in a joint fashion. We incorporate three types of cues, i.e., intraframe saliency, interframe consistency, and across-video similarity into an energy optimization framework that does not make restrictive assumptions on foreground appearance and motion model, and does not require objects to be visible in all frames. We also introduce a spatio-temporal scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT) flow descriptor to integrate across-video correspondence from the conventional SIFT-flow into interframe motion flow from optical flow. This novel spatio-temporal SIFT flow generates reliable estimations of common foregrounds over the entire video data set. Experimental results show that our method outperforms the state-of-the-art on a new extensive data set (ViCoSeg). PMID:26080051

  20. Secure authenticated video equipment

    SciTech Connect

    Doren, N.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-12-31

    In the verification technology arena, there is a pressing need for surveillance and monitoring equipment that produces authentic, verifiable records of observed activities. Such a record provides the inspecting party with confidence that observed activities occurred as recorded, without undetected tampering or spoofing having taken place. The secure authenticated video equipment (SAVE) system provides an authenticated series of video images of an observed activity. Being self-contained and portable, it can be installed as a stand-alone surveillance system or used in conjunction with existing monitoring equipment in a non-invasive manner. Security is provided by a tamper-proof camera enclosure containing a private, electronic authentication key. Video data is transferred across a communication link consisting of a coaxial cable, fiber-optic link or other similar media. A video review station, located remotely from the camera, receives, validates, displays and stores the incoming data. Video data is validated within the review station using a public key, a copy of which is held by authorized parties. This scheme allows the holder of the public key to verify the authenticity of the recorded video data but precludes undetectable modification of the data generated by the tamper-protected private authentication key.

  1. Secure authenticated video equipment

    SciTech Connect

    Doren, N.E.

    1993-07-01

    In the verification technology arena, there is a pressing need for surveillance and monitoring equipment that produces authentic, verifiable records of observed activities. Such a record provides the inspecting party with confidence that observed activities occurred as recorded, without undetected tampering or spoofing having taken place. The secure authenticated video equipment (SAVE) system provides an authenticated series of video images of an observed activity. Being self-contained and portable, it can be installed as a stand-alone surveillance system or used in conjunction with existing monitoring equipment in a non-invasive manner. Security is provided by a tamper-proof camera enclosure containing a private, electronic authentication key. Video data is transferred communication link consisting of a coaxial cable, fiber-optic link or other similar media. A video review station, located remotely from the camera, receives, validates, displays and stores the incoming data. Video data is validated within the review station using a public key, a copy of which is held by authorized panics. This scheme allows the holder of the public key to verify the authenticity of the recorded video data but precludes undetectable modification of the data generated by the tamper-protected private authentication key.

  2. Color Helmet Mounted Display System with Real Time Computer Generated and Video Imagery for In-Flight Simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sawyer, Kevin; Jacobsen, Robert; Aiken, Edwin W. (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    NASA Ames Research Center and the US Army are developing the Rotorcraft Aircrew Systems Concepts Airborne Laboratory (RASCAL) using a Sikorsky UH-60 helicopter for the purpose of flight systems research. A primary use of the RASCAL is in-flight simulation for which the visual scene will use computer generated imagery and synthetic vision. This research is made possible in part to a full color wide field of view Helmet Mounted Display (HMD) system that provides high performance color imagery suitable for daytime operations in a flight-rated package. This paper describes the design and performance characteristics of the HMD system. Emphasis is placed on the design specifications, testing, and integration into the aircraft of Kaiser Electronics' RASCAL HMD system that was designed and built under contract for NASA. The optical performance and design of the Helmet mounted display unit will be discussed as well as the unique capabilities provided by the system's Programmable Display Generator (PDG).

  3. SCME Videos by Students

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Southwest Center for Microsystems Education is a Regional Advanced Technology Education Center funded in part by the National Science Foundation. This page contains a collection of videos made by students on MEMS related topics. The topics include a virtual cleanroom tour, gowning procedures, and using personal protective equipment. Visitors are encouraged to create an account and login in order to access the full set of resources.

  4. Abstract and discussion for the joint seminar on: recent advances in the electrochemistry of energy generation, storage, and conversion

    SciTech Connect

    Faulkner, L.R.; Niki, K.

    1989-01-01

    The volume contains the abstracts and transcripts of discussion for 34 presentations given in the Joint Seminar on Recent Advances in the Electrochemistry of Energy Generation, Storage, and Conversion, which was held in Honolulu in May, 1982. The initial pages provide the original program and the list of participants, then the abstracts and discussion transcripts follow in alphabetical order according to the surname of the participant responsible for them. The abstracts were submitted in advance of the meeting. The discussions were transcribed from tape recordings of the proceedings. It was not possible to secure transcripts of the discussions following all presentations, but transcripts are available for the great majority.

  5. Video Understanding Francois BREMOND

    E-print Network

    Prié, Yannick

    agency monitoring Control access and Video surveillance in building Video understanding for video CDT 05 5 Video Understanding Application Metro station surveillance Surveillance inside trains: Realtime video surveillance platform (Multitel, Be), Machine learning Visualisation: 3D animation

  6. Concurrent CO2 Control and O2 Generation for Advanced Life Support

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Paul, Heather L.; Duncan, Keith L.; Hagelin-Weaver, Helena E.; Bishop, Sean R.; Wachsman, Eric D.

    2007-01-01

    The electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) using ceramic oxygen generators (COGs) is well known and widely studied, however, conventional devices using yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolytes operate at temperatures greater than 700 C. Operating at such high temperatures increases system mass compared to lower temperature systems because of increased energy overhead to get the COG up to operating temperature and the need for heavier insulation and/or heat exchangers to reduce the COG oxygen (O2) output temperature for comfortable inhalation. Recently, the University of Florida developed novel ceramic oxygen generators employing a bilayer electrolyte of gadolinia-doped ceria and erbia-stabilized bismuth for NASA's future exploration of Mars. To reduce landed mass and operation expenditures during the mission, in-situ resource utilization was proposed using these COGs to obtain both lifesupporting oxygen and oxidant/propellant fuel, by converting CO2 from the Mars atmosphere. The results showed that oxygen could be reliably produced from CO2 at temperatures as low as 400 C. These results indicate that this technology could be adapted to CO2 removal from a spacesuit and other applications in which CO2 removal was an issue. The strategy proposed for CO2 removal for advanced life support systems employs a catalytic layer combined with a COG so that it is reduced all the way to solid carbon and oxygen. Hence, a three-phased approach was used for the development of a viable low weight COG for CO2 removal. First, to reduce the COG operating temperature a high oxide ion conductivity electrolyte was developed. Second, to promote full CO2 reduction while avoiding the problem of carbon deposition on the COG cathode, novel cathodes and a removable catalytic carbon deposition layer were designed. Third, to improve efficiency, a pre-stage for CO2 absorption was used to concentrate CO2 from the exhalate before sending it to the COG. These subsystems were then integrated into a single CO2 removal system. This paper describes our progress to date on these tasks.

  7. Advanced, Cost-Based Indices for Forecasting the Generation of Photovoltaic Power

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bracale, Antonio; Carpinelli, Guido; Di Fazio, Annarita; Khormali, Shahab

    2014-01-01

    Distribution systems are undergoing significant changes as they evolve toward the grids of the future, which are known as smart grids (SGs). The perspective of SGs is to facilitate large-scale penetration of distributed generation using renewable energy sources (RESs), encourage the efficient use of energy, reduce systems' losses, and improve the quality of power. Photovoltaic (PV) systems have become one of the most promising RESs due to the expected cost reduction and the increased efficiency of PV panels and interfacing converters. The ability to forecast power-production information accurately and reliably is of primary importance for the appropriate management of an SG and for making decisions relative to the energy market. Several forecasting methods have been proposed, and many indices have been used to quantify the accuracy of the forecasts of PV power production. Unfortunately, the indices that have been used have deficiencies and usually do not directly account for the economic consequences of forecasting errors in the framework of liberalized electricity markets. In this paper, advanced, more accurate indices are proposed that account directly for the economic consequences of forecasting errors. The proposed indices also were compared to the most frequently used indices in order to demonstrate their different, improved capability. The comparisons were based on the results obtained using a forecasting method based on an artificial neural network. This method was chosen because it was deemed to be one of the most promising methods available due to its capability for forecasting PV power. Numerical applications also are presented that considered an actual PV plant to provide evidence of the forecasting performances of all of the indices that were considered.

  8. Next-Generation Evaporative Cooling Systems for the Advanced Extravehicular Mobility Unit Portable Life Support System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Makinen, Janice V.; Anchondo, Ian; Bue, Grant C.; Campbell, Colin; Colunga, Aaron

    2012-01-01

    The development of the Advanced Extravehicular Mobility Unit (AEMU) Portable Life Support System (PLSS) is currently underway at NASA Johnson Space Center. The AEMU PLSS features two new evaporative cooling systems, the Reduced Volume Prototype Spacesuit Water Membrane Evaporator (RVP SWME), and the Auxiliary Cooling Loop (ACL). The RVP SWME is the third generation of hollow fiber SWME hardware, and like its predecessors, RVP SWME provides nominal crewmember and electronics cooling by flowing water through porous hollow fibers. Water vapor escapes through the hollow fiber pores, thereby cooling the liquid water that remains inside of the fibers. This cooled water is then recirculated to remove heat from the crewmember and PLSS electronics. Major design improvements, including a 36% reduction in volume, reduced weight, and more flight like back-pressure valve, facilitate the packaging of RVP SWME in the AEMU PLSS envelope. In addition to the RVP SWME, the Auxiliary Cooling Loop (ACL), was developed for contingency crewmember cooling. The ACL is a completely redundant, independent cooling system that consists of a small evaporative cooler--the Mini Membrane Evaporator (Mini-ME), independent pump, independent feed-water assembly and independent Liquid Cooling Garment (LCG). The Mini-ME utilizes the same hollow fiber technology featured in the RVP SWME, but is only 25% of the size of RVP SWME, providing only the necessary crewmember cooling in a contingency situation. The ACL provides a number of benefits when compared with the current EMU PLSS contingency cooling technology; contingency crewmember cooling can be provided for a longer period of time, more contingency situations can be accounted for, no reliance on a Secondary Oxygen Vessel (SOV) for contingency cooling--thereby allowing a SOV reduction in size and pressure, and the ACL can be recharged-allowing the AEMU PLSS to be reused, even after a contingency event. The development of these evaporative cooling systems will contribute to a more robust and comprehensive AEMU PLSS.

  9. Advanced materials for next generation NiMH portable, HEV and EV batteries

    SciTech Connect

    Ovshinsky, S.R.; Dhar, S.K.; Fetcenko, M.A.; Corrigan, D.A.; Reichman, B.; Young, K.; Fierro, C.; Venkatesan, S.; Gifford, P.; Koch, J.

    1998-07-01

    While Ovonic NiMH batteries are already in high volume commercial production for portable applications, advances in materials technology have enabled performance improvements in specific energy (100 Wh/kg), specific power (600-1000 W/kg), high temperature operation, charge retention, and voltage stability. Concurrent with technology advances, Ovonic NiMH batteries have established performance and commercial milestones in electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, as well as scooter, motorcycle and bicycle applications. As important as these advances, significant manufacturing cost reductions have also occurred which allow continued growth of NiMH technology. In this paper, advances in performance, applications and cost reduction are discussed with particular emphasis on the improved proprietary metal hydride and nickel hydroxide materials that make such advances possible.

  10. Investigation of advanced counterrotation blade configuration concepts for high speed turboprop systems. Task 3: Advanced fan section grid generator final report and computer program user's manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crook, Andrew J.; Delaney, Robert A.

    1991-01-01

    A procedure is studied for generating three-dimensional grids for advanced turbofan engine fan section geometries. The procedure constructs a discrete mesh about engine sections containing the fan stage, an arbitrary number of axisymmetric radial flow splitters, a booster stage, and a bifurcated core/bypass flow duct with guide vanes. The mesh is an h-type grid system, the points being distributed with a transfinite interpolation scheme with axial and radial spacing being user specified. Elliptic smoothing of the grid in the meridional plane is a post-process option. The grid generation scheme is consistent with aerodynamic analyses utilizing the average-passage equation system developed by Dr. John Adamczyk of NASA Lewis. This flow solution scheme requires a series of blade specific grids each having a common axisymmetric mesh, but varying in the circumferential direction according to the geometry of the specific blade row.

  11. The development and use of radionuclide generators in nuclear medicine -- recent advances and future perspectives

    SciTech Connect

    Knapp, F.F. Jr.

    1998-03-01

    Although the trend in radionuclide generator research has declined, radionuclide generator systems continue to play an important role in nuclear medicine. Technetium-99m obtained from the molybdenum-99/technetium-99m generator system is used in over 80% of all diagnostic clinical studies and there is increasing interest and use of therapeutic radioisotopes obtained from generator systems. This paper focuses on a discussion of the major current areas of radionuclide generator research, and the expected areas of future research and applications.

  12. A New Generation of Innovative Ultra-Advanced Intelligent Composite Materials Featuring Electro-Rheological Fluids: An Experimental Investigation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. V. Gandhi; B. S. Thompson; S. B. Choi

    1989-01-01

    A new generation of revolutionary, intelligent, ultra-advanced composite materials featuring electro-rheological fluids is proposed herein for the active continuum vibrational control of structural and mechanical systems. This paper reports on a pioneer ing proof-of-concept experimental investigation focussed on evaluating the static and elastodynamic transient response characteristics of cantilevered beams fabricated in this new class of materials. The results of this

  13. Practical distributed video coding in packet lossy channels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qing, Linbo; Masala, Enrico; He, Xiaohai

    2013-07-01

    Improving error resilience of video communications over packet lossy channels is an important and tough task. We present a framework to optimize the quality of video communications based on distributed video coding (DVC) in practical packet lossy network scenarios. The peculiar characteristics of DVC indeed require a number of adaptations to take full advantage of its intrinsic robustness when dealing with data losses of typical real packet networks. This work proposes a new packetization scheme, an investigation of the best error-correcting codes to use in a noisy environment, a practical rate-allocation mechanism, which minimizes decoder feedback, and an improved side-information generation and reconstruction function. Performance comparisons are presented with respect to a conventional packet video communication using H.264/advanced video coding (AVC). Although currently the H.264/AVC rate-distortion performance in case of no loss is better than state-of-the-art DVC schemes, under practical packet lossy conditions, the proposed techniques provide better performance with respect to an H.264/AVC-based system, especially at high packet loss rates. Thus the error resilience of the proposed DVC scheme is superior to the one provided by H.264/AVC, especially in the case of transmission over packet lossy networks.

  14. Advanced concurrent-engineering environment. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Jortner, J.N.; Friesen, J.A.

    1997-07-01

    Sandia demonstrated large-scale visualization in a conference room environment. Project focused in the installation of hardware for visualization and display, and the integration of software tools for design and animation of 3-dimensional parts. Using a high-end visualization server, 3-dimensional modeling and animation software, and leading edge World Wide Web technology, an advanced concurrent engineering environment was simulated where a design team was able to work collectively, rather than as solely disjoint individual efforts. Finally, a successful animation of a Sandia part was demonstrated, and a computer video generated. This video is now accessible on a Sandia internal web server.

  15. Advanced concurrent engineering environment final report

    SciTech Connect

    Jortner, J.N.; Friesen, J.A.; Schwegel, J.

    1997-08-01

    Sandia demonstrated large-scale visualization in a conference room environment. Project focused on the installation of hardware for visualization and display, and the integration of software tools for design and animation of 3-dimensional parts. Using a high-end visualization server, 3-dimensional modeling and animation software, and leading edge World Wide Web technology, and advanced concurrent engineering environment was simulated where a design team was able to work collectively, rather than as solely disjoint individual efforts. Finally, a successful animation of a Sandia part was demonstrated, and a computer video generated. This video is now accessible on a Sandia internal web server.

  16. A next-generation in-situ nanoprobe beamline for the Advanced Photon Source

    E-print Network

    Lai, Barry

    The Advanced Photon Source is currently developing a suite of new hard x-ray beamlines, aimed primarily at the study of materials and devices under real conditions. One of the flagship beamlines of the APS Upgrade is the ...

  17. Advanced materials for next generation NiMH portable, HEV and EV batteries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. R. Ovshinsky; S. K. Dhar; M. A. Fetcenko; D. A. Corrigan; B. Reichman; K. Young; C. Fierro; S. Venkatesan; P. Gifford; J. Koch

    1999-01-01

    While Ovonic NiMH batteries are already in high volume commercial production for portable applications, advances in materials technology have enabled performance improvements in specific energy (100 Wh\\/kg), specific power (600-1000 W\\/kg), high temperature operation, charge retention, and voltage stability. Concurrent with technology advances, Ovonic NiMH batteries have established performance and commercial milestones in electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, as well

  18. Modeling, Clustering, and Segmenting Video with Mixtures of Dynamic Textures

    E-print Network

    Vasconcelos, Nuno M.

    Modeling, Clustering, and Segmenting Video with Mixtures of Dynamic Textures Antoni B. Chan-temporal generative model for video, which represents video sequences as observations from a linear dynamical system. This work studies the mixture of dynamic textures, a statistical model for an ensemble of video sequences

  19. Modeling, Clustering, and Segmenting Video with Mixtures of Dynamic Textures

    E-print Network

    Vasconcelos, Nuno M.

    Modeling, Clustering, and Segmenting Video with Mixtures of Dynamic Textures Antoni B. Chan­temporal generative model for video, which represents video sequences as observations from a linear dynamical system. This work studies the mixture of dynamic textures, a statistical model for an ensemble of video sequences

  20. An interactive comic book presentation for exploring video

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John S. Boreczky; Andreas Girgensohn; Gene Golovchinsky; Shingo Uchihashi

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents a method for generating compact pictorial summarizations of video. We developed a novel approach for selecting still images from a video suitable for summarizing the video and for providing entry points into it. Images are laid out in a compact, visually pleasing display reminiscent of a comic book or Japanese manga. Users can explore the video by

  1. 1 Advanced Operations Research Video Prof. G. Srinivasan IIT Madras 3 Introduction to Turbulence Web Prof.G.Biswas IIT Kanpur

    E-print Network

    Sivalingam, Krishna M.

    .Narasimha Murthy IIT Madras 17 Engineering Physics II Web Prof. D. K. Ghosh IIT Bombay 18 Environment and Ecology Prem Prasad , Prof. Durga C. Dalal IIT Guwahati 26 Numerical Analysis and Computer Programming Video Prof. P. B. Sunil Kumar IIT Madras 27 Numerical Analysis in Computer Programming Web Prof. Rathish

  2. Advanced building blocks of power converters for renewable energy based distributed generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Riming Shao; Mary Kaye; Liuchen Chang

    2011-01-01

    The power converter is a critical component of a distributed generation (DG) system, particularly for a renewable energy based distributed generator. With the rapid development and growing applications of DG systems, power converters have evolved from a traditional \\

  3. ADVANCED CONTROLS FOR MITIGATION OF FLICKER USING DOUBLY-FED ASYNCHRONOUS WIND TURBINE-GENERATORS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. A. Walling; K. Clark; N. W. Miller; J. J. Sanchez-Gasca

    2005-01-01

    Interconnection of wind generation with power distribution systems may result in rapid voltage variations, or flicker, much more readily than for HV transmission interconnections. Wind turbine generators employing doubly- fed asynchronous generators provide a means to rapidly control reactive power, as well as to smooth variations in real power. This capability is exploited to minimize flicker, despite rapid variations of

  4. Recent Advance of Hydride Generation–Analytical Atomic Spectrometry: Part I—Technique Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhou Long; Yamin Luo; Chengbin Zheng; Pengchi Deng; Xiandeng Hou

    2012-01-01

    Hydride generation is the most popular and widely used chemical vapor generation technique and is interesting to analytical chemists as an effective sample introduction method, especially for elemental determination and speciation analysis by analytical atomic spectrometry. The present review provides a literature survey on the hydride generation technique coupled to analytical atomic spectrometry during the past several years, covering the

  5. Recent Advance of Hydride Generation-Analytical Atomic Spectrometry: Part I-Technique Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhou Long; Yamin Luo; Chengbin Zheng; Pengchi Deng; Xiandeng Hou

    2012-01-01

    Hydride generation is the most popular and widely used chemical vapor generation, which is always interesting to analytical chemists as an effective sample introduction method, especially for elemental determination and speciation analysis by analytical atomic spectrometry. The present review provides a literature survey on the hydride generation technique coupled to analytical atomic spectrometry during the past several years, covering the

  6. LACMA: Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    LACMA, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, makes available a variety of video content on its website. Videos are organized into broad categories, including On View Now, Conservation, and Artist Interviews. Currently, On View Now contains short pieces such as Stephen Prina talking about the exhibition "Stephen Prina: As He Remembered It" and "Shinique Smith: Firsthand," an installation at the Charles White Elementary School in downtown Los Angeles. A whole series of videos documents Michael Heizer's "Levitated Mass," a huge sculpture permanently installed on the LACMA grounds, composed of a 456-foot-long slot topped with a 340-ton granite megalith. Since this is Los Angeles, another section, Film Directors, includes interviews with Debra Granik, talking about the film "Winter's Bone"; Martin Scorsese on film preservation, museums and Hollywood; and Clint Eastwood, "An actor's path toward becoming a director."[DS

  7. Video Analysis with a Web Camera

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyrembeck, Edward P.

    2009-01-01

    Recent advances in technology have made video capture and analysis in the introductory physics lab even more affordable and accessible. The purchase of a relatively inexpensive web camera is all you need if you already have a newer computer and Vernier's Logger Pro 3 software. In addition to Logger Pro 3, other video analysis tools such as…

  8. Video Listening Tests: What Are They Measuring?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, Elvis

    2008-01-01

    This article examines how eight advanced ESL learners attend to and utilize the nonverbal information found in a video text. Using verbal report methodology in which test-takers verbalized aloud their thought processes while taking a video listening test, the results suggested that the test-takers varied in how they attended to and utilized the…

  9. Feedback control for adaptive live video streaming

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luca De Cicco; Saverio Mascolo; Vittorio Palmisano

    2011-01-01

    Multimedia content feeds an ever increasing fraction of the Internet traffic. Video streaming is one of the most important applications driving this trend. Adaptive video streaming is a relevant advancement with respect to classic progressive download streaming such as the one employed by YouTube. It consists in dynamically adapting the content bitrate in order to provide the maximum Quality of

  10. Fulldome Video: An Emerging Technology for Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Law, Linda E.

    2006-01-01

    This article talks about fulldome video, a new technology which has been adopted fairly extensively by the larger, well-funded planetariums. Fulldome video, also called immersive projection, can help teach subjects ranging from geology to history to chemistry. The rapidly advancing progress of projection technology has provided high-resolution…

  11. Generation of crystallographic packing candidates with fixed helical symmetry and axial advance: Application to PI-2 polyimide

    SciTech Connect

    Waller, J.M.; Eby, R.K. [Univ. of Akron, OH (United States)

    1995-12-31

    A normal coordinate approach was used to generate crystallographic packing candidates of a multitorsional polyimide synthesized from 3,3`,4,4`-benzophenonetetracarboxylic acid (BTDA) and 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-(4-aminophenoxy) propane (DMDA) (PI-2). Candidates were obtained under conditions of fixed axial advance of 24.6 {Angstrom} per monomer, and imposed 2/1 helical or 1/0 translational symmetry, consistent with the observed WAXD meridional layer line spacing. The ability of combinatorially generated torsional states to adopt the desired geometry was examined. Necessary corrections to the conformational parameter equations have been made. The procedure described allowed crystallographic conformations satisfying explicit geometric and MM3 intramolecular energy criteria to be generated for a linear multitorsional polyimide prior to the application of crystallographic screening or refinement procedures. 20 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Foreign Affairs: Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Foreign Affairs is a distinguished publication, founded in 1922 and published by the non-profit Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). Sponsoring dozens of events each year for folks with an interest in policy matters, this section of their website brings together video from these happenings, along with interviews and other audio features. The casual visitor may appreciate looking over the Most Viewed area, with offerings such as The Promise of the Arab Spring, The Coming Arctic Boom, and The Egyptian State Unravels. One popular podcast here is The World Next Week, which features conversations about those issues that will be of great import in the coming week. Visitors can look over the videos by date, regions, or topics, or perform an advanced search combining key words and filtering. Additionally, visitors can learn about the latest updates from the CFR and also take a gander at their job board.

  13. Hematopoietic specification from human pluripotent stem cells: current advances and challenges toward de novo generation of hematopoietic stem cells

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Significant advances in cellular reprogramming technologies and hematopoietic differentiation from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) have already enabled the routine production of multiple lineages of blood cells in vitro and opened novel opportunities to study hematopoietic development, model genetic blood diseases, and manufacture immunologically matched cells for transfusion and cancer immunotherapy. However, the generation of hematopoietic cells with robust and sustained multilineage engraftment has not been achieved. Here, we highlight the recent advances in understanding the molecular and cellular pathways leading to blood development from hPSCs and discuss potential approaches that can be taken to facilitate the development of technologies for de novo production of hematopoietic stem cells. PMID:24124087

  14. Next Generation Respiratory Viral Vaccine System: Advanced and Emerging Bioengineered Human Lung Epithelia Model (HLEM) Organoid Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goodwin, Thomas J.; Schneider, Sandra L.; MacIntosh, Victor; Gibbons, Thomas F.

    2010-01-01

    Acute respiratory infections, including pneumonia and influenza, are the S t" leading cause of United States and worldwide deaths. Newly emerging pathogens signaled the need for an advanced generation of vaccine technology.. Human bronchial-tracheal epithelial tissue was bioengineered to detect, identify, host and study the pathogenesis of acute respiratory viral disease. The 3-dimensional (3D) human lung epithelio-mesechymal tissue-like assemblies (HLEM TLAs) share characteristics with human respiratory epithelium: tight junctions, desmosomes, microvilli, functional markers villin, keratins and production of tissue mucin. Respiratory Syntial Virus (RSV) studies demonstrate viral growth kinetics and membrane bound glycoproteins up to day 20 post infection in the human lung-orgainoid infected cell system. Peak replication of RSV occurred on day 10 at 7 log10 particles forming units per ml/day. HLEM is an advanced virus vaccine model and biosentinel system for emergent viral infectious diseases to support DoD global surveillance and military readiness.

  15. Instructional Science and Engineering Videos

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hare, Jonathan

    These fun, intelligent, and engaging videos were created by scientist Jonathan Hare to be used in schools, workshops, and in home-study with accompanying information. On the site, visitors can make their way through 25 short films that explore the worlds of infrared photography, light beams, parabolic light collectors, generators, and seawater batteries. The videos are about five minutes long, and they feature hands-on demonstrations, witty commentary, and scientific asides that are informative and accessible. Visitors can also sign up to receive updates when new videos are released or watch them via YouTube.

  16. The Virtual Flute: an advanced fingering guide generated via machine intelligence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Botros; John Smith; Joe Wolfe

    2006-01-01

    The Virtual Flute is a web service that provides many thousands of machine-predicted alternative fingerings. Alternative fingerings can offer variations in intonation and timbre, and can be easier to play in different musical contexts. Many play multiphonics. An advanced fingering guide is invaluable when exotic effects and demanding passages are required of the player. The Virtual Flute uses an expert

  17. Evaluation of advanced fuzzy logic PSS on analog network simulator and actual installation on hydro generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Hiyama; S. Oniki; H. Nagashima

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents the experimental evaluation of an advanced fuzzy logic PSS on the analog network simulator at the Research Laboratory of Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc. The proposed power system stabilizer (PSS) is set up by using a personal computer with A\\/D and D\\/A conversion interfaces. The personal computer based PSS was set on the analog network simulator to

  18. Omnidirectional video

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Geyer; Konstantinos Daniilidis

    2003-01-01

    Omnidirectional video enables direct surround immersive viewing of a scene by warping the original image into the correct perspective given a viewing direction. However, novel views from viewpoints off the camera path can only be obtained if we solve the 3D motion and calibration problem. In this paper we address the case of a parabolic catadioptric camera - a paraboloidal

  19. Roentgen video-absorptiometry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C R Wilson; E L Ritman; R E Sturm

    1974-01-01

    Discusses the feasibility of performing absorptiometric measurements using a televised image-intensified fluoroscopic system. The system consists of an X-ray generator, image intensifier, TV camera and A\\/D convertor under computer control for digitizing the video signals. Preliminary experiments have been performed to evaluate the system's potential for determining the mass of bone mineral in the axial skeleton in vivo. All absorptiometric

  20. Video Surveillance of Interactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aaron Bobick; Chris Stauffer; W. E. L. Grimson; Yuri Ivanov

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes an automatic surveillance system,which performs labeling of events and interactions in anoutdoor environment. The system is designed to monitoractivities in an open parking lot. It consists of three componentsan adaptive tracker, an event generator, which mapsobject tracks onto a set of pre-determined discrete events,and a stochastic parser. The system performs segmentationand labeling of surveillance video of a

  1. Advanced control technique application in U-tube steam generator of nuclear power station

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hamdi M. Mousa; Sayed M. El-araby; Magdy A. Koutb; Elsayed H. M. Ali

    2011-01-01

    A water level control system for a nuclear steam generator (SG) is proposed. A method to improve the performance of nuclear steam generator in nuclear power station is introduced. Combination of genetic algorithm (GA) technique and fuzzy logic control is carried out. The optimal parameters of fuzzy logic controller are achieved. These parameters include; the membership functions of water level

  2. VALIDATION OF QTL FOR REPRODUCTIVE TRAITS IN ADVANCED GENERATIONS OF A MEISHAN CROSS POPULATION

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A QTL scan of a backcross, F3 and F4 generations of a Meishan-White composite resource population identified a genome-wide significant QTL for ovulation rate on SSC 8 along with suggestive QTL for ovulation rate on SSC 3 and 10 and for age at puberty on SSC 1 and 10. The F4 generation was crossed to...

  3. Online Smoothing of Variable-Bit-Rate Streaming Video

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Subhabrata Sen; Jennifer L. Rexford; Jayanta K. Dey; James F. Kurose; Donald F. Towsley

    2000-01-01

    Bandwidth smoothing techniques for stored video perform end to end workahead transmission of frames into the client playback buffer, in advance of their display times. Such techniques are very effective in reducing the burstiness of the bandwidth requirements for transmitting compressed, stored video. This paper addresses online bandwidth smoothing for a growing number of streaming video applications such as newscasts,

  4. Statistical Analysis of Visual Attentional Patterns for Video Surveillance

    E-print Network

    Cristani, Marco

    Statistical Analysis of Visual Attentional Patterns for Video Surveillance Giorgio Roffo , Marco activities. In this study, we consider 36 surveillance videos, organized in four categories (confront the advanced automated analysis of video surveil- lance footage, where machines imitate as best as possible

  5. Digital video segmentation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arun Hampapur; Terry E. Weymouth; Ramesh Jain

    1994-01-01

    The data driven, bottom up approach to video segmentation has ignored the inherent structure that exists in video. This work uses the model driven approach to digital video segmentation. Mathematical models of video based on video production techniques are formulated. These models are used to classify the edit effects used in video and film production. The classes and models are

  6. Video Clips for Youtube: Collaborative Video Creation as an Educational Concept for Knowledge Acquisition and Attitude Change Related to Obesity Stigmatization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zahn, Carmen; Schaeffeler, Norbert; Giel, Katrin Elisabeth; Wessel, Daniel; Thiel, Ansgar; Zipfel, Stephan; Hesse, Friedrich W.

    2014-01-01

    Mobile phones and advanced web-based video tools have pushed forward new paradigms for using video in education: Today, students can readily create and broadcast their own digital videos for others and create entirely new patterns of video-based information structures for modern online-communities and multimedia environments. This paradigm shift…

  7. Monolithic solid oxide fuel cell technology advancement for coal-based power generation. Annual report, October 1991--September 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    The program is being conducted by a team consisting of AlliedSignal Aerospace Systems & Equipment (ASE) (formerly AiResearch Los Angeles Division) and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The objective of the program is to advance materials and fabrication methodologies to develop a monolithic solid oxide fuel cell (MSOFC) system capable of meeting performance, life, and cost goals for coal-based power generation. The program focuses on materials research and development, fabrication process development, cell/stack performance testing and characterization, cost and system analysis, and quality development.

  8. Design studies for an advanced ECR ion source for multiply charged ion beam generation

    SciTech Connect

    Alton, G.D.

    1994-10-01

    An innovative technique: for increasing ion source intensity is described which, in principle, could lead to significant advances in ECR ion source technology for multiply charged ion beam formation. The advanced concept design uses a minimum-B magnetic mirror geometry which consists of a multi-cusp, magnetic field, to assist in confining the plasma radially, a flat central field for tuning to the ECR resonant condition, and specially tailored min-or fields in the end zones to confine the plasma in the axial direction. The magnetic field is designed to achieve an axially symmetric plasma ``volume`` with constant mod-B, which extends over the length of the central field region. This design, which strongly contrasts w h the ECR ``surfaces`` characteristic of conventional ECR ion sources, results in dramatic increases in the absorption of RF power, thereby increasing the electron temperature and ``hot`` electron population within the ionization volume of the source.

  9. High Pressure Materials Research using Advanced Third-Generation Synchrotron X-ray

    SciTech Connect

    Yoo, C S; Iota, V; Park, J; Lee, G; Evans, W; Jenei, Z; Cynn, H

    2006-07-07

    The recent discoveries of nonmolecular phases of simple molecular solids [1,2] demonstrate the proof-of-the-principles for producing exotic phases by application of high pressure. Modern advances in theoretical and computational methodologies now make possible to explain or even predict novel structures and properties in a relatively wide range of length scales on the basis of thermodynamic stability [3]. Equally important in materials research is the recent developments in advanced x-ray and laser diagnostics that enable in-situ observations at the formidable pressure-temperature conditions [4]. Having benefited by all these developments, we discuss the first principle of the pressure-induced chemistry, 'Mbar Chemistry', with a few examples that may have important implications in materials research.

  10. Introducing the Next-Generation Advanced Baseline Imager on Goes-R

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timothy J. Schmit; Mathew M. Gunshor; W. Paul Menzel; James J. Gurka; Jun Li; A. Scott Bachmeier

    2005-01-01

    The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI), designated to be one of the instruments on a future Geo-stationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) series, will introduce a new era for U.S. geostationary environmental remote sensing. ABI is slated to be launched on GOES-R in 2012 and will be used for a wide range of weather, oceanographic, climate, and environmental applications. ABI will have

  11. Advanced Corrosion-Resistant Zr Alloys for High Burnup and Generation IV Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Arthur Motta; Yong Hwan Jeong; R.J. Comstock; G.S. Was; Y.S. Kim

    2006-10-31

    The objective of this collaboration between four institutions in the US and Korea is to demonstrate a technical basis for the improvement of the corrosion resistance of zirconium-based alloys in more extreme operating environments (such as those present in severe fuel duty,cycles (high burnup, boiling, aggressive chemistry) andto investigate the feasibility (from the point of view of corrosion rate) of using advanced zirconium-based alloys in a supercritical water environment.

  12. Next generation grinding spindle for cost-effective manufacture of advanced ceramic components

    SciTech Connect

    Kovach, J.A.; Laurich, M.A.

    2000-01-01

    Finish grinding of advanced structural ceramics has generally been considered an extremely slow and costly process. Recently, however, results from the High-Speed, Low-Damage (HSLD) program have clearly demonstrated that numerous finish-process performance benefits can be realized by grinding silicon nitride at high wheel speeds. A new, single-step, roughing-process capable of producing high-quality silicon nitride parts at high material removal rates while dramatically reducing finishing costs has been developed.

  13. Analysis of Advanced Fuel Assemblies and Core Designs for the Current and Next Generations of LWRs

    SciTech Connect

    Ragusa, Jean; Vierow, Karen

    2011-09-01

    The objective of the project is to design and analyze advanced fuel assemblies for use in current and future light water reactors and to assess their ability to reduce the inventory of transuranic elements, while preserving operational safety. The reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel can delay or avoid the need for a second geological repository in the US. Current light water reactor fuel assembly designs under investigation could reduce the plutonium inventory of reprocessed fuel. Nevertheless, these designs are not effective in stabilizing or reducing the inventory of minor actinides. In the course of this project, we developed and analyzed advanced fuel assembly designs with improved thermal transmutation capability regarding transuranic elements and especially minor actinides. These designs will be intended for use in thermal spectrum (e.g., current and future fleet of light water reactors in the US). We investigated various fuel types, namely high burn-up advanced mixed oxides and inert matrix fuels, in various geometrical designs that are compliant with the core internals of current and future light water reactors. Neutronic/thermal hydraulic effects were included. Transmutation efficiency and safety parameters were used to rank and down-select the various designs.

  14. Advancements in reprogramming strategies for the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mei I. Lai; Wai Yeng Wendy-Yeo; Rajesh Ramasamy; Norshariza Nordin; Rozita Rosli; Abhi Veerakumarasivam; Syahril Abdullah

    2011-01-01

    Direct reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells has emerged as an invaluable method for generating\\u000a patient-specific stem cells of any lineage without the use of embryonic materials. Following the first reported generation\\u000a of iPS cells from murine fibroblasts using retroviral transduction of a defined set of transcription factors, various new\\u000a strategies have been developed to improve

  15. Videos: Autism Spectrum Disorders Selected Videos

    E-print Network

    Nguyen, Danh

    Videos: Autism Spectrum Disorders Selected Videos http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/mindinstitute/videos/video_index.html A Community Forum: Autism Spectrum Disorders Presenters: David Amaral, Ph.D., Sally Rogers Ph.D., and Peter Cordova Unified School District Can We Identify and Treat Autism in Infancy? Presenter: Sally Rogers, Ph

  16. Behavior of vortices generated by an advancing ejecta curtain in theory, in the laboratory, and on Mars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barnouin, O. S.; Schultz, P. H.

    1993-01-01

    Several papers assess the interaction between an atmosphere and advancing ejecta to assess possible atmospheric processes affecting ejecta emplacement. Ejecta travel through an atmosphere in two modes: larger ejecta blocks follow ballistic trajectories unhindered by the atmosphere; finer ejecta are entrained in a turbulent basal cloud, which develops as the advancing ejecta curtain generates strong atmospheric winds. Laboratory experiments reveal that this cloud of fine ejecta produce ramparts, flow lobes, or radial scouring that superposes larger ballistic ejecta emplaced earlier. Martian, Venusian, and terrestrial ejecta facies can be interpreted in terms of processes observed in the laboratory with appropriate first-order corrections for scaling. A continuum model of the atmospheric flow around an advancing inclined plate simulated and reproduced some of the complex flow patterns observed in front and at the top of the curtain. Here we consider improvements to the model to compare quantitatively the approximate position of ejecta deposition (i.e., run-out distance) with laboratory experiments and Martian ejecta facies.

  17. A video event trigger for high frame rate, high resolution video technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Williams, Glenn L.

    1991-01-01

    When video replaces film the digitized video data accumulates very rapidly, leading to a difficult and costly data storage problem. One solution exists for cases when the video images represent continuously repetitive 'static scenes' containing negligible activity, occasionally interrupted by short events of interest. Minutes or hours of redundant video frames can be ignored, and not stored, until activity begins. A new, highly parallel digital state machine generates a digital trigger signal at the onset of a video event. High capacity random access memory storage coupled with newly available fuzzy logic devices permits the monitoring of a video image stream for long term or short term changes caused by spatial translation, dilation, appearance, disappearance, or color change in a video object. Pretrigger and post-trigger storage techniques are then adaptable for archiving the digital stream from only the significant video images.

  18. Recent advances on pipe inspection using guided waves generated by electromagnetic acoustic transducers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vasiljevic, Milos; Kundu, Tribikram; Grill, Wolfgang; Twerdowski, Evgeny

    2008-03-01

    For several years guided waves have been used for pipe wall defect detection. Guided waves have become popular for monitoring large structures because of the capability of these waves to propagate long distances along pipes, plates, interfaces and structural boundaries before loosing their strengths. The current technological challenges are to detect small defects in the pipe wall and estimate their dimensions using appropriate guided wave modes and to generate those modes relatively easily for field applications. Electro-Magnetic Acoustic Transducers (EMAT) can generate guided waves in pipes in the field environment. This paper shows how small defects in the pipe wall can be detected and their dimensions can be estimated by appropriate signal processing technique applied to the signals generated and received by the EMAT.

  19. The effect of advanced technology on the second-generation SST

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coen, P. G.

    1986-01-01

    Technological developments that promise to substantially increase the efficiency of next-generation subsonic commercial aircraft, together with additional developments in supersonic aircraft aerodynamics, structures and propulsion systems, are presently evaluated in order to project the extent of performance and economic improvement obtainable for a future SST by comparison to the Concorde SST. It is demonstrated that the second-generation SST projected will double passenger-carrying capacity from 100 for the Concorde to 200, despite reducing takeoff gross weight from 400,000 to 321,000 lbs and extending range by some 2000 nm.

  20. Advanced Wind Turbine Program Next Generation Turbine Development Project: June 17, 1997--April 30, 2005

    SciTech Connect

    GE Wind Energy, LLC

    2006-05-01

    This document reports the technical results of the Next Generation Turbine Development Project conducted by GE Wind Energy LLC. This project is jointly funded by GE and the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory.The goal of this project is for DOE to assist the U.S. wind industry in exploring new concepts and applications of cutting-edge technology in pursuit of the specific objective of developing a wind turbine that can generate electricity at a levelized cost of energy of $0.025/kWh at sites with an average wind speed of 15 mph (at 10 m height).

  1. Second law analysis of advanced power generation systems using variable temperature heat sources

    SciTech Connect

    Bliem, C.J.; Mines, G.L.

    1990-01-01

    Many systems produce power using variable temperature (sensible) heat sources. The Heat Cycle Research Program is currently investigating the potential improvements to such power cycles utilizing moderate temperature geothermal resources to produce electrical power. It has been shown that mixtures of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes) or halogenated hydrocarbons operating with a supercritical Rankine cycle gave improved performance over boiling Rankine cycles with the pure working fluids for typical applications. Recently, in addition to the supercritical Rankine Cycle, other types of cycles have been proposed for binary geothermal service. This paper explores the limits on efficiency of a feasible plant and discusses the methods used in these advanced concept plants to achieve the maximum possible efficiency. The advanced plants considered appear to be approaching the feasible limit of performance so that the designer must weigh all considerations to fine the best plant for a given service. These results would apply to power systems in other services as well as to geothermal power plants. 17 refs., 15 figs.

  2. Data Generation in the Discovery Sciences--Learning from the Practices in an Advanced Research Laboratory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roth, Wolff-Michael

    2013-01-01

    General scientific literacy includes understanding the grounds on which scientific claims are based. The measurements scientists make and the data that they produce from them generally constitute these grounds. However, the nature of data generation has received relatively little attention from those interested in teaching science through inquiry.…

  3. Supporting Development for the Stirling Radioisotope Generator and Advanced Stirling Technology Development at NASA GRC

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lanny G. Thieme; Jeffrey G. Schreiber

    2005-01-01

    A high-efficiency, 110-We (watts electric) Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG110) for possible use on future NASA Space Science missions is being developed by the Department of Energy, Lockheed Martin, Stirling Technology Company (STC), and NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). Potential mission use includes providing spacecraft onboard electric power for deep space missions and power for unmanned Mars rovers. GRC is conducting

  4. A rule-based expert system for generating control displays at the Advanced Photon Source

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Coulter

    1993-01-01

    The integration of a rule-based expert system for generating screen displays for controlling and monitoring instrumentation under the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) is presented. The expert system is implemented using CLIPS, an expert system shell from the Software Technology Branch at Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. The user selects the hardware input and output to be displayed

  5. A rule-based expert system for generating control displays at the Advanced Photon Source

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen J. Coulter

    1994-01-01

    The integration of a rule-based expert system for generating screen displays for controlling and monitoring instrumentation under the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) is presented. The expert system is implemented using CLIPS, an expert system shell from the Software Technology Branch at Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. The user selects the hardware input and output to be displayed

  6. Application of an advanced real options approach for renewable energy generation projects planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. A. Martínez-Ceseña; J. Mutale

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, there is growing interest in renewable energy (RE) generation projects due to environmental and sustainability concerns. However, initial costs and uncertainties caused by RE source variability, changes in support schemes, and other factors can render RE projects unattractive when subject to conventional financial assessment. Initial research suggests that the value of RE projects can be enhanced by the application

  7. Advanced concepts: The second generation of compressed air-energy storage technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. D. Kannberg

    1981-01-01

    A description and assessment is provided for four second generation compressed air energy storage (CAES) concepts; abiabatic CAES, hybrid CAES, CAES with coal gasification (CG), and CAES with pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC). These are based on information provided in conceptual design studies performed by Acres American, Inc., United Engineers and Constructors, and United Technologies Research Center. The assessment covers

  8. Recent Advance of Hydride Generation–Analytical Atomic Spectrometry: Part II—Analysis of Real Samples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhou Long; Chen Chen; Xiandeng Hou; Chengbin Zheng

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: As an extended discussion of Part I, this review provides a survey of the literature about the elemental and speciation analysis of hydride-forming and non-hydride-forming elements in real samples by using hydride generation–analytical atomic spectrometry based on the recently developed technique summarized in Part I, with emphasis on the sample pretreatment methods and interference elimination.

  9. Recent Advance of Hydride Generation-Analytical Atomic Spectrometry: Part II- Analysis of Real Samples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhou Long; Chen Chen; Xiandeng Hou; Chengbin Zheng

    2012-01-01

    As an extended discussion of Part I, this review provides a survey of the literature about the elemental and speciation analysis of hydride-forming and non-hydride forming elements in real samples by using hydride generation-analytical atomic spectrometry based on the recently developed technique summarized in Part I, with emphesis on the sample pretreatment methods and interference elimination.

  10. An overview of advanced space\\/terrestrial power generation device: AMTEC

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. K. Lodhi; P. Vijayaraghavan; A. Daloglu

    2001-01-01

    Alkali metal thermal electric converter (AMTEC) technology offers several advantages over conventional forms of electric generation. Some of these advantages are high efficiency, high density, reliability, absence of moving parts, and competitive manufacturing costs. These and other advantages make AMTECs ideally suited for several space, aerospace, military and domestic applications.Current AMTEC designs suffer from some drawbacks that need to be

  11. Accelerating YouTube with video correlation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xu Cheng; Jiangchuan Liu; Haiyang Wang

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, using long-term data traces, we present an in-depth measurement study on the characteristics of YouTube, the most successful site providing a new generation of short video sharing service. We find that YouTube videos have noticeable differences compared with traditional videos, making it difficult to use conventional strategies, such as peer-to-peer, to reduce the server workload. However, the

  12. Real-time video-image analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eskenazi, R.; Rayfield, M. J.; Yakimovsky, Y.

    1979-01-01

    Digitizer and storage system allow rapid random access to video data by computer. RAPID (random-access picture digitizer) uses two commercially-available, charge-injection, solid-state TV cameras as sensors. It can continuously update its memory with each frame of video signal, or it can hold given frame in memory. In either mode, it generates composite video output signal representing digitized image in memory.

  13. On-sun test results from second-generation and advanced-concepts alkali-metal pool-boiler receivers

    SciTech Connect

    Moreno, J.B.; Andraka, C.E.; Moss, T.A.; Cordeiro, P.G.; Dudley, V.E.; Rawlinson, K.S.

    1994-05-01

    Two 75-kW{sub t} alkali-metal pool-boiler solar receivers have been successfully tested at Sandia National Laboratories` National Solar Thermal Test Facility. The first one, Sandia`s `` second-generation pool-boiler receiver,`` was designed to address commercialization issues identified during post-test assessment of Sandia`s first-generation pool-boiler receiver. It was constructed from Haynes alloy 230 and contained the alkali-metal alloy NaK-78. The absorber`s wetted side had a brazed-on powder-metal coating to stabilize boiling. This receiver was evaluated for boiling stability, hot- and warm-restart behavior, and thermal efficiency. Boiling was stable under all conditions. All of the hot restarts were successful. Mild transient hot spots observed during some hot restarts were eliminated by the addition of 1/3 torr of xenon to the vapor space. All of the warm restarts were also successful. The heat-transfer crisis that damaged the first receiver did not recur. Thermal efficiency was 92.3% at 750{degrees}C with 69.6 kW{sub t} solar input. The second receiver tested, Sandia`s ``advanced-concepts receiver,`` was a replica of the first-generation receiver except that the cavities, which were electric-discharge-machined in the absorber for boiling stability, were eliminated. This step was motivated by bench-scale test results that showed that boiling stability improved with increased heated-surface area, tilt of the heated surface from vertical, and added xenon. The bench-scale results suggested that stable boiling might be possible without heated-surface modification in a 75-kW{sub t} receiver. Boiling in the advanced-concepts receiver with 1/3 torr of xenon added has been stable under all conditions, confirming the bench-scale tests.

  14. Science Teacher Efficacy and Extrinsic Factors toward Professional Development Using Video Games in a Design-Based Research Model: The Next Generation of STEM Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annetta, Leonard A.; Frazier, Wendy M.; Folta, Elizabeth; Holmes, Shawn; Lamb, Richard; Cheng, Meng-Tzu

    2013-01-01

    Designed-based research principles guided the study of 51 secondary-science teachers in the second year of a 3-year professional development project. The project entailed the creation of student-centered, inquiry-based, science, video games. A professional development model appropriate for infusing innovative technologies into standards-based…

  15. An Advanced Next Generation Archival and Distribution System for Global Atmospheric Science Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. A. Ritchey; J. M. Kusterer

    2008-01-01

    NASA's Atmospheric Science Data Center at the NASA Langley Research Center has developed a new state- of-the-art data archival, and distribution system to serve the atmospheric sciences data provider and user communities. The new system, called Archive - Next Generation (ANGe), is replacing a large-scale science data management system, and is designed with a distributed, multi-tier, serviced-based, message oriented architecture

  16. Carbon dioxide capture and separation techniques for advanced power generation point sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. W. Pennline; D. R. Luebke; B. I. Morsi; Y. J. Heintz; K. L. Jones; J. B. Ilconich

    2006-01-01

    The capture\\/separation step for carbon dioxide (CO2) from large-point sources is a critical one with respect to the technical feasibility and cost of the overall carbon sequestration scenario. For large-point sources, such as those found in power generation, the carbon dioxide capture techniques being investigated by the in-house research area of the National Energy Technology Laboratory possess the potential for

  17. Organic materials for second-harmonic generation: advances in relating structure to function.

    PubMed

    Cole, Jacqueline M

    2003-12-15

    The relationships between molecular structure and the nonlinear optical phenomenon second-harmonic generation (SHG) are discussed. New-found relationships built up from basic structural axioms that were deduced in the 1970s and 1980s are the particular focus of this article, using structural results from X-ray and neutron-diffraction studies. The molecular and supramolecular manifestations of the SHG effect are borne out, although ways to optimize the effect on the molecular scale feature predominantly, since control of SHG on the supramolecular scale remains difficult given present limitations. The use of a variety of templates to generate head-to-tail oriented host-guest species thereby bypassing such limitations is described. The paper concludes with a look ahead at next generation 'octupolar' SHG-active compounds, the prediction of new series of SHG-active compounds via data-mining computational procedures, and developments in diffraction technology that may enable structural movies of a molecule to be captured during the SHG process. A practical assessment of the viability of organic SHG materials for industrial application is reviewed with a positive outcome, thus indicating a promising future for organic SHG materials. PMID:14667296

  18. A prototype to automate the video subsystem routing for the video distribution subsystem of Space Station Freedom

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Betz, Jessie M. Bethly

    1993-01-01

    The Video Distribution Subsystem (VDS) for Space Station Freedom provides onboard video communications. The VDS includes three major functions: external video switching; internal video switching; and sync and control generation. The Video Subsystem Routing (VSR) is a part of the VDS Manager Computer Software Configuration Item (VSM/CSCI). The VSM/CSCI is the software which controls and monitors the VDS equipment. VSR activates, terminates, and modifies video services in response to Tier-1 commands to connect video sources to video destinations. VSR selects connection paths based on availability of resources and updates the video routing lookup tables. This project involves investigating the current methodology to automate the Video Subsystem Routing and developing and testing a prototype as 'proof of concept' for designers.

  19. Making Sense of Video Games: Pre-Service Teachers Struggle with This New Medium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Austin Evans; Sacip Toker

    This next generation of students has had exposure to digital media far more than any previous generation, particularly video games. Almost daily, news outlets report the latest news on the evils of video games, how much children are playing video games, the potential of video games, and the list just goes on. In this presentation, the researchers explore how pre-service

  20. Television camera video level control system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kravitz, M.; Freedman, L. A.; Fredd, E. H.; Denef, D. E. (inventors)

    1985-01-01

    A video level control system is provided which generates a normalized video signal for a camera processing circuit. The video level control system includes a lens iris which provides a controlled light signal to a camera tube. The camera tube converts the light signal provided by the lens iris into electrical signals. A feedback circuit in response to the electrical signals generated by the camera tube, provides feedback signals to the lens iris and the camera tube. This assures that a normalized video signal is provided in a first illumination range. An automatic gain control loop, which is also responsive to the electrical signals generated by the camera tube 4, operates in tandem with the feedback circuit. This assures that the normalized video signal is maintained in a second illumination range.

  1. Analytical investigation of thermal barrier coatings for advanced power generation combustion turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Amos, D. J.

    1977-01-01

    An analytical evaluation was conducted to determine quantitatively the improvement potential in cycle efficiency and cost of electricity made possible by the introduction of thermal barrier coatings to power generation combustion turbine systems. The thermal barrier system, a metallic bond coat and yttria stabilized zirconia outer layer applied by plasma spray techniques, acts as a heat insulator to provide substantial metal temperature reductions below that of the exposed thermal barrier surface. The study results show the thermal barrier to be a potentially attractive means for improving performance and reducing cost of electricity for the simple, recuperated, and combined cycles evaluated.

  2. Analytical procedures for estimating structural response to acoustic fields generated by advanced launch systems, phase 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elishakoff, Isaac; Lin, Y. K.; Zhu, Li-Ping; Fang, Jian-Jie; Cai, G. Q.

    1994-07-01

    This report supplements a previous report of the same title submitted in June, 1992. It summarizes additional analytical techniques which have been developed for predicting the response of linear and nonlinear structures to noise excitations generated by large propulsion power plants. The report is divided into nine chapters. The first two deal with incomplete knowledge of boundary conditions of engineering structures. The incomplete knowledge is characterized by a convex set, and its diagnosis is formulated as a multi-hypothesis discrete decision-making algorithm with attendant criteria of adaptive termination.

  3. Analytical procedures for estimating structural response to acoustic fields generated by advanced launch systems, phase 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Elishakoff, Isaac; Lin, Y. K.; Zhu, Li-Ping; Fang, Jian-Jie; Cai, G. Q.

    1994-01-01

    This report supplements a previous report of the same title submitted in June, 1992. It summarizes additional analytical techniques which have been developed for predicting the response of linear and nonlinear structures to noise excitations generated by large propulsion power plants. The report is divided into nine chapters. The first two deal with incomplete knowledge of boundary conditions of engineering structures. The incomplete knowledge is characterized by a convex set, and its diagnosis is formulated as a multi-hypothesis discrete decision-making algorithm with attendant criteria of adaptive termination.

  4. Advanced techniques for noise source identification on a large generator unit

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, R.G.D. (GEC Alsthom Turbine Generator Ltd., Stafford (United Kingdom)); Yang, S.J. (Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh (United Kingdom))

    1993-03-01

    Power station acoustic noise assessment, which has experienced increased environmental awareness and subsequently more stringent legislation for a number of years, has received and added stimulus due to the recent advent of powerful measurement and analysis techniques including sound intensity and coherence. These experimental techniques are explained and results, for a generator unit, illustrate their value in providing a unique, correlated insight into noise problems. This includes noise quantification, full explanation of site sound pressure level in terms of the various influences and major noise source identification. These techniques are widely applicable and an invaluable aid to any industrial noise problem.

  5. DVD-Video: Multimedia for the Masses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jim Taylor

    1999-01-01

    DVD (digital video disc, or digital versatile disc) is the next generation of optical disc storage technology. It's essentially a bigger, faster compact disc (CD) that can hold video as well as audio and computer data. DVD aims to encompass home entertainment, computers and business information with a single digital format, eventually replacing audio CD, videotape, laser disc, CD-ROM, and

  6. Women, Video Gaming and Learning: Beyond Stereotypes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Elisabeth

    2005-01-01

    While video gaming has grown immensely as an industry over the last decade, with growing numbers of gamers around the globe, including women, gaming continues to be a very gendered practice. The apparent gender divide in video gaming has caught the attention of both the gaming industry and educators, generating considerable discussion and…

  7. Promoting Academic Programs Using Online Videos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Thomas; Stewart, Julie

    2007-01-01

    In the last 20 years, the Internet has evolved from simply conveying text and then still photographs and music to the present-day medium in which individuals are contributors and consumers of a nearly infinite number of professional and do-it-yourself videos. In this dynamic environment, new generations of Internet users are streaming video and…

  8. Environmentally Robust Motion Detection for Video Surveillance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyenkyun Woo; Yoon Mo Jung; Jeong-Gyoo Kim; Jin Keun Seo

    2010-01-01

    Most video surveillance systems require to manually set a motion detection sensitivity level to generate motion alarms. The performance of motion detection algorithms, embedded in closed circuit television (CCTV) camera and digital video recorder (DVR), usually depends upon the preselected motion sensitivity level, which is expected to work in all environmental conditions. Due to the preselected sensitivity level, false alarms

  9. Improving Access to a Digital Video Library

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael G. Christel; David B. Winkler; C. Roy Taylor

    1997-01-01

    Quick access to short, relevant video segments enables efficient use of a digital video library. This study evaluated an interface designed for such access, an interface that allows the user to browse a set of segments generated by a search query. Subjects' performance and attitudes were measured while they performed a fact-finding task to determine the relative effectiveness of three

  10. Education Tools: Nanotechnology Video Modules

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Penn State Center for Nanotechnology Education and Utilization (CNEU) is the home of the Pennsylvania Nanofabrication Manufacturing Technology (NMT) Partnership and the National Science Foundation (NSF) Regional Center for Nanofabrication Manufacturing Education, an NSF-sponsored regional Advanced Technology Education (ATE) Center. CNEU is dedicated to research, development, and education across all aspects of micro- and nanotechnology and the resources of the Center are focused on the incorporation of nanotechnology into secondary education, post-secondary education, and industry applications. Here, CNEU provides a series of Nanotechnology Video Modules which are used as an introduction to nanotechnology courses at CNEU partner institutions. There are currently six videos available covering introductions, nanotech basics, nanotech industry influence, nanotech educational opportunities, and career choices in nanotech. For anyone interested in basic nanotech courses or in encouraging students to consider nanotech as a career option these videos might prove useful.

  11. Applications study of advanced power generation systems utilizing coal-derived fuels. Volume 1: Executive summary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robson, F. L.

    1981-03-01

    The technology status of phosphoric acid and molten carbon fuel cells, combined gas and steam turbine cycles, and magnetohydrodynamic energy conversion systems was assessed and the power performance of these systems when operating with medium-Btu fuel gas whether delivered by pipeline to the power plant or in an integrated mode in which the coal gasification process and power system are closely coupled as an overall power plant was evaluated. Commercially available combined-cycle gas turbine systems can reach projected required performance levels for advanced systems using currently available technology. The phosphoric acid fuel cell appears to be the next most likely candidate for commercialization. On pipeline delivery, the systems efficiency ranges from 40.9% for the phosphoric acid fuel cell to 63% for the molten carbonate fuel cell system. The efficiencies of the integrated power plants vary from approximately 39-40% for the combined cycle to 46-47% for the molden carbonate fuel cell systems. Conventional coal-fired steam stations with flue-gas desulfurization have only 33-35% efficiency.

  12. Modeling of the Main Component of the Bottoming Stage in an Advanced Co-Generation System on the Operational Planning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tomizawa, Masao; Takeshita, Keisuke; Tsuri, Keisuke; Amano, Yoshiharu; Akiba, Masashi; Hashizume, Takumi

    The advanced co-generation system (ACGS) was built at Waseda University in 1999. The ACGS consists of a gas turbine, a steam turbine, an ammonia-water mixture turbine, an ammonia absorption refrigerator and an ice storage system. These turbine systems have a cascade relation upon the utilization of energy. Meanwhile, the ammonia-water mixture turbine and the ammonia absorption refrigerator located in the bottoming stage of the ACGS to utilize the lower temperature steam. In this paper, a mathematical model of the bottoming stage of the ACGS is established according to the experimental data. And, the operational planning of the bottoming stage with three cases of the cooling demand during the nighttime is also discussed.

  13. Toward the Next Generation of Negative Symptom Assessments: The Collaboration to Advance Negative Symptom Assessment in Schizophrenia

    PubMed Central

    Blanchard, Jack J.; Kring, Ann M.; Horan, William P.; Gur, Raquel

    2011-01-01

    Negative symptoms in schizophrenia are related to poor functional outcome, persistent over time, a source of burden for caregivers, and only minimally responsive to currently available medications. A major challenge to developing efficacious interventions concerns the valid and reliable assessment of negative symptoms. In a recent consensus statement on negative symptoms, a central recommendation was the need to develop new assessment approaches that address the limitations of existing instruments. In the current report, we summarize the background and rationale for the Collaboration to Advance Negative Symptom Assessment in Schizophrenia (CANSAS). The CANSAS project is an National Institute of Mental Health-funded multisite study that is constructing a next-generation negative symptom scale, the Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS). The CAINS is being developed within a data-driven iterative process that seeks to ensure the measure’s reliability, validity, and utility for both basic psychopathology and treatment development research. PMID:20861151

  14. Glycation of H1 Histone by 3-Deoxyglucosone: Effects on Protein Structure and Generation of Different Advanced Glycation End Products

    PubMed Central

    Ashraf, Jalaluddin Mohammad; Rabbani, Gulam; Ahmad, Saheem; Hasan, Qambar; Khan, Rizwan Hasan; Alam, Khursheed; Choi, Inho

    2015-01-01

    Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) culminate from the non-enzymatic reaction between a free carbonyl group of a reducing sugar and free amino group of proteins. 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG) is one of the dicarbonyl species that rapidly forms several protein-AGE complexes that are believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases, particularly diabetic complications. In this study, the generation of AGEs (N?-carboxymethyl lysine and pentosidine) by 3-DG in H1 histone protein was characterized by evaluating extent of side chain modification (lysine and arginine) and formation of Amadori products as well as carbonyl contents using several physicochemical techniques. Results strongly suggested that 3-DG is a potent glycating agent that forms various intermediates and AGEs during glycation reactions and affects the secondary structure of the H1 protein. Structural changes and AGE formation may influence the function of H1 histone and compromise chromatin structures in cases of secondary diabetic complications. PMID:26121680

  15. Advancements and challenges in generating accurate animal models of gestational diabetes mellitus

    PubMed Central

    Pasek, Raymond C.

    2013-01-01

    The maintenance of glucose homeostasis during pregnancy is critical to the health and well-being of both the mother and the developing fetus. Strikingly, approximately 7% of human pregnancies are characterized by insufficient insulin production or signaling, resulting in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). In addition to the acute health concerns of hyperglycemia, women diagnosed with GDM during pregnancy have an increased incidence of complications during pregnancy as well as an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) later in life. Furthermore, children born to mothers diagnosed with GDM have increased incidence of perinatal complications, including hypoglycemia, respiratory distress syndrome, and macrosomia, as well as an increased risk of being obese or developing T2D as adults. No single environmental or genetic factor is solely responsible for the disease; instead, a variety of risk factors, including weight, ethnicity, genetics, and family history, contribute to the likelihood of developing GDM, making the generation of animal models that fully recapitulate the disease difficult. Here, we discuss and critique the various animal models that have been generated to better understand the etiology of diabetes during pregnancy and its physiological impacts on both the mother and the fetus. Strategies utilized are diverse in nature and include the use of surgical manipulation, pharmacological treatment, nutritional manipulation, and genetic approaches in a variety of animal models. Continued development of animal models of GDM is essential for understanding the consequences of this disease as well as providing insights into potential treatments and preventative measures. PMID:24085033

  16. Fitness Consequences of Advanced Ancestral Age over Three Generations in Humans

    PubMed Central

    Hayward, Adam D.; Lummaa, Virpi; Bazykin, Georgii A.

    2015-01-01

    A rapid rise in age at parenthood in contemporary societies has increased interest in reports of higher prevalence of de novo mutations and health problems in individuals with older fathers, but the fitness consequences of such age effects over several generations remain untested. Here, we use extensive pedigree data on seven pre-industrial Finnish populations to show how the ages of ancestors for up to three generations are associated with fitness traits. Individuals whose fathers, grandfathers and great-grandfathers fathered their lineage on average under age 30 were ~13% more likely to survive to adulthood than those whose ancestors fathered their lineage at over 40 years. In addition, females had a lower probability of marriage if their male ancestors were older. These findings are consistent with an increase of the number of accumulated de novo mutations with male age, suggesting that deleterious mutations acquired from recent ancestors may be a substantial burden to fitness in humans. However, possible non-mutational explanations for the observed associations are also discussed. PMID:26030274

  17. Monolithic solid oxide fuel cell technology advancement for coal-based power generation. Final report, September 1989--March 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-05-01

    This project has successfully advanced the technology for MSOFCs for coal-based power generation. Major advances include: tape-calendering processing technology, leading to 3X improved performance at 1000 C; stack materials formulations and designs with sufficiently close thermal expansion match for no stack damage after repeated thermal cycling in air; electrically conducting bonding with excellent structural robustness; and sealants that form good mechanical seals for forming manifold structures. A stack testing facility was built for high-spower MSOFC stacks. Comprehensive models were developed for fuel cell performance and for analyzing structural stresses in multicell stacks and electrical resistance of various stack configurations. Mechanical and chemical compatibility properties of fuel cell components were measured; they show that the baseline Ca-, Co-doped interconnect expands and weakens in hydrogen fuel. This and the failure to develop adequate sealants were the reason for performance shortfalls in large stacks. Small (1-in. footprint) two-cell stacks were fabricated which achieved good performance (average area-specific-resistance 1.0 ohm-cm{sup 2} per cell); however, larger stacks had stress-induced structural defects causing poor performance.

  18. Infant CPR Video Demonstration

    MedlinePLUS

    Infant CPR Video Demonstration Video demonstration of CPR instruction for infants. RETURN TO MAIN PAGE These Videos Are For Educational Use Only And Are Not Authorized for Commercial Use. © 1998 - 2011 ...

  19. Supporting Development for the Stirling Radioisotope Generator and Advanced Stirling Technology Development at NASA Glenn Research Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thieme, Lanny G.; Schreiber, Jeffrey G.

    2005-01-01

    A high-efficiency, 110-We (watts electric) Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG110) for possible use on future NASA Space Science missions is being developed by the Department of Energy, Lockheed Martin, Stirling Technology Company (STC), and NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). Potential mission use includes providing spacecraft onboard electric power for deep space missions and power for unmanned Mars rovers. GRC is conducting an in-house supporting technology project to assist in SRG110 development. One-, three-, and six-month heater head structural benchmark tests have been completed in support of a heater head life assessment. Testing is underway to evaluate the key epoxy bond of the permanent magnets to the linear alternator stator lamination stack. GRC has completed over 10,000 hours of extended duration testing of the Stirling convertors for the SRG110, and a three-year test of two Stirling convertors in a thermal vacuum environment will be starting shortly. GRC is also developing advanced technology for Stirling convertors, aimed at substantially improving the specific power and efficiency of the convertor and the overall generator. Sunpower, Inc. has begun the development of a lightweight Stirling convertor, under a NASA Research Announcement (NRA) award, that has the potential to double the system specific power to about 8 We/kg. GRC has performed random vibration testing of a lower-power version of this convertor to evaluate robustness for surviving launch vibrations. STC has also completed the initial design of a lightweight convertor. Status of the development of a multi-dimensional computational fluid dynamics code and high-temperature materials work on advanced superalloys, refractory metal alloys, and ceramics are also discussed.

  20. Harmonic Generation and Soft-X-Ray Laser with LASERIX: Source Development, Applications and Advanced Diagnosis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guilbaud, Olivier; Kazamias, Sophie; Cassou, Kevin; Pittman, Moana; Daboussi, Sameh; Delmas, Olivier; Demailly, Julien; Neveu, Olivier; Pouhe, Chris; Vodungbo, Boris; Zeitoun, Philippe; Wilson, Lucy; Tallents, Greg; Dusseix, Antonin; Richet, Gabriel; Gense, Aurelie; Nghiem, Bich-Lien; Cros, Brigitte; Maynard, Gilles; Ros, David

    The LASERIX facility has restarted operation in the middle of the year 2010. Since then, important work has been achieved on the XUV sources performance, reliability and stability, which lead to the construction of two beamlines. The first one is based on transient collisional soft X-ray laser. In the second one, the high order harmonic generation process is used to convert infrared laser into coherent XUV radiations. Characteristics and some recent works on both of them will be presented. Besides, a complete setup for pump-probe experiments has been developed and successfully tested. Some examples involving this device and dealing with plasma opacity, radiobiology and nanomagnetism will be presented. We will conclude this paper by a discussion on how application experiments can be turned into valuable diagnostics for XUV sources.

  1. Undertanding Brain Aneurysm Videos

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    BAF Publications Webinars Videos Articles Web Resources Books Publications on BAF Funded Research Projects Glossary GTranslate Educational Resources : Video Brain Aneurysm Symptoms - Early Detection of Brain Aneurysms ...

  2. Video Streaming for Mobile Video Surveillance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giovanni Gualdi; Andrea Prati; Rita Cucchiara

    2008-01-01

    Mobile video surveillance represents a new paradigm that encompasses, on the one side, ubiquitous video acquisition and, on the other side, ubiquitous video processing and viewing, addressing both computer-based and human-based surveillance. To this aim, systems must provide efficient video streaming with low latency and low frame skipping, even over limited bandwidth networks. This work presents MoSES (MObile Streaming for

  3. Learning video preferences from video content

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Darin Brezeale; Diane J. Cook

    2007-01-01

    Viewers of video now have more choices than ever. As the number of choices increases, the task of searching through these choices to locate video of interest is becoming more difficult. Current methods for learning a viewer's preferences in order to automate the search process rely either on video having content descriptions or on having been rated by other viewers

  4. Combined wavelet video coding and error control for internet streaming and multicast 

    E-print Network

    Chu, Tianli

    2002-01-01

    In the past several years, advances in Internet video streaming have been tremendous. Originally designed without error protection, Receiver-driven layered multicast (RLM) has proved to be a very effective scheme for scalable video multicast. Though...

  5. Combined wavelet video coding and error control for internet streaming and multicast

    E-print Network

    Chu, Tianli

    2002-01-01

    In the past several years, advances in Internet video streaming have been tremendous. Originally designed without error protection, Receiver-driven layered multicast (RLM) has proved to be a very effective scheme for scalable video multicast. Though...

  6. Parametric Analysis of a Hover Test Vehicle using Advanced Test Generation and Data Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gundy-Burlet, Karen; Schumann, Johann; Menzies, Tim; Barrett, Tony

    2009-01-01

    Large complex aerospace systems are generally validated in regions local to anticipated operating points rather than through characterization of the entire feasible operational envelope of the system. This is due to the large parameter space, and complex, highly coupled nonlinear nature of the different systems that contribute to the performance of the aerospace system. We have addressed the factors deterring such an analysis by applying a combination of technologies to the area of flight envelop assessment. We utilize n-factor (2,3) combinatorial parameter variations to limit the number of cases, but still explore important interactions in the parameter space in a systematic fashion. The data generated is automatically analyzed through a combination of unsupervised learning using a Bayesian multivariate clustering technique (AutoBayes) and supervised learning of critical parameter ranges using the machine-learning tool TAR3, a treatment learner. Covariance analysis with scatter plots and likelihood contours are used to visualize correlations between simulation parameters and simulation results, a task that requires tool support, especially for large and complex models. We present results of simulation experiments for a cold-gas-powered hover test vehicle.

  7. NGA's use of aerogravity to advance the next generation of Earth Gravitational Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kenyon, S. C.; Forsberg, R.; Olesen, A. V.; Holmes, S. A.

    2012-12-01

    NGA has a long history of using aerogravity to improve existing knowledge of the world's gravity field, particularly over remote and inaccessible areas of the earth. Recent and on-going airborne campaigns include projects over Ethiopia, Nepal, Alaska, Tanzania, Antarctica, Indonesia, Mongolia, Afghanistan and the Arctic. Many of these datasets have already contributed to the development of improved national and regional geoid models. Comparisons of these geoid models against independent data serves as a useful quality check on the input aerogravity. Additionally, NGA is using the new airborne data to update their global terrestrial gravity anomaly file. NGA is forming harmonic models of this new aerogravity-enhanced data file and comparing these against the corresponding anomaly file used to develop EGM08, particularly in terms of their relative agreement with new satellite models in the long wavelength band. Initial results show clear improvement over the newly surveyed areas. This type of analysis highlights other regions which would also benefit from new aerogravity campaigns. Ultimately, this new and future data will propagate into NGA's next generation of earth gravitational models, thereby supporting the realization of an improved World Vertical Height System.

  8. Advanced concepts: the second generation of compressed air-energy-storage technology

    SciTech Connect

    Kannberg, L.D.

    1981-09-01

    A description and assessment is provided for four second generation compressed air energy storage (CAES) concepts; adiabatic CAES, hybrid CAES, CAES with coal gasification (CG), and CAES with pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC). These are based on information provided in conceptual design studies performed by Acres American, Inc., United Engineers and Constructors, and United Technologies Research Center. The assessment covers consideration of the technological readiness, relative economic benefits and operational viability of each concept. It was concluded that the adiabatic CAES concept appears to be the most attractive candidate for utility application in the near future. It is operationally viable, economically attractive compared with competing concepts, and will require relatively little additional development before commercialization. It was estimated that a utility could start the design of a commercial plant in 2 to 3 years if research regarding TES system design is undertaken in a timely manner. The hybrid CAES should also be considered as a candidate for early application. It is similarly viable and close to readiness; however, it is less economically attractive.

  9. An overview of advanced space/terrestrial power generation device: AMTEC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lodhi, M. A. K.; Vijayaraghavan, P.; Daloglu, A.

    Alkali metal thermal electric converter (AMTEC) technology offers several advantages over conventional forms of electric generation. Some of these advantages are high efficiency, high density, reliability, absence of moving parts, and competitive manufacturing costs. These and other advantages make AMTECs ideally suited for several space, aerospace, military and domestic applications. Current AMTEC designs suffer from some drawbacks that need to be rectified if the full potential of the technology is to be realized. These are current cell efficiencies that are still at values below the theoretically possible, and the adverse power-time characteristic of the cell. The PX-3A AMTEC cell, for instance, shows decreasing values of the maximum power output with time. Maximum power decreases from 2.54 W at the end of 172 h to 1.27 W at 18,000 h of cell operation. This latter problem, called power degradation, in particular, will preclude the use of the cell for applications that require operation of the cell for long periods of time. This paper discusses in detail the advantages of AMTEC technology and the problems with current designs. In particular, the problem of power degradation is dealt with in some detail and some measures are suggested that will help arrest this loss of power with time.

  10. Application of advanced grid generation techniques for flow field computations about complex configurations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kathong, Monchai; Tiwari, Surendra N.

    1988-01-01

    In the computation of flowfields about complex configurations, it is very difficult to construct a boundary-fitted coordinate system. An alternative approach is to use several grids at once, each of which is generated independently. This procedure is called the multiple grids or zonal grids approach; its applications are investigated. The method conservative providing conservation of fluxes at grid interfaces. The Euler equations are solved numerically on such grids for various configurations. The numerical scheme used is the finite-volume technique with a three-stage Runge-Kutta time integration. The code is vectorized and programmed to run on the CDC VPS-32 computer. Steady state solutions of the Euler equations are presented and discussed. The solutions include: low speed flow over a sphere, high speed flow over a slender body, supersonic flow through a duct, and supersonic internal/external flow interaction for an aircraft configuration at various angles of attack. The results demonstrate that the multiple grids approach along with the conservative interfacing is capable of computing the flows about the complex configurations where the use of a single grid system is not possible.

  11. Multiresolution scene-based video watermarking using perceptual models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mitchell D. Swanson; Bin Zhu; Ahmed H. Tewfik

    1998-01-01

    We present a watermarking procedure to embed copyright protection into digital video. Our watermarking procedure is scene-based and video dependent. It directly exploits spatial masking, frequency masking, and temporal properties to embed an invisible and robust watermark. The watermark consists of static and dynamic temporal components that are generated from a temporal wavelet transform of the video scenes. The resulting

  12. 3D Video Surveillance with Augmented Virtual Environments

    E-print Network

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    3D Video Surveillance with Augmented Virtual Environments Ismail Oner Sebe, Jinhui Hu, Suya You technologies have inspired a new generation of data analysis and visualization systems for video surveillance applications. We present a novel visualization system for video surveillance based on an Augmented Virtual

  13. DEVELOPMENT OF AN ADVANCED APPROACH FOR NEXT-GENERATION INTEGRATED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

    SciTech Connect

    Scott R. Reeves

    2005-04-01

    Accurate, high-resolution, three-dimensional (3D) reservoir characterization can provide substantial benefits for effective oilfield management. By doing so, the predictive reliability of reservoir flow models, which are routinely used as the basis for investment decisions involving hundreds of millions of dollars and designed to recover millions of barrels of oil, can be significantly improved. Even a small improvement in incremental recovery for high-value assets can result in important contributions to bottom-line profitability. Today's standard practice for developing a 3D reservoir description is to use seismic inversion techniques. These techniques make use of geostatistics and other stochastic methods to solve the inverse problem, i.e., to iteratively construct a likely geologic model and then upscale and compare its acoustic response to that actually observed in the field. This method has several inherent flaws, such as: (1) The resulting models are highly non-unique; multiple equiprobable realizations are produced, meaning (2) The results define a distribution of possible outcomes; the best they can do is quantify the uncertainty inherent in the modeling process, and (3) Each realization must be run through a flow simulator and history matched to assess it's appropriateness, and therefore (4) The method is labor intensive and requires significant time to complete a field study; thus it is applied to only a small percentage of oil and gas producing assets. A new approach to achieve this objective was first examined in a Department of Energy (DOE) study performed by Advanced Resources International (ARI) in 2000/2001. The goal of that study was to evaluate whether robust relationships between data at vastly different scales of measurement could be established using virtual intelligence (VI) methods. The proposed workflow required that three specific relationships be established through use of artificial neural networks (ANN's): core-to-log, log-to-crosswell seismic, and crosswell-to-surface seismic. One of the key attributes of the approach, which should result in the creation of high resolution reservoir characterization with greater accuracy and with less uncertainty than today's methods, is the inclusion of borehole seismic (such as crosswell and/or vertical seismic profiling--VSP) in the data collection scheme. Borehole seismic fills a critical gap in the resolution spectrum of reservoir measurements between the well log and surface seismic scales, thus establishing important constraints on characterization outcomes. The results of that initial study showed that it is, in fact, feasible to establish the three critical relationships required, and that use of data at different scales of measurement to create high-resolution reservoir characterization is possible. Based on the results of this feasibility study, in September 2001, the DOE, again through ARI, launched a subsequent two-year government-industry R&D project to further develop and demonstrate the technology. The goals of this project were to: (1) Make improvements to the initial methodology by incorporating additional VI technologies (such as clustering), using core measurements in place of magnetic resonance image (MRI) logs, and streamlining the workflow, among others. (2) Demonstrate the approach in an integrated manner at a single field site, and validate it via reservoir modeling or other statistical methods.

  14. A video authentication technique

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, C.S.

    1987-01-01

    Unattended video surveillance systems are particularly vulnerable to the substitution of false video images into the cable that connects the camera to the video recorder. New technology has made it practical to insert a solid state video memory into the video cable, freeze a video image from the camera, and hold this image as long as desired. Various techniques, such as long supervision and sync detection, have been used to detect video cable tampering. The video authentication technique described in this paper uses the actual video image from the camera as the basis for detecting any image substitution made during the transmission of the video image to the recorder. The technique, designed for unattended video systems, can be used for any video transmission system where a two-way digital data link can be established. The technique uses similar microprocessor circuitry at the video camera and at the video recorder to select sample points in the video image for comparison. The gray scale value of these points is compared at the recorder controller and if the values agree within limits, the image is authenticated. If a significantly different image was substituted, the comparison would fail at a number of points and the video image would not be authenticated. The video authentication system can run as a stand-alone system or at the request of another system.

  15. A video authentication technique

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, C.S.

    1987-07-01

    Unattended video surveillance systems are particularly vulnerable to the substitution of false video images into the cable that connects the camera to the video recorder. New technology has made it practical to insert a solid state video memory into the video cable, freeze a video image from the camera, and hold this image as long as desired. Various techniques, such as line supervision and sync detection, have been used to detect video cable tampering. The video authentication technique described in this paper uses the actual video image from the camera as the basis for detecting any image substitution made during the transmission of the video image to the recorder. The technique, designed for unattended video systems, can be used for any video transmission system where a two-way digital data link can be established. The technique uses similar microprocessor circuitry at the video camera and at the video recorder to select sample points in the video image for comparison. The gray scale value of these points is compared at the recorder controller and if the values agree within limits, the image is authenticated. If a significantly different image was substituted, the comparison would fail at a number of points and the video image would not be authenticated. The video authentication system can run as a stand-alone system or at the request of another system.

  16. Video conferencing made easy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Larsen, D. Gail; Schwieder, Paul R.

    1993-01-01

    Network video conferencing is advancing rapidly throughout the nation, and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), a Department of Energy (DOE) facility, is at the forefront of the development. Engineers at INEL/EG&G designed and installed a very unique DOE videoconferencing system, offering many outstanding features, that include true multipoint conferencing, user-friendly design and operation with no full-time operators required, and the potential for cost effective expansion of the system. One area where INEL/EG&G engineers made a significant contribution to video conferencing was in the development of effective, user-friendly, end station driven scheduling software. A PC at each user site is used to schedule conferences via a windows package. This software interface provides information to the users concerning conference availability, scheduling, initiation, and termination. The menus are 'mouse' controlled. Once a conference is scheduled, a workstation at the hubs monitors the network to initiate all scheduled conferences. No active operator participation is required once a user schedules a conference through the local PC; the workstation automatically initiates and terminates the conference as scheduled. As each conference is scheduled, hard copy notification is also printed at each participating site. Video conferencing is the wave of the future. The use of these user-friendly systems will save millions in lost productivity and travel cost throughout the nation. The ease of operation and conference scheduling will play a key role on the extent industry uses this new technology. The INEL/EG&G has developed a prototype scheduling system for both commercial and federal government use.

  17. Video game violence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen E. Dill; Jody C. Dill

    1998-01-01

    The popularity of video games, especially violent video games, has reached phenomenal proportions. The theoretical line of reasoning that hypothesizes a causal relationship between violent video-game play and aggression draws on the very large literature on media violence effects. Additionally, there are theoretical reasons to believe that video game effects should be stronger than movie or television violence effects. This

  18. No Fuss Video

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Al

    2006-01-01

    Ever since video became readily available with the advent of the VCR, educators have been clamoring for easier ways to integrate the medium into the classroom. Today, thanks to broadband access and ever-expanding offerings, engaging students with high-quality video has never been easier. Video-on-demand (VOD) services provide bite-size video clips…

  19. Modular Integrated Video System

    SciTech Connect

    Schneider, S.L.

    1989-10-01

    The Modular Integrated Video System (MIVS) was developed to provide a replacement surveillance system for the IAEA's Twin Minolta Film Camera System. This task was sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Program for Technical Assistance to IAEA Safeguards (POTAS). This is the final report describing the development, testing, and production of the MIVS. It begins with the generation of a Program Plan identifying the principal steps necessary for the development of a highly reliable, quality surveillance system. Among these steps were the generation of the functional specifications and the certification test plan. These documents describe prototype development and demonstration, Class III production, environmental testing, reliability testing, field commissioning, and commercial manufacturer selection. Data accumulated from the various steps of the Program Plan are presented in this final report. 10 figs.

  20. VideoSense: A Contextual In-Video Advertising System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tao Mei; Xian-Sheng Hua; Shipeng Li

    2009-01-01

    With Internet delivery of video content surging to an unprecedented level, video has become one of the primary sources for online advertising. In this paper, we present VideoSense as a novel contextual in-video advertising system, which automatically associates the relevant video ads and seamlessly inserts the ads at the appropriate positions within each individual video. Unlike most video sites which

  1. The 3rd International Workshop on Next Generation Climate Models for Advanced High Performance Computing Facilities, March 28-30, 2001, Tokyo, Japan

    E-print Network

    Baumann, Peter

    The 3rd International Workshop on Next Generation Climate Models for Advanced High Performance Computing Facilities, March 28-30, 2001, Tokyo, Japan Overcoming the Data Delivery Bottleneck-known bottlenecks identified in climate research are the high I/O requirements of some scientific codes; other

  2. Video Browsing on Handheld Devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hürst, Wolfgang

    Recent improvements in processing power, storage space, and video codec development enable users now to playback video on their handheld devices in a reasonable quality. However, given the form factor restrictions of such a mobile device, screen size still remains a natural limit and - as the term "handheld" implies - always will be a critical resource. This is not only true for video but any data that is processed on such devices. For this reason, developers have come up with new and innovative ways to deal with large documents in such limited scenarios. For example, if you look at the iPhone, innovative techniques such as flicking have been introduced to skim large lists of text (e.g. hundreds of entries in your music collection). Automatically adapting the zoom level to, for example, the width of table cells when double tapping on the screen enables reasonable browsing of web pages that have originally been designed for large, desktop PC sized screens. A multi touch interface allows you to easily zoom in and out of large text documents and images using two fingers. In the next section, we will illustrate that advanced techniques to browse large video files have been developed in the past years, as well. However, if you look at state-of-the-art video players on mobile devices, normally just simple, VCR like controls are supported (at least at the time of this writing) that only allow users to just start, stop, and pause video playback. If supported at all, browsing and navigation functionality is often restricted to simple skipping of chapters via two single buttons for backward and forward navigation and a small and thus not very sensitive timeline slider.

  3. Discussing dying in the diaspora: attitudes towards advance care planning among first generation Dutch and Italian migrants in rural Australia.

    PubMed

    Sinclair, Craig; Smith, Jessica; Toussaint, Yann; Auret, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    Western cultural practices and values have largely shaped advance care planning (ACP) policies across the world. Low uptake of ACP among ethnic minority groups in Western countries has been interpreted with reference to cultural differences. This paper adopts a life-history approach to explore attitudes towards ACP among older, first-generation Dutch-Australian and Italian-Australian migrants. Thirty people participated in extended ethnographic interviews (N = 17) and group discussions (N = 13) during 2012. Transcripts were thematically analyzed and interpreted using a Foucauldian perspective on knowledge and power. Migration experiences, ongoing contact with the native country and participation in migrant community support networks influenced attitudes towards ACP. Dutch participants framed ACP discussions with reference to euthanasia, and adopted a more individualist approach to medical decision-making. Italian participants often spoke of familial roles and emphasized a family-based decision making style. The importance of migrant identity has been neglected in previous discussions of cultural factors influencing ACP uptake among ethnic minority groups. The unique migration experience should be considered alongside culturally appropriate approaches to decision-making, in order to ensure equitable access to ACP among migrant groups. PMID:24560228

  4. Improved video copy detection algorithm based on multi-scale Harris feature points

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hou, Yan Yan

    2015-03-01

    In order to meet the real-time requirement of video copy detection, a robust video copy detection algorithm is proposed. Harris feature points is extracted based on local feature descriptor, video frames are divided into blocks and video fingerprints are generated by calculating video feature point amplitude and angle differences. The matching result graph is formed based on video matching frames, copy video is detection by searching the longest path of the graph. Compared with other video detection algorithm, proposed algorithm is with good robustness and discrimination accuracy, experiment proved that detection speed is improved further.

  5. Parachute Aerodynamics From Video Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schoenenberger, Mark; Queen, Eric M.; Cruz, Juan R.

    2005-01-01

    A new data analysis technique for the identification of static and dynamic aerodynamic stability coefficients from wind tunnel test video data is presented. This new technique was applied to video data obtained during a parachute wind tunnel test program conducted in support of the Mars Exploration Rover Mission. Total angle-of-attack data obtained from video images were used to determine the static pitching moment curve of the parachute. During the original wind tunnel test program the static pitching moment curve had been determined by forcing the parachute to a specific total angle-of -attack and measuring the forces generated. It is shown with the new technique that this parachute, when free to rotate, trims at an angle-of-attack two degrees lower than was measured during the forced-angle tests. An attempt was also made to extract pitch damping information from the video data. Results suggest that the parachute is dynamically unstable at the static trim point and tends to become dynamically stable away from the trim point. These trends are in agreement with limit-cycle-like behavior observed in the video. However, the chaotic motion of the parachute produced results with large uncertainty bands.

  6. Real-time video analysis for retail stores

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hassan, Ehtesham; Maurya, Avinash K.

    2015-03-01

    With the advancement in video processing technologies, we can capture subtle human responses in a retail store environment which play decisive role in the store management. In this paper, we present a novel surveillance video based analytic system for retail stores targeting localized and global traffic estimate. Development of an intelligent system for human traffic estimation in real-life poses a challenging problem because of the variation and noise involved. In this direction, we begin with a novel human tracking system by an intelligent combination of motion based and image level object detection. We demonstrate the initial evaluation of this approach on available standard dataset yielding promising result. Exact traffic estimate in a retail store require correct separation of customers from service providers. We present a role based human classification framework using Gaussian mixture model for this task. A novel feature descriptor named graded colour histogram is defined for object representation. Using, our role based human classification and tracking system, we have defined a novel computationally efficient framework for two types of analytics generation i.e., region specific people count and dwell-time estimation. This system has been extensively evaluated and tested on four hours of real-life video captured from a retail store.

  7. Design of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant Graphite Creep Experiments for Irradiation in the Advanced Test Reactor

    SciTech Connect

    S. Blaine Grover

    2009-05-01

    The United States Department of Energy’s Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Program will be irradiating six gas reactor graphite creep experiments in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) located at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The ATR has a long history of irradiation testing in support of reactor development and the INL has been designated as the new United States Department of Energy’s lead laboratory for nuclear energy development. The ATR is one of the world’s premiere test reactors for performing long term, high flux, and/or large volume irradiation test programs. These graphite irradiations are being accomplished to support development of the next generation reactors in the United States. The graphite experiments will be irradiated over the next six to eight years to support development of a graphite irradiation performance data base on the new nuclear grade graphites now available for use in high temperature gas reactors. The goals of the irradiation experiments are to obtain irradiation performance data at different temperatures and loading conditions to support design of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant Very High Temperature Gas Reactor, as well as other future gas reactors. The experiments will each consist of a single capsule that will contain seven separate stacks of graphite specimens. Six of the specimen stacks will have half of their graphite specimens under a compressive load, while the other half of the specimens will not be subjected to a compressive load during irradiation. The six stacks will be organized into pairs with a different compressive load being applied to the top half of each pair of specimen stacks. The seventh stack will not have a compressive load on the graphite specimens during irradiation. The specimens will be irradiated in an inert sweep gas atmosphere with on-line temperature and compressive load monitoring and control. There will also be the capability of sampling the sweep gas effluent to determine if any oxidation or off-gassing of the specimens occurs during initial start-up of the experiment. The final design phase for the first experiment was completed in September 2008, and the fabrication and assembly of the experiment test train as well as installation and testing of the control and support systems that will monitor and control the experiment during irradiation are being completed in early calendar 2009. The first experiment is scheduled to be ready for insertion in the ATR by April 30, 2009. This paper will discuss the design of the experiment including the test train and the temperature and compressive load monitoring, control, and data collection systems.

  8. Design of a Composite Video Signal for DVD Recorder Measurement System Based on Virtual Instrument Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wang Xiaotao; Liu Hongbo; Wang Jizhou; Xu Zhixiang

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, a new source video signal is designed for online DVD evaluation and then its composite video signal waveform is produced through a video waveform generator board PXI-5431. The composite video field, no matter NTSC or PAL system it is, includes both visible image and invisible lines. The visible image has been set to different patterns, and the

  9. Science Sampler: Commercial video games in the science classroom

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lauren Angelone

    2010-02-01

    There’s no denying that middle school students are interested in video games. With such motivation present, we as teachers should harness this media in a productive way in our classrooms. Students today are much more technologically advanced than ever before, and using video games is one more way to use something from their world as a teaching tool. This article presents a list of potential video games for use in the middle school science classroom... [view full summary

  10. Real-time video streaming using H.264 scalable video coding (SVC) in multihomed mobile networks: a testbed approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nightingale, James; Wang, Qi; Grecos, Christos

    2011-03-01

    Users of the next generation wireless paradigm known as multihomed mobile networks expect satisfactory quality of service (QoS) when accessing streamed multimedia content. The recent H.264 Scalable Video Coding (SVC) extension to the Advanced Video Coding standard (AVC), offers the facility to adapt real-time video streams in response to the dynamic conditions of multiple network paths encountered in multihomed wireless mobile networks. Nevertheless, preexisting streaming algorithms were mainly proposed for AVC delivery over multipath wired networks and were evaluated by software simulation. This paper introduces a practical, hardware-based testbed upon which we implement and evaluate real-time H.264 SVC streaming algorithms in a realistic multihomed wireless mobile networks environment. We propose an optimised streaming algorithm with multi-fold technical contributions. Firstly, we extended the AVC packet prioritisation schemes to reflect the three-dimensional granularity of SVC. Secondly, we designed a mechanism for evaluating the effects of different streamer 'read ahead window' sizes on real-time performance. Thirdly, we took account of the previously unconsidered path switching and mobile networks tunnelling overheads encountered in real-world deployments. Finally, we implemented a path condition monitoring and reporting scheme to facilitate the intelligent path switching. The proposed system has been experimentally shown to offer a significant improvement in PSNR of the received stream compared with representative existing algorithms.

  11. Online smoothing of live, variable-bit-rate video

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Rexford; S. Sen; J. Dey; W. Feng; J. Kurose; J. Stankovic; D. Towsley

    1997-01-01

    Bandwidth smoothing techniques are effective at reducing the burstiness of a compressed, pre-recorded video stream by prefetching frames into the client playback buffer in advance of each burst. In contrast to stored video, live applications typically have limited knowledge of frame sizes and often require bounds on the delay between the source and the client(s). This paper addresses bandwidth smoothing

  12. Facial expression recognition from video sequences: temporal and static modeling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ira Cohen; Nicu Sebe; Ashutosh Garg; Lawrence S. Chen; Thomas S. Huang

    2003-01-01

    The most expressive way humans display emotions is through facial expressions. In this work we report on several advances we have made in building a system for classification of facial expressions from continuous video input. We introduce and test different Bayesian network classifiers for classifying expressions from video, focus- ing on changes in distribution assumptions and feature dependency structures. In

  13. Classification of Abnormal Activities in Video Justin Muncaster

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Classification of Abnormal Activities in Video Justin Muncaster UCSB Computer Science Department, security, and surveillance there is a strong push for advances in our ability to recognize both normal networks, deterministic annealing. 1. INTRODUCTION Activity recognition in video analytics has developed

  14. Video game device haptic interface for robotic arc welding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Corrie I. Nichol; Milos Manic

    2009-01-01

    Recent advances in technology for video games have made a broad array of haptic feedback devices available at low cost. This paper presents a bi-manual haptic system to enable an operator to weld remotely using a commercially available haptic feedback video game device for the user interface. The system showed good performance in initial tests, demonstrating the utility of low

  15. "El Inspector": Squeezing a Video for All It's Worth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garfinkel, Alan

    1992-01-01

    Suggestions are offered for involving advanced Spanish-language students more directly in watching and making later use of videotapes. Steps include preparing students to watch the videos, writing a survey on the video topic, and creating a computerized class newsletter. (LB)

  16. Inland Treatment of the Brine Generated from Reverse Osmosis Advanced Membrane Wastewater Treatment Plant Using Epuvalisation System

    PubMed Central

    Qurie, Mohannad; Abbadi, Jehad; Scrano, Laura; Mecca, Gennaro; Bufo, Sabino A.; Khamis, Mustafa; Karaman, Rafik

    2013-01-01

    The reverse osmosis (RO) brine generated from the Al-Quds University wastewater treatment plant was treated using an epuvalisation system. The advanced integrated wastewater treatment plant included an activated sludge unit, two consecutive ultrafiltration (UF) membrane filters (20 kD and 100 kD cutoffs) followed by an activated carbon filter and a reverse osmosis membrane. The epuvalisation system consisted of salt tolerant plants grown in hydroponic channels under continuous water flowing in a closed loop system, and placed in a greenhouse at Al-Quds University. Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) plants were selected, and underwent two consecutive hydroponic flowing stages using different brine-concentrations: an adaptation stage, in which a 1:1 mixture of brine and fresh water was used; followed by a functioning stage, with 100% brine. A control treatment using fresh water was included as well. The experiment started in April and ended in June (2012). At the end of the experiment, analysis of the effluent brine showed a remarkable decrease of electroconductivity (EC), PO43?, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and K+ with a reduction of 60%, 74%, 70%, and 60%, respectively, as compared to the influent. The effluent of the control treatment showed 50%, 63%, 46%, and 90% reduction for the same parameters as compared to the influent. Plant growth parameters (plant height, fresh and dry weight) showed no significant difference between fresh water and brine treatments. Obtained results suggest that the epuvalisation system is a promising technique for inland brine treatment with added benefits. The increasing of channel number or closed loop time is estimated for enhancing the treatment process and increasing the nutrient uptake. Nevertheless, the epuvalisation technique is considered to be simple, efficient and low cost for inland RO brine treatment. PMID:23823802

  17. Video Google: Efficient Visual Search of Videos

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Josef Sivic; Andrew Zisserman

    2006-01-01

    We describe an approach to object retrieval which searches for and localizes all the occurrences of an object in a video, given a query image of the object. The object is represented by a set of viewpoint invariant region descriptors so that recognition can proceed successfully despite changes in viewpoint, illumination and partial occlusion. The temporal continuity of the video

  18. Performance evaluation of video on ethernet

    SciTech Connect

    Pihlman, M.; Farrell, R.

    1993-08-01

    The purpose of this project was to determine the feasibility of using an ethernet local area network (LAN) to support videoconferencing connections between CAMEO Macintosh desktop videoconferencing systems. The specific goals were to: (1) to ensure that CAMEO video could be transported-without protocol modification-via existing ethernet networks, and would do so without ``bringing-down`` the network; (2) to measure the effect of CAMEO video connections on ethernet traffic; (3) to evaluate qualitatively how generated ethernet traffic effects the CAMEO video; and (4) to evaluate qualitatively how multiple CAMEO connections work between two routered ethernet networks via a backbone. High quality CAMEO video can be transported on an ethernet network and between routered networks, via a backbone. The number of simultaneous video connections possible on an ethernet segment would probably be less than 45, since each connection uses 2.2% of the network and errors increase rapidly as video connections are made. However, the actual number of simultaneous video connections possible will depend upon your network implementation and the amount of ``normal`` traffic present. The remainder of this report discusses the effect of CAMEO video on our networks.

  19. Bioenergy: Educational Videos

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Ohio State University provides this page of educational videos related to bioenergy. Four videos are included demonstrating an anaerobic digestion experiment, showing algae research to reduce carbon emissions, using methane to produce energy, and creating fuel from landfills.

  20. Video Relay Services

    MedlinePLUS

    ... users through video equipment, rather than through typed text. Video equipment links the VRS user with a ... CA flows much more quickly than with a text-based TRS call, VRS has become an enormously ...

  1. Video Surveillance Unit

    SciTech Connect

    Martinez, R.L.; Johnson, C.S.

    1990-01-01

    The Video Surveillance Unit (VSU) has been designed to provide a flexible, easy to operate video surveillance and recording capability for permanent rack-mounted installations. The system consists of a single rack-mountable chassis and a camera enclosure. The chassis contains two 8 mm video recorders, a color monitor, system controller board, a video authentication verifier module (VAVM) and a universal power supply. A separate camera housing contains a solid state camera and a video authentication processor module (VAPM). Through changes in the firmware in the system, the recorders can be commanded to record at the same time, on alternate time cycle, or sequentially. Each recorder is capable of storing up to 26,000 scenes consisting of 6 to 8 video frames. The firmware can be changed to provide fewer recording with more frames per scene. The modular video authentication system provides verification of the integrity of the video transmission line between the camera and the recording chassis. 5 figs.

  2. Video face replacement

    E-print Network

    Dale, Kevin

    We present a method for replacing facial performances in video. Our approach accounts for differences in identity, visual appearance, speech, and timing between source and target videos. Unlike prior work, it does not ...

  3. Video annotation tools

    E-print Network

    Chaudhary, Ahmed

    2008-10-10

    general purpose annotation toolkits that can be used to create domain specific applications. A video annotation toolkit along with toolkits for searching, retrieving, analyzing and presenting videos can help achieve the broader goal of creating integrated...

  4. Video Event Detection Framework on Large-Scale Video Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Dong-Jun

    2011-01-01

    Detection of events and actions in video entails substantial processing of very large, even open-ended, video streams. Video data present a unique challenge for the information retrieval community because properly representing video events is challenging. We propose a novel approach to analyze temporal aspects of video data. We consider video data…

  5. VideoSense: towards effective online video advertising

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tao Mei; Xian-sheng Hua; Linjun Yang; Shipeng Li

    2007-01-01

    With Internet delivery of video content surging to an un- precedented level, online video advertising is becoming in- creasingly pervasive. In this paper, we present a novel ad- vertising system for online video service called VideoSense, which automatically associates the most relevant video ads with online videos and seamlessly inserts the ads at the most appropriate positions within each individual

  6. Informedia Digital Video Library

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael G. Christel; Takeo Kanade; M. Mauldin; Raj Reddy; Marvin A. Sirbu; Scott M. Stevens; Howard D. Wactlar

    1995-01-01

    The Informedia Digital Video Library Project is developing new technologies for creating full-content search and retrieval digital video libraries. Working in collaboration with WQED Pittsburgh, the project is creating a testbed that will enable K-12 students to access, explore, and retrieve science and mathematics materials from the digital video library. The library will initially contain 1,000 hours of video from

  7. Video Self-Modeling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buggey, Tom; Ogle, Lindsey

    2012-01-01

    Video self-modeling (VSM) first appeared on the psychology and education stage in the early 1970s. The practical applications of VSM were limited by lack of access to tools for editing video, which is necessary for almost all self-modeling videos. Thus, VSM remained in the research domain until the advent of camcorders and VCR/DVD players and,…

  8. Browsing digital video

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francis C. Li; Anoop Gupta; Elizabeth Sanocki; Li-wei He; Yong Rui

    2000-01-01

    Video in digital format coupled with digital\\/programmable playback devices presents opportunities for significantly enhancing the user's viewing experience. For example, time compression can shorten the viewing length of a video and shot boundary frames can provide a visual index into the content. Such features have primarily been evaluated in isolation with a narrow set of video content types. We investigated

  9. Video Cartridges and Cassettes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kletter, Richard C.; Hudson, Heather

    The economic and social significance of video cassettes (viewer-controlled playback system) is explored in this report. The potential effect of video cassettes on industrial training, education, libraries, and television is analyzed in conjunction with the anticipated hardware developments. The entire video cassette industry is reviewed firm by…

  10. Secure video communications system

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Robert L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1991-01-01

    A secure video communications system having at least one command network formed by a combination of subsystems. The combination of subsystems to include a video subsystem, an audio subsystem, a communications subsystem, and a control subsystem. The video communications system to be window driven and mouse operated, and having the ability to allow for secure point-to-point real-time teleconferencing.

  11. Video-Level Monitor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gregory, Ray W.

    1993-01-01

    Video-level monitor developed to provide full-scene monitoring of video and indicates level of brightest portion. Circuit designed nonspecific and can be inserted in any closed-circuit camera system utilizing RS170 or RS330 synchronization and standard CCTV video levels. System made of readily available, off-the-shelf components. Several units are in service.

  12. Video Gallery: Shark Dissection

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This video gallery is from the Museum's Seminars on Science, a series of distance-learning courses designed to help educators meet the new national science standards. There are 16 videos each covering dissection of a different part of the dogfish shark. There is a downloadable pdf for each video.

  13. Video for Instructors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munroe, L. Duncan; Price, J.

    This manual introduces basic video production techniques for use by instructors in developing videos for classroom presentations and for "make-up" classes. The topics covered include script writing, camera movements, lighting, sound, location vs. studio production, working with talent, video editing, and the design of the overall production.…

  14. Guitarbuilding Fabrication Video Series

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This page from the Guitarbuilding project provides a number of very interesting videos on the design and manufacturing of guitars. Videos cover topics like performing basic wood repairs on guitars, soldering and wiring techniques, gluing fretboards to guitar necks and assembling the pickups to the pickup rings. The videos vary in length, and Flash is required to view them.

  15. The Children's Video Marketplace.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ducey, Richard V.

    This report examines a growing submarket, the children's video marketplace, which comprises broadcast, cable, and video programming for children 2 to 11 years old. A description of the tremendous growth in the availability and distribution of children's programming is presented, the economics of the children's video marketplace are briefly…

  16. Video abstraction: A systematic review and classification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ba Tu Truong; Svetha Venkatesh

    2007-01-01

    The demand for various multimedia applications is rapidly increasing due to the recent advance in the computing and network infrastructure, together with the widespread use of digital video technology. Among the key elements for the success of these applications is how to effectively and efficiently manage and store a huge amount of audio visual information, while at the same time

  17. Advanced properties of extended laser-produced plasmas for efficient generation of the high-order harmonics of ultrashort laser pulses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ganeev, R. A.

    2015-04-01

    The review of the studies showing the advanced properties of extended plasma plumes (5 mm) for efficient high-order harmonic generation of laser radiation compared with the short lengths of plasmas (~0.3-0.5 mm) used in previous studies is presented. The harmonic conversion efficiency quadratically increased with the growth of plasma length at the optimal conditions of plasma formation. The studies of this process using the long plasma jets produced on various metal surfaces, particularly including the resonance-enhanced harmonic generation, two-color pump, and extended nanoparticle plasma, are discussed.

  18. Solving next generation (1x node) metrology challenges using advanced CDSEM capabilities: tilt, high energy and backscatter imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xiaoxiao; Snow, Patrick W.; Vaid, Alok; Solecky, Eric; Zhou, Hua; Ge, Zhenhua; Yasharzade, Shay; Shoval, Ori; Adan, Ofer; Schwarzband, Ishai; Bar-Zvi, Maayan

    2015-03-01

    Traditional metrology solutions are facing a range of challenges at the 1X node such as three dimensional (3D) measurement capabilities, shrinking overlay and critical dimension (CD) error budgets driven by multi-patterning and via in trench CD measurements. Hybrid metrology offers promising new capabilities to address some of these challenges but it will take some time before fully realized. This paper explores new capabilities currently offered on the in-line Critical Dimension Scanning Electron Microscope (CD-SEM) to address these challenges and enable the CD-SEM to move beyond measuring bottom CD using top down imaging. Device performance is strongly correlated with Fin geometry causing an urgent need for 3D measurements. New beam tilting capabilities enhance the ability to make 3D measurements in the front-end-of-line (FEOL) of the metal gate FinFET process in manufacturing. We explore these new capabilities for measuring Fin height and build upon the work communicated last year at SPIE1. Furthermore, we extend the application of the tilt beam to the back-end-of-line (BEOL) trench depth measurement and demonstrate its capability in production targeting replacement of the existing Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) measurements by including the height measurement in the existing CDSEM recipe to reduce fab cycle time. In the BEOL, another increasingly challenging measurement for the traditional CD-SEM is the bottom CD of the self-aligned via (SAV) in a trench first via last (TFVL) process. Due to the extremely high aspect ratio of the structure secondary electron (SE) collection from the via bottom is significantly reduced requiring the use of backscatter electrons (BSE) to increase the relevant image quality. Even with this solution, the resulting images are difficult to measure with advanced technology nodes. We explore new methods to increase measurement robustness and combine this with novel segmentation-based measurement algorithm generated specifically for BSE images. The results will be contrasted with data from previously used methods to quantify the improvement. We also compare the results to electrical test data to evaluate and quantify the measurement performance improvements. Lastly, according to International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) from 2013, the overlay 3 sigma requirement will be 3.3 nm in 2015 and 2.9 nm in 2016. Advanced lithography requires overlay measurement in die on features resembling the device geometry. However, current optical overlay measurement is performed in the scribe line on large targets due to optical diffraction limit. In some cases, this limits the usefulness of the measurement since it does not represent the true behavior of the device. We explore using high voltage imaging to help address this urgent need. Novel CD-SEM based overlay targets that optimize the restrictions of process geometry and SEM technique were designed and spread out across the die. Measurements are done on these new targets both after photolithography and etch. Correlation is drawn between the two measurements. These results will also be compared to conventional optical overlay measurement approaches and we will discuss the possibility of using this capability in high volume manufacturing.

  19. Assurance Technology Challenges of Advanced Space Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chern, E. James

    2004-01-01

    The initiative to explore space and extend a human presence across our solar system to revisit the moon and Mars post enormous technological challenges to the nation's space agency and aerospace industry. Key areas of technology development needs to enable the endeavor include advanced materials, structures and mechanisms; micro/nano sensors and detectors; power generation, storage and management; advanced thermal and cryogenic control; guidance, navigation and control; command and data handling; advanced propulsion; advanced communication; on-board processing; advanced information technology systems; modular and reconfigurable systems; precision formation flying; solar sails; distributed observing systems; space robotics; and etc. Quality assurance concerns such as functional performance, structural integrity, radiation tolerance, health monitoring, diagnosis, maintenance, calibration, and initialization can affect the performance of systems and subsystems. It is thus imperative to employ innovative nondestructive evaluation methodologies to ensure quality and integrity of advanced space systems. Advancements in integrated multi-functional sensor systems, autonomous inspection approaches, distributed embedded sensors, roaming inspectors, and shape adaptive sensors are sought. Concepts in computational models for signal processing and data interpretation to establish quantitative characterization and event determination are also of interest. Prospective evaluation technologies include ultrasonics, laser ultrasonics, optics and fiber optics, shearography, video optics and metrology, thermography, electromagnetics, acoustic emission, x-ray, data management, biomimetics, and nano-scale sensing approaches for structural health monitoring.

  20. Validation Specialist Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Northeast Biomanufacturing Center and Collaborative (NBC2) has created a series of videos in which technicians describe their job and the preparation they received for it. These videos are great tools for other manufacturing programs to educate current students on options available to them after they graduate and the skills or courses they found most applicable to their real world experience. In this particular video, Validation Specialist Dennis Woodby discusses his background, education, job search, and the skills he has found to be useful in job hunting. This video is 4:18 long, is in Windows Media Video (wmv) format, and can be played with Quicktime or Windows Media Player.

  1. Female Validation Specialist Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Northeast Biomanufacturing Center and Collaborative (NBC2) has created a series of videos in which technicians describe their job and the preparation they received for it. These videos are great tools for other manufacturing programs to educate current students on options available to them after they graduate and the skills or courses they found most applicable to their real world experience. In this particular video, Validation Specialist Victoria Kelley discusses her education, her job search, and the experiences of her current position, including the travel involved. This video is 6:43 long, is in Windows Media Video (wmv) format, and can be played with Quicktime or Windows Media Player.

  2. Video Search Engine

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    Virage and AltaVista have combined to launch the first video search engine available on the Web. Using new technology that watches, listens, and reads videos, the Virage Video Cataloger automatically extracts relevant information to create searchable indexes in real-time. This breakthrough technology has been adapted for the Internet, allowing users to search video files by keyword and view selected segments. The experimental Web version of this technology, available at AltaVista, currently features four hours of President Clinton's video testimony to a grand jury last month.

  3. Trends in Global Demonstrations of Carbon Management Technologies to Advance Coal- Based Power Generation With Carbon Capture and Storage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cohen, K. K.; Plasynski, S.; Feeley, T. J.

    2008-05-01

    Atmospheric CO2 concentrations increased an estimated 35% since preindustrial levels two centuries ago, reportedly due to the burning of fossil fuels combined with increased deforestation. In the U.S., energy-related activities account for 75% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, with more than 50% from large stationary sources such as power plants and about one-third from transportation. Mitigation technologies for CO2 atmospheric stabilization based on energy and economic scenarios include coal-based power plant- carbon capture and storage (CCS), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is assessing CCS operations and supporting technologies at U.S. locations and opportunities abroad reported here. The Algerian In Salah Joint Industry Project injecting 1 million tons CO2 (MtCO2)/year into a gas field sandstone, and the Canadian Weyburn-Midale CO2 Monitoring and Storage Project injecting over 1.8 MtCO2/year into carbonate oil reservoirs are ongoing industrial-scale storage operations DOE participates in. DOE also supports mid-scale CCS demonstrations at the Australian Otway Project and CO2SINK in Germany. Enhanced oil recovery operations conducted for decades in west Texas and elsewhere have provided the industrial experience to build on, and early pilots such as Frio-I Texas in 2004 have spearheaded technology deployment. While injecting 1,600 tons of CO2 into a saline sandstone at Frio, time-lapse borehole and surface seismic detected P-wave velocity decreases and reflection amplitude changes resulting from the replacement of brine with CO2 in the reservoir. Just two of many cutting-edge technologies tested at Frio, these and others are now deployed by U.S. researchers with international teams to evaluate reservoir injectivity, capacity, and integrity, as well as to assess CO2 spatial distribution, trapping, and unlikely leakage. Time-lapse Vertical Seismic Profiling at Otway and microseismic at In Salah and Otway, monitor injection and reservoir conditions with geophysics. Borehole-based technologies include a novel geochemical two-phase reservoir sampler deployed at Otway, and thermal-based measurements at CO2SINK for coupled hydrologic-geochemical reservoir analyses. Seismic, geomechanical, hydrologic, geochemical, and core studies are used in a multidisciplinary approach to assess CO2 trapping and reservoir integrity at In Salah. With estimated lifetime storage of 17 MtCO2 at In Salah, this and other CCS demonstrations provide opportunities to gain commercial experience for advancing coal-based power generation-CCS for carbon management.

  4. Video Fingerprinting: Features for Duplicate and Similar Video Detection and Query-based Video Retrieval

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Video Fingerprinting: Features for Duplicate and Similar Video Detection and Query-based Video and Computer Engineering University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 ABSTRACT A video "fingerprint" is a feature extracted from the video that should represent the video compactly, allowing faster search without

  5. User-oriented summary extraction for soccer video based on multimodal analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Huayong; Jiang, Shanshan; He, Tingting

    2011-11-01

    An advanced user-oriented summary extraction method for soccer video is proposed in this work. Firstly, an algorithm of user-oriented summary extraction for soccer video is introduced. A novel approach that integrates multimodal analysis, such as extraction and analysis of the stadium features, moving object features, audio features and text features is introduced. By these features the semantic of the soccer video and the highlight mode are obtained. Then we can find the highlight position and put them together by highlight degrees to obtain the video summary. The experimental results for sports video of world cup soccer games indicate that multimodal analysis is effective for soccer video browsing and retrieval.

  6. Video Texture Synthesis Based on Flow-Like Stylization Painting

    PubMed Central

    Wenhua, Qian; Dan, Xu; Kun, Yue; Zheng, Guan

    2014-01-01

    The paper presents an NP-video rendering system based on natural phenomena. It provides a simple nonphotorealistic video synthesis system in which user can obtain a flow-like stylization painting and infinite video scene. Firstly, based on anisotropic Kuwahara filtering in conjunction with line integral convolution, the phenomena video scene can be rendered to flow-like stylization painting. Secondly, the methods of frame division, patches synthesis, will be used to synthesize infinite playing video. According to selection examples from different natural video texture, our system can generate stylized of flow-like and infinite video scenes. The visual discontinuities between neighbor frames are decreased, and we also preserve feature and details of frames. This rendering system is easy and simple to implement. PMID:25133253

  7. VLSI-based Video Event Triggering for Image Data Compression

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Williams, Glenn L.

    1994-01-01

    Long-duration, on-orbit microgravity experiments require a combination of high resolution and high frame rate video data acquisition. The digitized high-rate video stream presents a difficult data storage problem. Data produced at rates of several hundred million bytes per second may require a total mission video data storage requirement exceeding one terabyte. A NASA-designed, VLSI-based, highly parallel digital state machine generates a digital trigger signal at the onset of a video event. High capacity random access memory storage coupled with newly available fuzzy logic devices permits the monitoring of a video image stream for long term (DC-like) or short term (AC-like) changes caused by spatial translation, dilation, appearance, disappearance, or color change in a video object. Pre-trigger and post-trigger storage techniques are then adaptable to archiving only the significant video images.

  8. Video motion detection for physical security applications

    SciTech Connect

    Matter, J.C.

    1990-01-01

    Physical security specialists have been attracted to the concept of video motion detection for several years. Claimed potential advantages included additional benefit from existing video surveillance systems, automatic detection, improved performance compared to human observers, and cost effectiveness. In recent years significant advances in image processing dedicated hardware and image analysis algorithms and software have accelerated the successful application of video motion detection systems to a variety of physical security applications. Currently Sandia is developing several advanced systems that employ image processing techniques for a broader set of safeguards and security applications. TCATS (Target Cueing and Tracking System) uses a set of powerful, flexible, modular algorithms and software to alarm on purposeful target motion. Custom TCATS hardware optimized for perimeter security applications is currently being evaluated with video input. VISDTA (Video Imaging System for Detection, Tracking, and Assessment) uses some of the same TCATS algorithms and operates with a thermal imager input. In the scan mode, VISDTA detects changes in a scene from the previous image at a given scan point; in the stare mode, VISDTA detects purposeful motion similar to TCATS.

  9. Video motion detection for physical security applications

    SciTech Connect

    Matter, J.C. (Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

    1990-01-01

    Physical security specialists have been attracted to the concept of video motion detection for several years. Claimed potential advantages included additional benefit from existing video surveillance systems, automatic detection, improved performance compared to human observers, and cost-effectiveness. In recent years, significant advances in image-processing dedicated hardware and image analysis algorithms and software have accelerated the successful application of video motion detection systems to a variety of physical security applications. Early video motion detectors (VMDs) were useful for interior applications of volumetric sensing. Success depended on having a relatively well-controlled environment. Attempts to use these systems outdoors frequently resulted in an unacceptable number of nuisance alarms. Currently, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is developing several advanced systems that employ image-processing techniques for a broader set of safeguards and security applications. The Target Cueing and Tracking System (TCATS), the Video Imaging System for Detection, Tracking, and Assessment (VISDTA), the Linear Infrared Scanning Array (LISA); the Mobile Intrusion Detection and Assessment System (MIDAS), and the Visual Artificially Intelligent Surveillance (VAIS) systems are described briefly.

  10. Enhanced video viewing from metadata

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janevski, Angel; McGee, Thomas; Agnihotri, Lalitha; Dimitrova, Nevenka

    2001-11-01

    Current advanced television concepts envision data broadcasting along with the video stream, which is used by interactive applications at the client end. In this case, these applications do not proactively personalize the experience and may not allow user requests for additional information. We propose content enhancement using automatic retrieval of additional information based on video content and user interests. Our paper describes Video Retriever Genie, a system that enhances content with additional information based on metadata that provides semantics for the content. The system is based on a digital TV (Philips TriMedia) platform. We enhance content through user queries that define information extraction tasks that retrieve information from the Web. We present several examples of content enhancement such as additional movie character/actor information, financial information and weather alerts. Our system builds a bridge between the traditional TV viewing and the domain of personal computing and Internet. The boundaries between these domains are dissolving and this system demonstrates one effective approach for content enhancement. In addition, we illustrate our discussion with examples from two existing standards - MPEG-7 and TV-Anytime.

  11. An Immersive Free-Viewpoint Video System Using Multiple Outer\\/Inner Cameras

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hansung Kim; Itaru Kitahara; Ryuuki Sakamoto; Kiyoshi Kogure

    2006-01-01

    We propose a new free-view video system that generates immersive 3D video from arbitrary point of view, using outer cameras and an inner omni-directional camera. The system reconstructs 3D modes from the captured video streams and generates realistic free-view video of those objects from a virtual camera. In this paper, we propose a real-time omni-directional camera calibration method, and describe

  12. Progress in video immersion using Panospheric imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bogner, Stephen L.; Southwell, David T.; Penzes, Steven G.; Brosinsky, Chris A.; Anderson, Ron; Hanna, Doug M.

    1998-09-01

    Having demonstrated significant technical and marketplace advantages over other modalities for video immersion, PanosphericTM Imaging (PI) continues to evolve rapidly. This paper reports on progress achieved since AeroSense 97. The first practical field deployment of the technology occurred in June-August 1997 during the NASA-CMU 'Atacama Desert Trek' activity, where the Nomad mobile robot was teleoperated via immersive PanosphericTM imagery from a distance of several thousand kilometers. Research using teleoperated vehicles at DRES has also verified the exceptional utility of the PI technology for achieving high levels of situational awareness, operator confidence, and mission effectiveness. Important performance enhancements have been achieved with the completion of the 4th Generation PI DSP-based array processor system. The system is now able to provide dynamic full video-rate generation of spatial and computational transformations, resulting in a programmable and fully interactive immersive video telepresence. A new multi- CCD camera architecture has been created to exploit the bandwidth of this processor, yielding a well-matched PI system with greatly improved resolution. While the initial commercial application for this technology is expected to be video tele- conferencing, it also appears to have excellent potential for application in the 'Immersive Cockpit' concept. Additional progress is reported in the areas of Long Wave Infrared PI Imaging, Stereo PI concepts, PI based Video-Servoing concepts, PI based Video Navigation concepts, and Foveation concepts (to merge localized high-resolution views with immersive views).

  13. A geometric comparison of video camera-captured raster data to vector-parented raster data generated by the X-Y digitizing table

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Swalm, C.; Pelletier, R.; Rickman, D.; Gilmore, K.

    1989-01-01

    The relative accuracy of a georeferenced raster data set captured by the Megavision 1024XM system using the Videk Megaplus CCD cameras is compared to a georeferenced raster data set generated from vector lines manually digitized through the ELAS software package on a Summagraphics X-Y digitizer table. The study also investigates the amount of time necessary to fully complete the rasterization of the two data sets, evaluating individual areas such as time necessary to generate raw data, time necessary to edit raw data, time necessary to georeference raw data, and accuracy of georeferencing against a norm. Preliminary results exhibit a high level of agreement between areas of the vector-parented data and areas of the captured file data where sufficient control points were chosen. Maps of 1:20,000 scale were digitized into raster files of 5 meter resolution per pixel and overall error in RMS was estimated at less than eight meters. Such approaches offer time and labor-saving advantages as well as increasing the efficiency of project scheduling and enabling the digitization of new types of data.

  14. Video Digests: A Browsable, Skimmable Format for Informational Lecture Videos

    E-print Network

    O'Brien, James F.

    Video Digests: A Browsable, Skimmable Format for Informational Lecture Videos Amy Pavel, Colorado- ing current timeline-based video players. Video digests are a new format for informational videos authors create such digests using transcript-based interactions. With our tools, authors can manually

  15. VideoANT: Extending Online Video Annotation beyond Content Delivery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hosack, Bradford

    2010-01-01

    This paper expands the boundaries of video annotation in education by outlining the need for extended interaction in online video use, identifying the challenges faced by existing video annotation tools, and introducing Video-ANT, a tool designed to create text-based annotations integrated within the time line of a video hosted online. Several…

  16. Object-based video abstraction for video surveillance systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Changick Kim; Jenq-neng Hwang

    2002-01-01

    Key frames are the subset of still images which best represent the content of a video sequence in an abstracted manner. In other words, video abstraction transforms an entire video clip to a small number of representative images. In this paper, we present a scheme for object-based video abstraction facilitated by an ef- ficient video-object segmentation (VOS) system. In such

  17. Object Video Streams: A Framework for Preserving Privacy in Video

    E-print Network

    Qureshi, Faisal Z.

    Object Video Streams: A Framework for Preserving Privacy in Video Surveillance Faisal Z. Qureshi Abstract Here we introduce a framework for preserving privacy in video surveil- lance. Raw video footage of the incoming video footage opens up new possibilities to provide visual surveillance of an area without compro

  18. Real Time Video Data Mining for Surveillance Video Streams

    E-print Network

    Lee, Jeongkyu

    Real Time Video Data Mining for Surveillance Video Streams JungHwan Oh, JeongKyu Lee, the developments of complex video surveillance systems [2] and traffic monitoring systems [3] have recently] of the general framework for video data mining to further address the issue such as how to mine video data

  19. A System for On-demand Video Lectures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atsushi Fujii; Yyy Katunobu Itou; Yyy Tetsuya Ishikawa

    Abstract We propose a lecture-on-demand system, which searches lec- ture videos for segments,relevant to user information needs. We utilize the benefits of textbooks and audio\\/video data cor- responding to a single lecture. Our system extracts the au- dio track from a target lecture video, generates a transcrip- tion by large vocabulary continuous speech recognition, and produces,a textual index. Users can

  20. Spatiotemporal video segmentation based on graphical models.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yang; Loe, Kia-Fock; Tan, Tele; Wu, Jian-Kang

    2005-07-01

    This paper proposes a probabilistic framework for spatiotemporal segmentation of video sequences. Motion information, boundary information from intensity segmentation, and spatial connectivity of segmentation are unified in the video segmentation process by means of graphical models. A Bayesian network is presented to model interactions among the motion vector field, the intensity segmentation field, and the video segmentation field. The notion of the Markov random field is used to encourage the formation of continuous regions. Given consecutive frames, the conditional joint probability density of the three fields is maximized in an iterative way. To effectively utilize boundary information from the intensity segmentation, distance transformation is employed in local objective functions. Experimental results show that the method is robust and generates spatiotemporally coherent segmentation results. Moreover, the proposed video segmentation approach can be viewed as the compromise of previous motion based approaches and region merging approaches. PMID:16028557

  1. Oxfam International: Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Oxfam, the British aid organization that banded together with a dozen other organizations in 1995 to form Oxfam International, has a website loaded with resources, one of which is a video library. There are many issues covered, such as climate change, tsunami survivors, AIDS, and many videos include celebrities, including Colin Firth, Scarlett Johansson, Helen Mirren, and Annie Lennox. To increase their reach, many of the videos are also available on Youtube. To view the video in fullscreen, click on the screen icon next to the speaker icon. One of the more heart wrenching videos is the one titled "Our Home After Sidr-Documentary from Oxfam." It is the abridged version of a documentary, but conveys, nonetheless the dire situation of these Bangladesh survivors. Visitors should also not miss short animated video "Face the Music" about climate change, which uses only music and animation to show how climate change hits the poor "first and worst."

  2. Video Toroid Cavity Imager

    DOEpatents

    Gerald, Rex E. II; Sanchez, Jairo; Rathke, Jerome W.

    2004-08-10

    A video toroid cavity imager for in situ measurement of electrochemical properties of an electrolytic material sample includes a cylindrical toroid cavity resonator containing the sample and employs NMR and video imaging for providing high-resolution spectral and visual information of molecular characteristics of the sample on a real-time basis. A large magnetic field is applied to the sample under controlled temperature and pressure conditions to simultaneously provide NMR spectroscopy and video imaging capabilities for investigating electrochemical transformations of materials or the evolution of long-range molecular aggregation during cooling of hydrocarbon melts. The video toroid cavity imager includes a miniature commercial video camera with an adjustable lens, a modified compression coin cell imager with a fiat circular principal detector element, and a sample mounted on a transparent circular glass disk, and provides NMR information as well as a video image of a sample, such as a polymer film, with micrometer resolution.

  3. Automatic Association of Chats and Video Tracks for Activity Learning and Recognition in Aerial Video Surveillance

    PubMed Central

    Hammoud, Riad I.; Sahin, Cem S.; Blasch, Erik P.; Rhodes, Bradley J.; Wang, Tao

    2014-01-01

    We describe two advanced video analysis techniques, including video-indexed by voice annotations (VIVA) and multi-media indexing and explorer (MINER). VIVA utilizes analyst call-outs (ACOs) in the form of chat messages (voice-to-text) to associate labels with video target tracks, to designate spatial-temporal activity boundaries and to augment video tracking in challenging scenarios. Challenging scenarios include low-resolution sensors, moving targets and target trajectories obscured by natural and man-made clutter. MINER includes: (1) a fusion of graphical track and text data using probabilistic methods; (2) an activity pattern learning framework to support querying an index of activities of interest (AOIs) and targets of interest (TOIs) by movement type and geolocation; and (3) a user interface to support streaming multi-intelligence data processing. We also present an activity pattern learning framework that uses the multi-source associated data as training to index a large archive of full-motion videos (FMV). VIVA and MINER examples are demonstrated for wide aerial/overhead imagery over common data sets affording an improvement in tracking from video data alone, leading to 84% detection with modest misdetection/false alarm results due to the complexity of the scenario. The novel use of ACOs and chat messages in video tracking paves the way for user interaction, correction and preparation of situation awareness reports. PMID:25340453

  4. Automatic association of chats and video tracks for activity learning and recognition in aerial video surveillance.

    PubMed

    Hammoud, Riad I; Sahin, Cem S; Blasch, Erik P; Rhodes, Bradley J; Wang, Tao

    2014-01-01

    We describe two advanced video analysis techniques, including video-indexed by voice annotations (VIVA) and multi-media indexing and explorer (MINER). VIVA utilizes analyst call-outs (ACOs) in the form of chat messages (voice-to-text) to associate labels with video target tracks, to designate spatial-temporal activity boundaries and to augment video tracking in challenging scenarios. Challenging scenarios include low-resolution sensors, moving targets and target trajectories obscured by natural and man-made clutter. MINER includes: (1) a fusion of graphical track and text data using probabilistic methods; (2) an activity pattern learning framework to support querying an index of activities of interest (AOIs) and targets of interest (TOIs) by movement type and geolocation; and (3) a user interface to support streaming multi-intelligence data processing. We also present an activity pattern learning framework that uses the multi-source associated data as training to index a large archive of full-motion videos (FMV). VIVA and MINER examples are demonstrated for wide aerial/overhead imagery over common data sets affording an improvement in tracking from video data alone, leading to 84% detection with modest misdetection/false alarm results due to the complexity of the scenario. The novel use of ACOs and chat Sensors 2014, 14 19844 messages in video tracking paves the way for user interaction, correction and preparation of situation awareness reports. PMID:25340453

  5. From Video to Photo

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    Ever wonder whether a still shot from a home video could serve as a "picture perfect" photograph worthy of being framed and proudly displayed on the mantle? Wonder no more. A critical imaging code used to enhance video footage taken from spaceborne imaging instruments is now available within a portable photography tool capable of producing an optimized, high-resolution image from multiple video frames.

  6. Informedia digital video library

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Christel; Scott Stevens; Howard Wactlar

    1994-01-01

    is developing new technologies for creating full-content search and retrieval digital video libraries. Working in collaboration with WQED Pittsburgh, the project is creating a test-bed that will enable K-12 students to access, explore, and retrieve science and mathemat-ics materials from the digital video library. The library will initially contain 1,000 hours of video from the archives of project partners: WQED,

  7. For Good Measure Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This short video (2:01) uses an engaging approach to emphasize the importance of tracking and studying precipitation. The video cast explains how the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission will use a constellation of satellites to achieve global coverage, thereby providing scientists with accurate precipitation data from around the world. In addition to the video, the site contains supplemental text which provides background information on the GPM mission.

  8. Video game consoles that employ physical activity as an interaction mode can benefit from using the gamer's

    E-print Network

    Nijholt, Anton

    Abstract Video game consoles that employ physical activity as an interaction mode can benefit from that play the Nintendo Wii Boxing game. Interviews of video gamers revealed that they approach the game generation of video game consoles enables video gamers to employ active body movements as interaction mode

  9. Putting Integrated Systems Health Management Capabilities to Work: Development of an Advanced Caution and Warning System for Next-Generation Crewed Spacecraft Missions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mccann, Robert S.; Spirkovska, Lilly; Smith, Irene

    2013-01-01

    Integrated System Health Management (ISHM) technologies have advanced to the point where they can provide significant automated assistance with real-time fault detection, diagnosis, guided troubleshooting, and failure consequence assessment. To exploit these capabilities in actual operational environments, however, ISHM information must be integrated into operational concepts and associated information displays in ways that enable human operators to process and understand the ISHM system information rapidly and effectively. In this paper, we explore these design issues in the context of an advanced caution and warning system (ACAWS) for next-generation crewed spacecraft missions. User interface concepts for depicting failure diagnoses, failure effects, redundancy loss, "what-if" failure analysis scenarios, and resolution of ambiguity groups are discussed and illustrated.

  10. The Video Guide. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bensinger, Charles

    Intended for both novice and experienced users, this guide is designed to inform and entertain the reader in unravelling the jargon surrounding video equipment and in following carefully delineated procedures for its use. Chapters include "Exploring the Video Universe,""A Grand Tour of Video Technology,""The Video System,""The Video Camera,""The…

  11. Introduction to Video Signal Processing

    E-print Network

    Yang, Shih-Hsuan

    , video on demand, video surveillance, DVD, DV, digital VCR (DVR), ... Limitation: bandwidth TwoIntroduction to Video Signal Processing Shih-Hsuan Yang CSIE Department, NTUT #12;Contents Digital Multimedia Digital Video Human Visual Characteristics Color Spaces Video Compression 2 #12;Digital Multimedia

  12. The Advanced Energy Initiative

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JoAnn Milliken; Fred Joseck; Michael Wang; Elvin Yuzugullu

    2007-01-01

    The President's Advanced Energy Initiative (AEI), launched in 2006, addresses the challenges of energy supply and demand facing our Nation by supporting research and development of advanced technologies for transportation and stationary power generation. The AEI portfolio includes clean coal, nuclear and renewable energy technologies (solar and wind) for stationary power generation and advanced battery technologies, cellulosic ethanol as a

  13. Monolithic solid oxide fuel cell technology advancement for coal-based power generation. Quarterly technical status report, January--March 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-04-14

    The program is conducted by a team consisting of AiResearch Los Angeles Division of Allied-Signal Aerospace Company and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The objective of the program is to advance materials and fabrication methodologies to develop a monolithic solid oxide fuel cell (MSOFC) system capable of meeting performance, life, and cost goals for coal-based power generation. The program focuses on materials research and development, fabrication process development, cell/stack performance testing and characterization, cost and system analysis, and quality development.

  14. Galactic Arms Race: an experiment in evolving video game content

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erin J. Hastings; Kenneth O. Stanley

    2010-01-01

    Galactic Arms Race (GAR) is an indie video game developed by the Evolutionary Complexity Research Group (EPlex) at the University of Central Florida to demonstrate the potential for novel artificial intelligence (AI) technology to impact video games. In particular, the new technology in GAR is an evolutionary algorithm called content-generating neuroevolution of augmenting topologies (cgNEAT), which is designed to evolve

  15. Fiber-optic digital video multiplexing using optical CDMA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert M. Gagliardi; Antonio J. Mendez; Mark R. Dale

    1993-01-01

    The use of laser pulsing in the form of code-division multiple access (CDMA) to multiplex a set of digital video signals over a fiber network is proposed. The laser pulsing is used to generate unique code sequence addresses which identify each source, and the video data are modulated on these sequences. Digital encoding using pulse position modulation (PPM) is proposed,

  16. Long Term Activity Analysis in Surveillance Video Archives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Ming-yu

    2010-01-01

    Surveillance video recording is becoming ubiquitous in daily life for public areas such as supermarkets, banks, and airports. The rate at which surveillance video is being generated has accelerated demand for machine understanding to enable better content-based search capabilities. Analyzing human activity is one of the key tasks to understand and…

  17. DESIGN OF A SCALABLE VIDEO ON DEMAND ARCHITECTURE Philip Machanick

    E-print Network

    Machanick, Philip

    information across multiple users. Unlike other video on demand (VoD) approaches, SAVoD broadcasts a fixed: additional network traffic is only generated by an increase in either the video standard or the number/s per user, 69,000 users are required to justify a new HDTV movie, or 23,000 users for a broadcast

  18. Emotional Video Album: getting emotions into the picture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eva Oliveira; Teresa Chambel

    Emotions are essential to human beings, influencing their health, their cognition and creativity. One of the greatest strengths of video is its power to generate attitudes and emotions as no other medium can, and it is also an excellent tool for displaying affective information (1, 10). Video is becoming more and more pervasive in our lives. Technological developments and the

  19. STEM Careers Phone Video Chat

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    WPSU

    2009-11-10

    This brief video from WPSU compares technologies from yesterday with today. Yesterday a middle school girl phones her mom while today a girl the same age video chats. The video suggests that science will bring us technologies of tomorrow.

  20. Video Image Stabilization and Registration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hathaway, David H. (Inventor); Meyer, Paul J. (Inventor)

    2003-01-01

    A method of stabilizing and registering a video image in multiple video fields of a video sequence provides accurate determination of the image change in magnification, rotation and translation between video fields, so that the video fields may be accurately corrected for these changes in the image in the video sequence. In a described embodiment, a key area of a key video field is selected which contains an image which it is desired to stabilize in a video sequence. The key area is subdivided into nested pixel blocks and the translation of each of the pixel blocks from the key video field to a new video field is determined as a precursor to determining change in magnification, rotation and translation of the image from the key video field to the new video field.

  1. Video Image Stabilization and Registration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hathaway, David H. (Inventor); Meyer, Paul J. (Inventor)

    2002-01-01

    A method of stabilizing and registering a video image in multiple video fields of a video sequence provides accurate determination of the image change in magnification, rotation and translation between video fields, so that the video fields may be accurately corrected for these changes in the image in the video sequence. In a described embodiment, a key area of a key video field is selected which contains an image which it is desired to stabilize in a video sequence. The key area is subdivided into nested pixel blocks and the translation of each of the pixel blocks from the key video field to a new video field is determined as a precursor to determining change in magnification, rotation and translation of the image from the key video field to the new video field.

  2. Chapter XXX Generating Hypermedia Documents from

    E-print Network

    Fisher, Kathleen

    Chapter XXX Generating Hypermedia Documents from Transcriptions of Television Programs using captioned video and a transcription. The techniques presented here can produce high quality hypermedia documents of video programs with little or no additional manual effort. 1. INTRODUCTION Today several

  3. Top 5 Videos Forscherlegenden

    E-print Network

    Stryk, Oskar von

    Universität Bonn mit dem Sieg in der "Teen Size"-Liga sowie "B-Human" von der Universität Bremen, die in der: Todestag des King of Pop jährt sich 4. Video: Auto rast unter Lkw-Auflieger 5. Video: Ist Miley zu sexy für

  4. Receiver Video Transistor Amplifiers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. G. Salaman

    1958-01-01

    The development of the transistor has progressed to the point where practical video amplifiers of quality comparable to those of vacuum tubes can be designed. Limitations such as collector-emitter voltage, power, and alpha cut-off frequency continue to pose problems in designing a one stage video amplifier.

  5. Video games in education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kurt Squire

    2003-01-01

    ABSTRACT Computer and video games are a maturing medium,and industry and have caught the attention of scholars across a variety of disciplines. By and large, computer and video games have been ignored by educators. When educators have discussed games, they have focused on the social consequences,of game play, ignoring important educational potentials of gaming. This paper examines the history of

  6. Violence in video games

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen Wolock; Craig A. Anderson

    2004-01-01

    Reviews the longstanding and controversial topic of the effects of video game violence on children. Examines existing research and draws on personal experience and an interview with Doug Lowenstein, President of the Entertainment Software Association, for a view from the video game industry. Reports limitations on the significance of the research: some is short-term, on one type of game only,

  7. Video game induced seizures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C D Ferrie; P De Marco; R A Grünewald; S Giannakodimos; C P Panayiotopoulos

    1994-01-01

    Fifteen patients who experienced epileptic seizures while playing video games are described together with a review of 20 cases in the English literature. Nine of the 15 cases and all but two of the reported cases experienced their first seizure while playing video games. Two thirds of patients had idiopathic generalised epilepsy and mainly reported generalised tonic clonic seizures, but

  8. Video: Infared Spectroscopy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This video, provided by the Royal Society of Chemistry and hosted on YouTube, covers the basic principles of infrared spectroscopy. The material would be very useful in describing the concepts to students for the first time. Running time for the video is 6:32.

  9. Video Feedforward for Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowrick, Peter W.; Kim-Rupnow, Weol Soon; Power, Thomas J.

    2006-01-01

    Video feedforward can create images of positive futures, as has been shown by researchers using self-modeling methods to teach new skills with carefully planned and edited videos that show the future capability of the individual. As a supplement to tutoring provided by community members, we extended these practices to young children struggling to…

  10. Video Outreach Graduate Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rigas, Anthony L.

    The University of Idaho's video outreach graduate program is described. The program is designed to provide continuing education, credit courses, and graduate degree-granting programs anywhere in the state by producing these programs on video cassette and Betamax formats. Presently the Master of Engineering in electrical and Mechanical Engineering…

  11. Video and Language Comprehension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacWilliam, Iain

    1986-01-01

    Looks at the findings from studies in educational broadcasting and communication research for data on the effectiveness of video in second language acquisition and foreign language teaching. This study identifies findings which have a bearing on the comprehensibility of video and the relationship between aural and visual channels. (Author/SED)

  12. Ring Polymers Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This video explains an activity related to ring polymers. The topic is covered in relation to nanotechnology and requires background knowledge in eight grade science. The 1:30 minute video details the materials needed and steps required to complete this lesson. Visitors must complete a quick and free registration to access the materials.

  13. Dawn Mission Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-08-26

    This is a video about NASA's Dawn mission to the asteroids Vesta and Ceres. Learners will follow the mission from paper to launch pad to asteroid belt and beyond. The video features the planning, instrumentation and technological challenges of this unique mission. Leonard Nimoy narrates.

  14. First Video Game

    ScienceCinema

    Peter Takacs

    2010-01-08

    Fifty years ago, before either arcades or home video games, visitors waited in line at Brookhaven National Laboratory to play Tennis for Two, an electronic tennis game that is unquestionably a forerunner of the modern video game. Two people played the ele

  15. First Video Game

    SciTech Connect

    Peter Takacs

    2008-10-21

    Fifty years ago, before either arcades or home video games, visitors waited in line at Brookhaven National Laboratory to play Tennis for Two, an electronic tennis game that is unquestionably a forerunner of the modern video game. Two people played the ele

  16. Video Gallery: Velociraptor

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This gallery of online resources is from the Museum's Seminars on Science, a series of distance-learning courses designed to help educators meet the new national science standards. Video Gallery: Velociraptor is part of the Dinosaurs Among Us: The Link to Birds seminar. This brief video looks at how the dinosaur is closely related to birds and includes a printable PDF transcript.

  17. Diabetes Travel Tips Video

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... here: NDEP Home > Resources > Diabetes Travel Tips Video Diabetes Travel Tips Video Diabetes doesn’t keep David from traveling. But he ... about some of David’s tips for traveling with diabetes. Diabetes Travel Tips Subtitle Diabetes Travel Tips Transcript ...

  18. The Value of Video

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Douglas E.

    2011-01-01

    Video connects sight and sound, creating a composite experience greater than either alone. More than any other single technology, video is the most powerful way to communicate with others--and an ideal medium for sharing with others the vital learning occurring in music classrooms. In this article, the author leads readers through the process of…

  19. Nanotechnology Education Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This video from the Center for Nanotechnology Education and Utilization features the story of a student who went through the Capstone Semester experience at Pennsylvania State University. The clip would serve as a terrific introduction for potential students interested in studying nanotechnology. Running time for the video is 28:35.

  20. Salk Institute: Videos

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-01-01

    The Salk Institute was founded in 1960 by the late Jonas Salk and to this day researchers there investigate cancer, aging, Alzheimer's, diabetes, and infectious diseases. The Institute's media and press relations team is actively involved with publicizing various works and accomplishments, to which end this site allows public access to videos created at the Institute. The videos here are divided into seven sections, including Diabetes and Metabolism, Plant Biology, and AIDS. Each of these sections includes videos that feature researchers and others talking about everything from new insights into cell aging to how the common cold virus might be used to target and disrupt cancer cells. Perhaps the most remarkable section here is titled Institute Videos. This section includes videos on the relationship between art and science, along with profiles of the glassworks of Dale Chihuly that reside at the Institute.

  1. Senior Process Technician Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Northeast Biomanufacturing Center and Collaborative (NBC2) has created a series of videos in which technicians describe their job and the preparation they received for it. These videos are great tools for other manufacturing programs to educate current students on options available to them after they graduate and the skills or courses they found most applicable to their real world experience. In this particular video, Senior Process Technician Jen Plouffe discusses her job, the skills she uses, and advice to manufacturing students looking to enter the same of similar professions. The video is 13:43 long, is in Windows Media Video (wmv) format, and can be played with Quicktime or Windows Media Player.

  2. Latest Highlights from our Direct Measurement Video Collection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vonk, M.; Bohacek, P. H.

    2014-12-01

    Recent advances in technology have made videos much easier to produce, edit, store, transfer, and view. This has spawned an explosion in a production of a wide variety of different types of pedagogical videos. But with the exception of student-made videos (which are often of poor quality) almost all of the educational videos being produced are passive. No matter how compelling the content, students are expected to simply sit and watch them. Because we feel that being engaged and active are necessary components of student learning, we have been working to create a free online library of Direct Measurement Videos (DMV's). These videos are short high-quality videos of real events, shot in a way that allows students to make measurements directly from the video. Instead of handing students a word problem about a car skidding on ice, we actually show them the car skidding on ice. We then ask them to measure the important quantities, make calculations based on those measurements and solve for unknowns. DMV's are more interesting than their word problem equivalents and frequently inspire further questions about the physics of the situation or about the uncertainty of the measurement in ways that word problems almost never do. We feel that it is simply impossible to a video of a roller coaster or a rocket and then argue that word problems are better. In this talk I will highlight some new additions to our DMV collection. This work is supported by NSF TUES award #1245268

  3. Priority-based methods for reducing the impact of packet loss on HEVC encoded video streams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nightingale, James; Wang, Qi; Grecos, Christos

    2013-02-01

    The rapid growth in the use of video streaming over IP networks has outstripped the rate at which new network infrastructure has been deployed. These bandwidth-hungry applications now comprise a significant part of all Internet traffic and present major challenges for network service providers. The situation is more acute in mobile networks where the available bandwidth is often limited. Work towards the standardisation of High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), the next generation video coding scheme, is currently on track for completion in 2013. HEVC offers the prospect of a 50% improvement in compression over the current H.264 Advanced Video Coding standard (H.264/AVC) for the same quality. However, there has been very little published research on HEVC streaming or the challenges of delivering HEVC streams in resource-constrained network environments. In this paper we consider the problem of adapting an HEVC encoded video stream to meet the bandwidth limitation in a mobile networks environment. Video sequences were encoded using the Test Model under Consideration (TMuC HM6) for HEVC. Network abstraction layers (NAL) units were packetized, on a one NAL unit per RTP packet basis, and transmitted over a realistic hybrid wired/wireless testbed configured with dynamically changing network path conditions and multiple independent network paths from the streamer to the client. Two different schemes for the prioritisation of RTP packets, based on the NAL units they contain, have been implemented and empirically compared using a range of video sequences, encoder configurations, bandwidths and network topologies. In the first prioritisation method the importance of an RTP packet was determined by the type of picture and the temporal switching point information carried in the NAL unit header. Packets containing parameter set NAL units and video coding layer (VCL) NAL units of the instantaneous decoder refresh (IDR) and the clean random access (CRA) pictures were given the highest priority followed by NAL units containing pictures used as reference pictures from which others can be predicted. The second method assigned a priority to each NAL unit based on the rate-distortion cost of the VCL coding units contained in the NAL unit. The sum of the rate-distortion costs of each coding unit contained in a NAL unit was used as the priority weighting. The preliminary results of extensive experiments have shown that all three schemes offered an improvement in PSNR, when comparing original and decoded received streams, over uncontrolled packet loss. Using the first method consistently delivered a significant average improvement of 0.97dB over the uncontrolled scenario while the second method provided a measurable, but less consistent, improvement across the range of testing conditions and encoder configurations.

  4. Video Scene Segmentation Via Continuous Video Coherence

    E-print Network

    Kender, John R.

    10027 Santa Clara, CA 95052 September 2, 1998 Abstract In extended video sequences, individual frames and primarily, we derive and demonstrate a method for measuring probable scene boundaries, by calculating and demonstrate a one­pass on­the­fly shot clustering algorithm. Third, we demonstrate partially successful

  5. Image Analysis for Video Surveillance Based on Spatial Regularization of a Statistical Model-Based Change Detection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francesco Ziliani; Andrea Cavallaro

    2001-01-01

    Advanced video surveillance applications require two successive steps: image analysis and content understand- ing. The first step analyses and extracts the characteristic s of the video sequence. It defines the regions or the objects of interest according to their spatial\\/temporal properties.This analysis results in a segmentation of the video sequence tha t is interpreted by the content understanding step according

  6. Effects of Video Streaming Technology on Public Speaking Students' Communication Apprehension and Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dupagne, Michel; Stacks, Don W.; Giroux, Valerie Manno

    2007-01-01

    This study examines whether video streaming can reduce trait and state communication apprehension, as well as improve communication competence, in public speaking classes. Video streaming technology has been touted as the next generation of video feedback for public speaking students because it is not limited by time or space and allows Internet…

  7. Real-Time Video Surveillance over IEEE 802.11 Mesh Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arvind Kandhalu; Anthony Rowe; Ragunathan Rajkumar; Chingchun Huang; Chao-chun Yeh

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an increase in video surveillance systems in public and private environments du e to a heightened sense of security. The next generation of surveillance systems will be able to annotate video and locally coordinate the tracking of objects while multiplex ing hundreds of video streams in real-time. In this paper, we present OmniEye, a

  8. Medical video server construction.

    PubMed

    Da?da, Jacek; Juszkiewicz, Krzysztof; Leszczuk, Miko?aj; Loziak, Krzysztof; Papir, Zdzis?aw; Sikora, Marek; Watza, Rafal

    2003-01-01

    The paper discusses two implementation options for a Digital Video Library, a repository used for archiving, accessing, and browsing of video medical records. Two crucial issues to be decided on are a video compression format and a video streaming platform. The paper presents numerous decision factors that have to be taken into account. The compression formats being compared are DICOM as a format representative for medical applications, both MPEGs, and several new formats targeted for an IP networking. The comparison includes transmission rates supported, compression rates, and at least options for controlling a compression process. The second part of the paper presents the ISDN technique as a solution for provisioning of tele-consultation services between medical parties that are accessing resources uploaded to a digital video library. There are several backbone techniques (like corporate LANs/WANs, leased lines or even radio/satellite links) available, however, the availability of network resources for hospitals was the prevailing choice criterion pointing to ISDN solutions. Another way to provide access to the Digital Video Library is based on radio frequency domain solutions. The paper describes possibilities of both, wireless and cellular network's data transmission service to be used as a medical video server transport layer. For the cellular net-work based solution two communication techniques are used: Circuit Switched Data and Packet Switched Data. PMID:14703288

  9. Violence in Teen-Rated Video Games

    PubMed Central

    Haninger, Kevin; Ryan, M. Seamus; Thompson, Kimberly M

    2004-01-01

    Context: Children's exposure to violence in the media remains a source of public health concern; however, violence in video games rated T (for “Teen”) by the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) has not been quantified. Objective: To quantify and characterize the depiction of violence and blood in T-rated video games. According to the ESRB, T-rated video games may be suitable for persons aged 13 years and older and may contain violence, mild or strong language, and/or suggestive themes. Design: We created a database of all 396 T-rated video game titles released on the major video game consoles in the United States by April 1, 2001 to identify the distribution of games by genre and to characterize the distribution of content descriptors for violence and blood assigned to these games. We randomly sampled 80 game titles (which included 81 games because 1 title included 2 separate games), played each game for at least 1 hour, and quantitatively assessed the content. Given the release of 2 new video game consoles, Microsoft Xbox and Nintendo GameCube, and a significant number of T-rated video games released after we drew our random sample, we played and assessed 9 additional games for these consoles. Finally, we assessed the content of 2 R-rated films, The Matrix and The Matrix: Reloaded, associated with the T-rated video game Enter the Matrix. Main Outcome Measures: Game genre; percentage of game play depicting violence; depiction of injury; depiction of blood; number of human and nonhuman fatalities; types of weapons used; whether injuring characters, killing characters, or destroying objects is rewarded or is required to advance in the game; and content that may raise concerns about marketing T-rated video games to children. Results: Based on analysis of the 396 T-rated video game titles, 93 game titles (23%) received content descriptors for both violence and blood, 280 game titles (71%) received only a content descriptor for violence, 9 game titles (2%) received only a content descriptor for blood, and 14 game titles (4%) received no content descriptors for violence or blood. In the random sample of 81 T-rated video games we played, 79 games (98%) involved intentional violence for an average of 36% of game play time, and 34 games (42%) contained blood. More than half of the games (51%) depicted 5 or more types of weapons, with players able to select weapons in 48 games (59%). We observed 37 games (46%) that rewarded or required the player to destroy objects, 73 games (90%) that rewarded or required the player to injure characters, and 56 games (69%) that rewarded or required the player to kill. We observed a total of 11,499 character deaths in the 81 games, occurring at an average rate of 122 deaths per hour of game play (range 0 to 1310). This included 5689 human deaths, occurring at an average rate of 61 human deaths per hour of game play (range 0 to 1291). Overall, we identified 44 games (54%) that depicted deaths to nonhuman characters and 51 games (63%) that depicted deaths to human characters, including the player. Conclusions: Content analysis suggests a significant amount of violence, injury, and death in T-rated video games. Given the large amount of violence involving guns and knives, the relative lack of blood suggests that many T-rated video games do not realistically portray the consequences of violence. Physicians and parents should appreciate that T-rated video games may be a source of exposure to violence and some unexpected content for children and adolescents, and that the majority of T-rated video games provide incentives to the players to commit simulated acts of violence. PMID:15208514

  10. The SfinX Video Surveillance System Raju Rangaswami, Zoran Dimitrijevic, Kyle Kakligian, Edward Chang, Yuan-Fang Wang

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yuan-Fang

    The SfinX Video Surveillance System Raju Rangaswami, Zoran Dimitrijevi´c, Kyle Kakligian, Edward of California, Santa Barbara Abstract In a surveillance system, video signals are generated by multiple cameras. This paper presents the hardware and software architecture of SfinX, a next-generation video-surveillance

  11. Right Here, Right Now: Career Advancement of Generation X Female Mid-Level Administrators in Community Colleges in the Southeast

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Terri Suzanne Holston

    2012-01-01

    Community colleges in the United States are facing what some researchers are calling a "crisis" (Piland & Wolf, 2003; Shults, 2001). The current generation of community college leaders, those born to the birth cohort known as the Baby Boomers, are eligible to retire early in the 21st century. These retirements will leave a…

  12. Synchronized Video: An Interface for Harmonizing Video with Body Movements

    E-print Network

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    Synchronized Video: An Interface for Harmonizing Video with Body Movements Yoshihiro Watanabe@ipc.i.u-tokyo.ac.jp ABSTRACT We propose a new media reproduction technology called Syn- chronized Video that supports the learning of new body move- ments. The proposed technology plays video in synchroniza- tion with human body

  13. Video Entity Resolution: Applying ER Techniques for Smart Video Surveillance

    E-print Network

    Kalashnikov, Dmitri V.

    Video Entity Resolution: Applying ER Techniques for Smart Video Surveillance Liyan Zhang Ronen, Irvine Abstract--Smart Video Surveillance (SVS) applications en- hance situational awareness by allowing challenges of Smart Video Surveillance is that of person identification where the task is for each subject

  14. Video2Text: Learning to Annotate Video Content Hrishikesh Aradhye

    E-print Network

    Tomkins, Andrew

    , and description sections of these videos. In comparison, any hand-designed niche set of labels (e.g., porn, newsVideo2Text: Learning to Annotate Video Content Hrishikesh Aradhye George Toderici Jay Yagnik Google the weak labels already available in the form of video title, descrip- tion, and tags. Prior work related

  15. Astronomical Video Suites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Francisco Salgado, Jose

    2010-01-01

    Astronomer and visual artist Jose Francisco Salgado has directed two astronomical video suites to accompany live performances of classical music works. The suites feature awe-inspiring images, historical illustrations, and visualizations produced by NASA, ESA, and the Adler Planetarium. By the end of 2009, his video suites Gustav Holst's The Planets and Astronomical Pictures at an Exhibition will have been presented more than 40 times in over 10 countries. Lately Salgado, an avid photographer, has been experimenting with high dynamic range imaging, time-lapse, infrared, and fisheye photography, as well as with stereoscopic photography and video to enhance his multimedia works.

  16. Video image cliff notes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szu, Harold; Hsu, Charles

    2012-06-01

    Can a compressive sampling expert system help to build a summary of a video in a composited picture? Digital Internet age has provided all with an information degree of freedom; but, comes with it, the societal trash being accumulated beyond analysts to sort through, to summary video automatically as a digital library category. While we wish preserve the spirit of democratic Smartphone-Internet to all, we provide an automation and unbiased tool called the compressive sampling expert system (CSpES) to summarize the video content at user's own discretion.

  17. Underwater Robots; Oil and Gas Refining; Video Games

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV deals with engineering and design, oil and gas refinement for a major petroleum company, and video game design and creation, common programs offered at community colleges. It can be viewed whole or in three segments: "Environmental Engineering at Bristol Community College," "BP's Dennis Link on Jobs in Process Technology," and "Creating Video Games to Save Lives." The running time for the full episode is 9:14.

  18. Superconducting Multi-Cell Deflecting Cavity for Short-Pulse X-Ray Generation at the Advanced Photon Source

    SciTech Connect

    G.J. Waldschmidt, L.H. Morrison, R. Nassiri, R.A. Rimmer, K. Tian, H. Wang

    2009-05-01

    A superconducting multi-cell cavity for the production of short x-ray pulses at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) has been explored as an alternative to a single-cell cavity design in order to improve the packing factor and potentially reduce the number of high-power RF systems and low-level RF controls required. The cavity will operate at 2815 MHz in the APS storage ring and will require heavy damping of parasitic modes to maintain stable beam operation. Novel on-cell dampers, attached directly to the cavity body, have been utilized by taking advantage of the magnetic field null on the equatorial plane in order to enhance damping. Design issues and simulation results will be discussed.

  19. Long-range dependence in variable-bit-rate video traffic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Beran; Robert Sherman; Murad S. Taqqu; Walter Willinger

    1995-01-01

    We analyze 20 large sets of actual variable-bit-rate (VBR) video data, generated by a variety of different codecs and representing a wide range of different scenes. Performing extensive statistical and graphical tests, our main conclusion is that long-range dependence is an inherent feature of VBR video traffic, i.e., a feature that is independent of scene (e.g., video phone, video conference,

  20. An advanced sensor for automated docking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard T. Howard; Thomas C. Bryan

    2001-01-01

    This paper describes the current developments in video-based sensors at the Marshall Space Flight Center. The Advanced Video Guidance Sensor is the latest in a line of video-based sensors designed for use in automated docking systems. The X-33, X-34, X-38, and X-40 are all spacecraft designed to be unpiloted vehicles; such vehicles will require a sensor system that will provide

  1. Steam generator model validation and advanced feedwater control system design for the Maanshan PWR (pressurized water reactor)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1989-01-01

    This is the Final Report of Project RP2126-7, a cooperative effort between Taiwan Power Company, EPRI, and Westinghouse which resulted in two major outcomes: the actual validation of the key low power transient response characteristics of a practical dynamic computer model of the vertical natural circulation U-tube steam generators at the Maanshan pressurized water reactor in Taiwan, and the adaptation

  2. Learning from Online Video Lectures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brecht, H. David

    2012-01-01

    This study empirically examines the instructional value of online video lectures--videos that a course's instructor prepares to supplement classroom or online-broadcast lectures. The study examines data from a classroom course, where the videos have a slower, more step-by-step lecture style than the classroom lectures; student use of videos is…

  3. The Vision Digital Video Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gauch, Susan; Li, Wei; Gauch, John

    1997-01-01

    Describes VISION (Video Indexing for Searching over Networks), a digital video prototype developed at the University of Kansas to demonstrate the technology necessary for an online digital video library. Highlights include content-based search and retrieval of video over computer networks; full-text information retrieval; and future plans.…

  4. Video: State of the Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gill, Johanna

    A historical account of the activities in the field of video art in the United States traces the movement from its inception in 1968 and 1969 and discusses the social and artistic ferment of those years that had an impact on the video art movement. A look at how the video technology became available along with the history of the video art movement…

  5. Video Views and Reviews

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watters, Christopher D.

    2003-01-01

    This article reviews three "Molecular Biology of the Cell" movies. These include videos on nuclear dynamics and nuclear localization signals, spindle and chromosomal movements during mitosis, and fibroblast motility and substrate adhesiveness. (Contains 5 figures.)

  6. The video violence debate.

    PubMed

    Lande, R G

    1993-04-01

    Some researchers and theorists are convinced that graphic scenes of violence on television and in movies are inextricably linked to human aggression. Others insist that a link has not been conclusively established. This paper summarizes scientific studies that have informed these two perspectives. Although many instances of children and adults imitating video violence have been documented, no court has imposed liability for harm allegedly resulting from a video program, an indication that considerable doubt still exists about the role of video violence in stimulating human aggression. The author suggests that a small group of vulnerable viewers are probably more impressionable and therefore more likely to suffer deleterious effects from violent programming. He proposes that research on video violence be narrowed to identifying and describing the vulnerable viewer. PMID:8462940

  7. NREL Buildings Research Video

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2013-05-29

    Through research, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed many strategies and design techniques to ensure both commercial and residential buildings use as little energy as possible and also work well with the surroundings. Here you will find a video that introduces the work of NREL Buildings Research, highlights some of the facilities on the NREL campus, and demonstrates these efficient building strategies. Watch this video to see design highlights of the Science and Technology Facility on the NREL campus?the first Federal building to be LEED® Platinum certified. Additionally, the video demonstrates the energy-saving features of NRELs Thermal Test Facility. For a text version of this video visit http://www.nrel.gov/buildings/about_research_text_version.html

  8. Dawn Mission Video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2007-04-18

    Leonard Nimoy narrates this animated 13-minute video of NASA's Dawn mission, launched in October 2007. The movie features a look into the planning, instrumentation and technological challenges of this mission into the heart of the asteroid belt.

  9. Discovery: Gear & Gadgets Videos

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Do you want to learn about soy surfboards? How text messages might save lives? Or about how a therapeutic war game might help veterans? All of this and much more is available on the Discovery Channel's Gear & Gadgets website. Each video is a few minutes in length, and visitors can search through the collection of 31 videos by name or subject. Users can use the Show Me toolbar to look for clips, existing playlists, and full episodes. The Tech videos are informative, and visitors would do well to look at Underwater Turbines Pump Out Energy and Truckin' From Diesel to Veg Oil. Finally, the site also includes updates from other Discovery video channels, including clips on new medical technologies and aerospace innovations.

  10. Facial Recognition in Video

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dmitry O. Gorodnichy

    2003-01-01

    There is a physiological reason, backed up by the theory of visual attention in living organisms, why animals look into each\\u000a others’ eyes. This is to illustrate the main two properties in which recognizing of faces in video differs from its static\\u000a counterpart - recognizing of faces in images. First, the lack of resolution in video is abundantly compensated by

  11. VideoLectures.NET

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    VideoLectures.NET is a free and open access educational video lectures repository. The lectures are given by distinguished scholars and scientists at the most important and prominent events like conferences, summer schools, workshops and science promotional events from many fields of Science. The portal is aimed at promoting science, exchanging ideas and fostering knowledge sharing by providing high quality didactic contents not only to the scientific community but also to the general public.

  12. Delivering Diagnostic Quality Video over Mobile Wireless Networks for Telemedicine.

    PubMed

    Rao, Sira P; Jayant, Nikil S; Stachura, Max E; Astapova, Elena; Pearson-Shaver, Anthony

    2009-01-01

    In real-time remote diagnosis of emergency medical events, mobility can be enabled by wireless video communications. However, clinical use of this potential advance will depend on definitive and compelling demonstrations of the reliability of diagnostic quality video. Because the medical domain has its own fidelity criteria, it is important to incorporate diagnostic video quality criteria into any video compression system design. To this end, we used flexible algorithms for region-of-interest (ROI) video compression and obtained feedback from medical experts to develop criteria for diagnostically lossless (DL) quality. The design of the system occurred in three steps-measurement of bit rate at which DL quality is achieved through evaluation of videos by medical experts, incorporation of that information into a flexible video encoder through the notion of encoder states, and an encoder state update option based on a built-in quality criterion. Medical experts then evaluated our system for the diagnostic quality of the video, allowing us to verify that it is possible to realize DL quality in the ROI at practical communication data transfer rates, enabling mobile medical assessment over bit-rate limited wireless channels. This work lays the scientific foundation for additional validation through prototyped technology, field testing, and clinical trials. PMID:19421337

  13. Production of a Science Education Video for Middle School Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tauxe, K.; Gindreau, J.; Bongianni, N.

    2004-12-01

    "Out to Sea: Life as a Crew Member Aboard a Geological Research Ship" is the title of a video created to introduce middle school students to the interesting and varied life on a research ship. The video was filmed on the JOIDES Resolution in January 2003 and edited in Los Alamos, New Mexico, at the local public access television station. This video was created on a budget of less than $4000. The producer, a science teacher and former Marine Technician with the Ocean Drilling Program, created this video in an effort to reach students in their middle school years and show them the exciting world of geological research. The video introduces students to the JOIDES Resolution and interviews several shipboard members from the chief steward to sea-going scientists. The intent is to inform students about the range of opportunities for work in science, many of which do not require advanced degrees in scientific disciplines. This differs from traditional "big science" videos, by showing them that it is possible to be involved in science without having a PhD. This presentation will include the motivation for creating the video, the process of video production, problems and solutions encountered along the way, as well as teacher and student feedback.

  14. Next generation bioelectronics: Advances in fabrication coupled with clever chemistries enable the effective integration of biomaterials and organic conductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Molino, Paul J.; Wallace, Gordon G.

    2015-01-01

    Organic bioelectronics is making an enormous impact in the field of tissue engineering, providing not just biocompatible, but biofunctional conducting material platforms. For their true potential to be reached, it is critical to integrate organic conductors with other biopolymers in a targeted manner, allowing the development of devices and scaffold architectures capable of delivering a number of physical, chemical, and electrical stimuli. Herein, we provide an overview of the methods currently being employed to tailor organic conductors for bioapplications, with a focus on the development of fabrication techniques vital to the development of the next generation of intelligent bionic devices.

  15. Environmentally robust motion detection for video surveillance.

    PubMed

    Woo, Hyenkyun; Jung, Yoon Mo; Kim, Jeong-Gyoo; Seo, Jin Keun

    2010-11-01

    Most video surveillance systems require to manually set a motion detection sensitivity level to generate motion alarms. The performance of motion detection algorithms, embedded in closed circuit television (CCTV) camera and digital video recorder (DVR), usually depends upon the preselected motion sensitivity level, which is expected to work in all environmental conditions. Due to the preselected sensitivity level, false alarms and detection failures usually exist in video surveillance systems. The proposed motion detection model based upon variational energy provides a robust detection method at various illumination changes and noise levels of image sequences without tuning any parameter manually. We analyze the structure mathematically and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model with numerous experiments in various environmental conditions. Due to the compact structure and efficiency of the proposed model, it could be implemented in a small embedded system. PMID:20952320

  16. The Dynomak: An advanced spheromak reactor system with imposed-dynamo current drive and next-generation nuclear power technologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sutherland, D. A.; Jarboe, T. R.; Marklin, G.; Morgan, K. D.; Nelson, B. A.

    2013-10-01

    A high-beta spheromak reactor system has been designed with an overnight capital cost that is competitive with conventional power sources. This reactor system utilizes recently discovered imposed-dynamo current drive (IDCD) and a molten salt blanket system for first wall cooling, neutron moderation and tritium breeding. Currently available materials and ITER developed cryogenic pumping systems were implemented in this design on the basis of technological feasibility. A tritium breeding ratio of greater than 1.1 has been calculated using a Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP5) neutron transport simulation. High-temperature superconducting tapes (YBCO) were used for the equilibrium coil set, substantially reducing the recirculating power fraction when compared to previous spheromak reactor studies. Using zirconium hydride for neutron shielding, a limiting equilibrium coil lifetime of at least thirty full-power years has been achieved. The primary FLiBe loop was coupled to a supercritical carbon dioxide Brayton cycle due to attractive economics and high thermal efficiencies. With these advancements, an electrical output of 1000 MW from a thermal output of 2486 MW was achieved, yielding an overall plant efficiency of approximately 40%. A paper concerning the Dynomak reactor design is currently being reviewed for publication.

  17. Inducing pluripotency in vitro: recent advances and highlights in induced pluripotent stem cells generation and pluripotency reprogramming.

    PubMed

    Rony, I K; Baten, A; Bloomfield, J A; Islam, M E; Billah, M M; Islam, K D

    2015-04-01

    Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are considered patient-specific counterparts of embryonic stem cells as they originate from somatic cells after forced expression of pluripotency reprogramming factors Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc. iPSCs offer unprecedented opportunity for personalized cell therapies in regenerative medicine. In recent years, iPSC technology has undergone substantial improvement to overcome slow and inefficient reprogramming protocols, and to ensure clinical-grade iPSCs and their functional derivatives. Recent developments in iPSC technology include better reprogramming methods employing novel delivery systems such as non-integrating viral and non-viral vectors, and characterization of alternative reprogramming factors. Concurrently, small chemical molecules (inhibitors of specific signalling or epigenetic regulators) have become crucial to iPSC reprogramming; they have the ability to replace putative reprogramming factors and boost reprogramming processes. Moreover, common dietary supplements, such as vitamin C and antioxidants, when introduced into reprogramming media, have been found to improve genomic and epigenomic profiles of iPSCs. In this article, we review the most recent advances in the iPSC field and potent application of iPSCs, in terms of cell therapy and tissue engineering. PMID:25643745

  18. Advances with the new AIMS fab 193 2nd generation: a system for the 65 nm node including immersion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zibold, Axel M.; Poortinga, E.; Doornmalen, H. v.; Schmid, R.; Scherubl, T.; Harnisch, W.

    2005-06-01

    The Aerial Image Measurement System, AIMS, for 193nm lithography emulation is established as a standard for the rapid prediction of wafer printability for critical structures including dense patterns and defects or repairs on masks. The main benefit of AIMS is to save expensive image qualification consisting of test wafer exposures followed by wafer CD-SEM resist or wafer analysis. By adjustment of numerical aperture (NA), illumination type and partial coherence (?) to match any given stepper/ scanner, AIMS predicts the printability of 193nm reticles such as binary with, or without OPC and phase shifting. A new AIMS fab 193 second generation system with a maximum NA of 0.93 is now available. Improvements in field uniformity, stability over time, measurement automation and higher throughput meet the challenging requirements of the 65nm node. A new function, "Global CD Map" can be applied to automatically measure and analyse the global CD uniformity of repeating structures across a reticle. With the options of extended depth-of-focus (EDOF) software and the upcoming linear polarisation capability in the illumination the new AIMS fab 193 second generation system is able to cover both dry and immersion requirements for NA < 1. Rigorous simulations have been performed to study the effects of polarisation for imaging by comparing the aerial image of the AIMS to the resist image of the scanner.

  19. A neuromorphic system for video object recognition.

    PubMed

    Khosla, Deepak; Chen, Yang; Kim, Kyungnam

    2014-01-01

    Automated video object recognition is a topic of emerging importance in both defense and civilian applications. This work describes an accurate and low-power neuromorphic architecture and system for real-time automated video object recognition. Our system, Neuormorphic Visual Understanding of Scenes (NEOVUS), is inspired by computational neuroscience models of feed-forward object detection and classification pipelines for processing visual data. The NEOVUS architecture is inspired by the ventral (what) and dorsal (where) streams of the mammalian visual pathway and integrates retinal processing, object detection based on form and motion modeling, and object classification based on convolutional neural networks. The object recognition performance and energy use of the NEOVUS was evaluated by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) under the Neovision2 program using three urban area video datasets collected from a mix of stationary and moving platforms. These datasets are challenging and include a large number of objects of different types in cluttered scenes, with varying illumination and occlusion conditions. In a systematic evaluation of five different teams by DARPA on these datasets, the NEOVUS demonstrated the best performance with high object recognition accuracy and the lowest energy consumption. Its energy use was three orders of magnitude lower than two independent state of the art baseline computer vision systems. The dynamic power requirement for the complete system mapped to commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware that includes a 5.6 Megapixel color camera processed by object detection and classification algorithms at 30 frames per second was measured at 21.7 Watts (W), for an effective energy consumption of 5.45 nanoJoules (nJ) per bit of incoming video. These unprecedented results show that the NEOVUS has the potential to revolutionize automated video object recognition toward enabling practical low-power and mobile video processing applications. PMID:25506325

  20. A neuromorphic system for video object recognition

    PubMed Central

    Khosla, Deepak; Chen, Yang; Kim, Kyungnam

    2014-01-01

    Automated video object recognition is a topic of emerging importance in both defense and civilian applications. This work describes an accurate and low-power neuromorphic architecture and system for real-time automated video object recognition. Our system, Neuormorphic Visual Understanding of Scenes (NEOVUS), is inspired by computational neuroscience models of feed-forward object detection and classification pipelines for processing visual data. The NEOVUS architecture is inspired by the ventral (what) and dorsal (where) streams of the mammalian visual pathway and integrates retinal processing, object detection based on form and motion modeling, and object classification based on convolutional neural networks. The object recognition performance and energy use of the NEOVUS was evaluated by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) under the Neovision2 program using three urban area video datasets collected from a mix of stationary and moving platforms. These datasets are challenging and include a large number of objects of different types in cluttered scenes, with varying illumination and occlusion conditions. In a systematic evaluation of five different teams by DARPA on these datasets, the NEOVUS demonstrated the best performance with high object recognition accuracy and the lowest energy consumption. Its energy use was three orders of magnitude lower than two independent state of the art baseline computer vision systems. The dynamic power requirement for the complete system mapped to commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware that includes a 5.6 Megapixel color camera processed by object detection and classification algorithms at 30 frames per second was measured at 21.7 Watts (W), for an effective energy consumption of 5.45 nanoJoules (nJ) per bit of incoming video. These unprecedented results show that the NEOVUS has the potential to revolutionize automated video object recognition toward enabling practical low-power and mobile video processing applications. PMID:25506325