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1

Space Suit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A pressure suit for high altitude flights, particularly space missions is reported. The suit is designed for astronauts in the Apollo space program and may be worn both inside and outside a space vehicle, as well as on the lunar surface. It comprises an i...

A. J. Kenneway G. P. Durney L. F. Shepard M. C. Case R. C. Wise

1973-01-01

2

Competition Suits  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The following resource is fromLessonopoly, which has created student activities and lesson plans to support the video series, Science of the Olympic Winter Games, created by NBC Learn and the National Science Foundation. Featuring exclusive footage from NBC Sports and contributions from Olympic athletes and NSF scientists, the series will help teach your students valuable scientific concepts. In this particular lesson, students will explore the topic of competition suits for the Winter Olympics, and will conduct an experiment to test the effects of air drag over the surface. Students will also create a new winter sport for the Olympics and design a competition suit for that sport.

2010-01-01

3

Music Education Suites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication describes options for designing and equipping middle and high school music education suites, and suggests ways of gaining community support for including full service music suites in new and renovated school facilities. In addition to basic music suites, and practice rooms, other options detailed include: (1) small ensemble…

Kemp, Wayne

2009-01-01

4

Validation suite for MCNP  

SciTech Connect

Two validation suites, one for criticality and another for radiation shielding, have been defined and tested for the MCNP Monte Carlo code. All of the cases in the validation suites are based on experiments so that calculated and measured results can be compared in a meaningful way. The cases in the validation suites are described, and results from those cases are discussed. For several years, the distribution package for the MCNP Monte Carlo code1 has included an installation test suite to verify that MCNP has been installed correctly. However, the cases in that suite have been constructed primarily to test options within the code and to execute quickly. Consequently, they do not produce well-converged answers, and many of them are physically unrealistic. To remedy these deficiencies, sets of validation suites are being defined and tested for specific types of applications. All of the cases in the validation suites are based on benchmark experiments. Consequently, the results from the measurements are reliable and quantifiable, and calculated results can be compared with them in a meaningful way. Currently, validation suites exist for criticality and radiation-shielding applications.

Mosteller, R. D. (Russell D.)

2002-01-01

5

Astronomical Video Suites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomer and visual artist Jose Francisco Salgado has directed two astronomical video suites to accompany live performances of classical music works. The suites feature awe-inspiring images, historical illustrations, and visualizations produced by NASA, ESA, and the Adler Planetarium. By the end of 2009, his video suites Gustav Holst's The Planets and Astronomical Pictures at an Exhibition will have been presented more than 40 times in over 10 countries. Lately Salgado, an avid photographer, has been experimenting with high dynamic range imaging, time-lapse, infrared, and fisheye photography, as well as with stereoscopic photography and video to enhance his multimedia works.

Francisco Salgado, Jose

2010-01-01

6

Designing the Operative Suite  

PubMed Central

The planning of an operative suite involves many considerations, often of a highly technical nature. Requirements have become so diversified and have been elaborated so rapidly that standardization of requirements cannot be anticipated. The concept of grouping interdependent departments has brought the suite down to lower floors. Rooms have become larger to accommodate more monitoring and other equipment, and many more ancillary rooms have been found necessary. A wide wing with double or peripheral corridors is preferable. Air sterilization can be achieved by several methods. The doctors' dressing room is often a danger point in bacterial control and needs redesigning. Patient monitoring is increasing and some features can be built in. TV observation and teaching have tremendous potential but have not been adopted as widely as was anticipated some years ago. If a department needs extensive enlargement, it is much more satisfactory and usually cheaper to construct a new suite in another location.

Agnew, G. Harvey

1965-01-01

7

The dermatologic surgical suite.  

PubMed

In summary the size, layout, surgical lighting, and operative table are the most important variables in providing a comfortable, efficient surgical suite. Each physician will develop their own likes and dislikes when using and experimenting with various instruments and surgical devices. Wherever possible, trial periods should be obtained before committing excessive funds to major purchases. Nothing replaces personal experience in making such selections. A well-equipped, well-designed surgical suite improves the experience for both patients and the dermatologic surgeon. PMID:8155507

Geisse, J K

1994-03-01

8

HootSuite  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For people with a wide range of social media responsibilities, HootSuite is a great way to stay connected. HootSuite allows individuals and business teams to coordinate social media connections with their easy-to-use interface that includes scheduled updates, one-click message dissemination, and smart-phone capabilities. The basic (and free) option allows for use of two RSS feeds, five social networks, and 30 days of statistical history. This version is compatible with all operating systems, including Linux.

9

High Pressure Space Suit Assembly.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An effort is underway to incorporate advanced suit and LSS components into a functional suit in order to assess the performance of these components. A brief description of the suit configuration is presented. (Author)

H. C. Vykukal B. W. Webbon

1975-01-01

10

Advanced Crew Escape Suit.  

PubMed

Design of the S1032 Launch Entry Suit (LES) began following the Challenger loss and NASA's decision to incorporate a Shuttle crew escape system. The LES (see Figure 1) has successfully supported Shuttle missions since NASA's Return to Flight with STS-26 in September 1988. In 1990, engineers began developing the S1035 Advanced Crew Escape Suit (ACES) to serve as a replacement for the LES. The ACES was designed to be a simplified, lightweight, low-bulk pressure suit which aided self donning/doffing, provided improved comfort, and enhanced overall performance to reduce crew member stress and fatigue. Favorable crew member evaluations of a prototype led to full-scale development and qualification of the S1035 ACES between 1990 and 1992. Production of the S1035 ACES began in February 1993, with the first unit delivered to NASA in May 1994. The S1035 ACES first flew aboard STS-68 in August 1994 and will become the primary crew escape suit when the S1032 LES ends its service life in late 1995. The primary goal of the S1035 development program was to provide improved performance over that of the S1032 to minimize the stress and fatigue typically experienced by crew members. To achieve this, five fundamental design objectives were established, resulting in various material/configuration changes. PMID:11540717

1995-09-01

11

Judgement in civil suit.  

PubMed

A South Carolina judge ordered a man to pay $1 million in actual damages and $4 million in punitive damages to his ex-girlfriend for infecting her with HIV. The woman, who sued under the pseudonym "Jane Doe," received a directed settlement after her ex-boyfriend failed to respond to the suit. The plaintiff did not press criminal charges because she feared her identity would be disclosed. PMID:11367143

1999-05-28

12

20. NBS SUIT LAB. TABLE WITH MISCELLANEOUS SUIT PARTS AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. NBS SUIT LAB. TABLE WITH MISCELLANEOUS SUIT PARTS AND TERRY WEST, A SPACE SUIT ASSEMBLY TECHNICIAN LOGGING SUIT PART DATA. PARTS ON THE TABLE ARE A HARD UPPER TORSO (HUT) (REAR LEFT), FULL HELMET (FRONT LEFT), TWO HELMETS WITHOUT PROTECTIVE VISORS, A PAIR OF GLOVES, AND A BACKPACK WITHOUT VOLUMETRIC COVER (REAR RIGHT). THE BACKPACK ATTACHES TO THE HUT TO MAKE-UP THE UPPER TORSO COMPONENTS OF THE SUIT. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Neutral Buoyancy Simulator Facility, Rideout Road, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

13

Multiobjective evolutionary algorithm test suites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithms (MOEAs) currentlyhave no generic benchmark test suites. This paperprovides several Multiobjective Optimization Problems(MOPs) for use as part of a standardized MOEA test suite,and proposes a methodology whereby various MOEAs canbe directly compared. Supporting these contributions is adetailed discussion of MOP landscape and general test suiteissues, and presentation of a new theorem defining the structurallimitations of an MOP's

David A. van Veldhuizen; Gary B. Lamont

1999-01-01

14

Improved Anti-G Suit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This patent application discloses an improved anti-G suit which incorporates stiffening inserts sized and shaped to cover each inflatable air bladder and inserted between the bladders and the anti-G suit fabric. The stiffeners may be made of polypropylene...

T. J. Jennings

1986-01-01

15

Next-Generation Space Suits  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video segment adapted from NOVA scienceNOW, MIT engineer Dava Newman is working to replace today's bulky, inflated space suits with a radical, sleek design that may one day allow astronauts to walk easily on Mars.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2011-03-31

16

Compositional Diversity in Volcanic Suites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this exercise, students use whole-rock major- and trace-element compositions of volcanic rocks to explore the origins of compositional variation in igneous suites. With the help of detailed step-by-step instructions, datasets from the Yellowstone and Crater Lake calderas are downloaded from the GEOROC database, imported into Excel spreadsheets, and graphed in the form of "Harker" diagrams to learn about the different petrogeneses of these two volcanic suites.

Ratajeski, Kent

17

Heat exchanges in wet suits.  

PubMed

Flow of water under foam neoprene wet suits could halve insulation that the suits provided, even at rest in cold water. On the trunk conductance of this flow was approximately 6.6 at rest and 11.4 W . m-2 . C-1 exercising; on the limbs, it was only 3.4 at rest and 5.8 W . m-2 . degrees C-1 exercising; but during vasoconstriction in the cold, skin temperatures on distal parts of limbs were lower than were those of the trunk, allowing adequate metabolic responses. In warm water, minor postural changes and movement made flow under suits much higher, approximately 60 on trunk and 30 W . m-2 . degrees C-1 on limbs, both at rest and at work. These changes in flow allowed for a wide range of water temperatures at which people could stabilize body temperature in any given suit, neither overheating when exercising nor cooling below 35 degrees C when still. Even thin people with 4- or 7- mm suits covering the whole body could stabilize their body temperatures in water near 10 degrees C in spite of cold vasodilatation. Equations to predict limits of water temperature for stability with various suits and fat thicknesses are given. PMID:3980382

Wolff, A H; Coleshaw, S R; Newstead, C G; Keatinge, W R

1985-03-01

18

Development of Power Assisting Suit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to realize a wearable power assisting suit for assisting a nurse to carry a patient in her arms, the power supply and control systems of the suit have to be miniaturized, and it has to be wireless and pipeline-less. The new wearable suit consists of shoulders, arms, back, waist and legs units to be fitted on the nurse's body. The arms, waist and legs have new pneumatic rotary actuators driven directly by micro air pumps supplied by portable Ni-Cd batteries. The muscle forces are sensed by a new muscle hardness sensor utilizing a sensing tip mounted on a force sensing film device. An embedded microcomputer is used for the calculations of control signals. The new wearable suit was applied practically to a human body and a series of movement experiments that weights in the arms were held and taken up and down was performed. Each unit of the suit could transmit assisting torque directly to each joint verifying its practicability.

Yamamoto, Keijiro; Ishii, Mineo; Hyodo, Kazuhito; Yoshimitsu, Toshihiro; Matsuo, Takashi

19

Trends in Personal Injury Suits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professional competence becomes more important as personal injury suits against recreation enterprises and parks focus increasingly on the professional responsible for facility safety. All professionals should be aware of and educated in risk management. Trends in liability awards and providers' legal responsibilities in various situations are…

van der Smissen, Betty

1985-01-01

20

Explosive Ordnance Disposal Protective Suit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An explosive ordnance disposal protective suit which includes trousers, a coat with collar, a protective helmet and a combination face shield-chest plate. The face shield-chest plate is supported and held in place by a pocket on the front of the coat. The...

R. Martone

1984-01-01

21

SNTS: Sensor Network Troubleshooting Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sensor network troubleshooting is a notoriously difficult task, further exacerbated by resource constraints, unreliable components,\\u000a unpredictable natural phenomena, and experimental programming paradigms. This paper presents SNTS (Sensor Network Troubleshooting Suite), a tool that performs automated failure diagnosis in sensor networks. SNTS can be used to monitor network conditions using simple visualization techniques as well as to troubleshoot\\u000a deployed distributed sensor

Mohammad Maifi Hasan Khan; Liqian Luo; Chengdu Huang; Tarek F. Abdelzaher

2007-01-01

22

Scenario Analysis Tool Suite: A User's Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is a user guide for the software product, the Scenario Analysis Tool Suite (version 1.5). The tool suite implements several scenario analysis techniques, Morphological analysis, Field Anomaly Relaxation analysis, Battelle approach, Bayesian ...

C. Dilek

2009-01-01

23

Physics Suite Thinking Problems: Optics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page contains a series of problems on the topic of optics developed for use with The Physics Suite, an activity-based learning project. Each problem was designed to help build qualitative understanding of physics and was built around student acquisition of knowledge as observed in recent studies. The problems vary in format and include estimation, context-based reasoning, multiple choice, short answer, qualitative questions, and essay questions. Topics covered include Snell's law, the speed of light, electromagnetic waves, EM radiation, EM flux, lenses, mirrors, and diffraction. This item is part of a larger collection of problems, in-class questions, and interactive resources developed by the University of Maryland Physics Education Research Group.

Redish, Edward F.

2008-07-19

24

Physics Suite Thinking Problems: Electricity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page contains a series of problems on the topic of electricity developed for use with The Physics Suite, an activity-based learning project. Each problem was designed to help build qualitative understanding of physics and was built around student acquisition of knowledge as observed in recent studies. The problems vary in format and include estimation, context-based reasoning, multiple choice, short answer, qualitative questions, and essay questions. Topics covered include electric fields, resistors, capacitors, parallel and series combinations, Coulomb's Law, Kirchoff's rules, dipoles, and calculating capacitance. This item is part of a larger collection of problems, in-class questions, and interactive resources developed by the University of Maryland Physics Education Research Group.

Redish, Edward F.

2008-07-19

25

Satellite ultraquiet isolation technology experiment (SUITE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental active vibration isolation called Satellite Ultraquiet Isolation Technology Experiment (SUITE) is described in detail. SUITE is a piezoelectric-based technology demonstration scheduled to fly in 2000 or 2001 on board the PICOSat spacecraft. SUITE is designed to show that the effect of small vibrations on spacecraft instrument effectiveness can be reduced significantly. Control from the ground station is planned

E. H. Anderson; J. P. Fumo; R. S. Erwin

2000-01-01

26

Ventilation index of helicopter pilot suits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main function of helicopter pilot suits used in offshore flights is to provide thermal protection in the event of cold water immersion and to allow maintenance of thermal comfort during normal use. As part of a larger study to assess the thermal characteristics of helicopter pilot suits, the ventilation index of four suits was determined using the methods outlined

PATRICK J. SULLIVAN; IGOR B. MEKJAVIC; NAOSHI KAKITSUBA

1987-01-01

27

ENVIRONMENTAL CITIZEN SUITS AND GOVERNMENT ENFORCEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Citizen suits play a signifi cant role in the enforcement of federal law in the United States. This article introduces citizen suits as a supplement to government enforcement and identifi es the relationship that these suits have to government enforcement.

R. JUSTIN

28

AX-5 Space Suit Bearing Torque Investigation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The symptoms and eventual resolution of a torque increase problem occurring with ball bearings in the joints of the AX-5 space suit are described. Starting torques that rose 5 to 10 times initial levels were observed in crew evaluation tests of the suit i...

S. Loewenthal V. Vykukal R. Mackendrick P. Culbertson

1990-01-01

29

Reverse Pressure Effect on Suit Demand Regulator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Gemini B Suit Oxygen Demand and Relief Regulator Valve, P/N 52-83700-1171, was exposed to a simulated cabin pressure of 0.1 psia for 33 days. The gas supply to the regulator was closed during the 33 day exposure, permitting the simulated suit circuit pr...

1968-01-01

30

New operating room suite for hospital  

SciTech Connect

Hospital renovation always is a sensitive issue. The needs of patients and staff are prime concerns in the planning and design processes. One of the most difficult areas to renovate is the operating room suite. This article describes the HVAC portion of the renovation of the OR suite for the Columbia LaGrange Memorial Hospital, LaGrange, Ill.

Wilkin, C.W. [Ralph Hahn and Associates, Inc., Springfield, IL (United States)

1996-07-01

31

Do wet suits affect swimming speed?  

PubMed Central

A randomised cross-over trial was conducted to see if wet suits increase swimming speed--a question which has been fiercely debated in the fat-growing endurance sport of Triathlon. Sixteen swimmers volunteered to undertake two 30 minute swims, one with and one without a wet suit. With wet suits the subjects swam an average of 24.9 lengths of a 66 m pool. Without wet suits they swam 23.2 lengths. A 95% confidence interval for the difference is from 0.8 to 2.6 lengths (p less than 0.001). This result suggests that regulations about the use of wet suits must be agreed internationally to ensure equal competition whilst promoting the health and safety aspects of sport.

Parsons, L; Day, S J

1986-01-01

32

602PC Suite 4.0  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed as a suite of office products, 602PC Suite is compatible with MS Office document types, and contains four full-featured applications, including a word processor, spreadsheet, and photo editor. The word processor is compatible with MS Word, and supports multiple languages. The newest additions included in this version of 602PC Suite include advanced document format compatibility, an MS Office 2003-style toolbar, and complete support for digital photography and imaging. This edition is compatible with systems running Windows 98 and above.

33

602PC Suite 4.0  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For those looking for an alternative to some of the more mainstream computer office suite packages, the free edition of 602PC Suite 4.0 may be worth a look. The package of programs includes a word processor, spreadsheet, photo editor, and a digital photo organizer. Additionally, this application is compatible with MS Office document types, and supports a number of different languages. The program is a bit large (approximately 21.5 MB), so those persons using a dial-up connection will want to keep this in mind. 602PC Suite 4 is compatible with all systems running Windows 98 and higher.

34

The ESA's Space Trajectory Analysis software suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Space Agency (ESA) initiated in 2005 an internal activity to develop an open source software suite involving university science departments and research institutions all over the world. This project is called the \\

Guillermo Ortega

2008-01-01

35

Skin Suit Aerodynamics in Speed Skating  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performances analysis in sports is complex since many factors linked together contribute to the final result thus a quantification\\u000a of the effects of different suits on speed skating performances just with field measurements is a difficult task. In fact,\\u000a field measurements and competition results do not clearly show the effect of using different suits. Industries and Olympic\\u000a committees have then

Lars Sætran; Luca Oggiano

36

George W. Crile: the pneumatic rubber suit.  

PubMed

Military antishock trousers (MAST) have been used in emergency care for only a little more than a decade. However, the initial report of the medical use of an inflatable compression garment appeared in 1903, when George W. Crile utilized a pneumatic rubber suit to augment the blood pressure of patients undergoing head and neck surgery. Technical difficulties occasionally produced precipitous deflation of the garment, but Crile maintained that the device was otherwise free of adverse effects. Since then, a number of complications have been ascribed to the suit, including reduction of vital capacity, metabolic acidosis, skin necrosis, renal failure, vascular thrombosis, and fascial compartment syndrome. None of these have occurred with sufficient frequency to substantially restrict the use of the suit. The mechanism by which the pneumatic garment produces an elevation in blood pressure-ascribed by Crile to elevation of peripheral resistance-continues to be a subject for research. PMID:6400644

Sternbach, G

1984-01-01

37

Thermal Evaluation of a Polyvinylchloride Exposure Suit (Empress) and Comparison with Present Submarine Deck Exposure Suit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study determined the general performance and survival times afforded by the 'Empress' polyvinylchloride exposure suit (PVES) and the present submarine deck exposure suit in 44F water, 32F air, and 20 MPH wind speed. Tests were also conducted utilizing...

D. A. Hall J. J. Nobel

1968-01-01

38

Chemical Heat Source for Wet Suits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An internal chemical heat source for wet suits, based on the heat of crystallization of a chemical or mixture of chemicals, has been proposed. Initial experiments indicate that this method shows considerable promise, and lithium nitrate trihydrate, m.p. 3...

P. J. Hearst

1968-01-01

39

VHSIC Hardware Description Language (VHDL) Benchmark Suite.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the development of a VHDL Benchmark Suite system. Each benchmark is designed to test one or more of a set of 71 VHDL language features in terms of the limitations of user's of vendor's system architecture, operating system, and VHDL ...

K. Serafino

1989-01-01

40

Environmental “Citizen Suits” in the Czech Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

For several decades citizens of the Czech Republic have endured a severely degraded environment, stemming partially from reportedly lax enforcement of environmental protection laws. During this period, Czech citizens have lacked the right to litigate citizen suits as a means of increasing environmental enforcement and have never initiated civil litigation against a polluter. However, since 1958, Czech citizens have exercised

Dietrich Earnhart

2000-01-01

41

The ISPD98 circuit benchmark suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1985-1993, the MCNC regularly introduced and maintained circuit benchmarks for use by the Design Automation community. However, during the last five years, no new circuits have been introduced that can be used for developing fundamental physical design applications, such as partitioning and placement. The largest circuit in the existing set of benchmark suites has over 100,000 modules, but the

Charles J. Alpert

1998-01-01

42

What's New with MS Office Suites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If one buys a new PC, laptop, or netbook computer today, it probably comes preloaded with Microsoft Office 2010 Starter Edition. This is a significantly limited, advertising-laden version of Microsoft's suite of productivity programs, Microsoft Office. This continues the trend of PC makers providing ever more crippled versions of Microsoft's…

Goldsborough, Reid

2012-01-01

43

Performance Standards for Improving Chemical Protective Suits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the basis and requirements of various standards for the manufacture of chemical protective suits currently under development by the Ameri can Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Standards of both groups are aimed at improving product doc umentation to allow end users to have better information for selecting chemical pro

Jeffrey O. Stull

1988-01-01

44

Domain of EPI suite biotransformation models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge of the interpolative region or applicability domain (AD) of structure–activity relationships is believed to improve predictive accuracy. The present work was undertaken to characterize the AD of EPI Suite™ biotransformation models and evaluate the performance of selected AD assessment methods. AD methods were applied to the training sets of four models representing different end-points, and the predictive accuracy was

R. S. Boethling; J. Costanza

2010-01-01

45

Origin of the Lunar Magnesian Suite Cumulates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Calculation of chemical evolution during lunar magma ocean (LMO) crystallization strongly suggests that the highly magnesian olivines with relatively low Ni concentrations that are characteristic of the magnesian suite cumulates ultimately derive from the earliest dunite cumulates of the magma ocean. However, the evolution from pure olivine deposited at the base of the magma ocean to olivine-plagioclase cumulates (magnesian suite troctolites) crystallized within the crust is complex. New melting calculations on various combinations of rock types formed in the lunar magma ocean suggest 2 alternative scenarios. In the first, overturn of the LMO cumulate pile brings the hottest cumulates (dunite) to the base of an anorthositic crust where mechanical mixing plus radioactive heating provided by the late stage LMO residual liquid (KREEP) induce extensive melting. The melts are suitable parents of the magnesian suite troctolites and norites. In the second scenario no anorthositic crust forms, rather norite and later gabbronorite accumulate at the base of the ocean once plagioclase becomes stable. Overturn of the cumulate pile brings hot dunite to the base of the zone of mafic cumulates where melting and mixing ensue. Low-degree, hybrid melts of a mixture of primary dunite, norite, and late-stage MO liquid have the necessary Ni, Co, Mg', Al2O3, and REE to crystallize the distinctive lithologies of the magnesian suite. The KREEP signature in magnesian suite cumulates, which includes depletion of Ti relative to REE, implies crystallization of the LMO beyond 99%. Thermal models show that a thick KREEP layer beneath an insulating crust extends the duration of the LMO beyond the crystallization age of the oldest magnesian suite cumulates. This result plus the sparsity of anorthosite in the region of crustal KREEP enrichment (the PKT or Procellarum KREEP Terrane) argues for lack of formation of anorthosite and crystallization of the LMO to shallow levels (5 km or less) in the PKT, thus favoring the second scenario. A major concern is whether the sparsity of anorthosite in the PKT was caused by a local phenomenon such as a convection head or whether it was a Moon-wide feature, implying post-magma ocean formation of ferroan anorthosites.

Longhi, J.

2009-05-01

46

The BTeV Software Tutorial Suite  

SciTech Connect

The BTeV Collaboration is starting to develop its C++ based offline software suite, an integral part of which is a series of tutorials. These tutorials are targeted at a diverse audience, including new graduate students, experienced physicists with little or no C++ experience, those with just enough C++ to be dangerous, and experts who need only an overview of the available tools. The tutorials must both teach C++ in general and the BTeV specific tools in particular. Finally, they must teach physicists how to find and use the detailed documentation. This report will review the status of the BTeV experiment, give an overview of the plans for and the state of the software and will then describe the plans for the tutorial suite.

Robert K. Kutschke

2004-02-20

47

GENESIS: The General Earth Science Investigation Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

GENESIS is a NASA-sponsored partnership be- tween the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, academia, and three NASA data centers to develop a new suite of web services tools to facilitate multi-sensor investigations in Earth System Science. Residing within a framework known as SciFlo, these tools will offer versatile operators for data access, subsetting, registra- tion, fusion, compression, and advanced statistical analysis. They

Thomas Yunck; Brian Wilson; Amy Braverman; Elaine Dobinson; Eric Fetzer

48

High Suited Carotid Artery Stenosis and Imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

A stenosis of the internal carotid artery is typically irregular and approximately up to two centimeters distal the bifurcation.\\u000a However, this is not what it is meant here. The so-called “high suited carotid artery stenoses” are different with respect\\u000a to imaging procedure, more diagnosis, and particulary in treatment planning, and are a little bit complex than the stenoses\\u000a just around

B. Butz

49

Cache Performance of the SPEC Benchmark Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SPEC benchmark suite consists of ten public-domain, non-trivial programs that are widely used to measure the performance of computer systems, particularly those in the Unix workstation market. These benchmarks were expressly chosen to represent real-world applications and were intended to be large enough to stress the computational and memory system resources of current-generation machines. The extent to which the

Jeffrey D. Gee; Mark D. Hill; Dionisios N. Pnevmatikatos; Alan Jay Smith

1991-01-01

50

DASCAR sensor suite and video data system  

SciTech Connect

A research program oriented toward the development of a portable data acquisition system for crash avoidance research has been conducted. This paper discusses the background to the project and the requirements for the data acquisition system. it also provides a brief system overview and describes two of the system`s five major elements, the sensor suite and the video data system, in detail. Components, functions, and specifications are covered Finally the paper addresses the central data collection/analysis facility which was assembled to manage the sensor and video data, and presents the potential uses of the data acquisition system.

Carter, R.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Barickman, F.S. [National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, East Liberty, OH (United States). Vehicle Research and Test Center; Goodman, M.J. [National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Crash Avoidance Research

1996-12-31

51

Physics Suite Peer Instruction Problems: Kinematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains a series of peer instruction problems on kinematics, designed to be solved in a classroom setting. The problems are presented with a qualitative (usually multiple choice) question that is carefully constructed to engage student difficulties with fundamental concepts. Students consider the problem individually and contribute their answers using personal response systems (clickers). Students then confer with their cooperative groups and vote again on the correct response. Topics covered include displacement, velocity, average velocity, speed, and interpreting position and velocity graphs. This problem set is part of the Physics Suite collection, containing sample problems, peer instruction problems, and alternative homework sets.

Redish, Edward F.

2008-08-11

52

GenePattern flow cytometry suite  

PubMed Central

Background Traditional flow cytometry data analysis is largely based on interactive and time consuming analysis of series two dimensional representations of up to 20 dimensional data. Recent technological advances have increased the amount of data generated by the technology and outpaced the development of data analysis approaches. While there are advanced tools available, including many R/BioConductor packages, these are only accessible programmatically and therefore out of reach for most experimentalists. GenePattern is a powerful genomic analysis platform with over 200 tools for analysis of gene expression, proteomics, and other data. A web-based interface provides easy access to these tools and allows the creation of automated analysis pipelines enabling reproducible research. Results In order to bring advanced flow cytometry data analysis tools to experimentalists without programmatic skills, we developed the GenePattern Flow Cytometry Suite. It contains 34 open source GenePattern flow cytometry modules covering methods from basic processing of flow cytometry standard (i.e., FCS) files to advanced algorithms for automated identification of cell populations, normalization and quality assessment. Internally, these modules leverage from functionality developed in R/BioConductor. Using the GenePattern web-based interface, they can be connected to build analytical pipelines. Conclusions GenePattern Flow Cytometry Suite brings advanced flow cytometry data analysis capabilities to users with minimal computer skills. Functionality previously available only to skilled bioinformaticians is now easily accessible from a web browser.

2013-01-01

53

Verification Test Suite for Physics Simulation Codes  

SciTech Connect

The DOE/NNSA Advanced Simulation & Computing (ASC) Program directs the development, demonstration and deployment of physics simulation codes. The defensible utilization of these codes for high-consequence decisions requires rigorous verification and validation of the simulation software. The physics and engineering codes used at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) are arguably among the most complex utilized in computational science. Verification represents an important aspect of the development, assessment and application of simulation software for physics and engineering. The purpose of this note is to formally document the existing tri-laboratory suite of verification problems used by LANL, LLNL, and SNL, i.e., the Tri-Lab Verification Test Suite. Verification is often referred to as ensuring that ''the [discrete] equations are solved [numerically] correctly''. More precisely, verification develops evidence of mathematical consistency between continuum partial differential equations (PDEs) and their discrete analogues, and provides an approach by which to estimate discretization errors. There are two variants of verification: (1) code verification, which compares simulation results to known analytical solutions, and (2) calculation verification, which estimates convergence rates and discretization errors without knowledge of a known solution. Together, these verification analyses support defensible verification and validation (V&V) of physics and engineering codes that are used to simulate complex problems that do not possess analytical solutions. Discretization errors (e.g., spatial and temporal errors) are embedded in the numerical solutions of the PDEs that model the relevant governing equations. Quantifying discretization errors, which comprise only a portion of the total numerical simulation error, is possible through code and calculation verification. Code verification computes the absolute value of discretization errors relative to an exact solution of the governing equations. In contrast, calculation verification, which does not utilize a reference solution, combines an assessment of stable self-convergence and exact solution prediction to quantitatively estimate discretization errors. In FY01, representatives of the V&V programs at LANL, LLNL, and SNL identified a set of verification test problems for the Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI) Program. Specifically, a set of code verification test problems that exercise relevant single- and multiple-physics packages was agreed upon. The verification test suite problems can be evaluated in multidimensional geometry and span both smooth and non-smooth behavior.

Brock, J S; Kamm, J R; Rider, W J; Brandon, S; Woodward, C; Knupp, P; Trucano, T G

2006-12-21

54

The development of the Australian anti-G suit.  

PubMed

Prof. Frank Cotton of Sydney University, Australia, designed the world's first successful gas-operated anti-G suit. Research commenced late in 1940, and a suit was designed with rubber sacs covered externally by inextensible material. The sacs automatically inflated when G forces increased during flying. Initially tested on a centrifuge specially built at Sydney University, and then flight-tested in a Hurricane, Kittyhawks, and Spitfires, the suit provided about 2 G protection. The Canadians had earlier developed a water-filled suit, which the RAF adopted, but comparative trials in 1944 by the Royal Air Force concluded that: "There is no doubt the Cotton Suit gives the best protection." By the time the Cotton Aerodynamic Anti-G Suit was operational, Japanese attacks on Darwin had virtually ceased, and the suit was never used in combat. However, the principle of gas-inflatable bladders is still used in the modern anti-G suit. PMID:2178602

Brook, W H

1990-02-01

55

28 CFR 15.4 - Removal and defense of suits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Removal and defense of suits. 15...4 Removal and defense of suits. (a) The United States Attorney for the district...the removal and defense of, or refusal...of the Assistant Attorney General in...

2013-07-01

56

Petrology of the Apollo 12 Pigeonite Basalt Suite.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A comparative petrologic study of the Apollo 12 pigeonite basalt suite has been undertaken to answer the following questions: (1) What are the textural and petrologic variations within the pigeonite suite. (2) Are these variations consistent with the hypo...

W. S. Baldridge D. W. Beaty S. M. R. Hill A. L. Albee

1979-01-01

57

Astro-E's Mission Independent Scheduling Suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The next generation of Mission Scheduling software will be cheaper, easier to customize for a mission, and faster than current planning systems. TAKO (``Timeline Assembler, Keyword Oriented'', or in Japanese, ``octopus'') is our in-progress suite of software that takes database input and produces mission timelines. Our approach uses openly available hardware, software, and compilers, and applies current scheduling and N-body methods to reduce the scope of the problem. A flexible set of keywords lets the user define mission-wide and individual target constraints, and alter them on-the-fly. Our goal is that TAKO will be easily adapted for many missions, and will be usable with a minimum of training. The especially pertinent deadline of Astro-E's launch motivates us to convert theory into software within 2 years. The design choices, methods for reducing the data and providing flexibility, and steps to get TAKO up and running for any mission are discussed.

Antunes, A.; Saunders, A.; Hilton, P.

58

Physics Suite Sample Problems: Momentum and Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page contains a series of problems on the topic of momentum developed for use with The Physics Suite, an activity-based learning project. Each problem was designed to help build qualitative understanding of physics and was built around student acquisition of knowledge as observed in recent studies. The problems vary in format and include estimation, context-based reasoning, multiple choice, short answer, qualitative questions, and essay questions. Topics covered include conservation of energy, conservation of momentum, collisions, springs, gravitational potential energy, work, and graphical analysis. This item is part of a larger collection of problems, in-class questions, and interactive resources developed by the University of Maryland Physics Education Research Group.

Redish, Edward F.

2008-07-19

59

Wireless gyroscope suit for gait stability estimation.  

PubMed

Gait stability is primary in assessing individuals with high risk of falling, particularly the elderly. Custom made self-adjustable wireless gyroscope suit is used as a sensing device to quantify gait stability. A nonlinear time series analysis i.e. maximum Lyapunov exponent (?*) was employed to estimate the short term and long term stability and it is closely related to the ability of human neuro-muscular control system in maintaining gait stability. Experimental analysis and tests validated the efficacy of this novel approach. The results achieved are comparable with the findings of multiple kinematic and dynamic parameters derived from optical motion capture system and force platform which are widely used as gold standard. PMID:22256153

Gouwanda, Darwin; Senanayake, Namal A

2011-01-01

60

A diagnostic suite to assess NWP performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A suite of numerical weather prediction (NWP) verification diagnostics applicable to both scalar and vector variables is developed, highlighting the normalization and successive decomposition of model errors. The normalized root-mean square error (NRMSE) is broken down into contributions from the normalized bias (NBias) and the normalized pattern error (NPE). The square of NPE, or the normalized error variance?, is further analyzed into phase and amplitude errors, measured respectively by the correlation and the variance similarity. The variance similarity diagnostic is introduced to verify variability e.g. under different climates. While centered RMSE can be reduced by under-prediction of variability in the model,?penalizes over- and under-prediction of variability equally. The error decomposition diagram, the correlation-similarity diagram and the anisotropy diagram are introduced. The correlation-similarity diagram was compared with the Taylor diagram: it has the advantage of analyzing the normalized error variance geometrically into contributions from the correlation and variance similarity. Normalization of the error metrics removes the dependence on the inherent variability of a variable and allows comparison among quantities of different physical units and from different regions and seasons. This method was used to assess the Coupled Ocean/Atmospheric Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS). The NWP performance degrades progressively from the midlatitudes through the sub-tropics to the tropics. But similar cold and moist biases are noted and position and timing errors are the main cause of pattern errors. Although the suite of metrics is applied to NWP verification here, it is generally applicable as diagnostics for differences between two data sets.

Koh, T.-Y.; Wang, S.; Bhatt, B. C.

2012-07-01

61

Eddy parameterization challenge suite I: Eady spindown  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first set of results in a suite of eddy-resolving Boussinesq, hydrostatic simulations is presented. Each set member consists of an initially linear stratification and shear as in the Eady problem, but this profile occupies only a limited region of a channel and is allowed to spin-down via baroclinic instability. The diagnostic focus is on the spatial structure and scaling of the eddy transport tensor, which is the array of coefficients in a linear flux-gradient relationship. The advective (antisymmetric) and diffusive (symmetric) components of the tensor are diagnosed using passive tracers, and the resulting diagnosed tensor reproduces the horizontal transport of the active tracer (buoyancy) to within ±7% and the vertical transport to within ±12%. The derived scalings are shown to be close in form to the standard Gent-McWilliams (antisymmetric) and Redi diffusivity (symmetric) tensors with a magnitude that varies in space (concentrated in the horizontal and vertical near the center of the frontal shear) and time as the eddies energize. The Gent-McWilliams eddy coefficient is equal to the Redi isopycnal diffusivity to within ±6%, even as these coefficients vary with depth. The scaling for the magnitude of simulation parameters is determined empirically to within ±28%. To achieve this accuracy, the eddy velocities are diagnosed directly and used in the tensor scalings, rather than assuming a correlation between eddy velocity and the mean flow velocity where ±97% is the best accuracy achievable. Plans for the next set of models in the challenge suite are described.

Bachman, S.; Fox-Kemper, B.

2013-04-01

62

Instrumenting Bomb Disposal Suits with Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bomb disposal suits contain a large amount of padding and armour to protect the wearer's vital organs in the case of explosion. The combination of the heavy (roughly 40kg) suit, physical exertion, and the environment in which these suits are worn can cause the wearer's temperat ure to rise to uncomfortable and potentially dangerous levels during missions. This paper reports

John Kemp; Elena I. Gaura; James Brusey

2008-01-01

63

An Automatic Analog Breathing System for Multicell Pressure Suits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The design criteria for an oxygen regulator for multicell pressure suits, such as the Boyle's Law Suit, are analyzed. On the latest models of the Boyle's Law Suit the conventional breathing bladder in the thorax area was omitted to reduce vulnerability an...

O. Schueller

1969-01-01

64

Resource Discovery Network (RDN) Virtual Training Suite  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A collaboration between 30 universities, this Virtual Training Suite provides 40 tutorials designed to help students, lecturers, and researchers improve their Internet information skills. Based on a United Kingdom initiative to offer free online training, these tutorials cover specific web skills for those in disciplines such as math, the history and philosophy of science, geography, bioresearch, earth science, and others. Each tutorial provides expert "tour guides" developed by universities, libraries, museums, and research institutes across the UK. Representative web-based resources are showcased, but the main objective is to teach users how to find the resources that match their particular needs and interests. The tutorials also focus on the critical and evaluative skills required to judge the merits of specific web resources. There is a glossary, a section for teacher resources, downloadable workbooks, and a discussion on how to cite Internet resources. Each tutorial includes quizzes and interactive exercises. Five hubs for tutorial development include: SOSIG (The Social Science Information Gateway), EEVL (The Internet Guide for Engineering, Mathematics and Computing), BIOME (Internet Resources in Health and Life Sciences), PSIgate (The Physical Sciences Information Gateway) and HUMBUL (The Humanities Hub).

2000-01-01

65

Automated Structure Solution with the PHENIX Suite  

SciTech Connect

Significant time and effort are often required to solve and complete a macromolecular crystal structure. The development of automated computational methods for the analysis, solution and completion of crystallographic structures has the potential to produce minimally biased models in a short time without the need for manual intervention. The PHENIX software suite is a highly automated system for macromolecular structure determination that can rapidly arrive at an initial partial model of a structure without significant human intervention, given moderate resolution and good quality data. This achievement has been made possible by the development of new algorithms for structure determination, maximum-likelihood molecular replacement (PHASER), heavy-atom search (HySS), template and pattern-based automated model-building (RESOLVE, TEXTAL), automated macromolecular refinement (phenix.refine), and iterative model-building, density modification and refinement that can operate at moderate resolution (RESOLVE, AutoBuild). These algorithms are based on a highly integrated and comprehensive set of crystallographic libraries that have been built and made available to the community. The algorithms are tightly linked and made easily accessible to users through the PHENIX Wizards and the PHENIX GUI.

Zwart, Peter H.; Zwart, Peter H.; Afonine, Pavel; Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf W.; Hung, Li-Wei; Ioerger, Tom R.; McCoy, A.J.; McKee, Eric; Moriarty, Nigel; Read, Randy J.; Sacchettini, James C.; Sauter, Nicholas K.; Storoni, L.C.; Terwilliger, Tomas C.; Adams, Paul D.

2008-06-09

66

An Integrated Suite of Fast Docking Algorithms  

PubMed Central

The CAPRI experiment (Critical Assessment of Predicted Interactions) simulates realistic and diverse docking challenges, each case having specific properties that may be exploited by docking algorithms. Motivated by the different CAPRI challenges, we developed and implemented a comprehensive suite of docking algorithms. These were incorporated into a dynamic docking protocol, consisting of four main stages: (1) Biological and bioinformatics research aiming to predict the binding site residues, to define distance constraints between interface atoms and to analyze the flexibility of molecules; (2) Rigid or flexible docking, performed by the PatchDock or FlexDock method, which utilizes the information gathered in the previous step. Symmetric complexes are predicted by the SymmDock method; (3) Flexible refinement and re-ranking of the rigid docking solution candidates, performed by FiberDock; and finally, (4) clustering and filtering the results based on energy funnels. We analyzed the performance of our docking protocol on a large benchmark and on recent CAPRI targets. The analysis has demonstrated the importance of biological information gathering prior to docking, which significantly increased the docking success rate, and of the refinement and re-scoring stage that significantly improved the ranking of the rigid docking solutions. Our failures were mostly a result of mishandling backbone flexibility, inaccurate homology modeling, or incorrect biological assumptions. Most of the methods are available at http://bioinfo3d.cs.tau.ac.il/.

Mashiach, Efrat; Schneidman-Duhovny, Dina; Peri, Aviyah; Shavit, Yoli; Nussinov, Ruth; Wolfson, Haim J.

2010-01-01

67

Sample manipulation system for mars instrument suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An innovative Sample Manipulation System (SMS) has been developed to accommodate sample presentation and transfer for up to 6 instrument stations. SMS contains eight sample cups, equally spaced on the circumference of a disk with a diameter of 20 cm. Each cup holds a 3mm diameter sample, 10mm in height. The system was designed and built to interface with an instrument suite consisting of a Quadrupole Analyzer, Laser Desorption Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometer (TOF-MS), Derivatization Station (DS), and Microscope Station. Precise manipulation of the sample is necessary for the TOF-MS mass spectrometer. Each sample cup has three degrees of freedom, allowing the TOF-MS to examine any spot on the surface of the sample; this also allows samples to be elevated into the DS. Additionally, evacuated environments are needed for laser operation and to avoid possible cross-sample contamination. Multiple reciprocating, rotary and crush seals have been employed to ensure appropriate pressures are maintained. Detailed design and operation descriptions as well as initial test results of the SMS prototype are presented.

Yucht, D.; Brinckerhoff, W. B.; Gorevan, S.; Mukherjee, S.

2003-04-01

68

Innovative technology summary report: Sealed-seam sack suits  

SciTech Connect

Sealed-seam sack suits are an improved/innovative safety and industrial hygiene technology designed to protect workers from dermal exposure to contamination. Most of these disposable, synthetic-fabric suits are more protective than cotton suits, and are also water-resistant and gas permeable. Some fabrics provide a filter to aerosols, which is important to protection against contamination, while allowing air to pass, increasing comfort level of workers. It is easier to detect body-moisture breakthrough with the disposable suits than with cotton, which is also important to protecting workers from contamination. These suits present a safe and cost-effective (6% to 17% less expensive than the baseline) alternative to traditional protective clothing. This report covers the period from October 1996 to August 1997. During that time, sealed-seam sack suits were demonstrated during daily activities under normal working conditions at the C Reactor and under environmentally controlled conditions at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL).

NONE

1998-09-01

69

Pollution abatement with limited enforcement power and citizen suits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal environmental laws in the U.S. can be enforced by government agencies or by private parties through citizen suits\\u000a against polluters. Here, I extend the standard enforcement model to examine the role played by citizen suits. The main results\\u000a from the paper suggest that in a model with limited enforcement power and citizen suits the regulator fully exercises his\\u000a enforcement

Christian Langpap

2007-01-01

70

CASS—CFEL-ASG software suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Max Planck Advanced Study Group (ASG) at the Center for Free Electron Laser Science (CFEL) has created the CFEL-ASG Software Suite CASS to view, process and analyse multi-parameter experimental data acquired at Free Electron Lasers (FELs) using the CFEL-ASG Multi Purpose (CAMP) instrument Strüder et al. (2010) [6].The software is based on a modular design so that it can be adjusted to accommodate the needs of all the various experiments that are conducted with the CAMP instrument. In fact, this allows the use of the software in all experiments where multiple detectors are involved. One of the key aspects of CASS is that it can be used either ‘on-line’, using a live data stream from the free-electron laser facility’s data acquisition system to guide the experiment, and ‘off-line’, on data acquired from a previous experiment which has been saved to file.Program summaryProgram title: CASSCatalogue identifier: AEMP_v1_0Program summary URL: http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEMP_v1_0.htmlProgram obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen’s University, Belfast, N. IrelandLicensing provisions: GNU General Public Licence, version 3No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 167073No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 1065056Distribution format: tar.gzProgramming language: C++.Computer: Intel x86-64.Operating system: GNU/Linux (for information about restrictions see outlook).RAM: >8 GBClassification: 2.3, 3, 15, 16.4.External routines: Qt-Framework[1], SOAP[2], (optional HDF5[3], VIGRA[4], ROOT[5], QWT[6])Nature of problem: Analysis and visualisation of scientific data acquired at Free-Electron-LasersSolution method: Generalise data access and storage so that a variety of small programming pieces can be linked to form a complex analysis chain.Unusual features: Complex analysis chains can be built without recompiling the programAdditional comments: An updated extensive documentation of CASS is available at [7].Running time: Depending on the data size and complexity of analysis algorithms.References:[1] http://qt.nokia.com[2] http://www.cs.fsu.edu/~engelen/soap.html[3] http://www.hdfgroup.org/HDF5/[4] http://hci.iwr.uni-heidelberg.de/vigra/[5] http://root.cern.ch[6] http://qwt.sourceforge.net/[7] http://www.mpi-hd.mpg.de/personalhomes/gitasg/cass

Foucar, Lutz; Barty, Anton; Coppola, Nicola; Hartmann, Robert; Holl, Peter; Hoppe, Uwe; Kassemeyer, Stephan; Kimmel, Nils; Küpper, Jochen; Scholz, Mirko; Techert, Simone; White, Thomas A.; Strüder, Lothar; Ullrich, Joachim

2012-10-01

71

19. NBS SUIT LAB. STORAGE SHELF WITH LIQUID COOLING VENTILATION ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. NBS SUIT LAB. STORAGE SHELF WITH LIQUID COOLING VENTILATION GARMENT (LCVG), SUIT GLOVES, WAIST INSERTS, UPPER AND LOWER ARMS (LEFT, FROM TOP TO BOTTOM), LOWER TORSO ASSEMBLIES (LTA) (MIDDLE RIGHT TO LOWER RIGHT). - Marshall Space Flight Center, Neutral Buoyancy Simulator Facility, Rideout Road, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

72

Exploration Space Suit Architecture: Destination Environmental-Based Technology Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper picks up where EVA Space Suit Architecture: Low Earth Orbit Vs. Moon Vs. Mars (Hill, Johnson, IEEEAC paper no. 1209) left off in the development of a space suit architecture that is modular in design and interfaces and could be reconfigured to ...

T. R. Hill

2010-01-01

73

Satellite ultraquiet isolation technology experiment (SUITE): electromechanical subsystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spacecraft carry instruments and sensors that gather information from distant points, for example, from the Earth's surface several hundred kilometers away. Small vibrations on the spacecraft can reduce instrument effectiveness significantly. Vibration isolation system are one means of minimizing the jitter of sensitive instruments. This paper describes one such system, the Satellite Ultraquiet Isolation Technology Experiment (SUITE). SUITE is a

Eric H. Anderson; Michael E. Evert; Roger M. Glaese; James C. Goodding; Scott C. Pendleton; Donald Camp; John Fumo; Marty Jessen; Richard G. Cobb; R. S. Erwin; Jonathon Jensen

1999-01-01

74

30 CFR 700.13 - Notice of citizen suits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Notice of citizen suits. 700.13 Section 700.13 Mineral Resources...INTERIOR GENERAL GENERAL § 700.13 Notice of citizen suits. (a) A person who intends to initiate a...

2009-07-01

75

Enforcement in environmental law: an economic analysis of citizen suits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous to 1970, state and federal agencies held exclusive enforcement responsibilities over the violation of pollution control standards. However, recognizing that the government had neither the time nor resources to provide full enforcement, Congress created citizen suits. Citizen suits, first amended to the Clean Air Act in 1970, authorize citizens to act as private attorney generals and to sue polluters

Wendy S. Naysnerski

1990-01-01

76

30 CFR 700.13 - Notice of citizen suits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notice of citizen suits. 700.13 Section 700.13 Mineral Resources...INTERIOR GENERAL GENERAL § 700.13 Notice of citizen suits. (a) A person who intends to initiate a...

2010-07-01

77

The RAW benchmark suite: computation structures for general purpose computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The RAW benchmark suite consists of twelve programs designed to facilitate comparing, validating, and improv- ing reconfigur able computing systems. These benchmarks run the gamut of algorithmsfound in general purposecom- puting, including sorting, matrix operations, and graph al- gorithms. The suite includes an architecture-independent compilation framework, Raw Computation Structures (RawCS), to express each algorithm's dependencies and to support ...

Jonathan Babb; Matthew Frank; Victor Lee; Elliot Waingold; Rajeev Barua; Michael Bedford Taylor; Jang Kim; Devabhaktuni Srikrishna; Anant Agarwal

1997-01-01

78

Physiological and Manikin Evaluations of Submarine-Deck Exposure Suits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Navy Clothing and Textile Research Facility (NCTRF) compared the standard (STD) submarine-deck exposure suit (SDES) with a more watertight, modified (MOD) version. The suits were compared on the thermal manikin, in both a static and a dynamic mode, and on...

B. A. Avellini J. W. Giblo

1988-01-01

79

Of public interest: How courts handle rape victims' privacy suits  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of a string of unfavorable court decisions, rape victims continue to bring privacy suits against news organizations that identify the victims. Based on case history, journalists have little to fear from such privacy suits because appellate courts usually find victims' names add credibility to stories and, therefore, are of public interest. Most judges seem to believe that they

Michelle Johnson

1999-01-01

80

S12 - The HPC Challenge (HPCC) benchmark suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2003, the DARPA's High Productivity Computing Systems released the HPCC suite. It examines the performance of HPC architectures using kernels with various memory access patterns of well known computational kernels. Consequently, HPCC results bound the performance of real applications as a function of memory access characteristics and define performance boundaries of HPC architectures. The suite was intended to augment

Piotr R Luszczek; David H. Bailey; Jack J Dongarra; Jeremy Kepner; Robert F. Lucas; Rolf Rabenseifner; Daisuke Takahashi

2006-01-01

81

A secure communication suite for underwater acoustic sensor networks.  

PubMed

In this paper we describe a security suite for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks comprising both fixed and mobile nodes. The security suite is composed of a secure routing protocol and a set of cryptographic primitives aimed at protecting the confidentiality and the integrity of underwater communication while taking into account the unique characteristics and constraints of the acoustic channel. By means of experiments and simulations based on real data, we show that the suite is suitable for an underwater networking environment as it introduces limited, and sometimes negligible, communication and power consumption overhead. PMID:23202204

Dini, Gianluca; Lo Duca, Angelica

2012-11-07

82

A Secure Communication Suite for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

PubMed Central

In this paper we describe a security suite for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks comprising both fixed and mobile nodes. The security suite is composed of a secure routing protocol and a set of cryptographic primitives aimed at protecting the confidentiality and the integrity of underwater communication while taking into account the unique characteristics and constraints of the acoustic channel. By means of experiments and simulations based on real data, we show that the suite is suitable for an underwater networking environment as it introduces limited, and sometimes negligible, communication and power consumption overhead.

Dini, Gianluca; Duca, Angelica Lo

2012-01-01

83

19. View west, foreground, north facade of Forest East Suites, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. View west, foreground, north facade of Forest East Suites, background north & east facades of Forest Hall. - Lake Placid Club, Forest Wing, East side of Mirror Lake Drive, North of State Route 86 & Main, North Elba, Essex County, NY

84

Geant4 Hadronic Verification Suite for the Cascade Energy Range.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Geant4 hadronic process verification suite has been designed to test and optimize Geant4 hadronic models in the cascade energy range. It focuses on quantities relevant to the LHC radiation environment and spallation source targets. The general structure...

V. Ivanchenko G. Folger J. P. Wellisch T. Koi D. H. Wright

2003-01-01

85

September 10, 2012 Alan Birnbaum 100 Navarra Place Suite ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... Alan Birnbaum 100 Navarra Place Suite 5570 South Bend, IN 46601 ... of these products may not be of suitable quality to ensure safety or efficacy ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/drugsafety

86

125. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ENTRANCE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

125. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ENTRANCE TO THE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

87

127. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

127. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM 6156, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR, WEST WALL - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

88

33. SOLARIUM AND TERRACE IN EXECUTIVE SUITE LOOKING NORTH PAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. SOLARIUM AND TERRACE IN EXECUTIVE SUITE LOOKING NORTH PAST SLIDING GLASS WALL THAT DIVIDES SOLARIUM FROM EXECUTIVE DINING ROOM - Philadelphia Saving Fund Society, Twelfth & Market Streets, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

89

Reliability performance testing of totally encapsulating chemical protective suits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The need to assure a high degree of reliability for totally encapsulating chemical protective (TECP) suits has been recognized by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's (LLNL) Hazards Control Department for some time. We have conducted two series of wor...

J. S. Johnson P. M. Swearengen

1991-01-01

90

28 CFR 51.31 - Communications concerning voting suits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION OF SECTION 5 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965, AS AMENDED Communications From Individuals and Groups § 51.31 Communications concerning voting suits. Individuals and groups are urged to notify the Chief, Voting Section, Civil...

2010-07-01

91

28 CFR 51.31 - Communications concerning voting suits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION OF SECTION 5 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965, AS AMENDED Communications From Individuals and Groups § 51.31 Communications concerning voting suits. Individuals and groups are urged to notify the Chief, Voting Section, Civil...

2013-07-01

92

28 CFR 51.31 - Communications concerning voting suits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION OF SECTION 5 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965, AS AMENDED Communications From Individuals and Groups § 51.31 Communications concerning voting suits. Individuals and groups are urged to notify the Chief, Voting Section, Civil...

2009-07-01

93

IPE Operations Field Effect Standard (Pressure Sensing Suit).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A prototype pressure sensing suit capability was developed successfully that allows real-time pressure data to be captured whilst performing activities in the field that cannot be readily simulated in the laboratory. Three military subjects were used to c...

M. Summers

2011-01-01

94

Cold Water Evaluation of NASA Launch Entry Suit (LES).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the National Aeronautics & Space Administrations (NASA) Launch Entry Suit (LES) with a personal flotation system and raft could provide sufficient anti-exposure protection for Space Shuttle crews to surviv...

J. W. Kaufman K. Y. Dejneka S. J. Morrissey

1988-01-01

95

Universal Tool Suite for Planetary and Small Body Sampling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Development of a universal tool suite for use as a baseline by subsequent projects to provide a starting point for mission definition, process development, assessing known capabilities vs. stake holder needs, and a reduced development life cycle.

Klein, K. K.; Lindemann, R. L.

2012-06-01

96

124. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

124. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM 6154, SUPPORT STAFF ROOM (FORMERLY STUDY) (4' x 5' negative; 8' x 10' print) - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

97

Overview of the CCP4 suite and current developments  

PubMed Central

The CCP4 (Collaborative Computational Project, Number 4) software suite is a collection of programs and associated data and software libraries which can be used for macromolecular structure determination by X-ray crystallography. The suite is designed to be flexible, allowing users a number of methods of achieving their aims. The programs are from a wide variety of sources but are connected by a common infrastructure provided by standard file formats, data objects and graphical interfaces. Structure solution by macromolecular crystallo­graphy is becoming increasingly automated and the CCP4 suite includes several automation pipelines. After giving a brief description of the evolution of CCP4 over the last 30 years, an overview of the current suite is given. While detailed descriptions are given in the accompanying articles, here it is shown how the individual programs contribute to a complete software package.

Winn, Martyn D.; Ballard, Charles C.; Cowtan, Kevin D.; Dodson, Eleanor J.; Emsley, Paul; Evans, Phil R.; Keegan, Ronan M.; Krissinel, Eugene B.; Leslie, Andrew G. W.; McCoy, Airlie; McNicholas, Stuart J.; Murshudov, Garib N.; Pannu, Navraj S.; Potterton, Elizabeth A.; Powell, Harold R.; Read, Randy J.; Vagin, Alexei; Wilson, Keith S.

2011-01-01

98

Preliminary Studies on a New Partial-Pressure Suit Concept.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In preliminary studies, a new partial-pressure suit has been developed as an emergency garment for high-altitude aircraft flight, for continuous wear in extended space flight, and for crewmembers of the proposed supersonic transport. The USAFSAM experimen...

J. C. Davis J. Boyle F. R. Ritzinger

1967-01-01

99

Background and Development of Boyle's Law Altitude Suits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

All significant Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory (AMRL) investigations of design approaches and techniques applicable to emergency pressure suits for fliers during the 1960 to 1972 period are described and the results summarized. The first promising ...

J. D. Bowen

1973-01-01

100

NetBench: a benchmarking suite for network processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we introduce NetBench, a benchmarking suite for network processors. NetBench contains a total of 9 applications that are representative of commercial applications for network processors. These applications are from all levels of packet processing; Small, low-level code fragments as well as large application level programs are included in the suite.Using SimpleScalar simulator we study the NetBench programs

Gokhan Memik; William H. Mangione-Smith; Wendong Hu

2001-01-01

101

Web-based Tool Suite for Plasmasphere Information Discovery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A suite of tools that enable discovery of terrestrial plasmasphere characteristics from NASA IMAGE Extreme Ultra Violet (EUV) images is described. The tool suite is web-accessible, allowing easy remote access without the need for any software installation on the user's computer. The features supported by the tool include reconstruction of the plasmasphere plasma density distribution from a short sequence of EUV images, semi-automated selection of the plasmapause boundary in an EUV image, and mapping of the selected boundary to the geomagnetic equatorial plane. EUV image upload and result download is also supported. The tool suite's plasmapause mapping feature is achieved via the Roelof and Skinner (2000) Edge Algorithm. The plasma density reconstruction is achieved through a tomographic technique that exploits physical constraints to allow for a moderate resolution result. The tool suite's software architecture uses Java Server Pages (JSP) and Java Applets on the front side for user-software interaction and Java Servlets on the server side for task execution. The compute-intensive components of the tool suite are implemented in C++ and invoked by the server via Java Native Interface (JNI).

Newman, T. S.; Wang, C.; Gallagher, D. L.

2005-12-01

102

NPOESS Preparatory Project Ozone Mapper and Profiler Suite - Expected Performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS) is a new generation space-based system designed to monitor global changes in stratospheric ozone. The suite consists of a Limb Sensor, a Nadir Sensor, and a Main Electrical Box (MEB). The OMPS suite has recently been completed and delivered, after a successful interagency review process, to the NPP prime contractor, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (NGAS). It has since been integrated to the NPP spacecraft. This poster will summarize the expected performance of OMPS as determined from the pre-launch test data and analysis. The poster will also describe how potential performance deficiencies may be corrected with algorithm modifications, as well as potential improvements for the next flight model.

Caponi, M. Z.; Hornstein, J.; Flynn, L. E.; Janz, S. J.; Segura, A.

2009-12-01

103

Worker's suit barred due to failure to exhaust grievance procedure.  

PubMed

James Savoy lost two AIDS discrimination suits against Exxon Corp. Savoy's first suit alleged he was demoted to a lower-paying job as an office assistant because of AIDS discrimination. Under Savoy's union agreement, the employee must exhaust grievance procedures before taking a complaint to court. Federal Judge Edith Brown Clement dismissed Savoy's breach-of-contract claim as a violation of the collective bargaining agreement in Savoy's union. Savoy claimed he believed that pursuing the grievance procedure would be useless. The judge said a "mere subjective belief or conclusory assertion of futility is insufficient." She added the plaintiff bears the burden of producing evidence supporting the claim that the use of grievance procedures would have been futile. Savoy lost a second suit, a claim under the American with Disabilities Act (ADA), because of the statute of limitations. Under Louisiana law, Savoy failed to file the case less than 300 days after the adverse employment action. PMID:11367271

1999-10-15

104

Armoured Vehicles Defence Aid Suite Simulation Model. Modelling Sensors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2000 work has begun on the modelling and software implementation of DAB (Defence Aid Suite) systems, in order to aid in the design and evaluation of such systems. The described software is able to model the sensor suite of a DAB system, comprising radar sensors and IR (Infrared) sensors. This first version of the simulator already demonstrates its purpose by giving quick insight in the influence of the relative tilt angles of the sensors upon the probability of successful detection of the threat by the combined RF (radio frequency) and IR sensors.

vanSweeden, R.

2002-09-01

105

75 FR 67719 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection...Cal.). Plaintiff filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to take...Plaintiff has agreed to dismiss this suit with prejudice. For a period of...

2010-11-03

106

46 CFR 131.875 - Lifejackets, immersion suits, and ring buoys.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Lifejackets, immersion suits, and ring buoys. 131.875 Section...VESSELS OPERATIONS Markings for Fire Equipment and Emergency Equipment...Lifejackets, immersion suits, and ring buoys. (a) Each lifejacket, immersion suit, and ring life buoy must be marked...

2009-10-01

107

46 CFR 131.875 - Lifejackets, immersion suits, and ring buoys.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Lifejackets, immersion suits, and ring buoys. 131.875 Section...VESSELS OPERATIONS Markings for Fire Equipment and Emergency Equipment...Lifejackets, immersion suits, and ring buoys. (a) Each lifejacket, immersion suit, and ring life buoy must be marked...

2010-10-01

108

Principles of the Boyle'S Law Emergency Pressure Suit and Their Application.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An urgent requirement exists for a simple, reliable emergency pressure suit, permeable to air and comfortable while unpressurized, the condition in which the pressure suit is worn most of the time. The Boyle's Law Suit meets these essential requirements. ...

O. Schueller

1968-01-01

109

Torso Sizing Ring Construction for Hard Space Suit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A hard suit for use in space or diving applications has an adjustable length torso covering that will fit a large variety of wearers. The upper and lower sections of the covering interconnect so that the covering will fit wearers with short torsos. One or...

H. C. Vykukal

1984-01-01

110

Well-Suited Partners: Psychoanalytic Research and Grounded Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is a "core activity" of "central importance in improving mental health and social care" (NIME, CAMHS National Conference, 2005). This paper examines the philosophical issues confronted when considering psychoanalytic clinical research. It is argued that a well-suited partnership can be formed between psychoanalytic clinical research and…

Anderson, Janet

2006-01-01

111

DEVELOPMENT OF NEW SELF-COMPARISON TEST SUITES FOR ENERGYPLUS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The EnergyPlus building simulation software has been tested using ANSI\\/ASHRAE Standard 140 comparative tests, ASHRAE 1052-RP analytical tests, IEA HVAC BESTEST analytical and comparative tests, and several other IEA test suites which are in development. Another valuable test method has been the use of \\

Michael J. Witte; Robert H. Henninger; Drury B. Crawley

112

The Zoot Suit Riots: Exploring Social Issues in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Zoot Suit Riots provide students with a case study of social unrest in American history. The influx of Latinos into the Los Angeles area prior to World War II created high levels of social unrest between Mexican Americans, military servicemen, and local residences. With large numbers of soldiers stationed in the area during the Second World…

Chiodo, John J.

2013-01-01

113

Multiple capability video system suited to reconnaissance pod applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes an inexpensive, readily available video camera suite for use in airborne reconnaissance applications. Multiple configurations allow for selection between high resolution black and white, color, low-light or multi-spectral video cameras, all providing output in standard RS-170 video format.

Cissell, Barry

1993-12-01

114

Safety Tips: Avoiding Negligence Suits in Chemistry Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses various aspects related to negligence on the part of chemistry teachers. Areas addressed include negligence in tort law, avoiding negligence suits, proper instructions, proper supervision, equipment maintenance, and other considerations such as sovereign immunity, and contributory versus comparative negligence. (JN)

Gerlovich, Jack A.

1983-01-01

115

128. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

128. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM 6156, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR, FIREPLACE (4' x 5' negative; 8' x 10' print) - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

116

126. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

126. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM 6156, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR, LOOKING NORTHEAST (4' x 5' negative; 8' x 10' print) - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

117

129. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

129. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM 6156, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR, DOUBLE DOOR (4' x 5' negative; 8' x 10' print) - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

118

131. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

131. INTERIOR, SIXTH FLOOR, WING 6100 WEST, SUITE 6000, ROOM 6156, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR, DETAIL OF FRIEZE, SOFFIT, AND CEILING DECORATION (4' x 5' negative; 8' x 10' print) - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

119

Education and/as Art: A Found Poetry Suite  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Embracing "metaphor as method" (Prendergast, 2005; see also Prendergast, 2006a, 2006b, 2008a), which I suggest is a key characteristic of thinking poetically and doing poetic inquiry, is the process conveyed in this suite of found poems. The investigation began with a cross-disciplinary scholarly database search on the term "education as art" that…

Prendergast, Monica

2012-01-01

120

Use of SDL for the implementation of Abstract Test Suites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the use of the Specification a nd Description Language (SDL) for the implementation of Abstract Test Suites (ATS ). The Tree and Tabular Combined Notation (TTCN) is the standard language for specification and implementation of validation tests for signalling systems. On the other hand, SDL is a Formal system Description Technique (FDT), which is widely used in

C. Kavadias; G. Thanos; N. Ploskas; G. Gerolimos; V. Kollias; G. Stassinopoulos; M. Loupis

2003-01-01

121

33 CFR 144.20-5 - Exposure suits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of 32 degrees North latitude in the Atlantic Ocean or south of 35 degrees North latitude in all...suit must have a personal flotation device light that is approved under 46 CFR 161.012. Each light must be securely attached to the front...

2013-07-01

122

[Russian intra vehicular space suit and cold protection].  

PubMed

During space flights, astronauts use equipment allowing protection against many environmental factors. During tests realised in Russia, space suit efficiency was evaluated particularly concerning cold protection capacity in cold water (3 degrees C) and in cold air (-30 degrees C). Obtained results prove that this equipment allows to prevent hypothermia in cold water and ensure thermal comfort in cold air. PMID:11541088

Lejeune, D; Beaumont, M; Marotte, H; Loncle, M

1997-01-01

123

Private citizen suits and public enforcement: Substitutes or complements?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every major domestic environmental statute provides for citizen suits yet we know little about their implications. This paper's key contribution is systematic micro-level empirical evidence on the extent to which private environmental prosecutions crowd out, or crowd in, public monitoring and public enforcement. We use judicial instruments in an attempt to isolate the causal influence of private enforcement on public

Christian Langpap; Jay P. Shimshack

2010-01-01

124

Judicial review of EPA action under the citizen suit provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for judicial review of environmental concerns is especially marked because of the substantial body of environmental law that is formulated by regulators. The Clean Air Act of 1970 incorporated an additional check on administrative agency power. The law grants private citizens the power to bring suit against any party that violates the provisions of the act. To eliminate

1977-01-01

125

Citizen Suits Against Private Industry Under the Clean Water Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizens suits against industrial dischargers have become an important way to enforce the Clean Water Act (CWA) since the 1977 amendments were passed. Most of the recent notices of intent to sue were submitted by environmental organizations which reviewed discharge monitoring reports (DMRs) to identify noncomplying companies. A review of legislative history indicates that the most widely debated issue concerns

RICHARD E. SCHWARTZ; DAVID P. HACKETT

1984-01-01

126

Citizen suits against polluters: picking up the pace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizen suits can play a role in the enforcement of environmental regulations. Noncompliance is an extensive problem, one that threatens basic social values and is likely to continue. Alternative market-based approaches are unlikely to have a widespread implementation for years to come, and are unlikely to supplant the need for some third-party enforcement. The author explores the extent to which

Fadil

1985-01-01

127

Attorneys' Fees in Environmental Citizen Suits: Should Prevailing Defendants Recover?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attorneys' fees in environmental citizen suits enable private citizens to enforce environmental legislation. First introduced in the federal Clean Air Act, attorney s fee provisions are now included in virtually all environmental legislation. Without provisions for the award of attorneys' fees, legislation allowing for private citizen enforcement would be practically meaningless. Attorneys' fees provisions typically allow for prevailing parties to

Kerry D Florio

2000-01-01

128

Hyperspectral Environmental Suite (HES) formulation and implementation overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper outlines the requirements, methodologies, and implementation approach for development of the NOAA/NASA GOES-R Hyperspectral Environmental Suite (HES), which is scheduled to fly in the 2012 timeframe. The HES is currently being developed within the framework of the GOES Program to fulfill the future needs and requirements flowed down through the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS). As an integral component of the GOES-R series satellites, HES will provide measurements of the traditional temperature and water vapor vertical profiles with higher accuracy and finer vertical resolution than the current GOES sounder series as well as coastal water properties. HES will have approximately 1500 spectral channels for sounding in this suite, compared to the current GOES Sounder series with its 18 spectral channels, leading to improved vertical resolution and reducing temperature error. HES will also have approximately five times faster coverage rate. As a suite, HES is planned with new capabilities for coastal ocean coverage with the goal of including open ocean coverage. These new planned imaging applications, which will be either multispectral or hyperspectral, will also be discussed. An overview of the HES requirements will be presented along with how these requirements fit into goals and objectives at an Earth Science level, the GOES-R mission level, the spacecraft level, and the instrument suite level and will include an overview of the GOES-R project methodologies for achieving the advanced functional objectives of the GOES Program partnership(s).

Martin, Gene; Comeyne, Gus; Asrar, Ghassem; Paules, Granville; Grigsby, Edward C.; Maxwell, Marvin S.; Criscione, Joe; Coakley, Monica M.; Cauffman, Sandra A.; Davis, Martin A.

2005-01-01

129

THE AGWA – KINEROS2 SUITE OF MODELING TOOLS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A suite of modeling tools ranging from the event-based KINEROS2 flash-flood forecasting tool to the continuous (K2-O2) KINEROS-OPUS biogeochemistry tool. The KINEROS2 flash flood forecasting tool is being tested with the National Weather Service (NEW) is described. Tne NWS version assimilates Dig...

130

A scalability benchmark suite for Erlang\\/OTP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Programming language implementers rely heavily on benchmarking for measuring and understanding performance of algorithms, architectural designs, and trade-offs between alternative implementations of compilers, runtime systems, and virtual machine components. Given this fact, it seems a bit ironic that it is often more difficult to come up with a good benchmark suite than a good implementation of a programming language. This

Stavros Aronis; Nikolaos Papaspyrou; Katerina Roukounaki; Konstantinos Sagonas; Yiannis Tsiouris; Ioannis E. Venetis

2012-01-01

131

Cache Behaviour of the SPEC95 Benchmark Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous cache studies are becoming rather outdated, since theydeal with older benchmarks (such as those in SPEC92) and smallercache configurations than are now feasible. We remedy this situationby performing a battery of cache tests on several interesting programsin the SPEC95 suite. The applications of chief interest to us are thosethat are represent current trends in computing, such as ijpeg, perl

Sanjoy Dasgupta; Edouard Servan-schreiber

1996-01-01

132

Development of Power Assisting Suit for Assisting Nurse Labor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to realize a power assisting suit for assisting a nurse caring a patient in her arm, a hardness sensor of muscle using load cell and a pneumatic rotary actuator utilizing pressure cuffs have been developed. The power assisting suit consists of shoulders, arms, waist and legs made of aluminum, and is fitted on the nurse body. The power assisting suit is originated with the concept of a master and slave system in one body. The arms, waist and legs have the pneumatic rotary actuators. The pneumatic rotary actuators are constructed with pressure cuffs sandwiched between thin plates. The action of the arms, waist and legs of the nurse are sensed with the muscle hardness sensor utilizing load cell with diaphragm mounted on a sensing tip. The dent of the sensing tip corresponds to the hardness of the muscle so that exerting muscle force produces electric signal. This paper gives the design and characteristics of the power assisting suit using the cuff type pneumatic rotary actuators and the muscle hardness sensor verifying its practicability.

Yamamoto, Keijiro; Hyodo, Kazuhito; Ishii, Mineo; Matsuo, Takashi

133

Hyperspectral Environmental Suite (HES) formulation and implementation overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the requirements, methodologies, and implementation approach for development of the NOAA\\/NASA GOES-R Hyperspectral Environmental Suite (HES), which is scheduled to fly in the 2012 timeframe. The HES is currently being developed within the framework of the GOES Program to fulfill the future needs and requirements flowed down through the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS).

Gene Martin; Gus Comeyne; Ghassem Asrar; Granville Paules; Edward C. Grigsby; Marvin S. Maxwell; Joe Criscione; Monica M. Coakley; Sandra A. Cauffman; Martin A. Davis

2005-01-01

134

ANTP Protocol Suite Software Implementation Architecture in Python.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Due to the highly-dynamic nature of airborne telemetry networks, we have developed the ANTP protocol suite consisting of AeroTP, AeroRP, and AeroNP. Having verified these protocols through simulation and analysis, the next step towards deployment of the A...

D. Zhang E. K. Cetinkaya J. P. Sterbenz M. Alenazi S. A. Gogi

2011-01-01

135

Developing Defensive Aids Suite technology on a virtual battlefield  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern anti-tank missiles and the requirement of rapid deployment are limiting the use of passive armour in protecting land vehicles. Vehicle survivability is becoming more dependent on sensors, computers and countermeasures to detect and avoid threats. The integration of various technologies into a Defensive Aids Suite (DAS) can be designed and analyzed by combining field trials and laboratory data with

John L. Rapanotti; Annie DeMontigny-Leboeuf; Marc Palmarini; Andre Cantin

2002-01-01

136

Suit says homeless mission excludes people with HIV.  

PubMed

A lawsuit has been brought against the Pacific Garden Mission homeless shelter in Chicago, alleging that the Federal Fair Housing Act and the Illinois HIV Confidentiality Act have been violated. The shelter currently requires people to take an HIV test as a condition of admission and those who are HIV-positive are denied entry. The suit was brought on behalf of John Doe and others who sought shelter at the mission but were told that they could not stay without getting an HIV test first. The lawsuit cites a 1996 ruling, Woods v. Foster, holding that homeless shelters are dwellings as defined by the Fair Housing Act. John Doe is seeking punitive and compensatory damages. The suit also seeks injunctive relief under the Illinois HIV Confidentiality Act, stating that no person may order an HIV test without written informed consent. PMID:11364724

1997-10-01

137

Two HIV-positive lawyers file suits alleging mistreatment.  

PubMed

Two mistreatment and discrimination lawsuits have been filed by HIV-positive attorneys against their employers. In the first suit, Larry D. Ray, a 16-year employee of the American Bar Association (ABA), asks for $16.6 million for violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), negligence, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. Ray claims that months after notifying his supervisor that he tested positive for HIV antibodies he was put on probation and then fired. In a separate case, Andrew Mead, an 11-year veteran of the San Francisco law firm of Heller, Ehrman, White & McAuliffe, filed a one million dollar suit. Mead claims that he was eased out of his corporate law practice after notifying his supervisors that he was HIV-positive. PMID:11363562

1996-06-14

138

Citizen suits against private industry under the Clean Water Act  

SciTech Connect

Citizens suits against industrial dischargers have become an important way to enforce the Clean Water Act (CWA) since the 1977 amendments were passed. Most of the recent notices of intent to sue were submitted by environmental organizations which reviewed discharge monitoring reports (DMRs) to identify noncomplying companies. A review of legislative history indicates that the most widely debated issue concerns the constitutional requirements and statutory elements of standing to sue. Other aspects of citizen suits are the potential for multiple lawsuits and the awarding of attornies' fees. A respectable body of case law already exists, and if recent notices of intent result in judicial decisions, there will be precedents regarding claims and defenses. 320 references.

Schwartz, R.E.; Hackett, D.P.

1984-01-01

139

Citizen suits against polluters: picking up the pace  

SciTech Connect

Citizen suits can play a role in the enforcement of environmental regulations. Noncompliance is an extensive problem, one that threatens basic social values and is likely to continue. Alternative market-based approaches are unlikely to have a widespread implementation for years to come, and are unlikely to supplant the need for some third-party enforcement. The author explores the extent to which citizen suits are brought and how they can become more effective enforcement devices. While noting the general dearth of citizen enforcement, he also traces the development of the recent upsurge in actions under the Clean Water Act. Specific legal changes will probably not spur large-scale citizen enforcement, but requirements for more comprehensive and comprehensible reports from polluters, a literal construction of diligent prosecution in a court by the courts, and congressional authorization for civil penalties will help.

Fadil, A.

1985-01-01

140

Identification of new members within suites of amphiphilic marine siderophores  

PubMed Central

Marine bacterial isolates Vibrio sp. HC0601C5 and Halomonas meridiana str. HC4321C1 were isolated off the coast of southern California and were found to produce an expanded suite of previously identified amphiphilic siderophores. Specifically two new members of the amphibactin family, amphibactins S and T, which have a C14:1 ?-7 fatty acid and a saturated C12 fatty acid, respectively, were produced by Vibrio sp. HC0601C5. These siderophores are produced in addition to a number of previously described amphibactins and are excreted into the culture supernatant. Two new members of the aquachelin family of siderophores, aquachelins I and J, which have an hydroxylated C12 fatty acid and a saturated C10 fatty acid, respectively, were produced by Halomonas meridiana str. HC4321C1. These four new siderophores are more hydrophilic than their previously reported relatives, aquachelins A–D and the amphibactin suite of siderophores.

Vraspir, Julia M.; Holt, Pamela D.

2011-01-01

141

Linear Analysis and Verification Suite for Edge Turbulence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tokamak edge physics research is becoming increasingly reliant on large-scale plasma simulation. The accuracy and reliability of software codes must be insured through rigorous verification and validation. Kinetic edge physics simulation codes such as those being developed under the ESL and CPES projects could benefit from standardized benchmarks. Measurement of the linear growth rate of unstable modes emerging from a known, established equilibrium configuration provides one of the few quantitative ways of rigorously benchmarking turbulence codes with each other and with a universal standard. The present paper discusses the proposed development of a community-standard suite of edge instability codes for linearized, nonlocal (e.g. separatrix-spanning) modes in axisymmetric (realistic divertor), toroidal geometry. The suite will consist of a new eigenvalue code, as well as the recently revised BOUT code, and will be geared to provide a community-wide benchmarking/verification tool for nonlinear edge plasma simulations. Initial progress will be reported.

Myra, J. R.; D'Ippolito, D. A.; Russell, D. A.; Umansky, M.

2007-11-01

142

Astronaut Bio-Suit for Exploration Class Missions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract A Bio-Suit Systemstands to revolutionizehuman,space exploration by providing enhanced astronaut extravehicular activity (EVA) locomotion and life support based on the,con- cept of providing ,a ‘second skin’ capability ,for astronaut performance. The novel design concept is realized through symbiotic relationships in the areas of wearable tech- nologies; information systems and evolutionary space systems design; and biomedical breakthroughs,in skin ,replacement ,and

Bradley Pitts; Cam Brensinger; Joseph Saleh; Chris Carr; Dava Newman

143

Theory and Design of Microwave-Tube Simulator Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of microwave-tube simulator suite (MTSS) is reported. MTSS is an integrated full-featured software package for microwave-tube analysis and design. It includes a friendly user-interface module and three physics simulators. Microwave-tube design environment is the user-interface module, which provides a powerful solid-modeling front end and graphical and computational postprocessing functionality. Electron optics simulator (EOS) is a fully 3-D finite-element

Bin Li; Zhong Hai Yang; Jian Qing Li; Xiao Fang Zhu; Tao Huang; Quan Hu; Yu Lu Hu; Li Xu; Jun Jian Ma; Li Liao; Li Xiao; Guo Xian He

2009-01-01

144

Enhanced verification test suite for physics simulation codes  

SciTech Connect

This document discusses problems with which to augment, in quantity and in quality, the existing tri-laboratory suite of verification problems used by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The purpose of verification analysis is demonstrate whether the numerical results of the discretization algorithms in physics and engineering simulation codes provide correct solutions of the corresponding continuum equations.

Kamm, James R.; Brock, Jerry S.; Brandon, Scott T.; Cotrell, David L.; Johnson, Bryan; Knupp, Patrick; Rider, William J.; Trucano, Timothy G.; Weirs, V. Gregory

2008-09-01

145

A comprehensive software suite for optical trapping and manipulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a comprehensive laser tweezers software package, comprising the software components for any laser tweezers system. This includes fast hologram generation software, implemented on a graphics card, thereby allowing 100 hundred independently moving traps at video frame rate. The software also includes comprehensive camera suite and image recognition software for multi-particle tracking and analysis. The software is freely available from the authors and online(http://www.physics.gla.ac.uk/Optics/).

Preece, Daryl; Bowman, Richard; Gibson, Graham; Padgett, Miles

2009-08-01

146

The PARSEC benchmark suite: characterization and architectural implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents and characterizes the Princeton Ap- plication Repository for Shared-Memory Computers (PAR- SEC), a benchmark suite for studies of Chip-Multiprocessors (CMPs). Previous available benchmarks for multiproces- sors have focused on high-performance computing applica- tions and used a limited number of synchronization meth- ods. PARSEC includes emerging applications in recogni- tion, mining and synthesis (RMS) as well as systems

Christian Bienia; Sanjeev Kumar; Jaswinder Pal Singh; Kai Li

2008-01-01

147

Diagnostic instrumentation suite for the characterization of two coupled lasers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comprehensive diagnostic instrumentation suite was designed and successfully utilized to characterize the performance parameters from two coupled lasers. The characterization included such standard diagnostic measurements as: absolute and RMS power, polarization, jitter, near-field and far-field irradiance profiles, near-field phase, spectral content, and beam quality. Coupling strength between the two lasers was also measured as well as their mutual coherence, locking range, and the heterodyne frequencies between axial modes in the resonator.

Suter, Kevin J.; Oliver, Jeffrey W.; Cunningham, Philip R.

1991-05-01

148

The Mars Odyssey Gamma-Ray Spectrometer Instrument Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mars Odyssey Gamma-Ray Spectrometer is a suite of three different instruments, a gamma subsystem (GS), a neutron spectrometer,\\u000a and a high-energy neutron detector, working together to collect data that will permit the mapping of elemental concentrations\\u000a on the surface of Mars. The instruments are complimentary in that the neutron instruments have greater sensitivity to low\\u000a amounts of hydrogen, but

W. V. Boynton; W. C. Feldman; I. G. Mitrofanov; L. G. Evans; R. C. Reedy; S. W. Squyres; R. Starr; J. I. Trombka; C. d'Uston; J. R. Arnold; P. A. J. Englert; A. E. Metzger; H. Wänke; J. Brückner; D. M. Drake; C. Shinohara; C. Fellows; D. K. Hamara; K. Harshman; K. Kerry; C. Turner; M. Ward; H. Barthe; K. R. Fuller; S. A. Storms; G. W. Thornton; J. L. Longmire; M. L. Litvak; A. K. Ton'chev

2004-01-01

149

SynBioSS: the synthetic biology modeling suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: SynBioSS is a suite of software for the modeling and simulation of synthetic genetic constructs. SynBioSS utilizes the registry of standard biological parts, a database of kinetic parame- ters, and both graphical and command-line interfaces to multiscale simulation algorithms. Availability: SynBioSS is available under the GNU General Public License at http:\\/\\/synbioss.sourceforge.net.

Anthony D. Hill; Jonathan R. Tomshine; Emma M. B. Weeding; Vassilios Sotiropoulos; Yiannis N. Kaznessis

2008-01-01

150

The Sample Analysis at Mars Investigation and Instrument Suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) investigation of the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) addresses the chemical and isotopic composition of the atmosphere and volatiles extracted from solid samples. The SAM investigation is designed to contribute substantially to the mission goal of quantitatively assessing the habitability of Mars as an essential step in the search for past or present life on Mars. SAM is a 40 kg instrument suite located in the interior of MSL's Curiosity rover. The SAM instruments are a quadrupole mass spectrometer, a tunable laser spectrometer, and a 6-column gas chromatograph all coupled through solid and gas processing systems to provide complementary information on the same samples. The SAM suite is able to measure a suite of light isotopes and to analyze volatiles directly from the atmosphere or thermally released from solid samples. In addition to measurements of simple inorganic compounds and noble gases SAM will conduct a sensitive search for organic compounds with either thermal or chemical extraction from sieved samples delivered by the sample processing system on the Curiosity rover's robotic arm.

Mahaffy, Paul R.; Webster, Christopher R.; Cabane, Michel; Conrad, Pamela G.; Coll, Patrice; Atreya, Sushil K.; Arvey, Robert; Barciniak, Michael; Benna, Mehdi; Bleacher, Lora; Brinckerhoff, William B.; Eigenbrode, Jennifer L.; Carignan, Daniel; Cascia, Mark; Chalmers, Robert A.; Dworkin, Jason P.; Errigo, Therese; Everson, Paula; Franz, Heather; Farley, Rodger; Feng, Steven; Frazier, Gregory; Freissinet, Caroline; Glavin, Daniel P.; Harpold, Daniel N.; Hawk, Douglas; Holmes, Vincent; Johnson, Christopher S.; Jones, Andrea; Jordan, Patrick; Kellogg, James; Lewis, Jesse; Lyness, Eric; Malespin, Charles A.; Martin, David K.; Maurer, John; McAdam, Amy C.; McLennan, Douglas; Nolan, Thomas J.; Noriega, Marvin; Pavlov, Alexander A.; Prats, Benito; Raaen, Eric; Sheinman, Oren; Sheppard, David; Smith, James; Stern, Jennifer C.; Tan, Florence; Trainer, Melissa; Ming, Douglas W.; Morris, Richard V.; Jones, John; Gundersen, Cindy; Steele, Andrew; Wray, James; Botta, Oliver; Leshin, Laurie A.; Owen, Tobias; Battel, Steve; Jakosky, Bruce M.; Manning, Heidi; Squyres, Steven; Navarro-González, Rafael; McKay, Christopher P.; Raulin, Francois; Sternberg, Robert; Buch, Arnaud; Sorensen, Paul; Kline-Schoder, Robert; Coscia, David; Szopa, Cyril; Teinturier, Samuel; Baffes, Curt; Feldman, Jason; Flesch, Greg; Forouhar, Siamak; Garcia, Ray; Keymeulen, Didier; Woodward, Steve; Block, Bruce P.; Arnett, Ken; Miller, Ryan; Edmonson, Charles; Gorevan, Stephen; Mumm, Erik

2012-09-01

151

Reducing children's psychological stress in the operating suite.  

PubMed

Children often experience extremely high levels of psychological stress in the operating suite because of anxiety associated with the separation from their parents, the unfamiliar and intimidating environment, the presence of strangers in unusual attire (masks, caps, and gowns), the act of being forcibly restrained, and the forceful pressing over the mouth and nose of an anesthetic mask that emits a foul-smelling gas and that seems to restrict breathing in a manner reminiscent of suffocation. The recovery room can be very frightening for children because of the separation from parents and the frequently overpowering scene of human injury and suffering. If the personnel in the operating suite are trained in child development, and if they are encouraged to practice elementary "preventive psychiatry" and to use common sense, then the psychological morbidity resulting from the experience in the operating suite can be minimized. Arrangements ought to be made for children undergoing relatively simple and short operations to go to a place different from the "intensive-care" type of recovery room. PMID:3940132

Jones, S T

1985-01-01

152

The F/5 instrumentation suite for the Clay Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The f/5 instrumentation suite for the Clay telescope was developed to provide the Magellan Consortium observer community with wide field optical imaging and multislit NIR spectroscopy capability. The instrument suite consists of several major subsystems including two focal plane instruments. These instruments are Megacam and MMIRS. Megacam is a panoramic, square format CCD mosaic imager, 0.4° on a side. It is instrumented with a full set of Sloan filters. MMIRS is a multislit NIR spectrograph that operates in Y through K band and has long slit and imaging capability as well. These two instruments can operate both at Magellan and the MMT. Megacam requires a wide field refractive corrector and a Topbox to support shutter and filter selection functions, as well as to perform wavefront sensing for primary mirror figure correction. Both the corrector and Topbox designs were modeled on previous designs for MMT, however features of the Magellan telescope required considerable revision of these designs. In this paper we discuss the optomechanical, electrical, software and structural design of these subsystems, as well as operational considerations that attended delivery of the instrument suite to first light.

Szentgyorgyi, A.; McLeod, B.; Fabricant, D.; Fata, R.; Norton, T.; Ordway, M.; Roll, J.; Bergner, H.; Conroy, M.; Curley, D.; Epps, H.; Gauron, T.; Geary, J.; Mueller, M.; Uomoto, A.; Amato, S.; Barberis, J.; Eng, R.; Furesz, G.; Hertz, E.; Hull, C.; McCracken, K.; Nystrom, G.; Osip, D.; Palunas, P.; Perez, F.; Sanchez, F.; Suc, V.; Weaver, D.; Woods, D.

2012-09-01

153

The Diligent Prosecution Bar to Citizen Suits: The Search for Adequate Representation  

Microsoft Academic Search

To ensure that citizen suits assist but do not replace or overshadow government enforcement actions, all environmental statutes which authorize citizen suits bar such suits in certain circumstances. This short Article examines the relatively narrow but important problems created by one such bar, namely the statutory bar on a citizen suit if the federal or state government is “diligently prosecuting”

Peter A Appel

2003-01-01

154

FRHAM-TEX{trademark} cool suit - OST reference No. 1854. Deactivation and decommissioning focus area  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a demonstration project for the FRHAM-TEX Cool Suit{trademark} manufactured by FRHAM Safety Products. It is a one-piece, disposable, breathable, waterproof coverall designed to permit moisture generated by the wearer to be transmitted outside the suit. The performance of this suit was compared to a Tyvek{reg_sign} suit as a baseline. The suit is proposed as safety ware for workers at decontamination and decommissioning projects.

NONE

1998-02-01

155

Biomechanical comparison of the current army chemical, biological and radiological protection suit and two prototype suits. Technical report, October 1984-September 1985  

SciTech Connect

This study compares the biomechanical characteristics of the current U. S. Army CBR suit, Overgarment 84, and two prototypes, C and D, developed by the Naval Surface Warfare Center and the Marine Corps Research and Development Command. This study assessed the range of motion in the three CBR suits using a biomechanical analysis. Fourteen anthropometric measurements were used representing gross body movement. Measurements on each of the CBR suits and on a swim suit baseline were compared using a repeated measure ANOVA to determine which CBR suit was least restrictive as measured by the fourteen movements assessed. While the three CBR suits demonstrated a restriction in movement when compared to baseline measures, neither of the CBR suits differ significantly for each other. Implication of the data are discussed.

Styer, D.J.; Tamura, L.; Pepper, S.; Bachrach, A.J.

1986-12-01

156

Physics Suite Peer Instruction Problems: Oscillations and Waves  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains a series of peer instruction problems on waves and oscillations, designed to be solved in a classroom setting. The problems are presented with a qualitative question (usually multiple choice) that is carefully constructed to engage student difficulties with fundamental concepts. Students consider the problem individually and contribute their answers using personal response systems (clickers). Students then confer with their cooperative groups and vote again on the correct response. Topics covered include superpositioning, graph interpretation, wave velocity, and force related to masses on a spring. This problem set is part of the Physics Suite collection, containing sample problems, peer instruction problems, and alternative homework sets.

Redish, Edward F.

2008-08-11

157

Physics Suite Sample Problems: Circular and Rotational Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page contains a series of problems on the topic of circular and rotational motion developed for use with The Physics Suite, an activity-based learning project. Each problem was designed to help build qualitative understanding of physics and was built around student acquisition of knowledge as observed in recent studies. The problems vary in format and include estimation, context-based reasoning, multiple choice, short answer, qualitative questions, and essay questions. Topics covered include rotational energy, torque, angular momentum, and rotational kinematics. This item is part of a larger collection of problems, in-class questions, and interactive resources developed by the University of Maryland Physics Education Research Group.

Redish, Edward F.

2008-07-18

158

Teaching Physics with the Physics Suite: Sample Problems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page contains a series of introductory physics questions posted in support of the "Teaching Physics with the Physics Suite", an activity-based learning project. Each problem was designed to help build qualitative understanding of physics and was built around results from Physics Education Research. The problems vary in format and include estimation, context-based reasoning, multiple choice, short answer, qualitative questions, and essay questions. This material is part of a larger collection of problems, in-class questions, and interactive resources developed by the University of Maryland Physics Education Research Group.

Redish, Edward F.

2008-07-18

159

The Bazhenovo Suite, a unique natural oil reservoir. [Siberia  

SciTech Connect

In the Mesozoic section of Western Siberia, the oil and gas reservoirs are confined to terrigenous silt-sand formations. The Upper Jurassic bituminous argillites of the Bazhenovo Suite are an exception, and the only clay-argillite reservoir rocks ever discovered. The thickness of the Bazhenovo argillites is comparatively small, varying from 5-10 to 20-40 meters. From these rocks in many areas light, high-quality oil has been obtained, including commercial quantities with maximum yields of more than 370 m/sup 3//day. (JMT)

Trofimuk, A.A.; Karogodin, Y.N.

1982-03-01

160

Physics Suite Peer Instruction Problems: Momentum and Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains a series of peer instruction problems on momentum and energy, designed to be solved in a classroom setting. The problems are presented with a qualitative question (usually multiple choice) that is carefully constructed to engage student difficulties with fundamental concepts. Students consider the problem individually and contribute their answers using personal response systems (clickers). Students then confer with their cooperative groups and vote again on the correct response. Topics covered include elastic collisions, inelastic collisions, impulse, momentum, work-energy theorem, and conservation of energy. This problem set is part of the Physics Suite collection, containing sample problems, peer instruction problems, and alternative homework sets.

Redish, Edward F.

2008-08-11

161

Wireless hydrotherapy smart suit for monitoring handicapped people  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a smart suit, water impermeable, containing sensors and electronics for monitoring handicapped people at hydrotherapy sessions in swimming-pools. For integration into textiles, electronic components should be designed in a functional, robust and inexpensive way. Therefore, small-size electronics microsystems are a promising approach. The smart suit allows the monitoring of individual biometric data, such as heart rate, temperature and movement of the body. Two solutions for transmitting the data wirelessly are presented: through a low-voltage (3.0 V), low-power, CMOS RF IC (1.6 mm x 1.5 mm size dimensions) operating at 433 MHz, with ASK modulation and a patch antenna built on lossy substrates compatible with integrated circuits fabrication. Two different substrates were used for antenna implementation: high-resistivity silicon (HRS) and Corning Pyrex #7740 glass. The antenna prototypes were built to operate close to the 5 GHz ISM band. They operate at a center frequency of 5.705 GHz (HRS) and 5.995 GHz (Pyrex). The studied parameters were: substrate thickness, substrate losses, oxide thickness, metal conductivity and thickness. The antenna on HRS uses an area of 8 mm2, providing a 90 MHz bandwidth and ~0.3 dBi of gain. On a glass substrate, the antenna uses 12 mm2, provides 100 MHz bandwidth and ~3 dBi of gain.

Correia, Jose H.; Mendes, Paulo M.

2005-02-01

162

Enhanced Verification Test Suite for Physics Simulation Codes  

SciTech Connect

This document discusses problems with which to augment, in quantity and in quality, the existing tri-laboratory suite of verification problems used by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The purpose of verification analysis is demonstrate whether the numerical results of the discretization algorithms in physics and engineering simulation codes provide correct solutions of the corresponding continuum equations. The key points of this document are: (1) Verification deals with mathematical correctness of the numerical algorithms in a code, while validation deals with physical correctness of a simulation in a regime of interest. This document is about verification. (2) The current seven-problem Tri-Laboratory Verification Test Suite, which has been used for approximately five years at the DOE WP laboratories, is limited. (3) Both the methodology for and technology used in verification analysis have evolved and been improved since the original test suite was proposed. (4) The proposed test problems are in three basic areas: (a) Hydrodynamics; (b) Transport processes; and (c) Dynamic strength-of-materials. (5) For several of the proposed problems we provide a 'strong sense verification benchmark', consisting of (i) a clear mathematical statement of the problem with sufficient information to run a computer simulation, (ii) an explanation of how the code result and benchmark solution are to be evaluated, and (iii) a description of the acceptance criterion for simulation code results. (6) It is proposed that the set of verification test problems with which any particular code be evaluated include some of the problems described in this document. Analysis of the proposed verification test problems constitutes part of a necessary--but not sufficient--step that builds confidence in physics and engineering simulation codes. More complicated test cases, including physics models of greater sophistication or other physics regimes (e.g., energetic material response, magneto-hydrodynamics), would represent a scientifically desirable complement to the fundamental test cases discussed in this report. The authors believe that this document can be used to enhance the verification analyses undertaken at the DOE WP Laboratories and, thus, to improve the quality, credibility, and usefulness of the simulation codes that are analyzed with these problems.

Kamm, J R; Brock, J S; Brandon, S T; Cotrell, D L; Johnson, B; Knupp, P; Rider, W; Trucano, T; Weirs, V G

2008-10-10

163

75 FR 39014 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9172-4] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...10-cv-0127 (W.D. Wis.). Plaintiff filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2010-07-07

164

75 FR 51267 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9191-2] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...10-292-GPM (S.D. IL). Plaintiff filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2010-08-19

165

77 FR 5518 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL 9627-1] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ACTION...02227-WJM-KLM (D. Colo.). Plaintiff filed this suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2012-02-03

166

75 FR 80809 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9242-4] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...10-cv-0859 (D.D.C.) Plaintiff filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2010-12-23

167

77 FR 48980 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9716-2] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...IL). On August 16, 2011, Plaintiff filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2012-08-15

168

75 FR 9208 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9119-8] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...RJL) (D.D.C.). Plaintiffs filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2010-03-01

169

76 FR 25688 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9301-9] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...cv-01872-RSL (W.D. Wash.). Plaintiffs filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2011-05-05

170

76 FR 12731 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9276-9] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...00877-MCA-RHS (D. NM). Plaintiff filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2011-03-08

171

75 FR 54873 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9199-4] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...cv-02322-RMU (D.D.C.). Plaintiffs filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2010-09-09

172

75 FR 22786 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9143-7] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...09-cv-0751 (W.D. WI). Plaintiff filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2010-04-30

173

76 FR 17416 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9287-3] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...its obligations, Plaintiff has agreed to dismiss this suit with prejudice. For a period of thirty (30) days...

2011-03-29

174

76 FR 45793 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental...lawsuit filed by Concerned Citizens Around Murphy in the...Louisiana: Concerned Citizens Around Murphy v. Jackson...Plaintiff filed a deadline suit to compel the...

2011-08-01

175

76 FR 56756 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9463-3] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...11-cv- 00461 (D. NM). Plaintiff's filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2011-09-14

176

76 FR 56757 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9463-4] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...11-cv-00636 (D.D.C.). Plaintiff's filed a deadline suit to compel the Administrator to respond to an...

2011-09-14

177

Shared snorkel leads to coerced HIV test, suit alleges.  

PubMed

An African-American mother is suing an Illinois clinic and a community center, alleging that they pressured her into having her son tested for HIV and strep throat because he shared a snorkel with a white boy at a public swimming pool. The mother contends that the community center pressured her because the white boy's mother insisted on the tests and threatened to sue the community center. The American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois has accused the community center and the clinic that performed the tests of racially motivated discrimination and violations of the state HIV testing and confidentiality laws. Also named in the suit is the doctor who performed the tests. PMID:11365677

1998-08-21

178

The Winds-Ions-Neutral Composition Suite (WINCS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Winds-Ions-Neutral Composition Suite (WINCS) instrument was designed and developed jointly by the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) for ionosphere-thermosphere investigations in orbit between 120 and 550 km altitude. The three WINCS instruments are: the Wind and Temperature Spectrometer WTS, the Ion-Drift and ion temperature Spectrometer IDS, and the Neutral and Ion Mass Spectrometer NMS/IMS. The WINCS design provides the following measurements in a single package with a low Size, Weight, and Power (SWaP): 7.6 x 7.6 x 7.1 cm outer dimensions, 0.75 kg total mass, and <1 Watt total power: neutral winds, neutral temperature, neutral density, neutral composition, ion drifts, ion temperature, ion density and ion composition. This paper will provide an overview of the WINCS design.

Nicholas, A. C.; Herrero, F.; Finne, T. T.; Jones, H. H.

2010-12-01

179

Touring the Tomato: A Suite of Chemistry Laboratory Experiments.  

PubMed

An eight-session interdisciplinary laboratory curriculum has been designed using a suite of analytical chemistry techniques to study biomaterials derived from an inexpensive source such as the tomato fruit. A logical progression of research-inspired laboratory modules serves to "tour" the macroscopic characteristics of the fruit and the submicroscopic properties of its constituent cuticular biopolymers by atomic force microscopy (AFM), UV-visible, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods at increasingly detailed molecular levels. The modular curriculum can be tailored for specialty undergraduate courses or summer high school workshops. By applying analytical tools to investigate biopolymers, making connections between molecular and microscale structure, and linking both structural regimes to the functional properties of natural polymers, groundwork is established for further student investigations at the interface of chemistry with biology or chemical engineering. PMID:23526490

Sarkar, Sayantani; Chatterjee, Subhasish; Medina, Nancy; Stark, Ruth E

2012-12-14

180

Nutrient, waste management, and hygiene systems for chemical protective suits.  

PubMed

Current United States military chemical protective ensembles do not provide for feeding, removing body wastes, or ensuring the hygiene of troops operating in a contaminated environment. As part of a nuclear-biological-chemical life support demonstration program, systems were developed to provide these capabilities. The nutrient system consisted of foods packaged in tube dispensers and a delivery system compatible with North Atlantic Treaty Organization respirators. The waste management/hygiene systems consisted of waste collection and hygiene items incorporated into a retractable-arm suit design with integrated airlock. A field demonstration of the systems resulted in successful use by armored vehicle personnel, high, positive user feedback, and only minor functional problems. PMID:2057069

Cardello, A V; Darsch, G; Fitzgerald, C; Gleason, S D; Teixeira, R

1991-05-01

181

Linear Analysis and Verification Suite for Edge Turbulence  

SciTech Connect

The edge and scrape-off-layer region of a tokamak plasma is subject to well known resistive and ideal instabilities that are driven by various curvature- and sheath-related mechanisms. While the boundary plasma is typically strongly turbulent in experiments, it is useful to have computational tools that can analyze the linear eigenmode structure, predict quantitative trends in growth rates and elucidate and the underlying drive mechanisms. Furthermore, measurement of the linear growth rate of unstable modes emerging from a known, established equilibrium configuration provides one of the few quantitative ways of rigorously benchmarking large-scale plasma turbulence codes with each other and with a universal standard. In this report, a suite of codes that can describe linearized, nonlocal (e.g. separatrix-spanning) modes in axisymmetric (realistic divertor), toroidal geometry is discussed. Examples of several benchmark comparisons are given, and future development plans for a new eigenvalue edge code are presented.

Myra, J R; Umansky, M

2008-04-24

182

An instrument suite for the European spallation source  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The proposed European Spallation Source, with a target power of 5 MW, will exceed the neutron production rate of present sources by a factor of 30 and have a time-averaged flux which equals that of the world's leading reactor facilities. The use of the pulse brightness will mean that data rates up to a factor of one thousand higher than are currently available, will be attainable on many instruments, opening up significant new opportunities for scientific research using neutron scattering. A set of instruments is proposed which forms a reference set for planning purposes, for simulation studies and to define R&D needs. The instrument suite will be continually upgraded as new developments in techniques are incorporated.

Carlile, C. J.

1999-05-01

183

User antitrust suit alleges utility cabal limits buy-back  

SciTech Connect

An antitrust suit against 90 Georgia electric utilities, charging that their monopoly of retail electricity sales should not preclude cogenerators and small power producers from selling surplus power to utilities elsewhere on the network, could set a national precedent allowing cogenerators to shop around for the best buy-back rate. Greensboro Lumber Co. charges that the utilities' refusal to wheel cogenerated power to potential purchasers represents a restraint of trade. The lumber company contends that cogenerators should sell to the wholesale market, where utilities have no state-granted monopoly. Attorneys for the two sides are unsure of the immediate outcome, but predict that antitrust action or threatened action could give cogenerators unfair leverage.

Efron, S.

1984-10-15

184

Physics Suite Thinking Problems: Heat, Temperature, and Thermodynamics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page contains a series of problems on the topic of heat and thermodynamics developed for use with The Physics Suite, an activity-based learning project. Each problem was designed to help build qualitative understanding of physics and was built around student acquisition of knowledge as observed in recent studies. The problems vary in format and include estimation, context-based reasoning, multiple choice, short answer, qualitative questions, and essay questions. The topics include specific heat, intensive and extensive variables, energy and heat, and the relationship between kinetic energy and temperature. This item is part of a larger collection of problems, in-class questions, and interactive resources developed by the University of Maryland Physics Education Research Group.

Redish, Edward F.

2008-07-22

185

An overview of suite for automated global electronic biosurveillance (SAGES)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public health surveillance is undergoing a revolution driven by advances in the field of information technology. Many countries have experienced vast improvements in the collection, ingestion, analysis, visualization, and dissemination of public health data. Resource-limited countries have lagged behind due to challenges in information technology infrastructure, public health resources, and the costs of proprietary software. The Suite for Automated Global Electronic bioSurveillance (SAGES) is a collection of modular, flexible, freely-available software tools for electronic disease surveillance in resource-limited settings. One or more SAGES tools may be used in concert with existing surveillance applications or the SAGES tools may be used en masse for an end-to-end biosurveillance capability. This flexibility allows for the development of an inexpensive, customized, and sustainable disease surveillance system. The ability to rapidly assess anomalous disease activity may lead to more efficient use of limited resources and better compliance with World Health Organization International Health Regulations.

Lewis, Sheri L.; Feighner, Brian H.; Loschen, Wayne A.; Wojcik, Richard A.; Skora, Joseph F.; Coberly, Jacqueline S.; Blazes, David L.

2012-05-01

186

Mafic rocks of the Adirondack Highlands: One suite or many  

SciTech Connect

Mafic rocks in the granulite facies terrane of the Adirondack Highlands form at least 3 and possibly as many as 6 groups, based on field, petrographic, and geochemical criteria. Most abundant is the olivine metagabbro-amphibolite group (OMA), equivalent to the mafic suite'' of Olson (J. Petrol. 33:471, 1992). OMA occurs in irregular to tabular bodies, locally with intrusive relations, in all major rock types in the E and central Highlands. OMA is strongly olivine normative and forms a continuous differentiation series (Olson, 1992). Plagioclase-two pyroxene-garnet granulites (PGG) form dikes up to several m wide, in anorthositic host rocks. PGG are ferrogabbroic or ferrodioritic and approximately silica saturated. Two subgroups differ sharply in Mg, P, and trace elements. Ferrodiorite and monzodiorite gneisses (FMG), quartz normative and commonly migmatitic, occur in several large bodies in the NE Highlands and as extensive thin sheets in the W and SE Highlands, in association with anorthositic rocks. Three subgroups are distinguishable using Mg/Fe ratios and trace elements. Major element least-squares modeling suggests that both PGG and FMG could be derived by fractionation of gabbroic anorthosite liquids. A differentiation series is not evident, however, and both trace element (Ba, Rb, Sr, Zr and REE) data and normative plagioclase (An [>=] plag. in anorthosite) indicate a more complex origin. One subgroup of FMG may be early cumulates of the mangerite-charnockite suite. The chemistry of OMA, PGG, and FMG reflects their evolved nature and cannot be readily interpreted in terms of magma sources.

Whitney, P.R. (Geological Survey, Albany, NY (United States). New York State Museum)

1993-03-01

187

Active Learning Suite: Simulation-Based E-learning Tools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Active Learning Suite (ALSuite) is a highly interactive simulation-based online learning system for SMET education and corporate training. It uses real-life situations and objects, such as those related to the home, automobiles, sports, and telecommunications as the context for science and technology investigations. ALSuite is comprised of Simulations, Virtual Experiments, Interactive Lessons, a scriptable and animated Instructor's Assistant, assessment, authoring and ancillary tools, and more. The current version of Active Learning Suite includes the following modules: Thermodynamics Fluid Mechanics Mobile Telephony Wired Telephony Golf Mechanics Fiber Optics Fundamentals of Wireless Communications The problems and virtual experiments in ALSuite are designed to challenge learners to develop effective problem-solving and critical thinking skills. This enables the learner to discover the connections between scientific theory and concepts and their practical applications in technology. ALSuite helps teachers meld advanced emerging technologies with science and inquiry content, processes, and skills to meet the National and State Science Education Standards, and the Benchmarks for Science Literacy.The ALSuite software implements technologies that can provide instructional opportunities in many ways, whether at a campus/school (traditional teaching), at home (warm-ups, post-class tasks, or self-learning), or through distance learning. ALSuite is intended for problem-based learning and "learning-by-doing," however, it can facilitate more traditional learning and teaching strategies as well.Educational software resources for thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, telecommunications, fiber optics, cellular/mobile phone, and wireless fundamentals curricula. As well as for introductory physics and principles of technology.

2009-11-04

188

A suite of RS/1 procedures for chemical laboratory statistical quality control and Shewhart control charting  

SciTech Connect

A suite of RS/1 procedures for Shewhart control charting in chemical laboratories is described. The suite uses the RS series product QCA (Quality Control Analysis) for chart construction and analysis. The suite prompts users for data in a user friendly fashion and adds the data to or creates the control charts. All activities are time stamped. Facilities for generating monthly or contiguous time segment summary charts are included. The suite is currently in use at Westinghouse Savannah River Company.

Shanahan, K.L.

1990-09-01

189

Revolutionary Design for Astronaut Exploration - Beyond the Bio-Suit System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bio-Suit System is designed to revolutionize human space exploration by providing enhanced astronaut extravehicular activity (EVA) locomotion and performance based on the concepts of a `second skin' capability. The novel Bio-Suit concept provides an overall exploration system realized through symbiotic relationships between a suite of advanced technologies, creative design, human modeling and analysis, and new mission operations techniques. By

Dava J. Newman; Marita Canina; Guillermo L. Trotti

2007-01-01

190

Revolutionary Design for Astronaut Exploration — Beyond the Bio-Suit System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bio-Suit System is designed to revolutionize human space exploration by providing enhanced astronaut extravehicular activity (EVA) locomotion and performance based on the concepts of a ‘second skin’ capability. The novel Bio-Suit concept provides an overall exploration system realized through symbiotic relationships between a suite of advanced technologies, creative design, human modeling and analysis, and new mission operations techniques. By

Dava J. Newman; Marita Canina; Guillermo L. Trotti

2007-01-01

191

Mechanisms for the Depletion of Chromium in Mg-Suite Parental Magmas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cr in olivine from the lunar Mg-suite is much lower than what would be expected if early magma ocean cumulates are the Mg-suite source rocks. We explore mechanisms by which early LMO cumulates or Mg-suite parental magmas could be depleted in Cr.

Elardo, S. M.; McCubbin, F. M.; Shearer, C. K.; Draper, D. S.

2011-03-01

192

A Program Extractor Suite for C and C++: Choosing the Right Tool for the Job  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes a suite of program extractors which we developed by adopt- ing and extending existing program parsing and extraction techniques or tools. This suite is called CX because it is mainly targeted at extracting facts from C and C++ programs. This suite is currently composed of four extractors: CPPX, BFX, LDX and CTSX. The main goal of creating

Jingwei Wu; Richard Holt

193

Docear: an academic literature suite for searching, organizing and creating academic literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this demonstration-paper we introduce Docear, an 'academic literature suite'. Docear offers to scientists what an office suite like Microsoft Office offers to office workers. While an office suite bundles various applications for office workers (word processing, spreadsheets, presentation software, etc.), Docear bundles several applications for scientists: academic search engine, PDF reader, reference manager, word processor, mind mapping module, and

Joeran Beel; Bela Gipp; Stefan Langer; Marcel Genzmehr

2011-01-01

194

Region-suited geography playing card deck with main information and place-filler suit cards; a companion deck; and games  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

This invention comprises a method for teaching/learning about the general location of major political units of contemporary society using a series of sets of decks of geography playing cards; each set of decks comprises a world regions deck, a suited country card deck, an unsuited country card deck and a blotswanna card deck. The world regions card deck represents contemporary settled earth and comprises a plurality of continental landmass area suits and a plurality of region cards. Each suited country card deck represents one continental area and comprises a plurality of region suits and a plurality of political unit or country cards. Each unsuited country card deck also represents one continental area and comprises a plurality of political unit or country cards. World regions and country card decks provide three different, and increasing, levels of card play difficulty. A blotswanna card deck comprises a plurality of cards, as well, and is used to structure the card play of regions and country card decks. Blotswanna cards structure use by mandating player compilation of a particular combination of cards from a deck and assigning varying point values to mandate achievement, from hand-to-hand of play. The blotswanna card deck, thus, structures learning and heightens excitement. Other novel features include improved directional-suit configurations and improved directional-suit naming conventions. Use of place-filler cards in country card decks enables development of locational suited decks wherein the suits of a deck have identical numbers of suit cards. Identical numbers of suit cards facilitate the play of adaptations of a number of popular card games. A card game developed for use with the invention and a version of the invention for use by young children are also included.

1999-07-27

195

Geocronologia K-Ar do enxame de diques basicos da parte meridional do craton do Sao Francisco e implicacoes no contexto geotectonico. (K-Ar geochronology of mafic dyke swarms from the meridional part of Sao Francisco craton and implications on tectonic context).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The southern region of Sao Francisco Craton is made up of gneissic-granitoid terranes (mainly of amphibolite facies) associated with supracrustals, which can be separated into two crustal provinces, formed during the Archean (3-2-2.6 Ga.) and during the E...

W. Teixeira K. Kawashita M. Pecchio N. R. Tame

1988-01-01

196

California court says disability benefits do not preclude suit.  

PubMed

A California appeals court reversed a lower court decision barring a worker from pursuing an HIV discrimination claim against his employer. Andrew Bell claims that Wells Fargo violated California's Fair Employment and Housing Act when it rescinded accommodations that the bank had made earlier for HIV-related medical needs. The accommodations included a compressed work week and one day of telecommuting per week, which Bell performed well enough to earn a promotion. With a change in management, the accommodations were canceled, ostensibly to control costs. The lower court ruled that Bell was barred from suing his former employer because of statements on his disability insurance application. However, the appeals court ruled that Bell's statements on the form were honest and did not preclude him from future litigation. Myron Quon, an attorney with Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund in Los Angeles, noted that Bell's deft handling of the questions was vital to the success of the suit. Bell had made comments and notations on the form, rather than just checking the appropriate yes or no boxes, and noted that he could return to work with a reasonable accommodation. Others applying for disability are cautioned to do the same to preserve their legal rights. PMID:11365322

1998-05-01

197

BEDTools: a flexible suite of utilities for comparing genomic features  

PubMed Central

Motivation: Testing for correlations between different sets of genomic features is a fundamental task in genomics research. However, searching for overlaps between features with existing web-based methods is complicated by the massive datasets that are routinely produced with current sequencing technologies. Fast and flexible tools are therefore required to ask complex questions of these data in an efficient manner. Results: This article introduces a new software suite for the comparison, manipulation and annotation of genomic features in Browser Extensible Data (BED) and General Feature Format (GFF) format. BEDTools also supports the comparison of sequence alignments in BAM format to both BED and GFF features. The tools are extremely efficient and allow the user to compare large datasets (e.g. next-generation sequencing data) with both public and custom genome annotation tracks. BEDTools can be combined with one another as well as with standard UNIX commands, thus facilitating routine genomics tasks as well as pipelines that can quickly answer intricate questions of large genomic datasets. Availability and implementation: BEDTools was written in C++. Source code and a comprehensive user manual are freely available at http://code.google.com/p/bedtools Contact: aaronquinlan@gmail.com; imh4y@virginia.edu Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Quinlan, Aaron R.; Hall, Ira M.

2010-01-01

198

A modular suite of hardware enabling spaceflight cell culture research.  

PubMed

BioServe Space Technologies, a NASA Research Partnership Center (RPC), has developed and operated various middeck payloads launched on 23 shuttle missions since 1991 in support of commercial space biotechnology projects. Modular cell culture systems are contained within the Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGBA) suite of flight-qualified hardware, compatible with Space Shuttle, SPACEHAB, Spacelab and International Space Station (ISS) EXPRESS Rack interfaces. As part of the CGBA family, the Isothermal Containment Module (ICM) incubator provides thermal control, data acquisition and experiment manipulation capabilities, including accelerometer launch detection for automated activation and thermal profiling for culture incubation and sample preservation. The ICM can accommodate up to 8 individually controlled temperature zones. Command and telemetry capabilities allow real-time downlink of data and video permitting remote payload operation and ground control synchronization. Individual cell culture experiments can be accommodated in a variety of devices ranging from 'microgravity test tubes' or standard 100 mm Petri dishes, to complex, fed-batch bioreactors with automated culture feeding, waste removal and multiple sample draws. Up to 3 levels of containment can be achieved for chemical fixative addition, and passive gas exchange can be provided through hydrophobic membranes. Many additional options exist for designing customized hardware depending on specific science requirements. PMID:16145798

Hoehn, Alexander; Klaus, David M; Stodieck, Louis S

2004-03-01

199

Background data collection suite for atmospheric remote sensing applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In developing algorithms for remote sensing of chemical and biological warfare agents, it is imperative to have a good understanding of the background radiance signal and environmental characteristics that influence detection. Factors such as thermal contrast, interferent atmospheric constituents, spatial clutter, and temporal variations should all be investigated for both the development and performance modeling of field sensors. To aid in the investigation of these topics as well as to provide data for current simulation tools, JHU/APL has constructed an automated data collection suite capable of simultaneous radiometric measurements in the longwave IR (8?m - 12?m) and midwave IR (3?m - 5?m) while also measuring a host of relevant atmospheric parameters. The primary radiometric sensor, an ABB Bomem MR304, is mounted on a pan/tilt system that is used to scan regions of interest while periodically generating calibration data. This paper describes the system design requirements, specifications of the individual components, and the overall system performance. In addition, data from field exercises are presented.

Lazarevich, A. K.; Oursler, D. A.; Baldwin, K. C.

2006-06-01

200

20 CFR 30.615 - What type of tort suits filed against beryllium vendors or atomic weapons employers may...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What type of tort suits filed against beryllium vendors or atomic weapons employers...Provisions Effect of Tort Suits Against Beryllium Vendors and Atomic Weapons Employers...What type of tort suits filed against beryllium vendors or atomic weapons...

2010-04-01

201

20 CFR 30.615 - What type of tort suits filed against beryllium vendors or atomic weapons employers may...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What type of tort suits filed against beryllium vendors or atomic weapons employers...Provisions Effect of Tort Suits Against Beryllium Vendors and Atomic Weapons Employers...What type of tort suits filed against beryllium vendors or atomic weapons...

2009-04-01

202

20 CFR 30.615 - What type of tort suits filed against beryllium vendors or atomic weapons employers may...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What type of tort suits filed against beryllium vendors or atomic weapons employers...Provisions Effect of Tort Suits Against Beryllium Vendors and Atomic Weapons Employers...What type of tort suits filed against beryllium vendors or atomic weapons...

2013-04-01

203

Species Differentiation of a Diverse Suite of Bacillus Spores by Mass Spectrometry-Based Protein Profiling  

PubMed Central

In this study, we demonstrate the versatility of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) protein profiling for the species differentiation of a diverse suite of Bacillus spores. MALDI-TOFMS protein profiles of 11 different strains of Bacillus spores, encompassing nine different species, were evaluated. Bacillus species selected for MALDI-TOFMS analysis represented the spore-forming bacterial diversity of typical class 100K clean room spacecraft assembly facilities. A one-step sample treatment and MALDI-TOFMS preparation were used to minimize the sample preparation time. A library of MALDI-TOFMS spectra was created from these nine Bacillus species, the most diverse protein profiling study of the genus reported to date. Linear correlation analysis was used to successfully differentiate the MALDI-TOFMS protein profiles from all strains evaluated in this study. The MALDI-TOFMS protein profiles were compared with 16S rDNA sequences for their bacterial systematics and molecular phylogenetic affiliations. The MALDI-TOFMS profiles were found to be complementary to the 16S rDNA analysis. Proteomic studies of Bacillus subtilis 168 were pursued to identify proteins represented by the biomarker peaks in the MALDI-TOFMS spectrum. Four small, acid-soluble proteins (A, B, C, and D), one DNA binding protein, hypothetical protein ymf J, and four proteins associated with the spore coat and spore coat formation (coat JB, coat F, coat T, and spoIVA) were identified. The ability to visualize higher-molecular-mass coat proteins (10 to 25 kDa) as well as smaller proteins (<10 kDa) with MALDI-TOFMS profiling is critical for the complete and effective species differentiation of the Bacillus genus.

Dickinson, Danielle N.; La Duc, Myron T.; Haskins, William E.; Gornushkin, Igor; Winefordner, James D.; Powell, David H.; Venkateswaran, Kasthuri

2004-01-01

204

PROSESS: a protein structure evaluation suite and server.  

PubMed

PROSESS (PROtein Structure Evaluation Suite and Server) is a web server designed to evaluate and validate protein structures generated by X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy or computational modeling. While many structure evaluation packages have been developed over the past 20 years, PROSESS is unique in its comprehensiveness, its capacity to evaluate X-ray, NMR and predicted structures as well as its ability to evaluate a variety of experimental NMR data. PROSESS integrates a variety of previously developed, well-known and thoroughly tested methods to evaluate both global and residue specific: (i) covalent and geometric quality; (ii) non-bonded/packing quality; (iii) torsion angle quality; (iv) chemical shift quality and (v) NOE quality. In particular, PROSESS uses VADAR for coordinate, packing, H-bond, secondary structure and geometric analysis, GeNMR for calculating folding, threading and solvent energetics, ShiftX for calculating chemical shift correlations, RCI for correlating structure mobility to chemical shift and PREDITOR for calculating torsion angle-chemical shifts agreement. PROSESS also incorporates several other programs including MolProbity to assess atomic clashes, Xplor-NIH to identify and quantify NOE restraint violations and NAMD to assess structure energetics. PROSESS produces detailed tables, explanations, structural images and graphs that summarize the results and compare them to values observed in high-quality or high-resolution protein structures. Using a simplified red-amber-green coloring scheme PROSESS also alerts users about both general and residue-specific structural problems. PROSESS is intended to serve as a tool that can be used by structure biologists as well as database curators to assess and validate newly determined protein structures. PROSESS is freely available at http://www.prosess.ca. PMID:20460469

Berjanskii, Mark; Liang, Yongjie; Zhou, Jianjun; Tang, Peter; Stothard, Paul; Zhou, You; Cruz, Joseph; MacDonell, Cam; Lin, Guohui; Lu, Paul; Wishart, David S

2010-05-11

205

EXOFAST: A Fast Exoplanetary Fitting Suite in IDL  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present EXOFAST, a fast, robust suite of routines written in IDL that is designed to fit exoplanetary transits and radial velocity variations simultaneously or separately and characterize the parameter uncertainties and covariances with a differential evolution Markov chain Monte Carlo method. We describe how our code incorporates both data sets to derive simultaneously stellar parameters along with the transit and RV parameters, resulting in more self-consistent results on an example fit of the discovery data of HAT-P-3b that is well-mixed in under 5 minutes on a standard desktop computer. We describe in detail how our code works and outline ways in which the code can be extended to include additional effects or generalized for the characterization of other data sets - including non-planetary data sets. We discuss the pros and cons of several common ways to parameterize eccentricity, highlight a subtle mistake in the implementation of MCMC that could bias the inferred eccentricity of intrinsically circular orbits to significantly non-zero results, discuss a problem with IDL''s built-in random number generator in its application to large MCMC fits, and derive a method to analytically fit the linear and quadratic limb darkening coefficients of a planetary transit. Finally, we explain how we achieved improved accuracy and over a factor of 100 improvement in the execution time of the transit model calculation. Our entire source code, along with an easy-to-use online interface for several basic features of our transit and radial velocity fitting, are available online at http://astroutils.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/exofast.

Eastman, Jason; Gaudi, B. Scott; Agol, Eric

2013-01-01

206

Micro flame-based detector suite for universal gas sensing.  

SciTech Connect

A microflame-based detector suit has been developed for sensing of a broad range of chemical analytes. This detector combines calorimetry, flame ionization detection (FID), nitrogen-phosphorous detection (NPD) and flame photometric detection (FPD) modes into one convenient platform based on a microcombustor. The microcombustor consists in a micromachined microhotplate with a catalyst or low-work function material added to its surface. For the NPD mode a low work function material selectively ionizes chemical analytes; for all other modes a supported catalyst such as platinum/alumina is used. The microcombustor design permits rapid, efficient heating of the deposited film at low power. To perform calorimetric detection of analytes, the change in power required to maintain the resistive microhotplate heater at a constant temperature is measured. For FID and NPD modes, electrodes are placed around the microcombustor flame zone and an electrometer circuit measures the production of ions. For FPD, the flame zone is optically interrogated to search for light emission indicative of deexcitation of flame-produced analyte compounds. The calorimetric and FID modes respond generally to all hydrocarbons, while sulfur compounds only alarm in the calorimetric mode, providing speciation. The NPD mode provides 10,000:1 selectivity of nitrogen and phosphorous compounds over hydrocarbons. The FPD can distinguish between sulfur and phosphorous compounds. Importantly all detection modes can be established on one convenient microcombustor platform, in fact the calorimetric, FID and FPD modes can be achieved simultaneously on only one microcombustor. Therefore, it is possible to make a very universal chemical detector array with as little as two microcombustor elements. A demonstration of the performance of the microcombustor in each of the detection modes is provided herein.

Hamilton, Thomas Warren; Washburn, Cody M.; Moorman, Matthew Wallace; Manley, Robert George; Lewis, Patrick Raymond; Miller, James Edward; Clem, Paul Gilbert; Shelmidine, Gregory J.; Manginell, Ronald Paul; Okandan, Murat

2005-11-01

207

Characterization of a lower-body exoskeleton for simulation of space-suited locomotion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a previous analysis of suited and unsuited locomotion energetics, we found evidence that space suits act as springs during running. Video images from the lunar surface suggest that knee torques create, in large part, this spring effect. We hypothesized that a lower-body exoskeleton, properly constructed, could be used to simulate the knee torques of a range of space suits. Here we report characterization of a lower-body exoskeleton. Equivalent spring stiffness of each exoskeleton leg varies as a function of exoskeleton knee angle and load, and the exoskeleton joint-torque relationship closely matches the current NASA space suit, or Extravehicular Mobility Unit, knee torques in form and magnitude. We have built an exoskeleton with two physical non-linear springs, which achieve space-suit like joint-torques. Therefore space-suit legs act as springs, with this effect most pronounced when locomotion requires large changes in knee flexion such as during running.

Carr, Christopher E.; Newman, Dava J.

2008-02-01

208

Anti-G suit pressure-how much is just right?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The early development of anti-G suits and G-valves is reviewed, as well as contemporary research on advanced anti-G protection systems. The classic works of E. Wood, G. Hallenbeck, and others in the 1940s resulted in the basic anti-G-suit and inflation schedules still in use in the USAF. The standard mechanical G-valve senses the Gz level and regulates G-suit pressure in

JOHN W. FRAZIER; T. Gordon; L. J. Meeker

1988-01-01

209

Minimal Social Weight User Interactions for Wearable Computers in Business Suits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the e-SUIT, a wearable computer incorporated in a traditional business suit. A key feature of the system is an array of input\\/output devices integrated into the garment. These devices are connected to a network bus incorporated into the suit jacket. The network connects the jackets sensors and I\\/O with a Compaq iPAQ? operating Windows CE. The iPAQ

Aaron Toney; Barrie Mulley; Bruce H. Thomas; Wayne Piekarski

2002-01-01

210

The 1990 Amendments and Section 304: The specter of increased citizen suit enforcement  

SciTech Connect

Until the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, CAA citizen suits have been few in number, due at least in part to differences in compliance reporting and the availability of civil penalties. However the Amendments dramatically changed this situation by making proof of non-compliance far easier and enabling private plaintiffs to seek civil penalty relief. This article discusses in detail the following topics: impact of the 1990 Amendments on citizen suits; recent decisions on standing in citizen suit litigation; attorneys` fees.

DuBoff, S.M. [Winston & Strawn, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31

211

NSA Suite B and its significance for non-USA organisations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2005 the US security authority NSA published a catalog of cryptographic methods to serve as the basis for the modernisation of the national cryptographic technology in the USA. The catalog is known by the name “Suite B” and has also generated great interest far beyond the borders of the USA. Suite B could exert appreciable influence on the application of cryptography for years to come. This paper covers the significance of Suite B for European organisations.

Schmeh, Klaus

212

Development of an advanced rocket propellant handler's suit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most launch vehicles and satellites in the US inventory rely upon the use of hypergolic rocket propellants, many of which are toxic to humans. These fuels and oxidizers, such as hydrazine and nitrogen tetroxide have threshold limit values as low as 0.01 PPM. It is essential to provide space workers handling these agents whole body protection as they are universally hazardous not only to the respiratory system, but the skin as well. This paper describes a new method for powering a whole body protective garment to assure the safety of ground servicing crews. A new technology has been developed through the small business innovative research program at the Kennedy Space Center. Currently, liquid air is used in the environmental control unit (ECU) that powers the propellant handlers suit (PHE). However, liquid air exhibits problems with attitude dependence, oxygen enrichment, and difficulty with reliable quantity measurement. The new technology employs the storage of the supply air as a supercritical gas. This method of air storage overcomes all of three problems above while maintaining high density storage at relatively low vessel pressures (<7000 kPa or ˜1000 psi). A one hour prototype ECU was developed and tested to prove the feasibility of this concept. This was upgraded by the design of a larger supercritical dewar capable of holding 7 Kg of air, a supply which provides a 2 hour duration to the PHE. A third version is being developed to test the feasibility of replacing existing air cooling methodology with a liquid cooled garment for relief of heat stress in this warm Florida environment. Testing of the first one hour prototype yielded data comprobable to the liquid air powered predecessor, but enjoyed advantages of attitude independence and oxygen level stability. Thermal data revealed heat stress relief at least as good as liquid air supplied units. The application of supercritical air technology to this whole body protective ensemble marked an advancement in the state-of-the-art in personal protective equipment. Not only was long duration environmental control provided, but it was done without a high pressure vessel. The unit met human performance needs for attitude independence, oxygen stability, and relief of heat stress. This supercritical air (and oxygen) technology is suggested for microgravity applications in life support such as the Extravehicular Mobility Unit.

Doerr, DonaldF.

2001-08-01

213

MR PRISM: a software suite for CRISM analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Last year at this meeting we described a computer application (Brown and Storrie-Lombardi, 2006), the Mars Reconnaissance PRISM or MR PRISM, designed to analyze hyperspectral data collected by the Compact Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM). The application links the spectral, imaging and mapping perspectives on the CRISM dataset by presenting the user with three different ways to analyze the data. At this time last year, CRISM was still in calibration mode and we presented data from ESA's OMEGA instrument to demonstrate the functionality of MR CRISM. A primary goal in developing this application is to make the latest algorithms for detection of spectrally interesting targets available to the Planetary Science community without cost to the individual investigator and with a minimal learning barrier. This would enable the community to look for Mars surface targets such as ices, hydrothermal minerals, sulfate minerals and hydrous minerals and map the extent of these deposits. The CRISM team has now provided significant data sets to our community. We have used one such data set to conduct a study on an exposed water ice mound. We review here our results on observations made of a ~36km diameter crater, recently named Louth, in the north polar region of Mars (at 70°N, 103.2°E). High-resolution imagery from the instruments on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft were used to map a 15km diameter water ice deposit in the center of the crater. The water ice mound has surface features that include roughened ice textures and layering similar to that found in the North Polar Layered Deposits. We describe the data analysis process including detection and mapping of hydroxyl mineral signatures using the MR PRISM software suite. MR PRISM is currently in the prototyping stage. Future additions planned include a Bayesian analysis engine, the capacity to handle atmospheric correction routines provided by the CRISM team, the ability to display MOC, THEMIS and HiRISE data and eventually the ability to run on a distributed network to speed up processing of large image cubes. When the software is released to the general community, we hope its embedded scripting language, 'Groovy', will make it the 'front end' for many more sophisticated algorithms from all branches of Mars research.

Brown, Adrian J.; Storrie-Lombardi, Michael

2007-10-01

214

76 FR 54465 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9458-3] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement; request for...

2011-09-01

215

76 FR 71027 - Proposed Settlement Agreements, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

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2011-11-16

216

75 FR 16461 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9133-3] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement; Request for...

2010-04-01

217

77 FR 19013 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

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2012-03-29

218

77 FR 56840 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

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2012-09-14

219

75 FR 24947 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

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2010-05-06

220

75 FR 82392 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

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2010-12-30

221

75 FR 75672 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

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2010-12-06

222

77 FR 50506 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL 9719-8] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreement; Request for...

2012-08-21

223

76 FR 58507 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9468-6] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement; Request for...

2011-09-21

224

76 FR 81930 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9614-3] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement; request for...

2011-12-29

225

MECHANICAL COUNTER PRESSURE SPACE SUITS: ADVANTAGES, LIMITATIONS AND CONCEPTS FOR MARTIAN EXPLORATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas-pressurised space suits have been highly effect ive as a life support system, but are a severe hindrance to astronaut function and capabili ty. They are rigid, heavy, bulky, costly, leaky, and require high maintenance due to the comp lexity of constant volume joints and associated bearings and restraint layers. For futu re planetary exploration, revolutionary suit designs must be

James M. A. Waldie

226

The Clean Air Act: Citizen Suits, Attorneys' Fees, and the Separate Public Interest Requirement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clean Air Act (CAA) authorizes citizen suits and empowers courts reviewing these suits to award attorneys’ fees whenever appropriate. For some courts, awarding attorneys’ fees to a CAA citizen plaintiff is appropriate whenever a plaintiff achieves some success on the merits. Other courts hold that such awards are appropriate only when the citizen plaintiff has served the public interest

Matthew Burrows

2009-01-01

227

Common Law Preclusion and Environmental Citizen Suits: Are Citizen Groups Losing Their Standing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The citizen suit provision of the Clean Air Act (CAA) gives standing to citizen groups to bring suits against private actors for violations of the Act. Congress and the courts have established limitations on a citizen’s ability to bring a claim. These include notification of intent to file, a bar when the EPA or state has already “commenced and is

Alexis E. Applegate

2012-01-01

228

Private enforcement of federal antipollution laws through citizen suits: a model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of the citizen suit and its use as an enforcement tool is evaluated using three steps: (1) consideration of the present law governing private suits against polluters; (2) discussion of the practical difficulties facing the development of a widespread private movement to enforce anti-pollution laws in the US; and (3) examination of one source of potential citizen enforcement

1983-01-01

229

Benchmarking, Profiling and Performance Analysis of the Java Grande Benchmarking Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

In previous papers a number of issues concerning the Java Grande Benchmarking suite have been raised. This paper hopes to examine these issues by conducting a new set of benchmarks and analysing the results. It then investigates the relationship between bench- marks within the suite, while reviewing the various profiling utilities available for Java. Finally, it discusses the design and

Robin Freeman

230

High Performance Electrical Modeling and Simulation Verification Test Suite - Tier I  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the High Performance Electrical Modeling and Simulation (HPEMS) Global Verification Test Suite (VERTS). The VERTS is a regression test suite used for verification of the electrical circuit simulation codes currently being developed by the HPEMS code development team. This document contains descriptions of the Tier I test cases.

SCHELLS, REGINA L.; BOGDAN, CAROLYN W.; WIX, STEVEN D.

2001-12-01

231

Building a Business Intelligence Application with Oracle e-Business Suits 12  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business intelligence application used by an enterprise is an effective option to inform and guide your decision making to keep your products and services competitive. Oracle e-business suits 12 provides the tools used for data consolidation, data analysis and enterprise reporting, they are integrated and available from one vendor, it's true that companies deploying Oracle e-business suits 12 are armed

Zhijun Ren; Dongyun Wang

2008-01-01

232

The Apollo Number: Space Suits, Self-Support, and the Walk-Run Transition  

PubMed Central

Background How space suits affect the preferred walk-run transition is an open question with relevance to human biomechanics and planetary extravehicular activity. Walking and running energetics differ; in reduced gravity (<0.5 g), running, unlike on Earth, uses less energy per distance than walking. Methodology/Principal Findings The walk-run transition (denoted *) correlates with the Froude Number (Fr?=?v2/gL, velocity v, gravitational acceleration g, leg length L). Human unsuited Fr* is relatively constant (?0.5) with gravity but increases substantially with decreasing gravity below ?0.4 g, rising to 0.9 in 1/6 g; space suits appear to lower Fr*. Because of pressure forces, space suits partially (1 g) or completely (lunar-g) support their own weight. We define the Apollo Number (Ap?=?Fr/M) as an expected invariant of locomotion under manipulations of M, the ratio of human-supported to total transported mass. We hypothesize that for lunar suited conditions Ap* but not Fr* will be near 0.9, because the Apollo Number captures the effect of space suit self-support. We used the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal and other sources to identify 38 gait events during lunar exploration for which we could determine gait type (walk/lope/run) and calculate Ap. We estimated the binary transition between walk/lope (0) and run (1), yielding Fr* (0.36±0.11, mean±95% CI) and Ap* (0.68±0.20). Conclusions/Significance The Apollo Number explains 60% of the difference between suited and unsuited Fr*, appears to capture in large part the effects of space suits on the walk-run transition, and provides several testable predictions for space suit locomotion and, of increasing relevance here on Earth, exoskeleton locomotion. The knowledge of how space suits affect gait transitions can be used to optimize space suits for use on the Moon and Mars.

Carr, Christopher E.; McGee, Jeremy

2009-01-01

233

An AOTF-LDTOF Spectrometer Suite for In Situ Organic Detection and Characterization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On future surface missions to Mars, small bodies, and outer solar system satellites, increasingly robust sample screening and selection may be essential for achieving the maximum scientific benefit within limited payload resources. One approach to defining a sequence of analysis steps for a variety of missions is the identification of key organic functional groups by a spectroscopic prescreening tool, followed by organic compound analysis with mass spectrometric methods. We discuss the development of a miniature near-infrared point spectrometer, operating in the 1.7-4 micron region, based on acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) technology. This instrument may be used to screen and corroborate analyses of samples containing organic biomarkers or mineralogical signatures suggestive of extant or extinct organic material collected in situ from planetary surfaces. The AOTF point spectrometer will be paired with a laser desorption time-of-flight (LDTOF) mass spectrometer and will prescreen samples for evidence of volatile or refractory organics before the laser desorption step and subsequent mass spectrometer measurement. AOTF systems provide great flexibility, being very compact, electronically programmable, with low power requirements. The LDTOF mass spectrometer provides pulsed-laser desorption and analysis of refractory organic compounds up to > 5,000 Da on a spatial scale of 10-30 mm, determined by the laser spot size at the target. We describe the prototype AOTF point spectrometer instrument and present laboratory analysis of geological samples of known astrobiological importance. An initial mineral and rock sample suite of planetary relevance was used in the laboratory for baseline testing. To this, we added a complement of astrobiologically relevant biosignatures from a variety of well characterized geomicrobial study sites. This work is supported by NASA's ASTID and EPSCoR programs through grant numbers NNX08AY44G and NNX08AV85A, respectively.

Chanover, Nancy J.; Glenar, D.; Voelz, D.; Xiao, X.; Tawalbeh, R.; Boston, P.; Brinckerhoff, W.; Mahaffy, P.; Getty, S.

2010-10-01

234

Ensuring of long operation life of the orbiting station EVA space suit.  

PubMed

Russia has gained a lot of experience in operating the space suits (SS) during the extravehicular activities (EVA) by the crews of SALYUT-6, SALYUT-7 and MIR orbiting stations. A total of 21 Orlan-type space suits of various models were operated onboard the orbiting stations (OS) during almost 20 years period. Some of these space suits served up to 3 years in orbit. The paper reviews special features of long SS operation (without return to the Earth) onboard an orbiting station as well as the problems associated with SS repeated use by several crews. An analysis of measures to support solving of the problems of SS long stay and reliable operation onboard the orbiting station is made: selection of a corresponding SS type and separate elements design; selection of the materials; routine and preventive maintenance; development tests. The advantages of the space suit of a semi-rigid type for solving the above problems are shown. The paper includes a short analysis of space suits' operation onboard the Russian orbiting station MIR, and some restuts of inspection of the Orlan-DMA space suit returned to the Earth from orbit by STS-79 alter long operation in orbit. Recommendations on further improvement of the space suits for EVA operations in the International Space Station (ISS) are given. PMID:11541147

Abramov, I P; Glazov, G M; Svertshek, V I; Stoklitsky AYu

235

Characterization of the Radiation Shielding Properties of US andRussian EVA Suits  

SciTech Connect

Reported herein are results from the Eril Research, Inc.(ERI) participationin the NASA Johnson Space Center sponsored studycharacterizing the radiation shielding properties of the two types ofspace suit that astronauts are wearing during the EVA on-orbit assemblyof the International Space Station (ISS). Measurements using passivedetectors were carried out to assess the shielding properties of the USEMU Suit and the Russian Orlan-M suit during irradiations of the suitsand a tissue equivalent phantom to monoenergetic proton and electronbeams at the Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC). Duringirradiations of 6 MeV electrons and 60 MeV protons, absorbed dose as afunction of depth was measured using TLDs exposed behind swatches of thetwo suit materials and inside the two EVA helmets. Considerable reductionin electron dosewas measured behind all suit materials in exposures to 6MeV electrons. Slowing of the proton beam in the suit materials led to anincrease in dose measured in exposures to 60 MeV protons. During 232 MeVproton irradiations, measurements were made with TLDs and CR-39 PNTDs atfive organ locations inside a tissue equivalent phantom, exposed bothwith and without the two EVA suits. The EVA helmets produce a 13 to 27percent reduction in total dose and a 0 to 25 percent reduction in doseequivalent when compared to measurements made in the phantom head alone.Differences in dose and dose equivalent between the suit and non-suitirradiations forthe lower portions of the two EVA suits tended to besmaller. Proton-induced target fragmentation was found to be asignificant source of increased dose equivalent, especially within thetwo EVA helmets, and average quality factor inside the EMU and Orlan-Mhelmets was 2 to 14 percent greater than that measured in the barephantom head.

Benton, E.R.; Benton, E.V.; Frank, A.L.

2001-10-26

236

Controlatron Neutron Tube Test Suite Software Manual - Operation Manual (V2.2)  

SciTech Connect

The Controlatron Software Suite is a custom built application to perform automated testing of Controlatron neutron tubes. The software package was designed to allowing users to design tests and to run a series of test suites on a tube. The data is output to ASCII files of a pre-defined format for data analysis and viewing with the Controlatron Data Viewer Application. This manual discusses the operation of the Controlatron Test Suite Software and a brief discussion of state machine theory, as state machine is the functional basis of the software.

NOEL, WILLIAM P.; WALLACE, DEBRA L.; MARTINEZ, MONICA L.; HERTRICH, ROBERT JOHN; BARRETT, KEITH PHILLIP

2002-05-01

237

Contact allergy to p-tert-butylphenol formaldehyde resin and zinc diethyldithiocarbamate in a wet suit.  

PubMed

Rubber materials are common causes of contact dermatitis. Neoprene is a special synthetic rubber used in many products (eg, wet suits, elastic supports, gloves, shoes, and orthopedic devices). A 31-year-old man was admitted to our dermatoallergologic clinic with the development of a generalized itching erythematovesicular eruption. He reported that clinical manifestations occurred after he wore a neoprene wet suit that he was used to wearing for water sports. Although allergic contact dermatitis from a wet suit is not uncommon, it is usually due to thiourea derivatives whereas our patient presented with contact allergy to p-tert-butylphenol formaldehyde resin and zinc diethyldithiocarbamate. PMID:18413101

Martellotta, Donata; Di Costanzo, Luisa; Cafiero, Mariana; La Bella, Serena; Balato, Anna

238

Suite intrusiva Maruim: um batolito calcialcalino zonado do escudo catarinense. (Maurim intrusive suite: a calc-alkacic batholite zoned of catarinense shield).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The geological survey of the Florianopolis Sheet (SG.22-Z-D-V) identified and characterized a calc-alkacic multi-intrusive and polydiapiric suite that occurs as a granitic batholite roughly concentric in texture and composition. This co-magmatic plutonic ...

W. Wildner G. E. Ramgrab L. F. P. Zanini P. M. Branco E. Camozzato

1990-01-01

239

What was uniform about the fin-de-siècle sailor suit?  

PubMed

The sailor suits widely worn by children in late-nineteenth-century Britain have been interpreted at the time, and since, as expressions of an Imperial ethos. Yet, a closer examination of the ways that these garments were produced by mass manufacturers, mediated by advertisers and fashion advisors and consumed by families makes us question this characterization. Manufacturers interpreted sailor suits not as unchanging uniforms but as fashion items responding to seasonal changes. Consumers used them to assert social identities and social distinctions, selecting from the multiple variants available. Cultural commentators described sailor suits as emulating Royal practice—but also as ‘common’ and to be avoided. A close analysis of large samples of images and texts from the period 1870–1900 reveals how these different meanings overlapped, making the fin-de-siècle sailor suit a garment that undermines many of our assumptions. PMID:21954488

Rose, Clare

2011-01-01

240

Shoulder and Hip Joint for Hard Space Suits and the Like.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Shoulder and hip joints for hard space suits are disclosed which comprising three serially connected truncated spherical sections, the ends of which converge. Ball bearings between the sections permit relative rotation. The proximal end of the first secti...

H. C. Vykukal

1984-01-01

241

Loads Produced by a Suited Subject Performing Tool Tasks Without the Use of Foot Restraints.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With an increase in the frequency of extravehicular activities (EVA's) aboard the Space Shuttle, NASA is interested in determining the capabilities of suited astronauts while performing manual tasks during an EVA, in particular the situations in which por...

S. L. Rajulu J. Poliner G. K. Klute

1993-01-01

242

75 FR 1770 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9102-5] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2010-01-13

243

Even at a Board Meeting, Your Immunity to Defamation Suits Is Limited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Common law grants immunity for defamatory statements to administrative bodies such as boards. The limitations under which board participants function in relation to immunity from defamation suits are outlined. Includes discussion of specific court cases. (MD)

Henderson, Donald H.

1986-01-01

244

Analysis of Surface Tris (2,3-Dibromopropyl) Phosphate on Chlorobutyl Rubber Scape Suits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tris (2,30-dibromopropyl) phosphate was used to confer flame retardant properties on butyl rubber formulations used in protective clothing such as the self-contained atmospheric protective ensembles (SCAPE suits) worn at Kennedy Space Center in support of...

T. A. Schehl H. D. Bennett C. J. Bryan C. W. Bright

1978-01-01

245

The MERG Suite: Tools for discovering competencies and associated learning resources  

PubMed Central

Background As the demands for competency-based education grow, the need for standards-based tools to allow for publishing and discovery of competency-based learning content is more pressing. This project focused on developing federated discovery services for competency-based medical e-learning content. Methods We built a tool suite for authoring and discovery of medical e-learning metadata. The end-user usability of the tool suite was evaluated through a web-based survey. Results The suite, implemented as an open-source system, was evaluated to identify areas for improvement. Conclusion The MERG suite is a starting point for organizations implementing competency-based e-learning resources.

Bhupatiraju, Ravi Teja; Hersh, William R; Smothers, Valerie; Fordis, Michael; Greene, Peter S

2008-01-01

246

78 FR 43200 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9835-6] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...Environment, California Communities Against Toxics, Desert Citizens Against Pollution, Natural Resources Defense...

2013-07-19

247

76 FR 54463 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9458-7] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2011-09-01

248

75 FR 74048 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9234-5] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2010-11-30

249

75 FR 71125 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9229-7] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2010-11-22

250

76 FR 51030 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9452-5] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Consent Decree; Request for Public...

2011-08-17

251

77 FR 46757 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9711-5] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2012-08-06

252

75 FR 24946 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9146-3] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Consent Decree; Request for Public...

2010-05-06

253

77 FR 4320 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9623-4] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Consent Decree; Request for Public...

2012-01-27

254

76 FR 75545 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9497-3] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2011-12-02

255

76 FR 34983 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9319-6] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Consent Decree; Request for Public...

2011-06-15

256

78 FR 26028 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9808-8] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2013-05-03

257

75 FR 38519 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9170-8] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Consent Decree; Request for Public...

2010-07-02

258

75 FR 67967 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9221-3] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2010-11-04

259

76 FR 58808 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9470-1] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; Request for public...

2011-09-22

260

75 FR 71126 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9229-8] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Consent Decree; Request for Public...

2010-11-22

261

78 FR 23562 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9803-8] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2013-04-19

262

75 FR 11886 - Proposed Settlement Agreement and Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9126-6] Proposed Settlement Agreement and Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement and consent...

2010-03-12

263

77 FR 65684 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9747-8] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2012-10-30

264

78 FR 60280 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9901-56-OGC] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2013-10-01

265

78 FR 48161 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9844-5] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2013-08-07

266

76 FR 77226 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9505-2] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Consent Decree; Request for Public...

2011-12-12

267

77 FR 46756 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9711-4] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2012-08-06

268

75 FR 80808 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9242-5] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Consent Decree; request for public...

2010-12-23

269

77 FR 41186 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [EPA-HQ-OGC-2012-0554; FRL-9699-6] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2012-07-12

270

77 FR 14784 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9646-7] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2012-03-13

271

76 FR 79172 - Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9608-9] Proposed Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed consent decree; request for public...

2011-12-21

272

The Navy Mod I Submarine Deck Exposure Suit (Physiological, Buoyancy and Field Evaluation Studies).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Navy Clothing and Textile Research Facility (NCTRF) conducted physiological studies which established that the experimental Type B Submarine Deck Exposure Suit (SDES) prototype was a possible replacement for the Interim SDES currently worn on submarin...

J. Silvia N. F. Audet D. A. Reins

1978-01-01

273

High-Volume Data Analysis Suite (HVDAS) Manual November-17-2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual describes the design, implementation and use of the High- Volume Data Analysis Suite (HVDAS), which is a collection of parallelized statistical analysis software packages for Linux clusters. HVDAS is designed to reduce and perform statistical ...

G. A. Hildstrom

2003-01-01

274

33 CFR 150.518 - What are the inspection requirements for work vests and immersion suits?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) DEEPWATER PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Emergency and Specialty Equipment Personal Safety Gear § 150.518 What are the inspection requirements for work vests and immersion suits? (a) All...

2013-07-01

275

33 CFR 150.518 - What are the inspection requirements for work vests and immersion suits?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) DEEPWATER PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Emergency and Specialty Equipment Personal Safety Gear § 150.518 What are the inspection requirements for work vests and immersion suits? (a) All...

2009-07-01

276

33 CFR 150.518 - What are the inspection requirements for work vests and immersion suits?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) DEEPWATER PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: OPERATIONS Emergency and Specialty Equipment Personal Safety Gear § 150.518 What are the inspection requirements for work vests and immersion suits? (a) All...

2010-07-01

277

User's Guide for the SQL Test Suite, Version 6.0.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual described the SQL Test Suite (Version 6.0) and the procedures needed to test and evaluate an SQL implementation through a standard programming language interface or through a standard programming language interface or through Interactive Direc...

D. W. Flater L. J. Gallagher S. M. Hurwitz J. M. Sullivan

1996-01-01

278

Heat Strain and Heat Stress for Workers Wearing Protective Suits at a Hazardous Waste Site  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to evaluate the effects of heat stress when full body protective suits are worn, heart rates, oral temperatures and environmental parameters were measured for five unacclimatized male workers (25–33 years of age) who performed sampling activities during hazardous waste clean-up operations. The protective ensembles included laminated PVC-Tyvec chemical resistant hood suits with rubber boots, gloves, full facepiece dual

JEFFREY M. PAULL; FRANK S. ROSENTHAL

1987-01-01

279

Towards the prioritization of regression test suites with data flow information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regression test prioritization techniques re-order the execution of a test suite in an attempt to ensure that defects are revealed earlier in the test execution phase. In prior work, test suites were prioritized with respect to their ability to satisfy control flow-based and mutation-based test adequacy criteria. In this paper, we propose an approach to regression test prioritization that leverages

Matthew J. Rummel; Gregory M. Kapfhammer; Andrew Thall

2005-01-01

280

Revolutionary Design for Astronaut Exploration - Beyond the Bio-Suit System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Bio-Suit System is designed to revolutionize human space exploration by providing enhanced astronaut extravehicular activity (EVA) locomotion and performance based on the concepts of a `second skin' capability. The novel Bio-Suit concept provides an overall exploration system realized through symbiotic relationships between a suite of advanced technologies, creative design, human modeling and analysis, and new mission operations techniques. By working at the intersection of engineering, design, life sciences and operations, new emergent capabilities and interrelationships result for applications to space missions, medical rehabilitation, and extreme sports activities. In many respects, the Bio-Suit System mimics Nature (biomimetics). For example, the second skin is capable of augmenting our biological skin by providing mechanical counter-pressure. We have designed and tested prototypes that prove mechanical counter-pressure feasibility. The `epidermis' of our second skin suit is patterned from 3D laser scans that incorporate human skin strain field maps for maximum mobility and natural movements, while requiring minimum energy expenditure for exploration tasks. We provide a technology roadmap for future design, pressure production and technology investments for the Bio-Suit System. Woven into the second skin are active materials to enhance human performance as well as to provide necessary performance metrics (i.e., energy expenditure). Wearable technologies will be embedded throughout the Bio-Suit System to place the explorer in an information-rich environment enabling real-time mission planning, prediction, and visualization. The Bio-Suit System concept augments human capabilities by coupling human and robotic abilities into a hybrid of the two, to the point where the explorer is hardly aware of the boundary between innate human performance and robotic activities.

Newman, Dava J.; Canina, Marita; Trotti, Guillermo L.

2007-01-01

281

Development of a microsatellite DNA parentage marker suite for black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-three published Penaeus monodon microsatellites were screened for inclusion in a DNA parentage marker suite by examining their ease of amplification, reliability of allele calling and Mendelian inheritance in an Australian captive population. Seven highly polymorphic markers (mean He=0.87 and PIC=0.84) were identified from the original 23 as being suitable for inclusion in the parentage marker suite. These seven microsatellites

Dean R. Jerry; Brad S. Evans; Matt Kenway; Kate Wilson

2006-01-01

282

Physiologic and anti-G suit performance data from YF-16 flight tests.  

PubMed

Biomedical data were collected during high-G portions of 11 YF-16 test flights. Test pilots monitored revealed increased respiratory rate and volume, decreased tidal volume, and increased heart rate at higher G levels, with one pilot exhibiting various cardiac arrhythmias. Anti-G suit inflation and pressurization lags varied inversely with G-onset rate, and suit pressurization slope was near the design value. PMID:938404

Gillingham, K K; Winter, W R

1976-06-01

283

Relation of heavy mineral suites to Pleistocene to Holocene shoreline sequences in Georgia  

SciTech Connect

The major Pleistocene paleobarrier island complexes recognized on the Georgia coastal plain may represent two distinct shoreline sequences. This is suggested by differences in geomorphology and in heavy mineral suites. The higher and older Talbot, Penholoway, Wicomico, Okefenokee and Waycross complexes are characterized by large, linear, undissected sand bodies. The younger Pamlico, Princess Anne and Silver Bluff complexes consist of small, stubby and complexly dissected sand bodies and are similar to those developed on the Holocene shoreline. The average labile (1.88), ilmenite/leucoxene (1.28), and ZTR (22.07) indices of the three older complexes indicate distinctly more mature heavy mineral suites than the average labile, (8.88) ilmenite/leucoxene (4.54), and ZTR (18.42) indices in the younger complexes. The heavy mineral suites of the older shoreline sequence exhibit little variation in mineralogy. The heavy mineral suites in the younger sequence exhibit a greater range in mineralogy, and the suites change progressively from the Pamlico through the Silver Bluff complexes. Continuation of these trends is evident in the heavy mineral suite of the Holocene deposits. The increasing range in composition also indicates the relatively immaturity of the younger complexes. The difference in heavy mineral content between the older (0.53 wt. %) and the younger (1.33 wt. %) shoreline sequences may result from increased weathering and removal of the labile components during a warm inter-glacial period.

Cocker, M.D. (Georgia Geologic Survey, Atlanta, GA (United States))

1993-03-01

284

Post-collisional magmatism in the central East African Orogen: The Maevarano Suite of north Madagascar  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Late tectonic, post-collisional granite suites are a feature of many parts of the Late Neoproterozoic to Cambrian East African Orogen (EAO), where they are generally attributed to late extensional collapse of the orogen, accompanied by high heat flow and asthenospheric uprise. The Maevarano Suite comprises voluminous plutons which were emplaced in some of the tectonostratigraphic terranes of northern Madagascar, in the central part of the EAO, following collision and assembly during a major orogeny at ca. 550 Ma. The suite comprises three main magmatic phases: a minor early phase of foliated gabbros, quartz diorites, and granodiorites; a main phase of large batholiths of porphyritic granitoids and charnockites; and a late phase of small-scale plutons and sheets of monzonite, syenite, leucogranite and microgranite. The main phase intrusions tend to be massive, but with variably foliated margins. New U-Pb SHRIMP zircon data show that the whole suite was emplaced between ca. 537 and 522 Ma. Geochemically, all the rocks of the suite are enriched in the LILE, especially K, and the LREE, but are relatively depleted in Nb, Ta and the HREE. These characteristics are typical of post-collisional granitoids in the EAO and many other orogenic belts. It is proposed that the Maevarano Suite magmas were derived by melting of sub-continental lithospheric mantle that had been enriched in the LILE during earlier subduction events. The melting occurred during lithospheric delamination, which was associated with extensional collapse of the East African Orogen. ?? 2009 Natural Environment Research Council.

Goodenough, K. M.; Thomas, R. J.; De Waele, B.; Key, R. M.; Schofield, D. I.; Bauer, W.; Tucker, R. D.; Rafahatelo, J. -M.; Rabarimanana, M.; Ralison, A. V.; Randriamananjara, T.

2010-01-01

285

20 CFR 423.1 - Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees...1 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS...423.1 Suits against the Social Security Administration and its...

2009-04-01

286

20 CFR 423.1 - Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees...1 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS...423.1 Suits against the Social Security Administration and its...

2010-04-01

287

20 CFR 423.1 - Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees...1 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS...423.1 Suits against the Social Security Administration and its...

2013-04-01

288

The Effect of the United States Supreme Court's Eleventh Amendment Jurisprudence on Clean Water Act Citizen Suits: Muddied Waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article focuses on the impact of the Court's Eleventh Amendment jurisprudence on citizen suits authorized under the Clean Water Act (CWA), because that law's cooperative federalism structure is typical of many other environmental laws, and because citizen suits have historically played a critical role in its implementation. The CWA's citizen suit provision (section 505), which specifically incorporates the Eleventh

Hope M. Babcock

2004-01-01

289

Fractionation vs. magma mixing in the Wangrah Suite A-type granites, Lachlan Fold Belt, Australia: Experimental constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Wangrah Suite granites (Lachlan Fold Belt, Australia) reflect different stages of differentiation in the magmatic history of an A-type plutonic suite. In this study we use experimentally determined phase equilibria of four natural A-type granitic compositions of the Wangrah Suite to constrain phases and phase compositions involved in fractionation processes. Each composition represents a distinct granite intrusion in the

Kevin Klimm; Francois Holtz; Penelope L. King

2008-01-01

290

Heavy-mineral suites in unconsolidated Paleocene and younger sands, western Tennessee  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Heavy-mineral suites from unconsolidated sands of Wilcox and Claiborne age (Eocene) in the subsurface of western Tennessee were tabulated and compared with heavy-mineral suites obtained from outcropping sands known to be of Midway (Paleocene) and Wilcox age and younger. In the subsurface at Memphis, both pink and colorless garnet are relatively abundant in the Claiborne but rare in the Wilcox. Garnet, however, is very rare in both the Claiborne and the Wilcox in the subsurface 35 miles northeast of Memphis. The mineral is very rare also in the terrace sands of western Tennessee and in samples of the Pliocene(?) and Pleistocene deposits of the Tennessee River in eastern and western Tennessee. It is possible, therefore, that the relative abundance of the mineral garnet is related to the quantity of sediment received from differing source areas in Wilcox and Claiborne times, but that, owing to the shifting of the axis of the embayment, no one source area furnished all the sediment for any formation. Heavy-mineral suites from Pliocene(?) and Pleistocene terrace deposits of the Tennessee River in both eastern and western Tennessee, and heavy-mineral suites from Pliocene(?) deposits of the Mississippi River are much alike, and the only isotropic mineral noted in these sediments was a very rare green mineral. Heavy-mineral suites from Recent deposits of the Mississippi River at Memphis and reported heavy-mineral suites from Cambrian sandstones of Wisconsin and Minnesota differ greatly from heavy-mineral suites of Pliocene(?) terrace deposits of the Tennessee and Mississippi Rivers and include much pink and colorless garnet. The possibility, therefore, is suggested that the Pliocene(?) terrace deposits of the Mississippi River in western Tennessee were derived largely from the basin of the Tennessee River.

Blankenship, Reginald R.

1956-01-01

291

Suite Revenge?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utility of ‘concern, hostility, consensus, disproportionality and volatility’ to understanding social reaction to different white-collar crimes is elaborated and reviewed. It is hard to generate and to sustain a moral panic about any white-collar crimes and criminals, but some populist areas such as ‘identity fraud’ and ‘investment fraud’ are good candidates, especially where individuals, ethnicities or ‘organized crime networks’

Michael Levi

2009-01-01

292

Airborne irritant contact dermatitis from metal dust adhering to semisynthetic working suits.  

PubMed

2 workers at an aircraft factory were employed in a plasma sparying unit. Soon after they were equipped with new semisynthetic working suits, they started to complain of pruritic eruptions after heavy exposure to metal dust. They noted that the dust was not as easily blown off the clothes by pressurized air as previously. Clinical findings consisted of discrete macular and papular lesions, partly follicular, on the ventral and medial thighs. Atopy score, IgE level and a standard series of prick tests ruled out atopic disposition. Patch tests revealed no reactions. A diagnosis of occupational airborne irritant contact dermatitis from metal dust was therefore made. To elucidate the role of the working suit, extensive physical investigations of the physical properties of the textile were performed. Microscopic pictures at low magnification showed more dust particles on the semisynthetic working suit, compared to the former pure cotton suit. This impression could not be confirmed by particle count because of too uneven particle distribution at higher magnification. Hairiness of the 2 textiles was low and ruled out irritation by the semisynthetic textile itself. No difference in electrostatic properties between the 2 working suits could be established either. Both textiles showed high static electrical propensity. When use of the semisynthetic overall was discontinued, the patients reported no recurrence.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7634782

Hafner, J; Rüegger, M; Kralicek, P; Elsner, P

1995-05-01

293

An integrative variant analysis suite for whole exome next-generation sequencing data  

PubMed Central

Background Whole exome capture sequencing allows researchers to cost-effectively sequence the coding regions of the genome. Although the exome capture sequencing methods have become routine and well established, there is currently a lack of tools specialized for variant calling in this type of data. Results Using statistical models trained on validated whole-exome capture sequencing data, the Atlas2 Suite is an integrative variant analysis pipeline optimized for variant discovery on all three of the widely used next generation sequencing platforms (SOLiD, Illumina, and Roche 454). The suite employs logistic regression models in conjunction with user-adjustable cutoffs to accurately separate true SNPs and INDELs from sequencing and mapping errors with high sensitivity (96.7%). Conclusion We have implemented the Atlas2 Suite and applied it to 92 whole exome samples from the 1000 Genomes Project. The Atlas2 Suite is available for download at http://sourceforge.net/projects/atlas2/. In addition to a command line version, the suite has been integrated into the Genboree Workbench, allowing biomedical scientists with minimal informatics expertise to remotely call, view, and further analyze variants through a simple web interface. The existing genomic databases displayed via the Genboree browser also streamline the process from variant discovery to functional genomics analysis, resulting in an off-the-shelf toolkit for the broader community.

2012-01-01

294

A deterministic electrons and protons transport suite for the study of the Jovian system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Langley Research Center (LaRC) developed deterministic suite of transport codes for describing the transport of electrons, photons and protons in condensed media is used to simulate the effects and exposures from spectral distributions typical of electrons and protons trapped in planetary magnetic fields. The suite is made of a coupled electrons/ photons deterministic transport procedure (CEPTRN) and a light/heavy ions deterministic transport procedure (HZETRN). The primary purpose for the development of the transport suite is to provide a means for rapidly forming numerous repetitive calculations essential for electrons/protons radiation exposure assessments of complex space structures. Several favorable comparisons have been made with statistically oriented Monte Carlo calculations for typical space environment spectra which have indicated that the transport accuracy has not been compromised at the expense of computational speed. For this presentation the radiation environments of the Galilean satellites Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto are used as representative boundary conditions to show the capabilities of the transport suite. The Jovian radiation environment is simulated using the Jet Propulsion Lab. (JPL) GIRE model of 2003. For a limited number of candidate shielding materials, the GIRE produced electrons/protons environments are used as boundary condition to the CEPTRN and HZETRN transport suite to evaluate the particle flux and dose due to electrons and protons at various distances from the planet as a function of latitude, longitude, and altitude.

Badavi, Francis; Nealy, John; Norman, Ryan

295

Heat strain and heat stress for workers wearing protective suits at a hazardous waste site  

SciTech Connect

In order to evaluate the effects of heat stress when full body protective suits are worn, heart rates, oral temperatures and environmental parameters were measured for five unacclimatized male workers (25-33 years of age) who performed sampling activities during hazardous waste clean-up operations. The protective ensembles included laminated PVC-Tyvec chemical resistant hood suits with rubber boots, gloves, full facepiece dual cartridge respirators and hard hats. For comparison, measurements also were performed when the men worked at a similar level of activity while they wore ordinary work clothes. A comparison of the heart rates for the men working with and without suits indicated that wearing the suits imposed a heat stress equivalent to adding 6/sup 0/ to 11/sup 0/C (11/sup 0/ to 20/sup 0/F) to the ambient WBGT index. A similar result was obtained by calculating the WBGT in the microclimate inside the suits and comparing it to the ambient WBGT. These results indicate the following: 1) there exists a significant risk of heat injury during hazardous waste work when full body protective clothing is worn, and 2) threshold limit values for heat stress established by the ACGIH must be lowered substantially before extending them to cover workers under these conditions.

Paull, J.M.; Rosenthal, F.S.

1987-05-01

296

Plutonium and uranium isotopic analysis: recent developments of the MGA++ code suite  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory develops sophisticated gamma-ray analysis codes for isotopic determinations of nuclear materials based on the principles of the MultiGroup Analysis (MGA). MGA methodology has been upgraded and expanded and is now comprised of a suite of codes known as MGA++. A graphical user interface has also been developed for viewing the data and the fitting procedure. The code suite provides plutonium and uranium isotopic analysis for data collected with high-purity germanium planar and/or coaxial detector systems. The most recent addition to the MGA++ code suite, MGAHI, analyzes Pu data using higher-energy gamma rays (200 keV and higher) and is particularly useful for Pu samples that are enclosed in thick-walled containers. Additionally, the code suite can perform isotopic analysis of uranium spectra collected with cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) detectors. We are currently developing new codes with will integrate into the MGA++ suite. These will include Pu isotopic analysis capabilities for data collected with CZT detectors, and U isotopic analysis with high-purity germanium detectors, which utilizes only higher energy gamma rays. Future development of MGA++ will include a capability for isotopic analyses on mixtures of Pu and U.

Buckley, W; Clark, D; Parker, W E; Romine, W; Ruhter, W; Wang, T F

1999-09-17

297

SPACE: a suite of tools for protein structure prediction and analysis based on complementarity and environment  

PubMed Central

We describe a suite of SPACE tools for analysis and prediction of structures of biomolecules and their complexes. LPC/CSU software provides a common definition of inter-atomic contacts and complementarity of contacting surfaces to analyze protein structure and complexes. In the current version of LPC/CSU, analyses of water molecules and nucleic acids have been added, together with improved and expanded visualization options using Chime or Java based Jmol. The SPACE suite includes servers and programs for: structural analysis of point mutations (MutaProt); side chain modeling based on surface complementarity (SCCOMP); building a crystal environment and analysis of crystal contacts (CryCo); construction and analysis of protein contact maps (CMA) and molecular docking software (LIGIN). The SPACE suite is accessed at .

Sobolev, Vladimir; Eyal, Eran; Gerzon, Sergey; Potapov, Vladimir; Babor, Mariana; Prilusky, Jaime; Edelman, Marvin

2005-01-01

298

Test plan for personnel protective equipment bubble suit decontamination feasibility study  

SciTech Connect

This test plan defines the details for performing a study to determine the feasibility of using a shower based system to decontaminate personnel protective equipment (PPE) bubble (encapsulation) suits worn by personnel as they are egressing a mixed-TRU contamination zone. The testing will be performed using an EPA rated Level A fully encapsulating suit. The person directly involved in the suit contamination and shower processes will be provided with Level A protection. This test plan provides a description of the test apparatus, provides details of the tests to be performed, defines the sampling procedures and controls, and defines the analytical methods for the samples collected. The test plan also discusses the data management and the reporting of the test result and the quality assurance and safety requirements for the study. 5 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Menkhaus, D.E.

1990-08-01

299

Decision fusion benefits assessment in a three-sensor suite framework  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The various decision fusion strategies postulated recently for target detection in the context of a three-sensor suite are analyzed in depth to delineate the domains of beneficial fusion and determine the extent of such benefits. This is similar in scope to earlier temporal fusion studies on suites with only two sensors, except that the present analysis is limited to fusion strategies involving only a single set of observations from the sensors. Instead, the added flexibility in the design of fusion strategies resulting from an increase in the number of sensors to three is defined and assessed. The analysis covers two basic categories of fusion strategies. The first is a single-stage fusion wherein the decision outputs of all the three sensor subsystems are fused simultaneously using one or four different strategies, namely, AND logic, simple majority logic, firm-decisions-only majority logic, and a no-firm-contradiction logic. The second is a two-stage fusion strategy, wherein either an AND or an OR logic is used at the first stage combining the decisions of two of the sensor subsystems, followed by a similar logic choice combining the fused decision from the first level with the decision from the third sensor subsystem, resulting once again in four possible alternative strategies. First, each of the strategies is compared to the single-sensor performance to delineate the corresponding domain and extent of the fusion where in all the three sensors in the suite have identical expected performance characteristics. Next, a detailed comparative assessment of these strategies is made under the same assumption of identical sensor characteristics. The set of eight fusion strategies under the three-sensor suite is then compared with the two simple Boolean (AND logic and OR logic) strategies under the two-sensor suite to delineate the benefits domain of adding the third sensor to the suite.

Dasarathy, Belur V.

1998-02-01

300

Mandatory pre-suit mediation: local malpractice reform benefiting patients and healthcare providers.  

PubMed

The Florida Patient Safety and Pre-Suit Mediation Program (FLPSMP) was implemented as a pilot program to provide patients of healthcare providers and facilities associated with the University of Florida Health Science Center with timely and fair compensation when injured and to combat rising healthcare legal liability expenses. Prior to filing a formal lawsuit, participants of the FLPSMP join in a confidential and nonbinding pre-suit mediation conducted by a neutral third-party mediator. The process fosters confidential and candid communication between doctors and patients, saving thousands of dollars in legal expenses for both patients and providers. PMID:20979162

Jenkins, Randall C; Warren, Lindsay A; Gravenstein, Nikolaus

2010-01-01

301

Private enforcement of federal antipollution laws through citizen suits: a model  

SciTech Connect

The concept of the citizen suit and its use as an enforcement tool is evaluated using three steps: (1) consideration of the present law governing private suits against polluters; (2) discussion of the practical difficulties facing the development of a widespread private movement to enforce anti-pollution laws in the US; and (3) examination of one source of potential citizen enforcement litigation in Clean Water Act violations. Favorable mechanical factors are shown to create the opportunity for an effectively organized and conducted private enforcement group to operate as federal enforcement efforts are directed away from the Clean Water and Clean Air Acts and environmental degredation becomes a growing threat. 141 references.

Feller, D.A.

1983-01-01

302

Describing the NPOESS Preparatory Project Visible/Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Cloud Environmental Data Records  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Visible/Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) is one of the instruments that make up the suite of sensors on the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) scheduled to launch in 2010. VIIRS will produce seven Environmental Data Records (EDRs) describing cloud properties. The VIIRS Cloud EDRs include the Cloud Optical Thickness (COT), Cloud Effective Particle Size Parameter (CEPS), Cloud Top Pressure (CTP), Cloud Top Height (CTH), Cloud Top Temperature (CTT), Cloud Cover/Layers (CCL), and Cloud Base Height (CBH). This paper will describe the VIIRS algorithms used to generate these EDRs and provide a current estimate of performance based on pre-Launch test data.

Hoffman, C.; Guenther, B.; Kilcoyne, H.; Mineart, G.; St. Germain, K.; Reed, B.

2008-12-01

303

Time Management in the Operating Room: An Analysis of the Dedicated Minimally Invasive Surgery Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Dedicated minimally invasive surgery suites are available that contain specialized equipment to facilitate endoscopic surgery. Laparoscopy performed in a general operating room is hampered by the multitude of additional equipment that must be transported into the room. The objective of this study was to compare the preparation times between procedures performed in tra- ditional operating rooms versus dedicated minimally

Kenneth C. Hsiao; Zurab Machaidze; John G. Pattaras

304

Data Analysis and Graphing in an Introductory Physics Laboratory: Spreadsheet versus Statistics Suite  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two methods of data analysis are compared: spreadsheet software and a statistics software suite. Their use is compared analysing data collected in three selected experiments taken from an introductory physics laboratory, which include a linear dependence, a nonlinear dependence and a histogram. The merits of each method are compared. (Contains 7…

Peterlin, Primoz

2010-01-01

305

Comparative Evaluation of Prototype and Standard Fire Fighter's Suits under Combined Hyperthermic and Exercise Stress Conditions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tests were conducted in the All Weather Test Facility to comparatively evaluate the standard fire proximity suit with a prototype assembly of half the weight. An exercise regimen of 20 minutes on the treadmill was superimposed on a prior resting exposure ...

A. T. Kissen D. C. Smedley K. A. Smiles W. C. Summers W. J. Buehring

1974-01-01

306

Postures of a human wearing a multiple-colored suit based on color information processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a non-contact type method for estimating human body postures. One of the major problems on the posture estimation using the silhouette image analysis is the overlapping of the body parts' silhouettes. In order to solve this problem, this paper proposes a method for estimating the posture of a human wearing a multiple-colored suit based on color information

Dong-Wan Kang; J. Ohya

2003-01-01

307

The effects of a hands-free communication device system in a surgical suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case report describes a qualitative investigation into how a Hands-free Communication Device (HCD) system impacted communication among anesthesia staff in a pediatric surgical suite. The authors recruited a purposive sample that included anesthesiologists, certified registered nurse anesthetists, circulating nurses, a charge nurse, and a postanesthesia care unit nurse. Data were collected using semistructured interviews and observations, then analyzed using

Joshua E. Richardson; Sina Shah-Hosseini; John E. Fiadjoe; Joan S. Ash; Mohamed A. Rehman

2011-01-01

308

Vertical resolution study on the GOES-R Hyperspectral Environmental Suite (HES)  

Microsoft Academic Search

High spectral resolution infrared radiances from the Hyperspectral Environmental Suite (HES) on Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-R and beyond) will allow for monitoring the evolution of atmospheric temperature and moisture vertical distributions. HES, together with the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI), will operationally provide enhanced spatial, temporal and vertical information for radiances and atmospheric soundings that are desired by numerical weather

Jun Li; Fang Wang; Timothy J. Schmit; W. Paul Menzel; James J. Gurka

2005-01-01

309

A COMPARISON OF AIR CONDITIONS IN MANNED PRESSURISED SUITS WHEN VARYING DEGREES OF WORK ARE UNDERTAKEN  

Microsoft Academic Search

An account is given of the physical and analytical techniques employed ; in comparing the air conditions in manned pressurized suits when varying degrees ; of work were undertaken at different air flow rates. Comfort, carbon dioxide ; increase, oxygen deflciency, humidity, temperature rise between inlet and outlet ; air, and pressure effects were investigated. The results obtained show that

1962-01-01

310

Light NBC Protective Combat Suits and Body Hydration During Physical Activities Under Tropical Climate.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When wearing NBC protective suits in full protection mode, rehydration is fundamental to avoid large dehydration. However the gas mask constitutes a potential constraint for drink ingestion. The aim of this study was to evaluate in a hot country the effec...

A. Charpenet B. Melin B. Warme-Janville J. Y. Pelicand

2002-01-01

311

Model of the structure of and the effective thermal conductivity of a bazhenov suite  

SciTech Connect

In this work a model is proposed for the structure of a Bazhenov suite, the relationship between the structure (porosity or emptiness, oil content) and the thermophysical properties of the rock is found, and the characteristics obtained are checked under laboratory conditions and then extrapolated to reservoir conditions.

Dul'nev, G.N.; Dorofeeva, T.V.; Volkov, D.P.; Muratova, B.L.

1987-07-01

312

Mechanical Design and Optimization of Ubiquitous Power Generator Suited for Mechanical Input  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many electric power generators employing dynamos. However, most of them require large mechanical energy input at a time to get large electric power output. This task is not easy for elders because of heavy load. Therefore, we aimed to develop a new ubiquitous power generator suited for light power input. In order to generate large electric energy with

Junji Takahasi; Toshio Fukuda; Kouhei Motoo; Fumihito Arai; Kouichi Itoigawa; Kenji Tanaka

2006-01-01

313

A new methane control and prediction software suite for longwall mines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents technical and application aspects of a new software suite, MCP (Methane Control and Prediction), developed for addressing some of the methane and methane control issues in longwall coal mines. The software suite consists of dynamic link library (DLL) extensions to MS-Access TM, written in C++. In order to create the DLLs, various statistical, mathematical approaches, prediction and classification artificial neural network (ANN) methods were used. The current version of MCP suite (version 1.3) discussed in this paper has four separate modules that (a) predict the dynamic elastic properties of coal-measure rocks, (b) predict ventilation emissions from longwall mines, (c) determine the type of degasification system that needs to be utilized for given situations and (d) assess the production performance of gob gas ventholes that are used to extract methane from longwall gobs. These modules can be used with the data from basic logs, mining, longwall panel, productivity, and coal bed characteristics. The applications of these modules separately or in combination for methane capture and control related problems will help improve the safety of mines. The software suite's version 1.3 is discussed in this paper. Currently, it's new version 2.0 is available and can be downloaded from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/products/product180.htm free of charge. The models discussed in this paper can be found under “ancillary models” and under “methane prediction models” for specific U.S. conditions in the new version.

Dougherty, Heather N.; Özgen Karacan, C.

2011-09-01

314

Comparison of Anti-Exposure Suits During Rest and Arm Exercise in Cold Water.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of three anti-exposure suits in preventing decreases in body temperatures during intermittent arm exercise in cold water. Ten male subjects were evaluated during waist-high cold-water (7.50C/45.5...

M. P. Shannon K. A. Jacobs L. R. Ramirez D. A. Arnall A. M. Woolf

1995-01-01

315

A Suite of Schemes for User-Level Network Diagnosis without Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is highly desirable and important for end users, with no special privileges, identify and pinpoint faults inside the network that degrade the performance of their applications. However, existing tools are inaccurate to infer the link-level loss rates and have large diagnosis granularity (in terms of the number of hops). To address these problems, we propose a suite of user-level

Yao Zhao; Yan Chen

2007-01-01

316

The Power of One: Citizen Suits in the Fight Against Global Warming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plaintiffs seeking compensation from the effects of global warming have encountered challenging legal barriers. Until 2009, courts consistently dismissed global warming suits as political questions or for lack of standing. In Comer v. Murphy Oil USA, property owners along the Mississippi Gulf coast sued oil and energy companies in nuisance for emitting greenhouse gases that contributed to global warming and

Katherine A Guarino

2011-01-01

317

RCRA Citizen Suits and State Courts: Jurisdictional Trap after Davis v. Sun Oil Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the problems of splitting a cause of action between state and federal courts when both a RCRA citizen suit and common law claims could be made. The author addresses this issue through analyzing the history of Davis v. Sun Oil Company. The issue of whether or not there was concurrent federal and state court jurisdiction over RCRA

A. Mark Segreti Jr

2001-01-01

318

Attorneys' Fees and the Conflict Between Rule 68 and the Clean Water Act's Citizen Suit Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental “citizen suit” statutes provide incentives for citizens to bring enforcement actions by awarding successful plaintiffs reasonable attorneys’ fees. Defendants have attempted to use Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 68 to block a successful plaintiff’s recovery of attorneys’ fees. Under Rule 68, defendants may offer to allow a judgment to be issued against them for a fixed dollar amount. Plaintiffs

Daniel E Burgoyne

2006-01-01

319

The 1990 Amendments and Section 304: The Specter of Increased Citizen Suit Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, CAA citizen suits have been few in number, due at least in part to differences in compliance reporting and the availability of civil penalties. However the Amendments dramatically changed this situation by making proof of non-compliance far easier and enabling private plaintiffs to seek civil penalty relief. This article discusses in detail the

Scott M. DuBoff

1992-01-01

320

Teaching contact metamorphism, isograds, and mixed-volatile reactions: A suite-based approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important goal of teaching Introductory Petrology is to demonstrate how different kinds of approaches are integrated in studying petrologic problems. Depending on the goals of the study data used can be from the field, hand-sample, microscope, electron beam instrument, or mass spectrometer. A suite of samples with a known geographical and geological context can help students in drawing connections

W. H. Peck

2003-01-01

321

Testing and evaluation of the US Navy supplied-air suit  

SciTech Connect

The data evaluating the suit were obtained by following the schedules prescribed in Specifications for Test Procedures for Airline-Type Supplied-Air Suits, (LA-5958-MS). Testing was limited to (a) determining the protection factors provided, (b) evaluating interior sound pressure levels, (c) evaluating integrity of air lines and connectors, and (d) evaluating suit removal procedures. Tests did not consider heat stress, flammability, or material stressing. The testing was performed by the WPSS using a 16-cubic meter test chamber and a polydispersed dioctyl phthalate (DOP) aerosol. Aerosol concentrations were measured with a Los Alamos model 69H light-scattering photometer capable of reliably indicating leakages of 5 parts in 100,000. Protection factors (PFs) were calculated by establishing a ratio of the challenge aerosol concentration divided by the average peak penetration. Using this method, the Navy spunbonded olefin supplied-air suit indicated protection factors in excess of 18K for all subjects tested and in all tests performed.

Bradley, O.D.; DeField, J.D.

1981-02-01

322

Paleomagnetism of the latest Cretaceous-Paleocene intrusive suite of the Mezcala district, southern Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paleomagnetic data from three plutons of the latest Cretaceous to early Tertiary Mezcala intrusive suite, of the Mezcala mining district in northern Guerrero State, in southern Mexico, are characterized by well-defined near univectorial magnetizations of both normal and reverse polarities. The magnetizations reside primarily in a ferromagnetic cubic phase (magnetite or maghemite) and partly in hematite. Within-site dispersion is relatively

R. S. Molina Garza; L. Alva Valdivia

2006-01-01

323

Description and Evaluation of a Portable Dry-Ice Water-Conditioned Suit System for Aircrewmembers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A portable water-conditioned suit system, employing a dry-ice cooler designed and constructed at the Naval Air Development Center and a commercially available water-cooled vest, was evaluated by exposing two sitting-resting subjects at sea level pressure ...

J. J. Esposito

1969-01-01

324

Development of a perfusion suit incorporating auxiliary heating and cooling system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based upon numerous assertions that a garment should be developed to maximise athletes' muscle performance while maintaining freedom of movement, this paper initially discusses the development of a perfusion suit that utilises a flexible single layer cooling system, with a view to the development of a cooling garment that does not employ a conventional tubing system which can restrict movement.

J. E. Ruckman; S. G. Hayes; J. H. Cho

2002-01-01

325

Assessing feasibility of electrochromic space suit radiators for reducing extravehicular activity water consumption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water consumption for space suit thermal control is a limiting factor on long-term space exploration missions. A concept is proposed for an integrated, flexible suit radiator using infrared electrochromic materials for modulated heat rejection from the suit. Properties of electrochromic materials, the structure of electrochromic devices, and relevant heat transfer processes are presented as background information. Analytical methods are employed to bound theoretical performance and determine required emissivity ranges for lunar surface operations. Case studies are presented incorporating Apollo program and Advanced Walkback Test metabolic and environmental data to estimate sublimator water consumption and hypothetical water savings with the electrochromic radiator. Concepts are presented and analyzed for integrating an electrochromic radiator with existing and future space suit designs. A preliminary systems-level trade analysis is performed with the Equivalent System Mass metric used to compare this technology with the legacy sublimator and other extravehicular activity cooling technologies in development. Experimental objectives, procedures, and results are presented for both bench-top and thermal vacuum testing of electrochromic radiator materials.

Metts, Jonathan Glen

326

Data Analysis and Graphing in an Introductory Physics Laboratory: Spreadsheet versus Statistics Suite  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two methods of data analysis are compared: spreadsheet software and a statistics software suite. Their use is compared analysing data collected in three selected experiments taken from an introductory physics laboratory, which include a linear dependence, a nonlinear dependence and a histogram. The merits of each method are compared. (Contains 7…

Peterlin, Primoz

2010-01-01

327

ALLFlight: a full scale enhanced and synthetic vision sensor suite for helicopter applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2008 the German Aerospace Center (DLR) started the project ALLFlight (Assisted Low Level Flight and Landing on Unprepared Landing Sites). This project deals with the integration of a full scale enhanced vision sensor suite onto the DLR's research helicopter EC135. This sensor suite consists of a variety of imaging sensors, including a color TV camera and an un-cooled thermal infrared camera. Two different ranging sensors are also part of this sensor suite: an optical radar scanner and a millimeter wave radar system. Both radar systems are equipped with specialized software for experimental modes, such as terrain mapping and ground scanning. To be able to process and display the huge incoming flood of data from these sensors, a compact high performance sensor co-computer system (SCC) has been designed and realized, which can easily be installed into the helicopter's cargo bay. A sophisticated, high performance, distributed data acquisition, recording, processing, and fusion software architecture has been developed and implemented during the first project year. The paper describes the challenging mechanical integration of such a comprehensive sensor suite onto the EC135 and explains the architectural hard- and software concept and the implementation on the SCC.

Doehler, H.-U.; Lueken, T.; Lantzsch, R.

2009-05-01

328

PYROLYSIS-MASS SPECTROMETRY/PATTERN RECOGNITION ON A WELL-CHARACTERIZED SUITE OF HUMIC SAMPLES  

EPA Science Inventory

A suite of well-characterized humic and fulvic acids of freshwater, soil and plant origin was subjected to pyrolysis-mass spectrometry and the resulting data were analyzed by pattern recognition and factor analysis. A factor analysis plot of the data shows that the humic acids an...

329

Suits for Damages and Attorneys' Fees Against School Districts and School Officials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores legal issues that have arisen since the overruling of Monroe v. Pape, a case holding that municipalities were not persons and therefore immune from suit. Monell v. Department of Social Services of City of New York ruled that local governmental bodies, including officials in their official capacities, can be sued directly for…

Frels, Kelly

330

46 CFR 160.171-17 - Approval testing for adult size immersion suit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the surface of the water. (iii) A scale or load cell that has an accuracy of 0.15 Newtons (1/2 oz...better than the sample of 410 stainless steel. (l) Body strength. The body strength of a suit must be tested under the...

2011-10-01

331

The 3.66 Ga Nuvvuagittuq Tonalite-Trondhjemite-Granodiorite Suite: A Case of Hadean Anatexis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ca 3.8-4.3 Ga Nuvvuagittuq supracrustal sequence in northern Quebec, Canada, ranks as one of the most exciting early Earth terrain discoveries of the past fifteen years. The supracrustal sequence consists of mafic amphibolite rocks with rare felsic schists along with ultramafic sills and oxide-rich and quartz-rich iron formation. The supracrustal sequence is semi-oval in form and is folded around a core of foliated tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite (TTG) suite. A similar TTG suite forms a sheath around the exterior margin of the Nuvvuagittuq supracrustal sequence. Zircons from a felsic volcanic unit within the sequence yielded a minimum age of 3.8 Ga (U-Pb) for volcanic rocks of the sequence (David et al. 2009). A study of the Nd142 isotope systematics of the sequence found evidence for a Nd142 deficit in the sequence and a Nd142-Sm147 isochron yielded an age of 4.28 Ga (O'Neil et al. 2008). Dating of zircons from the tonalite sheath (U-Pb TIMS; David et al., 2009) and from the inner core (U-Pb SHRIMP; this study) yield similar ages (3.66 Ga). Zircons from this sequence undoubtedly contributed to the Hf isotopic composition of Archean sedimentary sequences of the Canadian Shield (Stevenson and Patchett 1990).The zircons from the TTG suite are very homogeneous and only have rare thin metamorphic rims that yield an age of 2.7 Ga (U-Pb Shrimp; this study). Radiogenic isotope studies (Sm-Nd and Lu-Hf) indicate that the TTG suite is an anatectic product of the melting of the Nuvvuagittuq supracrustal suite. The geochemical compositions of the Nuvvuagittuq TTG suite are compared with the compositions of ca 3.6 TTG suites from other localities around the world. David, J. Godin, L., Stevenson, R., O'Neil, J. and Francis, D. 2009. U-Pb ages (3.8-2.7 Ga) and Nd isotope data from the newly- identified Eoarchean Nuvvuagittuq supracrustal sequence, Superior Craton, Canada. GSA Bulletin 121; 150-163. O'Neil, J., Carlson, R.W., Francis, D., and Stevenson, R.K. 2008. Neodymium-142 Evidence Hadean Mafic Crust. Science 321 (Sept. 26), 1828-1831. Stevenson, R.K. and Patchett, P.J. (1990): Implications for the evolution of continental crust from Hf isotope systematics of Archean detrital zircons. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54, 1683-1697.

Stevenson, R. K.; Bizzarro, M.

2011-12-01

332

Early crustal building processes on the moon: Models for the petrogenesis of the magnesian suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The plutonic rocks of the magnesian suite (Mg-suite) represent the period of lunar basaltic magmatism and crustal growth (˜4.46 to 4.1 Ga) that immediately followed the initial differentiation of the Moon by magma ocean (LMO) formation and crystallization. The volume and distribution of the Mg-suite and its petrogenetic relationship to latter stages of lunar magmatism (mare basalts) remains obscure. These plutonic rocks exhibit a range of compositions and include ultramafics, troctolites, spinel troctolites, norites, and gabbronorites. A distinguishing characteristic of this suite is that they contain some of the most magnesium-rich phases (Fo 95-90) that had crystallized from lunar magmas, yet they also are significantly enriched in an incompatible element component referred to as KREEP (a late-stage product of LMO crystallization containing abundant potassium (K), rare earth elements (REE), phosphorous (P), uranium, and thorium). Ion microprobe analyses of individual mineral phases (olivine, pyroxene, and plagioclase) from the Mg-suite have shown some very unexpected characteristics that have profound implications on the origin of these basaltic magmas. Although the Mg-suite lithologies are typified by silicates with relatively high Mg', early liquidus phases such as olivine are fairly low in Ni, Co, and Cr relative to more iron-rich olivines in the younger mare basalts. The high Y and Ti/Y in early phases such as olivine and orthopyroxene indicate that the parental basaltic melts were high in incompatible elements and contained an "ilmenite fractionation" signature. However, the Y in olivine from many of the troctolites and ultramafic lithologies are only slightly greater than that of the olivine in the mare basalts whereas olivine in the norites, gabbronorites, and Apollo 14 troctolites are exceedingly high. The KREEP component may have been added to the Mg-suite parent magmas by assimilation or mixing into the mantle source. The volume of KREEP required to be added to the parental magmas of the Mg-suite tends to favor the latter mechanism for KREEP incorporation. The extremely high abundances of KREEP in the norites and gabbronorites are a product of substantial crystallization (40% to 70%) of KREEP-enriched Mg-suite parental magmas. Basaltic magmatism associated with KREEP extended for over 1.5 billion years and appears to have changed over time. The early stages of this style of lunar magmatism (Mg-suite) appear to represent melting of early LMO cumulates with low abundances of Ni, Co, Cr, and V. Later stages of KREEP-rich basaltic magmatism seemed to clearly involve melting of a variety of LMO cumulate assemblages with higher incompatible element enrichment. It appears that the heat derived from the KREEP component was instrumental in at least initiating melting of the lunar mantle over this period of time.

Shearer, Charles K.; Papike, J. J.

2005-07-01

333

Isotopic variation in the Tuolumne Intrusive Suite, central Sierra Nevada, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Granitoid rocks of the compositionally zoned Late Cretaceous Toulumne Intrusive Suite in the central Sierra Nevada, California, have initial87Sr/86Sr values (Sri) and143Nd/144Nd values (Ndi) that vary from 0.7057 to 0.7067 and from 0.51239 to 0.51211 respectively. The observed variation of both Sri and Ndi and of chemical composition in rocks of the suite cannot be due to crystal fractionation of magma solely under closed system conditons. The largest variation in chemistry, Ndi, and Sri is present in the outer-most equigranular units of the Tuolumne Intrusive Suite. Sri varies positively with SiO2, Na2O, K2O, and Rb concentrations, and negatively with Ndi, Al2O3, Fe2O3, MgO, FeO, CaO, MnO, P2O5, TiO2, and Sr concentrations. This covariation of Sri, Ndi and chemistry can be modeled by a process of simple mixing of basaltic and granitic magmas having weight percent SiO2 of 48.0 and 73.3 respectively. Isotopic characteristic of the mafic magma are Sri=0.7047, Ndi=0.51269 and ??18O=6.0, and of the felsic magma are Sri=0.7068, Ndi=0.51212 and ??18O=8.9. The rocks sampled contain from 50 to 80% of the felsic component. An aplite in the outer equigranular unit of the Tuolumne Intrusive Suite apparently was derived by fractional crystallization of plagioclase and hornblende from magma with granudiorite composition that was a product of mixing of the magmas described above. Siliceous magmas derived from the lower crust, having a maximum of 15 percent mantle-derived mafic component, are represented by the inner prophyritic units of the Tuolumne Intrusive Suite. ?? 1986 Springer-Verlag.

Kistler, R. W.; Chappell, B. W.; Peck, D. L.; Bateman, P. C.

1986-01-01

334

Smart suit for horse trainers-power and skill assist based on semi-active assist and energy control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes semi-active assist control in the form of a smart suit for horse trainers. We have developed a soft and flexible power assist device named ”smart suit” for reducing user's physical fatigue. The smart suit is a semi-active and flexible power assist devices. The semi-active assist mechanism consisting of elastic materials and a small DC motor is our

Takashi Kusaka; Takayuki Tanaka; S. Kaneko; Y. Suzuki; M. Saito; H. Kajiwara

2010-01-01

335

Nickel, Cobalt and Chromium in early lunar magma ocean olivine: Constraints on the petrogenesis of the Mg-suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The parental magmas of the lunar highlands Mg-suite cumulates had enigmatic chemical signatures. They co-crystallized Mg-rich olivine and Ca-rich plagioclase and had extremely evolved trace element signatures (KREEP). Most models of Mg-suite petrogenesis call upon early, Mg-rich, olivine dominated LMO cumulates as a source to explain the high Mg* of the parental magmas. The olivine in the Mg-suite, however, contains

S. M. Elardo; C. Shearer Jr.; D. S. Draper

2010-01-01

336

Sedation and Anesthesia Options for Pediatric Patients in the Radiation Oncology Suite  

PubMed Central

External beam radiation therapy (XRT) has become one of the cornerstones in the management of pediatric oncology cases. While the procedure itself is painless, the anxiety it causes may necessitate the provision of sedation or anesthesia for the patient. This review paper will briefly review the XRT procedure itself so that the anesthesia provider has an understanding of what is occurring during the simulation and treatment phases. We will then examine several currently used regimens for the provision of pediatric sedation in the XRT suite as well as a discussion of when and how general anesthesia should be performed if deemed necessary. Standards of care with respect to patient monitoring will be addressed. We will conclude with a survey of the developing field of radiation-based therapy administered outside of the XRT suite.

Harris, Eric A.

2010-01-01

337

Systematic use of trace element distribution patterns in log-log diagrams for plutonic suites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Trace element modelling has been widely used for petrogenetic interpretation of basaltic systems. This paper indicates how to select trace element pairs having very different bulk distribution coefficients ( D ) which when plotted on simple log-log diagrams permit the identification of the main magmatic process (magma mixing, partial melting, fractional crystallization) involved in the genesis of plutonic rocks. Fractional crystallization gives a straight line on such a diagram with a strong decrease of the compatible element whereas the concentrations of the element with D << 1 increase slowly. A similar evolution of the solids in equilibrium is observed and when data of at least one of the cumulates are directly available, it is possible to calculate the D and F parameters of the sequence of fractional crystallization. An example of this procedure is shown for a French Hercynian plutonic suite: the basic suite of Variscan Corsica.

Cocherie, Alain

1986-11-01

338

The HiBench benchmark suite: Characterization of the MapReduce-based data analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MapReduce model is becoming prominent for the large-scale data analysis in the cloud. In this paper, we present the benchmarking, evaluation and characterization of Hadoop, an open-source implementation of MapReduce. We first introduce HiBench, a new benchmark suite for Hadoop. It consists of a set of Hadoop programs, including both synthetic micro-benchmarks and real-world Hadoop applications. We then evaluate

Shengsheng Huang; Jie Huang; Jinquan Dai; Tao Xie; Bo Huang

2010-01-01

339

Deployable Suite of Data Mining Web Services for Online Science Data Repositories  

Microsoft Academic Search

1Abstract Aproject is currently underway,to create a suite ofspecialized,deployable ,data mining ,web services designed specifically for science data. The,project ,leverages ,the ,Algorithm Development,and Mining (ADaM) toolkit as the basis. The ADaM toolkit is a robust, mature and freely available science data mining toolkit that isbeing used by different research organizations and,educational ,institutions worldwide. These deployable services will give the,scientific ,community

Sara Graves; Rahul Ramachandran; Ken Keiser; Manil Maskey

340

A full tactile sensing suite for dextrous robot hands and use in contact force control  

Microsoft Academic Search

A full tactile sensing suite for the finger segments and palm of the Utah\\/MIT dextrous hand is presented. The rubber-based sensors employ capacitance sensing and floating electrodes in the top layer, and contain local electronics for excitation, filtering, analog-to-digital conversion, and serial communication. Experimental results on static, dynamic, and spatial properties are presented. Use of the tactile sensor in contact

David Johnston; Ping Zhang; John Hollerbach; Stephen Jacobsen

1996-01-01

341

Test-Suite Reduction and Prioritization for Modified Condition\\/Decision Coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software testing is particularly expensive for developers of high-assurance software, such as software that is produced for commercial airborne systems. One reason for this expense is the Federal Aviation Administration's requirement that test suites be modified condition\\/decision coverage (MC\\/DC) adequate. Despite its cost, there is evidence that MC\\/DC is an effective verification technique and can help to uncover safety faults.

James A. Jones; Mary Jean Harrold

2003-01-01

342

Test-Suite Reduction and Prioritization for Modified Condition\\/Decision Coverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software testing is particularly expensive for developers of high-assurance software, such as software that is pro- duced for commercial airborne systems. One reason for this expense is the Federal Aviation Administration's require- ment that test suites be modified condition\\/decision cover- age (MC\\/DC) adequate. Despite its cost, there is evidence that MC\\/DC is an effective verification technique, and can help to

James A. Jones; Mary Jean Harrold

2001-01-01

343

Benchmark Problem Suite for Reactor Physics Study of LWR Next Generation Fuels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a benchmark problem suite for studying the physics of next-generation fuels of light water reactors. The target discharge burnup of the next-generation fuel was set to 70 GWd\\/t considering the increasing trend in discharge burnup of light water reactor fuels. The UO2 and MOX fuels are included in the benchmark specifications. The benchmark problem consists of three

Akio YAMAMOTO; Tadashi IKEHARA; Takuya ITO; Etsuro SAJI

2002-01-01

344

New inline AFM metrology tool suited for LSI manufacturing at the 45-nm node and beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new inline metrology tool utilizing atomic force microscope (AFM) suited for LSI manufacturing at the 45-nm node and beyond has been developed. The developed AFM is featuring both of high-speed wafer processing (throughput: 30 WPH) and high-precision measurement (static repeatability: 0.5nm in 3sigma). Several types of carbon nanotube (CNT) probes specially designed for the AFM have also been developed.

Manabu Edamura; Yuichi Kunitomo; Takafumi Morimoto; Satoshi Sekino; Toru Kurenuma; Yukio Kembo; Masahiro Watanabe; Shuichi Baba; Kishio Hidaka

2007-01-01

345

ToppGene Suite for gene list enrichment analysis and candidate gene prioritization  

Microsoft Academic Search

ToppGene Suite (http:\\/\\/toppgene.cchmc.org; this web site is free and open to all users and does not require a login to access) is a one-stop portal for (i) gene list functional enrichment, (ii) candidate gene prioritization using either functional annota- tions or network analysis and (iii) identification and prioritization of novel disease candidate genes in the interactome. Functional annotation-based dis- ease

Jing Chen; Eric E. Bardes; Bruce J. Aronow; Anil G. Jegga

2009-01-01

346

Paleomagnetism of the latest Cretaceous-Paleocene intrusive suite of the Mezcala district, southern Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

discordance may be explained by tilt down-to-the-northeast of the structural block that contains the intrusive suite of about 40? about a NW-SE trending axis, or perhaps more likely and based on additional geological evidence, by a combination of ?20? of counterclockwise rotation about a vertical axis and a smaller amount of tilt. Vertical- axis-rotation is supported by paleomagnetic data from

Roberto S. Molina Garza; Luis Alva Valdivia

347

Simulating Visible\\/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Data Using Hyperion and MODIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of MODIS (the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) in creating unprecedented, timely, high-quality data for vegetation and other studies has created great anticipation for data from VIIRS (the Visible\\/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite). VIIRS will be carried onboard the joint NASA\\/Department of Defense\\/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPP (NPOESS (National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System) Preparatory Project). Because the VIIRS

K. W. Ross; R. E. Ryan; J. Russell

2006-01-01

348

Tableau de classement des décès d'enfants par suite de maltraitance dans les nations riches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Près de 3500 enfants de moins de 15 ans (don’t plus de 1000 rien qu'au Mexique) succombent chaque année par suite de négligence et de sévices physiques. La maltraitance tue chaque semaine deux enfants en Allemagne et au Royaume-Uni, trois en France, près de quatre au Japon, et 27 aux Etats-Unis. Globalement, environ un tiers de ces décès entre dans

2003-01-01

349

Defending mining claims and mineral leases in environmental suits against federal land managers  

SciTech Connect

Suits in the last 4-5 years jeopardize the title of thousands of mining claims and mineral leases. The cases presenting the most striking examples are National Wildlife Federation v. Burford, Connor v. Burford, Sierra Club V. Watt, and Bob Marshall Alliance v. Watt. From the claimants' and lessees' point of view, these decisions granted environmental groups sweeping, though somewhat ill-defined, relief. The challenges by environmental groups are based on statutes designed to bring environmental considerations before federal decision makers. The claimants and lessees are caught in the middle of the exchange between environmentalists and federal agencies. Lawsuits that indirectly challenge leases and claims are unlike environmental challenges to fixed projects such as highways or dams. Those affected often times do not know exactly what is at stake. When the challenge is indirect, unexplored, or partially explored, proper ties have only speculative value and the claimants and lessees are often unwilling or unable to engage in a fight with well-heeled environmental public interest law firms. While the federal government has defended the suits, their interests and those of the claimants and lessees may diverge. In the context of the four cases mentioned above, this paper addresses the rights and remedies of claimants and lessees before, during, and after environmental procedural suits that indirectly challenge federal mining claims and mineral leases.

Twelker, E. (Mountain States Legal Foundation, Denver, CO (USA))

1989-01-01

350

DelPhi: a comprehensive suite for DelPhi software and associated resources  

PubMed Central

Background Accurate modeling of electrostatic potential and corresponding energies becomes increasingly important for understanding properties of biological macromolecules and their complexes. However, this is not an easy task due to the irregular shape of biological entities and the presence of water and mobile ions. Results Here we report a comprehensive suite for the well-known Poisson-Boltzmann solver, DelPhi, enriched with additional features to facilitate DelPhi usage. The suite allows for easy download of both DelPhi executable files and source code along with a makefile for local installations. The users can obtain the DelPhi manual and parameter files required for the corresponding investigation. Non-experienced researchers can download examples containing all necessary data to carry out DelPhi runs on a set of selected examples illustrating various DelPhi features and demonstrating DelPhi’s accuracy against analytical solutions. Conclusions DelPhi suite offers not only the DelPhi executable and sources files, examples and parameter files, but also provides links to third party developed resources either utilizing DelPhi or providing plugins for DelPhi. In addition, the users and developers are offered a forum to share ideas, resolve issues, report bugs and seek help with respect to the DelPhi package. The resource is available free of charge for academic users from URL: http://compbio.clemson.edu/DelPhi.php.

2012-01-01

351

FRACTAL Systems & Project suite: engineering tools for improving development and operation of the systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the FRACTAL Systems & Projects suite. This suite is composed by several tools (GECO, DOCMA and SUMO) that provide the capabilities that all organizations need to store and manage the system information generated along the project's lifetime, from the design phase to the operation phase. The amount of information that is generated in a project keeps growing in size and complexity along the project's lifetime, to an extent that it becomes impossible to manage it without the aid of specific computer-based tools. The suite described in this paper is the solution developed by FRACTAL to assist the execution of different scientific projects, mainly related with telescopes and instruments, for astronomical research centres. These tools help the system and project engineers to maintain the technical control of the systems and to ensure an optimal use of the resources. GECO eases the control of the system configuration data; DOCMA provides the means to organise and manage the documents generated in the project; SUMO allows managing and scheduling the operation, the maintenance activities and the resources during the operational phase of a system. These tools improve the project communication making the information available to the authorized users (project team, customers, Consortium's members, etc). Finally and depending on the project needs, these three tools can be used integrated or in an independent manner.

Pérez-Calpena, A.; Mujica-Alvarez, E.; Osinde-Lopez, J.; García-Vargas, M.

2008-07-01

352

Towards the Integration of APECS and VE-Suite for Virtual Power Plant Co-Simulation  

SciTech Connect

Process modeling and simulation tools are widely used for the design and operation of advanced power generation systems. These tools enable engineers to solve the critical process systems engineering problems that arise throughout the lifecycle of a power plant, such as designing a new process, troubleshooting a process unit or optimizing operations of the full process. To analyze the impact of complex thermal and fluid flow phenomena on overall power plant performance, the Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has developed the Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator (APECS). The APECS system is an integrated software suite that combines process simulation (e.g., Aspen Plus) and high-fidelity equipment simulations such as those based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD), together with advanced analysis capabilities including case studies, sensitivity analysis, stochastic simulation for risk/uncertainty analysis, and multi-objective optimization. In this paper we discuss the initial phases of the integration of the APECS system with the immersive and interactive virtual engineering software, VE-Suite, developed at Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory. VE-Suite uses the ActiveX (OLE Automation) controls in the Aspen Plus process simulator wrapped by the CASI library developed by Reaction Engineering International to run process/CFD co-simulations and query for results. This integration represents a necessary step in the development of virtual power plant co-simulations that will ultimately reduce the time, cost, and technical risk of developing advanced power generation systems.

Zitney, S.E.; McCorkle, D. (Iowa State University, Ames, IA); Yang, C. (Reaction Engineering International, Salt Lake City, UT); Jordan, T.; Swensen, D. (Reaction Engineering International, Salt Lake City, UT); Bryden, M. (Iowa State University, Ames, IA)

2007-05-01

353

43 CFR 3000.5 - Limitations on time to institute suit to contest a decision of the Secretary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Limitations on time to institute suit to contest a decision of the Secretary. 3000.5 Section 3000.5...General § 3000.5 Limitations on time to institute suit to contest a decision of the Secretary. No action contesting a...

2012-10-01

354

Selection and Testing of a Glove Combination for Use with the U.S. Coast Guard's Chemical Response Suit  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was sponsored by the U.S. Coast Guard to select a glove system for its chemical response suit that could meet or exceed the chemical resistance performance of the suit's base material. Three different protective glove combinations were evaluated for their permeation resistance to 28 chemicals. The glove combinations were based on three materials–Vilon®, butyl rubber, and Silvershield®. The

JEFFREY O. STULL; BRUCE HERRING

1990-01-01

355

Integrated Network Design Tools (INDT): a suite of network design tools for current and next generation networking technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrated Network Design Tools (INDT) is a suite of tools being developed at Bell Labs. This suite of tools is built on a flexible software architecture based on C++ and can provide optimal network design for a mix of private line, switched voice and switched multimedia services using a mix of circuit and ATM switches and cross connects and facilities

B. T. Doshi; C. A. Funka-Lea; P. Harshavardhana; J. Gong; R. Nagarajan; S. Ravikumar; S. Chen; Y. Wang

1997-01-01

356

Polluter-financed environmentally beneficial expenditures: Effective use or improper abuse of citizen suits under the Clean Water Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1970, recognizing the cumbersome and often ineffective enforcement mechanisms in existing federal water and air pollution statutes, Congress passed the first citizen suit provision. This provision of the Clean Water Act was the subject of intense debate and underwent several transitions before it was finally adopted. With the advent of citizen suits in environmental legislation, Congress opened the courts

Mann

1991-01-01

357

STING Millennium: a web-based suite of programs for comprehensive and simultaneous analysis of protein structure and sequence  

Microsoft Academic Search

STING Millennium Suite (SMS) is a new web-based suite of programs and databases providing visuali- zation and a complex analysis of molecular sequence and structure for the data deposited at the Protein Data Bank (PDB). SMS operates with a collection of both publicly available data (PDB, HSSP, Prosite) and its own data (contacts, interface contacts, surface accessibility). Biologists find SMS

Goran Neshich; Roberto C. Togawa; Adauto L. Mancini; Paula R. Kuser; Michel E. B. Yamagishi; Georgios Joannis Pappas Jr.; Wellington V. Torres; Tharsis Fonseca E Campos; Leonardo L. Ferreira; Fabio M. Luna; Adilton G. Oliveira; Ronald T. Miura; Marcus K. Inoue; Luiz G. Horita; Dimas F. De Souza; Fabiana Dominiquini; Alexandre Alvaro; Cleber S. Lima; Fabio O. Ogawa; Gabriel B. Gomes; Juliana F. Palandrani; Gabriela F. Dos Santos; Esther M. De Freitas; Amanda R. Mattiuz; Ivan C. Costa; Celso L. De Almeida; Savio Souza; Christian Baudet; Roberto H. Higa

2003-01-01

358

20 CFR 30.619 - Do all the parties to this type of tort suit have to take these actions?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Provisions Effect of Tort Suits Against Beryllium Vendors and Atomic Weapons Employers...a tort suit may be filed against a beryllium vendor by both a covered Part B employee...Part B employee claiming for chronic beryllium disease and the spouse claiming...

2013-04-01

359

20 CFR 30.616 - What happens if this type of tort suit was filed prior to October 30, 2000?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AMENDED Special Provisions Effect of Tort Suits Against Beryllium Vendors and Atomic Weapons Employers § 30.616 What...covered Part B employee's employment-related exposure to beryllium or radiation that were included in the tort suit prior to...

2013-04-01

360

9 CFR 201.33 - Persons damaged may maintain suit; filing and notification of claims; time limitations; legal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ACT Market Agency, Dealer and Packer Bonds § 201.33 Persons damaged may maintain suit; filing and...equivalent may maintain suit to recover on the bond or bond equivalent even though such person is not a party named in the bond or...

2013-01-01

361

[Maximal exercise in spinal cord injured subjects: effects of an antigravity suit].  

PubMed

Paraplegics have low aerobic capacity because of the spinal cord injury. Their functional muscle mass is reduced and usually untrained. They have to use upperbody muscles for displacements and daily activities. Sympathic nervous system injury is responsible of vasomotricity disturbances in leg vessels and possible abdominal vessels, proportionally to level injury. If cord injury level is higher than T5, then sympathic cardiac efferences may be damaged. Underbody muscles atrophy and vasomotricity disturbances contribute to phlebostasis. This stasis may decrease venous return, preload and stroke volume (Starling). To maintain appropriate cardiac output, tachycardia is necessary, especially during exercise. Low stroke volume, all the more since it is associated with cardio-acceleration disturbances, may reduce cardiac output reserve, and so constitutes a limiting factor for adaptation to exercise. The aim of this study was to verify if use of an underlesional pressure suit may increase cardiac output reserve because of lower venous stasis, and increase performance. We studied 10 able-bodied and 14 traumatic paraplegic subjects. Able-bodied subjects were 37 +/- 6 years old, wellbeing, not especially trained with upperbody muscles: there were 2 women and 8 men. Paraplegics were 27 +/- 7 years old, wellbeing except paraplegia, five of them practiced sport regularly (athletism or basket for disabled), and the others just daily propelled their wheelchair; there were 5 women and 9 men. For 8 of them, cord injury levels were located below T7, between T1 and T6 for the others. The age disability varied from 6 months to 2 years for 9 of them, it was approximately five years for 4 of them, and 20 years for one. We used a maximal triangular arm crank exercise with an electro-magnetic ergocycle Gauthier frame. After five minutes warm up, it was proceeded in one minute successive stages until maximal oxygen consumption is raised. VO2, VCO2, RER were measured by direct method with an Ergostar analyser every 30 seconds. Heart rate was registered continuously using a cardio-frequence-meter Baumann, and ECG was observed on a Cardiovit electro-cardiograph. Each subject reached maximal exercises on different days: one without any contention, and the other one with abdomen and legs contention using an antigravity suit, inflated to 45-50 mm Hg for legs and 30-40 mm Hg for abdomen. The able-bodied subjects VO2 peak was 24 +/- 5.8 mL min-1 kg-1, without any change on peak VO2 and on cardiac frequency when pressure suit was used. Results were different for paraplegics: peak VO2 was significantly higher (21.5 +/- 6.5 mL min-1 kg-1 without contention and 23.8 +/- 6.3 mL min-1 kg-1 with contention), heart rate was significantly lower at all stages of exercise with antigravity suit and comfort was better during exercise and rest. In our study, contention contributed to increase paraplegics's performances, but responses depend also on spinal cord level, injury age, spasticity. Therefore, testing paraplegics using an antigravity suit may be useful to determine if neurovegetative disturbances significantly modify their cardiac adaptation and capability. If gravity suit is efficient, contention tights might be prescribed, with respect to subject's legs measurements. But, because these tights are very difficult to put on, their efficiency has to be proved before, the motivation of the subject is essential too. PMID:11541516

Bazzi-Grossin, C; Bonnin, P; Bailliart, O; Bazzi, H; Kedra, A W; Martineaud, J P

1996-01-01

362

A suite of twelve single nucleotide polymorphism markers for detecting introgression between cutthroat and rainbow trout.  

PubMed

A suite of 12 subspecies and species-specific single nucleotide polymorphism (species-specific SNP) markers was developed to distinguish rainbow trout (RT) Oncorhynchus mykiss from the four major subspecies of cutthroat trout: westslope cutthroat trout (WCT) Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi, Yellowstone cutthroat trout (YCT) Oncorhynchus clarki bouvieri, coastal cutthroat trout (CCT) Oncorhynchus clarki clarki, Lahontan cutthroat trout (LCT) Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi, and their hybrids. Several of the markers were linked to help strengthen hybrid determinations, and sex-specific species-specific SNP assays were also developed. PMID:21429149

Harwood, Andrew S; Phillips, Ruth B

2010-11-10

363

Cortical mapping and frameless stereotactic navigation in the high-field intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging suite.  

PubMed

Frameless stereotactic neuronavigation provides tracking of surgical instruments on radiographic images and orients the surgeon to tumor margins at surgery. Bipolar electrical stimulation mapping (ESM) delineates safe limits for resection of brain tumors adjacent to eloquent cortex. These standard techniques could complement the capability of intraoperative MR (iMR) imaging to evaluate for occult residual disease during surgery and promote more complete tumor removal. The use of frameless neuronavigation in the high-field iMR imaging suite requires that a few pieces of standard equipment be replaced by nonferromagnetic instruments. Specific use of ESM in a high-field iMR imaging suite has not been reported in the literature. To study whether frameless neuronavigation and electrical stimulation mapping could be successfully integrated in the high-field iMR imaging suite, the authors employed these modalities in 10 consecutive cases involving patients undergoing conscious craniotomy for primary brain tumors located in or adjacent to eloquent cortices. Equipment included a custom high-field MR imaging-compatible head holder and dynamic reference frame attachment, a standard MR imaging-compatible dynamic reference frame, a standard MR imaging machine with a table top that could be translated to a pedestal outside the 5-gauss line for the operative intervention, and standard neuronavigational and cortical stimulation equipment. Both ESM and frameless stereotactic guidance were performed outside the 5-gauss line. The presence of residual neoplasm was evaluated using iMR imaging; resection was continued until eloquent areas were encountered or iMR imaging confirmed complete removal of any residual tumor. Mapping identified essential language (5 patients), sensory (6), and motor (7) areas. The combined use of frameless stereotactic navigation, ESM, and iMR imaging resulted in complete radiographic resection in 7 cases and resection to an eloquent margin in 3 cases. Postoperative MR imaging confirmed final iMR imaging findings. No patient experienced a permanent new neurological deficit. Familiar techniques such as frameless navigation and ESM can be rapidly, inexpensively, safely, and effectively integrated into the high-field iMR imaging suite. PMID:19499978

Weingarten, David M; Asthagiri, Ashok R; Butman, John A; Sato, Susumu; Wiggs, Edythe A; Damaska, Bonita; Heiss, John D

2009-12-01

364

The delivery room of the future: the fetal and neonatal resuscitation and transition suite.  

PubMed

Despite advances in the understanding of fetal and neonatal physiology and the technology to monitor and treat premature and full-term neonates, little has changed in resuscitation rooms. The authors' vision for the Fetal and Neonatal Resuscitation and Transition Suite of the future is marked by improvements in the amount of physical space, monitoring technologies, portable diagnostic and therapeutic technologies, communication systems, and capabilities and training of the resuscitation team. Human factors analysis will play an important role in the design and testing of the improvements for safe, effective, and efficient resuscitation of the newborn. PMID:23164188

Finer, Neil N; Rich, Wade; Halamek, Louis P; Leone, Tina A

2012-12-01

365

Cortical mapping and frameless stereotactic navigation in the high-field intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging suite  

PubMed Central

Frameless stereotactic neuronavigation provides tracking of surgical instruments on radiographic images and orients the surgeon to tumor margins at surgery. Bipolar electrical stimulation mapping (ESM) delineates safe limits for resection of brain tumors adjacent to eloquent cortex. These standard techniques could complement the capability of intraoperative MR (iMR) imaging to evaluate for occult residual disease during surgery and promote more complete tumor removal. The use of frameless neuronavigation in the high-field iMR imaging suite requires that a few pieces of standard equipment be replaced by nonferromagnetic instruments. Specific use of ESM in a high-field iMR imaging suite has not been reported in the literature. To study whether frameless neuronavigation and electrical stimulation mapping could be successfully integrated in the high-field iMR imaging suite, the authors employed these modalities in 10 consecutive cases involving patients undergoing conscious craniotomy for primary brain tumors located in or adjacent to eloquent cortices. Equipment included a custom high-field MR imaging–compatible head holder and dynamic reference frame attachment, a standard MR imaging–compatible dynamic reference frame, a standard MR imaging machine with a table top that could be translated to a pedestal outside the 5-gauss line for the operative intervention, and standard neuronavigational and cortical stimulation equipment. Both ESM and frameless stereotactic guidance were performed outside the 5-gauss line. The presence of residual neoplasm was evaluated using iMR imaging; resection was continued until eloquent areas were encountered or iMR imaging confirmed complete removal of any residual tumor. Mapping identified essential language (5 patients), sensory (6), and motor (7) areas. The combined use of frameless stereotactic navigation, ESM, and iMR imaging resulted in complete radiographic resection in 7 cases and resection to an eloquent margin in 3 cases. Postoperative MR imaging confirmed final iMR imaging findings. No patient experienced a permanent new neurological deficit. Familiar techniques such as frameless navigation and ESM can be rapidly, inexpensively, safely, and effectively integrated into the high-field iMR imaging suite.

Weingarten, David M.; Asthagiri, Ashok R.; Butman, John A.; Sato, Susumu; Wiggs, Edythe A.; Damaska, Bonita; Heiss, John D.

2013-01-01

366

Modeling of the operation of a mine counterrotation fan by means of the fluent suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mathematical modeling of the processes in the flow part of an axial counterrotation fan has been carried out by means of the FLUENT suite. Distributions of the gas-dynamic parameters characterizing the basic laws of the investigated process such as air flow velocity, mass flow rate, and air flow pressure have been obtained and dead regions of the construction have been revealed. It has been shown that mathematical modeling can be used for virtual (being developed) models of fans which are further embodied in real objects. The experimental data have been compared with the results of the computational modeling.

Gurina, E. I.

2010-11-01

367

The Nanotech Academy Activity C: Introduction to Nanotechnology and Cleanroom Suit Race  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan from the Nanotechnology Applications and Career Knowledge (NACK) Center introduces students to the scale that nanotechnology is based upon. Introducing the concept of the scale helps students understand why nanotechnology is important as well as the general concept of âÂÂnano.â The activity should take about 30 minutes and requires audiovisual equipment and seating. After an audiovisual presentation, the students may volunteer to participate in a cleanroom suit race. This and all other resources from the NACK Center require a fast, easy, free log-in.

2010-04-06

368

AN AIR-VENTILATED SUIT FOR WEAR IN VERY HOT ENVIRONMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifteen men, wearing an air-ventilated clothing assembly, were exposed to an ambient temperature of about 81c (178k). The suit was ventilated with dry air (6-7 mm Hg) at volumes between 283-707 l.\\/min (10-25 c.f.m.) at temperatures between 30c (86f) and 37.8c (100f). At ventilating volumes of 424 l.\\/min (15 c.f.m.) and over, the subjects were able to establish bodily thermal

G. W. CROCKFORD; R. F. HELLON; P. W. HUMPHREYS; A. R. LIND

1961-01-01

369

Developing EnviroSuite Resources at the National Synchrotron Light Source  

SciTech Connect

The objective of Brookhaven National Laboratory's EnviroSuite Initiative is to develop the facilities, user support infrastructure, and techniques necessary to conduct world-class molecular environmental science research at the NSLS. This is intended to benefit the research of ERSD-supported scientists, both through direct access and assistance and through the indirect benefits of a broader network of environmental scientists as collaborators and users. Much of the EnviroSuite research involves close collaboration with members of the Center for Environmental Molecular Science (CEMS), an EMSI based at BNL and nearby Stony Brook University and jointly supported by ERSD (Project 1023761, P. Kalb) and NSF. This offers unique opportunities to benefit from both national laboratory facilities and university resources. Other collaborators, from around the US and the world, investigate various aspects of the underlying molecular-scale processes in complex natural systems. In general, synchrotron techniques are ideal for studying the molecular-scale structures, chemical/physical interactions, and transformations that govern the macroscopic properties and processes (e.g. transport, bioavailability) of contaminants in the environment. These techniques are element-specific, non-destructive, and sensitive to the very low concentrations found in real-world samples.

Paul Northrup; Jeffrey Fitts; Mark Fuhrmann; Paul Kalb

2006-06-01

370

Thermal insulation properties of argon used as a dry suit inflation gas.  

PubMed

Uncontrolled observations from the "technical" diving community claim superior thermal comfort when replacing air with argon as dry suit inflation gas during diving. The objective of the present experiment was to evaluate the effectiveness of argon compared to air during cold water diving. Body weight, urinary output, and rectal and skin temperatures were measured in six naval divers during two dives to approximately 10 m for 60 min. Level of thermal comfort was reported. Dry suit gas was either argon or air, divers and scientists were blinded for gas identity. Urinary output was approximately 200 ml less (P < 0.05) during the air than the argon dives. Rectal and all skin temperatures decreased significantly in both groups during the dive but no difference was measured between argon and air dives. Thermal comfort was not different between the groups. Replacing air with argon neither improves subjective impression of thermal comfort nor attenuates core or skin cooling during cold water diving to 10 meters of sea water for 60 min. PMID:12067149

Risberg, J; Hope, A

2001-01-01

371

Measuring the Antarctic ozone hole with the new Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The new Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS) launched on the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite in October 2011 gives a more detailed view of the development of the Antarctic ozone hole than ever before. This instrumental suite extends the long series of satellite ozone measurements that go back to the early 1970s. The OMPS includes two modules - nadir and limb - to measure profile and total ozone concentrations. The new limb module is designed to measure the vertical profile of ozone between the lowermost stratosphere and the mesosphere. The OMPS observations over Antarctica show excellent agreement with the measurements obtained from independent satellite and ground-based instruments. This validation demonstrates that OMPS data can ably extend the ozone time series over Antarctica in the future. The OMPS observations are used to monitor and characterize the evolution of the 2012 Antarctic ozone hole. While large ozone losses were observed in September 2012, a strong ozone rebound occurred in October and November 2012. This ozone rebound is characterized by rapid increases of ozone at mid-stratospheric levels and a splitting of the ozone hole in early November. The 2012 Antarctic ozone hole was the second smallest on record since 1988.

Kramarova, N. A.; Nash, E. R.; Newman, P. A.; Bhartia, P. K.; McPeters, R. D.; Rault, D. F.; Seftor, C. J.; Xu, P. Q.

2013-10-01

372

NPOESS Preparatory Project Validation Program for the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite Suite (NPOESS) Program, in partnership with National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA), will launch the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP), a risk reduction and data continuity mission, prior to the first operational NPOESS launch. The NPOESS Program, in partnership with Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (NGAS), will execute the NPP Calibration and Validation (Cal/Val) program to ensure the data products comply with the requirements of the sponsoring agencies. The Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS) consists of two telescopes feeding three detectors measuring solar radiance scattered by the Earth's atmosphere and solar irradiance by using diffusers. The measurements are used to generate estimates of total column ozone and vertical ozone profiles. The validation efforts will make use of external resources in the form of ground-based and satellite measurements for comparisons, and internal consistency methods developed for backscattered ultraviolet measurements over the last thirty years. This presentation will provide an overview of the comparative data, analysis techniques, and collaborative teamwork for the validation of the NPP OMPS environmental data products.

Flynn, L. E.; Rault, D. F.; Janz, S. J.; Petropavlovskikh, I. V.; Long, C. S.; Beach, E.; Farrow, S. V.; Yang, S.

2009-12-01

373

Texas hair salon settles suit while another faces EEOC action. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.  

PubMed

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has filed suit against the nationally based Regis Corporation after hair stylist "John Doe" was fired shortly after his employer discovered he was HIV-positive. According to EEOC officials, Regis claimed that John Doe was fired for failing to attend a mandatory training class, but the EEOC said the real motivation was the fact that Doe was regarded as disabled. The suit asked the U.S. District Court to enjoin Regis from discharging employees based on their HIV status, reinstate Doe, and order the salon to pay Doe back wages, other compensatory damages, and punitive damages. The lawsuit comes just two months after P.M.K. Corporation, which does business as Cost Cutters of Austin, agreed to pay $13,200 to stylist "Pat Doe," who was fired after her employer discovered she was HIV-positive. The company claimed Pat Doe was terminated because of a layoff, but the EEOC concluded the real reason was her HIV status. Both actions were filed by the EEOC under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). An EEOC representative said that the fact that both actions involved hair salons was coincidental. PMID:11362257

1995-03-24

374

Comparison of current Shuttle and pre-Challenger flight suit reach capability during launch accelerations.  

PubMed

The Challenger accident prompted the creation of a crew escape system which replaced the former Launch Entry Helmet (LEH) ensemble with the current Launch Entry Suit (LES). However, questions were raised regarding the impact of this change on crew reach capability. Our study addressed the question of reach capability and its effect on realistic ground-based training for Space Shuttle missions. Eleven subjects performed reach sweeps in both the LEH and LES suits during 1 and 3 Gx acceleration trials in the Brooks AFB, TX, centrifuge. These reach sweeps were recorded on videotape and subsequently analyzed using a three-dimensional motion analysis system. The ANOVA procedure of the Statistical Analysis System (SAS) program was used to evaluate differences in forward and overhead reach. The results showed that the LES provided less reach capability than its predecessor, the LEH. This study also demonstrated that, since there was no substantial difference between 1 and 3 Gx reach sweeps in the LES, realistic Shuttle launch training may be accomplished in ground-based simulators. PMID:1616441

Bagian, J P; Schafer, L E

1992-07-01

375

ToppGene Suite for gene list enrichment analysis and candidate gene prioritization  

PubMed Central

ToppGene Suite (http://toppgene.cchmc.org; this web site is free and open to all users and does not require a login to access) is a one-stop portal for (i) gene list functional enrichment, (ii) candidate gene prioritization using either functional annotations or network analysis and (iii) identification and prioritization of novel disease candidate genes in the interactome. Functional annotation-based disease candidate gene prioritization uses a fuzzy-based similarity measure to compute the similarity between any two genes based on semantic annotations. The similarity scores from individual features are combined into an overall score using statistical meta-analysis. A P-value of each annotation of a test gene is derived by random sampling of the whole genome. The protein–protein interaction network (PPIN)-based disease candidate gene prioritization uses social and Web networks analysis algorithms (extended versions of the PageRank and HITS algorithms, and the K-Step Markov method). We demonstrate the utility of ToppGene Suite using 20 recently reported GWAS-based gene–disease associations (including novel disease genes) representing five diseases. ToppGene ranked 19 of 20 (95%) candidate genes within the top 20%, while ToppNet ranked 12 of 16 (75%) candidate genes among the top 20%.

Chen, Jing; Bardes, Eric E.; Aronow, Bruce J.; Jegga, Anil G.

2009-01-01

376

ToppGene Suite for gene list enrichment analysis and candidate gene prioritization.  

PubMed

ToppGene Suite (http://toppgene.cchmc.org; this web site is free and open to all users and does not require a login to access) is a one-stop portal for (i) gene list functional enrichment, (ii) candidate gene prioritization using either functional annotations or network analysis and (iii) identification and prioritization of novel disease candidate genes in the interactome. Functional annotation-based disease candidate gene prioritization uses a fuzzy-based similarity measure to compute the similarity between any two genes based on semantic annotations. The similarity scores from individual features are combined into an overall score using statistical meta-analysis. A P-value of each annotation of a test gene is derived by random sampling of the whole genome. The protein-protein interaction network (PPIN)-based disease candidate gene prioritization uses social and Web networks analysis algorithms (extended versions of the PageRank and HITS algorithms, and the K-Step Markov method). We demonstrate the utility of ToppGene Suite using 20 recently reported GWAS-based gene-disease associations (including novel disease genes) representing five diseases. ToppGene ranked 19 of 20 (95%) candidate genes within the top 20%, while ToppNet ranked 12 of 16 (75%) candidate genes among the top 20%. PMID:19465376

Chen, Jing; Bardes, Eric E; Aronow, Bruce J; Jegga, Anil G

2009-05-22

377

Range, energy, heat of motion in the modified NBC, anti-g, tank suit  

SciTech Connect

The modified nuclear, biologic pathogen, chemical (NBC), anti-g, anthropomorphic tank suit (ATS 2), was designed and modified. The ATS 2 provided a protective liner of water around, but not in contact with, the subject to the neck. For three subjects in the ATS 2, range of motion was lost in 30 of 32 tests by an average of 39 percent dry and 40 percent wet, p less than 0.001. For work rates from 49 to 151 W, all blood pressures were significantly elevated, p less than 0.05, but no other significant differences were found. The factors dry and wet, for heart rate were 1.2, 1.3; for systolic blood pressure 1.2, 1.4; for diastolic blood pressure 1.1, 1.3; for estimated mean blood pressure 1.1, 1.3; for ventilation 1.7, 2.0 and for energy of motion 1.40, 1.53. The factor 1.53 was an underestimation because of a suppressed maximal oxygen consumption. Special joints, pressure breathing and water cooling seemed desirable for future suits. 24 refs.

Mastropaolo, J.A.; Gaston, A.N. de; Durck, C.H.; Van Santen, A.R. (Trisphere Institute of Sports Medicine, Huntington Beach, CA (United States) McDonnell Douglas Corp., Long Beach, CA (United States))

1992-08-01

378

The Coyote Universe. III. Simulation Suite and Precision Emulator for the Nonlinear Matter Power Spectrum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many of the most exciting questions in astrophysics and cosmology, including the majority of observational probes of dark energy, rely on an understanding of the nonlinear regime of structure formation. In order to fully exploit the information available from this regime and to extract cosmological constraints, accurate theoretical predictions are needed. Currently, such predictions can only be obtained from costly, precision numerical simulations. This paper is the third in a series aimed at constructing an accurate calibration of the nonlinear mass power spectrum on Mpc scales for a wide range of currently viable cosmological models, including dark energy models with w ? -1. The first two papers addressed the numerical challenges and the scheme by which an interpolator was built from a carefully chosen set of cosmological models. In this paper, we introduce the "Coyote Universe" simulation suite which comprises nearly 1000 N-body simulations at different force and mass resolutions, spanning 38 w CDM cosmologies. This large simulation suite enables us to construct a prediction scheme, or emulator, for the nonlinear matter power spectrum accurate at the percent level out to k ~= 1 h Mpc-1. We describe the construction of the emulator, explain the tests performed to ensure its accuracy, and discuss how the central ideas may be extended to a wider range of cosmological models and applications. A power spectrum emulator code is released publicly as part of this paper.

Lawrence, Earl; Heitmann, Katrin; White, Martin; Higdon, David; Wagner, Christian; Habib, Salman; Williams, Brian

2010-04-01

379

38 CFR 14.605 - Suits against Department of Veterans Affairs employees arising out of a wrongful act or omission...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...allegedly occurring as a result of malpractice or negligence committed by a physician...or paramedical (for example, medical and dental technicians, nursing...Administration. Accordingly, a malpractice or negligence suit for...

2013-07-01

380

User Guide to Ftscore: A Replacement Program for Score in the Tankill Suite of Vulnerability Assessment Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The program FTSCORE was developed as an alternative to the program SCORE in the TANKILL suite of vulnerability assessment programs. The program FTSCORE uses fault trees to relate component states to explicitly defined functional states (or 'degradation mo...

D. J. Mason R. E. Cooke

1983-01-01

381

Nano-inclusion suite and high resolution micro-computed-tomography of polycrystalline diamond (framesite) from Orapa, Botswana  

Microsoft Academic Search

A single polycrystalline diamond aggregate from the Orapa kimberlite (Botswana) contains a syngenetic micro- and nano-inclusion suite of magnetite, pyrrhotite, omphacite, garnet, rutile and C–O–H fluid in order of abundance. This suite of inclusions is distinctly different from those in fibrous diamonds, although the presence of sub-micrometer fluid inclusions provides evidence for a similarly important role of fluids in the

D. E. Jacob; R. Wirth; F. Enzmann; A. Kronz; A. Schreiber

2011-01-01

382

Fractionation of metaluminous A-type granites: an experimental study of the Wangrah Suite, Lachlan Fold Belt, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crystallisation experiments were performed on two metaluminous A-type granite compositions (AB412 and AB422) from the Wangrah Suite, a representative A-type granite suite from the Lachlan Fold Belt, south eastern Australia. AB412 is more mafic than AB422 and zircon saturation temperatures are 897 and 843°C, respectively. Experiments were performed at 200MPa, fO2 between NNO and NNO?1.05 in a temperature range between

K Klimm; F Holtz; W Johannes; P. L King

2003-01-01

383

Stable isotopic evidence for crustal contamination and desulfidation of the cupriferous Koperberg Suite, Namaqualand, South Africa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The middle Proterozoic Koperberg Suite occurs as a swarm of differentiated mafic dikes in a granulite facies terrane in the northwestern Cape Province of South Africa. Rock types include pyroxenite, norite, anorthosite, diorite, and glimmerite and host an important repository of copper ore. This paper reports petrographic and stable isotope data that places new constraints on the magmatic and metamorphic evolution of the Koperberg Suite and associated copper mineralization. Oxygen isotope ratios of the basic bodies are significantly enriched in 18 O ( 18 O plag = 6.2 to 9.6%; 18 O opx = 6.2 to 7.4%; and 18 O rock = 5.9 to 8.3%) relative to mantle-derived basic rocks. This enrichment appears to be the result of crustal contamination. Granite-gneiss country rocks exhibit 18 O values in the range from 7.8-8.7%. The systematics of oxygen isotope data for coexisting minerals suggest that in addition to crustal contamination further modification took place due to low-temperature, post-peak metamorphic exchange, involving circulating fluids that had undergone isotopic exchange with the surrounding gneisses. These fluids are probably related to the upper greenschist grade metamorphism associated with the regional Pan-African Orogeny (500-550 Ma). This is indicated by the lack of temperature concordancy based on ° 18 O values of several mineral pairs involving orthopyroxene, plagioclase, biotite, and magnetite. Sulfur isotope ratios, from diorite- and norite-hosted Sulfides, are light relative to mantle values and co-genetic mineral pairs show a lack of temperature concordancy. The ranges in 34 S values for the sulfides are: 34 S cpy -1.5 to -3.8% 0 , 34 SS bo -1.9 to -4.1% 0 , and 34 S po - 1.9 to -2.5% 0 . Bulk ore samples show a systematic decrease in 34 S values with increasing Cu / S ratios . This is seen as being diagnostic for an oxidation process and the degassing of a SO 2 -rich vapour phase. Petrographic observations and mineral chemistry data support this conclusion and indicate that the devolatilization event was caused by granulite facies metamorphism, followed by a later, lower temperature alteration event. In our genetic model we envisage a mantle origin for the Koperberg Suite. The original magma was modified through assimilation and fractional crystallization processes. Later modification occurred at the level of emplacement through differentiation and metamorphism. Crustal contamination can explain the origin of the enriched O-isotope values, the high levels of incompatible trace elements as well as the high initial 87 Sr / 86 Sr ratios in the basic bodies.

Boer, R. H.; Meyer, F. M.; Cawthorn, R. G.

1994-06-01

384

Chronology and petrogenesis of the lunar highlands alkali suite: Cumulates from KREEP basalt crystallization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Alkalic rocks from the highlands of the Moon, though relatively minor in volume, yield important information in understanding the later development of the lunar crust. However, until recently little information has been available on the crystallization ages of samples from this diverse suite of rocks. Previous workers suggested a link between pristine KREEP basalts and lunar quartz monzodiorites and granites. Through mineral and chemical modelling of all known pristine highlands alkali suite (HAS) rocks, and radiogenic isotopic analyses of rather large HAS clasts from the Apollo 14 landing site, we explore further this potential link. Two clasts of alkalic affinity from the western highlands of the Moon have been analyzed for their neodymium and strontium isotopic compositions. An alkali anorthosite (14304,267) yields a Sm?Nd mineral isochron of 4108 ± 53 Ma (MSWD = 0.06) and an ?Nd( T) of -1.0 ± 0.2. Two splits of the same alkali norite clast (14304,270 and 14304,272) yield similar ?Nd values when calculated for this age. Rb?Sr systematics for alkali anorthosite 14304,267 scatter about a line which yields an "age" of 4336 ± 81 Ma. However, the large mean square of weighted deviates (MSWD) for this line (12.3) indicates that the age is suspect and that Rb?Sr sytematics may have been disturbed. The Sm?Nd age for 14304,267, in conjunction with U?Pb zircon ages for two other highlands alkali suite (HAS) rocks from the Apollo 14 landing site and one from the Apollo 16 landing site indicate production of HAS rocks over an extended time period spanning at least 300 million years from 4.34 to 4.02 Ga. Since the last dregs of the lunar magma ocean (LMO) likely crystallized prior to 4.3 Ma, all rocks from this alkalic period cannot represent direct remnants of the late LMO and may include material resulting from the remelting of evolved portions of the Moon by upward-moving basaltic melts from the deep lunar interior. These "contaminated" melts may be represented by pristine KREEP basalts from the Apollo 15 landing site. These KREEP basalt melts could have crystallized within the crust to form cumulate gabbros, norites, anorthosites, monzodiorites, and possibly granites, with the proportion of trapped KREEPy residual liquid determining the large-ion lithophile element enrichment of the rock. Generally, the proportion of trapped KREEPy liquid is small (2-15%). The broad age range for the lunar HAS indicates that parental KREEP basalt magmatism was not a unique event, but was an important process possibly repeated several times throughout the first 600 to 700 million years of lunar history.

Snyder, Gregory A.; Taylor, Lawrence A.; Halliday, Alex N.

1995-03-01

385

Bepaling Referentiewaarden voor Ergonomie en Warmtebelasting van Lichtgewicht Bommenpakken (Determination of Ergonomic and Thermal Load Tests and Assessment of Reference Values With Light Weight Bomb Disposal Suits).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A third series of tests were performed with light weight explosive ordnance disposal suits to get reference data about ergonomics and heat load. The results can be used for future tenders of light weight explosive ordnance disposal suits.

J. A. Kistemaker

2008-01-01

386

An Expert Elicitation Based Study of the Proliferation Resistance of a Suite of Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

In 2008, a multi-laboratory research team completed a study evaluating the proliferation resistance (PR) characteristics of a diverse suite of four advanced nuclear reactor designs. The systems evaluated included: • a light water reactor (a pressurized-water reactor), • a heavy water reactor, • a high temperature gas reactor (with a prismatic-block reactor core), • a sodium-cooled fast reactor. The team used an expert elicitation assessment approach based on the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection (PR&PP) methodology. The team evaluated three general types of proliferation threats: 1) concealed diversion of material, 2) concealed misuse of the reactor to produce material, and 3) breakout. The evaluations took into account the intrinsic PR characteristics of each reactor and the extrinsic PR characteristics provided by generic safeguards the team considered appropriate for each reactor, based on the team’s experience and available conceptual design information.

Zentner, Michael D.; Therios, Ike; Bari, Robert A.; Cheng, Lap; Yue, Meng; Wigeland, Roald; Hassberger, Jim; Boyer, Brian; Pilat, Joseph

2010-08-11

387

A wearable physiological sensor suite for unobtrusive monitoring of physiological and cognitive state.  

PubMed

This paper describes an integrated Physiological Sensor Suite (PSS) based upon QUASAR's innovative non-invasive bioelectric sensor technologies that will provide, for the first time, a fully integrated, noninvasive methodology for physiological sensing. The PSS currently under development at QUASAR is a state-of-the-art multimodal array of sensors that, along with an ultra-low power personal area wireless network, form a comprehensive body-worn system for real-time monitoring of subject physiology and cognitive status. Applications of the PSS extend from monitoring of military personnel to long-term monitoring of patients diagnosed with cardiac or neurological conditions. Results for side-by-side comparisons between QUASAR's biosensor technology and conventional wet electrodes are presented. The signal fidelity for bioelectric measurements using QUASAR's biosensors is comparable to that for wet electrodes. PMID:18003198

Matthews, Robert; McDonald, Neil J; Hervieux, Paul; Turner, Peter J; Steindorf, Martin A

2007-01-01

388

'The Grange', Tasmania: survival of a unique suite of 1874 transit of Venus relics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the two US expeditions in Australia for the 1874 transit of Venus was based in Campbell Town, Tasmania. While the transit was observed from this site and some of the photographs were used in the subsequent investigation of the solar parallax, its main claim to fame is the physical vestiges of the transit programme that have survived there through to the present day. These comprise foundations for instruments, two piers associated with the photographic telescope, and one of the prefabricated observatory buildings. In addition, a copy of a photograph of the transit is preserved in the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery in nearby Launceston. Collectively these form a unique suite of 1874 transit of Venus relics, and are of international importance.

Orchiston, Wayne; Buchanan, Alex

2004-06-01

389

Experimental Constraints on Early Lunar Magma Ocean Cumulates as Possible Source Lithologies for the Mg - Suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The highlands Mg-suite (HMS) is represented by a series of ancient plutonic highlands rocks which contain Fe-Mg silicates with high Mg* (up to 94) and are generally enriched in incompatible elements (i.e. REE, Th). These contrasting chemical signatures have long puzzled lunar petrologists and their origin has remained enigmatic. One type of model for the origin of the HMS is the mixing of early- and late-stage lunar magma ocean (LMO) cumulates. In some of these mixing models, early olivine-orthopyroxene LMO cumulates are transported to shallower depths by cumulate overturn, where they are mixed with very late-stage incompatible element enriched cumulates (KREEP). However, this model is currently insufficient to explain several observations in the most primitive HMS (i.e. troctolites), including the low Ni and Co contents of the olivine relative to mare basalts and the apparent co-crystallization of highly magnesian olivine and calcium-rich plagioclase. Despite these shortcomings, such a model better explains the Mg-suite’s unique features than do other proposed formation mechanisms (i.e. impact melting, direct crystallization from the LMO, remobilization of KREEP). In order to assess whether early LMO cumulates could have acted as the source lithologies for the HMS, equilibrium crystallization experiments were conducted on the Taylor Whole Moon composition containing Ni and Co. Various authors have proposed that LMO crystallization occurred in a (roughly) two step process: equilibrium crystallization followed by fractional crystallization of the residual liquid. Experiments at 2 GPa, 1700 and 1600°C produced olivine of similar composition (Fo94 and 92, respectively) to the most primitive olivine found in Mg-suite lithologies. The crystal fractions in these experiments were 2% and 29%, respectively. An experiment at 1 GPa and 1450°C, with a crystal fraction of 44%, produced olivine of the composition Fo90. These initial experiments indicate that olivine sufficiently rich in Mg to potentially act as a source for the Mg-suite is produced over a range of crystal fractions by equilibrium LMO crystallization. Olivine settling in this LMO model will form a cumulate pile from which highly magnesian partial melts could have been extracted. Equilibrium crystallization experiments are ongoing to determine the distribution of Ni and Co among the crystallized phases. Furthermore, these experiments determine the amount of crystallization that occurs before olivine with an appropriate Mg* (matching that of the HMS) no longer crystallizes. As the magma ocean continued to crystallize olivine and orthopyroxene, the residual LMO eventually became enriched in Al and Ca. Although fractional crystallization will very likely become the dominant mode of crystallization before plagioclase begins to form, the Al and Ca contents of the liquid and the Mg* of the olivine crystallizing at that time will be pivotal in assessing what direct relationship, if any, the plagioclase in primitive HMS rocks has with the LMO liquid.

Elardo, S. M.; Draper, D. S.; Shearer, C. K.

2009-12-01

390

Mechanical behavior of a suite of elastomers used for seismic base isolation  

SciTech Connect

Several practical systems have been developed to protect structures and their contents from the potential devastating consequences of earthquakes. The use of seismic isolation has recently proven to be an effective means to mitigate earthquake damage. With seismic isolation, the structures are decoupled from the strong horizontal ground accelerations. The use of high damping elastomer, steel lamiriated seismic isolation bearings has been proven to be an effective method for seismic base isolation. This paper describes recent research conducted at Argonne National Laboratory to find the mechanical response characteristics of a suite of elastomers compounded for use in elastomeric seismic isolation bearings. The response characteristics were obtained by testing small coupons of each elastomer in a high precision dynamic testing machine. Specifically, the paper reports on tests performed to find the variations in stiffness and energy dissipation with strain level, loading rate, and cycle number. The paper also reports on the effects that strain level has on stiffness recovery.

Kulak, R.F.; Hughes, T.H.

1995-07-01

391

Nurse awarded $35,000 in HIV exposure suit against surgeon.  

PubMed

Nurse Katherine Kenny was awarded $35,000 in a suit against a surgeon who exposed her to HIV. Dr. Alfred Gervin did a pre-operative examination of an HIV-positive patient without gloves, in spite of Kenny's warning. In response, and allegedly to show her she had nothing to fear, he then wiped his hands on her arms. She testified that his hands were moist, he had examined the patient's anal area, and that she had a rash on her arms at the time. An expert witness said Kenny should have realized that there is no need for a doctor to wear gloves to touch a patient's skin. However, she was awarded $10,000 in compensatory damages and $25,000 in punitive damages. Her attorney hailed it as a victory for nurses who are abused by doctors in operating rooms. PMID:11365342

1998-05-15

392

NPP Visible/Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) radiometric calibration emissive bands: tested performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Visible/Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) collects radiometric and imagery data in 22 spectral bands within the visible and infrared spectrum ranging from 0.4 to 12.5 ?m. This paper describes the radiometric uncertainty requirements for the 7 VIIRS thermal emissive bands and the calibration methodology employed to meet these requirements, including the on-board calibration subsystems and the retrieval algorithm for generating calibrated radiance from instrument data. The instrument characteristics contributing to uncertainties in retrieved radiance are presented based on results from the recently completed pre-launch test program. The final roll-up of these uncertainties relative to the absolute radiometric requirements are shown, and compared against the results obtained from the radiance retrieval algorithm exercised during thermal-vacuum testing for a NIST traceable Blackbody Calibration Source.

Johnson, Eric; Galang, Karen; Ranshaw, Courtney; Robinson, Brendan

2010-08-01

393

GNEMRE DBTools : a suite of tools for access, maintenance, and manipulation of seismic data.  

SciTech Connect

DBTools is comprised of a suite of applications for manipulating data in a database. While loading data into a database is a relatively simple operation, loading data intelligently is deceptively difficult. Loading data intelligently means: not duplicating information already in the database, associating new information with related information already in the database, and maintaining a mapping of identification numbers in the input data to existing or new identification numbers in the database to prevent conflicts between the input data and the existing data. Most DBTools applications utilize DBUtilLib--a Java library with functionality supporting database, flatfile, and XML data formats. DBUtilLib is written in a completely generic manner. No schema specific information is embedded within the code; all such information comes from external sources. This approach makes the DBTools applications immune to most schema changes such as addition/deletion of columns from a table or changes to the size of a particular data element.

Ballard, Sanford; Lewis, Jennifer E.

2007-09-01

394

Magnetic diagnostic suite of the C-2 field-reversed configuration experiment confinement vessel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic measurements are a fundamental part of determining the size and shape of field-reversed configuration (FRC) plasmas in the C-2 device. The magnetic probe suite consists of 44 in-vessel and ex-vessel probes constructed using various technologies: ultra-high vacuum compatible mineral-insulated cable, nested triple axis coils hand-wound on ceramic bobbins, and commercial chip inductors mounted on printed circuit boards. Together, these probes measure the three-dimensional excluded flux profile of the FRC, which approximates the shape of the separatrix between the confined plasma volume and the scrape-off layer. High accuracy is achieved by using the extensive probe measurements to compensate for non-ideal effects such as flux leakage through the vacuum vessel and bulk motion of the FRC towards the wall. A subset of the probes is also used as a set of Mirnov arrays that provide sensitive detection of perturbations and oscillations of the FRC.

Thompson, M. C.; Douglass, J. D.; Feng, P.; Knapp, K.; Luo, Y.; Mendoza, R.; Patel, V.; Tuszewski, M.; Van Drie, A. D.

2012-10-01

395

Laser ablation of a large tongue hemangioma with remifentanil analgosedation in the ORL endoscopy suite.  

PubMed

We present a unique, practical, and safe approach to the clinical management of a young male with a large tongue hemangioma who presented for serial surgical treatment of the lesion. Laser ablation was undertaken in the operating room under topical anesthesia with remifentanil analgosedation without the use of supplemental oxygen. Significant involution of the hemangioma was achieved without complication while the patient was awake, cooperative, and able to protect his airway. The application of remifentanil infusion for analgosedation during airway surgery is described. The utility of pharmacokinetic modeling in these applications is discussed along with the use of non-invasive respiratory inductance plethysmography to monitor ventilation during opioid sedation. The concept of analgosedation for airway surgery is introduced and relative risk versus benefit considerations of the approach in comparison to general anesthesia are discussed. This approach can be conceived of as an ORL endoscopy suite model for limited airway procedures. PMID:21613798

Atkins, Joshua H; Mandel, Jeff E; Mirza, Natasha

2011-05-25

396

Field Testing the Mars Astrobiology Probe (MAP) Instrument Suite in the Atacama Desert  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mars Astrobiology Probe (MAP) is an instrument suite consisting of a subcritical water extractor (SCWE) and a sublimation system together with microchip capillary electrophoresis (CE) for extraction and analysis of potential biomarker compounds from soil. The CE instrument provides high resolution analysis of amino acid composition and chirality with ppb to part-per-trillion sensitivity (1). The CE instrument can also be used to analyze amines, diamines, amino sugars and several of the nucleobases, nucleosides and nucleotides (2). Key stages in the selection of in situ instrumentation for Mars exploration include the development of instrument suites advanced enough to operate in relevant field environments and demonstration that they have the analytical capability and sensitivity to detect low levels of biomarkers. We describe here successful field trials of MAP in the Atacama Desert in Chile, an extremely dry, oxidized environment that is an excellent Mars analog site. This work demonstrates the successful and robust operation of the MAP instrument suite in the Atacama Desert. The instruments were subjected to over 30°C temperature variations (0°C to 30°C) during a typical day of operation and the CE system performed 340 separate electrophoretic analyses on only 3 microchips in one week. We have demonstrated that the MAP instrument can detect amino acids and organic amine biomarkers in one of the driest, most Mars-like environments on Earth. In addition, based on our chirality analysis we conclude that these molecules originated from extinct living organisms. Further lab analyses of these samples are being performed to re-determine amino acid concentrations and chirality, and to analyze for culturable bacteria, fatty acids, and total organic carbon and nitrogen. This work demonstrates the successful and robust operation of the MAP instrument suite in the Atacama Desert. The instruments were subjected to over 30°C temperature variations (0°C to 30°C) during a typical day of operation and the CE microchip system performed 340 separate electrophoretic analyses on only 3 microchips over the course of one week. We have demonstrated that the MAP instrument can detect amino acids and organic amine biomarkers in one of the driest, most Mars-like environments on Earth. In addition, based on our chirality analysis we conclude that these molecules originated from extinct living organisms. Further lab analyses of these samples are being performed to re-determine amino acid concentrations and chirality, and to analyze for culturable bacteria, fatty acids, and total organic carbon and nitrogen. 1. Skelley, A. M. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad, Sci. U.S.A. 102, 1041-1046. 2. Skelley, A. M., Cleaves, J. H., Bada, J. F. & Mathies, R. A. (2005), in preparation. 3. See http://astrobiology.berkeley.edu for additional details

Skelley, A. M.; Aubrey, A.; Willis, P.; Amashukeli, X.; Ponce, A.; Ehrenfreund, P.; Bada, J.; Grunthaner, F.; Mathies, R.

2005-12-01

397

Study of SOL in DIII-D tokamak with SOLPS suite of codes.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The scrape-of-layer (SOL) region in DIII-D tokamak is studied with the SOLPS integrated suite of codes. The SOLPS package includes the 3D multi-species Monte-Carlo neutral code EIRINE and 2D multi-fluid code B2. The EIRINE and B2 codes are cross-coupled through B2-EIRINE interface. The results of SOLPS simulations are used in the integrated modeling of the plasma edge in DIII-D tokamak with the ASTRA transport code. Parameterized dependences for neutral particle fluxes that are computed with the SOLPS code are implemented in a model for the H-mode pedestal and ELMs [1] in the ASTRA code. The effects of neutrals on the H-mode pedestal and ELMs are studied in this report. [1] A. Y. Pankin, I. Voitsekhovitch, G. Bateman, et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 47, 483 (2005).

Pankin, Alexei; Bateman, Glenn; Brennan, Dylan; Coster, David; Hogan, John; Kritz, Arnold; Kukushkin, Andrey; Schnack, Dalton; Snyder, Phil

2005-10-01

398

Metamorphic conditions in the Ashe Metamorphic Suite, North Carolina Blue Ridge  

SciTech Connect

Taconian metamorphism of mafic rocks in the Ashe Metamorphic Suite can be characterized by reference to an isograd corresponding to the reaction bio + epi = hbl + gar, which separates rocks into two zones of low-variance assemblages. Temperatures and pressures estimated from mineral exchange geothermometers and a barometer suggest that this reaction occurred at approximately 600-650C and 7.5 kbar. Phase equilibria between biotite and hornblende, as well as the sharpness of the mapped isograd, indicate that the reaction is discontinuous. Inferred differences in metamorphic grade between Ashe amphibolites and mafic dikes in the underlying basement suggest that these units are in faulted contact. Isograd patterns in pelitic rocks suggest an elongated domal uplift that developed after metamorphism and thrusting, the core of which is exposed in the adjacent Grandfather Mountain window.

McSween, H.Y. Jr. (Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville (USA)); Abbott, R.N.; Raymond, L.A. (Appalachian State Univ., Boone, NC (USA))

1989-12-01

399

A "Near-Miss Lethal Accident Case" in MR Suit of a Tertiary Care Hospital  

PubMed Central

A “near miss” is an unpleasant event that did not result in injury, illness, or damage but had the potential to do so, but for a fortunate break in the chain of events. We present a near-miss case which occurred in the MR suite of a tertiary care hospital. Although the MR is considered a very safe procedure, if MR safety guidelines are not adhered to, adverse and catastrophic events to the extent of patient deaths are known to have occurred. It is hoped that this incident will prompt hospitals to document and follow MR safety protocols for patient and staff safety. Although MRI is an extremely safe procedure rarely MR adverse incidents have resulted in serious physical injury or even death. The incident is an eye opener regarding potential adverse events lurking in the relatively safe MR environment and provides an opportunity to rectify the inadequacies in MR safety.

Mufti, Samina; Sheikh, Mushtaq A.; Hakim, Abdul; Mufti, Showkat A.; Jan, Farooq

2011-01-01

400

The Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science (EMFISIS) on RBSP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument and Integrated Science (EMFISIS) investigation on the NASA Radiation Belt Storm Probes (now named the Van Allen Probes) mission provides key wave and very low frequency magnetic field measurements to understand radiation belt acceleration, loss, and transport. The key science objectives and the contribution that EMFISIS makes to providing measurements as well as theory and modeling are described. The key components of the instruments suite, both electronics and sensors, including key functional parameters, calibration, and performance, demonstrate that EMFISIS provides the needed measurements for the science of the RBSP mission. The EMFISIS operational modes and data products, along with online availability and data tools provide the radiation belt science community with one the most complete sets of data ever collected.

Kletzing, C. A.; Kurth, W. S.; Acuna, M.; MacDowall, R. J.; Torbert, R. B.; Averkamp, T.; Bodet, D.; Bounds, S. R.; Chutter, M.; Connerney, J.; Crawford, D.; Dolan, J. S.; Dvorsky, R.; Hospodarsky, G. B.; Howard, J.; Jordanova, V.; Johnson, R. A.; Kirchner, D. L.; Mokrzycki, B.; Needell, G.; Odom, J.; Mark, D.; Pfaff, R.; Phillips, J. R.; Piker, C. W.; Remington, S. L.; Rowland, D.; Santolik, O.; Schnurr, R.; Sheppard, D.; Smith, C. W.; Thorne, R. M.; Tyler, J.

2013-06-01

401

Developing a Comprehensive Software Suite for Advanced Reactor Performance and Safety Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an introduction to the reactor analysis capabilities of the nuclear power reactor simulation tools that are being developed as part of the U.S. Department of Energy s Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Toolkit. The NEAMS Toolkit is an integrated suite of multi-physics simulation tools that leverage high-performance computing to reduce uncertainty in the prediction of performance and safety of advanced reactor and fuel designs. The Toolkit effort is comprised of two major components, the Fuels Product Line (FPL), which provides tools for fuel performance analysis, and the Reactor Product Line (RPL), which provides tools for reactor performance and safety analysis. This paper provides an overview of the NEAMS RPL development effort.

Pointer, William David [ORNL; Bradley, Keith S [ORNL; Fischer, Paul F [ORNL; Smith, Micheal A [ORNL; Tautges, Timothy J [ORNL; Ferencz, Robert M [ORNL; Martineau, Richard C [ORNL; Jain, Rajeev [ORNL; Obabko, Aleksandr [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Billings, Jay Jay [ORNL

2013-01-01

402

Managing data warehouse metadata using the Web: A Web-based DBA maintenance tool suite  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC), which is associated with NASA`s Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS), provides access to datasets used in environmental research. As a data warehouse for NASA, the ORNL DAAC archives and distributes data from NASA`s ground-based field experiments. In order to manage its large and diverse data holdings, the DAAC has mined metadata that is stored in several Sybase databases. However, the task of managing the metadata itself has become such a complicated task that the DAAC has developed a Web-based Graphical User Interface (GUI) called the DBA maintenance Tool Suite. This Web-based tool allows the DBA to maintain the DAAC`s metadata databases with the click of a mouse button. This tool greatly reduces the complexities of database maintenance and facilitates the task of data delivery to the DAAC`s user community.

Yow, T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Grubb, J.; Jennings, S. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1998-12-31

403

A Suite of Activity-Based Probes for Human Cytochrome P450 Enzymes  

PubMed Central

Cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes regulate a variety of endogenous signaling molecules and play central roles in the metabolism of xenobiotics and drugs. We recently showed that an aryl alkyne serves as an effective activity-based probe for profiling mouse liver microsomal P450s in vitro and in vivo. However, individual P450s display distinct substrate and inhibitor specificities, indicating that multiple probe structures may be required to achieve comprehensive coverage of this large and diverse enzyme family. Here, we have synthesized a suite of P450-directed, activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) probes that contain: 1) varied chemical architectures validated as mechanism-based inhibitors of the P450 enzyme family, and 2) terminal alkyne groups for click chemistry conjugation of reporter tags. This set of probes was screened against a wide cross-section of human P450s, leading to the discovery of an optimal set of probes that provide broad coverage of this enzyme family. We used these probes to profile the effects on P450 activity of aromatase inhibitors in current clinical use for the treatment of breast cancer. We describe the surprising discovery that one of these aromatase inhibitors, anastrozole, significantly increases probe-labeling of P450 1A2, indicative of a heterotypic cooperativity effect on a central P450 isozyme involved in metabolizing numerous drugs and xenobiotics. The results presented herein greatly expand the suite of ABPP probes for profiling P450s and illuminate new applications for these tools to understand P450-drug interactions.

Wright, Aaron T.; Song, Joongyu D.; Cravatt, Benjamin F.

2009-01-01

404

An Overview of the Instrument Suite for the Deep Impact Mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A suite of three optical instruments has been developed to observe Comet 9P/Tempel 1, the impact of a dedicated impactor spacecraft, and the resulting crater formation for the Deep Impact mission. The high-resolution instrument (HRI) consists of an f/35 telescope with 10.5 m focal length, and a combined filtered CCD camera and IR spectrometer. The medium-resolution instrument (MRI) consists of an f/17.5 telescope with a 2.1 m focal length feeding a filtered CCD camera. The HRI and MRI are mounted on an instrument platform on the flyby spacecraft, along with the spacecraft star trackers and inertial reference unit. The third instrument is a simple unfiltered CCD camera with the same telescope as MRI, mounted within the impactor spacecraft. All three instruments use a Fairchild split-frame-transfer CCD with 1,024× 1,024 active pixels. The IR spectrometer is a two-prism (CaF2 and ZnSe) imaging spectrometer imaged on a Rockwell HAWAII-1R HgCdTe MWIR array. The CCDs and IR FPA are read out and digitized to 14 bits by a set of dedicated instrument electronics, one set per instrument. Each electronics box is controlled by a radiation-hard TSC695F microprocessor. Software running on the microprocessor executes imaging commands from a sequence engine on the spacecraft. Commands and telemetry are transmitted via a MIL-STD-1553 interface, while image data are transmitted to the spacecraft via a low-voltage differential signaling (LVDS) interface standard. The instruments are used as the science instruments and are used for the optical navigation of both spacecraft. This paper presents an overview of the instrument suite designs, functionality, calibration and operational considerations.

Hampton, Donald L.; Baer, James W.; Huisjen, Martin A.; Varner, Chris C.; Delamere, Alan; Wellnitz, Dennis D.; A'Hearn, Michael F.; Klaasen, Kenneth P.

2005-03-01

405

Suites of plant traits in species from different stages of a Mediterranean secondary succession.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to detect suites of traits related to whole plant and seed morphology, phenology and resource use--including water--in species differing in successional status. Twenty traits were measured on 55 species representative of 5 successional stages in Mediterranean southern France, including eight pertaining to phenology and five to water economy. Suites of traits that changed along succession in agreement with the acquisition/conservation trade-off were completed by continuous changes in phenology. Early successional species had leaves with a high specific leaf area that were produced and lost continuously through the growing season. Late-successional species were taller with long-lived, high delta(13)C leaves produced during short periods, most of them persisting during summer, and produced large seeds requiring a long ripening period. Replacement of species occurred with change in strategies of drought survival: early successional species escaped drought by dying before summer; later herbaceous species maintained favourable water status in relation to leaf shedding during summer; late successional trees with a large body allowing access to a large pool of resources, produced dense leaves that could tolerate desiccation. These changes occurred concomitantly with a shift in CSR strategies, using traits related to resource use, plant size and flowering phenology: ruderal herbs were replaced by more stress-tolerant herbs and shrubs throughout the succession, with competitive trees dominating the latest successional stage. These results suggest that the breadth of functional variability found in natura is not predicted by the CSR framework, and calls for a more integrated view of whole plant functioning. PMID:20653901

Navas, M-L; Roumet, C; Bellmann, A; Laurent, G; Garnier, E

2010-01-01

406

Geochemical investigation of Archaean Bimodal and Dwalile metamorphic suites, Ancient Gneiss Complex, Swaziland  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The bimodal suite (BMS) comprises leucotonalitic and trondhjemitic gneisses interlayered with amphibolites. Based on geochemical parameters three main groups of siliceous gneiss are recognized: (i) SiO2 14%, and fractionated light rare-earth element (REE) and flat heavy REE patterns; (ii) SiO2 and Al2O3 contents similar to (i) but with strongly fractionated REE patterns with steep heavy REE slopes; (iii) SiO2 > 73%, Al2O3 < 14%, Zr ??? 500 ppm and high contents of total REE having fractionated light REE and flat heavy REE patterns with large negative Eu anomalies. The interlayered amphibolites have major element abundances similar to those of basaltic komatiites, Mg-tholeiites and Fe-rich tholeiites. The former have gently sloping REE patterns, whereas the Mg-tholeiites have non-uniform REE patterns ranging from flat (??? 10 times chondrite) to strongly light REE-enriched. The Fe-rich amphibolites have flat REE patterns at 20-30 times chondrite. The Dwalile metamorphic suite, which is preserved in the keels of synforms within the BMS, includes peridotitic komatiites that have depleted light REE patterns similar to those of compositionally similar volcanics in the Onverwacht Group, Barberton, basaltic komatiites and tholeiites. The basaltic komatiites have REE patterns parallel to those of the BMS basaltic komatiites but with lower total REE contents. The Dwalile tholeiites have flat REE patterns. The basic and ultrabasic liquids were derived by partial melting of a mantle source which may have been heterogeneous or the heterogeneity may have resulted from sequential melting of the mantle source. The Fe-rich amphibolites were derived either from liquids generated at shallow levels or from liquids generated at depth which subsequently underwent extensive fractionation. ?? 1984.

Hunter, D. R.; Barker, F.; Millard, Jr. , H. T.

1984-01-01

407

Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica: A single suite of Caribbean oceanic plateau magmas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The pre-Tertiary oceanic crust exposed on the west coast of Costa Rica has been broadly referred to as the Nicoya Complex. This study was designed to determine the age of the Nicoya Complex in the Nicoya Peninsula, Playa Jacó, and the Quepos Peninsula using 40Ar-39Ar radiometric dating and to assess the petrologic relationships between the different localities using major element, trace element, and Sr, Nd, Pb isotopic data. Radiometric ages of basalts and diabases from the Nicoya Peninsula are 88-90 Ma (with a weighted mean of 88.5 Ma), and those of two intrusive rocks (a gabbro and plagiogranite) are both 83-84 Ma. The combined geochemical data indicate that the sampled Nicoya Peninsula rocks belong to a single suite related by fractional crystallization of similar parental magmas. Nd and Pb isotopic ratios indicate a common mantle source distinct from that of mid-ocean ridge basalts. Both the age and composition of the Nicoya rocks are consistent with the idea that they are a part of the Caribbean Cretaceous oceanic plateau [Donnelly, 1994]. The Jacó lavas are geochemically similar to the Nicoya Peninsula suite, and a single age of 84 Ma is identical to the age of the Nicoya Peninsula intrusives. The one analyzed Quepos basalt has a radiometric age of ˜64 Ma, and it is enriched in incompatible elements relative to the Nicoya rocks. Similarities in Nd and Pb isotopic ratios indicate that the Quepos and Nicoya/Jacó lavas were derived from a similar mantle source to that which produced the Nicoya rocks, possibly the Galapagos plume.

Sinton, Christopher W.; Duncan, Robert A.; Denyer, Percy

1997-07-01

408

Atmospheric circulation of tidally locked exoplanets: a suite of benchmark tests for dynamical solvers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid pace of extrasolar planet discovery and characterization is legitimizing the study of their atmospheres via three-dimensional numerical simulations. The complexity of atmospheric modelling and its inherent non-linearity, together with the limited amount of data available, motivate model intercomparisons and benchmark tests. In the geophysical community, the Held-Suarez test is a standard benchmark for comparing dynamical core simulations of the Earth's atmosphere with different solvers, based on statistically averaged flow quantities. In the present study, we perform analogues of the Held-Suarez test for tidally locked exoplanets with the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) Princeton Flexible Modelling System (FMS) by subjecting both the spectral and finite difference dynamical cores to a suite of tests, including the standard benchmark for the Earth, a hypothetical tidally locked Earth, a 'shallow' hot Jupiter model and a 'deep' model of HD 209458b. We find qualitative and quantitative agreement between the solvers for the Earth, tidally locked Earth and shallow hot Jupiter benchmarks, but the agreement is less than satisfactory for the deep model of HD 209458b. Further investigation reveals that closer agreement may be attained by arbitrarily adjusting the values of the horizontal dissipation parameters in the two solvers, but it remains the case that the magnitude of the horizontal dissipation is not easily specified from first principles. Irrespective of radiative transfer or chemical composition considerations, our study points to limitations in our ability to accurately model hot Jupiter atmospheres with meteorological solvers at the level of 10 per cent for the temperature field and several tens of per cent for the velocity field. Direct wind measurements should thus be particularly constraining for the models. Our suite of benchmark tests also provides a reference point for researchers wishing to adapt their codes to study the atmospheric circulation regimes of tidally locked Earths/Neptunes/Jupiters.

Heng, Kevin; Menou, Kristen; Phillipps, Peter J.

2011-06-01

409

Invasive human magnetic resonance imaging: feasibility during revascularization in a combined XMR suite.  

PubMed

We tested the feasibility and safety of invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during peripheral angioplasty. Real-time MRI can image soft tissue and may potentially guide therapeutic procedures without ionizing radiation or nephrotoxic contrast. MRI-guided diagnostic catheterization has been described recently, but safe and conspicuous catheter devices are not widely available. An active guidewire, which serves as an MRI receiver antenna, might be useful to guide catheterization or even to image atheroma. We describe a combined interventional suite offering both X-ray fluoroscopy and real-time MRI. We used a 0.030'' active guidewire receiver coil for invasive MRI after X-ray lesion traversal in patients undergoing percutaneous iliofemoral artery revascularization. Intravascular MRI was compared with noninvasive MRI, X-ray angiography, and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Seven eligible patients consented to participate, but three were excluded because of lengthy revascularization procedures. Four remaining patients safely underwent combined X-ray fluoroscopy and real-time magnetic resonance imaging (XMR) transport, continuous monitoring, and all imaging modalities. There was no device dislodgment, contamination or evidence of heating. The intravascular MRI coil was well visualized except at the tip, but did not provide superior mural imaging compared with IVUS. Therefore, because an adequate safety and workflow experience was obtained, enrollment was terminated after only four subjects. Invasive MRI is feasible and apparently safe during peripheral angioplasty. Patients can safely be transported and monitored in an XMR interventional suite. An active quarter-wavelength guidewire coil does not provide superior imaging compared with IVUS, but provides satisfactory guidewire visualization. These tools may prove useful for advanced therapeutic procedures in the future. PMID:15736247

Dick, Alexander J; Raman, Venkatesh K; Raval, Amish N; Guttman, Michael A; Thompson, Richard B; Ozturk, Cengizhan; Peters, Dana C; Stine, Annette M; Wright, Victor J; Schenke, William H; Lederman, Robert J

2005-03-01

410

Petrography and Petrogenesis of a Mid-Ocean Ridge Lava Suite  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a laboratory-style investigation wherein students examine the petrography and major-element geochemistry of 6 samples of mid-ocean ridge basalt and related differentiated lavas recovered from the Cleft segment of southern Juan de Fuca Ridge, a medium spreading-rate MOR in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Lava types range from basalt to dacite. After some initial background information on basalts, the MOR environment, and the study area students investigate four thin sections, beginning with typical basalts and ending with a dacite. They are led through a series of directed questions that help them gain familiarity with commonly occurring minerals and textures in mid-ocean ridge lavas. Questions direct students toward the interpretation of quench-related textural features and crystallization sequence, as well as a few other textural observations and petrographic techniques. After proceeding through the initial four thin sections and associated questions student are then asked to undertake "full thin-section descriptions" of the remaining two samples. After investigating the thin-sections and determining a possible crystallization sequence from the petrographic data gathered (plagioclase followed by olivine followed by augitic clinopyroxene followed by pigeonite), students examine a P-T phase diagram to constrain possible pressures of formation. Discovering that crystallization pressures were low (less than ~ 0.75 GPa) students then examine a phase diagram of the olivine-plagioclase-augite-quartz system (olivine-quartz-augite ternary, projected from the plane of plagioclase saturation) [Walker, 1979]. Students draw 2 possible liquid lines of descent (LLD) onto the diagram, and then use their petrographic observations to qualitatively plot the samples along that LLD, determining a relative sequence of chemical evolution for the suite of samples. Lastly, given those determinations, student graph the major element data for the lava suite to infer paths of chemical evolution and the effects of fractional crystallization (possibly coupled with magma mixing).

Smith, Matthew; Perfit, Mike

411

Suite of activity-based probes for cellulose-degrading enzymes.  

PubMed

Microbial glycoside hydrolases play a dominant role in the biochemical conversion of cellulosic biomass to high-value biofuels. Anaerobic cellulolytic bacteria are capable of producing multicomplex catalytic subunits containing cell-adherent cellulases, hemicellulases, xylanases, and other glycoside hydrolases to facilitate the degradation of highly recalcitrant cellulose and other related plant cell wall polysaccharides. Clostridium thermocellum is a cellulosome-producing bacterium that couples rapid reproduction rates to highly efficient degradation of crystalline cellulose. Herein, we have developed and applied a suite of difluoromethylphenyl aglycone, N-halogenated glycosylamine, and 2-deoxy-2-fluoroglycoside activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) probes to the direct labeling of the C. thermocellum cellulosomal secretome. These activity-based probes (ABPs) were synthesized with alkynes to harness the utility and multimodal possibilities of click chemistry and to increase enzyme active site inclusion for liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis. We directly analyzed ABP-labeled and unlabeled global MS data, revealing ABP selectivity for glycoside hydrolase (GH) enzymes, in addition to a large collection of integral cellulosome-containing proteins. By identifying reactivity and selectivity profiles for each ABP, we demonstrate our ability to widely profile the functional cellulose-degrading machinery of the bacterium. Derivatization of the ABPs, including reactive groups, acetylation of the glycoside binding groups, and mono- and disaccharide binding groups, resulted in considerable variability in protein labeling. Our probe suite is applicable to aerobic and anaerobic microbial cellulose-degrading systems and facilitates a greater understanding of the organismal role associated with biofuel development. PMID:23176123

Chauvigné-Hines, Lacie M; Anderson, Lindsey N; Weaver, Holly M; Brown, Joseph N; Koech, Phillip K; Nicora, Carrie D; Hofstad, Beth A; Smith, Richard D; Wilkins, Michael J; Callister, Stephen J; Wright, Aaron T

2012-12-06

412

Mafic inclusions from the Glenbog and Blue Gum granite suites, southeastern Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mafic inclusions from the I-type granites of the Glenbog and Blue Gum suites of the Lachlan Fold Belt of southeastern Australia are less than 1 m and mostly less than 10 cm. in size and are generally in sharp contact with the surrounding host granites (unless otherwise stated the term "granite" is used in this paper in the general sense to include granite senso stricto, adamellite, granodiorite, tonalite, etc.). Although some inclusions are irregular in shape, the majority have an elliptical or circular outline when viewed on exposed surfaces. Rounded and subrounded individuals outnumber those with an angular appearance. Abundances of inclusions in seven plutons of the Glenbog and Blue Gum suites range from about 6% to less than 0.1%. Their abundance is negatively correlated with the SiO2 content of the host rock. Mafic inclusions contain the same mineral species as the host granite but plagioclase and hornblende are more abundant, and quartz and K-feldspar are less abundant in inclusions. Mafic inclusions all contain more than 54% SiO2 and are mostly intermediate in composition. The abundances of many elements in the mafic inclusions follow those of that element in the host granites. Sr and Nd isotopic compositions in both the granites and the inclusions are similar and relatively evolved. Various models for the origin of the inclusions are considered. It is concluded that, of those considered, the only model capable of explaining all data is that the inclusions represent fragments of more refractory source material that were carried up with the magma. It is suggested that this more refractory character resulted from a lesser degree of hydration of the source rocks of the magmas, prior to partial melting.

Chen, Y. D.; Price, R. C.; White, A. J. R.; Chappell, B. W.

1990-10-01

413

Maintenance of the DOE Sample Suite in the Penn State Coal Sample Bank. Final Report, May 5, 1983-November 5, 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This DOE program had as its objective the creation and maintenance of a suite of approximately 50 selected coal samples as the DOE Sample Suite in the Penn State Coal Sample Bank and the management of the Sample Suite to provide high quality coal samples ...

W. Spackman A. Davis

1985-01-01

414

Maintenance of the DOE sample suite in the Penn State Coal Sample Bank. Final report, May 5, 1983November 5, 1984  

Microsoft Academic Search

This DOE program had as its objective the creation and maintenance of a suite of approximately 50 selected coal samples as the DOE Sample Suite in the Penn State Coal Sample Bank and the management of the Sample Suite to provide high quality coal samples and related compositional data to DOE contractors. An inventory of the samples in the Penn

W. Spackman; A. Davis

1985-01-01

415

Translation and adaption of the interRAI suite to local requirements in Belgian hospitals  

PubMed Central

Background The interRAI Suite contains comprehensive geriatric assessment tools designed for various healthcare settings. Although each instrument is developed for a particular population, together they form an integrated health evaluation system. The interRAI Acute Care Minimum Data Set (interRAI AC) is tailored for hospitalized older persons. Our aim in this study was to translate and adapt the interRAI AC to the Belgian hospital context, where it can be used together with the interRAI Home Care (HC) and the interRAI Long Term Care Facility (LTCF). Methods A systematic, comprehensive, and rigorous 10-step approach was used to adapt the interRAI AC to local requirements. After linguistic translation by an official translator, five researchers assessed the translation for appropriate hospital jargon. Three researchers double-checked for translation accuracy and proposed additional items. A provisional version was converted into the three official languages of Belgium—Flemish, French, and German. Next, a multidisciplinary panel of nine experts judged item relevance to the Belgian care context and advised which country-specific items should be added. After these suggestions were incorporated into the interRAI AC, hospital staff from nine Flemish hospitals field-tested the tool in their practice. After evaluating field-test results, we compared the interRAI AC with Belgian versions of the interRAI HC and interRAI LTCF. Next, the Flemish, French, and German versions of the Belgian interRAI portfolio were harmonized. Finally, we submitted the Belgian interRAI AC to the interRAI organization for ratification. Results Eighteen administrative items of the interRAI AC were adapted to the Belgian healthcare context (e.g., usual residence, formal community services prior to admission). Fourteen items assessing the ‘informal caregiver’, and 17 items, including country-specific items, were added (e.g., advanced directive for euthanasia). Conclusions The interRAI AC was adapted to local requirements using a meticulous and recursive 10-step approach. As use of the interRAI Suite continues to grow worldwide and as it continues to expand to other care settings and populations, this procedure can guide future translations. This procedure might also be used by others facing similar challenges of complex translation and adaptation situations, where multidimensional instruments are used across multiple care settings in multiple languages.

2012-01-01

416

Post-Bayesian strategies to optimize astrobiology instrument suites: lessons from Antarctica and the Pilbara  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Artificial neural networks patterned on fundamental neurological features of the human perceptual system have been shown to produce Bayesian probabilistic classifications of galaxies1-3, identify biotic and abiotic alteration of subsurface basalts4, distinguish terrestrial fossils from their background rock matrix5, and detect areas of Archean hydrothermal alteration6. Data inputs for these classification tasks have varied from astronomical or high altitude images and spectra, to sub-micron resolution elemental abundances. However, Bayesian theory assumes an absence of statistical and interpretive ambiguity in a target signal, the antithesis of the problems facing remote and human exploration of extreme environments on Earth and extraterrestrial sites such as Mars, comets, and the icy moons of Jupiter and Saturn. Fundamental to our certainty about the classification of geobiological targets on Earth is a long scientific history of familiarization both with the geochemical evolution of our planet and the reliability and discriminating power of particular instruments. Reduction of the uncertainty associated with a putative extraterrestrial biosignature derived from a single probe is most often attempted by deploying a suite of instruments, each one interrogating distinct morphological and chemical phenomena in a target7. But understanding the relative weighting appropriate for merging disparate signals or distinct data sets is not a trivial issue8. And, as we have most recently seen in the case of ALH84001, strategies relying on the cumulative statistical power of multiple probes often crumble when subsequent review of abiotic physicochemical phenomena reveals even a single abiotic mechanism, no matter how improbable, capable of replicating the putative biotic signal. Finally, for extend extraterrestrial missions or work in remote environments on Earth, the fundamental "fewest moving parts" reliability rule must come into play. This communication highlights the minimum requirements for an astrobiological instrument suite for remote or human exploration of extreme environments both here on Earth and in our local and neighboring planetary systems. Critical items of concern include obtaining co-registered data characterizing target morphology, metabolism, and mobility; the face validity and familiarity of the instrumentation to the scientific community, and the choice of instrumentation sufficiently inexpensive and easy to use that it might find wide spread usage within the astrobiology community prior to mission deployment. Preliminary indications are that such an instrument can be implemented for a cost accessible to high school, college, and graduate students interested in geobiological and astrobiological research in extreme or hazardous environments.

Storrie-Lombardi, Michael C.

2005-09-01

417

Architecture of a consent management suite and integration into IHE-based regional health information networks  

PubMed Central

Background The University Hospital Heidelberg is implementing a Regional Health Information Network (RHIN) in the Rhine-Neckar-Region in order to establish a shared-care environment, which is based on established Health IT standards and in particular Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE). Similar to all other Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Personal Health Record (PHR) approaches the chosen Personal Electronic Health Record (PEHR) architecture relies on the patient's consent in order to share documents and medical data with other care delivery organizations, with the additional requirement that the German legislation explicitly demands a patients' opt-in and does not allow opt-out solutions. This creates two issues: firstly the current IHE consent profile does not address this approach properly and secondly none of the employed intra- and inter-institutional information systems, like almost all systems on the market, offers consent management solutions at all. Hence, the objective of our work is to develop and introduce an extensible architecture for creating, managing and querying patient consents in an IHE-based environment. Methods Based on the features offered by the IHE profile Basic Patient Privacy Consent (BPPC) and literature, the functionalities and components to meet the requirements of a centralized opt-in consent management solution compliant with German legislation have been analyzed. Two services have been developed and integrated into the Heidelberg PEHR. Results The standard-based Consent Management Suite consists of two services. The Consent Management Service is able to receive and store consent documents. It can receive queries concerning a dedicated patient consent, process it and return an answer. It represents a centralized policy enforcement point. The Consent Creator Service allows patients to create their consents electronically. Interfaces to a Master Patient Index (MPI) and a provider index allow to dynamically generate XACML-based policies which are stored in a CDA document to be transferred to the first service. Three workflows have to be considered to integrate the suite into the PEHR: recording the consent, publishing documents and viewing documents. Conclusions Our approach solves the consent issue when using IHE profiles for regional health information networks. It is highly interoperable due to the use of international standards and can hence be used in any other region to leverage consent issues and substantially promote the use of IHE for regional health information networks in general.

2011-01-01

418

ProtSweep, 2Dsweep and DomainSweep: protein analysis suite at DKFZ.  

PubMed

The wealth of transcript information that has been made publicly available in recent years has led to large pools of individual web sites offering access to bioinformatics software. However, finding out which services exist, what they can or cannot do, how to use them and how to feed results from one service to the next one in the right format can be very time and resource consuming, especially for non-experts. Automating this task, we present a suite of protein annotation pipelines (tasks) developed at the German Cancer Research Centre (DKFZ) oriented to protein annotation by homology (ProtSweep), by domain analysis (DomainSweep), and by secondary structure elements (2Dsweep). The aim of these tasks is to perform an exhaustive structural and functional analysis employing a wide variety of methods in combination with the most updated public databases. The three servers are available for academic users at the HUSAR open server http://genius.embnet.dkfz-heidelberg.de/menu/biounit/open-husar/ PMID:17526514

del Val, C; Ernst, P; Falkenhahn, M; Fladerer, C; Glatting, K H; Suhai, S; Hotz-Wagenblatt, A

2007-05-25

419

Technical Note: DIRART- A software suite for deformable image registration and adaptive radiotherapy research  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Recent years have witnessed tremendous progress in image guide radiotherapy technology and a growing interest in the possibilities for adapting treatment planning and delivery over the course of treatment. One obstacle faced by the research community has been the lack of a comprehensive open-source software toolkit dedicated for adaptive radiotherapy (ART). To address this need, the authors have developed a software suite called the Deformable Image Registration and Adaptive Radiotherapy Toolkit (DIRART). Methods: DIRART is an open-source toolkit developed in MATLAB. It is designed in an object-oriented style with focus on user-friendliness, features, and flexibility. It contains four classes of DIR algorithms, including the newer inverse consistency algorithms to provide consistent displacement vector field in both directions. It also contains common ART functions, an integrated graphical user interface, a variety of visualization and image-processing features, dose metric analysis functions, and interface routines. These interface routines make DIRART a powerful complement to the Computational Environment for Radiotherapy Research (CERR) and popular image-processing toolkits such as ITK. Results: DIRART provides a set of image processing/registration algorithms and postprocessing functions to facilitate the development and testing of DIR algorithms. It also offers a good amount of options for DIR results visualization, evaluation, and validation. Conclusions: By exchanging data with treatment planning systems via DICOM-RT files and CERR, and by bringing image registration algorithms closer to radiotherapy applications, DIRART is potentially a convenient and flexible platform that may facilitate ART and DIR research.

Yang Deshan; Brame, Scott; El Naqa, Issam; Aditya, Apte; Wu Yu; Murty Goddu, S.; Mutic, Sasa; Deasy, Joseph O.; Low, Daniel A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States)

2011-01-15

420

Developing a Performance Data Suite to Facilitate Lean Improvement in a Chemotherapy Day Unit  

PubMed Central

Purpose: A multidisciplinary team from the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Melbourne, Australia, developed a performance data suite to support a service improvement project based on lean manufacturing principles in its 19-chair chemotherapy day unit (CDU) and cytosuite chemotherapy production facility. The aims of the project were to reduce patient wait time and improve equity of access to the CDU. Methods: A project team consisting of a pharmacist and CDU nurse supported the management team for 10 months in engaging staff and customers to identify waste in processes, analyze root causes, eliminate non–value-adding steps, reduce variation, and level workloads to improve quality and flow. Process mapping, staff and patient tracking and opinion surveys, medical record audits, and interrogation of electronic treatment records were undertaken. Results: This project delivered a 38% reduction in median wait time on the day (from 32 to 20 minutes; P < .01), 7-day reduction in time to commencement of treatment for patients receiving combined chemoradiotherapy regimens (from 25 to 18 days; P < .01), and 22% reduction in wastage associated with expired drug and pharmacy rework (from 29% to 7%; P < .01). Improvements in efficiency enabled the cytosuite to increase the percentage of product manufactured within 10 minutes of appointment times by 29% (from 47% to 76%; P < .01). Conclusion: A lean improvement methodology provided a robust framework for improved understanding and management of complex system constraints within a CDU, resulting in improved access to treatment and reduced waiting times on the day.

Lingaratnam, Senthil; Murray, Danielle; Carle, Amber; Kirsa, Sue W.; Paterson, Rebecca; Rischin, Danny

2013-01-01

421

High-throughput functional annotation and data mining with the Blast2GO suite.  

PubMed

Functional genomics technologies have been widely adopted in the biological research of both model and non-model species. An efficient functional annotation of DNA or protein sequences is a major requirement for the successful application of these approaches as functional information on gene products is often the key to the interpretation of experimental results. Therefore, there is an increasing need for bioinformatics resources which are able to cope with large amount of sequence data, produce valuable annotation results and are easily accessible to laboratories where functional genomics projects are being undertaken. We present the Blast2GO suite as an integrated and biologist-oriented solution for the high-throughput and automatic functional annotation of DNA or protein sequences based on the Gene Ontology vocabulary. The most outstanding Blast2GO features are: (i) the combination of various annotation strategies and tools controlling type and intensity of annotation, (ii) the numerous graphical features such as the interactive GO-graph visualization for gene-set function profiling or descriptive charts, (iii) the general sequence management features and (iv) high-throughput capabilities. We used the Blast2GO framework to carry out a detailed analysis of annotation behaviour through homology transfer and its impact in functional genomics research. Our aim is to offer biologists useful information to take into account when addressing the task of functionally characterizing their sequence data. PMID:18445632

Götz, Stefan; García-Gómez, Juan Miguel; Terol, Javier; Williams, Tim D; Nagaraj, Shivashankar H; Nueda, María José; Robles, Montserrat; Talón, Manuel; Dopazo, Joaquín; Conesa, Ana

2008-04-29

422

Impacts of Climate Change on Storm Tracks Using the PCMDI Suite of Models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, the role of synoptic scale storms in the current and future climate has been an area of interest for the climate community. With an increase in global population coupled with the devastation that can result from extreme weather events, it is important to understand how the impacts of synoptic-scale storm tracks will change due to climate change. To accomplish this, we use a software package that generates storm tracks by determining sea-level pressure minimum. The storm tracks program is then applied to data from the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) suite of models taken from the IPPC 4th Assessment Report. We compare storm tracks from the 20th century climate runs with the A1B scenario to detect changes in synoptic-scale storms due to global warming. To assess how the impacts of storms may be altered due to global warming, we also tabulate storm-induced precipitation by applying a search-radius for each storm. In this manner, we provide an estimate of how the frequency and intensity of storms change in the future, as well as insight into how the structure of storms may change.

Gaggini, N. G.; Eichler, D.

2009-12-01

423

SOAR: An extensible suite of codes for weld analysis and optimal weld schedules  

SciTech Connect

A suite of MATLAB-based code modules has been developed to provide optimal weld schedules, regulating weld process parameters for CO2 and pulse Nd:YAG laser welding methods, and arc welding in support of the Smartweld manufacturing initiative at Sandia National Laboratories. The optimization methodology consists of mixed genetic and gradient-based algorithms to query semi-empirical, nonlinear algebraic models. The optimization output provides heat-input-efficient welds for user-specified weld dimensions. User querying of all weld models is available to examine sub-optimal schedules. In addition, a heat conduction equation solver for 2-D heat flow is available to provide the user with an additional check of weld thermal effects. The inclusion of thermodynamic properties allows the extension of the empirical models to include materials other than those tested. All solution methods are provided with graphical user interfaces and display pertinent results in two and three-dimensional form. The code architecture provides an extensible framework to add an arbitrary number of modules.

Eisler, G.R.; Fuerschbach, P.W.

1997-07-01

424

A BMI-based occupational therapy assist suit: asynchronous control by SSVEP  

PubMed Central

A brain-machine interface (BMI) is an interface technology that uses neurophysiological signals from the brain to control external machines. Recent invasive BMI technologies have succeeded in the asynchronous control of robot arms for a useful series of actions, such as reaching and grasping. In this study, we developed non-invasive BMI technologies aiming to make such useful movements using the subject's own hands by preparing a BMI-based occupational therapy assist suit (BOTAS). We prepared a pre-recorded series of useful actions—a grasping-a-ball movement and a carrying-the-ball movement—and added asynchronous control using steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) signals. A SSVEP signal was used to trigger the grasping-a-ball movement and another SSVEP signal was used to trigger the carrying-the-ball movement. A support vector machine was used to classify EEG signals recorded from the visual cortex (Oz) in real time. Untrained, able-bodied participants (n = 12) operated the system successfully. Classification accuracy and time required for SSVEP detection were ~88% and 3 s, respectively. We further recruited three patients with upper cervical spinal cord injuries (SCIs); they also succeeded in operating the system without training. These data suggest that our BOTAS system is potentially useful in terms of rehabilitation of patients with upper limb disabilities.

Sakurada, Takeshi; Kawase, Toshihiro; Takano, Kouji; Komatsu, Tomoaki; Kansaku, Kenji

2013-01-01

425

REE partitioning between apatite and melt in a peralkaline volcanic suite, Kenya Rift Valley  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Electron microprobe analyses are presented for fluorapatite phenocrysts from a benmoreite-peralkaline rhyolite volcanic suite from the Kenya Rift Valley. The rocks have previously been well characterized petrographically and their crystallization conditions are reasonably well known. The REE contents in the M site increase towards the rhyolites, with a maximum britholite component of ~35 mol.%. Chondrite-normalized REE patterns are rather flat between La and Sm and then decrease towards Yb. Sodium and Fe occupy up to 1% and 4%, respectively, of the M site. The major coupled substitution is REE3+ + Si4+ ??? Ca2+ + P5+. The substitution REE3+ + Na+ ??? 2Ca2+ has been of minor importance. The relatively large Fe contents were perhaps facilitated by the low fo2 conditions of crystallization. Zoning is ubiquitous and resulted from both fractional crystallization and magma mixing. Apatites in some rhyolites are relatively Y-depleted, perhaps reflecting crystallization from melts which had precipitated zircon. Mineral/glass (melt) ratios for two rhyolites are unusually high, with maxima at Sm (762, 1123). ?? 2008 The Mineralogical Society.

Macdonald, R.; Baginski, B.; Belkin, H. E.; Dzierzanowski, P.; Jezak, L.

2009-01-01

426

Towards a Spiderman suit: large invisible cables and self-cleaning releasable superadhesive materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spiders can produce cobwebs with high strength to density ratio and surprisingly display self-cleaning, strong and releasable adhesion (like geckos). Nanointerlocking, capillary and van der Waals forces, all potential adhesive mechanisms, are thus discussed, demonstrating the key role played by hierarchy in the design of superhydrophobic, i.e. self-cleaning (dry or wet and enhanced by activating Fakir drops as in lotus leaves) and superadhesive materials. The reversibility of the strong attachment is quantified thanks to an improved nonlinear peeling model including friction, for which the solution in closed form is provided. Thus, mimicking nature, thanks to carbon-nanotube-based technology, we suggest the feasibility of large invisible cables, as well as of self-cleaning, superadhesive and releasable hierarchical smart materials. We found that a man can theoretically be supported by a transparent cable with cross-section of 1 cm2 and feasibly, with spider material gloves and boots, could remain attached even to a ceiling: a preliminary step towards a Spiderman suit.

Pugno, Nicola M.

2007-10-01

427

New inline AFM metrology tool suited for LSI manufacturing at the 45-nm node and beyond  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new inline metrology tool utilizing atomic force microscope (AFM) suited for LSI manufacturing at the 45-nm node and beyond has been developed. The developed AFM is featuring both of high-speed wafer processing (throughput: 30 WPH) and high-precision measurement (static repeatability: 0.5nm in 3?). Several types of carbon nanotube (CNT) probes specially designed for the AFM have also been developed. The combination of Advanced StepInTM mode and CNT probes realizes high precision measurement for high-aspect-ratio samples such as photoresist patterns. In Advanced StepInTM mode, a probe tip approaches and contacts a sample surface, and then moves away from the surface and toward a new measurement position. A series of these actions is performed in a short time (3.8 ms for single measurement point) full-automatically. Advanced StepInTM mode not only ensures gentle probe tip contact and precise measurement of high aspect ratio samples, but also minimum tip wear. CNT probes can provide long term performance, while eliminating the need for probe exchange. The developed AFM also realizes flatness measurement of 10-nm level in a wide area of 40x40-mm maximum. This performance is sufficient for the evaluation of CMP processes at the 45-nm node.

Edamura, Manabu; Kunitomo, Yuichi; Morimoto, Takafumi; Sekino, Satoshi; Kurenuma, Toru; Kembo, Yukio; Watanabe, Masahiro; Baba, Shuichi; Hidaka, Kishio

2007-03-01

428

Magnetic diagnostic suite of the C-2 field-reversed configuration experiment confinement vessel.  

PubMed

Magnetic measurements are a fundamental part of determining the size and shape of field-reversed configuration (FRC) plasmas in the C-2 device. The magnetic probe suite consists of 44 in-vessel and ex-vessel probes constructed using various technologies: ultra-high vacuum compatible mineral-insulated cable, nested triple axis coils hand-wound on ceramic bobbins, and commercial chip inductors mounted on printed circuit boards. Together, these probes measure the three-dimensional excluded flux profile of the FRC, which approximates the shape of the separatrix between the confined plasma volume and the scrape-off layer. High accuracy is achieved by using the extensive probe measurements to compensate for non-ideal effects such as flux leakage through the vacuum vessel and bulk motion of the FRC towards the wall. A subset of the probes is also used as a set of Mirnov arrays that provide sensitive detection of perturbations and oscillations of the FRC. PMID:23126883

Thompson, M C; Douglass, J D; Feng, P; Knapp, K; Luo, Y; Mendoza, R; Patel, V; Tuszewski, M; Van Drie, A D

2012-10-01

429

Possible scanning scenarios of the GOES-R HES (Hyperspectral Environmental Suite)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With increased spectral, spatial, and temporal resolution, the Hyperspectral Environmental Suite (HES) of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-R Series will contribute to a significant improvement in the GOES products, including an increase in the number of products over the current GOES Imager and Sounder, especially when combined with the GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI). The planned capabilities of the HES are encompassed by tasks, which describe required performance for operating at required scan rates. The scheduling of the HES will be determined by NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). A range of possible scan scenarios for optimizing the collection of data for users with a variety of geographic or phenomenological concerns will be discussed here. One such schedule from the sounding capability of the HES would be a full "sounding disk" at 10 km (sub-satellite point resolution) covered every three hours, as well as the contiguous U.S. every hour at 4 km resolution, plus selected other regions of interest. The HES Coastal Waters (CW) will provide coverage of the coastal areas every three hours, in addition to other regions such as the Great Lakes, or other features of interest.

Schmit, Timothy J.; Gurka, James; Menzel, W. P.; Coakley, Monica M.; Mostek, Anthony; Schrab, Kevin; Gunshor, Mathew M.; Wimmers, Anthony

2005-06-01

430

Vertical resolution study on the GOES-R Hyperspectral Environmental Suite (HES)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High spectral resolution infrared radiances from the Hyperspectral Environmental Suite (HES) on Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-R and beyond) will allow for monitoring the evolution of atmospheric temperature and moisture vertical distributions. HES, together with the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI), will operationally provide enhanced spatial, temporal and vertical information for radiances and atmospheric soundings that are desired by numerical weather forecast models. An algorithm has been developed to analyze the retrieval error and the vertical resolution of soundings from HES radiances. Trade-off studies have been done to balance the spectral coverage, spectral resolution, and signal-to-noise ratio in order to achieve the GOES users' requirement of 1 K accuracy with 1km vertical resolution for temperature and 10% accuracy with 2km vertical resolution for relative humidity. The vertical resolution capability of HES is also compared with that of the current GOES Sounder which has 18 infrared spectral channels and the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) on the NOAA polar orbiting satellites that has good temperature sensitivity in the lower stratosphere and upper troposphere. The advantage of combination of GOES sounder and AMSU is also investigated.

Li, Jun; Wang, Fang; Schmit, Timothy J.; Menzel, W. Paul; Gurka, James J.

2005-01-01

431

Suites of terpene synthases explain differential terpenoid production in ginger and turmeric tissues.  

PubMed

The essential oils of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and turmeric (Curcuma longa) contain a large variety of terpenoids, some of which possess anticancer, antiulcer, and antioxidant properties. Despite their importance, only four terpene synthases have been identified from the Zingiberaceae family: (+)-germacrene D synthase and (S)-?-bisabolene synthase from ginger rhizome, and ?-humulene synthase and ?-eudesmol synthase from shampoo ginger (Zingiber zerumbet) rhizome. We report the identification of 25 mono- and 18 sesquiterpene synthases from ginger and turmeric, with 13 and 11, respectively, being functionally characterized. Novel terpene synthases, (-)-caryolan-1-ol synthase and ?-zingiberene/?-sesquiphellandrene synthase, which is responsible for formation of the major sesquiterpenoids in ginger and turmeric rhizomes, were also discovered. These suites of enzymes are responsible for formation of the majority of the terpenoids present in these two plants. Structures of several were modeled, and a comparison of sets of paralogs suggests how the terpene synthases in ginger and turmeric evolved. The most abundant and most important sesquiterpenoids in turmeric rhizomes, (+)-?-turmerone and (+)-?-turmerone, are produced from (-)-?-zingiberene and (-)-?-sesquiphellandrene, respectively, via ?-zingiberene/?-sesquiphellandrene oxidase and a still unidentified dehydrogenase. PMID:23272109

Koo, Hyun Jo; Gang, David R

2012-12-18

432

Conservation biology for suites of species: Demographic modeling for Pacific island kingfishers  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Conservation practitioners frequently extrapolate data from single-species investigations when managing critically endangered populations. However, few researchers initiate work with the intent of making findings useful to conservation efforts for other species. We presented and explored the concept of conducting conservation-oriented research for suites of geographically separated populations with similar natural histories, resource needs, and extinction threats. An example was provided in the form of an investigation into the population demography of endangered Micronesian kingfishers (Todiramphus cinnamominus). We provided the first demographic parameter estimates for any of the 12 endangered Pacific Todiramphus species, and used results to develop a population projection matrix model for management throughout the insular Pacific. Further, we used the model for elasticity and simulation analyses with demographic values that randomly varied across ranges that might characterize congener populations. Results from elasticity and simulation analyses indicated that changes in breeding adult survival exerted the greatest magnitude of influence on population dynamics. However, changes in nestling survival were more consistently correlated with population dynamics as demographic rates were randomly altered. We concluded that conservation practitioners working with endangered Pacific kingfishers should primarily focus efforts on factors affecting nestling and breeder survival, and secondarily address fledgling juveniles and helpers. Further, we described how the generalized base model might be changed to focus on individual populations and discussed the potential application of multi-species models to other conservation situations. ?? 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Kesler, D. C.; Haig, S. M.

2007-01-01

433

A BMI-based occupational therapy assist suit: asynchronous control by SSVEP.  

PubMed

A brain-machine interface (BMI) is an interface technology that uses neurophysiological signals from the brain to control external machines. Recent invasive BMI technologies have succeeded in the asynchronous control of robot arms for a useful series of actions, such as reaching and grasping. In this study, we developed non-invasive BMI technologies aiming to make such useful movements using the subject's own hands by preparing a BMI-based occupational therapy assist suit (BOTAS). We prepared a pre-recorded series of useful actions-a grasping-a-ball movement and a carrying-the-ball movement-and added asynchronous control using steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) signals. A SSVEP signal was used to trigger the grasping-a-ball movement and another SSVEP signal was used to trigger the carrying-the-ball movement. A support vector machine was used to classify EEG signals recorded from the visual cortex (Oz) in real time. Untrained, able-bodied participants (n = 12) operated the system successfully. Classification accuracy and time required for SSVEP detection were ~88% and 3 s, respectively. We further recruited three patients with upper cervical spinal cord injuries (SCIs); they also succeeded in operating the system without training. These data suggest that our BOTAS system is potentially useful in terms of rehabilitation of patients with upper limb disabilities. PMID:24068982

Sakurada, Takeshi; Kawase, Toshihiro; Takano, Kouji; Komatsu, Tomoaki; Kansaku, Kenji

2013-09-23

434

star Miner: A suit of classifiers for spatial, temporal, ancillary, and remote sensing data mining  

SciTech Connect

Thematic classification of multi-spectral remotely sensed imagery for large geographic regions requires complex algorithms and feature selection techniques. Traditional statistical classifiers rely exclusively on spectral characteristics, but thematic classes are often spectrally overlapping. The spectral response distributions of thematic classes are dependent on many factors including terrain, slope, aspect, soil type, and atmospheric conditions present during the image acquisition. With the availability of geo-spatial databases, it is possible to exploit the knowledge derived from these ancillary geo-spatial databases to improve the classification accuracies. However, it is not easy to incorporate this additional knowledge into traditional statistical classification methods. On the other hand, knowledge-based and neural network classifiers can readily incorporate these spatial databases, but these systems are often complex to train and their accuracy is only slightly better than statistical classifiers. In this paper we present a new suit of classifiers developed through NASA funding, which addresses many of these problems and provide a framework for mining multi-spectral and temporal remote sensing images guided by geo-spatial databases.

Vatsavai, Raju [ORNL; Shekhar, Shashi [University of Minnesota; Burk, Thomas E [University of Minnesota; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL

2008-01-01

435

A suite of Gateway cloning vectors for high-throughput genetic analysis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.  

PubMed

In the post-genomic era, academic and biotechnological research is increasingly shifting its attention from single proteins to the analysis of complex protein networks. This change in experimental design requires the use of simple and experimentally tractable organisms, such as the unicellular eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and a range of new high-throughput techniques. The Gateway system has emerged as a powerful high-throughput cloning method that allows for the in vitro recombination of DNA with high speed, accuracy and reliability. Two Gateway-based libraries of overexpression plasmids containing the entire complement of yeast open reading frames (ORFs) have recently been completed. In order to make use of these powerful resources, we adapted the widely used pRS series of yeast shuttle vectors for use in Gateway-based cloning. The resulting suite of 288 yeast Gateway vectors is based upon the two commonly used GPD and GAL1 promoter expression systems that enable expression of ORFs, either constitutively or under galactose-inducible conditions. In addition, proteins of interest can be fused to a choice of frequently used N- or C-terminal tags, such as EGFP, ECFP, EYFP, Cerulean, monomeric DsRed, HA or TAP. We have made this yeast Gateway vector kit available to the research community via the non-profit Addgene Plasmid Repository (http://www.addgene.org/yeast_gateway). PMID:17583893

Alberti, Simon; Gitler, Aaron D; Lindquist, Susan

2007-10-01

436

Sponsorship: A Path to the Academic Medicine C-suite for Women Faculty?  

PubMed

Despite increases in the percentages of women medical school graduates and faculty over the past decade, women physicians and scientists remain underrepresented in academic medicine's highest-level executive positions, known as the "C-suite." The challenges of today and the future require novel approaches and solutions that depend on having diverse leaders. Such diversity has been widely shown to be critical to creating initiatives and solving complex problems such as those facing academic medicine and science. However, neither formal mentoring programs focused on individual career development nor executive coaching programs focused on individual job performance have led to substantial increases in the proportion of women in academic medicine's top leadership positions.Faced with a similar dilemma, the corporate world has initiated sponsorship programs designed to accelerate the careers of women as leaders. Sponsors differ from mentors and coaches in one key area: They have the position and power to advocate publicly for the advancement of nascent talent, including women, in the organization. Although academic medicine differs from the corporate world, the strong sponsorship programs that have advanced women into corporations' upper levels of leadership can serve as models for sponsorship programs to launch new leaders in academic medicine. PMID:23969365

Travis, Elizabeth L; Doty, Leilani; Helitzer, Deborah L

2013-10-01

437

Neural Network: a Statistical Treatment Well Suited to Coral Skeleton Proxies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is commonly admitted that chemical measurements of coral skeleton provide the best climate archives of tropical zone. However, studies earlier published failed to quantitatively reconstruct climate conditions of the last centuries. All the biases introduced by using an empirical SST calibration based on the classical isotopic thermometer have been called "vital effect". Indeed, by comparing chemical and metabolic characteristics of coral cultured in controlled conditions, we highlighted the intimate relationships between coral skeleton and physiology of the coral and its symbionts. It drives that several environmental factors determine one proxy. For instance, temperature may impact oxygen isotopic ratio both by kinetic isotopic fractionation but also through photosynthesis. Due to various incorporation processes, each proxy of a unique sample will be affected differently by one environmental factor, through a single biologic filter. In addition, the fractionations involved non-linear mechanisms, which may differently affect annual average or seasonal variability of a chemical parameter. Therefore, neural networks applied on time data series of several proxies measured on each sample along a coral core, successively following the filtered inter-annual and sub-annual signal, appear as well suited method.

Juillet-Leclerc, A.; Thiria, S.

2008-12-01

438

The effects of wet suits on physiological and biomechanical indices during swimming.  

PubMed

The objectives of this study were to verify the effects of wet suits (WS) on the performance during 1500m swimming (V1500), on the velocity corresponding to the anaerobic threshold (VAT) and on the drag force (AD) as well as its coefficient (Cx). 19 swimmers randomly completed the following protocols on different days (with and without WS): 1) maximal performance of 1500m swimming; 2) VAT in field test, with fixed concentration of blood lactate (4 mM) and 3) determination of hydrodynamic indices (AD and Cx). The results demonstrated significant differences (p < 0.05) in the VAT (1.27 +/- 0.09; 1.21 +/- 0.06 m.s-1), and in the V1500 (1.21 +/- 0.08; 1.17 +/- 0.08 m.s-1), with and without WS, respectively. However the AD, and its Cx did not present significant differences (p>0.05) for the respective maximal speeds of swimming. In summary, we can conclude that WS allows swimmers to reach greater speeds in both, long- and short-course swims. This improvement can be related to the decrease of the AD, since with higher speeds (with WS) the subjects presented the same resistance, as they did when compared to speeds without a WS. Moreover, these data suggest that the methodology used in this study to determine the Cx is unable to detect the improvement caused by WS. PMID:10839223

de Lucas, R D; Balikian, P; Neiva, C M; Greco, C C; Denadai, B S

2000-03-01

439

Dual-room 1.5-T intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging suite with a movable magnet: implementation and preliminary experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

We hereby report our initial clinical experience of a dual-room intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) suite with\\u000a a movable 1.5-T magnet for both neurosurgical and independent diagnostic uses. The findings from the first 45 patients who\\u000a underwent scheduled neurosurgical procedures with iMRI in this suite (mean age, 41.3?±?12.0 years; intracranial tumors, 39\\u000a patients; cerebral vascular lesions, 5 patients; epilepsy surgery, 1

Xiaolei Chen; Bai-nan Xu; Xianghui Meng; Jun Zhang; Xingguang Yu; Dingbiao Zhou

440

The GeneInsight Suite: A Platform to Support Laboratory and Provider Use of DNA based Genetic Testing  

PubMed Central

The future of personalized medicine will hinge on effective management of patient genetic profiles. Molecular diagnostic testing laboratories need to track knowledge surrounding an increasingly large number of genetic variants, incorporate this knowledge into interpretative reports and keep ordering clinicians up to date as this knowledge evolves. Treating clinicians need to track which variants have been identified in each of their patients along with the significance of these variants. The GeneInsightSM Suite assists in these areas. The suite also provides a basis for interconnecting laboratories and clinicians in a manner that increases the scalability of personalized medicine processes.

Aronson, Samuel J.; Clark, Eugene H.; Babb, Lawrence J; Baxter, Samantha; Farwell, Lisa M.; Funke, Birgit H.; Hernandez, Amy Lovelette; Joshi, Victoria A.; Lyon, Elaine; Parthum, Andrew R.; Russell, Franklin J.; Varugheese, Matthew; Venman, Thomas C.; Rehm, Heidi L.

2011-01-01

441

Signatures of magma chamber replenishment in cumulates of the Rum Layered Suite, NW Scotland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Rum Layered Suite, NW Scotland, intruded during the Palaeogene opening of the North Atlantic Ocean, is a classic example of a layered mafic-ultramafic intrusion formed by open-system magmatic differentiation. The structurally lower Western Layered Intrusion (WLI) is separated from the Eastern Layered Intrusion (ELI) by a linear zone of chaotically deformed and brecciated cumulate: the Central Intrusion. The latter occupies the position of the Long Loch Fault, believed to have sited ascent and emplacement of the Rum Layered Suite. The WLI contains large volumes of harrisite, a spectacular 'disequilibrium' cumulate olivine texture formed as a result of deep undercooling of batches of picritic melt upon entry to the magma chamber. The ELI comprises 16 coupled feldspathic peridotite-troctolite (± olivine gabbro) paired rhythmic units, which have each been recognized as representing major magma influx events. Historical and recent petrological study has largely focused on the ELI, finding much evidence of open-system magma chamber behaviour there, but comparatively little work has been carried out on the cumulates of the WLI. Superimposed on the large-scale cyclic peridotite-troctolite layering of the ELI is a great degree of complexity and structural deformation of smaller scale (cm-to-m) layering, especially of feldspathic peridotite and troctolite, attributed to the 'leaky' open-system behaviour of the Rum chamber. Arguably the most striking feature of magma replenishment is the presence of Cr-spinel seams (chromitite) at the precise position of some of the major cyclic unit boundaries. These are typically ~2 mm thick and may be laterally extensive over 2-3 km, generally immediately overlying 'restitic' anorthosite. The cumulates above and below the unit boundaries preserve evidence that the chromitite seams and anorthosites crystallised in situ following downward infiltration of primitive picrite and concomitant assimilation of the underlying troctolite. Models that invoke the dissolution of troctolite in order to force the incoming magma to precipitate large volumes of Cr-spinel do not obviously account for the presence of chromitite seams in the centres of some of the thick peridotite bodies of the ELI. Abundant 2-4 mm thick chromitite seams in the harrisitic peridotites of the WLI, where there is a distinct absence of plagioclase cumulate, are also problematic. In both the ELI and WLI, subtle mineralogical and textural changes occur across such intra-peridotite seams. This chromitite-peridotite association bears similarities to another natural occurrence of chromitite, i.e., in 'dunitic' melt channels in the upper mantle portions of some supra-subduction zone ophiolites. These have been interpreted as representative of large degrees of melt-rock reaction, an observation supported by the enrichments of Platinum-group elements that they often contain. The implications of these observations are that (1) individual thick ELI peridotites may have been constructed by multiple magma batches and (2) replenishment events in the WLI have been numerous and open system behaviour there may have operated on a scale comparable to that in the ELI.

O'Driscoll, B.

2012-04-01

442

Filtering skill for turbulent signals for a suite of nonlinear and linear extended Kalman filters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The filtering skill for turbulent signals from nature is often limited by errors due to utilizing an imperfect forecast model. In particular, real-time filtering and prediction when very limited or no a posteriori analysis is possible (e.g. spread of pollutants, storm surges, tsunami detection, etc.) introduces a number of additional challenges to the problem. Here, a suite of filters implementing stochastic parameter estimation for mitigating model error through additive and multiplicative bias correction is examined on a nonlinear, exactly solvable, stochastic test model mimicking turbulent signals in regimes ranging from configurations with strongly intermittent, transient instabilities associated with positive finite-time Lyapunov exponents to laminar behavior. Stochastic Parameterization Extended Kalman Filter (SPEKF), used as a benchmark here, involves exact formulas for propagating the mean and covariance of the augmented forecast model including the unresolved parameters. The remaining filters use the same nonlinear forecast model but they introduce model error through different moment closure approximations and/or linear tangent approximation used for computing the second-order statistics of the augmented stochastic forecast model. A comprehensive study of filter performance is carried out in the presence of various moment closure errors which are enhanced by additional model errors due to incorrect parameters inducing additive and multiplicative stochastic biases. The estimation skill of the unresolved stochastic parameters is also discussed and it is shown that the linear tangent filter, despite its popularity, is completely unreliable in many turbulent regimes for both parameter estimation and filtering; moreover, regimes of filter divergence for the linear tangent filter are identified. The results presented here provide useful guidelines for filtering turbulent, high-dimensional, spatially extended systems with more general model errors, as well as for designing more skillful methods for superparameterization of unresolved intermittent processes in complex multi-scale models. They also provide unambiguous benchmarks for the capabilities of linear and nonlinear extended Kalman filters using incorrect statistics on an exactly solvable test bed with rich and realistic dynamics.

Branicki, M.; Gershgorin, B.; Majda, A. J.

2012-02-01

443

Physical characterization of a suite of Buzzard Coulee H4 chondrite fragments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On November 20, 2008, the Buzzard Coulee H4 chondrite fell to Earth outside of Lloydminster, Alberta, Canada. Eighteen fresh samples obtained by the National Meteorite Collection of Canada, ranging from 8.80 to 109.14 g, were investigated in this study. Physical properties of the samples were first obtained using a suite of nondestructive techniques. The bulk density (Archimedean bead method: 3.48 ± 0.04 g cm-3; 3-D laser imaging: 3.46 ± 0.03 g cm-3; micro-computed tomography: 3.44 ± 0.03 g cm-3), porosity (6.2 ± 0.1%), bulk magnetic susceptibility (log ?: 5.364 ± 0.056 × 10-9 m3 kg-1 at 825 Hz; 5.329 ± 0.052 × 10-9 m3 kg-1 at 19,000 Hz), and other derived magnetic properties (frequency dependence: 8.7 ± 6.2%; degree of anisotropy A%: 22.0 ± 2.0%; ellipsoid shape B%: -18.7 ± 8.7%) are typical of H chondrites. The coefficient of variation associated with the properties measured directly was low (0.10-1.15%), indicating that the samples are homogenous at the interfragment scale. The study then proceeded with detailed analyses at the intrafragment scale. Visual inspection of micro-computed tomographic images allowed the identification of an anomalous large clast with low metal content in a fragment. Another fragment exhibited macroscopic shock veins that warranted further examination. These fragments were cut and polished thin sections prepared for petrological analysis by optical and scanning electron microscopy. Based on mineralogical and textural similarities with several chondrules, the large clast was interpreted to be a macrochondrule. In a larger context, this study proposes a protocol for the systematic investigation of extraterrestrial material that can be exported to other new meteorite falls and finds, and specimens from sample return mission.

Fry, C.; Melanson, D.; Samson, C.; McCausland, P. J. A.; Herd, R. K.; Ernst, R. E.; Umoh, J.; Holdsworth, D. W.

2013-06-01

444

a Computationally Efficient Particle Simulation Method Suited to Vector Computer Architectures.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent interest in a National Aero-Space Plane (NASP) and various Aero-assisted Space Transfer Vehicles (ASTVs) presents the need for a greater understanding of high-speed rarefied flight conditions. Particle simulation techniques such as the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method are well suited to such problems, but the high cost of computation limits the application of the methods to two-dimensional or very simple three-dimensional problems. This research re-examines the algorithmic structure of existing particle simulation methods and re-structures them to allow efficient implementation on vector-oriented supercomputers. A brief overview of the DSMC method and the Cray-2 vector computer architecture are provided, and the elements of the DSMC method that inhibit substantial vectorization are identified. One such element is the collision selection algorithm. A complete reformulation of underlying kinetic theory shows that this may be efficiently vectorized for general gas mixtures. The mechanics of collisions are vectorizable in the DSMC method, but several optimizations are suggested that greatly enhance performance. Also this thesis proposes a new mechanism for the exchange of energy between vibration and other energy modes. The developed scheme makes use of quantized vibrational states and is used in place of the Borgnakke-Larsen model. Finally, a simplified representation of physical space and boundary conditions is utilized to further reduce the computational cost of the developed method. Comparison to solutions obtained from the DSMC method for the relaxation of internal energy modes in a homogeneous gas, as well as single and multiple specie shock wave profiles, are presented. Additionally, a large scale simulation of the flow about the proposed Aero-assisted Flight Experiment (AFE) vehicle is included as an example of the new computational capability of the developed particle simulation method. It is concluded that efficient vectorization of a particle simulation method is possible and up to two orders of magnitude improvement in computational performance can be attained.

McDonald, Jeffrey Douglas

1990-01-01

445

tmLQCD: A program suite to simulate Wilson twisted mass lattice QCD  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss a program suite for simulating Quantum Chromodynamics on a 4-dimensional space-time lattice. The basic Hybrid Monte Carlo algorithm is introduced and a number of algorithmic improvements are explained. We then discuss the implementations of these concepts as well as our parallelisation strategy in the actual simulation code. Finally, we provide a user guide to compile and run the program. Catalogue identifier: AEEH_v1_0 Program summary URL::http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEEH_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: GNU General Public Licence (GPL) No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 122?768 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 931?042 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: C and MPI Computer: any Operating system: any with a standard C compiler Has the code been vectorised or parallelised?: Yes. One or optionally any even number of processors may be used. Tested with up to 32?768 processors RAM: no typical values available Classification: 11.5 External routines: LAPACK [1] and LIME [2] library Nature of problem: Quantum Chromodynamics Solution method: Markov Chain Monte Carlo using the Hybrid Monte Carlo algorithm with mass preconditioning and multiple time scales [3]. Iterative solver for large systems of linear equations. Restrictions: Restricted to an even number of (not necessarily mass degenerate) quark flavours in the Wilson or Wilson twisted mass formulation of lattice QCD. Running time: Depending on the problem size, the architecture and the input parameters from a few minutes to weeks. References:http://www.netlib.org/lapack/.USQCD, http://usqcd.jlab.org/usqcd-docs/c-lime/.C. Urbach, K. Jansen, A. Shindler, U. Wenger, Comput. Phys. Commun. 174 (2006) 87, hep-lat/0506011.

Jansen, Karl; Urbach, Carsten

2009-12-01

446

The NASA Deep Impact Mission Instrument Suite and Opportunities for Ground-Based Collaborative Observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Deep Impact mission delivers a 360-kg Impactor spacecraft to collide with comet Tempel 1 in early July 2005, at a relative speed of approximately 10 km/s. The Impactor is launched attached to a Flyby spacecraft. The two spacecraft separate 24 hours before impact and the Flyby spacecraft diverts to fly by the nucleus at a range of 500 km, at about 18 minutes after the impact. The goal of the impact is to expose pristine material underneath the nuclear crust that can be observed by the Flyby. Lack of hard evidence of the strength and density of cometary nucleii results in a range of predicted crater sizes anywhere between 3 and 200 meters in diameter. Any outcome will significantly improve our knowledge of cometary nucleii. The Deep Impact scientific suite consists of three optical instruments: a High Resolution Instrument (HRI), and a Medium Resolution Instrument (MRI) on the Flyby spacecraft, and an Impactor Targeting Sensor (ITS), mounted on the Impactor. The HRI consists of a 30-cm aperture, 10.5-m focal length telescope feeding both a visible filtered CCD camera and a long slit IR spectrometer with spectral range from 1.05 to 4.8 microns. The MRI consists of a 12-cm aperture, 2.1-m focal length telescope that feeds a visible filtered CCD camera. The ITS telescope is identical to the MRI telescope, and feeds an unfiltered CCD camera. The instruments take advantage of the proximity to the impact to gather high-resolution images and spectra, but there are opportunities for collaborative ground-based observations to fill in coverage gaps in the observations by the flight instruments. This presentation discusses the measured performance of the flight instruments, the planned image sequences and the expected science results.

Hampton, D.; Huisjen, M.; Baer, J.; Yarnell, T.; Taudien, G.; Gallagher, D.; Varner, C.; Burcar, S.; A'Hearn, M. F.; Wellnitz, D. W.; Klaasen, K. P.; Meech, K. J.; Sunshine, J. M.

2004-05-01

447

Mars Atmospheric Argon Isotopes Measured by the SAM Instrument Suite on MSL  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) Suite (Mahaffy et al. 2012, SSR 170) is one of the science packages on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) “Curiosity” rover. The SAM is comprised of a Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer (QMS), a Tunable Laser Spectrometer (TLS) and a Gas Chromatograph (GC). Together these instruments, along with the solid sample manipulation and gas processing system, are able to measure directly the composition of the Mars atmosphere as well as gases thermally evolved from the rock samples delivered to SAM. During the first 200 sols of the mission, the QMS carried out three nighttime in situ atmospheric measurements, providing an initial determination of the chemical and isotopic composition of the Mars atmosphere. These direct atmospheric experiments determine the atmospheric 40Ar/36Ar ratio to be 1900 ± 300 (Mahaffy et al. 2013, Science, in press). A subsequent experiment on sol 232 examined an enriched sample of Mars atmosphere, with CO2 and H2O removed, increasing the signal-to-background ratio at m/z 36 by a factor of ~5. The SAM enrichment experiment confirms that MSL measures a Mars atmospheric ratio that is much lower than the 3000 ± 500 determined by the Viking landers (Owen et al. 1977, JGR 82). This finding agrees with the analyses of martian meteorites (made between the times of the Viking and MSL landings) suggesting that the Viking 40Ar/36Ar ratio was overestimated (e.g., Bogard and Garrison 1999, Met. & Pl. Sci. 34). The MSL 40Ar/36Ar measurement (as well as other isotopic ratios) constrains atmospheric escape and evolution, crustal degassing, and interpretation of martian meteorite composition. Recent experiments with the SAM QMS in the sol 200-360 range include daytime atmospheric measurements and a gas enrichment experiment in which the abundance and isotopic composition of Kr, Xe and 38Ar/36Ar was measured. Results of these experiments will be presented.

Manning, Heidi L.; Wong, M. H.; Franz, H. B.; Trainer, M.; Malespin, C. A.; Raaen, E.; Mahaffy, P. R.; Atreya, S. K.; Jones, J. H.; Pepin, R. O.; Navarro-Gonzalez, R.; Owen, T.; The MSL Team

2013-10-01

448

Multilevel and multiscale drought reanalysis over France with the Safran-Isba-Modcou hydrometeorological suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physically-based droughts can be defined as a water deficit in at least one component of the land surface hydrological cycle. The reliance of different activity domains (water supply, irrigation, hydropower, etc.) on specific components of this cycle requires drought monitoring to be based on indices related to meteorological, agricultural, and hydrological droughts. This paper describes a high-resolution retrospective analysis of such droughts in France over the last fifty years, based on the Safran-Isba-Modcou (SIM) hydrometeorological suite. The high-resolution 1958-2008 Safran atmospheric reanalysis was used to force the Isba land surface scheme and the hydrogeological model Modcou. Meteorological droughts are characterized with the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) at time scales varying from 1 to 24 months. Similar standardizing methods were applied to soil moisture and streamflow for identifying multiscale agricultural droughts - through the Standardized Soil Wetness Index (SSWI) - and multiscale hydrological droughts, through the Standardized Flow Index (SFI). Based on a common threshold level for all indices, drought event statistics over the 50-yr period - number of events, duration, severity and magnitude - have been derived locally in order to highlight regional differences at multiple time scales and at multiple levels of the hydrological cycle (precipitation, soil moisture, streamflow). Results show a substantial variety of temporal drought patterns over the country that are highly dependent on both the variable and time scale considered. Independent spatio-temporal drought events have then been identified and described by combining local characteristics with the evolution of area under drought. Summary statistics have finally been used to compare past severe drought events, from multi-year precipitation deficits (1989-1990) to short hot and dry periods (2003). Results show that the ranking of drought events depends highly on both the time scale and the variable considered. This multilevel and multiscale drought climatology will serve as a basis for assessing the impacts of climate change on droughts in France.

Vidal, J.-P.; Martin, E.; Franchistéguy, L.; Habets, F.; Soubeyroux, J.-M.; Blanchard, M.; Baillon, M.

2010-03-01

449

Multilevel drought reanalysis over France with Safran-Isba-Modcou hydrometeorological suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From a physics point of view, droughts can be defined as a water deficit in at least one component of the land surface hydrological cycle. The reliance of different activity domains (water supply, irrigation, hydropower, etc.) on specific components of this cycle prevent one from deriving a universal drought index. Drought monitoring thus requires having indices related to meteorological, agricultural, and hydrological droughts. This paper proposes a high-resolution retrospective analysis of such droughts in France over the last fifty years, based on Safran-Isba-Modcou (SIM) hydrometeorological suite. First, a high-resolution (hourly, 8km) gridded atmospheric reanalysis based on both ground observations and large-scale ECMWF atmospheric model archives was performed with Safran mesoscale analysis system for the period August 1958-July 2008. Analysed near-surface variables were then used to force the Isba land surface scheme which computes the surface water and energy budgets. The evolution of aquifers and river flows was furthermore simulated by Modcou hydrogeological model. Meteorological droughts are characterized by computing a Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) at time scales varying from 1 to 24 months. Agricultural and hydrological droughts are identified by applying a similar standardizing method to Soil Wetness Index (SWI) and streamflow respectively. Such an approach provides a consistent way to assess the propagation of droughts through the land surface hydrological cycle, by considering normally distributed indices derived from water contents in each component. Similarities and differences between different types of drought are highlighted by examining the severity, duration and areal extension of drought events, from multi-year precipitation deficits (1989-1990) to short hot and dry periods (2003). This multilevel drought climatology will serve as a basis for assessing the impacts of climate change on droughts in France.

Vidal, J.-P.; Martin, E.; Franchistéguy, L.; Soubeyroux, J.-M.; Baillon, M.; Blanchard, M.

2009-04-01

450

Multilevel and multiscale drought reanalysis over France with the Safran-Isba-Modcou hydrometeorological suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physically-based droughts can be defined as a water deficit in at least one component of the land surface hydrological cycle. The reliance of different activity domains (water supply, irrigation, hydropower, etc.) on specific components of this cycle requires drought monitoring to be based on indices related to meteorological, agricultural, and hydrological droughts. This paper describes a high-resolution retrospective analysis of such droughts in France over the last fifty years, based on the Safran-Isba-Modcou (SIM) hydrometeorological suite. The high-resolution 1958-2008 Safran atmospheric reanalysis was used to force the Isba land surface scheme and the hydrogeological model Modcou. Meteorological droughts are characterized with the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) at time scales varying from 1 to 24 months. Similar standardizing methods were applied to soil moisture and streamflow for identifying multiscale agricultural droughts - through the Standardized Soil Wetness Index (SSWI) - and multiscale hydrological droughts, through the Standardized Flow Index (SFI). Based on a common threshold level for all indices, drought event statistics over the 50-yr period - number of events, duration, severity and magnitude - have been derived locally in order to highlight regional differences at multiple time scales and at multiple levels of the hydrological cycle. Independent spatio-temporal drought events have then been identified and described by combining local characteristics with the evolution of area under drought. Summary statistics have finally been used to compare past severe drought events, from multi-year precipitation deficits (1989-1990) to short hot and dry periods (2003). This multilevel and multiscale drought climatology will serve as a basis for assessing the impacts of climate change on droughts in France.

Vidal, J.-P.; Martin, E.; Franchistéguy, L.; Habets, F.; Soubeyroux, J.-M.; Blanchard, M.; Baillon, M.

2009-10-01

451

Understanding microbialite morphology using a comprehensive suite of three-dimensional analysis tools.  

PubMed

Microbialites can have complex morphologies that preserve clues to ancient microbial ecology. However, extracting and interpreting these clues is challenging due to both the complexity of microbial structures and the difficulties of connecting morphology to microbial processes. Fenestrate microbialites from the 2521±3 Ma Gamohaan Formation, South Africa, have intricate structures composed of three distinct microbial structures: steeply dipping supports (surfaces defined by organic inclusions), more shallowly dipping supports with diffuse organic inclusions below them, and draping laminae. In polished slabs, shallowly dipping supports with diffuse organic inclusions show apparent dips from 27° to 60°, and supports without associated zones of diffuse inclusions dip 75° to 88°, which suggests a distinction between support types based on orientation. However, dips exposed in polished slabs are apparent dips, and three-dimensional analysis is required for analysis of true dips. Through the Keck Center for Active Visualization in Earth Sciences (KeckCAVES), we used locally developed software that controls a three-dimensional environment with head and hand tracking (an "immersive environment") to visualize and interpret virtual microbialite data sets. Immersive environments have not penetrated into standard scientific work processes ("workflows") due to their high costs, steep learning curves, and low productivity for users. By contrast, our suite of software tools allowed us to develop a personalized scientific workflow that provides a complete path from initial ideas to characterization of fenestrate microbialites' features. Results of three-dimensional analysis of fenestrate microbialites show that supports with inclusions dip 65° to 75°, whereas supports without inclusions dip 85° to 90°. These results demonstrate that all supports have very steep dips, and a 10° dip gap exists between supports with and without inclusions, which suggests they grew in fundamentally different ways. Results also emphasize how valuable three-dimensional analysis is when combined with a comprehensive workflow for understanding intricate structures such as fenestrate microbialites. PMID:21740150

Stevens, Eric W; Sumner, Dawn Y; Harwood, Cara L; Crutchfield, James P; Hamann, Bernd; Kreylos, Oliver; Puckett, Edward; Senge, Patrick

2011-07-08

452

Integrated Metabolomics Approach Facilitates Discovery of an Unpredicted Natural Product Suite from Streptomyces coelicolor M145.  

PubMed

Natural products exhibit a broad range of biological properties and have been a crucial source of therapeutic agents and novel scaffolds. Although bacterial secondary metabolomes are widely explored, they remain incompletely cataloged by current isolation and characterization strategies. To identify metabolites residing in unexplored chemical space, we have developed an integrated discovery approach that combines bacterial growth perturbation, accurate mass spectrometry, comparative mass spectra data analysis, and fragmentation spectra clustering for the identification of low-abundant, novel compounds from complex biological matrices. In this investigation, we analyzed the secreted metabolome of the extensively studied Actinomycete, Streptomyces coelicolor M145, and discovered a low-abundant suite of 15 trihydroxamate, amphiphilic siderophores. Compounds in this class have primarily been observed in marine microorganisms making their detection in the soil-dwelling S. coelicolor M145 significant. At least 10 of these ferrioxamine-based molecules are not known to be produced by any organism, and none have previously been detected from S. coelicolor M145. In addition, we confirmed the production of ferrioxamine D1, a relatively hydrophilic family member that has not been shown to be biosynthesized by this organism. The identified molecules are part of only a small list of secondary metabolites that have been discovered since sequencing of S. coelicolor M145 revealed that it possessed numerous putative secondary metabolite-producing gene clusters with no known metabolites. Thus, the identified siderophores represent the unexplored metabolic potential of both well-studied and new organisms that could be uncovered with our sensitive and robust approach. PMID:23777274

Sidebottom, Ashley M; Johnson, Andrew R; Karty, Jonathan A; Trader, Darci J; Carlson, Erin E

2013-07-01

453

Putting it all together: Exhumation histories from a formal combination of heat flow and a suite of thermochronometers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A suite of new techniques in thermochronometry allow analysis of the thermal history of a sample over a broad range of temperature sensitivities. New analysis tools must be developed that fully and formally integrate these techniques, allowing a single geologic interpretation of the rate and timing of exhumation and burial events consistent with all data. We integrate a thermal model

M. A. d'Alessio; C. F. Williams

2007-01-01

454

4 CFR 28.101 - Termination of Board proceedings when suit is filed in Federal District Court.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...is filed in Federal District Court. 28.101 Section 28...Employment Opportunity (EEO) Cases § 28.101 Termination...is filed in Federal District Court. Any proceeding before...files suit in Federal District Court on the same cause of...

2011-01-01

455

4 CFR 28.101 - Termination of Board proceedings when suit is filed in Federal District Court.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...is filed in Federal District Court. 28.101 Section 28...Employment Opportunity (EEO) Cases § 28.101 Termination...is filed in Federal District Court. Any proceeding before...files suit in Federal District Court on the same cause of...

2012-01-01

456

An Empirical Comparison of Test Suite Reduction Techniques for User-Session-Based Testing of Web Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automated cost-effective test strategies are needed to provide reliable, secure, and usable web applications. As a software maintainer updates an application, test cases mus t accurately reflect usage to expose faults that users are most likely to encounter. User-session-based testing is an auto - mated approach to enhancing an initial test suite with real user data, enabling additional testing during

Sara Sprenkle; Sreedevi Sampath; Emily Gibson; Lori L. Pollock; Amie L. Souter

2005-01-01

457

Creating an Environment for Linking Knowledge-based Systems to a Clinical Database: A Suite of Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

A difficulty in using knowledge-based systems has been linking them to clinical databases. The challenge is in making a correct mapping from the data in the knowledge base to the data in the database. At Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, we have built a suite of tools developed to create queries that address this challenge. The tools were designed to allow users

Adam Wilcox; George Hripcsak; Cynthia Chen

458

A deterministic electron, photon, proton and heavy ion transport suite for the study of the Jovian moon Europa  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Langley research center (LaRC) developed deterministic suite of radiation transport codes describing the propagation of electron, photon, proton and heavy ion in condensed media is used to simulate the exposure from the spectral distribution of the aforementioned particles in the Jovian radiation environment. Based on the measurements by the Galileo probe (1995–2003) heavy ion counter (HIC), the choice of

Francis F. Badavi; Steve R. Blattnig; William Atwell; John E. Nealy; Ryan B. Norman

2011-01-01

459

A deterministic electron, photon, proton and heavy ion transport suite for the study of the Jovian moon Europa  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Langley research center (LaRC) developed deterministic suite of radiation transport codes describing the propagation of electron, photon, proton and heavy ion in condensed media is used to simulate the exposure from the spectral distribution of the aforementioned particles in the Jovian radiation environment. Based on the measurements by the Galileo probe (1995-2003) heavy ion counter (HIC), the choice of

Francis F. Badavi; Steve R. Blattnig; William Atwell; John E. Nealy; Ryan B. Norman

2011-01-01

460

Mo?bearing granodiorite porphyry plutons of the Early Cretaceous Separation Point Suite, west Nelson, New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

In west Nelson a 130 km long belt containing granodiorite stocks with associated subeconomic stockwork Mo mineralisation is correlated with the I?type Separation Point Suite and Western Fiordland Orthogneiss, both of Early Cretaceous age. Trace element characteristics of relatively unaltered samples of these Mo?granite stocks, and the Separation Point Batholith, indicate an arc setting for both groups of rocks, which

A. J. Tulloch; S. D. C. Rabone

1993-01-01

461

Radiation Tests of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit Space Suit for the International Space Station Using Energetic Protons, Chapter 3.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Measurements using silicon detectors to characterize the radiation transmitted through the EMU space suit and a human phantom have been performed using 155 and 250 MeV proton beams at LLUMC. The beams simulate radiation encountered in space, where trapped...

C. Zeitlin L. Heilbronn J. Miller M. Shavers

2003-01-01

462

A Suite of Dermestid Beetle Traces on Dinosaur Bone from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, Wyoming, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most studies of insect traces on fossil bone deal with one or two trace morphs found on isolated bone fragments, making it difficult to identify the trace-maker and its behavior. We report the discovery of a suite of insect traces on an articulated Camptosaurus dinosaur skeleton that permits the identification of the trace-maker and interpretations of its behavior. The traces

Brooks B. Britt; Rodney D. Scheetz; Anne Dangerfield

2008-01-01

463

Airborne prototype instrument suite test flight of a low-light high-dynamic range imager and visible spectrometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Airborne Sensors Initiative (ASI) at Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp. (BATC) specializes in airborne demonstration of internally-developed instrument concepts and innovative remote sensing technologies. In December 2006, ASI flew an environmental remote sensing suite consisting of the Low Light Imager (LLI) and Prototype Airborne Visible Imaging Spectrometer (PAVIS), both of which are operated using a pushbroom approach. LLI is

Michele A. Kuester; James K. Lasnik; Tanya Ramond; Tony Lin; Brian Johnson; Paul Kaptchen; William Good

2007-01-01

464

Comparative Performance of a Modified Space Shuttle Reentry Anti-G Suit (REAGS) with and Without Pressure Socks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a prior study, the Armstrong Laboratory (AL) demonstrated that +G(sub z) protection during simulated shuttle reentry could be improved with an extended coverage anti-G suit with pressure socks but no abdominal bladder (REAGS). In a subsequent study con...

R. W. Krutz G. L. Ripley J. A. Marshall C. F. Sawin

1994-01-01

465

Mexican Americans in the Era of World War II: Studying the Sleepy Lagoon Case and Zoot Suit Riots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author was growing up in East Los Angeles his mother told him about the "classy" gangsters of East L.A. who wore Zoot Suits. Through research, he learned that the Zoot Suiters were much more than well-dressed Latinos: they had a sense of honor and pride and exhibited class under adverse circumstances. In August of 1942, Jose Diaz, a…

Ramirez, Axel Donizetti

2012-01-01

466

20 CFR 30.618 - What happens if this type of tort suit was filed after December 28, 2001?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Provisions Effect of Tort Suits Against Beryllium Vendors and Atomic Weapons Employers...employee's employment-related exposure to beryllium or radiation that are included in the...be connected to his or her exposure to beryllium or radiation covered by EEOICPA....

2013-04-01

467

Mexican Americans in the Era of World War II: Studying the Sleepy Lagoon Case and Zoot Suit Riots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When the author was growing up in East Los Angeles his mother told him about the "classy" gangsters of East L.A. who wore Zoot Suits. Through research, he learned that the Zoot Suiters were much more than well-dressed Latinos: they had a sense of honor and pride and exhibited class under adverse circumstances. In August of 1942, Jose Diaz, a…

Ramirez, Axel Donizetti

2012-01-01

468

Comparing test-suite based evaluation and corpus-based evaluation of a wide-coverage grammar for English  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present our experiences in the evaluation of a wide-coverage grammar of English: the XTAG English grammar. We give a brief history of previous evaluations done using the XTAG grammar and then describe a pair of new evaluations done on a corpus of weather reports and the CSLI LKB test suite. Based on these experiments, we discuss

Rashmi Prasad; Anoop Sarkar

2000-01-01

469

Sociology of literature, sociology of translation: The reception of Irène Némirovsky's Suite française in France and Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses Irène Némirovsky's posthumously published novel Suite française (2004 [in French] and 2006 [in English]) as a case study to investigate the ways in which the market for translated literature functions in Britain today. The article raises methodological questions relating to the analysis of the function of the translated literary text in the target culture, proposing that work

Angela Kershaw

2010-01-01

470

Application of the PEBBED Code Suite to the PBMR-400 Coupled Code Benchmark - FY2006 Annual Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the recent developments of the PEBBED code suite and its application to the PBMR-400 Coupled Code Benchmark. This report addresses an FY2006 Level 2 milestone under the NGNP Design and Evaluation Methods Work Package. The milestone...

H. D. Gougar

2006-01-01

471

Verification Test Suite (VERTS) For Rail Gun Applications using ALE3D: 2-D Hydrodynamics & Thermal Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

A verification test suite has been assessed with primary focus on low reynolds number flow of liquid metals. This is representative of the interface between the armature and rail in gun applications. The computational multiphysics framework, ALE3D, is used. The main objective of the current study is to provide guidance and gain confidence in the results obtained with ALE3D. A

F M Najjar; J Solberg; D White

2008-01-01

472

The iron-rich suite from the Amîtsoq gneisses of southern West Greenland: early Archaean plutonic rocks of mixed crustal and mantle origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

A distinctive group of augen gneisses and ferrodiorites (termed the iron-rich suite) is a component of the early Archaean Amîtsoq gneisses of southern West Greenland. The iron-rich suite outcrops south of the mouth of Ameralik fjord in an area that underwent granulite facies metamorphism in the early Archaean. The iron-rich suite forms approximately 30% of the Amîtsoq gneiss of this

Allen P. Nutman; David Bridgwater; Brian J. Fryer

1984-01-01

473

Geochemical Investigation of Saddlebag Lake Roof Pendant and Lee Vining Intrusive Suite Origins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our study is to determine to what extent volcanic rocks from the Saddlebag Lake Roof Pendant (SLRP) represent the erupted complement of the Sierra Nevada Batholith (SNB). SLRP formation is thought to be prior to or synchronous with Sierra Nevada orogeny. Age dates of the SLRP are similar to age dates from the Lee Vining Intrusive Suite (LVIS), so the LVIS may be the plutonic equivalent of the SLRP (Kistler and Fleck 1994). A hypothesized analog between SLRP-LVIS is the Wilson Ridge Pluton (WRP)-River Mountains (RM) complex in southern Nevada, which is a dismembered volcanic complex offset by normal faulting (Honn and Smith, 2008). WRP and RM trace element data from Honn and Smith plot very similar on a Hf-Th-Ta ternary diagram, and Sr and Nd isotope analyses also indicate that the Nevada rocks are co-magmatic. Our goal is to conduct geochemical tests to determine whether the SLRP and LVIS are co-genetic. Our preliminary data support the possibility that the SLRP may provide a window into the magmatic evolutionary processes that led to the development of the LVIS, and the SNB generally. Eighteen samples were collected from the SLRP; major element compositions of whole rocks yield similar weight percents of major oxides for some published data from the LVIS (Bateman et al. 1984). Our SLRP samples, though, trend to higher MgO, Fe2O3, Al2O3, and CaO, lower in SiO2 and Na2O+K2O. If the SLRP and LVIS are indeed related, the SLRP samples may represent some of the less-differentiated liquids from which the LVIS was derived. We were only able to find one basalt (51.2 wgt % SiO2), albeit with very low MgO (2.17 wt %), which may give clues as to the origin of the LVIS. If the mafic enclaves in the LVIS were once liquid, then the SLRP basalts should be comparable to mafic enclaves in composition. We are also analyzing mafic enclaves from the LVIS to explore whether these are liquid precursors to Sierra Nevada Batholith granites.

Wonderly, A.; Canchola, J.; Putirka, K. D.

2009-12-01

474

Geology and geochemistry of the Neoproterozoic Tuludimtu Ophiolite suite, western Ethiopia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Kemashi Domain, a lithotectonic subdivision of the Neoproterozoic Tuludimtu Orogenic Belt of western Ethiopia, consists of a suite of mafic ultramafic volcanic and plutonic rocks, and interbedded deep marine sediments, mainly graphite-bearing pelitic schists and phyllites, and graphitic quartzites and cherts. Pillow structures indicate submarine extrusion of the volcanics, whilst partings within some of the basalts may represent sheeted dykes. An associated mélange unit, composed of blocks of the same rock types as above, set in a fine schistose matrix, also occurs. This assemblage is interpreted as a dismembered ophiolite—the Tuludimtu Ophiolite—formed in a deep oceanic environment. A turbiditic sequence is also present in the domain. The Tuludimtu Ophiolite underwent intense compression during the Neoproterozoic Pan African Orogeny, resulting in early recumbent folding and westwards-directed thrusting, followed by reactivation of steeper zones of the thrusts as N S orogen-parallel strike-slip shear zones, accompanied by refolding of early folds into upright horizontal folds. This was followed by development of deep crustal NNW SSE orogen-transecting shear zones, which were reactivated as brittle faults during orogenic collapse of the Tuludimtu Belt. Metamorphism to lower greenschist facies grade accompanied orogenesis. Major, trace and REE geochemistry of volcanic and some plutonic igneous rocks, has been employed to define the tectonic setting of the terrane. Tectonic discrimination diagrams, utilising REE and HFSE, indicate a wide distribution spectrum but with the majority of samples plotting in arc basalt and MORB fields, suggesting derivation from sources similar to N-MORB and depleted MORB (typical of many arc basalts). Most of the samples exhibit a slight depletion of immobile elements, relative to N-MORB values and also show depletion of Zr, Ti, Nb and Y, implying that their source had been depleted by an earlier melting episode. Overall, the geochemistry typifies spreading centre basalts with some compositional features transitional to those of arc basalts, a characteristic of back-arc basalts. Lithological association, structural style and geochemistry of the rock assemblage in the Kemashi Domain thus define an ophiolite interpreted to have formed within a deep marine environment. This is thought to have been due to rifting of continental crust within a back-arc basin regime in a continental margin type extensional setting. Comparison with other ophiolitic terranes within the Arabian Nubian Shield, suggests that many of these terranes may represent back-arc basin type tectonic settings, similar to the Kemashi Domain. This supports the multi-stage accretion model for closure of the Mozambique Ocean, for which the Pacific Ocean may be a present day analogue.

Tadesse, Gebremedhin; Allen, Alistair

2005-02-01

475

Appinite suites: A record of the role of water in the genesis, transport, emplacement and crystallization of magma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The appinite suite of rocks offers a unique opportunity to study the effect of water on the generation, emplacement and crystallization history of mafic to felsic magma. The suite consists of a group of coeval plutonic and/or hypabyssal rocks, ranging from ultramafic to felsic in composition in which hornblende is the dominant mafic mineral, and typically occurs both as large prismatic phenocrysts and in the finer grained matrix. The suite is also characterized by abundant evidence for mixing and mingling between diverse magma types and variable degrees of contamination by host rock. Field observations corroborate experimental and theoretical studies that the hornblende stability field expands at the expense of olivine and pyroxene with increasing pH2O in the magma. Textures characteristic of appinites are consistent with rapid growth and with experimental evidence for the reduced viscosity of melts allowing efficient migration of ions to the sites of mineral growth. The appinite suite was originally defined in the Paleozoic Caledonide orogen in Scotland, where it occurs as a number of small shallow crustal bodies that were emplaced after the cessation of subduction and in the immediate aftermath of terrane collision and closure of the Iapetus Ocean. The mafic component is thought to have been triggered by asthenospheric upwelling following stab break-off, and magmas produced have both juvenile and sub-continental lithospheric mantle components. Its compositions have affinities with shoshonites. The felsic components include large batholiths that were probably derived by fractional crystallization. Other appinite suites share some, but not all of these characteristics. Appinite suites apparently range in age from Neo-Archean to Recent, and occur at all crustal levels, at depths of up to 40 km. In addition to shoshonites, appinite suites share some similar geochemical features with high-Mg andesites, sanukitoids and adakites. Some common tectonic traits include a tendency to form soon after the cessation of subduction, and the important role of deep crustal faults as conduits for magmas of various compositions to rise towards the surface. These conduits provide the setting for magmas of diverse composition to mix and mingle. Neo-Archean appinites, and their genetic relationship with abundant coeval sanukitoids, have been interpreted as evidence for the existence of some form of plate tectonics at that time. Melting may be triggered by asthenospheric upwelling caused either by slab breakoff (e.g. after terrane or continental collision) or by the generation of a slab window (e.g. where a ridge collides with a subduction zone). Mafic magma may contain a juvenile component, but Nd isotopic data suggest the additional involvement of a sub-continental lithospheric mantle that, in many instances, was previously metasomatized by fluids and magma and was underplated by mafic complexes during subduction. The composition of the mafic magma may vary from one suite to another. In several suites, the mafic magmas have more traditional calc alkalic or tholeiitic affinities and do not share the shoshonitic characteristics of the type area. In addition, in several appinite complexes, felsic magma was formed by crustal anatexis, rather than fractional crystallization.

Murphy, J. Brendan

2013-04-01

476

2DRMP: A suite of two-dimensional R-matrix propagation codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The R-matrix method has proved to be a remarkably stable, robust and efficient technique for solving the close-coupling equations that arise in electron and photon collisions with atoms, ions and molecules. During the last thirty-four years a series of related R-matrix program packages have been published periodically in CPC. These packages are primarily concerned with low-energy scattering where the incident energy is insufficient to ionise the target. In this paper we describe 2DRMP, a suite of two-dimensional R-matrix propagation programs aimed at creating virtual experiments on high performance and grid architectures to enable the study of electron scattering from H-like atoms and ions at intermediate energies. Catalogue identifier: AEEA_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEEA_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 196?717 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 3?819?727 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Fortran 95, MPI Computer: Tested on CRAY XT4 [1]; IBM eServer 575 [2]; Itanium II cluster [3] Operating system: Tested on UNICOS/lc [1]; IBM AIX [2]; Red Hat Linux Enterprise AS [3] Has the code been vectorised or parallelised?: Yes. 16 cores were used for small test run Classification: 2.4 External routines: BLAS, LAPACK, PBLAS, ScaLAPACK Subprograms used: ADAZ_v1_1 Nature of problem: 2DRMP is a suite of programs aimed at creating virtual experiments on high performance architectures to enable the study of electron scattering from H-like atoms and ions at intermediate energies. Solution method: Two-dimensional R-matrix propagation theory. The (r,r) space of the internal region is subdivided into a number of subregions. Local R-matrices are constructed within each subregion and used to propagate a global R-matrix, ?, across the internal region. On the boundary of the internal region ? is transformed onto the IERM target state basis. Thus, the two-dimensional R-matrix propagation technique transforms an intractable problem into a series of tractable problems enabling the internal region to be extended far beyond that which is possible with the standard one-sector codes. A distinctive feature of the method is that both electrons are treated identically and the R-matrix basis states are constructed to allow for both electrons to be in the continuum. The subregion size is flexible and can be adjusted to accommodate the number of cores available. Restrictions: The implementation is currently restricted to electron scattering from H-like atoms and ions. Additional comments: The programs have been designed to operate on serial computers and to exploit the distributed memory parallelism found on tightly coupled high performance clusters and supercomputers. 2DRMP has been systematically and comprehensively documented using ROBODoc [4] which is an API documentation tool that works by extracting specially formatted headers from the program source code and writing them to documentation files. Running time: The wall clock running time for the small test run using 16 cores and performed on [3] is as follows: bp (7 s); rint2 (34 s); newrd (32 s); diag (21 s); amps (11 s); prop (24 s). References:HECToR, CRAY XT4 running UNICOS/lc, http://www.hector.ac.uk/, accessed 22 July, 2009.HPCx, IBM eServer 575 running IBM AIX, http://www.hpcx.ac.uk/, accessed 22 July, 2009.HP Cluster, Itanium II cluster running Red Hat Linux Enterprise AS, Queen s University Belfast, http://www.qub.ac.uk/directorates/InformationServices/Research/HighPerformanceComputing/Services/Hardware/HPResearch/, accessed 22 July, 2009.Automating Software Documentation with ROBODoc, http://www.xs4all.nl/~rfsber/Robo/, accessed 22 July, 2009.

Scott, N. S.; Scott, M. P.; Burke, P. G.; Stitt, T.; Faro-Maza, V.; Denis, C.; Maniopoulou, A.

2009-12-01

477

MARID Suite Minerals in Ejecta Layer from Ewing Crater (Core PLDS-111P) in the Central Equatorial Pacific  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ewing crater is a 150 km diameter impact crater located between the Clarion and Clipperton fracture zones in the central equatorial Pacific about 10 degrees east of the longitude of Hawaii. The crater is early part of the late Miocene in age (7-11 Ma). The typical excavation depth of impact craters is about 1/10th of their diameter. Thus, the Ewing crater should have excavated down to 15 km, well below the oceanic Moho at 6 to 7 km depth. We test the impact origin of the Ewing crater by looking at the composition, morphology, and X-ray diffraction characteristics of minerals in the top part of core PLDS-111P. These minerals appear with abundant impact spherules and microtektites, at least 40 total in a 6-gram sample. We found high Ti amphibole with etching on the ends of the crystals. Etching of crystal terminations is characteristic of placer deposits and impact deposits. High Ti amphibole is characteristic of the MARID suite (Mica (Phlogopite)-Amphibole-Rutile -Ilmenite-Diopside). We have also found phologopitic mica, ilmenite and diopside in our sample. We did not find rutile, but rutile can be absent in the MARID suite. We have also found zircon and apatite, both of which are accessory minerals of the MARID suite. The MARID suite is confined to areas where the mantle has been heavily metasomatized. Previously documented occurrences of the MARID suite are from kimberlites and veins in metasomatized periodotites. Because the oceanic crust beneath the Ewing crater is Eocene (34-55 Ma) in age, kimberlites are unlikely to form. The most likely alternative is that the MARID suite minerals are from mantle that was metasomatized by normal processes of hydrothermal alteration within the oceanic plate. This metasomatized material was brought to the surface by excavation of the suboceanic mantle during the impact of the bolide that formed the Ewing crater. The impact hypothesis is supported by microcraters (10 to15 microns in diameter) found in phlgopite and ilmenite, similar to ones on surfaces of associated microtektites.

Leung, I. S.; Abbott, D. H.

2003-12-01