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1

Cohort Comparisons in Resources and Functioning among Centenarians: Findings from the Georgia Centenarian Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine cohort comparisons in levels of resources (e.g., mental health, physical functioning, economic and social resources, and cognitive functioning) for 211 community-dwelling centenarians (whose Mini-Mental Status Examination score was 23 or higher) of phases I and III of the Georgia Centenarian Study. The…

Cho, Jinmyoung; Martin, Peter; Margrett, Jennifer; MacDonald, Maurice; Poon, Leonard W.; Johnson, Mary Ann

2012-01-01

2

Dietary differences between centenarians residing in communities and in skilled nursing facilities: the Georgia Centenarian Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the dietary habits among centenarians residing in community settings (n=105) and in skilled nursing facilities (n=139). The sample was a population-based multi-ethnic sample of adults aged 98 years and older (N=244) from northern Georgia in the US. Compared to centenarians in skilled nursing facilities, those residing in the community\\u000a were more than

Mary Ann Johnson; Adam Davey; Dorothy B. Hausman; Leonard W. Poon

2006-01-01

3

Life Events and Personality Predicting Loneliness Among Centenarians: Findings From the Georgia Centenarian Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regarding the purpose of this study, the researchers analyzed the roles that both life events (life-time positive events and life-time negative events) and personality (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Trust, Competence, and Ideas) played in participants of the Georgia Centenarian Study. The researchers analyzed these variables to determine whether they predicted loneliness. Analyses indicated that life-time negative events significantly predicted loneliness. In essence,

Bob Hensley; Peter Martin; Jennifer A. Margrett; Maurice MacDonald; Ilene C. Siegler; Leonard W. Poon

2012-01-01

4

Life events and personality predicting loneliness among centenarians: findings from the Georgia Centenarian Study.  

PubMed

Regarding the purpose of this study, the researchers analyzed the roles that both life events (life-time positive events and life-time negative events) and personality (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Trust, Competence, and Ideas) played in participants of the Georgia Centenarian Study. The researchers analyzed these variables to determine whether they predicted loneliness. Analyses indicated that life-time negative events significantly predicted loneliness. In essence, the higher was the number of life-time negative life events, the higher was the loneliness score. Moreover, Neuroticism, Competence, and Ideas were all significant predictors of loneliness. The higher was the level of Neuroticism and intellectual curiosity, the higher was the level of loneliness, whereas the lower was the level of Competence, the higher was the level of loneliness. In addition, both life-time positive and life-time negative life events were significant predictors of Neuroticism. The higher was the number of life-time positive events, the lower was the level of Neuroticism, and the higher was the number of life-time negative events, the greater was the level of Neuroticism. These results indicated that life-time negative events indirectly affect loneliness via Neuroticism. Last, our results indicated that the Competence facet mediated the relationship between lifetime negative life events and loneliness. Life-time negative life events significantly affected centenarians' perceived competence, and Competence in turn significantly affected the centenarians' loneliness. These results as a whole not only add to our understanding of the link between personality and loneliness, but also provide new insight into how life events predict loneliness. PMID:22303619

Hensley, Bob; Martin, Peter; Margrett, Jennifer A; MacDonald, Maurice; Siegler, Ilene C; Poon, Leonard W; Jazwinski, S M; Green, R C; Gearing, M; Woodard, J L; Johnson, M A; Tenover, J S; Rodgers, W L; Hausman, D B; Rott, C; Davey, A; Arnold, J

5

Do Centenarians Show Higher Levels of Depression? Findings from the Georgia Centenarian Study  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Depressive symptoms are often reported to be higher in very old populations when compared to younger age groups. However, it is unclear whether the differences are due to age differences in dysphoria or in other components of depression. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to examine age differences for specific items and subscales of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). DESIGN The current study compared specific items, subscales, and the total score from the GDS among three age groups. SETTING Community-dwelling older adults were tested. PARTICIPANTS One hundred and thirty-nine centenarians were compared to 93 octogenarians and 91 sexagenarians. MEASUREMENTS The GDS (Brink et al., 1982) was used in this study. RESULTS Results indicated age-group differences in the overall depression score and in the withdrawal-apathy-vigor (WAV), mental impairment, and hopelessness subscale scores, as well as on the item level with significant age group differences on 12 of the 30 items. Centenarians rated higher on all subscales, but there was no difference in dysphoria. CONCLUSION It is important to distinguish different dimensions of depression when assessing very old populations because some of the questions on the GDS are associated with fatigue, mild cognitive decline, and decline in physical functioning which increase with aging. Future research should revisit the concept of depression in very late life.

Scheetz, Laura Temple; Martin, Peter; Poon, Leonard W.

2011-01-01

6

The Older They Are, the Less Successful They Become? Findings from the Georgia Centenarian Study  

PubMed Central

This study examined whether oldest-old adults are successful agers. Three hundred and six octogenarians and centenarians of Phase III of the Georgia Centenarian Study participated in this study. A first model examined Rowe and Kahn's successful aging model (Rowe and Khan (1997 and 1998)) including the probability of disease, physical or cognitive capacity, and engagement with life. All three components were applied to assess how many oldest-old adults satisfied all three criteria. The result showed about 15% of octogenarians (15.1%), and none of centenarians satisfied all three components of successful aging. Consequently, a second alternative model focused on psychosocial aspects including three different components: subjective health, perceived economic status, and happiness. Different from Rowe and Kahn's successful aging model, a total of 62.3% of octogenarians and 47.5% of centenarians satisfied all three components of the alternative model of successful aging. The results suggest that additional criteria of successful aging should be considered thereby expanding the concepts and multidimensional aspects of successful aging among oldest-old adults.

Cho, Jinmyoung; Martin, Peter; Poon, Leonard W.

2012-01-01

7

Relationship between serum and brain carotenoids, a-tocopherol and retinol concentrations and cognitive performance in the oldest old from the Georgia Centenarian Study  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Oxidative stress is involved in age-related cognitive decline. The dietary antioxidants, carotenoids, tocopherols and vitamin A may play a role in the prevention or delay in cognitive decline. In this study sera were obtained from 78 octogenarians and 220 centenarians from the Georgia Centenarian St...

8

Prevalence and Predictors of Anemia in a Population-Based Study of Octogenarians and Centenarians in Georgia  

PubMed Central

Background. Anemia has been associated with increased physical and financial costs and occurs more frequently in older individuals. Therefore, the primary objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence and possible predictors of anemia in the very old. Methods. Hemoglobin was used to identify those with anemia in a group of centenarians and near centenarians (98+, n = 185) and octogenarians (n = 69), who were recruited as part of the population-based multidisciplinary Georgia Centenarian Study. Blood markers, including ferritin, vitamin B12, red blood cell folate, methylmalonic acid, creatinine, and C-reactive protein, demographic variables, and medication and/or supplement usage were used to determine possible predictors of anemia. Results. The prevalence of anemia was 26.2% in octogenarians and 52.1% in centenarians. Low serum albumin (<3.6 g/dL) and decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (<45 mL/min/m2) were predictors of anemia in centenarians. Conclusions. Anemia is a major health issue, particularly as people age. Because of the high prevalence of anemia in older individuals, awareness of the predictors associated with anemia becomes increasingly important so as to reduce the negative consequences associated with it and allow for the identification of steps that can be taken to correct anemia, including managing chronic disease.

Haslam, Alyson; Johnson, Mary Ann; Davey, Adam; Poon, Leonard W.; Allen, Robert H.; Stabler, Sally P.

2012-01-01

9

Correspondence of perceptions about centenarians’ mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The goals of this study were to uncover the criteria by which centenarians, proxy\\/caregivers, and interviewers rated centenarians’ mental health. Often proxy and interviewer reports are obtained in studies of the oldest-old and become a primary source of information.Methods: Data were from a population-based sample of mentally competent US centenarians in northern Georgia. The dependent variables were based on

Maurice MacDonald; Peter Martin; Jennifer Margrett; Leonard W. Poon

2009-01-01

10

Body Mass Index Is Associated with Dietary Patterns and Health Conditions in Georgia Centenarians  

PubMed Central

Associations between body mass index (BMI) and dietary patterns and health conditions were explored in a population-based multiethnic sample of centenarians from northern Georgia. BMI ?20 and ?25 was prevalent in 30.9% and 25.3% of study participants, respectively. In a series of logistic regression analyses controlled for gender and place of residence, the probability of having BMI ?25 was increased by being black versus white and having a low citrus fruit, noncitrus fruit, orange/yellow vegetable or total fruit and vegetable intake. The probability of having BMI ?20 was not associated with dietary intake. When controlled for race, gender, residence, and total fruit and vegetable intake, BMI ?25 was an independent risk factor for diabetes or having a systolic blood pressure ?140?mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ?90?mmHg, whereas BMI ?20 was a risk factor for anemia. Given the many potential adverse consequences of under- and overweight, efforts are needed to maintain a healthy weight, even in the oldest old.

Hausman, Dorothy B.; Johnson, Mary Ann; Davey, Adam; Poon, Leonard W.

2011-01-01

11

Exceptional Longevity: An Introduction to the Iowa Centenarian Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objective of the Iowa Centenarian Study is to further our understanding of determinants of exceptional longevity above and beyond health outcomes, particularly in rural environments. This introductory article provides a general overview of the study, its methodology and basic descriptive results. One hundred and fifty-two centenarians

Martin, Peter; Deshpande-Kamat, Neha; Margrett, Jennifer A.; Franke, Warren; Garasky, Steven

2012-01-01

12

Exceptional Longevity: An Introduction to the Iowa Centenarian Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary objective of the Iowa Centenarian Study is to further our understanding of determinants of exceptional longevity above and beyond health outcomes, particularly in rural environments. This introductory article provides a general overview of the study, its methodology and basic descriptive results. One hundred and fifty-two centenarians

Martin, Peter; Deshpande-Kamat, Neha; Margrett, Jennifer A.; Franke, Warren; Garasky, Steven

2012-01-01

13

A cytophotometrical study on the centenarian hepatocyte.  

PubMed

Size alterations, both of cell and nucleus, of the centenarian hepatocyte followed a pattern proportionate to aging which was observed in the hepatocyte of non-centenarian groups and clearly followed nonagenarian in location on the graph. When size alterations of the hepatocyte were considered as an aging parameter, the present observation suggests that the centenarian could be a group next to the nonagenarian. The results obtained by present cytomorphometrical analysis do not favor a hypothesis that the centenarian is a select population in terms of longevity. PMID:6148805

Watanabe, T; Tanaka, Y; Kimula, Y

1984-01-01

14

Vitamin B12 deficiency in African American and white octogenarians and centenarians in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  Test the hypotheses that vitamin B12 deficiency would be prevalent in octogenarians and centenarians and associated with age,\\u000a gender, race\\/ethnicity, living arrangements (community or skilled nursing facility), animal food intake, B-vitamin supplement\\u000a use, atrophic gastritis, folate status, and hematological indicators.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design  Population-based multi-ethnic sample of adults aged 80 to 89 and 98 and above.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting  Northern Georgia in the United States.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants  Men

Mary Ann Johnson; D. B. Hausman; A. Davey; L. W. Poon; R. H. Allen; S. P. Stabler

15

Vitamin B12 deficiency in African American and white octogenarians and centenarians in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  Test the hypotheses that vitamin B12 deficiency would be prevalent in octogenarians and centenarians and associated with age,\\u000a gender, race\\/ethnicity, living arrangements (community or skilled nursing facility), animal food intake, B-vitamin supplement\\u000a use, atrophic gastritis, folate status, and hematological indicators.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design  Population-based multi-ethnic sample of adults aged 80 to 89 and 98 and above.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting  Northern Georgia in the United States.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants  Men

Mary Ann Johnson; D. B. Hausman; A. Davey; L. W. Poon; R. H. Allen; S. P. Stabler

2010-01-01

16

The oldest old: Red blood cell and plasma folate in African American and white octogenarians and centenarians in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To determine the overall folate status of a population-based multi-ethnic sample of octogenarians and centenarians and the\\u000a specific dietary, demographic and physiological factors associated with observed abnormalities.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design  Population-based multiethnic sample of adults aged 80 to 89 and 98 and above.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting  Northern Georgia, USA.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants  Men and women aged 80 to 89 (octogenarians, n = 77) and 98 and older (centenarians, n

Dorothy B. Hausman; M. A. Johnson; A. Davey; J. L. Woodard; L. W. Poon; R. H. Allen; S. P. Stabler

17

Correspondence of perceptions about centenarians' mental health  

PubMed Central

Objectives The goals of this study were to uncover the criteria by which centenarians, proxy/caregivers, and interviewers rated centenarians' mental health. Often proxy and interviewer reports are obtained in studies of the oldest-old and become a primary source of information. Methods Data were from a population-based sample of mentally competent US centenarians in northern Georgia. The dependent variables were based on alternative reports for the centenarians' mental or emotional health. Regression analysis was used to predict each source's rating of mental health separately with the same set of variables. These variables included information obtained from the centenarians and proxies about their distal experiences, demographics, and proximal resources including Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), health, personality, socioeconomic resources, and coping behaviors. Results Examination of mean-level differences between sources revealed similarity across mental health ratings. For centenarians and proxies, perceived economic status was a very important predictor of mental health. For centenarians and interviewers, personality (neuroticism and extraversion) was an important common predictor. The interviewer and proxy mental health ratings were strongly associated with MMSE, but that was not the case for centenarians. Conclusion Mean-level findings and the comparative regression results provide corroborating evidence that centenarians' self-reports of mental health are similar based on average ratings and presence of common associations with other raters (i.e., perceived economic status and personality). Implications of differences across rater pairs are discussed as guidance about the comparative value of substitution of proxies as informants for addressing specific influences on mental health.

MacDonald, Maurice; Martin, Peter; Margrett, Jennifer; Poon, Leonard W.

2010-01-01

18

Genetics of longevity. data from the studies on Sicilian centenarians  

PubMed Central

The demographic and social changes of the past decades have determined improvements in public health and longevity. So, the number of centenarians is increasing as a worldwide phenomenon. Scientists have focused their attention on centenarians as optimal model to address the biological mechanisms of "successful and unsuccessful ageing". They are equipped to reach the extreme limits of human life span and, most importantly, to show relatively good health, being able to perform their routine daily life and to escape fatal age-related diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Thus, particular attention has been centered on their genetic background and immune system. In this review, we report our data gathered for over 10 years in Sicilian centenarians. Based on results obtained, we suggest longevity as the result of an optimal performance of immune system and an over-expression of anti-inflammatory sequence variants of immune/inflammatory genes. However, as well known, genetic, epigenetic, stochastic and environmental factors seem to have a crucial role in ageing and longevity. Epigenetics is associated with ageing, as demonstrated in many studies. In particular, ageing is associated with a global loss of methylation state. Thus, the aim of future studies will be to analyze the weight of epigenetic changes in ageing and longevity.

2012-01-01

19

Engaged Lifestyle, Personality, and Mental Status Among Centenarians  

PubMed Central

This study assessed engaged lifestyle activities (e.g., volunteering, traveling, and public speaking) for centenarians of the Georgia Centenarian Study. A total of 285 centenarians and near-centenarians (i.e., 98 years and older) and their proxy informants participated in this study. The Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) was assessed for all centenarians, and proxy informants reported on lifestyle activities and personality traits of the centenarians. Results suggested that participants who had volunteered, traveled, and those who had given public talks and balanced their checkbooks were more likely to show relatively high mental status scores (i.e., MMSE > 17). Personality traits were found to be moderators in the relationship between engaged lifestyle and mental status: Participants with high levels of Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Openness, and Conscientiousness and with high levels of engaged lifestyle were more likely to show relatively high mental status scores (i.e., MMSE > 17), whereas participants with low levels of Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness and with low levels of engaged lifestyle were more likely to show relatively low mental status scores (i.e., MMSE < 18). The results suggest that engaged lifestyle, particularly in combination with personality traits, plays an important role in the level of cognitive functioning among oldest old adults.

Baenziger, Joan; MacDonald, Maurice; Siegler, Ilene C.; Poon, Leonard W.

2010-01-01

20

The Centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The fraction of people appro aching the maximum human life span is increasing rapidly with the maximum age having expanded\\u000a in roughly 20 years by about 10 years from 112 to 122 years (Robine and Vaupel 2001). This is apparent when one examines the\\u000a increase in the number of centenarians in indus trialized countries. Until about 1950, centenarians were quite

Alvaro Macieira-Coelho

21

Nutrition in centenarians.  

PubMed

The oldest old are among the fastest growing segment of the population and it is important to understand not only the influence of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition on the achievement of exceptional longevity but also the role, if any, of these factors on maintaining optimal cognitive, mental and physical health into advanced age. This review summarizes studies of dietary intake and patterns of long-lived peoples and presents current knowledge of nutritional status of centenarians as determined with nutritionally relevant biomarkers, providing information on comparative levels of the various biomarkers between centenarians and older adult controls and on the prevalence and predictors of nutritional deficiencies in centenarians. The studies indicate that BMI and nutritional status as indicated by circulating levels of antioxidant vitamins, vitamin B12, folate, homocysteine and 25(OH) vitamin D of centenarians are quite heterogeneous and influenced by region of residency and many of the demographic, dietary and lifestyle factors that influence nutritional status in other older adults. While many of the studies have been small, convenience samples of relatively healthy community-dwelling centenarians, a few have population-based or included participants of varying cognitive functioning. These and future studies examining associations between nutritional status and cognitive, mental and physical function should be instrumental in determining the role of nutrition in promoting longevity and improving the quality of life in these exceptional survivors. PMID:21276673

Hausman, Dorothy B; Fischer, Joan G; Johnson, Mary Ann

2011-01-26

22

Life conditions of Sicilian centenarians.  

PubMed

Aim of the study was at furnishing a description of the socio-economic reality of Sicilian centenarians. Informations were taken from the records of Italian Multicentric Study on Centenarians. Randomly selected 28 centenarians (8 males, 20 females), in the age range 100-108 years from Eastern Sicily were examined. The following average socioeconomic profile of the centenarians was established: they are widows or widowers with 4 children; have primary education, mediocre socioeconomic conditions, have worked in the fields or had been housewives; their hobbies were before gardening or embroidering and sewing and now is watching TV; they live in their own salubrious 4 roomed house in small center in the hills. These observations reveal that the social and intellectual quality of life is better in cases of centenarian subjects living at home, in their family environment, surrounded by their children and grandchildren as they receive greater affection and physical care than those living in old peoples' homes. PMID:18653069

Receputo, G; Rapisarda, R; Mazzoleni, G; Fornaro, D; Tomasello, F B; Di Stefano, S; Savia, S; Cilmi, V; Malacuarnera, M

1996-01-01

23

Age Differences and Changes in Resources Essential to Aging Well: A Comparison of Sexagenarians, Octogenarians, and Centenarians  

PubMed Central

This study examined change over time in five resources assessed by the Duke OARS Multidisciplinary Functional Assessment Questionnaire: social, economic, mental, physical, and functional resources. Two hundred and one participants in the Georgia Centenarian Study provided data for this longitudinal study: 70 sexagenarians, 63 octogenarians, and 68 centenarians. Those in their 60s and 80s were followed up within 60 months; due to mortality attrition, centenarians were followed up within 20 months. Centenarians experienced the lowest levels of resources relative to those in their 80s and 60s. Over time they primarily experienced loss in activities of daily living, highlighting that the ability to maximize gains and mitigate losses over time for older adults is highly associated with various resources essential to well-being. Findings suggest that older adults'—especially the very old—resources should be concurrently assessed in a multidimensional analysis by researchers and practitioners who work with older adults in various settings.

Randall, G. Kevin; Martin, Peter; Bishop, Alex J.; Poon, Leonard W.; Johnson, Mary Ann

2011-01-01

24

Genetic determinants of exceptional human longevity: insights from the Okinawa Centenarian Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Centenarians represent a rare phenotype appearing in roughly 10–20 per 100,000 persons in most industrialized countries but\\u000a as high as 40–50 per 100,000 persons in Okinawa, Japan. Siblings of centenarians in Okinawa have been found to have cumulative\\u000a survival advantages such that female centenarian siblings have a 2.58-fold likelihood and male siblings a 5.43-fold likelihood\\u000a (versus their birth cohorts) of

D. Craig Willcox; Bradley J. Willcox; Wen-Chi Hsueh; Makoto Suzuki

2006-01-01

25

Understanding Dementia Prevalence Among Centenarians  

PubMed Central

The goals of this article are to (a) establish the concurrent and clinical validity of the Global Deterioration scale in assessing cognitive functions and stages of dementia among centenarians, (b) identify the prevalence of all-cause dementia in representative samples of centenarians, and (c) demonstrate how variations in sample demographic characteristics could significantly affect estimates of dementia prevalence. A quarter of the 244 centenarians in a population-based sample had no objective evidence of memory deficits. Another quarter showed signs of transient confusion, and about half showed classical behavioral signs of dementia with about 15% in each of Global Deterioration scale stages 4–6 and about 5% in the most severe stage 7. Variations in age, gender, race, residence status, and education of the study sample as well as criteria used for dementia rating were found to affect prevalence.

Woodard, John L.; Stephen Miller, L.; Green, Robert; Gearing, Marla; Davey, Adam; Arnold, Jonathan; Martin, Peter; Siegler, Ilene C.; Nahapetyan, Lusine; Kim, Young Sek; Markesbery, William

2012-01-01

26

How Well Can Centenarians Hear?  

PubMed Central

With advancements in modern medicine and significant improvements in life conditions in the past four decades, the elderly population is rapidly expanding. There is a growing number of those aged 100 years and older. While many changes in the human body occur with physiological aging, as many as 35% to 50% of the population aged 65 to 75 years have presbycusis. Presbycusis is a progressive sensorineural hearing loss that occurs as people get older. There are many studies of the prevalence of age-related hearing loss in the United States, Europe, and Asia. However, no audiological assessment of the population aged 100 years and older has been done. Therefore, it is not clear how well centenarians can hear. We measured middle ear impedance, pure-tone behavioral thresholds, and distortion-product otoacoustic emission from 74 centenarians living in the city of Shaoxing, China, to evaluate their middle and inner ear functions. We show that most centenarian listeners had an “As” type tympanogram, suggesting reduced static compliance of the tympanic membrane. Hearing threshold tests using pure-tone audiometry show that all centenarian subjects had varying degrees of hearing loss. More than 90% suffered from moderate to severe (41 to 80 dB) hearing loss below 2,000 Hz, and profound (>81 dB) hearing loss at 4,000 and 8,000 Hz. Otoacoustic emission, which is generated by the active process of cochlear outer hair cells, was undetectable in the majority of listeners. Our study shows the extent and severity of hearing loss in the centenarian population and represents the first audiological assessment of their middle and inner ear functions.

Mao, Zhongping; Zhao, Lijun; Pu, Lichun; Wang, Mingxiao; Zhang, Qian; He, David Z. Z.

2013-01-01

27

Ingredients of an Old and Healthy LifeA Centenarian Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This phenomenological study elicited centenarians' meanings of longevity and their perceptions of any common biological or psychosocial factors that they attributed to health and functioning. Twelve centenarians, ages 100 to 109, were interviewed. Common themes in their lived experiences included the meaning of long life, views of health, relationships with others, affirmation of worth, reasons for longevity, and God. Centenarians

Mary Ann Pascucci; Gay L. Loving

1997-01-01

28

Exploring Positive and Negative Affect as Key Indicators of Life Satisfaction among Centenarians: Does Cognitive Performance Matter?  

PubMed Central

The aim of this investigation was to determine how cognitive performance was associated with positive and negative affect and life satisfaction over time. This study involved a secondary longitudinal analysis of cross-section data collected at Phase I (1988–1992) and during an 18-month longitudinal followup at Phase II (1992–1998) of the Georgia Centenarian Study. Participants included N = 137 centenarians at Time 1 and N = 68 survivors at Time 2. Significant stability in cognitive impairment existed at Time 1 and Time 2 for positive (? = .55, P < .01) and negative affect (? = .54, P < .01) models. Negative affect at Time 1 was associated with lower life satisfaction at Time 1 (? = ?.42, P < .01 ). In addition, cognitive impairment at Time 2 was associated with decreased positive emotionality at Time 2 (? = ?.39, P > .01). Furthermore, greater positive affect at Time 2 was associated with greater satisfaction with life at Time 2 (? = .35, P < .01). It appears that positive emotionality contemporaneously influences the association between cognitive impairment and life satisfaction among centenarians. Implications relative to improving life satisfaction among centenarians are discussed.

Bishop, Alex J.; Martin, Peter; Poon, Leonard; Johnson, Mary Ann

2011-01-01

29

Gender differences in Greek centenarians. A cross-sectional nation-wide study, examining multiple socio-demographic and personality factors and health locus of control  

PubMed Central

Background Centenarians are exceptional ageing paradigms, offering valuable information on achieving longevity. Although, there are several studies examining different biomedical factors as determinants of longevity in centenarians, little is known about gender differences with respect to personality traits and health locus of control. Methods Nation -wide study carried out in Greece, between 2007 and 2010. Our final sample of analysis consisted of 400 centenarians who reported on sociodemographic, disease-related and personality factors and health locus of control (HLC). Gender differences were investigated by simple nonparametric comparisons. Bivariate correlations between personality factors and internal and external HLC were obtained. Results Women centenarians outnumbered men by a ratio of 1.68 to 1. Significant gender sociodemographic differences were noted, with men reporting less often widowhood, more often centenarian 1st degree relatives and smoking. Higher BMI score was measured in males than females. Concerning personality variables, females were more reward-dependent and adaptable than men, while men were more optimistic than women. No differences were found on health locus of control profile between the genders. Positive correlations between self-directness and spirituality with internal locus of control in men and negative correlations between optimism and external locus of control in women emerged as the main gender disparities in the correlation analyses. Self-directness in men and optimism in women were consistently correlated with the two HLC subscales. Conclusions Gender differences should be incorporated in future basic research and epidemiological studies of longevity. Informed policies on ageing and wellbeing programs should also take into account gender issues to increase efficacy by targeting health locus of control.

2011-01-01

30

Regression-Based Estimates of Observed Functional Status in Centenarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose of the Study: There is lack of consensus on the best method of functional assessment, and there is a paucity of studies on daily functioning in centenarians. We sought to compare associations between performance-based, self-report, and proxy report of functional status in centenarians. We expected the strongest relationships between proxy…

Mitchell, Meghan B.; Miller, L. Stephen; Woodard, John L.; Davey, Adam; Martin, Peter; Burgess, Molly; Poon, Leonard W.

2011-01-01

31

Laboratory parameters in centenarians of Italian ancestry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies aimed at collecting reference parameters for haematochemical analysis in the elderly are scarce and for the oldest old subjects even more rare. In order to establish the reference values for the most common laboratory text in long living individuals, we measured haematochemical parameters in >100 years old subjects and in aged subjects as control. Six hundred and two centenarians

D. Lio; M. Malaguarnera; D. Maugeri; L. Ferlito; E. Bennati; L. Scola; M. Motta; C. Caruso

2008-01-01

32

"Positive biology": the centenarian lesson  

PubMed Central

The extraordinary increase of the elderly in developed countries underscore the importance of studies on ageing and longevity and the need for the prompt spread of knowledge about ageing in order to satisfactorily decrease the medical, economic and social problems associated to advancing years, because of the increased number of individuals not autonomous and affected by invalidating pathologies. Centenarians are equipped to reach the extreme limits of human life span and, most importantly, to show relatively good health, being able to perform their routine daily life and to escape fatal age-related diseases. Thus, they are the best example of extreme longevity, representing selected people in which the appearance of major age-related diseases, such as cancer, and cardiovascular diseases among others, has been consistently delayed or escaped. To discuss the relevance of genetics and life style in the attainment of longevity, five papers mostly focused on Italian centenarians have been assembled in this series. The aim is to realize, through a” positive biology” approach (rather than making diseases the central focus of research, “positive biology” seeks to understand the causes of positive phenotypes, trying to explain the biological mechanisms of health and well-being) how to prevent and/or reduce elderly frailty and disability.

2012-01-01

33

Cohort Changes in Cognitive Function among Danish Centenarians  

PubMed Central

Background/Aim The objective was to examine cohort changes in cognitive function in 2 cohorts of centenarians born 10 years apart. Methods The Longitudinal Study of Danish Centenarians comprises all Danes reaching the age of 100 in the period April 1, 1995 through May 31, 1996. A total of 207 out of 276 persons participated (75%). The Danish 1905 Cohort Survey includes all individuals born in 1905. In total, 225 out of 364 persons who reached the age of 100 in the cohort participated in the most recent 2005 follow-up (62%). In both cohorts, cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination. Results There were no significant differences in cognitive score between the two centenarian birth cohorts. However, modest tendencies were seen towards better cognitive functioning for the centenarians in the 1905 cohort living at home compared to the home-dwelling ones in the 1895 cohort and worse cognitive performance for the centenarians in the 1905 group living in nursing homes compared to the nursing home dwellers in the 1895 cohort. Conclusion The increasing number of centenarians may not entail larger proportions of cognitively impaired individuals in this extreme age group.

Engberg, Henriette; Christensen, Kaare; Andersen-Ranberg, Karen; Jeune, Bernard

2009-01-01

34

Adaptation in Very Old Age: Exploring the Role of Resources, Beliefs, and Attitudes for Centenarians’ Happiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

When individuals reach very old age, accumulating negative conditions represent a serious challenge to their capacity to adapt and are likely to reduce the quality of life. By examining happiness and its determinants in centenarians, this study investigated the proposal that psychological resilience may come to an end in extremely old age. Data from the population-based Heidelberg Centenarian Study indicated

Daniela Jopp; Rott Christoph

2006-01-01

35

Centenarians: 2010. 2010 Census Special Reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Centenarians, or people aged 100 or older, are both rare and distinct from the rest of the older population. This report provides an updated portrait of the centenarian population based on age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, and living arrangements informati...

J. Meyer

2012-01-01

36

Numerical Studies of the Georgia Coast Sea Breeze.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study presents a numerical examination of the land and sea breeze system (LSBS) that develops in the Wassaw Sound, located southeast of Savannah, Georgia and site of the 1996 Summer Olympic Games sailing competition. The project used the Pennsylvania...

D. A. Tunney

1996-01-01

37

Decreased frequency of apolipoprotein E ?4 allele from Northern to Southern Europe in Alzheimer's disease patients and centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apolipoprotein E (apoE) polymorphism was studied in 79 sporadic late onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) patients, 125 unrelated caregivers or volunteers (19–80 years), and 67 centenarians from Apulia, Southern Italy. The frequency of apoE ?2 allele was higher in centenarians than in LOAD patients, while ?4 was lower. In middle-aged adults, the ?4 allele frequency was higher than in centenarians. The

Francesco Panza; Vincenzo Solfrizzi; Francesco Torres; Franco Mastroianni; Angelo Del Parigi; Anna Maria Colacicco; Anna Maria Basile; Cristiano Capurso; Riccardo Noya; Antonio Capurso

1999-01-01

38

[How often and how much have Polish centenarians smoked?].  

PubMed

The data concerning tobacco smoking in the elderly subjects in Poland are spare and in case of the oldest individuals even unavailable. The aim of the study was to characterize it in polish centenarians. The study is the part of the multicenter centenarian program (PolStu 2001) coordinated by the International Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology in Warsaw. In this paper we analyzed the information concerning tobacco smoking. In case of the answer YES for the question about smoking, the number of cigarettes smoked during whole life was calculated and expressed in pack-years (1 pack-year = smoking 20 cigarettes daily during 1 year). Among 336 analyzed centenarians 31 declared to have active exposure to tobacco. Men have declared to be smokers much more often than women (21 men 44.7% of all analyzed men and 10 women--3.5% of all women, p < 0.0001). During our analysis only 4 centenarians were still smokers, more often men tahn women (3 men--6.4% and 1 woman--0.3%, p < 0.005). The mean number of pack-years was 28.4 +/- 19.8 (median: 26.0; range: 1.0-90.0) per smoker. The mean number of pack-years was statistically higher in men than in women (33.8 +/- 18.0, median: 30.0, range 8.0-90.0 vs. 16.6 +/- 20.5, median: 10.5, range 1.0-63.0, p < 0.02). In conclusion, tobacco smoking in analyzed centenarians is rare phenomenon. However, almost one of ten centenarians declared to be smoker in the past. Tobacco smoking in our study was gender dependent--almost one of two men declared to be smoker in the past. PMID:17288229

Mossakowska, Ma?gorzata; Broczek, Katarzyna; Rajska-Neumann, Agnieszka; Wieczorowska-Tobis, Katarzyna

2006-01-01

39

Low circulating IGF-I bioactivity is associated with human longevity: Findings in centenarians' offspring  

PubMed Central

Centenarians’ offspring represent a suitable model to study age-dependent variables (e.g. IGF-I) potentially involved in the modulation of the lifespan. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the IGF-I in human longevity. We evaluated circulating IGF-I bioactivity measured by an innovative IGF-I Kinase Receptor Activation (KIRA) Assay, total IGF-I, IGFBP-3, total IGF-II, insulin, glucose, HOMA2-B% and HOMA2-S% in 192 centenarians’ offspring and 80 offspring-controls of which both parents died relatively young. Both groups were well-matched for age, gender and BMI with the centenarians’ offspring. IGF-I bioactivity (p<0.01), total IGF-I (p<0.01) and the IGF-I/IGFBP-3 molar ratio (p<0.001) were significantly lower in centenarians’ offspring compared to offspring matched-controls. Serum insulin, glucose, HOMA2-B% and HOMA2-S% values were similar between both groups. In centenarians’ offspring IGF-I bioactivity was inversely associated to insulin sensitivity. In conclusion: 1) centenarians’ offspring had relatively lower circulating IGF-I bioactivity compared to offspring matched-controls; 2) IGF-I bioactivity in centenarians’ offspring was inversely related to insulin sensitivity. These data support a role of the IGF-I/insulin system in the modulation of human aging process.

Vitale, Giovanni; Brugts, Michael P; Ogliari, Giulia; Castaldi, Davide; Fatti, Letizia M.; Varewijck, Aimee J.; Lamberts, Steven W.; Monti, Daniela; Bucci, Laura; Cevenini, Elisa; Cavagnini, Francesco; Franceschi, Claudio; Hofland, Leo J; Mari, Daniela; Janssen, Joseph A.M.J.L.

2012-01-01

40

Mortality in centenarians with hip fractures.  

PubMed

The proximal femur is one of the primary areas of weakness in the skeleton due to osteoporosis. With more than 50,000 Americans aged at least 100 years, an increasing number of these extremely elderly patients will present with hip fractures. A paucity of literature exists on functional outcomes and mortality rates in the centenarian population who sustain hip fractures. This study evaluated the mortality rate in centenarians who sustained hip fractures to determine whether operative intervention is safe and appropriate.The authors retrospectively reviewed 23 patients (22 women and 1 man) aged at least 100 years with hip fractures treated at their institution between 2003 and 2010. Twenty-one patients were treated operatively and 2 were treated nonoperatively. Mean Charlson comorbidity index was 2 (range, 0 to 5). The patients' medical charts or the Social Security Death Index was used to determine their dates of death. Average patient age was 101.9 years at injury and 102.8 years at death. Cumulative in-hospital, 30- and 90-day, 6- and 12-month, and 2-, 3-, and 6-year mortality rates for operatively treated patients were 15%, 20%, 30%, 45%, 60%, 70%, 90%, and 95%, respectively. Both patients treated nonoperatively died within 90 days. One patient is still alive 6 years postoperatively. Postoperative complications occurred in 9 (43%) patients.Although this patient population is a relatively small subset of the elderly population, the number of these patients is rapidly increasing. Operating on patients older than 100 years carries an acceptable mortality rate. Age alone should not preclude centenarians from undergoing operative treatment for hip fractures. PMID:23464947

Tarity, T David; Smith, Eric B; Dolan, Kyle; Rasouli, Mohammed R; Maltenfort, Mitchell G

2013-03-01

41

The immunology of exceptional individuals: the lesson of centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Centenarians are the best example of successful ageing, since they have escaped the major age-associated diseases, and most are in good mental and physical condition. Here, Claudio Franceschi and colleagues discuss how the study of their immune systems reveals that several immune parameters are well conserved, suggesting that a complex remodelling of most immune parameters occurs with age, rather than

Claudio Franceschi; Daniela Monti; Paolo Sansoni; Andrea Cossarizza

1995-01-01

42

L-Carnitine treatment reduces severity of physical and mental fatigue and increases cognitive functions in centenarians: a randomized and controlled clinical trial1-3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Centenarians are characterized by weakness, decreasing mental health, impaired mobility, and poor endurance. L-Carnitine is an important contributor to cellular energy metabolism. Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy of L-carnitine on phys- ical and mental fatigue and on cognitive functions of centenarians. Design: This was a placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, 2-phase study. Sixty-six centenarians with onset of fatigue after even

Mariano Malaguarnera; Lisa Cammalleri; Maria Pia Gargante; Marco Vacante; Valentina Colonna; Massimo Motta

43

Integrated Mined-Area Reclamation and Land-Use Planning. Volume 3C. A Case Study of Surface Mining and Reclamation Planning: Georgia Kaolin Company Clay Mines, Washington County, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This case study examines the reclamation practices of the Georgia Kaolin's American Industrial Clay Company Division, a kaolin producer centered in Twiggs, Washington, and Wilkinson Counties, Georgia. The State of Georgia accounts for more than one-fourth...

J. L. Guernsey L. A. Brown A. O. Perry

1978-01-01

44

Positive attitude towards life and emotional expression as personality phenotypes for centenarians.  

PubMed

Centenarians have been reported to share particular personality traits including low neuroticism and high extraversion and conscientiousness. Since these traits have moderate to high heritability and are associated with various health outcomes, personality appears linked to bio-genetic mechanisms which may contribute to exceptional longevity. Therefore, the present study sought to detect genetically-based personality phenotypes in a genetically homogeneous sample of centenarians through developing and examining psychometric properties of a brief measure of the personality of centenarians, the Personality Outlook Profile Scale (POPS). The results generated two personality characteristics/domains, Positive Attitude Towards Life (PATL: optimism, easygoing, laughter, and introversion/outgoing) and Emotional Expression (EE: expressing emotions openly and not bottling up emotions). These domains demonstrated acceptable concurrent validity with two established personality measures, the NEO-Five Factor Inventory and Life Orientation Test-Revised. Additionally, centenarians in both groups had lower neuroticism and higher conscientiousness than the US adult population. Findings suggest that the POPS is a psychometrically sound measure of personality in centenarians and capture personality aspects of extraversion, neuroticism, and conscientiousness, as well as dispositional optimism which may contribute to successful aging. PMID:22626632

Kato, Kaori; Zweig, Richard; Barzilai, Nir; Atzmon, Gil

2012-05-01

45

An empirical case study of a child sexual abuse prevention initiative in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This empirical case study describes Prevent Child Abuse Georgia’s effort to prevent child sexual abuse (CSA) by educating communities throughout the state on supporting preventive behaviour. The initiative consisted of three major components: (1) dissemination of CSA prevention messages and materials; (2) a statewide helpline that helped callers respond to the warning signs of CSA and engage in protective

Daniel J Schober; Stephen B. Fawcett; Sally Thigpen; Anna Curtis; Renee Wright

2012-01-01

46

Nonagenarians and centenarians in Switzerland, 1860-2001: a demographic analysis  

PubMed Central

Study objective: To explore the rapid rise of the extremely old population, showing the magnitude of the increase and indentifying demographic mechanisms underlying this increase. Design: Demographic analysis using census data, yearly population estimates, and mortality statistics. Setting: Switzerland 1860–2001. Main results: Indicators suggest a strong increase in the number of nonagenarians and centenarians in Switzerland as compared with other countries. The increase is mostly attributable to the decline in mortality after age 80. This decline started in the 1950s. Conclusion: Nonagenarians and centenarians constitute a new population, which became sizeable after 1950 in Switzerland. There is a need to monitor this population with appropriate demographic and epidemiological indicators.

Robine, J.; Paccaud, F.

2005-01-01

47

Ground-water conditions and studies in Georgia, 2001  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collects ground-water data and conducts studies to monitor hydrologic conditions, to better define ground-water resources, and address problems related to water supply and water quality. Data collected as part of ground-water studies include geologic, geophysical, hydraulic property, water level, and water quality. A ground-water-level network has been established throughout most of the State of Georgia, and ground-water-quality networks have been established in the cities of Albany, Savannah, and Brunswick and in Camden County, Georgia. Ground-water levels are monitored continuously in a network of wells completed in major aquifers of the State. This network includes 17 wells in the surficial aquifer, 12 wells in the upper and lower Brunswick aquifers, 73 wells in the Upper Floridan aquifer, 10 wells in the Lower Floridan aquifer and underlying units, 12 wells in the Claiborne aquifer, 1 well in the Gordon aquifer, 11 wells in the Clayton aquifer, 11 wells in the Cretaceous aquifer system, 2 wells in Paleozoic-rock aquifers, and 7 wells in crystalline-rock aquifers. In this report, data from these 156 wells were evaluated to determine whether mean-annual ground-water levels were within, below, or above the normal range during 2001, based on summary statistics for the period of record. Information from these summaries indicates that water levels during 2001 were below normal in almost all aquifers monitored, largely reflecting climatic effects from drought and pumping. In addition, water-level hydrographs for selected wells indicate that water levels have declined during the past 5 years (since 1997) in almost all aquifers monitored, with water levels in some wells falling below historical lows. In addition to continuous water-level data, periodic measurements taken in 52 wells in the Camden County-Charlton County area, and 65 wells in the city of Albany-Dougherty County area were used to construct potentiometric-surface maps for the Upper Floridan aquifer. Ground-water quality in the Upper Floridan aquifer is monitored in the cities of Albany, Savannah, and Brunswick and in Camden County; and monitored in the Lower Floridan aquifer in the Savannah and Brunswick areas. In the Albany area since 1998, nitrate concentrations in the Upper Floridan aquifer have increased in 4 of the 11 wells monitored, and in 1 well, concentrations were above the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) 10 milligrams per liter (mg/L) drinking-water standard. In the Savannah area, chloride concentration in water from four wells in the Upper Floridan aquifer showed no appreciable change during 2001, remaining within the USEPA 250 mg/L drinking-water standard; in seven wells completed in the Lower Floridan aquifer and in underlying zones, the chloride concentration remained above the drinking-water standard, with one well showing an increase over previous years. In the Brunswick area, water samples from 66 wells completed in the Upper or Lower Floridan aquifers were collected during June 2001 and analyzed for chloride. A map showing chloride concentrations in the Upper Floridan aquifer during June 2001 indicates that concentrations remained above USEPA drinking-water standards across a 2-square-mile area. In the north Brunswick area, chloride concentrations in the Upper Floridan aquifer continued to increase, whereas in the south Brunswick area, concentrations continued to decrease. In the Camden County area, chloride concentrations in six wells completed in the Upper Floridan aquifer remained within drinking-water standards. With the exception of one well, concentrations remained the same and were below 40 mg/L. In one well, concentrations showed a sharp decline during 2001, but remained above 130 mg/L. Ongoing studies during 2001 include evaluation of agricultural chemicals in shallow ground water in southwestern Georgia; evaluation of saltwater intrusion and water-level and water-quality m

Leeth, David C.; Clarke, John S.; Craigg, Steven D.; Wipperfurth, Caryl J.

2003-01-01

48

Understanding Perceptions of Economic Status among Centenarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Centenarians are often concerned with outliving their accumulated resources. Yet, research consistently finds that older adults, despite low incomes, are more financially satisfied than younger adults. This "satisfaction paradox" has been attributed to psychological accommodation to poor financial circumstances and lower expectations. As a…

Garasky, Steven; Martin, Peter; Margrett, Jennifer A.; Cho, Jinmyoung

2012-01-01

49

Beyond Life Expectancy: Social Work with Centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the older population as a whole is increas- ing faster than any other age group, the most dramatic growth is in the oldest old. Centenarians, those individuals who have survived 100 or more years, have increased ten times in size over the past forty years. This population trajectory is expected to accelerate even more into the next century. Unfomately,

Nancy P. Kropf; Katherine L. Pugh

1995-01-01

50

Mt. Gilead Cemetery Study: An Example of Biocultural Analysis from Western Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An unmarked historic cemetery was discovered at Fort Benning, Georgia, during the construction of the Carmouche Range. Archeologists, physical anthropologists, historians, and an analytical chemist studied the cemetery and the skeletal remains in order to...

W. D. Wood K. R. Burns S. R. Lee

1986-01-01

51

Energy conserving site design case study: Shenandoah, Georgia. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The case study examines the means by which energy conservation can be achieved at an aggregate community level by using proper planning and analytical techniques for a new town, Shenandoah, Georgia, located twenty-five miles southwest of Atlanta's Hartsfield International Airport. A potentially implementable energy conservation community plan is achieved by a study team examining the land use options, siting characteristics of each building type, alternate infrastructure plans, possible decentralized energy options, and central utility schemes to determine how community energy conservation can be achieved by use of pre-construction planning. The concept for the development of mixed land uses as a passively sited, energy conserving community is based on a plan (Level 1 Plan) that uses the natural site characteristics, maximizes on passive energy siting requirement, and allows flexibility for the changing needs of the developers. The Level 2 Plan is identical with Level 1 plan plus a series of decentraized systems that have been added to the residential units: the single-family detached, the apartments, and the townhouses. Level 3 Plan is similar to the Level 1 Plan except that higher density dwellings have been moved to areas adjacent to central site. The total energy savings for each plan relative to the conventional plan are indicated. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-01-01

52

Role of epigenetics in human aging and longevity: genome-wide DNA methylation profile in centenarians and centenarians' offspring.  

PubMed

The role of epigenetics in the modulation of longevity has not been studied in humans. To this aim, (1) we evaluated the DNA methylation from peripheral leukocytes of 21 female centenarians, their 21 female offspring, 21 offspring of both non-long-lived parents, and 21 young women through ELISA assay, pyrosequencing analysis of Alu sequences, and quantification of methylation in CpG repeats outside CpG islands; (2) we compared the DNA methylation profiles of these populations through Infinium array for genome-wide CpG methylation analysis. We observed an age-related decrease in global DNA methylation and a delay of this process in centenarians' offspring. Interestingly, literature data suggest a link between the loss of DNA methylation observed during aging and the development of age-associated diseases. Genome-wide methylation analysis evidenced DNA methylation profiles specific for aging and longevity: (1) aging-associated DNA hypermethylation occurs predominantly in genes involved in the development of anatomical structures, organs, and multicellular organisms and in the regulation of transcription; (2) genes involved in nucleotide biosynthesis, metabolism, and control of signal transmission are differently methylated between centenarians' offspring and offspring of both non-long-lived parents, hypothesizing a role for these genes in human longevity. Our results suggest that a better preservation of DNA methylation status, a slower cell growing/metabolism, and a better control in signal transmission through epigenetic mechanisms may be involved in the process of human longevity. These data fit well with the observations related to the beneficial effects of mild hypothyroidism and insulin-like growth factor I system impairment on the modulation of human lifespan. PMID:22923132

Gentilini, Davide; Mari, Daniela; Castaldi, Davide; Remondini, Daniel; Ogliari, Giulia; Ostan, Rita; Bucci, Laura; Sirchia, Silvia M; Tabano, Silvia; Cavagnini, Francesco; Monti, Daniela; Franceschi, Claudio; Di Blasio, Anna Maria; Vitale, Giovanni

2012-08-25

53

Psychosocial Dimensions of Exceptional Longevity: A Qualitative Exploration of Centenarians' Experiences, Personality, and Life Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study provides a comprehensive account of the social and life experiences and strategies and personality attributes that characterize exceptional longevity (living to 100 or over). It is based on nine semi-structured interviews of relatively healthy and functional Greek centenarians of both sexes. The analytic approach was…

Darviri, Christina; Demakakos, Panayotes; Tigani, Xanthi; Charizani, Fotini; Tsiou, Chrysoula; Tsagkari, Christina; Chliaoutakis, Joannes; Monos, Dimitrios

2009-01-01

54

Handgrip Strength, Positive Affect, and Perceived Health Are Prospectively Associated with Fewer Functional Limitations among Centenarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study assessed the association between perceived health, fatigue, positive and negative affect, handgrip strength, objectively measured physical activity, body mass index, and self-reported functional limitations, assessed 6 months later, among 11 centenarians (age = 102 plus or minus 1). Activities of daily living, assessed 6 months prior…

Franke, Warren D.; Margrett, Jennifer A.; Heinz, Melinda; Martin, Peter

2012-01-01

55

Periodontal status among adolescents in Georgia. A pathfinder study  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The aim of the present pathfinder study was to screen and map the periodontal status of Georgian population in accordance with the guidelines of the World Health Organization for population based surveys. Methods. During 2012, a pathfinder study was conducted to collect this data. For the periodontal portion of the study, 15-year-old school children were examined in the capital city of Tbilisi as well as in two other large cities and 4 smaller villages. All participants were examined by a trained dental team in a classroom using a dental mirror and a periodontal probe. Periodontal examination included plaque scores, calculus scores, probing depth measurements and bleeding on probing. These measurements were recorded for the Ramfjord index teeth. Results. A total of 397 15-year-old participants were examined in this pathfinder study. There were 240 females (60.45%) and 157 males (39.55%). Of the total participants 196 (49.37%) were urban adolescents while 201 (50.63%) were from rural communities. Mean probing depth was 3.34 ± 0.57 mm with a range of 1 to 10 mm; a relatively high proportion (34.26%) of these subjects presented with at least one site with pockets of 5 mm or deeper. Males presented with greater plaque, calculus and probing depths than females. When urban and rural populations were compared, urban participants presented with more plaque, probing depths and bleeding on probing. Greater pocket depths were found to be related to the presence of plaque calculus and bleeding on probing. Conclusions. Overall, rather high incidences of periodontal pockets ? 5 mm were detected in this population. This data should serve to prepare further more detailed epidemiological studies that will serve to plan and implement prevent and treat strategies for periodontal diseases in Georgia and also help make manpower decisions.

Margvelashvili, Vladimer; Bilder, Leon; Kalandadze, Manana; Tsintsadze, Nino; Machtei, Eli E.

2013-01-01

56

Periodontal status among adolescents in Georgia. A pathfinder study.  

PubMed

Objectives. The aim of the present pathfinder study was to screen and map the periodontal status of Georgian population in accordance with the guidelines of the World Health Organization for population based surveys. Methods. During 2012, a pathfinder study was conducted to collect this data. For the periodontal portion of the study, 15-year-old school children were examined in the capital city of Tbilisi as well as in two other large cities and 4 smaller villages. All participants were examined by a trained dental team in a classroom using a dental mirror and a periodontal probe. Periodontal examination included plaque scores, calculus scores, probing depth measurements and bleeding on probing. These measurements were recorded for the Ramfjord index teeth. Results. A total of 397 15-year-old participants were examined in this pathfinder study. There were 240 females (60.45%) and 157 males (39.55%). Of the total participants 196 (49.37%) were urban adolescents while 201 (50.63%) were from rural communities. Mean probing depth was 3.34 ± 0.57 mm with a range of 1 to 10 mm; a relatively high proportion (34.26%) of these subjects presented with at least one site with pockets of 5 mm or deeper. Males presented with greater plaque, calculus and probing depths than females. When urban and rural populations were compared, urban participants presented with more plaque, probing depths and bleeding on probing. Greater pocket depths were found to be related to the presence of plaque calculus and bleeding on probing. Conclusions. Overall, rather high incidences of periodontal pockets ? 5 mm were detected in this population. This data should serve to prepare further more detailed epidemiological studies that will serve to plan and implement prevent and treat strategies for periodontal diseases in Georgia and also help make manpower decisions. PMID:24109543

Levin, Liran; Margvelashvili, Vladimer; Bilder, Leon; Kalandadze, Manana; Tsintsadze, Nino; Machtei, Eli E

2013-09-17

57

Functionally significant insulin-like growth factor I receptor mutations in centenarians  

PubMed Central

Rather than being a passive, haphazard process of wear and tear, lifespan can be modulated actively by components of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor I (IGFI) pathway in laboratory animals. Complete or partial loss-of-function mutations in genes encoding components of the insulin/IGFI pathway result in extension of life span in yeasts, worms, flies, and mice. This remarkable conservation throughout evolution suggests that altered signaling in this pathway may also influence human lifespan. On the other hand, evolutionary tradeoffs predict that the laboratory findings may not be relevant to human populations, because of the high fitness cost during early life. Here, we studied the biochemical, phenotypic, and genetic variations in a cohort of Ashkenazi Jewish centenarians, their offspring, and offspring-matched controls and demonstrated a gender-specific increase in serum IGFI associated with a smaller stature in female offspring of centenarians. Sequence analysis of the IGF1 and IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) genes of female centenarians showed overrepresentation of heterozygous mutations in the IGF1R gene among centenarians relative to controls that are associated with high serum IGFI levels and reduced activity of the IGFIR as measured in transformed lymphocytes. Thus, genetic alterations in the human IGF1R that result in altered IGF signaling pathway confer an increase in susceptibility to human longevity, suggesting a role of this pathway in modulation of human lifespan.

Suh, Yousin; Atzmon, Gil; Cho, Mi-Ook; Hwang, David; Liu, Bingrong; Leahy, Daniel J.; Barzilai, Nir; Cohen, Pinchas

2008-01-01

58

Georgia Compliance Review Self-Study FY 01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for evaluation of local compliance with special education federal and state legal requirements, this compliance review document includes both the compliance requirements and the criteria by which compliance is determined during the onsite compliance review of Georgia local school systems and state-operated programs. Each legal requirement…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta.

59

A comparative study of selected Georgia elementary principals' perceptions of environmental knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to establish baseline data on environmental knowledge, opinions, and perceptions of elementary principals and to make comparisons based on academic success rankings of schools and to national results. The self-reported study looked at 200 elementary principals in the state of Georgia. The population selected for the study included principals from the 100 top and 100 bottom academically

2001-01-01

60

A comparative study of selected Georgia elementary principals' perceptions of environmental knowledge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study sought to establish baseline data on environmental knowledge, opinions, and perceptions of elementary principals and to make comparisons based on academic success rankings of schools and to national results. The self-reported study looked at 200 elementary principals in the state of Georgia. The population selected for the study included principals from the 100 top and 100 bottom academically ranked elementary schools as reported in the Georgia Public Policy Foundation Report Card for Parents. Their scores on the NEETF/Roper Environmental Knowledge Survey were compared between these two Georgia groups and to a national sample. Georgia elementary principals' scores were compared to environmental programs evident in their schools. The two Georgia groups were also compared on environmental opinion and perception responses on mandates, programs in schools and time devoted to these, environmental education as a priority, and the impact of various factors on the strength of environmental studies in schools. Georgia elementary principals leading schools at the bottom of the academic performance scale achieved environmental knowledge scores comparable to the national sample. However, principals of academically successful schools scored significantly higher on environmental knowledge than their colleagues from low performing schools (p < .05) and higher than the national sample (p < .001). Both Georgia principal groups strongly support a mandated environmental education curriculum for Georgia. The two groups were comparable on distributions of time devoted to environmental education across grade levels; however, principals from the more successful schools reported significantly (p < .01) greater amounts of time allotted to environmental studies. Both groups reported the same variety of environmental programs and practices evident in their schools and similar participation in these activities at various grade levels. Most significant (p < .01) was the comparison of ratings each group gave to environmental education as an instructional priority in their schools; principals supervising successful school programs viewed environmental education as a higher priority. These successful principals also recognized the importance of both administrator and staff interest as influencing factors and ranked these two variables as strongly impacting the success or failure of environmental initiatives in schools. Comparison of principals' environmental knowledge scores to numbers of programs shown no significant relationship. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Campbell, Joyce League

61

A Research Report: Predictions of Success on the Georgia Secondary Social Studies TCT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifies the content areas and academic variables that are significant predictors of success on the social studies component of the Georgia Teacher Certification Test. Finds that concentrated study in behavioral sciences is not advantageous while interdisciplinary approaches in geography, political science, and history better prepare…

Wynn, Charles T.

1988-01-01

62

Study of the history of medicine in Georgia.  

PubMed

There are different approaches to teaching the history of medicine in different countries. Teaching the history of medicine in Georgia is bound to its traditional medicine. Georgian medicine originated at the crossroads of the East and West and thus integrates the principles of both medical traditions. The Research Department of the History of Georgian Medicine and Traditional Medicine at Experimental and Clinical Medical Institute of Tbilisi State University has, over 40 years, collected a unique material on Georgian folk medicine, including thousands of recipes and hundreds of active components of herbal, animal, and mineral origin. Our project for the future is to prepare National Formulary of Georgian Medicine. In the work with students, we aim to teach them the basis of Chinese, Indian, Caucasian, Arabian, American, Australian, and African folk medicine, the basis of homeopathy and antroposophy, paleopathology, and bioarcheology so that they incorporate them into modern medicine and clinical practice. PMID:9933895

Shengelia, R

1999-03-01

63

Restrictive Access to Books in School Library Media Centers in Georgia. Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study sought to determine the extent of restrictive access to books in Georgia school library media centers and to discover by whose authority and for what reason these books might be placed on restrictive shelves. Questionnaires were completed and received from a stratified random sampling of 119 media specialists in high schools, middle or…

DuPree, Vi

64

Marine predators at South Georgia: an overview of recent bio-logging studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a unique diversity and density of land-based marine predators breeding at Bird Island, South Georgia, operating at a wide variety of spatial and temporal scales. These provide exceptional opportunities for bio-logging studies, the objectives of which have been to investigate trophic interactions in ecosystem contexts (including applications in fish- eries and environmental management and conservation). Associated data from

Philip N. Trathan; John P. Croxall

2004-01-01

65

A Validation Study of a Georgia Teacher Certification Test Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the construct validity of the revised Special Education-Mental Handicaps Georgia Teacher Certification Test (MH-TCT) using hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis and LISREL VI. The primary objective was to determine whether first-order and second-order factors correspond to item/objective/test relationships defined by…

Dabney, Marian E.; Stewart, Theadora

66

The Politics of the Budgetary Process: The Case Study of Georgia Perimeter College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given that numbers alone do not tell much of a story, this research project investigates Georgia Perimeter College’s budget process and the politics that is associated with it. This case study is an exploratory analysis. This type of methodology is ideal when a holistic, in?depth investigation is needed. Also the method seeks to identify influences on performance. This exploratory analysis

Kimberley Robinson

2009-01-01

67

A Study of Teachers' and Principals' Perceptions of Shared Decision Making in Georgia Charter Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article analyzes a study that examined Georgia charter-school teachers' and principals' perceptions of the ideal and actual practices in eight key areas of shared decision making: budgeting, curriculum/instruction, facilitating procedures, goals/visions/mission, operations, staffing, staff development, standards, and their overall…

Merriwether, Regina Wagner

68

A Study of the Reimbursement System for Nursing Homes through Medicaid in Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study was to compare Georgia Medicaid reimbursement of long-term care services with reimbursement in other states and to relate reimbursement patterns to service quality. The resulting report documents gaps and problems in the current G...

C. S. Guptill

1981-01-01

69

An Empirical Case Study of a Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Initiative in Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This empirical case study describes Prevent Child Abuse Georgia's effort to prevent child sexual abuse (CSA) by educating communities throughout the state on supporting preventive behaviour. The initiative consisted of three major components: (1) dissemination of CSA prevention messages and materials; (2) a statewide helpline that…

Schober, Daniel J.; Fawcett, Stephen B.; Thigpen, Sally; Curtis, Anna; Wright, Renee

2012-01-01

70

Restrictive Access to Books in School Library Media Centers in Georgia. Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine the extent of restrictive access to books in Georgia school library media centers and to discover by whose authority and for what reason these books might be placed on restrictive shelves. Questionnaires were completed and received from a stratified random sampling of 119 media specialists in high schools, middle or…

DuPree, Vi

71

Centenarians - a useful model for healthy aging? A 29-year follow-up of hospitalizations among 40 000 Danes born in 1905  

PubMed Central

Summary Centenarians surpass the current human life expectancy with about 20–25 years. However, whether centenarians represent healthy aging still remains an open question. Previous studies have been hampered by a number of methodological shortcomings such as a cross-sectional design and lack of an appropriate control group. In a longitudinal population-based cohort, it was examined whether the centenarian phenotype may be a useful model for healthy aging. The study was based on a complete follow up of 39 945 individuals alive in the Danish 1905 birth cohort on January 1, 1977 identified through the Danish Civil Registration System (DCRS). Data from the Danish Demographic Database and The Danish National Patient Register (in existence since 1977) were used. The 1905 cohort was followed up from 1977 through 2004 with respect to hospitalizations and number of hospital days. Survival status was available until December 2006. Danish centenarians from the 1905 cohort were hospitalized substantially less than their shorter-lived contemporaries at the same point in time during the years 1977 through 2004. For example, at age 71–74, the proportion of nonhospitalized centenarians was 80.5% compared with 68.4% among individuals who died in their early 80s. This trend was evident in both sexes. As a result of their lower hospitalization rates and length of stay in hospital compared with their contemporaries, who died at younger ages, Danish centenarians represent healthy agers. Centenarians constitute a useful study population in the search for fixed traits associated with exceptional longevity, such as genotype.

Engberg, Henriette; Oksuzyan, Anna; Jeune, Bernard; Vaupel, James W.; Christensen, Kaare

2009-01-01

72

Making Sense of Extreme Longevity: Explorations Into the Spiritual Lives of Centenarians  

PubMed Central

As the population grows older and more individuals live into advanced age the oldest-old segment will continue to increase in size. This qualitative study analyzes data gathered using in-depth interviewing and explores the spiritual saliency for sixteen centenarians. Results illustrate the importance spirituality has for older adults over the lifecourse, particularly those in advanced age. Our findings indicate that spirituality is key factor of support, an important resource in late life, and maintains continuity over the lifecourse for the centenarians. Additionally, spirituality serves as critical component in the everyday lives of the participants and provide a framework for helping older adults make sense of having lived a very long life. The findings reported here support the need for researchers and practitioners to consider the importance of spirituality in late life, particularly for those in their last decades.

Manning, Lydia K.; Leek, Jessie A.; Radina, M. Elise

2012-01-01

73

Centenarians and supercentenarians: a black swan. Emerging social, medical and surgical problems  

PubMed Central

The Black Swan Theory was described by Nassim Nicholas Taleb in his book “The Black Swan”. This theory refers to “high-impact, hard-to-predict, and rare events beyond the realm of normal expectations”. According to Taleb’s criteria, a Black Swan Event is a surprise, it has a major impact and after the fact, the event is rationalized by hindsight, as if it had been expected. For most of human history centenarians were a rare and unpredictable phenomenon. The improvements of the social-environmental conditions, of medical care, and the quality of life caused a general improvement of the health status of the population and a consequent reduction of the overall morbidity and mortality, resulting in an overall increase of life expectancy. The study of centenarians and supercentenarians had the objective to consider this black swan and to evaluate the health, welfare, social and economic consequences of this phenomenon.

2012-01-01

74

Factors Associated with ADL and IADL Dependency among Korean Centenarians: Reaching the 100-Year-Old Life Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to examine the functional status of Korean centenarians, who have crossed the relatively rare but increasingly common life transition of living for a century. As functional health is one of the essential components of healthy aging, our primary objective is to identify the correlates of two aspects of functioning, activities of…

Kim, Hyunjee; Lee, Taeyong; Lee, Sokgoo; Kim, Keonyeop; Lee, Sungkook; Kam, Sin; Ahn, Sangnam; Cho, Jinmyoung; Ory, Marcia G.

2012-01-01

75

Functional evaluation of a group of centenarians in Eastern Sicily by means of the activity of daily living scale.  

PubMed

A random sample of 28 centenarians was studied (32.56% of all centenarians in Eastern Sicily) within the framework of the Italian Multicenter Study on Centenarians. The activity of daily living (ADL) scale was applied to evaluate their capacity to perform everyday tasks autonomously. The study sample consisted of 8 males (28.57%) and 20 females (71.43%), overall mean age was 102.57 +/- 2.1 years. The patients fell into 3 groups according to their ADL scores independent group (with score A) 5 persons, 17.86% (2 males and 3 females); partially independent group (with scores B and C) 5 persons, 17.86% (1 male and 4 females); dependent group (with scores D-E-F-G and other) 18 persons, 64.29% (5 males and 13 females). We compared the results with a control study sample of 28 elderly patients (8 males, 20 females) over 85 years of age resident in a small village in Eastern Sicily (Graniti) and observed that the centenarians presented greater independence, especially the women. PMID:18653064

Mazzoleni, G; Cilmi, V; Fornaro, D; Truglio, P; Di Stefano, S; Savia, S; Receputo, G; Di Fazio, I; Rosana, C; Rapisarda, R

1996-01-01

76

Centenarians and diet: what they eat in the Western part of Sicily.  

PubMed

This paper pays attention to the modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition that might influence life extension and successful ageing. Previous data reported that in Sicily, the biggest Mediterranean island, there are some places where there is a high frequency of male centenarians with respect to the Italian average. The present data show that in Sicani Mountain zone there are more centenarians with respect to the Italian average. In fact, in five villages of Sicani Mountains, there were 19 people with an age range of 100-107?years old from a total population of 18,328 inhabitants. So, the centenarian number was 4.32-fold higher than the national average (10.37 vs. 2.4/10,000); the female/male ratio was 1.1:1 in the study area, while the national ratio is 4.54:1. Unequivocally, their nutritional assessment showed a high adherence to the Mediterranean nutritional profile with low glycemic index food consumed. To reach successful ageing it is advisable to follow a diet with low quantity of saturated fat and high amount of fruits and vegetables rich in phytochemicals. PMID:22524271

Vasto, Sonya; Rizzo, Claudia; Caruso, Calogero

2012-04-23

77

Data from complete mtDNA sequencing of Tunisian centenarians: testing haplogroup association and the "golden mean" to longevity.  

PubMed

Since the mitochondrial theory of ageing was proposed, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) diversity has been largely studied in old people, however complete genomes are still rare, being limited to Japanese and UK/US samples. In this work, we evaluated possible longevity associated polymorphisms/haplogroups in an African population, from Tunisia, by performing complete mtDNA sequencing. This population has a mixed Eurasian/sub-Saharan mtDNA gene pool, which could potentially facilitate the evaluation of association for sub-Saharan lineages. Sub-Saharan haplogroups were shown to be significantly less represented in centenarians (9.5%) than in controls (54.5%), but it is not possible to rule out an influence of population structure, which is high in these populations. No recurrent polymorphism were more frequent in centenarians than in controls, and although the Tunisian centenarians presented less synonymous and replacement polymorphisms than controls, this difference was not statistically significant. So far, it does not seem that centenarians have significantly less mildly deleterious substitutions, not only in Tunisia but also in Japanese and UK/US samples, as tested here, not favouring a "golden mean" to longevity. PMID:19133286

Costa, Marta D; Cherni, Lotfi; Fernandes, Verónica; Freitas, Fernando; Ammar El Gaaied, Amel Ben; Pereira, Luísa

2008-12-24

78

Multi-Scale Drought Analysis using Thermal Remote Sensing: A Case Study in Georgia’s Altamaha River Watershed  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The unprecedented recent droughts in the Southeast US caused reservoir levels to drop dangerously low, elevated wildfire hazard risks, reduced hydropower generation and caused severe economic hardships. Most drought indices are based on recent rainfall or changes in vegetation condition. However in heterogeneous landscapes, soils and vegetation (type and cover) combine to differentially stress regions even under similar weather conditions. This is particularly true for the heterogeneous landscapes and highly variable rainfall in the Southeastern United States. This research examines the spatiotemperal evolution of watershed scale drought using a remotely sensed stress index. Using thermal-infrared imagery, a fully automated inverse model of Atmosphere-Land Exchange (ALEXI), GIS datasets and analysis tools, modeled daily surface moisture stress is examined at a 10-km resolution grid covering central to southern Georgia. Regional results are presented for the 2000-2008 period. The ALEXI evaporative stress index (ESI) is compared to existing regional drought products and validated using local hydrologic measurements in Georgia’s Altamaha River watershed at scales from 10 to 10,000 km2.

Jacobs, J. M.; Bhat, S.; Choi, M.; Mecikalski, J. R.; Anderson, M. C.

2009-12-01

79

Risk factors associated with human brucellosis in the country of Georgia: a case-control study.  

PubMed

Human brucellosis occurs when humans ingest or contact Brucella spp. from shedding animals or contaminated environments and food. In Georgia animal and human brucellosis is endemic, but the epidemiology has not been fully characterized. A case-control study was conducted in 2010 to identify risk factors for human brucellosis. Using multivariable logistic regression, the following risk factors were identified: animal-related work [odds ratio (OR) 77·8, 90% confidence interval (CI) 4·7-1278], non-animal-related work (OR 12·7, 90% CI 1·1-149), being unemployed or a pensioner (OR 13·1, 90% CI 1·7, 101), sheep ownership (OR 19·3, 90% CI 5·1-72·6), making dairy products (OR 12·4, 90% CI 1·4-113), living in eastern Georgia (Kakheti) (OR 278·1, 90% CI 9·5-8100), and being aged >44 years (OR 9·3, 90% CI 1·02-84·4). Education of at-risk groups about risk factors and control of disease in sheep may reduce the human disease risk. This is the first study of its kind in Georgia since the collapse of the Soviet Union. PMID:22404868

Havas, K A; Ramishvili, M; Navdarashvili, A; Hill, A E; Tsanava, S; Imnadze, P; Salman, M D

2012-03-12

80

Governmental Management Study for the City of Forest Park, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study analyzes the Forest Park government in accordance with International City Manager's Association guidelines and certain administrative criteria. Six major administrative areas are analyzed. The recommendations are based on interviews with the Cit...

1973-01-01

81

Lifelong sustained mortality advantage of siblings of centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although survival to old age is known to have strong environmental and behavioral components, mortality differences between social groups tend to diminish or even disappear at older ages. Hypothesizing that surviving to extreme old age entails a substantial familial predisposition for longevity, we analyzed the pedigrees of 444 centenarian families in the United States. These pedigrees included 2,092 siblings of

Thomas T. Perls; John Wilmoth; Robin Levenson; Maureen Drinkwater; Melissa Cohen; Hazel Bogan; Erin Joyce; Stephanie Brewster; Louis Kunkel; Annibale Puca

2002-01-01

82

Georgia Revealed  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

OneWorld Journeys.com and Washingtonpost.com present Georgia Revealed: Searching for the Soul of the Caucasus. The site showcases a Georgia expedition that occurred April 16-29, the first of three explorations OneWorldJourneys.com have planned this year. Wilderness and nature photographers, journalists, and technicians collaborate here to bring users on their journey through the Caucasus Mountains Region of the Country of Georgia. Georgia Revealed not only features daily journal entries (text, streaming video and audio, and photographs) of the expedition, but also has sections providing background on history, travel, culture, and more. Altogether, this is a very well organized, educational site. We look forward to the next expedition to the Sonoran Desert.

83

Ground-Water Conditions and Studies in the Albany Area of Dougherty County, Georgia, 2007  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has been working with the Albany Water, Gas, and Light Commission to monitor ground-water quality and availability since 1977. This report presents an overview of ground-water conditions and studies in the Albany area of Dougherty County, Georgia, during 2007. Historical data are also presented for comparison with 2007 data. Ongoing monitoring activities include continuous water-level recording in 24 wells and monthly water-level measurements in 5 wells. During 2007, water levels in 21 of the continuous-recording wells were below normal, corresponding to lower than average rainfall. Ground-water samples collected from the Upper Floridan aquifer indicate that nitrate levels have decreased or remained about the same since 2006. Water samples were collected from the Flint River and wells at the Albany wellfield, and data were plotted on a trilinear diagram to show the percent composition of selected major cations and anions. Ground-water constituents (major cations and anions) of the Upper Floridan aquifer at the Albany wellfield are distinctly different from those in the water of the Flint River. To improve the understanding of the ground-water flow system and nitrate movement in the Upper Floridan aquifer, the USGS is developing a ground-water flow model in the southwestern Albany area of Georgia. The model is being calibrated to simulate periods of dry (October 1999) and relatively wet (March 2001) hydrologic conditions. Preliminary water-level simulations indicate a generally good fit to measured water levels.

Gordon, Debbie Warner

2008-01-01

84

A case study on the impact of welfare reform on Georgia's TANF recipients labor force entry and self-sufficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of welfare reform on Georgia Temporary Assistance to Needy Family (TANF) recipients’ labor force entry and self-sufficiency following passage of the Personal Responsibility Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act(PRWORA) of 1996. The study was based on the premise that the use of the cultural explanations of poverty theoretical framework was deficient in explaining the impact of welfare

Catherine Foster-Rowell

2011-01-01

85

A Study of Physician Reactions to the Medicare Cost Containment Pilot Program in the State of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Having reduced the unit cost of physician fees during the 1980s, the federal government set up a Medicare pilot study in the state of Georgia in 1989 to test the impact of its cost containment strategies aimed at reducing volume of services. This research has attempted not only to clarify the nature of physician reaction to the Medicare pilot study

Michael C. Mobley; Mary F. Mobley; Sheila K. ONeal

1996-01-01

86

A CASE STUDY: THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A WATER CONSERVATION PLAN BY GEORGIA GOLF COURSE SUPERINTENDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do water conservation and turfgrass water use become critical issues in a state, like Georgia, which receives 50- to 60-inches of rainfall per year? To begin to answer this question, which is more complex than it appears. The uses of water must first be defined and prioritized. Then where Georgia's water resources are derived and stored must be understood.

F. C. Waltz; R. N. Carrow; Mark Esoda; F. T. Siple

87

Employer Preferences Regarding Resume Content, Appearance, and Format. A Replication in Northwest Missouri of a Study of South Georgia's Hiring Officials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1991, Griffin and Anderson examined the preferences of a sample of South Georgia employees regarding resume content, appearance, and format. The Georgia study was replicated with a sample of 60 hiring officials from a variety of companies in northwestern Missouri to determine if geographic location is a factor in hiring officials' preferences…

Williams, Stephanie; And Others

88

A floristic study and vegetation analysis of power-line vegetation in Tattnall County, Georgia  

SciTech Connect

The object of this study is to obtain a complete list of all vascular plant species found within a floristically diverse area located approximately .6 mile northeast of Manassas, GA. Data was collected from November 1993 to November 1994. Habitat information was obtained for all vascular plant specimens which were collected, preserved, and identified. In addition, plant cover in two of the area`s habitat types, the bog and sandhill, was quantified in fall 1994 using the point-intercept method. The dominant species found in the bogs were grasses and sedges, while the dominant species in the sandhills were wiregrass and bracken fern. We found that the bog habitats had a much greater plant species richness than the sandhill habitats. Over 150 plant species were collected from the study site. This is the first detailed account of the many rare plants, including the endangered and protected carnivourous pitcher plants, found in the Tattnall County, Georgia.

Helton, R.C.; Drapalik, D.J.; Cantrell, H.; Drake, D.R. [Georgia Southern Univ., Statesboro, GA (United States)

1995-07-01

89

ON THE FACILITATIVE ROLE OF THE ECONOMIST IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT - CASE STUDY OF A GEORGIA SHRIMP HARBOR INVESTMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of the Georgia commercial fishery was but hopefully provocative to those economists con- concerned with demand for new port facilities that cerned with real world problems and willing to enter would best serve the shellfish industry, shrimpers, controversial situations. Economic development, as middlemen and consumers of fishery products. typically encountered, is often controversial. Seldom According to Carley, the

Bill R. Miller; A. Ersoz; Ronald M. North

1977-01-01

90

Healthy centenarian subjects: the effect of red wine consumption on liver function tests.  

PubMed

Liver function is well maintained with increasing age. The aim of our study was to investigate if long-term moderate (centenarians. Wine consumption habits were classified as moderate red wine drinkers (D) (centenarians had no negative effect on circulating liver enzyme activities. PMID:16760640

Pinzani, P; Petruzzi, E; Orlando, C; Malentacchi, F; Petruzzi, I; Pazzagli, M; Masotti, G

2005-01-01

91

Establishment of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from Centenarians for Neurodegenerative Disease Research  

PubMed Central

Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology can be used to model human disorders, create cell-based models of human diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, and in establishing therapeutic strategies. To detect subtle cellular abnormalities associated with common late-onset disease in iPSCs, valid control iPSCs derived from healthy donors free of serious late-onset diseases are necessary. Here, we report the generation of iPSCs from fibroblasts obtained immediately postmortem from centenarian donors (106- and 109-years-old) who were extremely healthy until an advanced age. The iPSCs were generated using a conventional method involving OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, and c-MYC, and then differentiated into neuronal cells using a neurosphere method. The expression of molecules that play critical roles in late-onset neurodegenerative diseases by neurons differentiated from the centenarian-iPSCs was compared to that of neurons differentiated from iPSCs derived from familial Alzheimer's disease and familial Parkinson's disease (PARK4: triplication of the ? synuclein gene) patients. The results indicated that our series of iPSCs would be useful in neurodegeneration research. The iPSCs we describe, which were derived from donors with exceptional longevity who were presumed to have no serious disease risk factors, would be useful in longevity research and as valid super-controls for use in studies of various late-onset diseases.

Yagi, Takuya; Kosakai, Arifumi; Ito, Daisuke; Okada, Yohei; Akamatsu, Wado; Nihei, Yoshihiro; Nabetani, Akira; Ishikawa, Fuyuki; Arai, Yasumichi; Hirose, Nobuyoshi; Okano, Hideyuki; Suzuki, Norihiro

2012-01-01

92

Maternal factors, birthweight, and racial differences in infant mortality: a Georgia population-based study.  

PubMed Central

Black infant mortality rates (IMRs) are approximately twice those of whites in Georgia and nationwide. This study evaluates maternal factors, particularly marital status, that influence racial differences in infant mortality. Population-based data on 565,730 live births and 7269 infant deaths in Georgia from 1980 to 1985 were examined. The IMR ratio for unmarried compared to married mothers was calculated and adjusted singly for maternal education, age and race, and infant birthweight. In addition, racial differences in IMR were estimated using stratified analysis on the basis of four factors: infant birthweight, maternal age, marital status, and education. When only normal birthweight infants were considered, the IMR, adjusted for maternal education level, was highest for infants born to unmarried black teens (9.5/1000 live births), followed by that for infants born to married black teens (9.1), unmarried black adults (7.5), married black adults (4.8), married white teens (4.4), married white adults (3.4), unmarried white adults (2.4), and unmarried white teens (1.3). When only low birthweight infants were considered, the highest IMR per 1000 was found in infants born to married black adults (119), followed by unmarried black adults (103), married black teens (99.9), unmarried black teens (92.5), married white adults (92.1), married white teens (79.0), unmarried white adults (38.0), and unmarried white teens (26.3). These differences led to a black-to-white IMR risk ratio from 1.3 for low birthweight infants born to unmarried teen or adult mothers to 3.7 for normal birthweight infants born to unmarried teen mothers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Sung, J. F.; Taylor, B. D.; Blumenthal, D. S.; Sikes, K.; Davis-Floyd, V.; McGrady, G.; Lofton, T. C.; Wade, T. E.

1994-01-01

93

Groundwater Conditions and Studies in the Albany Area of Dougherty County, Georgia, 2008  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey has been working cooperatively with the Albany Water, Gas, and Light Commission to monitor groundwater quality and availability since 1977. This report presents an overview of groundwater conditions and studies in the Albany area of Dougherty County, Georgia, during 2008. Historical data also are presented for comparison with 2008 data. Ongoing monitoring activities include continuous water-level recording in 24 wells and periodic water-level measurements in 5 wells. During 2008, water levels in 10 of the continuous-recording wells were below normal, corresponding to lower than average rainfall. Groundwater samples collected from 25 wells in the Upper Floridan aquifer indicate that nitrate levels during 2008 were similar to values from 2007, with a maximum of 12.5 milligrams per liter at one well. Water samples collected from the Flint River and wells at the Albany well field were analyzed and plotted on a trilinear diagram to show the percent composition of selected major cations and anions. Groundwater constituents (major cations and anions) of the Upper Floridan aquifer at the Albany well field remain distinctly different from those in the water of the Flint River. To improve the understanding of the groundwater-flow system and nitrate movement in the Upper Floridan aquifer, the U.S. Geological Survey is developing a groundwater-flow model in the Albany area of southwestern Georgia. The model is being calibrated to simulate periods of dry (October 1999) hydrologic conditions. Preliminary results of particle tracking indicate that water flows to the well field from the northwest.

Gordon, Debbie Warner

2009-01-01

94

A case-referent study: light at night and breast cancer risk in Georgia  

PubMed Central

Background Literature has identified detrimental health effects from the indiscriminate use of artificial nighttime light. We examined the co-distribution of light at night (LAN) and breast cancer (BC) incidence in Georgia, with the goal to contribute to the accumulating evidence that exposure to LAN increases risk of BC. Methods Using Georgia Comprehensive Cancer Registry data (2000–2007), we conducted a case-referent study among 34,053 BC cases and 14,458 lung cancer referents. Individuals with lung cancer were used as referents to control for other cancer risk factors that may be associated with elevated LAN, such as air pollution, and since this cancer type was not previously associated with LAN or circadian rhythm disruption. DMSP-OLS Nighttime Light Time Series satellite images (1992–2007) were used to estimate LAN levels; low (0–20 watts per sterradian cm2), medium (21–41 watts per sterradian cm2), high (>41 watts per sterradian cm2). LAN levels were extracted for each year of exposure prior to case/referent diagnosis in ArcGIS. Results Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using logistic regression models controlling for individual-level year of diagnosis, race, age at diagnosis, tumor grade, stage; and population-level determinants including metropolitan statistical area (MSA) status, births per 1,000 women aged 15–50, percentage of female smokers, MSA population mobility, and percentage of population over 16 in the labor force. We found that overall BC incidence was associated with high LAN exposure (OR?=?1.12, 95% CI [1.04, 1.20]). When stratified by race, LAN exposure was associated with increased BC risk among whites (OR?=?1.13, 95% CI [1.05, 1.22]), but not among blacks (OR?=?1.02, 95% CI [0.82, 1.28]). Conclusions Our results suggest positive associations between LAN and BC incidence, especially among whites. The consistency of our findings with previous studies suggests that there could be fundamental biological links between exposure to artificial LAN and increased BC incidence, although additional research using exposure metrics at the individual level is required to confirm or refute these findings.

2013-01-01

95

Social factors associated with centenarian rate (CR) in 32 OECD countries  

PubMed Central

Background Over the last fifty years, the number of centenarians has dramatically increased. The centenarian rate (CR) is representative of the general longevity prevalent in a nation; it indicates the number of individuals aged 100?years or above at a given date divided by the size of the corresponding cohort of a given age. Two important attributes of the CR (50–54) are that it reflects both unchanged age-specific fertility and the absence of migration in populations. It can generally be used in longevity-based evaluations of the broader concept of successful ageing. As such, this retrospective analysis of the social factors that contribute to the CR (50–54) may help to identify the factors associated with successful ageing. This study estimates the CR (50–54) and elucidates the influence of social factors on successful ageing and the CR (50–54), examining 32 member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Methods The social indicators for this study were obtained from the United Nations database. The data for the analysis of centenarians in the 32 OECD countries were obtained from the world population prospects conducted by the United Nations. Associations between social factors and CR (50–54) were assessed using Pearson correlation coefficients and regression models. Results Significant positive correlations were found between the CR (50–54) and the social factors of expenditure on health as a percentage of gross domestic product (HEGDP: r?=?0.411, p?

2013-01-01

96

Study to Design a Functional Space Utilization Program for Implementation at the United States Army Medical Department Activity, Fort Benning, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study places emphasis on the tactical as well as the strategic planning process involved in the utilization of physical facilities at MEDDAC, Fort Benning, Georgia. The author attempts to design an optimal feasible model for tactical and strategic sp...

D. J. Bruss

1980-01-01

97

Centenarians, but not octogenarians, up-regulate the expression of microRNAs  

PubMed Central

Centenarians exhibit extreme longevity and a remarkable compression of morbidity. They have a unique capacity to maintain homeostatic mechanisms. Since small non-coding RNAs (including microRNAs) are implicated in the regulation of gene expression, we hypothesised that longevity of centenarians may reflect alterations in small non-coding RNA expression. We report the first comparison of microRNAs expression profiles in mononuclear cells from centenarians, octogenarians and young individuals resident near Valencia, Spain. Principal Component Analysis of the expression of 15,644 mature microRNAs and, 2,334 snoRNAs and scaRNAs in centenarians revealed a significant overlap with profiles in young individuals but not with octogenarians and a significant up-regulation of 7 small non-coding RNAs in centenarians compared to young persons and notably 102 small non-coding RNAs when compared with octogenarians. We suggest that the small non-coding RNAs signature in centenarians may provide insights into the underlying molecular mechanisms endowing centenarians with extreme longevity.

Serna, Eva; Gambini, Juan; Borras, Consuelo; Mohammed, Kheira; Belenguer, Angel; Sanchis, Paula; Avellana, Juan A.; Rodriguez-Manas, Leocadio; Vina, Jose

2012-01-01

98

Highly diverse, poorly studied and uniquely threatened by climate change: an assessment of marine biodiversity on South Georgia's continental shelf.  

PubMed

We attempt to quantify how significant the polar archipelago of South Georgia is as a source of regional and global marine biodiversity. We evaluate numbers of rare, endemic and range-edge species and how the faunal structure of South Georgia may respond to some of the fastest warming waters on the planet. Biodiversity data was collated from a comprehensive review of reports, papers and databases, collectively representing over 125 years of polar exploration. Classification of each specimen was recorded to species level and fully geo-referenced by depth, latitude and longitude. This information was integrated with physical data layers (e.g. temperature, salinity and flow) providing a visualisation of South Georgia's biogeography across spatial, temporal and taxonomic scales, placing it in the wider context of the Southern Hemisphere. This study marks the first attempt to map the biogeography of an archipelago south of the Polar Front. Through it we identify the South Georgian shelf as the most speciose region of the Southern Ocean recorded to date. Marine biodiversity was recorded as rich across taxonomic levels with 17,732 records yielding 1,445 species from 436 families, 51 classes and 22 phyla. Most species recorded were rare, with 35% recorded only once and 86% recorded <10 times. Its marine fauna is marked by the cumulative dominance of endemic and range-edge species, potentially at their thermal tolerance limits. Consequently, our data suggests the ecological implications of environmental change to the South Georgian marine ecosystem could be severe. If sea temperatures continue to rise, we suggest that changes will include depth profile shifts of some fauna towards cooler Antarctic Winter Water (90-150 m), the loss of some range-edge species from regional waters, and the wholesale extinction at a global scale of some of South Georgia's endemic species. PMID:21647236

Hogg, Oliver T; Barnes, David K A; Griffiths, Huw J

2011-05-25

99

Highly Diverse, Poorly Studied and Uniquely Threatened by Climate Change: An Assessment of Marine Biodiversity on South Georgia's Continental Shelf  

PubMed Central

We attempt to quantify how significant the polar archipelago of South Georgia is as a source of regional and global marine biodiversity. We evaluate numbers of rare, endemic and range-edge species and how the faunal structure of South Georgia may respond to some of the fastest warming waters on the planet. Biodiversity data was collated from a comprehensive review of reports, papers and databases, collectively representing over 125 years of polar exploration. Classification of each specimen was recorded to species level and fully geo-referenced by depth, latitude and longitude. This information was integrated with physical data layers (e.g. temperature, salinity and flow) providing a visualisation of South Georgia's biogeography across spatial, temporal and taxonomic scales, placing it in the wider context of the Southern Hemisphere. This study marks the first attempt to map the biogeography of an archipelago south of the Polar Front. Through it we identify the South Georgian shelf as the most speciose region of the Southern Ocean recorded to date. Marine biodiversity was recorded as rich across taxonomic levels with 17,732 records yielding 1,445 species from 436 families, 51 classes and 22 phyla. Most species recorded were rare, with 35% recorded only once and 86% recorded <10 times. Its marine fauna is marked by the cumulative dominance of endemic and range-edge species, potentially at their thermal tolerance limits. Consequently, our data suggests the ecological implications of environmental change to the South Georgian marine ecosystem could be severe. If sea temperatures continue to rise, we suggest that changes will include depth profile shifts of some fauna towards cooler Antarctic Winter Water (90–150 m), the loss of some range-edge species from regional waters, and the wholesale extinction at a global scale of some of South Georgia's endemic species.

Hogg, Oliver T.; Barnes, David K. A.; Griffiths, Huw J.

2011-01-01

100

Strikingly higher frequency in centenarians and twins of mtDNA mutation causing remodeling of replication origin in leukocytes  

PubMed Central

The presence of a genetic component in longevity is well known. Here, the association of a mtDNA mutation with a prolonged life span in humans was investigated. Large-scale screening of the mtDNA main control region in leukocytes from subjects of an Italian population revealed a homoplasmic C150T transition near an origin of heavy mtDNA-strand synthesis in ?17% of 52 subjects 99–106 years old, but, in contrast, in only 3.4% of 117 younger individuals (P = 0.0035). Evidence was obtained for the contribution of somatic events, under probable nuclear genetic control, to the striking selective accumulation of the mutation in centenarians. In another study, among leukocyte mtDNA samples from 20 monozygotic and 18 dizygotic twins, 60–75 years old, 30% (P = 0.0007) and 22% (P = 0.011), respectively, of the individuals involved exhibited the homoplasmic C150T mutation. In a different system, i.e., in five human fibroblast longitudinal studies, convincing evidence for the aging-related somatic expansion of the C150T mutation, up to homoplasmy, was obtained. Most significantly, 5? end analysis of nascent heavy mtDNA strands consistently revealed a new replication origin at position 149, substituting for that at 151, only in C150T mutation-carrying samples of fibroblasts or immortalized lymphocytes. Considering the aging-related health risks that the centenarians have survived and the developmental risks of twin gestations, it is proposed that selection for a remodeled replication origin, inherited or somatically acquired, provides a survival advantage and underlies the observed high incidence of the C150T mutation in centenarians and twins.

Zhang, Jin; Asin-Cayuela, Jordi; Fish, Jennifer; Michikawa, Yuichi; Bonafe, Massimiliano; Olivieri, Fabiola; Passarino, Giuseppe; De Benedictis, Giovanna; Franceschi, Claudio; Attardi, Giuseppe

2003-01-01

101

A tracer study of the Floridan Aquifer in southeastern Georgia: Implications for groundwater flow and paleoclimate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributions of stable isotopes of water, radiocarbon, noble gases, and chloride (Cl) in groundwater from the Upper Floridan aquifer in southeastern Georgia suggest that down gradient of the Gulf Trough this aquifer contains waters representative of both regional and local groundwater flow systems. In this area, locally recharged waters tend to remain near the top of the aquifer and do

Jordan F. Clark; Martin Stute; Peter Schlosser; Stefan Drenkard; Georges Bonani

1997-01-01

102

A tracer study of the Floridan aquifer in southeastern Georgia: Implications for groundwater flow and paleoclimate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributions of stable isotopes of water, radiocarbon, noble gases, and chloride (Cl) in groundwater from the Upper Floridan aquifer in southeastern Georgia suggest that down gradient of the Gulf Trough this aquifer contains waters representative of both regional and local groundwater flow systems. In this area, locally recharged waters tend to remain near the top of the aquifer and do

Jordan F. Clark; Martin Stute; Peter Schlosser; Stefan Drenkard; Georges Bonani

1997-01-01

103

Integrated gravity, magnetic, seismic, and geologic study of Triassic Riddleville basin, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

An integrated approach was taken in assessing the basement configuration of the Riddleville basin, a Triassic rift structure in central Georgia. The basin is within Piedmont metamorphic and igneous rocks and is overlain by a veneer of Cretaceous and younger sediments. Generally, these basins yield poor seismic data, as in this case where much of the seismic energy is absorbed

E. Fisher; D. G. Ziegler; C. L. V. Aiken

1987-01-01

104

Business and public health collaboration for emergency preparedness in Georgia: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Governments may be overwhelmed by a large-scale public health emergency, such as a massive bioterrorist attack or natural disaster, requiring collaboration with businesses and other community partners to respond effectively. In Georgia, public health officials and members of the Business Executives for National Security have successfully collaborated to develop and test procedures for dispensing medications from the Strategic National

James W Buehler; Ellen A Whitney; Ruth L Berkelman

2006-01-01

105

Georgia Teacher Certification Testing Program: Administration and Supervision Test. Study Guide and Information Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook was developed for persons preparing to take the Georgia Teacher Certification Test (TCT) in administration and supervision. The subareas of the test are: (1) overview of leadership in education; (2) organizational and legal structures in education; (3) management of school operations; (4) personnel management; (5) instructional…

Schnittjer, Carl J.

106

A Paleomagnetic and Paleointensity Study on Late Pliocene Volcanic Rocks From Southern Georgia (Caucasus)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A paleomagnetic, rock-magnetic and paleointensity study was carried out on 21 basaltic lava flows belonging to four different sequences of late Pliocene age from southern Georgia (Caucasus): Diliska (5 flows), Kvemo Orozmani (5 flows), Dmanisi (11 flows) and Zemo Karabulaki (3 flows). Paleomagnetic analysis generally showed the presence of a single component (mainly in the Dmanisi sequence) but also two more or less superimposed components in several other cases. All sites except one clearly displayed a normal-polarity characteristic component. Susceptibility-versus-temperature curves measured in argon atmosphere on whole- rock powdered samples yielded low-Ti titanomagnetite as main carrier of remanence, although a lower Tc- component (300-400C) was also observed in several cases. Both reversible and non-reversible k-T curves were measured. A pilot paleointensity study was performed with the Coe method on two samples of each of those sites considered suitable after interpretation of rock-magnetic and paleomagnetic results. The pilot study showed that reliable paleointensity results were mainly obtained from sites of the Dmanisi sequence. This thick sequence of basaltic lava flows records the upper end of the normal-polarity Olduvai subchron, a fact confirmed by 40Ar/39Ar dating of the uppermost lava flow and overlying volcanogenic ashes, which yields ages of 1.8 to 1.85 My. A new paleointensity experiment was carried out only on samples belonging to the Dmanisi sequence. Although this work is still in progress, first results show that paleointensities are low, their values lying between 10 and 20 µT in many cases, and not being higher than 30 µT. For comparison, present day field is 47 µT.

Calvo-Rathert, M.; Bogalo, M.; Gogichaishvili, A.; Vegas-Tubia, N.; Sologashvili, J.; Villalain, J.

2009-05-01

107

Extending healthy ageing: nutrient sensitive pathway and centenarian population  

PubMed Central

Ageing is a challenge for any living organism and human longevity is a complex phenotype. With increasing life expectancy, maintaining long-term health, functionality and well-being during ageing has become an essential goal. To increase our understanding of how ageing works, it may be advantageous to analyze the phenotype of centenarians, perhaps one of the best examples of successful ageing. Healthy ageing involves the interaction between genes, the environment, and lifestyle factors, particularly diet. Besides evaluating specific gene-environment interactions in relation to exceptional longevity, it is important to focus attention on modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition to achieve extension of health span. Furthermore, a better understanding of human longevity may assist in the design of strategies to extend the duration of optimal human health. In this article we briefly discuss relevant topics on ageing and longevity with particular focus on dietary patterns of centenarians and nutrient-sensing pathways that have a pivotal role in the regulation of life span. Finally, we also discuss the potential role of Nrf2 system in the pro-ageing signaling emphasizing its phytohormetic activation.

2012-01-01

108

Effect of diet and red wine consumption on serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate (DHEAS) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in Italian centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional mediterranean diet is associated with a hope for longer survival. It has also been shown that the red wine possesses a protective effect against the oxidative stress. We studied TAC, the DHEAS and the IGF-1 in a group of 26 healthy centenarians, 17 women and 9 men, of the age range of 100–105 years. Furthermore, we analyzed also

F. M. Antonini; E. Petruzzi; P. Pinzani; C. Orlando; I. Petruzzi; M. Pazzagli; G. Masotti

2005-01-01

109

Metabolic Signatures of Extreme Longevity in Northern Italian Centenarians Reveal a Complex Remodeling of Lipids, Amino Acids, and Gut Microbiota Metabolism  

PubMed Central

The aging phenotype in humans has been thoroughly studied but a detailed metabolic profiling capable of shading light on the underpinning biological processes of longevity is still missing. Here using a combined metabonomics approach compromising holistic 1H-NMR profiling and targeted MS approaches, we report for the first time the metabolic phenotype of longevity in a well characterized human aging cohort compromising mostly female centenarians, elderly, and young individuals. With increasing age, targeted MS profiling of blood serum displayed a marked decrease in tryptophan concentration, while an unique alteration of specific glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids are seen in the longevity phenotype. We hypothesized that the overall lipidome changes specific to longevity putatively reflect centenarians' unique capacity to adapt/respond to the accumulating oxidative and chronic inflammatory conditions characteristic of their extreme aging phenotype. Our data in centenarians support promotion of cellular detoxification mechanisms through specific modulation of the arachidonic acid metabolic cascade as we underpinned increased concentration of 8,9-EpETrE, suggesting enhanced cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme activity. Such effective mechanism might result in the activation of an anti-oxidative response, as displayed by decreased circulating levels of 9-HODE and 9-oxoODE, markers of lipid peroxidation and oxidative products of linoleic acid. Lastly, we also revealed that the longevity process deeply affects the structure and composition of the human gut microbiota as shown by the increased extrection of phenylacetylglutamine (PAG) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS) in urine of centenarians. Together, our novel approach in this representative Italian longevity cohort support the hypothesis that a complex remodeling of lipid, amino acid metabolism, and of gut microbiota functionality are key regulatory processes marking exceptional longevity in humans.

Collino, Sebastiano; Montoliu, Ivan; Martin, Francois-Pierre J.; Scherer, Max; Mari, Daniela; Salvioli, Stefano; Bucci, Laura; Ostan, Rita; Monti, Daniela; Biagi, Elena; Brigidi, Patrizia; Franceschi, Claudio; Rezzi, Serge

2013-01-01

110

Gerontology research in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gerontology research carried out in different scientific centers of Georgia follows the basic directions of most work in this\\u000a field: epidemiology, investigation of the mechanisms of aging, and finding ways to prevent senile pathologies and to prolong\\u000a life. The genealogy and epidemiology of long-living peaple have been studied in areas with high occurrence of these people\\u000a by considering the sex

Teimuraz Lezhava; Jamlet Monaselidze; Tina Jokhadze; Nona Kakauridze; Nodar Khodeli; Mamanti Rogava; Tamara Bochorishvili; Maia Gorgoshidze; Dato Khachidze; Eteri Lomidze; Jaba Tkemaladze; Kote Chichinadze; Marina Koridze; Rusudan Khukhuneishvili; Nato Zosidze; Marina Nagervadze; Tamara Buadze; Maia Gaiozishvili

2011-01-01

111

Georgia's Residential Restitution Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The experience and potential of Georgia's program of residential restitution centers is reviewed. The Georgia centers are offender-focused rather than victim-focused, thus differing from state victim compensation programs. Ten centers serve designated jud...

J. R. Weber

1978-01-01

112

Engineering Study for a Full Scale Demonstration of Steam Reforming Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific's Mill in Big Island, Virginia  

SciTech Connect

Georgia-Pacific Corporation performed an engineering study to determine the feasibility of installing a full-scale demonstration project of steam reforming black liquor chemical recovery at Georgia-Pacific's mill in Big Island, Virginia. The technology considered was the Pulse Enhanced Steam Reforming technology that was developed and patented by Manufacturing and Technology Conversion, International (MTCI) and is currently licensed to StoneChem, Inc., for use in North America. Pilot studies of steam reforming have been carried out on a 25-ton per day reformer at Inland Container's Ontario, California mill and on a 50-ton per day unit at Weyerhaeuser's New Bern, North Carolina mill.

Robert De Carrera; Mike Ohl

2002-03-19

113

A tracer study of the Floridan aquifer in southeastern Georgia: Implications for groundwater flow and paleoclimate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Distributions of stable isotopes of water, radiocarbon, noble gases, and chloride (Cl) in groundwater from the Upper Floridan aquifer in southeastern Georgia suggest that down gradient of the Gulf Trough this aquifer contains waters representative of both regional and local groundwater flow systems. In this area, locally recharged waters tend to remain near the top of the aquifer and do not mix substantially with the regional groundwater flow system. Noble gas temperatures suggest that this region of Georgia was 4.0+/-0.6°C cooler during the last glacial period (LGP). Similar temperature changes have been reported for southern Texas and northern New Mexico, suggesting that the southern United States cooled uniformly during the LGP. Stable isotopes of water became enriched down gradient from the recharge area. These enrichments which have been observed before appear to result from local influx of shallow groundwater into the regional aquifer system rather than representing a climate change signal. An inland gradient of the stable isotope composition (0.60+/-0.14‰/100km in ?18O) was found in young (Holocene) water. After correcting for the change in the stable isotope composition of the ocean during the LGP, water that was recharged during the LGP was found to be slightly depleted in stable isotopes relative to modern recharge (??18O=0.6+/-0.4‰). Assuming the modern inland gradient, the change in ?18O is consistent with a shift in the coastline, which was caused by the lower sea level during the LGP.

Clark, Jordan F.; Stute, Martin; Schlosser, Peter; Drenkard, Stefan; Bonani, Georges

114

Vitamin E concentrations in human brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease, fetuses with Down's syndrome, centenarians, and controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concentration of vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) was measured in samples of cortex from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), fetuses with Down's syndrome (DS), and also in a group of centenarians. The mean tocopherol concentrations in the two patient groups did not differ significantly from appropriate controls. When expressed per lipid the mean tocopherol concentration of the centenarians was greater than

T. Metcalfe; D. M. Bowen; D. P. R. Muller

1989-01-01

115

A study of intimate partner violence and posttraumatic stress disorder among women living in safe houses in the state of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines Intimate Partner Violence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among women living in safe houses in the State of Georgia. This study was based on the premise that Intimate Partner Violence has an effect on the mental health status of women living in safe houses and can result in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. A case study analysis approach was used

Clark T Rikki

2012-01-01

116

The Effects of Georgia's Choice Curricular Reform Model on Third Grade Science Scores on the Georgia Criterion Referenced Competency Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Georgia's Choice reading curriculum on third grade science scores on the Georgia Criterion Referenced Competency Test from 2002 to 2008. In assessing the effectiveness of the Georgia's Choice curriculum model this causal comparative study examined the 105 elementary schools that…

Phemister, Art W.

2010-01-01

117

Highly Diverse, Poorly Studied and Uniquely Threatened by Climate Change: An Assessment of Marine Biodiversity on South Georgia's Continental Shelf  

Microsoft Academic Search

We attempt to quantify how significant the polar archipelago of South Georgia is as a source of regional and global marine biodiversity. We evaluate numbers of rare, endemic and range-edge species and how the faunal structure of South Georgia may respond to some of the fastest warming waters on the planet.Biodiversity data was collated from a comprehensive review of reports,

Oliver T. Hogg; David K. A. Barnes; Huw J. Griffiths; Simon Thrush

2011-01-01

118

A Study of the Relationships between Indicators of Georgia Alternative School Effectiveness and Measures of Student Success as Perceived by Alternative School Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between Georgia alternative school administrators' perceptions of student success factors and the three domains of essential elements of effective alternative schools. The success factors included: dropout rate, average grade point average (GPA), average absences per student,…

Obleton, Eddie V.

2010-01-01

119

Mobile Telemonitoring for Arrhythmias in Outpatients in the Republic of Georgia: A Brief Report of a Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Abstract As the very first trial of mobile telemedicine in the Republic of Georgia, in June–December 2010 we investigated 35 outpatients with different types of arrhythmia (male/female ratio=16/19; 12–80 years old), among them 5 patients with concomitant epilepsy. The control group comprised 7 clinically healthy sportsmen (soccer players, all men; 15–17 years old), during a 30-min velo ergometer stress test. A three-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) loop recorder (Vitaphone BT 3300; Vitasystems GmbH, Mannheim, Germany) was used in automatic mode, using special LRMA software (MDT, Lázn? Bohdane?, Czech Republic) and a Nokia (Espoo, Finland) model 6730 Symbian phone. Automatically recorded arrhythmia events were transmitted from the loop recorder by Bluetooth® (Bluetooth SIG, Inc., Kirkland, WA) to a phone and then by 3G (through our partner mobile operator, MagtiCom Ltd. [Tbilsi, Georgia]) to the Vitasystems server in Germany and were available to Georgian physicians via e-mail/Internet. Arrhythmias were recorded/monitored during 7–68?h of observation. The number of automatically recorded ECG events varied between 3 and 170 per observation, or 0.4–10.7 hourly. Cases of sinus brady- and tachyarrhythmia, sinus node weakness syndrome, atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, supraventricular premature complexes, and ventricular premature complexes were correctly recognized by automatic recognition software and recorded. In 3 patients and 1 sportsman previously unspecified (despite multiple investigations), arrhythmias were recorded: paroxysmal tachycardia (n=1), sinus node weakness syndrome (n=1), and ventricular premature complexes (n=2). In 3 cases (all women) light insomnia and nervousness were reported. In 2 patients with neurosis (both elderly men, 1 with epilepsy) we had to stop investigation prematurely because of anxiety/agitation. Mobile telecardiology represents feasible methodology to monitor arrhythmias in outpatients in Georgia, promoting earlier discharge of non–life-threatening cases, improving patients' comfort of life, and increasing their mobility with enhanced safety. Mobile telehealth might also represent significant cost-saving for insurance companies (this is an ongoing study). Finally, in remote areas mobile telemonitoring of patients will improve quality of care by timely provision of a second opinion in cases when local expertise is not sufficient.

Gegenava, Thea; Gegenava, Maka; Matoshvili, Zviad; Kasradze, Sofia; Kasradze, Pavle

2012-01-01

120

Mobile telemonitoring for arrhythmias in outpatients in the Republic of Georgia: a brief report of a pilot study.  

PubMed

As the very first trial of mobile telemedicine in the Republic of Georgia, in June-December 2010 we investigated 35 outpatients with different types of arrhythmia (male/female ratio=16/19; 12-80 years old), among them 5 patients with concomitant epilepsy. The control group comprised 7 clinically healthy sportsmen (soccer players, all men; 15-17 years old), during a 30-min velo ergometer stress test. A three-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) loop recorder (Vitaphone BT 3300; Vitasystems GmbH, Mannheim, Germany) was used in automatic mode, using special LRMA software (MDT, Lázn? Bohdane?, Czech Republic) and a Nokia (Espoo, Finland) model 6730 Symbian phone. Automatically recorded arrhythmia events were transmitted from the loop recorder by Bluetooth(®) (Bluetooth SIG, Inc., Kirkland, WA) to a phone and then by 3G (through our partner mobile operator, MagtiCom Ltd. [Tbilsi, Georgia]) to the Vitasystems server in Germany and were available to Georgian physicians via e-mail/Internet. Arrhythmias were recorded/monitored during 7-68?h of observation. The number of automatically recorded ECG events varied between 3 and 170 per observation, or 0.4-10.7 hourly. Cases of sinus brady- and tachyarrhythmia, sinus node weakness syndrome, atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, supraventricular premature complexes, and ventricular premature complexes were correctly recognized by automatic recognition software and recorded. In 3 patients and 1 sportsman previously unspecified (despite multiple investigations), arrhythmias were recorded: paroxysmal tachycardia (n=1), sinus node weakness syndrome (n=1), and ventricular premature complexes (n=2). In 3 cases (all women) light insomnia and nervousness were reported. In 2 patients with neurosis (both elderly men, 1 with epilepsy) we had to stop investigation prematurely because of anxiety/agitation. Mobile telecardiology represents feasible methodology to monitor arrhythmias in outpatients in Georgia, promoting earlier discharge of non-life-threatening cases, improving patients' comfort of life, and increasing their mobility with enhanced safety. Mobile telehealth might also represent significant cost-saving for insurance companies (this is an ongoing study). Finally, in remote areas mobile telemonitoring of patients will improve quality of care by timely provision of a second opinion in cases when local expertise is not sufficient. PMID:22827508

Kirtava, Zviad; Gegenava, Thea; Gegenava, Maka; Matoshvili, Zviad; Kasradze, Sofia; Kasradze, Pavle

2012-07-24

121

Ground-Water Conditions and Studies in the Brunswick-Glynn County Area, Georgia, 2007  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Upper Floridan aquifer is contaminated with saltwater in a 2-square-mile area of downtown Brunswick, Georgia. This contamination has limited the development of the ground-water supply in the Glynn County area. Hydrologic, geologic, and water-quality data are needed to effectively manage water resources. Since 1959, the U.S. Geological Survey has conducted a cooperative water-resources program with the City of Brunswick to monitor and assess the effect of ground-water development on saltwater contamination of the Floridan aquifer system. The potential development of alternative sources of water in the Brunswick and surficial aquifer systems also is an important consideration in coastal areas. During calendar year 2007, the cooperative water-resources monitoring program included continuous water-level recording of 13 wells completed in the Floridan, Brunswick, and surficial aquifer systems; collecting water levels from 22 wells to map the potentiometric surface of the Upper Floridan aquifer during July and August 2007; and collecting and analyzing water samples from 76 wells to map chloride concentrations in the Upper Floridan aquifer during July and August 2007. In addition, work was initiated to refine an existing ground-water flow model for evaluation of water-management scenarios.

Cherry, Gregory S.; Clarke, John S.

2008-01-01

122

GTWS: Georgia Tech Watershed Simulation Model. Part I. The Model, Part II. Parameter Optimization, Part III. Model Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Georgia Tech Watershed Simulation Model provides a continuous deterministic simulation of streamflow from precipitation data and was specifically developed to help students better comprehend the complex interaction of flow processes and storages in th...

A. M. Lumb F. L. Currie T. D. Hassett J. Zorich

1975-01-01

123

60 FR 40390 - Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) Georgia Tech Research Reactor; Issuance of Partial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...emergency provisions for the Olympics are being planned by Georgia Tech in coordination with the Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games, the U.S. Department of Defense, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Georgia State Patrol, Georgia...

1995-08-08

124

Multiple pathologies and drug consumption in a group of centenarians from Eastern Sicily.  

PubMed

Multiple pathologies are characteristic for the elderly. We evaluated the prevalence of multiple pathologies in 28 randomly selected centenarians living in Eastern Sicily and compared the data with those obtained in another random group of 28 control subjects over 80 years of age. It has been revealed that 25% of the centenarians suffered from 0-3 pathologies, while the remaining 75% displayed more than 3 pathologies. The control subjects had 0-3 pathologies in 50% of over 80 years, while 50% were affected by more than 3 pathologies. In centenarians the most prevalent pathologies involved the sensorial apparatus (sight and hearing), followed by the digestive, urogenital and cardiovascular systems. In the control group the rank of occurrence was as follows: cardiovascular system, osteoarticular and respiratory apparatuses, and sensorium. We compared drug consumption in the two age groups. In the centenarians, 71.43% took 0-3 drugs, while 28.57% took more than 3 drugs. In the control group, 53.57% took 0-3 drugs, whereas 46.43% took more than 3 drugs. PMID:18653063

Mazzoleni, G; Alessandria, I; Receputo, G; Patané, R; Di Stefano, S; Fornaro, D; Savia, S; Cilmi, V; Rapisarda, R; Rosana, C

1996-01-01

125

Wood energy in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The forest resources of Georgia are reviewed in relation to energy production. Methods of harvesting and the residues and total biomass generated which are reviewed include commercial harvesting, control plot, (no management), clear-cutting, selective thinning, and firewood plot. The gasification project at Rome, Georgia, is described. Another project is a wood-fired lumber dryer modified for drying corn, soy beans, and

1980-01-01

126

Survey of Georgia Employers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The business and industry representatives present at the initial meeting of each of Georgia's 16 state technical committees responsible for reviewing the curricula offered by Georgia technical institutes were surveyed to gather information about general trends in the workplace and ways of relating those trends to planning/revising technical…

Harnish, Dorothy; Anukam, Ray

1996-01-01

127

Through Ageing, and Beyond: Gut Microbiota and Inflammatory Status in Seniors and Centenarians  

PubMed Central

Background Age-related physiological changes in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as modifications in lifestyle, nutritional behaviour, and functionality of the host immune system, inevitably affect the gut microbiota, resulting in a greater susceptibility to infections. Methodology/Principal Findings By using the Human Intestinal Tract Chip (HITChip) and quantitative PCR of 16S rRNA genes of Bacteria and Archaea, we explored the age-related differences in the gut microbiota composition among young adults, elderly, and centenarians, i.e subjects who reached the extreme limits of the human lifespan, living for over 100 years. We observed that the microbial composition and diversity of the gut ecosystem of young adults and seventy-years old people is highly similar but differs significantly from that of the centenarians. After 100 years of symbiotic association with the human host, the microbiota is characterized by a rearrangement in the Firmicutes population and an enrichment in facultative anaerobes, notably pathobionts. The presence of such a compromised microbiota in the centenarians is associated with an increased inflammatory status, also known as inflammageing, as determined by a range of peripheral blood inflammatory markers. This may be explained by a remodelling of the centenarians' microbiota, with a marked decrease in Faecalibacterium prauznitzii and relatives, symbiotic species with reported anti-inflammatory properties. As signature bacteria of the long life we identified specifically Eubacterium limosum and relatives that were more than ten-fold increased in the centenarians. Conclusions/Significance We provide evidence for the fact that the ageing process deeply affects the structure of the human gut microbiota, as well as its homeostasis with the host's immune system. Because of its crucial role in the host physiology and health status, age-related differences in the gut microbiota composition may be related to the progression of diseases and frailty in the elderly population.

Biagi, Elena; Nylund, Lotta; Candela, Marco; Ostan, Rita; Bucci, Laura; Pini, Elisa; Nikkila, Janne; Monti, Daniela; Satokari, Reetta; Franceschi, Claudio; Brigidi, Patrizia; De Vos, Willem

2010-01-01

128

Developmental Education in Georgia: A Statewide Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines progressive stages of the "Special Studies" developmental education program in the University of Georgia system. Illustrates the process by which prospective freshmen are identified as developmental students, placed in appropriate courses, and advanced to regular college credit classes. (DR)|

Davis, Cynthia

1979-01-01

129

[Study on the separation process of pharmacological active total alkaloids from Chelidonium majus L. growing in Georgia].  

PubMed

In present article was studied the separation process of pharmacological active total alkaloids from Chelidonium majus L. growing in Georgia. Alkaloids were extracted from medicinal herbal material and separated by liquid extraction, diluents gas and a microfiltration through membrane equipment. The obtained A1, A2, A3 fractions were analyzed by GC/MS method; in all cases separation proceeds by the principle of extraction of the target alkaloids. It was concluded that the A1 is enriched with ? and ? cryptopins, and protopin, but homochelidonine and chelidonine are in low contents. As accompanying alkaloid is identified dihydrosanguinarine as an artifact; the A2 is enriched with the maximum contents of stylopine and protopin, but the poor contents of chelidonine and homochelidonine; the A3 is enriched with ? and ? cryptopins and maximum content of chelidonine. Extraction of alkaloids from Chelidonium majus L. proceeds selectively, but depending on a way of separation of the total alkaloids allows varying qualitative and quantitative consistence of the final product. PMID:23676491

2013-04-01

130

Personality, self-rated health, and cognition in centenarians: Do personality and self-rated health relate to cognitive function in advanced age?  

PubMed Central

Personality and self-rated health have been linked previously to cognitive outcome in late life. However, these associations have not been shown among the oldest old. This study examined relationships between personality, self-rated health, and cognitive function in a selected sample of Ashkenazi Jewish centenarians (n = 68, 59% female) aged 95 to 106 who lived independently in the community. Personality was measured using the Personality Outlook Profile Scale (POPS), a brief measure that was validated in this population. Self-rated health was assessed by participants’ subjective rating of their present health, and Mini-Mental Status Examination was used to determine cognitive function. Results showed positive associations of the Positive Attitude Towards Life domain of the POPS and self-rated health with participants’ current cognitive function. These associations remained significant even after adjusting for the effects of participants'age, gender, marital status, education, and history of medical illnesses. Further exploratory analysis using structural equations modeling showed significant associations among the three variables, but demonstrated a borderline significant level of mediating effect of personality on the relationship between self-rated health and cognition. These results reemphasized the independent roles of personality and self-rated health on centenarians’ cognitive outcomes. Future studies will further elucidate the impact of personality and self-rated health on cognitive outcomes in the oldest old.

Kato, Kaori; Zweig, Richard; Schechter, Clyde B.; Verghese, Joe; Barzilai, Nir; Atzmon, Gil

2013-01-01

131

Neighborhood Analysis, Jefferson, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report examines the nature and extent of blight in various areas of Jefferson, Georgia. The city was divided into four neighborhoods or sub areas for which data were gathered and analyzed according to land use, structural condition, environmental cond...

J. D. McAlister

1971-01-01

132

Testing FASST a One-Dimensional Hydrological Model for Soil Moisture Studies at the Little River Watershed, Tifton, Georgia  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The FASST (Fast All Season Strength model, US Army Corps of Engineers), one-dimensional hydrologic model was used to evaluate soil moisture across the USDA-ARS-SEWRL Little River Watershed in south Georgia US. The ultimate goal of this research is to assess the spatial variation of soil moisture acr...

133

A paleomagnetic and paleointensity study on Pleistocene and Pliocene basaltic flows from the Djavakheti Highland (Southern Georgia, Caucasus)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New paleomagnetic, rock-magnetic and paleointensity results obtained on samples from 23 basaltic lava flows belonging to four different flow sequences (Mashavera, Kvemo Orozmani, Zemo Karabulaki and Diliska) of Pleistocene and Pliocene age from the eastern Djavakheti Highland, in southern Georgia, are presented. Radiometric dating of these sequences yields ages between 1.8 and 2.18 Ma for Mashavera, 2.07 and 2.58 Ma for Zemo-Karabulakhi and 2.12 and 3.27 for Diliska. No radiometric ages are available for the Kvemo Orozmani sequence, which is considered to be coeval to the Mashavera sequence.Rock-magnetic experiments including measurement of thermomagnetic, hysteresis and IRM-acquisition curves suggest low-Ti titanomagnetite as main carrier of remanence, although a lower Curie-temperature component was also observed in several cases. Reversible and non-reversible curves were recorded in thermomagnetic experiments.Paleomagnetic analysis generally indicated the presence of a single component (mainly in the Mashavera sequence), but also two more or less superimposed components in some other cases. In 21 sites a characteristic component could be determined and all except one were characterised by normal-polarity directions. Flows from the Mashavera sequence had a rather steep inclination (73.1°). Nevertheless, a mean paleomagnetic direction of all four sequences is obtained (D = 8.5°, I = 60.8°, N = 4, ?95 = 11.7°, k = 62.7) which agrees with the Plio-Quaternary directions obtained in previous studies in Georgia. The paleomagnetic pole obtained (latitude ? = 82.1°, longitude ? = 118.2°, A95 = 8.0°, k = 240.7) agrees with the pole values of both the 0 Ma and the 5 Ma windows of the synthetic Eurasian polar wander path from Besse and Courtillot (2002). In order to analyse the behaviour of secular variation, the scatter of paleosecular variation of virtual geomagnetic poles of both the Mashavera flow and all 18 studied flows of Pleistocene age was calculated. It could be observed that both data-sets seem to fit well the expected scatter at latitude 41°N.Paleointensity experiments were carried out with the Coe modification of the Thellier method. Twenty-five out of 84 samples (30%) provided reliable paleointensity results. These successful results were mainly obtained in the Mashavera sequence. Most flows yielded paleointensity results in the 30-45 ?T range, in accordance with expected Pliocene to present day intensities. Two flows, however, located near the top of the Mashavera sequence yield high paleointensity values around 60 ?T. Anomalous paleointensity results in the upper-lying Mashavera flows together with the steep inclinations observed in that sequence, could perhaps signal the near onset of the Olduvai-Matuyama reversal.

Calvo-Rathert, Manuel; Goguitchaichvili, Avto; Bógalo, María-Felicidad; Vegas-Tubía, Néstor; Carrancho, Ángel; Sologashvili, Jemal

2011-08-01

134

Gerontology research in Georgia.  

PubMed

Gerontology research carried out in different scientific centers of Georgia follows the basic directions of most work in this field: epidemiology, investigation of the mechanisms of aging, and finding ways to prevent senile pathologies and to prolong life. The genealogy and epidemiology of long-living peaple have been studied in areas with high occurrence of these people by considering the sex ratio and social status of the long-living, the influence of environmental factors, and the development of senile pathologies. According to the centrosome (centriole) model of aging, the centrosomes and the cytoskeleton, important structures in cellular differentiation and morphogenesis, may be involved in the initiation of the replication senescence mechanism. Our analysis of genetic studies shows that progressive chromosome heterochromatinization (condensation of eu- and heterochromatin regions) occurs in aging. Decreases in the repair processes and increases in the frequency of chromosome aberrations during aging are secondary to this progressive chromosome heterochromatinization. Chromosome heterochromatinization is a key factor in aging but may be reversible under the influence of bioregulators, some chemical substances, and heavy metal salts. The study of chromosome heterochromatinization may provide clues to the potential for prolonging the human lifespan. PMID:20480236

Lezhava, Teimuraz; Monaselidze, Jamlet; Jokhadze, Tina; Kakauridze, Nona; Khodeli, Nodar; Rogava, Mamanti; Bochorishvili, Tamara; Gorgoshidze, Maia; Khachidze, Dato; Lomidze, Eteri; Tkemaladze, Jaba; Chichinadze, Kote; Koridze, Marina; Khukhuneishvili, Rusudan; Zosidze, Nato; Nagervadze, Marina; Buadze, Tamara; Gaiozishvili, Maia

2010-05-18

135

Population and Housing Study. Report Two: Synopsis. Chatham County, Savannah, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study is based on information from the Fourth Count Census Summary Tapes of the 1970 census of population. The synopsis is a general analysis of the geographic distribution of selected population and housing characteristics in the Savannah SMSA. These...

1973-01-01

136

Study to Restructure the Marketing Plan at Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Fort Gordon, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Graduate Management Project studies the current Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center (EAMC) Marketing Plan and determines its status. Since it is apparent that a marketing plan does not exist, the goal is to restructure data and information th...

S. D. Franco

1993-01-01

137

An Experiment in Autonomy: Secondary School Television Use in Two Coastal Georgia Schools.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two high schools in the coastal Georgia area, serviced by a local television broadcasting station, participated in a pilot study for the Regional Instructional Television Project initiated by the Georgia State Board of Education. The Project's overall obj...

R. Haugh N. M. Neubert

1977-01-01

138

Integration of Education, Research, and Industry Collaboration: A Case Study of Georgia Tech's Packaging Research Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

University-based research centers often have integrated research, education, and industry collaboration objectives that challenge the traditional academic culture and structure. The Packaging Research Center (PRC), the National Science Foundation, and industry partners jointl y developed a collaboration strategy to cooperatively advance the next-generation technologies, educate the next-generation of engineers, and transfer both to industry. This paper is a case study

Carl A. Rust; Leyla Conrad; Rao R. Tummala

139

The best MSW treatment option by considering greenhouse gas emissions reduction: a case study in Georgia.  

PubMed

The grave concern over climate change and new economic incentives such as the clean development mechanism (CDM) have given more weight to the potential of projects for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the Adjara solid waste management project, even though the need for reductions in GHG emissions is acknowledged, it is not one of the key factors for selecting the most appropriate treatment method. This study addresses the benefit of various solid waste treatment methods that could be used in the Adjara project in terms of reducing GHG emissions. Seven different options for solid waste treatment are examined: open dumping as the baseline case, four options for landfill technology (no provision of landfill gas capture, landfill gas capture with open flare system, with enclosed flare system and with electricity generation), composting and anaerobic digestion with electricity production. CDM methodologies were used to quantify the amount of reductions for the scenarios. The study concludes sanitary landfill with capture and burning of landfill gas by an enclosed flare system could satisfy the requirements, including GHG reduction potential. The findings were tested for uncertainty and sensitivity by varying the data on composition and amount of waste and were found to be robust. PMID:21382876

Tayyeba, Omid; Olsson, Monika; Brandt, Nils

2011-03-07

140

Block scheduling and science education: A case study of structure and culture in a rural Georgia high school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to contribute to the documentation and analysis of the effects of block scheduling on science education. The foundation of this case study is the ongoing innovation program called the Block-8 Schedule at a rural Georgia High School. The research extended from 1994 through 1998, allowing the collection of data during the planning and early implementation of the program. The effects of the program that are related to science education are interpreted in the context of the entire school restructuring effort. The program was developed by the faculty of the school to meet the identified needs for scheduling and innovative instruction. The result was an alternating day block schedule that was supported by inservice prior to and during the implementation. The program was also supported by efforts of the leadership team, the school's version of shared school governance. The result was a program that was well received by the staff, students, and community. After four years, satisfaction was still evident. Gains in student achievement were moderate. Findings indicate that the success realized by the program were related to the structural and cultural support provided by the school. Changes in science instruction particularly benefited from the extended ninety minute classes. The changes that occurred in the science classrooms were consistent with the goals of the national science standards. Although the gains in achievement were small to moderate, the methods used in teaching were compatible with the teaching standards of National Science Education Standards. The need for finding a fit between the goals of a reform effort and the culture and structure of the school has been overlooked in much of the science reform movement. This local reform, The Block-8 Schedule, which took into account the existing culture and structure of the school, provides a model on which other efforts at implementing science education reform could be based. This reform effort involved the entire school in restructuring time and instruction. The process was supported by the existing school culture. As the new structure became established it then promoted cultural changes in the ways that teachers taught.

Jordan, Miriam Mcelheney

141

USE OF THE INTERNET IN GEORGIA'S AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this study was to determine the use of the Internet in Georgia's Agricultural Education Programs, which included looking at the factors that would encourage use of the Internet and at the demographic and school-related characteristics of these educators. This was a descriptive study of attitudes and perceptions of teachers of agriculture in Georgia. It was based

Joseph D. Peckham; Maynard J. Iverson

142

Dual Enrollment in Georgia's High Schools and Technical Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Georgia conducted a multiphase, mixed methods study over three years (2003-2006) to determine whether credit-based transition programs facilitate college access and success for students who participate in them. The study, conducted in collaboration with, and funding from, the Technical College System of Georgia (TCSG) and with cooperation from…

Lynch, Richard; Hill, Frieda

2008-01-01

143

Curious Georgia Studies Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|District and school administrators are challenged to provide learning environments that help students attain and surpass set levels of academic and social learning. In times of economic strife, discussions often turn to the efficient use of financial and human resources to maximize school districts' capacity to fulfill those objectives. Most…

Rolle, Anthony; Houck, Eric A.

2007-01-01

144

Physical Environment and Student Safety in South Georgia Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The preservation of school safety should be a primary commitment of all educators. This paper presents findings of a study that examined school facility safety in 27 Georgia schools. Data were gathered from a survey of 9 elementary, 11 middle, and 7 high schools in south Georgia. The surveys elicited information related to both school-site safety…

Chan, Tak Cheung; Morgan, P. Lena

145

National Observatory Report on Vocational Education and Training in Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The state of vocational education and training (VET) in the Georgia Republic in 1999-2000 was examined. The study focused on the following topics: (1) the socioeconomic context of VET; (2) Georgia's labor market (the current labor market situation, employment, unemployment); (3) management of VET (legislation and policy, responsible bodies,…

Glonti, Kote; Ejibadze, A.; Nanobashvili, K.; Mickaia, L.; Natsvlishvili, E.; Imedashvili, M.; Mikeladze, A.

146

Georgia's Unusual "Electoral College"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports a unique partnership between Kennesaw State University and the Georgia state government involving the participation of computer experts in the deployment or electronic voting machines. The effort has received attention in Washington as scientists and government officials search for ways to reform election procedures across…

Foster, Andrea L.

2007-01-01

147

South Georgia Autograph Parties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manager of the South Georgia College Bookstore describes several autograph parties used as a sales promotion technique. The planning process, including initial contacts with the guest authors, are discussed, and the schedules and events of the authors' visits are reviewed. (JMD)

Womack, Geneva H.

1978-01-01

148

A Profile of Tort Litigation in Georgia and Reflections on Tort Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fact-based studies of tort litigation in Georgia are almost nonexistent. Georgia is one of many states that does not provide the NCSC with any information regarding tort litigation patterns. Georgia does not provide such information because it is not compiled. It is not compiled because these data are not systematically maintained by local courts and reported to the Administrative Office

Thomas A. Eaton; Susette M. Talarico

1996-01-01

149

An Evaluation of Lottery Expenditures for Public School Safety in Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1994, approximately $20 million of Georgia Lottery for Education funds were spent to make schools safer. This report presents the results of an evaluation of Georgia Lottery for Education expenditures for technologies related to school safety. The study evaluated the safety technology at 15 Georgia public schools. Data were gathered through…

Todd, Knox H.; Kellermann, Arthur L.; Wald, Marlena; Lipscomb, Leslie; Fajman, Nancy

150

Association of fasting serum insulin and fasting serum glucose levels with cognitive impairment in Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians.  

PubMed

In this study, we examined the association of fasting serum insulin (FSI) and fasting serum glucose (FSG) with cognitive impairment in the very elderly using a sample of Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians. This study used data from a survey that was conducted in 2005 on all residents aged 90 years or more in a district with 2,311,709 inhabitants. FSG, FSI, and cognitive function were analyzed. The sample included 661 unrelated Chinese individuals (aged 90-108 years; mean, 93.52?±?3.37 years; 67.17 % women; FSI, 6.27?±?2.27 mU/mL; FSG levels, 4.46?±?1.45 mmol/L). The prevalence of cognitive impairment was 61.81 % and that of hypoinsulinemia was 31.92 %. Individuals with hypoinsulinemia showed lower cognitive function scores (14.81?±?5.79 vs. 15.78?±?5.24, t?=?2.160, P?=?0.031). No differences in cognitive function score between different FSI and FSG groups were significant, and no differences in FSI and FSG between individuals with and without cognitive impairment were statistically significant. Unadjusted multiple logistic regressions showed that hypoinsulinemia, impaired fasting glucose, or diabetes did not change the risk of cognitive impairment significantly. In summary, we found that in elderly subjects, cognitive function appeared associated with FSI, and higher FSI may be associated with enhanced cognitive function. PMID:23756707

Yan-Ling, Zhang; Chang-Quan, Huang; Li, Yong; Bi-Rong, Dong

2013-06-12

151

Raw data from orientation studies in crystalline rock areas of the southeastern United States. [Maps, tables of field data and analytical data for sections of North and South Carolina and Georgia, previously reported sites of uranium mineralization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Raw data are presented on orientation studies conducted in crystalline rock areas of the Southeast which were chosen because of published references to uranium mineralization. Preliminary data for four orientation study areas are included. These areas are Lamar County, Georgia; Oconee County, South Carolina; Brush Creek, North Carolina; and North Harper, North Carolina. Sample locality maps, tables of field data,

1976-01-01

152

Georgia Tech: Microelectronics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Microelectronics Research Center of Georgia Tech is "to facilitate research on a variety of new materials, device structures, and micro-electromechanical systems." The group has established a silicon CMOS processing baseline and a procedure for equipment and processing training, which it calls the Platform. The Center makes the Platform available to the Georgia Tech community and to other research communities worldwide. The components of the Platform, which include baselines, research, people, training and services, are described on this website. The Documents section includes information on the equipment as well as recipes and seminar notes, which are free to download. Some sections of the website are only accessible to group members.

153

Community Types and Mortality in Georgia Counties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using an "ecological regional analysis" methodology for defining types of communities and their associated mortality rates, this study of Georgia's 159 counties finds that the suburban and town centered counties have low mortality while the city-centered type predicts low mortality for the whites. The military-centered counties do not predict.…

Young, Frank W.

2012-01-01

154

Educational Barriers for New Latinos in Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent influx of Latinos to new destinations in the Southeast offers a unique opportunity to explore educational outcomes in emerging gateway states. This study utilizes qualitative methods to predict future educational outcomes for Latinos in Georgia. Six primary barriers to Latino educational attainment were uncovered: (a) lack of…

Bohon, Stephanie A.; MacPherson, Heather; Atiles, Jorge H.

2005-01-01

155

MODELING MERCURY FATE IN SEVEN GEORGIA WATERSHEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Field and modeling studies were conducted in support of total maximum daily loads (TMDLs)for mercury in six south Georgia rivers and the Savannah River. Mercury is introduced to these rivers primarily by atmospheric deposition, with minor point source loadings. To produce mercu...

156

New acoustic test facility at Georgia Tech  

Microsoft Academic Search

Georgia Tech's Integrated Acoustics Laboratory (IAL) is a state of the art research facility dedicated to the study of acoustics and vibration. The centerpiece of the laboratory is a 24 ft x24 ft x20 ft full anechoic chamber, which has been in operation since 1998. The IAL is currently expanding to include a reverberation room and hemi-anechoic chamber, designed and

Van Biesel; Kenneth Cunefare

2002-01-01

157

Institutional Research in Georgia Junior Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Questionnaires were sent to the Academic Deans of all two-year colleges in Georgia in order to obtain information on the status of institutional research in those institutions. Responses were received from all 17 of the public junior colleges and from all but three of the eight private junior colleges. Results of the study indicated: (1) 14% of…

Davis, Cynthia L.; Sparks, June R.

158

It is not known the impact or implications of a study skills class and its effect on high school students in relation to performance on math and science Georgia High School Graduation Test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Georgia State Board of Education has put in place requirements that high school students must meet in order to advance to a higher grade level and to achieve credits for graduation. Georgia requires all ninth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth graders to take an end-of-course test after completing class time for academic core subjects. The student's final grade in the end-of-course test course will be calculated using the course grade as 85% and the end-of-course test score as 15%. The student must have a final course grade of 70 or above to pass the course and to earn credit toward graduation. Students in Georgia are required to take the Georgia High School Graduation Test. The tests consist of five parts, writing, math, science, social studies and language arts. Students must make a minimum score of 500 which indicates the student was proficient in mastering the objectives for that particular section of the test. Not all students finish high school in four years due to obstacles that occur. Tutorial sessions are provided for those that wish to participate. High schools may offer study skills classes for students that need extra help in focusing their attention on academic courses. Study skill courses provide the student with techniques that he or she may find useful in organizing thoughts and procedures that direct the student towards success.

Smith, Mary E.

159

What does it feel like to be 100? Socio-emotional aspects of well-being in the stories of 16 Centenarians living in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The purpose of this article was to describe socio-emotional themes in the stories of 16 Centenarians living in the United Kingdom. Methodology: Sixteen Centenarians were recruited and interviewed face-to-face by members of the research team. Participants were invited to tell the story of their lives in line with the principles of participatory action research (Koch and Kralik, 2006). The

Nimmi Hutnik; Pam Smith; Tina Koch

2012-01-01

160

Implementation of drug substitution therapy in Georgia.  

PubMed

The geopolitical uniqueness of the regional, socioeconomic situation and the existence of territories outside the control of the national government have facilitated the spread of drug use in Georgia. A special problem is injection of opiates, in particular heroin and Subutex (buprenorphine). It has been established that among registered HIV infected individuals the main route of transmission is injecting drug use. Although the prevalence of HIV among IDUs (injecting drug user) is only 1-3%, the high number of IDUs, and the high prevalence of hepatitis C in this population creates high risk of dramatic spread of HIV in Georgia. Beginning at the end of 2005, the GFATM (Global Fund against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria) supported methadone substitution programmes in Georgia. At present, three programmes are functioning. At the same time, they involve 230 patients altogether. The studies carried out by the Research Institute on Addiction, with the aim to control the efficacy of pilot programmes have revealed a dramatic improvement of psychophysical state of patients, with very high rate of resocialization and decriminalization, significant diminishment of drug-related risky behaviour. Obtained results indicate high efficiency of methadone substitution programmes in Georgia, as an important tool both for treatment of opioid dependence and harm reduction. In order to obtain a more significant impact on public health substitution therapy programmes have to be further expanded. PMID:18935776

Todadze, Khatuna; Lezhava, Gela

2008-09-01

161

Field Investigation of Saltwater Intrusion Cumberland Sound, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A field investigation of saltwater intrusion into the shallow aquifers of Cumberland Island, the southernmost barrier island on the coast of Georgia, was conducted. the study focused on the Pliocene-Miocene confined aquifer. The aquifer is principally com...

J. B. Mack

1994-01-01

162

Droughts in Georgia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Droughts do not have the immediate effects of floods, but sustained droughts can cause economic stress throughout the State. The word 'drought' has various meanings, depending on a person's perspective. To a farmer, a drought is a period of moisture deficiency that affects the crops under cultivation - even two weeks without rainfall can stress many crops during certain periods of the growing cycle. To a meteorologist, a drought is a prolonged period when precipitation is less than normal. To a water manager, a drought is a deficiency in water supply that affects water availability and water quality. To a hydrologist, a drought is an extended period of decreased precipitation and streamflow. Droughts in Georgia have severely affected municipal and industrial water supplies, agriculture, stream water quality, recreation at major reservoirs, hydropower generation, navigation, and forest resources. In Georgia, droughts have been documented at U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamflow gaging stations since the 1890's. From 1910 to 1940, about 20 streamflow gaging stations were in operation. Since the early 1950's through the late 1980's, about 100 streamflow gaging stations were in operation. Currently (2000), the USGS streamflow gaging network consists of more than 135 continuous-recording gages. Ground-water levels are currently monitored at 165 wells equipped with continuous recorders.

Barber, Nancy L.; Stamey, Timothy C.

2000-01-01

163

Current and Future Forecasts of Service Use and Expenditures of Medicaid-Eligible Schizophrenia Patients in the State of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study linked all claims data for reimbursable medical services and drugs of a cohort of 16,227 Medicaid-eligible recipients diagnosed with schizophrenia residing in the State of Georgia, with the treatment history file and Hospital Medical Information System file of each of the ten Georgia State psychiatric hospitals (Georgia Department of Human Resources [DHR]), which do not routinely bill Medicaid

L. Stephen Miller; Bradley C. Martin

2004-01-01

164

Influence of f-MLP, ACTH(1–24) and CRH on in vitro Chemotaxis of Monocytes from Centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The lifelong exposure to a variety of stressors activates a plethora of defense mechanisms, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis which releases neuropeptides affecting the immune responses. Here, we report data on the capability of monocytes from young subjects and centenarians to migrate towards chemotactic stimuli (formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine, f-MLP; adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH, and corticotrophin-releasing hormone, CRH). Plasma levels of ACTH, CRH and

Susanna Genedani; Monica Filaferro; Chiara Carone; Rita Ostan; Laura Bucci; Elisa Cevenini; Claudio Franceschi; Daniela Monti

2008-01-01

165

Use of medications by people with chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy persons: a population-based study of fatiguing illness in Georgia  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating condition of unknown etiology and no definitive pharmacotherapy. Patients are usually prescribed symptomatic treatment or self-medicate. We evaluated prescription and non-prescription drug use among persons with CFS in Georgia and compared it to that in non-fatigued Well controls and also to chronically Unwell individuals not fully meeting criteria for CFS. Methods A population-based, case-control study. To identify persons with possible CFS-like illness and controls, we conducted a random-digit dialing telephone screening of 19,807 Georgia residents, followed by a detailed telephone interview of 5,630 to identify subjects with CFS-like illness, other chronically Unwell, and Well subjects. All those with CFS-like illness (n = 469), a random sample of chronically Unwell subjects (n = 505), and Well individuals (n = 641) who were age-, sex-, race-, and geographically matched to those with CFS-like illness were invited for a clinical evaluation and 783 participated (48% overall response rate). Clinical evaluation identified 113 persons with CFS, 264 Unwell subjects with insufficient symptoms for CFS (named ISF), and 124 Well controls; the remaining 280 subjects had exclusionary medical or psychiatric conditions, and 2 subjects could not be classified. Subjects were asked to bring all medications taken in the past 2 weeks to the clinic where a research nurse viewed and recorded the name and the dose of each medication. Results More than 90% of persons with CFS used at least one drug or supplement within the preceding two weeks. Among users, people with CFS used an average of 5.8 drugs or supplements, compared to 4.1 by ISF and 3.7 by Well controls. Persons with CFS were significantly more likely to use antidepressants, sedatives, muscle relaxants, and anti-acids than either Well controls or the ISF group. In addition, persons with CFS were significantly more likely to use pain-relievers, anti-histamines and cold/sinus medications than were Well controls. Conclusion Medical care providers of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome should be aware of polypharmacy as a problem in such patients, and the related potential iatrogenic effects and drug interactions.

Boneva, Roumiana S; Lin, Jin-Mann S; Maloney, Elizabeth M; Jones, James F; Reeves, William C

2009-01-01

166

Cesium-137 levels detected in Georgia otters  

SciTech Connect

Beginning in the 1940's and continuing through the 50's and early 60's, nuclear devices were tested by aerial detonation in the United States and other countries around the world. Cesium-137 (/sup 137/Cs) is one of the most important radionuclide by-products due to its abundance and slow decay (30-year half-life). The uptake of /sup 137/Cs in animal tissue is the result of its similarity to potassium. The somatic and genetic effects of /sup 137/Cs, along with its effect on reproductive cells, can pose great hazards to wildlife species. A reported buildup of /sup 137/Cs in white-tailed deer in the lower coastal plain of Georgia during the 1960's was followed by a gradual decline during the 1970's. Although numerous studies have involved terrestrial mammals of Georgia, few have involved aquatic mammals such as the river otter. With continued atmospheric testing by some foreign countries and the increased use of nuclear power as an energy source, there is a need for continued monitoring of radionuclides in wildlife to ascertain the quality of the environment. This study was initiated as part of an overall study of environmental pollutants in the river otter of Georgia and deals with analysis of the /sup 137/Cs accumulations in this species.

Halbrook, R.S.; Jenkins, J.H.

1988-11-01

167

Ground-water data for Georgia, 1985  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Continuous water level records from 146 wells and water level measurements from an additional 1,100 wells in Georgia during 1985 provide the basic data for this report. Hydrographs for selected wells illustrate the effects that changes in recharge and discharge have had on the groundwater reservoirs in the State. Daily mean water levels are shown in hydrographs for 1985. Monthly mean water levels are shown for the 10-year period 1976-86. During 1985, annual mean water levels were generally lower than in 1984, and ranged from 11.4 feet lower to 0.6 feet higher. Much of the decline can be attributed to below-normal precipitation from mid-1984 to mid-1985. Water quality samples also are collected periodically throughout Georgia and analyzed as part of areal and regional groundwater studies. Along the coast, the chloride concentration in the Floridan aquifer system generally remained stable in the Savannah and Brunswick areas. (USGS)

Clarke, J. S.; Joiner, C. N.; Longsworth, S. A.; McFadden, K. W.; Peck, M. F.

1986-01-01

168

Ground-water data for Georgia, 1983  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Continuous water-level records from 134 wells and more than 700 water-level measurements made in Georgia during 1983 provide the basic data for this report. Selected wells illustrate the effects that changes in recharge and pumping have had on the various ground-water resources in the State. Daily mean water levels are shown in hydrographs for 1983. Monthly means are shown for the 10-year period 1974-83. Mean annual water levels ranged from 9 feet higher to 6 feet lower in 1983 than in 1982. Water-quality samples are collected periodically throughout Georgia and analyzed as part of areal and regional ground-water studies. Along the coast, chloride concentrations in the upper and lower water-bearing zones of the Floridan aquifer system generally remained steady in the Brunswick and Hilton Head Island areas. (USGS)

Clarke, J. S.; Peck, M. F.; Longsworth, S. A.; McFadden, K. W.

1984-01-01

169

Ground-water data for Georgia, 1984  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Continuous water-level records from 155 wells and more than 800 water-level measurements made in Georgia during 1984 provide the basic data for this report. Selected wells illustrate the effects that changes in recharge and pumping have had on the various ground-water resources in the State. Daily mean water levels are shown in hydrographs for 1984. Monthly means are shown for the 10-year period 1975-84. Mean annual water levels ranged from 7 feet lower to 7 feet higher in 1984 than in 1983. Water-quality samples are collected periodically throughout Georgia and analyzed as part of a real and regional ground-water studies. Along the coast, chloride concentrations in the Floridan aquifer system generally remained steady. (USGS)

Clarke, J. S.; Longsworth, S. A.; McFadden, K. W.; Peck, M. F.

1985-01-01

170

Biogeochemical cycling in the Strait of Georgia.  

PubMed

The papers in this special issue present the results of a five-year project to study sedimentary biogeochemical processes in the Strait of Georgia, with special emphasis on the near-field of a large municipal outfall. Included in this special issue are overviews of the sedimentology, benthic biology, status of siliceous sponge reefs and distribution of organic carbon in the water column. Other papers address the cycling of contaminants (PCBs, PBDEs) and redox metals in the sediment, a method to map the extent of the influence of municipal effluent from staining on benthic bivalves, and the relationships among geochemical conditions and benthic abundance and diversity. The latter set of papers addresses the role of municipal effluent as a pathway of organic carbon and other contaminants into the Strait of Georgia and the effect of the effluent on benthic geochemistry and biology. PMID:19022498

Johannessen, S C; Macdonald, R W; Burd, B; van Roodselaar, A

2008-10-11

171

Marketing and advertising practices of Turkish entrepreneurs in transition economies: Evidence from Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a transition economy, Georgia has an uncertain, complex, and immature business environment, typical of transition economies\\u000a in the Eurasian region. In an effort to provide insights into marketing and advertising practices in the Eurasian transition\\u000a economies, this study empirically examines the marketing and advertising practices in Georgia through two surveys conducted\\u000a with Turkish entrepreneurs in Georgia and Georgian consumers.

Erdener Kaynak; Ali Riza Apil; Serkan Yalcin

2009-01-01

172

Georgia mental health country profile.  

PubMed

This article is on the mental health of the population of Georgia describing context and mental health needs, extrinsic and intrinsic influences on mental health in the country, and health and social services for people with mental health problems and mental illnesses. The mental health profile of Georgia has been compiled with the help of an instrument developed by the International Consortium on Mental Health. Georgia is one of the former republics of the USSR with a population of about 4.5 million people. Political, social and economic changes have led to wide scale social stress in Georgia in recent years and to related psychosocial and behavioural problems. Difficult economic conditions and internal displacement are thought to be key contributory factors to the three-fold increase in suicide experienced during the decade following independence. Georgia has produced a written mental health policy. However, its implementation is hampered by the lack of resources, training and community awareness. The Government has passed a Mental Health Act, but this is also ineffective at present due to a lack of staff, financing and appropriate facilities. PMID:15276943

Sharashidze, Manana; Naneishvili, George; Silagadze, Temuri; Begiashvili, Archil; Sulaberidze, Beso; Beria, Zurab

173

Zooplankton stable isotopes as integrators of bottom-up variability in coastal margins: A case study from the Strait of Georgia and adjacent coastal regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We correlate zooplankton stable isotopes and environmental variables in coastal margins.In the Strait of Georgia, isotopes are correlated with chlorophyll and zooplankton biomass in the spring.On the west coast of Vancouver Island ?15N is correlated with temperature.Interannual variability in zooplankton isotopes reflects oceanographic conditions.Zooplankton isotopes can potentially link environmental conditions and higher trophic levels.

El-Sabaawi, Rana; Trudel, Marc; Mazumder, Asit

2013-08-01

174

Nursing in Georgia 1975. A Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nursing needs, resources, and educational patterns are examined in a 1975 report by Georgia's Statewide Master Planning Committee for Nursing and Nursing Education. The registered nurse population in Georgia is defined, based on a profile of health care p...

1975-01-01

175

Effect of diet and red wine consumption on serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate (DHEAS) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in Italian centenarians.  

PubMed

The traditional mediterranean diet is associated with a hope for longer survival. It has also been shown that the red wine possesses a protective effect against the oxidative stress. We studied TAC, the DHEAS and the IGF-1 in a group of 26 healthy centenarians, 17 women and 9 men, of the age range of 100--105 years. Furthermore, we analyzed also serum urate and bilirubin levels between drinkers and abstainers. Most of centenarian subjects have been moderate wine consumers (<500 ml/day of red wine). These subjects were subdivided as follows: (i) Group A: those who had maintained the style of their dietary habits as compared to the previous years (n=3 males, 10 females); (ii) Group B: those who actually consumed a diet being deficient compared to that of the previous years, but remained moderate drinkers of red wine (n=3 males, 4 females); and (iii) Group C: those who actually consumed a diet being deficient compared to that of the previous years, and at the same time, were abstainers in wine consumption (n=3 males, 3 females). The results show that in men three of the studied parameters decreased from Group A to C to considerable extents, as follows (mean+/-S.D.). TAC: 302.4+/-32.3; 142.0+/-24.1 and 96.4+/-20.1 micromol/l; DHEAS: 3.35+/-0.81; 2.52+/-0.18 and 1.34+/-0.14 micromol/l; IGF-1: 85.7+/-6.7; 76.6+/-6.7 and 65.6+/-2.6 ng/ml, respectively. For the same parameters, the results in the women were: TAC: 258.4+/-12.2; 182.1+/-14.0 and 107.6+/-10.0 micromol/l; DHEAS: 3.85+/-0.16; 2.34+/-0.19 and 2.05+/-0.04 micromol/l; IGF-1: 89.7+/-6.7; 76.6+/-4.7 and 64.2+/-2.7 ng/ml, respectively. We did not find any significant difference in the other serum parameters between drinkers (n=14) and abstainers (n=3) (urate: 267.6+/-52.9, and 289.5+/-80.1; bilirubin: 9.81+/-4.29 and 7.18+/-2.89 micromol/l, respectively). Our data suggest that the deteriorated diet caused a reduction of TAC, DHEAS and IGF-1 in the centenarians. However, red vine consumption exerted a protective effect against this trend, even if this protection is not reaching statistical significance in some cases (in men), which is due most probably to the lower number of male subjects in the study. PMID:16085066

Antonini, F M; Petruzzi, E; Pinzani, P; Orlando, C; Petruzzi, I; Pazzagli, M; Masotti, G

2005-04-18

176

The Advanced Academy of Georgia: Four Years as a Residential Early-College-Entrance Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study discusses goals and objectives of the Advanced Academy of Georgia at the State University of West Georgia, a residential early-college-entrance program for gifted juniors and seniors. Included is a comprehensive progress report, entering SAT scores, student academic performance, retention rates, and scores on the Dimensions of…

Sethna, Beheruz N.; Wickstrom, Clifton D.; Boothe, Diane; Stanley, Julian C.

2001-01-01

177

African American Women's Dress in Georgia, 1890-1914 A Photographic Examination  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the types of clothing worn by African American women living in the state of Georgia between 1890 and 1914. The researchers used historical photographs as primary sources to document clothing. The photographs are located in three collections: Spelman College, Atlanta University, and the Georgia Department of Archives and History. The clothing in each photograph was recorded and

Patricia K. Hunt; Lucy R. Sibley

1994-01-01

178

RELATING SPECIES RICHNESS, UPLAND COLDWATER FISH SPECIES, AND TEMPERATURE IN NORTH GEORGIA'S TROUT STREAMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Georgia legislature recently reduced the mandatory riparian buffer width on primary trout streams from 100 to 50 ft. To evaluate the potential effects of this policy change, the Trout Stream Buffer Study established 30 sites along primary trout streams in North Georgia. We investigated the relationships between fish diversity and temperature conditions. In 2001, fish population data were collected

Krista Jones; Geoffrey Poole; Judy Meyer

179

Hybrid-Empirical Ground Motion Models for Georgia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Estimation of reliable ground motions is vital for seismic hazard assessment and it is one of the main objectives of the EMME (Earthquake Model of the Middle East) project conducted in the Causasus region and the Middle East. In this study, we present our initial findings related to a potential ground motion model for Georgia. The ground motion data set includes about 393 records from the Southern Caucasus of which 276 records are from Georgia and the remaining ones from Armenia. Near-fault recordings are of earthquakes with magnitude Ml< 3.8, and 4<=Mw<=5.5 and most of these data are recorded at one or two stations. The strong-motion data are processed by the USDP software. Several distance metrics have been calculated for the derivation of ground-motion models. However, as the dataset is absolutely insufficient by itself to derive a ground motion model for Georgia, we use the hybrid-empirical method as proposed by Campbell (2003). In the host-to-target simulations, Turkey is used as the host region and Georgia as the target region. Ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs) for the Racha and Javakhety regions in Georgia are derived by scaling the pre-determined GMPEs based on the computed scaling coefficients.

Askan, A.; Akkar, S.; Tsereteli, N. S.; Ugurhan, B.

2011-12-01

180

The Negro in Revolutionary Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of pamphlets about the American Revolution in Georgia, this document explores the role of the black population during the Revolutionary War. Designed for junior and senior high school students, it can be used as supplementary reading or a one-week unit. A teacher's guide is included. Black life in the Revolutionary era, for both…

Hornsby, Alton, Jr.

181

Georgia Tech: Four Color Theorem  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by Robin Thomas at the Georgia Institute of Technology, this page describes the four color theorem of graph theory. The page gives a history of the four color problem, the reasoning and outline of the proof, as well as configurations, discharging rules, and pointers. The page is also highlighted with graphs and examples to help visitors understand the theorem.

Thomas, Robin, 1962-

1969-12-31

182

Georgia Tech Sonic Boom Simulator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To examine the building and human response to sonic boom in the range 3 Hz to 30 Hz, Georgia Institute of Technology is building a special acoustic driver system to simulate sonic boom. To support the NASA LaRC program on building and human response, this...

K. K. Ahuja

1992-01-01

183

Use of medications by people with chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy persons: a population-based study of fatiguing illness in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating condition of unknown etiology and no definitive pharmacotherapy. Patients are usually prescribed symptomatic treatment or self-medicate. We evaluated prescription and non-prescription drug use among persons with CFS in Georgia and compared it to that in non-fatigued Well controls and also to chronically Unwell individuals not fully meeting criteria for CFS. METHODS: A

Roumiana S Boneva; Jin-Mann S Lin; Elizabeth M Maloney; James F Jones; William C Reeves

2009-01-01

184

Outcomes of Universal Access to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in Georgia  

PubMed Central

Since 2004, Georgia achieved universal access to free antiretroviral therapy (ART). A retrospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the outcomes of Georgia's ART program. The study included adult patients enrolled in the ART program from 2004 through 2009. Of 752 patients, 76% were men, 60% were injection drug users (IDU), 59% had a history of an AIDS-defining illness, and 53% were coinfected with hepatitis C. The median baseline CD4 cell count was 141?cells/mm3. During followup, 152 (20%) patients died, with the majority of deaths occurring within 12 months of ART initiation. Mortality was associated with advanced immunodeficiency or the presence of incurable disease at baseline. Among patients remaining on treatment, the median CD4 gain was 216?cell/mm3 and 86% of patients had viral load <400 copies/ml at the last clinical visit. The Georgia ART program has been successful in treating injection drug users infected with HIV.

Tsertsvadze, Tengiz; Chkhartishvili, Nikoloz; Sharvadze, Lali; Dvali, Natia; Chokoshvili, Otar; Gabunia, Pati; Abutidze, Akaki; Nelson, Kenrad; DeHovitz, Jack; del Rio, Carlos

2011-01-01

185

Feasibility study of social media to reduce intimate partner violence among gay men in metro atlanta, georgia.  

PubMed

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a major public health issue occurring in the United States and globally. While little is known in general about IPV, understanding about the prevalence of physical IPV among gay men is even more obscure. There is a clear disparity in violence research attention focused on this vulnerable segment of society. This cross-sectional survey study was conducted to examine the feasibility of enrolling 100 gay men from Atlanta into an IPV survey study. The survey was administered via Facebook. Ninety-nine usable surveys were collected. Chi-square tests reveal that minority ethnic status, illicit drug use, and non-disclosed orientation status were all significantly associated with positive IPV reports--in terms of both victimization as well as perpetration. Overall, the majority of the study sample indicated that they believe IPV is a health problem in the Atlanta gay community. These findings bear importance for the Atlanta gay community and public health professionals who must address this nearly invisible yet increasing public health issue. PMID:22928060

Strasser, Sheryl M; Smith, Megan; Pendrick-Denney, Danielle; Boos-Beddington, Sarah; Chen, Ken; McCarty, Frances

2012-08-01

186

Feasibility Study of Social Media to Reduce Intimate Partner Violence Among Gay Men in Metro Atlanta, Georgia  

PubMed Central

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a major public health issue occurring in the United States and globally. While little is known in general about IPV, understanding about the prevalence of physical IPV among gay men is even more obscure. There is a clear disparity in violence research attention focused on this vulnerable segment of society. This cross-sectional survey study was conducted to examine the feasibility of enrolling 100 gay men from Atlanta into an IPV survey study. The survey was administered via Facebook. Ninety-nine usable surveys were collected. Chi-square tests reveal that minority ethnic status, illicit drug use, and non-disclosed orientation status were all significantly associated with positive IPV reports--in terms of both victimization as well as perpetration. Overall, the majority of the study sample indicated that they believe IPV is a health problem in the Atlanta gay community. These findings bear importance for the Atlanta gay community and public health professionals who must address this nearly invisible yet increasing public health issue.

Strasser, Sheryl M; Smith, Megan; Pendrick-Denney, Danielle; Boos-Beddington, Sarah; Chen, Ken; McCarty, Frances

2012-01-01

187

AN EVALUATION OF GEORGIA'S AGRICULTURE IN THE CLASSROOM PROGRAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine the effectiveness of GeorgiaGs Agriculture in the Classroom Program. The study was conducted using an experimental posttest only control group design. Sixteen classes of second grade students and twelve classes of fourth grade students participated in the study. A total of 598 subjects were included. An instrument consisting of multiple choice exams was designed for

Ray V. Herren; Pam Oakley

188

A Paleomagnetic and Rock-Magnetic Study in the Hominin Bearing Dmanisi Paleo- Anthropologic Site (Georgia, Caucasus)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Dmanisi site has yielded human remains and lithic industry associated with Late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene fauna. The site is composed of volcanogenic sediments overlying basaltic lava flows. The lithostratigraphic sequence comprises two basic depositional units, unit A, overlying the basalt flows and unit B on top. A paleomagnetic and rock-magnetic study has been carried out on specimens from units A and B and the underlying basalt flows. Rock-magnetic experiments include thermomagnetic curves, IRM acquisition and demagnetization and the measurement of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility. The lava and unit A provide normal polarities, while reversed polarities and anomalous directions of intermediate polarity are observed in unit B, the latter probably due to overlapping of a secondary and a primary reversed polarity component. The lower part of the section shows a clear correlation with the Olduvai subchron, and the upper levels could be as young as 1.07 M.a. As human remains were found both in units with normal and reversed polarity, different human occupations at different times might have been possible.

Calvo-Rathert, M.; Goguitchaichvili, A.; Sologashvili, D.; Villalain, J.; Bogalo, M.; Carrancho, A.; Maissuradze, G.

2008-05-01

189

Land Use Change and Ecosystem Valuation in North Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study seeks to forecast land use change in a North Georgia ecosystem, and estimate the economic value of the ecosystem using benefit transfer techniques. We forecast land use change based on a structural time series model and a simple growth rate model. The study suggests a lower bound willingness to pay value of about USD 16,000 per year to

Daniel Ngugi; Jeffrey D. Mullen; John C. Bergstrom

2009-01-01

190

OZONE PRODUCTION AND TRANSPORT IN THE ATLANTA, GEORGIA REGION  

EPA Science Inventory

The report presents the results from air quality monitoring program conducted in the Atlanta, Georgia region during July 1981. The study included data collected at several ground sites as well as airborne measurements using an instrumented aircraft. Study participants included Wa...

191

Lessons from the Georgia floods.  

PubMed Central

In July 1994, tropical storm Alberto brought heavy rains to parts of Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. In South Georgia, rivers rose 44 feet above flood stage, muddy water covered 10,000 square miles, and 31 lives were lost. In implementing the Health and Medical Services portion of the FEMA Federal Response Plan, the Public Health Service learned lessons from this experience that can be applied to planning for other natural disasters. Continuous reassessment to assure the best utilization of resources in rapidly changing conditions, cross-training in the content of emergency plans at all levels, and on-going face-to-face liaison among response managers will improve response efforts. Populations with special medical needs must become part of any response design. The effects that any response activity may have on the community as a whole should be carefully considered before action is taken. Images p685-a p687-a

Clinton, J J; Hagebak, B R; Sirmons, J G; Brennan, J A

1995-01-01

192

Georgia Tech sonic boom simulator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To examine the building and human response to sonic boom in the range 3 Hz to 30 Hz, Georgia Institute of Technology is building a special acoustic driver system to simulate sonic boom. To support the NASA LaRC program on building and human response, this simulator's capability has been extended to an upper frequency of 4 KHz. A residential test house was made available by Georgia Tech for these tests. At the time of preparation of this document, most of the acoustic drivers and the associated electronics have been built and assembled. The system has, however, not been fully tested. The following pages provide an overview of the progress to date. The acoustic driver systems, and the principle of their operation together with the test house are described. Future plans are also summarized.

Ahuja, Krish K.

1992-04-01

193

Changes in chemical and physical propertiesof stream water across an urban-rural gradient in western Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Middle Chattahoochee River Watershed in western Georgia is undergoing rapid urban development. Consequently, Georgia’s water quality is threatened by extensive development as well as other land uses such as grazing. Maintenance of stream water quality, as land development occurs, is critical for the protection of drinking water, biotic integrity, and stream morphology. A two-phase, watershed-scale study was established to

Jon E. Schoonover; B. Graeme Lockaby; Shufen Pan

2005-01-01

194

5. VIEW OF TIMBER PILES SUPPORTING GEORGIA DOT BRIDGE NO. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VIEW OF TIMBER PILES SUPPORTING GEORGIA DOT BRIDGE NO. 111-00060P-00020N - Georgia DOT Bridge No. 111-00060P-00020N, Georgia State Route 60 spur spanning Hempton Creek, Mineral Bluff, Fannin County, GA

195

77 FR 67639 - Liberty Energy (Georgia) Corp.; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. CP13-10-000] Liberty Energy (Georgia) Corp.; Notice of Application Take notice that on October 25, Liberty Energy (Georgia) Corp. (Liberty Georgia), 2845 Bristol Circle,...

2012-11-13

196

Violence Prevention in Georgia's Rural Public School Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

School superintendents in 60 public school systems in Georgia were surveyed to describe strategies being pursued to prevent school violence and promote a safe learning environment. Results from the present study were compared with results from a survey of superintendents conducted by one of the authors in 1995 to determine the extent of change in school violence prevention strategies. The

Chet Ballard; Lauren Brady

2007-01-01

197

Death Row Inmates: A Comparison of Georgia and Florida Profiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of inmates on death row in Georgia in 1983 was conducted and compared to a comparable examination carried out in Florida in 1977. The two populations were found to be strikingly similar, and they were demograph ically similar to death-row inmates in other states in 1983. National statistics on death-row prisoners show little demographic change since 1977. A

Julius Debro; Julian Roebuck; Komanduri Murty; Claude Mccann

1987-01-01

198

Existing Land Use Inventory and Analysis, Griffin, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Existing Land Use Study of Griffin, Georgia presents the acreage of each land use for the City and the nineteen planning areas. The existing land use is also analyzed and presented in summary form for the City and each of the planning areas. The domin...

W. C. Sinden

1973-01-01

199

University System of Georgia's eCore: Virtual General Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study reviews the emergence and evolution of eCore (the University System of Georgia's electronically delivered undergraduate core courses) over eight years and summarizes the issues, ongoing challenges, and lessons learned from interinstitutional collaboration in offering and administering a "virtual" shared core. The bulk of the…

Morris, Libby V.; Finnegan, Catherine L.

2009-01-01

200

IN-SERVICE DELIVERY: METHODS PREFERRED BY GEORGIA AGRICULTURE TEACHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural education teachers need to have opportunities to become students again in order to learn new skills and knowledge that will benefit their agricultural education programs. The purpose of this descriptive study was to survey agriculture teachers (N=348) in Georgia to determine their preferences for how in-service training should be delivered. Sixty one percent of the teachers (n=212) completed the

John Uesseler; John C. Ricketts; Dennis W. Duncan; Jason B. Peake

2006-01-01

201

Community and Institutional Correlates of Academic Achievement in Georgia Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study sought to determine the degree to which school and community factors influence mathematics and science achievement of public school students in Georgia. Of particular concern was identifying variables to assist educators, parents, and other child advocates in providing academic programs that are responsive to the needs of learners.…

Boggs, Olivia M.

202

South Georgia, Antarctica: a productive, cold water, pelagic ecosystem  

Microsoft Academic Search

The South Georgia region is characterised by high biomass and productivity of phyto- plankton, zooplankton and vertebrate predators. Important commercial fisheries have been based at the island since the late 1700s, initially exploiting seals and whales, and currently taking krill Euphausia superba and finfish. Despite studies dating from the beginning of the last century, the causes of the high productivity

A. Atkinson; M. J. Whitehouse; J. Priddle; G. C. Cripps; P. Ward; M. A. Brandon

2001-01-01

203

Student Retention and Graduation, University System of Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describing outcomes related to student retention and graduation in the University System of Georgia, this six-part report discusses definitions and assumptions pertaining to retention and compares success rates for black, white, developmental studies, and regularly-admitted freshmen students in USG senior and two-year colleges. Section 1 provides…

University System of Georgia, Atlanta. Office of Research and Planning.

204

National Environmental/Energy Workforce Assessment for Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents existing workforce levels, training programs and career potentials and develops staffing level projections (1976-1982) based on available information for the State of Georgia. The study concerns itself with the environmental pollution control areas of air, noise, potable water, pesticides, radiation, solid waste, wastewater,…

National Field Research Center Inc., Iowa City, IA.

205

Ground-water data for Georgia, 1986  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Continuous water level records from 152 wells and water level measurements from an additional 750 wells in Georgia during 1986 provide the basic data for this report. Hydrographs for selected wells illustrate the effects that changes in recharge and discharge have had on the groundwater reservoirs in the State. Daily mean water levels are shown in hydrographs for 1986. Monthly mean water levels are shown for the 10-yr period 1977-86. During 1986, a prolonged drought resulted in water level declines throughout the State. Annual mean water levels were from 2.7 ft higher to 17.3 ft lower than in 1985, and record lows were measured in 33 wells in the summer and fall. The 1986 lows were from 0.02 ft to 29.2 ft lower than the previous record lows. The largest declines were measured in the Clayton aquifer in the southwestern part of the State. The declines can be attributed to reduced recharge and increased pumping that resulted from below-normal precipitation during the first half of the year. Water quality samples are collected periodically throughout Georgia and analyzed as part of areal and regional groundwater studies. Periodic monitoring of water quality in the Savannah and Brunswick areas indicates that the chloride concentration in the Upper Floridan aquifer there generally has remained stable. (USGS)

Clarke, J. S.; Longsworth, S. A.; Joiner, C. N.; Peck, M. F.; McFadden, K. W.; Milby, B. J.

1987-01-01

206

Georgia's Non-Teaching Educator Workforce: A Profile of Administrative and Student Services Personnel in Georgia's Public School System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the current study, we direct attention to the often neglected composition of and trends among the non-teaching educator workforce in Georgia's public school system. The non-teaching educator workforce includes administrative and student services personnel. These groups of educators help set the stage on which teachers and students perform. Usually teachers and students alone are the focus of school reform

Winifred C. Nweke; Comfort Y. Afolabi; Endya B. Stewart; Cynthia E. Stephens

207

Cedar Creek at Cedartown, Georgia, floodflow characteristics from West Girard Avenue to the Georgia Avenue Relocation  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In cooperation with the Highway Division, Georgia Department of Transportation, the U.S. Geological Survey determined the backwater effects of existing bridges and dikes on Cedar Creek at Cedartown, Georgia, for the reach from West Girard Avenue to the Georgia Avenue relocation. The maximum backwater effect for the bridges was 1.7 feet in the upstream approach at the Seaboard Coastline Railroad bridge as a combined result of the Georgia Highway 278 bridge and the Seaboard Coastline Railroad bridge. The maximum effect from the existing dikes was 0.7 foot at the approach section of Georgia Highway 278.

Price, McGlone

1981-01-01

208

Democracy in Georgia Since the Rose Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Success for Georgia's nascent democracy would be a major success for the democracy-promotion efforts of the United States, which has hailed the democratization there since the Rose Revolution as a success even as concerns have been voiced by some observers regarding the pace and direction of this effort. The U.S. policy of unconditional support for Georgia's government and its disinterest

Lincoln A. Mitchell

2006-01-01

209

Fifteen Famous Supreme Court Cases from Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

John Inscoe, UGA professor of history and editor of the New Georgia Encyclopedia, invited Hosch Professor Dan T. Coenen to contribute a series of essays on the most significant U.S. Supreme Court cases that originated in the state of Georgia. This article, which proposes an unranked top 15 list, is built on this work.

Dan T. Coenen

2004-01-01

210

GEORGIA WATER RESOURCES: A COMPREHENSIVE LOOK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Action on the water front was relatively calm during the 2005-2006 Term of the Georgia General As- sembly. Compared to the previous term in which permit trading, interbasin transfers and water planning were among the most visible issues debated, there was less em- phasis on water-related legislation during this term. The creation of the Georgia Water Council and the effort

James E. Kundell

211

Georgia coast braces for G-8 whirlwind  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the G-8 Summit in June, representatives of the world’s leading economies—along with vast media coverage—will converge on an isolated barrier island off Georgia’s coast. Local leaders are hoping to capitalize on the publicity windfall while avoiding the strife that has marred some past summits.

anonymous

2004-01-01

212

Georgia After 3PM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each afternoon across the U.S., 15 million children are alone and unsupervised after school. The parents of 18 million would enroll their children in an afterschool program, if one were available. These are some of the key findings from the nation's most in-depth study of how America's children spend their afternoons. "America After 3PM" was…

Afterschool Alliance, 2009

2009-01-01

213

Developing Strategic Systems Supporting Communities of Practice in the Georgia Department of Transportation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study is designed to explore strategies through which the Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) can develop communities of practice to help employees facilitate critical exchanges of knowledge, support organizational learning, and ultimately ac...

G. Kingsley J. Knox-Hayes J. Rogers

2011-01-01

214

An Examination of the Economic Impact of Pollution Control Upon Georgia's Water-Using Industries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study used interviews of management personnel in 28 companies and of state and Federal water pollution control officials to assess the economic impact of existing water pollution control programs upon Georgia's large water-using industries including p...

W. G. Dodson R. B. Cassell

1973-01-01

215

Hospital Care in Southwest Georgia Problems and Opportunities. Volume I: Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Problems associated with the delivery of hospital services led the Southwest Georgia Health Systems Agency to explore what hospital planning options would best serve residents of the area. Five study objectives were to anticipate implications of apparent ...

F. D. Kennedy

1979-01-01

216

The Artesian System in Georgia. Stratigraphy and Hydrology of the Ocala.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report summarizes studies of rocks belonging to the Jackson Group in Southwestern Georgia (the Ocala Limestone). The stratigraphy of the Ocala is outlined. Field and laboratory work is documented including petrographic and stratigraphic analysis. Pale...

M. Rich E. A. Stanley

1969-01-01

217

Directional Analysis of SubAntarctic Climate Change on South Georgia 1905-2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Directional analysis has been used to study changes in the sub-polar climate of the mountainous and glacierised sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia (54-55°S, 36-38°W). Significantly for climate change studies, South Georgia lies in the Scotia Sea between polar and temperate latitudes, and approximately 1000 km northeast and downwind of the Antarctic Peninsula - one of the fastest-warming regions on Earth

Emma Jayne Sakamoto Ferranti; Maria Angeles Solera Garcia; Roger James Timmis; Paul Gerrard McKenna; James Duncan Whyatt

2010-01-01

218

Religious heritage and emerging tourism in the Republic of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief research note describes the current situation regarding religiously based heritage tourism and pilgrimage in Georgia. Heritage in Georgia is almost synonymous with religious heritage. Few countries in the world possess such an intensity of built religious patrimony in a small territory as the foundations of their heritage tourism sector as Georgia does. Georgia is already an increasingly popular

Marina Metreveli; Dallen J. Timothy

2010-01-01

219

Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in Bulloch County, Georgia.  

PubMed

An 18-mo study was conducted in Bulloch County, Georgia, to determine tick species composition, seasonal activity of individual tick species, and host-tick associations. The following 7 methods of tick collection were included: (1) live trapping of potential host animals, (2) checking wild game, (3) drag sampling, (4) carbon dioxide attraction, (5) checking livestock, road kills, nests, and burrows, (6) samples submitted from veterinarians, and (7) ticks collected by local residents and submitted for identification. Twelve tick species (Ixodidae) were identified. Blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say, and American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say), had the widest host ranges and were the most numerous. White-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann), supported 5 tick species, the greatest number on any host. Of 55 animal species examined, 16 mammal, 5 bird, and 3 reptile species were parasitized by ticks. Opossums, Didelphis virginiana Kerr, and cotton mice, Peromyscus gossypinus (LeConte), were the most commonly examined wild animals. PMID:8742526

Lavender, D R; Oliver, J H

1996-03-01

220

OVERFLOW ROADLESS AREA, GEORGIA AND NORTH CAROLINA.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Overflow Roadless Area in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Georgia and North Carolina is underlain by complexly folded schist and gneiss of Proterozoic age. A mineral-resource survey found little likelihood for the occurrence of mineral or energy resources in the area. Minor isolated localities of mica pegmatite and amethyst gemstone occur in the area. Gneiss and schist suitable for rock aggregate are present in large quantities, but similar rocks abound outside the area. Natural gas may possibly be present at great depth beneath the overthrust of the Blue Ridge. Further seismic studies and exploratory drilling are needed to evaluate the natural gas potential of this part of the Eastern Overthrust Belt.

Koeppen, Robert, P.; Davis, Michael, P.

1984-01-01

221

Blue Crab ( Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896) Settlement at Three Georgia (USA) Estuarine Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896, represents the second most important fishery for coastal Georgia; yet, little is known about environmental\\u000a forces that affect planktonic postlarval settlement in the region. Here, we describe a study to examine the physical mechanisms\\u000a responsible for blue crab settlement in the extensive salt marsh system of coastal Georgia. Bottom and surface samplers were

T. Dale Bishop; Harlan L. Miller; Randal L. Walker; Dorset H. Hurley; Theron Menken; Charles E. Tilburg

2010-01-01

222

State of Georgia: Preliminary Report (EPSDT).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Georgia State Department of Human Resources, Medical Assistance Program, administers the EPSDT program. Three divisions of the Department of Human Resources--Benefit Payments, Physical Health and Social Services--share responsibility for various aspec...

1976-01-01

223

Time to talk more Georgia, Less Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statehood and security: Georgia after the Rose Revolution \\/ Bruno Coppieters and Robert Legvold, editors. ? Cambridge, Mass.: American Academy of Arts and Sciences; MIT Press, c2005. ? xiii, 406 p. ? ISBN 0262033437. ? ISBN 026253276X (pbk.)

Anna Matveeva

2006-01-01

224

Virtual health care center in Georgia  

PubMed Central

Application of telemedicine systems to cover distant geographical areas has increased recently. However, the potential usefulness of similar systems for creation of national networks does not seem to be widely appreciated. The article describes the "Virtual Health Care Knowledge Center in Georgia" project. Its aim was the set up of an online integrated web-based platform to provide remote medical consultations and eLearning cycles. The project "Virtual Health Care Knowledge Center in Georgia" was the NATO Networking Infrastructure Grant dedicated for development of telemedicine in non-NATO countries. The project implemented a pilot to organize the creation of national eHealth network in Georgia and to promote the use of innovative telemedicine and eLearning services in the Georgian healthcare system. In June 2007 it was continued under the NATO Networking Infrastructure Grant "ePathology – Virtual Pathology Center in Georgia as the Continuation of Virtual Health Care Center".

Schrader, Thomas; Kldiashvili, Ekaterina

2008-01-01

225

Bioregional Planning in Central Georgia, USA.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Human influences in the five-county region around Fort Benning, Georgia, USA, have been long and intense. Only 4% of the native longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) forest remains intact. Besides the loss of species, habitats, and ecosystem services associated...

L. Baskaran M. Aldridge M. Berry T. Arthur V. Dale

2005-01-01

226

Georgia's Pankisi Gorge: An Ethnographic Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pankisi Gorge region is located just south of the Georgian-Chechen border in the Republic of Georgia. Most of the inhabitants of the region are descendents of ethnic Chechen and Ingush, known as \\

Shorena Kurtsikidze; Vakhtang Chikovani

2002-01-01

227

Degradation of chicken feathers by Chrysosporium georgiae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a baiting technique, Chrysosporium georgiae was isolated from chicken feathers. Twenty-eight different fungal isolates\\u000a were evaluated for their ability to produce keratinase enzymes using a keratin–salt agar medium containing either white chicken\\u000a feathers or a prepared feather keratin suspension (KS). The Chrysosporium species were able to use keratin and grow at different\\u000a rates. Chrysosporium georgiae completely degraded the added

M. A. El-Naghy; M. S. El-Ktatny; E. M. Fadl-Allah; W. W. Nazeer

1998-01-01

228

Surface complexation model of uranyl sorption on Georgia kaolinite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adsorption of uranyl on standard Georgia kaolinites (KGa-1 and KGa-1B) was studied as a function of pH (3–10), total U (1 and 10 ?mol\\/l), and mass loading of clay (4 and 40 g\\/l). The uptake of uranyl in air-equilibrated systems increased with pH and reached a maximum in the near-neutral pH range. At higher pH values, the sorption decreased

T. E Payne; J. A Davis; G. R Lumpkin; R Chisari; T. D Waite

2004-01-01

229

Exploitation and Survival of Black Crappies in Three Georgia Reservoirs  

Microsoft Academic Search

During 1987–1989, population dynamics and fisheries for black crappies Pomoxis nigromaculatus were evaluated at three Georgia reservoirs that traditionally received substantial crappie-fishing effort. Exploitation rates and survival were estimated with mark–recapture studies relying on tag returns from anglers. Fishing pressure, harvest, and angler success were evaluated with nonuniform probability roving creel surveys. Growth rates were determined by scale analysis. Annual

Scott C. Larson; Bruce Saul; Steve Schleiger

1991-01-01

230

DeKalb County, Georgia Early Intervention Risk Assessment ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text VersionPage 1. DeKalb County, Georgia Early Intervention Risk Assessment Analysis ... DeKalb County, Georgia Early Intervention Risk Assessment Analysis ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/guidanceregulation

231

Ground-water conditions in Georgia, 2000  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ground-water conditions in Georgia during 1999 and for the period of record were evaluated using data from U.S. Geological Survey ground-water-level and ground-water-quality monitoring networks. Data for 1999 included in this report are from continuous water-level records from 130 wells and chloride analyses from 14 wells. Data from one well is incomplete because data collection was discontinued. Chloride concentration in water from the Upper Floridan aquifer in most of coastal Georgia was within drinking-water standards established by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. In the Savannah area, chloride concentration has not changed appreciably with time. However, chloride concentration in water from some wells that tap the Floridan aquifer system in the Brunswick area exceeds the drinking-water standards.

Cressler, A. M.; Blackburn, D. K.; McSwain, K. B.

2001-01-01

232

Georgia and the United States Constitution 1787-1789.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet on revolutionary Georgia is one of a series designed for use in the state's public schools. The objective is to present a clear, concise picture of Georgia's history during the American Revolution. The first and major part of the text presents an historical summary. It describes how Georgia was an early and strong supporter of the…

Griffin, J. David

233

An investigation of critical factors that influence the success rate of students passing the regents' exam mandated by the university system of Georgia board of regents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate the critical factors that influence the success rate of students passing the Georgia Board of Regents’ Exam. The target audiences of this study were college and university students and the University System of Georgia employees, to include professors at select colleges and universities as well as Board of Regents’ staff The

Lakeisha Porter

2011-01-01

234

New acoustic test facility at Georgia Tech  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Georgia Tech's Integrated Acoustics Laboratory (IAL) is a state of the art research facility dedicated to the study of acoustics and vibration. The centerpiece of the laboratory is a 24 ft x24 ft x20 ft full anechoic chamber, which has been in operation since 1998. The IAL is currently expanding to include a reverberation room and hemi-anechoic chamber, designed and built by Acoustic Systems. These two chambers will be joined by an 8 ft x8 ft transmission loss opening, allowing for a detailed measurement and analysis of complex barriers. Both chambers will accommodate vehicles and similarly large structures. The reverberation room will have adequate volume for standardized absorption measurements. Each chamber will be equipped with dedicated multichannel data acquisition systems and instrumentation for the support of simultaneous research in all areas of the laboratory. The new test chambers are funded by a grant from the Ford Motor Company and are planned to be completed and fully functional by 1 January 2003.

Biesel, Van; Cunefare, Kenneth

2002-11-01

235

Georgia Vocational Student Assessment Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to develop vocational education tests for use in Georgia secondary schools, specifically for welding, machine shop, and sheet metal courses. The project team developed an outline of an assessment model that included the following components: (1) select a program for use in developing test items; (2) verify duties, tasks,…

Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States, Atlanta, GA.

236

African Swine Fever Virus Isolate, Georgia, 2007  

PubMed Central

African swine fever (ASF) is widespread in Africa but is rarely introduced to other continents. In June 2007, ASF was confirmed in the Caucasus region of Georgia, and it has since spread to neighboring countries. DNA fragments amplified from the genome of the isolates from domestic pigs in Georgia in 2007 were sequenced and compared with other ASF virus (ASFV) isolates to establish the genotype of the virus. Sequences were obtained from 4 genome regions, including part of the gene B646L that encodes the p72 capsid protein, the complete E183L and CP204L genes, which encode the p54 and p30 proteins and the variable region of the B602L gene. Analysis of these sequences indicated that the Georgia 2007 isolate is closely related to isolates belonging to genotype II, which is circulating in Mozambique, Madagascar, and Zambia. One possibility for the spread of disease to Georgia is that pigs were fed ASFV-contaminated pork brought in on ships and, subsequently, the disease was disseminated throughout the region.

Rowlands, Rebecca J.; Michaud, Vincent; Heath, Livio; Hutchings, Geoff; Oura, Chris; Vosloo, Wilna; Dwarka, Rahana; Onashvili, Tinatin; Albina, Emmanuel

2008-01-01

237

A fourth hominin skull from Dmanisi, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Newly discovered Homo remains, stone artifacts, and animal fossils from Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia, provide a basis for better understand- ing patterns of hominin evolution and behavior in Eurasia ca. 1.77 mil- lion years ago. Here we describe a fourth skull that is nearly complete, lacking all but one of its teeth at the time of death. Both the maxillae

David Lordkipanidze; Abesalom Vekua; Reid Ferring; G. Philip Rightmire; Christoph P. E. Zollikofer; Marcia S. Ponce de León; Jordi Agusti; Gocha Kiladze; Alexander Mouskhelishvili; Medea Nioradze; Martha Tappen

2006-01-01

238

State Education Finance and Governance Profile: Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the state education finance and governance profile of Georgia. States develop educational funding formulas to determine the total amount of funds needed for each student and to establish the state's share of those costs. Although the large majority of states use the common base or foundation formula (25 states and D.C.) or…

Iosava, Lela

2010-01-01

239

Georgia Turns to the West for Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Georgia, along with a number of other former Soviet countries, is rapidly reforming its higher-education system. Russian is being replaced by English in classrooms and textbooks. Western-trained professors are flooding campuses with new methods of teaching and liberal-arts courses are replacing vocational training. This change is part of broader…

Nemtsova, Anna

2008-01-01

240

Biological Safety at the University of Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Georgia (UGA) biosafety program was initiated in response to requirements for recombinant DNA experiments rather than laboratory-acquired infections. This and other environmental safety programs at UGA are described, considering three of the four recognized levels of biocontainment. A fire extinguisher inspection computer program…

Rowe, Daryl E.

1983-01-01

241

Georgia Kids Count Factbook, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Kids Count factbook examines statewide and county trends in the well-being of Georgia's children. The statistical portrait is based on indicators in five domains: family and community, economic well-being, health, education, and safety and security. The 21 indicators of well-being are: (1) child population; (2) public school enrollment; (3)…

Dopkins, Laurie B.; Carter, John; Beavers, Barbara

242

Georgia Kids Count Factbook, 1998-99.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Kids Count factbook presents statistical data and examines trends for 10 indicators of children's well-being in Georgia. The indicators are: (1) low birthweight babies; (2) infant mortality; (3) child deaths; (4) teen deaths by accident, homicide, and suicide; (5) juvenile arrests; (6) reading and math scores on the Iowa Test of Basic…

Georgians for Children, Atlanta, GA.

243

Assessment of Georgia's Shrimp and Crab Resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

White shrimp, brown shrimp, pink shrimp and blue crabs together produce an annual average of 93% of the ex-vessel value of marine products landed in Georgia. Shrimp landings (mostly white shrimp) account for 82%, while blue crab landings account for 11%. ...

J. L. Music

1978-01-01

244

Legal Case for Russian Intervention in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article examines the legal argument for Russia's military intervention in Georgia. Russia's emphasis on the legal justification for intervention should be viewed as a significant step to the adaptation of Russian foreign policy to post-Soviet norms. Finally, having weathered this crisis, Russia will increasingly construct its foreign policy arguments with an eye toward both following and shaping international law.

Nicolai N. Petro

2008-01-01

245

Restructuring Education in Conyers, Georgia In Focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the fall of 1991, Salem High School in Conyers, Georgia opened its doors for the first time. It opened with ninth grade and will add the remaining grades in upcoming years. Salem is a pilot school with its focus on restructuring education. It is a member of the Coalition of Essential Schools (Coalition), a project based at Brown University

Christy E. Lancaster

246

Georgia Turns to the West for Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Georgia, along with a number of other former Soviet countries, is rapidly reforming its higher-education system. Russian is being replaced by English in classrooms and textbooks. Western-trained professors are flooding campuses with new methods of teaching and liberal-arts courses are replacing vocational training. This change is part of broader…

Nemtsova, Anna

2008-01-01

247

Examining School District Efficiency in Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the relative production efficiency of school districts in Georgia using the modified quadriform method. Overall, we find that the modified quadriform allows state-level policymakers to access a basic tool for analysis that makes relative comparison of school district productivity for use in policy analysis and policy…

Houck, Eric A.; Rolle, R. Anthony; He, Jiang

2010-01-01

248

Georgia Kids Count Factbook, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count factbook examines statewide and county trends in the well-being of Georgia's children. The statistical portrait is based on indicators in five domains: family and community, economic well-being, health, education, and safety and security. The 21 indicators of well-being are: (1) child population; (2) public school enrollment; (3)…

Dopkins, Laurie B.; Carter, John; Beavers, Barbara

249

Bioregional planning in central Georgia, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human influences in the five-county region around Fort Benning, Georgia, USA, have been long and intense. Only 4% of the native longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) forest remains intact. Besides the loss of species, habitats, and ecosystem services associated with longleaf pine forests, the environmental concerns of the region include air, water, and noise pollution. The mix of federal and private

Virginia Dale; Matthew Aldridge; Taryn Arthur; Latha Baskaran; Michael Berry; Michael Chang; Rebecca Efroymson; Chuck Garten; Catherine Stewart; Robert Washington-Allen

2006-01-01

250

Socioeconomic Predictors of Crime in Rural Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of socioeconomic conditions on property and violent crimes in the 13 predominantly rural counties that form east-central Georgia, using data from 1975 to 1985. The results of the regression analysis serve to reemphasize the importance of socioeconomic variables such as unemployment, poverty, race, and family dependence on government assistance in predicting both property crime and

John A. Arthur

1991-01-01

251

Biological Safety at the University of Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The University of Georgia (UGA) biosafety program was initiated in response to requirements for recombinant DNA experiments rather than laboratory-acquired infections. This and other environmental safety programs at UGA are described, considering three of the four recognized levels of biocontainment. A fire extinguisher inspection computer…

Rowe, Daryl E.

1983-01-01

252

Community policing in the Republic of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community policing is a collaborative effort between the police and the community that identifies problems of crime and disorder and involves all elements of the community in the search for solutions to these problems. It is founded on close, mutually beneficial ties between police and community members. In the former Soviet republic of Georgia, where corruption is endemic in nearly

James C. Thorn

2005-01-01

253

The Georgia Indian Frontier, 1773-1783.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of pamphlets about the American Revolution in Georgia, this document examines the relationship between Indians and Colonials in pre-revolutionary times. It can be used as supplementary reading or a two-week unit for junior or senior high school students. A brief teacher's guide is included. The main part of the document relates the…

O'Donnell, James H.

254

Economic Crisis and Educational Migration from Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses trends in educational migration from Georgia. It attempts to describe patterns in the migrants' attitudes, career goals, motivations and actual careers (abroad or at home upon return). Some statistical data is included on long and short-term academic training abroad conducted by Western organizations. There is also special focus on the difficulties experienced by graduates while adjusting to

Tamar Mikadze; R. F. Wagner

255

Freshwater invertebrates of subantarctic South Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty?one lakes, ten pools, seven coastal pools, three streams, two seal wallows, a penguin wallow, and three flooded moss carpets on South Georgia were sampled for aquatic invertebrates. More than 100 invertebrate species were found comprising 59 species of Rotifera, 29 Arthropoda (including five Anomopoda, three Calanoida, two Harpacticoida, three Ostracoda, 12 Acarina and four Insecta) and at least 22

Herbert J. G. Dartnall

2005-01-01

256

Sixty Years of Creationism in Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines sociopolitical conditions that allowed pro-creationist and anti-evolutionist movements to thrive in Georgia and other southern States. Describes efforts by leading citizens to influence legislation toward propagation of the creationist philosophy, especially in education. Stresses the need for scientists and educators to oppose…

Saladin, Kenneth S.

1983-01-01

257

Black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) colonization of pig carrion in south Georgia.  

PubMed

The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.), is thought to colonize corpses 20-30 days postmortem. However, recent observations indicate this might not be true for all cases. Therefore, we conducted a study examining colonization by the black soldier fly and other Diptera on pig carrion in a plowed field in southern Georgia from 20 September through 21 February. Our data indicate black soldier flies could colonize a corpse within the first week after death. Knowing this information could prevent a serious mistake in estimating the time at which a corpse is colonized by this species. This study also represents the first record of Chrysomya rufifacies in Georgia. PMID:15831010

Tomberlin, Jeffery K; Sheppard, D Craig; Joyce, John A

2005-01-01

258

Status of the AMS facility at the University of Georgia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 2001, the Center for Applied Isotope Studies at the University of Georgia has analyzed more than 10,000 samples using a compact AMS system for carbon isotope measurement. The system, manufactured by National Electrostatics Corporation, utilizes a Model 1.5SDH-1 Pelletron accelerator with a maximum terminal voltage of 0.5 MV. The source has recently been modified, doubling the count rate and improving efficiency more than 50%. Background values have reached 0.12 pMC and the precision is below 0.4 pMC for modern samples. The control and data acquisition system has also been upgraded.

Cherkinsky, Alexander; Culp, Randy A.; Dvoracek, Doug K.; Noakes, John E.

2010-04-01

259

Mental disorders of people with disability pension in Georgia.  

PubMed

Correct assessment due to mental diseases is rather important. WHO developed International Classification for Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and there are two approaches to its implementation - development of disease specific or generic core sets. In order to know which way to choose up to date information is needed on disorders that most frequently lead to disability in Georgia. The study aimed at identification of the most prevalent mental diseases that led to disability pension in Georgia in 2010. Cross-sectional study of the population of pension beneficiaries was conducted. We have calculated 10% of 607 (diagnosed with disability in 2010) to be included in the survey. They were selected using random sampling method. Patient data were collected from the case histories. Paranoid schizophrenia (F 20.0) was the leading cause of disability both in men and women - 51.6% in men and 50% in women. In men persistent delusional disorder and mild mental retardation with significant impairment of behavior accounted for 9.7% each, while in women persistent delusional disorder led to disability in 15.0% of cases and moderate mental retardation - in 10.0%. All children receiving disability pension are mentally retarded. Paranoid schizophrenia - relatively less common disorder has high associated impairment among adults in Georgia, whereas in children mental retardation is the most frequent disabling condition. However, there are many other diseases that lead to disability. Therefore the best way to move further might be to first develop a generic core set for all psychiatric disability. PMID:22156679

Danelia, M; Gyr, N; Boer, W; Zurabashvili, D; Chigladze, L; Tsereteli, D

2011-09-01

260

World Health Organization's HIV/AIDS policy and Georgia.  

PubMed

WHO takes the lead within the UN system in the global health sector response to HIV/AIDS. Recent estimates indicate that the health sector alone represents at least 55% of the resources required for the global response to HIV/AIDS. In order to better target much-needed interventions, the WHO HIV/AIDS Programme focuses on five strategic directions: Enable people to know their HIV status; Maximize the health sector's contribution to HIV prevention; Accelerate the scale-up of HIV treatment and care; Strengthen and expand health systems; Invest in strategic information to guide a more effective response. The European Region is now experiencing the fastest rate of growth of HIV prevalence in any region of the word with the evidence of increasing transmission of HIV in several countries. In WHO/EURO was developed 13 new or revised evidence-based protocols on HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care including co-infection with hepatitis B and hepatitis C, with TB, and a protocol on sexual and reproductive health for people living with HIV/AIDS. WHO assisted Georgia to elaborate and implement its first 1994-95 National Workplan on HIV/AIDS. WHO/EURO activities in Georgia consist: The advocacy and promotion of HIV/AIDS-related WHO policies, strategies, recommendations, distribution of WHO publications, press releases, and reports; The technical assistance to MoLHSA, UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, GFATM, major national and international stakeholders involved in HIV/AIDS field in promotion, development and implementation of evidence based norms and standards. By the support of WHO seven guidelines and treatment protocols have been prepared and adopted on different topics of HIV/AIDS in Georgian language; WHO participated in the preparation of "Country Response Plans for HIV/AIDS ", "UN joint response plans for HIV/AIDS", "TB/HIV national plan", applications for GFATM proposals, UNGASS reports etc.; Support in promotion, planning and caring out HIV/AIDS related events (World AIDS Day, AIDS Memorial Day, etc). By the financial support of WHO/EURO in 2007-2008 was carried out the HIV/Hepatitis coinfection epidemiological study as well as in 2006 the socio-economic study for HIV/AIDS in Georgia; In different fields of HIV/AIDS (epidemiology, surveillance, diagnostic and treatment) around 20 National and Regional conferences and workshops have been organized in Georgia and about 400 Georgian specialists passed the training courses for capacity building in and outside country. PMID:19124920

Gamkrelidze, A

2008-12-01

261

Very low birth weight births in Georgia, 1994–2005: trends and racial disparities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To investigate the nature of very low birth weight (VLBW) births in Georgia—a major contributor to the overall and the black–white\\u000a disparity in infant mortality—as a step toward elucidating strategies for reducing VLBW births.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  This population-based retrospective cohort study utilized maternally linked vital records data from Georgia to examine the\\u000a status of and contributors to the VLBW rate for non-Hispanic

Anne L. DunlopHamisu; Hamisu M. Salihu; Gordon R. Freymann; Colin K. Smith; Alfred W. Brann

262

Unbraiding the Rhetoric about Student Achievement and Teacher Quality in Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed data from statewide criterion referenced competency tests (CRCTs), used to determine whether a child is retained in grade, investigating whether trends and differences in scores across Georgia for students from similar family backgrounds could be linked to failing this test twice in elementary school. The study explored whether…

Livingston, Donald R.; Livingston, Sharon

263

Influence of Assessment for Learning Professional Development in Rural Georgia Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the effect of two models of professional development concerning Assessment for Learning on teacher perception of the effectiveness of Assessment for Learning strategies and student achievement as measured by standardized Georgia End of Course Tests. The study hypothesized that a positive relationship exists between teacher…

Cole, Marianne

2010-01-01

264

Land Use Change, Benefit Transfer and Ecosystem Valuation in North Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study seeks to forecast land use change in a North Georgia ecosystem, and estimate the economic value of the ecosystem using benefit transfer techniques. We forecast land use change based on a structural time series model and a simple growth rate model. The study suggests a lower bound willingness to pay value of about USD 16,000 per year to

Daniel Ngugi; Jeffrey D. Mullen; John C. Bergstrom

2009-01-01

265

Teacher Job Satisfaction and Retention in a Suburban Georgia School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation of the relationship between job satisfaction and retention among elementary, middle, and high school teachers in a suburban school district in Georgia was addressed in this mixed-methods study. The focus of the study was to determine the level of job satisfaction among the nine subscales of the Teacher Job Satisfaction…

Thompson, Denise G.

2008-01-01

266

Augusta, Georgia and Jackson State University: Southern Episodes in a National Tragedy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents an indepth study of the events and psychology in the past of Augusta, Georgia which help explain the violence and the killing of six Blacks on the night of May 11, 1970. The second study in this report deals with the events and killings of two young black men at Jackson State College on May 15, 1970. These two events had…

Southern Regional Council, Atlanta, GA.

267

Teacher Job Satisfaction and Retention in a Suburban Georgia School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An investigation of the relationship between job satisfaction and retention among elementary, middle, and high school teachers in a suburban school district in Georgia was addressed in this mixed-methods study. The focus of the study was to determine the level of job satisfaction among the nine subscales of the Teacher Job Satisfaction…

Thompson, Denise G.

2008-01-01

268

Ecological Characterization of the Sea Island Coastal Region of South Carolina and Georgia. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document highlights results of the study entitled 'An Ecological Characterization of the Sea Island Coastal Region of South Carolina and Georgia,' and is intended to provide an overview of the study and to facilitate use of the full report. This summ...

L. A. Barclay M. D. McKenzie

1980-01-01

269

Elimination of malaria in country Georgia.  

PubMed

Malaria is well known in Georgia since ancient times, causing national disasters with associated significant mortality and economic losses. By 1970 Georgia managed to reach complete and sustained elimination of the disease as a result of comprehensive anti-malaria measures undertaken in the country. However from the mid-1990s, economic collapse following disintegration of Soviet Union causing breakdown of important public health networks including anti-malaria preventive and control infrastructure resulted in gradual increase of malaria cases in the country with a peak of 437 and 474 cases in 2001 and 2002, respectively. From 2000 two major anti-malaria efforts were carried out by National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, WHO and Global Fund to Fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria and as result of comprehensive and collaborative work in 2010 the level of zero cases of local mosquito-borne malaria transmission was achieved and the country entered the elimination phase. PMID:22410541

Kandelaki, George; Butsashvili, Maia; Kalandadze, Irine; Iosava, Merab; Avaliani, Nata; Imnadze, Paata

2012-03-03

270

Prospects For Sustainable Waste Management In Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Waste management in Georgia is a largely neglected field of environmental management. Since neither a comprehensive waste\\u000a management system nor a co-ordinating authority existed in the Soviet times, it has been usual pract ice to dispose of waste\\u000a without due consideration for environmental protection. Municipal waste was frequently mixed with industrial waste for disposal,\\u000a and disposal of hazardous waste from

Maka Tzereteli; Tinatin Tetvadze

271

Distance learning: Moving toward online geoscience classes in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of types of distance learning have been used in geoscience education in Georgia. One of them, the Georgia Geoscience Online project, is a model technology-supported Physical and Historical Geology course sequence, which uses a combination of technologies including Web-based course notes, course delivery over the Georgia Statewide Academic and Medical System (GSAMS) two-way interactive video system, and communication

Pamela J. W Gore

1998-01-01

272

Flood-flow characteristics of Nancy Creek at Georgia Highway 400 extension near Atlanta, Georgia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Highway Division, Georgia Department of Transportation, plans the extension of Georgia Highway 400 from Interstate 285 southward to Interstate 85. As part of this extension, the Highway Division plans construction of a bridge crossing Nancy Creek near Atlanta, Georgia. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Highway Division, determined the flood flow characteristics of Nancy Creek near the bridge crossing. The flood frequency, elevation discharge relation, flood profiles, floodway, and flood flow effects were determined. The maximum backwater effect for the proposed bridge and relocated channel was 0.2 ft for the 100-yr flood. The relocated channel will drastically shorten flow length near the proposed State Highway 400 extension and reduce the 100-yr flood elevation between one and two ft from existing conditions between the proposed site and Windsor Parkway. (Author 's abstract)

Price, McGlone; Hess, Glen W.

1987-01-01

273

Limited energy study of high temperature and chilled water distribution systems at Fort Stewart and Hunter Army Airfield, Georgia. Volume I, narrative report. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of this contract is to conduct a detailed study that will determine the location and quantity of losses from the High Temperature Water (HTW) distribution system at Fort Stewart. A copy of the Scope of Work for this project is contained in the Appendix. This study includes a comprehensive field investigation of the energy plants, distribution system piping and end-use systems, identification of Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECOs), energy savings calculations and economic analysis of the ECOs. This project also includes interviews with operation and maintenance personnel, review of records and recommendations on whether further study is required on the chilled water distribution system at Fort Stewart and the high temperature water and chilled water distribution systems at Hunter Army Airfield. The results of our analysis and the recommendations are contained in the Records Analysis and Site Survey Plan which was submitted on August 28, 1995 and is included with this report as Appendix A.10.

NONE

1996-09-06

274

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (77th, Atlanta, Georgia, August 10-13, 1994). Part X: Miscellaneous Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Miscellaneous Studies section of this collection of conference presentations contains the following 22 papers: "Men and Women Journalists in the Movies: Exploration of Some Sexism and Gender Issues in Their Portrayals in Eleven Films" (Albert D. Talbott); "Female Archetypes in Late '80s Films" (Fakhri Haghani); "Chain Ownership, Organizational…

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

275

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (77th, Atlanta, Georgia, August 10-13, 1994). Part X: Miscellaneous Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Miscellaneous Studies section of this collection of conference presentations contains the following 22 papers: "Men and Women Journalists in the Movies: Exploration of Some Sexism and Gender Issues in Their Portrayals in Eleven Films" (Albert D. Talbott); "Female Archetypes in Late '80s Films" (Fakhri Haghani); "Chain Ownership,…

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

276

Fishes Taken During Commercial Shrimp Fishing in Georgia's Close Inshore Ocean Waters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Reports a study to determine species composition and weights of fish taken during trawling for shrimp by the commercial fishery in Georgia's close inshore waters. For all species combined and considering the State as a unit the average pounds per hour of ...

C. J. Knowlton

1972-01-01

277

Student Satisfaction and Student Success in the University System of Georgia. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents findings of a study which analyzed the relationship between student satisfaction and indicators of student success in the 34 institutions of the University System of Georgia (USG). A student satisfaction survey was administered to about 26,000 undergraduates and the results were merged with the system's student information…

Walker-Marshall, Albertine; Hudson, Cathie Mayes

278

Influences of Lake Level Changes on Reservoir Water Clarity in Allatoona Lake, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Allatoona Lake (Georgia USA), secchi transparency (measured every 2 to 4 weeks during a Phase I U.S. EPA Clean Lakes Study) was typically 5- to 8- fold greater in summer than late autumn and winter. The intensity of storms increased in late autumn and winter resulting in high sediment loads from the watershed, but lake level was also drawn

Joseph M. Dirnberger; Jason Weinberger

2005-01-01

279

THE IMPACT OF PRESCHOOL TEACHER QUALIFICATIONS AND TEACHER ACCOUNTABILITY ON KINDERGARTEN READINESS IN ATLANTA, GEORGIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines the relationship between preschool teacher qualifications, preschool teacher accountability, and it impact on kindergarten readiness in Atlanta, Georgia. The independent variables are preschool teacher work setting, teacher qualifications, teacher professional development, and teacher accountability. The dependent variable is the degree to which the indicator of kindergarten readiness as measured by the Rrisance Screening Instrument. A quantitative survey

Patrice Monique Austin

2008-01-01

280

Status and Future Directions of Online Search Services in Georgia Academic Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evolved from a survey of all academic libraries in Georgia, designed to identify current online activities in the state's academic libraries, and to predict future directions and trends. The information was gathered to provide a pool of data for comparison, planning, management, and administration of online services, and to serve as a…

Mosby, Anne Page; McKinney, Gayle

281

THE WINTER ECOLOGY OF THE PIPING PLOVER (CHARADRIUS MELODUS) IN COASTAL GEORGIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) is a federally listed species with three distinct breeding populations, including Great Plains (threatened), Great Lakes (endangered), and Atlantic Coast (threatened), all of which winter along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. I studied the winter ecology of Piping Plovers on Little St. Simons Island (LSSI), Georgia from 2003-2006, with emphasis on

BRANDON LENNON NOEL

282

Hydrogeology of Southern Cumberland Island, Georgia. Kings Bay Environmental Monitoring Program Cumberland Island National Seashore, 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aqueous geochemistry of three aquifers at a 9-square mile study site on the southern end of Cumberland Island, Georgia was investigated at 10 wells on the southern end of the island. The geochemistry of the surficial aquifer varied spatially across th...

S. K. Wilson

1991-01-01

283

Weathering effects on the magnetic properties of the Milledgeville granite, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major problems in paleomagnetic sampling of granites in the southeastern United States is finding fresh outcrop. Since most outcrops are weathered to some extent, it is important to quantify the effect of weathering on the magnetic properties of individual samples. The Lake Sinclair dam site near Milledgeville, Georgia, was chosen for this study, where a very fresh,

Brooks B. Ellwood

1981-01-01

284

Science for Georgia Schools, Junior High Earth Science, Volume 3-B, Preliminary Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a curriculum guide for the preliminary edition of Volume III-B of Science For Georgia Schools, Junior High Earth Science. The course of study is designed for the eighth grade and includes selected topics from astronomy, meteorology, geology, oceanography, physical geography, and space travel. Topics are grouped under five units called (1)…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Div. of Curriculum Development.

285

Between Commitment and Pragmatism: Assessing International Influence on Human Rights Practices in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

What explains the discrepancy between the avowed commitment of the Georgian government to human rights and praxis of human rights in the post-Rose Revolution republic? This article engages with this question and attributes persistent breaches of civil, political, and personal integrity rights in Georgia not only to its domestic circumstances but also to the international impact. The study develops a

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

2010-01-01

286

Georgia Elementary Law-Related Education Curriculum Supplements: Lessons for Kindergarten through Third Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The lessons in this volume, written by experienced Georgia teachers with backgrounds in law-related education, were designed for teachers new to this area of the social studies curriculum. The lessons, which are organized by grade level, include the following information: author, time required, concepts/vocabulary, main ideas, instructional…

Hoge, John D., Ed.; Blum, Ann, Ed.

287

Basin architecture and density structure beneath the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Georgia Basin is located within one of the most seismically active and populated areas on Canada's west coast. Over the last decade, geological investigations have resolved important details concerning the basin's shallow structure and composition. Yet, until recently, relatively little was known about deeper portions of the basin. In this study, new seismic velocity information is employed to develop a

C. Lowe; S. A. Dehler; B. C. Zelt

2003-01-01

288

Advanced Telecommunications and Computer Technologies in Georgia Public Elementary School Library Media Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine what recent progress had been made in Georgia public elementary school library media centers regarding access to advanced telecommunications and computer technologies as a result of special funding. A questionnaire addressed the following areas: automation and networking of the school library media center…

Rogers, Jackie L.

289

Tobacco Consumption and Drug Addiction Among Girls-Teenagers in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the beginning of XXI century the tobacco consumption and drug addiction are considered as the main problems of public health in the world. According to the data of WHO, there exist 1,1 billion smokers and 1\\/3 of them are teenagers. With the purpose of studying and estimating the real situation in Georgia on distribution of tobacco consumption and drug

Nino Mirzikashvili

290

PROXIMITY OF GEORGIA SANITARY LANDFILLS TO WETLANDS AND DEEPWATER HABITATS (B) DATA ON INDIVIDUAL LANDFILLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Sanitary landfill can cause considerable harm to sensitive ecosystems if they are not properly located, designed, and managed. The purpose of this report is to document the proximity of sanitary landfills included in this study in Georgia to wetlands and deepwater habitats (i.e. ...

291

EFFECTS OF REMOVAL OF THE PEANUT PROGRAM ON GEORGIA PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF SELECTED FRESH PRODUCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been conjectured that elimination of the as it involves multiproducts, multiregions, and U.S. peanut program would have a profound im- linear demand functions. pact on the supply of fresh produce grown in the Representative produce commodities pertinent peanut producing area of Georgia. Awareness to this study include watermelons, tomatoes, regarding this possibility was brought to bear for green

James E. Epperson; Holly L. Tyan; Dale H. Carley

1982-01-01

292

Transport of pollutants in two estuarine systems on the coast of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to examine the distribution of pollutants in two coastal systems in Georgia: (1) Kubitskali river which flows into the Black sea through the city of Batumi and is polluted mainly from the effluents of an oil refinery; (2) Paliastomi lake, which is a shallow water body at the south-east of the city of

M. Dassenakis; F. Botsou; V. Paraskevopoulou; C. Chikviladge; K. Kachiasvili

2006-01-01

293

Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Colonization of Pig Carrion in South Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.), is thought to colonize corpses 20-30 days postmortem. However, recent observations indicate this might not be true for all cases. Therefore, we conducted a study examining colonization by the black soldier fly and other Diptera on pig carrion in a plowed field in southern Georgia from 20 September through 21 February. Our data

Jeffery K. Tomberlin; D. Craig Sheppard; John A. Joyce

2005-01-01

294

Respiratory metabolism of Hydromedion sparsutum and Perimylops antarcticus (Col., Perimylopidae) from South Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metabolic rates were studied in adults and larvae of the two phytophagous beetles Hydromedion sparsutum and Perimylops antarcticus (Col., Perimylopidae) indigenous to the Sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia. From the regression lines for log10 metabolic rate on temperature no difference in oxygen consumption was found between adults and larvae of Hydromedion or adults of Perimylops from lower sites near sea

L. Sømme; R. A. Ring; W. Block; M. R. Worland

1989-01-01

295

Military vehicle trafficking impacts on vegetation and soil bulk density at Fort Benning, Georgia  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Potential increases in wind erosion that might be brought about by military vehicles travelling on off-road sites during training are of concern to the Military establishment. Field studies were conducted in the summer of 2012 at Fort Benning, Georgia. The objective of the experiment was to assess t...

296

Plants of the Amaryllidaceae family grown and introduced in Georgia: A source of galanthamine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of plants of the Amaryllidaceae family (Galanthus woronowii A. Los., Galanthus krasnowii Hohrjakov, Galanthus caucasicus Bacer A. Grossheim, Galanthus latifolius Wor, Leucojum aestivum L., Stenbergia colchiciflora Waldst et Kit, Pancratium maritimum L., Crinum giganteum L., Narcissus tazetta L.), grown and introduced in Georgia, has been studied for their alkaloid composition. Alkaloids galanthamine, lycorine,\\u000a tazettine, galanthine, galanthusine, demethylhomolycorine, and

L. Kintsurashvili; V. Vachnadze

2007-01-01

297

Evaluation of Rapeseed as a Winter Cover Crop in South Georgia: Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study was initiated to evaluate several varieties of rapeseed (Westar, Dwarf Essex and Cascade) as a potential winter cover crop and energy source in south Georgia. Seed yields, biomass yields, canopy cover, leaf area index, stand counts and plant heigh...

D. L. Thomas F. J. K. DaSilva

1988-01-01

298

Stink bugs(Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) and their natural enemies in alfalfa in South Georgia  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objective of this study was to determine species composition and abundance of stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) and their natural enemies in alfalfa, Medicago sativa L., in Georgia. Six species of phytophagous stink bugs, Nezara viridula (L.), Euschistus servus (Say), Thyanta custator custa...

299

Three Georgias in Atlanta: Lessons from Business Schools about Finding Your Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to look into how universities identify themselves and the audiences they choose to serve, taking into account three specific universities in Atlanta, Georgia. Design/methodology/approach: The paper gives brief overviews of the literature on differentiation and sustainability and the study, followed by…

Wolverton, Mimi

2006-01-01

300

Training Health Care Professionals to Manage Overweight Adolescents: Experience in Rural Georgia Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: The obesity epidemic threatens the present and future health of adolescents in the United States. Yet, health care providers lack specific training for pediatric obesity assessment and management. Purpose: This study examined the adherence of rural Georgia primary care practitioners to an overweight adolescent management protocol. The…

Dennison, David A.; Yin, Zenong; Kibbe, Debra; Burns, Susan; Trowbridge, Frederick

2008-01-01

301

Review of potential host rocks for radioactive waste disposal in the Piedmont Province of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A literature study was conducted on the Piedmont province of Georgia to designate areas that may be favorable for field exploration for consideration of a repository for storage of radioactive waste. The criteria utilized in such a designation was based upon consideration of the rock unit having favorable geological, geotechnical, and geohydrological features. The most important are that the rock

D. B. Wenner; K. A. Gillon

1980-01-01

302

The Death Sentence in Georgia, 1974-1987Criminal Justice or Racial Injustice?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistics regarding the death penalty in the state of Georgia have been interpreted as evidence of racial bias in sentencing procedures. Men who killed white victims were more likely to receive the death penalty than if the victims were black, and this was especially the case if the murderer was black. This study considered two interpretations of these statistics. One

ALFRED B. HEILBRUN; ALLISON FOSTER; JILL GOLDEN

1989-01-01

303

Summary and Final Recommendations of the University System of Georgia's African-American Male Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2000, the University System of Georgia (USG) verified that USG institutions enrolled a low percentage of African American males in comparison with the percentage of African American males in the state's population. In 2001, the USG developed a special funding initiative to conduct a study of barriers to the participation of African American…

Georgia Univ. System, Atlanta. Board of Regents.

304

Status and Future Directions of Online Search Services in Georgia Academic Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evolved from a survey of all academic libraries in Georgia, designed to identify current online activities in the state's academic libraries, and to predict future directions and trends. The information was gathered to provide a pool of data for comparison, planning, management, and administration of online services, and to serve as a…

Mosby, Anne Page; McKinney, Gayle

305

SEARCH FOR PREDICTORS OF EXCEPTIONAL HUMAN LONGEVITY :U SING COMPUTERIZED GENEALOGIES AND INTERNET RESOURCES FOR HUMAN LONGEVITY STUDIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores new opportunities provided by the ongoing revolution in information tech- nology, computer science, and Internet expansion for studies of exceptional human longevity. To this aim, the detailed family data for 991 alleged centenarians born between 1875 and 1899 in the United States were extracted from publicly available computerized family histories of 75 million individuals available at the

Natalia S. Gavrilova; Leonid A. Gavrilov

306

Perceptions and practice of waterbirth: a survey of Georgia midwives.  

PubMed

This study investigated the experience and perceptions of Georgia certified nurse-midwives about waterbirth and their level of support for establishing waterbirth in their work setting. A survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 119 certified nurse-midwives from the American College of Nurse Midwives, Georgia chapter; 45% of those surveyed responded. The majority of midwives had some exposure to waterbirth through self-education or through clinical practice. More than half supported the incorporation of waterbirth in their workplace setting. Maternal relaxation and reduced use of analgesia were perceived as the greatest benefit of waterbirth. Of 11 items related to disadvantages of waterbirth, certified nurse-midwives were moderately to severely concerned about none. The most concerning factors, with a mean of 2.4 to 2.5 on a scale of 1 (no worry) to 5 (severe worry), were maintenance of water temperature, physical stress on the midwife, and inability to see the perineum. Midwives' support for waterbirth focused mostly on the perceived benefits to the mother with little worry about the risks. PMID:20129230

Meyer, Shaunette L; Weible, Christopher M; Woeber, Kate

307

Air Quality and Road Emission Results for Fort Stewart, Georgia  

SciTech Connect

The Directorate of Public Works Environmental & Natural Resources Division (Fort Stewart /Hunter Army Airfield) contracted with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to monitor particulate matter (PM) concentrations on Fort Stewart, Georgia. The purpose of this investigation was to establish a PM sampling network using monitoring equipment typically used in U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ''saturation sampling'', to determine air quality on the installation. In this initial study, the emphasis was on training-generated PM, not receptor PM loading. The majority of PM samples were 24-hr filter-based samples with sampling frequency ranging from every other day, to once every six days synchronized with the EPA 6th day national sampling schedule. Eight measurement sites were established and used to determine spatial variability in PM concentrations and evaluate whether fluctuations in PM appear to result from training activities and forest management practices on the installation. Data collected to date indicate the average installation PM2.5 concentration is lower than that of nearby urban Savannah, Georgia. At three sites near the installation perimeter, analyses to segregate PM concentrations by direction of air flow across the installation boundary indicate that air (below 80 ft) leaving the installation contains less PM2.5 than that entering the installation. This is reinforced by the observation that air near the ground is cleaner on average than the air at the top of the canopy.

Kirkham, Randy R.; Driver, Crystal J.; Chamness, Mickie A.; Barfuss, Brad C.

2004-02-02

308

33 CFR 165.756 - Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. 165.756 Section... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. (a) Regulated Navigation Area (RNA). The Savannah River between Fort Jackson...

2013-07-01

309

33 CFR 165.756 - Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. 165.756 Section... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. (a) Regulated Navigation Area (RNA). The Savannah River between Fort Jackson...

2009-07-01

310

Outcomes of children treated for tuberculosis with second-line medications in Georgia, 2009-2011  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is a major public threat in countries of the former Soviet Union, including Georgia. There are few studies of pediatric DR-TB cases, especially at a national level. OBJECTIVE To report the characteristics and treatment outcomes of pediatric multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases in Georgia. METHODS We extracted data on all pediatric (age <16 years) MDR-TB cases notified in Georgia from 2009 to 2011. We assessed the baseline and treatment characteristics and treatment outcomes of this cohort. RESULTS Between 2009 and 2011, there were 45 notified pediatric DR-TB cases in Georgia. Just over half had previously received anti-tuberculosis treatment and the median age was 7.7 years. Time from diagnosis to treatment was short (median 16 days), and the median length of treatment was 20.2 months. Of those not still on treatment, 77.1% (95%CI 61.0–87.9) had a successful outcome. CONCLUSIONS One of the first reports of pediatric DR-TB treatment outcomes at a national level, this study demonstrates that successful outcomes can be achieved.

Gegia, M.; Jenkins, H. E.; Kalandadze, I.; Furin, J.

2013-01-01

311

In Vitro and In Vivo Antioxidant Activity of Bifidobacterium animalis 01 Isolated from Centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies reported the antioxidant activity of bifidobacteria using assays in vitro. In present study, the in vitro\\u000a and in vivo antioxidant activity of Bifidobacterium animalis 01 was investigated. Culture supernatant, intact cells, and intracellular cell-free extracts of B. animalis 01 were involved in this study. The antioxidant assays in vitro included lipid peroxidation assay, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl\\u000a (DPPH) assay, hydroxyl radical

Qian ShenNan; Nan Shang; Pinglan Li

2011-01-01

312

Human chitotriosidase polymorphism is associated with human longevity in Mediterranean nonagenarians and centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human phagocyte-specific chitotriosidase (CHIT-1) is a chitinolytic enzyme associated with several diseases involving macrophage activation. Previous studies have demonstrated that a high activity of Chit could have widespread effects on atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease and dementia. The 24-bp duplication in the CHIT-1 gene is associated with a deficiency in enzymatic activity. In this study, we attempted to assess whether CHIT-1 could

Lucia Malaguarnera; Luca Nnawuihe Ohazuruike; Christina Tsianaka; Tijana Antic; Michelino Di Rosa; Mariano Malaguarnera

2010-01-01

313

The Stamp Act in Georgia, 1765-1766.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effects of the Stamp Act in the Colony of Georgia in 1765 are explored. The pamphlet is one in a series of materials about the American Revolution in Georgia. Designed for junior and senior high school students, it can be used as supplementary reading or a short unit. A teacher's guide is included. The Stamp Act was levied by Britain to force the…

Cook, James F.

314

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS FOR GEORGIA'S WATER RESOURCES AND ENERGY FUTURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Georgia faces growth management risks associated with global climate change that are important for water and energy specialists and planners to address. According to the National Academy of Sciences, among others, the predicted impacts of climate change include sea level rise, salt marsh deterioration, possibly more severe and long-lasting droughts, and likely decreases in summer river flows. Georgia's existing energy

Sara Barczak; C. Ronald Carroll

315

Performance-Based Certification in Georgia: Present and Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Georgia Teacher Certification Tests were developed and validated to be job-related and to reflect the minimum content knowledge that is necessary to teach in each certification area in Georgia classrooms. Three assessment instruments are used in evaluating the performance of preservice students and beginning teachers. The Teacher Performance…

Leach, J. William; Solomon, Lester

316

Georgia's Health Professions: A Decade of Change, 1985-1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report examines the supply of and demand for health care professionals in the state of Georgia, including information on education, demographics, and workforce changes. Supply data analyzed included licensure and certification records; a survey of Georgia's major health care institutions provided demand data. Additionally, institutions of…

Morris, Libby V.; Little, Catherine J.

317

GEORGIA COASTAL SOUND SCIENCE INITIATIVE 2005 — WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groundwater pumpage has resulted in saltwater contamination of the Upper Floridan aquifer at the northern end of Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, at Brunswick, Georgia, and near Jacksonville, Florida. This saltwater contamination has constrained further develop- ment of the aquifer in the coastal area and created competing demands for the limited supply of water. The Georgia Coastal Sound Science Initiative

John S. Clarke; Dorothy F. Payne; William F. Falls

318

Georgia's Health Professions: A Decade of Change, 1985-1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the supply of and demand for health care professionals in the state of Georgia, including information on education, demographics, and workforce changes. Supply data analyzed included licensure and certification records; a survey of Georgia's major health care institutions provided demand data. Additionally, institutions of…

Morris, Libby V.; Little, Catherine J.

319

The College Program in the Georgia State Prison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and operation of the associate degree program conducted by South Georgia College at the Georgia State Prison, a large maximum security prison, and compares it with a similar program conducted by Tallahassee Community College at the Federal Correction Institution in Florida, a small minimum security prison. (JP)

George, Paul S.; And Others

1980-01-01

320

Lessons Learned about Coaching from Reading First in Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading First, the largest and most ambitious beginning reading initiative funded by the United States Department of Education, is entering its sixth and final year in Georgia. The author currently serves as a coordinator for the project as well as serve as a Regional Consultant to six schools near my home in South Georgia. She is one of fourteen…

Beaty, Amanda

2009-01-01

321

GLYPHOSATE-RESISTANT PALMER AMARANTH (AMARANTHUS PALMERI) CONFIRMED IN GEORGIA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Palmer amaranth is among the three most troublesome weeds in Georgia cotton, peanut, and soybean and is among the top five most troublesome weeds in most other southeastern states. A glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth biotype was confirmed in central Georgia. In the field, potassium salt of glyp...

322

Environmental radionuclide distribution in Georgia after the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect

Atmospheric Chernobyl-released radioactivity, assessed at about 2 x 10{sup 18} Bq, caused global environmental contamination. Contaminated air masses appeared in the Transcaucasian region in early May, 1986. Rains that month promoted intense radionuclide deposition all over Georgia. The contamination level of western Georgia considerably exceeded the contamination level of eastern Georgia. The Black Sea coast of Georgia suffered from the Chernobyl accident as much as did strongly contaminated areas of the Ukraine and Belarus`. Unfortunately, governmental decrees on countermeasures against the consequences of the Chernobyl accident at that time did not even refer to the coast of Georgia. The authors observed the first increase in radioactivity background in rainfall samples collected on May 2, 1986, in Tbilisi. {gamma}-Spectrometric measurements of aerosol filters, vegetation, food stuffs, and other objects, in addition to rainfall, persistently confirmed the occurrence of short-lived radionuclides, including {sup 131}I. At first, this fact seemed unbelievable, because the Chernobyl accident had occurred only 4-5 days earlier and far from Georgia. However, these arguments proved to be faulty. Soon, environmental monitoring of radiation in Georgia became urgent. Environmental radionuclide distribution in Georgia shortly after the Chernobyl accident, as well as the methods of analysis, are reported in this paper.

Mosulishvili, L.M.; Shoniya, N.I.; Katamadze, N.M. [Institute of Physics, Tbilisi, Georgia (Russian Federation)] [and others

1994-01-01

323

Algal productivity in salt marshes of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Gross primary,production,of algae,in the intertidal,marshes,on the,coast,of Georgia,was measured at various seasons. Measurements were also made of light, temperature, pH, depth of flooding at high tide, and sedimentary chlorophyll. Migration of the algae in t,he sediments,was,observed,along,creek,borders. Production,during,low tide is 150 mg,C\\/m2\\/hr in winter,and 2&30 mg,C\\/mz\\/hr in summer. Production under water, during high tide is 200 mg C\\/m2\\/hr in August and

1959-01-01

324

Association between Body Mass Index and Cognitive Function among Chinese Nonagenarians\\/Centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: We examined the individual association between body mass index (BMI) and cognitive function among the very elderly. Methods: The present study analyzed data from a survey that was conducted on all residents aged 90 years or more from a district which had 2,311,709 inhabitants in 2005. The subjects were divided into 4 groups according to quartiles of BMI (<16.6,

Yan Zhou; Joseph H. Flaherty; Chang-Quan Huang; Zhen-Chan Lu; Bi-Rong Dong

2010-01-01

325

Association between sleep quality and body mass index among Chinese nonagenarians\\/centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the individual association between body mass index (BMI) and sleep quality among the very elderly. The present\\u000a study analyzed data from survey that was conducted on all residents aged 90 years or more in a district, there were 2,311,709\\u000a inhabitants in 2005. Subjects were divided into four groups according to quartile of BMI (21.1 kg\\/m2) and according to classification criteria

Zhou Yan; Huang Chang-Quan; Lu Zhen-Chan; Dong Bi-Rong

326

Age, race and season predict vitamin D status in African American and white octogenarians and centenarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Poor vitamin D status has been associated with osteoporosis, falls, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, autoimmune diseases,\\u000a pain, nursing home placement, and other age-related conditions, but little is known about the prevalence and predictors of\\u000a vitamin D status in those aged 80 and older. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that vitamin D status would be 1) poorer\\u000a in a population-based

M. A. Johnson; A. Davey; D. B. Hausman; L. W. Poon

2008-01-01

327

In vitro and in vivo antioxidant activity of Bifidobacterium animalis 01 isolated from centenarians.  

PubMed

Several studies reported the antioxidant activity of bifidobacteria using assays in vitro. In present study, the in vitro and in vivo antioxidant activity of Bifidobacterium animalis 01 was investigated. Culture supernatant, intact cells, and intracellular cell-free extracts of B. animalis 01 were involved in this study. The antioxidant assays in vitro included lipid peroxidation assay, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, hydroxyl radical ((•)OH) assay and superoxide anion (O??) assay. The antioxidant assays in vivo were conducted using mice model. Activities of antioxidative enzymes, malondialdehyde (MDA) content in serums and livers of aging mice were evaluated. Monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity and lipofuscin level in brains of aging mice were also characterized. Results showed that culture supernatant, intact cells and intracellular cell-free extracts of B. animalis 01 could effectively scavenge free radicals, significantly enhance mice's activities of antioxidative enzymes and reduce mice's MDA content, lipofuscin level and MAO activity. Our results indicated that B. animalis 01 has the potential to be developed into a dietary antioxidant supplements. PMID:21132298

Shen, Qian; Shang, Nan; Li, Pinglan

2010-12-04

328

Three-dimensional crustal velocity structure beneath the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Strait of Georgia is a topographic depression straddling the boundary between the Insular and Coast belts in southwestern British Columbia. Two shallow earthquakes located within the strait (M=4.6 in 1997 and M=5.0 in 1975) and felt throughout the Vancouver area illustrate the seismic potential of this region. As part of the 1998 Seismic Hazards Investigation of Puget Sound (SHIPS) experiment, seismic instruments were placed in and around the Strait of Georgia to record shots from a marine source within the strait. We apply a tomographic inversion procedure to first-arrival traveltime data to derive a minimum-structure 3-D P-wave velocity model for the upper crust to about 13km depth. We also present a 2-D velocity model for a profile orientated across the Strait of Georgia derived using a minimum-parameter traveltime inversion approach. This paper represents the first detailed look at crustal velocity variations within the major Cretaceous to Cenozoic Georgia Basin, which underlies the Strait of Georgia. The 3-D velocity model clearly delineates the structure of the Georgia Basin. Taking the 6kms-1 isovelocity contour to represent the top of the underlying basement, the basin thickens from between 2 and 4km in the northwestern half of the strait to between 8 and 9km at the southeastern end of the study region. Basin velocities in the northeastern half are 4.5-6kms-1 and primarily represent the Upper Cretaceous Nanaimo Group. Velocities to the south are lower (3-6kms-1) because of the additional presence of the overlying Tertiary Huntingdon Formation and more recent sediments, including glacial and modern Fraser River deposits. In contrast to the relatively smoothly varying velocity structure of the basin, velocities of the basement rocks, which comprise primarily Palaeozoic to Jurassic rocks of the Wrangellia Terrane and possibly Jurassic to mid-Cretaceous granitic rocks of the Coast Belt, show significantly more structure, probably an indication of the varying basement rock lithologies. The 2-D velocity model more clearly reveals the velocity layering associated with the recent sediments, Huntingdon Formation and Nanaimo Group of the southern Georgia Basin, as well as the underlying basement. We interpret lateral variation in sub-basin velocities of the 2-D model as a transition from Wrangellian to Coast Belt basement rocks. The effect of the narrow, onshore-offshore recording geometry of the seismic experiment on model resolution was tested to allow a critical assessment of the validity of the 3-D velocity model. Lateral resolution throughout the model to a depth of 3-5km below the top of the basement is generally 10-20km.

Zelt, B. C.; Ellis, R. M.; Zelt, C. A.; Hyndman, R. D.; Lowe, C.; Spence, G. D.; Fisher, M. A.

2001-03-01

329

Report of a Planning Conference for Solar Technology Information Transfer in Georgia (Atlanta, Georgia, July 24-25, 1978).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A summary of the deliberations of the Georgia planning conference of the Solar Technology Transfer Program is presented in this report. Topic areas include background information on the Georgia conference and a summary of the discussions and recommendations dealing with solar information transfer within state systems and the need for greater…

Aldridge, Mark C., Ed.

330

Handbook for Georgia Legislators, 6th Edition [And] Classroom Activities to Use with Handbook for Georgia Legislators, 6th Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a handbook and a booklet of classroom activities to use with the handbook. The handbook is a compilation of the law, procedures, and practices which govern the legislative process in Georgia. It addresses the practical problems faced by members of the Georgia legislature. Chapter one discusses the General Assembly, its…

Jackson, Edwin L.

331

Higher Education in Georgia: Assessment, Evaluation, and Accreditation. Proceedings of the Conference (Athens, Georgia, January 15-16, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Higher education assessment, evaluation, and accreditation in Georgia are addressed in these proceedings of a 1986 conference sponsored by the University of Georgia and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). Panel papers cover: assessing student performance and outcomes, academic standards and needs assessment for specific…

Fincher, Cameron, Ed.; And Others

332

Association between sleep quality and arterial blood pressure among Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians  

PubMed Central

Summary Background There is association between sleep quality and arterial blood pressure, but it is still unclear if the association also exists in the very elderly. We examined the individual association between sleep quality and arterial blood pressure among the very elderly. Material/Methods The present study analyzed data from a survey that was conducted on all residents aged 90 years or older in a district with 2,311,709 inhabitants in 2005. Sleep quality was measured using The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Results The subjects included in the statistical analysis were 216 men and 444 women. There were no significant differences in sleep quality scores, sleep latency, and sleep efficiency percentage and prevalence of poor sleep quality between subjects with and without hypertension. None of the differences in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and prevalence of hypertension, systolic hypertension and diastolic hypertension among subjects with well, fairly and poor sleep quality were significant. Multiple logistic regressions showed that unadjusted and adjusted Odds Ratio (ORs) of poor sleep quality for increased risk for hypertension were significant. Conclusions Among very elderly subjects, there was no association between sleep quality and arterial blood pressure.

Ji-Rong, Yue; Hui, Wang; Chang-Quan, Huang; Bi-Rong, Dong

2012-01-01

333

Georgia Supreme Court invalidates involuntary sterilization statute.  

PubMed

In the US, the concept of eugenics has been limited to restrictions on the reproductive capabilities of criminals and the mentally defective. Moreover, the rights of persons subject to this restriction have been enhanced by recent judicial recognition of procreation as a fundamental right. Constitutional challenges have been mounted on the grounds that sterilization statutes constitute cruel or unusual punishment, a violation of the Equal Protection clause, an unlawful delegation of legislative or judicial powers, a bill of attainder, or a violation of the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. These challenges have resulted in a reduction in the number of state-mandated sterilizations. This paper reviews the Georgia Supreme Court's recent invalidation of a 1970 statute authorizing the sterilization of mentally incompetent persons (O.C.G.A. 31-20-3). Motes v. Hall County Department of Family and Children Services, filed on behalf of a 21-year old retarded woman, challenged the statute as a violation of Motes' constitutional rights to due process and equal protection and contended that the state was required to prove the necessity of sterilization by more than a simple preponderance of the evidence. The Georgia Supreme Court negated both the sterilization order and the statute upon which it was based. In its decision, the Court recognized that an intrusion upon so fundamental a right as the ability to bear children requires proof by the state of at least "clear and convincing evidence" of the necessity of such an act. PMID:6655381

Harper, T D

1983-11-01

334

A centenarian extraordinaire.  

PubMed

Henry Rollin, a distinguished Member, Fellow and now Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, has attained his 101st year. The achievements of this remarkable man are described and speculations made about the reasons for his longevity and his plans for the future. PMID:22045943

Tyrer, Peter

2011-11-01

335

Report from the Country of Georgia: Protecting and Promoting Breastfeeding through Regulation of Artificial-Feeding Marketing Practices  

PubMed Central

This paper highlights the southwest Asian country of Georgia's experience in creating efforts to protect and promote breastfeeding and to implement the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. Since 1994, the country of Georgia (of the former Soviet Union) has successfully implemented the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative. In 1997–1998, Georgia conducted a study throughout the country's various regions to evaluate compliance with the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. The research demonstrated numerous violations of the code by various companies and confirmed the necessity of ongoing activities to promote implementation of the code. Due to the great effort of Georgia's Ministry of Health and the International Baby-Food Action Network [IBFAN] Georgian group called “Claritas,” the law titled “On Protection and Promotion of Breastfeeding and Regulation of Artificial Feeding” was adopted in 1999 by the country's parliament. As a result, Georgia has witnessed a sharp increase in breastfeeding percentages, the designation of baby-friendly status at 14 maternity houses, and a decrease in the advertisement of artificial-feeding products.

Nemsadze, Ketevan

2004-01-01

336

Disparities in Late Stage Diagnosis, Treatment, and Breast Cancer-Related Death by Race, Age, and Rural Residence among Women in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this study were to examine the outcomes of late stage breast cancer diagnosis, receiving first course treatment, and breast cancer-related death by race, age, and rural\\/urban residence in Georgia. We used cross-sectional and follow-up data (1992–2007) for Atlanta and Rural Georgia cancer registries that are part of the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program

Talar W. Markossian; Robert B. Hines

2012-01-01

337

Preliminary design of the solar total energy-large scale experiment at Shenandoah, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A preliminary design study is described for the Solar Total Energy System (STES) for the U.S. Department of Energy's Large Scale Experiment at Shenandoah, Georgia. The STES will supply electric power, process steam, and hot water for heating and air conditioning of a 42,000-sq-ft building. In addition to the preliminary design, the study includes experiment site layout, definition of site-specific

A. J. Poche; S. A. Haas; R. W. Hunke

1978-01-01

338

A Survey of Georgia Adult Protective Service Staff: Implications for Older Adult Injury Prevention and Policy  

PubMed Central

Background: The aging population is a rapidly growing demographic. Isolation and limited autonomy render many of the elderly vulnerable to abuse, neglect and exploitation. As the population grows, so does the need for Adult Protective Services (APS). This study was conducted to examine current knowledge of older adult protection laws in Georgia among APS staff and to identify training opportunities to better prepare the APS workforce in case detection and intervention. Methods: The Georgia State University Institute of Public Health faculty developed a primary survey in partnership with the Georgia Division of Aging Services’ leadership to identify key training priority issues for APS caseworkers and investigators. A 47-item electronic questionnaire was delivered to all APS employees via work-issued email accounts. We conducted descriptive analyses, t-tests and chi-square analyses to determine APS employees’ baseline knowledge of Georgia’s elder abuse policies, laws and practices, as well as examine associations of age, ethnicity, and educational attainment with knowledge. We used a p-value of 0.05 and 95% confidence intervals to determine statistical significance of analyses performed. Result: Ninety-two out of 175 APS staff responded to the survey (53% response rate). The majority of respondents were Caucasian (56%) women (92%). For over half the survey items, paired sample t-tests revealed significant differences between what APS staff reported as known and what APS staff members indicated they needed to know more about in terms of elder abuse and current policies. Chi-square tests revealed that non-Caucasians significantly preferred video conferencing as a training format (44% compared to 18%), [?2(1) = 7.102, p < .008], whereas Caucasians preferred asynchronous online learning formats (55% compared to 28%) [?2(1) =5.951, p < .015]. Conclusion: Results from this study provide the Georgia Division of Aging with insight into specific policy areas that are not well understood by APS staff. Soliciting input from intended trainees allows public health educators to tailor and improve training sessions. Trainee input may result in optimization of policy implementation, which may result in greater injury prevention and protection of older adults vulnerable to abuse, neglect and exploitation.

Strasser, Sheryl M.; Kerr, Judith; King, Patricia S; Payne, Brian; Beddington, Sarah; Pendrick, Danielle; Leyda, Elizabeth; McCarty, Frances

2011-01-01

339

External Research Report on Attitudes and Barriers Impacting the Participation of African-American Males in the University System of Georgia. The University System of Georgia's African-American Male Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The African-American Male Initiative, a task force of the University System of Georgia (USG) Board of Regents, commissioned a statewide study to explore African American males' attitudes toward college in general and the USG in particular. Designed and conducted by external consulting firms, the study drew on discussions in focus groups and with…

Georgia Univ. System, Atlanta. Board of Regents.

340

30 CFR 910.700 - Georgia Federal program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF...Seed Laws and Rules and Regulations containing the Noxious Weed List. (f) The following are Georgia laws that...

2009-07-01

341

30 CFR 910.700 - Georgia Federal program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF...Seed Laws and Rules and Regulations containing the Noxious Weed List. (f) The following are Georgia laws that...

2013-07-01

342

Adult Education in Savannah, Georgia 1765-1789  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advertisements in Savannah, Georgia, newspapers from 1765 through 1789 offered adults leisure-related topics for learning such as drawing, language, music and self-defense through private venture schools. (DS)

Long, Huey B.

1973-01-01

343

Future Land Use and Major Thoroughfare Plan, Forest Park, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains an updated land use and thoroughfare plan for the Forest Park, Georgia, planning area. The report recommends specific policies which the local government should follow in guiding future land development. In updating the original 1962 p...

1971-01-01

344

5. Locomotive bays on S elevation. Central of Georgia ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Locomotive bays on S elevation. - Central of Georgia Railway, Savannah Repair Shops & Terminal Facilities, Paint & Coach Barn, Bounded by West Broad, Jones, West Boundary & Hull Streets, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

345

6. Sawtooth skylights on roof. Central of Georgia Railway, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Sawtooth skylights on roof. - Central of Georgia Railway, Savannah Repair Shops & Terminal Facilities, Paint & Coach Barn, Bounded by West Broad, Jones, West Boundary & Hull Streets, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

346

View east of brick railroad viaduct central of Georgia ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View east of brick railroad viaduct - central of Georgia - spannin canal prism (now used as pedestrian walk) - Savannah & Ogeechee Barge Canal, Between Ogeechee & Savannah Rivers, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

347

235. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Mary Lane ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

235. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Mary Lane Morrison, photographer, ca. 1970 209 EAST BOLTON STREET (DEMOLISHED) - Savannah Victorian Historic District, Bounded by Gwinnett, East Broad, West Broad Street & Anderson Lane, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

348

237. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Mary Lane ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

237. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Mary Lane Morrison, photographer, ca. 1970 211 EAST BOLTON STREET - Savannah Victorian Historic District, Bounded by Gwinnett, East Broad, West Broad Street & Anderson Lane, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

349

236. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Mary Lane ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

236. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Mary Lane Morrison, photographer, ca. 1970 213-15, 211, 209 EAST BOLTON STREET - Savannah Victorian Historic District, Bounded by Gwinnett, East Broad, West Broad Street & Anderson Lane, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

350

Annual Implementation Plan for 1979. Health Service Area 3 Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The annual implementation plan (AIP) of the North Central Georgia Health Systems Agency, Inc., identifies specific priority short-term objectives relevant to health status and the health system. Introductory comments focus on the purpose of the AIP, the p...

1979-01-01

351

245. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Cordray Foltz, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

245. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Cordray Foltz, photographer, ca. 1930s DRAYTON AND EAST DUFFY STREETS, SOUTHWEST CORNER - Savannah Victorian Historic District, Bounded by Gwinnett, East Broad, West Broad Street & Anderson Lane, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

352

234. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Cordray Foltz, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

234. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Cordray Foltz, photographer, ca. 1930s 208 EAST BOLTON STREET - Savannah Victorian Historic District, Bounded by Gwinnett, East Broad, West Broad Street & Anderson Lane, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

353

View looking SE inside Electrical Shop Central of Georgia ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View looking SE inside Electrical Shop - Central of Georgia Railway, Savannah Repair Shops & Terminal Facilities, Electrical Shop, Bounded by West Broad, Jones, West Boundary & Hull Streets, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

354

253. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Cordray Foltz, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

253. Photocopy of photograph from Georgia Historical Society Cordray Foltz, photographer, date unknown WEST PARK AND BROAD STREETS - Savannah Victorian Historic District, Bounded by Gwinnett, East Broad, West Broad Street & Anderson Lane, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

355

Upper-crustal structure beneath the strait of Georgia, Southwest British Columbia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We present a new three-dimensional (3-D) P-wave velocity model for the upper-crustal structure beneath the Strait of Georgia, southwestern British Columbia based on non-linear tomographic inversion of wide-angle seismic refraction data. Our study, part of the Georgia Basin Geohazards Initiative (GBGI) is primarily aimed at mapping the depth of the Cenozoic sedimentary basin and delineating the near-surface crustal faults associated with recent seismic activities (e.g. M = 4.6 in 1997 and M = 5.0 in 1975) in the region. Joint inversion of first-arrival traveltimes from the 1998 Seismic Hazards Investigation in Puget Sound (SHIPS) and the 2002 Georgia Basin experiment provides a high-resolution velocity model of the subsurface to a depth of ???7 km. In the southcentral Georgia Basin, sedimentary rocks of the Cretaceous Nanaimo Group and early Tertiary rocks have seismic velocities between 3.0 and 5.5 km s-1. The basin thickness increases from north to south with a maximum thickness of 7 (??1) km (depth to velocities of 5.5 km s-1) at the southeast end of the strait. The underlying basement rocks, probably representing the Wrangellia terrane, have velocities of 5.5-6.5 km-1 with considerable lateral variation. Our tomographic model reveals that the Strait of Georgia is underlain by a fault-bounded block within the central Georgia Basin. It also shows a correlation between microearthquakes and areas of rapid change in basin thickness. The 1997/1975 earthquakes are located near a northeast-trending hinge line where the thicknesses of sedimentary rocks increase rapidly to the southeast. Given its association with instrumentally recorded, moderate sized earthquakes, we infer that the hinge region is cored by an active fault that we informally name the Gabriola Island fault. A northwest-trending, southwest dipping velocity discontinuity along the eastern side of Vancouver Island correlates spatially with the surface expression of the Outer Island fault. The Outer Island fault as mapped in our seismic tomography model is a thrust fault that projects directly into the Lummi Island fault, suggesting that they are related structures forming a fault system that is continuous for nearly 90 km. Together, these inferred thrust faults may account for at least a portion of the basement uplift at the San Juan Islands. ?? 2007 The Authors Journal compilation ?? 2007 RAS.

Dash, R. K.; Spence, G. D.; Riedel, M.; Hyndman, R. D.; Brocher, T. M.

2007-01-01

356

Upper-crustal structure beneath the Strait of Georgia, Southwest British Columbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a new three-dimensional (3-D) P-wave velocity model for the upper-crustal structure beneath the Strait of Georgia, southwestern British Columbia based on non-linear tomographic inversion of wide-angle seismic refraction data. Our study, part of the Georgia Basin Geohazards Initiative (GBGI) is primarily aimed at mapping the depth of the Cenozoic sedimentary basin and delineating the near-surface crustal faults associated with recent seismic activities (e.g. M = 4.6 in 1997 and M = 5.0 in 1975) in the region. Joint inversion of first-arrival traveltimes from the 1998 Seismic Hazards Investigation in Puget Sound (SHIPS) and the 2002 Georgia Basin experiment provides a high-resolution velocity model of the subsurface to a depth of ~7 km. In the southcentral Georgia Basin, sedimentary rocks of the Cretaceous Nanaimo Group and early Tertiary rocks have seismic velocities between 3.0 and 5.5 kms-1. The basin thickness increases from north to south with a maximum thickness of 7 (+/-1) km (depth to velocities of 5.5 kms-1) at the southeast end of the strait. The underlying basement rocks, probably representing the Wrangellia terrane, have velocities of 5.5-6.5 kms-1 with considerable lateral variation. Our tomographic model reveals that the Strait of Georgia is underlain by a fault-bounded block within the central Georgia Basin. It also shows a correlation between microearthquakes and areas of rapid change in basin thickness. The 1997/1975 earthquakes are located near a northeast-trending hinge line where the thicknesses of sedimentary rocks increase rapidly to the southeast. Given its association with instrumentally recorded, moderate sized earthquakes, we infer that the hinge region is cored by an active fault that we informally name the Gabriola Island fault. A northwest-trending, southwest dipping velocity discontinuity along the eastern side of Vancouver Island correlates spatially with the surface expression of the Outer Island fault. The Outer Island fault as mapped in our seismic tomography model is a thrust fault that projects directly into the Lummi Island fault, suggesting that they are related structures forming a fault system that is continuous for nearly 90 km. Together, these inferred thrust faults may account for at least a portion of the basement uplift at the San Juan Islands.

Dash, R. K.; Spence, G. D.; Riedel, M.; Hyndman, R. D.; Brocher, T. M.

2007-08-01

357

Teaming Up: Georgia Tech's Multi-Robot Competition Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionIn past AAAI competition entries (1992-94), GeorgiaTech has fielded robots developed by experienced graduatestudents. This year, we will take a different approach,with two separate teams: a group of experienced graduatestudents will enter the Find Life on Mars event with research-quality equipment, and a less-experienced groupwill enter the Home Vacuum event with entry-level robots.Find Life on Mars entryGeorgia Tech expects to

Thomas R. Collins; Tucker R. Balch

1997-01-01

358

Shaping the Neighbourhood? The EU's Impact on Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on the literature of EU governance in its neighbourhood, this article investigates the EU's impact on Georgia by examining the following policies regarding EU–Georgia relations during the period 2004–2008: single market access; energy security; and foreign and security policy. It argues that policy-level incentives and the overall process of deepening relations with the EU are necessary conditions for the

Oscar B. Pardo Sierra

2011-01-01

359

Georgia-Pacific Palatka Plant Uses Thermal Pinch Analysis and Evaluates Water Reduction in Plant-Wide Energy Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of the plant-wide energy assessment at the Palatka plant, Georgia- Pacific hired American Process Inc. (API) to carry out a water reduction study and an energy targeting study using its Successive Design Methodology (SDM). The U.S. Department of E...

2003-01-01

360

The Lived Experience of Low-Income Minority Students Who Receive State Merit Aid at a Georgia Postsecondary Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to explore how junior level students at a Georgia postsecondary institution perceived their college experiences were impacted by the meritbased aid they received. The study employed a phenomenological method and was based on Tinto's psycho-social-economic-organizational model, from "Theories of college student…

Grant, Michelle A.

2010-01-01

361

Epidemiology of nodular goiter in South Georgia and selection of some diagnostic criteria from the view point of prevention.  

PubMed

Mountainous regions of Georgia have been long known as a center of goiter endemia. Study of thyroid gland diseases in this contingent of population represents a key target. The object of the conducted examinations was study of epidemiology of goiter in the South Georgia. According to the results of our study high index of spreading endemic goiter in the population of the South Georgia is conditioned by iodine-deficiency. In addition, the factor providing spreading of thyroid gland pathology in the country is improper feeding. At the same time we aimed to study in these populations such diagnostic indices of various pathologies of thyroid gland as carcinoma - embryonic antigen CEA, which has been less studied. There is scanty information on these markers during thyroid gland pathology and in populations of Georgia it is absent at all. Due to the fact that the mentioned marker makes possible to conduct monitoring of the disease, we consider the study of its infomativity to be important during various forms of nodular goiter. For comparison of the results study of oncomarker REA was conducted in group of healthy individuals and non-nodular goiter. On the base of obtained data it can be supposed that study of oncomarker CEA is informative for diagnosis of various forms of nodular goiter as additional criteria, especially in case of obscure or not conducted morphological diagnosis. PMID:19276473

Nakaidze, K; Gogokhia, N

2009-02-01

362

Circumstances of Pregnancy: Low Income Women in Georgia Describe the Difference between Planned and Unplanned Pregnancies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction and Background: The United States has a higher rate of unintended pregnancies than many other developed countries despite the availability\\u000a of effective contraception. Using Azjen's Theory of Planned Behavior and Luker's Theory of Contraceptive Risk Taking this\\u000a qualitative study explores the reasons for the high rate of unintended pregnancy among low income women in Georgia. Methods: Six focus groups

Anne Lifflander; Laura M. D. Gaydos; Carol J. Rowland Hogue

2007-01-01

363

Factors affecting weaning weight in Antarctic fur seals Arctocephalus gazella at South Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships between size, body condition, age and feeding-attendance patterns during pup rearing of female Antacrtic fur seals Arctocephalus gazella and their effects on the timing of birth and weaning, pup weight, growth and condition were studied at South Georgia in 1981–1982. Twenty-seven (6 male, 21 female) mother-pup pairs were followed from birth to weaning. The analysis of maternal effects was

D. W. Doidge; J. P. Croxall

1989-01-01

364

Pollution of atmospheric air in certain regions of Georgia and radiation background of open areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Has been studied pollution of atmospheric air and radiation background of open area in certain regions of Georgia - Kutaisi, districts of Imereti and Samtskhe-Javakheti. Investigations have shown that in 1996-2001 years indices of atmospheric pollution were decreased (in Imereti region from 0,813 thousand t\\/sec to 0,399 thousand t\\/sec; in Kutaisi - from 0,455 thousand t\\/sec to 0,066 thousand t\\/sec;

Irma Tskhovrebadze

365

Identifying Teaching and Learning In-Service Needs of Georgia Agriculture Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continuing trend toward increasing diversity of curriculum offered within secondary agricultural education programs is driving a change in pre-service and in-service training for agriculture teachers. This study looks at Georgia agriculture teachers' perceived importance of, and competence in, teaching and learning, and identifies their in-service needs. A range of competencies from teaching students problem-solving and decision making skills, motivating

Dennis W. Duncan; John C. Ricketts; Jason B. Peake

2005-01-01

366

Impact of Chlamydia & Gonorrhea in Georgia: An Urban\\/Rural Comparison (2000-2004)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In 2005, 33,562 cases of chlamydia and 15,860 cases of gonorrhea were reported in the State of Georgia, respectively corresponding to 3.4% and 4.7% of all cases reported nationally (CDC, 2005). Disparities of infection with respect to race and gender are evident for both diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the magnitude of chlamydia and gonorrhea

Swati Raychowdhury; Stuart H. Tedders

367

An appraisal of refrigerant heat exchanger technology as investment potential in Georgia dairies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present value of the savings from adding a heat recovery system to the milk refrigeration tank of a model dairy in Georgia was estimated in this study to be $4,338 after taxes for dairymen in the 20 percent income tax bracket. Savings were $3,808 if he is in the 30 percent bracket and $3,340 if he is in the

R. C. Copeland; B. R. Miller

1980-01-01

368

Growth and development of Hydromedion sparsutum (Müller) (Coleoptera, Perimylopidae) from South Georgia at different temperatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adaptation of Hydromedion sparsutum (Coleoptera, Perimylopidae) to the cool, moderate climate of South Georgia Island was studied under lab conditions. Because there are no native vertebrate herbivores on the island, the Perimylopidae as primary destruents occupy an important role in the ecosystem of S. G. H. sparsutum was reared at constant temperatures of 4, 7.5, 10, 12.5 and 14°C. Constant

S. Meyer-Arndt

1984-01-01

369

Measuring the Return on the Investment: An Analysis of Adults Served under the Georgia Job Training Partnership Program. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study in Georgia evaluated the pre-program to post-program changes in employment, earnings, and welfare dependency for the 6,693 Title II-A adults that occurred between application and participant follow-up 13 weeks after leaving the state's Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) program during the 1989-90 program year. Findings revealed…

Georgia State Dept. of Labor, Atlanta.

370

Measuring the Return on the Investment: An Analysis of Adults Served under the Georgia Job Training Partnership Program. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study in Georgia evaluated the pre-program to post-program changes in employment, earnings, and welfare dependency for the 6,693 Title II-A adults that occurred between application and participant follow-up 13 weeks after leaving the state's Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) program during the 1989-90 program year. Findings revealed…

Georgia State Dept. of Labor, Atlanta.

371

Trends in entanglement of Antarctic fur seals ( Arctocephalus gazella) in man-made debris at South Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study conducted at South Georgia in 1988\\/1989 indicated that several thousand Antarctic fur seals were entangled mainly in man-made material originating from fishing vessels. Consequently, the authority responsible for the management of Southern Ocean marine resources (CCAMLR) actively campaigned for compliance with the MARPOL provisions relating to waste disposal at sea, and for cutting of any material unavoidably jettisoned

J. P. Y. Arnould; J. P. Croxall

1995-01-01

372

Economic Feasibility, General Economic Impact and Implications of a Free Trade Agreement Between the European Union and Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of the feasibility, costs and benefits of a free trade agreement between the EU and Georgia was conducted from July 2007 to April 2008 under contrach with the European Commission. The first meeting in Brussels in September 2007 with staff members of Directorates-General for Trade, External Relations, Economic and Financial Affairs, Internal Market and Services, Competition, Enterprise and

David Dyker; Michael Emerson; Michael Gasiorek; Peter Holmes; Malgorzata Jakubiak; Andre Jungmittag; Vicki Korchagin; Alina Kudina; Giorgi Pertaia; Evgeny Polyakov; Andrei Roudoi; Michael Tokmazishvili

2008-01-01

373

Student achievement in relationship to the impact of preschool teacher qualifications and teacher accountability on kindergarten readiness in Atlanta, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines the relationship between preschool teacher qualifications, preschool teacher accountability, and it impact on kindergarten readiness in Atlanta, Georgia. The independent variables are preschool teacher work setting, teacher qualifications, teacher professional development, and teacher accountability. The dependent variable is the degree to which the indicator of kindergarten readiness as measured by the Rrisance Screening Instrument. A quantitative survey

Patrice Monique Austin

2008-01-01

374

Stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), a leaffooted bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae), and their predators in sorghum in South Georgia.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objective of this 4-yr study was to determine species composition and abundance of stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), a leaffooted bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae), and their predators in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench spp. bicolor] in Georgia. Ten species of panicle-feeding bugs were prese...

375

PERCEPTIONS OF GEORGIA ELEMENTARY PRINCIPALS IN RELATION TO EDUCATION REFORM AND THE A+ EDUCATION REFORM ACT OF 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the study, the researcher investigated the role perceptions of Georgia elementary school principals after the implementation of A+ Education Reform Act of 2000. Principals are being held accountable for making significant changes within their schools. The reform movement may make the principal's job more demanding since new responsibilities have been added and few or none have been taken away.

DORIS ELIZABETH; CANDLER NEWTON

2000-01-01

376

Influences of riparian logging on plants and invertebrates in small, depressional wetlands of Georgia, U.S.A  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied 12 small, seasonally flooded, depressional wetlands on the Atlantic Coastal Plain of Georgia, U.S.A. Each wetland was embedded in stands of managed plantation pine. The pine trees surrounding each wetland had been harvested and replanted beginning in 1997 (2 sites), 1995 (2 sites), 1993 (1 site), 1988 (2 sites), 1984 (2 sites) or 1975 (3 sites). Regressions of

Darold P. Batzer; C. Rhett Jackson; Melinda Mosner

2000-01-01

377

The Relationship between School Culture and Student Achievement: Perceptions of Georgia Suburban and Urban High School Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this quantitative research study was to determine the relative impact school culture has on student achievement (specifically AYP status, dropout rates and graduation rates) in select urban and suburban Georgia high schools. To examine this relationship, the researcher reviewed data collected from the School Culture Survey (SCS)…

Tucker, Treva L.

2011-01-01

378

Remittances in the Republic of Georgia: correlates, economic impact, and social capital formation.  

PubMed

The economic impact of remittances on migrant-sending countries has been a subject of debate in the scholarly literature on migration. We consider the topic using a household-level approach. We use a new survey, "Georgia on the Move," to examine migrant-level, household-level, and contextual variables associated with the probability that a household in the Republic of Georgia receives remittances. We then apply propensity score matching to estimate how remittances affect particular types of household expenditures, savings, labor supply, health, and other measures of well-being. Separate analysis of the subsample of households with a migrant currently abroad distinguishes the effects of remittances from the effects of migration as such. In Georgia, remittances improve household economic well-being without, for the most part, producing the negative consequences often suggested in the literature. We find evidence for an important aspect that has not been widely discussed in prior studies: remittances foster the formation of social capital by increasing the amount of money that households give as gifts to other households. PMID:23404646

Gerber, Theodore P; Torosyan, Karine

2013-08-01

379

Review of potential host rocks for radioactive waste disposal in the Piedmont Province of Georgia  

SciTech Connect

A literature study was conducted on the Piedmont province of Georgia to designate areas that may be favorable for field exploration for consideration of a repository for storage of radioactive waste. The criteria utilized in such a designation was based upon consideration of the rock unit having favorable geological, geotechnical, and geohydrological features. The most important are that the rock unit have: (1) satisfactory unit dimensions (> 100 km/sup 2/ outcrop area and at least 1500 meters (approx. 5000 feet) depth of a continuous rock type); and (2) acceptable geohydrological conditions. Among all rock types, it is concluded that the granites of the large post-metamorphic plutons and large, homogeneous orthogneissic units offer the most favorable geologic settings for exploration for siting a radioactive waste repository. Virtually all other rock types, including most metavolcanic and metasedimentary lithologies have unacceptable unit dimensions, generally unfavorable geohydrologic settings, and deleterious mechanical and physical geotechnical properties. After consideration of all major lithologies that comprise the Georgia Piedmont, the following units were deemed favorable: (1) the Elberton Pluton; (2) the Siloam Pluton; (3) the Sparta Pluton; (4) two unnamed plutons adjacent to the Snelson body of S.W. Georgia; (5) the Lithonia Gneiss; (6) basement orthogneisses and charnockites of the Pine Mountain Belt.

Wenner, D.B.; Gillon, K.A.

1980-10-01

380

Nonextensive characteristics of earthquakes magnitude distribution in Javakheti region, Georgia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For last several years nonextensive statistical mechanics is increasingly used to study wide range of complex phenomena exhibiting the scale free nature in different domains. It is assumed that nonextensivity concepts may provide a suitable framework to shed new light on features of spatiotemporal and energetic behavior of seismic processes which presently are not fully understood. In present research we studied cumulative distribution of earthquakes magnitudes in Caucasus from both common and nonextensive statistical mechanics point of views. Data sets of earthquakes magnitudes from 1960 to 1991 have been compiled from data bases of Seismic Monitoring Center at Ilia State University in Georgia. Javakheti Region in Southern Georgia was selected based on its geological structure and high seismic activity; exact time interval was specified because of increased seismic activity in Caucasus for that period. Together with common seismic characteristics such as a andbvalues of Gutenberg-Richter relationship, we evaluated nonextensive characteristics in the framework of earthquakes fragment-asperity interaction model. Namely nonextensive parameter qand energy density value a were calculated. All these characteristics have been assessed for the whole observation period as well as for consecutive 10 year overlapping sliding windows. It was observed that calculated nonextensive characteristics both for whole catalogue and for sliding windows (q=1.6-1.83) are close to the range found earlier for other regions. At the same time we see that bothaandq values vary in the investigated period, for consecutive sliding windows. These changes are statistically significant and obviously are related to the earthquake generation process of Javakheti region. Indeed, it was observed that nonextensivity parameter increases according to local seismic activity, which may point to the increase of functional relationship between above parameters prior and during earthquake generation. At the same time energy density value a, which is assumed to be related with spatial distribution, decreases after strongest event for the considered time period. These results point to increased long range correlations of seismic process in energetic and spatial domains prior and during strongest regional earthquakes. Results of nonextensive analysis are in good accordance with b value analysis. After strongest event b value increases and a decreases that is consistent with a physical meaning of these parameters. Results of our research supports assumption that nonextensive statistics can provide a new promising approach to earthquakes distribution features in different domains.

Chelidze, Tamaz; Matcharashvili, Teimuraz; Jorjiashvili, Nato; Javakhishvili, Zurab

2010-05-01

381

Implementation of telepathology in the republic of georgia.  

PubMed

Telepathology in the Republic of Georgia is still evolving. Although much progress has been made around the world, especially in the field of digital imaging and virtual slides, telepathology in Georgia still revolves around static telepathology. The results of the NATO Networking Infrastructure Grant "ePathology-Virtual Pathology Center in Georgia as the continuation of Virtual Health Care Center" are presented. It is a practical implementation of telepathology in Georgia as a best practice example. Using basic methodology: idea-analysis-conception-implementation-test/deployment, the ePathology server was created for the establishment of telepathology in Georgia. Two main services were made available on the server: Simple Machines Forum (eConsultation) and Moodle (eLearning) under the premise "keep it small, safe, and simple." The ePathology server works well. By its application, introduction of the Pap-smear technique and 2001 Bethesda System for reporting cervicovaginal cytologic diagnosis has been done. The application of easily available and adaptable technology, together with the improvement of the infrastructure conditions, is the essential basis for telemedical applications. Telepathology is a very useful and applicable tool for consulting on difficult pathology cases. It has significantly increased knowledge exchange and thereby ensured a better medical service. PMID:19548828

Kldiashvili, Ekaterina; Schrader, Thomas

2009-06-01

382

School characteristics of mesopelagic fish at South Georgia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we describe the variation in myctophid schools characteristics at South Georgia using multi-frequency acoustic data collected annually between November 2007 and January 2012. We studied the relationship between the proximity of land and the distribution and schooling characteristics of myctophid fish. We also examined patterns in schooling behaviour in relation to oceanographic data. Fish schools were identified using a dual-frequency dB identification method (Sv120-38 kHz), where negative Sv120-38 kHz is indicative of gas-bearing organisms, such as swimbladdered fish. Available net data were used to provide information on the meosopelagic fish community in the region. School morphometrics (e.g. length, thickness, area) data were extracted and pooled according to their distance from the shore (0-30 km, 30-60 km, 60-90 km, 90-120 km). A total of 578 schools were detected in the survey region and there was high variation in school backscattering strength (NASC), length, height, perimeter, depth and horizontal distribution between surveys, including distinct inter-annual variation in these parameters when surveys were conducted in the same season (2009-2012). Schools were distributed predominantly on-shelf (0-500 m isobaths) during some summer surveys (2007 and 2012) and predominantly off-shelf on others (>500 m isobaths; 2009, 2010 and 2011). There was also evidence of bathymetric separation in the horizontal distribution of schools. Schools observed in the late-season in 2008 had the greatest NASC, largest height and the deepest depth distribution. Most schools occurred at depths between ˜60 and 300 m, but they did not occupy the same water masses during each survey. Schools became progressively thinner, shallower and acoustically weaker with increasing distance to land, whilst school length and perimeter increased correspondingly. The change in fish schooling behaviour between environments could be a response to a combination of local predatory threats over short spatial/temporal scales and differences in oceanographic conditions, such as current velocity. The trend could also be evidence of spatial habitat partitioning of myctophids, with different schooling species, or different life-stages, orientating along a bathymetric gradient at South Georgia.

Saunders, Ryan A.; Fielding, Sophie; Thorpe, Sally E.; Tarling, Geraint A.

2013-11-01

383

Vulnerability assessment at a national level in Georgia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vulnerability assessment at a national level in Georgia Nino Tsereteli, Vakhtang Arabidze, Otar Varazanashvili, Tengiz Gugeshashvili The risk always exists when cities are built on. Population growth in cities and urbanization in natural hazard-prone zones leads to infrastructure expansion. The goal of the society is to construct natural hazards resistant infrastructure and minimize the expected losses. This is a complicated task as there is always knowledge deficiency on real seismic hazard and vulnerability. Assessment of vulnerability is vital in risk analysis, as vulnerability is defined in many different ways. Work presented here mostly deals with assessment of infrastructure's and population vulnerability at national level in Georgia. This work was initiated by NATO SFP project "seismic Hazard and Risk Assessment for Southern Caucasus - Eastern Turkey Energy Corridors" and the two work packages WP4 (seismic risk) and WP5 (city scenarios) of risk module of EMME (Earthquake Model of the Middle East Region) project. First step was creation databases (inventory) of elements at risk in GIS. Element at risk were the buildings, population, pipelines. The inventories was studied and Created in GIS for the following categories: Building material, number of stories, number of entrances, condition of building, building period. For pipelines pipe tipe (continous or segmented), material, pipe diameter. Very important is to estimate the initial cost of building for assessment of economic losses. From this purpose the attempt was done and the algorithm of this estimation were prepared taking into account obtained the inventory. Build quality, reliability and durability are of special importance to corresponding state agencies and include different aesthetic, engineering, practical, social, technological and economical aspects. The necessity that all of these aspects satisfy existing normative requirements becomes evident as the building and structures come into exploitation. The long term usage of building is very complex. It relates to the reliability and durability of buildings. The long term usage and durability of a building is determined by the concept of depreciation. Depreciation of an entire building is calculated by summing the products of individual construction unit' depreciation rates and the corresponding value of these units within the building. This method of calculation is based on an assumption that depreciation is proportional to the building's (constructions) useful life. We used this methodology to create a matrix, which provides a way to evaluate the depreciation rates of buildings with different type and construction period and to determine their corresponding value. Finely some attempt was done to investigate how these structures were damaged by various hazards. In other words vulnerability curves were constrained on the basis on the relation between various hazard intensities and damage data.

Tsereteli, N.; Arabidze, V.; Varazanashvili, O.; Gugeshashvili, T.

2012-04-01

384

61 FR 5531 - Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the Georgia Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...civil rights in Georgia, and on the affirmative action and equal opportunity programs of the Atlanta Committee on the Olympic Games, and discuss civil rights problems and/ or progress in Georgia and the United States. Persons desiring...

1996-02-13

385

33 CFR 165.751 - Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. 165...Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a...the right descending bank of the Savannah River. All marine traffic is...

2010-07-01

386

33 CFR 165.751 - Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. 165...Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a...the right descending bank of the Savannah River. All marine traffic is...

2013-07-01

387

33 CFR 165.T0704 - Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. 165... § 165.T0704 Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a...military equipment and transiting the Savannah River. (b) Effective...

2009-07-01

388

33 CFR 165.751 - Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. 165...Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a...the right descending bank of the Savannah River. All marine traffic is...

2009-07-01

389

33 CFR 165.T0704 - Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. 165... § 165.T0704 Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a...military equipment and transiting the Savannah River. (b) Effective...

2010-07-01

390

3 CFR - Unexpected Urgent Humanitarian Needs Related to Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Georgia  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Unexpected Urgent Humanitarian Needs Related to Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Georgia Presidential...Unexpected Urgent Humanitarian Needs Related to Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Georgia Memorandum...urgent refugee and migration needs in Pakistan and Afghanistan resulting from...

2009-01-01

391

Geology and Paleontology of Five Cores from Screven and Burke Counties, Eastern Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Stratigraphy and Depositional Environments of Sediments from Five Cores from Screven and Burke Counties, Georgia; Late Companian (Zone CC 22) Coccoliths from the Millhaven Core, Screven County, Georgia; Late Campanian (Zone CC 22) Coccol...

L. E. Edwards

2000-01-01

392

76 FR 4584 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Georgia; Disapproval of Interstate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirements are addressed through several regulations and legislation, including Georgia Rule 391-3- 1-.02(2)(sss)--Multi-pollutant Control for Electric Utility Steam Generating Units and Georgia Rule...

2011-01-26

393

Ecological investigation of a hazardous waste site, Warner Robins, Georgia  

SciTech Connect

Zone 1, Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, has been designated a National Priorities List Site by the US Environmental Protection Agency. The Remedial Investigation for Zone 1 recommended a quantitative analysis of ecological risk. To accomplish this task a characterization of the bottomland hardwood forest ecosystem present on the base was required. This ecological characterization included the study of hydrology, aquatic and wildlife biology, and wetlands ecology where potential impacts were in question. In addition, a suitable reference area was studied. The hydrologic investigation consisted primarily of the installation of water level recorders and staff gauges, collection of surface water data, installation of piezometers and collection of groundwater data, and the collection of rainfall data. The aquatic biology investigation centered around the sampling of benthic macroinvertebrate communities, bioassay toxicity tests for surface water and sediment, fish sampling, aquatic macrophyte collection, macrophyte collection, and emergent and free-floating plant collection. The wildlife biology investigation focused on a breeding bird survey. The wetlands ecology investigation comprised the collection of soil and vegetation samples and using the Wetland Evaluation Technique (WET) to assess the functions and values of the wetlands present.

Wade, M.C. (Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)); Billig, P. (Federal Programs Corp., Denver, CO (United States))

1993-01-01

394

A Peach of a Telehealth Program: Georgia Connects Rural Communities to Better Healthcare  

PubMed Central

This article presents Georgia's telehealth response to some of the significant healthcare challenges and disparities facing the rural citizens of this state. When compared to their urban and suburban counterparts, rural communities have fewer healthcare providers, and residents must travel longer distances to reach them. Georgia's statewide telemedicine network, the Georgia Partnership for TeleHealth (GPT), uses information technology to improve the efficiency and quality of healthcare and health outcomes for underserved populations in Georgia.

Brewer, Rena; Goble, GiGi; Guy, Paula

2011-01-01

395

Georgia's Health Safety Net: A Model of Excellence: The Good Samaritan Health Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The state of Georgia continues to struggle with the large amount of people who lack the ability to obtain healthcare when needed. Over a million Georgians have no health insurance, and face a variety of barriers to receiving healthcare. There are many layers to Georgia’s safety net, where each clinic provides primary care in certain areas to a specific population

Erin Hiers

2009-01-01

396

33 CFR 167.1330 - In Haro Strait, Boundary Pass, and the Strait of Georgia: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false In Haro Strait, Boundary Pass, and the Strait of Georgia: General...167.1330 In Haro Strait, Boundary Pass, and the Strait of Georgia: General...separation scheme in Haro Strait, Boundary Pass, and the Strait of Georgia...

2013-07-01

397

Microbial water quality of recreational lakes near Tbilisi, Georgia.  

PubMed

Microbial safety of recreational water is one of the major human public health issues in developing countries. Three water bodies, the Tbilisi Sea, Kumisi and Lisi lakes, in the South Caucasus region near Tbilisi, Georgia, were monitored in 2006-2009 to determine microbiological quality using standard methods. Microbial pollution indicators were determined in parallel with phytoplankton abundance and measurement of a number of physical-chemical parameters. Kumisi Lake, a brackish water body in an active agricultural area, appeared to be the most polluted, whereas the Tbilisi Sea, a freshwater reservoir was the least polluted. High values for fecal indicators in all three lakes in summer and early autumn were revealed. In our study, total enterococci counts (TEC) appeared to be a better indicator than either fecal or total coliform counts for the evaluation of fresh and brackish microbial water quality. We found significant correlation between total Vibrio counts and TEC for all three water bodies. Prevalence of somatic coliphages and V. cholerae-specific phages as additional water pollution indicator significantly correlated with abundance of the host bacteria. Particular phytoplankton groups in the lakes responded to the changes of fecal indicators; however, no correlation was observed between dominant zooplankton taxonomic groups and microbial parameters. PMID:23708580

Jaiani, Ekaterine; Kokashvili, Tamar; Mitaishvili, Nino; Elbakidze, Tinantin; Janelidze, Nino; Lashkhi, Nino; Kalandadze, Rusudan; Mikashavidze, Eteri; Natroshvili, Gulnara; Whitehouse, Chris A; Huq, Anwar; Tediashvili, Marina

2013-06-01

398

New underwater acoustic tank facility at Georgia Tech  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A large underwater acoustic tank facility located in the Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at Georgia Tech has recently been completed. The facility includes a rectangular concrete water tank 25 feet deep, 25 feet wide, and 34 feet long containing around 160,000 gallons of water. There are three computer-controlled positioners: an x-y-z-theta positioner and a z-theta positioner mounted on carriages and a bottom mounted rotator. The facility has a large rectangular nearfield array which can be used either as a receiver or a transmitter. A single vertical nearfield line array can be translated by the x-y positioner to synthesize a cylindrical nearfield receiving array. The rectangular nearfield transmitting array and the synthesized cylindrical receiving array were designed to be used with the bottom mounted rotator to measure the true farfield bistatic target strength of any target up to one meter in length as a function of the target aspect angle. Such measurements can be done from 2 kHz to over 10 kHz. The tank is being used for transducer development, materials, and flow noise studies in addition to structural acoustics. Several available multichannel data acquisition systems will be described. [Work supported, in part, by a DURIP grant from ONR.

Gray, Michael; Herkert, Ralph; McCall, George, II; Caille, Gary; Biesel, Van; Bogle, John; Caspall, Jayme; Hahn, Steven; Lamb, Adam; Logan, Thomas

2002-11-01

399

Demographic manipulation in the Caucasus (with special reference to Georgia).  

PubMed

The author discusses political developments in the Caucasus region since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The focus is on the events in Georgia that led to the war in South Ossetia (particularly in Abkhazia), and the author suggests that this development is the latest in a 200-year history of demographic manipulation of minority peoples by the region's two major powers, Russia and Georgia. Parallels are drawn between the Georgian war in Abkhazia and Russia's war in Chechenia. The author questions the value of the principle of territorial integrity, and suggests that alternative principles safeguarding the rights of ethnic minorities would be more appropriate in these circumstances. PMID:12292909

Hewitt, B G

1995-01-01

400

Water - Essential Resource of the Southern Flint River Basin, Georgia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Introduction Abundant water resources of the Flint River Basin have played a major role in the history and development of southwestern Georgia. The Flint River-along with its tributaries, wetlands, and swamps-and the productive aquifers of the river basin are essential components of the area's diverse ecosystems. These resources also are necessary for sustained agricultural, industrial, and municipal activities. Increasing, and in some cases conflicting, demand for water makes careful monitoring and wise planning and management of southwestern Georgia's water resources critical to the ecological and economic future of the area. This poster presents the major issues associated with increasing competition for water resources in the southern Flint River Basin.

Warner, Debbie; Norton, Virgil

2004-01-01

401

Wood energy in Georgia: a five-year progress report  

SciTech Connect

An increasing number of industrial plants and public and residential facilities in Georgia are using wood, Georgia's greatest renewable energy source, to replace gas, oil, coal, and electricity. All wood systems described in this report are or will soon be in operation in schools, prisons, hospitals, and other state facilities, and are producing substantial financial savings. The economic values from increased markets and jobs are important in all areas of the state, with total benefits projected at $2.9 million a year for state taxpayers. 2 figures.

Not Available

1982-01-01

402

Extreme drought: summary of hydrologic conditions in Georgia, 2011  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) Georgia Water Science Center (GaWSC) maintains a long-term hydrologic monitoring network of more than 320 realtime streamgages, including 10 real-time lake-level monitoring stations and 63 realtime water-quality monitors. Additionally, the GaWSC operates more than 180 groundwater wells, 35 of which are real-time. One of the many benefits from this monitoring network is that the data analyses provide an overview of the hydrologic conditions of rivers, creeks, reservoirs, and aquifers in Georgia.

Knaak, Andrew E.; Frantz, Eric R.; Peck, Michael F.

2013-01-01

403

Distal and Proximal Resource Influences on Economic Dependency among the Oldest Old  

PubMed Central

Background As exceptional survivors, centenarians may have characteristics that reduce their dependency on family and community support systems despite the expectation that their extreme age creates a burden on those systems. The Georgia Centenarian Study obtained information about assistance for income, medical care, and caregiving of all types for a sample of centenarians and octogenarians. Previous studies have not established which characteristics may contribute to economic dependency among the oldest old. Objective To identify distal and proximal resource influences on economic dependency, considering past lifestyle, proximal health, economic resources, personality, and coping behavior. Methods Analysis sample sizes ranged from 109 to 138 octogenarians and centenarians. Blockwise multiple regressions predicted whether they received income assistance, number of medical care events, number of caregiving types, and total caregiving hours. Results Past life style, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, functional health, and coping were not related to economic dependency. With the exception of the number of types of care, centenarians were not more dependent than octogenarians. Cognitive ability had the strongest effects for medical care and caregiving services. ‘Extraversion’, ‘ideas’, ‘neuroticism’, and ‘competence’ personality factors had significant effects for caregiving types and total hours of care received. Conclusion Monitoring and intervention to maintain cognitive ability are critical practices for autonomy and reduced economic dependency among the oldest old. Psychological resources are more important influences on social support than functional health and other proximal economic resources.

MacDonald, Maurice; Aneja, Aradhana; Martin, Peter; Margrett, Jennifer; Poon, Leonard W.

2010-01-01

404

Three-dimenstional crustal velocity structure beneath the strait of georgia, British Columbia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Strait of Georgia is a topographic depression straddling the boundary between the Insular and Coast belts in southwestern British Columbia. Two shallow earthquakes located within the strait (M = 4.6 in 1997 and M = 5.0 in 1975) and felt throughout the Vancouver area illustrate the seismic potential of this region. As part of the 1998 Seismic Hazards Investigation of Puget Sound (SHIPS) experiment, seismic instruments were placed in and around the Strait of Georgia to record shots from a marine source within the strait. We apply a tomographic inversion procedure to first-arrival travel-time data to derive a minimum-structure 3-D P-wave velocity model for the upper crust to about 13 km depth. We also present a 2-D velocity model for a profile orientated across the Strait of Georgia derived using a minimum-parameter traveltime inversion approach. This paper represents the first detailed look at crustal velocity variations within the major Cretaceous to Cenozoic Georgia Basin, which underlies the Strait of Georgia. The 3-D velocity model clearly delineates the structure of the Georgia Basin. Taking the 6 km s-1 isovelocity contour to represent the top of the underlying basement, the basin thickens from between 2 and 4 km in the northwestern half of the strait to between 8 and 9 km at the southeastern end of the study region. Basin velocities in the northeastern half are 4.5-6 km s-1 and primarily represent the Upper Cretaceous Nanaimo Group. Velocities to the south are lower (3-6 km s-1) because of the additional presence of the overlying Tertiary Huntingdon Formation and more recent sediments, including glacial and modern Fraser River deposits. In contrast to the relatively smoothly varying velocity structure of the basin, velocities of the basement rocks, which comprise primarily Palaeozoic to Jurassic rocks of the Wrangellia Terrane and possibly Jurassic to mid-Cretaceous granitic rocks of the Coast Belt, show significantly more structure, probably an indication of the varying basement rock lithologies. The 2-D velocity model more clearly reveals the velocity layering associated with the recent sediments, Huntingdon Formation and Nanaimo Group of the southern Georgia Basin, as well as the underlying basement. We interpret lateral variation in sub-basin velocities of the 2-D model as a transition from Wrangellian to Coast Belt basement rocks. The effect of the narrow, onshore-offshore recording geometry of the seismic experiment on model resolution was tested to allow a critical assessment of the validity of the 3-D velocity model. Lateral resolution throughout the model to a depth of 3-5 km below the top of the basement is generally 10-20 km.

Zelt, B. C.; Ellis, R. M.; Zelt, C. A.; Hyndman, R. D.; Lowe, C.; Spence, G. D.; Fisher, M. A.

2001-01-01

405

Are mitochondrial haplogroups associated with extreme longevity? A study on a Spanish cohort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mitochondrial haplogroups could influence individual susceptibility to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage, and human longevity,\\u000a as indicated by previous studies with Caucasian (European) or Asian cohorts. Here, we compared the frequency of mtDNA haplogroups\\u000a in a group of Spanish (Caucasian) centenarians (n?=?65, aged 100–108 years, 58 women, most from the central part of Spain) and a group of healthy young adults (n?=?138,

Tomàs Pinós; Gisela Nogales-Gadea; Jonatan R. Ruiz; Gabriel Rodríguez-Romo; Catalina Santiago-Dorrego; Carmen Fiuza-Luces; Félix Gómez-Gallego; Amalia Cano-Nieto; Nuria Garatachea; María Morán; Miguel Angel Martín; Joaquín Arenas; Antoni L. Andreu; Alejandro Lucia

406

PERFORMANCE OF NINE PECAN CULTIVARS AND SELECTIONS IN SOUTHERN GEORGIA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Nine pecan clones were evaluated for 18 years in a test orchard in southern Georgia. Tested clones included six USDA selections, the USDA release 'Sioux', and the seedling selections 'Jackson' and 'Kicklighter #1'. Yields and alternate bearing pattern were measured for each clone. A subsample of n...

407

A New Skull of Early Homo from Dmanisi, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Another hominid skull has been recovered at Dmanisi (Republic of Georgia) from the same strata in which hominid remains have been reported previously. The Dmanisi site dated to ~1.75 million years ago has now produced craniofacial portions of several hominid individuals, along with many well-preserved animal fossils and quantities of stone artifacts. Although there are certain anatomical differences among the

Abesalom Vekua; David Lordkipanidze; G. Philip Rightmire; Jordi Agusti; Reid Ferring; Givi Maisuradze; Alexander Mouskhelishvili; Medea Nioradze; Marcia Ponce de Leon; Martha Tappen; Merab Tvalchrelidze; Christoph Zollikofer

2002-01-01

408

Postcranial evidence from early Homo from Dmanisi, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Plio-Pleistocene site of Dmanisi, Georgia, has yielded a rich fossil and archaeological record documenting an early presence of the genus Homo outside Africa. Although the craniomandibular morphology of early Homo is well known as a result of finds from Dmanisi and African localities, data about its postcranial morphology are still relatively scarce. Here we describe newly excavated postcranial material

David Lordkipanidze; Tea Jashashvili; Abesalom Vekua; Marcia S. Ponce de León; Christoph P. E. Zollikofer; G. Philip Rightmire; Herman Pontzer; Reid Ferring; Oriol Oms; Martha Tappen; Maia Bukhsianidze; Jordi Agusti; Ralf Kahlke; Gocha Kiladze; Bienvenido Martinez-Navarro; Alexander Mouskhelishvili; Medea Nioradze; Lorenzo Rook

2007-01-01

409

Performance of recycled mixtures in State of Georgia. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) has been constructing recycled asphalt pavements routinely for about four years. This research project was undertaken to evaluate the performance of recycled pavements in comparison to virgin (control) asphalt pavements. Five projects, each consisting of a recycled section and a control section, were subjected to detailed evaluation. In-situ mix properties (such as percent air

P. S. Kandhal; S. S. Rao; B. Young

1994-01-01

410

NITROUS OXIDE CONCENTRATIONS IN SMALL STREAMS OF THE GEORGIA PIEDMONT  

EPA Science Inventory

We are measuring the dissolved nitrous oxide concentration in 17 headwater streams in the South Fork Broad River, Georgia watershed on a monthly basis. The selected small streams drain watersheds dominated by forest, pasture, developed, or mixed land uses. Nitrous oxide concentr...

411

School Business Officials and the Price of Education in Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Between the 1966-76 and 1976-77 school years, expenditures per pupil for the maintenance and operation of Georgia public schools rose 146 percent. Even after adjustments for inflation, this is a substantial increase. Faced with taxpayer resistance to increasing taxes, educational leaders can choose from three options. They can adopt an aggressive…

Matthews, Kenneth M.

412

Intelligence Aspects of the 2008 Conflict Between Russia and Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the status and recent evolution of Georgian intelligence agencies, and in particular how well they have performed with respect to the Russian challenge since President Saakashvili assumed power in 2004. The article also discusses Georgian intelligence with respect to its international engagement, and recommends options for NATO that would assist Georgia in reforming and professionalizing its intelligence

Stéphane Lefebvre; Roger N. McDermott

2009-01-01

413

Failing Georgia: The Case against the Ban on Social Promotion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To make a case against recently passed legislation in Georgia banning social promotion, one must start by examining the state's rationale for the decision that based on the perceived views teachers have on the issue. Research suggests, however, that teachers hold contradictory opinions concerning the use of standardized tests for high-stakes…

Livingston, Donald R.; Livingston, Sharon M.

414

TROPICAL SPIDERWORT IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL IN GEORGIA FIELD CROPS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Tropical spiderwort (Commelina benghalensis), also known as Benghal dayflower, is a noxiuous, exotic invasive weed that has become a serious pest in many Georgia agricultural areas. A native of tropical Asia and Africa, tropical spiderwort was first observed in the United States in 1928 and placed ...

415

Teacher Competency Testing and Reading Specialty Preparation in Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of Georgia not only assesses the generic teaching competencies that are necessary for all teachers seeking certification, but also administers 28 separate criterion referenced tests, each for a different content-specialty area. Among the most recent of these tests is the Reading Specialist Test, the development of which involved…

Flippo, Rona F.; And Others

416

Governor James Wright in Georgia, 1760-1782.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of pamphlets about the American Revolution in Georgia, this document examines the role of James Wright as British governor in the colony, and his viewpoints about revolution from 1765-1775. The pamphlet can be used as supplementary reading or as a one-week unit for junior or senior high school students. A brief teacher's guide is…

Coleman, Kenneth

417

Re-Inventing Mississippian Tradition at Etowah, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frequent population movement and political re-organization spurred a pattern of repeated abandonment at the Mississippian mound center of Etowah in the southeastern United States. These processes also characterized the larger surrounding region in north Georgia and southeast Tennessee. The Etowah abandonments provided inflection points where interest groups were able to distance themselves from previous conventions of structure and reformulate new

Charles R. Cobb; Adam King

2005-01-01

418

Competency Based Certification of School Administrators: The Georgia Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Georgia's competency testing program has gained national recognition and has served as a model for other states planning such programs. The focus of this paper is on the Teacher Certification Test (TCT) in Administration and Supervision developed to conform to stringent legal and job-relatedness requirements. The test is required of educators…

Schnittjer, Carl J.; Flippo, Rona F.

419

Quality Assurance through Performance Evaluation of School SLPs in Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two performance instruments used in Georgia for the assessment and certification of speech language pathologists (SLPs) are described. All school SLPs are required to attain a passing score on the written Teacher Certification Test for Speech-Language Pathologists (TCT-SLP). Analysis of test results from 1982 through May, 1986 indicated that 63%…

Berryman, Joan; And Others

420

Cosmic Impact in the Piedmont of Georgia? The Woodbury Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Woodbury structure is a 7 km diameter circular basin with an elevated quartzite rim situated in west-central Georgia. The morphology and setting are discussed with regard to an impact hypothesis. Preliminary results of fieldwork and petrography are presented.

Albin, E. F.; King, D. T., Jr.; Harris, R. S.; Petruny, L. W.; Jaret, S. J.; Gibson, J. C.

2006-03-01

421

The Georgia Tech Unmanned Aerial Research Vehicle: GTMax  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design, development, and operation of a research Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) system that has been developed at the Georgia Institute of Technology, called the GTMax. This description will include the processes put in place to enable the system to be used for UAV-technology research, including effective flight testing. Research UAVs are characterized by the need for

Eric N. Johnson; Daniel P. Schrage

2003-01-01

422

A Plio-Pleistocene hominid from Dmanisi, East Georgia, Caucasus  

Microsoft Academic Search

ARCHAEOLOGICAL excavations at the mediaeval site of Dmanisi (East Georgia) revealed that the town was built on a series of deposits yielding Late Villafranchian mammalian fossils and led to the discovery in late 1991 of a well preserved early human mandible. Dmanisi, where excavations are being carried out by a joint expedition of the Archaeological Research Centre of the Georgian

L. Gabunia; A. Vekua

1995-01-01

423

Medical College of Georgia Fact Book 1978-79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The third edition of the Medical College of Georgia (MCG) fact book provides a chronicle of the year 1978-1979, reflecting data and events important to the institution. Sections include: general information/Augusta; general information/MCG; administration; budget and physical plant; library/learning resources; faculty; continuing education;…

Georgia Medical Coll., Augusta.

424

Georgia's Breastfeeding Promotion Program for Low-Income Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Beginning in 1990, Georgia's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, In- fants, and Children (WIC) initiated 5 new strategies to promote breastfeeding among its pregnant and postpar- tum clients. These strategies were implemented in 1991, each to be provided as an addition to its standard pro- gram of counseling on breastfeeding and distributing appropriate literature: 1) enhanced breastfeeding educa-

Indu B. Ahluwalia; Irene Tessaro; Laurence M. Grummer-Strawn

2010-01-01

425

Teaching about Coastal Georgia: A Sea Grant Curriculum Development Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the framework and 31 model lessons developed by the University of Georgia's Sea Grant Project, the major purpose of which is to make upper elementary and secondary students more aware of coastal and marine affairs. An illustrative lesson is included. (RM)|

Hawkins, Michael L.

1982-01-01

426

40 CFR 282.60 - Georgia State-Administered Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...sections of the Georgia Underground Storage Tank Act: 12-13-5âRules and regulations; enforcement powers, 12-13-8âInvestigations, 12-13-14âCorrective action for violations of chapter, rules, etc., and for release of...

2013-07-01

427

The war in Georgia and the Western response  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers Western, and most particularly American, policy towards Tbilisi in the Russo-Georgian war of August 2008. The article does not accept the view of Russian leaders that the United States actively promoted the Georgian attack on South Ossetia. It does, however, argue that Washington's alliance with Georgia was sufficiently close to make President Saakashvili believe he would receive

Mike Bowker

2011-01-01

428

Late - Summer Nesting Sites of Quail in South Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An exploratory investigation in south Georgia indicates that quail seem to prefer freshly burned areas and I-year roughs as late-summer nesting sites. Bluestem grasses were most frequently used as nesting cover and as nest sites, and optimum herbaceous co...

1970-01-01

429

Conservation Effects Assessment in the South Georgia Little River Watershed  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Little River Experimental Watershed (LREW) located in the upper Coastal Plain region of Southern Georgia is one of the 14 benchmark watersheds involved in the Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP). The Southeast Watershed Research Laboratory (SEWRL) initiated a hydrologic research prog...

430

Doduk Kyoyuk: Moral Education in South Korea and Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares two approaches to character education: (1) the centralized, national approach in South Korean elementary schools; and (2) the legislatively mandated initiative in Georgia (United States) specifically looking at Friendship Elementary School in Hall County. Discusses the similarities and differences between the character education…

Kim, Hang-In

2000-01-01

431

The Georgia Psychoeducational Network (GPN) Research Report, 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research report contains seven papers on students with serious Emotional Disturbances (SED) and/or Severe Behavior Disorder (SBD) who participated in the Georgia Psychoeducational Network Program (GPN). "The 1982 Cohort of GPN Preschoolers--Where Are They in 1987-1988?" (Juanda Ponsell and others) reports the placement of 75 preschoolers…

Swan, William W., Ed.; Brown, Carvin L., Ed.

1988-01-01

432

Ocmulgee Structure, Georgia (USA): Searching for Evidence of Impact  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ocmulgee structure of south-central Georgia is a subtle domal feature that is surrounded by the arcs of two major rivers, the Ocmulgee and Oconee. This paper is a progress report on outcrop work looking for any shocked materials in that area.

Weatherington, P. H.; King, D. T.

2011-03-01

433

Georgia's Compensation Model: A Step in the Right Direction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses House Bill 280 as a response to the state of Georgia's drastic need to recruit and produce highly qualified mathematics teachers. The bill attempts to address the shortage of fully certified secondary mathematics and science teachers by offering additional compensation to aide recruitment. The bill also provides incentives…

Oppong, Nicholas; de Araujo, Zandra U.; Lowe, Laura; Marshall, Anne Marie; Singletary, Laura

2009-01-01

434

SEESAU: University of Georgia's Electronic Journal Verification System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In support of its increasing electronic journal collection, William T. Murray from the University of Georgia Libraries has developed an access verification tool called SEESAU (Serial Experimental Electronic Subscription Access Utilities). This Web interface has utilized UGA's integrated library system and link resolver to coordinate approximately 37,000 access checks since January 2007. A problem resolution system is included as part

Maria Collins; William T. Murray

2009-01-01

435

Intersex Condition of Shoal Bass in the Flint River, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined male shoal bass Micropterus cataractae from the Flint River, Georgia, to determine the prevalence of intersex. During March and April 2010, we sampled 61 shoal bass from six sites along the Flint River. Testes were examined histologically and classified as intersex if the presence of oocytes was noted. Using a severity index, we compared samples collected on different

Dallas R. Ingram; Debra L. Miller; Travis R. Ingram; Josh E. Tannehill

2011-01-01

436

[Chicoric and chlorogenic acids in various plants growing in Georgia].  

PubMed

Chicoric acid was isolated from dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Wigg.) leaves by column chromatography. Conditions for HPLC analysis of chicoric and chlorogenic acids were optimized. These acids were assayed in some plants growing in Georgia. The optimum conservation temperature for the preservation of chicoric and chlorogenic acids in leaves of dandelion and bilberry (Vaccinium arctostaphylos L.) was determined. PMID:11357428

Chkhikvishvili, I D; Kharebava, G I

437

Wood residue biomass energy in Georgia. Research report 452  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this project were: (1) to determine local biomass fuel supplies, their prices, and current market distribution throughout the Southeast with emphasis on Georgia; (2) to determine moisture content, foreign matter and storage characteristics which influence combustion efficiency and handling practices of sawmill and logging residues and wood chips from different sources throughout the state; and (3) to

G. C. W. Ames; B. B. Dunavent

1984-01-01

438

An Account of Georgia's Experience with the Regents' English Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assure that students graduating from the institutions of higher education in Georgia possess basic academic literacy, an essay test was devised to provide system-wide information on the status of student competence in the areas of reading and writing and to identify those students who do not attain the expected levels of competence. The…

Naugle, Helen H.

439

Georgia Middle Grades Writing Assessment and Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide to the Georgia Middle Grades Writing Assessment (MGWA) serves the purpose of improving writing and writing instruction. It includes a description of test administration conditions, a sample test booklet, and a structured overview of the writing assessment. Prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, and proofreading are explained in the…

Bass, Bill; Brigman, Donna; Brooks, Gordon, Jr.; Edgar, Laurie; Melton, Mark; Rumbaugh, Will

440

Ecological investigation of a hazardous waste site, Warner Robins, Georgia  

SciTech Connect

Landfill No. 4 and the sludge lagoon at Robins Air Force Base, Warner Robins, Georgia, were added to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Priorities List in 1987 because of highpotential for contaminant migration. Warner Robins is located approximately 90 miles southeast of Atlanta. In 1990 CH2M HILL conducted a Remedial Investigation at the base that recommended that further ecological assessment investigations be conducted (CH2M HILL 1990). The subject paper is the result of this recommendation. The ecological study was carried out by the Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program (HAZWRAP)Division of Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., working jointly with its subcontractor CDM (CDM 1992a). The primary area of investigation (Zone 1) included the sludge lagoon, Landfill No. 4, the wetland area east of the landfill and west of Hannah Road (including two sewage treatment ponds), and the area between Hannah Road and Horse Creek (Fig. 1). The bottomland forest wetlands of Zone 1 extend from the landfill east to Horse Creek. Surface water and groundwater flow across Zone 1 is generally in an easterly direction toward Horse Creek. Horse Creek is a south-flowing tributary of the Ocmulgee River Floodplain. The objective of the study was to perform a quantitative analysis of ecological risk associated with the ecosystems present in Zone 1. This investigation was unique because the assessment was to be based upon many measurement endpoints resulting in both location-specific data and data that would assess the condition of the overall ecosystem. The study was segregated into five distinct field investigations: hydrology, surface water and sediment, aquatic biology, wetlands ecology, and wildlife biology.

Wade, M. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Billig, P. (Camp Dresser and McKee, Inc., Denver, CO (United States))

1993-01-01

441

Alcohol use among high school students - Georgia, 2007.  

PubMed

Excessive alcohol consumption contributes to an average of approximately 4,700 deaths among underage youths in the United States each year (e.g., from homicides, motor-vehicle crashes, and suicides) and an average of 60 years of life lost per death. Although drinking by underaged persons (<21 years) is illegal in every state, youths aged 12-20 years drink nearly 20% of all the alcohol consumed in the United States. To characterize alcohol consumption by high school students in Georgia, the Georgia Division of Public Health analyzed data from the 2007 Georgia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). This report summarizes the results of that survey, which indicated that 38% of Georgia high school students reported current alcohol use, and 19% reported binge drinking in the past 30 days. Among students who reported current alcohol use, 44% reported that the usual type of alcohol they consumed was liquor (e.g., bourbon, rum, scotch, vodka, or whiskey), 58% reported that their usual location of alcohol consumption was at another person's home, and 37% reported that their usual source of alcohol was someone giving it to them. These results underscore the need for further research in Georgia and other states on underage drinking behavior, motives, and access to alcohol, which could facilitate development of additional effective intervention strategies. Evidence-based interventions should be sustained and strengthened; these include enforcing the age 21 minimum legal drinking age; increasing alcohol excise taxes; limiting alcohol outlet density; and maintaining existing limits on the days when alcohol can be sold. PMID:19696717

2009-08-21

442

Ratings of the Georgia Business Education Industry Certification Standards by Georgia Educators and Business and Industry Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Georgia business teachers (49 industry certified, 188 not industry certified) and 378 business representatives rated 80 business education industry certification standards developed by the state department and the Society for Human Resource Management. Teachers generally rated them higher, but all three groups commented on lack of funds, lack of…

Crews, Tena B.; Stitt-Gohdes, Wanda L.

1995-01-01

443

Trends in the use of outpatient psychiatric services in the republic of Georgia.  

PubMed

For a long time, in Georgia, as in most eastern European and post-soviet countries, mental health services have been mainly ran in large institutions with restricted financial and professional resources. In 2010, Ministry of Health and Social Affairs of Georgia declared the reforms in mental health care system. The ongoing reforms are actively supported by many international organizations, but there still some local and cultural barriers that should be carefully analyzed. The study aimed to identify factors affecting referral to the outpatient mental health services and to describe the trends of common therapeutic interventions. The cases of patients who referred to the outpatient mental health services during one year in 2011-12 have been studied. Investigation the trends of referral to outpatient psychiatric services in Georgia showed that patients with severe and chronic psychosis less likely apply to outpatient psychiatric services. In most of the cases they come for single consultation and revealed significant problems in treatment adherence. Patients from remote areas prefer to visit central outpatient clinic, rather than go to their local, free of charge facilities. The main reasons of referral appeared behavioural (hyperactivity, retardation) and emotional problems (depression, anxiety). Due to insufficient legislative and financial support patients could not receive psychological treatments. The treatment outcome significantly depends on treatment compliance and level of education. Educated patients were much more disciplined in keeping their prescription and appointments. The additional effort need to be focused on improving patients' attitude toward local psychiatric services and enhancing coordination between in and outpatient mental health services. PMID:23482365

Kenchadze, V; Chkonia, E; Beria, Z

2013-02-01

444

Tobacco Use and Nicotine Dependence among Conflict-Affected Men in the Republic of Georgia  

PubMed Central

Background: There is very little evidence globally on tobacco use and nicotine dependence among civilian populations affected by armed conflict, despite key vulnerability factors related to elevated mental disorders and socio-economic stressors. The study aim was to describe patterns of smoking and nicotine dependence among conflict-affected civilian men in the Republic of Georgia and associations with mental disorders. Methods: A cross-sectional household survey using multistage random sampling was conducted in late 2011 among conflict-affected populations in Georgia. Respondents included in this paper were 1,248 men aged ?18 years who were internally displaced persons (IDPs) and former IDPs who had returned in their home areas. Outcomes of current tobacco use, heavy use (?20 cigarettes per day), and nicotine dependence (using the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence) were used. PTSD, depression, anxiety and hazardous alcohol use were also measured, along with exposure to traumatic events and a range of demographic and socio-economic characteristics. Results: Of 1,248 men, 592 (47.4%) smoked and 70.9% of current smokers were heavy smokers. The mean nicotine dependence score was 5.0 and the proportion with high nicotine dependence (?6) was 41.4%. In multivariate regression analyses, nicotine dependence was significantly associated with PTSD (? 0.74) and depression (? 0.85), along with older age (except 65+ years), and being a returnee (compared to IDPs). Conclusions: The study reveals very high levels of heavy smoking and nicotine dependence among conflict-affected persons in Georgia. The associations between nicotine dependence, PTSD and depression suggest interventions could yield synergistic benefits.

Roberts, Bayard; Chikovani, Ivdity; Makhashvili, Nino; Patel, Vikram; McKee, Martin

2013-01-01

445

Self-rated health and social capital in transitional countries: Multilevel analysis of comparative surveys in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of social capital on self-rated health in transitional countries of the South Caucasus region. The study is based on recent, 2009, cross-sectional nationally-representative surveys of 2082 respondents in Armenia, 2014 in Azerbaijan, and 1837 in Georgia with response rate of 78–80%. Two-level random-coefficient ordered logistic regression, modeling individual and community

Nazim N. Habibov; Elvin N. Afandi

2011-01-01

446

Irrigation Projections in Georgia's Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa and Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint Basins: 1995–2020  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we use an ecreage-response model to complementthe 1995 USDA\\/NRCS study of water demand in agriculture in theACF river basin of Georgia through the year 2020. Due to priceeffects, our results show that cotton, peanuts, vegetables andorchards receive a larger fraction of irrigation than they do inthe NRCS model, while corn receives significantly less. Inaddition, we model peanut

Charles B. Moss; Chris de Bodisco

2002-01-01

447

Water-supply potential of the Upper Floridan aquifer in the vicinity of Savannah, Georgia  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Floridan aquifer is the primary source of freshwater in coastal Georgia. Groundwater withdrawal in the area of Savannah and in the adjacent coastal areas in Georgia and South Carolina has resulted in large regional water-level declines and a reversal of the hydraulic gradient that existed prior to development. Changes in gradient and decreasing water levels are causing lateral encroachment of seawater into the Upper Floridan aquifer at the northern end of Hilton Head Island, SC, and vertical intrusion of saltwater into the Upper and Lower Floridan aquifers in the Brunswick, GA., area. Concerns about future water-supply demands prompted the US Geological Survey and the Chatham County-Savannah Metropolitan Planning Commission to undertake a cooperative study to evaluate the ground-water resources in the Savannah, GA, area. A numerical ground-water flow model was developed and used in conjunction with other previously calibrated models in the coastal areas of Georgia and South Carolina to simulate the effects of additional ground-water withdrawal on water levels. Based on model simulations and the constraint of preventing additional water-level declines at the locations of encroachment and intrusion, the potential of the Upper Floridan aquifer to supply additional water in the Savannah area is limited under present hydrologic conditions. The potential for additional withdrawal in the vicinity of Savannah, GA, ranges from less than 1 million gallons per day (Mgal/d) to about 5 Mgal/d. Because of the limited water-supply potential, hypothetical alternatives of ground-water withdrawal were simulated to determine the effects on water levels. These simulations indicate that reduction and redistribution of ground-water withdrawal would not adversely affect water levels at the locations of encroachment and intrusion.

Garza, R.; Krause, R.E. (Geological Survey, Atlanta, GA (United States))

1993-03-01

448

Distribution and recurrence of phytoplankton blooms around South Georgia, Southern Ocean  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

South Georgia phytoplankton blooms are amongst the largest of the Southern Ocean and are associated with a rich ecosystem and strong atmospheric carbon drawdown. Both aspects depend on the intensity of blooms, but also on their regularity. Here we use data from 12 yr of SeaWiFS ocean colour imagery and calculate the frequency of bloom occurrence (FBO) to re-examine spatial and temporal bloom distributions. We find that upstream of the island and outside the borders of the Georgia Basin, blooms occurred in less than 4 out of the 12 yr (FBO < 4). In contrast, FBO was mostly greater than 8 downstream of the island, i.e. to the north and northwest, and in places equal to 12, indicating that blooms occurred every year. The typical bloom area, defined as the region where blooms occurred in at least 8 out of the 12 yr, covers the entire Georgia Basin and the northern shelf of the island. The time series of surface chlorophyll-a (chl-a) concentrations averaged over the typical bloom area shows that phytoplankton blooms occurred in every year between September 1997 and September 2010, and that chl-a values followed a clear seasonal cycle, with concentration peaks around December followed in many years by a second peak during late austral summer or early autumn, suggesting a bi-modal bloom pattern. The bloom regularity we describe here is in contrast with results of Park et al. (2010) who used a significantly different study area including regions that almost never exhibit bloom conditions.

Borrione, I.; Schlitzer, R.

2012-08-01

449

The use of trace elements to determine provenance relations among different types of Georgia kaolins  

SciTech Connect

This study evaluates the proposition that different types of commercial kaolin district were derived from different source rocks. This analysis was made by comparing the cobalt, lanthanum, scandium and thorium concentrations of commercial kaolins to in situ kaolins derived from igneous and metamorphic rocks of the southeastern Piedmont provence. These elements are effective provenance indicators of fine grained sedimentary rocks because acidic (i.e., felsic) source rocks contain high levels of thorium and lanthanum; whereas, basic (i.e., basic) source rocks contain high levels of scandium and cobalt. Also, these elements are relatively immobile under surface weathering conditions. The -2 micrometer fraction of in situ kaolins derived from granite and gneiss adjacent to the kaolin belt contains relatively high concentrations of thorium (25.5-86.6 ppm) and lanthanum (46.0-256 ppm) and low concentrations of cobalt (7.5-25.2 ppm) and scandium (13.8-28.3 ppm). In contrast, in situ kaolins derived from intermediate metavolcanic rocks contain relatively low abundances of thorium (5.6-20.7 ppm) and lanthanum (17.5-122 ppm) and high concentrations of cobalt (18.6-55.5 ppm) and scandium (13.8-48.9 ppm). After consideration of factors that cause chemical fractionation of trace elements in low temperature environments the following provenance relationships are indicated: (1) the Cretaceous (soft) kaolins of Middle Georgia and South Carolina are derived from granite and gneiss, (2) the east Georgia and South Carolina Tertiary (hard) kaolins are derived from a mixture of approximately 70% metavolcanic rocks and 30% granite/gneiss source rocks, and (3) the Middle Georgia tertiary (hard) kaolins are derived from predominantly metavolcanic source rocks with distinct zones dominated by detritus from granite/gneiss sources. The differences in source material are controlled by the availability of source material exposed to alteration and erosion during the different time periods.

Dombrowski, T.

1992-01-01

450

Land cover impacts on stream nutrients and fecal coliform in the lower Piedmont of West Georgia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As urbanization infiltrates into rural areas, stream water quality is expected to decline as a result from increased impervious surface and greater sources for pollutants. Consequently, West Georgia’s water quality is threatened by extensive development as well as other land uses such as livestock grazing and silvicultural activity. Maintenance of stream water quality, as land development occurs, is critical for the protection of drinking water and biotic integrity. A 2-phase, watershed-scale study was established to develop relationships among land cover and water quality within western Georgia. During phase 1, nutrient and fecal coliform data were collected within 18 mixed land use watersheds, ranging in size from 500 to 2500 ha. Regression models were developed that related land cover to stream water nutrient and fecal coliform concentrations. Nutrient and fecal coliform concentrations within watersheds having >24% impervious surface (IS) were often higher than those in nonurban watersheds (i.e., <5% IS) during both base flow (N: 1.64 mg/L versus 0.61 mg/L, and FC: 430 versus 120 MPN/100 ml) and storm flow (N: 1.93 mg/L versus 0.36 mg/L, and FC: 1600 versus 167 MPN/100 ml). Fecal coliform bacteria in urbanized areas consistently exceeded the US EPA’s review criterion for recreational waters during both base flow and to a greater extent storm flow. During phase 2, regression models were tested based on data from six newly chosen watersheds with similar land use/cover patterns. Lastly, theoretical watersheds, based on land use percentages, were created to illustrate trends in water quality impairment as land development occurs. The models developed from this research could be used to forecast water quality changes under various land use scenarios in the developing Piedmont region of the US.

Schoonover, Jon E.; Lockaby, B. Graeme

2006-12-01

451

Study Guide for TCT in Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study guide is designed for individuals who are preparing to take the Georgia Teacher Certification Test (TCT) in social studies. The subareas of the test are: (1) historical development, behavioral science; (2) Georgia studies; (3) economics; (4) geography; (5) history; (6) American government; and (7) citizenship. This guide lists content…

Hutcheson, Gwen N.; Lazaroff, Edward J., Ed.

452

Rebel Sovereigns: The Civil War Leadership of Governors John Milton of Florida and Joseph E. Brown of Georgia, 1861-1865  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation is a comparative study of the leadership of two Confederate governors, John Milton of Florida and Joseph E. Brown of Georgia. It examines their relations with the Confederate government as well as relations between the two governors and their respective states. Surprisingly, there are no studies of state-to-state relations during the Civil War, few published in depth accounts

Ridgeway Boyd Murphree

2006-01-01

453

Geochronologic evidence for a possible MIS-11 emergent barrier/beach-ridge in southeastern Georgia, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Predominantly clastic, off-lapping, transgressive, near-shore marine sediment packages that are morphologically expressed as subparallel NE-trending barriers, beach ridges, and associated back-barrier areas, characterize the near-surface stratigraphic section between the Savannah and the Ogeechee Rivers in Effingham County, southeastern Georgia. Each barrier/back-barrier (shoreline) complex is lower than and cut into a higher/older complex. Each barrier or shoreline complex overlies Miocene strata. No direct age data are available for these deposits. Previous researchers have disagreed on their age and provenance. Using luminescence and meteoric beryllium-10 (10Be) inventory analyses, we estimated a minimum age for the largest, westernmost, morphologically identifiable, and topographically-highest, barrier/beach-ridge (the Wicomico shoreline barrier) and constrained the age of a suite of younger barrier/beach-ridges that lie adjacent and seaward of the Wicomico shoreline barrier. At the study site, the near-shore marine/estuarine deposits underlying the Wicomico shoreline barrier are overlain by eolian sand and an intervening zone-of-mixing. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) data indicate ages of ?43 ka for the eolian sand and 116 ka for the zone-of-mixing. Meteoric 10Be and pedostratigraphic data indicate minimum residence times of 33.4 ka for the eolian sand, 80.6 ka for the zone-of-mixing, and 247 ka for the paleosol. The combined OSL and 10Be age data indicate that, at this locality, the barrier/beach ridge has a minimum age of about 360 ka. This age for the Wicomico shoreline-barrier deposit is the first for any Pleistocene near-shore marine/estuarine deposit in southeast Georgia that is conclusively older than 80 ka. The 360-ka minimum age is in agreement with other geochronologic data for near-coastline deposits in Georgia and South Carolina. The geomorphic position of this barrier/beach-ridge is similar to deposits in South Carolina considered to be ~450 ka to >1 Ma. The age and geomorphic data for Georgia and South Carolina possibly suggest the presence of MIS-11 (~420?360 ka) shoreline deposits between 15 m and 28 m above present sea level in the Southeastern Atlantic Coastal Plain.

Markewich, H. W.; Pavich, M. J.; Schultz, A. P.; Mahan, S. A.; Aleman-Gonzalez, W. B.; Bierman, P. R.

2013-01-01

454

Hydrology of the Floridan aquifer system in southeast Georgia and adjacent parts of Florida and South Carolina  

SciTech Connect

The predevelopment and present-day (1980) flow conditions of the Floridan aquifer system in southeast Georgia and adjacent parts of Florida and South Carolina were studied and described as part of the Survey's Regional Aquifer-System Analysis (RASA) program. Computer simulation was used to analyze the flow system and to evaluate the development potential of the aquifer system. Ground-water quality, including saltwater intrusion caused by development is also described.

Krause, R.E.; Randolph, R.B.

1989-01-01

455

In situ stabilization of metals (Cu, Cd, and Zn) in contaminated soils in the region of Bolnisi, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topsoils of the Mashavera valley in SE Georgia are highly contaminated with Cu, Zn and Cd from mining activities in the\\u000a upper reaches of the Mashavera River. Previous laboratory experiments have shown that an in situ immobilization of these metals\\u000a (M) by Fe-oxides would be an adequate remediation technique for the study area. A field experiment was thus initiated

Thomas Hanauer; Peter Felix-Henningsen; Diedrich Steffens; Besik Kalandadze; Levan Navrozashvili; Tengiz Urushadze

2011-01-01

456

Ethical Climate Theory, Whistle-blowing, and the Code of Silence in Police Agencies in the State of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings from a study that investigates the relationship between ethical climates and police whistle-blowing\\u000a on five forms of misconduct in the State of Georgia. The results indicate that a friendship or team climate generally explains\\u000a willingness to blow the whistle, but not the actual frequency of blowing the whistle. Instead, supervisory status, a control\\u000a variable investigated

Gary R. Rothwell; J. Norman Baldwin

2007-01-01

457

The life history of the diving beetle, Lancetes angusticollis (Curtis) (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae), on subAntarctic South Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two populations of the world's most southerly diving beetle (Lancetes angusticollis) were studied on sub-Antarctic South Georgia between November 1995 and April 1996. Parallel observations were made on laboratory\\u000a cultures of each life stage. All juvenile stages of L. angusticollis?are voracious predators, preying mainly on the herbivorous copepod Boeckella poppei. Adult beetles additionally predate benthic ostracods. Laboratory predation rates and

Rodney J. Arnold; Peter Convey

1998-01-01

458

Radionuclide concentrations from waters of selected aquifers in Georgia. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

The report is part of the National Network for Environmental Management Studies under the auspices of the Office of Cooperative Environmental Management of the US Environmental Protection Agency. In 1988 the US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, began a pilot study to investigate the natural occurrence and concentration of Uranium 238, Thorium 232, and Uranium 235 radionuclide series in the ground water for selected aquifers in Georgia. Specific rock types, somewhat geologically homogeneous, were selected as representative of one or more aquifers for each of the geologic provinces in Georgia (Piedmont, Blue Ridge, Valley Ridge, and Coastal Plain). Aquifers sampled within the Piedmont provinces included pre-Cambrian and Paleozoic granite/gneisses and granites from four Piedmont county areas (Gwinnett/Barrow, Greene, Elbert/Oglethorpe, and Spalding/Pike). Ground waters from private water supply wells developed in these aquifers were sampled and analyzed for their radioisotopic and chemical characteristics. Preliminary analysis of 90 ground-water and radioisotopic samples from the pilot study indicates that the geologic setting of the differing aquifers an provinces strongly influences the occurrence of natural radioisotopes in drinking water. Extremely high concentrations of uranium, radium, radon 222, lead 210, and polonium 210 in some aquifers indicate radioisotope enrichment within and near the well bore for some areas. Based on these findings, the present public water monitoring scheme, which is based on gross alpha particle activity, may require modification depending on differing isotopes, rock types, and geological provinces.

Coker, G.; Olive, R.

1989-01-01

459

Georgia Tech project accents rapid EMS design growth  

SciTech Connect

The Georgia Institute of Technology (GIT) is developing an innovative energy management system which already has competitors on the market, although Hy-Cal Engineering and General Electric are considering marketing the Georgia Tech system. An in-house project begun in 1977, the Facilities Management System (GIT-FMS) is designed to save between 10 and 12% on energy costs and was undertaken because the school could not afford a comparable commercial system at the time. Georiga Tech wanted access to the software code and the flexibility to expand the system to state buildings. The GIT-FMS process control system transmits digital and analog information. As a state facility, it can license the technology or rights, but cannot market the system. (DCK)

Cooper, N.

1980-01-14

460

Molecular detection of atrazine catabolism gene atzA in coastal waters of Georgia, Puerto Rico and Trinidad.  

PubMed

In this study, quantitative polymerase chain reaction targeting the atrazine catabolism gene, atzA, was used to detect the presence of atrazine degrading bacteria as an indicator of atrazine contamination in 11 sites in Georgia, nine coastal sites in Puerto Rico and 11 coastal sites in Trinidad. The atzA gene was detected in five stations in Georgia (Oak Grove Island entrance, Blythe Island Recreation Park, Jekyll Island., Village Creek Landing and Dunbar Creek Sea Island Rd Bridge). In Puerto Rico gene was detected in five sites (Boquilla, Oro Creek, Fishers Association, Ceiba Creek and Sabalos Creek) while seven sites in Trinidad (Carli Bay, Las Cuevas Bay, Quinam Bay, Salybia River, Salybia Bay, Maracas River and Maracas Bay) showed the presence of atzA. PMID:23422065

Sherchan, Samendra P; Bachoon, D S; Otero, Ernesto; Ramsubhag, Adesh

2013-02-17

461

Energy usage/consumption analysis for Radisson Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia  

SciTech Connect

A detailed analysis is given of energy consumption and energy use profiles for the Radisson Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia. Data included were collected primarily during the heating and cooling seasons, and show essentially where energy is used, how much is used, and when it is used. Energy use monitored is analyzed for space heating, space cooling, and domestic hot water. Energy use was measured for guest rooms, public areas, kitchen and service areas, and the laundry. (LEW)

Not Available

1981-12-01

462

New underwater acoustic tank facility at Georgia Tech  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large underwater acoustic tank facility located in the Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at Georgia Tech has recently been completed. The facility includes a rectangular concrete water tank 25 feet deep, 25 feet wide, and 34 feet long containing around 160,000 gallons of water. There are three computer-controlled positioners: an x-y-z-theta positioner and a z-theta positioner mounted on carriages

Michael Gray; Ralph Herkert; George McCall II; Gary Caille; Van Biesel; John Bogle; Jayme Caspall; Steven Hahn; Adam Lamb; Thomas Logan

2002-01-01

463

Rare, Endangered, and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Because of its large number of endemic species and rapid rate of habitat destruction, the Republic of Georgia is a biodiversity hot spot. In collaboration with the Missouri Botanical Garden, the Institute of Botany and the Botanical Garden of the Georgian Academy of Sciences has compiled this list of 1200 at-risk species, arranged alphabetically by family. Information on habitat and geographic distribution is included for all species, and images are included for some.

Asieshvili, L.; Shulkina, T.; Eristavi, M.

1995-01-01

464

Toxicity of sediments and pore water from Brunswick Estuary, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A chlor-alkali plant in Brunswick, Georgia, USA, discharged >2 kg mercury\\/d into a tributary of the Turtle River-Brunswick\\u000a Estuary from 1966 to 1971. Mercury concentrations in sediments collected in 1989 along the tributary near the chlor-alkali\\u000a plant ranged from 1 to 27 ?g\\/g (dry weight), with the highest concentrations found in surface (0–8 cm) sediments of subtidal\\u000a zones in the

Parley V. Winger; Peter J. Lasier; Harvey Geitner

1993-01-01

465

[For periodization of history of fight against TB in Georgia].  

PubMed

Evolution of TB programs indicates the importance of analysis of existing experience and reasons of failure in planning of TB strategy for future. In spite of existing scientific researches in the field of history of fight against TB in Georgia, it turned out that the question is not mastered perfectly, various periods are not sorted out and the comparative analysis is not made. On account of this, a request was raised to elaborate a new periodization. The aim of our research is to work out a new variant of periodization of history of fight against TB in Georgia. Epidemic, literary and the official statistical data were worked out by the methods of historical analysis and standardization. According to the research, it turned out that the correlation exists between social -political state and the spreading of TB, which was reflected in our "step" pattern. It means to serve as criteria of spreading of tuberculosis and TB strategy. Concerning these criteria a new variant of periodization was elaborated and the separate stages were compared. It gives us opportunity to determine effective methods and measures and they should be envisaged in the condition of realisation DOTS strategy in Georgia. PMID:16905864

Sanikidze, E A; Vashakidze, L M

2006-07-01

466

The Georgia State Fair, Macon, 1886-1960  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Seven decades ago, one "Jaydee the Great" wowed crowds at the Georgia State Fair in Macon with his high trapeze novelty act. That wasn't all that was happening at the State Fair of course and visitors with an interest in American history, entertainment, state fairs, and Georgia history will find plenty to hold their attention within this nice digital collection. The collection was created by the Digital Library of Georgia, and it documents the evolution of the state fair in Macon from 1886 to 1960. Here visitors can look over 150 black and white photographs, along with a selection of fliers advertising the fair. Most of the photographs depict county agricultural exhibits whose function was to promote a variety of farm produce and homemade items. The collection also has a number of photographs documenting community canning projects which took place during World War II. Visitors can search the collection via a search engine, or they may just wish to just browse around, which can be pretty fun as well.

467

40 CFR 81.113 - Savannah (Georgia)-Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...County, Colleton County, Hampton County, Jasper County. In the State of Georgia: Bryan County, Bulloch County, Candler County, Chatham County, Effingham County, Evans County, Liberty County, Tattnall...

2012-07-01

468

"The Equitable Powers of the Judge": The Conflict between No Child Left Behind and Court-Ordered Desegregation in Richmond County, Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article consists of a case study and policy analysis of a conflict between two federal mandates that arose during the initial implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act in 2002 in a southern school system, Richmond County, Georgia. The first part of the article documents the conflict, drawing on primary source documents and interviews…

DeBray, Elizabeth

2004-01-01

469

Student Perspectives of the Graduation Coach's Ethic of Care on the Dropout Epidemic in a Middle Georgia Alternative High School of Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine the influence of the graduation coach's ethic of care on potential dropouts (at risk high school seniors) in a Georgia alternative high school. Based on Maslow's hierarchy of needs, the objective of this research was to identify if the graduation coach's ethic of care had an influence on…

Burger, Kimberly R.

2009-01-01

470

Development & Testing of the Cluster-Analytic Model To Identify Coursework Patterns Associated with General Learned Abilities of College Students: Georgia State Native Report on Combined Samples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Cluster Analytic Model (CAM), two samples of graduating seniors from Georgia State University were studied to determine the effect of different patterns of college course work on their general learned abilities. The CAM uses Student Achievement Test scores, Graduate Record Examination scores, and transcripts for course work patterns.…

Ratcliff, James L.; And Others

471

Directional Analysis of Sub-Antarctic Climate Change on South Georgia 1905-2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Directional analysis has been used to study changes in the sub-polar climate of the mountainous and glacierised sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia (54-55°S, 36-38°W). Significantly for climate change studies, South Georgia lies in the Scotia Sea between polar and temperate latitudes, and approximately 1000 km northeast and downwind of the Antarctic Peninsula - one of the fastest-warming regions on Earth (Vaughan et al., 2001). South Georgia was chosen for directional analysis because its climate is substantially advected by predominantly westerly circulations, and because it has a long (since 1905) meteorological record from King Edward Point (KEP) on its eastern side. Additional shorter records from Bird Island at the northwest tip of South Georgia allow comparison between windward (Bird Island) and leeward (KEP) climate regimes. The variation of mountain barrier heights with direction from KEP allows climate changes to be studied under different amounts of orographic influence (from ~700 m to ~2200 m). Records of glacier advance and retreat provide further independent evidence of climate change for comparison with the meteorological record. Directional climate analysis is based on a series of monthly-mean pressure fields defining the orientation and strength of synoptic-scale air-mass advection over the Scotia Sea. These fields are used to define directional climatologies for six 30° sectors with bearings from 150-180° to 300-330°; these sectors encompass 99% of recorded months since 1905. The climatologies summarise the frequencies of air masses from each sector, and the accompanying temperatures and precipitation. The 6 sectors can be broadly associated with 4 air-mass types and source regions: (i) sectors 150-210° advect cold polar maritime air that originated over the Antarctic continent before passing over the Weddell Sea, (ii) sectors 210-270° advect warmer, more stable polar maritime air from the Bellingshausen Sea/Antarctic Peninsula region, (iii) sector 270-300° has warmer, drier returning polar maritime circulated from the Bellingshausen Sea and across the Andes, and (iv) sector 300-330° has warm, humid tropical maritime air from the South Atlantic High. Detailed climatologies are compared for 4 distinct time periods covering: glacier advance (1920-1951), glacier retreat (1951-82), the latest decade (2000-2009), and a reference period (1905-1982). The comparisons show how climate changes between periods are composed of alterations in (i) air-mass frequency from different sectors, and (ii) temperature and precipitation within sectors. The ability of directional analysis to explain climate-change processes is confirmed by comparing directional results for the periods of glacier advance and glacier retreat. Specifically, during the ‘advance' period the air masses came 20% more frequently from the 4 colder, southerly sectors and correspondingly less frequently from the 2 warmer, northerly sectors. Moreover, the temperature of air coming from each sector was 0.1-0.8°C cooler than during the ‘retreat' period. Further directional analysis will compare records from the latest decade with previous periods to investigate recent sub-polar climate change, and particularly any advected warming from the Antarctic Peninsula. Directional analysis and advection climatologies can be used to test climate model performance and to examine atmospheric processes under changing climates. Previous directional analyses in an upland region of northwest England have detected changes in its mid-latitude temperate climate that were masked by directionally unsorted data (Malby et al., 2007, Ferranti et al., 2009); the South Georgia study now shows how similar methods can give insights into sub-polar climate change. FERRANTI, E. J. S., WHYATT, J. D. & TIMMIS, R. J. (2009) Development and application of topographic descriptors for conditional analysis of rainfall. Atmospheric Science Letters, 10, 177-184. MALBY, A. R., WHYATT, J. D., TIMMIS, R. J., WILBY, R. L. & ORR, H. G. (2007) Long-term variations in orographic r

Sakamoto Ferranti, Emma Jayne; Solera Garcia, Maria Angeles; Timmis, Roger James; Gerrard McKenna, Paul; Whyatt, James Duncan

2010-05-01

472

Field investigation of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infections in house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) from Maryland and Georgia.  

PubMed

A field study investigating the occurrence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) in house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) was conducted in Maryland and Georgia. Eighty-eight finches were captured and examined grossly and microscopically for MG-related conjunctivitis. Serum samples were obtained for serum plate agglutination (SPA) and hemagglutination inhibition (HI) testing. Swabs from conjunctiva, sinus, and choanal cleft were inoculated into two mycoplasma broth media for culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. From Maryland, 12 of 57 birds examined had gross conjunctival lesions. MG was isolated from 9 of the 12 affected birds and from three birds without gross lesions. Fourteen of 22 finches tested by PCR were positive for MG. Sixteen of 38 birds were positive for MG by SPA, and 9 of these had HI titers of 1:40 or 1:80. From Georgia, 3 of 31 finches examined had gross lesions; two of these were both culture and PCR positive for MG. Twelve birds were positive by SPA, and two of these had HI titers of 1:80. Histologic findings in birds with gross conjunctivitis from both locations were characterized by extensive epithelial and lymphoid hyperplasia as well as lymphoplasmacytic inflammation in conjunctival tissues; keratitis was rarely present. The source of MG infection in house finches is unknown, and further research is warranted to determine the prevalence and impact of this newly described disease. PMID:8790883

Luttrell, M P; Fischer, J R; Stallknecht, D E; Kleven, S H

473

Diversity of Bacillus anthracis Strains in Georgia and of Vaccine Strains from the Former Soviet Union  

PubMed Central

Despite the increased number of anthrax outbreaks in Georgia and the other Caucasian republics of the former Soviet Union, no data are available on the diversity of the Bacillus anthracis strains involved. There is also little data available on strains from the former Soviet Union, including the strains previously used for vaccine preparation. In this study we used eight-locus variable-number tandem repeat analyses to genotype 18 strains isolated from infected animals and humans at different sites across Georgia, where anthrax outbreaks have occurred in the last 10 years, and 5 strains widely used for preparation of human and veterinary vaccines in the former Soviet Union. Three different genotypes affiliated with the A3.a cluster were detected for the Georgian isolates. Two genotypes were previously shown to include Turkish isolates, indicating that there is a regional strain pattern in the South Caucasian-Turkish region. Four of the vaccine strains were polymorphic, exhibiting three different patterns of the cluster A1.a genotype and the cluster A3.b genotype. The genotype of vaccine strain 71/12, which is considered an attenuated strain in spite of the presence of both of the virulence pXO plasmids, appeared to be a novel genotype in the A1.a cluster.

Merabishvili, Maya; Natidze, Merab; Rigvava, Sergo; Brusetti, Lorenzo; Raddadi, Noura; Borin, Sara; Chanishvili, Nina; Tediashvili, Marina; Sharp, Richard; Barbeschi, Maurizio; Visca, Paolo; Daffonchio, Daniele

2006-01-01

474

Low-flow profiles of the Tallapoosa River and tributaries in Georgia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Low flow information is provided for use in an evaluation of the capacity of streams to permit withdrawals or to accept waste loads without exceeding the limits of State water quality standards. The report is the fourth in a series of reports presenting the results of a low flow study of all stream basins north of the Fall Line in Georgia. This report covers the part of the Tallapoosa River basin in the Piedmont province of Georgia. The low flow characteristic presented is the minimum average flow for 7 consecutive days with a 10-year recurrence interval (7Q10). The data are presented in tables and shown graphically as ' low flow profiles ' (low flow plotted against distance along a stream channel), and as ' drainage area profiles ' (drainage area plotted against distance along a stream channel). Low flow profiles were constructed by interpolation or extrapolation from points of known low flow data. Low flow profiles are included for all stream reaches where low flow data of sufficient accuracy are available to justify computation of the profiles. Drainage area profiles are included for all stream basins > 5 sq mi, except for those in a few remote areas. Flow records were not adjusted for diversions or other factors that cause measured flows to represent conditions other than natural flow. (Author 's abstract)

Carter, R. F.; Hopkins, E. H.; Perlman, H. A.

1988-01-01

475

Prescribed and self-medication use increase delays in diagnosis of tuberculosis in the country of Georgia  

PubMed Central

SETTING Georgia has a high burden of tuberculosis (TB), including multidrug-resistant TB. Enhancing early diagnosis of TB is a priority to reduce transmission. OBJECTIVE To quantify delays in TB diagnosis and identify risk factors for delay in the country of Georgia. DESIGN In a cross-sectional study, persons with newly diagnosed, culture-confirmed pulmonary TB were interviewed within 2 months of diagnosis and medical and laboratory records were abstracted. RESULTS Among 247 persons enrolled, the mean and median total TB diagnostic delay was respectively 89.9 and 59.5 days. The mean and median patient delay was 56.2 and 23.5 days, while health care system delay was 33.7 and 14.0 days. In multivariable analysis, receipt of a medication prior to TB diagnosis was associated with increased overall diagnostic delay (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.28, 95%CI 1.09–4.79); antibiotic use prior to diagnosis increased the risk of prolonged health care delay (aOR 4.16, 95%CI 1.97–8.79). TB cases who had increased patient-related diagnostic delay were less likely to have prolonged health care diagnostic delay (aOR 0.38, 95%CI 0.19–0.74). CONCLUSION Prolonged delays in detecting TB are common in Georgia. Interventions addressing the misuse of antibiotics and targeting groups at risk for prolonged delay are warranted to reduce diagnostic delays and enhance TB control.

Rabin, A. S.; Kuchukhidze, G.; Sanikidze, E.; Kempker, R. R.; Blumberg, H. M.

2013-01-01

476

Data from complete mtDNA sequencing of Tunisian centenarians: Testing haplogroup association and the “golden mean” to longevity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the mitochondrial theory of ageing was proposed, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) diversity has been largely studied in old people, however complete genomes are still rare, being limited to Japanese and UK\\/US samples. In this work, we evaluated possible longevity associated polymorphisms\\/haplogroups in an African population, from Tunisia, by performing complete mtDNA sequencing. This population has a mixed Eurasian\\/sub-Saharan mtDNA gene

Marta D. Costa; Lotfi Cherni; Verónica Fernandes; Fernando Freitas; Amel Ben Ammar el Gaaied; Luísa Pereira

2009-01-01

477

State of Georgia`s environmental and emergency preparedness activities for the Savannah River Site. Quarterly progress report, July 1, 1993--December 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

This quarterly report discusses activities and accomplishments of the EPD as part of Georgia`s environmental and emergency preparedness activities for the Savannah River Site. The EPD has assisted the Georgia Emergency Management Authority (GEMA) in accomplishing a number of ongoing tasks such as annual reviews, training, response capability, and radiation assessment capability. The report also outlines EPD progress and activities in the area of environmental monitoring including; surface water discharges, public drinking water, ground water monitoring, air monitoring, crops and milk, and direct radiation on soil and vegetation.

McConnell, G.W.

1994-05-01

478

Georgia Oral Health Initiative 2002: A Partnership for Improving Oral Health Access and Outcomes for Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the past four years, Georgia has begun to overcome the barriers to access for childrens oral health services through the Georgia Oral health prevention Program (GOHPP). However, despite inclusion of the full range of dental services in PeachCare for ...

2001-01-01

479

10. VIEW OF GEORGIA DOT BRIDGE NO. 05100025D01986N (JAMES P. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. VIEW OF GEORGIA DOT BRIDGE NO. 051-00025D-01986N (JAMES P. HOULIHAN BRIDGE) FACING WEST SHOWING LOCATION OF TRAFFIC ARMS. - Georgia DOT Bridge No. 051-00025D-01986N, US 17 & State Route 25 Spanning Savannah River, Port Wentworth, Chatham County, GA

480

The Impact of the Revolution upon Georgia's Economy, 1775-1789.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of pamphlets about effects of the American Revolution in Georgia, this document reviews Georgia's economy during the years 1775-1789. It can be used as supplementary reading or a two-week unit for junior or senior high school students. A brief teacher's guide is included. The main part of the pamphlet relates the political and…

Ready, Milton

481

Georgia Is All Business as It Moves to Improve State's Showing on SAT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students are not the only ones in Georgia fretting over scores from the recent SAT exams. More than perhaps any other state, Georgia has linked its reputation as a place to live, send children to school, and do business to the state's performance on the college-entrance test. Since Governor Sonny Perdue launched a statewide effort to raise those…

Jacobson, Linda

2005-01-01

482

The Georgia Perimeter College MESA Program: Propelling STEM Students to Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From 2006 to 2008, while taking courses at Georgia Perimeter College (GPC), Joel Toussaint worked two jobs, one was at night. Now, he has graduated from Georgia Institute of Technology majoring in mechanical engineering, and he has been admitted to graduate school in mechanical engineer there. His plan for the future is to get his Ph. D. in…

Law, Kouok K.

2011-01-01

483

The Impact of the Revolution upon Georgia's Economy, 1775-1789.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a series of pamphlets about effects of the American Revolution in Georgia, this document reviews Georgia's economy during the years 1775-1789. It can be used as supplementary reading or a two-week unit for junior or senior high school students. A brief teacher's guide is included. The main part of the pamphlet relates the political and…

Ready, Milton

484

A Guide for Planning and Construction of Public School Facilities in Georgia. Media Center Facilities. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this guide is to facilitate the work of Georgia planners in systematically determining the size, nature, and functions of spaces needed for the construction or renovation of media center facilities after the minimum requirements for school media centers established by the Georgia Board of Education have been met. The first section…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta.

485

Georgia Institute of Technology chilled water system evaluation and master plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As the host of the Olympic Village for the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, Georgia Tech has experienced a surge in construction activities over the last three years. Over 1.3 million square feet of new buildings have been constructed on the Georgia Tech campus. Th...

1996-01-01