Sample records for georgia centenarian study

  1. Personality and longevity: findings from the Georgia Centenarian Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Martin; Grace da Rosa; Ilene C. Siegler; Adam Davey; Maurice MacDonald; Leonard W. Poon

    2006-01-01

    Centenarians are thought of as unique and exceptional survivors. This study evaluated specific personality traits and configurations of traits among participants of the Georgia Centenarian Study. Two hundred and eighty five centenarians and their nominated proxies participated in this study. Self ratings and proxy informant ratings were obtained for different traits and facets of the Big-5 personality typology. Results suggested

  2. Personality and longevity: findings from the Georgia Centenarian Study.

    PubMed

    Martin, Peter; da Rosa, Grace; Siegler, Ilene C; Davey, Adam; Macdonald, Maurice; Poon, Leonard W

    2006-12-01

    Centenarians are thought of as unique and exceptional survivors. This study evaluated specific personality traits and configurations of traits among participants of the Georgia Centenarian Study. Two hundred and eighty five centenarians and their nominated proxies participated in this study. Self ratings and proxy informant ratings were obtained for different traits and facets of the Big-5 personality typology. Results suggested that centenarians overall had low levels of Neuroticism, but high levels of Extraversion, Competence, and Trust. When compared to centenarian self ratings, proxies provided significantly higher ratings for Neuroticism, Hostility, and Vulnerability, but lower ratings for Competence and Trust. Among Centenarians, the personality configuration of low Neuroticism, high Competence, and high Extraversion traits is over-represented relative to chance. The results confirm that centenarians show several unique single traits, but that a special combination of traits (i.e., low levels of Neuroticism, high Competence, and high Extraversion) are also notable in this group of exceptional survivors. PMID:22253500

  3. Personality and longevity: findings from the Georgia Centenarian Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Martin; Grace da Rosa; Ilene C. Siegler; Adam Davey; Maurice MacDonald; Leonard W. Poon

    2006-01-01

    Centenarians are thought of as unique and exceptional survivors. This study evaluated specific personality traits and configurations\\u000a of traits among participants of the Georgia Centenarian Study. Two hundred and eighty five centenarians and their nominated\\u000a proxies participated in this study. Self ratings and proxy informant ratings were obtained for different traits and facets\\u000a of the Big-5 personality typology. Results suggested

  4. Cohort Comparisons in Resources and Functioning among Centenarians: Findings from the Georgia Centenarian Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Jinmyoung; Martin, Peter; Margrett, Jennifer; MacDonald, Maurice; Poon, Leonard W.; Johnson, Mary Ann

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine cohort comparisons in levels of resources (e.g., mental health, physical functioning, economic and social resources, and cognitive functioning) for 211 community-dwelling centenarians (whose Mini-Mental Status Examination score was 23 or higher) of phases I and III of the Georgia Centenarian Study. The…

  5. Cognitive Performance in Centenarians and the Oldest Old: Norms from the Georgia Centenarian Study

    PubMed Central

    Miller, L. Stephen; Mitchell, Meghan B.; Woodard, John L.; Davey, Adam; Martin, Peter; Poon, Leonard W.

    2010-01-01

    We present normative data from a large population-based sample of centenarians for several brief, global neurocognitive tasks amenable for frail elders. Comparative data from octogenarians are included. A total of 244 centenarians and 80 octogenarians from Phase III of the Georgia Centenarian Study were administered the Mini-Mental Status Examination, Severe Impairment Battery, and Behavioral Dyscontrol Scale. Centenarians (age 98–107) were stratified into three age cohorts (98–99, 100–101, 102–107), octogenarians into two 5-year cohorts (80–84, 85–89). Highly significant differences were observed between groups on all measures, with greater variation and dispersion in performance among centenarians, as well as stronger associations between age and performance. Descriptive statistics and normative ranges (unweighted and population-weighted) are provided by age cohort. Additional statistics are provided by education level. While most previous centenarian studies have used convenience samples, ours is population-based and likely more valid for comparison in applied settings. Results suggest centenarians look different than do even the oldest age range of most normative aging datasets (e.g., 85–90). Results support using global measures of neurocognition to describe cognitive status in the oldest old, and we provide normative comparisons to do so. PMID:20521181

  6. Relationship between serum and brain carotenoids, a-tocopherol and retinol concentrations and cognitive performance in the oldest old from the Georgia Centenarian Study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Oxidative stress is involved in age-related cognitive decline. The dietary antioxidants, carotenoids, tocopherols and vitamin A may play a role in the prevention or delay in cognitive decline. In this study sera were obtained from 78 octogenarians and 220 centenarians from the Georgia Centenarian St...

  7. Predicting successful aging in a population-based sample of georgia centenarians.

    PubMed

    Arnold, Jonathan; Dai, Jianliang; Nahapetyan, Lusine; Arte, Ankit; Johnson, Mary Ann; Hausman, Dorothy; Rodgers, Willard L; Hensley, Robert; Martin, Peter; Macdonald, Maurice; Davey, Adam; Siegler, Ilene C; Jazwinski, S Michal; Poon, Leonard W

    2010-01-01

    Used a population-based sample (Georgia Centenarian Study, GCS), to determine proportions of centenarians reaching 100 years as (1) survivors (43%) of chronic diseases first experienced between 0-80 years of age, (2) delayers (36%) with chronic diseases first experienced between 80-98 years of age, or (3) escapers (17%) with chronic diseases only at 98 years of age or older. Diseases fall into two morbidity profiles of 11 chronic diseases; one including cardiovascular disease, cancer, anemia, and osteoporosis, and another including dementia. Centenarians at risk for cancer in their lifetime tended to be escapers (73%), while those at risk for cardiovascular disease tended to be survivors (24%), delayers (39%), or escapers (32%). Approximately half (43%) of the centenarians did not experience dementia. Psychiatric disorders were positively associated with dementia, but prevalence of depression, anxiety, and psychoses did not differ significantly between centenarians and an octogenarian control group. However, centenarians were higher on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) than octogenarians. Consistent with our model of developmental adaptation in aging, distal life events contribute to predicting survivorship outcome in which health status as survivor, delayer, or escaper appears as adaptation variables late in life. PMID:20885919

  8. Correspondence of perceptions about centenarians’ mental health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maurice MacDonald; Peter Martin; Jennifer Margrett; Leonard W. Poon

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: The goals of this study were to uncover the criteria by which centenarians, proxy\\/caregivers, and interviewers rated centenarians’ mental health. Often proxy and interviewer reports are obtained in studies of the oldest-old and become a primary source of information.Methods: Data were from a population-based sample of mentally competent US centenarians in northern Georgia. The dependent variables were based on

  9. Exceptional Longevity: An Introduction to the Iowa Centenarian Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Peter; Deshpande-Kamat, Neha; Margrett, Jennifer A.; Franke, Warren; Garasky, Steven

    2012-01-01

    The primary objective of the Iowa Centenarian Study is to further our understanding of determinants of exceptional longevity above and beyond health outcomes, particularly in rural environments. This introductory article provides a general overview of the study, its methodology and basic descriptive results. One hundred and fifty-two centenarians

  10. The well-being of community-dwelling near-centenarians and centenarians in Hong Kong a qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Hong Kong has one of the highest life expectancy rankings in the world. The number of centenarians and near-centenarians has been increasing locally and internationally. The relative growth of this population is a topic of immense importance for population and health policy makers. Living long and living well are two overlapping but distinct research topics. We previously conducted a quantitative study on 153 near-centenarians and centenarians to explore a wide range of biopsychosocial correlates of health and “living long”. This paper reports a follow-up qualitative study examining the potential correlates of “living well” among near-centenarians and centenarians in Hong Kong. Methods Six cognitively, physically, and psychologically sound community-dwelling elders were purposively recruited from a previous quantitative study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. Results Four major themes related to living long and well emerged from the responses of the participants: (a) Positive relations with others, (b) Positive events and happiness, (c) Hope for the future, and (d) Positive life attitude. Specifically, we found that having good interpersonal relationships, possessing a collection of positive life events, and maintaining salutary attitudes towards life are considered as important to psychological well-being by long-lived adults in Hong Kong. Most participants perceived their working life as most important to their life history and retired at very old ages. Conclusions These findings also shed light on the relationships between health, work, and old age. PMID:24886462

  11. Nutrition in centenarians.

    PubMed

    Hausman, Dorothy B; Fischer, Joan G; Johnson, Mary Ann

    2011-03-01

    The oldest old are among the fastest growing segment of the population and it is important to understand not only the influence of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition on the achievement of exceptional longevity but also the role, if any, of these factors on maintaining optimal cognitive, mental and physical health into advanced age. This review summarizes studies of dietary intake and patterns of long-lived peoples and presents current knowledge of nutritional status of centenarians as determined with nutritionally relevant biomarkers, providing information on comparative levels of the various biomarkers between centenarians and older adult controls and on the prevalence and predictors of nutritional deficiencies in centenarians. The studies indicate that BMI and nutritional status as indicated by circulating levels of antioxidant vitamins, vitamin B12, folate, homocysteine and 25(OH) vitamin D of centenarians are quite heterogeneous and influenced by region of residency and many of the demographic, dietary and lifestyle factors that influence nutritional status in other older adults. While many of the studies have been small, convenience samples of relatively healthy community-dwelling centenarians, a few have population-based or included participants of varying cognitive functioning. These and future studies examining associations between nutritional status and cognitive, mental and physical function should be instrumental in determining the role of nutrition in promoting longevity and improving the quality of life in these exceptional survivors. PMID:21276673

  12. Octogenarian and centenarian performance on the Fuld Object Memory Evaluation.

    PubMed

    Rahman-Filipiak, Annalise; Woodard, John L; Miller, L Stephen; Martin, Peter; Davey, Adam; Poon, Leonard W

    2015-07-01

    The Fuld Object Memory Evaluation (FOME) has considerable utility for cognitive assessment in older adults, but there are few normative data, particularly for the oldest old. In this study, 80 octogenarians and 244 centenarians from the Georgia Centenarian Study completed the FOME. Total and trial-to-trial performance on the storage, retrieval, repeated retrieval, and ineffective reminder indices were assessed. Additional data stratified by age group, education, and cognitive impairment are provided in the Supplemental data. Octogenarians performed significantly better than centenarians on all FOME measures. Neither age group benefitted from additional learning trials beyond Trial 3 for storage and Trial 2 for retention and retrieval. Ineffective reminders showed no change across learning trials for octogenarians, while centenarians improved only between Trials 1 and 2. This minimal improvement past Trial 2 indicates that older adults might benefit from a truncated version of the test that does not include trials three through five, with the added benefit of reducing testing burden in this population. PMID:25513737

  13. Common cancers in centenarians

    PubMed Central

    Joseph, Shamfa C.; Delcastilo, Estevan; Osiro, Stephen; Loukas, Marios

    2014-01-01

    Background A Centenarian is a person who attains and lives beyond the age of 100. Four percent of centenarians die from cancer. It is therefore important to understand which cancers affect them in order to devise better methods to prevent and treat them. The aim of this study was to investigate the top cancers that affect centenarians. Material/Method We identified 1385 cases with the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Result (SEER) database. Our study included centenarians age 100–115 years diagnosed with the 5 most common cancers between 1973 and 2007 in the United States. Observed survival (OS) was calculated for each cancer type. The Kaplan-Meier (KM) method was used to calculate OS at 1-month intervals for the first 40 months after diagnosis using SEER*Stat version 7.04. A log rank test was performed on KM survival output and a Cox proportional hazard model was used to calculate hazard ratios. All statistical analyses were performed with 95% confidence intervals with significance determined at P<0.05. Cox proportional hazard analysis was done using GraphPad Prism version 5.04. Results There were 879 (63.47%) females and 506 (36.53%) males. There were 1118 (80.72%) whites, 159 (11.48%) blacks, and 108 (7.80%) other. The top cancers were 405 (29.24%) breast, 267 (19.28%) colorectal, 254 (18.34%) prostate, 247 (17.83%) lung and bronchus, and 212 (15.31%) urinary and kidney cancer cases. Conclusions As the prevalence of centenarians increases, it is becoming increasingly important to become aware of the cancers that affect them in order to better manage them. PMID:24399367

  14. Place and Cause of Death in Centenarians: A Population-Based Observational Study in England, 2001 to 2010

    PubMed Central

    Evans, Catherine J.; Ho, Yuen; Daveson, Barbara A.; Hall, Sue; Higginson, Irene J.; Gao, Wei

    2014-01-01

    Background Centenarians are a rapidly growing demographic group worldwide, yet their health and social care needs are seldom considered. This study aims to examine trends in place of death and associations for centenarians in England over 10 years to consider policy implications of extreme longevity. Methods and Findings This is a population-based observational study using death registration data linked with area-level indices of multiple deprivations for people aged ?100 years who died 2001 to 2010 in England, compared with those dying at ages 80-99. We used linear regression to examine the time trends in number of deaths and place of death, and Poisson regression to evaluate factors associated with centenarians’ place of death. The cohort totalled 35,867 people with a median age at death of 101 years (range: 100–115 years). Centenarian deaths increased 56% (95% CI 53.8%–57.4%) in 10 years. Most died in a care home with (26.7%, 95% CI 26.3%–27.2%) or without nursing (34.5%, 95% CI 34.0%–35.0%) or in hospital (27.2%, 95% CI 26.7%–27.6%). The proportion of deaths in nursing homes decreased over 10 years (?0.36% annually, 95% CI ?0.63% to ?0.09%, p?=?0.014), while hospital deaths changed little (0.25% annually, 95% CI ?0.06% to 0.57%, p?=?0.09). Dying with frailty was common with “old age” stated in 75.6% of death certifications. Centenarians were more likely to die of pneumonia (e.g., 17.7% [95% CI 17.3%–18.1%] versus 6.0% [5.9%–6.0%] for those aged 80–84 years) and old age/frailty (28.1% [27.6%–28.5%] versus 0.9% [0.9%–0.9%] for those aged 80–84 years) and less likely to die of cancer (4.4% [4.2%–4.6%] versus 24.5% [24.6%–25.4%] for those aged 80–84 years) and ischemic heart disease (8.6% [8.3%–8.9%] versus 19.0% [18.9%–19.0%] for those aged 80–84 years) than were younger elderly patients. More care home beds available per 1,000 population were associated with fewer deaths in hospital (PR 0.98, 95% CI 0.98–0.99, p<0.001). Conclusions Centenarians are more likely to have causes of death certified as pneumonia and frailty and less likely to have causes of death of cancer or ischemic heart disease, compared with younger elderly patients. To reduce reliance on hospital care at the end of life requires recognition of centenarians’ increased likelihood to “acute” decline, notably from pneumonia, and wider provision of anticipatory care to enable people to remain in their usual residence, and increasing care home bed capacity. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:24892645

  15. What studies on human longevity tell us about the risk for cancer in the oldest old: data and hypotheses on the genetics and immunology of centenarians.

    PubMed

    Bonafè, Massimiliano; Barbi, Cristiana; Storci, Gianluca; Salvioli, Stefano; Capri, Miriam; Olivieri, Fabiola; Valensin, Silvana; Monti, Daniela; Gonos, Efstathios S; De Benedictis, Giovanna; Franceschi, Claudio

    2002-01-01

    Centenarians are people who escaped from major common diseases, including cancer, and reached the extreme limits of human life-span. The analysis of demographic data indicates that cancer incidence and mortality show a levelling off around the age of 85-90 years, and suggests that oldest old people and centenarians are protected from cancer onset and progression. In this paper, we review data of recent literature on the distribution in centenarians of germ-line polymorphisms, which are supposed to affect the individual susceptibility to cancer (p53, HRAS1, BRCA1, glutathione transferases, cytochrome oxidases, steroid-5 alpha-reductase enzyme type II). Moreover, we add new data on two p53 polymorphisms in a total of 1086 people of different age, including 307 centenarians. In addition, we put forth the hypothesis that the remodelling of the immune system occurring with age is capable of creating a hostile environment for the growth of cancer cells in these exceptional individuals. We conclude that future studies on centenarians regarding the germ-line variability of genes involved in the control of the immune response, including apoptosis (ApoJ), are likely to be of fundamental importance in understanding the basic mechanisms for cancer, aging and their complex relationship. PMID:12470840

  16. Hypertension and Stroke in Centenarians, Okinawa, Japan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masashi Arakawa; Yoshihiro Miyake; Kazuhiko Taira

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the relationship between a history of hypertension, cigarette smoking and alcohol intake and the lifetime prevalence of stroke in the oldest-old population. Design: A cross-sectional study. Subjects: All of the Japanese centenarians in the Okinawa Prefecture (266 men and 1,378 women). Methods: Okinawa Prefectural Government conducted health surveys among all of the centenarians in Okinawa. The variables

  17. Regression-Based Estimates of Observed Functional Status in Centenarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Meghan B.; Miller, L. Stephen; Woodard, John L.; Davey, Adam; Martin, Peter; Burgess, Molly; Poon, Leonard W.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose of the Study: There is lack of consensus on the best method of functional assessment, and there is a paucity of studies on daily functioning in centenarians. We sought to compare associations between performance-based, self-report, and proxy report of functional status in centenarians. We expected the strongest relationships between proxy…

  18. Predictors of anxiety in centenarians: health, economic factors, and loneliness.

    PubMed

    Ribeiro, Oscar; Teixeira, Laetitia; Araújo, Lia; Afonso, Rosa Marina; Pachana, Nancy

    2014-08-13

    ABSTRACT Background: Centenarians' psychological well-being is presently of great interest in psychogeriatric research but little is known about factors that specifically account for the presence of clinically relevant anxiety symptoms in this age group. This study examined the presence of anxiety and its predictors in a sample of centenarians and aims to contribute to a better understanding of anxiety determinants in extreme old age. Methods: We examined how socio-demographic, health, functional, and social factors contribute to the presence of clinically significant anxiety symptoms in centenarians recruited from two Portuguese centenarian studies. The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory - Short Form (GAI-SF) was used to assess anxiety symptoms. Results: A total of 97 centenarians (mean age 101.1 years; SD = 1.5 years; range = 100-108) with no/minor cognitive impairment were included. Clinically significant anxiety symptoms (GAI-SF ?3) were present in 45.4% (n = 44) of the sample. Main predictive factors included worse health perception, higher number of medical conditions, financial concerns related to medical expenses (income inadequacy) and loneliness. Conclusions: Results suggest that along with health status (subjective and objective), income inadequacy related to medical expenses and feeling lonely may predispose centenarians to clinically significant anxiety and be important to their overall well-being. Further research is needed on the repercussions of clinical anxiety in centenarians' quality of life and on co-morbid conditions (e.g. depression) at such advanced ages. PMID:25115619

  19. Cognitive Status and Change among Iowa Centenarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margrett, Jennifer A.; Hsieh, Wen-Hua; Heinz, Melinda; Martin, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Equivocal evidence exists regarding the degree of cognitive stability and prevalence of cognitive impairment in very late life. The objective of the current study was to examine mental status performance and change over time within a sample of Iowa centenarians. The baseline sample consisted of 152 community-dwelling and institutionalized…

  20. Paradoxes in longevity: sequence analysis of mtDNA haplogroup J in centenarians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giuseppina Rose; Giuseppe Passarino; Giuseppina Carrieri; Katia Altomare; Valentina Greco; Stefano Bertolini; Massimiliano Bonafè; Claudio Franceschi; Giovanna De Benedictis

    2001-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup J is significantly over-represented in healthy centenarians with respect to younger controls, thus suggesting that this haplogroup predisposes to successful aging and longevity. On the other hand, the same haplogroup is reported to have elevated frequency in some complex diseases. To verify if centenarians clustered in a particular lineage within J

  1. Centenarian Self-Perceptions of Factors Responsible for Attainment of Extended Health and Longevity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, Shannon; Garcia, John; Marston, Hannah R.

    2013-01-01

    Pathways healthy and physically functional centenarians take to achieve advanced old age have fascinated mankind for centuries. This hermeneutic phenomenological study documents characteristics perceived by centenarians as important and central to their attainment of advanced longevity. Secondary data including written transcripts and audio and…

  2. Reproduction and migration in relation to senescence in the barn swallow Hirundo rustica: A study of avian 'centenarians'.

    PubMed

    Møller, Anders Pape; de Lope, Florentino; Saino, Nicola

    2005-12-01

    A. P. Moller, F. de Lope and N. Saino: Reproduction and migration in relation to senescence in the barn swallow Hirundo rustica: A study of avian 'centenarians'. Senescence reflects the decrease in age-dependent residual reproductive value, and a previous study of a cohort of migratory barn swallows (Hirundo rustica) that had reached advanced ages for this species (at least five years old) provided evidence consistent with senescence such as reduced reproductive performance and increased abundance of parasites. We studied a population of migratory barn swallows over a number of years. Several questions were asked including 1) how do longer lived birds compare to shorter lived individuals of the same species, 2) is there a difference in individuals of the same species that live in different geographical regions, and 3) how do patterns of reproduction change during aging? We compared the phenotypes of 87 individuals from three populations in Denmark, Italy and Spain that had reached at least five years old with those of control individuals matched for sex, arrival date and breeding site. These controls only became one year old, i.e., they were not found thereafter and both groups of individuals were compared in their first year of life. Results showed that there were no significant differences in any of 11 morphological characters or in the abundance of three ectoparasites between the two groups of birds. Females that eventually became very old had relatively smaller first clutches as one year olds than did one year old controls, while males that eventually became very old had mates that laid clutches that were relatively larger than those of controls. Annual fecundity showed a similar pattern, with an increased sex difference in fecundity between birds from Spain than in Italy and in Denmark. Danish barn swallows that achieved older ages had relatively lower haematocrits than control individuals of the same sex, age and arrival date captured at the same site, while the difference in haematocrits between these two categories of individuals was small for Italian birds. Spring arrival date was relatively earlier in Danish males that eventually became very old compared to control males of the same age and tail length (a correlate of fitness) that arrived at the same site, while the two age categories of females did not differ in arrival date. In the Spanish population there was no difference in arrival date between the birds that aged most successfully and controls for either sex. We will discuss these findings in relation to current senescence theories. PMID:23598664

  3. Real time analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in centenarians.

    PubMed

    Mazzatenta, Andrea; Pokorski, Mieczyslaw; Di Giulio, Camillo

    2015-04-01

    Centenarians are a model to study human longevity and the physiological process of aging. A plethora of studies on this model show the complexity of the system. Laboratory studies fail to find a biomarker of senescence. The real time exhaled breath volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has been suggested as a new biomarker to detect and monitor physiological processes in the respiratory system. VOCs exhaled by centenarians have not been studied in the general population and across-age-groups. In the present study we investigated, in real time, the breath properties and VOC exhaled content in healthy centenarians as compared with non-centenarian seniors and young healthy subjects. We found distinctly different breath pattern and distribution profiles of VOCs in the centenarians. Thus, the VOCs measurement allowed to discriminate the differences between the age-groups. We propose a VOCs fingerprint as a biomarker underlying the physiological mechanisms of aging and longevity. Longevity should be considered physiologically as a new phase of life, characteristic of the well adapted subject. PMID:25542135

  4. The blood pressure and heart rate chronome of centenarians.

    PubMed

    Ikonomov, O; Stoynev, G; Cornélissen, G; Stoynev, A; Hillman, D; Madjirova, N; Kane, R; Halberg, F

    1991-01-01

    Rhythm characteristics of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (Hr) of 11 healthy centenarians and 66 medical students are described. Each subject ambulatorily monitored measured BP and HR around the clock at 15-min intervals for 48 hours. Least-squares spectra were obtained by the fit of cosine curves (cosinor) and compared between the two populations. Confounding by geographic differences seems to be ruled out by comparisons with results from international data bases. A shift in prominence from the circadian domain to higher frequency harmonics was found for the BP but not for the HR of centenarians. In clinically mostly healthy centenarians, markers of primary aging may consist of a relatively low circadian BP and HR amplitude and a tendency toward internal and external desynchronization. Whether these chronobiologic changes with age are desirable, indifferent or undesirable can now be elucidated by outcome studies, in the light of the reference standards provided herein. PMID:1815852

  5. Characteristics of alpha-synucleinopathy in centenarians.

    PubMed

    Ding, Zheng-Tong; Wang, Yin; Jiang, Yu-Ping; Hashizume, Yoshio; Yoshida, Mari; Mimuro, Maya; Inagaki, Toshiaki; Iwase, Tamaki

    2006-05-01

    To investigate the characteristics of alpha-synucleinopathy in the brains of centenarians, the autopsied brains and spinal cords from 23 cases were studied. Coronal slices were prepared from a section of the cerebral hemisphere, following the guidelines of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (AD) (CERAD) and the consensus guidelines for the clinical and pathologic diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Spinal cord specimens were prepared at each segment from the third cervical to the third sacral segment. In all cases, we performed standard stainings of hematoxylin-eosin, Klüver-Barrera, and Gallyas-Braak combined with Luxol fast blue/cresyl violet, and alpha-synuclein (AS), phosphorylated tau (AT8) and beta-amyloid protein immunostainings. One-way ANOVA analysis, Chi-square or Fisher exact test were used for statistical analysis. Overall, AS-positive structures were found in 8 (34.8%) of our 23 centenarians, 6 (35.3%) of 17 demented patients, and four (40%) out of ten AD patients. The frequencies of AS lesions in the brains with senile plaque (SP) stage 0-A, B, and C were 27.7, 33, and 50%, respectively. No statistical differences were found among the frequencies of AS lesions in the subgroups of NFT stages I-II, III-IV, and V-VI (P=0.478). Most cases showed a widespread distribution of AS-positive structures except for one patient, in whose brain only the medulla was involved. The distribution pattern of AS-positive lesions was similar to that in Parkinson's disease or DLB, but the pigmented neurons in substantia nigra were relatively well preserved. Our findings indicate that there is a high frequency of alpha-synucleinopathy in centenarians, SP-positive and AS-positive lesions may involve a synergistic interaction. PMID:16520971

  6. The immunology of exceptional individuals: the lesson of centenarians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claudio Franceschi; Daniela Monti; Paolo Sansoni; Andrea Cossarizza

    1995-01-01

    Centenarians are the best example of successful ageing, since they have escaped the major age-associated diseases, and most are in good mental and physical condition. Here, Claudio Franceschi and colleagues discuss how the study of their immune systems reveals that several immune parameters are well conserved, suggesting that a complex remodelling of most immune parameters occurs with age, rather than

  7. The Georgia Health Education Study: A Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Health and Safety.

    This summary review of the Georgia Health Education Study is a statistical presentation of scores achieved by over four thousand freshman college students in the university system of Georgia to questions on health knowledge. Data compiled from the administration of the Fast-Tyson Health Knowledge Test (1975 revision) indicates that subject…

  8. A Study of an Intensive Educational Program Conducted in Six Georgia Counties by the Georgia Cooperative Extension Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sell, William Horace

    Based on surveys in 1957 and 1960 in six Georgia counties, this study evaluated an intensive educational program by the University of Georgia, and investigated attitudes and other factors related to farmers' use of fertilizers. Respondents were ranked by amounts of plant nutrients applied per acre in 1957 and by fertility per farm. Findings…

  9. Argyrophilic grain disease: frequency and neuropathology in centenarians.

    PubMed

    Ding, Zheng-Tong; Wang, Yin; Jiang, Yu-Ping; Yoshida, Mari; Mimuro, Maya; Inagaki, Toshiaki; Iwase, Tamaki; Hashizume, Yoshio

    2006-04-01

    Argyrophilic grain disease (AGD) is a progressive degenerative disease of the human brain, the prevalence of which increases with advancing age. The features of AGD in autopsied brains from 32 centenarians were studied using phosphorylated tau (AT8) immunostaining combined with Gallyas-Braak staining and 4R tau-specific antibody (RD4) immunostaining. Ten of 32 centenarians were diagnosed as AGD, yielding an overall frequency of 31.3%. In the demented group, nine (39.1%) of 23 cases were found with argyrophilic grains (AGs), while in the non-demented group, AGs were found in only one (11.1%) of nine cases, the difference between them being significant (P<0.05). Among the cases with Alzheimer's disease (AD), five (41.7%) of 12 were found with AGs. One (25%) of four cases with senile dementia with tangles (SDT) also suffered from AGD. Dementia caused by "pure" AGD accounted for 13% (3/23) among demented subjects. Our findings indicated that there is a high frequency of AGD in centenarians. In agreement with previous studies, we favor the view that age may be one of the risk factors for AGD. PMID:16525805

  10. Activity of mannose-binding lectin in centenarians.

    PubMed

    Tomaiuolo, Rossella; Ruocco, Anna; Salapete, Chiara; Carru, Ciriaco; Baggio, Giovannella; Franceschi, Claudio; Zinellu, Angelo; Vaupel, James; Bellia, Chiara; Lo Sasso, Bruna; Ciaccio, Marcello; Castaldo, Giuseppe; Deiana, Luca

    2012-06-01

    We analyzed MBL2 gene variants in two cohorts of centenarians, octo-nonagenarians and nonagenarians, and in the general population, one from Sardinia Island (Italy), recruited in the frame of the AKea study, and another from Campania (southern Italy), to search for haplotypes related to longevity. We also assessed in vitro the effect of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) on various human cells at different stage of senescence. The frequency of high and null activity haplotypes was significantly lower, and the frequency of intermediate activity haplotype significantly higher in centenarians and in subjects between 80 and 99 years from both the cohorts as compared each to the general population from the same geographic area. Furthermore, serum MBL concentration (also after normalization to serum albumin) was significantly lower in centenarians and in octo- and nonagenarians as compared to the general population, suggesting that intermediate MBL haplotype/activity may be protective. We also demonstrated that in vitro MBL protein bound to senescent IMR90 fibroblasts thereby causing cell lysis, but not to other types of cycle-arrested cells not in senescence. This implicates a novel role of MBL in the clearance of senescent cells. PMID:22239660

  11. Activity of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) in centenarians

    PubMed Central

    Tomaiuolo, Rossella; Ruocco, Anna; Salapete, Chiara; Carru, Ciriaco; Baggio, Giovannella; Franceschi, Claudio; Zinellu, Angelo; Vaupel, James; Bellia, Chiara; Sasso, Bruna Lo; Ciaccio, Marcello; Castaldo, Giuseppe; Deiana, Luca

    2013-01-01

    We analyzed MBL2 gene variants in two cohorts of centenarians, octo-and nonagenarians and in the general population, one from Sardinia island (Italy), recruited in the frame of the AKea study, and another from Campania (southern Italy), to search for haplotypes related to longevity. We also assessed in vitro the effect of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) on various human cells at different stage of senescence. The frequency of high and null activity haplotypes was significantly lower and the frequency of intermediate activity haplotype significantly higher in centenarians and in subjects between 80 and 99 years from both the cohorts as compared each to the general population from the same geographic area. Furthermore, serum MBL concentration (also after normalization to serum albumin) was significantly lower in centenarians and in octo- and nonagenarians as compared to the general population suggesting that intermediate MBL haplotype/activity may be protective. We also demonstrated that in vitro MBL protein bound to senescent IMR90 fibroblasts thereby causing cell lysis, but not to other types of cycle-arrested cells not in senescence. This implicates a novel role of MBL in the clearance of senescent cells. PMID:22239660

  12. Positive attitude towards life and emotional expression as personality phenotypes for centenarians

    PubMed Central

    Kato, Kaori; Zweig, Richard; Barzilai, Nir; Atzmon, Gil

    2012-01-01

    Centenarians have been reported to share particular personality traits including low neuroticism and high extraversion and conscientiousness. Since these traits have moderate to high heritability and are associated with various health outcomes, personality appears linked to bio-genetic mechanisms which may contribute to exceptional longevity. Therefore, the present study sought to detect genetically-based personality phenotypes in a genetically homogeneous sample of centenarians through developing and examining psychometric properties of a brief measure of the personality of centenarians, the Personality Outlook Profile Scale (POPS). The results generated two personality characteristics/domains, Positive Attitude Towards Life (PATL: optimism, easygoing, laughter, and introversion/outgoing) and Emotional Expression (EE: expressing emotions openly and not bottling up emotions). These domains demonstrated acceptable concurrent validity with two established personality measures, the NEO-Five Factor Inventory and Life Orientation Test-Revised. Additionally, centenarians in both groups had lower neuroticism and higher conscientiousness than the US adult population. Findings suggest that the POPS is a psychometrically sound measure of personality in centenarians and capture personality aspects of extraversion, neuroticism, and conscientiousness, as well as dispositional optimism which may contribute to successful aging. PMID:22626632

  13. Positive attitude towards life and emotional expression as personality phenotypes for centenarians.

    PubMed

    Kato, Kaori; Zweig, Richard; Barzilai, Nir; Atzmon, Gil

    2012-05-01

    Centenarians have been reported to share particular personality traits including low neuroticism and high extraversion and conscientiousness. Since these traits have moderate to high heritability and are associated with various health outcomes, personality appears linked to bio-genetic mechanisms which may contribute to exceptional longevity. Therefore, the present study sought to detect genetically-based personality phenotypes in a genetically homogeneous sample of centenarians through developing and examining psychometric properties of a brief measure of the personality of centenarians, the Personality Outlook Profile Scale (POPS). The results generated two personality characteristics/domains, Positive Attitude Towards Life (PATL: optimism, easygoing, laughter, and introversion/outgoing) and Emotional Expression (EE: expressing emotions openly and not bottling up emotions). These domains demonstrated acceptable concurrent validity with two established personality measures, the NEO-Five Factor Inventory and Life Orientation Test-Revised. Additionally, centenarians in both groups had lower neuroticism and higher conscientiousness than the US adult population. Findings suggest that the POPS is a psychometrically sound measure of personality in centenarians and capture personality aspects of extraversion, neuroticism, and conscientiousness, as well as dispositional optimism which may contribute to successful aging. PMID:22626632

  14. Understanding Perceptions of Economic Status among Centenarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garasky, Steven; Martin, Peter; Margrett, Jennifer A.; Cho, Jinmyoung

    2012-01-01

    Centenarians are often concerned with outliving their accumulated resources. Yet, research consistently finds that older adults, despite low incomes, are more financially satisfied than younger adults. This "satisfaction paradox" has been attributed to psychological accommodation to poor financial circumstances and lower expectations. As a result,…

  15. Handgrip Strength, Positive Affect, and Perceived Health Are Prospectively Associated with Fewer Functional Limitations among Centenarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franke, Warren D.; Margrett, Jennifer A.; Heinz, Melinda; Martin, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the association between perceived health, fatigue, positive and negative affect, handgrip strength, objectively measured physical activity, body mass index, and self-reported functional limitations, assessed 6 months later, among 11 centenarians (age = 102 plus or minus 1). Activities of daily living, assessed 6 months prior to…

  16. Ashkenazi Jewish Centenarians Do Not Demonstrate Enrichment in Mitochondrial Haplogroup J

    PubMed Central

    Shlush, Liran I.; Atzmon, Gil; Weisshof, Roni; Behar, Doron; Yudkovsky, Guenady; Barzilai, Nir; Skorecki, Karl

    2008-01-01

    Background Association of mitochondrial haplogroup J with longevity has been reported in several population subgroups. While studies from northern Italy and Finland, have described a higher frequency of haplogroup J among centenarians in comparison to non-centenarian, several other studies could not replicate these results and suggested various explanations for the discrepancy. Methodology/Principal Findings We have evaluated haplogroup frequencies among Ashkenazi Jewish centenarians using two different sets of matched controls. No difference was observed in the haplogroup J frequencies between the centenarians or either matched control group, despite adequate statistical power to detect such a difference. Furthermore, the lack of association was robust to population substructure in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. Given this discrepancy with the previous reported associations in the northern Italian and the Finnish populations, we conducted re-analysis of these previously published data, which supported one of several possible explanations: i) inadequate matching of cases and controls; ii) inadequate adjustment for multiple comparison testing; iii) cryptic population stratification. Conclusions/Significance There does not exist a universal association of mitochondrial haplogroup J with longevity across all population groups. Reported associations in specialized populations may reflect genetic or other interactions specific to those populations or else cryptic confounding influences, such as inadequate matching attributable to population substructure, which are of general relevance to all studies of the possible association of mitochondrial DNA haplogroups with common complex phenotypes. PMID:18923645

  17. Greek centenarians: assessment of functional health status and life-style characteristics.

    PubMed

    Stathakos, Dimitri; Pratsinis, Harris; Zachos, Ioannis; Vlahaki, Irene; Gianakopoulou, Anastassia; Zianni, Dimitra; Kletsas, Dimitris

    2005-06-01

    Centenarians represent an intriguing model for ageing studies, since they demonstrate extreme longevity by definition, and at the same time a proportion of them have aged successfully. Here, we present data from the first nationwide study on Greek centenarians concerning their functional health status and life-style characteristics. We have identified 489 individuals (77% women) born in 1900 or before who were still alive between the years 2000 and 2002. Socio-demographic characteristics, activities of daily living (ADLs), living conditions, dependence on other people, former and current diseases and health disorders, current medication, nutrition and personal habits were recorded for every subject. Interestingly, only 2% of Greek centenarians lived in nursing homes, while the majority lived with their family or relatives. Furthermore, 6% were free from severe health disorders, autonomous (based on simple criteria for ADLs) and also leading an active social life, and hence may be considered as being in optimal condition. This group of centenarians may serve as a valuable source of information on genetic, environmental, and psychosocial determinants of successful ageing. PMID:15935588

  18. Mildly elevated blood pressure is a marker for better health status in Polish centenarians.

    PubMed

    Szewieczek, Jan; Dulawa, Jan; Francuz, Tomasz; Legierska, Katarzyna; Hornik, Beata; W?odarczyk-Sporek, Iwona; Janusz-Jencze?, Magdalena; Batko-Szwaczka, Agnieszka

    2015-02-01

    The number of centenarians is projected to rise rapidly. However, knowledge of evidence-based health care in this group is still poor. Hypertension is the most common condition that leads to multiple organ complications, disability, and premature death. No guidelines for the management of high blood pressure (BP) in centenarians are available. We have performed a cross-sectional study to characterize clinical and functional state of Polish centenarians, with a special focus on BP. The study comprised 86 consecutive 100.9?±?1.2 years old (mean?±?SD) subjects (70 women and 16 men). The assessment included structured interview, physical examination, geriatric functional assessment, resting electrocardiography, and blood and urine sampling. The subjects were followed-up on the phone. Subjects who survived 180 days (83 %) as compared to non-survivors had higher systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DPB), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure (PP), higher mini-mental state examination, Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living and Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale scores, higher serum albumin and calcium levels, and total iron-binding capacity, while lower serum creatinine, cystatin C, folate, and C-reactive protein levels. SBP ?140 mm Hg, DBP ?90 mm Hg, MAP ?100 mm Hg, and PP ?40 mm Hg were associated with higher 180-day survival probability. Results suggest that mildly elevated blood pressure is a marker for better health status in Polish centenarians. PMID:25637333

  19. Georgia Southern Students Awarded Benjamin A. Gilman Scholarships for Study Abroad

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Georgia Southern Students Awarded Benjamin A. Gilman Scholarships for Study Abroad Three Georgia Southern University students received Benjamin A. Gilman Scholarships to study abroad this summer abroad trip. "I really tried to make all of my classes up until this point relevant to my study abroad

  20. A Comparative Study of Foreign Direct Investment Activities in Georgia and Kyrgyz Republic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdener Kaynak; Serkan Yalcin; Ekrem Tatoglu

    2006-01-01

    This paper attempts to fill the knowledge gap in the area of foreign direct investment (FDI) research in the regions of Caucasus and Central Asia. Various dimensions of FDI were analyzed from a comparative perspective drawing on a number of selected case studies of inward investors in Georgia and Kyrgyz Republic. The results indicated that the FDI activity in Georgia

  1. The Governance Divide: The Case Study for Georgia. National Center Report #05-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Venezia, Andrea; Callan, Patrick M.; Kirst, Michael W.; Usdan, Michael D.

    2006-01-01

    This case study is part of a broader research project examining state policies and governance structures that span K-12 and postsecondary education. Georgia was the first state to have state and regional P-16 councils, and its regents' office in the University System of Georgia oversees a variety of projects that focus on connecting K-12 and…

  2. Disease variants in genomes of 44 centenarians

    PubMed Central

    Freudenberg-Hua, Yun; Freudenberg, Jan; Vacic, Vladimir; Abhyankar, Avinash; Emde, Anne-Katrin; Ben-Avraham, Danny; Barzilai, Nir; Oschwald, Dayna; Christen, Erika; Koppel, Jeremy; Greenwald, Blaine; Darnell, Robert B; Germer, Soren; Atzmon, Gil; Davies, Peter

    2014-01-01

    To identify previously reported disease mutations that are compatible with extraordinary longevity, we screened the coding regions of the genomes of 44 Ashkenazi Jewish centenarians. Individual genome sequences were generated with 30× coverage on the Illumina HiSeq 2000 and single-nucleotide variants were called with the genome analysis toolkit (GATK). We identified 130 coding variants that were annotated as “pathogenic” or “likely pathogenic” based on the ClinVar database and that are infrequent in the general population. These variants were previously reported to cause a wide range of degenerative, neoplastic, and cardiac diseases with autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and X-linked inheritance. Several of these variants are located in genes that harbor actionable incidental findings, according to the recommendations of the American College of Medical Genetics. In addition, we found risk variants for late-onset neurodegenerative diseases, such as the APOE ?4 allele that was even present in a homozygous state in one centenarian who did not develop Alzheimer's disease. Our data demonstrate that the incidental finding of certain reported disease variants in an individual genome may not preclude an extraordinarily long life. When the observed variants are encountered in the context of clinical sequencing, it is thus important to exercise caution in justifying clinical decisions. In genome sequences of 44 Ashkenazi centenarians, we identified many coding variants that were annotated as “pathogenic” or “likely pathogenic” based on the ClinVar database. Our data demonstrate that the incidental finding of certain reported disease variants in an individual genome may not preclude an extraordinarily long life. When the observed variants are encountered in the context of clinical sequencing, it is thus important to exercise caution in justifying clinical decisions. PMID:25333069

  3. Complete genome sequence of Bifidobacterium adolesentis BBMN23, a probiotic strain from healthy centenarian.

    PubMed

    Liu, Songling; Zhao, Liang; Ren, Fazheng; Sun, Erna; Zhang, Ming; Guo, Huiyuan

    2015-03-20

    Bifidobacterium adolesentis BBMN23 (CGMCC No. 2264) was a probiotic strain originated from the feces of a centenarian. It is an excellent model for the study of the adaptation of genus bifidobacteria to adult human gut, which is a key factor in bifidobacterial strains that allows them to persist in gut and become useful in the food and medical industries. In the present study the complete genome sequence of BBMN23 is presented to provide insight into this strain. PMID:25678139

  4. Protein, lipid, and hematological biomarkers in centenarians: definitions, interpretation and relationships with health.

    PubMed

    Hausman, Dorothy B; Fischer, Joan G; Johnson, Mary Ann

    2012-03-01

    As increasing numbers of individuals reach very advanced age, it is important to understand the influence of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition on both the achievement of exceptional longevity as well as the maintenance of optimal functional capacity. This includes determining the most appropriate biomarkers for monitoring changes in health and nutrition status and response to therapy in oldest old individuals. In an earlier work (Hausman et al., Maturitas 2011;68:203-9), we summarized studies of dietary intake and patterns of long-lived peoples and presented the current knowledge regarding vitamin B12, folate, 25(OH) vitamin D and other specific indicators of nutritional status in centenarians. The present review focuses on less specific biochemical indices of health and nutritional status and summarizes studies comparing protein, lipid and hematological biomarkers in centenarians and older adult controls. Such studies, from many countries worldwide, are often small, convenience samples of 'healthy' and/or community-dwelling centenarians, although a few population-based studies including participants with a broader range of physical and cognitive functioning are also presented. Though heterogeneous in design and demographic region, these studies typically show lower levels of protein and hematological indicators and improved levels of some lipid biomarkers in centenarians as compared with regionally matched older adult controls. As these biomarkers can be influenced by many factors interpretation of results must be approached with caution. Importantly, studies examining potential associations of these biomarkers with cognitive, mental and physical function must carefully control for potential confounders including genetics and chronic disease, an increasing burden at advanced age. PMID:22209200

  5. Centenarians and supercentenarians: a black swan. Emerging social, medical and surgical problems.

    PubMed

    Vacante, Marco; D'Agata, Velia; Motta, Massimo; Malaguarnera, Giulia; Biondi, Antonio; Basile, Francesco; Malaguarnera, Michele; Gagliano, Caterina; Drago, Filippo; Salamone, Salvatore

    2012-01-01

    The Black Swan Theory was described by Nassim Nicholas Taleb in his book "The Black Swan". This theory refers to "high-impact, hard-to-predict, and rare events beyond the realm of normal expectations". According to Taleb's criteria, a Black Swan Event is a surprise, it has a major impact and after the fact, the event is rationalized by hindsight, as if it had been expected. For most of human history centenarians were a rare and unpredictable phenomenon. The improvements of the social-environmental conditions, of medical care, and the quality of life caused a general improvement of the health status of the population and a consequent reduction of the overall morbidity and mortality, resulting in an overall increase of life expectancy. The study of centenarians and supercentenarians had the objective to consider this black swan and to evaluate the health, welfare, social and economic consequences of this phenomenon. PMID:23173707

  6. Energy conserving site design case study: Shenandoah, Georgia. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    The case study examines the means by which energy conservation can be achieved at an aggregate community level by using proper planning and analytical techniques for a new town, Shenandoah, Georgia, located twenty-five miles southwest of Atlanta's Hartsfield International Airport. A potentially implementable energy conservation community plan is achieved by a study team examining the land use options, siting characteristics of each building type, alternate infrastructure plans, possible decentralized energy options, and central utility schemes to determine how community energy conservation can be achieved by use of pre-construction planning. The concept for the development of mixed land uses as a passively sited, energy conserving community is based on a plan (Level 1 Plan) that uses the natural site characteristics, maximizes on passive energy siting requirement, and allows flexibility for the changing needs of the developers. The Level 2 Plan is identical with Level 1 plan plus a series of decentraized systems that have been added to the residential units: the single-family detached, the apartments, and the townhouses. Level 3 Plan is similar to the Level 1 Plan except that higher density dwellings have been moved to areas adjacent to central site. The total energy savings for each plan relative to the conventional plan are indicated. (MCW)

  7. A comparative study of selected Georgia elementary principals' perceptions of environmental knowledge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Campbell, Joyce League

    This study sought to establish baseline data on environmental knowledge, opinions, and perceptions of elementary principals and to make comparisons based on academic success rankings of schools and to national results. The self-reported study looked at 200 elementary principals in the state of Georgia. The population selected for the study included principals from the 100 top and 100 bottom academically ranked elementary schools as reported in the Georgia Public Policy Foundation Report Card for Parents. Their scores on the NEETF/Roper Environmental Knowledge Survey were compared between these two Georgia groups and to a national sample. Georgia elementary principals' scores were compared to environmental programs evident in their schools. The two Georgia groups were also compared on environmental opinion and perception responses on mandates, programs in schools and time devoted to these, environmental education as a priority, and the impact of various factors on the strength of environmental studies in schools. Georgia elementary principals leading schools at the bottom of the academic performance scale achieved environmental knowledge scores comparable to the national sample. However, principals of academically successful schools scored significantly higher on environmental knowledge than their colleagues from low performing schools (p < .05) and higher than the national sample (p < .001). Both Georgia principal groups strongly support a mandated environmental education curriculum for Georgia. The two groups were comparable on distributions of time devoted to environmental education across grade levels; however, principals from the more successful schools reported significantly (p < .01) greater amounts of time allotted to environmental studies. Both groups reported the same variety of environmental programs and practices evident in their schools and similar participation in these activities at various grade levels. Most significant (p < .01) was the comparison of ratings each group gave to environmental education as an instructional priority in their schools; principals supervising successful school programs viewed environmental education as a higher priority. These successful principals also recognized the importance of both administrator and staff interest as influencing factors and ranked these two variables as strongly impacting the success or failure of environmental initiatives in schools. Comparison of principals' environmental knowledge scores to numbers of programs shown no significant relationship. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  8. Episodic Air Pollution in Wisconsin (LADCO Winter Nitrate Study) and Georgia (SEARCH Network)

    E-print Network

    Stanier, Charlie

    ­ Univ. of Iowa & Univ. of Illinois Episodic Air Pollution in Wisconsin (LADCO Winter Nitrate StudyEpisodic Air Pollution in Wisconsin (LADCO Winter Nitrate Study) and Georgia (SEARCH Network Charles Staniera a University of Iowa a University of Illinois May 2012 Prepared for the Lake Michigan Air

  9. A Study of Differentiated Instruction Based on the SIOP Model in Georgia Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomlinson, Sherry Marie

    2013-01-01

    This mixed methods study investigated the teachers' concerns of the sheltered instruction observation protocol (SIOP) model (Echevarria, Short and Vogt, 2008) as a means to differentiate instruction for LEP students in public school classrooms. This study took place in one central Georgia school district with a sample of 16 teachers who…

  10. A Case Study of a Science and Mathematics Day Camp as Experienced by Seven Girls from Rural Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schriver, Martha L.; And Others

    The focus of this study was a science and mathematics day camp for Girl Scouts in a rural Georgia county, the goal of which was to help girls "discover" themselves as competent participants in science and mathematics. During the camp, Brownie Junior and Cadet Girl Scouts from Bulloch County interacted with women faculty on the campus of Georgia

  11. How Accessible Are Public Libraries' Web Sites? A Study of Georgia Public Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ingle, Emma; Green, Ravonne A.; Huprich, Julia

    2009-01-01

    One issue that public librarians must consider when planning Web site design is accessibility for patrons with disabilities. This article reports a study of Web site accessibility of public libraries in Georgia. The focus of the report is whether public libraries use accessible guidelines and standards in making their Web sites accessible. An…

  12. The Politics of the Budgetary Process: The Case Study of Georgia Perimeter College

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimberley Robinson

    2009-01-01

    Given that numbers alone do not tell much of a story, this research project investigates Georgia Perimeter College’s budget process and the politics that is associated with it. This case study is an exploratory analysis. This type of methodology is ideal when a holistic, in?depth investigation is needed. Also the method seeks to identify influences on performance. This exploratory analysis

  13. Case Study for a Large Research Institution Library: The University of Georgia's Miller Learning Center

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caroline Cason Barratt; Elizabeth White

    2010-01-01

    The Zell B. Miller Learning Center (MLC) at the University of Georgia is a combined classroom, library, and computing facility. Designed as a “one-stop-shop,” students take classes, study, participate in group activities, write, research, and create all in the same place while faculty come to teach classes, meet with students, and receive technology training in the learning labs. Staff from

  14. An Empirical Case Study of a Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Initiative in Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schober, Daniel J.; Fawcett, Stephen B.; Thigpen, Sally; Curtis, Anna; Wright, Renee

    2012-01-01

    Objective: This empirical case study describes Prevent Child Abuse Georgia's effort to prevent child sexual abuse (CSA) by educating communities throughout the state on supporting preventive behaviour. The initiative consisted of three major components: (1) dissemination of CSA prevention messages and materials; (2) a statewide helpline that…

  15. Centenarian couple: a new Guinness record.

    PubMed

    She, W

    1998-08-01

    Li Guanghai, born in 1897 (101 years of age), and Wang Fangzhen, born in 1896 (102 years of age), were married in 1916; they are recognized by the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest couple with the longest marital life in the world. They live in the rural area outside of Bijie City in Guizhou Province, China. The area is surrounded by mountains, and fresh air and clean water are available all through the year. Five other centenarians live in the area; in the village, which consists of 300 households, there are 80 persons over 70 years of age and 130 over 60. Li Guanghai and Wang Fangzhen have a simple, active, regular life. They rise at 7 a.m. and go to bed at 9 p.m.; they take a 2- or 3-hour nap in the afternoon. The husband is a light smoker of tobacco that he grows himself. The wife drinks a little homemade wine at bedtime. They both drink strong tea. They have had no serious disease since the age of 40. They worked in the fields until the age of 85; they still walk to Bijie City. According to their eldest son, Li Meng, their relationship is one of deep attachment and respect; they never argue over trifles, and they live in harmony with their neighbors. Theirs is the largest family in the world. They have 4 sons and 3 daughters. All of their children and their children's spouses are still alive except for the eldest daughter and her husband. There are 38 subfamilies with 142 members living in the 5-generation family. Family descendants are scattered over 26 cities in China, and are involved in nearly all professions and trades. Although Li Guanghai and Wang Fangzhen could barely read and write, they made sure their children and the children of other villagers were educated. They even funded and managed a private school at one time. 41 members of their family have received university, college, and secondary technical education; 48 are receiving junior high schooling. 17 are intellectuals achieving senior and secondary titles for technical personnel. The illiteracy rate in the village is 5% among residents over the age of 14; more than 50 university and college students have been raised in the village. PMID:12294256

  16. Serum uric acid level in primary hypertension among Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians.

    PubMed

    Lu, Z; Dong, B; Wu, H; Chen, T; Zhang, Y; Wu, J; Xiao, H

    2009-02-01

    Epidemiologic studies suggest an independent positive association of elevated serum uric acid with essential hypertension. However, to date, limited information is available in the old population. In the present study, we included 832 unrelated Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians (269 men and 563 women; ranged in age from 90 to 108 years (mean, 94.6+/-4.0)). The mean serum uric acid level was 320 micromol l(-1) (standard deviation 87 micromol l(-1)). After adjustment for age, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, smoking habits, tea habits, alcohol consumption, fasting plasma glucose, plasma lipids and serum creatinine, the odds ratio comparing the highest with lowest quartile of serum uric acid were 0.67 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.33-1.21) and 1.36 (95% CI, 0.88-2.22) in men and women, respectively. When compared with normotensive subjects, we did not observe statistical higher serum uric acid levels in subjects with hypertension. In summary, we found that serum uric acid level is not directly correlated with hypertension among Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians. PMID:18719615

  17. Establishment of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from Centenarians for Neurodegenerative Disease Research

    PubMed Central

    Yagi, Takuya; Kosakai, Arifumi; Ito, Daisuke; Okada, Yohei; Akamatsu, Wado; Nihei, Yoshihiro; Nabetani, Akira; Ishikawa, Fuyuki; Arai, Yasumichi; Hirose, Nobuyoshi; Okano, Hideyuki; Suzuki, Norihiro

    2012-01-01

    Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology can be used to model human disorders, create cell-based models of human diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, and in establishing therapeutic strategies. To detect subtle cellular abnormalities associated with common late-onset disease in iPSCs, valid control iPSCs derived from healthy donors free of serious late-onset diseases are necessary. Here, we report the generation of iPSCs from fibroblasts obtained immediately postmortem from centenarian donors (106- and 109-years-old) who were extremely healthy until an advanced age. The iPSCs were generated using a conventional method involving OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, and c-MYC, and then differentiated into neuronal cells using a neurosphere method. The expression of molecules that play critical roles in late-onset neurodegenerative diseases by neurons differentiated from the centenarian-iPSCs was compared to that of neurons differentiated from iPSCs derived from familial Alzheimer's disease and familial Parkinson's disease (PARK4: triplication of the ? synuclein gene) patients. The results indicated that our series of iPSCs would be useful in neurodegeneration research. The iPSCs we describe, which were derived from donors with exceptional longevity who were presumed to have no serious disease risk factors, would be useful in longevity research and as valid super-controls for use in studies of various late-onset diseases. PMID:22848530

  18. The changing face of the Australian population: growth in centenarians.

    PubMed

    Richmond, Robyn L

    2008-06-16

    At the time of the 2006 Census, there were 3154 centenarians in Australia, 797 men (25%) and 2357 women (75%). This number is expected to increase to 12,000 by 2020. In Australia we are experiencing a demographic transition in which the proportions of people in the oldest age groups are increasing while the proportions in the youngest age groups are decreasing. Centenarians are the fastest growing age segment of the Australian population. Their numbers have increased by 8.5% per year over the past 25 years. In 2006, they represented 0.12% (3154/2,644,469) of the population aged 65 years and over. More than half of centenarians live in private dwellings, with 27% of men and 14% of women living on their own. Government policies are starting to address the issues of an ageing population, including provisions for financial support, improved access to medical services, and appropriate housing and transport facilities. However, we need specific social, medical and financial estimates of the impact of living to 100 years and beyond. PMID:18558896

  19. Georgia Mediagraphy. Second Supplement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Instructional Services.

    This document is a guide to print and nonprint materials about Georgia and Georgians. Entries are arranged under the subject headings used in "Essential Skills for Georgia Schools." Criteria for inclusion were appropriateness for K-12 students and commercial availability of the item. Six books containing pictorial and photographic studies of…

  20. Social factors associated with centenarian rate (CR) in 32 OECD countries

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Over the last fifty years, the number of centenarians has dramatically increased. The centenarian rate (CR) is representative of the general longevity prevalent in a nation; it indicates the number of individuals aged 100?years or above at a given date divided by the size of the corresponding cohort of a given age. Two important attributes of the CR (50–54) are that it reflects both unchanged age-specific fertility and the absence of migration in populations. It can generally be used in longevity-based evaluations of the broader concept of successful ageing. As such, this retrospective analysis of the social factors that contribute to the CR (50–54) may help to identify the factors associated with successful ageing. This study estimates the CR (50–54) and elucidates the influence of social factors on successful ageing and the CR (50–54), examining 32 member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Methods The social indicators for this study were obtained from the United Nations database. The data for the analysis of centenarians in the 32 OECD countries were obtained from the world population prospects conducted by the United Nations. Associations between social factors and CR (50–54) were assessed using Pearson correlation coefficients and regression models. Results Significant positive correlations were found between the CR (50–54) and the social factors of expenditure on health as a percentage of gross domestic product (HEGDP: r?=?0.411, p?

  1. CD45 isoforms expression on CD4 + and CD8 + T cells throughout life, from newborns to centenarians: implications for T cell memory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrea Cossarizza; Claudio Ortolani; Roberto Paganelli; Daniela Barbieri; Daniela Monti; Paolo Sansoni; Umberto Fagiolo; Gastone Castellani; Ferdinando Bersani; Marco Londei; Claudio Franceschi

    1996-01-01

    CD4+ and CD8+ peripheral blood T lymphocytes show mutually exclusive expression of CD45RA or CD45R0, two isoforms of the common leukocyte antigen that seem to recognize so-called virgin\\/unprimed and memory\\/activated T cells. The expression of these isoforms has been studied by three colour cytofluorimetric analysis on CD4+ or CD8+ peripheral blood CD3+ cells from 22 healthy centenarians, analyzed in a

  2. Forest health monitoring: 1991 Georgia indicator evaluation and field study

    SciTech Connect

    Alexander, S.A.; Baldwin, M.; Bechtold, W.A.; Cassell, D.L.; Cline, S.

    1994-03-01

    The pilot study was designed to test methods for quantifying vegetation structure, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), dendrochronology, and selected root fungi. Testing the methods included comparing different data collection procedures for individual indicators, estimating sampling efficiency (both of the sampling design and the sampling unit design), and evaluating spatial variability. In addition, the accuracy and precision of tree height instruments were determined as part of the pilot study.

  3. Study of implementation level of tobacco restriction policy in cafes and restaurants of Georgia.

    PubMed

    Gvinianidze, K; Bakhturidze, G; Magradze, G

    2012-05-01

    Before year 2008 smoking was partially restricted in cafes and restaurants of Georgia. In 2009 Georgian Parliament adopted amendment in law "Concerning Tobacco Control" and strengthened partial restriction in cafes and restaurants, namely required that 50% of territory of those facilities must be smoke free. To observe status of implementation of tobacco control legislation in field of prohibition/restriction of smoking in cafes and restaurants conducted observation of those facilities and in-depth interviews of their owners/staff. Observation in cafes and restaurants were done in big regional centers of Georgia, namely in Tbilisi (Capital), Telavi, Kutaisi, Batumi, Rustavi, Gori, Akhaltsikhe and Zugdidi. At all 176 cafés/restaurants were observed (22,4% of all registered cafes/restaurants in Georgia). For qualitative part of the study 1-2 persons from staff of the cafe or restaurant or its owner available during the observation was interviewed. Field work was done during 2011-2012. It must be mentioned that during this period was not observed any important change in legislation and/or enforcement of smoking ban/restrictions in those facilities. Study instrument were guide for observer that contained two parts - observational and open-ended questions for owners and staff. Observation of cafes/restaurants in Georgia shows that 89,8% of them violate existing restriction on smoking. All restaurants and 85% of cafes violate the law. Only 18 (10,2%) cafes are in compliance with the legislation and all of them have total ban. Despite to the fact that more than 50% of observed cafes/restaurants were located in Tbilisi, absolute majority (88,1%) of smoke free facilities are in regions (mainly in Kutaisi, Zugdidi and Gori). Qualitative study of owners/staff of the facilities found factors that probably are influential in determination of smoking status of cafes/restaurants. Namely, decisions on those kinds of issues are made by owners according to business interest and private attitude. Because of absence of enforcement activities requirement of tobacco control legislation is not taken into consideration. Existing partial restriction doesn't have support from great majority of cafes/restaurants, because it is difficult to implement. At the same time part of owners/staff don't support any type of ban or restriction, because of their fear to loose smoker clients. At that qualitative study and observation shows that this opinion is assumption and not on practice or evidence based argument. Despite to this assumption, total ban on smoking in cafes and restaurants is understood as "coming legislation" and main requirement to this possible development is to provide "ban for all" and information of general public. PMID:22870840

  4. Extending healthy ageing: nutrient sensitive pathway and centenarian population.

    PubMed

    Davinelli, Sergio; Willcox, D Craig; Scapagnini, Giovanni

    2012-01-01

    Ageing is a challenge for any living organism and human longevity is a complex phenotype. With increasing life expectancy, maintaining long-term health, functionality and well-being during ageing has become an essential goal. To increase our understanding of how ageing works, it may be advantageous to analyze the phenotype of centenarians, perhaps one of the best examples of successful ageing. Healthy ageing involves the interaction between genes, the environment, and lifestyle factors, particularly diet. Besides evaluating specific gene-environment interactions in relation to exceptional longevity, it is important to focus attention on modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition to achieve extension of health span. Furthermore, a better understanding of human longevity may assist in the design of strategies to extend the duration of optimal human health. In this article we briefly discuss relevant topics on ageing and longevity with particular focus on dietary patterns of centenarians and nutrient-sensing pathways that have a pivotal role in the regulation of life span. Finally, we also discuss the potential role of Nrf2 system in the pro-ageing signaling emphasizing its phytohormetic activation. PMID:22524452

  5. A Study of Georgia's Criminal Justice System as It Relates to the Mentally Retarded, i.e. Law Enforcement, Judicial, and Incarceration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atlanta Association for Retarded Children, Inc., Decatur, GA.

    Described is a proposed 2-year study by the Atlanta Association for Retarded Children of Georgia's criminal system as it relates to the mentally retarded. The primary purpose of the study is said to be the determination of the best system for the delivery of services to mentally retarded individuals incarcerated in Georgia's penal institutions.…

  6. Ground-Water Conditions and Studies in the Albany Area of Dougherty County, Georgia, 2007

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gordon, Debbie Warner

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has been working with the Albany Water, Gas, and Light Commission to monitor ground-water quality and availability since 1977. This report presents an overview of ground-water conditions and studies in the Albany area of Dougherty County, Georgia, during 2007. Historical data are also presented for comparison with 2007 data. Ongoing monitoring activities include continuous water-level recording in 24 wells and monthly water-level measurements in 5 wells. During 2007, water levels in 21 of the continuous-recording wells were below normal, corresponding to lower than average rainfall. Ground-water samples collected from the Upper Floridan aquifer indicate that nitrate levels have decreased or remained about the same since 2006. Water samples were collected from the Flint River and wells at the Albany wellfield, and data were plotted on a trilinear diagram to show the percent composition of selected major cations and anions. Ground-water constituents (major cations and anions) of the Upper Floridan aquifer at the Albany wellfield are distinctly different from those in the water of the Flint River. To improve the understanding of the ground-water flow system and nitrate movement in the Upper Floridan aquifer, the USGS is developing a ground-water flow model in the southwestern Albany area of Georgia. The model is being calibrated to simulate periods of dry (October 1999) and relatively wet (March 2001) hydrologic conditions. Preliminary water-level simulations indicate a generally good fit to measured water levels.

  7. A floristic study and vegetation analysis of power-line vegetation in Tattnall County, Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Helton, R.C.; Drapalik, D.J.; Cantrell, H.; Drake, D.R. [Georgia Southern Univ., Statesboro, GA (United States)

    1995-07-01

    The object of this study is to obtain a complete list of all vascular plant species found within a floristically diverse area located approximately .6 mile northeast of Manassas, GA. Data was collected from November 1993 to November 1994. Habitat information was obtained for all vascular plant specimens which were collected, preserved, and identified. In addition, plant cover in two of the area`s habitat types, the bog and sandhill, was quantified in fall 1994 using the point-intercept method. The dominant species found in the bogs were grasses and sedges, while the dominant species in the sandhills were wiregrass and bracken fern. We found that the bog habitats had a much greater plant species richness than the sandhill habitats. Over 150 plant species were collected from the study site. This is the first detailed account of the many rare plants, including the endangered and protected carnivourous pitcher plants, found in the Tattnall County, Georgia.

  8. Culture and Cuisine of Bountiful Georgia

    E-print Network

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    , Caucasus Travel, Georgia Tourism Board / Caleb Kenna, MIR Corporation Williams students have been studying · drive to Signagi Drive to Kakheti, Georgia's wine country. In the beautiful hill town of Signagi, sample

  9. Georgia Revealed

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    OneWorld Journeys.com and Washingtonpost.com present Georgia Revealed: Searching for the Soul of the Caucasus. The site showcases a Georgia expedition that occurred April 16-29, the first of three explorations OneWorldJourneys.com have planned this year. Wilderness and nature photographers, journalists, and technicians collaborate here to bring users on their journey through the Caucasus Mountains Region of the Country of Georgia. Georgia Revealed not only features daily journal entries (text, streaming video and audio, and photographs) of the expedition, but also has sections providing background on history, travel, culture, and more. Altogether, this is a very well organized, educational site. We look forward to the next expedition to the Sonoran Desert.

  10. Project ExPreSS: Social studies and science remediation program for the Georgia High School Graduation Test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shearouse, Randy

    Over half of the states now require students to pass a high stakes exit exam before being allowed to graduate from high school. No Child Left Behind requires that standardized testing be included to determine whether or not a school makes Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP). The purpose of this study is to examine the results of the Georgia High School Graduation Test (GHSGT) of students who participated in the remedial program Project ExPreSS with those students who did not participate. Using a quantitative research design, the question that will be answered is whether Project ExPreSS makes a difference in passing the GHSGT in science and social studies among three groups: all Georgia students, African American students in one Georgia school system, and all students in one Georgia school system. A chi-square test was conducted and a determination was made that there is a statistically significant relationship between project participation and pass-fail status in all but one area. The majority of students in this study were 17--18 years of age and were taking the science or social studies section of the GHSGT for the second time. The findings of this study will be important not only for Georgia and the school system examined, but also for other states and systems that give High Stakes Exit Exams (HSEEs). The results indicate that highly focused remedial programs like Project ExPreSS make a difference for students who may not be successful on their first attempt at passing a HSEE.

  11. Business and public health collaboration for emergency preparedness in Georgia: a case study

    PubMed Central

    Buehler, James W; Whitney, Ellen A; Berkelman, Ruth L

    2006-01-01

    Background Governments may be overwhelmed by a large-scale public health emergency, such as a massive bioterrorist attack or natural disaster, requiring collaboration with businesses and other community partners to respond effectively. In Georgia, public health officials and members of the Business Executives for National Security have successfully collaborated to develop and test procedures for dispensing medications from the Strategic National Stockpile. Lessons learned from this collaboration should be useful to other public health and business leaders interested in developing similar partnerships. Methods The authors conducted a case study based on interviews with 26 government, business, and academic participants in this collaboration. Results The partnership is based on shared objectives to protect public health and assure community cohesion in the wake of a large-scale disaster, on the recognition that acting alone neither public health agencies nor businesses are likely to manage such a response successfully, and on the realization that business and community continuity are intertwined. The partnership has required participants to acknowledge and address multiple challenges, including differences in business and government cultures and operational constraints, such as concerns about the confidentiality of shared information, liability, and the limits of volunteerism. The partnership has been facilitated by a business model based on defining shared objectives, identifying mutual needs and vulnerabilities, developing carefully-defined projects, and evaluating proposed project methods through exercise testing. Through collaborative engagement in progressively more complex projects, increasing trust and understanding have enabled the partners to make significant progress in addressing these challenges. Conclusion As a result of this partnership, essential relationships have been established, substantial private resources and capabilities have been engaged in government preparedness programs, and a model for collaborative, emergency mass dispensing of pharmaceuticals has been developed, tested, and slated for expansion. The lessons learned from this collaboration in Georgia should be considered by other government and business leaders seeking to develop similar partnerships. PMID:17116256

  12. Groundwater Conditions and Studies in the Albany Area of Dougherty County, Georgia, 2008

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gordon, Debbie Warner

    2009-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey has been working cooperatively with the Albany Water, Gas, and Light Commission to monitor groundwater quality and availability since 1977. This report presents an overview of groundwater conditions and studies in the Albany area of Dougherty County, Georgia, during 2008. Historical data also are presented for comparison with 2008 data. Ongoing monitoring activities include continuous water-level recording in 24 wells and periodic water-level measurements in 5 wells. During 2008, water levels in 10 of the continuous-recording wells were below normal, corresponding to lower than average rainfall. Groundwater samples collected from 25 wells in the Upper Floridan aquifer indicate that nitrate levels during 2008 were similar to values from 2007, with a maximum of 12.5 milligrams per liter at one well. Water samples collected from the Flint River and wells at the Albany well field were analyzed and plotted on a trilinear diagram to show the percent composition of selected major cations and anions. Groundwater constituents (major cations and anions) of the Upper Floridan aquifer at the Albany well field remain distinctly different from those in the water of the Flint River. To improve the understanding of the groundwater-flow system and nitrate movement in the Upper Floridan aquifer, the U.S. Geological Survey is developing a groundwater-flow model in the Albany area of southwestern Georgia. The model is being calibrated to simulate periods of dry (October 1999) hydrologic conditions. Preliminary results of particle tracking indicate that water flows to the well field from the northwest.

  13. APBB2 genetic polymorphisms are associated with severe cognitive impairment in centenarians.

    PubMed

    Golanska, Ewa; Sieruta, Monika; Gresner, Sylwia M; Pfeffer, Anna; Chodakowska-Zebrowska, Malgorzata; Sobow, Tomasz M; Klich, Izabela; Mossakowska, Malgorzata; Szybinska, Aleksandra; Barcikowska, Maria; Liberski, Pawel P

    2013-04-01

    APBB2 gene encodes for ?-amyloid precursor protein-binding family B member 2, (APBB2, FE65-like, FE65L1), an adaptor protein binding to the cytoplasmatic domain of ?-amyloid precursor protein (?APP). Over-expression of APBB2 promotes formation of ?-amyloid (A?), the main constituent of senile plaques. Polymorphisms within APBB2 gene have been proposed as candidate risk factors for Alzheimer's disease. However, their association with longevity has never been investigated. Here we present the first attempt to analyze APBB2 polymorphisms in centenarians. We used a PCR-RFLP method to analyze two intronic nucleotide substitutions: hCV1558625 (rs17443013) and rs13133980. We found no differences in genotype or allele distribution between centenarians and young controls. After stratification of centenarians upon their cognitive performance, the APBB2 rs13133980 G allele was over-represented in centenarians with severe cognitive impairment compared to individuals without this disability. Also the hCV1558625-rs13133980 AG haplotype increased relative risk for severe cognitive impairment in centenarians. Our results support the concept of APBB2 polymorphism association with cognitive performance in the oldest age. PMID:23384821

  14. A case-referent study: light at night and breast cancer risk in Georgia

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Literature has identified detrimental health effects from the indiscriminate use of artificial nighttime light. We examined the co-distribution of light at night (LAN) and breast cancer (BC) incidence in Georgia, with the goal to contribute to the accumulating evidence that exposure to LAN increases risk of BC. Methods Using Georgia Comprehensive Cancer Registry data (2000–2007), we conducted a case-referent study among 34,053 BC cases and 14,458 lung cancer referents. Individuals with lung cancer were used as referents to control for other cancer risk factors that may be associated with elevated LAN, such as air pollution, and since this cancer type was not previously associated with LAN or circadian rhythm disruption. DMSP-OLS Nighttime Light Time Series satellite images (1992–2007) were used to estimate LAN levels; low (0–20 watts per sterradian cm2), medium (21–41 watts per sterradian cm2), high (>41 watts per sterradian cm2). LAN levels were extracted for each year of exposure prior to case/referent diagnosis in ArcGIS. Results Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using logistic regression models controlling for individual-level year of diagnosis, race, age at diagnosis, tumor grade, stage; and population-level determinants including metropolitan statistical area (MSA) status, births per 1,000 women aged 15–50, percentage of female smokers, MSA population mobility, and percentage of population over 16 in the labor force. We found that overall BC incidence was associated with high LAN exposure (OR?=?1.12, 95% CI [1.04, 1.20]). When stratified by race, LAN exposure was associated with increased BC risk among whites (OR?=?1.13, 95% CI [1.05, 1.22]), but not among blacks (OR?=?1.02, 95% CI [0.82, 1.28]). Conclusions Our results suggest positive associations between LAN and BC incidence, especially among whites. The consistency of our findings with previous studies suggests that there could be fundamental biological links between exposure to artificial LAN and increased BC incidence, although additional research using exposure metrics at the individual level is required to confirm or refute these findings. PMID:23594790

  15. Can enhanced autophagy be associated with human longevity? Serum levels of the autophagy biomarker beclin-1 are increased in healthy centenarians.

    PubMed

    Emanuele, Enzo; Minoretti, Piercarlo; Sanchis-Gomar, Fabian; Pareja-Galeano, Helios; Yilmaz, Yusuf; Garatachea, Nuria; Lucia, Alejandro

    2014-12-01

    Autophagy is a major clearance mechanism that degrades organelles and large protein aggregates to maintain cell survival and protein homeostasis. Although induction of autophagy can promote longevity in experimental models, the question as to whether increased basal levels of autophagy can be associated with human longevity remains open. In this pilot study, we investigated the association between serum concentrations of beclin-1, a key regulator of autophagy, and human exceptional longevity (EL). Serum beclin-1 was measured in three study groups: 79 healthy centenarians (39 males, aged 100-104 years); 178 non-diabetic patients who had experienced an acute myocardial infarction at a young age (101 males, 28-39 years); and 180 age- and sex-matched healthy young volunteers (103 males, 27-39 years) using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Healthy centenarians had significantly higher beclin-1 levels (2.2±0.8?ng/mL) compared with both young patients with myocardial infarction (1.5±0.7?ng/mL; p<0.001) and healthy controls (1.4±0.9?ng/mL; p<0.001), whereas no significant difference was observed between the two groups of young subjects. The multivariate-adjusted odds ratio for having serum beclin-1 levels >1.5?ng/mL (i.e., 75th percentile of the young controls' levels) was 3.4 (95% confidence interval 1.8-5.7; p<0.001) for healthy centenarians. Our preliminary data suggest that elevated basal levels of autophagy as reflected by high serum beclin-1 levels may be a biomarker of healthy human EL. PMID:25307612

  16. Water Resources Georgia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Water Resources Georgia: From the USGS web site comes the Georgia Water Information Network (GWIN)which offers water information for thousands of surface-water, ground-water, and water-quality measurement sites in Georgia.

  17. Different Classification Systems Yield Different Dementia Occurrence among Nonagenarians and Centenarians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philippe Pioggiosi; Paola Forti; Giovanni Ravaglia; Domenico Berardi; Giuseppe Ferrari; Diana De Ronchi

    2004-01-01

    Literature data consistently show different prevalence estimates of dementia when different classification systems are used in the same population. Very few data are available for the oldest old of the elderly. We investigated the occurrence of dementia among 34 nonagenarians and centenarians according to four classification systems: the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, third edition

  18. Geochemical mapping in Georgia, USA: a tool for environmental studies, geologic mapping and mineral exploration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark D. Cocker

    1999-01-01

    Because of intensive weathering, poor exposures and thick vegetation, surficial geochemical mapping is a valuable tool in the southeastern United States. Stream sediment and stream water geochemical data collected during the late 1970's as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) Program has recently been mapped and analyzed by the Georgia Geologic Survey with the

  19. White Students--Historically Black Fort Valley State College: A Study of Reverse Desegregation in Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellamy, Donnie D.

    1982-01-01

    Despite the college's efforts to hire more White faculty and establish attractive programs, few White students have enrolled at Georgia's Fort Valley State College. The slow growth of White enrollment is due to a negative college image, White students' unreadiness for Black college experience, and inefficient implementation of desegregation plans.…

  20. Integrated gravity, magnetic, seismic, and geologic study of Triassic Riddleville basin, Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Fisher; D. G. Ziegler; C. L. V. Aiken

    1987-01-01

    An integrated approach was taken in assessing the basement configuration of the Riddleville basin, a Triassic rift structure in central Georgia. The basin is within Piedmont metamorphic and igneous rocks and is overlain by a veneer of Cretaceous and younger sediments. Generally, these basins yield poor seismic data, as in this case where much of the seismic energy is absorbed

  1. Through Ageing, and Beyond: Gut Microbiota and Inflammatory Status in Seniors and Centenarians

    PubMed Central

    Biagi, Elena; Nylund, Lotta; Candela, Marco; Ostan, Rita; Bucci, Laura; Pini, Elisa; Nikkïla, Janne; Monti, Daniela; Satokari, Reetta; Franceschi, Claudio; Brigidi, Patrizia; De Vos, Willem

    2010-01-01

    Background Age-related physiological changes in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as modifications in lifestyle, nutritional behaviour, and functionality of the host immune system, inevitably affect the gut microbiota, resulting in a greater susceptibility to infections. Methodology/Principal Findings By using the Human Intestinal Tract Chip (HITChip) and quantitative PCR of 16S rRNA genes of Bacteria and Archaea, we explored the age-related differences in the gut microbiota composition among young adults, elderly, and centenarians, i.e subjects who reached the extreme limits of the human lifespan, living for over 100 years. We observed that the microbial composition and diversity of the gut ecosystem of young adults and seventy-years old people is highly similar but differs significantly from that of the centenarians. After 100 years of symbiotic association with the human host, the microbiota is characterized by a rearrangement in the Firmicutes population and an enrichment in facultative anaerobes, notably pathobionts. The presence of such a compromised microbiota in the centenarians is associated with an increased inflammatory status, also known as inflammageing, as determined by a range of peripheral blood inflammatory markers. This may be explained by a remodelling of the centenarians' microbiota, with a marked decrease in Faecalibacterium prauznitzii and relatives, symbiotic species with reported anti-inflammatory properties. As signature bacteria of the long life we identified specifically Eubacterium limosum and relatives that were more than ten-fold increased in the centenarians. Conclusions/Significance We provide evidence for the fact that the ageing process deeply affects the structure of the human gut microbiota, as well as its homeostasis with the host's immune system. Because of its crucial role in the host physiology and health status, age-related differences in the gut microbiota composition may be related to the progression of diseases and frailty in the elderly population. PMID:20498852

  2. The effects of Georgia's Choice curricular reform model on third grade science scores on the Georgia Criterion Referenced Competency Test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Phemister, Art W.

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Georgia's Choice reading curriculum on third grade science scores on the Georgia Criterion Referenced Competency Test from 2002 to 2008. In assessing the effectiveness of the Georgia's Choice curriculum model this causal comparative study examined the 105 elementary schools that implemented Georgia's Choice and 105 randomly selected elementary schools that did not elect to use Georgia's Choice. The Georgia's Choice reading program used intensified instruction in an effort to increase reading levels for all students. The study used a non-equivalent control group with a pretest and posttest design to determine the effectiveness of the Georgia's Choice curriculum model. Findings indicated that third grade students in Non-Georgia's Choice schools outscored third grade students in Georgia's Choice schools across the span of the study.

  3. Promoting universal financial protection: health insurance for the poor in Georgia – a case study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The present study focuses on the program “Medical Insurance for the Poor (MIP)” in Georgia. Under this program, the government purchased coverage from private insurance companies for vulnerable households identified through a means testing system, targeting up to 23% of the total population. The benefit package included outpatient and inpatient services with no co-payments, but had only limited outpatient drug benefits. This paper presents the results of the study on the impact of MIP on access to health services and financial protection of the MIP-targeted and general population. Methods With a holistic case study design, the study employed a range of quantitative and qualitative methods. The methods included document review and secondary analysis of the data obtained through the nationwide household health expenditure and utilisation surveys 2007–2010 using the difference-in-differences method. Results The study findings showed that MIP had a positive impact in terms of reduced expenditure for inpatient services and total household health care costs, and there was a higher probability of receiving free outpatient benefits among the MIP-insured. However, MIP insurance had almost no effect on health services utilisation and the households’ expenditure on outpatient drugs, including for those with MIP insurance, due to limited drug benefits in the package and a low claims ratio. In summary, the extended MIP coverage and increased financial access provided by the program, most likely due to the exclusion of outpatient drug coverage from the benefit package and possibly due to improper utilisation management by private insurance companies, were not able to reverse adverse effects of economic slow-down and escalating health expenditure. MIP has only cushioned the negative impact for the poorest by decreasing the poor/rich gradient in the rates of catastrophic health expenditure. Conclusions The recent governmental decision on major expansion of MIP coverage and inclusion of additional drug benefit will most likely significantly enhance the overall MIP impact and its potential as a viable policy instrument for achieving universal coverage. The Georgian experience presented in this paper may be useful for other low- and middle-income countries that are contemplating ways to ensure universal coverage for their populations. PMID:24228796

  4. Personality, self-rated health, and cognition in centenarians: Do personality and self-rated health relate to cognitive function in advanced age?

    PubMed Central

    Kato, Kaori; Zweig, Richard; Schechter, Clyde B.; Verghese, Joe; Barzilai, Nir; Atzmon, Gil

    2013-01-01

    Personality and self-rated health have been linked previously to cognitive outcome in late life. However, these associations have not been shown among the oldest old. This study examined relationships between personality, self-rated health, and cognitive function in a selected sample of Ashkenazi Jewish centenarians (n = 68, 59% female) aged 95 to 106 who lived independently in the community. Personality was measured using the Personality Outlook Profile Scale (POPS), a brief measure that was validated in this population. Self-rated health was assessed by participants’ subjective rating of their present health, and Mini-Mental Status Examination was used to determine cognitive function. Results showed positive associations of the Positive Attitude Towards Life domain of the POPS and self-rated health with participants’ current cognitive function. These associations remained significant even after adjusting for the effects of participants'age, gender, marital status, education, and history of medical illnesses. Further exploratory analysis using structural equations modeling showed significant associations among the three variables, but demonstrated a borderline significant level of mediating effect of personality on the relationship between self-rated health and cognition. These results reemphasized the independent roles of personality and self-rated health on centenarians’ cognitive outcomes. Future studies will further elucidate the impact of personality and self-rated health on cognitive outcomes in the oldest old. PMID:23524310

  5. Association of the insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) polymorphism with longevity in Chinese nonagenarians and centenarians.

    PubMed

    He, Yong-Han; Lu, Xiang; Yang, Li-Qin; Xu, Liang-You; Kong, Qing-Peng

    2014-11-01

    Human lifespan is determined greatly by genetic factors and some investigations have identified putative genes implicated in human longevity. Although some genetic loci have been associated with longevity, most of them are difficult to replicate due to ethnic differences. In this study, we analyzed the association of 18 reported gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with longevity in 1075 samples consisting of 567 nonagenarians/centenarians and 508 younger controls using the GenomeLab SNPstream Genotyping System. Our results confirm the association of the forkhead box O3 (FOXO3) variant (rs13217795) and the ATM serine/threonine kinase (ATM) variant (rs189037) genotypes with longevity (p=0.0075 and p=0.026, using the codominant model and recessive model, respectively). Of note is that we first revealed the association of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) gene polymorphism rs11977526 with longevity in Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians (p=0.033 using the dominant model and p=0.035 using the overdominant model). The FOXO3 and IGFBP-3 form important parts of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling pathway (IGF-1) implicated in human longevity, and the ATM gene is involved in sensing DNA damage and reducing oxidative stress, therefore our results highlight the important roles of insulin pathway and oxidative stress in the longevity in the Chinese population. PMID:25553725

  6. Association of the insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) polymorphism with longevity in Chinese nonagenarians and centenarians

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Li-Qin; Xu, Liang-You; Kong, Qing-Peng

    2014-01-01

    Human lifespan is determined greatly by genetic factors and some investigations have identified putative genes implicated in human longevity. Although some genetic loci have been associated with longevity, most of them are difficult to replicate due to ethnic differences. In this study, we analyzed the association of 18 reported gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with longevity in 1075 samples consisting of 567 nonagenarians/centenarians and 508 younger controls using the GenomeLab SNPstream Genotyping System. Our results confirm the association of the forkhead box O3 (FOXO3) variant (rs13217795) and the ATM serine/threonine kinase (ATM) variant (rs189037) genotypes with longevity (p=0.0075 and p=0.026, using the codominant model and recessive model, respectively). Of note is that we first revealed the association of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) gene polymorphism rs11977526 with longevity in Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians (p=0.033 using the dominant model and p=0.035 using the overdominant model). The FOXO3 and IGFBP-3 form important parts of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling pathway (IGF-1) implicated in human longevity, and the ATM gene is involved in sensing DNA damage and reducing oxidative stress, therefore our results highlight the important roles of insulin pathway and oxidative stress in the longevity in the Chinese population. PMID:25553725

  7. A study of intimate partner violence and posttraumatic stress disorder among women living in safe houses in the state of Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clark T Rikki

    2012-01-01

    This study examines Intimate Partner Violence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among women living in safe houses in the State of Georgia. This study was based on the premise that Intimate Partner Violence has an effect on the mental health status of women living in safe houses and can result in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. A case study analysis approach was used

  8. Follow Up Study: John H. Lounsbury School of Education Field-Based Program Graduates Now Teaching in Partner and Professional Development Schools of Georgia College and State University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smoot, Sharene L.

    A study was done to investigate the status and attitudes of graduates from field-based programs of the John H. Lounsbury School of Education of Georgia College and State University who were teaching in partner and professional development schools. The study was done in two waves, first by e-mail, and then by postal service. There were 41…

  9. UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA. The Department of Sociology and the Latin American and Caribbean Studies Institute (LACSI) invite applications for a tenure-track assistant

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA. The Department of Sociology and the Latin American and Caribbean Studies. Candidates must have a Ph.D. in Sociology or have completed all the requirements for this degree by August 10 to teach courses not only in sociology but also in Latin American and Caribbean studies. Preference

  10. Environmental setting and factors that affect water quality in the Georgia-Florida Coastal Plain study unit

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Berndt, M.P.; Oaksford, E.T.; Darst, M.R.; Marella, R.L.

    1996-01-01

    The Georgia-Florida Coastal Plain study unit covers an area of nearly 62,000 square miles in the southeastern United States, mostly in the Coastal Plain physiographic province. Land resource provinces have been designated based on generalized soil classifications. Land resource provinces in the study area include: the Coastal Flatwoods, the Southern Coastal Plain, the Central Florida Ridge, the Sand Hills, and the Southern Piedmont. The study area includes all or parts of seven hydrologic subregions: the Ogeechee-Savannah, the Altamaha- St.Marys, the Suwannee, the Ochlockonee, the St. Johns, the Peace-Tampa Bay, and the Southern Florida. The primary source of water for public supply in the study area is ground water from the Upper Floridan aquifer. In 1990, more than 90 percent of the 2,888 million gallons per day of ground water used came from this aquifer. The population of the study area was 9.3 million in 1990. The cities of Jacksonville, Orlando, St. Petersburg, Tallahassee, and Tampa, Florida, and parts of Atlanta and Savannah, Georgia, are located in the study area. Forest and agricultural areas are the most common land uses in the study area, accounting for 48 percent and 25 percent of the study area, respectively. Climatic conditions range from temperate in Atlanta, Georgia, where mean annual temperature is about 61.3 degrees Fahrenheit, to subtropical in Tampa, Florida, where mean annual temperature is about 72.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Long-term average precipitation (1961-90) ranges from 43.9 inches per year in Tampa, Florida, and 44.6 in Macon, Georgia, to 65.7 inches per year in Tallahassee, Florida. Floods in the study area result from frontal systems, hurricanes, tropical storms, or severe thunderstorms. Droughts are not common in the study area,especially in the Florida part of the study area due to extensive maritime exposure. The primary physical and cultural characteristics in the study area include physiography, soils and land resource provinces, geologic setting, ground-water systems, surface- water systems, climate, floods, droughts, population, land use, and water use. Factors affecting water quality in the study area are land use (primarily urban and agricultural land uses), water use in coastal areas, hydrogeology, ground-water/surface-water interaction, geology, and climate. Surface-water quality problems in urban areas have occurred in the Ogeechee, Canoochee, Ocmulgee, St. Marys, Alapaha, Withlacoochee (north), Santa Fe, Ochlockonee, St. Johns, and Oklawaha Rivers and include nitrogen and phosphorus loading, low dissolved oxygen, elevated bacteria, sediment, and turbidity, and increased concentrations of metals. In agricultural areas, surface-water quality problems include elevated nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations, erosion, and sedimentation and have occurred in the Ocmulgee, St. Marys, Santa Fe, Ochlockonee, St. Johns, Oklawaha, Withlacoochee (South), Hillsborough, and Alafia Rivers. Ground water-quality problems such as saltwater intrusion have occurred mostly in coastal areas and were caused by excessive withdrawals.

  11. Organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst production, composition and flux from 1996 to 1998 in the central Strait of Georgia (BC, Canada): A sediment trap study

    E-print Network

    Pedersen, Tom

    in the central Strait of Georgia (BC, Canada): A sediment trap study Vera Pospelova a, , Svetlana Esenkulova, University of Victoria, Bob Wright Centre A405, Victoria, B.C., Canada V8W 3V6 b Department of Fisheries, sea-surface temperature (SST), salinity (SSS), and dissolved nutrients (e.g. P, N) (Dale, 1996). Many

  12. A Study of the Relationships between Indicators of Georgia Alternative School Effectiveness and Measures of Student Success as Perceived by Alternative School Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obleton, Eddie V.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between Georgia alternative school administrators' perceptions of student success factors and the three domains of essential elements of effective alternative schools. The success factors included: dropout rate, average grade point average (GPA), average absences per student,…

  13. Exploring the Relationship between a Small Rural School in Northeast Georgia and Its Community: An Image-Based Study Using Participant-Produced Photographs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sampson-Cordle, Alice Vera

    This study examined the relationship between a small rural school in northeast Georgia and its surrounding community. Three teachers, two community members, and three students used cameras to collect data related to their perceptions of the school-community relationship. They created photographs, then wrote about their photos, and finally, held…

  14. EXPERIENCE OF ANTIRETROVIRAL TREATMENT IN GEORGIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tengiz Tsertsvadze; Natalia Bolokadze; Nino Gochitashvili; Lali Sharvadze; Otar Chokoshvili; Natia Dvali; Amiran Gamkrelidze; Lali Khotenashvili; Srdan Matic

    SUMMARY Introduction: HIV infection is the major public health, social and economic problem in Georgia. Although the HIV epidemic is in its nascent phase in the country, the potential risk for development of a wide spread HIV epidemic is very high. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of ARV treatment principles in Georgia, including treatment and

  15. GEORGIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY University System of Georgia

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    GEORGIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY University System of Georgia BB&T Distinguished Chair in Banking of Business Administration invites nominations and applications for the BB&T Distinguished Chair in Banking than 20,500 students and offers more than 100 campus- based and online degree programs

  16. GEORGIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY University System of Georgia

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    of Health and Kinesiology. The College has over 3,000 undergraduate majors, 200 graduate students, and 100 Education--Search # 67161 College of Health and Human Sciences Georgia Southern University invites in the College of Health and Human Sciences. Georgia Southern University, a member institution of the University

  17. Association of fasting serum insulin and fasting serum glucose levels with cognitive impairment in Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians.

    PubMed

    Yan-Ling, Zhang; Chang-Quan, Huang; Li, Yong; Bi-Rong, Dong

    2014-02-01

    In this study, we examined the association of fasting serum insulin (FSI) and fasting serum glucose (FSG) with cognitive impairment in the very elderly using a sample of Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians. This study used data from a survey that was conducted in 2005 on all residents aged 90 years or more in a district with 2,311,709 inhabitants. FSG, FSI, and cognitive function were analyzed. The sample included 661 unrelated Chinese individuals (aged 90-108 years; mean, 93.52 ± 3.37 years; 67.17 % women; FSI, 6.27 ± 2.27 mU/mL; FSG levels, 4.46 ± 1.45 mmol/L). The prevalence of cognitive impairment was 61.81 % and that of hypoinsulinemia was 31.92 %. Individuals with hypoinsulinemia showed lower cognitive function scores (14.81 ± 5.79 vs. 15.78 ± 5.24, t = 2.160, P = 0.031). No differences in cognitive function score between different FSI and FSG groups were significant, and no differences in FSI and FSG between individuals with and without cognitive impairment were statistically significant. Unadjusted multiple logistic regressions showed that hypoinsulinemia, impaired fasting glucose, or diabetes did not change the risk of cognitive impairment significantly. In summary, we found that in elderly subjects, cognitive function appeared associated with FSI, and higher FSI may be associated with enhanced cognitive function. PMID:23756707

  18. University of Georgia Cooperative Extension

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension program is designed to help educators teach their students about the environment, chronic diseases, physical activity, and much more. Visitors can use the Find a Resource area to look over fact sheets, field studies, lesson plans, programs, and publications. The fact sheets include well-thought out primers on energy conservation and sustainable agriculture. The lesson plans feature over 100 classroom resources designed for grades K-12 that deal with food science, public health, food safety, and drought in Georgia. The site is rounded out by the publications area, which features a number of publications ranging from backyard gardening to water conservation and soil testing.

  19. Are Men Aging as Oaks and Women as Reeds? A Behavioral Hypothesis to Explain the Gender Paradox of French Centenarians

    PubMed Central

    Balard, Frédéric; Beluche, Isabelle; Romieu, Isabelle; Willcox, Donald Craig; Robine, Jean-Marie

    2011-01-01

    Since the 1990s, several studies involving French centenarians have shown a gender paradox in old age. Even if women are more numerous in old age and live longer than men, men are in better physical and cognitive health, are higher functioning, and have superior vision. If better health should lead to a longer life, why are men not living longer than women? This paper proposes a hypothesis based on the differences in the generational habitus between men and women who were born at the beginning of the 20th century. The concept of generational habitus combines the generation theory of Mannheim with the habitus concept of Bourdieu based on the observation that there exists a way of being, thinking, and doing for each generation. We hypothesized that this habitus still influences many gender-linked behaviours in old age. Men, as “oaks,” seem able to delay the afflictions of old age until a breaking point, while women, as “reeds,” seem able to survive despite an accumulation of health deficits. PMID:22175018

  20. A field and statistical modeling study to estimate irrigation water use at Benchmark Farms study sites in southwestern Georgia, 1995-96

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fanning, Julia L.; Schwarz, Gregory E.; Lewis, William C.

    2001-01-01

    A benchmark irrigation monitoring network of farms located in a 32-county area in southwestern Georgia was established in 1995 to improve estimates of irrigation water use. A stratified random sample of 500 permitted irrigators was selected from a data base--maintained by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Georgia Environmental Protection Division, Water Resources Management Branch--to obtain 180 voluntary participants in the study area. Site-specific irrigation data were collected at each farm using running-time totalizers and noninvasive flowmeters. Data were collected and compiled for 50 farms for 1995 and 130 additional farms for the 1996 growing season--a total of 180 farms. Irrigation data collected during the 1996 growing season were compiled for 180 benchmark farms and used to develop a statistical model to estimate irrigation water use in 32 counties in southwestern Georgia. The estimates derived were developed from using a statistical approach know as ?bootstrap analysis? that allows for the estimation of precision. Five model components--whether-to-irrigate, acres irrigated, crop selected, seasonal-irrigation scheduling, and the amount of irrigation applied--compose the irrigation model and were developed to reflect patterns in the data collected at Benchmark Farms Study area sites. The model estimated that peak irrigation for all counties in the study area occurred during July with significant irrigation also occurring during May, June, and August. Irwin and Tift were the most irrigated and Schley and Houston were the least irrigated counties in the study area. High irrigation intensity primarily was located along the eastern border of the study area; whereas, low irrigation intensity was located in the southwestern quadrant where ground water was the dominant irrigation source. Crop-level estimates showed sizable variations across crops and considerable uncertainty for all crops other than peanuts and pecans. Counties having the most irrigated acres showed higher variations in annual irrigation than counties having the least irrigated acres. The Benchmark Farms Study model estimates were higher than previous irrigation estimates, with 20 percent of the bias a result of underestimating irrigation acreage in earlier studies. Model estimates showed evidence of an upward bias of about 15 percent with the likely cause being a misrepresented inches-applied model. A better understanding of the causes of bias in the model could be determined with a larger irrigation sample size and increased substantially by automating the reporting of monthly totalizer amounts.

  1. Rejuvenating senescent and centenarian human cells by reprogramming through the pluripotent state

    PubMed Central

    Lapasset, Laure; Milhavet, Ollivier; Prieur, Alexandre; Besnard, Emilie; Babled, Amelie; Aït-Hamou, Nafissa; Leschik, Julia; Pellestor, Franck; Ramirez, Jean-Marie; De Vos, John; Lehmann, Sylvain; Lemaitre, Jean-Marc

    2011-01-01

    Direct reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provides a unique opportunity to derive patient-specific stem cells with potential applications in tissue replacement therapies and without the ethical concerns of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). However, cellular senescence, which contributes to aging and restricted longevity, has been described as a barrier to the derivation of iPSCs. Here we demonstrate, using an optimized protocol, that cellular senescence is not a limit to reprogramming and that age-related cellular physiology is reversible. Thus, we show that our iPSCs generated from senescent and centenarian cells have reset telomere size, gene expression profiles, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial metabolism, and are indistinguishable from hESCs. Finally, we show that senescent and centenarian-derived pluripotent stem cells are able to redifferentiate into fully rejuvenated cells. These results provide new insights into iPSC technology and pave the way for regenerative medicine for aged patients. PMID:22056670

  2. Organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst production, composition and flux from 1996 to 1998 in the central Strait of Georgia (BC, Canada): A sediment trap study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vera Pospelova; Svetlana Esenkulova; Sophia C. Johannessen; Mary C. O'Brien; Robie W. Macdonald

    2010-01-01

    Bi-weekly fluxes of dinoflagellate cysts and assemblage composition were recorded from March 1996 to January 1999 in the central part of the Strait of Georgia (BC, Canada). The study period captured the 1997–98 El Niño event, which was characterized locally by increased Fraser River discharge resulting from earlier than usual snowmelt in 1997 and warmer sea-surface temperatures in 1998.Thirty dinoflagellate

  3. High Utility of Contact Investigation for Latent and Active Tuberculosis Case Detection among the Contacts: A Retrospective Cohort Study in Tbilisi, Georgia, 2010–2011

    PubMed Central

    Chakhaia, Tsira; Magee, Matthew J.; Kempker, Russell R.; Gegia, Medea; Goginashvili, Leila; Nanava, Ucha; Blumberg, Henry M.

    2014-01-01

    Setting The study was conducted at the National Center for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NCTBLD) in Tbilisi, Georgia. Objective To assess the utility of contact investigation for tuberculosis (TB) case detection. We also assessed the prevalence and risk factors for active TB disease and latent TB infection (LTBI) among contacts of active pulmonary TB cases. Design A retrospective cohort study was conducted among the contacts of active pulmonary TB cases registered in 2010–2011 at the NCTBLD in Tbilisi, Georgia. Contacts of active TB patients were investigated according to an “invitation model”: they were referred to the NCTBLD by the index case; were queried about clinical symptoms suggestive of active TB disease; tuberculin skin testing and chest radiographs were performed. Demographic, laboratory, and clinical data of TB patients and their contacts were abstracted from existing records up to February 2013. Results 869 contacts of 396 index cases were enrolled in the study; a median of 2 contacts were referred per index case. Among the 869 contacts, 47 (5.4%) were found to have or developed active TB disease: 30 (63.8%) were diagnosed with TB during the baseline period (co-prevalent cases) and 17 (36.2%) developed active TB disease during the follow-up period (mean follow up of 21 months) (incident TB cases). The incidence rate of active TB disease among contacts was 1126.0 per 100 000 person years (95% CI 655.7–1802.0 per 100,000 person-years). Among the 402 contacts who had a tuberculin skin test (TST) performed, 52.7% (95% CI 47.7–57.7%) had LTBI. Conclusions A high prevalence of LTBI and active TB disease was found among the contacts of TB cases in Tbilisi, Georgia. Our findings demonstrated that an “invitation” model of contact investigation was an effective method of case detection. Therefore, contact investigation should be scaled up in Georgia. PMID:25379809

  4. The Impact of Invisibility on the Health of Migrant Farmworkers in the Southeastern United States: A Case Study from Georgia

    PubMed Central

    Bail, Kari M.; Foster, Jennifer; Dalmida, Safiya George; Kelly, Ursula; Howett, Maeve; Ferranti, Erin P.; Wold, Judith

    2012-01-01

    Migrant farmworkers represent one of the most marginalized and underserved populations in the United States. Acculturation theory cannot be easily mapped onto the transnational experience of migrant farmworkers, who navigate multiple physical and cultural spaces yearly, and who are not recognized by the state they constitute, “the Citizen's Other” (Kerber, 2009). This paper utilizes narrative analysis of a case study to illustrate, through the relationship of the narrator to migrant farmworkers and years of participant observation by the coauthors, how isolation from family and community, as well as invisibility within institutions, affect the health and well-being of migrant farmworkers in southeastern Georgia. Invisibility of farmworkers within institutions, such as health care, the educational system, social services, domestic violence shelters, and churches contribute to illness among farmworkers. The dominant American discourse surrounding immigration policy addresses the strain immigrants put on the social systems, educational system, and the health care system. Nurses who work with farmworkers are well positioned to bring the subjective experience of farmworkers to light, especially for those engaged with socially just policies. Those who contribute to the abundant agricultural produce that feeds Americans deserve the recognition upon which social integration depends. PMID:22830007

  5. A Muong Nong-type Georgia tektite

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. P. Glass; C. Koeberl; J. D. Blum; F. Senftle; G. A. Izett; B. J. Evans; A. N. Thorpe; H. Povenmire; R. L. Strange

    1995-01-01

    A large (130 g), layered tektite was found just south of Riddleville, Georgia, USA, in July 1993. The specimen has a bulk composition similar to that of splash-form Georgia tektites, but with a much wider range in composition (e.g., the silica content ranges from 69–99 wt%) and it contains numerous white opaque inclusions. Portions of the specimen were studied to

  6. Hydrologic conditions, stream-water quality, and selected groundwater studies conducted in the Lawrenceville area, Georgia, 2003-2008

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Clarke, John S.; Williams, Lester J.

    2010-01-01

    Hydrologic studies conducted during 2003-2008 as part of the U.S. Geological Survey Cooperative Water Program with the City of Lawrenceville, Georgia, provide important data for the management of water resources. The Cooperative Water Program includes (1) hydrologic monitoring (precipitation, streamflow, and groundwater levels) to quantify baseline conditions in anticipation of expanded groundwater development, (2) surface-water-quality monitoring to provide an understanding of how stream quality is affected by natural (such as precipitation) and anthropogenic factors (such as impervious area), and (3) geologic studies to better understand groundwater flow and hydrologic processes in a crystalline rock setting. The hydrologic monitoring network includes each of the two watersheds projected for groundwater development?the Redland-Pew Creek and upper Alcovy River watersheds?and the upper Apalachee River watershed, which serves as a background or control watershed because of its similar hydrologic and geologic characteristics to the other two watersheds. In each watershed, precipitation was generally greater during 2003-2005 than during 2006-2008, and correspondingly streamflow and groundwater levels decreased. In the upper Alcovy River and Redland-Pew Creek watersheds, groundwater level declines during 2003-2008 were mostly between 2 and 7 feet, with maximum observed declines of as much as 28.5 feet in the upper Alcovy River watershed, and 49.1 feet in the Redland-Pew Creek watershed. Synoptic base-flow measurements were used to locate and quantify gains or losses to streamflow resulting from groundwater interaction (groundwater seepage). In September 2006, seepage gains were measured at five of nine reaches evaluated in the upper Alcovy River watershed, with losses in the other four. The four losing reaches were near the confluence of the Alcovy River and Cedar Creek where the stream gradient is low and bedrock is at or near the land surface. In the Redland-Pew Creek watershed, groundwater seepage gains were observed at each of the 10 reaches measured during September 2008. Continuous specific conductance, temperature, and turbidity data were collected at gage sites located on Pew and Shoal Creeks, which drain about 32 percent of the city area, and at a background site on the Apalachee River located outside the city boundary. Continuous surface-water monitoring data indicate that reduced precipitation during 2006-2008 resulted in lower turbidity and higher stream temperature and specific conductance than in 2003-2005. In comparison to the other two stream sites, water at the Apalachee River site had the lowest mean and median values for specific conductance, and the greatest mean and median values for turbidity during October 2005-December 2008. In addition to continuous water-quality monitoring, samples were collected periodically to determine fecal-coliform bacteria concentrations. None of the individual samples at the three sites exceeded the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (GaEPD) limit of 4,000 most probable number of colonies per 100 milliliters (MPN col/100 mL) for November through April. In the Redland-Pew Creek and Shoal Creek watersheds, the GaEPD 30-day geometric mean standard of 200 MPN col/100 mL for May-October was exceeded twice during two sampling periods in May-October 2007 and twice during two sampling periods in May-October 2008. Groundwater studies conducted during 2003-2007 include the collection of borehole geophysical logs from four test wells drilled in the upper Alcovy River watershed to provide insight into subsurface geologic characteristics. A flowmeter survey was conducted in a well south of Rhodes Jordan Park to help assess the interconnection of the well with surface water and the effectiveness of a liner-packer assembly installed to eliminate that interconnection. At that same well, hydraulic packer tests were conducted in the open-hole section of the well, and water samp

  7. The Georgia’s Cyberwar

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria José Rios; Sérgio Tenreiro de Magalhães; Leonel Santos; Hamid Jahankhani

    The evolution of the technology and the changes in the organization and control of the critical infrastructures of the nations\\u000a are creating a new combat front. The case studied in this paper refers to the attack to the information systems of the Georgian\\u000a organizations that occurred at the same time as the conventional military operation executed by the Russian army

  8. Financial Leadership Competencies for Public College and University Presidential Leaders in Georgia: A Delphi Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Susan M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the mixed-method Delphi study is to identify the financial leadership competencies considered most important in operating public higher education institutions. The current study also determined whether differences existed in the perceptions of participants' age, level of education, years of service as a president, the number of…

  9. REGENTS' STUDY ON COMMUNITY JUNIOR COLLEGES IN GEORGIA, SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DOWNS, HARRY S.

    STUDY OF POPULATION TRENDS, PROJECTIONS OF HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES AND COLLEGE ENROLLMENTS, AND LOCATION OF EXISTING FACILITIES INDICATE A HIGH PRIORITY NEED FOR JUNIOR COLLEGE EDUCATION IN THE BIBB-HOUSTON COUNTY AREA, THE WEST METROPOLITAN ATLANTA AREA, AND THE SOUTH METROPOLITAN ATLANTA AREA. AREAS OF POTENTIAL THOUGH NOT CURRENTLY OF HIGH…

  10. Block Scheduling Effectiveness: A 10Year Longitudinal Study of One Georgia School System's Test Score Indicators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen H. Reames; Carol Bradshaw

    A case study of the effectiveness of high school block scheduling in an urban school system was examined by considering whether the changed schedule resulted in an increase in test scores on several measures such as the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), Advanced Placement Tests (AP), and state mandated graduation examinations. Ten years of data were gathered from the public report

  11. A North Adriatic centenarian: The marine research station at Rovinj

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zavodnik, D.

    1995-03-01

    The institute in Rovinj was founded in 1891 as the field station of the Berlin Aquarium. It soon gained in scientific importance. From 1911, it was governed by various scientific bodies, such as the ‘Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften’, the ‘Reale Comitato Talassografico Italiano’, and the ‘Jugoslavenska Akademija znanosti i umjetnosti’. At present, it is a department of the ‘Ru?er Bo\\vskovi?’ Institute, called the ‘Center for Marine Research Rovinj’. In the past hundred years, the Rovinj station experienced several ascents and declines in its development: both in the First and Second World Wars the station's scientific equipment, research vessels, library and reference collections were dispersed, and from 1945 1948 the station was closed. But in “happier” periods, rich support by the state and international bodies favoured the increase in research facilities and promoted interest among visiting scientists. The station has always been involved in studies of the Adriatic Sea, especially in its northern part. It contributed much to general knowledge of oceanography, of the physics and chemistry of the sea, but its paramount contribution is to various disciplines of marine biological sciences. Applied research, however, was most oriented to fisheries biology, especially shellfish culture, to resource studies, and, recently, to toxicology, bacteriology, eutrophication and pollution monitoring. The international approach in science and applied research was always favoured. At present, the Center is well equipped for complex coastal and offshore field- and laboratory research, and maintains facilities for graduate and postgraduate teaching. Scientific dissemination is also promoted by the public aquarium and professional meetings.

  12. The best MSW treatment option by considering greenhouse gas emissions reduction: a case study in Georgia.

    PubMed

    Tayyeba, Omid; Olsson, Monika; Brandt, Nils

    2011-08-01

    The grave concern over climate change and new economic incentives such as the clean development mechanism (CDM) have given more weight to the potential of projects for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the Adjara solid waste management project, even though the need for reductions in GHG emissions is acknowledged, it is not one of the key factors for selecting the most appropriate treatment method. This study addresses the benefit of various solid waste treatment methods that could be used in the Adjara project in terms of reducing GHG emissions. Seven different options for solid waste treatment are examined: open dumping as the baseline case, four options for landfill technology (no provision of landfill gas capture, landfill gas capture with open flare system, with enclosed flare system and with electricity generation), composting and anaerobic digestion with electricity production. CDM methodologies were used to quantify the amount of reductions for the scenarios. The study concludes sanitary landfill with capture and burning of landfill gas by an enclosed flare system could satisfy the requirements, including GHG reduction potential. The findings were tested for uncertainty and sensitivity by varying the data on composition and amount of waste and were found to be robust. PMID:21382876

  13. An Evaluation of Lottery Expenditures for Public School Safety in Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Todd, Knox H.; Kellermann, Arthur L.; Wald, Marlena; Lipscomb, Leslie; Fajman, Nancy

    In 1994, approximately $20 million of Georgia Lottery for Education funds were spent to make schools safer. This report presents the results of an evaluation of Georgia Lottery for Education expenditures for technologies related to school safety. The study evaluated the safety technology at 15 Georgia public schools. Data were gathered through…

  14. Centenarian Einstein

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-04-25

    Commémoration de A.Einstein avec 4 orateurs pour honnorer sa mémoire: le prof.Weisskopf parlera de l'homme de science engagé, Daniel Amati du climat de la physique aux années 1920, Sergio Fubini de l'heure scientifique d'A.Einstein et le prof.Berob(?)

  15. National Observatory Report on Vocational Education and Training in Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glonti, Kote; Ejibadze, A.; Nanobashvili, K.; Mickaia, L.; Natsvlishvili, E.; Imedashvili, M.; Mikeladze, A.

    The state of vocational education and training (VET) in the Georgia Republic in 1999-2000 was examined. The study focused on the following topics: (1) the socioeconomic context of VET; (2) Georgia's labor market (the current labor market situation, employment, unemployment); (3) management of VET (legislation and policy, responsible bodies,…

  16. Regional Child Care Trends: Comparing Georgia to Its Neighbors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waits, Lauren; Monaco, Malina; Beck, Lisa; Edwards, Jennifer

    As child care becomes an increasingly important public policy issue on the national level, there is emerging concern about Georgia's readiness to meet the needs of its children in care. This study documented the state of child care in Georgia in comparison to other states, to national averages, and to national standards. A group of 12 comparison…

  17. Integrating Engineering Design into Technology Education: Georgia's Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denson, Cameron D.; Kelley, Todd R.; Wicklein, Robert C.

    2009-01-01

    This descriptive research study reported on Georgia's secondary level (grades 6-12) technology education programs capability to incorporate engineering concepts and/or engineering design into their curriculum. Participants were middle school and high school teachers in the state of Georgia who currently teach technology education. Participants…

  18. Georgia Tech Research Institute

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) has been a government and industry partner since 1934 and has branches throughout the United States and Ireland. Visitors will definitely want to click on the "Industry Solutions" on the homepage to get an idea of the industries GTRI works in, such as "Health and Human Systems", "Energy/Environment", and "Information and Communications Technologies". Visitors can click on any of the links to browse case studies in that industry. In "Health and Human Systems", there is a case study of a breath test to detect breast cancer, products made easier to use by people with arthritis and a "purpose-built" law enforcement vehicle. Users of the site interested in reading materials from their historical publication archive, such as "The Research Engineer", published between 1956 and 1961, should click on "Newsroom", to get to the link. There is also a video, called "The Solution Institution" made for GTRI's 75th anniversary, which provides a history of the institution that is "filled with intrigue, innovation, and impact."

  19. Curious Georgia Studies Economics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rolle, Anthony; Houck, Eric A.

    2007-01-01

    District and school administrators are challenged to provide learning environments that help students attain and surpass set levels of academic and social learning. In times of economic strife, discussions often turn to the efficient use of financial and human resources to maximize school districts' capacity to fulfill those objectives. Most…

  20. USGS Water Resources of Georgia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Water Resources of Georgia contains a map of current streamflow conditions; Georgia HydroWatch, a portal to hydrologic data and related information for Georgia; a listing of projects being conducted by the USGS in Georgia; and publications such as abstracts and full reports for USGS projects in Georgia. The water data includes flood-frequency information, low-flow frequency statistics, a drought watch, information on the Chattahoochee BacteriALERT program, and a Flint River Flood tracking chart.

  1. Single nucleotide polymorphism spectra in newborns and centenarians: identification of genes coding for rise of mortal disease.

    PubMed

    Tomita-Mitchell, A; Muniappan, B P; Herrero-Jimenez, P; Zarbl, H; Thilly, W G

    1998-11-26

    Some single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) increase the risk of mortal disease. Identifying these SNPs and the genes in which they reside is an important area in human genomics. Such qualitative observations are important in themselves. However, an accurate assessment of the numerical distribution and age-dependent decline of SNPs in the population would permit calculation of the rises represented by each SNP. Such analyses have not been attempted because of a lack of an efficient and cost-effective method to detect multiple SNPs in a large number of individuals and a large number of genes. Here, we suggest the use of an analytical procedure that can scan for SNPs in 100-bp DNA sequences from as many as 10000 donors' blood cell samples, or 20000 alleles, simultaneously. Our suggestion is based on technology developed for studies of somatic mutations in human tissue DNA for point mutations at frequencies equal to or greater than 10(-6). In a simplified version of this technology, any SNP arising at frequencies at or above 5x10(-4) would be identified with useful precision. A gene would be represented by 10 or more sections of 100bp. This strategy includes splice-site mutations that represent a significant fraction of gene inactivating point mutations and would not be observed in strategies using cDNA. To illustrate the logic of the suggested approach, we use American mortality records to calculate the expected decrease in SNPs coding for premature mortality in newborns and centenarians. We consider several elementary cases: SNPs in one gene only, any of several genes, or all of several genes that create a risk of death by pancreatic cancer. The fraction of expressed polymorphisms affecting mortality should be simultaneously increased in probands and decreased in the aged relative to newborns. Silent polymorphisms in the same gene would remain unchanged in all three groups and serve as internal standards. A key point is that scanning a gene, in which loss of gene function creates the risk of mortality is expected to reveal not one, but multiple SNPs, which decline with age, as carriers die earlier in life than non-carriers. Several SNPs in a scanned gene would suggest that the decreasing SNP was genetically linked to a different polymorphism that creates the disease risk. PMID:9858772

  2. BLOOD MOUNTAIN ROADLESS AREA, GEORGIA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Koeppen, Robert P.; Armstrong, Michelle K.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral-resource survey of the Blood Mountain Roadless Area, Georgia, indicates that there is little promise for the occurrence of mineral and energy resources. Natural gas may be present at great depth, perhaps 5 mi down and below the overthrust sheets of the Blue Ridge Mountains, but presently available information is not adequate to evaluate the resource potential of this commodity. Further seismic studies and exploratory drilling are needed to evaluate the gas potential of this part of the Eastern Overthrust Belt.

  3. A Contextual Analysis of the Quality Core Curriculum and the Georgia Performance Standards in Seventh Grade Social Studies: A Critical Race Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Candis, Matthew Reese

    2013-01-01

    In 1985 the state of Georgia introduced the Quality Core Curriculum (QCC) in accordance with the Quality Basic Education (QBE) Act. These learning standards identified the content knowledge that students were required to learn in each subject area at all grade levels. The QCC was replaced by the Georgia Performance Standards (GPS) to identify the…

  4. University of Georgia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Located in Athens, Georgia, UGA's Department of Marine Sciences offers graduate degree programs at the Ph.D. and M.S. levels with concentrations in biological, chemical, and physical oceanography. Site includes information concerning graduate admissions, undergraduate opportunities, faculty, current research, news and events, and seminars. Also features links to internal and external related programs.

  5. Georgia Geriatric Education Center

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Georgia Geriatric Education Center © Photography courtesy of the U.S. Administration on Aging minorities. Falls and Fall Prevention Causes of falls in older adults and interventions that could reduce or prevent falls. Geriatric Care Management Role, function and qualifications of Geriatric Care Managers

  6. Georgia's Workforce Development Pipeline: One District's Journey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Melissa H.; Hufstetler, Tammy L.

    2011-01-01

    Launched in 2006, the Georgia Work Ready initiative seeks to improve the job training and marketability of Georgia's workforce and drive the state's economic growth. Georgia Work Ready is a partnership between the state and the Georgia Chamber of Commerce. Comprised of three components, Georgia's initiative focuses on job profiling, skills…

  7. It is not known the impact or implications of a study skills class and its effect on high school students in relation to performance on math and science Georgia High School Graduation Test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Mary E.

    The Georgia State Board of Education has put in place requirements that high school students must meet in order to advance to a higher grade level and to achieve credits for graduation. Georgia requires all ninth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth graders to take an end-of-course test after completing class time for academic core subjects. The student's final grade in the end-of-course test course will be calculated using the course grade as 85% and the end-of-course test score as 15%. The student must have a final course grade of 70 or above to pass the course and to earn credit toward graduation. Students in Georgia are required to take the Georgia High School Graduation Test. The tests consist of five parts, writing, math, science, social studies and language arts. Students must make a minimum score of 500 which indicates the student was proficient in mastering the objectives for that particular section of the test. Not all students finish high school in four years due to obstacles that occur. Tutorial sessions are provided for those that wish to participate. High schools may offer study skills classes for students that need extra help in focusing their attention on academic courses. Study skill courses provide the student with techniques that he or she may find useful in organizing thoughts and procedures that direct the student towards success.

  8. Health Service Utilization for Mental, Behavioural and Emotional Problems among Conflict-Affected Population in Georgia: A Cross-Sectional Study

    PubMed Central

    Gotsadze, George; Patel, Vikram; McKee, Martin; Uchaneishvili, Maia; Rukhadze, Natia

    2015-01-01

    Background There is large gap in mental illness treatment globally and potentially especially so in war-affected populations. The study aim was to examine health care utilization patterns for mental, behavioural and emotional problems among the war-affected adult population in the Republic of Georgia. Methods A cross-sectional household survey was conducted among 3600 adults affected by 1990s and 2008 armed conflicts in Georgia. Service use was measured for the last 12 months for any mental, emotional or behavioural problems. TSQ, PHQ-9 and GAD-7 were used to measure current symptoms of PTSD, depression and anxiety. Descriptive and regression analyses were used. Results Respondents were predominantly female (65.0%), 35.8% were unemployed, and 56.0% covered by the government insurance scheme. From the total sample, 30.5% had symptoms of at least one current mental disorder. Among them, 39.0% sought care for mental problems, while 33.1% expressed facing barriers to accessing care and so did not seek care. General practitioners (29%) and neurologists (26%) were consulted by the majority of those with a current mental disorder who accessed services, while use of psychiatric services was far more limited. Pharmacotherapy was the predominant type of care (90%). Female gender (OR 1.50, 95% CI: 1.25, 1.80), middle-age (OR 1.83, 95% CI: 1.48, 2.26) and older-age (OR 1.62, 95% CI: 1.19, 2.21), possession of the state insurance coverage (OR 1.55, 95% CI: 1.30, 1.86), current PTSD symptoms (OR 1.56, 95% CI: 1.29, 1.90) and depression (OR 2.12, 95% CI: 1.70, 2.65) were associated with higher rates of health service utilization, while employed were less likely to use services (OR 0.71, 95% CI: 0.55, 0.89). Conclusions Reducing financial access barriers and increasing awareness and access to local care required to help reduce the burden of mental disorders among conflict-affected persons in Georgia. PMID:25853246

  9. Health Clinic Environments in Georgia Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Susan Rogers

    2005-01-01

    Schools seem to be the logical place to serve the health needs of students, since children spend a majority of their time there. Design standards were not available for health clinics in Georgia elementary schools; therefore, this study examined key characteristics of an elementary school clinic in order to determine the importance of each design…

  10. Community Types and Mortality in Georgia Counties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Frank W.

    2012-01-01

    Using an "ecological regional analysis" methodology for defining types of communities and their associated mortality rates, this study of Georgia's 159 counties finds that the suburban and town centered counties have low mortality while the city-centered type predicts low mortality for the whites. The military-centered counties do not predict. The…

  11. Homelessness in Augusta, Georgia. Preliminary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Shirley A.; Bennett, Gerald

    Two studies examined homelessness in Augusta, Georgia. The Key Informant Survey, conducted in 1987, involved interviewing individuals (N=42) knowledgeable about homeless people in the community. In the Shelter and Street Surveys of homeless people, conducted in March (N=51) and July (N=71) of 1988, homeless subjects were interviewed concerning…

  12. New acoustic test facility at Georgia Tech

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Van Biesel; Kenneth Cunefare

    2002-01-01

    Georgia Tech's Integrated Acoustics Laboratory (IAL) is a state of the art research facility dedicated to the study of acoustics and vibration. The centerpiece of the laboratory is a 24 ft x24 ft x20 ft full anechoic chamber, which has been in operation since 1998. The IAL is currently expanding to include a reverberation room and hemi-anechoic chamber, designed and

  13. Employer Involvement in Georgia Youth Apprenticeship Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Clifton

    1996-01-01

    A study was conducted to provide insight into employer participation in Georgia youth apprenticeship programs that offer work experience and learning at the work site. Data were gathered through a survey sent to a random sample of 206 employers, of the 450 employers involved in youth apprenticeship programs in the state. Analysis of the 121…

  14. Changes in landscape patterns in Georgia, USA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monica Goigel Turner; C. Lynn Ruscher

    1988-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine how landscape patterns in Georgia, USA have changed through time and whether the spatial patterns varied by physiographic region. Historical aerial photography was used to analyze spatial patterns of land use from the 1930's to the 1980's. Land use patterns were quantified by: (1) mean number and size of patches; (2) fractal

  15. Georgia Tech Strategic Energy Initiative

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Georgia Tech Strategic Energy Initiativeâ??s mission is "to actively engage in and facilitate energy technology development, assessments, demonstration projects, and policy guidance based on scientific facts, engineering principles and economic realities." They analyze the national impact of implementing new energy system technology options in relation to the current status of world oil and gas production, which is characterized by higher and higher prices. They study new and innovative energy technologies in the transportation, building, manufacturing, and electric power sectors and work with Georgia Techâ??s researchers, as well as industry and government partners, to carry out research, development, and demonstration projects. Presentations from their formal kickoff dinner and workshop provide an overview of the Initiative, while more discussion of ongoing projects are described in the Current Projects section of the website. The Energy Facts section provides information on Clean Coal, Ethanol, Fossil Fuel Resources, and Nuclear energy. They also make two Energy Briefs available to download, one on World Oil Production: Future Implications and another on Hybrid Vehicles.

  16. Landslide Hazard in Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaprindashvili, George; Tsereteli, Emil; Gaprindashvili, Merab

    2014-05-01

    In the last decades of the XX century, protect the population from geological hazards, to maintain land and safe operation of the engineering facilities has become the most important social - economic, demographic, political and environmental problems for the whole world. Georgia, with its scales of origination of the natural-catastrophic processes (landslide, mudflow, rockfall, erosion and etc.), their re-occurrence and with the negative results inflicted by these processes to the population, agricultural lands and engineering objects, is one of the most complex mountainous region. The extremely sensitive conditions were conditioned by: 1. Activation of highly intense earthquakes; 2. Activation of the negative meteorological events provoking the disaster processes on the background of global climatic changes and their abnormally frequent occurrence (mostly increased atmospheric precipitations, temperature and humidity); 3. Large-scale Human impact on the environment. Following the problem urgency, a number of departmental and research institutions have made their operations more intense in the given direction within the limits of their competence. First of all, the activity of the Department of Geology of Georgia (which is at present included in the National Environmental Agency of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection), which mapped, identified and cataloged the hazardous processes on the territory of the country and identified the spatial limits and developmental regularities of these processes for tens of years. The increased risk of Geological catastrophes in Georgia first of all is caused by insufficient information between society and responsible persons toward this event. The existed situation needs the base assessment of natural disasters level, the identification of events, to determine their caused reasons, to develop special maps in GIS system, and continuous functioning of geo monitoring researches for develop safety early warning system.

  17. Landslide Hazard in Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaprindashvili, G.; Tsereteli, E.; Gaprindashvili, M.

    2013-12-01

    In the last decades of the XX century, protect the population from geological hazards, to maintain land and safe operation of the engineering facilities has become the most important social - economic, demographic, political and environmental problems for the whole world. Georgia, with its scales of origination of the natural-catastrophic processes (landslide, mudflow, rockfall, erosion and etc.), their re-occurrence and with the negative results inflicted by these processes to the population, agricultural lands and engineering objects, is one of the most complex mountainous region. The extremely sensitive conditions were conditioned by: 1. Activation of highly intense earthquakes; 2. Activation of the negative meteorological events provoking the disaster processes on the background of global climatic changes and their abnormally frequent occurrence (mostly increased atmospheric precipitations, temperature and humidity); 3. Large-scale Human impact on the environment. Following the problem urgency, a number of departmental and research institutions have made their operations more intense in the given direction within the limits of their competence. First of all, the activity of the Department of Geology of Georgia (which is at present included in the National Environmental Agency of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection), which mapped, identified and cataloged the hazardous processes on the territory of the country and identified the spatial limits and developmental regularities of these processes for tens of years. The increased risk of Geological catastrophes in Georgia first of all is caused by insufficient information between society and responsible persons toward this event. The existed situation needs the base assessment of natural disasters level, the identification of events, to determine their caused reasons, to develop special maps in GIS system, and continuous functioning of geo monitoring researches for develop safety early warning system.

  18. Innovations @ Georgia Tech

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2003-01-01

    Some of the most interesting, high-tech research and development efforts are brought to light at this site of the Georgia Institute of Technology. The February 2003 featured story discusses work in "computer-based, low vision technologies that can automatically adapt, or morph themselves, to suit the visual capabilities of individual users." Targeted at people with macular degeneration, these devices would be a significant advancement over current vision aids. Three other stories are maintained in an archive. One describes research in blue laser technology, which will soon be used in ultra-high density DVD applications. The other two stories feature aware home research and wearable computing.

  19. CHATTAHOOCHEE ROADLESS AREA, GEORGIA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nelson, Arthur E.; Welsh, Robert A., Jr.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral survey indicates that the Chattahoochee Roadless Area, Georgia, offers little promise for the occurrence of mineral resources even though gold, mica, sillimanite, soapstone, dunite, chromite, and nickel have been mined nearby, and source rocks for these commodities are present in the roadless area. Granite gneiss, gneiss, schist, and metasandstone in the roadless area are suitable for stone, crushed rock, or aggregate; however, other sources for these materials are available outside the roadless area, closer to present markets. The potential for the occurrence of hydrocarbons (probably gas) beneath the thick regional thrust sheets in this area cannot be adequately evaluated from available data.

  20. Blackjack Complex Fire, Georgia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    For the past week, fires have raged across southeast Georgia, consuming nearly 40,000 acres of the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. This true-color image of the largest fire near Blackjack Island, Georgia, was acquired on May 3, 2002 (top), by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiomter (MODIS), flying aboard NASA's Terra satellite. The fire was ignited by lightning strikes and has spread quickly over a large area of scrub brush in the swamp. Due to the unseasonably dry conditions and the difficult swamp terrain, firefighters have been struggling to keep the fire from spreading any further across the 400,000-acre refuge. Although the fire is now endangering some buildings in nearby Stephen Foster State Park, no one has been injured or killed. By May 8th (lower) the area covered by the fire itself-denoted by red pixels-had shrunk, but smoke continued to billow from the site. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  1. Droughts in Georgia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Barber, Nancy L.; Stamey, Timothy C.

    2000-01-01

    Droughts do not have the immediate effects of floods, but sustained droughts can cause economic stress throughout the State. The word 'drought' has various meanings, depending on a person's perspective. To a farmer, a drought is a period of moisture deficiency that affects the crops under cultivation - even two weeks without rainfall can stress many crops during certain periods of the growing cycle. To a meteorologist, a drought is a prolonged period when precipitation is less than normal. To a water manager, a drought is a deficiency in water supply that affects water availability and water quality. To a hydrologist, a drought is an extended period of decreased precipitation and streamflow. Droughts in Georgia have severely affected municipal and industrial water supplies, agriculture, stream water quality, recreation at major reservoirs, hydropower generation, navigation, and forest resources. In Georgia, droughts have been documented at U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamflow gaging stations since the 1890's. From 1910 to 1940, about 20 streamflow gaging stations were in operation. Since the early 1950's through the late 1980's, about 100 streamflow gaging stations were in operation. Currently (2000), the USGS streamflow gaging network consists of more than 135 continuous-recording gages. Ground-water levels are currently monitored at 165 wells equipped with continuous recorders.

  2. Marketing and advertising practices of Turkish entrepreneurs in transition economies: Evidence from Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdener Kaynak; Ali Riza Apil; Serkan Yalcin

    2009-01-01

    As a transition economy, Georgia has an uncertain, complex, and immature business environment, typical of transition economies\\u000a in the Eurasian region. In an effort to provide insights into marketing and advertising practices in the Eurasian transition\\u000a economies, this study empirically examines the marketing and advertising practices in Georgia through two surveys conducted\\u000a with Turkish entrepreneurs in Georgia and Georgian consumers.

  3. Georgia Tech Studies of Sub-Critical Advanced Burner Reactors with a D-T Fusion Tokamak Neutron Source for the Transmutation of Spent Nuclear Fuel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stacey, W. M.

    2009-09-01

    The possibility that a tokamak D-T fusion neutron source, based on ITER physics and technology, could be used to drive sub-critical, fast-spectrum nuclear reactors fueled with the transuranics (TRU) in spent nuclear fuel discharged from conventional nuclear reactors has been investigated at Georgia Tech in a series of studies which are summarized in this paper. It is found that sub-critical operation of such fast transmutation reactors is advantageous in allowing longer fuel residence time, hence greater TRU burnup between fuel reprocessing stages, and in allowing higher TRU loading without compromising safety, relative to what could be achieved in a similar critical transmutation reactor. The required plasma and fusion technology operating parameter range of the fusion neutron source is generally within the anticipated operational range of ITER. The implications of these results for fusion development policy, if they hold up under more extensive and detailed analysis, is that a D-T fusion tokamak neutron source for a sub-critical transmutation reactor, built on the basis of the ITER operating experience, could possibly be a logical next step after ITER on the path to fusion electrical power reactors. At the same time, such an application would allow fusion to contribute to meeting the nation's energy needs at an earlier stage by helping to close the fission reactor nuclear fuel cycle.

  4. Cesium-137 levels detected in Georgia otters

    SciTech Connect

    Halbrook, R.S.; Jenkins, J.H.

    1988-11-01

    Beginning in the 1940's and continuing through the 50's and early 60's, nuclear devices were tested by aerial detonation in the United States and other countries around the world. Cesium-137 (/sup 137/Cs) is one of the most important radionuclide by-products due to its abundance and slow decay (30-year half-life). The uptake of /sup 137/Cs in animal tissue is the result of its similarity to potassium. The somatic and genetic effects of /sup 137/Cs, along with its effect on reproductive cells, can pose great hazards to wildlife species. A reported buildup of /sup 137/Cs in white-tailed deer in the lower coastal plain of Georgia during the 1960's was followed by a gradual decline during the 1970's. Although numerous studies have involved terrestrial mammals of Georgia, few have involved aquatic mammals such as the river otter. With continued atmospheric testing by some foreign countries and the increased use of nuclear power as an energy source, there is a need for continued monitoring of radionuclides in wildlife to ascertain the quality of the environment. This study was initiated as part of an overall study of environmental pollutants in the river otter of Georgia and deals with analysis of the /sup 137/Cs accumulations in this species.

  5. Ground-water data for Georgia, 1985

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Clarke, J.S.; Joiner, C.N.; Longsworth, S.A.; McFadden, K.W.; Peck, M.F.

    1986-01-01

    Continuous water level records from 146 wells and water level measurements from an additional 1,100 wells in Georgia during 1985 provide the basic data for this report. Hydrographs for selected wells illustrate the effects that changes in recharge and discharge have had on the groundwater reservoirs in the State. Daily mean water levels are shown in hydrographs for 1985. Monthly mean water levels are shown for the 10-year period 1976-86. During 1985, annual mean water levels were generally lower than in 1984, and ranged from 11.4 feet lower to 0.6 feet higher. Much of the decline can be attributed to below-normal precipitation from mid-1984 to mid-1985. Water quality samples also are collected periodically throughout Georgia and analyzed as part of areal and regional groundwater studies. Along the coast, the chloride concentration in the Floridan aquifer system generally remained stable in the Savannah and Brunswick areas. (USGS)

  6. Georgia Official and Statistical Register

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Digital Library of Georgia has distinguished itself by creating a far ranging set of important digital collections, and The Georgia Official and Statistical Register is quite a pippin. Published between 1923 and 1990 by the Georgia Archives, the Register covered Georgia's executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. Within its pages, visitors can read biographical sketches of elected officials, learn about the regents of the university system, peruse election returns, and also learn about the state flag, the state song, and legal holidays. Visitors to the homepage can browse each volume, perform a full-text search, and even just look at the "From the collection" box, which contains a rotating selection of images and text from various editions of the Register.

  7. Georgia Institute of Laboratory Safety

    E-print Network

    )........................................................................................................ 13 Laser Safety Committee (LSCGeorgia Institute of Technology Laboratory Safety Manual April 29, 2013 #12;Georgia Institute of Technology Laboratory Safety Manual 2 Contents 1. INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION................ 9

  8. Georgia Institute of Laboratory Safety

    E-print Network

    ).........................................................................................................13 Laser Safety Committee (LSCGeorgia Institute of Technology Laboratory Safety Manual May 15, 2013 #12;Georgia Institute of Technology Laboratory Safety Manual 2 Contents 1. INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION ............... 9

  9. Ground-Water Data for Georgia, 1988

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Joiner, Charles N.; Peck, Michael F.; Reynolds, Mark S.; Stayton, Welby L.

    1989-01-01

    Continuous water-level records from 144 wells and water-level measurements from an additional 617 wells in Georgia during 1988 provide the basic data for this report. Daily mean water-level hydrographs for selected wells illustrate the effects that changes ln recharge and discharge have had on the ground-water reservoirs in the State during 1988. Monthly mean water levels are shown for the 10-year period 1979-88. Maps showing the potentiometric surface of the Upper Floridan aquifer for Hay 1988 and the Claiborne and Clayton aquifers for October 1988 also are presented. Annual mean water levels in Georgia generally were below those measured in 1987; water levels ranged from 6.9 feet higher to 7.3 feet lower. Record-low water levels were measured during the last half of 1988 in 18 wells tapping the crystalline rock aquifer, the Cretaceous rock aquifer system, the Midville aquifer system, and the Clayton, Upper Floridan, and upper Brunswick aquifers. These record lows were from 0.1 to 1.4 feet lower than the previous record lows. A prolonged drought resulted in decreased recharge to the aquifers and increased ground-water pumping, which caused water levels to decline. Water-quality samples collected periodically throughout Georgia are analyzed as part of areal and regional ground-water studies. Maps showing chloride concentrations in the Upper Floridan aquifer in October 1988 in coastal Georgia and in the Savannah and Brunswick areas are presented. Periodic monitoring of water quality in the Savannah and Brunswick areas indicates that chloride concentrations in the Upper Floridan generally have remained stable.

  10. Study of energy consumption and use patterns of minorities in South Carolina, parts of Georgia and North Carolina, including socio-economic impact studies. Volume I. Energy data and analysis. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Onunkwo, E.N.; Nelson, M.A.

    1982-09-01

    A stratified sample of 1200 households in the 46 counties of South Carolina, 10 counties in Georgia, and 14 counties in North Carolina were selected and household interviews were conducted. Statistical tables and graphs were prepared showing energy consumption and use by income category, by type of housing, by size of household, by type of head of household, by region of state, by type of energy used, by level of education, by different States covered by the study, by age of head of household, and other study variables. Estimates for the various population parameters were developed; hypotheses established in previous studies were tested; ANOVA and chi-square tests were used to test various null and alternative hypotheses; possible explanatory variables were determined and a regression and correlation analysis between energy use and those variables was run; and the relation between disposable income and expenditure on energy was established. (MHR)

  11. Local environmental conditions determine the footprint of municipal effluent in coastal waters: a case study in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia.

    PubMed

    Johannessen, Sophia C; Macdonald, Robie W; Burd, Brenda; van Roodselaar, Albert; Bertold, Stan

    2015-03-01

    To predict the likely effects of management action on any point source discharge into the coastal ocean, it is essential to understand both the composition of the effluent and the environmental conditions in the receiving waters. We illustrate a broadly-applicable approach to evaluating the comprehensive environmental footprint of a discharge, using regional geochemical budgets and nearfield monitoring. We take as a case study municipal effluent discharged into the Strait of Georgia (west coast of Canada), where there has been public controversy over the discharge of screened or primary-treated effluent directly into the ocean. Wastewater contributes ? 1% of the nitrogen, organic carbon and oxygen demand in the Strait and is unlikely to cause eutrophication, harmful algal blooms or hypoxia in this region. Metals (Hg, Pb, Cd) are controlled by natural cycles augmented by past mining and urbanization, with 0.3-5% of the flux contributed by wastewater. Wastewater contributes ~5% of PCBs but ? 60% of PBDEs and is likely also important for pharmaceuticals and personal care products. Effects of high organic flux on benthos are measurable in the immediate receiving environment. The availability of particle-active contaminants to enter the food chain depends on how long those contaminants remain in the sediment surface mixed layer before burial. Secondary treatment, slated for completion in Vancouver in 2030, will reduce fluxes of some contaminants, but will have negligible effect on regional budgets for organic carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, metals and PCBs. Removal of PBDEs from wastewater will affect regional budgets, depending on how the sludge is sequestered. PMID:25481251

  12. Geometric and kinematic analysis, and geochemical study of the Corbin Gneiss Complex and its associated sheared rocks in the Blue Ridge of NW Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Gargi, S.P.

    1985-01-01

    The Corbin Gneiss Complex forms the core of the Salem Church anticlinorium in the Blue Ridge of NW Georgia, and is composed of quartz monzodiorite (Corbin gneiss) and pyroxene-biotite diorite. The observed foliation and the presence of thin zones of ultramylonites and phyllonites in the rocks of the gneiss complex are the result of the ductile shearing. Subsequent to the development of the mylonitic foliation these rocks were subjected for four episodes of flexural slip folding. The first generation folds were associated with the formation of the Salem Church anticlinorium. The northeasterly striking axial planes and the southeasterly plunging fold axes of the last three systems of folds suggest that these folds were formed on the southeasterly dipping foliation planes of the Salem Church anticlinorium. The trace element study of the pyroxene-biotite diorite, the Corbin gneiss (quartz monzodiorite) including its variably sheared equivalents shows that these rocks originated from independent sources by primary petrogenetic processes, and do not show any mixing relationship. The whole rock Rb-Sr isochron of the ultramylonitic Corbin gneiss yields an age of 296 +/- 4 Ma and an initial /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr ratio of 0.7208 +/- 7. The much younger age of the ultramylonite in comparison to that of the unsheared Corbin gneiss (age approx. 1 Ga) is the result of resetting of the Rb-Sr systematics of the latter due to shearing, and denotes the minimum age limit of the shearing. A two point whole rock isochron of the diorite gives an apparent age of 1.22 Ga and an initial /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr ratio of 0.7036. The total crustal age of the diorite is slightly greater than the Corbin gneiss.

  13. BIOLOGY GRADUATE STUDENT SOURCEBOOK GEORGIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    1 BIOLOGY GRADUATE STUDENT SOURCEBOOK GEORGIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1: Introduction to the Biology Department.............................................5 Chapter 2 #12;2 BIOLOGY GRADUATE STUDENT SOURCEBOOK GEORGIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

  14. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-print Network

    Potential of Seepage Ponds in the Coastal Area of Georgia (sponsored by USGS); - Lake Victoria Decision for the Lake Victoria region in East Africa. A graduate student internship was continued with the USGS Georgia

  15. The Utilization of Hunter Education within the Agricultural Education Programs of Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, James E.

    A study examined the status of hunter education in Georgia and the benefits of hunter education or "hunter safety" instruction as perceived by agricultural educators throughout the state. Surveys were mailed to a stratified random sample of 155 agricultural education teachers at middle, junior, and senior high schools throughout Georgia. According…

  16. Safety Net System: A Case Study of Primary and Specialty Care for Uninsured Residents in Cobb County, Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kacie A. Dougherty

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze data from Cobb County safety net facilities to determine primary and specialty care accessibility for low-income patients as evidenced by the availability of resources, affordability of services, accountability of quality care, and policies for the uninsured. The study provides insight for assessing the circumstances in Cobb County and supplies information on services

  17. 40 CFR 81.311 - Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...unless otherwise specified.Georgia—PM2.5(Annual NAAQS) Designated area...unless otherwise noted. Georgia—PM2.5[24-hour NAAQS]Designated...311, the table titled “Georgia—PM2.5(Annual NAAQS)” was amended by...

  18. Forms of State Government in Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joni Khetsuriani

    In the history of Georgia, almost all forms of State government and their varieties have been used. Until the first annexation of Georgia by Russia (1801), in the course of many centuries Georgia had been a monarchical State, represented as an absolute monarchy. In the 12 th century, under Queen Tamar, there was an attempt to establish a parliamentary monarchy.

  19. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-print Network

    of Natural Resources, water and power utilities, environmental organizations and citizen groups, and lakeGeorgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2010 Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2010 1 #12;Introduction The Georgia Water Resources Institute (GWRI) aims

  20. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-print Network

    of Natural Resources, water and power utilities, environmental organizations and citizen groups, and lakeGeorgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2012 Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2012 1 #12;Introduction The Georgia Water Resources Institute (GWRI) engages

  1. Disability Management in the Workplace: Report from the Study Group. Institute on Rehabilitation Issues (16th, Savannah, Georgia, October 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hooser, Jack Van; Rice, B. Douglas

    This guide is intended to aid rehabilitation agencies to plan, develop, and implement disability management programs. The study group which developed the guide looked at the impact of such programs on employers as well as on employees who become disabled. Chapter 1 provides a historical overview of disability management including motivating…

  2. Observing Metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia: Using an Urban Field Study to Enhance Student Experiences and Instructor Knowledge in Urban Geography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Deborah G.

    2003-01-01

    In urban geography courses, knowledge of a local area is especially useful for demonstrating geographic principles. These classroom examples are further enhanced when students conduct their own field observations, with direction from the instructor. This paper describes a field study of the metropolitan Atlanta area that is used in an intermediate…

  3. Fires in Southern Georgia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    Several large fires were burning in southern Georgia on April 29, 2007, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead and captured this image. Places where MODIS detected actively burning fires are outlined in red. The Roundabout Fire sprang up on April 27, according to the U.S. Southern Area Coordination Center, and was about 3,500 acres as of April 30. That fire was threatening homes in the community of Kirkland. Meanwhile, south of Waycross, two large blazes were burning next to each other in the northern part of Okefenokee Swamp. The Sweat Farm Road Fire threatened the town of Waycross in previous weeks, but at the end of April, activity had moved to the southeastern perimeter. The fire had affected more than 50,000 acres of timber (including pine tree plantations) and swamps. Scores of residences scattered throughout the rural area are threatened. The Big Turnaround Complex is burning to the east. The 26,000-acre fire was extremely active over the weekend, with flame lengths more than 60 feet (just over 18 meters) in places. The two blazes appeared to overlap in fire perimeter maps available from the U.S. Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination Team. According to the Southern Area Coordination Center morning report on April 30, the Sweat Farm Road Fire 'will be a long term fire. Containment and control will depend on significant rainfall, due to the inaccessible swamp terrain.' No expected containment date was available for the Big Turnaround Complex Fire, either. Describing that fire, the report stated, 'Heavy fuel loading, high fire danger, and difficulty of access continue to hamper suppression efforts.' The large image provided above has a spatial resolution (level of detail) of 250 meters per pixel. The MODIS Rapid Response Team provides twice-daily images of the region in additional resolutions. They also provide a version of the image that shows smoke plumes stretching out across the Atlantic Ocean.

  4. THE SCHOOL OF CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Sherrill, David

    THE SCHOOL OF CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK.2. TRANSFER AND ADVANCED STANDING CREDIT 2.3. CHOOSING A RESEARCH ADVISOR 2.4. HONOR CODE AND PROPER ETHICAL PROGRAM OF STUDY 5.18. BIOCHEMISTRY PROGRAM OF STUDY 5.19. POLYMER CHEMISTRY PROGRAM OF STUDY 5.20. PAPER

  5. Georgia politics, 1732-1775

    E-print Network

    Dennis, Joseph Lloyd

    1967-01-01

    Carolina played into the hards of a vigorous, young member of the British Parliament. Entering Parliament in 1722, James Edward Oglethorpe became a zealous advocate for prison and pauper elief. Ilany unfortunate Enolishmen, unable to pay their debts... sent them. " Considering the 8 8 Henry E. Russell, "Religious Factors in the Settlement of Georgia, " in James C. Bonner and Lucien E. Roberts, ~G* ' H'*t V d G . , t, p. 3. destitute debtors who were sent to Georgia, this statement is at least...

  6. COHUTTA WILDERNESS, GEORGIA AND TENNESSEE AND HEMP TOP ROADLESS AREA, GEORGIA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gair, Jacob E.; Gazdik, Gertrude C.

    1984-01-01

    A survey has found little or no promise for the occurrence of metallic mineral-resources in the Cohutta Wilderness and the adjacent Hemp Top Roadless Area. The Cohutta Wilderness is located mainly in northern Georgia and extends a small distance into southeastern Tennessee; the Hemp Top Roadless Area borders part of the Cohutta Wilderness on the east and extends southward from the Georgia-Tennessee line. The study area is underlain by slightly metamorphosed folded and faulted sedimentary rocks of late Precambrian age. Detailed sampling in the vicinity of the known gold-bearing and tin-bearing samples might outline small areas of low-grade mineralization. The sedimentary rocks which are buried many thousands of feet beneath the surface of the Cohutta area have an unknown potential for oil and gas - probably gas at the inferred depth of burial and temperatures implicit at such depth. This potential could only be verified by a program of deep drilling.

  7. LANDSAT data for state planning. [of transportation for Georgia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Faust, N. L.; Spann, G. W.

    1975-01-01

    The results of an effort to generate and apply automated classification of LANDSAT digital data to state of Georgia problems are presented. This phase centers on an analysis of the usefulness of LANDSAT digital data to provide land-use data for transportation planning. Hall County, Georgia was chosen as a test site because it is part of a seventeen county area for which the Georgia Department of Transportation is currently designing a Transportation Planning Land-Use Simulation Model. The land-cover information derived from this study was compared to several other existing sources of land-use data for Hall County and input into this simulation. The results indicate that there is difficulty comparing LANDSAT derived land-cover information with previous land-use information since the LANDSAT data are acquired on an acre by acre grid basis while all previous land-use surveys for Hall County used land-use data on a parcel basis.

  8. OZONE PRODUCTION AND TRANSPORT IN THE ATLANTA, GEORGIA REGION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report presents the results from air quality monitoring program conducted in the Atlanta, Georgia region during July 1981. The study included data collected at several ground sites as well as airborne measurements using an instrumented aircraft. Study participants included Wa...

  9. Advocacy Strategies--Georgia-Style

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gambill, Matthew; Wilson, Lynne; Carter, Amy

    2012-01-01

    This November, CTE professionals from all over the country will assemble in the beautiful state of Georgia for CareerTech VISION 2012. With the total redesign of this event, this opportunity will no doubt prove to be one of the greatest professional development opportunities ever offered by the Association for Career and Technical Education…

  10. Reforming Georgia's mental health system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard L. Elliott; Martin D. Cohen; David L. Evans

    1995-01-01

    Legislation passed in 1993 makes sweeping administrative structural changes in Georgia's mental health system. Underlying these changes is the core value that consumers and families should be empowered to participate in the design, contracting, and evaluation of services. The key structural component is the creation of regional boards, comprised of at least 50% consumers and family members, which have the

  11. Georgia Southern University Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Georgia Southern University Information Technology Organization Chart 2013-2014 FINAL: September 18, 2013 R\\Work\\Common:\\OrgCharts\\Rev2014\\ Information Technology \\CIO Produced: Strategic Research of the groups of units reporting there. President Vice President for Information Technology and Chief

  12. Fighting Corruption in Georgia's Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janashia, Natia

    2004-01-01

    In the Republic of Georgia, about 240 institutions of higher education serve a population of 5 million. On the surface, these numbers suggest a prosperous, highly educated society. Behind this facade, however, lies a reality of degraded standards, crumbling infrastructure, rampant academic fraud, and deteriorating educational quality. At the…

  13. Georgiaites: Tektites in Central Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albin, Edward F.

    1991-01-01

    Information is provided about the origin, the features, and the availability of tektites which are odd and very rare types of transparent glass theorized to be from a common, yet unknown, origin. The basis for this article is the Howard collection of tektites found in a small region of central Georgia. (seven references) (JJK)

  14. Record floods sweep through Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joe Reid

    1995-01-01

    Last summer, massive flooding once again challenged the ingenuity of drinking water system managers, this time with flash flooding that swept through Georgia and cut off water to more than 300,000 people. Hardest hit was Macon, where 150,000 people were without potable water for three weeks. In small rural communities such as Newton (population 750), the flood's effects stretched on

  15. Heterorhabditis georgiana n. sp. (Rhabditia: Heterorhabditidae) from Georgia, USA

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In a survey of entomopathogenic nematodes in Georgia, a nematode isolate of the genus Heterorhabditis was found. The nematode was collected from soil by the insect-baiting technique and maintained in the laboratory on last instar Galleria mellonella (L.) larvae. Morphological and molecular studies...

  16. Supply of Private Acreage for Recreational Deer Hunting in Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neelam C. Poudyal; J. M. Bowker; Gary T. Green; Michael A. Tarrant

    2012-01-01

    Understanding factors that influence the supply of private acreage for lease hunting has become increasingly important to sustaining hunting. Improving on existing studies that mostly utilized landowners' responses from contingent surveys, we adopted a different approach to this question by analyzing 2009 market data from Georgia counties. Results from multivariate regression indicate that supply of private lease hunting acres was

  17. Physician Manpower in Georgia: Report of the Task Force for Physician Manpower to the Georgia Comprehensive Health Planning Council.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia State Dept. of Public Health, Atlanta. Office of Comprehensive Health Planning.

    This report is a result of a study of the state's physician manpower by representatives of the fields of medical education and professional practice in Georgia. Contents include introduction and principal findings, recommendations, and analysis of present supply of physicians and other data. Recommendations suggest improvement of the utilization…

  18. THE PARENTS FUND FOR GEORGIA TECH Enriching the Georgia Tech Experience

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    THE PARENTS FUND FOR GEORGIA TECH Enriching the Georgia Tech Experience Contributions to the Parents Fund directly support a wide range of student-focused programs and enable Georgia Tech to address new opportunities for the future. Programs supported by the Parents Fund include: n . Welcome Home

  19. Georgia Biofuel Directory A directory of Georgia industries that use biofuels.

    E-print Network

    Georgia Biofuel Directory · A directory of Georgia industries that use biofuels. · Completed in May _________________________________________________________________ 3 Biofuels_____________________________________________________________________ 4 Biofuel Use in Georgia that Burn Self-Generated Biofuels as of May 2003__ 4 Chart 1.0 Biofuel Use from Contacted

  20. 76 FR 25330 - Georgia Power Company; Project No. 485-063-Georgia and Alabama, Bartletts Ferry Hydroelectric...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-04

    ...Energy Regulatory Commission Georgia Power Company; Project No. 485-063--Georgia and Alabama, Bartletts Ferry Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Restricted...certain parties listed below. Georgia Power Company, as licensee for...

  1. Ground-water data for Georgia, 1986

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Clarke, J.S.; Longsworth, S.A.; Joiner, C.N.; Peck, M.F.; McFadden, K.W.; Milby, B.J.

    1987-01-01

    Continuous water level records from 152 wells and water level measurements from an additional 750 wells in Georgia during 1986 provide the basic data for this report. Hydrographs for selected wells illustrate the effects that changes in recharge and discharge have had on the groundwater reservoirs in the State. Daily mean water levels are shown in hydrographs for 1986. Monthly mean water levels are shown for the 10-yr period 1977-86. During 1986, a prolonged drought resulted in water level declines throughout the State. Annual mean water levels were from 2.7 ft higher to 17.3 ft lower than in 1985, and record lows were measured in 33 wells in the summer and fall. The 1986 lows were from 0.02 ft to 29.2 ft lower than the previous record lows. The largest declines were measured in the Clayton aquifer in the southwestern part of the State. The declines can be attributed to reduced recharge and increased pumping that resulted from below-normal precipitation during the first half of the year. Water quality samples are collected periodically throughout Georgia and analyzed as part of areal and regional groundwater studies. Periodic monitoring of water quality in the Savannah and Brunswick areas indicates that the chloride concentration in the Upper Floridan aquifer there generally has remained stable. (USGS)

  2. Seismic Hazard and Risk Assessment for Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsereteli, Nino; Varazanashvili, Otar; Arabidze, Vakhtang; Gugeshashvili, Tengiz; Mukhadze, Teimuraz; Gvencadze, Aleksandre

    2014-05-01

    Risks of natural hazards caused by natural disaster are closely related to the development process of society. The high level of natural disasters in many countries makes necessary to work out the national programs and strategy. The main goal of these programs is to reduce the natural disasters risk and caused losses. Risk mitigation is the cornerstone of the approach to reduce the nation's vulnerability to disasters from natural hazards. So proper investigation and assessment of natural hazards and vulnerability of the element at risk to hazards is very important for an effective and proper assessment of risk. This work issues a call for advance planning and action to reduce natural disaster risks, notably seismic risk through the investigation of vulnerability and seismic hazard for Georgia. Firstly, detail inventory map of element at risk was created. Here elements at risk are comprised of buildings and population. Secondly, seismic hazard maps were calculated based on modern approach of selecting and ranking global and regional ground motion prediction equation for region. Thirdly, on the bases of empirical data that was collected for some earthquake intensity based vulnerability study were completed for Georgian buildings. Finally, probabilistic seismic risk assessment in terms of structural damage and casualties were calculated for the territory of Georgia using obtained results. This methodology gave prediction of damage and casualty for a given probability of recurrence, based on a probabilistic seismic hazard model, population distribution, inventory, and vulnerability of buildings.

  3. Geology of Stone Mountain, Georgia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Pamela Gore

    This virtual field trip to Stone Mountain Georgia includes both a narrative and photographs of such features as flow banding, tourmaline pods, and several types of xenoliths. Intrusive granite and diabase dikes are shown at both the east quarry and old route 78 locations where products of weathering such as saprolite, kaolinite, halloysite, and gibbsite reside. Photographs of an area of the east quarry taken six years apart show the progress of exfoliation. The site also has a list of references.

  4. Energy Conservation Recommendations, Implementation Costs, and Projected Paybacks for Georgia's Targeted Schools and Hospitals Conservation Program

    E-print Network

    Brown, M. L.; Moore, D. M.

    1988-01-01

    During the past year the Georgia Tech Research Institute performed technical assistance studies on over 100 school and hospital buildings under a program funded by the Governor's Office of Energy Resources. This program is known as the Targeted...

  5. Cedar Creek at Cedartown, Georgia, floodflow characteristics from West Girard Avenue to the Georgia Avenue Relocation

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Price, McGlone

    1981-01-01

    In cooperation with the Highway Division, Georgia Department of Transportation, the U.S. Geological Survey determined the backwater effects of existing bridges and dikes on Cedar Creek at Cedartown, Georgia, for the reach from West Girard Avenue to the Georgia Avenue relocation. The maximum backwater effect for the bridges was 1.7 feet in the upstream approach at the Seaboard Coastline Railroad bridge as a combined result of the Georgia Highway 278 bridge and the Seaboard Coastline Railroad bridge. The maximum effect from the existing dikes was 0.7 foot at the approach section of Georgia Highway 278.

  6. Zooplankton stable isotopes as integrators of bottom-up variability in coastal margins: A case study from the Strait of Georgia and adjacent coastal regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Sabaawi, Rana; Trudel, Marc; Mazumder, Asit

    2013-08-01

    Understanding how environmental “bottom-up” conditions affect the production or survival of higher trophic levels is an integral component of ecosystem management. However, linking environmental conditions to higher trophic levels is difficult because of differences in turnover time. Carbon (?13C) and nitrogen (?15N) isotopes in animal tissues can elucidate these links because they can potentially integrate variability in nutrient concentrations, primary production, and food web structure on a time-scale that reflects the tissue turnover time of consumers. Here we assess environmental and trophic correlates of zooplankton stable isotopes in the Strait of Georgia and three adjacent coastal regions. Zooplankton stable isotopes show strong seasonal variability, and are typically highest in the summer. Regional ?15N signatures appear to be synchronized with the timing of production maxima in each region, and broadly reflect variability in nitrate and chlorophyll. In contrast zooplankton ?13C have relatively weak regional signatures. The environmental variables that best explain zooplankton stable isotopes vary between regions, and between seasons. On the west coast of Vancouver Island, zooplankton ?15N is significantly correlated with sea surface temperature throughout the year. In the Strait correlations between zooplankton stable isotopes and environmental variables are season-specific. In the spring, ?15N and ?13C are correlated with chlorophyll, zooplankton biomass and nitrate, but in the summer zooplankton ?15N is only weakly correlated with the biomass of carnivorous zooplankton. In both regions, between-year variability in zooplankton stable isotopes appears to reflect between-year variability in oceanographic conditions. A time-series of stable isotopes collected from a copepod (Neocalanus plumchrus) from the Strait of Georgia suggests that chlorophyll, nitrate and zooplankton biomass varied dramatically between 2001 and 2006, and sheds light on environmental conditions that accompanied that collapse of this important prey species. We discuss the implications of our findings for an ecosystem management approach to conservation.

  7. The Impact of Curriculum Changes and Implementation of Secondary Mathematics Georgia Performance Standards on Teacher Self-Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramsey, John Phillip

    2012-01-01

    Teachers generally experience a decline in self-efficacy levels during a curriculum change, and Georgia converted from a Quality Core Curriculum (QCC) to Georgia Performance Standards (GPS) the last several years. Middle and high school math teachers experienced an annual tiered rollout of the mathematics curriculum, and this qualitative study was…

  8. 2013 GEORGIA PEST MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK Commercial Edition

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    1 2013 GEORGIA PEST MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK Commercial Edition Special Bulletin 28 Edited by Dan Horton The thirty-fourth edition of the Georgia Pest Management Handbook gives current information on selection SPILLS Assemble a spill kit that contains the following items. 1. Protective equipment indicated

  9. UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC.

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In accordance with Government with Government Auditing Standards 48 #12;3 Report of Independent Auditors The Audit Committee of the Board"), an affiliate of the University of Georgia, which is a unit of the University System of Georgia, which

  10. UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC.

    E-print Network

    Scott, Robert A.

    AND OTHER MATTERS BASED ON AN AUDIT OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS PERFORMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH GOVERNMENT Foundation"), an affiliate of the University of Georgia, which is a unit of the University System of Georgia of these financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States

  11. Articulated Swimming Creatures Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Turk, Greg

    Articulated Swimming Creatures Jie Tan Georgia Institute of Technology Yuting Gu Greg Turk Georgia to creating realistic swimming be- havior for a given articulated creature body. The two main com- ponents of our method are creature/fluid simulation and the opti- mization of the creature motion parameters. We

  12. Georgia History Plan Stirs Civil War Fuss

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

    2004-01-01

    Nearly 140 years have not erased Georgia's memory of the trail of destruction by General William T. Sherman and Union troops as they burned their way from Atlanta to Savannah during a critical campaign of the Civil War. Those weeks in late 1864 have left a lasting influence on the state's history and culture. This article deals with Georgia's…

  13. The University System of Georgia's GALILEO.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penson, Merryll

    1998-01-01

    The University System of Georgia and the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) built the innovative electronic library GALILEO (GeorgiA LIbrary LEarning Online system). This article describes the cooperation, leadership, and technology that made GALILEO possible; the proposal; planning and implementation; governance; current status; and future…

  14. Georgia Tech: Contextual Computing Group

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Contextual Computing Group is a research organization at Georgia Tech College of Computing that focuses on the field of contextually-aware, wearable computing systems. The group is interested in "how the continued emergence of on-body computational resources will impact society." Topics addressed in its work include Wearable Computing, Augmented Reality, Lifelong Everyday Interfaces, Natural Gestural Interfaces, First-Person Perceptive Agents, Contextual Computing Devices, Human Computer Interaction, Computer Vision, Memory Prostheses, Embedded Computers, and Sensor Fusion. Projects related to Wearable Computing have yielded hardware products that are available to purchase. Resources that the group has found useful are available to download free of charge.

  15. Religious heritage and emerging tourism in the Republic of Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marina Metreveli; Dallen J. Timothy

    2010-01-01

    This brief research note describes the current situation regarding religiously based heritage tourism and pilgrimage in Georgia. Heritage in Georgia is almost synonymous with religious heritage. Few countries in the world possess such an intensity of built religious patrimony in a small territory as the foundations of their heritage tourism sector as Georgia does. Georgia is already an increasingly popular

  16. Social Resources and Change in Functional Health: Comparing Three Age Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randall, G. Kevin; Martin, Peter; Bishop, Alex J.; Johnson, Mary Ann; Poon, Leonard W.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the mediating and moderating role of social resources on the association between age and change in functional health for three age groups of older adults. Data were provided by those in their 60s, 80s, and 100s who participated in the first two phases of the Georgia Centenarian study. Analyses confirmed the study's hypothesis…

  17. Georgia After 3PM

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Afterschool Alliance, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Each afternoon across the U.S., 15 million children are alone and unsupervised after school. The parents of 18 million would enroll their children in an afterschool program, if one were available. These are some of the key findings from the nation's most in-depth study of how America's children spend their afternoons. "America After 3PM" was…

  18. Is there an association between mild cognitive impairment and dietary pattern in chinese elderly? Results from a cross-sectional population study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ziqi Wang; Birong Dong; Guo Zeng; Jun Li; Wenlei Wang; Binyou Wang; Qiyuan Yuan

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Diet has an impact on cognitive function in most prior studies but its association with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) in Chinese nonagenarians and centenarians has not been explored. METHODS: 870 elder dujiangyan residents aged 90 years or more in 2005 census were investigated at community halls or at home. They underwent the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) for assessment of

  19. Hydrologic Streamflow Conditions for Georgia, 2007

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Knaak, Andrew E.; Joiner, John K.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geologic Survey (USGS) Georgia Water Science Center (GaWSC) maintains a long-term hydrologic monitoring network of more than 260 real-time streamflow stations and more than 100 noncontinuous streamflow stations throughout Georgia. This network is operated by the USGS GaWSC in cooperation with more than 50 different partners at Federal, State, and local government levels. One of the many benefits of data collected from this monitoring network is that it allows for the analysis of the overall hydrologic condition of streams and lakes of Georgia.

  20. Exploitation and Survival of Black Crappies in Three Georgia Reservoirs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott C. Larson; Bruce Saul; Steve Schleiger

    1991-01-01

    During 1987–1989, population dynamics and fisheries for black crappies Pomoxis nigromaculatus were evaluated at three Georgia reservoirs that traditionally received substantial crappie-fishing effort. Exploitation rates and survival were estimated with mark–recapture studies relying on tag returns from anglers. Fishing pressure, harvest, and angler success were evaluated with nonuniform probability roving creel surveys. Growth rates were determined by scale analysis. Annual

  1. Shallow benthic fauna communities of South Georgia Island

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David K. A. Barnes; Katrin Linse; Cath Waller; Simon Morely; Peter Enderlein; Keiron P. P. Fraser; Matt Brown

    2006-01-01

    Benthic communities in several fjords and sheltered bays of the north coast of South Georgia Island were examined using SCUBA\\u000a and shore sampling in November 2004. It is one of the most northerly islands within the Polar Front and its well studied,\\u000a terrestrial biota is described as sub Antarctic. The intertidal and subtidal zones and their fauna are, by comparison,

  2. Georgia Southern University College of Education

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    , Northern Illinois University; Enid Marie Rosario-Ramos, University of Michigan Looking and Listening of Technology Critical Opening: Poetry in Writing Workshop Amy Seely Flint, Georgia State University; Tasha

  3. Virtual health care center in Georgia.

    PubMed

    Schrader, Thomas; Kldiashvili, Ekaterina

    2008-01-01

    Application of telemedicine systems to cover distant geographical areas has increased recently. However, the potential usefulness of similar systems for creation of national networks does not seem to be widely appreciated. The article describes the "Virtual Health Care Knowledge Center in Georgia" project. Its aim was the set up of an online integrated web-based platform to provide remote medical consultations and eLearning cycles. The project "Virtual Health Care Knowledge Center in Georgia" was the NATO Networking Infrastructure Grant dedicated for development of telemedicine in non-NATO countries. The project implemented a pilot to organize the creation of national eHealth network in Georgia and to promote the use of innovative telemedicine and eLearning services in the Georgian healthcare system. In June 2007 it was continued under the NATO Networking Infrastructure Grant "ePathology--Virtual Pathology Center in Georgia as the Continuation of Virtual Health Care Center". PMID:18673518

  4. OPECbulletin1011/13 GEORGIA TECH

    E-print Network

    Das, Suman

    ethanol from Georgia soft woods, biodiesel and ethanol from algae, as well as the development of more efficient, cost-effective and environmentally-sound ways of utilizing and recy- cling current hydrocarbon

  5. Lyme Borreliosis in Human Patients in Florida and Georgia, USA

    PubMed Central

    Clark, Kerry L.; Leydet, Brian; Hartman, Shirley

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the cause of illness in several human patients residing in Florida and Georgia, USA, with suspected Lyme disease based upon EM-like skin lesions and/or symptoms consistent with early localized or late disseminated Lyme borreliosis. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays developed specifically for Lyme group Borrelia spp., followed by DNA sequencing for confirmation, we identified Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato DNA in samples of blood and skin and also in lone star ticks (Amblyomma americanum) removed from several patients who either live in or were exposed to ticks in Florida or Georgia. This is the first report to present combined PCR and DNA sequence evidence of infection with Lyme Borrelia spp. in human patients in the southern U.S., and to demonstrate that several B. burgdorferi sensu lato species may be associated with Lyme disease-like signs and symptoms in southern states. Based on the findings of this study, we suggest that human Lyme borreliosis occurs in Florida and Georgia, and that some cases of Lyme-like illness referred to as southern tick associated rash illness (STARI) in the southern U.S. may be attributable to previously undetected B. burgdorferi sensu lato infections. PMID:23781138

  6. Lyme borreliosis in human patients in Florida and Georgia, USA.

    PubMed

    Clark, Kerry L; Leydet, Brian; Hartman, Shirley

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the cause of illness in several human patients residing in Florida and Georgia, USA, with suspected Lyme disease based upon EM-like skin lesions and/or symptoms consistent with early localized or late disseminated Lyme borreliosis. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays developed specifically for Lyme group Borrelia spp., followed by DNA sequencing for confirmation, we identified Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato DNA in samples of blood and skin and also in lone star ticks (Amblyomma americanum) removed from several patients who either live in or were exposed to ticks in Florida or Georgia. This is the first report to present combined PCR and DNA sequence evidence of infection with Lyme Borrelia spp. in human patients in the southern U.S., and to demonstrate that several B. burgdorferi sensu lato species may be associated with Lyme disease-like signs and symptoms in southern states. Based on the findings of this study, we suggest that human Lyme borreliosis occurs in Florida and Georgia, and that some cases of Lyme-like illness referred to as southern tick associated rash illness (STARI) in the southern U.S. may be attributable to previously undetected B. burgdorferi sensu lato infections. PMID:23781138

  7. Project Georgia High School/High Tech

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    The High School/High Tech initiative of the President's Committee on Employment of Disabilities, Georgia's application of the collaborative "Georgia Model" and NASA's commitment of funding have shown that opportunities for High School/High Tech students are unlimited. In Georgia, the partnership approach to meeting the needs of this program has opened doors previously closed. As the program grows and develops, reflecting the needs of our students and the marketplace, more opportunities will be available. Our collaboratives are there to provide these opportunities and meet the challenge of matching our students with appropriate education and career goals. Summing up the activities and outcomes of Project Georgia High School/High Tech is not difficult. Significant outcomes have already occurred in the Savannah area as a result of NASA's grant. The support of NASA has enabled Georgia Committee to "grow" High School/High Tech throughout the region-and, by example, the state. The success of the Columbus pilot project has fostered the proliferation of projects, resulting in more than 30 Georgia High School High Tech programs-with eight in the Savannah area.

  8. Diabetes Mellitus, Smoking Status, and Rate of Sputum Culture Conversion in Patients with Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis: A Cohort Study from the Country of Georgia

    PubMed Central

    Magee, Matthew J.; Kempker, Russell R.; Kipiani, Maia; Tukvadze, Nestani; Howards, Penelope P.; Narayan, K. M. Venkat; Blumberg, Henry M.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for active tuberculosis (TB) but little is known about the effect of DM on culture conversion among patients with multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB. The primary aim was to estimate the association between DM and rate of TB sputum culture conversion. A secondary objective was to estimate the association between DM and the risk of poor treatment outcomes among patients with MDR-TB. Materials and Methods A cohort of all adult patients starting MDR-TB treatment in the country of Georgia between 2009–2011 was followed during second-line TB therapy. Cox proportional models were used to estimate the adjusted hazard rate of sputum culture conversion. Log-binomial regression models were used to estimate the cumulative risk of poor TB treatment outcome. Results Among 1,366 patients with sputum culture conversion information, 966 (70.7%) had culture conversion and the median time to conversion was 68 days (interquartile range 50–120). The rate of conversion was similar among patients with MDR-TB and DM (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.95, 95%CI 0.71–1.28) compared to patients with MDR-TB only. The rate of culture conversion was significantly less in patients that currently smoked (aHR 0.82, 95%CI 0.71–0.95), had low body mass index (aHR 0.71, 95%CI 0.59–0.84), second-line resistance (aHR 0.56, 95%CI 0.43–0.73), lung cavities (aHR 0.70, 95%CI 0.59–0.83) and with disseminated TB (aHR 0.75, 95%CI 0.62–0.90). The cumulative risk of poor treatment outcome was also similar among TB patients with and without DM (adjusted risk ratio [aRR] 1.03, 95%CI 0.93–1.14). Conclusions In adjusted analyses, DM did not impact culture conversion rates in a clinically meaningful way but smoking did. PMID:24736471

  9. Mitochondria hyperfusion and elevated autophagic activity are key mechanisms for cellular bioenergetic preservation in centenarians.

    PubMed

    Sgarbi, Gianluca; Matarrese, Paola; Pinti, Marcello; Lanzarini, Catia; Ascione, Barbara; Gibellini, Lara; Dika, Emi; Patrizi, Annalisa; Tommasino, Chiara; Capri, Miriam; Cossarizza, Andrea; Baracca, Alessandra; Lenaz, Giorgio; Solaini, Giancarlo; Franceschi, Claudio; Malorni, Walter; Salvioli, Stefano

    2014-04-01

    Mitochondria have been considered for long time as important determinants of cell aging because of their role in the production of reactive oxygen species. In this study we investigated the impact of mitochondrial metabolism and biology as determinants of successful aging in primary cultures of fibroblasts isolated from the skin of long living individuals (LLI) (about 100 years old) compared with those from young (about 27 years old) and old (about 75 years old) subjects. We observed that fibroblasts from LLI displayed significantly lower complex I-driven ATP synthesis and higher production of H2O2 in comparison with old subjects. Despite these changes, bioenergetics of these cells appeared to operate normally. This lack of functional consequences was likely due to a compensatory phenomenon at the level of mitochondria, which displayed a maintained supercomplexes organization and an increased mass. This appears to be due to a decreased mitophagy, induced by hyperfused, elongated mitochondria. The overall data indicate that longevity is characterized by a preserved bioenergetic function likely attained by a successful mitochondria remodeling that can compensate for functional defects through an increase in mass, i.e. a sort of mitochondrial "hypertrophy". PMID:24799450

  10. Mitochondria hyperfusion and elevated autophagic activity are key mechanisms for cellular bioenergetic preservation in centenarians

    PubMed Central

    Pinti, Marcello; Lanzarini, Catia; Ascione, Barbara; Gibellini, Lara; Dika, Emi; Patrizi, Annalisa; Tommasino, Chiara; Capri, Miriam; Cossarizza, Andrea; Baracca, Alessandra; Lenaz, Giorgio; Solaini, Giancarlo; Franceschi, Claudio; Malorni, Walter; Salvioli, Stefano

    2014-01-01

    Mitochondria have been considered for long time as important determinants of cell aging because of their role in the production of reactive oxygen species. In this study we investigated the impact of mitochondrial metabolism and biology as determinants of successful aging in primary cultures of fibroblasts isolated from the skin of long living individuals (LLI) (about 100 years old) compared with those from young (about 27 years old) and old (about 75 years old) subjects. We observed that fibroblasts from LLI displayed significantly lower complex I-driven ATP synthesis and higher production of H2O2 in comparison with old subjects. Despite these changes, bioenergetics of these cells appeared to operate normally. This lack of functional consequences was likely due to a compensatory phenomenon at the level of mitochondria, which displayed a maintained supercomplexes organization and an increased mass. This appears to be due to a decreased mitophagy, induced by hyperfused, elongated mitochondria. The overall data indicate that longevity is characterized by a preserved bioenergetic function likely attained by a successful mitochondria remodeling that can compensate for functional defects through an increase in mass, i.e. a sort of mitochondrial “hypertrophy”. PMID:24799450

  11. University of Georgia Social Media Guidelines Draft 10/12/12 wfj University of Georgia

    E-print Network

    Hall, Daniel

    University of Georgia Social Media Guidelines Draft 10/12/12 wfj 1 University of Georgia Social Media Guidelines INTRODUCTION The UGA Office of Public Affairs, in consultation with the Social Media Advisory Committee, a group of unit communicators responsible for social media in their respective areas

  12. Seismic Hazard Assessment of Middle East Region: Based on the Example to Georgia (Preliminary results)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsereteli, N. S.; Akkar, S.; Askan, A.; Varazanashvili, O.; Adamia, S.; Chkhitunidze, M.

    2012-12-01

    The country of Georgia is located between Russia and Turkey. The main morphological units of Georgia are the mountain ranges of the Greater and Lesser Caucasus separated by the Black Sea-Rioni and Kura (Mtkvari)-South Caspian intermountain troughs. Recent geodynamics of Georgia and adjacent territories of the Black Sea-Caspian Sea region, as a whole, are determined by its position between the still-converging Eurasian and Africa-Arabian plates. That caused moderate seismicity in the region. However, the risk resulting from these earthquakes is considerably high, as recent events during the last two decades have shown. Seismic hazard and risk assessment is a major research topic in various recent international and national projects. Despite the current efforts, estimation of regional seismic hazard assessment remains as a major problem. Georgia is one of the partners of ongoing regional project EMME (Earthquake Model for Middle East region). The main objective of EMME is calculation of Earthquake hazard uniformly with heights standards. One approach used in the project is the probabilistic seismic hazard assessment PSHA. In this study, we present the preliminary results of PSHA for Georgia in this project attempting to improve gaps especially in such steps as: determination of seismic sources; selection or derivation of ground motion prediction equations models; estimation of maximum magnitude Mmax. Seismic sources (SS) were obtained on the bases of structural geology, parameters of seismicity and seismotectonics. Finely new SS have been developed for Georgia and adjacent region. Each zone was defined with the following parameters: the magnitude-frequency parameters, maximum magnitude, and depth distribution as well as modern dynamical characteristics widely used for complex processes. As the ground motion dataset is absolutely insufficient by itself to derive a ground motion prediction model for Georgia, two approaches were taken in defining ground motions. First the modern procedure for selecting and ranking candidate ground-motion prediction equations (GMPEs) were done (Scherbaum et al. 2004, 2009; Cotton et al. 2006, Kale and Akkar, 2012) under a given ground motion dataset. Second the hybrid-empirical method proposed by Campbell (2003) was used. In the host-to-target simulations, Turkey and Iran was used as the host regions and Georgia as the target region. GMPEs for the Racha and Javakhety regions in Georgia are derived by scaling the pre-determined GMPEs based on the computed scaling coefficients. Finally PSH maps were calculated showing peak ground acceleration and spectral accelerations at 0, 0.2, 1, 2, 4 sec for Georgia.

  13. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Tronox Facility in Savannah, Georgia. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    SciTech Connect

    Kiatreungwattana, K.; Geiger, J.; Healey, V.; Mosey, G.

    2013-03-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Tronox Facility site in Savannah, Georgia, for a feasibility study of renewable energy production. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) provided technical assistance for this project. The purpose of this report is to assess the site for a possible photovoltaic (PV) system installation and estimate the cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options. In addition, the report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of a PV system at the site.

  14. University of Georgia SERVICE ANIMAL AND HANDLER REGISTRATION

    E-print Network

    Scott, Robert A.

    University of Georgia SERVICE ANIMAL AND HANDLER REGISTRATION "Handlers" are those people: _______________________________________________________________________________________ Description of Service Animal: Breed: ________________ Color: _________________ Size______________ Coat of the Policy Regarding Service Animal Access to University of Georgia Facilities, Programs, Services

  15. Coaching Infrastructure Network Building Grant Support Georgia VentureLab

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Coaching · Infrastructure · Network Building · Grant Support Georgia VentureLab Service The Georgia campus. The GBBC provides VentureLab companies access to critical infrastructure, in- cluding office

  16. Energy Savings Performance Contract- Robins Air Force Base, Georgia

    E-print Network

    Edge, J. S.

    ENERGY SAVINGS PERFORMANCE CONTRACT ROBINS AIR FORCE BASE, GEORGIA Jesse Scott Edge Base Energy Manager United States Air Force Robins AFB, Georgia ABSTRACT Due to budgetary constraints and lack of funding for energy savings initiatives...

  17. Teachers' Attitudes toward Assessment of Student Learning and Teacher Assessment Practices in General Educational Institutions: The Case of Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitiashvili, Anastasia

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to study teachers' attitudes toward assessment of students' learning and their assessment practices in Georgia's general educational institutions. Georgia is a country in the South Caucasus with a population of 4.5 million people, with 2300 general educational institutions and about 559,400 students. The…

  18. GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GGGRRRAAADDDUUUAAATTTEEE TTTHHHEEESSSIIISSS///DDDIIISSSSSSEEERRRTTTAAATTTIIIOOONNN

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GGGRRRAAADDDUUUAAATTTEEE TTTHHHEEESSSIIISSS.................................................................................... 1 PART I: THINGS YOU HAVE TO DO TO GRADUATE .......................................... 2 CHAPTER 2

  19. Standards for Georgia Public Schools, 1983 (Current and Proposed).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Planning and Evaluation.

    This compilation of Georgia standards for public education targets two types of standards: those required of a school or local school system and those for field-test purposes (for possible future standards). Standards are stated briefly and accompanied by interpretations and references to Georgia law or Georgia Board of Education policy. Space is…

  20. Stream and River Monitoring in Georgia March 9, 2007

    E-print Network

    Rosemond, Amy Daum

    Stream and River Monitoring in Georgia March 9, 2007 Kate Dunbar Upper Altamaha Practicum Over 70 and rivers will fulfill several important objectives. Flow monitoring helps predict and prevent flooding of these waters are being monitored. The Georgia Conservancy states that about 16% of Georgia's streams and rivers

  1. Georgia Basin-Puget Sound Airshed Characterization Report 2014

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Georgia Basin - Puget Sound Airshed Characterization Report, 2012 was undertaken to characterize the air quality within the Georgia Basin/Puget Sound region,a vibrant, rapidly growing, urbanized area of the Pacific Northwest. The Georgia Basin - Puget Sound Airshed Characteri...

  2. School of Chemistry and Biochemistry Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Sherrill, David

    Analytical Physical Advanced Labs Analytical Biochemistry Inorganic Organic 4. Indicate the two chemistrySchool of Chemistry and Biochemistry Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0400 A Unit of the University System of Georgia TO: B.S. in Chemistry/B.S. in Biochemistry Degree Candidates

  3. Black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) colonization of pig carrion in south Georgia.

    PubMed

    Tomberlin, Jeffery K; Sheppard, D Craig; Joyce, John A

    2005-01-01

    The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.), is thought to colonize corpses 20-30 days postmortem. However, recent observations indicate this might not be true for all cases. Therefore, we conducted a study examining colonization by the black soldier fly and other Diptera on pig carrion in a plowed field in southern Georgia from 20 September through 21 February. Our data indicate black soldier flies could colonize a corpse within the first week after death. Knowing this information could prevent a serious mistake in estimating the time at which a corpse is colonized by this species. This study also represents the first record of Chrysomya rufifacies in Georgia. PMID:15831010

  4. The use of ambient air quality modeling to estimate individual and population exposure for human health research: a case study of ozone in the Northern Georgia Region of the United States.

    PubMed

    Bell, Michelle L

    2006-07-01

    Ambient monitors are commonly used to estimate exposure for epidemiological studies, and air quality modeling is infrequently applied. However air quality modeling systems have the potential to alleviate some, although not all, of the limitations of monitoring networks. To investigate this application, exposure estimates were generated for a case study high ozone episode in the Northern Georgia Region of the United States based on measurements and concentration estimates from an air quality modeling system. Hourly estimates for 2268 4-km by 4-km gridcells were generated in a domain that includes only eight ozone monitors. Individual and population-based ozone exposures were estimated using multiple approaches, including area-weighted average of modeled estimates, nearest monitor, and spatial interpolation by inverse distance weighting and kriging. Results based on concentration fields from the air quality modeling system revealed spatial heterogeneity that was obscured by approaches based on the monitoring network. With some techniques, such as spatial interpolation, monitoring data alone was insufficient to estimate exposure for certain areas, especially for rural populations. For locations far from ozone monitors, the estimates from the nearest monitor approach tended to overestimate exposure, compared to modeled estimates. Counties in which one or more monitors were present had statistically higher population density and modeled ozone estimates than did counties without monitors (p-value <0.05). This work demonstrates the use of air quality modeling to generate higher spatial and temporal resolution exposure estimates, and compares the advantages of this approach to traditional methods that use monitoring data alone. The air quality modeling method faces its own limitations, such as the need to thoroughly evaluate concentration estimates and the use of ambient levels rather than personal exposure. PMID:16516968

  5. Status of the AMS facility at the University of Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cherkinsky, Alexander; Culp, Randy A.; Dvoracek, Doug K.; Noakes, John E.

    2010-04-01

    Since 2001, the Center for Applied Isotope Studies at the University of Georgia has analyzed more than 10,000 samples using a compact AMS system for carbon isotope measurement. The system, manufactured by National Electrostatics Corporation, utilizes a Model 1.5SDH-1 Pelletron accelerator with a maximum terminal voltage of 0.5 MV. The source has recently been modified, doubling the count rate and improving efficiency more than 50%. Background values have reached 0.12 pMC and the precision is below 0.4 pMC for modern samples. The control and data acquisition system has also been upgraded.

  6. Intergovernmental Collaboration in Emergency Management: The Case of the September 2009 Georgia Flood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mamadou M. Samba

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore the various aspects of intergovernmental collaboration in emergency management at the local, state, and federal level. It provides a descriptive analysis of how these mechanisms interact with each other for effective emergency management. Most importantly, this study provides a unique insight on how Georgia prepared for, mitigated against, responded to, and recovered

  7. IEEE Energy2030 Atlanta, Georgia, USA

    E-print Network

    Ratnasamy, Sylvia

    (IPS), and can consist of loads, energy sources, and energy storage. The desired result of the proposed of renewable sources in the future. Furthermore, the distribution system is designed for one-way power flowIEEE Energy2030 Atlanta, Georgia, USA 17-18 November 2008 An Architecture for Local Energy

  8. STARTING A NEW FOOD BUSINESS IN GEORGIA

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    information on producing safe and wholesome food products. Attendees also will have the opportunity get Conference Center 15 RDC Road, Tifton, GA 31793 L Should I produce my product myself or have a co-packer do Preservation, and representatives from the Georgia Department of Agriculture and FDA will address topics

  9. Soft Body Locomotion Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Turk, Greg

    Soft Body Locomotion Jie Tan Greg Turk Georgia Institute of Technology C. Karen Liu Abstract We present a physically-based system to simulate and control the locomotion of soft body characters without a character with muscle fibers to allow it to ac- tively control its shape. To perform locomotion, we use

  10. Georgia Kids Count Factbook, 2000-2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dopkins, Laurie B.; Carter, John; Beavers, Barbara

    This Kids Count factbook examines statewide and county trends in the well-being of Georgia's children. The statistical portrait is based on indicators in five domains: family and community, economic well-being, health, education, and safety and security. The 21 indicators of well-being are: (1) child population; (2) public school enrollment; (3)…

  11. Manufacturing Education Program Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Das, Suman

    1 Manufacturing Education Program Georgia Institute of Technology Petition for a Manufacturing: ______________________ Major: _______ Check the manufacturing certificate courses taken below and indicate the grade earned in each course completed. Manufacturing Seminar Series: ____ ME/ISyE/ECE 6792 Manufacturing Seminar Series

  12. Long Range Program for Georgia Public Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia State Dept of Education, Atlanta. Div. of Public Library Services.

    The development of each area of Georgia's long range plan required the identification of present and projected needs, the definition of objectives and action plans to meet those needs, establishment of periodic evaluation procedures, dissemination of information, coordination with all types of libraries and their programs, allocations of funds for…

  13. Georgia Vocational Student Assessment Project. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States, Atlanta, GA.

    A project was conducted to develop vocational education tests for use in Georgia secondary schools, specifically for welding, machine shop, and sheet metal courses. The project team developed an outline of an assessment model that included the following components: (1) select a program for use in developing test items; (2) verify duties, tasks,…

  14. Bright Fireball Over Georgia - Duration: 7 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    A camera in Cartersville, Ga., captured this view of a bright fireball over Georgia on the night of Mar. 7, 2012, at approx. 10:19:11 EST. The meteor was first recorded at an altitude of 51.5 miles...

  15. TO KNOWLEDGE Georgia Institute of Technology's

    E-print Network

    inflation and military dictatorships; and India has become a leader in business process outsourcing. EMIL & Systems Engineering at Georgia Tech, the Executive Master's in International Logistics & Supply Chain detailed information. #12;3 18Months 5Residences 4Continents 1Global Supply Chain Project #12;4 When we

  16. GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL RECORD

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Laurence J.

    or Print each section] EMPLOYEE NAME: EMPLOYEE ID#: (six-digit employee number) JOB TITLE: UNIT: REVIEWED BY: DATE OF REVIEW: REVIEW PERIOD: FROM: TO: Assign a rating for each goal/performance indicator not be considered when reviewing attendance. #12;GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL RECORD Page 3

  17. Can Georgia growers replace methyl bromide

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The price and availability of methyl bromide is limiting its use on Georgia farms; the need for an alternative is essential for sustainable vegetable production in GA. Three alternatives were evaluated in on-farm trials in the spring 2007 in Tift, Colquitt and Echols Counties. Treatments were replic...

  18. African Swine Fever Virus Isolate, Georgia, 2007

    PubMed Central

    Rowlands, Rebecca J.; Michaud, Vincent; Heath, Livio; Hutchings, Geoff; Oura, Chris; Vosloo, Wilna; Dwarka, Rahana; Onashvili, Tinatin; Albina, Emmanuel

    2008-01-01

    African swine fever (ASF) is widespread in Africa but is rarely introduced to other continents. In June 2007, ASF was confirmed in the Caucasus region of Georgia, and it has since spread to neighboring countries. DNA fragments amplified from the genome of the isolates from domestic pigs in Georgia in 2007 were sequenced and compared with other ASF virus (ASFV) isolates to establish the genotype of the virus. Sequences were obtained from 4 genome regions, including part of the gene B646L that encodes the p72 capsid protein, the complete E183L and CP204L genes, which encode the p54 and p30 proteins and the variable region of the B602L gene. Analysis of these sequences indicated that the Georgia 2007 isolate is closely related to isolates belonging to genotype II, which is circulating in Mozambique, Madagascar, and Zambia. One possibility for the spread of disease to Georgia is that pigs were fed ASFV-contaminated pork brought in on ships and, subsequently, the disease was disseminated throughout the region. PMID:19046509

  19. Georgia Tech Profiling Overconsolidation Ratio in

    E-print Network

    Mayne, Paul W.

    index . 1 ­ Cs/Cc IR = G/su = Undrained Rigidity Index G = shear modulus su = undrained shear strength = shear strain= shear strain maxmax = s= suu = c= cuu = undrained shear strength= undrained shear strength vovot I qM OCR #12;Georgia Tech Determine Undrained Rigidity Index = shear stress= shear stress ss

  20. The Coastal Georgia Center 305 Fahm Street

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    , History Miami and SCAD's Graduate Literary Journal. MATH PREP FOR THE SAT INSTRUCTOR: Catherine Dickey has for the Georgia Presidential Award for excellence in Mathematics and Science instruction. MATH PREP FOR THE SAT for relieving test anxiety. PREPARE FOR THE NOVEMBER 8 SAT EXAM! Dates: Tuesdays, 9/30/2014 through 11

  1. Factors Contributing to Teacher Retention in Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Locklear, Tina M.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed method, survey-based inquiry was to determine how Georgia public high school faculty members perceive various pressures and experiences associated with a career in education. These perceptions were then analyzed as possible indicators of teacher attrition in order to improve retention rates. The independent demographic…

  2. COLLEGE OF EDUCATION GEORGIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    BY-LAWS COLLEGE OF EDUCATION GEORGIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY Approved: April 2003 Amended: August 2007 Changes 19 #12;COE BY-LAWS Page 3 BY-LAWS OF THE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Article I ORGANIZATION Section 1 of all departments, divisions, colleges and administrative offices of the University; (b) provides

  3. Geology Fieldnotes: Cumberland Island National Seashore, Georgia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This National Park Service (NPS) highlights the geology of Cumberland Island National Seashore in Georgia. This area is a mosiac of ecosystems: beach, maritime forests, and saltwater marshes. The site discusses these ecosystems and the flora and fauna that inhabit them, and includes links to maps, visitor information, and additional resources.

  4. School-Based Businesses in Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gatewood, Elizabeth J.; DeLargy, Paul F.

    A school-based business program in Georgia is attempting to broaden the education of high school students by making them more aware of the role of small business in the United States economy and the economic possibilities offered by entrepreneurship. Goals of school-based businesses are to create profit-making enterprises that meet unfilled needs…

  5. Georgia Turns to the West for Ideas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nemtsova, Anna

    2008-01-01

    Georgia, along with a number of other former Soviet countries, is rapidly reforming its higher-education system. Russian is being replaced by English in classrooms and textbooks. Western-trained professors are flooding campuses with new methods of teaching and liberal-arts courses are replacing vocational training. This change is part of broader…

  6. The University of Georgia Warnell School of

    E-print Network

    Teskey, Robert O.

    competitiveness, finding solutions to social, economic and environmental problems, forest productivity The University of Georgia Warnell School of Forest Resources #12;Warnell School of Forest Resources · 5 Year Plan 2005-2010 1 FIVE YEAR PROGRAM PLAN 2005--2010 DANIEL B. WARNELL SCHOOL OF FOREST

  7. The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service

    E-print Network

    Navara, Kristen

    Sciences / Athens, Georgia 30602-4356 JULY 2004 BACKYARD FLOCK TIP . . . BUILDING AN INCUBATOR An excellent idea for a science project is to build an inexpensive incubator. The incubator may be used for hatching of an incubator from cardboard boxes. This information was obtained from the Illinois Cooperative Extension

  8. Biological Safety at the University of Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowe, Daryl E.

    1983-01-01

    The University of Georgia (UGA) biosafety program was initiated in response to requirements for recombinant DNA experiments rather than laboratory-acquired infections. This and other environmental safety programs at UGA are described, considering three of the four recognized levels of biocontainment. A fire extinguisher inspection computer program…

  9. Making Things Happen: Industrialization in Carrollton, Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanton, Bill

    1980-01-01

    The consistent economic growth of the Georgia community is the result of careful planning over a long period. Successful community development efforts have resulted in a new regional library, an airport, a vocational technical school, an industrial park, and increased industrialization. (SB)

  10. 2014 GRADUATE STUDIES CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yuhang

    and Management funded by the National Science Foundation, Construction Industry Institute, Georgia Department2014 GRADUATE STUDIES CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH AREAS SELECTED COURSES FACILITIES The Construction Engineering program at the Georgia Institute of Technology focuses on methods of building civil

  11. The influence of non-governmental organizations on public policy: a case study on childhood lead poisoning prevention in Savannah, Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    LaToria Whitehead

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between the federal government, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and the effectiveness of this partnership when addressing environmental justice (EJ) issues for vulnerable populations. The principal objectives of the study were: (1) examining the techniques an NGO utilizes to influence public policy from the bottom-up; (2) examining the techniques an NGO utilizes to educate, bring awareness, and

  12. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (77th, Atlanta, Georgia, August 10-13, 1994). Part X: Miscellaneous Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The Miscellaneous Studies section of this collection of conference presentations contains the following 22 papers: "Men and Women Journalists in the Movies: Exploration of Some Sexism and Gender Issues in Their Portrayals in Eleven Films" (Albert D. Talbott); "Female Archetypes in Late '80s Films" (Fakhri Haghani); "Chain Ownership, Organizational…

  13. 1. Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Medical School, Emory University

    E-print Network

    Weber, Rodney

    1. Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Medical SchoolMRI of Acupuncture Induced Brain Activity #12;The traditional Chinese medicine suggested that energy travels through, studies have shown that there are pain related opiates receptors in brain. Candace Pert discovered

  14. Stink bugs(Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) and their natural enemies in alfalfa in South Georgia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The objective of this study was to determine species composition and abundance of stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) and their natural enemies in alfalfa, Medicago sativa L., in Georgia. Six species of phytophagous stink bugs, Nezara viridula (L.), Euschistus servus (Say), Thyanta custator custa...

  15. Georgia Elementary Law-Related Education Curriculum Supplements: Lessons for Kindergarten through Third Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoge, John D., Ed.; Blum, Ann, Ed.

    The lessons in this volume, written by experienced Georgia teachers with backgrounds in law-related education, were designed for teachers new to this area of the social studies curriculum. The lessons, which are organized by grade level, include the following information: author, time required, concepts/vocabulary, main ideas, instructional…

  16. Military vehicle trafficking impacts vegetation and soil bulk density at Fort Benning, Georgia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Potential increases in wind erosion that might be brought about by military vehicles travelling off-road during training are of concern to the United States military. Field studies were conducted in the summer of 2012 at Fort Benning, Georgia. The objective of the experiment was to assess the traffi...

  17. ROLE OF IRON-RICH GEORGIA SOILS IN CONTROLLING NITRATE CONTAMINATION OF GROUND WATER

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Nitrate contamination of groundwater is widespread in the USA, and is often associated with nutrient losses from grazing and row-crop agriculture. Studies in Georgia find, however, generally lower levels of nitrate in groundwater than in many other parts of the country. The mechanism controlling th...

  18. Light Pollution in Lowndes County, Georgia: An Observational Project for Introductory Astronomy Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. S. Rumstay

    2000-01-01

    A long-term study of light pollution in Lowndes County, Georgia has been initiated as a collaborative project among students enrolled in introductory astronomy courses at Valdosta State University. A single honors student began the project in Spring 2000; during the Fall 2000 semester all students enrolled in ASTR 1020K (Stellar and Galactic Astronomy) were invited to participate on a voluntary

  19. Georgia's Grow-Your-Own Teacher Programs Attract the Right Stuff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Peter B.

    2011-01-01

    There is a shortage of educators and there are various factors that account for the lack of teachers. Millions of new teachers will be needed in the near future and the present study juxtaposes the vocational personality profiles of adolescents (N = 262) participating in Future Educators of America programs in Georgia to in-service teachers'…

  20. Asking What Is Possible: The Georgia Tech Approach to Game Research and Education

    E-print Network

    Mateas, Michael

    Production and Game Studies. The first is oriented toward feeding the industry; it values an understanding units. Unlike many other places, however, Georgia Tech has a group of practitioner/theorists of digital media all in a single academic unit: the School of Literature, Communication, and Culture (LCC), which

  1. HIGH-RESIDUE CONSERVATION SYSTEM FOR CORN AND COTTON IN GEORGIA

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Two limiting factors to crop yields in Georgia are short-term drought and root-restricting hard pans. The objectives of this study were to develop a practical high-residue conservation tillage system that reduces risk of short-term drought and improves soil quality for corn (Zea mays L.) and cotton...

  2. Food Habits and Feeding Electivity of the Turquoise Darter, Etheostoma inscriptum, in a Georgia Piedmont Stream

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steve Baker

    2002-01-01

    The food habits and feeding electivity of the turquoise darter, were studied in Bear Creek, a tributary of the Alcovy River in Newton County, Georgia. Twenty darters were collected in late spring and fall, and their stomach contents were examined. Chironomid larvae were the most important food item and were present in stomachs from all darters examined. Highest feeding electivity

  3. Advanced Telecommunications and Computer Technologies in Georgia Public Elementary School Library Media Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Jackie L.

    The purpose of this study was to determine what recent progress had been made in Georgia public elementary school library media centers regarding access to advanced telecommunications and computer technologies as a result of special funding. A questionnaire addressed the following areas: automation and networking of the school library media center…

  4. The decline of mink in Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina: The role of contaminants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. L. Osowski; L. W. Brewer; O. E. Baker; G. P. Cobb

    1995-01-01

    Since the 1960s, mink (Mustela vison) populations in Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina have declined, especially in the coastal plain. A prior study suggested that the decline may stem from environmental contaminants. Based on water quality data from each state, we identified 17 substances potentially related to the decline: aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, DDD, DDE, DDT, PCBs, chlordane, alpha-BHC, toxaphene,

  5. Military vehicle trafficking impacts on vegetation and soil bulk density at Fort Benning, Georgia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Potential increases in wind erosion that might be brought about by military vehicles travelling on off-road sites during training are of concern to the Military establishment. Field studies were conducted in the summer of 2012 at Fort Benning, Georgia. The objective of the experiment was to assess t...

  6. Changes in Faculty Reading Behaviors: The Impact of Electronic Journals on the University of Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Erin T.

    2003-01-01

    Describes a study that explored the role electronic journals currently play in faculty's weekly scholarly reading habits at the University of Georgia. Discusses faculty choices for locating full-text articles and reports survey results that indicated that electronic access to journals, particularly library-funded access, is integral to research…

  7. Correlation between Academy of READING and Georgia End of Course Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brazelton, Barry Wayne

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between students' scores on Academy of READING (AOR) and their performance on the Georgia End of Course Test (GEOCT) for Ninth Grade Literature and Composition. The participants were ninth grade students enrolled in Ninth Grade Literature and Composition during the 2009-2010 school year…

  8. Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Colonization of Pig Carrion in South Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffery K. Tomberlin; D. Craig Sheppard; John A. Joyce

    2005-01-01

    The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.), is thought to colonize corpses 20-30 days postmortem. However, recent observations indicate this might not be true for all cases. Therefore, we conducted a study examining colonization by the black soldier fly and other Diptera on pig carrion in a plowed field in southern Georgia from 20 September through 21 February. Our data

  9. INTERNET ACCESS AND USAGE PATTERNS OF COLLEGE-BOUND HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SOUTHEAST GEORGIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Sonny Butler; Susan Rebstock Williams

    2004-01-01

    Potential differences in Internet access and usage among high school students underscores the fact that while Internet access and computer ownership are rising rapidly for many groups, at present a digital divide remains. The authors designed a study to examine the Internet usage and access patterns of college-bound high school students in southeast Georgia. An analysis of the data collected

  10. Three Georgias in Atlanta: Lessons from Business Schools about Finding Your Identity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolverton, Mimi

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to look into how universities identify themselves and the audiences they choose to serve, taking into account three specific universities in Atlanta, Georgia. Design/methodology/approach: The paper gives brief overviews of the literature on differentiation and sustainability and the study, followed by…

  11. A Gender Analysis of Job Satisfaction Levels of Agricultural Education Teachers in Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilman, Donald; Peake, Jason B.; Parr, Brian

    2012-01-01

    The over-arching premise of many concerning issues in secondary agricultural education may be directly related to levels of job satisfaction among teachers (Delnero & Weeks, 2000). The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influenced the perceptions of job satisfaction/dissatisfaction among agricultural educators in Georgia. The…

  12. Georgia Secondary School Resource Allocation Practices: Correlation to Achievement and Socioeconomic Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Brandy T.

    2012-01-01

    The state of Georgia has a constitutional obligation to provide an adequate and free public education, financed by taxation, for the citizens of the state. Increased accountability measures, continuing projected budget shortfalls, and public resistance to raising property taxes are current challenges for public schools. This study attempted to…

  13. 78 FR 32135 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Atlanta, Georgia 1997 8-Hour Ozone...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ...Plans; Atlanta, Georgia 1997 8-Hour Ozone Nonattainment Area; Reasonable Further...for the Atlanta, Georgia 1997 8-hour ozone national ambient air quality standards...area. The Atlanta, Georgia 1997 8-hour ozone nonattainment area (hereafter...

  14. 40 CFR 81.113 - Savannah (Georgia)-Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air Quality Control Region.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Savannah (Georgia)-Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air Quality Control...Savannah (Georgia)-Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air Quality Control...Savannah (Georgia)-Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air...

  15. 40 CFR 81.113 - Savannah (Georgia)-Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air Quality Control Region.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Savannah (Georgia)-Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air Quality Control...Savannah (Georgia)-Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air Quality Control...Savannah (Georgia)-Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air...

  16. EXPEDITION TO REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA TO COLLECT TEMPERATE FRUIT, NUT AND WOODY LANDSCAPE GERMPLASM

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Joseph Postman (USDA/ARS National Germplasm Repository, Corvallis, Oregon), Paul Meyer (Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), Marina Mosulishvili (Institute of Botany, Tbilisi, Georgia) and Giorgi Arabuli (State Museum of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia) particip...

  17. Ticks parasitizing dogs in northwestern Georgia.

    PubMed

    Goldberg, M; Recha, Y; Durden, L A

    2002-01-01

    From January 1998 through September 1999, 324 dogs in three northwestern Georgia counties were examined for ticks. Six species of ticks were recovered. The three most commonly collected ticks were the American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say) (310 male male, 352 female female; prevalence, 97%; mean intensity 2.1); the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) (118 male male, 119 female female, 38 nymphs; prevalence, 22%; mean intensity, 3.8); and the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.) (8 male male 26 female female, 2 nymphs; prevalence, 5%; mean intensity, 2.4). Other ticks recovered were Ixodes cookei Packard (3 female female); the Gulf Coast tick, Amblyomma maculatum Koch (2 female female); and the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say (1 female). Another adult female specimen of I scapularis was recovered from a cat, further reinforcing that this medically important tick is present in northwestern Georgia. PMID:11931241

  18. Heavy metals in some soils of Western Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gambashidze, G. O.; Urushadze, T. F.; Blum, W. E.; Mentler, A. F.

    2014-08-01

    The results of studying the background content of heavy metals in some soils of Western Georgia are considered. The total contents of chromium, copper, manganese, nickel, lead, and zinc were measured in samples from soil pits located in accordance with a 5-km square grid. The results of the laboratory investigations, which were processed using the statistical methods suggested by Salminen and Baitse, were the basis for the calculation of the background characteristics. Both methods are based on the use of medians that do not reflect the influence of anomalous heavy metal concentrations resulting from the anthropogenic impact, which cannot be avoided even when the locations of the soil pits are carefully chosen. The statistical methods used are compared; the advantage of the Salminen method is shown for soils that are not directly exposed to the influence of pollution sources. The background characteristics obtained are compared to the published ones. A conclusion is reached concerning the possible use of the Salminen method for the soils of Georgia.

  19. Perkinsus marinus in coastal Georgia, USA, following a prolonged drought.

    PubMed

    Power, A; McCrickard, B; Mitchell, M; Covington, E; Sweeney-Reeves, M; Payne, K; Walker, R

    2006-12-14

    Oysters Crassostrea virginica are 'keystone' estuarine species in the southeastern USA, providing essential fish habitat, food for human consumption, filtration of water bodies, and protection against shoreline erosion. Relatively few oyster pathology studies have been conducted in Georgia. The parasitic protozoan Perkinsus marinus was first observed here in the 1960s, but has not been investigated since the late 1990s, when increasing oyster infection levels were apparent. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the region suffered a prolonged drought, resulting in elevated salinities and the proliferation of various diseases in the marine environment. By 2003, salinities had returned to normal levels, but the effect of the drought on oysters was unknown. In June 2003, oyster reefs throughout Chatham County were sampled to evaluate the prevalence and intensity of P. marinus. The disease appears to have remained prevalent in the coastal waters of Georgia (100% prevalence at some sites), but the intensity was low, ranging from 0 to 1.83 on a scale where heavy infections rated a score of 5. While the disease did not occur at levels high enough to cause oyster mortalities, further monitoring, particularly on a temporal scale, is warranted. PMID:17260834

  20. Air Quality and Road Emission Results for Fort Stewart, Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Kirkham, Randy R.; Driver, Crystal J.; Chamness, Mickie A.; Barfuss, Brad C.

    2004-02-02

    The Directorate of Public Works Environmental & Natural Resources Division (Fort Stewart /Hunter Army Airfield) contracted with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to monitor particulate matter (PM) concentrations on Fort Stewart, Georgia. The purpose of this investigation was to establish a PM sampling network using monitoring equipment typically used in U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ''saturation sampling'', to determine air quality on the installation. In this initial study, the emphasis was on training-generated PM, not receptor PM loading. The majority of PM samples were 24-hr filter-based samples with sampling frequency ranging from every other day, to once every six days synchronized with the EPA 6th day national sampling schedule. Eight measurement sites were established and used to determine spatial variability in PM concentrations and evaluate whether fluctuations in PM appear to result from training activities and forest management practices on the installation. Data collected to date indicate the average installation PM2.5 concentration is lower than that of nearby urban Savannah, Georgia. At three sites near the installation perimeter, analyses to segregate PM concentrations by direction of air flow across the installation boundary indicate that air (below 80 ft) leaving the installation contains less PM2.5 than that entering the installation. This is reinforced by the observation that air near the ground is cleaner on average than the air at the top of the canopy.

  1. Projecting Future Urbanization with Prescott College's Spatial Growth Model to Promote Environmental Sustainability and Smart Growth, A Case Study in Atlanta, Georgia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Estes, Maurice G., Jr.; Crosson, William; Limaye, Ashutosh; Johnson, Hoyt; Quattrochi, Dale; Lapenta, William; Khan, Maudood

    2006-01-01

    Planning is an integral element of good management and necessary to anticipate events not merely respond to them. Projecting the quantity and spatial distribution of urban growth is essential to effectively plan for the delivery of city services and to evaluate potential environmental impacts. The major drivers of growth in large urban areas are increasing population, employment opportunities, and quality of life attractors such as a favorable climate and recreation opportunities. The spatial distribution of urban growth is dictated by the amount and location of developable land, topography, energy and water resources, transportation network, climate change, and the existing land use configuration. The Atlanta region is growing very rapidly both in population and the consumption of forestland or low-density residential development. Air pollution and water availability are significant ongoing environmental issues. The Prescott Spatial Growth Model (SGM) was used to make growth projections for the metropolitan Atlanta region to 2010,2020 and 2030 and results used for environmental assessment in both business as usual and smart growth scenarios. The Prescott SGM is a tool that uses an ESRI ArcView extension and can be applied at the parcel level or more coarse spatial scales and can accommodate a wide range of user inputs to develop any number of growth rules each of which can be weighted depending on growth assumptions. These projections were used in conjunction with meteorological and air quality models to evaluate future environmental impacts. This presentation will focus on the application of the SGM to the 13-County Atlanta Regional Commission planning jurisdiction as a case study. The SGM will be described, including how rule sets are developed and the decision process for allocation of future development to available land use categories. Data inputs required to effectively run the model will be discussed. Spatial growth projections for ten, twenty, and thirty year planning horizons will be presented and results discussed, including regional climate and air quality impacts.

  2. Ground-water conditions in Georgia, 1993

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Joiner, C.N.; Cressler, A.M.

    1994-01-01

    Ground-water conditions during 1993 and recent ground-water level and quality trends in Georgia were evaluated using data from precipitation, ground-water, and ground-water quality monitoring networks. Data for 1993 included in this report are from precipitation records from 10 National Weather Service stations, continuous water-level records from 72 wells, and chloride analyses from 13 wells. Annual mean ground-water levels in Georgia in 1993 ranged from about 3.2 feet higher to about 9.6 feet lower than in 1992. Of the 72 wells summarized in this report, 30 wells had annual mean water levels that were higher and 42 wells had annual mean water levels that were lower in 1993 than in 1992. Record-high daily mean water levels were recorded in one well tapping the surficial aquifer, one well tapping the Upper Floridan aquifer, one well tapping the Claiborne aquifer, and one well tapping the crystalline- rock aquifers. These record highs were from about 0.1 to 0.7 feet higher than previous record highs. Record-low daily mean water levels were recorded in one well tapping the surficial aquifer, two wells tapping the Upper Floridan aquifer, four wells tapping the Cretaceous aquifer, one well tapping the Dublin-Midville aquifer system, and one well tapping the crystalline-rock aquifers. These record lows were from about 0.1 foot to 7.2 feet lower than the previous record lows. Chloride concentration in water from the Upper Floridan aquifer in most of coastal Georgia was below drinking water standards established by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and has not changed appreciably with time. However, chloride concentration in water from some wells that tap the Floridan aquifer system in the Brunswick area exceeds the drinking water standards.

  3. Jane Anderson: The Nazi Georgia Peach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wilkes Donald E. Jr

    1995-01-01

    The thrill-packed life of a little-known Georgian, Jane Anderson, proves that truth is stranger than fiction.\\u000aAnderson led an amazing life filled with exciting adventures, daring deeds, breathtaking escapades, and romantic interludes, a life stranger than the dreams of most people. She changed her name several times. She often traveled across the United States, and lived in Georgia, Arizona, Texas,

  4. Project Georgia High School/High Tech

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    Georgia High School/High Tech has been developing a suggested curriculum for use in its programs. The purpose of this instructional material is to provide a basic curriculum format for teachers of High School/High Tech students. The curriculum is designed to implement QCC classroom instruction that encourages career development in technological fields through post-secondary education, paid summer internships, and exposure to experiences in high technology.

  5. Flood-flow characteristics of Nancy Creek at Georgia Highway 400 extension near Atlanta, Georgia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Price, McGlone; Hess, Glen W.

    1987-01-01

    The Highway Division, Georgia Department of Transportation, plans the extension of Georgia Highway 400 from Interstate 285 southward to Interstate 85. As part of this extension, the Highway Division plans construction of a bridge crossing Nancy Creek near Atlanta, Georgia. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Highway Division, determined the flood flow characteristics of Nancy Creek near the bridge crossing. The flood frequency, elevation discharge relation, flood profiles, floodway, and flood flow effects were determined. The maximum backwater effect for the proposed bridge and relocated channel was 0.2 ft for the 100-yr flood. The relocated channel will drastically shorten flow length near the proposed State Highway 400 extension and reduce the 100-yr flood elevation between one and two ft from existing conditions between the proposed site and Windsor Parkway. (Author 's abstract)

  6. Water resources activities, Georgia District, 1986

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Casteel, Carolyn A.; Ballew, Mary D.

    1987-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, through its Water Resources Division , investigates the occurrence, quantity, quality, distribution, and movement of the surface and underground water that composes the Nation 's water resources. Much of the work is a cooperative effort in which planning and financial support are shared by state and local governments and other federal agencies. This report contains a brief description of the water-resources investigations in Georgia in which the Geological Survey participates, and a list of selected references. Water-resources data for the 1985 water year for Georgia consists of records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; stage and contents of lakes and reservoirs; and groundwater levels. These data include discharge records for 108 gaging stations; water quality for 43 continuous stations, 109 periodic stations, and miscellaneous sites; peak stage and discharge only for 130 crest-stage partial-record stations and 44 miscellaneous sites; and water levels of 27 observation wells. Nineteen Georgia District projects are summarized. (Lantz-PTT)

  7. Epidemiology of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Georgia

    PubMed Central

    Babuadze, Giorgi; Alvar, Jorge; Argaw, Daniel; de Koning, Harry P.; Iosava, Merab; Kekelidze, Merab; Tsertsvadze, Nikoloz; Tsereteli, David; Chakhunashvili, Giorgi; Mamatsashvili, Tamar; Beria, Nino; Kalandadze, Irine; Ejov, Mikhail; Imnadze, Paata

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the transmission and prevalence of Leishmania parasite infection of humans in two foci of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) in Georgia, the well known focus in Tbilisi in the East, and in Kutaisi, a new focus in the West of the country. The seroprevalence of canine leishmaniasis was investigated in order to understand the zoonotic transmission. Blood samples of 1575 dogs (stray and pet) and 77 wild canids were tested for VL by Kalazar Detect rK39 rapid diagnostic tests. Three districts were investigated in Tbilisi and one in Kutaisi. The highest proportions of seropositive pet dogs were present in District #2 (28.1%, 82/292) and District #1 (26.9%, 24/89) in Tbilisi, compared to 17.3% (26/150) of pet dogs in Kutaisi. The percentage of seropositive stray dogs was also twice as high in Tbilisi (16.1%, n?=?670) than in Kutaisi (8%, n?=?50); only 2/58 wild animals screened were seropositive (2. 6%). A total of 873 Phlebotomine sand flies were collected, with 5 different species identified in Tbilisi and 3 species in Kutaisi; 2.3% of the females were positive for Leishmania parasites. The Leishmanin Skin Test (LST) was performed on 981 human subjects in VL foci in urban areas in Tbilisi and Kutaisi. A particularly high prevalence of LST positives was observed in Tbilisi District #1 (22.2%, 37.5% and 19.5% for ages 5–9, 15–24 and 25–59, respectively); lower prevalence was observed in Kutaisi (0%, 3.2% and 5.2%, respectively; P<0.05). This study shows that Tbilisi is an active focus for leishmaniasis and that the infection prevalence is very high in dogs and in humans. Although exposure is as yet not as high in Kutaisi, this is a new VL focus. The overall situation in the country is alarming and new control measures are urgently needed. PMID:24603768

  8. Climate change adaptation through urban heat management in Atlanta, Georgia.

    PubMed

    Stone, Brian; Vargo, Jason; Liu, Peng; Hu, Yongtao; Russell, Armistead

    2013-07-16

    This study explores the potential effectiveness of metropolitan land cover change as a climate change adaptation strategy for managing rising temperatures in a large and rapidly warming metropolitan region of the United States. Through the integration of a mesoscale meteorological model with estimated land cover data for the Atlanta, Georgia region in 2010, this study quantifies the influence of extensive land cover change at the periphery of a large metropolitan region on temperature within the city center. The first study to directly model a metropolitan scale heat transfer mechanism, we find both enhanced tree canopy and impervious cover in the suburban zones of the Atlanta region to produce statistically significant cooling and warming effects in the urban core. Based on these findings, we conclude that urban heat island management both within and beyond the central developed core of large cities may provide an effective climate change adaptation strategy for large metropolitan regions. PMID:23734623

  9. CONSERVATION TILLAGE TO MANAGE WATER AND SUPPLEMENTAL IRRIGATION IN GEORGIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. C. Truman; D. L. Rowland

    Crop production in Georgia tends to be water limited due to climatic and soil conditions; and because of the demands for water, producers face increasingly stringent water management r egulations. G eorgia pro ducers are dependent on supplemental irrigation to maintain competitive yields. Most s oils in Georgia are relatively sandy, tend to be drought-prone, are susceptible to compaction and

  10. TTeeaacchheerr''ss GGuuiiddee Copyright2006 Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    TTeeaacchheerr''ss GGuuiiddee Copyright©2006 Georgia Institute of Technology Size and Scale;TTeeaacchheerr''ss GGuuiiddee Copyright©2006 Georgia Institute of Technology Instructions Hand out an equal for this activity include: · Powers of Ten explores the relative size of things from the microscopic to the cosmic

  11. CONSERVATION TILLAGE TO MANAGE WATER AND SUPPLEMENTAL IRRIGATION IN GEORGIA

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Production of most commodities in Georgia tends to be water limiting due to climatic and soil characteristics; and because of urban, industrial, and agricultural demands for water, producers face increasingly stringent water management regulations. Georgia producers are dependent on supplemtal irrig...

  12. Georgia's Health Professions: A Decade of Change, 1985-1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Libby V.; Little, Catherine J.

    This report examines the supply of and demand for health care professionals in the state of Georgia, including information on education, demographics, and workforce changes. Supply data analyzed included licensure and certification records; a survey of Georgia's major health care institutions provided demand data. Additionally, institutions of…

  13. "Creating A More Educated Georgia" www.usg.edu

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    elect to quit smoking/using tobacco products can have the tobacco surcharge removed. The University"Creating A More Educated Georgia" www.usg.edu TOBACCO USERS CESSATION ASSISTANCE Tobacco users who System of Georgia is providing coverage for OTC and Prescription smoking cessation products

  14. The Georgia Psychoeducational Network (GPN) Research Report, 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swan, William W., Ed.; Brown, Carvin L., Ed.

    1989-01-01

    This collection of papers includes five articles on the education of students with emotional and/or behavioral disorders participating in the Georgia Psychoeducational Network Program (GPN). "Training Needs of Fully Certified BD Teachers in the Georgia Psychoeducational Network" (Robert J. Stansberry) found, in a survey of 203 certified teachers…

  15. Environmental radionuclide distribution in Georgia after the Chernobyl accident

    SciTech Connect

    Mosulishvili, L.M.; Shoniya, N.I.; Katamadze, N.M. [Institute of Physics, Tbilisi, Georgia (Russian Federation)] [and others

    1994-01-01

    Atmospheric Chernobyl-released radioactivity, assessed at about 2 x 10{sup 18} Bq, caused global environmental contamination. Contaminated air masses appeared in the Transcaucasian region in early May, 1986. Rains that month promoted intense radionuclide deposition all over Georgia. The contamination level of western Georgia considerably exceeded the contamination level of eastern Georgia. The Black Sea coast of Georgia suffered from the Chernobyl accident as much as did strongly contaminated areas of the Ukraine and Belarus`. Unfortunately, governmental decrees on countermeasures against the consequences of the Chernobyl accident at that time did not even refer to the coast of Georgia. The authors observed the first increase in radioactivity background in rainfall samples collected on May 2, 1986, in Tbilisi. {gamma}-Spectrometric measurements of aerosol filters, vegetation, food stuffs, and other objects, in addition to rainfall, persistently confirmed the occurrence of short-lived radionuclides, including {sup 131}I. At first, this fact seemed unbelievable, because the Chernobyl accident had occurred only 4-5 days earlier and far from Georgia. However, these arguments proved to be faulty. Soon, environmental monitoring of radiation in Georgia became urgent. Environmental radionuclide distribution in Georgia shortly after the Chernobyl accident, as well as the methods of analysis, are reported in this paper.

  16. POLICY REGARDING SERVICE ANIMAL ACCESS TO UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA FACILITIES,

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    ") accompanying dogs being trained to be "service animals," subject to certain identification and other by or the subject of applicable federal law and Georgia law. Service #12;2 Animals do not include animals of anyPOLICY REGARDING SERVICE ANIMAL ACCESS TO UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA FACILITIES, PROGRAMS, SERVICES

  17. 78 FR 45898 - Vidalia Onions Grown in Georgia; Continuance Referendum

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-30

    ...AMS-FV-13-0037; FV13-955-2 CR] Vidalia Onions Grown in Georgia; Continuance Referendum...conducted among eligible producers of Vidalia onions grown in Georgia to determine whether...that regulates the handling of Vidalia onions produced in the production area....

  18. 30 CFR 910.700 - Georgia Federal program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...are applicable to surface coal mining operations in Georgia which have been adopted under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act...regulations in this chapter. The full text of a rule is in the permanent...part apply to all surface coal mining operations in Georgia...

  19. The Future Is Now: Latino Education in Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamann, Edmund T.

    Georgia's Latino student population has risen from less than 2,000 in 1976 to more than 28,000 in 1996. In 1995-96, Latinos were less likely than their peers to finish school, more likely to struggle in the classroom, and less likely to have instructors from their ethnic background. The current Georgia Department of Education, characterized by…

  20. GLYPHOSATE-RESISTANT PALMER AMARANTH (AMARANTHUS PALMERI) CONFIRMED IN GEORGIA

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Palmer amaranth is among the three most troublesome weeds in Georgia cotton, peanut, and soybean and is among the top five most troublesome weeds in most other southeastern states. A glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth biotype was confirmed in central Georgia. In the field, potassium salt of glyp...

  1. CPSM/Film shoots Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    1 CPSM/Film shoots 11/06 Georgia Institute of Technology Policy Statement for use of Campus Facilities for Filming Use of Institute name or likeness: Any use of the names, marks, logos, trademarks for the state of Georgia's film industry. As such, we have developed policies for safe and equitable use

  2. Accountability Report: The University System of Georgia, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University System of Georgia, Atlanta.

    The accountability report of the Georgia University System summarizes expenditures and progress made in achieving earlier goals. Following an overview which identifies major strategies toward the goal of a more educated Georgia, a section summarizes progress on major initiatives broken down into those funded in 1995-1997 legislative sessions,…

  3. County Government in Georgia [And] Teacher's Manual for County Government in Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hepburn, Mary A.

    The student textbook and the teacher's manual focus on the services, organization, and funding of county government in Georgia. Designed to be used over a three to six week period, the textbook is arranged into six chapters. Chapter one discusses county government, its services, and its structure. Chapter two focuses on county officials and their…

  4. An Education in Georgia: Charlayne Hunter, Hamilton Holmes, and the Integration of the University of Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trillin, Calvin

    In January 1961, Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes became the first black students to enter the University of Georgia (Atlanta). Calvin Trillin covered the litigation that resulted in a federal court order that allowed these students to enroll, and then returned just before their graduation to interview the students, their families, friends and…

  5. Sedimentary and atmospheric sources of iron around South Georgia, Southern Ocean: a modelling perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borrione, I.; Aumont, O.; Nielsdóttir, M. C.; Schlitzer, R.

    2013-07-01

    In high-nutrient low-chlorophyll waters of the western Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, an intense phytoplankton bloom is observed annually north of South Georgia, most likely due to an enhanced supply of the limiting micronutrient iron. Shallow sediments and atmospheric dust deposition are believed to be the main iron sources. However, their relative importance is still unclear and in the South Georgia region have yet not been ascertained because iron measurements are very few. In this study, we use austral summer dissolved iron (dFe) data around South Georgia (January and February 2008) with a coupled regional hydrodynamic and biogeochemical model to investigate natural iron fertilization around the island. The biogeochemical component of the model includes an iron cycle, where sediments and dust deposition are the sources of iron to the ocean. The model captures the characteristic flow patterns around South Georgia, hence simulating a large phytoplankton bloom to the north, i.e., downstream, of the island. Modelled dFe concentrations agree well with observations (mean difference and root mean square errors of ~0.02 nM and ~0.81 nM) and form a large plume to the north of the island that extends eastwards for more than 800 km. In agreement with observations, highest dFe concentrations are located along the coast and decrease with distance from the island. Sensitivity tests indicate that most of the iron measured in the main bloom area originates from the coast and the very shallow shelf-sediments (depths < 20 m) while dust deposition plays a minor role, with almost no effects on surface chlorophyll a concentrations. Iron sources such as run-off not represented explicitly in the model, but that likely contribute to the iron plumes observed around South Georgia, are also discussed together with the potential effects their temporal variability may have on the system.

  6. Report from the Country of Georgia: Protecting and Promoting Breastfeeding through Regulation of Artificial-Feeding Marketing Practices.

    PubMed

    Nemsadze, Ketevan

    2004-01-01

    This paper highlights the southwest Asian country of Georgia's experience in creating efforts to protect and promote breastfeeding and to implement the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. Since 1994, the country of Georgia (of the former Soviet Union) has successfully implemented the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative. In 1997-1998, Georgia conducted a study throughout the country's various regions to evaluate compliance with the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. The research demonstrated numerous violations of the code by various companies and confirmed the necessity of ongoing activities to promote implementation of the code. Due to the great effort of Georgia's Ministry of Health and the International Baby-Food Action Network [IBFAN] Georgian group called "Claritas," the law titled "On Protection and Promotion of Breastfeeding and Regulation of Artificial Feeding" was adopted in 1999 by the country's parliament. As a result, Georgia has witnessed a sharp increase in breastfeeding percentages, the designation of baby-friendly status at 14 maternity houses, and a decrease in the advertisement of artificial-feeding products. PMID:17273372

  7. Ground-water data for Georgia, 1987

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Joiner, C.N.; Reynolds, M.S.; Stayton, W.L.; Boucher, F.G.

    1988-01-01

    This report was prepared in cooperation with the State of Georgia; Chatham County; Glynn County; the cities of Brunswick and Valdosta; and the Albany Water, Gas, and Light Commission. This report is the culmination of a concerted effort by dedicated personnel of the U.S. Geological Survey who collected, compiled, analyzed, verified, and organized the data, and who edited and assembled the report. In addition to the authors, who had primary responsibility for assuring that the information contained herein is accurate, complete, and adheres to Geological Survey policy and established guidelines, the following individuals contributed significantly to the collection, processing, and tabulation of the data:

  8. Algal productivity in salt marshes of Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1959-01-01

    ABSTRACT Gross primary,production,of algae,in the intertidal,marshes,on the,coast,of Georgia,was measured at various seasons. Measurements were also made of light, temperature, pH, depth of flooding at high tide, and sedimentary chlorophyll. Migration of the algae in t,he sediments,was,observed,along,creek,borders. Production,during,low tide is 150 mg,C\\/m2\\/hr in winter,and 2&30 mg,C\\/mz\\/hr in summer. Production under water, during high tide is 200 mg C\\/m2\\/hr in August and

  9. Astronomical Beliefs in Medieval Georgia: Innovative Approaches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sauter, Jefferson; Orchiston, W.; Stephenson, F.

    2014-01-01

    Written sources from medieval Georgia show, among other things, how astronomical ideas were adapted on the periphery of the Byzantine and Islamic worlds. In this paper, we investigate a number of Georgian beliefs about the heavens from a calendrical work and a celestial prognostication text, but also from less expected sources including the medieval life of a saint and an epic poem. For the most part, these sources were derived from Byzantine or Persian models. We show the extent to which the sources nevertheless conform to a specifically Georgian view of the cosmos. We argue that, in so doing, medieval Georgian authors employed several innovative approaches hitherto unnoticed by modern scholars.

  10. 2003www.irp.gatech.edu 2003 Georgia Tech Fact Book

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    2003www.irp.gatech.edu FACT BOOK #12;2003 Georgia Tech Fact Book Georgia Tech is an equal Bramblett, Director Fact Book 2003 Copyright 2004 #12;2003 Georgia Tech Fact Book TABLE OF CONTENTS Quick............................................................................................................................................ 3 13 27 57 81 101 121 127 143 #12;2003 Fact Book Quick Facts #12;2003 Georgia Tech Fact Book QUICK

  11. A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF RIVER FLOODING AT SELECT NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RIVER FORECAST LOCATIONS IN GEORGIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeff C. Dobur

    River flooding has played a significant role in Georgia's history of natural disasters. As recent as July 1994, heavy rainfall from the remnants of Tropical Storm Alberto caused some of the worst river flooding in Georgia's history. In April of 2000, the Georgia Emergency Management Agency reported that nearly 75 percent of Georgia's disaster losses since 1990 had been linked

  12. GeorgiaJ~Mf~S M ~Techu~ufl~qC

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    Society of America National Architectural Accrediting Board Planning Accreditation Board · Georgia Tech 2001 Georgia Tech Fact Book QUICK FACTS The Georgia School of Technology · The Georgia School degree offered, the Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering. · The first academic building

  13. STEM Career Cluster Engineering and Technology Education pathway in Georgia: Perceptions of Georgia engineering and technology education high school teachers and CTAE administrators as measured by the Characteristics of Engineering and Technology Education survey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crenshaw, Mark VanBuren

    This study examined the perceptions held by Georgia Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Career Cluster Engineering and Technology Education (ETE) high school pathway teachers and Georgia's Career, Technical and Agriculture Education (CTAE) administrators regarding the ETE pathway and its effect on implementation within their district and schools. It provides strategies for ETE teaching methods, curriculum content, STEM integration, and how to improve the ETE pathway program of study. Current teaching and curricular trends were examined in ETE as well as the role ETE should play as related to STEM education. The study, using the Characteristics of Engineering and Technology Education Survey, was conducted to answer the following research questions: (a) Is there a significant difference in the perception of ETE teaching methodology between Georgia ETE high school teachers and CTAE administrators as measured by the Characteristics of Engineering and Technology Education Survey? (b) Is there a significant difference in the perception of ETE curriculum content between Georgia ETE high school teachers and CTAE administrators as measured by the Characteristics of Engineering and Technology Education Survey? (c) Is there a significant difference in the perception of STEM integration in the ETE high school pathway between Georgia ETE high school teachers and CTAE administrators as measured by the Characteristics of Engineering and Technology Education Survey? and (d) Is there a significant difference in the perception of how to improve the ETE high school pathway between Georgia ETE high school teachers and CTAE administrators as measured by the Characteristics of Engineering and Technology Education Survey? Suggestions for further research also were offered.

  14. Bugaboo Fire Rages in Georgia and Florida

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    Subtropical Storm Andrea apparently did little to quench numerous large wildfires burning in the U.S. Southeast in early May 2007. On May 11, 2007, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Terra satellite captured this image, the remnants of the storm had dwindled to a small ball of clouds in the Atlantic Ocean, and huge plumes of smoke snaked across Georgia, Florida, and the Gulf of Mexico. Areas where MODIS detected actively burning fires are outlined in red. A huge fire is burning in and near the Okefenokee Swamp, which straddles the state line between Georgia and Florida. For logistical purposes, fire officials are calling the part of the fire in Florida the Florida Bugaboo Fire and the part in Georgia the Bugaboo Scrub Fire. The distinction is simply administrative, however; in reality, it is single, continuous swath of burning timber, swamp land, grass, and scrubland. The blaze was more than 133,000 thousand acres as of May 11, and it appeared to be spreading on virtually all perimeters at the time of the image, with active fire locations detected in a circle that surrounds an already burned (or partially burned) area. According to reports form the Southern Area Coordination Center, the fire grew by at least 20,000 acres on May 10. Numerous communities were threatened and hundreds of people were evacuated, while parts of Interstate 10 were closed to all but emergency vehicles. To the northeast of the Bugaboo Fire, other large wildfires were burning in Georgia as well. The Floyds Prairie Fire, to the immediate north, was threatening endangered species and their habitat, while farther north the 116,000-plus-acre Sweat Farm Road/Big Turnaround Complex Fire was still burning in the area south of the city of Waycross, nearly a month after the fires first started in mid-April. Southern Georgia and Florida are in the grip of moderate to extreme drought. The state line area where the Bugaboo Fire is burning is one of the areas in extreme drought. The extremely dry fuels, including easily flammable pine forests and plantations, and the rugged, isolated stretches of terrain, make fire officials think that these fires will continue to burn for a long time. Although extreme fire behavior may decline, smoldering and creeping fire will probably continue until heavy rain - possibly a hurricane - drenches the area. The large image provided above has a spatial resolution (level of detail) of 250 meters per pixel. The MODIS Rapid Response Team provides the image in additional resolutions. The group also provides twice-daily subset images of the United States in a variety of resolutions and formats, including and infrared-enhanced version that emphasizes the burn scars.

  15. Rural Schooling in Georgia: The Experiences of a Minority Community Service Organization Involved in Local School Decision-Making Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Cynthia Louise Altman

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation study was a descriptive case study of a minority community service organization whose members were actively involved in local school decision-making and activities in a rural Northeast Georgia community. Rural schools face unique challenges in light of current educational trends. To address the challenges, rural schools must…

  16. The Lived Experience of Low-Income Minority Students Who Receive State Merit Aid at a Georgia Postsecondary Institution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Michelle A.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore how junior level students at a Georgia postsecondary institution perceived their college experiences were impacted by the meritbased aid they received. The study employed a phenomenological method and was based on Tinto's psycho-social-economic-organizational model, from "Theories of college student…

  17. A decade of AMS at the University of Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Culp, Randy; Noakes, John; Cherkinsky, Alex; Ravi Prasad, G. V.; Dvoracek, Doug

    2013-01-01

    In a span of 10 years, the University of Georgia’s Center for Applied Isotope Studies (CAIS) has transformed itself from principally a liquid scintillation counting (LSC) laboratory to one conducting thousands of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) and stable isotope ratio analysis (SIRA) annually. After receiving the first of the NEC compact AMS units in the United States, the CAIS began to meet the demand for 14C analysis outside the normal realm of most radiocarbon dating laboratories. With industry’s support, isotope research continued on an already developing natural products program to authenticate materials origin and process of formation. The CAIS’s AMS allowed for the detection of synthetic materials in milligram quantities rather than gram quantities required by LSC and allowed new compound specific SIRA techniques to be directed toward compound specific 14C measurement. By 2005 the CAIS was one of only a few laboratories accredited to determine bio-base content in industrial fuels and products by both AMS and LSC following ASTM D6866-10 [1]. Since 2001, when our first sample was analyzed by AMS method, both radiocarbon and natural products sample numbers have increased steadily. The advantages of AMS analysis in overall efficiency, cost savings, accuracy, and precision, are detailed here in a review of analytical precision for radiocarbon and natural products analyzed over 10 years of AMS operation. Comparisons are made between natural products and bio-based materials analyzed by both AMS and LSC. Although high precision is not required to authenticate natural products, for the purpose of product comparison with regard to degree of naturalness accurate and precise 14C measurement is shown to be achievable by both methods.

  18. A Survey of Georgia Adult Protective Service Staff: Implications for Older Adult Injury Prevention and Policy

    PubMed Central

    Strasser, Sheryl M.; Kerr, Judith; King, Patricia S; Payne, Brian; Beddington, Sarah; Pendrick, Danielle; Leyda, Elizabeth; McCarty, Frances

    2011-01-01

    Background: The aging population is a rapidly growing demographic. Isolation and limited autonomy render many of the elderly vulnerable to abuse, neglect and exploitation. As the population grows, so does the need for Adult Protective Services (APS). This study was conducted to examine current knowledge of older adult protection laws in Georgia among APS staff and to identify training opportunities to better prepare the APS workforce in case detection and intervention. Methods: The Georgia State University Institute of Public Health faculty developed a primary survey in partnership with the Georgia Division of Aging Services’ leadership to identify key training priority issues for APS caseworkers and investigators. A 47-item electronic questionnaire was delivered to all APS employees via work-issued email accounts. We conducted descriptive analyses, t-tests and chi-square analyses to determine APS employees’ baseline knowledge of Georgia’s elder abuse policies, laws and practices, as well as examine associations of age, ethnicity, and educational attainment with knowledge. We used a p-value of 0.05 and 95% confidence intervals to determine statistical significance of analyses performed. Result: Ninety-two out of 175 APS staff responded to the survey (53% response rate). The majority of respondents were Caucasian (56%) women (92%). For over half the survey items, paired sample t-tests revealed significant differences between what APS staff reported as known and what APS staff members indicated they needed to know more about in terms of elder abuse and current policies. Chi-square tests revealed that non-Caucasians significantly preferred video conferencing as a training format (44% compared to 18%), [?2(1) = 7.102, p < .008], whereas Caucasians preferred asynchronous online learning formats (55% compared to 28%) [?2(1) =5.951, p < .015]. Conclusion: Results from this study provide the Georgia Division of Aging with insight into specific policy areas that are not well understood by APS staff. Soliciting input from intended trainees allows public health educators to tailor and improve training sessions. Trainee input may result in optimization of policy implementation, which may result in greater injury prevention and protection of older adults vulnerable to abuse, neglect and exploitation. PMID:21731795

  19. HLA-B*5701 genetic screening prior to abacavir prescription in Georgia.

    PubMed

    Dvali, N; Chkhartishvili, N; Sharvadze, L; Karchava, M; Tsertsvadze, T

    2010-12-01

    A hypersensitivity reaction to abacavir develops in approximately 2-8% of HIV patients receiving this drug and is strongly associated with presence of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B*5701. Screening for HLA-B*5701 reduces the risk of developing an abacavir hypersensitivity reaction. The carriage rate of HLA-B*5701 has not been studied in Georgia before 2009. Objective of the study was to determine HLA-B*5701 prevalence in HIV-infected patients in Georgia. One hundred and sixty HIV positive patients attending Georgian Infectious Diseases, AIDS and Clinical Immunology Research Center in 2009 were recruited for the study. None of the patients had previously been treated with abacavir. Blood samples were collected and screened for HLA-B*5701 prior to abacavir prescription. Of 160 patients recruited 9 tested HLA B*5701 positive - 5.6% (95% CI: 2.6-10.4%). Of these nine patients 7 were males (male prevalence: 6.5%, 95% CI: 2.6-12.9 %) and 2 females (female prevalence: 4.8%, 95% CI: 0.6-16.2%). The first prospective study of HLA-B*5701 prevalence in Georgia show similar results to the results of other studies. Abacavir still remains one of the key drugs of antiretroviral regimens in Georgia and other countries. Therefore, prospective HLA-B*5701 screening should be implemented in all settings where abacavir is widely used to guide selection of ART regimens and to reduce the risk of potentially life threatening hypersensitivity reaction. PMID:21252404

  20. Detection of Helicobacter pylori in the coastal waters of Georgia, Puerto Rico and Trinidad.

    PubMed

    Holman, Chelsea B; Bachoon, D S; Otero, Ernesto; Ramsubhag, Adesh

    2014-02-15

    Fecal pollution in the coastal marine environments was assessed at eleven sampling locations along the Georgia coast and Trinidad, and nine sites from Puerto-Rico. Membrane filtration (EPA method 1604 and method 1600) was utilized for Escherichia coli and enterococci enumeration at each location. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) amplification of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene was used to determine the presence of the Helicobacter pylori in marine samples. There was no significant correlation between the levels of E. coli, enterococci and H. pylori in these water samples. H. pylori was detected at four of the 31 locations sampled; Oak Grove Island and Village Creek Landing in Georgia, Maracas river in Trinidad, and Ceiba Creek in Puerto Rico. The study confirms the potential public health risk to humans due to the widespread distribution of H. pylori in subtropical and tropical costal marine waters. PMID:24332757

  1. Psychological Resources for Well-Being Among Octogenarians, Nonagenarians, and Centenarians: Differential Effects of Age and Selective Mortality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacqui Smith; Denis Gerstorf; Qiang Li

    Research on the young old indicates that psychological processes associated with the maintenance of subjective well-being\\u000a are effective despite declining health and age-related social losses. In this chapter, we examine the robustness of this system\\u000a in the oldest old. We divided the first wave cross-sectional sample of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study (CLHLS)\\u000a into two subsamples: 2-year survivors (N=

  2. SIMULATION OF FLOOD HYDROGRAPHS FOR GEORGIA STREAMS.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Inman, E.J.; Armbruster, J.T.

    1986-01-01

    Flood hydrographs are needed for the design of many highway drainage structures and embankments. A method for simulating these flood hydrographs at urban and rural ungauged sites in Georgia is presented. The O'Donnell method was used to compute unit hydrographs from 355 flood events from 80 stations. An average unit hydrograph and an average lag time were computed for each station. These average unit hydrographs were transformed to unit hydrographs having durations of one-fourth, one-third, one-half, and three-fourths lag time and then reduced to dimensionless terms by dividing the time by lag time and the discharge by peak discharge. Hydrographs were simulated for these 355 flood events and their widths were compared with the widths of the observed hydrographs at 50 and 75 percent of peak flow. For simulating hydrographs at sites larger than 500 mi**2, the U. S. Geological Survey computer model CONROUT can be used.

  3. The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    With a mix of agricultural tips, camping suggestions, and canning advice, the University of Georgia's Cooperative Extension site serves up a cornucopia of materials designed to serve the diverse needs of the state's residents. The homepage has three primary sections, including "Agriculture & Natural Resources", "Family & Consumer Sciences", and "4-H & Youth Development". Each of these sections is distinguished by cooperative agent information, email newsletters, and fact sheets. Also on the homepage is the "Hot List", which offers quick links to the UGA's Master Gardener's program, resources for educators, and agricultural forecasts. The "Current News & Events" area is a true delight, and headlines like "Helping Haiti" and "People, mice head indoors for winter" will inform and draw visitors in for more.

  4. Polymer, Textile & Fiber Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    Polymer, Textile & Fiber Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Graduate Student Handbook 2010: 404-894-9140 #12;Graduate Handbook 2010-2011, Polymer, Textile and Fiber Engineering Program ii TABLE

  5. Regional assessment of nonforestry related biomass resources: Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-11-01

    This document is a collection of spreadsheets detailing in a county by county manner the agricultural crop, agricultural wastes, municipal wastes, and industrial wastes in Georgia that are potential biomass energy sources.

  6. The University of Georgia Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development

    E-print Network

    Hall, Daniel

    ......................................................................... 9 Soybean Transport Cots to Shanghai China (Brazil vs. USA's logistics costs. 1. Maritime Transport ­Ocean freight rates are dependent upon several factors including............................................................................................................................ 5 Examples of logistics and transportation costs from LAC countries and Georgia

  7. Georgia Tech Chemistry & Biochemistrywww.chemistry.gatech.edu/rig --Research

    E-print Network

    Feig, Andrew

    ! Intersexed! Questioning Robbie Rogers, Pro Soccer Player Lynsey Addario, NewYork Times, March 29 2013 Alan Turing & ! UK Apology Carolyn Bertozzi #12;R. Hernandez @ Georgia Techwww.oxide.gatech.edu -- OXIDE

  8. Sarah Thompson Keeping company with Georgia's heritage of trees

    E-print Network

    Kissinger, Jessica

    System) technology to pinpoint tree locations, the team covered 5,000 miles in seven months beginning, still taking notes. "She was inquisitive, tenacious, articulate and intelligent," Smalley says centerpiece of a Tifton, Georgia park, Smalley describes ho

  9. View east of brick railroad viaduct central of Georgia ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View east of brick railroad viaduct - central of Georgia - spannin canal prism (now used as pedestrian walk) - Savannah & Ogeechee Barge Canal, Between Ogeechee & Savannah Rivers, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

  10. MUSIC THEORY and AURAL SKILLS The University of Georgia

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    MUSIC THEORY and AURAL SKILLS at The University of Georgia Hugh Hodgson School of Music MUSIC THEORY PREPARATION · Skills requirements of Music by Robert Ottman and Frank Mainous (Prentice Hall, publisher) Scales

  11. Energy Consumption and Conservation Potential at a Georgia Textile Plant

    E-print Network

    Gurta, M. E.; Brown, M. L.

    Textile manufacturing comprises approximately twenty percent of the industrial employment in Georgia. Because of the importance of this sector to the economy of this state and others in the southeast, efficient production is crucial to its future...

  12. 230. Photocopy of Bird's Eye View of Savannah from Georgia ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    230. Photocopy of Bird's Eye View of Savannah from Georgia Historical Society Augustus Koch, Publisher, Savannah 1891 DETAIL - Savannah Victorian Historic District, Bounded by Gwinnett, East Broad, West Broad Street & Anderson Lane, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

  13. Effects of Teacher Efficacy on Student Academic and Social Emotional Achievements as Reported on Georgia Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Tisha J.

    2012-01-01

    Students in kindergarten are not meeting state standards on standardized academic and social/emotional scores in the southeastern United States. The focus of this study was to determine if a teacher's perceptions of self-efficacy affects student success in academic and social/emotional standards as reported on the Georgia Kindergarten of…

  14. P-wave arrival times for the 1991 racha, Georgia earthquake sequence at stations of a test, sparse network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S C Myers; C A Schultz; F Ryall

    2000-01-01

    The following arrival information is a supplement to Myers and Schultz (2000). Myers and Schultz (2000) demonstrate the improvement in sparse-network location that can be achieved by using travel-time corrections determined with a Bayesian Kriging algorithm (Schultz et al., 1998). Precise, benchmark locations are provided by a local aftershock study of the 1991 Racha, Georgia earthquake sequence in the Caucasus

  15. Characterization of rain in the Georgia Piedmont and effects of acidified water on crop and ornamental plants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1982-01-01

    In an effort to aid in the establishment of a long-term program to study spacial and temporal trends in wet and dry deposition, an atmospheric sampling collector was established near Griffin, Georgia. The collector will operate in accordance with the National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) Network guidelines for at least 10 years. In conjunction with the analyses performed on the

  16. The Relationship between School Culture and Student Achievement: Perceptions of Georgia Suburban and Urban High School Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Treva L.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative research study was to determine the relative impact school culture has on student achievement (specifically AYP status, dropout rates and graduation rates) in select urban and suburban Georgia high schools. To examine this relationship, the researcher reviewed data collected from the School Culture Survey (SCS)…

  17. Prevalence and characterization of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from retail meat and humans in Georgia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    There is increasing interest in the presence of Staphylococcus aureus, specifically methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), on retail meat products. In this study, staphylococci were isolated from retail pork and retail beef in Georgia and MRSA from the products were compared to human MRSA from the...

  18. Hierarchical Bayesian modeling of spatio-temporal patterns of lung cancer incidence risk in Georgia, USA: 2000-2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, Ping; Mu, Lan; Madden, Marguerite; Vena, John E.

    2014-10-01

    Lung cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in both men and women in Georgia, USA. However, the spatio-temporal patterns of lung cancer risk in Georgia have not been fully studied. Hierarchical Bayesian models are used here to explore the spatio-temporal patterns of lung cancer incidence risk by race and gender in Georgia for the period of 2000-2007. With the census tract level as the spatial scale and the 2-year period aggregation as the temporal scale, we compare a total of seven Bayesian spatio-temporal models including two under a separate modeling framework and five under a joint modeling framework. One joint model outperforms others based on the deviance information criterion. Results show that the northwest region of Georgia has consistently high lung cancer incidence risk for all population groups during the study period. In addition, there are inverse relationships between the socioeconomic status and the lung cancer incidence risk among all Georgian population groups, and the relationships in males are stronger than those in females. By mapping more reliable variations in lung cancer incidence risk at a relatively fine spatio-temporal scale for different Georgian population groups, our study aims to better support healthcare performance assessment, etiological hypothesis generation, and health policy making.

  19. Detection of Babesia and Anaplasma species in rabbits from Texas and Georgia, USA.

    PubMed

    Yabsley, Michael J; Romines, Janean; Nettles, Victor F

    2006-01-01

    Rabbits have been shown to harbor a suite of zoonotic organisms, including a Babesia species, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum. In this study, we conducted a molecular survey for various tick-borne pathogens in three species of rabbits from Texas and Georgia. Of 18 black-tailed jackrabbits (Lepus californicus) tested from Texas, six (28%) were polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive for Babesia, and nucleotide sequencing revealed two distinct species or strains. Two jackrabbits were infected with a Babesia species or strain (Babesia sp. A) that was nearly identical (99.9%) to a piroplasm previously detected in humans from Washington state, and the remaining four jackrabbits were infected with a Babesia species (Babesia sp. B) that was most similar (99.7%) to a Babesia species detected in cottontail rabbits from Massachusetts and humans from Kentucky and Missouri. Eleven (61%) black-tailed jackrabbits were positive for A. bovis, and one was positive for A. phagocytophilum. Two of four desert cottontails (Sylvilagus audubonii) from Texas were positive for the Babesia sp. B, and one desert cottontail each was positive for A. bovis and A. phagocytophilum. One of these desert cottontails was coinfected with the Babesia sp. B and A. phagocytophilum, and five jackrabbits were coinfected with Babesia species and A. bovis. Of 19 eastern cottontails (S. floridanus) from Georgia, only one (5.3%) was positive for A. phagocytophilum, and three (15.8%) were positive for A. bovis. No rabbits from Texas or Georgia were positive for Borrelia species. The only tick species detected on the Texas and Georgia rabbits was the rabbit tick, Haemaphysalis leporispalustris. These data extend the geographic and host range of these pathogens, and because both the Babesia species and A. phagocytophilum are potential zoonotic pathogens, it is important to be aware that these organisms are enzootic in parts of the southern United States. PMID:16584322

  20. Sedimentary and atmospheric sources of iron around South Georgia, Southern Ocean: a modelling perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borrione, I.; Aumont, O.; Nielsdóttir, M. C.; Schlitzer, R.

    2014-04-01

    In high-nutrient low-chlorophyll waters of the western Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, an intense phytoplankton bloom is observed annually north of South Georgia. Multiple sources, including shallow sediments and atmospheric dust deposition, are thought to introduce iron to the region. However, the relative importance of each source is still unclear, owing in part to the scarcity of dissolved iron (dFe) measurements in the South Georgia region. In this study, we combine results from a recently published dFe data set around South Georgia with a coupled regional hydrodynamic and biogeochemical model to further investigate iron supply around the island. The biogeochemical component of the model includes an iron cycle, where sediments and dust deposition are the sources of iron to the ocean. The model captures the characteristic flow patterns around South Georgia, hence simulating a large phytoplankton bloom to the north (i.e. downstream) of the island. Modelled dFe concentrations agree well with observations (mean difference and root mean square errors of ~0.02 nM and ~0.81 nM) and form a large plume to the north of the island that extends eastwards for more than 800 km. In agreement with observations, highest dFe concentrations are located along the coast and decrease with distance from the island. Sensitivity tests indicate that most of the iron measured in the main bloom area originates from the coast and very shallow shelf-sediments (depths < 20 m). Dust deposition exerts almost no effect on surface chlorophyll a concentrations. Other sources of iron such as run-off and glacial melt are not represented explicitly in the model, however we discuss their role in the local iron budget.

  1. Study Guide for TCT in Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutcheson, Gwen N.; Lazaroff, Edward J., Ed.

    This study guide is designed for individuals who are preparing to take the Georgia Teacher Certification Test (TCT) in social studies. The subareas of the test are: (1) historical development, behavioral science; (2) Georgia studies; (3) economics; (4) geography; (5) history; (6) American government; and (7) citizenship. This guide lists content…

  2. Review of potential host rocks for radioactive waste disposal in the Piedmont Province of Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Wenner, D.B.; Gillon, K.A.

    1980-10-01

    A literature study was conducted on the Piedmont province of Georgia to designate areas that may be favorable for field exploration for consideration of a repository for storage of radioactive waste. The criteria utilized in such a designation was based upon consideration of the rock unit having favorable geological, geotechnical, and geohydrological features. The most important are that the rock unit have: (1) satisfactory unit dimensions (> 100 km/sup 2/ outcrop area and at least 1500 meters (approx. 5000 feet) depth of a continuous rock type); and (2) acceptable geohydrological conditions. Among all rock types, it is concluded that the granites of the large post-metamorphic plutons and large, homogeneous orthogneissic units offer the most favorable geologic settings for exploration for siting a radioactive waste repository. Virtually all other rock types, including most metavolcanic and metasedimentary lithologies have unacceptable unit dimensions, generally unfavorable geohydrologic settings, and deleterious mechanical and physical geotechnical properties. After consideration of all major lithologies that comprise the Georgia Piedmont, the following units were deemed favorable: (1) the Elberton Pluton; (2) the Siloam Pluton; (3) the Sparta Pluton; (4) two unnamed plutons adjacent to the Snelson body of S.W. Georgia; (5) the Lithonia Gneiss; (6) basement orthogneisses and charnockites of the Pine Mountain Belt.

  3. Seismoactive Structures Of Georgia: Map And Catalogue

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adamia, S. A.; Sadradze, N.; Lursmanashvili, N.; Gventsadze, A.; Chelidze, T. L.

    2011-12-01

    The southern Caucasus is an earthquake prone region where devastating earthquakes have repeatedly caused significant loss of lives, infrastructure and buildings. Two large devastating earthquakes occurred in the region in the last 20 - 25 years. The first one was the magnitude 6.9 Spitak Earthquake on December 7, 1988 whose epicenter located within the Lesser Caucasus - Northern Armenia near the Georgian border. The earthquake became widely known due to the immense losses it caused - no less than 25 000 people were killed, some 500 000 left homeless. Another large seismic event was the magnitude 7.2 Racha earthquake on April 29, 1991.This earthquake was the strongest one ever recorded in Georgia.The earthquake took about a hundred human lives and caused a great damage and destruction within densely populated areas. High geodynamic activity of the region expressed in both seismic and aseismic deformations, is conditioned by the still-ongoing convergence of lithospheric plates and northward propagation of the Africa-Arabian continental block at a rate of several cm/year. Considerable shortening of the Earth's crust has been realized in the region through different ways: (1) crustal deformation with wide development of compressional structures - folds, thrusts; (2) warping and displacement of crustal blocks with their uplifting, subsidence, underthrusting (a process sometimes referred to as "continental subduction") and (3) lateral escaping. Seismoactive structures of Georgia are identified mainly on the basis of the correlation between neotectonic structures of the region and earthquakes .The geometry of tectonic structures and morphology is largely determined by the wedge-shaped rigid Arabian block intensively indented into the Minor Asian-Caucasian region. All structural-morphological lines have a clearly expressed arcuate northward-convex configuration reflecting the contours of the Arabian block. However, farther north, the geometry of the fold-thrust belts is somewhat different - the Achara-Trialeti fold-thrust belt is, on the whole, W-E trending. The Great Caucasian fold-thrust belt extends in WNW-ESE direction.

  4. 77 FR 38796 - Georgia Power Company; Bartletts Ferry Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Revised Restricted...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-29

    ...Georgia and Alabama] Georgia Power Company; Bartletts Ferry Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Revised...for the Bartletts Ferry Hydroelectric Project No. 485. The...for the Bartletts Ferry Hydroelectric Project. On June...

  5. Population structure of Cylindrocladium parasiticum infecting peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) in Georgia, USA

    E-print Network

    Population structure of Cylindrocladium parasiticum infecting peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) in Georgia Cylindrocladium parasiticum is an impor- tant pathogen of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) causing the disease associated with peanut in Georgia, USA. Ten polymorphic microsatellite markers were used to determine genetic

  6. 78 FR 20091 - Foreign-Trade Zone 26-Atlanta, Georgia, Authorization of Production Activity, Perkins Shibaura...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-03

    ...Authorization of Production Activity, Perkins Shibaura Engines, LLC (Diesel Engines), Griffin, Georgia On November 29, 2012, Georgia...Zones (FTZ) Board on behalf of Perkins Shibaura Engines, LLC, submitted a notification of proposed...

  7. 76 FR 4584 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Georgia; Disapproval of Interstate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-26

    ...requirements are addressed through several regulations and legislation, including Georgia Rule 391-3- 1-.02(2)(sss)--Multi-pollutant Control for Electric Utility Steam Generating Units and Georgia Rule...

  8. 33 CFR 165.756 - Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. 165.756 Section 165... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. (a) Regulated Navigation Area (RNA). The Savannah River between Fort Jackson (32°04.93?...

  9. 33 CFR 165.756 - Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. 165.756 Section 165... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. (a) Regulated Navigation Area (RNA). The Savannah River between Fort Jackson (32°04.93?...

  10. 33 CFR 165.756 - Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. 165.756 Section 165... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. (a) Regulated Navigation Area (RNA). The Savannah River between Fort Jackson (32°04.93?...

  11. 33 CFR 165.756 - Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. 165.756 Section 165... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. (a) Regulated Navigation Area (RNA). The Savannah River between Fort Jackson (32°04.93?...

  12. 33 CFR 165.756 - Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. 165.756 Section 165... Regulated Navigation Area; Savannah River, Georgia. (a) Regulated Navigation Area (RNA). The Savannah River between Fort Jackson (32°04.93?...

  13. 77 FR 58096 - Georgia Transmission Corporation: Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment and To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-19

    ...portions of Atkinson, Berrien, Clinch, Coffee, and Lanier Counties, Georgia. GTC...the following repositories: Douglas/Coffee County Public Library, South Madison...northwest side of the City of Douglas in Coffee County, Georgia, to an existing...

  14. 33 CFR 165.T0704 - Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...false Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. 165...T0704 Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a...and transiting the Savannah River. (b) Effective dates...Mariners to Notify the maritime community of the safety zone and...

  15. 33 CFR 165.T0704 - Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...false Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. 165...T0704 Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a...and transiting the Savannah River. (b) Effective dates...Mariners to Notify the maritime community of the safety zone and...

  16. 33 CFR 165.T0704 - Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...false Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. 165...T0704 Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a...and transiting the Savannah River. (b) Effective dates...Mariners to Notify the maritime community of the safety zone and...

  17. 33 CFR 165.T0704 - Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...false Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. 165...T0704 Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a...and transiting the Savannah River. (b) Effective dates...Mariners to Notify the maritime community of the safety zone and...

  18. 33 CFR 165.T0704 - Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...false Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. 165...T0704 Safety Zone: Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a...and transiting the Savannah River. (b) Effective dates...Mariners to Notify the maritime community of the safety zone and...

  19. 76 FR 31579 - Designation for the State of Georgia and State of Montana Areas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-01

    ...Designation for the State of Georgia and State of Montana Areas AGENCY: Grain Inspection, Packers and...Department of Agriculture (Georgia) and the Montana Department of Agriculture (Montana) to provide official services under the...

  20. 77 FR 35909 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Georgia; 110(a)(1) and (2) Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-15

    ...Requirements relevant to air quality control regulations. The regulations listed...Appendix W ``Guideline on Air Quality Models.'' These regulations demonstrate that Georgia...whole, Georgia's air quality regulations demonstrate that...

  1. Diagenesis of organic matter in georgia salt marshes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fogel, Marilyn L.; Kent Sprague, E.; Gize, Andrew P.; Frey, Robert W.

    1989-02-01

    Organic matter preserved in sediments of Georgia salt marshes derives from Spartina alterniflora and planktonic and bacterial substances. Sources and diagenesis of sedimentary organic material were studied by means of stable C and N isotopes and gas chromatography of pyrolysates from plants, suspended sediments, and a series of muds (modern to 1400 years old) from St Catherines Island, Georgia. Suspended particulate matter ( > 20 ?m) has isotopic compositions (? 13C = -18 to -22), which are composed of an average 34-42% plankton carbon and 58-65% higher plant detritus, as determined by isotopic mass balance of the system. The ? 13C of bulk sediments and humic acids (? 13C = -18 to -19) extracted from them remain relatively constant over time. The ? 13C of acid hydrolysates, however, changed from - 15‰ in surface marsh sediment to a ? 13C of -19 from sediment sampled at a depth of 125 cm. Higher-plant normal-hydrocarbons are present in muds and in particulate matter from the water column, and ? 13C in lipids and gas chromatography of pyrolysates of samples reflect this addition. With increasing age, ? 15N of total sediments and acid hydrolysates increases, and the ratio of odd-to-even hydrocarbons in the pyrolysates decreases. Initially, low density material in sediments consists primarily of plant fragments. With time, this material is decayed and diluted by microbial material, changes that are reflected by more negative ? 13C of -15 to -17·5, as compared to ? 13C of -12 for moden Spartina, and the addition of n-alkanes in the range of C 13-19. The isotopic heterogeneity in surface sediments with carbon as an example, ranged from a ? 13C of -15 (plant fragments) to -22 (sediment following lipid, humic acid, and plant fragment extraction). Nowhere was the C isotopic composition of total Spartina expressed even though microscopic plant pieces, lignocellulose pyrolysis fragments, and n-alkanes from C 22-27 were detected in suspended particulate matter, total sediments, and humic acids.

  2. Vulnerability assessment at a national level in Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsereteli, N.; Arabidze, V.; Varazanashvili, O.; Gugeshashvili, T.

    2012-04-01

    Vulnerability assessment at a national level in Georgia Nino Tsereteli, Vakhtang Arabidze, Otar Varazanashvili, Tengiz Gugeshashvili The risk always exists when cities are built on. Population growth in cities and urbanization in natural hazard-prone zones leads to infrastructure expansion. The goal of the society is to construct natural hazards resistant infrastructure and minimize the expected losses. This is a complicated task as there is always knowledge deficiency on real seismic hazard and vulnerability. Assessment of vulnerability is vital in risk analysis, as vulnerability is defined in many different ways. Work presented here mostly deals with assessment of infrastructure's and population vulnerability at national level in Georgia. This work was initiated by NATO SFP project "seismic Hazard and Risk Assessment for Southern Caucasus - Eastern Turkey Energy Corridors" and the two work packages WP4 (seismic risk) and WP5 (city scenarios) of risk module of EMME (Earthquake Model of the Middle East Region) project. First step was creation databases (inventory) of elements at risk in GIS. Element at risk were the buildings, population, pipelines. The inventories was studied and Created in GIS for the following categories: Building material, number of stories, number of entrances, condition of building, building period. For pipelines pipe tipe (continous or segmented), material, pipe diameter. Very important is to estimate the initial cost of building for assessment of economic losses. From this purpose the attempt was done and the algorithm of this estimation were prepared taking into account obtained the inventory. Build quality, reliability and durability are of special importance to corresponding state agencies and include different aesthetic, engineering, practical, social, technological and economical aspects. The necessity that all of these aspects satisfy existing normative requirements becomes evident as the building and structures come into exploitation. The long term usage of building is very complex. It relates to the reliability and durability of buildings. The long term usage and durability of a building is determined by the concept of depreciation. Depreciation of an entire building is calculated by summing the products of individual construction unit' depreciation rates and the corresponding value of these units within the building. This method of calculation is based on an assumption that depreciation is proportional to the building's (constructions) useful life. We used this methodology to create a matrix, which provides a way to evaluate the depreciation rates of buildings with different type and construction period and to determine their corresponding value. Finely some attempt was done to investigate how these structures were damaged by various hazards. In other words vulnerability curves were constrained on the basis on the relation between various hazard intensities and damage data.

  3. School characteristics of mesopelagic fish at South Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saunders, Ryan A.; Fielding, Sophie; Thorpe, Sally E.; Tarling, Geraint A.

    2013-11-01

    In this paper, we describe the variation in myctophid schools characteristics at South Georgia using multi-frequency acoustic data collected annually between November 2007 and January 2012. We studied the relationship between the proximity of land and the distribution and schooling characteristics of myctophid fish. We also examined patterns in schooling behaviour in relation to oceanographic data. Fish schools were identified using a dual-frequency dB identification method (Sv120-38 kHz), where negative Sv120-38 kHz is indicative of gas-bearing organisms, such as swimbladdered fish. Available net data were used to provide information on the meosopelagic fish community in the region. School morphometrics (e.g. length, thickness, area) data were extracted and pooled according to their distance from the shore (0-30 km, 30-60 km, 60-90 km, 90-120 km). A total of 578 schools were detected in the survey region and there was high variation in school backscattering strength (NASC), length, height, perimeter, depth and horizontal distribution between surveys, including distinct inter-annual variation in these parameters when surveys were conducted in the same season (2009-2012). Schools were distributed predominantly on-shelf (0-500 m isobaths) during some summer surveys (2007 and 2012) and predominantly off-shelf on others (>500 m isobaths; 2009, 2010 and 2011). There was also evidence of bathymetric separation in the horizontal distribution of schools. Schools observed in the late-season in 2008 had the greatest NASC, largest height and the deepest depth distribution. Most schools occurred at depths between ˜60 and 300 m, but they did not occupy the same water masses during each survey. Schools became progressively thinner, shallower and acoustically weaker with increasing distance to land, whilst school length and perimeter increased correspondingly. The change in fish schooling behaviour between environments could be a response to a combination of local predatory threats over short spatial/temporal scales and differences in oceanographic conditions, such as current velocity. The trend could also be evidence of spatial habitat partitioning of myctophids, with different schooling species, or different life-stages, orientating along a bathymetric gradient at South Georgia.

  4. Sweat Farm Road Fire in Georgia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    Dense plumes of blue-white smoke billowed from the Sweat Farm Road Fire in southern Georgia on April 19, 2007, when the Landsat 5 satellite captured this detailed image. The fire started on April 16, when a tree fell on a power line and, fanned by strong winds, quickly exploded into a major fire. By April 19, the fire had forced officials to close several roads, including U.S. Highway 1, and to evacuate hundreds of people from the perimeter of the city of Waycross, the silver cluster along the top edge of the image. The nearness of the fire is evident in the dark brown, charred land just south of the city. The active fire front is along the south edge of the burned area, where the flames are eating into the dark green hardwood forests, pine plantations, and shrubs in Okefenokee Swamp. Because of the difficult terrain, the fire and the adjoining Big Turnaround Complex fire are expected to burn until significant rain falls, said the morning report issued by the Southern Area Coordination Center on May 4. 'In the long term, the burning of the swamp will ultimately benefit the swamp wilderness habitat, which is a fire-dependent ecosystem,' said a press release issued from the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge on May 4. Such ecosystems require fire to remain healthy. In the case of southern pine forests, many pine species need fire to remove litter from the ground and release soil nutrients so that new seedlings can grow.

  5. Tectonic architecture of central Georgia Eastern Piedmont

    SciTech Connect

    Maher, H.D. Jr.; Brueggemann, M.; Pospisil, M. (Univ. of Nebraska, Omaha, NE (United States). Dept. of Geography and Geology); Boland, I.; Pray, J.; Secor, D.T.; Steinke, T.; West, T. (Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences); Sacks, P. (Univ. of Minnesota, Duluth, MN (United States). Dept. of Geology)

    1992-01-01

    Recent work suggests the following for the tectonic architecture of the central Georgia Eastern Piedmont. The Alleghenian-age, Modoc fault zone (MZ), first defined in S. Carolina, continues along strike (c. S60W) at least to the Ocmulgee R. (net length = 250 km), where it converges with the Ocmulgee (OF) and Goat Rock (GR) faults. Diverging to the S from the MZ is a sharp contact between migmatitic amphibolites and gneisses of the Sinclair Lake terrane (SLt) and lower grade metapelites and metapsammites of the Milledgeville terrane (Mt). Both are introduced by post-kinematic granites (likely Alleghanian). A previously undescribed, 10 km long ultramafite belt within SLt, the Shoulderbone zone (Sz), is concordantly foliated with respect to surrounding rocks--hence emplacement is considered as pre- or synkinematic. Numerous smaller ultramafite bodies exist within SLt, Metavolcanic rocks N of SLt and the intervening MZ are interpreted as Carolina slate belt (CSB) rocks extending farther SW than often depicted. Arc volcanism and plutonism, terrane amalgamation and subsequent Alleghanian plutonism, dextral shear zones (some with extensional components), and local tight folding contributed to the present architecture. Locally, accretionary wedge material may exist, but the authors find published views and maps describing the entire area as primarily an accretionary wedge thrust stack to be inappropriate.

  6. Deposits of Claiborne and Jackson age in Georgia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cooke, Charles Wythe; Shearer, Harold Kurtz

    1919-01-01

    In 1911 the Geological Survey of Georgia published as Bulletin 26 a "Preliminary report on the geology of the Coastal Plain of Georgia," by Otto Veatch and Lloyd William Stephenson, prepared in cooperation with the United States Geological Survey under the supervision of T. Wayland Vaughan, a geologist in charge of Coastal Plain investigations, who contributed the determinations of the invertebrate fossils of the Tertiary and Quaternary formations. Although this report constituted a decided advance in our knowledge of the geology of the Coastal Plain of Georgia, it was admittedly of reconnaissance character, and corrections and additions to it were to be expected. During the last few years field work has been prosecuted vigorously in the Coastal Plain of Georgia, and the additional information thus accumulated throws light upon certain problems of stratigraphy left unsolved by Veatch and Stephenson and alters considerably some of their correlations. The object of the present paper is to present the new evidence regarding the age and correlation of the Eocene formations of Georgia and to revise in accordance with present knowledge the descriptions of the deposits of Claiborne and Jackson age.

  7. Implementation of telepathology in the republic of georgia.

    PubMed

    Kldiashvili, Ekaterina; Schrader, Thomas

    2009-06-01

    Telepathology in the Republic of Georgia is still evolving. Although much progress has been made around the world, especially in the field of digital imaging and virtual slides, telepathology in Georgia still revolves around static telepathology. The results of the NATO Networking Infrastructure Grant "ePathology-Virtual Pathology Center in Georgia as the continuation of Virtual Health Care Center" are presented. It is a practical implementation of telepathology in Georgia as a best practice example. Using basic methodology: idea-analysis-conception-implementation-test/deployment, the ePathology server was created for the establishment of telepathology in Georgia. Two main services were made available on the server: Simple Machines Forum (eConsultation) and Moodle (eLearning) under the premise "keep it small, safe, and simple." The ePathology server works well. By its application, introduction of the Pap-smear technique and 2001 Bethesda System for reporting cervicovaginal cytologic diagnosis has been done. The application of easily available and adaptable technology, together with the improvement of the infrastructure conditions, is the essential basis for telemedical applications. Telepathology is a very useful and applicable tool for consulting on difficult pathology cases. It has significantly increased knowledge exchange and thereby ensured a better medical service. PMID:19548828

  8. The Georgia Express: Final Report. A 310 Planning Project for Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin City - Spalding County Board of Education, GA.

    This report summarizes the work of the Georgia Express project staff and the five task teams that provided research services to the Georgia Task Force on Adult Education. (The purpose of the Task Force was to review Georgia Adult Education's current goals, objectives, and procedures and to make recommendations for program improvement.) The report…

  9. 78 FR 28118 - Vidalia Onions Grown in Georgia; Change in Reporting and Assessment Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ...AMS-FV-12-0071; FV13-955-1 IR] Vidalia Onions Grown in Georgia; Change in Reporting...under the marketing order for Vidalia onions grown in Georgia (order). The order regulates the handling of Vidalia onions grown in Georgia and is...

  10. The Response of Local School Systems in Georgia to Fiscal and Economic Conditions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alm, James; Sjoquist, David L.

    2009-01-01

    The 2001 recession had a major effect on Georgia's fiscal condition. We explore how economic conditions affected state and local financing of K-12 education in Georgia. We find that the magnitude of postrecession cuts in state real revenue per student varied widely across the local school systems in Georgia. We then examine whether and how cuts in…

  11. A Failed Experiment: Georgia's Tax Credit Scholarships for Private Schools. Special Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Education Foundation, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Georgia is one of seven states that currently allow tax credits for scholarships to private schools. The law permits individual taxpayers in Georgia to reduce annual state taxes up to $2,500 for joint returns when they divert funds to a student scholarship organization (SSO). Georgia's law providing tax credits for private school tuition grants or…

  12. Georgia's Health Safety Net: A Model of Excellence: The Good Samaritan Health Center

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erin Hiers

    2009-01-01

    The state of Georgia continues to struggle with the large amount of people who lack the ability to obtain healthcare when needed. Over a million Georgians have no health insurance, and face a variety of barriers to receiving healthcare. There are many layers to Georgia’s safety net, where each clinic provides primary care in certain areas to a specific population

  13. Pollutant Build-Up Over the Strait of Georgia and The Role of Mesoscale Flow Patterns on Onshore Transport

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Snyder, B. J.; Brook, J. R.; Strawbridge, K. B.

    2002-12-01

    The Pacific 2001 Field Study was characterised by two periods of pollutant build-up as evidenced by relatively high particle sulphate and nitric acid concentrations. The most complete dataset is for the second period from 26-28 August and thus more in-depth meteorological analysis is focusing on these days. Low level flow analyses, upper air soundings, Lidar and back-trajectories were used to investigate the movement of air over the Georgia Basin. This area includes the land mass of the Lower Fraser Valley and two main waterways: the Strait of Georgia and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. The complex interaction of flows through these Straits can play a key role in determining the pollution load offshore of Vancouver. Along with airmass stability and local winds, diagnosing the predominance of flow from the Strait of Juan de Fuca over the Strait of Georgia may offer a useful tool for predicting pollution potential in this area. During the 26-28 period, sulphate and nitric acid levels were observed to initially increase over the Gulf Islands portion of the Strait of Georgia followed 1-2 days later by similar peaks inland, over the Lower Fraser Valley. This pattern suggests that the Strait may play an important role in the life cycle of pollutants emitted or formed in the region. Indeed, areas of localised weak flow and stagnation are known to exist over the Gulf Islands portion of the Strait of Georgia. Meteorological data suggests that both the larger scale flow through the Straits and the sea breeze circulation were instrumental in the advection of pollutants from this area inland.

  14. Geohydrology of Brooks, Lowndes, and western Echols counties, Georgia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Krause, R.E.

    1979-01-01

    The principal artesian aquifer, a limestone of Eocene to Miocene age, is the main source of water supply for Brooks, Lowndes, and western Echols Counties in south Georgia. Pumpage of about 22 million gallons perday from this prolific aquifer has not posed any problems regarding declining water levels or depletion of the reservoir. However, water-quality problems do occur in the Valdosta area. Seepage-run measurements indicate that the Withlacoochee River north of Valdosta contributes an average of 112 cubic feet per second of water to caverns and sinkholes that recharge the aquifer. Wells near the recharge area withdraw relatively unfiltered water with iron concentration and color intensity exceeding standards for drinking water. South of Valdosta, water from the aquifer contains as much as 3.0 milligrams per liter of hydrogen sulfide, rendering the water unfit for drinking. Water high in sulfate concentration occurs below 550 feet in the lower part of the aquifer in Valdosta, and is assumed to be present at that depth throughout the study area. Generally, sufficient quantities of freshwater can be obtained without drilling to this depth.

  15. Aquatic dissipation of triclopyr in Lake Seminole, Georgia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Woodburn, K.B.; Green, W.R.; Westerdahl, H.E.

    1993-01-01

    A field study was conducted to evaluate the environmental dissipation of triclopyr herbicide under aquatic-use conditions. Three 4-h plots in Lake Seminole, Georgia, were selected for use: one control, one aerial plot, and one subsurface plot; both applications were at the maximum aquatic-use rate of 2.5 mg/L. Water, sediment, plants, fish, clams, and crayfish were all analyzed for residues, and water temperature, oxygen levels, pH, and conductivity were monitored. The half-life for aqueous-phase triclopyr ranged from 0.5 to 3.6 days, and the dissipation in surface and bottom waters was equivalent. The intermediate decay product of triclopyr, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP), had an observed aquatic half-life of less than 1 day. No accumulation of triclopyr or TCP on sediment was observed. The half-life of triclopyr metabolized by aquatic plants averaged 4 days. Fish species did not exhibit any bioconcentration of triclopyr or TCP, with only trace amounts of either compound found in fish tissue. Both clams and crayfish contained detectable residues of triclopyr. The elimination of triclopyr from clam tissue was more rapid, with an observed half-life of 1.5 days, vs 12 days for crayfish; retention of triclopyr in the crayfish carcass (carapace, chelopeds, and gills) may have been an important mechanism. There was no detectable decline in water quality in either treatment plot. ?? 1993 American Chemical Society.

  16. Observations on life cycle and feeding ecology of two recently introduced predatory beetle species at South Georgia, subAntarctic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Ernsting

    1993-01-01

    On South Georgia, two recently introduced species of predatory beetle,Oopterus soledadinus andTrechisibus antarcticus (Coleoptera, Carabidae), were studied in the period November 1991–April 1992. The study area comprised the coastal area around Stromness Bay, in particular the surroundings of the abandoned whaling station at Husvik. The study investigated the life cycle of both species and, forT. antarcticus, aspects of feeding. The

  17. The emerging HIV/AIDS epidemic in Georgia.

    PubMed

    Tkeshelashvili-Kessler, Alexander; del Rio, Carlos; Nelson, Kenrad; Tsertsvadze, Tergiz

    2005-01-01

    The first case of HIV in Georgia was diagnosed in 1989. Through December 2002, a total of 375 cases of HIV infection were reported. However, the World Health Organization estimates that the true number of infections may be closer to 1700. In all, 70% of reported cases are among injection drug users. Based on the UNAIDS classification, Georgia is a 'low-level HIV country' with an HIV prevalence of less than 1% in all groups, including drug users. However, there is a high prevalence of hepatitis B and C, suggesting a significant risk for the spread of HIV. Georgia, a newly independent republic, is experiencing an increase in injection drug use, a rise in sexually transmitted infections and commercial sex trade that create a fertile soil for the potential rapid spread of HIV. However, it is also a country with a unique window of opportunity for limiting the spread of HIV. PMID:15705276

  18. The Parent Stratum and Distribution of the Georgia Tektites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Povenmire, H.

    1985-12-01

    Seventy-six field expeditions for Georgia tektites have been made to the vicinity of Dodge County, Georgia in an effort to determine the parent formation and distribution pattern by locating new specimens. About 67 new specimens have been recovered; they represent about 9 percent of all known specimens. The primary area of distribution is a fan shaped area approximately 30 by 72 kilometers. It is likely that these tektites have been transported by water from the parent formation. No correlation could be found between size, shape, soil type, elevation and tektite location. Georgia tektites have previously been found only in strata much younger than their 34 m.y. radiometric age. Here, however, the parent formation is identified as the Tobacco Road Sand of this age.

  19. Hematozoa in the endangered wood stork from Georgia.

    PubMed

    Fedynich, A M; Bryan, A L; Harris, M J

    1998-01-01

    Thin blood smears of 75 wood storks (Mycteria americana) from Georgia (USA) were made during the summers of 1994-96 and examined for blood parasites. Haemoproteus crumenium was found in one of 71 juveniles and in two adults from a sample of two subadults and two adults. Intensity of infection in the juvenile and in each of the two adults was 11, 3, and 2 parasites/5,000 erythrocytes, respectively. This is the first record of H. crumenium in the wood stork from Georgia and the second published record of H. crumenium infecting this host in North America. Additionally, one juvenile was infected with a microfilarid. PMID:9476241

  20. Extreme drought-summary of hydrologic conditions in Georgia, 2012

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Knaak, Andrew E.; Peck, Michael F.

    2014-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Georgia Water Science Center (GaWSC) maintains a long-term hydrologic monitoring network of more than 330 real-time streamgages, including 10 real-time lake-level monitoring stations, 63 real-time water-quality monitors, and 48 water-quality sampling stations. Additionally, the GaWSC operates more than 180 groundwater monitoring wells, 42 of which are real-time. One of the many benefits from this monitoring network is that the data analyses provide a well distributed overview of the hydrologic conditions of creeks, rivers, reservoirs, and aquifers in Georgia.

  1. Extreme drought: summary of hydrologic conditions in Georgia, 2011

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Knaak, Andrew E.; Frantz, Eric R.; Peck, Michael F.

    2013-01-01

    The United States Geological Survey (USGS) Georgia Water Science Center (GaWSC) maintains a long-term hydrologic monitoring network of more than 320 realtime streamgages, including 10 real-time lake-level monitoring stations and 63 realtime water-quality monitors. Additionally, the GaWSC operates more than 180 groundwater wells, 35 of which are real-time. One of the many benefits from this monitoring network is that the data analyses provide an overview of the hydrologic conditions of rivers, creeks, reservoirs, and aquifers in Georgia.

  2. A new record of post-glacial sedimentation in a glacial trough, offshore sub-Antarctic South Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meisel, Ove; Graham, Alastair; Kuhn, Gerhard

    2014-05-01

    Past studies of South Georgia's climatic history were constrained to land-based sedimentary records, such as peat bogs and coastal lakes, or to terrestrial geomorphology, such as terminal moraines. Hence, the current state of knowledge on past climatic changes in South Georgia is characterised by a complete absence of records from sedimentary marine archives in the fjords or coastal embayments of the region. This study comprises detailed examination of one of the first marine sediment cores recovered on its northeastern shelf in Royal Bay Glacial Trough. Alongside the analysis of new acoustic sub-bottom data, it is the first work to deliver extensive insight into South Georgia's post-glacial climatic history from a marine perspective. The glacial troughs on the South Georgia shelf radiate from the coast towards the shelf edge and represent major sediment traps as they form the only key large-scale depressions in the shelf bathymetry. Sedimentary records, covering a period since at least the Last Glacial Maximum, are thought likely to be recorded in most of them. The sediment core of this study covers sedimentation dated from a maximum of 15,346 ± 492 cal. yr BP until the present day. Physical core parameters indicate a major change in climatic conditions around 14,000 cal. yr BP, the time of the Antarctic Cold Reversal. Holocene climate variabilities are also recorded in the trough infill. The acoustic data show a major change in sedimentation and a pronounced unconformity at the core site, which appears to have had a widespread effect over a large area of the shelf. The origin of the unconformity remains unclear, though several hypotheses, including bottom-current erosion, glacial overriding and earthquake activity, are proposed and discussed. Another important finding at the core site is the presence of methane-derived authigenic carbonates. They form either as secondary precipitates in the subsurface or syndepositional at the seafloor as individual minerals or sediment cements. The authigenic carbonates are linked to the widespread occurrence of cold methane seeps on the shelf which are visible today as zones of acoustic blanking and wipe-out structures in the sub-bottom profiles. These seeps are evidence of major biogenic productivity and carbon drawdown on the South Georgia shelf and the subsequent decay of organic matter. This finding is an important consideration for future studies as authigenic carbonate production and methane release have an impact on the isotopic composition of carbonate shells of marine organisms. Thus, radiocarbon ages recovered from the South Georgia shelf need to be examined critically and might require additional corrections.

  3. West Nile virus antibodies in avian species of Georgia, USA: 2000-2004.

    PubMed

    Gibbs, Samantha E J; Allison, Andrew B; Yabsley, Michael J; Mead, Daniel G; Wilcox, Benjamin R; Stallknecht, David E

    2006-01-01

    West Nile virus (WNV) was first isolated in the state of Georgia in the summer of 2001. As amplifying hosts of WNV, avian species play an important role in the distribution and epidemiology of the virus. The objective of this study was to identify avian species that are locally involved as potential amplifying hosts of WNV and can serve as indicators of WNV transmission over the physiographic and land use variation present in the southeastern United States. Avian serum samples (n=14,077) from 83 species of birds captured throughout Georgia during the summers of 2000-2004 were tested by a plaque reduction neutralization test for antibodies to WNV and St. Louis encephalitis virus. Over the 5-year period, WNV-neutralizing antibodies were detected in 869 (6.2%) samples. The WNV seroprevalence increased significantly throughout the study and was species dependent. The highest antibody prevalence rates were detected in rock pigeons (Columba livia), northern cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis), common ground doves (Columbina passerina), grey catbirds (Deumetella carolinensis), and northern mockingbirds (Mimus polyglottos). Northern cardinals, in addition to having high geometric mean antibody titers and seroprevalence rates, were commonly found in all land use types and physiographic regions. Rock pigeons, common ground doves, grey catbirds, and northern mockingbirds, although also having high seroprevalence rates and high antibody titers against WNV, were more restricted in their distribution and therefore may be of more utility when attempting to assess exposure rates in specific habitat types. Of all species tested, northern cardinals represent the best potential avian indicator species for widespread serologic-based studies of WNV throughout Georgia due to their extensive range, ease of capture, and high antibody rates and titers. Due to the large geographic area covered by this species, their utility as a WNV sentinel species may include most of the eastern United States. PMID:16584328

  4. Ecological investigation of a hazardous waste site, Warner Robins, Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Wade, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Billig, P. [Camp Dresser and McKee, Inc., Denver, CO (United States)

    1993-05-01

    Landfill No. 4 and the sludge lagoon at Robins Air Force Base, Warner Robins, Georgia, were added to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Priorities List in 1987 because of highpotential for contaminant migration. Warner Robins is located approximately 90 miles southeast of Atlanta. In 1990 CH2M HILL conducted a Remedial Investigation at the base that recommended that further ecological assessment investigations be conducted (CH2M HILL 1990). The subject paper is the result of this recommendation. The ecological study was carried out by the Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program (HAZWRAP)Division of Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., working jointly with its subcontractor CDM (CDM 1992a). The primary area of investigation (Zone 1) included the sludge lagoon, Landfill No. 4, the wetland area east of the landfill and west of Hannah Road (including two sewage treatment ponds), and the area between Hannah Road and Horse Creek (Fig. 1). The bottomland forest wetlands of Zone 1 extend from the landfill east to Horse Creek. Surface water and groundwater flow across Zone 1 is generally in an easterly direction toward Horse Creek. Horse Creek is a south-flowing tributary of the Ocmulgee River Floodplain. The objective of the study was to perform a quantitative analysis of ecological risk associated with the ecosystems present in Zone 1. This investigation was unique because the assessment was to be based upon many measurement endpoints resulting in both location-specific data and data that would assess the condition of the overall ecosystem. The study was segregated into five distinct field investigations: hydrology, surface water and sediment, aquatic biology, wetlands ecology, and wildlife biology.

  5. Geology and paleontology of five cores from Screven and Burke counties, eastern Georgia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Edwards, Lucy E.

    2001-01-01

    Five deep stratigraphic test holes were drilled from 1991 to 1993 in support of multidisciplinary investigations to determine the stratigraphy of Upper Cretaceous and Tertiary sediments of the coastal plain in east-central Georgia. Cored sediment and geological logs from the Millhaven test hole in Screven County and the Girard and Millers Pond test holes in Burke County are the primary sources of lithologic and paleontologic information from this report. Lithologic and paleontologic information from the Thompson Oak and McBean test holes in Burke County supplements the discussion of stratigraphy and sedimentation in the updip part of the study area near the Millers Pond test hole.

  6. Homicides of persons aged < or = 18 years--Fulton County, Georgia, 1988-1992.

    PubMed

    1994-04-15

    Homicide is a major cause of death among persons aged < or = 18 years in the United States; among black males aged 15-24 years, homicide is the leading cause of death. Most efforts to characterize homicide among persons aged < or = 18 years have used databases at the national level rather than at the state or local level or have been restricted in scope to specific types of homicides (e.g., gang-related homicide. This report summarizes an epidemiologic study of homicides that occurred among persons aged < or = 18 years in Fulton County (Atlanta), Georgia (1990 population: 648,951), from 1988 through 1992. PMID:8145718

  7. A Quantitative Examination of Grade Configuration and Achievement of Eighth-Grade Students in Georgia on the Mathematics and Reading Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Hannah

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this causal comparative study was to examine effect of the K-8 grade span configuration on the academic achievement of 8th-grade students in the State of Georgia, and to determine the viability of the K-8 grade configuration as a strategy for improving the academic achievement of students at the middle grade levels. This study

  8. The prevalence of dental caries among adult population of different regions of Georgia.

    PubMed

    Tsitaisvili, L; Margvelashvili, M; Kalandadze, M; Margvelasvili, V

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of dental caries in adult population of Georgia according to their regional distribution. The survey was carried out by pathfinder survey, based on cluster- stratified method derived by WHO. 2370 adults including 1289 women and 1081 men distributed in 4 age groups: I - 20-34 years, II - 35-44, III - 45-64, IV - 65+ years, the residents of the city, town and village in 9 regions of Georgia and the capital Tbilisi were examined. The assessment of dental status and oral hygiene was based on WHO-'s recommendation. (WHO 1997 'Oral Health Assessment Form') Examination was done under good natural light using a mouth mirror and an explorer. Questionnaires comprised questions for revealing the following risk-factors: social status and family income, existence of common diseases, people's attitude towards oral hygiene (tooth brushing, using dental floss) accessibility and acceptability of dental service, sugar consumption rate, tobacco use, consumption of dairy products. The study revealed the high prevalence of dental caries in Georgia's adult population (96-100%) Caries intensity and severity was seen as the highest in Mtskheta- Mtianeti - 13.26±5.97, Guria - 12.79±8.92, Samtskhe-Javakheti - 12.62±8.44, Shida Qartli - 12.03±7.22 and Achara - 12.23±7.89 regions, relatively lower in Tbilisi - 11.64±7.8; Qvemo Qartli - 10.96±7.07; Imereti - 10.79±7.63 Samegrelo - 10.54±7.95 and in Kakheti - 9.86±7.02. By the mean number of caries decayed teeth Mckheta-Mtianeti - 4.26±3.51, Samckhe-Javakheti - 3.52±3.51 and Imereti - 3.05±3.1 were distinguished. The mean number of caries missing teeth was noted to be highest in Guria - 5.49±7.42, Samckhe-Javakheti - 5.31±6.97 and Achara - 5.32±6.73. Mckheta-Mtianeti - 2.62±3.05, Shida Qartli - 2.39±2.8 and Tbilisi - 2.28±2.09 were the leading regions by the mean number of filled teeth, the lowest value of filled teeth variable was seen in Imereti - 0.67±1.39. In summary behavioral factors (unsatisfactory oral hygiene and less acceptability of dental service due to low medical educational background) play substantial role in occurrence and prevalence of dental caries among adult population of Georgia in all regions, though the financial problem seems to be a considerable contributor in caries prevalence. Reliable statistical data obtained in the study allowed to conclude that in spite of small differences in prevalence in different regions of Georgia dental caries is very widespread throughout the country (96-100%). It represents a major problem in Georgia and needs serious attention and preventive measures to be carried out to enhance peoples' referral to dental service and improve medical educational background of the population. PMID:25214266

  9. Tobacco Use and Nicotine Dependence among Conflict-Affected Men in the Republic of Georgia

    PubMed Central

    Roberts, Bayard; Chikovani, Ivdity; Makhashvili, Nino; Patel, Vikram; McKee, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Background: There is very little evidence globally on tobacco use and nicotine dependence among civilian populations affected by armed conflict, despite key vulnerability factors related to elevated mental disorders and socio-economic stressors. The study aim was to describe patterns of smoking and nicotine dependence among conflict-affected civilian men in the Republic of Georgia and associations with mental disorders. Methods: A cross-sectional household survey using multistage random sampling was conducted in late 2011 among conflict-affected populations in Georgia. Respondents included in this paper were 1,248 men aged ?18 years who were internally displaced persons (IDPs) and former IDPs who had returned in their home areas. Outcomes of current tobacco use, heavy use (?20 cigarettes per day), and nicotine dependence (using the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence) were used. PTSD, depression, anxiety and hazardous alcohol use were also measured, along with exposure to traumatic events and a range of demographic and socio-economic characteristics. Results: Of 1,248 men, 592 (47.4%) smoked and 70.9% of current smokers were heavy smokers. The mean nicotine dependence score was 5.0 and the proportion with high nicotine dependence (?6) was 41.4%. In multivariate regression analyses, nicotine dependence was significantly associated with PTSD (? 0.74) and depression (? 0.85), along with older age (except 65+ years), and being a returnee (compared to IDPs). Conclusions: The study reveals very high levels of heavy smoking and nicotine dependence among conflict-affected persons in Georgia. The associations between nicotine dependence, PTSD and depression suggest interventions could yield synergistic benefits. PMID:23759953

  10. NAME OR SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER CHANGE Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Weber, Rodney

    NAME OR SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER CHANGE Georgia Institute of Technology Registrar's Office, Atlanta: SOCIAL SECURITY CARD BIRTH CERTIFICATE DIVORCE DECREE MARRIAGE LICENSE COURT ORDERED NAME CHANGE DOCUMENT SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBERS WILL BE CHANGED ONLY BY SUBMITTING: ORIGINAL SOCIAL SECURITY CARD IN THE EVENT

  11. Ambient habitat noise and vibration at the Georgia Aquarium

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Michael T.

    Ambient habitat noise and vibration at the Georgia Aquarium P. M. Scheifele Department conditions and with performance sound tracks playing. Ambient sound pressure levels at in-pool locations, choice of structural material, and bottom type determines the ambient noise level of these captive

  12. EAARL topography-Potato Creek watershed, Georgia, 2010

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bonisteel-Cormier, J.M.; Nayegandhi, Amar; Fredericks, Xan; Jones, J.W.; Wright, C.W.; Brock, J.C.; Nagle, D.B.

    2011-01-01

    This DVD contains lidar-derived first-surface (FS) and bare-earth (BE) topography GIS datasets of a portion of the Potato Creek watershed in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River basin, Georgia. These datasets were acquired on February 27, 2010.

  13. Original_______ Revised _______ Home Unit________________________ GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Gray, Alexander

    declare the School of Chemistry and Biochemistry as their home unit are required to have at least threeOriginal_______ Revised _______ Home Unit________________________ Rev. 08/09 GEORGIA INSTITUTE.D. advisor should be a member of the home unit and also be a member of the CSE program faculty. Students who

  14. Selected Characteristics of Beginning Science and Mathematics Teachers in Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Jack Caldwell

    One hundred fifty-seven first year science and mathematics teachers were randomly selected from the population of beginning teachers in Georgia for the school years 1965-66 and 1966-67. Instruments used for data collection were the "Classroom Observation Record (COR),""Pupil Observation Survey (POSR),""Bills Index of Adjustment and Values…

  15. GEORGIA TECH BLACK ALUMNI ORGANIZATION Above: Kathy Harrison,

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    athlete, 1988. Right (l to r): Ralph Long Jr., Lawrence Williams, and Ford Greene, 1961. #12;CAMPAIGNGEORGIA TECH BLACK ALUMNI ORGANIZATION #12;Above: Kathy Harrison, Tech's first female All- American Emerita, Johnson C. Smith University #12;CAMPAIGN GEORGIA TECH A Record of Success Many groups

  16. "Creating A More Educated Georgia" www.usg.edu

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    smoke or use tobacco you will pay the additional surcharge of $50 per month. Tobacco use is classified as smoking tobacco in such forms as a cigarette, pipe or cigar, or using smokeless tobacco, such as snuff of tobacco users covered by the University System of Georgia's Health Care Plan. The elimination of tobacco

  17. The Georgia Psychoeducational Network (GPN) Research Report, 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swan, William W., Ed.; Brown, Carvin L., Ed.

    1988-01-01

    This research report contains seven papers on students with serious Emotional Disturbances (SED) and/or Severe Behavior Disorder (SBD) who participated in the Georgia Psychoeducational Network Program (GPN). "The 1982 Cohort of GPN Preschoolers--Where Are They in 1987-1988?" (Juanda Ponsell and others) reports the placement of 75 preschoolers with…

  18. Haymon-Morris Middle School: Keeping the Peace in Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Principal Leadership, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This article features Haymon-Morris Middle School in Winder, Georgia. This highly successful Title I middle school is tucked behind the high school in a rural area 50 miles northeast of Atlanta. The staff is dedicated to creating a culture where it is believed that a calm, serene school setting results in less stress for both students and staff…

  19. Stomach Bug Novovirus Alert Dear Georgia Southern Community

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Stomach Bug ­ Novovirus Alert Dear Georgia Southern Community: The "stomach bug", or norovirus resolved" recommendation that we sometimes give for other illnesses. "Stomach Bug" (common agents as the "stomach flu," and commonly referred to as the "stomach bug," circulates year-round, but typically peaks

  20. UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA LAMAR DODD SCHOOL OF ART

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA LAMAR DODD SCHOOL OF ART GOVERNANCE DOCUMENT Approved by a vote of the School of Art Faculty March, 2008 Approved by a vote of the School of Art Faculty April, 2012 #12;2 SCHOOL OF ART GOVERNANCE DOCUMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page I. Preamble

  1. An Evaluation of Proposed School Safety Indicators for Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Todd, Knox H.; Kellermann, Arthur L.; Wald, Marlena; Lipscomb, Leslie; Fajman, Nancy

    One of the tasks of the Council for School Performance is to implement measures of school safety to determine the impact of Georgia Lottery for Education expenditures. During the 1994-95 school year, the council pilot-tested several indicators of school safety. This document presents the results of an evaluation that examined the relevance,…

  2. School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Weber, Rodney

    School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Georgia Institute of Technology Strategic Plan March 1 opportunities. Vision The vision of the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences is: To lead in innovative research and educate the future leaders in earth and atmospheric sciences for the 21st century, within

  3. A Survey of Weeds in Various Crops in Georgia 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    THEODORE M. WEBSTER; GREGORY E. MACDONALD

    2001-01-01

    A survey of county extension agents was conducted in 1998 to determine the most troublesome weeds in corn, cotton, forages and pastures, peanut, small grains, soybean, tobacco, and vegetables in Georgia. The most troublesome weed statewide averaged over all crops was sicklepod. It was the most troublesome weed in cotton and soybean and among the four most troublesome weeds in

  4. Will-A-Way: Georgia's Unique Facility for the Handicapped.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Sharon E.

    1983-01-01

    Designed for the handicapped, Will-A-Way Recreation Area in Fort Yargo State Park at Winder (Georgia) contains a day use area, cottages, and a group camp. Accessibility features were incorporated in 17 design aspects, including flooring, windows, toilets, showers, walks, lighting, games, equipment, and the beach area and fishing bridge. (RW)

  5. TROPICAL SPIDERWORT IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL IN GEORGIA FIELD CROPS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Tropical spiderwort (Commelina benghalensis), also known as Benghal dayflower, is a noxiuous, exotic invasive weed that has become a serious pest in many Georgia agricultural areas. A native of tropical Asia and Africa, tropical spiderwort was first observed in the United States in 1928 and placed ...

  6. The Georgia Psychoeducational Network Research Consortium. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swan, William W.; And Others

    This final report describes a one-year research project on the characteristics of seriously emotionally disturbed (SED) and severely behaviorally disordered (SBD) students served by the Georgia Psychoeducational Program Network during 1984-1985 (n=5,008) and 1985-1986 (n=4,226), as well as characteristics of the 24 programs which served them.…

  7. Agriculture in Georgia Classrooms: Kindergarten through Second Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1987

    This curriculum resource guide is intended to assist K-2 teachers in Georgia in using updated agriculture content for teaching basic information about the importance of agriculture. The materials included have been selected to reinforce the following points: that the agricultural system is historically significant, basic to human needs,…

  8. University of Georgia Marine Institute Procedures and Guidelines

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    University of Georgia Marine Institute Procedures and Guidelines I want to bring a class or do reservations, collection permits and all regulatory operating procedures, as well as access to various in areas designated for visitors to the island. Parking near the ferry is reserved for residents

  9. University of Georgia Marine Institute Procedures and Guidelines

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    University of Georgia Marine Institute Procedures and Guidelines I want to bring a class or do. Mary manages boat reservations, collection permits and all regulatory operating procedures, as well the ferry is reserved for residents of the island. You may drive your vehicle to the dock for loading

  10. CONFIDENTIAL INDICATOR/NO PRINT INDICATOR Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Weber, Rodney

    CONFIDENTIAL INDICATOR/NO PRINT INDICATOR Georgia Institute of Technology Registrar's Office, Atlanta GA 30332-0315 Fax 404-894-0167 "CONFIDENTIAL" INDICATOR ­ (Option A) Checking the "Confidential records are "confidential" each time your record is viewed. Your name and associated information

  11. BIOGEOCHEMICAL INDICATORS OF ORGANIC WASTE CONTAMINATION IN GEORGIA PIEDMONT STREAMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    We monitored concentrations of nitrous oxide, methane, carbon dioxide, nutrients and other parameters (T, conductivity, dissolved oxygen, alkalinity, pH, DOC, DON, flow rate) in 17 headwater streams (watershed sizes from 0.5 to 3.4 km2) of the South Fork Broad River, Georgia wate...

  12. The Georgia State Program in Translation and Interpretation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coughlin, Josette M.

    1985-01-01

    Describes two certificate programs, one in translation, the other in conference interpretation, offered at Georgia State University. The translation program includes courses in Comparative Stylistics, Advanced General Translation, and Advanced Technical Translation. The interpretation program includes courses in Consecutive Interpretation and…

  13. Medically recommended cessation of employment among pregnant women in Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda M Frazier; Amanda L Golbeck; Leslie Lipscomb

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To ascertain the proportion of employed pregnant women who receive medical advice to stop working during pregnancy and to describe their characteristics.Methods: Data were analyzed from the Georgia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, a surveillance system that surveys new mothers about pregnancy risk factors, health behaviors, and birth-related outcomes. Employment during pregnancy was defined as work for pay for

  14. "Georgia Computes!": Improving the Entire Computing Education Pipeline

    E-print Network

    Guzdial, Mark

    achievement. The University System of Georgia's systemwide enrollment is 22.7% African American. Only 57-represented groups: 47.5% for African American students and 42.4% for Hispanic students [5]. -teens have already made up their minds about how boring computer science is and how the typical programmer

  15. Georgia Institute of Technology School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    E-print Network

    Leach Jr.,W. Marshall

    Georgia Institute of Technology School of Electrical and Computer Engineering ECE 4435 Op Amp into pink noise would to be to drive the impedance with a current source. The Howland current pump. The textbook never mentions this very undesirable feature. The only current source circuit in the book which

  16. Georgia Institute of Technology School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    E-print Network

    Leach Jr.,W. Marshall

    current source circuit in the book which will drive a grounded load that doesn't have the undesirableGeorgia Institute of Technology School of Electrical and Computer Engineering ECE 4435 Op Amp the desired impedance. One way to convert the white noise into pink noise would to be to drive the impedance

  17. Nutrition Education Module Appeals to Students at Georgia State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kicklighter, Jana; Jonnalagadda, Satya S.; McClendon, Jamie; Hopkins, Barbara L.

    2005-01-01

    This article describes the development and evaluation of a nutrition education module, "Nutrition Survival Skills," for freshmen students at a large urban university. Students' perceptions of the module, presented by five nutrition graduate students as part of Freshmen Learning Communities (FLCs) and Georgia State University (GSU) 1010, New…

  18. MMaassss FFaattaalliittyy PPllaann {insert county name} County, Georgia

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    (ESF) #8: Public Health and Medical Services. Prior to 2010, the Georgia Emergency Operations Plan (GEOP) listed fatality management as the responsibility of ESF13, with Public Health assisting to Public Health for coordinating this effort. As a result, Public Health has taken the lead

  19. The Railway Traveling Salesman Problem Georgia Hadjicharalambous1

    E-print Network

    Zaroliagis, Christos D.

    The Railway Traveling Salesman Problem Georgia Hadjicharalambous1 , Petrica Pop1 , Evangelia Pyrga1 {hadjicha,ppop,pirga,tsaggour,zaro}@ceid.upatras.gr Abstract. We consider the Railway Traveling Salesman Problem (RTSP) in which a salesman using the railway network wishes to visit a certain number of cities

  20. Georgia State University Fact Book, 1979-1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Glynton, Ed.

    Information on subjects of interest to staff, students, faculty, and friends of the Georgia State University is presented. Twelve chapters provide: (1) general information, such as a brief history, a statement of purpose and an overview of the university system of the state; (2) administration, including an administrative organizational chart; (3)…

  1. Georgia Institute of Technology School of Aerospace Engineering

    E-print Network

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    Eric Feron Georgia Institute of Technology School of Aerospace Engineering Towards formal validation of aerospace systems Fri. Sept. 13, 2013 GHC 6501 1:30 PM ABSTRACT Aerospace systems consist aerospace functions and human elements. BIO Eric Feron is Dutton-Ducoffe Professor of Aerospace Software

  2. The University of Georgia School of Forestry and Natural Resources

    E-print Network

    Hall, Daniel

    The University of Georgia School of Forestry and Natural Resources Master of Forest Resources and Master of Natural Resources Checklist Rev. 7/21/2010 Requirements Deadline Appointment of Advisory in Forestry and Natural Resources (FANR 9200) is recommended, but optional at the discretion of the Advisory

  3. EcoCAR Challenge Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Houston, Paul L.

    overview - Available hands-on engineering projects and benefits of involvement A-1.2 Appendix ­ Social/24/2010 Georgia Tech Fine Tunes its Text ­ Technical #12;5 · Other Social Media timetable example ­ External Blogs students and faculty - Benefits of AFV and Alternative Technology Vehicles - Availability of AFV

  4. Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia eTIME® Employee User Guide Project View Time in the bucket, a message will be displayed to you when you try to enter the time on the time sheet. For example to the Board of Regents Policy (802.07.02 SICK LEAVE WITH PAY) regarding Sick Leave. This policy can be viewed

  5. URBAN/INDUSTRIAL LAND PRIVATIZATION The Republic of Georgia

    E-print Network

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    1 URBAN/INDUSTRIAL LAND PRIVATIZATION The Republic of Georgia 1 October 1997 to 30 September 1998 I efforts to privatize urban/industrial land, especially the land under and adjacent to the privatized-term business planning and investment, and creates a source of collateral highly preferred by creditors

  6. Internet Usage at Elementary, Middle and High Schools: A First Look at K-12 Traffic from Two US Georgia Counties

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Miller; Warren Matthews; Constantine Dovrolis

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a Earlier Internet traffic analysis studies have focused on enterprises [1,6], backbone networks [2,3], universities [5,7],\\u000a or residential traffic [4]. However, much less is known about Internet usage in the K-12 educational system (elementary, middle\\u000a and high schools). In this paper, we present a first analysis of network traffic captured at two K-12 districts in the US\\u000a state of Georgia, also

  7. Georgia-Pacific Palatka Plant Uses Thermal Pinch Analysis and Evaluates Water Reduction in Plant-Wide Energy Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2002-12-01

    This OIT BestPractices Case Study describes the methods and results used in a plant-wide assessment at a Georgia-Pacific paper mill in Palatka, FL. Assessment personnel recommended several projects, which, if implemented, have the potential to save the plant more than 729,000 MMBtu per year and$2.9 million per year. In addition, the plant could reduce water use by 2,100 gallons per minute.

  8. Water-supply potential of the Upper Floridan aquifer in the vicinity of Savannah, Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Garza, R.; Krause, R.E. (Geological Survey, Atlanta, GA (United States))

    1993-03-01

    The Upper Floridan aquifer is the primary source of freshwater in coastal Georgia. Groundwater withdrawal in the area of Savannah and in the adjacent coastal areas in Georgia and South Carolina has resulted in large regional water-level declines and a reversal of the hydraulic gradient that existed prior to development. Changes in gradient and decreasing water levels are causing lateral encroachment of seawater into the Upper Floridan aquifer at the northern end of Hilton Head Island, SC, and vertical intrusion of saltwater into the Upper and Lower Floridan aquifers in the Brunswick, GA., area. Concerns about future water-supply demands prompted the US Geological Survey and the Chatham County-Savannah Metropolitan Planning Commission to undertake a cooperative study to evaluate the ground-water resources in the Savannah, GA, area. A numerical ground-water flow model was developed and used in conjunction with other previously calibrated models in the coastal areas of Georgia and South Carolina to simulate the effects of additional ground-water withdrawal on water levels. Based on model simulations and the constraint of preventing additional water-level declines at the locations of encroachment and intrusion, the potential of the Upper Floridan aquifer to supply additional water in the Savannah area is limited under present hydrologic conditions. The potential for additional withdrawal in the vicinity of Savannah, GA, ranges from less than 1 million gallons per day (Mgal/d) to about 5 Mgal/d. Because of the limited water-supply potential, hypothetical alternatives of ground-water withdrawal were simulated to determine the effects on water levels. These simulations indicate that reduction and redistribution of ground-water withdrawal would not adversely affect water levels at the locations of encroachment and intrusion.

  9. Attitudes towards smoking restrictions and tobacco advertisement bans in Georgia

    PubMed Central

    Bakhturidze, George D; Mittelmark, Maurice B; Aarø, Leif E; Peikrishvili, Nana T

    2013-01-01

    Objectives This study aims to provide data on a public level of support for restricting smoking in public places and banning tobacco advertisements. Design A nationally representative multistage sampling design, with sampling strata defined by region (sampling quotas proportional to size) and substrata defined by urban/rural and mountainous/lowland settlement, within which census enumeration districts were randomly sampled, within which households were randomly sampled, within which a randomly selected respondent was interviewed. Setting The country of Georgia, population 4.7 million, located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Participants One household member aged between 13 and 70 was selected as interviewee. In households with more than one age-eligible person, selection was carried out at random. Of 1588 persons selected, 14 refused to participate and interviews were conducted with 915 women and 659 men. Outcome measures Respondents were interviewed about their level of agreement with eight possible smoking restrictions/bans, used to calculate a single dichotomous (agree/do not agree) opinion indicator. The level of agreement with restrictions was analysed in bivariate and multivariate analyses by age, gender, education, income and tobacco use status. Results Overall, 84.9% of respondents indicated support for smoking restrictions and tobacco advertisement bans. In all demographic segments, including tobacco users, the majority of respondents indicated agreement with restrictions, ranging from a low of 51% in the 13–25 age group to a high of 98% in the 56–70 age group. Logistic regression with all demographic variables entered showed that agreement with restrictions was higher with age, and was significantly higher among never smokers as compared to daily smokers. Conclusions Georgian public opinion is normatively supportive of more stringent tobacco-control measures in the form of smoking restrictions and tobacco advertisement bans. PMID:24282242

  10. Microbiological quality of packaged ice from various sources in Georgia.

    PubMed

    Mako, Stephanie L; Harrison, Mark A; Sharma, Vijendra; Kong, Fanbin

    2014-09-01

    This study determined the microbiological and chemical quality of ice produced and bagged on premises in retail establishments and in free-standing self-service ice vending machines in the state of Georgia and compared the results with that from ice produced by manufacturing companies monitored by the International Packaged Ice Association. Two hundred fifty bags of packaged ice samples were obtained from retail locations and self-service ice vending machines, along with 25 bags of packaged manufactured ice. Ice samples were melted within 24 h of collection and heterotrophic plate count SimPlates were used to detect heterotrophic bacteria present. Colisure and Enterolert assays were used to enumerate coliforms, nonpathogenic Escherichia coli, and enterococci. Membrane filtration coupled with enrichment was used to detect Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes. Confirmation tests were done for presumptive-positive pathogens. None of the manufactured ice had unacceptable microbial levels. Six percent of the ice samples bagged at retail sites and from ice vending machines contained unsatisfactory levels of heterotrophs compared with the limits set by the International Packaged Ice Association (? 500 most probable number [MPN]/100 ml). Thirty-seven percent of these samples contained an unsatisfactory level of coliforms (? 1.0 MPN/100 ml), 1% contained nonpathogenic E. coli, and 13% contained enterococci (? 1.0 MPN/100 ml). One sample tested positive for the presence of Salmonella and another tested positive for Enterobacter agglomerans. Ninety-five samples of packaged ice from retail establishments and vending machines (38%) had pH levels outside the acceptable range that can affect product flavor. Turbidity of three samples exceeded the acceptable level. No samples had unacceptable nitrate levels. Manufactured ice had better microbiological and chemical quality than ice packaged on the premises of retail locations and from self-serve ice vending machines. PMID:25198846

  11. Hydrocarbon geochemistry of the strait of Georgia: Modification of a Fraser River dominated regime by ocean dumping

    SciTech Connect

    Yunker, M.B.; Macdonald, R.W.; Paton, D. [Inst. of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, British Columbia (Canada)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    Despite the presence of Canada`s third largest city and of the largest river reaching the west coast of Canada, the study of the environmental and geochemical aspects of hydrocarbon distributions in the lower Fraser River and adjacent Strait of Georgia has not progressed beyond the cataloguing of environmental concentrations. Hence hydrocarbon distributions in the lower Fraser River are only poorly understood and very little is known about either the role that the Fraser River plays in defining the hydrocarbon geochemistry of the Strait of Georgia or how hydrocarbon distributions in the strait are being modified by shipping or dredging activities associated with the port of Vancouver. This report describes the results of analysis from sediments and particulate samples.

  12. Geochronologic evidence for a possible MIS-11 emergent barrier/beach-ridge in southeastern Georgia, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Markewich, H.W.; Pavich, M.J.; Schultz, A.P.; Mahan, S.A.; Aleman-Gonzalez, W. B.; Bierman, P.R.

    2013-01-01

    Predominantly clastic, off-lapping, transgressive, near-shore marine sediment packages that are morphologically expressed as subparallel NE-trending barriers, beach ridges, and associated back-barrier areas, characterize the near-surface stratigraphic section between the Savannah and the Ogeechee Rivers in Effingham County, southeastern Georgia. Each barrier/back-barrier (shoreline) complex is lower than and cut into a higher/older complex. Each barrier or shoreline complex overlies Miocene strata. No direct age data are available for these deposits. Previous researchers have disagreed on their age and provenance. Using luminescence and meteoric beryllium-10 (10Be) inventory analyses, we estimated a minimum age for the largest, westernmost, morphologically identifiable, and topographically-highest, barrier/beach-ridge (the Wicomico shoreline barrier) and constrained the age of a suite of younger barrier/beach-ridges that lie adjacent and seaward of the Wicomico shoreline barrier. At the study site, the near-shore marine/estuarine deposits underlying the Wicomico shoreline barrier are overlain by eolian sand and an intervening zone-of-mixing. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) data indicate ages of ?43 ka for the eolian sand and 116 ka for the zone-of-mixing. Meteoric 10Be and pedostratigraphic data indicate minimum residence times of 33.4 ka for the eolian sand, 80.6 ka for the zone-of-mixing, and 247 ka for the paleosol. The combined OSL and 10Be age data indicate that, at this locality, the barrier/beach ridge has a minimum age of about 360 ka. This age for the Wicomico shoreline-barrier deposit is the first for any Pleistocene near-shore marine/estuarine deposit in southeast Georgia that is conclusively older than 80 ka. The 360-ka minimum age is in agreement with other geochronologic data for near-coastline deposits in Georgia and South Carolina. The geomorphic position of this barrier/beach-ridge is similar to deposits in South Carolina considered to be ~450 ka to >1 Ma. The age and geomorphic data for Georgia and South Carolina possibly suggest the presence of MIS-11 (~420?360 ka) shoreline deposits between 15 m and 28 m above present sea level in the Southeastern Atlantic Coastal Plain.

  13. Resistance of Benghal Dayflower (Commelina benghalensis) Seeds to Harsh Environments and the Implications for Dispersal by Mourning Doves (Zenaida macroura) in Georgia, U.S.A.

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The potential dispersal of Benghal dayflower seeds by mourning doves was studied in southern Georgia, U.S.A. The gut contents (both crop and gizzard) of mourning doves harvested in the autumn months were investigated to determine if mourning doves fed on Benghal dayflower and whether seeds can surv...

  14. The Impact of a Freshman Academy on Science Performance of First-Time Ninth-Grade Students at One Georgia High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Vivian Summerour

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this within-group experimental study was to find out to what extent ninth-grade students improved their science performance beyond their middle school science performance at one Georgia high school utilizing a freshman academy model. Freshman academies have been recognized as a useful tool for increasing academic performance among…

  15. Student Perspectives of the Graduation Coach's Ethic of Care on the Dropout Epidemic in a Middle Georgia Alternative High School of Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burger, Kimberly R.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine the influence of the graduation coach's ethic of care on potential dropouts (at risk high school seniors) in a Georgia alternative high school. Based on Maslow's hierarchy of needs, the objective of this research was to identify if the graduation coach's ethic of care had an influence on…

  16. The Georgia 8th Grade Mathematics CRCT as a Crystal Ball: The Usability of a Test to Predict Students' Futures on the Math 1 EOCT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitby, Sarah Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    To help teachers improve their efficiency and effectiveness, this dissertation study uses regression analysis to assess two middle Georgia counties' CRCT and Math 1 EOCT data in order to determine the usability of the CRCT to enhance instruction in Math 1. Data were collected from the 2009 and 2010 CRCT administrations and the 2010 and 2011…

  17. Evidence of Local Persistence of Human Anthrax in the Country of Georgia Associated with Environmental and Anthropogenic Factors

    PubMed Central

    Kracalik, Ian T.; Malania, Lile; Tsertsvadze, Nikoloz; Manvelyan, Julietta; Bakanidze, Lela; Imnadze, Paata; Tsanava, Shota; Blackburn, Jason K.

    2013-01-01

    Background Anthrax is a soil-borne disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis and is considered a neglected zoonosis. In the country of Georgia, recent reports have indicated an increase in the incidence of human anthrax. Identifying sub-national areas of increased risk may help direct appropriate public health control measures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the spatial distribution of human anthrax and identify environmental/anthropogenic factors associated with persistent clusters. Methods/Findings A database of human cutaneous anthrax in Georgia during the period 2000–2009 was constructed using a geographic information system (GIS) with case data recorded to the community location. The spatial scan statistic was used to identify persistence of human cutaneous anthrax. Risk factors related to clusters of persistence were modeled using a multivariate logistic regression. Areas of persistence were identified in the southeastern part of the country. Results indicated that the persistence of human cutaneous anthrax showed a strong positive association with soil pH and urban areas. Conclusions/Significance Anthrax represents a persistent threat to public and veterinary health in Georgia. The findings here showed that the local level heterogeneity in the persistence of human cutaneous anthrax necessitates directed interventions to mitigate the disease. High risk areas identified in this study can be targeted for public health control measures such as farmer education and livestock vaccination campaigns. PMID:24040426

  18. Hydrogeology and Potentiometric Surface of the Dublin and Midville Aquifer Systems in Richmond County, Georgia, January 2007

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Williams, Lester J.

    2007-01-01

    INTRODUCTION The Dublin and Midville aquifer systems are part of the Cretaceous aquifer system that underlies most of Richmond County, Georgia (Gorday, 1985; Falls and others, 1997). The Cretaceous aquifer system is the second most productive aquifer in Georgia and is a major source of water in the region. About 220 million gallons per day (Mgal/d) of water was withdrawn from the Cretaceous aquifer system during 2000 in Georgia (Fanning, 2003). The Augusta-Richmond County Water System is the largest public water supplier in the county and withdrew 13 Mgal/d of ground water during 2000; withdrawals decreased from 2001 to 2005. The towns of Hephzibah and Blythe withdrew 0.4 and 0.03 Mgal/d, respectively. Industrial ground-water withdrawals are concentrated along the Savannah River and totaled 2.89 Mgal/d. To monitor seasonal and long-term water-level fluctuations and trends in the aquifers, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) - in cooperation with Augusta Utilities - maintains a countywide network of about 100 water-level monitoring wells in various aquifers, including a new continuous monitoring site (well 30AA33) and two existing USGS-Georgia Environmental Protection Division network sites (wells 29AA09 and 30AA04). Data compiled during this study were used to better define the hydrogeologic units and to construct an updated potentiometric-surface map for the area, which is used to better understand ground-water movement in the Cretaceous aquifer system. In addition, the potentiometric surface and related water-level data can be used for water-resource planning and to update ground-water flow models for the region (Clarke and West, 1997; Cherry, 2006).

  19. ECE3055 Summer 2005 Prof. H.-H. S. Lee Georgia Tech Page 1 of 5

    E-print Network

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

    ECE3055 Summer 2005 Prof. H.-H. S. Lee Georgia Tech Page 1 of 5 ECE3055A Summer 2005 Computer3055 Summer 2005 Prof. H.-H. S. Lee Georgia Tech Page 2 of 5 2. Multi-cycle vs. pipelined machine. (203055 Summer 2005 Prof. H.-H. S. Lee Georgia Tech Page 3 of 5 3. Multi-cycle data path (30%) Given

  20. PTK2 rs7460 and rs7843014 polymorphisms and exceptional longevity: a functional replication study.

    PubMed

    Garatachea, Nuria; Fuku, Noriyuki; He, Zi-Hong; Tian, Ye; Arai, Yasumichi; Abe, Yukiko; Murakami, Haruka; Miyachi, Motohiko; Yvert, Thomas; Venturini, Letizia; Santiago, Catalina; Santos-Lozano, Alejandro; Rodríguez, Gabriel; Ricevuti, Giovanni; Pareja-Galeano, Helios; Sanchis-Gomar, Fabian; Emanuele, Enzo; Hirose, Nobuyoshi; Lucia, Alejandro

    2014-10-01

    Focal adhesion is critical for cell survival. The focal adhesion kinase (FAK, or PTK2) is an important component of the human interactome and thus is a potential longevity-related protein. Here we studied the association between two PTK2 gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs7843014, rs7460) and exceptional longevity (EL). In addition to gaining insight into their functionality by determining luciferase gene reporter activity, we studied the genotype/allele frequency of these two SNPs among three different cohorts: (1) Spanish centenarians (n=175, 100-111 years, 144 women) and healthy controls (n=355, 20-50 years, 284 women); (2) Italian centenarians (n=79, 100-104 years, 40 women) and controls (n=316, 29-50 years, 156 women); and (3) Japanese centenarians (n=742, 100-116 years, 623 women) and healthy controls (n=499, 23-59 years, 356 women). Both SNPs had functional significance, with the A allele up-regulating luciferase activity compared to the other allele (rs7460 T allele and rs7843014 C allele, respectively). The A allele of both SNPs was negatively associated with EL in the Spanish cohort (rs7460, odds ratio [OR] adjusted by sex=0.40, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 0.3, 0.6, p<0.001); rs7843014, OR=0.37, 95% CI 0.3, 0.5, p<0.001). The OR of being a centenarian if having the rs7460-TT genotype was 6.68 (95% CI 4.1, 10.8, p<0.001). The rs7843014 CC genotype was also positively associated with EL (OR=7.58, 95% CI 4.6, 12.3, p<0.001]. No association was, however, found for the Italian or Japanese cohorts. Thus, two genotypes of the FAK gene, rs7460 TT and rs7843014 CC, are possibly associated with lower gene expression and might favor the likelihood of reaching EL in the Spanish population. Further research is needed to unveil the mechanisms by which FAK expression could perhaps influence the rate of aging. PMID:24930376

  1. Directional Analysis of Sub-Antarctic Climate Change on South Georgia 1905-2009

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakamoto Ferranti, Emma Jayne; Solera Garcia, Maria Angeles; Timmis, Roger James; Gerrard McKenna, Paul; Whyatt, James Duncan

    2010-05-01

    Directional analysis has been used to study changes in the sub-polar climate of the mountainous and glacierised sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia (54-55°S, 36-38°W). Significantly for climate change studies, South Georgia lies in the Scotia Sea between polar and temperate latitudes, and approximately 1000 km northeast and downwind of the Antarctic Peninsula - one of the fastest-warming regions on Earth (Vaughan et al., 2001). South Georgia was chosen for directional analysis because its climate is substantially advected by predominantly westerly circulations, and because it has a long (since 1905) meteorological record from King Edward Point (KEP) on its eastern side. Additional shorter records from Bird Island at the northwest tip of South Georgia allow comparison between windward (Bird Island) and leeward (KEP) climate regimes. The variation of mountain barrier heights with direction from KEP allows climate changes to be studied under different amounts of orographic influence (from ~700 m to ~2200 m). Records of glacier advance and retreat provide further independent evidence of climate change for comparison with the meteorological record. Directional climate analysis is based on a series of monthly-mean pressure fields defining the orientation and strength of synoptic-scale air-mass advection over the Scotia Sea. These fields are used to define directional climatologies for six 30° sectors with bearings from 150-180° to 300-330°; these sectors encompass 99% of recorded months since 1905. The climatologies summarise the frequencies of air masses from each sector, and the accompanying temperatures and precipitation. The 6 sectors can be broadly associated with 4 air-mass types and source regions: (i) sectors 150-210° advect cold polar maritime air that originated over the Antarctic continent before passing over the Weddell Sea, (ii) sectors 210-270° advect warmer, more stable polar maritime air from the Bellingshausen Sea/Antarctic Peninsula region, (iii) sector 270-300° has warmer, drier returning polar maritime circulated from the Bellingshausen Sea and across the Andes, and (iv) sector 300-330° has warm, humid tropical maritime air from the South Atlantic High. Detailed climatologies are compared for 4 distinct time periods covering: glacier advance (1920-1951), glacier retreat (1951-82), the latest decade (2000-2009), and a reference period (1905-1982). The comparisons show how climate changes between periods are composed of alterations in (i) air-mass frequency from different sectors, and (ii) temperature and precipitation within sectors. The ability of directional analysis to explain climate-change processes is confirmed by comparing directional results for the periods of glacier advance and glacier retreat. Specifically, during the ‘advance' period the air masses came 20% more frequently from the 4 colder, southerly sectors and correspondingly less frequently from the 2 warmer, northerly sectors. Moreover, the temperature of air coming from each sector was 0.1-0.8°C cooler than during the ‘retreat' period. Further directional analysis will compare records from the latest decade with previous periods to investigate recent sub-polar climate change, and particularly any advected warming from the Antarctic Peninsula. Directional analysis and advection climatologies can be used to test climate model performance and to examine atmospheric processes under changing climates. Previous directional analyses in an upland region of northwest England have detected changes in its mid-latitude temperate climate that were masked by directionally unsorted data (Malby et al., 2007, Ferranti et al., 2009); the South Georgia study now shows how similar methods can give insights into sub-polar climate change. FERRANTI, E. J. S., WHYATT, J. D. & TIMMIS, R. J. (2009) Development and application of topographic descriptors for conditional analysis of rainfall. Atmospheric Science Letters, 10, 177-184. MALBY, A. R., WHYATT, J. D., TIMMIS, R. J., WILBY, R. L. & ORR, H. G. (2007) Long-term variations in orographic r

  2. Estimating flood magnitude and frequency for urban and small, rural streams in Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina, 2011

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Feaster, Toby D.; Gotvald, Anthony J.; Weaver, J. Curtis

    2014-01-01

    Reliable estimates of the magnitude and frequency of floods are essential for the design of transportation and water-conveyance structures, flood insurance studies, and flood-plain management. Flood-frequency estimates are particularly important in densely populated urban areas. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) used a multistate approach to update methods for determining the magnitude and frequency of floods in urban and small, rural streams that are not substantially affected by regulation or tidal fluctuations in Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina (Feaster and others, 2014). The multistate approach has the advantage over a single state approach of increasing the number of streamflow-gaging station (streamgages) available for analysis, expanding the geographical coverage that would allow for application of regional regression equations across state boundaries, and building on a previous flood-frequency investigation of rural streamgages in the Southeastern United States. This investigation was funded as part of a cooperative program of water-resources investigations between the USGS, the South Carolina Department of Transportation, and the North Carolina Department of Transportation. In addition, much of the data and information for the Georgia streamgages was funded through a similar cooperative program with the Georgia Department of Transportation.

  3. Entanglement of Antarctic fur seals at Bird Island, South Georgia.

    PubMed

    Waluda, Claire M; Staniland, Iain J

    2013-09-15

    Between November 1989 and March 2013, 1033 Antarctic fur seals Arctocephalus gazella were observed entangled in marine debris at Bird Island, South Georgia. The majority of entanglements involved plastic packaging bands (43%), synthetic line (25%) or fishing net (17%). Juvenile male seals were the most commonly entangled (44%). A piecewise regression analysis showed that a single breakpoint at 1994 gave the best description of inter-annual variability in the data, with higher levels of entanglements prior to 1994 (mean=110±28) followed by persistent lower levels (mean=28±4). Records of entanglements from other sites monitored in the Scotia Sea are also presented. Legislation imposed by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) has, to a certain extent, been effective, but persistent low levels of seal entanglements are still a cause for concern at South Georgia. PMID:23915979

  4. Mental disorders and their association with disability among internally displaced persons and returnees in Georgia.

    PubMed

    Makhashvili, Nino; Chikovani, Ivdity; McKee, Martin; Bisson, Jonathan; Patel, Vikram; Roberts, Bayard

    2014-10-01

    There remains limited evidence on comorbidity of mental disorders among conflict-affected civilians, particularly internally displaced persons (IDPs) and former IDPs who have returned to their home areas (returnees). The study aim was to compare patterns of mental disorders and their influence on disability between IDPs and returnees in the Republic of Georgia. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted with adult IDPs from the conflicts in the 1990s, the 2008 conflict, and returnees. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and disability were measured using cut scores on Trauma Screening Questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire 9, Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7, and the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0. Among the 3,025 respondents, the probable prevalence of PTSD, depression, anxiety, and comorbidity (>1 condition) was 23.3%, 14.0%, 10.4%, 12.4%, respectively. Pearson correlation coefficients (p < .001) were .40 (PTSD with depression), .38 (PTSD with anxiety), and .52 (depression with anxiety). Characteristics associated with mental disorders in regression analyses included displacement (particularly longer-term), cumulative trauma exposure, female gender, older age, poor community conditions, and bad household economic situation; coefficients ranged from 1.50 to 3.79. PTSD, depression, anxiety, and comorbidity were associated with increases in disability of 6.4%, 9.7%, 6.3%, and 15.9%, respectively. A high burden of psychiatric symptoms and disability persist among conflict-affected persons in Georgia. PMID:25322880

  5. Predictors of suicide ideation and risk for HIV among juvenile offenders in Georgia.

    PubMed

    Stephens, Torrance; Holliday, Rhonda C

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine self-reported thoughts of suicide, HIV risk behaviors and history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in a sample of adolescent juvenile offenders in Georgia. Participants were 2260 juvenile offenders housed at selected youth development campuses (YDCs) in the state of Georgia. Self-reported measures of suicide ideation, HIV risk, and past occurrence of STIs were collected. Significance tests were conducted using univariate logistic regressions to examine the independent associations of lifetime self-reported thoughts of suicide and dichotomized HIV risk behaviour correlates prior to incarceration. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were presented. Significant differences were observed between juveniles in several factors for increased risk, including having been previously incarcerated (p<0.04), having had more than five alcoholic drinks in the same day (p<0.007), and having performed oral sex (p<0.028). We suggest that interventions for juvenile offenders that report thoughts of suicide, and that focus on HIV risk reduction should be developed based on the consideration of targeting factors that increase risk to specific STIs. PMID:24501155

  6. Managing soil nutrients with compost in organic farms of East Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghambashidze, Giorgi

    2013-04-01

    Soil Fertility management in organic farming relies on a long-term integrated approach rather than the more short-term very targeted solutions common in conventional agriculture. Increasing soil organic matter content through the addition of organic amendments has proven to be a valuable practice for maintaining or restoring soil quality. Organic agriculture relies greatly on building soil organic matter with compost typically replacing inorganic fertilizers and animal manure as the fertility source of choice. In Georgia, more and more attention is paid to the development of organic farming, occupying less than 1% of total agricultural land of the country. Due to increased interest towards organic production the question about soil amendments is arising with special focus on organic fertilizers as basic nutrient supply sources under organic management practice. In the frame of current research two different types of compost was prepared and their nutritional value was studied. The one was prepared from organic fraction municipal solid waste and another one using fruit processing residues. In addition to main nutritional properties both composts were tested on heavy metals content, as one of the main quality parameter. The results have shown that concentration of main nutrient is higher in municipal solid waste compost, but it contains also more heavy metals, which is not allowed in organic farming system. Fruit processing residue compost also has lower pH value and is lower in total salt content being is more acceptable for soil in lowlands of East Georgia, mainly characterised by alkaline reaction. .

  7. On the interannual variability of ocean temperatures around South Georgia, Southern Ocean: Forcing by El Niño/Southern Oscillation and the Southern Annular Mode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meredith, Michael P.; Murphy, Eugene J.; Hawker, Elizabeth J.; King, John C.; Wallace, Margaret I.

    2008-09-01

    The ocean around South Georgia, in the southwest Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, is highly productive, with large stocks of Antarctic krill supporting extensive colonies of marine- and land-based predators. The operation of this ecosystem is strongly influenced by physical forcings, and the role of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon has been highlighted previously. Here we examine in detail the transmission of ENSO signals to South Georgia, and investigate other sources of interannual variability. ENSO variability generates anomalies in sea-surface temperature (SST) across the South Pacific via atmospheric teleconnections. These anomalies are advected toward South Georgia within the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), and previous studies have focussed on long-period advection (order of 2-3 years) from the southwest Pacific. We observe here, however, that the region close to the Antarctic Peninsula in the southeast Pacific is especially susceptible to ENSO forcing via anomalous meridional winds; this induces SST anomalies that are advected to South Georgia on a much more rapid timescale (order 5-6 months). The phasing of these teleconnections is such that anomalies that reach the southeast Pacific from farther west tend to be reinforced here by air-sea-ice interaction. We also find an important role for the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) in determining SST variability at South Georgia. This is a circumpolar mode of climate variability, and thus can readily influence local SST at South Georgia directly. The SAM is, however, not perfectly zonally symmetric, and (like ENSO) has a particular impact on meridional winds in the southeast Pacific. The average timescale for SAM influence on South Georgia SST is shorter than that of ENSO, since it includes a stronger component of direct local forcing. The South Georgia ecosystem is not self-sustaining, with import of krill from breeding and nursery grounds upstream in the ACC being important. We speculate here that these varying meridional winds close to the Antarctic Peninsula play a direct role in promoting/restricting the injection of shelf waters (and the krill therein) into the ACC, following which anomalies in krill density would be advected toward South Georgia. This offers a dynamical mechanism that might contribute to interannual changes in biological communities at South Georgia, in addition to existing theories. Both SAM and ENSO have shown long-period changes in recent decades, with ENSO exhibiting a higher preponderance of El Niño events compared with La Niña events, and the SAM showing a marked trend toward a higher index state. Such long-period behaviour is likely to induce changes in the South Georgia ecosystem via their impacts on advection and SST, for which an understanding of the physical mechanisms elucidated here will be key to unravelling.

  8. Rare, Endangered, and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Asieshvili, L.

    Because of its large number of endemic species and rapid rate of habitat destruction, the Republic of Georgia is a biodiversity hot spot. In collaboration with the Missouri Botanical Garden, the Institute of Botany and the Botanical Garden of the Georgian Academy of Sciences has compiled this list of 1200 at-risk species, arranged alphabetically by family. Information on habitat and geographic distribution is included for all species, and images are included for some.

  9. Georgia Teachers in Academic Laboratories: Research Experiences in the Geosciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barrett, D.

    2005-12-01

    The Georgia Intern-Fellowships for Teachers (GIFT) is a collaborative effort designed to enhance mathematics and science experiences of Georgia teachers and their students through summer research internships for teachers. By offering business, industry, public science institute and research summer fellowships to teachers, GIFT provides educators with first-hand exposure to the skills and knowledge necessary for the preparation of our future workforce. Since 1991, GIFT has placed middle and high school mathematics, science and technology teachers in over 1000 positions throughout the state. In these fellowships, teachers are involved in cutting edge scientific and engineering research, data analysis, curriculum development and real-world inquiry and problem solving, and create Action Plans to assist them in translating the experience into changed classroom practice. Since 2004, an increasing number of high school students have worked with their teachers in research laboratories. The GIFT program places an average of 75 teachers per summer into internship positions. In the summer of 2005, 83 teachers worked in corporate and research environments throughout the state of Georgia and six of these positions involved authentic research in geoscience related departments at the Georgia Institute of Technology, including aerospace engineering and the earth and atmospheric sciences laboratories. This presentation will review the history and the structure of the program including the support system for teachers and mentors as well as the emphasis on inquiry based learning strategies. The focus of the presentation will be a comparison of two placement models of the teachers placed in geoscience research laboratories: middle school earth science teachers placed in a 6 week research experience and high school teachers placed in 7 week internships with teams of 3 high school students. The presentation will include interviews with faculty to determine the value of these experiences to the scientific community and interviews/classroom observations of teachers to determine the transfer of knowledge from the teacher to the students through the implementation of their Action Plans into their classroom.

  10. WATER QUALITY IN GEORGIA'S PRIVATE DRINKING WATER WELLS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leticia Sonon; Paul Vendrell; Rick Hitchcock

    The University of Georgia's Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratories (AESL) conduct a water-testing program for private drinking water wells. In a review of over 27,000 tests done during the ten years from 1993 through 2004, the most common problems were low pH (data not shown), and high levels of manganese and iron. Approximately 15 and 18% of the household wells

  11. Documentation of acceptance into a research group School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Houston, Paul L.

    Documentation of acceptance into a research group School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Radiation producing equipment Carcinogens and Advanced Toxins Compressed Gases and Cryogens Laser safety

  12. Summary of Losses from Insect Damage and Cost of Control in Georgia

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Summary of Losses from Insect Damage and Cost of Control in Georgia 2005 Editors Paul Guillebeau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Cotton Insects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Field Corn Insects

  13. University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Alumni Association 2012 Nomination Form

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Alumni Association 2012 in the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Activity Center. To be displayed in an attractive

  14. 78 FR 16783 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Georgia; Control Techniques Guidelines and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-19

    ...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY...Available Control Technology AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...through the Georgia Environmental Protection Division...available control technology (RACT)...

  15. Summary of Losses from Insect Damage and Cost of Control in Georgia

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Summary of Losses from Insect Damage and Cost of Control in Georgia 2006 Editors Paul Guillebeau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Cotton Insects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Field Corn Insects

  16. The Georgia State Fair, Macon, 1886-1960

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Seven decades ago, one "Jaydee the Great" wowed crowds at the Georgia State Fair in Macon with his high trapeze novelty act. That wasn't all that was happening at the State Fair of course and visitors with an interest in American history, entertainment, state fairs, and Georgia history will find plenty to hold their attention within this nice digital collection. The collection was created by the Digital Library of Georgia, and it documents the evolution of the state fair in Macon from 1886 to 1960. Here visitors can look over 150 black and white photographs, along with a selection of fliers advertising the fair. Most of the photographs depict county agricultural exhibits whose function was to promote a variety of farm produce and homemade items. The collection also has a number of photographs documenting community canning projects which took place during World War II. Visitors can search the collection via a search engine, or they may just wish to just browse around, which can be pretty fun as well.

  17. Maintenance expo................... 3 Georgia visitors....................... 3

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    -model cars and trucks. "The study did not reveal any difference that might be associated with the use of E20 Fuels Association sponsored the study. Work was done in collaboration with the Minnesota Pollution provided all cars for the study. In other news, the GHG study held its third seminar on April 16. The study

  18. State of Georgia`s environmental and emergency preparedness activities for the Savannah River Site. Quarterly progress report, July 1, 1993--December 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    McConnell, G.W.

    1994-05-01

    This quarterly report discusses activities and accomplishments of the EPD as part of Georgia`s environmental and emergency preparedness activities for the Savannah River Site. The EPD has assisted the Georgia Emergency Management Authority (GEMA) in accomplishing a number of ongoing tasks such as annual reviews, training, response capability, and radiation assessment capability. The report also outlines EPD progress and activities in the area of environmental monitoring including; surface water discharges, public drinking water, ground water monitoring, air monitoring, crops and milk, and direct radiation on soil and vegetation.

  19. Archway Education Professional The University of Georgia is seeking a qualified candidate to serve as the Archway Education Professional in

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Archway Education Professional The University of Georgia is seeking a qualified candidate to serve as the Archway Education Professional in Dalton-Whitfield County, Georgia. The Archway Partnership was initiated with the University of Georgia. The Archway Education Professional is a UGA Public Service (Public Service Assistant

  20. 76 FR 27919 - Vidalia Onions Grown in Georgia; Change in Late Payment and Interest Requirements on Past Due...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-13

    ...AMS-FV-11-0016; FV11-955-1 PR] Vidalia Onions Grown in Georgia; Change in Late Payment...under the marketing order for Vidalia onions grown in Georgia (order). The order regulates the handling of Vidalia onions grown in Georgia and is...

  1. 76 FR 37618 - Vidalia Onions Grown in Georgia; Change in Late Payment and Interest Requirements on Past Due...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ...AMS-FV-11-0016; FV11-955-1 FR] Vidalia Onions Grown in Georgia; Change in Late Payment...under the marketing order for Vidalia onions grown in Georgia (order). The order regulates the handling of Vidalia onions grown in Georgia and is...

  2. The 1989 Georgia Survey of Adolescent Drug and Alcohol Use. Volume I: The Narrative Report for Survey Findings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Ronald D.; And Others

    The 1989 Georgia Survey of Adolescent Drug and Alcohol Use was conducted in 373 schools throughout Georgia. The stratified random sample was obtained from schools that participated in the 1987 survey (in which 93% of the school systems in Georgia participated) and were selected randomly from strata based on size of community and geographic…

  3. THE UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA DEPARTMENT OF GENETICS BYLAWS I. Statement of Purpose

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    As the only teaching/research department of Genetics in the State of Georgia, its mission shall beTHE UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA DEPARTMENT OF GENETICS BYLAWS I. Statement of Purpose-term training on issues pertaining to genetics. To fulfill these purposes, the Department of Genetics

  4. The Rise of Childhood Poverty in Georgia: Implications for Public School Planning and Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boggs, Olivia M.

    2011-01-01

    The rapid and steady growth of poverty in Georgia's public schools is a clarion call to re-examine the extent to which educators are reaching and teaching all students, regardless of their economic standing. The traditional view of poverty as a marginal condition affecting a minority of students no longer holds as 56% of Georgia's 1.6-million…

  5. State of Georgia CERTIFICATE OF EXEMPTION OF LOCAL HOTEL/MOTEL EXCISE TAX

    E-print Network

    Teskey, Robert O.

    State of Georgia CERTIFICATE OF EXEMPTION OF LOCAL HOTEL/MOTEL EXCISE TAX Attention: GEORGIA HOTEL on official business should not be charged county or municipal excise tax on lodging, often referred to as local hotel/motel tax. Upon verification of the identity of the government official or employee

  6. DMDS or the 3-way: which is more effective in Georgia?

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    During 2007 and 2008, Methyl Bromide alternatives were used on nearly 25 and 50% of Georgia’s fumigated plasticulture area, respectively. The primary alternative is the 3-Way (Telone II, chloropicrin, and metam). Dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) is nearing registration, providing a new alternative. All pro...

  7. Nineteenth USCOLD Annual Meeting and Lecture Atlanta, Georgia, May 16-21, 1999

    E-print Network

    Bowles, David S.

    Nineteenth USCOLD Annual Meeting and Lecture Atlanta, Georgia, May 16-21, 1999 UNDERSTANDING F. Glover3 , and Sanjay S. Chauhan4 ABSTRACT Risk management can enhance all aspects, Utah 84332-9431. #12;Nineteenth USCOLD Annual Meeting and Lecture Atlanta, Georgia, May 16-21, 1999

  8. Seth Marder Title: Regent's Professor, Georgia Power Chair in Energy Efficiency

    E-print Network

    Garmestani, Hamid

    Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) California Institute of Technology (Caltech) where he was a National Research Affiliations Georgia Institute of Technology; Guest Professor at Jiaotong University, Huazhang University of Science and Technology, Anhui University, and Wuhan University My Roles at Georgia Tech Faculty, School

  9. The Georgia Perimeter College MESA Program: Propelling STEM Students to Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Law, Kouok K.

    2011-01-01

    From 2006 to 2008, while taking courses at Georgia Perimeter College (GPC), Joel Toussaint worked two jobs, one was at night. Now, he has graduated from Georgia Institute of Technology majoring in mechanical engineering, and he has been admitted to graduate school in mechanical engineer there. His plan for the future is to get his Ph. D. in…

  10. Vaccination Practices, Policies, and Management Factors Associated With High Vaccination Coverage Levels in Georgia Public Clinics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vance J. Dietz; Andrew L. Baughman; Eugene F. Dini; John M. Stevenson; Bennett K. Pierce; James C. Hersey

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the factors associated with the in- crease in childhood vaccination coverage levels from 53% in 1988 to 89% in 1994 in Georgia's public health clinics. Design: A 1994 mail survey obtaining information on clinic vaccination policies and practices and manage- ment practices. Setting: All 227 public health clinics in Georgia. Participants: Clinic nurses responsible for vaccina- tion

  11. 78 FR 56816 - Vidalia Onions Grown in Georgia; Change in Reporting and Assessment Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-16

    ...AMS-FV-12-0071; FV13-955-1 FIR] Vidalia Onions Grown in Georgia; Change in Reporting...under the marketing order for Vidalia onions grown in Georgia (order). The interim...corresponding assessments to the Vidalia Onion Committee (Committee) from the...

  12. BEYOND THE INDICES: RELATIONS OF HABITAT AND FISH CHARACTERISTICS IN THE GEORGIA PIEDMONT

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Georgia Department of Natural Resources has conducted biological sampling at 180 stream sites in the Georgia Piedmont (1998-99) and recorded several trophic and abundance characteristics of the fish assemblages and habitat at each site. These characteristics were combined to ...

  13. Establishment of perennial grass species for cellulosic biofuel production in Georgia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In order for biofuels to become a viable alternative energy source in the state of Georgia, appropriate feed stocks must be developed to supply this burgeoning industry. Georgia is optimum for biomass production because of its warm subtropical climate, large number of growing degree days, and an es...

  14. 50 CFR 622.208 - Minimum mesh size applicable to rock shrimp off Georgia and Florida.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Minimum mesh size applicable to rock shrimp off Georgia and Florida. 622...208 Minimum mesh size applicable to rock shrimp off Georgia and Florida. (a) The minimum mesh size for the cod end of a rock shrimp trawl net in the South...

  15. 50 CFR 622.19 - South Atlantic rock shrimp limited access off Georgia and Florida.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false South Atlantic rock shrimp limited access off Georgia and Florida...Limitations § 622.19 South Atlantic rock shrimp limited access off Georgia and Florida...For a person aboard a vessel to fish for rock shrimp in the South Atlantic EEZ off...

  16. 50 CFR 622.208 - Minimum mesh size applicable to rock shrimp off Georgia and Florida.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...false Minimum mesh size applicable to rock shrimp off Georgia and Florida. 622...208 Minimum mesh size applicable to rock shrimp off Georgia and Florida. (a) The minimum mesh size for the cod end of a rock shrimp trawl net in the South...

  17. 50 CFR 622.19 - South Atlantic rock shrimp limited access off Georgia and Florida.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false South Atlantic rock shrimp limited access off Georgia and Florida...Limitations § 622.19 South Atlantic rock shrimp limited access off Georgia and Florida...For a person aboard a vessel to fish for rock shrimp in the South Atlantic EEZ off...

  18. 50 CFR 622.19 - South Atlantic rock shrimp limited access off Georgia and Florida.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false South Atlantic rock shrimp limited access off Georgia and Florida...Limitations § 622.19 South Atlantic rock shrimp limited access off Georgia and Florida...For a person aboard a vessel to fish for rock shrimp in the South Atlantic EEZ off...

  19. A PROCEDURE FOR FORECASTING TORNADOES IN ALABAMA, GEORGIA, AND SOUTH CAROLINA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. H. STAKELY

    1957-01-01

    An effective procedure is devised for determining by 0400 EST whether tornadoes will or will not occur within the area comprising the States of Alabama, Georgia, and SoutL Carolina during the remaining portion of the day. A categorical answer as to whether or not a tornado will occur within the area of Alabama, Georgia, or Sout~h Caro- lina on a

  20. U.S. EPA State Carbon Emissions Goals Georgia Fact Sheet

    E-print Network

    Das, Suman

    U.S. EPA State Carbon Emissions Goals Georgia Fact Sheet Sam V carbon dioxide emission 2030 state goals for electric power plants. These goals vary widely from state and utilized. EPA calculated the 2012 Georgia state wide average carbon emissions rating to have been 1598

  1. Wood residue biomass energy in Georgia. Research report 452

    SciTech Connect

    Ames, G.C.W.; Dunavent, B.B.

    1984-03-01

    The objectives of this project were: (1) to determine local biomass fuel supplies, their prices, and current market distribution throughout the Southeast with emphasis on Georgia; (2) to determine moisture content, foreign matter and storage characteristics which influence combustion efficiency and handling practices of sawmill and logging residues and wood chips from different sources throughout the state; and (3) to develop a model that can determine the least-cost wood fuel mix for potential users based upon demand and available supplies. Discussion is presented under the headings: Changes in Sawmill Residue Production; Mill Residue Supplies in Georgia; Average Residue Prices; Differences in Residue Utilization; Transportation Costs for Wood Residues; Moisture Content; and Determination of Delivered Cost of Wood Energy. In this demonstration using state-wide averages, softwood bark and softwood sawdust were determined to be the least-cost fuels, compared with other wood residues. Local conditions affecting supply and demand may produce different results, and fuel users should determine the least-cost fuel for their energy needs. As the demand for wood energy increases and supplies of readily available residues are already used up, other sources of wood energy may be tapped. The Georgia Forestry Commission and private forest management companies have encouraged the use of whole-tree chipping to clear scrub timberland consisting mainly of low-quality hardwoods prior to replanting with a new stand of valuable pine trees. Whole-tree chipping of waste pine and scrub hardwood increases the available supply of fuel wood chips, reduces erosion compared with other methods of land preparation, and encourages land owners to reforest their land, since the cost of replanting may be covered by the sale of fuel chips and other products. 6 references.

  2. Helping solve Georgia's water problems - the USGS Cooperative Water Program

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Clarke, John S.

    2006-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) addresses a wide variety of water issues in the State of Georgia through the Cooperative Water Program (CWP). As the primary Federal science agency for water-resource information, the USGS monitors the quantity and quality of water in the Nation's rivers and aquifers, assesses the sources and fate of contaminants in aquatic systems, collects and analyzes data on aquatic ecosystems, develops tools to improve the application of hydrologic information, and ensures that its information and tools are available to all potential users. This broad, diverse mission cannot be accomplished effectively without the contributions of the CWP.

  3. The Georgia Tech High Sensitivity Microwave Measurement System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Deboer, David R.; Steffes, Paul G.

    1996-01-01

    As observations and models of the planets become increasingly more accurate and sophisticated, the need for highly accurate laboratory measurements of the microwave properties of the component gases present in their atmospheres become ever more critical. This paper describes the system that has been developed at Georgia Tech to make these measurements at wavelengths ranging from 13.3 cm to 1.38 cm with a sensitivity of 0.05 dB/km at the longest wavelength and 0.6 db/km at the shortest wavelength.

  4. Solar total energy project at Shenandoah, Georgia system design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Poche, A. J.

    1980-05-01

    The solar total energy system (STES) was to provide 50% of the total electrical and thermal energy requirements of the 25,000 sq ft Bleyle of America knitwear plant located at the Shenandoah Site. The system will provide 400 kilowatts electrical and 3 megawatts of thermal energy. The STES has a classical, cascaded total energy system configuration. It utilizes one hundred twenty (120), parabolic dish collectors, high temperature (750 F) trickle oil thermal energy storage and a steam turbine generator. The electrical load shaving system was designed for interconnected operation with the Georgia Power system and for operation in a stand alone mode.

  5. STS-112 crew with President of Ajara in Georgia (Russia)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Aslan Abashidze, President of the Autonomous Republic of Ajara in Georgia (Russia) shakes hands with STS-112 Mission Specialist Fyodor N. Yurchikhin, Ph.D., (right) a cosmonaut with the Russian Space Agency. Yurchikhin is at Kennedy Space Center awaiting his launch aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-112 to the International Space Station. The launch has been postponed to no earlier than Monday, Oct. 7, so that the Mission Control Center, located at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, can be secured and protected from potential storm impacts from Hurricane Lili.

  6. Prevalence of and factors influencing smoking among medical and non-medical students in Tbilisi, Georgia*

    PubMed Central

    Chkhaidze, Ivane; Maglakelidze, Nino; Maglakelidze, Tamaz; Khaltaev, Nikolai

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Smoking is a serious problem that has a devastating impact on health. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of and factors influencing smoking among medical and non-medical students in Tbilisi, Georgia, as well as to determine whether medical education has an impact on smoking. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Tbilisi State Medical University and Tbilisi State University, both of which are located in Tbilisi, Georgia. A total of 400 4th-year students (200 students at each university) were asked to complete standardized questionnaires. RESULTS: Of the sample as a whole, 48.75% were identified as smokers and 51.25% were identified as nonsmokers. The mean age was 20.24 years among smokers and 20.26 years among nonsmokers. Of the medical students, 49.5% were smokers, as were 48.0% of the non-medical students. The male-to-female ratio in the study population was 0.9:1.1. Smoking was found to have a strong relationship with gender, males accounting for 65% of all smokers. Of the smokers, 56.9% stated that they would like to quit smoking (for health or financial reasons). Of the medical students, 59.5% expressed a willingness to quit smoking, as did 54.2% of the non-medical students. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to improve smoking education for undergraduate students. Special attention should be given to the inclusion of anti-smoking education in undergraduate curricula, as well as to the implementation of smoking prevention campaigns at institutions of higher education. However, such measures will be effective only if tobacco control policies are strictly enforced on the national level as well. PMID:24310631

  7. CAREER GUIDE The University of Georgia

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Biological Sciences Myers Mary Lyndon Rutherford Dawson Soule Science Library Boyd Grad Studies South Deck WEST GREEN ST DW BROOKSDR Conner Lumpkin House Barrow Clark Howell Geology Lab Bookstore Reed Milledge

  8. Parasitology, virology, and serology of free-ranging coyotes (Canis latrans) from central Georgia, USA.

    PubMed

    Gates, Michelle; Gerhold, Richard W; Wilkes, Rebecca P; Gulsby, William D; Maestas, Lauren; Rosypal, Alexa; Miller, Karl V; Miller, Debra L

    2014-10-01

    We examined 31 free-ranging coyotes (Canis latrans) from central Georgia, USA, for select parasites and viral agents. Sixteen coyotes had adult heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis). Serum samples from 27 animals revealed antibodies against canine parvovirus (100%), canine distemper virus (48%), canine adenovirus (37%), and Trypanosoma cruzi (7%); none were detected against Leishmania spp. Twenty-two of 24 (92%) coyotes were positive for Toxoplasma gondii. Real-time PCR of feces revealed 32% of coyotes were shedding canine parvovirus, and sequencing revealed type 2b and 2c. Because coyotes could be a spillover host of domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) pathogens, studies of the transmission of pathogens between coyotes and domestic dogs are warranted. PMID:25098300

  9. [The fatty acid composition of large pumpkin seed oil (Curucbitae maxima Dich) cultivated in Georgia].

    PubMed

    2014-09-01

    The aim of the study was to identify qualitatively and quantitatively fatty acid composition of large pumpkin seed oil cultivated in Georgia (Cucurbitae maxima Duch) and evaluate its biological activities. Evaluation was conducted using high-performance liquid chromatography method. Fatty acids ranging from C12:0 to C22:0 were identified in the probe. The oil contained 0,2?±0,01mg% lauric, 0,3?±0,01 mg% miristic, 9,0?±0,7mg% palmitic, 5,5?±0,4 mg% stearic, 28,1?±1,0 mg% oleic, 40,2?±1,9 mg% linolic, 12,1?±1,0 mg% linolenic, 2,0?±0,2mg% arachinic and 1,2?±0,1 mg% begenic acids. The investigation showed that large pumpkin seed oil contains a range of biologically significant fatty acids, unique proportion of which attaches great value to the vegetative material. PMID:25341255

  10. Access and Satisfaction Among Children in Georgia's Medicaid Program and SCHIP: 2000 to 2003

    PubMed Central

    Adams, E. Kathleen; Ketsche, Patricia; Zhou, Mei; Minyard, Karen

    2008-01-01

    The lagging reauthorization of the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) affects States' plans for sustaining mature programs. This study used the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) program survey in order to assess changes in access and satisfaction for Georgia's SCHIP (PeachCare) and Medicaid children as PeachCare matured 2000 to 2003. Adjusting for family and child characteristics, PeachCare enrollees reported better access and higher satisfaction than Medicaid clientele initially, but access differences narrowed by 2003 while differences in satisfaction grew. This may point to cultural/language issues or treatment stigma for Medicaid clientele. Nonetheless, overall plan ratings remained high for both groups. PMID:18567242

  11. Weathering effects on the magnetic properties of the Milledgeville granite, Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ellwood, Brooks B.

    1981-10-01

    One of the major problems in paleomagnetic sampling of granites in the southeastern United States is finding fresh outcrop. Since most outcrops are weathered to some extent, it is important to quantify the effect of weathering on the magnetic properties of individual samples. The Lake Sinclair dam site near Milledgeville, Georgia, was chosen for this study, where a very fresh, stable granite outcrops in the excavated spillway. Lying immediately above is the weathered equivalent. Drilled samples were obtained from fresh and weathered portions at one outcrop, and the remanent and induced magnetizations measured. With AF demagnetization, it was possible to obtain the stable remanent directions, exhibited by fresh samples, from all weathered samples. The induced and remanent magnetic behavior can be explained by maghemitization during weathering and the development of a secondary low oxidation magnetic phase and the reduction in domain size of primary magnetite.

  12. An examination of domestic partner violence and its justification in the Republic of Georgia

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Little research on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and social perceptions toward this behavior has been disseminated from Eastern Europe. This study explores the prevalence and risk factors of IPV and the justification of this behavior among women in the Republic of Georgia. It seeks to better understand how IPV and IPV justification relate and how social justification of IPV differs across socio-economic measures among this population of women. Methods This study utilizes a national sample of ever-married women from the Republic of Georgia (N = 4,302). We describe the factors that predict IPV justification among these women and the relationship between of the acceptability of IPV and victimization overall and across socio-demographic factors. Results While the overall lifetime prevalence of IPV in this sample was relatively low (4%), these women were two to four times more likely to justify IPV, Just under one-quarter of the sample agreed that IPV was justified in at least one scenario, namely when the wife was unfaithful, compared with women who had no experience being abused by a partner. Georgian women who were poor, from a rural community, had lower education, were not working and who experienced child abuse or IPV among their parents were more likely to justify this behavior. Conclusions These findings begin to fill a gap in our understanding of IPV experienced by women in Eastern Europe. In addition, these findings emphasize the need for researchers, practitioners and policy makers to contextualize IPV in terms of the justification of this behavior among the population being considered as this can play an important role in perpetration, victimization and response. PMID:24180483

  13. Landslide observation and volume estimation in central Georgia based on L-band InSAR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nikolaeva, E.; Walter, T. R.; Shirzaei, M.; Zschau, J.

    2014-03-01

    The republic of Georgia is a mountainous and tectonically active area that is vulnerable to landslides. Because landslides are one of the most devastating natural hazards, their detection and monitoring is of great importance. In this study we report on a previously unknown landslide in central Georgia near the town of Sachkhere. We used a set of Advanced Land Observation Satellite (ALOS) Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR) data to generate displacement maps using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR). We detected a sliding zone of dimensions 2 km north-south by 0.6 km east-west that threatens four villages. We estimated surface displacement of up to ∼30 cm/yr over the sliding body in the satellite line-of-sight (LOS) direction, with the largest displacement occurring after a local tectonic earthquake. We mapped the morphology of the landslide mass by aerial photography and field surveying. We found a complex set of interacting processes, including surface fracturing, shear and normal faults at both the headwall and the sides of the landslide, local landslide velocity changes, earthquake-induced velocity peaks, and loss in toe support due to mining activity. Important implications that are applicable elsewhere can be drawn from this study of coupled processes. We used inverse dislocation modelling to find a possible dislocation plane resembling the landslide basal décollement, and we used that plane to calculate the volume of the landslide. The results suggest a décollement at ∼120 m depth, dipping at ∼10° sub-parallel to the surface, which is indicative of a translational-type landslide.

  14. The design, construction, and monitoring of photovoltaic power system and solar thermal system on the Georgia Institute of Technology Aquatic Center. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect

    Long, R.C.

    1996-12-31

    This is a report on the feasibility study, design, and construction of a PV and solar thermal system for the Georgia Tech Aquatic Center. The topics of the report include a discussion of site selection and system selection, funding, design alternatives, PV module selection, final design, and project costs. Included are appendices describing the solar thermal system, the SAC entrance canopy PV mockup, and the PV feasibility study.

  15. Study Guide for TCT in Agriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sailors, Robert A.

    This study guide was specifically designed for individuals preparing to take the Georgia Teacher Certification Test (TCT) in agriculture. The agriculture test was developed by the National Evaluation Systems, Inc. and educators in Georgia. The test covers 13 subareas: (1) plant science; (2) crop management; (3) animal science; (4) livestock and…

  16. Exploratory Programing in Georgia's Middle Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Louis L.; Allen, Michael G.

    This study surveyed the nature and extent of exploratory programming in intermediate schools. A 22-item questionnaire was sent to all 285 of the state's middle and junior high schools. Of the 163 respondents, 160 indicated that they had some form of exploratory programming. The latter number included: (1) 155 schools with traditional exploratory…

  17. Graduate Studies Construction Engineering

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Laurence J.

    funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), Construction Industry Institute (CII), Georgia engineering, building construction, and industrial and systems engineering. SELECTED COURSES · ConstructionGraduate Studies Construction Engineering CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING The construction engineering

  18. Historic Flooding in South Georgia, March 27-April 3, 2009

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    McCallum, Brian E.; Gotvald, Anthony J.; Landers, Mark N.

    2009-01-01

    A primary mission of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is the measurement and documentation of the magnitude and extent of hydrologic hazards, such as floods, droughts, and hurricane storm surge. USGS personnel were deployed for historic widespread flooding that occurred throughout South Georgia from a storm event beginning in the late evening of March 27 and continuing through April 3, 2009. Data collected by USGS personnel and a network of automated real-time streamgages are critical to emergency management officials so that informed decisions can be made before, during, and after an event to assist in the protection of life and property. According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), 46 counties in Georgia were declared disaster areas due to flooding. FEMA reported that 1,875 homes and 29 businesses were affected by floodwaters. No lives were lost in this flood. Approximately $60 million in public infrastructure damage occurred to roads, culverts, bridges and a water treatment facility (Joseph T. McKinney, Federal Emergency Management Agency, written commun., July 2009).

  19. Flood-frequency analysis for small natural streams in Georgia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Golden, Harold G.; Price, McGlone

    1976-01-01

    Flood information from 104 project basins (0.1 to 20 square miles) and data available from 170 larger basins (20 to 1,500 square miles) are analyzed to provide planners and designers with relations for estimating the magnitude and frequency of flood-peak discharges on small natural streams in Georgia. More than 90 percent of the project activity was directed toward the acquisition and processing of data for more than two thousand rainfall-runoff periods occurring during 1964-74 at the 104 project stations. Storm rainfall data were computed at 5-minute intervals from records of six long-term (about 75 years) National Weather Service Stations. The U.S. Geological Survey mathematical rainfall-runoff model is used to synthesize long-term flood records for about 80 percent of the project stations. Station flood-frequency data are developed, using the log-Pearson Type III distribution with regionalized skew coefficients. Multiple regression analysis is used to define relations between flood-frequency station data for small and large streams and 10 physical and climatological basin characteristics. The analysis indicates the drainage-basin size is the most significant variable. Five regions having distinct flood-peak characteristics are delineated. The developed relations, expressed as equations and nomographs, are considered usable for virtually any site in Georgia where the drainage area is between 0.1 and 20 square miles, and the flow is natural. (Woodard-USGS)

  20. Multi -risk assessment at a national level in Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsereteli, Nino; Varazanashvili, Otar; Amiranashvili, Avtandil; Tsereteli, Emili; Elizbarashvili, Elizbar; Saluqvadze, Manana; Dolodze, Jemal

    2013-04-01

    Work presented here was initiated by national GNSF project " Reducing natural disasters multiple risk: a positive factor for Georgia development " and two international projects: NATO SFP 983038 "Seismic hazard and Rusk assessment for Southern Caucasus-eastern Turkey Energy Corridors" and EMME " Earthquake Model for Middle east Region". Methodology for estimation of "general" vulnerability, hazards and multiple risk to natural hazards (namely, earthquakes, landslides, snow avalanches, flash floods, mudflows, drought, hurricanes, frost, hail) where developed for Georgia. The electronic detailed databases of natural disasters were created. These databases contain the parameters of hazardous phenomena that caused natural disasters. The magnitude and intensity scale of the mentioned disasters are reviewed and the new magnitude and intensity scales are suggested for disasters for which the corresponding formalization is not yet performed. The associated economic losses were evaluated and presented in monetary terms for these hazards. Based on the hazard inventory, an approach was developed that allowed for the calculation of an overall vulnerability value for each individual hazard type, using the Gross Domestic Product per unit area (applied to population) as the indicator for elements at risk exposed. The correlation between estimated economic losses, physical exposure and the magnitude for each of the six types of hazards has been investigated in detail by using multiple linear regression analysis. Economic losses for all past events and historical vulnerability were estimated. Finally, the spatial distribution of general vulnerability was assessed, and the expected maximum economic loss was calculated as well as a multi-risk map was set-up.