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Sample records for giant hepatic hemangioma

  1. Giant Cavernous Hepatic Hemangioma Diagnosed Incidentally in a Perimenopausal Obese Female with Endometrial Adenocarcinoma: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Bara, Tivadar; Gurzu, Simona; Jung, Ioan; Muresan, Mircea; Szederjesi, Janos; Bara, Tivadar

    2016-02-01

    Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of the liver, considered giant when they exceed 50-100 mm in diameter. In the present report, we present a case of a 5.2-kg hemangioma of the right hepatic lobe, with hemangiomatous foci in the left lobe, which was incidentally diagnosed in a 53-year-old obese female hospitalized for uterine bleeding. The computed tomographic scan and physical examination revealed a giant abdominal tumor and hepatic hemangioma of the right hepatic lobe was suspected. Right hepatectomy and total hysterectomy with bilateral ovariectomy was performed. The histological examination of the surgical specimens confirmed the extremely giant cavernous hepatic hemangioma, and a synchronous pT1a endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma was also diagnosed. The patient remains alive without postoperative disorders, 6 months after surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of such huge hemangioma incidentally diagnosed in an obese female, with a synchronous endometrial adenocarcinoma of the uterus. Because obesity may cause hyperestrogenism, it might both increase the growth rate of hemangioma and the genesis of endometrial cancer in perimenopausal females. PMID:26851037

  2. Enucleation of a Giant Hemangioma of Liver: Old School Revisited.

    PubMed

    ChandraBose, Karpagavel; Ramanujam, A; Muthu, Yega

    2015-01-01

    Hemangiomas are the most frequent benign hepatic tumours and are usually found in patients aged between 40 and 60 years, more frequently in women. In 30-35% of patients, the lesions are multiple. If the lesions are larger than 4-10?cm, they are coined as "giant" hemangioma. Here, we present a case of giant hemangioma treated with enucleation of the lesion and the advantages of the procedure. PMID:26844001

  3. Enucleation of a Giant Hemangioma of Liver: Old School Revisited

    PubMed Central

    ChandraBose, Karpagavel; Ramanujam, A.; Muthu, Yega

    2015-01-01

    Hemangiomas are the most frequent benign hepatic tumours and are usually found in patients aged between 40 and 60 years, more frequently in women. In 3035% of patients, the lesions are multiple. If the lesions are larger than 410?cm, they are coined as giant hemangioma. Here, we present a case of giant hemangioma treated with enucleation of the lesion and the advantages of the procedure. PMID:26844001

  4. Coexistence of Pericardialand Hepatic Hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Sabeti, Shahram; Zahedifard, Sara; Soleimantabar, Hussein; Zarghampour, Manijeh; Toutkaboni, MihanPourabdollah

    2015-01-01

    Pericardial hemangioma is very rare and their coincidence with other visceral hemamgiomas is exceptional. We are reporting a 72 year-old man with an incidentally discovered pericardial hemangioma during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and mitral valve replacement surgeryand a prior history of multiple hepatic cavernous hemangiomas. This case has been reported due to its extreme rarity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case of this kind reported till date. PMID:26351480

  5. Enucleation after Embolization of Liver Failure-Causing Giant Liver Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Amit; Kaspar, Matthew; Siddiqui, Mohammad; Kim, Joohyun

    2015-01-01

    Patient: Female, 73 Final Diagnosis: Giant liver hemangioma Symptoms: Abdominal discomfort • abdominal enlargement • Icterus Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Enucleation after embolization of liver failure-causing giant liver Specialty: Surgery Objective: Unusual clinical course Background: Hepatic hemangioma is a congenital tumor of the mesenchymal tissues of the liver. While typically benign, these tumors can occasionally grow to sufficient size to cause a number of symptoms, including pain, severe hepatic dysfunction, or, rarely, consumptive coagulopathy. In such instances, surgical treatment may be warranted. Case Report: We present a case of a symptomatic giant hepatic hemangioma in an elderly patient who presented with impending liver failure. She was successfully treated with a combination of surgical enucleation and liver resection after preoperative arterial embolization. We also provide a brief discussion of current treatment options for giant hepatic hemangiomas. Conclusions: Early referral to experienced surgical centers before the onset of dire complications such as severe hepatic dysfunction and liver failure is recommended. PMID:26301888

  6. Embolization for management of hepatic hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Deutsch, G S; Yeh, K A; Bates, W B; Tannehill, W B

    2001-02-01

    Hemangiomas represent the most common primary tumor of the liver. Clinically the significance of these lesions is highly variable. The management of hemangiomas is controversial and is intimately related to the size, symptoms, and associated comorbidities of the patients who harbor these benign tumors. Series suggest that the vast majority of hemangiomas are less than 4 cm, asymptomatic, and clinically incidental findings. Symptomatic hemangiomas are large and associated with a constellation of vague upper abdominal complaints including pain, mass, distention, early satiety, and weight loss. A number of small series of surgically treated symptomatic hemangiomas have demonstrated enucleation as a safe and effective intervention. We report a collection of case reports using embolization as a primary treatment of symptomatic hemangiomas. The first patient is a 73-year-old black man previously treated for prostate cancer by radical prostatectomy and radiation. He developed weight loss, abdominal fullness, and early satiety. His symptoms were attributed to a large left lateral segmental liver mass that was biopsy proven to be a hemangioma. The second patient is a 49-year-old black women who complained of weakness, fatigue, night sweats, and anemia. The only abnormality discovered was a large right posterior hemangioma. The third patient is a 49-year-old black women with unexplained right upper quadrant pain and anemia who was found to have a 19 x 11 x 7.5-cm left hepatic hemangioma by CT. All three patients underwent elective treatment of their hemangiomas with highly selective hepatic embolization. There were no significant complications related to the procedures. Symptoms resolved for all patients acutely after treatment. The use of embolization for hepatic hemangiomas provides safe and effective treatment of the patient's symptoms while avoiding operative intervention, extended hospitalization, or postoperative recuperation. This treatment modality should be considered for the symptomatic hemangioma under elective conditions. PMID:11243541

  7. Selective hepatic vascular exclusion versus pringle maneuver in partial hepatectomy for liver hemangioma compressing or involving the major hepatic veins.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yuan; Zhao, Ling-Hao; Fu, Si-Yuan; Lau, Wan Yee; Lai, Eric C H; Gu, Fang-Ming; Wang, Zhen-Guang; Zhou, Wei-Ping

    2014-03-01

    Massive blood loss remains a problem during resection for giant liver hemangioma. This present study was designed to compare selective hepatic vascular exclusion (SHVE) versus Pringle maneuver in surgery for liver hemangioma compressing the major (right, middle, or left) hepatic veins. From January 2003 to December 2011, 589 consecutive patients with hemangioma underwent liver resection in our department, and 273 patients had their tumors compressing at least one of the three major hepatic veins (right, middle, or left). Either SHVE (n = 120 patients) or Pringle maneuver (n = 153 patients) was used to minimize blood loss during resection. Data regarding the intraoperative and postoperative courses of these patients were retrospectively analyzed. There was no significant difference between the two groups of patients regarding age, sex, tumor size, types of hepatectomy, and extent of tumor involvement of the major hepatic veins. Intraoperative blood loss, transfusion requirements, and transfusion volume were significantly less in the SHVE group (P < 0.01). For the Pringle group, major hepatic veins were lacerated in 19 patients during hepatic parenchymal transection. For the SHVE group, a major hepatic vein was lacerated during extrahepatic dissection of the hepatic vein in two patients and during hepatic parenchymal transection in 14 patients. SHVE was more efficacious in minimizing intraoperative bleeding during liver resection for hemangiomas compressing the major hepatic veins. It prevented intraoperative major bleeding and air embolism and significantly decreased postoperative liver failure and in-hospital mortality. PMID:24666863

  8. [Hemangioma, the most frequent hepatic tumor. Diagnosis with dynamic CAT].

    PubMed

    Cuevas Ibáñez, A; Santos Cores, J; Molina López-Nava, P; Fernández Iglesias, P; Bones Purkiss, J

    1994-08-01

    The sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of dynamic CAT with contrast piston-stroke performed at a single cut are described for the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas. We analyzed the correlation between the findings obtained through dynamic CAT and those obtained through echography, PAAF, analytic and clinical study of the patients with suspicion of hepatic hemangioma. The following values were obtained: sensitivity 92.3%; specificity 50%; VPP 88.8%; VPN 60%; and global diagnostic affectivity 84.37%. According to these results, we think that dynamic CAT is a highly reliable test for the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas. PMID:7772685

  9. Concurrent hepatic hemangioma and solitary fibrous tumor: diagnosis and management

    PubMed Central

    Kueht, Michael; Masand, Prakash; Rana, Abbas; Cotton, Ronald; Goss, John

    2015-01-01

    Hepatic solitary fibrous tumor (HSFT) is a very rare benign liver tumor without well-defined findings on imaging. Even with multiphase advanced contrast-enhanced liver imaging, a definitive preoperative diagnosis is impossible. The diagnostic process can be further complicated when there are two concurrent lesions with different radiologic appearances. Here, we compare the findings of a commonly encountered liver lesion, hepatic hemangioma, with those of an exceedingly rare lesion, HSFT. PMID:26209579

  10. Giant hemangioma presenting as a scalp mass leading to a craniofacial deformity.

    PubMed

    Silva, Rafael Denadai Pigozzi; da Silva Cavalcante, Jos Edson; Miranda, Eduardo Queiroz; Lopes, Dionsio Figueiredo; Souto, Lus Ricardo Martinho

    2013-06-01

    Hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor during childhood. However, cases of giant hemangiomas determining deformities in the craniofacial region are not reported frequently. Craniofacial giant hemangiomas are challenging for surgeons since they cause aesthetic and/or functional problems and may be associated with important complications such as ulcerations, infections and bleedings. The present report is aimed at describing a rare case of craniofacial asymmetry in a 30-year-old patient, secondary to an extensive mass whose growth deformed the scalp in the frontal-parietal-temporal region. The lesion was completely surgically removed with good aesthetic results, and the anatomopathological examination revealed that it was a cavernous hemangioma. PMID:24431843

  11. Surgical Treatment of Giant Liver Hemangioma Larger Than 10 cm: A Single Center's Experience With 86 Patients.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wei; Huang, Zhi-Yong; Ke, Chang-Shu; Wu, Chao; Zhang, Zhi-Wei; Zhang, Bi-Xiang; Chen, Yi-Fa; Zhang, Wan-Guang; Zhu, Peng; Chen, Xiao-Ping

    2015-08-01

    The ideal surgical treatment of giant liver hemangioma is still controversial. This study aims to compare the outcomes of enucleation with those of resection for liver hemangioma larger than 10 cm in different locations of the liver and establish the preoperative predictors of increased intraoperative blood loss.Eighty-six patients underwent enucleation or liver resection for liver hemangioma larger than 10 cm was retrospectively reviewed. Patient demographic, tumor characteristics, surgical indications, the outcomes of both surgical treatment, and the clinicopathological parameters influencing intraoperative blood loss were analyzed.Forty-six patients received enucleation and 40 patients received liver resection. Mean tumor size was 14.1 cm with a range of 10-35 cm. Blood loss, blood product usage, operative time, hepatic vascular occlusion time and frequency, complications and postsurgical hospital stay were similar between liver resections and enucleation for right-liver and left-liver hemangiomas. There was no surgery-related mortality in either group. Bleeding was more related to adjacency of major vascular structures than the size of hemangioma. Adjacency to major vascular structures and right or bilateral liver hemangiomas were independently associated with blood loss >550 mL (P = 0.000 and 0.042, respectively).Both enucleation and liver resection are safe and effective surgical treatments for liver hemangiomas larger than 10 cm. The risk of intraoperative blood loss is related to adjacency to major vascular structures and the location of hemangioma. PMID:26313792

  12. Hemangiomas

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Rights Job Postings Sections of the JAOCD JAOCD Archive Published Members Online Dermatology Journals Edit This Favorite Name: Category: Share: Yes No, Keep Private Hemangiomas Share | Hemangiomas, also called strawberry birthmarks , are ...

  13. Spontaneous rupture of hepatic hemangioma: a case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Wei; Guo, Xiao; Dong, Jiahong

    2015-01-01

    Hepatic hemangioma, a common benign tumor of the liver, has caused great threats to the public health. Most patients have an excellent prognosis because of the benign nature of hemangioma. On some occasions, spontaneous rupture of hepatic hemangioma is rarely observed in patients. Therefore, a majority of scholars propose that surgery should be restricted to specific situations. In this case, we presented a patient with spontaneous rupture of hepatic hemangioma in our hospital. After a literature review, we summarized the management and outcome of the patient, which revealed the survival rates of the patients are satisfactory. PMID:26722552

  14. High-Output Heart Failure from a Hepatic Hemangioma With Exertion-Induced Hypoxia.

    PubMed

    Smith, Aaron A H; Nelson, Matthew

    2016-01-01

    Patients with hepatic hemangiomas have been known to have high-output heart failure as a result of left-to-right arteriovenous shunting. We report a patient with a hepatic hemangioma that presented with high-output heart failure with hypoxia on exertion. After embolization of the hemangioma, the patient's hypoxia resolved and ejection fraction improved. In the absence of cardiopulmonary pathophysiology, we presume that our patient's hemangioma was causing a right-to-left shunt as opposed to an expected left-to-right shunt. PMID:26525213

  15. Hemangioma

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Please leave this field empty Hemangioma SHARE Home > Brain Tumor Information > Types of Tumors A hemangioma is an abnormal buildup ... Incidence Hemangioblastomas represent about 2% of all primary brain ... more likely to be affected by this type of tumor, as well as tumors of the ...

  16. Laparoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation for Large Subcapsular Hepatic Hemangiomas: Technical and Clinical Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Ding, Xue-Mei; Ke, Shan; Xin, Zong-Hai; Ning, Chun-Min; Guo, Shi-Gang; Li, Xiao-Long; Dong, Yong-Hong; Sun, Wen-Bing

    2016-01-01

    Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical and clinical outcomes of using laparoscopic radiofrequency (RF) ablation for treating large subcapsular hepatic hemangiomas. Methods We retrospectively reviewed our sequential experience of treating 124 large subcapsular hepatic hemangiomas in 121 patients with laparoscopic RF ablation. Results The mean diameter of the 124 hemangiomas was 9.1 ± 3.2 cm (5.0–16.0 cm). RF ablation was performed successfully in all patients. There were 55 complications related to the ablation in 26 patients, including 5 of 69 (7.3%) patients with hemangioma <10 cm and 21 of 52 (40.4%) patients with hemangiomas ≥10 cm (P < 0.001). No injuries to abdominal viscera occurred in all the 121 patients. According to the Dindo–Clavien classification, all the complications were minor in 26 patients (Grade I). Out of 124 hepatic hemangiomas, 118 (95.2%) were completely ablated, including 70 of 72 (97.2%) lesions < 10 cm and 48 of 52 (92.3%) lesions ≥ 10 cm (P = 0.236). Conclusion Laparoscopic RF ablation therapy is a safe, feasible and effective procedure for large subcapsular hepatic hemangiomas, even in the hepatic hemangiomas ≥ 10 cm. Its use avoids thermal injury to the abdominal viscera. PMID:26901132

  17. Pedunculated Hepatic Hemangioma Masquerading as a Peritoneal Tumor. A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    El Hajjam, Mostafa; Lacout, Alexis; Marzouqi, Mohamed Karji-Al; Lacombe, Pascal; Marcy, Pierre Yves

    2016-01-01

    Summary Background Although being classically located inside the liver parenchyma, hemangiomas may occasionally develop outside the extra-hepatic capsule, thus appearing as a pedunculated mass. Case Report We report the case of a 66-year-old anal cancer female patient presenting with an asymptomatic sub-hepatic mass. Incidental diagnosis of a pedunculated hepatic hemangioma was strongly suggested by the typical imaging features on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) examinations, and was confirmed by histopathological examination. Conclusions Exophytic pedunculated growth is a rare and atypical feature of hepatic hemangioma. Thin contrast- enhanced sections and multiplanar CT and MR scan reformations helped to the final diagnosis of hemangioma, showing its origin from the liver edge. Surgical resection is mandatory to prevent threatening mass pedicle torsion. PMID:26966471

  18. [Giant cavernous hemangioma of the orbit (case report)].

    PubMed

    Grusha, Ia O; Ismailova, D S; Eksarenko, O V; Fedorov, A A; Kharlap, S I

    2014-01-01

    The following case demonstrates a successful en bloc removal of a massive cavernous hemangioma of the orbit via vertical transpalpebral approach with postoperative improvement of optic nerve condition and optimal cosmetic result. PMID:24864499

  19. Laparoscopic vs computerized tomography-guided radiofrequency ablation for large hepatic hemangiomas abutting the diaphragm

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Jun; Kong, Jian; Ding, Xue-Mei; Ke, Shan; Niu, Hai-Gang; Xin, Zong-Hai; Ning, Chun-Min; Guo, Shi-Gang; Li, Xiao-Long; Zhang, Long; Dong, Yong-Hong; Sun, Wen-Bing

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To compare safety and therapeutic efficacy of laparoscopic radiofrequency (RF) ablation vs computed tomography (CT)-guided RF ablation for large hepatic hemangiomas abutting the diaphragm. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our sequential experience of treating 51 large hepatic hemangiomas abutting the diaphragm in 51 patients by CT-guided or laparoscopic RF ablation due to either the presence of symptoms and/or the enlargement of hemangioma. Altogether, 24 hemangiomas were ablated via a CT-guided percutaneous approach (CT-guided ablation group), and 27 hemangiomas were treated via a laparoscopic approach (laparoscopic ablation group). RESULTS: The mean diameter of the 51 hemangiomas was 9.6 ± 1.8 cm (range, 6.0-12.0 cm). There was no difference in the diameter of hemangiomas between the two groups (P > 0.05). RF ablation was performed successfully in all patients. There was no difference in ablation times between groups (P > 0.05). There were 23 thoracic complications in 17 patients: 15 (62.5%, 15/24) in the CT-guided ablation group and 2 (7.4%, 2/27) in the laparoscopic ablation group (P < 0.05). According to the Dindo-Clavien classification, two complications (pleural effusion and diaphragmatic rupture grade III) were major in two patients. All others were minor (grade I). Both major complications occurred in the CT-guided ablation group. The minor complications were treated successfully with conservative measures, and the two major complications underwent treatment by chest tube drainage and thoracoscopic surgery, respectively. Complete ablation was achieved in 91.7% (22/24) and 96.3% (26/27) in the CT-guided and the laparoscopic ablation groups, respectively (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic RF ablation therapy should be used as the first-line treatment option for large hepatic hemangiomas abutting the diaphragm. It avoids thermal injury to the diaphragm and reduces thoracic complications. PMID:26019459

  20. Fetal hepatic hemangioma representing non-reassuring pattern in fetal heart rate monitoring.

    PubMed

    Morimura, Yutaka; Fujimori, Keiya; Ishida, Tomohiko; Ito, Akiko; Nomura, Yasuhisa; Sato, Akira

    2003-10-01

    To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a non-reassuring fetal pattern caused by a hepatic hemangioma that was found during fetal heart rate monitoring. A 37 weeks' gestation, a 32-year-old-woman was referred to our hospital for evaluation of a rapidly growing fetal abdominal tumor. Fetal heart rate monitoring revealed a non-reassuring pattern, and a cesarean section was performed as a result. Examination of the 2820 g female infant suggested a hepatic hemangioma accompanying an intratumor hemorrhage and coagulopathy. The infant died 2 days after birth. The autopsy confirmed that the cause of death was a result of a hepatic hemangioma. Frequent monitoring of fetuses and ultrasound examinations are necessary for determining the timing of delivery and for a favorable prognosis. PMID:14641708

  1. Hydranencephaly with cholestasis and giant hepatitis.

    PubMed

    Kawashima, Hisashi; Watanabe, Chiako; Nishimata, Shigeo; Kashiwagi, Yasuyo; Ioi, Hiroaki; Takekuma, Kouji; Kage, Masayoshi

    2006-01-01

    We present a rare case of hydranencephaly with cholestasis and giant hepatitis. Studies for infectious agents were all negative including for the detection of virus in liver tissue by using polymerase chain reaction. Although the anterior pituitary functions (cortisol, thyroid stimulating hormone, free T4, human growth hormone) were normal, the patient revealed massive cholestasis and giant hepatitis. PMID:17063118

  2. Lack of anti-tumor activity by anti-VEGF treatments in hepatic hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Lee, Minsu; Choi, Jin-Young; Lim, Joon Seok; Park, Mi-Suk; Kim, Myeong-Jin; Kim, Honsoul

    2016-04-01

    Recently, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents have been described in the literature as a valid treatment option for symptomatic liver hemangiomas, but only limited evidence supports this notion. The purpose of this study was to elucidate whether or not the administration of anti-VEGF agents can reliably achieve a size reduction in liver hemangiomas. We examined patients with incidental hemangiomas who received anti-angiogenic agents for the treatment of other malignancies. Our study population consisted of 17 colorectal cancer patients and one lung cancer patient carrying 21 hemangiomas who received bevacizumab, and seven renal cell carcinoma patients carrying nine hepatic hemangiomas who received sunitinib. We have measured the liver hemangioma volume on both the pre-treatment and post-treatment computed tomography images and then calculated the volume alteration rates. No statistically significant difference (P = 0.365) in the volume of the liver hemangiomas was observed before (1.1-168.8 cm(3); mean ± SD 19.8 ± 39.7 cm(3)) or after (1.2-163.6 cm(3); 19.3 ± 38.0 cm(3)) bevacizumab treatment. The volume reduction rate ranged from -35.0 to 11.2 % (mean ± SD -1.3 ± 10.8 %). The sunitinib treatment group also showed no statistically significant difference (P = 0.889) in hemangioma volume before (1.2-6.5 cm(3); 3.0 ± 1.8 cm(3)) or after (1.2-6.0 cm(3); 3.0-1.7 cm(3)) treatment. The volume reduction rate ranged from -13.3 to 7.7 % (median: mean ± SD -2.5 ± 6.6 %). We did not observe liver hemangioma shrinkage after bevacizumab or sunitinib treatment. Our data do not support the application of anti-VEGF agents for the treatment of hepatic hemangiomas. PMID:26816001

  3. Magnetic resonance imaging of a small vessel hepatic hemangioma in a cirrhotic patient with histopathologic correlation.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Sara; Aljarallah, Badr; Trivedi, Anshu; Thung, Swan N

    2015-01-01

    The authors report and discuss a rare case of a small vessel hepatic hemangioma in a 59-year-old patient with liver cirrhosis, which was pre-procedurally characterized as indeterminate due to atypical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features. This manuscript reviews the MRI features with pathologic correlation, emphasizes the importance of accurate characterization of liver lesions, and discusses the role of biopsy. We believe this is the first reported case of a small vessel hemangioma in liver cirrhosis with imaging and histopathologic correlation. PMID:25748474

  4. Hepatic Hemangiomas: Spectrum of US Appearances on Gray-scale, Power Doppler, and Contrast-Enhanced US

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Kyoung Won; Kim, Tae Kyoung; Han, Joon Koo; Kim, Ah Young; Lee, Hyun Ju; Park, Seong Ho; Kim, Young Hoon

    2000-01-01

    Because US plays a key role in the initial evaluation of hepatic hemangiomas, knowledge of the entire spectrum of US appearances of these tumors is important. Most hemangiomas have a distinctive US appearance, and even with those with atypical appearances on conventional gray-scale US, specific diagnoses can be made using pulse-inversion harmonic US with contrast agents. In this essay, we review the spectrum of US appearances of hepatic hemangiomas on conventional gray-scale, power Doppler, and pulse-inversion harmonic US with contrast agents. PMID:11752954

  5. Interventional Treatment of a Symptomatic Neonatal Hepatic Cavernous Hemangioma Using the Amplatzer Vascular Plug

    SciTech Connect

    Kretschmar, Oliver Knirsch, Walter; Bernet, Vera

    2008-03-15

    Percutaneous intervention is one treatment option for symptomatic hepatic hemangioma in infants. We report the case of a newborn (birth weight 4060 g) with a large hepatic cavernous hemangioma, which presented early with high cardiac output failure due to arteriovenous shunting and signs of incipient Kasabach-Merritt syndrome. We performed a successful superselective transcatheter coil embolization of three feeding arteries on the seventh day of life. Because of remaining diffuse very small arteries causing a relevant residual shunt, additional occlusion of the three main draining veins was necessary with three Amplatzer vascular plugs. Cardiac failure resolved immediately. Without any additional therapy the large venous cavities disappeared within the following months. The tumor continues to regress in size 8 months after the intervention.

  6. Definitive diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas: MR imaging versus Tc-99m-labeled red blood cell SPECT

    SciTech Connect

    Birnbaum, B.A.; Weinreb, J.C.; Megibow, A.J.; Sanger, J.J.; Lubat, E.; Kanamuller, H.; Noz, M.E.; Bosniak, M.A. )

    1990-07-01

    Thirty-seven patients with 69 suspected hemangiomas found by means of computed tomography (CT) and/or ultrasound were studied with both 0.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and single photon emission CT (SPECT) with technetium-99m-labeled red blood cells. Using a criterion of perfusion-blood pool mismatch, SPECT readers diagnosed 50 of 64 hemangiomas and all five nonhemangiomas (sensitivity, 78% (95% confidence interval, 0.664 - 0.864); accuracy, 80% (0.69 - 0.877)). Qualitative analysis of lesion signal intensity on T2-weighted spin-echo MR images allowed readers to diagnose 58 of 64 hemangiomas and four of five nonhemangiomas (sensitivity, 91% (0.814 - 0.96); accuracy, 90% (0.807 - 0.951)). Because of the significantly higher cost of MR imaging and its inability to categorically differentiate hemangiomas from hypervascular metastases, the authors consider SPECT to be the method of choice for diagnosing hepatic hemangiomas. MR imaging should be reserved for the diagnosis of lesions smaller than 2.0 cm and for those 2.5 cm and smaller adjacent to the heart or major hepatic vessels; in such cases MR imaging was found superior to SPECT.

  7. Transcatheter Arterial Embolization of Two Symptomatic Giant Cavernous Hemangiomas of the Liver

    SciTech Connect

    Althaus, Sandra; Ashdown, Boyd; Coldwell, Douglas; Helton, W. Scott; Freeny, Patrick C.

    1996-09-15

    Cavernous hemangiomas are usually asymptomatic; however, a small percentage may cause symptoms. This case report discusses palliation by transcatheter arterial embolization with polyvinyl alcohol particles.

  8. Surgical Treatment of a Giant Right Hepatic Artery Aneurysm with an Aberrant Left Hepatic Artery: Report of a Case

    PubMed Central

    Toya, Naoki; Fukushima, Soichiro; Momose, Masamichi; Akiba, Tadashi; Ohki, Takao

    2015-01-01

    Hepatic artery aneurysms are rare. We describe a case of a successful surgical treatment of a giant hepatic aneurysm without revascularization. A 63-year-old female was admitted to our department complaining of abdominal pain. Computed tomography showed a thrombosed hepatic artery aneurysm measuring 5.5 cm in diameter. A celiac angiography revealed an aberrant left hepatic artery and a right hepatic aneurysm. Liver blood flow and the right hepatic aneurysm were visualized via collateral pathway from the aberrant left hepatic artery. We performed an aneurysmorrhaphy without revascularization. Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient is doing well 3 months after surgery. PMID:26421083

  9. Hepatic resection for primary giant leiomyoma of the liver

    PubMed Central

    Ciciliano, F; lannelli, A; Marano, I

    2001-01-01

    Background Smooth muscle tumours are common in the genito-urinary and gastro-intestinal tracts, but primary leiomyoma of the liver is extremely rare. Only a few cases have been reported to date. Case outline We report a case of giant leiomyoma of the liver in a 67-year-old woman that was treated by an extended right hepatectomy. There was no evidence of leiomyoma elsewhere in the abdomen (including the uterus). Discussion This appears to be the largest hepatic leiomyoma reported in the literature. PMID:18333008

  10. Frequency of Arteriovenous Shunts in Hepatic Cavernous Hemangiomas in Adults as Seen on Selective Arteriography and Postembolization Radiography

    SciTech Connect

    Ouyang Yong; Ouyang Xuehui; Yu Ming; Gu Shubin

    2001-05-15

    Purpose: To study the frequency and angiographic findings of arteriovenous shunts (AVS) associated with adult cavernous hemangiomas of the liver (CHL) on hepatic artery digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and optimize the imaging technique of DSA to improve its diagnostic efficacy.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 43 intraarterial DSA procedures performed on 30 adults with CHL. Of the 30 patients 22 were found to have an AVS. Transcatheter arterial embolization with Lipiodol (L-TAE) was performed on 21 of these and radiographs were taken immediately after embolization to observe the distribution of the injected iodized oil. The results were compared with those of the AVS found on DSA images.Results: AVS were identified by DSA in 22 (73.3%) of 30 patients. All AVS were located in the peritumoral liver tissue and had a parallel track appearance, or early filling of small draining veins during the arterial phase of DSA. Radiographs taken immediately after L-TAE in 21 of the 22 cases with AVS showed iodized oil filling a few portal branches or draining veins as a result of incompletely occluded shunts in 11 patients. In 10 patients there was complete occlusion and no filling of any vein, or only the originating end of draining veins filled with iodized oil. No evidence of AVS was found in the other eight patients in this series, and in six of these the DSA was not considered diagnostic.Conclusion: The present study indicates that AVS are frequently seen in adults with CHL. DSA with high-quality images is helpful in identifying small AVS of CHL. The formation of an AVS in CHL may be closely related to the pathological changes in the peritumoral liver tissue.

  11. Capillary Hemangioma

    MedlinePLUS

    ... between 12 and 15 months of age. Most regress nearly completely by 5 or 6 years of ... away? Capillary hemangiomas typically take several years to regress. The involved skin may retain a red color ...

  12. Intramuscular Hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Wierzbicki, Joseph M.; Henderson, Jeffrey H.; Scarborough, Mark T.; Bush, Charles H.; Reith, John D.; Clugston, James R.

    2013-01-01

    Context: Intramuscular hemangiomas are common in the general population and often present at medical and surgical clinics. Unfortunately, unfamiliarity with these lesions has led to a high percentage of misdiagnoses, inappropriate workup, and unnecessary referrals. Evidence Acquisition: A literature search was performed using Medline, Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane. The relevant articles and referenced sources were reviewed for additional articles that discussed the epidemiology, pathophysiology, investigation, and management of intramuscular hemangiomas. Clinical experience from experts in orthopaedics, musculoskeletal pathology, and musculoskeletal radiology was compared. The selected case studies are shared cases of the authors. Results and Conclusion: The pathophysiology of these lesions is not completely understood, but much can be implied from their underlying vascular nature. Isolated lesions are benign tumors that never metastasize but tend to enlarge and then involute over time. Magnetic resonance imaging is the imaging modality of choice. If a systemic disorder or malignancy is not suspected or has been ruled out, conservative management is the treatment of choice for most intramuscular hemangiomas. PMID:24427416

  13. Single-incision laparoscopic management of a giant hepatic cyst

    PubMed Central

    Willems, Kaitlin; Monsivais, Sharon; Vassaur, Hannah; Buckley, Francis P.

    2015-01-01

    Large symptomatic hepatic cysts may warrant surgical management. Traditional multiport laparoscopic technique is typically preferred over open laparotomy, but the use of the single-incision laparoscopic approach for this diagnosis is not well documented. Here, we describe the case of a 68-year-old woman who underwent complete anterior wall fenestration, excision and cauterization of a simple hepatic cyst via a single-incision laparoscopic technique through an incision at the umbilicus. The objective of this case report is to document single-incision laparoscopy as a safe, feasible and cosmetically appealing approach for the management of a large hepatic cyst. PMID:26224889

  14. Giant Hepatic Carcinoid: A Rare Tumor with a Favorable Prognosis

    PubMed Central

    Elens, Maxime; Vrancken, Celine; Nuytens, Frederiek; Meert, Thibault; Delugeau, Veronique

    2014-01-01

    Primary hepatic carcinoids are rare tumors that are often diagnosed at a locally advanced stage. Their primary nature can only be ascertained after thorough investigations and long-term follow-up to exclude another primary origin. As with secondary neuroendocrine liver tumors, surgical resection remains the mainstay of therapy. Despite their large size and often central location liver resection is often feasible, offering long-term survival and cure to most patients. In selected patients liver transplantation appears to be a good indication for tumors not amenable to liver resection. An aggressive surgical attitude is therefore warranted. We report a large and unusually fast-growing liver carcinoid that appeared only marginally resectable in a patient who remains free of disease four years after surgery. PMID:24653852

  15. Diagnosis and management of cavernous hemangioma of the liver

    SciTech Connect

    Takagi, H.

    1985-01-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of the liver, which are now seen more often thanks to common use of newer imaging techniques. A review of the literature on cavernous hemangiomas of the liver, including the author's experience with 14 cases, provides data as a touchstone for discussion of the incidence, etiology, symptoms, pathology, diagnosis including ultrasound, radionuclide imaging, computed tomography and angiography, management including resection, hepatic artery ligation, radiation and corticosteroid, and the natural history of these lesions. The author concludes that surgical resection of cavernous hemangiomas should be undertaken with due concern for the relation between the severity of symptoms and the operative risks involved.

  16. Pathogenesis of infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Uihlein, Lily Changchien; Liang, Marilyn G; Mulliken, John B

    2012-08-01

    1.Review the key features of the life cycle of infantile hemangiomas.2.Highlight cellular and molecular pathways involved in hemangioma-genesis.3.Discuss theories that may account for hemangioma-genesis.In the past, it was believed that a mother's visual impressions or behavior during pregnancy caused the growth of infantile hemangioma in her unborn child. She might have had an excessive craving for strawberries, witnessed the slaughter of an animal, directly contacted human or animal blood, or mocked a child with a similar birthmark.1 This folklore began to slowly fade once hemangiomas were examined through the light microscope. In 1863, Virchow2 suggested that hemangiomas are composed of proliferating new blood vessels resulting from progressive irritation of tissue. In 1933, Laidlow and Murray3 proposed a phylogenetic origin for hemangiomas and hypothesized that hemangiomas are remnants of vascular tufts functioning as accessory lungs for primitive amphibia. Pack and Miller4 (1950) hypothesized that hemangiomas develop from embryonic islands of angioblastic cells that were isolated from the systemic vasculature during fetal development. PMID:22881413

  17. Unusual Severe Complication Following Transarterial Chemoembolization for Metastatic Malignant Melanoma: Giant Intrahepatic Cyst and Fatal Hepatic Failure

    SciTech Connect

    Ataergin, Selmin; Tasar, Mustafa; Solchaga, Luis; Ozet, Ahmet; Arpaci, Fikret

    2009-03-15

    We describe a 45-year-old male patient with malignant melanoma who underwent hepatic arterial chemoembolization due to liver metastases. Four months after the procedure, the patient developed a giant cystic cavity in the liver. Cytologic examination of the cystic fluid retention revealed necrotic tumor material. The fluid was drained by percutaneous catheter, but the patient developed hepatic failure. This case represents another rare complication of transarterial chemoembolization and shows that transarterial chemoembolization may have rare fatal complications.

  18. Hemangiomas and the eye.

    PubMed

    Spence-Shishido, Allyson A; Good, William V; Baselga, Eulalia; Frieden, Ilona J

    2015-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are a common vascular birthmark with heterogeneous presentations and unique growth characteristics with early rapid growth and eventual self-involution. Hemangiomas that develop around the eye have the potential for inducing amblyopia by several mechanisms and may eventually result in permanent visual impairment in otherwise healthy infants. Segmental periocular hemangiomas carry the additional risk of associated structural anomalies and PHACE syndrome. In recent years, the treatment of periocular hemangiomas has been revolutionized by the serendipitous discovery of the effectiveness of beta-blockers (systemic and topical), with most experts viewing these as first-line therapies. The management of periocular hemangiomas should involve a close partnership between an ophthalmologist and dermatologist or other relevant specialists familiar with the unique clinical features, differential diagnosis, treatment approaches, and potential complications. PMID:25704937

  19. Vasculogenesis in Infantile Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Boscolo, Elisa; Bischoff, Joyce

    2010-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma is a vascular tumor that occurs in 5-10% of infants of European descent. A defining feature of infantile hemangioma is its dramatic growth and development into a disorganized mass of blood vessels. Subsequently, a slow spontaneous involution begins around one year of age and continues for four to six years. The growth and involution of infantile hemangioma is very different from other vascular tumors and vascular malformations, which do not regress and can occur at any time during childhood or adult life. Much has been learned from careful study of the tissue morphology and gene expression patterns during the life-cycle of hemangioma. Tissue explants and tumor-derived cell populations have provided further insight to unravel the cellular and molecular basis of infantile hemangioma. A multipotent progenitor cell capable of de novo blood vessel formation has been isolated from infantile hemangioma, which suggests that this common tumor of infancy, long considered to be a model for pathologic angiogenesis, may also represent pathologic vasculogenesis. Whether viewed as angiogenesis or vasculogenesis, infantile hemangioma represents a vascular perturbation during a critical period of post-natal growth, and as such provides a unique opportunity to decipher mechanisms of human vascular development. PMID:19430954

  20. [Anesthesia for a patient with a giant hepatoma associated with severe acute hepatic damage].

    PubMed

    Tanaka, M; Tanaka, Y

    1991-07-01

    We gave anesthesia to a patient for extensive right lobe hepatectomy. Although the liver function test revealed acute exacerbation just before the operation, we carried out anesthesia, diagnosing it to be due to giant liver tumor. The anesthesia was maintained with nitrous oxide, oxygen and epidural anesthesia with 1.5% lidocaine or 0.25% bupivacaine. A biopump inserted between the inferior vena cava and the left basilic vein was used during the right lobe resection to maintain sufficient venous return to the right atrium during the right lobe resection. Ketone body ratio was checked frequently in order to know the remnant liver energy charge and glucose was loaded properly. The surgery and anesthesia were uneventful. The resected right lobe weighed 2380 g, with necrosis of moderate size at the posterior-inferior segment. The serum transaminase decreased markedly after operation. It is important to have accurate diagnosis before we anesthetize patients with acute hepatic damage. PMID:1656114

  1. Propranolol for Infantile Hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Levy, Moise L.

    2012-01-01

    Hemangiomas are common vascular birthmarks that usually present a predictable pattern of proliferation and ultimate involution. Most do not require any treatment. When intervention is clinically indicated, medical and surgical options exist. Historically, corticosteroids have been used and have been shown to slow or stop the growth of a majority of hemangiomas; however, growth concerns and infectious complications have complicated their use. In 2008, a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine described another serendipitous observation of the effect of the nonselective beta-blocker, propranolol, on hemangiomas in 9 cases. This finding has been expanded by the authors of this original observation as well as others. PMID:24278812

  2. Propranolol for infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Levy, Moise L

    2012-05-01

    Hemangiomas are common vascular birthmarks that usually present a predictable pattern of proliferation and ultimate involution. Most do not require any treatment. When intervention is clinically indicated, medical and surgical options exist. Historically, corticosteroids have been used and have been shown to slow or stop the growth of a majority of hemangiomas; however, growth concerns and infectious complications have complicated their use. In 2008, a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine described another serendipitous observation of the effect of the nonselective beta-blocker, propranolol, on hemangiomas in 9 cases. This finding has been expanded by the authors of this original observation as well as others. PMID:24278812

  3. Dramatic response of propranolol in hemangioma: report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Jadhav, Vikrant M; Tolat, Sunil N

    2010-01-01

    Hemangiomas are indolent birthmarks of vascular origin, which are known to appear soon after birth, proliferate for 8-18 months, and then slowly regress over the next 5-8 years, leaving behind normal or slightly blemished skin. In rare instances, hemangiomas may encroach upon and endanger vital structures with a mortality of up to 60%. Multiple therapeutic modalities are available for hemangiomas with variable results and associated with side effects. We report two cases of hemangioma, successfully treated with propranolol. Case 1 was a 5-month-old female child who presented with a giant segmental hemangioma since birth. She was unable to open her left eye over the past 7 days. Within 48 hours of administering full dose of oral propranolol (2 mg/kg/day), the lesion decreased considerably, and the patient was able to open her eye. Case 2 was a 1-year-old female child who presented with hemangioma over the danger area of face. Oral propranolol was given for a period of 6 months with monthly follow up. Both the cases showed dramatic response, with more than 80% regression, without any relapse after stopping the treatment. PMID:21079315

  4. Circumscribed Choroidal Hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Karimi, Saeed; Nourinia, Ramin; Mashayekhi, Arman

    2015-01-01

    Circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas are benign vascular hamartomas without systemic associations. Generally, they are orange-red elevated masses, which are found posterior to the equator. Lesions are usually solitary and unilateral. Overlying subretinal fluid, serous retinal detachment and cystoid macular edema are common findings. Intravenous fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, ultrasonography, optical coherence tomography and enhanced depth imaging are helpful ancillary tests for diagnosis of circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas. Asymptomatic circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas do not require treatment. For symptomatic lesions with exudative retinal detachment or cystoid macular edema, photodynamic therapy has emerged as the treatment of choice with high rates of tumor regression, subretinal fluid resorption and minimal complications. Lens-sparing external beam radiotherapy, plaque brachytherapy, proton beam therapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, transpupillary thermotherapy, laser photocoagulation and anti-VEGF injections are other treatment modalities. PMID:26730320

  5. Hemangiomas and vascular malformations.

    PubMed

    Wisnicki, J L

    1984-01-01

    The classification, natural history, and treatment of hemangiomas, arteriovenous fistulas, lymphangiomas, and port-wine stains are in many respects as puzzling now as they were fifty years ago. A review of the literature assesses the progress made and addresses the questions yet to be answered. PMID:6367602

  6. [Intraosseous cranioorbital hemangiomas].

    PubMed

    Belov, A I; Cherekaev, V A; Shishkina, L V; Lasunin, N V; Kadasheva, A B; Grigor'eva, N N; Podoprigora, A E

    2011-01-01

    The authors describe 2 cases of primary intraosseous cavernous hemangioma (PICH). PICH are extremely rare tumors that represent less than 1% of all tumors of the bone. Only 20% of them involve skull. In both cases clinical findings were presented by proptosis, oculomotor disorders and chronic daily headaches. Surgery is the most recommended method of treatment. The best surgical management is gross total resection within intact tissue. In both cases tumor was removed completely. PMID:22066260

  7. Fatal spontaneous subdural bleeding due to neonatal giant cell hepatitis: a rare differential diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome.

    PubMed

    Guddat, Saskia S; Ehrlich, Edwin; Martin, Hubert; Tsokos, Michael

    2011-09-01

    A 7-week-old girl showed vomiting after feeding, facial pallor, loss of muscle tone and respiratory depression. An emergency doctor performed successful resuscitation and after arrival in hospital, cranial ultrasound showed left-sided subdural hemorrhage, cerebral edema with a shift of the midline, and a decrease in cerebral perfusion. Ophthalmologic examination showed retinal hemorrhage. In view of this, the doctors suspected shaken baby syndrome and approached the parents with their suspicions, but they denied any shaking or trauma. Despite surgery for the subdural hemorrhage the girl died a few hours later with a severe coagulopathy. Autopsy verified subdural hemorrhage, cerebral edema and retinal hemorrhage, but also revealed intact bridging veins and a lack of optic nerve sheath hemorrhage, therefore shaken baby syndrome could not be proven by autopsy. Histological examination showed severe neonatal giant cell hepatitis as the cause of the severe coagulopathy and the associated spontaneous subdural bleeding. Neonatal giant cell hepatitis may be responsible for unexpected deaths in infancy and, although rarely associated with subdural bleeding, must be considered as a potential differential diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome. PMID:21331818

  8. Scrotal hemangioma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Chavan, Deepak; Javalgi, Anita P

    2014-12-01

    We report a case of scrotal-hemangioma in a 14-year-old boy. Subcutaneous scrotal-perineal hemangioma may mimic an inguinal hernia, thus forming a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Histopathological study confirms the diagnosis. Definitive treatment by en bloc excision is recommended. PMID:25653989

  9. Signaling mechanisms in infantile hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Boye, Eileen; Olsen, Bjorn R.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose of review Infantile hemangioma is a common vascular tumor with a unique lifecycle: rapid growth in infancy, followed by a period of involution, leading to complete regression. This review summarizes recent studies of molecular mechanisms of hemangioma formation and places new findings and hypotheses in the context of past accomplishments. Recent findings The new work identifies a novel signaling pathway for vascular growth factor and extracellular matrix regulation in vascular endothelial cells and provides a basis for novel therapeutic strategies. In hemangioma-derived endothelial cells defects in a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor/integrin complex reduce the expression of a vascular endothelial growth factor decoy receptor. As a consequence, hemangioma endothelial cells exhibit constitutive vascular endothelial growth factor signaling. Germ-line mutations in components of the growth factor receptor/integrin complex in some hemangioma patients, and somatic mutations in a phosphatase in sporadic hemangioma specimens, raise the possibility that hemangioma formation involves a combination of germline risk factor mutations and somatic mutations, similar to what recent studies have shown is the case for venous malformations. Summary Alterations in pathways that negatively control vascular endothelial growth factor signaling in vascular endothelial cells are responsible for the formation and rapid growth of infantile hemangiomas. PMID:19367160

  10. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Sledding, Skiing, Snowboarding, Skating Crushes What's a Booger? Hepatitis KidsHealth > For Kids > Hepatitis Print A A A ... an important digestive liquid called bile . What Is Hepatitis? Hepatitis is an inflammation (say: in-fluh-MAY- ...

  11. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for the virus that causes it; for example, hepatitis A, hepatitis B or hepatitis C. Drug or alcohol ... not, it can be treated with drugs. Sometimes hepatitis lasts a lifetime. Vaccines can help prevent some viral forms.

  12. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Your Best Self Smart Snacking Losing Weight Safely Hepatitis KidsHealth > Teens > Infections > Sexually Transmitted Diseases > Hepatitis Print ... to a liver condition called hepatitis . What Is Hepatitis? The liver is one of the body's powerhouses. ...

  13. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Digestive System How the Body Works Main Page Hepatitis KidsHealth > Kids > Health Problems > Infections > Hepatitis Print A ... an important digestive liquid called bile . What Is Hepatitis? Hepatitis is an inflammation (say: in-fluh-MAY- ...

  14. Thoracic Extraosseous Epidural Cavernous Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Asil, Kiyasettin; Ceylan, Davut; Erdem, Sahin

    2015-01-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas were first reported in 1929 by Globus and Doshay, and are defined as benign vascular structures developed between the neural tissues occurring in the central nervous system, consisting of a dilated vascular bed. Cavernous hemangiomas comprise nearly 5-12% of all spinal vascular malformations; however, existence in the epidural space without bone involvement is rare. Only 4% of all cavernous hemangiomas (0.22/1.000.000) are purely epidural cavernous hemangiomas. In this case report, we removed a hemorrhagic thoracic mass presenting with progressive neurological deficits in a 55-year-old male patient. We found this case to be appropriate for presentation due to the rare occurrence of this type of cavernous hemangioma. PMID:25674348

  15. Successful adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation using liver allograft after the resection of hemangioma: A suggestive case for a further expansion of living donor pool

    PubMed Central

    Onishi, Yasuharu; Kamei, Hideya; Imai, Hisashi; Kurata, Nobuhiko; Hori, Tomohide; Ogura, Yasuhiro

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Hepatic hemangioma is one of the most common benign liver tumors. There are few published reports regarding liver transplantation using liver allografts with hemangioma. Presentation of case A 45-year-old man was evaluated as a living donor for 19-year-old son with cirrhosis due to hepatic fibrosis. Preoperative investigations revealed 20 and 7mm hemangiomas, at segment 2 (S2) and 4 (S4) respectively. Considering the anatomical relation of S2 hemangioma and Glisson 2, liver graft was designed as left lobe excluded S2 hemangioma by partial resection. Estimated graft recipient weight ratio (GRWR) even after partial resection of hemangioma was reasonable. During the donor operation, a partial hepatic resection of S2 hemangioma was performed. Intraoperative pathologic findings revealed a cavernous hemangioma, and then, the left hepatic graft with the caudate lobe was harvested. Actual GRWR was 0.90%. Donor's postoperative course was uneventful. Recipients post-operative course was almost uneventful. Postoperative computed tomography of the recipient showed the graft regeneration without increase or recurrence of hemangioma. Discussion Organ shortage is a major concern in the field of liver transplantation. A novel donor source with a further option is extremely crucial for a guarantee of liver transplantation. We experienced the first case of adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation using liver allograft after the resection of hemangioma. Conclusion We advocate that the use of liver allograft with hemangiomas in adult-to-adult LDLT settings can be remarkable strategy to reduce the problem of organ shortage without any unfavorable consequences in both living donor and recipient. PMID:26476494

  16. Infantile hemangiomas: A review

    PubMed Central

    Callahan, Alison B.; Yoon, Michael K.

    2012-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are the most common eyelid and orbital tumors of childhood. Although they are considered benign lesions that have a generally self-limited course, in the periocular region, they have the potential to cause amblyopia, strabismus, and severe disfigurement. The decision for treatment can be a source of anxiety for patients, parents, and physicians alike. There are numerous treatment modalities, including emerging therapies that may make treatment safer and more effective than ever before. This review discusses our current understanding of this disease, its management, and future therapies. PMID:23961007

  17. Nasal Bridge Intramuscular Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Hamir Basah, Zulkifli; Ramza Ramli, Ramiza; Gayadh, Maha Khadum; Mutum, Samarendra Singh

    2015-01-01

    Intramuscular haemangioma (IMH) is a benign mesenchymal tumour. It appears as a deep, nontender mass within the soft tissue, particularly in the extremities. This tumour may not be obvious on clinical examination. Head and neck IMHs represent only 13.5% of the total IMHs. The most common site for a head and neck IMH is the masseter muscle, followed by trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, and very rarely temporalis muscle. We present a patient with left nasal bridge swelling which was excised and histologically confirmed as intramuscular hemangioma. PMID:25709848

  18. Hemangioma of the Zygomatic Bone.

    PubMed

    Aykan, Andaç; Keleş, Musa Kemal; Bayram, Yalçin; Çiçek, Ali Fuat; Uysal, Yusuf; Sanal, Hatice Tuba; Zor, Fatih

    2016-03-01

    Benign masses arising from facial bones have been reported several times in the literature. Hemangiomas are one of the uncommon benign tumors. In this study, the authors aimed to present a rare patient of zygomatic intraosseos hemangioma and their management. A 40-year-old woman with a mass in her left lateral cantus admitted to our clinic. Preoperative computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed an osseos mass in her left zygoma. The authors conclude that it should be kept in mind that although they are very rare benign tumors, intraosseos hemangiomas can cause facial masses. Meticulous radiologic examination can give important clues for differential diagnosis before the surgery. PMID:26872282

  19. Infantile Hemangioma: A Brief Review

    PubMed Central

    BOTA, MADALINA; POPA, GHEORGHE; BLAG, CRISTINA; TATARU, ALEXANDRU

    2015-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas as frequent infancy tumors have been a controversial issue of medical scientists worldwide. Their clinical aspects are various and their physiopathology is yet to be fully understood. Numerous publications outline the characteristics, causes, evolution possibilities and therapeutic approaches. Deciding whether to treat or not is the main question of this kind of pathology. Hemangiomas that have complications or can cause irreversible damage need therapy. This is a brief review of up-to-date information regarding the presentation of infantile hemangiomas and target-therapies. PMID:26528043

  20. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Issues Listen Espaol Text Size Email Print Share Hepatitis Page Content Article Body Hepatitis means inflammation of ... it has been associated with drinking contaminated water. Hepatitis Viruses Type Transmission Prognosis A Fecal-oral (stool ...

  1. Orbital cavernous hemangioma of childhood.

    PubMed

    Maheshwari, Rajat; Thool, Alka

    2007-01-01

    Ocular and orbital tumors, both benign and malignant, occur relatively frequently in infants and children. Benign masses are much more common than malignant in the orbital region. However, childhood tumors show great variability and it is difficult to differentiate benign from malignant lesions. Cavernous hemangioma is the most common benign neoplasm of the orbit in adults. We report a case of orbital cavernous hemangioma in a four-year-old girl presenting as unilateral painless proptosis. PMID:17595488

  2. [Choroidal hemangioma and epiretinal membrane].

    PubMed

    Samoil?, O; C?lug?ru, D; C?lug?ru, M; Kaucsar, Emese; Stan, Cristina

    2006-01-01

    Choroidal hemangiomas are benign vascular hamartomas developed from birth, but undetected until the 4th and 5th decade. They have been seldom described in association with epiretinal membranes. Here we present a patient with associated pathology choroidal hemangioma with atypical fluorescein angiography pattern, undetected on ocular echography hence the difficulties in establishing a positive diagnosis and epiretinal membrane observed both clinically and on fluorescein angiography. Visual acuity is impaired by cystoid macular edema, with a complicated pathogenetic mechanism. PMID:17144511

  3. Chorionic villus sampling and hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Holmes, Lewis B

    2009-03-01

    Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is a widely used and safe method of prenatal diagnosis. In the 1990s, concerns were raised at several medical centers that there was an increased risk to the exposed fetus for the occurrence of limb deficiencies, hemangiomas, and other vascular disruption defects. The risk was greater when the procedure was performed earlier in pregnancy, such as 8 or 9 weeks of gestation. The postulated mechanisms for the fetal injury included blood loss, hypoperfusion, hypoxia, endothelial cell damage, hemorrhage, and tissue loss. The effect was most common in tissues with end arteries, such as digits, tongue, brain stem, and intestine. The associated hemangiomas were infantile hemangiomas. They were more common on the head, neck, and thorax and more often multiple in infants exposed to CVS. One postulated mechanism for the occurrence of these hemangiomas is embolization of angioblasts or endothelial cells from the placenta to the fetal skin. A question to be answered is whether the infantile hemangiomas in children exposed to CVS differ in immunohistologic characteristics from similar hemangiomas in children not exposed to CVS during pregnancy. PMID:19218861

  4. Differentiation between multiple liver hemangiomas and liver metastases of gastrinomas: Value of enhanced MRI

    SciTech Connect

    Berger, J.F.; Laissy, J.P.; Limot, O.; Cadiot, G.

    1996-05-01

    Hepatic metastases of neuroendocrine tumors are known to mimic hemangiomas on nonenhanced SE MR sequences. The usefulness of MR examination with gadolinium injection to identify lesions was prospectively evaluated. Nine patients with multiple liver metastases of gastrinomas were compared with six patients showing multiple liver hemangiomas. Patients underwent unenhanced T2-weighted SE, T1-weighted SE, and FLASH sequences, followed by enhanced sequential FLASH sequences and a 5 min delayed T1-weighted SE sequence. On T2-weighted SE sequence, all hemangiomas displayed the same typical morphology as a sharply defined, homogeneous, high signal intensity lesion, but this pattern was also observed for some or all of the lesions in seven of nine patients with gastrinoma metastases. Dynamic FLASH sequences were accurate for lesions larger than 2 cm, hemangiomas displaying a nodular peripheral enhancement with centripetal filling in, and metastases displaying either an initial homogeneous or a regular peripheral enhancement. Precise assessment of lesions smaller than 2 cm remained equivocal. Delayed T1-weighted SE sequence (performed at least 5 min after Gd-chelate injection) was the most accurate technique to identify metastases by showing hypo-or isointensity signal, whereas all hemangiomas were hyperintense. Postcontrast delayed T1-weighted sequence is the primary technique to differentiate equivocal cases of hemangiomas from metastases of gastrinoma. 25 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  5. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... from a hepatitis A infection, that person has immunity to the virus, meaning he or she will ... from the disease and may develop a natural immunity to future hepatitis B infections. But some people ...

  6. Mechanisms of propranolol action in infantile hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Kum, Jina JY; Khan, Zia A

    2014-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma is a common tumor of infancy. Although most hemangiomas spontaneously regress, treatment is indicated based on complications, risk to organ development and function, and disfigurement. The serendipitous discovery of propranolol, a non-selective ?-adrenergic receptor blocker, as an effective means to regress hemangiomas has made this a first-line therapy for hemangioma patients. Propranolol has shown remarkable response rates. There are, however, some adverse effects, which include changes in sleep, acrocyanosis, hypotension, and hypoglycemia. Over the last few years, researchers have focused on understanding the mechanisms by which propranolol causes hemangioma regression. This has entailed study of cultured vascular endothelial cells including endothelial cells isolated from hemangioma patients. In this article, we review recent studies offering potential mechanisms of how various cell types found in hemangioma may respond to propranolol. PMID:26413184

  7. Extraconal cavernous hemangioma of orbit: A case report.

    PubMed

    Anand, Rama; Deria, Kavita; Sharma, Pankaj; Narula, Mk; Garg, Rajiv

    2008-11-01

    Cavernous hemangioma is the most common benign noninfiltrative neoplasm of the orbit. Most cavernous hemangiomas are intraconal and lateral in location. We present a case of a cavernous hemangioma with an unusual extraconal and superomedial location. PMID:19774188

  8. Urethral cavernous hemangioma in a female patient: a rare entity

    PubMed Central

    Bolat, Mustafa Suat; Yüzüncü, Kubilay; Akdeniz, Ekrem; Demirdoven, Ayse Nurten

    2015-01-01

    Genitourinary hemangiomas are rare entities of the urinary system. We reported a female patient who suffered dyspareunia and intermitant hematuria that was proved as urethral cavernous hemangioma. Despite its benign nature, hemangiomas may recur due to incomplet excision.

  9. Biology of Infantile Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Itinteang, Tinte; Withers, Aaron H. J.; Davis, Paul F.; Tan, Swee T.

    2014-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH), the most common tumor of infancy, is characterized by an initial proliferation during infancy followed by spontaneous involution over the next 5–10 years, often leaving a fibro-fatty residuum. IH is traditionally considered a tumor of the microvasculature. However, recent data show the critical role of stem cells in the biology of IH with emerging evidence suggesting an embryonic developmental anomaly due to aberrant proliferation and differentiation of a hemogenic endothelium with a neural crest phenotype that possesses the capacity for endothelial, hematopoietic, mesenchymal, and neuronal differentiation. Current evidence suggests a putative placental chorionic mesenchymal core cell embolic origin of IH during the first trimester. This review outlines the emerging role of stem cells and their interplay with the cytokine niche that promotes a post-natal environment conducive for vasculogenesis involving VEGFR-2 and its ligand VEGF-A and the IGF-2 ligand in promoting cellular proliferation, and the TRAIL-OPG anti-apoptotic pathway in preventing cellular apoptosis in IH. The discovery of the role of the renin–angiotensin system in the biology of IH provides a plausible explanation for the programed biologic behavior and the β-blocker-induced accelerated involution of this enigmatic condition. This crucially involves the vasoactive peptide, angiotensin II, that promotes cellular proliferation in IH predominantly via its action on the ATIIR2 isoform. The role of the RAS in the biology of IH is further supported by the effect of captopril, an ACE inhibitor, in inducing accelerated involution of IH. The discovery of the critical role of RAS in IH represents a novel and fascinating paradigm shift in the understanding of human development, IH, and other tumors in general. PMID:25593962

  10. Segmental facial hemangiomas and associated structural defects.

    PubMed

    van Doesburg, Margriet H M; Breugem, Corstiaan C; Breur, Johannes M P J; Braun, Kees P J; Speleman, Lucienne A; Pasmans, Suzanne G M A

    2009-07-01

    PHACE syndrome refers to the association of large segmental facial hemangiomas with 1 or more of the following anomalies: posterior fossa malformations, arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies, and eye abnormalities. In this review, we present a newborn with a large segmental facial hemangioma and abnormal genesis of the cerebropetal arteries. Furthermore, we give an overview of the anomalies associated with the PHACE syndrome. Patients with large segmental facial hemangiomas are at risk for 1 of these anomalies and should be investigated accordingly. We present a clinical algorithm for screening of patients with large segmental hemangiomas suggestive of the PHACE syndrome. PMID:19625839

  11. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... hepatitis A, B, or C. You cannot keep food down due to excessive vomiting. You may need to receive nutrition through a vein (intravenously). You feel sick and have travelled to Asia, Africa, South America, or Central America.

  12. Reticular infantile hemangioma of the limb can be associated with ventral-caudal anomalies, refractory ulceration, and cardiac overload.

    PubMed

    Mulliken, John B; Marler, Jennifer J; Burrows, Patricia E; Kozakewich, Harry P W

    2007-01-01

    We describe six patients with an uncommon variant of infantile hemangioma that we have termed reticular, occurring in the extremity, which were associated with intractable ulceration, anogenito-urinary-sacral anomalies, and sometimes cardiac overload. The extreme end of the spectrum is exemplified by a male neonate who presented with a stained, enlarged, pulsatile lower extremity, and cardiac failure. He also had hepatic hemangiomas and ambiguous genitalia. Progressive soft tissue necrosis and bony destruction necessitated amputation. The histopathologic features differed from those of typical infantile hemangioma: infiltrative (not lobular) and involving fascia, muscle, and bone. The mid-spectrum is illustrated by five females with reticular infantile hemangioma of the lower limb, buttock, and perineum. Four of these infants had a ventral-caudal anomaly, including omphalocele, recto-vaginal fistula, solitary/duplex kidney, imperforate anus, and tethered cord; one infant also had hepatic hemangiomas. Deep ulcerations healed following corticosteroid therapy; one patient required skin graft for closure of a thigh wound. The minor end of the spectrum is exemplified a patchy lesion in the distal limb. The reticular variant of infantile hemangioma can be confused with other vascular anomalies in the limb, such as capillary malformation, cutis marmorata telangiectasia congenita, diffuse arteriovenous malformation (Parkes Weber syndrome) and capillary-lymphatico-venous malformation (Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome). The macular network-like appearance of the tumor and coexisting ventral-caudal structural anomalies is analogous to the association of posterior fossa brain malformations, hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, coarctation of the aorta and cardiac defects, and eye abnormalities association in the craniofacial region. PMID:17845155

  13. Radiation therapy communication: equine hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Kleiter, Miriam; Velde, Karsten; Hainisch, Edmund; Auer, Ulrike; Reifinger, Martin

    2009-01-01

    A 13-month-old Standardbred Colt had a recurrent hemangioma at the level of the coronary band. Multiple excisions had led to a nonhealing skin and hoof defect. Using 14 MV electrons, a total dose of 36 Gy was administered, given as six fractions of 6 Gy twice a week. Wound healing by second intention was achieved over the next 4 months and the colt began race training 6 months after the end of therapy. Twenty months later the colt is sound and there is no evidence of tumor recurrence. PMID:19788045

  14. Placental anomalies in children with infantile hemangioma.

    PubMed

    López Gutiérrez, Juan Carlos; Avila, Luis Felipe; Sosa, Grevelyn; Patron, Mercedes

    2007-01-01

    Evaluation of the placenta provides some important insights into pathophysiologic changes that take place during the prenatal and intrapartum process. We investigated the pathogenic significance of placental features and their relationship to the development of infantile hemangioma in order to obtain a better understanding of its cause. Placental specimens were reviewed from 26 singleton pregnancies of women whose offspring weighed less than 1500 g. A group of 13 neonates who developed infantile hemangioma in the immediate neonate period were compared with 13 healthy preterm infants of comparable postconception age who had no infantile hemangioma. Pathologic placental changes were analyzed in both groups. Gross lesions with disturbance of the utero-placental circulation were found in all placentas from children who developed infantile hemangioma, including massive retroplacental hematoma in two infants, extensive ischemic infarction in seven, and large dilatated vascular communications, severe vasculitis, chorioamnionitis and funiculitis in four. Placental features included percentages greater than 25% of avascular villi, platelet and fibrin aggregates, and multifocal disease involving more than one histologic section. Examination of 13 placentas of low-birth-weight infants without infantile hemangioma only showed abnormal placentation in one and isolated villous dismaturity in two. The higher ratio of placental pathologic findings in patients with infantile hemangioma suggests that reduced placental oxygen diffusive conductance contributes to fetal hypoxic stress and that hypoxic/ischemic changes in the placenta could be related to infantile hemangioma development via vascular endothelial growth factor and placental growth factor expression, among others, within the villious vessels and throphoblasts. PMID:17845154

  15. Focal nodular hyperplasia coexistent with hemangioma and multiple cysts of the liver.

    PubMed

    Toshikuni, N; Kawaguchi, K; Miki, H; Kihara, Y; Sawayama, T; Yamasaki, S; Takano, S; Minato, T

    2001-03-01

    We report here a case of hepatic focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) associated with hepatic hemangioma and multiple hepatic cysts in a 71-year-old man. He was admitted to our hospital because of body weight loss. Ultrasonography detected multiple cysts. and two tumors in the liver one, 3.5 cm and one, 1.6 cm. Color Doppler ultrasonography showed arterial signals within the large tumor. On dynamic computed tomography, the large tumor was a hypodense lesion which was enhanced during the arterial phase and almost isodense during the delayed phase: the small tumor was also a hypodense lesion, and was enhanced during both the arterial and delayed phases. On magnetic resonance imaging using superparamagnetic iron oxides, the large tumor had decreased signal intensity on the T2-weighted image. On hepatic arteriography, the feeding artery of the large tumor showed a spoke-wheel appearance and that of the small tumor showed a cotton-wool appearance. Ultrasonographically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the large tumor revealed hepatocellular hyperplasia. Finally, we diagnosed the two hepatic tumors as FNH and hemangioma. There was no intracranial lesion. The cause of the patient's emaciation was psychogenic anorexia. To our knowledge, this is the first case report that describes the simultaneous occurrence of these three kinds of hepatic lesions. The pathogenesis of FNH still remains unclear, but this association suggests that FNH may arise because of a vascular anomaly. PMID:11291886

  16. Cavernous Hemangioma of the Left Forearm

    PubMed Central

    Eyesan, Samuel U.; Itie, Joseph C.; Adesina, Stephen A.; Kehinde, Gideon T.; Olasode, Babatunde J.

    2015-01-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas are benign hamartomatous proliferation of endothelial tissues. They can arise virtually anywhere in the body and do not contain tissues native to the organ or structure in which they are located. Contrary to what is seen in capillary hemangiomas and the cavernous cutaneous variety, intramuscular hemangiomas almost always never regress. We report a case of intramuscular cavernous hemangioma in an 18-year-old male Nigerian with swelling in the left forearm of 9 years duration. The swelling progressively increased in size and nearly involved the entire forearm with occasional pain and no preceding history of trauma. Pre-operative plain radiographs showed an ill-defined soft tissue swelling with multiple calcifications or phleboliths. Surgical excision with ligation of feeding vessels was done and histology confirmed the diagnosis with free margin of excision. Post-operative clinical improvement was marked. PMID:26500730

  17. Extragingival pyogenic granuloma histologically mimicking capillary hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Dahiya, Ritu; Kathuria, Abhinav

    2014-01-01

    Pyogenic granuloma is a tumor-like proliferation to a non-specific infection. The tumor-like growth is considered to be non-neoplastic in nature and presents in various clinical and histological forms in the oral cavity. Hemangiomas are benign vascular anomalies characterized by benign proliferation of blood vessels. The aim of this article is to drive attention toward the uncommon location of capillary hemangioma on the palate. In spite of their benign nature, intraoral capillary hemangiomas are always clinically important to be diagnosed well in time and suitably managed. The lesion in the present case although clinically diagnosed as pyogenic granuloma gave a histological picture of capillary hemangioma when surgically excised. PMID:25425828

  18. Intracranial capillary hemangioma in an elderly patient

    PubMed Central

    Okamoto, Ai; Nakagawa, Ichiro; Matsuda, Ryosuke; Nishimura, Fumihiko; Motoyama, Yasushi; Park, Young-Su; Nakamura, Mitsutoshi; Nakase, Hiroyuki

    2015-01-01

    Background: Capillary hemangiomas are neoplasms involving skin and soft tissue in infants. These lesions rarely involved an intracranial space and reported age distribution ranges from infancy to middle age. We report an extremely rare case of rapidly rising intracranial capillary hemangioma in an elderly woman. Case Description: The 82-year-old woman presented with vomiting, reduced level of consciousness, and worsening mental state. Computed tomography showed a contrast-enhanced extra-axial lesion in the left frontal operculum, although no intracranial mass lesion was identifiable from magnetic resonance imaging taken 2 years earlier. Complete surgical excision was performed and histopathological examination diagnosed benign capillary hemangioma consisting of a variety of dilated capillary blood vessels lined by endothelial cells. Conclusion: This is the first description of rapid growth of an intracranial capillary hemangioma in an elderly woman. These lesions are exceedingly rare in the elderly population, but still show the capacity for rapid growth. Complete excision would prevent further recurrence. PMID:26664868

  19. Minimally Invasive Treatment of Giant Haemangiomas of the Liver: Embolisation With Bleomycin

    SciTech Connect

    Bozkaya, Halil Cinar, Celal; Besir, Fahri Halit; Parıldar, Mustafa Oran, Ismail

    2013-04-12

    PurposeThe management of patients with giant haemangioma of the liver remains controversial. Although the usual treatment method for symptomatic giant haemangioma is surgery, the classical paradigm of operative resection remains. In this study, we evaluated the symptomatic improvement and size-reduction effect of embolisation with bleomycin mixed with lipiodol for the treatment of symptomatic giant hepatic haemangioma.MethodsThis study included 26 patients [21 female, five male; age 41–65 years (mean 49.83 ± 1.53)] with symptomatic giant haemangioma unfit for surgery and treated with selective embolisation by bleomycin mixed with lipiodol. The patients were followed-up (mean 7.4 ± 0.81 months) clinically and using imaging methods. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 16.0, and p < 0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance.ResultsEmbolisation of 32 lesions in 26 patients was performed. The mean volume of the haemangiomas was 446.28 ± 88 cm{sup 3} (range 3.39–1559 cm{sup 3}) before intervention and 244.43 ± 54.38 cm{sup 3} (range 94–967 cm{sup 3}) after intervention. No mortality or morbidity related to the treatment was identified. Symptomatic improvement was observed in all patients, and significant volume reduction was achieved (p = 0.001).ConclusionThe morbidity of surgical treatment in patients with giant liver hemangioma were similar to those obtained in patients followed-up without treatment. Therefore, follow-up without treatment is preferred in most patients. Thus, minimally invasive embolisation is an alternative and effective treatment for giant symptomatic haemangioma of the liver.

  20. Large retroperitoneal hemangioma encompassing the renal vein

    PubMed Central

    Mossanen, Matthew; Dighe, Manjiri; Gore, John; Mann, Gary

    2015-01-01

    Retroperitoneal hemangioma (RH) is a rare and benign vascular malformation. RH may be detected incidentally or present with symptoms due to local invasion of adjacent structures. Management options include surgical resection, as well as serial observation with routine imaging. We describe a retroperitoneal hemangioma encompassing the renal vein that was discovered during diagnosis of acute appendicitis, and characterize diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings seen with this condition. PMID:26834900

  1. Multimodality Imaging of Hemangiomas-Pictorial Essay

    PubMed Central

    N.G., Basawaraj; Anvekar, Sunita Madhukar

    2015-01-01

    Both hemangiomas and vascular malformations are endothelial malformations that closely resemble normal vessels and can be found in all organs of the human body. This pictorial essay encompasses a spectrum of imaging appearances of hemangiomas and vascular malformations. Familiarity of the MR and CT findings can help differentiate these lesions, to confirm the suspected diagnosis, classify the anomaly and document the associated abnormalities. PMID:25954682

  2. Multiple Epithelioid Hemangiomas with Orbital Involvement

    PubMed Central

    Mili?i?, Branislava; Velnar, Toma; Pregelj, Rado; Limbaeck-Stokin, Clara

    2015-01-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma, also known as angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia, is a cutaneous angioproliferative lesion that follows a benign clinical course. It is most frequently localized in the skin of the head and neck region; although it may sometimes arise deeper in soft tissues, orbital involvement is rare. Here we describe a patient who developed multiple epithelioid hemangiomas, including an intraorbital lesion. The histopathological parallels with other reactive and neoplastic lesions as well as therapeutic options are discussed. PMID:25802787

  3. Multiple epithelioid hemangiomas with orbital involvement.

    PubMed

    Mili?i?, Branislava; Velnar, Toma; Pregelj, Rado; Limbaeck-Stokin, Clara

    2015-01-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma, also known as angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia, is a cutaneous angioproliferative lesion that follows a benign clinical course. It is most frequently localized in the skin of the head and neck region; although it may sometimes arise deeper in soft tissues, orbital involvement is rare. Here we describe a patient who developed multiple epithelioid hemangiomas, including an intraorbital lesion. The histopathological parallels with other reactive and neoplastic lesions as well as therapeutic options are discussed. PMID:25802787

  4. The role of hepatic myofibroblasts in liver cirrhosis in fallow deer (Dama dama) naturally infected with giant liver fluke (Fascioloides magna)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background This paper describes liver cirrhosis in 35 fallow deer infected with the giant liver fluke, as well as the distribution, origin, and role of myofibroblasts in its development. Results In liver of infected deer, stripes of connective tissue are wound around groups of degenerated and regenerated liver lobuli. In the connective tissue, lymphocytes and macrophages which often contain parasite hematin are also present. The walls of the bile ducts are thickened, the epithelium multiplied with mucous metaplasia, and desquamated cells, parasite eggs and brown pigment are present in their lumen. In the livers with cirrhosis, immunopositivity to ?-SMA and desmin was observed in cells in portal and septal spaces, at the edge between fibrotic septa and the surrounding parenchyma and in perisinusoidal spaces. These cells vary in size, they are round, oval, spindle-shaped or irregular in shape, similar to vascular smooth muscle cells. The derangement of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions detected in chronic cholangiopathies is most probably the pro-fibrogenic mechanism in liver cirrhosis of fallow deer (Dama dama) infected with the giant liver fluke (Fascioloides magna). Conclusion Myofibroblasts, especially hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), play an important role in the synthesis of extracellular matrix components in the development of parasitic fibrosis and cirrhosis in the liver of fallow deer. PMID:23497565

  5. [Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma: review of 3 cases].

    PubMed

    Askri, A; Mannai, S; Landolsi, S; Ben Farhat, L; Said, W; Dali, N; Khalfallah, M T; Hendaoui, L

    2009-03-01

    Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare neoplasm of vascular origin. EHE is an intermediate-grade malignancy, between benign hemangioma and angiosarcoma, with variable aggressiveness. Involvement often is multinodular simulating metastases from a primatry extra-hepatic malignancy leading to delays in diagnosis. We report the imaging features in three cases of histologically proven hepatic EHE. The imaging features suggestive of EHE will be emphasized, especially for multinodular lesions suggesting liver metastases in patients with no known primary. PMID:19421116

  6. Cavernous hemangioma of the rib: a rare tumour.

    PubMed

    Cakir, E; Tastepe, I; Agackiran, Y

    2008-01-01

    Hemangioma is exceedingly rare in the ribs. A case of rib hemangioma in a 54-year-old woman is presented. Chest roentgenogram and computed tomography revealed a mass in the left lateral costaphrenic sinus with bone destruction. She underwent resection of the 7th and 8th rib. The pathologic diagnosis was cavernous hemangioma. Hemangiomas of the rib are rare tumours but should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of rib tumours. PMID:19051484

  7. Children with Rare Chronic Skin Diseases: Hemangiomas and Epidermolysis Bullosa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Sheila Dove; Miller, Cynthia Dieterich

    The paper reports on studies involving children having the rare chronic skin diseases of hemangiomas and epidermolysis bullosa (characterized by easy blistering). One study compared the self-concept and psychosocial development of young (mean age 46 months) children (N=19) with hemangiomas with 19 children without hemangiomas. Findings indicated

  8. Hemangioma

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of the skin returns to normal. Sometimes, a laser may be used to remove the small blood ... eyelid and block vision can be treated with lasers or steroid injections to shrink them. This allows ...

  9. Diffuse Hepatic Hemangiomatosis in the Adult without Extra-hepatic Involvement: An Extremely Rare Occurrence

    PubMed Central

    Batista, Alexandre; Matos, Antnio Pedro; Neta, Jorge Oliveira e; Ramalho, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of a pathologically proven multinodular diffuse hepatic hemangiomatosis (DHH) with no extra-hepatic involvement in a 68-year-old male. Cavernous hemangioma is the most common hepatic tumor. However, DHH, which is characterized by extensive replacement of liver parenchyma with hemangiomatous lesions, has been rarely reported in adults. The etiology and clinical course are not completely understood because of its rareness, although the diagnosis might be suggested by the magnetic resonance imaging findings. PMID:25250192

  10. Submandibular venous hemangioma: Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Wallace, Adam N; Vyhmeister, Ross; Kamran, Mudassar; Teefey, Sharlene A

    2015-10-01

    Hemangiomas of the submandibular space are very rare. Only 11 cases have been reported in the English literature, all of which were cavernous hemangiomas. In this report, we describe the case of a venous hemangioma in a 70-year-old woman. Ultrasound examination revealed a lobulated, homogeneous, hypoechoic mass, and minimal flow was detected on power Doppler evaluation. The mass and the submandibular gland were surgically excised, and the endothelium was found to be positive for CD31 and D2-40 markers, consistent with venous hemangioma. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a venous hemangioma in the submandibular space. PMID:25502778

  11. Current workup and therapy of infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Blei, Francine; Guarini, Ascanio

    2014-01-01

    Many practitioners assume every vascular lesion is a hemangioma; then tell parents not to worry, because hemangiomas "go away" after they grow. In fact, over the past three decades, advances in the stratification of vascular lesions, identification of clinical associations and syndromic vascular anomalies, and the discovery of germline and somatic mutations accompanying certain vascular anomalies have broadened our understanding. Concomitantly, the evaluation and management of vascular anomalies have become more sophisticated, and a laissez-faire approach is often inadequate. This paper focuses on hemangiomas of infancy and is divided into two sections, Evaluation and Management, both sections including updated references to clinical and basic research and reviews supporting the discussion. PMID:25017457

  12. Lobular capillary hemangioma of the trachea.

    PubMed

    Xu, Qingqing; Yin, Xindao; Sutedjo, Janesya; Sun, Jun; Jiang, Liang; Lu, Lingquan

    2015-02-01

    As a polypoid form of capillary hemangioma, lobular capillary hemangioma (LCH) most commonly occurs on the cutaneous and mucosal surfaces and is frequently benign in children. Tracheal LCH is a rare benign tumor in adults, with hemoptysis being one of the most serious forms of presentation. A definite diagnosis of LCH depends on its histopathology. In clinical practice, however, radiological characteristics are an important component for making a suggestive diagnosis. We present a case of tracheal LCH and describe its features on computed tomography, pathology, and differential diagnosis. A review of the relevant literature is also provided. PMID:25644803

  13. Cavernous hemangioma of the conjunctiva: case report.

    PubMed

    Yazici, Blent; Ucan, Gamze; Adim, Saduman B

    2011-01-01

    Cavernous hemangioma of the conjunctiva is rare and has been reported previously in only a few cases. In this report, the authors describe a 17-year-old boy with an isolated conjunctival cavernous hemangioma. The tumor was located in the caruncular region over the bulbar conjunctiva. The lesion had appeared as a red mark in early childhood, grown in the last 2 years, and was causing bloody tears occasionally. No associated vascular lesion was noted within the eye and orbit. After removal of the tumor, no recurrence or complication developed during the follow-up period. PMID:20562666

  14. Cavernous hemangioma involving the lacrimal outflow system.

    PubMed

    Kitzmann, Anna S; Moore, Eric J; Salomo, Diva R; Woog, John J

    2007-01-01

    A 22-year-old woman, 26 weeks pregnant, presented with a right nasolacrimal duct obstruction, nasal congestion with intermittent epistaxis, right globe displacement, and choroidal folds in the right eye. Noncontrast head CT revealed a mass involving the right nasolacrimal duct, nasal cavity, ethmoid sinuses, and orbit. Transnasal endoscopic resection was performed. Histopathology revealed a cavernous hemangioma involving the nasolacrimal duct and nasal cavity. Cavernous hemangiomas may occur rarely in the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and/or the nasolacrimal duct. PMID:18030126

  15. Early Surgical Management of Large Scalp Infantile Hemangioma Using the TopClosure® Tension-Relief System.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Zhanyong; Yang, Xilin; Zhao, Yueqiang; Fan, Huajun; Yu, Mosheng; Topaz, Moris

    2015-11-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign vascular neoplasms of infancy and childhood. The majority do not need medical intervention. However, large ulcerated scalp IHs may lead to fatal bleeding as well as severe cosmetic disfigurement that indicate early surgical excision, inflicting substantial surgical risks, with short- and long-term morbidity.The TopClosure Tension-Relief System (TRS) is an innovative skin stretching and wound closure-secure system that facilitates primary closure of relatively large skin defects. This system has been shown as a substitute for skin grafts, flaps, or tissue expanders.We describe a case of a giant IH of the scalp usually requiring a complex surgical approach, which was immediately primarily closed applying the TRS.A 3-day-old female infant presented with a giant scalp hemangioma at birth that rapidly grew in the neonatal period with early signs of ulceration. The patient underwent surgical resection of the giant scalp hemangioma with immediate primary closure of the defect using the TRS. Surgical procedure and postoperative period were uneventful.Early surgical resections of IHs at infancy carry substantial surgical risks and morbidity. This is the first reported case of early resection of a scalp hemangioma in the neonatal period, with successful immediate primary closure by application of stress-relaxation technique through the TRS. The application of the TopClosure TRS in this age group has significant advantages. It reduces the complexity and length of surgery, reducing blood loss, eliminating donor site morbidity, improving wound aesthetics, and minimizing the need for future reconstructive procedures. PMID:26632734

  16. [Osseous hemangioma of the upper jaw].

    PubMed

    Fernndez Nogueras, F J; Fernndez Prez, A; Moreno Len, J; Fernndez Nogueras, V

    1995-01-01

    Osseous hemangioma is a rare tumour of head and neck localisation. In this work the AA. present a case of the tumour located in the upper maxilla, considering the actual concept and the possibilities of differential diagnosis in relation with both radiologic and anatomopathological characteristics. PMID:7485856

  17. Propranolol therapy in a case of capillary hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Vohra, Vishal; Gupta, Pulkit; Malik, Praveen K.; Pathak, Ashok

    2015-01-01

    Capillary hemangioma is one the most common tumors of eyelid and orbit reported in pediatric age group. Oral propranolol therapy is latest addition to the armamentarium of treatment options available to ophthalmologists in treating capillary hemangiomas. We report the successful response to propranolol therapy to a 5-year-old child with capillary hemangioma involving lids, orbit, and the paranasal sinuses. A long-term follow-up is necessary for the prognostic efficacy of the therapy.

  18. A Rare Cavernous Hemangioma of the Adrenal Gland

    PubMed Central

    Pang, Cheng; Wu, Pengjie; Zhu, Gang

    2015-01-01

    Adrenal cavernous hemangiomas are rare nonfunctioning benign tumors. This case report presents a patient with a huge nonfunctioning adrenal cavernous hemangioma presenting as an adrenal incidentaloma suspicious for adrenal myelolipoma. Although adrenal cavernous hemangiomas are rare, they should be considered as a part of the differential diagnosis of adrenal neoplasms. The proper treatment is surgical excision due the risk of spontaneous tumor rupture and the difficulty of ruling out malignancy. PMID:26793524

  19. Extraosseous, Epidural Cavernous Hemangioma with Back Pain

    PubMed Central

    Ozkal, Birol; Yaldiz, Can; Yaman, Onur; Ozdem?r, Nail; Dalbayrak, Sedat

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background Cavernous malformations are characterized by enlarged vascular structures located in benign neural tissues within the cerebellum and spinal cord of the central nervous system. Cavernous hemangiomas (CHs) account for 5% to 12% of all spinal vascular malformations. Case Report We removed a hemorrhagic thoracic mass in a 40-year-old male patient who presented with progressive neurological deficits. Conclusions We found it appropriate to present this case due to its rarity. PMID:25960818

  20. Preoperative arterial embolization of large liver hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Topalo?lu, Serdar; O?uz, ?kr; Kalayc?, Orhan; ztrk, M. Halil; al?k, Adnan; Din, Hasan; obano?lu, mit

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of preoperative selective intra-arterial embolization (PSIAE) in the surgical treatment of large liver hemangiomas. METHODS Data of 22 patients who underwent resection of large liver hemangiomas were retrospectively analyzed. PSIAE was performed in cases having a high risk of severe blood loss during surgery (n=11), while it was not applied in cases with a low risk of blood loss (n=11). RESULTS A total of 19 enucleations and six anatomic resections were performed. Operative time, intraoperative bleeding amount, Pringle period, and blood transfusion were comparable between the two groups (P > 0.05, for all). The perioperative serum aspartate transaminase level was not different between groups (P = 1.000). Perioperative total bilirubin levels were significantly increased in the PSIAE group (P = 0.041). Postoperative hospital stay was longer in the PSIAE group. Surgical complications were comparable between groups (P = 0.476). CONCLUSION Patients who underwent PSIAE due to a high risk of severe blood loss during resection of large liver hemangiomas had comparable operative success as patients with a low risk of blood loss who were operated without PSIAE. Hence, PSIAE can be used for the control of intraoperative blood loss, especially in surgically difficult cases. PMID:25858526

  1. Conservative Management of Cardiac Hemangioma for 11 Years

    PubMed Central

    Slim, Mehdi; Neffati, Elyes; Boughzela, Essia

    2015-01-01

    Cardiac hemangiomas are benign tumors with an unpredictable natural history. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice; however, conservative management can be an alternative in some patients. We report a case of a left-sided cardiac hemangioma that we managed conservatively for 11 years without obvious major complications in the patient, an adult woman. PMID:26504439

  2. [Infantile hemangiomas: the revolution of beta-blockers].

    PubMed

    Leaute-Labreze, Christine

    2014-12-01

    Infantile hemangioma is the consequence of both postnatal vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Hypoxia appears to play an important role as a contributory factor. Infantile hemangiomas have variable clinical features: superficial, deep or mixed. They can be localized or segmental involving a large skin area. Localized infantile hemangiomas are usually benign, unless they are located near a noble structure (airway orbit...), while segmental infantile hemangioma may be associated with complex underlying birth defects (PHACES and SACRAL syndromes). Clinical follow-up of infants with infantile hemangioma must be particularly careful in the first weeks of life since 80% of all infantile hemangiomas have reached their final size at age 5 months. A majority of infantile hemangiomas are mild and do not required any treatment. Main indications for treatment are: vital risk (heart failure, respiratory distress), functional risk (amblyopia, swallowing disorders...), painful ulceration and disfigurement (face involvement of nose, lips...). Propranolol, has been quickly adopted as the first line medical treatment for complicated infantile hemangioma; and it is the only treatment to have a marketing authorization in this indication. It is recommended to begin the treatment as early as possible before three months of age to minimize the risk of complications and sequelae. PMID:25665327

  3. Atlas of hepatic tumors and focal lesions: Arteriographic and tomographic diagnosis

    SciTech Connect

    Gutierrez, O.; Schwartz, S.I.

    1984-01-01

    This book describes the diagnosis of liver tumors. Topics considered include general considerations, hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatoblastoma, cholangiocarcinoma, mesenchyomoma, sarcoma, hemangioma, hepatic cell adenoma, focal nodular hyperlasia (FNH), hamartoma, echinococcus cyst, abscess, AV fistula, hepatic artery aneurysm, metastatic carcinoma-colon, metastatic cholangiocarcinoma, metastatic melanoma, metastatic merkel cell and extrahepatic tumor.

  4. [Head and neck hemangiomas: how and when to treat].

    PubMed

    Zheng, Jia-wei; Wang, Yan-an; Zhou, Guo-yu; Zhu, Han-guang; Ye, Wei-min; Zhang, Zhi-yuan

    2007-08-01

    Hemangiomas are common benign vascular tumors of infancy characterized by a proliferative growth phase followed by very slow inevitable regression (involutive phase) between one to ten years of age, about 60% to 70% of the lesions are found in the head and neck region. There are many treatment modalities reported in the literature for head and neck hemangiomas, including wait and see policy, drug therapy, sclerotherapy (steroids, bleomycin), cryotherapy, isotope radiotherapy, laser therapy, and surgical therapy. There still exist many controversies over the optimal treatment options for individual patient. Based on our clinical experience on 250 cases and literature review, a rational treatment regime for head and neck hemangioma was proposed in this study: (1) As it is not possible to predict, whether a hemangioma will remain small and unproblematic or grow into a very large lesion, early therapy is the only way out of this dilemma. A white or pink macule, a port-wine stain-like lesion initially appearing in the children can be effectively and easily removed by laser, thus preventing a growth in the size in the early stage. (2) The term of "wait and see" should be substituted by "close observation", and this approach should only be reserved for hemangiomas which are without visible growth or in the involutive phase. (3) Systematic drug therapy (steroids, interferon alpha-2a ) should be considered for large hemangioma, multiple hemangiomas, life-threatening hemangiomas and hemangiomas with complications such as ulceration, infection, bleeding, dysfunction, etc. Congestive heart failure, consumptive coagulopathy, and thrombocytopenia are also urgent indications for the institution of corticoid therapy. (4) Growing hemangioma can be treated effectively by systematic drug therapy, sclerotherapy, laser therapy or combined therapy. The argon laser (514 nm in wavelength, 0.5 mm in depth) is useful in the treatment of superficial telangiectasias and small, flat cutaneous hemangiomas. Flashlamp-pumped pulsed-dye laser (FPDL, 585 nm or 595 nm in wavelength, 1.0-2.0 mm in depth) can be used in patients with cutaneous and flat hemangiomas at the sites of potential functional impairment. Nd: YAG laser (1064 nm in wavelength) with continuous ice cube cooling is useful for subcutaneous or mixed hemangiomas, and often requires repeated treatments. For larger and deeper hemangiomas up to a depth of 2.0 cm, percutaneous interstitial Nd:YAG laser treatment may be preferred, because it may decrease possible cutaneous skin damage and more effectively reduce bulky, deep lesion. (5) Topical application of imiquimoid and intratumoral injection of steroids or bleomycin can be used in selected patients with rapidly growing hemangioma. (6) The indication for a primary operation is rare and limited to large hemangiomas in the eyelid or hemangiomas on the scalp. Surgical correction of large residuals, especially before formal education begins, to prevent considerable psychosocial impairment is still a well established procedure. The aim of treatment is to counter the proliferative growth, reduce the volume of hemangioma, and initialize the process of regression. Cryotherapy or isotope radiotherapy is nowadays seldom used for the treatment of hemangiomas, due to the high incidence of scarring, pigmentation, or depigmentation. A successful treatment of hemangiomas should be individualized and based on the size of the tumor, the localization, and the therapies available. PMID:17924011

  5. Recurrent Orbital Cavernous Hemangioma due to Overlooked Multiple Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Bagheri, Abbas; Khandan, Sakineh; Salour, Hossein; Aletaha, Maryam; Abrishami, Alireza

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To report late recurrence of orbital cavernous hemangioma in a patient ten years after complete resection of the primary tumor. Case Report A 32-year-old woman with a history of progressive visual loss and proptosis underwent lateral orbitotomy for resection of a large cavernous hemangioma. Ten years later, proptosis recurred and the patient developed progressive ocular deviation. Imaging studies were in favor of a recurrent cavernous hemangioma and the tumor was excised via the previous incision site. Reassessment of previous orbital images suggested the presence of two separate tumors, only one of which had been excised at the time of initial surgery. Conclusion Recurrent orbital cavernous hemangioma may follow incomplete excision of multiple orbital lesions with gradual growth of unidentified residual tumors. Accordingly, when an encapsulated cavernous hemangioma is removed, exploration is recommended to rule out multiple lesions. PMID:23372910

  6. Sclerosing cholangitis secondary to bleomycin-iodinated embolization for liver hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Shuo; Shi, Xiao-Ju; Sun, Xiao-Dong; Wang, Si-Yuan; Wang, Guang-Yi

    2014-01-01

    Sclerosing cholangitis (SC) is a rarely reported morbidity secondary to transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with bleomycin-iodinated oil (BIO) for liver cavernous hemangioma (LCH). This report retrospectively evaluated the diagnostic and therapeutic course of a patient with LDH who presented obstructive jaundice 6 years after TACE with BIO. Preoperative imaging identified a suspected malignant biliary stricture located at the convergence of the left and right hepatic ducts. Operative exploration demonstrated a full-thickness sclerosis of the hilar bile duct with right hepatic duct stricture and right lobe atrophy. Radical hepatic hilar resection with right-side hemihepatectomy and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was performed because hilar cancer could not be excluded on frozen biopsy. Pathological results showed chronic pyogenic inflammation of the common and right hepatic ducts with SC in the portal area. Secondary SC is a long-term complication that may occur in LCH patients after TACE with BIO and must be differentiated from hilar malignancy. Hepatic duct plasty is a definitive but technically challenging treatment modality for secondary SC. PMID:25516686

  7. Diagnostic and surgical aspects of central hemangioma of mandible: a surgical approach for the reconstruction of mandible.

    PubMed

    Chetan, B I; Sharmila; Shruthi, D K; Karthik, B

    2015-01-01

    Intraosseous vascular lesions are rare lesions, accounting for 0.5-1% of all intraosseous tumors. They were found to be affecting the second decade of life, more frequent in women. The frequency found affecting the vertebral column and skull; the mandible is a quite rare location. At present, according to the World Health Organization, these lesions are now considered as benign vasoformative neoplasms of endothelial origin. However, the origin of the central hemangioma is debatable. Some authors state it as a true neoplasm, few state it is a hamartoma. On examination, the patient may or may not show any symptoms, some present discomfort, blood discharge, bluish discoloration, mobility of the teeth. The radiographic finding is a multilocular radiolucenies with classic honeycombs or soap bubble appearance. Differential diagnosis includes odontogenic lesions like ameloblastoma, cystic lesions such as residual cyst, central giant cell tumor, fibrous dysplasia. The wide surgical excision along with the reconstruction is choice of treatment of hemangioma. We present a case report of a 24-year-old female diagnosed with intraosseous mandibular hemangioma and surgical reconstruction of mandible with rib graft. PMID:25709370

  8. Diagnostic and Surgical Aspects of Central Hemangioma of Mandible: A Surgical Approach for the Reconstruction of Mandible

    PubMed Central

    Chetan, B I; Sharmila; Shruthi, D K; Karthik, B

    2015-01-01

    Intraosseous vascular lesions are rare lesions, accounting for 0.5-1% of all intraosseous tumors. They were found to be affecting the second decade of life, more frequent in women. The frequency found affecting the vertebral column and skull; the mandible is a quite rare location. At present, according to the World Health Organization, these lesions are now considered as benign vasoformative neoplasms of endothelial origin. However, the origin of the central hemangioma is debatable. Some authors state it as a true neoplasm, few state it is a hamartoma. On examination, the patient may or may not show any symptoms, some present discomfort, blood discharge, bluish discoloration, mobility of the teeth. The radiographic finding is a multilocular radiolucenies with classic honeycombs or soap bubble appearance. Differential diagnosis includes odontogenic lesions like ameloblastoma, cystic lesions such as residual cyst, central giant cell tumor, fibrous dysplasia. The wide surgical excision along with the reconstruction is choice of treatment of hemangioma. We present a case report of a 24-year-old female diagnosed with intraosseous mandibular hemangioma and surgical reconstruction of mandible with rib graft. PMID:25709370

  9. Primary Intraosseous Cavernous Hemangioma in the Skull.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yi; Guan, Jian; Ma, Wenbin; Li, Yongning; Xing, Bing; Ren, Zuyuan; Su, Changbao; Wang, Renzhi

    2016-03-01

    Primary intraosseous cavernous hemangiomas (PICHs) are benign vascular tumors that may involve any part of the body. PICH occurs more frequently in the spine and less commonly in skull. The earliest description in the English literature was in 1845 by Toynbee, who reported a vascular tumor arising in the confines of the parietal bone. Skull PICHs do not always have typical radiologic features and should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of malignant skull lesions. We now reviewed and analyzed related literatures in detail with reporting a rare case of PICH in the left front bone that was surgically resected. PMID:26986133

  10. Capillary hemangioma or pyogenic granuloma: A diagnostic dilemma

    PubMed Central

    Rachappa, M. M.; Triveni, M. N.

    2010-01-01

    Pyogenic granulomas and hemangiomas of oral cavity are well-known benign lesions. Although pyogenic granuloma is known to show a striking predilection for the gingiva and capillary hemangioma for lips, check, and tongue, palatal occurrence of these lesions is extremely rare. The clinical diagnosis of such an uncommon occurrence can be quite challenging as they sometimes may mimic more serious lesions such as malignancies. The purpose of this article is to report an unusual case of benign tumor occurring on hard palate which was clinically diagnosed as pyogenic granuloma and histopathologically as capillary hemangioma. PMID:22114397

  11. A rare cause of hemorrhagic shock in children: bladder hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Numano?lu, Kemal Varim; Tatli, Duygu

    2008-07-01

    We report the first case of urinary bladder hemangioma that caused hemorrhagic shock consequent to massive hematuria. A 2-year-old girl was presented with hemorrhagic shock and macroscopic hematuria. After rapid resuscitation was performed, radiologic investigations demonstrated a solid enhancing mass originating from the dome of bladder. Partial cystectomy was made. Histopathologic examination of resected specimen revealed cavernous hemangioma. Although bladder hemangiomas are rare benign tumors, it should be kept in mind that they can lead to life-threatening complications when the diagnosis is delayed. PMID:18639666

  12. Technetium-99m-labeled red blood cells in the evaluation of hemangiomas of the liver in infants and children

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, J.H.

    1987-09-01

    The vascular origin lesions of the liver (capillary hemangioma/infantile hemangioendothelioma) that present in infancy or early childhood often have a typical clinical picture of hepatomegaly and congestive heart failure. These lesions rarely present as asymptomatic hepatomegaly, simulating a primary hepatic malignancy. These lesions may also simulate a primary or secondary hepatic malignancy on cross-sectional imaging or angiography. Scintigraphic evaluations with technetium-99m-labeled red blood cells offers an accurate method of identification of these lesions, and allows differentiation from other common primary or secondary hepatic masses in infancy or childhood. This scintigraphic method may also be used to follow these patients after medical, radiation, or embolization therapy. Experience with seven patients with these tumors is reported and compared with eight children with other primary or secondary liver tumors also evaluated by this method.

  13. Hemangioma of the Interatrial Septum: CT and MRI Features

    SciTech Connect

    Hrabak-Paar, Maja; Huebner, Marisa; Stern-Padovan, Ranka; Lusic, Mario

    2011-02-15

    Hemangioma of the heart is a rare primary benign tumor mainly appearing as enhancing, homogenous, well-circumscribed mass. We report a case of a 61-year-old asymptomatic woman, whose echocardiography showed a cardiac mass, which was described as the atypical myxoma of the right atrium. For further imaging, contrast-enhanced computed tomography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging were undertaken, which showed a tumor located in the interatrial septum with imaging characteristics of hemangioma. In the literature, cardiac hemangioma is usually described as an intensely enhancing mass. In our opinion, early peripheral puddling of contrast material with filling in on delayed images is a typical pattern of its enhancement. This characteristic, in addition to high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, allows differentiation of a hemangioma from other benign and malignant tumors.

  14. Orbital Hemangioma with Intracranial Vascular Anomalies and Hemangiomas: A New Presentation of PHACE Syndrome?

    PubMed

    Antonov, Nina K; Spence-Shishido, Allyson; Marathe, Kalyani S; Tlougan, Brook; Kazim, Michael; Sultan, Sally; Hess, Christopher P; Morel, Kimberly D; Frieden, Ilona J; Garzon, Maria C

    2015-11-01

    We present two cases of infants with a similar constellation of clinical findings: retro-orbital infantile hemangioma (IH), internal carotid artery (ICA) arteriopathy, and intracranial IH. In both cases, intracranial vascular anomalies and hemangiomas were found incidentally during evaluation of unilateral proptosis. Neither infant had evidence of cutaneous segmental IH of the face or neck, which might have provided a clue to the diagnosis of PHACE syndrome or of intracranial hemangiomas. In one case, intracranial involvement was particularly extensive and function threatening, with mass effect on the brain parenchyma. These cases serve to highlight the fact that clinical findings of proptosis, globe deviation, and strabismus should prompt immediate imaging to confirm the presence of orbital IHs and to exclude other diagnoses. Moreover, based on our cases and the embryologic origin of the orbit as a unique developmental unit, patients with confirmed retro-orbital IHs should undergo evaluation for anomalies associated with PHACE syndrome. Patients with orbital IHs and an additional major criterion for PHACE syndrome should be considered to have definite, and not just possible, PHACE syndrome. PMID:26446288

  15. Cavernous Hemangioma of Tongue: Management of Two Cases

    PubMed Central

    Puppala, Niharika; Deshmukh, Sudhanwa N; B, Jagadesh; S, Anuradha

    2014-01-01

    Hemangiomas are benign tumours of infancy and childhood, most commonly located in the head and neck region and occur more frequently in the lips, tongue and palate. The treatment depends upon lesion location, size and evolution stage and the patient’s age. This paper describes the management of cavernous hemangioma in a 2 -year -old child and 14 -year -old child using different approaches. PMID:25478463

  16. Cavernous hemangioma of tongue: management of two cases.

    PubMed

    V, Pranitha; Puppala, Niharika; Deshmukh, Sudhanwa N; B, Jagadesh; S, Anuradha

    2014-10-01

    Hemangiomas are benign tumours of infancy and childhood, most commonly located in the head and neck region and occur more frequently in the lips, tongue and palate. The treatment depends upon lesion location, size and evolution stage and the patient's age. This paper describes the management of cavernous hemangioma in a 2 -year -old child and 14 -year -old child using different approaches. PMID:25478463

  17. Is systemic infliximab therapy effective for retinal cavernous hemangioma?

    PubMed Central

    Alsulaiman, Sulaiman M.; Abouammoh, Marwan A.; Al-Dahmash, Saad A.; Abu El-Asrar, Ahmed M.

    2014-01-01

    A 10-month-old infant with the diagnosis of retinal cavernous hemangioma involving the macula presented with an outward deviation of the right eye that has been noticed by her parents. Examination revealed a clearing vitreous hemorrhage, and grape-like clusters filled with blood in the posterior pole. After 4 cycles of intravenous infliximab over the period of 3 months, no evident change was noted on the size of the cavernous hemangioma. PMID:25228188

  18. External jugular vein hemangioma occurring as a lateral neck mass.

    PubMed

    Sarteschi, L M; Bonanomi, G; Mosca, F; Ferrari, M

    1999-10-01

    Hemangioma is an extremely frequent tumor, accounting for 7% of all benign neoplasms. In contrast, hemangioma arising in blood vessels is rare and should be differentiated from other neoplasms of vascular origin, such as hemangioendothelioma, hemangiopericytoma, hemangiosarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma. The case we report has the peculiarity of occurring as a lateral neck mass in which color-coded duplex sonography contributed significantly to diagnosis. PMID:10511307

  19. Large cavernous hemangioma of the frontal bone.

    PubMed

    Dogan, Seref; Kocaeli, Hasan; Sahin, Soner; Korfali, Ender; Saraydaroglu, Ozlem

    2005-05-01

    A 53-year-old woman presented with a rare case of cavernous hemangioma of the frontal bone manifesting as right frontal stabbing headache and local swelling. Computed tomography revealed an extensive, well-defined, radiolucent, osteolytic lesion in the right frontal bone. The inner and outer tables of the skull were eroded and the lesion had compressed the brain parenchyma. Right frontal craniotomy was performed, and the lesion with a 1 cm-wide margin of surrounding uninvolved bone was removed. The defect was reconstructed with titanium mesh. The patient did well after the operation. The cosmetic results were satisfactory and follow up at 6 months post-surgery revealed no recurrence. PMID:15914968

  20. Control for laser hemangioma treatment system

    SciTech Connect

    Muckerheide, M.C.

    1982-02-23

    A laser is disclosed for directing a nominally 5 micron wavelength beam at a hemangioma or other variegated lesion. A fiber optic bundle for intercepting radiation reflected from the lesion at an intensity corresponding with the color intensity of the region at which the beam is directed. The output beam from the fiber optic bundle modulates a photodetector stage whose amplified output drives a galvanometer. The galvanometer shaft is coupled to the shaft of a potentiometer which is adjustable to regulate the laser power supply and, hence, the laser output energy level so laser beam energy is reduced when high absorption regions in the lesion are being scanned by the beam and increased as low absorption regions are being scanned.

  1. Acute progressive multiple cavernous hemangiomas of orbit in a child--a case report.

    PubMed

    Bhattacharjee, Kasturi; Bhattacharjee, Harsha; Deka, Amarendra

    2007-06-01

    Orbital cavernous hemangioma, a slowly progressive tumor of middle aged women is usually unilateral and solitary. We report a case of rapidly progressive multiple cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit in a young male patient. PMID:17613859

  2. Anastomosing hemangioma of the kidney: a literature review of a rare morphological variant of hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Background Anastomosing hemangioma (AH) of the kidney is a recently described morphological variant of hemangioma. It poses a diagnostic dilemma for clinicians because of its rarity and the overlapping features it shares with other renal vascular tumors. The aim of this paper is to review all the cases of AH of the kidney in the literature. Methods The literature was extensively searched for case reports of AH of the kidney and the clinical and pathological characteristics of the tumor were extracted. Results A total of 45 cases were reviewed. The mean age of presentation was 50 years (range, 15-83 years) and male sex accounted for 68.8% of the cases reviewed. AH of the kidney was mostly unilateral with only 4 cases of bilateral involvement of the kidney. The average size of the tumor is 1.5 cm (range, 0.1-7 cm). Incidental finding of AH of the kidney accounted for 62% of the cases reviewed. The ultrasound findings demonstrated varying echogenicity and the tumor appeared as solid and well demarcated heterogeneous masses on CT. The average follow up of the patients in this review was 26 months (range, 1-156 months). Conclusions AH of the kidney is a rare vascular tumor and a morphological variant of hemangioma. It has a characteristic sinusoidal architecture with a semblance of splenic sinusoids. It has overlapping clinical and imaging features with other vascular tumors of the kidney. Histological review and immunohistochemical studies are essential for accurate diagnosis. AH runs a benign course without evidence of disease recurrence during follow up. PMID:26244138

  3. Vertebral hemangioma coincident with metastasis of colon adenocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Zapałowicz, Krzysztof; Bierzyńska-Macyszyn, Grażyna; Stasiów, Bartłomiej; Krzan, Aleksandra; Wierzycka, Beata; Kopycka, Anna

    2016-03-01

    The authors report on colon cancer metastasis to the L-3 vertebra, which had been previously found to be involved by an asymptomatic hemangioma. A 61-year-old female patient was admitted after onset of lumbar axial pain and weakness of the right quadriceps muscle. Her medical history included colon cancer that had been diagnosed 3 years earlier and was treated via a right hemicolectomy followed by chemotherapy. Presurgical imaging revealed an asymptomatic hemangioma in the L-3 vertebral body. Computed tomography and MRI of the spine were performed after admission and revealed a hemangioma in the L-3 vertebral body as well as a soft-tissue mass protruding from the L-3 vertebral body to the spinal canal. Treatment consisted of vertebroplasty of the hemangioma, left L-3 hemilaminectomy, and removal of the pathological mass from the spinal canal and the L-3 vertebral body. Histopathological examination revealed the presence of colon cancer metastasis and a hemangioma in the same vertebra. PMID:26588498

  4. Intraosseous Cavernous Hemangioma: A Rare Presentation in Maxilla

    PubMed Central

    I??lgan, Servet Elin; erkez, Cem; Otrak?, Volkan; Serel, Sava?

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Hemangiomas are benign vascular lesions mostly arising from soft tissues. However, intraosseous hemangioma is a rare entity, comprising only 1% of benign bone tumors. We describe here the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of a 42-year-old woman with a painless hard swellingdiagnosed to be intraosseous hemangioma via orbital magnetic resonance imaginglocalized on the left infraorbital margin. Methods: After en bloc excision of the mass with safety margins through a subciliary incision, the defect was reconstructed via Medpor, which was fixed to the drilled bones with polypropylene sutures. Results: Histopathological diagnosis of the specimen revealed intraosseous cavernous hemangioma. There seems to be no recurrence or any cosmetic deformity 3 months postoperatively. Conclusion: Total surgical excision is the preferred method of treatment for intraosseous hemangiomas with reconstruction. In this patient, we used Medpor for reconstruction of orbital floor, the infraorbital orbital rim and anterior wall of maxillary sinus. We think that Medpor is a good option since a natural smooth malar contour and adequate orbital rim can be achieved and there is no any other scar. PMID:25328568

  5. Infantile hemangiomas exhibit neural crest and pericyte markers.

    PubMed

    Spock, Christopher L; Tom, Laura K; Canadas, Karina; Sue, Gloria R; Sawh-Martinez, Rajendra; Maier, Cheryl L; Pober, Jordan S; Galan, Anjela; Schultz, Brent; Waner, Milton; Narayan, Deepak

    2015-02-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign tumors of infancy and occur with greater than 60% prevalence on the head and neck. Despite their prevalence, little is known about the pathogenesis of this disease. Given the predilection of hemangioma incidence on the face and its nonrandom distribution on embryological fusion plates, we postulated that IHs are derived from pericytes of the neural crest. We performed an analysis on 15 specimens at various stages of the IH progression. Experiments performed included immunohistochemical staining, immunofluorescent staining, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and flow cytometry. We analyzed a number of cell markers using these methods, including cell markers for the neural crest, pericytes, endothelial cells, stem cells, and the placenta. We observed that neural crest markers such as NG2 and nestin were expressed in the hemangioma samples, in addition tomultiple pericytes markers including δ-like kinase, smooth muscle actin, calponin, and CD90. Stem cell markers such as c-myc, oct4, nanog, and sox2 were also more highly expressed in hemangioma samples compared to controls. Our work demonstrates that hemangiomas express pericyte, neural crest, and stem cell markers suggesting a possible pathogenetic mechanism. PMID:24401806

  6. Scl gene construction, expression and effect on hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Yin, H X; Zhang, Z H; Shen, J C; Zhang, A L; Zhang, T Y; Luo, J X; Fu, C Y; Yi, X P; Liu, Z W; Yang, S S; Zhou, B; Fu, X

    2013-04-01

    Hemangioma is a tumor that causes vascular endothelial cell hyperplasia, which commonly occur in newborns. Angiogenesis inhibitor targets the processes of angiogenesis, including the proliferation of vascular endothelial cells. A DNA sequence named Scl was designed, recombined into Pichia Pastoris, expressed by fermenting the engineered strain in a bioreactor, and purified the recombinant Scl by SP-sepharose fast flow. Scl can inhibit CAM angiogenesis. Only 1 ?g of Scl significantly suppressed the growth of CAM blood vessel, similar to that of 25 ?g of angiostatin. Scl showed a strong cytotoxicity on hemangioma cell (ATCC CRL No. 2587). After the drug acted for 24 h, the OD 570 measured value of the PBS control group averaged 1.873, whereas that of the Sc1 drug group was 0.692 (P < 0.01). Using the DeadEndTM Fluorometric TUNEL System, the detection results showed that 92 % of hemangioma cell apoptosis was observed in the Scl protein group, but only 1.3 % in the PBS control group (P < 0.01). After 2 weeks of treatment with the hemangioma model (cock's wattle) of the PBS group, 151 blood vessels with 100 views (40) were obtained, whereas 250 in the PBS group (P < 0.01). During the two-week medication, the hemangioma model of the PBS group increased by 1.18 cm, whereas only 0.58 cm in the Scl drug group (P < 0.01). PMID:23271126

  7. Synovial Hemangioma of the Knee Joint: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings

    PubMed Central

    Guler, Ibrahim; Nayman, Alaaddin; Koplay, Mustafa; Paksoy, Yahya

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background Synovial hemangioma is benign tumor of the joints and is seen relatively rare. The most affected joint is knee but should also be seen in other joints. The disease is usually symptomatic. They are classified as juxta-articular haemangioma, intra-articular haemangioma or an intermediate type of hemangioma with intra- and extraarticular components. Case Report A 19-years-old male patient presented with swollen and painful knee. The laboratory findings and physical examination were normal. MRI demonstrated a large lesion that was filling the suprapatellar bursa. Conclusions All radiologic examinations should be used in diagnosis but magnetic resonance imaging is the non-invasive method and excellent modality in the evaluation of soft tissues. In this paper, a 19-year-old male patient with the diagnosis of synovial hemangioma is reported and its radiologic findings are mentioned. PMID:26491492

  8. Marked female predilection in some syndromes associated with facial hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Gorlin, R J; Kantaputra, P; Aughton, D J; Mulliken, J B

    1994-08-15

    Analysis of the literature yielded 42 examples of the combination of sternal non-union and supraumbilical raph without evidence of sex predilection. However, among an additional 31 cases in which the triad included facial hemangioma, there was almost exclusive female occurrence. Another condition involves extensive unilateral hemangioma of the face, absence of ipsilateral carotid and vertebral vessels, mental retardation, and Dandy-Walker malformation. Still another disorder has been proposed which includes facial hemangioma and dilatation of the carotid syphon. Both of these conditions exhibit marked female predilection. Examples of overlap of all three "disorders" cause the authors to question the independence of these disorders, hypothesizing instead that they represent a spectrum. PMID:7801997

  9. Symplastic hemangioma: report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Goh, Seng Geok Nicholas; Dayrit, Johannes F; Calonje, Eduardo

    2006-11-01

    Symplastic hemangioma is characterized by degenerative atypia of vascular smooth muscle and interstitial cells within a pre-existing vascular lesion with minimal endothelial cell atypia. We describe an additional two cases of this distinctive but poorly recognized entity. On histology, both lesions revealed a cirsoid aneurysm-type appearance with thick-walled and variably dilated blood vessels. The vascular endothelial cells showed mild nuclear hyperchromasia with no multilayering or mitoses. The atypical cells, either located within the vascular smooth muscle wall or within the interstitium, were spindle or epithelioid with varying degrees of hyperchromasia, nuclear enlargement, pleomorphism, and multinucleation. Perivascular hemorrhage, vascular thrombosis, and focal papillary endothelial hyperplasia were uniformly present. The variably fibrous to edematous stroma showed hemosiderin deposits and a mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate. Clusters of adipocytes were present within the superficial dermis. Rare atypical mitoses and occasional bizarre lipoblast-like stromal cells were identified in one tumor. Immunohistochemistry showed focal smooth muscle actin positivity in the pleomorphic cells of the vascular walls. CD68 and CD34 stained occasional stromal cells in the interstitial location. Both the cases showed no recurrence. The bizarre cytologic changes are interpreted as degenerative in nature and probably akin to that observed in ancient schwannoma and uterine symplastic leiomyoma. PMID:17083693

  10. Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Choroidal Hemangioma

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Yun Taek; Kang, Se Woong; Lee, Jung-Il

    2011-12-01

    Purpose: Patients with choroidal hemangioma (CH), a benign ocular hamartoma, frequently presents with visual disturbance as a result of exudative retinal detachment (RD), which originates in subretinal fluid accumulation. We report our experience using the Leksell Gamma Knife in the management of symptomatic CH. Methods and Materials: Seven patients with symptomatic CH (circumscribed form in 3 patients and diffuse form in 4) were treated with the Leksell Gamma Knife at our institution during a 7-year period. All patients presented with exudative RD involving the macula that resulted in severe visual deterioration. The prescription dose to the target margin was 10 Gy in all cases. The mean tumor volume receiving the prescription dose was 536 mm{sup 3} (range, 151-1,057). The clinical data were analyzed in a retrospective fashion after a mean follow-up of 34.4 months (range, 9-76). Results: The resolution of exudative RD was achieved within 6 months, and the visual acuity of the affected eye had improved at the latest follow-up examination (p = .018) in all patients. No recurrence of exudative RD occurred. Thinning of the CHs was observed in most patients; however, symptomatic radiation toxicity had not developed in any of the patients. Conclusion: Symptomatic CHs can be safely and effectively managed with Gamma Knife radiosurgery using a marginal dose of 10 Gy.

  11. Symptomatic hemangioma of oral cavity treated with CO2 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicola, Ester M. D.; Coutinho, Adriana A.; Nicola, Jorge H.; Gusmao, Reinaldo J.

    1995-05-01

    The CO2 laser has been used by our group as a secure and efficient tool for the treatment of symptomatic oral cavity hemangiomas which can be responsible for disturbance for swallowing, phonation and in hygienic, besides discomfort and bleeding to patients. During the last four years, twelve patients with symptomatic oral cavity hemangioma were treated at the Laser Unit of our University. The treatment consisted in the application of CO2 laser at medium to low intensity according to characteristics and location of the lesions. For hemangiomas located at sites of easy surgical access such as anterior 1/3 of the tongue, lips, bucal vestibule we use 10 to 37 J/mm2 over the surface of the lesion. When the hemangioma was located at difficult surgical access sites, such as, tonsils, posterior 1/3 of tongue, or at pharyngeal wall we used 3.0 to 4.0 J/mm2 encircling the whole hemangioma. This causes reduction in the size of the lesion throughout sclerosis of nutrition vessels. After this initial procedure we applied 0.8 to 1.0 J/mm2 over the whole extent of the lesion. For both procedures we observed no significant bleeding or inflammatory reaction. The patients referred minimal post-operative discomfort with good cicatricial evolution. The evident reduction in the vascularization and size could be confirmed by photographic documentation. The good results described above, with disappearance of symptoms lead to the conclusion that CO2 laser is an efficient and secure method of treatment for symptomatic hemangioma of the oral cavity.

  12. Hemangioma of the umbilical cord with amnionic epithelial inclusion cyst.

    PubMed

    Jacques, Suzanne M; Qureshi, Faisal

    2013-06-01

    A case of hemangioma of the umbilical cord with an associated amnionic epithelial inclusion cyst (4.5 cm in maximum dimension), diagnosed by pathological examination at 26 weeks of gestation following in utero fetal demise, is reported. These are both uncommon lesions of the umbilical cord, and to our knowledge, have not been reported together. Prenatal ultrasound at 20 weeks of gestation had shown no fetal or placental abnormalities. The cyst formation may have been secondary to the hemangioma, possibly the result of damage to the amnion caused by the associated edema and myxomatous degeneration of Wharton's jelly. PMID:23017112

  13. Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma: a case of complete prenatal involution.

    PubMed

    Ozcan, Umit Aksoy

    2010-02-01

    We report a case of rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma of the flank, which was diagnosed in the 2(nd) trimester of gestation and showed complete involution before term. In our case sonography revealed a highly vascular soft tissue mass with smooth contours, which was isointense with the placenta on T2-weighted MR images. The fetus was born with scar tissue at the site of the lesion. To our knowledge this is the 1(st) reported case of rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma showing complete involution before term. PMID:19899150

  14. A systematic approach to vertebral hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Gaudino, Simona; Martucci, Matia; Colantonio, Raffaella; Lozupone, Emilio; Visconti, Emiliano; Leone, Antonio; Colosimo, Cesare

    2015-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) are a frequent and often incidental finding on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the spine. When their imaging appearance is "typical" (coarsened vertical trabeculae on radiographic and CT images, hyperintensity on T1- and T2-weighted MR images), the radiological diagnosis is straightforward. Nonetheless, VHs might also display an "atypical" appearance on MR imaging because of their histological features (amount of fat, vessels, and interstitial edema). Although the majority of VHs are asymptomatic and quiescent lesions, they can exhibit active behaviors, including growing quickly, extending beyond the vertebral body, and invading the paravertebral and/or epidural space with possible compression of the spinal cord and/or nerve roots ("aggressive" VHs). These "atypical" and "aggressive" VHs are a radiological challenge since they can mimic primary bony malignancies or metastases. CT plays a central role in the workup of atypical VHs, being the most appropriate imaging modality to highlight the polka-dot appearance that is representative of them. When aggressive VHs are suspected, both CT and MR are needed. MR is the best imaging modality to characterize the epidural and/or soft-tissue component, helping in the differential diagnosis. Angiography is a useful imaging adjunct for evaluating and even treating aggressive VHs. The primary objectives of this review article are to summarize the clinical, pathological, and imaging features of VHs, as well as the treatment options, and to provide a practical guide for the differential diagnosis, focusing on the rationale assessment of the findings from radiography, CT, and MR imaging. PMID:25348558

  15. Infantile hemangioma: pulsed dye laser versus surgical therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Remlova, E.; Dostalova, T.; Michalusova, I.; Vranova, J.; Jelinkova, H.; Hubacek, M.

    2014-05-01

    Hemangioma is a mesenchymal benign tumor formed by blood vessels. Anomalies affect up to 10% of children and they are more common in females than in males. The aim of our study was to compare the treatment efficacy, namely the curative effect and adverse events, such as loss of pigment and appearance of scarring, between classical surgery techniques and laser techniques. For that reason a group of 223 patients with hemangioma was retrospectively reviewed. For treatment, a pulsed dye laser (PDL) (Rhodamine G, wavelength 595 nm, pulsewidth between 0.45 and 40 ms, spot diameter 7 mm, energy density 9-11 J cm-2) was used and the results were compared with a control group treated with classical surgical therapy under general anesthesia. The curative effects, mainly number of sessions, appearance of scars, loss of pigment, and relapses were evaluated as a marker of successful treatment. From the results it was evident that the therapeutic effects of both systems are similar. The PDL was successful in all cases. The surgery patients had four relapses. Classical surgery is directly connected with the presence of scars, but the system is safe for larger hemangiomas. It was confirmed that the PDL had the optimal curative effect without scars for small lesions (approximately 10 mm). Surgical treatment under general anesthesia is better for large hemangiomas; the disadvantage is the presence of scars.

  16. Acute presentation of cavernous hemangioma of the orbit.

    PubMed

    Arora, Vipul; Prat, Marta Calsina; Kazim, Michael

    2011-08-01

    Cavernous hemangioma of the orbit typically presents as a slow-growing tumor with gradual onset of symptoms. Acute onset of clinical signs and symptoms, are a rare feature. We present the case of a 40-year-old female, who developed sudden onset of clinical symptoms. MRI evidence of intralesional hemorrhage was confirmed by histopathology. PMID:21780934

  17. Internal jugular vein pyogenic capillary hemangioma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Cera, Chiara; Calvagna, Cristiano; Sgorlon, Giada; Zamolo, Francesca; Pancrazio, Francesco; Adovasio, Roberto

    2015-02-01

    Internal jugular vein hemangioma, also called pyogenic granuloma, is a rare tumor. Such a neoformation was accidentally discovered and excised in a middle-aged man. Histologic and immunohistochemical investigations were performed, and this case is compared with the poor amount of similar ones described in the literature. PMID:25462549

  18. Role of pigment epithelium-derived factor in the involution of hemangioma: Autocrine growth inhibition of hemangioma-derived endothelial cells

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Kyung-Jin; Yun, Jang-Hyuk; Heo, Jong-Ik; Lee, Eun Hui; Min, Hye Sook; Choi, Tae Hyun; Cho, Chung-Hyun

    2014-11-14

    Highlights: • PEDF was expressed and induced during the involuting phase of IH. • PEDF inhibited the cell growth of the involuting HemECs in an autocrine manner. • PEDF suppression restored the impaired cell growth of the involuting HemECs. - Abstract: Hemangioma is a benign tumor derived from abnormal blood vessel growth. Unlike other vascular tumor counterparts, a hemangioma is known to proliferate during its early stage but it is followed by a stage of involution where regression of the tumor occurs. The critical onset leading to the involution of hemangioma is currently not well understood. This study focused on the molecular identities of the involution of hemangioma. We demonstrated that a soluble factor released from the involuting phase of hemangioma-derived endothelial cells (HemECs) and identified pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) as an anti-angiogenic factor that was associated with the growth inhibition of the involuting HemECs. The growth inhibition of the involuting HemECs was reversed by suppression of PEDF in the involuting HemECs. Furthermore, we found that PEDF was more up-regulated in the involuting phase of hemangioma tissues than in the proliferating or the involuted. Taken together, we propose that PEDF accelerates the involution of hemangioma by growth inhibition of HemECs in an autocrine manner. The regulatory mechanism of PEDF expression could be a potential therapeutic target to treat hemangiomas.

  19. Cardiac screening in infants with infantile hemangiomas before propranolol treatment.

    PubMed

    Blei, Francine; McElhinney, Doff B; Guarini, Ascanio; Presti, Salvatore

    2014-01-01

    There is no uniform pretreatment cardiac evaluation for infants treated with oral propranolol, which is now the drug of choice for hemangiomas of infancy requiring systemic medical intervention. The aim of this study was to report and evaluate the findings of pretreatment cardiac evaluation. Data were reviewed for patients evaluated by a single hemangioma specialist and a single pediatric cardiologist prior to initiation of propranolol for infantile hemangioma. Cardiac evaluation included a complete echocardiogram. From July 2009 through January 2013, 239 consecutive patients 12 months of age or younger (median 2.7 months) were screened. No patients had cardiac contraindications to propranolol. However, 50 patients (21%) had an abnormal echocardiogram: 39 atrial septal defects (5 associated with right heart enlargement), 6 ventricular septal defects, 2 patent ductus arteriosus, 1 aortic coarctation, 1 pulmonary valve stenosis, and 1 aberrant subclavian artery. Overall, 69 patients had an audible heart murmur, 44 of which were not associated with pathologic findings on echocardiogram. All patients with a ventricular septal defect and 16 of 39 with an atrial septal defect had a murmur. Two of seven patients with PHACE syndrome had cardiac anomalies. None of the findings precluded the use of propranolol. Assisted reproductive technologies were used in 18% of pregnancies, including in vitro fertilization in 12%. Cardiac contraindications to propranolol treatment are uncommon in patients with infantile hemangioma. However, anatomic abnormalities were more common than reported in the general population. Further study is necessary to determine whether there is a pathogenic relationship between cardiac defects and nonsyndromic infantile hemangioma. PMID:24889812

  20. Giant Planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lunine, J. I.

    Beyond the inner solar system's terrestrial planets, with their compact orbits and rock -metal compositions, lies the realm of the outer solar system and the giant planets. Here the distance between planets jumps by an order of magnitude relative to the spacing of the terrestrial planets, and the masses of the giants are one to two orders of magnitude greater than Venus and Earth - the largest terrestrial bodies. Composition changes as well, since the giant planets are largely gaseous, with inferred admixtures of ice, rock, and metal, while the terrestrial planets are essentially pure rock and metal. The giant planets have many more moons than do the terrestrial planets, and the range of magnetic field strengths is larger in the outer solar system. It is the giant planets that sport rings, ranging from the magnificent ones around Saturn to the variable ring arcs of Neptune. Were it not for the fact that only Earth supports abundant life (with life possibly existing, but not proved to exist, in the martian crust and liquid water regions underneath the ice of Jupiter's moon Europa), the terrestrial planets would pale in interest next to the giant planets for any extraterrestrial visitor.

  1. Sternal Cleft associated with Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Atrial Septal Defect, and Subglottic Hemangioma: A rarity

    PubMed Central

    Mirshemirani, Alireza; Sadeghian, Irandokht

    2014-01-01

    We present a 2-day-old female neonate with cleft of the upper sternum, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), atrial septal defect (ASD), and subglottic hemangioma. Dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, abdominal ultrasonography, and imaging were performed. She underwent a surgical repair of sternal cleft in neonatal life. After 8 months, she developed respiratory distress, apnea due to subglottic hemangioma. She underwent urgent tracheostomy. Subglottic hemangioma was treated with the KTP532 laser. PMID:24834387

  2. Cavernous hemangioma of the submandibular gland with parapharyngeal extension in an adult: Case report.

    PubMed

    Azadarmaki, Roya; Then, Matthew T; Walia, Rohit; Lango, Miriam N

    2016-02-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas of the submandibular gland are rare. Signs and symptoms typically resemble those of sialolithiasis and chronic sialadenitis. If a lesion extends into the parapharyngeal space, otalgia and sore throat can result. Spontaneous regression is not a characteristic of cavernous hemangiomas. Surgical excision is a management option. We report the case of an adult with a submandibular gland cavernous hemangioma with parapharyngeal extension. PMID:26930336

  3. Iris depigmentation: an unusual complication of intralesional corticosteroid injection for capillary hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Al-Mahdi, Huda

    2010-01-01

    Intralesional injection of corticosteroids has been used successfully in the treatment of adenexal hemangiomas, with advantages of easy administration, rapid action, repeatability, efficacy and safety. We report a case of an eight-month-old female infant who underwent intralesional corticosteroid injection for capillary hemangioma that had resulted in amblyopia of her left eye from ptosis. Two weeks after the injection, the hemangioma showed some regression but at that point iris depigmentation of the affected eye was noted. The iris depigmentation remained unchanged during her follow-up visit with significant regression of the hemangioma, associated ptosis and astigmatism. PMID:20543946

  4. Long-term follow up of renal anastomosing hemangioma mimicking renal angiosarcoma.

    PubMed

    Heidegger, Isabel; Pichler, Renate; Schäfer, Georg; Zelger, Bernhard; Zelger, Bettina; Aigner, Friedrich; Bektic, Jasmin; Horninger, Wolfgang

    2014-08-01

    Anastomosing hemangioma of the kidney is a very rare neoplasm, currently 19 cases have been reported in the literature. First described in 2009, histopathologically anastomosing hemangioma is similar to aggressive angiosarcoma. No long-term follow-up data of anastomosing hemangioma have been described yet. Here, we present the case of a healthy 56-year-old man diagnosed in 2002 with a 7 × 5-cm anastomosing hemangioma mimicking an aggressive renal angiosarcoma. The patient underwent nephrectomy and has been followed up disease free for 13 years. PMID:24650180

  5. Giant Cell Arteritis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Patient / Caregiver Diseases & Conditions Giant Cell Arteritis Giant Cell Arteritis Fast Facts Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is ... polymyalgia rheumatica (also called PMR). What is giant cell arteritis? GCA is a type of vasculitis or ...

  6. Hepatitis A

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Issues Listen Espaol Text Size Email Print Share Hepatitis A Article Body Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. This inflammation can ... well as infection. There are at least 5 hepatitis viruses. Hepatitis A is contracted when a child ...

  7. Red blood cell scan in cavernous hemangioma of the larynx

    SciTech Connect

    Finkelstein, D.M.; Noyek, A.M.; Kirsh, J.C. )

    1989-09-01

    Cavernous hemangioma of the larynx is an uncommon, difficult-to-diagnose vascular tumor for which there is no significant imaging literature to date. The possibility of improved diagnosis through RBC scanning might obviate injudicious biopsy and potential hemorrhage within the airway. Utilizing the radionuclide RBC scan, which labels the patient's own RBCs initially with cold pyrophosphate, and subsequently with technetium 99m as pertechnetate, we have identified successfully four patients with cavernous hemangioma of the larynx. All presented with a supraglottic mass involving at least the aryepiglottic fold and arytenoid region unilaterally. This report describes our satisfactory diagnostic imaging experience with the radionuclide RBC scan and suggests both its imaging specificity and its role in the management of this lesion.

  8. Beta-Blockers as Therapy for Infantile Hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Nguyen, Harrison P.; Pickrell, Brent B.; Wright, Teresa S.

    2014-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are common benign vascular tumors seen in children. Although the majority will improve spontaneously without treatment, a small subset will require therapy due to a variety of complications. Less than a decade ago, propranolol replaced corticosteroids as first-line treatment for most IH and it has proven to be a relatively safe, effective therapy. After initiation of propranolol, most hemangiomas show evidence of significant improvement relatively rapidly, often within days. Although propranolol is generally felt to have a more limited side-effect profile than systemic corticosteroids, its use has been infrequently associated with adverse events, including sleep disturbances, acrocyanosis, hypotension, bradycardia, respiratory events, and hypoglycemia. Rarely, hypoglycemic seizures have been reported, usually occurring in the setting of prolonged fasting. PMID:25045334

  9. Red blood cell scan in cavernous hemangioma of the larynx.

    PubMed

    Finkelstein, D M; Noyek, A M; Kirsh, J C

    1989-09-01

    Cavernous hemangioma of the larynx is an uncommon, difficult-to-diagnose vascular tumor for which there is no significant imaging literature to date. The possibility of improved diagnosis through RBC scanning might obviate injudicious biopsy and potential hemorrhage within the airway. Utilizing the radionuclide RBC scan, which labels the patient's own RBCs initially with cold pyrophosphate, and subsequently with technetium 99m as pertechnetate, we have identified successfully four patients with cavernous hemangioma of the larynx. All presented with a supraglottic mass involving at least the aryepiglottic fold and arytenoid region unilaterally. This report describes our satisfactory diagnostic imaging experience with the radionuclide RBC scan and suggests both its imaging specificity and its role in the management of this lesion. PMID:2551207

  10. Lymph node hemangioma in one-humped camel.

    PubMed

    Aljameel, M A; Halima, M O

    2015-01-01

    Hemangioma is a benign tumor of blood and lymphatic vessels. It is common in skin, mucosa and soft tissues, and its occurrence in lymph nodes is extremely rare. A 10 year-old she-camel was slaughtered at Nyala slaughterhouse, South Darfur State, Sudan. Grossly, the carcass was emaciated. The left ventral superficial cervical lymph node was enlarged, hard on palpation and protruded outside the body. Its cut surface was dark red in color and measured (18 cm) in diameter. Histopathologically, the sections revealed vascular masses were composed of non-encapsulated clusters of small and medium sized with thick and thin-walled, filled with blood, separated by courageous stroma and surrounded by closely packed proliferating capillaries. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first record of the left ventral superficial cervical lymph node hemangioma in a camel in the Sudan. PMID:26753134

  11. Carbonic anhydrase is abundant in fenestrated capillaries of cherry hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Eichhorn, M; Jungkunz, W; Wrl, J; Marsch, W C

    1994-01-01

    A strong correlation has been found between carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity and fenestrations in juxtaepithelial capillaries of several tissues, including psoriatic lesions of human skin. In the present study we demonstrate that the majority of the capillaries in cherry hemangiomas are fenestrated and histochemically react CA positively. Obviously the occurrence of CA in these capillaries corresponds to the fenestrations of venous capillaries, which are numerously revealed by electron microscopy. In normal undiseased skin no capillary staining for CA was observed. Therefore in a large proportion of the capillaries of cherry hemangiomas the correlation between fenestrations and CA activity also exists. We suggest that the histochemical demonstration of CA activity might serve as a sensitive and simple marker for fenestrated capillaries in skin tissue. PMID:7908484

  12. Lymph node hemangioma in one-humped camel

    PubMed Central

    Aljameel, M.A.; Halima, M.O.

    2015-01-01

    Hemangioma is a benign tumor of blood and lymphatic vessels. It is common in skin, mucosa and soft tissues, and its occurrence in lymph nodes is extremely rare. A 10 year-old she-camel was slaughtered at Nyala slaughterhouse, South Darfur State, Sudan. Grossly, the carcass was emaciated. The left ventral superficial cervical lymph node was enlarged, hard on palpation and protruded outside the body. Its cut surface was dark red in color and measured (18 cm) in diameter. Histopathologically, the sections revealed vascular masses were composed of non-encapsulated clusters of small and medium sized with thick and thin-walled, filled with blood, separated by courageous stroma and surrounded by closely packed proliferating capillaries. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first record of the left ventral superficial cervical lymph node hemangioma in a camel in the Sudan. PMID:26753134

  13. Cavernous hemangioma of the tongue: A rare case report.

    PubMed

    Kamala, K A; Ashok, L; Sujatha, G P

    2014-01-01

    Hemangiomas are developmental vascular abnormalities and more than 50% of these lesions occur in the head and neck region, with the lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, and palate most commonly involved. They are considered as hamartomas rather than true neoplasms. Here we report a case of hemangioma of the body of the tongue, discussing the diagnostic aspects and treatment modalities of such lesion and emphasizing the role of the color Doppler ultrasonography, especially in the diagnosis and treatment. Factors such as patient's age, size and site of lesion and the proximity of lesion to vital structure are paramount in the determination of the therapeutic approach and surgical excision. Even though radiotherapy, cryotherapy, laser therapy, medical treatment, injection of sclerosing substances and the selective embolization of the lingual artery seem to have some efficacy, the author conclude that surgery is the therapy of choice in the isolated vascular lesions of the body of the tongue. PMID:24808705

  14. Cavernous hemangioma of the tongue: A rare case report

    PubMed Central

    Kamala, K. A.; Ashok, L.; Sujatha, G. P.

    2014-01-01

    Hemangiomas are developmental vascular abnormalities and more than 50% of these lesions occur in the head and neck region, with the lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, and palate most commonly involved. They are considered as hamartomas rather than true neoplasms. Here we report a case of hemangioma of the body of the tongue, discussing the diagnostic aspects and treatment modalities of such lesion and emphasizing the role of the color Doppler ultrasonography, especially in the diagnosis and treatment. Factors such as patient's age, size and site of lesion and the proximity of lesion to vital structure are paramount in the determination of the therapeutic approach and surgical excision. Even though radiotherapy, cryotherapy, laser therapy, medical treatment, injection of sclerosing substances and the selective embolization of the lingual artery seem to have some efficacy, the author conclude that surgery is the therapy of choice in the isolated vascular lesions of the body of the tongue. PMID:24808705

  15. Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas According to Histological Type

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jun Ho; Kim, Soo Chin; Lim, Myung Kwan; Jang, Tae Young; Kim, Yeo Ju; Kang, Young Hye; Lee, Ha Young

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings between two histological types of nasal hemangiomas (cavernous hemangioma and capillary or lobular capillary hemangioma). Materials and Methods CT (n = 20; six pre-contrast; 20 post-enhancement) and MRI (n = 7) images from 23 patients (16 men and seven women; mean age, 43 years; range, 13-73 years) with a pathologically diagnosed nasal cavity hemangioma (17 capillary and lobular capillary hemangiomas and six cavernous hemangiomas) were reviewed, focusing on lesion location, size, origin, contour, enhancement pattern, attenuation or signal intensity (SI), and bony changes. Results The 17 capillary and lobular hemangiomas averaged 13 mm (range, 4-37 mm) in size, and most (n = 13) were round. Fourteen capillary hemangiomas had marked or moderate early phase enhancement on CT, which dissipated during the delayed phase. Four capillary hemangiomas on MRI showed marked enhancement. Bony changes were usually not seen on CT or MRI (seen on five cases, 29.4%). Half of the lesions (2/4) had low SI on T1-weighted MRI images and heterogeneously high SI with signal voids on T2-weighted images. The six cavernous hemangiomas were larger than the capillary type (mean, 20.5 mm; range, 10-39 mm) and most had lobulating contours (n = 4), with characteristic enhancement patterns (three centripetal and three multifocal nodular), bony remodeling (n = 4, 66.7%), and mild to moderate heterogeneous enhancement during the early and delayed phases. Conclusion CT and MRI findings are different between the two histological types of nasal hemangiomas, particularly in the enhancement pattern and size, which can assist in preoperative diagnosis and planning of surgical tumor excision. PMID:25995686

  16. Breast Hypoplasia as a Complication of an Untreated Infantile Hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Theiler, Martin; Hoffman, William Y; Frieden, Ilona J

    2016-03-01

    We report the case of a mixed infantile hemangioma (IH) involving the right breast that resulted in pronounced hypoplasia of the affected breast, which became apparent after breast development at puberty. No treatment had been performed in infancy or childhood. This case demonstrates that the presence of an IH may affect development of the mammary gland bud and that systemic therapy should be considered in an attempt to minimize this adverse sequela. PMID:26763884

  17. Hemangiomas and Vascular Malformations: Current Theory and Management

    PubMed Central

    Richter, Gresham T.; Friedman, Adva B.

    2012-01-01

    Vascular anomalies are a heterogeneous group of congenital blood vessel disorders more typically referred to as birthmarks. Subcategorized into vascular tumors and malformations, each anomaly is characterized by specific morphology, pathophysiology, clinical behavior, and management approach. Hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumor. Lymphatic, capillary, venous, and arteriovenous malformations make up the majority of vascular malformations. This paper reviews current theory and practice in the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of these more common vascular anomalies. PMID:22611412

  18. Propranolol treatment of subglottic hemangiomas: a review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Lei; Wu, Xiling; Xu, Xuefeng; Chen, Zhimin

    2015-01-01

    Subglottic hemangiomas (SGH), which are rare benign tumors of the airway, are potentially life-threatening conditions that may require intervention. Propranolol appears to be an effective treatment for these tumors and should therefore be a first-line treatment for SGH that require intervention. This review presents the clinical presentation and diagnosis of SGH and discusses current knowledge regarding the use of propranolol for the treatment of SGH. PMID:26884900

  19. Spontaneous Hemo-pneumothorax as a Result of Venous Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Bhaskar, Jayapadman; Sharma, Ashok K.

    2006-01-01

    Spontaneous hemopneumothorax is a rare clinical entity that can be life-threatening, with a significant increase in mortality if not recognized and treated in time. We report the case of a young man who presented to us with nontraumatic spontaneous hemopneumothorax. Histologic examination of lung tissue showed the most likely cause of the bleeding to be venous hemangioma, which to the best of our knowledge has not been reported before. PMID:16572882

  20. Spindle cell hemangioma: Unusual presentation of an uncommon tumor

    PubMed Central

    Gbolahan, Olalere Omoyosola; Fasina, Oluyemi; Adisa, Akinyele Olumuyiwa; Fasola, Olubayo A

    2015-01-01

    Spindle cell hemangioma (SCH) is an uncommon tumor that usually presents as subcutaneous or deep dermal nodule affecting the extremities and is typically <2 cm in size. A few cases have been reported in the head and neck region. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, there are no previous reports of SCH occurring in the orbit in the English literature. We, therefore, report the case of a large SCH involving the right orbit of a healthy 9-year-old Nigerian girl.

  1. Oral changes stemming from hemangioma of the tongue.

    PubMed

    Gallarreta, Fernanda Weber de Morais; Pieroni, Karina Alessandra M Grecca; Mantovani, Carolina Paes Torres; Silva, Francisco Wanderley Garcia de Paula; Nelson-Filho, Paulo; de Queiroz, Alexandra Mussolino

    2013-01-01

    Hemangiomas are among the most common tumors found in children and are characterized by an excess of blood vessels. They most often affect the area of the head and neck, occur with greater frequency among women and Caucasians, and can be found in the oral cavity-especially on the lips, tongue, or mucosa. Clinically, hemangiomas present as asymptomatic red or blue-colored lesions that grow rapidly and are capable of spontaneous regression. When they are found on the tongue, they can result in clinical problems as well as recurrent trauma due to biting of the tongue and tooth-brushing, resulting in bleeding, obstruction of the upper airways, and difficulty with chewing, deglutition, and speaking. The purpose of this article was to present a case study of a 4-year-old child with a diagnosis of hemangioma of the tongue, emphasizing the oral changes found as a result of this lesion, as well as the dental treatment used to minimize these changes. PMID:23635974

  2. Orbital cavernous hemangioma presenting with atypical appearance: case report.

    PubMed

    Akiyama, Osamu; Tsutsumi, Satoshi; Suga, Yasuo; Abe, Yusuke; Yasumoto, Yukimasa; Ito, Masanori

    2009-05-01

    A 25-year-old male presented with unilateral retroorbital dysesthesia persisting for 2 weeks followed by progressive palpebral ptosis without preceding trauma, paranasal sinus surgery, or infectious signs. Neuroophthalmological inspection revealed mildly increased intraocular pressure and exophthalmos on the affected side, without conjunctival chemosis, restriction of the extraocular movements, double vision, or visual impairment. These symptoms did not vary with posture, straining, and Valsalva maneuver. Neuroimaging showed an irregularly-shaped orbital mass without enhancement mainly situated in the medial compartment of the orbit and encasing the optic nerve. Bruit was not audible and abnormal vasculatures were not identified in and around the affected orbit. Transcranial surgical exploration through the surgical window formed by the superior and medial rectus muscles revealed a purplish elastic-soft mass, heterogeneous in consistency and tightly adhering to the surrounding tissue, so cryoprobe-assisted radical tumor resection could not be completed without jeopardizing the optic nerve. The mass was subtotally resected piecemeal without postoperative visual impairment. The histological diagnosis was cavernous hemangioma. Orbital cavernous hemangiomas may present with an atypical appearance which confuses pretreatment diagnosis and makes surgical extirpation more hazardous. Conservative surgery should be indicated for poorly demarcated orbital cavernous hemangiomas considering the usual benign clinical course and postoperative sequelae. PMID:19465792

  3. A rare case report of rib hemangioma mimicking a malignant bone tumor or metastatic tumor

    PubMed Central

    Haro, Akira; Nagashima, Akira

    2015-01-01

    Hemangioma of the rib is a rare benign vascular tumor. This benign disease induces osteolytic changes, and must be distinguished from a malignant bone tumor or metastatic tumor. Definitive diagnosis is achieved by excision biopsy or histological examination after surgical resection in many cases. We here in present a rare case of hemangioma of the rib. PMID:26454500

  4. Macrophages Contribute to the Progression of Infantile Hemangioma by Regulating the Proliferation and Differentiation of Hemangioma Stem Cells.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wei; Chen, Gang; Wang, Feng-Qin; Ren, Jian-Gang; Zhu, Jun-Yi; Cai, Yu; Zhao, Ji-Hong; Jia, Jun; Zhao, Yi-Fang

    2015-12-01

    Macrophage infiltration has been implicated in infantile hemangioma (IH), the most common tumor of infancy. However, the exact role of macrophages in IH remains unknown. This study aims to clarify the functional significance of macrophages in the progression of IH. The distribution of macrophages in human IH was analyzed, and our results revealed that polarized macrophages were more prevalent in proliferating IHs than in involuting IHs, which was consistent with the increased macrophage-related cytokines in proliferating IHs. In vitro results further demonstrated that polarized macrophages effectively promoted the proliferation of hemangioma stem cells (HemSCs) and suppressed their adipogenesis in an Akt- and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2)-dependent manner. Moreover, M2- but not M1-polarized macrophages promoted the endothelial differentiation of HemSCs. Furthermore, mixing macrophages in a murine hemangioma model elevated microvessel density and postponed fat tissue formation, which was concomitant with the activation of Akt and Erk1/2 signals. Cluster analysis revealed a close correlation among the macrophage markers, Ki67, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), p-Akt, and p-Erk1/2 in human IH tissues. Collectively, our results suggest that macrophages in IH contribute to tumor progression by promoting the proliferation and endothelial differentiation while suppressing the adipogenesis of HemSCs. These findings indicate that targeting the infiltrating macrophages in IH is a promising therapeutic approach to accelerate IH regression. PMID:26288359

  5. A practical guide to treatment of infantile hemangiomas of the head and neck

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Jia Wei; Zhang, Ling; Zhou, Qin; Mai, Hua Ming; Wang, Yan An; Fan, Xin Dong; Qin, Zhong Ping; Wang, Xv Kai; Zhao, Yi Fang

    2013-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign vascular tumors in infancy and childhood. As hemangioma could regress spontaneously, it generally does not require treatment unless proliferation interferes with normal function or gives rise to risk of serious disfigurement and complications unlikely to resolve without treatment. Various methods for treating infant hemangiomas have been documented, including wait and see policy, laser therapy, drug therapy, sclerotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery and so on, but none of these therapies can be used for all hemangiomas. To obtain the best treatment outcomes, the treatment protocol should be individualized and comprehensive as well as sequential. Based on published literature and clinical experiences, we established a treatment guideline in order to provide criteria for the management of head and neck hemangiomas. This protocol will be renewed and updated to include and reflect any cutting-edge medical knowledge, and provide the newest treatment modalities which will benefit our patients. PMID:24260591

  6. Hemangioma of the umbilical cord: stenotic change of the umbilical vessels.

    PubMed

    Kamitomo, M; Sueyoshi, K; Matsukita, S; Matsuda, Y; Hatae, M; Ikenoue, T

    1999-01-01

    We report a rare case of an umbilical cord hemangioma diagnosed by ultrasound at 16 weeks of gestation. The umbilical cord consisted of a hemangioma nodule and pseudocysts near the placental insertion, a large gelatin-like swelling adjacent to the nodule on its fetal side, and a short normal part extending to the navel. At 17 weeks of gestation, this condition resulted in the intrauterine death of the fetus. Microscopically, there were communications between the capillary of the hemangioma and the umbilical vessels, verifying the origin of the tumor. Moreover, the umbilical vein and one of the arteries changed stenotically due to the intravascular proliferation of the hemangioma. These findings indicate the possibility of a pathological association between the umbilical cord hemangioma and fetal demise due to impaired umbilical circulation. PMID:10640869

  7. The Synergistic Effect of Bleomycin, Triamcinolone and Epinephrine in Treatment of Hemangioma and Arteriovenous Malformations

    PubMed Central

    Masiha, Hamid; Nikpour, Heydar Ali; Hasani, Mohammad Esmaeil; Emami, Abolhasan; Jafari, Mehryar; Manafi, Ali

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND Hemangioma is the most common tumor of neonatal period and it is almost always appeared by the end of the first week of life and can be found mostly in head and neck area. This study evaluated the synergistic effect of bleomycin, triamcinolone and epinephrine in treatment of hemangioma and arteriovenous malformations. METHODS In this multicenter study, a combination of bleomycin, triamcinolone and epinephrine was injected intralesionaly for treatment of hemangiomas and arteriovenous malformations and their synergistic effect was evaluated in 32 patients. RESULTS Hemangiomas and low-flow arteriovenous malformations were treated well with their combination while port-wine spots and high-flow lesions response were relatively poor. CONCLUSION It seems that the combination of bleomycin, triamcinolone and epinephrine may be a good choice in treatment of hemangioma and arteriovenous malformations. PMID:25734049

  8. Viral Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... I prevent viral hepatitis infection? Below are the best methods for preventing the hepatitis viruses most commonly seen in the United States. Hepatitis A prevention Get vaccinated. People with certain ...

  9. Viral Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Liver Complications Liver Complications Home Cirrhosis Liver Cancer Liver Transplant Living with Hepatitis Living with Hepatitis Home Alcohol ... to Liver Basics > Liver Complications Cirrhosis Liver Cancer Liver Transplants Search Hepatitis Search this website Submit Share this ...

  10. Uncommon hepatic tumors: iconographic essay - Part 1*

    PubMed Central

    Pedrassa, Bruno Cheregati; da Rocha, Eduardo Lima; Kierszenbaum, Marcelo Longo; Bormann, Renata Lilian; Torres, Lucas Rios; D'Ippolito, Giuseppe

    2014-01-01

    Most malignant liver tumors are represented by hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma; however a variety of other uncommon hepatic lesions might also be found. Common lesions such as hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia and metastases are well known and have already been extensively documented in the literature. The diagnosis of typical hepatic lesions may be done with some reliability by means of several imaging methods; on the other hand, uncommon lesions normally represent a diagnostic challenge for the radiologist. In this first part of the study, the authors will approach five uncommon liver tumors - angiosarcoma, angiomyolipoma, cystadenoma/biliary carcinoma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, and fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma -, describing their main characteristics and image findings with focus on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. PMID:25741106

  11. Giant Axonal Neuropathy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Diversity Find People About NINDS NINDS Giant Axonal Neuropathy Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump ... done? Clinical Trials Organizations What is Giant Axonal Neuropathy? Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is a rare inherited ...

  12. Cavernous Hemangioma of the Skull and Meningioma: Association or Coincidence?

    PubMed Central

    Kilani, M.; Darmoul, M.; Hammedi, F.; Ben Nsir, A.; Hattab, M. N.

    2015-01-01

    Intraosseous cavernous hemangiomas of the skull are rare. Meningiomas are quite frequently encountered in a neurosurgical practice. The association between these two entities is nevertheless very uncommon. The authors present a case of a 72-year-old woman suffering from headache. The MRI showed a parietal meningioma with adjacent thick bone. The meningioma and the bone were removed. The histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of meningioma and revealed a cavernoma of the skull. The relationship between the lesions suggests more than a coincidental association. Several hypotheses are proposed to explain common causal connections. PMID:25960899

  13. Beta-blockers for the treatment of problematic hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Vishal K; Fraulin, Frankie OG; Dumestre, Danielle O; Walker, Lori; Harrop, A Robertson

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine treatment indications, efficacy and side effects of oral beta-blockers for the treatment of problematic hemangiomas. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with hemangiomas presenting to the Alberta Childrens Hospital Vascular Birthmark Clinic (Calgary, Alberta) between 2009 and 2011 was conducted. The subset of patients treated with oral beta-blockers was further characterized, investigating indication for treatment, response to treatment, time to resolution of indication, duration of treatment, occurrence of rebound growth and side effects of therapy. RESULTS: Between 2009 and 2011, 311 new patients with hemangiomas were seen, of whom 105 were treated with oral beta-blockers. Forty-five patients completed beta-blocker treatment while the remainder continue to receive therapy. Indications for treatment were either functional concerns (68.6%) or disfigurement (31.4%). Functional concerns included ulceration (29.5%), periocular location with potential for visual interference (28.6%), airway interference (4.8%), PHACES syndrome (3.8%), auditory interference (0.95%) and visceral location with congestive heart failure (0.95%). The median age at beta-blocker initiation was 3.3 months; median duration of therapy was 10.6 months; and median maximal treatment dose was 1.5 mg/kg/day for propranolol and 1.6 mg/kg/day for atenolol. Ninety-nine patients (94.3%) responded to therapy with size reduction, colour changes, softened texture and/or healing of ulceration. Rebound growth requiring an additional course of therapy was observed in 23 patients. Side effects from beta-blockers included cool extremities (26.7%), irritability (17.1%), lower gastrointestinal upset (14.3%), emesis (11.4%), hypotension (10.5%), poor feeding (7.6%), lethargy (4.8%), bronchospasm (0.95%) and rash (0.95%). Side effects did not result in complete discontinuation of beta-blocker treatment in any case; however, they prompted a switch to a different beta-blocker preparation in some cases. Resolution of the primary indication, requiring a median time of three months, occurred in 87 individuals (82.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of infantile hemangiomas with oral beta-blocker therapy is highly effective and well tolerated, with more than 94% of patients demonstrating a response to treatment and 90% showing resolution of the primary functional indication for treatment. PMID:24431932

  14. Hemangioma of the umbilical cord: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Caldarella, Adele; Buccoliero, Anna Maria; Taddei, Antonio; Savino, Luciano; Taddei, Gian Luigi

    2003-01-01

    A 31-year-old woman with a large placental tumor underwent a caesarean section. After delivery, the lesion, detected by ultrasound examination, was found to originate from the umbilical cord. A live female infant with cyanosis, hypotonia and diffuse edema was delivered. A review of the literature, which revealed 31 cases of umbilical cord hemangioma, showed that this tumor has a polymorphous presentation. Some fetuses and infants died from various causes, indicating that a close follow-up is necessary in these pregnancies PMID:12650519

  15. [Imaging features of cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit].

    PubMed

    Dallaudiere, B; Benayoun, Y; Boncoeur-Martel, Mp; Robert, Py; Adenis, Jp; Maubon, A

    2009-09-01

    Cavernous hemangioma is the most frequent benign tumor of the orbit. The clinical presentation is that of a slowly progressive intra-orbital mass with variable degree of exophthalmos. CT typically demonstrates the presence of a well defined oval or rounded shaped mass but MRI provides superior evaluation of the orbit. The tumor is intra-conal in 80% of cases and usually shows T1W hypo-isointensity, T2W hyperintensity and heterogeneous contrast enhancement that becomes more homogeneous on delayed imaging (5 minutes). PMID:19752807

  16. Aggressive vertebral hemangioma as a rare cause of myelopathy.

    PubMed

    Sari, Hidayet; Uludag, Murat; Akarirmak, Ulku; Ornek, Nurettin Irem; Gun, Kerem; Gulsen, Fatih

    2014-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) are common lesions in the adult population. They are usually asymptomatic and found incidentally on radiological imaging. New-onset back pain followed by subacute progression of thoracal myelopathy is the most common presentation in patients with neurological deficit. Differential diagnoses would include metastasis, multiple myeloma, lymphoma, Paget disease, osseous tumors such as Ewing sarcoma or hemangioblastoma and blood dyscrasia. We present a 41 year-old-male patient with thoracal VH causing myelopathy that completely improved after rehabilitation program with embolization and vertebroplasty procedures. PMID:23948851

  17. Large Genital Cavernous Hemangioma: A Rare Surgically Correctable Entity

    PubMed Central

    Gangkak, Goto; Mishra, Anoop; Priyadarshi, Shivam; Tomar, Vinay

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of 24-year-old male presenting with painless penoscrotal swelling for 3 years. On examination, a large soft bag of worm-like, superficial, nonpulsatile swelling was present in scrotum and penis. Color Doppler showed dilated tortuous vessels and on angiography no connections to corpora or vessels were seen. So a diagnosis of hemangioma was made and a surgical excision was carried out by circumcoronal and scrotal incisions. Postop course was uneventful. At 6 months of follow-up, no recurrence was seen and wound had healed with excellent cosmetic appearance. PMID:26693380

  18. [Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) that simulates a minimal cleft lip].

    PubMed

    Berenguer, B; Gonzlez Meli, B; Marn Molina, C; de Toms Palacios, E

    2010-04-01

    Hemangiomas are frequent tumors that manifest in variable forms. Rapidly Involuting Congenital Hemangiomas (RICH) are a rare subtype, only recently described, which, in contrast to the typical infantile hemangioma, undergo accelerated involution, sometimes within days. Their different initial appearance and posterior evolution may cause confusion with other tumors of infancy or even with congenital malformations. We present a case of RICH in the upper lip that after rapid involution produced a morphologic sequel that resembled a microform cleft lip. The authors review the specific characteristics of this rare tumor and describe the technical detail of surgical correction in this patient. PMID:21298927

  19. Hemangioma of the Maxillary Sinus Presenting as a Mass: CT and MR Features

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Won Sang; Yoo, Chang Young; Park, Yong-Jin; Ihn, Yon Kwon

    2015-01-01

    Hemangiomas of the sinonasal tract are rare, and because these lesions lack the typical signs or symptoms, they can be confused with other malignant conditions. We report a case of cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus in a 68-year-old man that was completely resected by endoscopic sinus surgery. Although computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed several enhancing areas within the tumor, the substantial bone erosion and remodeling made it difficult to differentiate this cavernous hemangioma from other expansile maxillary sinus lesions. We present the CT and MR findings of this lesion and discuss the differential diagnoses and potential therapeutic approaches. PMID:25901262

  20. [Gastric cavernous hemangioma as a cause of upper digestive hemorrhage].

    PubMed

    Medina, V; Alarc, A; Martn, A; De las Casas, P; Daz, F; Mrquez, M; Bravo, A; Meneses, M; Afonso, J; Gonzlez, F

    1995-04-01

    Upper digestive bleeding caused by an isolated gastric hemangioma is a rather rare occurrence, even in cases of Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome. The case reported here, which brings to 40 the number reported in the world literature, is that of a 68-year-old patient who presented with upper digestive bleeding. Endoscopy led us to suspect a hemangioma due to the abnormally large lesion, a suspicion that was confirmed preoperatively through arteriography, which detected a hypervascular mass of 6 x 4 cm dependent on the gastroduodenal artery. This finding was in turn confirmed by the surgical intervention. Diagnostic difficulties based on barium studies, endoscopy and surgical exploration have meant that preoperative diagnosis has been rare in the cases published to date. We consider that a more liberal use of arteriography could reverse this tendency, as indeed our case has shown. Furthermore, we feel that arteriography is indicated in cases of upper digestive bleeding of obscure origin, which might be due to small angiomas that may be overlooked in other diagnostic tests. PMID:7794641

  1. Cavernous hemangioma in the thymus: a case report.

    PubMed

    Ose, Naoko; Kobori, Yuko; Takeuchi, Yukiyasu; Susaki, Yoshiyuki; Taniguchi, Seiji; Maeda, Hajime

    2016-12-01

    Cavernous hemangioma is not a neoplasm, but rather a congenital venous malformation with the potential to develop in all parts of the body, though it is very rarely seen in the thymus. We report a case of cavernous hemangioma in the thymus partially resected. A 71-year-old woman presented with pericardial discomfort, and chest computed tomography (CT) showed a left lateral mediastinal mass which was 2.0 × 1.2 × 1.8 cm in size, with border regularity and without calcification. Its interior was partially enhanced. Three-dimensional chest computed tomography image showed a tortuous vessel connecting to the tumor. Surgical resection was performed for the purpose of providing a definitive diagnosis and treatment because a mediastinal tumor such as thymoma or teratoma was suspected. Partial resection of the thymus including the mass was done by utilizing a three-port, left-sided video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) approach with hoisting of the third rib with the patient in a spinal position. A wine-colored mass bulging from the surface of the left lobe of the thymus was identified along with the communicating vessel which could only be cut with an energy device. It is considered that thymic partial resection using VATS is a better option for small and non-infiltrative lesions. PMID:26943686

  2. Diode laser photocoagulation in PHACES syndrome hemangiomas: a case series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Romeo, U.; Russo, N.; Polimeni, A.; Favia, G.; Lacaita, M. G.; Limongelli, L.; Franco, S.

    2014-01-01

    PHACES syndrome is a pediatric syndrome with cutaneous and extra-cutaneous manifestations, such as Posterior fossa defects, Hemangiomas, Arterial lesions, Cardiac abnormalities/aortic coarctation, Eye abnormalities and Sternal cleft. Facial hemangiomas affect the 75% of patients and may arise on the oral mucosa or perioral cutaneous regions. In this study we treated 26 Intraoral Haemangiomas (IH) and 15 Perioral Haemangiomas (PH) with diode laser photocoagulation using a laser of 800+/-10nm of wavelength. For IH treatment an optical fiber of 320 ?m was used, and the laser power was set ted at 4 W (t-on 200 ms / t-off 400ms; fluence: 995 J/cm2). For PH treatment an optical fiber of 400 ?m at the power of 5 W was used (t-on 100 ms / t-off 300 ms; fluence: 398 J/cm2). IH healed after one session (31%), the other (69%) after two sessions of Laser therapy. In each session, only a limited area of the PH was treated, obtaining a progressive improvement of the lesion. Diode laser photocoagulation is an effective option of treatment for IH and PH in patients affected by PHACE because of its minimal invasiveness. Moreover laser photocoagulation doesn't have side effects and can be performed repeatedly without cumulative toxicity. Nevertheless, more studies are required to evaluate the effectiveness of the therapy in mid and long time period.

  3. A giant ganglion cyst of hip joint causing lower limb edema.

    PubMed

    Gong, Weihua; Ge, Fangmin; Chen, Li

    2010-05-01

    Lower limb edema caused by a giant ganglion cyst of hip joint, rather than deep venous insufficiency or lymphedema, is unusual particularly for guiding clinical practice. In this study, we present a rare case of a 76-year-old man with a 3-month history of progressive swelling of right lower extremity and 2-month history of a known inguinal mass, which was initially thought as hemangioma by using ultrasound. But, subsequent computed tomography examination and exploration surgery revealed a giant ganglion cyst compressing the right femoral vein. Resection of the cyst led to complete resolution of symptoms postoperatively. To the best of our knowledge this is a very rare case of giant ganglion cyst of hip joint origin causing lower limb edema in the literature. PMID:20464050

  4. Visualization of cutaneous hemangioma with Tc-99m tagged red blood cells

    SciTech Connect

    Gordon, L.; Vujic, I.; Spicer, K.M.

    1981-10-01

    Scintigraphy with Tc-99m labeled red blood cells (RBCs) was used to evaluate a patient with a large cutaneous hemangioma. The usefulness of this procedure when combined with arteriography is discussed.

  5. Development of hemangioma in a tongue harboring long-standing angiokeratoma circumscriptum.

    PubMed

    Madana, J; Yolmo, Deeke; Gopalakrishnan, S; Saxena, Sunil Kumar

    2012-11-01

    Angiokeratoma is a very rare vascular lesion of the papillary dermis. It is characterized by vascular ectasia with overlying epidermal hyperkeratosis. The systemic form of angiokeratoma is associated with Fabry disease and fucosidosis. There are several localized forms. Tongue involvement is uncommon. Hemangiomas are tumors made up of capillaries; they grow by active endothelial proliferation as opposed to expansion of vascular spaces in vascular malformations. Lingual hemangiomas are usually indolent, but they can cause cosmetic deformities, recurrent hemorrhage, and functional problems with speaking, mastication, and deglutition. We report a case of angiokeratoma of the tongue with an underlying hemangioma in a 30-year-old woman. Angiokeratomas have been reported to develop over arteriovenous malformations and in the area of lymphangioma circumscriptum following repeated local trauma. To the best of our knowledge, the development of a lingual hemangioma in a patient with long-standing angiokeratomatous lesions has not been previously reported in the literature. PMID:23288806

  6. A hemangioma of the sigmoid colon mesentery presenting as a retroperitonealtumor: a case report and review

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Hemangiomas of the gastrointestinal tract and mesentery are uncommon benign vascular lesions. While spontaneous bleeding is the hallmark of the gastrointestinal tumor variant, clinical signs of mesenteric hemangiomas are mostly unspecific. Despite the increasing imaging quality of computerized tomography (CT), in most cases the final diagnosis is established through surgery and histopathologic analysis of a macrobiopsy. We present a case report of a 20-year-old female patient who was admitted with progressive abdominal distension and suffered from persistent abdominal pain for 3months. A large retroperitoneal tumor mass was detected on the CT scan. Due to radiographic signs of an intraabdominal liposarcoma, an explorative laparotomy was performed revealing a large hemangioma originating from the mesosigmoid. Although rare, gastrointestinal hemangiomas should be kept in mind by oncological visceral surgeons as one differential diagnosis of large intraabdominal tumorous masses, especially in young adults. PMID:24684941

  7. Lumbar vertebral hemangioma mimicking lateral spinal canal stenosis: case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Syrimpeis, Vasileios; Vitsas, Vasileios; Korovessis, Panagiotis

    2014-03-01

    Context Hemangiomas are the commonest benign tumors of the spine. Most occur in the thoracolumbar spine and the majority are asymptomatic. Rarely, hemangiomas cause symptoms through epidural expansion of the involved vertebra, resulting in spinal canal stenosis, spontaneous epidural hemorrhage, and pathological burst fracture. Findings We report a rare case of a 73-year-old woman, who had been treated for two months for degenerative neurogenic claudication. On admission, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomographic scans revealed a hemangioma of the third lumbar vertebra protruding to the epidural space producing lateral spinal stenosis and ipsilateral nerve root compression. The patient underwent successful right hemilaminectomy for decompression of the nerve root, balloon kyphoplasty with poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) and pedicle screw segmental stabilization. Postoperative course was uneventful. Conclusion In the elderly, this rare presentation of spinal stenosis due to hemangiomas may be encountered. Decompression and vertebral augmentation by means balloon kyphoplasty with PMMA plus segmental pedicle screw fixation is recommended. PMID:24090267

  8. Development of pyogenic granuloma and hemangioma after placement of dental implants: A review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Al-Shamiri, Hashem Motahir; Alaizari, Nader Ahmed; Al-Maweri, Sadeq Ali; Tarakji, Bassel

    2015-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study is to highlight the development of pyogenic granuloma and hemangioma after the placement of dental implants. Materials and Methods: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, accessed via the National Library of Medicine PubMed Interface, for articles published between 2000 and 2014 in English, relating to the occurrence of pyogenic granuloma or hemangioma in relation to dental implants. Results: Our search identified only four case reports of pyogenic granuloma and hemangioma related to dental implants as reported in the English literature. Conclusion: Placement of dental implants can cause development of pyogenic granuloma and hemangioma, indicating that placement of dental implants requires well-trained specialists with perfect skills in dental implantology. Furthermore, the critical selection of the appropriate case is of paramount importance to avoid the occurrence of such complications. PMID:25992330

  9. Preoperative diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma presenting with melena using wireless capsule endoscopy of the small intestine

    PubMed Central

    Akazawa, Yu; Hiramatsu, Katsushi; Nosaka, Takuto; Saito, Yasushi; Ozaki, Yoshihiko; Takahashi, Kazuto; Naito, Tatsushi; Ofuji, Kazuya; Matsuda, Hidetaka; Ohtani, Masahiro; Nemoto, Tomoyuki; Suto, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Akio; Imamura, Yoshiaki; Nakamoto, Yasunari

    2016-01-01

    Background and study aims: Primary neoplasms of the small intestine are relatively rare in all age groups, accounting for about 5 % of all gastrointestinal tumors 1. Cavernous hemangiomas of the small intestine are also rare, can cause gastrointestinal bleeding, and are extremely difficult to diagnose preoperatively 2. We present a patient who presented with melena and iron deficiency anemia, for whom wireless capsule endoscopy and single-balloon enteroscopy facilitated the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma. PMID:27004239

  10. Aggressive vertebral hemangioma in the postpartum period: an eye-opener

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Rajendra Singh; Agrawal, Rakesh; Srivastava, Trilochan; Kumar, Sunil; Gupta, Pankaj Kumar; Kookna, Jagdeesh Chandra

    2014-01-01

    Pregnancy is a well-known risk factor for incidental or asymptomatic vertebral hemangiomas becoming aggressive or symptomatic, most often during the third trimester of pregnancy, related to hemodynamic and endocrinal changes occurring during pregnancy. Many patients show spontaneous incomplete remission after delivery. We report a rare case of aggressive vertebral hemangioma in the postpartum period in a 26-year-old woman, who presented with upper backache with progressive spastic paraparesis. PMID:25988053

  11. Hemangioma of a posterior ethmoid sinus: Report of a rare case.

    PubMed

    Goel, Anuj Kumar; Yadav, Samar P S; Goel, Rati

    2010-12-01

    Very few cases of hemangioma of the ethmoid sinuses have been reported in the literature. These lesions can be difficult to diagnose in the paranasal sinuses because obtaining an adequate biopsy specimen can be dangerous in view of the potential for profuse bleeding. We report a case of a cavernous hemangioma in the right posterior ethmoid sinus of a 45-year-old man. The mass was excised in its entirety. PMID:21174267

  12. Successful and safe treatment of hemangioma with oral propranolol in a single institution

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Sun Hee; Park, Dong Hyuk; Shim, Jae Won; Kim, Deok Soo; Shim, Jung Yeon; Park, Moon Soo; Koo, Hong Hoe

    2012-01-01

    Purpose Dramatic improvement of hemangioma to propranolol has been recently reported; however, details on dose and duration of treatment, potential risks, and monitoring have not been determined. The objective of this study is to describe and analyze the use of propranolol as a first-line treatment or as a single therapy in management of complicated hemangioma. Methods A retrospective chart review of eight patients diagnosed with hemangioma and treated with propranolol in Kangbuk Samsung Hospital from February 2010 to April 2011 was performed. Results Eight patients with hemangioma with functional impairment, cosmetic disfigurement, or rapid growth were treated with propranolol. Five patients had solitary facial hemangioma. The mean age of symptoms at onset was 5 weeks. The median age for starting propranolol treatment was 5.5 months. Propranolol at 2 mg/kg/day was finally administered in divided doses with a gradual increase. Significant regression was observed in seven patients, and shrinkage in size, softening in consistency, and decrease in redness were evident within 4 weeks. Among them, six patients were still taking propranolol, and one patient had stopped after 12 months. Other one patient did not show significant improvement with satisfactory result after 3 months of propranolol use. Treatment with propranolol was well tolerated and had few side effects. No rebound growth was observed in any of the patients. Conclusion We observed that use of propranolol was very effective in treatment of hemangioma without obvious adverse effects or relapse. PMID:22670151

  13. Coexistence of cavernous hemangioma and other vascular malformations of the orbit. A report of three cases.

    PubMed

    Strianese, Diego; Napoli, Manuela; Russo, Carmela; D'Errico, Arianna; Scotti, Nadia; Puoti, Gianfranco; Bonavolont, Giulio; Tranfa, Fausto; Briganti, Francesco

    2014-04-01

    Coexistence of orbital cavernous hemangioma and other vascular malformations is unusual and few cases have been reported. We describe the clinical and radiological features of three cases of orbital cavernous hemangiomas associated with other vascular malformations, selected reviewing a series of 181 cases of cavernous hemangiomas. All patients were males (age ranging from 43 to 67 years) without vascular systemic disorders and/or a clinical syndrome. They experienced slow progressive exophthalmos. One of them developed acute pulsatile proptosis (case 2), while another experienced slow progressive diplopia (case 3). In one case vascular lesions were bilateral (case 3) and in two patients two different lesions coexisted in the same orbit (cases 1 and 2). All patients underwent surgical excision, which was partial in two cases. Two patients had cavernous hemangiomas in association with a venous malformation (a varix in case 1 and a lymphangioma in case 2), while in the other ones (case 3) cavernous hemangioma was associated with a low-flow arteriovenous malformation. No patient denied visual impairment postoperatively. Few cases of orbital cavernous hemangiomas coexisting with other vascular malformations have been reported in the literature. This entity seems to be an association of different variants of orbital vascular malformations, presenting with a wide spectrum of clinical forms and probably with the same pathogenesis. PMID:24750713

  14. Preliminary Report On Combined Surgical- And Laser-Treatment Of Large Hemangiomas And Tattoos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ginsbach, G.

    1981-05-01

    As most hemangiomas and tattoos require many sessions to be cured completely by argon-laser or conventional therapy I developed a new combined surgical and laser-therapy method for large hemangiomas and tattoos. This is a three step method. First: The skin lesion is treated by argon-laser with the point by point method, developed by ourself. Second: Under local or general anaesthesia a) the hemangioma is partially excised and undermined letting only the skin which is already treated by argon-laser-beams. Than the hemangioma is exstirpated in toto, the wound closed by running intradermal sutures and a pressure bandage applied, b) the tattoo is abraded as deep as possible, draped by lyofoam. Then a pressure bandage is applied. Third: The hemangioma as well as the tattoo are treated by argon-laser-beams after the operation. This method is safe and effective, gives good results, minimal scars in the case of hemangiomas and tattoos. In this paper the method is described and some cases are illustrated by pre- and postoperational photographs.

  15. Transcervical excision of intramasseteric cavernous hemangioma: A case report

    PubMed Central

    CHENG, YU-TING; LAI, CHIEN-CHUNG

    2016-01-01

    Intramuscular hemangiomas (IMHs) of the masseter muscle are extremely rare in the head and neck region and, thus, are often misdiagnosed as parotid tumors prior to surgery. Excisional resection remains the standard treatment for IMH. Since these tumors are located on the proximal side of the facial nerve, it is important to preserve the facial nerve during surgery. This study reports the case of a 57-year-old male who presented with a progressive tender swelling on the right side of the face, which had been present for >6 months. Computed tomography of the neck revealed a heterogeneous highly-vascularized mass located in the superficial layer of the masseter muscle. The patient subsequently underwent surgical resection via a collar incision, and pathological examination revealed a cavernous IMH. During the one-year follow-up period, the patient exhibited a good prognosis, and one-year magnetic resonance imaging revealed no local recurrence. PMID:26998058

  16. Anastomosing hemangioma: The first case report in the bladder

    PubMed Central

    JIN, LU; LIU, JIAJU; LI, YIFAN; SUN, SHUOLEI; MAO, XIANGMING; YANG, SHANGQI; LAI, YONGQING

    2016-01-01

    A rare neoplasm, termed anastomosing hemangioma (AH), has been previously described in the genitourinary tract. To date, 29 cases of AH have been reported in the literature, and the case reported in the present study is, to the best of our knowledge, the first AH described in the urinary bladder. It is essential to distinguish AH from malignant vascular tumors due to the different treatments required and the prognosis. The patient in this case study was asymptomatic, with a neoplasm of ~1 cm within the right wall of the bladder. Pathologically, the lesion was predominantly composed of a structure comprising a small vascular cavity and irregularly fenestrated anastomosing vascular channels, with no clear atypia of the endothelial cells.

  17. Ectopic spleen and liver hemangioma mimicking metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor

    PubMed Central

    Engler, Christine C.; Lemke, Johannes; Kornmann, Marko; Barth, Thomas F.; Schmidt, Stefan A.; Henne-Bruns, Doris

    2015-01-01

    Pancreatic tumors comprise benign lesion and malignant lesion, most importantly pancreatic adenocarcinoma, acinar cell carcinoma, neuroendocrine carcinoma or metastasis. Surgical resection provides the only chance for cure for malignant pancreatic tumors. In some cases, surgical resection is performed because a malignant lesion is suspected, however, histopathological examinations eventually reveal a benign lesion. Here, we report the case of a 49-year-old woman, who was initially diagnosed with a neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas with metastasis to the liver. The patient underwent distal pancreatectomy and atypical liver resection. Surprisingly, however, histopathological examination revealed an intrapancreatic accessory spleen (IPAS) of the pancreatic tail as well as liver hemangioma. This unique case report highlights the impact of extensive preoperative examinations to differentiate benign and malignant pancreatic lesions and, possibly, prevent patients from unnecessary surgery. PMID:26670205

  18. Propranolol Targets Contractility of Infantile Hemangioma-derived Pericytes

    PubMed Central

    Lee, D.; Boscolo, E.; Durham, J.T.; Mulliken, J.B.; Herman, I.M.; Bischoff, J.

    2014-01-01

    Propranolol, a ?-adrenergic receptor (AR) antagonist, was discovered serendipitously to be an effective treatment for endangering infantile hemangioma (IH). Dramatic fading of cutaneous color is often seen a short time after initiating propranolol therapy, with accelerated regression of IH blood vessels discerned after weeks to months. Here we focus on hemangioma-derived pericytes (HemPericytes) isolated from proliferating and involuting phase tumors to assess a possible role for these cells in the apparent propranolol-induced vasoconstriction. HemPericytes express high levels of ?2 AR mRNA, compared to positive control bladder smooth muscle cells. In addition, ?2 AR mRNA levels were relatively high in IH specimens (n=15) compared to ?1 AR, ?3 AR and ?1bAR. HemPericytes were assayed for contractility on a deformable silicone substrate: propranolol (10?M) restored basal contractile levels in HemPericytes that were relaxed with the AR agonist epinephrine. siRNA knockdown ?2 AR blunted this response. Normal human retinal and placental pericytes were not affected by epinephrine or propranolol in this assay. Propranolol (10?M) inhibited proliferation of HemPericytes in vitro, as well as normal pericytes, indicating a non-selective effect in this assay. HemPericytes and HemEC were co-implanted subcutaneously in nude mice to form blood vessels, and at day 7 after injection, mice were randomized into vehicle and propranolol treated groups. Contrast-enhanced micro-ultrasonography of the implants after 7 days of treatment showed significantly decreased vascular volume in propranolol-treated animals, but no reduction in vehicle-treated animals. These findings suggest that the mechanism of propranolol's effect on proliferating IH involves increased pericytic contractility. PMID:24720697

  19. A Retrospective Study to Classify Surgical Indications for Infantile Hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Andrew HY.; Hardy, Krista L.; Goltsman, David; Liou, Peter; Garzon, Maria C.; Rohde, Christine H.; Wu, June K.

    2014-01-01

    Summary Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) spontaneously involute, but some leave contour deformities necessitating surgical correction. There is a paucity of data reviewing predictive risk factors associated with a need for surgery to guide clinicians when counseling parents. Patients undergoing IH resection by a single surgeon from August 2004 to August 2011 were reviewed to determine patient (age, gender, birth history) and IH characteristics (size, location) associated with surgical intervention. Data were compared to published data from the Hemangioma Investigator Group (HIG). Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t-test, odds ratio, and logistic regression analysis. Out of 196 referred patients, 112 underwent surgery. There was a female preponderance (3.5:1). Two-thirds of patients (64.9%) first presented to the surgeon at <2 years of age, but most underwent surgery between 2-3 years (52.7%; average lag time, 11 months). 18 patients underwent surgery at <1 year of age. IH patients with preterm birth history had increased risk for needing surgical intervention (odds ratio 2.124, CI 1.31-3.44; p<0.0012). A majority (84.7%) of resected IHs were located on the head or neck, significantly higher than the distribution from the HIG data (62.2%; p<0.0001). Resected head and neck IHs were smaller than those below the neck (average, 8.85cm2 vs. 22.35 cm2, p=0.017). Preterm birth is associated with higher risk for requiring surgical intervention. IHs on the head and neck are more likely to be removed when compared to those below the neck, and at a smaller size threshold. PMID:24923525

  20. Propranolol treatment of infantile hemangioma endothelial cells: A molecular analysis

    PubMed Central

    STILES, JESSICA; AMAYA, CLARISSA; PHAM, ROBERT; ROWNTREE, REBECCA K.; LACAZE, MARY; MULNE, ARLYNN; BISCHOFF, JOYCE; KOKTA, VICTOR; BOUCHERON, LAURA E.; MITCHELL, DIANNE C.; BRYAN, BRAD A.

    2012-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are non-malignant, largely cutaneous vascular tumors affecting approximately 5–10% of children to varying degrees. During the first year of life, these tumors are strongly proliferative, reaching an average size ranging from 2 to 20 cm. These lesions subsequently stabilize, undergo a spontaneous slow involution and are fully regressed by 5 to 10 years of age. Systemic treatment of infants with the non-selective β-adrenergic receptor blocker, propranolol, has demonstrated remarkable efficacy in reducing the size and appearance of IHs. However, the mechanism by which this occurs is largely unknown. In this study, we sought to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the effectiveness of β blocker treatment in IHs. Our data reveal that propranolol treatment of IH endothelial cells, as well as a panel of normal primary endothelial cells, blocks endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and formation of the actin cytoskeleton coincident with alterations in vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2), p38 and cofilin signaling. Moreover, propranolol induces major alterations in the protein levels of key cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, and modulates global gene expression patterns with a particular affect on genes involved in lipid/sterol metabolism, cell cycle regulation, angiogenesis and ubiquitination. Interestingly, the effects of propranolol were endothelial cell-type independent, affecting the properties of IH endothelial cells at similar levels to that observed in neonatal dermal microvascular and coronary artery endothelial cells. This data suggests that while propranolol markedly inhibits hemangioma and normal endothelial cell function, its lack of endothelial cell specificity hints that the efficacy of this drug in the treatment of IHs may be more complex than simply blockage of endothelial function as previously believed. PMID:23170111

  1. Personal experience with 411 hepatic resections.

    PubMed Central

    Iwatsuki, S; Starzl, T E

    1988-01-01

    Over a 24-year period, 411 partial hepatic resections were performed: 142 right or left trisegmentectomies, 158 lobectomies, 25 segmentectomies, and 86 local excisions. The operations were performed for benign lesions in 182 patients, for primary hepatic malignancies in 106, and for hepatic metastases in 123, including 90 from colorectal cancers. The 30-day (operative) mortality rate was 3.2%, and there were an additional six late deaths (1.5%) due to hepatic failure caused by the resection. The highest operative mortality rate (6.3%) resulted from the trisegmentectomies, but this merely reflected the extent of the disease being treated. A mortality rate of 8.5% for patients with primary hepatic malignancy was associated not only with the extensiveness of lesions, but also with cirrhosis in the remaining liver fragment. There was no mortality for 123 patients with metastatic disease, 100 patients with cavernous hemangioma, 22 with liver cell adenoma, 17 with focal nodular hyperplasia, 16 with congenital cystic disease, and five with hydatid cysts. Trauma, pre-existing iatrogenic injury, and cirrhosis were the only conditions that had lethal portent in patients with benign disease. Furthermore, patients with benign disease who survived operation had minimal liability from recurrence of their original disease and none from the resection per se. By contrast, tumor recurrence dominated the actuarial survival rates for cancer patients, which at 1 and 5 years were 68.5% and 31.9%, respectively, after resection for primary hepatic malignancy, and 84.2% and 29.5%, respectively, for hepatic metastases. In this report, the expanding role of partial hepatectomy in the treatment of liver disease was emphasized, as well as the need for considering, in some cases, the alternative of total hepatectomy and liver replacement. Images Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 4. Fig. 5. Fig. 9. PMID:3178330

  2. Major hepatic resection. A 25-year experience.

    PubMed Central

    Thompson, H H; Tompkins, R K; Longmire, W P

    1983-01-01

    Major hepatic resections were performed on 138 patients for a variety of conditions. There was one intraoperative death. Including this patient, there were 15 deaths within 30 days of the operation (operative mortality 10.9%). Important postoperative complications were intra-abdominal sepsis (17%), biliary leak (11%), hepatic failure (8%), and hemorrhage (6%). The results of 30 resections for the benign lesions, liver cell adenoma, focal nodular hyperplasia, hemangioma, and cystadenoma showed no operative mortality and low morbidity. Of 26 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, seven died within a month of operation. The cumulative survival of the 26 at five years was 38%, and of the 19 who survived the procedure, 51%. Poor survival followed resections for cholangiocarcinoma and "mixed tumors." The five-year cumulative survival of 22 patients who had colorectal metastases excised was 31%. Apart from a patient with carcinoid, prolonged survival was rare after resection of other secondaries and after en bloc resections for tumors directly invading the liver. Hepatic resection was of value in the management of some patients with hepatic trauma, Caroli's disease, liver cysts, and intrahepatic stones. PMID:6299217

  3. Hepatitis C

    MedlinePLUS

    ... kidney dialysis Have regular contact with blood at work (such as a health care worker) Have unprotected sexual contact with a person who has hepatitis C Were born to a mother who had hepatitis C Received a tattoo or ...

  4. Hepatitis A

    MedlinePLUS

    ... an inflammation of the liver. One type, hepatitis A, is caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The disease spreads through contact with ... washed in untreated water Putting into your mouth a finger or object that came into contact with ...

  5. Hepatic ischemia

    MedlinePLUS

    Hepatic ischemia is a condition in which the liver does not get enough blood or oxygen, causing injury to ... pressure from any condition can lead to hepatic ischemia. Such conditions may include: Abnormal heart rhythms Dehydration ...

  6. Hepatitis C

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 2014 Select a Language: Fact Sheet 507 Hepatitis C WHAT IS HEPATITIS C? HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED? ... treatment may be less likely to work. Hep C treatment is less effective for coinfected people. Cure ...

  7. Hepatic Cysts.

    PubMed

    Kaul; Friedenberg; Rothstein

    2000-12-01

    Treatment of hepatic cysts should be considered only for those patients who are symptomatic. For simple cysts, percutaneous aspiration invariably leads to recurrence; laparoscopic deroofing is usually curative. Open deroofing (fenestration) should be reserved for cysts inaccessible by laparoscopy. Percutaneous instillation of sclerosing agents (ethanol, iophendylate, minocycline) into nonbiliary and nonparasitic cysts is an alternative therapeutic option in certain cases. Due to increased morbidity, hepatic resection should be reserved for polycystic liver disease, diffuse hepatic involvement, or recurrence after a deroofing procedure. Patients with congenital fibropolycystic disorders (eg, congenital hepatic fibrosis) with evidence of hepatic decompensation, should be considered for liver transplantation. For hepatic hydatid cysts, simple cystectomy or the PAIR (puncture, aspirate, inject, and reaspirate) technique with albendazole treatment have been shown to be equally successful. In the case of alveolar echinococcosis, hepatic resection and liver transplantation are the only effective modalities for localized and extensive hepatic disease, respectively. PMID:11096603

  8. Autoimmune hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    Lupoid hepatitis; Chronic acute liver disease ... This form of hepatitis is an autoimmune disease . The body's immune system cannot tell the difference between healthy body tissue and harmful, outside ...

  9. Hepatitis E

    MedlinePLUS

    ... non-enveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus. The hepatitis E virus is transmitted mainly ... RT-PCR) to detect the hepatitis E virus RNA in blood and/or stool, but this assay ...

  10. Hepatitis C and Incarceration

    MedlinePLUS

    HEPATITIS C & INCARCERATION What is hepatitis? “Hepatitis” means inflammation or swelling of the liver. The liver is an important ... viral hepatitis: Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. They are all different from each other and ...

  11. Hepatitis C

    MedlinePLUS

    ... an inflammation of the liver. One type, hepatitis C, is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It usually spreads through contact with ... childbirth. Most people who are infected with hepatitis C don't have any symptoms for years. If ...

  12. Autoimmune Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... online catalog. Additional Links ​ Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Liver Biopsy Liver Transplantation Contact Us Health Information ... before the surgery. The patient stays in the hospital about 1 to 2 weeks to ... for bleeding, infections, and signs of liver rejection. The patient will ...

  13. Cavernous Hemangioma-Like Kaposi Sarcoma: Histomorphologic Features and Differential Diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Onak Kandemir, Nilfer; Barut, Figen; Do?an Gn, Banu; Solak Tekin, Nilgn; Halla Keser, Sevin; O?uz zdamar, ?kr

    2013-01-01

    Aim. Cavernous hemangioma-like Kaposi sarcoma is a rare morphologic type of Kaposi sarcoma. So far there are no cases in the literature defining the histological features of this morphologic spectrum in detail. In this study we presented two classical-type cutaneous Kaposi sarcoma cases with histologic findings resembling cavernous hemangioma in company with clinical and histopathological data. Cases. One hundred and eighty-five classical-type cutaneous Kaposi sarcoma lesions in 79 patients were assessed retrospectively in terms of histopathological features. Findings of two cases showing features of cavernous hemangioma-like Kaposi sarcoma whose clinical data could be accessed were presented in accompany with the literature data. Both cases were detected to have bluish-purple, protruded, irregularly bordered cutaneous lesions. Histopathological examination revealed a lesion formed by cavernous hemangioma-like vascular structures organized in a lobular pattern that became dilated and filled with blood. Typical histological findings of early-stage KS, consisting of mononuclear inflammation, extravasated erythrocytes, and a few immature vascular structures in superficial dermis, were observed. All cases were serologically HIV-1 negative. A positive reaction with HHV-8, CD31, CD34, and D2-40 monoclonal antibodies was identified at both cavernous hemangioma-like areas and in immature vascular structures. Results. Cavernous hemangioma-like Kaposi sarcoma is a rare Kaposi sarcoma variant presenting with diagnostic challenges, that may be confused with hemangioma. As characteristic morphological features may not be observed in every case, it is important for diagnostic purposes to show immunohistochemical HHV-8 positivity in this variant. PMID:24187557

  14. Transforming giants.

    PubMed

    Kanter, Rosabeth Moss

    2008-01-01

    Large corporations have long been seen as lumbering, inflexible, bureaucratic--and clueless about global developments. But recently some multinationals seem to be transforming themselves: They're engaging employees, moving quickly, and introducing innovations that show true connection with the world. Harvard Business School's Kanter ventured with a research team inside a dozen global giants--including IBM, Procter & Gamble, Omron, CEMEX, Cisco, and Banco Real--to discover what has been driving the change. After conducting more than 350 interviews on five continents, she and her colleagues came away with a strong sense that we are witnessing the dawn of a new model of corporate power: The coordination of actions and decisions on the front lines now appears to stem from widely shared values and a sturdy platform of common processes and technology, not from top-down decrees. In particular, the values that engage the passions of far-flung workforces stress openness, inclusion, and making the world a better place. Through this shift in what might be called their guidance systems, the companies have become as creative and nimble as much smaller ones, even while taking on social and environmental challenges of a scale that only large enterprises could attempt. IBM, for instance, has created a nonprofit partnership, World Community Grid, through which any organization or individual can donate unused computing power to research projects and see what is being done with the donation in real time. IBM has gained an inspiring showcase for its new technology, helped business partners connect with the company in a positive way, and offered individuals all over the globe the chance to contribute to something big. PMID:18271317

  15. Giant Cell Arteritis

    MedlinePLUS

    Giant cell arteritis is a disorder that causes inflammation of your arteries, usually in the scalp, neck, and arms. ... arteries, which keeps blood from flowing well. Giant cell arteritis often occurs with another disorder called polymyalgia ...

  16. Fatal giant pediatric intracranial cavernous angioma.

    PubMed

    Corapio?lu, Funda; Akansel, Gr; Gnll, Erdem; Yildiz, Kr?at; Etu?, Volkan

    2006-01-01

    Cavernous angioma is a benign vascular lesion that may occur in the central nervous system. The symptoms of raised intracranial pressure or consciousness alteration are usually related to acute hemorrhage. A previously healthy four-year-old girl was admitted with sudden loss of consciousness, vomiting and clonic seizures. Her Glasgow coma score (GCS) was 7 at presentation (5 m 1v 1e). Anisocoria and mydriasis were present on the right. Computerized tomography revealed a giant spherical, hyperdense intraaxial left frontoparietal lesion. The findings of surrounding vasogenic edema and compression of the adjacent lateral ventricle were seen on computerized tomography (CT). She was taken to operation and the mass was grossly excised. The GCS remained unchanged. A diagnosis of brain death was made. A cavernous hemangioma was diagnosed with pathologic examination. In conclusion, a cavernous angioma may occasionally follow a rapid and fatal course by causing gross hemorrhage in the pediatric age group. Early recognition by CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and prompt surgical evacuation are necessary. PMID:16562795

  17. Giant impacts on giant planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Pater, Imke

    2014-10-01

    The 2009 impact and recent superbolides on Jupiter caught the world by surprise and cast doubt on impactor flux estimates for the outer solar system. Enhanced amateur planetary imaging techniques yield both high spatial resolution (enabling the 2009 impact debris field detection) and rapid frame rates (enabling the 2010/2012 impact flash detections and lightcurve measurements).We propose a ToO program to image future impacts on Jupiter and Saturn. To remove the possibility of impact cloud non-detections, the program will be triggered only if an existing impact debris field is seen, an object on a collision course with Jupiter or Saturn is discovered, or an impact light curve is measured with an estimated total energy large enough to generate an impact cloud in a giant planet atmosphere (10^20 J).HST provides the only way to image these events in the ultraviolet, providing information on aerosol altitudes and on smaller particles that are less visible to ground-based infrared observations. High-resolution imaging with proper timing (not achievable from the ground) is required to measure precisely both the velocity fields of impact sites and the optical spectrum of impact debris. HST observations of past impacts on Jupiter have also served both as cornerstones of science investigations at other wavelengths and as vehicles for effective public outreach.Large outer solar system impacts are governed by the same physics as in the terrestrial events that dominate the impact threat to humans. Studying the behavior of impactors of various sizes and compositions, as they enter the atmosphere at varying angles and speeds, will better quantify terrestrial impact hazards.

  18. Giant impacts on giant planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Pater, Imke

    2013-10-01

    The 2009 impact and recent superbolides on Jupiter caught the world by surprise and cast doubt on impactor flux estimates for the outer solar system. Enhanced amateur planetary imaging techniques yield both high spatial resolution {enabling the 2009 impact debris field detection} and rapid frame rates {enabling the 2010/2012 impact flash detections and lightcurve measurements}.We propose a ToO program to image future impacts on Jupiter and Saturn. To remove the possibility of impact cloud non-detections, the program will be triggered only if an existing impact debris field is seen, an object on a collision course with Jupiter or Saturn is discovered, or an impact light curve is measured with an estimated total energy large enough to generate an impact cloud in a giant planet atmosphere {10^20 J}.HST provides the only way to image these events in the ultraviolet, providing information on aerosol altitudes and on smaller particles that are less visible to ground-based infrared observations. High-resolution imaging with proper timing {not achievable from the ground} is required to measure precisely both the velocity fields of impact sites and the optical spectrum of impact debris. HST observations of past impacts on Jupiter have also served both as cornerstones of science investigations at other wavelengths and as vehicles for effective public outreach.Large outer solar system impacts are governed by the same physics as in the terrestrial events that dominate the impact threat to humans. Studying the behavior of impactors of various sizes and compositions, as they enter the atmosphere at varying angles and speeds, will better quantify terrestrial impact hazards.

  19. Photodynamic therapy suppresses tumor growth in an in vivo model of human hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Choi, Jaehoon; Kim, Woo Jung; Park, Sang Woo; Xu, Lianji; Kim, Sang-Hyon; Min, Hye Sook; Kwon, Geun-Yong; Cho, Chung-Hyun; Kim, Sukwha; Choi, Tae Hyun

    2014-01-01

    The authors investigated the efficacy of photodynamic therapy against infantile hemangioma using a hemangioma animal model. Eighty-three hemangioma specimens from five children were implanted into nude mice. The gross and volume changes of the implants were evaluated for up to 13 weeks. The histological change of the implant was evaluated at 5 weeks after transplantation. Photodynamic therapy was performed between 6 and 10 weeks after transplantation. The photosensitizer uptake of the implant was evaluated at 24 h after photosensitizer administration. The implant response was evaluated at 0, 12, and 24 h after light delivery. The change in ATF3 levels, a transcription factor induced under severe hypoxic conditions, was investigated immediately after treatment. The implant volume increased slowly during the first 4 weeks and then involuted. At 5 weeks after transplantation, plump endothelial cells formed tightly packed sinusoidal channels, and the endothelial cells were positive for CD31 and GLUT1 expression. At 24 h after photosensitizer administration, confocal analysis showed that the photosensitizer was present within CD31-positive cells. The implant volume was significantly decreased in the treated implants compared with the untreated implants (p < 0.0001). At 24 h after light delivery, most cells had collapsed. ATF3 expression increased gradually and then reached a maximum level at 4 h after treatment. Photodynamic therapy was effective in the treatment of infantile hemangioma. Apoptosis, a major mechanism of hemangioma destruction in the early phase, might be caused by ischemic injury as well as direct effects of photodynamic therapy. PMID:23784382

  20. Angiosarcoma Arising in a Patient with a 10-Year-Old Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Nathenson, Michael J.; Molavi, Diana; Aboulafia, Albert

    2014-01-01

    The transformation of a benign hemangioma into a malignant angiosarcoma has been rarely reported, with only 11 cases reported in the literature. There have been no reports of malignant transformation of hemangioma into angiosarcoma in association with epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, to our knowledge. The existence of precursor malignancies in the tumorigenesis of sarcomas is still not clearly defined. We describe the case of a 40-year-old woman with a preceding history of a suspected hemangioma for ten years, who upon resection was found on histology to have evidence of a hemangioma with an associated area of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma as well as areas of overt high grade epithelioid angiosarcoma. These findings raise the possibility of the evolution of hemangioma to epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, and the latter to overt angiosarcoma. The patient was managed as having a high grade sarcoma with wide resection and radiation. She declined systemic adjuvant chemotherapy after a thorough discussion about the risks and benefits of chemotherapy, and she currently remains disease free one year after the surgery. PMID:25692058

  1. Oral Propranolol for the Treatment of Periorbital Infantile Hemangioma: A Preliminary Report from Oman

    PubMed Central

    Harikrishna, Beena; Ganesh, Anuradha; Al-Zuahibi, Sana; Al-Jabri, Samia; Al-Waily, Ahmed; Al-Riyami, Adil; Al-Azri, Faisal; Masoud, Feraz; Al-Mujaini, Abdullah

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To investigate the efficacy and safety of oral propranolol in the management of periorbital infantile hemangioma in four subjects. Materials and Methods: Consecutive patients who presented with periorbital capillary hemangioma with vision-threatening lesions were prospectively enrolled in this study between January 2009 and October 2010. All subjects underwent treatment with 2 mg/kg/day oral propranolol. All subjects underwent ocular, systemic, and radiologic evaluations before treatment and at periodic intervals after starting therapy. Side effects from therapy were also evaluated. Results: Four subjects, between 3 months and 19 months of age, with periorbital hemangioma were enrolled in this study. Two subjects had been previously treated with oral corticosteroids with unsatisfactory response. All subjects had severe ptosis, with the potential for deprivation amblyopia. Three subjects had orbital involvement. After hospital admission, oral propranolol was initiated in all subjects under monitoring by a pediatric cardiologist. Subsequent therapy was performed with periodic out-patient monitoring. All subjects had excellent response to treatment, with regression of periorbital and orbital hemangioma. There were no side effects from therapy. Conclusions: Oral propranolol for periorbital hemangioma was effective in all the four subjects. Oral propranolol may be appropriate for patients who are nonresponsive to intralesional or systemic steroids. In patients with significant orbital involvement and lesions causing vision-threatening complications, oral propranolol can be the primary therapy. PMID:22224018

  2. Trismus Resulting from Infantile Hemangioma of the Parotid: A Rare Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Zarepur, E; Moghimi, M

    2015-01-01

    Vascular abnormalities are characterized by increasing number of vessels. Salivary gland tumors are uncommon and their overall incidence is about 3 per 100000 per year. Salivary gland hemangioma makes up 1 % of all salivary gland tumors. Trismus resulting from parotid hemangioma is so rare. The patient was a 6-month-old boy with a huge lesion in his right parotid who referred to Shahid sadoughi hospital of Yazd, Iran. The lesion appeared at 4 months of age and had rapid growth and was suspected as hemangioma after clinical examination and patient had trismus. The lesion was excised without any complications. Five months after surgery, area of the lesion appeared normal. Parotid hemangioma has low potential to turn into malignant form but early detection and biopsy are necessary for decreasing complications. Removal of the mass was the best treatment for the patients with large or complicated hemangioma; however, it should be performed with caution because the tissues may bleed profusely. Patients may have long term survival after surgery. PMID:26985358

  3. Multiple cavernous hemangiomas of the skull with dural tail sign: a case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Primary intraosseous cavernous hemangioma is a rare bony tumor. To date, only 9 cases of multiple lesions and 2 cases with a dural tail sign have been reported. Case presentation Here, we present a case of multiple cavernous hemangiomas of the skull with dural tail sign in a 24-year-old man. No abnormalities were observed in the right orbit by craniography, but frontal bone destruction was unintentionally discovered. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated multiple intraosseous lesions that destroyed the surrounding bone and intracranial extension. Total resection of the two lesions and cranioplasty were performed. Histological examination confirmed the lesions as a cavernous hemangioma. Conclusion Cavernous hemangioma is a rare bony tumor that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of skull tumors. Resection of all lesions should be performed on patients with multiple cavernous hemangiomas, and these patients should have regular follow-up examinations. Based on this case, and our literature review, we found that outcomes are usually very good. PMID:24161077

  4. Genomic Imprinting of IGF2 Is Maintained in Infantile Hemangioma despite its High Level of Expression

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Ying; Wylie-Sears, Jill; Boscolo, Elisa; Mulliken, John B; Bischoff, Joyce

    2004-01-01

    Hemangioma, the most common tumor of infancy, is characterized by rapid growth and slow regression. Increased mRNA expression of insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) has been detected in the proliferating phase by cDNA microarray analysis, but the underlying mechanism causing the increase remains unknown. Here, using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry, we show that IGF2 is highly expressed in both proliferating and involuting phase hemangioma, but is not detectable in other vascular lesions such as pyogenic granuloma, venous malformation, lymphatic malformation, or in normal infant skin. Loss of imprinting of the Igf2 gene has been associated with IGF2 overexpression in a variety of childhood tumors. To determine if loss of imprinting and consequent bi-allelic expression might contribute to the increased expression of IGF2, we examined the genomic imprinting status of Igf2 in 48 individual hemangiomas. We determined allele-specific Igf2 expression using reverse transcriptasePCR combined with analysis of an Apa Isensitive restriction fragment length polymorphism. Similar to heterozygous normal skin controls, all 15 informative hemangiomas showed uniform mono-allelic expression of Igf2. Therefore, loss of imprinting is not involved in the increased expression of IGF2 in infantile hemangioma. PMID:15706404

  5. Extensively Myxoid and Hyalinized Sinonasal Capillary Hemangiomas: A Clinicopathologic Study of 16 Cases of a Distinctive and Potentially Confusing Hemangioma Variant.

    PubMed

    Guo, Ruifeng; Folpe, Andrew L

    2015-11-01

    Capillary hemangiomas, the most common vascular tumors of the sinonasal region, are benign endothelial neoplasms, typically growing in an easily recognized lobular pattern. Some sinonasal capillary hemangiomas may show atypical features, such as high cellularity or mitotic activity, and represent more challenging diagnoses. Over the past several years we have seen in consultation a number of examples of sinonasal capillary hemangiomas displaying very striking stromal myxoid change and hyalinization, features that have received scant attention in the past. Available slides from 16 sinonasal capillary hemangiomas previously coded as showing such changes were retrieved from our archives. Submitting diagnoses included "query angiofibroma, rule out malignancy" (N=4), "vascular polyp, rule out malignancy" (N=3), "query malignant vascular tumor" (N=4), "sinonasal hemangiopericytoma" (N=1), and "benign vascular tumor" (N=1). Available radiographic studies often showed worrisome features. Grossly, the tumors ranged from 1.1 to 6.0 cm and appeared as ulcerated, vascular-appearing polyps. Microscopically, the tumors showed striking stromal myxoid change and/or hyalinization, which largely obscured the underlying lobular capillary arrangement. Within this myxohyaline matrix, a florid capillary proliferation was present, frequently with nonatypical mitotic activity. In some instances a branching, "hemangiopericytoma-like" vascular pattern was present in areas. The overall cellularity was low to moderate, and endothelial atypia or hyperchromatism was absent. Ulceration and thrombosis were frequently present. Immunostains to CD31, CD34, and SMA highlighted areas of lobular growth pattern inapparent on the routinely stained slides. Four tested cases were negative for androgen receptors and ?-catenin. Follow-up from 12 patients revealed no local recurrences or metastases. Awareness of that sinonasal capillary hemangioma may show these unusual stromal changes, and the use of ancillary immunohistochemistry to highlight its lobular growth pattern should allow its confident distinction from more aggressive endothelial tumors (eg, angiosarcoma) and from nonendothelial tumors, including nasopharyngeal angiofibroma, solitary fibrous tumor, and sinonasal hemangiopericytoma-like tumor. PMID:26291508

  6. Submucosal Hemangioma of the Trachea in an Infant: Diagnosis and Follow-Up with 3D-CT/Bronchoscopy

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Jungwha; Im, Soo Ah; Kim, Jee Young

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Infantile hemangiomas of the airway are diagnosed at bronchoscopy as part of the investigation of stridor or other respiratory symptoms. Here, we present three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT)/bronchoscopy findings of submucosal subglottic hemangioma missed at bronchoscopy. Case Presentation: We report on the clinical usefulness of 3D-CT/bronchoscopy as the primary diagnostic tool and follow-up method in the evaluation of suspected airway infantile hemangiomas, especially when the hemangioma is the submucosal type. Conclusions: 3D-CT/bronchoscopy will reduce the need for invasive laryngoscopic studies and help to diagnose submucosal hemangiomas undetected on laryngoscope. Additionally, 3D-CT/bronchoscopy will help evaluating the extent of the lesion, degree of airway narrowing, and treatment response. PMID:26848371

  7. Spontaneous hemorrhage from orbital cavernous hemangioma resulting in sudden onset of ophthalmopathy in an adult--case report.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Junkoh; Takahashi, Mayu; Nakano, Yoshiteru; Saito, Takeshi; Kitagawa, Takehiro; Ueta, Kunihiro; Miyaoka, Ryo; Nishizawa, Shigeru

    2012-01-01

    A 61-year-old woman presented with a very rare case of spontaneous bleeding from an orbital cavernous hemangioma manifesting as sudden onset of ophthalmic pain, proptosis, diplopia, and nausea. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and computed tomography (CT) revealed an intraconal, well-demarcated cystic mass with hemorrhage. The mass was immediately removed through a transcranial approach. Histological examination showed that the mass was a cavernous hemangioma. Ophthalmopathy was resolved by surgery. Orbital cavernous hemangioma is very common in adults, but spontaneous bleeding is extremely rare relative to intracranial cavernous hemangiomas. This rare case emphasizes the importance of careful neuroimaging evaluation with MR imaging and CT for diagnosing orbital cavernous hemangioma associated with spontaneous bleeding. PMID:23095267

  8. Hepatitis Vaccines.

    PubMed

    Ogholikhan, Sina; Schwarz, Kathleen B

    2016-01-01

    Viral hepatitis is a serious health problem all over the world. However, the reduction of the morbidity and mortality due to vaccinations against hepatitis A and hepatitis B has been a major component in the overall reduction in vaccine preventable diseases. We will discuss the epidemiology, vaccine development, and post-vaccination effects of the hepatitis A and B virus. In addition, we discuss attempts to provide hepatitis D vaccine for the 350 million individuals infected with hepatitis B globally. Given the lack of a hepatitis C vaccine, the many challenges facing the production of a hepatitis C vaccine will be shown, along with current and former vaccination trials. As there is no current FDA-approved hepatitis E vaccine, we will present vaccination data that is available in the rest of the world. Finally, we will discuss the existing challenges and questions facing future endeavors for each of the hepatitis viruses, with efforts continuing to focus on dramatically reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with these serious infections of the liver. PMID:26978406

  9. Co-occurrence of intraoral hemangioma and port wine stain: A rare case

    PubMed Central

    Rao, Prasanna Kumar; Bejai, Vishal; Rao, Sanath; Shetty, Shishir Ram

    2012-01-01

    Hemangiomas are neoplastic proliferations of endothelial cells, characterized by a period of growth after birth, and eventual spontaneous involution. The course can be uneventful with spontaneous resolution; or it may be marked by complications such as infection, bleeding, ulceration, visual defects and feeding difficulties. Apart from these, rare life-threatening complications such as congestive heart failure and consumption coagulopathy may also be seen. Although hemangiomas commonly occur in the head and neck region, intraoral occurrence is relatively rare. A port wine stain is defined as a macular telangiectatic patch which is present at birth and remains throughout life. They may be localized or extensive, affecting a whole limb. This article reports a rare case of co-occurrence of port wine stain with intraoral hemangioma. PMID:23130257

  10. Ovarian Hemangioma: a Rare Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Ziari, Katayoun; Alizadeh, Kamyab

    2016-01-01

    Ovarian hemangiomas are benign and rare tumors of female genital tract with less than 60 reported cases in the literature. A 38- yr- old woman was admitted to Be’sat Hospital, Tehran, Iran in 2012, due to severe abdominal pain. Ultrasound evaluation revealed a 6 cm left ovarian cystic mass and serum tumor markers were normal. Then, left salpingo-oophorectomy was performed for the patient. Microscopic examination revealed a follicular cyst and an incidental cavernous hemangioma consisting thin-walled vascular channels filled with blood that lined with flatten endothelial cells. In IHC staining strong immunoreactivity for CD31 and CD34 were seen, finally, the diagnosis of primary ovarian hemangioma, cavernous-type was made. The clinicopathologic presentation of this unusual benign tumor is discussed. PMID:26870145

  11. Endoscopic bimanual approach to an intraconal cavernous hemangioma of the orbital apex with vascularized flap reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Healy, David Y; Lee, N Grace; Freitag, Suzanne K; Bleier, Benjamin S

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe a transnasal endoscopic bimanual technique for the removal of an intraconal orbital apex cavernous hemangioma. Report of a surgical technique. A 39-year-old woman with unilateral visual loss and proptosis was found to have an intraconal orbital apex mass consistent radiographically with cavernous hemangioma. Because of its posteromedial location within the orbit, a transnasal 4-handed endoscopic technique was used with pedicled nasoseptal flap reconstruction. The tumor was excised, and the patient had no complications. The transnasal endoscopic approach to orbital apex cavernous hemangioma excision is a viable surgical approach for these difficult to access lesions. The medial orbital wall may be simultaneously reconstructed to prevent diplopia and enophthalmos. PMID:24833438

  12. Spontaneous rupture of the kidney in the patients with synchronous renal hemangioma and nephrogenic hypertension.

    PubMed

    Memmedo?lu, Akif; Musayev, Jamal

    2015-12-01

    Most renal neoplasms in adults are epithelial in origin and mesenchymal tumors are rarely encountered. Vascular tumors and tumor-like lesions account for a very small subset. Hemangioma of the kidney is a rarely seen benign vascular neoplasm that probably arises from angioblastic cells. Its general sign is macroscopic hematuria with or without pain. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult or impossible. Previously, spontaneous rupture of the kidney caused by renal hemangioma was not reported in the English literature. In this study, two cases with a history of nephrogenic hypertension who presented with spontaneous renal rupture are presented. There wasn't any trauma history in the background of our patients. A long-standing nephrogenic hypertension was present in both patients. Patients underwent radical nephrectomy due to rupture of the renal tumor. In histopathological examination, capillary hemangioma was detected in the renal medulla in both cases. Patients didn't need antihypertensive therapy during the postoperative period. PMID:26623154

  13. Spontaneous rupture of the kidney in the patients with synchronous renal hemangioma and nephrogenic hypertension

    PubMed Central

    Memmedoğlu, Akif; Musayev, Jamal

    2015-01-01

    Most renal neoplasms in adults are epithelial in origin and mesenchymal tumors are rarely encountered. Vascular tumors and tumor-like lesions account for a very small subset. Hemangioma of the kidney is a rarely seen benign vascular neoplasm that probably arises from angioblastic cells. Its general sign is macroscopic hematuria with or without pain. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult or impossible. Previously, spontaneous rupture of the kidney caused by renal hemangioma was not reported in the English literature. In this study, two cases with a history of nephrogenic hypertension who presented with spontaneous renal rupture are presented. There wasn’t any trauma history in the background of our patients. A long-standing nephrogenic hypertension was present in both patients. Patients underwent radical nephrectomy due to rupture of the renal tumor. In histopathological examination, capillary hemangioma was detected in the renal medulla in both cases. Patients didn’t need antihypertensive therapy during the postoperative period. PMID:26623154

  14. Cavernous hemangioma of adult pancreas: A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Mondal, Utpal; Henkes, Nichole; Henkes, David; Rosenkranz, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Pancreatic hemangioma is a rare type of benign vascular tumor. Low clinical suspicion and inability of current cross sectional imaging techniques to differentiate it from other pancreatic lesions, contribute to the difficulty in making the correct diagnosis. Without a definitive diagnosis, and due to concern for malignancy, in many instances, surgery is performed. We report a case of pancreas cavernous hemangioma in an 18-year-old female. The patient presented with three-month history of epigastric pain. Physical examination and routine blood tests were normal. Abdominal Computed Tomography scan revealed a 5 cm 6 cm complex non-enhancing cystic mass in the head of pancreas. Magnetic resonance imaging, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and EUS guided fine needle aspiration cytology were non-diagnostic. Because of uncontrolled symptoms, the patient underwent surgical resection. Histopathology and Immunohistochemical staining confirmed the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma of pancreas. PMID:26361427

  15. Laryngeal stenosis following carbon dioxide laser in subglottic hemangioma. Report of three cases.

    PubMed

    Cotton, R T; Tewfik, T L

    1985-01-01

    Recent reports recommend carbon dioxide laser as the safest and the most effective treatment for subglottic hemangioma in infants. Though one report mentions the development of a small amount of subglottic scarring in an 8-month-old girl after resection of a subglottic hemangioma, there is insufficient emphasis in the literature with respect to stenosis as a complication of CO2 laser therapy. The authors present three cases of severe laryngotracheal stenosis developing in infants treated with the CO2 laser for subglottic hemangioma. The presentation of these three cases should be a warning to the otolaryngologist that the use of the CO2 laser is not without significant risk of scar tissue formation. PMID:3931531

  16. [Prenatal diagnosis of hepatic hemangioendothelioma and peripartual management].

    PubMed

    Ritter, S; Jrn, H; Ahaus, M; Rath, W

    2003-01-01

    Infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma is a benign hepatic tumor that can be associated with life-threatening perinatal complications. A 38-year-old gravida 3 para 2 was referred to our hospital with preterm labor at 33.6 gestational weeks. Fetal abdominal circumference was estimated sonographically above the 97 th percentile. Because of pathologic CTG, the fetus was delivered by caesarean section (APGAR-scores 0/0/7, pH: 7.15). After cardiopulmonary reanimation and intensive care of the fetus, the prenatally suspected hemangioma of the liver was confirmed by computer tomography. The day after, liver segments V, VI, and VII were resected because of lung compression. During the operation, reanimation was necessary two more times. Two days later, ductus arteriosus Botalli was occluded. After stabilization, the neonate was treated with prednisone because of tumor residues. If a large hyperechogenic mass in the fetal liver is seen prenatally, diagnosis of fetal hemangioma should be considered. In order to prevent serious cardiovascular complications, continual clinical surveillance is indicated. PMID:12649784

  17. Breast cancer after radiotherapy for skin hemangioma in infancy

    SciTech Connect

    Lundell, M.; Mattsson, A.; Hakulinen, T.; Holm, L.E.

    1996-02-01

    Between 1920 and 1959, 9675 women were irradiated in infancy for skin hemangioma at Radiumhemmet, Stockholm. They were exposed to low to moderate doses of ionizing radiation. The mean age at first exposure was 6 months and the mean absorbed dose to the breast anlage was 0.39 Gy (range < 0.01-35.8 Gy). The breast cancer incidence was analyzed by record linkage with the Swedish Cancer Register for the period 1958-1986. Seventy-five breast cancers were found after a mean absorbed dose of 1.5 Gy in the breasts with cancer. The analyses showed a significant dose-response relationship with a linear model estimate for the excess relative risk (ERR) of 0.38 at 1 Gy (95% CI 0.09-0.85). This relationship was not modified significantly by age at exposure or by dose to the ovaries. The ERR increased significantly with time after exposure and for > 50 years after exposure the ERR at 1 Gy was 2.25 (95% CI 0.59-5.62). The fitted excess absolute risk (EAR) was 22.9 per 10{sup 4} breast-year gray. The breast absorbed dose and time after exposure were important risk determinants for breast cancer excess risk. Forty to 50 years of follow-up was necessary for the excess risk to be expressed. The study confirms previous findings that the breast anlage of female infants is sensitive to ionizing radiation. 17 refs., 6 figs.

  18. Cardiovascular drugs in the treatment of infantile hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Fernandez-Pineda, Israel; Williams, Regan; Ortega-Laureano, Lucia; Jones, Ryan

    2016-01-01

    Since the introduction of propranolol in the treatment of complicated infantile hemangiomas (IH) in 2008, other different beta-blockers, including timolol, acetabutolol, nadolol and atenolol, have been successfully used for the same purpose. Various hypotheses including vasoconstriction, inhibition of angiogenesis and the induction of apoptosis in proliferating endothelial cells have been advanced as the potential beta-blocker-induced effect on the accelerated IH involution, although the exact mechanism of action of beta-blockers remains unknown. This has generated an extraordinary interest in IH research and has led to the discovery of the role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the biology of IH, providing a plausible explanation for the beta-blocker induced effect on IH involution and the development of new potential indications for RAS drugs such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-receptor blockers in the treatment of IH. This review is focused on the current use of cardiovascular drugs in the treatment of IH. PMID:26839658

  19. Efficacious Healing of Ulcerated Infantile Hemangiomas Using Topical Timolol.

    PubMed

    Chang, Chun-Shin; Kang, Gavin Chun-Wui

    2016-02-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign pediatric soft-tissue tumors. Ulceration-the most frequent complication of IH-tends to heal poorly and is associated with pain, bleeding, infection, and scarring. Mainstay treatment modalities include propranolol (β-blocker) and corticosteroids, whose effectiveness is countered by a need for long-term medication and risk of systemic adverse effects and ulcer recurrence. A 3-month-old infant presented to us with a large, medial thigh-ulcerated IH that progressed despite 2 prior months of dressings and topical antimicrobials. Topical timolol 0.5% thrice daily was initiated, and significant healing was evident at 1 week, with complete healing at 1 month. Timolol was stopped after 3 months, and at 18 months after cessation of timolol, there was no ulcer recurrence. This novel therapy for ulcerated IH seems to have many advantages such as rapid efficacy with easy application, no systemic adverse effects and no long-term recurrence, and current literature describing similar advantages justifies the use of this treatment modality in infants. PMID:27014550

  20. [Ultrastructure of eruptive capillary hemangioma (granuloma pyogenicum sive teleangiectaticum)].

    PubMed

    Marsch, W C

    1984-02-01

    Twelve lesions of so-called granuloma pyogenicum of the skin were examined by electron microscopy. The process is initially characterized by a solid proliferation of endothelial cells. The lumen is formed by a distention of the intercellular space and by invaginations of the cytoplasmic membrane. Even the walls of greatly ectatic vessels are only lined by endothelial cells, which is an indication for their capillary nature. Weibel-Palade bodies are rare. The basal lamina is born in the process of lumen formation and flattening of the endothelial cells. Cytoplasmic blebs on endothelial cell surfaces represent aqueous compartments. Their appearance probably results from a lack of energy supply due to an insufficient microcirculation. Exulceration of the epifocal epidermis is definitely a secondary event and leads to direct contact of the capillary vascular tissue with living and nonliving agents in the environment. This induces a strong acute inflammatory response, which results in fibrin exudation and emigration of neutrophilic granulocytes. The lesion is a benign vascular tumour. Therefore the term "eruptive capillary hemangioma" is justified. PMID:6706583

  1. Synchronous Hepatoblastoma, Neuroblastoma, and Cutaneous Capillary Hemangiomas: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Ozawa, Michael G; Cooney, Tabitha; Rangaswami, Arun; Hazard, Florette K

    2016-01-01

    Multiple synchronous tumors presenting in infancy raise concern for inherited or sporadic cancer predisposition syndromes, which include Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, familial adenomatous polyposis syndrome, and Li-Fraumeni syndrome. We report a case of a 7-month-old previously healthy male born following an in vitro fertilization-assisted twin pregnancy who presented with new-onset refractory shock, severe acidosis, and rapid decline over several hours. An autopsy revealed a ruptured liver involved by hepatoblastoma, an adrenal gland involved by neuroblastoma, and multiple cutaneous capillary hemangiomas. Standard genetic testing demonstrated that both twins were Gaucher disease (GD) carriers without evidence of other known cancer predisposition syndromes. This report describes a unique association of multiple synchronous tumors, which underscores the utility and importance of the pediatric autopsy. Moreover, given that the reported child was a GD carrier, the possibility the tumors were the result of a GD-mediated cancer-associated phenotype or an unrecognized sporadic clinical syndrome remains an unanswered, but intriguing, question worthy of further investigation. PMID:26368548

  2. Gamma Knife radiosurgery for the treatment of cavernous sinus hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    XU, QINGSHENG; SHEN, JIAN; FENG, YIPING; ZHAN, RENYA

    2016-01-01

    The present retrospective study aimed to analyze the outcome of patients with cavernous sinus hemangioma (CSH) treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKS). Between August 2011 and April 2014, 7 patients with CSHs underwent GKS. GKS was performed as the sole treatment option in 5 patients, whilst partial resection had been performed previously in 1 patient and biopsy had been performed in 1 patient. The mean volume of the tumors at the time of GKS was 12.510.2 cm3 (range, 5.333.2 cm3), and the median prescription of peripheral dose was 14.0 Gy (range, 10.015.0 Gy). The mean follow-up period was 20 months (range, 640 months). At the last follow-up, the lesion volume had decreased in all patients, and all cranial neuropathies observed prior to GKS had improved. There were no radiation-induced neuropathies or complications during the follow-up period. GKS appears to be an effective and safe treatment modality for the management of CSHs.

  3. An Intramuscular Hemangioma at the Cervical Muscle: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Jang, Kyoung-Min; Park, Seung-Won; Kim, Young-Baeg

    2015-09-01

    Intramuscular hemangioma (IMH) primarily develops in the skeletal muscles of the limbs or trunk. The occurrence of IMH in the neck muscle is very rare. In the present report, we describe a case of IMH in the posterior neck muscle. A 58-year-old woman presented with a mass on the right posterior neck area, which had developed 2 years previously. The tumor was round in shape, had a size of 3.53.0 cm, and was fixed to the surrounding soft tissue. The patient complained of mild dull pain and tenderness at the mass without reddish discoloration. The mass showed a diurnal variation in size - the mass grew in size in the morning and became smaller in the afternoon. Preoperative study confirmed the vascular nature of the tumor. During peritumoral dissection, the mass shrank rapidly following profuse bleeding and arterial cauterization, and hence, it was difficult to distinguish the mass from the surrounding tissues. A total resection was possible with careful dissection of its fibrotic boundary. Based on the histological findings, a definitive diagnosis of cavernous type IMH was made. An initial suspicion of IMH, according to the clinical findings, would be helpful for decision making of further evaluations and surgical plan. PMID:26512283

  4. Efficacious Healing of Ulcerated Infantile Hemangiomas Using Topical Timolol

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Chun-Shin

    2016-01-01

    Summary: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign pediatric soft-tissue tumors. Ulceration—the most frequent complication of IH—tends to heal poorly and is associated with pain, bleeding, infection, and scarring. Mainstay treatment modalities include propranolol (β-blocker) and corticosteroids, whose effectiveness is countered by a need for long-term medication and risk of systemic adverse effects and ulcer recurrence. A 3-month-old infant presented to us with a large, medial thigh-ulcerated IH that progressed despite 2 prior months of dressings and topical antimicrobials. Topical timolol 0.5% thrice daily was initiated, and significant healing was evident at 1 week, with complete healing at 1 month. Timolol was stopped after 3 months, and at 18 months after cessation of timolol, there was no ulcer recurrence. This novel therapy for ulcerated IH seems to have many advantages such as rapid efficacy with easy application, no systemic adverse effects and no long-term recurrence, and current literature describing similar advantages justifies the use of this treatment modality in infants. PMID:27014550

  5. Intravascular Lobular Capillary Hemangioma in the Corpus Spongiosum.

    PubMed

    Gameiro, Ana; Cardoso, Jos Carlos; Calonje, Eduardo; Tellechea, Oscar

    2016-01-01

    Lobular capillary hemangioma (LCH) or pyogenic granuloma is a very common benign vascular tumor. However, its etiology still remains unknown. This tumor classically arises from epithelium-lined tissue, such as skin and mucosa, but subcutaneous and intravenous variants have also been described. Intravenous LCH usually arises within the lumen of large caliber veins, but other intravascular examples have been reported in association with vascular malformations, namely port-wine stains and arteriovenous fistulas. A 54-year-old man presented after the sudden appearance of a subcutaneous nodule on his penile coronal sulcus. A partial biopsy disclosed a lesion with typical features of LCH but with the particularity of being located within the dilated vascular spaces of the corpus spongiosum. After the biopsy, the lesion completely regressed. Although no causal factor could be elicited, trauma was a possible trigger considering the site. Additionally, we speculate that perhaps the normal anatomy of the corpus spongiosum may mimic a similar "slow blood flow environment" found in some vascular malformations, thus providing a possible explanation for the unusual location of the lesion in our patient. This case represents, to our knowledge, the first intravascular LCH described in the corpus spongiosum. Awareness of this unusual intravascular variant of LCH is of paramount importance to avoid misdiagnosis and unnecessary treatment, because the lesion may resolve even if incompletely excised, like in this case. PMID:26730699

  6. [Alcoholic hepatitis].

    PubMed

    Radchenko, V G; Prikhod'ko, E M

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate Kholit efficiency in complex treatment of alcoholic hepatitis. 72 patients with proved chronic alcoholic hepatitis were examined. 37 of them underwent complex treatment including Kholit. Kholit in complex treatment of patients with chronic alcoholic hepatitis was shown to promote improvement of the general patient's state, disappearance of objective signs of the disease, normalization of laboratory and instrumental data. PMID:23402199

  7. Hepatitis B

    MedlinePLUS

    ... A Hepatitis B HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Influenza (Flu) Measles Meningococcal Disease Mumps Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Pneumococcal Disease Rubella (German Measles) Shingles (Herpes Zoster) Tetanus (Lockjaw) Professional Resources Adult ...

  8. Hepatitis C Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Hepatitis C Antibody; Anti-HCV; HCV-PCR; HCV-RNA; Hepatitis C Viral Load Formal name: Viral Hepatitis C Antibody Screen; Viral Hepatitis C RNA by PCR; Hepatitis C Virus Genotype Related tests: ...

  9. 131I uptake in intraosseous hemangioma of the skull: mimicking a bone metastasis in thyroid cancer.

    PubMed

    Lee, Minkyung; Lee, Yu Kyung; Jeon, Tae Joo; Park, Cheong Soo; Ryu, Young Hoon

    2014-11-01

    We report a case of unusual 131I uptake in the skull in a patient who received total thyroidectomy and cervical lymph node dissection for papillary thyroid carcinoma. This uptake mimicked a bone metastasis on posttherapeutic 131I whole-body scan. The lesion was further evaluated by 131I SPECT/CT and MRI, and it was identified as intraosseous hemangioma. For the prevention of unnecessary repeat ablation therapies and physicians' confusion, the nuclear medicine physicians have to consider the 131I accumulation in the skull intraosseous hemangioma as a possible cause of false-positive uptake. PMID:24978336

  10. Hemorrhage Within the Optic Nerve From a Cavernous Hemangioma of the Optic Disc.

    PubMed

    Grob, Seanna R; Campbell, Ashley A; Gross, Andrew; Cestari, Dean M

    2015-09-01

    A 49-year-old woman with a known right optic disc cavernous hemangioma experienced pain with eye movements and worsening of a superior visual field defect. While she retained 20/20 visual acuity in each eye, findings on magnetic resonance imaging were consistent with a hemorrhage in the anterior portion of the right intraorbital optic nerve. Her visual function stabilized spontaneously. We are unaware of previous reports of hemorrhage into the optic nerve from a cavernous hemangioma of the optic disc. PMID:26132965

  11. Acute Hepatitis.

    PubMed

    Proujansky; Vinton

    1995-10-01

    The acute onset of hepatitis may occur in adolescents as a result of hepatic damage from infectious agents, drugs, or toxins, or it may be the initial presentation of a chronic autoimmune or metabolic liver disease. The authors characterize the clinical features of each of these disorders emphasizing recognition and diagnosis. PMID:10358327

  12. A mild and rare form of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome presenting with urethral bleeding due to penile hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Tepeler, Abdulkadir; Ye?ilolva, Yavuz; K?l?n, Ali; Aktoz, Tevfik; Onen, Abdurrrahman

    2011-02-01

    Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is characterized by a triad of cutaneous port-wine capillary malformations, hemihypertrophy, and varicose veins. Intermittent gross painless hematuria is usually the first clinical sign. An 8-year-old boy with multiple hemangiomas, including glans penis, and associated with KTS presented with urethral bleeding. Radiologic and endoscopic evaluation revealed neither intra-abdominal nor intravesical hemangioma. Urethral bleeding was thought to be related to glanular hemangioma extending to the anterior penile urethra. Although we were able to manage the case conservatively, many patients require endoscopic or surgical interventions. Radiologic and endoscopic evaluations and careful follow-up is essential for diagnosis and prompt treatment. PMID:20719363

  13. Infantile Perianal Pyramidal Protrusion with Coexisting Perineal and Perianal Hemangiomas: A Fortuitous Association or Incomplete PELVIS Syndrome?

    PubMed

    Verma, Shyam B; Wollina, Uwe

    2014-01-01

    Two cases of infantile perianal pyramidal protrusions (IPPP), one pyramidal in shape and one leaf shaped, are being described by us. Both were notable for coexisting hemangiomas in the close vicinity. To the best of our knowledge we are reporting these two variants of IPPP with the associated neighboring hemangiomas for the first time in Indian dermatologic literature. We suggest that this presentation may be a part of one of the syndromes that comprise anorectal malformations with hemangiomas like PELVIS syndrome and others mentioned in the table. PMID:24470664

  14. Long term follow-up of intralesional laser photocoagulation (ILP) for hemangioma patients

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Cheng-Jen

    2011-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Hemangiomas remain a challenge for patients and plastic surgeons. Promising results have been reported using intralesional photocoagulation (ILP) for treatment. The objective of our study is to review the long term results of a large series of hemangiomas in patients treated by ILP. Materials (Subjects) and Methods: A retrospective review of 684 hemangiomas in patients were treated by ILP with an Nd:YAG (neodymium-yttrium-aluminium-garnet) (1064 nm) laser over a period of 10 years (January 1996January 2005). Patients ages ranged from one month to 11 years 5 months (mean, 1 year 10 months). The patient group consisted of 474 females and 210 males. Results: Patients were treated with an Nd:YAG laser delivered through a 600 m optical fiber. Laser power was set at 7 to 15 watts (W) and delivered with pulse duration of 7 to 15 seconds (s). The results showed 603 (88.6%) patients had more than 50% reduction of the volume in hemangiomas at 3 months after one treatment; and 663 (96.9%) patients had more than 50% reduction of the volume at 3 months after two treatments. Patients who had continuous ILP achieved excellent results. Conclusions: Postoperative complications have been related to photocoagulation that has been delivered too extensively or superficially, with resultant ulceration, infection, bleeding, and scarring. These complications can be avoided if this potential for harm is kept in mind. PMID:24155535

  15. Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma involving hemangiomas: an unusual presentation of a rare neoplasm.

    PubMed

    Nixon, Brigitte K; Kussick, Steven J; Carlon, Michael J; Rubin, Brian P

    2005-08-01

    We report the clinicopathological features of two cases of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma involving cutaneous hemangiomas. The cases were identified from the consultation files of two of the authors. Both patients were women, 64 and 55 years of age, who presented with long-standing cutaneous hemangiomas of the posterior scalp and left shoulder, respectively. The lesions were brought to medical attention by an increase in size and change in color. Biopsies and immunohistochemical evaluation of the hemangiomas revealed extensive involvement by intravascular large B-cell lymphoma. The neoplastic cells were diffusely positive for CD20 in both cases and negative for CD3, pan-cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), epithelial membrane antigen, S-100, Factor VIII-related antigen, CD34 and CD31. Disease was limited to the hemangiomas in both patients. Treatment consisted of chemotherapy (both patients) and adjuvant radiation therapy (one patient). One patient had a recurrence of disease 33 months after initial diagnosis, leading to an autologous stem cell transplant. The other patient is without evidence of disease 27 months after initial diagnosis. Although this is a rare neoplasm, it is important to consider intravascular large B-cell lymphoma in the differential diagnosis of vascular lesions containing intravascular neoplastic cells. PMID:15803190

  16. Suppressed NFAT-dependent VEGFR1 expression and constitutive VEGFR2 signaling in infantile hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Jinnin, Masatoshi; Medici, Damian; Park, Lucy; Limaye, Nisha; Liu, Yanqiu; Boscolo, Elisa; Bischoff, Joyce; Vikkula, Miikka; Boye, Eileen; Olsen, Bjorn R.

    2008-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are localized and rapidly growing regions of disorganized angiogenesis. We demonstrate that expression of VEGFR1 in hemangioma endothelial cells (hemEC) and tissue is only 10−20% of that in controls. Low VEGFR1 levels result in VEGF-dependent activation of VEGFR2 and downstream pathways. We show that VEGFR1 transcription is NFAT-dependent, and that low VEGFR1 expression in hemEC is caused by reduced activity of a pathway involving β1 integrin, the integrin-like receptor TEM8, VEGFR2 and NFAT. In a subset of individuals with hemangioma, we find missense mutations in VEGFR2 or TEM8. Further studies indicate that the mutations result in increased interaction between VEGFR2, TEM8 and β1 integrin and inhibition of integrin activity. Normalization of the constitutive VEGFR2-signaling in hemEC with soluble VEGFR1 and antibodies that block VEGF or stimulate β1 integrin suggests that local administration of these or similar agents may be effective in hemangioma treatment. PMID:18931684

  17. Combination of propranolol and sclerotherapy for treatment of infantile parotid hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Xiaorong; Chang, Mengling; Ouyang, Tianxiang; Xu, Daili; Xu, Miao; Ke, Jingwen; Lin, Jun; Liu, Jun; Yu, Jie; Chen, Huiping

    2015-01-01

    We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of combination of propranolol and sclerotherapy in treating parotid hemangiomas. Twenty-six parotid hemangiomas patients were subjected to combined treatment from January 2009 and June 2014. The effects of the therapy modality were evaluated. Nineteen patients were females and 7 were males. The median age of treatment initiation was 4.96 months. Twelve lesions were located on the left side parotid glands, while thirteen lesions affected the right side. One infant had bilateral lesions. One to six (average 2.04) injections were performed and the mean period for propranolol was 8.94 months. All the patients got satisfied aesthetic outcomes. No complications of propranolol or sclerotherapy occurred during the whole medication period. The study demonstrated that combination of propranolol and sclerotherapy was an effective and safe method for infantile parotid hemangiomas. Larger-scale studies should be performed to further investigate the long-term efficacy and results of the present combined method for infantile parotid hemangiomas. PMID:26379880

  18. [Management of orbital cavernous hemangioma - evaluation of surgical approaches: report of 43 cases].

    PubMed

    Aymard, P-A; Langlois, B; Putterman, M; Jacomet, P-V; Morax, S; Galatoire, O

    2013-12-01

    Cavernous hemangioma is the most frequent benign orbital tumor in adults. The purpose of this study was to examine its clinical features, to define surgical indications, and to determine the roles of the various surgical approaches praticed in ophthalmology: transconjunctival (increasingly utilized), anterior transcutaneous, and lateral orbitotomy. The records of all patients treated for orbital cavernous hemangioma (OCH) since 2004 at the Fondation Rothschild (Paris, France) were retrospectively reviewed. Forty-three patients were treated for orbital cavernous hemangioma. Fifty-eight percent were women, mean age 50.2; 79 % of the tumors were intraconal. Among those patients, 36 underwent surgical removal, 5 were followed periodically, and 2 were lost to follow-up. The main surgical indications were: optic nerve compression (26 patients), proptosis (24 patients) and diplopia (3 patients). Transconjunctival, anterior transcutaneous and Kronlein approaches were used in 16, 12 and 4 patients respectively. Four patients had intrapalpebral hemangiomas easily reached transcutaneously. Two patients demonstrated transient partial 3rd nerve palsy (one with the lateral orbitotomy approach and one with the transconjunctival approach), one patient with the lateral orbitotomy approach developed a palsy of the superior branch of the 3rd nerve, and one patient with the transcutaneous anterior approach developed mydriasis. Surgical excision of OCH's is required in the presence of clinical complications. The transconjunctival approach is a safe technique which can lead to complete resection of the tumor in most cases. PMID:24119454

  19. Delayed-onset of multiple cutaneous infantile hemangiomas due to propranolol: a case report.

    PubMed

    Porcel Chacn, Roco; del Boz Gonzlez, Javier; Navarro Morn, Juan

    2015-04-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumors in childhood. In view of its proven effectiveness in such cases, propranolol is the drug of choice. We present the case of a male infant who started treatment with propranolol shortly after birth due to heart disease. After 7 months, when the patient had suffered various respiratory exacerbations, this treatment was suspended. One week later, multiple skin lesions (ie, multifocal infantile hemangiomas) began to appear, with no extracutaneous involvement. It was decided to resume treatment with propranolol, although at lower doses than before, and the skin lesions improved rapidly, with some disappearing completely. Treatment was definitively withdrawn at age 16 months, with only slight recurrence of the lesions. The case described is of multifocal infantile hemangiomas without extracutaneous involvement appearing beyond the neonatal period after treatment with propranolol beginning in the first days of life. The details of the case support the hypothesis that this drug is not only therapeutic but also plays a prophylactic role against infantile hemangiomas. In turn, this supports the recent proposal that this drug may be useful in preventing the growth and spread of tumors with high angiogenic potential. It is postulated that the inhibition of ?-adrenergic receptors is associated with multiple intracellular processes related to the progression and metastasis of different tumors. PMID:25780066

  20. Rapid regrowth of a capillary hemangioma of the thoracic spinal cord.

    PubMed

    Kaneko, Yoichi; Yamabe, Kazutoshi; Abe, Masamitsu

    2012-01-01

    A 48-year-old man presented with a 2-week history of progressive gait disturbance. Neurological examinations showed mild weakness in his lower extremities and depreciation of deep sensation. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed an intradural extramedullary enhanced lesion at the levels of the T10 and T11 vertebrae. Laminectomy of the T10 and T11 vertebrae was performed, and the vascular tumor on the spinal cord surface was completely resected. Histological analysis indicated that the lesion was a capillary hemangioma with an elevated proliferative index. Postoperatively, the patient showed rapid motor and sensory improvement. However, 6 months after the operation, MR imaging showed regrowth of the tumor although the clinical symptoms of the patient had not deteriorated. The patient has shown no tumor regrowth 9 years after the second operation. Capillary hemangiomas in the skin and soft tissues are often associated with high proliferative activity, and recurrence/regrowth is not infrequent. On the other hand, recurrence/regrowth of capillary hemangioma in the neuraxis after tumor resection has rarely been observed, even in cases of incomplete resection. The present case illustrates the treatment of recurrent capillary hemangioma of the spinal cord. PMID:23006883

  1. Ovarian Hemangiomas Do Not Harbor EWSR1 Rearrangements: Clinicopathologic Characterization of 10 Cases.

    PubMed

    Schoolmeester, John Kenneth; Greipp, Patricia T; Keeney, Gary L; Soslow, Robert A

    2015-09-01

    Hemangiomas of the ovary are rare with a majority described as individual reports of unusual clinical presentations or morphologic findings. Both the expected and unexpected pathologic features of these tumors in the ovary are not well detailed. Therefore, we collected the largest series of ovarian hemangiomas to comprehensively define their clinicopathologic associations and examine the significance of hormone receptors in their pathogenesis. In addition, a novel EWSR1-NFATC1 fusion has recently been described in a case of hemangioma of bone. To our knowledge, EWSR1 rearrangement has not been evaluated in hemangiomas of other sites or in a case series. Accordingly, we used fluorescence in situ hybridization to investigate EWSR1 status in a majority of our cases. Clinical presentation was variable and dependent on tumor size. Patient age ranged 48 to 87 yr (median 63 yr). Tumors involved the right (n=6) and left (n=3) ovaries with laterality unknown in 1 case, and size ranged from 0.2 to 5.0 cm (median 1.0 cm). Three of 4 radiologic reports were either equivocal or could not exclude malignancy. Seven cases were of the cavernous type and 3 were mixed cavernous and capillary type. All lesions formed a single discrete, circumscribed mass that displaced the surrounding cortical stroma. The cavernous type showed dilated, thin-walled vessels and vascular thrombi, some of which were associated with dystrophic calcification. In addition to cavernous morphology, the mixed form exhibited features of capillary hemangioma such as lobulated growth of capillary-sized vascular spaces that lacked atypia or multilayering and were linked to a larger feeding vessel. Each tumor expressed CD31, CD34, FLI-1, ERG, but not D240. The hemangioma stromal cells, but not endothelium, expressed estrogen and progesterone receptors in every case. Stromal luteinization was seen in 2 cases. Follow-up ranged 1 to 139 mo and all patients were disease free. All cases were negative for EWSR1 rearrangement; however, 2 cases demonstrated additional intact copies of EWSR1 indicating aneusomy 22 or a structural abnormality of chromosome 22 resulting in apparent duplication of the EWSR1 gene region (at 22q12). Although an uncommon entity, awareness of ovarian hemangioma's unique and diverse clinical presentation as well as its potential to radiologically imitate malignant ovarian neoplasms are important. PMID:25851709

  2. Hepatic Encephalopathy

    PubMed Central

    Bleibel, Wissam; Al-Osaimi, Abdullah M. S.

    2012-01-01

    Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis affect hundreds of millions of patients all over the world. The majority of patients with cirrhosis will eventually develop complications related to portal hypertension. One of these recurrent and difficult to treat complications is hepatic encephalopathy. Studies have indicated that overt hepatic encephalopathy affects 30 to 45% of patients with cirrhosis and a higher percentage may be affected by minimal degree of encephalopathy. All of these factors add to the impact of hepatic encephalopathy on the healthcare system and presents a major challenge to the gastroenterologist, hospitalist and primary care physician. PMID:23006457

  3. Proton or photon irradiation for hemangiomas of the choroid? A retrospective comparison

    SciTech Connect

    Hoecht, Stefan . E-mail: stefan.hoecht@charite.de; Wachtlin, Joachim; Bechrakis, Nikolaos E.; Schaefer, Christiane; Heufelder, Jens; Cordini, Dino; Kluge, Heinz; Foerster, Michael; Hinkelbein, Wolfgang

    2006-10-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare, on a retrospective basis, the results of therapy in patients with uveal hemangioma treated with photon or proton irradiation at a single center. Methods and Materials: From 1993 to 2002 a total of 44 patients were treated. Until 1998 radiotherapy was given with 6 MV photons in standard fractionation of 2.0 Gy 5 times per week. In 1998 proton therapy became available and was used since then. A dose of 20 to 22.5 Cobalt Gray Equivalent (CGE) 68 MeV protons was given on 4 consecutive days. Progressive symptoms or deterioration of vision were the indications for therapy. Results: Of the 44 patients treated, 36 had circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas and 8 had diffuse choroidal hemangiomas (DCH) and Sturge-Weber syndrome. Of the patients, 19 were treated with photons with a total dose in the range of 16 to 30 Gy. A total of 25 patients were irradiated with protons. All patients with DCH but 1 were treated with photons. Stabilization of visual acuity was achieved in 93.2% of all patients. Tumor thickness decreased in 95.4% and retinal detachment resolved in 92.9%. Late effects, although generally mild or moderate, were frequently detected. In all, 40.9% showed radiation-induced optic neuropathy, maximum Grade I. Retinopathy was found in 29.5% of cases, but only 1 patient experienced more than Grade II severity. Retinopathy and radiation-induced optic neuropathy were reversible in some of the patients and in some resolved completely. No differences could be detected between patients with circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas treated with protons and photons. Treatment was less effective in DCH patients (75%). Conclusions: Radiotherapy is effective in treating choroidal hemangiomas with respect to visual acuity and tumor thickness but a benefit of proton therapy could not be detected. Side effects are moderate but careful monitoring for side effects should be part of the follow-up procedures.

  4. Minimal invasive method to treat hemangiomas of the oral cavity with a CO2 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicola, Ester M. D.; Nicola, Jorge H.; Gusmao, Reinaldo J.; Coutinho, Adriana A.; Cassitas, Nilceu P.

    1997-05-01

    During the last six years we have developed a new CO2 laser technique for the treatment of symptomatic oral cavity hemangioma. Our new technique, named 'laser encircling technique', has especially succeeded during hemangioma buccal maxillary surgeries. The treatment consisted in the application of a line of points of CO2 laser circling the lesion. Depending on the position and size of the lesion, we used from 0.4 to 4.0 Joules/mm2 laser energy density per pulse, causing reduction in the size of the lesion throughout the sclerosis of nutritional vessels which led to reduction in size, volume and color of the hemangiomas with no significant bleeding or inflammatory reaction. In this work forty male and female patients, twelve to fifty years old, presenting medium to small size hemangiomas situated in different sites of the oral cavity such as the tongue, mouth vestibule, pharynx, tonsil area and lips were treated by the procedure described above. The number of laser applications was defined by the peculiarities of each case, varying form 3 to 6 sessions at 4 week intervals, always under local or topic anesthesia. The patients complained about minimal posit operative discomfort and had good cicatrix evolution. The good results achieved by this technique lead to the conclusion that CO2 laser for these types of hemangioma is an efficient and very secure method of treatment. An important aspect of our technique is the fact that using relatively low laser power we do not perform real surgery but a less aggressive alternative of treatment.

  5. Grizzly Giant Tree

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    This giant sequoia is named the Grizzly Giant, the oldest sequoia tree in the Mariposa Grove of Big Trees, located within Yosemite National Park. It is believed to be between 1,900 and 2,400 years old. ...

  6. Giant Sequoia Pinecone

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    A single giant sequoia pinecone rests in the bark of its parent. A large sequoia tree can have several thousand pinecones at a time. Although giant sequoia trees are among the largest trees in the world, their pinecones are comparatively small, usually only 2 inches or so....

  7. Giant Sequoia Pinecone

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    A pinecone of a giant sequoia rests on the forest floor. A large sequoia tree can have several thousand pinecones at a time. Although giant sequoia trees are among the largest trees in the world, their pinecones are comparatively small, usually only 2 inches or so....

  8. Hepatic Encephalopathy

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... is a condition that causes temporary worsening of brain function in people with advanced liver disease. When ... travel through your body until they reach your brain, causing mental and physical symptoms of HE. Hepatic ...

  9. Hepatitis B

    MedlinePLUS

    ... vaccine for HBV. It requires three shots. All babies should get the vaccine, but older children and adults can get it too. If you travel to countries where Hepatitis B is common, you should get the vaccine. NIH: ...

  10. PHACE association with intracranial, oropharyngeal hemangiomas, and an atypical patent ductus arteriosus arising from the tortuous left subclavian artery in a premature infant

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Jang Hwan; Lee, Jung Ha; Kim, Hee Sup

    2012-01-01

    PHACE association is a rare neurocutaneous condition in which facial hemangiomas associate with a spectrum of posterior fossa malformations, arterial cerebrovascular anomalies, cardiovascular anomalies, and eye anomalies. We reported a case of PHACE association in a premature infant showing facial, intracranial, and oropharyngeal hemangiomas with evidence of the Dandy-Walker variant and complicated cardiovascular anomalies, including a right-sided aortic arch and an atypical patent ductus arteriosus arising from a tortuous left subclavian artery. To our knowledge, intracranial hemangiomas are rare in PHACE association, and a concomitant oropharyngeal hemangioma has not been previously reported in the PHACE association literature. In infants presenting with large, plaque-like facial hemangiomas, it is important to conduct active cardiovascular and neurological evaluations. Special attention should be given to the laryngoscopic examination to search for additional hemangiomas in the airway. PMID:22359528

  11. Hypoplastic extraocular muscles due to sclerosing cavernous hemangioma of the cavernous sinus mimicking congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles

    PubMed Central

    Leon, Bhambi Gesite-de; Demer, Joseph L.

    2014-01-01

    A girl with a clinical presentation consistent with unilateral congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles type 3 at 2 years of age years later developed progressive ophthalmoplegia and an afferent pupillary defect. Reimaging revealed a lesion diagnosed as a sclerosing cavernous sinus hemangioma with focal calcification. Cavernous sinus hemangioma is a rare, benign vascular malformation whose growth causes cranial nerve compression. Although frequently missed on routine neuroimaging, characteristic radiologic findings distinguish it from lesions such as meningioma. PMID:24751811

  12. Protect Yourself from Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Your Liver Guard Your Liver Protect Yourself From Hepatitis Hepatitis can make you feel as if you have ... viruses that attack your lungs and respiratory system; hepatitis is a liver disease. Some forms of hepatitis ...

  13. Hepatitis A FAQs

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of Viral Hepatitis Contact Us Quick Links to Hepatitis ... A | B | C | D | E Viral Hepatitis Home ... Outbreaks State and Local Partners & Grantees Resource Center Hepatitis A FAQs for the Public Recommend on Facebook ...

  14. Hepatitis B FAQs

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of Viral Hepatitis Contact Us Quick Links to Hepatitis ... A | B | C | D | E Viral Hepatitis Home ... Outbreaks State and Local Partners & Grantees Resource Center Hepatitis B FAQs for the Public Recommend on Facebook ...

  15. What Is Hepatitis?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Twitter Facebook Google + iTunes Play Store What is hepatitis? Online Q&A Reviewed July 2015 Q: What ... Question and answer archives Submit a question World Hepatitis Day World Hepatitis Day 2014: Think agaiin Hepatitis ...

  16. Delta agent (Hepatitis D)

    MedlinePLUS

    Hepatitis D virus ... Hepatitis D virus (HDV) is found only in people who carry the hepatitis B virus. HDV may make liver ... B virus but who never had symptoms. Hepatitis D infects about 15 million people worldwide. It occurs ...

  17. Identification of Signaling Systems in Proliferating and Involuting Phase Infantile Hemangiomas by Genome-Wide Transcriptional Profiling

    PubMed Central

    Calicchio, Monica L.; Collins, Tucker; Kozakewich, Harry P.

    2009-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are characterized by rapid capillary growth during the first year of life followed by involution during early childhood. The natural history of these lesions creates a unique opportunity to study the changes in gene expression that occur in the vessels of these tumors as they proliferate and regress. Here we use laser capture microdissection and genome-wide transcriptional profiling of vessels from proliferating and involuting hemangiomas to identify differentially expressed genes. Relative to normal placental vessels, proliferating hemangiomas were characterized by increased expression of genes involved in endothelial-pericyte interactions, such as angiopoietin-2 (ANGPT2), jagged-1 (JAG1), and notch-4 (NOTCH4), as well as genes involved in neural and vascular patterning, such as neuropilin-2 (NETO2), a plexin domain containing receptor (plexinC1), and an ephrin receptor (EPHB3). Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP3) was down-regulated in proliferating hemangiomas. Involuting hemangiomas were characterized by the expression of chronic inflammatory mediators, such as the chemokine, stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), and factors that may attenuate the angiogenic response, such as a member of the Down syndrome critical region (DSCR) family. The identification of genes differentially expressed in proliferating and involuting hemangiomas in vivo will contribute to our understanding of this vascular lesion, which remains a leading cause of morbidity in newborn children. PMID:19349369

  18. Pharmacological therapies for infantile hemangiomas: A clinical study in 853 consecutive patients using a standard treatment algorithm.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ling; Yuan, Wei-En; Zheng, Jia-Wei

    2016-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common infantile benign vascular tumor. While most infantile hemangiomas proliferate then involute, some may persist and require treatment for reasons including risk of disfigurement or functional impairment. Treatments currently include observation, pharmacological therapy, laser, cryosurgery, surgery and radiotherapy. Although pharmacological therapy is a well accepted treatment option, limited studies have evaluated the efficacy of different drug therapies. In this study, we compare different pharmacological modalities in the management of infantile hemangiomas. The study included 853 infants with proliferative infantile hemangiomas who were treated with topical timolol, oral propranolol, intralesional pingyangmycin, or intravenous vincristine from 2009 to 2012. Treatment stratification was based on clinical severity of the tumor. Response to the treatment was clinically evaluated and graded as: excellent, good, poor, or no response. Response to pharmacological therapies was excellent in almost all infantile hemangiomas. In addition, patients younger than 8 months responded highly to pharmacological treatment (89.1%), while patients older than 8 months were less responsive to treatment (36.3%). There were no instances of life-threatening complications. Overall, these findings support the efficacy of timolol, propranolol, pingyangmycin and vincristine in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas, especially in the youngest patient cohort (8 months or younger). PMID:26876800

  19. Phase II Study to Assess the Efficacy of Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy in Patients With Large Cavernous Sinus Hemangiomas

    SciTech Connect

    Wang Xin; Liu Xiaoxia; Mei Guanghai; Dai Jiazhong; Pan Li; Wang Enmin

    2012-06-01

    Purpose: Cavernous sinus hemangioma is a rare vascular tumor. The direct microsurgical approach usually results in massive hemorrhage. Although radiosurgery plays an important role in managing cavernous sinus hemangiomas as a treatment alternative to microsurgery, the potential for increased toxicity with single-session treatment of large tumors is a concern. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy in patients with large cavernous sinus hemangiomas. Methods: Fourteen patients with large (volume >20 cm{sup 3}) cavernous sinus hemangiomas were enrolled in a prospective Phase II study between December 2007 and December 2010. The hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy dose was 21 Gy delivered in 3 fractions. Results: After a mean follow-up of 15 months (range, 6-36 months), the magnetic resonance images showed a mean of 77% tumor volume reduction (range, 44-99%). Among the 6 patients with cranial nerve impairments before hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy, 1 achieved symptomatic complete resolution and 5 had improvement. No radiotherapy-related complications were observed during follow-up. Conclusion: Our current experience, though preliminary, substantiates the role of hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for large cavernous sinus hemangiomas. Although a longer and more extensive follow-up is needed, hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy of 21 Gy delivered in 3 fractions is effective in reducing the tumor volume without causing any new deficits and can be considered as a treatment modality for large cavernous sinus hemangiomas.

  20. Are bilateral cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit rare entities? The role of MRI in a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Paonessa, Amalia; Limbucci, Nicola; Gallucci, Massimo

    2008-05-01

    Cavernous hemangioma is a benign orbital extraocular vascular lesion consisting of large dilated venous channels with fibrous, well-delineated capsule and hemosiderin deposition. Cavernous hemangioma is considered to be almost always unilateral and bilateral cases have been rarely described. The aim of our study is to evaluate imaging characteristics of cavernous hemangioma and evaluate the prevalence of bilateral cases. We studied 14 patients with cavernous hemangioma of the orbit with surgical confirmation. MRI was performed on a 1.5-T unit before and after contrast agent administration. Each MR examination had been retrospectively evaluated in order to define signal patterns, dimensions, location and other main imaging characteristics. In 3 out of the 14 cases studied (21.4%) bilateral cavernous hemangiomas were found. Thirteen masses appeared isointense on T1, two were hypointense, and two heterogeneous. On T2, 12 were hyperintense, 3 were heterogeneous, 1 isointense, and 1 hypointense. Contrast enhancement was inhomogeneous in 5, homogeneous and intense in 12 cases. The size ranged from 3mm up to 21 mm (average 14.57). In four patients also CT scan without contrast administration of the orbits was performed. Bilateral cavernous hemangioma appears to be more frequent than as predicted by the literature. In our opinion the main reason of this incongruence is related to technological advances. Our results could also be related to carelessness of radiologists to inspect the other orbit for possible concomitant lesions, and thus invites to major attention in exploring both orbits for eventual bilateral lesions. PMID:17644295

  1. Pharmacological therapies for infantile hemangiomas: A clinical study in 853 consecutive patients using a standard treatment algorithm

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Ling; Yuan, Wei-En; Zheng, Jia-Wei

    2016-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common infantile benign vascular tumor. While most infantile hemangiomas proliferate then involute, some may persist and require treatment for reasons including risk of disfigurement or functional impairment. Treatments currently include observation, pharmacological therapy, laser, cryosurgery, surgery and radiotherapy. Although pharmacological therapy is a well accepted treatment option, limited studies have evaluated the efficacy of different drug therapies. In this study, we compare different pharmacological modalities in the management of infantile hemangiomas. The study included 853 infants with proliferative infantile hemangiomas who were treated with topical timolol, oral propranolol, intralesional pingyangmycin, or intravenous vincristine from 2009 to 2012. Treatment stratification was based on clinical severity of the tumor. Response to the treatment was clinically evaluated and graded as: excellent, good, poor, or no response. Response to pharmacological therapies was excellent in almost all infantile hemangiomas. In addition, patients younger than 8 months responded highly to pharmacological treatment (89.1%), while patients older than 8 months were less responsive to treatment (36.3%). There were no instances of life-threatening complications. Overall, these findings support the efficacy of timolol, propranolol, pingyangmycin and vincristine in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas, especially in the youngest patient cohort (8 months or younger). PMID:26876800

  2. Giant resonances - why protons

    SciTech Connect

    Bertrand, F.E.

    1983-01-01

    Protons excite giant resonances, indeed the systematic establishment of the existence of the first non-dipole giant resonance, the giant quadrupole resonance (GQR) came from the use of inelastic proton scatering. The question addressed, however, is how does the proton stack up for such studies when compared to the use of other hadronic probes. What can we uniquely learn about giant multipole resonances using proton scattering. Specifically, results from (p, p'), and (..cap alpha.., ..cap alpha..') and (/sup 16/o, /sup 16/O') reactions are compared as regards excitation of giant multipole resonances, and some of the advantages and disadvantages to the use of each probe are detailed. It is hoped to leave the impression that it is in the determination of resonance multipolarity by comparison of measured and calculated angular distributions that the proton is a winner. It is shown what we are learning about high-L (L > 3) giant resonances using the (p, p') angular distribution. This discussion will generally be limited to isoscalar electric (i.e., T = 0, S = 0) giant resonances.

  3. Giant Pulses - A Brief Review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnston, S.; Romani, R. W.

    We briefly review observational manifestations of pulsars with giant pulse emission and consider quasi-giant pulse phenomena in other pulsars. We argue that power-law statistics give the best definition of giant pulses. Finally, we speculate as to the origin of the giant pulses and a possible link with high energy emission.

  4. Unstable giant gravitons

    SciTech Connect

    Mello Koch, Robert de; Ives, Norman; Smolic, Jelena; Smolic, Milena

    2006-03-15

    We find giant graviton solutions in Frolov's three parameter generalization of the Lunin-Maldacena background. The background we study has {gamma}-tilde{sub 1}=0 and {gamma}-tilde{sub 2}={gamma}-tilde{sub 3}={gamma}-tilde. This class of backgrounds provides a nonsupersymmetric example of the gauge theory/gravity correspondence that can be tested quantitatively, as recently shown by Frolov, Roiban, and Tseytlin. The giant graviton solutions we find have a greater energy than the point gravitons, making them unstable states. Despite this, we find striking quantitative agreement between the gauge theory and gravity descriptions of open strings attached to the giant.

  5. GIANT PITYRIASIS ROSEA

    PubMed Central

    Zawar, Vijay

    2010-01-01

    Pityriasis rosea is a frequent papulo-squamous disease and is known for various atypical clinical presentations. We report an adult female patient with a clinical diagnosis of giant pityriasis rosea, which is a rarity in clinical practice. PMID:20606895

  6. The Giant Cell.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stockdale, Dennis

    1998-01-01

    Provides directions for the construction of giant plastic cells, including details for building and installing the organelles. Also contains instructions for preparing the ribosomes, nucleolus, nucleus, and mitochondria. (DDR)

  7. Mistletoe hepatitis.

    PubMed Central

    Harvey, J; Colin-Jones, D G

    1981-01-01

    A 49-year-old woman presented with nausea, general malaise, and a dull ache in the right hypochondrium. Liver biopsy showed slight inflammatory-cell infiltration, and results of liver function tests suggested hepatitis. Hepatitis B surface antigen was not detected, and a cholecystogram was normal. Two years later she presented with similar symptoms, and both illnesses were found to have occurred after ingestion of a herbal remedy containing kelp, motherwort, skullcap, and mistletoe. A challenge test established this to be the cause of the illness. Mistletoe is the only constituent of the tablets known to contain any potential toxin and thus was probably the cause of the illness. Mistletoe is widely used in herbal remedies, whose ingestion may therefore cause hepatitis. Images FIG 1 FIG 2 PMID:6779941

  8. Hepatic hydrothorax.

    PubMed

    Siddappa, Pradeep Kumar; Kar, Premashish

    2009-01-01

    Hepatic hydrothorax is defined as significant pleural effusion (usually greater than 500 mL) in a cirrhotic patient, in the absence of underlying pulmonary or cardiac disease. The diagnosis of hepatic hydrothorax should be suspected in a patient with established cirrhosis and portal hypertension, presenting with unilateral pleural effusion, most commonly right-sided. Hydrothorax is uncommon, and is found in 4-6% of all patients with cirrhosis and up to 10% in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Although ascites is usually present, hydrothorax can occur in the absence of ascites. Patients with hepatic hydrothorax usually have advanced liver disease with portal hypertension and most of them require liver transplantation. Current insight into the pathogenesis of this entity has led to improved treatment modalities such as portosystemic shunts (TIPS) and video-assisted thoracoscopy for closure of diaphragmatic defects. These modalities may provide a bridge towards transplantation. PMID:20306741

  9. Giant planet magnetospheres

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bagenal, Fran

    1992-01-01

    The classification of the giant planet magnetospheres into two varieties is examined: the large symmetric magnetospheres of Jupiter and Saturn and the smaller irregular ones of Uranus and Neptune. The characteristics of the plasma and the current understanding of the magnetospheric processes are considered for each planet. The energetic particle populations, radio emissions, and remote sensing of magnetospheric processes in the giant planet magneotospheres are discussed.

  10. [Ischemic hepatitis].

    PubMed

    van Riel, J M; Kerremans, A L

    1992-10-17

    Triggered by a case of ischaemic hepatitis (shock liver) in a patient with severe respiratory insufficiency, we tried to gather information about clinical characteristics and incidence. To our surprise, this information could be found neither in major critical care, medical or gastroenterology textbooks nor in textbook indices or works on differential diagnosis. From Sept. 1989 to May 1990 we studied all possible cases of ischaemic hepatitis in a 390 bed general hospital, to establish incidence. Using computerised data from the clinical chemistry laboratory, all patients with grossly abnormal liver function tests were identified. In this nine-month period 27 adult patients had a peak ALAT level of > 500 U/l: 8 of these suffered from ischaemic hepatitis, using the criteria described by Gibson et al. In another 5 this diagnosis was suspected but could not be ascertained before death (30% and 18% of all cases). In all these cases ASAT, ALAT, LDH levels were 8-100 times normal, but bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transferase and prothrombin time were only slightly abnormal. With correction of the underlying disorder enzyme levels returned to normal very rapidly, in 5-10 days. Ischaemic hepatitis could easily be distinguished from other causes such as alcoholic, viral or drug-induced hepatitis. Ischaemic hepatitis was the most frequent cause of severely elevated ASAT, ALAT and LDH in hospitalised patients. The diagnosis can easily be made on clinical characteristics and the typical biochemical pattern. An elaborate work-up or invasive procedure is redundant. Prognosis per se is excellent but depends on the underlying disorder. PMID:1407210

  11. A case of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma in Sturge-Weber syndrome in China

    PubMed Central

    Yin, Xiao-Lei; Ye, Jian; Yuan, Rong-Di; Ji, Shu-Xing

    2011-01-01

    We present a case of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma (CCH) in Sturge-Weber syndrome in a 30-year-old woman with congenital port-wine stains on the left side of face involving the upper eyelid, cheek and the nose, and she had undergone facial hemangioma surgery 3 years ago suggestive of Sturge-Weber syndrome. She presented with a 1-month history of rapidly decreased visual acuity (VA) to counting fingers in the left eye which had no prior history of visual problem. And there was no evidence of glaucoma. At 3 months after the treatment of the standard photodynamic therapy (PDT) the VA was 20/200. For some reasons, we have no idea about the changes of tumor thickness and subretinal fluid. We confirmed the curative effect of PDT treatment for CCH because of the significantly improved VA in the bad eye. PMID:22553645

  12. Multiple Successful Angioembolizations for Refractory Cardiac Failure in a Preterm with Rapidly Involuting Congenital Hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Sur, Amitava; Manraj, Heran; Lavoie, Pascal M; Lim, Ken; Courtemanche, Douglas; Brooks, Paul; Albersheim, Susan

    2016-03-01

    Rapidly involuting congenital hemangiomas (RICH) are the commonest variety of congenital hemangioma, often diagnosed antenatally as high-flow arteriovenous shunts causing hemodynamic compromise to the fetus. The postnatal management of such patients is often challenging. We present the case of an infant boy who was delivered prematurely at 29 weeks of gestation due to fetal compromise by a RICH, with features of high-output cardiac failure and major systemic hemodynamic steal from peripheral organs. Two early angioembolizations were required to manage his high-output cardiac failure. To our knowledge, this infant is the smallest and earliest newborn case of successful angioembolization for a complex, life-threatening vascular anomaly. We discuss the interventional dilemmas regarding the optimal timing of delivery and early embolization. PMID:26929881

  13. Aggressive hemangioma of the spine in a pregnant female: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Demirkale, İsmail; De Iure, Federico; Terzi, Silvia; Gasbarrini, Alessandro

    2016-04-01

    Type and timing of treatment for symptomatic hemangiomas in pregnant females are challenging due to fetus survival and conflicts in neurological recovery. In this article, we report a 40-year-old female patient at pregnancy week 23 with a complicated hemangioma at T1 level. Physical examination revealed an incomplete spastic paraplegia. Patient did not accept any surgery due to child's death risk. Patient was started corticoid treatment and no more weight bearing was allowed. At the 28th week of pregnancy, the patient underwent cesarean section immediately followed by selective arterial embolization, decompression, fixation, and radiotherapy. At two-year follow-up, the patient was pain free, without any signs of local recurrence and with complete neurological recovery. A multidisciplinary approach is mandatory to save the life of the fetus without damaging the spinal cord functions of the mother. PMID:26874635

  14. Multiple Successful Angioembolizations for Refractory Cardiac Failure in a Preterm with Rapidly Involuting Congenital Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Sur, Amitava; Manraj, Heran; Lavoie, Pascal M.; Lim, Ken; Courtemanche, Douglas; Brooks, Paul; Albersheim, Susan

    2016-01-01

    Rapidly involuting congenital hemangiomas (RICH) are the commonest variety of congenital hemangioma, often diagnosed antenatally as high-flow arteriovenous shunts causing hemodynamic compromise to the fetus. The postnatal management of such patients is often challenging. We present the case of an infant boy who was delivered prematurely at 29 weeks of gestation due to fetal compromise by a RICH, with features of high-output cardiac failure and major systemic hemodynamic steal from peripheral organs. Two early angioembolizations were required to manage his high-output cardiac failure. To our knowledge, this infant is the smallest and earliest newborn case of successful angioembolization for a complex, life-threatening vascular anomaly. We discuss the interventional dilemmas regarding the optimal timing of delivery and early embolization. PMID:26929881

  15. Primary Intraosseous Cavernous Hemangioma of the Clivus: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Gologorsky, Yakov; Shrivastava, Raj K.; Panov, Fedor; Mascitelli, Justin; Signore, Anthony Del; Govindaraj, Satish; Smethurst, Mark; Bronster, David J.

    2013-01-01

    Primary intraosseous hemangiomas are benign, vascular malformations that account for approximately 1% of all primary bone neoplasms. These tumors are mostly found in vertebral bodies and are rarely seen in the calvarium, where they represent 0.2% of bony neoplasms. When found in the skull, they tend to present with vague symptoms and do not have the typical radiological findings suggestive of hemangiomas. Because of this, these tumors can be missed in many cases or may be misinterpreted as more ominous lesions like multiple myeloma or osteosarcoma. Involvement of the skull base is exceedingly rare, and presentation with cranial nerve unilateral polyneuropathies has not been reported. We report a patient case with review of recent pertinent literature. PMID:23943715

  16. Photodynamic Therapy for Diffuse Choroidal Hemangioma in Sturge-Weber Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Monteiro, Sílvia; Casal, Inês; Santos, Marinho

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. To report the treatment outcome of photodynamic therapy with verteporfin (PDT) for exudative retinal detachment (RD) associated with diffuse choroidal hemangioma in Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS). Methods. An interventional case report of a 10-year-old girl with SWS who developed an exudative RD (visual acuity hand motions) that was treated with PDT. She was treated with a first session of multispot PDT. Posteriorly, a choroidotomy for drainage of subretinal fluid was created, combined with an intravitreal injection of gas (SF6) and cryoapplication. Finally, a second session of PDT was applied. Results. Subretinal fluid resolved over a period of one year and visual acuity increased to 20/125. Conclusions. PDT is an effective therapeutic option for exudative RD associated with diffuse choroidal hemangioma. PMID:24955093

  17. Near-infrared laser treatment of complicated hemangiomas in children: ten-year clinical experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abushkin, Ivan A.; Privalov, Valeriy A.; Lappa, Alexander V.

    2011-03-01

    Results of application of low invasive laser technology (developed by authors: Proc. SPIE 5863, 107-115 (2005), Russian Federation patent No.2290228 of.27.12.06) to treatment of hemangiomas in children are presented and analyzed in this work. From 2001 the technology was applied to about 1500 children with more than 2000 hemangiomas. Majority of them were complicated ones: belong to cavernous or combined types or (and) were localized on problem places: on face near eyes, nose, and lips, on auricles, on perineum near anus and genitals, in respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. Diode laser with wavelength 920, 970, and 1060 nm at distant and interstitial irradiation were applied. In case of need there applied endoscopes. Excellent and good results have been achieved in 94% cases; there was a significant improvement in the rest cases.

  18. Intracranial aspergillus fumigatus infection complicated with cavernous hemangioma: case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Yuxue; Yu, Jinlu; Li, Guihong; Huang, Haiyan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to report a rare case of Aspergillus fumigatus infection complicated with cavernous hemangioma in the central nervous system of a patient with normal immune function and to investigate its causes. A 60-year-old male patient was admitted three years ago due to meningioma-induced convulsions. In addition to meningioma, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results also suggested the presence of cystic and solid lesions in the left temporal lobe, which was considered to be a brain abscess due to the infection. After antibiotic treatment, the patient underwent meningioma resection, after which no more convulsions occurred. It was recommended that the patient receive treatment on the abscess in the left temporal lobe, but the patient did not consent. He was discharged with follow-up. Recently, the patient returned for treatment due to intermittent headaches with weakness in the right lower extremity for 10 days. MRI results revealed that the lesion in the left temporal lobe had expanded and was associated with abnormality in the midline. Surgical lumpectomy was performed, and the postoperative pathological examination confirmed the brain abscess to be an Aspergillus fumigatus infection complicated with cavernous hemangioma, which indirectly confirmed that the lesion in the temporal lobe three years ago was from the Aspergillus fumigatus infection. On the 7th postoperative day, the patient died due to severe pneumonia. Because the intracranial Aspergillus fumigatus infection in the patient had lasted for three years, with no cavernous hemangioma present at the first assessment but with a lesion evident three years later, the hemangioma is considered to be related to the Aspergillus fumigatus infection.

  19. Surgical management of intracranial capillary hemangiomas in children: report of 2 cases.

    PubMed

    Grabb, Paul A

    2016-03-01

    Two cases of intracranial capillary hemangiomas (ICHs) occurring in children are presented to highlight the surgical challenges encountered with these extremely rare lesions. The author describes their clinical presentation, preoperative imaging features, intraoperative findings, and operative management. The pertinent literature is reviewed. Recommendations for preoperative planning and intraoperative management are made based on the author's experience and the literature for when ICH is considered in the differential diagnosis and encountered intraoperatively. PMID:26565944

  20. Endoscopic transnasal cryo-assisted removal of an orbital cavernous hemangioma: a technical note.

    PubMed

    Campbell, P G; Yadla, S; Rosen, M; Bilyk, J R; Murchison, A P; Evans, J J

    2011-02-01

    The cryoprobe device is commonly used by orbital surgeons for the extraction of intraorbital lesions. Cryoprobes provide a safe mechanism to manipulate fluid-filled tumors. Such lesions can present in locations in which intraoperative neurosurgical assistance is essential. The authors describe a technique whereby removal of an orbital hemangioma was facilitated by the aid of an endoscopic, transnasal cryoprobe while standard microsurgical dissection was performed concurrently via a transconjunctival approach. PMID:21509724

  1. Intraosseous mandibular hemangioma. A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Gmez Oliveira, Guillermo; Garca-Rozado, Alvaro; Luaces Rey, Ramn

    2008-08-01

    Intraosseous vascular lesions are rare conditions, comprising only 0.5% to 1% of all intraosseous tumors. They mainly occur in the second decade of life especially in women. The most common locations are the vertebral column and skull; nevertheless, the mandible is a quite rare location. According to the World Health Organization, hemangiomas are benign vasoformative neoplasms of endothelial origin. However, the origin of central hemangioma is debatable. Some authors believe that it is a true neoplasm, whereas others state it is a hamartomatous lesion. Clinically, the patient may be completely symptom-free or may present discomfort, pulsatile bleeding, bluish discoloration, mobile teeth, derangement of the arch form or accelerated dental exfoliation. Most frequently radiographic finding is a multilocular radiolucent image with honeycombs or soap bubble appearance. Differential diagnosis includes neoplasms such as ameloblastoma, cystic lesions such as residual cyst, keratocyst and fibro-osseous lesions such as fibrous dysplasia. There are some therapeutic alternatives, although wide surgical excision remains as the gold standard. We now present a case report of a 51-year-old woman diagnosed in a mandibular hemangioma. Clinical, radiological and histological features of this unusual tumor are described. PMID:18667983

  2. Ultrasound-guided interstitial Nd:YAG laser therapy of cavernous hemangiomas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoffmann, Peter; Offergeld, Christian F.; Huettenbrink, Karl-Bernd; Hackert, I.; Scholz, A.

    1995-05-01

    Preoperative embolization and excision used to be standard therapy amongst a wide range of other more or less successful methods for the treatment of voluminous hemangiomas. Nowadays a combination of argon, tunable dye, copper vapor and Nd:YAG laser therapy achieves better cosmetic and functional results. Due to its limited penetration depth percutaneous laser therapy can only be utilized for superficial vascular malformations. Interstitial laser therapy, as performed with the Nd:YAG laser, allows treatment of voluminous hemangiomas in their full extent. The localization of these vascular lesions is evaluated by high resolution ultrasound with a new anular array scanner which ensures the precise intraoperative placement of the laser light fiber in the target tissue. Modified new light applicators improve the interstitial thermotherapy of hemangiomas. The tip design of the scattering-dome fiber allows diffuse circumferential irradiation with larger defined coagulation volume and minimized carbonization. Continuous intraoperative sonographic monitoring lowers the risk of damaging adjacent intact anatomical structures, helps to reach all tumor areas an to estimate the effect of the applied laser light caused by changes of sonomorphology. The postoperative outcome is evaluated by B-mode sonography and the new technique of ultrasound color angiography.

  3. Propranolol enhanced adipogenesis instead of induction of apoptosis of hemangiomas stem cells

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Xiaorong; Zhao, Tinghui; Ouyang, Tianxiang; Xin, Shujia; Ma, Yueting; Chang, Mengling

    2014-01-01

    Propranolol has been widely used in treating infantile hemangiomas (IHs). But recurrence of IHs was found in some cases on cessation of propranolol treatment. The other is that Chinese individuals reacted to propranolol differently from American Whites. Whether the difference of sensitivity is due to the ? adrenoceptor (?-AR) expression pattern of hemangioma initiating cells remains unclear. In the present study, we isolated hemangioma-derived stem cells (hemSCs) from proliferative IHs and analyzed the biological characteristics and ?-AR expression pattern of hemSCs by immunostaining, Western blotting and multilineage differentiation assay as well. We also tested the effects of propranolol on hemSCs by evaluating VEGF expression, proliferation and apoptosis related parameters. Our results indicated that CD133+ hemSCs located pre-vascular in proiferative IH tissues. Both ?1 and ?2-AR were expressed, while ?2-AR was dominant on hemSCs. Propranolol at 100-150 ?M inhibited proliferation of hemSCs, not did 50 ?M. Propranolol down-regulated VEGF expression of hemSCs, instead of inducing apoptosis. The adipogenic potential was enhanced by propranolol. Therefore, our current results suggested propranolol could not induce apoptosis of hemSCs, but played a curative role though suppressing VEGF synthesis and enhancement of adipogenesis of hemSCs. Our results might partially provide the insight of mechanism of relapse in some cases on cessation of propranolol treatment. PMID:25120757

  4. Oral propranolol combined with topical timolol for compound infantile hemangiomas: a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Ge, Jing; Zheng, Jiawei; Zhang, Ling; Yuan, Weien; Zhao, Haiguang

    2016-01-01

    Compound infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are problematic and usually require intervention. This retrospective study aimed to introduce a combined therapy of oral propranolol and topical timolol, and evaluate its efficacy and safety. Eighty-nine infants with compound IHs were treated with oral propranolol 2?mg/kg/day divided 2 times per day and timolol maleate 0.5% gel 3 times per day, for at least 3 months. Two observers evaluated the hemangioma independently at 0, 1, 3, 6, 9 months after the initiation of treatment. Changes in the hemangioma score values were evaluated using paired t test. Rebound growth and adverse effects were recorded. After treatment was completed, this combined therapy achieved clinical response in 100% of the patients (89/89). Significant positive effects were demonstrated at 1, 3, 6 months (p?

  5. Acute recurrence of orbital cavernous hemangioma in a young man: a case report.

    PubMed

    Meena, Manju; Naik, Milind; Honavar, Santosh

    2012-01-01

    A 29-year-old man presented with a history of prominent left eye of 6 months' duration. He also reported fluctuating blurred vision since 15 days ago. On examination, proptosis of 3 mm was noted in the left eye. Computed tomography (CT scan) of the orbits showed a well-circumscribed, hyperdense, intraconal mass lesion in left orbit, located in the inferotemporal quadrant. Orbitotomy was performed, and the tumor was delivered with an intact capsule. The clinical diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma was confirmed on histopathologic examination. The presence of intact capsule was confirmed grossly and with histopathology. The patient returned 6 weeks after surgery with recurrent proptosis. Repeated CT scan showed a recurrent intraconal mass of similar characteristics as in the primary presentation. A repeated orbitotomy was done, and the tumor was removed intact. Histopathology of the recurrent tumor confirmed the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma. We report a rare case of orbital cavernous hemangioma with short-term recurrence (6 weeks). PMID:22082599

  6. Oral propranolol combined with topical timolol for compound infantile hemangiomas: a retrospective study

    PubMed Central

    Ge, Jing; Zheng, Jiawei; Zhang, Ling; Yuan, Weien; Zhao, Haiguang

    2016-01-01

    Compound infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are problematic and usually require intervention. This retrospective study aimed to introduce a combined therapy of oral propranolol and topical timolol, and evaluate its efficacy and safety. Eighty-nine infants with compound IHs were treated with oral propranolol 2 mg/kg/day divided 2 times per day and timolol maleate 0.5% gel 3 times per day, for at least 3 months. Two observers evaluated the hemangioma independently at 0, 1, 3, 6, 9 months after the initiation of treatment. Changes in the hemangioma score values were evaluated using paired t test. Rebound growth and adverse effects were recorded. After treatment was completed, this combined therapy achieved clinical response in 100% of the patients (89/89). Significant positive effects were demonstrated at 1, 3, 6 months (p < 0.001), but not obvious after 6 months (p = 0.06). The response of IHs to the therapy was depending on the age at initial treatment. The average treatment duration was 6.48 (5.77–7.19) months. One patient (1.1%) relapsed after cessation of 6-month treatment, and 7 children (7.8%) developed side effects. Our study suggested that oral propranolol combined with topical timolol treatment is very effective and well-tolerated for compound IHs, which can be used as a first line treatment. PMID:26819072

  7. [A Case of Brainstem Cavernous Hemangioma Showing False Positive Response to Electromyographic Tracheal Tube].

    PubMed

    Kadoya, Tatsuo; Yamamoto, Toshinori; Uehara, Hirofumi; Kinoshita, Yuki; Shiraishi, Munehiro; Joyashiki, Takeshi; Watake, Tomoko; Enokida, Kengo

    2015-08-01

    Brainstem cavernous hemangioma is a complex lesion associated with hemorrhage and neurological deficit. The damage of the vagus nerve is a devastating surgical complication. Therefore, intraoperative anatomical and functional evaluation of this nerve is crucial. We used electromyographic tracheal tube (EMG tube)to monitor electromyogram from the vocal cord. We report a case of brainstem cavernous hemangioma showing false positive response to EMG tube. A 66-year-old woman underwent resection of cavernous hemangioma in the pontine tegmentum. General anesthesia was induced with remifentanl, propofol, and suxamethonium, and was maintained with oxygen, air, remifentanil and propofol. We monitored somatosensory evoked potentials, motor evoked potentials, and electromyogram of the vocal cord, orbicularis oculi, orbicularis oris and lateral rectus. When the manipulation reached brainstem, slight spontaneous respiration (SR) appeared on capnogram. Simultaneously, an alarm rang. Exposed nerves were stimulated electrically. However, there was no electromyographic response on the vocal cord. We concluded that the cause was SR accompanied by vocal cord movement. Remifentanil was increased up to 1 μg x kg(-1) x min(-1). SR did not disappear. Remifentanil was not increased any more without hindering the operation. Her operative course was uneventful. It is necessary to pay attention to false positive response caused by SR with EMG tube. PMID:26442411

  8. Central Retinal and Posterior Ciliary Artery Occlusion After Intralesional Injection of Sclerosant to Glabellar Subcutaneous Hemangioma

    SciTech Connect

    Matsuo, Toshihiko; Fujiwara, Hiroyasu; Gobara, Hideo; Mimura, Hidefumi; Kanazawa, Susumu

    2009-03-15

    The aim of this study is to describe vision loss caused by central retinal artery and posterior ciliary artery occlusion as a consequence of sclerotherapy with a polidocanol injection to a glabellar hemangioma. An 18-year-old man underwent direct injection with a 23-gauge needle of 1 mL of a polidocanol-carbon dioxide emulsion into the glabellar subcutaneous hemangioma under ultrasound visualization of the needle tip by radiologists. He developed lid swelling the next day, and 3 days later at referral, the visual acuity in the left eye was no light perception. Funduscopy revealed central retinal artery occlusion and fluorescein angiography disclosed no perfusion at all in the left fundus, indicating concurrent posterior ciliary artery occlusion. The patient also showed mydriasis, blepharoptosis, and total external ophthalmoplegia on the left side. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the swollen medial rectus muscle. In a month, blepharoptosis and ophthalmoplegia resolved but the visual acuity remained no light perception. Sclerosing therapy for facial hemangioma may develop a severe complication such as permanent visual loss.

  9. Rare case of adult pancreatic hemangioma and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Tao; Yang, Cheng

    2015-01-01

    Pancreatic hemangiomas are a rare type of cystic tumor, with very few cases reported in the literature. Herein, we present the case of a 28-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital for abdominal pain. A physical examination failed to reveal any abnormalities that could explain her symptoms. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a multilocular cyst with moderately enhanced septa and fluid-fluid levels in the body and tail of the pancreas. A serous cystadenoma or pseudocyst of the pancreas was initially suspected, and the patient underwent a subtotal pancreatectomy and splenectomy. The pathologic diagnosis was a pancreatic hemangioma. This is the second case of pancreatic hemangioma with fluid-fluid levels reported in the literature. Upon imaging, the presentation of this tumor can resemble serous or mucinous cystadenomas, pseudocysts of the pancreas, and side-branch type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. This report reviews the clinical symptoms, radiologic features, pathologic characteristics, differential diagnoses, and treatment of this rare lesion type. PMID:26290651

  10. [Hepatic tumors].

    PubMed

    Moser, K; Dittrich, C; Pirich, P; Schneeweiss, B

    1983-01-01

    In this paper aspects concerning epidemiology, pathophysiology, laboratory diagnosis and treatment modalities of primary hepatomas and secondary tumors of the liver are discussed. As results obtained with conventional chemotherapy are unsatisfying special emphasis is put on the new therapeutic methods of intraarterial and intravenous cytostatic perfusion via hepatic artery and portal vein respectively. Additionally our own clinical and laboratory datas are presented. PMID:6195884

  11. Hepatitis B

    MedlinePLUS

    ... can get the virus if you have unprotected sexual contact with an infected partner. People who use intravenous (IV) drugs can get hepatitis B when they share needles with someone who has the virus. Health care workers (such as nurses, lab technicians and doctors) can ...

  12. Complete genome sequence of an avian leukosis virus isolate associated with hemangioma and myeloid leukosis in egg-type and meat-type chickens

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A new virus isolate was separated from a commercial egg-type flock of chickens in China and was determined as subgroup J avian leukosis virus (ALV-J). ALV-J is known to cause myeloid leukosis. But this new isolate of viruses causes both hemangioma and myeloid leukosis in chickens. Hemangioma is an a...

  13. Diagnosis and treatment of cavernous hemangioma of the internal auditory canal.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Wei Dong; Huang, Qi; Li, Xi Ye; Chen, Hong Sai; Wang, Zhao Yan; Wu, Hao

    2016-03-01

    OBJECT Cavernous hemangioma of the internal auditory canal (IAC) is an extremely rare type of tumor, and only 50 cases have been reported in the literature prior to this study. The aim in this study was to describe the symptomatology, radiological features, and surgical outcomes for patients with cavernous hemangioma of the IAC and to discuss the diagnostic criteria and treatment strategy for the disease. METHODS The study included 6 patients with cavernous hemangioma of the IAC. All patients presented with sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus, and 2 also suffered from vertigo. Five patients reported a history of facial symptoms with hemispasm or palsy: 3 had progressive facial weakness, 1 had a hemispasm, and 1 had a history of recovery from sudden facial paresis. All patients underwent CT and MRI to rule out intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas and facial nerve neuromas. Five patients had their tumors surgically removed, while 1 patient, who did not have facial problems, was followed up with a wait-and-scan approach. RESULTS All patients had a presurgical diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma of the IAC, which was confirmed pathologically in the 5 patients who underwent surgical removal of the tumor. The translabyrinthine approach was used to remove the tumor in 4 patients, while the middle cranial fossa approach was used in the 1 patient who still had functional hearing. Tumors adhered to cranial nerves VII and/or VIII and were difficult to dissect from nerve sheaths during surgeries. Complete hearing loss occurred in all 5 patients. In 3 patients, the facial nerve could not be separated from the tumor, and primary end-to-end anastomosis was performed. Intact facial nerve preservation was achieved in 2 patients. Patients were followed up for at least 1 year after treatment, and MRI showed no evidence of tumor regrowth. All patients experienced some level of recovery in facial nerve function. CONCLUSIONS Cavernous hemangioma of the IAC can be diagnosed preoperatively through analysis of clinical features and neuroimaging. Early surgical intervention may preserve the functional integrity of the facial nerve and provide a better outcome after nerve reconstruction. However, preservation of functional hearing may not be achieved, even with the retrosigmoid or middle cranial fossa approaches. The translabyrinthine approach seems to be the most appropriate approach overall, as the facial nerve can be easily located and reconstructed. PMID:26406793

  14. Juvenile hemangioma: A case report with an emphasis on its clinical phases (evolution and involution), and immunohistochemically distinctive physiologic differences

    PubMed Central

    Bhagalia, Sanjay R; Pardhe, Nilesh; Gupta, Manu; Jain, Manish

    2011-01-01

    Hemangiomas occupy a grey zone between hamartomatous malformations and true neoplasms. They are frequently designated and regarded as neoplasms because of their usually localized nature and mass effect. Although clearly benign, they can become very large and unsightly, and can even be fatal if they affect vital structures. They almost never become malignant, although a few documented examples of this complication are on record. A high percentage occur in children, manifesting within the first month of life. One half of these cases are in the head and neck area. Hemangiomas have been classified according to their clinical appearance and the caliber of vessel involved, namely, capillary, cavernous and venous. Capillary hemangiomas are made up of small vessels of capillary caliber. One such capillary hemangioma, the juvenile hemangioma (JH), is usually present at birth or appears during the first month and enlarges rapidly during the first few months of life (infancy), only to stop growing when the child is approximately 6 years old. We present one such JH, seen in a 3 year old male child, which appeared when the child was 2 months old. Routine histopathological (H and E) and immunohistochemical analysis (CD 34, CD 31) was done on biopsy received. PMID:22144837

  15. Giant congenital melanocytic nevus*

    PubMed Central

    Viana, Ana Carolina Leite; Gontijo, Bernardo; Bittencourt, Flvia Vasques

    2013-01-01

    Giant congenital melanocytic nevus is usually defined as a melanocytic lesion present at birth that will reach a diameter ? 20 cm in adulthood. Its incidence is estimated in <1:20,000 newborns. Despite its rarity, this lesion is important because it may associate with severe complications such as malignant melanoma, affect the central nervous system (neurocutaneous melanosis), and have major psychosocial impact on the patient and his family due to its unsightly appearance. Giant congenital melanocytic nevus generally presents as a brown lesion, with flat or mammilated surface, well-demarcated borders and hypertrichosis. Congenital melanocytic nevus is primarily a clinical diagnosis. However, congenital nevi are histologically distinguished from acquired nevi mainly by their larger size, the spread of the nevus cells to the deep layers of the skin and by their more varied architecture and morphology. Although giant congenital melanocytic nevus is recognized as a risk factor for the development of melanoma, the precise magnitude of this risk is still controversial. The estimated lifetime risk of developing melanoma varies from 5 to 10%. On account of these uncertainties and the size of the lesions, the management of giant congenital melanocytic nevus needs individualization. Treatment may include surgical and non-surgical procedures, psychological intervention and/or clinical follow-up, with special attention to changes in color, texture or on the surface of the lesion. The only absolute indication for surgery in giant congenital melanocytic nevus is the development of a malignant neoplasm on the lesion. PMID:24474093

  16. [Hepatic encephalopathy].

    PubMed

    Jacques, Jrmie; Carrier, Paul; Debette-Gratien, Marilyne; Sobesky, Rodolphe; Loustaud-Ratti, Vronique

    2016-01-01

    Hepatic encephalopathy is a severe complication of liver cirrhosis and is an important therapeutic challenge, with a social and economic issue. If, now, the pathophysiology is not totally understood (main role of ammonia, but a better understanding of cerebral mechanisms), the clinical presentation is well-known. Some treatments are useful (disaccharides, treatment of the trigger) but their efficiency is limited. Nevertheless, the emergence of new treatments, such as non-absorbable antibiotics (rifaximin essentially), is an interesting therapeutic tool. PMID:26597584

  17. An innocent giant.

    PubMed

    Solanki, Lakhan Singh; Dhingra, Mandeep; Raghubanshi, Gunjan; Thami, Gurvinder Pal

    2014-11-01

    A cutaneous horn (cornu cutaneum) is a protrusion from the skin composed of a cornified material. It may be associated with a benign, premalignant, or malignant lesion at the base, masking numerous dermatoses. In a 24-year-old female, a giant cutaneous horn arising from a seborrheic keratosis located on the leg is presented. This case has been reported to emphasize that a giant cutaneous horn may also occur in young patients, even in photoprotected areas, and are not always associated with malignancy. PMID:25484426

  18. Giant perigenital seborrheic keratosis.

    PubMed

    Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata; Saha, Abanti; Mishra, Vivek

    2015-01-01

    Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is a very common benign epidermal proliferation that is prevalent in all races. Most commonly occurring on the trunk, face, scalp, and the extremities, they can occur anywhere on the body except the palms and soles. The most common appearance is that of a very superficial verrucous plaque which appears to be stuck on the surface. Giant lesions are very rare, and their location on the genital area is rarer still. We report here a case of multiple giant SK lesions in a 59-year-old man. PMID:25657917

  19. Congenital giant melanocytic nevi

    PubMed Central

    Hashmi, Ghulam S; Ahmed, Syed S; Khan, Shahla

    2009-01-01

    Nevi are common skin tumors caused by abnormal overgrowth of cells from the epidermal and dermal layers of the skin. Most nevi are benign, but some pre-cancerous nevi must be monitored or removed. The giant congenital nevus is greater than 10 cm in size, pigmented and often hairy. Between 4% and 6% of these lesions will develop into a malignant melanoma. Since approximately 50% of the melanoma develop by the age of two, and 80% by the age of seven, early removal is recommended. The objective of this paper is to present a unique case of giant nevi and their surgical management. PMID:21139903

  20. Giant perigenital seborrheic keratosis

    PubMed Central

    Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata; Saha, Abanti; Mishra, Vivek

    2015-01-01

    Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is a very common benign epidermal proliferation that is prevalent in all races. Most commonly occurring on the trunk, face, scalp, and the extremities, they can occur anywhere on the body except the palms and soles. The most common appearance is that of a very superficial verrucous plaque which appears to be stuck on the surface. Giant lesions are very rare, and their location on the genital area is rarer still. We report here a case of multiple giant SK lesions in a 59-year-old man. PMID:25657917

  1. [Autoimmune hepatitis].

    PubMed

    Orts Costa, J A; Ziga Cabrera, A; Alarcn Torres, I

    2004-07-01

    Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a hepatocellular inflammation that is characterised by a wide range of histopathologic (periportal interface hepatitis with plasma cell infiltration and piecemeal necrosis), biochemical (hypertransaminasemia, hypergammaglobulinaemia) and autoimmune (several autoantibodies presence) features. This relatively rare disorder frequently affects middle-aged women. There is no pathognomonic marker for AIH diagnosis, therefore it requires a careful rule out of other causes of liver disease together with the detection of a suggestive pattern of clinical and laboratory abnormalities. Scoring system for AIH diagnosis proposed by International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group has been used as a tool in clinical practice but is not sufficiently exclusive in terms of defining prognosis or treatment. AIH has been classified in two subtypes according to autoantibodies detected: 1 and 2, but this classification results in poor clinical implications. Previously known as subtype 3 is at the present included in subtype 1 because no clinical significant differences has been found between them. Aetiology, and molecular mechanisms still remain to be elucitaded in this disease, although viruses, drugs and molecular mimicry act presumably as a trigger in genetically predisposed patients (associated with HLA-DR3 and DR4 haplotypes). On the other hand, immunosuppressive therapy (corticosteroid or azathioprine) generally offers favourable response. Our aim is to review this disease from different points of view, considering: clinical, histopathological, etiologic, genetic, biochemical, autoimmune, treatment and prognosis features. PMID:15347241

  2. Hepatitis virus panel

    MedlinePLUS

    ... infection or you have received the hepatitis B vaccine and are unlikely to become infected Hepatitis B ... Pawlotsky J-M, Mchutchinson J. Chronic vialr and autoimmune hepatitis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Goldman's ...

  3. Hepatitis B virus (image)

    MedlinePLUS

    Hepatitis B is also known as serum hepatitis and is spread through blood and sexual contact. It is ... population. This photograph is an electronmicroscopic image of hepatitis B virus particles. (Image courtesy of the Centers for ...

  4. Hepatitis C FAQs

    MedlinePLUS

    ... State and Local Partners & Grantees Resource Center Hepatitis C FAQs for the Public Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... URL - Redirecting ... Quick Links to Hepatitis ... A | B | C | D | E Viral Hepatitis Home Statistics & Surveillance Populations & ...

  5. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis A

    MedlinePLUS

    ... on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Chapter 3 - Helminths, Soil-Transmitted Chapter 3 - Hepatitis B Hepatitis A Noele ... 20;2(6):227–30. Chapter 3 - Helminths, Soil-Transmitted Chapter 3 - Hepatitis B File Formats Help: ...

  6. [Role of surgery in the treatment of hemangiomas. A retrospective study apropos of 29 surgically treated children].

    PubMed

    Degardin, N; Martinot, V; Patenotre, P; Brvire, G M; Piette, F; Pellerin, P

    1998-12-01

    Conservative management is usually proposed for common childhood hemangiomas because most lesions resolve spontaneously. The authors report 29 cases of children with hemangiomas treated surgically. Surgical indications were defined at various stages. The study concerned 29 children operated in our pediatric surgery and plastic surgery departments between 1989 and 1995. The average postoperative follow-up was 3 years and 8 months. The average age of the patients was 5 years; two-thirds of children were girls. The hemangioma was a very large lesion, subcutaneous and cutaneous (mixed) in 23 cases, only subcutaneous in 2 cases, only cutaneous in 4 cases, and was located on the face in 19 cases. Six complications (5 ulcerations, 1 Kassabach-Merritt syndrome) were observed. PMID:9972659

  7. Treatment of lip hemangioma using forced dehydration with induced photocoagulation via diode laser: report of three cases.

    PubMed

    Jasper, Juliana; Camilotti, Renata Stifelman; Pagnoncelli, Rogério Miranda; Poli, Vladimir Dourado; da Silveira Gerzson, Alexandre; Gavin Zakszeski, Ana Maria

    2015-03-01

    Several vascular lesions are related to the lip area. There is no universally accepted protocol for the treatment of hemangiomas and vascular malformations. In the oral cavity, high-power lasers represent an excellent therapeutic option for this type of lesion. Their coagulative properties allow for the performance of procedures without the risk of bleeding, which promotes a better healing pattern and a differentiated postoperative appearance. This study describes three cases of lip hemangioma treated with forced dehydration with induced photocoagulation (FDIP) via diode laser. All the reported cases were followed up until complete healing of the operated area had total remission of lesions, with no complications or adverse effects. The findings of the present study suggest that FDIP is effective and useful in the treatment of hemangiomas in the oral cavity. Laser treatment of these lesions prevents their recurrence and is well tolerated by patients. PMID:25577591

  8. Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia as first manifestation of right atrial hemangioma during endovascular treatment of intracranial arteriovenous fistulas

    PubMed Central

    Span, Francesca; Cereda, Alberto; Moreo, Antonella; Bonacina, Edgardo; Peritore, Angelica; Roghi, Alberto; Giannattasio, Cristina; Pedrotti, Patrizia

    2015-01-01

    We report the description of a cardiac mass occupying almost the entire right atrium in a young man who developed paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia during endovascular treatment of intracranial arteriovenous fistulas. The mass was detected at echocardiographic examination, its tissue characteristics were defined with cardiac magnetic resonance and it was successfully surgically removed. The histopathological findings were consistent with a mixed type cavernous-capillary hemangioma of the heart. The intriguing co-existence of cardiac hemangioma and cerebral arteriovenous fistulas, to the best of our knowledge, has not been previously reported in English Literature. PMID:25980444

  9. An infant with Turner-Down aneuploidy and massive capillary hemangioma of the orbit: a case report with review.

    PubMed

    Musarella, M A; Verma, R S

    2001-01-01

    We report on a case of double aneuploidy involving Down and Turner cell lines in a female child with a massive capillary hemangioma of the left orbit and mild clinical features of Down syndrome. Cytogenetic findings with G-banding revealed mosaicism in her peripheral blood, i.e. mos45,X[48]/47,XX,+21[28]/46,XX[12/47,XXX[12]. Mosaicism of such nature is rare and to our knowledge the present case is the first reported of Turner-Down double aneuploidy mosaicism associated with an orbital capillary hemangioma. An annotated bibliography of earlier reported cases with documented karyotyping is also included. PMID:11522243

  10. Finite size giant magnon

    SciTech Connect

    Ramadanovic, Bojan; Semenoff, Gordon W.

    2009-06-15

    The quantization of the giant magnon away from the infinite size limit is discussed. We argue that this quantization inevitably leads to string theory on a Z{sub M} orbifold of S{sup 5}. This is shown explicitly and examined in detail in the near plane-wave limit.

  11. A giant ureteric calculus

    PubMed Central

    Rathod, Rajiv; Bansal, Prashant; Gutta, Srinivas

    2013-01-01

    Ureteric stones are usually small and symptomatic. We present a case of a 35-year old female who presented with minimally symptomatic right distal ureteric calculus with proximal hydroureteronephrosis. Laparoscopic right ureterolithotomy was performed and a giant ureteric calculus measuring 11 cm Χ 1.5 cm, weighing 40 g was retrieved. PMID:24082453

  12. Giant urethral calculus

    PubMed Central

    Kotkar, Kunal; Thakkar, Ravi; Songra, MC

    2011-01-01

    Primary urethral calculus is rarely seen and is usually encountered in men with urethral stricture or diverticulum. We present a case of giant urethral calculus secondary to a urethral stricture in a man. The patient was treated with calculus extraction with end to end urethroplasty. PMID:24950400

  13. A Council of Giants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCall, Marshall L.

    2014-05-01

    Distances and near-infrared luminosities of the brightest galaxies in the Local Volume have been re-evaluated in order to gain a fully homogeneous collection of data for elucidating the framework of the Local Sheet and its relevance to Local Group evolution. It is demonstrated that the Local Sheet is both geometrically and dynamically distinct from the Local Supercluster and that the evolution of the Sheet and Local Group were probably interconnected. The Sheet is inclined by 8 with respect to the Local Supercluster, and the dispersion of giant members about the mid-plane is only 230 kpc. A `Council of Giants' with a radius of 3.75 Mpc encompasses the Local Group, demarcating a clear upper limit to the realm of influence of the Local Group. The only two giant elliptical galaxies in the Sheet sit on opposite sides of the Council, raising the possibility that they have somehow shepherded the evolution of the Local Group. The position vector of the Andromeda galaxy with respect to the Milky Way deviates only 11 from the Sheet plane and only 11 from the projected axis of the ellipticals. The Local Group appears to be moving away from a ridge in the potential surface of the Council on a path parallel to the elliptical axis. Spin directions of the giants in the Council are distributed over the sky in a pattern which is very different from that of giants beyond, possibly in reaction to the central mass asymmetry that developed into the Local Group. By matching matter densities of Group and Council giants, the edge of the volume of space most likely to have contributed to the development of the Local Group is shown to be very close to where gravitational forces from the Local Group and the Council balance. The boundary specification reveals that the Local Sheet formed out of a density perturbation of very low amplitude (10 per cent), but that normal matter was incorporated into galaxies with relatively high efficiency (40 per cent). It appears that the development of the giants of the Local Sheet was guided by a pre-existing flattened framework of matter.

  14. Feature Hepatitis: Hepatitis Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

    MedlinePLUS

    ... many NIDDK research projects related to hepatitis and liver disease: A recent study concluded that about half of patients with chronic hepatitis C recovered after receiving initial treatments from ...

  15. Retrospective case series of the imaging findings of facial nerve hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Yue, Yunlong; Jin, Yanfang; Yang, Bentao; Yuan, Hui; Li, Jiandong; Wang, Zhenchang

    2015-09-01

    The aim was to compare high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and thin-section magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of facial nerve hemangioma. The HRCT and MRI characteristics of 17 facial nerve hemangiomas diagnosed between 2006 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients included in the study suffered from a space-occupying lesion of soft tissues at the geniculate ganglion fossa. Affected nerve was compared for size and shape with the contralateral unaffected nerve. HRCT showed irregular expansion and broadening of the facial nerve canal, damage of the bone wall and destruction of adjacent bone, with "point"-like or "needle"-like calcifications in 14 cases. The average CT value was 320.9 141.8 Hu. Fourteen patients had a widened labyrinthine segment; 6/17 had a tympanic segment widening; 2/17 had a greater superficial petrosal nerve canal involvement, and 2/17 had an affected internal auditory canal (IAC) segment. On MRI, all lesions were significantly enhanced due to high blood supply. Using 2D FSE T2WI, the lesion detection rate was 82.4 % (14/17). 3D fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (3D FIESTA) revealed the lesions in all patients. HRCT showed that the average number of involved segments in the facial nerve canal was 2.41, while MRI revealed an average of 2.70 segments (P < 0.05). HRCT and MR findings of facial nerve hemangioma were typical, revealing irregular masses growing along the facial nerve canal, with calcifications and rich blood supply. Thin-section enhanced MRI was more accurate in lesion detection and assessment compared with HRCT. PMID:25108340

  16. Initiation and Use of Propranolol for Infantile Hemangioma: Report of a Consensus Conference

    PubMed Central

    Frommelt, Peter C.; Chamlin, Sarah L.; Haggstrom, Anita; Bauman, Nancy M.; Chiu, Yvonne E.; Chun, Robert H.; Garzon, Maria C.; Holland, Kristen E.; Liberman, Leonardo; MacLellan-Tobert, Susan; Mancini, Anthony J.; Metry, Denise; Puttgen, Katherine B.; Seefeldt, Marcia; Sidbury, Robert; Ward, Kendra M.; Blei, Francine; Baselga, Eulalia; Cassidy, Laura; Darrow, David H.; Joachim, Shawna; Kwon, Eun-Kyung M.; Martin, Kari; Perkins, Jonathan; Siegel, Dawn H.; Boucek, Robert J.; Frieden, Ilona J.

    2013-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are common neoplasms composed of proliferating endothelial-like cells. Despite the relative frequency of IH and the potential severity of complications, there are currently no uniform guidelines for treatment. Although propranolol has rapidly been adopted, there is significant uncertainty and divergence of opinion regarding safety monitoring, dose escalation, and its use in PHACE syndrome (PHACE = posterior fossa, hemangioma, arterial lesions, cardiac abnormalities, eye abnormalities; a cutaneous neurovascular syndrome characterized by large, segmental hemangiomas of the head and neck along with congenital anomalies of the brain, heart, eyes and/or chest wall). A consensus conference was held on December 9, 2011. The multidisciplinary team reviewed existing data on the pharmacologic properties of propranolol and all published reports pertaining to the use of propranolol in pediatric patients. Workgroups were assigned specific topics to propose protocols on the following subjects: contraindications, special populations, pretreatment evaluation, dose escalation, and monitoring. Consensus protocols were recorded during the meeting and refined after the meeting. When appropriate, protocol clarifications and revision were made and agreed upon by the group via teleconference. Because of the absence of high-quality clinical research data, evidence-based recommendations are not possible at present. However, the team agreed on a number of recommendations that arose from a review of existing evidence, including when to treat complicated IH; contraindications and pretreatment evaluation protocols; propranolol use in PHACE syndrome; formulation, target dose, and frequency of propranolol; initiation of propranolol in infants; cardiovascular monitoring; ongoing monitoring; and prevention of hypoglycemia. Where there was considerable controversy, the more conservative approach was selected. We acknowledge that the recommendations are conservative in nature and anticipate that they will be revised as more data are made available. PMID:23266923

  17. Hepatitis A.

    PubMed

    Brundage, Stephanie C; Fitzpatrick, A Nicole

    2006-06-15

    The introduction of hepatitis A vaccines in 1995 led to a drop in the number of reported cases of hepatitis A and a shift to a higher percentage of cases occurring in older age groups. The hepatitis A virus survives for extended periods in the environment. Transmission primarily is fecal-oral, although there have been rare instances of transmission through blood products. The virus appears sporadically and is spread by close personal contact, with occasional food-borne outbreaks. Older persons infected by the virus usually develop a symptomatic infection with abrupt onset, fever, and jaundice lasting two months. Children usually have an asymptomatic infection and rarely develop jaundice. Laboratory diagnosis is made by detection of antihepatitis A virus immunoglobulin M in serum. Ten to 20 percent of symptomatic patients experience a prolonged or relapsing course of illness, but chronic infection has not been reported. Fulminant infection occurs in less than 1 percent of patients and can result in emergent liver transplant or death. Prevention starts with thorough handwashing and careful food handling. Prompt disease reporting, the identification of exposed persons, and expeditious administration of immune globulin prevent secondary transmission of the disease. Physicians should consider routine vaccination of children 12 to 23 months of age based on recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vaccination for children two years or older and adults should be included in routine preventive care for those at increased risk of contracting the disease (e.g., travelers to certain countries, men who have sex with men, drug abusers, recipients of clotting factor replacement) and for persons with chronic liver disease. PMID:16848078

  18. A Case of Intranasal Hemangioma and Concurrent Tetracycline-induced Ulcerative Gastritis in Dogs

    PubMed Central

    Banga, H. S.; Deshmukh, S.; Brar, R. S.; Gadhave, P. D.; Chavhan, S. G.; Sandhu, H. S.

    2010-01-01

    Incidence of drug-induced gastritis and ulceration in human medicine is well established. Besides, unilateral hemangioma, a unique concurrent case of tetracycline induced gastric toxicity in a dog, characterized by gastritis and ulceration is being reported here. Grossly, the appearance of gastric ulcers mimicked the appearance of Italian pizza. Histological examination further supported drug-induced etiology in this case. This is probably the one of the few cases in the annals of veterinary medicine to be documented as drug-induced gastric toxicity in dog. PMID:21042472

  19. Huge Cavernous Hemangiomas Enveloping the Optic Nerve Successfully Removed by a Vertical Lid Split Orbitotomy

    PubMed Central

    Yum, Jung-Hoon; Woo, Kyung In

    2014-01-01

    A 63-year-old woman presented with a 15-year history of gradually increasing proptosis of right eye. Ocular examination revealed proptosis of 9?mm with decreased visual acuity in her right eye. CT scan showed a well-circumscribed and enhancing orbital mass filling almost the entire right orbit. The tumor occupied the superolateral, superomedial, and inferomedial intraconal space, enveloping the optic nerve. Complete excision of two large intraconal tumors was performed successfully via a vertical lid split orbitotomy. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. The patient achieved a satisfactory cosmetic outcome 1 year after surgery. PMID:24868473

  20. Huge cavernous hemangiomas enveloping the optic nerve successfully removed by a vertical lid split orbitotomy.

    PubMed

    Yum, Jung-Hoon; Kim, Yoon-Duck; Lee, Jung Hye; Woo, Kyung In

    2014-01-01

    A 63-year-old woman presented with a 15-year history of gradually increasing proptosis of right eye. Ocular examination revealed proptosis of 9?mm with decreased visual acuity in her right eye. CT scan showed a well-circumscribed and enhancing orbital mass filling almost the entire right orbit. The tumor occupied the superolateral, superomedial, and inferomedial intraconal space, enveloping the optic nerve. Complete excision of two large intraconal tumors was performed successfully via a vertical lid split orbitotomy. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. The patient achieved a satisfactory cosmetic outcome 1 year after surgery. PMID:24868473

  1. Cavernous hemangioma arising from the gastro-splenic ligament: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Chin, Kin-Fah; Khair, Ghaith; Babu, Palani Sathish; Morgan, David Russell

    2009-01-01

    We present a rare case of a 45-year-old woman who presented with epigastric pain associated with early satiety and weight loss. Imaging revealed a large intra-abdominal mass in the epigastrium. Despite intensive investigations, including ultrasound scanning, computed tomography, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and percutaneous biopsy, a diagnosis could not be obtained. A histological diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma arising from the gastro-splenic ligament was confirmed after laparoscopic excision and histological examination of the intra-abdominal epigastric mass. PMID:19673030

  2. Cavernous hemangioma of the bladder: an additional case managed by partial cystectomy and augmentation cystoplasty.

    PubMed

    Lahyani, Mounir; Slaoui, Amine; Jakhlal, Nabil; Karmouni, Tarik; Elkhader, Khalid; Koutani, Abdellatif; Andaloussi, Ahmed Ibn Attya

    2015-01-01

    Cavernous Hemangioma of the Bladder (CHB) is benign and rare lesions. Clinical presentation has no pathognomonic signs although gross painless hematuria is the most frequent complain. CHB is suspected by cystoscopy and radiologic findings and confirmed by pathologic examinations. Management is controversial due to the bleeding risk of this highly vascularized lesion. Partial cystectomy is the treatment of choice for surgically accessible lesions. However, it appears that small lesions could be treated using transurethral resection. Since CHB is a rare case, we report another case treated successfully with a partial cystectomy associated with an augmentation cystoplasy. PMID:26889312

  3. Cavernous hemangioma of the bladder: an additional case managed by partial cystectomy and augmentation cystoplasty

    PubMed Central

    Lahyani, Mounir; Slaoui, Amine; Jakhlal, Nabil; Karmouni, Tarik; Elkhader, Khalid; Koutani, Abdellatif; Andaloussi, Ahmed Ibn Attya

    2015-01-01

    Cavernous Hemangioma of the Bladder (CHB) is benign and rare lesions. Clinical presentation has no pathognomonic signs although gross painless hematuria is the most frequent complain. CHB is suspected by cystoscopy and radiologic findings and confirmed by pathologic examinations. Management is controversial due to the bleeding risk of this highly vascularized lesion. Partial cystectomy is the treatment of choice for surgically accessible lesions. However, it appears that small lesions could be treated using transurethral resection. Since CHB is a rare case, we report another case treated successfully with a partial cystectomy associated with an augmentation cystoplasy. PMID:26889312

  4. Intramuscular Hemangioma in the Anterior Scalene Muscle Diagnosed by Core Needle Biopsy.

    PubMed

    Cho, Jae-Keun; Cha, Wonjae; Sung, Myung-Whun

    2015-09-01

    Intramuscular hemangioma (IMH) is a rare, benign vascular lesion that frequently develops within skeletal muscles. Preoperatively, accurate diagnosis of IMH is often extremely difficult because of nonspecific clinical findings and the inaccuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology. IMH is suspected in only 8% of preoperative diagnoses before surgical exploration. Here, we report a case of a 44-year-old man with a huge IMH in the anterior scalene muscle that was preoperatively diagnosed using ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy, and was successfully treated based on preoperative clinical information. PMID:26330928

  5. Intradural Intramedullary Mixed Type Hemangioma: Optimizing the Surgical Management through Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring

    PubMed Central

    Rahyussalim, Ahmad Jabir; Situmeang, Adrian; Safri, Ahmad Yanuar; Fadhly, Zulfa Indah K.

    2015-01-01

    Intradural intramedullary mixed type hemangioma is a rare histotype of primary spinal cord tumors, though it can carry a severe clinical burden leading to limb dysfunction or motor and sensory disturbances. Timely intervention with radical resection is the hallmark of treatment but achieving it is not an easy task even for experienced neurosurgeons. We herein present an exemplificative case presenting with sudden paraplegia in which total resection was achieved under intraoperative neurophysiology monitoring. A thorough discussion on the operative technique and the role of neuromonitoring in allowing a safe surgical management of primary spinal cord tumors is presented. PMID:26839729

  6. Characteristic and follow-up of subglottic hemangiomas in Iranian children

    PubMed Central

    Tabatabaii, Seyed Ahmad; Khanbabaii, Ghamartaj; Khatami, Ali Reza; Sharifnia, Seyed Ali

    2010-01-01

    Subglottic hemangiomas are very rare in compare with cutaneous form but can be life-threatening in the proliferating phase of tumor by airway obstruction. It should be considered in any child with recurrent, persistent and/or progressive, inspiratory or biphasic stridor, respiratory distress and feeding difficulties in the first months of life. It should be confirmed by endobronchoscopic evaluation. Affected infants are most likely to experience symptoms between the ages of 6 and 12 weeks. Infants who admitted and referred to our hospital with recurrent stridor, cough and respiratory distress were reviewed. PMID:21526088

  7. A handheld wireless device for diffuse optical spectroscopic assessment of infantile hemangiomas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fong, Christopher J.; Flexman, Molly; Hoi, Jennifer W.; Geller, Lauren; Garzon, Maria; Kim, Hyun K.; Hielscher, Andreas H.

    2013-03-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are common vascular growths that occur in 5-10% of neonates and have the potential to cause disfiguring and even life-threatening complications. With no objective tool to monitor IH, a handheld wireless device (HWD) that uses diffuse optical spectroscopy has been developed for use in assessment of IH by measurements in absolute oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin concentration as well as scattering in tissue. Reconstructions of these variables can be computed using a multispectral evolution algorithm. We validated the new system by experimental studies using phantom experiments and a clinical study is under way to assess the utility of DOI for IH.

  8. Disruption and inactivation of the PP2A complex promotes the proliferation and angiogenesis of hemangioma endothelial cells through activating AKT and ERK

    PubMed Central

    Xie, Furong; Bao, Xin; Yu, Jingshuang; Chen, Wantao; Wang, Lizhen; Zhang, Zhiyuan; Xu, Qin

    2015-01-01

    Hemangioma is a benign vascular neoplasm of unknown etiology. In this study, we generated an endothelial-specific PyMT gene-expressing transgenic mouse model that spontaneously develops hemangioma. Based on this transgenic model, a specific binding between PyMT and the core AC dimer of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) was verified in hemangioma vascular endothelial cells. The binding between PyMT and the PP2A AC dimer resulted in dissociation of the B subunit from the PP2A complex and inactivation of PP2A phosphatases, which in turn activated AKT and ERK signaling and promoted cell proliferation, migration and angiogenesis in vitro and tumorigenesis in vivo. Consistent with the in vitro findings, decreased PP2A phosphatase activity and disruption of the PP2A heterotrimeric complex were also observed in both primary transgene-positive TG(+) mouse hemangioma endothelial cells (TG(+) HEC cells) and human proliferating phase hemangioma endothelial (human HEC-P) cells, but not in transgene-negative TG(−) mouse normal vascular endothelial cells (TG(−) NEC cells) and human involuting phase hemangioma endothelial (human HEC-I) cells. Further, it was observed that in human hemangioma cells, endoglin could compete with the PP2A/A, C subunits for binding to the PP2A/B subunit, thereby resulting in dissociation of the B subunit from the PP2A complex. Treatment of Tie2/PyMT transgenic mice with the PP2A activator FTY720 significantly delayed the occurrence of hemangioma. Our data provide evidence of a previously unreported anti-proliferation and anti-angiogenesis effect of PP2A in vascular endothelial cells, and show the therapeutic value of PP2A activators in hemangioma. PMID:26308070

  9. Hepatitis A and HIV

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C . Hepatitis A and HIV Hepatitis A is preventable with a vaccine, and ... aids.gov • locator.aids.gov • facing.aids.gov • HIV/AIDS Service Locator Locator Widgets • Instructions • API Find ...

  10. Paediatric giant cervicomediastinal thymolipoma.

    PubMed

    Patel, Ramnik V; Evans, Kathryn; Sau, Indranil; Huddart, Simon

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of a 11-year-old boy who presented with a massive soft tissue right cervical painless and progressive lesion displacing trachea to the left and extending into the anteriosuperior mediastinum which was diagnosed to be a lipomatous mass on chest CT scan. Subsequent biopsy and total excision proved it to be a giant cervicomediastinal thymolipoma. It was successfully excised with excellent prognosis and long-term results. A giant paediatric cervicomediastinal thymolipoma is a rare, benign, mediastinal mass of thymic origin. It may remain asymptomatic despite massive size and up to 50% in some series are associated with autoimmune disease. CT scan gives fat density and encapsulated benign nature and biopsy usually establishes the diagnosis. Preoperative tissue diagnosis is important as now the availability of thoracoscopic option is best suited to reduce morbidity. Treatment of choice is total excision using open surgical, minimal invasive techniques or robotic surgery and the prognosis is excellent. PMID:24849642

  11. A giant vesical calculus.

    PubMed

    Rahman, M; Uddin, A; Das, G C; Akanda, N I

    2007-07-01

    Massive or giant vesical calculus is a rare entity in the recent urological practice. Males are affected more than the females. Vesical calculi are usually secondary to bladder outlet obstruction. These patients present with recurrent urinary tract infection, haematuria or with retention of urine. We report a young male patient who presented with defaecatory problems along with other urinary symptoms. The patient having an average built, non diabetic but hypertensive. The stone could be palpated by physical examination. His urea levels were within normal limits but urine examination shows infection. USG reveals bilateral hydronephrosis with multiple stones in both kidneys along with a giant vesical calculus. After controlling urinary infection and hypertention he underwent an open cystolithotomy. During operation digital rectal help was needed to remove the stone as it was adherent with bladder mucosa. Post operative period was uneventful. His urinary output was quite normal and had no defaecatory problems. Patient left the hospital 10 days after operation. PMID:17917633

  12. Vascular endothelial growth factor confers a growth advantage in vitro and in vivo to stromal cells cultured from neonatal hemangiomas.

    PubMed Central

    Berard, M.; Sordello, S.; Ortega, N.; Carrier, J. L.; Peyri, N.; Wassef, M.; Bertrand, N.; Enjolras, O.; Drouet, L.; Plouet, J.

    1997-01-01

    Neonatal hemangioma is a common benign proliferation of unorganized structures containing stromal and capillary endothelial cells. We tested the hypothesis that such cell proliferation might result from the release by stromal cells of endothelial cell mitogens. Stromal cells cultured from biopsies of surgically removed life-threatening hemangiomas released an endothelial cell mitogen in vitro that was indistinguishable from vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) based on independent criteria such as affinity chromatography for heparin or anti-VEGF IgG and radioreceptor assay. A functional product of the KDR gene encoding a cognate VEGF receptor was also expressed by these stromal cells. Transient transfection with antisense oligonucleotides targeted on the translation initiation codon of KDR abolished its tyrosine phosphorylation and mitogenic response of neonatal hemangioma cells to VEGF, confirming the existence of an autocrine loop of proliferation. When grafted in nude mice, these stromal cells elicited an angiogenic response that was blocked by neutralizing anti-VEGF IgG. These results might provide a clue to the importance of stromal cells in the pathogeny of neonatal hemangiomas. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 4 Figure 6 PMID:9094988

  13. The Course of Incidental Intraorbital Cavernous Hemangioma in a Patient with Myasthenia Gravis Treated with Cyclosporine: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Konno, Shingo; Hagiwara, Wataru; Sasaki, Miyuki; Fuse, Akihisa; Imamura, Tomomi; Inoue, Masashi; Kitazono, Hisao; Fujioka, Toshiki

    2014-01-01

    A 69-year-old woman presented with generalized myasthenia gravis and a left orbital cavernous hemangioma (OCH), which elevated the optic nerve and displaced the external eye muscles. Cyclosporine treatment induced a gradual size reduction in the OCH, and consequently contributed to improved external ocular symptoms in combination with immunosuppressant effects. PMID:24761144

  14. Anastomosing hemangioma arising from the kidney: a case of slow progression in four years and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Wei; Wang, Qiang; Liu, Yu-Lin; Yu, Wen-Juan; Liu, Yan; Zhao, Hui; Zhuang, Jie; Jiang, Yan-Xia; Li, Yu-Jun

    2015-01-01

    Reported herein is a renal anastomosing hemangioma which developed slowly in the past four years. A 25-year-old woman was found a mass localized in the upper portion four years ago, and only slow progression in the past four years. She underwent a laparoscopic partial nephrectomy of right kidney and diagnosed as anastomosing hemangioma. On histology the vascular components of the tumor had an anastomosing pattern without well-definite margins. Immunohistochemically, only endothelial markers (CD31, CD34) were expressed on the vascular components of tumor cells. Smooth muscle actin (SMA), cytokeratin (CK), EMA and S-100 and so on were all negative in the epithelioid tumor cells. The patient was alive at 16 months after operation, without any evidence recurrence or metastasis. Anastomosing hemangioma is an extremely rare vascular neoplasm; only 23 cases were previously described until now. Our report of anastomosing hemangioma arising from the kidney with slow progression will improve the knowledge of primary vascular tumors arising in the kidney. PMID:25973131

  15. Lobular capillary hemangioma formation: An unusual complication of submucous resection with power instrumentation of the inferior turbinate.

    PubMed

    Gregorio, Luciano L; Wu, Chin-Lee; Busaba, Nicolas Y

    2015-12-01

    Submucous resection with powered instrumentation (SRPI) is an effective surgical method to achieve inferior turbinate (IT) reduction with minimal morbidity. We describe a series of two cases of capillary hemangioma (pyogenic granuloma) that developed in the posterior third of the IT as a late complication after SRPI. Laryngoscope, 125:2653-2655, 2015. PMID:26403945

  16. Vascular endothelial growth factor expression and pathological changes in the local tissue of facial hemangiomas following injections with pure alcohol

    PubMed Central

    FU, ZHAO-JUN; LI, CHUN-MING; WANG, TAI-HE; JIANG, ZHU-LING; FU, ZHAO-CHEN

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between the formation of hemangioma and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) following local injections of pure alcohol in patients exhibiting hemangioma. Ten healthy subjects (control group) and 10 hemangioma patients (treatment group) were included in the study population, with the hemangioma patients receiving one injection of pure alcohol. The VEGF levels were evaluated in the treatment and control group subjects prior to and following the injection using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; furthermore, local tissue was excised to perform pathological analysis one week after the injections. The VEGF levels of the healthy group were identified to be significantly lower when compared with those of the treatment group prior to the injections (P<0.01) and one week after the injections (P<0.01), however, were not significantly different when compared with the treatment group one month after the injections (P>0.01). Therefore, serum VEGF concentrations in the peripheral blood may be a clinical indicator of the efficacy of clinical treatment and aid with determination of the prognosis. PMID:25663863

  17. Giant thymic carcinoid.

    PubMed

    John, L C; Hornick, P; Lang, S; Wallis, J; Edmondson, S J

    1991-05-01

    Thymic carcinoid is a rare tumour. It may present with ectopic endocrine secretion or with symptoms of compression as a result of its size. A case is reported which presented with symptoms of compression where the size of the tumour was uniquely large such as to warrant the term giant thymic carcinoid. The typical histological features are described, together with its possible origin and its likely prognosis. PMID:1852667

  18. Hot giant loop holography

    SciTech Connect

    Grignani, Gianluca; Karczmarek, Joanna L.; Semenoff, Gordon W.

    2010-07-15

    We argue that there is a phase transition in the expectation value of the Polyakov loop operator in the large N limit of the high temperature deconfined phase of N=4 Yang-Mills theory on a spatial S{sup 3}. It occurs for the large completely symmetric representation of the SU(N) symmetry group. We speculate that this transition is reflected in the D-branes which are the string theory duals of giant loops.

  19. Characterization of Endothelial Microparticles Induced by Different Therapeutic Drugs for Infantile Hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Jun-Yi; Zhang, Wei; Ren, Jian-Gang; Chen, Gang; Zhao, Yi-Fang

    2015-09-01

    Endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are complex vesicular structures with great significance in vascular pathophysiology. Here, we aimed to determine the impact of therapeutic drugs for infantile hemangioma, a common vascular tumor of infancy, on the biochemical features of EMPs. We exposed human umbilical vein endothelial cells to propranolol (Pro), dexamethasone (Dex), or rapamycin (Rap). Compared with controls, Pro and Rap dramatically augmented EMP release, whereas Dex significantly suppressed EMP generation. Drug-stimulated EMPs could inherit but tended to lose specific endothelial surface antigens from their parental cells. On the one hand, markedly distinct messenger RNA expression patterns were observed within and between drug-stimulated endothelial cells and derived EMPs. On the other hand, Rap-treated endothelial cells and Pro-induced EMPs displayed downregulation of multiple angiogenesis-related molecules at messenger RNA level compared with corresponding controls. Meanwhile, among tested angiogenesis-associated microRNAs, twelve microRNAs were downregulated in drug-induced EMPs, whereas only let-7b and miR-133a were markedly upregulated. Collectively, these data may indicate selective and distinctive package of biomolecules into EMPs depending on specific drugs. Our findings may provide novel insights into the underlying mechanisms of pharmacological therapy for infantile hemangioma. PMID:26348824

  20. A cardiac hemangioma treated by a right minithoracotomy approach with thoracoscopic assistance.

    PubMed

    Sakai, Katsuaki; Tanigawa, Kazuyoshi; Odate, Tomohiro; Miura, Takashi; Tsuneto, Akira; Abe, Kuniko; Hashizume, Koji; Eishi, Kiyoyuki

    2016-01-01

    Cardiac hemangiomas are extremely rare tumors, accounting for only 2.5 % of all cardiac tumors. Most of these develop in the ventricles, and obtaining a good field of view is, therefore, the key to successful operation. A 40-year-old female visited a local hospital due to palpitation. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a spherical high-echo mass (13.5 × 10.7 mm in diameter) between the papillary muscles. She was referred to our hospital to undergo close examination. Cardiac contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging was performed to differentiate between malignant and benign lesions. However, this did not provide any findings leading to a definite diagnosis. To make a diagnosis and prevent embolism, the mass was excised using a right minithoracotomy approach with thoracoscopic assistance. The post-operative pathological diagnosis was a cardiac capillary-cavernous hemangioma. A right minithoracotomy approach combined with thoracoscopy allowed accurate evaluation of the mass in the left ventricle beyond the mitral valve and its accurate excision. PMID:24317742

  1. Glucose transporter 1-positive endothelial cells in infantile hemangioma exhibit features of facultative stem cells

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Lan; Nakayama, Hironao; Klagsbrun, Michael; Mulliken, John B.; Bischoff, Joyce

    2014-01-01

    Endothelial glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) is a definitive and diagnostic marker for infantile hemangioma (IH), a vascular tumor of infancy. To date, GLUT1-positive endothelial cells in IH have not been quantified nor directly isolated and studied. We isolated GLUT1-positive and GLUT1-negative endothelial cells from IH specimens and characterized their proliferation, differentiation and response to propranolol, a first-line therapy for IH, and to rapamycin, an mTOR pathway inhibitor used to treat an increasingly wide array of proliferative disorders. Although freshly isolated GLUT1-positive cells, selected using anti-GLUT1 magnetic beads, expressed endothelial markers CD31, VE-Cadherin and VEGFR2, they converted to a mesenchymal phenotype after three weeks in culture. In contrast, GLUT1-negative endothelial cells exhibited a stable endothelial phenotype in vitro. GLUT1-selected cells were clonogenic when plated as single cells and could be induced to re-differentiate into endothelial cells, or into pericyte/smooth muscle cells or into adipocytes, indicating a stem cell-like phenotype. These data demonstrate that, although they appear and function in the tumor as bona fide endothelial cells, the GLUT1-positive endothelial cells display properties of facultative stem cells. Pretreatment with rapamycin for 4 days significantly slowed proliferation of GLUT1-selected cells, whereas propranolol pretreatment had no effect. These results reveal for the first time the facultative nature of GLUT1-positive endothelial cells in infantile hemangioma. PMID:25187207

  2. E-selectin is present in proliferating endothelial cells in human hemangiomas.

    PubMed Central

    Krling, B. M.; Razon, M. J.; Boon, L. M.; Zurakowski, D.; Seachord, C.; Darveau, R. P.; Mulliken, J. B.; Corless, C. L.; Bischoff, J.

    1996-01-01

    E-selectin, an endothelial-cell-specific leukocyte adhesion molecule, may also function in angiogenesis. To investigate its role in a noninflammatory angiogenic disease, E-selectin was analyzed by immunohistochemistry in specimens of proliferative phase and involutive phase hemangiomas. Hemangioma is an endothelial cell tumor of capillary blood vessels that grows rapidly during infancy and regresses spontaneously during childhood. E-selectin expression was high in proliferative phase specimens and was co-localized with dividing microvascular endothelial cells. Relative to the number of blood vessels, E-selectin declined significantly in involutive phase specimens demonstrating that E-selectin correlates with angiogenesis in the tumors. E-selectin was not detected in quiescent endothelium but was co-localized in dividing microvascular endothelial cells in placenta and neonatal foreskin, two tissues with ongoing growth of microvessels. These in vivo studies support the hypothesis that E-selectin functions in angiogenesis and suggest that E-selectin may be a marker for proliferating endothelium. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 PMID:8644859

  3. Imaging Spectrum of Hemangioma and Vascular Malformations of the Head and Neck in Children and Adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Bhat, Venkatraman; Salins, Paul C; Bhat, Varun

    2014-01-01

    Vascular lesions of the head and neck region in children constitute an interesting group of lesions that benefit immensely from imaging techniques. Imaging is essential for identification, characterization, and delineation of the extent of lesion and subsequent follow-up. Infantile hemangiomas, which are vascular tumors with a specific evolution pattern, constitute a large majority of these lesions. On the other hand, there are vascular malformations, which are anomalies of the vascular system, consisting of a range of vascular tissues associated with various flow patterns. When diagnosis is clinically evident, imaging should utilize non-radiation techniques and address the issues necessary for management. Timing and interpretation of imaging methods employed in assessing childhood vascular lesion should also take into consideration the natural history so that imaging is performed to address a specific question. This review highlights the typical appearance of a hemangioma and a group of vascular malformations of the head and neck. For descriptive purpose, an attempt has been made to group lesions into specific subsites, with each one having specific clinical significance. Cases included illustrate the spectrum of the disease ranging from classical form in young children to slightly differing manifestations of the disease in adolescents and adults. The illustrations also provide a novel way of presenting image data using volume-rendering techniques of 3D data. Multi-modality team interaction and management strategies of these complex lesions are also emphasized. PMID:25161800

  4. Propranolol Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas: Anticipatory Guidance for Parents and Caretakers

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Kari; Bleib, Francine; Chamlin, Sarah L.; Chiu, Yvonne E.; Frieden, Ilona J.; Frommelt, Peter C.; Garzon, Maria C.; Kwon, Eun-Kyung M.; MacLellan-Tobert, Susan; Mancini, Anthony J.; Seefeldt, Marcia; Sidbury, Robert; Siegel, Dawn H.; Drolet, Beth A.; Boucek, Robert J.

    2016-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are benign tumors of endothelial-like cells. Occurring in 4.5% of children, they are the most common tumor of childhood. The great majority of patients with IH will not need treatment, but 10% require systemic treatment. Many treatments have been described for the treatment of IH, but the Food and Drug Administration has not approved any. Over the last decade, numerous reports of successful treatment of IH with propranolol have been published. Despite its widespread use, little is known regarding the proper dosing, safety monitoring, and during of treatment or long-term outcomes for propranolol treatment of IH. Given its potential side effects, detailed education regarding proper administration of the medication as well as warning signs to watch for is necessary for parents and caretakers. Herein, we provide a parental handout that practitioners can individually tailor for use in their clinics when educating parents and caretakers about the use of propranolol for IH. Updates will also need to be made as more is learned regarding the optimal dosing and safety monitoring when using propranolol for this indication. Forward This article is a little different from the usual Techniques for Tots which have typically focused on examination or surgical techniques. We hope the readers will find it useful as an educational tool for families whose children are receiving propranolol for infantile hemangiomas. Ilona J. Frieden M.D. Lawrence F. Eichenfield M.D. Editors, Pediatric Dermatology PMID:23316721

  5. Hepatic osmoreceptors?

    PubMed Central

    Glasby, M. A.; Ramsay, D. J.

    1974-01-01

    1. The effects of 0·45% saline infusions into the portal vein of conscious and anaesthetized dogs have been compared with similar infusions through a systemic vein. 2. Measurements were made of plasma and urinary osmolality, sodium, potassium and chloride concentrations and urine flows; osmolal clearances, free water clearances, the percentage of the infused loads excreted at given times, and rates of sodium and potassium excretion in the urine, were calculated. 3. In the conscious and anaesthetized series of experiments no significant differences were found between the portal and systemic routes of infusion. 4. For both the portal and systemic routes of infusion there was a significantly smaller diuretic response to the saline infusion in anaesthetized as compared with conscious animals. 5. These results do not support the concept of hepatic osmoreceptors occurring in the dog. PMID:4449080

  6. Synchronous multicentric giant cell tumor.

    PubMed

    Bandyopadhyay, Ranjana; Biswas, Saumitra; Bandyopadhyay, Sanjay K; Ray, M M

    2010-01-01

    Multicentric giant cell tumors represent less than 1% of all giant cell tumors of bones. We report a case of multicentric giant cell tumors around both the knee joints in a mentally and physically challenged adult male that resulted in rapidly progressive painful swelling, restricted mobility and, ultimately, fixed deformity. These tumors had typical radiological appearance and the diagnosis was confirmed on histopathology. PMID:20479561

  7. Giant bulla mimicking tension pneumothorax.

    PubMed

    Gke, Mertol; Saydam, Ozkan; Altin, Remzi; Kart, Levent

    2009-01-01

    In the chest X-ray, we observe tension pneumothorax (TPX) as wide radiolucent view in a hemithorax and pushing the mediastinal structures contralateral. Giant bulla may mimic TPX with wide radiolucent view and mediastinal shift. The present report includes giant pulmonary bulla in 35-year-old woman. The giant bulla was diagnosed as a TPX in emergency, and chest tube was performed. The differentiation between TPX and a giant bulla may be very difficult. The therapies of these two similar entities are completely different. So that, we must be careful about anamnesis, physical examination and radiology for true diagnosis. PMID:20037862

  8. Genetics Home Reference: Giant axonal neuropathy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Giant axonal neuropathy On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance Diagnosis ... definitions Reviewed October 2007 What is giant axonal neuropathy? Giant axonal neuropathy is an inherited condition involving ...

  9. Argon-pumped tunable dye laser therapy for facial port-wine stain hemangiomas in adults--a new technique using small spot size and minimal power

    SciTech Connect

    Scheibner, A.; Wheeland, R.G.

    1989-03-01

    A low power, argon-pumped tunable dye laser was used to deliver yellow light of 577 nm. Individual blood vessels within port-wine stain hemangiomas were treated with a 0.1-mm beam of light using 8 X magnification. This technique permits excellent resolution of facial and nuchal port-wine stain hemangiomas in adults without the adverse complications of textural change, permanent pigmentation abnormality, or hypertrophic scarring.

  10. A Rare Case of Left Ventricular Intramural Hemangioma Diagnosed Using 1.5-T Cardiac MRI with Histopathological Correlation and Successfully Treated by Surgery

    SciTech Connect

    Marrone, Gianluca; Sciacca, Sergio D'Ancona, Giuseppe Pilato, Michele; Luca, Angelo; Gridelli, Bruno

    2010-02-15

    Hemangiomas are vascular tumors composed of blood vessels, frequently localized in the skin and subcutaneous muscles; their localization in the heart is exceptional. The most common localizations are the lateral walls of the left ventricle, the anterior wall, and the septum. Mostly, these tumors grow intracavitarily, rarely intramurally. We describe a singular case of left ventricular intramural hemangioma, detected and diagnosed using newer magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) modalities, confirmed by histopathological results, and treated successfully by surgery.

  11. One Possible Mechanism of Pulsed Dye Laser Treatment on Infantile Hemangioma: Induction of Endothelial Apoptosis and Serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) Level Changes

    PubMed Central

    Cao, Yongqian; Wang, Fagang; Jia, Qingwei; Xu, Rongjian; Dang, Wei; Chen, Qing; Lin, Li

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Pulsed dye laser (PDL) is an important treatment for superficial infantile hemangioma, but few studies report on its cellular mechanism. The aim of this study was to evaluate alterations of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) level in infantile hemangioma (IH) patients after laser treatment and effects of PDL irradiation on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro, as well as to explore the biomolecular mechanisms and ultrastructure changes of the PDL effect. Methods: 74 children with infant hemangioma including 45 patients in proliferating phase, 18 patients in involuting phase, 11 patients in involuted phase and 10 healthy children were engaged in this study. The plasma VEGF levels of children were measured with the enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). 24 hours after, HUVECs cultured in vitro were irradiated with PDL, cell apoptosis, mRNA levels of VEGF, and changes of ultrastructure were evaluated using flow cytometry, real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and transmission electron microscopy, respectively. Results: The serum VEGF concentrations in children with proliferating hemangiomas were significantly higher than in patients with involuting / involved hemangiomas and healthy patients. After receiving 3 laser treatments, the plasma VEGF levels of IH patients in proliferating hemangiomas decreased significantly. PDL irradiation could down-regulate VEGF mRNA expression of HUVECs, and increase cell apoptosis rate. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that PDL irradiation imparts apoptosis induction effects on HUVECs in vitro. Furthermore, our results suggest that vascular endothelial growth factor may be of particular importance in pathophysiology and PDL treatment of hemangiomas, also serum VEGF levels may be used as an aid in the follow up of IH. This provides valuable evidence of the PDL effect on infantile hemangioma. PMID:25653803

  12. A Giant Urethral Calculus.

    PubMed

    Sigdel, G; Agarwal, A; Keshaw, B W

    2014-01-01

    Urethral calculi are rare forms of urolithiasis. Majority of the calculi are migratory from urinary bladder or upper urinary tract. Primary urethral calculi usually occur in presence of urethral stricture or diverticulum. In this article we report a case of a giant posterior urethral calculus measuring 7x3x2 cm in a 47 years old male. Patient presented with acute retention of urine which was preceded by burning micturition and dribbling of urine for one week. The calculus was pushed in to the bladder through the cystoscope and was removed by suprapubic cystolithotomy. PMID:26982670

  13. [Extra-hepatic manifestations of viral hepatitis].

    PubMed

    Causse, X; Germanaud, J; Legoux, A; Legoux, J L

    1995-01-15

    A variety of prodromal symptoms of viral hepatitis (urticaria, fever, arthralgias, headache, polyradiculonevritis) are attributed to A, B, C, D or E hepatitis only when jaundice appears, and because they disappear with it. Spectacular extrahepatic symptoms (polyarteritis nodosa, cryoglobulinemia, glomerulonephritis, marrow aplasia...) may be associated with B or C hepatitis without any liver symptom. Some of the extrahepatic symptoms observed during chronic hepatitis C therapy with interferon (thyroid dysfunctions, cutaneo-mucous lichen) may be related to the immunomodulatory effects of interferon rather than to virus C itself. PMID:7725020

  14. [Viral hepatitis in travellers].

    PubMed

    Abreu, Cndida

    2007-01-01

    Considering the geographical asymmetric distribution of viral hepatitis A, B and E, having a much higher prevalence in the less developed world, travellers from developed countries are exposed to a considerable and often underestimated risk of hepatitis infection. In fact a significant percentage of viral hepatitis occurring in developed countries is travel related. This results from globalization and increased mobility from tourism, international work, humanitarian and religious missions or other travel related activities. Several studies published in Europe and North America shown that more than 50% of reported cases of hepatitis A are travel related. On the other hand frequent outbreaks of hepatitis A and E in specific geographic areas raise the risk of infection in these restricted zones and that should be clearly identified. Selected aspects related with the distribution of hepatitis A, B and E are reviewed, particularly the situation in Portugal according to the published studies, as well as relevant clinical manifestations and differential diagnosis of viral hepatitis. Basic prevention rules considering enteric transmitted hepatitis (hepatitis A and hepatitis E) and parenteral transmitted (hepatitis B) are reviewed as well as hepatitis A and B immunoprophylaxis. Common clinical situations and daily practice "pre travel" advice issues are discussed according to WHO/CDC recommendations and the Portuguese National Vaccination Program. Implications from near future availability of a hepatitis E vaccine, a currently in phase 2 trial, are highlighted. Potential indications for travellers to endemic countries like India, Nepal and some regions of China, where up to 30% of sporadic cases of acute viral hepatitis are caused by hepatitis E virus, are considered. Continued epidemiological surveillance for viral hepatitis is essential to recognize and control possible outbreaks, but also to identify new viral hepatitis agents that may emerge as important global health issues. PMID:18331700

  15. Solitary giant neurofibroma of thigh

    PubMed Central

    Tahririan, Mohammad Ali; Hekmatnia, Ali; Ahrar, Hossein; Heidarpour, Mitra; Hekmatnia, Farzaneh

    2014-01-01

    Neurofibromas are rare, benign, nerve sheath tumors in the peripheral nervous system. The solitary type is found in those who do not have neurofibromatosis. Solitary neurofibromas are too rare in the giant type. We report a rare case of a solitary giant neurofibroma of the anterior right thigh. The diagnostic criteria, characteristics of imaging studies, and operative approach are represented. PMID:25221761

  16. Hemorrhagic giant cystic lymphangioma of the liver in an adult female.

    PubMed

    Nakano, Tomotsugu; Hara, Yoshiaki; Shirokawa, Masamitsu; Shioiri, Sadaaki; Goto, Hideaki; Yasuno, Masamichi; Tanaka, Michio

    2015-01-01

    An 18-year-old woman who presented with epigastric pain was diagnosed with rupture of a hepatic tumor and transported to our hospital. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a 13-cm, low-density giant mass in the left hepatic lobe and high-density ascites, indicating abdominal bleeding from the liver tumor. The patient underwent emergent celiac angiography, and the left hepatic artery, which was believed to feed the tumor, was embolized. After the patient's condition stabilized, she underwent left hepatic lobectomy. In addition, the enlarged lymph nodes of the hepatoduodenal ligament were dissected. On microscopic examination, immunohistochemical staining revealed that both the liver cyst and the enlarged lymph node were positive for the endothelial marker CD31 and lymphangial marker D2-40. The patient was pathologically diagnosed with cystic lymphangioma of the liver. She has now been followed up for almost 4 years after surgery without any sign of recurrence. PMID:25832463

  17. Hepatic abscesses

    PubMed Central

    Rajagopalan, S.; Langer, V.

    2012-01-01

    Hepatic abscesses are potentially lethal diseases if early diagnosis and treatment are not instituted. They are prevalent all over the globe and pyogenic abscesses are predominant over amoebic. With better control of intra abdominal and systemic infections by a spectrum of antibiotics, aetiology of pyogenic abscesses are secondary to interventions and diseases in the biliary tree to a large extent today. The common organisms isolated are the Gram negative group. Amoebic abscesses continue to plague some regions of the world where hygiene and sanitation are questionable. Over the years, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis have evolved remarkably. Imaging modalities like ultrasonography and CT scan have become the cornerstone of diagnosis. The absence of ionizing radiation makes MRI an attractive alternative in patients who require multiple follow up scans. Serological testing in amoebic abscesses has become more reliable. Though antibiotics have remained the principal modality of management, percutaneous drainage of abscesses have vastly improved the chances of cure and bring down the morbidity drastically in pyogenic abscesses. Amoebic abscesses respond well to medical treatment with nitroimidazoles, and minimally invasive surgical drainage is an option in cases where open surgery is indicated. PMID:24532886

  18. Gas Giants Form Quickly

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    This is an artist's concept of a hypothetical 10-million-year-old star system. The bright blur at the center is a star much like our sun. The other orb in the image is a gas-giant planet like Jupiter. Wisps of white throughout the image represent traces of gas.

    Astronomers using NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope have found evidence showing that gas-giant planets either form within the first 10 million years of a sun-like star's life, or not at all. The lifespan for sun-like stars is about 10 billion years.

    The scientists came to this conclusion after searching for traces of gas around 15 different sun-like stars, most with ages ranging from 3 million to 30 million years. With the help of Spitzer's Infrared Spectrometer instrument, they were able to search for relatively warm gas in the inner regions of these star systems, an area comparable to the zone between Earth and Jupiter in our own solar system. They also used ground-based radio telescopes to search for cooler gas in the outer regions of these systems, an area comparable to the zone around Saturn and beyond.

  19. Hepatitis C (image)

    MedlinePLUS

    Hepatitis C is a virus-caused liver inflammation which may cause jaundice, fever and cirrhosis. Persons who are most at risk for contracting and spreading hepatitis C are those who share needles for injecting drugs ...

  20. Hepatitis B Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... IgM; anti-HBe; Hepatitis B e Antibody; HBV DNA Formal name: Hepatitis B Virus Testing Related tests: ... produced by the virus, and others detect viral DNA . The main uses for HBV tests include: To ...

  1. Infantile Hepatic Hemangioendothelioma Associated With Congestive Heart Failure: Two Case Reports With Different Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Wang, Tao; Wang, Yibin; Liang, Yun; Lu, Guoyan

    2015-12-01

    Infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma (IHH) is rare which can regress spontaneously. Arteriovenous shunts within hemangiomas, however, may result in pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) and congestive heart failure (CHF).The authors report 2 young infants suffering from multifocal IHH associated with CHF were both treated with glucocorticoid and transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE), but had different outcomes. The PAH decreased immediately and the symptoms of CHF were alleviated after TAE for both of them. For the Tibetan infant, the development was normal with tumor regression by follow-up. For the Han ethnic neonate, PAH increased again in the seventh day with progressive cardiovascular insufficiency. Ultrasound showed a persisting perfusion caused by collateralization around occluded main feeders. Furthermore, a pulmonary infection occurred and ventilation was performed. As a result, the infant died from multiorgan failure caused by CHF and infection.TAE is a treatment of reducing shunting for hemangiomas. Fistula recanalization in multifocal IHH, however, might be an important risk factor affecting the outcome of TAE. TAE should be further evaluated with special attention to anatomy of feeding and draining vessels, and cardiopulmonary conditions. In addition, the patients were susceptible to secondary pulmonary infection because of lung congestion. As well, the infant from the high altitude area showed better adaptability to hypoxia. PMID:26717373

  2. Hepatocellular carcinoma in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease mimicking benign hemangioma: two case reports and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Tan, Haidong; Xu, Li; Liu, Xiaolei; Si, Shuang; Sun, Yongliang; Liu, Liguo; Zhou, Wenying; Yang, Zhiying

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To study the clinical features of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The clinical manifestations, imaging features, pathological subtypes and treatment outcome of two cases with NAFLD-associated HCC were analyzed. Results: In these two cases, both were young, obese male patients, with contrast enhanced CT scan of hemangioma-like features. They had undergone surgical resection and both were reported as well-differentiated HCC pathologically. They were followed-up respectively up to 46 and 36 months post-operatively with no evidence of recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions: NAFLD-associated HCC has different radiological presentations from typical HCC. Incidental finding of any liver occupying lesions in NAFLD patients should raise immediate clinical attention. PMID:26823893

  3. Infantile HemangiomaMechanism(s) of Drug Action on a Vascular Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Greenberger, Shoshana; Bischoff, Joyce

    2011-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH), a benign vascular tumor, is the most common tumor of infancy, with an incidence of 5%10% at the end of the first year. The tumor displays a distinctive life cycle consisting of a proliferating phase, occurring in the first months of life, followed by an involuting phase. Thus, IH represents a unique model of postnatal vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, and vessel regression. Traditionally, corticosteroids were the drug of choice when treatment of IH was indicated. In recent years, beta-blockers, most specifically propranolol, have serendipitously been shown to be an effective pharmacological treatment. This article will focus on the mechanism of action of these two drugs, the old and the new treatments, in slowing the growth and accelerating involution of IH. PMID:22229118

  4. Orbital fibrous histiocytoma mimicking cavernous hemangioma on dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA imaging.

    PubMed

    Warner, Evan J; Burkat, Cat N; Gentry, Lindell R

    2013-01-01

    Orbital lesions include a broad spectrum of tumors, vascular abnormalities, and inflammatory conditions. High-resolution imaging has become an invaluable tool toward formulating an accurate diagnosis, and facilitates proper counseling regarding appropriate interventions. Imaging may guide whether partial excision to minimize damage to orbital structures, or en bloc removal to prevent potential recurrence, as seen in mesenchymal tumors, is indicated., Recently, dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) has demonstrated use in helping differentiate orbital vascular lesions. This imaging modality uses rapid MRI acquisition to provide noninvasive, dynamic flow information with high spatial resolution. However, even with modern imaging, reaching a diagnosis prior to histopathological analysis can be challenging. We present a case of orbital fibrous histiocytoma that appeared nearly identical to cavernous hemangioma on dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA. PMID:22836792

  5. Case Study of a Spinal Epidural Capillary Hemangioma: A 4-Year Postoperative Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Seferi, Arsen; Alimehmeti, Ridvan; Vyshka, Gentian; Bushati, Teona; Petrela, Mentor

    2013-01-01

    Study Design?Case study. Objectives?We report the case of a 58-year-old Caucasian man, who presented with a 4-month history of increasing low back pain and gait difficulty. Objective neurologic examination revealed a severe paraparetic symptomatology without any sphincter involvement. Methods?Spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an extradural mass formation situated dorsally at the level of thoracic vertebrae T2 to T4. Results?A laminectomy was performed with total removal of the mass; histology suggested a highly vascularized lesion with lobular architecture, which seems a very rare case, compatible with a capillary hemangioma. Conclusions?A careful follow-up for the next 4 years, including control MRIs every postoperative year, showed a very good neurologic condition of the patient and no recurrence on imaging findings. PMID:24494182

  6. Simple and Easy Surgical Technique for Infantile Hemangiomas: Intralesional Excision and Primary Closure

    PubMed Central

    Osaki, Takeo; Ishinagi, Hiroyoshi; Ejiri, Hirotaka; Terashi, Hiroto

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Infantile hemangioma (IH) is a benign vascular tumor that gradually shrinks over several years. Involuting or involuted IHs usually retain their shape, however, and result in redundant skin or conspicuous scarring due to ulceration in the proliferating phase. We present a case series of 12 patients who underwent intralesional excision and primary closure for treatment of involuting or involuted IH. Methods: Twelve patients (5 boys, 7 girls) underwent our treatment method for involuting or involuted IH. A blinded assessor evaluated clinical result of each patient. Results: Surgical results were excellent in 4 patients, good in 6, and fair in 2. A small dog ear was prominent in 1 patient; nevertheless, all parents were satisfied with the results. Conclusions: Intralesional excision and primary closure for treatment of involuting or involuted IH is an easy and simple procedure that does not result in dog-ear formation or elongated residual scarring. PMID:25610518

  7. Allometry indicates giant eyes of giant squid are not exceptional

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The eyes of giant and colossal squid are among the largest eyes in the history of life. It was recently proposed that sperm whale predation is the main driver of eye size evolution in giant squid, on the basis of an optical model that suggested optimal performance in detecting large luminous visual targets such as whales in the deep sea. However, it is poorly understood how the eye size of giant and colossal squid compares to that of other aquatic organisms when scaling effects are considered. Results We performed a large-scale comparative study that included 87 squid species and 237 species of acanthomorph fish. While squid have larger eyes than most acanthomorphs, a comparison of relative eye size among squid suggests that giant and colossal squid do not have unusually large eyes. After revising constants used in a previous model we found that large eyes perform equally well in detecting point targets and large luminous targets in the deep sea. Conclusions The eyes of giant and colossal squid do not appear exceptionally large when allometric effects are considered. It is probable that the giant eyes of giant squid result from a phylogenetically conserved developmental pattern manifested in very large animals. Whatever the cause of large eyes, they appear to have several advantages for vision in the reduced light of the deep mesopelagic zone. PMID:23418818

  8. Comparative Analysis of the Extracellular Matrix Composition in Proliferating and Involuted Infantile Hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Park, Hyochun; Park, Hannara; O, Teresa M; Waner, Milton

    2015-01-01

    Background Changes in the composition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) occur between the proliferating and involuted phases of infantile hemangiomas (IH), and are associated with angiogenic growth. We examined the composition of the ECM in proliferating and involuted IHs and assessed correlations between the composition of the ECM and whether the IH was in the proliferating or the involuted phase. Methods We evaluated IH samples from a cohort of patients who had five proliferating IHs and five involuted IHs. The following ECM molecules were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and immunohistochemistry: laminin, fibronectin, collagen type I, collagen type II, and collagen type III. Results The involuted IHs had higher levels of deposition of collagen type III than the proliferating IHs. The median values (interquartile ranges) were 1.135 (0.946-1.486) and 1.008 (0.780-1.166) (P=0.019), respectively. The level of laminin was higher in involuted IHs than in proliferating IHs, with median values (interquartile ranges) of 3.191 (2.945-3.191) and 2.479 (1.699-3.284) (P=0.047), respectively. Abundant collagen type III staining was found in involuted IHs. Laminin ?4 chain staining was clearly present within the basement membrane adjacent to the blood vessels, and was significantly more intense in involuted IHs than in proliferative IHs. Conclusions Involuted hemangiomas showed extensive deposition of collagen III and laminin, suggesting that differences in the composition of the ECM reflect stages of the development of IHs. This pattern may be due to the rapid senescence of IHs. PMID:26430624

  9. Effectiveness and Safety of Oral Propranolol versus Other Treatments for Infantile Hemangiomas: A Meta-Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Xiaohan; Qu, Xinhua; Zheng, Jiawei; Zhang, Ling

    2015-01-01

    Background Epidemiological studies evaluating treatments for infantile hemangiomas have produced inconsistent results. A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the effectiveness and safety of oral propranolol versus other treatments for infantile hemangiomas. Methods A meta-analysis was conducted based on literature (published from 1960 to December 1, 2014) found on the PubMed, EMBASE, and OVID search engines. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for the outcome measures. Heterogeneity, publication bias and subgroup analysis were performed. Results A total of 61 studies involving 5,130 participants met the inclusion criteria. Propranolol was found to be a more effective modality in treating IHs (ORs = 0.92; 95%CI, 0.89–0.95) and had fewer complications compared to the other treatments including systemic steroids (ORs = 0.68; 95% CI, 0.59–0.76); laser ablation (ORs = 0.55; 95% CI, 0.43–0.67); other beta-adrenergic blockers (ORs = 0.56; 95% CI, 0.50–0.61) and surgery (ORs = 0.55; 95% CI, 0.28–0.81). A subgroup analysis of propranolol showed that a dose of 2 mg/kg/day or more yielded better outcomes (ORs = 0.92; 95% CI, 0.88–0.95; ORs = 0.95; 95% CI, 0.89–1.00), and IHs that had not been previously treated had better responses to propranolol treatment (ORs = 0.95; 95% CI, 0.91–0.98). Conclusions The meta-analysis demonstrated that propranolol was more effective and safer than other therapies in treating IHs. It provides strong evidence for supporting the use of propranolol as a first-line therapy for IHs. PMID:26375455

  10. Surgery in extensive vertebral hemangioma: case report, literature review and a new algorithm proposal.

    PubMed

    Tarantino, Roberto; Donnarumma, Pasquale; Nigro, Lorenzo; Delfini, Roberto

    2015-07-01

    Hemangiomas are benign dysplasias or vascular tumors consisting of vascular spaces lined with endothelium. Nowadays, radiotherapy for vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) is widely accepted as primary treatment for painful lesions. Nevertheless, the role of surgery is still unclear. The purpose of this study is to propose a novel algorithm of treatment about VHs. This is a case report of an extensive VH and a review of the literature. A case of vertebral fracture during radiotherapy at a total dose of 30Gy given in 10 fractions (treatment time 2weeks) using a linear accelerator at 15 MV high-energy photons for extensive VH is reported. Using PubMed database, a review of the literature is done. The authors have no study funding sources. The authors have no conflicting financial interests. In the literature, good results in terms of pain and neurological deficits are reported. No cases of vertebral fractures are described. However, there is no consensus regarding the treatment for VHs. Radiotherapy is widely utilized in VHs determining pain. Surgery for VHs determining neurological deficit is also widely accepted. Perhaps, regarding the width of the lesion, no indications are given. We consider it important to make an evaluation before initiating the treatment for the risk of pathologic vertebral fracture, since in radiotherapy, there is no convention regarding structural changes determined in VHs. We propose a new algorithm of treatment. We recommend radiotherapy only for small lesions in which vertebral stability is not concerned. Kyphoplasty can be proposed for asymptomatic patients in which VHs are small and in patients affected by VHs determining pain without spinal canal invasion in which the VH is small. In patients affected by pain without spinal canal invasion but in which the VH is wide or presented with spinal canal invasion and in patients affected by neurological deficits, we propose surgery. PMID:25720346

  11. Radiographic features of osseous hemangioma in the maxillo-facial region. Bibliographic review and case report.

    PubMed

    Fernndez, Lidia R; Luberti, Ricardo F; Domnguez, Francisco V

    2003-01-01

    Osseous hemangioma in the maxillofacial region (OHMF) was first reported in the literature as a clinical entity in the middle of last century. Several fatal cases of accidental hemorrhage following tooth extraction were attributed to OHMF. The discovery of X-rays and image diagnosis should have facilitated identification of the lesion and contributed to establishing differential diagnosis with other entities. However, our review of case-reports suggests that this lesion has been misdiagnosed and mistaken for other neoplastic and non-neoplastic hemorrhagic bone lesions. The aim of this study was to analyze clinical and radiographic data obtained from our review in order to determine the diagnostic criteria for OHMF over the last twenty years. Our case study showed that OHMF occurred at a mean age of 27.3 years, and appeared at a later age in women (30.4 years). OHMF was more frequent in women with a female to male ratio of 1.6:1, although a higher ratio has been reported in the literature. The site of predilection was the premolar and molar region of the mandible (65%). Clinical diagnosis of hemangioma was performed in 7 cases only (35%); diagnosis of the remaining cases was less accurate. The most frequent radiographic feature was mixed radiodensity (70%) and radiolucency (30%). A honeycombed appearance predominated (35%). In addition, 8 cases of OHMF involved the teeth which exhibited resorption and displacement. The present study shows that image diagnosis of OHMF must be based on the critical application of increasingly complex techniques in order to define the lesion. PMID:12730651

  12. Radiotherapy of Painful Vertebral Hemangiomas: The Single Center Retrospective Analysis of 137 Cases

    SciTech Connect

    Miszczyk, Leszek; Tukiendorf, Andrzej

    2012-02-01

    Purpose: An evaluation of dose-response relationship and an attempt to define predictive factors. Methods and Materials: A total of 137 cases of painful vertebral hemangioma irradiations (101 patients). Fraction dose (fd) varied from 2 to 15 Gy (123 fractionated and 14 radiosurgical treatments), and total dose (TD) from 8 to 30 Gy (111 cases irradiated with fd of 2 GY to TD of 24 Gy). We evaluated pain relief, changes in analgesic requirements, and reossification. Results: Means of pain relief 1, 6, 12, and 18 months after radiotherapy (defined as a decrease of primary pain level expressed in percent) were 60.5%, 65.4%, 68.3%, and 78.4%, respectively. Proportion of patients with no need for analgesics and patients using tramadol were 39%, 40%, 44%, 57%, and 20%, 17%, 22%, and 11% in these times. The proportion of patients experiencing complete/partial pain relief changed from 36/48% 1 month, to 64/22% 1.5 years after radiotherapy. No impact of radiotherapy on reossification was found. The positive impact of fd and TD increase for analgesics uptake reduction and pain relief was found. An increase of the fd by 1 Gy results in 27% chance of analgesics uptake reduction and 3.8% reduction of pain, whereas 14% analgesics uptake reduction and 2.2% of pain reduction in case of the TD. The predictive factors improving results were found: female gender, older age, better performance states (the chance of the lower analgesic treatment decreases over 2.5 times in comparison to the higher Zubrod degree), bigger Hb concentration, shorter symptoms duration and lower analgesics uptake before radiotherapy. Conclusions: The obtained data support the efficacy of radiotherapy in improving pain secondary to vertebral hemangioma, with the degree of pain amelioration being related to increasing fd and TD. The positive predictive factors were defined: female gender, older age, better performance status, increased Hb concentration, shorter symptoms duration, and lower analgesics uptake before radiotherapy.

  13. Hepatitis B (HBV)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Hepatitis B (HBV) KidsHealth > For Teens > Hepatitis B (HBV) Print A A A Text Size ... Prevented? How Is It Treated? What Is It? Hepatitis (pronounced: hep-uh-TIE-tiss) is a disease ...

  14. Hepatitis B and HIV

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Hepatitis A and Hepatitis C . Hepatitis B and HIV About 10% of people living with HIV in ... aids.gov • locator.aids.gov • facing.aids.gov • HIV/AIDS Service Locator Locator Widgets • Instructions • API Find ...

  15. Hepatitis C and HIV

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B . Hepatitis C AND HIV About 25% of people living with HIV in ... aids.gov • locator.aids.gov • facing.aids.gov • HIV/AIDS Service Locator Locator Widgets • Instructions • API Find ...

  16. Renal cavernous hemangioma: robot-assisted partial nephrectomy with selective warm ischemia. Case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    CECCARELLI, G.; CODACCI-PISANELLI, M.; PATRITI, A.; BIANCAFARINA, A.

    2015-01-01

    Renal hemangioma is a relatively rare benign tumor with a wide range of clinical and radiological presentation, not easy to differentiate preoperatively from a renal cancer. Due to its benign nature complete surgical resection is the recommended therapy and is considered curative. A 73-year old male patient followed-up for a lung carcinoma and a chronic renal failure underwent a CT scan showing a 35-mm mass of the inferior pole of the left kidney. The patient underwent robot-assisted partial nephrectomy with left inferior pole selective warm ischemia. The outcome was favorable and no repercussions on the renal reserve were observed postoperatively. Histopathological characteristics of the surgical specimen were consistent with renal cavernous hemangioma. A robot-assisted operation allows the fine dissection required to carry out a bloodless nephron-sparing surgery without a complete warm ischemia. The use of robot could be noteworthy for nephron-sparing surgery in cases of concomitant chronic renal failure. PMID:26712254

  17. Renal cavernous hemangioma: robot-assisted partial nephrectomy with selective warm ischemia. Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Ceccarelli, G; Codacci Pisanelli, M; Patriti, A; Biancafarina, A

    2015-01-01

    Renal hemangioma is a relatively rare benign tumor with a wide range of clinical and radiological presentation, not easy to differentiate preoperatively from a renal cancer. Due to its benign nature complete surgical resection is the recommended therapy and is considered curative. A 73-year old male patient followed-up for a lung carcinoma anda chronic renal failure underwent a CT scan showing a 35-mm mass of the inferior pole of the left kidney. The patient underwent robot-assisted partial nephrectomy with left inferior pole selective warm ischemia. The outcome was favorable and no repercussions on the renal reserve were observed postoperatively. Histopathological characteristics of the surgical specimen were consistent with renal cavernous hemangioma. A robot-assisted operation allows the fine dissection required to carry out a bloodless nephron-sparing surgery without a complete warm ischemia. The use of robot could be noteworthy for nephron-sparing surgery in cases of concomitant chronic renal failure. PMID:26712254

  18. Pathogenesis of Hepatic Encephalopathy

    PubMed Central

    Cie?ko-Michalska, Irena; Szczepanek, Ma?gorzata; S?owik, Agnieszka; Mach, Tomasz

    2012-01-01

    Hepatic encephalopathy can be a serious complication of acute liver failure and chronic liver diseases, predominantly liver cirrhosis. Hyperammonemia plays the most important role in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy. The brain-blood barrier disturbances, changes in neurotransmission, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, GABA-ergic or benzodiazepine pathway abnormalities, manganese neurotoxicity, brain energetic disturbances, and brain blood flow abnormalities are considered to be involved in the development of hepatic encephalopathy. The influence of small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) on the induction of minimal hepatic encephalopathy is recently emphasized. The aim of this paper is to present the current views on the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy. PMID:23316223

  19. Hepatitis B in pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Gambarin-Gelwan, Maya

    2007-11-01

    In countries with a high prevalence of chronic hepatitis B, perinatal transmission from mother to infant accounts for the majority of cases of chronic hepatitis B. Passive-active immunoprophylaxis with hepatitis B immunoglobulin and hepatitis B vaccine at birth is 95% efficacious in reducing the risk of HBV transmission but is less effective in HBeAg-positive mothers with very high serum HBV DNA levels. In the last 4 weeks of pregnancy lamivudine may provide additional protection in pregnant women who have high-level viremia. Further studies are needed to evaluate the use of nucleos(t)ide analogues to treat chronic hepatitis B during pregnancy. PMID:17981236

  20. Alcohol and Viral Hepatitis

    PubMed Central

    Dolganiuc, Angela

    2015-01-01

    Both alcohol abuse and infection with hepatitis viruses can lead to liver disease, including chronic hepatitis. Alcohol and hepatitis viruses have synergistic effects in the development of liver disease. Some of these involve the cellular membranes and particularly their functionally active domains, termed lipid rafts, which contain many proteins with essential roles in signaling and other processes. These lipid rafts play a central role in the lifecycles of hepatitis viruses. Alcohol’s actions at the lipid rafts may contribute to the synergistic harmful effects of alcohol and hepatitis viruses on the liver and the pathogenesis of liver disease. PMID:26695752

  1. Imaging of giant cerebral aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Tollard, E; Perot, G; Clavier, E; Gerardin, E

    2015-12-01

    The aim of this study was to review the different imaging techniques for analysing giant intracranial aneurysms (digital subtraction angiography [DSA], magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], computed tomography [CT]) imaging and explain their respective contribution to the understanding of the characteristics of these complex aneurysms. Giant aneurysms have a complex pathology with multiple stages of evolution and consequences. Therefore, complex imaging is mandatory to enhance the understanding of these parameters and to plan an often complicated treatment strategy. DSA remains the gold standard for analysing aneurysms, but non-invasive sectional imaging (CT, MRI) also provides essential information in the specific case of giant aneurysms. PMID:24698745

  2. Clinical efficacy of propranolol in the treatment of hemangioma and changes in serum VEGF, bFGF and MMP-9

    PubMed Central

    WU, SHANYING; WANG, BIAO; CHEN, LIFEN; XIONG, SHUYUAN; ZHUANG, FULIAN; HUANG, XUNLEI; WANG, MEISHUI; HUANG, ZUGEN

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to observe the clinical efficacy and safety of propranolol in the treatment of hemangioma, and to reveal its possible mechanism. A total of 129 cases of proliferative hemangioma were divided into two groups: i) Treatment (n=97), in which the patients received oral propranolol therapy and ii) observation (n=32), in which the patients underwent clinical observation. The changes in the hemangiomas were noted and compared between the two groups. In addition, the heart rate, blood glucose levels, liver, kidney and thyroid function of the patients in the treatment group were monitored prior to and following treatment; the ELISA method was used for the measurement of the patients' serum concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) at the same time-points. A significant difference in curative effect was found between the treatment and observation group. The concentration of free thyroxine and sensitive thyroid-stimulating hormone and the heart rate of the treatment group exhibited significant changes prior to and following medication, but no statistical significance was found in the changes in blood glucose, liver and kidney function and free triiodothyronine concentration. Furthermore, the serum concentrations of VEGF, bFGF and MMP-9 in the treatment group 8 weeks after medication were decreased significantly compared with those before treatment. In conclusion, oral propranolol has a good curative effect in the treatment of proliferative hemangioma, with few side effects and a high level of safety. The mechanism underlying the effects of propranolol may be associated with the downregulation of VEGF, bFGF and MMP-9 expression. PMID:26622443

  3. Breast cancer risk and possible mechanisms of radiation-induced genomic instability in the Swedish hemangioma cohort after reanalyzed dosimetry.

    PubMed

    Eidemller, Markus; Holmberg, Erik; Jacob, Peter; Lundell, Marie; Karlsson, Per

    2015-05-01

    The cohort of 17,200 female Swedish hemangioma patients, who had been exposed to ionizing radiation because of skin hemangioma, was analyzed for breast cancer incidence with descriptive excess relative risk models and mechanistic models of carcinogenesis. The dosimetry system has recently been updated, leading to substantially reduced doses for the most highly exposed part of the Stockholm cohort. The follow-up includes persons until December 2009 with 877 breast cancer cases. All models agree on the risk estimates. The excess relative and excess absolute risk at the age of 50 years are 0.48 Gy(-1) (95% CI 0.28; 0.69) and 10.4 (10(4)PYR Gy)(-1) (95% CI 6.1; 14.4) (95% CI 6.1; 14.4), respectively. These risk estimates are about a factor of 2 higher than previous analyses of this cohort as a consequence of the re-evaluation of the dosimetry system. Explicit models incorporating effects of genomic instability were developed and applied to the hemangioma cohort. It was found that a radiation-induced transition towards genomic instability was highly significant. The models indicate that the main effect of radiation-induced genomic instability is to increase the rate of transition of non-initiated cells to initiated cells with a proliferative advantage. The magnitude of such an acceleration cannot be inferred from epidemiological data alone, but must be complemented by radiobiological measurements. PMID:25839758

  4. Simultaneous diagnosis of ipsilateral adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland and orbital cavernous hemangioma: case report.

    PubMed

    Strianese, Diego; Ferrara, Mariantonia; Iuliano, Adriana; Bonavolont, Giulio

    2014-08-01

    To describe a patient with coexistence of ipsilateral adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland and orbital cavernous hemangioma. The patient presented a 2-month history of painful swelling of left upper eyelid, which did not resolve on a course of oral steroid. On clinical examination, she had moderate medial and inferior dislocation of the eye globe, edema of the temporal superior eyelid and moderate restriction upgaze. Magnetic resonance imaging identified two left orbital tumors: one was a lesion that arose from the lacrimal gland, and the second was a well-defined, ovoid, intraconal mass. The patient underwent lateral orbitotomy and excision of both lesions. Postoperative histological features demonstrated two different lesions: an adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland and a cavernous hemangioma. The clinical presentation of the present case was strongly suggestive of a lacrimal gland malignancy, although the imaging features did not show typical invasive aspects. This is the first report of coexistence of lacrimal gland adenoid cystic carcinoma and cavernous hemangioma in the ipsilateral orbit. PMID:24786224

  5. Morphologic changes of the fovea and visual acuity associated with retinal detachment secondary to circumscribed choroidal hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Furuta, Minoru; Sekiryu, Tetsuju; Kasai, Akihito; Oguchi, Yasuharu

    2013-01-01

    Purpose To clarify and review the early and late morphologic changes of the macula associating with visual loss in patients with subfoveal fluid secondary to extrafoveal circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas. Methods Previously six non-treated eyes of six patients with subfoveal retinal detachment secondary to extrafoveal circumscribed choroidal hemangioma were included. Visual acuity (VA), duration of visual symptoms, color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), fundus autofluorescence, and fluorescein angiography (FA) were evaluated. Results The mean patient age was 58 years (range, 25–78). The VA and duration of symptoms in each patient was 1.2 (3 days), 0.6 (1 week), 0.4 (3 months), 0.5 (6 months), 0.02 (12 months), and 0.01 (8 years), respectively. Three patients with symptoms for less than 3 months did not have retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) alterations, retinal edema, or thinning of the retinal structure in the fovea. A patient with symptoms for 3 months had subfoveal deposits underneath the detached neurosensory retina with foveal hyperautofluorescence. Two patients with symptoms exceeding 12 months had highly affected RPE and cystoid macular degeneration. Conclusions The VA was affected in patients with longer visual symptoms, and there are some changes in the retina and RPE in the fovea by FA and OCT. Persistent subretinal fluid secondary to choroidal hemangiomas may result in pathologic changes in the neurosensory retina. PMID:24227988

  6. Cherry Hemangioma

    MedlinePLUS

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  7. Strawberry Hemangioma

    MedlinePLUS

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  8. Asymptomatic giant appendicolith managed conservatively

    PubMed Central

    Scroggie, Darren Leonard; Al-Whouhayb, Maitham

    2015-01-01

    A 67-year-old lady was found to have a giant appendicolith during a colorectal cancer screening colonoscopy, following a positive faecal occult blood test. Computed tomography confirmed the presence of a calcified giant appendicolith within the base of the appendix, which otherwise appeared normal. Appendicoliths are widely believed to be a major cause of acute appendicitis via obstruction of the appendix lumen, although this is disputed due to a lack of strong evidence. They may also cause chronic abdominal pain. All of the few cases of giant appendicoliths reported so far have been managed by extracting the lesions. Our patient was asymptomatic and had bilateral lung transplants, so a conservative watchful waiting approach was adopted. The authors propose expectant management of giant appendicoliths as a reasonable option in patients with significant operative risks. PMID:26598578

  9. Landscape of the lost giants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2013-09-01

    The Pleistocene megafauna extinction erased a group of remarkable animals. Whether humans had a prominent role in the extinction remains controversial, but it is emerging that the disappearance of the giants has markedly affected the environment.

  10. Theories of Giant Planet Formation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lissauer, Jack J.; Young, Richard E. (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    An overview of current theories of planetary formation, with emphasis on giant planets, is presented. The most detailed models are based upon observations of our own Solar System and of young stars and their environments. While these models predict that rocky planets should form around most single stars, the frequency of formation of gas giant planets is more difficult to predict theoretically. Terrestrial planets are believed to grow via pairwise accretion until the spacing of planetary orbits becomes large enough that the configuration is stable for the age of the system. Giant planets begin their growth as do terrestrial planets, but they become massive enough that they are able to accumulate substantial amounts of gas before the protoplanetary disk dissipates. Most models for extrasolar giant planets suggest that they formed as did Jupiter and Saturn (in nearly circular orbits, far enough from the star that ice could), and subsequently migrated to their current positions, although some models suggest in situ formation.

  11. Atmospheres of Extrasolar Giant Planets

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marley, Mark

    2006-01-01

    The next decade will almost certainly see the direct imaging of extrasolar giant planets around nearby stars. Unlike purely radial velocity detections, direct imaging will open the door to characterizing the atmosphere and interiors of extrasola planets and ultimately provide clues on their formation and evolution through time. This process has already begun for the transiting planets, placing new constraints on their atmospheric structure, composition, and evolution. Indeed the key to understanding giant planet detectability, interpreting spectra, and constraining effective temperature and hence evolution-is the atmosphere. I will review the universe of extrasolar giant planet models, focusing on what we have already learned from modeling and what we will likely be able to learn from the first generation of direct detection data. In addition to these theoretical considerations, I will review the observations and interpretation of the - transiting hot Jupiters. These objects provide a test of our ability to model exotic atmospheres and challenge our current understanding of giant planet evolution.

  12. Pharma giants swap research programs.

    PubMed

    2014-07-01

    Pharmaceutical giants Novartis and GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) agreed in late April to swap some assets, with Novartis handing off its vaccine business to GSK and getting most of the British company's cancer portfolio in return. PMID:25002632

  13. Feature Hepatitis: Hepatitis Can Strike Anyone

    MedlinePLUS

    ... please turn Javascript on. From Hollywood's "Walk of Stars" to Main Street, USA, people from all walks ... that includes many well-known names: Legendary television star Larry Hagman was diagnosed with advanced hepatitis C ...

  14. Autophagy in Hepatic Fibrosis

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Yingying; Wang, Fei; Tao, Lichan; Yang, Changqing

    2014-01-01

    Hepatic fibrosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Hepatic fibrosis is usually associated with chronic liver diseases caused by infection, drugs, metabolic disorders, or autoimmune imbalances. Effective clinical therapies are still lacking. Autophagy is a cellular process that degrades damaged organelles or protein aggregation, which participates in many pathological processes including liver diseases. Autophagy participates in hepatic fibrosis by activating hepatic stellate cells and may participate as well through influencing other fibrogenic cells. Besides that, autophagy can induce some liver diseases to develop while it may play a protective role in hepatocellular abnormal aggregates related liver diseases and reduces fibrosis. With a better understanding of the potential effects of autophagy on hepatic fibrosis, targeting autophagy might be a novel therapeutic strategy for hepatic fibrosis in the near future. PMID:24779010

  15. Extracranial vascular malformations (hemangiomas and vascular malformations) in children and adolescents – diagnosis, clinic, and therapy

    PubMed Central

    Eivazi, Behfar; Werner, Jochen A.

    2014-01-01

    The field of extracranial vascular anomalies is considered as special focus of pediatric otolaryngology and it has shown a rapid development during the last years. The reason for this interest is finally also due to the global acceptance of the classification introduced by the ISSVA (International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies). Hemangiomas are the most frequently observed vascular tumors. Today the systemic propranolol therapy is mostly used for therapy of hemangiomas requiring treatment. Increasingly, the topical application of beta blocker is discussed while the benefit in the head and neck seems to be limited. Vascular malformations are classified according to the morphology of the affected part of the vascular system in arterial, venous, arterio-venous, lymphatic, capillary, and combined vascular malformations. Conventional surgery, sclerosing therapy, and laser treatment are invasive options for the treatment of lymphatic malformations. The options for the treatment of venous malformations could be significantly improved during the last years. In this context, the use of Nd:YAG laser, the conservative treatment of the localized disseminated intravascular coagulation with low-molecular weight heparin, the re-discovery of bleomycin as effective sclerosing agent, and the improvement of alcohol-based embolization agents must be mentioned. Today the treatment with dye laser is the preferred therapy for capillary malformations and it is superior to other therapeutic options as for example photodynamic therapy. Arterio-venous malformations as representatives for high-flow lesions are the high-risk lesions. Frequently they are compared to malignant head and neck tumors, in particular when a curative treatment can no longer be assured because of diffuse or multifocal extent and when the disease shows a progressive course. The combined treatment of embolization and surgical resection and if necessary consecutive defect reconstruction have turned out to be appropriate for arterio-venous malformations. Incurable findings are still a major challenge. Despite the introduction of antiangiogenetic drugs in oncology, the medicamentous therapeutic approach could not be established for arterio-venous malformations up to now. PMID:25587362

  16. A unique advantage for giant eyes in giant squid.

    PubMed

    Nilsson, Dan-Eric; Warrant, Eric J; Johnsen, Snke; Hanlon, Roger; Shashar, Nadav

    2012-04-24

    Giant and colossal deep-sea squid (Architeuthis and Mesonychoteuthis) have the largest eyes in the animal kingdom [1, 2], but there is no explanation for why they would need eyes that are nearly three times the diameter of those of any other extant animal. Here we develop a theory for visual detection in pelagic habitats, which predicts that such giant eyes are unlikely to evolve for detecting mates or prey at long distance but are instead uniquely suited for detecting very large predators, such as sperm whales. We also provide photographic documentation of an eyeball of about 27 cm with a 9 cm pupil in a giant squid, and we predict that, below 600 m depth, it would allow detection of sperm whales at distances exceeding 120 m. With this long range of vision, giant squid get an early warning of approaching sperm whales. Because the sonar range of sperm whales exceeds 120 m [3-5], we hypothesize that a well-prepared and powerful evasive response to hunting sperm whales may have driven the evolution of huge dimensions in both eyes and bodies of giant and colossal squid. Our theory also provides insights into the vision of Mesozoic ichthyosaurs with unusually large eyes. PMID:22425154

  17. Diabetes and Hepatitis B Vaccination

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Hepatitis B can be spread through sharing needles, syringes, or other injection equipment. In addition, the hepatitis ... devices or other diabetes-care equipment such as syringes or insulin pens. How infectious is the hepatitis ...

  18. Hepatitis B: Information for Parents

    MedlinePLUS

    ... PARENT S | DISEASES and the VACCINES THAT PREVENT THEM | Hepatitis B and the Vaccine (Shot) to Prevent It Last ... February 2014 The best way to protect against hepatitis B is by getting the hepatitis B vaccine. Doctors ...

  19. Clump Giants in the Hyades

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mushotzky, Richard F. (Technical Monitor); Brickhouse, Nancy

    2003-01-01

    The project is entitled 'Clump Giants in the Hyades.' This observation of one of the late-type Hyades giants (Gamma Tau) has implications for understanding the formation of late-type stellar coronae as a function of the evolutionary state of the star. The Hyades giants are interesting because they are all clump giants in the Helium burning phase, similar to the cool primary of Capella. The Hyades giants show significantly more magnetic activity than expected from their state of evolution (and slowed-down rotation). Thus these systems provide an important clue to dynamo action. The data were obtained by the satellite on 13 March 2001 for a total RGS exposure of 58220 seconds. These data were delivered to the PI on 7 August 2001. The data could not be reprocessed until SAS Version 5.3.3 which became available 7 June 2002. Although the guidelines for assessing background rates suggested that half the data were contaminated, it does not appear that the spectral region of the RGS was adversely affected by unusually high background. The spectra show strong lines of Fe XVII and XVIII, O VII and VIII, Ne IX and X, along with numerous weaker lines. The emission measure distribution is highly reminiscent of Capella; if anything, the emission measure distribution is steeper at 6 million K than for Capella. Gamma Tau is the second brightest of the Hyades clump giants. Pallavicini et al. have shown that the luminosity of the brightest Hyades giant (Theta Tau) is remarkably similar to its luminosity as measured by Einstein. Short-term variability is also modest. We are addressing the variability issue now for Gamma Tau. Initial results were reported at the 2003 Seattle AAS meeting. A paper is in preparation for submission to the Astrophysical Journal.

  20. Formation of the giant planets

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lissauer, Jack J.

    2006-01-01

    The observed properties of giant planets, models of their evolution and observations of protoplanetary disks provide constraints on the formation of gas giant planets. The four largest planets in our Solar System contain considerable quantities of hydrogen and helium, which could not have condensed into solid planetesimals within the protoplanetary disk. All three (transiting) extrasolar giant planets with well determined masses and radii also must contain substantial amounts of these light gases. Jupiter and Saturn are mostly hydrogen and helium, but have larger abundances of heavier elements than does the Sun. Neptune and Uranus are primarily composed of heavier elements. HD 149026 b, which is slightly more massive than is Saturn, appears to have comparable quantities of light gases and heavy elements. HD 209458 b and TrES-1 are primarily hydrogen and helium, but may contain supersolar abundances of heavy elements. Spacecraft flybys and observations of satellite orbits provide estimates of the gravitational moments of the giant planets in our Solar System, which in turn provide information on the internal distribution of matter within Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Atmospheric thermal structure and heat flow measurements constrain the interior temperatures of planets. Internal processes may cause giant planets to become more compositionally differentiated or alternatively more homogeneous; high-pressure laboratory .experiments provide data useful for modeling these processes. The preponderance of evidence supports the core nucleated gas accretion model. According to this model, giant planets begin their growth by the accumulation of small solid bodies, as do terrestrial planets. However, unlike terrestrial planets, the growing giant planet cores become massive enough that they are able to accumulate substantial amounts of gas before the protoplanetary disk dissipates. The primary questions regarding the core nucleated growth model is under what conditions planets with small cores/total heavy element abundances can accrete gaseous envelopes within the lifetimes of gaseous protoplanetary disks.

  1. Proposal of an ultrasonographic classification for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis: Echinococcosis multilocularis Ulm classification-ultrasound

    PubMed Central

    Kratzer, Wolfgang; Gruener, Beate; Kaltenbach, Tanja EM; Ansari-Bitzenberger, Sarina; Kern, Peter; Fuchs, Michael; Mason, Richard A; Barth, Thomas FE; Haenle, Mark M; Hillenbrand, Andreas; Oeztuerk, Suemeyra; Graeter, Tilmann

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To establish an ultrasonographic classification based on a large sample of patients with confirmed hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (AE). METHODS: Clinical data and ultrasonography (US) findings of 185 patients (100 males; 85 females; mean age at diagnosis: 51.4 17.6 years; mean age at time of US examination: 58.7 18.2 years) were retrospectively reviewed with respect to the US morphology of hepatic AE lesions. The sonomorphological findings were grouped according to a five-part classification scheme. RESULTS: Application of the new classification resulted in the following distribution of sonomorphological patterns among the patients examined: hailstorm (54.1%); pseudocystic (13.5%); ossification (13.0%); hemangioma-like (8.1%); and metastasis-like (6.5%). Only 4.9% of lesions could not be assigned to a sonomorphological pattern. CONCLUSION: The sonomorphological classification proposed in the present study facilitates the diagnosis, interpretation and comparison of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in routine practice and in the context of scientific studies. PMID:26604646

  2. [Treatment for hepatic osteodystrophy].

    PubMed

    Kaji, Hiroshi

    2015-11-01

    Chronic liver diseases, including liver cirrhosis, are caused by various pathogenesis, such as viral hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, autoimmune hepatitis and steatohepatitis. There have not been enough clinical evidence about the treatment of hepatic osteodystrophy at the present time. Several reports suggested that bisphosphonates, such as alendronate, are effective for an increase in bone mineral density in patients with chronic liver disease. Vitamin D treatment might be useful for the frequent prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the pathogenesis of hepatic oseodystrophy. The use of estrogens will be limited for the risk of liver dysfunction and hepatocellular carcinoma. PMID:26503875

  3. Hepatitis C: Information on Testing and Diagnosis

    MedlinePLUS

    HEPATITIS C Information on Testing & Diagnosis What is Hepatitis C? Hepatitis C is a serious liver disease that results from infection with the Hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis C has been called a silent ...

  4. Hepatic manifestations of celiac disease

    PubMed Central

    Freeman, Hugh James

    2010-01-01

    Different hepatic and biliary tract disorders may occur with celiac disease. Some have been hypothesized to share genetic or immunopathogenetic factors, such as primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, and autoimmune hepatitis. Other hepatic changes in celiac disease may occur with malnutrition resulting from impaired nutrient absorption, including hepatic steatosis. In addition, celiac disease may be associated with rare hepatic complications, such as hepatic T-cell lymphoma. PMID:21694844

  5. Single Cavernous Hemangioma of the Small Bowel Diagnosed by Using Capsule Endoscopy in a Child with Chronic Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    PubMed Central

    Bae, Soo Jin; Hwang, Geol; Kang, Hyun Sik; Song, Hyun Joo; Chang, Weon Young; Maeng, Young Hee

    2015-01-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas of the gastrointestinal tract are extremely rare. In particular, the diagnosis of small bowel hemangiomas is very difficult in children. A 13-year-old boy presented at the outpatient clinic with dizziness and fatigue. The patient was previously diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia at 3 years of age and had been treated with iron supplements continuously and pure red cell transfusion intermittently. Laboratory tests indicated that the patient currently had iron-deficiency anemia. There was no evidence of gross bleeding, such as hematemesis or bloody stool. Laboratory findings indicated no bleeding tendency. Gastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy results were negative. To obtain a definitive diagnosis, the patient underwent capsule endoscopy. A purplish stalked mass was found in the jejunum, and the mass was excised successfully. We report of a 13-year-old boy who presented with severe and recurrent iron-deficiency anemia caused by a cavernous hemangioma in the small bowel without symptoms of gastrointestinal bleeding. PMID:26240811

  6. Ovarian Cavernous Hemangioma Presenting as a Large Growing Mass in a Postmenopausal Woman: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Sun Suk; Han, Si Eun; Lee, Nam Kyung; Choi, Kyung Un; Joo, Jong Kil; Suh, Dong Soo; Kim, Heung Yeol

    2015-01-01

    Ovarian hemangiomas are usually of the cavernous type, and are rarely encountered. A 73-year-old woman presented with lower abdominal discomfort. Subsequent physical examination depicted a palpable mass in the lower abdomen. Abdominopelvic computed tomography (CT) revealed a well-circumscribed mass with thin septa measuring 12.1 9.0 cm in the right ovary. Levels of the tumor markers cancer antigen (CA)-125 and CA 19-9 were within the normal range. At laparoscopy, the tumor was found to be confined to the right ovary and to have a smooth surface. The final histopathological result was ovarian cavernous hemangioma. Microscopically, the mass consisted of multiple, dilated, blood-filled vascular channels separated by loose connective tissue, and all were lined by a single layer of flattened endothelium. The authors present a case of ovarian cavernous hemangioma presenting as a large growing mass in a postmenopausal woman and review previously published literature.

  7. Ovarian Cavernous Hemangioma Presenting as a Large Growing Mass in a Postmenopausal Woman: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sun Suk; Han, Si Eun; Lee, Nam Kyung; Choi, Kyung Un; Joo, Jong Kil; Suh, Dong Soo; Kim, Heung Yeol; Kim, Ki Hyung

    2015-12-01

    Ovarian hemangiomas are usually of the cavernous type, and are rarely encountered. A 73-year-old woman presented with lower abdominal discomfort. Subsequent physical examination depicted a palpable mass in the lower abdomen. Abdominopelvic computed tomography (CT) revealed a well-circumscribed mass with thin septa measuring 12.1 9.0 cm in the right ovary. Levels of the tumor markers cancer antigen (CA)-125 and CA 19-9 were within the normal range. At laparoscopy, the tumor was found to be confined to the right ovary and to have a smooth surface. The final histopathological result was ovarian cavernous hemangioma. Microscopically, the mass consisted of multiple, dilated, blood-filled vascular channels separated by loose connective tissue, and all were lined by a single layer of flattened endothelium. The authors present a case of ovarian cavernous hemangioma presenting as a large growing mass in a postmenopausal woman and review previously published literature. PMID:26793681

  8. [Hepatic artery embolization for primary hepatic carcinoma].

    PubMed

    Ye, W J

    1989-03-01

    Twenty patients with primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC) treated by hepatic arterial embolization in our department from Dec. 1986 to Mar. 1987 are reported. There were 15 males and 5 females. The ages ranged from 34 to 75 years with an average of 50.7. Preoperative diagnosis and localization of the tumor were done by AFP, B-us, CT and angiography (right lobe 15 cases, left lobe 1 case, both lobes 4 cases). Celiac and superior mesenteric angiography was carried out by femoral artery approach and then highly selective hepatic catheterization was utilized for hepatic arterial embolization. Antitumor agent (5-Fu, adriamycin), iophendylate and foamy gel sponge were used for peripheral and proximal embolization. Manifestations were improved in most of the patients after embolization, such as relief of abdominal pain, improvement of appetite, decrease of tumor size. Total necrosis of the tumor was found in 2 patients who underwent surgery 1 month after embolization. The side effects of the posthepatic embolization such as, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and fever could be relieved by symptomatic treatment. No severe complications, such as gangrene of the gall bladder, hepatic failure, liver abscess, intestinal necrosis or pulmonary embolization were found except 3 patients who died of renal failure after the procedure. The liver dys-function returned to normal within 2 weeks. Hepatic arterial embolization provides an alternative treatment for the patients with PHC who has compensated liver function without severe systemic diseases, especially renal endocrine problems and severe portal hypertension. They should have patent portal system as proved by angiography. The authors considered that this therapeutic embolization with hepatic chemotherapy infusion is safe and effective in the management of PHC. It may increase the resectability and provide palliative means for the advanced and terminal cases. PMID:2553366

  9. Giant Magellan Telescope: overview

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johns, Matt; McCarthy, Patrick; Raybould, Keith; Bouchez, Antonin; Farahani, Arash; Filgueira, Jose; Jacoby, George; Shectman, Steve; Sheehan, Michael

    2012-09-01

    The Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) is a 25-meter optical/infrared extremely large telescope that is being built by an international consortium of universities and research institutions. It will be located at the Las Campanas Observatory, Chile. The GMT primary mirror consists of seven 8.4-m borosilicate honeycomb mirror segments made at the Steward Observatory Mirror Lab (SOML). Six identical off-axis segments and one on-axis segment are arranged on a single nearly-paraboloidal parent surface having an overall focal ratio of f/0.7. The fabrication, testing and verification procedures required to produce the closely-matched off-axis mirror segments were developed during the production of the first mirror. Production of the second and third off-axis segments is underway. GMT incorporates a seven-segment Gregorian adaptive secondary to implement three modes of adaptive-optics operation: natural-guide star AO, laser-tomography AO, and ground-layer AO. A wide-field corrector/ADC is available for use in seeing-limited mode over a 20-arcmin diameter field of view. Up to seven instruments can be mounted simultaneously on the telescope in a large Gregorian Instrument Rotator. Conceptual design studies were completed for six AO and seeing-limited instruments, plus a multi-object fiber feed, and a roadmap for phased deployment of the GMT instrument suite is being developed. The partner institutions have made firm commitments for approximately 45% of the funds required to build the telescope. Project Office efforts are currently focused on advancing the telescope and enclosure design in preparation for subsystem- and system-level preliminary design reviews which are scheduled to be completed in the first half of 2013.

  10. Rotation of Giant Stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kissin, Yevgeni; Thompson, Christopher

    2015-07-01

    The internal rotation of post-main sequence stars is investigated, in response to the convective pumping of angular momentum toward the stellar core, combined with a tight magnetic coupling between core and envelope. The spin evolution is calculated using model stars of initial mass 1, 1.5, and 5 {M}⊙ , taking into account mass loss on the giant branches. We also include the deposition of orbital angular momentum from a sub-stellar companion, as influenced by tidal drag along with the excitation of orbital eccentricity by a fluctuating gravitational quadrupole moment. A range of angular velocity profiles {{Ω }}(r) is considered in the envelope, extending from solid rotation to constant specific angular momentum. We focus on the backreaction of the Coriolis force, and the threshold for dynamo action in the inner envelope. Quantitative agreement with measurements of core rotation in subgiants and post-He core flash stars by Kepler is obtained with a two-layer angular velocity profile: uniform specific angular momentum where the Coriolis parameter {Co}\\equiv {{Ω }}{τ }{con}≲ 1 (here {τ }{con} is the convective time), and {{Ω }}(r)\\propto {r}-1 where {Co}≳ 1. The inner profile is interpreted in terms of a balance between the Coriolis force and angular pressure gradients driven by radially extended convective plumes. Inward angular momentum pumping reduces the surface rotation of subgiants, and the need for a rejuvenated magnetic wind torque. The co-evolution of internal magnetic fields and rotation is considered in Kissin & Thompson, along with the breaking of the rotational coupling between core and envelope due to heavy mass loss.

  11. Successful use of topical Ankaferd Blood Stopper for repetitive bleedings in an infant with infantile hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Annagr, Ali; Altunhan, Hseyin; Konak, Murat; rs, Rahmi

    2012-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common vascular tumor of childhood. A major feature of this tumor is rapid growth during a proliferation phase in the first year of life, followed by contraction through a slow involution phase. Several complications may emerge during this course. Bleeding at the site of the lesion and infection are the most common complications. Ankaferd Blood Stopper (ABS) is a hemostatic agent produced as a mixture of five separate plant extracts. Provision of hemostasis by ABS is independent from coagulation factors and the standard coagulation cascade. Furthermore, ABS has an antimicrobial effect. In this article, we have presented a seven-year-old infant with IH on the lower lip who had been admitted with the symptoms of frequent bleedings and infection, and who was successfully treated with topical ABS in terms of control of bleeding and infection. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of IH that has been treated with ABS for bleeding. PMID:22993655

  12. Successful use of topical "Ankaferd Blood Stopper" for repetitive bleedings in an infant with infantile hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Annagr, Ali; Altunhan, Hseyin; Konak, Murat; Ors, Rahmi

    2012-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common vascular tumor of childhood. A major feature of this tumor is rapid growth during a proliferation phase in the first year of life, followed by contraction through a slow involution phase. Several complications may emerge during this course. Bleeding at the site of the lesion and infection are the most common complications. 'Ankaferd Blood Stopper' (ABS) is a hemostatic agent produced as a mixture of five separate plant extracts. Provision of hemostasis by ABS is independent from coagulation factors and the standard coagulation cascade. Furthermore, ABS has an antimicrobial effect. In this article, we have presented a seven-year-old infant with IH on the lower lip who had been admitted with the symptoms of frequent bleedings and infection, and who was successfully treated with topical ABS in terms of control of bleeding and infection. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of IH that has been treated with ABS for bleeding. PMID:22993655

  13. Radiotherapy for Symptomatic Vertebral Hemangiomas: Results of a Multicenter Study and Literature Review

    SciTech Connect

    Heyd, Reinhard; Seegenschmiedt, M. Heinrich; Rades, Dirk; Winkler, Cornelia; Eich, Hans T.; Bruns, Frank; Gosheger, Georg; Willich, Normann; Micke, Oliver

    2010-05-01

    Purpose: The current study analyzes the potential role of radiotherapy (RT) in symptomatic vertebral hemangioma (SVH). Methods and Materials: Seven cooperating German institutions collected clinical information, treatment plans, and outcome data for all patients with SVH referred for local RT. Results: From 1969 to 2008, a total of 84 patients with 96 symptomatic lesions were irradiated for SVH. The primary indication for radiotherapy was pain (97.6%), and 28.6% of patients had additional neurological symptoms. RT was performed at a median total dose of 34 Gy, with a median single dose of 2.0 Gy. After receiving a median follow-up of 68 months, the overall patient response rate was 90.5%. Complete symptom remission occurred in 61.9% of patients, 28.6% of patients had partial pain relief, and 9.5% of patients had no pain relief. In 26.2% of patients, radiological signs of reossification were observed in long-term follow-up but not significantly correlated with pain relief. Most importantly, total doses of >=34 Gy resulted in significantly greater symptomatic relief and control rate than total doses of <34 Gy. Conclusions: This study consists of the largest database of cases reported so far using RT for SVH. RT is easy, safe, and effective for pain relief treatment for SVH. Total doses of at least 34 Gy give the best symptomatic response.

  14. Epithelioid Hemangioma (Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia With Eosinophilia) of the Heart With Peripheral Eosinophilia and Nephrotic Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Machado, Isidro; Chong, Agustín; Serrano, Anisia; Naranjo Ugalde, Alfredo Mario; Pineda, Damian; Savón, Laynes; Olivera, Ever; Llombart-Bosch, Antonio

    2016-02-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) is a rare benign vascular lesion, characterized by endothelial cells with epithelioid/histiocytoid appearance. Heart involvement is extremely rare. We present an unusual case of cardiac EH in a young woman with supraventricular arrhythmia, nephrotic syndrome (membranous glomerulopathy), and peripheral eosinophilia after a pregnancy and normal partum resembling Kimura disease. Echocardiogram showed a large tumor mass in the right cardiac ventricle. The cardiac tumor was removed and the histopathology revealed an endothelial proliferation associated with abundant eosinophils. The neoplastic endothelial cells were eosinophilic and polygonal with epithelioid/histiocytoid morphology. Lymphoid nodules were occasionally seen. The neoplastic cells were positive for CD34, CD31, ERG, and factor VIII and negative for CK. A diagnosis of EH was rendered. The patient was alive and well after surgical resection. EH and Kimura disease represent separate entities, but clinical and/or histological overlapping can be observed. Epithelioid/histiocytoid endothelial cells constitute the hallmark feature that favors a final diagnosis of EH. PMID:26338719

  15. Congenital cutaneous hemangioma causing cardiac failure: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Weitz, Nicole A; Lauren, Christine T; Starc, Thomas J; Kandel, Jessica J; Bateman, David A; Morel, Kimberly D; Meyers, Philip M; Kadenhe-Chiweshe, Angela; Wu, June K; Garzon, Maria C

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of a large congenital hemangioma (CH) on the neck causing cardiac failure and thrombocytopenia in a female neonate. A trial of medical therapy with corticosteroids and propranolol was attempted, but the patient ultimately underwent definitive treatment with embolization and surgical resection with a positive outcome. A review of the English language literature revealed 16 previously reported cases of CHs complicated by congestive heart failure. This series supports known demographic features of CHs, including a lack of gender discrepancy and a predilection to affect the head and neck. These CHs are rarely diagnosed in utero; most patients present with a mass at birth. Cardiac failure is identified prenatally or in the first days of life. A mild to moderate thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy, which is likely transient and distinct from classic Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon, accompanies many of these cases. There is a 30% associated mortality rate. Both medical and interventional treatment modalities have been reported. Steroids are the most commonly used medication, but without any clear benefit. We hypothesize that, based on its possible mechanisms of action,propranolol may be a more effective treatment for CHs requiring treatment. As surgical intervention may be necessary, we recommend a multidisciplinary approach to treating patients with problematic CHs. PMID:23025620

  16. Cavernous hemangioma of the liver. A single institution report of 16 resections.

    PubMed Central

    Schwartz, S I; Husser, W C

    1987-01-01

    Over the past 27 years cavernous hemangioma of the liver has been diagnosed in 12 nonoperated patients and in 16 patients who had resection of the lesion at Strong Memorial Hospital. In almost all patients the diagnosis was suggested by an imaging procedure. In the 12 nonoperated patients the average size of the tumor was 4.7 cm (range: 3-8 cm). No problems related to the tumor occurred during the follow-up period. The average size of the resected lesion was 10 cm (range: 4-32 cm). The usual indication for resection was pain, mass, or a combination of these manifestations. Five lobectomies, five left lateral segmentectomies, two trisegmentectomies, two segmentectomies, and two enucleations were performed. There were no postoperative deaths. Review of the literature indicates that although rapid growth of the lesion occurred during pregnancy in one patient, the effects of pregnancy or contraceptive drugs on growth are inconsistent. Spontaneous rupture occurs infrequently, and the potential for rupture should not constitute an indication for resection, which should be performed selectively. Intraoperative blood loss may be appreciable, but a mortality rate near 0% has been reported in all institutional series. Images Figs. 2A-D. Figs. 3A-C. Figs. 3A-C. Figs. 4A and B. PMID:3555360

  17. Characterizing infantile hemangiomas with a near-infrared spectroscopic handheld wireless device

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fong, Christopher J.; Hoi, Jennifer W.; Kim, Hyun K.; Behr, Gerald; Geller, Lauren; Antonov, Nina; Flexman, Molly; Garzon, Maria; Hielscher, Andreas H.

    2015-03-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are common vascular growths that occur in 5-10% of neonates and have the potential to cause disfiguring and even life-threatening complications. Currently, no objective tool exist to monitor either progression or treatment of IH. To address this unmet clinical need, we have developed a handheld wireless device (HWD) that uses diffuse optical spectroscopy for the assessment of IH. The system employs 4 wavelengths (l=780nm, 805nm, 850nm, and 905nm) and 6 source-detector pairs with distances between 0.6 and 20 mm. Placed on the skin surface, backreflection data is obtained and a multispectral evolution algorithm is used to determine total hemoglobin concentration and tissue oxygen saturation. First results of an ongoing pilot study involving 13 patients (average enrollment age = 25 months) suggest that an increase in hypoxic stress over time can lead to the proliferation of IH. Involuting IH lesions showed an increase in tissue oxygen saturation as well as a decrease in total hemoglobin.

  18. Erythropoietic and hepatic porphyrias.

    PubMed

    Gross, U; Hoffmann, G F; Doss, M O

    2000-11-01

    Porphyrias are divided into erythropoietic and hepatic manifestations. Erythropoietic porphyrias are characterized by cutaneous symptoms and appear in early childhood. Erythropoietic protoporphyria is complicated by cholestatic liver cirrhosis and progressive hepatic failure in 10%, of patients. Acute hepatic porphyrias (delta-aminolaevulinic acid dehydratase deficiency porphyria, acute intermittent porphyria, hereditary coproporphyria and variegate porphyria) are characterized by variable extrahepatic gastrointestinal, neurological-psychiatric and cardiovascular manifestations requiring early diagnosis to avoid life-threatening complications. Acute hepatic porphyrias are pharmacogenetic and molecular regulatory diseases (without porphyrin accumulation) mainly induced by drugs, sex hormones, fasting or alcohol. The disease process depends on the derepression of hepatic delta-aminolaevulinic acid synthase following haem depletion. In contrast to the acute porphyrias, nonacute, chronic hepatic porphyrias such as porphyria cutanea tarda are porphyrin accumulation disorders leading to cutaneous symptoms associated with liver disease, especially caused by alcohol or viral hepatitis. Alcohol, oestrogens, haemodialysis, hepatitis C and AIDS are triggering factors. Porphyria cutanea tarda is the most common porphyria, followed by acute intermittent porphyria and erythropoietic protoporphyria. The molecular genetics of the porphyrias is very heterogenous. Nearly every family has its own mutation. The mutations identified account for the corresponding enzymatic deficiencies, which may remain clinically silent throughout life. Thus, the recognition of the overt disorder with extrahepatic manifestations depends on the demonstration of biochemical abnormalities due to these primary defects and compensatory hepatic overexpression of hepatic delta-aminolaevulinic acid synthase in the acute porphyrias. Consequently, haem precursors are synthesized in excess. The increased metabolites upstream of the enzymatic defect are excreted into urine and faeces. The diagnosis is based on their evaluation. Primary enzymatic or molecular analyses are noncontributary and may be misleading. Acute polysymptomatic exacerbations accompany a high excretory constellation of porphyrin precursors delta-aminolaevulinic acid and porphobilinogen. Homozygous or compound heterozygous variants of acute hepatic porphyrias may already manifest in childhood. PMID:11117426

  19. Therapy of Delta Hepatitis.

    PubMed

    Yurdaydin, Cihan; Idilman, Ramazan

    2015-10-01

    Delta hepatitis is the less frequently encountered but most severe form of viral hepatitis. Acute delta hepatitis, as a result of coinfection with hepatitis B and hepatitis delta, is rare, but may lead to fulminant hepatitis, and no therapy exists for this form. Chronic delta hepatitis (CDH) mostly develops as a result of superinfection of a hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier with hepatitis delta virus (HDV). In general, HDV is the dominant virus. However, a dynamic shift of the dominant virus may occur with time in rare instances, and hepatitis B virus (HBV) may become the dominant virus, at which time nucleos(t)ide analog therapy may be indicated. Otherwise, the only established management of CDH consists of conventional or pegylated interferon therapy, which has to be administered at doses used for hepatitis B for a duration of at least 1 year. Posttreatment week-24 virologic response is the most widely used surrogate marker of treatment efficacy, but it does not represent a sustained virologic response, and late relapse can occur. As an easy-to-use simple serological test, anti-HDV-immunoglobulin M (IgM) correlates with histological inflammatory activity and clinical long-term outcome; however, it is not as sensitive as HDV RNA in assessing treatment response. No evidence-based rules for treating CDH exist, and treatment duration needs to be individualized based on virologic response at end of treatment or end of follow-up. Effective treatment may decrease liver-related complications, such as decompensation or liver-related mortality. In patients with decompensated cirrhosis, interferons are contraindicated and liver transplantation has to be considered. Alternative treatment options are an urgent need in CDH. New treatment strategies targeting different steps of the HDV life cycle, such as hepatocyte entry inhibitors or prenylation inhibitors, are emerging and provide hope for the future. PMID:26253093

  20. Study on computer-aided diagnosis of hepatic MR imaging and mammography

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang Xuejun

    2005-04-01

    It is well known that the liver is an organ easily attacked by diseases. The purpose of this study is to develop a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) scheme for helping radiologists to differentiate hepatic diseases more efficiently. Our software named LIVERANN integrated the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings with different pulse sequences to classify the five categories of hepatic diseases by using the artificial neural network (ANN) method. The intensity and homogeneity within the region of interest (ROI) delineated by a radiologist were automatically calculated to obtain numerical data by the program for input signals to the ANN. Outputs were the five pathological categories of hepatic diseases (hepatic cyst, hepatocellular carcinoma, dysplasia in cirrhosis, cavernous hemangioma, and metastasis). The experiment demonstrated a testing accuracy of 93% from 80 patients. In order to differentiate the cirrhosis from normal liver, the volume ratio of left to whole (LTW) was proposed to quantify the degree of cirrhosis by three-dimensional (3D) volume analysis. The liver region was firstly extracted from computed tomography (CT) or MR slices based on edge detection algorithms, and then separated into left lobe and right lobe by the hepatic umbilical fissure. The volume ratio of these two parts showed that the LTW ratio in the liver was significantly improved in the differentiation performance, with (25.6%{+-}4.3%) in cirrhosis versus the normal liver (16.4%{+-}5.4%). In addition, the application of the ANN method for detecting clustered microcalcifications in masses on mammograms was described here as well. A new structural ANN, so-called a shift-invariant artificial neural network (SIANN), was integrated with our triple-ring filter (TRF) method in our CAD system. As the result, the sensitivity of detecting clusters was improved from 90% by our previous TRF method to 95% by using both SIANN and TRF.

  1. Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Clinical Trial Journal Articles Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis April 2015 Questions and Answers about Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis This publication contains general information about polymyalgia ...

  2. Structure of giant muscle proteins

    PubMed Central

    Meyer, Logan C.; Wright, Nathan T.

    2013-01-01

    Giant muscle proteins (e.g., titin, nebulin, and obscurin) play a seminal role in muscle elasticity, stretch response, and sarcomeric organization. Each giant protein consists of multiple tandem structural domains, usually arranged in a modular fashion spanning 500 kDa to 4 MDa. Although many of the domains are similar in structure, subtle differences create a unique function of each domain. Recent high and low resolution structural and dynamic studies now suggest more nuanced overall protein structures than previously realized. These findings show that atomic structure, interactions between tandem domains, and intrasarcomeric environment all influence the shape, motion, and therefore function of giant proteins. In this article we will review the current understanding of titin, obscurin, and nebulin structure, from the atomic level through the molecular level. PMID:24376425

  3. CMB lensing and giant rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rathaus, Ben; Itzhaki, Nissan

    2012-05-01

    We study the CMB lensing signature of a pre-inationary particle (PIP), assuming it is responsible for the giant rings anomaly that was found recently in the WMAP data. Simulating Planck-like data we find that generically the CMB lensing signal to noise ratio associated with such a PIP is quite small and it would be difficult to cross correlate the temperature giant rings with the CMB lensing signal. However, if the pre-inationary particle is also responsible for the bulk flow measured from the local large scale structure, which happens to point roughly at the same direction as the giant rings, then the CMB lensing signal to noise ratio is fairly significant.

  4. Giant myoma and erythrocytosis syndrome.

    PubMed

    Ozsaran, A A; Itil, I M; Terek, C; Kazandi, M; Dikmen, Y

    1999-08-01

    The objective of this study is to discuss the myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome in a patient with a giant subserous uterine myoma. She presented with plethora and an abdominal mass. After venesection of 4 units of blood, the preoperative haematocrit value of 53.3% and haemoglobin value of 17.5 g/dL had decreased to 48.6% and 16.8 g/dL levels, respectively. After the operative extraction of the giant subserous myoma with attached uterus weighing 14.2 kg, the haematocrit and the haemoglobin values had regressed to 40.3% and 14.3 g/dL levels, respectively. The findings indicated that the giant subserous myoma was the cause of the myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome in this patient. PMID:10554963

  5. Giant lobelias exemplify convergent evolution

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Giant lobeliads on tropical mountains in East Africa and Hawaii have highly unusual, giant-rosette growth forms that appear to be convergent on each other and on those of several independently evolved groups of Asteraceae and other families. A recent phylogenetic analysis by Antonelli, based on sequencing the widest selection of lobeliads to date, raises doubts about this paradigmatic example of convergent evolution. Here I address the kinds of evidence needed to test for convergent evolution and argue that the analysis by Antonelli fails on four points. Antonelli's analysis makes several important contributions to our understanding of lobeliad evolution and geographic spread, but his claim regarding convergence appears to be invalid. Giant lobeliads in Hawaii and Africa represent paradigmatic examples of convergent evolution. PMID:20074322

  6. Multiparametric sonographic imaging of a capillary hemangioma of the testis: appearances on gray-scale, color Doppler, contrast-enhanced ultrasound and strain elastography.

    PubMed

    Bernardo, Silvia; Konstantatou, Eleni; Huang, Dean Y; Deganello, Annamaria; Philippidou, Marianna; Brown, Christian; Sellars, Maria E; Sidhu, Paul S

    2016-03-01

    We report a case of a lobular capillary hemangioma in a 66-year-old man, who presented with left testicular pain, with an asymptomatic incidental right testicular lesion found on ultrasonography. The sonographic examination demonstrated a heterogeneous mainly iso-echoic intratesticular lesion with marked vascularity on the color Doppler examination. Further evaluation with contrast-enhanced ultrasound and strain elastography was performed; the multiparametric imaging suggested a benign tumor. The multidisciplinary team decision with patient consent was to perform a radical orchiectomy with subsequent histopathology confirming a benign lobular capillary hemangioma. PMID:26941881

  7. [Hepatic angiosarcoma and liver transplantation: case report and literature review].

    TOXLINE Toxicology Bibliographic Information

    Huerta-Orozco LD; Leonher-Ruezga KL; Ramrez-Gonzlez LR; Hermosillo-Sandoval JM; Sandoval-Alvarado Jde J; Morn-Galaviz RE

    2015-11-01

    BACKGROUND: Hepatic angiosarcoma is a rare vascular malignancy that accounts for 2% of all hepatic primary tumours. The diagnosis is difficult, especially if the patient does not have history of exposure to carcinogens, which are considered as risk factors. The diagnosis is made by histopathology, but in a considerable percentage it can only be accomplished by autopsy. The performing of fine needle aspiration biopsy can lead to bleeding, with limitations in its use.CLINICAL CASE: A 41 year-old male, with no history of exposure to carcinogens, who developed abdominal pain secondary to a haemoperitoneum due to tumour rupture, was diagnosed by imaging methods with a giant cavernous hepatic haemangioma. He was initially treated with embolisation, and later with a liver transplant. After six months he developed haemoptysis secondary to lung metastasis. The autopsy reported metastatic hepatic angiosarcoma.DISCUSSION: This condition has been related to carcinogen exposure, with malignant transformation from a benign vascular neoplasia being proposed as a hypothesis. The differential diagnosis can be achieved with imaging studies such as CT scan, and the definitive diagnosis is made by histopathology with immunohistochemistry tests, with 35%-100% being made in the autopsy.CONCLUSION: Hepatic angiosarcoma is a malignant vascular neoplasia, the potential curative option is surgery with tumour free margins. Liver transplantation remains controversial because of its poor prognosis in the short term.

  8. Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma in a Dog.

    PubMed

    Hiscox, Lorraine A; Dumais, Yvan

    2015-01-01

    Peripheral giant cell granuloma is considered rare in the dog with little known about the clinicopathologic features. There are few reports in the veterinary literature concerning this benign, reactive lesion, formerly known as giant cell epulis. In humans, the four most commonly described reactive epulides are focal fibrous hyperplasia (fibrous epulis), pyogenic granuloma, peripheral ossifying fibroma, and peripheral giant cell granuloma. This case report describes the diagnosis and surgical management of a peripheral giant cell granuloma in a dog. PMID:26415387

  9. Spectra of Irradiated Giant Planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burrows, Adam; Sudarsky, David

    2002-11-01

    As many as 101 extrasolar giant planets (EGPs) have been detected by radial-velocity techniques, but none has been detected directly by its own emission or by reflection of the light from its parent star. We review the current state-of-the-art in the theoretical modeling of the spectra of giant planets outside the solar system and the basic theory of EGP spectra and atmospheres. We are now entering a new era of planet discovery and measurement. This contribution is meant to communicate some of the excitement in the astronomical community as the hunt for these exotic and remarkable objects accelerates.

  10. New theory for giant loops.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brandt, J. C.; Maran, S. P.

    1972-01-01

    Four very large, shell-shaped features are known from the surveys of radio emission from the Galaxy. It is suggested that the giant loops represent a class of nebulae, induced by supernova radiation as opposed to supernova ejecta. The model considered provides a qualitative explanation for the spectral and polarization properties of the radio emission from giant loops. The radio emitting electrons are part of the general cosmic ray gas and need not arise specifically in the supernova that produced the fossil Stroemgren sphere.

  11. Chemical Abundances of Symbiotic Giants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ga?an, C.; Miko?ajewska, J.; Hinkle, K. H.; Joyce, R. R.

    2015-12-01

    High resolution (R 50000), near-IR spectra were used to measure photospheric abundances of CNO and elements around the iron peak for 24 symbiotic giants. Spectrum synthesis was employed using local thermal equilibrium and hydrostatic model atmospheres. The metallicities are distributed in a wide range with maximum around [Fe/H] -0.4 - - 0.3 dex. Enrichment in 14N indicates that all the sample giants have experienced the first dredge-up. The relative abundance of [Ti/Fe] is generally large in red symbiotic systems.

  12. Charting the Giants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2004-06-01

    Largest Census Of X-Ray Galaxy Clusters Provides New Constraints on Dark Matter [1] Clusters of galaxies Clusters of galaxies are very large building blocks of the Universe. These gigantic structures contain hundreds to thousands of galaxies and, less visible but equally interesting, an additional amount of "dark matter" whose origin still defies the astronomers, with a total mass of thousands of millions of millions times the mass of our Sun. The comparatively nearby Coma cluster, for example, contains thousands of galaxies and measures more than 20 million light-years across. Another well-known example is the Virgo cluster at a distance of about 50 million light-years, and still stretching over an angle of more than 10 degrees in the sky! Clusters of galaxies form in the densest regions of the Universe. As such, they perfectly trace the backbone of the large-scale structures in the Universe, in the same way that lighthouses trace a coastline. Studies of clusters of galaxies therefore tell us about the structure of the enormous space in which we live. The REFLEX survey ESO PR Photo 18a/04 ESO PR Photo 18a/04 Galaxy Cluster RXCJ 1206.2-0848 (Visible and X-ray) [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 478 pix - 70k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 956 pix - 1.2Mk] Caption: PR Photo 18a shows the very massive distant cluster of galaxies RXCJ1206.2-0848, newly discovered during the REFLEX project, and located at a redshift of z = 0.44 [3]. The contours indicate the X-ray surface brightness distribution. Most of the yellowish galaxies are cluster members. A gravitationally lensed galaxy with a distorted, very elongated image is seen, just right of the centre. The image was obtained with the EFOSC multi-mode instrument on the ESO 3.6-m telescope at the La Silla Observatory (Chile). ESO PR Photo 18b/04 ESO PR Photo 18b/04 Galaxy cluster RXCJ1131.9-1955 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 477 pix - 40k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 953 pix - 912k] [FullRes - JPEG: 2251 x 2681 pix - 7.7Mk] Caption: PR Photo 18b displays the very massive galaxy cluster RXCJ1131.9-1955 at redshift z = 0.306 [3] in a very rich galaxy field with two major concentrations. It was originally found by George Abell and designated "Abell 1300". The image was obtained with the ESO/MPG 2.2-m telescope and the WFI camera at La Silla. ESO PR Photo 18c/04 ESO PR Photo 18c/04 Galaxy Cluster RXCJ0937.9-2020 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 746 pix - 60k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 1491 pix - 1.3M] [HiRes - JPEG: 2380 x 4437 pix - 14.2M] Caption: PR Photo 18c/04 shows the much smaller, more nearby galaxy group RXCJ0937.9-2020 at a redshift of z = 0.034 [3]. It is dominated by the massive elliptical galaxy seen at the top of the image. The photo covers only the southern part of this group. Such galaxy groups with typical masses of a few 1013 solar masses constitute the smallest objects included in the REFLEX catalogue. This image was obtained with the FORS1 multi-mode instrument on the ESO 8.2-m VLT Antu telescope. ESO PR Video Clip 05/04 ESO PR Video Clip 05/04 Galaxy Clusters in the REFLEX Catalogue (3D-visualization) [MPG - 11.7Mb] Caption: ESO PR Video Clip 05/04 illustrates the three-dimensional distribution of the galaxy clusters identfied in the ROSAT All-Sky survey in the northern and southern sky. In addition to the galaxy clusters in the REFLEX catalogue this movie also contains those identified during the ongoing, deeper search for X-ray clusters: the extension of the southern REFLEX Survey and the northern complementary survey that is conducted by the MPE team at the Calar Alto observatory and at US observatories in collaboration with John Huchra and coworkers at the Harvard-Smithonian Center for Astrophysics. In total, more than 1400 X-ray bright galaxy cluster have been found to date. (Prepared by Ferdinand Jamitzky.) Following this idea, a European team of astronomers [2], under the leadership of Hans Böhringer (MPE, Garching, Germany), Luigi Guzzo (INAF, Milano, Italy), Chris A. Collins (JMU, Liverpool), and Peter Schuecker (MPE, Garching) has embarked on a decade-long study of these gargantuan structures, trying to locate the most massive of clusters of galaxies. Since about one-fifth of the optically invisible mass of a cluster is in the form of a diffuse very hot gas with a temperature of the order of several tens of millions of degrees, clusters of galaxies produce powerful X-ray emission. They are therefore best discovered by means of X-ray satellites. For this fundamental study, the astronomers thus started by selecting candidate objects using data from the X-ray Sky Atlas compiled by the German ROSAT satellite survey mission. This was the beginning only - then followed a lot of tedious work: making the final identification of these objects in visible light and measuring the distance (i.e., redshift [3]) of the cluster candidates. The determination of the redshift was done by means of observations with several telescopes at the ESO La Silla Observatory in Chile, from 1992 to 1999. The brighter objects were observed with the ESO 1.5-m and the ESO/MPG 2.2-m telescopes, while for the more distant and fainter objects, the ESO 3.6-m telescope was used. Carried out at these telescopes, the 12 year-long programme is known to astronomers as the REFLEX (ROSAT-ESO Flux Limited X-ray) Cluster Survey. It has now been concluded with the publication of a unique catalogue with the characteristics of the 447 brightest X-ray clusters of galaxies in the southern sky. Among these, more than half the clusters were discovered during this survey. Constraining the dark matter content ESO PR Photo 18d/04 ESO PR Photo 18d/04 Constraints on Cosmological Parameters [Preview - JPEG: 400 pix x 572 - 37k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 1143 pix - 265k] Caption: PR Photo 18d demonstrates the current observational constraints on the cosmic density of all matter including dark matter (Ωm) and the dark energy (ΩΛ) relative to the density of a critical-density Universe (i.e., an expanding Universe which approaches zero expansion asymptotically after an infinite time and has a flat geometry). All three observational tests by means of supernovae (green), the cosmic microwave background (blue) and galaxy clusters converge at a Universe around Ωm ~ 0.3 and ΩΛ ~ 0.7. The dark red region for the galaxy cluster determination corresponds to 95% certainty (2-sigma statistical deviation) when assuming good knowledge of all other cosmological parameters, and the light red region assumes a minimum knowledge. For the supernovae and WMAP results, the inner and outer regions corespond to 68% (1-sigma) and 95% certainty, respectively. References: Schuecker et al. 2003, A&A, 398, 867 (REFLEX); Tonry et al. 2003, ApJ, 594, 1 (supernovae); Riess et al. 2004, ApJ, 607, 665 (supernovae) Galaxy clusters are far from being evenly distributed in the Universe. Instead, they tend to conglomerate into even larger structures, "super-clusters". Thus, from stars which gather in galaxies, galaxies which congregate in clusters and clusters tying together in super-clusters, the Universe shows structuring on all scales, from the smallest to the largest ones. This is a relict of the very early (formation) epoch of the Universe, the so-called "inflationary" period. At that time, only a minuscule fraction of one second after the Big Bang, the tiny density fluctuations were amplified and over the eons, they gave birth to the much larger structures. Because of the link between the first fluctuations and the giant structures now observed, the unique REFLEX catalogue - the largest of its kind - allows astronomers to put considerable constraints on the content of the Universe, and in particular on the amount of dark matter that is believed to pervade it. Rather interestingly, these constraints are totally independent from all other methods so far used to assert the existence of dark matter, such as the study of very distant supernovae (see e.g. ESO PR 21/98) or the analysis of the Cosmic Microwave background (e.g. the WMAP satellite). In fact, the new REFLEX study is very complementary to the above-mentioned methods. The REFLEX team concludes that the mean density of the Universe is in the range 0.27 to 0.43 times the "critical density", providing the strongest constraint on this value up to now. When combined with the latest supernovae study, the REFLEX result implies that, whatever the nature of the dark energy is, it closely mimics a Universe with Einstein's cosmological constant. A giant puzzle The REFLEX catalogue will also serve many other useful purposes. With it, astronomers will be able to better understand the detailed processes that contribute to the heating of the gas in these clusters. It will also be possible to study the effect of the environment of the cluster on each individual galaxy. Moreover, the catalogue is a good starting point to look for giant gravitational lenses, in which a cluster acts as a giant magnifying lens, effectively allowing observations of the faintest and remotest objects that would otherwise escape detection with present-day telescopes. But, as Hans Böhringer says: "Perhaps the most important advantage of this catalogue is that the properties of each single cluster can be compared to the entire sample. This is the main goal of surveys: assembling the pieces of a gigantic puzzle to build the grander view, where every single piece then gains a new, more comprehensive meaning." More information The results presented in this Press Release will appear in the research journal Astronomy and Astrophysics ("The ROSAT-ESO Flux Limited X-ray (REFLEX) Galaxy Cluster Survey. V. The cluster catalogue" by H. Böhringer et al.; astro-ph/0405546). See also the REFLEX website.

  13. [Viral hepatitis during pregnancy].

    PubMed

    Gutkowski, Krzysztof; Gutkowska, Dorota; Lepiech, Jacek

    2006-10-01

    Viral hepatitis is one of the most common liver diseases appearing during pregnancy. Prevention against hepatotropic viruses is restricted due to lack of vaccines being effective in induction of efficient immunization in the majority of these microorganisms. In general, there is no possibility of active immunization against hepatotropic viruses except type A and B viral hepatitis. An issue of viral hepatitis in pregnancy as an aspect of potential risk factor connected with infection of pregnant women and a fetus has been described in this paper. Furthermore, the most important topics in the field of the epidemiology, prophylaxis and possible treatment options of viral hepatitis A, B, C, D, E and G have been discussed. The newest reports of pregnant women lamivudine therapy as a preventive treatment against vertical transmission during delivery have been reviewed. Rarly diagnosed viral hepatitis caused by herpes simplex virus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus and adenoviruses have been characterized as well. PMID:17219815

  14. What kind of hepatitis?

    PubMed

    Santolamazza, M; Marinelli, R M; Bacosi, M; D'Innocenzo, S; Miglioresi, L; Patrizi, F; Delle Monache, M; Ricci, G L

    2001-01-01

    Finding one major hepatotropic virus may not be enough to identify the aetiology of liver disease when risk factors are present, particularly in patients with past or present infection with other viral agents, or chronic liver disease. The pathogenic process in these cases is often complex. In the five cases we report, acute hepatitis (initiated by halothane, cytomegalovirus or Epstein-Barr virus) preceded the reactivation of hepatitis B infection, and these events occurred in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection. Each case demonstrates how several viruses can be implicated in the development of hepatitis, either as single agents or via cross-activation of T cells. The nosography of hepatitis, therefore, and the optimum therapeutic choices, can puzzle the clinical team. PMID:11725833

  15. Hepatitis E in Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Marion, Olivier; Abravanel, Florence; Lhomme, Sebastien; Izopet, Jacques; Kamar, Nassim

    2016-03-01

    Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has a worldwide distribution and is known to cause acute and fulminant hepatitis. However, over the last few years, it has been shown to also cause chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis in immunosuppressed patients, especially solid-organ-transplant patients. In immunocompetent and immunosuppressed patients, HEV is also associated with extra-hepatic manifestations, such as neurological symptoms and kidney injury. Unfortunately, a diagnostic assay for HEV infection is still not available in all countries. Reduction of immunosuppression is the first-line therapeutic option for organ-transplant patients with chronic hepatitis. In addition, ribavirin is highly efficient at treating chronic HEV infection. In this comprehensive review, we summarize the current knowledge regarding HEV diagnosis, its natural history, clinical manifestations, and treatments in patients with a solid-organ transplant. PMID:26838163

  16. Update on Alcoholic Hepatitis

    PubMed Central

    Torok, Natalie J.

    2015-01-01

    Alcoholic liver disease is one of the most prevalent liver diseases worldwide, and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Alcoholic hepatitis is a severe form of liver injury in patients with alcohol abuse, can present as an acute on chronic liver failure associated with a rapid decline in liver synthetic function, and consequent increase in mortality. Despite therapy, about 30%–50% of patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis eventually die. The pathogenic pathways that lead to the development of alcoholic hepatitis are complex and involve oxidative stress, gut dysbiosis, and dysregulation of the innate and adaptive immune system with injury to the parenchymal cells and activation of hepatic stellate cells. As accepted treatment approaches are currently limited, a better understanding of the pathophysiology would be required to generate new approaches that improve outcomes. This review focuses on recent advances in the diagnosis, pathogenesis of alcoholic hepatitis and novel treatment strategies. PMID:26540078

  17. Giant multipole resonances: perspectives after ten years

    SciTech Connect

    Bertrand, F.E.

    1980-01-01

    Nearly ten years ago evidence was published for the first of the so-called giant multipole resonances, the giant quadrupole resonance. During the ensuing years research in this field has spread to many nuclear physics laboratories throughout the world. The present status of electric giant multipole resonances is reviewed. 24 figures, 1 table.

  18. Multiple pulmonary sclerosing hemangiomas (pneumocytoma) mimicking lung metastasis detected in fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography.

    PubMed

    Kamaleshwaran, Koramadai Karuppusamy; Rajan, Firoz; Mehta, Sangita; Mohanan, Vyshakh; Shinto, Ajit Sugunan

    2014-07-01

    Pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma (PSH), or the alternative name of "sclerosing pneumocytoma," is a rare benign neoplasm. PSH is often asymptomatic and presents as a solitary or multiple pulmonary nodules on radiologic imaging studies. Few articles have been reported to describe the fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) findings about PSH. The authors describe an interesting but uncommonly encountered cause of false positive FDG PET scan in the thorax in a 25-year-old woman, a known case of arteriovenous malformation of oral cavity who underwent embolization and presented with incidental detection of bilateral lung nodules. She is asymptomatic and is on follow-up. PMID:25210285

  19. Multiple pulmonary sclerosing hemangiomas (pneumocytoma) mimicking lung metastasis detected in fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography

    PubMed Central

    Kamaleshwaran, Koramadai Karuppusamy; Rajan, Firoz; Mehta, Sangita; Mohanan, Vyshakh; Shinto, Ajit Sugunan

    2014-01-01

    Pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma (PSH), or the alternative name of “sclerosing pneumocytoma,” is a rare benign neoplasm. PSH is often asymptomatic and presents as a solitary or multiple pulmonary nodules on radiologic imaging studies. Few articles have been reported to describe the fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) findings about PSH. The authors describe an interesting but uncommonly encountered cause of false positive FDG PET scan in the thorax in a 25-year-old woman, a known case of arteriovenous malformation of oral cavity who underwent embolization and presented with incidental detection of bilateral lung nodules. She is asymptomatic and is on follow-up. PMID:25210285

  20. [A case of primary intraosseous cavernous hemangioma extending from the orbital rim to the sphenoid wing: a case report].

    PubMed

    Inaka, Yasufumi; Otani, Naoki; Nishida, Sho; Kumagai, Kohsuke; Fujii, Kazuya; Ueno, Hideaki; Tomiyama, Arata; Tomura, Satoshi; Osada, Hideo; Wada, Kojiro; Mori, Kentaro

    2014-11-01

    A primary intraosseous cavernous hemangioma located at the sphenoid bone with extensive involvement of the orbital roof and the lateral wall of the orbit is very rare. A 48-year-old woman presented with progressive right exophthalmos and diplopia. CT showed a bony mass lesion in the right sphenoid bone extending to the orbital bone. MRI showed an abnormal lesion in the sphenoid bone, which was heterogeneously enhanced with gadolinium. All of the abnormal bone was surgically removed, and histological examination confirmed a cavernous angioma. We also present a brief clinical and radiological review of seven previously reported cases. PMID:25351802

  1. Freckling 11 years after pulsed dye laser therapy for an infantile hemangioma: coincidence or a previously unrecognized complication?

    PubMed

    Bayliss, Susan J; Berk, David R

    2008-03-01

    A case of asymmetric freckling on the cheeks of a child who 11 years earlier received pulsed dye laser treatment for a hemangioma on the right cheek was recently evaluated. Only the lasered areas of the face (her cheeks) demonstrated asymmetric freckling, whereas the unlasered areas of the face such as the nose demonstrated typical, normal, symmetric freckling. No explanation, such as asymmetric sun exposure or sunscreen administration, could be elicited by detailed history. The authors suggest that the asymmetric freckling on the patient's cheeks might represent a previously unrecognized complication of pulsed dye laser. PMID:18057153

  2. Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor presenting in an 8-year-old boy: A case report and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Al-Hussaini, Hussa; Azouz, Haya; Abu-Zaid, Ahmed

    2015-01-01

    Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumors are uncommon benign lesions. Accurately diagnosing hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor can be very challenging because the clinical presentation and radiological appearances are nonspecific and cannot be certainly distinguished from malignant neoplastic processes. Herein, we present a case of hepatic IPT in an 8-year-old boy who presented to clinic with a 3-mo history of a tender hepatic mass, fever of unknown origin, and 9-kg weight loss. The physical examination was notable for tender hepatomegaly. Laboratory investigations were notable for a normal hepatic profile and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. A T2-attenuated magnetic resonance imaging scan of the abdomen showed a 4.7 cm × 4.7 cm × 6.6 cm, contrast-enhancing, hyper-intense, well-defined lesion involving the right hepatic lobe. In view of the unremitting symptoms, tender hepatomegaly, thrombosed right hepatic vein, nonspecific radiological findings, and high suspicion of a deep-seated underlying infection or malignancy, a right hepatic lobectomy was recommended. Microscopically, the hepatic lesion exhibited a mixture of inflammatory cells (histiocytes, plasma cells, mature lymphocytes, and occasional multinucleated giant cells) in a background of dense fibrous tissue. Immunohistochemically, the cells stained negative for SMA, ALK-1, CD-21 and CD-23, diffusely positive for CD-68, and focally positive for IgG4. The final histopathological diagnosis was consistent with hepatic IPT. At the postoperative 4-mo follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic without radiological evidence of recurrence. PMID:26229415

  3. Viral Hepatitis: Information for Gay and Bisexual Men

    MedlinePLUS

    VIRAL HEPATITIS Information for Gay and Bisexual Men What is viral hepatitis? Viral hepatitis is an infection of the liver caused by ... United States, the most common types of viral hepatitis are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. ...

  4. The giant panda gut microbiome.

    PubMed

    Wei, Fuwen; Wang, Xiao; Wu, Qi

    2015-08-01

    Giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) are bamboo specialists that evolved from carnivores. Their gut microbiota probably aids in the digestion of cellulose and this is considered an example of gut microbiota adaptation to a bamboo diet. However, this issue remains unresolved and further functional and compositional studies are needed. PMID:26143242

  5. Cutaneous giant cell hyalin angiopathy.

    PubMed

    Martin, R W; Lumadue, J A; Corio, R L; Kalb, R L; Hood, A F

    1993-08-01

    Giant cell hyalin angiopathy (GCHA) is an unusual histologic finding associated with inflammation. The lesion has previously only been reported intraorally and is usually preceded by trauma. We report the first case of cutaneous GCHA. The eosinophilic, amorphous material (so-called "hyalin") stained for light chain products, suggesting that their deposition resulted from a reactive process associated with inflammation. PMID:7693779

  6. Nursery of Giants

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    Hidden behind a shroud of dust in the constellation Cygnus is a stellar nursery called DR21, which is giving birth to some of the most massive stars in our galaxy. Visible light images reveal no trace of this interstellar cauldron because of heavy dust obscuration. In fact, visible light is attenuated in DR21 by a factor of more than 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 (ten thousand trillion heptillion).

    New images from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope allow us to peek behind the cosmic veil and pinpoint one of the most massive natal stars yet seen in our Milky Way galaxy. The never-before-seen star is 100,000 times as bright as the Sun. Also revealed for the first time is a powerful outflow of hot gas emanating from this star and bursting through a giant molecular cloud.

    This image is a large-scale mosaic assembled from individual photographs obtained with the InfraRed Array Camera (IRAC) aboard Spitzer. The image covers an area about two times that of a full moon. The mosaic is a composite of images obtained at mid-infrared wavelengths of 3.6 microns (blue), 4.5 microns (green), 5.8 microns (orange) and 8 microns (red). The brightest infrared cloud near the top center corresponds to DR21, which presumably contains a cluster of newly forming stars at a distance of 10,000 light-years.

    Protruding out from DR21 toward the bottom left of the image is a gaseous outflow (green), containing both carbon monoxide and molecular hydrogen. Data from the Spitzer spectrograph, which breaks light into its constituent individual wavelengths, indicate the presence of hot steam formed as the outflow heats the surrounding molecular gas. Outflows are physical signatures of processes that create supersonic beams, or jets, of gas. They are usually accompanied by discs of material around the new star, which likely contain the materials from which future planetary systems are formed. Additional newborn stars, depicted in green, can be seen surrounding the DR21 region.

    The red filaments stretching across this image denote the presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. These organic molecules, comprised of carbon and hydrogen, are excited by surrounding interstellar radiation and become luminescent at wavelengths near 8.0 microns. The complex pattern of filaments is caused by an intricate combination of radiation pressure, gravity and magnetic fields. The result is a tapestry in which winds, outflows and turbulence move and shape the interstellar medium.

    To the lower left of the mosaic is a large bubble of gas and dust, which may represent the remnants of a past generation of stars.

  7. Giant kidney worms in a patient with renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Kuehn, Jemima; Lombardo, Lindsay; Janda, William M; Hollowell, Courtney M P

    2016-01-01

    Dioctophyma renale (D. renale), or giant kidney worms, are the largest nematodes that infect mammals. Approximately 20 cases of human infection have been reported. We present a case of a 71-year-old man with a recent history of unintentional weight loss and painless haematuria, passing elongated erythematous tissue via his urethra. CT revealed a left renal mass with pulmonary nodules and hepatic lesions. On microscopy, the erythematous tissue passed was identified as D. renale. On subsequent renal biopsy, pathology was consistent with renal cell carcinoma. This is the first reported case of concomitant D. renale infection and renal cell carcinoma, and the second reported case of D. renale infection of the left kidney alone. PMID:26952087

  8. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in Pregnancy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... first dose of vaccine before you leave the hospital. If it cannot be given by then, it should be given within 2 months of birth. The remaining doses are given within the next 6–18 months. Can I be vaccinated against hepatitis C virus infection? There is no vaccine to protect against the ...

  9. Infantile hemangiomas, retinopathy of prematurity and cancer: a common pathogenetic role of the ?-adrenergic system.

    PubMed

    Filippi, Luca; Dal Monte, Massimo; Casini, Giovanni; Daniotti, Marta; Sereni, Federica; Bagnoli, Paola

    2015-05-01

    The serendipitous demonstration that the nonselective ?-adrenergic receptor (?-AR) antagonist propranolol promotes the regression of infantile hemangiomas (IHs) aroused interest around the involvement of the ?-adrenergic system in angiogenic processes. The efficacy of propranolol was related to the ?2-AR blockade and the consequent inhibition of the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), suggesting the hypothesis that propranolol could also be effective in treating retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a retinal pathology characterized by VEGF-induced neoangiogenesis. Consequent to the encouraging animal studies, a pilot clinical trial showed that oral propranolol protects newborns from ROP progression, even though this treatment is not sufficiently safe. Further, animal studies clarified the role of ?3-ARs in the development of ROP and, together with several preclinical studies demonstrating the key role of the ?-adrenergic system in tumor progression, vascularization, and metastasis, prompted us to also investigate the participation of ?3-ARs in tumor growth. The aim of this review is to gather the recent findings on the role of the ?-adrenergic system in IHs, ROP, and cancer, highlighting the fact that these different pathologies, triggered by different pathogenic noxae, share common pathogenic mechanisms characterized by the presence of hypoxia-induced angiogenesis, which may be contrasted by targeting the ?-adrenergic system. The mechanisms characterizing the pathogenesis of IHs, ROP, and cancer may also be active during the fetal-neonatal development, and a great contribution to the knowledge on the role of ?-ARs in diseases characterized by chronic hypoxia may come from research focusing on the fetal and neonatal period. PMID:25523517

  10. Effectiveness of propranolol in the treatment of infantile hemangioma beyond the proliferation phase.

    PubMed

    Vivas-Colmenares, Grecia V; Bernabeu-Wittel, Jose; Alonso-Arroyo, Veronica; Matute de Cardenas, Jose A; Fernandez-Pineda, Israel

    2015-01-01

    During the last 5 years, many studies have shown the efficacy of propranolol as first-line treatment for infantile hemangiomas (IHs), but not much has been written about the role of propranolol beyond the proliferation phase of IH (>1 year). Our aim was to assess propranolol efficacy and safety in the treatment of patients older than 1 year. A retrospective study of patients older than 1 year diagnosed with IH and treated in our vascular anomalies clinic between 2009 and 2013 was performed. Eighteen patients older than 1 year with a diagnosis of IH (15 girls, 3 boys) were identified. The mean age at the time of initiation of treatment was 25.7 months (range 13-72 mos). Single lesions were observed in 13 patients and multiple lesions in 5. Fifteen patients had focal lesions and three had segmental. The median duration of treatment with oral propranolol was 11.8 months (range 2-33 mos). Complete response was observed in 72.2% of the patients and partial response in 27.8%. Recurrence was observed in three patients 4.7 months after completion of therapy (range 0.3-8 mos). These patients required further therapy with propranolol for 6 more months. Bradycardia was documented in two patients and night terrors in one patient, which led to discontinuation of treatment. In our experience, propranolol may be useful in the treatment of IHs beyond the proliferation phase (>1 year old), but more studies are needed to support this observation. PMID:25721095

  11. Analysis of the therapeutic evolution in the management of airway infantile hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Vivas-Colmenares, Grecia V; Fernandez-Pineda, Israel; Lopez-Gutierrez, Juan Carlos; Fernandez-Hurtado, Miguel Angel; Garcia-Casillas, Maria Antonia; Matute de Cardenas, Jose Antonio

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the evolution in the management of airway infantile hemangioma (AIH) and to report the results from 3 pediatric tertiary care institutions. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with diagnosis of AIH and treated in 3 pediatric tertiary care institutions from 1996 to 2014 was performed. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients with diagnosis of AIH were identified. Mean age at diagnosis was 6 mo (range, 1-27). Single therapy was indicated in 16 patients and 7 patients received combined therapy. Two therapeutic groups were identified: Group A included 14 patients who were treated with steroids, interferon, laser therapy and/or surgery; group B included 9 patients treated with oral propranolol. In group A, oral corticosteroids were used in 9 patients with a good response in 3 cases (no requiring other therapeutic option), the other patients required additional treatment options. Cushing syndrome was observed in 3 patients. One patient died of a fulminant sepsis. Open surgical excision and endoscopic therapy were performed in 11 patients (in 5 of them as a single treatment) with a response rate of 54.5%. Stridor persisted in 2 cases, and one patient died during the clinical course of bronchial aspiration. In group B, oral propranolol was used in 9 patients (in 8 of them as a single treatment) with a response rate of 100%, with an mean treatment duration of 7 mo (range, 5-10); complications were not observed. CONCLUSION: Our experience and the medical literature support the use of propranolol as a first line of treatment in AIH. PMID:26862508

  12. Knockdown of VEGFR2 Inhibits Proliferation and Induces Apoptosis in Hemangioma-Derived Endothelial Cells

    PubMed Central

    Ou, J.M.; Yu, Z.Y.; Qiu, M.K.; Dai, Y.X.; Dong, Q.; Shen, J.; Dong, P.; Wang, X.F.; Liu, Y.B.; Quan, Z.W.; Fei, Z.W.

    2014-01-01

    Angiogenesis is a process of development and growth of new capillary blood vessels from pre-existing vessels. Angiogenic growth factors play important roles in the development and maintenance of some malignancies, of which vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGFR2 interactions are involved in proliferation, migration, and survival of many cancer cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the function of VEGFR2 in human hemangiomas (HAs). Using immunohistochemistry assay, we examined the expression levels of VEGF, VEGFR2, Ki-67, glucose transporter-1 (Glut-1), phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT) and p-ERK in different phases of human HAs. Positive expression of VEGF, VEGFR2, Ki-67, Glut-1, p-AKT and p-ERK was significantly increased in proliferating phase HAs, while decreased in involuting phase HAs (P=0.001; P=0.003). In contrast, cell apoptotic indexes were decreased in proliferating phase HAs, but increased in involuting phase HAs (P<0.01). Furthermore, we used small hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated VEGFR2 knockdown in primary HA-derived endothelial cells (HemECs) to understand the role of VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling. Knockdown of VEGFR2 by Lv-shVEGFR2 inhibited cell viability and induced apoptosis in primary HemECs companied with decreased expression of p-AKT, p-ERK, p-p38MAPK and Ki-67 and increased expression of caspase-3 (CAS-3); Overexpression of VEGFR2 promoted cell viability and blocked apoptosis in Lv-VEGFR2-transfected HemECs. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that, increased expression of VEGFR2 is involved in the development of primary HemECs possibly through regulation of the AKT and ERK pathways, suggesting that VEGFR2 may be a potential therapeutic target for HAs. PMID:24704994

  13. Arteriovenous synovial hemangioma of the popliteal fossa diagnosed in an adolescent with history of unilateral congenital clubfoot: case report and a single-institution retrospective review.

    PubMed

    Derzsi, Zoltn; Gurzu, Simona; Jung, Ioan; Lszl, Ileana; Golea, Mircea; Nagy, rs; Pop, Tudor Sorin

    2015-01-01

    Synovial hemangioma (SH) is a very rare soft tissue tumor; in our department, SH represented 0.07% from all soft tissue tumors (one case from 1311 soft tissue tumors), and 0.78% from all excised hemangiomas (one case from 128 hemangiomas) diagnosed over a five-year period. The aim of this paper was to present the clinicopathologic characteristics of hemangiomas and particularities of one SH of the popliteal fossa diagnosed in an athletic adolescent with previously corrected congenital clubfoot. To our knowledge, this is the 275 case of reported SH. A 13-year-old trick cyclist presented with two-year history of slowly growing mass of the left posterior fossa. The magnetic resonance imaging of the left knee showed a juxta-articular mass with intramuscular component. Open excision of the tumor and partial removal of the synovial membrane was the therapy of choice. Histopathological examination revealed clusters of large arteries and veins embedded in a fibrotic tissue, the tumor mass being lined by synovial membrane. Intramuscular growing was also confirmed. Without any other postoperative therapies, no recurrence or functional disorders were noted after 21 months of follow-up. SH of the knee should be excised as soon as possible to avoid complications such as muscle invasion and risk of recurrence. PMID:26193227

  14. Pathological Evaluation of Radiation-Induced Vascular Lesions of the Brain: Distinct from De Novo Cavernous Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Cha, Yoon Jin; Nahm, Ji Hae; Ko, Ji Eun; Shin, Hyun Joo; Chang, Jong-Hee; Cho, Nam Hoon

    2015-01-01

    Purpose We aimed to evaluate the histologic and radiologic findings of vascular lesions after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) categorized as radiation-induced cavernous hemangioma (RICH). Materials and Methods Among 89 patients who underwent neurosurgery for cavernous hemangioma, eight RICHs from 7 patients and 10 de novo CHs from 10 patients were selected for histopathological and radiological comparison. Results Histologically, RICHs showed hematoma-like gross appearance. Microscopically, RICH exhibited a hematoma-like area accompanied by proliferation of thin-walled vasculature with fibrin deposits and infiltrating foamy macrophages. In contrast, CHs demonstrated localized malformed vasculature containing fresh and old clotted blood on gross examination. Typically, CHs consisted of thick, ectatic hyalinized vessels lined by endothelium under a light microscope. Magnetic resonance imaging of RICHs revealed some overlapping but distinct features with CHs, including enhancing cystic and solid components with absence or incomplete popcorn-like appearance and partial hemosiderin rims. Conclusion Together with histologic and radiologic findings, RICH may result from blood-filled space after tissue destruction by SRS, accompanied with radiation-induced reactive changes rather than vascular malformation. Thus, the term "RICH" would be inappropriate, because it is more likely to be an inactive organizing hematoma rather than proliferation of malformed vasculature. PMID:26446658

  15. Hepatitis Foundation International

    MedlinePLUS

    ... as, reducing the incidence of preventable liver-related chronic diseases and lifestyles that negatively impact the liver. Hepatitis Patient Registry Network (HepPRN) ENGAGING INDIVIDUALS. FINDING SOLUTIONS. SAVING ...

  16. Know More Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... formats (PDF, DOC, PPT, MPEG) on this site? Adobe PDF file Microsoft PowerPoint file Microsoft ... February 11, 2015 Page last updated: March 5, 2015 Content source: Division of Viral Hepatitis and ...

  17. Chemoembolization of hepatic malignancy.

    PubMed

    Gonsalves, Carin F; Brown, Daniel B

    2009-01-01

    Treatment of primary and secondary hepatic malignancies with transarterial chemoembolization represents an essential component of interventional oncology. This article discusses patient selection, procedure technique, results, and complications associated with transarterial chemoembolization. PMID:18668189

  18. Hepatitis D in Children.

    PubMed

    Xue, Megan M; Glenn, Jeffrey S; Leung, Daniel H

    2015-09-01

    Hepatitis D virus (HDV) is an uncommon, defective, single-stranded circular RNA virus that is dependent on the hepatitis B virus' surface antigen envelope proteins for transmission. It is highly pathogenic and associated with high rates of progression to cirrhosis and associated complications. HDV continues to ravage endemic parts of Asia and Europe, and its prevalence in the United States, although low, has not decreased in frequency, despite universal hepatitis B virus vaccination, because of lack of testing and underrecognition. There are few reports on the prevalence and characteristics of HDV infection in the pediatric population. We present 2 patients with HDV infection at our institution; both were from eastern Europe and were treated with pegylated interferon-?. The present standard of care treatment for HDV yields suboptimal results, but insights into the virology of hepatitis D are stimulating the search for novel therapeutic approaches, particularly the development of prenylation inhibitors and viral entry inhibitors. PMID:25988557

  19. Hepatitis Risk Assessment

    MedlinePLUS

    ... About the Division of Viral Hepatitis Contact Us File Formats Help: How do I view different file formats (PDF, DOC, PPT, MPEG) on this site? Adobe PDF file Microsoft PowerPoint file Microsoft Word file Microsoft Excel ...

  20. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis C

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Zika risk at high elevations Find a Clinic Yellow Fever Vaccinations Clinics FAQ Disease Directory Resources Resources for Travelers Adventure Travel Animal Safety Blood Clots Bug Bites Business ... Book Contents Chapter 3 (81) Hepatitis C more ...

  1. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis B

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Zika risk at high elevations Find a Clinic Yellow Fever Vaccinations Clinics FAQ Disease Directory Resources Resources for Travelers Adventure Travel Animal Safety Blood Clots Bug Bites Business ... Book Contents Chapter 3 (81) Hepatitis B more ...

  2. Hepatitis B Vaccination Protection

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the time the procedure takes place. To ensure immunity, it is important for individuals to complete the ... great majority of those vaccinated will devel- op immunity to the hepatitis B virus. The vaccine causes ...

  3. Drug-induced hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... induced hepatitis. Painkillers and fever reducers that contain acetaminophen are a common cause of liver inflammation. These ... problem. However, if you took high doses of acetaminophen , treatment should be started as soon as possible ...

  4. A case of multiple macronodular hepatic tuberculosis difficult to differentiate from hepatocellular carcinoma with intrahepatic metastasis: CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy confirmed the diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lei; Yang, Nai-Bin; Ni, Shun-Lan; Zhang, Sai-Nan; Shen, Chen-Bo; Lu, Ming-Qin

    2014-01-01

    Multiple macronodular hepatic tuberculosis is difficult to be differentiated from hepatocellular carcinoma with intrahepatic metastasis in clinical practice, especially when hepatitis B with or without liver cirrhosis coexists with it. Herein, we report a 30-year-old man with a 10-year history of hepatitis B and a family medical history of hepatocellular carcinoma related with hepatitis B that was finally diagnosed as multiple macronodular hepatic tuberculosis. Abdominal B-mode ultrasonography (US) and plain computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple unequal-sized nodules in the liver. CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the liver demonstrated a caseating granuloma with lymphocytes, multinucleate giant cells and epithelioid cells compatible with the diagnosis of tuberculosis and no hepatoma cells were detected. Thus, the diagnosis of hepatic tuberculosis was confirmed and hepatocellular carcinoma with intrahepatic metastasis was excluded. PMID:25550879

  5. Immigration and viral hepatitis.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Suraj; Carballo, Manuel; Feld, Jordan J; Janssen, Harry L A

    2015-08-01

    WHO estimates reveal that the global prevalence of viral hepatitis may be as high as 500 million, with an annual mortality rate of up to 1.3 million individuals. The majority of this global burden of disease is borne by nations of the developing world with high rates of vertical and iatrogenic transmission of HBV and HCV, as well as poor access to healthcare. In 2013, 3.2% of the global population (231 million individuals) migrated into a new host nation. Migrants predominantly originate from the developing countries of the south, into the developed economies of North America and Western Europe. This mass migration of individuals from areas of high-prevalence of viral hepatitis poses a unique challenge to the healthcare systems of the host nations. Due to a lack of universal standards for screening, vaccination and treatment of viral hepatitis, the burden of chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma continues to increase among migrant populations globally. Efforts to increase case identification and treatment among migrants have largely been limited to small outreach programs in urban centers, such that the majority of migrants with viral hepatitis continue to remain unaware of their infection. This review summarizes the data on prevalence of viral hepatitis and burden of chronic liver disease among migrants, current standards for screening and treatment of immigrants and refugees, and efforts to improve the identification and treatment of viral hepatitis among migrants. PMID:25962882

  6. More on hepatic granulomas.

    PubMed

    Ozaras, Resat; Yemisen, Mucahit; Balkan, Ilker Inanc

    2015-01-01

    We have read the case report of Nihon-Yanagi et al. The patient they described developed hepatic granuloma two times and the granulomatous lesion was surrounding metal staples/clips suggesting that the granuloma was due to surgical staples/clips. Hepatic granulomas (HGs) are reported in around 5% of patient who undergo a liver biopsy and caused by several diseases including sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, hydatid cyst, brucellosis, typhoid fever, chronic hepatitis B and C and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Chronic hepatitis B and C infections are the most common and serious causes of liver damage in patient with renal failure. Their prevalence is a higher than people without renal failure. We have previously reported that the prevalences of HGs in patients with chronic hepatitis B and C are 1.5 and 1.3% respectively. The described patient was on hemodialysis for 12 years. The other causes of HG seem excluded; however hepatitis B and C infections and PBC should have been tested and excluded before ascribing the HGs to surgical staples/clipping material. PMID:26586239

  7. Mechanisms of Hepatic Fibrogenesis

    PubMed Central

    Friedman, Scott L.

    2010-01-01

    Substantial improvements in the treatment of chronic liver disease have accelerated interest in uncovering the mechanisms underlying hepatic fibrosis and its resolution. Activation of resident hepatic stellate cells into proliferative, contractile, and fibrogenic cells in liver injury remains a dominant theme driving the field. However, several new areas of rapid progress in the past 5–10 years also have taken root, including: (1) identification of different fibrogenic populations apart from resident stellate cells, for example, portal fibroblasts, fibrocytes, and bone-marrow– derived cells, as well as cells derived from epithelial mesenchymal transition; (2) emergence of stellate cells as finely regulated determinants of hepatic inflammation and immunity; (3) elucidation of multiple pathways controlling gene expression during stellate cell activation including transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and epigenetic mechanisms; (4) recognition of disease-specific pathways of fibrogenesis; (5) re-emergence of hepatic macrophages as determinants of matrix degradation in fibrosis resolution and the importance of matrix cross-linking and scar maturation in determining reversibility; and (6) hints that hepatic stellate cells may contribute to hepatic stem cell behavior, cancer, and regeneration. Clinical and translational implications of these advances have become clear, and have begun to impact significantly on the management and outlook of patients with chronic liver disease. PMID:18471545

  8. Photon decay of giant resonances

    SciTech Connect

    Bertrand, F.E.; Beene, J.R.; Halbert, M.L.

    1984-01-01

    Measurements have been made of the photon decay of the giant multipole resonances in /sup 208/Pb. The giant resonances were excited by inelastic scattering of 380 MeV /sup 17/O projectile and the photons were detected in the ORNL Spin Spectrometer. The results show a quadrupole resonance ground state gamma branch of 20% while only less than or equal to 2% of the GQR decay proceeds through the 2.6 MeV, 3/sup -/ state. Nearly one half of the GQR decay through a 3/sup -/ state at 4.974 MeV. Photon decay from the dipole and monopole resonances and high spin resonances (4+,6+) are also observed.

  9. A giant peritoneal loose body.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hyun-Soo; Sung, Ji-Youn; Park, Won Seo; Kim, Youn Wha

    2013-08-01

    Peritoneal loose bodies (PLBs) are usually discovered incidentally during laparotomy or autopsy. A few cases of giant PLBs presenting with various symptoms have been reported in the literature. Here, we describe a case of a giant PLB incidentally found in the pelvic cavity of a 50-year-old man. Computed tomography revealed a free ovoid mass in the pelvic cavity that consisted of central dense, heterogeneous calcifications and peripheral soft tissue. The mass was an egg-shaped, hard, glistening concretion measuring 7.57.06.8 cm and weighing 160 g. This concretion consisted of central necrotic fatty tissue surrounded by concentrically laminated, acellular, fibrous material. Small PLBs usually do not require any specific treatment. However, if PLBs cause alimentary or urinary symptoms due to their large size, surgical removal may be recommended. It is essential for clinicians to be aware of this entity and its characteristic features to establish the correct diagnosis. PMID:24009634

  10. Idiopathic giant right atrial aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Uppu, Santosh C; Sachdeva, Ritu; Imamura, Michiaki

    2013-01-01

    A 2-year-old boy with an incidental finding of massive cardiomegaly on a chest X-ray was diagnosed with a giant right atrial aneurysm upon further investigation with echocardiography. The patient underwent successful surgical reduction of the right atrium and closure of the patent foramen ovale to prevent thromboembolic complications and to lower the risk of atrial arrhythmias. The resected atrium had paper-thin walls and pathological features of interstitial fibrosis with endocardial thickening. PMID:23626440

  11. Origin of Giant Planet Instabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lega, Elena; Morbidelli, A.; Nesvorny, D.

    2012-10-01

    The observed eccentricity distribution of extrasolar giant planets has been successfully reproduced (e.g. Juric and Tremaine, 2008; Chatterjee et al., 2008) assuming that said planets formed in systems of at least three planets that became unstable. However, these works placed the planets initially on circular and non-resonant orbits that were too close to each other to be stable. In reality, giant planets form in disks of gas, and their orbits should be the result of migration and eccentricity-damping processes induced by their gravitational interaction with said disks. In this work we simulate the evolution of systems of three planets as they grow in sequence to Jupiter mass. We use the hydro-dynamical code FARGO (Masset, 2000) that we modified to implement the algorithm Symba (Duncan et al., 1998) to solve the gravitational interactions among the planets, handling also close-encounters and mutual collisions. We start our simulations with sets of three embryos of 20 Earth masses in resonant configuration. The growth of each embryo to Jupiter mass leads to a global instability, but the damping action of the gas eventually re-stabilizes the system into a new orbital configuration. However, once the three planets are all giants, their orbital eccentricities can grow to large values on short timescales through their mutual resonant interactions, while migrating towards the star. We study their subsequent evolution as a function of the disk mass and dissipation time. We conclude that the observed large eccentricities of many extrasolar planets are best reproduced if planets become giants towards the end of the disk lifetime, when the density of gas is rapidly decaying. Instead, if they form in massive disks, their orbital instabilities lead to systems with fewer planets and/or separated orbits with small eccentricities, due to the strong damping action of the disk, as in Marzari et al (2010).

  12. Observed Properties of Giant Cells

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hathaway, David H.; Upton, Lisa; Colegrove, Owen

    2014-01-01

    The existence of Giant Cells has been suggested by both theory and observation for over 45 years. We have tracked the motions of supergranules in SDO/HMI Doppler velocity data and find larger (Giant Cell) flows that persist for months. The flows in these cells are clockwise around centers of divergence in the north and counter-clockwise in the south. Equatorward flows are correlated with prograde flows - giving the transport of angular momentum toward the equator that is needed to maintain the Sun's rapid equatorial rotation. The cells are most pronounced at mid- and high-latitudes where they exhibit the rotation rates representative of those latitudes. These are clearly large, long-lived, cellular features, with the dynamical characteristics expected from the effects of the Sun's rotation, but the shapes of the cells are not well represented in numerical models. While the Giant Cell flow velocities are small (<10 m/s), their long lifetimes should nonetheless substantially impact the transport of magnetic flux in the Sun's near surface layers.

  13. Observed properties of Giant Cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hathaway, David H.; Upton, Lisa; Colegrove, Owen

    2014-06-01

    The existence of Giant Cells has been suggested by both theory and observation for over 45 years. We have tracked the motions of supergranules in SDO/HMI Doppler velocity data and find larger (Giant Cell) flows that persist for months. The flows in these cells are clockwise around centers of divergence in the north and counter-clockwise in the south. Equatorward flows are correlated with prograde flows - giving the transport of angular momentum toward the equator that is needed to maintain the Suns rapid equatorial rotation. The cells are most pronounced at mid- and high-latitudes where they exhibit the rotation rates representative of those latitudes. These are clearly large, long-lived, cellular features, with the dynamical characteristics expected from the effects of the Suns rotation, but the shapes of the cells are not well represented in numerical models. While the Giant Cell flow velocities are small (<10 m/s), their long lifetimes should nonetheless substantially impact the transport of magnetic flux in the Suns near surface layers.

  14. Electrodynamics in Giant Planet Atmospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koskinen, T.; Yelle, R. V.; Lavvas, P.; Cho, J.

    2014-12-01

    The atmospheres of close-in extrasolar giant planets such as HD209458b are strongly ionized by the UV flux of their host stars. We show that photoionization on such planets creates a dayside ionosphere that extends from the thermosphere to the 100 mbar level. The resulting peak electron density near the 1 mbar level is higher than that encountered in any planetary ionosphere of the solar system, and the model conductivity is in fact comparable to the atmospheres of Sun-like stars. As a result, the momentum and energy balance in the upper atmosphere of HD209458b and similar planets can be strongly affected by ion drag and resistive heating arising from wind-driven electrodynamics. Despite much weaker ionization, electrodynamics is nevertheless also important on the giant planets of the solar system. We use a generic framework to constrain the conductivity regimes on close-in extrasolar planets, and compare the results with conductivites based on the same approach for Jupiter and Saturn. By using a generalized Ohm's law and assumed magnetic fields, we then demonstrate the basic effects of wind-driven ion drag in giant planet atmospheres. Our results show that ion drag is often significant in the upper atmosphere where it can also substantially alter the energy budget through resistive heating.

  15. Red Giants and Solar Sails

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matloff, G. L.

    Our Sun will eventually leave the main sequence and expand in size and luminosity to become a giant star. For much of its ~108 year career as a giant, the Sun will reside on the horizontal branch of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, with a surface temperature of ~5000 K, a radius about 10x its present-day radius, and about 50x its current luminosity. A space-manufactured beryllium solar-photon sail could be used for emigration from the solar system during this solar phase. Space environmental effects limit the closest approach distance to the giant star to around 0.5 AU, assuming the quiet phase of the stellar activity cycle. Beryllium spectral reflectivity values are used to calculate a wavelength averaged sail spectral reflectivity. This parameter and a reasonable value of spacecraft areal mass thickness (8.87 x 10-5 kg/m2) are used to estimate the interstellar cruise velocity for a sail fully unfurled at a 0.5-1 AU perihelion from an initially parabolic orbit that is always oriented normal to the star. These will be 2-3x greater than those possible for the same craft launched from today's Sun.

  16. Genetics Home Reference: Congenital hepatic fibrosis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... congenital hepatic fibrosis? autosomal ; autosomal recessive ; bile ; cancer ; cell ; chromosome ; congenital ; embryonic ; esophagus ; fibrosis ; gallbladder ; gastrointestinal ; gene ; hepatic ; hepatosplenomegaly ; hypertension ; ...

  17. Frequent FOS Gene Rearrangements in Epithelioid Hemangioma: A Molecular Study of 58 Cases With Morphologic Reappraisal.

    PubMed

    Huang, Shih-Chiang; Zhang, Lei; Sung, Yun-Shao; Chen, Chun-Liang; Krausz, Thomas; Dickson, Brendan C; Kao, Yu-Chien; Agaram, Narasimhan P; Fletcher, Christopher D M; Antonescu, Cristina R

    2015-10-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) is a unique benign vasoformative tumor composed of epithelioid endothelial cells. Although a small subset of EHs with atypical features harbor ZFP36-FOSB fusions, no additional genetic abnormalities have been found to date in the remaining cases. On the basis of a novel FOS-LMNA gene fusion identified by RNA sequencing in an index case of a skeletal EH with typical morphology, we sought to investigate the prevalence of FOS rearrangement in a large cohort of EHs. Thus 57 additional EH cases lacking FOSB rearrangements were studied for FOS gene abnormalities by fluorescence in situ hybridization, and results were correlated with morphologic appearance and clinical presentation. The EHs were subclassified as typical (n=25), cellular (n=21), and angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) (n=12) variants. The ALHE was defined as an EH with a vascular "blow-out" pattern associated with a variable degree of inflammation. There were 17 (29%) cases bearing FOS gene rearrangements among 58 cases tested, including 12 male and 5 female patients, with a mean age of 42 years. Most FOS-rearranged EHs occurred in the bone (10) and soft tissue (6), whereas only 1 case was cutaneous. The predominant anatomic site was the extremity (12), followed by trunk (3), head and neck (1), and penis (1). The incidence of FOS rearrangement was significantly higher in bone (59%, P=0.006) and lower in head and neck (5%, P=0.009). Twelve of the FOS-rearranged cases were cellular EH (P=0.001) associated with moderate mitotic activity (2 to 5/10 HPF) and milder inflammatory background. All 12 ALHE cases lacked FOS gene abnormalities, suggesting different pathogenesis. In conclusion, FOS rearrangement was present in a third of EHs across different locations and histologic variants; however, it was more prevalent in cellular EH and intraosseous lesions, compared with those in skin, soft tissue, and head and neck. This genetic abnormality can be useful in challenging cases, to distinguish cellular EHs from malignant epithelioid vascular tumors. These results also suggest that dysregulation of the FOS family of transcription factors through chromosomal translocation is as a key event in the tumorigenesis of EH except for the ALHE variant. PMID:26135557

  18. Guiding the Giant

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1998-08-01

    New ESO Survey Provides Targets for the VLT Giant astronomical telescopes like the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) must be used efficiently. Observing time is expensive and there are long waiting lines of excellent research programmes. Thus the work at the telescope must be very well prepared and optimized as much as possible - mistakes should be avoided and no time lost! Astronomers working with the new 8-m class optical/infrared telescopes must base their observations on detailed lists of suitable target objects if they want to perform cutting-edge science. This is particularly true for research programmes that depend on observations of large samples of comparatively rare, distant objects. This type of work requires that extensive catalogues of such objects must be prepared in advance. One such major catalogue - that will serve as a very useful basis for future VLT observations - has just become available from the new ESO Imaging Survey (EIS). The Need for Sky Surveys Astronomers have since long recognized the need to carry out preparatory observations with other telescopes in order to "guide" large telescopes. To this end, surveys of smaller or larger parts of the sky have been performed by wide-field telescopes, paving the way for subsequent work at the limits of the largest available ground-based telescopes. For instance, a complete photographic survey of the sourthern sky (declination < -17.5) was carried out in the 1970's with the ESO 1-metre Schmidt Telescope in support of the work at the 3.6-m telescope at the ESO La Silla observatory. However, while until recently most observational programmes could rely on samples of objects found on photographic plates, this is no longer possible. New image surveys must match the fainter limiting magnitudes reached by the new and larger telescopes. Modern digital, multi-colour, deep imaging surveys have thus become an indispensable complement to the 8-m telescopes. The new generation of imaging surveys will, without doubt, be the backbone of future research and are likely to be as long-lived as their earlier counterparts, which have served the astronomical community so well over the past decades. The new surveys are now becoming possible, thanks to the new, extremely light-sensitive CCD-mosaics mounted on wide-field telescopes. The ESO Imaging Survey (EIS) A very successful, major step in this direction has recently been taken at ESO. It concerns an imaging survey with the 3.5-m New Technology Telescope (NTT) at La Silla, aimed at defining targets for the first year of operation of the VLT. In addition to serving the future observers, this survey is also public , i.e., the resulting data are made available to all interested parties. The project is known as the ESO Imaging Survey (EIS). It is supervised by a Working Group with members from the European astronomical community ( [1]) that has been responsible for defining the survey strategy and for monitoring the progress. It has been a major challenge to carry out such a public survey in the very short time available. The work by the EIS Team has involved the survey observations at the NTT, development of a pipeline to process the raw data, advanced data reduction, identification of large samples of astronomically "interesting" targets and, not least, the distribution of images and other survey products before the start of operation of the VLT. To cope with the ambitious one-year timetable, a novel type of collaboration between ESO and the astronomical communities in the ESO Member States was set up. It has allowed to combine efficiently the scientific and technical expertise of the community with ESO in-house know-how and infrastructure. This model has been very successful and may well set the example for future surveys. Science Goals of EIS EIS is in many aspects a novel approach for large-scale, ground-based optical observations, in support of large-telescope science. The speed with which raw EIS data have been converted to deliverable products is quite unprecedented, given the nature and scope of this project. This is a key ingredient for imaging surveys, the main goal of which is to provide target lists for 8-m class telescopes. EIS consists of two parts: a wide-angle survey ( "EIS-wide" ) and a deep, multi-colour survey in four optical and two infrared bands ( "EIS-deep" ). EIS-wide covers four pre-selected patches of sky (spanning the R.A. range from 22 h to 9 h ). The main science goals of EIS-wide include the search for distant clusters of galaxies and quasars. In addition, there are important spin-offs in terms of bright and distant galaxies, as well as new information about galactic structure and stellar populations. The observations were conducted in 10 runs in the period July 1997 - March 1998. A total of 36 nights were used for this part of the project. The images obtained cover a total area of 17 square degrees in the near-infrared I-band, reaching limiting magnitude of I ~ 23 and, furthermore, an area of 1.7 square degrees in the B- (blue), V- (green-yellow) and I-bands to a comparable depth. Altogether, the EIS data set consists of about 6000 science and calibration frames, totaling 96 Gbytes of raw data and over 200 Gbytes of reduced images and derived products. Some results from EIS ESO PR Photo 29/98 ESO PR Photo 29/98 [Preview - JPEG: 800 x 417 pix - 160k] [High-Res - JPEG: 3000 x 1562 pix - 1.2Mb] This photo shows three views of a small field in the so-called EIS Patch-B . They were obtained during this survey in different colours: B - blue; V - green-yellow; I - near-infrared. At the centre is located a (candidate) cluster of galaxies at very large distance. This conclusion is based upon the different appearance of this cluster in the three frames: it is not seen in B; it is hardly visible in V and it is most obvious in I. This indicates that the galaxies in the cluster have very red colours. The effect is most likely due to high redshift (and therefore large distance) that has shifted the bulk of their emission from the visual to the near-infrared region of the spectrum. The other objects in the field - which are nearer - can be seen in all three frames. On these images, over one million galaxies were detected and about 250 distant clusters of galaxies were identified, with estimated redshifts in the range 0.2 < z < 1.3 [2]. This is by far the largest sample of distant clusters of galaxies currently available. In addition, white dwarfs, very-low mass stars/brown dwarfs and high-redshift quasar candidates were identified in the field that lies in the direction of the South Galactic Pole. All the calibrated images and derived catalogs are now publicly available. They can be examined and/or retrieved through an interface in the EIS release WWW-page built in collaboration with the ESO Science Archive, a prototype for future distribution of data to the ESO community. A photo of a 25 arcmin wide field from EIS is available on the web as ESO PR Photo 18/98 ; the two versions may be accessed via ESO PR 07/98. Future surveys at ESO The EIS project has been conceived as a pilot project for more ambitious, future wide-field imaging surveys to be conducted by ESO. Together, they will provide the basic framework and infrastructure for the gradual development of the required capabilities for pipeline processing, archiving and data mining. By January 1999, the ESO/MPIA 2.2-m telescope at La Silla will start regular observations with a wide-field camera capable of imaging in one shot an area of the sky that is larger than the full moon. This telescope will be fully dedicated to wide-field imaging and will be approximately 6 times more efficient than is the NTT for imaging surveys such as EIS. An even more powerful survey telescope is now planned for the Paranal Observatory , next to the VLT. A Memorandum of Understanding has recently been signed by the Director General of ESO, Professor Riccardo Giaconni and the Director of the Capodimonte Observatory (Naples, Italy), Professor Massimo Capaccioli . According to this, the Capodimonte Observatory will deliver to ESO a wide-field 2.6-m telescope, referred to as the VLT Survey Telescope (VST). The VST will be over 12 times more efficient than the 2.2-m telescope for survey work. When it goes into operation some years from now, ESO will consolidate its front-line position in wide-field imaging capabilities. Another survey, the DEep Near Infrared Southern Sky Survey (DENIS) , is now being carried out at La Silla. It is a joint European project that is conducted at the 1-m ESO telescope by a consortium of 20 astronomical institutes. More information Further information about EIS is available at http://www.eso.org/eis. From this site, it is possible to visit the EIS release page and to browse through pictures of the distant Universe and of individual objects, some of which will be observed with the VLT in the future. Notes [1] The home institutes of the astronomers involved in EIS include the European Southern Observatory, Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste (Italy), Leiden Observatory (The Netherlands), Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris (France), Max-Planck Institut fr Astrophysik (Germany), Astronomisk Observatorium (Copenhagen, Denmark), Istituto di Radioastronomia del CNR (Bologna, Italy), Landensternwarte Heidelberg-Knigstuhl (Heidelberg, Germany), DAEC, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon (France), ESA/ESO Space Telescope-European Coordinating Facility (Garching, Germany), Osservatorio Astronomico di Pino Torinese, Torino (Italy) and Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte (Napoli, Italy). [2] In astronomy, the redshift (z) denotes the fraction by which the lines in the spectrum of an object are shifted towards longer wavelengths. The observed redshift of a distant galaxy or quasar gives a direct estimate of the universal expansion (i.e. the `recession velocity'). Since this expansion rate increases with the distance, the velocity (and thus the redshift) is itself a function (the Hubble relation) of the distance to the object. The indicated redshift interval (0.2 < z < 1.3) corresponds to a distance interval of approx. 3,000 to 7,000 million light-years. This Press Release is accompanied by ESO PR Photo 29/98 , available in two versions. It may be reproduced, if credit is given to the European Southern Observatory. ESO Education & Public Relations Department Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany ESO Press Information is made available on the World-Wide Web (URL: http://www.eso.org ).

  19. Cabergoline Treatment in Invasive Giant Prolactinoma

    PubMed Central

    Alsubaie, Sadeem; Almalki, Mussa H

    2014-01-01

    Patients with invasive giant prolactinoma suffer from a constellation of symptoms including headache, blurred vision, lethargy, and sexual dysfunction. Cabergoline, a potent dopamine agonist, is a known medication prescribed for the treatment of invasive giant prolactinoma. Here, we report a case of invasive giant prolactinoma in a 52-year-old Saudi male with dramatic response to cabergoline treatment clinically, biochemically, and radiologically. PMID:25002819

  20. Solitary Ulcerated Congenital Giant Juvenile Xanthogranuloma

    PubMed Central

    Ng, Su Yuen

    2015-01-01

    A 3-month-old female patient with a giant ulcerated nodule over the back since birth was diagnosed as congenital giant juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) based on clinical and histopathological examination. Congenital giant JXG with ulceration at birth is a rare presentation of JXG and commonly misdiagnosed. This case emphasizes the importance of being aware of the myriad presentations of JXG in order to make a correct diagnosis and avoid unnecessary investigations or treatment. PMID:26288431