Sample records for giant hepatic hemangioma

  1. Arterial Embolization of Giant Hepatic Hemangiomas

    SciTech Connect

    Giavroglou, Constantinos; Economou, Hippolete; Ioannidis, Ioannis [Department of Radiology, AHEPA Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)

    2003-02-15

    Hepatic cavernous hemangiomas are usually small and asymptomatic. They are usually discovered incidentally and only a few require treatment. However, giant hemangiomas may cause symptoms,which are indications for treatment. We describe four cases of symptomatic giant hepatic hemangiomas successfully treated with transcatheter arterial embolization, performed with polyvinyl alcohol particles. There were no complications. Follow-up with clinical and imaging examinations showed disappearance of symptoms and decrease in size of lesions.

  2. Arterial Embolization of Giant Hepatic Hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Constantinos Giavroglou; Hippolete Economou; Ioannis Ioannidis

    2003-01-01

      Hepatic cavernous hemangiomas are usually small\\u000a and asymptomatic. They are usually discovered incidentally and only a\\u000a few require treatment. However, giant hemangiomas may cause symptoms,\\u000a which are indications for treatment. We describe four cases of\\u000a symptomatic giant hepatic hemangiomas successfully treated with\\u000a transcatheter arterial embolization, performed with polyvinyl alcohol\\u000a particles. There were no complications. Follow-up with clinical and\\u000a imaging examinations

  3. Capsular retraction in hepatic giant hemangioma: CT and MR features

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. M. Yang; M. H. Yoon; H. S. Kim; J. W. Chung

    2001-01-01

    We report two cases of hepatic giant hemangiomas with capsular retraction of the liver adjacent to the tumor on computed tomography and magnetic resonance images. Our cases show that the retraction of the liver capsule adjacent to the tumor is not a finding specific to malignant hepatic tumors but can also be observed in benign hepatic tumors.

  4. Hepatic hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. E. F. Hobbs

    1990-01-01

    There are 2 main and different forms of hepatic hemangiomas-those of early childhood and those of later adult life. The former, called infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma, may be life-threatening due to arteriovenous shunting in extensive lesions resulting in cardiac failure. Although they may resolve spontaneously, if cardiac failure develops, they must be treated aggressively by arterial ligation or embolization. The adult

  5. Case report: living donor liver transplantation for giant hepatic hemangioma using a right lobe graft without the middle hepatic vein.

    PubMed

    Zhong, Lin; Men, Tong-Yi; Yang, Gao-di; Gu, Yan; Chen, Guoqing; Xing, Tong-Hai; Fan, Jun-Wei; Peng, Zhi-Hai

    2014-01-01

    Hepatic hemangioma patients with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome have reportedly been cured by liver transplantation. However, liver transplantation as a potential cure for a stable patient without Kasabach-Merritt syndrome remains debatable. We report the case of a 27-year-old female patient with a giant hepatic hemangioma. The hemangioma measured 50×40×25 cm in size and weighed 15 kg, which is the largest and heaviest hemangioma reported in the literature. The patient showed jaundice, ascites, anemia, and appetite loss; but no disseminated intravascular coagulation was observed through laboratory findings. We successfully operated using a right lobe graft without the middle hepatic vein from a 55-year-old donor. At the long-term follow-up, the patient experienced two acute rejections, which were confirmed by biopsy. However, the patient still survives with good graft function after 50 months. PMID:24708716

  6. Living donor liver transplantation for giant hepatic hemangioma with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome with a posterior segment graft

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuji Kumashiro; Mureo Kasahara; Kazuhiro Nomoto; Masaru Kawai; Katsuya Sasaki; Tetsuya Kiuchi; Koichi Tanaka

    2002-01-01

    We present a case of a giant hepatic hemangioma with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome, which was cured by living donor liver transplantation. A 48-year-old woman complained of abdominal fullness and appetite loss. The laboratory data showed disseminated intravascular coagulation and a morphologic evaluation revealed a giant hepatic hemangioma involving both lobes of the liver. Living donor liver transplantation was indicated for Kasabach-Merritt

  7. Right trisegmentectomy with thoracoabdominal approach after transarterial embolization for giant hepatic hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyung-Il Seo; Hong Jae Jo; Suk Kim

    2009-01-01

    Hepatic hemangiomas need to be treated surgically in cases where they are accompanied with symptoms, have a risk of rupture, or are hardly distinguishable from malignancy. The present authors conducted embolization of the right hepatic artery one day before an operation for a huge hemangioma accompanied with symptoms and confirmed a decrease in its size. The authors performed a right

  8. Hepatic hemangioma: atypical appearance

    SciTech Connect

    Mikulis, D.J.; Costello, P.; Clouse, M.E.

    1985-07-01

    Recent reports indicate that computed tomography (CT) after bolus injection of contrast material is diagnostically specific for hemangioma, replacing the need for angiography in a high percentage of patients. The authors report a unique hepatic hemangioma that showed early diffuse intense opacification by angiography and contrast-enhanced CT.

  9. Hepatic hemangioma: atypical appearance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David J. Mikulis; Philip Costello; Melvin E. Clouse

    1985-01-01

    Recent reports indicate that computed tomography (CT) after bolus injection of contrast material is diagnostically specific for hemangioma, replacing the need for angiography in a high percentage of patients. The authors report a unique hepatic hemangioma that showed early diffuse intense opacification by angiography and contrast-enhanced CT.

  10. Living donor liver transplantation in a patient with giant hepatic hemangioma complicated by Kasabach-Merritt syndrome: Report of a case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Makoto Meguro; Yuji Soejima; Akinobu Taketomi; Toru Ikegami; Yo-ichi Yamashita; Noboru Harada; Shinji Itoh; Koichi Hirata; Yoshihiko Maehara

    2008-01-01

    We herein present a case of unresectable giant hepatic hemangiomas with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome which was successfully treated\\u000a by living donor liver transplantation using a left lobe graft. The patient was a 45-year-old woman who complained of abdominal\\u000a distension. Two sessions of transarterial embolization were performed, but failed to reduce the size of the tumor. The hepatic\\u000a tumors were thus judged

  11. Giant calvarial cavernous hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Verma, Satish Kumar; Singh, Pankaj Kumar; Garg, Kanwaljeet; Satyarthee, Guru Dutta; Sharma, Mehar C.; Singh, Manmohan; Sharma, Bhawani Shankar

    2015-01-01

    Though hemangiomas of the bone are quite common, calvarial (skull) cavernous hemangiomas are relatively rare pathologies. Calvarial hemangiomas are usually small and asymptomatic. However, they may occasionally grow in size to achieve large sizes and can present as a palpable swelling. We present a child with massive temporo-parieto-occipital calvarial cavernous hemangioma, who was managed with a multimodal approach with excellent cosmetic and neurologic outcome. PMID:25878743

  12. Spontaneous subacute intratumoral hemorrhage of hepatic cavernous hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Shimoji; R. Shiraishi; A. Kuwatsuru; T. Maehara; T. Matsumoto; Y. Kurosaki

    2004-01-01

    We report a case of giant hepatic cavernous hemangioma associated with spontaneous subacute intratumoral hemorrhage. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an oval, homogeneous, high-intensity lesion with a low-intensity rim in the original high-intensity tumor on T2-weighted images. On T1-weighted images, this oval lesion showed heterogeneous high intensity with peripheral higher intensity. The histologic specimen confirmed hepatic hemangioma with intratumoral hemorrhage.

  13. Prenatal Diagnosis of Hepatic Hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michel Dreyfus; Jean-Jacques Baldauf; Karim Dadoun; François Becmeur; Françoise Berrut; Jean Ritter

    1996-01-01

    We report the prenatal diagnosis of a hepatic hemangioma presenting as a heterogeneous mass (6 × 5 cm) of the fetal liver, thickly septated with calcifications. Pulsed Doppler confirmed the vascular pattern of the mass. Subsequent postnatal examinations and follow-up have documented the spontaneous regression of this benign tumor. Antenatal diagnosis of fetal liver masses and management after delivery are

  14. Unusual treatment of Kasabach-Merritt syndrome secondary to hepatic hemangioma: embolization with bleomycin.

    PubMed

    Bozkaya, Halil; Cinar, Celal; Unalp, Omer Vedat; Parildar, Mustafa; Oran, Ismail

    2014-12-01

    Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) is a rare complication of cavernous hemangiomas characterized with anemia, thrombocytopenia, and consumption coagulopathy. This syndrome usually develops due to superficial soft tissue hemangiomas in infancy and childhood. KMS developing secondarily to hepatic hemangioma is very rare. In this report, we aimed to present the treatment of KMS developing secondarily to giant cavernous hemangioma of the liver with transarterial chemoembolization using bleomycin. PMID:25471004

  15. Right hepatectomy for giant cavernous hemangioma with diffuse hemangiomatosis around Glisson’s capsule

    PubMed Central

    Ohkura, Yu; Hashimoto, Masaji; Lee, Seigi; Sasaki, Kazunari; Matsuda, Masamichi; Watanabe, Goro

    2014-01-01

    Diffuse liver hemangiomatosis with giant cavernous hemangioma in adult is extremely rare. A 35 year-old woman presented to hospital with main complaint of epigastric pain and abdominal fullness. An enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a massive liver tumor in right lobe about 150 mm in size. There was contrast enhancement at the periphery of the mass consistent with a cavernous hemangioma. She underwent right hepatectomy. Histologically, it was diagnosed as a cavernous hemangioma. And also, hemangiomatous lesions were scattered around the Glisson’s capsule on the back ground liver. These hemangiomatous lesions were not recognized preoperatively. Even if we couldn’t diagnose hemangiomatosis around the main giant hemangioma preoperatively, we need to take enough surgical margins because the giant hemangioma has the potential to have small hemangiomatous lesions around the tumor. We reported right hepatectomy for giant cavernous hemangioma with diffuse hepatic hemangiomatosis without an extrahepatic lesion in an adult. PMID:25009410

  16. Right hepatectomy for giant cavernous hemangioma with diffuse hemangiomatosis around Glisson's capsule.

    PubMed

    Ohkura, Yu; Hashimoto, Masaji; Lee, Seigi; Sasaki, Kazunari; Matsuda, Masamichi; Watanabe, Goro

    2014-07-01

    Diffuse liver hemangiomatosis with giant cavernous hemangioma in adult is extremely rare. A 35 year-old woman presented to hospital with main complaint of epigastric pain and abdominal fullness. An enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a massive liver tumor in right lobe about 150 mm in size. There was contrast enhancement at the periphery of the mass consistent with a cavernous hemangioma. She underwent right hepatectomy. Histologically, it was diagnosed as a cavernous hemangioma. And also, hemangiomatous lesions were scattered around the Glisson's capsule on the back ground liver. These hemangiomatous lesions were not recognized preoperatively. Even if we couldn't diagnose hemangiomatosis around the main giant hemangioma preoperatively, we need to take enough surgical margins because the giant hemangioma has the potential to have small hemangiomatous lesions around the tumor. We reported right hepatectomy for giant cavernous hemangioma with diffuse hepatic hemangiomatosis without an extrahepatic lesion in an adult. PMID:25009410

  17. Polymyalgia rheumatica as a manifestation of a large hepatic cavernous hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zakiyah Kadry; Gilles Mentha; Jean Michel Cereda

    2000-01-01

    A 59-year-old woman presented with polymyalgia rheumatica which was refractory to conventional anti-inflammatory and steroid therapy. A full investigation for an underlying occult malignancy showed only the presence of a giant cavernous hepatic hemangioma. To our knowledge, polymyalgia rheumatica has never been described in association with giant cavernous hepatic hemangioma; resection of the latter lesion resulted in complete and, to

  18. Diagnosis, management, and outcomes of 115 patients with hepatic hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sam S Yoon; Caleb K Charny; Yuman Fong; William R Jarnagin; Lawrence H Schwartz; Leslie H Blumgart; Ronald P DeMatteo

    2003-01-01

    BackgroundHepatic hemangiomas are congenital vascular malformations and are the most common benign hepatic tumors. Because the use of cross-sectional imaging has increased, benign hepatic tumors, especially hemangiomas, are encountered more frequently, so clinicians should be familiar with the most appropriate diagnostic tests, management, and outcomes of patients with hepatic hemangioma.

  19. Giant adrenal hemangioma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Nursal, T Z; Yildirim, S; Tarim, A

    2004-04-01

    Although adrenal masses are relatively common, hemangiomas occurring in adrenal glands are rare. This entity creates problems in the differential diagnosis. We report a patient with a giant cavernous hemangioma with a diameter of 13 cm, which was pre-operatively diagnosed as an adenoma or a malignant tumour. Clues to the correct diagnosis and therapeutic alternatives are discussed in the context of the available literature. PMID:15154586

  20. Uncommon scintigraphic findings of multiple hepatic hemangiomas

    SciTech Connect

    el-Desouki, M.; Joharjy, I.A.; al-Muzrakchi, A.M.; Bashi, S.A. (King Saud Univ., Riyadh, (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-03-01

    Tc-99m labeled red blood cell scintigraphy is a valuable, noninvasive technique for differentiating hepatic hemangioma from other lesions by demonstrating a 'perfusion blood pool mismatch.' The characteristic finding on dynamic CT scan of peripheral and subsequent central enhancement is not usually seen on Tc-99m RBC angiography, probably due to rapid mixing and dilution of the radionuclide and low resolution of the gamma camera. A case of multiple hepatic hemangioma is presented in which Tc-99m RBC dynamic angiography demonstrated peripheral enhancement with subsequent central filling. In addition, delayed static images showed more hepatic lesions.

  1. Radiological evaluation of hepatic cavernous hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. E. Brant; J. L. Floyd; D. E. Jackson; J. D. Gilliland

    1987-01-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas of the liver are sufficiently common that they will often be incidentally discovered during hepatic imaging by ultrasound, computed tomography, or radiocolloid scintigraphy. The differentiation of these benign tumors from primary or metastatic hepatic malignancy is mandatory, but often it is not possible on the study in which the lesion was originally detected. There are several routes by

  2. SPECT in the diagnosis of hepatic hemangioma

    SciTech Connect

    Brunetti, J.C.; Van Heertum, R.L.; Yudd, A.P.

    1985-05-01

    Tc99m labeled red blood cell blood flow and delayed static blood pool imaging is widely accepted as a reliable, accurate method for the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomata. The purpose of this study is to assess the relative value of SPECT blood pool imaging in the evaluation of hepatic hemangionata. A total of 68 patients, including 21 patients with proven hepatic cavernous hemangiomas, were studied using both planar and SPECT imaging techniques. All patients underwent multi-phase evaluation which included a hepatic flow study, immediate planar images of the liver, followed by a 360/sup 0/ tomographic (SPECT) study and subsequent 60 minute delayed static planar hepatic blood pool images. All 21 patients with proven hepatic hemangiomas had a positive SPECT exam and 17 of the 21 (81%) patients had a positive planar exam. In the 21 patients, there were a total of 36 hemangiomas ranging in size from .7 cm to 13 cm. The SPECT imaging technique correctly identified all 36 lesions (100%) where as planar imaging detected 25 of the 36 lesions (69.4%). In all the remaining patients (10-normal, 17-metastatic disease, 12-hepatocellular disease, 6-hepatoma, 2-liver cysts), both the planar and SPECT imaging techniques were interpreted as showing no evidence of focal sequestration of red blood cells. SPECT hepatic blood pool imaging represents an improvement in the evaluation of hepatic hemangioma as a result of a reduction in imaging time (less than thirty minutes), improved spatial resolution and greater overall accuracy.

  3. Clinical Experience of Hepatic Hemangioma Undergoing Hepatic Resection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hsiu-Pei Tsai; Long-Bin Jeng; Wei-Chen Lee; Miin-Fu Chen

    2003-01-01

    The indications for surgery on cavernous hemangiomas, the most common benign tumors of the liver, remain unclear. This study reviewed 43 patients with cavernous hemangioma of the liver who underwent hepatic resection from 1984 to 2000. Patients were divided into three groups based on the reasons for surgery. Group I comprised 13 patients whose lesions presented symptoms and dimensions that

  4. Role of SPECT\\/CT in diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jian-Guo Zheng; Zhi-Ming Yao; Chong-Ye Shu; Ying Zhang; Xia Zhang

    Abstract Abstract Abstract Abstract AIM: To investigate the role of SPECT\\/CT in the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas whose anatomical positions are not ideal, situated adjacent to the heart, the inferior cava, hepatic vessels or abdominal aorta, etc. METHODS: The hepatic perfusion, blood pool, and fusion imaging were carried out using SPECT\\/CT in 54 patients, who were suspected for hepatic hemangiomas.

  5. Pathognomonic scintigraphic finding of hepatic cavernous hemangioma

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, S.M.; Park, C.H.; Yang, S.L.; Rosato, F.

    1987-01-01

    Hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of the liver. An accurate diagnosis of such tumor is essential for proper management of patients with hepatic cavernous hemangioma (HCH). Noninvasive diagnosis of HCH can be made using sequential Tc-99m RBC scintigraphy by demonstrating a perfusion-blood pool mismatch. In addition, a case of HCH was observed which demonstrated peripheral enhancement with subsequent central enhancement on a sequential Tc-99m RBC blood pool scintigraphy. It is felt that this scintigraphic finding is pathognomonic for HCH.

  6. Antenatal diagnosis of fetal hepatic hemangioma treated with maternal corticosteroids

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Justine Morris; Jodi Abbott; Patricia Burrows; Deborah Levine

    1999-01-01

    Background: Infantile hepatic hemangioma is a benign liver tumor with potentially fatal complications. Response of these lesions to steroid therapy has been well documented in infants. Successful antenatal treatment of a fetal hepatic hemangioma with maternal corticosteroids is reported.Case: A 36-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 1, had an ultrasound at 17 weeks which showed a fetal hepatic hemangioma. Because of

  7. Selective hepatic vascular exclusion versus pringle maneuver in partial hepatectomy for liver hemangioma compressing or involving the major hepatic veins.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yuan; Zhao, Ling-Hao; Fu, Si-Yuan; Lau, Wan Yee; Lai, Eric C H; Gu, Fang-Ming; Wang, Zhen-Guang; Zhou, Wei-Ping

    2014-03-01

    Massive blood loss remains a problem during resection for giant liver hemangioma. This present study was designed to compare selective hepatic vascular exclusion (SHVE) versus Pringle maneuver in surgery for liver hemangioma compressing the major (right, middle, or left) hepatic veins. From January 2003 to December 2011, 589 consecutive patients with hemangioma underwent liver resection in our department, and 273 patients had their tumors compressing at least one of the three major hepatic veins (right, middle, or left). Either SHVE (n = 120 patients) or Pringle maneuver (n = 153 patients) was used to minimize blood loss during resection. Data regarding the intraoperative and postoperative courses of these patients were retrospectively analyzed. There was no significant difference between the two groups of patients regarding age, sex, tumor size, types of hepatectomy, and extent of tumor involvement of the major hepatic veins. Intraoperative blood loss, transfusion requirements, and transfusion volume were significantly less in the SHVE group (P < 0.01). For the Pringle group, major hepatic veins were lacerated in 19 patients during hepatic parenchymal transection. For the SHVE group, a major hepatic vein was lacerated during extrahepatic dissection of the hepatic vein in two patients and during hepatic parenchymal transection in 14 patients. SHVE was more efficacious in minimizing intraoperative bleeding during liver resection for hemangiomas compressing the major hepatic veins. It prevented intraoperative major bleeding and air embolism and significantly decreased postoperative liver failure and in-hospital mortality. PMID:24666863

  8. Spontaneous rupture of hepatic hemangiomas: A review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Jr, Marcelo AF Ribeiro; Papaiordanou, Francine; Gonçalves, Juliana M; Chaib, Eleazar

    2010-01-01

    Hepatic hemangiomas are congenital vascular malformations, considered the most common benign mesenchymal hepatic tumors, composed of masses of blood vessels that are atypical or irregular in arrangement and size. Hepatic hemangiomas can be divided into two major groups: capillary hemangiomas and cavernous hemangiomas These tumors most frequently affect females (80%) and adults in their fourth and fifth decades of life. Most cases are asymptomatic although a few patients may present with a wide variety of clinical symptoms, with spontaneous or traumatic rupture being the most severe complication. In cases of spontaneous rupture, clinical manifestations consist of sudden abdominal pain, and anemia secondary to a haemoperitoneum. Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy can also occur. Haemodynamic instability and signs of hypovolemic shock appear in about one third of cases. As the size of the hemangioma increases, so does the chance of rupture. Imaging studies used in the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas include ultrasonography, dynamic contrast-enchanced computed tomography scanning, magnetic resonance imaging, hepatic arteriography, digital subtraction angiography, and nuclear medicine studies. In most cases hepatic hemangiomas are asymptomatic and should be followed up by means of periodic radiological examination. Surgery should be restricted to specific situations. Absolute indications for surgery are spontaneous or traumatic rupture with hemoperitoneum, intratumoral bleeding and consumptive coagulopathy (Kassabach-Merrit syndrome). In a patient presenting with acute abdominal pain due to unknown abdominal disease, spontaneous rupture of a hepatic tumor such as a hemangioma should be considered as a rare differential diagnosis. PMID:21191518

  9. [Hemangioma, the most frequent hepatic tumor. Diagnosis with dynamic CAT].

    PubMed

    Cuevas Ibáñez, A; Santos Cores, J; Molina López-Nava, P; Fernández Iglesias, P; Bones Purkiss, J

    1994-08-01

    The sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of dynamic CAT with contrast piston-stroke performed at a single cut are described for the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas. We analyzed the correlation between the findings obtained through dynamic CAT and those obtained through echography, PAAF, analytic and clinical study of the patients with suspicion of hepatic hemangioma. The following values were obtained: sensitivity 92.3%; specificity 50%; VPP 88.8%; VPN 60%; and global diagnostic affectivity 84.37%. According to these results, we think that dynamic CAT is a highly reliable test for the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas. PMID:7772685

  10. Radiological evaluation of hepatic cavernous hemangioma

    SciTech Connect

    Brant, W.E.; Floyd, J.L.; Jackson, D.E.; Gilliland, J.D.

    1987-05-08

    Cavernous hemangiomas of the liver are sufficiently common that they will often be incidentally discovered during hepatic imaging by ultrasound, computed tomography, or radiocolloid scintigraphy. The differentiation of these benign tumors from primary or metastatic hepatic malignancy is mandatory, but often it is not possible on the study in which the lesion was originally detected. There are several routes by which to arrive at the correct diagnosis, but the optimum study or sequence of studies may elude the physician caring for the patient. Knowledge of the imaging options, and the strengths and weaknesses of each of these options, will facilitate a rapid diagnosis and ensure proper treatment, with maximum patient safety and minimum expenditure of resources. This article examines these radiological options.

  11. Spontaneous rupture: a rare complication of hepatic hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    De Beul, P; Roels, P; Heirwegh, G; Janssen, A; Claikens, B

    2014-01-01

    Hepatic lesions are one of the possible visceral causes of spontaneous hemoperitoneum. Hepatic hemangiomas are congenital vascular malformations and are the most common benign tumours of the liver. Most cases are asymptomatic. Although they seldom rupture, it is important to diagnose them as their global mortality rate is high. An accurate diagnosis of a hemangioma as cause of a hemoperitoneum would result in correct clinical decision making and treatment. PMID:25597208

  12. Role of Perfusion CT Differentiating Hemangiomas from Malignant Hepatic Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Jagjeet; Sharma, Sanjiv; Aggarwal, Neeti; Sood, R G; Sood, Shikha; Sidhu, Ravinder

    2014-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of the study was to determine the role of computed tomography (CT) perfusion in differentiating hemangiomas from malignant hepatic lesions. Materials and Methods: This study was approved by the institutional review board. All the patients provided informed consent. CT perfusion was performed with 64 multidetector CT (MDCT) scanner on 45 patients including 27 cases of metastasis, 9 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and 9 cases of hemangiomas. A 14 cm span of the liver was covered during the perfusion study. Data was analyzed to calculate blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), permeability surface area product (PS), mean transit time (MTT), hepatic arterial fraction (HAF), and induced residue fraction time of onset (IRFTO). CT perfusion parameters at the periphery of lesions and background liver parenchyma were compared. Results: Significant changes were observed in the perfusion parameters at the periphery of different lesions. Of all the perfusion parameters BF, HAF, and IRFTO showed most significant changes. In our study we found: BF of more than 400 ml/100 g/min at the periphery of the hemangiomas showed sensitivity of 88.9%, specificity of 83.3%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 57.1%, and negative predictive value (NPV) of 96.7% in differentiating hemangiomas from hepatic malignancy; HAF of more than 60% at the periphery of hemangiomas showed sensitivity of 77.8%, specificity of 86.1%, PPV of 58.3% and NPV of 93.9% in differentiating hemangiomas from hepatic malignancy; IRFTO of more than 3 s at the periphery of hemangiomas showed sensitivity of 77.8%, specificity of 86.1%, PPV of 58.3%, and NPV of 93.9% in differentiating hemangiomas from hepatic malignancy. Conclusion: Perfusion CT is a helpful tool in differentiating hemangiomas from hepatic malignancy by its ability to determine changes in perfusion parameters of the lesions. PMID:24744967

  13. A giant compound hemangioma of lower lip.

    PubMed

    Jeddy, Nadeem; Duraiyan, Jeya Pradha; Palanivelu, Shivakumar; Ramamoorthy, Ananthalakshmi

    2012-09-01

    Hemangioma is one of the most common benign tumors of vascular origin affecting 10-12% of infancy. Approximately 50% of hemangiomas resolve by the age of 5 years and 90% resolve by 9 years of age. Rarely hemangiomas may persist, warranting systemic or surgical treatment. Treatment depends on size, location, and evolution stage of the lesion. In this study, we present a case of huge hemangioma involving lower lip in a 20-year-old male for whom early treatment was ignored due to poor economic status, which was recognized and treated in our institution. PMID:23248483

  14. Hepatic hemangioma masquerading as a tumor originating from the stomach

    PubMed Central

    ZHANG, XINGMAO; ZHOU, ZHIXIANG

    2015-01-01

    Hemangioma is the most common benign hepatic neoplasm. The majority of cases are asymptomatic and can be confirmed by imaging examinations, including enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Exophytic growth is not common and pedunculated cases are extremely rare. The present study reports a case that was pre-operatively misdiagnosed as a stomach-originating tumor. Laparoscopic exploration confirmed that this tumor was a hepatic hemangioma with a long peduncle originating from the left edge of the liver. The final diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma was confirmed by postoperative pathology. This indicates that hepatic hemangioma with a long peduncle has the possibility to be inaccurately diagnosed. Laparoscopic examination is required for such cases. PMID:25663921

  15. Ultrasonography guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for hepatic cavernous hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yan Cui; Li-Yan Zhou; Man-Ku Dong; Ping Wang; Min Ji; Xiao-Ou Li; Chang-Wei Chen; Zi-Pei Liu; Yong-Jie Xu; Hong-Wen Zhang

    2003-01-01

    AIM: Hepatic cavernous hemangioma (HCH) is the most common benign tumor of the liver and its management is still controversial. Recent success in situ radiofrequency ablation of hepatic malignancies has led us to consider using this technique in patients with HCH. This study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and complications of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) under ultrasonography guidance in

  16. Coronary and atrial compression by a giant cardiac hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Olivotti, Luca; Botta, Luca; Gandolfo, Alfredo; Petrella, Duccio; Serafini, Giovanni; Danzi, Gian Battista; Martinelli, Luigi

    2014-01-01

    A 57-year-old asymptomatic man showed a round echo-dense mass, partially occupying the left atrium on echocardiography. Magnetic resonance localized the mass in the atrioventricular groove, inside the pericardial space, and showed a large hepatic mass too. Computed tomography revealed significant compression of the left main coronary artery and of the left pulmonary veins outlet. The tumor was surgically removed and diagnosed as hemangioma. Heart hemangiomas are extremely rare; they are usually asymptomatic but sometimes they grow rapidly, causing various symptoms. In our case, life-threatening compression of the left main coronary artery and of the pulmonary veins warranted the intervention. PMID:25081503

  17. Varied appearances of hepatic cavernous hemangiomas with sonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and scintigraphy

    SciTech Connect

    Bree, R.L.; Schwab, R.E.; Glazer, G.M.; Fink-Bennett, D.

    1987-11-01

    The incidental detection of an hepatic cavernous hemangioma may create a problem in differential diagnosis. The authors here review the characteristics of hemangiomas as recorded by various types of imaging.

  18. Lipiodol retention within hepatic cavernous hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Renan Uflacker; Guilherme S. Mourão; Ronie L. Piske

    1989-01-01

    Intraarterial injection of Lipiodol has been recommended to differentiate hepatocellular carcinoma from benign lesions such\\u000a as cavernous hemangioma, because uptake and prolonged retention of the contrast medium is a characteristic of the malignant\\u000a tumors. In two cases of cavernous hemangioma of the liver in which we injected Lipiodol, uptake and retention up to 3 months\\u000a was demonstrated. We conclude that

  19. Hepatic hemangiomas: subtype classification and development of a clinical practice algorithm and registry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emily R. Christison-Lagay; Patricia E. Burrows; Ahmad Alomari; Josee Duboisf; Harry P. Kozakewich; Tricia S. Lanee; Harriet J. Paltiel; Giannoula Klement; John B. Mulliken; Steven J. Fishman

    Purpose: Hepatic hemangiomas, though histologically benign, may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality in afflicted infants. The literature presents much confusion regarding the natural history and treatment options for hepatic hemangiomas. Clinical manifestations range from asymptomatic self-limiting lesions to congestive heart failure associated with high-volume vascular shunting to fulminant hepatic failure with hypothyroidism, abdominal compartment syndrome, and death. There

  20. Hepatic hemangioma in the presence of fatty infiltration: An atypical sonographic appearance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Ian Marsh; Robert G. Gibney; David K. B. Li

    1989-01-01

    The typical hepatic cavernous hemangioma presents no diagnostic difficulty at sonography. In contrast, an atypical hemangioma may cause great concern and result in costly and time-consuming investigations. The presence of diffuse fatty infiltration may result in an atypical echo-poor appearance of the hemangioma. Under such circumstances, computed tomography (CT) may not allow definitive diagnosis and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may

  1. Infantile hepatic hemangiomas. Clinical features, radiologic investigations, and treatment of 20 patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip Stanley; Geoffrey D. Geer; John H. Miller; Vicente Gilsanz; Benjamin H. Landing; Ines M. Boechat

    1989-01-01

    The clinical features, radiologic investigation, and treatment of 20 infants with hepatic hemangiomas are presented. Palpable abdominal mass (n = 18) and cardiac failure (n = 11) were the common presenting features. Nine patients had hyperconsumptive coagulopathy. Seven patients had other hemangiomas. Ultrasound (n = 15) showed the number and distribution of the hemangiomas within the liver. Hypoechoic and hyperechoic

  2. Differentiation of Hepatic Metastases from Hepatic Hemangiomas and Cysts by Using MR Imaging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jack Wittenberg; David D. Stark; Bruce H. Forman; Peter F. Hahn; Sanjay Saini; Ralph Weissleder; Ernst Rumrneny; Joseph T. Ferrucci

    Ti-weighted and T2-weighted pulse sequences were employed for MR imaging of hepatic metastatic tumors (98 patients), hemangiomas (24 patients), and cysts (seven patients); a 0.6-T superconducting magnet was used. In a retrospective study, signal intensity and morphology were used to establish criteria for differentiating metastases from hemangiomas and cysts. The signal intensity of the lesion alone failed to be an

  3. Planar and SPECT Tc99m red blood cell imaging in hepatic cavernous hemangiomas and other hepatic lesions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CHARLES INTENZO; SUNG KIM; MARK MADSEN; ANIL DESAI; CHAN PARK

    1988-01-01

    The utility of Tc-99m RBC imaging in the diagnosis of hepatic cavernous hemangiomas has been established. Of the 25 patients with various focal hepatic lesions evaluated, 16 were diagnosed as having hemangiomas: eight proven by surgery, two proven by angiography, and six proven by maintaining a stable clinical course ranging from 6 to 12 months with normal follow-up liver function

  4. MR imaging of hepatic hemangiomas of infancy and changes seen with interferon alpha-2a treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Chung; F. A. Hoffer; P. E. Burrows; H. J. Paltiel

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the appearance on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of hepatic hemangioma, and how the appearance changes in infants who have received interferon alpha-2a (IFN) treatment. We retrospectively studied 16 MR examinations in seven infants (mean age 3.2 months; range 5 days to 13 months) who were symptomatic with hepatic hemangiomas. Five of these

  5. Scintigraphic diagnosis of hepatic hemangioma: its role in the management of hepatic mass lesions

    SciTech Connect

    Moinuddin, M.; Allison, J.R.; Montgomery, J.H.; Rockett, J.F.; McMurray, J.M.

    1985-08-01

    Hepatic cavernous hemangiomas are benign tumors of the liver that are often an incidental finding. They are usually asymptomatic but may cause symptoms when traumatized, may bleed spontaneously, or may produce pain by virtue of their large size and mass effect. A retrospective analysis of the clinical presentation, liver function tests, and diagnostic imaging procedures in 20 patients with hepatic hemangiomas is presented and the literature is reviewed. The 20 patients had 27 mass lesions as seen on liver scintigraphy, computed tomography, or sonography. Technetium-99m-labeled red blood cell flow studies and blood pool scintigrams showed delayed filling of the mass lesions, diagnostic of hemangiomas. This finding was not encountered in any other type of lesion. A new diagnostic algorithm is proposed in which flood-flow and blood-pool scintigraphy play a more prominent role in the diagnostic workup.

  6. Hepatic hemangiomas: subtype classification and development of a clinical practice algorithm and registry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emily R. Christison-Lagay; Patricia E. Burrows; Ahmad Alomari; Josée Dubois; Harry P. Kozakewich; Harriet J. Paltiel; Giannoula Klement; John B. Mulliken; Steven J. Fishman

    2007-01-01

    PurposeHepatic hemangiomas, though histologically benign, may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality in afflicted infants. The literature presents much confusion regarding the natural history and treatment options for hepatic hemangiomas. Clinical manifestations range from asymptomatic self-limiting lesions to congestive heart failure associated with high-volume vascular shunting to fulminant hepatic failure with hypothyroidism, abdominal compartment syndrome, and death. There has

  7. Signal from hepatic hemangiomas on power Doppler US: real or artefactual?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tae Kyoung Kim; Joon Koo Han; Ah Young Kim; Seong Jin Park; Byung Ihn Choi

    1999-01-01

    To describe imaging findings of hepatic hemangiomas on power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US) with revised Doppler parameters for preventing PD artefacts from stationary hyperechoic tissue, we prospectively evaluated 48 hemangiomas by PD US with predetermined PD settings to prevent artefactual signals from stationary hyperechoic tissue (pulse repetition frequency of 1000 Hz, medium wall filter, and PD gain of 60–85%). Intratumoral

  8. Diagnosis of hepatic cavernous hemangioma by fine needle aspiration biopsy under ultrasonic guidance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akihiko Nakaizumi; Hiroyasu Iishi; Reiko Yamamoto; Hiroshi Kasugai; Masaharu Tatsuta; Shigeru Okuda; Yoshihiko Kishigami; Tsugio Kitamura

    1990-01-01

    Percutaneous aspiration biopsy of the liver using a heparinized 22-gauge needle was performed under ultrasonic guidance in 11 patients with hepatic cavernous hemangioma. Ten (91%) of 11 biopsy specimens obtained were cytologically diagnostic for hemangioma. No indications of malignancy were found. There was no relation between the cytological diagnosis and the location, size, or ultrasonographic findings. No complications were encountered.

  9. Hepatic hemangiomas: evaluation by magnetic resonance imaging and technetium-99m red blood cell scintigraphy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard K. J. Brown; Antoinette Gomes; William King; Elizabeth Pusey; Juan Lois; Leonard Goldstein; Ronald W. Busuttil; Randall A. Hawkins

    1987-01-01

    A study was performed to evaluate and compare the sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and radionuclide blood-pool scanning in the detection of hepatic hemangiomas. All patients had known hemangiomas which were first detected on either ultrasound or computed tomography. Sixteen patients with a total of 23 lesions were investigated. Eleven patients had both MRI and blood-pool scans performed. In

  10. GLUT1 endothelial reactivity distinguishes hepatic infantile hemangioma from congenital hepatic vascular malformation with associated capillary proliferation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jun Q Mo; Haytham H Dimashkieh; Kevin E Bove

    2004-01-01

    Hepatic vascular lesions in pediatric patients have overlapping definitions and a plethora of confusing terminology. The so-called hepatic infantile hemangioendothelioma (IHE) frequently coexists and shares some biological features with cutaneous juvenile hemangioma (CJH). To clarify the nature of hepatic vascular lesions in pediatric patients and to investigate the association between IHE and CJH, we reviewed the clinical features, imaging findings

  11. Interventional Treatment of a Symptomatic Neonatal Hepatic Cavernous Hemangioma Using the Amplatzer Vascular Plug

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oliver Kretschmar; Walter Knirsch; Vera Bernet

    2008-01-01

    Percutaneous intervention is one treatment option for symptomatic hepatic hemangioma in infants. We report the case of a newborn\\u000a (birth weight 4060 g) with a large hepatic cavernous hemangioma, which presented early with high cardiac output failure due\\u000a to arteriovenous shunting and signs of incipient Kasabach-Merritt syndrome. We performed a successful superselective transcatheter\\u000a coil embolization of three feeding arteries on

  12. Case Report: Giant Mesenteric Hemangioma with Small Intestinal Involvement An Unusual Cause of Recurrent Gastrointestinal Bleed and Review of Gastrointestinal Hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atenodoro R. Ruiz; Allen Louis Ginsberg

    1999-01-01

    Vascular lesions account for a signi® cant percentage of acute, massive hemorrhage, as well as chronic occult bleeding, especially in elderly individuals. Most of these lesions are arteriovenous malformations (AVM) or angiodysplasia. Other less commonly found vascular lesions in the gastrointestinal tract include telangiectasia, phlebectasia, and hemangiomas. We report an unusual case of a 5-kg giant mesenteric cavernous hemangioma with

  13. Planar and SPECT Tc-99m red blood cell imaging in hepatic cavernous hemangiomas and other hepatic lesions

    SciTech Connect

    Intenzo, C.; Kim, S.; Madsen, M.; Desai, A.; Park, C.

    1988-04-01

    The utility of Tc-99m RBC imaging in the diagnosis of hepatic cavernous hemangiomas has been established. Of the 25 patients with various focal hepatic lesions evaluated, 16 were diagnosed as having hemangiomas: eight proven by surgery, two proven by angiography, and six proven by maintaining a stable clinical course ranging from 6 to 12 months with normal follow-up liver function tests. Although fourteen of these were detected by planar imaging, two were detected by SPECT only. Two patients with large hemangiomas had false-negative scans, whereas the remaining seven patients had other liver lesions.

  14. Critical hepatic hemangioma in infants: recent nationwide survey in Japan.

    PubMed

    Kuroda, Tatsuo; Hoshino, Ken; Nosaka, Shunsuke; Shiota, Yohko; Nakazawa, Atsuko; Takimoto, Tetsuya

    2014-06-01

    The International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification divides vascular lesions into two major entities: neoplasms originating from the vascular endothelium and vascular malformations. Although this concept has been widely accepted, little has been established regarding vascular lesions in deep organs, such as infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH). The current nationwide survey identified 19 critical infantile hemangiomas during the most recent 5 years. On histopathology all the lesions examined were neoplastic, but portovenos shunt was found histologically or clinically in some cases. High-output cardiac failure, consumption coagulopathy, and respiratory distress were the major symptoms, and treatment-resistant coagulopathy seemed to be the most reliable predictor of fatal outcome. Although steroid has been the gold standard treatment for these lesions, 25% of the patients were totally insensitive to steroids, whereas propranolol had a prompt effect in one case. For critical IHH with steroid-insensitive thrombocytopenia and prothrombin time prolongation, novel therapeutic options including beta-blocker therapy, surgery, and liver transplantation should be urgently considered as alterative treatment. The present review summarizes the results of the survey. PMID:24689756

  15. Kupffer-phase findings of hepatic hemangiomas in contrast-enhanced ultrasound with sonazoid.

    PubMed

    Sugimoto, Katsutoshi; Moriyasu, Fuminori; Saito, Kazuhiro; Yoshiara, Hiroki; Imai, Yasuharu

    2014-06-01

    The aim of this study was to assess quantitatively the Kupffer-phase enhancement patterns of hepatic hemangiomas in contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with Sonazoid. A total of 46 patients with 46 hepatic hemangiomas (17.1 ± 6.2 mm in diameter, 34 typical type and 12 high-flow type) underwent CEUS in the Kupffer phase. The lesion-to-liver contrast ratio in the Kupffer phase was quantitatively assessed for both types of hemangioma. Most of the hepatic hemangiomas, whether or not they were the high-flow type, were iso- to hypo-echoic relative to the surrounding liver parenchyma. The contrast ratio was -5.33 ± 6.70 dB for the high-flow hemangiomas and -4.54 ± 6.28 dB for the typical hemangiomas. There was no significant difference in contrast ratio between the two types of lesions (p = 0.73). All of the hemangiomas, whether of typical or high-flow type, are iso- to hypo-echoic relative to the surrounding liver parenchyma on Kupffer-phase imaging. PMID:24556559

  16. Atypical appearance of an hepatic hemangioma with technetium-99m red blood cell scintigraphy

    SciTech Connect

    Larcos, G.; Farlow, D.C.; Gruenewald, S.M.; Antico, V.F. (Westmead Hospital, NSW (Australia))

    1989-11-01

    Three-phase 99mTc red blood cell scintigraphy is an established technique for distinguishing hemangiomas from other focal liver lesions. The most widely recognized feature is the perfusion to blood-pool mismatch characterized by decreased or normal arterial perfusion, with lesion activity which progressively increases over 1-2 hr. Although increased arterial vascularity of hemangiomas has been described, such cases either involved small portions of the lesion only or occurred in lesions not conclusively proven to be hemangiomas. We report a case of an angiography proven hemangioma with increased arterial vascularity involving a significant portion of the lesion as well as intense early blood-pool activity similar to that seen on delayed imaging. This case emphasizes the diverse appearance of hepatic hemangiomas using 99mTc blood cell scintigraphy.

  17. Dynamic GD-enhanced MR imaging of hepatic hemangioma: Is high temporal resolution requisite for characterization?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reinhard Urhahn; Markus Kilbinger; Matthias Drobnitzky; Gudrun Mans-Peine; Jörg Neuerburg; Rolf W. Günther

    1996-01-01

    We assessed the value of high temporal resolution in the dynamic characterization of hepatic hemangioma with use of magnetization-prepared gradient-echo (MP-GRE) imaging. Single-level inversion recovery incremental flip angle MP-GRE images were obtained in 26 patients with 34 hemangiomas before and at a repetition rate of 30 images\\/min after injection of Gd-DTPA without breath-holding. Enhancement patterns and temporal changes thereof were

  18. Management of hepatic hemangiomas: A 14-year experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paulo Herman; Marcelo L. V. Costa; Marcel Autran Cesar Machado; Vincenzo Pugliese; Luis Augusto Carneiro D’Albuquerque; Marcel Cerqueira César Machado; Joaquim Jose Gama-Rodrigues; William Abraõ Saad

    2005-01-01

    Hemangioma is the most common primary tumor of the liver and its diagnosis has become increasingly prevalent. Most of these\\u000a lesions are asymptomatic and are managed conservatively. Large hemangiomas are often symptomatic and reports of surgical intervention\\u000a are becoming increasingly frequent. We present our experience, over the last 14 years, with diagnosis and management of 249\\u000a liver hemangiomas, with special

  19. What is changing in indications and treatment of hepatic hemangiomas. A review.

    PubMed

    Toro, Adriana; Mahfouz, Ahmed-Emad; Ardiri, Annalisa; Malaguarnera, Michele; Malaguarnera, Giulia; Loria, Francesco; Bertino, Gaetano; Di Carlo, Isidoro

    2014-01-01

    Hepatic cavernous hemangioma accounts for 73% of all benign liver tumors with a frequency of 0.4-7.3% at autopsy and is the second most common tumor seen in the liver after metastases. Patients affected by hemangioma usually have their tumor diagnosed by ultrasound abdominal examination for a not well defined pain, but pain persist after treatment of the hemangioma. The causes of pain can be various gastrointestinal pathologies including cholelithiasis and peptic ulcer disease.The malignant trasformation is practically inexistent. Different imaging modalities are used to diagnosis liver hemangioma including ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and less frequently scintigraphy, positronemission tomography combined with CT (PET/CT) and angiography. Imaging-guided biopsy of hemangioma is usually not resorted to except in extremely atypical cases. The right indications for surgery remain rupture, intratumoral bleeding, Kasabach-Merritt syndrome and organ or vessels compression (gastric outlet obstruction, Budd-Chiari syndrome, etc.) represents the valid indication for surgery and at the same time they are all complications of the tumor itself. The size of the tumor do not represent a valid indication for treatment. Liver hemangiomas, when indication exist, have to be treated firstly by surgery (hepatic resection or enucleation, open, laproscopic or robotic), but in the recent years other therapies like liver transplantation, radiofrequency ablation, radiotherapy, trans-arterial embolization, and chemotherapy have been applied. PMID:24927603

  20. Primary hepatic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma and hemangioma with chronic hepatitis B virus infection as an underlying condition.

    PubMed

    Zhong, Yuesi; Wang, Xuehua; Deng, Meihai; Fang, Heping; Xu, Ruiyun

    2014-06-01

    Primary hepatic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma has a low incidence and is a rare subtype of hepatic malignant lymphoma. Described here is a rare case of primary hepatic MALT lymphoma and hepatic hemangioma with chronic HBV infection as an underlying condition. Possible treatment modalities, which should be selected in accordance with tumor size, tumor location, tumor number, and underlying liver disease, are discussed in conjunction with a review of the literature. In addition, the potential use of hepatic resection, radio frequency ablation (RFA), or radiotherapy followed by chemotherapy via the R-CHOP regimen is also discussed. PMID:25030854

  1. Hepatic Hemangiomas: Spectrum of US Appearances on Gray-scale, Power Doppler, and Contrast-Enhanced US

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kyoung Won Kim; Tae Kyoung Kim; Joon Koo Han; Ah Young Kim; Hyun Ju Lee; Seong Ho Park; Young Hoon Kim; Byung Ihn Choi

    2000-01-01

    Because US plays a key role in the initial evaluation of hepatic hemangiomas, knowledge of the entire spectrum of US appearances of these tumors is impor- tant. Most hemangiomas have a distinctive US appearance, and even with those with atypical appearances on conventional gray-scale US, specific diagnoses can be made using pulse-inversion harmonic US with contrast agents. In this essay,

  2. Hepatic hemangiomas: diagnosis with fusion of MR, CT, and Tc99m-labeled red blood cell SPECT images

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B A Birnbaum; M. E. Noz; J. Chapnick; J. J. Sanger; A J Megibow; G Q Maguire Jr.; J. C. Weinreb; E. M. Kaminer; E. L. Kramer

    1991-01-01

    A method of image analysis was developed for correlation of hemangiomas detected at computed tomography {(CT)} and\\/or magnetic resonance {(MR)} imaging with increased blood pool activity evident at single photon emission {CT} {(SPECT)} performed after labeling of red blood cells with technetium-99m. Image analysis was performed in 20 patients with 35 known hepatic hemangiomas. After section thickness and pixel sizes

  3. Infantile hepatic hemangiomas. Clinical features, radiologic investigations, and treatment of 20 patients

    SciTech Connect

    Stanley, P.; Geer, G.D.; Miller, J.H.; Gilsanz, V.; Landing, B.H.; Boechat, I.M. (Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles, CA (USA))

    1989-08-15

    The clinical features, radiologic investigation, and treatment of 20 infants with hepatic hemangiomas are presented. Palpable abdominal mass (n = 18) and cardiac failure (n = 11) were the common presenting features. Nine patients had hyperconsumptive coagulopathy. Seven patients had other hemangiomas. Ultrasound (n = 15) showed the number and distribution of the hemangiomas within the liver. Hypoechoic and hyperechoic elements were present in addition to prominent vascular channels and diminished caliber of the distal aorta. Radionuclide sulfur colloid (n = 12) and labeled red blood cell (n = 7) studies showed the distribution and vascularity of the hemangiomas. Computed tomography (n = 8) revealed central hypointensity with marked peripheral enhancement after contrast. Arteriography now performed only as a prelude to therapeutic embolization demonstrated hypervascularity in each patient, contrast pooling in six and early draining veins in five. Magnetic resonance scanning (n = 3) showed decreased signal intensity on T1 images and high intensity signal on T2. In two patients, there was resolution or improvement of the hemangiomas without therapy. Four patients had surgery (lobectomy (2), trisegmentectomy (1), and surgical evacuation of a central hematoma (1)). Steroids and radiation were given to seven patients, and one patient also required therapeutic embolization. Steroids were the initial therapy in five patients, one of whom later required therapeutic embolization and another cyclophosphamide. Two patients were treated initially with radiation therapy, one of whom also needed emergency hepatic artery ligation. Seventeen of the 20 patients are alive and well from 6 months to 14 years after diagnosis.

  4. Hepatocellular carcinoma with concomitant hepatic angiomyolipoma and cavernous hemangioma in one patient

    PubMed Central

    Ge, Xiao-Wen; Zeng, Hai-Ying; Su-Jie, Akesu; Du, Min; Ji, Yuan; Tan, Yun-Shan; Hou, Ying-Yong; Xu, Jian-Fang

    2015-01-01

    The risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is strongly associated with hepatitis B virus infection. Hepatic angiomyolipoma (AML), a rare benign tumor, is composed of a heterogeneous mixture of adipose cells, smooth muscle cells and blood vessels. Here, we report the case of a 44-year-old man who developed HCC with a concomitant hepatic AML and a cavernous hemangioma, in the absence of cirrhosis. To our knowledge, based on an extensive literature search using the www.pubmed.gov website, this is the first report of an HCC case with both concomitant AML and cavernous hemangioma at the same position in the liver. The presence of the hepatitis B surface antigen was detected, but the liver function was normal. Clinical and pathological data were collected before and during the treatment. Hepatic AML was diagnosed based on the typical histological characteristics and immunohistochemical staining, which revealed, a positive staining with a melanocytic cell-specific monoclonal antibody. There was no evidence of tuberous sclerosis complex in this patient. Although the HCC was poor- to moderately-differentiated, the characteristics of the AML and the cavernous hemangioma in this patient did not match any criteria for malignancy. Hepatectomy followed by transarterial chemoembolization treatment were effective therapeutic methods for the adjacent lesions in this patient. This case is an interesting coincidence.

  5. Hepatic hemangioma with normal angiograms: Three case reports

    SciTech Connect

    Davis, W.D.; Ferrante, W.A.; Tutton, R.H.; Bowen, J.C. (Ochsner Clinic and Alton Ochsner Medical Foundation, New Orleans, LA (USA))

    1990-02-16

    Three cases of symptomatic cavernous hemangioma of the liver are reported. All three patients have normal angiograms. A review of the literature shows that the diagnosis of hemangioma may be made noninvasively with a high degree of accuracy. Technetium Tc 99m-labeled red blood cell scanning is very specific, while dynamic computed tomography may be more sensitive for small lesions. A combination of the two modalities makes the diagnosis in greater than 90% of cases. Magnetic resonance imaging is also sensitive and specific. Angiography, as shown in these cases, may not only be questionably indicated, but may be misleading. The treatment for symptomatic lesions is resection, and secondary alternatives are discussed.

  6. Hepatic hemangiomas: evaluation by magnetic resonance imaging and technetium-99m red blood cell scintigraphy

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, R.K.; Gomes, A.; King, W.; Pusey, E.; Lois, J.; Goldstein, L.; Busuttil, R.W.; Hawkins, R.A.

    1987-11-01

    A study was performed to evaluate and compare the sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and radionuclide blood-pool scanning in the detection of hepatic hemangiomas. All patients had known hemangiomas which were first detected on either ultrasound or computed tomography. Sixteen patients with a total of 23 lesions were investigated. Eleven patients had both MRI and blood-pool scans performed. In the group studied by both modalities, 18 lesions were detected ranging in size from 1 to 11 cm. All lesions were detected by both techniques. However, two of the 18 lesions had an atypical appearance on MRI. Our experience to date indicates that the anatomic location and specific diagnosis of hemangiomas can be made with a high degree of certainty when both MRI and blood-pool scanning techniques are utilized.

  7. Interventional Treatment of a Symptomatic Neonatal Hepatic Cavernous Hemangioma Using the Amplatzer Vascular Plug

    SciTech Connect

    Kretschmar, Oliver, E-mail: oliver.kretschmar@kispi.unizh.ch; Knirsch, Walter [University Children's Hospital Zurich, Division of Pediatric Cardiology (Switzerland); Bernet, Vera [University Children's Hospital Zurich, Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care (Switzerland)

    2008-03-15

    Percutaneous intervention is one treatment option for symptomatic hepatic hemangioma in infants. We report the case of a newborn (birth weight 4060 g) with a large hepatic cavernous hemangioma, which presented early with high cardiac output failure due to arteriovenous shunting and signs of incipient Kasabach-Merritt syndrome. We performed a successful superselective transcatheter coil embolization of three feeding arteries on the seventh day of life. Because of remaining diffuse very small arteries causing a relevant residual shunt, additional occlusion of the three main draining veins was necessary with three Amplatzer vascular plugs. Cardiac failure resolved immediately. Without any additional therapy the large venous cavities disappeared within the following months. The tumor continues to regress in size 8 months after the intervention.

  8. MR findings of hepatic cavernous hemangioma after intraarterial infusion of iodized oil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. I. Choi; Y. M. Shin; J. W. Chung; S. H. Kim; J. H. Park; M. C. Han

    1994-01-01

    Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed on five tumors of three patients who had hepatic hemangiomas. Four tumors were given an intraarterial infusion of 3–8 ml of iodized oil, while one tumor was not. MR images were obtained at 2.0 or 0.5 T. A single spin echo sequence with TE of 30 ms and TR of 500 ms and a

  9. Step-by-step vascular control for extracapsular resection of complex giant liver hemangioma involving the inferior vena cava.

    PubMed

    Dou, Lei; Meng, Wei-Shan; Su, Bao-Dong; Zhu, Peng; Zhang, Wei; Liang, Hui-Fang; Chen, Yi-Fa; Chen, Xiao-Ping

    2014-01-01

    Massive hemorrhage remains an important clinical problem in extracapsular resection of giant liver hemangiomas (GLHs), especially for those involving the proximal hepatic veins and/or inferior vena cava. Between July 2004 and March 2012, 87 patients with a complex GLH scheduled for surgical treatment were included in this study. All patients were underwent vascular preparation (Step 1), advanced hepatic artery clamping (Step 2), and stepwise vascular occlusion (Step 3). Intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion volume, degree of ischemia-reperfusion injury, and postoperative complications were recorded. No patients required urgent vascular preparation to manage intraoperative bleeding. In total, 87, 64, and 21 patients had portal triad (PT), infrahepatic inferior vena cava (IVC), and suprahepatic IVC preparation; and 17, 43, and 11 patients had PT, PT and suprahepatic IVC, and all three (PT, infra-, and suprahepatic IVC) occlusions. The PT, infrahepatic IVC, and SIVC occlusion times were 12.1 ± 3.7 minutes, 7.9 ± 2.4 minutes, and 3.2 ± 1.4 minutes, respectively. Mean blood loss was 291.9 ± 124.5 mL, and only four patients received blood transfusions. No patients had life-threatening complications or died (Clavien-Dindo Grade 4, 5). Compared with paralleled studies, this technique has an advantage to decrease the blood loss in less liver ischemia time. For complex GLH resections, the described step-by-step vascular control technique was efficacious and feasible for controlling intraoperative bleeding. PMID:24401502

  10. Multiple hepatic sclerosing hemangioma mimicking metastatic liver tumor successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery: Report of a case

    PubMed Central

    Wakasugi, Masaki; Ueshima, Shigeyuki; Tei, Mitsuyoshi; Tori, Masayuki; Yoshida, Ken-ichi; Tsujimoto, Masahiko; Akamatsu, Hiroki

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Hepatic sclerosing hemangioma is a very rare benign tumor, characterized by fibrosis and hyalinization occurring in association with degeneration of a hepatic cavernous hemangioma. We report here a rare case of multiple hepatic sclerosing hemangioma mimicking metastatic liver tumor that was successfully treated using laparoscopic surgery. Presentation of case A 67-year-old woman with multiple liver tumors underwent single-incision laparoscopic sigmoidectomy under a diagnosis of advanced sigmoid cancer with multiple liver metastases. Examination of surgical specimens of sigmoid colon revealed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma invading the serosa, and no lymph node metastases. Serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 remained within normal limits throughout the course. Two months after sigmoidectomy, the patient underwent laparoscopic partial hepatectomy of S1 and S6 of the liver and cholecystectomy. Histopathological examination showed that the tumors mainly comprised hyalinized tissue and collagen fibers with sporadic vascular spaces on hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections, yielding a diagnosis of multiple hepatic sclerosing hemangioma. No evidence of recurrence has been seen as of 21 months postoperatively. Discussion Differentiating multiple sclerosing hemangiomas from metastatic liver tumors was quite difficult because the radiological findings were closely compatible with liver metastases. Laroscopic hepatectomy provided less blood loss, a shorter duration of hospitalization, and good cosmetic results. Conclusion Sclerosing hemangioma should be included among the differential diagnoses of multiple liver tumors in patients with colorectal cancer. Laparoscopic hepatectomy is useful for diagnostic therapy for undiagnosed multiple liver tumors. PMID:25679307

  11. Multiple cutaneous and hepatic infantile hemangiomas having a successful response to propranolol as monotherapy at neonatal period.

    PubMed

    Cavalli, R; Novotna, V; Buffon, R B; Gelmetti, C

    2013-10-01

    Infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH) is a common liver tumors of infancy with a higher incidence in females. Various treatments for infantile hepatic hemangioma such as systemic corticosteroids, interferon-alpha, vincristine and cyclophosphamide have been suggested, though no consensus exists about the first-choice treatment. Recent evidences suggest that propranolol, a nonselective ?-blocker, may be effective and safe as first-line therapy for infantile hepatic hemangioma. We report a case of female born at term with a weight of 2.450 g started to develop multiple cutaneous IHs at 10 days of age and presenting concomitant multiple cutaneous and hepatic infantile hemangiomas confirmed on magnetic resonance imaging. Propranolol, used as monotherapy, was started at 14 days of age at a dose of 2 mg/kg/day orally and maintained for 6 months. Patient was monitored in the hospital during first days of treatment with propranolol, and discharged after no side-effects were detected. Hepatic and cutaneous lesions had complete resolution in three months, although the fibro-fatty residuum of largest cutaneous nodule was still palpable at month 6. A further control after 6 months showed no recurrences. Our report case suggests that propranolol can be a safe and effective first-line therapy for neonates with concomitant multiple cutaneous and hepatic infantile hemangiomas. PMID:24005146

  12. Utility of the SPECT Tc-99m labeled RBC blood pool scan in the detection of hepatic hemangiomas

    SciTech Connect

    Guze, B.H.; Hawkins, R.A.

    1989-11-01

    The sensitivity of SPECT imaging of hepatic blood pool activity using Tc-99m labeled RBCs was contrasted with magnetic resonance and CT imaging in 22 cases. SPECT is a noninvasive technique with a high sensitivity for the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas. It is helpful for clarifying equivocal magnetic resonance imaging results.

  13. Hepatic cavernous hemangioma: diagnosis with /sup 99m/Tc-labeled red cells and single-photon emission CT

    SciTech Connect

    Brodsky, R.I.; Friedman, A.C.; Maurer, A.H.; Radecki, P.D.; Caroline, D.F.

    1987-01-01

    During the performance of high-resolution real-time abdominal sonography, small echogenic hepatic masses are frequently discovered. A second imaging test to confirm the suspected diagnosis of hemangioma is often required. Planar labeled red-cell imaging will often not detect hemangiomas smaller than 3 cm. We studied 14 patients with labeled red-cell scintigraphy and single-photon emission CT (SPECT). Six hemangiomas were diagnosed by SPECT that would have been missed by planar imaging alone. All six were smaller than 2.5 cm. With the addition of SPECT, labeled red-cell scintigraphy has specificity and sensitivity that make it at least as reliable as dynamic CT for the noninvasive diagnosis of hepatic cavernous hemangioma.

  14. [Significant regression of a cavernous hepatic hemangioma to a sclerosed hemangioma over 12 years: a case study].

    PubMed

    Miyaki, Daisuke; Aikata, Hiroshi; Waki, Koji; Murakami, Eisuke; Hashimoto, Yoshimasa; Nagaoki, Yuko; Katamura, Yoshio; Kawaoka, Tomokazu; Takaki, Shintaro; Hiramatsu, Akira; Imamura, Michio; Takahashi, Shoichi; Ohya, Toshihide; Sakimoto, Hideto; Arihiro, Koji; Chayama, Kazuaki

    2011-06-01

    A sixties woman was found to have diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography with a tumor in the left lobe of the liver and was referred to our institution in 1998. Abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a typical, 70×45 mm cavernous hemangioma, which was followed up by annual MRI. In 2006, 8 years after the initial diagnosis, the MRI showed that the tumor had reduced to 30×15 mm. Although atypical of hemangioma, review of the annual observations indicated a diagnosis of regressive hemangioma, which also accorded with clinical observations. In 2009, a liver biopsy was performed by laparotomy during gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Pathological examination of the biopsy revealed sclerosed hemangioma tissue, confirming the diagnosis of regression of a cavernous hemangioma to a sclerosed hemangioma over 12 years. PMID:21646763

  15. Multifocal infantile hepatic hemangiomas--imaging strategy and response to treatment after propranolol and steroids including review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Bosemani, Thangamadhan; Puttgen, Katherine B; Huisman, Thierry A G M; Tekes, Aylin

    2012-07-01

    Infantile hepatic hemangioma is the most common benign liver tumor during infancy. Prompt diagnosis and timely institution of therapy are of utmost importance. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays a key role in the correct diagnosis and monitoring of treatment. We report on a 15-week-old girl with multifocal infantile hemangiomas of the liver and high output congestive heart failure. Diagnosis was confirmed by MRI. Subsequent treatment with propranolol and steroids showed dramatic regression of the lesions within 24 weeks. We present the characteristic MRI findings and discuss treatment options together with a comprehensive review of the relevant literature. Conclusion Propranolol appears highly efficacious in the management of infantile hepatic hemangioma; dedicated MRI is essential in confirming the diagnosis and monitoring of treatment. PMID:22234480

  16. Adult hepatic cavernous hemangioma with highly elevated ?-fetoprotein: A case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    WANG, HUAN-YU; ZHANG, LIANG; WU, JIAN; ZHANG, ZI-JIAN; PENG, BAO-GANG; LIANG, LI-JIAN; ZHOU, QI

    2015-01-01

    A 47-year-old male presented with a six-month history of fatigue and a four-month history of alanine and aspartate aminopherase elevation. Laboratory examination revealed that the serum ?-fetoprotein (AFP) level was 371.51 ?g/l (normal range, 0–20 ?g/l), and a computed tomography scan revealed a hypodense lesion in the left hepatic lobe. During laparotomy, a dark red-colored soft tumor (1.5×1.7 cm in diameter) was found in segment eight of the liver. Intra-operative pathology and post-operative histopathology examinations revealed that the tumor was a hepatic cavernous hemangioma. The serum AFP level was decreased to 24.45 ?g/l by the second post-operative week. The literature was searched and only three similar cases were found. A brief review of this rare disease entity was produced, which attempted to explain this appearance reasonably. PMID:25624892

  17. Definitive diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas: MR imaging versus Tc-99m-labeled red blood cell SPECT

    SciTech Connect

    Birnbaum, B.A.; Weinreb, J.C.; Megibow, A.J.; Sanger, J.J.; Lubat, E.; Kanamuller, H.; Noz, M.E.; Bosniak, M.A. (New York Univ. Medical Center, NY (USA))

    1990-07-01

    Thirty-seven patients with 69 suspected hemangiomas found by means of computed tomography (CT) and/or ultrasound were studied with both 0.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and single photon emission CT (SPECT) with technetium-99m-labeled red blood cells. Using a criterion of perfusion-blood pool mismatch, SPECT readers diagnosed 50 of 64 hemangiomas and all five nonhemangiomas (sensitivity, 78% (95% confidence interval, 0.664 - 0.864); accuracy, 80% (0.69 - 0.877)). Qualitative analysis of lesion signal intensity on T2-weighted spin-echo MR images allowed readers to diagnose 58 of 64 hemangiomas and four of five nonhemangiomas (sensitivity, 91% (0.814 - 0.96); accuracy, 90% (0.807 - 0.951)). Because of the significantly higher cost of MR imaging and its inability to categorically differentiate hemangiomas from hypervascular metastases, the authors consider SPECT to be the method of choice for diagnosing hepatic hemangiomas. MR imaging should be reserved for the diagnosis of lesions smaller than 2.0 cm and for those 2.5 cm and smaller adjacent to the heart or major hepatic vessels; in such cases MR imaging was found superior to SPECT.

  18. Scintigraphy of hepatic hemangiomas: the value of Tc-99m-labeled red blood cells: concise communication

    SciTech Connect

    Royal, H.D.; Israel, O.; Parker, J.A.; Kolodny, G.M.

    1981-08-01

    Fourteen patients with hepatic hemangiomas were evaluated by Tc-99m colloid scintigraphy and Tc-99m RBC angiography, including flow studies and early and delayed static studies. On colloid scintigraphy, the liver appeared enlarged, with single or multiple focal defects. During the flow and early static Tc-99m RBC studies, the lesions showed poor perfusion and were filled only partially or not at all. Delayed Tc-99m RBC studies demonstrated the whole extent of the lesion and all the lesions when multiple hemangiomas were present. A flow study showing decreased perfusion and a late blood-pool study showing increased local blood volume appear characteristic of hemangiomas. Liver biopsy should not be attempted in such cases.

  19. Scintigraphy of hepatic hemangiomas: the value of Tc-99m-labeled red blood cells - concise communication

    SciTech Connect

    Front, D. (Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel); Royal, H.D.; Israel, O; Parker, J.A.; Kolodny, G.M.

    1981-08-01

    Fourteen patients with hepatic hemangiomas were evaluated by Tc-99m colloid scintigraphy and Tc-99m RBC angiography, including flow studies and early and delayed static studies. On colloid scintigraphy, the liver appeared enlarged, with single or multiple focal defects. During the flow and early static Tc-99m RBC studies, the lesions showed poor perfusion and were filled only partially or not at all. Delayed Tc-99m RBC studies demonstrated the whole extent of the lesion and all the lesions when multiple hemangiomas were present. A flow study showing decreased perfusion and a late blood-pool study showing increased local blood volume appear characteristic of hemangiomas. Liver biopsy should not be attempted in such cases.

  20. Solitary hepatic hemangioma in a newborn infant complicated by cardiac failure, consumption coagulopathy, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and obstructive jaundice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. Linderkamp; F. Höpner; H. Klose; K. Riegel; W. Ch. Hecker

    1976-01-01

    A newborn infant with a large hepatic hemangioma developed congestive heart failure, consumption coagulopathy, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and obstructive jaundice. The patient was mildly heparinized (250 units per kg and day) and underwent successful resection of the tumor without lobectomy at the age of 3 days. Blood volume increased from 93.9 ml\\/kg at the age of 5 h to 124.2

  1. Transcatheter Arterial Embolization of Two Symptomatic Giant Cavernous Hemangiomas of the Liver

    SciTech Connect

    Althaus, Sandra; Ashdown, Boyd [Department of Radiology, Box 357115, University of Washington School of Medicine, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Coldwell, Douglas [Department of Radiology, Denver General Hospital, 303 Bannock Street, Denver, CO 80204-4507 (United States); Helton, W. Scott [Department of General Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Freeny, Patrick C. [Department of Radiology, Box 357115, University of Washington School of Medicine, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

    1996-09-15

    Cavernous hemangiomas are usually asymptomatic; however, a small percentage may cause symptoms. This case report discusses palliation by transcatheter arterial embolization with polyvinyl alcohol particles.

  2. Receiver Operating Characteristic Analysis of Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Differentiating Hepatic Hemangioma From Other Hypervascular Liver Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Vossen, Josephina A.; Buijs, Manon; Liapi, Eleni; Eng, John; Bluemke, David A.; Kamel, Ihab R.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the role of diffusion-weighted imaging in differentiating between hepatic hemangiomas, both typical and atypical, and other hypervascular liver lesions. Methods Retrospective review of 182 hypervascular liver lesions in 117 patients was performed. Diffusion and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging were performed using a 1.5-T unit. Imaging protocol consisted of T2-weighted fast spin-echo images, breath-hold diffusion-weighted echo-planar images, and breath-hold unenhanced and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted 3-dimensional fat-suppressed spoiled gradient-echo images in the arterial phase (20 seconds) and portal venous phase (60 seconds). Signal intensity changes and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were evaluated for all lesions. Unpaired t test was used to compare the mean ADC values for different lesions, and statistical significance was set at P < 0.01. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to determine the accuracy of diffusion-weighted imaging in differentiating hemangiomas from other hypervascular liver lesions. Results Lesions included typical and atypical hemangioma (n = 38), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC; n = 58), focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH; n = 22), and neuroendocrine tumor metastasis (NET; n = 64) with a mean tumor size of 5.3 cm. Mean ADC value for hemangioma, HCC, FNH, and NET was 2.29 × 10-3, 1.55 × 10-3, 1.65 × 10-3, and 1.43 × 10-3 mm2/s, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in the ADC value of hemangioma compared with that of FNH (P < 0.001), HCC (P < 0.001), and NET (P < 0.001), respectively. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.91. Conclusions Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and ADC maps can provide rapid quantifiable information to differentiate typical and atypical hemangiomas from other hypervascular liver lesions. PMID:18830105

  3. Giant chorioangioma treated in utero via laser of feeding vessels with subsequent development of multifocal infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Jhun, Katrina M; Nassar, Paulo; Chen, Tina S; Sardesai, Smeeta; Chmait, Ramen H

    2015-02-01

    We report a case of a giant placental chorioangioma (15.6 cm diameter) complicated by polyhydramnios and severe fetal heart failure. Fetoscopic laser occlusion of a dominant feeding vessel was performed at 29 weeks' gestation and partial devascularization was achieved. In the 33rd week of the pregnancy, the decision was made to preemptively deliver the fetus due to persistent signs of fetal cardiac failure. After birth, the infant developed multifocal infantile hemangiomas with extracutaneous involvement. We posit that the development of infantile hemangiomas may be linked to the presence of the large chorioangioma. Further study is required to ascertain if fetal treatment of the chorioangioma may have been an exacerbating factor. PMID:24941233

  4. Update on infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Lee, Kachiu C; Bercovitch, Lionel

    2013-02-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common tumors of infancy. The serendipitous discovery of the therapeutic efficacy of propranolol in the management of infantile hemangiomas has revolutionized the care and understanding of these lesions, and greatly improved the prognosis for a good cosmetic outcome. In addition, there has been an expansion of indications for treatment of hemangiomas, taking into account not only those hemangiomas that can cause airway compromise, amblyopia, and cardiac overload, but also those lesions that can lead to unsatisfactory cosmetic outcome or deformity after involution. Current concepts of pathogenesis of infantile hemangiomas, of segmental hemangiomas with systemic associations, of hepatic hemangiomas, and of the use of systemic and topical beta-blockers for the management of IH are all reviewed. PMID:23419763

  5. Hepatic hemangioma in celiac patients: data from a large consecutive series.

    PubMed

    Massironi, Sara; Branchi, Federica; Rossi, Roberta Elisa; Fraquelli, Mirella; Elli, Luca; Bardella, Maria Teresa; Cavalcoli, Federica; Conte, Dario

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aims. Hepatic hemangioma (HH) has a widely ranging prevalence. The etiology is unclear; however, associations with autoimmune disorders have been described. We aimed at evaluating the prevalence of HH in celiac disease. Methods. Ninety-seven consecutive patients with celiac disease (18 M, 79 F, median age 41, and range 17-84 years) underwent liver ultrasound between January 2011 and 2012. The findings were compared with those of 1352 nonceliac patients (581 M, 771 F, median age 50, and range 16-94 years), without liver disease or previously detected HH, who underwent US in the same period. Results. Ultrasonographic findings consistent with HH were observed in 14 celiac patients (14.4%), a prevalence significantly higher than in controls (69 cases, 5.1%) (P = 0.0006). Subgroup analysis showed that, among women, the prevalence of HH was 16.4% in the celiac disease group (13/79) compared with 5.9% in controls (46/771) (P = 0.002). In celiac setting, HH had a median diameter of 1.3?cm and presented as a single lesion in 12 cases (86%). Conclusions. Our findings are consistent with a significantly higher prevalence of HH in celiac patients. Although mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear, autoimmune and metabolic processes, as well as alterations of gut-liver axis equilibrium, could play a role. PMID:25649925

  6. Hepatic Hemangioma in Celiac Patients: Data from a Large Consecutive Series

    PubMed Central

    Massironi, Sara; Branchi, Federica; Rossi, Roberta Elisa; Fraquelli, Mirella; Elli, Luca; Bardella, Maria Teresa; Cavalcoli, Federica; Conte, Dario

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aims. Hepatic hemangioma (HH) has a widely ranging prevalence. The etiology is unclear; however, associations with autoimmune disorders have been described. We aimed at evaluating the prevalence of HH in celiac disease. Methods. Ninety-seven consecutive patients with celiac disease (18 M, 79 F, median age 41, and range 17–84 years) underwent liver ultrasound between January 2011 and 2012. The findings were compared with those of 1352 nonceliac patients (581 M, 771 F, median age 50, and range 16–94 years), without liver disease or previously detected HH, who underwent US in the same period. Results. Ultrasonographic findings consistent with HH were observed in 14 celiac patients (14.4%), a prevalence significantly higher than in controls (69 cases, 5.1%) (P = 0.0006). Subgroup analysis showed that, among women, the prevalence of HH was 16.4% in the celiac disease group (13/79) compared with 5.9% in controls (46/771) (P = 0.002). In celiac setting, HH had a median diameter of 1.3?cm and presented as a single lesion in 12 cases (86%). Conclusions. Our findings are consistent with a significantly higher prevalence of HH in celiac patients. Although mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear, autoimmune and metabolic processes, as well as alterations of gut-liver axis equilibrium, could play a role. PMID:25649925

  7. Morphologic, Phenotypic and Functional Characteristics of Endothelial Cells Derived from Human Hepatic Cavernous Hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wen-jian Zhang; Li-ya Ye; Lian-qiu Wu; Yu-ling Xin; Feng Gu; Ji-xiao Niu; Zhi-hua Yang; Guang-jin Zhu; Georges E. Grau; Jin-ning Lou

    2006-01-01

    Backgrounds\\/Aims: The pathogenesis of cavernous hemangiomas is largely unknown, and it is speculated that abnormal vasculogenesis and angiogenesis may be involved. In this study, the characteristics of cavernous hemangioma endothelial cells (CHECs) derived from the human liver were analyzed in terms of morphology, phenotype and function and compared with human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs). Methods and Results: By transmission

  8. Frequency of Arteriovenous Shunts in Hepatic Cavernous Hemangiomas in Adults as Seen on Selective Arteriography and Postembolization Radiography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yong Ouyang; Xue-Hui Ouyang; Ming Yu; Shu-Bin Gu

    2001-01-01

    Purpose: To study the frequency and angiographic findings of arteriovenous shunts (AVS) associated with adult cavernous hemangiomas\\u000a of the liver (CHL) on hepatic artery digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and optimize the imaging technique of DSA to improve\\u000a its diagnostic efficacy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 43 intraarterial DSA procedures performed on 30 adults with CHL. Of the 30 patients 22 were

  9. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging features of hepatic hemangioma compared with enhanced computed tomography

    PubMed Central

    Tateyama, Akihiro; Fukukura, Yoshihiko; Takumi, Koji; Shindo, Toshikazu; Kumagae, Yuichi; Kamimura, Kiyohisa; Nakajo, Masayuki

    2012-01-01

    AIM: To clarify features of hepatic hemangiomas on gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriaminpentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared with enhanced computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Twenty-six patients with 61 hepatic hemangiomas who underwent both Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and enhanced CT were retrospectively reviewed. Hemangioma appearances (presence of peripheral nodular enhancement, central nodular enhancement, diffuse homogenous enhancement, and arterioportal shunt during the arterial phase, fill-in enhancement during the portal venous phase, and prolonged enhancement during the equilibrium phase) on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and enhanced CT were evaluated. The degree of contrast enhancement at the enhancing portion within the hemangioma was visually assessed using a five-point scale during each phase. For quantitative analysis, the tumor-muscle signal intensity ratio (SIR), the liver-muscle SIR, and the attenuation value of the tumor and liver parenchyma were calculated. The McNemar test and the Wilcoxon’s signed rank test were used to assess the significance of differences in the appearances of hemangiomas and in the visual grade of tumor contrast enhancement between Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and enhanced CT. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and enhanced CT in the presence of peripheral nodular enhancement (85% vs 82%), central nodular enhancement (3% vs 3%), diffuse enhancement (11% vs 16%), or arterioportal shunt (23% vs 34%) during arterial phase, or fill-in enhancement (79% vs 80%) during portal venous phase. Prolonged enhancement during equilibrium phase was observed less frequently on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI than on enhanced CT (52% vs 100%, P < 0.001). On visual inspection, there was significantly less contrast enhancement of the enhancing portion on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI than on enhanced CT during the arterial (3.94 ± 0.98 vs 4.57 ± 0.64, respectively, P < 0.001), portal venous (3.72 ± 0.82 vs 4.36 ± 0.53, respectively, P < 0.001), and equilibrium phases (2.01 ± 0.95 vs 4.04 ± 0.51, respectively, P < 0.001). In the quantitative analysis, the tumor-muscle SIR and the liver-muscle SIR observed with Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI were 0.80 ± 0.24 and 1.28 ± 0.33 precontrast, 1.92 ± 0.58 and 1.57 ± 0.55 during the arterial phase, 1.87 ± 0.44 and 1.73 ± 0.39 during the portal venous phase, 1.63 ± 0.41 and 1.78 ± 0.39 during the equilibrium phase, and 1.10 ± 0.43 and 1.92 ± 0.50 during the hepatobiliary phase, respectively. The attenuation values in the tumor and liver parenchyma observed with enhanced CT were 40.60 ± 8.78 and 53.78 ± 7.37 precontrast, 172.66 ± 73.89 and 92.76 ± 17.92 during the arterial phase, 152.76 ± 35.73 and 120.12 ± 18.02 during the portal venous phase, and 108.74 ± 18.70 and 89.04 ± 7.25 during the equilibrium phase, respectively. Hemangiomas demonstrated peak enhancement during the arterial phase, and both the SIR with Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and the attenuation value with enhanced CT decreased with time. The SIR of hemangiomas was lower than that of liver parenchyma during the equilibrium and hepatobiliary phases on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI. However, the attenuation of hemangiomas after contrast injection was higher than that of liver parenchyma during all phases of enhanced CT. CONCLUSION: Prolonged enhancement during the equilibrium phase was observed less frequently on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI than enhanced CT, which may exacerbate differentiating between hemangiomas and malignant tumors. PMID:23180948

  10. Hepatic Sclerosing Hemangioma Mimicking a Metastatic Liver Tumor: Report of a Case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yo-ichi Yamashita; Mitsuo Shimada; Ken-ichi Taguchi; Tomonobu Gion; Hirofumi Hasegawa; Tohru Utsunomiya; Takayuki Hamatsu; Takashi Matsumata; Keizo Sugimachi

    2000-01-01

    We present herein the case of a sclerosing hemangioma of the liver which was extremely difficult to differentiate from liver\\u000a metastasis of rectal cancer, in a 67-year-old woman. All the radiological findings were compatible with liver metastasis;\\u000a however, marginal pooling of the tumor revealed by computed tomographic angiography and magnetic resonance imaging scans was\\u000a inconsistent with a diagnosis of liver

  11. A Case of Contiguous Primary Hepatic Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma and Hemangioma Ultimately Diagnosed Using Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography

    PubMed Central

    Shiozawa, Kazue; Watanabe, Manabu; Ikehara, Takashi; Matsukiyo, Yasushi; Kikuchi, Yoshinori; Kaneko, Hironori; Okubo, Yoichiro; Shibuya, Kazutoshi; Igarashi, Yoshinori; Sumino, Yasukiyo

    2015-01-01

    Primary hepatic marginal zone B-cell malignant lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) is extremely rare. We present a case in which a lesion was diagnosed as 2 contiguous tumors (MALT lymphoma and hemangioma) using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (US) with sonazoid. There has been no previous case of contiguous hepatic MALT lymphoma and hemangioma. The present case was a female with no medical history. We detected a snowman-like appearance, which was a tumor of 15 mm in diameter with hypo- and hyper-echogenicities in the lateral and medial parts, respectively, in the Couinaud's segment (S6) of the liver on US. The tumor appeared as a single lesion with a low-density area in the unenhanced phase and prolonged enhancement in the equilibrium phases on dynamic CT. On MRI, the whole lesion showed a low-intensity signal on T1-weighted imaging, but isointensity in the lateral part and high intensity in the medial part were seen on T2-weighted imaging. On contrast-enhanced US, the lateral hypoechoic region was homogenously hyperenhanced in the early vascular phase, and the contrast medium was washed out after about 30 s; in contrast, the medial hyperechoic region was gradually stained from the margin toward the central region. The tumor showed a defect in both hypo- and hyperechoic regions in the postvascular phase. Hemangioma was suspected for the medial part based on the typical image findings, but the lateral part was not given a diagnosis. Thus, surgical resection was performed. The medial part was a hemangioma, and the lateral part was a MALT lymphoma by histopathological findings.

  12. Frequency of Arteriovenous Shunts in Hepatic Cavernous Hemangiomas in Adults as Seen on Selective Arteriography and Postembolization Radiography

    SciTech Connect

    Ouyang Yong; Ouyang Xuehui; Yu Ming; Gu Shubin [Department of Interventional Radiology, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region's Hospital, Huhehaote 010017 (China)

    2001-05-15

    Purpose: To study the frequency and angiographic findings of arteriovenous shunts (AVS) associated with adult cavernous hemangiomas of the liver (CHL) on hepatic artery digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and optimize the imaging technique of DSA to improve its diagnostic efficacy.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 43 intraarterial DSA procedures performed on 30 adults with CHL. Of the 30 patients 22 were found to have an AVS. Transcatheter arterial embolization with Lipiodol (L-TAE) was performed on 21 of these and radiographs were taken immediately after embolization to observe the distribution of the injected iodized oil. The results were compared with those of the AVS found on DSA images.Results: AVS were identified by DSA in 22 (73.3%) of 30 patients. All AVS were located in the peritumoral liver tissue and had a parallel track appearance, or early filling of small draining veins during the arterial phase of DSA. Radiographs taken immediately after L-TAE in 21 of the 22 cases with AVS showed iodized oil filling a few portal branches or draining veins as a result of incompletely occluded shunts in 11 patients. In 10 patients there was complete occlusion and no filling of any vein, or only the originating end of draining veins filled with iodized oil. No evidence of AVS was found in the other eight patients in this series, and in six of these the DSA was not considered diagnostic.Conclusion: The present study indicates that AVS are frequently seen in adults with CHL. DSA with high-quality images is helpful in identifying small AVS of CHL. The formation of an AVS in CHL may be closely related to the pathological changes in the peritumoral liver tissue.

  13. Strawberry Hemangioma

    MedlinePLUS

    ... during their prenatal period. Signs and Symptoms Most hemangiomas of infancy appear within the first 2 weeks of life. They may begin as a bump on the skin or as a flat, reddish patch that may appear similar to a bruise. Hemangiomas grow very rapidly for weeks or months, usually ...

  14. Improved sonographic imaging of hepatic hemangioma with contrast-enhanced coded harmonic angiography: comparison with MR imaging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jae Young Lee; Byung Ihn Choi; Joon Koo Han; Ah Young Kim; Shang Hun Shin; Sung Gyu Moon

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare peripheral nodular enhancement with centripetal progression on contrast-enhanced coded harmonic angio (CHA) with those as seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. A total of 20 patients with 24 hemangiomas confirmed by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI were included in this study. All 20 patients were examined with CHA in conjunction with a galactose-based

  15. Hepatic vascular tumors.

    PubMed

    Hsi Dickie, Belinda; Fishman, Steven J; Azizkhan, Richard G

    2014-08-01

    The most common hepatic vascular tumor in the pediatric population is the infantile hepatic hemangioma. Although these lesions have a spectrum of presentations, there are three main subtypes that have been described-focal, multifocal, and diffuse. An algorithm on the workup, treatment, and follow-up of these lesions can be based on this categorization. Recent shifts in the management of hemangiomas with beta-blockers (propranolol) have also influenced the treatment of hepatic hemangiomas. This article reviews the current understanding of hepatic hemangiomas and protocols in the management of these patients. PMID:25241093

  16. T2-weighted MR imaging for hepatic hemangiomas: comparison of breath-hold and non-breath-hold turbo spin-echo pulse sequences with phased-array multicoil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. K. Kim; W. C. Wang; J. K. Han; S. G. Cho; B. I. Choi

    1998-01-01

    .  \\u000a \\u000a Background: We compared T2-weighted and heavily T2-weighted breath-hold turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequences with T2-weighted non-breath-hold\\u000a TSE sequence to evaluate hepatic hemangiomas on magnetic resonance (MR) with a phased-array multicoil.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: Twenty-two patients with 27 hemangiomas were studied at 1.0-T scanner by using T2-weighted and heavily T2-weighted breath-hold\\u000a TSE sequences (18 s each) and non-breath-hold T2-weighted TSE sequences with use

  17. [Infantile hemangiomas].

    PubMed

    Giachetti, Ana; Sojo, M Magdalena; García-Mónaco, Ricardo

    2013-12-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of infancy. While most of them have an uncomplicated course, between 10 and 15% are at risk for complications, especially during the proliferative phase, and can cause impairment of vital functions or produce permanent cosmetic disfigurement. In this update we delineate the natural history of infantile hemangiomas, with special emphasis on identifying those that require special diagnostic evaluations and multidisciplinary and closer follow-up, reviewing the study and treatment indications and current treatment modalities. PMID:24196769

  18. What Is Hemangioma?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Sun Eye Health News Consumer Alerts What Is Hemangioma? Tweet Hemangioma is a non-cancerous (benign) tumor caused by abnormal growth of blood vessels. Hemangiomas can occur anywhere on the body, but are ...

  19. Hemangioma excision - series (image)

    MedlinePLUS

    Hemangiomas are the most common type of benign blood-vessel growths that occur in infants and children. ... regress within a few years. Large or disfiguring hemangiomas, or hemangiomas that fail to regress, may require ...

  20. Giant Hepatic Carcinoid: A Rare Tumor with a Favorable Prognosis

    PubMed Central

    Elens, Maxime; Vrancken, Celine; Nuytens, Frederiek; Meert, Thibault; Delugeau, Veronique

    2014-01-01

    Primary hepatic carcinoids are rare tumors that are often diagnosed at a locally advanced stage. Their primary nature can only be ascertained after thorough investigations and long-term follow-up to exclude another primary origin. As with secondary neuroendocrine liver tumors, surgical resection remains the mainstay of therapy. Despite their large size and often central location liver resection is often feasible, offering long-term survival and cure to most patients. In selected patients liver transplantation appears to be a good indication for tumors not amenable to liver resection. An aggressive surgical attitude is therefore warranted. We report a large and unusually fast-growing liver carcinoid that appeared only marginally resectable in a patient who remains free of disease four years after surgery. PMID:24653852

  1. Congenital hemangiomas and infantile hemangioma: missing links

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John B Mulliken; Odile Enjolras

    2004-01-01

    Rapid postnatal growth and slow involution in childhood characterize the common infantile hemangioma. There are other rare vascular tumors that present fully grown at birth and behave quite differently, as designated by the acronyms: rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) and noninvoluting congenital hemangioma (NICH). RICH and NICH have similarities in appearance, location, size, equal sex ratio, and both have overlapping

  2. Cytomegalovirus and Human Herpesvirus 6, but Not Human Papillomavirus, Are Present in Neonatal Giant Cell Hepatitis and Extrahepatic Biliary Atresia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rana Domiati-Saad; D. Brian Dawson; Linda R. Margraf; Milton J. Finegold; Arthur G. Weinberg; Beverly Barton Rogers

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of our study was to confirm reports of an association of human papillomavirus (HPV) with neonatal giant cell hepatitis\\u000a (GCH) and biliary atresia (BA), and to expand these studies to include cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human\\u000a herpesvirus 6 (HHV6), and parvovirus B19 (PVB19). Frozen hepatic tissue was available for polymerase chain reaction (PCR)\\u000a analysis in 19 cases

  3. Large multifocal cutaneous hemangioma along lines of Blaschko with cardiac failure treated with propranolol.

    PubMed

    Khanna, Deepshikha; Chakravarty, Payal; Arora, Pooja; Jain, Rahul; Mittal, Medha

    2015-01-01

    Hemangiomas are classified as focal or segmental according to the morphology and distribution of lesions. Congestive cardiac failure is frequently encountered in diffuse hepatic hemangiomas due to high-volume shunting and rarely in hemangiomas confined to the skin. We report here the case of a large multifocal hemangioma along the lines of Blaschko with high-output cardiac failure, with improvement in cutaneous and hemodynamic symptoms after propranolol therapy. Presentation along the lines of Blaschko raises the possibility of hemangiomas arising as a result of mosaicism. PMID:25516210

  4. Hemangioma excision (image)

    MedlinePLUS

    A hemangioma is a non-cancerous (benign) growth of blood vessels. They are the most common benign blood vessel ( ... time and occasionally with medication. Large or disfiguring hemangiomas may require surgical excision.

  5. Birthmarks and Hemangiomas

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of life and are not serious. Hemangiomas of Infancy Hemangiomas of infancy (which used to be called strawberry patches) are ... cases, hemangiomas on the face are removed in infancy because of the social stigma from having this facial birthmark and because of only minor scarring that occurs ...

  6. Vertebral Hemangioma (VH)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reinhard Heyd; Michael Heinrich Seegenschmiedt

    Hemangiomas are slowly growing benign vascular neoplasms derived from the endothelium of vessels. Subtypes include those with\\u000a an increase of capillaries (capillary hemangioma) and those associated with an enlargement of blood channels (cavernous hemangiomas)\\u000a as well as those of mixed type [12, 25, 89, 102, 110].

  7. Extradural lumbosacral cavernous hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ismail H. Tekkök; Gökhan Akp?nar; Yücel Güngen

    2004-01-01

    Purely extradural cavernous hemangiomas of the spinal canal are extremely rare. Their occurrence at the lumbosacral level is a true exception. We describe a case of lumbosacral extradural hemangioma and review the behaviour and MR imaging characteristics of these lesions. Cavernous hemangioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of an enhancing extradural periradicular mass causing chronic lumbar radiculopathy especially

  8. Giant cell hepatitis with autoimmune hemolytic anemia in a nine month old infant.

    PubMed

    Bouguila, Jihene; Mabrouk, Sameh; Tilouche, Samia; Bakir, Dajla; Trabelsi, Amel; Hmila, Amel; Boughammoura, Lamia

    2013-04-27

    Giant cell hepatitis (GCH) with autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a rare entity, limited to young children, with an unknown pathogenesis. We report the case of 9-mo old who presented with fever, diarrhea and jaundice four days before hospitalization. Physical examination found pallor, jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly. The laboratory workup showed serum total bilirubin at 101 ?mol/L, conjugated bilirubin at 84 ?mol/L, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and immunoglobulin G (IgG) and anti-C3d positive direct Coombs' test. The antinuclear, anti-smooth muscle and liver kidney microsomes 1 non-organ specific autoantibodies, antiendomisium antibodies were negative. Serological assays for viral hepatitis B and C, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex and Epstein Barr virus were negative. The association of acute liver failure, Evan's syndrome, positive direct Coomb's test of mixed type (IgG and C3) and the absence of organ and non-organ specific autoantibodies suggested the diagnosis of GCH. The diagnosis was confirmed by a needle liver biopsy. The patient was treated by corticosteroids, immunomodulatory therapy and azathioprine but died with septicemia. PMID:23671728

  9. Diagnosis and management of cavernous hemangioma of the liver

    SciTech Connect

    Takagi, H.

    1985-01-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of the liver, which are now seen more often thanks to common use of newer imaging techniques. A review of the literature on cavernous hemangiomas of the liver, including the author's experience with 14 cases, provides data as a touchstone for discussion of the incidence, etiology, symptoms, pathology, diagnosis including ultrasound, radionuclide imaging, computed tomography and angiography, management including resection, hepatic artery ligation, radiation and corticosteroid, and the natural history of these lesions. The author concludes that surgical resection of cavernous hemangiomas should be undertaken with due concern for the relation between the severity of symptoms and the operative risks involved.

  10. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to a liver condition called hepatitis . What Is Hepatitis? The liver is one of the body's powerhouses. ... option that is not always available or successful. Hepatitis A The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is transmitted ...

  11. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... an important digestive liquid called bile . What Is Hepatitis? Hepatitis is an inflammation (say: in-fluh-MAY- ... the most common types of viral hepatitis. Continue Hepatitis A For kids, hep A is the most ...

  12. Guide to Understanding Hemangiomas

    MedlinePLUS

    ... are hemangiomas? h emangiomas are the most common benign tumor of infancy. They occur in 1 out of every 10 ... for example, varicose veins). Both are present in infancy, but vascular malformations may not be noticeable until later in life. Hemangiomas generally grow in the ?rst year of life, ...

  13. Spinal intradural capillary hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ki Joon Kim; Ji Young Lee; Sang-Ho Lee

    2006-01-01

    BackgroundCapillary hemangiomas are typically superficial lesions found in the skin or mucosa of the head and neck, but intradural locations are rare. We report a case of the spinal intradural capillary hemangioma of the lumbar spine with a review of the pertinent literature.

  14. [Treatment of hemangiomas].

    PubMed

    Salminen, Päivi; Vuola, Pia; Overmark, Meri; Lindahl, Päivi; Kalajoki-Helmiö, Teija; Pitkäranta, Anne

    2012-01-01

    Hemangioma is the most common benign tumor in infancy. Over 90% of hemangiomas require no treatment, but there is a need to recognize those that may require even quick measures to secure vital functions or normal development of organs. Propranolol has established itself as the first-line treatment. Pulsed dye laser has proven effective in the treatment of ulcerated hemangiomas. Corticosteroid therapy is applied only rarely, but surgical treatment or angiography and embolization therapy associated with it may sometimes be indicated. PMID:23033789

  15. Nasal Lobular Capillary Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Patil, Prashant; Singla, Saurabh; Mane, Ranoji; Jagdeesh, K. S.

    2013-01-01

    Nasal lobular capillary hemangioma is a rare benign tumor of the paranasal sinuses. This lesion is believed to grow rapidly in size over time. The exact etiopathogenesis is still a dilemma. We discuss a case of nasal lobular capillary hemangioma presenting with a history of epistaxis. Contrast enhanced computed tomography of paranasal sinuses revealed an intensely enhancing soft-tissue mass in the left nasal cavity and left middle and inferior meati with no obvious bony remodeling or destruction. We present imaging and pathologic features of nasal lobular capillary hemangioma and differentiate it from other entities like nasal angiofibroma. PMID:24228209

  16. Sclerotherapy of intraoral hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Levy, Charley; Mandel, Louis

    2012-04-01

    Because hemangiomas of the oral cavity are susceptible to masticatory trauma, they require therapeutic intervention. Nonsurgical eradication of the lesion was achieved with the use of injections of the sclerosing agent sodium tetradecyl sulfate. PMID:22803271

  17. Abortive segmental perineal hemangioma

    E-print Network

    Tlougan, Brook E; Gonzalez, Mercedes E; Orlow, Seth J

    2011-01-01

    spine, abdomen, and pelvis were normal. Histopathology None Discussion Abortive hemangiomasspine, and pelvis, was negative. We report a unique case of an ulcerated, segmental abortive hemangiomaspine, abdomen, and pelvis. For patients over three months old, any lumbar hemangioma

  18. Sector iris hemangioma in association with diffuse choroidal hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Shields, Carol L; Atalay, Hatice Tuba; Wuthisiri, Wadakarn; Levin, Alex V; Lally, Sara E; Shields, Jerry A

    2015-02-01

    Two patients referred for iris lesions were found to have sector hemangioma of the iris stroma in contiguity with diffuse choroidal hemangioma. Neither patient had other manifestations of Sturge-Weber syndrome. PMID:25727597

  19. Epithelioid hemangioma of bone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Ling; Mahvash Rafii; Michael Klein

    2001-01-01

    Although no specific radiographic appearance has emerged to date for the epithelioid subtype of hemangioma, these lesions\\u000a most typically exhibit well-defined osteolysis. Other relatively common features include surrounding sclerosis, cortical expansion\\u000a and cortical destruction. We present a case of epithelioid hemangioma of the spine with an unusual radiological appearance\\u000a which to our knowledge has not previously been reported: diffuse sclerosis

  20. Infantile and congenital hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Liang, Marilyn G; Frieden, Ilona J

    2014-08-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign vascular tumors of infancy. Since they predominantly involute without significant residua, the majority do not require treatment. Indications for intervention include ulceration, prevention of disfigurement, and impairment of function or vital structures. Some IHs have associated structural anomalies. When and which IH to treat requires knowledge of the natural history and clinical findings of increased risk. Congenital hemangiomas (CHs) are fully formed at birth. They also differ from IHs in their histological and immunohistochemical findings and thus represent a distinct clinical entity. Their clinical characteristics and management are also discussed. PMID:25241092

  1. Hemangioma: review of literature.

    PubMed

    Ahuja, Tarun; Jaggi, Nitin; Kalra, Amit; Bansal, Kanishka; Sharma, Shiv Prasad

    2013-01-01

    Hemangiomas are tumors identifed by rapid endothelial cell proliferation in early infancy, followed by involution over time. All other abnormalities are malformations resulting from anomalous development of vascular plexuses. The malformations have a normal endothelial cell growth cycle that affects the veins, the capillaries or the lymphatics and they do not involute. Hemangiomas are the most common tumors of infancy and are characterized by a proliferating and involuting phase. They are seen more commonly in whites than in blacks, more in females than in males in a ratio of 3:1. PMID:24685812

  2. Hemangiomas of infancy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anna L. Bruckner; Ilona J. Frieden

    2003-01-01

    Hemangiomas of infancy are unique, benign, pediatric tumors of endothelial cells characterized by an initial phase of rapid proliferation, followed by slow involution, often leading to complete regression. Although most of these tumors are small and innocuous, some may be may be life- or function-threatening, or have associated structural congenital anomalies. Uncertainties regarding their diagnosis or management often prompt referral

  3. Differential diagnosis of infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Perman, Marissa J; Castelo-Soccio, Leslie; Jen, Melinda

    2012-08-01

    1.Compare and contrast infantile hemangiomas with other vascular anomalies that may be confused clinically.2.Describe the vascular anomalies classification system according to the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA), highlighting the differences between vascular tumors, such as infantile hemangiomas, and vascular malformations.3.Briefly review associated signs or syndromes found in the context of certain vascular anomalies.Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign vascular tumor in infancy but may mimic many other types of vascular anomalies. In many cases, the appearance, time of onset, growth pattern, and consistency of infantile hemangiomas make the diagnosis straightforward (see "Pathogenesis of Infantile Hemangiomas" on p. 321). However, many other vascular lesions can appear quite similar to infantile hemangiomas, especially early in life, and at times this makes the correct diagnosis challenging. PMID:22881414

  4. Infantile hemangioma in four siblings.

    PubMed

    Couto, Rafael A; Hassanein, Aladdin H; Maclellan, Reid A; Greene, Arin K

    2013-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma is the most common tumor of infancy, affecting approximately 5.0% of Caucasians. We present the unlikely occurrence of four siblings with infantile hemangiomas; there was no family history of the tumor. One child was low birth weight, there was one set of twins, and three infants had multiple lesions. The estimated probability of four consecutive children having this phenotypic expression of infantile hemangioma is 1/4,232,804. PMID:22784313

  5. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Disease Dementia Hospitalization & Palliative Care Related Topics on AIDS.gov Combating the Silent Epidemic of Viral Hepatitis: ... Adults and Adolescents Last revised: 05/07/2014 AIDS.gov HIV/AIDS Basics • Federal Resources • Using New ...

  6. Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... men, hepatitis A can be spread by direct anal/oral contact (rimming) or by contact with fingers, ... to protect yourself include avoiding rimming and other anal and oral contact. While condom use is essential ...

  7. Dumbbell-Shaped Epidural Capillary Hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruno Badinand; Christophe Morel; Nicolas Kopp; A. Tran; Francois Cotton

    Summary: We report a case of a purely epidural capillary hemangioma of the thoracic spine with foraminal exten- sion. Epidural hemangiomas are rare; only a few cases of dumbbell-shaped ones have been reported, and all were cavernous. MR imaging showed characteristic findings of a capillary hemangioma, which are also consistent with other epidural lesions such as neuromas or meningiomas. Hemangiomas

  8. Distinction between hemangioma of the liver and hepatocellular carcinoma: value of labeled RBC-SPECT scanning

    SciTech Connect

    Kudo, M.; Ikekubo, K.; Yamamoto, K.; Ibuki, Y.; Hino, M.; Tomita, S.; Komori, H.; Orino, A.; Todo, A.

    1989-05-01

    The role of adding single-photon emission CT (SPECT) to /sup 99m/Tc-labeled RBC imaging of the liver was evaluated by specifically focusing on the differentiation between hepatic hemangioma and hepatocellular carcinoma. Planar RBC imaging followed by blood-pool SPECT scanning was performed in 77 patients with a total of 108 hemangiomas and in 29 patients with a total of 46 hepatocellular carcinomas. All lesions were smaller than 5 cm in diameter. Thirty-six (33%) of 108 hemangiomas were detected by planar delayed RBC imaging, whereas 63 (58%) were detected by the delayed RBC-SPECT scan. The smallest hemangioma shown by delayed RBC-SPECT scanning was 1.4 cm in diameter, compared with 1.7 cm by planar RBC scanning. When confined to nodules larger than 1.4 cm in diameter, 42% of hemangiomas (36/85) were detected by planar delayed RBC imaging, whereas 74% (63/85) were detected by delayed RBC-SPECT. Increase in sensitivity was noted in nodules 2.1-4.0 cm in diameter. No hepatocellular carcinomas were shown by delayed RBC planar or SPECT scans. We concluded that with the addition of SPECT, the sensitivity of delayed RBC scans in the detection of small hemangiomas is considerably improved. Delayed RBC-SPECT scanning can be used to distinguish hemangioma from hepatocellular carcinoma.

  9. Large-bowel hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David T. Lyon; Augustus G. Mantia

    1984-01-01

    A case of large-bowel hemangioma is presented, and radiologic and histologic abnormalities are illustrated. Ultrasonographic\\u000a features, not previously described, are reported. The literature is reviewed and the frequency of misdiagnosis is emphasized.\\u000a Pathologic classification, epidermiologic factors, and etiology are considered. Clinical manifestations and current approaches\\u000a to recognition and management are summarized. Vascular tumors are serious, albeit uncommon, intestinal lesions. Greater

  10. Treatment process for capillary hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Mirbehbahani, NB; Rashidbaghan, A

    2014-01-01

    Background Hemangiomas, usually, present at the first few months of life and are the most common benign tumor in children. There are various therapeutic methods for hemangioma. Capillary hemangioma is a type of hemangiomas. The steps of treatment of a child with capillary hemangioma in Taleghani Hospital of Gorgan, Iran, are reported. Case report In this report, it is described an 18-month-old child with capillary hemangioma on the right side of face. She was presented to the hematologic clinic of Taleghani Hospital of Gorgan. Three drugs, including prednisolon, propranolol and interferon alpha-2b (IFN-?-2b), were used for treating this patient. At the end of treatment, good results were obtained. After that, laser therapy was performed for fading the lesions. Conclusion Prescription of drug was our first choice for treating capillary hemangioma and it had a positive result without any complications. We used propranolol and IFN-?-2b for treating capillary hemangioma because of their better effect on this patient. PMID:25254092

  11. Scrotal Hemangioma: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Javalgi, Anita P

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of scrotal-hemangioma in a 14-year-old boy. Subcutaneous scrotal-perineal hemangioma may mimic an inguinal hernia, thus forming a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Histopathological study confirms the diagnosis. Definitive treatment by en bloc excision is recommended PMID:25653989

  12. Thoracic Extraosseous Epidural Cavernous Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Asil, Kiyasettin; Ceylan, Davut; Erdem, Sahin

    2015-01-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas were first reported in 1929 by Globus and Doshay, and are defined as benign vascular structures developed between the neural tissues occurring in the central nervous system, consisting of a dilated vascular bed. Cavernous hemangiomas comprise nearly 5-12% of all spinal vascular malformations; however, existence in the epidural space without bone involvement is rare. Only 4% of all cavernous hemangiomas (0.22/1.000.000) are purely epidural cavernous hemangiomas. In this case report, we removed a hemorrhagic thoracic mass presenting with progressive neurological deficits in a 55-year-old male patient. We found this case to be appropriate for presentation due to the rare occurrence of this type of cavernous hemangioma. PMID:25674348

  13. Thoracic extraosseous epidural cavernous hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Yaldiz, Can; Asil, Kiyasettin; Ceylan, Davut; Erdem, Sahin

    2015-01-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas were first reported in 1929 by Globus and Doshay, and are defined as benign vascular structures developed between the neural tissues occurring in the central nervous system, consisting of a dilated vascular bed. Cavernous hemangiomas comprise nearly 5-12% of all spinal vascular malformations; however, existence in the epidural space without bone involvement is rare. Only 4% of all cavernous hemangiomas (0.22/1.000.000) are purely epidural cavernous hemangiomas. In this case report, we removed a hemorrhagic thoracic mass presenting with progressive neurological deficits in a 55-year-old male patient. We found this case to be appropriate for presentation due to the rare occurrence of this type of cavernous hemangioma. PMID:25674348

  14. Nasal Bridge Intramuscular Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Hamir Basah, Zulkifli; Ramza Ramli, Ramiza; Gayadh, Maha Khadum; Mutum, Samarendra Singh

    2015-01-01

    Intramuscular haemangioma (IMH) is a benign mesenchymal tumour. It appears as a deep, nontender mass within the soft tissue, particularly in the extremities. This tumour may not be obvious on clinical examination. Head and neck IMHs represent only 13.5% of the total IMHs. The most common site for a head and neck IMH is the masseter muscle, followed by trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, and very rarely temporalis muscle. We present a patient with left nasal bridge swelling which was excised and histologically confirmed as intramuscular hemangioma. PMID:25709848

  15. Infantile hemangiomas: an update.

    PubMed

    Kwon, Eun-Kyung Mary; Seefeldt, Marcia; Drolet, Beth A

    2013-04-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH) is a common vascular tumor of infancy. Although benign, infants with IH can experience complications including ulceration, visual and airway impairment, and residual scarring and disfigurement. It is often challenging for clinicians to predict which tumors are in need of systemic treatment. However, data from various demographic and other studies have revealed further insights into this tumor. This article reviews the identification, evaluation, and management of high-risk IHs, including the indications for treatment and the use of systemic treatments such as corticosteroids, ?-blockers, and vincristine. PMID:23338947

  16. Infantile hemangiomas: A review

    PubMed Central

    Callahan, Alison B.; Yoon, Michael K.

    2012-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are the most common eyelid and orbital tumors of childhood. Although they are considered benign lesions that have a generally self-limited course, in the periocular region, they have the potential to cause amblyopia, strabismus, and severe disfigurement. The decision for treatment can be a source of anxiety for patients, parents, and physicians alike. There are numerous treatment modalities, including emerging therapies that may make treatment safer and more effective than ever before. This review discusses our current understanding of this disease, its management, and future therapies. PMID:23961007

  17. Differentiation between multiple liver hemangiomas and liver metastases of gastrinomas: Value of enhanced MRI

    SciTech Connect

    Berger, J.F.; Laissy, J.P.; Limot, O.; Cadiot, G. [Hospital Bichat, Paris (France)] [and others] [Hospital Bichat, Paris (France); and others

    1996-05-01

    Hepatic metastases of neuroendocrine tumors are known to mimic hemangiomas on nonenhanced SE MR sequences. The usefulness of MR examination with gadolinium injection to identify lesions was prospectively evaluated. Nine patients with multiple liver metastases of gastrinomas were compared with six patients showing multiple liver hemangiomas. Patients underwent unenhanced T2-weighted SE, T1-weighted SE, and FLASH sequences, followed by enhanced sequential FLASH sequences and a 5 min delayed T1-weighted SE sequence. On T2-weighted SE sequence, all hemangiomas displayed the same typical morphology as a sharply defined, homogeneous, high signal intensity lesion, but this pattern was also observed for some or all of the lesions in seven of nine patients with gastrinoma metastases. Dynamic FLASH sequences were accurate for lesions larger than 2 cm, hemangiomas displaying a nodular peripheral enhancement with centripetal filling in, and metastases displaying either an initial homogeneous or a regular peripheral enhancement. Precise assessment of lesions smaller than 2 cm remained equivocal. Delayed T1-weighted SE sequence (performed at least 5 min after Gd-chelate injection) was the most accurate technique to identify metastases by showing hypo-or isointensity signal, whereas all hemangiomas were hyperintense. Postcontrast delayed T1-weighted sequence is the primary technique to differentiate equivocal cases of hemangiomas from metastases of gastrinoma. 25 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Lumbosacral abortive hemangioma with intradural extension.

    PubMed

    Martínez-Criado, Yolanda; Fernández-Pineda, Israel; Merchante, Elena; Bernabeu-Wittel, Jose

    2014-01-01

    Abortive hemangioma (AH) is a true hemangioma of infancy that expresses glucose transporter-1 protein in the endothelial cells, with an arrested growth cycle. We present the rare case of a lumbosacral AH with intramedullary extension. PMID:24117617

  19. Large orbital hemangioma: managed with systemic propranolol.

    PubMed

    Puligadda, Ranjith K; Vijayalakshmi, B

    2014-08-01

    Most infantile hemangiomas resolve spontaneously without any need for therapy. However some hemangiomas require treatment to preserve function (vision, feeding and breathing) or to treat complications like ulceration, bleeding and scarring. The authors present a 5-mo-old infant with large orbital hemangioma on left side completely obscuring palpebral fissure, successfully managed with oral propranolol. PMID:24271877

  20. Capillary hemangioma of the sphenoid bone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard A. Suss; Ashok J. Kumar; Howard D. Dorfman; Neil R. Miller; Arthur E. Rosenbaum

    1984-01-01

    A capillary hemangioma in the body of the sphenoid bone produced unilateral optic atrophy in a 13-year-old boy. The typical reticulated appearance of an osseous hemangioma was clearly demonstrated only on direct magnification radiographs. At angiography, patchy filling occurred through vessles arising from the internal carotid and internal maxillary arteries bilaterally. The few other reports of sphernoid hemangiomas are reviewed.

  1. Ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer endobiliary obliteration of hepatic segments in a patient with isolated bile leaks.

    PubMed

    Wible, Brandt C; Gooden, Christie; Saucier, Nathan; Borsa, John J; Cummings, Lee S; Cho, Kenneth H

    2014-11-01

    A 54-year-old woman with a symptomatic giant hepatic hemangioma underwent an extended left hepatic trisegmentectomy complicated by 250-350 mL/d postoperative bilious drainage. After 5 months of therapy, drainage was unabated, and the patient was no longer a surgical candidate. Sinography revealed three distinct isolated bile duct leaks involving segments 6, 7, and 8. Endobiliary segmentectomy was achieved by obliterating the isolated systems with ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx; ev3, Plymouth, Minnesota) during three fluoroscopic procedures. Bilious leaks were successfully eliminated, and compensatory hypertrophy of noninvolved liver occurred. At 2 years from the last embolization procedure, the patient remained asymptomatic with no bilious leak. PMID:25442143

  2. Pregnancy related symptomatic vertebral hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Meena; Nayak, Rajeev; Singh, Hukum; Khwaja, Geeta; Chowdhury, Debashish

    2014-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors of the spine that remain asymptomatic in most cases and incidentally encountered on imaging. Rarely, altered hemodynamic and hormonal changes during pregnancy may expand these benign lesions resulting in severe cord compression. The management of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma during pregnancy is controversial as modalities like radiotherapy and embolization are not suitable and surgery during pregnancy has a risk of preterm labor. Few cases of pregnancy related symptomatic vertebral hemangioma with marked epidural component have been reported in the literature. We report a case of 23-year-old primigravida who developed rapidly progressive paraparesis at 28 weeks of gestation and spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed upper thoracic vertebral hemangioma with extensive extra-osseous extension and spinal cord compression. Laminectomy and surgical decompression of the cord was performed at 32 weeks of the pregnancy. There was significant improvement in muscle power after a week of surgery. Six weeks postoperatively she delivered a full term normal baby with subsequent improvement of neurologic deficit. Repeat MRI of dorsal spine performed at 3 months postoperatively showed reduced posterior and anterior epidural components of vertebral hemangioma. PMID:24753678

  3. Rapidly Involuting Congenital Hemangioma with Fetal Involution.

    PubMed

    Maguiness, Sheilagh; Uihlein, Lily Changchien; Liang, Marilyn G; Kozakewich, Harry; Mulliken, John B

    2014-12-10

    Uncommon congenital hemangiomas differ from common infantile hemangiomas in their appearance, postnatal behavior, histopathology, and immunohistologic staining. Two types are well described in the literature: noninvoluting congenital hemangioma (NICH) and rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH). We report a series of infants with another presentation of congenital hemangioma that arises prenatally and is nearly regressed at birth. This was a retrospective case series. We describe six infants with unusual congenital vascular tumors. Each lesion presented at birth as a violaceous, atrophic plaque with a surrounding pale halo. The lesions involuted in infancy, fading in color and becoming atrophic, with prominent central veins, similar to RICH in the final stage of regression. The distinctive morphology and behavior suggests that these tumors undergo a life cycle of proliferation and involution during fetal life. We describe a new variant of congenital hemangioma that we refer to as rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma with fetal involution. PMID:25492638

  4. Symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas during pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Moles, Alexis; Hamel, Olivier; Perret, Christophe; Bord, Eric; Robert, Roger; Buffenoir, Kevin

    2014-05-01

    Symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas during pregnancy are rare, as only 27 cases have been reported in the literature since 1948. However, symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas can be responsible for spinal cord compression, in which case they constitute a medical emergency, which raises management difficulties in the context of pregnancy. Pregnancy is a known factor responsible for deterioration of these vascular tumors. In this paper, the authors report 2 clinical cases of symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas during pregnancy, including 1 case of spontaneous fracture that has never been previously reported in the literature. The authors then present a brief review of the literature to discuss emergency management of this condition. The first case was a 28-year-old woman at 35 weeks of gestation, who presented with paraparesis. Spinal cord MRI demonstrated a vertebral hemangioma invading the body and posterior arch of T-3 with posterior epidural extension. Laminectomy and vertebroplasty were performed after cesarean section, allowing neurological recovery. The second case involved a 35-year-old woman who presented with spontaneous fracture of T-7 at 36 weeks of gestation, revealing a vertebral hemangioma with no neurological deficit, but it was responsible for pain and local instability. Treatment consisted of postpartum posterior interbody fusion. With a clinical and radiological follow-up of 2 years, no complications and no modification of the hemangiomas were observed. A review of the literature reveals discordant management of these rare cases, which is why the treatment course must be decided by a multidisciplinary team as a function of fetal gestational age and maternal neurological features. PMID:24605997

  5. The role of hepatic myofibroblasts in liver cirrhosis in fallow deer (Dama dama) naturally infected with giant liver fluke (Fascioloides magna)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background This paper describes liver cirrhosis in 35 fallow deer infected with the giant liver fluke, as well as the distribution, origin, and role of myofibroblasts in its development. Results In liver of infected deer, stripes of connective tissue are wound around groups of degenerated and regenerated liver lobuli. In the connective tissue, lymphocytes and macrophages which often contain parasite hematin are also present. The walls of the bile ducts are thickened, the epithelium multiplied with mucous metaplasia, and desquamated cells, parasite eggs and brown pigment are present in their lumen. In the livers with cirrhosis, immunopositivity to ?-SMA and desmin was observed in cells in portal and septal spaces, at the edge between fibrotic septa and the surrounding parenchyma and in perisinusoidal spaces. These cells vary in size, they are round, oval, spindle-shaped or irregular in shape, similar to vascular smooth muscle cells. The derangement of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions detected in chronic cholangiopathies is most probably the pro-fibrogenic mechanism in liver cirrhosis of fallow deer (Dama dama) infected with the giant liver fluke (Fascioloides magna). Conclusion Myofibroblasts, especially hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), play an important role in the synthesis of extracellular matrix components in the development of parasitic fibrosis and cirrhosis in the liver of fallow deer. PMID:23497565

  6. Biology of Infantile Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Itinteang, Tinte; Withers, Aaron H. J.; Davis, Paul F.; Tan, Swee T.

    2014-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH), the most common tumor of infancy, is characterized by an initial proliferation during infancy followed by spontaneous involution over the next 5–10?years, often leaving a fibro-fatty residuum. IH is traditionally considered a tumor of the microvasculature. However, recent data show the critical role of stem cells in the biology of IH with emerging evidence suggesting an embryonic developmental anomaly due to aberrant proliferation and differentiation of a hemogenic endothelium with a neural crest phenotype that possesses the capacity for endothelial, hematopoietic, mesenchymal, and neuronal differentiation. Current evidence suggests a putative placental chorionic mesenchymal core cell embolic origin of IH during the first trimester. This review outlines the emerging role of stem cells and their interplay with the cytokine niche that promotes a post-natal environment conducive for vasculogenesis involving VEGFR-2 and its ligand VEGF-A and the IGF-2 ligand in promoting cellular proliferation, and the TRAIL-OPG anti-apoptotic pathway in preventing cellular apoptosis in IH. The discovery of the role of the renin–angiotensin system in the biology of IH provides a plausible explanation for the programed biologic behavior and the ?-blocker-induced accelerated involution of this enigmatic condition. This crucially involves the vasoactive peptide, angiotensin II, that promotes cellular proliferation in IH predominantly via its action on the ATIIR2 isoform. The role of the RAS in the biology of IH is further supported by the effect of captopril, an ACE inhibitor, in inducing accelerated involution of IH. The discovery of the critical role of RAS in IH represents a novel and fascinating paradigm shift in the understanding of human development, IH, and other tumors in general. PMID:25593962

  7. Biology of infantile hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Itinteang, Tinte; Withers, Aaron H J; Davis, Paul F; Tan, Swee T

    2014-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH), the most common tumor of infancy, is characterized by an initial proliferation during infancy followed by spontaneous involution over the next 5-10?years, often leaving a fibro-fatty residuum. IH is traditionally considered a tumor of the microvasculature. However, recent data show the critical role of stem cells in the biology of IH with emerging evidence suggesting an embryonic developmental anomaly due to aberrant proliferation and differentiation of a hemogenic endothelium with a neural crest phenotype that possesses the capacity for endothelial, hematopoietic, mesenchymal, and neuronal differentiation. Current evidence suggests a putative placental chorionic mesenchymal core cell embolic origin of IH during the first trimester. This review outlines the emerging role of stem cells and their interplay with the cytokine niche that promotes a post-natal environment conducive for vasculogenesis involving VEGFR-2 and its ligand VEGF-A and the IGF-2 ligand in promoting cellular proliferation, and the TRAIL-OPG anti-apoptotic pathway in preventing cellular apoptosis in IH. The discovery of the role of the renin-angiotensin system in the biology of IH provides a plausible explanation for the programed biologic behavior and the ?-blocker-induced accelerated involution of this enigmatic condition. This crucially involves the vasoactive peptide, angiotensin II, that promotes cellular proliferation in IH predominantly via its action on the ATIIR2 isoform. The role of the RAS in the biology of IH is further supported by the effect of captopril, an ACE inhibitor, in inducing accelerated involution of IH. The discovery of the critical role of RAS in IH represents a novel and fascinating paradigm shift in the understanding of human development, IH, and other tumors in general. PMID:25593962

  8. Collagenous nodule mixed simple cyst and hemangioma coexistence in the liver

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Zhen-Jiang; Zhang, Shu; Cao, Yang; Pu, Guang-Chun; Liu, Hong

    2015-01-01

    A 20-year-old female patient presented with two masses located in the left liver. In this patient, a computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a hypodense mass and a second well-defined mass with a calcified nodule in the left hepatic lobe. No enhancements were apparent in or around the masses. A laparotomy was performed due to the patient’s symptoms, namely, the atypical CT findings and a risk of rupture of the subcapsular lesion. The operation revealed two masses in the left hepatic lobe and a left liver resection was subsequently performed. One of the masses involved segment III and the other mass was located in segment IV. The histopathologic findings supported a diagnosis of collagenous nodule mixed simple cyst and hemangioma. A diagnosis of collagenous nodule mixed simple hepatic cyst is extremely rare and radiologically mimics a teratoma, hepatolithiasis, parasitic cyst, or hemangioma. Although hepatic hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors found in the liver, the present case showed atypical radiographic features.

  9. Diffuse Hepatic Hemangiomatosis in the Adult without Extra-hepatic Involvement: An Extremely Rare Occurrence

    PubMed Central

    Batista, Alexandre; Matos, António Pedro; Neta, Jorge Oliveira e; Ramalho, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of a pathologically proven multinodular diffuse hepatic hemangiomatosis (DHH) with no extra-hepatic involvement in a 68-year-old male. Cavernous hemangioma is the most common hepatic tumor. However, DHH, which is characterized by extensive replacement of liver parenchyma with hemangiomatous lesions, has been rarely reported in adults. The etiology and clinical course are not completely understood because of its rareness, although the diagnosis might be suggested by the magnetic resonance imaging findings. PMID:25250192

  10. The Nonrandom Distribution of Facial Hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Milton Waner; Paula E. North; Katherine A. Scherer; Ilona J. Frieden; Alexandra Waner

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To map sites of occurrence of facial infan- tile hemangiomas and correlate these with pattern of tu- mor growth, clinical complications, and proximity to structural and developmental landmarks. Design: A retrospective medical record review of 205 patients diagnosed with facial infantile hemangioma. Setting:ArkansasChildren'sHospital,LittleRock,a250- bedteachinghospitalaffiliatedwiththeUniversityofAr- kansas for Medical Sciences. Patients: Based on their clinical photographs, 232 of the hemangiomas were

  11. Hemangioma of Rib: A Different Perspective

    PubMed Central

    Deshmukh, Hemant; Rathod, Kranti K.; Hira, Priya; Sankhe, Shilpa; Pandit, Nilesh; Mittal, Kartik; Dey, Amit K.

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background Hemangiomas are one of the common primary benign tumors of the intraosseous and soft tissue compartments in humans. Vertebral hemangiomas being the most common of all are seen in daily radiological practice. Hemangioma of the rib is rarely seen. Case Report We reported on a case of a rib lesion which had a classic imaging pattern of hemangioma. We highlighted the use of pre-operative embolization of such a vascular rib lesion before surgically removing the lesion by thoracotomy to reduce the risk of bleeding. Conclusions We also emphasized overt complications of overzealous needling of such a vascular lesion for histopathological diagnosis as in our case. PMID:25866595

  12. Isolated cavernous hemangioma of conjunctiva.

    PubMed

    Malik, Archana; Bhala, Soniya; Arya, Sudesh K; Narang, Subina; Punia, Rajpal P S; Sood, Sunandan

    2010-01-01

    A 70-year-old Indian female presented with a lobulated, violet-colored mass in the left eye involving the medial bulbar conjunctiva and caruncle. It was smooth, vascular, compressible, and freely mobile. It was neither reducible nor pulsatile and did not cause any proptosis or dystopia. Any syndromic associations and orbital extension of the lesion were ruled out. Excisional biopsy was performed, and histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma of conjunctiva involving the caruncle. PMID:20639785

  13. Minimally Invasive Treatment of Giant Haemangiomas of the Liver: Embolisation With Bleomycin

    SciTech Connect

    Bozkaya, Halil, E-mail: halilbozkaya@yahoo.com; Cinar, Celal, E-mail: celalcinar@hotmail.com [Ege University, Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine (Turkey); Besir, Fahri Halit, E-mail: drfhbesir@gmail.com [Duzce University, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine (Turkey); Par?ldar, Mustafa, E-mail: mparildar@yahoo.com; Oran, Ismail, E-mail: ismailoran@gmail.com [Ege University, Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine (Turkey)

    2013-04-12

    PurposeThe management of patients with giant haemangioma of the liver remains controversial. Although the usual treatment method for symptomatic giant haemangioma is surgery, the classical paradigm of operative resection remains. In this study, we evaluated the symptomatic improvement and size-reduction effect of embolisation with bleomycin mixed with lipiodol for the treatment of symptomatic giant hepatic haemangioma.MethodsThis study included 26 patients [21 female, five male; age 41–65 years (mean 49.83 ± 1.53)] with symptomatic giant haemangioma unfit for surgery and treated with selective embolisation by bleomycin mixed with lipiodol. The patients were followed-up (mean 7.4 ± 0.81 months) clinically and using imaging methods. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 16.0, and p < 0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance.ResultsEmbolisation of 32 lesions in 26 patients was performed. The mean volume of the haemangiomas was 446.28 ± 88 cm{sup 3} (range 3.39–1559 cm{sup 3}) before intervention and 244.43 ± 54.38 cm{sup 3} (range 94–967 cm{sup 3}) after intervention. No mortality or morbidity related to the treatment was identified. Symptomatic improvement was observed in all patients, and significant volume reduction was achieved (p = 0.001).ConclusionThe morbidity of surgical treatment in patients with giant liver hemangioma were similar to those obtained in patients followed-up without treatment. Therefore, follow-up without treatment is preferred in most patients. Thus, minimally invasive embolisation is an alternative and effective treatment for giant symptomatic haemangioma of the liver.

  14. Tufted hemangioma: clinical case and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Kazlouskaya, Viktoryia; Lytvynenko, Bohdan; Blochin, Elen

    2014-01-01

    Tufted hemangiomas are relatively rare benign vascular proliferations that are congenital or appear during the first years of life. Herein we present an additional case of tufted hemangioma that appeared one year after birth and discuss its histopathological criteria and differential diagnosis with malignant vascular proliferations including sarcoma Kaposi, angiosarcoma and kaposiform hemangioendothelioma. PMID:24855571

  15. Multiple cavernous hemangiomas of the lung.

    PubMed

    Chen, Qi-rui; Li, Hui; Hu, Bin; Jin, Mu-lan; Guo, Jie

    2014-11-01

    We present a rare case of multiple cavernous hemangiomas. A 19-year-old girl was seen with dyspnea and fatigue. Thoracic computed tomography showed multiple nodule shadows scattered in the lung. Lung biopsy was carried out. Postoperative histopathologic study identified the nodules as pulmonary cavernous hemangiomas. PMID:25441800

  16. Congenital hemangioma: Evidence of accelerated involution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence M. Boon; Odile Enjolras; John B. Mulliken

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To study the course of hemangiomas that proliferate in utero, are fully grown at birth, and begin to regress during early infancy. DESIGN: We analyzed retrospectively 31 infants with congenital hemangioma seen at Tarnier-Cochin Hospital (Paris) and Children's Hospital (Boston). Diagnosis was made by clinical and radiologic examination and, if necessary, by biopsy. Age, gender, location, appearance, and evolution

  17. Vertebral hemangioma presenting with intermittent claudication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Yazici; O. L. Iyigun; B. Gulman; C. Rakunt; O. Cizmeli

    1996-01-01

    The case of a patient with vertebral hemangioma and unusual clinical presentation is reported, with an attempt to explain these unusual clinical complaints. Vertebral hemangioma is a common and often asymptomatic tumor. Neurologic symptoms may appear due to pressure on the neural tissue caused by extraosseous extension. The patient reported here presented with intermittent claudication. Conventional radiography CT, and MRI

  18. A Novel Animal Model for Hemangiomas: Inhibition of Hemangioma Development by the Angiogenesis Inhibitor TNP4701

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sandra Liekens; Erik Verbeken; Michel Vandeputte; Erik De Clercq; Johan Neyts

    1999-01-01

    Hemangiomas represent the most frequent tumors of infancy. However, the pathogenesis of these tumors is still largely unknown, and current treatment of juvenile hemangiomas remains unsatisfactory. Here we pres- ent a novel animal model to study proliferating hemangiomas and to evaluate the effect of angiostatic compounds on their growth. Intraperi- toneal (i.p.) infection of 4-day-old rats with murine polyomavirus resulted

  19. Topical timolol for small hemangiomas of infancy.

    PubMed

    Moehrle, Matthias; Léauté-Labrèze, Christine; Schmidt, Verena; Röcken, Martin; Poets, Christian-F; Goelz, Rangmar

    2013-01-01

    Propranolol has become the treatment of choice of large and complicated infantile hemangiomas. There is a controversy concerning the safety of systemic propranolol. Here we show that topical use of the beta-blocker timolol can also inhibit the growth and promote regression of infantile hemangiomas. In this case series we treated 11 infantile hemangiomas in nine children including six preterm babies with the nonselective betablocker timolol. A timolol containing gel was manufactured from an ophthalmic formulation of timolol 0.5% eyedrops. This gel was applied using a standardized occlusive dressing (Finn-Chambers) containing approximately 0.25?mg of timolol. In all infants topical timolol was associated with growth arrest, a reduction in redness and thickness within the first 2?weeks. Seven hemangiomas showed almost complete resolution, and four became much paler and thinner. No data are available on the transdermal absorption of timolol. Even supposing complete absorption of timolol from the occlusive dressing, a maximum dose of 0.25?mg of timolol would result per day and hemangioma. Regression of infantile hemangiomas treated using 0.5% timolol gel in this case series occurred earlier than spontaneous regression which is generally not observed before the age of 9-12?months. The promising results need to be verified in prospective randomized trials on topical beta blocker administration for infantile hemangiomas which should address dose, duration, and mode of application. PMID:22471694

  20. Computed tomography and sonography of cavernous hemangioma of the liver

    SciTech Connect

    Itai, Y.; Ohtomo, K.; Araki, T.; Furui, S.; Iio, M.; Atomi, Y.

    1983-08-01

    Accuracy and limitations of computed tomography (CT) and sonography in the detection and diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma of the liver were analyzed in 39 cases. In 35 of 38 lesions examined by CT before and after bolus contrast enhancement, findings were dense contrast enhancement spreading in all directions on subsequent scans and/or density (other than capsule or septa) higher than normal hepatic parenchyma after 2 min. Lesions smaller than 1 cm were not detected. Misregistration in sequential scane prevented diagnosis of three of nine lesions smaller than 2 cm. Sonography revealed various patterns of mass, but in the smaller lesions, an extremely hyperechoic pattern was dominant. The contributions of CT and sonography depend on the size of the lesions.

  1. Intrahepatic, extramedullary hematopoiesis mimicking hemangioma on technetium-99m red blood cell SPECT examination.

    PubMed

    Tamm, E P; Rabushka, L S; Fishman, E K; Hruban, R H; Diehl, A M; Klein, A

    1995-01-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas are the most common lesion of the liver. Because of the risk of hemorrhage inherent in percutaneous biopsy of such lesions, noninterventional modalities (such as CT, ultrasound, MRI and Technetium-99m red blood cell imaging) have been utilized for differentiating them from other lesions. The sensitivities and specificities of these techniques vary greatly. Technetium-99m red blood cell imaging with planar and SPECT imaging has been shown to have an overall sensitivity of 89%, a specificity of 100%, and an overall accuracy of 92%. Despite its high accuracy, rare false positives have been reported with Technetium-99m red blood cell imaging with SPECT. Review of the literature indicates four cases of hepatocellular carcinoma, one case of hepatic angiosarcoma, and one case of hepatic metastases from colorectal carcinoma as having an appearance identical to hemangioma with this modality. We present an additional false positive of a focal region of intrahepatic extramedullary hematopoiesis in a patient with Gaucher's disease as having an appearance on Technetium-99m red blood cell imaging with SPECT identical to that of hemangioma. PMID:7773882

  2. Capillary hemangioma: An occasional growth of attached gingiva.

    PubMed

    Mishra, Mahavir B; Bishen, Kundendu Arya; Yadav, Ashish

    2012-10-01

    The capillary hemangiomas represent developmental hamartomatous lesions of vascular tissue and their growth stops after certain period of time, following which some of the hemangiomas may involute. Capillary hemangiomas are common tumors of infancy and adolescents. Although head and neck are the most prevalent sites for origin of hemangiomas, they are very rarely observed arising on attached gingiva. This paper presents a rare case report of capillary hemangioma on attached gingiva of posterior maxilla in an adult female. Surgical management was done by Widman's periodontal flap operation with satisfactory uneventful healing. The characteristic clinical and histo-pathologic features of vascular tumors and malformations, especially capillary hemangiomas are discussed. PMID:23493929

  3. Treatment of choroid hemangioma with argon laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Chuanzhu; Song, Man

    1993-03-01

    The treatment effects of 7 cases of choroid hemangioma are reported. Of them, 4 cases were men and 3 cases were women. Ages varied from 34 to 52 years. The mean age was 43 years. All of their eyesight was between 0.01 and 0.4. Six of the seven cases were solitary hemangioma, the other one was Sturge-Weber syndrome. After treatment photography, the color of the hemangioma body gradually got weak and the local presented pigmentation. The results of the fluorescein fundus angiography indicated that the hemangioma body reduced, then got atrophy and fibrosis. In five cases eyesight increased, and it didn't in the other two cases.

  4. Transpupillary thermotherapy for circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José Garc??a-Arum??; Laura Sararols Ramsay; Borja Corcostegui Guraya

    2000-01-01

    PurposeVarious treatments have been described for circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas. We present our results with transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) with infrared laser that indicate that the therapy is a new, effective treatment for this pathologic condition.

  5. Familial giant cell hepatitis with low bile acid concentrations and increased urinary excretion of specific bile alcohols: a new inborn error of bile acid synthesis?

    PubMed

    Clayton, P T; Casteels, M; Mieli-Vergani, G; Lawson, A M

    1995-04-01

    A 9-wk-old infant with familial giant cell hepatitis and severe intrahepatic cholestasis had low plasma concentrations of chenodeoxycholic acid and cholic acid and elevated plasma concentrations of 5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,25-tetrol, 5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24 zeta-tetrol, and 5 beta-cholest-24-ene-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha-triol. Analysis of the urine by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry and by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after treatment with Helix pomatia glucuronidase/sulfatase showed that the major cholanoids in urine were the glucuronides of 5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24S,25-pentol, 5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,25-tetrol, and 5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24 zeta-tetrol. These results are consistent with an inborn error of the 25-hydroxylase pathway for bile acid synthesis, specifically one of the enzymes responsible for conversion of 5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24S,25-pentol to cholic acid and acetone. Treatment with chenodeoxycholic acid was tried on two occasions. On the first it appeared to precipitate a rise in bilirubin, on the second the liver function tests improved and the improvement was maintained when the treatment was modified to a combination of chenodeoxycholic acid and cholic acid and finally, cholic acid alone. Despite the normalization of liver function tests, a liver biopsy at 1.25 y showed an active cirrhosis. Nonetheless, the child is thriving at the age of 3.5 y, whereas an affected sibling died at 13 mo. PMID:7596681

  6. Epitheloid Hemangioma: A Report of Two Cases

    PubMed Central

    Devi, Basanti; Jena, Swapna; Kar, Debjit; Patro, Sibasish; Behera, Binodini

    2014-01-01

    We report two cases of epitheloid hemangioma presented with multiple nodular lesions over head and neck region. One of them gave history of bleeding on minor trauma. Pyogenic granuloma was considered as a differential diagnosis from the morphological appearance and history of bleeding. Nodular leprosy, sarcoidosis, and secondary syphilis were also considered. Histopathological examination of both was typical of epitheloid hemangioma, an entity commonly overlooked clinically due to its rarity. PMID:25284864

  7. Juxtapapillary Retinal Capillary Hemangioma: New Therapeutic Strategies

    PubMed Central

    Saitta, Andrea; Nicolai, Michele; Giovannini, Alfonso; Mariotti, Cesare

    2014-01-01

    The treatment of juxtapapillary retinal capillary hemangiomas (JRCHs) is still a therapeutic dilemma without established guidelines. Because of the location of these hemangiomas on or adjacent to the optic nerve, treatment is difficult and complex, especially when JRCHs are located in the papillomacular bundle. This manuscript reviews the clinically relevant data on literature regarding the treatment of JRCHs, focusing on novel combined therapies that have shown promising results in these lesions. PMID:25741522

  8. Multiple Epithelioid Hemangiomas with Orbital Involvement

    PubMed Central

    Mili?i?, Branislava; Velnar, Tomaž; Pregelj, Rado; Limbaeck-Stokin, Clara

    2015-01-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma, also known as angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia, is a cutaneous angioproliferative lesion that follows a benign clinical course. It is most frequently localized in the skin of the head and neck region; although it may sometimes arise deeper in soft tissues, orbital involvement is rare. Here we describe a patient who developed multiple epithelioid hemangiomas, including an intraorbital lesion. The histopathological parallels with other reactive and neoplastic lesions as well as therapeutic options are discussed.

  9. Epitheloid hemangioma: a report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Devi, Basanti; Jena, Swapna; Kar, Debjit; Patro, Sibasish; Behera, Binodini

    2014-09-01

    We report two cases of epitheloid hemangioma presented with multiple nodular lesions over head and neck region. One of them gave history of bleeding on minor trauma. Pyogenic granuloma was considered as a differential diagnosis from the morphological appearance and history of bleeding. Nodular leprosy, sarcoidosis, and secondary syphilis were also considered. Histopathological examination of both was typical of epitheloid hemangioma, an entity commonly overlooked clinically due to its rarity. PMID:25284864

  10. Radiotherapy in the treatment of vertebral hemangiomas

    SciTech Connect

    Faria, S.L.; Schlupp, W.R.; Chiminazzo, H. Jr.

    1985-02-01

    Symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas are not common. Although radiotherapy has been used as treatment, the data are sparse concerning total dose, fractionation and results. The authors report nine patients with vertebral hemangioma treated with 3000-4000 rad, 200 rad/day, 5 fractions per week, followed from 6 to 62 months. Seventy-seven percent had complete or almost complete disappearance of the symptoms. Radiotherapy schedules are discussed.

  11. Spinal epidural hemangioma related to pregnancy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary S. Shapiro; Peter J. Millett; Edward F. DiCarlo; Douglas N. Mintz; Francis W Gamache; Bernard A. Rawlins

    2001-01-01

    We report the case of a 39-year-old woman with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis presenting with myelopathy secondary to a spinal\\u000a epidural hemangioma. MRI showed an epidural soft tissue mass within the spinal canal between T5 and T9 with severe spinal\\u000a cord compression. Symptoms had a temporal relationship to her pregnancy. Surgical removal of the epidural hemangioma rapidly\\u000a relieved her symptoms and

  12. Capillary hemangioma of the cervical intervertebral disc

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmet Cetinkal; Ahmet Colak; Kivanc Topuz; Cem Atabey; Ufuk Berber

    2011-01-01

    An anterior cervical decompression and fusion operation was complicated by extensive bleeding from the disc space. Histopathological\\u000a evaluation of the resected specimen revealed the diagnosis as the very first reported case of capillary hemangioma in intervertebral\\u000a disc space. Retrospective review of the preoperative MRI demonstrated supporting findings of a capillary hemangioma within\\u000a the cervical intervertebral disc.

  13. Intramuscular cavernous hemangioma: A rare entity in the buccinator muscle.

    PubMed

    Doddanna, Sunitha Jagalur; Dawar, Geetanshu; Rallan, Neelakshi Singh; Agarwal, Mansi

    2014-01-01

    Intramuscular hemangiomas are rare benign neoplasms accounting for <1% of all hemangiomas and <20% are found in head and neck area. The muscle most frequently involved is the masseter muscle and very few cases have been reported for the occurrence of these hemangiomas in the buccinator muscle. Here, we are presenting a case report of intramuscular hemangioma occurring in the buccinator muscle in a 22-year-old girl. PMID:25728120

  14. [Epithelioid hemangioma of the foot].

    PubMed

    Svajdler, M; Bohus, P; Baumöhlová, H; Sokol, L; Bielek, J

    2006-04-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma (angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia, EH/ALHE) is a rare benign angioproliferative lesion which typically occurs in the region of the head and neck. In the literature, occurence on the extremity is only rarely described. A case of multiple occurence of EH/ALHE in the skin of the toes and metatarsal bone with osteolysis is reported. Occurence on the extremity, superficial and deep affection and some "atypical" microscopic features may cause diagnostic dilemma. The key diagnostic features of EH/ALHE are vascular channels lined with epithelioid endothelial cells, surrounding layer of myopericytes, absence of atypia and mitotic activity and characteristic inflammation. Immunohistochemistry may be helpful in settling the diagnosis. PMID:16715634

  15. Atlas of hepatic tumors and focal lesions: Arteriographic and tomographic diagnosis

    SciTech Connect

    Gutierrez, O.; Schwartz, S.I.

    1984-01-01

    This book describes the diagnosis of liver tumors. Topics considered include general considerations, hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatoblastoma, cholangiocarcinoma, mesenchyomoma, sarcoma, hemangioma, hepatic cell adenoma, focal nodular hyperlasia (FNH), hamartoma, echinococcus cyst, abscess, AV fistula, hepatic artery aneurysm, metastatic carcinoma-colon, metastatic cholangiocarcinoma, metastatic melanoma, metastatic merkel cell and extrahepatic tumor.

  16. Evaluation and Management of Periocular Capillary Hemangioma: A Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saeed A. Al-Motowa; Imtiaz A. Chaudhry

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: To r eview the salient features of periocular capillary hemangioma, provide the ophthalmologist with clinical, diagnostic and histological features characteristic of the tumor and discuss various methods of manage- ment. Methods: Literature review of periocular capillary hemangioma, diagnostic evaluation with emphasis on treat- ment through the presentation of illustrative clinical cases. Results: Capillary hemangioma is the most common benign

  17. Clonality and altered behavior of endothelial cells from hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eileen Boye; Ying Yu; Gretchen Paranya; John B. Mulliken; Bjorn R. Olsen; Joyce Bischoff

    2001-01-01

    Hemangioma, the most common tumor of infancy, is a benign vascular neoplasm of unknown eti- ology. We show, for the first time to our knowledge, that endothelial cells from proliferating heman- gioma are clonal, and we demonstrate that these hemangioma-derived cells differ from normal endothelial cells in their rates of proliferation and migration in vitro. Furthermore, migration of hemangioma endothelial

  18. Rapidly Involuting Congenital Hemangioma: Clinical and Histopathologic Features

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Beatriz Berenguer; John B. Mulliken; Odile Enjolras; Lawrence M. Boon; Michel Wassef; Patrice Josset; Patricia E. Burrows; Antonio R. Perez-Atayde; Harry P. W. Kozakewich

    2003-01-01

    We define the histopathologic findings and review the clinical and radiologic characteristics of rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH). The features of RICH are compared to the equally uncommon noninvoluting congenital hemangioma (NICH) and common infantile hemangioma. RICH and NICH had many similarities, such as appearance, location, size, and sex distribution. The obvious differences in behavior served to differentiate RICH, NICH,

  19. Ulcerated hemangiomas: Clinical characteristics and response to therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ho Jin Kim; Mary Colombo; Ilona J. Frieden

    2001-01-01

    Background: Hemangiomas represent the most common benign tumor of infancy, with ulceration its most frequent complication. Objective: Our purpose was to review our experience with this challenging problem by evaluating the clinical features, management, and therapeutic responses of ulcerated hemangiomas. Methods: A retrospective analysis of ulcerated hemangiomas at the University of California, San Francisco outpatient pediatric dermatology clinics and Oakland

  20. Children with Rare Chronic Skin Diseases: Hemangiomas and Epidermolysis Bullosa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Sheila Dove; Miller, Cynthia Dieterich

    The paper reports on studies involving children having the rare chronic skin diseases of hemangiomas and epidermolysis bullosa (characterized by easy blistering). One study compared the self-concept and psychosocial development of young (mean age 46 months) children (N=19) with hemangiomas with 19 children without hemangiomas. Findings indicated…

  1. Presumptive Intramuscular Hemangioma of the Masseter Muscle

    PubMed Central

    Alami, Badreeddine; Lamrani, Youssef; Addou, Omar; Boubbou, Meryem; Kamaoui, Imane; Maaroufi, Mustapha; Sqalli, Nadia; Tizniti, Siham

    2015-01-01

    Patient: Male, 34 Final Diagnosis: Intramuscular hemangioma of the masseter muscle Symptoms: Swelling over parotid region Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Clinical-Radiological work-up Specialty: Radiology Objective: Rare disease Background: Hemangioma is a benign vascular proliferation. Intramuscular hemangiomas are rare, accounting for less than 1% of all hemangiomas, and occur normally in the trunk and extremities. Approximately 10–20% of intramuscular hemangiomas are found in the head and neck region, most often in the masseter muscles. The typical clinical characteristic is a painful soft tissue mass without cutaneous changes. Currently, MRI is the standard imaging technique for diagnosing soft-tissue hemangioma. The optimal management is the surgical resection. Case Report: We report a case of 34-year-old male patient consulted for a swelling of 1 year evolution, around the parotid region. On physical examination, a soft, well-contoured lesion of about 2 cm on its long axis was found. MRI showed a space-occupying lesion in the left masseter muscle, with intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted images and hyperignal intensity on T2-weighted images, containing nodular hypointense foci corresponding to calcification. The presumptive diagnosis of an intramasseteric hemangioma with phlebolith was made based on these findings. The patient was informed about her condition, and treatment options were discussed; however, the patient elected to forgo treatment at that time. Conclusions: The possibility of an IMH should be included in the differential diagnosis of any intra-masseteric lesion. The appropriate radiologic examinations especially MRI can enhance accurate preoperative diagnosis; the treatment of choice should be individualized in view of the clinical status of the patient. PMID:25590509

  2. Increased risk of symptomatic hemangiomas of the airway in association with cutaneous hemangiomas in a “beard” distribution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seth J. Orlow; Michael S. Isakoff; Francine Blei

    1997-01-01

    We evaluated the frequency of an association of cutaneous cervicofacial hemangiomas in a “beard” distribution (including the preauricular areas, chin, anterior neck, and lower lip) with symptomatic hemangiomas of the upper airway or subglottic areas. Of 529 patients seen, 187 were pediatric patients with hemangiomas of the head and neck. Sixteen of the 187 patients (8.5%) had cutaneous lesions with

  3. Hemangioma

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Schwannoma Risk Factors Brain Tumor Facts Brain Tumor Dictionary Webinars Anytime Learning About Us Letter from the ... Factors Brain Tumor Statistics ABTA Publications Brain Tumor Dictionary Upcoming Webinars Anytime Learning Adolescent & Pediatric Brain Tumors ...

  4. Malignant transformation of infantile hemangioma to angiosarcoma: response to chemotherapy with bevacizumab.

    PubMed

    Jeng, Michael R; Fuh, Beng; Blatt, Julie; Gupta, Anita; Merrow, Arnold C; Hammill, Adrienne; Adams, Denise

    2014-11-01

    We describe a child initially diagnosed with multi-focal infantile hemangioma (cutaneous, hepatic, pulmonary), a benign vascular lesion, which underwent malignant transformation to angiosarcoma. The use of anti-angiogenic agents, such as bevacizumab, an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody, has been reported in adults with angiosarcoma. Treatment with chemotherapy (gemcitabine and docetaxel) and bevacizumab resulted in disease response with progression free survival of 12 months. This report describes the response to chemotherapy and bevacizumab in a child with angiosarcoma and highlights the potential for malignant transformation of benign vascular lesions and the need for careful monitoring. PMID:24740626

  5. ?6-integrin is required for the adhesion and vasculogenic potential of hemangioma stem cells

    PubMed Central

    Smadja, David M.; Guerin, Coralie L.; Boscolo, Elisa; Bieche, Ivan; Mulliken, John B.; Bischoff, Joyce

    2013-01-01

    Background Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common tumor of infancy. Hemangioma stem cells (HemSC) are a mesenchymal subpopulation isolated from IH CD133+ cells. HemSC can differentiate into endothelial and pericyte/smooth muscle cells and form vascular networks when injected in immune-deficient mice. ?6-Integrin subunit has been implicated in the tumorgenicity of glioblastoma stem cells and the homing properties of hematopoietic, endothelial and mesenchymal progenitor cells. Therefore, we investigated the possible function(s) of ?6-integrin in HemSC. Methods/Results We documented ?6-integrin expression in IH tumor specimens and HemSC by RT-qPCR and flow cytometry. We examined the effect of blocking or silencing ?6-integrin on the adhesive and proliferative properties of HemSCin vitro and the vasculogenic and homing properties of HemSCin vivo. Targeting ?6-integrin in cultured HemSC inhibited adhesion to laminin but had no effect on proliferation. Vessel-forming ability in Matrigel implants and hepatic homing after intravenous delivery were significantly decreased in ?6-integrin siRNA transfected HemSC. Conclusion ?6-Integrin is required for HemSC adherence to laminin, vessel formation in vivo and for homing to the liver. Thus, we uncovered an important role for ?6 integrin in the vasculogenic properties of HemSC. Our results suggest that ?6-integrin expression on HemSC could be a new target for anti-hemangioma therapy. PMID:24022922

  6. Mucosal cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus.

    PubMed

    Dutta, Mainak; Kundu, Sohag; Barik, Sabyasachi; Banerjee, Shoham; Mukhopadhyay, Subrata

    2015-02-01

    Mucosal cavernous hemangiomas of maxillary sinus and the lateral nasal wall are seldom encountered and difficult to diagnose with misleading radiologic features like bone erosion and heterogeneity due to patchy contrast uptake. The overall picture mimicking sinonasal malignancy, it is unclear whether there is true breach in the bone or remodeling due to the lesion's chronicity. Interestingly, it often does not bleed as expected during surgery, questioning the use of therapeutic embolization and pre-intervention vascular shrinkage. The clinical presentation and management protocol of sinonasal cavernous hemangiomas seem greatly individualized. We here present a patient with cavernous hemangioma of maxillary sinus and discuss the distinguishing clinical, histologic and imaging characteristics and subsequent management options, and attempt to establish the findings as the basis of considering it as an important differential diagnosis of radiologically heterogeneous sinonasal mass with suspected bone erosions presenting with nasal obstruction and epistaxis, mostly in young women. PMID:25644804

  7. Current workup and therapy of infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Blei, Francine; Guarini, Ascanio

    2014-01-01

    Many practitioners assume every vascular lesion is a hemangioma; then tell parents not to worry, because hemangiomas "go away" after they grow. In fact, over the past three decades, advances in the stratification of vascular lesions, identification of clinical associations and syndromic vascular anomalies, and the discovery of germline and somatic mutations accompanying certain vascular anomalies have broadened our understanding. Concomitantly, the evaluation and management of vascular anomalies have become more sophisticated, and a laissez-faire approach is often inadequate. This paper focuses on hemangiomas of infancy and is divided into two sections, Evaluation and Management, both sections including updated references to clinical and basic research and reviews supporting the discussion. PMID:25017457

  8. Consumptive hypothyroidism associated with parotid infantile hemangioma.

    PubMed

    De Corti, Federica; Crivellaro, Carlo; Zanon, Giovanni Franco; Luzzatto, Claudia

    2015-03-01

    Consumptive hypothyroidism is a rare condition usually described in association with diffuse infantile hemangioma of the liver, over-expressing type 3 iodothyronine-deiodinase. We report a case of acquired hypothyroidism associated with a parotid hemangioma in a male child, who was initially evaluated at 48 days of age due to persistent jaundice. Replacement hormonal therapy was promptly started, but resolution of the clinical and laboratory findings of hypothyroidism was only achieved at 3 months of age, when propranolol treatment was added to the therapeutic regimen. Our review of the literature retrieved only one case of proven consumptive hypothyroidism associated with a parotid infantile hemangioma, making a real incidence an underestimate: we believe one should consider this association a real possibility. PMID:25153570

  9. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of liver hemangiomas

    SciTech Connect

    Sigal, R.; Lanir, A.; Atlan, H.; Naschitz, J.E.; Simon, J.S.; Enat, R.; Front, D.; Israel, O.; Chisin, R.; Krausz, Y.

    1985-10-01

    Nine patients with cavernous hemangioma of the liver were examined by nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a 0.5 T superconductive magnet. Spin-echo technique was used with varying time to echo (TE) and repetition times (TR). Results were compared with /sup 99m/Tc red blood cell (RBC) scintigraphy, computed tomography (CT), echography, and arteriography. Four illustrated cases are reported. It was possible to establish a pattern for MRI characteristics of cavernous hemangiomas; rounded or smooth lobulated shape, marked increase in T1 and T2 values as compared with normal liver values. It is concluded that, although more experience is necessary to compare the specificity with that of ultrasound and CT, MRI proved to be very sensitive for the diagnosis of liver hemangioma, especially in the case of small ones which may be missed by /sup 99m/Tc-labeled RBC scintigraphy.

  10. Lobular capillary hemangioma of the trachea.

    PubMed

    Xu, Qingqing; Yin, Xindao; Sutedjo, Janesya; Sun, Jun; Jiang, Liang; Lu, Lingquan

    2015-02-01

    As a polypoid form of capillary hemangioma, lobular capillary hemangioma (LCH) most commonly occurs on the cutaneous and mucosal surfaces and is frequently benign in children. Tracheal LCH is a rare benign tumor in adults, with hemoptysis being one of the most serious forms of presentation. A definite diagnosis of LCH depends on its histopathology. In clinical practice, however, radiological characteristics are an important component for making a suggestive diagnosis. We present a case of tracheal LCH and describe its features on computed tomography, pathology, and differential diagnosis. A review of the relevant literature is also provided. PMID:25644803

  11. Benign vertebral hemangioma: MR-histological correlation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vincent Baudrez; Christine Galant; Bruno C. Vande Berg

    2001-01-01

    .?\\u000a Objective:   To explain the magnetic resonance (MR) appearance of benign vertebral hemangioma by correlating MR and histological findings\\u000a from autopsy specimens. \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design:   Sagittal T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo images were obtained in 83 spine specimens. Focal lesions consistent with vertebral\\u000a hemangioma at macroscopic examination of sagittal anatomical sections were sampled for histological and quantitative analysis.\\u000a At histology, the proportion of

  12. Beta-blockers for hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Gelmetti, C; Cavalli, R

    2014-12-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common tumors in infancy. Their typical natural history is characterized by an early rapid growth in the first months of life and by a slow spontaneous involution in the first years of life. Even though spontaneous regression of IHs could suggest therapeutic abstention, systemic treatment is the therapy of choice in many patients in which these situations occur: 1) rapid growth of IHs; 2) location of IHs in aesthetically critic areas; 3) recurrent hemorrhages, ulcerations or infections of IHs; 3) IHs interfering with important physiological functions (breathing, feeding, vision, hearing, etc.); 4) large or multicentric IHs that can cause heart failure. Since 2008, systemic administration of propranolol, an old non?selective ??blocker, was found, serendipitously, to improve the treatment of IHs replacing older and more dangerous therapies like oral steroids, vincristine, interferon?alpha or vascular lasers. At present, oral propranolol has dramatically changed the approach of IHs because its efficacy is almost 100% and its action is rapid, without important side effects. The formal approval by FDA and EMA has been obtained in Spring 2014. PMID:25366892

  13. Lumbar Extradural Hemangiomas: Report of Three Cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antoni Rovira; Alex Rovira; Jaume Capellades; Martin Zauner; Rosa Bell; Mariana Rovira

    Summary: The CT, MR, and histologic findings of three patients with surgically proved lumbar extradural cavern- ous and arteriovenous hemangiomas are reported. All three patients suffered from radicular and low back pain that disappeared completely or nearly so after total surgical ex- cision. In each case, neuroimaging studies showed a well- defined ventrally located extradural mass with no bone in-

  14. Hepatitis C

    MedlinePLUS

    Hepatitis C is a viral disease that leads to swelling (inflammation) of the liver. Other types of viral hepatitis ... Hepatitis C infection is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). You can catch hepatitis C if the blood ...

  15. Infantile Hemangioma in a V2 Distribution: Treatment with Nadolol

    PubMed Central

    Giberson, Mariah; Hayes, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are common benign tumours of infancy affecting up to 10% of children. They are typically not present at birth but undergo a rapid proliferation stage and then plateau in growth before resolving spontaneously. Recently, beta-blockers have been favoured over systemic corticosteroids for treatment of disfiguring or life-threatening infantile hemangiomas. We present a case of an 11-week-old female with a 7 week history of an evolving hemangioma along a facial V2 distribution. Physical exam revealed a well-defined bright red plaque over the right zygoma and lower eyelid. MRI, echocardiograph, and liver ultrasound were normal. Patient was treated with nadolol and had a rapid and substantial regression of the hemangioma. Nadolol is an effective treatment option for disfiguring facial infantile hemangioma. The use of beta-blockers as treatment offers clues into the pathogenesis of infantile hemangioma, which is not yet completely understood

  16. Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH): a brief case report.

    PubMed

    Scalise, Robert; Bolton, Joanna; Gibbs, Neil F

    2014-11-01

    Congenital hemangiomas (CH) are benign vascular neoplasms that proliferate in utero and have completed development by birth. Two subtypes of CH are recognized: rapidly involuting congenital hemangiomas (RICH) and non-involuting congenital hemangiomas (NICH). Involution of the RICH subtype often begins in the first weeks of life. NICH does not involute, allowing the distinction between RICH and NICH. We report a case of an infant with RICH occurring on the scalp, examined at birth and followed for 26 weeks. PMID:25419759

  17. Scintigraphic Evaluation of Liver Masses: Cavernous Hepatic Hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abass Alavi; Raymond A. Rubin; Gary R. Lichtenstein

    tive, consistent with the diagnoses of pernicious anemia and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy demonstrated achlo rhydria and several hyperplastic gastric polyps. Biopsy of thickened folds within the gastric fundus revealed a mod erately dense infiltrate of small, slightly irregular mature lymphocytes involvingthemucosa andextending through the muscularis. Although immunohistochemistry and gene rearrangement studies were not diagnostic, these findings raised the concern for

  18. Hepatic Hemangioma Presenting Atypical Radiologic Findings: A Case Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ayu Hosokawa; Tetsuo Maeda; Ukihide Tateishi; Mitsuo Satake; Ryoko Iwata; Hidenori Ojima; Yasuaki Arai

    2005-01-01

    A 69-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to a liver tumor that was incidentally noted on ultrasound (US). US revealed a pedunculated mass of 5 cm in diameter, with a hetero- geneous echo pattern. On arterial phase dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), a tiny enhancing dot in the upper aspect of the mass was seen; whereas, the main

  19. Capillary Hemangioma in Maxillary Anterior Region: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Bhat, Manohar; Maganur, Prabhadevi C; Shah, Parth; Biradar, Vijay

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Hemangiomas are relatively common benign proliferative lesion of vascular tissue origin. They are often present at birth and may become more apparent throughout life. They are seen on facial skin, tongue, lips, buccal mucosa and palate as well as muscles. Hemangiomas occur more common in females than males. This case report presents a case of capillary hemangioma in maxillary anterior region in a 10-year-old boy. How to cite this article: Satish V, Bhat M, Maganur PC, Shah P, Biradar V. Capillary Hemangioma in Maxillary Anterior Region: A Case Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(2):144-147. PMID:25356016

  20. Epidural capillary hemangioma: A review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Gencpinar, Pinar; Aç?kba?, Sabri Cem; Nur, Banu Güzel; Karaali, Kamil; Arslan, Murat; Gurer, Elif Inanc; Duman, Ozgur; Haspolat, Senay

    2014-11-01

    Hemangiomas in the spinal epidural area are very rare lesions, and most of these lesions are of the cavernous type. Only seven cases of capillary hemangiomas have been reported in the English literature, and all of these cases occurred in adulthood. Here, we report on a 17-month-old girl who presented with an inability to walk. MRI revealed an epidural mass, which was diagnosed as an epidural capillary hemangioma in the thoracic region. To our best knowledge, this case is the first epidural capillary hemangioma case to occur in childhood that has been reported. PMID:25233492

  1. Sclerosing cholangitis secondary to bleomycin-iodinated embolization for liver hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Jin, Shuo; Shi, Xiao-Ju; Sun, Xiao-Dong; Wang, Si-Yuan; Wang, Guang-Yi

    2014-12-14

    Sclerosing cholangitis (SC) is a rarely reported morbidity secondary to transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with bleomycin-iodinated oil (BIO) for liver cavernous hemangioma (LCH). This report retrospectively evaluated the diagnostic and therapeutic course of a patient with LDH who presented obstructive jaundice 6 years after TACE with BIO. Preoperative imaging identified a suspected malignant biliary stricture located at the convergence of the left and right hepatic ducts. Operative exploration demonstrated a full-thickness sclerosis of the hilar bile duct with right hepatic duct stricture and right lobe atrophy. Radical hepatic hilar resection with right-side hemihepatectomy and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was performed because hilar cancer could not be excluded on frozen biopsy. Pathological results showed chronic pyogenic inflammation of the common and right hepatic ducts with SC in the portal area. Secondary SC is a long-term complication that may occur in LCH patients after TACE with BIO and must be differentiated from hilar malignancy. Hepatic duct plasty is a definitive but technically challenging treatment modality for secondary SC. PMID:25516686

  2. Proliferative hemangiomas: analysis of cytokine gene expression and angiogenesis.

    PubMed

    Chang, J; Most, D; Bresnick, S; Mehrara, B; Steinbrech, D S; Reinisch, J; Longaker, M T; Turk, A E

    1999-01-01

    Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors of childhood that can lead to disfigurement and/or life-threatening consequences. The pathogenesis of hemangioma formation is likely to involve increased angiogenesis. Basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor are cytokines that stimulate angiogenesis in multiple in vivo and in vitro models. Proliferative hemangiomas have been found to have elevated levels of basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor protein, but the gene expression of these cytokines in human specimens has not been previously studied. We examined the gene expression and spatial distribution of basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA in proliferative versus involuted human hemangioma specimens using nonisotopic in situ hybridization techniques. Thirteen hemangioma specimens were harvested during initial surgical excision. In situ hybridization was performed on frozen sections of both proliferative and involuted hemangioma specimens using genetically engineered antisense probes specific for basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA. Controls were an interleukin-6 sense sequence and a transforming growth factor-beta 1 antisense sequence. A large number of cells within the specimens of proliferative hemangiomas revealed localized gene expression of basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA (626 +/- 129 and 1660 +/- 371 cells/mm2, respectively). The majority of the cells were endothelial in origin. In contrast, involuted hemangioma specimens revealed significantly lower numbers of cells staining positive for basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA (44 +/- 11 and 431 +/- 76 cells/mm2, respectively; p < 0.05). Transforming growth factor-beta 1 messenger RNA was slightly more expressed by involuted hemangiomas (117 +/- 30 cells/mm2). There were very low levels of transforming growth factor-beta 1 gene expression from proliferative hemangiomas (37 +/- 24 cells/mm2; p < 0.02). These data demonstrate that (1) in situ hybridization allows identification and relative quantitation of cells expressing messenger RNA for specific growth factors in human hemangioma specimens; (2) basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA are up-regulated in proliferative hemangiomas; and (3) transforming growth factor-beta 1 messenger RNA remains low in both proliferative and involuted hemangiomas. Because basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA have been implicated in the pathobiology of human hemangioma formation, biochemical modulation of these angiogenic cytokines may eventually help inhibit proliferation and promote regression of hemangiomas. PMID:9915157

  3. GI-Associated Hemangiomas and Vascular Malformations

    PubMed Central

    Yoo, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the gastrointestinal tract, rare clinical entities, present as overt or occult bleeding. They can be distributed throughout the intestinal digestive system, or present as a singular cavernous hemangioma or malformation, which is often located in the rectosigmoid region. Misdiagnosis is common despite characteristic radiographic features such as radiolucent phleboliths on plain film imaging and a purplish nodule on endoscopy. Adjunctive imaging such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are suggested as there is potential for local invasion. Endorectal ultrasound with Doppler has also been found to be useful in some instances. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment, with an emphasis on sphincter preservation. Nonsurgical endoscopic treatment with banding and sclerotherapy has been reported with success, especially in instances where an extensive resection is not feasible. PMID:22942801

  4. Hemangiomas: new insight and medical treatment.

    PubMed

    Neri, Iria; Balestri, Riccardo; Patrizi, Annalisa

    2012-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common tumors of infancy and are usually characterized by a pattern of rapid proliferation, followed by a slower period of involution. In most cases, IHs do not require any treatment because they spontaneously regress over the years. However, in a minority of patients, a therapy is mandatory and should be started early to avoid functional and esthetic impairment or even severe systemic complications. Currently, no medications exist that are specifically labeled to treat his; however, because the serendipitous discovery of the efficacy of propranolol in the treatment of IHs at the Dermatologic Department of the University of Bologna, ?-blocker therapy has become the first-line therapy in severe and/or complicated hemangiomas. This is a practical review reporting our approach to IHs in our daily practice. PMID:22950559

  5. Update on the classification of hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    George, Antony; Mani, Varghese; Noufal, Ahammed

    2014-01-01

    Despite the fact that a biological classification of congenital vascular tumors and malformations was first published in 1982 by Mulliken and Glowacki, significant confusion still prevails due to the indiscriminate and interchangeable use of the terms hemangioma and vascular malformation. Hemangiomas are true neoplasms of endothelial cells and should be differentiated from vascular malformations which are localized defects of vascular morphogenesis. On an analysis of various scientific articles and latest edition of medical text books an inappropriate use of various terms for vascular lesions was found, contributing further towards the confusion. The widely accepted International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification differentiates lesions with proliferative endothelium from lesions with structural anomalies and has been very helpful in standardizing the terminologies. In addition to overcoming obstacles in communication when describing a vascular lesion, it is important that we adhere to the correct terminology, as the therapeutic guidelines, management and follow-up of these lesions differ. PMID:25364160

  6. A case of middle mediastinal cavernous hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Shikada, Yasunori; Katsura, Masakazu; Kouso, Hidenori; Shoji, Fumihiro; Ushijima, Chie; Takeo, Sadanori

    2015-02-01

    A 51-year-old female was referred to our clinic for investigation of abnormal chest X-ray findings during a routine health examination. Chest computed tomography showed a middle mediastinal tumor, and she was admitted to hospital for surgical treatment. The tumor was removed using thoracoscopic surgery, without significant blood loss. Pathological examination showed that the tumor was composed of blood vessels with relatively thick vascular walls containing smooth muscle. Immunohistochemical staining was positive for CD34 and Factor VIII, and negative for D2-40. Based on these findings, the tumor was diagnosed as a cavernous hemangioma. We herein present this very rare case of middle mediastinal cavernous hemangioma. PMID:23843111

  7. Intraosseous hemangioma arising in the clavicle.

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Takahashi, Yusuke; Haraguchi, Akihisa; Okamoto, Tatsuro; Harimaya, Katsumi; Matsunobu, Tomoya; Endo, Makoto; Oda, Yoshinao; Iwamoto, Yukihide

    2014-01-01

    Intraosseous hemangioma (IH) is commonly seen in the vertebral column and skull: however, IH occurring in the appendicular skeleton, including the clavicle, is uncommon. We herein report the case of a 69-year-old female presenting with IH of the left clavicle. The findings of preoperative imaging studies, including radiographs, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, fluorine-18-fludeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT and ultrasonography, are described. In particular, (18)F-FDG PET/CT showed an ill-defined osteolytic lesion with abnormally high FDG uptake. Surgical en bloc resection with preoperative embolization was carried out and a histopathological examination confirmed the presence of an intraosseous cavernous hemangioma in the clavicle. PMID:23990112

  8. Corticosteroid Treatment of Cutaneous Hemangiomas : How Effective?A Report on 24 Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louis E. Bartoshesky; Marilyn Bull; Murray Feingold

    1978-01-01

    Twenty-four children with cutaneous hemangiomas were treated with corticosteroids. The indications for therapy included interference with im portant bodily functions by the hemangioma, thrornbocytogenia related to the hemangioma, or serious cosmetic effects secondary to the hemangioma. Five children had no improvement, twelve had possible improvement, five had probable improvement and two had definite improvement while on cortico steroids. One child

  9. Association of Solitary, Segmental Hemangiomas of the Skin With Visceral Hemangiomatosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denise W. Metry; Aimee Hawrot; Carolyn Altman; Ilona J. Frieden

    Background: Multiple hemangiomas of the skin have traditionally been recognized as a clue to potential vis- ceral hemangiomas. Recently, hemangiomas have been recognized to have subcategories, localized and seg- mental, which correlate with risk of complications. While less common, segmental hemangiomas of the skin have a higher risk of being life- or function- threatening and\\/or having associated structural anoma- lies

  10. Mimicry of lyme arthritis by synovial hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toni Hospach; M. Langendörfer; T. V. Kalle; F. Tewald; T. Wirth; G. E. Dannecker

    To report on the differential diagnosis of lyme arthritis and synovial hemangioma due to similar clinical and radiological\\u000a signs and symptoms. A 15-year-old boy presented at the age of 9 with recurrent rather painless swelling of the right knee.\\u000a Altogether four episodes lasting for 1–2 weeks each occurred over a period of 18 months before medical advice was sought.\\u000a Physical examination revealed

  11. Symptomatic vertebral hemangioma related to pregnancy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Murvet Yuksel; K. Zafer Yuksel; Deniz Tuncel; Beyazit Zencirci; Sevgi Bakaris

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we report a case of vertebral hemangioma during pregnancy in a 21-year-old woman presenting with paraparesis\\u000a of rapid onset. An emergency MRI scan of the dorsal spine showed a lesion of the ninth thoracic vertebra with extradural extension\\u000a and marked spinal cord compression. A cesarean section was done, and this was followed by emergent laminectomy. Her symptoms

  12. Intraneural capillary hemangioma of the cauda equina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Mastronardi; A. Guiducci; D. Frondizi; S. Carletti; C. Spera; G. Maira

    1997-01-01

    A case of intraneural capillary hemangioma involving the dorsal root of a spinal nerve of the cauda equina is reported. The patient was a 41-year-old man with a 3-month history of intermittent left lumbosciatalgia. MRI and CT myelography showed a space-occupying mass at the level of the cauda equina. Laminectomy of L5 and complete removal of the lesion were performed

  13. Technetium-99m-labeled red blood cells in the evaluation of hemangiomas of the liver in infants and children

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, J.H.

    1987-09-01

    The vascular origin lesions of the liver (capillary hemangioma/infantile hemangioendothelioma) that present in infancy or early childhood often have a typical clinical picture of hepatomegaly and congestive heart failure. These lesions rarely present as asymptomatic hepatomegaly, simulating a primary hepatic malignancy. These lesions may also simulate a primary or secondary hepatic malignancy on cross-sectional imaging or angiography. Scintigraphic evaluations with technetium-99m-labeled red blood cells offers an accurate method of identification of these lesions, and allows differentiation from other common primary or secondary hepatic masses in infancy or childhood. This scintigraphic method may also be used to follow these patients after medical, radiation, or embolization therapy. Experience with seven patients with these tumors is reported and compared with eight children with other primary or secondary liver tumors also evaluated by this method.

  14. Oral propranolol for parotid infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Li, Gang; Xu, Da-Peng; Sun, Hua-Liang; Cheng, Chen; Liu, Zi-Mei; Xi, Shan-Long; Wang, Xu-Kai

    2015-03-01

    The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy and safety of oral propranolol for the treatment of parotid infantile hemangiomas. Between October 2009 and January 2013, propranolol was given orally to 30 infants with proliferating hemangiomas at a dose of 1.0 to 1.5 mg/kg per day in our department. The patients included 12 male infants and 18 female infants, aged between 2 and 13 months, with a median of 5.9 months. The lesions were located in the parotid region and measured from 1.5 cm × 2 cm × 0.5 cm to 6 cm × 8 cm × 3 cm in volume. Oral propranolol was administered once daily for a mean duration of 22.7 weeks (range, 14-32 wk). Follow-up times were from 1 to 10 months (median, 6.4 mo). Changes in the color and size of the tumor were recorded using hemisphere measurements and digital photographs. The treatment results were scored according to a 4-point scale. Overall response was graded scale 4 (excellent) in 18 patients, scale 3 (good) in 11 patients, scale 2 (moderate) in 1 patient, and scale 1 (poor) in none. No major collateral effects and rebounds were observed in any of the patients. Oral propranolol was a well-tolerated and effective treatment with mild adverse effects for parotid infantile hemangiomas. PMID:25692890

  15. [Infantile hemangiomas: the revolution of beta-blockers].

    PubMed

    Leaute-Labreze, Christine

    2014-12-01

    Infantile hemangioma is the consequence of both postnatal vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Hypoxia appears to play an important role as a contributory factor. Infantile hemangiomas have variable clinical features: superficial, deep or mixed. They can be localized or segmental involving a large skin area. Localized infantile hemangiomas are usually benign, unless they are located near a noble structure (airway orbit...), while segmental infantile hemangioma may be associated with complex underlying birth defects (PHACES and SACRAL syndromes). Clinical follow-up of infants with infantile hemangioma must be particularly careful in the first weeks of life since 80% of all infantile hemangiomas have reached their final size at age 5 months. A majority of infantile hemangiomas are mild and do not required any treatment. Main indications for treatment are: vital risk (heart failure, respiratory distress), functional risk (amblyopia, swallowing disorders...), painful ulceration and disfigurement (face involvement of nose, lips...). Propranolol, has been quickly adopted as the first line medical treatment for complicated infantile hemangioma; and it is the only treatment to have a marketing authorization in this indication. It is recommended to begin the treatment as early as possible before three months of age to minimize the risk of complications and sequelae. PMID:25665327

  16. Cavernous hemangioma. Why is peripheral filling at scintigraphy so rare

    SciTech Connect

    Drane, W.E.; Weatherby, E. III

    1987-10-01

    Peripheral filling at dynamic CT occurs frequently with cavernous hemangiomas, yet this phenomenon is a rare finding on Tc-99m RBC imaging. A case of peripheral filling of a cavernous hemangioma with scintigraphy is reported and the rationale for its infrequent occurrence is discussed.

  17. Treatment of hemangiomas of infants with high doses of prednisone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naum Sadan; Baruch Wolach

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: We reviewed our experience with the use of oral corticosteroid therapy in treating hemangiomas of infants to determine the optimal effective dose. STUDY DESIGN: During a 24-year period, 60 infants with hemangiomas were treated with an initial dose of either 3 or 5 mg\\/kg per day of orally administered prednisone for a period ranging from 6 to 12 weeks.

  18. Total spondylectomy of a symptomatic hemangioma of the lumbar spine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toshiyuki Inoue; Kei Miyamoto; Hirotaka Kodama; Hideo Hosoe; Katsuji Shimizu

    2007-01-01

    A vertebral hemangioma with dural compression and neurological deficit is rare. We report a symptomatic lumbar vertebral hemangioma which was successfully managed with total spondylectomy. The patient was a 31-year-old man whose chief complaint was low back pain. He had a slight sensory disturbance in the right thigh. Plain radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a tumor in the

  19. Retinal Capillary Hemangiomas: Clinical Manifestations and Visual Prognosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ming-Tse Kuo; Hsi-Kung Kou; Min-Lun Kao; Ming-Hsiung Tsai; Yung-Jen Chen; Sue-Ann Lin

    Background: To describe the clinical features, visual outcomes, and therapeutic complica- tions of patients with retinal capillary hemangiomas. Methods: A retrospective, non-comparative, observational case study of patients diag- nosed with retinal capillary hemangiomas was conducted. Twelve patients (13 eyes) at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital of Kaohsiung from July 1987 to June 2001 were reviewed. Pre- and post-treatment visual acuity and

  20. Acute spinal cord compression caused by vertebral hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cary R. Templin; Jeffrey B. Stambough; Jeffery L. Stambough

    2004-01-01

    Background contextThe reported incidence of vertebral hemangioma within the spinal column is common. Most often these benign vascular tumors are incidental radiographic findings and do not cause neurological sequelae. Rarely, vertebral hemangiomas will cause compressive neurological symptoms, such as radiculopathy, myelopathy and paralysis. In these cases the clinical presentation is usually the subacute or delayed onset of progressive neurological symptoms.

  1. Congenital intraosseous cavernous hemangioma of the skull: an unusual case.

    PubMed

    Rumana, Makhdoomi; Khursheed, Nayil; Farhat, Mustafa; Othman, Salim; Masood, Laharwal

    2013-01-01

    Intraosseous hemangiomas are benign vascular malformations mostly seen in the spine. They rarely occur in the skull. The usual age-group involved is the 2nd to 4th decades, and females outnumber males. We hereby report a rare case of congenital intraosseous cavernous hemangioma of the skull bone in a male infant. The patient underwent total excision of the lesion. PMID:25060919

  2. Hepatitis C

    MedlinePLUS

    ... may include: Fatigue Nausea Vomiting Loss of appetite Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and the whites of ... vaccine for hepatitis C. (There are vaccines for hepatitis A and hepatitis B.) If you have hepatitis C, ...

  3. Quantitative evaluation of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of focal hepatic lesions

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Xi-Jie; Quan, Xian-Yue; Huang, Fan-Heng; Xu, Yi-Kai

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To explore the quantitative analysis of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWMRI) in differential diagnosis of focal hepatic lesions. METHODS: DWMRI was performed in 149 hepatic lesions, including hepatocellular carcinoma (34 cases), hepatic metastases (37 cases), cavernous hemangioma (42 cases), hepatic cyst (36 cases). Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were evaluated using four different b values in different sequences. The ratio of ADC values of lesion/liver in hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatic metastases was also calculated. RESULTS: The mean ADC values of hepatic lesions were as follows: hepatocellular carcinoma (0.95?±?0.11)×10-3 mm2/s, hepatic metastasis (1.13?±?0.21)×10-3 mm2/s, cavernous hemangioma (1.86?±?0.36)×10-3 mm2/s, hepatic cyst (3.14?±?0.31)×10-3 mm2/s. The ratio of ADC values in lesion/liver in hepatocellular carcinoma was 0.91±?0.11, being significantly different from that in hepatic metastasis (1.21?±?0.18, P?hepatic lesions are of significant values in differential diagnosis of focal hepatic lesions. PMID:16425430

  4. Diagnostic and Surgical Aspects of Central Hemangioma of Mandible: A Surgical Approach for the Reconstruction of Mandible

    PubMed Central

    Chetan, B I; Sharmila; Shruthi, D K; Karthik, B

    2015-01-01

    Intraosseous vascular lesions are rare lesions, accounting for 0.5-1% of all intraosseous tumors. They were found to be affecting the second decade of life, more frequent in women. The frequency found affecting the vertebral column and skull; the mandible is a quite rare location. At present, according to the World Health Organization, these lesions are now considered as benign vasoformative neoplasms of endothelial origin. However, the origin of the central hemangioma is debatable. Some authors state it as a true neoplasm, few state it is a hamartoma. On examination, the patient may or may not show any symptoms, some present discomfort, blood discharge, bluish discoloration, mobility of the teeth. The radiographic finding is a multilocular radiolucenies with classic honeycombs or soap bubble appearance. Differential diagnosis includes odontogenic lesions like ameloblastoma, cystic lesions such as residual cyst, central giant cell tumor, fibrous dysplasia. The wide surgical excision along with the reconstruction is choice of treatment of hemangioma. We present a case report of a 24-year-old female diagnosed with intraosseous mandibular hemangioma and surgical reconstruction of mandible with rib graft. PMID:25709370

  5. Treatment of alarming head and neck infantile hemangiomas with interferon-?2a: a clinical study in eleven consecutive patients

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Ling; Zheng, Jia Wei; Yuan, Wei En

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of interferon-?2a in the treatment of alarming infantile hemangiomas in the head and neck region. Patients and methods From January 2009–December 2010, a subcutaneous injection of interferon-?2a was applied to eleven infants with giant multifocal or segmental hemangiomas at a dose of 3 million units/m2 per day. All patients did not respond to propranolol or corticosteroids. The age at initiation of interferon-?2a therapy ranged from 3 days to 8 months (median: 4 months). The duration of therapy ranged from 2–4.5 months (median: 3 months). Eight patients received medication for 3 months, one patient for 4.5 months, and two patients for 2 months. Results Nine patients had a reduction in tumor mass of 95%; two patients’ tumors decreased in size by 75%. The overall response rate was 100%. The main adverse effects included fever, diarrhea, and anorexia, which resolved after stopping the medication. No serious adverse effect was observed. Conclusion Short-term treatment with interferon-?2a can be used as a safe and effective treatment for alarming infantile hemangiomas that are resistant to propranolol or corticosteroids, and that endanger the proper functioning of the affected organ or the patient’s life. PMID:25678777

  6. Diagnostic and surgical aspects of central hemangioma of mandible: a surgical approach for the reconstruction of mandible.

    PubMed

    Chetan, B I; Sharmila; Shruthi, D K; Karthik, B

    2015-01-01

    Intraosseous vascular lesions are rare lesions, accounting for 0.5-1% of all intraosseous tumors. They were found to be affecting the second decade of life, more frequent in women. The frequency found affecting the vertebral column and skull; the mandible is a quite rare location. At present, according to the World Health Organization, these lesions are now considered as benign vasoformative neoplasms of endothelial origin. However, the origin of the central hemangioma is debatable. Some authors state it as a true neoplasm, few state it is a hamartoma. On examination, the patient may or may not show any symptoms, some present discomfort, blood discharge, bluish discoloration, mobility of the teeth. The radiographic finding is a multilocular radiolucenies with classic honeycombs or soap bubble appearance. Differential diagnosis includes odontogenic lesions like ameloblastoma, cystic lesions such as residual cyst, central giant cell tumor, fibrous dysplasia. The wide surgical excision along with the reconstruction is choice of treatment of hemangioma. We present a case report of a 24-year-old female diagnosed with intraosseous mandibular hemangioma and surgical reconstruction of mandible with rib graft. PMID:25709370

  7. Hepatic vascular anomalies in infancy: A twenty-seven-year experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence M. Boon; Patricia E. Burrows; Harriet J. Paltiel; Dennis P. Lund; R. Alan B. Ezekowitz; Judah Folkman; John B. Mulliken

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Infantile hemangioma and arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the liver have a similar presentation but a different natural history, and therefore require different treatment. This study was undertaken to clarify differential diagnosis and management of these two biologically distinct vascular disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 43 children with hepatic vascular anomalies treated during the past 27

  8. ?6-Integrin is required for the adhesion and vasculogenic potential of hemangioma stem cells.

    PubMed

    Smadja, David M; Guerin, Coralie L; Boscolo, Elisa; Bieche, Ivan; Mulliken, John B; Bischoff, Joyce

    2014-03-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common tumor of infancy. Hemangioma stem cells (HemSC) are a mesenchymal subpopulation isolated from IH CD133+ cells. HemSC can differentiate into endothelial and pericyte/smooth muscle cells and form vascular networks when injected in immune-deficient mice. ?6-Integrin subunit has been implicated in the tumorgenicity of glioblastoma stem cells and the homing properties of hematopoietic, endothelial, and mesenchymal progenitor cells. Therefore, we investigated the possible function(s) of ?6-integrin in HemSC. We documented ?6-integrin expression in IH tumor specimens and HemSC by RT-qPCR and flow cytometry. We examined the effect of blocking or silencing ?6-integrin on the adhesive and proliferative properties of HemSC in vitro and the vasculogenic and homing properties of HemSC in vivo. Targeting ?6-integrin in cultured HemSC inhibited adhesion to laminin but had no effect on proliferation. Vessel-forming ability in Matrigel implants and hepatic homing after i.v. delivery were significantly decreased in ?6-integrin siRNA-transfected HemSC. In conclusion, ?6-integrin is required for HemSC adherence to laminin, vessel formation in vivo, and for homing to the liver. Thus, we uncovered an important role for ?6 integrin in the vasculogenic properties of HemSC. Our results suggest that ?6-integrin expression on HemSC could be a new target for antihemangioma therapy. PMID:24022922

  9. Cavernous hemangioma of the parotid gland in adults.

    PubMed

    Lara-Sánchez, Hugo; Peral-Cagigal, Beatriz; Madrigal-Rubiales, Beatriz; Verrier-Hernández, Alberto

    2014-12-01

    Hemangiomas account for 0.4-0.6% of all tumors of the parotid gland and most of them occur in children, nevertheless in adults hemangiomas are very rare. We report the case of a 62 year old woman with a mass in the parotid right tail associated with fluctuating swelling episodes unrelated to meals and with a slowly progressive growth. The provisional diagnosis was a pleomorphic adenoma, so a right superficial parotidectomy was performed. During surgery, the macroscopic appearance makes suspect a vascular lesion. The histopathological result was a cavernous hemangioma. The classic clinical presentation of a parotid hemangioma is an intraglandular mass associated or not with skin lesions characterized by reddish macules and/or papules, and a vibration or pulsation when palpating the parotid region. In imaging tests, phleboliths could be observed which are very suggestive of a hemangioma or a vascular malformation. In the absence of these signs, the diagnosis could be difficult, particularly in an adult due to its low prevalence, with about 50 cases reported worldwide. However a hemangioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of parotid tumors in adults. Key words:Cavernous hemangioma, parotid gland, superficial parotidectomy, pleomorphic adenoma. PMID:25674332

  10. Cavernous hemangioma of the parotid gland in adults

    PubMed Central

    Peral-Cagigal, Beatriz; Madrigal-Rubiales, Beatriz; Verrier-Hernández, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    Hemangiomas account for 0.4-0.6% of all tumors of the parotid gland and most of them occur in children, nevertheless in adults hemangiomas are very rare. We report the case of a 62 year old woman with a mass in the parotid right tail associated with fluctuating swelling episodes unrelated to meals and with a slowly progressive growth. The provisional diagnosis was a pleomorphic adenoma, so a right superficial parotidectomy was performed. During surgery, the macroscopic appearance makes suspect a vascular lesion. The histopathological result was a cavernous hemangioma. The classic clinical presentation of a parotid hemangioma is an intraglandular mass associated or not with skin lesions characterized by reddish macules and/or papules, and a vibration or pulsation when palpating the parotid region. In imaging tests, phleboliths could be observed which are very suggestive of a hemangioma or a vascular malformation. In the absence of these signs, the diagnosis could be difficult, particularly in an adult due to its low prevalence, with about 50 cases reported worldwide. However a hemangioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of parotid tumors in adults. Key words:Cavernous hemangioma, parotid gland, superficial parotidectomy, pleomorphic adenoma. PMID:25674332

  11. Pathology Case Study: Hemangioma and Severe Thrombocytopenia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bontempo, Franklin

    This is a transfusion pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 3-week-old female has hemangioma and severe thrombocytopenia. Visitors are given laboratory values and images, and are granted the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transfusion pathology medicine.

  12. [A rare tumor of the mediastinum: benign hemangioma].

    PubMed

    Zalcman, G; Jancovici, R; Paraf, F; Vilain, C; Gontier, C

    1990-01-01

    Mediastinal hemangiomas are rare tumours occurring more often in children and young adults. A new case is reported in a 21 years old male who had an anterior mediastinal mass detected on a routine chest roentgenogram. Pre-operative investigations including CT, venous digital angiography, MRI did not aid in the right diagnosis. The mass was totally removed surgically although involving extensively adjacent structures. Histologic examination of the tumour showed it to be a benign venous hemangioma. Clinical, radiological, pathologic features of mediastinal hemangiomas are reviewed and discussed. PMID:2196660

  13. RESOLUTION OF CONJUNCTIVAL SESSILE HEMANGIOMA WITH TOPICAL TIMOLOL

    PubMed Central

    Lubahn, Jordon G.; Lee, Richard K.; Karp, Carol L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To report a single case of acquired sessile hemangioma of the conjunctiva which resolved after treatment with topical timolol. Methods Case report and literature review. Results A 77-year old African-American woman developed an acquired sessile hemangioma of the conjunctiva of the right eye. She was followed for primary open-angle glaucoma, and the lesion was monitored for 12 months without change. Topical timolol-dorzolamide was then added to her glaucoma medication regimen twice daily. On follow-up examination 6 months later, the lesion had completely resolved. Conclusion In this case report, an acquired sessile hemangioma of the conjunctiva resolved with topical timolol therapy. PMID:24270678

  14. Hepatitis B

    MedlinePLUS

    ... sheet on hepatitis A, B, and C. Hepatitis Risk Assessment 5-minute assessment developed by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that gives you a personalized report of your hepatitis risk NATAP: Hepatitis Recogizing that coinfection with viral hepatitis ...

  15. Adult pancreatic hemangioma: A case report

    PubMed Central

    NAITO, YOSHIKI; NISHIDA, NAOYO; NAKAMURA, YASUHIRO; TORII, YOSHIKUNI; YOSHIKAI, HIROSHI; KAWANO, HIROSHI; AKIYAMA, TETSUJI; SAKAI, TERUFUMI; TANIWAKI, SATORU; TANAKA, MASAYA; KURODA, HISASHI; HIGAKI, KOICHI

    2014-01-01

    Vascular neoplasms of the pancreas are extremely rare and usually manifest as symptomatic, cystic lesions. This study presents a case that includes the clinicopathologic information used to discriminate pancreatic hemangioma from other types of cystic lesion of the pancreas. A 40-year-old female visited hospital with a chief complaint of abdominal pain. The serum CEA and CA19-9 levels of the patient were within the normal limits. An abdominal computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed a 100-mm mass lesion in the body and tail of the pancreas, and the tumor extended toward the retroperitoneum and surrounded the splenic vein. The lesion was subsequently resected. Macroscopically, it was a multiloculated cyst with intracystic hemorrhage. Microscopically, the lesion was composed of numerous, heterogeneous cysts lined by a flattened single layer of cells without significant atypia. Notably, numerous neoplastic vessels extended into the interlobular septa of the pancreas and surrounded the main pancreatic duct. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the lining cells expressed CD31 and CD34. The lesion was diagnosed as adult pancreatic hemangioma. Surgical treatment may be required when a direct contact between the lesion and the pancreatic tissue is demonstrated using imaging. PMID:25013478

  16. Pedunculated cavernous hemangioma originating in the olfactory cleft.

    PubMed

    Su, Kaiming; Zhang, Weitian; Shi, Haibo; Yin, Shankai

    2014-09-01

    Sinonasal cavernous hemangioma is a rare condition that usually affects the lateral wall of the nasal cavity. We report the case of a 77-year-old man who presented with severe epistaxis, nasal congestion, and olfactory dysfunction. Endoscopic examination of the nasal cavity revealed the presence of a red-blue tumor that had almost completely filled the nasopharynx. Preoperatively, it was difficult to distinguish this lesion from a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma. During endoscopic surgery, the tumor was found to originate in the left olfactory cleft, and it had a long peduncle that contained blood vessels. Postoperative histopathologic examination indicated that the mass was a cavernous hemangioma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of an olfactory cleft cavernous hemangioma and the first case of olfactory cleft disease associated with a cavernous hemangioma to be reported in the English-language literature. PMID:25255356

  17. Hemangioma of the Interatrial Septum: CT and MRI Features

    SciTech Connect

    Hrabak-Paar, Maja, E-mail: majahrabak@gmail.com [University Hospital Center Zagreb, University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Croatia); Huebner, Marisa [University Hospital Mainz (Germany); Stern-Padovan, Ranka; Lusic, Mario [University Hospital Center Zagreb, University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Croatia)

    2011-02-15

    Hemangioma of the heart is a rare primary benign tumor mainly appearing as enhancing, homogenous, well-circumscribed mass. We report a case of a 61-year-old asymptomatic woman, whose echocardiography showed a cardiac mass, which was described as the atypical myxoma of the right atrium. For further imaging, contrast-enhanced computed tomography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging were undertaken, which showed a tumor located in the interatrial septum with imaging characteristics of hemangioma. In the literature, cardiac hemangioma is usually described as an intensely enhancing mass. In our opinion, early peripheral puddling of contrast material with filling in on delayed images is a typical pattern of its enhancement. This characteristic, in addition to high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, allows differentiation of a hemangioma from other benign and malignant tumors.

  18. Application of 128 slice 4D CT whole liver perfusion imaging in hepatic tumor.

    PubMed

    Guo, Meiling; Yu, Yongmei

    2014-09-01

    To investigate the clinical significance of 128 slice whole liver four dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of hepatic disease, by characterizing and comparing perfusion maps in two common hepatic tumors: hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver hemangioma. 45 patients with HCC and 40 patients with liver hemangioma were subjected to 128 slice 4D CT of the whole liver perfusion scan, perfusion images were obtained, and data were processed by the perfusion software. Four perfusion parameters generated automatically were used to characterize and compare the perfusion of tumor tissue and surrounding hepatic parenchyma: blood flow perfusion (BF), arterial liver perfusion (ALP), portal venous perfusion (PVP), and hepatic perfusion index (HPI). Volumetric CT perfusion data then reconstructed to yield 4D CT angiography. Morphological observation was made regarding to the blood supply of tumor, intrahepatic vasculature. (1) In both HCC and hepatic hemangioma, BF, ALP, HPI were higher (P < 0.01), whereas PVP were lower (P < 0.01) in tumor tissue than the surrounding hepatic parenchyma (within 1 cm of lesion). Compared with liver hemangioma tumor tissue, BF, ALP, PVP were lower in HCC tumor tissue (P < 0.05; 0.01; 0.01), but HPI is higher (P < 0.05). For the perfusion of the surrounding parenchyma, BF and ALP were higher (P < 0.001), PVP was lower (P < 0.001) in HCC, while HPI was unchanged. (2) Among 45 cases with HCC, cancer feeding artery was found in 28 cases. In 20 cases feeding artery was shown as thickening, rigid, or distorted. Tumor thrombus in portal vein was found in 14 cases. For total of 40 cases with liver hemangioma, in 23 cases blood vessels are shifted due to compression from tumor mass, the rest 17 cases show normal vasculature. With application of 128 slice 4D CT, whole liver perfusion scan can reliably reflect the hemodynamic characteristics of HCC and hepatic hemangioma, proving to be a valuable adjunct to conventional imaging techniques of liver for early detection, differential diagnosis, and determining surgical resection range as well as estimating prognosis for hepatic tumors. PMID:24691926

  19. Is systemic infliximab therapy effective for retinal cavernous hemangioma?

    PubMed Central

    Alsulaiman, Sulaiman M.; Abouammoh, Marwan A.; Al-Dahmash, Saad A.; Abu El-Asrar, Ahmed M.

    2014-01-01

    A 10-month-old infant with the diagnosis of retinal cavernous hemangioma involving the macula presented with an outward deviation of the right eye that has been noticed by her parents. Examination revealed a clearing vitreous hemorrhage, and grape-like clusters filled with blood in the posterior pole. After 4 cycles of intravenous infliximab over the period of 3 months, no evident change was noted on the size of the cavernous hemangioma. PMID:25228188

  20. Cavernous hemangioma of tongue: management of two cases.

    PubMed

    V, Pranitha; Puppala, Niharika; Deshmukh, Sudhanwa N; B, Jagadesh; S, Anuradha

    2014-10-01

    Hemangiomas are benign tumours of infancy and childhood, most commonly located in the head and neck region and occur more frequently in the lips, tongue and palate. The treatment depends upon lesion location, size and evolution stage and the patient's age. This paper describes the management of cavernous hemangioma in a 2 -year -old child and 14 -year -old child using different approaches. PMID:25478463

  1. Cavernous Hemangioma of Tongue: Management of Two Cases

    PubMed Central

    Puppala, Niharika; Deshmukh, Sudhanwa N; B, Jagadesh; S, Anuradha

    2014-01-01

    Hemangiomas are benign tumours of infancy and childhood, most commonly located in the head and neck region and occur more frequently in the lips, tongue and palate. The treatment depends upon lesion location, size and evolution stage and the patient’s age. This paper describes the management of cavernous hemangioma in a 2 -year -old child and 14 -year -old child using different approaches. PMID:25478463

  2. Is systemic infliximab therapy effective for retinal cavernous hemangioma?

    PubMed

    Alsulaiman, Sulaiman M; Abouammoh, Marwan A; Al-Dahmash, Saad A; Abu El-Asrar, Ahmed M

    2014-09-01

    A 10-month-old infant with the diagnosis of retinal cavernous hemangioma involving the macula presented with an outward deviation of the right eye that has been noticed by her parents. Examination revealed a clearing vitreous hemorrhage, and grape-like clusters filled with blood in the posterior pole. After 4 cycles of intravenous infliximab over the period of 3 months, no evident change was noted on the size of the cavernous hemangioma.  PMID:25228188

  3. Solitary osseous hemangioma outside the spinal and craniofacial bones

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akira Ogose; Tetsuo Hotta; Tetsuro Morita; Takashi Takizawa; Haruaki Ohsawa; Yasuharu Hirata

    2000-01-01

    Bone hemangioma is mainly seen in the skull and spine, and rarely occurs in other bones. We report herein four cases of osseous\\u000a hemangioma arising in rare sites: In two cases, on a rib; a faintly painful mass in one case located on the scapula; and progressive\\u000a pain in one case located on the ischium. The tumors presented clinically as

  4. Thoracic vertebral hemangioma with extradural extension and spinal cord compression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1998-01-01

    A 45-year-old man presented with progressive numbness of lower extremities and unsteady gait. Magnetic resonance imaging of the dorsal spine demonstrated multiple hyperintense inactive vertebral hemangiomas on T-1 weighted images. There was an active hemangioma involving D7 vertebral body and neural arch with epidural extension and spinal cord compression. He underwent embolization of the main feeders of the lesion and

  5. Sacral kyphoplasty for relieving pain caused by sacral hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B Atalay; H Caner; C Yilmaz; N Altinors

    2006-01-01

    Study design:Case report describing sacral kyphoplasty in a patient with sacral hemangioma; the first account of this procedure in a sacral hemangioma.Objectives:To highlight the advantages of sacral kyphoplasty in the treatment of sacral tumors.Setting:This study is made in Baskent University in Turkey.Summary of background data:Kyphoplasty and sacroplasty are new, minimally invasive techniques that are mostly used for treating osteoporotic vertebral

  6. Percutaneous Pediculoplasty for Vertebral Hemangioma Involving the Neural Arch: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Fuwa, Sokun, E-mail: sofuwa@luke.or.jp; Numaguchi, Yuji; Kobayashi, Nobuo; Saida, Yukihisa [St. Luke's International Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Japan)

    2008-01-15

    Vertebral hemangiomas occasionally involve the neural arch and they can be symptomatic. We report a case of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma mainly involving the unilateral neural arch which was successfully treated with percutaneous pediculoplasty using a single-needle technique.

  7. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in Pregnancy

    MedlinePLUS

    What are hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections? Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are serious infections that affect the liver. Both diseases are ... illness. What extra risks are caused by hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections during pregnancy? Not only ...

  8. Surgical management of large scalp infantile hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Imad S.; Kiehna, Erin N.; Satti, Komal F.; Ehtesham, Moneeb; Ghiassi, Mahan; Singer, Robert J.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Infantile Hemangiomas (IH) are the most common benign tumor of infancy, occurring in over 10% of newborns. While most IHs involute and never require intervention, some scalp IHs may cause severe cosmetic deformity and threaten tissue integrity that requires surgical excision. Case Description: We present our experience with two infants who presented with large scalp IH. After vascular imaging, the patients underwent surgical resection of the IH and primary wound closure with excellent cosmetic outcome. We detail the surgical management of these cases and review the relevant literature. Conclusion: In some cases the IHs leave behind fibro-fatty residuum causing contour deformity. Surgery is often required for very large lesions causing extensive anatomical and/or functional disruption. The goal of surgical intervention is to restore normal anatomic contour and shape while minimizing the size of the permanent scar. PMID:24818048

  9. Propranolol for recalcitrant ulcerated hemangioma of infancy.

    PubMed

    Hong, Esther; Fischer, Gayle

    2012-01-01

    Hemangioma of infancy (HOI) is a common, self-resolving, benign tumor that frequently requires no intervention. Ulceration is one of the main complications of HOI, and active treatment is usually required to manage pain, potential scarring, and occasionally bleeding and infection. Since the discovery that oral propranolol is an effective treatment for complicated HOI, it has been replacing systemic corticosteroids as first-line therapy, and early recommendations for treatment protocols have been devised. We report the successful treatment of six children with recalcitrant ulcerated HOI using propranolol. In all cases, complete, rapid healing occurred. Two children experienced recurrence of ulceration after ceasing propranolol, but this was rapidly controlled by restarting treatment. No adverse effects were encountered. We propose that ulceration in HOI is an indication for propranolol treatment if more conservative therapies have failed. PMID:21854419

  10. A case of multiple pulmonary cavernous hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Miyamoto, Utako; Tominaga, Masaki; Tomimitsu, Shinji; Nakanishi, Kaori; Hayashi, Akihiro; Irie, Koji

    2015-01-01

    A 61-year-old male who originally visited a different hospital, underwent a health checkup in which multiple lung nodules were detected. Multiple well-defined small nodules were observed in both lungs, with lesions reaching the arteries. Metastatic lung cancer, with unknown origin, was suspected. A computed tomography-guided percutaneous lung biopsy was performed; however, a pathological diagnosis could not be established. Then the patient was referred to our hospital for surgical lung biopsy. Macroscopically, the nodule was dark-red in color and solid without a capsule. Microscopically, the nodule was composed of dilated vascular spaces lined by flattened bland cells. They were positive for CD34, but were negative for TTF-1, consistent with lesions of endothelial origin. Microscopic and immunohistochemical findings supported the diagnosis of multiple pulmonary cavernous hemangiomas. After diagnosis, the lesions were left untreated and thereafter showed no signs of deterioration.

  11. A Handheld Wireless Device for Diffuse Optical Spectroscopic Assessment of Infantile Hemangiomas

    E-print Network

    Hielscher, Andreas

    A Handheld Wireless Device for Diffuse Optical Spectroscopic Assessment of Infantile Hemangiomas hemangiomas (IH) are common vascular growths that occur in 5-10% of neonates and have the potential to cause the utility of DOI for IH. Keywords: diffuse optical spectroscopy, wireless, handheld, hemangiomas 1

  12. Infants with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome do not have “true” hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Odile Enjolras; Michel Wassef; Elizabeth Mazoyer; Ilona J. Frieden; Paul N. Rieu; Ludovic Drouet; Alain Taïeb; Jean-François Stalder; Jean-Paul Escande

    1997-01-01

    Objective: In 1940 Kasabach and Merritt described an infant with a vascular anomaly, extensive purpura, and thrombocytopenia; they called his lesion “capillary hemangioma.” Hemangioma is a benign tumor that grows in infancy and is characterized by proliferation of endothelial cells and regression during childhood. Although Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) is frequently mentioned as a possible complication of hemangioma, our experience suggests

  13. Vertebral Hemangioma Mimicks Infection. A Case Report and Review of Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Terrence Jose Jerome

    Vertebral hemangioma is the most commonly encountered tumor of the vertebral column. The hemangiomas may involve any portion of the spinal column, including the sacrum, but occur most often in the thoracic spine followed by the lumbar spine. We report a 45-year-old man with L1 vertebral hemangioma mimicking as infection. Radiological and MRI findings showed osteolytic collapse with retropulsion, epidural

  14. Importance of SPECT/CT in Detecting Multiple Hemangiomas on 99mTc-Labeled RBC Blood Pool Scintigraphy.

    PubMed

    Roy, Shambo Guha; Karunanithi, Sellam; Agarwal, Krishan Kant; Bal, Chandrasekhar; Kumar, Rakesh

    2015-04-01

    Vascular malformations and hemangiomas are common in children, but gastric hemangioma is extremely rare with less than 15 reported cases in the pediatric age group. Gastric hemangioma accounts for only 0.05% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms, and intra-abdominal hemangiomas are rarely found outside of the liver. We present a unique case of gastric hemangioma, and multiple hemangiomas were detected in a single scan by Tc-labeled RBC blood pool imaging. This case also depicts the incremental role of SPECT/CT over planar acquisition for detecting multiple hemangiomas, especially for those lesions located adjacent to physiological blood pool activity. PMID:25546199

  15. Intraosseous Cavernous Hemangioma: A Rare Presentation in Maxilla

    PubMed Central

    I??lgan, Servet Elçin; Çerkez, Cem; Otrakç?, Volkan; Serel, Sava?

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Hemangiomas are benign vascular lesions mostly arising from soft tissues. However, intraosseous hemangioma is a rare entity, comprising only 1% of benign bone tumors. We describe here the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of a 42-year-old woman with a painless hard swelling—diagnosed to be intraosseous hemangioma via orbital magnetic resonance imaging—localized on the left infraorbital margin. Methods: After en bloc excision of the mass with safety margins through a subciliary incision, the defect was reconstructed via Medpor, which was fixed to the drilled bones with polypropylene sutures. Results: Histopathological diagnosis of the specimen revealed intraosseous cavernous hemangioma. There seems to be no recurrence or any cosmetic deformity 3 months postoperatively. Conclusion: Total surgical excision is the preferred method of treatment for intraosseous hemangiomas with reconstruction. In this patient, we used Medpor for reconstruction of orbital floor, the infraorbital orbital rim and anterior wall of maxillary sinus. We think that Medpor is a good option since a natural smooth malar contour and adequate orbital rim can be achieved and there is no any other scar. PMID:25328568

  16. Infantile hemangiomas exhibit neural crest and pericyte markers.

    PubMed

    Spock, Christopher L; Tom, Laura K; Canadas, Karina; Sue, Gloria R; Sawh-Martinez, Rajendra; Maier, Cheryl L; Pober, Jordan S; Galan, Anjela; Schultz, Brent; Waner, Milton; Narayan, Deepak

    2015-02-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign tumors of infancy and occur with greater than 60% prevalence on the head and neck. Despite their prevalence, little is known about the pathogenesis of this disease. Given the predilection of hemangioma incidence on the face and its nonrandom distribution on embryological fusion plates, we postulated that IHs are derived from pericytes of the neural crest. We performed an analysis on 15 specimens at various stages of the IH progression. Experiments performed included immunohistochemical staining, immunofluorescent staining, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and flow cytometry. We analyzed a number of cell markers using these methods, including cell markers for the neural crest, pericytes, endothelial cells, stem cells, and the placenta. We observed that neural crest markers such as NG2 and nestin were expressed in the hemangioma samples, in addition tomultiple pericytes markers including ?-like kinase, smooth muscle actin, calponin, and CD90. Stem cell markers such as c-myc, oct4, nanog, and sox2 were also more highly expressed in hemangioma samples compared to controls. Our work demonstrates that hemangiomas express pericyte, neural crest, and stem cell markers suggesting a possible pathogenetic mechanism. PMID:24401806

  17. Laser statistical polarimetry optical anisotropy of blood plasma of the patients with hemangioma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boychuk, T. M.; Bodnar, B. M.; Vatamanesku, L. I.

    2011-09-01

    Proposed in this work is a novel method of early laser polarimetric diagnostics of vessels pathologies and hemangioma formation. The generalized model of formation processes of polarization inhomogeneous laser images of experimental samples of biological tissues is presented. It was performed the experimental measurements of polarization states of both biological tissues laser images points and the hemangioma liquids. The results of investigating the interrelation between statistical moments of the 1st-4th order are presented that characterize the coordinate distributions of polarization azimuth of laser images of histological sections of hemangioma, hemangioma blood smears and blood plasma with vascular system pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of hemangioma nascency are determined.

  18. Laser statistical polarimetry optical anisotropy of blood plasma of the patients with hemangioma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boychuk, T. M.; Bodnar, B. M.; Vatamanesku, L. I.

    2012-01-01

    Proposed in this work is a novel method of early laser polarimetric diagnostics of vessels pathologies and hemangioma formation. The generalized model of formation processes of polarization inhomogeneous laser images of experimental samples of biological tissues is presented. It was performed the experimental measurements of polarization states of both biological tissues laser images points and the hemangioma liquids. The results of investigating the interrelation between statistical moments of the 1st-4th order are presented that characterize the coordinate distributions of polarization azimuth of laser images of histological sections of hemangioma, hemangioma blood smears and blood plasma with vascular system pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of hemangioma nascency are determined.

  19. Unstable Giants

    E-print Network

    Robert de Mello Koch; Norman Ives; Jelena Smolic; Milena Smolic

    2006-02-06

    We find giant graviton solutions in Frolov's three parameter generalization of the Lunin-Maldacena background. The background we study has $\\tilde{\\gamma}_1=0$ and $\\tilde{\\gamma}_2=\\tilde{\\gamma}_3=\\tilde{\\gamma}$. This class of backgrounds provide a non-superymmetric example of the gauge theory/gravity correspondence that can be tested quantitatively, as recently shown by Frolov, Roiban and Tseytlin. The giant graviton solutions we find have a greater energy than the point gravitons, making them unstable states. Despite this, we find striking quantitative agreement between the gauge theory and gravity descriptions of open strings attached to the giant.

  20. Uncommon hepatic tumors: iconographic essay - Part 1*

    PubMed Central

    Pedrassa, Bruno Cheregati; da Rocha, Eduardo Lima; Kierszenbaum, Marcelo Longo; Bormann, Renata Lilian; Torres, Lucas Rios; D'Ippolito, Giuseppe

    2014-01-01

    Most malignant liver tumors are represented by hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma; however a variety of other uncommon hepatic lesions might also be found. Common lesions such as hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia and metastases are well known and have already been extensively documented in the literature. The diagnosis of typical hepatic lesions may be done with some reliability by means of several imaging methods; on the other hand, uncommon lesions normally represent a diagnostic challenge for the radiologist. In this first part of the study, the authors will approach five uncommon liver tumors - angiosarcoma, angiomyolipoma, cystadenoma/biliary carcinoma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, and fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma -, describing their main characteristics and image findings with focus on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. PMID:25741106

  1. Uncommon hepatic tumors: iconographic essay - Part 1.

    PubMed

    Pedrassa, Bruno Cheregati; da Rocha, Eduardo Lima; Kierszenbaum, Marcelo Longo; Bormann, Renata Lilian; Torres, Lucas Rios; D'Ippolito, Giuseppe

    2014-01-01

    Most malignant liver tumors are represented by hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma; however a variety of other uncommon hepatic lesions might also be found. Common lesions such as hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia and metastases are well known and have already been extensively documented in the literature. The diagnosis of typical hepatic lesions may be done with some reliability by means of several imaging methods; on the other hand, uncommon lesions normally represent a diagnostic challenge for the radiologist. In this first part of the study, the authors will approach five uncommon liver tumors - angiosarcoma, angiomyolipoma, cystadenoma/biliary carcinoma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, and fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma -, describing their main characteristics and image findings with focus on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. PMID:25741106

  2. Cavernous hemangioma of temporalis muscle: report of a case and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Cali?aneller, Tarkan; Ozdemir, Ozgür; Yildirim, Erkan; Kiyici, Halil; Altinörs, Nur

    2007-01-01

    Hemangiomas are tumors of vascular origin comprising approximately 7% of all benign tumors. Intramuscular hemangioma is a rare condition and hemangiomas of the head and neck make up less than 15% of intramuscular hemangiomas. Temporalis muscle is an uncommon location for intramuscular hemangioma and seldom reported in the literature. Radiological methods are generally insufficient for the correct diagnosis and surgery is the treatment of choice to exclude malignancy and for adequate treatment of these lesions. A 37-year-old male was admitted with a slowly growing painless mass in his right temporal fossa. The lesion was surgically excised and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma. Diagnosis and treatment modalities for temporalis muscle hemangiomas are discussed. PMID:17918676

  3. What's new in infantile hemangiomas: current insights and future perspectives.

    PubMed

    Semkova, Kristina; Kazandjieva, Jana; Tsankov, Nikolai K

    2013-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign vascular tumors of infancy. Their hallmark feature is the spontaneous involution over months to years after an initial rapid proliferation. The exact origin of infantile hemangiomas and the pathogenetic mechanism(s) of their life cycle are still unknown, but recent findings, including multipotent hemangioma-derived stem cells, vasculogenic activity, and response to hypoxic stimuli, give new insights into this common yet puzzling vascular tumor. beta-Blockers have been recently introduced as effective therapy alongside conventional modalities, such as corticosteroids and lasers. Better understanding of the pathogenesis is needed in the future to ensure a more focused treatment approach with high efficacy and good safety. PMID:24517038

  4. Failure to thrive in infants with complicated facial hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Meghan W; Burkhart, Craig N; Vaghani, Sapna P; Morrell, Dean S; Wagner, Annette M

    2012-01-01

    We have observed that some children with facial hemangiomas of infancy have feeding difficulties coincident with periods of failure to thrive. We evaluated the early oral sensory and feeding experiences of four children with facial hemangiomas through medical record review and parental surveys to investigate their contribution to the patients' failure to thrive. All children with feeding irregularities experienced some degree of oral sensory impairment and required early oral sensory intervention, but there were varying reports of difficulty or delay in the development of oral feeding. The nature of these difficulties is discussed. Infants with complicated facial hemangiomas with perioral and airway involvement may be at higher risk for feeding and oral sensory problems. We recommend close monitoring for failure to thrive and early evaluation by speech or occupational therapists. PMID:21950618

  5. [News on infantile hemangioma therapy by beta-blocker].

    PubMed

    Delmotte, Nicolas; Curti, Christophe; Montana, Marc; Crozet, Maxime; Vanelle, Patrice; Gensollen, Sophie

    2012-01-01

    Hemangiomas are benign tumors most commonly encountered in infancy and early childhood. While most of them regress spontaneously, some require treatment due to a significant proliferation, which may be complicated by ulceration, deformation aesthetic deformation or worse impairment vital. Among the treatments used corticosteroids is the standard treatment but its use in high doses expose to potential risks. In 2008, the discovery by "chance" of the effectiveness of propranolol in the management of hemangioma revolutionizes the first line treatment. Its mechanism of action is not yet well understood and establishment of such treatment should be done by a hospital paediatrician in the absence of any contraindications. This article proposes focus on effectiveness and tolerance of ?-blockers used as treatment of infantile hemangiomas. PMID:22874493

  6. An aggressive vertebral hemangioma in pregnancy: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Pregnancy-related compressive myelopathy secondary to vertebral hemangioma is a rare occurrence and its treatment antepartum is rare. Case presentation A 19-year-old North African woman in her 38th week of pregnancy presented with paraplegia that progressed within 2 days after a rapidly progressive weakness of her lower limbs. Magnetic resonance imaging studies showed compression of her spinal cord in front of the fourth thoracic vertebra for suspected tuberculous spondylitis. A Caesarean section was done followed by corpectomy with a bone graft because we intraoperatively discovered a vertebral hemangioma. Pathology showed an aggressive hemangioma. Conclusion At any term of pregnancy, extensive neurological involvement which is rapidly progressive due to compression should be considered for immediate decompression. PMID:24943121

  7. Symptomatic hemangioma of oral cavity treated with CO2 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicola, Ester M. D.; Coutinho, Adriana A.; Nicola, Jorge H.; Gusmao, Reinaldo J.

    1995-05-01

    The CO2 laser has been used by our group as a secure and efficient tool for the treatment of symptomatic oral cavity hemangiomas which can be responsible for disturbance for swallowing, phonation and in hygienic, besides discomfort and bleeding to patients. During the last four years, twelve patients with symptomatic oral cavity hemangioma were treated at the Laser Unit of our University. The treatment consisted in the application of CO2 laser at medium to low intensity according to characteristics and location of the lesions. For hemangiomas located at sites of easy surgical access such as anterior 1/3 of the tongue, lips, bucal vestibule we use 10 to 37 J/mm2 over the surface of the lesion. When the hemangioma was located at difficult surgical access sites, such as, tonsils, posterior 1/3 of tongue, or at pharyngeal wall we used 3.0 to 4.0 J/mm2 encircling the whole hemangioma. This causes reduction in the size of the lesion throughout sclerosis of nutrition vessels. After this initial procedure we applied 0.8 to 1.0 J/mm2 over the whole extent of the lesion. For both procedures we observed no significant bleeding or inflammatory reaction. The patients referred minimal post-operative discomfort with good cicatricial evolution. The evident reduction in the vascularization and size could be confirmed by photographic documentation. The good results described above, with disappearance of symptoms lead to the conclusion that CO2 laser is an efficient and secure method of treatment for symptomatic hemangioma of the oral cavity.

  8. Giant Squid

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2009-01-01

    How do you get two dead Giant Squid the size of a school bus from a fishing boat in Spain to a museum in Washington, DC, USA? Call in the Navy! Find out how Operation Calamari unfolded and how the museum managed to put their new Giant Squid on display. Also included is a Learn More section that provides background information on the scientists recorded in the podcast, lessons, images, and cool facts.

  9. Giant Planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lunine, J. I.

    Beyond the inner solar system's terrestrial planets, with their compact orbits and rock -metal compositions, lies the realm of the outer solar system and the giant planets. Here the distance between planets jumps by an order of magnitude relative to the spacing of the terrestrial planets, and the masses of the giants are one to two orders of magnitude greater than Venus and Earth - the largest terrestrial bodies. Composition changes as well, since the giant planets are largely gaseous, with inferred admixtures of ice, rock, and metal, while the terrestrial planets are essentially pure rock and metal. The giant planets have many more moons than do the terrestrial planets, and the range of magnetic field strengths is larger in the outer solar system. It is the giant planets that sport rings, ranging from the magnificent ones around Saturn to the variable ring arcs of Neptune. Were it not for the fact that only Earth supports abundant life (with life possibly existing, but not proved to exist, in the martian crust and liquid water regions underneath the ice of Jupiter's moon Europa), the terrestrial planets would pale in interest next to the giant planets for any extraterrestrial visitor.

  10. Isolated Cavernous Hemangioma: A Rare Benign Lesion of the Stomach

    PubMed Central

    Basbug, Murat; Yavuz, Ridvan; Dablan, Mahmut; Baysal, Birol; Gencoglu, Metehan; Yagmur, Yusuf

    2012-01-01

    Gastric cavernous hemangioma is a relatively rare benign gastric disease. Here we report the case of a 25-year-old male patient who had been admitted complaining of epigastric pain and hematemesis. Preoperative imaging indicated that the mass lesion palpated in the epigastric region was a probable mesenchymal tumor of gastric origin. Due to the hypervascular nature and submucosal localization of the mass, we did not obtain definitive preoperative diagnosis by endoscopic biopsy. The histologic diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma was confirmed by post-resection histopathologial evaluation of the mass. PMID:23024741

  11. Role of connexins in infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Blanke, Katja; Dähnert, Ingo; Salameh, Aida

    2013-01-01

    The circulatory system is one of the first systems that develops during embryogenesis. Angiogenesis describes the formation of blood vessels as a part of the circulatory system and is essential for organ growth in embryogenesis as well as repair in adulthood. A dysregulation of vessel growth contributes to the pathogenesis of many disorders. Thus, an imbalance between pro- and antiangiogenic factors could be observed in infantile hemangioma (IH). IH is the most common benign tumor during infancy, which appears during the first month of life. These vascular tumors are characterized by rapid proliferation and subsequently slower involution. Most IHs regress spontaneously, but in some cases they cause disfigurement and systemic complications, which requires immediate treatment. Recently, a therapeutic effect of propranolol on IH has been demonstrated. Hence, this non-selective ?-blocker became the first-line therapy for IH. Over the last years, our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of IH has been improved and possible mechanisms of action of propranolol in IH have postulated. Previous studies revealed that gap junction proteins, the connexins (Cx), might also play a role in the pathogenesis of IH. Therefore, affecting gap junctional intercellular communication is suggested as a novel therapeutic target of propranolol in IH. In this review we summarize the current knowledge of the molecular processes, leading to IH and provide new insights of how Cxs might be involved in the development of these vascular tumors. PMID:23596415

  12. Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Choroidal Hemangioma

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Yun Taek; Kang, Se Woong [Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jung-Il, E-mail: jilee@skku.edu [Department of Neurosurgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-12-01

    Purpose: Patients with choroidal hemangioma (CH), a benign ocular hamartoma, frequently presents with visual disturbance as a result of exudative retinal detachment (RD), which originates in subretinal fluid accumulation. We report our experience using the Leksell Gamma Knife in the management of symptomatic CH. Methods and Materials: Seven patients with symptomatic CH (circumscribed form in 3 patients and diffuse form in 4) were treated with the Leksell Gamma Knife at our institution during a 7-year period. All patients presented with exudative RD involving the macula that resulted in severe visual deterioration. The prescription dose to the target margin was 10 Gy in all cases. The mean tumor volume receiving the prescription dose was 536 mm{sup 3} (range, 151-1,057). The clinical data were analyzed in a retrospective fashion after a mean follow-up of 34.4 months (range, 9-76). Results: The resolution of exudative RD was achieved within 6 months, and the visual acuity of the affected eye had improved at the latest follow-up examination (p = .018) in all patients. No recurrence of exudative RD occurred. Thinning of the CHs was observed in most patients; however, symptomatic radiation toxicity had not developed in any of the patients. Conclusion: Symptomatic CHs can be safely and effectively managed with Gamma Knife radiosurgery using a marginal dose of 10 Gy.

  13. Hepatitis C

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 2014 Select a Language: Fact Sheet 507 Hepatitis C WHAT IS HEPATITIS C? HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED? ... treatment may be less likely to work. Hep C treatment is less effective for coinfected people. Cure ...

  14. Hepatitis E

    MedlinePLUS

    ... non-enveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus. The hepatitis E virus is transmitted mainly ... RT-PCR) to detect the hepatitis E virus RNA in blood and/or stool, but this assay ...

  15. Autoimmune hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    Autoimmune hepatitis is inflammation of the liver that occurs when immune cells mistake the liver's normal cells ... This form of hepatitis is an autoimmune disease . The body's immune ... body tissue and harmful, outside substances. The result is an ...

  16. Hepatitis C

    MedlinePLUS

    ... an inflammation of the liver. One type, hepatitis C, is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It usually spreads through contact with ... childbirth. Most people who are infected with hepatitis C don't have any symptoms for years. If ...

  17. Propranolol in the treatment of upper airway hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Anderson de Moreno, Lauren C; Matt, Bruce H; Montgomery, Gregory; Kim, Young-Jee

    2013-01-01

    Airway hemangiomas (AHs), which are common in infant airways, often cause significant upper airway obstruction. The various therapies used for AH have limitations and complications. Propranolol may have a potential role in its treatment, since it leads to regression or stabilization of cutaneous infantile hemangiomas. To date, only 4 previous case reports (7 patients) in which propranolol was used for AH have been published. Based on encouraging preliminary data on propranolol use for AH treatment, our goal was to further investigate propranolol as an effective initial treatment of upper AHs that cause significant obstruction symptoms. In this retrospective case series, we reviewed the medical records of 5 consecutive pediatric patients with AH (glottic and subglottic) treated with propranolol at a tertiary care children's hospital. All 5 patients were 2 months of age at the time of hemangioma diagnosis and had stridor and physical signs of severe upper airway obstruction. Hemangioma was diagnosed by flexible laryngoscopy or flexible bronchoscopy. All patients received propranolol 2 mg/kg/day and showed significant relief of obstruction symptoms within 24 hours of treatment initiation. All patients tolerated propranolol without significant cardiovascular complications. Outcomes from this case series, in conjunction with available case reports in the literature, suggest that propranolol is a safe initial treatment for symptomatic upper AH. PMID:23599104

  18. Internal jugular vein pyogenic capillary hemangioma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Cera, Chiara; Calvagna, Cristiano; Sgorlon, Giada; Zamolo, Francesca; Pancrazio, Francesco; Adovasio, Roberto

    2015-02-01

    Internal jugular vein hemangioma, also called pyogenic granuloma, is a rare tumor. Such a neoformation was accidentally discovered and excised in a middle-aged man. Histologic and immunohistochemical investigations were performed, and this case is compared with the poor amount of similar ones described in the literature. PMID:25462549

  19. Aneurysm of external jugular vein mimicking hemangioma of neck.

    PubMed

    Aiyappan, Senthil Kumar; Ranga, Upasana; Veeraiyan, Saveetha

    2013-12-01

    Venous aneurysms are one of the rare causes of neck swellings. Among neck veins, external jugular vein aneurysms are uncommon. We present a case of a woman who presented with a nontender compressible swelling in the left lower neck region, which initially thought to be hemangioma, was later found to be external jugular vein aneurysm on Doppler ultrasound and CT angiography. PMID:24465108

  20. [Infantile hemangioma and propranolol: a therapeutic "revolution". Literature review].

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, L; Dangoisse, C; Semaille, P

    2013-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common benign vascular tumour affecting children. Most infantile hemangiomas are self-limiting, but some require specific treatment. Propranolol has been proposed for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas. The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of action of propranolol for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas and to demonstrate its safety and efficacy through a review of the literature. The non cardioselective bêta-blocker propranolol has been used in a pediatric setting for 40 years and, since 2008, has a new indication. A clearly significant improvement has been observed in the condition of children with complicated IH (10%) treated with propranolol. This new indication has been widely described in the international literature. Various explanations have been put forward for the mechanism of action including a vasoconstrictor, antiangiogenic and apoptotic effect of propranolol on the different cells making up an IH. Overall tolerance is good and the efficacy markedly superior to that of any other treatments used for this purpose. In conclusion, with its good tolerance profile and superior efficacy versus all the other available therapies, propranolol can be considered to be a first-line treatment for complicated IH. PMID:24505868

  1. Infantile hemangioma: pulsed dye laser versus surgical therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Remlova, E.; Dostalova, T.; Michalusova, I.; Vranova, J.; Jelinkova, H.; Hubacek, M.

    2014-05-01

    Hemangioma is a mesenchymal benign tumor formed by blood vessels. Anomalies affect up to 10% of children and they are more common in females than in males. The aim of our study was to compare the treatment efficacy, namely the curative effect and adverse events, such as loss of pigment and appearance of scarring, between classical surgery techniques and laser techniques. For that reason a group of 223 patients with hemangioma was retrospectively reviewed. For treatment, a pulsed dye laser (PDL) (Rhodamine G, wavelength 595 nm, pulsewidth between 0.45 and 40 ms, spot diameter 7 mm, energy density 9–11 J cm?2) was used and the results were compared with a control group treated with classical surgical therapy under general anesthesia. The curative effects, mainly number of sessions, appearance of scars, loss of pigment, and relapses were evaluated as a marker of successful treatment. From the results it was evident that the therapeutic effects of both systems are similar. The PDL was successful in all cases. The surgery patients had four relapses. Classical surgery is directly connected with the presence of scars, but the system is safe for larger hemangiomas. It was confirmed that the PDL had the optimal curative effect without scars for small lesions (approximately 10 mm). Surgical treatment under general anesthesia is better for large hemangiomas; the disadvantage is the presence of scars.

  2. Vascular and nonvascular intracranial malformations associated with external capillary hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Pascual-Castroviejo

    1978-01-01

    Seven patients with facial and scalp capillary hemangiomas with associated vascular and nonvascular intracranial malformations are presented. All patients were female. The most important anomalies include: Dandy-Walker disease, cerebellar hypoplasia, arterial angiomas, and abnormal origin and intracranial distribution of some of the principal cerebral arteries.

  3. Computed tomography in spinal hemangioma with cord compression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Schnyder; H. Fankhauser; B. Mansouri

    1986-01-01

    Two teenagers with spinal cord compression due to a thoracic vertebral hemangioma are presented. Myelography showed a complete block in both patients. Selective intercostal arteriography was normal or non-conclusive. Only computed tomography (CT) gave precise information about the extent and nature of the compressive lesion. In the first case it showed angiomatous involvement of the body and all parts of

  4. Radiological Appearance of Extra-axial CNS Hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MING-SHIANG YANG; CLAYTON CHI-CHANG; CHEN WEN-HSIEN; CHEN HAO-CHUN; HUNG SAN-KAN LEE

    2002-01-01

    Extra-axial CNS hemangioma (EAH) is an uncommon vascular tumor in the central nervous system. The common sites are parasellar region of the middle cranial fossa and epidural space of spine. There are totally 6 cases in our hospital since 1992, in which three lesions were located in the epidural space of spine, and the others were at the parasellar region

  5. A systematic approach to vertebral hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Gaudino, Simona; Martucci, Matia; Colantonio, Raffaella; Lozupone, Emilio; Visconti, Emiliano; Leone, Antonio; Colosimo, Cesare

    2015-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) are a frequent and often incidental finding on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the spine. When their imaging appearance is "typical" (coarsened vertical trabeculae on radiographic and CT images, hyperintensity on T1- and T2-weighted MR images), the radiological diagnosis is straightforward. Nonetheless, VHs might also display an "atypical" appearance on MR imaging because of their histological features (amount of fat, vessels, and interstitial edema). Although the majority of VHs are asymptomatic and quiescent lesions, they can exhibit active behaviors, including growing quickly, extending beyond the vertebral body, and invading the paravertebral and/or epidural space with possible compression of the spinal cord and/or nerve roots ("aggressive" VHs). These "atypical" and "aggressive" VHs are a radiological challenge since they can mimic primary bony malignancies or metastases. CT plays a central role in the workup of atypical VHs, being the most appropriate imaging modality to highlight the polka-dot appearance that is representative of them. When aggressive VHs are suspected, both CT and MR are needed. MR is the best imaging modality to characterize the epidural and/or soft-tissue component, helping in the differential diagnosis. Angiography is a useful imaging adjunct for evaluating and even treating aggressive VHs. The primary objectives of this review article are to summarize the clinical, pathological, and imaging features of VHs, as well as the treatment options, and to provide a practical guide for the differential diagnosis, focusing on the rationale assessment of the findings from radiography, CT, and MR imaging. PMID:25348558

  6. Giant Pandas

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Smithsonian Institution National Zoological Park presents this extensive curriculum guide focused on the giant panda, one of the zoo's most famous denizens. Three sets of multidisciplinary lesson plans -- for grades K-4, 5-8, and 9-12 -- "contain all necessary background information and explore giant panda biology, habitat, zoo science, and conservation efforts." For example, the curriculum guide for grades 9-12 includes lesson plans addressing animal behavior and interdependence, the biomes of China, land-use planning, creative writing, and more. Students may also take advantage of the zoo's many other panda-related resources available online.

  7. Cardiac screening in infants with infantile hemangiomas before propranolol treatment.

    PubMed

    Blei, Francine; McElhinney, Doff B; Guarini, Ascanio; Presti, Salvatore

    2014-01-01

    There is no uniform pretreatment cardiac evaluation for infants treated with oral propranolol, which is now the drug of choice for hemangiomas of infancy requiring systemic medical intervention. The aim of this study was to report and evaluate the findings of pretreatment cardiac evaluation. Data were reviewed for patients evaluated by a single hemangioma specialist and a single pediatric cardiologist prior to initiation of propranolol for infantile hemangioma. Cardiac evaluation included a complete echocardiogram. From July 2009 through January 2013, 239 consecutive patients 12 months of age or younger (median 2.7 months) were screened. No patients had cardiac contraindications to propranolol. However, 50 patients (21%) had an abnormal echocardiogram: 39 atrial septal defects (5 associated with right heart enlargement), 6 ventricular septal defects, 2 patent ductus arteriosus, 1 aortic coarctation, 1 pulmonary valve stenosis, and 1 aberrant subclavian artery. Overall, 69 patients had an audible heart murmur, 44 of which were not associated with pathologic findings on echocardiogram. All patients with a ventricular septal defect and 16 of 39 with an atrial septal defect had a murmur. Two of seven patients with PHACE syndrome had cardiac anomalies. None of the findings precluded the use of propranolol. Assisted reproductive technologies were used in 18% of pregnancies, including in vitro fertilization in 12%. Cardiac contraindications to propranolol treatment are uncommon in patients with infantile hemangioma. However, anatomic abnormalities were more common than reported in the general population. Further study is necessary to determine whether there is a pathogenic relationship between cardiac defects and nonsyndromic infantile hemangioma. PMID:24889812

  8. Management of Liver Hemangioma Using Trans-Catheter Arterial Embolization

    PubMed Central

    Firouznia, Kavous; Ghanaati, Hossein; Alavian, Seyed Moayed; Nassiri Toosi, Mohssen; Ebrahimi Daryani, Nasser; Jalali, Amir Hossein; Shakiba, Madjid; Hosseinverdi, Sima

    2014-01-01

    Background: Hemangioma, a congenital vascular malformation, is the most common benign liver lesion that is usually remain stable subsequently requiring not treatment; however, complications such as abdominal pain or fullness, coagulation disturbances, and inflammatory syndrome may occur, demanding a specific treatment of hemangioma. Objectives: To assess the safety, feasibility and efficacy of trans-catheter arterial embolization (TAE) for the treatment of Liver hemangioma Patients and Methods: TAE was performed on 20 patients with liver hemangioma. The embolic agent used was polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles (300-400 micron, Jonson and Johnson Cordis, USA). All patients were followed up for 6 months. Imaging was carried out and patients were also evaluated symptomatically through telephone interview by a physician. Results: Twenty patients aged from 21 to 63 years (mean: 46.8, SD: 10.26) were included in this study. Post embolization syndrome, including abdominal pain, fever, and leukocytosis occurred in one patient 1 week after TAE and lasted for 3 days. No serious adverse event and TAE-related death was observed. None of the patient underwent another intervention including surgery. During follow up interval, decreased episode of abdominal pain was documented in all patients who had pain. Tumor enlargement was also stopped during the follow up. The average diameter of tumors was 97.00 mm (range: 25-200 SD: 47.85) and 88.95 mm (range: 23-195 SD: 43.27) before and after embolization, respectively. Comparison of images before and after TAE revealed statistically significant decrease in the size of lesion (P value: 0.004, t: 3.31). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that TAE is a safe and efficient procedure for the treatment of liver hemangioma. Further studies with larger sample sizes are required to support therapeutic effects of TAE. PMID:25737731

  9. Pulmonary Hemangiomas of Infancy and Childhood: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neil A. Abrahams; Thomas V. Colby; Richard H. Pearl; Bradley E. Chipps; Andrew L. Juris; Kevin O. Leslie

    2002-01-01

    Pulmonary hemangiomas are exceptionally rare in childhood and more so in infancy. They may involve the airways or the parenchyma,\\u000a and may be localized or multifocal. We present two cases of pulmonary capillary hemangiomas. The first case is a localized\\u000a form of capillary hemangioma that was resected from an 8-week-old infant with signs of respiratory distress. A computed tomography\\u000a scan

  10. Sternal Cleft associated with Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Atrial Septal Defect, and Subglottic Hemangioma: A rarity.

    PubMed

    Sadeghian, Naser; Mirshemirani, Alireza; Sadeghian, Irandokht

    2014-01-01

    We present a 2-day-old female neonate with cleft of the upper sternum, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), atrial septal defect (ASD), and subglottic hemangioma. Dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, abdominal ultrasonography, and imaging were performed. She underwent a surgical repair of sternal cleft in neonatal life. After 8 months, she developed respiratory distress, apnea due to subglottic hemangioma. She underwent urgent tracheostomy. Subglottic hemangioma was treated with the KTP532 laser. PMID:24834387

  11. Sternal Cleft associated with Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Atrial Septal Defect, and Subglottic Hemangioma: A rarity

    PubMed Central

    Mirshemirani, Alireza; Sadeghian, Irandokht

    2014-01-01

    We present a 2-day-old female neonate with cleft of the upper sternum, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), atrial septal defect (ASD), and subglottic hemangioma. Dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, abdominal ultrasonography, and imaging were performed. She underwent a surgical repair of sternal cleft in neonatal life. After 8 months, she developed respiratory distress, apnea due to subglottic hemangioma. She underwent urgent tracheostomy. Subglottic hemangioma was treated with the KTP532 laser. PMID:24834387

  12. Intraosseous Hemangioma of the Middle Turbinate Misdiagnosed As a Nasal Polyp

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Eun Jung; Lee, Jin Gul; Han, Man-Hoon

    2014-01-01

    Intraosseous hemangiomas account for 1% of all bone tumors and primarily originate from the vertebral column and skull bones. However, intraosseous hemangiomas of the nasal cavity are extremely rare. Here, we report a case of intraosseous hemangioma with a cavernous pattern arising from the middle turbinate that was preoperatively misdiagnosed as chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps. Except for nasal obstruction, there were no specific rhinologic symptoms. The tumor was excised en bloc by the endoscopic endonasal approach without preoperative embolization. PMID:25165592

  13. Endoscopic nonembolized resection of an extensive sinonasal cavernous hemangioma: A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Kovalerchik, Olga; Husain, Qasim; Mirani, Neena M.; Liu, James K.

    2013-01-01

    Sinonasal hemangiomas, although rare, must be considered in the evaluation of intranasal masses with profuse epistaxis. Although the availability of literature discussing cavernous hemangiomas in this location is limited, there have been no case reports of exclusively soft tissue sinonasal cavernous hemangiomas extending to the anterior skull base (ASB) that were resected purely endoscopically. Here, we describe the successful endoscopic resection of an extensive right sinonasal cavernous hemangioma extending to but not invading the ASB. Although highly vascular, in select cases, these tumors can be successfully resected endoscopically without embolization by experienced endoscopic sinus and skull base surgeons. PMID:24498525

  14. Massive Hemoptysis due to Endotracheal Hemangioma: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Yeonsil; Lee, Suhyeon; An, Jinyoung; Lee, Jeongmin; Kim, Jihoon; Lee, Youngkyung; Jung, Eunah; Song, Sookhee; Kim, Hyeok

    2015-01-01

    Tracheal hemangioma is a rare benign vascular tumor in adults. We reported a case of massive hemoptysis caused by a cavernous hemangioma in a 75-year-old man. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of a tracheal cavernous hemangioma that presented with massive hemoptysis. The lesion was removed with a CO2 laser under rigid laryngoscopy. Endovascular tumors, such as tracheobronchial hemangiomas, should be considered a diagnostic option in cases of massive hemoptysis without a significant underlying lung lesion. PMID:25861344

  15. Abdominal hemangiomas: a pictorial review of unusual, atypical, and rare types.

    PubMed

    Ojili, Vijayanadh; Tirumani, Sree Harsha; Gunabushanam, Gowthaman; Nagar, Arpit; Surabhi, Venkateswar Rao; Chintapalli, Kedar N; Ryan, John

    2013-02-01

    Hemangiomas are a radiologist's dream lesions because they allow a confident diagnosis most of the time. However, within the abdomen, hemangiomas may occur in such atypical locations and can have such unusual features that they cause significant diagnostic dilemma and may end up being excised surgically. The literature is replete with isolated case reports of atypical hemangiomas in the abdominal cavity, and, to our knowledge, so far, there is no comprehensive review. We present, in this article, a pictorial review of a gamut of uncommon hemangiomas and hemangiomatosis syndromes. Knowledge of these rare types can help in limiting diagnostic errors and increase the confidence of radiologists, thus avoiding unnecessary surgeries. PMID:22397826

  16. Hepatitis virus panel

    MedlinePLUS

    Hepatitis A antibody test; Hepatitis B antibody test; Hepatitis C antibody test; Hepatitis D antibody test ... Blood (serology) tests are used to check for antibodies to each of the hepatitis viruses.

  17. Hepatitis C and Incarceration

    MedlinePLUS

    ... type in jails and prisons. What is Hepatitis C? Hepatitis C is a serious liver disease that ... call this chronic Hepatitis C. Incarceration and Hepatitis C • Hepatitis C can be a health problem for ...

  18. Hepatitis B Vaccine

    MedlinePLUS

    Engerix-B® ... a combination product containing Hepatitis A Vaccine, Hepatitis B Vaccine) ... What is hepatitis B?Hepatitis B is a serious infection that affects the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus.In ...

  19. Giant magnetostriction

    SciTech Connect

    Belov, K.P.; Kataev, G.I.; Levitin, R.Z.; Nikitin, S.A.; Sokolov, V.I.

    1983-06-01

    This review summarizes the results of studies of anisotropic magnetostriction in rare-earth and actinide magnetics. Experimental data are given on the magnetostrictive constants in the rare-earth metals, alloys, intermetallic compounds, garnet ferrites, various uranium compounds, etc. The nature of the giant magnetostriction observed in compounds of the rare earths and actinides is analyzed. This magnetostriction is shown in most cases to have a single-ion origin, and to be due to interaction of the orbital moment of the rare-earth (or actinide) ion with the crystal field of the lattice. The influence is discussed of the magnetoelastic interaction on the physical properties (magnetic anisotropy, elastic modulus, etc.) of rare-earth and actinide magnetics. The parameters of intermetallic compounds showing giant magnetostriction in the room-temperature region and the possibilities of technical application are discussed.

  20. Segmental ulcerated perineal hemangioma of infancy: a complex case of PELVIS syndrome successfully treated using a multidisciplinary approach.

    PubMed

    Kaushik, Shivani B; Kwatra, Shawn G; McLean, Thomas W; Powers, Alexander; Atala, Anthony J; Yosipovitch, Gil

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of PELVIS (perineal hemangioma, external genital malformations, lipomyelomeningocele, vesicorenal abnormalities, imperforate anus and skin tag) syndrome in which hemangioma in the perineal area was misdiagnosed at birth as diaper rash. Investigations revealed associated vesicorenal and spinal abnormalities. We emphasize careful diagnosis of suspicious lesions at birth and confirm the successful use of propranolol in treating ulcerated segmental hemangiomas. PMID:23278237

  1. Outcomes of Childhood Hemangiomas Treated with the Pulsed-Dye Laser with Dynamic Cooling: A Retrospective Chart Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CARINA RIZZO; LORI BRIGHTMAN; ANNE M. CHAPAS; ELIZABETH K. HALE; JULIE L. CANTATORE-FRANCIS; LEONARD J. BERNSTEIN; ROY G. GERONEMUS

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND Laser treatment of childhood hemangiomas remains controversial. Previous studies have used outdated technology, resulting in a potential overrepresentation of adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE To evaluate outcomes of hemangiomas treated with the most current laser technology. METHODS A retrospective chart analysis of 90 patients with a median age of 3.0 months and a total of 105 hemangiomas were enrolled over a

  2. Spinal lobular capillary hemangioma with an intramedullary component.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez, Ricardo; Spears, Julian; Bharatha, Aditya; Munoz, David G

    2014-01-01

    Capillary hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms rarely involving the spinal cord, where their usual location is extramedullary. A 59-year-old man presented with a 7-month history of progressive numbness which began in the left lower extremity and progressed across the lower back, right flank, trunk and into the right lower extremity with associated pressure and pain in his lower back. On magnetic resonance imaging, there was an avidly-enhancing thoracic intradural lesion that contained an extramedullary intradural component posteriorly, with an apparent intramedullary component anteriorly. Laminectomy of T7 - 8 was performed, and intradural exploration revealed a highly vascular-appearing tumor below the arachnoid, which was not completely dissected because it was densely adherent to the spinal cord. The pathological diagnosis was lobular capillary hemangioma with extra- and intramedullary components. We suggest this lesion should be considered in the differential diagnosis of spinal cord tumors with an intramedullary component. PMID:23924752

  3. Hepatitis A

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Abuse Young Adult: 18-21 yrs. Healthy Living Nutrition Fitness Sports Oral Health Emotional Wellness Growing Healthy Safety & Prevention Immunizations Chickenpox Tdap Haemophilus Influenzae Type B (Hib) Hepatitis A (HepA) Hepatitis B (HepB) Human Papillomavirus (HPV) ...

  4. Epithelioid Hemangioma (Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia) in Zosteriform Distribution

    PubMed Central

    Kurihara, Yuichi; Inoue, Hiroyoshi; Kiryu, Hiromaro; Furue, Masutaka

    2012-01-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) or angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign disease. We report an unusual case of EH (ALHE) that arose on the lower back in a zosteriform array. The presence of the characteristic histological appearance of plump endothelial cells with hobnail-like protrusions led to the diagnosis of EH (ALHE). Histological examination of the lesion also revealed the existence of arteriovenous shunts, the possible factor contributing to the pathogenesis of EH (ALHE). PMID:23112366

  5. Epithelioid hemangioma (angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia) in zosteriform distribution.

    PubMed

    Kurihara, Yuichi; Inoue, Hiroyoshi; Kiryu, Hiromaro; Furue, Masutaka

    2012-09-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) or angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign disease. We report an unusual case of EH (ALHE) that arose on the lower back in a zosteriform array. The presence of the characteristic histological appearance of plump endothelial cells with hobnail-like protrusions led to the diagnosis of EH (ALHE). Histological examination of the lesion also revealed the existence of arteriovenous shunts, the possible factor contributing to the pathogenesis of EH (ALHE). PMID:23112366

  6. Photodynamic therapy of choroidal hemangioma: two case reports

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Irene Barbazetto; Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth

    2000-01-01

    Background: Photocoagulation, cryotherapy and radiotherapy have been used to treat angiomatous lesions. Depending on the location of\\u000a the angioma, these treatments can cause additional, significant functional damage. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) however, allows\\u000a a selective occlusion of vascular lesions without damaging adjacent retinal structures.?\\u000a Methods: Two patients with isolated choroidal hemangiomas involving the posterior pole were treated with PDT. Treatments were

  7. [Hemangioma. New aspects of pathogenesis, differential diagnosis and therapy].

    PubMed

    Höger, P H

    2012-02-01

    With a prevalence of 10–12% infantile hemangiomas (IH) represent the most common skin tumor in infancy. They are characterized by a sequence of growth and, in 90%, spontaneous regression. Special manifestations of IH include hemangiomatosis, congenital hemangioma (RICH/NICH), reticular and segmental hemangiomas (PHACE, PELVIS/SACRAL syndrome). The latter represent a transition between vascular tumor and vascular malformation. Important differential diagnoses of IH include pyogenic granuloma (PG) and hemangioendothelioma (HAE) of which PG is a common, benign vascular tumor with a predilection for the facial region and a proneness to bleed whereas HAE is a slowly growing tumor exhibiting infiltrative growth; unlike IH it is associated with the Kasabach-Merritt syndrome of consumptive coagulopathy. The majority of IHs do not require therapy, however, therapy is absolutely indicated for ulcerating or obstructive IH where propranolol is considered the first-line therapy. Non-obstructive facial IH represents a relative indication for therapy. Cryotherapy is most suitable for IH with diameters below 1 cm and a depth < 4 mm. PMID:22349036

  8. Signaling pathways in the development of infantile hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH), which is the most common tumor in infants, is a benign vascular neoplasm resulting from the abnormal proliferation of endothelial cells and pericytes. For nearly a century, researchers have noted that IH exhibits diverse and often dramatic clinical behaviors. On the one hand, most lesions pose no threat or potential for complication and resolve spontaneously without concern in most children with IH. On the other hand, approximately 10% of IHs are destructive, disfiguring and even vision- or life-threatening. Recent studies have provided some insight into the pathogenesis of these vascular tumors, leading to a better understanding of the biological features of IH and, in particular, indicating that during hemangioma neovascularization, two main pathogenic mechanisms prevail, angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. Both mechanisms have been linked to alterations in several important cellular signaling pathways. These pathways are of interest from a therapeutic perspective because targeting them may help to reverse, delay or prevent hemangioma neovascularization. In this review, we explore some of the major pathways implicated in IH, including the VEGF/VEGFR, Notch, ?-adrenergic, Tie2/angiopoietins, PI3K/AKT/mTOR, HIF-?-mediated and PDGF/PDGF-R-? pathways. We focus on the role of these pathways in the pathogenesis of IH, how they are altered and the consequences of these abnormalities. In addition, we review the latest preclinical and clinical data on the rationally designed targeted agents that are now being directed against some of these pathways. PMID:24479731

  9. Signaling pathways in the development of infantile hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Ji, Yi; Chen, Siyuan; Li, Kai; Li, Li; Xu, Chang; Xiang, Bo

    2014-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH), which is the most common tumor in infants, is a benign vascular neoplasm resulting from the abnormal proliferation of endothelial cells and pericytes. For nearly a century, researchers have noted that IH exhibits diverse and often dramatic clinical behaviors. On the one hand, most lesions pose no threat or potential for complication and resolve spontaneously without concern in most children with IH. On the other hand, approximately 10% of IHs are destructive, disfiguring and even vision- or life-threatening. Recent studies have provided some insight into the pathogenesis of these vascular tumors, leading to a better understanding of the biological features of IH and, in particular, indicating that during hemangioma neovascularization, two main pathogenic mechanisms prevail, angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. Both mechanisms have been linked to alterations in several important cellular signaling pathways. These pathways are of interest from a therapeutic perspective because targeting them may help to reverse, delay or prevent hemangioma neovascularization. In this review, we explore some of the major pathways implicated in IH, including the VEGF/VEGFR, Notch, ?-adrenergic, Tie2/angiopoietins, PI3K/AKT/mTOR, HIF-?-mediated and PDGF/PDGF-R-? pathways. We focus on the role of these pathways in the pathogenesis of IH, how they are altered and the consequences of these abnormalities. In addition, we review the latest preclinical and clinical data on the rationally designed targeted agents that are now being directed against some of these pathways. PMID:24479731

  10. Capillary hemangioma of the scrotum mimicking an epididymal tumor: case report.

    PubMed

    Vavallo, Antonio; Lafranceschina, Francesco; Lucarelli, Giuseppe; Bettocchi, Carlo; Ditonno, Pasquale; Battaglia, Michele; Selvaggi, Francesco Paolo

    2014-12-01

    We report a case of capillary hemangioma of the scrotum. A 52-year-old male presented with a left scrotum swelling that had arisen suddenly two months before. Scrotal ultrasound revealed a dishomogeneous mass in the left scrotum. The mass demonstrated blood flow in the color Doppler mode. Scrotal mass excision was performed. Pathological evaluation revealed a capillary hemangioma. PMID:25641482

  11. Intra-thyroidal hemangioma--a rare congenital anomaly: case presentation and literature review.

    PubMed

    Jacobson, Dustin; Nayan, Smriti; Macnay, Ramsay; Maclean, Jonathan

    2014-10-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IH) present and evolve in a predictable way. In certain cases, however, they can be of clinical significance. IHs in the airway can cause significant respiratory distress. We present the first reported case of an intrathyroidal hemangioma to cause significant respiratory distress, which was successfully treated with propranolol and dexamethasone. A review of the literature was also performed. PMID:25130945

  12. A Unique Microvascular Phenotype Shared by Juvenile Hemangiomas and Human Placenta

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paula E. North; Milton Waner; Adam Mizeracki; Robert E. Mrak; Richard Nicholas; Jay Kincannon; James Y. Suen; Martin C. Mihm

    2001-01-01

    Background: Juvenile hemangiomas are common, be- nign tumors, distinctive for their perinatal presenta- tion, rapid growth during the first year of life, and sub- sequent involution. We recently reported that endothelia of hemangiomas highly express GLUT1, a glucose trans- porter normally restricted to endothelia with blood- tissue barrier function, as in brain and placenta. Objective: To investigate possible further similarities

  13. Preoperative Percutaneous Injection of Methyl Methacrylate and N-Butyl Cyanoacrylate in Vertebral Hemangiomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne Cotten; Bernard Cortet; Jean-Paul Lejeune; Xavier Leclerc; Patrick Chastanet; Jacques Clarisse

    PURPOSE: To investigate the usefulness of preoperative percutaneous injections in vertebral hemangiomas. METHODS: Four patients presented with complicated vertebral hemangioma (spi- nal cord compression in three cases, intermittent spinal claudiction in one case). A three-part treatment was performed: initially, arterial embolization in three cases; 1 day later, percutaneous injections of methyl methacrylate into the vertebral body to strengthen it and

  14. Intraosseous Hemangioma of the Skull with Dural Tail Sign: Radiologic Features with Pathologic Correlation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria Politi; Bernd F. M. Romeike; Panagiotis Papanagiotou; Abdullah Nabhan; Tobias Struffert; Wolfgang Feiden; Wolfgang Reith

    Summary: Osseous hemangiomas of the calvaria account for about 0.2% of bone neoplasms. We report a case of an extensive intraosseous cavernous hemangioma in a 46- year-old woman. MR imaging showed a mass in the right frontal bone with intra- and extracranial extension and a dural tail sign after gadopentetate dimeglumine adminis- tration, mimicking a meningioma in which the dural

  15. Spinal cord compression caused by vertebral hemangioma being symptomatic during pregnancy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yilmaz Kiroglu; Berk Benek; Baki Yagci; Bayram Cirak; Kadir Tahta

    2009-01-01

    BackgroundHemangioma is one of the most common benign tumors of the spine, and it remains silent in the vast majority of subjects afflicted. Pregnancy is a known risk factor for symptomatic conversion of the previously silent vertebral hemangiomas. However, the occurrence is rare with only 26 cases reported in the English medical literature.

  16. A practical guide to treatment of infantile hemangiomas of the head and neck

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Jia Wei; Zhang, Ling; Zhou, Qin; Mai, Hua Ming; Wang, Yan An; Fan, Xin Dong; Qin, Zhong Ping; Wang, Xv Kai; Zhao, Yi Fang

    2013-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign vascular tumors in infancy and childhood. As hemangioma could regress spontaneously, it generally does not require treatment unless proliferation interferes with normal function or gives rise to risk of serious disfigurement and complications unlikely to resolve without treatment. Various methods for treating infant hemangiomas have been documented, including wait and see policy, laser therapy, drug therapy, sclerotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery and so on, but none of these therapies can be used for all hemangiomas. To obtain the best treatment outcomes, the treatment protocol should be individualized and comprehensive as well as sequential. Based on published literature and clinical experiences, we established a treatment guideline in order to provide criteria for the management of head and neck hemangiomas. This protocol will be renewed and updated to include and reflect any cutting-edge medical knowledge, and provide the newest treatment modalities which will benefit our patients. PMID:24260591

  17. A practical guide to treatment of infantile hemangiomas of the head and neck.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Jia Wei; Zhang, Ling; Zhou, Qin; Mai, Hua Ming; Wang, Yan An; Fan, Xin Dong; Qin, Zhong Ping; Wang, Xv Kai; Zhao, Yi Fang

    2013-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign vascular tumors in infancy and childhood. As hemangioma could regress spontaneously, it generally does not require treatment unless proliferation interferes with normal function or gives rise to risk of serious disfigurement and complications unlikely to resolve without treatment. Various methods for treating infant hemangiomas have been documented, including wait and see policy, laser therapy, drug therapy, sclerotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery and so on, but none of these therapies can be used for all hemangiomas. To obtain the best treatment outcomes, the treatment protocol should be individualized and comprehensive as well as sequential. Based on published literature and clinical experiences, we established a treatment guideline in order to provide criteria for the management of head and neck hemangiomas. This protocol will be renewed and updated to include and reflect any cutting-edge medical knowledge, and provide the newest treatment modalities which will benefit our patients. PMID:24260591

  18. Noncontiguous lumbar vertebral hemangiomas treated by posterior decompression, intraoperative kyphoplasty, and segmental fixation.

    PubMed

    Yu, Bin; Wu, Desheng; Shen, Bin; Zhao, Weidong; Huang, Yufeng; Zhu, Jianguang; Qi, Dongduo

    2014-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas are benign lesions and are often asymptomatic. Most vertebral hemangiomas that cause cord compression and neurological symptoms are located in the thoracic spine and involve a single vertebra. The authors report the rare case of lumbar hemangiomas in a 60-year-old woman presenting with severe back pain and rapidly progressive neurological signs attributable to 2 noncontiguous lesions. After embolization of the feeding arteries, no improvement was noted. Thus, the authors performed open surgery using a combination of posterior decompression, intraoperative kyphoplasty, and segmental fixation. The patient experienced relief from back and leg pain immediately after surgery. At 3 months postoperatively, her symptoms and neurological deficits had improved completely. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first description of 2 noncontiguous extensive lumbar hemangiomas presenting with neurological symptoms managed by such combined treatment. The combined management seems to be an effective method for treating symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas. PMID:24236666

  19. Hepatic Encephalopathy

    PubMed Central

    Bleibel, Wissam; Al-Osaimi, Abdullah M. S.

    2012-01-01

    Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis affect hundreds of millions of patients all over the world. The majority of patients with cirrhosis will eventually develop complications related to portal hypertension. One of these recurrent and difficult to treat complications is hepatic encephalopathy. Studies have indicated that overt hepatic encephalopathy affects 30 to 45% of patients with cirrhosis and a higher percentage may be affected by minimal degree of encephalopathy. All of these factors add to the impact of hepatic encephalopathy on the healthcare system and presents a major challenge to the gastroenterologist, hospitalist and primary care physician. PMID:23006457

  20. Sacroplasty for symptomatic sacral hemangioma: a novel treatment approach. A case report.

    PubMed

    Agarwal, V; Sreedher, G; Weiss, K R; Hughes, M A

    2013-06-01

    Painful vertebral body hemangiomas have been successfully treated with vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. Sacral hemangiomas are uncommon and as such painful sacral hemangiomas are rare entities. We report what we believe is only the second successful treatment of a painful sacral hemangioma with CT-guided sacroplasty. A 56-year-old woman with a history of right-sided total hip arthroplasty and lipoma excision presented to her orthopedic surgeon with persistent right-sided low back pain which radiated into her buttock and right groin and hindered her ability to walk and perform her activities of daily living. MRIs of the thoracic spine, lumbar spine and pelvis showed numerous lesions with imaging characteristics consistent with multiple hemangiomas including a 2.2×2.1 cm lesion involving the right sacrum adjacent to the right S1 neural foramen. Conservative measures including rest, physical therapy, oral analgesics and right-sided sacroiliac joint steroid injection did not provide significant relief. Given her lack of improvement and the fact that her pain localized to the right sacrum, the patient underwent CT-guided sacroplasty for treatment of a painful right sacral hemangioma. Under CT fluoroscopic guidance, a 10 gauge introducer needle was advanced through the soft tissues of the back to the margin of the lesion. Biopsy was then performed and after appropriate preparation, cement was then introduced through the needle using a separate cement filler cannula. Appropriate filling of the right sacral hemangioma was visualized using intermittent CT fluoroscopy. After injection of approximately 2.5 cc of cement, it was felt that there was near complete filling of the right sacral hemangioma. With satisfactory achievement of cement filling, the procedure was terminated. Pathology from biopsy taken at the time of the procedure was consistent with hemangioma. Image-guided sacroplasty with well-defined endpoints is an effective, minimally invasive and safe procedure. Patients with painful sacral hemangiomas can be treated with this technique with no significant complications. PMID:23693051

  1. Hepatic Encephalopathy

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... is a condition that causes temporary worsening of brain function in people with advanced liver disease. When ... travel through your body until they reach your brain, causing mental and physical symptoms of HE. Hepatic ...

  2. Hepatitis A.

    PubMed

    Matheny, Samuel C; Kingery, Joe E

    2012-12-01

    Hepatitis A is a common viral illness worldwide, although the incidence in the United States has diminished in recent years as a result of extended immunization practices. Hepatitis A virus is transmitted through fecal-oral contamination, and there are occasional outbreaks through food sources. Young children are usually asymptomatic, although the likelihood of symptoms tends to increase with age. Most patients recover within two months of infection, although 10 to 15 percent of patients will experience a relapse in the first six months. Hepatitis A virus does not usually result in chronic infection or chronic liver disease. Supportive care is the mainstay of treatment. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend routine vaccination of all children 12 to 23 months of age, as well as certain vulnerable populations. Hepatitis A vaccine is also recommended for most cases of postexposure prophylaxis, although immunoglobulin is an acceptable alternative in some situations. PMID:23198670

  3. Delta agent (Hepatitis D)

    MedlinePLUS

    Hepatitis D virus ... Hepatitis D virus (HDV) is found only in people who carry the hepatitis B virus. HDV may make a ... B virus but who never had symptoms. Hepatitis D infects about 15 million people worldwide. It occurs ...

  4. Pure Spinal Epidural Cavernous Hemangioma with Intralesional Hemorrhage: A Rare Cause of Thoracic Myelopathy

    PubMed Central

    Jang, Donghwan; Kim, Choonghyo; Lee, Seung Jin; Ryu, Young-Joon

    2014-01-01

    Although cavernous hemangiomas occur frequently in the intracranial structures, they are rare in the spine. Most of spinal hemangiomas are vertebral origin and "pure" epidural hemangiomas not originating from the vertebral bone are very rare. Our spinal hemangioma case is extremely rare because of its "pure" epidural involvement and intralesional hemorrhage. A 64-year-old man presented with progressive paraparesis from two months ago. His motor weakness was rated as grade 4/5 in bilateral lower extremities. He also complained of decreased sensation below the T4 sensory dermatome, which continuously progressed to the higher dermatome level. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated thoracic spinal tumor at T3-T4 level. The tumor was located epidural space compressing thoracic spinal cord ventrally. The tumor was not involved with the thoracic vertebral bone. We performed T3-5 laminectomy and removed the tumor completely. The tumor was not infiltrating into intradural space or vertebral bone. The histopathologic study confirmed the epidural tumor as cavernous hemangioma. Postoperatively, his weakness improved gradually. Four months later, his paraparesis recovered completely. Here, we present a case of pure spinal epidural cavernous hemangioma, which has intralesional hemorrhage. We believe cavernous hemangioma should be included in the differential diagnosis of the spinal epidural tumors. PMID:25110490

  5. Large capillary hemangioma of the temporal bone with a dural tail sign: A case report

    PubMed Central

    YANG, GUANG; LI, CHENGUANG; CHEN, XIN; LIU, YAOHUA; HAN, DAYONG; GAO, XIN; KAWAMOTO, KEIJI; ZHAO, SHIGUANG

    2014-01-01

    The present study reports a rare case of large capillary hemangioma of the temporal bone with a dural tail sign. A 57-year-old female presented with pulsatile tinnitus and episodic vertigo associated with a ten-year history of an intermittent faint headache. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass in the right petrous bone, which was hypointense on T1-weighted images and heterogeneously hyperintense on T2-weighted images, and showed a dural tail sign following gadolinium administration. Pre-operatively, this tumor was believed to be a meningioma. During surgery, the vascular tumor was removed by a modified pterional approach. A histopathological examination indicated that the tumor was a capillary hemangioma. Although intraosseous capillary hemangiomas are rare, they most frequently affect the temporal bone. Hemangiomas of the temporal bone may mimic other more common basal tumors. The diagnosis is most often made during surgical resection. The dural tail sign is not specific for meningioma, as it also occurs in other intracranial or extracranial tumors. The treatment of intratemporal hemangiomas is complete surgical excision, with radiotherapy used for unresectable lesions. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the fourth case of intraosseous intracranial capillary hemangioma, but the largest intratemporal hemangioma to be reported in the literature to date. PMID:24959241

  6. External and intralesional photocoagulation of hemangioma in children with infrared diode laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abushkin, Ivan A.; Privalov, Valery A.; Lappa, Alexander V.; Besshtanko, Evgeny L.

    2005-08-01

    Infra-red diode laser with wavelength 1060 nm was used for combined treatment of 163 children aged from 21 days to 13 years with 221 hemangiomas. For interstitial coagulation a power of 1.8-2 W and a power density of 5-90 J/cm3 were used in continuous mode. For distant coagulation pulse mode was applied with pulse/pause duration 30-50/200-250 ms, average power 1.3-2 W, and power density 65-450 J/cm2. 197 (89.1 %) hemangiomas were capillary, 7 (3.2 %) cavernous, and 17 (7.7 %) combined (combination of capillary and cavernous hemangiomas). The area of hemangiomas ranged from 6 mm2 to 48 cm2. For the majority (193, 87.3 %) of hemangiomas one session of photocoagulation was enough to achieve a good cosmetic effect. However, 28 (12.7 %) hemangiomas were treated repeatedly, 11 (5%) of them needed 4-7 sessions. In 8 children with cavernous and combined hemangiomas both distant and interstitial laser coagulation were used. In all, good or excellent results were obtained in 96,3 % of the patients. In 6 (3.7%) patients with extensive combined hematomas the considerable improvement was achieved.

  7. Pure spinal epidural cavernous hemangioma with intralesional hemorrhage: a rare cause of thoracic myelopathy.

    PubMed

    Jang, Donghwan; Kim, Choonghyo; Lee, Seung Jin; Ryu, Young-Joon; Kim, Jiha

    2014-06-01

    Although cavernous hemangiomas occur frequently in the intracranial structures, they are rare in the spine. Most of spinal hemangiomas are vertebral origin and "pure" epidural hemangiomas not originating from the vertebral bone are very rare. Our spinal hemangioma case is extremely rare because of its "pure" epidural involvement and intralesional hemorrhage. A 64-year-old man presented with progressive paraparesis from two months ago. His motor weakness was rated as grade 4/5 in bilateral lower extremities. He also complained of decreased sensation below the T4 sensory dermatome, which continuously progressed to the higher dermatome level. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated thoracic spinal tumor at T3-T4 level. The tumor was located epidural space compressing thoracic spinal cord ventrally. The tumor was not involved with the thoracic vertebral bone. We performed T3-5 laminectomy and removed the tumor completely. The tumor was not infiltrating into intradural space or vertebral bone. The histopathologic study confirmed the epidural tumor as cavernous hemangioma. Postoperatively, his weakness improved gradually. Four months later, his paraparesis recovered completely. Here, we present a case of pure spinal epidural cavernous hemangioma, which has intralesional hemorrhage. We believe cavernous hemangioma should be included in the differential diagnosis of the spinal epidural tumors. PMID:25110490

  8. Epithelioid Hemangioma of Lingual Alveolar Mucosa: An Immunohistochemical Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Nangia, Rajat; Puri, Abhiney; Gupta, Rakhi; Bansal, Sucheta; Chauhan, Isha

    2014-01-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma is a rare benign vascular lesion that presents as a nodular lesion in the skin of head and neck region. It is a superficial vascular entity which can either be due to tumor or reactive lesion, but the exact etiology is still unknown. We hereby present a rare case which has been reported with the history of small nodular-like growth on mandibular buccal and lingual area. The excisional biopsy was performed and tissue was submitted for histopathological diagnosis. The immunohistochemistry was performed to check the expression of CD31 marker which proved that origin of epithelioid cells was vascular. PMID:24715910

  9. Management of infantile hemangiomas : current and potential pharmacotherapeutic approaches.

    PubMed

    Craiglow, Brittany G; Antaya, Richard J

    2013-04-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IH), benign vascular neoplasms, are the most common tumors of infancy and childhood. Most IH are medically insignificant; however, a proportion will require treatment because of interference with vital structures, threat of significant disfigurement, ulceration, or bleeding. This article reviews current and potential pharmacotherapeutic approaches to the treatment of IH. While corticosteroids have long been considered the mainstay of medical therapy for IH, several new treatments have recently emerged, the most promising of which is oral propranolol. Topical timolol and imiquimod are additional new therapies that may also prove to be effective, particularly for the treatment of superficial IH. PMID:23456550

  10. Retroperitoneal lobular capillary hemangioma with synchronous ipsilateral renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Brandel, David W; Al-Hawary, Mahmoud M; Wasnik, Ashish P

    2014-10-01

    Lobular capillary hemangiomas (LCH) are acquired benign vascular tumors of skin and mucosal spaces of head and neck. Very few cases of LCH have been reported in the abdomen, predominantly occurring as mucosal polyps in the bowel. We present CT imaging features of solitary retroperitoneal LCH in a patient with synchronous ipsilateral renal cell carcinoma and review the available literature and imaging features in abdominal and extra-abdominal LCH. To our knowledge, there is no other case of retroperitoneal LCH available in the English literature. PMID:25237004

  11. Aggressive vertebral hemangioma as a rare cause of myelopathy.

    PubMed

    Sari, Hidayet; Uludag, Murat; Akarirmak, Ulku; Ornek, Nurettin Irem; Gun, Kerem; Gulsen, Fatih

    2014-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) are common lesions in the adult population. They are usually asymptomatic and found incidentally on radiological imaging. New-onset back pain followed by subacute progression of thoracal myelopathy is the most common presentation in patients with neurological deficit. Differential diagnoses would include metastasis, multiple myeloma, lymphoma, Paget disease, osseous tumors such as Ewing sarcoma or hemangioblastoma and blood dyscrasia. We present a 41 year-old-male patient with thoracal VH causing myelopathy that completely improved after rehabilitation program with embolization and vertebroplasty procedures. PMID:23948851

  12. Hemangioma of the Maxillary Sinus Presenting as a Mass: CT and MR Features

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Won Sang; Yoo, Chang Young; Park, Yong-Jin; Ihn, Yon Kwon

    2015-01-01

    Hemangiomas of the sinonasal tract are rare, and because these lesions lack the typical signs or symptoms, they can be confused with other malignant conditions. We report a case of cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus in a 68-year-old man that was completely resected by endoscopic sinus surgery. Although computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed several enhancing areas within the tumor, the substantial bone erosion and remodeling made it difficult to differentiate this cavernous hemangioma from other expansile maxillary sinus lesions. We present the CT and MR findings of this lesion and discuss the differential diagnoses and potential therapeutic approaches. PMID:25901262

  13. Urinary Bladder Hemangioma –A Rare Urinary Bladder Tumor in a Child

    PubMed Central

    Sanklecha, Vandana; Valand, Arvind

    2015-01-01

    Urinary bladder hemangiomas are rare, accounting for 0.6% of the urinary bladder tumors. Hemangioma is considered arising from embryonic stem cells of an angioblastic lineage. A 3-year old boy presented with hematuria. He had past operative history of excision of extensive lymphatic malformation involving retroperitoneum, pelvis and upper thigh. Computed tomography scan of abdomen and pelvis with contrast revealed a large soft tissue mass arising from the dome of the bladder. Partial cystectomy was done. Histopathology confirmed the mass as cavernous hemangioma of urinary bladder. PMID:25628995

  14. Urinary bladder hemangioma -a rare urinary bladder tumor in a child.

    PubMed

    Jibhkate, Shubhangi; Sanklecha, Vandana; Valand, Arvind

    2015-01-01

    Urinary bladder hemangiomas are rare, accounting for 0.6% of the urinary bladder tumors. Hemangioma is considered arising from embryonic stem cells of an angioblastic lineage. A 3-year old boy presented with hematuria. He had past operative history of excision of extensive lymphatic malformation involving retroperitoneum, pelvis and upper thigh. Computed tomography scan of abdomen and pelvis with contrast revealed a large soft tissue mass arising from the dome of the bladder. Partial cystectomy was done. Histopathology confirmed the mass as cavernous hemangioma of urinary bladder. PMID:25628995

  15. Unusual Features in an Adult Pancreatic Hemangioma: CT and MRI Demonstration

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Mei

    2013-01-01

    Hemangiomas in the pancreas are very rare and only a few cases in adulthood have been reported in the literature. We describe a case of pancreatic hemangiomas in an adult with unique imaging findings. A 23-year-old woman visited the hospital for an incidentally detected pancreatic mass. CT and MRI revealed a multilocular cyst with fluid-fluid levels and no obvious enhancement. The patient underwent surgery and the mass was confirmed as a pancreatic hemangioma. The radiological features and differential diagnosis of this rare lesion are discussed. PMID:24043972

  16. Complementary role of SPECT in the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma of the liver

    SciTech Connect

    Tumeh, S.S.; English, R.J.; Holman, B.L.

    1985-12-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of the liver. Although their clinical course is usually uncomplicated, an accurate diagnosis may be important to exclude conditions that need treatment, (or to avoid an unnecessarily risky percutaneous biopsy). Although blood pool scintigraphy using planar gamma camera imaging is a reliable examination for the diagnosis of liver hemangiomas, it may fail to depict small, deeply seated lesions, and hence miss the diagnosis. Two cases are reported in which SPECT demonstrated delayed pooling in small, deep, space-occupying lesions, which were poorly seen on planar images, and therefore made a cavernous hemangioma the most likely diagnosis.

  17. Hepatic Artery Pseudoaneurysm with Extrahepatic Biliary Obstruction

    PubMed Central

    Shiraishi, Manabu; Takahashi, Masaya; Yamaguchi, Atsushi; Adachi,, Hideo

    2012-01-01

    Hepaticartery pseudoaneurysms are a rare complication of chronic pancreatitis. However, giant pseudoaneurysms (80?mm) and complicated biliary obstructions are extremely rare. This article reports a 75?year-old man with chronic pancreatitis that presented as upper abdominal pain and obstructive jaundice. Computed tomography revealed a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm measuring 80 × 72 × 70?mm. We performed aneurysm resection and common hepatic artery bypass, using a great saphenous vein graft in the patient. The postoperative course was uneventful, and he was discharged on the 10th postoperative day. However, on the 135th postoperative day, he died of massive hemorrhage into the peritoneal cavity. PMID:23555497

  18. [Hepatitis A].

    PubMed

    Pereira, Fausto E L; Gonçalves, Carlos S

    2003-01-01

    Hepatitis A infection is known since the ancient Chinese, Greek and Roman civilizations but the first documented report was published in the eighteenth century. The hepatovirus belongs to the Picornaviridae family, and carries a single strand RNA. There are 7 genotypes. Antibodies of the IgM and IgA classes, during natural infections, appear early in the serum, together with the first clinical manifestations of the disease, but they may also appear at the end of the first week of infection. There is a spectrum of clinical presentation: asymptomatic infection, symptomatic without jaundice and symptomatic jaundiced. A rare fatal form of hepatitis has been described. Diagnosis of the hepatitis A infection is confirmed by the finding of IgM anti-HAV antibodies, routinely performed using an ELISA test. Treatment is supportive. Intramuscular anti-A gamma globulin is used for passive immune prophylaxis, and there is an efficient vaccine for active immune prophylaxis. PMID:12908041

  19. Hepatitis C

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Patient Education Institute

    This patient education program explains Hepatitis C, the liver and Hepatitis, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, risk factors, and prevention. This is a MedlinePlus Interactive Health Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine, designed and developed by the Patient Education Institute. NOTE: The tutorial requires a special Flash plug-in, version 4 or above. If you do not have Flash, you will be prompted to obtain a free download of the software before you start the tutorial. You will also need an Acrobat Reader, available as a free download, in order to view the Reference Summary.

  20. [The advance of ?-blockers in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas].

    PubMed

    Lin, Ting-ting; He, Yan-jin

    2013-12-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IH) is the most common benign tumour in early infancy.IH often grows under skins and subcutaneous tissues around head and neck, but it is not rare in ophthalmologic clinical work.IH in the eyelids, orbit and other organs, characterized by their very rapid growth, can cause severe complications, including ptosis and translocation of eyeball. Periocular IH might cause serious visual loss through induction of strabismic, deprivational or anisometropic astigmatism.Visceral organ involvement may become life-threatening. Patients need to be treated immediately in these scenarios. Conventional treatments for IH include the use of corticosteroids, sclerosing agents, interferon, vincristine, etc., which had some side effects and also not effective to all IH.Recently, many specialized clinics reported the impressive effect of ?-blockers, mainly propranolol, in the treatment of IH. Although IH is not among the approved indications for ?-blockers, propranolol is still recommended as the first line treatment for IH. They acted as vasoconstrictors, regulating angiogenic pathways and inducing apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells. This review covered the current understanding of the indications, mechanism of action, dose regimen, administration route, treatment duration, clinical response, and adverse effects of ?-blockers in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas. PMID:24499701

  1. Multiple Intraosseous Calvarial Hemangiomas Mimicking Metastasis from Renal Cell Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Malde, Rohit; Moss, Tim; Malcolm, George; Whittlestone, Tim; Bahl, Amit

    2008-01-01

    Renal cell carcinomas are known to metastasise to the bones in the form of lytic lesions. However, not all osteolytic lesions in patients with renal cell carcinoma are metastatic in nature. The report describes the case of a 68-year old lady who was diagnosed with a renal cell carcinoma 3 and half years back and treated with radical nephrectomy along with excision of an inferior vena cava tumour thrombus. The tumour was completely excised and she remained disease free till date. Subsequently, multiple lytic lesions were detected incidentally on the cranial vault, which on biopsy demonstrated intraosseous hemangioma. Though it is well known that renal cell carcinomas can metastasise to the bones in the form lytic lesions, it is important for clinicians to remember a few other differentials, one of which would be an intraosseous hemangioma, which is a benign pathology. Many times patients would be treated as having metastatic disease merely on radiological findings. In this case report, there was a high index of radiological suspicion for metastases, however establishing diagnosis by biopsy prevented overtreatment in this instance. PMID:18604286

  2. Diode laser photocoagulation in PHACES syndrome hemangiomas: a case series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Romeo, U.; Russo, N.; Polimeni, A.; Favia, G.; Lacaita, M. G.; Limongelli, L.; Franco, S.

    2014-01-01

    PHACES syndrome is a pediatric syndrome with cutaneous and extra-cutaneous manifestations, such as Posterior fossa defects, Hemangiomas, Arterial lesions, Cardiac abnormalities/aortic coarctation, Eye abnormalities and Sternal cleft. Facial hemangiomas affect the 75% of patients and may arise on the oral mucosa or perioral cutaneous regions. In this study we treated 26 Intraoral Haemangiomas (IH) and 15 Perioral Haemangiomas (PH) with diode laser photocoagulation using a laser of 800+/-10nm of wavelength. For IH treatment an optical fiber of 320 ?m was used, and the laser power was set ted at 4 W (t-on 200 ms / t-off 400ms; fluence: 995 J/cm2). For PH treatment an optical fiber of 400 ?m at the power of 5 W was used (t-on 100 ms / t-off 300 ms; fluence: 398 J/cm2). IH healed after one session (31%), the other (69%) after two sessions of Laser therapy. In each session, only a limited area of the PH was treated, obtaining a progressive improvement of the lesion. Diode laser photocoagulation is an effective option of treatment for IH and PH in patients affected by PHACE because of its minimal invasiveness. Moreover laser photocoagulation doesn't have side effects and can be performed repeatedly without cumulative toxicity. Nevertheless, more studies are required to evaluate the effectiveness of the therapy in mid and long time period.

  3. Intramuscular hemangioma presenting with multiple phleboliths: a case report.

    PubMed

    Zengin, A Zeynep; Celenk, Peruze; Sumer, A Pinar

    2013-01-01

    A rare case of intramuscular hemangioma of the masseter muscle with multiple phleboliths is described, highlighting features evident in plain radiography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A 21-year-old woman presented with a complaint of swelling of the right masseter muscle. A plain radiograph from the soft tissue of the right cheek showed a large number of round, target-like radiopacities that varied in size. Ultrasound revealed a lobulated cystic lesion in the right masseter muscle with increased echogenicity. MRI showed a space-occupying lesion in the right masseter muscle, which was isointense on T1-weighted image close to the muscle tissue and hyperintense on T2-weighted image, containing fields with no signal septations. A plain soft tissue radiograph can demonstrate phleboliths and aid in the diagnosis of an intramuscular hemangioma. In addition, nonionized techniques such as ultrasound and MRI can provide useful information to clinicians regarding the location of calcifications and the structure of masses. PMID:23217548

  4. Boundary Giant Magnons and Giant Gravitons

    E-print Network

    A. Ciavarella; P. Bowcock

    2010-11-04

    We construct the full set of boundary giant magnons on $\\mathbb{R}\\times S^{2}$ attached to the maximal $Z=0$ giant graviton by mapping from the general solution to static sine-Gordon theory on the interval and compute the values of $\\Delta-J$ at finite $J$, including the leading order corrections when $J$ is large. We then consider the Born-Infeld theory of the giant graviton itself to construct BIon spike solutions that correspond to the world volume description of the boundary giant magnons at finite $J$.

  5. What Is Giant Cell Arteritis?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Sun Eye Health News Consumer Alerts What Is Giant Cell Arteritis? Tweet Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an inflammation (swelling) of ... because it affects the head (cranium). What Is Giant Cell Arteritis? Giant Cell Arteritis Symptoms Who Is ...

  6. Contact radiotherapy of cutaneous hemangiomas: therapeutic effects and radiation sequelae in 818 patients.

    PubMed

    Braun-Falco, O; Schultze, U; Meinhof, W; Goldschmidt, H

    1975-10-29

    The paper presents statistical data on the therapeutic effects and radiation sequelae following Chaoul contact therapy of 818 cutaneous hemangiomas treated between 1938 and 1952. 73.3% of all irradiated hemangiomas showed initial improvement but complete involution with an excellent cosmetic result was observed in only 50% of lesions 5 years after treatment. During the same period of time, more than one-third of all patients developed mild to moderate cutaneous radiation sequelae (hyper- or hypopigmentation and telangiectases, rarely atrophy). The high incidence of late radiation effects is probably relation to the high total doses administered in this series of patients, the very short intervals between treatments and the age of the patients. Other radiation radiation hazards are also discussed. Since large studies have proven conclusively that spontaneous involution occurs in 95% of hemangiomas after several years, indications for radiotherapy of hemangiomas are extremely limited. PMID:1200703

  7. Topical Treatment for Orbital Capillary Hemangioma in an Adult Using a ?-Blocker Solution

    PubMed Central

    Ohnishi, Ken; Tagami, Mizuki; Morii, Eiichi; Azumi, Atsushi

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To report a case of orbital capillary hemangioma in an adult who was successfully treated with topical timolol maleate 0.5% solution. Methods Case report. Results A 43-year-old female presented both superficial and deep orbital capillary hemangioma. Topical timolol maleate was applied twice daily. The superficial lesions have nearly disappeared after 1 year of treatment. The deeper lesions have also been reduced in size according to MRI. Conclusion We report an adult patient with a relatively large orbital capillary hemangioma who was successfully treated with a topical ?-blocker solution. This treatment might be applicable for orbital capillary hemangiomas, regardless of the patient's age, because of its effectiveness and safety. PMID:24707274

  8. Acute fatal upper airway obstruction from an occult cavernous hemangioma of the larynx.

    PubMed

    Kiho, Liina; Byard, Roger W

    2015-01-01

    A 42-year-old previously well man collapsed while holding his throat. Resuscitation was unsuccessful, and at autopsy, the most significant findings were limited to the larynx, pharynx, and anterior mediastinum where there were multinodular dark blue tumors. Within the larynx, the lower border of the tumor was well demarcated, not extending beyond the vocal cords. A separate large polypoidal tumor mass was attached to the right aryepiglottic fold by a thin fibrous stalk. Histologic examination revealed numerous large, thin-walled cavernous-type vascular spaces typical of a multifocal cavernous hemangioma. Death was due to asphyxiation from obstruction of the upper airways by a cavernous hemangioma of the larynx. Adult laryngeal hemangiomas are rare and are usually supraglottic. This case demonstrates that pedunculated laryngeal cavernous hemangiomas may remain occult until the initiation of an obstructive episode with sudden collapse and death. In such instances, the diagnosis must rely upon an autopsy examination. PMID:25131533

  9. Thoracic vertebral hemangioma causing paraplegia in Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome: case report.

    PubMed

    Okutan, Ozerk; Yildirim, Timur; Isik, Serdar; Gokce, Berna; Saygili, Bar?s; Konakli, Ethem Bes

    2013-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas are the most common tumours of the vertebral column. Generally, these tumours are asymptomatic but some patients complain of back pain and develop neurologic symptoms due to extraosseous extension. Vertebral hemangiomas can extend extradurally causing neurological impairment as a result of compression of the spinal cord and nerve roots. Vertebral hemangiomas may be multiple and detectable as a component of the Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome. Although this syndrome consists of deep venous thrombosis, lymphatic anomalies, cutaneous capillary malformations, and hypertrophy of soft tissue and bone on extremities, its clinical presentation may be very variable. We present a unique case of vertebral hemangioma causing spinal cord compression due to the extradural extension that also had deep venous thrombosis, hematuria, hypophyseal cyst and ventricle asymmetry, diagnosed as the Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome. PMID:24101274

  10. Lumbar vertebral hemangioma mimicking lateral spinal canal stenosis: case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Syrimpeis, Vasileios; Vitsas, Vasileios; Korovessis, Panagiotis

    2014-03-01

    Context Hemangiomas are the commonest benign tumors of the spine. Most occur in the thoracolumbar spine and the majority are asymptomatic. Rarely, hemangiomas cause symptoms through epidural expansion of the involved vertebra, resulting in spinal canal stenosis, spontaneous epidural hemorrhage, and pathological burst fracture. Findings We report a rare case of a 73-year-old woman, who had been treated for two months for degenerative neurogenic claudication. On admission, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomographic scans revealed a hemangioma of the third lumbar vertebra protruding to the epidural space producing lateral spinal stenosis and ipsilateral nerve root compression. The patient underwent successful right hemilaminectomy for decompression of the nerve root, balloon kyphoplasty with poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) and pedicle screw segmental stabilization. Postoperative course was uneventful. Conclusion In the elderly, this rare presentation of spinal stenosis due to hemangiomas may be encountered. Decompression and vertebral augmentation by means balloon kyphoplasty with PMMA plus segmental pedicle screw fixation is recommended. PMID:24090267

  11. Lumbar vertebral hemangioma mimicking lateral spinal canal stenosis: Case report and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Syrimpeis, Vasileios; Vitsas, Vasileios; Korovessis, Panagiotis

    2014-01-01

    Context Hemangiomas are the commonest benign tumors of the spine. Most occur in the thoracolumbar spine and the majority are asymptomatic. Rarely, hemangiomas cause symptoms through epidural expansion of the involved vertebra, resulting in spinal canal stenosis, spontaneous epidural hemorrhage, and pathological burst fracture. Findings We report a rare case of a 73-year-old woman, who had been treated for two months for degenerative neurogenic claudication. On admission, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomographic scans revealed a hemangioma of the third lumbar vertebra protruding to the epidural space producing lateral spinal stenosis and ipsilateral nerve root compression. The patient underwent successful right hemilaminectomy for decompression of the nerve root, balloon kyphoplasty with poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) and pedicle screw segmental stabilization. Postoperative course was uneventful. Conclusion In the elderly, this rare presentation of spinal stenosis due to hemangiomas may be encountered. Decompression and vertebral augmentation by means balloon kyphoplasty with PMMA plus segmental pedicle screw fixation is recommended. PMID:24090267

  12. Hepatitis A

    MedlinePLUS

    ... have to be hospitalized? Will I have permanent liver damage? Source Hepatitis A by SC Brundage M.D., M.P.H. and AN Fitzpatrick, M.P.H. (American Family Physician June 15, 2006, http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060615/2162.html) Written by familydoctor.org editorial ...

  13. Transforming giants.

    PubMed

    Kanter, Rosabeth Moss

    2008-01-01

    Large corporations have long been seen as lumbering, inflexible, bureaucratic--and clueless about global developments. But recently some multinationals seem to be transforming themselves: They're engaging employees, moving quickly, and introducing innovations that show true connection with the world. Harvard Business School's Kanter ventured with a research team inside a dozen global giants--including IBM, Procter & Gamble, Omron, CEMEX, Cisco, and Banco Real--to discover what has been driving the change. After conducting more than 350 interviews on five continents, she and her colleagues came away with a strong sense that we are witnessing the dawn of a new model of corporate power: The coordination of actions and decisions on the front lines now appears to stem from widely shared values and a sturdy platform of common processes and technology, not from top-down decrees. In particular, the values that engage the passions of far-flung workforces stress openness, inclusion, and making the world a better place. Through this shift in what might be called their guidance systems, the companies have become as creative and nimble as much smaller ones, even while taking on social and environmental challenges of a scale that only large enterprises could attempt. IBM, for instance, has created a nonprofit partnership, World Community Grid, through which any organization or individual can donate unused computing power to research projects and see what is being done with the donation in real time. IBM has gained an inspiring showcase for its new technology, helped business partners connect with the company in a positive way, and offered individuals all over the globe the chance to contribute to something big. PMID:18271317

  14. Sclerosing cavernous hemangioma of the cavernous sinus mimicking congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles.

    PubMed

    Gesite-de Leon, Bhambi; Demer, Joseph L

    2014-06-01

    A girl with a clinical presentation suggestive of unilateral congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles type 3 at 2 years of age years later developed progressive ophthalmoplegia and an afferent pupillary defect. Reimaging revealed a lesion diagnosed as a sclerosing cavernous sinus hemangioma with focal calcification. Cavernous sinus hemangioma is a rare, benign vascular malformation whose growth causes cranial nerve compression. Although frequently missed on routine neuroimaging, characteristic radiologic findings distinguish it from lesions such as meningioma. PMID:24751811

  15. Congenital myofibroma masquerading as an ulcerated infantile hemangioma in a neonate.

    PubMed

    Friedman, Ben J; Shah, Kara N; Taylor, Jesse A; Rubin, Adam I

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of a solitary infantile myofibroma masquerading as an ulcerated infantile hemangioma. Infantile myofibroma is a rare soft tissue tumor that has a good prognosis in the solitary form. It may be difficult to distinguish clinically from more common tumors of infancy such as an infantile hemangioma or from other rare entities and therefore requires a biopsy for definitive diagnosis. PMID:22276856

  16. Hemangioma of the scrotal septum: a rare entity in infants with review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Tarun; Vaughan, Richard; Dangle, Pankaj P

    2012-01-01

    Hemagiomas are most common tumors in infancy; however, scrotal septum hemangiomas are very rare with only 45 cases reported in the literature. We report a case of a 6-month-old child who presented with a scrotal mass at birth which had increased in size with age. A scrotal ultrasound with color doppler analysis, revealed a soft tissue mass with diffusely increased blood flow. Scrotal mass excision was performed and the pathology confirmed a capillary hemangioma. PMID:22872962

  17. Pain pattern in multiple vertebral hemangiomas involving non-adjacent levels: report of two cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. S. Korres; Th. Karachalios; N. Roidis; K. Bargiotas; K. Stamos

    2000-01-01

    Hemangioma of the bone is a benign tumor usually involving the spine and the bones of the skull and pelvis. It may be either\\u000a a single lesion or part of a generalized multifocal disease. Multiple lesions involving non-adjacent vertebrae are rare. Two\\u000a cases of multiple vertebral hemangiomas at non-adjacent levels with different pain patterns are presented at various stages\\u000a of

  18. Hemangioma of the thoracic spine involving multiple adjacent levels: case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Blankstein; R Spiegelmann; I Shacked; E Schinder; A Chechick

    1988-01-01

    An unusual case of hemangioma involving three adjacent dorsal vertebrae with a clinical picture of progressive paraparesis is presented.Radiological verification of the lesion can be expected if possible, using plain X-Rays, tomography, CT scan and myelography. The roentgenographic appearances of vertebral hemangioma were characteristic, but only CT revealed the true extent of the disease.Reports of such a case have appeared

  19. Acute spinal cord compression due to intraspinal bleeding from a vertebral hemangioma: two case-reports

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Castel; J. Y. Lazennec; J. Chiras; E. Enkaoua; G. Saillant

    1999-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas can cause acute spinal cord compression either after a minor trauma or during the last 3 months of\\u000a pregnancy. Failure to recognize the lesion can lead to potentially serious treatment delays. An emergency MRI scan usually\\u000a establishes the diagnosis of vertebral hemangioma responsible for spinal cord compression requiring laminectomy. We report\\u000a two cases showing that posterior fixation should

  20. Multilevel vertebral hemangiomas: two episodes of spinal cord compression at separate levels 10 years apart

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oguz Karaeminogullari; Cengiz Tuncay; Huseyin Demirors; Kayihan Akin; Orcun Sahin; Ayhan Ozyurek; Nevzat Reha Tandogan

    2005-01-01

    This case report presents a 66-year-old woman with multiple vertebral hemangiomas causing spinal cord compression at different levels with a long symptom-free interval between episodes of compression. She presented with back pain and progressive weakness and numbness in her lower limbs for 3 months. Ten years earlier, she had had a symptomatic T4 vertebral hemangioma operated successfully, and had made a

  1. Surgery for giant primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the liver.

    PubMed

    Sotiropoulos, Georgios C; Charalampoudis, Petros; Delladetsima, Ioanna; Stamopoulos, Paraskevas; Dourakis, Spyridon; Kouraklis, Gregory

    2014-04-01

    Liver resection for primary hepatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (phNEC) has only scarcely been reported in the literature. We herein report on a 19-year-old female with a solitary 27?×?13-cm-big phNEC, which was initially considered as hemangioma. An extended right hepatectomy (segments V-VIII, partially IVa) was performed. Resection margins were free of tumor (R0 resection). Ki67 expression was 35%. Postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged on the seventh postoperative day. Two years after surgery, the patient remains disease-free and in good general condition. Large series and longer follow-up studies are required for the better understanding on this rare tumor entity. PMID:24146337

  2. Giant Cell Arteritis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... polymyalgia rheumatica (also called PMR). What is giant cell arteritis? GCA is a type of vasculitis or ... right away to their doctors. What causes giant cell arteritis? As with PMR, the cause of GCA ...

  3. Giant Cell Arteritis

    MedlinePLUS

    Giant cell arteritis is a disorder that causes inflammation of arteries of the scalp, neck, and arms. It narrows ... arteries, which keeps blood from flowing well. Giant cell arteritis often occurs with another disorder called polymyalgia ...

  4. Giant Axonal Neuropathy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... What is Giant Axonal Neuropathy? Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is a rare inherited genetic disorder that affects ... peripheral nervous systems. The majority of children with GAN will begin to show symptoms of the disease ...

  5. Grizzly Giant Tree

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    This giant sequoia is named the Grizzly Giant, the oldest sequoia tree in the Mariposa Grove of Big Trees, located within Yosemite National Park. It is believed to be between 1,900 and 2,400 years old. ...

  6. Preliminary Report On Combined Surgical- And Laser-Treatment Of Large Hemangiomas And Tattoos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ginsbach, G.

    1981-05-01

    As most hemangiomas and tattoos require many sessions to be cured completely by argon-laser or conventional therapy I developed a new combined surgical and laser-therapy method for large hemangiomas and tattoos. This is a three step method. First: The skin lesion is treated by argon-laser with the point by point method, developed by ourself. Second: Under local or general anaesthesia a) the hemangioma is partially excised and undermined letting only the skin which is already treated by argon-laser-beams. Than the hemangioma is exstirpated in toto, the wound closed by running intradermal sutures and a pressure bandage applied, b) the tattoo is abraded as deep as possible, draped by lyofoam. Then a pressure bandage is applied. Third: The hemangioma as well as the tattoo are treated by argon-laser-beams after the operation. This method is safe and effective, gives good results, minimal scars in the case of hemangiomas and tattoos. In this paper the method is described and some cases are illustrated by pre- and postoperational photographs.

  7. A pure epidural spinal cavernous hemangioma - with an innocuous face but a perilous behaviour!!

    PubMed

    A L, Hemalatha; T, Ravikumar; Chamarthy, Neelima P; Puri, Kunal

    2013-07-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas occur frequently in the intracranial structures but they are rare in the spine, with an incidence of 0.22 cases/million/year, which account for 5 - 12% of the spinal vascular lesions, 51% of which are extradural. Most of the epidural hemangiomas are secondary extensions from the vertebral lesions. The spinal cavernous hemangiomas which do not involve the vertebrae are referred to as "pure" types. The pure epidural hemangiomas are rare, which account for only 4% of all the epidural lesions. A case of a Pure spinal epidural cavernous hemangioma in a 50 year old male, with the clinical picture of a slowly progressive compressive myelopathy, has been presented here. The imaging studies showed a well-defined, enhancing epidural lesion at the T7 - T8 level, with dorsal cordedema and myelomalacic changes. A radiological diagnosis of a meningioma was considered. Histopathologically, the lesion was diagnosed as a hemangioma. The patient improved dramatically after the excision of the lesion. PMID:23998084

  8. Giant impacts on giant planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Pater, Imke

    2014-10-01

    The 2009 impact and recent superbolides on Jupiter caught the world by surprise and cast doubt on impactor flux estimates for the outer solar system. Enhanced amateur planetary imaging techniques yield both high spatial resolution (enabling the 2009 impact debris field detection) and rapid frame rates (enabling the 2010/2012 impact flash detections and lightcurve measurements).We propose a ToO program to image future impacts on Jupiter and Saturn. To remove the possibility of impact cloud non-detections, the program will be triggered only if an existing impact debris field is seen, an object on a collision course with Jupiter or Saturn is discovered, or an impact light curve is measured with an estimated total energy large enough to generate an impact cloud in a giant planet atmosphere (10^20 J).HST provides the only way to image these events in the ultraviolet, providing information on aerosol altitudes and on smaller particles that are less visible to ground-based infrared observations. High-resolution imaging with proper timing (not achievable from the ground) is required to measure precisely both the velocity fields of impact sites and the optical spectrum of impact debris. HST observations of past impacts on Jupiter have also served both as cornerstones of science investigations at other wavelengths and as vehicles for effective public outreach.Large outer solar system impacts are governed by the same physics as in the terrestrial events that dominate the impact threat to humans. Studying the behavior of impactors of various sizes and compositions, as they enter the atmosphere at varying angles and speeds, will better quantify terrestrial impact hazards.

  9. Giant impacts on giant planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Pater, Imke

    2012-10-01

    The 2009 impact on Jupiter caught the world by surprise and cast doubt on impactor flux estimates for the outer solar system. Enhanced amateur planetary imaging techniques yield both high spatial resolution {enabling the 2009 impact debris field detection} and rapid frame rates {enabling the 2010 impact flash detections and lightcurve measurements}.We propose a Target of Opportunity program to image future impacts on Jupiter and Saturn. To remove the possibility of impact cloud non-detections, the program will be triggered only if an existing impact debris field is seen, an object on a collision course with Jupiter or Saturn is discovered, or an impact light curve is measured with an estimated total energy large enough to generate an impact cloud in a giant planet atmosphere.HST provides the only way to image these events in the ultraviolet, providing information on aerosol altitudes and on smaller particles that are less visible to ground-based infrared observations. High-resolution imaging with proper timing {not achievable from the ground} is required to measure precisely both the velocity fields of impact sites and the optical spectrum of impact debris. HST observations of past impacts on Jupiter have also served both as cornerstones of science investigations at other wavelengths and as vehicles for effective public outreach.Large outer solar system impacts are governed by the same physics as in the terrestrial events that dominate the impact threat to humans. Studying the behavior of impactors of various sizes and compositions, as they enter the atmosphere at varying angles and speeds, will better quantify terrestrial impact hazards.

  10. Giant impacts on giant planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Pater, Imke

    2013-10-01

    The 2009 impact and recent superbolides on Jupiter caught the world by surprise and cast doubt on impactor flux estimates for the outer solar system. Enhanced amateur planetary imaging techniques yield both high spatial resolution {enabling the 2009 impact debris field detection} and rapid frame rates {enabling the 2010/2012 impact flash detections and lightcurve measurements}.We propose a ToO program to image future impacts on Jupiter and Saturn. To remove the possibility of impact cloud non-detections, the program will be triggered only if an existing impact debris field is seen, an object on a collision course with Jupiter or Saturn is discovered, or an impact light curve is measured with an estimated total energy large enough to generate an impact cloud in a giant planet atmosphere {10^20 J}.HST provides the only way to image these events in the ultraviolet, providing information on aerosol altitudes and on smaller particles that are less visible to ground-based infrared observations. High-resolution imaging with proper timing {not achievable from the ground} is required to measure precisely both the velocity fields of impact sites and the optical spectrum of impact debris. HST observations of past impacts on Jupiter have also served both as cornerstones of science investigations at other wavelengths and as vehicles for effective public outreach.Large outer solar system impacts are governed by the same physics as in the terrestrial events that dominate the impact threat to humans. Studying the behavior of impactors of various sizes and compositions, as they enter the atmosphere at varying angles and speeds, will better quantify terrestrial impact hazards.

  11. Hepatitis B virus (image)

    MedlinePLUS

    Hepatitis B is also known as serum hepatitis and is spread through blood and sexual contact. It is seen ... This photograph is an electronmicroscopic image of hepatitis B virus particles. (Image courtesy of the Centers for ...

  12. A retrospective study to classify surgical indications for infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Lee, Andrew H Y; Hardy, Krista L; Goltsman, David; Liou, Peter; Garzon, Maria C; Rohde, Christine H; Wu, June K

    2014-09-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) spontaneously involute, but some leave contour deformities necessitating surgical correction. There is a paucity of data reviewing predictive risk factors associated with a need for surgery to guide clinicians when counseling parents. Patients undergoing IH resection by a single surgeon from August 2004 to August 2011 were reviewed to determine patient (age, gender, birth history) and IH characteristics (size, location) associated with surgical intervention. Data were compared to published data from the Hemangioma Investigator Group (HIG). Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t-test, odds ratio, and logistic regression analysis. Out of 196 referred patients, 112 underwent surgery. There was a female preponderance (3.5:1). Two-thirds of patients (64.9%) first presented to the surgeon at ?2 years of age, but most underwent surgery between 2 and 3 years (52.7%; average lag time, 11 months). 18 patients underwent surgery at ?1 year of age. IH patients with preterm birth history had increased risk for needing surgical intervention (odds ratio 2.124, CI 1.31-3.44; p < 0.0012). A majority (84.7%) of resected IHs were located on the head or neck, significantly higher than the distribution from the HIG data (62.2%; p < 0.0001). Resected head and neck IHs were smaller than those below the neck (average, 8.85 cm(2) vs. 22.35 cm(2), p = 0.017). Preterm birth is associated with higher risk for requiring surgical intervention. IHs on the head and neck are more likely to be removed when compared to those below the neck, and at a smaller size threshold. PMID:24923525

  13. Propranolol treatment of infantile hemangioma endothelial cells: A molecular analysis

    PubMed Central

    STILES, JESSICA; AMAYA, CLARISSA; PHAM, ROBERT; ROWNTREE, REBECCA K.; LACAZE, MARY; MULNE, ARLYNN; BISCHOFF, JOYCE; KOKTA, VICTOR; BOUCHERON, LAURA E.; MITCHELL, DIANNE C.; BRYAN, BRAD A.

    2012-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are non-malignant, largely cutaneous vascular tumors affecting approximately 5–10% of children to varying degrees. During the first year of life, these tumors are strongly proliferative, reaching an average size ranging from 2 to 20 cm. These lesions subsequently stabilize, undergo a spontaneous slow involution and are fully regressed by 5 to 10 years of age. Systemic treatment of infants with the non-selective ?-adrenergic receptor blocker, propranolol, has demonstrated remarkable efficacy in reducing the size and appearance of IHs. However, the mechanism by which this occurs is largely unknown. In this study, we sought to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the effectiveness of ? blocker treatment in IHs. Our data reveal that propranolol treatment of IH endothelial cells, as well as a panel of normal primary endothelial cells, blocks endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and formation of the actin cytoskeleton coincident with alterations in vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2), p38 and cofilin signaling. Moreover, propranolol induces major alterations in the protein levels of key cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, and modulates global gene expression patterns with a particular affect on genes involved in lipid/sterol metabolism, cell cycle regulation, angiogenesis and ubiquitination. Interestingly, the effects of propranolol were endothelial cell-type independent, affecting the properties of IH endothelial cells at similar levels to that observed in neonatal dermal microvascular and coronary artery endothelial cells. This data suggests that while propranolol markedly inhibits hemangioma and normal endothelial cell function, its lack of endothelial cell specificity hints that the efficacy of this drug in the treatment of IHs may be more complex than simply blockage of endothelial function as previously believed. PMID:23170111

  14. Integrated imaging of hepatic tumors in childhood. Part II. Benign lesions (congenital, reparative, and inflammatory)

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, J.H.; Greenspan, B.S.

    1985-01-01

    The authors have encountered benign liver masses as frequently as malignant lesions in children with hepatomegaly. Lesions studied included abscesses, cavernous hemangioma/hemangioendothelioma, adenoma of glycogen storage disease, choledochal cysts, focal nodular hyperplasia, cystic hepatoblastoma, and hamartoma. An intergrated imaging protocol involving ultrasound, computed tomography, and scintigraphy proved to be more helpful than any one modality in establishing the benign or malignant nature of a hepatic neoplasm and the type of tumor, which is of particular importance when surgical exploration and/or biopsy is contraindicated.

  15. Soft tissue hemangioma with osseous extension: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Daoud, Alexander; Olivieri, Brandon; Feinberg, Daniel; Betancourt, Michel; Bockelman, Brian

    2015-04-01

    Soft tissue hemangiomas are commonly encountered lesions, accounting for 7-10 % of all benign soft tissue masses (Mitsionis et al. J Foot Ankle Surg 16(2):27-9, 2010). While the literature describes the great majority of hemangiomas as asymptomatic and discovered only as incidental findings, they do have the potential to induce reactive changes in neighboring structures (Pastushyn et al. Surg Neurol 50(6):535-47, 1998). When these variants occur in close proximity to bone, they may elicit a number of well-documented reactive changes in osseous tissue (Mitsionis et al. J Foot Ankle Surg 16(2):27-9, 2010; DeFilippo et al. Skelet Radiol 25(2):174-7, 1996; Ly et al. AJR Am J Roentgenol 180(6):1695-700, 2003; Sung et al. Skelet Radiol 27(4):205-10, 1998). However, instances of direct extension into bone by soft tissue hemangiomas--that is, infiltration of the mass's vascular components into nearby osseous tissue--are currently undocumented in the literature. In these cases, imaging plays an important role in differentiating hemangiomas from malignant lesions (Mitsionis et al. J Foot Ankle Surg 16(2):27-9, 2010; Sung et al. Skelet Radiol 27(4):205-10, 1998; Pourbagher, Br J Radiol 84(1008):1100-8, 2011). In this article, we present such a case that involved the sacral spine. Imaging revealed a soft tissue mass with direct extension of vascular components into osseous tissue of the adjacent sacral vertebrae. Biopsy and subsequent histopathologic examination led to definitive diagnosis of soft tissue hemangioma. While MRI is widely regarded as the gold standard imaging modality for evaluating hemangiomas, in this report we describe how CT can aid in narrowing the differential diagnosis when one encounters a vascular lesion with adjacent osseous changes. Furthermore, we review the literature as it pertains to the imaging of soft tissue hemangiomas that occur in proximity to osseous tissue, as well as correlate this case to current theories on the pathogenesis of hemangiomas. Radiologists should be aware that benign soft tissue hemangiomas demonstrate a spectrum of imaging findings, including aggressive-appearing changes to adjacent bone. PMID:25267263

  16. Hepatic angiomyolipomas: ultrasonic characteristics of 25 patients from a single center.

    PubMed

    Wang, Baohua; Ye, Zhengdu; Chen, Yan; Zhao, Qiyu; Huang, Min; Chen, Fen; Li, Yanyuan; Jiang, Tian'an

    2015-02-01

    Twenty-five pathologically proven hepatic angiomyolipomas (AMLs) were included in the study. Ultrasonic features of hepatic AMLs were reviewed. Three types of echogenicity were observed on ultrasound examination: (i) strong hyper-echogenicity, (ii) moderate hyper-echogenicity and (iii) hypo-echogenicity. Vascular signals within tumors could be detected in 22 (88.00%) tumors as multiple punctiform, filiform or dendriform signals by color Doppler flow imaging. Based on the enhancement patterns in the arterial, portal and late phases, the features of hepatic AMLs on contrast-enhanced ultrasound were divided into four subtypes: (i) "fast in slow out" (68.00%, n = 17); (ii) "fast in same out" (16%, n = 4); (iii) "fast in fast out" (12.00%, n = 3); and (iv) "fast in uneven out" (4.00%, n = 1). Contrast-enhanced ultrasound diagnosed 22 (88.00%) tumors as benign tumors and 13 (52.00%) as hepatic AMLs. Four cases were misdiagnosed as hepatic hemangioma, five cases as focal nodular hyperplasia (total = 36.00%). The rate of correct diagnosis of hepatic AMLs increased significantly from 24.00% for ultrasound alone to 52.00% for contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Therefore, information obtained from ultrasound, color Doppler flow imaging and contrast-enhanced ultrasound should be combined to improve diagnosis. PMID:25542497

  17. Low Concentration of Rapamycin Inhibits Hemangioma Endothelial Cell Proliferation, Migration, and Vascular Tumor Formation in Mice

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Ningning; Ding, Xudong; Jahan, Rabita

    2014-01-01

    Background Vascular endothelial cell excessive proliferation is the main biological behavior of hemangioma. Rapamycin regulates the growth of endothelial cells by inhibiting mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Thus hemangioma accompanied by excessive mTOR activation should be sensitive to rapamycin. We aimed to illustrate the effect of low-concentration rapamycin on hemangioma and provide a safe and effective drug therapy. Methods Mouse hemangioendothelioma endothelial cells and Nu/Nu mice were used. Rapamycin was applied in a concentration from 1 nM to 20 nM. WST-1 cell proliferation and transwell migration assays were used to analyze vascular tumor proliferation and migration in vitro. Xenograft mouse models were used to test vascular tumor growth in vivo. Results Low-concentration rapamycin (1 nM) inhibited hemangioendothelioma endothelial cell proliferation and migration in vitro and vascular tumor growth in vivo. The mechanism was decreased activation of the protein kinase B/mTOR/S6 ribosomal protein (S6) signaling pathway. Conclusions Rapamycin used in vitro was analogous to low serum concentration rapamycin (7–16 nM) and also significantly inhibited the growth of hemangioma. These results demonstrate a low-toxic drug therapy for hemangioma and encourage continued development of rapamycin and its analogs for use in vascular tumor therapy. PMID:25408787

  18. Cellular markers that distinguish the phases of hemangioma during infancy and childhood.

    PubMed Central

    Takahashi, K; Mulliken, J B; Kozakewich, H P; Rogers, R A; Folkman, J; Ezekowitz, R A

    1994-01-01

    Hemangiomas, localized tumors of blood vessels, appear in approximately 10-12% of Caucasian infants. These lesions are characterized by a rapid proliferation of capillaries for the first year (proliferating phase), followed by slow, inevitable, regression of the tumor over the ensuing 1-5 yr (involuting phase), and continual improvement until 6-12 yr of age (involuted phase). To delineate the clinically observed growth phases of hemangiomas at a cellular level, we undertook an immunohistochemical analysis using nine independent markers. The proliferating phase was defined by high expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, type IV collagenase, and vascular endothelial growth factor. Elevated expression of the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase, TIMP 1, an inhibitor of new blood vessel formation, was observed exclusively in the involuting phase. High expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and urokinase was present in the proliferating and involuting phases. There was coexpression of bFGF and endothelial phenotypic markers CD31 and von Willebrand factor in the proliferating phase. These results provide an objective basis for staging hemangiomas and may be used to evaluate pharmacological agents, such as corticosteroids and interferon alfa-2a, which accelerate regression of hemangiomas. By contrast, vascular malformations do not express proliferating cell nuclear antigen, vascular endothelial growth factor, bFGF, type IV collagenase, and urokinase. These data demonstrate immunohistochemical differences between proliferating hemangiomas and vascular malformations which reflect the biological distinctions between these vascular lesions. Images PMID:7911127

  19. Photodynamic therapy suppresses tumor growth in an in vivo model of human hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Choi, Jaehoon; Kim, Woo Jung; Park, Sang Woo; Xu, Lianji; Kim, Sang-Hyon; Min, Hye Sook; Kwon, Geun-Yong; Cho, Chung-Hyun; Kim, Sukwha; Choi, Tae Hyun

    2014-01-01

    The authors investigated the efficacy of photodynamic therapy against infantile hemangioma using a hemangioma animal model. Eighty-three hemangioma specimens from five children were implanted into nude mice. The gross and volume changes of the implants were evaluated for up to 13 weeks. The histological change of the implant was evaluated at 5 weeks after transplantation. Photodynamic therapy was performed between 6 and 10 weeks after transplantation. The photosensitizer uptake of the implant was evaluated at 24 h after photosensitizer administration. The implant response was evaluated at 0, 12, and 24 h after light delivery. The change in ATF3 levels, a transcription factor induced under severe hypoxic conditions, was investigated immediately after treatment. The implant volume increased slowly during the first 4 weeks and then involuted. At 5 weeks after transplantation, plump endothelial cells formed tightly packed sinusoidal channels, and the endothelial cells were positive for CD31 and GLUT1 expression. At 24 h after photosensitizer administration, confocal analysis showed that the photosensitizer was present within CD31-positive cells. The implant volume was significantly decreased in the treated implants compared with the untreated implants (p < 0.0001). At 24 h after light delivery, most cells had collapsed. ATF3 expression increased gradually and then reached a maximum level at 4 h after treatment. Photodynamic therapy was effective in the treatment of infantile hemangioma. Apoptosis, a major mechanism of hemangioma destruction in the early phase, might be caused by ischemic injury as well as direct effects of photodynamic therapy. PMID:23784382

  20. Angiosarcoma Arising in a Patient with a 10-Year-Old Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Nathenson, Michael J.; Molavi, Diana; Aboulafia, Albert

    2014-01-01

    The transformation of a benign hemangioma into a malignant angiosarcoma has been rarely reported, with only 11 cases reported in the literature. There have been no reports of malignant transformation of hemangioma into angiosarcoma in association with epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, to our knowledge. The existence of precursor malignancies in the tumorigenesis of sarcomas is still not clearly defined. We describe the case of a 40-year-old woman with a preceding history of a suspected hemangioma for ten years, who upon resection was found on histology to have evidence of a hemangioma with an associated area of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma as well as areas of overt high grade epithelioid angiosarcoma. These findings raise the possibility of the evolution of hemangioma to epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, and the latter to overt angiosarcoma. The patient was managed as having a high grade sarcoma with wide resection and radiation. She declined systemic adjuvant chemotherapy after a thorough discussion about the risks and benefits of chemotherapy, and she currently remains disease free one year after the surgery. PMID:25692058

  1. Assessment of soft tissue hemangiomas in children utilizing Tc-99m labelled red blood cells

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, J.H.

    1984-01-01

    Hemangiomas may present in infancy as soft tissue masses. Occasionally these lesions may be extensive or may not be clinically recognized as a hemangioma, often causing concern for the presence of a malignant lesion. In later childhood these lesions, which may be occult, may cause overgrowth of an extremity. Evaluation of soft tissue masses suspected of being a hemangioma utilizing Technetium 99m labelled red blood cells has been very valuable. This method allows a dynamic evaluation of first pass blood flow. Subsequent static scintiphotos allow an assessment of the lesion itself. These scintiphotos may be obtained sequentially to evaluate therapy. Twenty patients were evaluated by this method ranging in age from two months to eleven years. There were 13 females and seven males. Lesions evaluated by this method include six hemangiomas of the head and neck: parotic region (2), facial (3), and tongue (1). Extremity lesions were evaluated in six children including both upper extremity (1) and lower extremity (5). Torso lesions evaluated include chest wall (2), abdominal wall (2), and one hemangioma of the gut. This procedure is quickly performed on an outpatient basis, has high anatomic resolution, provides and assessment of these lesions in a manner not available by any other imaging procedure and usually requires no sedation. The radiation exposure for this procedure is low (approximately, a 400mR total body dose) and has been well tolerated by both patients and their parents. Scintigraphic evaluation should be the first diagnostic method utilized in the evaluation of these lesions.

  2. Surgical management of symptomatic T8 vertebral hemangioma: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Tucer, Bulent; Ekici, Mehmet Ali; Menku, Ahmet; Koc, Rahmi Kemal; Guclu, Bulent

    2013-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas are benign vascular lesions of the vertebral column; only 0.9-1.2% of all vertebral hemangiomas cause spinal cord compression. We report a 34-year-old female who was admitted to the neurosurgery clinic with a history of back pain, poor quality of life and easy fatigability for 1.5 years. Her medical history revealed a fall from a height of 2 meters 1.5 years ago. Neurology examination revealed bilateral hypoesthesia below the T8 level and hyperactive deep tendon reflexes in her left leg. Computed tomography scan of the thoracic spine showed T8 vertebral hemangioma, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a T8 hemangioma compressing the spinal cord. Surgical intervention was planned and T8 total laminectomy was performed. The tumor extending into the anterior spinal cord was resected, and T8 vertebroplasty with short segment posterior stabilization and fusion was performed. We aimed to present a new treatment approach for symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas and reviewed the relevant literature. PMID:24101319

  3. Pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leslie Zieve

    1987-01-01

    METABOLIC ALTERATIONS IN HEPATIC FAILURE A multitude of changes in metabolic processes occurs with hepatic failure. It is therefore particularly important to distinguish between correlations and causes when considering the pathogenesis of hepatic coma. The etiology appears to be multifactorial. First, to be considered a causative factor, an abnormality must be consistently present when hepatic encephalopathy is present. Second, creation

  4. Autoimmune hepatitis.

    PubMed

    Mieli-Vergani, Giorgina; Vergani, Diego

    2011-06-01

    Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an inflammatory liver disease that mainly affects females. It is characterized histologically by interface hepatitis, biochemically by increased aspartate and alanine aminotransferase levels, and serologically by the presence of autoantibodies and increased levels of immunoglobulin G. AIH affects both adults and children, and is particularly aggressive in the latter group. It is a relatively rare but devastating disease, which progresses rapidly unless immunosuppressive treatment is started promptly. With appropriate treatment 80% of patients achieve remission and long-term survival. Those patients who progress to end-stage liver disease because they are unresponsive or nonadherent to treatment, and those with fulminant liver failure (encephalopathy grade II-IV) at diagnosis, require liver transplantation. Seropositivity for smooth muscle and/or antinuclear antibodies defines type 1 AIH, while positivity for liver kidney microsomal type 1 antibodies defines type 2 AIH. The primary cause of AIH is unknown; however, considerable knowledge about the mechanisms of liver damage involved has been gathered over the past 30 years, which is likely to provide the basis for specific modes of treatment and a possible cure. PMID:21537351

  5. Gigantic Cavernous Hemangioma of the Liver Treated by Intra-Arterial Embolization with Pingyangmycin-Lipiodol Emulsion: A Multi-Center Study

    SciTech Connect

    Zeng Qingle; Li Yanhao; Chen Yong [Nanfang Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (China); Ouyang Yong [Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region's Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (China); He Xiang; Zhang Heping [Huai He Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (China)

    2004-09-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the therapeutic effect and safety of pingyangmycin-lipiodol emulsion (PLE) intra-arterial embolization for treating gigantic cavernous hemangioma of the liver (CHL).Methods: Three hospitals (Nanfang Hospital, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region's Hospital and Huai He Hospital) participated in the study during 1997-2001. A total of 98 patients with CHL were embolized with PLE via the hepatic artery. The therapeutic effects including changes in tumor diameter, symptomatic improvement and occurrence of complications were evaluated for a period of 12 months after the procedure.Results: The tumor diameters decreased significantly from 9.7 {+-} 2.3 cm to 5.6 {+-} 1.6 cm 6 months after the treatment (P < 0.01), and then to 3.0 {+-} 1.2 cm at 12 months (P < 0.01). Transient impairment of liver function was found in 77 cases after embolization, 69 cases of which returned to normal in 2 weeks, and the other eight cases of which recovered 1 month later. The clinical symptoms were significantly relieved in all 53 symptomatic patients. Persistent pain in the hepatic region was found in two cases, and these two patients resorted to surgery eventually.Conclusion: Intra-arterial PLE embolization proves to be effective and safe in treating patients with CHL.

  6. Endonasal endoscopic approach for removal of intraorbital cavernous hemangioma in childhood.

    PubMed

    Re, Massimo; Tarchini, Paolo; Gioacchini, Federico M; Pasquini, Ernesto

    2014-09-12

    Background: orbital cavernous hemangiomas are the most common primary benign orbital tumors in adults. Although a rudimentary lesion may be present at birth, cavernous hemangiomas do not usually become symptomatic until the third to fifth decade of life and lesions occurring in pediatric age are quite rare. Surgical treatment is indicated in symptomatic cases, and surgical approach is planned according to the localization of the tumor in the orbit. Methods and Results: we decribed the first case of pediatric intraorbital extraconal cavernous hemangioma, treated successfully by a pure endoscopic endonasal approach and demonstrated the minimal invasiveness of this approach, without skin incision and neurovascular retraction. Review of the literature, surgical technique, pitfalls, and differences from previous reports are discussed. Conclusions: endoscopic transnasal approaches can now be considered as an alternative option to traditional external approaches in the management of medial and inferior orbital lesions in childhood. Head Neck, 2014. PMID:25214061

  7. Neonatal Intestinal Perforation—A Rare Complication of Small Bowel Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Shukri, Nasser; Amara, Ridha; Malik, Shakeel; Taher, Hanan; Kilany, Mansour

    2013-01-01

    Intestinal perforation is an extremely rare complication of hemangioma of the small intestine in the neonatal period. This is a case report of a 27-days-old male infant who presented with signs and symptoms of acute intestinal obstruction. Exploratory laparotomy findings revealed intestinal perforation due to solitary hemangioma in the ileum, which led to obstruction from peritoneal reaction and adhesions. There are two reported cases in the literature presenting with ileal perforation in the pediatric age group, but only one previous report mentioned in the neonatal period. Because there are other more common causes of perforation in the neonatal period, intestinal hemangioma in spite of its rarity should be included in the differential diagnosis.

  8. Ultrasound in assessing the efficacy of propranolol therapy for infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Shi, Huijuan; Song, Hongbin; Wang, Jianjun; Xia, Li; Yang, Jing; Shang, Yuanyuan; Zhou, Hui

    2014-11-01

    This study was aimed at assessing the efficacy of propranolol treatment in infantile hemangiomas (IHs) by ultrasound. Thirty-one patients with IHs were administered propranolol and were assessed by ultrasound before treatment, 3 mo after treatment and at the end of treatment. Longitudinal and transverse diameters, as well as thickness of hemangiomas measured by clinical observation differed significantly (p < 0.05) from measurements obtained by ultrasound. Ultrasound also revealed that longitudinal and transverse diameters, thickness, vascular density, blood flow velocity (arterial and venous) and arterial peak systolic blood flow velocity of hemangiomas were significantly decreased (p < 0.05) after treatment compared with before treatment. The resistive index and systolic/diastolic blood flow velocity in IHs were significantly higher (p < 0.05) after treatment than before treatment. In conclusion, ultrasound can evaluate the efficacy of propranolol at the termination of therapy. PMID:25220276

  9. Successful treatment with propranolol in a patient with a segmental hemangioma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Küpeli, Serhan; Cimen, Derya; Küpeli, Begül Ya?c?

    2012-06-01

    The treatment of hemangiomas in infancy may be associated with significant morbidity. In addition to morbidity, an objective response cannot be obtained because of the absence of targeted therapeutic options. Herein, we present an infant with a segmental hemangioma and marked glucocorticoid toxicity due to prior steroid therapy that was successfully treated with propranolol. Propranolol was tolerated well and no side effects were observed during the treatment. The only problem to occur was disease recurrence following the withdrawal of propranolol at age 13 months, which was not within the age of spontaneous regression (generally considered as >18 months). PMID:24744649

  10. Generalized enchondromatosis with unusual complications of soft tissue calcifications and hemangiomas

    SciTech Connect

    Kaibara, N.; Katsuki, I.; Hotokebuchi, T.; Takagishi, K.; Mitsuyasu, M.

    1982-03-01

    Generalized enchondromatosis is a newly delineated type of enchondromatosis. Radiographically there are multiple enchondromata in almost all metaphyses of the long and short tubular bones and the lesions are in almost the same stage of development with mild platyspondyly and skull deformity. The pelvic changes are characteristic and, together with the metaphyseal changes of the long and short tubular bones, are probably diagnostic of this disorder. The present case demonstrates advanced radiographic features of this disorder associated with unusual soft tissue calcifications and hemangiomas. The presence of hemangiomas in our case as well as three cases in the literature suggests this feature is more than a coincidence.

  11. Evaluation of hemangiomas with technetium 99m-labeled RBCs: the perfusion-blood pool mismatch

    SciTech Connect

    Front, D. (Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel); Israel, O.; Joachims, H.; Brown, Y.; Eliachar, I.

    1983-03-18

    A case report is presented of a woman with a tumor mass in the nasopharynx. Early and delayed scintigraphy with Technetium 99m-labeled RBCs showed a large area of increased uptake which was later shown to be a hemangioma by contrast angiography. The perfusion-blood pool mismatch observed in hemangiomas is characteristic of these lesions and has not been described in any other abnormalities. The Tc-RBC using both early and delayed scintigraphy is a simple, noninvasive method for assessing the vascular characteristics of these tumors. (JMT)

  12. Management of right atrial hemangioma in a patient with antithrombin deficiency.

    PubMed

    Kitahara, Hiroto; Kudo, Mikihiko; Okamoto, Kazuma; Inaba, Yu; Sasaki, Aya; Shimizu, Hideyuki

    2015-03-01

    Hereditary antithrombin (AT) deficiency is an autosomal dominant inheritance disorder. Patients with AT deficiency have a high risk of thromboembolism, and intraoperative cardiopulmonary bypass management is difficult. We present the case of a 53-year-old man who was diagnosed with AT deficiency and who underwent an open heart operation for a right atrial hemangioma. We administered AT-III concentrate perioperatively to maintain his AT-III level up to 80% to establish cardiopulmonary bypass and prevent thromboembolic events postoperatively. The right atrial hemangioma was successfully excised after right atriotomy. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and was discharged on postoperative day 14. PMID:25742857

  13. "Hot" vertebra on (18)F-FDG PET scan: a case of vertebral hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Nakayama, Michihiro; Okizaki, Atsutaka; Ishitoya, Shunta; Aburano, Tamio

    2012-12-01

    An F-FDG-PET with CT scan was performed to stage a tongue cancer, revealing the hypermetabolic region in the thoracic vertebra. This corresponded to a benign lesion seen on MRIs and CT.Although these findings suggested a vertebral hemangioma, "hot" vertebra in FDG-PET was atypical. The final diagnosis was confirmed capillary hemangioma by the scopic biopsy and this lesion was no change at 1 year later.Careful interpretation of metabolic (FDG-PET) and anatomic (CT and MRI) images should be performed to accurately characterize the foci of increased FDG uptake. PMID:23154481

  14. Thoracic extraosseous, epidural, cavernous hemangioma: Case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Manish S; Borkar, Sachin A; Kumar, Amandeep; Sharma, M C; Sharma, Bhawani S; Mahapatra, Ashok K

    2013-07-01

    A 40-year-old male presented with mid-thoracic backache and progressive, ascending, spastic, paraparesis for one year. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an extraosseous, extradural mass, without any bone invasion at the T2-T4 vertebral levels, located dorsal to the thecal sac. The spinal cord was compressed ventrally. The lesion was totally excised after a T2-T4 laminectomy. Histopathological examination revealed a cavernous hemangioma. The authors reported this case and reviewed the literature, to explain why extraosseous, extradural, cavernous hemangiomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of extradural thoracic compressive myelopathy. PMID:24250167

  15. Bilateral ovarian capillary hemangioma with stromal luteinization and hyperandrogenism.

    PubMed

    Huang, Richard Sheng Poe; Covinsky, Michael; Zhang, Songlin

    2013-01-01

    A 77-year-old female presented to the outpatient clinic with a six-month history of left lower quadrant abdominal fullness and pressure. Serum levels included free testosterone 3.8 pg/mL (normal 0-1.8 pg/mL) and testosterone 259 ng/dL (normal 3-41 ng/dL). Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis showed bilateral small ovarian cystic masses with marked, progressive enhancement, and restriction of diffusion. Laparoscopic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and showed left and right ovarian hemorrhagic masses measuring 2.1 cm and 0.6 cm respectively. The histology showed benign vascular lesions composed of small capillary vessels with a rim of luteinized stromal cells. The luteinized cells were strongly positive for inhibin A. The endothelial cells were negative for estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of bilateral ovarian hemangioma with stromal luteinization and hyperandrogenism. PMID:24247806

  16. Sex in giant squid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark D. Norman; C. C. Lu

    1997-01-01

    Recent captures of two female giant squid ( Architeuthis ) off southern Australia have provided the first record of a mated female specimen of these almost mythical deepsea creatures. We found sperm packages (spermatophores) embedded within the skin of both ventral arms of the larger of the two specimens. It seems that male giant squids may use their muscular elongate

  17. Giant Sequoia Pinecone

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    A single giant sequoia pinecone rests in the bark of its parent. A large sequoia tree can have several thousand pinecones at a time. Although giant sequoia trees are among the largest trees in the world, their pinecones are comparatively small, usually only 2 inches or so....

  18. Giant Sequoia Pinecone

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    A pinecone of a giant sequoia rests on the forest floor. A large sequoia tree can have several thousand pinecones at a time. Although giant sequoia trees are among the largest trees in the world, their pinecones are comparatively small, usually only 2 inches or so....

  19. Giant Steps in Cefalù

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeffery, David J.; Mazzali, Paolo A.

    2007-08-01

    Giant steps is a technique to accelerate Monte Carlo radiative transfer in optically-thick cells (which are isotropic and homogeneous in matter properties and into which astrophysical atmospheres are divided) by greatly reducing the number of Monte Carlo steps needed to propagate photon packets through such cells. In an optically-thick cell, packets starting from any point (which can be regarded a point source) well away from the cell wall act essentially as packets diffusing from the point source in an infinite, isotropic, homogeneous atmosphere. One can replace many ordinary Monte Carlo steps that a packet diffusing from the point source takes by a randomly directed giant step whose length is slightly less than the distance to the nearest cell wall point from the point source. The giant step is assigned a time duration equal to the time for the RMS radius for a burst of packets diffusing from the point source to have reached the giant step length. We call assigning giant-step time durations this way RMS-radius (RMSR) synchronization. Propagating packets by series of giant steps in giant-steps random walks in the interiors of optically-thick cells constitutes the technique of giant steps. Giant steps effectively replaces the exact diffusion treatment of ordinary Monte Carlo radiative transfer in optically-thick cells by an approximate diffusion treatment. In this paper, we describe the basic idea of giant steps and report demonstration giant-steps flux calculations for the grey atmosphere. Speed-up factors of order 100 are obtained relative to ordinary Monte Carlo radiative transfer. In practical applications, speed-up factors of order ten and perhaps more are possible. The speed-up factor is likely to be significantly application-dependent and there is a trade-off between speed-up and accuracy. This paper and past work suggest that giant-steps error can probably be kept to a few percent by using sufficiently large boundary-layer optical depths while still maintaining large speed-up factors. Thus, giant steps can be characterized as a moderate accuracy radiative transfer technique. For many applications, the loss of some accuracy may be a tolerable price to pay for the speed-ups gained by using giant steps.

  20. Hepatitis B: Information for Parents

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 2014 The best way to protect against hepatitis B is by getting the hepatitis B vaccine. Doctors recommend that all children get the vaccine. Why should my child get the hepatitis B shot? The hepatitis B shot: • Protects your child ...

  1. [Hepatic neoductules].

    PubMed

    Fischer, H P; Meybehm, M; Zhou, H; Schoch, J

    1995-01-01

    Proliferation of preexisting bile ducts, ductular metaplasia of hepatocytes and proliferation and differentiation of liver stem cells are discussed in the pathogenesis of neoductular structures in the liver. Under the condition of experimental bile duct obstruction and in extrahepatic bile duct stenosis neoductular structures are first the result of proliferation and sprouting of preexisting ducts and cholangioles. Especially in later stages of cholestasis but also in other chronic progredient liver diseases such as chronic alcoholic liver disease and chronic active hepatitis periportal hepatocytes may show a phenotypic shift towards ductular epithelia. In postnatal liver diseases hepatocytes first express keratin 7 and later keratin 19 during ductular transdifferentiation. This is in contrast to embryonal cholangiogenesis. In alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency, hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, and chronic active hepatitis B cellular deposites typically located in hepatocytes such as alpha-1-AT, siderin, copper, HBs-Ag, and HBc-Ag can also be found in neoductular cells close to hepatocytes. These deposites seem to be retained during the ductular transdifferentiation of hepatocytes. Expression of bile duct-type integrin subtypes and TGF beta 1 in neoductular cells are involved in the changing parenchymal/mesenchymal interplay during neoductogenesis, resulting in periductular basal membrane and periductular fibrosis. In FNH the ductular transdifferentiation of hepatocytes is integrated in the histogenesis of micronodules and portal tract equivalents of these tumor-like lesions. Ductular structures in hepatoblastomas and especially in combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinomas (CHCC) may reflect the common embryologic derivation of hepatocytes and biliary epithelia. Non-neoplastic liver tissue in resection specimens of our CHCC showed a lower rate of cirrhosis, and a significantly higher Ki 67-LI of neoductular cells compared to liver tissue in resection specimens of HCC and liver metastases. 3 of 10 CHCC had developed in alpha-1-AT-deficiency, in which this protease-inhibitor was predominantly retained in periportal hepatocytes. These findings in non-neoplastic tumor-bearing liver tissue suggest that CHCC include a special histogenic type of primary liver carcinoma which in analogy to some experimental liver tumors might develop from periportal parenchymal cells. PMID:8600693

  2. Infantile Perianal Pyramidal Protrusion with Coexisting Perineal and Perianal Hemangiomas: A Fortuitous Association or Incomplete PELVIS Syndrome?

    PubMed Central

    Verma, Shyam B; Wollina, Uwe

    2014-01-01

    Two cases of infantile perianal pyramidal protrusions (IPPP), one pyramidal in shape and one leaf shaped, are being described by us. Both were notable for coexisting hemangiomas in the close vicinity. To the best of our knowledge we are reporting these two variants of IPPP with the associated neighboring hemangiomas for the first time in Indian dermatologic literature. We suggest that this presentation may be a part of one of the syndromes that comprise anorectal malformations with hemangiomas like PELVIS syndrome and others mentioned in the table. PMID:24470664

  3. A mixed neoplasm of intraosseous hemangioma with an ameloblastoma: a case of collision tumor or a rare variant?

    PubMed

    Jois, Harshvardhan S; Kumar K P, Mohan; Kumar, Mandali Satish; Waghrey, Shefali

    2012-01-01

    Hemangiomas of the head and neck are considered to be benign tumors of infancy that are characterized by a rapid growth phase with endothelial cell proliferation, followed by gradual involution. Central hemangiomas are a rare occurrence and even rarer are the hybrid tumors of central hemangiomas with odontogenic tumors such as ameloblastomas. This paper reports a case of one such hybrid tumor in a middle aged adult clinical presenting as a mandibular swelling with indistinct mixed radiographic presentation and histopathologically comprising of intimately associated hemangiomatous vascular channels and typical ameloblastic areas. To the authors' knowledge this is the sixth case of such a hemangiomatous ameloblastoma which has been reported till date. PMID:24765404

  4. Thermal Giant Gravitons

    E-print Network

    Jay Armas; Troels Harmark; Niels A. Obers; Marta Orselli; Andreas Vigand Pedersen

    2012-08-03

    We study the giant graviton solution as the AdS_5 X S^5 background is heated up to finite temperature. The analysis employs the thermal brane probe technique based on the blackfold approach. We focus mainly on the thermal giant graviton corresponding to a thermal D3-brane probe wrapped on an S^3 moving on the S^5 of the background at finite temperature. We find several interesting new effects, including that the thermal giant graviton has a minimal possible value for the angular momentum and correspondingly also a minimal possible radius of the S^3. We compute the free energy of the thermal giant graviton in the low temperature regime, which potentially could be compared to that of a thermal state on the gauge theory side. Moreover, we analyze the space of solutions and stability of the thermal giant graviton and find that, in parallel with the extremal case, there are two available solutions for a given temperature and angular momentum, one stable and one unstable. In order to write down the equations of motion, action and conserved charges for the thermal giant graviton we present a slight generalization of the blackfold formalism for charged black branes. Finally, we also briefly consider the thermal giant graviton moving in the AdS_5 part.

  5. Hepatitis C.

    PubMed

    Webster, Daniel P; Klenerman, Paul; Dusheiko, Geoffrey M

    2015-03-21

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major health problem worldwide. The effects of chronic infection include cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease, and hepatocellular carcinoma. As a result of shared routes of transmission, co-infection with HIV is a substantial problem, and individuals infected with both viruses have poorer outcomes than do peers infected with one virus. No effective vaccine exists, although persistent HCV infection is potentially curable. The standard of care has been subcutaneous interferon alfa and oral ribavirin for 24-72 weeks. This treatment results in a sustained virological response in around 50% of individuals, and is complicated by clinically significant adverse events. In the past 10 years, advances in HCV cell culture have enabled an improved understanding of HCV virology, which has led to development of many new direct-acting antiviral drugs that target key components of virus replication. These direct-acting drugs allow for simplified and shortened treatments for HCV that can be given as oral regimens with increased tolerability and efficacy than interferon and ribavirin. Remaining obstacles include access to appropriate care and treatment, and development of a vaccine. PMID:25687730

  6. Protect Yourself from Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a completely different disease. Flu is caused by viruses that attack your lungs and respiratory system; hepatitis ... leave you needing a new liver. Several different viruses—named the hepatitis A, B, C, D and ...

  7. Hepatitis C: Treatment

    MedlinePLUS

    ... C virus ribonucleic acid level or hepatitis C RNA level) This test measures the amount of hepatitis ... in Drug/Alcohol Recovery Alcoholics Anonymous A.A. World Services, Inc. P.O. Box 459 New York, ...

  8. Hepatitis and Asian Americans

    MedlinePLUS

    ... hepatitis/Statistics/2010Surveillance/index.htm At a glance - Immunization of Adults (Hepatitis B) Percentage of adults ages ... stats-surv/nhis/default.htm At a glance – Immunization of Adolescents, aged 13 to 15 years old ( ...

  9. Hepatitis B (HBV)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for Kids for Teens Teens Home Body Mind Sexual Health Food & Fitness Diseases & Conditions Infections Q&A School & ... Dealing With Anger Hepatitis B (HBV) KidsHealth > Teens > Sexual Health > STDs & Other Infections > Hepatitis B (HBV) Print A ...

  10. Giant prostatic calculi

    PubMed Central

    Najoui, Mohammed; Qarro, Abdelmounaim; Ammani, Abdelghani; Alami, Mohammed

    2013-01-01

    Prostatic parenchymal calculi are common, usually incidental, findings on morphological examinations. They are typically asymptomatic and may be present in association with normal glands, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and prostate cancer. However giant prostatic calculi are rare. Less than 20 cases have been reported in the literature. We present the case of a 35-year-old man with two giant prostatic calculi that replaced the entire gland. He underwent an open cystolithotomy, two giant stones were removed from the prostate, and we used a lithotripsy in situ for extraction of stone fragments. PMID:23565316

  11. Giant prostatic calculi.

    PubMed

    Najoui, Mohammed; Qarro, Abdelmounaim; Ammani, Abdelghani; Alami, Mohammed

    2013-01-01

    Prostatic parenchymal calculi are common, usually incidental, findings on morphological examinations. They are typically asymptomatic and may be present in association with normal glands, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and prostate cancer. However giant prostatic calculi are rare. Less than 20 cases have been reported in the literature. We present the case of a 35-year-old man with two giant prostatic calculi that replaced the entire gland. He underwent an open cystolithotomy, two giant stones were removed from the prostate, and we used a lithotripsy in situ for extraction of stone fragments. PMID:23565316

  12. Unstable giant gravitons

    SciTech Connect

    Mello Koch, Robert de [Department of Physics and Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits, 2050 (South Africa); Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Studies, Stellenbosch (South Africa); Ives, Norman; Smolic, Jelena; Smolic, Milena [Department of Physics and Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits, 2050 (South Africa)

    2006-03-15

    We find giant graviton solutions in Frolov's three parameter generalization of the Lunin-Maldacena background. The background we study has {gamma}-tilde{sub 1}=0 and {gamma}-tilde{sub 2}={gamma}-tilde{sub 3}={gamma}-tilde. This class of backgrounds provides a nonsupersymmetric example of the gauge theory/gravity correspondence that can be tested quantitatively, as recently shown by Frolov, Roiban, and Tseytlin. The giant graviton solutions we find have a greater energy than the point gravitons, making them unstable states. Despite this, we find striking quantitative agreement between the gauge theory and gravity descriptions of open strings attached to the giant.

  13. Quantum Giant Magnons

    E-print Network

    K. Zarembo

    2012-10-18

    The giant magnons are classical solitons of the O(N) sigma-model, which play an important role in the AdS/CFT correspondence. We study quantum giant magnons first at large N and then exactly using Bethe Ansatz, where giant magnons can be interpreted as holes in the Fermi sea. We also identify a solvable limit of Bethe Ansatz in which it describes a weakly-interacting Bose gas at zero temperature. The examples include the O(N) model at large N, weakly interacting non-linear Schrodinger model, and nearly isotropic XXZ spin chain in the magnetic field.

  14. Delayed-onset of multiple cutaneous infantile hemangiomas due to propranolol: a case report.

    PubMed

    Porcel Chacón, Rocío; Del Boz González, Javier; Navarro Morón, Juan

    2015-04-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumors in childhood. In view of its proven effectiveness in such cases, propranolol is the drug of choice. We present the case of a male infant who started treatment with propranolol shortly after birth due to heart disease. After 7 months, when the patient had suffered various respiratory exacerbations, this treatment was suspended. One week later, multiple skin lesions (ie, multifocal infantile hemangiomas) began to appear, with no extracutaneous involvement. It was decided to resume treatment with propranolol, although at lower doses than before, and the skin lesions improved rapidly, with some disappearing completely. Treatment was definitively withdrawn at age 16 months, with only slight recurrence of the lesions. The case described is of multifocal infantile hemangiomas without extracutaneous involvement appearing beyond the neonatal period after treatment with propranolol beginning in the first days of life. The details of the case support the hypothesis that this drug is not only therapeutic but also plays a prophylactic role against infantile hemangiomas. In turn, this supports the recent proposal that this drug may be useful in preventing the growth and spread of tumors with high angiogenic potential. It is postulated that the inhibition of ?-adrenergic receptors is associated with multiple intracellular processes related to the progression and metastasis of different tumors. PMID:25780066

  15. Cavernous hemangiomas of the liver: Are there any indications for resection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olivier Farges; Salam Daradkeh; Henri Bismuth

    1995-01-01

    A total of 163 patients with cavernous hemangiomas of the liver were managed at Paul Brousse Hospital between 1970 and 1992. The tumor was smaller than 4 cm in 54 patients and larger than 10 cm in 38 patients. The diagnostic sensitivities of the imaging procedures were as follows: ultrasonography 61%; angio-computed tomography scanning 77%; angiography 85%; magnetic resonance imaging

  16. Intra-articular hemangioma of the knee with meniscal and bony attachment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Halit Pinar; Murat Bozkurt; Lütfü Baktiro?lu; Osman Karao?lan

    1997-01-01

    A hemangioma in the knee joint of a 37-year-old woman was diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging. The case presented with pain and a tender localized swelling lateral to the patellar tendon. Arthroscopy verified the diagnosis but did not allow visualization of the full extent of the tumor. After arthroscopic subtotal excision of the associated hypertrophic medial plica, a miniarthrotomy was

  17. Detection of an ileal cavernous hemangioma by technetium-99m red blood cell imaging

    SciTech Connect

    Holloway, H.; Johnson, J.; Sandler, M.

    1988-01-01

    Patients with arteriovenous malformations of the bowel may have multiple symptoms secondary to chronic blood loss. A case of ileal cavernous hemangioma detected by Tc-99m labeled red blood cell imaging in the absence of active gastrointestinal bleeding is presented.

  18. Hemangiomas of Infancy: Clinical Characteristics, Morphologic Subtypes, and Their Relationship to Race, Ethnicity, and Sex

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katarina G. Chiller; Douglas Passaro; Ilona J. Frieden

    2002-01-01

    Background: Hemangiomas of infancy vary widely in appearance, size, and depth of cutaneous involvement. There is currently no standard classification system for these lesions. While they occur in any race, an in- creased incidence occurs in girls, light-skinned whites, and premature infants, especially those weighing less than 1500 g. Other epidemiologic and demographic factors have not been well characterized. Objective:

  19. Spinal Capillary Hemangioma in Infants: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isaac O. Karikari; Lee A. Selznick; Thomas J. Cummings; Timothy M. George

    2007-01-01

    We report the case of 2 infants born with a lumbar dermal sinus tract and an overlying angiomatous skin lesion referred to our pediatric neurosurgery service for evaluation of a tethered cord. Both infants were born with a lumbar dimple and were found to have a large cutaneous hemangioma without neurologic symptoms. An MRI of the lumbar spine revealed an

  20. Identification of Serum Regression Signs in Infantile Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Rossi, Stefania; Giampietri, Claudia; Facchiano, Francesco; Facchiano, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Vessel proliferation underlies a number of serious pathological conditions. Infantile Hemangioma (IH) is a low-aggressive vascular tumor, interesting as an in vivo model of spontaneous tumor regression. Identifying mechanisms underlying IH spontaneous regression may then help to elucidate vessel-growth control, strongly deregulated in other serious conditions such as sarcoma, melanoma, diabetic retinopathy. The present study was aimed at identifying early regression indicators within hematological parameters. Thirty-four blood samples were collected from IH diagnosed babies (20-months median age), spontaneously regressing with age. Nineteen serum standard blood-tests were carried out using diagnostic reagents; in addition, serum-expression of 27 cytokine/chemokines was measured. Samples were divided in three age-groups, namely ?12, 13 to 24 and >24 months-age, respectively. Red-cells count, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, MCP-1 and MIP-1beta were significantly different in the three age-groups, according to one-way ANOVA analysis. The same parameters showed a significant Pearson-correlation with age, supporting the direct link of age with IH-regression. ROC analysis showed that red-cells count, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, MCP-1 and MIP-1beta levels significantly discriminate IH in the proliferating-phase from IH in the regressing-phase. Such data indicate for the first time that standard hematological tests and cytokine serum-expression values may effectively discriminate proliferating- from regressing-IH, unrevealing early regression signs, and demonstrate that standard blood-tests may have novel unsuspected diagnostic/prognostic relevance in altered vessel-growth conditions. PMID:24599340

  1. The Giant Cell.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stockdale, Dennis

    1998-01-01

    Provides directions for the construction of giant plastic cells, including details for building and installing the organelles. Also contains instructions for preparing the ribosomes, nucleolus, nucleus, and mitochondria. (DDR)

  2. A giant panda

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Aaron Siirila (None; )

    2007-03-16

    The giant panda is endangered because of habitat loss and low birth rates in the wild and captivity. In the past, poaching also lowered the numbers of surviving pandas and they became listed as an endangered species.

  3. Seismology of Giant Planets

    E-print Network

    Gaulme, Patrick; Schmider, Francois-Xavier; Guillot, Tristan

    2014-01-01

    Seismology applied to giant planets could drastically change our understanding of their deep interiors, as it has happened with the Earth, the Sun, and many main-sequence and evolved stars. The study of giant planets' composition is important for understanding both the mechanisms enabling their formation and the origins of planetary systems, in particular our own. Unfortunately, its determination is complicated by the fact that their interior is thought not to be homogeneous, so that spectroscopic determinations of atmospheric abundances are probably not representative of the planet as a whole. Instead, the determination of their composition and structure must rely on indirect measurements and interior models. Giant planets are mostly fluid and convective, which makes their seismology much closer to that of solar-like stars than that of terrestrial planets. Hence, helioseismology techniques naturally transfer to giant planets. In addition, two alternative methods can be used: photometry of the solar light ref...

  4. Giant Planets Tristan Guillot

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 4.2 Uranus and Neptune . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 4 the interior structure and evolution of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, and extrasolar giant planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, planet formation 1 Introduction In our Solar System, four planets stand

  5. Minimal invasive method to treat hemangiomas of the oral cavity with a CO2 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicola, Ester M. D.; Nicola, Jorge H.; Gusmao, Reinaldo J.; Coutinho, Adriana A.; Cassitas, Nilceu P.

    1997-05-01

    During the last six years we have developed a new CO2 laser technique for the treatment of symptomatic oral cavity hemangioma. Our new technique, named 'laser encircling technique', has especially succeeded during hemangioma buccal maxillary surgeries. The treatment consisted in the application of a line of points of CO2 laser circling the lesion. Depending on the position and size of the lesion, we used from 0.4 to 4.0 Joules/mm2 laser energy density per pulse, causing reduction in the size of the lesion throughout the sclerosis of nutritional vessels which led to reduction in size, volume and color of the hemangiomas with no significant bleeding or inflammatory reaction. In this work forty male and female patients, twelve to fifty years old, presenting medium to small size hemangiomas situated in different sites of the oral cavity such as the tongue, mouth vestibule, pharynx, tonsil area and lips were treated by the procedure described above. The number of laser applications was defined by the peculiarities of each case, varying form 3 to 6 sessions at 4 week intervals, always under local or topic anesthesia. The patients complained about minimal posit operative discomfort and had good cicatrix evolution. The good results achieved by this technique lead to the conclusion that CO2 laser for these types of hemangioma is an efficient and very secure method of treatment. An important aspect of our technique is the fact that using relatively low laser power we do not perform real surgery but a less aggressive alternative of treatment.

  6. Proton or photon irradiation for hemangiomas of the choroid? A retrospective comparison

    SciTech Connect

    Hoecht, Stefan [Clinic for Radiation Oncology and Radiotherapy, Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin (Germany)]. E-mail: stefan.hoecht@charite.de; Wachtlin, Joachim [Department for Ophthalmology, Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin (Germany); Bechrakis, Nikolaos E. [Department for Ophthalmology, Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin (Germany); Schaefer, Christiane [Clinic for Radiation Oncology and Radiotherapy, Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin (Germany); Heufelder, Jens [Eye Treatment Facility at the Ion Beam Laboratory, Hahn-Meitner-Institut Berlin GmbH, Berlin (Germany); Cordini, Dino [Eye Treatment Facility at the Ion Beam Laboratory, Hahn-Meitner-Institut Berlin GmbH, Berlin (Germany); Kluge, Heinz [Eye Treatment Facility at the Ion Beam Laboratory, Hahn-Meitner-Institut Berlin GmbH, Berlin (Germany); Foerster, Michael [Department for Ophthalmology, Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin (Germany); Hinkelbein, Wolfgang [Clinic for Radiation Oncology and Radiotherapy, Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin (Germany)

    2006-10-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare, on a retrospective basis, the results of therapy in patients with uveal hemangioma treated with photon or proton irradiation at a single center. Methods and Materials: From 1993 to 2002 a total of 44 patients were treated. Until 1998 radiotherapy was given with 6 MV photons in standard fractionation of 2.0 Gy 5 times per week. In 1998 proton therapy became available and was used since then. A dose of 20 to 22.5 Cobalt Gray Equivalent (CGE) 68 MeV protons was given on 4 consecutive days. Progressive symptoms or deterioration of vision were the indications for therapy. Results: Of the 44 patients treated, 36 had circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas and 8 had diffuse choroidal hemangiomas (DCH) and Sturge-Weber syndrome. Of the patients, 19 were treated with photons with a total dose in the range of 16 to 30 Gy. A total of 25 patients were irradiated with protons. All patients with DCH but 1 were treated with photons. Stabilization of visual acuity was achieved in 93.2% of all patients. Tumor thickness decreased in 95.4% and retinal detachment resolved in 92.9%. Late effects, although generally mild or moderate, were frequently detected. In all, 40.9% showed radiation-induced optic neuropathy, maximum Grade I. Retinopathy was found in 29.5% of cases, but only 1 patient experienced more than Grade II severity. Retinopathy and radiation-induced optic neuropathy were reversible in some of the patients and in some resolved completely. No differences could be detected between patients with circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas treated with protons and photons. Treatment was less effective in DCH patients (75%). Conclusions: Radiotherapy is effective in treating choroidal hemangiomas with respect to visual acuity and tumor thickness but a benefit of proton therapy could not be detected. Side effects are moderate but careful monitoring for side effects should be part of the follow-up procedures.

  7. Capella: Separating the Giants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Young, P. R.; Dupree, A. K.

    2002-01-01

    Images from the Faint Object Camera (FOC) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) are used to spatially separate the two giants of Capella (? Aurigae; HD 34029) for the first time at ultraviolet wavelengths. The images were obtained with broadband filters that isolate the wavelength regions 2500-3000 Å and 1300-1500 Å. The cool G8 giant is found to be weaker than the hot G1 giant by factors of around 4 and 17, respectively, in these bands. The latter factor is largely due to the much stronger G1 continuum at short wavelengths. No evidence is found for material lying between the two stars in the images. In addition, the objective prisms of the FOC were used to obtain low-resolution spectra from 1200 to 3000 Å, allowing individual emission lines from each star to be spatially separated. Cool-to-hot star ratios for the emission lines H I Ly?, O I ?1305, Si II ?1816, C II ?1335, He II ?1640, and Si IV ?1393 are presented, showing that the cool giant is weaker than the hot giant by factors of 5-10 in these lines. The O I emission is only a factor of 2.5 weaker in the cool giant, most probably resulting from fluorescence in the extended atmosphere of the cool giant. The line ratios are compared with values derived from International Ultraviolet Explorer and HST/Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph spectra, which could separate the stars spectrally but not spatially. Reasonable agreement is found although the FOC ratios generally imply lower contributions from the cool giant. Based on observations with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by AURA, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555.

  8. Giants On Deformed Backgrounds

    E-print Network

    Marco Pirrone

    2006-12-07

    We study giant graviton probes in the framework of the three--parameter deformation of the AdS_5 x S^5 background. We examine both the case when the brane expands in the deformed part of the geometry and the case when it blows up into AdS. Performing a detailed analysis of small fluctuations around the giants, the configurations turn out to be stable. Our results hold even for the supersymmetric Lunin-Maldacena deformation.

  9. Pulmonary infantile hemangioma presenting as a mass in a premature male infant: a case report focusing on pathological features.

    PubMed

    Siaghani, Parwiz J; Chavez, Claire; Anselmo, Dean M; Shane, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign neoplasm of infancy, with most occurring in the head and neck region. Predisposing factors include prematurity, low birth weight, multiple gestations, advanced maternal age, and chorionic villous sampling. In addition, white women, particularly those with a family history, are also at a higher risk. However, pulmonary infantile hemangiomas are exceedingly rare, with only a few case reports in the literature. Infantile hemangiomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a pulmonary mass in the early pediatric population. We present a case of pulmonary infantile hemangioma in a premature male infant successfully managed by surgical excision, with an emphasis on the pathogenesis and histologic features. PMID:25360560

  10. Diagnostics of hemangioma by the methods of correlation and fractal analysis of laser microscopic images of blood plasma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boychuk, T. M.; Bodnar, B. M.; Vatamanesku, L. I.

    2012-01-01

    For the first time the complex correlation and fractal analysis was used for the investigation of microscopic images of both tissue images and hemangioma liquids. It was proposed a physical model of description of phase distributions formation of coherent radiation, which was transformed by optical anisotropic biological structures. The phase maps of laser radiation in the boundary diffraction zone were used as the main information parameter. The results of investigating the interrelation between the values of correlation (correlation area, asymmetry coefficient and autocorrelation function excess) and fractal (dispersion of logarithmic dependencies of power spectra) parameters are presented. They characterize the coordinate distributions of phase shifts in the points of laser images of histological sections of hemangioma, hemangioma blood smears and blood plasma with vascular system pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of hemangioma nascency are determined.

  11. Diagnostics of hemangioma by the methods of correlation and fractal analysis of laser microscopic images of blood plasma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boychuk, T. M.; Bodnar, B. M.; Vatamanesku, L. I.

    2011-09-01

    For the first time the complex correlation and fractal analysis was used for the investigation of microscopic images of both tissue images and hemangioma liquids. It was proposed a physical model of description of phase distributions formation of coherent radiation, which was transformed by optical anisotropic biological structures. The phase maps of laser radiation in the boundary diffraction zone were used as the main information parameter. The results of investigating the interrelation between the values of correlation (correlation area, asymmetry coefficient and autocorrelation function excess) and fractal (dispersion of logarithmic dependencies of power spectra) parameters are presented. They characterize the coordinate distributions of phase shifts in the points of laser images of histological sections of hemangioma, hemangioma blood smears and blood plasma with vascular system pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of hemangioma nascency are determined.

  12. Giant Steps in Cefalu

    E-print Network

    David J. Jeffery; Paolo A. Mazzali

    2006-10-31

    Giant steps is a technique to accelerate Monte Carlo radiative transfer in optically-thick cells of astrophysical atmospheres by greatly reducing the number of Monte Carlo steps needed to propagate photon packets through such cells. Giant steps replaces the exact diffusion treatment of ordinary Monte Carlo radiative transfer in the cells by an approximate diffusion treatment. In this paper, we describe the basic idea of giant steps and report demonstration giant-steps flux calculations for the grey atmosphere. Speed-up factors of order 100 are obtained relative to ordinary Monte Carlo radiative transfer. In practical applications, speed-up factors of order ten (Mazzali et al. 2001) and perhaps more are possible. The speed-up factor is likely to be significantly application-dependent and there is a trade-off between speed-up and accuracy. This paper and past work (Mazzali et al. 2001) suggest that giant-steps error can probably be kept to a few percent by using sufficiently large boundary-layer optical depths while still maintaining large speed-up factors. Thus, giant steps can be characterized as a moderate accuracy radiative transfer technique.

  13. Phase II Study to Assess the Efficacy of Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy in Patients With Large Cavernous Sinus Hemangiomas

    SciTech Connect

    Wang Xin; Liu Xiaoxia; Mei Guanghai; Dai Jiazhong; Pan Li [Departments of Neurosurgery and CyberKnife, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Wang Enmin, E-mail: wangem@fudan.edu.cn [Departments of Neurosurgery and CyberKnife, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai (China)

    2012-06-01

    Purpose: Cavernous sinus hemangioma is a rare vascular tumor. The direct microsurgical approach usually results in massive hemorrhage. Although radiosurgery plays an important role in managing cavernous sinus hemangiomas as a treatment alternative to microsurgery, the potential for increased toxicity with single-session treatment of large tumors is a concern. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy in patients with large cavernous sinus hemangiomas. Methods: Fourteen patients with large (volume >20 cm{sup 3}) cavernous sinus hemangiomas were enrolled in a prospective Phase II study between December 2007 and December 2010. The hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy dose was 21 Gy delivered in 3 fractions. Results: After a mean follow-up of 15 months (range, 6-36 months), the magnetic resonance images showed a mean of 77% tumor volume reduction (range, 44-99%). Among the 6 patients with cranial nerve impairments before hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy, 1 achieved symptomatic complete resolution and 5 had improvement. No radiotherapy-related complications were observed during follow-up. Conclusion: Our current experience, though preliminary, substantiates the role of hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for large cavernous sinus hemangiomas. Although a longer and more extensive follow-up is needed, hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy of 21 Gy delivered in 3 fractions is effective in reducing the tumor volume without causing any new deficits and can be considered as a treatment modality for large cavernous sinus hemangiomas.

  14. Alcoholic hepatitis.

    PubMed

    Damgaard Sandahl, Thomas

    2014-10-01

    Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is an acute inflammatory syndrome causing significant morbidity and mortality. The prognosis is strongly dependent on disease severity, as assessed by clinical scoring systems. Reliable epidemiological data as well as knowledge of the clinical course of AH are essential for planning and resource allocation within the health care system. Likewise, individual evaluation of risk is desirable in the clinical handling of patients with AH as it can guide treatment, improve patient information, and serve as strata in clinical trials. The present PhD thesis is based on three studies using a cohort of nearly 2000 patients diagnosed with AH in Denmark from 1999 to 2008 as a cohort, in a population-based study design. The aims of this thesis were as follows. (1) To describe the incidence and short- and long-term mortality, of AH in Denmark (Study I). (2) To validate and compare the ability of the currently available prognostic scores to predict mortality in AH (Study II). (3) To investigate the short- and long-term causes of death of patients with AH (Study III). During the study decade, the annual incidence rate in the Danish population rose from 37 to 46 per 106 for men and from 24 to 34 per 106 for women. Both short- and long-term mortality rose for men and women, and the increase in short-term mortality was attributable to increasing patient age and prevalence of cirrhosis. Our evaluation of the most commonly used prognostic scores for predicting the mortality of patients with AH showed that all scores performed similarly, with Area under the Receiver Operator Characteristics curves giving values between 0.74 and 0.78 for 28-day mortality assessed on admission. Our study on causes of death showed that in the short-term (< 84 days after diagnosis), patients with AH were likely to die from liver-related events and infections. In the long-term (? 84 days after diagnosis), those who developed cirrhosis mainly died from liver-related causes, and those who did not develop cirrhosis mainly died from causes related to alcohol abuse. In conclusion, the present thesis provides novel warranted epidemiological information about AH that shows increasing incidence and mortality rates. Consequently, it reiterates the fact that AH is a life-threatening disease and suggests that AH is an increasing public health concern. The most widely used prognostic models may be helpful adjuvants in the routine management of patients with AH, provided that clinicians are aware of the models' limitations. The causes of death in AH are primarily due to liver-related complications, suggesting that patients with AH could benefit from continued follow-up by a hepatologist after the acute episode. PMID:25283626

  15. Giant congenital melanocytic nevus*

    PubMed Central

    Viana, Ana Carolina Leite; Gontijo, Bernardo; Bittencourt, Flávia Vasques

    2013-01-01

    Giant congenital melanocytic nevus is usually defined as a melanocytic lesion present at birth that will reach a diameter ? 20 cm in adulthood. Its incidence is estimated in <1:20,000 newborns. Despite its rarity, this lesion is important because it may associate with severe complications such as malignant melanoma, affect the central nervous system (neurocutaneous melanosis), and have major psychosocial impact on the patient and his family due to its unsightly appearance. Giant congenital melanocytic nevus generally presents as a brown lesion, with flat or mammilated surface, well-demarcated borders and hypertrichosis. Congenital melanocytic nevus is primarily a clinical diagnosis. However, congenital nevi are histologically distinguished from acquired nevi mainly by their larger size, the spread of the nevus cells to the deep layers of the skin and by their more varied architecture and morphology. Although giant congenital melanocytic nevus is recognized as a risk factor for the development of melanoma, the precise magnitude of this risk is still controversial. The estimated lifetime risk of developing melanoma varies from 5 to 10%. On account of these uncertainties and the size of the lesions, the management of giant congenital melanocytic nevus needs individualization. Treatment may include surgical and non-surgical procedures, psychological intervention and/or clinical follow-up, with special attention to changes in color, texture or on the surface of the lesion. The only absolute indication for surgery in giant congenital melanocytic nevus is the development of a malignant neoplasm on the lesion. PMID:24474093

  16. Feature Hepatitis: Hepatitis Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Branch in NIDDK's Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition. "Today it is clear that hepatitis C is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the United States, the most common cause ...

  17. Feature Hepatitis: Hepatitis Can Strike Anyone

    MedlinePLUS

    ... please turn Javascript on. From Hollywood's "Walk of Stars" to Main Street, USA, people from all walks ... that includes many well-known names: Legendary television star Larry Hagman was diagnosed with advanced hepatitis C ...

  18. Giant resonance decay

    SciTech Connect

    Beene, J.R.; Bertrand, F.E.

    1990-01-01

    Decay studies of giant multipole resonances are discussed, emphasizing the role of Coulomb excitation with intermediate energy heavy ions, which can provide very large cross sections for both isoscalar and isovector resonances. We discuss measurement of the photon decay of one and two phonon giant resonances, reporting results where available. It is pointed out throughout the presentation that the use of E1 photons as a tag'' provides a means to observe weakly excited resonances that cannot be observed in the singles spectra. 30 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Giant perigenital seborrheic keratosis.

    PubMed

    Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata; Saha, Abanti; Mishra, Vivek

    2015-01-01

    Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is a very common benign epidermal proliferation that is prevalent in all races. Most commonly occurring on the trunk, face, scalp, and the extremities, they can occur anywhere on the body except the palms and soles. The most common appearance is that of a very superficial verrucous plaque which appears to be stuck on the surface. Giant lesions are very rare, and their location on the genital area is rarer still. We report here a case of multiple giant SK lesions in a 59-year-old man. PMID:25657917

  20. Giant perigenital seborrheic keratosis

    PubMed Central

    Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata; Saha, Abanti; Mishra, Vivek

    2015-01-01

    Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is a very common benign epidermal proliferation that is prevalent in all races. Most commonly occurring on the trunk, face, scalp, and the extremities, they can occur anywhere on the body except the palms and soles. The most common appearance is that of a very superficial verrucous plaque which appears to be stuck on the surface. Giant lesions are very rare, and their location on the genital area is rarer still. We report here a case of multiple giant SK lesions in a 59-year-old man. PMID:25657917

  1. Viral Hepatitis: A through E and Beyond

    MedlinePLUS

    ... through E and Beyond | Share External Link Disclaimer Liver Disease Viral Hepatitis: A through E and Beyond Alternate Versions ? PDF Version? (139 KB) Additional Links ? Autoimmune Hepatitis Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Contact Us Digestive Disease Information Phone: ...

  2. Epithelioid hemangioma involving three contiguous bones: a case report with a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Sirikulchayanonta, Vorachai; Jinawath, Arthit; Jaovisidha, Suphaneewan

    2010-01-01

    An epithelioid hemangioma involving three contiguous bones in continuity has, to the best of our knowledge, not been reported in the literature. A case of a 48-year-old man presented with radiating pain to the lower thoracic region for two years. A radiograph and CT scan revealed both permeative osteolytic and multiple trabeculated lesions involving the left posterior part of the 10th rib as well as the 9th and 10th vertebral bodies in continuity and was misled as a malignant or infectious lesion. The histopathology and immuno-histochemistry of the lesion confirmed the diagnosis of an epithelioid hemangioma. The lesion was still stable as of three years after surgery. PMID:21076597

  3. Near-infrared laser treatment of complicated hemangiomas in children: ten-year clinical experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abushkin, Ivan A.; Privalov, Valeriy A.; Lappa, Alexander V.

    2011-03-01

    Results of application of low invasive laser technology (developed by authors: Proc. SPIE 5863, 107-115 (2005), Russian Federation patent No.2290228 of.27.12.06) to treatment of hemangiomas in children are presented and analyzed in this work. From 2001 the technology was applied to about 1500 children with more than 2000 hemangiomas. Majority of them were complicated ones: belong to cavernous or combined types or (and) were localized on problem places: on face near eyes, nose, and lips, on auricles, on perineum near anus and genitals, in respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. Diode laser with wavelength 920, 970, and 1060 nm at distant and interstitial irradiation were applied. In case of need there applied endoscopes. Excellent and good results have been achieved in 94% cases; there was a significant improvement in the rest cases.

  4. Management of periorbital hemangioma by intralesional glucocorticoids and systemic propranolol: a single-center retrospective study

    PubMed Central

    Yuan, Si-Ming; Cui, Lei; Guo, Yao; Xue, Chun-Yan; Hong, Zhi-Jian; Jiang, Hui-Qing

    2014-01-01

    Periorbital hemangioma may lead to the vision impairment so effective treatment should be adopted in time. In this study, we made a retrospective analysis of intralesional glucocorticoids and systemic propranolol in the management of periorbital hemangioma. From Jan. 2006 to Dec. 2013, twenty-five children with periorbital hemangioma were enrolled into this study. Among them, sixteen children accepted intralesional injection of compound betamethasone preparation. Eight children accepted systemic propranolol. One child accepted both of the two treatments. The follow-up period ranged from 6 months to 60 months. The results showed that in the patients with intralesional compound betamethasone preparation, 13/16 patients’ tumors involuted completely. 3/16 patients’ tumors didn’t involute completely at the end of follow-up. In the patients with systemic propranolol, 8/8 patients’ tumors involuted almost completely. One patient didn’t respond to intralesional glucocorticoids, and so switched to systemic propranolol, which lead to the involution of tumor finally. The adverse effects in the patients with intralesional glucocorticoids included local soft tissue atrophy, local ulcer, and Cushing-like manifestations, which occurred in three patients respectively. In the patients with systemic propranolol, mild diarrhoea occurred in one child. According to our observation, both of intralesional glucocorticoids and systemic propranolol achieved good results in the management of periorbital hemangioma. Systemic propranolol showed superiority in efficacy and safety. We recommend systemic propranolol as the first-line therapy. However, for the children who can’t tolerate systemic propranolol, intralesional glucocorticoids still is a feasible choice. PMID:24955168

  5. Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma, with verrocous hemangioma-like features: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Fathaddin, Amany Abdulgader; Alhumidi, Ahmed Abdullah

    2013-01-01

    Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma (EAH) is a rare, benign cutaneous tumor. It is characterized by the proliferation of the eccrine gland elements that are closely associated with capillary proliferation. Patients usually present with a solitary nodule on the extremities that appeared at birth or during the prepubertal years. We report a rare case of EAH in a 13-year-old boy, with clinical features suggesting melanoma. Histologically, an EAH with changes resembling a verrucous hemangioma was noted. PMID:23559910

  6. Diverging racial trends in neonatal infantile hemangioma diagnoses, 1979-2006.

    PubMed

    Amrock, Stephen M; Weitzman, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Nationally representative historical trends in neonatal infantile hemangioma (IH) diagnosis have not been previously assessed. Using the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS), trends in IH diagnoses were assessed according to race and sex. Findings confirmed prior research that female and white newborns are more likely to be diagnosed with IH, and a statistically significant increase in IH diagnoses was observed in white, but not in nonwhite, infants. PMID:23331036

  7. Imaging and therapeutic approach of hemangiomas and vascular malformations in the pediatric age group

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Josée Dubois; Laurent Garel

    1999-01-01

    Terminology regarding the vascular lesions of the soft tissues remains confusing. A single classification is necessary in\\u000a order to decide on the proper investigation and the best treatment. At the Workshop on Vascular Anomalies in Rome in June\\u000a 1996, the membership accepted the Mulliken and Glowacki classification, which differentiates vascular lesions into vascular\\u000a tumors, including hemangiomas and vascular malformations. At

  8. Osseous hemangioma of the seventh cervical vertebra with osteoid formation mimicking metastasis: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Lakemeier; Carolin Christina Westhoff; Susanne Fuchs-Winkelmann; Markus Schofer

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: We report the case of an osseous hemangioma located in the seventh cervical vertebra with reactive osteoid formation and non-typical findings in the radiological and the histopathological examination, mimicking metastasis of a malignant tumor. To our knowledge, this is the first description of such a case in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year-old otherwise healthy Caucasian German woman presented

  9. Symptomatic vertebral hemangioma in pregnancy treated antepartum. A case report with review of literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kamath Vijay; Ajoy P. Shetty; S. Rajasekaran

    2008-01-01

    Pregnancy related compressive myelopathy secondary to vertebral hemangioma is a rare occurrence and its treatment antepartum\\u000a is rare. We report a 22-year-old lady in her 26th-week of pregnancy who was treated in two stages––antepartum with a laminectomy\\u000a and posterior stabilization. This resulted in complete recovery of the neurological deficits. She delivered a normal baby\\u000a after 3 months, following which a corpectomy

  10. Classification of Hypervascular Liver Lesions Based on Hepatic Artery and Portal Vein Blood Supply Coefficients Calculated from Triphasic CT Scans.

    PubMed

    Boas, F Edward; Kamaya, Aya; Do, Bao; Desser, Terry S; Beaulieu, Christopher F; Vasanawala, Shreyas S; Hwang, Gloria L; Sze, Daniel Y

    2015-04-01

    Perfusion CT of the liver typically involves scanning the liver at least 20 times, resulting in a large radiation dose. We developed and validated a simplified model of tumor blood supply that can be applied to standard triphasic scans and evaluated whether this can be used to distinguish benign and malignant liver lesions. Triphasic CTs of 46 malignant and 32 benign liver lesions were analyzed. For each phase, regions of interest were drawn in the arterially enhancing portion of each lesion, as well as the background liver, aorta, and portal vein. Hepatic artery and portal vein blood supply coefficients for each lesion were then calculated by expressing the enhancement curve of the lesion as a linear combination of the enhancement curves of the aorta and portal vein. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hypervascular metastases, on average, both had increased hepatic artery coefficients compared to the background liver. Compared to HCC, benign lesions, on average, had either a greater hepatic artery coefficient (hemangioma) or a greater portal vein coefficient (focal nodular hyperplasia or transient hepatic attenuation difference). Hypervascularity with washout is a key diagnostic criterion for HCC, but it had a sensitivity of 72 % and specificity of 81 % for diagnosing malignancy in our diverse set of liver lesions. The sensitivity for malignancy was increased to 89 % by including enhancing lesions that were hypodense on all phases. The specificity for malignancy was increased to 97 % (p?=?0.039) by also examining hepatic artery and portal vein blood supply coefficients, while maintaining a sensitivity of 76 %. PMID:25183580

  11. Rosiglitazone accentuates the adipogenesis of hemangioma-derived mesenchymal stem cells induced by adipogenic media

    PubMed Central

    Yuan, Si-Ming; Guo, Yao; Zhou, Xiao-Jun; Shen, Wei-Min; Chen, Hai-Ni

    2014-01-01

    Hemangioma-derived mesenchymal stem cells (Hem-MSCs) expressed PPAR-?, the key transcription factor in adipogenesis. We supposed that rosiglitazone, the agonist of PPAR-?, may promote the adipogenesis of Hem-MSCs. In this study, MSCs were isolated from proliferating hemangioma. Four groups were set up, which were Group A (DMEM-LG/10% FBS), Group B (1 ?M rosiglitazone + DMEM-LG/10% FBS), Group C (adipogenic media), and Group D (1 ?M rosiglitazone + adipogenic media). Cells were cultured in the medium above. On the day 7 and 14, Oil Red “O” staining and Western blot were performed to detect the cytoplasmic lipid and perilipin A in the cells. The results showed that cytoplasmic lipid appeared in Group C and D, and no cytoplasmic lipid in Group A and B on the day 7 and 14. Analysis of Oil Red “O” staining showed the area of staining in Group D was significantly larger than that in Group C. Analysis of western blot showed no expression of perilipin A in Group A and B, and upregulated expression in Groups C and D, with the greater upregulation in Group D. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that rosiglitazone promoted the adipogenesis of Hem-MSCs initiated by adipogenic media via the activation of PPAR-? pathway. The results may put forward the possibility of treating hemangioma via PPAR-? pathway. PMID:25126173

  12. Propranolol enhanced adipogenesis instead of induction of apoptosis of hemangiomas stem cells

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Xiaorong; Zhao, Tinghui; Ouyang, Tianxiang; Xin, Shujia; Ma, Yueting; Chang, Mengling

    2014-01-01

    Propranolol has been widely used in treating infantile hemangiomas (IHs). But recurrence of IHs was found in some cases on cessation of propranolol treatment. The other is that Chinese individuals reacted to propranolol differently from American Whites. Whether the difference of sensitivity is due to the ? adrenoceptor (?-AR) expression pattern of hemangioma initiating cells remains unclear. In the present study, we isolated hemangioma-derived stem cells (hemSCs) from proliferative IHs and analyzed the biological characteristics and ?-AR expression pattern of hemSCs by immunostaining, Western blotting and multilineage differentiation assay as well. We also tested the effects of propranolol on hemSCs by evaluating VEGF expression, proliferation and apoptosis related parameters. Our results indicated that CD133+ hemSCs located pre-vascular in proiferative IH tissues. Both ?1 and ?2-AR were expressed, while ?2-AR was dominant on hemSCs. Propranolol at 100-150 ?M inhibited proliferation of hemSCs, not did 50 ?M. Propranolol down-regulated VEGF expression of hemSCs, instead of inducing apoptosis. The adipogenic potential was enhanced by propranolol. Therefore, our current results suggested propranolol could not induce apoptosis of hemSCs, but played a curative role though suppressing VEGF synthesis and enhancement of adipogenesis of hemSCs. Our results might partially provide the insight of mechanism of relapse in some cases on cessation of propranolol treatment. PMID:25120757

  13. Effects of propranolol and isoproterenol on infantile hemangioma endothelial cells in vitro

    PubMed Central

    ZHU, YALIN; TUERXUN, AERZIGULI; HUI, YAN; ABLIZ, PARIDE

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of propranolol and isoproterenol on the growth curve of infantile hemangioma endothelial cells (IHECs) in vitro and determine the functions of the ?-adrenergic receptor in the pathogenesis of infantile hemangioma. IHECs were divided into three groups: The control group, the propranolol group (PG) and the isoproterenol group (IG). The PG and IG were administered with high, medium and low concentrations of the corresponding drugs. The cell growth in each group was determined using the MTT assay. A high propranolol concentration resulted in the inhibition of cell growth. By comparison, isoproterenol promoted cell growth. Within a specific time-frame (72–96 h), high drug concentrations (20 ?g/ml) elicited strong effects on the cells. At certain concentrations, propranolol inhibited cell growth once the proliferation stage of IHECs had been affected for a specific length of time, whereas isoproterenol yielded opposite results. The ?-adrenergic receptor elicits an important effect in the pathogenesis of infantile hemangioma. PMID:25009634

  14. Central Retinal and Posterior Ciliary Artery Occlusion After Intralesional Injection of Sclerosant to Glabellar Subcutaneous Hemangioma

    SciTech Connect

    Matsuo, Toshihiko, E-mail: matsuot@cc.okayama-u.ac.j [Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Ophthalmology (Japan); Fujiwara, Hiroyasu; Gobara, Hideo; Mimura, Hidefumi; Kanazawa, Susumu [Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2009-03-15

    The aim of this study is to describe vision loss caused by central retinal artery and posterior ciliary artery occlusion as a consequence of sclerotherapy with a polidocanol injection to a glabellar hemangioma. An 18-year-old man underwent direct injection with a 23-gauge needle of 1 mL of a polidocanol-carbon dioxide emulsion into the glabellar subcutaneous hemangioma under ultrasound visualization of the needle tip by radiologists. He developed lid swelling the next day, and 3 days later at referral, the visual acuity in the left eye was no light perception. Funduscopy revealed central retinal artery occlusion and fluorescein angiography disclosed no perfusion at all in the left fundus, indicating concurrent posterior ciliary artery occlusion. The patient also showed mydriasis, blepharoptosis, and total external ophthalmoplegia on the left side. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the swollen medial rectus muscle. In a month, blepharoptosis and ophthalmoplegia resolved but the visual acuity remained no light perception. Sclerosing therapy for facial hemangioma may develop a severe complication such as permanent visual loss.

  15. Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome due to a Vertebral Hemangioma and Postpartum Osteoporosis following Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Elmadag, Mehmet; Güzel, Yunus; Uzer, Gokcer; Tuncay, ?brahim

    2015-01-01

    In pregnancy, advanced vertebral hemangiomas may be seen, and these require treatment. The case reported here is of a 35-year-old female in the 32nd week of pregnancy who was admitted to the orthopaedics clinic with a history of backache and difficulty walking. A burst fracture of L1 associated with a vertebral hemangioma was identified with an L3 compression fracture secondary to osteoporosis. The local kyphosis angle between T12 and L2 was 27°. Kyphotic deformity was corrected and postoperatively, the measured T12–L2 local kyphotic angle was 9°. Twelve hours postoperatively, oral nutrition was allowed, but she developed nausea and vomiting and twenty-four hours postoperatively, an electrolyte imbalance developed. Postoperatively, the patient was diagnosed with superior mesenteric artery syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of superior mesenteric artery syndrome, which occurred following the correction of a kyphotic deformity that had developed secondary to an advanced hemangioma in pregnancy. PMID:25685576

  16. Ultrasound-guided interstitial Nd:YAG laser therapy of cavernous hemangiomas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoffmann, Peter; Offergeld, Christian F.; Huettenbrink, Karl-Bernd; Hackert, I.; Scholz, A.

    1995-05-01

    Preoperative embolization and excision used to be standard therapy amongst a wide range of other more or less successful methods for the treatment of voluminous hemangiomas. Nowadays a combination of argon, tunable dye, copper vapor and Nd:YAG laser therapy achieves better cosmetic and functional results. Due to its limited penetration depth percutaneous laser therapy can only be utilized for superficial vascular malformations. Interstitial laser therapy, as performed with the Nd:YAG laser, allows treatment of voluminous hemangiomas in their full extent. The localization of these vascular lesions is evaluated by high resolution ultrasound with a new anular array scanner which ensures the precise intraoperative placement of the laser light fiber in the target tissue. Modified new light applicators improve the interstitial thermotherapy of hemangiomas. The tip design of the scattering-dome fiber allows diffuse circumferential irradiation with larger defined coagulation volume and minimized carbonization. Continuous intraoperative sonographic monitoring lowers the risk of damaging adjacent intact anatomical structures, helps to reach all tumor areas an to estimate the effect of the applied laser light caused by changes of sonomorphology. The postoperative outcome is evaluated by B-mode sonography and the new technique of ultrasound color angiography.

  17. Successful treatment of oral itraconazole for infantile hemangiomas: A case series.

    PubMed

    Ran, Yuping; Chen, Shuang; Dai, Yalin; Kang, Daoxian; Lama, Jebina; Ran, Xin; Zhuang, Kaiwen

    2015-02-01

    Infantile hemangiomas can present a therapeutic challenge to clinicians, especially when associated with severe pain and feeding difficulties. The standard therapeutic management includes corticosteroids and propranolol. However, the clinical response is not always satisfactory. We present six cases of infantile hemangiomas successfully treated with oral itraconazole approximately 5 mg/kg per day. In the first month, the red color of the lesions became a little lighter and the growth of the lesions was controlled in all cases. An obvious clinical improvement was noted in all cases during the 3-month period, with 80-100% improvement in each patient at the end of the treatment, which was judged by both their parents and the dermatologists. Compliance with treatment instructions of oral itraconazole in infants was judged to be very good. Side-effects were mild and limited. Although itraconazole can inhibit angiogenesis and tumor growth in vitro and in vivo associated with some cancers, further research is required to understand the pathogenesis of infantile hemangiomas and the mechanism of itraconazole. PMID:25512128

  18. Finite size giant magnon

    SciTech Connect

    Ramadanovic, Bojan; Semenoff, Gordon W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z1 (Canada)

    2009-06-15

    The quantization of the giant magnon away from the infinite size limit is discussed. We argue that this quantization inevitably leads to string theory on a Z{sub M} orbifold of S{sup 5}. This is shown explicitly and examined in detail in the near plane-wave limit.

  19. The giant target

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. R. Spencer

    1995-01-01

    Jupiter is a planet totally different from Earth. Essentially a giant gas ball, it has no solid surface beneath the swirling colored clouds. With its powerful gravity and strong magnetic influence, it controls and interacts with a fascinating family of moons.

  20. Birth control for giants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joel H. Spencer; Nicholas C. Wormald

    2007-01-01

    The standard Erdýos-Renyi model of random graphs begins with n isolated vertices, and at each round a random edge is added. Parametrizing n 2 rounds as one time unit, a phase transition occurs at t = 1 when a giant component (one of size constant time n) first appears. Under the influence of statistical mechanics, the investigation of related phase

  1. A Council of Giants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCall, Marshall L.

    2014-05-01

    Distances and near-infrared luminosities of the brightest galaxies in the Local Volume have been re-evaluated in order to gain a fully homogeneous collection of data for elucidating the framework of the Local Sheet and its relevance to Local Group evolution. It is demonstrated that the Local Sheet is both geometrically and dynamically distinct from the Local Supercluster and that the evolution of the Sheet and Local Group were probably interconnected. The Sheet is inclined by 8° with respect to the Local Supercluster, and the dispersion of giant members about the mid-plane is only 230 kpc. A `Council of Giants' with a radius of 3.75 Mpc encompasses the Local Group, demarcating a clear upper limit to the realm of influence of the Local Group. The only two giant elliptical galaxies in the Sheet sit on opposite sides of the Council, raising the possibility that they have somehow shepherded the evolution of the Local Group. The position vector of the Andromeda galaxy with respect to the Milky Way deviates only 11° from the Sheet plane and only 11° from the projected axis of the ellipticals. The Local Group appears to be moving away from a ridge in the potential surface of the Council on a path parallel to the elliptical axis. Spin directions of the giants in the Council are distributed over the sky in a pattern which is very different from that of giants beyond, possibly in reaction to the central mass asymmetry that developed into the Local Group. By matching matter densities of Group and Council giants, the edge of the volume of space most likely to have contributed to the development of the Local Group is shown to be very close to where gravitational forces from the Local Group and the Council balance. The boundary specification reveals that the Local Sheet formed out of a density perturbation of very low amplitude (˜10 per cent), but that normal matter was incorporated into galaxies with relatively high efficiency (˜40 per cent). It appears that the development of the giants of the Local Sheet was guided by a pre-existing flattened framework of matter.

  2. Visual rehabilitation in a child with diffuse choroidal hemangioma by using aggressive amblyopia therapy with low-dose external beam irradiation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric A Packwood; Susan A Havertape; Oscar A Cruz; Eric S Mann

    2000-01-01

    Diffuse choroidal hemangioma is a congenital vascular hamartoma often associated with hemangiomatous lesions of the brain, orbit, and periocular skin (nevus flammeus) in the Sturge-Weber syndrome. Visual loss from diffuse choroidal hemangioma may result from chronic serous retinal detachments causing retinal pigment epithelial, photoreceptor or cystoid degeneration, and glaucomatous optic atrophy. Low-dose external beam irradiation has successfully resolved exudative retinal

  3. Hemorrhagic giant cystic lymphangioma of the liver in an adult female.

    PubMed

    Nakano, Tomotsugu; Hara, Yoshiaki; Shirokawa, Masamitsu; Shioiri, Sadaaki; Goto, Hideaki; Yasuno, Masamichi; Tanaka, Michio

    2015-01-01

    An 18-year-old woman who presented with epigastric pain was diagnosed with rupture of a hepatic tumor and transported to our hospital. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a 13-cm, low-density giant mass in the left hepatic lobe and high-density ascites, indicating abdominal bleeding from the liver tumor. The patient underwent emergent celiac angiography, and the left hepatic artery, which was believed to feed the tumor, was embolized. After the patient's condition stabilized, she underwent left hepatic lobectomy. In addition, the enlarged lymph nodes of the hepatoduodenal ligament were dissected. On microscopic examination, immunohistochemical staining revealed that both the liver cyst and the enlarged lymph node were positive for the endothelial marker CD31 and lymphangial marker D2-40. The patient was pathologically diagnosed with cystic lymphangioma of the liver. She has now been followed up for almost 4 years after surgery without any sign of recurrence. PMID:25832463

  4. Hemorrhagic giant cystic lymphangioma of the liver in an adult female

    PubMed Central

    Nakano, Tomotsugu; Hara, Yoshiaki; Shirokawa, Masamitsu; Shioiri, Sadaaki; Goto, Hideaki; Yasuno, Masamichi; Tanaka, Michio

    2015-01-01

    An 18-year-old woman who presented with epigastric pain was diagnosed with rupture of a hepatic tumor and transported to our hospital. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a 13-cm, low-density giant mass in the left hepatic lobe and high-density ascites, indicating abdominal bleeding from the liver tumor. The patient underwent emergent celiac angiography, and the left hepatic artery, which was believed to feed the tumor, was embolized. After the patient's condition stabilized, she underwent left hepatic lobectomy. In addition, the enlarged lymph nodes of the hepatoduodenal ligament were dissected. On microscopic examination, immunohistochemical staining revealed that both the liver cyst and the enlarged lymph node were positive for the endothelial marker CD31 and lymphangial marker D2-40. The patient was pathologically diagnosed with cystic lymphangioma of the liver. She has now been followed up for almost 4 years after surgery without any sign of recurrence. PMID:25832463

  5. Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Osteoclast-Like Giant Cells: Report of the Seventh Case in the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Dioscoridi, Lorenzo; Bisogni, Damiano; Freschi, Giancarlo

    2015-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells is extremely rare, and only six cases have been previously reported. Its histogenesis is at the moment controversial. The authors report a case of hepatocellular carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells found in a 74-year-old woman. The patient came with a dull pain in the right upper abdominal quadrants due to a liver neoplasm described at CT scan. A wedge resection of the fifth hepatic segment with appendectomy, omentectomy, and debulking of the major peritoneal implants was performed. Histologically, the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma with high grade differentiation associated with giant osteoclast-like cells was done without any evidence of hepatitis or cirrhosis in the surrounding hepatic parenchyma. Immunohistochemistry was positive for CD10 and CD68 and in situ hybridization revealed the expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B (RANK) in the giant cells and receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) in the tumor cells. PMID:25793139

  6. Hepatitis A Vaccine

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the disease to others within the same household.Hepatitis A can cause: ''flu-like'' illness jaundice (yellow skin or eyes, dark urine) severe stomach pains and diarrhea (children) People with hepatitis A often have to be hospitalized (up to about ...

  7. Novel hepatitis B vaccines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfgang Jilg

    1998-01-01

    Currently available hepatitis B vaccines are immunogenic, efficacious and safe. There is no doubt that their consistent use makes the elimination of hepatitis B in most countries possible. Nevertheless, there are still aspects of these vaccines which could be improved: three doses are needed for a full course of vaccination (which is sometimes difficult to achieve because of poor compliance

  8. Primary hepatic lymphoma in a patient with chronic hepatitis C.

    PubMed

    Ryan, J; Wallace, S; Jones, P; Taggart, G; Dudley, F

    1994-01-01

    The case is presented of a woman with chronic active hepatitis C who developed primary hepatic lymphoma. The possible roles of viral hepatitis and therapeutic interferon in the pathogenesis and progression of this unusual malignancy are discussed. In addition, the importance of accurate tissue diagnosis to identify potentially treatable hepatic tumours is emphasized. PMID:8054534

  9. Hepatitis G virus

    PubMed Central

    Reshetnyak, Vasiliy Ivanovich; Karlovich, Tatiana Igorevna; Ilchenko, Ljudmila Urievna

    2008-01-01

    A number of new hepatitis viruses (G, TT, SEN) were discovered late in the past century. We review the data available in the literature and our own findings suggesting that the new hepatitis G virus (HGV), disclosed in the late 1990s, has been rather well studied. Analysis of many studies dealing with HGV mainly suggests the lymphotropicity of this virus. HGV or GBV-C has been ascertained to influence course and prognosis in the HIV-infected patient. Until now, the frequent presence of GBV-C in coinfections, hematological diseases, and biliary pathology gives no grounds to determine it as an “accidental tourist” that is of no significance. The similarity in properties of GBV-C and hepatitis C virus (HCV) offers the possibility of using HGV, and its induced experimental infection, as a model to study hepatitis C and to develop a hepatitis C vaccine. PMID:18720531

  10. Unique case of giant adult paratesticular spindle cell rhabdomyosarcoma.

    PubMed

    Silvestris, Nicola; Zito, Francesco Alfredo; Resta, Leonardo; Popescu, Ondina; Rossi, Roberta; Montemurro, Severino; Colucci, Giuseppe

    2009-03-01

    A 50-year-old unmarried rural man was referred for a giant painless scrotal lump which had developed over a period of about six years. At the admission physical examination disclosed a large swelling scrotum and palpable left supraclavicular lymph nodes. Blood counts, renal and hepatic function tests, lactate dehydrogenase, beta-HCG, and alpha-fetoprotein were normal. Computed tomographic scan of thorax and abdomen revealed supraclavicular, mediastinal, and retroperitoneal adenopathies. The patient underwent right-sided radical orchiectomy. The final pathological diagnosis was paratesticular spindle cell rhabdomyosarcoma. Unfortunately, few days after surgery, patient presented a clinical and laboratory picture of disseminated intravascular coagulation followed by exitus. PMID:19036416

  11. Giant biliary cystadenoma complicated with polycystic liver: a case report.

    PubMed

    Yang, Zhen-Zhen; Li, Yong; Liu, Jun; Li, Kuang-Fan; Yan, Ye-Hong; Xiao, Wei-Dong

    2013-10-01

    Biliary cystadenoma (BCA) is a rare hepatic neoplasm. Although considered a benign cystic tumor of the liver, BCA has a high risk of recurrence with incomplete excision and a potential risk for malignant degeneration. Correct diagnosis and complete tumor excision with negative margins are the mainstay of treatment. Unfortunately, due to the lack of presenting symptoms, and normal laboratory results in most patients, BCA is hard to distinguish from other cystic lesions of the liver such as biliary cystadenocarcinoma, hepatic cyst, hydatid cyst, Caroli disease, undifferentiated sarcoma, intraductal papillary mucinous tumor, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be necessary. They demonstrate intrahepatic cystic lesions with features such as mural nodules, varying wall thickness, papillary projections, and internal septations. Nevertheless, surgery is still the only means of accurate diagnosis. Definitive diagnosis requires histological examination following formal resection. We describe a 57-year-old woman initially diagnosed with polycystic liver who was subsequently diagnosed with giant intrahepatic BCA in the left hepatic lobe. This indicates that both US physicians and hepatobiliary specialists should attach importance to hepatic cysts, and CT or MRI should be performed for further examination when a diagnosis of BCA is suspected. PMID:24115833

  12. Giant solitary trichoepithelioma

    PubMed Central

    Teli, Bhavuray; Thrishuli, P. B.; Santhosh, R.; Amar, D. N.; Rajpurohit, Shravan

    2015-01-01

    Adnexal tumors like giant solitary trichoepitheliomas are uncommon to most of us to permit a ready familiarity with them. Information regarding the genesis, clinical profile, behavior, and management options for this tumor is limited. There are 18 cases reported in the world literature till date. This review attempts to provide insight to this rare tumor. Our search included indexed literature from Pubmed, Directory of Open Access Journals, Health Inter Network Access to Research Initiative and Google databases in addition to standard dermatology texts. Giant solitary trichoepithelioma is a rare trichogenic tumor with potential for local recurrence. It has predilection for the older age, but may present at any age including at birth. It has close resemblance to basal cell carcinoma and other skin adnexal tumors - clinically, cytologically, and histologically. CD10, CD 34, PHLDA1 but not p75NTR are useful adjunct markers. Surgical excision is the standard treatment. Recurrence and possible transformation into BCC cautions follow up at regular intervals.

  13. Successful Propranolol Treatment of a Large Size Infantile Hemangioma of the Face Causing Recurrent Bleeding and Visual Field Disruption

    PubMed Central

    Saaiq, Muhammad; Ashraf, Bushra; Siddiqui, Saad; Ahmad, Shehzad; Salman Zaib, Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    A 29 days old Pakistani female infant was presented to our outpatient department with two weeks history of a rapidly progressing large size facial hemangioma involving most of the right cheek and right eyelids. The infant was unable to open the right eye. There was also a small hemangioma on the right second toe. Additionally, three similar lesions were found on the right side of the palate and adjoining buccogingival surfaces. The parents were particularly concerned about the explosive progression of the lesions, recurrent bleeding episodes from ulcerated areas of the cheek lesion and complete occlusion of the right eye. Following four weeks therapy with propranolol in a dose of 2 mg/kg/day, the hemangiomas rapidly regressed, the bleeding episodes ceased and the infant started opening the eye. PMID:25606481

  14. Proteomic analysis of mitochondria from infantile hemangioma endothelial cells treated with sodium morrhuate and its liposomal formulation.

    PubMed

    Tu, Jun-Bo; Dong, Qiang; Hu, Xiao-Yi; Jiang, Fei; Ma, Rui-Zhao; He, Lin-Ying; Yang, Zhuang-Qun

    2012-09-01

    Hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of infancy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the biological effects of sodium morrhuate (SM) and its liposomal formulation on infantile hemangioma endothelial cells (IHECs). Morphological analysis revealed that exposure to liposomal sodium morrhuate (LSM) preferentially caused apoptotic death in IHECs, manifested as shrunken configuration and formation of apoptotic bodies. In contrast, necrotic death was prominent in IHECs treated with an equal concentration of SM. By means of proteomic analysis and confirmation experiments, we revealed that the apoptosis-inducing effects of LSM were associated with an upregulation of a set of genes involved in mitochondrial death pathway, including apoptosis-inducing factor, cytochrome c1, caspase-8, and lamin B1. In conclusion, our data highlight the proapoptotic activity of LSM in IHECs through the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and may provide a promising avenue to treat hemangiomas of infancy. PMID:22987598

  15. Treatment of lip hemangioma using forced dehydration with induced photocoagulation via diode laser: report of three cases.

    PubMed

    Jasper, Juliana; Camilotti, Renata Stifelman; Pagnoncelli, Rogério Miranda; Poli, Vladimir Dourado; da Silveira Gerzson, Alexandre; Gavin Zakszeski, Ana Maria

    2015-03-01

    Several vascular lesions are related to the lip area. There is no universally accepted protocol for the treatment of hemangiomas and vascular malformations. In the oral cavity, high-power lasers represent an excellent therapeutic option for this type of lesion. Their coagulative properties allow for the performance of procedures without the risk of bleeding, which promotes a better healing pattern and a differentiated postoperative appearance. This study describes three cases of lip hemangioma treated with forced dehydration with induced photocoagulation (FDIP) via diode laser. All the reported cases were followed up until complete healing of the operated area had total remission of lesions, with no complications or adverse effects. The findings of the present study suggest that FDIP is effective and useful in the treatment of hemangiomas in the oral cavity. Laser treatment of these lesions prevents their recurrence and is well tolerated by patients. PMID:25577591

  16. Superstars and giant gravitons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert C. Myers

    2001-01-01

    We examine a family of BPS solutions of ten-dimensional type-IIB supergravity. These solutions asymptotically approach AdS5 × S5 and carry internal `angular' momentum on the five-sphere. While a naked singularity appears at the center of the anti-de Sitter space, we show that it has a natural physical interpretation in terms of a collection of giant gravitons. We calculate the distribution

  17. Hot giant loop holography

    SciTech Connect

    Grignani, Gianluca [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Perugia, INFN Sezione di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, 06123 Perugia (Italy); Karczmarek, Joanna L.; Semenoff, Gordon W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1 (Canada)

    2010-07-15

    We argue that there is a phase transition in the expectation value of the Polyakov loop operator in the large N limit of the high temperature deconfined phase of N=4 Yang-Mills theory on a spatial S{sup 3}. It occurs for the large completely symmetric representation of the SU(N) symmetry group. We speculate that this transition is reflected in the D-branes which are the string theory duals of giant loops.

  18. Red giants seismology

    E-print Network

    Mosser, B; Belkacem, K

    2013-01-01

    The space-borne missions CoRoT and Kepler are indiscreet. With their asteroseismic programs, they tell us what is hidden deep inside the stars. Waves excited just below the stellar surface travel throughout the stellar interior and unveil many secrets: how old is the star, how big, how massive, how fast (or slow) its core is dancing. This paper intends to \\emph{paparazze} the red giants according to the seismic pictures we have from their interiors.

  19. Giant cell arteritis

    PubMed Central

    Calvo-Romero, J

    2003-01-01

    Giant cell arteritis (GCA), temporal arteritis or Horton's arteritis, is a systemic vasculitis which involves large and medium sized vessels, especially the extracranial branches of the carotid arteries, in persons usually older than 50 years. Permanent visual loss, ischaemic strokes, and thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms are feared complications of GCA. The treatment consists of high dose steroids. Mortality, with a correct treatment, in patients with GCA seems to be similar that of controls. PMID:13679546

  20. Giant adrenal myelolipoma

    PubMed Central

    Gautam, S.C.; Raafat, H.; Sriganesh, S.; Zaffar, I.; Olude, I.; Komolafe, F.; Qazi, F.

    2013-01-01

    A fifty-two years old male presenting with a history of abdominal pain of six months duration was found on investigation to have a large non-functioning adrenal mass. Adrenal myelolipoma was diagnosed preoperatively and surgical resection was carried out. Only a small number of cases of giant adrenal myelolipoma (>3500 grams) have been reported. A brief review of literature is done. PMID:25003051

  1. Voyager: Giant Kelp

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Criqui, Nan

    The Birch Aquarium at Scripps Institution of Oceanography offers this Web site as part of the Aquarium's online educational series, Voyager Science. Geared toward younger kids, this site introduces the kelp forest and related concepts with great photos, informative descriptions, and a few interactive activities. Giant Kelp focuses on the kelp plant itself, including the many (and often surprising) commercial uses of kelp products. Simple at-home experiments and online activities are also included.

  2. Giant gravitons and correlators

    E-print Network

    Hai Lin

    2012-11-20

    We calculate non-extremal correlators of Schur polynomials and single trace operators. We analyse their dual descriptions from the approach of the variation of DBI and WZ actions of the giant gravitons. We show a regularization procedure under which the extremal correlators of Schur polynomials and single trace operators match exactly with string theory computation. Other aspects of the extremal and non-extremal correlators are also discussed.

  3. Supersymmetric Electromagnetic Waves on Giants and Dual-Giants

    E-print Network

    Sujay K. Ashok; Nemani V. Suryanarayana

    2010-04-01

    We set up the BPS equations for a D3-brane moving in AdS_5 \\times S^5 which preserves two supercharges and with all bosonic fields turned on in the world-volume theory. By solving these, we find generalizations of Mikhailov giants and wobbling dual-giants that include electromagnetic waves propagating on their world-volume. For these giants (dual-giants) we show that the BPS field strength is the real part of the pull-back of a holomorphic 2-form in the ambient space C^3 (C^{1,2}) onto the world-volume.

  4. A Council of Giants

    E-print Network

    McCall, Marshall L

    2014-01-01

    It is demonstrated that the Local Sheet is both geometrically and dynamically distinct from the Local Supercluster and that the evolution of the Sheet and Local Group were probably interconnected. The Sheet is inclined by 8 degrees with respect to the Local Supercluster, and the dispersion of giant members about the mid-plane is only 230 kpc. A "Council of Giants" with a radius of 3.75 Mpc encompasses the Local Group, demarcating a clear upper limit to the realm of influence of the Local Group. The only two giant elliptical galaxies in the Sheet sit on opposite sides of the Council, raising the possibility that they have somehow shepherded the evolution of the Local Group. The position vector of the Andromeda galaxy with respect to the Milky Way deviates only 11 degrees from the Sheet plane and only 11 degrees from the projected axis of the ellipticals. The Local Group appears to be moving away from a ridge in the potential surface of the Council on a path parallel to the elliptical axis. Spin directions of t...

  5. Primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumor with multiple liver metastases: A case report with review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Kai; Cheng, Ying-Sheng; Yang, Ji-Jin; Jiang, Xu; Guo, Ji-Xiang

    2015-01-01

    We herein present a case involving a 41-year-old woman in whom ultrasound examination revealed multiple liver hemangiomas more than 3 years ago. Follow-up ultrasound examination revealed that the masses had significantly increased; the largest was located in the right lobe (about 8.2 cm × 7.4 cm × 6.0 cm). Abdominal multidetector computed tomography revealed multiple well-circumscribed, heterogeneous, hypodense masses (largest, 6.4 cm × 6.3 cm × 5.0 cm) with significant contrast enhancement during the arterial and portal phases and with contrast wash-out and peripheral enhancement during the delayed phases. Magnetic resonance images demonstrated multiple well-circumscribed, heterogeneous, hypointense hepatic masses with significant contrast enhancement (largest, 6.4 cm × 6.5 cm × 5.1 cm); multiple enlarged porta lymph nodes; and multiple slightly enlarged retroperitoneal lymph nodes. Histological and immunohistochemical examination of the right mass biopsy specimen suggested a malignant neoplasm that had originated from a neuroendocrine cell type (grade 2 well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma). After performing a systemic examination to exclude metastasis from an extrahepatic primary site, we considered that the masses had arisen from a primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumor with multiple liver metastases. The patient underwent transcatheter arterial chemoembolization using a combination of oxaliplatin (150 mg) mixed with one bottle of gelatin sponge particles (560-710 ?m) and lipiodol (6 mL). Primary neuroendocrine tumors of the liver are extremely rare. This case is interesting because of the rarity of this neoplasm and previous misdiagnosis as multiple liver hemangiomas. Previously reported cases in the literature are also reviewed. PMID:25780316

  6. Primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumor with multiple liver metastases: A case report with review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Yang, Kai; Cheng, Ying-Sheng; Yang, Ji-Jin; Jiang, Xu; Guo, Ji-Xiang

    2015-03-14

    We herein present a case involving a 41-year-old woman in whom ultrasound examination revealed multiple liver hemangiomas more than 3 years ago. Follow-up ultrasound examination revealed that the masses had significantly increased; the largest was located in the right lobe (about 8.2 cm × 7.4 cm × 6.0 cm). Abdominal multidetector computed tomography revealed multiple well-circumscribed, heterogeneous, hypodense masses (largest, 6.4 cm × 6.3 cm × 5.0 cm) with significant contrast enhancement during the arterial and portal phases and with contrast wash-out and peripheral enhancement during the delayed phases. Magnetic resonance images demonstrated multiple well-circumscribed, heterogeneous, hypointense hepatic masses with significant contrast enhancement (largest, 6.4 cm × 6.5 cm × 5.1 cm); multiple enlarged porta lymph nodes; and multiple slightly enlarged retroperitoneal lymph nodes. Histological and immunohistochemical examination of the right mass biopsy specimen suggested a malignant neoplasm that had originated from a neuroendocrine cell type (grade 2 well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma). After performing a systemic examination to exclude metastasis from an extrahepatic primary site, we considered that the masses had arisen from a primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumor with multiple liver metastases. The patient underwent transcatheter arterial chemoembolization using a combination of oxaliplatin (150 mg) mixed with one bottle of gelatin sponge particles (560-710 ?m) and lipiodol (6 mL). Primary neuroendocrine tumors of the liver are extremely rare. This case is interesting because of the rarity of this neoplasm and previous misdiagnosis as multiple liver hemangiomas. Previously reported cases in the literature are also reviewed. PMID:25780316

  7. Progress in Giant Planet Formation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boss, A. P.

    Two very different mechanisms have been proposed for the formation of the gas and ice giant planets. The conventional explanation for the formation of gas giant planets, core accretion, presumes that a gaseous envelope collapses upon a roughly 10 Earth-mass, solid core that was formed by the collisional accumulation of planetary embryos orbiting in a gaseous disk. The more radical explanation, disk instability, hypothesizes that the gaseous portion of protoplanetary disks undergoes a gravitational instability, leading to the formation of self-gravitating clumps, within which dust grains coagulate and settle to form cores. Core accretion appears to require several million years or more to form a gas giant planet, implying that only long-lived disks would form gas giants. Disk instability, on the other hand, is so rapid (thousands of years), that gas giants could form in even the shortest-lived disks. Core accretion has severe difficulty in explaining the formation of the ice giant planets, unless two extra protoplanets are formed in the gas giant planet region and thereafter migrate outward. Recently, an alternative mechanism for ice giant planet formation has been proposed, based on observations of protoplanetary disks in the Orion nebula cluster: disk instability leading to the formation of four gas giant protoplanets with cores, followed by photoevaporation of the disk and gaseous envelopes of the protoplanets outside about 10 AU by a nearby OB star, producing ice giants. In this scenario, Jupiter survives unscathed, while Saturn is a transitional planet. These two basic mechanisms have very different predictions for gas and ice giant extrasolar planets, both in terms of their frequency and epoch of formation, suggesting a number of astronomical tests which could determine the dominant mechanism for giant planet formation.

  8. Emergent medical and surgical management of mediastinal infantile hemangioma with symptomatic spinal cord compression: case report and literature review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel H. Fulkerson; Nnenna G. Agim; George Al-Shamy; Denise W. Metry; Shayan A. Izaddoost; Andrew Jea

    2010-01-01

    Purpose  We report an extremely rare case of a patient with a large, cervical, and upper thoracic cutaneous hemangioma associated with\\u000a a separate, underlying mediastinal hemangioma extending to the epidural space causing significant spinal cord compression.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Case report  A 6-week-old female presented with decreased movement of her right arm and bilateral lower extremity hyperreflexia. Her arm\\u000a weakness progressed to paralysis over the

  9. Surgical management of aggressive vertebral hemangiomas causing spinal cord compression: long-term clinical follow-up of five cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Satoshi Kato; Norio Kawahara; Hideki Murakami; Satoru Demura; Katsuhito Yoshioka; Tadaki Okayama; Takuya Fujita; Katsuro Tomita

    2010-01-01

    Background  Aggressive vertebral hemangiomas causing spinal compression are rare, and there is controversy with regard to treatment. The\\u000a purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of patients with aggressive vertebral hemangiomas at a mean follow-up\\u000a of more than 10 years after total excision and discuss the treatment options for the tumors.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We performed a retrospective review of patients

  10. Differential Diagnosis of Hepatic Tumors (Hepatoma, Hemangioma, and Metastasis) with CT: Value of Two-Phase Incremental Imaging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ? Dynamic incremental CT scanning was performed after 100 ml of iodinated contrast Sadayuki Murayama material was administered IV with a power injector at a rate of 2 mI\\/sec. A 1-sec Takashi Kanematsu scanning time was used with a 1.6-sec interscan delay, which allowed table motion KoujI Masuda1 betweenscans. CTscans (eight to 16sections)were obtained45-110 sec (early phase) and 6-7 mm

  11. Giant European dinosaur found in Spain

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS; )

    2006-12-21

    Fossils of a giant Sauropod, found in Spain, reveal that Europe was home to giant dinosaurs in the Late Jurassic period -- about 150 million years ago. Giant dinosaurs have previously been found mainly in the New World and Africa.

  12. Genetics Home Reference: Giant axonal neuropathy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... PubMed Recent literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Giant axonal neuropathy On this page: Description Genetic changes ... names Glossary definitions Reviewed October 2007 What is giant axonal neuropathy? Giant axonal neuropathy is an inherited ...

  13. Study on computer-aided diagnosis of hepatic MR imaging and mammography

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang Xuejun [Electronics and Information Systems Engineering Division, Graduate School of Engineering, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193 (Japan)

    2005-04-01

    It is well known that the liver is an organ easily attacked by diseases. The purpose of this study is to develop a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) scheme for helping radiologists to differentiate hepatic diseases more efficiently. Our software named LIVERANN integrated the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings with different pulse sequences to classify the five categories of hepatic diseases by using the artificial neural network (ANN) method. The intensity and homogeneity within the region of interest (ROI) delineated by a radiologist were automatically calculated to obtain numerical data by the program for input signals to the ANN. Outputs were the five pathological categories of hepatic diseases (hepatic cyst, hepatocellular carcinoma, dysplasia in cirrhosis, cavernous hemangioma, and metastasis). The experiment demonstrated a testing accuracy of 93% from 80 patients. In order to differentiate the cirrhosis from normal liver, the volume ratio of left to whole (LTW) was proposed to quantify the degree of cirrhosis by three-dimensional (3D) volume analysis. The liver region was firstly extracted from computed tomography (CT) or MR slices based on edge detection algorithms, and then separated into left lobe and right lobe by the hepatic umbilical fissure. The volume ratio of these two parts showed that the LTW ratio in the liver was significantly improved in the differentiation performance, with (25.6%{+-}4.3%) in cirrhosis versus the normal liver (16.4%{+-}5.4%). In addition, the application of the ANN method for detecting clustered microcalcifications in masses on mammograms was described here as well. A new structural ANN, so-called a shift-invariant artificial neural network (SIANN), was integrated with our triple-ring filter (TRF) method in our CAD system. As the result, the sensitivity of detecting clusters was improved from 90% by our previous TRF method to 95% by using both SIANN and TRF.

  14. Hepatitis B Vaccination Protection

    MedlinePLUS

    ... an exposure control plan and implement use of universal precautions and control measures, such as engineering controls, ... cost to the worker and at a reasonable time and place. The hepatitis B vaccination is a ...

  15. Hepatitis B Foundation

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Foundation Top Stories Institute Assembles Team of 'All-Star Researchers' to Cure Hepatitis B March 30– The ... Blumberg Institute has recruited a team of “all Star researchers” who will focus exclusively on developing a ...

  16. What Is Hepatitis?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... ??????? Español RSS Feed Youtube Twitter Facebook Google + iTunes Play Store What is hepatitis? Online Q&A ... Twitter WHO Facebook page WHO Google+ page WHO iTunes WHO Play Store © WHO 2015 Back to top ...

  17. Hepatitis A FAQs

    MedlinePLUS

    ... can live outside the body for months. High temperatures, such as boiling or cooking food or liquids ... F (85°C), kill the virus, although freezing temperatures do not. Symptoms Does Hepatitis A cause symptoms? ...

  18. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis B

    MedlinePLUS

    ... transmitted and take measures to minimize their exposures. Map 3-04. Prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus infection among adults 1,2 View Larger Map PDF Version (printable) 1 Used with permission from: ...

  19. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis A

    MedlinePLUS

    ... INFECTIOUS AGENT Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is an RNA virus classified as a picornavirus. TRANSMISSION Through direct ... months after infection. EPIDEMIOLOGY Common throughout the developing world, where infections most frequently are acquired during early ...

  20. Know More Hepatitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... cause serious health problems including liver damage, cirrhosis, liver cancer and even death. In fact, Hepatitis C is a leading cause of liver cancer and the #1 cause of liver transplants. Many ...