Science.gov

Sample records for government regulation

  1. Government Regulation of Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hobbs, Walter C., Ed.

    Only lately has government regulation developed with great force among colleges and universities. A collection of essays examines that development from the perspectives of the legal scholar, the university president, the university lawyer, the government lawyer, the university's affirmative action officer, the professional association's government…

  2. Effects of Government Regulations on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernhard, John T.; Hannah, Robert W.

    Results of a self-study conducted by Western Michigan University on the effects of government regulations on higher education are presented. The self-study, conducted with the aid of questionnaires, followup visits, or telephone calls, addressed the following main concerns: (1) academic programs; (2) maintenance, buildings, physical plant, and…

  3. International Religion Indexes: Government Regulation, Government Favoritism, and Social Regulation of Religion*

    PubMed Central

    Grim, Brian J.; Finke, Roger

    2014-01-01

    The study of religion is severely handicapped by a lack of adequate cross-national data. Despite the prominence of religion in international events and recent theoretical models pointing to the consequences of regulating religion, cross-national research on religion has been lacking. We strive to fill this void by developing measurement models and indexes for government regulation, government favoritism, and social regulation of religion. The indexes rely on data from an extensive coding of the 2003 International Religious Freedom Report for 196 countries and territories. Using a series of tests to evaluate the new data and indexes, we find that the measures developed are highly reliable and valid. The three indexes will allow researchers and others to measure the government’s subsidy and regulation of religion as well as the restrictions placed on religion by social and cultural forces beyond the state. PMID:25484633

  4. 75 FR 79455 - OPEN GOVERNMENT AND EVIDENCE-BASED REGULATION

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] OPEN GOVERNMENT AND EVIDENCE-BASED REGULATION There is a close connection, even an inextricable relationship, between open government and evidence- based regulation. If regulatory choices are based on careful analysis of the evidence, and if opportunities are provided...

  5. 75 FR 17410 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Government Property

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-06

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; Government Property AGENCY: Department of Defense (DOD), General Services... approved information collection requirement concerning Government Property. Public comments are.... Purpose Property, as used in Part 45, means all property, both real and personal. It includes...

  6. 78 FR 26518 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Government Property

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION 48 CFR Part 52 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Government Property CFR Correction In Title 48 of the Code of Federal...

  7. 7 CFR 999.300 - Regulation governing importation of raisins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Regulation governing importation of raisins. 999.300... SPECIALTY CROPS; IMPORT REGULATIONS § 999.300 Regulation governing importation of raisins. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) Raisins means grapes from which a part of the natural moisture...

  8. 7 CFR 999.300 - Regulation governing importation of raisins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Regulation governing importation of raisins. 999.300... SPECIALTY CROPS; IMPORT REGULATIONS § 999.300 Regulation governing importation of raisins. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) Raisins means grapes from which a part of the natural moisture...

  9. 7 CFR 999.300 - Regulation governing importation of raisins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Regulation governing importation of raisins. 999.300... SPECIALTY CROPS; IMPORT REGULATIONS § 999.300 Regulation governing importation of raisins. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) Raisins means grapes from which a part of the natural moisture...

  10. Government and Education: The University as a Regulated Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gellhorn, Ernest; Boyer, Barry B.

    1977-01-01

    Issues in institutional autonomy and government regulation are addressed: discretion of university administrators to exert control; openness, confidentiality, and controls over information; and regulations, reports, and government sanctions. Available from William S. Hein and Co., 1285 Main St., Buffalo, NY 14209. (MSE)

  11. 76 FR 39788 - Regulations Governing Fees for Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-07

    ... Surface Transportation Board 49 CFR Part 1002 Regulations Governing Fees for Services AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Board is amending the regulations governing user fees for services performed. The amendment sets the fee for certain formal complaints at $350. DATES: Effective...

  12. 76 FR 9527 - Regulations Governing Fees for Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-18

    ... Surface Transportation Board 49 CFR Part 1002 Regulations Governing Fees for Services AGENCY: Surface... regulations governing user fees for ] services. The proposed amendment would set the fee for certain formal... fees in accordance with the Independent Offices Appropriation Act of 1952 (IOAA). The IOAA...

  13. 77 FR 75362 - Government in the Sunshine Act Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION 29 CFR Part 1612 Government in the Sunshine Act Regulations CFR Correction 0 In Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 900 to 1899, revised as of July 1, 2012, on page 266, in Sec....

  14. Bureaucrats and Brainpower: Government Regulation of Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seabury, Paul, Ed.

    The exploration of the growth and cost benefit effectiveness of governmental regulation of higher education is examined in this book. An introductory article by Robert Hatfield examines university regulation from a businessman's perspective. Hatfield concludes that business and higher education must work together to curb the stream of regulation.…

  15. Broadcasting and Government; Responsibilities and Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emery, Walter B.

    The role of governmental agencies in the control of wire and radio communication, especially broadcasting, is explained. A major portion of the book concerns the broadcast spectrum, its character and utility for communications, and the technical rules which govern the allocation of radio frequencies and their use by various classes of stations,…

  16. 7 CFR 999.300 - Regulation governing importation of raisins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Regulation governing importation of raisins. 999.300 Section 999.300 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY CROPS; IMPORT REGULATIONS §...

  17. 76 FR 18072 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Government Property Disposal; Forms

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION 48 CFR Part 53 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Government Property Disposal; Forms CFR Correction In Title 48 of the Code of...

  18. Congress, Laws, and Regulations: Government Documents. Academic Library Guide. Government Documents Series Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amen, Kathleen L.

    This document is the second in a series of four guides to the government documents collection in the academic library at St. Mary's University (San Antonio, Texas); the library has been a selective depository for U.S. Government publications since 1964. Focusing on congressional publications pertaining to laws and regulations, this guide describes…

  19. 43 CFR 8341.1 - Regulations governing use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Regulations governing use. 8341.1 Section 8341.1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RECREATION PROGRAMS OFF-ROAD VEHICLES Conditions of Use §...

  20. 43 CFR 8341.1 - Regulations governing use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Regulations governing use. 8341.1 Section 8341.1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RECREATION PROGRAMS OFF-ROAD VEHICLES Conditions of Use §...

  1. SIGNALS AND REGULATORS THAT GOVERN STREPTOMYCES DEVELOPMENT

    PubMed Central

    McCormick, Joseph R.; Flärdh, Klas

    2012-01-01

    Streptomyces coelicolor is the genetically best characterized species of a populous genus belonging to the Gram-positive Actinobacteria. Streptomycetes are filamentous soil organisms, well known for the production of a plethora of biologically active secondary metabolic compounds. The Streptomyces developmental life cycle is uniquely complex, and involves coordinated multicellular development with both physiological and morphological differentiation of several cell types, culminating in production of secondary metabolites and dispersal of mature spores. This review presents a current appreciation of the signaling mechanisms used to orchestrate the decision to undergo morphological differentiation, and the regulators and regulatory networks that direct the intriguing development of multigenomic hyphae, first to form specialized aerial hyphae, and then to convert them into chains of dormant spores. This current view of S. coelicolor development is destined for rapid evolution as data from “-omics” studies shed light on gene regulatory networks, new genetic screens identify hitherto unknown players, and the resolution of our insights into the underlying cell biological processes steadily improve. PMID:22092088

  2. 31 CFR 380.0 - What do these regulations govern?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... regulations at 31 CFR part 202 (Depositaries and Financial Agents of the Government), 31 CFR part 203 (Payment of Federal Taxes and the Treasury Tax and Loan Program), and 31 CFR part 225 (Acceptance of Bonds... to the acceptability and valuation of collateral that may be pledged under these programs. 31...

  3. 49 CFR Appendix E to Part 99 - Statutes Regulating Post-Employment Responsibilities of Government and Special Government Employees

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Statutes Regulating Post-Employment... Part 99—Statutes Regulating Post-Employment Responsibilities of Government and Special Government Employees Note: This appendix applies only to employees who terminated government service before January...

  4. 49 CFR Appendix E to Part 99 - Statutes Regulating Post-Employment Responsibilities of Government and Special Government Employees

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Statutes Regulating Post-Employment... Part 99—Statutes Regulating Post-Employment Responsibilities of Government and Special Government Employees Note: This appendix applies only to employees who terminated government service before January...

  5. 49 CFR Appendix E to Part 99 - Statutes Regulating Post-Employment Responsibilities of Government and Special Government Employees

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Statutes Regulating Post-Employment... Part 99—Statutes Regulating Post-Employment Responsibilities of Government and Special Government Employees Note: This appendix applies only to employees who terminated government service before January...

  6. 49 CFR Appendix E to Part 99 - Statutes Regulating Post-Employment Responsibilities of Government and Special Government Employees

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Statutes Regulating Post-Employment... Part 99—Statutes Regulating Post-Employment Responsibilities of Government and Special Government Employees Note: This appendix applies only to employees who terminated government service before January...

  7. Should states and local governments regulate dietary supplements?

    PubMed

    Starr, Ranjani

    2016-03-01

    Federal regulation of dietary supplements in the United States is governed by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994. The law has been criticized as weak and ineffective. Alarming research has emerged demonstrating that supplements may be mislabelled, contaminated, adulterated with dangerous or unknown compounds, or sold at toxic doses. As a result, the health community has raised concerns about the safety and quality of dietary supplements. Increased federal oversight is an important avenue for improving supplement safety; however, states and local governments may also pursue strategies to strengthen the overall regulatory control of dietary supplements. States and local governments have substantial experience in regulating other products that pose a risk to public health, such as tobacco. Additionally, much has been learned about the tactics the tobacco industry has employed to protect its interests. Lessons learned may be applied to new regulatory efforts aimed at improving the safety of dietary supplements at the state and local levels. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26594006

  8. Understanding Philip Morris's pursuit of US government regulation of tobacco

    PubMed Central

    McDaniel, P; Malone, R

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To investigate Philip Morris's support of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation of tobacco products and analyse its relationship to the company's image enhancement strategies. Data sources: Internal Philip Morris documents released as part of the Master Settlement Agreement. Methods: Searches of the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu) beginning with such terms as "FDA" and "regulatory strategy" and expanding to include relevant new terms. Results: Philip Morris's support for government regulation of tobacco is part of a broader effort to address its negative public image, which has a damaging impact on the company's stock price, political influence, and employee morale. Through regulation, the company seeks to enhance its legitimacy, redefine itself as socially responsible, and alter the litigation environment. Whereas health advocates frame tobacco use as a public health policy issue, Philip Morris's regulatory efforts focus on framing tobacco use as an individual choice by informed adults to use a risky product. This framing allows Philip Morris to portray itself as a reasonable and responsible manufacturer and marketer of risky products. Conclusions: Philip Morris's ability to improve its image through support of FDA regulation may undermine tobacco control efforts aimed at delegitimising the tobacco industry. It may also create the impression that Philip Morris's products are being made safer and ultimately protect the company from litigation. While strong regulation of tobacco products and promotion remain critical public health goals, previous experiences with tobacco regulation show that caution may be warranted. PMID:15923470

  9. Government regulation to promote healthy food environments--a view from inside state governments.

    PubMed

    Shill, J; Mavoa, H; Allender, S; Lawrence, M; Sacks, G; Peeters, A; Crammond, B; Swinburn, B

    2012-02-01

    Food policy interventions are an important component of obesity-prevention strategies and can potentially drive positive changes in obesogenic environments. This study sought to identify regulatory interventions targeting the food environment, and barriers/facilitators to their implementation at the Australian state government level. In-depth interviews were conducted with senior representatives from state/territory governments, statutory authorities and non-government organizations (n =45) to examine participants' (i) suggestions for regulatory interventions for healthier food environments and (ii) support for pre-selected regulatory interventions derived from a literature review. Data were analysed using thematic and constant comparative analyses. Interventions commonly suggested by participants were regulating unhealthy food marketing; limiting the density of fast food outlets; pricing reforms to decrease fruit/vegetable prices and increase unhealthy food prices; and improved food labelling. The most commonly supported pre-selected interventions were related to food marketing and service. Primary production and retail sector interventions were least supported. The dominant themes were the need for whole-of-government and collaborative approaches; the influence of the food industry; conflicting policies/agenda; regulatory challenges; the need for evidence of effectiveness; and economic disincentives. While interventions such as public sector healthy food service policies were supported by participants, marketing restrictions and fiscal interventions face substantial barriers including a push for deregulation and private sector opposition. PMID:21955783

  10. Effect of Government Regulation on the Evolution of Sports Nutrition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Collins, Rick; Kalman, Douglas

    The sports nutrition segment of the dietary supplement industry enjoyed nearly a decade of unfettered growth under federal legislation passed in 1994. A series of breakthroughs in the dietary supplement field led to the development and marketing of innovative products designed to enhance performance, build muscle, or lose excess fat. As the popularity of these products soared and evolved into a multi-billion dollar industry, the sports nutrition supplement market drew the attention of federal and state regulatory bodies and sports antidoping authorities. Growing concerns over potential health risks and unfair athletic advantages have spurred government regulators and legislators to heighten the scrutiny of this market, leading to recent legislative amendments and increased government enforcement action.

  11. Impact of government regulation on health care technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berkowitz, Robert D.

    1994-12-01

    Increased government regulation of the medical device industry produces higher expenses, a longer time to return investment capital, and greater uncertainty. As a result there are fewer new ventures and reduced efforts to develop new technology in established companies. The current federal regulatory framework has shifted from monitoring the product to monitoring the process. The inability to reach perfect performance in such a regulated environment subject to continuous and fluid interpretation guarantees non-compliance and growing ethical tension. Without new medical technology, we may be unable to maintain quality medical coverage in the face of rising demand. The author proposes risk assessment to set regulatory priorities; the conversion of a national weapons lab to a national device testing lab; the establishment of device standards and the monitoring of in-use performance against these standards; and the education of patients and users as to the results of these examinations.

  12. Controversy over genetically modified organisms: the governing laws and regulations.

    PubMed

    Keatley, K L

    2000-01-01

    Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) are increasingly becoming a topic of controversy in the U.S. and abroad. The public is questioning their safety and wanting the products labeled as genetically modified. There are other concerns from some of the scientific world and some government officials and organizations such as the Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO) that question whether adequate research has been done to qualify GMOs as safe for long-term use. Of particular concern are the allergenic properties, a GMO may impart, possible transfer effects of antibiotic resistance (given that antibiotic resistant marker genes are used for many GMOs), the expression of previously unexpressed traits, and the drift of pollen from genetically modified crops. It has also been noted that the laws and regulations governing the biotechnology world are outdated, are not comprehensive, and span too many agencies. The primary agencies currently regulating biotechnology are the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). PMID:11710306

  13. Pharmaceuticals in Australia: developments in regulation and governance.

    PubMed

    Lofgren, Hans; Boer, Rebecca de

    2004-06-01

    The pharmaceutical domain represents a type of internationalised policy network theorised in recent writings on neo-liberalism, neo-corporatism and governance. This article presents an analysis of developments in prescription drug regulation in Australia. A relatively stable, state-managed pattern of interaction has been superseded by less closed exchange, and the government itself has fragmented into agencies pursuing different objectives. Developments in the three core regulatory areas are described: safety and efficacy controls, social policy (access and equity), and state support for industry (economic) development. Consensus-building occurs within the context of the National Medicines Policy. The pharmaceutical industry, represented by Medicines Australia, has a stake in all aspects of pharmaceutical policy and regulation, and draws upon unique resources (expertise and lobbying capacity). The context for the developments described is Australia's abandonment of a protectionist version of the Keynesian welfare national state in favour of the model of the competition state, which is oriented towards support for the growth of high technology industries such as pharmaceuticals, premised on partnerships with business. PMID:15081192

  14. Governing inside the organization: interpreting regulation and compliance.

    PubMed

    Gray, Garry C; Silbey, Susan S

    2014-07-01

    Looking inside organizations at the different positions, expertise, and autonomy of the actors, the authors use multisite ethnographic data on safety practices to develop a typology of how the regulator, as the focal actor in the regulatory process, is interpreted within organizations. The findings show that organizational actors express constructions of the regulator as an ally, threat, and obstacle that vary with organizational expertise, authority, and continuity of relationship between the organizational member and the regulator. The article makes three contributions to the current understandings of organizational governance and regulatory compliance, thereby extending both institutional and ecological accounts of organizations' behavior with respect to their environments. First, the authors document not only variation across organizations but variable compliance within an organization. Second, the variations described do not derive from alternative institutional logics, but from variations in positions, autonomy, and expertise within each organization. From their grounded theory, the authors hypothesize that these constructions carry differential normative interpretations of regulation and probabilities for compliance, and thus the third contribution, the typology, when correlated with organizational hierarchy provides the link between microlevel action and discourse and organizational performance. PMID:25705781

  15. 7 CFR 999.1 - Regulation governing the importation of dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Regulation governing the importation of dates. 999.1 Section 999.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING... CROPS; IMPORT REGULATIONS § 999.1 Regulation governing the importation of dates. (a) Definitions....

  16. 77 FR 30998 - Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Government...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ... Defense Acquisition Regulations System Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Government Property AGENCY: Defense Acquisition Regulations System, Department of... and Technical Information System,'' and is used when directed by the plant clearance officer. e....

  17. 49 CFR Appendix E to Part 99 - Statutes Regulating Post-Employment Responsibilities of Government and Special Government Employees

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Statutes Regulating Post-Employment Responsibilities of Government and Special Government Employees E Appendix E to Part 99 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT Pt. 99, App. E Appendix E...

  18. 76 FR 6003 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Marking of Government-Furnished Property

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-02

    ... administrator or other responsible Government official during a property management system analysis or audit... partial, advance, progress, or performance-based payments; (G) Intellectual property or software; or (H... 252 Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplements; Marking of Government-Furnished...

  19. 78 FR 72878 - Revisions to Procedural Regulations Governing Filing, Indexing and Service by Oil Pipelines...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-04

    ... modified to be more descriptive. For more information, contact Aaron Kahn, Office of Energy Market... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Revisions to Procedural Regulations Governing Filing, Indexing and...

  20. Performance Government: Activating and Regulating the Self-Governing Capacities of Teachers and School Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Peter C.

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses "performance government" as an emergent form of rule in advanced liberal democracies. It discloses how teachers and school leaders in Australia are being governed by the practices of performance government which centre on the recently established Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL) and…

  1. 75 FR 38675 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2008-011, Government Property

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ...The Civilian Agency Acquisition Council and the Defense Acquisition Regulations Council (Councils) have agreed on a final rule amending the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) to revise FAR part 45, Government Property, and its associated...

  2. 75 FR 22727 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Government-Assigned Serial Number Marking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-30

    ... Regulation Supplement; Government- Assigned Serial Number Marking (DFARS Case 2008-D047) AGENCY: Defense.... SUMMARY: DoD proposes to amend the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to...

  3. Dimensions of Environmental Management: Legitimation of Government Regulation by Industrial Managers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rickson, Roy E.

    1977-01-01

    Examines the environmental management issue of government regulation of water use and waste processes. Discusses problems of establishing authority in the interorganizational network of industry-government relationships. Research data are presented from a three-year study of industry-government relationships and pollution abatement change by…

  4. 76 FR 12315 - Committees on Collaborative Governance, Regulation, Rulemaking, Judicial Review, and Adjudication

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-07

    ...; ] ADMINISTRATIVE CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Committees on Collaborative Governance, Regulation, Rulemaking... 20036; Telephone 202-480-2080. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Committee on Collaborative Governance The Committee on Collaborative Governance will meet to consider a report by Professor James T. O'Reilly of...

  5. 14 CFR 221.61 - Rules and regulations governing foreign air transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Rules and regulations governing foreign air transportation. 221.61 Section 221.61 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Governing Tariffs § 221.61 Rules and...

  6. 76 FR 81362 - Regulations Governing the Performance of Actuarial Services Under the Employee Retirement Income...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-28

    ... published in the Federal Register on Thursday, March 31, 2011 (76 FR 17762). DATES: This correction is... ENROLLMENT OF ACTUARIES 20 CFR Part 901 RIN 1545-BC82 Regulations Governing the Performance of Actuarial...--REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE PERFORMANCE OF ACTUARIAL SERVICES UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY...

  7. 78 FR 62362 - Revisions to Procedural Regulations Governing Transportation by Intrastate Pipelines; Electronic...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-21

    ... Sarikas, Office of Energy Market Regulation at (202) 502-6831 or send an email to FERConline@ferc.gov... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Revisions to Procedural Regulations Governing Transportation by...

  8. 46 CFR 30.01-10 - Application of regulations governing alterations or repairs-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application of regulations governing alterations or repairs-TB/ALL. 30.01-10 Section 30.01-10 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS GENERAL PROVISIONS Administration § 30.01-10 Application of regulations governing alterations...

  9. Government Legislation and Regulations in the United States

    EPA Science Inventory

    For centuries, customary or traditional laws have covered the use of biological resources throughout the world. As human population levels increase in all societies, voluntary actions governed by cultural practices are frequently insufficient to protect biodiversity, leading to...

  10. Governance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academe, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Over the last 75 years the AAUP has made progress in specifying its standards of governance and in reconciling traditional governance with collective bargaining. Excerpts from the "Joint Statement on Government of Colleges and Universities" and the "Statement on Academic Government for Institutions Engaged in Collective Bargaining" are presented.…

  11. 7 CFR 301.91-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from regulated areas in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from regulated areas in quarantined States. 2 301.91-4 Section 301.91-4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC...

  12. 77 FR 12937 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Government Property

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-02

    ... INFORMATION: I. Background DoD, GSA, and NASA published a proposed rule in the Federal Register at 76 FR 18497...)(i), ``in consultation with the Property Administrator,'' and retain existing language at (j)(2). Add...)(v)(A). The language regarding the management of Government property in subcontractors' possession...

  13. Government and Campus: Federal Regulation of Religiously Affiliated Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaffney, Edward McGlynn, Jr.; Moots, Philip R.

    Federal regulation of church-related colleges and universities was studied. Usable responses were received from 210 of 800 church-related institutions concerning the role of religion in everyday life of the institutions and the particular problems created for them by federal regulation. A legal analysis is presented of the major problems that…

  14. Government Regulation of the Pursuit of Knowledge: The Recombinant DNA Controversy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berger, Richard G.

    1978-01-01

    Government regulation of recombinant DNA research is addressed. Issues discussed include the potential of such research; National Institutes of Health guidelines; federal, state, and local regulation; the controversy over self-regulation; first amendment protection for scientific research; and problems in drafting legislation. (JMD)

  15. 7 CFR 999.200 - Regulation governing the importation of prunes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Regulation governing the importation of prunes. 999.200 Section 999.200 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY CROPS; IMPORT REGULATIONS §...

  16. 7 CFR 999.200 - Regulation governing the importation of prunes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Regulation governing the importation of prunes. 999.200 Section 999.200 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY CROPS; IMPORT REGULATIONS §...

  17. 32 CFR 700.857 - Safe navigation and regulations governing operation of ships and aircraft.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safe navigation and regulations governing operation of ships and aircraft. 700.857 Section 700.857 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS The...

  18. State Laws and Regulations Governing Teachers Certificates. Bulletin, 1921, No. 22

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Katherine M.

    1921-01-01

    This study is intended to present information as complete as possible concerning the laws and regulations which govern the issue of teachers' certificates in the United States in so far as they are regulated by State legislation or State administrative departments. Licenses to teach issued by city boards in accordance with regulations prescribed…

  19. 7 CFR 999.1 - Regulation governing the importation of dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Regulation governing the importation of dates. 999.1 Section 999.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY CROPS; IMPORT REGULATIONS §...

  20. 25 CFR 1000.220 - What regulations apply to self-governance Tribes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What regulations apply to self-governance Tribes? 1000.220 Section 1000.220 Indians OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY, INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE...-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.220 What regulations apply to...

  1. 25 CFR 1000.220 - What regulations apply to self-governance Tribes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false What regulations apply to self-governance Tribes? 1000.220 Section 1000.220 Indians OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY, INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE...-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.220 What regulations apply to...

  2. 25 CFR 1000.220 - What regulations apply to self-governance Tribes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What regulations apply to self-governance Tribes? 1000.220 Section 1000.220 Indians OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY, INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE...-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.220 What regulations apply to...

  3. 25 CFR 1000.220 - What regulations apply to self-governance Tribes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What regulations apply to self-governance Tribes? 1000.220 Section 1000.220 Indians OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY, INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE...-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.220 What regulations apply to...

  4. 25 CFR 1000.220 - What regulations apply to self-governance Tribes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What regulations apply to self-governance Tribes? 1000.220 Section 1000.220 Indians OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY, INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE...-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.220 What regulations apply to...

  5. Cell Fate Regulation Governed by a Repurposed Bacterial Histidine Kinase

    PubMed Central

    Mann, Thomas H.; Mathews, Irimpan I.; Blair, Jimmy A.; Deacon, Ashley M.; Shapiro, Lucy

    2014-01-01

    One of the simplest organisms to divide asymmetrically is the bacterium Caulobacter crescentus. The DivL pseudo-histidine kinase, positioned at one cell pole, regulates cell-fate by controlling the activation of the global transcription factor CtrA via an interaction with the response regulator (RR) DivK. DivL uniquely contains a tyrosine at the histidine phosphorylation site, and can achieve these regulatory functions in vivo without kinase activity. Determination of the DivL crystal structure and biochemical analysis of wild-type and site-specific DivL mutants revealed that the DivL PAS domains regulate binding specificity for DivK∼P over DivK, which is modulated by an allosteric intramolecular interaction between adjacent domains. We discovered that DivL's catalytic domains have been repurposed as a phosphospecific RR input sensor, thereby reversing the flow of information observed in conventional histidine kinase (HK)-RR systems and coupling a complex network of signaling proteins for cell-fate regulation. PMID:25349992

  6. Cell fate regulation governed by a repurposed bacterial histidine kinase

    SciTech Connect

    Childers, W. Seth; Xu, Qingping; Mann, Thomas H.; Mathews, Irimpan I.; Blair, Jimmy A.; Deacon, Ashley M.; Shapiro, Lucy; Stock, Ann M.

    2014-10-28

    One of the simplest organisms to divide asymmetrically is the bacterium Caulobacter crescentus. The DivL pseudo-histidine kinase, positioned at one cell pole, regulates cell-fate by controlling the activation of the global transcription factor CtrA via an interaction with the response regulator (RR) DivK. DivL uniquely contains a tyrosine at the histidine phosphorylation site, and can achieve these regulatory functions in vivo without kinase activity. Determination of the DivL crystal structure and biochemical analysis of wild-type and site-specific DivL mutants revealed that the DivL PAS domains regulate binding specificity for DivK~P over DivK, which is modulated by an allosteric intramolecular interaction between adjacent domains. We discovered that DivL's catalytic domains have been repurposed as a phosphospecific RR input sensor, thereby reversing the flow of information observed in conventional histidine kinase (HK)-RR systems and coupling a complex network of signaling proteins for cell-fate regulation.

  7. Cell fate regulation governed by a repurposed bacterial histidine kinase

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Childers, W. Seth; Xu, Qingping; Mann, Thomas H.; Mathews, Irimpan I.; Blair, Jimmy A.; Deacon, Ashley M.; Shapiro, Lucy; Stock, Ann M.

    2014-10-28

    One of the simplest organisms to divide asymmetrically is the bacterium Caulobacter crescentus. The DivL pseudo-histidine kinase, positioned at one cell pole, regulates cell-fate by controlling the activation of the global transcription factor CtrA via an interaction with the response regulator (RR) DivK. DivL uniquely contains a tyrosine at the histidine phosphorylation site, and can achieve these regulatory functions in vivo without kinase activity. Determination of the DivL crystal structure and biochemical analysis of wild-type and site-specific DivL mutants revealed that the DivL PAS domains regulate binding specificity for DivK~P over DivK, which is modulated by an allosteric intramolecular interactionmore » between adjacent domains. We discovered that DivL's catalytic domains have been repurposed as a phosphospecific RR input sensor, thereby reversing the flow of information observed in conventional histidine kinase (HK)-RR systems and coupling a complex network of signaling proteins for cell-fate regulation.« less

  8. 75 FR 38765 - Domestic Origin Verification System Questionnaire and Regulations Governing Inspection and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-06

    ..., container number, country of origin, customs entry number, bill of lading number, broker reference number... Agricultural Marketing Service Domestic Origin Verification System Questionnaire and Regulations Governing... submitting the comments will be made public. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: ``Domestic Origin...

  9. 76 FR 11985 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Reporting of Government-Furnished Property

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-04

    ...DoD is proposing to amend the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to revise and expand reporting requirements for Government-furnished property to include items uniquely and non-uniquely identified, and to clarify policy for contractor access to Government supply...

  10. 75 FR 3395 - Migratory Bird Permits; Changes in the Regulations Governing Falconry

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service 50 CFR Parts 21 and 22 RIN 1018-AW44 Migratory Bird Permits; Changes in the Regulations Governing Falconry Correction In rule document 2010-12 beginning on page 927 in the issue...

  11. 76 FR 64885 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Reporting of Government-Furnished Property...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ...DoD is proposing to amend the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to revise and expand reporting requirements for Government-furnished property to include items uniquely and non-uniquely identified and clarify policy for contractor access to Government supply...

  12. 75 FR 40754 - Government in the Sunshine Act Regulations of the National Science Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 45 CFR Part 614 RIN 3145-AA53 Government in the Sunshine Act Regulations of the National Science Board AGENCY: National Science Board (NSB), National Science Foundation (NSF). ACTION: Direct final...

  13. 26 CFR 1.892-3T - Income of foreign governments (temporary regulations).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Income of foreign governments (temporary regulations). 1.892-3T Section 1.892-3T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.892-3T Income of foreign governments...

  14. 75 FR 8329 - Regulations Governing the Conduct of Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Regulations Governing the Conduct of Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects; Notice of Rescheduled Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects Open Season Pre-Filing Workshop February 17, 2010....

  15. How State and Local Governments Regulate Economic Activities: A Consumer Briefing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Helen E.

    This paper depicts some of the ways State and local governments define, regulate, and police the communities and markets where consumers convert their income into a way of life. Explained are how regulatory processes are developed in State and local government, what the underlying concepts are, and some of the access points for fruitful citizen…

  16. Governing childhood obesity: framing regulation of fast food advertising in the Australian print media.

    PubMed

    Henderson, Julie; Coveney, John; Ward, Paul; Taylor, Anne

    2009-11-01

    Childhood obesity is widely constructed as reaching epidemic proportions with consumption of fast food viewed as a contributing factor. This paper analyses media reporting of the regulation of fast food consumption to children. A media search of five Australian newspapers for the period January 2006 to June 2008 elicited 100 articles relating to the regulation of fast food advertising to children. Content and thematic analysis of the articles reveal conflicting perspectives on the role of the state; the level of accountability of the food and advertising industries; and responsibilities of parents for regulating fast food consumption in children. The Federal Government, food and advertising industries and free to air broadcasters favour industry self-regulation and personal responsibility for fast food consumption while the proponents of government regulation include consumer groups, state government health ministers, nutrition and public health academics and medical and health foundations. The regulation of fast food advertising to children is discussed in relation to ideas about governance and the public health strategies which follow from these ideas. The paper argues that all proposed solutions are indicative of a neoliberal approach to the governance of health insofar as the responsibility for regulation of food marketing is viewed as lying with industry and the regulation of lifestyle risk is viewed as an individual responsibility. PMID:19758736

  17. Improving government regulations: a guidebook for conservation and renewable energy

    SciTech Connect

    Neese, R. J.; Scheer, R. M.; Marasco, A. L.

    1981-04-01

    An integrated view of the Office of Conservation and Solar Energy (CS) policy making encompassing both administrative procedures and policy analysis is presented. Chapter One very briefly sketches each step in the development of a significant regulation, noting important requirements and participants. Chapter Two expands upon the Overview, providing the details of the process, the rationale and source of requirements, concurrence procedures, and advice on the timing and synchronization of steps. Chapter Three explains the types of analysis documents that may be required for a program. Regulatory Analyses, Environmental Impact Statements, Urban and Community Impact Analyses, and Regulatory Flexibility Analyses are all discussed. Specific information to be included in the documents and the circumstances under which the documents need to be prepared are explained. Chapter Four is a step-by-step discussion of how to do good analysis. Use of models and data bases is discussed. Policy objectives, alternatives, and decision making are explained. In Chapter five guidance is provided on identifying the public that would most likely be interested in the regulation, involving its constituents in a dialogue with CS, evaluating and handling comments, and engineering the final response. Chapter Six provides direction on planning the evaluation, monitoring the regulation's success once it has been promulgated, and allowing for constructive support or criticism from outside DOE. (MCW)

  18. 20 CFR 220.37 - When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... governed by the regulations of the Social Security Administration. 220.37 Section 220.37 Employees... Disability Determinations Governed by the Regulations of the Social Security Administration § 220.37 When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

  19. 20 CFR 220.37 - When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... governed by the regulations of the Social Security Administration. 220.37 Section 220.37 Employees... Disability Determinations Governed by the Regulations of the Social Security Administration § 220.37 When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

  20. 20 CFR 220.37 - When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... governed by the regulations of the Social Security Administration. 220.37 Section 220.37 Employees... Disability Determinations Governed by the Regulations of the Social Security Administration § 220.37 When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

  1. 20 CFR 220.37 - When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... governed by the regulations of the Social Security Administration. 220.37 Section 220.37 Employees... Disability Determinations Governed by the Regulations of the Social Security Administration § 220.37 When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

  2. 20 CFR 220.37 - When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... governed by the regulations of the Social Security Administration. 220.37 Section 220.37 Employees... Disability Determinations Governed by the Regulations of the Social Security Administration § 220.37 When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

  3. 7 CFR 351.7 - Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Regulations governing importation by mail of plant material for immediate export. 351.7 Section 351.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPORTATION OF PLANTS OR PLANT PRODUCTS BY MAIL §...

  4. 76 FR 81362 - Regulations Governing the Performance of Actuarial Services Under the Employee Retirement Income...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-28

    ..., 2011 (76 FR 17762) relating to the enrollment of actuaries. DATES: This correction is effective on..., the publication of the final regulations (TD 9517) which were the subject of FR Doc. 2011-7573 is... ENROLLMENT OF ACTUARIES 20 CFR Part 901 RIN 1545-BC82 Regulations Governing the Performance of...

  5. 76 FR 9527 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Reporting of Government-Furnished Property...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-18

    .... Background DoD published a proposed rule in the Federal Register on December 22, 2010 (75 FR 80426), with a... Regulation Supplement; Reporting of Government-Furnished Property (DFARS Case 2009-D043) AGENCY: Defense... period. SUMMARY: DoD is proposing to amend the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement...

  6. 43 CFR 3270.10 - What types of geothermal operations are governed by these utilization regulations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What types of geothermal operations are governed by these utilization regulations? 3270.10 Section 3270.10 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE...

  7. 43 CFR 1812.1-1 - Regulations governing practice before the Department.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Department. 1812.1-1 Section 1812.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued... GUIDANCE Qualifications of Practitioners § 1812.1-1 Regulations governing practice before the Department..., must comply with the requirements of part 1 of this title....

  8. 43 CFR 1812.1-1 - Regulations governing practice before the Department.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Department. 1812.1-1 Section 1812.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued... GUIDANCE Qualifications of Practitioners § 1812.1-1 Regulations governing practice before the Department..., must comply with the requirements of part 1 of this title....

  9. 43 CFR 1812.1-1 - Regulations governing practice before the Department.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Department. 1812.1-1 Section 1812.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued... GUIDANCE Qualifications of Practitioners § 1812.1-1 Regulations governing practice before the Department..., must comply with the requirements of part 1 of this title....

  10. Governance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, K. D.

    The author notes that two trends appear to be developing in litigation over the governance of the public schools. One trend is increasing participation of organized groups in suits against the schools. The other is a greater volume of litigation dealing with open meeting laws and freedom of information acts. Reflecting the second trend, the…

  11. Government regulations and other influences on the medical use of computers.

    PubMed

    Mishelevich, D J; Grams, R R; Mize, S G; Smith, J P

    1979-01-01

    This paper presents points brought out in a panel discussion held at the 12th Hawaiian International Conference on System Sciences, January 1979. The session was attended by approximately two dozen interested parties from various segments of the academic, government, and health care communities. The broad categories covered include the specific problems of government regulations and their impact on specific clinical information systems installed at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Dallas, opportunities in a regulated environment, problems in a regulated environment, vendor-related issues in the marketing and manufacture of computer-based information systems, rational approaches to government control, and specific issues related to medical computer science. PMID:548568

  12. 78 FR 53055 - Regulations Governing Fees for Services Performed in Connection With Licensing and Related...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-28

    ... Surface Transportation Board 49 CFR Part 1002 Regulations Governing Fees for Services Performed in Connection With Licensing and Related Services--2013 Update AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board, DOT. ACTION... Officer, Room 1200, Surface Transportation Board, Washington, DC 20423- 0001. * * * * * 0 3. In Sec....

  13. 75 FR 29917 - Migratory Bird Permits; Changes in the Regulations Governing Migratory Bird Rehabilitation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ... FR 61123) to establish regulations for the issuance of permits to rehabilitate migratory birds in the... Relations with Native American Tribal Governments'' (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we... Fish and Wildlife Service 50 CFR Part 21 RIN 1018-AX09 Migratory Bird Permits; Changes in...

  14. 76 FR 71823 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Responsibility and Liability for Government...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-18

    ... Regulation Supplement: Responsibility and Liability for Government Property (DFARS Case 2010-D018) AGENCY.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background DoD published a proposed rule at 76 FR 21852 on April 19, 2011. Twenty... responsibility for all costs and resulting profit and loss. The FAR already provides that contractors are...

  15. 76 FR 52139 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Government; Property (DFARS Case 2009-D008)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-19

    ... changes to FAR subparts 45.6 and 45.7, published in the Federal Register at 72 FR 27364 on May 15, 2007. A proposed DFARS rule was published in the Federal Register at 75 FR 75444 on December 3, 2010. The public... Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Government; Property (DFARS Case 2009-D008) AGENCY: Defense...

  16. 76 FR 11190 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Reporting of Government-Furnished Property...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-01

    ... published a proposed rule in the Federal Register on December 22, 2010 (75 FR 80427). DoD published an extension of the public comment period on February 18, 2011 (75 FR 9527). The public comment period ends on... Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Reporting of Government-Furnished Property (DFARS Case 2009-D043)...

  17. 75 FR 927 - Migratory Bird Permits; Changes in the Regulations Governing Falconry

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-07

    ... Federal Register (73 FR 59448) to revise our regulations governing falconry in the United States. We... (75 FR 36158) to clarify or correct some provisions in the rule. Comments on the Proposed Rule We... falconer uses their bird in a Harry Potter movie, but the potential problems in that space are...

  18. 76 FR 46628 - Regulations Governing Fees for Services Performed in Connection With Licensing and Related...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-03

    ... Surface Transportation Board 49 CFR Part 1002 Regulations Governing Fees for Services Performed in Connection With Licensing and Related Services--2011 Update AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board. ACTION... proceedings $250. (61)(i) An appeal of a Surface Transportation Board $250. decision on the merits or...

  19. 75 FR 44158 - Regulations Governing Fees for Services Performed in Connection With Licensing and Related...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-28

    ... Surface Transportation Board 49 CFR Part 1002 Regulations Governing Fees for Services Performed in Connection With Licensing and Related Services--2010 Update AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board, DOT. ACTION... Surface $250. Transportation Board decision on the merits or petition to revoke an exemption pursuant...

  20. 34 CFR 655.1 - Which programs do these regulations govern?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended); (b) The Language Resource Centers Program (section 603... International Research and Studies Program (section 605); and (e) The Business and International Education... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Which programs do these regulations govern?...

  1. 75 FR 6370 - Regulations Governing the Conduct of Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Regulations Governing the Conduct of Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects; Notice of Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects Open Season Pre-Filing Workshop... hold a workshop on the procedures and process for holding and commenting on an open season for...

  2. 26 CFR 1.892-2T - Foreign government defined (temporary regulations).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Foreign government defined (temporary regulations). 1.892-2T Section 1.892-2T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... in turn invests such contributions partially in United States Treasury obligations. The income of...

  3. 26 CFR 1.892-2T - Foreign government defined (temporary regulations).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Foreign government defined (temporary regulations). 1.892-2T Section 1.892-2T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... in turn invests such contributions partially in United States Treasury obligations. The income of...

  4. 26 CFR 1.892-2T - Foreign government defined (temporary regulations).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Foreign government defined (temporary regulations). 1.892-2T Section 1.892-2T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... in turn invests such contributions partially in United States Treasury obligations. The income of...

  5. 26 CFR 1.892-2T - Foreign government defined (temporary regulations).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Foreign government defined (temporary regulations). 1.892-2T Section 1.892-2T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... in turn invests such contributions partially in United States Treasury obligations. The income of...

  6. 26 CFR 1.892-2T - Foreign government defined (temporary regulations).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Foreign government defined (temporary regulations). 1.892-2T Section 1.892-2T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... in turn invests such contributions partially in United States Treasury obligations. The income of...

  7. 75 FR 15336 - Regulations Governing the Conduct of Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-29

    ...The Commission is amending its regulations, in order to clarify them in response to Order Nos. 717 and 717- A, governing the Standards of Conduct for transmission providers. These amendments are required in order to make clear to prospective applicants for an Alaska natural gas transportation project which Standards of Conduct are applicable to conducting open seasons for Alaska natural gas......

  8. Limiting the influence of pharmaceutical industry gifts on physicians: self-regulation or government intervention?

    PubMed

    Grande, David

    2010-01-01

    Concerns over the influence of pharmaceutical gifts on physicians have surged in recent years. This has prompted wide ranging legislative proposals in numerous states and in the federal government as well as stepped up efforts at self-regulation by the pharmaceutical industry and the medical profession. Policymakers face the decision of whether to defer to self-regulation or support government intervention. This commentary describes efforts at self-regulation by the pharmaceutical industry and the medical profession. The author examines and critiques the wide ranging legislative strategies pursued to limit the influence of pharmaceutical gifts on physicians and concludes with suggestions for policymakers and the profession to limit influence and preserve public trust. PMID:19756874

  9. Limiting the Influence of Pharmaceutical Industry Gifts on Physicians: Self-Regulation or Government Intervention?

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Concerns over the influence of pharmaceutical gifts on physicians have surged in recent years. This has prompted wide ranging legislative proposals in numerous states and in the federal government as well as stepped up efforts at self-regulation by the pharmaceutical industry and the medical profession. Policymakers face the decision of whether to defer to self-regulation or support government intervention. This commentary describes efforts at self-regulation by the pharmaceutical industry and the medical profession. The author examines and critiques the wide ranging legislative strategies pursued to limit the influence of pharmaceutical gifts on physicians and concludes with suggestions for policymakers and the profession to limit influence and preserve public trust. PMID:19756874

  10. Participatory health impact assessment for the development of local government regulation on hazard control

    SciTech Connect

    Inmuong, Uraiwan; Rithmak, Panee; Srisookwatana, Soomol; Traithin, Nathathai; Maisuporn, Pornpun

    2011-07-15

    The Thai Public Health Act 1992 required the Thai local governments to issue respective regulations to take control of any possible health-hazard related activities, both from commercial and noncommercial sources. Since 1999, there has been centrally decentralized of power to a new form of local government establishment, namely Sub-district Administrative Organization (SAO). The SAO is asmall-scale local governing structure while its legitimate function is for community services, including control of health impact related activities. Most elected SAO administrators and officers are new and less experience with any of public health code of practice, particularly on health-hazard control. This action research attempted to introduce and apply a participatory health impact assessment (HIA) tool for the development of SAO health-hazard control regulation. The study sites were at Ban Meang and Kok See SAOs, Khon Kaen Province, Thailand, while all intervention activities conducted during May 2005-April 2006. A set of cooperative activities between researchers and community representatives were planned and organized by; surveying and identifying place and service base locally causing local environmental health problems, organizing community participatory workshops for drafting and proposing the health-hazard control regulation, and appropriate practices for health-hazard controlling measures. This action research eventually could successfully enable the SAO administrators and officers understanding of local environmental-related health problem, as well as development of imposed health-hazard control regulation for local community.

  11. United States Government Regulations and International Standards Related to Food Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nielsen, S. Suzanne

    Knowledge of government regulations relevant to the chemical analysis of foods is extremely important to persons working in the food industry. Federal laws and regulations reinforce the efforts of the food industry to provide wholesome foods, to inform consumers about the nutritional composition of foods, and to eliminate economic frauds. In some cases, they dictate what ingredients a food must contain, what must be tested, and the procedures used to analyze foods for safety factors and quality attributes. This chapter describes the US federal regulations related to the composition of foods. The reader is referred to references (1-4) for comprehensive coverage of US food laws and regulations. Many of the regulations referred to in this chapter are published in the various titles of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) (5). This chapter also includes information about food standards and safety practices established by international organizations. Internet addresses are given at the end of this chapter for many of the government agencies, organizations, and documents discussed.

  12. 36 CFR 251.14 - Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise of timber rights reserved in conveyance to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... regulations to govern exercise of timber rights reserved in conveyance to the United States. 251.14 Section... Miscellaneous Land Uses Natural Resources Control § 251.14 Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise... undertakes to exercise the reserved rights, hereinafter called operator, shall give prior written notice...

  13. 36 CFR 251.14 - Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise of timber rights reserved in conveyance to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... regulations to govern exercise of timber rights reserved in conveyance to the United States. 251.14 Section... Miscellaneous Land Uses Natural Resources Control § 251.14 Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise... undertakes to exercise the reserved rights, hereinafter called operator, shall give prior written notice...

  14. 36 CFR 251.15 - Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise of mineral rights reserved in conveyances to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... regulations to govern exercise of mineral rights reserved in conveyances to the United States. 251.15 Section... Miscellaneous Land Uses Natural Resources Control § 251.15 Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise... obedience thereto: (1) Whoever undertakes to exercise the reserved rights shall give prior written notice...

  15. The Impact of Government Regulations on Early Childhood Services: Perceptions of Early Childhood Professionals in the South West of England.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodd, Jillian

    1999-01-01

    Interviewed 24 early-childhood service managers to study impact of government regulations on daily practices within a range of early-childhood services in southwest England. Found that the majority of respondents considered government regulations to be related to meeting minimum standards rather than to quality assurance and were confused about…

  16. Governance strategies for living technologies: bridging the gap between stimulating and regulating technoscience.

    PubMed

    van Est, Rinie; Stemerding, Dirk

    2013-01-01

    The life sciences present a politically and ethically sensitive area of technology development. NBIC convergence-the convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology, and information and cognitive technology-presents an increased interaction between the biological and physical sciences. As a result the bio-debate is no longer dominated by biotechnology, but driven by NBIC convergence. NBIC convergence enables two bioengineering megatrends: "biology becoming technology" and "technology becoming biology." The notion of living technologies captures the latter megatrend. Accordingly, living technology presents a politically and ethically sensitive area. This implies that governments sooner or later are faced with the challenge of both promoting and regulating the development of living technology. This article describes four current political models to deal with innovation promotion and risk regulation. Based on two specific developments in the field of living technologies-(psycho)physiological computing and synthetic biology-we reflect on appropriate governance strategies for living technologies. We conclude that recent pleas for anticipatory and deliberative governance tend to neglect the need for anticipatory regulation as a key factor in guiding the development of the life sciences from a societal perspective. In particular, when it is expected that a certain living technology will radically challenge current regulatory systems, one should opt for just such a more active biopolitical approach. PMID:23834596

  17. Impact of government regulations on leadtimes of coal facilities. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, J.; Carboni, J.V.; Shah, D.V.; White, J.M. Jr.

    1980-08-01

    The ability of the US to increase coal use depends on the leadtimes required to bring from inception into operation: (1) new coal use facilities such as powerplants, industrial boilers, coke ovens, and coal-based synfuel plants; and (2) new coal facilities including surface mines, deep mines, coal preparation plants, and railroad lines. This study examines the effect of government regulations on the leadtimes for the following ten facilities: surface mines on federal land; surface mines - private surface/private coal; underground coal mines; coal preparation plants; railroad lines; coal-fired electric generating plants; coal-fired industrial facilities; coke plants; synthetic fuels; and transmission lines. Environmental activities consume a significant portion of critical path time for all facilities. The time spent for obtaining permits and licenses account for as much as 63% of total critical path time in the case of a new railroad line servicing a coal mine in the western US. For surface mines, permitting accounts for 33% of total project critical path; for underground mines, it is 43%. Permitting requires 26 and 42% of the critical paths for new industrial facilities and power plants, respectively. Long durations of critical environmental activities account for much of the uncertainty surrounding the approval of large coal projects. Government regulations have also affected the way companies conduct their business. Dealing with government regulations has become as important to the completion of new coal facilities as project financing, design, and construction.

  18. Government regulation of gambling advertising: Replacing vice prevention with consumer protection.

    PubMed

    Rothman, M; Robbins, H

    1991-12-01

    From 1895 to 1975, federal law forbade gambling advertising by use of the mail, interstate commerce, and the broadcast media. Congress exempted state lotteries in 1975 and charitable gambling (including casino games) in 1988. However, the Supreme Court requires a significant government interest, directly applied and narrowly tailored, in order to justify a commercial speech regulation. The exemptions for private charity casino games has arguably destroyed any constitutionally defensible government interest in restricting for-profit casinos. Casinos in new gambling jurisdictions (such as Iowa or Illinois) will probably push the hardest for an exemption for all legal gambling, as they have the most to gain from the freedom to advertise. Federal regulation of gambling advertising will fall to the Federal Trade Commission under prohibitions against "unfair or deceptive" trade practices. But as State regulations are not well developed even in states that permit casino gambling, there is a pressing need for new research to review state laws regulating gambling advertising and to propose a model statute. PMID:24243220

  19. [Changes in the regulation and government of the health system. SESPAS report 2014].

    PubMed

    Repullo, José R

    2014-06-01

    The economic and fiscal crisis of 2008 has erupted into the debate on the sustainability of health systems; some countries, such as Spain, have implemented strong policies of fiscal consolidation and austerity. The institutional framework and governance model of the national health system (NHS) after its devolution to regions in 2002 had significant weaknesses, which were not apparent in the rapid growth stage but which have been clearly visible since 2010. In this article, we describe the changes in government regulation from the national and NHS perspective: both general changes (clearly prompted by the economic authorities), and those more specifically addressed to healthcare. The Royal Decree-Law 16/2012 represents the centerpiece of austerity policies in healthcare but also implies a rupture with existing political consensus and a return to social security models. Our characterization of austerity in healthcare explores impacts on savings, services, and on the healthcare model itself, although the available information only allows some indications. The conclusions highlight the need to change the path of linear, rapid and radical budget cuts, providing a time-frame for implementing key reforms in terms of internal sustainability; to do so, it is appropriate to restore political and institutional consensus, to emphasize "clinical management" and divestment of inappropriate services (approach to the medical profession and its role as micro-manager), and to create frameworks of good governance and organizational innovations that support these structural reforms. PMID:24863996

  20. AMPK governs lineage specification through Tfeb-dependent regulation of lysosomes

    PubMed Central

    Young, Nathan P.; Kamireddy, Anwesh; Van Nostrand, Jeanine L.; Eichner, Lillian J.; Shokhirev, Maxim Nikolaievich; Dayn, Yelena; Shaw, Reuben J.

    2016-01-01

    Faithful execution of developmental programs relies on the acquisition of unique cell identities from pluripotent progenitors, a process governed by combinatorial inputs from numerous signaling cascades that ultimately dictate lineage-specific transcriptional outputs. Despite growing evidence that metabolism is integrated with many molecular networks, how pathways that control energy homeostasis may affect cell fate decisions is largely unknown. Here, we show that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a central metabolic regulator, plays critical roles in lineage specification. Although AMPK-deficient embryonic stem cells (ESCs) were normal in the pluripotent state, these cells displayed profound defects upon differentiation, failing to generate chimeric embryos and preferentially adopting an ectodermal fate at the expense of the endoderm during embryoid body (EB) formation. AMPK−/− EBs exhibited reduced levels of Tfeb, a master transcriptional regulator of lysosomes, leading to diminished endolysosomal function. Remarkably, genetic loss of Tfeb also yielded endodermal defects, while AMPK-null ESCs overexpressing this transcription factor normalized their differential potential, revealing an intimate connection between Tfeb/lysosomes and germ layer specification. The compromised endolysosomal system resulting from AMPK or Tfeb inactivation blunted Wnt signaling, while up-regulating this pathway restored expression of endodermal markers. Collectively, these results uncover the AMPK pathway as a novel regulator of cell fate determination during differentiation. PMID:26944679

  1. 20 CFR 220.38 - When a widow(er)'s disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... is governed by the regulations of the Social Security Administration. 220.38 Section 220.38 Employees... Disability Determinations Governed by the Regulations of the Social Security Administration § 220.38 When a widow(er)'s disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social...

  2. 20 CFR 220.38 - When a widow(er)'s disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... is governed by the regulations of the Social Security Administration. 220.38 Section 220.38 Employees... Disability Determinations Governed by the Regulations of the Social Security Administration § 220.38 When a widow(er)'s disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social...

  3. 20 CFR 220.38 - When a widow(er)'s disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... governed by the regulations of the Social Security Administration. 220.38 Section 220.38 Employees... Disability Determinations Governed by the Regulations of the Social Security Administration § 220.38 When a widow(er)'s disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social...

  4. 20 CFR 220.38 - When a widow(er)'s disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... governed by the regulations of the Social Security Administration. 220.38 Section 220.38 Employees... Disability Determinations Governed by the Regulations of the Social Security Administration § 220.38 When a widow(er)'s disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social...

  5. 20 CFR 220.38 - When a widow(er)'s disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... is governed by the regulations of the Social Security Administration. 220.38 Section 220.38 Employees... Disability Determinations Governed by the Regulations of the Social Security Administration § 220.38 When a widow(er)'s disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social...

  6. 10 CFR Appendix A to Part 603 - Applicable Federal Statutes, Executive Orders, and Government-wide Regulations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Applicable Federal Statutes, Executive Orders, and Government-wide Regulations A Appendix A to Part 603 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Pt. 603, App. A Appendix A to Part 603—Applicable Federal Statutes, Executive Orders, and...

  7. 7 CFR 301.85-3 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined States. 2

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Golden Nematode Quarantine and Regulations § 301.85-3 Conditions governing the... of the golden nematode and the person in possession thereof has been so notified; or (v) Through or... golden nematode exists; or (v) Through or reshipped from any regulated area if the articles...

  8. A Position Paper on the Roles of Federal, State and Local Governments on Standards, Regulations and Laws for Day Care.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaccaria, Michael A.; Hollomon, John W.

    The goals of this position paper are: (1) to describe some specific roles the federal state and local governments can play in regard to child care standards and regulations and (2) to make some straightforward and down-to-earth suggestions, which should undergird national child care standards and regulations, as these relate to day care. Some of…

  9. 7 CFR 301.86-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas. 301.86-4 Section 301.86-4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Pale Cyst Nematode...

  10. 7 CFR 301.51-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... permit issued and attached in accordance with §§ 301.51-5 and 301.51-8; (2) Without a certificate or... regulated articles from quarantined areas. 301.51-4 Section 301.51-4 Agriculture Regulations of the... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Asian Longhorned Beetle § 301.51-4 Conditions governing the interstate...

  11. 7 CFR 301.74-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Plum Pox § 301.74-4 Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated... Departmental permit and found by the Administrator to be adequate to prevent the spread of plum pox; and (4... plum pox while in the quarantined area; (2) The regulated article's point of origin is indicated on...

  12. 7 CFR 301.74-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Plum Pox § 301.74-4 Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated... Departmental permit and found by the Administrator to be adequate to prevent the spread of plum pox; and (4... plum pox while in the quarantined area; (2) The regulated article's point of origin is indicated on...

  13. 7 CFR 301.74-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Plum Pox § 301.74-4 Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated... Departmental permit and found by the Administrator to be adequate to prevent the spread of plum pox; and (4... plum pox while in the quarantined area; (2) The regulated article's point of origin is indicated on...

  14. 7 CFR 301.74-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Plum Pox § 301.74-4 Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated... Departmental permit and found by the Administrator to be adequate to prevent the spread of plum pox; and (4... plum pox while in the quarantined area; (2) The regulated article's point of origin is indicated on...

  15. 7 CFR 301.74-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Plum Pox § 301.74-4 Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated... Departmental permit and found by the Administrator to be adequate to prevent the spread of plum pox; and (4... plum pox while in the quarantined area; (2) The regulated article's point of origin is indicated on...

  16. Spatial Regulation of Histidine Kinases Governing Biofilm Formation in Bacillus subtilis▿ †

    PubMed Central

    McLoon, Anna L.; Kolodkin-Gal, Ilana; Rubinstein, Shmuel M.; Kolter, Roberto; Losick, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Bacillus subtilis is able to form architecturally complex biofilms on solid medium due to the production of an extracellular matrix. A master regulator that controls the expression of the genes involved in matrix synthesis is Spo0A, which is activated by phosphorylation via a phosphorelay involving multiple histidine kinases. Here we report that four kinases, KinA, KinB, KinC, and KinD, help govern biofilm formation but that their contributions are partially masked by redundancy. We show that the kinases fall into two categories and that the members of each pair (one pair comprising KinA and KinB and the other comprising KinC and KinD) are partially redundant with each other. We also show that the kinases are spatially regulated: KinA and KinB are active principally in the older, inner regions of the colony, and KinC and KinD function chiefly in the younger, outer regions. These conclusions are based on the morphology of kinase mutants, real-time measurements of gene expression using luciferase as a reporter, and confocal microscopy using a fluorescent protein as a reporter. Our findings suggest that multiple signals from the older and younger regions of the colony are integrated by the kinases to determine the overall architecture of the biofilm community. PMID:21097618

  17. Oil on the water: Government regulation of a carcinogen in the twentieth-century Lancashire cotton spinning industry.

    PubMed

    Higgins, David; Tweedale, Geoffrey

    2010-01-01

    In the Lancashire cotton textile industry, mule spinners were prone to a chronic and sometimes fatal skin cancer (often affecting the groin). The disease had reached epidemic proportions by the 1920s, which necessitated action by the government, employers, and trade unions. In contrast to previous accounts, this article focuses on the government's reaction to mule spinners' cancer. Using official records in the National Archives, the slow introduction of health and safety measures by the government is explored in detail. Although obstructionism by the employers played a key role, one of the reasons for government inaction was the ambiguity of scientific research on engineering oils. On the other hand, prolonged scientific research suited a government policy that was framed around self regulation - a policy that had proved largely ineffective by the 1950s. PMID:20734570

  18. Private governance, public purpose? Assessing transparency and accountability in self-regulation of food advertising to children.

    PubMed

    Reeve, Belinda

    2013-06-01

    Reducing non-core food advertising to children is an important priority in strategies to address childhood obesity. Public health researchers argue for government intervention on the basis that food industry self-regulation is ineffective; however, the industry contends that the existing voluntary scheme adequately addresses community concerns. This paper examines the operation of two self-regulatory initiatives governing food advertising to children in Australia, in order to determine whether these regulatory processes foster transparent and accountable self-regulation. The paper concludes that while both codes appear to establish transparency and accountability mechanisms, they do not provide for meaningful stakeholder participation in the self-regulatory scheme. Accordingly, food industry self-regulation is unlikely to reflect public health concerns or to be perceived as a legitimate form of governance by external stakeholders. If industry regulation is to remain a feasible alternative to statutory regulation, there is a strong argument for strengthening government oversight and implementing a co-regulatory scheme. PMID:23585017

  19. 10 CFR Appendix A to Part 603 - Applicable Federal Statutes, Executive Orders, and Government-wide Regulations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Government-wide common rule that the DOE has codified at 10 CFR part 601. The “List of Certifications and... Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d, et seq.) as implemented by DOE regulations at 10 CFR part 1040. These... Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101, et seq.) as implemented by DOE regulations at 10 CFR part 1040....

  20. 10 CFR Appendix A to Part 603 - Applicable Federal Statutes, Executive Orders, and Government-wide Regulations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Government-wide common rule that the DOE has codified at 10 CFR part 601. The “List of Certifications and... Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d, et seq.) as implemented by DOE regulations at 10 CFR part 1040. These... Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101, et seq.) as implemented by DOE regulations at 10 CFR part 1040....

  1. Impact of government regulations on leadtimes of coal facilities. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-08-01

    The ability of the US to increase coal use depends on the leadtimes required to bring from inception into operation: (1) new coal use facilities such as powerplants, industrial boilers, coke ovens, and coal-based synfuel plants; and (2) new coal facilities including surface mines, deep mines, coal preparation plants, and railroad lines. This study examines the effect of government regulations on the leadtimes for the following ten facilities: surface mines on federal land; surface mines - private surface/private coal; underground coal mines; coal preparation plants; railroad lines; coal-fired electric generating plants; coal-fired industrial facilities; coke plants; synthetic fuels; and transmission lines. These appendices contain summaries of legislation affecting the above coal facilities. Discussed are: the Clean Air Act; National Environmental Policy Act; Federal Coal Leasing Amendments Act; Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act; Federal Land Policy and Management Act; River and Harbors Act; Federal Mine Health and Safety Amendments Act; Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act; National Historic Preservation Act; Endangered Species Act; the Clear Water Act; and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. (DMC)

  2. Health and social care regulation in Wales: an integrated system of political, corporate and professional governance for improving public health.

    PubMed

    Jewell, Tony; Wilkinson, Jane

    2008-11-01

    Wales is developing a unique integrated system of governance to improve public health, which is diverging from some recent developments in the rest of the UK but shares many common features. There is a focus on strengthening collaborative working and co-ordination between bodies inspecting, regulating and auditing health and social care. Systems are being developed that are proportionate to the level of risk, eliminate unnecessary burdens of external review and support the improvement of services for patients, service users and carers. This is consistent with the Assembly Government's aim to improve the way that public services are delivered in Wales, including strengthening input from the public in the planning, delivery and reporting of regulation and inspection work. The test in the future will be how far we can demonstrate quantitatively and qualitatively the added value from our uniquely Welsh approach, built as it is on devolution and the aspirations for small-country governance. PMID:19058471

  3. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts A... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be...

  4. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts A... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be...

  5. 7 CFR 301.48-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-4 Conditions governing the... threat to spread the Japanese beetle because adult beetle populations are not present; or (b) The... be free of and safeguarded against Japanese beetle; or (c) The aircraft is loaded during the hours...

  6. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts A... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be...

  7. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts...

  8. 7 CFR 301.52-3 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined States. 2

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Pink Bollworm Quarantine and Regulations § 301.52-3 Conditions governing the... present a hazard of the spread of the pink bollworm and the person in possession thereof has been so... articles has been notified by an inspector that a hazard of spread of the pink bollworm exists; or...

  9. 7 CFR 301.52-3 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined States. 2

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Pink Bollworm Quarantine and Regulations § 301.52-3 Conditions governing the... present a hazard of the spread of the pink bollworm and the person in possession thereof has been so... articles has been notified by an inspector that a hazard of spread of the pink bollworm exists; or...

  10. 7 CFR 301.52-3 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined States. 2

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Pink Bollworm Quarantine and Regulations § 301.52-3 Conditions governing the... present a hazard of the spread of the pink bollworm and the person in possession thereof has been so... articles has been notified by an inspector that a hazard of spread of the pink bollworm exists; or...

  11. 7 CFR 301.52-3 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined States. 2

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Pink Bollworm Quarantine and Regulations § 301.52-3 Conditions governing the... present a hazard of the spread of the pink bollworm and the person in possession thereof has been so... articles has been notified by an inspector that a hazard of spread of the pink bollworm exists; or...

  12. 7 CFR 301.52-3 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined States. 2

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Pink Bollworm Quarantine and Regulations § 301.52-3 Conditions governing the... present a hazard of the spread of the pink bollworm and the person in possession thereof has been so... articles has been notified by an inspector that a hazard of spread of the pink bollworm exists; or...

  13. 36 CFR 251.15 - Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise of mineral rights reserved in conveyances to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise of mineral rights reserved in conveyances to the United States. 251.15 Section 251.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAND USES Miscellaneous Land Uses Natural Resources Control...

  14. 36 CFR 251.15 - Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise of mineral rights reserved in conveyances to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... regulations to govern exercise of mineral rights reserved in conveyances to the United States. 251.15 Section... of mineral rights reserved in conveyances to the United States. (a) Except as otherwise provided in... permit. (4) Timber and/or young growth cut or destroyed in connection with exercise of the reserved...

  15. 7 CFR 301.55-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES South American Cactus Moth § 301.55-4 Conditions governing the interstate... woven cloth) adequate to prevent access by South American cactus moths while moving through the... a certificate or limited permit if the regulated articles are cactus pads and fruits for...

  16. 7 CFR 301.55-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES South American Cactus Moth § 301.55-4 Conditions governing the interstate... woven cloth) adequate to prevent access by South American cactus moths while moving through the... a certificate or limited permit if the regulated articles are cactus pads and fruits for...

  17. 7 CFR 301.55-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES South American Cactus Moth § 301.55-4 Conditions governing the interstate... woven cloth) adequate to prevent access by South American cactus moths while moving through the... a certificate or limited permit if the regulated articles are cactus pads and fruits for...

  18. 7 CFR 301.55-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES South American Cactus Moth § 301.55-4 Conditions governing the interstate... woven cloth) adequate to prevent access by South American cactus moths while moving through the... a certificate or limited permit if the regulated articles are cactus pads and fruits for...

  19. 7 CFR 301.55-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES South American Cactus Moth § 301.55-4 Conditions governing the interstate... woven cloth) adequate to prevent access by South American cactus moths while moving through the... a certificate or limited permit if the regulated articles are cactus pads and fruits for...

  20. 7 CFR 301.45-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles and outdoor household articles...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Gypsy Moth § 301.45-4 Conditions governing... gypsy moth life stages. (c) A regulated article originating in a generally infested area may be moved... adequate to prevent the dissemination of the gypsy moth, i.e., conditions of treatment,...

  1. 7 CFR 301.45-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles and outdoor household articles...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Gypsy Moth § 301.45-4 Conditions governing... gypsy moth life stages. (c) A regulated article originating in a generally infested area may be moved... adequate to prevent the dissemination of the gypsy moth, i.e., conditions of treatment,...

  2. 7 CFR 301.45-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles and outdoor household articles...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Gypsy Moth § 301.45-4 Conditions governing... gypsy moth life stages. (c) A regulated article originating in a generally infested area may be moved... adequate to prevent the dissemination of the gypsy moth, i.e., conditions of treatment,...

  3. 7 CFR 301.45-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles and outdoor household articles...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Gypsy Moth § 301.45-4 Conditions governing... gypsy moth life stages. (c) A regulated article originating in a generally infested area may be moved... adequate to prevent the dissemination of the gypsy moth, i.e., conditions of treatment,...

  4. 7 CFR 301.45-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles and outdoor household articles...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Gypsy Moth § 301.45-4 Conditions governing... gypsy moth life stages. (c) A regulated article originating in a generally infested area may be moved... adequate to prevent the dissemination of the gypsy moth, i.e., conditions of treatment,...

  5. 78 FR 67004 - Removal of References to Credit Ratings in Certain Regulations Governing the Federal Home Loan Banks

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ... Certain Regulations Governing the Federal Home Loan Banks, 78 FR 30784, 30786-87 (May 23, 2013... Proposed Rule, 78 FR 30784 (proposing amendments to 12 CFR part 1267, part 1269, and part 1270). In... Corporation, and the Federal Home Loan Banks, 76 FR 5292 (Jan. 31, 2011). \\10\\ See Proposed Rule, Federal...

  6. 36 CFR 251.15 - Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise of mineral rights reserved in conveyances to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... regulations to govern exercise of mineral rights reserved in conveyances to the United States. 251.15 Section... of mineral rights reserved in conveyances to the United States. (a) Except as otherwise provided in... prospect for, mine and remove minerals, oil, gas, or other inorganic substances, said reservations shall...

  7. Fifty Educational Markets: A Playbook of State Laws and Regulations Governing Private Schools. School Choice Issues in Depth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammons, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    There is a widespread misperception that private schools avoid government oversight or are "unregulated." In fact, private schools are subject to a wide variety of laws and regulations that run the gamut from reasonable rules to ensure health and safety to unreasonable rules that interfere with school curricula, preventing schools from pursuing…

  8. 10 CFR Appendix A to Part 603 - Applicable Federal Statutes, Executive Orders, and Government-wide Regulations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 745 and rules on animal acquisition, transport, care, handling and use in 9 CFR parts 1 through 4... Government-wide common rule that the DOE has codified at 10 CFR part 601. The “List of Certifications and... Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d, et seq.) as implemented by DOE regulations at 10 CFR part 1040....

  9. 10 CFR Appendix A to Part 603 - Applicable Federal Statutes, Executive Orders, and Government-wide Regulations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 745 and rules on animal acquisition, transport, care, handling and use in 9 CFR parts 1 through 4... Government-wide common rule that the DOE has codified at 10 CFR part 601. The “List of Certifications and... Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d, et seq.) as implemented by DOE regulations at 10 CFR part 1040....

  10. 7 CFR 301.48-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Japanese Beetle Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-4 Conditions governing the... threat to spread the Japanese beetle because adult beetle populations are not present; or (b) The... be free of and safeguarded against Japanese beetle; or (c) The aircraft is loaded during the hours...

  11. 36 CFR 251.14 - Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise of timber rights reserved in conveyance to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... locality for sales of similar National Forest timber and timber products. (4) Slash and debris resulting... with the protection and administration of the National Forest. (11) Operator shall take all reasonable... regulations to govern exercise of timber rights reserved in conveyance to the United States. 251.14...

  12. 36 CFR 251.14 - Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise of timber rights reserved in conveyance to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... locality for sales of similar National Forest timber and timber products. (4) Slash and debris resulting... with the protection and administration of the National Forest. (11) Operator shall take all reasonable... regulations to govern exercise of timber rights reserved in conveyance to the United States. 251.14...

  13. 36 CFR 251.14 - Conditions, rules and regulations to govern exercise of timber rights reserved in conveyance to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... locality for sales of similar National Forest timber and timber products. (4) Slash and debris resulting... with the protection and administration of the National Forest. (11) Operator shall take all reasonable... regulations to govern exercise of timber rights reserved in conveyance to the United States. 251.14...

  14. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts A... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be...

  15. Government regulation and public opposition create high additional costs for field trials with GM crops in Switzerland.

    PubMed

    Bernauer, Thomas; Tribaldos, Theresa; Luginbühl, Carolin; Winzeler, Michael

    2011-12-01

    Field trials with GM crops are not only plant science experiments. They are also social experiments concerning the implications of government imposed regulatory constraints and public opposition for scientific activity. We assess these implications by estimating additional costs due to government regulation and public opposition in a recent set of field trials in Switzerland. We find that for every Euro spent on research, an additional 78 cents were spent on security, an additional 31 cents on biosafety, and an additional 17 cents on government regulatory supervision. Hence the total additional spending due to government regulation and public opposition was around 1.26 Euros for every Euro spent on the research per se. These estimates are conservative; they do not include additional costs that are hard to monetize (e.g. stakeholder information and dialogue activities, involvement of various government agencies). We conclude that further field experiments with GM crops in Switzerland are unlikely unless protected sites are set up to reduce these additional costs. PMID:21279684

  16. 76 FR 21852 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Responsibility and Liability for Government...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-19

    ...; Responsibility and Liability for Government Property (DFARS Case 2010-D018) AGENCY: Defense Acquisition... other than submission of certified cost or pricing data. FAR 45.104, Responsibility and liability for... read as follows: 245.104 Responsibility and liability for Government property. (a) In addition to...

  17. 31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., and bonds? (a) 31 CFR part 356 governs the sale and issue of marketable book-entry Treasury securities... commercial book-entry system. (b) 31 CFR part 357 governs holding marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What other regulations govern...

  18. 31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., and bonds? (a) 31 CFR part 356 governs the sale and issue of marketable book-entry Treasury securities... commercial book-entry system. (b) 31 CFR part 357 governs holding marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What other regulations govern...

  19. 31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., and bonds? (a) 31 CFR part 356 governs the sale and issue of marketable book-entry Treasury securities... commercial book-entry system. (b) 31 CFR part 357 governs holding marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What other regulations govern...

  20. 31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., and bonds? (a) 31 CFR part 356 governs the sale and issue of marketable book-entry Treasury securities... commercial book-entry system. (b) 31 CFR part 357 governs holding marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What other regulations govern...

  1. 31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., and bonds? (a) 31 CFR part 356 governs the sale and issue of marketable book-entry Treasury securities... commercial book-entry system. (b) 31 CFR part 357 governs holding marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What other regulations govern...

  2. Encouraging Maternal Sacrifice: How Regulations Governing the Consumption of Pharmaceuticals During Pregnancy Prioritize Fetal Safety over Maternal Health and Autonomy.

    PubMed

    Donley, Greer

    Pregnant women are routinely faced with the stressful decision of whether to consume needed medications during their pregnancies. Because the risks associated with pharmaceutical drug consumption during pregnancy are largely unknown, pregnant women both inadvertently consume dangerous medications and avoid needed drugs. Both outcomes are harmful to pregnant women and their fetuses. This unparalleled lack of drug safety information is a result of ill-conceived, paternalistic regulations in two areas of the law: regulations governing ethical research in human subjects and regulations that dictate the required labels on drugs. The former categorizes pregnant women as "vulnerable" and thus precludes them from most medical research. The result is that ninety-one percent of drugs lack any reliable safety information for pregnant consumers. The latter currently requires all drug labels to encourage drug avoidance during pregnancy, despite ample evidence that avoiding needed medications can harm pregnant women. On June 30, 2015, new pregnancy labeling regulations took effect. Though these regulations make important improvements, they continue to treat pregnant women unlike any population, including other unique subpopulations, such as children. As a result, the new regulations do not fix the problem of over-warning pregnant women about the risks of drug consumption. This article questions the legitimacy of both regulations and suggests three reforms for how to improve access to vital safety information: (1) amend the regulations governing ethical research in human subjects to reclassify pregnant women as non-vulnerable adults; (2) create incentives to generate safety data in pregnant women by granting a period of market exclusivity for drug companies that invest in this research; and (3) make the FDA pregnancy labeling regulations consistent with the routine FDA practice of requiring the display of balanced, human data on risk. PMID:26793823

  3. Reflections on different governance styles in regulating science: a contribution to 'Responsible Research and Innovation'.

    PubMed

    Landeweerd, Laurens; Townend, David; Mesman, Jessica; Van Hoyweghen, Ine

    2015-01-01

    In European science and technology policy, various styles have been developed and institutionalised to govern the ethical challenges of science and technology innovations. In this paper, we give an account of the most dominant styles of the past 30 years, particularly in Europe, seeking to show their specific merits and problems. We focus on three styles of governance: a technocratic style, an applied ethics style, and a public participation style. We discuss their merits and deficits, and use this analysis to assess the potential of the recently established governance approach of 'Responsible Research and Innovation' (RRI). Based on this analysis, we reflect on the current shaping of RRI in terms of 'doing governance'. PMID:26260065

  4. Governing through Prevent? Regulation and Contested Practice in State–Muslim Engagement

    PubMed Central

    O’Toole, Therese; Meer, Nasar; DeHanas, Daniel Nilsson; Jones, Stephen H; Modood, Tariq

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we consider the implications of the ‘Prevent’ strand of the government’s counter-terrorism strategy for the UK state’s engagement with Muslims. We argue that the logics of Prevent have been highly problematic for state–Muslim engagement. Nevertheless, we suggest that the characterisation of state approaches to engaging Muslims as a form of discipline is incomplete without an analysis of: first, differences in practices, habits and perspectives across governance domains; second, variations in approach and implementation between levels of governance; and third, the agency of Muslims who engage with the state. Through this approach we show how attention to the situated practices of governance reveals the contested nature of governing through Prevent. PMID:26877558

  5. 75 FR 22729 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Reporting of Government Property Lost, Stolen...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-30

    ... inventory adjustments of ``low risk'' consumable material such as common hardware, as agreed to by the...'' consumable material such as common hardware, as agreed to by the Contractor and the Government...

  6. 76 FR 61597 - Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments: DOT Amendments on Regulations...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ... and Agreements With Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals and Other Non-Profit Organizations... Agreements to State and Local Governments; Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education... uniform administrative requirements for grants and agreements with Institutions of Higher...

  7. 49 CFR 805.735-14 - Specific regulations for special Government employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Receipt of gifts, entertainment, and favors. (1) A special Government employee, while employed by the... with the Board, anything of value such as a gift, gratuity, loan, entertainment, or favor for...

  8. 76 FR 72914 - Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Government...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-28

    ... Defense Acquisition Regulations System Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition... Foreign Disclosure and Technical Information System,'' and is used when directed by the plant clearance... Regulations System, Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY:...

  9. 76 FR 5292 - Alternatives to Use of Credit Ratings in Regulations Governing the Federal National Mortgage...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-31

    ... references to credit ratings in their capital regulations and prudential standards. See 75 FR 49423 (Aug. 13, 2010), and 75 FR 52283 (Aug. 25, 2010). The specific FHFA regulations at issue are discussed more...

  10. 31 CFR 351.1 - What regulations govern Series EE savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) The regulations in 31 CFR part 353 apply to definitive (paper) Series EE savings bonds that have not been converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct. (b) The regulations in 31 CFR part 363... through New Treasury Direct. (c) The regulations in 31 CFR part 370 apply to transactions for the...

  11. 31 CFR 351.1 - What regulations govern Series EE savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) The regulations in 31 CFR part 353 apply to definitive (paper) Series EE savings bonds that have not been converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct. (b) The regulations in 31 CFR part 363... through New Treasury Direct. (c) The regulations in 31 CFR part 370 apply to transactions for the...

  12. 31 CFR 351.1 - What regulations govern Series EE savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) The regulations in 31 CFR part 353 apply to definitive (paper) Series EE savings bonds that have not been converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct. (b) The regulations in 31 CFR part 363... through New Treasury Direct. (c) The regulations in 31 CFR part 370 apply to transactions for the...

  13. 31 CFR 351.1 - What regulations govern Series EE savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) The regulations in 31 CFR part 353 apply to definitive (paper) Series EE savings bonds that have not been converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct. (b) The regulations in 31 CFR part 363... through New Treasury Direct. (c) The regulations in 31 CFR part 370 apply to transactions for the...

  14. 31 CFR 351.1 - What regulations govern Series EE savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) The regulations in 31 CFR part 353 apply to definitive (paper) Series EE savings bonds that have not been converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct. (b) The regulations in 31 CFR part 363... through New Treasury Direct. (c) The regulations in 31 CFR part 370 apply to transactions for the...

  15. 77 FR 24611 - Removal of Regulations Requiring 3% Withholding by Government Entities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-25

    ... 9524, 76 FR 26583, 2011-23 IRB 843) (the May 2011 final regulations). Those regulations were issued to... in the Federal Register on May 9, 2011 (REG-151687-10, 76 FR 26678, 2011-23 IRB 867). A related... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 31 RIN 1545-BK83 Removal of Regulations Requiring 3% Withholding...

  16. 7 CFR 301.87-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from regulated areas in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Sugarcane Diseases Quarantine and Regulations § 301.87... identity has been maintained, and it has not been used for the production of sugarcane while in...

  17. 7 CFR 301.87-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from regulated areas in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Sugarcane Diseases Quarantine and Regulations § 301.87... identity has been maintained, and it has not been used for the production of sugarcane while in...

  18. 7 CFR 301.87-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from regulated areas in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Sugarcane Diseases Quarantine and Regulations § 301.87... identity has been maintained, and it has not been used for the production of sugarcane while in...

  19. 7 CFR 301.87-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from regulated areas in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Sugarcane Diseases Quarantine and Regulations § 301.87... identity has been maintained, and it has not been used for the production of sugarcane while in...

  20. 7 CFR 301.87-4 - Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from regulated areas in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Sugarcane Diseases Quarantine and Regulations § 301.87... identity has been maintained, and it has not been used for the production of sugarcane while in...

  1. [Governance and regulation in health: challenges for health management in Greater Metropolitan São Paulo, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Ibanhes, Lauro Cesar; Heimann, Luiza Sterman; Junqueira, Virginia; Boaretto, Roberta Cristina; Pessoto, Umberto Catarino; Cortizo, Carlos Tato; Castro, Iracema Ester do Nascimento; Rocha, Jucilene Leite da; Kayano, Jorge; Luiz, Olinda do Carmo; Barboza, Renato; Telesi, Emilio

    2007-03-01

    This paper discusses the relationship between the public and private sectors in the Unified National Health System (SUS), based on research whose objective was to identify governance strategies and mechanisms for public/private relations in the health sector, considering the search for equity in Greater Metropolitan Sao Paulo, Brazil. Governance was used as an analytical category, with health system regulation as the issue. Municipal and State health secretaries, members of health councils, and SUS staff were interviewed, and the empirical material was classified as: (a) regulatory mechanisms and instruments; (b) power loci; and (c) actors' positions concerning the SUS and its relationship to the private sector. Mechanisms and instruments have been created and used in the municipalities for regulation of their own services. Regulatory measures for the complementary and supplementary healthcare sector are practically nonexistent. There are numerous institutional power loci, seen more as places for submitting demands than as forums for negotiation. Despite some progress, governance appears to be more of a formal issue. Discussion is needed on the relationship between the public and private sectors and its regulation by municipalities in order to improve the health system. PMID:17334572

  2. 43 CFR 3270.10 - What types of geothermal operations are governed by these utilization regulations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... facilities; (3) Related utilization facility operations; (4) Actual and allocated well field production and injection; and (5) Related well field operations. (b) The utilization regulations in subparts 3270...

  3. 76 FR 12666 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Reporting of Government-Furnished Property

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ....m. to 4 p.m. DST. DoD published a notice of the public meeting on March 1, 2011 (76 FR 11190). This..., 2010 (75 FR 80427). DoD published an extension of the public comment period on February 18, 2011 (75 FR... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF...

  4. 76 FR 21812 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Ownership or Control by a Foreign Government...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-19

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background DoD published an interim rule in the Federal Register at 75 FR 35684 on... or controlled by a foreign government. DoD published an interim rule in the Federal Register at 75 FR... 209 and 252 published at 75 FR 35684 on June 23, 2010, is adopted as final without change....

  5. TEQSA and Risk-Based Regulation: Considerations for University Governing Bodies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baird, Jeanette

    2013-01-01

    The advent of a new national regulatory and quality assurance regime in Australia, through the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA), presents additional requirements to university governing bodies, for compliance with standards and for risk management. This paper discusses TEQSA's approach and potential vulnerabilities for…

  6. Governing Education through Data in England: From Regulation to Self-Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozga, Jenny

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between changing forms of the governance of education and the growth and uses of data in the context of England--a context that can be described as the most "advanced" in Europe in terms of data production and use. The paper links the shifting relations between the central department of education (variously…

  7. 75 FR 25160 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Marking of Government-Furnished Property...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-07

    ... Supplement; Marking of Government-Furnished Property (DFARS Case 2008-D050) AGENCY: Defense Acquisition... throughout their lifecycle (in acquisition and logistics business processes and systems) in an integrated approach across the Department of Defense, Federal and state agencies, non-governmental organizations,...

  8. 78 FR 42921 - Amendments to Regulations Governing Ocean Transportation Intermediary Licensing and Financial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-18

    ... Licensing and Financial Responsibility Requirements, and General Duties AGENCY: Federal Maritime Commission... Commission proposes to amend its rules governing the licensing, financial responsibility requirements and... Rulemaking, published on May 31, 2013 (78 FR 32946), are due on or before August 30, 2013. ADDRESSES:...

  9. 75 FR 75444 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Government Property (DFARS Case 2009-D008)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-03

    ... consistency with FAR changes published at 72 FR 27364 on May 15, 2007, that address management of Government property in the possession of contractors, as well as the related ] DFARS changes published at 74 FR 37645..., updated, and relocated from 245.608-1 and 245.608- 2. 245.602-70 Added subsection to address...

  10. 75 FR 80426 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Reporting of Government-Furnished Property

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-22

    ... defined in FAR part 45; (2) Property under any statutory leasing authority; (3) Property to which the... recognized unique identification equivalent. Unit of issue means the physical measurement of count or...) Property under any statutory leasing authority; (3) Property to which the Government has acquired a lien...

  11. 32 CFR 761.20 - Additional regulations governing persons and vessels in Naval Defensive Sea Areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... promulgated thereunder (7 FR 7307; 32 CFR 765.19(b)). (2) It shall be the duty of the master or officer in... in Executive Order 9275 of November 23, 1942 (7 FR 9767; 1943 Cum. Supp. p. 1227) to govern...

  12. 32 CFR 761.20 - Additional regulations governing persons and vessels in Naval Defensive Sea Areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... promulgated thereunder (7 FR 7307; 32 CFR 765.19(b)). (2) It shall be the duty of the master or officer in... in Executive Order 9275 of November 23, 1942 (7 FR 9767; 1943 Cum. Supp. p. 1227) to govern...

  13. 76 FR 6006 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Reporting of Government Property Lost, Stolen...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-02

    ... comments on the proposed rule, which was published at 75 FR 22729 on April 30, 2010. Comments were due June... consumable material such as common hardware, as agreed to by the contractor and the Government property... low- risk consumable material such as common hardware, as agreed to by the Contractor and...

  14. 78 FR 32945 - Amendments to Regulations Governing Ocean Transportation Intermediary Licensing and Financial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ...The Federal Maritime Commission proposes to amend its rules governing the licensing, financial responsibility requirements and duties of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries. The proposed rule is intended to adapt to changing industry conditions, improve regulatory effectiveness, improve transparency, streamline processes and reduce regulatory...

  15. 75 FR 52459 - Regulations Governing Agencies for Issue of United States Savings Bonds; Offering of United...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-26

    ... discontinuing the issuance of definitive (paper) savings bonds through payroll savings plans. DATES: Effective... through payroll savings plans. Treasury will eliminate the option to purchase paper savings bonds through payroll deductions for United States government employees on October 1, 2010, and for all other...

  16. Roll-Out Neoliberalism and Hybrid Practices of Regulation in Australian Agri-Environmental Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockie, Stewart; Higgins, Vaughan

    2007-01-01

    In the last 15 years, agri-environmental programmes in Australia have been underpinned by a neoliberal regime of governing which seeks to foster participation and "bottom-up" change at the regional level at the same time as encouraging farmers to become entrepreneurial and improve their productivity and environmental performance without government…

  17. Some comments on the new regulations governing ethics committees in Italy.

    PubMed

    Petrini, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    Italy has recently introduced regulations that profoundly change the arrangement of ethics committees. Specifically, their numbers have been reduced from more than 200 to a few dozen.The decree defining the criteria for their composition and functioning includes regulations intended to improve efficiency and efficacy. The present article provides a brief overview of the new provisions and identifies some critical aspects. PMID:24968915

  18. 77 FR 22278 - Eagle Permits; Revisions to Regulations Governing Take Necessary To Protect Interests in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-13

    ... eagles (74 FR 46836). Those regulations at 50 CFR 22.26 provide for permits to take bald eagles and... revisions to regulations under the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act for permits to take eagles where the...). Background The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) (Eagle Act) prohibits take of...

  19. God and Government at Yale: The Limits of Federal Regulation of Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neil, Robert M.

    1975-01-01

    A preliminary overview of the constitutional issues in the relationship between higher education and federal regulation or control is offered. Reference is made to the Dartmouth College case and the views of Yale President Kingman Brewster, and to implications of Title IX regulations. (LBH)

  20. 31 CFR 359.1 - What regulations govern Series I savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) The regulations in 31 CFR part 360 apply to definitive (paper) Series I savings bonds that have not been converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct. (b) The regulations in 31 CFR part 363... Treasury Direct; and (2) definitive Series I savings bonds that have been converted to book-entry...

  1. 31 CFR 359.1 - What regulations govern Series I savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) The regulations in 31 CFR part 360 apply to definitive (paper) Series I savings bonds that have not been converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct. (b) The regulations in 31 CFR part 363... Treasury Direct; and (2) definitive Series I savings bonds that have been converted to book-entry...

  2. 31 CFR 359.1 - What regulations govern Series I savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) The regulations in 31 CFR part 360 apply to definitive (paper) Series I savings bonds that have not been converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct. (b) The regulations in 31 CFR part 363... Treasury Direct; and (2) definitive Series I savings bonds that have been converted to book-entry...

  3. 31 CFR 359.1 - What regulations govern Series I savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) The regulations in 31 CFR part 360 apply to definitive (paper) Series I savings bonds that have not been converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct. (b) The regulations in 31 CFR part 363... Treasury Direct; and (2) Definitive Series I savings bonds that have been converted to book-entry...

  4. 31 CFR 359.1 - What regulations govern Series I savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) The regulations in 31 CFR part 360 apply to definitive (paper) Series I savings bonds that have not been converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct. (b) The regulations in 31 CFR part 363... Treasury Direct; and (2) definitive Series I savings bonds that have been converted to book-entry...

  5. 76 FR 17762 - Regulations Governing the Performance of Actuarial Services Under the Employee Retirement Income...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-31

    ...This document contains final regulations under section 3042 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) relating to the enrollment of actuaries. These regulations update the eligibility requirements for performing actuarial services for ERISA-covered employee pension benefit plans, including the continuing professional education requirements, and the standards for performing......

  6. 78 FR 52851 - Revisions to Procedural Regulations Governing Transportation by Intrastate Pipelines; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ... was published in the Federal Register on Tuesday, July 30, ] 2013 (78 FR 45850). The regulations... of Energy Market Regulation, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, 888 First Street NE., Washington... ``total Annual Burden Hours'' column is changed from ``854'' to ``852''. Accordingly, in rule FR Doc....

  7. 76 FR 32285 - Regulations Governing Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-03

    ... periodically. The regulations were amended most recently on September 26, 2007 (TD 9359, 72 FR 54540), to...-138637-07) in the Federal Register (72 FR 54621) proposing to conform the professional standards under... Department published final regulations (TD 9436) in the Federal Register (73 FR 78430)...

  8. Regulations governing the issuance of certificates of airworthiness of aircraft in France

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1923-01-01

    These regulations, approved by the Under Secretary of State for Aeronautics, in a ministerial decree 1124/2a, Feb. 19, 1923, cancels the regulations of Aug. 31, 1920, and supplements the decree of Aug. 14, 1920, fixing the conditions under which certificates of airworthiness may be issued,in conformity with Article 5 of said decree.

  9. Structure of a Holliday junction complex reveals mechanisms governing a highly regulated DNA transaction.

    PubMed

    Laxmikanthan, Gurunathan; Xu, Chen; Brilot, Axel F; Warren, David; Steele, Lindsay; Seah, Nicole; Tong, Wenjun; Grigorieff, Nikolaus; Landy, Arthur; Van Duyne, Gregory D

    2016-01-01

    The molecular machinery responsible for DNA expression, recombination, and compaction has been difficult to visualize as functionally complete entities due to their combinatorial and structural complexity. We report here the structure of the intact functional assembly responsible for regulating and executing a site-specific DNA recombination reaction. The assembly is a 240-bp Holliday junction (HJ) bound specifically by 11 protein subunits. This higher-order complex is a key intermediate in the tightly regulated pathway for the excision of bacteriophage λ viral DNA out of the E. coli host chromosome, an extensively studied paradigmatic model system for the regulated rearrangement of DNA. Our results provide a structural basis for pre-existing data describing the excisive and integrative recombination pathways, and they help explain their regulation. PMID:27223329

  10. Structure of a Holliday junction complex reveals mechanisms governing a highly regulated DNA transaction

    PubMed Central

    Laxmikanthan, Gurunathan; Xu, Chen; Brilot, Axel F; Warren, David; Steele, Lindsay; Seah, Nicole; Tong, Wenjun; Grigorieff, Nikolaus; Landy, Arthur; Van Duyne, Gregory D

    2016-01-01

    The molecular machinery responsible for DNA expression, recombination, and compaction has been difficult to visualize as functionally complete entities due to their combinatorial and structural complexity. We report here the structure of the intact functional assembly responsible for regulating and executing a site-specific DNA recombination reaction. The assembly is a 240-bp Holliday junction (HJ) bound specifically by 11 protein subunits. This higher-order complex is a key intermediate in the tightly regulated pathway for the excision of bacteriophage λ viral DNA out of the E. coli host chromosome, an extensively studied paradigmatic model system for the regulated rearrangement of DNA. Our results provide a structural basis for pre-existing data describing the excisive and integrative recombination pathways, and they help explain their regulation. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.14313.001 PMID:27223329

  11. 7 CFR 999.1 - Regulation governing the importation of dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Section 999.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY... includes dates coated with a substance materially altering their color. (5) Dates prepared or...

  12. 76 FR 6311 - Regulations Affecting Publication of the United States Government Manual

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-04

    ... distributed to the general public and to officials of the Federal government in a print edition. 75 FR 33734.... 1506; sec. 6, E.O. 10530, 19 FR 2709; 3 CFR, 1954-1958 Comp., p. 189. ] Sec. 9.1 Publication required....C. 1506; sec. 6, E.O. 10530, 19 FR 2709, 3 CFR, 1954-1958 Comp., p. 189. 0 3. Revise Sec. 11.4...

  13. Codes and regulations governing handling, storage, use and release of toxic gases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bolmen, Richard A.

    1988-07-01

    To control the hazards associated with the handling, storage, use and release of toxic gases in the manufacturing process, a number of codes and regulations have been promulgated. At the forefront of these regulations are the Uniform Fire Code (UFC), Article 51, ``Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities Using Hazardous Production Materials,'' 1985 Edition; UFC Article 80, ``Hazardous Materials,'' 1987 Revision; and the Toxic Gas Model Ordinance, California Assembly Bill 1021. Article 51 of the UFC is specific for semiconductor wafer fabrication facilities and regulates the storage, handling and use of hazardous production materials. Article 80 of the UFC has a much broader scope and incorporates requirements for prevention, control and mitigation of dangerous conditions related to hazardous materials. As it applies to toxic gases, Article 80 incorporates Article 51 requirements and in addition requires treatment systems to reduce discharge concentrations and mitigate unauthorized releases of toxic gases. The Toxic Gas Model Ordinance is specific to toxic gases and regulates storage, handling and use of toxic gases at new and existing facilities incorporating monitoring and treatment systems should an unauthorized release occur. This paper will focus on these regulations as they apply to toxic gases used by the semiconductor and photovoltaics industries.

  14. VEGF-A regulated by progesterone governs uterine angiogenesis and vascular remodelling during pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Minah; Park, Hyeung Ju; Seol, Jae Won; Jang, Jeon Yeob; Cho, Young-Suk; Kim, Kyu Rae; Choi, Youngsok; Lydon, John P; DeMayo, Francesco J; Shibuya, Masabumi; Ferrara, Napoleone; Sung, Hoon-Ki; Nagy, Andras; Alitalo, Kari; Koh, Gou Young

    2013-01-01

    The features and regulation of uterine angiogenesis and vascular remodelling during pregnancy are poorly defined. Here we show that dynamic and variable decidual angiogenesis (sprouting, intussusception and networking), and active vigorous vascular remodelling such as enlargement and elongation of ‘vascular sinus folding’ (VSF) and mural cell drop-out occur distinctly in a spatiotemporal manner in the rapidly growing mouse uterus during early pregnancy — just after implantation but before placentation. Decidual angiogenesis is mainly regulated through VEGF-A secreted from the progesterone receptor (PR)-expressing decidual stromal cells which are largely distributed in the anti-mesometrial region (AMR). In comparison, P4-PR-regulated VEGF-A-VEGFR2 signalling, ligand-independent VEGFR3 signalling and uterine natural killer (uNK) cells positively and coordinately regulate enlargement and elongation of VSF. During the postpartum period, Tie2 signalling could be involved in vascular maturation at the endometrium in a ligand-independent manner, with marked reduction of VEGF-A, VEGFR2 and PR expressions. Overall, we show that two key vascular growth factor receptors — VEGFR2 and Tie2 — strikingly but differentially regulate decidual angiogenesis and vascular remodelling in rapidly growing and regressing uteri in an organotypic manner. PMID:23853117

  15. 77 FR 27174 - Eagle Permits; Changes in the Regulations Governing Eagle Permitting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-09

    ... published at 77 FR 22267, April 13, 2012, must be submitted via http://www.regulations.gov by 11:59 p.m... associated with, but not the purpose of, an activity (see 77 FR 22267, April 13, 2012). We proposed to extend... Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) to Federal, State, tribal, or...

  16. 17 CFR 230.161 - Amendments to rules and regulations governing exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... securities under section 3(b) of the Act, as in effect at the time the securities are first bona fide offered... notwithstanding the subsequent amendment of such rules and regulations. This section shall not apply, however, to... amendment, nor shall it apply to any offering after January 1, 1959, of securities by an issuer...

  17. 17 CFR 230.161 - Amendments to rules and regulations governing exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... securities under section 3(b) of the Act, as in effect at the time the securities are first bona fide offered... notwithstanding the subsequent amendment of such rules and regulations. This section shall not apply, however, to... amendment, nor shall it apply to any offering after January 1, 1959, of securities by an issuer...

  18. 17 CFR 230.161 - Amendments to rules and regulations governing exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... securities under section 3(b) of the Act, as in effect at the time the securities are first bona fide offered... notwithstanding the subsequent amendment of such rules and regulations. This section shall not apply, however, to... amendment, nor shall it apply to any offering after January 1, 1959, of securities by an issuer...

  19. 17 CFR 230.161 - Amendments to rules and regulations governing exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... securities under section 3(b) of the Act, as in effect at the time the securities are first bona fide offered... notwithstanding the subsequent amendment of such rules and regulations. This section shall not apply, however, to... amendment, nor shall it apply to any offering after January 1, 1959, of securities by an issuer...

  20. 17 CFR 230.161 - Amendments to rules and regulations governing exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... securities under section 3(b) of the Act, as in effect at the time the securities are first bona fide offered... notwithstanding the subsequent amendment of such rules and regulations. This section shall not apply, however, to... amendment, nor shall it apply to any offering after January 1, 1959, of securities by an issuer...

  1. 75 FR 1525 - Walnuts Grown in California; Changes to Regulations Governing Voting Procedures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ... the order (73 FR 11328, March 3, 2008). Prior to the amendment, the Board had the authority to vote by... published in the Federal Register on October 9, 2009 (74 FR 52154). Copies of the proposed rule were also... Board discussed the need to change the order's administrative regulations to include the use of...

  2. 77 FR 22267 - Eagle Permits; Changes in the Regulations Governing Eagle Permitting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-13

    ... for nonpurposeful take of eagles (74 FR 46836). Those regulations at 50 CFR 22.26 provide for permits... permits, see 74 FR 46841-46843. We can issue programmatic permits for disturbance as well as take... Interests in Particular Localities; Final Rules, (74 FR 46836- 46852, September 11, 2009). Monitoring...

  3. 76 FR 29665 - Migratory Bird Permits; Changes in the Regulations Governing Raptor Propagation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-23

    ... propagation of raptors in the United States (70 FR 60052). We proposed to reorganize the current regulations... Propagation'' (71 FR 35599). We solicited comments on the draft environmental assessment until September 19... until November 21, 2006 (71 FR 54794). After consideration of all the comments received, we published...

  4. TORC1 Signaling Is Governed by Two Negative Regulators in Fission Yeast

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Ning; Liu, Qingbin; Zhang, Lili; Henske, Elizabeth P.; Ma, Yan

    2013-01-01

    The target of rapamycin (TOR) is a highly conserved protein kinase that regulates cell growth and metabolism. Here we performed a genome-wide screen to identify negative regulators of TOR complex 1 (TORC1) in Schizosaccharomyces pombe by isolating mutants that phenocopy Δtsc2, in which TORC1 signaling is known to be up-regulated. We discovered that Δnpr2 displayed similar phenotypes to Δtsc2 in terms of amino acid uptake defects and mislocalization of the Cat1 permease. However, Δnpr2 and Δtsc2 clearly showed different phenotypes in terms of rapamycin supersensitivity and Isp5 transcription upon various treatments. Furthermore, we showed that Tor2 controls amino acid homeostasis at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. Our data reveal that both Npr2 and Tsc2 negatively regulate TORC1 signaling, and Npr2, but not Tsc2, may be involved in the feedback loop of a nutrient-sensing pathway. PMID:23934889

  5. 78 FR 33994 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Government Support Contractor Access to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-06

    ... May 22, 2013 (78 FR 30233) in the amendatory language, correct the following: 252.212-7001 0 1. On...; correction. SUMMARY: This document corrects the amendatory language to a final rule published in the Federal Register on May 22, 2013, 78 FR 30233, regarding the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation...

  6. 75 FR 51713 - Regulations Governing Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ..., 2007 (72 FR 54540), to modify various provisions relating to the general standards of practice. For... issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (REG-138637-07) in the Federal Register (72 FR 54621) proposing to... IRS and the Treasury Department published final regulations (TD 9436) in the Federal Register (73...

  7. 77 FR 57055 - Regulations Governing Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-17

    ... tax shelter offerings in accordance with American Bar Association Formal Opinion 346 (49 FR 6719). The.... See 66 FR 3276. The 2001 notice of proposed rulemaking addressed both general matters pertaining to..., Treasury and the IRS published in the Federal Register (68 FR 75186) (the 2003 proposed regulations)...

  8. 75 FR 2126 - Regulations Governing the Conduct of Open Seasons for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-14

    ... Gas Transportation Projects; Notice of Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects Open Season Pre... season for an Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Project. The Workshop is being hosted by the Alaska... docket, FERC enacted regulations under the Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Act which established...

  9. Older smokers could be the strongest supporters for U.S. government regulation of tobacco: a focus group study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Targeting of marginalized groups with aggressive tobacco marketing has been identified as exacerbating health disparities. However, interpretation of such targeting by groups varies, from surprise and outrage to regarding such marketing as evidence of social legitimacy. We sought to learn how an often-overlooked marginalized group, older adults, would respond to industry documents offering evidence of tobacco company target marketing. Methods We conducted 10 focus groups in California cities with older (≥50 years) smokers and former smokers. A set of previously-undisclosed tobacco industry documents related to target marketing was shown to the group in sequence. Audiotaped discussions were transcribed and data analyzed using qualitative approaches. Results Responses to evidence of tobacco industry targeting varied, with some regarding it as exploitive and others as normal business practice. However, in most groups, discussions turned to government’s failure to protect the public—even though government action /inaction was not prompted nor addressed in the discussion documents. Conclusion Given the Food and Drug Administration’s new authority to regulate tobacco products, these findings suggest that some of the tobacco industry’s “best customers” (older, established smokers and ex-smokers) may be strong supporters of government regulation of tobacco. PMID:23958397

  10. Age-Dependent Pancreatic Gene Regulation Reveals Mechanisms Governing Human β Cell Function.

    PubMed

    Arda, H Efsun; Li, Lingyu; Tsai, Jennifer; Torre, Eduardo A; Rosli, Yenny; Peiris, Heshan; Spitale, Robert C; Dai, Chunhua; Gu, Xueying; Qu, Kun; Wang, Pei; Wang, Jing; Grompe, Markus; Scharfmann, Raphael; Snyder, Michael S; Bottino, Rita; Powers, Alvin C; Chang, Howard Y; Kim, Seung K

    2016-05-10

    Intensive efforts are focused on identifying regulators of human pancreatic islet cell growth and maturation to accelerate development of therapies for diabetes. After birth, islet cell growth and function are dynamically regulated; however, establishing these age-dependent changes in humans has been challenging. Here, we describe a multimodal strategy for isolating pancreatic endocrine and exocrine cells from children and adults to identify age-dependent gene expression and chromatin changes on a genomic scale. These profiles revealed distinct proliferative and functional states of islet α cells or β cells and histone modifications underlying age-dependent gene expression changes. Expression of SIX2 and SIX3, transcription factors without prior known functions in the pancreas and linked to fasting hyperglycemia risk, increased with age specifically in human islet β cells. SIX2 and SIX3 were sufficient to enhance insulin content or secretion in immature β cells. Our work provides a unique resource to study human-specific regulators of islet cell maturation and function. PMID:27133132