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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Nanotechnology Research Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site has a list of links to various nano research labs. The first section of links includes academic, government and corporate labs, which do research but do not make their facilities available to outside researchers. The second set of links includes labs that accept outside researchers, such as the National Institute of Standards.

2013-07-12

2

The benefits of integrated systems for managing both samples and experimental data: An opportunity for labs in universities and government research institutions to lead the way  

PubMed Central

Currently most biomedical labs in universities and government funded research institutions use paper lab notebooks for recording experimental data and spreadsheets for managing sample data. One consequence is that sample management and documenting experiments are viewed as separate and distinct activities, notwithstanding that samples and aliquots are an integral part of a majority of the experiments carried out by these labs. Various drivers are pushing labs towards integrated management of sample data and experimental data. These include the ever increasing amounts of both kinds of data, the increasing adoption of online collaborative tools, changing expectations about online communication, and the increasing affordability of electronic lab notebooks and sample management software. There is now an opportunity for smaller labs, which have been slow to move from paper to electronic record keeping, to leapfrog better resourced commercial labs and lead the way in adopting the new generation of tools which permit integrated management of samples and experimental data and a range of tangible benefits to conducting research, including: 1. Fewer lost and mislabelled samples 2. Clearer visualization of relationships between samples and experiments 3. Reduction of experimental error 4. More effective search 5. Productivity gains 6. More efficient use of freezers, leading to cost reduction and enhanced sustainability 7. Improved archiving and enhanced memory at the lab and institutional levels

2011-01-01

3

The benefits of integrated systems for managing both samples and experimental data: An opportunity for labs in universities and government research institutions to lead the way.  

PubMed

Currently most biomedical labs in universities and government funded research institutions use paper lab notebooks for recording experimental data and spreadsheets for managing sample data. One consequence is that sample management and documenting experiments are viewed as separate and distinct activities, notwithstanding that samples and aliquots are an integral part of a majority of the experiments carried out by these labs.Various drivers are pushing labs towards integrated management of sample data and experimental data. These include the ever increasing amounts of both kinds of data, the increasing adoption of online collaborative tools, changing expectations about online communication, and the increasing affordability of electronic lab notebooks and sample management software. There is now an opportunity for smaller labs, which have been slow to move from paper to electronic record keeping, to leapfrog better resourced commercial labs and lead the way in adopting the new generation of tools which permit integrated management of samples and experimental data and a range of tangible benefits to conducting research, including:1. Fewer lost and mislabelled samples2. Clearer visualization of relationships between samples and experiments3. Reduction of experimental error4. More effective search5. Productivity gains6. More efficient use of freezers, leading to cost reduction and enhanced sustainability7. Improved archiving and enhanced memory at the lab and institutional levels. PMID:21707999

Macneil, Rory

2011-01-01

4

Behavioral Research: A Government Pawn.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the systemic and philosophical problems surrounding government funding for behavioral research. Discusses the relationship between Congress and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), lists specific requests to NIH, and prognosticates the future of behavioral-research funding. (EMK)

Garic, John M.

1996-01-01

5

University of Victoria: The Whale Research Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents the Whale Research Lab at the University of Victoria in British Columbia, Canada. The Whale Lab -- consisting of a small group of faculty, graduate students, and associates -- focuses on conservation-related marine mammal research. The site features research project profiles for M.Sc. and PhD students, and includes a short list of theses and dissertations. Dr. Ellen Hines" dissertation -- titled Conservation of the Dugong (_Dugong dugon_) along the Andaman Coast of Thailand: An example of the integration of the Conservation Biology in Endangered Species Research -- is available in multiple PDF files. The website includes a list of faculty publications as well. The Whale Lab site also links to information about the Marine Research Intern Program with the Society for Ecological & Coastal Research. This site is also reviewed in the June 25, 2004 _NSDL Life Sciences Report_.

6

A Virtual Lab in Research Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hands-on lab for a lower division research methods course used an online format with Web page, Web forms, an e-mail listproc, and chat room. The virtual section received a higher rating for overall value than did the in-person labs. Students liked its conve-nience and flexibility. There were no significant differences in ex-amination performance between students who took the online

Barbara A. Sommer; Robert Sommer

2003-01-01

7

Research governance: ethical issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Healthcare research is haunted by a history of unethical studies in which profound harm was caused to vulnerable individuals. Official systems for gaining ethical approval for research, designed to prevent a repetition of these shameful examples, can prove bureaucratic and inflexible in practice. The core ethical principles of respect for autonomy, prevention of harm, promotion of benefit, and justice

Anne Slowther; Petra Boynton; Sara Shaw; Trisha Greenhalgh

2006-01-01

8

Naval Research Lab Review 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the annual report for the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC for the year 2000. The mission of the Naval Research Laboratory is to conduct broadly based scientific and multidisciplinary programs of technological development directed toward ...

2000-01-01

9

Government Funding of Scientific Research  

NSF Publications Database

The Board has studied the report, Allocating Federal Funds for Science and Technology, issued in 1995 by a committee of the National Research Council chaired by Frank Press. The Press report pointed out that guidelines were offered in the 1993 report of the National Research Council's Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP) Science, Technology and the Federal Government--National Goals for a New Era. 7 Definitions of "research" and "development" are congruent with ...

10

The NASA Langley Isolator Dynamics Research Lab  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Isolator Dynamics Research Lab (IDRL) is under construction at the NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. A unique test apparatus is being fabricated to support both wall and in-stream measurements for investigating the internal flow of a dual-mode scramjet isolator model. The test section is 24 inches long with a 1-inch by 2-inch cross sectional area and is supplied with unheated, dry air through a Mach 2.5 converging-diverging nozzle. The test section is being fabricated with two sets (glass and metallic) of interchangeable sidewalls to support flow visualization and laser-based measurement techniques as well as static pressure, wall temperature, and high frequency pressure measurements. During 2010, a CFD code validation experiment will be conducted in the lab in support of NASA s Fundamental Aerodynamics Program. This paper describes the mechanical design of the Isolator Dynamics Research Lab test apparatus and presents a summary of the measurement techniques planned for investigating the internal flow field of a scramjet isolator model.

Middleton, Troy F.; Balla, Robert J.; Baurle, Robert A.; Humphreys, William M.; Wilson, Lloyd G.

2010-01-01

11

Instrumentation and Equipment for Three Independent Research Labs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Completed in 2011, Albright's new Science Center includes three independent student and faculty research labs in Biology, Chemistry\\/Biochemistry, and Physics (separate from teaching labs). Providing independent research facilities, they eliminate disruptions in classrooms and teaching labs, encourage and accommodate increased student interest, and stimulate advanced research. The DOE grant of $369,943 enabled Albright to equip these advanced labs for 21st

Darlene Roth

2012-01-01

12

Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab (CRREL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab (CRREL), a facility of the US Army Corps of Engineers, is to "gain knowledge of the cold regions [32 degrees Fahrenheit or 0 degrees Celsius] through scientific and engineering research -- and put that knowledge to work for the Corps of Engineers, the Army, the Department of Defense, and the nation." Research of these cold regions is largely centered in the earth sciences including atmospheric and ocean sciences along with the basic physical sciences. Examples of research that CRREL has conducted for the National Science Foundation (NSF) or NSF-funded university partners in the Antarctic are Field Studies and Modeling of the Breakup of Antarctic Sea Ice, Theoretical Modeling of Seismic Noise Propagation at the South Pole, and Near-Surface Processes Affecting Gas Exchange: West Antarctic Ice Sheet, among others. Sections included at the site are About CRREL, Research & Engineering, Technical Information, Technology Transfer, and links to related sites.

13

Understanding Horizontal Governance. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Horizontal governance is an umbrella term that covers a range of approaches to policy development, service delivery issues, and management practices. A horizontal initiative may take place across levels of government, across boundaries between units of a single department or agency or among multiple departments or agencies, or across public,…

Ferguson, Daniel

2009-01-01

14

What type of enterprise forges close links with universities and government labs? Evidence from CIS 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tries to uncover some of the economic factors that encourage firms to seek information from universities and government labs or to collaborate with these institutions. We exploit the information contained in the second Community Innovation Surveys (CIS2) for France, Germany, Ireland and Spain. We estimate an ordered probit model on the importance of knowledge sourcing from universities and

Masao Nakamura; Pierre Mohnen; Cathy Hoareau

2003-01-01

15

Government Research and Development Policy for Telecommunications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates how recent changes in the telecommunications industry are likely to affect government research and development policies by analyzing how changes in the market structure--in particular, increased competition in the industry due to domestic deregulation and international competition--change the political economy of government

Cohen, Linda

16

Agent mediated electronic commerce research at Hewlett Packard Labs, Bristol  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agent technology is a key enabling component in bringing about Hewlett-Packard e-services vision, and for that reason, HP Labs is making significant investments in research in this area. Work on agent technology at HP labs includes agent-mediated B2B e-commerce, distributed agent-based personalization, agent-based trading of Internet bandwidth, automated auction design, mobile agents, user profiling and FIPA standardization activities, among other

Chris Preist

2001-01-01

17

Governing Knowledge: Research Steering and Research Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that the "quality" debate in education research is not so much about quality as about creating the conditions in which research and knowledge production in the field of education can be managed and steered. The criticisms of research in education have destabilised the field and promoted its closer dependence on and alignment…

Ozga, Jenny

2008-01-01

18

Major Federal Regulations Governing Social Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides administrators, project leaders, and researchers with information about major federal regulations governing research in the social sciences. The report is presented in five major chapters. Chapter I identifies the report's limitations. For example, it describes only statutory and regulatory provisions and covers only domestic…

Gandara, Arturo

19

Usability Research in the Writing Lab: Sustaining Discourse and Pedagogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Redesigning Purdue's Online Writing Lab (OWL) presented the opportunity for collaboration among Writing Center and Professional Writing Program members. While the article briefly describes the OWL redesign process, the argument focuses on collaboration and presents a model for sustainable intraprogram collaboration. Following Hawhee, usability research is defined as “invention-in-the-middle,” which offers a model for understanding research process as part of

Michael J. Salvo; Jingfang Ren; H. Allen Brizee; Tammy S. Conard-Salvo

2009-01-01

20

Stem Cells Yield Lab-Grown Skin, Researchers Say  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Stem Cells Yield Lab-Grown Skin, Researchers Say Finding might ... April 25, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Skin Conditions Stem Cells FRIDAY, April 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Skin that ...

21

eCAT: Online electronic lab notebook for scientific research  

PubMed Central

Background eCAT is an electronic lab notebook (ELN) developed by Axiope Limited. It is the first online ELN, the first ELN to be developed in close collaboration with lab scientists, and the first ELN to be targeted at researchers in non-commercial institutions. eCAT was developed in response to feedback from users of a predecessor product. By late 2006 the basic concept had been clarified: a highly scalable web-based collaboration tool that possessed the basic capabilities of commercial ELNs, i.e. a permissions system, controlled sharing, an audit trail, electronic signature and search, and a front end that looked like the electronic counterpart to a paper notebook. Results During the development of the beta version feedback was incorporated from many groups including the FDA's Center for Biologics Evaluation & Research, Uppsala University, Children's Hospital Boston, Alex Swarbrick's lab at the Garvan Institute in Sydney and Martin Spitaler at Imperial College. More than 100 individuals and groups worldwide then participated in the beta testing between September 2008 and June 2009. The generally positive response is reflected in the following quote about how one lab is making use of eCAT: "Everyone uses it as an electronic notebook, so they can compile the diverse collections of data that we generate as biologists, such as images and spreadsheets. We use to it to take minutes of meetings. We also use it to manage our common stocks of antibodies, plasmids and so on. Finally, perhaps the most important feature for us is the ability to link records, reagents and experiments." Conclusion By developing eCAT in close collaboration with lab scientists, Axiope has come up with a practical and easy-to-use product that meets the need of scientists to manage, store and share data online. eCAT is already being perceived as a product that labs can continue to use as their data management and sharing grows in scale and complexity.

2009-01-01

22

Appraisal Research of the Government Achievements Based on Electronic Government Affairs Angle  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper through analysis to research condition of the electron government affairs of the information society, has proven the feasibility and the necessity of the government achievements appraisal based on the electronic government affairs angle. After the theoretical analysis, the paper used the fuzzy synthesis appraisal method to carry on government achievements appraisal based on the electronic government affairs angle,

Xia Bin Pan Bin; Pan Bin

2007-01-01

23

Cyberinfrastructure to Support Collaborative Research Within Small Ecology Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasingly, ecological research programs addressing complex challenges are driving technological innovations that allow the acquisition and analysis of data collected over larger spatial scales and finer temporal resolutions. Many research labs are shifting from deploying technicians or students into the field to setting up automated sensors. These sensors can cost less on an individual basis, provide continuous and reliable data collection, and allow researchers to spend more time analyzing data and testing hypotheses. They can provide an enormous amount of complex information about an ecosystem. However, the effort to manage, analyze, and disseminate that information can be daunting. Small labs unfamiliar with these efforts may find their capacity to publish at competitive rates hindered by information management. Such labs would be well served by an easy to manage cyberinfrastructure (CI) that is organized in a modular, plug-and-play design and is amenable to a wide variety of data types. Its functionality would permit addition of new sensors and perform automated data analysis and visualization. Such a system would conceivably enhance access to data from small labs through web services, thereby improving the representation of smaller labs in scientific syntheses and enhancing the spatial and temporal coverage of such efforts. We present a CI that is designed to meet the needs of a small but heavily instrumented research site located within the USDA ARS Jornada Experimental Range in the northern Chihuahuan Desert. This site was constructed and is operated by the Systems Ecology Lab at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), a relatively small and young lab. Researchers at the site study land-atmosphere carbon, water, and energy fluxes at a mixed creosote (Larrea tridentata) - mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) shrubland. The site includes an eddy covariance tower built to AmeriFlux and FLUXNET specifications, a robotic cart that measures hyperspectral reflectance from a fixed rail system, an 8-node network of SpecNet phenostations, phenology cameras, and transects where the phenology of key plant species are monitored. In all, this single research site has continuous data streams from >80 sensors in addition to traditional field work. Pressures to integrate and synthesize data across platforms, carry over 'corporate memory' between graduate students, and publish results in a timely fashion make automated data documentation and management systems appealing. The CI currently under collaborative development with UTEP's CyberShare Center of Excellence aids researchers with a visually appealing website featuring a dynamic mapping application, data search and display tools, and interfaces to backend databases and in-house developed provenance-tracking modules. We provide an overview of this CI with live demonstrations of the various tools that comprise it. Surveys on potential user preferences and ideas will also be circulated to conduct research on the CI and informatics needs of other small ecological research labs to aid module development and prioritization.

Laney, C.; Jaimes, A.; Cody, R. P.; Kassin, A.; Salayandia, L.; Tweedie, C. E.

2011-12-01

24

PRIME lab AMS performance, upgrades and research applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Purdue Rare Isotope Measurement Laboratory (PRIME Lab) is a dedicated research and service facility for AMS that provides the scientific community with timely, reliable and high quality chemical processing (?600 samples\\/year) and AMS measurements (?3000 samples\\/year) of 10Be, 14C, 26Al, 36Cl, 41Ca and 129I. The AMS system is based on an upgraded FN (7 MV) tandem accelerator that has

P. Sharma; M. Bourgeois; D. Elmore; D. Granger; M. E Lipschutz; X. Ma; T. Miller; K. Mueller; F. Rickey; P. Simms; S. Vogt

2000-01-01

25

The Space Science Lab: High School Student Solar Research Experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Native American, Hispanic, African American, and other underrepresented high school students in rural Western North Carolina have the unprecedented opportunity as researchers in the Space Science Lab to conduct visible and radio observations of the Sun. The program involves 90 students over a three year period. The primary goal is to reach students who otherwise would not have this opportunity, and motivate them to develop the critical thinking skills necessary for objective scientific inquiry. Students develop skills in electronics, computer sciences, astronomy, physics and earth sciences. Equally important is the hope that the students will become interested in pursuing careers in research or other science-related areas. We expect their enthusiasm for science will increase by experiencing research investigations that are fun and relevant to their understanding of the world around them. The students conduct their own research, and also interact with scientists around the world. A total of 54 students have spent a week at the Space Science Lab located on the campus of the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute (PARI) during the Summers of 2006 and 2007. Students construct their own JOVE radio telescopes that they bring home to continue their observations during the academic year. They share their results during four follow-up sessions throughout the school year. The students also have Internet access to radio telescopes and solar monitoring equipment at PARI. We report on results from student evaluations from the first year in 2006 and current session student experiences. We gratefully acknowledge support from the Burroughs Wellcome Fund - Student Science Enrichment Program

Castelaz, Michael W.; Whitworth, C.; Harris, B.; David, C.

2007-12-01

26

The Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute Space Science Lab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High school students in rural Western North Carolina conduct planetary science research monitoring the Earth's Moon for impacts by meteors. NASA has a program dedicated to monitoring the Moon as part of the NASA Vision for Space Exploration and future human missions to the Moon. The primary goal is to reach students who otherwise would not have this opportunity and motivate them to develop the critical thinking skills necessary for objective scientific inquiry. Students develop skills in electronics, computer sciences, astronomy, optics, physics and earth sciences. Equally important is the hope that the students will become interested in pursuing careers in research or other science-related areas. The program involves 30 students per year over a three year period. We are in the first year of the program. The students work with PARI scientists and science educators, alumni SSL scholars, and retiree volunteers from the community whose careers span science, technology, engineering, and math. Students spend a week at PARI where they learn to use the PARI 0.4-m optical telescope for lunar observations, and build their own telescope. The Space Science Lab students learn to analyze the data searching for lunar impacts. Additionally, students bring their newly constructed telescopes home so they can continue their observations as part of continuing school-related projects. We have monthly follow-up sessions throughout the school year, and a website where students upload their most recent lunar images. The Space Science Lab is based at the PARI, the former NASA east coast tracking station near Brevard, NC.

Castelaz, Michael W.; Whitworth, C.

2010-01-01

27

VR/IS Lab Virtual Actor research overview  

SciTech Connect

This overview presents current research at Sandia National Laboratories in the Virtual Reality and Intelligent Simulation Lab. Into an existing distributed VR environment which we have been developing, and which provides shared immersion for multiple users, we are adding virtual actor support. The virtual actor support we are adding to this environment is intended to provide semi-autonomous actors, with oversight and high-level guiding control by a director/user, and to allow the overall action to be driven by a scenario. We present an overview of the environment into which our virtual actors will be added in Section 3, and discuss the direction of the Virtual Actor research itself in Section 4. We will briefly review related work in Section 2. First however we need to place the research in the context of what motivates it. The motivation for our construction of this environment, and the line of research associated with it, is based on a long-term program of providing support, through simulation, for situational training, by which we mean a type of training in which students learn to handle multiple situations or scenarios. In these situations, the student may encounter events ranging from the routine occurance to the rare emergency. Indeed, the appeal of such training systems is that they could allow the student to experience and develop effective responses for situations they would otherwise have no opportunity to practice, until they happened to encounter an actual occurance. Examples of the type of students for this kind of training would be security forces or emergency response forces. An example of the type of training scenario we would like to support is given in Section 4.2.

Shawver, D.M.; Stansfield, S.

1995-06-22

28

Information, Institutions and Governance: Advancing a Basic Social Science Research Program for Digital Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the globe, the sweep of information and communication technologies offers unprecedented opportunities for the advancement of governance and society. But information and communication technologies alone are inadequate to foster such benefits. An important, time-sensitive opportunity exists to make a major difference in the development of digital governance and society globally. An applied, rigorous research agenda would clarify for policymakers

Jane E. Fountain

2003-01-01

29

Institutional Research, Politics, and the Federal Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal educational statistical activities and federal support of research about higher education and institutional operations are activities that assist institutional research. Institutional research is defined to include studies, policy analyses, and information collection that help college administrators understand the internal operations and…

Folger, John

1983-01-01

30

Education Research: Education Should Improve Assessments of R&D Centers, Regional Labs, and Comprehensive Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains a series of studies on Education-funded research, including an examination of three programs: Research and Development Centers (R&D Centers), Regional Educational Laboratories (Regional Labs), and Regional Comprehensive Assistance Cent...

2002-01-01

31

Can the Federal Government Improve Education Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Will recent federal policy changes succeed in improving the quality of education policy research? One explanation for the limited supply to date of high-quality evaluation evidence in education is limited demand, owing perhaps, in part, to market failure for both education outcomes and education research. In the market for education outcomes, the…

Jacob, Brian Aaron; Ludwig, Jens

2005-01-01

32

Performance-Based Pay in the Federal Government. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Performance-Based Pay in the Federal Government"--a paper presented at the February 2008 National Center on Performance Incentives research to policy conference--Steve Nelson discusses the evolution of employee pay systems in the federal government, from the inception of the General Schedule to continuing interest in creating more…

National Center on Performance Incentives, 2008

2008-01-01

33

Government-University-Industry-Research Roundtable  

SciTech Connect

Roundtable projects active during 1993 are described in this section. Projects completed in prior years are not included here, but publications resulting from them are included in the list of publications which are attached. Such prior projects include nurturing science and engineering talent, research facility financing, multidisciplinary research and education, university-industry-federal laboratory partnerships, and federal-state cooperation in science and technology.

Not Available

1995-02-01

34

A Study of Flexitime Effects in a Government Research Organization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This effort examined the effects of variable work hours upon employee attitudes and behavior in a large government research organization. Employees at experimental sites--where flexitime was implemented--were compared with those at matched (control) sites...

K. G. Smith

1980-01-01

35

Research Governance and the Role of Evaluation: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a comparative study of the United Kingdom and Spain, this article addresses the effect of different research governance structures on the functioning and uses of research evaluation. It distinguishes three main evaluation uses: distributive, improvement, and controlling. Research evaluation in the United Kingdom plays important…

Molas-Gallart, Jordi

2012-01-01

36

Suggested drilling research tasks for the Federal Government  

SciTech Connect

A brief summary discussion of drilling, drilling research and the role of the government in drilling research is presented. Specific research and development areas recommended for federal consideration are listed. The technical nature of the identified tasks is emphasized. The Appendices present the factual basis for the discussion and recommendations. Numerous references are noted in the Appendices.

Carson, C.C.

1984-04-01

37

Big Projects Could Threaten Weapons Labs' Research Base  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every few seconds, a mushroom cloud explodes on Paul Cunningham`s Computer screen. The unsettling image is a screen saver in the office of the chief of nuclear materials and stockpile management at Los Alamos National Laboratory - and a wry reminder of the radical changes underway at the three US weapons labs. Now that the US has renounced underground nuclear

Andrew Lawler

1996-01-01

38

Governing controversial science: Lessons from stem cell research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developments in genomic science and biotechnology are creating new governance challenges concerning funding, oversight, and regulation of the underlying science and its applications. Among forms of genomics and biotechnology, human stem cell research has been one of the most controversial. It holds great promise for the development of medical therapies, but the link between human reproduction and research on embryonic

Michael Mintrom; Rebecca Bollard

2009-01-01

39

Big projects could threaten weapons labs` research base  

SciTech Connect

Every few seconds, a mushroom cloud explodes on Paul Cunningham`s Computer screen. The unsettling image is a screen saver in the office of the chief of nuclear materials and stockpile management at Los Alamos National Laboratory - and a wry reminder of the radical changes underway at the three US weapons labs. Now that the US has renounced underground nuclear testing, simulations are becoming the weapons designers chief tool for ensuring that the nuclear arsenal is reliable. The new approach to testing, stockpile stewardship, has triggered a fierce debate within the defense community. At issue is how to keep a balance between financing such new and costly stewardship projects as the $1.1 billion National Ignition Facility, which will simulate the conditions of nuclear detonation, and maintaining a critical mass of experienced weapons designers. This artical describes the debate and funding and political problems which go with it.

Lawler, A.

1996-05-24

40

Frederick National Lab: Careers and Training  

Cancer.gov

The Frederick National Lab employs about 1,900 contractor employees and 800 government employees who work together to advance cancer research and develop new technologies for preventing, diagnosing, and treating cancer and AIDS.

41

Research and Development in American Universities: What Role for Government?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamism of the American economy is strongly related to the involvement of the federal government in the areas of research and development. Although this involvement, which can be considered as a partnership, dates back to the 19th century, it should be noted that the genuine \\

Taoufik Djebali

42

Self-audit as part of a research governance framework for health research.  

PubMed

Clinical research is an area of increasing activity for hospitals, universities and research institutions, which requires formal governance and oversight to manage risks. Monitoring research practice should be a part of research governance activities. However, formal audits have proved time consuming for researchers and auditors. To increase attention to good research practice and screen for poor practice, the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine at Monash University and the Alfred Research and Ethics Unit in Melbourne have developed a brief self-audit tool for researchers. We evaluated the self-audit using a questionnaire for researchers. The results were positive, with most respondents believing that it promoted good research practice. PMID:21426287

Crammond, Bradley R; Parker, Anna V; Brooks, Megan; Skiba, Marina; McNeil, John J

2011-03-21

43

Multiple-case Study Methods in Governance-related Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relative to their single-case counterparts, multiple-case studies add observations for study, without taking the research design into more quantitative terrain. However, questions remain about the exact nature of the value that multi-case studies add to governance research. The present article addresses this gap by reviewing a sample of multiple-case study articles taken from leading public management journals and describing and

Jenny Stewart

2012-01-01

44

Multiple-case Study Methods in Governance-related Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relative to their single-case counterparts, multiple-case studies add observations for study, without taking the research design into more quantitative terrain. However, questions remain about the exact nature of the value that multi-case studies add to governance research. The present article addresses this gap by reviewing a sample of multiple-case study articles taken from leading public management journals and describing and

Jenny Stewart

2011-01-01

45

Government Panel recommends methods for measuring applied and basic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

While applied research that is geared to specific outcomes may readily lend itself to measurement and evaluation, some scientists question whether such benchmarks also can pertain to basic research---where all of the outcomes and future applications seldom are known in advance---without stunting such general, and often very significant, searches for knowledge.Now, a new report by a U.S. government panel cautiously

Randy Showstack

1999-01-01

46

Online Statistics Labs in MSW Research Methods Courses: Reducing Reluctance toward Statistics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents results from an evaluation of an online statistics lab as part of a foundations research methods course for master's-level social work students. The article discusses factors that contribute to an environment in social work that fosters attitudes of reluctance toward learning and teaching statistics in research methods…

Elliott, William; Choi, Eunhee; Friedline, Terri

2013-01-01

47

Research Animal Holding Facility Prevents Space Lab Contamination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Healthy environment for both rodents and human researchers maintained. Research animal holding facility (RAHF) and rodent cage prevent solid particles (feces, food bits, hair), micro-organisms, ammonia, and odors from escaping into outside environment during spaceflight. Rodent cage contains compartments for two animals. Provides each drinking-water dispenser, feeding alcove, and activity-monitoring port. Feeding and waste trays removable.

Savage, P. D., Jr.; Jahns, G. C.; Dalton, B. P.; Hogan, R. P.; Wray, A. E.

1991-01-01

48

From global bioethics to ethical governance of biomedical research collaborations.  

PubMed

One of the features of advanced life sciences research in recent years has been its internationalisation, with countries such as China and South Korea considered 'emerging biotech' locations. As a result, cross-continental collaborations are becoming common generating moves towards ethical and legal standardisation under the rubric of 'global bioethics'. Such a 'global', 'Western' or 'universal' bioethics has in turn been critiqued as an imposition upon resource-poor, non-Western or local medical settings. In this article, we propose that a different tack is necessary if we are to come to grips with the ethical challenges that inter-continental biomedical research collaborations generate. In particular we ask how national systems of ethical governance of life science research might cope with increasingly global research collaborations with a focus on Sino-European collaboration. We propose four 'spheres' - deliberation, regulation, oversight and interaction - as a helpful way to conceptualise national systems of ethical governance. Using a workshop-based mapping methodology (workshops held in Beijing, Shanghai, Changsha, Xian, Shenzen and London) we identified three specific ethical challenges arising from cross-continental research collaborations: (1) ambiguity as to which regulations are applicable; (2) lack of ethical review capacity not only among ethical review board members but also collaborating scientists; (3) already complex, researcher-research subject interaction is further complicated when many nationalities are involved. PMID:23623168

Wahlberg, Ayo; Rehmann-Sutter, Christoph; Sleeboom-Faulkner, Margaret; Lu, Guangxiu; Döring, Ole; Cong, Yali; Laska-Formejster, Alicja; He, Jing; Chen, Haidan; Gottweis, Herbert; Rose, Nikolas

2013-12-01

49

Mapping the E-Government Research with Social Network Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

About fifteen years of e-government research (EGR) lead to a research field that is looking forward to define an identity as a proper and autonomous scientific discipline. This paper proposes the use of social network analysis as a methodology for building a map of EGR and consequently contributing to the process of establishing EGR identity. The paper analyzes the network of citation between authors induced by papers published in the four proceedings of this conference (International Conference on e-Government) in the period from 2005 to 2008. The analysis helps us identify the authors that had most influence on the EGR field development and relate them to the thematic topics that prevailed the conference papers in the last four years.

Erman, Nuša; Todorovski, Ljup?o

50

Governance of dual-use research: an ethical dilemma  

PubMed Central

Abstract Scenarios where the results of well-intentioned scientific research can be used for both good and harmful purposes give rise to what is now widely known as the “dual-use dilemma”. There has been growing debate about the dual-use nature of life science research with implications for making biological weapons. This paper reviews several controversial publications that have been the focus of debates about dual-use life science research and critically examines relevant policy developments, particularly in the United States of America. Though the dual-use dilemma is inherently ethical in nature, the majority of debates about dual-use research have primarily involved science and security experts rather than ethicists. It is important that there is more ethical input into debates about the governance of dual-use research.

2009-01-01

51

Craniux: A LabVIEW-Based Modular Software Framework for Brain-Machine Interface Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents 'Craniux,' an open-access, open-source software framework for brain-machine interface (BMI) research. Developed in LabVIEW, a high-level graphical programming environment, Craniux offers both out-of-the- box functionality and a modular...

A. D. Degenhart E. C. Tyler-Kabara J. L. Collinger J. W. Kelly R. C. Ashmore

2011-01-01

52

Tour Brookhaven Lab's Future Hub for Energy Research: The Interdisciplinary Science Building  

ScienceCinema

Construction is under way for the Interdisciplinary Science Building (ISB), a future world-class facility for energy research at Brookhaven Lab. Meet two scientists who will develop solutions at the ISB to tackle some of the nation's energy challenges, and tour the construction site.

Gerry Stokes; Jim Misewich

2013-07-19

53

WHEN THE LAB IS OUTDOORS: SAFETY FOR FIELD TRIPS AND RESEARCH IN REMOTE ENVIRONMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Laboratory safety is supported by regulations and consensus standards, but few laws, standards, or even policies exist to provide guidelines for safety related to field trips, field classes, or field research in remote areas. As with lab safety, both behavior and equipment must beaddressed. A comprehensive policy should include driving, awareness and planning, communications, equipment, training, and staffing for

Jeffrey N. Rubin

54

Tour Brookhaven Lab's Future Hub for Energy Research: The Interdisciplinary Science Building  

SciTech Connect

Construction is under way for the Interdisciplinary Science Building (ISB), a future world-class facility for energy research at Brookhaven Lab. Meet two scientists who will develop solutions at the ISB to tackle some of the nation's energy challenges, and tour the construction site.

Gerry Stokes; Jim Misewich

2012-04-09

55

Of Mice and Meth: A New Media-Based Neuropsychopharmacology Lab to Teach Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an innovative neuropsychopharmacology laboratory that can be incorporated into any research methods class. The lab consists of a set of interconnected modules centered on observations of methamphetamine-induced behavioral changes in mice and is designed to provide students with an opportunity to acquire basic skills…

Hatch, Daniel L.; Zschau, Tony; Hays, Arthur; McAllister, Kristin; Harrison, Michelle; Cate, Kelly L.; Shanks, Ryan A.; Lloyd, Steven A.

2014-01-01

56

Build your own social network laboratory with Social Lab: A tool for research in social media.  

PubMed

Social networking has surpassed e-mail and instant messaging as the dominant form of online communication (Meeker, Devitt, & Wu, 2010). Currently, all large social networks are proprietary, making it difficult to impossible for researchers to make changes to such networks for the purpose of study design and access to user-generated data from the networks. To address this issue, the authors have developed and present Social Lab, an Internet-based free and open-source social network software system available from http://www.sociallab.es . Having full availability of navigation and communication data in Social Lab allows researchers to investigate behavior in social media on an individual and group level. Automated artificial users ("bots") are available to the researcher to simulate and stimulate social networking situations. These bots respond dynamically to situations as they unfold. The bots can easily be configured with scripts and can be used to experimentally manipulate social networking situations in Social Lab. Examples for setting up, configuring, and using Social Lab as a tool for research in social media are provided. PMID:24061930

Garaizar, Pablo; Reips, Ulf-Dietrich

2014-06-01

57

SoftLab: A Soft-Computing Software for Experimental Research with Commercialization Aspects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

SoftLab is a software environment for research and development in intelligent modeling/control using soft-computing paradigms such as fuzzy logic, neural networks, genetic algorithms, and genetic programs. SoftLab addresses the inadequacies of the existing soft-computing software by supporting comprehensive multidisciplinary functionalities from management tools to engineering systems. Furthermore, the built-in features help the user process/analyze information more efficiently by a friendly yet powerful interface, and will allow the user to specify user-specific processing modules, hence adding to the standard configuration of the software environment.

Akbarzadeh-T, M.-R.; Shaikh, T. S.; Ren, J.; Hubbell, Rob; Kumbla, K. K.; Jamshidi, M

1998-01-01

58

Dissemination of information about the technologies of the Vision Research Lab through the World Wide Web  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Vision Research Lab at NASA John Glenn Research Center is headed by Dr. Rafat Ansari. Dr. Ansari and other researchers have developed technologies that primarily use laser and fiber optics to non-invasively detect different ailments and diseases of the eye. One of my goals as a LERCIP intern and ACCESS scholar for the 2004 summer is to inform other NASA employees, researchers and the general public about these technologies through the development of a website. The website incorporates the theme that the eye is a window to the body. Thus by investigating the processes of the eye, we can better understand and diagnosis different ailments and diseases. These ailments occur in not only earth bound humans, but astronauts as well as a result of exposure to elevated levels of radiation and microgravity conditions. Thus the technologies being developed at the Vision Research Lab are invaluable to humans on Earth in addition to those astronauts in space. One of my first goals was to research the technologies being developed at the lab. The first several days were spent immersing myself in the various articles, journals and reports about the theories behind Dynamic Light Scattering, Laser Doppler Flowmetry, Autofluoresence, Raman Spectroscopy, Polarimetry and Oximetry. Interviews with the other researchers proved invaluable to help understand these theories as well gain hands on experience with the devices being developed using these technologies. The rest of the Vision Research Team and I sat down and discussed how the overall website should be presented. Combining this information with the knowledge of the theories and applications of the hardware being developed, I worked out different ideas to present this information. I quickly learned Paint Shop Pro 8 and FrontPage 2002, as well as using online tutorials and other resources to help design an effective website. The Vision Research Lab website incorporates the anatomy and physiology of the eye, different diseases that affect the eye and the technologies being develop at the lab to help diagnosis these diseases. It also includes background information on Dr. Ansari as well as other researchers involved in the lab and it includes segments on patents, awards and achievements. There are links to help viewers navigate to internal and external websites to further investigate different ideas and hrther understand the implications of these technologies at being developed.

Dorais, Christopher M.

2004-01-01

59

77 FR 64952 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; State Government Research and Development (R&D...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Government Research and Development (R&D) Survey AGENCY...Government Research and Development Survey (SGRD) to measure research and development supported and performed...source of funding, by performer of the work...

2012-10-24

60

Connecting Lab-Based Attosecond Science with FEL research  

ScienceCinema

In the last few years laboratory-scale femtosecond laser-based research using XUV light has developed dramatically following the successful development of attosecond laser pulses by means of high-harmonic generation. Using attosecond laser pulses, studies of electron dynamics on the natural timescale that electronic processes occur in atoms, molecules and solids can be contemplated, providing unprecedented insight into the fundamental role that electrons play in photo-induced processes. In my talk I will briefly review the present status of the attosecond science research field in terms of present and foreseen capabilities, and discuss a few recent applications, including a first example of the use of attosecond laser pulses in molecular science. In addition, I will discuss very recent results of experiments where photoionization of dynamically aligned molecules is investigated using a high-harmonics XUV source. Photoionization of aligned molecules becomes all the more interesting if the experiment is performed using x-ray photons. Following the absorption of x-rays, ejected photoelectrons can be used as a probe of the (time-evolving) molecular structure, making use of intra-molecular electron diffraction. This amounts, as some have stated, to ?illuminating the molecule from within?. I will present the present status of our experiments on this topic making use of the FLASH free electron laser in Hamburg. Future progress in this research field not only depends on the availability of better and more powerful light sources, but also requires sophisticated detector strategies. In my talk I will explain how we are trying to meet some of the experimental challenges by using the Medipix family of detectors, which we have already used for time- and space-resolved imaging of electrons and ions.

None

2011-10-06

61

Connecting Lab-Based Attosecond Science with FEL research  

SciTech Connect

In the last few years laboratory-scale femtosecond laser-based research using XUV light has developed dramatically following the successful development of attosecond laser pulses by means of high-harmonic generation. Using attosecond laser pulses, studies of electron dynamics on the natural timescale that electronic processes occur in atoms, molecules and solids can be contemplated, providing unprecedented insight into the fundamental role that electrons play in photo-induced processes. In my talk I will briefly review the present status of the attosecond science research field in terms of present and foreseen capabilities, and discuss a few recent applications, including a first example of the use of attosecond laser pulses in molecular science. In addition, I will discuss very recent results of experiments where photoionization of dynamically aligned molecules is investigated using a high-harmonics XUV source. Photoionization of aligned molecules becomes all the more interesting if the experiment is performed using x-ray photons. Following the absorption of x-rays, ejected photoelectrons can be used as a probe of the (time-evolving) molecular structure, making use of intra-molecular electron diffraction. This amounts, as some have stated, to “illuminating the molecule from within”. I will present the present status of our experiments on this topic making use of the FLASH free electron laser in Hamburg. Future progress in this research field not only depends on the availability of better and more powerful light sources, but also requires sophisticated detector strategies. In my talk I will explain how we are trying to meet some of the experimental challenges by using the Medipix family of detectors, which we have already used for time- and space-resolved imaging of electrons and ions.

None

2011-01-28

62

Chip in a lab: Microfluidics for next generation life science research.  

PubMed

Microfluidic circuits are characterized by fluidic channels and chambers with a linear dimension on the order of tens to hundreds of micrometers. Components of this size enable lab-on-a-chip technology that has much promise, for example, in the development of point-of-care diagnostics. Micro-scale fluidic circuits also yield practical, physical, and technological advantages for studying biological systems, enhancing the ability of researchers to make more precise quantitative measurements. Microfluidic technology has thus become a powerful tool in the life science research laboratory over the past decade. Here we focus on chip-in-a-lab applications of microfluidics and survey some examples of how small fluidic components have provided researchers with new tools for life science research. PMID:23460772

Streets, Aaron M; Huang, Yanyi

2013-01-01

63

The research of government collaboration patterns based on the government information resource interchange framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper puts forward an information resource interchange framework which supports government collaboration. With the investigation of the government collaboration requirements in Beijing in the past five years, the authors established a generic information interchange framework. The framework has been reused in Beijing municipal government and its six subordinate governments. Through supporting over 80 inter-departmental affairs by the end of

Jun Cheng; Xiaobin Huang; Kai Peng

2009-01-01

64

Overcoming hurdles in translating visual search research between the lab and the field.  

PubMed

Research in visual search can be vital to improving performance in careers such as radiology and airport security screening. In these applied, or "field," searches, accuracy is critical, and misses are potentially fatal; however, despite the importance of performing optimally, radiological and airport security searches are nevertheless flawed. Extensive basic research in visual search has revealed cognitive mechanisms responsible for successful visual search as well as a variety of factors that tend to inhibit or improve performance. Ideally, the knowledge gained from such laboratory-based research could be directly applied to field searches, but several obstacles stand in the way of straightforward translation; the tightly controlled visual searches performed in the lab can be drastically different from field searches. For example, they can differ in terms of the nature of the stimuli, the environment in which the search is taking place, and the experience and characteristics of the searchers themselves. The goal of this chapter is to discuss these differences and how they can present hurdles to translating lab-based research to field-based searches. Specifically, most search tasks in the lab entail searching for only one target per trial, and the targets occur relatively frequently, but field searches may contain an unknown and unlimited number of targets, and the occurrence of targets can be rare. Additionally, participants in lab-based search experiments often perform under neutral conditions and have no formal training or experience in search tasks; conversely, career searchers may be influenced by the motivation to perform well or anxiety about missing a target, and they have undergone formal training and accumulated significant experience searching. This chapter discusses recent work that has investigated the impacts of these differences to determine how each factor can influence search performance. Knowledge gained from the scientific exploration of search can be applied to field searches but only when considering and controlling for the differences between lab and field. PMID:23437633

Clark, Kait; Cain, Matthew S; Adamo, Stephen H; Mitroff, Stephen R

2012-01-01

65

NASA's GreenLab Research Facility: A Guide for a Self-Sustainable Renewable Energy Ecosystem  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There is a large gap between the production and demand for energy from alternative fuel and alternative renewable energy sources. The sustainability of humanity, as we know it, directly depends on the ability to secure affordable fuel, food, and freshwater. NASA Glenn Research Center (Glenn) has initiated a laboratory pilot study on using biofuels as viable alternative fuel resources for the field of aviation, as well as utilizing wind and solar technology as alternative renewable energy resources. The GreenLab Research Facility focuses on optimizing biomass feedstock using algae and halophytes as the next generation of renewable aviation fuels. The unique approach in this facility helps achieve optimal biomass feedstock through climatic adaptation of balanced ecosystems that do not use freshwater, compete with food crops, or use arable land. In addition, the GreenLab Research Facility is powered, in part, by alternative and renewable energy sources, reducing the major environmental impact of present electricity sources. The ultimate goal is to have a 100 percent clean energy laboratory that, when combined with biomass feedstock research, has the framework in place for a self-sustainable renewable energy ecosystem that can be duplicated anywhere in the world and can potentially be used to mitigate the shortage of food, fuel, and water. This paper describes the GreenLab Research Facility at Glenn and its power and energy sources, and provides recommendations for worldwide expansion and adoption of the facility s concept.

Bomani, B. M. McDowell; Hendricks, R. C.; Elbuluk, Malik; Okon, Monica; Lee, Eric; Gigante, Bethany

2011-01-01

66

Experiences with Lab-on-a-chip Technology in Support of NASA Supported Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Under the auspices of the Microgravity Sciences and Application Department at Marshall Space Flight Center, we have custom designed and fabricated a lab-on-a-chip (LOC) device, along with Caliper Technologies, for macromolecular crystal growth. The chip has been designed to deliver specified proportions of up-to five various constituents to one of two growth wells (on-chip) for crystal growth. To date, we have grown crystals of thaumatin, glucose isomerase and appoferitin on the chip. The LOC approach offered many advantages that rendered it highly suitable for space based hardware to perform crystal growth on the International Space Station. The same hardware that was utilized for the crystal growth investigations, has also been used by researchers at Glenn Research Center to investigate aspects of microfluidic phenomenon associated with two-phase flow. Additionally, our LOCAD (Lab-on-a-chip Application Development) team has lent its support to Johnson Space Center s Modular Assay for Solar System Exploration project. At present, the LOCAD team is working on the design and build of a unique lab-on-a-chip breadboard control unit whose function is not commercially available. The breadboard can be used as a test bed for the development of chip size labs for environmental monitoring, crew health monitoring assays, extended flight pharmacological preparations, and many more areas. This unique control unit will be configured for local use and/or remote operation, via the Internet, by other NASA centers. The lab-on-a-chip control unit is being developed with the primary goal of meeting Agency level strategic goals.

Monaco, Lisa

2003-01-01

67

Craniux: A LabVIEW-Based Modular Software Framework for Brain-Machine Interface Research  

PubMed Central

This paper presents “Craniux,” an open-access, open-source software framework for brain-machine interface (BMI) research. Developed in LabVIEW, a high-level graphical programming environment, Craniux offers both out-of-the-box functionality and a modular BMI software framework that is easily extendable. Specifically, it allows researchers to take advantage of multiple features inherent to the LabVIEW environment for on-the-fly data visualization, parallel processing, multithreading, and data saving. This paper introduces the basic features and system architecture of Craniux and describes the validation of the system under real-time BMI operation using simulated and real electrocorticographic (ECoG) signals. Our results indicate that Craniux is able to operate consistently in real time, enabling a seamless work flow to achieve brain control of cursor movement. The Craniux software framework is made available to the scientific research community to provide a LabVIEW-based BMI software platform for future BMI research and development.

Degenhart, Alan D.; Kelly, John W.; Ashmore, Robin C.; Collinger, Jennifer L.; Tyler-Kabara, Elizabeth C.; Weber, Douglas J.; Wang, Wei

2011-01-01

68

The concept of governance in dual-use research.  

PubMed

The rapid advance of life science within the context of increased international concern over the potential misuse of findings has resulted in the lack of agreement on the issues of responsibility, control and collaboration. This progress of knowledge outpaces the efforts of creating moral and legal guidelines for the detection and minimization of the risks in the research process. There is a need to identify and address normative aspects of dual-use research. This paper focuses on the issues of safety and global collaboration in life science research by highlighting the importance of openness, enabling policies and cooperative governance. These safeguards are believed to reduce the risks related to the misuse of science while enabling the important research to move forward. The paper addresses the need for a better definition of dual use concept and, based on the historical precedents, explores the moral concerns and governmental strategies of dual-use research. The three necessary moves in addressing the issue of security in life sciences are suggested: the move from constraining to enabling types of policies, the move from secrecy to openness, and the move from segregation to integration of the public voice. PMID:24442981

Dubov, Alex

2014-08-01

69

Governance strategies for conducting text messaging interventions in clinical research.  

PubMed

There is increasing interest in medical text messaging interventions being used to achieve positive patient outcomes across a range of clinical research and health practice environments. Short messaging service (SMS) is a low-cost tool that provides an easy communication route to engage potentially broad populations through text messaging, and is part of the growing social trend toward increased adoption of personal communication technologies by patient populations. Testing the effectiveness and impact of various communication strategies requires navigation of a complex web of clinical and research regulations and oversight mechanisms. We describe a case study of the implementation of SMS to provide bidirectional communications between physicians and patients involved in routine care reminders to illustrate the review processes and governance structures needed. By mapping the regulatory and approval processes required to manage and steward a research study across clinical and community boundaries, we provide a guide for other translational health researchers who may utilize similar kinds of personally owned technology interventions as research tools. PMID:24774328

Anderson, Nicholas; Morrison, Caitlin; Griffin, Jonathan; Reiter, William; Baldwin, Laura-Mae; Edwards, Kelly

2014-04-01

70

Strengthening research governance for sustainable research: experiences from three zimbabwean universities.  

PubMed

A robust research system requires a robust governance framework. As part of the Medical Education Partnership Initiative, three Zimbabwean universities partnered with two U.S. universities in a project to strengthen research governance in the Zimbabwean universities. The project aimed at (1) developing research policies, (2) strengthening central research management offices, (3) developing a research administration curriculum, and (4) enhancing awareness about the role and relevance of research administration in other universities and research institutions in Zimbabwe. Through the efforts of the partners, a generic research policy was developed and successfully adapted by the institutions. A curriculum was drafted, and module development experts are helping to finalize the curriculum to meet university requirements for accreditation of training research administrators. The Association of Research Managers of Zimbabwe was established to promote information sharing and professionalize research administration. The consortium approach enabled rapid and smooth development and adoption of research policies in the institutions. It also helped researchers and managers accept research administration as an essential structure and function. The experiences and lessons learned are reported here to benefit other institutions and consortia. PMID:25072583

Mashaah, Thokozile; Hakim, James; Chidzonga, Midion; Kangwende, Rugare A; Naik, Yogeshkumar; Federspiel, Nancy; Fiorillo, Suzanne; Scott, Jim; Gomo, Exnevia

2014-08-01

71

The All-Asteroids Lab Course: Kepler's Laws, Collisions, And Authentic Undergraduate Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed a 12-week undergraduate laboratory sequence based entirely on asteroids and the hazards they pose. This curriculum has been designed primarily for use in an introductory Solar System Astronomy course, but it can be broken into smaller segments for a variety of course scenarios and educational goals. The course begins with a four-lab sequence based on our new online Java applet OrbitMaster, (adapted from AstroArts’ OrbitViewer under the GNU General Public License). OrbitMaster allows the user to alter an asteroid's orbital parameters and monitor its position and speed relative to both Sun and Earth. It also detects close approaches and collisions with Earth, and calculates revised speeds due to Earth's gravity. Students are able to confirm Kepler's laws, examine orbital properties that produce impacts, discover the kinetic energy-crater size relationship, understand the regional/global consequences of impacts, and experiment with deflection strategies. A three-lab sequence follows that examines the orbit-refinement and changing impact odds of 2007 WD5, which briefly had a 4% chance of hitting Mars in 2008. These labs introduce software that allows students to make astrometric measurements, fit orbital parameters, and predict future positions and uncertainties. They then use these tools in a four-lab research project to improve their own asteroids’ orbits, using images from the SDSS and WIYN 0.9-meter telescopes. Their work culminates in a presentation to their peers and submission of their astrometric measurements to the Minor Planet Center for publication. This effort is part of our NSF CCLI grant to develop Research Based Science Education (RBSE) curricula for non-majors. We have designed six projects that allow students to learn science by actually doing science. These projects are now being tested at six institutions around the country, and will eventually be distributed to a national audience.

Puckett, Andrew W.; Rector, T. A.

2010-01-01

72

Governance  

Cancer.gov

The programs in the Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research (OCCPR) are led and coordinated by a project team comprised of health scientists with expertise in basic and applied research, regulatory science, clinical assay development, bioinformatics, therapeutics, and clinical chemistry at the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Click here to view brief biographies of the team members.

73

Development and results from a survey on studentsâ views of experiments in lab classes and research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey for Experimental Physics (E-CLASS) was developed as a broadly applicable assessment tool for undergraduate physics lab courses. At the beginning and end of the semester, the E-CLASS assesses studentsâ views about their strategies, habits of mind, and attitudes when doing experiments in lab classes. Students also reflect on how those same strategies, habits-of-mind, and attitudes are practiced by professional researchers. Finally, at the end of the semester, students reflect on how their own course valued those practices in terms of earning a good grade. In response to frequent calls to transform laboratory curricula to more closely align it with the skills and abilities needed for professional research, the E-CLASS is a tool to assess studentsâ perceptions of the gap between classroom laboratory instruction and professional research. The E-CLASS has been validated and administered in all levels of undergraduate physics classes. To aid in its use as a formative assessment tool, E-CLASS provides all participating instructors with a detailed feedback report. Example figures and analysis from the report are presented to demonstrate the capabilities of the E-CLASS. The E-CLASS is actively administered through an online interface and all interested instructors are invited to administer the E-CLASS their own classes and will be provided with a summary of results at the end of the semester.

Zwickl, Benjamin M.; Hirokawa, Takako; Finkelstein, Noah D.; Lewandowski, H. J.

2014-01-30

74

Research to Practice: The Future of the Regional Educational Labs. Brown Center Letters on Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenge of creating evidence-based practice bedevils a number of fields. In education, the federal government has historically placed substantial responsibility for translational research in the hands of the Regional Educational Laboratories (RELs), which were established in 1966 as part of the original Elementary and Secondary Education Act…

Whitehurst, Grover J.

2010-01-01

75

NIH partners with industry to create new ‘Living Lab’ for research into molecular structures that can affect disease  

Cancer.gov

A new type of lab has been created to utilize near-atomic resolution microscopy and other structural biology technologies to help accelerate important medical discoveries relating to global health challenges, such as cancer and HIV/AIDS. The Living Lab Structural Biology Center was formed through a cooperative research and development agreement between the National Institutes of Health and FEI, Hillsboro, Ore., a scientific instruments company.

76

How to Influence Government Policy with Your Research: Tips from Practicing Political Scientists in Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Government policymakers rarely consult with academic experts before formulating policy positions. When policymakers do seek out academics, they are often attempting to justify a position they already hold, not searching for objective analysis. Academics could add much to the policy debate if they were more meaningfully engaged in the discussion.

Farmer, Rick

2010-01-01

77

Government Research and Development Summaries: Solar Project Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Solar Project Briefs describe the status of all R&D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in solar radiation collection, storage, and conversion to heat or other energy forms. Photovoltaic and solar thermal devices ...

1987-01-01

78

Government Research and Development Summaries: Solar Project Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Solar Project Briefs describe the status of all R&D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in solar radiation collection, storage, and conversion to heat or other energy forms. Photovoltaic and solar thermal devices ...

1991-01-01

79

Government Research and Development Summaries: Solar Project Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Solar Project Briefs describe the status of all R&D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in solar radiation collection, storage, and conversion to heat or other energy forms. Photovoltaic and solar thermal devices ...

1989-01-01

80

Government Research and Development Summaries: Solar Project Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Solar Project Briefs describe the status of all R&D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in solar radiation collection, storage, and conversion to heat or other energy forms. Photovoltaic and solar thermal devices ...

1988-01-01

81

History of US Government Investments in Cybersecurity Research: A Personal Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces the history of cyber security research funding by the U.S. government. Difficulties in accurately measuring the level of U.S. government research funding for cyber security are first described. Some of the legislative and bureaucratic mechanisms involved in funding and reporting such research today are reviewed. A qualitative, personal perspective on the ups and downs of US cyber

Carl E. Landwehr

2010-01-01

82

Online Presentations of Research on Adult Literacy: Government Websites as Learning Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a review of seven national governments' online collections of adult literacy-related research. This study explored the type of learning associated with official web spaces by asking the following research questions: (1) What kind of research do these governments present on their websites? (2) How is the presentation…

Jacobson, Erik

2009-01-01

83

Gap analysis methodology for identifying future ICT related eGovernment research topics - case of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern ICT enables governments all over the world to improve their operation in order to become more efficient and effective. Despite of all possible benefits of using modern ICT, governments still struggle with the problems of inefficiency of their operation. eGovernment is being discussed in many contexts. Expectations of research and implementation in this field were high. However, many investments

Andreja Pucihar; Kristina Bogataj; Maria Wimmer

84

Examining the Relationship between IT Governance Software, Processes, and Business Value: A Quantitative Research Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is the impact of information technology (IT) governance software on the actual processes of IT governance and through that on realizing the business value of IT? This article examines the conceptual foundations underlying this question and analyzes the available evidence based on a quantitative research approach. Using global survey-data from 41 companies that have implemented IT governance software we

Hauke Heier; Hans P. Borgman; Christos Mileos

2009-01-01

85

Conducting Web-Based Surveys of Government Practitioners in Social Sciences: Practical Lessons for E-Government Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the use of surveys in social science research is not new, growing computerization and widespread availability of Internet access has made it increasingly possible to conduct these surveys online. However, populations in the social sciences - and particularly in e-government - are not always well defined, and their boundaries are fuzzy. Therefore, additional challenges need to be considered in

José Ramón Gil-garcía; Sara A. Berg; Theresa A. Pardo; G. Brian Burke; Ahmet Guler

2009-01-01

86

Information Systems Security Governance Research: A Behavioral Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behavioral information systems security governance entails managing the informal structures in an organization to ensure an appropriate security environment. Informal structures in an organization comprise the individual values, beliefs and behavior prevalent in an organization guiding the norms and employee perception of job responsibilities. Five consistent themes arise from a critical review of the extant literature in this area: security

Sushma Mishra; Gurpreet Dhillon

87

Recent Progress in Low-Temperature Research from the Davis Lab at the University of Alberta  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this talk I will briefly describe our recent progress towards new low-temperature experiments at the University of Alberta in the Davis Lab. We are currently setting up two nuclear demagnetization fridges - one new cryostat that has two independent 9 T magnets (the second magnet being useful for a double demag stage or combined high field and low temperature experiments). The other fridge is an older unit that is extensively refurbished, with all new pumping systems. We are planning numerous experiments at the intersection of low-temperature physics and nanoscience, including quantum properties of nanomechancial resonators and quantum fluids in confined geometries. Concerning the latter, we have fabricated high quality microfluidic devices suitable for low-temperature research. We will discuss our progress towards quantum fluids measurements using these devices.

Davis, John P.; Rojas, Xavier; Yang, Yikai; Duh, Andrej; Popowich, Greg

2013-03-01

88

Governance in the Digital Age: A Research and Action Framework for an Uncertain Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into relationships among government, society and technology has grown substantially over the past 30 years. However, most research and most advances in practice address narrowly defined categories of concern such as government organization, citizen services, interoperability, or personal privacy. By contrast, the future presents complex…

Dawes, Sharon S.

2009-01-01

89

77 FR 36606 - Pipeline Safety: Government/Industry Pipeline Research and Development Forum, Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Government/Industry Pipeline Research and Development Forum, Public Meeting AGENCY: Pipeline...Government/Industry Pipeline Research and Development (R&D) Forum. The R&D Forums are...pipeline safety and with protecting the environment. The forum allows public,...

2012-06-19

90

Ethical review of research on human subjects at unilever: reflections on governance.  

PubMed

This article considers the process of ethical review of research on human subjects at a very large multinational consumer products company. The commercial context of this research throws up unique challenges and opportunities that make the ethics of the process of oversight distinct from mainstream medical research. Reflection on the justification of governance processes sheds important, contrasting light on the ethics of governance of other forms and context of research. PMID:23841908

Sheehan, Mark; Marti, Vernon; Roberts, Tony

2014-07-01

91

The management of research institutions: A look at government laboratories  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology development; project management; employment patterns; research productivity; legal status of support services; functions of senior executives; the role of the sponsoring agency; research diversification; obstacles to technical innovation; organizational structures; and personnel management are addressed.

Mark, H.; Levine, A.

1984-01-01

92

Management of Research Institutions: A Look at Government Laboratories.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Technology development; project management; employment patterns; research productivity; legal status of support services; functions of senior executives; the role of the sponsoring agency; research diversification; obstacles to technical innovation; organ...

A. Levine H. Mark

1984-01-01

93

Opinion: Government seeks more impact from its research investment.  

PubMed

Dr Brian Iddon, MP, argues that Britain is on the right track, but that if it is to compete with its major competitors in the high-tech world, decision makers cannot afford to relax but rather need to find more investment to promote R&D in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) policy area. This article reviews the UK Government's attempts to improve the conversion of new discoveries into useful 'products' by creating new organisations and by shifting the emphasis of its R&D investment. PMID:21426123

Iddon, Brian

2009-06-01

94

75 FR 33587 - Local Redevelopment Authority and Available Surplus Buildings and Land at Air Force Research Labs...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Buildings and Land at Air Force Research Labs (AFRL) Mesa, Located in Maricopa County, AZ...information regarding the surplus property at AFRL Mesa in Maricopa County, Arizona and information...been established to plan the reuse of the AFRL Mesa property. The property is...

2010-06-14

95

Research Issues Underlying the Four-Lab Study: Integrated Disinfection By-Products Mixtures Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemical disinfection of drinking water is a major public health triumph of the 20th century, resulting in significant decreases in morbidity and mortality from waterborne diseases. Disinfection by-products (DBP) are chemicals formed by the reaction of oxidizing disinfectants with inorganic and organic materials in the source water. To address potential health concerns that cannot be answered directly by toxicological research

Jane Ellen Simmons; Susan D. Richardson; Linda K. Teuschler; Richard J. Miltner; Thomas F. Speth; Kathleen M. Schenck; E. Sidney Hunter III; Glenn Rice

2008-01-01

96

A new LabVIEW-based control system for the Naval Research Laboratory Trace Element Accelerator Mass Spectrometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new LabVIEW-based control system for the existing tandem accelerator and new AMS components has been implemented at the Trace Element Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (TEAMS) facility at the Naval Research Laboratory. Through the use of Device Interfaces (DIs) distributed along a fiber optic network, virtually every component of the accelerator system can be controlled from any networked computer terminal as well as remotely via modem or the internet. This paper discusses the LabVIEW-based control software, including remote operation, automatic calculation of ion optical component parameters, beam optimization, and data logging and retrieval.

Deturck, T. M.; Treacy, D. J.; Knies, D. L.; Grabowski, K. S.; Knoll, C.; Kennedy, C. A.; Hubler, G. K.

1999-06-01

97

Patient Informed Governance of Distributed Research Networks: Results and Discussion from Six Patient Focus Groups  

PubMed Central

Understanding how to govern emerging distributed research networks is essential to their success. Distributed research networks aggregate patient medical data from many institutions leaving data within the local provider security system. While much is known about patients’ views on secondary medical research, little is known about their views on governance of research networks. We conducted six focus groups with patients from three medical centers across the U.S. to understand their perspectives on privacy, consent, and ethical concerns of sharing their data as part of research networks. Participants positively endorsed sharing their health data with these networks believing that doing so could advance healthcare knowledge. However, patients expressed several concerns regarding security and broader ethical issues such as commercialism, public benefit, and social responsibility. We suggest that network governance guidelines move beyond strict technical requirements and address wider socio-ethical concerns by fully including patients in governance processes.

Mamo, Laura A.; Browe, Dennis K.; Logan, Holly C.; Kim, Katherine K.

2013-01-01

98

U.S. Government Perspective on Arctic Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Arctic region and Alaska--America's Arctic--provide tremendous value to the United States. Without a significant Arctic Research Program, however, those things we value in and from the Arctic--energy, food, security, biodiversity, fresh water, carbon ...

J. Farrell

2010-01-01

99

Service Learning Through Internships and Research for State Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applications of academic values in productive service activities are exemplified by public service internships in Georgia and policy research in Texas. Described are Jimmy Carter's Georgia Intern Program and the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs. (Editor/LBH)

Cooper, Harlan T.

1977-01-01

100

Occupational Health and Safety Systems, Corporate Governance and Viable Systems Diagnosis: An Action Research Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper establishes a theoretical basis for the implementation of governance systems in Occupational Health and Safety (OHS). This arose when a complex government organization reviewed the usage of its OHS computer system. This review precipitated several cycles of Action Research (AR). The AR allowed the recognition that the organization needed to define its OHS strategy, clarify its commitment to

Susanne Tepe; Tim Haslett

2002-01-01

101

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, AIDS: A Selected Bibliography of Federal Government Publications. Research Guide 90 104.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research guide presents a selected bibliography of federal government publications about the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). These documents are listed in five categories: (1) Bibliographies (7); (2) Congressional Publications (69 hearings and reports); (3) Executive Branch Publications (43 reports); (4) Federal Government

Alexander, Margaret

102

Governance of biomedical research in singapore and the challenge of conflicts of interest.  

PubMed

This article discusses the establishment of a governance framework for biomedical research in Singapore. It focuses on the work of the Bioethics Advisory Committee (BAC), which has been instrumental in institutionalizing a governance framework, through the provision of recommendations to the government, and through the coordination of efforts among government agencies. However, developing capabilities in biomedical sciences presents challenges that are qualitatively different from those of past technologies. The state has a greater role to play in balancing conflicting and potentially irreconcilable economic, social, and political goals. This article analyzes the various ways by which the BAC has facilitated this. PMID:24820092

Ho, Calvin Wai Loon; DE Castro, Leonardo D; Campbell, Alastair V

2014-07-01

103

Towards Principles-Based Approaches to Governance of Health-related Research using Personal Data  

PubMed Central

Technological advances in the quality, availability and linkage potential of health data for research make the need to develop robust and effective information governance mechanisms more pressing than ever before; they also lead us to question the utility of governance devices used hitherto such as consent and anonymisation. This article assesses and advocates a principles-based approach, contrasting this with traditional rule-based approaches, and proposes a model of principled proportionate governance. It is suggested that the approach not only serves as the basis for good governance in contemporary data linkage but also that it provides a platform to assess legal reforms such as the draft Data Protection Regulation.

Laurie, Graeme; Sethi, Nayha

2013-01-01

104

Imaging performance of LabPET APD-based digital PET scanners for pre-clinical research.  

PubMed

The LabPET is an avalanche photodiode (APD) based digital PET scanner with quasi-individual detector read-out and highly parallel electronic architecture for high-performance in vivo molecular imaging of small animals. The scanner is based on LYSO and LGSO scintillation crystals (2×2×12/14 mm3), assembled side-by-side in phoswich pairs read out by an APD. High spatial resolution is achieved through the individual and independent read-out of an individual APD detector for recording impinging annihilation photons. The LabPET exists in three versions, LabPET4 (3.75 cm axial length), LabPET8 (7.5 cm axial length) and LabPET12 (11.4 cm axial length). This paper focuses on the systematic characterization of the three LabPET versions using two different energy window settings to implement a high-efficiency mode (250–650 keV) and a high-resolution mode (350–650 keV) in the most suitable operating conditions. Prior to measurements, a global timing alignment of the scanners and optimization of the APD operating bias have been carried out. Characteristics such as spatial resolution, absolute sensitivity, count rate performance and image quality have been thoroughly investigated following the NEMA NU 4-2008 protocol. Phantom and small animal images were acquired to assess the scanners' suitability for the most demanding imaging tasks in preclinical biomedical research. The three systems achieve the same radial FBP spatial resolution at 5 mm from the field-of-view center: 1.65/3.40 mm (FWHM/FWTM) for an energy threshold of 250 keV and 1.51/2.97 mm for an energy threshold of 350 keV. The absolute sensitivity for an energy window of 250–650 keV is 1.4%/2.6%/4.3% for LabPET4/8/12, respectively. The best count rate performance peaking at 362 kcps is achieved by the LabPET12 with an energy window of 250–650 keV and a mouse phantom (2.5 cm diameter) at an activity of 2.4 MBq ml?1. With the same phantom, the scatter fraction for all scanners is about 17% for an energy threshold of 250 keV and 10% for an energy threshold of 350 keV. The results obtained with two energy window settings confirm the relevance of high-efficiency and high-resolution operating modes to take full advantage of the imaging capabilities of the LabPET scanners for molecular imaging applications. PMID:24442278

Bergeron, Mélanie; Cadorette, Jules; Tetrault, Marc-André; Beaudoin, Jean-François; Leroux, Jean-Daniel; Fontaine, Réjean; Lecomte, Roger

2014-02-01

105

Labs of the World, Unite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: eScience is rapidly changing the way we do ,re- search. As a result, many research labs now need non- trivial computational power. Grid and voluntary computing are well established solutions for this issue. However, not all labs can effectively benefit from these technologies. In particular, small and medium research labs (which are the majority of the labs in the

Walfredo Cirne; Francisco Vilar Brasileiro; Nazareno Andrade; Lauro B. Costa; Alisson Andrade; Reynaldo Novaes; Miranda Mowbray

2006-01-01

106

The Role of Ecology in the Federal Government. Report of the Committee on Ecological Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was designed as an initial attempt to address the role of the federal government in ecological research and application of this research. The Ad Hoc Committee on Ecological Research, appointed for this study, provided advice and guidance in the following five areas: (1) identification of national needs for ecological knowledge and…

Federal Council for Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

107

DNA Separation Lab in the Classroom and in Real-World Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video produced by WGBH features students in the Amgen-Bruce Wallace Biotechnology Lab Program preparing a recombinant DNA molecule, and examines how this work relates to the way real-life scientists approach similar work.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2011-12-30

108

Improving health research governance and management in the Western Pacific: a WHO expert consultation.  

PubMed

Repeated calls have been made in recent decades to increase investments in health research, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, the perceived low relevance and quality of health research, poor visibility of outputs, and difficulties in tracking current levels of and returns on investments have undermined efforts to advocate for additional investments in these countries. Some of these issues emanate from inadequate governance and management systems for health research at the national level, which are ineffective in tracking and steering the research portfolio and investments, ensuring quality, and facilitating access to research outputs. In spite of this, the value, necessity, and cost of performing health research management and governance functions are not well appreciated, especially in LMIC. To address this, the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for the Western Pacific organized an expert consultation in August 2011, involving experts from 14 of its developed and developing member states and from leading research organizations such as the Wellcome Trust. The consultation identified essential health research governance and management functions that must be performed by appropriate organizational entities to maximize returns on health research investments. In addition, three specific areas for intervention were considered: (1) prospective research registration in publicly accessible national health research registries; (2) systematic health research data archiving and wider access; and (3) national research ethics systems. A consensus was reached on the need to invest more in essential health research and management functions, including establishing publicly accessible web-based national health research registries for prospective registration of health research, setting up systems to archive and share health research data, and improving the governance of research ethics committees. The consultation also concluded that the costs of performing these functions are legitimate and necessary research costs that must be shouldered by research funding organizations. PMID:23672750

Rani, Manju; Bekedam, Hendrik; Buckley, Brian S

2011-11-01

109

Patterns of research activity related to government policy: a UK web based survey  

PubMed Central

Aims: To describe the patterns of child and family health and wellbeing research activity in the fiscal year (FY) 2002/2003 in relation to UK government policies. Methods: Projects investigating the health and wellbeing of children and families were located through a web based survey of major research funders, including UK government departments and non-departmental public bodies, research councils, and medical charities. A budget was estimated for each project for the FY 2002/2003, and each project coded according to a framework which reflected government priorities and research methodologies. Results: There was a substantial amount of project information posted on the websites of the funding organisations, but the level of detail varied. For the FY 2002/2003, 31 organisations were identified that commissioned 567 projects investigating the health and wellbeing of children and families. Based on information from organisations' websites, this represented approximately 3% of their research budgets. Within this funding area, low proportions of research activity related to health inequalities (9% of total expenditure on child and family health research), health economic analysis (8%), primary and secondary prevention (12%), and children and adolescents at high risk of ill health (14%). Conclusions: A limited amount of research activity on children and families health funded in the FY 2002/2003 is addressing UK government policy priorities. This suggests the need to commission further research to fill gaps in the evidence.

Hawkins, S; Law, C

2005-01-01

110

Bringing web 2.0 to government research: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

DASHlink is a public NASA research collaboration website. Web 2.0 style content generation and social software technologies along with a community-moderated posting policy make it easier and faster for NASA scientists and research partners to share data and knowledge with each other and the general public. Designing and building an open collaboration website tested the boundaries of government information sharing

Francesca A. Barrientos; Elizabeth A. Foughty; Dawn M. Mcintosh; Bryan L. Matthews

2009-01-01

111

The All-Asteroids Lab Course: Kepler's Laws, Collisions, And Authentic Undergraduate Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a 12-week undergraduate laboratory sequence based entirely on asteroids and the hazards they pose. This curriculum has been designed primarily for use in an introductory Solar System Astronomy course, but it can be broken into smaller segments for a variety of course scenarios and educational goals. The course begins with a four-lab sequence based on our new

Andrew W. Puckett; T. A. Rector

2010-01-01

112

The GreenLab Research Facility: A Micro-Grid Integrating Production, Consumption and Storage of Clean Energy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There is a large gap between the production and demand for energy from alternative fuel and alternative renewable energy sources. The NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has initiated a laboratory-pilot study that concentrates on using biofuels as viable alternative fuel resources for the field of aviation, as well as, utilizing wind and solar technologies as alternative renewable energy resources, and in addition, the use of pumped water for storage of energy that can be retrieved through hydroelectric generation. This paper describes the GreenLab Research Facility and its power and energy sources with .recommendations for worldwide expansion and adoption of the concept of such a facility

McDowell Bomani, Bilal Mark; Elbuluk, Malik; Fain, Henry; Kankam, Mark D.

2012-01-01

113

Data governance requirements for distributed clinical research networks: triangulating perspectives of diverse stakeholders.  

PubMed

There is currently limited information on best practices for the development of governance requirements for distributed research networks (DRNs), an emerging model that promotes clinical data reuse and improves timeliness of comparative effectiveness research. Much of the existing information is based on a single type of stakeholder such as researchers or administrators. This paper reports on a triangulated approach to developing DRN data governance requirements based on a combination of policy analysis with experts, interviews with institutional leaders, and patient focus groups. This approach is illustrated with an example from the Scalable National Network for Effectiveness Research, which resulted in 91 requirements. These requirements were analyzed against the Fair Information Practice Principles (FIPPs) and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) protected versus non-protected health information. The requirements addressed all FIPPs, showing how a DRN's technical infrastructure is able to fulfill HIPAA regulations, protect privacy, and provide a trustworthy platform for research. PMID:24302285

Kim, Katherine K; Browe, Dennis K; Logan, Holly C; Holm, Roberta; Hack, Lori; Ohno-Machado, Lucila

2014-07-01

114

Research on a fiber Bragg grating sensor system with interferometric demodulation technique with LabVIEW  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensing demodulation system based on Lab VIEW and the technology of fiber Bragg grating sensing is designed. The system based on unbalanced M-Z interferometer demodulation technique translates the FBG wavelength signal related with the strain in to phase signal and measures the change of the phase with a phase measurement system based on Lab VIEW. With the characteristics of high resolution and wide measurement range, this sensor system has the capability of measuring static strain as well as dynamic strain. Experimental shows that the result of strain tested and theory one have a good linear relationship. The strain sensitivity of the experiment system is 1.2pm/??.

Qin, W. G.; Zhang, Y.

2009-07-01

115

Reifenberger Nanophysics Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Reifenberger Nanophysics Lab "uses innovative experimental techniques to examine the physical properties of objects in the nanoscale size range." This website describes the problems the lab is currently investigating including molecular conduction, environmental noise characterization, and new techniques using scanning probe microscopes (SPMs). Users can view an assorted collection of scanning probe images and schematic diagrams of the lab's equipment. Students and researchers can find a video discussing the research applications, lists of the lab's publications since 1992, and numerous links to online journals.

116

Microbes in Mascara: Hypothesis-Driven Research in a Nonmajor Biology Lab  

PubMed Central

In this laboratory exercise, students were taught concepts of microbiology and scientific process through an everyday activity — cosmetic use. The students’ goals for the lab were to develop a hypothesis regarding microbial contamination in cosmetics, learn techniques to culture and differentiate microorganisms from cosmetics, and propose best practices in cosmetics use based on their findings. Prior to the lab, students took a pretest to assess their knowledge of scientific hypotheses, microbiology, and cosmetic safety. In the first week, students were introduced to microbiological concepts and methodologies, and cosmetic terminology and safety. Students completed a hypothesis-writing exercise before formulating and testing their own hypotheses regarding cosmetic contamination. Students provided a cosmetic of their own and, in consultation with their lab group, chose one product for testing. Samples were serially diluted and plated on a variety of selective media. In the second week, students analyzed their plates to determine the presence and diversity of microbes and if their hypotheses were supported. Students completed a worksheet of their results and were given a posttest to assess their knowledge. Average test scores improved from 5.2 (pretest) to 7.8 (posttest), with p-values < 0.0001. Seventy-nine percent (79%) of students correctly identified hypotheses that were not falsifiable or lacked variables, and 89% of students improved their scores on questions concerning safe cosmetic use. Ninety-one percent (91%) of students demonstrated increased knowledge of microbial concepts and methods. Based on our results, this lab is an easy, yet effective, way to enhance knowledge of scientific concepts for nonmajors, while maintaining relevance to everyday life.

Burleson, Kathryn M.; Martinez-Vaz, Betsy M.

2011-01-01

117

Views of the Medical Research Council on the Green Paper "A Framework for Government Research and Development"*  

PubMed Central

The Council recognize the research needs of Government departments and wish to play their part in meeting them (paragraph 4). The Council have an important role in the national research effort (paragraph 5). Coherent policies in medical research are essential for the best use of resources (paragraph 6). The customer/contractor relationship is inappropriate to most biomedical research (paragraph 8). Transfer of 25% of the Council's budget to departments would, in the long term, hinder the advance of medical practice (paragraph 9). Short-term consequences for universities would be severe (paragraph 10). It would be uneconomical for departments to duplicate machinery for making detailed research policy choices (paragraph 11). A better partnership that will meet the needs of government should be developed between departments and the Council (paragraph 12). Respective responsibilities of departments and the Council in research should be redefined (paragraph 12a). Government funds for medical and related research should be reapportioned in relation to responsibilities (paragraph 12b). A basis is proposed for future partnership with departments, which is not dependent on financial sanctions (paragraph 12c). The Council favour establishment of a board similar to that proposed in the Dainton report (Annex 2).

1972-01-01

118

Researchers from the Village. An Indonesian Non-Government Rural Action and Community Development Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A non-government program trains local action-researchers from villages of Java, Indonesia, to work for grass-roots social change within their communities. Begun in 1977, the program trains local men and women to work with their neighbors to revitalize existing institutions and to gain control over the development programs and social services…

Dilts, Russ; And Others

119

A Bridge between Practice and Research: Which Governance Vehicle Suits best the Purpose?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to successfully govern an enterprise, business and information technology must be aligned. With proper alignment comes many benefits, including improved risk mitigation and more effective use of IT resources. Undoubtedly, the challenge and complexity of this endeavour is enormous and has previously been addressed in research literature and by practitioners. The Strategic Alignment Maturity Assessment Framework is a

Narcisa Jonsson; Mårten Simonsson

120

Risk to Medicine or the Autonomy Rights of Subjects? Governing American Medical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Western European democracies today, research on human subjects requires that a proposed investigation receive ethical approval -- a long and burdensome system of governance that includes multiple reviews by a complex hierarchy of review boards. How did this ethical structure come about? A number of scholars have addressed this issue and generally argue along one of the following lines.

Gerald Kutcher

121

The Governance of Solar Radiation Management Research: The Need for Innovative Institutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent policy failures to control reduction of green house gas emissions have spurred interest in the potential of deliberate large-scale intervention in the Earth's climate system, so-called "geoengineering," in order to reduce global warming. However, many of the ideas that have been proposed to date, notably the injection of sulphate aerosols into the stratosphere, a technique often referred to as solar radiation management (SRM), involve significant risks and uncertainties. Because of the potential risks of this research, and its controversial nature, there is broad agreement that it should be conducted, if at all, in accordance with appropriate governance. But what exactly is appropriate governance, and what are the bounds of political accountability? The research, particularly any field experiments, will have to be governed by institutions that are both effective and credible. Institutions might be public bodies, or they might systems of norms. We define "effective" to mean sufficiently protective of human and environmental health, and "credible" to mean trusted by the public and affected parties. Neither effective nor credible governance can be achieved by scientific elites alone. Designing such institutions will be a major challenge given the scope of the problem, the inherited political landscape, and the bars to discussion posed by technical content. Task force on Climate Remediation at the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington has recently recommended that the US begin research on a wide variety of technologies to see if any hold promise for ameliorating the extreme effects of climate change. As members of that task force, we will present some of its ideas for institutionalizing governance over that research, and add detail to recommendations therein, especially concerning the creation of new kinds of institutions. Past experiences with the governance of controversial technologies -- such as GMOs, pharmaceuticals, and nuclear energy -- provide important comparative case studies. Governing institutions have the important role of developing societal capacity to deliberate about SRM within the context of the larger climate problem. Overall, governance must enable good decisions about how risky research is conducted and to create the conditions under which new knowledge can be

Long, J. C.; Winickoff, D.

2011-12-01

122

Corporate governance crisis down under: Post-Enron accounting education and research inertia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian and New Zealand accounting academic responses to corporate governance and reporting failures is a story not simply told in the context of high profile international corporate failures such as Enron and WorldCom. This study notes a sequence of major Australian corporate failures that predate Enron and WorldCom. Through research into professional, business and research literature, profession and governmental\\/regulatory websites,

Lee D. Parker

2005-01-01

123

caNanoLab  

Cancer.gov

Welcome to the cancer Nanotechnology Laboratory (caNanoLab) portal. caNanoLab is a data sharing portal designed to facilitate information sharing in the biomedical nanotechnology research community to expedite and validate the use of nanotechnology in biomedicine. caNanoLab provides support for the annotation of nanomaterials with characterizations resulting from physico-chemical and in vitro assays and the sharing of these characterizations and associated nanotechnology protocols in a secure fashion.

124

Stanford Humanities Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 2000, the Stanford Humanities Lab (SHL) discovers "fascinating futures to be explored in ignoring and crossing disciplinary borders." The Lab engages in a number of research projects that are collaborative, co-creative, and team-based. These projects have resulted in new media projects, interactive archives, predictive models of social changes, and exhibitions. Users can browse the lab's groups and their work on this site.

125

Government can regulate food advertising to children because cognitive research shows that it is inherently misleading.  

PubMed

The childhood obesity crisis has prompted repeated calls for government action to curb the marketing of unhealthy food to children. Food and entertainment industry groups have asserted that the First Amendment prohibits such regulation. However, case law establishes that the First Amendment does not protect "inherently misleading" commercial speech. Cognitive research indicates that young children cannot effectively recognize the persuasive intent of advertising or apply the critical evaluation required to comprehend commercial messages. Given this combination--that government can prohibit "inherently misleading" advertising and that children cannot adequately understand commercial messages--advertising to children younger than age twelve should be considered beyond the scope of constitutional protection. PMID:22323170

Graff, Samantha; Kunkel, Dale; Mermin, Seth E

2012-02-01

126

Governing synthetic biology for global health through responsible research and innovation.  

PubMed

Synthetic biology (SynBio) is a global endeavour with research and development programs in many countries, and due (in part) to its multi-use characteristics it has potential to improve global health in the area of vaccine development, diagnostics, drug synthesis, and the detection and remediation of environmental toxins. However, SynBio will also concurrently require global governance. Here we present what we have learnt from the articles in this Special Issue, and the workshop we hosted in The Hague in February of 2012 on SynBio, global health, and global governance that generated many of the papers appearing here. Importantly we take the notion of 'responsible research and innovation' as a guiding perspective. In doing so our understanding of governance is one that shifts its focus from preventing risks and other potential negative implications, and instead is concerned with institutions and practices involved in the inclusive steering of science and technology towards socially desirable outcomes. We first provide a brief overview of the notion of global health, and SynBio's relation to global health issues. The core of the paper explores some of the dynamics involved in fostering SynBio's global health pursuits; paying particular attention to of intellectual property, incentives, and commercialization regimes. We then examines how DIYbio, Interactive Learning and Action, and road-mapping activities can be seen as positive and productive forms of governance that can lead to more inclusive SynBio global health research programs. PMID:24432151

Douglas, Conor M W; Stemerding, Dirk

2013-09-01

127

Diamond Research Overview and a Model for Lab Experiments Using Oxyacetylene Torch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

High pressure synthetic diamonds have now been a commercial product for over 40 years. Russian scientists invented the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process 30 years ago, while the Japanese followed 10 years later and the U.S. was introduced to it 10 years after that. The new syntheses focus is on liquid and solid phase approaches. There are three CVD processes: microwave plasma, hot filament, and oxy-acetylene torch. The oxy-acetylene torch is an excellent materials synthesis lab experiment, emphasizing the simplicity of the science.

Roy, Rustum

1996-01-01

128

Research jobs for recent college graduates: A comparison between traditional lab technician positions and NIH's postbaccalaureate IRTA fellowship.  

PubMed Central

The features that distinguish the Postbaccalaureate IRTA experience from a normal lab tech job are the enhanced educational opportunities, greater independence, more organized social outlets and networking opportunities, life in the DC Metro area, and the NIH itself. Also, research experience looks great on a CV when applying for research jobs or graduate schools, and the NIH name and Postbaccalaureate IRTA fellowship are impressive to potential employers and admissions committees. On the other hand, lab tech jobs often require fewer commitments outside of a normal 9-to-5 work day and usually have better pay and benefits than the Postbaccalaureate IRTA fellowship. In addition, working at a specific university often carries the benefit of being closer to one’s family, friends, and/or significant others. Someone who does not like cities can choose to work at a university that has ready access to the beach, mountains, or regions of the country that are more personally appealing than the Washington, DC, area. Lab tech jobs also usually require at least a two year commitment, whereas the Postbac IRTA fellowship is generally a one year commitment (possibly two). Regardless of which option you choose, you should be active in searching for a job that lets you fulfill the goals you set for yourself in the years between graduating and starting graduate or medical school. Whether those goals are to publish, get experience, save money, or just enjoy yourself, with careful questioning and circumspection, you should be able to maximize the possibility that you will meet your goals.

Herbert, J. Taylor

2003-01-01

129

Annual Report July 1983-June 1984. (National Physical Research Lab., South Africa).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report gives a summary of the activities of the National Physical Research Laboratory of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa. Research done covered a wide variety of subjects. General physics research covered aspects such ...

1984-01-01

130

NASA Glenn's Engine Components Research Lab, Cell 2B, Reactivated to Support the U.S. Army Research Laboratory T700 Engine Test  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The U.S. Army Vehicle Technology Directorate at the NASA Glenn Research Center has been directed by their parent command, the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL), to demonstrate active stall technology in a turboshaft engine as the next step in transitioning this technology to the Army and aerospace industry. Therefore, the Vehicle Technology Directorate requested the reactivation of Glenn's Engine Components Research Lab, Cell 2B, (ECRL 2B). They wanted to test a T700 engine that had been used previously for turboshaft engine research as a partnership between the Army and NASA on small turbine engine research. ECRL 2B had been placed in standby mode in 1997. Glenn's Testing Division initiated reactivation in May 2002 to support the new research effort, and they completed reactivation and improvements in September 2003.

Beltran, Luis R.; Griffin, Thomas A.

2004-01-01

131

Perceptions of State Government stakeholders & researchers regarding public health research priorities in India: an exploratory survey.  

PubMed

Public health research has several stakeholders that should be involved in identifying public health research agenda. A survey was conducted prior to a national consultation organized by the Department of Health Research with the objective to identify the key public health research priorities as perceived by the State health officials and public health researchers. A cross-sectional survey was done for the State health officials involved in public health programmes and public health researchers in various States of India. A self-administered semi-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Overall, 35 State officials from 15 States and 17 public health researchers participated in the study. Five leading public health research priorities identified in the open ended query were maternal and child health (24%), non-communicable diseases (22%), vector borne diseases (6%), tuberculosis (6%) and HIV/AIDS/STI (5%). Maternal and child health research was the leading priority; however, researchers also gave emphasis on the need for research in the emerging public health challenges such as non-communicable diseases. Structured initiatives are needed to promote interactions between policymakers and researchers at all stages of research starting from defining problems to the use of research to achieve the health goals as envisaged in the 12th Plan over next five years. PMID:24718397

Kaur, Prabhdeep; Chitra, Grace A; Mehendale, Sanjay M; Katoch, Vishwa M

2014-02-01

132

Legal agreements and the governance of research commons: lessons from materials sharing in mouse genomics.  

PubMed

Omics research infrastructure such as databases and bio-repositories requires effective governance to support pre-competitive research. Governance includes the use of legal agreements, such as Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs). We analyze the use of such agreements in the mouse research commons, including by two large-scale resource development projects: the International Knockout Mouse Consortium (IKMC) and International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC). We combine an analysis of legal agreements and semi-structured interviews with 87 members of the mouse model research community to examine legal agreements in four contexts: (1) between researchers; (2) deposit into repositories; (3) distribution by repositories; and (4) exchanges between repositories, especially those that are consortium members of the IKMC and IMPC. We conclude that legal agreements for the deposit and distribution of research reagents should be kept as simple and standard as possible, especially when minimal enforcement capacity and resources exist. Simple and standardized legal agreements reduce transactional bottlenecks and facilitate the creation of a vibrant and sustainable research commons, supported by repositories and databases. PMID:24552652

Mishra, Amrita; Bubela, Tania

2014-04-01

133

Legal Agreements and the Governance of Research Commons: Lessons from Materials Sharing in Mouse Genomics  

PubMed Central

Abstract Omics research infrastructure such as databases and bio-repositories requires effective governance to support pre-competitive research. Governance includes the use of legal agreements, such as Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs). We analyze the use of such agreements in the mouse research commons, including by two large-scale resource development projects: the International Knockout Mouse Consortium (IKMC) and International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC). We combine an analysis of legal agreements and semi-structured interviews with 87 members of the mouse model research community to examine legal agreements in four contexts: (1) between researchers; (2) deposit into repositories; (3) distribution by repositories; and (4) exchanges between repositories, especially those that are consortium members of the IKMC and IMPC. We conclude that legal agreements for the deposit and distribution of research reagents should be kept as simple and standard as possible, especially when minimal enforcement capacity and resources exist. Simple and standardized legal agreements reduce transactional bottlenecks and facilitate the creation of a vibrant and sustainable research commons, supported by repositories and databases.

Mishra, Amrita

2014-01-01

134

Human Brains Engaged in Rat Brains: Student-driven Neuroanatomy Research in an Introductory Biology Lab Course  

PubMed Central

Inquiry-based laboratory instruction has been shown to actively engage students in the content and skills being taught. These courses are further intended to teach students not only what is known, but also the process by which investigators come to know it. We sought to take this approach one step further and incorporate novel research questions into an inquiry-based laboratory model early in the undergraduate course of study. In this research-based introductory laboratory course, first-year students acquired basic lab skills not just for their own sake, but rather within the context of a research question of a member of the faculty. Student projects investigated potential neuroanatomical changes in animal models of dyslexia and aging and included measurements of neuron numbers and levels and distribution of neuronal proteins. Students played an active role in designing and implementing an experimental plan, explored data analysis techniques, and reflected on the results that they obtained in scholarly forms such as research papers and a departmental poster session. Student feedback on this approach has been extremely positive, and the data collected were research quality preliminary data that are being actively pursued for further study. Based on our encouraging experiences, we conclude that designing an introductory course around novel research, including some assessments modeled after scholarly practices, provides motivation and excitement for the students, instills good scientific habits, and can potentially benefit departmental research.

Gardner, Stephanie M.; Adedokun, Omolola A.; Weaver, Gabriela C.; Bartlett, Edward L.

2011-01-01

135

Government-University-Industry-Research Roundtable. Annual report, June 14, 1991--June 14, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The major accomplishment of the past year in the Roundtable`s continuing work on issues of concern to the academic enterprise is the preparation of two documents - Science and Technology in the Academic Enterprise: Status, Trends, and Issues and Perspectives on Financing Academic Research Facilities: A Resource for Policy Formulation. The significance of these two publications is that they both organize a large amount of complex and often controversial material in a way that is useful for further discussions and, in some cases, action by the government and higher education communities. The test for the Roundtable now is whether it can stimulate these follow-on activities. The model in this regard is the Federal Demonstration Project, where the Roundtable stimulated specific government-university joint actions in streamlining research grant administration. All of these activities are described below in greater detail.

Not Available

1995-02-01

136

Consent and Research Governance in Biobanks: Evidence from Focus Groups with Medical Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much is known about patient attitudes to ethical and legal questions in the context of biobanking, particularly regarding privacy protection and consent. However, little is known about the attitudes of medical researchers who use biobanks for research to these issues. Four focus groups with medical researchers in the UK were conducted in 2010–2011. The study highlights a range of issues

E. A. Whitley; N. Kanellopoulou; J. Kaye

2012-01-01

137

International comparative study of systems for the government advancement of research and development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The reorganization, structure and instruments of government advancement of research in three countries was compared: France, Sweden and the USA. In France the powers are centralized; in Sweden and the USA, decentralized. Assistance to projects is provided with grants and contracts in all three countries. France and Sweden also give loans with conditional waiving of reimbursement in case of failure. In all three countries indirect assistance is provided only with small tax breaks.

Ripke, M.; Foerst, R.

1984-01-01

138

Research on the Governance of Creditor's Rights and Growth of SMEs: An Empirical Analysis Based on Structure Equation Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of Listed small and medium enterprise's(SMEs) empirical datum in China, this paper applying structure equation model (SEM) to research four dimensions of creditor's rights governance mechanism: solvency, debt financing level, assets maturity structure, debt maturity structure. And we do research on both theory and empirical analysis on the relationship between governance of creditor's rights, enterprise characteristics and

Wang Xiao-ding; Chen Xiao-hong; Zeng Jiang-hong

2007-01-01

139

Integrating Governance of Research Informatics and Health Care IT Across an Enterprise: Experiences from the Trenches  

PubMed Central

Advances in health information technology and biomedical informatics have laid the groundwork for significant improvements in healthcare and biomedical research. For instance, Electronic Health Records can help improve the delivery of evidence-based care, enhance quality, and contribute to discoveries and evidence generation. Despite this promise, there are many challenges to achieving the vision and missions of our healthcare and research enterprises. Given the challenges inherent in doing so, institutions are increasingly moving to establish dedicated leadership and governance models charged with designing, deploying and leveraging various information resources to advance research and advanced care activities at AHCs. Some institutions have even created a new leadership position to oversee such activities, such as the Chief Research Information Officer. This panel will include research informatics leaders discussing their experiences from the proverbial trenches as they work to operationalize such cross-mission governance models. Panelists will start by providing an overview their respective positions and environments, discuss their experiences, and share lessons learned through their work at the intersection of clinical and translational research informatics and Health IT.

Embi, Peter J.; Tachinardi, Umberto; Lussier, Yves; Starren, Justin; Silverstein, Jonathan

140

Scientific institutions and effective governance: a case study of Chinese stem cell research  

PubMed Central

In terms of stem cell research, China appears both as a “powerhouse” armed with state-of-the-art facilities, internationally trained personnel and permissive regulation and as a “bit player,” with its capability for conducting high quality research still in question. The gap between China’s assiduous endeavors and the observed outcome is due to a number of factors. Based on interviews with 48 key stakeholders active in Chinese stem cell research, this article examines how the structure of scientific institutions has affected effective governance in China. It is demonstrated that despite China’s recent efforts to attract highly competent researchers and to launch new regulatory initiatives, the effects of these attempts have been diminished by an absence of middle-layer positions within research teams and by the uncoordinated administrative structures among regulatory bodies.

Zhang, Joy Yueyue

2013-01-01

141

One stop or full stop? The continuing challenges for researchers despite the new streamlined NHS research governance process  

PubMed Central

Background Obtaining the necessary approvals and permission for clinical research requires successful negotiation of the ethical and R&D layers of the NHS. Differences in structure and governance frameworks feature between the constituent nations of the UK (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), which adds complexity to cross-national studies. Difficulties in carrying out research in the NHS in the UK due to bureaucratic and time-consuming governance processes have led to the development of a new system of application and co-ordination from 2009. This paper illustrates how this new system fails to be consistent and streamlined and is unlikely to become so unless changes are made to the implementation and management of the governance processes. Methods We present a case study of the research governance process at the survey stage of an investigation into the use, preferences and need for information by people making choices or decisions about health care. The method involved home-based, face-to-face interviewing in a questionnaire survey in relation to decisions about lymphoma treatment, Down's syndrome screening in pregnancy, and caring for people with dementia. Results Our experience of the ethics stage was very positive, noting an efficient process of application and a speedy decision, both in relation to the initial application and to subsequent substantial amendments. By contrast, the R&D stages were very slow, most with unexplained delays, but some offering contradictory advice and exhibiting a lack of clear guidance and training for NHS staff. The R&D arrangements in Scotland were far quicker and more likely to be successful than in England. Overall, the delays were so severe that substantial parts of the research could not be delivered as planned within the funding timescale. Conclusions If high-quality research in the NHS, particularly in England, is to be delivered in a timely and cost-effective way, R&D processes for gaining research governance approval need improvement. Attention is needed in process implementation and management, particularly in relation to staff training, as well as clarity in guidance and communication within and between organisations.

2010-01-01

142

Soil bed reactor work of the Environmental Research Lab. of the University of Arizona in support of the research and development of Biosphere 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research at the Environmental Research Lab in support of Biosphere 2 was both basic and applied in nature. One aspect of the applied research involved the use of biological reactors for the scrubbing of trace atmospheric organic contaminants. The research involved a quantitative study of the efficiency of operation of Soil Bed Reactors (SBR) and the optimal operating conditions for contaminant removal. The basic configuration of a SBR is that air is moved through a living soil that supports a population of plants. Upon exposure to the soil, contaminants are either passively adsorbed onto the surface of soil particles, chemically transformed in the soil to usable compounds that are taken up by the plants or microbes as a metabolic energy source and converted to CO2 and water.

Frye, Robert

1990-01-01

143

Concentration, Chlorination, and Chemical Analysis of Drinking Water for Disinfection Byproduct Mixtures Health Effects Research: U.S. EPA?s Four Lab Study  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency?s ?Four Lab Study? involved participation of researchers from four national Laboratories and Centers of the Office of Research and Development along with collaborators from the water industry and academia. The study evaluated toxicological...

144

Government-industry-uUniversity and rResearch lLaboratories cCoordination for new product development: Session 2. Government research laboratory perspective  

SciTech Connect

This talk is the second in an expanded series of presentations on the Government-Industry-University and Research Laboratories Coordination for new product development, which is a timely and important public policy issue. Such interactions have become particularly timely in light of the present decline in funding for research and development (R&D) in the nation`s budget and in the private sector. These interactions, at least in principle, provide a means to maximize benefits for the greater good of the nation by pooling the diminishing resources. National laboratories, which traditionally interacted closely with the universities in educational training, now are able to also participate closely with industry in joint R&D thanks to a number of public laws legislated since the early 80s. A review of the experiences with such interactions at Argonne National Laboratory, which exemplifies the national laboratories, shows that, despite differences in their traditions and the missions, the national laboratory-industry-university triangle can work together.

Kuzay, T.M.

1997-09-01

145

Research governance: where did it come from, what does it mean?  

PubMed Central

For a variety of historical and social reasons, research has become increasingly formalized and regulated. This change has potential benefits (reduction in fraud and misconduct, protection of vulnerable groups, financial probity) but also disadvantages (increased paperwork, time delays, constraints on research freedom). The terms ‘research’ and ‘governance’ mean different things in different contexts. Even with explicit guidance, ambiguities must be resolved by human judgement. Variation in the nature and outcome of approval decisions is therefore a fact of life. The type of approval needed for a research study depends on the official remit of the approval body, the question to be addressed; the methods to be used; the context in which the work will take place; the level of analysis and interpretation; and the plans for how the findings will be presented and used.

Shaw, Sara; Boynton, Petra M; Greenhalgh, Trisha

2005-01-01

146

Risk analysis in research environment – Part I: Modeling Lab Criticity Index using Improved Risk Priority Number  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current available risk analysis techniques are well adapted to industry needs since they were developed for its purpose. All hazards present in industry are also met in research\\/academia, although quantities of some hazardous substances are smaller. Still, because of its characteristics e.g., high turnover of collaborators, rapid reorientation of research programs, freedom of research, equipment often in development stage, difficulty

Aristide Ouédraogo; Amela Groso; Thierry Meyer

2011-01-01

147

PSI research in the ITER divertor parameter range at the FOM PSI-lab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FOM-Rijnhuizen is building, in cooperation with its Trilateral Euregio Cluster (TEC) partners, a PSI-laboratory to study plasma surface interaction (PSI) under extreme, ITER relevant plasma conditions. The largest linear plasma generator of PSI-lab is Magnum-PSI, and is designed to deliver up to 10 MW m-2 power over a 10 cm diameter hydrogen plasma beam with an electron density (ne) up to 1021 m-3 and electron-temperature (Te) between 1-5 eV. Magnum-PSI is presently under construction and its predesign is presented. Its forerunner is Pilot-PSI, in which record plasma parameters of ne=4×1021 m-3 at Te=2 eV in a ~1 cm wide hydrogen beam confined by a magnetic field (B) <=1.6 T were measured at 40 mm downstream the source nozzle. At 17 mm in front of a target (located at 0.56 m distance from the source nozzle), ne>1021 m-3 and Te<= 4 eV have been demonstrated. Initial experiments on exposing fine-grain carbon samples are presented that showed up to 20 ?m s-1 erosion as a demonstration of the extreme plasma conditions. Spectroscopy was applied to compare chemical erosion yields for flux densities up to 5.0×1024 m-2 s-1.

Westerhout, J.; Koppers, W. R.; Vijvers, W. A. J.; Al, R. S.; Brezinsek, S.; Brons, S.; van Eck, H. J. N.; Engeln, R.; de Groot, B.; Koch, R.; van der Meiden, H. J.; Nuijten, M. P.; Philipps, V.; van de Pol, M. J.; Prins, P. R.; Samm, U.; Scholten, J.; Schram, D. C.; Schweer, B.; Smeets, P. H. M.; Whyte, D. G.; Zoethout, E.; Kleyn, A. W.; Goedheer, W. J.; Lopes Cardozo, N. J.; van Rooij, G. J.

2007-03-01

148

Education Program for Doctoral Researchers by Industrial-Government-Academic Cooperation and Interaction between Different Research Fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New education program to train graduate students and postdoctoral researchers who can be good leaders in a variety of social fields by cooperation of graduate school of engineering and pharmaceutical sciences is conducted as an advanced activity in Kyoto University. This program consists of four sub-programs and the educational effect by the collaboration of industry-government-academic and the interaction between dissimilar research fields is described in this paper. Trainees in this program acquire the ability to understand objectively one’ s research from comprehensive point of view and to debate with researchers in different fields. This program supports them to become ‘Global Leaders’ who play an important role internationally in advanced technology.

Oki, Kazuya; Sawaragi, Tetsuo; Hasebe, Shinji; Morisawa, Shinsuke

149

LABS Foundational Technology  

SciTech Connect

They are the inventors of our generation dedicated to exceptional science, advancing the technologies of tomorrow. CO-LABS honors the outstanding achievements of researchers and their impact on the world.

None

2012-01-01

150

The LabWrite Project: Experiences reforming lab report writing practice in undergraduate lab courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory reports have always been a part of the modern science and engineering curricula. However, it has also often been the least liked part of a students' (and instructors') laboratory experience. Despite research demonstrating the importance of lab reports to the undergraduate science and engineering lab experience, instructors are likely to minimize their use. Lab reports have been replaced with

Eric N. Wiebe; Catherine E. Brawner; Michael Carter; Miriam G. Ferzli

2005-01-01

151

Accessible Research Experiences: A New Paradigm for In-Lab Chemical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The preliminary efforts to engage students in the physical sciences through research projects in environmental chemistry are described. The successful involvement of two demographics, community college (CC) students and female students in cutting-edge chemistry research suggests that recruiting methods were effective and the feedback from…

Baum, Marc M.; Krider, Elizabeth S.; Moss, John A.

2006-01-01

152

With NSF Support, Research Moves into Science Labs of 2-Year Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Original research in biology, which is thought to spark student interest and bolster majors, makes its way to the associate-degree level. Through a grant from the National Science Foundation, students of biology in community colleges will have the chance to do research on open-ended, real-world questions with no predetermined answers--and…

Berrett, Dan

2012-01-01

153

Lab to farm: applying research on plant genetics and genomics to crop improvement.  

PubMed

Over the last 300 years, plant science research has provided important knowledge and technologies for advancing the sustainability of agriculture. In this Essay, I describe how basic research advances have been translated into crop improvement, explore some lessons learned, and discuss the potential for current and future contribution of plant genetic improvement technologies to continue to enhance food security and agricultural sustainability. PMID:24915201

Ronald, Pamela C

2014-06-01

154

Risk analysis in research environment – Part II: Weighting Lab Criticity Index using the Analytic Hierarchy Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new methodology for risk analysis, namely Laboratory Assessment and Risk Analysis – LARA, is proposed in the companion paper to assess risks in research\\/academia environment. The core of this methodology relies on defining the adequate role player factors to assess risks in research environment and their mathematical combination to quantify and assess the risk. Quantitative outcome of the analysis

Aristide Ouédraogo; Amela Groso; Thierry Meyer

2011-01-01

155

Lab to Farm: Applying Research on Plant Genetics and Genomics to Crop Improvement  

PubMed Central

Over the last 300 years, plant science research has provided important knowledge and technologies for advancing the sustainability of agriculture. In this Essay, I describe how basic research advances have been translated into crop improvement, explore some lessons learned, and discuss the potential for current and future contribution of plant genetic improvement technologies to continue to enhance food security and agricultural sustainability.

Ronald, Pamela C.

2014-01-01

156

Suitability of the wireless testbed w-iLab.t for VANET research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two quite different tools are normally used in the research of Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANET). Simulators are practical and cost-efficient, but are not entirely accurate representations of the real life situation. Field operational tests (FOT) provide exactly the opposite characteristics. A wireless testbed is situated somewhere in between, but has not yet been applied in VANET research. In this

Wim Vandenberghe; Ingrid Moerman; Piet Demeester; Hans Cappelle

2011-01-01

157

An academic-public health department partnership for education, research, practice, and governance.  

PubMed

Public health departments and medical schools are often disconnected, yet each has much to offer the other. There are 4 areas in which the 2 entities can partner; in Atlanta, Georgia, the Morehouse School of Medicine (particularly its Prevention Research Center or PRC) and the Fulton County Department of Health and Wellness have demonstrated partnership in each area. With respect to teaching, the 2 have collaborated on clerkships for medical students and rotations for preventive medicine residents. In research, Morehouse faculty and health department staff have worked together on projects. In service, the 2 entities have been able to put into practice interventions developed through their joint research efforts. In governance, the health department has a representative on the PRC board, while the PRC principal investigator serves on the Fulton County Board of Health. Benefits have accrued to both entities and to the communities that they serve. PMID:24667192

Akintobi, Tabia Henry; Dawood, Nazeera; Blumenthal, Daniel S

2014-01-01

158

From Banking to International Governance: Fostering Innovation in Stem Cell Research  

PubMed Central

Stem cell banks are increasingly recognized as an essential resource of biological materials for both basic and translational stem cell research. By providing transnational access to quality controlled and ethically sourced stem cell lines, stem cell banks seek to foster international collaboration and innovation. However, given that national stem cell banks operate under different policy, regulatory and commercial frameworks, the transnational sharing of stem cell materials and data can be complicating. This paper will provide an overview of the most pressing challenges regarding the governance of stem cell banks, and the difficulties in designing regulatory and commercial frameworks that foster stem cell research. Moreover, the paper will shed light on the numerous international initiatives that have arisen to help harmonize and standardize stem cell banking and research processes to overcome such challenges.

Isasi, Rosario; Knoppers, Bartha M.

2011-01-01

159

Rural Government--Poor Counties, 1962-87. Rural Development Research Report Number 88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1960s, many rural local governments were believed to provide inadequate government services, which hindered rural development. Rapid growth in government spending has reduced the incidence of government poverty from 78 percent of nonmetropolitan counties in 1962 to only 7 percent in 1987. Those counties still government-poor in 1987…

Reeder, Richard J.; Jansen, Anicca C.

160

Research and Teaching: Are Students' Performances in Labs Related to Their Performances in Lecture Portions of Introductory Science Courses?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this study, the author examined how attendance in the lab is associated with students' lab grades and overall course grades in an introductory biology course. Results from this study indicate that academic motivation, as expressed by high rates of class attendance, is critical to students' success in introductory science courses. The highest levels of academic performance are strongly associated with attendance, both in lecture as well as in lab. Similarly, poor attendance usually forecasts low grades.

Moore, Randy

2008-01-01

161

Concentration, Chlorination, and Chemical Analysis of Drinking Water for Disinfection Byproduct Mixtures Health Effects Research: U.S. EPA?s Four Lab Study  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency?s ?Four Lab Study?, involved participation of scientists and engineers from four national Laboratories and Centers of the Office of Research and Development along with collaborators from water industry and academia. The study evaluated tox...

162

Campus: "Lab" and "Window" for Sustainable Design Research and Education--The DECOS Educational Network Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to diffuse the concept of a multi-lateral learning process as a means to promote experimental didactics and research (and the cross-fertilization between these two activities) in the field of design of sustainable product-service systems (PSSs) and to consider the university campus as the locus for the design,…

Vezzoli, Carlo; Penin, Lara

2006-01-01

163

Rocket Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is lab based competition. The students engineer a 2-litter rocket to have the maximum hang time. After the initial launch, the students are given an opportunity to re-engineer to produce a better time. The activity finishes with a lab write-up.

164

USMES Design Lab Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Design Lab Manual provides a detailed description of various types of Design Labs used in the USMES program. Chapters cover the USMES Design Lab concept; tone of Design Lab activities; in-class Design Lab; portable Design Lab; the Design Lab room; cost/scrounging; staffing and scheduling a Design Lab; Design Lab training for teachers; Design…

Education Development Center, Inc., Newton, MA.

165

From the lab to the police station. A successful application of eyewitness research.  

PubMed

The U.S. Department of Justice released the first national guide for collecting and preserving eyewitness evidence in October 1999. Scientific psychology played a large role in making a case for these procedural guidelines as well as in setting a scientific foundation for the guidelines, and eyewitness researchers directly participated in writing them. The authors describe how eyewitness researchers shaped understanding of eyewitness evidence issues over a long period of time through research and theory on system variables. Additional pressure for guidelines was applied by psychologists through expert testimony that focused on deficiencies in the procedures used to collect the eyewitness evidence. DNA exoneration cases were particularly important in leading U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno to notice the eyewitness literature in psychology and to order the National Institute of Justice to coordinate the development of national guidelines. The authors describe their experience as members of the working group, which included prosecutors, defense lawyers, and law enforcement officers from across the country. PMID:10892200

Wells, G L; Malpass, R S; Lindsay, R C; Fisher, R P; Turtle, J W; Fulero, S M

2000-06-01

166

Dauphin Island Sea Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dauphin Island Sea Lab is Alabama's marine education and research center. Lab also provides a public aquarium that focuses solely on the native eco-systems of the Mobile Bay estuary. Site provides information on graduate programs, undergraduate opportunities, faculty, facilities, and news and events. Explore the Education and Aquarium sections for teacher resources and information on workshops, student summer camps, and academic-year programs.

167

A research on China's e-government strategy in view of administrative cost control  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-government is the production of network technology during the information age, taking up a significant role in the national informative construction. Laying emphasis on the construction and development of e-government has become an inevitable choice for various countries to enhance government efficiency and to improve government competitiveness. E-government, the construction of which causes huge costs of funds and involves extensive

Zheng Xiao-dong

2010-01-01

168

Government-promoted collective research and development in Japan: Analyses of the organization through case studies  

SciTech Connect

A study was commissioned by the Energy Conservation and Utilization Technologies (ECUT) Program of the US Department of Energy (DOE) to better understand the strategies used for cooperative and joint-venture research and development (R D) overseas. The study evaluates the organization and management of several different types of cooperative R D programs in Japan that are sponsored under the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) Program, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology (ERATO) Program, and the Key Technology Center (KTC) Program. The ERATO Program grew out of a concern over revising the government's approach to supporting research and technology development. The program was initiated to address what was regarded as a lack of creativity in areas at the forefront of science. The program recruits young researchers and allows them flexibility to explore multi-disciplinary areas at the forefront of science. It has been organized to allow for individual creativity but at the same time to benefit from the combined knowledge of an assembly of researchers. Because the plan is such a radical departure from conventional Japanese philosophy, it has met with certain bureaucratic obstacles. Visits to four ERATO projects are described. The third program, the KTC Program, focuses on getting private firms to venture into risky areas of advanced technology to pave the way for future industries. Its goal is to encourage a shift of resources in the private sector toward areas that are considered essential for the competitive development of future industries. The principal philosophy behind the KTC is that the private sector is in the best position to identify promising technical challenges and to weigh their commercial potential against research uncertainties. Three KTC research joint ventures are briefly described. 13 refs., 9 figs., 35 tabs.

Hane, G.J.

1990-06-01

169

Undergraduate Biology Lab Courses: Comparing the Impact of Traditionally Based "Cookbook" and Authentic Research-Based Courses on Student Lab Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, several reports have recommended a shift in undergraduate biology laboratory courses from traditionally structured, often described as "cookbook," to authentic research-based experiences. This study compares a cookbook-type laboratory course to a research-based undergraduate biology laboratory course at a Research 1…

Brownell, Sara E.; Kloser, Matthew J.; Fukami, Tadishi; Shavelson, Rich

2012-01-01

170

Researchers Uncover Errors in Immature Brain Cells in Lab and Animal Studies that May Promote the Growth of Some Brain Tumors  

Cancer.gov

In experiments done in lab and animal studies, a breakdown in proper cell development has been shown to cause brain-specific stem cells to become starter seeds for aggressive brain tumors called glioblastoma multiforme, according to research from a team of researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke (NINDS), parts of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

171

Effective, Safe, and Inexpensive Microscale Ultrasonic Setup for Teaching and Research Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ultrasound has been used as a source of energy in chemical reactions to increase both reaction rate and product yield. Ultrasonic horns can be used for this purpose on the laboratory scale. A homemade, safe, effective, and inexpensive reactor for ultrasonic horns with applications in microscale experiments in teaching and research laboratories is presented here. The vessel has two side necks for the insertion of either a flexible temperature probe, an inert-gas line adapter, or a septum to take samples from the reaction mixture. The reactor design allows work with small volumes (2-3 mL) optimal for microscale reactions. The tip of the sonication probe easily reaches the bottom of the vessel, producing vigorous agitation throughout the reaction medium. The design also facilitates temperature modulation with an external cooling bath, allowing reactions at low temperatures. This homemade reactor vessel for ultrasonic horns has only one-sixth the cost of the standard commercial reactors. The microscale sonication setup is safer than larger units because of its robust single-piece construction and easy placement in a protection shield cabinet, and the reduced hazards inherent in running reactions on a small scale. An experimental procedure is included to illustrate the applicability of the system.

Montaña, Angel M.; Grima, Pedro M.

2000-06-01

172

Rat maintenance in the Research Animal Holding Facility during the flight of Space Lab 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To test the husbandry capabilities of the Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF) during space flight, 24 male rats were flown on Spacelab 3 for 7 days. Twelve large rats (400 g, LF), 5 of which had telemetry devices implanted (IF), and 12 small rats (200 g, SF) were housed in the RAHF. Examination 3 hr after landing (R + 3) revealed the rats to be free of injury, well nourished, and stained with urine. At R + 10 the rats were lethargic and atonic with hyperemia of the extremities and well groomed except for a middorsal area stained with urine and food. Both LF and SF rats showed weight gains comparable to their IG controls; IF rats grew less than controls. Food and water consumption were similar for flight and control groups. Plasma concentrations of total protein, sodium, albumin and creatinine did not differ between flight and control groups. LF and SF rats had elevated plasma glucose, and SF rats had increased blood urea nitrogen, potassium and glutamic pyruvic transaminase. These observations indicate that rats maintained in the RAHF were healthy, well nourished and experienced minimal stress; physiological changes in the rats can thus be attributed to the effects of space flight.

Fast, T.; Grindeland, R.; Kraft, L.; Ruder, M.; Vasques, M.

1985-01-01

173

Technological Innovation and Problem-Solving in Local Government: An Assessment of Current Research Methods.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results of a study of local government technological innovation are presented. Several potential external and internal determinants of innovation are presented. The report includes (1) a review of recent studies of local government innovation with con...

L. A. Rowe W. B. Boise

1981-01-01

174

The Design and Research of Basic Information Platform about the Electronic Government in Guangzhou  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guangzhou implemented e-government project which provided good opportunity to achieve the Government's reform of the management functions. The basic information platform mainly included basic database system, meta-data management system, data applications and services system, directory services system and government system based on directory service. It was the general framework and the basis of e-government which played a central role in

Fang Yuan; Chen Li-yan

2008-01-01

175

Research on e-Government evaluation model based on the principal component analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, the area of electronic government (e-Government) has received increasing prominence and attention;\\u000a people are interacting with e-Government systems to an ever greater extent. It is therefore important to measure the development\\u000a of e-Government. Adopting principal component analysis (PCA), this study presents, validates and updates an evaluation model\\u000a with 5 dimensions based on Socio-Technical model and

Siqing ShanLi; Li Wang; Jing Wang; Yi Hao; Fan Hua

2011-01-01

176

Computer Lab  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS geologists Peter Triezenberg and William Danforth sit with WHOI/LDEO Computer Technician Tom Bolmer in the Healy computer lab. This was during a scientific expedition to map the Arctic seafloor....

2009-01-28

177

The importance of ‘process’ in Rethinking Project Management: The story of a UK Government-funded research network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tells the story of a UK Government-funded research network called Rethinking Project Management, funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council between 2004 and 2006. The story is significant because of the considerable attention given to the process of the Network, both the inquiry process of ‘rethinking’ project management, and the broader social process in which the

Mark Winter; Charles Smith; Terry Cooke-Davies; Svetlana Cicmil

2006-01-01

178

The Balance between Teaching and Research in Dutch and English Universities in the Context of University Governance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency, effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we…

Leisyte, Liudvika; Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry

2009-01-01

179

The State of the Tobacco Settlement: Are Settlement Funds Being Used to Finance State Government Budget Deficits? A Research Note  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Master Settlement Agreement, the major U.S. tobacco companies agreed to pay approximately $229 billion between 1999 and 2025 to 46 states, the District ofColumbia, and five U.S. territories. The windfall raises important spending andfinancing decisions for state governments. This research note analyzes how governments are spending their settlement proceeds, especially whether states are using funds to finance current

Craig L. Johnson

2004-01-01

180

Poverty Action Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many laboratories focus their attention on topics like Alzheimer's research, but this laboratory at MIT focuses on poverty. The objective of their work at the Poverty Action Lab is "to improve the effectiveness of poverty programs by providing policy makers with clear scientific results that help shape successful polices to combat poverty." The Lab was started in June 2003 by a group of professors at MIT and their collaborators. Visitors to the site will note that the materials here are divided into sections that include "Research", "People", "News", and "Courses". The "Research" section is a great place to start as policy makers and others can look over their completed projects (such as "Discrimination in the Job Market") and their publications. Moving on, visitors can click on the "People" section to learn more about their staff and directors. Finally, those who are curious about the reach of the Poverty Lab's work will want to look at their media features in the "News" section.

181

The Challenge of Integrating Climate Research in Government-funded Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate and global change research in the US has moved from a decade in which the goal was improvement of our understanding of the complex climate and global change system to one in which we envision the production of products to support decisions in policy circles, economic entities and communities. The scientific community has made clear through scientific planning documents and science reviews, as well as through the international global change organizations, that providing science-based policy advice to government requires research that focuses on a broad suite of global changes and their interactions with regional/local conditions as well as on the policy issue of the moment. For example, water cycle research is critical to improving projections of changes in the intensity, timing and location of precipitation. Thus management agencies as well as traditional science agencies have an important role to play. The breadth of agency expertise required to address such problems means that integration of climate and global change research planning and execution across agencies will be a key challenge for our federal investment and will be critical to our success. Even focused climate priorities are so broad that they require research that is housed in many different agencies. While this makes coordination difficult, it has the advantage of bringing the full spectrum of research capability of the country to bear on climate priorities. Our experience has been that informal coordination mechanisms are adequate when the scope of a research problem is of limited extent--either limited in disciplinary scope or of limited duration. Campaigns to make progress on complex multidisciplinary problems requiring multiyear commitments require more than coordination. They require a formal integration mechanism to take advantage of leverage as well as use the resources of the agencies. Such a mechanism must be responsible for leading an interagency process to develop implementation plans that allow agencies to develop budget profiles and timelines. Our experience has also been that the integration mechanism must also be seen as agency-neutral in order to ensure willing participation and to have credibility in influencing budgets.

Leinen, M.

2002-05-01

182

Decommissioning of German Nuclear Research Facilities under the Governance of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research  

SciTech Connect

Since the announcement of the first nuclear program in 1956, nuclear R and D in Germany has been supported by the Federal Government under four nuclear programs and later on under more general energy R and D programs. The original goal was to help German industry to achieve safe, low-cost generation of energy and self-sufficiency in the various branches of nuclear technology, including the fast breeder reactor and the fuel cycle. Several national research centers were established to host or operate experimental and demonstration plants. These are mainly located at the sites of the national research centers at Juelich and Karlsruhe. In the meantime, all these facilities were shut down and most of them are now in a state of decommissioning and dismantling (D and D). Meanwhile, Germany is one of the leading countries in the world in the field of D and D. Two big demonstration plants, the Niederaichbach Nuclear Power Plant (KKN) a heavy-water cooled pressure tube reactor with carbon-dioxide cooling and the Karlstein Superheated Steam Reactor (HDR) a boiling light water reactor with a thermal power of 100 MW, are totally dismantled and 'green field' is reached. For two other projects the return to 'green field' sites will be reached by the end of this decade. These are the dismantling of the Multi-Purpose Research Reactor (MZFR) and the Compact Sodium Cooled Reactor (KNK) both located at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. Within these projects a lot of new solutions und innovative techniques were tested, which were developed at German universities and in small and medium sized companies mostly funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). For example, high performance underwater cutting technologies like plasma arc cutting and contact arc metal cutting. (authors)

Weigl, M. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, Projekttragerforschungszentrum Karlsruhe (PTKA-WTE), Karlsruhe (Germany)

2008-07-01

183

Employing Earned Value Management in Government Research and Design - Lessons Learned from the Trenches  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To effectively manage a project, the project manager must have a plan, understand the current conditions, and be able to take action to correct the course when challenges arise. Research and design projects face technical, schedule, and budget challenges that make it difficult to utilize project management tools developed for projects based on previously demonstrated technologies. Projects developing new technologies by their inherent nature are trying something new and thus have little to no data to support estimates for schedule and cost, let alone the technical outcome. Projects with a vision for the outcome but little confidence in the exact tasks to accomplish in order to achieve the vision incur cost and schedule penalties when conceptual solutions require unexpected iterations or even a reinvention of the plan. This presentation will share the project management methodology and tools developed through trial and error for a NASA research and design project combining industry, academia, and NASA inhouse work in which Earned Value Management principles were employed but adapted for the reality of the government financial system and the reality of challenging technology development. The priorities of the presented methodology are flexibility, accountability, and simplicity to give the manager tools to help deliver to the customer while not using up valuable time and resources on extensive planning and analysis. This presentation will share the methodology, tools, and work through failed and successful examples from the three years of process evolution.

Simon, Tom

2009-01-01

184

UC Berkeley Lab Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California at Berkeley College of Engineering publishes Lab Notes, a newsletter from the Public Affairs Office. The mission is "to illuminate groundbreaking research underway today at the College of Engineering that will dramatically change our lives tomorrow." Lab Notes is available online free of charge. Articles in the November 2004 issue highlight robot technology, satellite communications, and a radio observatory project. Each short article includes images or videos and links to related articles and researchers' websites. Previous issues are saved in an online archive.

185

Analysis and Report on SD2000: A Workshop to Determine Structural Dynamics Research for the Millenium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This ONR grant was to facilitate the meeting of an international group of researchers to examine the future of structural dynamics. A group of about 40 researchers (see Appendix 1) was brought together from industry, universities and government labs, inco...

D. J. Inman

2000-01-01

186

Research and Teaching: Traditional and Constructivist Teaching Techniques--Comparing Two Groups of Undergraduate Nonscience Majors in a Biology Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Constructivist teaching techniques work well in various instructional settings, but many teachers remain skeptical because there is a lack of quantitative data supporting this model. This study compared an undergraduate nonmajors biology lab section taught in a traditional teacher-centered style to a similar section taught as a constructivist class. Weekly lab quiz scores, attendance, a science attitude inventory, and an analysis of videotapes were used to determine whether student interest and performance were affected by the teaching style used. Evaluative tests showed many significant differences between the groups and demonstrated that the constructivist class had higher quiz scores, more appreciation of science, better attendance, and increased participation in the lab activities than the traditional group.

Travis, Holly; Lord, Thomas

2004-11-01

187

USC: The Interaction Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Interaction Lab at the University of Southern California is part of the Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems (CRES) and the USC Robotics Labs. Its work involves "using a behavior-based approach to control, favoring solutions that are distributed, scalable, and robust" and when possible, validating algorithms in embodied domains. Areas of study include: Multi-Robot Coordination and Learning, Humanoid Robot Control and Learning, Learning by Imitation, Assistive Human-Robot Interaction, and Activity Modeling. The website provides short descriptions and research goals for each of these areas and related projects. Several publications and videos resulting from these projects are also posted online. The "fun" section offers a glimpse of the good times shared by the lab researchers.

188

Virtual Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These virtual labs from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute allow students to experience laboratory procedures as if they were a professional scientist. Students can isolate and analyze bacterial DNA sequences, examine cardiac patients, dissect a leech, or diagnose diseases by detecting the presence of antibodies. These virtual labs include animated steps that must be performed, along with textual instructions and explanations so that students understand not only what they are doing, but also why they are doing it. This is an extensive Web site that offers a lot to learn, and a chance to have fun in the process.

1969-12-31

189

Mining industry and US government cooperative research: Lessons learned and benefits to mining industry  

SciTech Connect

Since 1994, various mines in the US have cooperated with research scientists at the Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories to address issues related to verification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The CTBT requires that no country may conduct any nuclear explosion in the future. While the CTBT is a significant step toward reducing the global nuclear danger, verifying compliance with the treat requires that the monitoring system be able to detect, locate and identify much larger numbers of smaller amplitude seismic events than had been required previously. Large mining blasts conducted world-wide will be of sufficient amplitude to trigger the monitoring system at the lower threshold. It is therefore imperative that research into the range various blasting practices employed, the relationship of yield to seismic magnitude, and identification of anomalous blasting results be performed. This paper will describe a suite of experiments funded by the Department of Energy and conducted by the Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories in cooperation with the US mining industry. Observations of cast blasting, underground long wall generated coal bumps, stoping, and explosively induced collapse of room and pillar panels will be presented. Results of these dual use experiments which are of interest to the mining community will be discussed. These include (1) variation of amplitude of seismic energy at various azimuths from cast blasts, (2) identification of the extent of back failure following explosive removal of pillars, and (3) the use of single fired shots for calibration of the monitoring system. The wealth of information and discovery described in this paper is a direct result of mutual cooperation between the US Government and the US Mining Industry.

Pearson, D.C.; Stump, B.W.; Phillips, W.S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Earth and Environmental Sciences Div.; Martin, R. [Thunder Basin Coal Co. (United States); Anderson, D.P. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences

1997-09-01

190

The Impact of State Governance Structures on Higher Education Resources and Research Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universities in the United States reside in regions that have different political cultures and economic conditions. While these facts and the reputation of the university play an important role in determining the features of university performance, the role of state governance of public universities also is an important factor. Over the past two decades state governments have given considerable attention

Jack H. Knott; A. Abigail Payne

2001-01-01

191

Application and research on ontology in e-Government workflow model  

Microsoft Academic Search

e-Government, in which the workflow technology occupies the essential position, plays a leading role in the information construction of Chinese governmental affairs. However, the workflow system which is widely used currently mainly relies on workflow parameters and the process of how the workflow can be practiced. The paper puts forward and constructs an e-Government model on the basis of ontology,

Liquan Han; Ming Li

2010-01-01

192

Hierarchical empowerment model research of the complex government affair information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under electronic government affair circumstance, task is always executed by users, posts or roles. And in the complex government affair information system, users and posts face more than one management information system, and there are different demand and execution for each subsystem. So, it may result in a redundant or repetitive resource assignment and a heavy work load if assignments

Li Huai-ming; Jin Zhen-jia; Ye Xin

2008-01-01

193

Meeting in San Francisco: Integrated Disinfection By-Products Mixtures Research: Results from the Four Lab Study  

EPA Science Inventory

This study involves the collaboration of the four national laboratories of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as well as other scientists from universities and water utilities, and is termed the ?Four Lab Study?. The purpose of this study is to address concerns rela...

194

Echolocation Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lab students experience how dolphins and other echolocating animals use their senses to locate and identify objects with out using their sense of sight. A blindfold removes students sight and a stream of water replaces the sound waves. Students observe the effect of changing distance on echolocation.

BEGIN:VCARD VERSION:2.1 FN:Donald Mills N:Mills;Donald ORG:Cumberland Regional High School REV:2005-04-09 END:VCARD

1995-06-30

195

Labs: 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a variety of topics discussed in this column and at a biology teachers' workshop concerning the quality and value of lab techniques used for teaching high school biology. Topics included are Drosophila salivary glands, sea urchins, innovations, dyes and networking. (CW)

Igelsrud, Don, Ed.

1988-01-01

196

RiskLab Toronto  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of an international network of math laboratories in the field of risk modelling. Originally intended to model financial risk, the field has grown to encompass a number of other areas. Site provides summaries of the lab's research (including some downloadable papers), news items, contact information, and links.

2007-02-22

197

Modernising attitudes to age?: Using action research to explore the role of the Government in tackling ageism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Older people feel that ageism underlies many of their more specific concerns. A number of pieces of research carried out on behalf of the Inter-Ministerial Group on Older People also reveal the importance of the Government addressing the ageist attitudes to older people that affect their ability to participate in society.

Annette Boaz; Carol Hayden

2000-01-01

198

Duke University: The Clark Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at Duke University, the Clark Lab "conducts research in plant community ecology, paleoclimate and fire ecology." The lab website contains brief descriptions of various research projects on Forest Dynamics and Environmental Change, Dispersal and Tree Population Migration, Molecular Biogeography, and New Computational Approaches for Forest Dynamics, to name a few. Notably, the site contains a nice selection of downloadable articles that have appeared in such publications as _Ecology_, _Forest Ecology and Management_, _Ecological Monographs_, _Nature_, and _Canadian Journal of Forest Research_. The site also offers brief information about several lab members including email addresses.

199

The balance between teaching and research in Dutch and English universities in the context of university governance reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their\\u000a institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency,\\u000a effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we ask the question of what\\u000a the consequences of these changing institutional environments are for

Liudvika Leisyte; Jürgen Enders; Harry de Boer

2009-01-01

200

Sector differences in the role of institutional research in informing decision making and governance in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intent of the authors in preparing this paper is to compare and contrast the roles of Institutional Research in informing\\u000a decision making and governance in higher education. Using a case study format the authors will provide an example of a research\\u000a project conducted within each of the following sectors of United States higher education system: private 4-year not for

Mary Ann Coughlin; Joseph Hoey; Marsha Hirano-Nakanishi

2009-01-01

201

Biology: Online Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Like many other academic publishers, McGraw Hill often creates supplementary online materials to be used in conjunction with their various publications. This particular collection of online materials is meant to be used with one of their recent biology textbooks, but they can certainly be used as stand-alone educational resources for persons interested in the biological sciences. This particular site contains 31 virtual labs that cover topics like evolution, regulatory genes, iron stress in diatoms, and gene technology. These labs are recreations of actual scientific experiments, and visitors are given background information on a topic, an explanation of the researcher's observation, and an overview of how they set up their experiment. The goal of these labs is to help make students and others more comfortable working with primary sources. Finally, the site also includes interviews with principal investigators from the University of Michigan, the University of Albert, and Auburn University.

2009-10-26

202

NASA/DoD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 29: The US government technical report and the transfer of federally funded aerospace R and D  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This article discusses the U.S. government technical report and the transfer of federally funded aerospace research and development in a conceptual framework of the federal government as a producer of scientific and technical information. The article summarizes current literature and research and discusses U.S. government technical report use and the importance of using data obtained from the NASA/DoD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. The authors make a case for changing existing U.S. technology policy and present a research agenda for the U.S. government technical report.

Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Kennedy, John M.

1993-01-01

203

Investigating User Typologies and Their Relevance within a Living Lab-Research Approach for ICT-Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our contemporary ICT-environment is characterized by an innovation spiral, resulting in a lot of innovations as well as failures. Attempts to cope with the inherent uncertainty and increasing complexity in the field of ICT-innovation have influenced the rise of new, user-driven and open innovation-approaches. We contend that the Living Lab-approach can be seen as a systemic, methodological instrument incorporating a

Dimitri Schuurman; Katrien De Moor; Lieven De Marez; Tom Evens

2010-01-01

204

Biodiesel Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this biodiesel production lab overview. The materials include a general introduction to biodiesel fuels, as well as explanations of free fatty acid & acid value titration, "homebrew" oil titration and residual catalyst & soap titration.Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

Mcmahan, Andrew

2011-05-10

205

Improving the Quality of Lab Reports by Using Them as Lab Instructions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lab exercises are quite popular in teaching science. Teachers have numerous goals in mind when teaching science laboratories. Nevertheless, empirical research draws a heterogeneous picture of the benefits of lab work. Research has shown that it does not necessarily contribute to the enhancement of practical abilities or content knowledge. Lab

Haagen-Schuetzenhoefer, Claudia

2012-01-01

206

New Research on the Relationships between Philadelphians' Educational Attainment and Their Employment, Earnings and Contributions to Government and Society. Research Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three recently-released research reports commissioned through Project U-Turn and funded by the William Penn Foundation and the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry offer analyses that shed new light on the relationships between Philadelphians' educational attainment and their earnings, employment and contributions to government and…

Philadelphia Youth Network, 2009

2009-01-01

207

Geodetic positioning of the Aerospace Electronics Research Lab (ERL) Osborne Time Transfer Receiver (TTR) using the GPS NAVSTAR Block I satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aerospace has routinely processed the Osborne Time Transfer Receiver (TTR) data for the purpose of monitoring the performance of ground and GPS atomic clocks in near real-time with on-line residual displays and characterizing clock stability with Allan Variance calculations. Recently, Aerospace added the ability to estimate the TTR's location by differentially correcting the TTR's location in the WGS84 reference system. This new feature is exercised on a set of TTR clock phase data and Sub-meter accurate station location estimates of the TTR at the Aerospace Electronic Research Lab (ERL) are obtained.

Liu, Anthony S.

1990-01-01

208

Geodetic positioning of the Aerospace Electronics Research Lab (ERL) Osborne Time Transfer Receiver (TTR) using the GPS NAVSTAR Block I satellites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aerospace has routinely processed the Osborne Time Transfer Receiver (TTR) data for the purpose of monitoring the performance of ground and GPS atomic clocks in near real-time with on-line residual displays and characterizing clock stability with Allan Variance calculations. Recently, Aerospace added the ability to estimate the TTR's location by differentially correcting the TTR's location in the WGS84 reference system. This new feature is exercised on a set of TTR clock phase data and Sub-meter accurate station location estimates of the TTR at the Aerospace Electronic Research Lab (ERL) are obtained.

Liu, Anthony S.

1990-05-01

209

RiskLab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1994, RiskLab is a Swedish "inter-university research institute, concentrating on precompetitive, applied research in the general area of (integrated) risk management for finance and insurance." Featured on the site is RiskLab's tremendous body of research and writing. From clearly-marked links, users have access to working papers, speech presentations, and projects. Papers are fully cataloged and available in a variety of formats including in full text in PostScript, compressed PostScript, and .pdf, and many of the papers are accompanied by online slide presentations of the work. This site will be valuable to anyone interested in risk management as it pertains to finance and insurance.

210

Why national labs?  

SciTech Connect

Biologists are defined by both their field of investigation and where they work. When I was a tenured university professor in the pathology department of a medical school, my colleagues scientists seemed to understand what I did for a living. Now that I work at a national laboratory, I am more likely to be greeted with blank stares. The questions that I do get, such as whether I need to write research grants (I do) or whether I work on the energy problem (I don’t), indicates a pervasive lack of understanding of the nature of national labs and their important roles in biological research. The national labs were largely responsible for a new phase of biology. DOE started the Human Genome Project to understand the molecular basis of radiation damage. GenBank began at Los Alamos National Laboratory in the early 1980s to manage the increasing amounts of DNA sequence data. The high-intensity x-ray sources found at national labs began being used to rapidly solve protein structures. These projects required a level of technical sophistication and scale that were well beyond most universities. This, together with a lack of departmental boundaries and a tradition of multidisciplinary teamwork, made national labs an excellent environment for tackling challenging problems in biology. I believe that most academic scientists are unaware of the research that goes on at national labs, mostly due to our small size and general focus on advanced technology. Biology has traditionally been more labor intensive than technology dependent, which plays to the natural strengths of universities. However, this is likely to change in the next several years.

Wiley, H. S.

2008-06-01

211

Information on Child Abuse: A Selected Bibliography of Federal Government Publications. Research Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overall topic of this annotated bibliography, directed to users of the Auburn University libraries, is child abuse. It contains 63 federal government publications in 4 major areas: (1) definitions and prevalence of child abuse, including child pornography and pedophilia, family violence, abductions, and emotional abuse; (2) recent legislation,…

Dodge, Timothy

212

The Financial Aid Partnership: Strengthening the Federal Government's Leadership Role. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper makes the case that it is time for a renewal of the federal commitment to educational access. While the federal government is only one of several critical partners in the higher education finance system in the United States, it is the only entity with either the mission or the capacity to take responsibility for the national agenda of…

Baum, Sandy

213

In the National Interest The Federal Government and Research-Intensive Universities  

NSF Publications Database

Since World War II, Federal agencies have provided the research-intensive universities with a major portion of their research funding. Though most Federal support of RIUs goes for research, that support also contributes to education through direct involvement of students in research, and by helping to maintain high quality research capabilities of the faculty and institution. There is a shared Federal and university interest in maintaining capability for frontier research at universities.

214

Master Government List of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers Fiscal Year 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... of Science Resources Studies, Research and Development Statistics Program, National Science ... available. Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 1998, 1999 and 2000 contains ...

215

Master Government List of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers Fiscal Year 2000  

NSF Publications Database

... Resources Studies Division, Research & Development Statistics Program, National Science Foundation ... on-line. Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 1997, 1998 and 1999 contains ...

216

Master Government List of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers Fiscal Year 1999  

NSF Publications Database

... of Science Resources Studies, Research & Development Statistics Program, National Science Foundation ... on-line. Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 1997, 1998 and 1999 contains ...

217

The Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Lab is the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's online gateway to science information. Visitors will find a daily science news service (with articles from Australia and around the world), special learning features such as the interesting exploring dinosaurs and fossils link, Karl's great moments in science section, various science games for kids of all ages, and more. As a layperson-friendly informational resource on science, this site is a great place to visit time to time to get up to date science news and information presented in a fun and non-technical format.

2003-01-01

218

Hands-On Labs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter includes eight labs using the Silicon Labs Microcontroller Development Kit (C8051F005): Lab 1: Getting Started\\u000a with the 8051 (reading and writing ports). Lab 2: Intro to the 7-segment LED (direct driven and decoded). Lab 3: Intro to\\u000a A\\/D conversion using a light sensor (start using ISRs). Lab 4: Intro to the keypad. Lab 5: Intro to D\\/A conversion

Kai Qian; David Haring; Li Cao

219

Intellectual Capital Report as an Assessment Instrument for Strategic Governance of Research and Technology Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study describes the combination of the Intellectual Capital framework and the System Theory framework to define a new steering instrument for the allocation of public research funds. The article builds on cases from research organizations as well as industry and extends these experiences to research networks. Using the case of NANONET Styria, a network of five integrated research

Manfred Bornemanna; Martin Sammer

220

Adaptive water governance: Assessing the institutional prescriptions of adaptive (co-)management from a governance perspective and defining a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article assesses the institutional prescriptions of adaptive (co-)management based on a literature review of the (water) governance literature. The adaptive (co-)management literature contains four institutional prescriptions: collaboration in a polycentric governance system, public participation, an experimental approach to resource management, and management at the bioregional scale. These prescriptions largely resonate with the theoretical and empirical insights embedded in the

Dave Huitema; Erik Mostert; Wouter Egas; Sabine Moellenkamp; Claudia Pahl-wostl; Resul Yalcin

2009-01-01

221

Directions for future research in project management: The main findings of a UK government-funded research network  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2003 the UK’s Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) agreed to fund a research network –Rethinking Project Management – to define a research agenda aimed at enriching and extending the subject of project management beyond its current conceptual foundations. The main argument for the proposed Network highlighted the growing critiques of project management theory and the need for

Mark Winter; Charles Smith; Peter Morris; Svetlana Cicmil

2006-01-01

222

Putting teachers-to-be in the field and the lab: Hands-on research at the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) is halfway through a pilot program designed to prepare Earth Science teachers for grades 7-12 in high-needs schools in New York. The program was implemented to address a critical shortage of qualified Earth Science teachers throughout the state as well as to reach student populations that traditionally have limited science exposure and hands-on learning opportunities. This Master of Arts in Teaching is unique amongst teacher preparation programs, not only in that it is housed at a world-class research museum and places the teacher candidates in a year-long teaching residency, but also in that it accepts only students with a strong background in Earth Science via a degree in geology, meteorology, oceanography, astronomy, or a related discipline. Following a year of graduate courses in science and pedagogy, as well as teaching residencies, and only months before embarking on teaching career, candidates begin a seven-week science practicum. This exercise combines field and lab work under the tutelage of AMNH science curators and postdoctoral research fellows to provide experience with the scientific process, from field work and data collection to interpretation and public presentation of results. In the science practicum, teaching candidates begin by selecting one of four topics on which to focus their research: astrophysics, experimental petrology, mineralogy, or paleontology. An introduction to lab materials, techniques, and instrumentation is followed by two weeks in the field, both upstate and in New York City, where rocks of all types are encountered and discussed. Nights are devoted to astronomical observing and data collection to supplement the geology-oriented daytime sessions. Following the trips, candidates are back at AMNH analyzing data and samples in preparation for a short, scientific-style manuscript and presentation of results in an AGU-style talk. Three research groups have already discovered potentially publishable results from candidate-oriented lab work. Here we report on the practicum experiences of the first cohort of teacher candidates. Teacher preparation programs such as this will be increasingly valuable in coming years as a result of the recently released national Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). These new standards shift emphasis from students memorizing scientific content to understanding the practice of science. While NGSS have not yet been adopted in New York State, they likely will be in the near future, making this program at AMNH highly relevant to the current state of science education in the United States.

Nadeau, P. A.; Ebel, D. S.; Harlow, G. E.; Landman, N. H.; Pagnotta, A.; Sessa, J.; Shara, M.; Ustunisik, G. K.; Webster, J. D.; Blair, D.; Shumer, M.

2013-12-01

223

Decisions Shape a Lab (Lab Notes).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers questions to guide both initial and ongoing development of a computer writing lab. Discusses ways mobile workstations (consisting of a computer, printer, overhead, and a LCD projection unit) will extend the writing lab. (SR)

Porter, Bernajean

1992-01-01

224

Governing biological material at the intersection of care and research: the use of dried blood spots for biobanking.  

PubMed

A series of governance issues currently surrounds the multiple uses and multiple users of dried blood spots (DBS) for research purposes. Internationally there is a discussion on storing DBS resulting from newborn screening for public health and using them as the basis for large biobank-like collections to facilitate biomedical research. If such a transformation were to be formalized, then DBS would sit at the intersection of care (ie, public health) and research, with the mechanisms through which such a collection could be managed not totally self-evident. What is more, a DBS collection raises questions about the fuzzy boundaries between privacy and anonymity; how to control or define quality control uses of DBS; medical vs nonmedical uses; as well as benefit sharing and stakeholder involvement. Our goal here is to explore some of the key questions relating to DBS governance by way of the bio-objects and bio-objectification concepts. By embracing - rather than resisting to - the blurring of boundaries and problems in categorization that have come to characterize bio-objects and bio-objectification processes recently described in this journal, we attempt to highlight some issues that might not be currently considered, and to point to some possible directions to go (or avoid). Building from our knowledge of the current DBS situation in the Netherlands, we outline questions concerning the uses, management, collection, and storage of DBS. PMID:22911534

Douglas, Conor M W; van El, Carla G; Faulkner, Alex; Cornel, Martina C

2012-08-01

225

Research Policy and Governance in the United Kingdom--Critical Perspective and Implications for South African Higher Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article begins with a critical consideration of five trends in social and educational research policy and environment in the UK and internationally: (1) the intensification of public criticisms of education research since the mid- and late-1990s; (2) the increasing emphasis on user involvement and focus on use; (3) the ever tighter…

Oancea, A.; Engelbrecht, P.; Hoffman, J.

2009-01-01

226

Highlights of Reading Research in the Labs and Centers of the U.S. Department of Education. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Department of Education's Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI) promotes excellence and equity in education by conducting research and demonstration projects, collecting statistics, disseminating information, and providing technical assistance to those working to improve education. OERI supports two major research and…

Brynildssen, Shawna

227

From One Bioscientist to Another: Guidelines for Researching and Writing About Bisexuality for the Lab and Biosciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bisexuality is studied within the biological sciences, in fields like neuroscience, biopsychology, evolution and biomedicine, yet these fields typically do not train researchers to consider the social locations of their participants. However, bisexuality is a marginalized sexuality, and minorities and researchers have increasingly called for scientific research to attend to issues around power and social identity. This article provides a

Sari van Anders

2012-01-01

228

Government financial support for civil aircraft research, technology and development in four European countries and the United States  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data on the levels of government financial support for civil aircraft airframe and engine (CAAE) research and technology (R&T) in the United States and Europe (United Kingdom, West Germany, France and The Netherlands) and means of comparing these levels are provided. Data are presented for the years 1974-1977. European R&T expenditure data were obtained through visits to each of the four European countries, to the Washington office of the European Communities, and by a search of applicable literature. CAAE R&T expenditure data for the United States were obtained from NASA and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

Chandler, B.; Golaszewski, R.; Patten, C.; Rudman, B.; Scott, R.

1980-01-01

229

Governing’ nanotechnology without government?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing commercialisation of products containing nanomaterials has been accompanied by growing societal concerns. These concerns have underpinned a debate over the degree to which governments should specifically ‘govern’ or regulate nanotechnology. This paper examines the way in which the private sector is developing innovative regulatory arrangements for nanotechnology. It commences with a theoretical review of potential regulatory tools, and

Diana M Bowman; Graeme A Hodge

2008-01-01

230

Does government regulation inhibit embryonic stem cell research and can it be effective?  

PubMed

The UK was one of the first countries to introduce legislation regulating embryo research, and the British Parliament has taken a liberal view of the field. However, even in the UK, regulation of human embryonic stem cell (ESC) research has had drawbacks, and the regulatory framework is somewhat inconsistent and imposes considerable bureaucracy. There are around 33 countries that have broadly liberal legislation; each has a different view of what is permissible. Only about eight of these countries have contributed significantly to published research in the field. Paradoxically, in spite of tight federal restrictions, the USA remains the most productive country in terms of the number and quality of peer review research publications. But even in our increasingly global society, complex regulation will become progressively irrelevant and impossible to impose effectively because attitudes will continue to vary widely in different countries and because of international travel and trade. Consequently, there is a universal need for scientists to demonstrate their recognition of the ethical and commercial conflicts that may arise in their research and engage in public debate and dialogue to ensure responsible activity that benefits their research and reflects the values of society. PMID:18371331

Winston, R M L

2007-06-01

231

Converting Your Lab from Verification to Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This chapter offers insight into how to create laboratories that provide students with research experiences within the constraints of time, resources, and course formats that most faculty face. It provides a research-based rationale for investigative or inquiry-based labs; an example of their implementation in a large-enrollment, introductory course for mixed majors; and recommendations for converting labs.

Russell, Connie P.; French, Donald P.

2006-01-01

232

Inventory of Government-Supported Research Projects on Foreign Affairs. Volume I. American Republics, Projects Completed and in Progress in FY-1975.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The volume contains summaries of unclassified government-supported research on the American Republics which was initiated, in progress, or completed in Fiscal Year 1975. This as well as all four other volumes are organized by geographic region and country...

1975-01-01

233

USC Institute for Creative Technologies: Graphics Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Graphics Lab is part of the University of Southern California's Institute for Creative Technologies. The lab performs research on computer graphics and modeling techniques such as image-based lighting, range scanning, and animation. This is all made possible by a U.S. Army contract "to advance the state of immersive training simulation." The Lab's homepage offers many details on the various projects within each research area; there are several publications that can be downloaded to complement this background material. Some software, such as HDRShop (used for High-Dynamic Range Image Editing), and data are also available on the Lab's Web site.

2002-01-01

234

Moving at the Speed of Government: VIVO Implementation at EPA's Office of Research and Development  

EPA Science Inventory

VIVO is a research and expertise discovery tool that supports collaboration across disciplines, geographic locations and organizational structures. This poster reviews the steps taken to set up an EPA/ORD VIVO instance including customization of the theme, data ingest and develop...

235

The Missing Link in Vision and Governance: Foreign Language Acquisition Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foreign language acquisition research (concerned with the theoretical and practical issues related to socialization into and literacy in another language and culture) can help integrate language, literature, and culture in foreign language departments because it draws on insights gained from such diverse fields as anthropology, sociology,…

Kramsch, Claire J.

1987-01-01

236

Sport physiology research and governing gender in sport—a power–knowledge relation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article sets out to show how physiological knowledge about sex\\/gender relates to power issues within sport. The sport physiology research at the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (Swedish acronym: GIH) during the twentieth century is analysed in relation to the political rationality concerning gender at GIH and within the Swedish Sports Confederation during the same period. The

Håkan Larsson

2011-01-01

237

Educating the Educator: U.S. Government Statistical Sources for Geographic Research and Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Appropriate for college geography students and researchers, this paper briefly introduces basic federal statistical publications and corresponding finding aids. General references include "Statistical Abstract of the United States," and three complementary publications: "County and City Data Book,""State and Metropolitan Area Data Book," and…

Fryman, James F.; Wilkinson, Patrick J.

238

European football and the European union: Governance, participation and social cohesion — towards a policy research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the changing relationship of European football to the European Union (EU). Given technological, commercial, financial and organizational changes in the political economy of elite European football, and given the application of European law to sports bodies epitomised by the Bosman ruling, this article begins to outline a policy research agenda. Debates within the European Commission have centred

Adam Brown

2000-01-01

239

Sport Physiology Research and Governing Gender in Sport--A Power-Knowledge Relation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article sets out to show how physiological knowledge about sex/gender relates to power issues within sport. The sport physiology research at the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (Swedish acronym: GIH) during the twentieth century is analysed in relation to the political rationality concerning gender at GIH and within the Swedish…

Larsson, Hakan

2013-01-01

240

Giving Raw Data a Chance to Talk: A Demonstration of Exploratory Visual Analytics with a Pediatric Research Database Using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot to Promote Cohort Discovery, Research, and Quality Assessment  

PubMed Central

Secondary use of large and open data sets provides researchers with an opportunity to address high-impact questions that would otherwise be prohibitively expensive and time consuming to study. Despite the availability of data, generating hypotheses from huge data sets is often challenging, and the lack of complex analysis of data might lead to weak hypotheses. To overcome these issues and to assist researchers in building hypotheses from raw data, we are working on a visual and analytical platform called PRD Pivot. PRD Pivot is a de-identified pediatric research database designed to make secondary use of rich data sources, such as the electronic health record (EHR). The development of visual analytics using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot makes the process of data elaboration, information gathering, knowledge generation, and complex information exploration transparent to tool users and provides researchers with the ability to sort and filter by various criteria, which can lead to strong, novel hypotheses.

Viangteeravat, Teeradache; Nagisetty, Naga Satya V. Rao

2014-01-01

241

Giving raw data a chance to talk: a demonstration of exploratory visual analytics with a pediatric research database using microsoft live labs pivot to promote cohort discovery, research, and quality assessment.  

PubMed

Secondary use of large and open data sets provides researchers with an opportunity to address high-impact questions that would otherwise be prohibitively expensive and time consuming to study. Despite the availability of data, generating hypotheses from huge data sets is often challenging, and the lack of complex analysis of data might lead to weak hypotheses. To overcome these issues and to assist researchers in building hypotheses from raw data, we are working on a visual and analytical platform called PRD Pivot. PRD Pivot is a de-identified pediatric research database designed to make secondary use of rich data sources, such as the electronic health record (EHR). The development of visual analytics using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot makes the process of data elaboration, information gathering, knowledge generation, and complex information exploration transparent to tool users and provides researchers with the ability to sort and filter by various criteria, which can lead to strong, novel hypotheses. PMID:24808811

Viangteeravat, Teeradache; Nagisetty, Naga Satya V Rao

2014-01-01

242

Characterization of IR cameras in student labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The content of a student lab course is described which deals with characterization of the most important parameters governing the performance of infrared cameras. In detail, the parameters describing the temperature resolution, spatial resolution and time resolution of commercial IR cameras are analysed using simple lab experiments. Understanding the respective performance of the system is the prerequisite for applying infrared thermal imaging to quantitative measurements in physics and technology.

Vollmer, M.; Möllmann, K.-P.

2013-11-01

243

Changing Framework of Local Governance and Community Participation in Elementary Education in India. Research Monograph No. 35  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, strengthening and better functioning of local governance have become prime concerns of educational reform agenda. Establishment of effective local governance has been part of overall changes in educational governance for several years in many countries including India. It is now widely recognized that effective local governance

Govinda, R; Bandyopadhyay, Madhumita

2010-01-01

244

Privatization and Public Employees: The Impact of City and County Contracting Out on Government Workers. Research Report 88-07.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the issue of contracting out traditional government services and its effect on government employees. It found that local governments contract out for two principal reasons: to cut the cost of providing services and to employ specialized skills and resources unavailable within the government. Findings from a review of the…

Dudek & Company.

245

Quality control of human tissues-experience from the Indiana University Cancer Center-Lilly Research Labs human tissue bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of molecular research and its applications in both the clinical and basic research arenas is strongly dependent\\u000a on the collection, handling, storage, and quality control of fresh human tissue samples. This tissue bank was set up to bank\\u000a fresh surgically obtained human tissue using a Clinical Annotated Tissue Database (CATD) in order to capture the associated\\u000a patient clinical

George E. Sandusky; Katie Heinz Teheny; Mike Esterman; Jeff Hanson; Stephen D. Williams

2007-01-01

246

Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City  

ScienceCinema

Urban Electric Power, a startup formed by researchers from the City University of New York (CUNY) Energy Institute, is taking breakthroughs in battery technology from the lab to the market. With industry and government funding, including a grant from the Energy Department, Urban Electric Power developed a zinc-nickel oxide battery electrolyte that circulates constantly, eliminating dendrite formation and preventing battery shortages. Their new challenge is to take this technology to the market, where they can scale up the batteries for reducing peak energy demand in urban areas and storing variable renewable electricity.

Banerjee, Sanjoy; Shmukler, Michael; Martin, Cheryl

2014-01-10

247

Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City  

SciTech Connect

Urban Electric Power, a startup formed by researchers from the City University of New York (CUNY) Energy Institute, is taking breakthroughs in battery technology from the lab to the market. With industry and government funding, including a grant from the Energy Department, Urban Electric Power developed a zinc-nickel oxide battery electrolyte that circulates constantly, eliminating dendrite formation and preventing battery shortages. Their new challenge is to take this technology to the market, where they can scale up the batteries for reducing peak energy demand in urban areas and storing variable renewable electricity.

Banerjee, Sanjoy; Shmukler, Michael; Martin, Cheryl

2013-07-29

248

Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City  

ScienceCinema

Urban Electric Power, a startup formed by researchers from the City University of New York (CUNY) Energy Institute, is taking breakthroughs in battery technology from the lab to the market. With industry and government funding, including a grant from the Energy Department, Urban Electric Power developed a zinc-nickel oxide battery electrolyte that circulates constantly, eliminating dendrite formation and preventing battery shortages. Their new challenge is to take this technology to the market, where they can scale up the batteries for reducing peak energy demand in urban areas and storing variable renewable electricity.

249

Adapting Labs and Troubleshooting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A great deal of information is available on how children learn--brain research, multiple intelligence aspects, concrete versus abstract thinking, environmental stimuli, and so on--but one key feature can be gleaned from all of the studies, and that is the importance of hands-on learning. No matter what method students use to garner information, the learning process can be augmented with the inclusion of labs, activities, or simulations that mimic real-life experiences. This is especially true in the middle school science classroom.

2003-01-01

250

Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry and the challenges for clinical research governance.  

PubMed

Over the past five years, efforts to set up a Brazilian clinical trials registry have progressed from early discussions in academic forums through to the establishment of the registry as a web-based computer platform. This article describes the process of developing and introducing the Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry (ReBEC), and its relationship with the authorities that regulate clinical research in Brazil. The Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry and the multilingual, free and open source, internet-based software developed to manage it are outcomes of partnerships among Brazilian federal and international health agencies. Information for describing the technical and operational dimensions of Rebec was drawn from technical documents and the records of the OpenTrials software development team and the ReBEC executive and advisory committees, which are available in free-access repositories. The Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry was launched in December 2010, and approved as a primary registry of the WHO ICTRP network in April 2011. ReBEC's arrival on-line and its acceptance as an ICTRP primary registry is a significant step in consolidating a policy of free access to information on clinical research in Brazil. PMID:23672720

Laguardia, Josué; Piolli, Alessandro Luís; Prevot, Margareth; Ramalho, Luciano; Gamarski, Ricardo; Nishizawa, Claudio

2011-01-01

251

M.I.T. and the Federal Government. An Examination of the Effects of Government Regulation and Research Support on Selected Parts of M.I.T.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A self-study was undertaken at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.) to examine the impact of the federal government on it. M.I.T. is a large institution with an enrollment of 8,000, a faculty of 950, and a total teaching staff of 1,700. Of its operating expenses by far the largest source of funds in recent years has been sponsored…

Garvin, David

252

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT'S FOUR LAB STUDY: TOXICOLOGICCAL AND CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF COMPLEX MIXTURES OF DISINFECTION BY-PRODUCTS (DBPS) AND QUALITY ASSURANCE ACTIVITIES FOR A LARGE U. S. EPA MULTILABORATORY STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

Office of Research and Development's Four Lab Study: Toxicological and Chemical Evaluation of Complex Mixtures of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs), and Quality Assurance Activities for a Large U.S. EPA Multilaboratoty Study Thomas J. Hughes, Project and QA Manager, Expe...

253

Research Activities at U.S. Government Agencies in Subsurface Reactive Transport Modeling  

SciTech Connect

The fate of contaminants in the environment is controlled by both chemical reactions and transport phenomena in the subsurface. Our ability to understand the significance of these processes over time requires an accurate conceptual model that incorporates the various mechanisms of coupled chemical and physical processes. Adsorption, desorption, ion exchange, precipitation, dissolution, growth, solid solution, redox, microbial activity, and other processes are often incorporated into reactive transport models for the prediction of contaminant fate and transport. U.S. federal agencies use such models to evaluate contaminant transport and provide guidance to decision makers and regulators for treatment issues. We provide summaries of selected research projects and programs to demonstrate the level of activity in various applications and to present examples of recent advances in subsurface reactive transport modeling.

Cygan, Randy; Stevens, Caroline T.; Puls, Robert W.; Yabusaki, Steven B.; Wauchope, Robert D.; Mcgrath, Chris J.; Curtis, Gary P.; Siegel, Malcolm D.; Veblen, Linda A.; Turner, David R.

2007-11-20

254

Visick Lab: Home of the Vibrio-Euprymna Symbiosis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website features general information about the lab of Karen Visick, which studies the genes needed to establish an interaction between the small Hawaiian squid Euprymna scolopes and its luminescent symbiont, the marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri. It features links to more information about current research in the Visick lab, lab members and events, and the summer research program and microbiology department at Loyola University.

Visick, Karen; University, Loyola

255

Characteristics of individuals with high information potential in government research and development organizations.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to study focal individuals within informal communications networks, a special variable was constructed: information potential (IP) was defined as the information-source value placed on an individual by his colleagues. Four hypotheses involving IP were tested in three R&D organizations using questionnaires and pencil-and-paper tests. Results indicated that the individual with high IP used more and different sources of technical information, was seen to be a credible information source and to have a strong ability to associate seemingly unrelated ideas, and was as approachable as the other members of his organization. Four tentative conclusions may be drawn from this study concerning the person with high IP. He is (1) an identifiable individual in several different kinds of organizations; (2) a distinctive information transceiver (transmitter and receiver); (3) both a producer and a catalyst in his own organization; and (4) an extender and an amplifier of information search. To affect the efficiency of informal information flow, the research manager's best hope for positively influencing informal networks lies in the identification and motivation of the special communicators in his organization.

Holland, W. E.

1972-01-01

256

Performance enhancement, elite athletes and anti doping governance: comparing human guinea pigs in pharmaceutical research and professional sports  

PubMed Central

In light of the World Anti Doping Agency’s 2013 Code Revision process, we critically explore the applicability of two of three criteria used to determine whether a method or substance should be considered for their Prohibited List, namely its (potential) performance enhancing effects and its (potential) risk to the health of the athlete. To do so, we compare two communities of human guinea pigs: (i) individuals who make a living out of serial participation in Phase 1 pharmacology trials; and (ii) elite athletes who engage in what is effectively 'unregulated clinical research’ by using untested prohibited or non-prohibited performance enhancing substances and methods, alone or in combination. Our comparison sheds light on norms of research ethics that these practices exacerbate with respect to the concepts of multiplicity, visibility, and consistency. We argue for the need to establish a proper governance framework to increase the accountability of these unregulated research practices in order to protect the human guinea pigs in elite sports contexts, and to establish reasonable grounds for the performance enhancing effects, and the risks to the health of the athlete, of the methods and substances that might justify their inclusion on the Prohibited List.

2014-01-01

257

Performance enhancement, elite athletes and anti doping governance: comparing human guinea pigs in pharmaceutical research and professional sports.  

PubMed

In light of the World Anti Doping Agency's 2013 Code Revision process, we critically explore the applicability of two of three criteria used to determine whether a method or substance should be considered for their Prohibited List, namely its (potential) performance enhancing effects and its (potential) risk to the health of the athlete. To do so, we compare two communities of human guinea pigs: (i) individuals who make a living out of serial participation in Phase 1 pharmacology trials; and (ii) elite athletes who engage in what is effectively 'unregulated clinical research' by using untested prohibited or non-prohibited performance enhancing substances and methods, alone or in combination. Our comparison sheds light on norms of research ethics that these practices exacerbate with respect to the concepts of multiplicity, visibility, and consistency. We argue for the need to establish a proper governance framework to increase the accountability of these unregulated research practices in order to protect the human guinea pigs in elite sports contexts, and to establish reasonable grounds for the performance enhancing effects, and the risks to the health of the athlete, of the methods and substances that might justify their inclusion on the Prohibited List. PMID:24499536

Camporesi, Silvia; McNamee, Michael J

2014-01-01

258

Technological Innovation and Problem-Solving in Local Government: An Assessment of Current Research Methods, Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This exploratory study of local government technological innovation focuses on several potential local external and internal determinants of innovation. The principal methods used are (1) a review of local government technological innovation studies and o...

L. A. Rowe W. B. Boise

1981-01-01

259

Robotics Sensor Based Planning Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Robotics Sensor Based Planning Lab at Carnegie Mellon University conducts research into robotics motion planning, coverage, sensor-based planning, and visibility. Their site informs visitors about the research projects and researchers and provides postscript copies of related papers. Short demonstration videos, available under Projects, show sensorless and sensor-based applications. CMU's Distributed Robotics and Manipulation Reading Group also posts postscript files of their reading list.

1998-01-01

260

"Governance" or "Governing"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on four perspectives on power and its exercise in organizations to analyze the practice of governing colleges and universities. The exploration uses political theories (particularly those assessing the legitimacy and effectiveness of stable political entities), leadership studies, analyses of how formal and informal organizations…

Leslie, David

261

Automated generation of massive image knowledge collections using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot to promote neuroimaging and translational research  

PubMed Central

Background Massive datasets comprising high-resolution images, generated in neuro-imaging studies and in clinical imaging research, are increasingly challenging our ability to analyze, share, and filter such images in clinical and basic translational research. Pivot collection exploratory analysis provides each user the ability to fully interact with the massive amounts of visual data to fully facilitate sufficient sorting, flexibility and speed to fluidly access, explore or analyze the massive image data sets of high-resolution images and their associated meta information, such as neuro-imaging databases from the Allen Brain Atlas. It is used in clustering, filtering, data sharing and classifying of the visual data into various deep zoom levels and meta information categories to detect the underlying hidden pattern within the data set that has been used. Method We deployed prototype Pivot collections using the Linux CentOS running on the Apache web server. We also tested the prototype Pivot collections on other operating systems like Windows (the most common variants) and UNIX, etc. It is demonstrated that the approach yields very good results when compared with other approaches used by some researchers for generation, creation, and clustering of massive image collections such as the coronal and horizontal sections of the mouse brain from the Allen Brain Atlas. Results Pivot visual analytics was used to analyze a prototype of dataset Dab2 co-expressed genes from the Allen Brain Atlas. The metadata along with high-resolution images were automatically extracted using the Allen Brain Atlas API. It is then used to identify the hidden information based on the various categories and conditions applied by using options generated from automated collection. A metadata category like chromosome, as well as data for individual cases like sex, age, and plan attributes of a particular gene, is used to filter, sort and to determine if there exist other genes with a similar characteristics to Dab2. And online access to the mouse brain pivot collection can be viewed using the link http://edtech-dev.uthsc.edu/CTSI/teeDev1/unittest/PaPa/collection.html (user name: tviangte and password: demome) Conclusions Our proposed algorithm has automated the creation of large image Pivot collections; this will enable investigators of clinical research projects to easily and quickly analyse the image collections through a perspective that is useful for making critical decisions about the image patterns discovered.

2011-01-01

262

The development lab experience: dancing with wolves  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Whitireia Development Lab (DevLab) was conceived and created two years ago with the intent of developing a multi purpose environment to allow industry and academia to interact on a variety of levels for the benefit of both parties. Our objective was to create industry alliances, provide resources for the BIT 3rd year projects, facilitate faculty research while becoming self

Sue Chard; Nick Wempe

263

Analysis of changes in the federal funding trends to higher education for basic research in space, solar, and nuclear sciences compared to government and industry: 1967-1985  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem addressed by this study is that the amount of federal funds allocated in higher education for conducting basic research in space, solar, and nuclear sciences appear to be declining relative to government and industry. To test this hypothesis, data were obtained from the National Science Foundation on the amounts of federal funds provided for research and development from

Veasey; C. Jr

1985-01-01

264

MIT: Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab is the result of a merger in 2003 of the Artificial Intelligence Lab and the Lab for Computer Science. The interdepartmental laboratory conducts research in "both computation and artificial intelligence, broadly construed." The four main research areas include: Architecture, Systems, and Networks; Theory; Language, Learning, Vision, and Graphics; and Physical, Biological, and Computational Systems. The site lists the various research projects, each with an abstract describing the lab's approach and current progress on the project. The Research Activities section provides links to specific project websites of CSAIL researchers. They have not yet developed a CSAIL publications series, so research continues to be published under the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and Laboratory for Computer Science publication series, which are also available from this website.

265

State of the Lab Address  

ScienceCinema

In his third-annual State of the Lab address, Ames Laboratory Director Alex King called the past year one of "quiet but strong progress" and called for Ames Laboratory to continue to build on its strengths while responding to changing expectations for energy research.

266

State of the Lab Address  

ScienceCinema

In his third-annual State of the Lab address, Ames Laboratory Director Alex King called the past year one of "quiet but strong progress" and called for Ames Laboratory to continue to build on its strengths while responding to changing expectations for energy research.

King, Alex

2013-03-01

267

Sensing through the wall imaging using the Army Research Lab ultra-wideband synchronous impulse reconstruction (UWB SIRE) radar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL), as part of a mission and customer funded exploratory program, has developed a new low-frequency, ultra-wideband (UWB) synthetic aperture radar (SAR). The radar is capable of penetrating enclosed areas (buildings) and generating SAR imagery. This supports the U.S. Army's need for intelligence on the configuration, content, and human presence inside these enclosed areas. The radar system is mounted on a ground based vehicle traveling along the road and is configured with an array of antennas pointing toward the enclosed areas of interest. This paper will describe an experiment conducted recently at Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland. In this paper we briefly describe the UWB SIRE radar and the test setup in the experiment. We will also describe the signal processing and the image techniques used to produce the SAR imagery. Finally, we will present SAR imagery of the building and its internal structure from different viewing directions.

Nguyen, Lam; Ressler, Marc; Sichina, Jeffrey

2008-05-01

268

Concentration, chlorination, and chemical analysis of drinking water for disinfection byproduct mixtures health effects research: U.S. EPA's Four Lab Study.  

PubMed

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's "Four Lab Study" involved participation of researchers from four national Laboratories and Centers of the Office of Research and Development along with collaborators from the water industry and academia. The study evaluated toxicological effects of complex disinfection byproduct (DBP) mixtures, with an emphasis on reproductive and developmental effects that have been associated with DBP exposures in some human epidemiologic studies. This paper describes a new procedure for producing chlorinated drinking water concentrate for animal toxicology experiments, comprehensive identification of >100 DBPs, and quantification of 75 priority and regulated DBPs. In the research reported herein, complex mixtures of DBPs were produced by concentrating a natural source water with reverse osmosis membranes, followed by addition of bromide and treatment with chlorine. By concentrating natural organic matter in the source water first and disinfecting with chlorine afterward, DBPs (including volatiles and semivolatiles) were formed and maintained in a water matrix suitable for animal studies. DBP levels in the chlorinated concentrate compared well to those from EPA's Information Collection Rule (ICR) and a nationwide study of priority unregulated DBPs when normalized by total organic carbon (TOC). DBPs were relatively stable over the course of the animal studies (125 days) with multiple chlorination events (every 5-14 days), and a significant portion of total organic halogen was accounted for through a comprehensive identification approach. DBPs quantified included regulated DBPs, priority unregulated DBPs, and additional DBPs targeted by the ICR. Many DBPs are reported for the first time, including previously undetected and unreported haloacids and haloamides. The new concentration procedure not only produced a concentrated drinking water suitable for animal experiments, but also provided a greater TOC concentration factor (136×), enhancing the detection of trace DBPs that are often below detection using conventional approaches. PMID:20496936

Pressman, Jonathan G; Richardson, Susan D; Speth, Thomas F; Miltner, Richard J; Narotsky, Michael G; Hunter, E Sidney; Rice, Glenn E; Teuschler, Linda K; McDonald, Anthony; Parvez, Shahid; Krasner, Stuart W; Weinberg, Howard S; McKague, A Bruce; Parrett, Christopher J; Bodin, Nathalie; Chinn, Russell; Lee, Chih-Fen T; Simmons, Jane Ellen

2010-10-01

269

Introducing ADS Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ADS Labs is a platform that ADS is introducing in order to test and receive feedback from the community on new technologies and prototype services. Currently, ADS Labs features a new interface for abstract searches, faceted filtering of results, visualization of co-authorship networks, article-level recommendations, and a full-text search service. The streamlined abstract search interface provides a simple, one-box search with options for ranking results based on a paper relevancy, freshness, number of citations, and downloads. In addition, it provides advanced rankings based on collaborative filtering techniques. The faceted filtering interface allows users to narrow search results based on a particular property or set of properties ("facets"), allowing users to manage large lists and explore the relationship between them. For any set or sub-set of records, the co-authorship network can be visualized in an interactive way, offering a view of the distribution of contributors and their inter-relationships. This provides an immediate way to detect groups and collaborations involved in a particular research field. For a majority of papers in Astronomy, our new interface will provide a list of related articles of potential interest. The recommendations are based on a number of factors, including text similarity, citations, and co-readership information. The new full-text search interface allows users to find all instances of particular words or phrases in the body of the articles in our full-text archive. This includes all of the scanned literature in ADS as well as a select portion of the current astronomical literature, including ApJ, ApJS, AJ, MNRAS, PASP, A&A, and soon additional content from Springer journals. Fulltext search results include a list of the matching papers as well as a list of "snippets" of text highlighting the context in which the search terms were found. ADS Labs is available at http://adslabs.org

Accomazzi, Alberto; Henneken, E.; Grant, C. S.; Kurtz, M. J.; Di Milia, G.; Luker, J.; Thompson, D. M.; Bohlen, E.; Murray, S. S.

2011-05-01

270

Using Field Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written by Mary Savina of Carleton College Students love field labs! They enjoy being outside and they appreciate the fact that geoscience field labs are unusually tactile and bring them into contact with real, ...

Savina, Mary

271

Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site discusses Boston University's Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry (FTMS) Lab's devotion to the improvement of FTMS instrumentation and methods for its everyday biochemical functions. After discovering the importance of FTMS, visitors can find out about the lab's work in the enhancement of electrospray ion source and Cryogenic FTMS. Students can learn about the modern biochemistry's utilization of both traditional instrumentation such as gel electrophoresis and the latest devices including high performance chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance, and X-ray crystallography. By downloading the Boston University Data Analysis (B.U.D.A.), researchers can participate in the development of analysis software for FTMS.

272

Supporting Lab Report Writing in an Introductory Materials Engineering Lab  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will describe the development and implementation of a web-based support site for helping students write and reflect on lab reports in an undergraduate Materials Science lab. This project, part of a larger NSF project to support undergraduate lab report writing, details the specific challenges of implementing lab report writing support materials for engineering labs. The lab report writing

Eric N. Wiebe; Thomas M. Hare; Michael Carter; Yusef Fahmy; Roger Russell; Miriam Ferzli

2001-01-01

273

LabVelocity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Geared mainly toward biotechnology researchers, this commercial site provides a wealth of laboratory information such as technique protocols, tools and tables, and a catalog of equipment and literature. The Tools and Tables section gives sizes and weights of genomes and molecules, a buffer calculator, protein affinity tables, and much more. Protocols such as in vitro transcription/translation, expression arrays, and protein assays are available for free download in .pdf format. Certain instrumentation, software, and laboratory product user manuals can be similarly downloaded. Other highlights of the site are the "lab manager," allowing users to create a personalized archive of scientific literature, protocols, product lists, and references; free access to Medline, the National Library of Medicine's searchable database; and a customizable news page. Because LabVelocity is a for-profit venture, a vast array of products are available for purchase from the site. These are subcategorized (e.g., Antibodies, Chromatography, Electrophoresis, Immunology) for easy access. Registration is requested but not required.

274

Research, part of a Special Feature on New Methods for Adaptive Water Management Adaptive Water Governance: Assessing the Institutional Prescriptions of Adaptive (Co)Management from a Governance Perspective and Defining a Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article assesses the institutional prescriptions of adaptive (co-)management based on a literature review of the (water) governance literature. The adaptive (co-)management literature contains four institutional prescriptions: collaboration in a polycentric governance system, public participation, an experimental approach to resource management, and management at the bioregional scale. These prescriptions largely resonate with the theoretical and empirical insights embedded in the

Dave Huitema; Erik Mostert; Wouter Egas; Sabine Moellenkamp; Claudia Pahl-Wostl; Resul Yalcin

275

(Re)inventing Government-Industry R and D Collaboration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the lessons learned in developing and operating a large-scale strategic alliance whose organization and coordination is U.S. Government-led using new means for R&D collaboration. Consortia in the United States counter a century of 1884 Sherman Anti-Trust Law-based governmental and legal policy and a longstanding business tradition of unfettered competition. Success in public-private collaboration in America requires compelling vision and motivation by both partners to reinvent our ways of doing business. The foundations for reinventing government and alliance building were laid in 1994 with Vice President Al Gore's mandates for Federal Lab Reviews and other examinations of the roles and missions for the nation's more than 700 government labs. In addition, the 1984 National Cooperative Research Act (NCRA) set in motion the abilities for U.S. companies to collaborate in pre-competitive technology development. The budget realities of the 1990's for NASA and other government agencies demand that government discover the means to accomplish its mission by leveraging resources through streamlining as well as alliances. Federal R&D investments can be significantly leveraged for greater national benefit through strategic alliances with industry and university partners. This paper presents early results from one of NASA's first large-scale public/private joint R&D ventures.

Holmes, Bruce J.

1996-01-01

276

Evolution of Different Dual-use Concepts in International and National Law and Its Implications on Research Ethics and Governance.  

PubMed

This paper provides an overview of the various dual-use concepts applied in national and international non-proliferation and anti-terrorism legislation, such as the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, the Chemical Weapons Convention and United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, and national export control legislation and in relevant codes of conduct. While there is a vast literature covering dual-use concepts in particular with regard to life sciences, this is the first paper that incorporates into such discussion the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540. In addition, recent developments such as the extension of dual-use export control legislation in the area of human rights protection are also identified and reviewed. The discussion of dual-use concepts is hereby undertaken in the context of human- and/or national-security-based approaches to security. This paper discusses four main concepts of dual use as applied today in international and national law: civilian versus military, peaceful versus non-peaceful, legitimate versus illegitimate and benevolent versus malevolent. In addition, the usage of the term to describe positive technology spin-offs between civilian and military applications is also briefly addressed. Attention is also given to the roles civil society and research ethics may play in the governance of dual-use sciences and technologies. PMID:24497004

Rath, Johannes; Ischi, Monique; Perkins, Dana

2014-09-01

277

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) is a user facility for scientists worldwide. Its primary mission is to conduct basic research of the atomâs nucleus at the quark level.

2003-11-10

278

Analysis of changes in the federal funding trends to higher education for basic research in space, solar, and nuclear sciences compared to government and industry: 1967-1985  

SciTech Connect

The problem addressed by this study is that the amount of federal funds allocated in higher education for conducting basic research in space, solar, and nuclear sciences appear to be declining relative to government and industry. To test this hypothesis, data were obtained from the National Science Foundation on the amounts of federal funds provided for research and development from fiscal years 1955 to 1985. The NSF data were organized into tables, presented, and analyzed to help determine what changes had occurred in the amounts of federal funds allocated to higher education, government, and industry for basic research in space, solar, and nuclear sciences for fiscal years 1967 to 1985. The study provided six recommendations to augment declining federal funds for basic research. (1) Expand participation in applied research, (2) Develop and expand consortia arrangements with other academic institutions of higher education. (3) Pursue other funding sources such as alumni, private foundations, industry, and state and local government. (4) Develop and expand joint research with national and industrial laboratories. (5) Expand participation in interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research to develop technological solutions to local, regional, and national problems. (6) Develop and expand programs of reciprocal internships, and sabbaticals with industrial and national laboratories.

Veasey, C. Jr.

1985-01-01

279

Investigation of Certain U.S. Government 'Lessons Learned' Processes and Their Application to USAF Research, Development, and Acquisition Project Managers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study investigated the types of processes used by certain U.S. government agencies to provide 'lessons learned' that could be used by USAF research, development and acquisition project managers. Areas of interest include the types of agencies that co...

M. W. McNabb

1991-01-01

280

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 35: The US Government Technical Report and Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion: Results of an on-Going Investigation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. government technical report is a primary means by which the results of federally funded research and development (R&D) are transferred to the U.S. aerospace industry. However, little is known about this information product in terms of its actual ...

T. E. Pinelli A. R. Khan R. O. Barclay J. M. Kennedy

1993-01-01

281

Research on Relationship among Lifestyle and Condition of Constitution, BMI and WHR of 3786 Heads of Government Organizations and Enterprises in Hubei Province  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of society, the impact of lifestyle on health playing an increasingly important role. This research is dedicated to conclude a comprehensive assessment of condition of constitution of 3786 heads of government organizations and enterprises in Hubei province by means of implementation of constitution tests. Moreover, it investigates their lifestyles like smoking habit, sleep hours and quality as

Yong Fan; Xiaodong Wang

2009-01-01

282

The Gremlins of Governance: A "Trusteeship" Q&A with Richard Chait, Research Professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with Richard Chait, Research Professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, regarding the three major challenges that face college and university governing boards today--in the areas of board structure, planning, and trustee selection. In the interview, Chait shares his concern about the state of…

Chait, Richard

2009-01-01

283

Facilities for Study and Research in the Offices of the United States Government at Washington. Bulletin, 1909, No. 1. Whole Number 398  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin contains a report prepared by President Hadley of Yale University on the facilities for advanced study and research in the offices of the National Government at Washington. Especial interest attaches to this publication. It sets forth, in compact form, information which has frequently been sought by institutions and individuals…

Hadley, Arthur Twining

1909-01-01

284

Mandibular Fractures at Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Science and Research Institute, Garhwal Region, Uttarakhand, India: A Retrospective Study  

PubMed Central

Background: Mandibular fractures constitute a substantial proportion of cases of maxillofacial trauma. Demographic data related to mandibular fractures are difficult to evaluate because of many variables associated with the studies. The information is as diverse as the countries and the people who inhabit them. Aim: This is a retrospective study designed to determine the site distribution, associated fracture and causes of mandibular fractures in patients presenting to the trauma centre of Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Science and Research Institute, Uttarakhand, India. Materials and Methods: Records of 121 patients with confirmed mandibular fractures presenting over a three year period (i.e., 1st January 2008 to 31st December 2010). Data obtained from record included age, sex, site of fracture and causes. Results: There were 48/121 (39.6%) males and 73/121 (60.3%) females. The most predominant age group of fracture was found to be 21-30 (53/121-43.8%) followed by 11-20 (25/121-20.6%). In this study history of fall was the most common cause of mandibular fracture (66/121-54.5%), followed by road traffic accidents (45/121-37.1%), fights and assault (08/121-6.6%) and industrial accidents (02/121-1.6%). In our study most of the patients suffered from fracture in the parasymphysis (35/139-25.1%) and angle region (32/139-23.0%) followed by body (30/139-21.5%), condyle (21/139-15.1%), symphysis (19/139-13.7%), and ramus (02/121-1.4%) area. Conclusion: In this study mandibular fractures were more prevalent in females especially during the second and third decade of life. History of fall was the most predominant cause of mandibular fracture. The most frequently affected sites were parasymphysis and angle.

Mittal, G; Mittal, SR

2013-01-01

285

Computer Lab Configuration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the layout and elements of an effective school computer lab. Includes configuration, storage spaces, cabling and electrical requirements, lighting, furniture, and computer hardware and peripherals. (PKP)

Wodarz, Nan

2003-01-01

286

Genomics Education in Practice: Evaluation of a Mobile Lab Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dutch genomics research centers have developed the "DNA labs on the road" to bridge the gap between modern genomics research practice and secondary-school curriculum in the Netherlands. These mobile DNA labs offer upper-secondary students the opportunity to experience genomics research through experiments with laboratory equipment that is not…

Van Mil, Marc H. W.; Boerwinkel, Dirk Jan; Buizer-Voskamp, Jacobine E.; Speksnijder, Annelies; Waarlo, Arend Jan

2010-01-01

287

Cryogenics Research and Engineering Experience  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Energy efficient storage, transfer and use of cryogens and cryogenic propellants on Earth and in space have a direct impact on NASA, government and commercial programs. Research and development on thermal insulation, propellant servicing, cryogenic components, material properties and sensing technologies provides industry, government and research institutions with the cross-cutting technologies to manage low-temperature applications. Under the direction of the Cryogenic Testing Lab at Kennedy Space Center, the work experience acquired allowed me to perform research, testing, design and analysis of current and future cryogenic technologies to be applied in several projects.

Toro Medina, Jaime A.

2013-01-01

288

Effective Government Structures for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that government structures are not effective for children. Suggests that a Minister and Children's Unit be responsible for four tasks, including developing government strategy for children, presenting research on children to provide a full view of the child's situation to government, coordinating government departments, and consulting…

Hodgkin, Rachel

1997-01-01

289

The ALPHA Lab at UC Berkeley  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alpha Lab at the University of California at Berkeley researches and develops robotics systems for high-precision manufacturing. Specifically, it combines mathematical algorithms and industrial automation to build low-cost, reliable tools for "feeding, fixturing and grasping." The projects section of the lab's Web site describes a number of experiments and model implementations for robotics operation. Many of these have Java applets that demonstrate the principles involved in handling differently shaped objects. There are also discussions of various projects in computational physiology and Internet telerobotics. The lab's director has many of his publications available online.

290

Significant changes to institutional review boards proposed: government may issue first changes in decades to the common rule on human subjects research.  

PubMed

For the first time in more than 20 years, the federal government has recently proposed changes to a regulation that has been a mainstay of scientific research in the United States. The proposal came in July 2011, when the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published an advance notice of proposed rule making in the Federal Register [1]. The notice, titled "Human Subjects Research Protections: Enhancing Protections for Research Subjects and Reducing Burden, Delay, and Ambiguity for Investigators," announced the desire of the agency, along with the Office of Science and Technology Policy, to change long standing rules concerning medical experiments involving humans. PMID:23247160

Otrompke, John

2012-01-01

291

A Museum Learning Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Learning Lab: The Cell" exhibit was developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Museum and the MIT Center for Environmental Health Sciences (CEHS). Specially designed for middle and high school students, the Learning Lab provides museum visitors of all ages with fascinating insights into how our living cells work. The…

Vandiver, Kathleen M.; Bijur, Jon Markowitz; Epstein, Ari W.; Rosenthal, Beryl; Stidsen, Don

2008-01-01

292

Metamorphic Rocks Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students each obtain 2 rock samples from a collection of 20 for the lab. Students complete a data form for observations concerning metamorphic features. Each student identifies the 2 samples and describes the metamorphic parent rock. When everyone in the lab has finished, the group matches all the non-metamorphic samples to the metamorphic samples in a large rock cycle puzzle.

Hadley, Ann C.

293

Physics Labs with Flavor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes my attempts to look deeper into the so-called "shoot for your grade" labs, started in the '90s, when I began applying my teaching experience in Russia to introductory physics labs at the College of Charleston and other higher education institutions in South Carolina. The term "shoot for your grade" became popular among…

Agrest, Mikhail M.

2009-01-01

294

Lab Report Blues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For middle school students, writing a formal lab report can be challenging. For middle level teachers, reading students lab reports can be overwhelming. After grading report after report with incomplete procedures, incorrect graphs, and missing conclusions, the author's frustration level was at an all-time high. Ready to try anything, he thought,…

Diaz, Andrew

2004-01-01

295

Reforming Cookbook Labs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deconstructing cookbook labs to require the students to be more thoughtful could break down perceived teacher barriers to inquiry learning. Simple steps that remove or disrupt the direct transfer of step-by-step procedures in cookbook labs make students think more critically about their process. Through trials in the author's middle school…

Peters, Erin

2005-01-01

296

Higher Education and University Governance in the Netherlands: Pluralism Old and New. Yale Higher Education Research Group Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A retrospective look is taken at the internal workings of a reform of university governance in the Netherlands, including a description of the relations between the various actors involved. It was found that a state of equilibrium has not yet been reached, but the most acute stages of the transition have passed. Then a broader look is taken at…

Schuller, Thomas

297

32 CFR Appendix E to Part 197 - Form Letter-Conditions Governing Access to Official Records for Historical Research Purposes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Access to Official Records for Historical Research Purposes E Appendix E to Part 197...CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS HISTORICAL RESEARCH IN THE FILES OF THE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Access to Official Records for Historical Research Purposes Date: OSD Records...

2013-07-01

298

Jefferson Lab. FEL user facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jefferson Lab's IR Demo FEL Facility includes an associated 600 m2 user facility containing six separate laboratory areas. In the summer of 1999 we began delivery of beam int two of these labs as part of our commissioning of the FEL optical transport and laser safety systems. The high average power capability in the mid-IR, along with an ultrafast high PRF temporal structure makes this laser a unique source for both applied and basic research. While commissioning, we conducted several test, primarily of laser-materials interactions that take advantage of the unique characteristics of this FEL. An overview of the FEL facility and its current performance, along with a synopsis of current and future experiments, will be presented.

Shinn, Michelle D.; Benson, Stephen V.; Biallas, George; Bohn, Courtlandt L.; Douglas, David; Dylla, F.; Evans, Richard; Fugitt, Jock; Gubeli, J.; Hill, Richard; Jordan, Kevin; Krafft, Geoffrey; Li, Rui; Merminga, Lia; Neil, George R.; Oepts, Dick; Piot, Phillipe; Preble, Joe; Siggins, Tim; Walker, Richard; Yunn, Byung

2000-03-01

299

PBS Learning Media: Forces Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This four-part interactive simulation explores some of the most important forces to be considered in structural engineering. It's a fun way for kids in Grades 4-8 to learn about compression, tension, torque, and shear -- and then apply this knowledge to further explore structural load. In the "Materials Lab" section, they stretch and compress 8 different types of building materials: wood, plastic, aluminum, brick, concrete, reinforced concrete, cast iron, and steel. Last, in the "Shapes Lab", they choose from rectangular, arched, and triangular shapes and test their stability. PBS Learning Media is a collection of 10,000+ videos, lessons, and activities compiled by researchers and experienced teachers to promote use of digital resources in the classroom.

2011-10-04

300

Labs not in a lab: A case study of instructor and student perceptions of an online biology lab class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Distance learning is not a new phenomenon but with the advancement in technology, the different ways of delivering an education have increased. Today, many universities and colleges offer their students the option of taking courses online instead of sitting in a classroom on campus. In general students like online classes because they allow for flexibility, the comfort of sitting at home, and the potential to save money. Even though there are advantages to taking online classes, many students and instructors still debate the effectiveness and quality of education in a distant learning environment. Many universities and colleges are receiving pressure from students to offer more and more classes online. Research argues for both the advantages and disadvantages of online classes and stresses the importance of colleges and universities weighing both sides before deciding to adopt an online class. Certain classes may not be suitable for online instruction and not all instructors are suitable to teach online classes. The literature also reveals that there is a need for more research on online biology lab classes. With the lack of information on online biology labs needed by science educators who face the increasing demand for online biology labs, this case study hopes to provide insight into the use of online biology lab classes and the how students and an instructor at a community college in Virginia perceive their online biology lab experience as well as the effectiveness of the online labs.

Doiron, Jessica Boyce

301

SenseLab  

PubMed Central

This article presents the latest developments in neuroscience information dissemination through the SenseLab suite of databases: NeuronDB, CellPropDB, ORDB, OdorDB, OdorMapDB, ModelDB and BrainPharm. These databases include information related to: (i) neuronal membrane properties and neuronal models, and (ii) genetics, genomics, proteomics and imaging studies of the olfactory system. We describe here: the new features for each database, the evolution of SenseLab’s unifying database architecture and instances of SenseLab database interoperation with other neuroscience online resources.

Crasto, Chiquito J.; Marenco, Luis N.; Liu, Nian; Morse, Thomas M.; Cheung, Kei-Hoi; Lai, Peter C.; Bahl, Gautam; Masiar, Peter; Lam, Hugo Y.K.; Lim, Ernest; Chen, Huajin; Nadkarni, Prakash; Migliore, Michele; Miller, Perry L.; Shepherd, Gordon M.

2009-01-01

302

Revising Geology Labs to Explicitly Use the Scientific Method  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article points out that many content- or skill-based labs can be revised to explicitly involve the scientific method by asking students to propose hypotheses before making observations. Labs in which this method has been successfully applied include skill-building labs such as topographic map labs, content-based labs involving experiments with models, and field labs. Because these labs force students to state their expectations before making observations, they allow students to test their own models for various processes, making the students feel more engaged in the observations. This type of exercise reinforces other discussions of the scientific method, and gives students a better understanding of how scientists think. It provides models for applying the scientific method that students can consider when they try to design tests for open-ended research questions in this or other courses.

Hannula, Kimberly

2003-03-01

303

LIVING LAB: User-Driven Innovation for Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to summarize and discuss the results from the LIVING LAB design study, a project within the 7th Framework Programme of the European Union. The aim of this project was to develop the conceptual design of the LIVING LAB Research Infrastructure that will be used to research human interaction with, and stimulate…

Liedtke, Christa; Welfens, Maria Jolanta; Rohn, Holger; Nordmann, Julia

2012-01-01

304

Jefferson Lab Virtual Tour  

ScienceCinema

Take a virtual tour of the campus of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. You can see inside our two accelerators, three experimental areas, accelerator component fabrication and testing areas, high-performance computing areas and laser labs.

None

2014-05-22

305

Sand Analysis Lab Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An inclass introductory level activity for science and nonscience majors that explores the properties of sand in order to identify depositional environments. Sand Analysis Lab (Microsoft Word 71kB May18 12)

Weiss, Tarin

306

TOPS Amylase Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this advanced high school lab, students gain a greater understanding of the activity of enzymes, which are of fundamental importance to many of the chemical reactions that take place in living organisms.

Chris L. Craney (Occidental College;)

2010-06-18

307

TOPS Fish Protein Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab helps high school students compare the proteins in various fish products using SDS-PAGE (sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis), a versatile technique widely used to separate proteins solely by their size.

Chris L.Craney (Program Director) Occidental College faculty and high school teachers in the TOPS program (Occidental College;)

2010-06-18

308

NI LabVIEW  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LabVIEW is a graphical programming environment used to develop measurement, test, and control systems using graphical icons and wires. The program is used for a wide range of applications in industry and the laboratory.

2003-10-10

309

The Mixtures Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation illustrates the separation of mixtures using physical properties. The interactive simulation allows "lab attendants" to separate mixtures using virtual tools. Separation mechanisms are chosen based upon substances' physical properties, and findings are recorded in a chart.

310

Science Nation: Fab Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the Center for Bits and Atoms at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Mass., you'll find a small tool shop but this is no ordinary tool shop! The tools make up a fabrication lab, or "fab lab" for short. In general, operating a fab lab is a matter of creating a design on computer software, and then having the computer tell the tools in the lab what to do with materials you provide. With help from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Center for Bits and Atoms created an outreach program in diverse locations from rural Africa and rural Norway to inner city Boston and San Diego and Chicago.

311

Jefferson Lab Virtual Tour  

SciTech Connect

Take a virtual tour of the campus of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. You can see inside our two accelerators, three experimental areas, accelerator component fabrication and testing areas, high-performance computing areas and laser labs.

None

2013-07-13

312

NIGMS's Living Labs  

MedlinePLUS

... similar to ours. Worm Harmless roundworms found in soil now live in lab dishes, helping scientists discover ... NIGMS Alison Davis, Ph.D., is an NIH science writer and editor. Summer 2007 Issue: Volume 2 ...

313

DNA Extraction Virtual Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual lab from the Genetic Science Learning Center at the University of Utah provides a simple overview of DNA extraction, including what it's used for, illustrations, and an activity using cheek cells and laboratory equipment to isolate DNA. The lab is followed by a classroom activity that allows students and teachers to Extract DNA from Anything Living, using household items like spinach but not little sister's big toe.

2006-01-01

314

DNA Fingerprint: Alu Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online activity features molecular genotyping using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to provide data to study population genetics and human evolution. In this activity, which supplements a hands-on lab at the Dolan DNA Learning Center's Harlem DNA Lab, students learn how to collect their own DNA, use PCR to amplify a region of DNA from chromosome 16, and analyze the amplified DNA with gel electrophoresis.

David Micklos (Cold Spring Harbor;)

2010-05-27

315

Lunar Phases Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NAAP Lunar Phases Lab demonstrates how the earth-sun-moon geometry gives rise to the phases of the moon as seen from earth. A distant view of an observer looking down on earth as well as a perspective of an observer looking into the sky are used in the the simulator. This lab provides resources which include demonstration guides, in-class worksheets, technical documents and assessment pre- and post- tests.

316

Ames Lab 101: Single Crystal Growth  

SciTech Connect

Ames Laboratory scientist Deborah Schlagel talks about the Lab's research in growing single crystals of various metals and alloys. The single crystal samples are vital to researchers' understanding of the characteristics of a materials and what gives these materials their particular properties.

Schlagel, Deborah

2013-09-27

317

Ames Lab 101: Single Crystal Growth  

ScienceCinema

Ames Laboratory scientist Deborah Schlagel talks about the Lab's research in growing single crystals of various metals and alloys. The single crystal samples are vital to researchers' understanding of the characteristics of a materials and what gives these materials their particular properties.

Schlagel, Deborah

2014-06-04

318

Government Policies to Encourage University-Business Research Collaboration in Canada: Lessons from the US, the UK and Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report reviews findings from the research literature on motivations for, barriers to, and determinants of university-business (U-B) research collaboration. It examines how U-B research collaboration is measured and Canada‘s international ranking. It describes public policy measures for encouraging U-B research collaboration in Canada and three reference countries – the US, the UK and Australia. Drawing on the results of

Ian Currie

2011-01-01

319

40 CFR 2.309 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Marine Protection, Research and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of...the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of...the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act...Permit means any permit applied for or granted under...any permit. (c) Basic rules which apply...

2013-07-01

320

New Features in ADS Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) has been working hard on updating its services and interfaces to better support our community's research needs. ADS Labs is a new interface built on the old tried-and-true ADS Abstract Databases, so all of ADS's content is available through it. In this presentation we highlight the new features that have been developed in ADS Labs over the last year: new recommendations, metrics, a citation tool and enhanced fulltext search. ADS Labs has long been providing article-level recommendations based on keyword similarity, co-readership and co-citation analysis of its corpus. We have now introduced personal recommendations, which provide a list of articles to be considered based on a individual user's readership history. A new metrics interface provides a summary of the basic impact indicators for a list of records. These include the total and normalized number of papers, citations, reads, and downloads. Also included are some of the popular indices such as the h, g and i10 index. The citation helper tool allows one to submit a set of records and obtain a list of top 10 papers which cite and/or are cited by papers in the original list (but which are not in it). The process closely resembles the network approach of establishing "friends of friends" via an analysis of the citation network. The full-text search service now covers more than 2.5 million documents, including all the major astronomy journals, as well as physics journals published by Springer, Elsevier, the American Physical Society, the American Geophysical Union, and all of the arXiv eprints. The full-text search interface interface allows users and librarians to dig deep and find words or phrases in the body of the indexed articles. ADS Labs is available at http://adslabs.org

Accomazzi, Alberto; Kurtz, M. J.; Henneken, E. A.; Grant, C. S.; Thompson, D.; Di Milia, G.; Luker, J.; Murray, S. S.

2013-01-01

321

Corporate Governance Practices in Flemish Family Businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance practices in family businesses (FB) remain a research domain with many unsolved questions. Nonetheless, researchers agree that corporate governance practices are important for family-backed companies. Different family ownership structures and different family generations influence the governance structures installed. So far, no research has been conducted on corporate governance characteristics among Flemish family companies. This study explores the relationships

L. A. A; Steven Carchon

2002-01-01

322

How federal government and university policies need to change to achieve more and better research and education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Obama administration has repeatedly emphasized that the economic future of the country will depend heavily on the future success of both its scientific research and its science education. Research universities play a vital role in both of these activities. Unfortunately, universities are facing increasing difficulties in maintaining and enhancing the quality of their research and educational activities. There are some particularly notable unmet opportunities for improving science education. I will offer some ideas for how federal and university policies on research funding and education might be modified in tandem to enhance both research and educational outputs.

Wieman, Carl

2011-04-01

323

A research experiment on facilitation and formation of joint research and development programs between government, industry, and universities: Overview, preliminary findings, and observations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented is an overview of an experiment to explore the free-market approach to public-private collaboration through the development and implementation of a joint venture mechanism to enable formation of R&D projects between government, industry and academia. Some preliminary results related to time-to-commercialization and economic competitiveness are discussed.

Shariq, Syed Z.

1992-01-01

324

Renewing governance.  

PubMed

Globalization's profound influence on social and political institutions need not be negative. Critics of globalization have often referred to the "Impossible Trinity" because decision-making must 1. respect national sovereignty, 2. develop and implement firm regulation, and 3. allow capital markets to be as free as possible. To many, such goals are mutually exclusive because history conditions us to view policy-making and governance in traditional molds. Thus, transnational governance merely appears impossible because current forms of governance were not designed to provide it. The world needs new tools for governing, and its citizens must seize the opportunity to help develop them. The rise of a global society requires a greater level of generality and inclusion than is found in most policy bodies today. Politicians need to re-examine key assumptions about government. States must develop ways to discharge their regulatory responsibilities across borders and collaborate with neighboring jurisdictions, multilateral bodies, and business. Concepts such as multilateralism and tripartism show great promise. Governments must engage civil society in the spirit of shared responsibility and democratic decision-making. Such changes will result in a renewal of the state's purpose and better use of international resources and expertise in governance. PMID:17208717

Loos, Gregory P

2003-01-01

325

IOL: InterOperability Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of New Hampshire has compiled this excellent collection of resources on networking and computer technology. Over twenty categories are represented, including emerging technologies such as 10 Gigabit Ethernet, Very high rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL), and wireless standards. Many of the resources are papers or tutorials written by researchers at the UNH InterOperability Lab, while others are links to various academic and industry efforts. The site is suitable for a broad audience, as it has basic introductory information as well as more advanced white papers.

326

Government Benefits  

MedlinePLUS

... further information, visit www.cms.hhs.gov , the Web site of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). SSI (Supplemental Security Income) The government's SSI (Supplemental Security Income) program ...

327

Incorporating a Literature-Based Learning Approach into a Lab Course to Increase Student Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scientific literature was used to give a research oriented context to our immunology lab course. Immunology lab, a senior level course (60 students/year) was formerly taught in a traditional mode, with exercises aimed at learning lab protocols. To engage students in understanding we connected the protocols to their use as reported in research

Parent, Beth A.; Marbach-Ad, Gili; Swanson, Karen V.; Smith, Ann C.

2010-01-01

328

MEMS Accelerometer Lab Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MEMS Accelerometer Lab Activity was developed by Ui Luu as part of NetWorks National Externship Program for faculty. The lab activity studies the force and impact data collected from a MEMS Accelerometer, same as the device used in automobiles to launch a safety airbag. Upon completion of this activity, students will be able to define: acceleration, force, mass, Newton's Second Law of Motion, and Newton's Third Law of Motion. They will also be able to run data acquisition systems and use graphing tools to perform data analysis. This is a great resource for student and educators in a physics and simply science classroom.

Luu, Ui

2010-06-15

329

Jefferson Lab: Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jefferson Lab carries out its long-term commitment to science education by providing a host of teacher resources, games, and science lessons. Students can find a periodic table offering physical characteristics and information on the history and uses of each element. The Student Zone contains a virtual lab tour, glossary of scientific terms, and materials on internships. Teachers can locate pdf downloads of many hands-on activities on many science subjects such as microscopes, magnets, and measuring. The website introduces educational events and educational programs for both teachers and students.

330

Greenhouse Effect Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this simple lab, students collect data to demonstrate basic atmospheric science concepts. Groups of students measure the effect of carbon dioxide on temperature using soda bottles with thermometers inserted. One bottle is filled with air and capped. The second bottle is filled with carbon dioxide using a specific procedure. To conduct the experiment, both bottles are placed under a lamp while students record the increase in temperature over five minutes. The bottle containing carbon dioxide has a greater increase in temperature than the bottle containing air. This lab demonstrates the fundamental concept that underlies climate change science by providing data that are easy for students to interpret.

Larsen, Krista

331

Nanotechnology Lab Visit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers' Domain presents this video as part of a series on advanced technological education. This segment shows what goes on in a nanofabrication lab, as well as the basics of the nanotechnology industry. The top-down fabrication process of photolithography is shown, as well as the protective measures required to work in a nanofabrication lab. The video may be viewed online or downloaded. To download the clip, users must create a free login for Teachers' Domain. Running time for this Quick Time video is 3:53. Educators will also find a background essay, discussion questions, and standards alignment for the material.

2010-09-30

332

Comparative and International Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we examine the state of the art in comparative and international corporate governance by identifying the key research questions, main concepts, and paradigms of explanations of cross?country diversity in corporate governance. First, we discuss the multiple definitions of corporate governance across disciplines and explore how this multi?dimensional nature of corporate governance posses challenges when making cross?national comparisons.

Ruth V. Aguilera; Gregory Jackson

2010-01-01

333

The History of Science and Technology at Bell Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last 80 years, Bell Labs has been one of the most scientifically and technologically productive research labs in the world. Inventions such as the transistor, laser, cell phone, solar cell, negative feedback amplifier, communications satellite and many others were made there. Scientific breakthroughs such as discovery of the Big Bang, the wave nature of the electron, electron localization and the fractional quantum hall effect were also made there making Bell Labs almost unique in terms of large impacts in both science and technology. In my talk, I will discuss the history of the lab, talk about the present and give some suggestions for how I see it evolving into the future.

Bishop, David

2008-03-01

334

The Living Labs: Innovation in Real-Life Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The living lab (LL) is an open innovation ecosystem serving to provide opportunities for local stakeholders to practice research and to experiment with meaningful improvements for cities and other organizations. Living labs aim at involving the user as a cocreator. In this article the relationship between the LLs and a variety of stakeholders is…

Hawk, Nathan; Bartle, Gamin; Romine, Martha

2012-01-01

335

Personal Adult Learning Lab (Pall). Implications for Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Personal Adult Learning Lab was establsiehd at the Georgia Center for Continuing Education (GCCE) at the University of Georgia to serve self-directed adult learners and conduct research on self-directed learning. The lab allows adult learners to design, conduct, and evaluate their personal learning experiences while proceeding at their own…

Klippel, Judith A.; And Others

336

Strategic Design of an Interactive Video Learning Lab (IVL).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that researched elements necessary for the design of an interactive video learning (IVL) lab for business courses. Highlights include a review of pertinent literature; guidelines for the use of an IVL lab; IVL systems integration; system specifications; hardware costs; and system software. (five references) (LRW)

Switzer, Ralph V., Jr.; Switzer, Jamie S.

1993-01-01

337

Space Science Lab at PARI  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Native American, Hispanic, African American, and other underrepresented high school students in rural Western North Carolina have unprecedented opportunity as researchers in the Space Science Lab to conduct visible and radio observations of the Sun. The program involves 90 students over a three year period. The students conduct their own research and also interact with scientists around the world. The primary goal is to reach students who otherwise would not have this opportunity and motivate them to develop the critical thinking skills necessary for objective scientific inquiry. Students develop skills in electronics, computer sciences, astronomy, physics and earth sciences. Equally important is the hope that the students will become interested in pursuing careers in research or other science-related areas. The program objectives are aligned with the North Carolina Standard Course of Study for grades 9-12 in the areas of Earth/Environmental Science, Physical Science and Physics. The first group of 27 students spent a week in the Space Science Lab located on the campus of the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute (PARI) during the Summer 2006. Students constructed their own JOVE radio telescopes that they took home to continue their observations. They share their results during four follow-up sessions throughout the school year. The students also have Internet access to radio telescopes and solar monitoring equipment at PARI. We expect their enthusiasm for science will increase by experiencing research investigations that are fun and relevant to their understanding of the world around them. We gratefully acknowledge support from the Burroughs Wellcome Fund Student Science Enrichment Program.

Castelaz, Michael W.; Blake, M.; Clavier, D.; Whitworth, C.; Cline, J. D.

2006-12-01

338

Government Regulatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Government regulation of food products, food processing, and food preparation is imperative in bringing an unadulterated, nonmisleading, and safe food product to market and is relevant to all areas of food science, including engineering, processing, chemistry, and microbiology. The liability associated with providing consumers with an adulterated or substandard product cannot only tarnish a company's name and reputation, but also impose substantial financial repercussions on the company and those individuals who play an active role in the violation. In order for a company to fully comply with the relevant food laws (both federal and state), an intimate knowledge of food science is required. Individuals knowledgeable in food science play an integral role not only in implementing and counseling food companies/processors to ensure compliance with government regulations, but these individuals are also necessary to the state and federal governments that make and enforce the relevant laws and regulators.

Becker, Katie

339

Public Attitudes toward Low-Income Families and Children: Circumstances Dictate Public Views of Government Assistance. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined public attitudes toward the most vulnerable of the poor--those who experience significant personal or situational problems that can create obstacles to employment. Using both a factorial survey methodology and a general attitude survey, researchers gathered information about public opinion toward people in need, low-income…

Lennon, Mary Clare; Appelbaum, Lauren D.; Aber, J. Lawrence; McCaskie, Katherine

340

Governance and Administrative Infrastructure in New York City Charter Schools. Going Charter Year Three Findings. Charter School Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this final report of a 3-year evaluation, researchers explored the developing infrastructure in New York City charter schools and identified areas in which school stakeholders--private partners, boards of trustees, school leaders, parents, and teachers--needed support to help charter schools succeed. The study was based on monthly visits to…

Ascher, Carol; Echazarreta, Juan; Jacobowitz, Robin; McBride, Yolanda; Troy, Tammi

341

Modifying Cookbook Labs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modifies an extended lab activity from a cookbook approach for determining the percent mass of water in copper sulfate pentahydrate crystals to one which incorporates students' prior knowledge, engenders active mental struggling with prior knowledge and new experiences, and encourages metacognition. (Contains 12 references.) (ASK)

Clark, Robert, L.; Clough, Michael P.; Berg, Craig A.

2000-01-01

342

Rainbow Challenge Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this inquiry lab activity, the students will attempt to layer 6 different kinds of soda pops in a large test tube. The students will have to use prior knowledge of the physical properties of liquids, in particular density, to accomplish this task.

343

Spectroscopy Lab Suite  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Spectroscopy Lab Suite contains 10 simulations that illustrate optical emission and absorption from atoms and solids. These illustrations show bound state energy levels, electronic transitions, spectra, and illustrations of the physical systems being modeled. Instructions on using the simulations are provided with each.

Zollman, Dean

2010-08-10

344

caNanoLab  

Cancer.gov

QUICK LINKS NCI caNanoLab Wiki NCI CBIIT Home NCL Home NCL CSN Home NCI Nano Alliance Home NCI Home EXTERNAL  Disclaimer NBI NIOSH NIL InterNano nanoHUB ICON SAFENANO HOME PROTOCOLS SAMPLES PUBLICATIONS HELP GLOSSARY LOGIN Search Protocols Help

345

caNanoLab  

Cancer.gov

QUICK LINKS NCI caNanoLab Wiki NCI CBIIT Home NCL Home NCL CSN Home NCI Nano Alliance Home NCI Home EXTERNAL  Disclaimer NBI NIOSH NIL InterNano nanoHUB ICON SAFENANO HOME PROTOCOLS SAMPLES PUBLICATIONS HELP GLOSSARY LOGIN Basic Sample Search Advanced

346

caNanoLab  

Cancer.gov

QUICK LINKS NCI caNanoLab Wiki NCI CBIIT Home NCL Home NCL CSN Home NCI Nano Alliance Home NCI Home EXTERNAL  Disclaimer NBI NIOSH NIL InterNano nanoHUB ICON SAFENANO HOME PROTOCOLS SAMPLES PUBLICATIONS HELP GLOSSARY LOGIN Search Publications Help

347

caNanoLab  

Cancer.gov

QUICK LINKS NCI caNanoLab Wiki NCI CBIIT Home NCL Home NCL CSN Home NCI Nano Alliance Home NCI Home EXTERNAL  Disclaimer NBI NIOSH NIL InterNano nanoHUB ICON SAFENANO HOME PROTOCOLS SAMPLES PUBLICATIONS HELP GLOSSARY LOGIN Unexpected Exception:

348

DNA Dry Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, pencil and scissors lab illustrates how the order of nucleotides in DNA determines the order of amino acids in proteins. It reinforces the concept that any change in the order of nucleotides can change the order of amino acids in proteins. Questions allow students to work through excercise at their own pace without missing key points.

BEGIN:VCARD VERSION:2.1 FN:Susan Offner N:Offner;Susan ORG:Milton High School REV:2005-04-14 END:VCARD

1995-06-30

349

STAT LABS: Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These datasets come from the book "STAT LABS: Mathematical Statistics Through Applications." Below the link for each dataset are descriptions of the variables for that dataset. Datasets are in text format and address topics such as maternal smoking and infant health, video games, radon, cytomegalovirus DNA, HIV, crab molting, voting, snow gauge calibration, down syndrome, and tape drive quality.

Nolan, Deb; Speed, Terry

2009-01-20

350

Inside Linden Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author provides an overview of Second Life[trademark], or simply SL, which was developed at Linden Lab, a San Francisco-based corporation. SL is an online society within a threee-dimensional virtual world entirely built and owned by its residents, where they can explore, build, socialize and participate in their own economy.…

Atkinson, Tom

2008-01-01

351

Corn Wet Milling Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Description: Wet Corn Milling is an industrial process that that converts corn to a wide variety of by-products. The wet milling industry is the largest non-feed user of corn, using approximately 1 billion bushels annually. This lab looks at the separation steps in the industrial processing of corn.

Olson, Eric; Warren, Noreen

2008-10-27

352

Electrolysis Lab 1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab exercise will introduce the process of electrolysis to your students. The class will use a Hoffman electrolysis apparatus. The procedure for the experiment is explained step by step in this lesson plan; a graphic representation of the device is also provided. Student worksheets and discussion questions are included. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2012-05-03

353

Electrolysis Lab 2  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab exercise will further introduce the process of electrolysis to your students. The class will use a Hoffman electrolysis apparatus. The procedure for the experiment is explained step by step in this lesson plan; a graphic representation of the device is also provided. Student worksheets and discussion questions are included. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2012-05-02

354

Lab 3 - Advanced VHDL  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab activity from the Digital Logic Project demonstrates many advanced VHDL techniques and how they can be used to your advantage to create efficient VHDL code. Topics include operator balancing, resource sharing, preventing unwanted latches, and state machine encoding schemes.

2012-07-10

355

Crater Counting Lab exercise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab focuses on the identification of impact features, and how they can used to estimate the age of planetary surfaces. Key comcepts include understanding how the crater process has changed over geologic time; how those changes manifest themselves in the surficial record of planetary landforms; how other planetary processes modify surficial landforms; how the conditions of the Solar System have changed over time.

Mullins, Kevin

356

caNanoLab  

Cancer.gov

QUICK LINKS NCI caNanoLab Wiki NCI CBIIT Home NCL Home NCL CSN Home NCI Nano Alliance Home NCI Home EXTERNAL  Disclaimer NBI NIOSH NIL InterNano nanoHUB ICON SAFENANO HOME PROTOCOLS SAMPLES PUBLICATIONS HELP GLOSSARY LOGIN Advanced Sample Search Basic

357

Lab 3: Land Ice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the first part of this lab, students learn about land ice and the processes and timescales involved in glaciation. In Part B, they use an online interactive to explore how glaciers provide scientists with evidence for climate change. Finally, students use image processing software to measure how much area a real glacier has lost over time due to rising temperatures.

358

Labs of Unlimited Scope  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four experiments at the college freshman and sophomore levels which incorporate pre-lab viewing of visual aids, open-ended laboratory experiences, and use of the low-cost digital computer in both CAI and computational modes. (Author/DS)

Reid, W. M.; Arseneau, D. F.

1971-01-01

359

Fault rocks lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab is intended to give students some hands on experience looking at fault rocks with a suite of cataclasites and mylonites I have collected. The focus is on identifying key textural features in both hand sample and thin section and understanding how deformation within a fault zone varies with depth.

Singleton, John

360

Elemental Chem Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This educative material uses the symbols of 45 elements to spell the names of 32 types of laboratory equipment usually found in chemical labs. This teaching material has been divided into three puzzles according to the type of the laboratory equipment: (i) glassware as reaction vessels or containers; (ii) glassware for measuring, addition or…

Franco Mariscal, Antonio Joaquin

2008-01-01

361

Algebra Lab: Inverse Variation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson from Algebra Lab demonstrates "how to write equations of quantities which vary inversely." The lesson includes an example of a graph of this type of equation, and several example problems. This supporting material would be best used following some in-class instruction explaining how to solve inverse variation equations.

2012-01-01

362

Berkeley Lab's Cool Your School Program  

ScienceCinema

Cool Your School is a series of 6th-grade, classroom-based, science activities rooted in Berkeley Lab's cool-surface and cool materials research and aligned with California science content standards. The activities are designed to build knowledge, stimulate curiosity, and carry the conversation about human-induced climate change, and what can be done about it, into the community.

363

Berkeley Lab's Cool Your School Program  

ScienceCinema

Cool Your School is a series of 6th-grade, classroom-based, science activities rooted in Berkeley Lab's cool-surface and cool materials research and aligned with California science content standards. The activities are designed to build knowledge, stimulate curiosity, and carry the conversation about human-induced climate change, and what can be done about it, into the community.

Ivan Berry

2013-06-24

364

Berkeley Lab's Cool Your School Program  

SciTech Connect

Cool Your School is a series of 6th-grade, classroom-based, science activities rooted in Berkeley Lab's cool-surface and cool materials research and aligned with California science content standards. The activities are designed to build knowledge, stimulate curiosity, and carry the conversation about human-induced climate change, and what can be done about it, into the community.

Ivan Berry

2012-07-30

365

Sea Urchin Embryology: Core Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lab directions for 2 50 minute labs plus several days of brief observations to allow for development. Includes set up information, materials, procedure, troubleshooting, thought-provoking questions and an assessment.

PhD David Epel (Stanford U. Hopkins Marine Station)

2006-12-19

366

Nuclear Medicine at Berkeley Lab  

SciTech Connect

Thomas Budinger, head of Berkeley Lab's Center for Functional Imaging, discusses Berkeley Lab's rich history pioneering the field of nuclear medicine, from radioisotopes to medical imaging. His talk was presented July 5, 2006.

Thomas Budinger

2008-03-04

367

Nuclear Medicine at Berkeley Lab  

ScienceCinema

Thomas Budinger, head of Berkeley Lab's Center for Functional Imaging, discusses Berkeley Lab's rich history pioneering the field of nuclear medicine, from radioisotopes to medical imaging. His talk was presented July 5, 2006.

Thomas Budinger

2010-01-08

368

Nuclear Medicine at Berkeley Lab  

ScienceCinema

Thomas Budinger, head of Berkeley Lab's Center for Functional Imaging, discusses Berkeley Lab's rich history pioneering the field of nuclear medicine, from radioisotopes to medical imaging. His talk was presented July 5, 2006.

Thomas Budinger

2013-06-12

369

SLAC All Access: Laser Labs  

ScienceCinema

From supermarket checkouts to video game consoles, lasers are ubiquitous in our lives. Here at SLAC, high-power lasers are critical to the cutting-edge research conducted at the laboratory. But, despite what you might imagine, SLAC's research lasers bear little resemblance to the blasters and phasers of science fiction. In this edition of All Access we put on our safety goggles for a peek at what goes on inside some of SLAC's many laser labs. LCLS staff scientist Mike Minitti and SLAC laser safety officer Mike Woods detail how these lasers are used to study the behavior of subatomic particles, broaden our understanding of cosmic rays and even unlock the mysteries of photosynthesis.

Minitti, Mike; Woods Mike

2014-06-03

370

SLAC All Access: Laser Labs  

SciTech Connect

From supermarket checkouts to video game consoles, lasers are ubiquitous in our lives. Here at SLAC, high-power lasers are critical to the cutting-edge research conducted at the laboratory. But, despite what you might imagine, SLAC's research lasers bear little resemblance to the blasters and phasers of science fiction. In this edition of All Access we put on our safety goggles for a peek at what goes on inside some of SLAC's many laser labs. LCLS staff scientist Mike Minitti and SLAC laser safety officer Mike Woods detail how these lasers are used to study the behavior of subatomic particles, broaden our understanding of cosmic rays and even unlock the mysteries of photosynthesis.

Minitti, Mike; Woods Mike

2013-03-01

371

Science Sampler: Lab report blues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For middle school students, writing a formal lab report can be challenging. For middle level teachers, reading students' lab reports can be overwhelming. As a solution, why not try peer editing? By having students critique each other in a constructive, nonverbal manner, they will be able to produce better lab reports while simultaneously engaging in the process of scientific inquiry.

Diaz, Andrew

2004-10-01

372

Mississippi State Physics Labs: Graphs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This inquiry-based lab for introductory physics courses explores the purpose of graphs. Students measure simple circular objects and blocks, graph the data, and look for relationships in the graphs. The lab was designed to help students discover the advantage of using graphical representations to understand numerical relationships. This material is part of a larger collection of introductory physics labs.

Ferguson, Joe; Denson, Jack

2008-09-08

373

Government Venture Capital: Centralized or Decentralized Execution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research project provides an initial assessment as to whether the government should maintain decentralized management of its venture capital (VC) initiatives. Previous research focused on the viability of using VC to supplement government R&D spendin...

C. Brown H. Lee P. Winka

2007-01-01

374

Relationship between State Methamphetamine Precursor Laws and Trends in Small Toxic Lab (STL) Seizures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The analyses presented suggest that both the States and Federal Government took a measured and complex approach to reducing small toxic lab (STL) methamphetamine production. Models suggest that defining the violation of methamphetamine precursor purchase ...

C. J. VanderWaal D. C. McBride J. C. O'Connor J. F. Chriqui Y. M. Terry-McElrath

2008-01-01

375

Cornell Lab of Ornithology: Education Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the highly regarded Cornell Lab of Ornithology, this online Educator's Guide offers "activity ideas and support materials to learn about birds and conduct inquiry-based research." The Guide contains 10 introductory activities that encourage students to become a species specialist, go on a bird walk, set up a bird feeder, color in a downloadable Bird Coloring Book, and more. The website also offers ideas for student research with concise sections addressing the scientific method, suggested research questions, research project design, data analysis, and writing a scientific paper. In addition, the Guide provides information about innovative Citizen Science Projects; a helpful collection of bird-related resources and activity ideas for teachers; educational outreach ideas; and information about a Home Study Course in Bird Biology from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

376

Research and development of methods/utilities and rules for managing cooperation for performance improvement in government offices  

SciTech Connect

Purpose is to help managers approach their responsibilities proactively, so that they can anticipate problems and take actions to alleviate or eliminate those problems. Continuous performance improvement, the philosophy behind total quality management, requires working cooperatively to do a little better each day. The most effective tools are working through a closed set of 9 methods: setting expectations, charting, defining indicators and standards, collecting and logging data, converting data to information, organizing and presenting information, reviewing status and progress, self-management, and appraising. In addition, there are 8 rules: focus on what you can do, supply physical evidence of progress, pay attention to detail, inspect (don't expect), review progress routinely and frequently, face ''success/fail'' squarely, communicate crisply, and conduct honest, open appraisals. Scope and plans of the draft research plan (study areas) are described.

Kurstedt, H.A.

1993-03-01

377

Jefferson Lab: Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the Office of Science Education of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab). The aim of the site is to aid Jefferson Lab's long-term commitment to science education by increasing the number of teachers with a substantial background in math and science, strengthening the motivation and preparation of all students, especially minorities and females, and addressing the serious under-representation of minorities and females in science, math, engineering and technology careers. The page offers links to teacher resources, a student zone, games and puzzles, and programs and events. The site focuses on physical science, but some sections are useful to students and teachers of the earth system sciences.

378

ChemLab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dartmouth College's introductory chemistry course program has a Web site that is worth a look by students and professors of chemistry at other institutions. Visitors to the site can ignore the exam and grading sections and head straight to the Java applets. With these nine, nifty mini-tutorials, students can create a custom periodic table, play fill-in-the-blank periodic table puzzles, run virtual labs on anions and cations, construct a visible spectrum, practice least-squares regressions, and much more. Visitors to the site will also find the "Chemistry and Background" portions of the online laboratory manuals (filed under Chem 3/5 and Chem 6) useful and also should review the section on how and why to keep a chemistry lab notebook.

2007-05-03

379

Lab Safety Training Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Princeton University's Environmental Health & Safety division, this extensive lab safety training guide provides basic information for working safely with laboratory chemicals and equipment. The "Introduction" to the site contains information specific to doing such work at Princeton, so visitors should direct their attention over to the left-hand side of the page. Here they will find sections that cover basic procedures regarding the use of flammable liquids, compressed gases, fume hoods, peroxides, and about a dozen other things that one might encounter in such a setting. Along with offering some lists of instructions, each area also has some helpful graphics that will help those just getting started in a lab identify key procedures and commonly-encountered pieces of equipment.

380

British Library Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the British Library Labs offer up interactive digital collections and apps based on the holdings of this remarkable library. First-time visitors can navigate to the left-hand side of the page to look over datasets, maps, images, sounds, and multimedia materials. Within Digital Collections, the Images area features the Endangered Archives Programme (EAP), which is concerned with the preservation of archival material in danger of destruction, neglect, or physical deterioration world-wide. Visitors can look through four different collections in the Music area, including Early Music Online which features over 320 volumes of 16th-century music from the British Library. Users can also look over the Digital Scholarship Blog that offers up thoughtful meditations on the Labsâ ongoing activities and projects.

381

Galvanized Sheet Metal Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module, created by Jamie Acker of Olympic High School in Bremerton, Washington, provides a look into an entry-level lab on galvanized metal. The introduction states, "This simple lab visually shows the effects of removing zinc from a galvanized piece of sheet metal and provides students an opportunity to mathematically calculate the reduction in thickness of the zinc and number of atoms lost, based on the change in mass." The module features an abstract, objective, curriculum overview, procedures, mathematical calculations and references. Students should gain knowledge taking measurements using a micrometer/beam balance, how to safely handle strong acids and use algebra to rearrange equations to balance equations. This is a great resource to either enhance or create new curriculum for instructors.

Acker, Jamie

2009-09-30

382

Physics Lab Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection for high school physics integrates lessons, labs, practice problems, assessments, AP review exercises, simulations, and quizzes in one easily-searched location. Initial development began in 1997, with continual updating and expansion occurring since then. Of special note is the section Amusing Problems, consisting of real-life applications designed to make learners think andlaugh. Each problem provides access to solutions for self-evaluation. Course levels addressed in the collection include algebra-based physics, honors physics, and AP physics.

Colwell, Cathy

2011-09-01

383

Fourth Grade Lab Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These are a collection of sites related to the Fourth Grade CORE, to be explored in the computer lab. For SCIENCE explorations click below. 1. Clouds and the water cycle at the Enchanted Learning site. 2. Look at the Cloud Man&s pictures of clouds. 3. Cloud Types 4. Clouds and Precipitation: online meteorology guide 5. The Dirt on Soil 6. The Dirt on Soil 7. Soil Horizons For MATH activities click below. Math activities "A" ...

Boissonnault, Ms.

2005-06-23

384

Research and development of methods and tools for achieving and maintaining consensus processes in the face of change within and among government oversight agencies: Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This progress report summarizes our research activities under our consensus grant. In year four of the grant, we continued to capitalize on and benefit from historical events which drove our early emphasis on group process studies. Following our work on various procedures for bringing together groups such as the State and Tribal Government Working Group and the Stakeholders' Forum (both of which provide input to the Five-Year Waste Plan), we continue to observe these groups and collect data. We also began a configuration study involving the complex modeling of DOE's Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM). Related to group process studies is the issue of the information requirements for individuals making decisions in consensus groups. Our information studies examined the requirements for decision-related information, frameworks for such information, and the effectiveness of information portrayed for decision making. However, we were able not only to continue studying consensus groups in action and related information issues, but also to focus considerable attention on the fundamental side of our research. The fundamental or basic research conducted in year four included: (1) expanding our literature database; (2) beginning the writing of the literature review summary document and the consensus guide; (3) developing frameworks and models such as the Environmental Trilogy model and a structural equations model of the consensus process; and (4) conducting laboratory studies concerning the effects of the presence of an expert, met expectations, opportunity to express views, incentive structure and conflict type (competitive versus collaborative) on consensus outcomes.

Not Available

1992-03-01

385

Biography as Education Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the increasing interest of Swedish schools to construct, analyze, assess and control the individual progression and social integration of students using biographical registers. I argue that this tendency--involving biography as a form of governance--can be seen as a revision of early 20th-century biographical research by the…

Lindgren, Joakim

2007-01-01

386

Lab-on a-Chip  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Helen Cole, the project manager for the Lab-on-a-Chip Applications Development program, and Lisa Monaco, the project scientist for the program, insert a lab on a chip into the Caliper 42 which is specialized equipment that controls processes on commercial chips to support development of lab-on-a-chip applications. The system has special microscopes and imaging systems, so scientists can process and study different types of fluid, chemical, and medical tests conducted on chips. For example, researchers have examined fluorescent bacteria as it flows through the chips' fluid channels or microfluidic capillaries. Researchers at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama, have been studying how the lab-on-a-chip technology can be used for microbial detection, water quality monitoring, and detecting biosignatures of past or present life on Mars. The Marshall Center team is also collaborating with scientists at other NASA centers and at universities to develop custom chip designs for not only space applications, but for many Earth applications, such as for detecting deadly microbes in heating and air systems. (NASA/MSFC/D.Stoffer)

2003-01-01

387

Research and development of methods and tools for achieving and maintaining consensus processes in the face of change within and among government oversite agencies: First annual performance report: Research status, October 1988--September 1989  

SciTech Connect

In contrast to the autonomy of authoritarian rule implemented through edict and backed by force, the key defining feature of the organizations responsible for making American government work today is ''polyonomy'' a term we've invented to signify that responsibility and power are lodged not with any one agency but are apportioned among many agencies and subagencies. Polyonomy requires consensus backed by negotiation and persuasion. Government Oversight Agencies (GOA's) -- those bodies at all levels of government (federal, state, and local) charged with implementing laws made by the Congress and by state legislatures -- face the monumental but essential task of coordinating their overlapping roles and responsibilities. And that's not all. They must learn to cooperate within an environment which engenders and rewards adversariality, and they must further learn to maintain the ability to cooperate over long periods of time, to coordinate necessary adaptation to inevitable change. The need is urgent for longitudinal, real-world research on mechanisms to create and maintain processes for helping GOA's achieve quality consensus decisions. We hypothesize that consensus evolves and recycles through four phases -- Planning, Building/Maintaining, Implementing, and Post-Implementation -- within an external environment determined by four elements -- Compulsions (Drivers), Information Gathering, Communications, and Reward Systems. 5 figs.

Kurstedt, H.A. Jr.

1989-01-01

388

Falling in Love with IT Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a I fell in love with IT governance in 2004, after reading the second edition of the Board Briefing on IT Governance (IT Governance Institute, 2003) and just before reading IT Governance: How Top Performers Manage IT Decision Rights for Superior Results, by Peter Weill and Jeanne Ross (Harvard Business Press, 2004), or hearing about their research. I mean it when

Steven Romero

389

Governance enterprise architecture (GEA): domain models for e-governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public administrations all over the world promote ambitious and costly e-government programmes. The required domain analysis is usually conducted on a local and ad hoc basis, due to a lack of commonly accepted domain models - in literature and practice - for the overall governance system. This paper summarizes a broad research modelling effort, which aims at developing a domain

Vassilios Peristeras; Konstantinos A. Tarabanis

2004-01-01

390

Teaching Science: Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Before entering the world of pipettes and Geiger counters, budding scientists will need to know about lab safety. Science educators will benefit from this laboratory safety site, developed by Professor Norman Herr, who teaches at California State University, Northridge. On his site, Professor Herr provides topically organized links that fall into the areas of safety standards, chemical hazards, chemical storage, and five other relevant topics. Within each section, visitors will find links to state safety standards, sample laboratory safety contracts, and fact sheets on chemical hazards. One potentially delightful classroom activity is the laboratory safety "scavenger hunt". Through this activity, students will learn about storage requirements, chemical risks, and other potential delicate matters.

391

Annenberg Media: Teachers' Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This small collection from Learner.org provides a unique digital lab for teachers to explore new ideas in learning. The activities are designed around four strands: patterns in mathematics, seasonal changes and moon phases, geometry, and the nature of light. Each section features interactive exercises to challenge teachers' thinking about logic, pattern recognition, shape and structure, symbolic relationships, and mathematical reasoning. The authors then delve into the learning theory behind the activities and how it can be extended to learners of different ages and abilities. Each module provides links to hands-on activities for the classroom.

2012-11-30

392

Plymouth Wave Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Plymouth Wave Lab is a series of movies of waves on a string intended for middle school students. The reference material at the site explains the relationship between the behavior of the string in the six examples and the behavior of a tsunami. The December 26, 2004 tsunami that was generated from the M9.0 Sumatra earthquake has raised public awareness worldwide of the disastrous consequences of tsunami waves. Thus the Marine Seismology and Geoacoustics Group of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute offers, within the context of a middle school curriculum on waves, five lessons that can be learned from tsunamis.

393

Outcrop Documentation Lab Exercise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Stratigraphy students are tasked with documenting an outcrop (sketches, photographs, and rock descriptions) and providing a three panel display of the results. Students work on the lab in class and receive direct mentoring in rock and outcrop description, then for homework they craft digital professional quality reports to present the data to others. These reports are graded, then returned to everyone simultaneously so they can be placed side by side. Students directly observe how others interpreted the same deposits, which underscores the concepts of sound data documentation, and separating data from interpretations.

Evans, Thomas

394

Lab 5: Gone Fishing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab activity introduces students to overfishing, using Georges Bank groundfish as a case study. In Part A, students learn about overfishing by examining trends in annual haddock landings and mortality in Georges Bank from 1969-2004. In Part B, they learn about what it means for a species to be overfished by examining trends in Georges Bank Atlantic cod recruitments and biomass from 1978-2004. In Part C, students explore whether or not it is possible to reverse the effects of overfishing through ecosystem and fisheries management.

395

Electronic government: Government capability and terrorist resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

The federal government's war on terrorism has heightened understanding and appreciation of the many facets of electronic government. Electronic government is used as a resource in the war on terrorism, helping to prevent and prepare for attacks. It might also prove useful in recovering from attacks. Unfortunately, e-government itself is a likely target for terrorists. Cyber intrusions into government Web

L. Elaine Halchin

2004-01-01

396

Constitutional Rights of Government Employees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The intent of this research paper is to study the evolution of the constitutional rights of government employees. There is a perception by many young and old citizens that one must give up some constitutional rights to work for the federal government. Is ...

L. L. Thomas

2001-01-01

397

Center for Technology in Government  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Technology in Government (CTG) works with government to develop information strategies that foster innovation and enhance the quality and coordination of public services. We conduct applied research and partnership projects on the policy, management, and technology issues surrounding information use in the public sector.

398

Routing cancer immunology and immunotherapy from the lab to the clinic 4-5 th March 2014, Center for Applied Medical Research and University Clinic, Pamplona, Spain  

PubMed Central

New approaches to generate effective anticancer responses by either inducing immune responses or inhibiting immunosuppression are under development to improve efficacy in patients. On March 4-5th, 2014, a symposium was held in Pamplona, Spain, to report the new strategies showing preclinical and clinical results regarding translational research efforts on the topic. Participants interacted through oral presentations of 15 speakers and further discussions on topics that included novel therapeutic agents for cancer immunotherapy, viral vectors and interferon-based approaches, experimental tumor imaging and immunostimulatory monoclonal antibodies. Promising agents to target cancer cells and therapeutic approaches that are under translation from bench to patients were presented.

2014-01-01

399

Lab at Home: Hardware Kits for a Digital Design Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An innovative laboratory methodology for an introductory digital design course is presented. Instead of having traditional lab experiences, where students have to come to school classrooms, a "lab at home" concept is proposed. Students perform real experiments in their own homes, using hardware kits specially developed for this purpose. They…

Oliver, J. P.; Haim, F.

2009-01-01

400

Advanced LabVIEW Labs; Physics Today (review).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There have been approximately fifteen books concerning LabVIEW, but Professor Essick's treatise takes on a completely different tack than all of the previous discussions. LabVIEW is written in 'G' a graphical programming language developed by National Ins...

E. D. Jones

1999-01-01

401

Iceland Lavas Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this exercise is to link volcanic rock petrology (hand samples and thin sections) with volcanic rock analytical data to hypothesize on crystal fractionation/accumulation control on lava composition. This lab exercise starts with thin section and hand sample sets of Iceland lavas. To the extent possible, each set has a range of lava compositions including picrites, multiply saturated basalts, and silicic lavas. Also provided is a spreadsheet table of Iceland lava chemical compositions and phenocryst compositions. During the lab, students first identify phenocryst and other phases in their sample set, and compile a table of lava mineralogy. The students then take the spreadsheet of chemical analyses and plot them according to location: Rekjaness, Askja, and Hekla, and they also plot the phenocryst compositions (phenocryst composition changes with magma evolution are ignored. Students then use the rock-derived phenocryst information and phase diagrams (looked at elsewhere in class) to decide which lavas were probably precipitating which phenocryst phases. They then draw crystal fractionation/accumulation control lines on their graphs to illustrate hypothetical controls on magma evolution. They also look at the continuity of data to decide if silicic rocks are related to the basalts by a continuum process (like crystal fractionation, e.g., Hekla) or by a non-continuum process (like partial melting of a different source rock, e.g., Askja). This exercise has proven useful in my course to strengthen the link between rock petrology and rock suite chemical variation. Without something of this sort, I have found that most students have a hard time understanding the meaning of chemical variation diagrams of an igneous suite. This lab follows a phase diagram study of igneous rocks, particulary Fo-An-Di which is most pertinent to the Iceland lavas. It also directly follows an introduction to control lines that is based on a series of Kilauea lavas (illustrated in another submission to this archive). Note that crystal fractionation and accumulation are certainly not the only processes that control these Iceland magma compositions. This exercise is illustrative only of these processes, however.

Hollocher, Kurt

402

Predicting Bankruptcy for Government Contractors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis attempted to build a bankruptcy prediction model for evaluating potential and current government contractors. The study addressed two general research questions: (1) What financial distress models have been developed and how reliable are these...

I. C. Godfrey

1990-01-01

403

Home - Nanotechnology Characterization Lab  

Cancer.gov

Eliminating suffering and death from cancer requires an unprecedented collaborative effort that leverages resources from government, industry, and academia. Working in concert with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the National Cancer Institute (NCI) established the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory to perform preclinical efficacy and toxicity testing of nanoparticles.

404

Pareto Optimum Improvement in Government Contracting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Government regulates its procurement programs to correct what it perceives to be market failure and to implement its socio-economic policies. This research applies economic theory to determine if Pareto improvement is possible in three Government cont...

E. L. Glaser

1999-01-01

405

RiskLab - a joint Teaching Lab on Hazard and Risk Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the future natural disasters are expected to increase due to climatic changes that strongly affect environmental, social and economical systems. For this reason and because of the limited resources, governments require analytical risk analysis for a better mitigation planning. Risk analysis is a process to determine the nature and extent of risk by estimating potential hazards and evaluating existing conditions of vulnerability that could pose a potential threat or harm to people, property, livelihoods and environment. This process has become a generally accepted approach for the assessment of cost-benefit scenarios; originating from technical risks it is being applied to natural hazards for several years now in Switzerland. Starting from these premises "Risk Lab", a joint collaboration between the Institute of Earth Sciences of the University of Applied Sciences of Southern Switzerland and the Institute for Economic Research of the University of Lugano, has been started in 2006, aiming to become a competence centre about Risk Analysis and Evaluation. The main issue studied by the lab concerns the topic "What security at what price?" and the activities follow the philosophy of the integral risk management as proposed by PLANAT, that defines the process as a cycle that contains different and interrelated phases. The final aim is to change the population and technician idea about risk from "defending against danger" to "being aware of risks" through a proper academic course specially addressed to young people. In fact the most important activity of the laboratory consists in a degree course, offered both to Engineering and Architecture students of the University of Applied Sciences of Southern Switzerland and Economy Students of the University of Lugano. The course is structured in two main parts: an introductive, theoretical part, composed by class lessons, where the main aspects of natural hazards, risk perception and evaluation and risk management are presented and analyzed, and a second part, composed by practical activities, where students can learn specific statistical methods and test and use technical software. Special importance is given to seminars held by experts or members of Civil Protection and risk management institutes. Excursions are often organized to directly see and study practical case studies (Eg. The city of Locarno and the lake Maggiore inundations). The course is organized following a "classical" structure (it's mainly held in a class or in an informatics lab), but students can also benefit from a special web portal, powered by "e.coursers" , the official USI/SUPSI Learning Management System , where they can find issues and documents about natural hazards and risk management. The main pedagogical value is that students can attend a course which is entirely devoted to dealing with natural and man-made hazards and risk, allowing them to resume geological, space planning and economic issues and to face real case studies in a challenging and holistic environment. The final aim of the course is to provide students an useful and integrated "toolbox", essential to cope with and to resolve the overwhelming problems due to vulnerability and danger increase of the present-day society. The course has by now reached the third academic year and the initial results are encouraging: beyond the knowledge and expertise acquired, the graduate students, that are now for the most part working in engineering studies or private companies, have shown to have acquired a mentality devoted to understanding and managing risk. REFERENCES PLANAT HTTP://WWW.CENAT.CH/INDEX.PHP?USERHASH=79598753&L=D&NAVID=154 ECOURSES HTTP://CORSI.ELEARNINGLAB.ORG/ NAHRIS HTTP://WWW.NAHRIS.CH/

Baruffini, Mi.; Baruffini, Mo.; Thuering, M.

2009-04-01

406

Berkeley Lab: A Place of Wonder, Spring 2006  

SciTech Connect

Video produced in early 2006. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab has been a leader in science and engineering research for more than 75 years. The Lab conducts a wide range of scientific research with key efforts in fundamental studies of the universe, quantitative biology, nanoscience, new energy systems and environmental solutions, and the use of computing as a tool for discovery. Located on a 200 acre site in the hills above the University of California's Berkeley campus, adjacent to the San Francisco Bay, Berkeley Lab holds the distinction of being the oldest of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Laboratories. Eleven Nobel laureates are associated with Berkeley Lab. It is managed by the University of California.

None

2008-01-01

407

Berkeley Lab: A Place of Wonder, Spring 2006  

ScienceCinema

Video produced in early 2006. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab has been a leader in science and engineering research for more than 75 years. The Lab conducts a wide range of scientific research with key efforts in fundamental studies of the universe, quantitative biology, nanoscience, new energy systems and environmental solutions, and the use of computing as a tool for discovery. Located on a 200 acre site in the hills above the University of California's Berkeley campus, adjacent to the San Francisco Bay, Berkeley Lab holds the distinction of being the oldest of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Laboratories. Eleven Nobel laureates are associated with Berkeley Lab. It is managed by the University of California.

408

Forensic Chemistry Lab Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Any aspect of forensic science can be quite tricky, and educators will be delighted to learn about this helpful educational resource designed just for them. Created by Professor Robert Thompson of Oberlin College this online forensic chemistry lab manual is designed to help chemistry faculty in developing forensic chemistry project laboratories for both undergraduate and graduate courses. In this manual, visitors will find sample preparations, procedural details, instructions for students, and typical results in a variety of formats. Along the left-hand side of the homepage, visitors can look through the forensic chemistry analyses, which include explosives, fabric, glass, and arson. The site is rounded out by a selection of "Stories", which are meant to provide the background for chemical analyses of crime scene samples.

Thompson, Robert

409

Counterpane Labs: Password Safe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tired of trying to memorize numerous computer passwords? Password Safe is a free Windows 9x/2000 utility that provides users the opportunity to keep their passwords securely encrypted on their computers and provides a single Safe Combination that unlocks all passwords. Password Safe "protects passwords with the Blowfish encryption algorithm, a fast, free alternative to DES." The program's security has been thoroughly verified by Counterpane Labs under the supervision of Bruce Schneier, author of Applied Cryptography and creator of the Blowfish algorithm. Password Safe features a simple, intuitive interface that lets users set up their password database in minutes. One can copy a password just by double clicking and pasting it directly into his/her application. Best of all, Password Safe is completely free: no license requirements, shareware fees, or other strings attached.

2001-01-01

410

NADA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Report number 19: The US government technical report and the transfer of federally funded aerospace R/D: An analysis of five studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The U.S. government technical report is a primary means by which the results of federally funded research and development are transferred to the U.S. aerospace industry. However, little is known about this information product in terms of its actual use, importance, and value in the transfer of federally funded R&D. To help establish a body of knowledge, the U.S. government technical report is being investigated as part of the 'NASA/DoD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project'. In this report, we summarize the literature on technical reprts and provide a model that depicts the transfer of federally funded aerospace R&D via the U.S. government technical report. We present results from five studies of our investigation of aerospace knowledge diffusion vis-a-vis the U.S. government technical report and close with a brief overview of on-going research into the use of the U.S. government technical report as a rhetorical device for transferring federally funded aerospace R&D.

Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Kennedy, John M.

1994-01-01

411

Experiences Building PlanetLab  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports our experiences building PlanetLab over the last four years. It identifies the re- quirements that shaped PlanetLab, explains the design decisions that resulted from resolving conflicts among these requirements, and reports our experience imple- menting and supporting the system. Due in large part to the nature of the \\

Larry L. Peterson; Andy C. Bavier; Marc E. Fiuczynski; Steve Muir

2006-01-01

412

Physics Labs with Flavor II  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper was inspired by the numerous requests from "TPT" readers to expand the number of examples of "recurrent study" lab exercises described in my previous paper "Physics Labs with Flavor." I recommend that readers examine it first in order to better understand this one as my attempt here is to be brief. In that paper, one can find details…

Agrest, Mikhail M.

2011-01-01

413

On the Apportionment of Administrative Governance Functions within Multi-Campus Universities and University Systems. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.16.13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most public universities in the United States are formed into systems, containing more than one university or campus. There are clear rationales for these systems, including overall planning and coordination, budgeting efficiency, and effectiveness of dealings with the state government. The distribution of internal governance functions between the…

King, C. Judson

2013-01-01

414

Activities at iThemba LABS Cyclotron Facilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

iThemba Laboratory for Acceleratory Based Sciences (iThemba LABS) is a multi-disciplinary cyclotron facility. Chief among its activities is the operation of a k=200 sepparate sector cyclotron (SSC) which provides proton beams of energies up to 200 MeV. These beams are used for fundamental nuclear physics research in the intermediate energy region, isotope production and medical physics applications. Details on developments regarding the new flagship project at iThemba LABS are also presented.

Bark, R. M.; Cornell, J.; Lawrie, J. J.; Vilakazi, Z. Z.

415

University of Texas: Allen J. Bard Lab of Electrochemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Allen J. Bard's Lab of Electrochemistry at the University of Texas is interested in "the application of electrochemical methods to the study of chemical problems." The website offers lengthy lists of Bard's journal articles, patents, books, and other publications. Users can discover the lab's current research projects dealing with ultra-high-resolution electrochemistry; photoelectrochemistry at semiconductors; and electrochemical studies of biological systems, organic species, and inorganic species. Students and educators can find a link to an interactive Periodic Table of Elements.

416

Obstacle avoidance and concealed target detection using the Army Research Lab ultra-wideband synchronous impulse reconstruction (UWB SIRE) forward imaging radar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL), as part of a mission and customer funded exploratory program, has developed a new low-frequency, ultra-wideband (UWB) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for forward imaging to support the Army's vision of an autonomous navigation system for robotic ground vehicles. These unmanned vehicles, equipped with an array of imaging sensors, will be tasked to help detect man-made obstacles such as concealed targets, enemy minefields, and booby traps, as well as other natural obstacles such as ditches, and bodies of water. The ability of UWB radar technology to help detect concealed objects has been documented in the past and could provide an important obstacle avoidance capability for autonomous navigation systems, which would improve the speed and maneuverability of these vehicles and consequently increase the survivability of the U. S. forces on the battlefield. One of the primary features of the radar is the ability to collect and process data at combat pace in an affordable, compact, and lightweight package. To achieve this, the radar is based on the synchronous impulse reconstruction (SIRE) technique where several relatively slow and inexpensive analog-to-digital (A/D) converters are used to sample the wide bandwidth of the radar signals. We conducted an experiment this winter at Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG) to support the phenomenological studies of the backscatter from positive and negative obstacles for autonomous robotic vehicle navigation, as well as the detection of concealed targets of interest to the Army. In this paper, we briefly describe the UWB SIRE radar and the test setup in the experiment. We will also describe the signal processing and the forward imaging techniques used in the experiment. Finally, we will present imagery of man-made obstacles such as barriers, concertina wires, and mines.

Nguyen, Lam; Wong, David; Ressler, Marc; Koenig, Francois; Stanton, Brian; Smith, Gregory; Sichina, Jeffrey; Kappra, Karl

2007-05-01

417

The dream lab  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, there is concern that the environment for conducting excellent research is deteriorating within the United States' large public research laboratories. This worry is being voiced both by the rank and file scientists within these institutions, as well as by leaders responsible for stewarding the US research infrastructure. The article describes a study which is limited to assessing the research

G. B. Jordan; L. D. Streit; J. S. Binkley

2003-01-01

418

The Problem with Organic Chemistry Labs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem with organic chemistry labs is that the educational objectives of lab instructions are often vague and seldom stated. The great majority of organic chemistry labs in American colleges and universities are based on verification experiments.

Mohrig, Jerry R.

2004-01-01

419

E-Government and Government's Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-Government is a new form of government organization and administrative mechanism of public affairs, where the government's public sectors realize digitalized and information-based government affairs by means of network communication and other electronic technology, administrate public affairs, and provide public services through network. It is citizen-oriented and regards the improvement of government's public services as the core value. The process

Zhang He

2011-01-01

420

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Report Number 19: The US Government Technical Report and the Transfer of Federally Funded Aerospace R/D: An Analysis of Five Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. government technical report is a primary means by which the results of federally funded research and development are transferred to the U.S. aerospace industry. However, little is known about this information product in terms of its actual use, i...

T. E. Pinelli R. O. Barclay J. M. Kennedy

1994-01-01

421

Fluid Interfaces Group: MIT Media Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interested in spidervision? Or the possibilities of an augmented magnifier? You can learn about both of these new discoveries and many others at the Fluid Interfaces Group site. As part of the MIT Media Lab research group, its vision is primarily interested in "radically rethinking human-computer interaction with the aim of making the user experience more seamless, natural and integrated in our physical lives." On the homepage, visitors can look over sections that include People, Projects, Publications, and Press & Awards. The Publications area includes research papers and policy briefs on a variety of innovations and discoveries. Additionally, the site contains information about upcoming seminars and public events.

422

Federal labs: An untapped resource  

SciTech Connect

The US government's effort to license technology developed in its vast network of research laboratories to private industry is expected to become a top priority of the Clinton Administration. But so far, according to federal officials, the US chemical industry has not been a major player in the licensing areas. Some chemical companies, including majors like Dow Chemical and Du Pont, have concluded deals for both technology and joint research efforts. But the level of activity is far below that of others sectors such as electronics and automotive. Also, there is no concerted effort by the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA; Washington) or other chemical industry groups to forge links to federal technology transfer agencies.

Kemezis, P.

1993-01-06

423

Neutron Transversity at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Nucleon transversity and single transverse spin asymmetries have been the recent focus of large efforts by both theorists and experimentalists. On-going and planned experiments from HERMES, COMPASS and RHIC are mostly on the proton or the deuteron. Presented here is a planned measurement of the neutron transversity and single target spin asymmetries at Jefferson Lab in Hall A using a transversely polarized {sup 3}He target. Also presented are the results and plans of other neutron transverse spin experiments at Jefferson Lab. Finally, the factorization for semi-inclusive DIS studies at Jefferson Lab is discussed.

Jian-Ping Chen; Xiaodong Jiang; Jen-chieh Peng; Lingyan Zhu

2005-09-07

424

ConsumerLab.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It may be difficult for the average consumer to evaluate the sometimes grandiose claims that various supplements, vitamins, and other such products make on their labels and such. One way to learn about products is ConsumerLab.com, which provides independent test results and information in order to assist consumers and healthcare professionals to evaluate such products. The casual visitor will want to begin by looking over the âÂÂLatest Resultsâ area on the homepage, which provides some information on their recent tests on melatonin sleep supplements and other related nostrums. Visitors looking for information on specific products will want to direct their mouse to the âÂÂLaboratory Test Resultsâ area. Here they can look through a list of product evaluations that include nutrition bars, ginkgo biloba, and the ever-popular echinacea. The site is rounded out by a very nice area on âÂÂRecalls and Warnings, which (as its name suggests) includes information on recent notices posted by the Federal Trade Commission and other such agencies.

425

Lab-on-a-Chip  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Labs on chips are manufactured in many shapes and sizes and can be used for numerous applications, from medical tests to water quality monitoring to detecting the signatures of life on other planets. The eight holes on this chip are actually ports that can be filled with fluids or chemicals. Tiny valves control the chemical processes by mixing fluids that move in the tiny channels that look like lines, connecting the ports. Scientists at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama designed this chip to grow biological crystals on the International Space Station. Through this research, they discovered that this technology is ideally suited for solving the challenges of the Vision for Space Exploration. For example, thousands of chips the size of dimes could be loaded on a Martian rover looking for biosignatures of past or present life. Other types of chips could be placed in handheld devices used to monitor microbes in water or to quickly conduct medical tests on astronauts. (NASA/MSFC/D.Stoffer)

2004-01-01

426

Bacteriophage as instructional organisms in introductory biology labs  

PubMed Central

Designing lab exercises for introductory biology classes requires balancing the need for students to obtain results with a desire to provide unpredictable outcomes to better approximate actual research. Bacteriophage are particularly well suited for this as many species are well-understood but, with their hosts, represent a relatively complex interacting system. I have designed a seven week series of lab exercises that allow students to select bacteriophage resistant mutant hosts, isolate and sequence the corresponding receptor gene to identify the specific bacterial mutation from a large number of potential mutations. I also examined the possibility of collecting useful mutant strains for other studies. After two semesters, the lab series is working well with over 90% of students successfully isolating mutant bacteria and about half identifying the specific mutation. Here I discuss the advantages of using bacteriophage in an introductory class, the specific labs in this series and future plans.

Hyman, Paul

2014-01-01

427

Energy Efficient Buildings and Appliances: From Berkeley Lab to the Marketplace (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)  

ScienceCinema

Summer Lecture Series 2006: Art Rosenfeld, an appointee to the California Energy Commission and one of the architects of energy efficiency research at Berkeley Lab in the 1970s, discusses what it takes to shepherd innovative energy efficiency research from the lab to the real world.

Rosenfeld, Art (Commissioner, California Energy Commission)

2011-04-28

428

Bell Labs - Physical Sciences Research - Wireless  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website includes a full description of wireless communication projects from Bell laboratories. Projects include a 3G network, soft information processor, voGPRS, pocket GPRS, Blast and analog channel decoder technologies.

2010-12-31

429

Hospital labs go under microscope.  

PubMed

Financial pressures are hitting hospital clinical labs on both the inpatient and outpatient sides. To control expenses, hospitals are teaming up to buy supplies, centralizing services and improving blood management. PMID:24933871

Aston, Geri

2014-05-01

430

State of the Lab 2012  

SciTech Connect

Ames Laboratory Director Alex King delivers the annual State of the Lab address on Thursday, May 17, 2012, the 65th Anniversary of the founding of The Ames Laboratory. This video contains highlights from the address.

King, Alex

2012-01-01

431

State of the Lab 2012  

ScienceCinema

Ames Laboratory Director Alex King delivers the annual State of the Lab address on Thursday, May 17, 2012, the 65th Anniversary of the founding of The Ames Laboratory. This video contains highlights from the address.

King, Alex

2013-03-01

432

Intro PendulumLab Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Introductory Physics Pendulum Lab program asks students to develop a model for a pendulum. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double-clicking the ejs_intro_PendulumLab.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. In order to modify this simulation (and see how it is designed), if you have Ejs installed, you can right-click within the simulation window and select Open Ejs Model from the pop-up menu. Information about Ejs (Easy Java Simulations) is available at: http://www.um.es/fem/Ejs/. The Intro Pendulum Lab program is one of a suite of Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) models used in Introductory Physics Labs. Ejs, a part of the Open Source Physics Project, and is designed to make it easier to access, modify and generate computer models. Additional models can be found by searching ComPADRE for Ejs.

Cox, Anne; Christian, Wolfgang; Belloni, Mario; Brock, Jacob

2008-05-30

433

High School Photonics Lab Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This pdf from OP-TEC, the National Center for Optics and Photonics Education, features the High School Photonics Lab Manual. This free 76 page pdf document is the lab manual for the course Fundamentals of Light and Lasers. This course contains the basicprinciples of light, lasers and laser safety that are needed to study specific types of laser systems,advanced geometric and physical optics, fiber optics and optical measurements.

2011-10-11

434

Density Column Lab - Part 1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this first part of a two-part lab activity, students use triple balance beams and graduated cylinders to take measurements and calculate the densities of several common, irregularly shaped objects with the purpose to resolve confusion about mass and density. After this activity, conduct the associated Density Column Lab - Part 2 activity before presenting the associated Density & Miscibility lesson for discussion about concepts that explain what students have observed.

GK-12 Program,

435

Lab 3: Building a Reef  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During this lab, students learn about the life cycle of corals, including how they grow and reproduce. Students consider the chemistry of seawater and the importance of the symbiotic relationship between corals and zooxanthellae in the formation of coral reefs. They blow CO2 through calcium hydroxide (limewater) to model how respiration assists coral in precipitating calcium carbonate. Students also build on the coral polyp models they made in Lab 2 to demonstrate coral growth, reproduction, and reef formation.

436

Practical Lessons from Place Lab  

Microsoft Academic Search

The creators of Place Lab, a location-enhanced mobile computing system, share lessons learned about leading the project and real-world deployment. Place Lab lets a device estimate its location by scanning for fixed radio beacons, such as nearby 802.11 access points and GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) cell towers and referencing the beacons' positions cached in the mobile device's database.

Jeffrey Hightower; Anthony Lamarca; Ian E. Smith

2006-01-01

437

THE LAB@FUTURE PROJECT \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents Lab@Future1, an advanced e-learning platform that uses novel Information and Communication Technologies to support and expand laboratory teaching practices. For this purpose, Lab@Future uses real and computer-generated objects that are interfaced using mechatronic systems, augmented reality, mobile technologies and 3D multi user environments. The main aim is to develop and demonstrate technological support for practical experiments in

Veronique Baudin; Martin Faust; Hannes Kaufmann; Vivian Litsa; Daisy Mwanza; Arnaud Pierre; Alexandra Totter

438

Governance structures in the hotel industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates alternative governance forms in the hotel industry. Agency theory maintains that the need for control over service quality, financial risk, and the market environment affect the choice of governance form. Prior agency research emphasizes alternative governance structures that principals employ, given local market conditions, agent incentives, and risk preferences. The study augments the established principal–agent perspective with

Robert Dahlstrom; Sven A. Haugland; Arne Nygaard; Aksel I. Rokkan

2009-01-01

439

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 17: The relationship between seven variables and the use of US government technical reports by US aerospace engineers and scientists  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between the use of U.S. government technical reports by U.S. aerospace engineers and scientists and seven selected sociometric variables. Data were collected by means of a self-administered mail survey which was distributed to a randomly drawn sample of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) members. Two research questions concerning the use of conference meeting papers, journal articles, in-house technical reports, and U.S. government technical reports were investigated. Relevance, technical quality, and accessibility were found to be more important determinants of the overall extent to which U.S. government technical reports and three other information products were used by U.S. aerospace engineers and scientists.

Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Kennedy, John M.; Glassman, Nanci; Demerath, Loren

1991-01-01

440

Metrology - Beyond the Calibration Lab  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We rely on data from measurements every day; a gas-pump, a speedometer, and a supermarket weight scale are just three examples of measurements we use to make decisions. We generally accept the data from these measurements as "valid." One reason we can accept the data is the "legal metrology" requirements established and regulated by the government in matters of commerce. The measurement data used by NASA, other government agencies, and industry can be critical to decisions which affect everything from economic viability, to mission success, to the security of the nation. Measurement data can even affect life and death decisions. Metrology requirements must adequately provide for risks associated with these decisions. To do this, metrology must be integrated into all aspects of an industry including research, design, testing, and product acceptance. Metrology, the science of measurement, has traditionally focused on the calibration of instruments, and although instrument calibration is vital, it is only a part of the process that assures quality in measurement data. For example, measurements made in research can influence the fundamental premises that establish the design parameters, which then flow down to the manufacturing processes, and eventually impact the final product. Because a breakdown can occur anywhere within this cycle, measurement quality assurance has to be integrated into every part of the life-cycle process starting with the basic research and ending with the final product inspection process. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the role of metrology in the various phases of a product's life-cycle. For simplicity, the cycle will be divided in four broad phases, with discussions centering on metrology within NASA. .

Mimbs, Scott M.

2008-01-01

441

Enacting inter-organizational e-government in the Mexican federal government  

Microsoft Academic Search

This poster will present the results of a research project that investigates inter-organizational e-government in the Mexican federal government. These are e-government initiatives that involve a high degree of collaboration among multiple government agencies and certain degree of information integration. Using the technology enactment framework and a multi-method approach, this study will develop and test models of how interorganizational e-government

José Ramón Gil-garcía; Luis Felipe Luna-Reyes

2006-01-01

442

Frederick National Lab: Multimedia  

Cancer.gov

Addressing the Critical Issue of Cancer The Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research is on the forefront of biomedical research to find new therapies for the treatment and prevention of cancer. Cancer is a major public health concern for the country, with one out of every two men and one out of every three women facing a diagnosis at some point in their lives.

443

The Role of Government in Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous corporate scandals in the past several years have fueled widespread debate over proposals for government action. The central challenge for government is how to restore corporate integrity and market confidence without overreacting and stifling the dynamism that underlies a strong economy. To examine this challenge, the Center for Business and Government's Regulatory Policy Program organized a conference in May

Cary Coglianese; Thomas J. Healey; Elizabeth K. Keating; Michael L. Michael

2004-01-01

444

Do More Transparent Governments Govern Better?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Islam explores the link between information flows and governance or institutional quality. Economic theory expounds on the importance of information on economic outcomes either through its direct effect on prices and quantities or through its effect on other factors such as institutions and the quality of governance. She shows that countries with better information flows also govern better. Two kinds

Roumeen Islam

2003-01-01

445

NCL Objective #6 - Nanotechnology Characterization Lab (NCL)  

Cancer.gov

The emphasis of the NCL on the many facets of cancer research enables it to serve as a nexus for transdisciplinary research, development, and clinical applications of nanotechnology. The NCL intends to provide resources, knowledge, tools and methods for cancer researchers. It does not seek to duplicate the efforts of established and emerging programs by academia, industry or government programs in nanotechnology or to intrude on the domain of other programs. Rather, it seeks to partner with these programs.

446

Probiotic Spectra of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and their probio-active cellular substances exert many beneficial effects in the gastrointestinal tract. LAB prevent adherence, establishment, and replication of several enteric mucosal pathogens through several antimicrobial mechanisms. LAB also release various enzymes into the intestinal lumen and exert potential synergistic effects on digestion and alleviate symptoms of intestinal malabsoption. Consumption of LAB fermented dairy products

A. S. Naidu; W. R. Bidlack; R. A. Clemens

1999-01-01

447

Mississippi State Physics Labs: Light-Lenses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This item is an introductory lab that explores lenses and optical images. In this lab students experiment with different kinds of lenses to investigate real and virtual images. The lab requires four lenses: +50mm, +120mm, +440mm, and -53mm. This item is part of a larger collection of online physics labs by the authors.

Ferguson, Joe; Denson, Jack

2008-07-19

448

Lunar Farside Radio Lab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is proposed that the Farside of the Moon should be protected legally against man-made radio pollution and uncontrolled exploitation. In fact, only by establishing a radiotelescope on the Farside of the Moon it will finally be possible to cope with the Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) that is now increasingly plaguing all of Radioastronomy, Bioastronomy and Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Searches done from the surface of the Earth. It is suggested to partition the Farside into 3 sectors, each 60°wide, to ensurethe creation of a future “Lunar Farside Radio Lab” inside crater Daedalus (at 180°E) with our planned Radiotelescope (in practice a Phased Array),complete freedom to exploit the Nearside as well as the four Lagrangian points L1, L3, L4 and L5 of the Earth Moon system by allowing even some International Space Stations to be located there. It is also claimed, however, thatthe “opposite” Lagrangian point L2 should possibly be kept free of spacecrafts that would flood the Farside by the RFI they produce. Realistically, it might be difficult to comply with the latter request in view of the far-future development of a Space Base located there in order to depart towards the Asteroids and the Outer Planets at very reduced fuel consumption. A more reasonable request about any future space station located at the Earth Moon L2 point is thus that this future space station should be shielded to prevent its RFI from reaching the Farside of the Moon.A number of further astrophysical, astronautical and technical issues could just be highlighted in this study and deserve much more elaboration. To mention a few:the precise size of the “Quiet Cone” extending into space above the Farside of the Moon. Also, the experimental measurement of how quiet this Cone actually is by letting a radiometer orbit the Moon (see the web site www.rli.it);the mathematical modelling of the weak ionosphere of the Moon and its possible diffraction effects at very low frequencies. In other words, exploring the radio spectrum below 15 MHz (impossible from Earth) might open up a new era in Cosmology and Astrophysics in general;last, but not the least, the political problems involved with the future international exploitation of the Moon Farside. The IISL supported this author in this regard, but much more serious action should be undertaken, especially in conjunction with the United Nations. The protection of at least part of the Farside against wild commercial and military exploitation is regarded as the #1 priority of this study.

Maccone, Claudio

2005-03-01

449

Revisiting IT Governance in the Light of Institutional Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

IT governance research has been largely normative and has provided a great deal of useful insight into what effective IT governance should be. What has received less attention is an understanding of what really happens as organizations struggle to achieve effective IT governance. We argue that the time has come to supplement the important research on what IT governance should

Dax D. Jacobson

2009-01-01

450

Painless dental laser - Keith Murry in lab  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA inventor Keith Murray checks out laser technology that promises to make painless dental lasers affordable for dentists and their patients. Developed at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va., the dual-wavelength laser can be electronically switched between the two laser frequencies important to dentists. Co-inventors of the technology are Murray, Norman Barnes, also of Langley, and Ralph Hutcheson of Scientific Materials Corp., Bozeman, Montana. The technology was originally developed for studies of atmospheric wind change. Photographed in building 1202, laser lab.

2000-01-01

451

A response to ‘Nanotechnology and the need for risk governance’, O. Renn & M.C. Roco, 2006. J. Nanoparticle Research 8(2): 153–191  

Microsoft Academic Search

Council of the Netherlands 2006). In the final chapter of this report, we argued in favour of the establish- ment of sound procedures for democratic, scientifi- cally informed, control and decision-making and independently proposed that the risk governance framework of the IRGC (Renn 2005) may serve this purpose. In this letter, we draw a comparison between the results of both

W. E. Bijker; I. D. de Beaufort; A. van den Berg; P. J. A. Borm; W. J. G. Oyen; G. T. Robillard; H. F. G. van Dijk

2007-01-01

452

An Inquiry into the Geographic Correlates of Government Arts Funding: A Research Monograph Based on the 1985 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The geographic distribution of arts funding by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) and selected state art agencies is examined in this report. Data collected from the 1985 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts was used to determine if variations in geographic participation rates help explain differences in government support of the…

Schuster, J. Mark Davidson

453

LabNotes - Nutrition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An introduction to the concepts of nutrition for middle and high school students. This is a lively, well-illustrated 16-page primer on nutrition and food science. It also includes a discussion of the changing dietary habits of Americans and the role of animals in nutrition research, as well as a full bibliography and links to other nutrition fact sites.

Dr. Leslie Nader (MSMR)

2006-10-15

454

Assessment of government tribology programs  

SciTech Connect

An assessment has been made to determine current tribology research and development work sponsored or conducted by the government. Data base surveys and discussions were conducted to isolate current projects sponsored primarily by 21 different government organizations. These projects were classified by subject, objective, energy relevance, type of research, phenomenon being investigated, variables being studied, type of motion, materials and application. An abstract of each project was prepared which included the classification, sponsor, performing organization and a project description. It was found that current work is primarily materials oriented to meet military requirements. Other than the high temperature programs very few of the tribology projects accomplish energy related objectives.

Peterson, M.B.; Levinson, T.M.

1985-09-01

455

Control in Outsourcing Relationships: Governance in Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

The outsourcing market has been growing for decades. Also the impact of IT services on the performance of business processes is still growing. Therefore the need for governance structure in outsourcing relationships is undisputed. Service recipients and service providers have sometimes difficulties to control their outsourcing relationship. This research includes an overview of IT governance frameworks and items. Our research

Erik Beulen; Pieter M. A. Ribbers

2007-01-01

456

Electronic government paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a well known fact that the core concepts and techniques of putting government on-line first emerged in the most technological advanced countries and they were the pioneers in the adoption of the Internet and the e-government has become a prominent strategy for government administrative reform and can potentially increase the quality of government services, generate financial savings, and

Cyril E. Azenabor; Charles A. Shoniregun

2008-01-01

457

The Geniverse Lab Demo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geniverse software is being developed as part of a five-year research project funded by the National Science Foundation. Still in its early stages, a Beta version of the software is currently being piloted in six schools throughout New England. We invite you to try the current Beta version, keeping in mind that you may encounter errors or pages that are not fully functional. If you encounter any problem, it may help to refresh or reload the web page.

Consortium, The C.

2011-12-11

458

Australian Governments' Entry Point  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An example of a site that is powerful in its organization of government information pointers is the National Library of Australia's recently reorganized Australian Governments' Entry Point. The Australian Governments' Entry Point has connections to commonwealth, state, and local government information, as well as judicial information. Although the information pointed to by this site is by no means new, it acts as a gateway to information at all geographical levels of government in Australia.

Australia., National L.

459

Application of process hazards management in lab-scale pilot plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers working with lab-scale pilot plants are also exposed to the hazardous material and unsafe environment. Injuries, accidents or even fatalities are often reported due to direct exposure of process hazards such as hazardous chemicals while working with the pilot plant. Even though the quantity of hazardous materials at the lab-scale pilot plant is small compared to real scale plant,

Hanida Abdul Aziz; Azmi Mohd Shariff; Mohd Rafizie Roslan

2011-01-01

460

Involvement of elderly citizens as potential end users of assistive technologies in the living lab Schwechat  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the efforts of the city of Schwechat in creating a local information society by supporting the Schwechat Living Lab for Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) technologies and services. Local authorities, social service providers, elderly persons, carers, research entities and companies have started to cooperate closely as full partners in this Living Lab in order to invent, discuss, explore,

Walter Hlauschek; Paul Panek; Wolfgang L. Zagler

2009-01-01

461

Evolving with Technology: The Changing Role of the Curriculum Lab at The University of West Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was to examine how technological advances in research affect The University of West Alabama's mission as well as its resources available to students through the curriculum lab as the lab should be an integral part of the University's offerings. Living in the age of the instant, the prevalence of information available…

Ross, Sheletha

2010-01-01

462

Picoeukaryote Identification Lab Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students learn about the molecular techniques used to study picoeukaryotes, and are led through a paper and pencil simulation of a Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) procedure performed on picoeukaryote DNA. The lesson is supported by science content found in the journal, Rising Tides, focusing on current oceanography research conducted by scientists at NASA, NOAA, NASA, and universities. Rising Tides contains articles, classroom activities, readings, teacher/student questions, imagery and more designed for the biology/environmental/earth science classroom.

463

Governing America's Schools: Changing the Rules. Report of the National Commission on Governing America's Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines governance in K-12 public education and offers two approaches for altering public-education governance. The document is a product of the National Commission on Governing America's Schools, which is a special research group comprised of school-board members, state and local superintendents, teachers, for-profit education and…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

464

LabWrite: Transforming Lab Reports from Busy Work to Meaningful Learning Opportunities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lab reports are the dreaded assignments of the laboratory course. Students dislike them, because they can be tedious and time-consuming. Instructors dislike them, because they significantly increase the grading load. For this reason, lab reports are often omitted or replaced by alternatives such as responses to lab questions, fill-in-the-blank lab manual exercises, or lab quizzes. Despite its negative associations, the lab reports can help students learn how to write scientifically using an authentic scientific writing genre that allows them to formulate hypotheses, make inferences based on findings, and develop scientific arguments--cornerstones of scientific literacy. Students are also more apt to revisit the lab procedure and reflect on the experiment when writing lab reports. Reflecting on the lab in conjunction with putting the lab in their own words provides students a very effective tool for learning the science of the lab.

Wiebe, Eric; Carter, Michael; Ferzli, Miriam

2005-11-01

465

The Mobile Math Lab Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a mobile computer lab set up in a converted bus that is used by fourth graders as part of the math curriculum. The program, which emphasizes problem solving and spatial visualization, also addresses gender differences and in-service teacher training. The physical arrangements, including provisions for computer security, are described.…

Gray, Elaine

1991-01-01

466

Physical Therapist Assistant Fitness Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colby Community College's (CCC) Fitness Lab was established to provide the Physical Therapist Assistant (PTA) Program with a learning laboratory in which students can practice classroom-acquired skills, while at the same time promoting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual well-being of CCC students and staff, and community members. A…

Backstrom, Kurt; And Others

467

A Lab for All Reasons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a demonstration science laboratory at the University of Florida. Discussed is laboratory design, including instructional space, lab stations, sink areas, safety areas, and a storage and distribution area. The impact of this type of design is cited. Diagrams and photographs are included. (CW)

Cronin-Jones, Linda L.

1990-01-01

468

Editor's Corner: National Lab Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In November 2009, President Obama helped launch National Lab Day (NLD)--an initiative that promises to become the most ambitious science-education partnership project ever in the United States. NLD is a nationwide movement to "build local communities of su

Metz, Steve

2010-04-01

469

Pre-Lab Questions: Magnetism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A series of simulation based interactive questions that were used as pre-lab questions at Kennesaw State University. The simulations in this case are based on Davidson's College Physlets. These particular questions focus on magnetism. Magnetism due to a bar magnet, a wire, a loop and a solenoid are explored.

Mzoughi, Taha

2008-07-19

470

Logistics in the Computer Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses ways to provide good computer laboratory facilities for elementary and secondary schools. Topics discussed include establishing the computer lab and selecting hardware; types of software; physical layout of the room; printers; networking possibilities; considerations relating to the physical environment; and scheduling methods. (LRW)

Cowles, Jim

1989-01-01

471

40 Low-Waste, Low-Risk Chemistry Labs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource book contains 40 chemistry labs and provides a single solution to the problems of purchase, storage, use, and disposal of chemicals. The text is designed to be used alone or integrated with current textbooks. A mixture of microchemistry and macrochemistry is used to provide variety and reflects trends in research and industry. Most…

Dougan, David

472

ANIMAL HEALTH DIAGNOSTIC LAB-LASP Prices 2013 & 2014  

Cancer.gov

06/24/14 ANIMAL HEALTH DIAGNOSTIC LAB-LASP Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research Services without a price for a given year: may not be available, the price is pending or it hasn't been selected to be displayed on the web. Service Code Service

473

Engaging with science: High school students in summer lab internships  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Years of research and rhetoric have suggested that students should be given the opportunity to work with practicing scientists as a way to develop more sophisticated ideas about the nature of science, yet little research about these experiences exists. This project uses a case study approach to examine the experience of eight high school students working part-time during one summer as research assistants in biomedical laboratories. The students completed small research studies under the supervision of scientist-mentors. This dissertation explores questions related to how these students learned to work in a lab, in what ways they grew to understand this scientific context, and how their own relationships with science changed. The goal of looking at these young adults' summer experiences in science labs is to make suggestions for three settings: programs like this one, where high school students work closely with scientists in lab settings; other programs where scientists and students work together; and science education more generally. Analysis of pre- and post-interviews with students, and extensive observations of their laboratory work, suggests that students develop new ideas about the culture of science and the day-to-day workings of the labs. These ideas hold potential power for the students, and other participants in both similar and different educational settings, as they prepare for lives as scientifically engaged adults.

Bequette, Marjorie Bullitt

474

Online Lab Books for Supervision of Project Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors report a case study where Blackboard's wiki function was used to create electronic lab books for the supervision of undergraduate students completing laboratory based research projects. This successful experiment in supervision using electronic notebooks provided a searchable record of student work and a permanent…

Badge, J. L.; Badge, R. M.

2009-01-01

475

Tombstone Weathering Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students work in groups in a cemetery to collect a quantitative and a qualitative measure of the extent of weathering of tombstones and their ages. The data are shared between all students, graphed as scatter plots, and the rate of weathering is estimated. Students write about and then discuss the results, the difference between the quantitative and qualitative measures, and speculate on factors in addition to time that may be important for weathering rate. The exercise ends with each students writing a hypothesis about a factor that influences weathering rate and describing a research project that could test that hypothesis. This activity is aimed at developing an understanding of the scatter in "real data", allowing for practice of team work, and hypothesis generation and testing. Designed for a geomorphology course Has minimal/no quantitative component

Anders, Alison

476

Lab Oversight: A Building Block of Trust  

MedlinePLUS

... of this website will be limited. Search Help? Lab Oversight: A Building Block of Trust Share this ... patient in my practice who hasn't had lab tests," says Dr. Scott Luria, an internal medicine ...

477

Environment monitoring using LabVIEW.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A system has been developed for electronically recording and monitoring temperature, humidity, and other environmental variables at the Silicon Detector Facility located in Lab D. The data is collected by LabVIEW software, which runs in the background on ...

J. Hawtree

1995-01-01

478

Government spending and intergenerational mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The standard model of intergenerational mobility suggests that holding constant endowments, investments in children's human capital increases their future income. If true, the source of the investment should not matter even though almost all research on intergenerational mobility considers only parental investment. Much government spending is intended to reduce the investment gap between rich and poor children. We assess the

Susan E. Mayer; Leonard M. Lopoo

2008-01-01

479

Governing Universities. Changing the Culture?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reports on a British research project involving a questionnaire survey of 494 university governors and a multi-site case study analysis to examine how different types of higher education institutions (especially "old" and "new" universities and colleges) converge and/or diverge in their governance styles. Chapter 1 introduces the study…

Bargh, Catherine; Scott, Peter; Smith, David

480

Designing a Geoengineering Governance Regime  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is one chapter of a book project in which I argue for reorienting how our legal institutions handle emerging and potentially controversial technologies. Traditionally, government has promoted technological innovation by providing research funding, intellectual property protection, and other supportive policies. Attention to adverse effects has tended to come much later, if at all. There are two fundamental problems

Albert Lin

2012-01-01

481

Achieving the integrated and smart health and wellbeing paradigm: a call for policy research and action on governance and business models.  

PubMed

To assure sustainability of our health systems and improve quality, implementing integrated wellness, health and social care service models have been proposed. They will need the enabling power of Health ICT facilitated systems and applications. Such solutions support the efficient coordination of service provision across provider and jurisdictional boundaries, the sharing of data, information and knowledge, and the streamlining as well as individualisation of care. Achieving such change in health systems with limited resources requires refocusing the trend of medico-technical progress. Health ICT innovations must be scrutinised for their potential to indeed contribute not only to decreasing costs, but - at the same time - improving the quality of life and ability to cope with challenges like the increasing prevalence of certain chronic diseases or new expectations from healthy people and patients alike. This paper argues that decision-oriented governance models leading to focused policy interventions are needed at several levels: Governments should provide for comprehensive Health ICT infrastructures to enable provider market success. At the individual actor level, sustainable business models reflecting in their value propositions the expectations of their clients (patients and funders) need to be developed. Health policy should design intelligent reimbursement systems providing incentives to indeed optimise services. Smart health innovations should only be implemented where they help achieve the goal of increasing the productivity of health value chains and the quality of overall service delivery value systems. To assure allocational efficiency, regulatory impact analyses (RIA) can support evidence based policy making. PMID:22727880

Stroetmann, Karl A

2013-04-01

482

Laser Damage Lab  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Optical Damage Threshold Testing Instrumentation at NASA Langley Research Center. This work was sanctioned and funded by Code Q, R, & AE to develop a new standard for damage testing various types of optical materials and coatings. Laser Induced Damage Threshold (LIDT) testing is a destructive test procedure to determine the minimum applied laser energy level that will result in damage and is referred to as the damage threshold. The damage threshold is often the critical limitation in the section of optical materials for use in high-energy laser systems.The test station consists of diagnostic equipment, beam conditioning optical elements, an inspection microscope and three lasers: a high energy pulsed ND: Yag, which develops 650mJ at 10 hz and outputs three wavelengths which include 1.06m, 532nm and 355 nm; a Ti:sapphire laser which produces a continuum of laser output from 790nm to 900nm; and a alignment HeNe, which looks yellow when mixed with the 2nd harmonic ND:Yag laser. Laser sources are used to perform damage threshold testing at the specific wavelength of interest.

1993-01-01

483

Conducting Multi-paradigm Inquiry in the Study of Higher Education Organization and Governance: Transforming Research Perspectives on Colleges and Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Researchers in the field of organizational theory have begun to adopt new analytical and methodological approaches that capitalize\\u000a on the strengths of multiple social science paradigms. Rather than viewing paradigms as distinct and incommensurable domains,\\u000a organizational researchers are beginning to use multiple paradigms in the same study to form their research questions, shape\\u000a their methods, and ground their data analyses.

Adrianna Kezar; Jay R. Dee

484

Promoting Metacognition in Introductory Calculus-based Physics Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Western Washington University physics department, a project is underway to develop research-based laboratory curriculum for the introductory calculus-based course. Instructional goals not only include supporting students' conceptual understanding and reasoning ability, but also providing students with opportunities to engage in metacognition. For the latter, our approach has been to scaffold reflective thinking with guided questions. Specific instructional strategies include analysis of alternate reasoning presented in fictitious dialogues and comparison of students' initial ideas with their lab group's final, consensus understanding. Assessment of student metacognition includes pre- and post- course data from selected questions on the CLASS survey, analysis of written lab worksheets, and student opinion surveys. CLASS results are similar to a traditional physics course and analysis of lab sheets show that students struggle to engage in a metacognitive process. Future directions include video studies, as well as use of additional written assessments adapted from educational psychology.

Grennell, Drew; Boudreaux, Andrew

2010-10-01

485

Transforming the advanced lab: Part I - Learning goals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Within the physics education research community relatively little attention has been given to laboratory courses, especially at the upper-division undergraduate level. As part of transforming our senior-level Optics and Modern Physics Lab at the University of Colorado Boulder we are developing learning goals, revising curricula, and creating assessments. In this paper, we report on the establishment of our learning goals and a surrounding framework that have emerged from discussions with a wide variety of faculty, from a review of the literature on labs, and from identifying the goals of existing lab courses. Our goals go beyond those of specific physics content and apparatus, allowing instructors to personalize them to their contexts. We report on four broad themes and associated learning goals: Modeling (math-physics-data connection, statistical error analysis, systematic error, modeling of engineered "black boxes"), Design (of experiments, apparatus, programs, troubleshooting), Communication, and Technical Lab Skills (computer-aided data analysis, LabVIEW, test and measurement equipment).

Zwickl, Benjamin M.; Finkelstein, Noah D.; Lewandowski, H. J.

2012-04-26

486

The Development of MSFC Usability Lab  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This conference poster reviews the development of the usability lab at Marshall Space Flight Center. The purpose of the lab was to integrate a fully functioning usability laboratory to provide a resource for future human factor assessments. and to implement preliminary usability testing on a MSFC website to validate the functionality of the lab.

Cheng, Yiwei; Richardson, Sally

2010-01-01

487

Jefferson Lab Hands-on Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These are some of the hands-on activities used in Jefferson Lab's BEAMS program. In BEAMS, classes of 6th, 7th and 8th grade students are exposed to the Lab's scientific environment. For five consecutive days during school hours, classes of 6th grade students and their teachers participate in these science and math activities conducted with Jefferson Lab staff.

Education, Thomas J.

488

First results on GlioLab/GlioSat Precursors Missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 2009 GAUSS group is involved in a joint collaboration with Morehead State University (MSU) Space Science Center and IRCCS Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza (CSS) research labs with the aim to design a biomedical project in order to investigate if the combined effects of microgravity conditions and ionizing radiation increase or decrease the survival rate of cancer cells. The biological sample consists of Glioblastoma cancer cell line ANGM-CSS. Glioblastoma is a kind of cancer that can be treated after surgery only by radiotherapy using ionizing radiation. This treatment, anyway, results in a very low survival rate. This project uses different university space platforms: a CubeLab, named GlioLab, on board the International Space Station and the university microsatellite UniSat-5 designed by GAUSS. In addition a GlioLab/GlioSat precursor experiment has already flown two times with the Space Shuttle during the missions STS-134 and STS-135. The phase 0 or the precursor of GlioLab uses a COTS system, named Liquid Mixing Apparatus (LMA), to board the biological samples inside the Space Shuttle for thirty day . The LMA allows to board liquids inside a vial but is not equipped with environment control system. After landing the samples were investigated by researchers at CSS in Italy and at MSU in Kentucky. This paper deals with the experimental set up and the results obtained during the STS-134 and STS-135 missions and with the new evidences on the behavior of this kind of cancer. In particular the results obtained on the DNA analysis give a confirmation of the original idea of GLioLab/Gliosat project justifying the development of the two systems.

Cappelletti, Chantal; Notarangelo, Angelo; Demoss, Darrin; Carella, Massimo

2012-07-01

489

Some perspectives on research into the biological response to non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation. [relation to SETI, SPS, and other government projects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research on the biological effects of RF radiation in the United States has undergone a series of swings during the last three decades. The resurgence of research during the past decade is examined in the light of two projects: the proposed Space Power Station and SETI.

Sharp, J. C.

1979-01-01

490

Metropolitan Governance and Administration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A discussion on intergovernmental service agreements, functional transfers, and the modernization of county governments is presented. The use of formal and informal intergovernmental service agreements by local governments for the provision of services to...

J. F. Zimmerman

1976-01-01

491

Library Research and Statistics. Research on Libraries and Librarianship in 2002; Number of Libraries in the United States and Canada; Highlights of NCES Surveys; Library Acquisition Expenditures, 2001-2002: U.S. Public, Academic, Special, and Government Libraries; LJ Budget Report: A Precarious Holding Pattern; Price Indexes for Public and Academic Libraries; Library Buildings 2002: The Building Buck Doesn't Stop Here.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes seven reports that discuss research on libraries and librarianship, including academic, public, and school libraries; awards and grants; number of libraries in the United States and Canada; National Center for Education Statistics results; library expenditures for public, academic, special, and government libraries; library budgets; price…

Lynch, Mary Jo; Oder, Norman; Halstead, Kent; Fox, Bette-Lee

2003-01-01

492

Brazilian Government Document Digitization Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Latin American Microfilm Project (LAMP) at the Center for Research Libraries (CRL) has "digitize[d] executive branch serial documents issued by Brazil's national government during the period between 1821 and 1993," as well as provincial government documents from the "the end of the Empire to 1889." The documents are arranged in four collections: Provincial Presidential Reports, 1830-1960; Presidential Messages, 1889-1993; Ministerial Reports, 1821-1960; and Almanak Administrativo, Mercantil e Industrial do Rio de Janeiro, 1844-1889. The digitized documents, created from microfilm copies of the originals, are presented in both .gif and .tif formats.

493

Governance in Strategic Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter begins with a retrospective look at governance in community colleges based on a working understanding of governance as a correlate of decision making. In its simplest form, governance is "a process for distributing authority, power, and influence in decision making among constituencies" (Alfred and Smydra, 1985, pp. 201-202). What…

Alfred, Richard L.

2008-01-01

494

Corporate governance and disappointment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper raises fundamental questions about the political and economic conditions and consequences of UK and US corporate governance. It does so by locating corporate governance in present day capitalism. Politically, the rise of governance since the early 1990s is part of a more general discursive attempt to combine neoliberalism with social responsibility, which works in the specific case of

Ismail Erturk; Julie Froud; Sukhdev Johal; Karel Williams

2004-01-01

495

LACC Shared Governance Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document discusses Los Angeles City College's (LACC) (California) Shared Governance Model. In response to California Assembly Bill 1725, LACC set forth a plan to implement the statutory requirements of shared governance. Shared governance is a concept grounded in the idea that decision-making is a process that affects the entire campus…

Spangler, Mary

496

Modelling University Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twentieth century governance models used in public universities are subject to increasing doubt across the English-speaking world. Governments question if public universities are being efficiently governed; if their boards of trustees are adequately fulfilling their trust obligations towards multiple stakeholders; and if collegial models of…

Trakman, Leon

2008-01-01

497

Ejs Intro Mechanics Lab Package  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Introductory Physics Lab package contains Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) models used in Introductory Physics Laboratories which ask students to develop a series of models for simple mechanical systems. Ejs, a part of the Open Source Physics Project, is designed to make it easier to access, modify and generate computer models. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double-clicking the ejs_intro_lab.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. In order to modify the simulations (and see how they are designed), if you have Ejs installed, you can right-click within the simulation window and select Open Ejs Model from the pop-up menu. Information about Ejs (Easy Java Simulations) is available at: http://www.um.es/fem/Ejs/. Additional models (including independent copies of each of the exercises contained in this package) can be found by searching ComPADRE for Ejs.

Cox, Anne; Christian, Wolfgang; Belloni, Mario

2008-06-03

498

Better Batteries for Transportation: Behind the Scenes @ Berkeley Lab  

SciTech Connect

Vince Battaglia leads a behind-the-scenes tour of Berkeley Lab's BATT, the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies Program he leads, where researchers aim to improve batteries upon which the range, efficiency, and power of tomorrow's electric cars will depend. This is the first in a forthcoming series of videos taking viewers into the laboratories and research facilities that members of the public rarely get to see.

Battaglia, Vince

2011-01-01

499

Better Batteries for Transportation: Behind the Scenes @ Berkeley Lab  

ScienceCinema

Vince Battaglia leads a behind-the-scenes tour of Berkeley Lab's BATT, the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies Program he leads, where researchers aim to improve batteries upon which the range, efficiency, and power of tomorrow's electric cars will depend. This is the first in a forthcoming series of videos taking viewers into the laboratories and research facilities that members of the public rarely get to see.

500

Between the waves: Harvard Pigeon Lab 1955-1960.  

PubMed Central

Six or more graduate students were active in and around the Pigeon Lab in the spring of 1955 and also in 1960, but when I arrived it the fall of 1955 there were none. Looking back in 2001 at that period I can appreciate the unique opportunity for research that I had, as well as the exceptional and productive groups of graduate students who had recently finished their study and research and those who would carry on the tradition of excellence.

Gollub, Lewis R

2002-01-01