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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Nanotechnology Research Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site has a list of links to various nano research labs. The first section of links includes academic, government and corporate labs, which do research but do not make their facilities available to outside researchers. The second set of links includes labs that accept outside researchers, such as the National Institute of Standards.

2013-07-12

2

The benefits of integrated systems for managing both samples and experimental data: An opportunity for labs in universities and government research institutions to lead the way  

PubMed Central

Currently most biomedical labs in universities and government funded research institutions use paper lab notebooks for recording experimental data and spreadsheets for managing sample data. One consequence is that sample management and documenting experiments are viewed as separate and distinct activities, notwithstanding that samples and aliquots are an integral part of a majority of the experiments carried out by these labs. Various drivers are pushing labs towards integrated management of sample data and experimental data. These include the ever increasing amounts of both kinds of data, the increasing adoption of online collaborative tools, changing expectations about online communication, and the increasing affordability of electronic lab notebooks and sample management software. There is now an opportunity for smaller labs, which have been slow to move from paper to electronic record keeping, to leapfrog better resourced commercial labs and lead the way in adopting the new generation of tools which permit integrated management of samples and experimental data and a range of tangible benefits to conducting research, including: 1. Fewer lost and mislabelled samples 2. Clearer visualization of relationships between samples and experiments 3. Reduction of experimental error 4. More effective search 5. Productivity gains 6. More efficient use of freezers, leading to cost reduction and enhanced sustainability 7. Improved archiving and enhanced memory at the lab and institutional levels

2011-01-01

3

Nomadic Research Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nomadic Research Labs is a small enterprise devoted to the pursuit of nomadness. It was created by Steve Roberts who has been a technomad for the past 11 years, wandering 17,000 miles around the U.S. on various versions of a computerized recumbent bicycle known first as the Winnebiko and then BEHEMOTH. The Web site offers extensive information about BEHEMOTH and its travels and the ongoing development of Microship which holds a satellite Internet connection, two Macs, onboard video production capability and more. You can also find extensive information about the growing field of technomadics -- the use of nomadic connectivity and autonomous power/control tools to render one's physical location irrelevant.

4

Dexloxiglumide Rotta Research Lab.  

PubMed

Dexloxiglumide, the (R)-isomer of loxiglumide, is a selective and highly potent CCK1 receptor antagonist. It is twice as potent as the racemic compound. because the anti-CCK activity is specific to the (R)-form, whereas the (S)-isomer is almost ineffective. It has been developed by Rotta Research Lab SpA for the treatment of diseases in which CCK1 receptor activity is potentially involved, including gastrointestinal motility, food intake and pancreatic disorders [218696]. Its receptor-mediated actions have been described in multiple in vitro and in vivo pharmacological systems. Results from both preclinical and clinical studies indicate that it is an effective inhibitor of gallbladder contraction, improves lower esophegal sphincter (LES) function, accelerates gastric emptying, accelerates colonic transit and significantly decreases symptoms in IBS and functional dyspepsia patients, and therefore has potential as an effective treatment for constipation-predominant IBS. functional dyspesia, constipation, LES function, gastric emptying disorders and biliary colics. Forest Laboratories has entered into an agreement with Rotta for the development and marketing of dexloxiglumide for the treatment of constipation-predominant IBS and phase III studies are currently ongoing in the US. In August 2000, Merrill Lynch expected that dexloxiglumide would not be launched until 2004 [379892], and in June 2001, predicted a US filing date in 2003 [413928]. PMID:12090734

Varga, Gábor

2002-04-01

5

Research Perspectives at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The plans for upgrading the CEBAF accelerator at Jefferson Lab to 12 GeV are presented. The research program supporting that upgrade is illustrated with a few selected examples. The instrumentation under design to carry out that research program is discussed.

Kees de Jager

2005-06-05

6

AT&T Labs Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The AT&T Labs organization constitutes one of the most celebrated research groups in the world. The group is willing to share some of its findings through this fine website and visitors with a penchant for technological innovation will find much to enjoy here. The site includes a variety of featured stories, videos, projects, and papers. Of note is âÂÂTech View: Technology for Making TV Viewing Easy,â an article on voice activated remote controls. Visitors can sign up for updates and also read the "Profiles in Innovation" series, which looks at different researchers and their work at the Labs. Finally, visitors shouldn't miss the "Human-Computer Interaction" blog, authored by researcher Lana Yarosh.

7

IBM Almaden's user sciences & experience research lab  

Microsoft Academic Search

The IBM research division is roughly 3,000 people strong, located at 8 sites worldwide. This paper outlines the history and work of the User Sciences & Experience Research (USER) lab at IBM's Almaden Research Center in Silicon Valley. The USER lab has long been the focus for a number of pivotal developments in input devices for IBM personal computers. More

Daniel M. Russell; Steve B. Cousins

2004-01-01

8

Frederick National Lab: Research Donor Program (RDP)  

Cancer.gov

The Research Donor Program (RDP) serves as a central repository for the collection and distribution of whole blood samples from healthy volunteers to the Frederick National Lab Investigators for in vitro research use. Approved projects can obtain timely and inexpensive samples through OHS. Employees of the Frederick National Lab and Fort Detrick community may volunteer to be donors. Monetary compensation is provided for donor participation. The program is administered by Occupational Health Services.

9

The Lab: Avoiding Research Misconduct  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An interactive movie about a case of research misconduct where the viewer can become one of four lead characters - a graduate student, postdoctoral researcher, principal investigator, or research investigator - and make decisions about research integrity. The topics covered in this interactive scenario include avoiding research misconduct, mentorship responsibilities, handling of data, responsible authorship, and questionable research practices. A facilitator's guide is included in conjunction with this interactive movie.

2011-02-18

10

Behavioral Research: A Government Pawn.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the systemic and philosophical problems surrounding government funding for behavioral research. Discusses the relationship between Congress and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), lists specific requests to NIH, and prognosticates the future of behavioral-research funding. (EMK)|

Garic, John M.

1996-01-01

11

Transducer research at Bell Labs until 1975  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transducer work in the Acoustics Research Department of Bell Labs from about 1960 to 1975 was focussed on electret-based devices. The first such systems were electret headphones which demonstrated the usefulness of this principle in the sense that no dc-bias was required and that the systems were very sensitive, of high quality, and of simple design. This was followed by

Gerhard M. Sessler

2001-01-01

12

Instrumentation and Equipment for Three Independent Research Labs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Completed in 2011, Albright's new Science Center includes three independent student and faculty research labs in Biology, Chemistry\\/Biochemistry, and Physics (separate from teaching labs). Providing independent research facilities, they eliminate disruptions in classrooms and teaching labs, encourage and accommodate increased student interest, and stimulate advanced research. The DOE grant of $369,943 enabled Albright to equip these advanced labs for 21st

Darlene Roth

2012-01-01

13

Education Research and Government Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The accomplishments of education research are many, and they are leaving an indelible imprint on the shape and character of American education. The role of the federal government in education is one of leadership and financial and technical assistance to the states or to individual school districts or higher education institutions. The birth of…

Bell, T. H.

14

A living lab research approach for mobile TV  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more, a user centered approach is adopted for information and communication technologies (ICT) innovation research. One of the recently emerging concepts within this research tradition is the so called 'living lab'. A notable example of ICT innovations is the convergence of mobile telephones and television into mobile television. Within this paper, we contend that the living lab concept

Dimitri Schuurman; Tom Evens; Lieven De Marez

2009-01-01

15

The UTPB computer science research lab: running on student power  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Texas of the Permian Basin (UTPB) is a small university of approximately 3,300 students. The Computer Science Research Lab at UTPB was founded by a federal grant from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and consists of both Windows and UNIX networks as well as a Linux Cluster and Lego Robots. The lab is used by

Cherry Keahey Owen; Doug Hale; Ilhyun Lee; Haesun K. Lee

2006-01-01

16

Transducer research at Bell Labs until 1975  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transducer work in the Acoustics Research Department of Bell Labs from about 1960 to 1975 was focussed on electret-based devices. The first such systems were electret headphones which demonstrated the usefulness of this principle in the sense that no dc-bias was required and that the systems were very sensitive, of high quality, and of simple design. This was followed by the invention of the foil-electret microphone in 1962. Initially, these transducers had polyester electrets which, after a thermal charging procedure, kept their charge only for periods of the order of several months. A search for more stable electrets resulted in 1964 in the discovery of fluoroethylenepropylene as a superior material with time constants of the charge decay of hundreds of years under normal environmental conditions. This electret material is still in use in today's transducers. Subsequent activities were directed toward a better understanding of the solid-state properties of these materials. This included, among others, studies of thermally stimulated processes, irradiation effects, and new charging techniques. Later work on transducers centered on the design and characterization of directional microphones, microphone arrays, ultrasonic transducers, touch pads, and other devices useful in telecommunications.

Sessler, Gerhard M.

2001-05-01

17

Academic research and government policy on terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1968 international terrorism has grown considerably, despite governments’ effort to curb it. Part of this failure is attributable to the inadequate contribution of academic research to government policy making on terrorism. The paper identifies three problem areas that hinder academic influence on government policy making in this field. These are: (1) Terrorism is a difficult subject for research because

Ariel Merari

1991-01-01

18

Transnational Digital Government Research: Project Highlights  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transnational digital government relies on collabor ative government processes that use information technology to address problems of regional or global nature. The broad co ntext of the research done in this project is the ongoing proces s of transnational counter-narcotics cooperation among a ll Western Hemisphere governments whose goal is to reduce illi cit drug production, traffic and consumption. The

José A. B. Fortes

2004-01-01

19

Transnational digital government research project highlights  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transnational digital government relies on collaborative government processes that use information technology to address problems of regional or global nature. The broad context of the research done in this project is the ongoing process of transnational counter-narcotics cooperation among all Western Hemisphere governments whose goal is to reduce illicit drug production, traffic and consumption. The process is coordinated by CICAD

José A. B. Fortes

2005-01-01

20

The Neverending Flame An Ethical Debate on Lab Animal Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lab animal research is a moral and ethical issue th at forms a picket fence between humankind alike. It plays a crucial role in the dev elopment of theory and research in all aspects of medicine and psychology. The AVMA (American Veterinary Medical Association) and APA (American Psychological Association) recognize that animals play an imperative role in research testing for

Meghan Freese

21

Usability Research in the Writing Lab: Sustaining Discourse and Pedagogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Redesigning Purdue's Online Writing Lab (OWL) presented the opportunity for collaboration among Writing Center and Professional Writing Program members. While the article briefly describes the OWL redesign process, the argument focuses on collaboration and presents a model for sustainable intraprogram collaboration. Following Hawhee, usability research is defined as “invention-in-the-middle,” which offers a model for understanding research process as part of

Michael J. Salvo; Jingfang Ren; H. Allen Brizee; Tammy S. Conard-Salvo

2009-01-01

22

Roadmapping Future E-Government Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Global electronic markets, virtual organisations, virtual identities, virtual products and services, and Internet-related crime are growing in prominence and importance. In a world that is increasingly non-physical and borderless, what are government's roles, responsibilities and limitations? The Internet plays a central role within the transformation process from traditional governments towards modern and innovative government that the requirements of an Information Society. Based on the findings of the eGovRTD2020 project, that aims at identifying key research challenges and at implementing a model for a holistic government with horizon 2020, this paper explains the necessity to investigate and understand the Internet and in particular government's role and responsibilities in it. Furthermore, the paper provides a research roadmap that details how to address certain issue related research questions.

Bicking, Melanie

23

Instrumentation and Equipment for Three Independent Research Labs  

SciTech Connect

Completed in 2011, Albright's new Science Center includes three independent student and faculty research labs in Biology, Chemistry/Biochemistry, and Physics (separate from teaching labs). Providing independent research facilities, they eliminate disruptions in classrooms and teaching labs, encourage and accommodate increased student interest, and stimulate advanced research. The DOE grant of $369,943 enabled Albright to equip these advanced labs for 21st century science research, with much instrumentation shared among departments. The specialty labs will enable Albright to expand its student-faculty research program to meet growing interest, help attract superior science students, maximize faculty expertise, and continue exceeding its already high rates of acceptance for students applying for postgraduate education or pharmaceutical research positions. Biology instrumentation/equipment supports coursework and independent and collaborative research by students and faculty. The digital shaker, CO{sub 2} and water bath incubators (for controlled cell growth), balance, and micropipettes support cellular biology research in the advanced cell biology course and student-faculty research into heavy metal induction of heat shock proteins in cultured mammalian cells and the development of PCR markers from different populations of the native tree, Franklinia. The gravity convection oven and lyophilizer support research into physical and chemical analysis of floodplain sediments used in assessment of riparian restoration efforts. The Bio-Rad thermocycler permits fast and accurate DNA amplification as part of research into genetic diversity in small mammal populations and how those populations are affected by land-use practices and environmental management. The Millipore water deionizing system and glassware washer provide general support of the independent research lab and ensure quality control of coursework and interdisciplinary research at the intersection of biology, chemistry, and toxicology. Grant purchases support faculty and students working in the areas of plant cellular biology, landscape ecology and wildlife management, wetland restoration, and ecotoxicology of aquatic invertebrates. Chemistry/BioChemistry instrumentation supports a wide range of research and teaching needs. The Dell quad core Xeon processors and Gaussian 09 support computational research efforts of two of our faculty. The computational work of one of these groups is part of close collaboration with one organic chemist and provides support info for the synthetic work of this professor and his students. Computational chemistry studies were also introduced into the physical chemistry laboratory course for junior chemistry concentrators. The AKTA plus system and superdex columns, Thermoscientific Sorvall RC-6 plus superspeed centrifuge, Nanodrop spectrometer, Eppendorf microfuge, Homogenizer and Pipetman pipetters were incorporated into a research project involving purification and characterization of a construct of beta 2-microglobulin by one of our biochemists. The vacuum system (glove box, stand, and pump) makes a significant contribution to the research of our inorganic chemist, the newest department member, working on research projects with four students. The glove box provides the means to carry out their synthetic work in an oxygenless atmosphere. Supporting basic research pursued by faculty and students, the remaining items (refrigerator/freezer units for flammable storage, freezer, refrigerated water bath, rotary evaporator system, vacuum oven, analytical and top-loading balances) were distributed between our biochemistry and chemistry research labs. The Nanodrop spectrometer, Sorvall centrifuge, and rotary evaporator system are used in several junior/senior lab courses in both biochemistry and chemistry. To date, 14 undergraduate research students have been involved in projects using the new instrumentation and equipment provided by this grant. Physics equipment acquired is radically transforming Albright research and teaching capabilities. The tw

Darlene Roth

2012-03-29

24

State of Art of LaB6 Research, 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An overview of present understanding of physics in LaB6 is given: Band-structure in bulk and on surface, phonon modes, emission characteristics, surface stability and fabrication methods are touched upon. No attempt at an in-depth correlation of research ...

H. Kanter N. M. Mendoza A. B. Chase

1979-01-01

25

A Research Configuration for a Digital Network Forensic Lab  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. The digital forensic network lab is implemented with the goal of providing all students and faculty with a configurable research environment ideally suited for conducting network forensic testing on all TCP\\/IP network protocols passing through it. Of particular interest are protocols that are commonly used for file sharing, message passing, and those that actively obfuscate or

Jeffrey S. Marean; Mike Losavio; Ibrahim N. Imam

2008-01-01

26

The Space Science Lab: High School Student Solar Research Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native American, Hispanic, African American, and other underrepresented high school students in rural Western North Carolina have the unprecedented opportunity as researchers in the Space Science Lab to conduct visible and radio observations of the Sun. The program involves 90 students over a three year period. The primary goal is to reach students who otherwise would not have this opportunity,

Michael W. Castelaz; C. Whitworth; B. Harris; C. David

2007-01-01

27

The Research Lab: a Chilly Place for Graduate Women  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ph.D.'s in most graduate science programs require that graduate students spend large amounts of time conducting research in science laboratories. As a result, the environment in the research lab is key to the success or failure of graduate students, particularly women. This article is a case study of two graduate women in a chemistry department at a large research university. In-depth interviews, field notes from a support group for graduate women in science, and departmental records were used to examine the relationship between key factors of their work environment and the high attrition rate of graduate women in the department. Analyses of the data indicated that the social climate in the research lab, shaped by the attitudes and behaviors of the women's male colleagues and/or research advisors, created a - chilly place - for the female graduate students.

Ferreira, Maria M.

28

NCI at Frederick: Frederick National Lab Research  

Cancer.gov

The ATRF will house relocated laboratories of the Advanced Technology Program and the Biopharmaceutical Development Program as well as laboratories of the Center for Cancer Research. Space dedicated to accommodate co-location partnerships is located throughout the three floors of the new facility.

29

Cyberinfrastructure to Support Collaborative Research Within Small Ecology Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasingly, ecological research programs addressing complex challenges are driving technological innovations that allow the acquisition and analysis of data collected over larger spatial scales and finer temporal resolutions. Many research labs are shifting from deploying technicians or students into the field to setting up automated sensors. These sensors can cost less on an individual basis, provide continuous and reliable data collection, and allow researchers to spend more time analyzing data and testing hypotheses. They can provide an enormous amount of complex information about an ecosystem. However, the effort to manage, analyze, and disseminate that information can be daunting. Small labs unfamiliar with these efforts may find their capacity to publish at competitive rates hindered by information management. Such labs would be well served by an easy to manage cyberinfrastructure (CI) that is organized in a modular, plug-and-play design and is amenable to a wide variety of data types. Its functionality would permit addition of new sensors and perform automated data analysis and visualization. Such a system would conceivably enhance access to data from small labs through web services, thereby improving the representation of smaller labs in scientific syntheses and enhancing the spatial and temporal coverage of such efforts. We present a CI that is designed to meet the needs of a small but heavily instrumented research site located within the USDA ARS Jornada Experimental Range in the northern Chihuahuan Desert. This site was constructed and is operated by the Systems Ecology Lab at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), a relatively small and young lab. Researchers at the site study land-atmosphere carbon, water, and energy fluxes at a mixed creosote (Larrea tridentata) - mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) shrubland. The site includes an eddy covariance tower built to AmeriFlux and FLUXNET specifications, a robotic cart that measures hyperspectral reflectance from a fixed rail system, an 8-node network of SpecNet phenostations, phenology cameras, and transects where the phenology of key plant species are monitored. In all, this single research site has continuous data streams from >80 sensors in addition to traditional field work. Pressures to integrate and synthesize data across platforms, carry over 'corporate memory' between graduate students, and publish results in a timely fashion make automated data documentation and management systems appealing. The CI currently under collaborative development with UTEP's CyberShare Center of Excellence aids researchers with a visually appealing website featuring a dynamic mapping application, data search and display tools, and interfaces to backend databases and in-house developed provenance-tracking modules. We provide an overview of this CI with live demonstrations of the various tools that comprise it. Surveys on potential user preferences and ideas will also be circulated to conduct research on the CI and informatics needs of other small ecological research labs to aid module development and prioritization.

Laney, C.; Jaimes, A.; Cody, R. P.; Kassin, A.; Salayandia, L.; Tweedie, C. E.

2011-12-01

30

Images for insight: From the research lab to the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

VISUALIZATION FOR EDUCATION cuts across disciplines and across educational levels with many exciting possibilities emerging.\\u000a In this paper, I express the importance of bringing research visualization tools into classrooms and academic labs. To support\\u000a points, I use illustrations from The University of Iowa resources and activities and from national curricula innovations sponsored\\u000a by ACM SIGGRAPH (Association for Computing Machinery’s Special

Judith Brown

1991-01-01

31

StreamLab Collaboratory: Experiments, data sets, and research synthesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A series of community-led, large-scale laboratory experiments, termed "StreamLab", were performed by the National Center for Earth-surface Dynamics (NCED) with the purpose of advancing multidisciplinary research, education, and knowledge transfer at the interface of physical/chemical/biological processes in streams, science-based stream restoration practice, and environmental sensing technologies. Two series of experiments, StreamLab06 and StreamLab08, were conducted in the Main Channel of the St. Anthony Falls Laboratory at the University of Minnesota, a flume 84 m long and 2.75 m wide with water fed by the Mississippi River at a rate of up to 8.5 m3/s. The purpose of this paper is to share with the broader community the data collected with the hope of stimulating further analysis and future experimental campaigns toward advancing our predictive understanding of the physical, chemical, and biological processes in streams. Toward this end, a brief summary of the results to date is included and some ideas for further research are provided.

Singh, Arvind; Czuba, Jonathan A.; Foufoula-Georgiou, Efi; Marr, Jeffrey D. G.; Hill, Craig; Johnson, Sara; Ellis, Chris; Mullin, James; Orr, Cailin H.; Wilcock, Peter R.; Hondzo, Miki; Paola, Chris

2013-03-01

32

Student Understanding Difficulties Research-based on Conceptual and Numerical Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most of students come to introductory physics courses with a wrong idea about the way the world works. A set of research-based labs designed to confront these wrong student ideas in a conceptual context would help to asses their performance in the numerical session of the second part of the same physcs lab Results will be shown to measure the efficiency of the this learning technique through the comparison the the result of tye first part of the lab (based on a conceptual perspective) to the result of the second part of the same lab (based on a numerical perspective).

Flores, Sergio

2006-12-01

33

Grid-based e-Labs for Pre-College Research in Physics and Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

e-Labs are Grid-enabled collaborative research environments which make data and analysis tools from large scientific collaborations available for pre-college science research. Guided-inquiry pedagogy underlies a workflow consisting of a series of performance milestones and associated resources, providing assistance for students in climbing the learning curve so as to query data, publish studies and interact with readers in the e-Lab. Teacher pages are available to help them use e-Labs in their classrooms. Currently three e-Labs--using data from the QuarkNet/WALTA Cosmic Ray collaboration, the CMS test beam, and the environmental sensing monitors from LIGO-Hanford--are currently deployed in production or testing runs. Students at Saint Joseph’s High School in South Bend, IN are extending the e-Lab pedagogy to astronomy using data from the National Optical Astronomy Observatory’s TLRBSE research projects, as well as data from the Spitzer Space Telescope under the NOAO/NASA Spitzer Research Teacher program. The prospects of developing and employing e-Labs to facilitate high school student research using data from virtual observatories will be discussed. e-Labs are being developed under the NSF-supported Interactions in Understanding the Universe (I2U2) program. (This presentation is sponsored by AAPT member Beth Marchant.)

Loughran, Thomas J.

2006-12-01

34

Government Policy and Research Higher Degree Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Just over a decade ago, the Australian Government introduced funding mechanisms which aimed at reducing doctoral candidates' attrition rate and completion times, and increasing reported student satisfaction. Publicly available documents from six universities of three different classifications of universities in five Australian states were…

Kiley, Margaret

2011-01-01

35

A holistic model of corporate governance: a new research framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a new model of corporate governance that is holistic – incorporating internal and macro perspectives across legal, regulatory, sociological, ethical, human resource management, behavioural and corporate strategic frameworks. Researchers have signalled the need for “new theoretical perspectives and new models of governance” due to a dearth of research that is

Suzanne Young; Vijaya Thyil

2008-01-01

36

Government: Senate Generous on Agency Research Budgets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is the senate's 1981 research and development appropriations. The senate has approved research funding levels higher than both the amount requested by the House and the Administration except in the case of the Environmental Protection Agency. Research agencies discussed are NASA, Energy, NSF, Commerce, and ERA. (Author/DS)

Long, Janice

1980-01-01

37

Research governance delays for a multicentre non-interventional study  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives To evaluate the delay in research governance approval for a non-interventional, multicentre study in the United Kingdom. Design The times taken from application to the granting of research governance approval for an observational study of childhood stroke with ethical approval were prospectively recorded. Setting Ninety-two acute NHS Trusts in the United Kingdom. Main outcome measures Median delay (in working days) between application and research governance approval. Results The median delay between application and research governance approval was 43 working days (interquartile range 27–62, range 0–147). The reason for delay beyond 43 working days was inexplicable in 30 (70%) of 44 trusts. Conclusions There is considerable variation in the processes undertaken by research and development departments that can lead to significant delays in commencing an ethically approved study. Any improvements to the systems for gaining approval are welcome.

Mallick, Andrew A; O'Callaghan, Finbar JK

2009-01-01

38

Performance-Based Pay in the Federal Government. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Performance-Based Pay in the Federal Government"--a paper presented at the February 2008 National Center on Performance Incentives research to policy conference--Steve Nelson discusses the evolution of employee pay systems in the federal government, from the inception of the General Schedule to continuing interest in creating more…

National Center on Performance Incentives, 2008

2008-01-01

39

Planning Space for the Government Documents Collection in Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarizes views of government documents librarians interviewed during visits to 17 large research libraries throughout the United States in 1977. Information was gathered to alert the prospective planner of new or remodeled libraries to the special characteristics and problems of government documents collections and some alternative…

Reynolds, Catherine J.

40

Transducer research at Bell Labs 1975 and beyond  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Condenser microphones, invented at Bell Labs by E. C. Wente and reported in the literature in 1917, are well known for their flat frequency and phase response over a broad range, which make them useful whenever high-quality sound measurements or recordings are required. Two drawbacks, the required high-dc bias and the cost of construction, prevent them from being applied in commercial products such as communication devices, toys, hearing aids, and sound-recording devices. The electret condenser microphone (ECM) eliminates both of the above drawbacks by replacing the needed dc bias with a thin polymer film that is given a permanent charge, the electrical analog of a permanent magnet. Cost of construction is reduced mainly because there is no need to guard against high-voltage breakdown. This technology enables the construction of one- and two-dimensional arrays and up to third-order differential systems for both near- and far-field applications. ECMs are also pliable to most any shape or size, so the construction of continuous strip arrays, transducers for cardiovascular monitoring, MEMS devices, and touch sensors becomes practical. We will discuss some of the experimental systems developed at Bell Labs.

West, James E.; Busch-Vishniac, Ilene

2001-05-01

41

The Roles of Government and Families: New Research Needed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Home economists must examine the turf, the rules, and the players in the highly complex problem of defining government and family roles as they affect each other. More research in this field must be supported. (Author)|

Christner, Anne M.

1982-01-01

42

Government Subsidized Academic Research: Economic and Ethical Conflicts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Justification for public funding of academic research is based on the linear model of technological advance first proposed by Francis Bacon. The model hypothesizes that government subsidized science generates new technology which creates new wealth. Mainstream economics supports Bacon’s model by arguing that academic research is a “public good.” The Bayh–Dole Act allows universities to privatize federally funded research and

Michael Devaney

2004-01-01

43

Suggested drilling research tasks for the Federal Government  

SciTech Connect

A brief summary discussion of drilling, drilling research and the role of the government in drilling research is presented. Specific research and development areas recommended for federal consideration are listed. The technical nature of the identified tasks is emphasized. The Appendices present the factual basis for the discussion and recommendations. Numerous references are noted in the Appendices.

Carson, C.C.

1984-04-01

44

National Conference on Digital Government Research (DG.o2003)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is home to the 2003 National Conference on Digital Government Research. Held in May 2003, the event brought together "researchers in computer and social sciences, government officials and employees, representatives of industry and members of the public to investigate how computers and computer networks can improve all aspects of interaction between citizens and government." Full proceedings from the conference are available online, including nearly 50 papers, many system demonstrations, and five papers from the student session. Common themes featured in the papers and poster presentations are Internet and Web Applications, Accessibility and Visualization, Data Sharing and Integration, and much more.

45

Governing controversial science: Lessons from stem cell research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developments in genomic science and biotechnology are creating new governance challenges concerning funding, oversight, and regulation of the underlying science and its applications. Among forms of genomics and biotechnology, human stem cell research has been one of the most controversial. It holds great promise for the development of medical therapies, but the link between human reproduction and research on embryonic

Michael Mintrom; Rebecca Bollard

2009-01-01

46

Research Using Government Data Sets: An Underutilised Resource  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of existing data for education research activities can be a valuable resource. Improvement in statistical analysis and data management and retrieval techniques, as well as access to government data bases, has expanded opportunities for researchers seeking to investigate issues that are institutional in nature, such as participation…

Knipe, Sally

2011-01-01

47

Quality in Early Years Settings: Government, Research and Practitioners' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article begins by outlining the UK Government policy context, offering a brief critique before moving on to summarise recent research into "quality" in the early years. The main body of the article locates the perspectives of early years practitioners within this context, drawing on data from an Economic and Social Research Council-funded…

Cottle, Michelle; Alexander, Elise

2012-01-01

48

New Approaches to Research on Leadership and Governance. Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses how to design useful research and scholarship on higher education governance, trusteeship, and the academic presidency, proposing radically altered decision making mechanisms and several research approaches derived from the humanities and social sciences. The paper describes the world into which today's graduates are moving,…

Kolodny, Annette

2000-01-01

49

Research Using Government Data Sets: An Underutilised Resource  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of existing data for education research activities can be a valuable resource. Improvement in statistical analysis and data management and retrieval techniques, as well as access to government data bases, has expanded opportunities for researchers seeking to investigate issues that are institutional in nature, such as participation…

Knipe, Sally

2011-01-01

50

Research issues underlying the four-lab study: integrated disinfection by-products mixtures research.  

PubMed

Chemical disinfection of drinking water is a major public health triumph of the 20th century, resulting in significant decreases in morbidity and mortality from waterborne diseases. Disinfection by-products (DBP) are chemicals formed by the reaction of oxidizing disinfectants with inorganic and organic materials in the source water. To address potential health concerns that cannot be answered directly by toxicological research on individual DBPs or defined DBP mixtures, scientists residing within the various organizations of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research and Development (the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, the National Risk Management Research Laboratory, the National Exposure Research Laboratory, and the National Center for Environmental Assessment) engaged in joint investigation of environmentally realistic complex mixtures of DBP. Research on complex mixtures of DBP is motivated by three factors: (a) DBP exposure is ubiquitous to all segments of the population; (b) some positive epidemiologic studies are suggestive of potential developmental, reproductive, or carcinogenic health effects in humans exposed to DBP; and (c) significant amounts of the material that makes up the total organic halide portion of the DBP have not been identified. The goal of the Integrated Disinfection Byproducts Mixtures Research Project (the 4Lab Study) is provision of sound, defensible, experimental data on environmentally relevant mixtures of DBP and an improved estimation of the potential health risks associated with exposure to the mixtures of DBP formed during disinfection of drinking water. A phased research plan was developed and implemented. The present series of articles provides the results from the first series of experiments. PMID:18636387

Simmons, Jane Ellen; Richardson, Susan D; Teuschler, Linda K; Miltner, Richard J; Speth, Thomas F; Schenck, Kathleen M; Hunter, E Sidney; Rice, Glenn

2008-01-01

51

Research from the bedside to the lab bench & back.  

PubMed

Transgenic mice represent a unique opportunity in biomedical research to discover the genes underlying disease and understand how manipulating the function of single genes and proteins alters physiology in a whole animal system. These advances in biomedical research may accelerate the time between when basic discoveries are made and when the research can be 'translated', that is, when the research will positively impact the lives of patients. The purpose of this article is to present some examples of promising mouse models of human diseases. PMID:22860286

White, Robert A; Silvey, Michael; Logsdon, Derek P

52

Research and Teaching: Inquiry in the Community College Biology Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A qualitative analysis of students' reactions and outcomes to a long-term inquiry experience in a freshman biology course shows positive results. Students posed research questions and designed experiments. The analysis shows that students reacted favorabl

Lunsford, Eddie

2002-12-01

53

A double-edged sword? Health research and research governance in UK primary care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary health research is becoming increasingly formalised, regulated and institutionalised. In the UK, this has manifested itself in the development of a framework for ‘governing’ health research. The framework is often presented as a neutral decision-making tool guiding elements of research (such as ethical and peer review) through formal governance processes and approval procedures. We locate the framework as emerging

Sara E. Shaw; Roland P. Petchey; Jenifer Chapman; Stephen Abbott

2009-01-01

54

Craniux: A LabVIEW-Based Modular Software Framework for Brain-Machine Interface Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents 'Craniux,' an open-access, open-source software framework for brain-machine interface (BMI) research. Developed in LabVIEW, a high-level graphical programming environment, Craniux offers both out-of-the- box functionality and a modular...

A. D. Degenhart E. C. Tyler-Kabara J. L. Collinger J. W. Kelly R. C. Ashmore

2011-01-01

55

Application of The Hydrology Lab Research Modeling System (hl-rms) For Large Headwater Catchments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Hydrology Lab (HL) of the National Weather Service Office of Hydrologic De- velopment is actively engaged in research and development into catchment modeling approaches to improve the ability to forecast river flows. Traditionally, conceptual lumped models have been used to produce operational river forecasts, and they of- ten produce reasonable results provided their parameters were calibrated properly. A common

V. Koren; M. Smith; S. Reed; Z. Zhang

2002-01-01

56

CHANGES AT THE BEE RESEARCH LAB IN BELTSVILLE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Beekeepers in the U. S. are faced with pests and diseases that challenge their ability to maintain healthy bee colonies for pollination and honey production. These stakeholders are aided by the research generated at the USDA-ARS laboratories that work on honey bees. A recent change has occurred in...

57

Chip in a lab: Microfluidics for next generation life science research.  

PubMed

Microfluidic circuits are characterized by fluidic channels and chambers with a linear dimension on the order of tens to hundreds of micrometers. Components of this size enable lab-on-a-chip technology that has much promise, for example, in the development of point-of-care diagnostics. Micro-scale fluidic circuits also yield practical, physical, and technological advantages for studying biological systems, enhancing the ability of researchers to make more precise quantitative measurements. Microfluidic technology has thus become a powerful tool in the life science research laboratory over the past decade. Here we focus on chip-in-a-lab applications of microfluidics and survey some examples of how small fluidic components have provided researchers with new tools for life science research. PMID:23460772

Streets, Aaron M; Huang, Yanyi

2013-01-31

58

Rethinking e-Government Research: The 'ideology-artefact complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present a framework for e-government research that draws heavily on Iacono and Kling’s work on computerization\\u000a movements. They build on this work by appropriating cognate studies of organizational informatics by Kling and his colleagues,\\u000a and socio-technical research in the UK. From this blend, they derive a construct, the ‘ideology-artefact complex’. Using empirical\\u000a work (including recent case studies of

Elisabeth Davenport; Keith S. Horton

2006-01-01

59

Multiple-case Study Methods in Governance-related Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relative to their single-case counterparts, multiple-case studies add observations for study, without taking the research design into more quantitative terrain. However, questions remain about the exact nature of the value that multi-case studies add to governance research. The present article addresses this gap by reviewing a sample of multiple-case study articles taken from leading public management journals and describing and

Jenny Stewart

2012-01-01

60

Connecting Lab-Based Attosecond Science with FEL research  

ScienceCinema

In the last few years laboratory-scale femtosecond laser-based research using XUV light has developed dramatically following the successful development of attosecond laser pulses by means of high-harmonic generation. Using attosecond laser pulses, studies of electron dynamics on the natural timescale that electronic processes occur in atoms, molecules and solids can be contemplated, providing unprecedented insight into the fundamental role that electrons play in photo-induced processes. In my talk I will briefly review the present status of the attosecond science research field in terms of present and foreseen capabilities, and discuss a few recent applications, including a first example of the use of attosecond laser pulses in molecular science. In addition, I will discuss very recent results of experiments where photoionization of dynamically aligned molecules is investigated using a high-harmonics XUV source. Photoionization of aligned molecules becomes all the more interesting if the experiment is performed using x-ray photons. Following the absorption of x-rays, ejected photoelectrons can be used as a probe of the (time-evolving) molecular structure, making use of intra-molecular electron diffraction. This amounts, as some have stated, to “illuminating the molecule from within”. I will present the present status of our experiments on this topic making use of the FLASH free electron laser in Hamburg. Future progress in this research field not only depends on the availability of better and more powerful light sources, but also requires sophisticated detector strategies. In my talk I will explain how we are trying to meet some of the experimental challenges by using the Medipix family of detectors, which we have already used for time- and space-resolved imaging of electrons and ions.

61

Materials Research Science and Engineering Center: Video Lab Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) brings together almost three dozen helpful instructional laboratory videos. The videos are contained in three sections, including Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced. Each video has been recorded in a high-quality digital format and a number of them are available in Spanish as well. Some of the offerings here include "Preparation of Cholesterol Ester Liquid Crystals," "Synthesis of Nickel Nanowires: Beaker," and "Synthesis of a Superconductor." It should be noted that there is an important disclaimer at the bottom of the homepage that is worth reading before attempting any of these activities.

2012-07-01

62

Overcoming hurdles in translating visual search research between the lab and the field.  

PubMed

Research in visual search can be vital to improving performance in careers such as radiology and airport security screening. In these applied, or "field," searches, accuracy is critical, and misses are potentially fatal; however, despite the importance of performing optimally, radiological and airport security searches are nevertheless flawed. Extensive basic research in visual search has revealed cognitive mechanisms responsible for successful visual search as well as a variety of factors that tend to inhibit or improve performance. Ideally, the knowledge gained from such laboratory-based research could be directly applied to field searches, but several obstacles stand in the way of straightforward translation; the tightly controlled visual searches performed in the lab can be drastically different from field searches. For example, they can differ in terms of the nature of the stimuli, the environment in which the search is taking place, and the experience and characteristics of the searchers themselves. The goal of this chapter is to discuss these differences and how they can present hurdles to translating lab-based research to field-based searches. Specifically, most search tasks in the lab entail searching for only one target per trial, and the targets occur relatively frequently, but field searches may contain an unknown and unlimited number of targets, and the occurrence of targets can be rare. Additionally, participants in lab-based search experiments often perform under neutral conditions and have no formal training or experience in search tasks; conversely, career searchers may be influenced by the motivation to perform well or anxiety about missing a target, and they have undergone formal training and accumulated significant experience searching. This chapter discusses recent work that has investigated the impacts of these differences to determine how each factor can influence search performance. Knowledge gained from the scientific exploration of search can be applied to field searches but only when considering and controlling for the differences between lab and field. PMID:23437633

Clark, Kait; Cain, Matthew S; Adamo, Stephen H; Mitroff, Stephen R

2012-01-01

63

Research conducted at the Radiation Lab, Notre Dame Univ.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report, on research preformed at the Radiation Laboratory, University of Notre Dame, contain contributions on such topics as: formation of carbenium ions or yields from carbenes, photochemical oxidations and reductions, photoreactivity of molybdates, radiolysis of water, spin trapping kinetics, pulse radiolysis, photogenerated radical anions, photochemistry of Fe and Re complexes, hyperfine coupling calculations, electron energy loss in hydrocarbons, radiolysis of halophenols, conductivity in lipid monolayers, solitonsin polyacetylene, triplet-triplet annhilation, random walk problems, proton and electron impact on water luminescence quenching, raman spectrum of ozonide ion, time-resolved spectra of supercritical fluids, sequential biphotonic photochemistry, reduction of CO2 with Cu(I) macrocycles,and studies on photosensitizing dyes and on air-water interface problems.

1991-01-01

64

US Government mandates for clinical and translational research.  

PubMed

This commentary is germane for clinical and translational researchers. Basic scientists may face different obstacles to developing their research careers. Over the past several years, the federal government has seen reductions in funding for extramural research. It seems that under the adverse economic forecasts, things are going to get worse. It might seem logical for the federal government to stretch whatever limited resources exist, by asking the institutions to cost-share greater fractions of the actual research costs, and as an incentive, avoid the imposition of unfunded mandates. But alas, although well intended, there have been expensive requirements imposed by the government, making it difficult for investigators and institutions to adequately fund and conduct their research and for scientific journals to maintain paying subscribers. Five prominent and costly changes, which are the focus of this commentary are (1) HIPAA, (2) http://ClinicalTrials.Gov, (3) Clinical and Translational Science Awards, (4) Upcoming rule changes for IRBs, and (5) PubMedCentral, each of which will be discussed in the ensuing paragraphs. PMID:22376263

Shuster, Jonathan J

2012-01-10

65

From global bioethics to ethical governance of biomedical research collaborations.  

PubMed

One of the features of advanced life sciences research in recent years has been its internationalisation, with countries such as China and South Korea considered 'emerging biotech' locations. As a result, cross-continental collaborations are becoming common generating moves towards ethical and legal standardisation under the rubric of 'global bioethics'. Such a 'global', 'Western' or 'universal' bioethics has in turn been critiqued as an imposition upon resource-poor, non-Western or local medical settings. In this article, we propose that a different tack is necessary if we are to come to grips with the ethical challenges that inter-continental biomedical research collaborations generate. In particular we ask how national systems of ethical governance of life science research might cope with increasingly global research collaborations with a focus on Sino-European collaboration. We propose four 'spheres' - deliberation, regulation, oversight and interaction - as a helpful way to conceptualise national systems of ethical governance. Using a workshop-based mapping methodology (workshops held in Beijing, Shanghai, Changsha, Xian, Shenzen and London) we identified three specific ethical challenges arising from cross-continental research collaborations: (1) ambiguity as to which regulations are applicable; (2) lack of ethical review capacity not only among ethical review board members but also collaborating scientists; (3) already complex, researcher-research subject interaction is further complicated when many nationalities are involved. PMID:23623168

Wahlberg, Ayo; Rehmann-Sutter, Christoph; Sleeboom-Faulkner, Margaret; Lu, Guangxiu; Döring, Ole; Cong, Yali; Laska-Formejster, Alicja; He, Jing; Chen, Haidan; Gottweis, Herbert; Rose, Nikolas

2013-04-01

66

Craniux: a LabVIEW-based modular software framework for brain-machine interface research.  

PubMed

This paper presents "Craniux," an open-access, open-source software framework for brain-machine interface (BMI) research. Developed in LabVIEW, a high-level graphical programming environment, Craniux offers both out-of-the-box functionality and a modular BMI software framework that is easily extendable. Specifically, it allows researchers to take advantage of multiple features inherent to the LabVIEW environment for on-the-fly data visualization, parallel processing, multithreading, and data saving. This paper introduces the basic features and system architecture of Craniux and describes the validation of the system under real-time BMI operation using simulated and real electrocorticographic (ECoG) signals. Our results indicate that Craniux is able to operate consistently in real time, enabling a seamless work flow to achieve brain control of cursor movement. The Craniux software framework is made available to the scientific research community to provide a LabVIEW-based BMI software platform for future BMI research and development. PMID:21687575

Degenhart, Alan D; Kelly, John W; Ashmore, Robin C; Collinger, Jennifer L; Tyler-Kabara, Elizabeth C; Weber, Douglas J; Wang, Wei

2011-04-07

67

Agency in earth system governance: refining a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the face of global environmental change, a key question for the social sciences is how to organize the co-evolution of\\u000a societies and their natural environment. In this context, a new long-term research program, the Earth System Governance Project,\\u000a proposes several key issues to be examined: architecture, agency, adaptiveness, accountability, and allocation and access.\\u000a The contributions to this special issue

Eleni Dellas; Philipp Pattberg; Michele Betsill

2011-01-01

68

Governance of dual-use research: an ethical dilemma  

PubMed Central

Abstract Scenarios where the results of well-intentioned scientific research can be used for both good and harmful purposes give rise to what is now widely known as the “dual-use dilemma”. There has been growing debate about the dual-use nature of life science research with implications for making biological weapons. This paper reviews several controversial publications that have been the focus of debates about dual-use life science research and critically examines relevant policy developments, particularly in the United States of America. Though the dual-use dilemma is inherently ethical in nature, the majority of debates about dual-use research have primarily involved science and security experts rather than ethicists. It is important that there is more ethical input into debates about the governance of dual-use research.

2009-01-01

69

Every Cell Counts: An Inquiry-Based Approach to Address a Novel Research Question in an Undergraduate Neuroscience Lab  

PubMed Central

A science-based curriculum that encourages hands-on experiences, skill development, and promotes student engagement are critical components in both successful undergraduate psychology and neuroscience programs. This lab explored an inquiry-based research project focused on microscopy skills, critical thinking, and independent research design. This lesson used a novel research question (How many serotonergic cells are located in the dorsal raphe nucleus?) to engage students in research and methodology design. The resulting lab received positive feedback from students and provided data about the serotonergic system in a previously unreported species.

Birkett, Melissa A.

2009-01-01

70

Constructing Inexpensive, Flexible, and Versatile Microdialysis Probes in an Undergraduate Microdialysis Research Lab  

PubMed Central

Several challenges await new assistant professors setting up a neuroscience lab, and obtaining sufficient research help is typically a top priority. A secondary, but no less daunting, challenge is juggling accuracy and reliability with costs and limited start-up funds. These concerns are particularly crucial for those engaging technically sophisticated measurements, such as microdialysis. We have developed straightforward procedures that our undergraduate students have utilized to successfully construct high-quality, low-cost microdialysis probes. Students mastering the various steps involved have also gained valuable insight into their use, troubleshooting, and the implications of data obtained from these constructed probes. These procedures are explained here to foster increased use in neuroscience labs that involve undergraduates, along with pointers about teaching the technique to newcomers. Students who master the techniques can pass them on to new students easily. These procedures train students in the overall research technique of microdialysis more thoroughly than when manufactured probes are used, they save money, and will eventually save the principal investigator time when students develop independence with troubleshooting and repairs.

Steffes, Sally; Sandstrom, Michael

2008-01-01

71

Research to Practice: The Future of the Regional Educational Labs. Brown Center Letters on Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenge of creating evidence-based practice bedevils a number of fields. In education, the federal government has historically placed substantial responsibility for translational research in the hands of the Regional Educational Laboratories (RELs), which were established in 1966 as part of the original Elementary and Secondary Education Act…

Whitehurst, Grover J.

2010-01-01

72

Research to Practice: The Future of the Regional Educational Labs. Brown Center Letters on Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The challenge of creating evidence-based practice bedevils a number of fields. In education, the federal government has historically placed substantial responsibility for translational research in the hands of the Regional Educational Laboratories (RELs), which were established in 1966 as part of the original Elementary and Secondary Education…

Whitehurst, Grover J.

2010-01-01

73

DRAFT. Digital Government Research: Understanding Co-evolution of Government Service and Citizen Expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technologies (IT) have begun to transform all aspects of life, from schools (e.g., NCES, 2001) to the workplace (e.g., Zuboff, 1989). IT is also being applied vigorously by government units at federal, state, and local levels. The application of IT by governmental units is here termed 'e-government' and the larger concept of government that depends upon IT to achieve

Gary Marchionini

74

Reinventing government  

SciTech Connect

Both Clinton and Vice President Al Gore are committed to reinventing the federal government. To do so they will need more than a little help from Congress. But, if they succeed in turning the report's recommendations into reality, substantial change will occur in the way the federal government interacts with the chemical community in areas such as environmental and safety and health regulation, science and technology policy, education, and research priority setting. The report is the result of a six-month effort by the National Performance Review (NPR), a group led by Gore. It contains some 400 specific recommendations for changing the ways the federal government operates. These recommendations, if enacted the report claims, would produced savings of $108 billion over five years and reduce the size of the civilian, nonpostal work force by 12%, 252 positions, over the same period. The Department of Energy is the target of eight NPR recommendations. But the one with the most direct relevance to R and D calls for directing its national laboratories to pursue post-Cold War research priorities. Efforts to shift the labs away from their defense orientation began during the Carter presidency, when all of the labs began establishing stronger research programs in environmental science and technology and biology.

Hanson, D.J.; Lepkowski, W.; Long, J.R.; Zurer, P.S.

1993-10-11

75

Advanced LabVIEW Labs  

SciTech Connect

In the world of computer-based data acquisition and control, the graphical interface program LabVIEW from National Instruments is so ubiquitous that in many ways it has almost become the laboratory standard. To date, there have been approximately fifteen books concerning LabVIEW, but Professor Essick's treatise takes on a completely different tack than all of the previous discussions. In the more standard treatments of the ways and wherefores of LabVIEW such as LabVIEW Graphical Programming: Practical Applications in Instrumentation and Control by Gary W. Johnson (McGraw Hill, NY 1997), the emphasis has been instructing the reader how to program LabVIEW to create a Virtual Instrument (VI) on the computer for interfacing to a particular instruments. LabVIEW is written in G a graphical programming language developed by National Instruments. In the past the emphasis has been on training the experimenter to learn G . Without going into details here, G incorporates the usual loops, arithmetic expressions, etc., found in many programming languages, but in an icon (graphical) environment. The net result being that LabVIEW contains all of the standard methods needed for interfacing to instruments, data acquisition, data analysis, graphics, and also methodology to incorporate programs written in other languages into LabVIEW. Historically, according to Professor Essick, he developed a series of experiments for an upper division laboratory course for computer-based instrumentation. His observation was that while many students had the necessary background in computer programming languages, there were students who had virtually no concept about writing a computer program let alone a computer- based interfacing program. Thus the beginnings of a concept for not only teaching computer- based instrumentation techniques, but aiso a method for the beginner to experience writing a com- puter program. Professor Essick saw LabVIEW as the perfect environment in which to teach computer-based research skills. With this goal in mind, he has succeeded admirably. Advanced LabVIEW Labs presents a series of chapters devoted to not only introducing the reader to LabVIEW, but also to the concepts necessary for writing a successful computer pro- gram. Each chapter is an assignment for the student and is suitable for a ten week course. The first topic introduces the while loop and waveform chart VI'S. After learning how to launch LabVIEW, the student then leans how to use LabVIEW functions such as sine and cosine. The beauty of thk and subsequent chapters, the student is introduced immediately to computer-based instruction by learning how to display the results in graph form on the screen. At each point along the way, the student is not only introduced to another LabVIEW operation, but also to such subjects as spread sheets for data storage, numerical integration, Fourier transformations', curve fitting algorithms, etc. The last few chapters conclude with the purpose of the learning module, and that is, com- puter-based instrumentation. Computer-based laboratory projects such as analog-to-digital con- version, digitizing oscilloscopes treated. Advanced Lab VIEW Labs finishes with a treatment on GPIB interfacing and finally, the student is asked to create an operating VI for temperature con- trol. This is an excellent text, not only as an treatise on LabVIEW but also as an introduction to computer programming logic. All programmers, who are struggling to not only learning how interface computers to instruments, but also trying understand top down programming and other programming language techniques, should add Advanced Lab-VIEW Labs to their computer library.

Jones, Eric D.

1999-06-17

76

Advanced LabVIEW Labs  

SciTech Connect

In the world of computer-based data acquisition and control, the graphical interface program LabVIEW from National Instruments is so ubiquitous that in many ways it has almost become the laboratory standard. To date, there have been approximately fifteen books concerning LabVIEW, but Professor Essick's treatise takes on a completely different tack than all of the previous discussions. In the more standard treatments of the ways and wherefores of LabVIEW such as LabVIEW Graphical Programming: Practical Applications in Instrumentation and Control by Gary W. Johnson (McGraw Hill, NY 1997), the emphasis has been instructing the reader how to program LabVIEW to create a Virtual Instrument (VI) on the computer for interfacing to a particular instruments. LabVIEW is written in "G" a graphical programming language developed by National Instruments. In the past the emphasis has been on training the experimenter to learn "G". Without going into details here, "G" incorporates the usual loops, arithmetic expressions, etc., found in many programming languages, but in an icon (graphical) environment. The net result being that LabVIEW contains all of the standard methods needed for interfacing to instruments, data acquisition, data analysis, graphics, and also methodology to incorporate programs written in other languages into LabVIEW. Historically, according to Professor Essick, he developed a series of experiments for an upper division laboratory course for computer-based instrumentation. His observation was that while many students had the necessary background in computer programming languages, there were students who had virtually no concept about writing a computer program let alone a computer- based interfacing program. Thus the beginnings of a concept for not only teaching computer- based instrumentation techniques, but aiso a method for the beginner to experience writing a com- puter program. Professor Essick saw LabVIEW as the "perfect environment in which to teach computer-based research skills." With this goal in mind, he has succeeded admirably. Advanced LabVIEW Labs presents a series of chapters devoted to not only introducing the reader to LabVIEW, but also to the concepts necessary for writing a successful computer pro- gram. Each chapter is an assignment for the student and is suitable for a ten week course. The first topic introduces the while loop and waveform chart VI'S. After learning how to launch LabVIEW, the student then leans how to use LabVIEW functions such as sine and cosine. The beauty of thk and subsequent chapters, the student is introduced immediately to computer-based instruction by learning how to display the results in graph form on the screen. At each point along the way, the student is not only introduced to another LabVIEW operation, but also to such subjects as spread sheets for data storage, numerical integration, Fourier transformations', curve fitting algorithms, etc. The last few chapters conclude with the purpose of the learning module, and that is, com- puter-based instrumentation. Computer-based laboratory projects such as analog-to-digital con- version, digitizing oscilloscopes treated. Advanced Lab VIEW Labs finishes with a treatment on GPIB interfacing and finally, the student is asked to create an operating VI for temperature con- trol. This is an excellent text, not only as an treatise on LabVIEW but also as an introduction to computer programming logic. All programmers, who are struggling to not only learning how interface computers to instruments, but also trying understand top down programming and other programming language techniques, should add Advanced Lab-VIEW Labs to their computer library.

Jones, Eric D.

1999-06-17

77

Government Research Establishments, State Capacity and Distribution of Industry Policy in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

HEIM C. E. (1988) Government research establishments, state capacity and distribution of industrial policy in Britain, Reg. Studies22, 375–386. Location decisions concerning government research establishments are examined to understand why defence and civil establishments were concentrated in the South in the late 1940s when regional policy to disperse economic activity was being actively promoted by the Labour Government. World War

Carol E. Heim

1988-01-01

78

CONTRACTUAL AND RELATIONAL GOVERNANCE OF SOFTWARE OUTSOURCING PROJECTS: A PROPOSED RESEARCH MODEL AND RESEARCH AGENDA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations are under increasing pressure to exhibit the value of their outsourcing. However, previous IS outsourcing research studies failed to provide evidence on how IT client-provider relationships should be managed to ensure outsourcing success. This article draws on theories of transaction cost and social exchange to develop a model examining outsourcing relationship governance mechanisms. Important determinants of contractual and relational

Ren Ji-Fan; Wang-Ting Ngai; Wing-Sing Cho

2008-01-01

79

Clinical governance and research ethics as barriers to UK low-risk population-based health research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Since the Helsinki Declaration was introduced in 1964 as a code of practice for clinical research, it has generally been agreed that research governance is also needed in the field of public health and health promotion research. Recently, a range of factors led to the development of more stringent bureaucratic procedures, governing the conduct of low-risk population-based health research

Edwin R van Teijlingen; Flora Douglas; Nicola Torrance

2008-01-01

80

TECHNOLOGY ROAD MAPPING FOR E-GOVERNMENT: A RESEARCH NOTE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The year 2009 marks the 10th anniversary for official electronic government (e-government) implementation efforts in most European countries. A review of the United Nations studies on global e-government diffusion over this period reveals that there has been very little consistency in implementation and diffusion efforts in EU countries compared to North America. The most recent (2008) UN assessment shows that

Vishanth Weerakkody; Zahir Irani; Habin Lee; Muhammad Kamal; Leif Flak; Øystein Sæbø; Marijn Janssen; Bjoern Niehaves; Jörg Becker; Michael Räckers; Ibrahim H. Osman; Khalil Hindi; Sevgi Ozkan; Asim Balci; Tunc D. Medeni; Frank Bannister; Soha Maad

2009-01-01

81

The rise of corporate governance in corporate control research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article has two related tasks. First, we review the articles published in this Special Issue on Corporate Control, Mergers, and Acquisitions. These articles provide new evidence on several aspects of corporate control and governance including the value and performance effects of various ownership groups, the impact of internal governance structures, the effects of regulatory changes on specific industries and

Jeffry Netter; Annette Poulsen; Mike Stegemoller

2009-01-01

82

Gender Writ Small: Gender Enactments and Gendered Narratives about Lab Organization and Knowledge Transmission in a Biomedical Engineering Research Setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article presents qualitative data and offers some innovative theoretical approaches to frame the analysis of gender in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) settings. It begins with a theoretical discussion of a discursive approach to gender that captures how gender is lived "on the ground." The authors argue for a less individualistic approach to gender. Data for this research project was gathered from intensive interviews with lab members and ethnographic observations in a biomedical engineering lab. Data analysis relied on a mixed methodology involving qualitative approaches and dialogues with findings from other research traditions. Three themes are highlighted: lab dynamics in relation to issues of critical mass, the division of labor, and knowledge transmission. The data illustrate how gender is created in interactions and is inflected through forms of social organization.

Malone, Kareen Ror; Nersessian, Nancy J.; Newstetter, Wendy

83

The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: Getting CLIA-Certification for a Basic Research Lab  

PubMed Central

Next generation sequencing is fast becoming the diagnostic tool of choice for clinicians. This can take the form of targeted sequencing to identify specific variants, such as KRAS mutational analysis for treatment with cetuximab (Erbitux). It can be a targeted panel approach to sequencing a number of genes involved in a specific disease or it can be exome or whole genome sequencing to identify rare variants. As a clinical tool, sequencing must be done in a CLIA-compliant laboratory. One approach institutions have taken is to incorporate clinical sequencing into an existing CAP/CLIA-accredited lab, such as cytogenetics. The alternative approach is to build a CLIA-compliant laboratory from the ground up or make an existing genomics core facility CLIA-compliant. The University of Maryland School of Medicine took that latter approach, by making a genomics core facility CLIA-compliant. This wasn't without difficulty. Issues to consider include (1) a CLIA-qualified director as well as qualified key personnel; (2) appropriate space to allow for a unidirectional work flow separating pre- and post-amplification processes; (3) developing a validation study and implementation for each assay offered and participating in a CLIA-approved proficiency test or sample exchange program; (4) having an experienced quality program manager to oversee the quality program and document management system; (5) having the financial resources to invest in developing and operating this unique regulatory environment. While not trivial, the ultimate goal can be achieved, and the institution can have a genomics core lab that provides comprehensive support to basic research, translational studies and clinical diagnostics.

Ambulos, Nicholas P.

2013-01-01

84

Online Presentations of Research on Adult Literacy: Government Websites as Learning Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a review of seven national governments' online collections of adult literacy-related research. This study explored the type of learning associated with official web spaces by asking the following research questions: (1) What kind of research do these governments present on their websites? (2) How is the presentation…

Jacobson, Erik

2009-01-01

85

Government Research and Development Summaries: Mechanical Project Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mechanical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to mechanical hydraulic, and pneumatic energy, including working fluids, materials, heat transf...

1995-01-01

86

Government Research and Development Summaries: Mechanical Project Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mechanical Project Briefs describe the status of all R&D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to mechanical hydraulic, and pneumatic energy, including working fluids, materials, heat transfer p...

1988-01-01

87

Government Research and Development Summaries: Mechanical Project Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mechanical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to mechanical hydraulic, and pneumatic energy, including working fluids, materials, heat transf...

1989-01-01

88

Government Research and Development Summaries: Mechanical Project Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mechanical Project Briefs describe the status of all R&D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to mechanical hydraulic, and pneumatic energy, including working fluids, materials, heat transfer p...

1987-01-01

89

From Governance to Governmentality in CSDP: Towards a Foucauldian Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governmentality theory is a tool to study networked governance beyond the state. Its research profile is characterized by a focus on power and micro?practices from a critical perspective. This article identifies the theory's comparative strengths and its distinct analytical style. It lays out the conceptual tools of governmentality theory before applying them to internal CSDP governance and the external governance

MICHAEL MERLINGEN

2010-01-01

90

From Governance to Governmentality in CSDP: Towards a Foucauldian Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractGovernmentality theory is a tool to study networked governance beyond the state. Its research profile is characterized by a focus on power and micro?practices from a critical perspective. This article identifies the theory's comparative strengths and its distinct analytical style. It lays out the conceptual tools of governmentality theory before applying them to internal CSDP governance and the external governance

MICHAEL MERLINGEN

2011-01-01

91

On the governance of social science research: the replacement of profession with performance contracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of social science research is conducted within public or semipublic institutions, such as universities. Over the past decades, these institutions have experienced substantial changes in governance structures and an increased focus on performance contracts. Obviously, the new structures do not enter into a governance vacuum, but replace the existing profession-based governance structures. The present paper has a twofold

Mai S. Linneberg; Hanne Norreklit; Philipp J. H. Schroder

2009-01-01

92

Gap analysis methodology for identifying future ICT related eGovernment research topics - case of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern ICT enables governments all over the world to improve their operation in order to become more efficient and effective. Despite of all possible benefits of using modern ICT, governments still struggle with the problems of inefficiency of their operation. eGovernment is being discussed in many contexts. Expectations of research and implementation in this field were high. However, many investments

Andreja Pucihar; Kristina Bogataj; Maria Wimmer

93

Examining the Relationship between IT Governance Software, Processes, and Business Value: A Quantitative Research Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is the impact of information technology (IT) governance software on the actual processes of IT governance and through that on realizing the business value of IT? This article examines the conceptual foundations underlying this question and analyzes the available evidence based on a quantitative research approach. Using global survey-data from 41 companies that have implemented IT governance software we

Hauke Heier; Hans P. Borgman; Christos Mileos

2009-01-01

94

How to Influence Government Policy with Your Research: Tips from Practicing Political Scientists in Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Government policymakers rarely consult with academic experts before formulating policy positions. When policymakers do seek out academics, they are often attempting to justify a position they already hold, not searching for objective analysis. Academics could add much to the policy debate if they were more meaningfully engaged in the discussion.|

Farmer, Rick

2010-01-01

95

Disentangling scale approaches in governance research: comparing monocentric, multilevel, and adaptive governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of how to govern the multiscale problems in today’s network society is an important topic in the fields of public administration, political sciences, and environmental sciences. How scales are defined, studied, and dealt with varies substantially within and across these fields. This paper aims to reduce the existing conceptual confusion regarding scales by disentangling three representative approaches that

C. J. A. M. Termeer; A. R. P. J. Dewulf; Lieshout van M

2010-01-01

96

Statement before the Subcommittee on Government Research, Committee on Government Operations, United States Senate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two major trends in the behavioral and social sciences that have implications for federal policy are (1) an increasingly empirical approach with emphasis on data analysis and quantification and (2) the increasingly interdisciplinary nature of these sciences. Within the federal government, health, education, welfare, defense, and social and economic planning have large behavioral and social science components that require substantial

Carl Pfaffmann

1967-01-01

97

Governance  

Cancer.gov

The programs in the Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research (OCCPR) are led and coordinated by a project team comprised of health scientists with expertise in basic and applied research, regulatory science, clinical assay development, bioinformatics, therapeutics, and clinical chemistry at the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Click here to view brief biographies of the team members.

98

Research Issues Underlying the Four-Lab Study: Integrated Disinfection By-Products Mixtures Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemical disinfection of drinking water is a major public health triumph of the 20th century, resulting in significant decreases in morbidity and mortality from waterborne diseases. Disinfection by-products (DBP) are chemicals formed by the reaction of oxidizing disinfectants with inorganic and organic materials in the source water. To address potential health concerns that cannot be answered directly by toxicological research

Jane Ellen Simmons; Susan D. Richardson; Linda K. Teuschler; Richard J. Miltner; Thomas F. Speth; Kathleen M. Schenck; E. Sidney Hunter III; Glenn Rice

2008-01-01

99

A new LabVIEW-based control system for the Naval Research Laboratory Trace Element Accelerator Mass Spectrometer  

SciTech Connect

A new LabVIEW-based control system for the existing tandem accelerator and new AMS components has been implemented at the Trace Element Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (TEAMS) facility at the Naval Research Laboratory. Through the use of Device Interfaces (DIs) distributed along a fiber optic network, virtually every component of the accelerator system can be controlled from any networked computer terminal as well as remotely via modem or the internet. This paper discusses the LabVIEW-based control software, including remote operation, automatic calculation of ion optical component parameters, beam optimization, and data logging and retrieval.

DeTurck, T. M.; Treacy, D. J. Jr.; Knies, D. L.; Grabowski, K. S.; Knoll, C.; Kennedy, C. A.; Hubler, G. K. [University of Maryland, Department of Chemistry, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Naval Research Laboratory, Code 6670, Washington, District of Columbia 20375-5345 (United States)

1999-06-10

100

Conducting Web-Based Surveys of Government Practitioners in Social Sciences: Practical Lessons for E-Government Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the use of surveys in social science research is not new, growing computerization and widespread availability of Internet access has made it increasingly possible to conduct these surveys online. However, populations in the social sciences - and particularly in e-government - are not always well defined, and their boundaries are fuzzy. Therefore, additional challenges need to be considered in

José Ramón Gil-garcía; Sara A. Berg; Theresa A. Pardo; G. Brian Burke; Ahmet Guler

2009-01-01

101

Information Systems Security Governance Research: A Behavioral Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behavioral information systems security governance entails managing the informal structures in an organization to ensure an appropriate security environment. Informal structures in an organization comprise the individual values, beliefs and behavior prevalent in an organization guiding the norms and employee perception of job responsibilities. Five consistent themes arise from a critical review of the extant literature in this area: security

Sushma Mishra; Gurpreet Dhillon

102

Research on the IT Governance Framework of Sports Products Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the paper, we analyzed the status quo of informationization of Sports products industry and set up an IT governance framework.\\u000a The framework includes three components: IT decision mechanism, IT risks management process and IT performance evaluation.\\u000a The detailed contents of the components were analyzed and their relation was described.

Baozeng Qu; Jinfeng Li

103

Inventory of Government-Supported Research Projects on Foreign Affairs. Volume 3: Europe.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Inventory of Government-Supported Research Projects on Foreign Affairs is prepared annually for the Under Secretaries Subconnnittee on Foreign Affairs Research (USC/FAR). The subcommittee was established in 1971 pursuant to a Presidential directive th...

1975-01-01

104

Government Research and Development Summaries: Chemical, Electrical, Mechanical, Nuclear, TE, TI, Solar, and Magnetohydrodynamic Project Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Government Research and Development Summaries now available from NTIS are project Briefs prepared by the Interagency Advanced Power Group. They describe the status of all programs in the fields of advanced power research, development and engineering. ...

1987-01-01

105

Governance in the Digital Age: A Research and Action Framework for an Uncertain Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research into relationships among government, society and technology has grown substantially over the past 30 years. However, most research and most advances in practice address narrowly defined categories of concern such as government organization, citizen services, interoperability, or personal privacy. By contrast, the future presents complex…

Dawes, Sharon S.

2009-01-01

106

Labs of the World, Unite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: eScience is rapidly changing the way we do ,re- search. As a result, many research labs now need non- trivial computational power. Grid and voluntary computing are well established solutions for this issue. However, not all labs can effectively benefit from these technologies. In particular, small and medium research labs (which are the majority of the labs in the

Walfredo Cirne; Francisco Vilar Brasileiro; Nazareno Andrade; Lauro B. Costa; Alisson Andrade; Reynaldo Novaes; Miranda Mowbray

2006-01-01

107

Status and future of government-supported amorphous silicon research in the US  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Amorphous Silicon Research Project (ASRP) was established at the Solar Energy Research Institute in 1983 and is responsible for all US Department of Energy government supported research activities in the field of amorphous silicon photovoltaics. The objectives and research directions of the project have been established by a Five-Year Research Plan, which was developed at SERI in cooperation with

W. L. Wallace; E. S. Sabisky

1986-01-01

108

Status and future of government-supported amorphous silicon research in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Amorphous Silicon Research Project (ASRP) was established at the Solar Energy Research Institute in 1983 and is responsible for all US Department of Energy government supported research activities in the field of amorphous silicon photovoltaics. The objectives and research directions of the project have been established by a Five-Year Research Plan, which was developed at SERI in cooperation with

W. L. Wallace; E. S. Sabisky

1986-01-01

109

DNA Separation Lab in the Classroom and in Real-World Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video produced by WGBH features students in the Amgen-Bruce Wallace Biotechnology Lab Program preparing a recombinant DNA molecule, and examines how this work relates to the way real-life scientists approach similar work.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2011-12-30

110

Recombinant DNA Lab in the Classroom and in Real-World Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video produced by WGBH features students in the Amgen-Bruce Wallace Biotechnology Lab Program inserting a recombinant DNA molecule into bacterial cells, and illustrates how industry and academic scientists use the exact same techniques.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2011-12-30

111

Government research and development summaries: Mechanical Project Briefs. Monthly report  

SciTech Connect

Mechanical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to mechanical hydraulic, and pneumatic energy, including working fluids, materials, heat transfer processes, heat transfer and storage equipment, and other components of mechanical conversion systems. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1991-01-01

112

Government Research and Development Summaries: Solar Project Briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Solar Project Briefs describe the status of all R D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in solar radiation collection, storage, and conversion to heat or other energy forms. Photovoltaic and solar thermal devices and related systems are also reported. The document is not to be reproducted, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproducted for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1992-01-01

113

Government Research and Development Summaries: Magnetohydrodynamic Project Briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Magnetohydrodynamic Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion involving the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) interaction between electromagnetic fields and electrically conducting fields, including fuels, materials, plasma dynamics, and combustion. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1992-01-01

114

Government research and development summaries: Magnetohydrodynamic Project Briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Magnetohydrodynamic Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion involving the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) interaction between electromagnetic fields and electrically conducting fields, including fuels, materials, plasma dynamics, and combustion. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1991-01-01

115

Government Research and Development Summaries: Mechanical Project Briefs. Monthly report  

SciTech Connect

Mechanical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to mechanical hydraulic, and pneumatic energy, including working fluids, materials, heat transfer processes, heat transfer and storage equipment, and other components of mechanical conversion systems. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1992-01-01

116

Government research and development summaries: Solar Project Briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Solar Project Briefs describe the status of all R D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in solar radiation collection, storage, and conversion to heat or other energy forms. Photovoltaic and solar thermal devices and related systems are also reported. The document is not to be reproducted, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1991-01-01

117

Government Research and Development Summaries: Nuclear Project Briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear, Te, Ti Project Briefs describe the status of all R D program submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion from fission, fusion, and radioisotope power sources and other thermal systems that use thermionic systems. These briefs also follow related investigations of plasma dynamics. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1992-01-01

118

Government research and development summaries: Magnetohydrodynamic project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Magnetohydrodynamic Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion involving the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) interaction between electromagnetic fields and electrically conducting fields, including fuels, materials, plasma dynamics, and combustion. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1994-01-01

119

Government research and development summaries: Nuclear project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear, Te, Ti Project Briefs describe the status of all R D program submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion from fission, fusion, and radioisotope power sources and other thermal systems that use thermionic systems. These briefs also follow related investigations of plasma dynamics. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1994-01-01

120

Government research and development summaries: Mechanical project briefs. Monthly report  

SciTech Connect

Mechanical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to mechanical hydraulic, and pneumatic energy, including working fluids, materials, heat transfer processes, heat transfer and storage equipment, and other components of mechanical conversion systems. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1994-01-01

121

Government research and development summaries: Solar project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Solar Project Briefs describe the status of all R D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in solar radiation collection, storage, and conversion to heat or other energy forms. Photovoltaic and solar thermal devices and related systems are also reported. The document is not to be reproducted, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproducted for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1993-01-01

122

Government research and development summaries: Solar project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Solar Project Briefs describe the status of all R D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in solar radiation collection, storage, and conversion to heat or other energy forms. Photovoltaic and solar thermal devices and related systems are also reported. The document is not to be reproducted, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproducted for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1994-01-01

123

Government research and development summaries: Mechanical project briefs. Monthly report  

SciTech Connect

Mechanical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to mechanical hydraulic, and pneumatic energy, including working fluids, materials, heat transfer processes, heat transfer and storage equipment, and other components of mechanical conversion systems. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1993-01-01

124

Government research and development summaries: Magnetohydrodynamic project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Magnetohydrodynamic Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion involving the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) interaction between electromagnetic fields and electrically conducting fields, including fuels, materials, plasma dynamics, and combustion. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

NONE

1995-03-01

125

Government research and development summaries: Nuclear project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear, Te, Ti Project Briefs describe the status of all R D program submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion from fission, fusion, and radioisotope power sources and other thermal systems that use thermionic systems. These briefs also follow related investigations of plasma dynamics. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1993-01-01

126

Government research and development summaries: Magnetohydrodynamic project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Magnetohydrodynamic Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion involving the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) interaction between electromagnetic fields and electrically conducting fields, including fuels, materials, plasma dynamics, and combustion. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1993-01-01

127

Government research and development summaries: Solar project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Solar Project Briefs describe the status of all R&D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in solar radiation collection, storage, and conversion to heat or other energy forms. Photovoltaic and solar thermal devices and related systems are also reported. The document is not to be reproducted, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproducted for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

NONE

1995-03-01

128

Consent and research governance in biobanks: evidence from focus groups with medical researchers.  

PubMed

Much is known about patient attitudes to ethical and legal questions in the context of biobanking, particularly regarding privacy protection and consent. However, little is known about the attitudes of medical researchers who use biobanks for research to these issues. Four focus groups with medical researchers in the UK were conducted in 2010-2011. The study highlights a range of issues associated with the research oversight and consent process (including obtaining ethical approval to use biobank samples and particular concerns for international studies), the benefits and limitations of broad consent and the possibilities of revoking consent. Many of these issues originate in the relatively static consent processes that currently govern the biobanking process. However, it is now possible to develop reliable, dynamic processes using information technology that can resolve many of these ethical and legal concerns. The 'dynamic consent' approach therefore offers the opportunity to fundamentally transform the process of medical research in a manner that addresses the concerns of both patients and medical researchers. PMID:22722687

Whitley, E A; Kanellopoulou, N; Kaye, J

2012-06-20

129

22 CFR 63.6 - Assignment of United States Government employees to consult, lecture, teach, engage in research...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...States Government employees to consult, lecture, teach, engage in research, or demonstrate...States Government employees to consult, lecture, teach, engage in research, or demonstrate...assigned for service abroad to consult, lecture, teach, engage in research, or...

2010-04-01

130

22 CFR 63.6 - Assignment of United States Government employees to consult, lecture, teach, engage in research...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...States Government employees to consult, lecture, teach, engage in research, or demonstrate...States Government employees to consult, lecture, teach, engage in research, or demonstrate...assigned for service abroad to consult, lecture, teach, engage in research, or...

2009-04-01

131

Interaction of Earthquakes and Aseismic Slip: Insights From 3D Fault Models Governed by Lab-Derived Friction Laws  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent improvements in availability and quality of seismic and geodetic data have revealed complex interactions of seismic and aseismic slip. This rich information, interpreted through modeling, can help us understand mechanics and physics of faults. Our simulation approach (Lapusta and Liu, 2008) produces spontaneous long-term fault slip and the resulting stress redistribution with full inclusion of inertial effects during simulated earthquakes in the context of a 3D fault model. The approach incorporates laboratory- derived rate and state friction laws, involves slow, tectonic-like loading, resolves all stages of seismic and aseismic slip, and results in realistic rupture speeds, slip velocities, and stress drops. We use the simulations to study two phenomena that arise due to interaction of seismic and aseismic slip: (i) supershear transition in 3D models due to rheological boundaries and (ii) mechanics of small repeating earthquakes. In our simulations, aseismic slip in creeping regions concentrates stress at rheological boundaries and promotes supershear transition during dynamic events (Liu and Lapusta, 2008). Transition of earthquakes from subshear to supershear speeds has important implications for strong ground motion and fault properties. Simulations of supershear transition are typically done in models of single events on linear slip- weakening faults. We simulate long-term seismic and aseismic slip on a strike-slip fault with a rectangular velocity-weakening (VW) region surrounded by velocity-strengthening (VS) regions. Existence of shallow and deeper VS regions is supported by lab friction studies as well as observations of interseismic creep, postseismic slip, limits on the depth extent of seismicity, and clustering of small events. In our simulations, steady slip throughout the interseismic period in the VS areas concentrates stress next to rheological boundaries and promotes faster rupture speeds and local supershear propagation of dynamic events. Under a range of conditions, this local behavior causes the entire rupture to become supershear. Our modeling of small repeating earthquakes reproduces several observational constraints, including their nontrivial scaling of seismic moment with the recurrence time (Chen and Lapusta, 2008). In our 3D model, a small circular patch with velocity-weakening friction is surrounded by a much larger velocity-strengthening region. When the patch size is smaller than the nucleation size implied by the underlying rate and state formulation, all slip on the patch is aseismic. For larger patch sizes, small repeating events occur, with slip rates of the order of 1 m/s and sharp stress drops; however, the patch also experiences significant aseismic slip. By varying the patch radius, we are able to produce repeating earthquakes that (i) reproduce the observed scaling T? M01/6 of the repeat time T and seismic moment M0 and (ii) have source dimensions and stress drops typical for earthquakes of comparable sizes and similar to recent inversions for Parkfield repeaters. Remarkably, the scaling T? M01/6 is independent of the variation, within a factor of 4, of rate and state parameters a and b. The scaling is also reproduced in a model with a rectangular velocity-weakening patch and with quasi-dynamic approach.

Lapusta, N.; Liu, Y.; Chen, T.

2008-12-01

132

Government Research and Development Summaries: Electrical Project Briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to electrical forms (including electrical energy control) by electromechanical, electromagnetic, electrostatic, magnetohydrodynamic, electronic, and solid state devices excluding photovoltaic and photoemissive devices. Specific attention is devoted to magnetohydrodynamics, power conditioning, and superconductivity. The document is not to be reproducted, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1992-01-01

133

Government research and development summaries: Electrical Project Briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to electrical forms (including electrical energy control) by electromechanical, electromagnetic, electrostatic, magnetohydrodynamic, electronic, and solid state devices excluding photovoltaic and photoemissive devices. Specific attention is devoted to magnetohydrodynamics, power conditioning, and superconductivity. The document is not to be reproducted, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1991-01-01

134

Opinion: Government seeks more impact from its research investment.  

PubMed

Dr Brian Iddon, MP, argues that Britain is on the right track, but that if it is to compete with its major competitors in the high-tech world, decision makers cannot afford to relax but rather need to find more investment to promote R&D in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) policy area. This article reviews the UK Government's attempts to improve the conversion of new discoveries into useful 'products' by creating new organisations and by shifting the emphasis of its R&D investment. PMID:21426123

Iddon, Brian

2009-06-01

135

Government research and development summaries: Electrical project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to electrical forms (including electrical energy control) by electromechanical, electromagnetic, electrostatic, magnetohydrodynamic, electronic, and solid state devices excluding photovoltaic and photoemissive devices. Specific attention is devoted to magnetohydrodynamics, power conditioning, and superconductivity. The document is not to be reproducted, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

NONE

1995-03-01

136

Government research and development summaries: Electrical project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to electrical forms (including electrical energy control) by electromechanical, electromagnetic, electrostatic, magnetohydrodynamic, electronic, and solid state devices excluding photovoltaic and photoemissive devices. Specific attention is devoted to magnetohydrodynamics, power conditioning, and superconductivity. The document is not to be reproducted, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1994-01-01

137

Government research and development summaries: Electrical project briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Project Briefs describe the status of all R and D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion to electrical forms (including electrical energy control) by electromechanical, electromagnetic, electrostatic, magnetohydrodynamic, electronic, and solid state devices excluding photovoltaic and photoemissive devices. Specific attention is devoted to magnetohydrodynamics, power conditioning, and superconductivity. The document is not to be reproducted, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1993-01-01

138

Building a Research-Practice Partnership: Lessons from a Government IT Workforce Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

For decades researchers have sought ways to make their work have more impact on the world and practitioners have wished for research that actually helps them solve pressing problems. This is particularly true for digital government research which emphasizes positive change. Differences in professional culture and lack of mutual understanding about the nature and uses of research lead to this

Sharon S. Dawes; Natalie Helbig

2007-01-01

139

A LabVIEW based test-bed with off-the-shelf components for research in mobile sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a mobile sensor network test-bed at the Automation and Robotics Research Institute (University of Texas at Arlington). LabVIEW high-level programming language is used to program, control and monitor a variety of off-the-shelf hardware platforms (both sensor motes and mobile robots). The test-bed is composed of two independent mobile sensor networks connected to the same

Prasanna Ballal; Vincenzo Giordano; Pritpal Dang; Sankar Gorthi; Jose Mireles Jr; Frank Lewis

2006-01-01

140

Health assessment for Yakima Agricultural Research Lab, Yakima, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WAD120513957. Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect

The Yakima Agriculture Research Lab (YARL) site is on the National Priorities List. YARL is affiliated with the U.S. Department of Agriculture and develops pesticides for various fruits and vegetables. Preliminary on-site sampling results have identified various pesticides in septic tank water and subsurface soil. The site is considered to be of potential health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of human exposure to hazardous substances.

Not Available

1989-04-10

141

Multi-Method Approaches to Digital Government Research: Value Lessons and Implementation Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital government is a complex organizational and social phenomenon. It involves technical, organizational, and policy elements, as well as their complex and recursive interactions. Multi-method approaches have been shown as capable of presenting more comprehensive explanations of complex situations. This paper argues that multi-method approaches are valuable alternatives for e- government research. Two case studies involving multi-method approaches to e-government

José Ramón Gil-garcía; Theresa A. Pardo

2006-01-01

142

Advanced Lab View® Labs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the world of computer-based data acquisition and control, the graphical interface program LabVIEW from National Instruments is so ubiquitous that in many ways it has almost become the laboratory standard. To date, there have been approximately fifteen books concerning LabVIEW, but Professor Essick's treatise takes on a completely different tack than all of the previous discussions. In the more

John Essick; Eric D. Jones

1999-01-01

143

Life in a multidisciplinary government laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

That a large government laboratory can also be a great research center is well substantiated. Both applied and fundamental research can flourish in such a center notwithstanding its mission orientation. Just as in the non-governmental labs, the applied research is often challenging and intellectually stimulating. Sometimes it is pedestrian-a trouble due in part to a civil service system that confers

Maurice M. Shapiro

1978-01-01

144

Towards e-government transformation: conceptualising “citizen engagement” : A research note  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To make observations of the need for a radical change in the way that public services are delivered, based upon compelling UK evidence. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The “research note” draws on the normative literature and current practice to identify contemporary ideas for e-government citizen engagement initiatives. Findings – E-government within the next few years will transform both the way

Steve Jones; Ray Hackney; Zahir Irani

2007-01-01

145

University--Government--International Donor Community Cooperation in Research, Teaching and Community Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|World geo-economics of the last two decades have seriously impacted on governments' capability to finance university teaching, research and community engagement, especially in the developing world. Over the same period however, the demands and expectations exerted on universities by government and society have increased phenomenally. To meet…

Mwaniki, M.

2010-01-01

146

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, AIDS: A Selected Bibliography of Federal Government Publications. Research Guide 90 104.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research guide presents a selected bibliography of federal government publications about the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). These documents are listed in five categories: (1) Bibliographies (7); (2) Congressional Publications (69 hearings and reports); (3) Executive Branch Publications (43 reports); (4) Federal Government

Alexander, Margaret

147

U.S. Government Perspective on Arctic Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Arctic region and Alaska--America's Arctic--provide tremendous value to the United States. Without a significant Arctic Research Program, however, those things we value in and from the Arctic--energy, food, security, biodiversity, fresh water, carbon ...

J. Farrell

2010-01-01

148

Computer Utilization in Local Governments: A Critical Review and Synthesis of Research (Second Draft).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents an assessment of what is currently known about computer utilization in municipal and county governments. This is the first of several assessments in a project for evaluation of policy related research on municipal information systems. ...

K. L. Kraemer H. C. Lucas R. D. Hackathorn R. C. Emrey

1973-01-01

149

Municipal Information Systems: Evaluation of Policy Related Research. Volume II. Computer Utilization in Local Government.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Volume 2 is one of 10 volumes evaluating policy-related research on municipal information systems. It discusses what is currently known about computer utilization in municipal and county governments. This report provides a comprehensive review and critica...

K. L. Kraemer H. C. Lucas R. D. Hackathorn R. C. Emrey

1974-01-01

150

The Floating Lab Research Project: An Approach to Evaluating Field Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report explains an evaluative study of the conceptual and affective development of students associated with the Floating Lab Program, an experiential field project sponsored by the University of New Hampshire and the Maine Sea Grant Program. The field program involved an opportunity for students to have hands-on experiences aboard a 65-foot…

Brody, Michael J.

151

Perspectives on ecological research at the Outdoor StreamLab, a field-scale experimental stream  

Microsoft Academic Search

Artificial streams hold great promise for examining ecological processes. They lend themselves to manipulations of discharge, sediment load, water chemistry, and other parameters difficult or impossible to control in natural streams. However, artificial streams also have important limitations. In this presentation we describe insights gained from several ecological studies conducted at the St. Anthony Falls Laboratory's Outdoor StreamLab, including, 1)

E. C. Merten; D. Dieterman; K. Kramarczuk; A. Lightbody; C. H. Orr; T. Wellnitz

2009-01-01

152

Academic research on European terrorist developments: Pleas from a government terrorism analyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the state of academic research on terrorist developments in Europe. The author, a U.S. government terrorism analyst, argues that more research articles should be aimed at the “terrorism analyst” rather than the “policymaker.” Several suggested research topics are presented, for example, more articles on GRAPO in Spain, the Revolutionary Organization 17 November in Greece, the Revolutionary Left

Dennis A. Pluchinsky

1992-01-01

153

Exploratory research: citizen participation, local government and sustainable development in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploratory research reported in this paper was undertaken in Adelaide, Australia during 1998|99. The purpose of the research is to explore local development practice as evidenced through the experiences and actions of local citizens, community based groups and local government (Neuman, 1994). Results from this first stage research suggest that sustainability initiatives in Australia might best be implemented through a

Michael Cuthill

2002-01-01

154

Selecting government-financed research projects in China with Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently the Chinese governments at all levels are in urgent need of both a manageable research project evaluation index system and a scientific evaluation method that could help them select those research projects which are valuable in promoting the country's economy and social development. In response to such a need, the present paper first suggests a useful research project evaluation

L. H. Zhang; B. Zou; X. M. Liu

2012-01-01

155

Jefferson Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, or the Jefferson Lab, is funded in part by the Department of Energy and was "built to probe the nucleus of the atom to learn more about the quark structure of matter." Of special interest to researchers will be the extensive experiments section with experiments organized by hall, by status in terms of approval and completion, by proposals, and by physics category. Descriptions of individual experiments include summaries (.ps), participating institutions, experiment titles, and a letter grade rating. The publications section of the site contains a catalog with online publications (.pdf) organized by year, and a complete searchable bibliographic list with downloadable technical documents organized by year. Also, for educators, the Science Education at Jefferson Lab Page ( http://www.jlab.org/services/pced/?students/teachers) lists internships, special events, and classroom resources including a tour of the atom, a periodic table of elements, and an element flashcard game.

156

Cornell Lab of Ornithology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New research from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology points to acid rain as a major cause of songbird decline, where previous research focused on forest fragmentation. Along with a press release and a downloadable Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) version of the entire study, the site includes other ornithological resources, news items, and information about the lab.

2000-01-01

157

[The research in a foot pressure measuring system based on LabVIEW].  

PubMed

This paper presents a system of foot pressure measuring system based on LabVIEW. The designs of hardware and software system are figured out. LabVIEW is used to design the application interface for displaying plantar pressure. The system can realize the plantar pressure data acquisition, data storage, waveform display, and waveform playback. It was also shown that the testing results of the system were in line with the changing trend of normal gait, which conformed to human system engineering theory. It leads to the demonstration of system reliability. The system gives vivid and visual results, and provides a new method of how to measure foot-pressure and some references for the design of Insole System. PMID:21553531

Li, Wei; Qiu, Hong; Xu, Jiang; He, Jiping

2011-01-01

158

Microbes in Mascara: Hypothesis-Driven Research in a Nonmajor Biology Lab  

PubMed Central

In this laboratory exercise, students were taught concepts of microbiology and scientific process through an everyday activity — cosmetic use. The students’ goals for the lab were to develop a hypothesis regarding microbial contamination in cosmetics, learn techniques to culture and differentiate microorganisms from cosmetics, and propose best practices in cosmetics use based on their findings. Prior to the lab, students took a pretest to assess their knowledge of scientific hypotheses, microbiology, and cosmetic safety. In the first week, students were introduced to microbiological concepts and methodologies, and cosmetic terminology and safety. Students completed a hypothesis-writing exercise before formulating and testing their own hypotheses regarding cosmetic contamination. Students provided a cosmetic of their own and, in consultation with their lab group, chose one product for testing. Samples were serially diluted and plated on a variety of selective media. In the second week, students analyzed their plates to determine the presence and diversity of microbes and if their hypotheses were supported. Students completed a worksheet of their results and were given a posttest to assess their knowledge. Average test scores improved from 5.2 (pretest) to 7.8 (posttest), with p-values < 0.0001. Seventy-nine percent (79%) of students correctly identified hypotheses that were not falsifiable or lacked variables, and 89% of students improved their scores on questions concerning safe cosmetic use. Ninety-one percent (91%) of students demonstrated increased knowledge of microbial concepts and methods. Based on our results, this lab is an easy, yet effective, way to enhance knowledge of scientific concepts for nonmajors, while maintaining relevance to everyday life.

Burleson, Kathryn M.; Martinez-Vaz, Betsy M.

2011-01-01

159

Microbes in mascara: hypothesis-driven research in a nonmajor biology lab.  

PubMed

In this laboratory exercise, students were taught concepts of microbiology and scientific process through an everyday activity - cosmetic use. The students' goals for the lab were to develop a hypothesis regarding microbial contamination in cosmetics, learn techniques to culture and differentiate microorganisms from cosmetics, and propose best practices in cosmetics use based on their findings. Prior to the lab, students took a pretest to assess their knowledge of scientific hypotheses, microbiology, and cosmetic safety. In the first week, students were introduced to microbiological concepts and methodologies, and cosmetic terminology and safety. Students completed a hypothesis-writing exercise before formulating and testing their own hypotheses regarding cosmetic contamination. Students provided a cosmetic of their own and, in consultation with their lab group, chose one product for testing. Samples were serially diluted and plated on a variety of selective media. In the second week, students analyzed their plates to determine the presence and diversity of microbes and if their hypotheses were supported. Students completed a worksheet of their results and were given a posttest to assess their knowledge. Average test scores improved from 5.2 (pretest) to 7.8 (posttest), with p-values < 0.0001. Seventy-nine percent (79%) of students correctly identified hypotheses that were not falsifiable or lacked variables, and 89% of students improved their scores on questions concerning safe cosmetic use. Ninety-one percent (91%) of students demonstrated increased knowledge of microbial concepts and methods. Based on our results, this lab is an easy, yet effective, way to enhance knowledge of scientific concepts for nonmajors, while maintaining relevance to everyday life. PMID:23653761

Burleson, Kathryn M; Martinez-Vaz, Betsy M

2011-12-01

160

One stop or full stop? The continuing challenges for researchers despite the new streamlined NHS research governance process  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Obtaining the necessary approvals and permission for clinical research requires successful negotiation of the ethical and R&D layers of the NHS. Differences in structure and governance frameworks feature between the constituent nations of the UK (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), which adds complexity to cross-national studies. Difficulties in carrying out research in the NHS in the UK due

Andrew GH Thompson

2010-01-01

161

A solidarity-based approach to the governance of research biobanks.  

PubMed

New opportunities for large-scale data linkage and data-mining have rendered biobanks one of the core resources of medical research in the twenty-first century. At the same time, research biobanking has been seen to pose particular ethical and legal challenges pertaining to, for example, data protection, and the minimisation of other risks for participants. These measures have in turn led to heavy administrative, logistical, and financial costs and attracted criticism for unduly impeding disease research. Based on a newly formulated approach to solidarity, we propose an approach to governance that recognises people's willingness to participate in a public research biobank, and poses stronger emphasis on harm mitigation. We argue that such a model avoids some of the pitfalls of previous approaches. It also allows moving beyond overly restrictive and burdensome, exclusively autonomy-based governance towards governance that is reflective of people's willingness to accept costs to assist others. PMID:23325780

Prainsack, Barbara; Buyx, Alena

2013-01-16

162

Governing stem cell research in California and the USA: towards a social infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Owing to the restrictive human embryonic stem cell (hESC) policies of the US government, the question of whether to pursue human embryonic stem cell experi- ments has dominated the ethical and political discourse concerning such research. Explicit attention must now turn to problems of implementing the research on a large scale: in the 2004 US elections, California voters approved a

David E. Winickoff

2006-01-01

163

77 FR 64952 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; State Government Research and Development (R&D...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Research and Development (R&D) Survey AGENCY: U.S...2006 the State Government R&D Survey. The Census Bureau's...or development), and by R&D plant (e.g., construction...policy makers; institutional researchers; and private...

2012-10-24

164

Virtual Bacterial Identification Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of the lab is to familiarize you with the science and techniques used to identify different types of bacteria based on their DNA sequence. Not long ago, DNA sequencing was a time-consuming, tedious process. With readily available commercial equipment and kits, it is now routine. The techniques used in this lab are applicable in a wide variety of settings, including scientific research and forensic labs.

Joseph Perpich, M.D., J.D. (Howard Hughes Medical Institute;)

2008-04-16

165

Discipline or Interdisciplinary Study Domain? Challenges and Promises in Electronic Government Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital or Electronic Government Research (EGR) finds itself at a crossroads. While the body of electronic-Government-related\\u000a knowledge is rapidly growing, questions have been raised about whether EGR qualifies as a legitimate discipline, and what\\u000a the accepted methods and procedures of inquiry should be. This chapter proposes that EGR will be fortunate not to develop\\u000a into a traditional discipline and not

166

New governance arrangements for research ethics committees: is facilitating research achieved at the cost of participants' interest  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the UK's response to a recent European Clinical Trials Directive, namely the Department of Health, Central Office for Research Ethics Committee guidance, Governance Arrangements for NHS Research Ethics Committees. The revisions have been long awaited by researchers and research ethics committee members alike. They substantially reform the ethical review system in the UK. We examine the new arrangements and argue that though they go a long way toward addressing the uncertainty surrounding ethics committee function, the system favours the facilitation of research over the protection of the dignity and welfare of research participants.

Cave, E; Holm, S

2002-01-01

167

Research jobs for recent college graduates: A comparison between traditional lab technician positions and NIH's postbaccalaureate IRTA fellowship.  

PubMed Central

The features that distinguish the Postbaccalaureate IRTA experience from a normal lab tech job are the enhanced educational opportunities, greater independence, more organized social outlets and networking opportunities, life in the DC Metro area, and the NIH itself. Also, research experience looks great on a CV when applying for research jobs or graduate schools, and the NIH name and Postbaccalaureate IRTA fellowship are impressive to potential employers and admissions committees. On the other hand, lab tech jobs often require fewer commitments outside of a normal 9-to-5 work day and usually have better pay and benefits than the Postbaccalaureate IRTA fellowship. In addition, working at a specific university often carries the benefit of being closer to one’s family, friends, and/or significant others. Someone who does not like cities can choose to work at a university that has ready access to the beach, mountains, or regions of the country that are more personally appealing than the Washington, DC, area. Lab tech jobs also usually require at least a two year commitment, whereas the Postbac IRTA fellowship is generally a one year commitment (possibly two). Regardless of which option you choose, you should be active in searching for a job that lets you fulfill the goals you set for yourself in the years between graduating and starting graduate or medical school. Whether those goals are to publish, get experience, save money, or just enjoy yourself, with careful questioning and circumspection, you should be able to maximize the possibility that you will meet your goals.

Herbert, J. Taylor

2003-01-01

168

MIT Media Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The idea for the MIT Media Lab came out of work at the school's Architecture Machine group, and it formally opened the doors of its new building designed by I.M. Pei in 1985. In the Media Lab's first decade of operation, they worked on electronic music projects, holography, and cognition. Since then they have researched wireless communications, new forms of artistic expression, and so on. Interested parties will enjoy wandering their website, which includes sections on "Research", "People", "Events", and "News". The "LabCAST" area shouldn't be missed, and here visitors can watch video profiles of the latest work at the Media Lab. Recent profiles have looked at ways to use mobile phones to detect vision problems and new ways of reinventing the desk lamp. In the "Research" area, visitors can learn about the different groups and projects at the Media Lab, and also look over their publications.

169

IRM National Reference Series: Japan: An evaluation of government-sponsored energy conservation research and development  

SciTech Connect

Despite the recent drop in world oil prices, the Japanese government is continuing to stress energy conservation, because Japan relies on imports for 85% of its total energy requirements and virtually 100% of its petroleum. Japan stresses long-term developments and sees conservation as an integral part of its 50- to 100-year transition from fossil fuels to nuclear and renewable sources of energy. The Japanese government is targeting new materials, biotechnology, and electronics technologies as the foundation of Japan's economy in the 21st century. Most government research programs in Japan are governed by aggressive timetables and fixed technical goals and are usually guaranteed funding over a 5- to 10-year period. Of the major energy conservation research programs, the best known is the Moonlight Project, administered by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), and oriented towards end-use technologies such as Stirling engines and advanced heat pumps. Parts of MITI's Basic Technologies for Future Industries Program involve research in new materials and bioreactors. The Science and Technology Agency's Exploratory Research in Advanced Technologies (ERATO) Program is also investigating these technologies while emphasizing basic research. Other ministries supporting research related to energy conservation are the Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture and the Ministry of Construction. For 1985, government spending for energy conservation research was at least $50 million. Private sector funding of energy conservation research was $500 million in 1984. A brief outline of major programs and key participants is included for several of the most relevant technologies. An overview of Japan's experience in international scientific collaboration is also included.

Howard, C.D.

1987-07-01

170

Human Brains Engaged in Rat Brains: Student-driven Neuroanatomy Research in an Introductory Biology Lab Course  

PubMed Central

Inquiry-based laboratory instruction has been shown to actively engage students in the content and skills being taught. These courses are further intended to teach students not only what is known, but also the process by which investigators come to know it. We sought to take this approach one step further and incorporate novel research questions into an inquiry-based laboratory model early in the undergraduate course of study. In this research-based introductory laboratory course, first-year students acquired basic lab skills not just for their own sake, but rather within the context of a research question of a member of the faculty. Student projects investigated potential neuroanatomical changes in animal models of dyslexia and aging and included measurements of neuron numbers and levels and distribution of neuronal proteins. Students played an active role in designing and implementing an experimental plan, explored data analysis techniques, and reflected on the results that they obtained in scholarly forms such as research papers and a departmental poster session. Student feedback on this approach has been extremely positive, and the data collected were research quality preliminary data that are being actively pursued for further study. Based on our encouraging experiences, we conclude that designing an introductory course around novel research, including some assessments modeled after scholarly practices, provides motivation and excitement for the students, instills good scientific habits, and can potentially benefit departmental research.

Gardner, Stephanie M.; Adedokun, Omolola A.; Weaver, Gabriela C.; Bartlett, Edward L.

2011-01-01

171

An open-source LabVIEW application toolkit for phasic heart rate analysis in psychophysiological research.  

PubMed

The cardiovascular system has been extensively measured in a variety of research and clinical domains. Despite technological and methodological advances in cardiovascular science, the analysis and evaluation of phasic changes in heart rate persists as a way to assess numerous psychological concomitants. Some researchers, however, have pointed to constraints on data analysis when evaluating cardiac activity indexed by heart rate or heart period. Thus, an off-line application toolkit for heart rate analysis is presented. The program, written with National Instruments' LabVIEW, incorporates a variety of tools for off-line extraction and analysis of heart rate data. Current methods and issues concerning heart rate analysis are highlighted, and how the toolkit provides a flexible environment to ameliorate common problems that typically lead to trial rejection is discussed. Source code for this program may be downloaded from the Psychonomic Society Web archive at www.psychonomic.org/archive/. PMID:15641423

Duley, Aaron R; Janelle, Christopher M; Coombes, Stephen A

2004-11-01

172

Risk to Medicine or the Autonomy Rights of Subjects? Governing American Medical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Western European democracies today, research on human subjects requires that a proposed investigation receive ethical approval -- a long and burdensome system of governance that includes multiple reviews by a complex hierarchy of review boards. How did this ethical structure come about? A number of scholars have addressed this issue and generally argue along one of the following lines.

Gerald Kutcher

173

A qualitative study on clinical research in Finland: fragmented governance and volume in the 2000s  

PubMed Central

Objectives Although concerns over clinical research have been expressed, the governance of clinical research has been little studied. The aim was to describe research policy, volume, funding and concerns over clinical research in Finland. Design A qualitative study and the data were collected from various sources, including documents, statistics and semistructured expert interviews. Setting Finland. Results We found no national policy for clinical research. Many actors were responsible for facilitating, directing, regulating and funding clinical research, but no actor had the main responsibility. Health professionals were the main drivers for clinical research. The role of the health ministry was small. The ministry distributed state money for clinical research in health services (EVO-money), but did not use it to direct research. Municipalities responsible for health services or national health insurance had little interest in clinical research. The Academy of Finland had had initiatives to promote clinical research, but they had not materialised in funding. Clinical research was common and internationally competitive, but its volume had declined relatively in the 2000s. Industry was an important private funder, mainly supporting drug trials made for licensing purposes. Drug trials without an outside sponsor (academic projects) declined between 2002 and 2010. The funding and its targeting and amount were no one's responsibility. Concerns over clinical research were similar as in other countries, but it had appeared late. Conclusions Our results suggest fragmented governance and funding in clinical research. The unsystematic research environment has not prevented clinical research from flourishing, but the public health relevance of the research carried out and its sustainability are unclear.

Hemminki, Elina; Veerus, Piret; Virtanen, Jorma; Lehto, Juhani

2013-01-01

174

Transaction costs, opportunism, and governance: Contextual considerations and future research opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transaction cost theory (TCT) is one of the most dominant theoretical perspectives in contemporary business-to-business (B2B)\\u000a research. Our article provides a brief review of this theory and identifies six important contextual considerations for future\\u000a research. These considerations center on the topics of opportunism and governance and are intended to help refine and extend\\u000a TCT’s theoretical, methodological, and substantive scope. In

Aric Rindfleisch; Kersi Antia; Janet Bercovitz; James R. Brown; Joseph Cannon; Stephen J. Carson; Mrinal Ghosh; Susan Helper; Diana C. Robertson; Kenneth H. Wathne

2010-01-01

175

Cultivating the next generation of international digital government researchers: a community-building experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last two decades universities and post-secondary education policies have addressed globalization trends by internationalizing curricula and articulating global concern in their missions. This paper presents the evaluation of an international training program for early-career digital government researchers, designed to develop their interest and skill in cross-cultural, multidisciplinary, and practice-oriented research. The program overall appears to stimulate participants' individual

Natalie Helbig; Sharon S. Dawes; Jana Hrdinová; Meghan Cook

2011-01-01

176

The Governance of Solar Radiation Management Research: The Need for Innovative Institutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent policy failures to control reduction of green house gas emissions have spurred interest in the potential of deliberate large-scale intervention in the Earth's climate system, so-called "geoengineering," in order to reduce global warming. However, many of the ideas that have been proposed to date, notably the injection of sulphate aerosols into the stratosphere, a technique often referred to as solar radiation management (SRM), involve significant risks and uncertainties. Because of the potential risks of this research, and its controversial nature, there is broad agreement that it should be conducted, if at all, in accordance with appropriate governance. But what exactly is appropriate governance, and what are the bounds of political accountability? The research, particularly any field experiments, will have to be governed by institutions that are both effective and credible. Institutions might be public bodies, or they might systems of norms. We define "effective" to mean sufficiently protective of human and environmental health, and "credible" to mean trusted by the public and affected parties. Neither effective nor credible governance can be achieved by scientific elites alone. Designing such institutions will be a major challenge given the scope of the problem, the inherited political landscape, and the bars to discussion posed by technical content. Task force on Climate Remediation at the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington has recently recommended that the US begin research on a wide variety of technologies to see if any hold promise for ameliorating the extreme effects of climate change. As members of that task force, we will present some of its ideas for institutionalizing governance over that research, and add detail to recommendations therein, especially concerning the creation of new kinds of institutions. Past experiences with the governance of controversial technologies -- such as GMOs, pharmaceuticals, and nuclear energy -- provide important comparative case studies. Governing institutions have the important role of developing societal capacity to deliberate about SRM within the context of the larger climate problem. Overall, governance must enable good decisions about how risky research is conducted and to create the conditions under which new knowledge can be

Long, J. C.; Winickoff, D.

2011-12-01

177

Government can regulate food advertising to children because cognitive research shows that it is inherently misleading.  

PubMed

The childhood obesity crisis has prompted repeated calls for government action to curb the marketing of unhealthy food to children. Food and entertainment industry groups have asserted that the First Amendment prohibits such regulation. However, case law establishes that the First Amendment does not protect "inherently misleading" commercial speech. Cognitive research indicates that young children cannot effectively recognize the persuasive intent of advertising or apply the critical evaluation required to comprehend commercial messages. Given this combination--that government can prohibit "inherently misleading" advertising and that children cannot adequately understand commercial messages--advertising to children younger than age twelve should be considered beyond the scope of constitutional protection. PMID:22323170

Graff, Samantha; Kunkel, Dale; Mermin, Seth E

2012-02-01

178

The LabWrite Project: Experiences reforming lab report writing practice in undergraduate lab courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory reports have always been a part of the modern science and engineering curricula. However, it has also often been the least liked part of a students' (and instructors') laboratory experience. Despite research demonstrating the importance of lab reports to the undergraduate science and engineering lab experience, instructors are likely to minimize their use. Lab reports have been replaced with

Eric N. Wiebe; Catherine E. Brawner; Michael Carter; Miriam G. Ferzli

2005-01-01

179

An international comparison of government expenditures for energy conservation research and development:  

SciTech Connect

This study provides a comparison of US and foreign government spending for energy conservation research and development (R and D). The countries included in this analysis are: the United States, United Kingdom, France, Sweden, West Germany, and Japan. The approach of this paper was to compare the research program of each country at a high level of aggregation with the US Department of Energy (DOE) program structure. This paper does not allow for differences in the way each country defines or accounts for research.

McDonald, S.C.

1988-03-01

180

With NSF Support, Research Moves into Science Labs of 2-Year Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Original research in biology, which is thought to spark student interest and bolster majors, makes its way to the associate-degree level. Through a grant from the National Science Foundation, students of biology in community colleges will have the chance to do research on open-ended, real-world questions with no predetermined answers--and…

Berrett, Dan

2012-01-01

181

With NSF Support, Research Moves into Science Labs of 2-Year Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Original research in biology, which is thought to spark student interest and bolster majors, makes its way to the associate-degree level. Through a grant from the National Science Foundation, students of biology in community colleges will have the chance to do research on open-ended, real-world questions with no predetermined answers--and…

Berrett, Dan

2012-01-01

182

Risk analysis in research environment – Part II: Weighting Lab Criticity Index using the Analytic Hierarchy Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new methodology for risk analysis, namely Laboratory Assessment and Risk Analysis – LARA, is proposed in the companion paper to assess risks in research\\/academia environment. The core of this methodology relies on defining the adequate role player factors to assess risks in research environment and their mathematical combination to quantify and assess the risk. Quantitative outcome of the analysis

Aristide Ouédraogo; Amela Groso; Thierry Meyer

2011-01-01

183

Government Research and Development Summaries: Chemical, Electrical, Mechanical, Nuclear, TE, TI, Solar, Magnetohydrodynamic, and Systems Project Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Government Research and Development Summaries now available from NTIS are project Briefs prepared by the Interagency Advanced Power Group. The authors describe the status of all programs in the fields of advanced power research, development and engine...

1988-01-01

184

The new science and engineering management: cooperative research centers as government policies, industry strategies, and organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative research centers (CRCs) are key mechanisms for national and subnational governments and private industry for achieving\\u000a social and economic outcomes with science and technology. Despite growing policy and scholarly interest in the management\\u000a and productivity of CRCs, their complex and variegated nature has led to limited and inconsistent understanding of CRCs. In\\u000a this introduction to this Special Issue of

Craig Boardman; Denis Gray

2010-01-01

185

Australian Universities, Government Research and the Application of Climate Change Knowledge in Australian Coastal Zone Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a One of the key issues in Australia for sustainable management of the coastal zone is that the science of climate change has\\u000a not been widely used by decision-makers to inform coastal governance. There exist opportunities to enhance the dialogue between\\u000a knowledge-makers and decision-makers, and universities have a key role to play in researching and fostering better linkages.\\u000a At the heart

Laura Stocker; Bob Pokrant; David Wood; Nick Harvey; Marcus Haward; Kevin O’Toole; Tim Smith

186

Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North Carolina Community College System BioNetwork's interactive eLearning tools (IETs) are reusable chunks of training that can be deployed in a variety of courses or training programs. IETs are designed to enhance, not replace hands-on training. Learners are able to enter a hands-on lab experience better prepared and more confident. This particular IET delves into laboratory safety, and covers interacting with the lab environment and a new lab partner. Topics covered include proper dress, housekeeping, safety equipment, mixing, fire safety, and spills. When the module is completed, visitors will be able to demonstrate proper lab safety techniques.

2012-11-06

187

LabTrove: A Lightweight, Web Based, Laboratory "Blog" as a Route towards a Marked Up Record of Work in a Bioscience Research Laboratory  

PubMed Central

Background The electronic laboratory notebook (ELN) has the potential to replace the paper notebook with a marked-up digital record that can be searched and shared. However, it is a challenge to achieve these benefits without losing the usability and flexibility of traditional paper notebooks. We investigate a blog-based platform that addresses the issues associated with the development of a flexible system for recording scientific research. Methodology/Principal Findings We chose a blog-based approach with the journal characteristics of traditional notebooks in mind, recognizing the potential for linking together procedures, materials, samples, observations, data, and analysis reports. We implemented the LabTrove blog system as a server process written in PHP, using a MySQL database to persist posts and other research objects. We incorporated a metadata framework that is both extensible and flexible while promoting consistency and structure where appropriate. Our experience thus far is that LabTrove is capable of providing a successful electronic laboratory recording system. Conclusions/Significance LabTrove implements a one-item one-post system, which enables us to uniquely identify each element of the research record, such as data, samples, and protocols. This unique association between a post and a research element affords advantages for monitoring the use of materials and samples and for inspecting research processes. The combination of the one-item one-post system, consistent metadata, and full-text search provides us with a much more effective record than a paper notebook. The LabTrove approach provides a route towards reconciling the tensions and challenges that lie ahead in working towards the long-term goals for ELNs. LabTrove, an electronic laboratory notebook (ELN) system from the Smart Research Framework, based on a blog-type framework with full access control, facilitates the scientific experimental recording requirements for reproducibility, reuse, repurposing, and redeployment.

Milsted, Andrew J.; Hale, Jennifer R.; Frey, Jeremy G.; Neylon, Cameron

2013-01-01

188

Lab animal allergy surveillance at a private medical school in three dissimilar animal research facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very few studies have described MUP-1 concentrations and measured prevalence of Laboratory Animal Allergy (LAA) at such a diverse institution as the private medical school (MS) that is the focus of this study. Air sampling was performed in three dissimilar animal research facilities at MS and quantitated using a commercially available ELISA. Descriptive data was obtained from an anonymous laboratory

Jeffrey P Feinberg

2007-01-01

189

Feasibility Study for a Proposed Physical Fitness Center and a Super Circuit Lab. Research Report Series Volume XIV, No. 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) to determine the feasibility of establishing a flexible hour physical fitness center and super circuit lab at the college. Designed for use by community residents of all ages and physical fitness levels, the Super Circuit Lab would provide circuit weight machines and cardiovascular…

Bechtold, Roger; And Others

190

From the lab to the police station. A successful application of eyewitness research.  

PubMed

The U.S. Department of Justice released the first national guide for collecting and preserving eyewitness evidence in October 1999. Scientific psychology played a large role in making a case for these procedural guidelines as well as in setting a scientific foundation for the guidelines, and eyewitness researchers directly participated in writing them. The authors describe how eyewitness researchers shaped understanding of eyewitness evidence issues over a long period of time through research and theory on system variables. Additional pressure for guidelines was applied by psychologists through expert testimony that focused on deficiencies in the procedures used to collect the eyewitness evidence. DNA exoneration cases were particularly important in leading U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno to notice the eyewitness literature in psychology and to order the National Institute of Justice to coordinate the development of national guidelines. The authors describe their experience as members of the working group, which included prosecutors, defense lawyers, and law enforcement officers from across the country. PMID:10892200

Wells, G L; Malpass, R S; Lindsay, R C; Fisher, R P; Turtle, J W; Fulero, S M

2000-06-01

191

USMES Design Lab Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Design Lab Manual provides a detailed description of various types of Design Labs used in the USMES program. Chapters cover the USMES Design Lab concept; tone of Design Lab activities; in-class Design Lab; portable Design Lab; the Design Lab room; cost/scrounging; staffing and scheduling a Design Lab; Design Lab training for teachers; Design…

Education Development Center, Inc., Newton, MA.

192

Government-industry-uUniversity and rResearch lLaboratories cCoordination for new product development: Session 2. Government research laboratory perspective  

SciTech Connect

This talk is the second in an expanded series of presentations on the Government-Industry-University and Research Laboratories Coordination for new product development, which is a timely and important public policy issue. Such interactions have become particularly timely in light of the present decline in funding for research and development (R&D) in the nation`s budget and in the private sector. These interactions, at least in principle, provide a means to maximize benefits for the greater good of the nation by pooling the diminishing resources. National laboratories, which traditionally interacted closely with the universities in educational training, now are able to also participate closely with industry in joint R&D thanks to a number of public laws legislated since the early 80s. A review of the experiences with such interactions at Argonne National Laboratory, which exemplifies the national laboratories, shows that, despite differences in their traditions and the missions, the national laboratory-industry-university triangle can work together.

Kuzay, T.M.

1997-09-01

193

Dauphin Island Sea Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dauphin Island Sea Lab is Alabama's marine education and research center. Lab also provides a public aquarium that focuses solely on the native eco-systems of the Mobile Bay estuary. Site provides information on graduate programs, undergraduate opportunities, faculty, facilities, and news and events. Explore the Education and Aquarium sections for teacher resources and information on workshops, student summer camps, and academic-year programs.

194

Transmuted Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes a first year high school chemistry lab program which its author has developed over the past fifteen years. It features laboratory exercises that have have been altered ("transmuted") so that students may be evaluated on the accuracy of their work. For example, a traditional lab may ask that students determine the amount of product obtained from a reaction and compare it to theoretical value. In its transmuted form this lab would require that students either deduce the mass of a reactant from a measured mass of product, or perhaps predict the mass of product from a known mass of reactant. The author reports that lab exercises transmuted in this way work well with beginning students because the labs 1) make immediate sense to scientifically unsophisticated students, 2) challenge students to do their best work, 3) motivate by enlisting students' desires for social recognition, and 4) appeal to students' love of games and play.

Plumsky, Roger

1996-05-01

195

Undergraduate Biology Lab Courses: Comparing the Impact of Traditionally Based "Cookbook" and Authentic Research-Based Courses on Student Lab Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, several reports have recommended a shift in undergraduate biology laboratory courses from traditionally structured, often described as "cookbook," to authentic research-based experiences. This study compares a cookbook-type laboratory course to a research-based undergraduate biology laboratory course at a Research 1…

Brownell, Sara E.; Kloser, Matthew J.; Fukami, Tadishi; Shavelson, Rich

2012-01-01

196

Science Update on the Hawaii Undersea Research Lab's Deep Submergence Operations in 2006 and Beyond  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory (HURL), the NOAA Undersea Research Program (NURP) Center for Hawaii and the Western Pacific, is one of six regional NURP Centers specializing in providing scientists with the tools and expertise they need to investigate the undersea environment, including HOVs, ROVs, and other cutting edge technologies. Established at the University of Hawaii 26 years ago, HURL's mission is to study deep water marine processes in the Pacific Ocean through a competitive proposal and review process. The dual Pisces IV and Pisces V 2000-meter HOV, an RCV-150 900-meter ROV, and multibeam equipped support ship R/V Ka`imikai-o-Kanaloa (KoK) have been continuously upgraded and adapted to carry out cutting edge scientific expeditions. Following a successful far ranging five month program to the South Pacific in 2005, a complete overhaul for Pisces IV was carried out in the first half of 2006 with science dives in the main Hawaiian Islands taking place from August to December. Sixty Pisces dives are being performed for over 25 principal investigators and senior scientists in 10 projects. These projects include studies of deep-water benthic algae, the ecology of submarine canyons, paleo-sea level study, explosive volcanism on Loihi Seamount, drowned reefs off the northeastern coast of the Big Island of Hawaii, followed by several dive series with multiple biological, reef, and fisheries PIs working off Oahu, Molokai, Maui, and Lanai on bottomfish, artificial reef, precious coral, and invasive species assessments. Complete overhaul of Pisces V will be done in 2007, after which a fall program in the newly designated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument is expected. Following that, preparations will begin in earnest for the FY 2008 expedition to the North Pacific. This expedition is anticipated to be six months in length and involve over 80 HOV dives. It will cover the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, Emperor Seamounts, and the coasts of Alaska, Washington, Oregon, and California. It will be HURL's longest expedition surpassing the 2005 South Pacific Expedition by more than one month and a joint RFP will be advertised between NURP, Ocean Exploration, and Marine Sanctuaries.

Smith, J. R.; Wiltshire, J. C.; Orange, R. S.

2006-12-01

197

Computer Lab  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS geologists Peter Triezenberg and William Danforth sit with WHOI/LDEO Computer Technician Tom Bolmer in the Healy computer lab. This was during a scientific expedition to map the Arctic seafloor....

2009-01-28

198

Status and future of government-supported amorphous silicon research in the United States  

SciTech Connect

The Amorphous Silicon Research Project (ASRP) was established at the Solar Energy Research Institute in 1983 and is responsible for all US Department of Energy government supported research activities in the field of amorphous silicon photovoltaics. The objectives and research directions of the project have been established by a Five-Year Research Plan, which was developed at SERI in cooperation with the Department of Energy in 1984 and is divided into research on single-junction and multi-junction solar cells. DOE/SERI has recently initiated a new three year program to be performed in collaboration with US industry to perform work on high efficiency amorphous silicon solar cells and submodules. The objectives of this initiative are: (i) to achieve 18% efficiencies for small area multi-junction amorphous silicon cells, and (ii) to achieve amorphous silicon submodule efficiencies in the 10 to 13% range for single-junction and multi-junction submodule configurations over areas of at least 1000 cm/sup 2/.

Wallace, W.L.; Sabisky, E.S.

1986-06-01

199

Status and future of government-supported amorphous silicon research in the US  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Amorphous Silicon Research Project (ASRP) was established at the Solar Energy Research Institute in 1983 and is responsible for all US Department of Energy government supported research activities in the field of amorphous silicon photovoltaics. The objectives and research directions of the project have been established by a Five-Year Research Plan, which was developed at SERI in cooperation with the Department of Energy in 1984 and is divided into research on single-junction and multi-junction solar cells. DOE/SERI has recently initiated a new three year program to be performed in collaboration with US industry to perform work on high efficiency amorphous silicon solar cells and submodules. The objectives of this initiative are: (1) to achieve 18% efficiencies for small area multi-junction amorphous silicon cells, and (2) to achieve amorphous silicon submodule efficiencies in the 10 to 13% range for single-junction and multi-junction submodule configurations over areas of at least 1000 cm.

Wallace, W. L.; Sabisky, E. S.

1986-06-01

200

Poverty Action Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many laboratories focus their attention on topics like Alzheimer's research, but this laboratory at MIT focuses on poverty. The objective of their work at the Poverty Action Lab is "to improve the effectiveness of poverty programs by providing policy makers with clear scientific results that help shape successful polices to combat poverty." The Lab was started in June 2003 by a group of professors at MIT and their collaborators. Visitors to the site will note that the materials here are divided into sections that include "Research", "People", "News", and "Courses". The "Research" section is a great place to start as policy makers and others can look over their completed projects (such as "Discrimination in the Job Market") and their publications. Moving on, visitors can click on the "People" section to learn more about their staff and directors. Finally, those who are curious about the reach of the Poverty Lab's work will want to look at their media features in the "News" section.

201

The Public Health Service Guidelines. Governing Research Involving Human Subjects an Analysis of the Policy-Making Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The policy making process which led to development of the Public Health Service Guidelines governing research involving human subjects is outlined. Part 1 examines the evolution of PHS Guidelines, tracing (1) evolution of thought and legal interpretation ...

M. S. Frankel

1972-01-01

202

Preventing biological weapon development through the governance of life science research.  

PubMed

The dual-use dilemma in the life sciences-that illicit applications draw on the same science and technology base as legitimate applications-makes it inherently difficult to control one without inhibiting the other. Since before the September 11 attacks, the science and security communities in the United States have struggled to develop governance processes that can simultaneously minimize the risk of misuse of the life sciences, promote their beneficial applications, and protect the public trust. What has become clear over that time is that while procedural steps can be specified for assessing and managing dual-use risks in the review of research proposals, oversight of ongoing research, and communication of research results, the actions or decisions to be taken at each of these steps to mitigate dual-use risk defy codification. Yet the stakes are too high to do nothing, or to be seen as doing nothing. The U.S. government should therefore adopt an oversight framework largely along the lines recommended by the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity almost 5 years ago-one that builds on existing processes, can gain buy-in from the scientific community, and can be implemented at modest cost (both direct and opportunity), while providing assurance that a considered and independent examination of dual-use risks is being applied. Without extraordinary visibility into the actions of those who would misuse biology, it may be impossible to know how well such an oversight system will actually succeed at mitigating misuse. But maintaining the public trust will require a system to be established in which reasonably foreseeable dual-use consequences of life science research are anticipated, evaluated, and addressed. PMID:22455676

Epstein, Gerald L

2012-03-01

203

UC Berkeley Lab Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California at Berkeley College of Engineering publishes Lab Notes, a newsletter from the Public Affairs Office. The mission is "to illuminate groundbreaking research underway today at the College of Engineering that will dramatically change our lives tomorrow." Lab Notes is available online free of charge. Articles in the November 2004 issue highlight robot technology, satellite communications, and a radio observatory project. Each short article includes images or videos and links to related articles and researchers' websites. Previous issues are saved in an online archive.

204

Research on particularity in the frame construction of corporate governance of Chinese certified public accountants profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

The profession of Chinese certified public accountants (CPA) has the particularity in corporate governance, which is mainly reflected in the following basic elements of corporate governance framework: Shareholders, board of directors, managers, government supervision agencies, professional self-regulatory organization, employees, other stakeholders, markets and information disclosure. The particularity is not recognized in practice, which results in the imperfectness in corporate governance

Guofu Wang

2010-01-01

205

G-Governance in India: Search for a Suitable Framework and Research Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

G-governance involves the use of geo-information and communication technologies (geo-ICTs). The paper starts with a working model of governance and constructs a g-governance framework. It describes the guiding principles, enablers, de-enablers, and strategies for g-governance. The Right to Information Act (RTI), the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP), and the National Map Policy (MNP) are part of the shift towards openness and

Pramod K. Singh

2009-01-01

206

Research and Teaching: Traditional and Constructivist Teaching Techniques--Comparing Two Groups of Undergraduate Nonscience Majors in a Biology Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Constructivist teaching techniques work well in various instructional settings, but many teachers remain skeptical because there is a lack of quantitative data supporting this model. This study compared an undergraduate nonmajors biology lab section taught in a traditional teacher-centered style to a similar section taught as a constructivist class. Weekly lab quiz scores, attendance, a science attitude inventory, and an analysis of videotapes were used to determine whether student interest and performance were affected by the teaching style used. Evaluative tests showed many significant differences between the groups and demonstrated that the constructivist class had higher quiz scores, more appreciation of science, better attendance, and increased participation in the lab activities than the traditional group.

Travis, Holly; Lord, Thomas

2004-11-01

207

Government-promoted collective research and development in Japan: Analyses of the organization through case studies  

SciTech Connect

A study was commissioned by the Energy Conservation and Utilization Technologies (ECUT) Program of the US Department of Energy (DOE) to better understand the strategies used for cooperative and joint-venture research and development (R D) overseas. The study evaluates the organization and management of several different types of cooperative R D programs in Japan that are sponsored under the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) Program, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology (ERATO) Program, and the Key Technology Center (KTC) Program. The ERATO Program grew out of a concern over revising the government's approach to supporting research and technology development. The program was initiated to address what was regarded as a lack of creativity in areas at the forefront of science. The program recruits young researchers and allows them flexibility to explore multi-disciplinary areas at the forefront of science. It has been organized to allow for individual creativity but at the same time to benefit from the combined knowledge of an assembly of researchers. Because the plan is such a radical departure from conventional Japanese philosophy, it has met with certain bureaucratic obstacles. Visits to four ERATO projects are described. The third program, the KTC Program, focuses on getting private firms to venture into risky areas of advanced technology to pave the way for future industries. Its goal is to encourage a shift of resources in the private sector toward areas that are considered essential for the competitive development of future industries. The principal philosophy behind the KTC is that the private sector is in the best position to identify promising technical challenges and to weigh their commercial potential against research uncertainties. Three KTC research joint ventures are briefly described. 13 refs., 9 figs., 35 tabs.

Hane, G.J.

1990-06-01

208

Safer Science: Computer Safety in the Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today, it is common to find desktops, laptops, netbooks, and specialized handheld devices in the science lab, and the internet is often used for research and collaboration between learners. The pervasive use of computer technology in high school labs toda

Roy, Ken

2010-11-01

209

USC: The Interaction Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Interaction Lab at the University of Southern California is part of the Center for Robotics and Embedded Systems (CRES) and the USC Robotics Labs. Its work involves "using a behavior-based approach to control, favoring solutions that are distributed, scalable, and robust" and when possible, validating algorithms in embodied domains. Areas of study include: Multi-Robot Coordination and Learning, Humanoid Robot Control and Learning, Learning by Imitation, Assistive Human-Robot Interaction, and Activity Modeling. The website provides short descriptions and research goals for each of these areas and related projects. Several publications and videos resulting from these projects are also posted online. The "fun" section offers a glimpse of the good times shared by the lab researchers.

210

Virtual Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These virtual labs from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute allow students to experience laboratory procedures as if they were a professional scientist. Students can isolate and analyze bacterial DNA sequences, examine cardiac patients, dissect a leech, or diagnose diseases by detecting the presence of antibodies. These virtual labs include animated steps that must be performed, along with textual instructions and explanations so that students understand not only what they are doing, but also why they are doing it. This is an extensive Web site that offers a lot to learn, and a chance to have fun in the process.

1969-12-31

211

Butterfly Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site comes from the Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum's Judy Istock Butterfly Haven, located in Chicago, Illinois. Designed for students in grades 7-12, Butterfly Lab offers online activities and materials covering butterfly anatomy, life cycle, behavior, and related topics. Detailed information is accompanied by colorful diagrams and photographs. Butterfly Lab also offers three offline activities involving butterfly anatomy, movement, identification, handling, and more. Students may submit their offline creations to be posted on the Web site. An audio feature allows users to listen to the Museum's director of biology discuss butterfly biology. The site includes a guide for teachers and a FAQ page.

212

Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program, a government-industry research partnership  

SciTech Connect

The 21st Century Truck Program has been established as a government-industry research partnership to support the development and implementation of commercially viable technologies that will dramatically cut fuel use and emissions of commercial trucks and buses while enhancing their safety and affordability as well as maintaining or enhancing performance. The innovations resulting from this program will reduce dependence on foreign oil, improve our nation's air quality, provide advanced technology for military vehicles, and enhance the competitiveness of the U.S. truck and bus industry while ensuring safe and affordable freight and bus transportation for the nation's economy. This Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program has been prepared to guide the development of the technical advancements that will enable the needed improvements in commercial truck fuel economy, emissions, and safety.

None

2000-12-01

213

Policy Makers' Views on the Application of Research and Technology to Local Government: A Preliminary Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The role of technology and reserch in the public sector is discussed in an attempt to identify programs or approaches sponsored by the Federal government which have been effective or could be enhanced by local governments. Major topics examined include: (...

1981-01-01

214

Lab Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses barriers individuals face in using computers in the classroom and the importance of eliminating these barriers. The article notes that visual, mobility, and hearing impairments are the disabilities most often encountered in school labs and that numerous software and hardware tools are available to help individuals with these disabilities…

Jones, Linda

1997-01-01

215

Labs: 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a variety of topics discussed in this column and at a biology teachers' workshop concerning the quality and value of lab techniques used for teaching high school biology. Topics included are Drosophila salivary glands, sea urchins, innovations, dyes and networking. (CW)|

Igelsrud, Don, Ed.

1988-01-01

216

Reading Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended for use in conducting a reading lab for a broad group of workers ranging from nonreaders to persons reading at a fifth-grade level. Presented first is a course overview that includes the following: information on the course's targeted population, student selection process, and demographics; strategies for adult remediation;…

Burt, Lorna

217

TOPS Biology Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Several advanced labs on key topics such as Drosophila genetics and photosynthesis help bridge the gap between current biology and chemistry curricula. Designed to integrate easily into the high school curriculum, the experiments employ commercially available data analysis software as well as technologies used in research laboratories.

Chris L.Craney (Program Director) Occidental College faculty and high school teachers in the TOPS program (Occidental College;)

2010-06-18

218

Sector Differences in the Role of Institutional Research in Informing Decision Making and Governance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The intent of the authors in preparing this paper is to compare and contrast the roles of Institutional Research in informing decision making and governance in higher education. Using a case study format the authors will provide an example of a research project conducted within each of the following sectors of United States higher education…

Coughlin, Mary Ann; Hoey, Joseph; Hirano-Nakanishi, Marsha

2009-01-01

219

The Balance between Teaching and Research in Dutch and English Universities in the Context of University Governance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency, effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we…

Leisyte, Liudvika; Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry

2009-01-01

220

Research on effect factors and mechanism of Chinese family business governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

After 30 years of rapid growth, Chinese family businesses (CFBs) have become a critical force in boosting the national economic performance and structural adjustment. The property rights system innovation emerged as the core and bottleneck of the CFBs governance when they first implemented asset accumulation and encountered governance dilemma. We analyzed the contingent factors in determining the governance pattern as

Song Li-li

2010-01-01

221

Research on Framework of Public Crisis Management System under the Circumstance of E-Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid development of E-governance provides favorable conditions for effective prevention, instant response and comprehensive evaluation of modern crisis. This essay proposes the overall framework of government crisis management system under electronic governance. It also makes detailed introduction of the four sections and their respective functions that make up the framework, which are safety pre-warning subsystem, status tracking subsystem, emergency

Hu Da-li; Wang Hua-lin; Wu Chang-nan

2008-01-01

222

Earth Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earth Lab is a database of fossils, minerals and rocks from the UK. A photograph is displayed for each specimen selected, as well as the scientific name, location and properties or age of the specimen. The fossils can be searched by area, age, and group; minerals by area, element, group, and property; and rocks by area, geological age, and type of rock. A series of questions allows users to identify their own specimens.

223

Echolocation Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lab, learners experience how dolphins and other echolocating animals use their senses to locate and identify objects without using their sense of sight. To simulate this process, learners work in pairs (one blindfolded and one using a water gun), shoot at targets, listen to the sound of the water hitting the target, and attempt to guess the target's shape and material. Learners also analyze how distance affects echolocation and how tuna nets impact dolphins' ability to echolocate.

Mills, Donald

2009-01-01

224

Improving the Quality of Lab Reports by Using Them as Lab Instructions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lab exercises are quite popular in teaching science. Teachers have numerous goals in mind when teaching science laboratories. Nevertheless, empirical research draws a heterogeneous picture of the benefits of lab work. Research has shown that it does not necessarily contribute to the enhancement of practical abilities or content knowledge. Lab

Haagen-Schuetzenhoefer, Claudia

2012-01-01

225

Firm-level Responses to Government Regulation: Theoretical and Research Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the relationship between business firms and government has usually been approached in terms of its effects on the process of representative democracy (i.e., the implications of business political activity for the functioning of government). More recently, perspectives on business-government relations have developed within a managerial framework [i.e., from the viewpoint of the corporation and the manager]. This article discusses

Brian Shaffer

1995-01-01

226

Firm-level responses to government regulation: Theoretical and research approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the relationship between business firms and government has usually been approached in terms of its effects on the process of representative democracy (i.e., the implications of business political activity for the functioning of government). More recently, perspectives on business-government relations have developed within a managerial framework [i.e., from the viewpoint of the corporation and the manager]. This article discusses

Brian Shaffer

1995-01-01

227

Mining industry and US government cooperative research: Lessons learned and benefits to mining industry  

SciTech Connect

Since 1994, various mines in the US have cooperated with research scientists at the Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories to address issues related to verification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The CTBT requires that no country may conduct any nuclear explosion in the future. While the CTBT is a significant step toward reducing the global nuclear danger, verifying compliance with the treat requires that the monitoring system be able to detect, locate and identify much larger numbers of smaller amplitude seismic events than had been required previously. Large mining blasts conducted world-wide will be of sufficient amplitude to trigger the monitoring system at the lower threshold. It is therefore imperative that research into the range various blasting practices employed, the relationship of yield to seismic magnitude, and identification of anomalous blasting results be performed. This paper will describe a suite of experiments funded by the Department of Energy and conducted by the Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories in cooperation with the US mining industry. Observations of cast blasting, underground long wall generated coal bumps, stoping, and explosively induced collapse of room and pillar panels will be presented. Results of these dual use experiments which are of interest to the mining community will be discussed. These include (1) variation of amplitude of seismic energy at various azimuths from cast blasts, (2) identification of the extent of back failure following explosive removal of pillars, and (3) the use of single fired shots for calibration of the monitoring system. The wealth of information and discovery described in this paper is a direct result of mutual cooperation between the US Government and the US Mining Industry.

Pearson, D.C.; Stump, B.W.; Phillips, W.S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Earth and Environmental Sciences Div.; Martin, R. [Thunder Basin Coal Co. (United States); Anderson, D.P. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences

1997-09-01

228

Empirical research on local government sustainability efforts in the USA: gaps in the current literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local governments play a vital role in fostering sustainable development. In recent years, several municipalities in the USA have launched sustainability initiatives, adding to the worldwide movement to create a more sustainable future. This article synthesises the existing literature on local government sustainability with the goal of identifying the range of knowledge and ideas as it currently exists in the

Devashree Saha

2009-01-01

229

The multi-layer governance of incomplete market : Research based on comparative institutional experimentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on the characteristics, efficiencies and interaction of many alternative market governance modes, by the approach of comparative institutional experimentation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – First, a highly simplified model of market economy is developed, which is embedded in a three-layer governance structure. Then the model is transplanted into laboratory experimentation, so the characteristics

Li Weian; Li Xiaoyi; Li Jianbiao

2010-01-01

230

Insights on Water Governance: Research in the Middle East\\/North Africa and Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

International attention on water management issues focuses on crises of governance and the factors that endanger the water rights of marginalized people. We define effective water governance as the processes that encourage people to actively participate in designing, planning, managing and implementing water management activities while fostering communities ability to innovate and adapt to changing circumstances. In other words, water

Bruce Currie-Alder; Lorra Thompson; Rocio Bustamante

2006-01-01

231

A U.S. government publications collection in a non-depository research library A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The collection development method of most research libraries for U.S. government publications is to participate in the Federal Depository Library (FDLP). This article offers a case study of a medium-size research library without depository status that maintains a comparable 80 percent U.S. documents collection through several major microfiche collections and selected subscriptions. Offered as an alternative method of collecting U.S.

C. Diann Weatherly

1996-01-01

232

Summary Research Report on Critical Success Factors in Federal Government Program Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This pilot study identifies critical success factors common to government acquisition programs. It demonstrates that how these factors are identified and used, how they are measured, and how they are influenced should he a mandatory component of education...

J. H. Dobbins R. G. Donnelly

1998-01-01

233

New Research on the Relationships between Philadelphians' Educational Attainment and Their Employment, Earnings and Contributions to Government and Society. Research Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three recently-released research reports commissioned through Project U-Turn and funded by the William Penn Foundation and the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry offer analyses that shed new light on the relationships between Philadelphians' educational attainment and their earnings, employment and contributions to government and…

Philadelphia Youth Network, 2009

2009-01-01

234

Paleotempestology Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This introductory lab introduces students to stratigraphic correlation and the dating of geologic materials. Students analyze sediment cores derived from coastal marshes that preserve a record of past hurricane activity. The task is for students to assess the past frequency and intensity of hurricane activity in the region from which the cores were derived. In teams, students log the sedimentological variations in the cores. Then each individual student builds stratigraphic columns for each core. Based on their stratigraphic columns, students try to preliminarily correlate hurricane events between the cores. In small teams, they then collectively decide to "purchase" absolute dates using a fixed budget to test their preliminary correlations and arrive at an overall interpretation of the hurricane activity in the region.

Lawrence, Kira

235

HHMI: Virtual Neurophysiology Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Virtual Lab provides students the opportunity to explore the electrical activity of individual neurons by virtually stimulating the skin of a leech. A lab notebook, equipment list, atlas of cells and recordings is provided to simulate a lab activity.

HHMI (Howard Hughes Medical Institute)

2012-12-01

236

Internet Research, Uncensored  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author discusses a computer program called Psiphon which bypasses government filters undetected. The University of Toronto's Citizen Lab, a research center for digital media and politics, designed Psiphon for technology-savvy activists. Some technology-savvy activists use other open-source software, like Tor (which relies on…

Kean, Sam

2007-01-01

237

LabWrite: Improving Lab Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LabWrite is a tool for instructing students in organizing and preparing proper lab reports. The tool is organized into four sections: PreLab, where students answer a series of questions to prepare an introduction; InLab, a laboratory notebook for taking notes on lab procedures and recording data and observations; PostLab, a guide for writing the report; and LabCheck, a guide and checklist for checking over and revising a lab report before submitting it. Each section operates in a choice of modes: self-guiding, hardcopy handouts, or interactive tutoring. There is also a set of additional resources for constructing graphs, writing, documenting sources, writing proposals, and others. A version for younger students is also included.

238

Decisions Shape a Lab (Lab Notes).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers questions to guide both initial and ongoing development of a computer writing lab. Discusses ways mobile workstations (consisting of a computer, printer, overhead, and a LCD projection unit) will extend the writing lab. (SR)

Porter, Bernajean

1992-01-01

239

Digital Scholarship Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Richmond, the Digital Scholarship Lab develops "innovative digital humanities projects that contribute to research and teaching at and beyond the University of Richmond." On the website, visitors can learn about ongoing projects, publications, and the Lab's team of dedicated professionals. The Projects section is quite remarkable, as it contains seven unique projects, including Visualizing Emancipation, Hidden Patterns of the Civil War, and Mining the Dispatch. This last project is fantastic, exploring "the dramatic and often traumatic changes in the social and political life of Civil War Richmond" through the articles of the Richmond Daily Dispatch. There are also several Mini-Projects, which include a meditation on Pac-Man and the fascinating Americans in Paris. The Publications and Presentations area includes links to presentations given by staff members, along with commentaries and the like. The site is rounded out by the News area and an About area which provides details on the staff.

2013-01-15

240

From One Bioscientist to Another: Guidelines for Researching and Writing About Bisexuality for the Lab and Biosciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bisexuality is studied within the biological sciences, in fields like neuroscience, biopsychology, evolution and biomedicine, yet these fields typically do not train researchers to consider the social locations of their participants. However, bisexuality is a marginalized sexuality, and minorities and researchers have increasingly called for scientific research to attend to issues around power and social identity. This article provides a

Sari van Anders

2012-01-01

241

Highlights of Reading Research in the Labs and Centers of the U.S. Department of Education. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The U.S. Department of Education's Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI) promotes excellence and equity in education by conducting research and demonstration projects, collecting statistics, disseminating information, and providing technical assistance to those working to improve education. OERI supports two major research and…

Brynildssen, Shawna

242

Empirical research on information resources allocation's performance of Chinese government in crisis management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tries to evaluate information resources allocation's performance of Chinese government in crisis management from aspect of customer satisfaction index. At first, establishes the theoretical model and index based on the Chinese customer satisfaction index measurement model. Then, this paper calculates the satisfaction index by the questionnaire data about 5.12 earthquakes which have been answered by the civil servants,

Chunhua Niu

2010-01-01

243

The Financial Aid Partnership: Strengthening the Federal Government's Leadership Role. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper makes the case that it is time for a renewal of the federal commitment to educational access. While the federal government is only one of several critical partners in the higher education finance system in the United States, it is the only entity with either the mission or the capacity to take responsibility for the national agenda of…

Baum, Sandy

244

The Europeanisation of Education Policy: researching changing governance and 'new' modes of coordination  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how the European Union coordinates education policy making through the use of a mode of governance called the open method of coordination (OMC). Part One briefly presents and discusses the mechanisms of the education OMC and its key characteristics. Part Two draws on contemporary theories of Europeanisation and discourse analysis to provide a theoretical and methodological framework

NAFSIKA ALEXIADOU

2007-01-01

245

Information on Child Abuse: A Selected Bibliography of Federal Government Publications. Research Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The overall topic of this annotated bibliography, directed to users of the Auburn University libraries, is child abuse. It contains 63 federal government publications in 4 major areas: (1) definitions and prevalence of child abuse, including child pornography and pedophilia, family violence, abductions, and emotional abuse; (2) recent…

Dodge, Timothy

246

A project by Canadian Policy Research Networks with Public Works and Governments Services Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the internet continues its expansion in the everyday activities of public servants, many aspects of government organizations are affected. Just as new possibilities arise, challenges come along. A close examination of the impact shows deep organizational implications. The internet forces the public service to operate in a new model: the network model. This new model, increasingly recognized as a

Elisabeth Richard

247

Iroquoian Political Concept and the Genesis of American Government. Further Research and Contentions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents evidence to support the opinion that the Iroquois and other Native American confederacies influenced the evolution of American government and the U.S. Constitution. Cites experiences and writings of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Madison, and John Adams. Responds to specific scholarly criticisms. Contains approximately 64 references.…

Grinde, Donald A., Jr.

1989-01-01

248

Corporate finance and governance in emerging markets: A selective review and an agenda for future research  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are important organizational and behavioral differences between firms in emerging markets and those in developed markets. We propose a top-down approach to understand how key institutional forces shape the structures and policies of firms in emerging markets. We review a selective set of prior studies as well as papers included in this Special Issue in identifying government quality, state

Joseph P. H. Fan; K. C. John Wei; Xinzhong Xu

2011-01-01

249

Temporal Pattern of Government Funding for Nonindigenous Species Research in the Great Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Establishment of nonindigenous species (NIS) has emerged as one of the leading environmental problems in the Great Lakes basin over the past quarter century. The purpose of this study was to assess responses by government agencies regarding allocation of funding to NIS projects between 2000 through 2005. NIS is considered a major and increasing problem by eight of ten major

Ashley J. Steinberg; Clayton S. Sereres; Mark Burrows; Hugh J. MacIsaac

2007-01-01

250

Ethics, privacy and the legal framework governing medical data: opportunities or threats for biomedical and public health research?  

PubMed

Privacy is an important concern in any research programme that deals with personal medical data. In recent years, ethics and privacy have become key considerations when conducting any form of scientific research that involves personal data. These issues are now addressed in healthcare professional training programmes. Indeed, ethics, legal frameworks and privacy are often the subject of much confusion in discussions among healthcare professionals. They tend to group these different concepts under the same heading and delegate responsibility for "ethical" approval of their research programmes to ethics committees. Public health researchers therefore need to ask questions about how changes to legal frameworks and ethical codes governing privacy in the use of personal medical data are to be applied in practice. What types of data do these laws and codes cover? Who is involved? What restrictions and requirements apply to any research programme that involves medical data? PMID:23799934

Coppieters, Yves; Levêque, Alain

2013-06-21

251

Frederick National Lab: Customer Guide - Human Subjects  

Cancer.gov

Any research activity conducted at Frederick National Lab involving living, identifiable human subjects shall commence only with Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval or when exemption from this requirement has been received from the NIH Office for Human Subjects Research (OHSR) through the Office of Scientific Operations, Frederick National Lab, or the appropriate division office.

252

Government research and development summaries: Nuclear, TE, TI Project Briefs. Irregular  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear, Te, Ti Project Briefs describe the status of all R D programs submitted to the Power Information Center by the government sponsors in energy conversion from fission, fusion, and radioisotope power sources and other thermal systems that use thermionic systems. These briefs also follow related investigations of plasma dynamics. The document is not to be reproduced, in whole or in part, for dissemination outside your own organization nor may it be reproduced for advertising or sales promotion purposes.

Not Available

1991-01-01

253

USC Institute for Creative Technologies: Graphics Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Graphics Lab is part of the University of Southern California's Institute for Creative Technologies. The lab performs research on computer graphics and modeling techniques such as image-based lighting, range scanning, and animation. This is all made possible by a U.S. Army contract "to advance the state of immersive training simulation." The Lab's homepage offers many details on the various projects within each research area; there are several publications that can be downloaded to complement this background material. Some software, such as HDRShop (used for High-Dynamic Range Image Editing), and data are also available on the Lab's Web site.

2006-01-12

254

Looking for win\\/win solutions between lab-work and hands-on experience in IT research  

Microsoft Academic Search

At times, the differences between business and science place considerable stress on their relationship. Scientists blame businesses for staking their claims for product quality based upon unfounded and unjustified assumptions. Businesses blame scientists for doing research that is irrelevant outside the laboratory. In HCI and CSCW, such controversies are counter-productive. When problems arise in information systems of large organizations, researchers

Johan F. Hoorn; Simon van Dam; Guido Fambach; Arco van Nieuwland; Gerrit C. van der Veer

2004-01-01

255

The role of the federal government in research on nutrition and aging.  

PubMed

As the population of the elderly will increase 10% within the next 50 years, research on the health problems affecting them becomes pertinent. The major agency supporting biomedical and behavioral aspects of nutrition research and training is the National Institutes of Health. The research it carries out is through grants and contracts, and through a new National Program in the Clinical Nutrition Research Unit. Additional research on nutrition for the aging is performed by the US Department of Agriculture at the Tufts University Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging. The coordination of nutrition research and training at the federal level is accomplished through the Joint Subcommittee for Human Nutrition Research operating out of the Executive Office of the President. PMID:6897893

Simopoulos, A P

1982-01-01

256

Government Support of Clean Technology Research in West Germany: Some Evidence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research and development of pollution abatement equipment and clean technologies have been sponsored by the West German Federal Ministry of Research and Technology (BMFT) for more than ten years. This paper evaluates a subset of BMFT sponsored projects. T...

J. C. Bongaerts D. Heinrichs

1985-01-01

257

Getting Beyond Form Filling: The Role of Institutional Governance in Human Research Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has become almost a truism to describe the interaction between research ethics committees and researchers as being marred\\u000a by distrust and conflict. The ethical conduct of researchers is increasingly a matter of institutional concern because of\\u000a the degree to which non-compliance with national standards can expose the entire institution to risk. This has transformed\\u000a research ethics into what some

Gary Allen

2008-01-01

258

An open-source LabVIEW application toolkit for phasic heart rate analysis in psychophysiological research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cardiovascular system has been extensively measured in a variety of research and clinical domains. Despite technological\\u000a and methodological advances in cardiovascular science, the analysis and evaluation of phasic changes in heart rate persists\\u000a as a way to assess numerous psychological concomitants. Some researchers, however, have pointed to constraints on data analysis\\u000a when evaluating cardiac activity indexed by heart rate

Aaron R. Duley; Christopher M. Janelle; Stephen A. Coombes

2004-01-01

259

Snap-shots of live theatre: the use of photography to research governance in operating room nursing.  

PubMed

The use of photography is an underreported method of research in the nursing literature. This paper explores its use in an ethnographic research project, the fieldwork of which was undertaken by the first author. The aim was to examine the governance of operating room nursing in the clinical setting and the theoretical orientation was the work of Michel Foucault. The focus of this paper is on how photography was used as a means of data generation. To establish some context we begin by drawing on writers from sociology and anthropology to provide an overview of the status of vision and visual research methods in contemporary social research. We then move to a brief discussion of the uses of photography in social research and the limitations imposed by ethical considerations of its use in clinical nursing settings. As well, the process and approach involved in this research project, and issues of analysis are discussed. Three 'snap-shots' of operating room nursing, taken by participants, are presented. Each is analysed in terms of its contributions to the research process as well as its substantive contribution to the theoretical framework and the research aims. PMID:12755857

Riley, Robin; Manias, Elizabeth

2003-06-01

260

LabWrite  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LabWrite is an online resource designed to help students learn science by writing better laboratory reports. It is organized into four major parts, reflecting the chronological experience of the lab. PreLab asks students to respond to a set of questions that lead them through a scientific understanding of the lab before they actually begin. InLab provides resources and help for students as they set up the lab and gather and organize data. PostLab guides students step by step in writing the lab report. LabCheck offers students a checklist to help them revise their reports and an evaluation guide to help them learn from a graded report so that they can improve their skills. LabWrite also provides an extensive set of resources for teaching students how to create tables and graphs. In addition, the LabWrite Tutor is an application that allows students to write their lab reports online. Published results of a control-group study show that LabWrite significantly improves students' understanding of the scientific concept of the lab and their ability to think scientifically about the lab.

Carter, Michael

2000-07-15

261

Signal Compression Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Signal Compression Lab (SCL) is a part of the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at the University of California, Santa Barbara. "Current research activities at SCL include low bit rate speech coding, wideband speech and audio compression, speech modeling and synthesis," and many more focus areas involving data compression of various forms of media. A large collection of informative demonstrations and slide presentations illustrate the group's work. Many of the SCL staff have publications available for downloading, which are divided into several categories for easy browsing.

2001-01-01

262

Adapting Labs and Troubleshooting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A great deal of information is available on how children learn--brain research, multiple intelligence aspects, concrete versus abstract thinking, environmental stimuli, and so on--but one key feature can be gleaned from all of the studies, and that is the importance of hands-on learning. No matter what method students use to garner information, the learning process can be augmented with the inclusion of labs, activities, or simulations that mimic real-life experiences. This is especially true in the middle school science classroom.

2003-01-01

263

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT'S FOUR LAB STUDY: TOXICOLOGICCAL AND CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF COMPLEX MIXTURES OF DISINFECTION BY-PRODUCTS (DBPS) AND QUALITY ASSURANCE ACTIVITIES FOR A LARGE U. S. EPA MULTILABORATORY STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

Office of Research and Development's Four Lab Study: Toxicological and Chemical Evaluation of Complex Mixtures of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs), and Quality Assurance Activities for a Large U.S. EPA Multilaboratoty Study Thomas J. Hughes, Project and QA Manager, Expe...

264

Scientific institutions and effective governance: a case study of Chinese stem cell research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In terms of stem cell research, China appears both as a “powerhouse” armed with state-of-the-art facilities, internationally trained personnel and permissive regulation and as a “bit player,” with its capability for conducting high quality research still in question. The gap between China's assiduous endeavors and the observed outcome is due to a number of factors. Based on interviews with 48

Joy Yueyue Zhang

2011-01-01

265

‘Peopling’ curriculum policy production: researching educational governance through institutional ethnography and Bourdieuian field analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the methodological basis for empirically researching moments of major policy change. Its genesis is in the methodological challenges presented by the initial stages of an ongoing research project examining the current attempts to establish the first nation-wide Australian curriculum. We draw on Dorothy Smith’s development of institutional ethnography and Bourdieuian field analysis to outline a methodological framework

Jessica Gerrard; Lesley Farrell

2012-01-01

266

Ethics Creep: Governing Social Science Research in the Name of Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an analysis of the Canadian ethics review process by a member of a Research Ethics Board. The author suggests that the new formal system for regulating the ethical conduct of scholarly research is experiencing a form of “ethics creep.” This is characterized by a dual process whereby the regulatory system is expanding outward to incorporate a host

Kevin D. Haggerty

2004-01-01

267

Governing biological material at the intersection of care and research: the use of dried blood spots for biobanking  

PubMed Central

A series of governance issues currently surrounds the multiple uses and multiple users of dried blood spots (DBS) for research purposes. Internationally there is a discussion on storing DBS resulting from newborn screening for public health and using them as the basis for large biobank-like collections to facilitate biomedical research. If such a transformation were to be formalized, then DBS would sit at the intersection of care (ie, public health) and research, with the mechanisms through which such a collection could be managed not totally self-evident. What is more, a DBS collection raises questions about the fuzzy boundaries between privacy and anonymity; how to control or define quality control uses of DBS; medical vs nonmedical uses; as well as benefit sharing and stakeholder involvement. Our goal here is to explore some of the key questions relating to DBS governance by way of the bio-objects and bio-objectification concepts. By embracing – rather than resisting to – the blurring of boundaries and problems in categorization that have come to characterize bio-objects and bio-objectification processes recently described in this journal, we attempt to highlight some issues that might not be currently considered, and to point to some possible directions to go (or avoid). Building from our knowledge of the current DBS situation in the Netherlands, we outline questions concerning the uses, management, collection, and storage of DBS.

Douglas, Conor M.W.; van El, Carla G.; Faulkner, Alex; Cornel, Martina C.

2012-01-01

268

Using New Governance Tools to Solve Local Government Problems, A Program of Research into Emerging Nonservice Approaches to Social Welfare and Community Development Problems, Summary Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project focuses on the identification and assessment of emerging forms of governance categorized as nonservice approaches to urban and rural problems. These approaches are alike in that they involve neither the direct delivery of service nor major pub...

S. A. Waldhorn J. O. Gollub D. R. Benveniste T. W. Fletcher S. W. Hentzell

1979-01-01

269

International Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We survey two generations of research on corporate governance systems around the world, concentrating on countries other than the United States. The first generation of international corporate governance research is patterned after the US research that precedes it. These studies examine individual governance mechanisms – particularly board composition and equity ownership – in individual countries. The second generation of international

Diane K. Denis; John J. McConnell

2001-01-01

270

International Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We survey two generations of research on corporate governance systems around the world, concentrating on countries other than the United States. The first generation of international corporate governance research is patterned after the US research that precedes it. These studies examine individual governance mechanisms - particularly board composition and equity ownership - in individual countries. The second generation of international

Diane K. Denis; John J. McConnell

2002-01-01

271

Research and Development: DOE Could Enhance the Project Selection Process for Government Oil and Natural Gas Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although competitive oil and natural gas markets generally provide incentives for companies to invest in research and development (R&D), some industry experts believe these companies may underinvest in certain areas. A recent GAO report noted important cr...

2008-01-01

272

Ethics, governance and consent in the UK: implications for research into the longer-term outcomes of congenital heart defects  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of research ethics, governance and consent requirements and recent reforms on UK-wide follow-up of children with congenital heart defects (CHD).DesignProspective cohort study.SettingUK National Health Service.Patients3897 children with CHD requiring intervention, or resulting in death, before they were 1-year-old (1993–1995).Main outcomesImpact on study protocol, timeliness and findings of a multicentre study of survival and quality of life.ResultsThe

Rachel L Knowles; Catherine Bull; Christopher Wren; Carol Dezateux

2011-01-01

273

The contribution of human and social capital to building community well-being: a research agenda relating to citizen participation in local governance in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the interrelationships between concepts such as human and social capital, community well-being, citizen participation, community capacity building and community engagement. Working from this discussion a research agenda is presented relating to citizen participation in local governance with particular emphasis on the role of local government in building human and social capital, thereby contributing to the well-being of

Michael Cuthill

2003-01-01

274

22 CFR 63.6 - Assignment of United States Government employees to consult, lecture, teach, engage in research...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Assignment of United States Government employees to consult...63.6 Assignment of United States Government employees to consult...skills. An employee of the United States Government who has been...

2013-04-01

275

Government Policies and Technological Innovation. Volume III. Research and Policy Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vol. III contains 10 research and policy studies on the following subjects: Factor bias and innovations--a microeconomic approach; The consequences of public utility regulation of hospitals; Background memorandum--the regulation of atomic energy for power...

R. G. Noll

1975-01-01

276

¿Y después qué? ... : action-research and ethnography on governance, actors and development in Southern Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research justification and objectives. <\\/b>Mexico is one of the most natural resource-rich places in the world. However, it is also a country that has shown many contrasts in the use of its resources, human relations and the overall distribution of its richness.<\\/div>
 <\\/div>
The justification of this research lies in the question why the development of small villages in

F. Guevara

2007-01-01

277

Automated generation of massive image knowledge collections using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot to promote neuroimaging and translational research  

PubMed Central

Background Massive datasets comprising high-resolution images, generated in neuro-imaging studies and in clinical imaging research, are increasingly challenging our ability to analyze, share, and filter such images in clinical and basic translational research. Pivot collection exploratory analysis provides each user the ability to fully interact with the massive amounts of visual data to fully facilitate sufficient sorting, flexibility and speed to fluidly access, explore or analyze the massive image data sets of high-resolution images and their associated meta information, such as neuro-imaging databases from the Allen Brain Atlas. It is used in clustering, filtering, data sharing and classifying of the visual data into various deep zoom levels and meta information categories to detect the underlying hidden pattern within the data set that has been used. Method We deployed prototype Pivot collections using the Linux CentOS running on the Apache web server. We also tested the prototype Pivot collections on other operating systems like Windows (the most common variants) and UNIX, etc. It is demonstrated that the approach yields very good results when compared with other approaches used by some researchers for generation, creation, and clustering of massive image collections such as the coronal and horizontal sections of the mouse brain from the Allen Brain Atlas. Results Pivot visual analytics was used to analyze a prototype of dataset Dab2 co-expressed genes from the Allen Brain Atlas. The metadata along with high-resolution images were automatically extracted using the Allen Brain Atlas API. It is then used to identify the hidden information based on the various categories and conditions applied by using options generated from automated collection. A metadata category like chromosome, as well as data for individual cases like sex, age, and plan attributes of a particular gene, is used to filter, sort and to determine if there exist other genes with a similar characteristics to Dab2. And online access to the mouse brain pivot collection can be viewed using the link http://edtech-dev.uthsc.edu/CTSI/teeDev1/unittest/PaPa/collection.html (user name: tviangte and password: demome) Conclusions Our proposed algorithm has automated the creation of large image Pivot collections; this will enable investigators of clinical research projects to easily and quickly analyse the image collections through a perspective that is useful for making critical decisions about the image patterns discovered.

2011-01-01

278

Emerson Elliott--Proud to Be a Federal Bureaucrat: Some Perceptive Perceptions about Leadership, Government Work, and the Vital Relationship between Education Research and Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an interview with Emerson J. Elliott, Commissioner of Education Statistics, on the subject of leadership, government service, and the relationship between research and statistics. Some principles of leadership that are distinctive to the federal bureaucracy are addressed. (GR)|

Sroufe, Gerald E.

1995-01-01

279

Funding options for research: facing the market as well as government.  

PubMed

Parasitology is a challenge. At one level, the structural and genetic complexities of parasites provide ample technical challenges in regard to an understanding of parasite variability and adaptability, epidemiological diversity, drug resistance, etc. The intricacies of host parasite relationships including the immunology of parasitism will continually surprise yet frustrate the vaccine developer and keep the bravest immunoparasitologist busy and creative for decades. As if the technical considerations were not challenging enough, we see difficulties arising in sustaining a research endeavour and preserving a critical mass of researchers through the generation of high-level, long-term funding support. Contributing to this situation is the fact that most parasitic diseases of major impact in humans are largely centred around the rural poor in tropical, less industrially-developed countries and therefore of little or of fickle interest to the strictly commercially oriented. Moreover, the focus in the rural industries has moved away from aspects of on-farm production with lower priority given to studies on even the 'economically-important' parasites of livestock. It is contended that this may change again with pressures and clear marketing advantages to preserving a 'clean and green' image for Australia's primary industries. Overall, the extraordinary technical and conceptual advances in recent times have been tempered by uncertainties in research funding and severe cuts from some traditional sources for both fundamental and strategic/applied research in Parasitology. Several have highlighted the fact that deliverables in terms of new methods of disease control have been sparse and some claims made in the past have certainly been exaggerated. Yet the prospects and achievements at the front end of the long R&D pathway have never been brighter. In this article we examine the merits of a 'portfolio approach' to generating research funds in Parasitology and Science and Technology in Australia more generally, with an emphasis on strategies that, through welding good science with clear, medium-term product objectives, increase research funding opportunities. PMID:10480719

Mitchell, G; Nossal, G

1999-06-01

280

The social and policy contexts of the New Brunswick Declaration on Research Ethics, Integrity, and Governance: a commentary.  

PubMed

This paper explores the social and policy implications of the "New Brunswick Declaration on Research Ethics, Integrity, and Governance" developed at the Ethics Rupture Summit in Fredericton, N.B., Canada, October 2012. It discusses the Declaration and the Summit in relation to the usual criticism and analysis of research ethics regimes, and considers reasons why the immense prior literature has had little impact on regulatory bodies. Because the Declaration, like the Illinois White Paper, has quickly achieved considerable attention relative to most other such documents, and because much further deliberation has evolved since the Summit, we offer here a commentary on each of the eight principles contained in the Declaration in the hope of further stimulating discussion and consolidating the progress that now seems underway. PMID:23651934

van den Hoonaard, Will C

2013-04-01

281

CSI closed lab vs. open lab experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recommendations of the ACM\\/IEEE Joint Curriculum Task Force on the Core of Computer Science and the dissatisfaction with the poor performance of too many CS1 students at Middle Tennessee State University combined to motivate the Computer Science Department to compare the use of closed labs and open labs. A controlled experiment was conducted in the Fall 1992 and Spring 1993

Mack Thweatt

1994-01-01

282

Communication acoustics in Bell Labs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication aoustics has been a central theme in Bell Labs research since its inception. Telecommunication serves human information exchange. And, humans favor spoken language as a principal mode. The atmospheric medium typically provides the link between articulation and hearing. Creation, control and detection of sound, and the human's facility for generation and perception are basic ingredients of telecommunication. Electronics technology

J. L. Flanagan

2001-01-01

283

Evolutionary development and research on Internet-based collaborative writing tools and processes to enhance eWriting in an eGovernment setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Center for the Management of Information (CMI) at the University of Arizona has been actively involved in research with various U.S. government organizations for nearly 20 years. This article details the years of evolutionary development and research conducted by CMI in an eGovernment setting that resulted in the creation of an Internet-based collaborative writing ((eWriting) tool, called Collaboratus. By

Paul Benjamin Lowry; Conan C. Albrecht; Jay F. Nunamaker Jr.; James D. Lee

2003-01-01

284

Stem Cell Research and Biopsychosocial Perspectives From the Sciences, Government, and Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stem cell research is a fairly new technological advancement that has been accompanied by a wide range of support and scrutiny. On February 22, 1997, Dolly, the sheep, was successfully cloned in Scotland, while controversy erupted over the moral, ethical, and social implications of creating life. Though many agree that using human embryos is morally acceptable, the United States, Canada,

Darrel Montero; Connie Forrester; Traci Grannan; Lisa Howard; Priscilla Salas

2009-01-01

285

The Dissemination of Educational R and D Products: Research and Policy Issues for the Federal Government.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper summarizes key problems now faced by education practitioners who wish to use R and D products or information, and the factors that contribute to these problems. It then goes on to consider a general research and policy posture for The National I...

D. Weiler

1973-01-01

286

Educating the Educator: U.S. Government Statistical Sources for Geographic Research and Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Appropriate for college geography students and researchers, this paper briefly introduces basic federal statistical publications and corresponding finding aids. General references include "Statistical Abstract of the United States," and three complementary publications: "County and City Data Book,""State and Metropolitan Area Data Book," and…

Fryman, James F.; Wilkinson, Patrick J.

287

Coal research projects in mining and preparation proliferate as government steps up funding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coal mining research projects and new mining equipment that will reduce safety hazards and improve production are described. Specifically discussed are (1) methods of detection of impending roof failure, (2) flexible remote drills, (3) roof bolting machines, (4) pre-mining investigations (detection of channel sand), (5) high speed tunneling and boring equipment, (6) automated mining machinery, (7) hydraulic mining, methods of

Chironis

1976-01-01

288

European football and the European union: Governance, participation and social cohesion — towards a policy research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the changing relationship of European football to the European Union (EU). Given technological, commercial, financial and organizational changes in the political economy of elite European football, and given the application of European law to sports bodies epitomised by the Bosman ruling, this article begins to outline a policy research agenda. Debates within the European Commission have centred

Adam Brown

2000-01-01

289

The red tape waltz. Where multi-centre ethical and research governance review can step on the toes of good research practice.  

PubMed

How could it happen that the very processes intended to assure ethical research in Australia might, themselves, undermine good research practice? This paper describes one PhD candidate's recent experiences of multi-centre review for a Human Research Ethics Committee approved, low/negligible risk, qualitative study, at the crossroad of health services research and organisational research. A retrospective review of international literature about multi-centre review processes revealed that many of these experiences were not unique and might have been expected, notwithstanding Australian efforts at harmonisation of multi-centre review. This paper examines not only the burden of red-tape that was applied to a small doctoral study, but also the way in which the red-tape threatened the anonymity of potential study participants and risked exposing them to undue pressure and distress. These experiences support the view that harmonisation initiatives have not yet developed as the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council may have hoped and that further attention is needed to harmonise research governance processes. PMID:24069728

Webster, Susan M; Temple-Smit, Meredith

2013-03-01

290

Teaching Cybersecurity with DeterLab  

Microsoft Academic Search

The DETER project aims to advance cybersecurity research and education. Over the past seven years, the project has focused on improving and redefining the methods, technology, and infrastructure for developing cyberdefense technology. The project's research results are put into practice by DeterLab, a public, free-for-use experimental facility available to researchers and educators worldwide. Educators can use DeterLab's exercises to teach

Jelena Mirkovic; Terry Benzel

2012-01-01

291

Using Field Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written by Mary Savina of Carleton College Students love field labs! They enjoy being outside and they appreciate the fact that geoscience field labs are unusually tactile and bring them into contact with real, ...

Savina, Mary

292

Introducing ADS Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ADS Labs is a platform that ADS is introducing in order to test and receive feedback from the community on new technologies and prototype services. Currently, ADS Labs features a new interface for abstract searches, faceted filtering of results, visualization of co-authorship networks, article-level recommendations, and a full-text search service. The streamlined abstract search interface provides a simple, one-box search with options for ranking results based on a paper relevancy, freshness, number of citations, and downloads. In addition, it provides advanced rankings based on collaborative filtering techniques. The faceted filtering interface allows users to narrow search results based on a particular property or set of properties ("facets"), allowing users to manage large lists and explore the relationship between them. For any set or sub-set of records, the co-authorship network can be visualized in an interactive way, offering a view of the distribution of contributors and their inter-relationships. This provides an immediate way to detect groups and collaborations involved in a particular research field. For a majority of papers in Astronomy, our new interface will provide a list of related articles of potential interest. The recommendations are based on a number of factors, including text similarity, citations, and co-readership information. The new full-text search interface allows users to find all instances of particular words or phrases in the body of the articles in our full-text archive. This includes all of the scanned literature in ADS as well as a select portion of the current astronomical literature, including ApJ, ApJS, AJ, MNRAS, PASP, A&A, and soon additional content from Springer journals. Fulltext search results include a list of the matching papers as well as a list of "snippets" of text highlighting the context in which the search terms were found. ADS Labs is available at http://adslabs.org

Accomazzi, Alberto; Henneken, E.; Grant, C. S.; Kurtz, M. J.; Di Milia, G.; Luker, J.; Thompson, D. M.; Bohlen, E.; Murray, S. S.

2011-05-01

293

Changing Framework of Local Governance and Community Participation in Elementary Education in India. Research Monograph No. 35  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, strengthening and better functioning of local governance have become prime concerns of educational reform agenda. Establishment of effective local governance has been part of overall changes in educational governance for several years in many countries including India. It is now widely recognized that effective local governance

Govinda, R; Bandyopadhyay, Madhumita

2010-01-01

294

Discourse, upstream public engagement and the governance of human life extension research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Important scientific, ethical and sociological debates are emerging over the trans-humanist goal to achieve therapeutic treatments\\u000a to ‘cure’ the debilitation of age-related illness and extend the healthy life span of individuals through “interventive biogerontological\\u000a research”. The scientific and moral discourses surrounding this contentious scientific field are mapped out, followed by a\\u000a normative argument favouring ‘strong’ deliberative democratic control of human

Matthew Cotton

2010-01-01

295

Cybercamp Lab Book  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab manual developed by Whatcom Community College provides activities for a high school cybersecurity camp. The 101-page manual contains instructions for nine labs arranged into five sessions. Lab activities include: install Ubuntu 10.10 in VMware, set up a simple network, investigate Linux terminal commands and file structure, secure a vulnerable machine, and investigate secure we development.

2012-07-24

296

Lab Investigation Mixture Separation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lab that is designed to have students write a lab procedure and separate out mixture of substances with different properties. It is also a good introduction to the different lab equipment that they will be using through out the year.

297

Libraries to Labs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contemporary academic library increasingly provides one or more public access computer labs. Students use these labs for word processing, Internet browsing, creating spreadsheets, and other related applications. Providing these types of computer labs in academic libraries is a relatively new development and requires effective management techniques. The purpose of this article is to examine some of the current management

Sheryl Moore

2001-01-01

298

Testimony before the Senate Subcommittee on Government Research of the Committee on Government Operations: A bill to create a National Foundation for the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

L. J. Haworth, Director of the National Science Foundation (NSF), testifies on the role of the federal government in science and technology, outlines the history and growth of the NSF, describes present and future programs of the Social Sciences Division, and sets forth the agency's position on the creation of a National Foundation for the Social Sciences. Issues related to

Leland Haworth; John T. Wilson; Randal M. Robertson; Howard Hines

1967-01-01

299

Reports of the Government Industrial Research Institute, Kyushu, No. 34, March 1985  

SciTech Connect

The issue contains scientific papers on: Compaction of Zn-22Al Superplastic Powder and Deformation behavior of the compacts; Removal of Iron Cyanide Complexes by a Simultaneous Dosage of Zinc Salt and Sodium Thiosulfate; Hot-gas Corrosion Behavior of Si/sub 3/N/sub 4/, SiC and Sialon; Application of Liquid Crystals for Gas-Liquid Chromatography; Chemical Effects in the x-Ray K Emission Spectra of Phosphorus in Inorganic Compounds; Researches on the Application of the Toms Effect to Hydraulic Transportation of Solids and Technical Notes on: Some Characteristics of Hollow Shirasu-glass Micro Spheres; and Solvolysic Liquefaction of Battle River Coal and Greenhills Coal.

Not Available

1985-01-01

300

Strengthening government health and family planning programs: findings from an action research project in rural Bangladesh.  

PubMed

An ongoing study at the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) is based on the premise that public sector health and family planning programs can be improved through an assessment of the dysfunctional aspects of their operations, the development of problem-solving capabilities, and the transfer of strategies successfully tested in a small-scale pilot project. This paper reports findings from a field trial implemented in a subunit of the project area at an early stage of the project. Operational barriers to public sector program implementation are discussed with regard to the quantity of work, the quality of work, supplies and facilities, integration of health and family planning, and leadership, supervision, and decision making. Initial results of the ICDDR,B intervention on these managerial processes are also indicated. PMID:6495361

Simmons, R; Phillips, J F; Rahman, M

301

Research Activities at U.S. Government Agencies in Subsurface Reactive Transport Modeling  

SciTech Connect

The fate of contaminants in the environment is controlled by both chemical reactions and transport phenomena in the subsurface. Our ability to understand the significance of these processes over time requires an accurate conceptual model that incorporates the various mechanisms of coupled chemical and physical processes. Adsorption, desorption, ion exchange, precipitation, dissolution, growth, solid solution, redox, microbial activity, and other processes are often incorporated into reactive transport models for the prediction of contaminant fate and transport. U.S. federal agencies use such models to evaluate contaminant transport and provide guidance to decision makers and regulators for treatment issues. We provide summaries of selected research projects and programs to demonstrate the level of activity in various applications and to present examples of recent advances in subsurface reactive transport modeling.

Cygan, Randy; Stevens, Caroline T.; Puls, Robert W.; Yabusaki, Steven B.; Wauchope, Robert D.; Mcgrath, Chris J.; Curtis, Gary P.; Siegel, Malcolm D.; Veblen, Linda A.; Turner, David R.

2007-11-20

302

A "Language Lab" for Architectural Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses a "language lab" strategy in which traditional studio learning may be supplemented by language lessons using computer graphics techniques to teach architectural grammar, a body of elements and principles that govern the design of buildings belonging to a particular architectural theory or style. Two methods of teaching Frank…

Mackenzie, Arch; And Others

303

Virtual FlyLab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is maintained by Robert Deshamais and Gary Novak of California State University at Los Angeles. Users can play the role of a research geneticist while learning the principles of genetic inheritance. Users design matings between male and female fruit flies carrying one or more genetic mutations and then click the "mate" button. The program applies known Mendelian rules to produce offspring and then asks users to deduce the rules based on the "experimental" results. The program can demonstrate such genetic mechanisms as: Mendelian ratios for dominant/recessive traits, modifications of Mendelian ratios due to sex-linkage, monozygous lethals, or epistasis. Virtual Flylab seeks "to provide students with an experience in scientific reasoning and so does not provide information on the nature of the mutations; students must discover these for themselves". The resources at this site can serve as a supplement to a genetics lecture or lab or as a review of basic genetics.

1996-01-01

304

Virtual Biology Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Rutgers University Web site contains a set of online biology labs each so detailed and comprehensive, they could nearly replace the real thing. Each virtual lab contains pages and pages of background information and procedures, helpful images and diagrams, online exercises, and more. Seven labs are currently available: Cell Structure, Cell Reproduction, Protists, Plant Evolution, Angiosperm Reproduction, Transport Systems in Plants, and Chromosome Structure and Meiosis.

305

The Role of Institutional Research in Institutional Governance. Proceedings, Annual Meeting of the North Carolina Association for Institutional Research (8th, Wrightsville, North Carolina, November 12-24, 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Proceedings of the 1980 meeting of the North Carolina Association for Institutional Research, which focused on the role of institutional research in institutional governance, are presented. Contents are as follows: "The Role of Institutional Research in Academic Program Evaluation: An Overview" (Dennis R. Hengstler); "The Role of Institutional…

Brown, Charles I., Ed.

306

Computer Lab Configuration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the layout and elements of an effective school computer lab. Includes configuration, storage spaces, cabling and electrical requirements, lighting, furniture, and computer hardware and peripherals. (PKP)|

Wodarz, Nan

2003-01-01

307

Genomics Education in Practice: Evaluation of a Mobile Lab Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dutch genomics research centers have developed the "DNA labs on the road" to bridge the gap between modern genomics research practice and secondary-school curriculum in the Netherlands. These mobile DNA labs offer upper-secondary students the opportunity to experience genomics research through experiments with laboratory equipment that is not…

Van Mil, Marc H. W.; Boerwinkel, Dirk Jan; Buizer-Voskamp, Jacobine E.; Speksnijder, Annelies; Waarlo, Arend Jan

2010-01-01

308

The ALPHA Lab at UC Berkeley  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alpha Lab at the University of California at Berkeley researches and develops robotics systems for high-precision manufacturing. Specifically, it combines mathematical algorithms and industrial automation to build low-cost, reliable tools for "feeding, fixturing and grasping." The projects section of the lab's Web site describes a number of experiments and model implementations for robotics operation. Many of these have Java applets that demonstrate the principles involved in handling differently shaped objects. There are also discussions of various projects in computational physiology and Internet telerobotics. The lab's director has many of his publications available online.

309

LabSkills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes LabSkills, a revolutionary teaching tool to improve practical science in schools. LabSkills offers the chance to help improve the exposure that the average Key Stage 5 (age 16-19) student has to practical work. This is a huge area for development being highlighted by universities who are seeing a worryingly growing trend in…

O'Brien, Nick

2010-01-01

310

Bacterial Transformation Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The "glowing genes" activity on this engaging website shows students the process of bacterial transformation, a specific type of genetic engineering. This online activity supplements a hands-on lab at the Dolan DNA Learning Center's Harlem DNA Lab, in which plasmids, or tiny loops of DNA that contain genes, are inserted into a harmless strain of E.coli.

Dolan DNA Learning Center * (Dolan DNA Learning Center;)

2010-05-27

311

A clandestine lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some people illegally store clandestine, or hidden, labs in their homes for making drugs. These labs are extremely dangerous because the makers are working with flammable and explosive elements that are sensitive to light, heat, etc. The makers generally have little knowledge about the chemicals they are using.

N/A N/A (DEA;)

2006-04-01

312

Limpet Identification Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lesson plan to study new life forms and to develop distinguishing or key characteristics to aid in the study of life. Using limpets as an unidentified specimen, students are asked to develop identifying characteristics and share them across the lab groups. Includes lab extensions and alternate plans according to academic level.

313

Flower Dissection Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, this site presents a simple Flower Dissection Lab using orchids and composite flowers. This pdf document contains the materials needed and instructions for the lab, as well as a worksheet for students to complete as they dissect their flower.

2007-12-27

314

A Museum Learning Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Learning Lab: The Cell" exhibit was developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Museum and the MIT Center for Environmental Health Sciences (CEHS). Specially designed for middle and high school students, the Learning Lab provides museum visitors of all ages with fascinating insights into how our living cells work. The…

Vandiver, Kathleen M.; Bijur, Jon Markowitz; Epstein, Ari W.; Rosenthal, Beryl; Stidsen, Don

2008-01-01

315

UVA Virtual Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Virtual Lab, developed by the University of Virginia, provides visual representation of the scientific principles we encounter daily. Mini labs allow visitors to learn about different properties of physics, chemistry and technology. The Electricity and Magnetism Lab introduces concepts like basic charge attraction and repulsion and magnetic induction. Units on semiconductors, circuits, nanoscience and scientific instruments are also available in the Virtual Lab. The UVA is also beginning to convert presentations from the website into narrated Podcasts, which are available from the homepage. This is a great resource to incorporate into the classroom as the labs are very informative, easy to follow, and would aid students in visualizing the scientific concepts they are learning.

2007-04-17

316

Electronic Government-Citizen Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizens that already are engaged in online activities are more inclined to connect with their governments electronically. One question that has largely gone unanswered is, Does citizens' use of the Internet to interact with governments facilitate relationships between them and their governments? This is the key issue for e-governance and is under researched. So this research explores citizen perspectives through

Arthur D. P. Sweeney

2008-01-01

317

Research note : Toward a reference process model for citizen-oriented evaluation of e-Government services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to introduce a European project CEES to develop a standard for the evaluation of Electronic Government (e-Government) services from a citizen satisfaction perspective. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The aim, objectives, methodology, and deliverables of the project CEES are detailed. Furthermore, the challenges of the development of a reference process model in different countries are addressed and academic

Habin Lee; Zahir Irani; Ibrahim H. Osman; Asim Balci; Sevgi Ozkan; Tunc D. Medeni

2008-01-01

318

Universities and Governments: The Comparative Politics of Higher Education. A Review Essay. Yale Higher Education Research Group Working Paper 31.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part of a series of studies on higher education in different countries, this essay examines relations between universities and governments from a comparative perspective. Two major themes that appear in the literature are the determinants of increased government control and the extent of that power; six recent books that address these themes are…

Levy, Daniel C.

319

The Gremlins of Governance: A "Trusteeship" Q&A with Richard Chait, Research Professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an interview with Richard Chait, Research Professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, regarding the three major challenges that face college and university governing boards today--in the areas of board structure, planning, and trustee selection. In the interview, Chait shares his concern about the state of…

Chait, Richard

2009-01-01

320

The Gremlins of Governance: A "Trusteeship" Q&A with Richard Chait, Research Professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with Richard Chait, Research Professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, regarding the three major challenges that face college and university governing boards today--in the areas of board structure, planning, and trustee selection. In the interview, Chait shares his concern about the state of…

Chait, Richard

2009-01-01

321

AN INVESTIGATIONAL RESEARCH ON THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE MANAGER‘S ROLE IN TRAINING PROGRAMS AND TRAINING TRANSFER IN A LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICE IN MALAYSIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research was designed to investigate the correlation between manager‘s role andtraining transfer. A survey method was employed to gather 427 usable questionnaires fromgovernment servants in a local government office in Malaysia. The outcome of stepwise regressionstudy showed four important findings: firstly, support is insignificantly correlated with trainingtransfer. Secondly, communication is significantly correlated with training transfer. Thirdly,assignment is insignificantly correlated

Ismail Azman; Hamid Norashikin Sahol; Hua Ng Kueh; Ali Fazilatulaili

2011-01-01

322

The Restrictive Effects of Government Information Policies on Scholarship and Research. Minutes of the Meeting of the Association of Research Libraries (107th, October 23-24, 1985, Washington, D.C.).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Minutes from the 1985 Membership Meeting of the Association of REsearch Libraries (ARL) include the full text of three presented papers: "Changing Information Policies and Research Libraries" (John Shattuck); "Management of Government Information" (Timothy Sprehe); and "Access to Information in Canada" (Bruce Mann). The views of journalists and…

Daval, Nicola, Ed.

323

CableLabs: Current Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site highlights projects being conducted by CableLabs, "a non-profit research and development consortium that is dedicated to pursuing new cable telecommunications technologies." Most of these projects are creating specifications that will improve quality and ensure interoperability of cable systems. Focuses of research include cable modems, interactive services, broadband applications, and more. Each project's home page has extensive documentation on the intended goals and access to all specifications. Some presentations are also given that give a basic overview of the project.

2000-01-01

324

University of Delaware: Synoptic Climatology Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The synoptic climatology group performs research involving numerous applied climatological issues that affect humans and other organisms around the world." This University of Delaware website presents the lab's research in six main topics: Heat/Health Watch-Warning System (HHWWS); Ongoing Climate and Health Research; Applied Climate Indices; Air Mass Monitoring and Classification; International Projects; and Other Research. Within each topic, users can find publications, slide shows, and brochures illustrating the specific research goals, objectives, and conclusions.

325

Bacterial Transformation Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PDF, part of the classroom activities site by Biotechnology Education and Training Sequence Investment (BETSI), introduces the concept of recombinant DNA and a process called transformation. Here, instructors will find detailed lab instructions/diagrams that trace out the introduction of a recombinant plasmid into a foreign bacteria resulting in the "change of the bacteria's genetic make-up and traits." With the end result of the lab being a product that "glow[s] bright green," this will be a fun lab for any chemistry or biochemistry classroom. The site even playfully boasts, "[that] you will all be genetics engineers" by the end of this experiment!

2008-12-10

326

Physics Labs with Flavor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes my attempts to look deeper into the so-called ``shoot for your grade'' labs, started in the '90s, when I began applying my teaching experience in Russia to introductory physics labs at the College of Charleston and other higher education institutions in South Carolina. The term ``shoot for your grade'' became popular among teachers of a projectile motion lab where students are graded based on their ability to predict the range of the projectile. I describe here several additional laboratory exercises in which students are required to predict results of the experiment. I also discuss an essential element of these exercises which I call ``recurrent study.''

Agrest, Mikhail M.

2009-05-01

327

National Lab Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NSF joins other partners in National Lab Day, an initiative connecting science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) teachers with STEM professionals who volunteer to share their expertise--and their passion--for science and engineering with students. You can view video clips that explain the basics of what National Lab Day is and how it works, get tips from a professional educator about how to effectively help in the classroom and learn about some NSF-funded projects that already are conducting activities in the spirit of Lab Day.

328

LIVING LAB: User-Driven Innovation for Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to summarize and discuss the results from the LIVING LAB design study, a project within the 7th Framework Programme of the European Union. The aim of this project was to develop the conceptual design of the LIVING LAB Research Infrastructure that will be used to research human interaction with, and stimulate…

Liedtke, Christa; Welfens, Maria Jolanta; Rohn, Holger; Nordmann, Julia

2012-01-01

329

Using Indoor Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written by Mary Savina of Carleton College "Science labs can be among the richest experiences students have at the university. It is one of the few opportunities students will have to practice science much in ...

Savina, Mary

330

Writing Better Lab Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As science teachers at a suburban California high school, the authors were concerned about the lab report conclusions written by their upper-level chemistry, biology, and ecology students--which were consistently of poor quality. Their work lacked inferenc

Sutherland, Alex; Royston, Ann; Brydon, Barbara; Passmore, Cynthia; Painter, Heidi; Robb, Jeanine

2010-01-01

331

The Mixtures Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation illustrates the separation of mixtures using physical properties. The interactive simulation allows "lab attendants" to separate mixtures using virtual tools. Separation mechanisms are chosen based upon substances' physical properties, and findings are recorded in a chart.

332

EarthLabs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

EarthLabs is a collection of challenging, lab-based high school Earth science curriculum units, each of which integrates text, hands-on activities, interactive visualizations, video, authentic science data, and data visualization and analysis tools. Each unit highlights the interconnectedness and complexities of the Earth system in the context of a specific content area (including Earth system science, climate, weather, atmosphere, cryosphere, environmental science, hurricanes, drought, fisheries, oceans, carbon cycle), and can be integrated into an existing Earth or environmental science course or used as an independent curriculum unit. In addition to the student portal, EarthLabs provides a separate teacher's guide ("EarthLabs for Educators") that provides background and logistical information, pedagogical guidance, and answers to assessments embedded in the student portal.

2012-05-31

333

EarthLabs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

EarthLabs is a collection of challenging, lab-based high school Earth science curriculum units, each of which integrates text, hands-on activities, interactive visualizations, video, authentic science data, and data visualization and analysis tools. Each unit highlights the interconnectedness and complexities of the Earth system in the context of a specific content area (including Earth system science, climate, weather, atmosphere, cryosphere, environmental science, hurricanes, drought, fisheries, oceans, carbon cycle), and can be integrated into an existing Earth or environmental science course or used as an independent curriculum unit. In addition to the student portal, EarthLabs provides a separate teacher's guide ("EarthLabs for Educators") that provides background and logistical information, pedagogical guidance, and answers to assessments embedded in the student portal.

334

NI LabVIEW  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LabVIEW is a graphical programming environment used to develop measurement, test, and control systems using graphical icons and wires. The program is used for a wide range of applications in industry and the laboratory.

2003-10-10

335

Lab 6 winding facility  

SciTech Connect

This note describes the winding machine installed by the facility support group at lab 6 in the Fermilab village. It is available for use by outside users and groups within the lab. The machine can wind wire planes whose longest dimension is less than 10 feet. The Wire spacing range has an upper practical limit of about 5mm. Spacing beyond this requires a very long index time and therefore slows down the winding speed prohibitively.

Guerra, J.; Hansen, S.; Mangene, C.

1983-02-02

336

Making Real Virtual Labs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Francis Bacon began defining scientific methodology in the early 17th century, and secondary school science classes began to implement science labs in the mid-19th century. By the early 20th century, leading educators were suggesting that science labs be used to develop scientific thinking habits in young students, and at the beginning of the 21st century, educators are still seeking to

Harry E. Keller; Edward E. Keller

2005-01-01

337

Remote Lab Effectiveness Assessment Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study discusses current attempts to model the effectiveness assessment of distant labs. Distant labs, specifically remote labs (RL), are systems which are accessed through a web browser, which allow users from all over the world, anytime to perform the experiments with real devices. They increase teaching efficiency, provide time and money savings. Consequently, remote lab effectiveness influence the course

G. Tokdemir; S. Bilgen

2008-01-01

338

Research on relationship between wind power industry cultivation and government policies in Ecologically Vulnerable Areas in West China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper measures the industries in Wengniute Country of Inner Mongolia, using advantage industry of ecologically vulnerable areas in West China evaluation model and guideline system. The result proves that the competitiveness of generating electricity by wind power can be improved the soonest. By analyzing the factors affecting the competitiveness of generating electricity by wind power, we gain that government

Liu Ying-qi; Zhou Xue-jun; Zheng Tian-chi; Deng Yuan-hui

2008-01-01

339

A European Perspective on New Modes of University Governance and Actorhood. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.17.11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Higher education systems in Europe are currently undergoing profound transformations. At the macro-level, there is an increase in the number of students enrolled, subjects of study offered, and university missions that have gained legitimacy over time. At the second level changes are evident at the level of university governance. New Public…

Krucken, Georg

2011-01-01

340

Scientific rationality, uncertainty and the governance of human genetics: an interview study with researchers at deCODE genetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology development in human genetics is fraught with uncertainty, controversy and unresolved moral issues, and industry scientists are sometimes accused of neglecting the implications of their work. The present study was carried out to elicit industry scientists' reflections on the relationship between commercial, scientific and ethical dimensions of present day genetics and the resources needed for robust governance of new

Stefán Hjörleifsson; Edvin Schei

2006-01-01

341

The Effects of Government-Industry R&D Programs on Private R&D: The Case of the Small Business Innovation Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

I ask whether government-industry commercial R&D grants increase private R&D. Regressing some measure of innovation on the subsidy can establish a correlation between grants and R&D, but it cannot determine whether grants increase firm R&D or whether firms that do more R&D received more grants. Using a dataset of firms involved in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, I

Scott J. Wallsten

2000-01-01

342

Neighborhood Governance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Governance refers to a process of exercising power and authority over the inhabitants of a territory. Governance can be expressed through voting and political parties. It can be exercised as well through interest groups, especially through neighborhood or...

H. W. Hallman

1982-01-01

343

Risk governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term ‘governance’ has been used in political science to describe the multitude of actors and processes that lead to collective binding decisions. The term ‘risk governance’ involves the translation of the substance and core principles of governance to the context of risk?related decision?making. Does it involve a major change on how risks are conceptualized, managed, and communicated, or it

Marjolein B. A. van Asselt; Ortwin Renn

2011-01-01

344

LCOGT Imaging Lab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network (LCOGT) is an ambitious project to build and operate, within 5 years, a worldwide robotic network of 50 0.4, 1, and 2 m telescopes sharing identical instrumentation and optimized for precision photometry of time-varying sources. The telescopes, instrumentation, and software are all developed in house with two 2 m telescopes already installed. The LCOGT Imaging Lab is responsible for assembly and characterization of the network's cameras and instrumentation. In addition to a fully equipped CNC machine shop, two electronics labs, and a future optics lab, the Imaging Lab is designed from the ground up to be a superb environment for bare detectors, precision filters, and assembled instruments. At the heart of the lab is an ISO class 5 cleanroom with full ionization. Surrounding this, the class 7 main lab houses equipment for detector characterization including QE and CTE, and equipment for measuring transmission and reflection of optics. Although the first science cameras installed, two TEC cooled e2v 42-40 deep depletion based units and two CryoTiger cooled Fairchild Imaging CCD486-BI based units, are from outside manufacturers, their 18 position filter wheels and the remainder of the network's science cameras, controllers, and instrumentation will be built in house. Currently being designed, the first generation LCOGT cameras for the network's 1 m telescopes use existing CCD486-BI devices and an in-house controller. Additionally, the controller uses digital signal processing to optimize readout noise vs. speed, and all instrumentation uses embedded microprocessors for communication over ethernet.

Tufts, Joseph R.; Lobdill, Rich; Haldeman, Benjamin J.; Haynes, Rachel; Hawkins, Eric; Burleson, Ben; Jahng, David

2008-08-01

345

Government and Foundation Publishing  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE GOVERNMENT-FEDER AL, STATE, OR LOCAL -through its publications is a great source of reliable information for the American public, the student, and the research worker. James McCamy in Government Publications for the Citizen emphasizes that in order to make knowledge available and policies known \\

PHYLLIS I. DALTON; CONSTANCE E. LEE; BEULAH MUMM

346

Corporate Governance and Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance is concerned with the resolution of collective action problems among dispersed investors and the reconciliation of conflicts of interest between various corporate claimholders. In this survey we review the theoretical and empirical research on the main mechanisms of corporate control, discuss the main legal and regulatory institutions in different countries, and examine the comparative corporate governance literature. A

Patrick Bolton; Marco Becht; Alisa Roell

2002-01-01

347

Jefferson Lab: Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jefferson Lab carries out its long-term commitment to science education by providing a host of teacher resources, games, and science lessons. Students can find a periodic table offering physical characteristics and information on the history and uses of each element. The Student Zone contains a virtual lab tour, glossary of scientific terms, and materials on internships. Teachers can locate pdf downloads of many hands-on activities on many science subjects such as microscopes, magnets, and measuring. The website introduces educational events and educational programs for both teachers and students.

348

Greenhouse Effect Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this simple lab, students collect data to demonstrate basic atmospheric science concepts. Groups of students measure the effect of carbon dioxide on temperature using soda bottles with thermometers inserted. One bottle is filled with air and capped. The second bottle is filled with carbon dioxide using a specific procedure. To conduct the experiment, both bottles are placed under a lamp while students record the increase in temperature over five minutes. The bottle containing carbon dioxide has a greater increase in temperature than the bottle containing air. This lab demonstrates the fundamental concept that underlies climate change science by providing data that are easy for students to interpret.

Larsen, Krista

349

Nanotechnology Lab Visit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers' Domain presents this video as part of a series on advanced technological education. This segment shows what goes on in a nanofabrication lab, as well as the basics of the nanotechnology industry. The top-down fabrication process of photolithography is shown, as well as the protective measures required to work in a nanofabrication lab. The video may be viewed online or downloaded. To download the clip, users must create a free login for Teachers' Domain. Running time for this Quick Time video is 3:53. Educators will also find a background essay, discussion questions, and standards alignment for the material.

2010-09-30

350

Personal Adult Learning Lab (Pall). Implications for Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Personal Adult Learning Lab was establsiehd at the Georgia Center for Continuing Education (GCCE) at the University of Georgia to serve self-directed adult learners and conduct research on self-directed learning. The lab allows adult learners to design, conduct, and evaluate their personal learning experiences while proceeding at their own…

Klippel, Judith A.; And Others

351

In Brief: Russian lab added to Arctic observatory program  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research laboratory in Tiksi, Russia, has been added to five existing Arctic labs that comprise NOAA's Arctic Atmospheric Observatory Program. The lab's location, a few kilometers to the northwest of the new Tiksi weather station in north-central Siberia, was chosen for its clean and clear air that will allow good measurement of aerosols, air chemistry, cloud properties, ozone, solar

Sarah Zielinski

2007-01-01

352

The Living Labs: Innovation in Real-Life Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The living lab (LL) is an open innovation ecosystem serving to provide opportunities for local stakeholders to practice research and to experiment with meaningful improvements for cities and other organizations. Living labs aim at involving the user as a cocreator. In this article the relationship between the LLs and a variety of stakeholders is…

Hawk, Nathan; Bartle, Gamin; Romine, Martha

2012-01-01

353

Labs at Elementary Level Help Bring Science Alive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|State and district science standards typically call for students to take part in hands-on labs and experiments in the elementary grades. The 1996 National Science Education Standards, which were written by the National Research Council and serve as a reference for many states, emphasize similar activities. Yet the use of even simple labs and…

Cavanagh, Sean

2008-01-01

354

Serial Dilution Simulation Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Serial dilution is often a difficult concept for students to understand. In this short dry lab exercise, students perform serial dilutions using seed beads. This exercise helps students gain skill at performing dilutions without using reagents, bacterial cultures, or viral cultures, while being able to visualize the process.|

Keler, Cynthia; Balutis, Tabitha; Bergen, Kim; Laudenslager, Bryanna; Rubino, Deanna

2010-01-01

355

STAT LABS: Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These datasets come from the book "STAT LABS: Mathematical Statistics Through Applications." Below the link for each dataset are descriptions of the variables for that dataset. Datasets are in text format and address topics such as maternal smoking and infant health, video games, radon, cytomegalovirus DNA, HIV, crab molting, voting, snow gauge calibration, down syndrome, and tape drive quality.

Nolan, Deb; Speed, Terry

2009-01-20

356

A "Canned" Computer Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of a set of computer programs (FORTRAN IV) in an introductory mechanics course for science majors. One laboratory activity is described for determining the coefficient of restitution of a glider on an air track. A student evaluation for the lab is included in the appendix. (Author/TS)

Dowling, John, Jr.

1972-01-01

357

Elemental Chem Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This educative material uses the symbols of 45 elements to spell the names of 32 types of laboratory equipment usually found in chemical labs. This teaching material has been divided into three puzzles according to the type of the laboratory equipment: (i) glassware as reaction vessels or containers; (ii) glassware for measuring, addition or…

Franco Mariscal, Antonio Joaquin

2008-01-01

358

Lab 3: Land Ice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the first part of this lab, students learn about land ice and the processes and timescales involved in glaciation. In Part B, they use an online interactive to explore how glaciers provide scientists with evidence for climate change. Finally, students use image processing software to measure how much area a real glacier has lost over time due to rising temperatures.

359

Fault rocks lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab is intended to give students some hands on experience looking at fault rocks with a suite of cataclasites and mylonites I have collected. The focus is on identifying key textural features in both hand sample and thin section and understanding how deformation within a fault zone varies with depth.

Singleton, John

360

Virtual Cardiology Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The focus of this lab is on heritable diseases of the heart. You are cast here as a virtual intern to accompany a doctor examining three different patients. Each patient is examined, using more than one diagnostic tool, and at each stage, the doctor will invite you to examine the patient yourself and ask for your opinion.

Joseph Perpich, M.D., J.D. (Howard Hughes Medical Institute;)

2008-04-16

361

Lab 3 - Advanced VHDL  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab activity from the Digital Logic Project demonstrates many advanced VHDL techniques and how they can be used to your advantage to create efficient VHDL code. Topics include operator balancing, resource sharing, preventing unwanted latches, and state machine encoding schemes.

2012-07-10

362

The Crime Lab Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Crime Lab Project, which takes an economical, hands-on, interdisciplinary approach to studying the career of forensics in the middle or high school classroom. Includes step-by-step student requirements for the investigative procedure, a sample evidence request form, and an assessment rubric. (KHR)|

Hein, Annamae J.

2003-01-01

363

A Big Bang Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The February 2005 issue of The Science Teacher (TST) reminded everyone that by learning how scientists study stars, students gain an understanding of how science measures things that can not be set up in lab, either because they are too big, too far away, or happened in a very distant past. The authors of "How Far are the Stars?" show how the…

Scheider, Walter

2005-01-01

364

A Big Bang Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The February 2005 issue of The Science Teacher (TST) reminded everyone that by learning how scientists study stars, students gain an understanding of how science measures things that can not be set up in lab, either because they are too big, too far away, or happened in a very distant past. The authors of "How Far are the Stars?" show how the…

Scheider, Walter

2005-01-01

365

Inside Linden Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author provides an overview of Second Life[trademark], or simply SL, which was developed at Linden Lab, a San Francisco-based corporation. SL is an online society within a threee-dimensional virtual world entirely built and owned by its residents, where they can explore, build, socialize and participate in their own economy.…

Atkinson, Tom

2008-01-01

366

Modifying Cookbook Labs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Modifies an extended lab activity from a cookbook approach for determining the percent mass of water in copper sulfate pentahydrate crystals to one which incorporates students' prior knowledge, engenders active mental struggling with prior knowledge and new experiences, and encourages metacognition. (Contains 12 references.) (ASK)|

Clark, Robert, L.; Clough, Michael P.; Berg, Craig A.

2000-01-01

367

Crater Counting Lab exercise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab focuses on the identification of impact features, and how they can used to estimate the age of planetary surfaces. Key comcepts include understanding how the crater process has changed over geologic time; how those changes manifest themselves in the surficial record of planetary landforms; how other planetary processes modify surficial landforms; how the conditions of the Solar System have changed over time.

Mullins, Kevin

368

caNanoLab  

Cancer.gov

QUICK LINKS NCI caNanoLab Wiki NCI CBIIT Home NCL Home NCL CSN Home NCI Nano Alliance Home NCI Home EXTERNAL  Disclaimer NBI NIOSH NIL InterNano nanoHUB ICON SAFENANO HOME PROTOCOLS SAMPLES PUBLICATIONS HELP GLOSSARY LOGIN Basic Sample Search Advanced

369

caNanoLab  

Cancer.gov

QUICK LINKS NCI caNanoLab Wiki NCI CBIIT Home NCL Home NCL CSN Home NCI Nano Alliance Home NCI Home EXTERNAL  Disclaimer NBI NIOSH NIL InterNano nanoHUB ICON SAFENANO HOME PROTOCOLS SAMPLES PUBLICATIONS HELP GLOSSARY LOGIN Search Publications Help

370

Writing Better Lab Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As science teachers at a suburban California high school, the authors were concerned about the lab report conclusions written by their upper-level chemistry, biology, and ecology students--which were consistently of poor quality. Their work lacked inferences derived from data and support for their concluding statements. Working as part of a…

Porter, Rhiannon; Guarienti, Kristy; Brydon, Barbara; Robb, Jeanine; Royston, Ann; Painter, Heidi; Sutherland, Alex; Passmore, Cynthia; Smith, Martin H.

2010-01-01

371

Algebra Lab: Inverse Variation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson from Algebra Lab demonstrates "how to write equations of quantities which vary inversely." The lesson includes an example of a graph of this type of equation, and several example problems. This supporting material would be best used following some in-class instruction explaining how to solve inverse variation equations.

2012-01-01

372

Nonproliferation through international lab-to-lab technology cooperation  

SciTech Connect

At the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) one of the fastest growing programs as a result of the end of the Cold War is the Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and International Security Directorate (NAI). Since the early 1990's NAI types of programs have grown from a small percentage of LLNL's budget to constitute one of its major programs. NAI's work includes developing instruments to detect chemicals and radiation, analyzing complex national defense problems, anticipating threats to the US, and providing personnel to support national and international efforts in crisis management and arms control. These functions support the US government in dealing with weapons-of-mass-destruction challenges? proliferation, terrorism, and nuclear-state instability. To combat the rapidly emerging chem-bio-terrorism threats, NAI is drawing on LLNL?s advanced technologies in bioscience, microfabrication, and computations to help the Department of Energy (DOE )provide major support to the US government. Half of NAI's effort is directed toward preventing proliferation before it starts, which is the mission of the Proliferation Prevention and Arms Control Program (PPAC). Until recently, our emphasis was on arms control. Now, arms control continues to be an important component while international cooperation and fissile material control are our dominant activities for the Department of Energy. Many of the post-Cold-War changes are highly visible, such as the elimination of nuclear testing by the United States, Russia, China and other major powers; agreements and continuing negotiations to dramatically reduce numbers of nuclear weapons; and increasing international focus on nonproliferation and counterterrorism. Other changes are less highly publicized but are no less significant. One such area is the increasing interactions between DOE Laboratory scientists and their counterparts in the nuclear weapons institutes of the former Soviet Union. Although the large majority of these Lab-to- Lab activities are currently with the FSU, that experience is leading to important and productive interactions with other countries and regions, most significantly, China and the Middle East. In contrast to the Cold War years, when most technologies developed at LLNL were solely for the US national defense efforts and therefore classified, many of NAI's new technologies and tools are unclassified and designed for use in a multilateral security environment. PPAC is the proliferation ?Prevention? element of NAI?s four-element ?Prevention-Reversal-Response-Avoid Surprise? program. We direct some twenty different projects. which have realized about a factor of ten growth in the last four years.

Dunlop, W H

1998-09-10

373

Mississippi State Physics Labs: Graphs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This inquiry-based lab for introductory physics courses explores the purpose of graphs. Students measure simple circular objects and blocks, graph the data, and look for relationships in the graphs. The lab was designed to help students discover the advantage of using graphical representations to understand numerical relationships. This material is part of a larger collection of introductory physics labs.

Ferguson, Joe; Denson, Jack

2008-09-08

374

Science Sampler: Lab report blues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For middle school students, writing a formal lab report can be challenging. For middle level teachers, reading students' lab reports can be overwhelming. As a solution, why not try peer editing? By having students critique each other in a constructive, nonverbal manner, they will be able to produce better lab reports while simultaneously engaging in the process of scientific inquiry.

Diaz, Andrew

2004-10-01

375

IMAGINING ARGENTINA: FROM THE MORAL TO THE LEGAL IN CLONING AND STEM CELL RESEARCH GOVERNANCE IN ARGENTINA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given its intimate relationship to the human body, genomic innovation implicates diverse ethical issues, and this is particularly so with respect to human stem cell research, which relies on material harvested from the body. This paper outlines the domestic and international social setting within which stem cell research and cloning debates are held, explores the contested ethical positions articulated in

Shawn H. E. Harmon

376

Is the Internet a Good Research Tool for Teaching about Law and Government? A Case Study from the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses challenges to using the Internet in teaching and tests various approaches to integrating student Internet research into a civics class. Discusses criteria for using the Internet, training students to use it, and Web-site selection. Invites readers to draw their own conclusions about the utility of Internet research. (DSK)|

Johnson, Jackie; Miller, Barbara

1998-01-01

377

Physics Labs with Flavor II  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper was inspired by the numerous requests from TPT readers to expand the number of examples of ``recurrent study'' lab exercises described in my previous paper ``Physics Labs with Flavor.''1 I recommend that readers examine it first in order to better understand this one as my attempt here is to be brief. In that paper, one can find details that are not included in this paper; here I aim to present how the essence of the recurrent method is applied to different labs. The examples used in this paper are based on the labs traditionally offered in lab manuals2-4 commonly used for introductory physics courses.

Agrest, Mikhail M.

2011-05-01

378

Relationship between State Methamphetamine Precursor Laws and Trends in Small Toxic Lab (STL) Seizures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The analyses presented suggest that both the States and Federal Government took a measured and complex approach to reducing small toxic lab (STL) methamphetamine production. Models suggest that defining the violation of methamphetamine precursor purchase ...

C. J. VanderWaal D. C. McBride J. C. O'Connor J. F. Chriqui Y. M. Terry-McElrath

2008-01-01

379

Berkeley Lab Computing Sciences: Accelerating Scientific Discovery  

SciTech Connect

Scientists today rely on advances in computer science, mathematics, and computational science, as well as large-scale computing and networking facilities, to increase our understanding of ourselves, our planet, and our universe. Berkeley Lab's Computing Sciences organization researches, develops, and deploys new tools and technologies to meet these needs and to advance research in such areas as global climate change, combustion, fusion energy, nanotechnology, biology, and astrophysics.

Hules, John A

2008-12-12

380

ChemLab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dartmouth College's introductory chemistry course program has a Web site that is worth a look by students and professors of chemistry at other institutions. Visitors to the site can ignore the exam and grading sections and head straight to the Java applets. With these nine, nifty mini-tutorials, students can create a custom periodic table, play fill-in-the-blank periodic table puzzles, run virtual labs on anions and cations, construct a visible spectrum, practice least-squares regressions, and much more. Visitors to the site will also find the "Chemistry and Background" portions of the online laboratory manuals (filed under Chem 3/5 and Chem 6) useful and also should review the section on how and why to keep a chemistry lab notebook.

1997-01-01

381

Human Chromosome Spread Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Biotechnology Education & Training Sequence Investment (BETSI) Project was established in 2004, funded by a National Science Foundation (NSF) Advanced Technological Education (ATE) grant and built on the foundation of the Southwestern College Biotechnology Program. The BETSI Project was designed as "an educational cascade that starts with high school teacher training and student outreach, followed by the completion of the SWC Biotechnology Certification Program and internship opportunities, culminating with facilitation of jobs in the biotechnology industry." The BETSI Project has made several classroom activities available online including the activity featured here, "Human Chromosome Lab Procedures". This activity includes a basic introduction, a materials list, background information, procedures (step-by-step and including illustrations), and a results area. This exercise should prove useful to any educator interested in Human Chromosome instruction and lab activities.

2008-01-01

382

Public Perspectives on Government Information Technology: A Review of Survey Research on Privacy, Civil Liberties and the Democratic Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary purpose of the report is to review survey research on public attitudes toward governmental uses of new communication, computing, and information technologies. Particular attention is paid to the implications of governmental information technol...

W. H. Dutton R. G. Meadow

1985-01-01

383

Remaking Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Policy Governance model's philosophical foundations lie in Rousseau's social contract, Greenleaf's servant-leadership, and modern management theory. Policy Governance stresses primacy of the owner-representative role; full-board authority; superintendents as chief executive officers; authoritative prescription of "ends," bounded freedom for…

Carver, John

2000-01-01

384

Political Communications Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How do polls of public opinion and political behavior work exactly? Well, it's definitely a complex answer, and when you add the mix of how exactly these polls work when done in a less "traditional" fashion, such as with the Internet, things get even more complicated. Part of the mission of the Political Communication Lab at Stanford University is "to develop and administer experimental studies of public opinion and political behavior through the use of both on-line and traditional methods". The site is a rather fascinating one, as it contains a number of informative areas on work at the Lab and on the current presidential election campaign. One of the group's projects that is worth a look is the Voter Attention Share project, in which the Lab is tracking the total number of daily references to key election issues across national TV newscasts and the 80 most widely read daily newspapers from June 1 to Election Day. Visitors can also read about the group's other projects and listen to a talk on online polling by Professors James Fishkin and Shanto Iyengar.

385

HIGH RESOLTUION GEOELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS OF BIODEGRADATION AND SURFACTANT REMEDIATION: LAB AND FIELD STUDES AND A NEW CHARACTERIZATION TEST CELL FIELD RESEARCH SITE  

EPA Science Inventory

Laboratory and field high vertical resolution geophysical research has shown that geoelectrical measurements can detect and monitor the natural attenuation of petroleum hydrocarbons. These results have lead to the continued development and refinement of the conductive model for h...

386

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project: The Relationship Between the Use of US Government Technical Reports by US Aerospace Engineers and Scientists and Selected Institutional and Sociometric Variables.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The relationship between the use of U.S. government technical reports by U.S. aerospace engineers and scientists and selected institutional and sociometric variables was investigated. The methodology used for this study was survey research. Data were coll...

T. E. Pinelli

1991-01-01

387

Renewing governance.  

PubMed

Globalization's profound influence on social and political institutions need not be negative. Critics of globalization have often referred to the "Impossible Trinity" because decision-making must 1. respect national sovereignty, 2. develop and implement firm regulation, and 3. allow capital markets to be as free as possible. To many, such goals are mutually exclusive because history conditions us to view policy-making and governance in traditional molds. Thus, transnational governance merely appears impossible because current forms of governance were not designed to provide it. The world needs new tools for governing, and its citizens must seize the opportunity to help develop them. The rise of a global society requires a greater level of generality and inclusion than is found in most policy bodies today. Politicians need to re-examine key assumptions about government. States must develop ways to discharge their regulatory responsibilities across borders and collaborate with neighboring jurisdictions, multilateral bodies, and business. Concepts such as multilateralism and tripartism show great promise. Governments must engage civil society in the spirit of shared responsibility and democratic decision-making. Such changes will result in a renewal of the state's purpose and better use of international resources and expertise in governance. PMID:17208717

Loos, Gregory P

2003-01-01

388

Online Writing Lab: Workplace Writers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed and maintained by Purdue's Online Writing Lab (OWL) this very useful portion of the larger OWL site focuses on professional and business writing. The site is divided topically focusing on resumes and job search writing, general business writing, letters, memos and reports. In each of these section users will find tips and pointers as well as examples which showcase best practices when crafting letters, reports or other materials. A very useful section for educators is a selection of Power-point presentations, along with handouts, which address a number of business writing topics. Another very nice feature are the OWL online workshops, which walk users through a series of links and pages to help support the creation of writing resumes, cover letters and research reports.

2006-12-19

389

Urban governance, participation and the voice of the poor in South African and Indian cities - research agenda for a comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea for this comparative project emerged out o f a one year international programme funded by French Research Institutes abroad (2007), on the theme of 'Democratic Transformation in Emerging Countries'3. The coordinators of one of the South African projects (C.Bénit-Gbaffou) and of the Indian project (S. Tawa Lama- Rewal), who worked on very similar topics, namely t he place

Claire Bénit-Gbaffou; Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal

390

Governing Science and economic growth at a distance: accounting representation and the management of research and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science and technology in the UK have been the site of governmental problematization during the 1980s. Although research and development activity has, since the Second World War, been conceived as a significant component of economic growth and future national prosperity, the neo-liberalist philosophy of reining in public expenditures and state intervention and encouraging private, ‘market’ solutions has seemingly conflicted with

Keith Robson

1993-01-01

391

University Reforms and Academic Governance Reconsidered: Report of the Six-Nation Higher Education Research Project. RIHE International Publication Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains papers from the Six Nation Higher Education Research Project, an initiative that has focused on making a comparative study of the reform of higher education at the stage of postmassification in six countries: China, Germany, Singapore, Switzerland, the United States, and Japan. The papers are: (1) The Six Nation Higher…

Arimoto, Akira, Ed.

392

Using grounded theory method for theory building in operations management research : A study on inter-firm relationship governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Qualitative theory building approaches, such as grounded theory method (GTM), are still not very widespread and rigorously applied in operations management (OM) research. Yet it is agreed that more systematic observation of current industrial phenomena is necessary to help managers deal with their problems. The purpose of this paper is to provide an example to help guide other

Mario Binder; John S. Edwards

2010-01-01

393

Governing of agrarian innovations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper adapts the principles of the new developing New Institutional and Transaction Cost Economics (integrating Economics, Organization, Law, Political and Behavioral Sciences) to the area of agrarian research and innovations. The major institutional, behavioral, dimensional, technological and transaction costs factors for governing research and innovation activities are determined. The specific market, private, public and hybrid modes for organization of

Hrabrin Bachev

2008-01-01

394

5 Pre-Lab and Lab Activities for Newtonian Mechanics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Key to success of a lab activity is the student's prerequisite skills. This workshop focuses on 5 pre-lab white board activities with the corresponding lab activities in Newtonian mechanics utilizing the GMLAD. The activities will cover projectile motion; kinematics, Newton's 2nd Law, Determination of Friction and its Coefficient, Conservation of Energy, Determination of the Spring Constant, and Conservation of Momentum in 2 Dimensions. Limited to 24 participants - 2 hours - Cost 5.00

Mangold, James

2010-03-01

395

Lab 5: Gone Fishing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab activity introduces students to overfishing, using Georges Bank groundfish as a case study. In Part A, students learn about overfishing by examining trends in annual haddock landings and mortality in Georges Bank from 1969-2004. In Part B, they learn about what it means for a species to be overfished by examining trends in Georges Bank Atlantic cod recruitments and biomass from 1978-2004. In Part C, students explore whether or not it is possible to reverse the effects of overfishing through ecosystem and fisheries management.

396

Engineering Media Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Engineering Media Lab at the University of Oklahoma (OU) is an outstanding resource for engineering students taking introductory courses in statics or dynamics. Although the database of homework and exam problems is only available to OU students, the most valuable materials are open to the general public. Online books and lectures guide users through concepts such as three-dimensional motion, friction, and vibration. The eBooks include multimedia animations to illustrate the effects of different forces on objects and rigid bodies.

397

Annenberg Media: Teachers' Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This small collection from Learner.org provides a unique digital lab for teachers to explore new ideas in learning. The activities are designed around four strands: patterns in mathematics, seasonal changes and moon phases, geometry, and the nature of light. Each section features interactive exercises to challenge teachers' thinking about logic, pattern recognition, shape and structure, symbolic relationships, and mathematical reasoning. The authors then delve into the learning theory behind the activities and how it can be extended to learners of different ages and abilities. Each module provides links to hands-on activities for the classroom.

2012-11-30

398

Plymouth Wave Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Plymouth Wave Lab is a series of movies of waves on a string intended for middle school students. The reference material at the site explains the relationship between the behavior of the string in the six examples and the behavior of a tsunami. The December 26, 2004 tsunami that was generated from the M9.0 Sumatra earthquake has raised public awareness worldwide of the disastrous consequences of tsunami waves. Thus the Marine Seismology and Geoacoustics Group of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute offers, within the context of a middle school curriculum on waves, five lessons that can be learned from tsunamis.

399

Research and development of methods/utilities and rules for managing cooperation for performance improvement in government offices  

SciTech Connect

On September 1, 1991, Defense Programs (DP) within the US Department of Energy entered into a research grant with Management Systems Laboratories (MSL) of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), to study Tools, Methods, and Rules for Managing Cooperation for Performance Improvement. Continuous performance improvement is a gradual, systematic process. The idea is to do a little better each day by knowing where you are, where you want to be, what you have to do to get there, whether or not you have done it, and how to resolve problems doing it. And, although many management decisions are made along direct lines of authority, much of the work of an organization can be achieved only through cooperation (people sharing information and coordinating effort). Therefore, continuous performance improvement requires working cooperatively to do a little better each day. We are researching the most effective configuration of tools working through what we believe is a closed set of nine methods. These methods are: setting expectations, charting, defining indicators and standards, collecting and logging data, converting data to information, organizing and presenting information, reviewing status and progress, self-management, and appraising. We believe that these methods form a closed set because they reflect the management activities of formulation (planning),execution (doing), and verification (evaluating). If these activities are carried out effectively through the methods, the manager can achieve visibility and control.

Not Available

1992-03-01

400

Research and development of methods/utilities and rules for managing cooperation for performance improvement in government offices  

SciTech Connect

Purpose is to help managers approach their responsibilities proactively, so that they can anticipate problems and take actions to alleviate or eliminate those problems. Continuous performance improvement, the philosophy behind total quality management, requires working cooperatively to do a little better each day. The most effective tools are working through a closed set of 9 methods: setting expectations, charting, defining indicators and standards, collecting and logging data, converting data to information, organizing and presenting information, reviewing status and progress, self-management, and appraising. In addition, there are 8 rules: focus on what you can do, supply physical evidence of progress, pay attention to detail, inspect (don't expect), review progress routinely and frequently, face ''success/fail'' squarely, communicate crisply, and conduct honest, open appraisals. Scope and plans of the draft research plan (study areas) are described.

Kurstedt, H.A.

1993-03-01

401

Advanced LabVIEW Labs; Physics Today (review).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There have been approximately fifteen books concerning LabVIEW, but Professor Essick's treatise takes on a completely different tack than all of the previous discussions. LabVIEW is written in 'G' a graphical programming language developed by National Ins...

E. D. Jones

1999-01-01

402

Lab at Home: Hardware Kits for a Digital Design Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An innovative laboratory methodology for an introductory digital design course is presented. Instead of having traditional lab experiences, where students have to come to school classrooms, a "lab at home" concept is proposed. Students perform real experiments in their own homes, using hardware kits specially developed for this purpose. They…

Oliver, J. P.; Haim, F.

2009-01-01

403

Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) offers over 100 handouts on English writing skills. The collection could be called an online grammar book or a basic writing course. Categories covered include sentences, punctuation, parts of speech, spelling, methods of citing sources in research paper writing, English as a second language, and general writing concerns such as writers block, proofreading, non-sexist language, resume writing, business and professional writing, and coping with writing anxiety. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/

404

Making Guided Labs More Student Centered  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics education research implies that students learn better through student centered inquiry, or self-discovery. We discuss steps to modify an existing guided lab to make it more student centered. Examples from our physical science non-sequence service course will be presented. For this course explicit content goals are abandoned in favor of improving students' ability to think scientifically. The pros and cons of this approach will also be touched upon.

Coffey, Timothy

2010-03-01

405

Research and development of methods and tools for achieving and maintaining consensus processes in the face of change within and among government oversight agencies: Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This progress report summarizes our research activities under our consensus grant. In year four of the grant, we continued to capitalize on and benefit from historical events which drove our early emphasis on group process studies. Following our work on various procedures for bringing together groups such as the State and Tribal Government Working Group and the Stakeholders' Forum (both of which provide input to the Five-Year Waste Plan), we continue to observe these groups and collect data. We also began a configuration study involving the complex modeling of DOE's Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM). Related to group process studies is the issue of the information requirements for individuals making decisions in consensus groups. Our information studies examined the requirements for decision-related information, frameworks for such information, and the effectiveness of information portrayed for decision making. However, we were able not only to continue studying consensus groups in action and related information issues, but also to focus considerable attention on the fundamental side of our research. The fundamental or basic research conducted in year four included: (1) expanding our literature database; (2) beginning the writing of the literature review summary document and the consensus guide; (3) developing frameworks and models such as the Environmental Trilogy model and a structural equations model of the consensus process; and (4) conducting laboratory studies concerning the effects of the presence of an expert, met expectations, opportunity to express views, incentive structure and conflict type (competitive versus collaborative) on consensus outcomes.

Not Available

1992-03-01

406

Iceland Lavas Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this exercise is to link volcanic rock petrology (hand samples and thin sections) with volcanic rock analytical data to hypothesize on crystal fractionation/accumulation control on lava composition. This lab exercise starts with thin section and hand sample sets of Iceland lavas. To the extent possible, each set has a range of lava compositions including picrites, multiply saturated basalts, and silicic lavas. Also provided is a spreadsheet table of Iceland lava chemical compositions and phenocryst compositions. During the lab, students first identify phenocryst and other phases in their sample set, and compile a table of lava mineralogy. The students then take the spreadsheet of chemical analyses and plot them according to location: Rekjaness, Askja, and Hekla, and they also plot the phenocryst compositions (phenocryst composition changes with magma evolution are ignored. Students then use the rock-derived phenocryst information and phase diagrams (looked at elsewhere in class) to decide which lavas were probably precipitating which phenocryst phases. They then draw crystal fractionation/accumulation control lines on their graphs to illustrate hypothetical controls on magma evolution. They also look at the continuity of data to decide if silicic rocks are related to the basalts by a continuum process (like crystal fractionation, e.g., Hekla) or by a non-continuum process (like partial melting of a different source rock, e.g., Askja). This exercise has proven useful in my course to strengthen the link between rock petrology and rock suite chemical variation. Without something of this sort, I have found that most students have a hard time understanding the meaning of chemical variation diagrams of an igneous suite. This lab follows a phase diagram study of igneous rocks, particulary Fo-An-Di which is most pertinent to the Iceland lavas. It also directly follows an introduction to control lines that is based on a series of Kilauea lavas (illustrated in another submission to this archive). Note that crystal fractionation and accumulation are certainly not the only processes that control these Iceland magma compositions. This exercise is illustrative only of these processes, however.

Hollocher, Kurt

407

Berkeley Lab: A Place of Wonder, Spring 2006  

ScienceCinema

Video produced in early 2006. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab has been a leader in science and engineering research for more than 75 years. The Lab conducts a wide range of scientific research with key efforts in fundamental studies of the universe, quantitative biology, nanoscience, new energy systems and environmental solutions, and the use of computing as a tool for discovery. Located on a 200 acre site in the hills above the University of California's Berkeley campus, adjacent to the San Francisco Bay, Berkeley Lab holds the distinction of being the oldest of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Laboratories. Eleven Nobel laureates are associated with Berkeley Lab. It is managed by the University of California.

408

RANN 2. Realizing Knowledge as a Resource. Proceedings of the Symposium on Research Applied to National Needs (2nd). Volume V. Improving Government Responsiveness to Public Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume examines the role science and technology can play in improving the capacity of state and local governments to respond to certain public needs such as (1) identifying and addressing priority problems of state and local governments; (2) increasi...

1977-01-01

409

TQM in a Computer Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At the Purdue University School of Technology (PST) at Columbus, Indiana, the Total Quality Management (TQM) philosophy was used in the computer laboratories to better meet student needs. A customer satisfaction survey was conducted to gather data on lab facilities, lab assistants, and hardware/software; other sections of the survey included…

Swanson, Dewey A.; Phillips, Julie A.

410

The Virtual Transgenic Fly Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lab will familiarize you with the science and techniques used to make transgenic flies. Transgenic organisms, which contain DNA that is inserted experimentally, are used to study many biological processes. In this lab, you will create a transgenic fly to study circadian rhythms.

Peter J. Bruns, Ph.D. (Howard Hughes Medical Institute;)

2008-04-16

411

LifeLab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LifeLab is a Mac application for exploring John Conway's Game of Life and other cellular automata. CAs were first studied in the mid-1950s by Stanislaw Ulam and John von Neumann. The subject became much more widely known in 1970 when Life was described by Martin Gardner in his Scientific American column. Life is played on an arbitrary-sized grid of square cells. Each cell has two states: "dead" or "alive". The state of every cell changes from one "generation" to the next according to the states of its 8 nearest neighbors: a dead cell becomes alive (a "birth") if it has exactly 3 live neighbors; a live cell dies out if it has less than 2 or more than 3 live neighbors. The "game" of Life simply involves starting off with a pattern of live cells and watching it evolve.

Trevorrow, Andrew

412

RiskLab - a joint Teaching Lab on Hazard and Risk Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the future natural disasters are expected to increase due to climatic changes that strongly affect environmental, social and economical systems. For this reason and because of the limited resources, governments require analytical risk analysis for a better mitigation planning. Risk analysis is a process to determine the nature and extent of risk by estimating potential hazards and evaluating existing conditions of vulnerability that could pose a potential threat or harm to people, property, livelihoods and environment. This process has become a generally accepted approach for the assessment of cost-benefit scenarios; originating from technical risks it is being applied to natural hazards for several years now in Switzerland. Starting from these premises "Risk Lab", a joint collaboration between the Institute of Earth Sciences of the University of Applied Sciences of Southern Switzerland and the Institute for Economic Research of the University of Lugano, has been started in 2006, aiming to become a competence centre about Risk Analysis and Evaluation. The main issue studied by the lab concerns the topic "What security at what price?" and the activities follow the philosophy of the integral risk management as proposed by PLANAT, that defines the process as a cycle that contains different and interrelated phases. The final aim is to change the population and technician idea about risk from "defending against danger" to "being aware of risks" through a proper academic course specially addressed to young people. In fact the most important activity of the laboratory consists in a degree course, offered both to Engineering and Architecture students of the University of Applied Sciences of Southern Switzerland and Economy Students of the University of Lugano. The course is structured in two main parts: an introductive, theoretical part, composed by class lessons, where the main aspects of natural hazards, risk perception and evaluation and risk management are presented and analyzed, and a second part, composed by practical activities, where students can learn specific statistical methods and test and use technical software. Special importance is given to seminars held by experts or members of Civil Protection and risk management institutes. Excursions are often organized to directly see and study practical case studies (Eg. The city of Locarno and the lake Maggiore inundations). The course is organized following a "classical" structure (it's mainly held in a class or in an informatics lab), but students can also benefit from a special web portal, powered by "e.coursers" , the official USI/SUPSI Learning Management System , where they can find issues and documents about natural hazards and risk management. The main pedagogical value is that students can attend a course which is entirely devoted to dealing with natural and man-made hazards and risk, allowing them to resume geological, space planning and economic issues and to face real case studies in a challenging and holistic environment. The final aim of the course is to provide students an useful and integrated "toolbox", essential to cope with and to resolve the overwhelming problems due to vulnerability and danger increase of the present-day society. The course has by now reached the third academic year and the initial results are encouraging: beyond the knowledge and expertise acquired, the graduate students, that are now for the most part working in engineering studies or private companies, have shown to have acquired a mentality devoted to understanding and managing risk. REFERENCES PLANAT HTTP://WWW.CENAT.CH/INDEX.PHP?USERHASH=79598753&L=D&NAVID=154 ECOURSES HTTP://CORSI.ELEARNINGLAB.ORG/ NAHRIS HTTP://WWW.NAHRIS.CH/

Baruffini, Mi.; Baruffini, Mo.; Thuering, M.

2009-04-01

413

Community governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

American politics, especially at the national level, has become dysfunctional; citizens are deeply frustrated with their political leaders and feel that political institutions are unresponsive and corrupted by entrenched power and money. Government leaders must bear the brunt of this anger and distrust, and subsequently feel a sense of disconnection between themselves and those whom they serve. Ironically, at the

Christopher Gates

1999-01-01

414

Geologic Structures Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about the variables governing the brittle and ductile behavior of rocks, the simple geological structures associated with differential stress, and look at and apply real data to evaluate the depth to the brittle-ductile transition in the crust and how that depth can change temporarily due to sudden changes in stress introduced by large earthquakes.

Leland, John

415

University of Texas: Allen J. Bard Lab of Electrochemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Allen J. Bard's Lab of Electrochemistry at the University of Texas is interested in "the application of electrochemical methods to the study of chemical problems." The website offers lengthy lists of Bard's journal articles, patents, books, and other publications. Users can discover the lab's current research projects dealing with ultra-high-resolution electrochemistry; photoelectrochemistry at semiconductors; and electrochemical studies of biological systems, organic species, and inorganic species. Students and educators can find a link to an interactive Periodic Table of Elements.

416

Activities at iThemba LABS Cyclotron Facilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

iThemba Laboratory for Acceleratory Based Sciences (iThemba LABS) is a multi-disciplinary cyclotron facility. Chief among its activities is the operation of a k=200 sepparate sector cyclotron (SSC) which provides proton beams of energies up to 200 MeV. These beams are used for fundamental nuclear physics research in the intermediate energy region, isotope production and medical physics applications. Details on developments regarding the new flagship project at iThemba LABS are also presented.

Bark, R. M.; Cornell, J.; Lawrie, J. J.; Vilakazi, Z. Z.

417

The analysis of image acquisition in LabVIEW  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, four methods of image acquisition in LabVIEW were described, and its realization principles and the procedures in combination with different hardware architectures were illustrated in the virtual instrument laboratory. Experiment results show that the methods of image acquisition in LabVIEW have many advantages such as easier configuration, lower complexity and stronger practicability than in VB and C++. Thus the methods are fitter to set the foundation for image processing, machine vision, pattern recognition research.

Xu, Wuni; Zhong, Lanxiang

2011-04-01

418

The Problem with Organic Chemistry Labs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The problem with organic chemistry labs is that the educational objectives of lab instructions are often vague and seldom stated. The great majority of organic chemistry labs in American colleges and universities are based on verification experiments.|

Mohrig, Jerry R.

2004-01-01

419

The dream lab  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, there is concern that the environment for conducting excellent research is deteriorating within the United States' large public research laboratories. This worry is being voiced both by the rank and file scientists within these institutions, as well as by leaders responsible for stewarding the US research infrastructure. The article describes a study which is limited to assessing the research

G. B. Jordan; L. D. Streit; J. S. Binkley

2003-01-01

420

The effect of lab sequence in science instruction: The consequences of shifting labs to the beginning of learning units  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the relationship between activity sequence and student outcomes in science instruction. Traditionally sequenced teacher learning units with lab activities late in activity sequence were compared to learning units with labs first in their activity sequence. A mixed-methods, quasi-experimental approach was used to test the effectiveness of a lab-first lesson approach suggested by the literature. Quantitative methods were used to assess content achievement; and qualitative methods were used to assess perception. No statistically significant difference was found between the approaches, although the researcher interpreted the results as suggesting some learning advantage for a lab-first approach. Although the teacher thought lab-first appeared to enhance learning, and students seemed to notice no difference during instruction, students preferred and thought they learned best with a lab-last approach. The teacher's view of the lab-first approach was positive; and he is inclined to continue to use it in his practice following the study.

Russell, Thomas R.

421

Falling in Love with IT Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a I fell in love with IT governance in 2004, after reading the second edition of the Board Briefing on IT Governance (IT Governance Institute, 2003) and just before reading IT Governance: How Top Performers Manage IT Decision Rights for Superior Results, by Peter Weill and Jeanne Ross (Harvard Business Press, 2004), or hearing about their research. I mean it when

Steven Romero

422

A Survey of LTR Program Industry Partner Satisfaction at Oak Ridge National Lab  

SciTech Connect

As a US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC) National Laboratory, the Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL) participates in the Laboratory Technology Research (LTR) Program. The mission of the LTR Program is to advance science and technology, in support of DOE missions, toward innovative applications through cost-shared partnerships with the private sector. The benefits to industry participants include gaining access to world-class researchers and facilities, while the benefits to the ORNL researchers includes leveraging the declining government-provided funds. Thus, the importance placed upon industry partner satisfaction is large, especially if the LTR Program is to be sustained during episodes of government budget constraints. Realizing the critical nature of partner satisfaction, in 1998 the DOE-SC National Laboratories surveyed industrial partners to assess their satisfaction with the cooperative research projects in which they were involved. This paper will describe the survey methodology including development of the questionnaire and a summary of the responses (particularly those which are germane to the ORNL.) The results of the survey will be categorized as follows: (1) Desire to partner again with ORNL; (2) Benefits obtained by the company from the partnership; and (3) LTR Program ratings assigned in 11 key areas (i.e., quality of work, expertise, protection of intellectual property, value, facilities, understanding company needs, reliability of funding, schedule responsiveness, project management, contract negotiation, and contract administration.) More information about the LTR Program can be found at http://www.er.doe.gov/production/octr/aentr/aeptrnr.html.

Payne, T.L.; Kniel, C.

2000-02-01

423

Neutron Transversity at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Nucleon transversity and single transverse spin asymmetries have been the recent focus of large efforts by both theorists and experimentalists. On-going and planned experiments from HERMES, COMPASS and RHIC are mostly on the proton or the deuteron. Presented here is a planned measurement of the neutron transversity and single target spin asymmetries at Jefferson Lab in Hall A using a transversely polarized {sup 3}He target. Also presented are the results and plans of other neutron transverse spin experiments at Jefferson Lab. Finally, the factorization for semi-inclusive DIS studies at Jefferson Lab is discussed.

Jian-Ping Chen; Xiaodong Jiang; Jen-chieh Peng; Lingyan Zhu

2005-09-07

424

Socratic Dialog-Inducing Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed by Richard Hake of Indiana University, Bloomington, the resource contain SDI Labs that are "guided construction" labs featuring hands-and-heads-on experiments in introductory mechanics. Their effectiveness in promoting student crossover to the the Newtonian World has been demonstrated by rigorous pre-post testing. Seven labs that are titled "Vectors, Postion and Frames of Reference;" "Introduction to Kinematics;" "Newton's First and Third Laws;" "Prelab Assignment;" "Newton's Second Law;" "Circular Motion and Frictional Forces;" "Rotational Dynamics;" "Angular Momentum;" "Newton's Second Law Revisted;" and "Newton's Laws Revisted" are included. Additionally, external references are provided.

Hake, Richard R.

2009-03-25

425

ConsumerLab.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It may be difficult for the average consumer to evaluate the sometimes grandiose claims that various supplements, vitamins, and other such products make on their labels and such. One way to learn about products is ConsumerLab.com, which provides independent test results and information in order to assist consumers and healthcare professionals to evaluate such products. The casual visitor will want to begin by looking over the ÂLatest Results area on the homepage, which provides some information on their recent tests on melatonin sleep supplements and other related nostrums. Visitors looking for information on specific products will want to direct their mouse to the ÂLaboratory Test Results area. Here they can look through a list of product evaluations that include nutrition bars, ginkgo biloba, and the ever-popular echinacea. The site is rounded out by a very nice area on ÂRecalls and Warnings, which (as its name suggests) includes information on recent notices posted by the Federal Trade Commission and other such agencies.

426

Citizen Science at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cornell Lab of Ornithology is an international center for the study, appreciation, and conservation of birds located on a 200-acre wildlife sanctuary in Ithaca, New York. Founded in 1915 by Arthur A. Allen, the world's first professor of ornithology, the Lab originally became known for its pioneering work in bird photography and has been involved in public education ever since. In fact, Dr. Allen's desire to embrace the public by involving bird watchers in field research launched the Lab on an important path that it continues to this day--that of breaking down barriers between "science" and "public" by actively engaging citizens in the process of scientific inquiry. This chapter will focus on the development and impact of three Citizen Science Lab projects: Project Feeder Watch, the Great Backyard Bird Count, and eBird.

Bonney, Rick

2008-01-01

427

Energy Efficient Buildings and Appliances: From Berkeley Lab to the Marketplace (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)  

SciTech Connect

Summer Lecture Series 2006: Art Rosenfeld, an appointee to the California Energy Commission and one of the architects of energy efficiency research at Berkeley Lab in the 1970s, discusses what it takes to shepherd innovative energy efficiency research from the lab to the real world.

Rosenfeld, Art (Commissioner, California Energy Commission)

2006-07-10

428

Biomedical engineering research at DOE national labs  

SciTech Connect

Biomedical Engineering is the application of principles of physics, chemistry, nd engineering to problems of human health. The National Laboratories of the U.S. Department of Energy have been leaders in this scientific field since 1947. This inventory of their biomedical engineering projects was compiled in January 1999.

None

1999-03-01

429

Bell Labs - Physical Sciences Research - Wireless  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website includes a full description of wireless communication projects from Bell laboratories. Projects include a 3G network, soft information processor, voGPRS, pocket GPRS, Blast and analog channel decoder technologies.

2010-12-31

430

Frederick National Lab: Property Database  

Cancer.gov

All potential users of Frederick National Lab excess equipment are encouraged to pay close attention to the condition codes assigned to the equipment. The codes are assigned from the information provided by the previous user.

431

Vested Interests in Addiction Research and Policy Alcohol policies out of context: drinks industry supplanting government role in alcohol policies in sub-Saharan Africa  

PubMed Central

Background In this paper, we describe an analysis of alcohol policy initiatives sponsored by alcohol producer SABMiller and the International Center on Alcohol Policies, an alcohol industry-funded organization. In a number of sub-Saharan countries these bodies have promoted a ‘partnership’ role with governments to design national alcohol policies. Methodology A comparison was conducted of four draft National Alcohol Policy documents from Lesotho, Malawi, Uganda and Botswana using case study methods. Findings The comparison indicated that the four drafts are almost identical in wording and structure and that they are likely to originate from the same source. Conclusions The processes and the draft policy documents reviewed provide insights into the methods, as well as the strategic and political objectives of the multi-national drinks industry. This initiative reflects the industry's preferred version of a national alcohol policy. The industry policy vision ignores, or chooses selectively from, the international evidence base on alcohol prevention developed by independent alcohol researchers and disregards or minimizes a public health approach to alcohol problems. The policies reviewed maintain a narrow focus on the economic benefits from the trade in alcohol. In terms of alcohol problems (and their remediation) the documents focus upon individual drinkers, ignoring effective environmental interventions. The proposed policies serve the industry's interests at the expense of public health by attempting to enshrine ‘active participation of all levels of the beverage alcohol industry as a key partner in the policy formulation and implementation process’.

Bakke, ?ystein; Endal, Dag

2010-01-01

432

Dancing Around My Technology Classroom Box (My Second RET Lab)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The laboratory the author had been assigned for his RET (Research Experience for Teachers) at Vanderbilt University is new and different from the one he had previously experienced. This summer he was assigned to the Microfluidics and Lab-on-a-chip laboratory to help research dielectrophoresis. As this is an emerging technology, there was not a…

Carter, Terry

2010-01-01

433

Virtual Labs and Virtual Worlds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Virtual Labs and Virtual Worlds Coastline Community College has under development several virtual lab simulations and activities that range from biology, to language labs, to virtual discussion environments. Imagine a virtual world that students enter online, by logging onto their computer from home or anywhere they have web access. Upon entering this world they select a personalized identity represented by a digitized character (avatar) that can freely move about, interact with the environment, and communicate with other characters. In these virtual worlds, buildings, gathering places, conference rooms, labs, science rooms, and a variety of other “real world” elements are evident. When characters move about and encounter other people (players) they may freely communicate. They can examine things, manipulate objects, read signs, watch video clips, hear sounds, and jump to other locations. Goals of critical thinking, social interaction, peer collaboration, group support, and enhanced learning can be achieved in surprising new ways with this innovative approach to peer-to-peer communication in a virtual discussion world. In this presentation, short demos will be given of several online learning environments including a virtual biology lab, a marine science module, a Spanish lab, and a virtual discussion world. Coastline College has been a leader in the development of distance learning and media-based education for nearly 30 years and currently offers courses through PDA, Internet, DVD, CD-ROM, TV, and Videoconferencing technologies. Its distance learning program serves over 20,000 students every year. sponsor Jerry Meisner

Boehler, Ted

2006-12-01

434

Introducing Children to Democratic Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have been studying children's knowledge, thinking, and attitudes about government for several decades. However, the studies focusing on elementary students, and especially primary students, have little or nothing to say about children's ideas about democracy or democratic government. That is because children at these ages have not yet…

Alleman, Janet; Brophy, Jere

2006-01-01

435

Mississippi State Physics Labs: Circuits and Continuity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This item is an introductory lab that explores simple circuits. In this lab, students work cooperatively to observe, construct, and draw diagrams of simple circuits to foster understanding of the concept of continuity. The lab requires basic circuit components such as batteries, bulbs, and circuit boards. This item is part of a larger collection of online physics labs by the authors.

Ferguson, Joe; Denson, Jack

2008-07-19

436

Probiotic Spectra of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and their probio-active cellular substances exert many beneficial effects in the gastrointestinal tract. LAB prevent adherence, establishment, and replication of several enteric mucosal pathogens through several antimicrobial mechanisms. LAB also release various enzymes into the intestinal lumen and exert potential synergistic effects on digestion and alleviate symptoms of intestinal malabsoption. Consumption of LAB fermented dairy products

A. S. Naidu; W. R. Bidlack; R. A. Clemens

1999-01-01

437

Berkeley Lab 2002-2003 Highlights: Biosciences and Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site highlights new developments in biosciences and health research at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. As part of a special issue of the Berkeley Lab Research Review, this site offers short articles featuring Berkeley researchers and covers such diverse topics as the genome of the Japanese pufferfish and the structure of water channels in cell membranes. The articles are written for a general audience, and each featured research project concerns some aspect of human health.

438

Visual Programming in the Wild: A Survey of LabVIEW Programmers  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of research into the cognitive effects of visual programming representations, a worldwide survey of LabVIEW programmers was conducted via the World Wide Web and resulted in 227 survey responses. The survey questionnaire was designed to allow some distinction between opinions about the visual aspects of LabVIEW and opinions about LabVIEW's many other features; this paper presents an analysis

Kirsten N. Whitley; Alan F. Blackwell

2001-01-01

439

An introduction to LabVIEW exercise for an electronics class  

Microsoft Academic Search

National Instruments' LabVIEW has become a popular programming environment for data acquisition in academia and industry. Most LabVIEW reference materials require a significant investment of time. At the University of San Diego (USD), the authors wanted to provide an introduction to LabVIEW for all electrical engineering majors without adding additional classes or laboratories to the curriculum. During a summer research

Melanie L. Higa; Dalia M. Tawy; Susan M. Lord

2002-01-01

440

Research, part of a Special Feature on Realizing Water Transitions: The Role of Policy Entrepreneurs in Water Policy Change Water Governance in Mexico: Political and Economic Aperatures and a Shifting State-Citizen Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the adoption of dramatic national water policy reforms in 1992, Mexico's water governance paradigm has had time to mature. This article analyzes Mexico's experience with water policy transition, based on research in irrigation districts and river basin councils in the northwestern state of Sonora. I examine the trajectory of the water policy transition using the policy sciences framework set

Margaret Wilder

2010-01-01

441

NCL Objective #6 - Nanotechnology Characterization Lab (NCL)  

Cancer.gov

The emphasis of the NCL on the many facets of cancer research enables it to serve as a nexus for transdisciplinary research, development, and clinical applications of nanotechnology. The NCL intends to provide resources, knowledge, tools and methods for cancer researchers. It does not seek to duplicate the efforts of established and emerging programs by academia, industry or government programs in nanotechnology or to intrude on the domain of other programs. Rather, it seeks to partner with these programs.

442

Governance in the Muslim World.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is to summarize research that maps the Muslim world in terms of its diversity and commonalities, particularly with respect to governance; examine the current operating environment for development assistance; identify the implicat...

2004-01-01

443

An Overview of Dark Matter Experiments at Jefferson Lab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dark Matter research at Jefferson Lab started in 2006 with the LIght Pseudoscalar and Scalar Search (LIPSS) collaboration to check the validity of results reported by the PVLAS collaboration. In the intervening years interest in dark matter laboratory experiments has grown at Jefferson Lab. Current research underway or in planning stages probe various mass regions covering 14 orders of magnitude: from 10-6 eV to 100 MeV. This presentation will be an overview of our dark matter searches, three of which focus on the hypothesized A' gauge boson.

Boyce, James R.; Collaborations: Lipss; DarkLight; Hps; Apex

2012-09-01

444

LabCAST: The MIT Media Lab Video Podcast  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Media Lab at MIT has worked on all kinds of projects involving industrial design, nanotechnology, sturdy low-cost laptops, and so on. Their LabCAST site takes things to a new level, as visitors can check in on their latest endeavors via a set of video podcasts. The site has already won a Webby Award, and after visitors take a quick glance around, they'll see why. Currently the site has over 35 podcasts that include such titles as "The Psychology of the Guitar", "Urban Pixels", and "RoboScooter". One podcast that shouldn't be missed is "Storied Navigation". This particular podcast profiles a rather intriguing approach to constructing a story based on a collection of digital video and audio. Visitors can also elect to subscribe via RSS feed to receive new LabCASTs as they are released.

445

Space Station: Plans to expand research community do not match available resources. Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, Committee on Government Affairs, US Senate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) goal is to launch, assemble, and operate an earth-orbiting microgravity and life sciences research laboratory - International Space Station Alpha - starting in 1997. We reviewed (1) what NASA is doing to assess the required size of the research community needed for the space station and to ensure that such a community will be available, (2) how NASA will ensure that the research selected for the space station will be the best possible, and (3) whether a recently cancelled Shuttle research flight adversely affected NASA's efforts to develop a research community for the space station. NASA has taken an initial step to assess the size of the space station's research community, but it is not intending to develop this community by directly soliciting proposals to do research on the space station. Instead, NASA is focusing on developing a comprehensive research program that emphasizes more ground-based research and uses space flight only for research efforts that require a microgravity environment in space.

1994-11-01

446

Governing the Governors: A Case Study of College Governance in English Further Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the nature of governors in the governance of further education colleges in an English context. It explores the complex relationship between governors (people/agency), government (policy/structure) and governance (practice), in a college environment. While recent research has focused on the governance of schooling and higher…

Gleeson, Denis; Abbott, Ian; Hill, Ron

2011-01-01

447

Governing the governors: a case study of college governance in English further education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the nature of governors in the governance of further education colleges in an English context. It explores the complex relationship between governors (people\\/agency), government (policy\\/structure) and governance (practice), in a college environment. While recent research has focused on the governance of schooling and higher education there has been little attention paid to the role of governors in

Denis Gleeson; Ian Abbott; Ron Hill

2010-01-01

448

Governing the Governors: A Case Study of College Governance in English Further Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper addresses the nature of governors in the governance of further education colleges in an English context. It explores the complex relationship between governors (people/agency), government (policy/structure) and governance (practice), in a college environment. While recent research has focused on the governance of schooling and higher…

Gleeson, Denis; Abbott, Ian; Hill, Ron

2011-01-01

449

Governance or Governing – the Missing Link?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governance and governing are two distinct concepts, but they intertwine. “Good governing” exercises good influence on development. “Good governance” supposes first a relationship of power focused on a series of reforms structured at three levels: the political – administrative level, the economic level, and the level of civil society. As this dimension is difficult to measure, the qualitative evaluation of

Luminita Maria Craciun

2010-01-01

450

Transportation Engineering: Online Lab Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Idaho hosts this outstanding collection of educational materials and laboratories related to transportation engineering. The topics introduced on the site are intended to supplement a junior-level course on the subject and are commonly viewed as "the most important ones that civil engineering graduates need to understand." Each chapter of the lab manual contains detailed theory and example problems. The lab exercises, however, will probably only serve to emphasize the most important concepts for students whose teachers are not directly incorporating them into the curricula.

451

In a nanoscience lab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The production, observation and manipulation of very small objects are a tour de force, but these objects, which could infiltrate anywhere without being seen, may arouse suspicion. To assess the situation at best, we describe the activity of a nanoscience research institution, some of the methods used there, the spirit of its researchers and their attitude towards risk.RésuméLa fabrication, l'observation et la manipulation d'objets très petits est un tour de force, mais ces objets, susceptibles de s'infiltrer partout sans être perçus, peuvent susciter la méfiance. Pour mieux apprécier la situation, nous décrivons l'activité d'un institut de recherche spécialisé dans les nanosciences, certaines des méthodes qui y sont utilisées, l'esprit de ses chercheurs et leur attitude vis à vis des risques.

Bayle-Guillemaud, Pascale; Hadji, Emmanuel; Reiss, Peter; Villain, Jacques

2011-09-01

452

Modeling Science Teaching on Science Practice? Painting a More Accurate Picture through an Ethnographic Lab Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on an ethnographic study of a molecular biology research laboratory called Sally's Lab. Portrays the social and cultural construction of a scientific community by studying the daily practices of the lab members and interpreting these observations. Concludes that there is not one set of experiences that pertain to all members within a given…

Buxton, Cory A.

2001-01-01

453

GeoLab's First Field Trials, 2010 Desert RATS: Evaluating Tools for Early Sample Characterization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We built a habitat-based laboratory, GeoLab, with a glovebox for handling samples and an instrument for collecting preliminary data to characterize those samples. GeoLab was tested as part of the 2010 Desert Research and Technology Studies.

Evans, C. A.; Bell, M. S.; Calaway, M. J.; Graff, T.; Young, K.; Desert Rats Science Team

2011-03-01

454

LabWrite: Transforming Lab Reports from Busy Work to Meaningful Learning Opportunities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lab reports are the dreaded assignments of the laboratory course. Students dislike them, because they can be tedious and time-consuming. Instructors dislike them, because they significantly increase the grading load. For this reason, lab reports are often omitted or replaced by alternatives such as responses to lab questions, fill-in-the-blank lab manual exercises, or lab quizzes. Despite its negative associations, the lab reports can help students learn how to write scientifically using an authentic scientific writing genre that allows them to formulate hypotheses, make inferences based on findings, and develop scientific arguments--cornerstones of scientific literacy. Students are also more apt to revisit the lab procedure and reflect on the experiment when writing lab reports. Reflecting on the lab in conjunction with putting the lab in their own words provides students a very effective tool for learning the science of the lab.

Wiebe, Eric; Carter, Michael; Ferzli, Miriam

2005-11-01

455

Discrete Dynamics Lab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DDLab is interactive graphics software for creating, visualizing, and analyzing many aspects of Cellular Automata, Random Boolean Networks, and Discrete Dynamical Networks in general and studying their behavior, both from the time-series perspective — space-time patterns, and from the state-space perspective — attractor basins. DDLab is relevant to research, applications, and education in the fields of complexity, self-organization, emergent phenomena, chaos, collision-based computing, neural networks, content addressable memory, genetic regulatory networks, dynamical encryption, generative art and music, and the study of the abstract mathematical/physical/dynamical phenomena in their own right.

Wuensche, Andrew

456

Economic, social and institutional conditions of network governance : Network governance in East Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper intends to discuss the effect of social and institutional mechanisms in allowing network governance embedded in non-contractual and social relations to emerge and persist. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Building on the extant theoretical literature on network governance of varied research strands and drawing empirical observations from research on East Asian network governance, the paper explores the effect of

Woojin Yoon; Eunjung Hyun

2010-01-01

457

Logistics in the Computer Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses ways to provide good computer laboratory facilities for elementary and secondary schools. Topics discussed include establishing the computer lab and selecting hardware; types of software; physical layout of the room; printers; networking possibilities; considerations relating to the physical environment; and scheduling methods. (LRW)|

Cowles, Jim

1989-01-01

458

Wii Remote National Instrument Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a YouTube video clip showing a Wii Remote controlling a large table top robotic arm. The video clip talks about how National Instruments has created Virtual Instruments coding(VIs) via LabVIEW that you can download for free and duplicate what they have done in this video demonstration.

2009-07-03

459

Lab 2 - Introduction to VHDL  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lab activity from the Digital Logic Project, students design, test, and simulate a basic logic circuit using the Quartus II development software. The circuit created is a ripple-carry four-bit adder/subtractor using both behavioral and structural VHDL coding.

2012-07-10

460

Physical Therapist Assistant Fitness Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Colby Community College's (CCC) Fitness Lab was established to provide the Physical Therapist Assistant (PTA) Program with a learning laboratory in which students can practice classroom-acquired skills, while at the same time promoting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual well-being of CCC students and staff, and community members. A…

Backstrom, Kurt; And Others

461

Hadronic Physics at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

I describe some of the lattice QCD work in support of the hadronic physics program at Jefferson Lab. In particular, there is a strong emphasis on the determination of the excited state hadron spectrum, as well as determining the spin content of nucleons and other hadrons.

Edwards, Robert

2008-05-01

462

A Simple, Successful Capacitor Lab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Capacitors are a fundamental component of modern electronics. They appear in myriad devices and in an enormous range of sizes. Although our students are taught the function and analysis of capacitors, few have the opportunity to use them in our labs.

Ennis, William

2011-05-01

463

Lab 3: Normal Climate Patterns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students generate and explore a variety of graphs, charts and map images in order to better understand the concept of normal climate. Ideally, students should work in pairs on this lab. Consider assigning each student team to investigate the climate of a single region or state and then having all the teams share their results with the entire class.

464

History of Science - With Labs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe here an interdisciplinary lab science course for non-majors using the history of science as a curricular guide. Our experience with diverse instructors underscores the importance of the teachers and classroom dynamics, beyond the curriculum. Moreover, the institutional political context is central: are courses for non-majors valued and is support given to instructors to innovate? Two sample projects are

Douglas Allchin; Elizabeth Anthony; Jack Bristol; Alan Dean; David Hall; Carl Lieb

1999-01-01

465

A Lab with a View: American Postdocs Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As recently as the early 1970s, a postdoctoral research experience overseas was a valued part of training for a U.S. biologist aspiring to an academic position. Not only did the U.S. scientists benefit educationally from participating in different laboratory and cultural systems, but labs outside the United States were enriched by the ideas,…

Gladfelter, Amy

2002-01-01

466

A LabVIEW based virtual instrument for power analyzers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a PC-based virtual instrument (VI) for a power analyzer is developed. Instead of theoretical research, a practical VI that can be integrated into an existing VI system is developed. The functions of power analyzer developed in this paper include the harmonic analyzer and instantaneous power measurement. The proposed VI is based on the LabVIEW (Laboratory Virtual Instrument

Jen-Hao Teng; Shun-Yu Chan; Jin-Chang Lee; R. Lee

2000-01-01

467

Engaging with science: High school students in summer lab internships  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Years of research and rhetoric have suggested that students should be given the opportunity to work with practicing scientists as a way to develop more sophisticated ideas about the nature of science, yet little research about these experiences exists. This project uses a case study approach to examine the experience of eight high school students working part-time during one summer as research assistants in biomedical laboratories. The students completed small research studies under the supervision of scientist-mentors. This dissertation explores questions related to how these students learned to work in a lab, in what ways they grew to understand this scientific context, and how their own relationships with science changed. The goal of looking at these young adults' summer experiences in science labs is to make suggestions for three settings: programs like this one, where high school students work closely with scientists in lab settings; other programs where scientists and students work together; and science education more generally. Analysis of pre- and post-interviews with students, and extensive observations of their laboratory work, suggests that students develop new ideas about the culture of science and the day-to-day workings of the labs. These ideas hold potential power for the students, and other participants in both similar and different educational settings, as they prepare for lives as scientifically engaged adults.

Bequette, Marjorie Bullitt

468

LAB OF PROTEOMICS AND ANALYTICAL TECHNOLOGIES Prices 2012 & 2013  

Cancer.gov

08/23/13 Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research LAB OF PROTEOMICS AND ANALYTICAL TECHNOLOGIES Services without a price for a given year: may not be available, the price is pending or it hasn't been selected to be displayed on the web. Service

469

The SHAPE Lab : New Technology and Software for Archaeologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SHAPE Lab was recently established (1999), with a grant from the United States National Science Foundation, by Brown University Departments of Engineering, Applied Mathematics, Computer Science and The Center for Old World Archaeology and Art and Department of Anthropology. It is a significant interdisciplinary effort for scientific research with a direct application to important problems in the analysis of

Frederic F. Leymarie; David B. Cooper; Martha Sharp Joukowsky; Benjamin B. Kimia; David H. Laidlaw; David Mumford; Eileen L. Vote

2000-01-01

470

40 Low-Waste, Low-Risk Chemistry Labs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource book contains 40 chemistry labs and provides a single solution to the problems of purchase, storage, use, and disposal of chemicals. The text is designed to be used alone or integrated with current textbooks. A mixture of microchemistry and macrochemistry is used to provide variety and reflects trends in research and industry. Most…

Dougan, David

471

A Streamlined Molecular Biology Module for Undergraduate Biochemistry Labs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Site-directed mutagenesis and other molecular biology techniques, including plasmid manipulation and restriction analysis, are commonly used tools in the biochemistry research laboratory. In redesigning our biochemistry lab curricula, we sought to integrate these techniques into a term-long, project-based course. In the module presented here,…

Muth, Gregory W.; Chihade, Joseph W.

2008-01-01

472

Governance structures in the hotel industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates alternative governance forms in the hotel industry. Agency theory maintains that the need for control over service quality, financial risk, and the market environment affect the choice of governance form. Prior agency research emphasizes alternative governance structures that principals employ, given local market conditions, agent incentives, and risk preferences. The study augments the established principal–agent perspective with

Robert Dahlstrom; Sven A. Haugland; Arne Nygaard; Aksel I. Rokkan

2009-01-01

473

Flexible HVAC System for Lab or Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses an effort to design a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system flexible enough to accommodate an easy conversion of classrooms to laboratories and dry labs to wet labs. The design's energy efficiency and operations and maintenance are examined. (GR)

Friedan, Jonathan

2001-01-01

474

Environment monitoring using LabVIEW.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A system has been developed for electronically recording and monitoring temperature, humidity, and other environmental variables at the Silicon Detector Facility located in Lab D. The data is collected by LabVIEW software, which runs in the background on ...

J. Hawtree

1995-01-01

475

Jefferson Lab Data Acquisition Run Control System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A general overview of the Jefferson Lab data acquisition run control system is presented. This run control system is designed to operate the configuration, control, and monitoring of all Jefferson Lab experiments. It controls data-taking activities by coo...

C. Timmer D. Abbott G. Heyes V. Gyurjyan

2005-01-01

476

Flexible HVAC System for Lab or Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses an effort to design a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system flexible enough to accommodate an easy conversion of classrooms to laboratories and dry labs to wet labs. The design's energy efficiency and operations and maintenance are examined. (GR)|

Friedan, Jonathan

2001-01-01

477

The Effects of E-Government on Trust and Confidence in Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arguments that e-government may improve citizen trust in government have not been sufficiently tested. We are interested in exploring the potential for e-government to influence citizen attitudes about government, across various population groups, including those with limited technology access and skill. This paper surveys literature relevant to e-government and its effect on civic trust, and summarizes our previous research on

Caroline J. Tolbert; Karen Mossberger

2003-01-01

478

Tombstone Weathering Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students work in groups in a cemetery to collect a quantitative and a qualitative measure of the extent of weathering of tombstones and their ages. The data are shared between all students, graphed as scatter plots, and the rate of weathering is estimated. Students write about and then discuss the results, the difference between the quantitative and qualitative measures, and speculate on factors in addition to time that may be important for weathering rate. The exercise ends with each students writing a hypothesis about a factor that influences weathering rate and describing a research project that could test that hypothesis. This activity is aimed at developing an understanding of the scatter in "real data", allowing for practice of team work, and hypothesis generation and testing. Designed for a geomorphology course Has minimal/no quantitative component

Anders, Alison

479

The Government Information Locator Service (GILS): Expanding Research and Development of the ANSI/NISO Z39.50 Information Retrieval Standard. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Government Information Locator Service (GILS) is a response to the need of users to be able to identify, locate, and access or acquire publicly available federal information resources. GILS uses ANSI/NISO Z39.50, the American National Standard for information retrieval, and other relevant standards to support the deployment of agency-based,…

Moen, William E.; McClure, Charles R.

480

Transforming the advanced lab: Part I - Learning goals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the physics education research community relatively little attention has been given to laboratory courses, especially at the upper-division undergraduate level. As part of transforming our senior-level Optics and Modern Physics Lab at the University of Colorado Boulder we are developing learning goals, revising curricula, and creating assessments. In this paper, we report on the establishment of our learning goals and a surrounding framework that have emerged from discussions with a wide variety of faculty, from a review of the literature on labs, and from identifying the goals of existing lab courses. Our goals go beyond those of specific physics content and apparatus, allowing instructors to personalize them to their contexts. We report on four broad themes and associated learning goals: Modeling (math-physics-data connection, statistical error analysis, systematic error, modeling of engineered "black boxes"), Design (of experiments, apparatus, programs, troubleshooting), Communication, and Technical Lab Skills (computer-aided data analysis, LabVIEW, test and measurement equipment).

Zwickl, Benjamin; Finkelstein, Noah; Lewandowski, H. J.

2012-02-01

481

Technology Teaching Lab: A Program of Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of a Technology Teaching Lab that was designed to provide elementary education preservice teachers with instruction to create technology-enhanced lessons and to use the lessons in their field placement. Discusses planning the lab, integrating the lab component into methods courses, and evaluation. (LRW)

Bucci, Terri Teal

2002-01-01

482

Experiences with Lab-Centric Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lab-centric instruction emphasizes supervised, hands-on activities by substituting lab for lecture time. It combines a multitude of pedagogical techniques into the format of an extended, structured closed lab. We discuss the range of benefits for students, including increased staff interaction, frequent and varied self-assessments, integrated…

Titterton, Nathaniel; Lewis, Colleen M.; Clancy, Michael J.

2010-01-01

483

Teaching EE circuits I lab with Labview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The teaching of undergraduate EE labs is constantly a concern for those who teach these labs. Several questions must annually be asked: 1) have we reached the point in the academic training of the undergraduates to eliminate the need to actually conduct hands-on lab experiments in favor of computer simulated experiences; 2) are we approaching more and more the opinion

C. E. Nunnally

1996-01-01

484

Experiences with Lab-Centric Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lab-centric instruction emphasizes supervised, hands-on activities by substituting lab for lecture time. It combines a multitude of pedagogical techniques into the format of an extended, structured closed lab. We discuss the range of benefits for students, including increased staff interaction, frequent and varied self-assessments, integrated…

Titterton, Nathaniel; Lewis, Colleen M.; Clancy, Michael J.

2010-01-01

485

Jefferson Lab Hands-on Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These are some of the hands-on activities used in Jefferson Lab's BEAMS program. In BEAMS, classes of 6th, 7th and 8th grade students are exposed to the Lab's scientific environment. For five consecutive days during school hours, classes of 6th grade students and their teachers participate in these science and math activities conducted with Jefferson Lab staff.

Education, Thomas J.

486

The Drama Workshop: A Lab Alternative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In lieu of language lab attendance, second-year language students had the option of attending a drama lab. This program has met with great success. The objective of the lab is to improve skills in pronunciation, intonation, and stress patterns. Also, an environment is created in which the student feels at home with the target language. (PJM)|

Cernyak, Susan E.; Reimer, Robert C.

1980-01-01

487

First results on GlioLab/GlioSat Precursors Missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 2009 GAUSS group is involved in a joint collaboration with Morehead State University (MSU) Space Science Center and IRCCS Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza (CSS) research labs with the aim to design a biomedical project in order to investigate if the combined effects of microgravity conditions and ionizing radiation increase or decrease the survival rate of cancer cells. The biological sample consists of Glioblastoma cancer cell line ANGM-CSS. Glioblastoma is a kind of cancer that can be treated after surgery only by radiotherapy using ionizing radiation. This treatment, anyway, results in a very low survival rate. This project uses different university space platforms: a CubeLab, named GlioLab, on board the International Space Station and the university microsatellite UniSat-5 designed by GAUSS. In addition a GlioLab/GlioSat precursor experiment has already flown two times with the Space Shuttle during the missions STS-134 and STS-135. The phase 0 or the precursor of GlioLab uses a COTS system, named Liquid Mixing Apparatus (LMA), to board the biological samples inside the Space Shuttle for thirty day . The LMA allows to board liquids inside a vial but is not equipped with environment control system. After landing the samples were investigated by researchers at CSS in Italy and at MSU in Kentucky. This paper deals with the experimental set up and the results obtained during the STS-134 and STS-135 missions and with the new evidences on the behavior of this kind of cancer. In particular the results obtained on the DNA analysis give a confirmation of the original idea of GLioLab/Gliosat project justifying the development of the two systems.

Cappelletti, Chantal; Notarangelo, Angelo; Demoss, Darrin; Carella, Massimo

2012-07-01

488

Government expenditure and theory of efficient private and public finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efficient government finance will increase economic growth and thereby income distribution. This research has been formulated an efficiency theory of production and finance. This research compared the government expenditure patterns into two situations. One, when a government borrows and accordingly allocates resources for productive expenditures for private and public finance. Another situation is that when a government borrows and

S M A Sikder

2009-01-01

489

Revisiting IT Governance in the Light of Institutional Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

IT governance research has been largely normative and has provided a great deal of useful insight into what effective IT governance should be. What has received less attention is an understanding of what really happens as organizations struggle to achieve effective IT governance. We argue that the time has come to supplement the important research on what IT governance should

Dax D. Jacobson

2009-01-01

490

Cornell Lab of Ornithology: Educator's Guide to Bird Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the highly regarded Cornell Lab of Ornithology, this online Educator's Guide offers "activity ideas and support materials to learn about birds and conduct inquiry-based research." The Guide contains 10 introductory activities that encourage students to become a species specialist, go on a bird walk, set up a bird feeder, color in a downloadable Bird Coloring Book, and more. The website also offers ideas for student research with concise sections addressing the scientific method, suggested research questions, research project design, data analysis, and writing a scientific paper. In addition, the Guide provides information about innovative Citizen Science Projects; a helpful collection of bird-related resources and activity ideas for teachers; educational outreach ideas; and information about a Home Study Course in Bird Biology from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

491

Design labs: Students' expectations and reality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a study reported in PERC 2004 the authors described how introductory physics labs in which students design their own experiments help them develop scientific abilities. These include the ability to design an experiment to solve a problem, to collect and analyze data and to communicate the details of the experimental procedure. The goal of the present study is to investigate the social aspect of student learning in these labs: whether students' expectations are consistent with the goals of the labs, whether student assessment of their learning in the labs matches the goals, and whether students perceive the labs as helpful in learning useful skills.

Etkina, Eugenia; Murthy, Sahana

2006-02-01

492

Between the waves: Harvard Pigeon Lab 1955-1960.  

PubMed Central

Six or more graduate students were active in and around the Pigeon Lab in the spring of 1955 and also in 1960, but when I arrived it the fall of 1955 there were none. Looking back in 2001 at that period I can appreciate the unique opportunity for research that I had, as well as the exceptional and productive groups of graduate students who had recently finished their study and research and those who would carry on the tradition of excellence.

Gollub, Lewis R

2002-01-01

493

Exclusive processes at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

Mapping the transition from strongly interacting, non-perturbative quantum chromodynamics, where nucleon-meson degrees of freedom are effective to perturbative QCD of quark and gluon degrees of freedom, is one of the most fundamental, challenging tasks in nuclear and particle physics. Exclusive processes such as proton-proton elastic scattering, meson photoproduction, and deuteron photodisintegration have been pursued extensively at many laboratories over the years in the search for such a transition, particularly at Jefferson Lab in recent years, taking the advantage of the high luminosity capability of the CEBAF facility. In this talk, I review recent results from Jefferson Lab on deuteron photodisintegration and photopion production processes and the future 12 GeV program.

Haiyan Gao

2007-09-01

494

Ethics and constitutional government.  

PubMed

The term ethics refers to a set of principles that govern acceptable, proper conduct. Attacks on the Constitution of the United States pose the most serious breach of ethics today. Our country was founded as a republic, not as a democracy. Our Founding Fathers' main concern was to protect citizens from the power of the federal government, so constitutionally, the central government has little or no authority over individual citizens except on federal property. One of the major problems today is the fact that we now have professional politicians. This is due in large part to the lure of financial gain from countless special interest groups. This would change under constitutional law because the federal budget would decrease drastically. Article 1 states that all legislative power is vested in Congress. Congress has only 18 enumerated powers, and almost half of these pertain to defense of the country. Many of our current problems are due to regulatory agencies that have become independent fiefdoms with unconstitutional legislative, as well as executive and judicial, powers. The regulatory agency most relevant to medicine, both clinical care and research, is the FDA. It is now obvious that its basic structure needs to be changed or abolished because its actions are identical to those inherent in authoritarian systems. Constructive change could come from Congress, but it would be most desirable if the Supreme Court would take the lead and reestablish the authority of the Constitution as the Supreme Law of the Land. The FDA's function could be limited to the determination of safety, but preferably its mission would be altered to that of product certification. Defenders of the current system claim that such a drastic change would be too dangerous and their prime example is thalidomide. But it is now known that the market has already solved that problem prior to the government-imposed sanctions. Realistically, market forces and their ramifications, including our legal system, provide the most effective methods of protecting the public from harmful drugs and devices. Fortunately, a model for miracles is available. It is New Zealand, which had become increasingly socialistic after WW II. As a result, they had become noncompetitive, and with the formation of the European Union, they lost their major market exports. In order to survive they made some astounding changes in the mid-1980s. They studied every agency that depended on government funding and transferred much of this work over to the private sector. They turned the remaining agencies into profit-making enterprises. These agencies had cost the government about $1 billion/year. Now, they produce about $1 billion in revenue and taxes. Without question, a return to constitutional government would be an invigorating stimulus to bioengineering research in the future. It would flourish. The eminence of this country did not develop from a strong central government. It is due to its absence, but we are rapidly reaching a point of no return. PMID:18298395

Albright, James A

2007-01-01

495

History of Science - With Labs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe here an interdisciplinary lab science course for non-majors using the history of science as a curricular guide. Our experience with diverse instructors underscores the importance of the teachers and classroom dynamics, beyond the curriculum. Moreover, the institutional political context is central: are courses for non-majors valued and is support given to instructors to innovate? Two sample projects are profiled.

Allchin, Douglas; Anthony, Elizabeth; Bristol, Jack; et al.

496

Physics Lab Online: Practice Problems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of student practice problems addresses topics typically covered in an algebra-based physics course. The values in the problems are randomly generated to give students the opportunity to work independently and to repeat a problem set as needed. Students can check answers as they do the problems. This page is part of a larger set of curriculum materials by the same author. It contains syllabi, lessons, hands-on labs, AP review exercises, and assessments.

2011-06-22

497

Sea Scallop Shell Lab Handout  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Used in combination with the Sea Scallop Shell Lab teacher's guide, students will examine sea scallop shells to figure out as much as possible about the scallops living on the sea floor in one three important fishery grounds, Hudson Canyon, off New Bedford, MA, and George's Bank. The activity emphasizes observation, measurements, and basic calculations. The teacher's guide is available from the COSEE-NE OSEI resource site.

498

Rice Virtual Lab in Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides resources to assist students in understanding introductory statistics. Multimedia instruction, demonstrations, case studies and an analysis lab are provided. Topics covered include analysis of variance, boxplot, confidence interval, contrast among means, correlated t-test, correlation, histogram, independent groups t-test, regression, and a repeated measures ANOVA. The simulations/demonstrations are free JAVA applets in the public domain. Simulations and demonstrations and JBuilder source code are available for download.

2008-12-31

499

Thar`s gold in them thar notebooks: benefits of laboratory notebooks in the government archive  

SciTech Connect

As Archive Coordinator for Sandia National Laboratories Corporate Archives, I am responsible for promoting the preservation and value of Sandia`s history. Today I will talk about one important part of Sandia`s historical record--the laboratory notebook. I will start with some brief background on Sandia National Laboratories, including the Laboratories` mission and an example of how the gold in one lab notebook helped to give a picture of Sandia`s early history. Next, I will talk about the use of notebooks at Sandia Labs, how they represent technology developed at Sandia, and include noteworthy examples of how patent information has been collected, used, and released to the public. Then, I will discuss how the National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 authorized technology transfer initiatives and the exclusive use of patented information, resulting in many golden opportunities for the national laboratories to work with private industry to further technology. I will briefly discuss laboratory notebook retention schedules and mention a new initiative to better utilize Laboratory notebooks. And, finally, I will summarize how the `gold` in laboratory notebooks in government archives are a reflection of the valuable and extensive research authorized and funded by the government to benefit the public.

O`Canna, M.

1996-01-01

500

Mycardial Infarction Research Unit: Comprehensive Clinical and Lab Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Clinical and laboratory investigations are conducted to provide a better understanding and more effective treatment of myocardial infarction. Patients with acute myocardial infarction are carefully characterized by clinical, hemodynamic, electrophysiologi...

E. Haber T. W. Smith

1974-01-01